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1

PEN\\/PAPER AND ELECTRONIC PORTFOLIOS: AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR DEVELOPING REFLECTIVE THINKING OF TURKISH EFL STUDENT TEACHERS?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the role of portfolio development on the improvement of the reflective thinking ability of five Turkish EFL (English as a Foreign Language) student teachers from a University in Turkey. In this case study, participants' reflective papers written for their pen\\/paper and electronic portfolios and their interviews were analysed. The results showed that the process of preparing a

ZEYNEP KOCOGLU; AYSE AKYEL; GULCAN ERCETIN

2008-01-01

2

Reflections on Developing Student Authors: From Class Paper to Journal Publication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, I describe my reflections on developing student authors through a class research project. I review the assignment origins and description and my role in the students' developmental journey from transforming a class assignment to a publishable work. (Contains 1 figure.)

Hutchins, Holly M.

2013-01-01

3

Education Students' Use of Collaborative Writing Tools in Collectively Reflective Essay Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Google Docs and EtherPad are Web 2.0 tools providing opportunity for multiple users to work online on the same document consecutively or simultaneously. Over the last few years a number of research papers on the use of these collaborative tools in a teaching and learning environment have been published. This work builds on that of Brodahl,…

Brodahl, Cornelia; Hansen, Nils Kristian

2014-01-01

4

Structures for Facilitating Student Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this article is to describe a continuum of levels of reflection. It briefly focuses on Deanna Kuhn's research into the development of scientific thinking and Robert Kegan's Object-Subject Theory of Development applied to the problems of inspiring students to be able to reflect. Assignments for improving students' ability to reflect are…

Grossman, Robert

2009-01-01

5

Outstanding Student Paper Awards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following members in the Space Physics & Aeronomy Section received Outstanding Student Paper Awards at the 2003 AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco, California. Arve Aksnes; Aroh Barjatya; Jacob Bortnik; Amir Caspi; Ruben Delgado; Galen Fowler; Paul G. Hanlon; Sid Henderson; Tara B. Hiebert; Chia-Lin Huang; Steven P. Joy; Eun-Hwa Kim; Colby Lemon; Yingjuan Ma; Elizabeth A. MacDonald; Jaco Minnie; Mitsuo Oka; Yoshitaka Okazaki; Erin J. Rigler; Ina P. Robertson; Patrick A. Roddy; Sang-Il Roh; Albert Y. Shih; Christopher Smithtro; Emma Spanswick; Maria Spasojevic; Hiroki Tanaka; Linghua Wang; Deirdre E. Wendel; Jichun Zhang>

2003-01-01

6

Outstanding Student Paper Awards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following members in the Space Physics & Aeronomy Section received Outstanding Student Paper Awards at the 2003 AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco, California. Arve Aksnes; Aroh Barjatya; Jacob Bortnik; Amir Caspi; Ruben Delgado; Galen Fowler; Paul G. Hanlon; Sid Henderson; Tara B. Hiebert; Chia-Lin Huang; Steven P. Joy; Eun-Hwa Kim; Colby Lemon; Yingjuan Ma; Elizabeth A. MacDonald; Jaco Minnie; Mitsuo Oka; Yoshitaka Okazaki; Erin J. Rigler; Ina P. Robertson; Patrick A. Roddy; Sang-Il Roh; Albert Y. Shih; Christopher Smithtro; Emma Spanswick; Maria Spasojevic; Hiroki Tanaka; Linghua Wang; Deirdre E. Wendel; Jichun Zhang>

2004-04-01

7

Outstanding student paper award  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Planetology Section presented an outstanding student paper award to Julie Ann Rathbun at the AGU 1998 Spring Meeting in Boston, Mass., last May. Julie Ann Rathbun presented a paper titled “Ice Diapirs on Europa and Their Implications."” Julie received her B.S. degree in physics from the State University of New York at Buffalo in May 1994. She has an M.S. in astronomy from Cornell University that she received in July 1997. At present, she is working towards a Ph.D. in astronomy from Cornell under the direction of Steven Squyres. Julie's thesis topic is studying thermal upwellings on Venus and Europa using techniques developed for Coronae formation. She is doing this study in order to understand the subsurface structure of the bodies and how similar processes can differ in icy and rocky bodies. Work already accomplished toward this thesis are Magellan data used to model the formation of Beta Regio and Theia Mons, and Galileo data used to model the formation of small topographic domes to show that a liquid water ocean must have been present at the time of their formation.

8

Outstanding student paper awards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Atmospheric Sciences Section presented the following outstanding student paper awards at the AGU 1997 Fall Meeting in San Francisco, California, last December. James Corbett presented a poster on “Nitrogen and Sulfur Emissions From Oceangoing Ships.” James is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Engineering and Public Policy (EPP) at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pa. He has been awarded a M.S. degree in EPP and recently completed the M.S. requirements in the Department of Mechanical Engineering. He graduated in 1985 with a degree in marine engineering technology from the California Maritime Academy and holds a California Professional Engineering License (Mechanical). He joined the doctoral program in engineering and public policy at Carnegie Mellon University in August 1995. In 1997, he was selected for a U.S. EPA STAR Fellowship. His research focuses on international maritime transportation and pollution issues, particularly air emissions from ship propulsion. James has developed the first global geographic characterization of air emissions from international maritime transport. As recently published in Science (Corbett and Fischbeck, 1997), his work estimates the global annual nitrogen and sulfur emissions from ships to be 3.08 terragrams (Tg) N and 4.24 Tg S, respectively.

9

Enhancing Student Teacher Reflective Practice through Poetry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a seminar process in which poetry is used with student teachers to provide a focal point for reflection and introspection. Through this reflection process, students have been able to reflect deeply and personally on their student-teaching experiences, on their own personalities in the context of those experiences, and on…

Cowin, Kathleen M.

2012-01-01

10

The Development of Reflective Practice through Student Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the design and assessment of reflective journals in a course on spirituality and management in a tertiary institution. The purpose of reflection in education is to develop students' self-awareness and inner leadership. Yet, such assessment poses challenges in terms of design, content and grading. This paper explores the…

Pavlovich, Kathryn

2007-01-01

11

Medical Students' Mindset for Reflective Learning: A Revalidation Study of the Reflection-in-Learning Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aims of this paper are to examine the measurement properties of the Reflection-in-Learning Scale (RLS) and to identify whether there are relationships between RLS scores early in the medical program and outcomes of the students' academic activity later on. The 14-item RLS was administered to second-year students (N=275) at start and at end of…

Sobral, Dejano T.

2005-01-01

12

Geodesy best student paper commended  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Charles De Mets, a graduate student at Northwestern University, Evanston, Ill., is the first recipient of the AGU Geodesy Section's Best Student Paper Award, presented at the AGU Fall Meeting. The award was for his paper on the NUVEL-1 relative plate motion model. This new model includes large amounts of geological data obtained in the last decade. NUVEL-1 also incorporates modifications to the positions of some plate boundaries that are indicated in previous relative models. The comparison of this model with measurements of contemporary plate motion obtained from space techniques will be vital for the study of plate driving mechanisms, the rheology of the mantle, and the stability of geologic processes. The presentation and content of the paper were excellent. De Mets received his B.A. in Geology from Lawrence University, Appleton, Wis., in 1982 and his M.S. from Northwestern University in 1984. He expects to complete his Ph.D. work in 1987.

Lanzao, Paolo; Bock, Yehuda; Chovitz, Bernard; Stein, Ross

13

Exploring MATESOL Student "Resistance" to Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many teacher training programs, including MATESOL programs, encourage their trainees to be reflective practitioners. The MATESOL program at The American University of Sharjah (AUS) is no exception and offers the students many opportunities for reflection. This article discusses my experience with a recent cohort's reaction to being asked to…

Gunn, Cindy L.

2010-01-01

14

Helping Students Discover Total Internal Reflection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn the basic relationship of Snell's Law, practice applying it to a situation, then are given another situation where it "doesn't work."??? This situation turns out to be one in which total internal reflection occurs. Students are then shown what happens with classroom apparatus.

Kathleen Harper

15

Intellectual disability nursing assessment: student reflections.  

PubMed

Nursing students, Paula and Lynda, reflect on their first academic assessment of their 4-year intellectual disability nursing course. The reflection is conducted by the second and third authors of this article, and is guided by Gibbs' (1998) cycle, highlighting the positive and negative aspects of their 'workbook' assignment during their first academic semester. Overall, the use of the workbook as an assessment method enabled the students to discover the importance of time management, attendance at lectures, database searching, referencing and academic writing. The assignment enabled the students to be more prepared for clinical practice placement, and develop a basis for future learning and knowledge of intellectual disability. PMID:22584930

Doody, Owen; McInerney, Paula; Linnane, Lynda

16

Using Reflection Documents to Assess Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditional assessment methods such as tests and essays may not be adequate to evaluate students' ability to solve problems and think critically. I developed a qualitative assessment technique for a junior-level Wildlife Management Techniques course that incorporated written responses in a pre- and post-course reflection exercise. I provided the…

Powell, Larkin A.

2009-01-01

17

Student Self-Reflection on Alcohol Consumption: A Writing Assignment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes a form of curriculum infusion for college instruction in which information about alcohol and other drug problems relevant to the content of a course is provided and related assignments are made. Specifically, the paper focuses on an English writing assignment that involved student self-reflection on his or her use or…

Rapaport, Ross J.

18

ORIGINAL PAPER Egg pigmentation reflects female and egg quality  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL PAPER Egg pigmentation reflects female and egg quality in the spotless starling Sturnus was to investigate whether egg colour variation in the spotless starling reflected the amount of pigments on the eggshell and whether egg pigmentation was related to female and egg quality. Chromatography analyses

Miksik, Ivan

19

"It's Just a Nuisance": Improving College Student Reflective Journal Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While many educators call for having students use reflective journaling in the classroom as both a way of getting students to engage in content matter and as a way to help the students find some level of personal connection to content material, research shows that many students see reflective journaling as merely busy work and, consequently, fail…

Mills, Roxanne

2008-01-01

20

Feedback Dialogues That Stimulate Students' Reflective Thinking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How can feedback dialogues stimulate students' reflective thinking? This study aims to investigate: (1) the effects of feedback dialogues between teachers and students on students' perceptions of teacher feedback and (2) the relation between features of feedback dialogues and students' thinking activities as part of reflective

Van der Schaaf, Marieke; Baartman, Liesbeth; Prins, Frans; Oosterbaan, Anne; Schaap, Harmen

2013-01-01

21

Reflections on Leadership. CAUSE Professional Paper Series, No. 15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The seven essays in this paper were submitted by winners of the CAUSE ELITE (Exemplary Leadership and Information Technology Excellence) Award. The papers reflect leadership and achievement through effective management and use of information resources. Papers include: "More Lessons from the CIO Trail: from Butch Cassidy to City Slicker," (Thomas…

West, Thomas W.; And Others

22

Assessing the Quality of Reflection in Student Journals: A Review of the Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we review 11 research articles that examine the level of reflection found in student journals in higher education across a range of disciplines. Our review reveals little to no consistency in the research community around the mechanisms and process of assessing levels of reflection in student journals. Our analysis also reveals that…

Dyment, Janet E.; O'Connell, Timothy S.

2011-01-01

23

Learning Vicariously: Students' Reflections of the Leadership Lessons Portrayed in "The Office"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leadership educators are encouraged to identify and apply new ways to teach leadership. This paper provides the qualitative results of post-secondary students' reflections of learning leadership concepts after watching several episodes of the television show, "The Office." Students used reflective journaling to record their reactions and…

Wimmer, Gaea; Meyers, Courtney; Porter, Haley; Shaw, Martin

2012-01-01

24

What Medical Students Say about Psychiatry: Results of a Reflection Exercise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The author describes the results of a reflection exercise for psychiatry clerkship students. Method: The author performed a qualitative analysis on 100 "reflection" papers written by medical students in their psychiatry clerkship and identified the most prominent thematic content. Results: The most common thematic content involved…

Brenner, Adam M.

2011-01-01

25

School Staff's Reflections on Truant Students: A Positioning Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to explore how school staff members involved in Student Health and Welfare conferences reflect on individual students with high levels of truancy based on their personal relationships. Using positioning analysis, the transcriptions of 15 interviews with staff were analysed. The school staff's reflections on the…

Strand, Anne-Sofie M.; Cedersund, Elisabet

2013-01-01

26

Reflecting to Conform? Exploring Irish Student Teachers' Discourses in Reflective Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new model of reflective practice for student teachers on school placement was implemented into a teacher education program. The model aimed to encourage critical reflection that challenged hegemonic assumptions and power relations. In contrast to this, the analysis of the student teachers' reflections revealed a desire to fit in and…

McGarr, Oliver; McCormack, Orla

2014-01-01

27

Student Teacher Reflective Writing: What Does It Reveal?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some researchers claim that reflection helps student teachers to better understand their practice teaching. This study aims to explore how deliberate reflection by student teachers is encouraged as a way to prepare, analyse and evaluate their practice. A total of 104 student teachers in primary education participated in this study during their…

Mena-Marcos, Juanjo; Garcia-Rodriguez, Maria-Luisa; Tillema, Harm

2013-01-01

28

Secondary-School Students' Motivation for Portfolio Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several studies concluded that deep reflection is infrequently reached in student portfolios. An explanation for these disappointing conclusions might be that motivation for portfolio reflection determines the quality of reflection. This study aimed to examine the relationship between motivation for using digital portfolios and reflection.…

De Bruin, H. L.; van der Schaaf, M. F.; Oosterbaan, A. E.; Prins, F. J.

2012-01-01

29

Cassette Feedback for Evaluating Student Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A procedure is suggested for using recorded rather than written comments for the evaluation of student papers, allowing more detailed and specific comments, increasing the amount of feedback, and improving communication. (SA)

Zoerner, C. E., Jr.

1974-01-01

30

Online Student Evaluations Paper or Plastic?Paper or Plastic?  

E-print Network

/instructor to evaluate ·Fill out online form Cli k b it b tt·Click submit button ·Repeat process for each course ·New dynamic form ·No data entry ·Online accessibility·Online accessibility ·Larger time frameOnline Student Evaluations Paper or Plastic?Paper or Plastic? Archie George Kathy Deany Jason Mayer

Waits, Lisette

31

Do Course Evaluations Truly Reflect Student Learning? Evidence from an Objectively Graded Post-Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is difficult to assess the extent to which course evaluations reflect how much students truly learn from a course because valid measures of learning are rarely available. This paper makes use of a unique setting in which students take a common, high-stakes post-test which is centrally graded and serves as the basis for capturing actual student

Beleche, Trinidad; Fairris, David; Marks, Mindy

2012-01-01

32

ORIGINAL PAPER Spectral reflectance properties of iridescent pierid butterfly wings  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL PAPER Spectral reflectance properties of iridescent pierid butterfly wings Bodo D. Wilts with open access at Springerlink.com Abstract The wings of most pierid butterflies exhibit a main and structural colourations are presumably tuned to the spectral sensitivities of the butterflies' photoreceptors

33

Reflections on the Tertiary Education Sector in Australia. Conference Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The split between higher education and vocational education and training (VET) in Australia is not clean. This paper discusses a number of aspects of this tertiary education sector: the Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF), which describes the qualifications offered by the three education sectors: schools, higher education and VET; student

Karmel, Tom

2009-01-01

34

Early childhood student teacher's reflective practice through children's work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Board of Professional Teaching Standards states that model teachers reflect on children's work to inform their practice. The study examines what that means for pre?service early childhood teachers. Six student teachers were asked to reflect on their practice by talking about their teaching when viewing children's work generated by the student teacher's lesson. A phenomenological approach was used

Sara McCormick Davis

2004-01-01

35

Engaging Young Students in Scientific Investigations: Prompting for Meaningful Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the verbal prompts a tutor used to promote reflection and young students' responses to these prompts. Seven children (ages 8-12) participated in 260 min of one-on-one tutoring to learn scientific concepts related to gear movement; the tutor spontaneously provided these students with 763 prompts for reflection. Prompts reliably…

Wilson, Travis; Perry, Michelle; Anderson, Carolyn J.; Grosshandler, Dean

2012-01-01

36

How to Determine the Quality of Students' Reflections?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses some of the ambiguities related to the concept of reflection in education, and presents an alternative approach for determining the focus and quality of students' reflection. Accordingly, the focus of reflection can vary from a concrete technical aspect of an experience to the broader societal context of that experience, and…

Leijen, Ali; Valtna, Kai; Leijen, Djuddah A. J.; Pedaste, Margus

2012-01-01

37

A Situated Approach to VET Students' Reflection Processes across Boundaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to illuminate the intersection between institutional requirements for reflection and students' actual reflection initiatives in the social and health care education programmes. A situated perspective makes it possible to illuminate individuals' commitment, curiosity and uncertainty as bases for understanding…

Wegener, Charlotte

2014-01-01

38

Dilemmas in nursing care: a student's reflection of a critical incident.  

PubMed

A student nurse will face many questions when they are confronted with the death of a patient. In this paper, a first-year nursing student reflects upon the death of a young adult (Yvonne) as part of a nursing inquiry subject. The author reflects upon the death of Yvonne and re-examines the questions and responses that this critical incident raised. PMID:9764006

McDonnell-Baum, B

1998-03-01

39

Collaborative Writing: Product, Process, and Students' Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although pair and group work are commonly used in language classrooms, very few studies have investigated the nature of such collaboration when students produce a jointly written text. This study set out to investigate collaborative writing. The study was classroom based, and the participants (23) were adult ESL students completing degree courses.…

Storch, Neomy

2005-01-01

40

Reflections on Graduate Student PBL Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study designed to contribute to existing research on Problem-Based Learning (PBL) chose a focus group comprising 16 MSc. Petroleum Engineering students (six females). Using PBL as the method of instruction, students examined a real-life petroleum engineering problem that highlighted numerous areas of their existing curriculum. They worked in…

McDonald, Betty

2008-01-01

41

Training English Language Student Teachers to Become Reflective Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflective teaching practice has become a central theme in professional growth at the pre-service teacher education level almost everywhere. English language teaching (ELT) teacher trainers, like any other teacher trainers, have a powerful role to play in fostering reflection in their student teachers through the approaches and strategies they…

Al-Issa, Ali; Al-Bulushi, Ali

2010-01-01

42

Preparing BSW Students for Service-Learning: Enhancing Epistemological Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article includes a review of the literature on personal epistemology and the reflective judgment model and applies these theoretical concepts to undergraduate students who engage in service-learning projects. The application will provide instructors with greater understanding of students' abilities and limitations in their…

Averett, Paige E.; Arnd-Caddigan, Margaret

2014-01-01

43

Scaffolding Students' Knowledge Integration: Prompts for Reflection in KIE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Encouraging students to be autonomous is an important goal of the Scaffolded Knowledge Integration (SKI) framework. Investigates learning and design questions. Indicates that prompting students to reflect significantly increases knowledge integration in science projects. Shows that self-monitoring prompts, which encourage planning for and…

Davis, Elizabeth A.; Linn, Marcia C.

2000-01-01

44

Preservice Teachers' Reflection on Clinical Experiences: A Comparison of Blog and Final Paper Assignments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on the depth of reflection in the writing of preservice teachers who completed end-of-the-semester reflective papers or reflective blogs for undergraduate education courses associated with clinical experiences. Coders rated the depth of reflection as one of four categories: non-reflection, understanding, reflection, or critical…

Harland, Darci J.; Wondra, Joshua D.

2011-01-01

45

Metacognition: Student Reflections on Problem Solving  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty-first century teaching and learning focus on the fundamental skills of critical thinking and problem solving, creativity and innovation, and collaboration and communication. Metacognition is a crucial aspect of both problem solving and critical thinking, but it is often difficult to get students to engage in authentic metacognitive…

Wismath, Shelly; Orr, Doug; Good, Brandon

2014-01-01

46

Student Reflected GPS Experiment (SuRGE)  

Microsoft Academic Search

SuRGE is a low-Earth orbit satellite proposed for an 8-month mission to establish the possibility of spaceborne bistatic GPS remote sensing of ocean surface wind speed\\/direction, sea surface elevation and soil moisture. Equipped with two GPS reflection instruments and three downward-looking antennas, SuRGE is optimized to validate this measurement technology. Through a nadir facing high-gain (~ 20 db) antenna, a

W. J. Emery; P. Axelrad; R. S. Nerem; D. Masters; M. Armatys; A. Komjathy

2001-01-01

47

The Support of Student Articulation of Reasoning, Student Reflection and Tutor Feedback  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning theory suggests that student learning can be improved if students are required to articulate and reflect about work that they have done. This process helps students think more clearly about their work and such articulation also enables tutors to better assess student knowledge and mental models. There are various electronic tools…

Garner, Stuart

2007-01-01

48

Reflection through Web Discussions: Assessing Nursing Students' Work-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate evidence for the use of web discussion in the assessment of work-based learning in practical nurse education. The paper seeks to investigate what kind of conclusions can be drawn from the students' learning and learning processes, especially from their ability to reflect by analysing web…

Hulkari, Kirsti; Mahlamaki-Kultanen, Seija

2008-01-01

49

Outstanding student papers at AGU meeting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Five students from the Solar-Planetary Relationships section were cited for their outstanding papers delivered at the AGU 1991 Spring Meeting in Baltimore.Steve Benka, who presented “A Thermal/Non-thermal (TNT) Model for Solar Microwave Bursts,” successfully completed the doctoral program at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in August 1991. His research interests include the interpretation of high-resolution spectra of solar flare hard X-ray and microwave emissions. Benka is interested in extending the usefulness of concepts learned in physics to other phenomena, both atrophysical and within the solar system. Benka received a B.S. in both physics and mathematics from Metropolitan State College in 1985.

50

Greek Theatre: A Reflection of Ancient Greek Society (A Program Alternative for High School Gifted Students). Programs for Gifted Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of instructional units designed for gifted students, the paper describes a high school curriculum that examines the Greek theatre as a reflection of Greek society. The unit is designed to provide academic substance while developing higher level critical thinking skills. Following a brief introduction on the integration of theatre…

Girard, M. Phyllis

51

Collaborative peer lyric writing during music therapy training: a tool for facilitating students' reflections about clinical practicum experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-reflection is integral to effective clinical practice and yet is a skill that many intelligent students struggle to develop. This paper reports on the findings of a pilot study where students shared both positive and challenging experiences with each other and co-wrote songs that captured their experiences. Four students attending clinical practicum engaged in collaborative songwriting experiences with peers from

Felicity Baker; Robert E. Krout

2011-01-01

52

Blogging for Reflection: The Use of Online Journals to Engage Students in Reflective Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflective learning has long been studied in many disciplines. A primary way that reflective learning has been taught is through journaling. With the advent of e-learning, journaling has moved to the Web in the form of blogs. The current paper reviews the current state of journaling and blogging research with specific recommendations for marketing…

Muncy, James A.

2014-01-01

53

Tracing the Reflective Practices of Student Teachers in Online Modes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the course of pre-and in-service teacher education programmes, reflection can happen in a number of ways, for example: reflective journals, personal stories and pair/group co-operative discussions, professional development portfolios, and blogs and electronic portfolios. The aim of this paper is to examine various technologies such as…

Farr, Fiona; Riordan, Elaine

2015-01-01

54

Serious Gaming at School: Reflections on Students' Performance, Engagement and  

E-print Network

Serious Gaming at School: Reflections on Students' Performance, Engagement and Motivation Rosa experiment showed that: 1) there is a strong correlation between school achievement and the ability to play and solve this kind of games and that 2) motivation and engagement in game-based learning tasks is very high

Boyer, Edmond

55

Reflective Teaching. The Preparation of Students of Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first chapter of this book makes a case for preparing teachers to be lifelong students of teaching. Impediments to that goal are enumerated, and suggestions are made on how they might be overcome. Some of the means by which teachers can be made more reflective about their teaching are presented. In chapter 2, teachers are encouraged to become…

Cruickshank, Donald R.

56

Distorted Reflections: Fixing What's Wrong with Recruiting of Adult Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It might seem axiomatic that the character of a university's academic experience would be reflected in the character of its admissions processes. Unfortunately, it is not--at least, not in the world of continuing and adult education. Universities that offer rich academic programs, high-quality student/faculty relationships, and top-quality…

Tilghman, Chris

2010-01-01

57

Reflective journal writing: how it promotes reflective thinking in clinical nursing education: a students' perspective.  

PubMed

According to the outcomes-based education and training system of education (OBET) in the country and the South African Nursing Council, education should focus on "creating" reflective learners and practitioners. This article seeks to determine the effectiveness of reflective journal writing in promoting the reflective thinking of learners in clinical nursing education and to validate the guidelines described in a bigger study on how to facilitate reflective thinking using reflective journal writing. A qualitative, contextual, explorative, descriptive research design was used to determine the learners' perceptions on whether reflective journal writing did promote their higher-level thinking skills during the six-month placement in a psychiatric clinical practice using the reflective diaries. From a population of seventeen fourth-year students, six volunteered to participate in a focus group interview. The data was analysed by means of the descriptive method of open coding of Tesch (in Creswell, 1994:154-156). Positive and negative results from the perceptions of the participants and a literature review served as a basis for deducing and describing guidelines for the effective use of reflective journal writing in promoting reflective thinking in clinical nursing education. The positive perception was the development of problem-solving skills attained through reflection by using analytical critical thinking, synthesis and the evaluation of situations. Self-evaluation leading to intellectual growth and self-awareness indicated a positive perception. Negative perceptions were that reflective journal writing is time consuming, content based with a lack of clear expectations from the teacher, and distrust of students about the information written. Guba's model of ensuring trustworthiness in qualitative research as described in Krefting (1991:215-222) was employed. It is concluded that reflective journal writing in clinical nursing education does promote reflective thinking and learning. The use of the developed guidelines will minimise the negative perceptions. It is recommended that the guidelines be used in basic training at all levels of training to attain the objective of nursing education and training, which is to produce a critical, analytical thinker through reflection to improve practice. PMID:12434637

Kok, J; Chabeli, M M

2002-08-01

58

Nursing Student Perceptions of Reflective Journaling: A Conjoint Value Analysis  

PubMed Central

This study used a statistical technique, conjoint value analysis, to determine student perceptions related to the importance of predetermined reflective journaling attributes. An expert Delphi panel determined these attributes and integrated them into a survey which presented students with multiple journaling experiences from which they had to choose. After obtaining IRB approval, a convenience sample of 66 baccalaureate nursing students completed the survey. The relative importance of the attributes varied from a low of 16.75% (format) to a high of 23.58% (time). The model explained 77% of the variability of student journaling preferences (r2 = 0.77). Students preferred shorter time, complete confidentiality, one-time complete feedback, semistructured format, and behavior recognition. Students with more experience had a much greater preference for a free-form format (P < .05) when compared to students with less journaling experience. Additionally, the results of English as a second language students were significantly different from the rest of the sample. In order to better serve them, educators must consider the relative importance of these attributes when developing journaling experiences for their students. PMID:22988524

Hendrix, Thomas J.; O'Malley, Maureen; Sullivan, Catherine; Carmon, Bernice

2012-01-01

59

Mandatory Trialling of Support Services by International Students: What They Choose and How They Reflect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper evaluates a strategy to promote the uptake of support services by international students (ISs) at an Australian university. As part of their assessment, ISs completed a so-called "University Service Reflection Task" (USRT) in a core first-year course. To complete the USRT, all ISs accessed one support service (e.g. language…

Fenton-Smith, Ben; Michael, Rowan

2013-01-01

60

Student Reflections of Sport Education in One Urban Australian Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores a Sport Education pilot project as a case study of the approach in a primary school setting. The data was obtained from the end of unit written reflections of a class of upper primary students in an urban Australian primary school. The Sport Education unit of work was implemented by the school's physical education teacher who…

Pill, Shane

2010-01-01

61

Preparing Students to Write a Professional Philosophy of Recreation Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a process for guiding students through the writing of a Professional Philosophy of Recreation Paper and a one-page philosophy statement suitable for use in students' professional portfolios. The authors describe how the review of recreation education literature, scholarship on teaching and learning, and assessment of student

Stevens, Cheryl; Schneider, Paige P.; Johnson, Corey W.

2012-01-01

62

FRONTLINE: teaching affect recognition to medical students: evaluation and reflections.  

PubMed

Techniques developed for teaching more empathic affect recognition and reflection to medical students during their introduction to psychiatric interviewing begin with a concrete grounding in facial muscular movements and facial affect recognition, and proceed to the use of countertransferential affective experience to aid in ascertaining personality types. Observations about the temper of today's medical students by psychoanalysts may be of help in avoiding increasing their already substantial characterological resistance to affective learning and empathy that has recently been reported in the medical education literature. PMID:21699350

Forrest, David V

2011-01-01

63

Nursing Students' Feedback to a Spiritual Health Reflection.  

PubMed

It is common for young students to enter nursing school with untested or immature spiritual belief systems. This exploratory study elicited feedback from nursing students in response to a guided reflection about spiritual health. As a precursor to classroom teaching, participants wrote a short, nongraded anonymous response to a series of 10 broad questions, with no single answer considered right or wrong. At the conclusion of this classroom activity, students completed a survey indicating the extent to which they believed it was beneficial. The majority of the participants (97%) considered it important to identify their own beliefs about spiritual matters prior to entering the clinical setting. As a result of the classroom reflection activity, most of the participants agreed or strongly agreed that the exercise (a) heightened their awareness about spiritual issues, (b) encouraged them to consider spiritual matters they had never thought about before, (c) caused them to feel more confident discussing spiritual matters with patients, and (d) inspired them to learn more and/or seek clarity regarding the questions presented. Based on the findings, nursing faculty should consider adding a similar classroom reflection activity prior to entering the clinical setting where patients and/or family members ask questions about spiritual matters. PMID:25081367

Briggs, Crista L; Lovan, Sherry R

2014-01-10

64

Investigating Students' Reflective Thinking in the Introductory Physics Course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past 30 years, physics education research has guided the development of instructional strategies that can significantly enhance students' functional understanding of concepts in introductory physics. Recently, attention has shifted to instructional goals that, while widely shared by teachers of physics, are often more implicit than explicit in our courses. These goals involve the expectations and attitudes that students have about what it means to learn and understand physics, together with the behaviors and actions students think they should engage in to accomplish this learning. Research has shown that these ``hidden'' elements of the curriculum are remarkably resistant to instruction. In fact, traditional physics courses tend to produce movement away from expert-like behaviors. At Western Washington University, we are exploring ways of promoting metacognition, an aspect of the hidden curriculum that involves the conscious monitoring of one's own thinking and learning. We have found that making this reflective thinking an explicit part of the course may not be enough: adequate framing and scaffolding may be necessary for students to meaningfully engage in metacognition. We have thus taken the basic approach of developing metacognition, like conceptual understanding, through guided inquiry. During our teaching experiments, we have collected written and video data, with twin goals of guiding iterative modifications to the instruction as well as contributing to the knowledge base about student metacognition in introductory physics. This talk will provide examples of metacognition activities from course assignments and labs, and will present written data to assess the effectiveness of instruction and to illustrate specific modes of students' reflective thinking.

Boudreaux, Andrew

2010-10-01

65

Designing a Classroom as a Learner-Centered Learning Environment Prompting Students' Reflective Thinking in K-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Only few studies have explicitly attended to the nature of the perceived underlying factors that prompt young adolescents' reflective thinking in association with K-12 learning environment. This paper focuses on an analysis of the factors that are perceived by young students as prompting their reflective thinking and how those factors apply to the…

Kim, Kyoungna; Grabowski, Barbara L.; Sharma, Priya

2004-01-01

66

An Exploration for a Critical Practicum Pedagogy: Dialogical Relationships and Reflections among a Group of Student Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student teachers' potential to change and reflect on their activities can be positively influenced by the opportunities created in teacher education programs. This paper explores an educative opportunity with the researcher and his practicum advisees by facilitating a continuum of reflective school-based activities through a dialogical…

Tessema, Kedir Assefa

2008-01-01

67

Check the Citation: Library Instruction and Student Paper Bibliographies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the potential value of bibliometric analysis of freshman English research paper bibliographies to assess student behavior in terms of skills and resources addressed in library instruction sessions. Suggests that students' bibliographies provide a flexible, time-efficient assessment method for the documentation of student library use.…

Hovde, Karen

2000-01-01

68

Reflections on a Post September 11 Student-Led Project: Teaching Strategies that Foster Tolerance and Emotional Coping  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixteen preservice teachers participated in a service-learning project to build tolerance in the community as a result of their desire to do something or to make a difference after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. Student reflection papers revealed an increase in student tolerance and feelings of competence after participating in the…

Gilliard, Jennifer L.

2004-01-01

69

BOOK REVIEW: A Student's Guide to Einstein's Major Papers A Student's Guide to Einstein's Major Papers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The core of this volume is formed by four chapters (2-5) with detailed reconstructions of the arguments and derivations in four of Einstein's most important papers, the three main papers of his annus mirabilis 1905 (on the light quantum, Brownian motion, and special relativity) and his first systematic exposition of general relativity of 1916. The derivations are given in sufficient detail and in sufficiently modernized notation (without any serious distortion of the originals) for an undergraduate physics major to read and understand them with far less effort than it would take him or her to understand (English translations of) Einstein's original papers. Each of these four papers is accompanied by a detailed introduction, which covers the conceptual development of the relevant field prior to Einstein's contribution to it and corrects some of the myths surrounding these papers that still have not been fully eradicated among physicists. (One quibble: though Kennedy correctly points out that the goal of the light quantum paper was not to explain the photoelectric effect, it is also not quite right to say that 'it was written to explain the Wien region of blackbody radiation' (p. xv). Einstein used this explanatory feat as the central argument for his light quantum hypothesis.) These four chapters then are the most valuable part of the volume. They could be used, independently of one another, but preferably in conjunction with Einstein's original texts, in courses on quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, electrodynamics, and general relativity, respectively, to add a historical component to such courses. As a historian of science embedded in a physics department who is regularly called upon to give guest lectures in such courses on the history of their subjects, I can highly recommend the volume for this purpose. However, I would not adopt this volume as (one of) the central text(s) for a course on the history of modern physics. For one thing, chapter 1, which in just 26 pages (not counting six pages of notes and references) covers everything from Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler and Newton to Maxwell and Lorentz to Einstein's early biography to a cardboard version of Popper versus Kuhn, is too superficial to be useful for such a course. To a lesser extent, this is also true for chapter 6, which compresses the development of quantum theory after Einstein's 1905 paper into 20 pages (plus seven pages of notes and references) and for chapter 7, a brief epilogue. However, this is not my main worry. One could easily supplement or even replace the bookends of the volume with other richer sources and use this volume mainly for its excellent detailed commentaries on some Einstein classics in the four chapters in between. My more serious reservation about the use of the volume as a whole in a history of physics course, ironically, comes from the exact same feature that made me whole-heartedly recommend its core chapters for physics courses. This is especially true for the chapters on special and general relativity. How useful is it for a student to go through, in as much detail as this volume provides, the Lorentz transformation of Maxwell's equations in vector form? I can see how a student in an E&M class (with a section on special relativity) might benefit from this exercise. The clumsiness of the calculations in vector form by Lorentz and Einstein could help a student encountering Maxwell's equations in tensor form for the first time appreciate the advantages of the latter formalism. Similarly, it would be useful for a student in a GR class to go through the basics of tensor calculus in the old-fashioned but not inelegant mathematical introduction of Einstein's 1916 review article on general relativity. This could reinforce mastery of material that a student in a GR class will have to learn anyway (though Einstein's presentation of the mathematics of both special and general relativity in The Meaning of Relativity would seem to be more suitable for these purposes). It is not so clear what benefit a student in a history of phy

Janssen, Michel

2013-12-01

70

Constructing Collective Understanding in School: Principal and Student Use of Iterative Digital Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principal preparation around the development of reflective practices has traditionally focused on the individual reflective practices of principals. Recently, reflective discourse between principals and students has facilitated principals' understanding of student perspectives regarding school policies and processes. We explore the use of digital…

Janson, Christopher; Parikh, Sejal; Young, James; Fudge, La'Von

2011-01-01

71

Atmospheric sciences students present papers, get career tips  

Microsoft Academic Search

At AGU's Spring Meeting the Atmospheric Sciences Section hosted a series of special sessions to highlight student research and provide advice and information about securing successful careers in the geosciences. Eighteen graduate students presented papers and posters covering field, laboratory, and modeling efforts. Subject areas included aerosol chemistry, morphology, physics, sources and transport of atmospheric species, and issues relating to

Jane M. Van Doren

1998-01-01

72

Call for Papers! Art History Graduate Student Conference!  

E-print Network

Call for Papers! Art History Graduate Student Conference! Tufts University, Medford MA! This year&*"#$#%&%4""'+1$&1)*18&=61)&6+%"'*$6+,& "*06Art History Graduate Student Conference Tufts University, Medford MA Tufts University Art History Graduate Program invites proposals for its graduate

Tufts University

73

Outstanding Student Paper Awards: Biogeosciences and Hydrology (Fall Meeting 2003)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following members in the Biogeosciences and Hydrology Sections received Outstanding Student Paper Awards at the 2003 AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco, California. (Winners in other sections will be announced in subsequent issues of Eos.)

2004-02-01

74

Effects of Reflective Thinking in the Process of Designing Software on Students' Learning Performances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of reflective thinking effects in the process of designing software on students' learning performances. The study contends that reflective thinking is a useful teaching strategy to improve learning performance among lower achieving students. Participants were students from two groups: Higher…

Hsieh, Pei-Hsuan; Chen, Nian-Shing

2012-01-01

75

An Analysis of a Service-Learning Project: Students' Expectations, Concerns, and Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative analysis of written reflective assignments during a service-learning project at a Southeastern university provide insight into students' learning, as well as a means of assessing the experience for student growth and change. Expectations and concerns of students prior to the project were compared with post-experience reflections to…

McClam, Tricia; Diambra, Joel F.; Burton, Bobbie; Fuss, Angie; Fudge, Daniel L.

2008-01-01

76

Reflective Thinking and Journal Writing: Examining Student Teachers' Perceptions of Preferred Reflective Modality, Journal Writing Outcomes, and Journal Structure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Journal writing is generally required of student teachers; however, there is a void in career and technical education research regarding this activity. The purpose of this study was to examine student teachers' journal writing experiences to obtain insight into the process of developing reflective practitioners. The study drew on the work of Dewey…

Greiman, Bradley C.; Covington, Holly K.

2007-01-01

77

Reflective Redo within a Three-Dimensional Simulation and Its Influence on Student Metacognition, Reflection, and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects on a student's metacognition, reflection, and learning in a specifically designed educational simulation supported by unique technology. The simulation allows players' actions to be recorded for the purpose of review to identify mistakes. The simulation also allows students to start at and…

Scoresby, Jon M.

2011-01-01

78

Enhancing Students' Conceptual Understanding by Engaging Science Text with Reflective Writing as a Hermeneutical Circle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Students can have great difficulty reading scientific texts and trying to cope with the professor in the classroom. Part of the reason for students' difficulties is that for a student taking a science gateway course the language, ontology and epistemology of science are akin to a foreign culture. There is thus an analogy between such a student and an anthropologist spending time among a native group in some remote part of the globe. This brings us naturally to the subject of hermeneutics. It is through language that we attempt to understand an alien culture. The hermeneutical circle involves the interplay between our construct of the unfamiliar with our own outlook that deepens with each pass. It can be argued that for novice students to acquire a full understanding of scientific texts, they also need to pursue a recurrent construction of their comprehension of scientific concepts. In this paper it is shown how an activity, reflective-writing, can enhance students' understanding of concepts in their textbook by getting students to approach text in the manner of a hermeneutical circle. This is illustrated using studies made at three post-secondary institutions.

Kalman, Calvin S.

2011-02-01

79

Teaching, Reflecting, and Writing from the Heart: High School Students Learn about and from Preschoolers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective teacher educators reflect and upon reflection, make important changes to lessons, units, and instructional strategies. But have they ever considered the importance reflection has for students or what bearing "their" reflections have on them as their teachers? During the first six weeks of the (introductory) Child Development and…

Wolff, Ann Lesser

2012-01-01

80

Reflecting on Service: Helping Nursing Students Get the Most from Service-Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents tools to assist students with reflection on service learning: Kolb's experiential learning cycle, role playing, journal writing, and a map for planning reflection activities before, during, and after service. (SK)

Eyler, Janet

2002-01-01

81

Examining integrative thinking through the transformation of students' written reflections into concept webs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A shift is currently taking place in which explicit connections between content are being emphasized. Biology is not an isolated discipline, yet undergraduate courses frequently focus on discrete knowledge. Students often engage in rote learning, struggle with transforming and applying content. Integrative thinking occurs when students recognize connections to content. Written reflections provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate this thinking. We transformed student-written reflections into concept webs to gain insights into how students connect biological concepts. We were interested in determining if characteristics of integrative thinking develop through reflections. The results indicate a significant relationship between concepts and integrated relationships. Integrative thinking varied but declined overall. Concept webs allow for an examination of student integrative thinking through the transformation of reflection and provide insights into the connections and relationships that students draw between biological concepts. Reflections can transform learning by facilitating and allowing for the evaluation of integrative thinking.

Brittany Ziegler (Minnesota State University)

2012-12-01

82

Why We Lead: Reflections of Female Student Government Presidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student involvement is encouraged at contemporary colleges and universities. Involvement in student organizations can assist with academic and social integration, as well as retention. One way for students to become involved is through student government associations. As student government members, students participate in the governance process at…

Miles, Jennifer M.

2010-01-01

83

Recapitulating the History of Sickle-Cell Anemia Research: Improving Students' NOS Views Explicitly and Reflectively  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper provides an argument in favor of a specific pedagogical method of using the history of science to help students develop more informed views about nature of science (NOS) issues. The paper describes a series of lesson plans devoted to encouraging students to engage, unbeknownst to them, in similar reasoning that led scientists to understand sickle-cell anemia from the perspective of multiple subdisciplines in biology. Students pursue their understanding of a "mystery disease"; by means of a series of open-ended problems that invite them to discuss it from the perspective of anatomy, physiology, ecology, evolution, and molecular and cell biology. Throughout this unit, instructors incorporate techniques that invite students to explicitly and reflectively discuss various NOS issues with reference to this example and more generally. It is argued on the grounds of constructivist tenets that this pedagogy has substantial advantages over more implicit approaches. The findings of an empirical study using an open-ended survey and follow-up, semi-structured interviews to assess students' pre- and post-instruction NOS conceptions support the efficacy of this approach.

Howe, Eric Michael; Wÿss Rudge, David

84

College physics students' epistemological self-reflection and its relationship to conceptual learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students should develop self-reflection skills and appropriate views about knowledge and learning, both for their own sake and because these skills and views may be related to improvements in conceptual understanding. We explored the latter issue in the context of an introductory physics course for first-year engineering honors students. As part of the course, students submitted weekly reports, in which they reflected on how they learned specific physics content. The reports by 12 students were analyzed for the quality of reflection and some of the epistemological beliefs they exhibited. Students' conceptual learning gains were measured with standard survey instruments. We found that students with high conceptual gains tend to show reflection on learning that is more articulate and epistemologically sophisticated than students with lower conceptual gains. Some implications for instruction are suggested.

May, David; Etkina, Eugenia

2005-11-02

85

Effect of paper color on students' physics exam performances  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Prior work has established the existence of a color-performance relationship in achievement contexts and has demonstrated its presence in some undergraduate course examinations. This study examines the manifestation of such a relationship in an introductory, 430-student, calculus-based electricity and magnetism course during which the paper color used in examinations was varied. In this report, we analyze three separate exams and differentiate between studentsâ multiple choice, written response, conceptual, and computational performances. Also considered are factors such as the time students require to complete exams and their confidence levels prior to and immediately following assessment. Performance in all categories appears to be independent of paper color.

Schmidt, David R.; Ruskell, Todd G.; Kohl, Patrick B.

2013-07-09

86

Teaching reflective practice in practice settings: students' perceptions of their clinical educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reflective practice in practice settings can enhance practice knowledge, self-assessment and lifelong learning, develop future practice capability and professional identity, and critically appraise practice traditions rather than reproduce them. The inherent power imbalance between student and educator runs the risk for the reflective practice potential not being realised. This study explored final year physiotherapy students' perceptions of clinical educators as

Franziska Trede; Megan Smith

2012-01-01

87

They Went, They Saw, They Learned: Medical Students' Reflections on Community Clinic Visits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Medicine has become a profession with increasing accountability to the needs of society. To meet this need, real-world, community-located experiences and reflection are frequently used to promote students' learning and personal growth. This article reports first-year medical students' reflective writing after visiting a primary…

Beylefeld, Adriana A.

2014-01-01

88

Motivating Weak Students: A Critical Discussion and Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The motivation of students is regarded as one of the problems in the higher education. One of the reasons for the increasing number of students with low-level of motivation is that there are many students enrolling in universities without adequate level of preparation. Consequently, because of complex material delivered to students and their low…

Ganah, A.

2012-01-01

89

Nurse educators' perspectives on student development of reflection for psychiatric mental health nursing practice.  

PubMed

Psychiatric nursing, in various parts of the world, including regions of Canada, is recognized as a distinct nursing profession. In psychiatric mental health nursing practice, reflection is considered a foundational skill given the relational nature of nurses' therapeutic work. Communicating the significance of reflection for practice to students and teaching this intangible skill is challenging for educators. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore with psychiatric mental health nurse educators their views on how they develop reflective practitioners. Participants' perspectives and experiences in teaching reflective practice were captured in four themes: building the use of self as an agent of change, building skills of reflection/building the habit of reflection, building a bridge between theory and practice, and building a continuing reflective practice - from student to practitioner. Recommendations include a systematic incorporation of reflection into a curriculum and creating supportive learning environments that facilitate the development of reflective practitioners. PMID:23974046

Karpa, Jane V; Chernomas, Wanda M

2013-01-01

90

Lights, Camera, Action: Facilitating PETE Students' Reflection through Film  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preparing teacher candidates to be reflective professionals is a critical component of physical education teacher education programs. Although many specific strategies have been developed to facilitate post-lesson reflection, strategies for reflecting on future work and professional life have not been widely explored. As a way to facilitate…

Lee, Okseon; Ravizza, Dean; Lee, Myung-Ah

2009-01-01

91

Students' Perception of the Role of Reflection in Leadership Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflection covers both the cognitive process and the broad range of activities that enhance learning resulting from experience. While much of what we know about reflection is rooted in experiential learning, leadership education programs which frame leadership as an experience could benefit from a richer understanding of the role of reflection in…

White, Jillian V.

2012-01-01

92

Effects of Reflection Category and Reflection Quality on Learning Outcomes during Web-Based Portfolio Assessment Process: A Case Study of High School Students in Computer Application Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effects of reflection category and reflection quality on learning outcomes during Web-based portfolio assessment process. Experimental subjects consist of forty-five eight-grade students in a "Computer Application" course. Through the Web-based portfolio assessment system, these students write reflection, and join…

Chou, Pao-Nan; Chang, Chi-Cheng

2011-01-01

93

Self-Reflective Grading: Getting Students to Learn from Their Mistakes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students rarely use their graded exams to study. An alternative method of grading exams, based on self-reflection, encourages students to use their mistakes as a learning resource. In this grading method, the test is returned with each question simply marked as "right" or 'wrong." Students can then go over their exams and resubmit them with…

Cherepinsky, Vera

2011-01-01

94

Old Age Is a Part of Living: Student Reflections on Intergenerational Service-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of student journals examined the effect intergenerational service-learning had upon undergraduate students' attitudes and perceptions of older adults. Students (N = 102) engaged in 12 hours of service-learning with older adults that included writing structured reflection journals. Coding involved open, axial, and selective coding with…

Kalisch, Hilary R.; Coughlin, Deanna R.; Ballard, Sharon M.; Lamson, Angela

2013-01-01

95

ORIGINAL PAPER Spatial reflection patterns of iridescent wings of male pierid  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL PAPER Spatial reflection patterns of iridescent wings of male pierid butterflies: curved communication. The iridescence is due to nanostructured ridges of the cover scales. We have studied the iridescence in the males of a few members of Coliadinae, Gonepteryx aspasia, G. cleopatra, G. rhamni

96

Reflective blogs in clinical education to promote critical thinking in dental hygiene students.  

PubMed

One challenge facing dental hygiene, as well as dental, education is to identify clinical teaching strategies promoting critical thinking and clinical reasoning. These skills are crucial elements in the practice of dental hygiene. A two-group design (intervention, n=28, and control, n=30) assessed first-year dental hygiene students using pre-and post-Health Science Reasoning Test (HSRT) scores to evaluate the effect of reflective blogging on critical thinking skills. A reflective blog rubric, based on Mezirow's levels of reflection, determined if reflective blogging increased the level of reflection for dental hygiene students. The results suggest within this nonprobability sample that reflective blogging did not produce a significant change in students' HSRT scores (p>0.05). However, analyses of reflective blog rubric scores demonstrated statistically significant improvements (p<0.05) in students' levels of reflection. Furthermore, data analysis revealed a correlation (p<0.05) between HSRT subscale scores and the element of reflection scores for the intervention group. This study addressed needs of the dental and dental hygiene education community by examining the use of blogs, an emerging technology, as a tool for reflecting on clinical experiences and, in turn, for promoting critical thinking. PMID:21123501

Wetmore, Ann O'Kelley; Boyd, Linda D; Bowen, Denise M; Pattillo, Robin E

2010-12-01

97

Portable paper-based device for quantitative colorimetric assays relying on light reflectance principle.  

PubMed

This paper presents a novel paper-based analytical device based on the colorimetric paper assays through its light reflectance. The device is portable, low cost (<20 dollars), and lightweight (only 176 g) that is available to assess the cost-effectiveness and appropriateness of the original health care or on-site detection information. Based on the light reflectance principle, the signal can be obtained directly, stably and user-friendly in our device. We demonstrated the utility and broad applicability of this technique with measurements of different biological and pollution target samples (BSA, glucose, Fe, and nitrite). Moreover, the real samples of Fe (II) and nitrite in the local tap water were successfully analyzed, and compared with the standard UV absorption method, the quantitative results showed good performance, reproducibility, and reliability. This device could provide quantitative information very conveniently and show great potential to broad fields of resource-limited analysis, medical diagnostics, and on-site environmental detection. PMID:24375226

Li, Bowei; Fu, Longwen; Zhang, Wei; Feng, Weiwei; Chen, Lingxin

2014-04-01

98

Teacher Expectations II: Construction and Reflection of Student Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypotheses regarding self-fulfilling prophecies, perceptual biases, and accuracy were tested using longitudinal data relating 98 6th-grade math teachers’ expectations to 1,731 students’ performance. Consistent with the self-fulfilling prophecy hypothesis, teacher expectations predicted changes in student achievement beyond effects accounted for by previous achievement and motivation. Consistent with the perceptual bias hypothesis, teacher expectations predicted their own evaluations of students’ performance

Lee Jussim; Jacquelynne S. Eccles

1992-01-01

99

The Utility of Reflective Writing after a Palliative Care Experience: Can We Assess Medical Students' Professionalism?  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background Medical education leaders have called for a curriculum that proactively teaches knowledge, skills, and attitudes required for professional practice and have identified professionalism as a competency domain for medical students. Exposure to palliative care (PC), an often deeply moving clinical experience, is an optimal trigger for rich student reflection, and students' reflective writings can be explored for professional attitudes. Objective Our aim was to evaluate the merit of using student reflective writing about a PC clinical experience to teach and assess professionalism. Methods After a PC patient visit, students wrote a brief reflective essay. We explored qualitatively if/how evidence of students' professionalism was reflected in their writing. Five essays were randomly chosen to develop a preliminary thematic structure, which then guided analysis of 30 additional, randomly chosen essays. Analysts coded transcripts independently, then collaboratively, developed thematic categories, and selected illustrative quotes for each theme and subtheme. Results Essays revealed content reflecting more rich information about students' progress toward achieving two professionalism competencies (demonstrating awareness of one's own perspectives and biases; demonstrating caring, compassion, empathy, and respect) than two others (displaying self-awareness of performance; recognizing and taking actions to correct deficiencies in one's own behavior, knowledge, and skill). Conclusions Professional attitudes were evident in all essays. The essays had limited use for formal summative assessment of professionalism competencies. However, given the increasing presence of PC clinical experiences at medical schools nationwide, we believe this assessment strategy for professionalism has merit and deserves further investigation. PMID:23937062

Gill, Anne C.; Teal, Cayla R.; Morrison, Laura J.

2013-01-01

100

International Students: What Do We Owe Them? An Educator's Reflections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggestions are offered to improve the educational experience of international students in North American library and information science programs. Reevaluation of course content, improved communication of program information to students, consideration of foreign realities and governmental practices, improved English language and keyboarding…

Nasri, William Z.

1993-01-01

101

Bringing Students into a Discipline: Reflections on a Travel Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This commentary describes a two-week domestic travel study course for undergraduate sociology students designed to introduce students to the practice of social research and to the larger discipline of sociology. We arranged activities, presentations, and experiences in Chicago and Washington, DC. In this article, we outline the relevant parts of…

Chernega, Jennifer Nargang; Osgood, Aurea K.

2012-01-01

102

Nursing student voices: reflections on an international service learning experience.  

PubMed

For the past decade participation in service and experiential learning in higher education has increased. The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experience of BSN and MSN students participating in a multidisciplinary service-learning course in a rural, underserved village in Belize. Researchers analyzed student journals utilizing qualitative data analysis techniques. There were eight consistent themes found in the student journals. The findings indicate that international service learning opportunities increase students' awareness of their place in a global society and the potential contribution they can make in society. For the past decade, service and experiential learning in higher education, including nursing education, has become increasingly important. Simply put, service and experiential learning combine community service activities with a student's academic study for the sole purpose of enriching the academic experience. As faculty, we feel the goal of baccalaureate and graduate nursing education is to produce an educated professional who will become a responsible citizen. PMID:23367657

Main, E Eve; Garrett-Wright, Dawn; Kerby, Molly

2013-01-01

103

[Application of Fourier transform attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy in analysis of pulp and paper industry].  

PubMed

As one of the most powerful tools to investigate the compositions of raw materials and the property of pulp and paper, infrared spectroscopy has played an important role in pulp and paper industry. However, the traditional transmission infrared spectroscopy has not met the requirements of the producing processes because of its disadvantages of time consuming and sample destruction. New technique would be needed to be found. Fourier transform attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) is an advanced spectroscopic tool for nondestructive evaluation and could rapidly, accurately estimate the production properties of each process in pulp and paper industry. The present review describes the application of ATR-FTIR in analysis of pulp and paper industry. The analysis processes will include: pulping, papermaking, environmental protecting, special processing and paper identifying. PMID:21595211

Zhang, Yong; Cao, Chun-yu; Feng, Wen-ying; Xu, Ming; Su, Zhen-hua; Liu, Xiao-meng; Lü, Wei-jun

2011-03-01

104

Reflections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners play a game and use pattern blocks to explore mirror images and reflection. First, learners play the mirror game and try to follow everything the "leader" does but in a way that will look like a mirror image (reflections, not copies). Then, learners make reflections of each other's pattern block designs.

Exploratorium

2010-01-01

105

Reflections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this quick activity, Dracula has a hole in his house and learners help solve the problem by using a mirror and protractor to reflect incoming light out of his house. This activity introduces learners to vocabulary associated with light and optics including reflected ray, angle of incident, and angle of reflection. This Dracula-themed activity also works well during Halloween.

Carlyn Little

1997-01-01

106

Goals, Reflection, and Students' Mathematics Self-Efficacy  

E-print Network

about their goal progression as well as their overall academic achievement. Three questionnaires were given during the semester; students rated their confidence about completing 15 mathematical tasks as well as their beliefs on the value of goal setting...

Schippers, Jessica Lynn

2012-05-31

107

The Portfolio as a Tool for Stimulating Reflection by Student Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a research project that studied the nature of reflection in the portfolios of student teachers: 39 learning portfolios were analysed. Current theories on reflection offered little on which to base a system of categories for analysing the content of the portfolios. Theory on learning activities was used. We found that the…

Mansvelder-Longayroux, Desiree D.; Beijaard, Douwe; Verloop, Nico

2007-01-01

108

Exploring studentsreflective thinking practice, deep processing strategies, effort, and achievement goal orientations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research indicates that study processing strategies, effort, reflective thinking practice, and achievement goals are important factors contributing to the prediction of students’ academic success. Very few studies have combined these theoretical orientations within one conceptual model. This study tested a conceptual model that included, in particular, deep processing strategies, effort, mastery and performance?approach goals, reflection, and critical thinking. We

Huy Phuong Phan

2009-01-01

109

Exploring the Impact of Faculty Reflection on Weekly Student Evaluations of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study considered Larrivee's assessment of teachers' reflective practice levels by using a formative, weekly, online student evaluation of teaching (SET) tool through a virtual learning environment (VLE) as a means to encourage reflective practice. In-depth interviews were conducted with six faculty members in three departments at…

Winchester, Tiffany M.; Winchester, Maxwell

2011-01-01

110

The Effect of Specific Feedback on Critical Reflection of Physical Therapy Students during Internships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An essential component of expert professional practice is a practitioner's ability to critically reflect on one's performance. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of specific electronic feedback provided by the coordinator of clinical education on students' critical reflection ability displayed in weekly journal writings during…

Dye, Deanna; Scott, Karen Wilson; Ostrom, Lee; Devine, Nancy; Leight, Jennifer

2011-01-01

111

Four science teachers' perceptions and reflections about teaching science to middle school students: A case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This qualitative case study examined four middle school science teachers from Southern New Jersey perceptions and reflections about their selections of instructional strategies used to teach scientific concepts to seventh and eighth grade students. They reflected upon their pedagogy by reviewing videotaped lessons, reflective journaling, and participating in in-depth interviews. The findings in this study indicated that reflecting upon instruction contributes to the knowledge base of teaching, improves teachers' individual practices, and helps practitioners become deliberate about their instructional practices. Teacher should have opportunities to observe, investigate and practice using components they perceive as useful instructional strategies to teach scientific concepts to middle school students. When teachers engage in reflection, pedagogical strategies transform and teachers lean toward choosing instructional strategies that are less teacher-centered toward that of more student-centered. In conclusion, it is evident that engaging in student-centered dialogue, argumentation, and researched-based projects improved the way students learned. The participants found that constructivist, hands-on inquiry and reasoning, are skills that middle school students can readily engage in and students can develop skills that help them to think and act more like scientist.

Theadford, Brita A.

112

Are Wikis and Weblogs an appropriate approach to foster collaboration, reflection and students' motivation?  

E-print Network

Are Wikis and Weblogs an appropriate approach to foster collaboration, reflection and students of Education Weingarten are presented, which investigate the impact of wikis and weblogs on students' learning processes, the second one concentrates on collaboration and knowledge sharing by utilizing wikis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

113

Reflections on Supporting a Visually Impaired Student Complete a Biological Psychology Module  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While there are a number of technologies that have been used, with varying levels of success, to support visually impaired students, the purpose of this article is to reflect upon the authors' experiences of supporting a visually impaired student through a nine-month level two undergraduate biological psychology module. The authors developed a…

Betts, Lucy R.; Cross, Amanda

2010-01-01

114

Chinese Teachers' Evaluation Criteria as Reflected in Narrative Student Evaluations: Implications for Psychological Services in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To increase school psychologists' understanding of school contextual culture in China, this study used a qualitative research method to investigate 30 Chinese elementary school teachers' evaluation criteria as reflected in narrative student evaluations. In the study, 450 narrative student evaluations were coded and analysed. Overall, results…

Ni, Hong; Jones, Constance; Bruning, Roger

2013-01-01

115

A Simple Student Laboratory on Osmotic Flow, Osmotic Pressure, and the Reflection Coefficient.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a laboratory exercise containing a practical series of experiments that novice students can perform within two hours. The exercise provides a confirmation of van't Hoff's law while placing more emphasis on osmotic flow than pressure. Students can determine parameters such as the reflection coefficient which stress the interaction of both…

Feher, Joseph J.; Ford, George D.

1995-01-01

116

Implementing Reflective Portfolios for Promoting Autonomous Learning among EFL College Students in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article depicts challenges for students and teachers involved in developing a reflective portfolio to promote autonomous learning in Taiwan. One hundred and one students in a Taiwan university completed their individual portfolio projects. A pre-course questionnaire, post-course self-evaluation, and the instructor's field notes were the data…

Lo, Ya-Fen

2010-01-01

117

The Effects of a Competency-Oriented Learning Environment and Tutor Feedback on Students' Reflection Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the effects of a competency-oriented course and the effects of feedback training on students' reflection skills. Thirty-one nursing students enrolled in a conventional course with lectures and assignments following a traditional test. Subsequently, they enrolled in a competency-oriented course, which included more…

Smits, Marieke; Sluijsmans, Dominique; Jochems, Wim

2009-01-01

118

Students' Reflections on Implementation of Group Investigation in Korean Secondary Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student reflective ideas were examined with respect to Group Investigation (GI), which was employed in 11th grade Korean earth science classrooms. A modified GI method was implemented during the course of an action research effort consisting of two yearlong projects. Students' writings, which had been produced twice a year, were analyzed to reveal…

Oh, Phil Seok; Shin, Myeong-Kyeong

2005-01-01

119

Women Graduate Students in Mathematics and Physics: Reflections on Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Female mathematics and physics graduate students participating in focus groups identified common themes that played important roles in their decisions to go into scientific careers. These factors included the amount of encouragement they received from others, attributes of their undergraduate school, their experiences of competition and…

Hollenshead, Carol; Younce, Patricia Soellner; Wenzel, Stacy A.

1994-01-01

120

Reflecting on Research for Doctoral Students in Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This response to the theme issue, Research for Doctoral Students in Education, argues that the continua presented in the articles fail to legitimize practitioner research, that is, research done by school practitioners on site. Issues relating to differences in rigor, status, and purpose between practitioner and other research are discussed.

Gary L. Anderson

2002-01-01

121

Middle School Co-Teaching: Effective Practices and Student Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One way to meet the unique challenges in diverse classrooms is co-teaching. Friend and Cook (2010) described co-teaching as an approach that provides specialized services to individual students in a general education classroom. Specifically, co-teaching involves two or more educators working collaboratively to deliver instruction to a…

Conderman, Greg

2011-01-01

122

Reflections on the Life Histories of Today's LGBQ Postsecondary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative multiple-case study utilized a life history methodology in which written and oral narratives were obtained from six postsecondary students who self-identified as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and/or queer (LGBQ). Through the construction of life histories, the researcher endeavored to understand how past experiences and behaviors shaped…

Olive, James L.

2012-01-01

123

Children's School December 2014 Student Teacher Reflections, continued ...  

E-print Network

in my future teaching.! Research Spotlight The Let's Balance Game One of the Research Methods groups of Research Methods students tested if there are differences in preschool children's willingness to share sharing skills among peers. The Faces Game Yet another Research Methods group designed a study related

124

Reflections on My Werner H. Kirsten Student Internship | Poster  

Cancer.gov

Failure isn’t just a possibility, it is a certainty; yet failure is what leads you to success. Above all else, that is what I will retain from my experience in the Werner H. Kirsten Student Intern Program (WHK SIP).

125

Analysis of Student Service-Learning Reflections for the Assessment of Transferable-Skills Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The civil and environmental engineering (CEE) programs at the University of Vermont (UVM) incorporate systems thinking and a systems approach to sustainable engineering problem solving. A systems approach considers long-term social, environmental and economic factors within the context of the engineering problem solution and encompasses sustainable engineering solutions. Our goal is to prepare students to become leaders in their chosen field who can anticipate co-products associated with forecasted solutions. As a way of practicing the systems approach, we include service-learning projects in many of our undergraduate engineering courses, culminating with the senior capstone design course. We use a variety of formative and summative assessment methods to gage student understanding and attitudes including student surveys, focus groups, assessment of student projects, and student reflections. Student reflections from two courses -Modeling Environmental and Transportation Systems (31 juniors) and Senior Design Project (30 seniors) are compared. Of these, 25 students were common to both courses. The focus of the systems modeling service-learning project involved mentoring home-schooled children (11-14 yrs old) to solve problems of mobility, using the fun and inspiration of biomimicry. Students were required to invent innovative methods to move people or goods that improve associated constraints (i.e., minimize congestion, reduce pollution, increase safety), or reduce the need for transportation altogether. The capstone design project required a comprehensive engineering design involving two or more CEE sub-disciplines. Both service-learning projects were intended to enhance students’ academic learning experience, attain civic engagement and reinforce transferable skills (written and oral communication, teamwork, leadership and mentoring skills). The student course reflections were not guided; yet they provided valuable data to assess commonalities and differences in student attitudes toward their service-learning projects, specifically, the development of transferable skills. In the spirit of service-learning pedagogy, we divide the contents of students’ written reflections into three categories - academic enhancement, civic engagement and personal growth skills. The commonalities focused mostly on civic engagement. Differences are observed primarily in academic enhancement and personal growth categories. Students working on the biomimicry design project reflected on personal growth (e.g. leadership skills, mentoring, creativity, organizational skills, communication to nontechnical audience), but did not credit it with academic enhancement. In contrast, the senior design reflections concentrated on academics, specifically, students appreciated the enhancement of technical skills as a part of their engineering experience.

Rizzo, D. M.; Dewoolkar, M.; Hayden, N.; Oka, L.; Pearce, A. R.

2010-12-01

126

When Does Student Satisfaction Matter? AIR 1995 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between student satisfaction and performance and persistence were studied at a large midwestern, urban commuter university. A student satisfaction survey was completed by 1,643 students (out of 3,004 students), who rated their level of satisfaction with 48 specific and 5 general aspects of their college experiences. Performance…

Wince, Michael H.; Borden, Victor M. H.

127

Learning Partnership: Students and Faculty Learning Together to Facilitate Reflection and Higher Order Thinking in a Blended Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses a learning partnership among faculty and students to influence reflective practice in a blended course. Faculty redesigned a traditional face-to-face (FTF) introductory physician assistant course into a blended course to promote increased reflection and higher order thinking. Early student reflective writing suggested a need…

McDonald, Paige L.; Straker, Howard O.; Schlumpf, Karen S.; Plack, Margaret M.

2014-01-01

128

A Practice-Based Approach to Student Reflection in the Workplace during a Work-Integrated Learning Placement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the Work-Integrated Learning (WIL) curriculum, reflection on workplace activities is widely used to support student learning. Recent critiques have demonstrated the limitations of current approaches to support students' reflective learning of workplace practices. By employing a practice-based approach, we seek to refocus WIL reflection on…

Sykes, Christopher; Dean, Bonnie Amelia

2013-01-01

129

Creating Rainbows from Words and Transforming Understandings: Enhancing Student Learning through Reflective Writing in an Aboriginal Music Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflective journal writing is acknowledged as a powerful method for promoting student learning in higher education contexts. Numerous scholars highlight the benefits of reflective writing and journaling for students and teachers in a wide range of teaching areas. There is however, little discussion of how reflective writing is used in teaching and…

Barney, Katelyn; Mackinlay, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

130

An online evidence based medicine exercise prompts reflection in third year medical students  

PubMed Central

Background Reflective practice is a desirable trait in physicians, yet there is little information about how it is taught to or learned by medical students. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an online Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) exercise with a face-to-face debriefing session would prompt third year medical students to reflect on their current skills and lead them to further reflection on clinical decision making in the future. Methods All third year medical students at the University Of Maryland School Of Medicine who completed their pediatrics clerkship between 7/1/09 and 2/11/11 were required to complete the EBM exercise. Following completion each student received a personal report (Learning Profile) of their responses and attended a one hour large group debriefing session. Student responses to a survey following the debriefing sessions were analyzed using a post-test survey design with a single experimental cohort. Results Ninety-five percent of students completing the debriefing survey indicated that the debriefing session helped them better understand their learning profiles; 68% stated that their profiles allowed them to evaluate themselves and their decisions. Sixty-three percent noted that participating in the exercise and the debrief would lead them to either learn more about EBM and use EBM more in the future or reflect more on their own decision making. Conclusions The EBM exercise was a successful way to introduce the concept of reflective practice to third year medical students, and the graphic Learning Profiles were effective instigators of discussion and reflection. PMID:25106435

2014-01-01

131

Success with academic English: reflections of deaf college students.  

PubMed

The study identified social, educational, and demographic characteristics of deaf postsecondary students who demonstrated strong reading and writing skills. Questionnaire information, information from institutional databases, and in-depth personal interviews were used to identify factors and characteristics that positively influenced the attainment of strong academic literacy skills. Among the areas investigated were school experiences, reading and writing experiences, study habits and attitudes, communication preferences, personality traits, and home and family background. Results of the study generally support previous work conducted with talented hearing youth. Several primary themes emerged from the study: heavy parental involvement in early education and educational decisions, differing modes of communication but extensive family communication, early exposure to and intensive experiences with reading and writing, an enjoyment of reading, a relatively limited social life, high parental and secondary school expectations, the importance of television, and positive self-image. PMID:12061192

Toscano, Rose Marie; McKee, Barbara; Lepoutre, Dominique

2002-03-01

132

Using Reflection with Peers to Help Students Learn Effective Problem Solving Strategies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We describe a study in which introductory physics students engage in reflection with peers about problem solving. The recitations for an introductory physics course with 200 students were broken into the âPeer Reflection" (PR) group and the traditional group. Each week in recitation, students in the PR group reflected in small teams on selected problems from the homework. The graduate and undergraduate teaching assistants (TAs) in the PR group recitations provided guidance and coaching to help students learn effective problem solving heuristics. In the recitations for the traditional group, students had the opportunity to ask the graduate TA questions about the homework before they took a weekly quiz. On the final exam with only multiple-choice questions, the PR group drew diagrams on more problems than the traditional group, even when there was no external reward for doing so. Since there was no partial credit for drawing the diagrams on the scratch books, students did not draw diagrams simply to get credit for the effort shown and must value the use of diagrams for solving problems if they drew them. We also find that, regardless of whether the students belonged to the traditional or PR groups, those who drew more diagrams for the multiple-choice questions outperformed those who did not draw them.

Mason, Andrew J.; Singh, Chandralekha

2011-01-01

133

Learning and Teaching with Corpora: Reflections by Student Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, it has become an issue of growing concern that, despite undiminished enthusiasm in the research community, the application of corpus tools and resources in the classroom remains limited. In this paper, I will argue that focusing on the role of the teacher in the process of using corpora in the classroom is an essential step…

Breyer, Yvonne

2009-01-01

134

F. W. Lancaster as Scholar, Teacher, and Mentor: Reflections of Students  

E-print Network

of Lancaster’s advisees reflects a significant number of international students. They arrived in the United States from Brazil, Canada, Mexico, India, Pakistan, China, Malaysia, Philippines, South Af- rica, The Dominican Republic, and Taiwan. Reflections... “Happy Father’s Day,” stating that my own dad had died the previous December after the death of my mom sixteen months earlier. Without blinking, he said, “I’ll be your father!” The remark caught me by surprise, but I looked up, smiled and recognized...

Haricombe, Lorraine J.; Prabha, Chandra

2008-01-01

135

Examining Students' Reflective Thinking from Keywords Tagged to Blogs: Using Map Analysis as a Content Analysis Method  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflective learning refers to a learner's purposeful and conscious manipulation of ideas toward meaningful learning. Blogs have been used to support reflective thinking, but the commonly seen blog software usually does not provide overt mechanisms for students' high-level reflections. A new tool was designed to support the reflective

Xie, Ying; Sharma, Priya

2013-01-01

136

Simulated Sustainable Societies: Students' Reflections on Creating Future Cities in Computer Games  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The empirical study, in this article, involved 42 students (ages 14-15), who used the urban simulation computer game SimCity 4 to create models of sustainable future cities. The aim was to explore in what ways the simulated "real" worlds provided by this game could be a potential facilitator for science learning contexts. The topic investigated is in what way interactions in this gaming environment, and reflections about these interactions, can form a context where the students deal with real world problems, and where they can contextualise and apply their scientific knowledge. Focus group interviews and video recordings were used to gather data on students' reflections on their cities, and on sustainable development. The findings indicate that SimCity 4 actually contributes to creating meaningful educational situations in science classrooms, and that computer games can constitute an important artefact that may facilitate contextualisation and make students' use of science concepts and theories more explicit.

Nilsson, Elisabet M.; Jakobsson, Anders

2011-02-01

137

Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An educational experiment illustrates the electrolysis of water and copper chloride to middle school science students. The electrolysis cell is composed of filter paper soaked with Na[subscript 2]SO[subscript 4] or CuCl[subscript 2] aqueous solution sandwiched, along with a sheet of platinum foil, between two coin-type lithium batteries. When the…

Kamata, Masahiro; Yajima, Seiko

2013-01-01

138

New Directions for Student Support: A Center Concept Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the range of student learning, behavior, and emotional problems experienced each day by teachers and families, meeting the challenge of supplying appropriate support is complex. Efforts to do so may be handicapped by the way in which student support interventions currently are conceived, organized, and implemented. Student supports are…

Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA, 2002

2002-01-01

139

Connections: A Comprehensive Student Portal. Concept Paper and Proposal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A student Web portal is a personalized, student-centric view of College Web resources. The "Artemis" system at Florida Community College at Jacksonville (FCCJ), represents movement toward realization of the efficiencies and student service possibilities of a Web portal. This proposal recommends a radical expansion of Artemis functions, one that…

Harr, Gary Lynn

140

Recapitulating the History of Sickle-Cell Anemia Research: Improving Students' NOS Views Explicitly and Reflectively  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an argument in favor of a specific pedagogical method of using the history of science to help students develop more informed views about nature of science (NOS) issues. The paper describes a series of lesson plans devoted to encouraging students to engage, "unbeknownst to them", in similar reasoning that led scientists to…

Howe, Eric Michael; Rudge, David Wyss

2005-01-01

141

Towards High-Quality Reflective Learning amongst Law Undergraduate Students: Analysing Students' Reflective Journals during a Problem-Based Learning Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is wide agreement that problem-based learning is a key strategy to promote individual abilities for "learning how to learn". This paper presents the main contributions that reflective journals and the problem-based learning approach can make to foster professional knowledge and quality learning in higher education. Thirty-six…

Rué, Joan; Font, Antoni; Cebrián, Gisela

2013-01-01

142

Blended Delivery and Online Assessment: Scaffolding Student Reflections in Work-Integrated Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper documents a teaching innovation addressing the challenges of embedding and assessing reflective practice in work-integrated learning, specifically marketing internships. We identify four issues relating to this problem: lack of knowledge or skill for reflection, limitations of physical journals, facilitation of different forms of…

Larkin, Ingrid; Beatson, Amanda

2014-01-01

143

Building on Successes: Reflections from Two Approaches to Study Abroad for Undergraduate and Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay offers suggestions for faculty who are designing study abroad (SA) experiences by outlining a three-week Maymester study abroad to Reggio Emilia, Italy, and a semester-long study abroad to Brussels, Belgium. The authors reflect on commonalities in planning, recruiting, preparing students, and conducting each trip, as well as some of the…

Linder, Sandra; McGaha, Julie

2013-01-01

144

Student and Teacher Reflections on Indirectness as a Pragmatic Feature of Pharmacist-Patient Simulations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a research process where focussed reflection on pharmacist-patient simulations led to meta-pragmatic awareness and directions for pedagogical practice. The research participants were third-year EAL pharmacy students, who were practising being pharmacists, and pharmacy staff members, who played the part of patients. Analysis…

Hussin, Virginia

2013-01-01

145

Through Psychological Lenses: University Students' Reflections Following the "Psychology of the Holocaust" Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While Holocaust related activities and educational programs around the world are growing in number, published reports on their impact are scarce, especially on the university level. The free responses of 94 Jewish-Israeli university students who took the course "Psychology of the Holocaust" yielded eight themes. The results reflect a change of…

Lazar, Alon; Litvak-Hirsch, Tal; Bar-On, Dan; Beyth-Marom, Ruth

2009-01-01

146

The Effect of Reflective Strategies Training on Reading Comprehension of Male and Female Iranian Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reading is an important skill and it receives a special focus in many second or foreign language teaching situations. Obviously, there are two problems in teaching reading skill in educational centers in Iran: 1) most teachers still employ traditional methods in teaching this skill; 2) teachers are not aware of the difference between their male and female students' reflective abilities

Iraj Noroozi

147

Design and Reflection Help Students Develop Scientific Abilities: Learning in Introductory Physics Laboratories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design activities, when embedded in an inquiry cycle and appropriately scaffolded and supplemented with reflection, can promote the development of the habits of mind (scientific abilities) that are an important part of scientific practice. Through the Investigative Science Learning Environment (ISLE), students construct physics knowledge by engaging in inquiry cycles that replicate the approach used by physicists to construct knowledge.

Eugenia Etkina; Anna Karelina; Maria Ruibal-Villasenor; David Rosengrant; Rebecca Jordan; Cindy E. Hmelo-Silver

2010-01-01

148

Design and Reflection Help Students Develop Scientific Abilities: Learning in Introductory Physics Laboratories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Design activities, when embedded in an inquiry cycle and appropriately scaffolded and supplemented with reflection, can promote the development of the habits of mind (scientific abilities) that are an important part of scientific practice. Through the Investigative Science Learning Environment ("ISLE"), students construct physics knowledge by…

Etkina, Eugenia; Karelina, Anna; Ruibal-Villasenor, Maria; Rosengrant, David; Jordan, Rebecca; Hmelo-Silver, Cindy E.

2010-01-01

149

Reflective Activities: Helping Students Connect with Texts. Classroom Practices in Teaching English, Volume 30.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers successful classroom practices that encourage students to learn purposefully and constructively by reflecting on their own learning processes and by making connections between what they read (whether verbal or visual texts) and the lives they lead. Extending from middle and high school through college composition and English…

Reid, Louann, Ed.; Golub, Jeffrey N., Ed.

150

A New Theory-to-Practice Model for Student Affairs: Integrating Scholarship, Context, and Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we synthesize existing theory-to-practice approaches within the student affairs literature to arrive at a new model that incorporates formal and informal theory, institutional context, and reflective practice. The new model arrives at a balance between the rigor necessary for scholarly theory development and the adaptability…

Reason, Robert D.; Kimball, Ezekiel W.

2012-01-01

151

Exploring Students' Reflective Thinking Practice, Deep Processing Strategies, Effort, and Achievement Goal Orientations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research indicates that study processing strategies, effort, reflective thinking practice, and achievement goals are important factors contributing to the prediction of students' academic success. Very few studies have combined these theoretical orientations within one conceptual model. This study tested a conceptual model that included, in…

Phan, Huy Phuong

2009-01-01

152

Cooperative Learning, Jigsaw Strategies, and Reflections of Graduate and Undergraduate Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classes of undergraduate and graduate students assigned to three professors were used to experience cooperative learning, jigsaw strategies, and to reflect on the process that occurred over a semester. The work is based upon theories of social interdependence, cognitive development, and behavioral learning. Pre- and post surveys were completed by…

Morgan, Bobbette M.; Rodriguez, Alma D.; Rosenberg, Graciela P.

2008-01-01

153

An Evaluation of the Influence of Case Method Instruction on the Reflective Thinking of MSW Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work practice requires that graduates be prepared to deal with complex, multifaceted problems which cannot be defined completely, do not have absolute, correct answers and can be approached from multiple perspectives. This study evaluated the influence of case-based instruction on MSW students' reflective judgment, an aspect of critical…

Milner, Marleen

2009-01-01

154

We lived and breathed medicine - then life catches up: Medical studentsreflections  

PubMed Central

Background Reflective writing enhances personal and professional development. It is essential for the teachers to be familiar with the students’ perceptions to improve the students’ learning. Our aim was to deepen the understanding of the medical students’ perceptions of the studies and the coming profession. Methods Our theoretical perspective is constructivist, based upon the relativist view that individuals construct realities to understand and navigate the world. Constructivist methodologies are hermeneutic, with the focus on understanding rather than explaining. Thirty-five written reflections were collected in the first and fifth semesters at Lund University Medical School, Sweden. We used a thematic analysis, close to editing style analysis, inspired by K Malterud, who has modified Giorgi’s phenomenological method. Results For first-semester students the focus is on studies and methods to structure them. The fifth semester is permeated by strategies for achieving a sense of ‘good enough’, qualities of a good doctor and applicability. Clinical placement as a motivating element is important for both semesters. Conclusions A sense of ‘good enough’ is crucial for students to get by. Reflective writing can illuminate the strategies for achieving this. Clinical placement is vital for motivation. PMID:24690405

2014-01-01

155

Encouraging Students to Apply Human Sexuality Material to Themselves by Using Integration Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the use of integration papers in human sexuality courses. Integration papers allow students to apply the material they have learned in the course to themselves, which can make the learning experience more powerful. The papers also allow instructors to assess what students have learned by taking the course instead of prior…

Hughes, Jennifer L.

2008-01-01

156

Do Charter Schools Improve Student Achievement? Evidence from a National Randomized Study. Working Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings from the first national randomized study of the impacts of charter schools on student achievement, which included 36 charter middle schools across 15 states. The paper compares students who applied and were admitted to these schools through randomized admissions lotteries with students who applied and were not…

Clark, Melissa A.; Gleason, Philip; Tuttle, Christina Clark; Silverberg, Marsha K.

2011-01-01

157

Lotteries in Student Assignment: An Equivalence Result. NBER Working Paper No. 16140  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper formally examines two competing methods of conducting a lottery in assigning students to schools, motivated by the design of the centralized high school student assignment system in New York City. The main result of the paper is that a single and multiple lottery mechanism are equivalent for the problem of allocating students to schools…

Pathak, Parag A.; Sethuraman, Jay

2010-01-01

158

The Economics of Authorship: Online Paper Mills, Student Writers, and First-Year Composition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using sample student analyses of online paper mill Web sites, student survey responses, and existing scholarship on plagiarism, authorship, and intellectual property, this article examines how the consumerist rhetoric of the online paper mills construes academic writing as a commodity for sale, and why such rhetoric appeals to students in…

Ritter, Kelly

2005-01-01

159

Student Transience in North Carolina: The Effect of School Mobility on Student Outcomes Using Longitudinal Data. Working Paper 22  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the school mobility rates for elementary and middle school students in North Carolina and attempts to estimate the effect of school mobility on the performance of different groups of students using student fixed effects models. School mobility is defined as changing schools at times that are non-promotional (e.g., moving…

Xu, Zeyu; Hannaway, Jane; D'Souza, Stephanie

2009-01-01

160

Learning psychology as a challenging process towards development as well as "studies as usual": a thematic analysis of medical students' reflective writing.  

PubMed

Reflective writing in medical training has been shown to be most effective when combined with some form of personal meeting or dialog. During a course in medical psychology for medical students, reflective texts were followed up by an individual personal talk with a teacher from the course. Thematic analysis of the texts revealed four separate sub-themes: 1) the course has enabled me and the class to develop, which is good albeit arduous; 2) understanding myself is a resource in understanding people as well as knowing psychology; 3) the course provided me with new, purely intellectual skills as well as eye-openers; and 4) the receiving teacher is an integral part of my reflective writing. The main theme, capturing the students' writing process, concluded that students perceive the course as "Learning psychology as a challenging process towards development" as well as "studies as usual". Ethical, psychological, and pedagogical aspects are discussed in the paper. PMID:25540601

Semb, Olof; Kaiser, Niclas; Andersson, Sven-Olof; Sundbom, Elisabet

2014-01-01

161

Learning psychology as a challenging process towards development as well as “studies as usual”: a thematic analysis of medical studentsreflective writing  

PubMed Central

Reflective writing in medical training has been shown to be most effective when combined with some form of personal meeting or dialog. During a course in medical psychology for medical students, reflective texts were followed up by an individual personal talk with a teacher from the course. Thematic analysis of the texts revealed four separate sub-themes: 1) the course has enabled me and the class to develop, which is good albeit arduous; 2) understanding myself is a resource in understanding people as well as knowing psychology; 3) the course provided me with new, purely intellectual skills as well as eye-openers; and 4) the receiving teacher is an integral part of my reflective writing. The main theme, capturing the students’ writing process, concluded that students perceive the course as “Learning psychology as a challenging process towards development” as well as “studies as usual”. Ethical, psychological, and pedagogical aspects are discussed in the paper.

Semb, Olof; Kaiser, Niclas; Andersson, Sven-Olof; Sundbom, Elisabet

2014-01-01

162

Helping Students Succeed through Using Reflective Practice to Enhance Metacognition and Create Realistic Predictions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding how students can better manage their expectations has been a topic of interest in pedagogy for some time, yet solutions remain elusive. This paper describes a recent study which aimed to help students make more realistic predictions by increasing their metacognition. At the outset, participants completed a metacognitive awareness…

Mair, Carolyn

2012-01-01

163

Old age is a part of living: student reflections on intergenerational service-learning.  

PubMed

Analysis of student journals examined the effect intergenerational service-learning had upon undergraduate students' attitudes and perceptions of older adults. Students (N = 102) engaged in 12 hours of service-learning with older adults that included writing structured reflection journals. Coding involved open, axial, and selective coding with common themes identified from the journals. Results revealed a positive attitude shift toward older adults over the course of the semester, greater comfort with the idea of aging, and a propensity to describe the experience as being personally and professionally influential in their own lives. Students also reported increased course understanding and a desire to continue volunteering. Implications for intergenerational service-learning are discussed. PMID:23362857

Kalisch, Hilary R; Coughlin, Deanna R; Ballard, Sharon M; Lamson, Angela

2013-01-01

164

Mathematics Teaching as a Deliberate Practice: An Investigation of Elementary Pre-Service Teachers' Reflective Thinking during Student Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this case study I examine the reflective practices of two elementary pre-service teachers during their student teaching internship. I extend current views of reflective practice to create a framework for a "deliberate practitioner." With this framework, I investigate the pre-service teachers' thinking with regard to reflective processes and how…

McDuffie, Amy Roth

2004-01-01

165

Using a "Small Moments" Writing Strategy to Help Undergraduate Students Reflect on Their Service-Learning Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines a "small moments" writing strategy to nurture reflection in undergraduate college students participating in a course-based service-learning activity. Using grounded theory methodology to analyze reflection journal entries, the authors identified themes that indicate that, by writing "small moments" reflection journal entries,…

Bleicher, Robert E.; Correia, Manuel G.

2011-01-01

166

Exploring Evidence of Reflective Thinking in Student Artifacts of Blogging-Mapping Tool: A Design-Based Research Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflective learning can assist a learner's purposeful and conscious manipulation of ideas toward meaningful learning and knowledge integration. Blogs have been used to support reflection, but Blogs usually do not provide overt mechanisms for students to make connections between different parts of an experience, which is integral to reflective

Xie, Ying; Sharma, Priya

2011-01-01

167

Comments on the Co-Emergence of Machine Techniques, Paper-and-Pencil Techniques, and Theoretical Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We comment on the paper "The co-emergence of machine techniques, paper-and-pencil techniques, and theoretical reflection: A study of CAS use in secondary school algebra" by Carolyn Kieran and Paul Drijvers. We look at aspects of Kieran and Drijvers' analysis with regard to "task-technique-theory" in the light of a model of abstraction in context…

Monaghan, John; Ozmantar, Mehmet Fatih

2006-01-01

168

The Institutional Costs of Student Attrition. Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research on attrition has focused on the economic consequences of low graduation rates in terms of costs to students and families (from tuition and fees that do not culminate in a credential), lost time, and income and tax losses from low educational attainment in the workforce. However, no systematic attention has been given to another…

Johnson, Nate

2012-01-01

169

Improving Student Outcomes: Restoring America's Education Potential. Strategy Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For decades, investments in public education have boosted U.S. productivity and earnings, forged a path out of poverty for many families, helped disadvantaged students narrow the learning gap with their peers, and developed a workforce that continues to be among the most productive and innovative on Earth. More recently, this engine of growth has…

Greenstone, Michael; Looney, Adam; Shevlin, Paige

2011-01-01

170

Using Aspects of the TEACCH Structured Teaching Approach with Students with Multiple Disabilities and Visual Impairment: Reflections on Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reflects on how the first author has adapted aspects of the TEACCH structured teaching approach--developed for use with students with autism--in her work with students with multiple disabilities and visual impairment (MDVI) in a special secondary school for students with severe learning difficulties in England. A brief overview of the…

Taylor, Kim; Preece, David

2010-01-01

171

Feedback Providing Improvement Strategies and Reflection on Feedback Use: Effects on Students' Writing Motivation, Process, and Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of feedback providing improvement strategies and a reflection assignment on students' writing motivation, process, and performance. Students in the experimental feedback condition (n = 41) received feedback including improvement strategies, whereas students in the control feedback condition (n = 41) received…

Duijnhouwer, Hendrien; Prins, Frans J.; Stokking, Karel M.

2012-01-01

172

Reflecting on Reflection: Scale Extension and a Comparison of Undergraduate Business Students in the United States and the United Kingdom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the Peltier, Hay, and Drago (2005) article titled "The Reflective Learning Continuum: Reflecting on Reflection," a reflective learning continuum was conceptualized and tested. This is a follow-up article based on three extensions: (1) determining whether the continuum could be expanded, (2) further validating the continuum using additional…

Peltier, James W.; Hay, Amanda; Drago, William

2006-01-01

173

Promoting medical studentsreflection on competencies to advance a global health equities curriculum  

PubMed Central

Background The move to frame medical education in terms of competencies – the extent to which trainees “can do” a professional responsibility - is congruent with calls for accountability in medical education. However, the focus on competencies might be a poor fit with curricula intended to prepare students for responsibilities not emphasized in traditional medical education. This study examines an innovative approach to the use of potential competency expectations related to advancing global health equity to promote studentsreflections and to inform curriculum development. Methods In 2012, 32 medical students were admitted into a newly developed Global Health and Disparities (GHD) Path of Excellence. The GHD program takes the form of mentored co-curricular activities built around defined competencies related to professional development and leadership skills intended to ameliorate health disparities in medically underserved settings, both domestically and globally. Students reviewed the GHD competencies from two perspectives: a) their ability to perform the identified competencies that they perceived themselves as holding as they began the GHD program and b) the extent to which they perceived that their future career would require these responsibilities. For both sets of assessments the response scale ranged from “Strongly Disagree” to “Strongly Agree.” Wilcoxon’s paired T-tests compared individual students’ ordinal rating of their current level of ability to their perceived need for competence that they anticipated their careers would require. Statistical significance was set at p?Students’ ratings ranged from “strongly disagree” to “strongly agree” that they could perform the defined GHD-related competencies. However, on most competencies, at least 50 % of students indicated that the stated competencies were beyond their present ability level. For each competency, the results of Wilcoxon paired T-tests indicate – at statistically significant levels - that students perceive more need in their careers for GHD-program defined competencies than they currently possess. Conclusion This study suggests congruence between student and program perceptions of the scope of practice required for GHD. Students report the need for enhanced skill levels in the careers they anticipate. This approach to formulating and reflecting on competencies will guide the program’s design of learning experiences aligned with students’ career goals. PMID:24886229

2014-01-01

174

Cramming: The Effects of School Accountability on College-Bound Students. Working Paper 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the first evidence of the effects of school accountability systems on the long-term human capital development of high-performing, college-bound students. The results are mixed. On the one hand, the evidence is consistent that school accountability sanction threats are associated with changes in student study habits. Students

Donovan, Colleen; Figlio, David; Rush, Mark

2007-01-01

175

The Measure of Professorial Productivity: Using Student Learning Outcomes Criteria. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the viability and applicability of student learning outcomes used as a measure of professorial productivity. While student learning outcomes need to be assessed in order to evaluate faculty productivity, examination of student learning as a concept reveals the difficulty of finding consensus on how to define it. The issue is…

Bock, Marianne T.

176

Does Sorting Students Improve Scores? An Analysis of Class Composition. NBER Working Paper No. 18848  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines schools' decisions to sort students into different classes and how those sorting processes impact student achievement. There are two potential effects that result from schools creating homogeneous classes--a "tracking effect," which allows teachers to direct their focus to a more narrow range of students, and a peer effect,…

Collins, Courtney A.; Gan, Li

2013-01-01

177

Student Value Orientations about College: Direct and Indirect Effects on Student Satisfaction. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study constructs a typology of student value orientation (defined as student aspirations, attitudes, and values related to the college experience) as it relates to student satisfaction with college. Value orientation traits are used to identify direct effects on overall student satisfaction; trait variables examine the possibility that…

Keup, Jennifer Rinella

178

Reflections of College Students about the Use of Classical Relaxing Harp Music in the Student Lounge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research study involved sixty one (61) respondents (20 male and 41 females) Convenience sampling was used to select the respondents. All of the respondents are students of Systems Plus College Foundation taking up the subject General Psychology. Average age of the respondents is 18 years old. Based on the gathered data, all of the respondents…

Pelayo, Jose Maria G., III.; Jao, Rodolfo V.; Pelayo, Jose Juancho S.

2014-01-01

179

Reflections of a Latina Student-Teacher: Refusing Low Expectations for Latina/o Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This narrative provides a personal account of the author's student-teaching experience in a primarily Latina/o high school. In an analysis of the journal in which observations were during the experience, the following themes emerged: (a) high expectations before the semester, (b) conflicting messages, (c) teachers' expectations for standard…

Cavazos, Alyssa G.

2009-01-01

180

Thirty-One Students: Reflections of a First-Year Teacher of Students with Mental Retardation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experiences of a first-year teacher of students with mild mental retardation are described from the perspective of that teacher. The enormous burdens that can be placed on new teachers in difficult situations are highlighted and implications are discussed for teacher educators, interpersonal relationships, and the role of special education.…

Carter, Karen Butcher; Scruggs, Thomas E.

2001-01-01

181

Conceptual Underpinnings of Students' Ability to Understand Reflections from a Plane Mirror  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this paper we explore students' pre-instruction knowledge of several conceptual and procedural pieces of knowledge that we believe are prerequisite to one's ability to generate correct light ray diagrams and understand image formation by a plane mirror. The research population is an algebra-based, introductory physics class of about 50 students at a medium-sized, urban, public university. Both individual interviews and written free response questions were used to gather data.

Cummings, Karen; Grillo, Edward

2009-11-30

182

Learning Biology through Research Papers: A Stimulus for Question-Asking by High-School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Question-asking is a basic skill, required for the development of scientific thinking. However, the way in which science lessons are conducted does not usually stimulate question-asking by students. To make students more familiar with the scientific inquiry process, we developed a curriculum in developmental biology based on research papers suitable for high-school students. Since a scientific paper poses a research

Gilat Brill; Anat Yarden

2003-01-01

183

Learning biology through research papers: a stimulus for question-asking by high-school students.  

PubMed

Question-asking is a basic skill, required for the development of scientific thinking. However, the way in which science lessons are conducted does not usually stimulate question-asking by students. To make students more familiar with the scientific inquiry process, we developed a curriculum in developmental biology based on research papers suitable for high-school students. Since a scientific paper poses a research question, demonstrates the events that led to the answer, and poses new questions, we attempted to examine the effect of studying through research papers on students' ability to pose questions. Students were asked before, during, and after instruction what they found interesting to know about embryonic development. In addition, we monitored students' questions, which were asked orally during the lessons. Questions were scored according to three categories: properties, comparisons, and causal relationships. We found that before learning through research papers, students tend to ask only questions of the properties category. In contrast, students tend to pose questions that reveal a higher level of thinking and uniqueness during or following instruction with research papers. This change was not observed during or following instruction with a textbook. We suggest that learning through research papers may be one way to provide a stimulus for question-asking by high-school students and results in higher thinking levels and uniqueness. PMID:14673492

Brill, Gilat; Yarden, Anat

2003-01-01

184

Learning Biology through Research Papers: A Stimulus for Question-Asking by High-School Students  

PubMed Central

Question-asking is a basic skill, required for the development of scientific thinking. However, the way in which science lessons are conducted does not usually stimulate question-asking by students. To make students more familiar with the scientific inquiry process, we developed a curriculum in developmental biology based on research papers suitable for high-school students. Since a scientific paper poses a research question, demonstrates the events that led to the answer, and poses new questions, we attempted to examine the effect of studying through research papers on students' ability to pose questions. Students were asked before, during, and after instruction what they found interesting to know about embryonic development. In addition, we monitored students' questions, which were asked orally during the lessons. Questions were scored according to three categories: properties, comparisons, and causal relationships. We found that before learning through research papers, students tend to ask only questions of the properties category. In contrast, students tend to pose questions that reveal a higher level of thinking and uniqueness during or following instruction with research papers. This change was not observed during or following instruction with a textbook. We suggest that learning through research papers may be one way to provide a stimulus for question-asking by high-school students and results in higher thinking levels and uniqueness. PMID:14673492

Brill, Gilat; Yarden, Anat

2003-01-01

185

Learning pathways during clinical placement of physiotherapy students: a Malaysian experience of using learning contracts and reflective diaries  

PubMed Central

Purpose: Learning contracts and reflective diaries are educational tools that have been recently introduced to physiotherapy students from Malaysia during clinical education. It is unclear how students perceive the experience of using a learning contract and reflective diary. This study explores the learning pathways of the students after using a learning contract and a reflective diary for the first time in their clinical placement. Methods: A total of 26 final-year physiotherapy students completed a learning contract and a reflective diary during clinical placements. Two researchers explored the data qualitatively by the thematic content analysis method using NVivo. Results: A total of four and six main learning themes were identified from the data of the students through a learning contract and reflective diary. Conclusion: These learning themes reflected the views of the students about what they have considered to be important learning pathways during their clinical placements. They give valuable insights into the experiences and opinions of students during their clinical education process, which should be useful for enhancing teaching and learning methods in physiotherapy education. PMID:23997897

2013-01-01

186

Benefits of teaching medical students how to communicate with patients having serious illness: comparison of two approaches to experiential, skill-based, and self-reflective learning.  

PubMed

Innovative approaches are needed to teach medical students effective and compassionate communication with seriously ill patients. We describe two such educational experiences in the Yale Medical School curriculum for third-year medical students: 1) Communicating Difficult News Workshop and 2) Ward-Based End-of-Life Care Assignment. These two programs address educational needs to teach important clinical communication and assessment skills to medical students that previously were not consistently or explicitly addressed in the curriculum. The two learning programs share a number of educational approaches driven by the learning objectives, the students' development, and clinical realities. Common educational features include: experiential learning, the Biopsychosocial Model, patient-centered communication, integration into clinical clerkships, structured skill-based learning, self-reflection, and self-care. These shared features - as well as some differences - are explored in this paper in order to illustrate key issues in designing and implementing medical student education in these areas. PMID:22737055

Ellman, Matthew S; Fortin, Auguste H

2012-06-01

187

Promoting Reflection among Science Student Teachers Using a Web-Based Video Analysis Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent efforts to design teacher education experiences using reflection as a philosophical orientation (Abell & Bryan, 1997) have shown that such experiences are influencing the way that teachers think about their practice, specifically teachers' personal beliefs about teaching and learning. In this paper, we introduce the design and…

Bryan, Lynn A.; Recesso, Art

2006-01-01

188

We could have done a better job: a qualitative study of medical student reflections on safe hospital discharge.  

PubMed

Because safe transitions of care are critical to patient safety, it is important to prepare physician trainees to assist in patient transitions from the hospital. As part of a discharge skills workshop for medical students, a brief reflective exercise was used to understand student perceptions of discharge problems and encourage application of classroom learning. Written reflections completed before and after the workshop were analyzed qualitatively to identify barriers to discharge observed on clinical clerkships and evaluate how the discharge skills workshop influenced student understanding of safe discharges. Students also completed a quantitative evaluation of the workshop. Seventy-eight of the 96 students (81%) at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine who participated in the discharge skills workshop volunteered to submit their written reflections. Eighteen themes were identified within two domains (barriers to safe discharges and solutions to improve discharges). The most commonly cited barrier was the sense that the discharge was rushed or premature. Three of the barrier themes and six of the solution themes were related to the importance of communication and collaboration in safe discharges. Students reported that the reflective exercise personalized the learning experience (mean 3.27 ± 0.86 on a scale of 1 (not at all) to 4 (a lot)). Students observed barriers to safe discharges on their clerkships related to poor communication, insufficient time spent planning discharges, and lack of patient education. Brief reflection encouraged students to apply lessons learned in a didactic session to consider solutions for providing safer patient care. PMID:24697755

Block, Lauren; Morgan-Gouveia, Melissa; Levine, Rachel B; Cayea, Danelle

2014-06-01

189

Preparing to care for an aging population: medical student reflections on their clinical mentors within a new geriatrics curriculum.  

PubMed

Reflective writing techniques such as journaling help provide insights into the process by which medical students are mentored and develop into practicing physicians. The authors sought to analyze medical students' journals regarding their mentored experiences within a new geriatrics curriculum at a U.S. medical school. Thirty preclinical and clinical medical student journalers participated in this project. The authors employed qualitative analytic techniques using an interdisciplinary team process. Three major themes emerged: (a) exposure to clinical mentors challenged medical students' preconceptions regarding older adults and geriatric medicine; (b) students learned new medical knowledge and techniques from observing their mentors; and (c) students provided positive and negative assessments of their mentors. Reflective journaling provides important insights into the process by which medical students draw upon mentored clinical experiences during their training. Such mentorship may be particularly relevant to promoting their interest in geriatrics. PMID:24138182

Farrell, Timothy W; Shield, Renée R; Wetle, Terrie; Nanda, Aman; Campbell, Susan

2013-01-01

190

Culturally Responsive Schools for Micronesian Immigrant Students. PREL Briefing Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides background information about the geography, language, culture, and political history of the Micronesian region, noting that Hawaii's public schools are experiencing an increase in the enrollment of children from Micronesia. Micronesia includes the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; the three Freely Associated States…

Heine, Hilda C.

191

Reflective Behaviors under a Web-Based Portfolio Assessment Environment for High School Students in a Computer Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research attempted to categorize reflection in a Web-based portfolio assessment using the Chinese Word Segmenting System (CWSS). Another aim of this research was to explore reflective performance in which individual differences were further examined. Participants were 45 eight-grade students from a junior high school taking a computer course.…

Chang, Chi-Cheng; Chen, Cheng-Chuan; Chen, Yi-Hui

2012-01-01

192

A Reflective Self-Inquiry into My Teaching Practices with Non-English-Major Technological University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Action research allows teachers to evaluate and gain insight into their own practices in their teaching contexts through reflection, and inquire into ways to improve their practices and student learning outcomes. This study is a reflective self-inquiry in which the research team engages in a deliberate and retrospective analysis of the principal…

Chien, Chiu-Kuei Chang; Yu, Kuo-Jen; Lin, Lung-Chi

2013-01-01

193

Use of Poems Written by Physicians to Elicit Critical Reflection by Students in a Medical Biochemistry Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Critical reflection helps to animate humanistic values needed for professional behavior in medical students. We wanted to learn whether poems written by physicians could foster such critical reflection. To do so, we determined whether the poems elicited dissonance (i.e., recognition of their own or others behavior as incongruent with…

Van Winkle, Lon J.; Robson, Chester; Chandar, Nalini; Green, Jacalyn M.; Viselli, Susan M.; Donovan, Kelly

2011-01-01

194

Social Mathworking: The Effects of Online Reflection on Algebra I Students' Sense of Community and Perceived Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if online reflections through social networking affect students' sense of community and levels of perceived conceptual learning in Algebra I courses. Social constructivism, connectivism, and computer-mediated communication in relation to reflective practices form the theoretical and practical…

Allanson, Patricia Elizabeth

2013-01-01

195

Underrepresentation of Culturally Different Students in Gifted Education: Reflections about Current Problems and Recommendations for the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For almost two decades, the author has devoted her professional life to the field of gifted education, as have others. More than any time in her career, she finds herself reflecting even more so on the persistent or stubborn problem of underrepresentation among Black and Hispanic students in gifted education. Is this more frequent self-reflection

Ford, Donna Y.

2010-01-01

196

Validation of a Method for Measuring Medical Students' Critical Reflections on Professionalism in Gross Anatomy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improving professional attitudes and behaviors requires critical self reflection. Research on reflection is necessary to understand professionalism among medical students. The aims of this prospective validation study at the Mayo Medical School and Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine were: (1) to develop and validate a new instrument for…

Wittich, Christopher M.; Pawlina, Wojciech; Drake, Richard L.; Szostek, Jason H.; Reed, Darcy A.; Lachman, Nirusha; McBride, Jennifer M.; Mandrekar, Jayawant N.; Beckman, Thomas J.

2013-01-01

197

Can Inquiry and Reflection be Contagious? Science Teachers, Students, and Action Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study reports the transformations of 3 science teachers who conducted action research projects following a model, unique to our graduate program, which follows the theoretical tenets of adult and transformative learning theory. Teachers video their teaching, engage in weekly peer group collaborative reflection sessions, collaborate with students, and consult with other sources to identify goals for improving their teaching practices, develop action plans, and analyze the results of their actions. As a result of this process, all 3 teachers changed their pedagogical approach from a teacher centered textbook driven approach to a student centered inquiry based approach. Implications of using this model as a powerful means of professional development for science teachers are explored.

Lebak, Kimberly; Tinsley, Ron

2010-12-01

198

"Take More time to Actually Listen": Students' Reflections on Participation and Negotiation in School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Behaviour in schools is an emotive topic and one of enduring political interest and sensitivity. The media often portrays schools as violent and dangerous places and young people as ever more unruly. This paper explores findings from a recent large-scale national study on behaviour and focuses on the data from primary and secondary school students

McCluskey, Gillean; Brown, Jane; Munn, Pamela; Lloyd, Gwynedd; Hamilton, Lorna; Sharp, Stephen; Macleod, Gale

2013-01-01

199

Student Teachers' Reflections on Prior Experiences of Learning Geography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary geography education is an important part of initial teacher education. The importance of prior experiences in the development of student teachers has long been recognised and there is growing evidence of the nature of those experiences in areas such as geography. This paper reports the findings of research conducted with one cohort of…

Dolan, Anne M.; Waldron, Fionnuala; Pike, Susan; Greenwood, Richard

2014-01-01

200

Exploring the Impact of Integrated Fieldwork, Reflective and Metacognitive Experiences on Student Environmental Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the important role of providing fieldwork experiences for students in the natural environment is now well-established within environmental education literature, there is still little research evidence to guide teachers in their choice of effective teaching strategies. This paper presents findings from an interpretive case study designed…

Ballantyne, Roy; Anderson, David; Packer, Jan

2010-01-01

201

Putting "Maori" in the Mainstream: Student Teachers' Reflections of a Culturally Relevant Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on student teachers' experiences of an education program that was explicitly designed to be grounded in both Kaupapa Maori and mainstream pedagogy. This program started from the Kaupapa Maori view to be Maori as Maori. This was then supported by mainstream epistemology of New Zealand focused good teaching practice. A Kaupapa…

Sexton, Steven S.

2011-01-01

202

National Curriculum Development and Initial Reflections on the Mathematics Framing Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "National Mathematics Curriculum Framing Paper" has been released for consultation until 28 February 2009 (see www.ncb.org.au). Professional associations, teachers, teacher educators and others are taking the opportunity to organise meetings and forums to consider the views presented in the paper and to provide critical feedback and commentary…

Anderson, Judy

2009-01-01

203

Dental students' reflections on clinical placement in a rural and indigenous community in Australia.  

PubMed

Clinical placements away from the dental school are now an integral and important component of dental education internationally. This article presents feedback from students on their experience in a remote rural clinical placement in Australia by year cohorts 2009, 2010, and 2011. An online feedback survey instrument and compulsory reflective journals were analyzed both by calendar year cohort and amongst individual student groups. The information obtained suggests that overall this was a very positive experience for most students and the clinical experience gained was valued highly. Many students wrote positively about their cultural experiences and the knowledge they gained of life in a remote rural area. Many were pleased with the contribution they made to the oral health treatment needs of the community. Concerns related to the lower patient flow and the inferior quality of equipment compared to that in the main university clinic and with delays in maintaining and repairing equipment. While the overall outcome was positive, significant challenges face all stakeholders to maintain and enhance the clinical and social experiences of these future practitioners. The true impact of the placement will only be realized when graduates are confident to venture into clinical practice settings in rural locations. PMID:24002858

Lalloo, Ratilal; Evans, Jane L; Johnson, Newell W

2013-09-01

204

The Effect of Teaching with Stories on Associate Degree Nursing Students' Approach to Learning and Reflective Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This action research study is the culmination of several action cycles investigating cognitive information processing and learning strategies based on students approach to learning theory and assessing students' meta-cognitive learning, motivation, and reflective development suggestive of deep learning. The study introduces a reading…

Bradshaw, Vicki

2012-01-01

205

"You Have To Learn Who Comes with the Disability": Students' Reflections on Service Learning Experiences with Peers Labeled with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents knowledge about disability issues that seven undergraduate students constructed through participation in a semester-long service learning class. In-depth interviews and examination of reflective journals revealed that students used their experiences to question the nature of relationships with people with disabilities, the…

Smith, Valerie M.

2003-01-01

206

Reflective Journals of Students Taking a Positive Youth-Development Course in a University Context in Hong Kong  

PubMed Central

To promote the holistic development of university students, a course entitled “Tomorrow's Leaders” was developed and offered at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Based on a case study approach, reflective journals of five outstanding students of the course are presented and analyzed (i.e., thick description), with several themes emerging from the reflection. First, the students liked the course, and they identified many positive attributes. Second, the students appreciated the instructors. Third, the students viewed that the course contributed to different aspects of their development. Fourth, some areas of improvements were proposed. In conjunction with other evaluation mechanisms, the present findings strongly suggest that the course is able to promote psychosocial competencies in university students taking this course. PMID:22973167

Shek, Daniel T. L.; Wu, Florence K. Y.

2012-01-01

207

Segmenting Student Markets with a Student Satisfaction and Priorities Survey. AIR 1994 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A market segmentation analysis was conducted on students at a large midwestern urban university using two forms of hierarchical cluster analysis on student characteristics: an agglomerative procedure using a matching-type association measure and a divisive chi-square based automatic interaction detection (CHAID) procedure. Data were extracted from…

Borden, Victor M. H.

208

Implications and Complications for Deaf Students of the Full Inclusion Movement. Occasional Paper 94-2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers examines the controversy about the full inclusion movement for students with deafness. The collection begins with an introduction by Oscar P. Cohen which traces the history of education of deaf students, examines legal provisions used to justify full inclusion, and urges continuation of the continuum of special services.…

Johnson, Robert Clover, Ed.; Cohen, Oscar P., Ed.

209

Comparing Computer-Supported Dynamic Modeling and "Paper & Pencil" Concept Mapping Technique in Students' Collaborative Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims at highlighting the collaborative activity of two high school students (age 14) in the cases of modeling the complex biological process of plant growth with two different tools: the "paper & pencil" concept mapping technique and the computer-supported educational environment "ModelsCreator". Students' shared activity in both cases…

Komis, Vassilis; Ergazaki, Marida; Zogza, Vassiliki

2007-01-01

210

Comparison of Paper-Pencil and Online Performances of Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literature in the United States provides many examples of no difference in student achievement when measured against the mode of test administration i.e., paper-pencil and online versions of the test. However, most of these researches centre on "regular" students who do not require differential teaching methods or different evaluation processes…

Taherbhai, Husein; Seo, Daeryong; Bowman, Trinell

2012-01-01

211

Self-Directed Learning: A 2-Year, 4-Year Collaboration for Engineering Students. Working Paper Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the joint collaboration of Broome Community College (BCC) (New York) and the State University of New York at Binghamton to help their engineering students become self-directed learners (SDL). Gerald Grow's model for staged self-directed learning is presented as a framework for the collaboration, with its four stages of student

Beston, William; Fellows, Sharon; Culver, Richard

212

Financial Incentives and Student Achievement: Evidence from Randomized Trials. NBER Working Paper No. 15898  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a series of school-based randomized trials in over 250 urban schools designed to test the impact of financial incentives on student achievement. In stark contrast to simple economic models, our results suggest that student incentives increase achievement when the rewards are given for inputs to the educational production…

Fryer, Roland G., Jr.

2010-01-01

213

Distance Education in Southern Africa Conference, 1987. Papers 5: Administration and Student Support in Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventeen papers from the University of South Africa's Conference on Distance Education are presented. They include: "Establishing a Formal Student Support System--Time Is of the Essence" (Karen Hinrichs); "A Student Services Unit in a Distance Education Institution" (Hendrik Gous); "Distance Education and the Community: New Partnerships and…

Adey, David, Comp.; And Others

214

Developments with the Commission's Longitudinal Student Data System. Working Paper WP/06-07  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes the many uses of the California Postsecondary Education Commission's data system and describes work in progress on adding additional data elements. It describes how the Commission is using its Longitudinal Student Data System (LSDS) to examine the movement of students through California's public colleges and universities. The…

California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2006

2006-01-01

215

Learning Biology through Research Papers: A Stimulus for Question-Asking by High-School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Question-asking is a basic skill, required for the development of scientific thinking. However, the way in which science lessons are conducted does not usually stimulate question-asking by students. To make students more familiar with the scientific inquiry process, we developed a curriculum in developmental biology based on research papers

Brill, Gilat; Yarden, Anat

2003-01-01

216

College Students and Politics: A Literature Review. CIRCLE Working Paper 46  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this working paper, the authors review the literature on college students' political attitudes and behaviors. It is hoped that this review will help to refine research questions and ultimately lead to a larger follow-up research study on college student political engagement. The literature review was based on the following three questions: (1)…

Longo, Nicholas V.; Meyer, Ross P.

2006-01-01

217

What's Wrong with a Career in Hospitality? An Examination of Student Choice. Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The preference of students to choose a career in events management over hospitality despite low demand for skills is the focus of this paper. The need for greater involvement of external stakeholders is identified as important in ensuring that students make an informed decision when choosing a career path. A model representing the ideal situation…

Hamm, Simon; Angliss, William

2009-01-01

218

Implications of Drug Usage for Higher Education. Student Development Staff Papers Number One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the implications of drug usage for higher education. Drug use is not new. However, today there are several problems associated with drug usage: (1) ignorance, (2) semantics, (3) communication, and (4) change as a constant in the world. The reasons for student drug use are discussed. Students use drugs because: (1) they are…

Crookston, Burns B.

219

Outstanding Student Paper Awards: Ocean Sciences and Tectonophysics (Fall Meeting 2003)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following members in the Ocean Sciences Section and the Tectonophysics Section received Outstanding Student Paper Awards at the 2003 AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco, California. (Winners in other sections will be announced in subsequent issues of Eos.)

2004-03-01

220

Outstanding Student Paper Awards: Nonlinear Geophysics and Seismology (Fall Meeting 2003)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following members in the Nonlinear Geophysics Focus Group and the Seismology Section received Outstanding Student Paper Awards at the 2003 AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco, California. (Winners in other sections will be announced in subsequent issues of Eos.)

2004-03-01

221

Using Paper-Based Diagnostics with High School Students To Model Forensic Investigation and Colorimetric Analysis  

E-print Network

Using Paper-Based Diagnostics with High School Students To Model Forensic Investigation Rozkiewicz, George M. Whitesides, and Kathryn A. Hollar Biology Department, Tyngsborough High School, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 87131 United States § Chemistry Department, Merrimack High School, Merrimack, New

222

The UK Edition of "The Little Red Schoolbook": A Paper Tiger Reflects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper concerns "The Little Red Schoolbook," an English translation of the Danish book "Den lille rode bog fur skoleelever." After the book's publication in the UK, opponents were successful in pressing for its publisher's prosecution. The ensuing trial led to its withdrawal and its bowdlerisation. It is argued that the work played some part…

Limond, David

2012-01-01

223

Student Financial Aid and Educational Outcomes: Is There a Difference between Grants and Loans? ASHE 1987 Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of different types of student financial aid on student outcomes were investigated for the year 1983: types of support looked at included scholarships, working while attending school, grants, and loans. Attention was directed to four outcome measures that reflect in-school behaviors and attitudes that affect student performance:…

Urahn, Susan; Nettles, Michael T.

224

An examination of how middle school science teachers conduct collaborative inquiry and reflection about students' conceptual understanding  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This qualitative case study examined how middle school science teachers conducted collaborative inquiry and reflection about students' conceptual understanding, and how individual teachers in the middle school science group acted and made reflections in response to their collaborative inquiry. It also examined external influences that affected the teachers' ability to engage in collaborative inquiry. Observational, written, and interview data were collected from observations of teachers' face-to-face meetings and reflections, individual interviews, a focus group interview, and online reflections. The results of this study revealed that collaborative inquiry is a form of professional development that includes answering curricular questions through observation, communication, action, and reflection. This approach was developed and implemented by middle school science teachers. The premise of an inquiry is based on a need with students. Middle school science teachers came to consensus about actions to affect students' conceptual understanding, took action as stated, and shared their reflections of the actions taken with consideration to current and upcoming school activities. Activities involved teachers brainstorming and sharing with one another, talking about how the variables were merged into their curriculum, and how they impacted students' conceptual understanding. Teachers valued talking with one another about science content and pedagogy, but did find the inquiry portion of the approach to require more development. The greatest challenge to conducting collaborative inquiry and reflection was embedding teacher inquiry within a prescribed inquiry that was already being conducted by the Sundown School District. Collaborative inquiry should be structured so that it meets the needs of teachers in order to attend to the needs of students. A conducive atmosphere for collaborative inquiry and reflection is one in which administrators make the process mandatory and facilitate the process by removing an existing inquiry.

Todd-Gibson, Christine

225

Reflecting Reflective Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper demystifies reflective practice on teaching by focusing on the idea of reflection itself and how it has been conceived by two philosophers, Plato and Irigaray. It argues that reflective practice has become a standardized method of defining the teacher in teacher education and teacher accreditation systems. It explores how practices of…

Galea, Simone

2012-01-01

226

The Czech government scholarship programme for students from developing countries--evaluation findings and policy reflections.  

PubMed

In Czech Republic there is a long tradition of providing tertiary scholarships to students from developing countries. The government scholarship programme started in the 1950s already as a part of the Czechoslovak technical assistance to countries in the South. Even though the programme left tens of thousands of graduates all over the world, the recent programme evaluation has revealed that it is characterised by a relatively poor performance. This article brings forward the main outcomes of the programme evaluation, highlights the policy recommendations and summarises policy reflections that occurred following the evaluation. The programme evaluation was done under unfavourable circumstances and could be accordingly defined as 'shoestring evaluation'. The restrictions and their influence on evaluation outcomes are discussed in article, too. PMID:24380834

N?me?ková, Tereza; Krylová, Petra; Horký -Hluchá?, Ond?ej; Hejkrlík, Ji?í; Jílkova, Klementína

2014-04-01

227

Reading Reflections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Reading reflections are designed to encourage students to complete readings before coming to class, to reflect more deeply on the content of the reading, to make personal meaning from the meaning, and to develop their metacognitive skills for lifelong learning. The reflections consist of three questions: (1) What is the main point of the reading?, (2) What information did you find surprising? Why?, and (3) What did you find confusing? Why? Students submit short responses to two of three questions prior to coming to class. Metacognitive components of the activity Reading reflections address many elements of metacognition, including knowledge, control, and reflection. Reading reflections are designed to help students develop knowledge about themselves as learners, learning tasks (reading), prior knowledge, content, self-monitoring, self-assessment, and reflection. Metacognitive goals The primary goals of this activity are to help students develop their skills of self-assessment, and to reflect more deeply on the content of their reading assignments. Reflective thinking is an essential element of expert learners, so this activity helps students develop skills as intentional learners for lifelong learning. Assessing students' metacognition Reading reflections (n = 35 in a typical semester) count for approximately 10% of the course grade. I do not grade these reflections, but give students credit if they are turned in on time (before class) and if they clearly demonstrate significant reflection.

Wirth, Karl

228

Going Green and Using Less Paper to Print Exams: Student Performance, Completion Time, and Preference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies measured the impact on student exam performance and exam completion time of strategies aimed to reduce the amount of paper used for printing multiple-choice course exams. Study 1 compared single-sided to double-sided printed exams. Study 2 compared a single-column arrangement of multiple-choice answer options to a space (and paper)…

O'Connor, Kevin J.

2014-01-01

229

Wealth, Cost, and the Undergraduate Student Experience at Large Public Research Universities. SERU Project and Consortium Research Paper. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE 13.11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relying primarily on the responses of a proportionally weighted sample of undergraduate students attending eighteen major public research universities (N greater than 300K, responses from greater than 130K, n greater than 40K) that are part of the Student Experience in the Research University Consortium, this paper concludes that students from…

Chatman, Steve

2011-01-01

230

Comparison of student performance using web and paper-based homework in college-level physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homework gives students an opportunity to practice important college-level physics skills. A switch to Web-based homework alters the nature of feedback received, potentially changing the pedagogical benefit. Calculus- and algebra-based introductory physics students enrolled in large paired lecture sections at a public university completed homework of standard end-of-the-chapter exercises using either the Web or paper. Comparison of their performances on

Scott W. Bonham; Duane L. Deardorff; Robert J. Beichner

2003-01-01

231

Discussing end-of-life issues with patients: reflections on developing an interviewing template to assist first-year medical students.  

PubMed

First-year medical students at the University of Ottawa currently use an interview template to work with patients who have chronic illnesses. A second-year medical student (JJ) modified the template to facilitate the discussion of death and end-of-life care by students who may have had little previous experience with such sensitive topics. The modification was accomplished using the following strategies: a systematic literature review on long-term care or nursing home residents' end-of-life needs; participation in a support group for families of dying patients; volunteering in a day hospice program for two months; piloting the template with two palliative care patients, one resident of a long-term care facility, and one family member. The paper summarizes and reflects on the process. PMID:11813343

Jones, J; Hall, P; Schroder, C; Weaver, L; Bouvette, M

2001-01-01

232

Reflective writing as a tool for assessing teamwork in bioscience: insights into student performance and understanding of teamwork.  

PubMed

To ensure a modern bioscience curriculum that responds to the current needs of stakeholders, there is a need to embed a range of generic capabilities that enables graduates to succeed in and contribute to a rapidly changing world, as well as building strong bioscience skills and knowledge. The curriculum must also prepare students for a rapidly evolving competitive work place and align with the needs of industry. This creates a challenge, how do we develop generic capabilities without losing discipline content. This report analyses teamwork projects embedded in an undergraduate Biotechnology degree designed to promote teamwork skills along with a deeper understanding of the underpinning biochemistry. Student reflective writing was used to capture students' understanding and experience of teamwork as well as provide insight into their metacognition. The analysis demonstrates that 73% of Year 3 and 93% of Year 4 students were capable of learning about teamwork through reflective writing. While the importance of frequent high quality communication was a common theme, evidence suggests that many students were unsophisticated in their use of communication software. The analysis also highlighted the depth of metacognition that underpins successful team function and the significant weaknesses in self-insight some students possess. These findings challenge assumptions regarding student capacity for leadership and the ability of some students to contribute to successful team outcomes. It is essential for the design of teamwork experiences to fully understand the competencies that underlie teamwork, the metacognitive processes required, and ensure that assessments are fair and measure individual academic performance. PMID:22807426

Mayne, Lynne

2012-07-01

233

Addressing the learning needs of multidisciplinary students at a distance using a virtual learning environment (VLE): A novice teacher reflects.  

PubMed

This paper analyses the experience of one individual in the development and delivery of an innovative, undergraduate leadership development module. The module is accessed by practising health care professionals in Malaysia as part of a top-up Honours Degree and is delivered solely using a virtual learning environment (VLE), in this case Blackboard. The aim of this analysis is to contribute to the current body of knowledge regarding the use of VLE technology to facilitate learning at a distance. Of particular relevance is the paper's focus on: the drivers for e-learning; widening participation and increasing access; the experience of designing and delivering learning of relevance for this contemporary student population and evaluating the VLE experience/module. The development and delivery of this module is one result of a rapidly growing area of education. As a novice teacher in her first year in the higher education sector, this experience was a significant and stimulating challenge for a number of reasons and these are explored in greater depth. This is achieved by means of personal reflection using the phases of module development and delivery as a focus. PMID:19040861

Janes, Gillian

2006-03-01

234

Students Choosing Colleges: Understanding the Matriculation Decision at a Highly Selective Private Institution. NBER Working Paper No. 15772  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The college choice process can be reduced to three questions: (1) Where does a student apply?; (2) Which schools accept the students?; and (3) Which offer of admission does the student accept? This paper addresses question three. Specifically, we offer an econometric analysis of the matriculation decisions made by students accepted to Williams…

Nurnberg, Peter; Schapiro, Morton; Zimmerman, David

2010-01-01

235

The Reflective Online Searching Skills (ROSS) Environment: embedding information literacy into student learning through an online environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Reflective Online Searching Skills (ROSS) Environment is an e-learning tool that fosters the development of student skill and knowledge in online searching. It was developed with the support of Faculty of Information Technology and the Teaching and Learning Support Services at the Queensland University of Technology (QUT). In 2007 ROSS is being developed for use within the first year

Helen Partridge; Sylvia Edwards; Andrew Baker; Lynn McAllister

2008-01-01

236

How to Read a Scientific Paper (http://www.harcourtcollege.com/student/scipaper1.html)  

E-print Network

major lapses in thinking, and only our own critical sensibility can prevent our friends and students of intense interest. At our most critical, scientists may bring a kind of intellectual machismo between cursory readings of papers from which you just want to know conclusions or methods, and critical

Chatterjee, Avik P.

237

Accelerating the Academic Achievement of Students Referred to Developmental Education. CCRC Working Paper No. 30  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Acceleration, which involves the reorganization of instruction and curricula in ways that facilitate the completion of academic requirements in an expedited manner, is an increasingly popular strategy at community colleges for improving the outcomes of developmental education students. This paper reviews the literature on acceleration and…

Edgecombe, Nikki

2011-01-01

238

The Gateway to the Profession: Assessing Teacher Preparation Programs Based on Student Achievement. Working Paper 65  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With teacher quality repeatedly cited as the most important "schooling" factor influencing student achievement, there has been increased interest in examining the efficacy of teacher training programs. This paper presents research examining the variation between and impact that individual teacher training institutions in Washington state have on…

Goldhaber, Dan; Liddle, Stephanie

2012-01-01

239

Transition to Semesters: Effects on Enrollment and FTE Students. AIR 2000 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper compares student headcount enrollment and full-time enrollment prior to and following transition to a semester calendar at 75 public colleges in three state systems: Alabama, Georgia, and Utah. Before and after effects on enrollment in the transition colleges are examined and compared with colleges that did not make the transition. In…

Rosenthal, Dan

240

Education of Teachers of Indigenous Students in Early Childhood Services and Schools. Discussion Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Australian national task force examined a number of areas related to achieving educational equality for Australia's Indigenous peoples. This paper reviews recent and current efforts to raise the quality of initial teacher education and presents a draft set of professional standards for accomplished teachers of Indigenous students in early…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs, Carlton South (Australia).

241

Identifying Effective Classroom Practices Using Student Achievement Data. NBER Working Paper No. 15803  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research has confirmed both the importance of teachers in producing student achievement growth and in the variability across teachers in the ability to do that. Such findings raise the stakes on our ability to identify effective teachers and teaching practices. This paper combines information from classroom-based observations and measures…

Kane, Thomas J.; Taylor, Eric S.; Tyler, John H.; Wooten, Amy L.

2010-01-01

242

Complexity and Targeting in Federal Student Aid: A Quantitative Analysis. NBER Working Paper No. 13801  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing body of empirical evidence shows that some financial aid programs increase college enrollment. Puzzlingly, there is little compelling evidence that Pell Grants and Stafford Loans, the primary federal student aid programs, are effective in achieving this goal. In this paper, we provide an in-depth review of this evidence, which taken as a…

Dynarski, Susan; Scott-Clayton, Judith E.

2008-01-01

243

Citation Behavior of Undergraduate Students: A Study of History, Political Science, and Sociology Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this analysis was to obtain local citation behavior data on undergraduates researching history, political science, and sociology papers. The study found that students cited books and journals even with the availability of web sources; however, usage varied by subject. References to specific websites' domains also varied across subject…

Hendley, Michelle

2012-01-01

244

Factors Contributing to Rural High School Students' Participation in Advanced Mathematics Courses. Working Paper No. 34  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this paper is a group of rural high school students and the factors that contributed to their participation in mathematics classes beyond those minimally required for high school graduation. The author follows Gutierrez (2002) in referring to participation as course taking, particularly in elective and advanced mathematics classes.…

Anderson, Rick

2006-01-01

245

Beginning the Dialogue on Evaluating How Students Learn. AIR 1996 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper briefly reviews the learning outcome aspects of seven recent follow-up studies completed for seven different transfer discipline areas at William Rainey Harper College (Illinois). It notes an increasing interest by the field of institutional research in evaluating how students learn. Faculty in the fields of psychology, English,…

Lucas, John A.

246

FOR STUDENT PAPER COMPETITION 1 Adaptive Design for Distributed MIMO Radar  

E-print Network

FOR STUDENT PAPER COMPETITION 1 Adaptive Design for Distributed MIMO Radar Using Sparse Modeling Output (MIMO) radar systems with widely separated antennas provide spatial diversity gain by viewing a new metric to analyze the performance of the radar system. We develop an adaptive mechanism

Nehorai, Arye

247

Students' Performance and Satisfaction with Web vs. Paper-Based Practice Quizzes and Lecture Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of computers to deliver course-related materials is rapidly expanding in most universities. Yet the effects of computer vs. printed delivery modes on students' performance and motivation are not yet fully known. We compared the impacts of Web vs. paper to deliver practice quizzes that require information search in lecture notes. Hundred…

Macedo-Rouet, Monica; Ney, Muriel; Charles, Sandrine; Lallich-Boidin, Genevieve

2009-01-01

248

The Impact of Employment during School on College Student Academic Performance. NBER Working Paper No. 14006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper estimates the effect of paid employment on grades of full-time, four-year students from four nationally representative cross sections of the Harvard College Alcohol Study administered during 1993-2001. The relationship could be causal in either direction and is likely contaminated by unobserved heterogeneity. Two-stage GMM regressions…

DeSimone, Jeffrey S.

2008-01-01

249

Raising the Bar in Freshman Science Education: Student Lectures, Scientific Papers, and Independent Experiments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the combination of three enhanced educational approaches for training future scientists. These methods incorporate skills generally not introduced in the freshman year: student-led blackboard introductions; the writing of scientific papers; and the design, execution, and presentation of an independent lab module. We tested…

Collins, Eva-Maria S.; Calhoun, Tessa R.

2014-01-01

250

A Parallel Hashed OctTree NBody Algorithm Best Student Paper, Supercomputing '93.  

E-print Network

A Parallel Hashed Oct­Tree N­Body Algorithm Best Student Paper, Supercomputing '93. Michael S. Warren \\Lambda John K. Salmon Theoretical Astrophysics Physics Department Mail Stop B288 206­49 Los possible cell with a key. The mapping of keys into mem­ ory locations is achieved via a hash table

251

Critical Thinking and Reflection Exercises in a Biochemistry Course to Improve Prospective Health Professions Students’ Attitudes Toward Physician-Pharmacist Collaboration  

PubMed Central

Objective. To determine the impact of performing critical-thinking and reflection assignments within interdisciplinary learning teams in a biochemistry course on pharmacy students’ and prospective health professions students’ collaboration scores. Design. Pharmacy students and prospective medical, dental, and other health professions students enrolled in a sequence of 2 required biochemistry courses. They were randomly assigned to interdisciplinary learning teams in which they were required to complete case assignments, thinking and reflection exercises, and a team service-learning project. Assessment. Students were asked to complete the Scale of Attitudes Toward Physician-Pharmacist Collaboration prior to the first course, following the first course, and following the second course. The physician-pharmacist collaboration scores of prospective health professions students increased significantly (p<0.001). Conclusions. Having prospective health professions students work in teams with pharmacy students to think and reflect in and outside the classroom improves their attitudes toward physician-pharmacist collaboration. PMID:24159210

Cornell, Susan; Fjortoft, Nancy; Bjork, Bryan C.; Chandar, Nalini; Green, Jacalyn M.; La Salle, Sophie; Viselli, Susan M.; Burdick, Paulette; Lynch, Sean M.

2013-01-01

252

A Reflective Account of a Working Fortnight in Bulgaria with 12 Post-Graduate Student Teachers of English and Geography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes student teachers' thoughts and feelings during a British Council funded project involving a working visit to Bulgaria for 12 student teachers of English and geography, examining the widely experienced feelings of otherness and noting other intercultural and interdisciplinary dimensions. The paper discusses the value of the project in…

Stevens, David

2000-01-01

253

Policies and Practices Regarding Alcohol and Illicit Drugs among American Secondary Schools and Their Association with Student Alcohol and Marijuana Use. YES Occasional Papers. Paper 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines school policies relating to alcohol and illicit drug use, and their associations with the prevalence of alcohol and marijuana use among students. Both "punitive" and "supportive" policies are examined. Other studies examining punitive disciplinary measures--such as close monitoring of student behavior, having various security…

Kumar, Revathy; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Johnston, Lloyd D.

2005-01-01

254

Student Services. Responding to Issues and Challenges. The Fifth Compendium of Papers by Student Services Officers of The University of North Carolina. June 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles by student affairs officers of The University of North Carolina focus on the theme of improving the quality of life for students during their time on campus. Programs, research, and thought being carried forward by student affairs professionals in North Carolina are noted. The 17 papers are as follows: (1) "A University System Response to…

North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. General Administration.

255

Paper  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Winner of the Apple Design Award among other honors, the Paper app is, above all else, beautiful. ItâÂÂs also convenient and user-friendly. Whether youâÂÂre doodling for fun or drawing out plans for a new kitchen, think about bringing your creative energy to your iPad with this hugely popular app. Available for iOS 7.0+.

2014-10-09

256

Institutional Determinants of Labor Market Outcomes for Community College Students in North Carolina. A CAPSEE Working Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent to which community college students experience labor market success depends on both the attributes of the individual students and the characteristics of the community colleges they attend. In this paper, we examine the impact of community college characteristics on the earnings of first-time college students who enrolled in the North…

Kalleberg, Arne L.; Dunn, Michael

2014-01-01

257

Improving student learning on a midwifery education programme by using a benchmark course portfolio as a means of reflection and peer review.  

PubMed

The idea of scholarship within disciplines has long been discussed in the relevant literature. The concept of scholarship in teaching and learning has its foundations in Boyer's (1990) seminal work Scholarship Reconsidered. In this, Boyer made the case for teaching to be enhanced and made public and to be credited with equal weight as research activity within academic institutions. The activities of teaching and learning are truly academia's raison d'être however they get obscured in the mists of the importance placed on research activity. To this end it is vital that educators begin to critically examine their teaching to fully inform research and practice. One of the lenses through which this can be done is through the act of reflection. Reflection on action as a process first described by Schön in 1983 (Schön, 2005) necessitates not only the critical examination of what we do but also what are the underlying assumptions about why we do what we do. The paper outlines such reflective portfolio submitted as part requirement for Postgraduate Diploma in Teaching and Learning in Higher Education. It examines student midwives learning using the reflective lens of the benchmark course portfolio. PMID:22520241

Murphy, Margaret M; Hughes, Mary; Sullivan, Cathy O

2013-08-01

258

A Study of Student Teachers' Reflections on their Beliefs, Thoughts, and Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to identify critical events that student teachers encountered and to investigate how the interaction between the characteristics of student teachers and their school environment influences their role-assumption strategies. Twenty-seven student teachers (15 elementary and 12 secondary) in three midwestern communities…

Mahlios, Marc; Soroka, Gary; Engstrom, Dorothy; Shaw, Donita Massengill

2008-01-01

259

On Improving Student Retention: Reflections on the NORCAL Project Following a Decade of Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research reports are cited in this examination of the applicability of the findings of a 1971 NORCAL Research Group student attrition study and Extended Opportunity Programs and Services (EOPS) legislation to today's non-traditional student. After brief descriptions of the composite profile of the "high risk" student, which was developed by the…

MacMillan, Thomas F.

260

Web-Based vs. Paper-Based Homework to Evaluate Students' Performance in Introductory Physics Courses and Students' Perceptions: Two Years Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main aim of this study was to assess and compare undergraduate students' homework performance using a web-based testing system with paper-based, hand-graded one in introductory physics courses. Students' perceptions about each method were then investigated. Every semester during the two-year period, one of the two identical sections of introductory physics course students received a paper-based homework while the other

Neset Demirci

2010-01-01

261

Graduate Student Ethics Paper Award The TTU Ethics Center is pleased to announce a new competition for the best  

E-print Network

Graduate Student Ethics Paper Award The TTU Ethics Center is pleased in responsible conduct of research, academic integrity, practical ethics, theoretical ethics ethics. A $500 prize will be awarded to the winning paper, $300 prize

Rock, Chris

262

Video Papers--A Means for Documenting Practitioners' Reflections on Practical Experiences: The Story of Two Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is documentation of the personal professional reflection processes as well as staff discussions reflecting the staff's ongoing efforts to improve the quality of teaching in the teacher education programme at the University of Bergen. The documentation is two-dimensional: video clips have been inserted into the traditional text form.…

Smith, Kari; Krumsvik, Rune

2007-01-01

263

Variation in Citational Practice in a Corpus of Student Biology Papers: From Parenthetical Plonking to Intertextual Storytelling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a corpus-based study of a key aspect of academic writing in one discipline (biology) by final-year undergraduates and first-, second-, and third-year graduate students. The papers come from the Michigan Corpus of Upper-level Student Papers, a freely available electronic database. The principal aim of the study is to examine the extent of…

Swales, John M.

2014-01-01

264

Personal, Reflective Writing: A Pedagogical Strategy for Teaching Business Students to Write  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of personal, reflective writing exercises is well documented in the disciplines of composition and management, and each discipline has been highly influential in establishing pedagogical practices in the business communication classroom. However, we see little evidence of the pedagogical practice, the use of personal reflective writing…

Lawrence, Holly

2013-01-01

265

Doctoral education in the sciences: African-American students reflect on their experiences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The number of African American students and professors in the hard sciences at colleges and universities across the country is strikingly low. If we are to increase diversity at our nation's colleges and universities, then we need to better understand the culture of graduate programs through the eyes of students who are seldom seen or heard. This study was undertaken to better understand the graduate school experiences and career aspirations of African American students enrolled in doctoral programs in the sciences at a large, predominantly white Research I University. The researcher hoped to better understand how these students view faculty careers and their experiences as doctoral students. In this qualitative study, the informants' unique experiences are presented as brief life histories chronicling their academic careers in the sciences. Through the stories that were told, it seems clear that more can be done to enhance the graduate school culture and prepare students for careers as college faculty.

Smith, Tonisha M.

266

Strategies for improving patient recruitment to focus groups in primary care: a case study reflective paper using an analytical framework  

PubMed Central

Background Recruiting to primary care studies is complex. With the current drive to increase numbers of patients involved in primary care studies, we need to know more about successful recruitment approaches. There is limited evidence on recruitment to focus group studies, particularly when no natural grouping exists and where participants do not regularly meet. The aim of this paper is to reflect on recruitment to a focus group study comparing the methods used with existing evidence using a resource for research recruitment, PROSPeR (Planning Recruitment Options: Strategies for Primary Care). Methods The focus group formed part of modelling a complex intervention in primary care in the Resources for Effective Sleep Treatment (REST) study. Despite a considered approach at the design stage, there were a number of difficulties with recruitment. The recruitment strategy and subsequent revisions are detailed. Results The researchers' modifications to recruitment, justifications and evidence from the literature in support of them are presented. Contrary evidence is used to analyse why some aspects were unsuccessful and evidence is used to suggest improvements. Recruitment to focus group studies should be considered in two distinct phases; getting potential participants to contact the researcher, and converting those contacts into attendance. The difficulty of recruitment in primary care is underemphasised in the literature especially where people do not regularly come together, typified by this case study of patients with sleep problems. Conclusion We recommend training GPs and nurses to recruit patients during consultations. Multiple recruitment methods should be employed from the outset and the need to build topic related non-financial incentives into the group meeting should be considered. Recruitment should be monitored regularly with barriers addressed iteratively as a study progresses. PMID:19772603

2009-01-01

267

The student as teacher: reflections on collaborative learning in a senior seminar.  

PubMed

A major influence on education since the 1950's has been Bloom's Taxonomy, a classification of learning objectives across multiple domains meant to educate the whole student (Anderson and Krathwohl, 2001). Although it has influenced educational pedagogy in primary education, higher education remains, in antiquity, heavily lecture based; viewing the instructor as an expert who professes their vast knowledge to their students. However, when students serve as instructor, it is difficult to apply this traditional view to the college classroom. Here we discuss the development, pedagogical approach, and experience of a senior level seminar course in which the students and instructor collaboratively explored an emerging field, embodied cognition, which combines research and theory from psychology and neuroscience among other disciplines, in which neither the students nor instructor were an expert. Students provided feedback and evaluations at three time points over the course of the semester, before class started, at midterm and at the end of the semester in order to address the experience and effectiveness of a collaborative seminar experience in which the instructor assumed a role closer to an equal of the students. Student responses revealed both high levels of satisfaction and degrees of perceived learning within the course at both the midterm and final evaluation. The approach of this seminar may be beneficial when applied to other seminars or course formats as students in this course felt as though they were learning more and appreciated being a more equal partner in their own learning process. PMID:24693265

Kurczek, Jake; Johnson, Jacob

2014-01-01

268

The Student as Teacher: Reflections on Collaborative Learning in a Senior Seminar  

PubMed Central

A major influence on education since the 1950’s has been Bloom’s Taxonomy, a classification of learning objectives across multiple domains meant to educate the whole student (Anderson and Krathwohl, 2001). Although it has influenced educational pedagogy in primary education, higher education remains, in antiquity, heavily lecture based; viewing the instructor as an expert who professes their vast knowledge to their students. However, when students serve as instructor, it is difficult to apply this traditional view to the college classroom. Here we discuss the development, pedagogical approach, and experience of a senior level seminar course in which the students and instructor collaboratively explored an emerging field, embodied cognition, which combines research and theory from psychology and neuroscience among other disciplines, in which neither the students nor instructor were an expert. Students provided feedback and evaluations at three time points over the course of the semester, before class started, at midterm and at the end of the semester in order to address the experience and effectiveness of a collaborative seminar experience in which the instructor assumed a role closer to an equal of the students. Student responses revealed both high levels of satisfaction and degrees of perceived learning within the course at both the midterm and final evaluation. The approach of this seminar may be beneficial when applied to other seminars or course formats as students in this course felt as though they were learning more and appreciated being a more equal partner in their own learning process. PMID:24693265

Kurczek, Jake; Johnson, Jacob

2014-01-01

269

Effects of Practicing Self-Monitoring of Mathematical Problem-Solving Heuristics on Impulsive and Reflective College Students' Heuristics Knowledge and Problem-Solving Ability  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors designed a step-by-step self-monitoring method to help impulsive students overcome their unwillingness to self-monitor. They predicted (a) that self-monitoring in general would help student learning of the heuristics of solving mathematical problems, (b) that self-monitoring would be more helpful for the impulsive students than for the reflective students, and (c) that step-by-step self-monitoring would be more helpful for

William Lan; Judi Repman; Seung-Youn Chyung

1998-01-01

270

What Satisfies Students? Mining Student-Opinion Data with Regression and Decision-Tree Analysis. AIR 2002 Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To investigate how students' characteristics and experiences affect satisfaction, this study used regression and decision-tree analysis with the CHAID algorithm to analyze student opinion data from a sample of 1,783 college students. A data-mining approach identifies the specific aspects of students' university experience that most influence three…

Thomas, Emily H.; Galambos, Nora

271

Reflections of Turkish International Graduate Students: Studies on Life at a U.S. Midwestern University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A modified version of Moustakas' (1994) method of analyzing phenomenological data was used to illuminate how full-time, single, Turkish international graduate students conceptualized their experiences as international students. The participants detailed common and salient aspects of their experience: personal growth, decisions regarding…

Burkholder, Jessica Reno

2014-01-01

272

Experiential Learning Using Second Life[R]: A Content Analysis of Student Reflective Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experiential learning allows students to connect previous experiences with new ideas. Second Life (SL) is a virtual world that allows students to simulate real-world experiences. SL was utilized as an educational tool in an agricultural risk and crisis communications course. Weekly journal entries pertaining to the SL simulation were analyzed to…

Leggette, Holli R.; Witt, Christy; Dooley, Kim E.; Rutherford, Tracy; Murphrey, Theresa Pesl; Doerfert, David; Edgar, Leslie D.

2012-01-01

273

Student Types as Reflection of Class Habitus: An Application of Bourdieu's Scholastic Fallacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Have college students become careerists rather than intellectuals? Are working-class students to blame for grade inflation, grade-grubbing, and the downscaling of the university's noble mission of educating the whole person? These assertions, although somewhat buried in a mass of facts and findings, are present in almost every research study on…

Hurst, Allison L.

2013-01-01

274

Reflective Course Construction: An Analysis of Student Feedback and Its Role in Curricular Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses formal and informal student feedback as a source for understanding the impact of experimental course elements. Responses were used to develop a codebook, which was then applied to the entire dataset. The results inform our understanding of student's conceptions of professional identity, learning styles and curriculum design.…

Mitchell, Erik

2013-01-01

275

Quiz Corrections: Improving Learning by Encouraging Students to Reflect on Their Mistakes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most introductory physics instructors administer several quizzes and/or exams each term. Instructors are willing to invest the significant time it takes to develop, administer, and grade these assessments because they believe that regular assessments help students learn. However, instructors also believe that students do not make full use of the…

Henderson, Charles; Harper, Kathleen A.

2009-01-01

276

My Former Students' Reflections on Having an Openly Gay Teacher in High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines how high school students were affected by having an openly gay teacher and compares its results to a previous study (Rofes, 2000). The author's lesbian, gay, or bisexual students experienced a sense of relief that they could finally feel comfortable about themselves, as well as feeling happy that others in the school were…

Macgillivray, Ian

2008-01-01

277

The Role of Student Reflection and Self-Assessment in College Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When properly implemented, the vision of "Beyond Crossroads" will result in classrooms where students are actively engaged and responsible for their learning. They are able to share their thinking and the teacher, in turn, can use the emerging understanding as a foundation for learning. According to "Beyond Crossroads," students will be expected…

Odafe, Victor

2010-01-01

278

The Dependence of Coping Behavior of the Students on Peculiarity of Subjective Reflection of the Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The representation level of the teacher in the inner world of the students is influencing the success in the study activities (Liimets H. I.). Because they are real accompaniers to students in the learning process, as in the temporal aspect, as well as in content, the question arises about the possibility of their impact on particular coping…

Fatima, Tashimova; Zukhra, Ismagambetova; Rima, Dzhansaraeyva; Alma, Mirsabekova; Aliya, Karabayeva; Farisa, Oskenbai

2013-01-01

279

The Reflection of CEC Standards Included in Student Teaching Handbooks: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student teaching handbooks from seven state-supported institutions of higher education that offered special education as a major in preservice teacher education programs were studied to determine the extent to which Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) standards for student teaching experiences were incorporated into teacher preparation…

Wilcox, Daryl; Putnam, Jon; Wigle, Stan; Jackson, Fay

280

Effects of Teaching and Learning Styles on Students' Reflection Levels for Ubiquitous Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ubiquitous learning (u-learning), in conjunction with supports from the digital world, is recognized as an effective approach for situating students in real-world learning environments. Earlier studies concerning u-learning have mainly focused on investigating the learning attitudes and learning achievements of students, while the causations such…

Hsieh, Sheng-Wen; Jang, Yu-Ruei; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Chen, Nian-Shing

2011-01-01

281

Addressing the Needs of Students with Social, Emotional, and Behavioral Problems: Reflections and Visions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with emotional and behavioral disorders continue to challenge educators, and their progress in school has not been favorable. In my experience, we have failed to implement some of the most promising practices with this group of students. In this article, I discuss three approaches, positive supports, mentoring and relationship building,…

Kern, Lee

2015-01-01

282

Peer Pedagogy: Student Collaboration and Reflection in a Learning-through-Design Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Existing research suggests that one of the challenges for teachers in persisting with innovative inquiry curricula is their difficulty scaffolding students' transitions into technology-supported and open-ended activities. The question of whether students can effectively scaffold one another's transitions has not been previously…

Ching, Cynthia Carter; Kafai, Yasmin B.

2008-01-01

283

Meaning making: What reflective essays reveal about biology students’ conceptions about natural selection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process of reflective writing can play a central role in making meaning as learners process new information and connect\\u000a it to prior knowledge. An examination of the written discourse can therefore be revealing of learners’ cognitive understanding\\u000a and affective (beliefs, feelings, motivation to learn) responses to concepts. Despite reflective writing being an important\\u000a learning tool, the role of this

Meena M. BalgopalLisa; Lisa M. Montplaisir

2011-01-01

284

Depressive rumination and past depression in Japanese university students: comparison of brooding and reflection.  

PubMed

The Ruminative Responses Scale, a measure of depressive rumination, contains two subscales: Brooding and Reflection. Treynor, Gonzalez, and Nolen-Hoeksema (2003) proposed that Brooding is maladaptive and Reflection is adaptive. This article examined the relationships among Brooding, Reflection, and previous depression in two samples of Japanese undergraduates, who were non-depressed at the time of their participation. Based on answers to a self-report measure, participants were divided into a formerly depressed group, who had experienced an episode that met the criteria for major depression, and a never-depressed group. Logistic regression analyses were conducted with Brooding, Reflection, and current depression as the independent variables and past depression as the dependent variable. Brooding had consistent positive associations with past depression. The relationship between Reflection and past depression was not significant for one sample, but was statistically significant and positive in the second sample. In the second sample, Brooding and Reflection both were related with past depression after controlling for worry. PMID:25074296

Hasegawa, Akira; Koda, Munenaga; Hattori, Yosuke; Kondo, Tsuyoshi; Kawaguchi, Jun

2014-06-01

285

Self-reflection, Epistemological Beliefs, and Conceptual Gains  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper, presented at the 2001 Physics Education Research Conference, presents research into how weekly journals written by students can begin to answer three questions related to epistemological beliefs and self-reflection: (1) How articulate are students in describing how they learn? (2) How consistently do students report particular ways of learning? (3) Are there correlations between these patterns (if they exist) and standard measures of conceptual understanding? Students' weekly written journals were analyzed for the quality of reflection on what and how they learn. The authors found that the high-gain students tended to write more than the low-gain students and showed reflection that was more epistemologically sound.

May, David; Etkina, Eugenia

2006-12-06

286

Self-reflection, Epistemological Beliefs, and Conceptual Gains  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper, presented at the 2001 Physics Education Research Conference, researchers discuss how they studied weekly journals written by students to begin answering three questions related to epistemological beliefs and self-reflection: (1) How articulate are students in describing how they learn? (2) How consistently do students report particular ways of learning? (3) Are there correlations between these patterns (if they exist) and standard measures of conceptual understanding? Students' weekly written journals were analyzed for the quality of reflection on what and how they learn. The authors found that the high-gain students tended to write more than the low-gain students and showed reflection that was more epistemologically sound.

Etkina, Eugenia

287

Drug Testing in Schools: Policies, Practices, and Association with Student Drug Use. YES Occasional Papers. Paper 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite considerable recent public and judicial attention to the issue of drug testing, little empirical research has focused on the relationship between drug testing in schools and the actual use of illicit drugs by students. To explore this issue, we use school-level survey data about drug testing from the Youth, Education, and Society study and…

Yamaguchi, Ryoko; Johnston, Lloyd D.; O'Malley, Patrick M.

2003-01-01

288

Drug Use among American College Students and Their Noncollege Age Peers. Monitoring the Future. Occasional Paper Series, Paper 25.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Monitoring the Future is an ongoing research program which annually surveys high school seniors and also performs followup surveys of previous high school classes. This study used five different questionnaire forms to examine illicit and licit (alcohol and nicotine) drug use among U.S. college students and their age-peers not in college. The…

Johnston, Lloyd D.; And Others

289

Reflections from the Chair of Students of Adult Education Special Interest Group  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author attended his first AAACE meeting in Louisville in 2004 as part of a contingent of students from the University of Tennessee. He had no idea at the time how important this organization would become to him and how much it would help him through a time of transition. At that time, he was a first-year Ph.D. student and was new to the…

Frye, Steven

2006-01-01

290

Paper on Data Describing Disabled Students in Post Secondary Education Taken from a Survey Study on: Needs of Students in Post Secondary Education in the State of Washington.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Disabled students (N=983) in the state of Washington were surveyed regarding what they felt they needed in postsecondary education services and facilities to gain the best possible education; 432 completed survey questionnaires were returned. The purpose of this paper is to describe how students' characteristics vary with the type of postsecondary…

Trowbridge, Jack; Mannelly, Kathy

291

Web-Based vs. Paper-Based Homework to Evaluate Students' Performance in Introductory Physics Courses and Students' Perceptions: Two Years Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of this study was to assess and compare undergraduate students' homework performance using a web-based testing system with paper-based, hand-graded one in introductory physics courses. Students' perceptions about each method were then investigated. Every semester during the two-year period, one of the two identical sections of…

Demirci, Neset

2010-01-01

292

Summary of the June 2009 Educationtoday Crisis Survey: Initial Reflections on the Impact of the Economic Crisis on Education. OECD Education Working Papers, No. 43  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides initial reflections on the impact of the economic crisis on education across the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) area by analysing the OECD educationtoday crisis survey responses of June 2009. It first looks at the impact of the crisis on education demand and participation, after which the focus…

Karkkainen, Kiira

2010-01-01

293

Insuring Equity in Student Selection under Chapter 1. Research on Evaluation Program. Paper and Report Series No. 84.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes and illustrates a decision theory model to analyze student selection strategies in Chapter 1 programs. The relationship between the method and the practice of moral evaluation activity is based on viewing justice as a fundamental moral concern in distributing resources, one which is accomplished, in part, through student

Murray, Stephen L.; Braverman, Marc T.

294

Student Sorting and Bias in Value Added Estimation: Selection on Observables and Unobservables. NBER Working Paper No. 14666  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Non-random assignment of students to teachers can bias value added estimates of teachers' causal effects. Rothstein (2008a, b) shows that typical value added models indicate large counter-factual effects of 5th grade teachers on students' 4th grade learning, indicating that classroom assignments are far from random. This paper quantifies the…

Rothstein, Jesse

2009-01-01

295

Peer Learning and Reflection: Strategies Developed by Vocal Students in a Transforming Tertiary Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this article is on the analysis of reflection and peer learning in the pedagogical environment. The research draws on findings from a three-year Australian study, which aimed to develop and critically evaluate a model of vocal pedagogy influenced by sociocultural theories. The model sought to position Vygotsky's theories in the…

Latukefu, Lotte

2009-01-01

296

Terrain Traps: Barriers to Effective Reflective Practice in Undergraduate Vocational Outdoor Leadership Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outdoor practitioners widely embed reflective practice (RP) into the delivery of experiential education, but its contribution to their continued professional development remains under developed; by default, claims of its worth to the experiential education, they deliver must be approached with caution. Although the value of RP has been established…

Hickman, M.; Collins, D.

2014-01-01

297

Assessing, Teaming, and Reflecting: Student Outcomes from Participating in a Play-Based Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preparing early childhood education (ECE) and early childhood special education (ECSE) professionals to work with young children with and without disabilities entails the acquisition of content, its application, and opportunities for reflection. This article describes a component of an ECSE assessment course focusing on the logistics and process…

Bruns, Deborah A.; Cooley, Marissa

2010-01-01

298

Can Inquiry and Reflection Be Contagious? Science Teachers, Students, and Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the transformations of 3 science teachers who conducted action research projects following a model, unique to our graduate program, which follows the theoretical tenets of adult and transformative learning theory. Teachers video their teaching, engage in weekly peer group collaborative reflection sessions, collaborate with…

Lebak, Kimberly; Tinsley, Ron

2010-01-01

299

Developing a Capacity to Engage in Critical Reflection: Students' "Ways of Knowing" within an Undergraduate Business and Accounting Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of a capacity to engage in critical reflection is central to higher education. However, students vary in this capacity and its development requires students to move from an absolute towards a contextual way of knowing. Using 32 semi-structured interviews, this study identifies the ways of knowing of 17 business and accounting…

Lucas, Ursula; Tan, Phaik Leng

2013-01-01

300

The Influence of Reflective Opposite-Sex Norms and Importance of Opposite-Sex Approval on Adjudicated Student Drinking: Theoretical Extensions and Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the salience and influence of reflective norms regarding opposite- sex friends, dating, and sexual partners on drinking behaviors of heterosexual college students sanctioned for violating the campus alcohol policy (i.e., adjudicated students). Results revealed that the level of importance placed on approval from the opposite…

Hummer, Justin F.; LaBrie, Joseph W.; Lac, Andrew; Louie, Brian

2013-01-01

301

Negotiated meanings of disability simulations in an adapted physical activity course: learning from student reflections.  

PubMed

Disability simulations have been used as a pedagogical tool to simulate the functional and cultural experiences of disability. Despite their widespread application, disagreement about their ethical use, value, and efficacy persists. The purpose of this study was to understand how postsecondary kinesiology students experienced participation in disability simulations. An interpretative phenomenological approach guided the study's collection of journal entries and clarifying one-on-one interviews with four female undergraduate students enrolled in a required adapted physical activity course. The data were analyzed thematically and interpreted using the conceptual framework of situated learning. Three themes transpired: unnerving visibility, negotiating environments differently, and tomorrow I'll be fine. The students described emotional responses to the use of wheelchairs as disability artifacts, developed awareness of environmental barriers to culturally and socially normative activities, and moderated their discomfort with the knowledge they could end the simulation at any time. PMID:24762388

Leo, Jennifer; Goodwin, Donna

2014-04-01

302

Allee: BEST STUDENT PAPER 2007 (Left to right) Molly Morris, Karen Marby, Meg Crofoot and Ximena Bernal  

E-print Network

Allee: BEST STUDENT PAPER 2007 (Left to right) Molly Morris, Karen Marby, Meg Crofoot and Ximena habitat type affects dispersal behavior". Two runners-up were Margaret Crofoot, Harvard University, "The

Bernal, Ximena E.

303

Do Student Evaluations of University Reflect Inaccurate Beliefs or Actual Experience? A Relative Rank Model  

PubMed Central

It was shown that student satisfaction ratings are influenced by context in ways that have important theoretical and practical implications. Using questions from the UK's National Student Survey, the study examined whether and how students' expressed satisfaction with issues such as feedback promptness and instructor enthusiasm depends on the context of comparison (such as possibly inaccurate beliefs about the feedback promptness or enthusiasm experienced at other universities) that is evoked. Experiment 1 found strong effects of experimentally provided comparison context—for example, satisfaction with a given feedback time depended on the time's relative position within a context. Experiment 2 used a novel distribution-elicitation methodology to determine the prior beliefs of individual students about what happens in universities other than their own. It found that these beliefs vary widely and that students' satisfaction was predicted by how they believed their experience ranked within the distribution of others' experiences. A third study found that relative judgement principles also predicted students' intention to complain. An extended model was developed to show that purely rank-based principles of judgement can account for findings previously attributed to range effects. It was concluded that satisfaction ratings and quality of provision are different quantities, particularly when the implicit context of comparison includes beliefs about provision at other universities. Quality and satisfaction should be assessed separately, with objective measures (such as actual times to feedback), rather than subjective ratings (such as satisfaction with feedback promptness), being used to measure quality wherever practicable. © 2014 The Authors. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. PMID:25620847

Brown, Gordon D A; Wood, Alex M; Ogden, Ruth S; Maltby, John

2015-01-01

304

Student Cancer Journals- Personal Reflections and Research on Life and Death Issues  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students are "given" symptoms of particular cancers, and are given diagnoses, treatments, and prognoses. They are asked to research their particular symptoms, type of cancer, treatment regimens from a variety of sources, including journal articles, textbooks, personal interview with doctors, scientists, related agencies, and cancer patients. They are asked to make decisions about whether they would accept treatment, whether their own insurance would cover such treatment and then they "flip a coin" to determine the efficacy of their treatments (if they accept them) and also the final cure/mortality outcome. Students maintain journals of their activity and are graded for accuracy of research and completion of objectives.

BEGIN:VCARD VERSION:2.1 FN:Andrea Cobb N:Cobb;Andrea ORG:Chantilly High School REV:2005-04-12 END:VCARD

1995-06-30

305

Influences of SO 2 and O 3 on the ageing of paper investigated by in situ diffuse reflectance FTIR and time-resolved trace gas analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The interactions of SO 2 and O 3 with fresh or aged bleached softwood pulp have been investigated using two techniques. The dry deposition of SO 2(g) on paper was studied using on-line gas analysis. Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transform (DRIFT) spectrometry was applied in situ to characterise the paper surface during exposure to the pollutants. The DRIFT technique is shown to be sensitive enough to measure very small changes on the paper surface. The initial reaction on paper subjected to SO 2 and O 3 is shown to be the protonation of carboxylate groups present on the fibre, the hydrogen ions being added through the interaction of SO 2 with the moisture present in the paper. Results supportive of the protonation are produced by exposure of the aged paper to NH 3(g). The results show that the combination of these techniques has a potential to show the degradation chemistry of paper under ambient conditions.

Johansson, Anna; Lennholm, Helena

2000-07-01

306

The Academic Consequences of Employment for Students Enrolled in Community College. CCRC Working Paper No. 46  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students are increasingly combining studying with paid employment, and community college students tend to work even longer hours compared with students at four-year colleges. Yet, there is little evidence on the academic consequences of community college students' term-time employment. Using a rare administrative dataset from Washington…

Dadgar, Mina

2012-01-01

307

State Profits on Tax-Exempt Student Loan Bonds: Analysis and Options. Background Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The source of profits earned by states as a result of tax-exempt bonds issued to raise funds for college student loans is analyzed, as are various proposals to reduce these profits. Background information about both student loan bond programs and student loans is presented, along with an explanation of how issuers of student loan bonds are able to…

Gensheimer, Cynthia Francis

308

Student Reflections as Artifacts of Self-Regulatory Behaviors for Learning: A Tale of Two Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rapid growth of online and blended learning environments in both higher education and K-12, along with the development of innovative game based, narrative driven, problem-based learning (PBL) systems known as Alternate Reality Games (AltRG), has led to the need to understand student's abilities to self-regulate their learning behaviors…

Bigenho, Christopher William

2011-01-01

309

Co-Creating Metaphor in the Classroom for Deeper Learning: Graduate Student Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Metaphors are pervasive and accessible thinking and learning machines that have the ability to disrupt and transform our patterns of thought. While much has been written about metaphor as a pedagogical tool, the potential learning opportunity that arises when students co-create metaphor within the classroom as a way to make sense and meaning of…

Willox, Ashlee Cunsolo; Harper, Sherilee L.; Bridger, Dawson; Morton, Stephanie; Orbach, Ariella; Sarapura, Silvia

2010-01-01

310

Relations among College Supervisors, Cooperating Teachers, and Student Teachers in a Reflective Teacher Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examined the personal practical theories (PPTs) of the members of the supervisory triad--college supervisor, cooperating teacher, and student teacher--to discover whether PPTs could provide information about relationships within the triad. Three preservice teachers, three college supervisors, and five cooperating teachers…

Stern, Barbara Slater

311

Analysis of Student Service-Learning Reflections for the Assessment of Transferable-Skills Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The civil and environmental engineering (CEE) programs at the University of Vermont (UVM) incorporate systems thinking and a systems approach to sustainable engineering problem solving. A systems approach considers long-term social, environmental and economic factors within the context of the engineering problem solution and encompasses sustainable engineering solutions. Our goal is to prepare students to become leaders in their chosen

D. M. Rizzo; M. Dewoolkar; N. Hayden; L. Oka; A. R. Pearce

2010-01-01

312

In Accord with Nature: Helping Students Form an Environmental Ethic Using Outdoor Experience and Reflection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book demonstrates how educators and youth leaders can help middle-school and older students understand and define their relationship with nature and learn the importance of protecting the environment. Chapter 1 defines environmental ethics and discusses biocentric and anthropocentric ways of seeing the world. Chapter 2 examines how ecology,…

Knapp, Clifford E.

313

Learner-Centered Environments: Creating Effective Strategies Based on Student Attitudes and Faculty Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learner-centered environments effectively implement multiple teaching techniques to enhance students' higher education experience and provide them with greater control over their academic learning. This qualitative study involves an exploration of the eight reasons for learner-centered teaching found in Terry Doyle's 2008 book,…

Bishop, Catharine F.; Caston, Michael I.; King, Cheryl A.

2014-01-01

314

Adapting Objective Structured Clinical Examinations to Assess Social Work Students' Performance and Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of standardized, valid, and reliable methods for assessment of students' practice competence continues to be a challenge for social work educators. In this study, the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE), originally used in medicine to assess performance through simulated interviews, was adapted for social work to…

Bogo, Marion; Regehr, Cheryl; Logie, Carmen; Katz, Ellen; Mylopoulos, Maria; Regehr, Glenn

2011-01-01

315

Student Reflections: The Impact of Dual Enrollment on Transitions to a State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dual enrollment is one means of facilitating increased degree productivity, which can lead to the more educated workforce needed in today's society. This qualitative study was designed to obtain student perceptions about their dual enrollment experience, including how it impacted their decision to go to college and what comparisons they would make…

Lewis, Theresa Lyvette

2009-01-01

316

Toward Intentional, Reflective, and Assimilative Classroom Practices with Students with FASD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The value of research-informed classroom practices is well recognized and thus this qualitative study was designed to explore, from multiple perspectives, the experiences and influences of classroom practices for students with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). The inductive analysis of 11 focus groups and three interviews involving 60…

Poth, Cheryl; Pei, Jacqueline; Job, Jenelle M.; Wyper, Katherine

2014-01-01

317

Teaching Students to Deconstruct Life Experience with Addictions: A Structured Reflection Exercise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students come to the classroom with life experience that may reinforce stigmatization of those who struggle with addiction. Educators must address this dynamic directly if addiction practitioners are to move beyond their personal experiences and come to understand the neuroscience of addiction, evidence-based practices, and the human potential for…

Lay, Kathy; McGuire, Lisa

2008-01-01

318

Doctoral Students' Experience with Using the Reflecting Team Model of Supervision Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence of the increasing use of technology in counselor education is indicated by the increase in journal articles, programs, websites, and books on this topic (Albrecht & Jones, 2001; Layne & Hohenshil, 2005). The Internet has emerged as an important tool in the training and supervision of counseling students (Conn, Roberts, & Powell, 2009;…

Sindlinger, Jodi

2011-01-01

319

Reflecting on Scientists' Activity Based on Science Fiction Stories Written by Secondary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the authors resort to a qualitative analysis of the plot of science fiction stories about a group of scientists, written by two 11th-grade Earth and Life Science students (aged 17), and to semi-structured interviews, with the double purpose of diagnosing their conceptions of the nature of science (namely, as regards scientists'…

Reis, Pedro; Galvao, Cecilia

2007-01-01

320

Simulated Sustainable Societies: Students' Reflections on Creating Future Cities in Computer Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The empirical study, in this article, involved 42 students (ages 14-15), who used the urban simulation computer game SimCity 4 to create models of sustainable future cities. The aim was to explore in what ways the simulated "real" worlds provided by this game could be a potential facilitator for science learning contexts. The topic investigated is…

Nilsson, Elisabet M.; Jakobsson, Anders

2011-01-01

321

Reflective Process in Play Therapy: A Practical Model for Supervising Counseling Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselor educators and other supervisors, who work with graduate student counseling interns utilizing Play Therapy, should be educated, grounded, and trained in theory, supervision, and techniques specific to Play Therapy. Unfortunately, this is often not the case. Therefore, a three step model was created to assist those who do not have specific…

Allen, Virginia B.; Folger, Wendy A.; Pehrsson, Dale-Elizabeth

2007-01-01

322

Reflections on Recruiting, Supporting, Retaining, Graduating, and Obtaining Employment for Doctoral Students from Diverse Backgrounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors provide a summary of the current techniques being used to recruit, retain, and support a diverse range of scholars, including students with disabilities, in a doctoral program. The manuscript provides a summary of the current need for leadership personnel who are scholars with knowledge in special education, general…

Dieker, Lisa; Wienke, Wilfred; Straub, Carrie; Finnegan, Lisa

2014-01-01

323

[Tobacco: knowledge, reasoning and opinion of high school students in Doubs. Reflections on prevention].  

PubMed

The prevalence of smoking has increased among young people aged 14 to 18 between 1993 and 1999, and most notably among girls within the same period. These observations illustrate the necessity for significant changes in mass media campaigns and education programmes related to the prevention of smoking among youth. The objective of this survey, initiated by the city of Besançon and the French National Mutual Insurance of Doubs, was to describe and analyse the knowledge and rationale of high school students on tobacco and their opinions in terms of prevention. Twelve public and private high schools in Besançon and Morteau (Doubs-France) participated in the survey; the group also represented a mix of general and professional schools. The questionnaire was filled out by 970 students selected at random. 96% of the students indicated cancer as being the main illness linked to tobacco and 94% stated that second-hand smoke constitutes a health risk. 61% admitted to seeking out the psychoactive effects of smoking. The students responses confirm that the types of messages relayed in a smoking prevention campaign which have an impact on them are: evoking fear of death (74%) and the use of humor (16%). One-third of high school students find that it is unacceptable to forbid smoking on school premises. The knowledge of the dangers related to smoking is not sufficient to keep young people from smoking and confirms that an educational approach based solely on knowledge and facts will not be sufficient to decrease their tobacco consumption. It is important to take into account the image that young people have of tobacco as a means to combat stress in future prevention strategies and campaigns. PMID:12806810

Michaud, C; Saraiva, I; Henry, Y; Dodane, M

2003-03-01

324

The Effects of Reflective and Reflexive writing prompts on Students' Self-Regulation and Academic Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study investigated the effect writing prompts designed to elicit reflection on short-term, academic goals have on participants’ self-regulated learning strategies and on their academic performance, and it investigated the effect writing prompts designed to elicit reflexive thinking about future-oriented, career goals have on participants’ self-regulated learning strategies and on their academic performance. Academic performance was measured using two skills

Kerry Jean Burner

2007-01-01

325

Reflecting on Scientists' Activity Based on Science Fiction Stories Written by Secondary Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article the authors resort to a qualitative analysis of the plot of science fiction stories about a group of scientists, written by two 11th?grade Earth and Life Science students (aged 17), and to semi?structured interviews, with the double purpose of diagnosing their conceptions of the nature of science (namely, as regards scientists’ activity), and discussing the potentialities of

Pedro Reis; Cecília Galvão

2007-01-01

326

Becoming a Reflective Practitioner in the Age of Accountability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on Zeichner's levels of reflection (Liston and Zeichner 1996), this study uses a fine-grain analysis of portfolio entries to describe the reflective practice of a cohort of preservice secondary education teachers as they student teach, participate in a student teaching seminar, and prepare the Vermont Licensure Portfolio. The paper raises…

Nagle, James F.

2009-01-01

327

Paper Quilts: Exploring Flips and Slides  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Students explore the geometric transformations of reflection and translation. Students create a design, then, using flips and slides, make a four-part paper "mini-quilt" using that design as the basis. While the formal terms are reflection and translation, the more informal terms slide and flip are used at this stage. The experience focuses studentsâ attention on the changes these geometric transformations make in a student-designed quilt square." (from Illuminations, NCTM)

Mathematics, Illuminations N.

2009-07-07

328

Shaping Teachers' Minds: Reflections on Cultural Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper highlights certain cultural models that have been effective in swaying culturally inexperienced teachers to reflect upon their attitudes and biases toward culture and literacy. It presents the actual reflections of student teachers as they respond to learning about cultural models of learning and discourse that may differ from their…

Aminy, Marina; Neophytos-Richardson, Aspasia

329

Ensuring Student Success through Collaboration: Summer Institute Papers and Recommendations of the Council of Chief State School Officers, 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains papers that were commissioned for the 1992 Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) Summer Institute. These papers form the basis for the CCSSO's study of school-community collaboration, which focuses on the role of the community in ensuring the success of all students. Following the acknowledgements and introduction,…

Council of Chief State School Officers, Washington, DC.

330

Meaningful Work: How the History Research Paper Prepares Students for College and Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many elementary teachers teach students to write, but this writing tends to focus only on students writing about themselves or writing short stories. Because students do not spend enough time in the early grades reading nonfiction in science and history, they lack the knowledge--of both content and the nature of nonfiction writing--necessary to…

Fitzhugh, Will

2012-01-01

331

Teacher Quality in Educational Production. Tracking, Decay, and Student Achievement. NBER Working Paper No. 14442  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing concerns over the achievement of U.S. students have led to proposals to reward good teachers and penalize (or fire) bad ones. The leading method for assessing teacher quality is "value added" modeling (VAM), which decomposes students' test scores into components attributed to student heterogeneity and to teacher quality. Implicit in the…

Rothstein, Jesse

2008-01-01

332

Measuring the Quality of VET Using the Student Outcomes Survey. Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this report is to examine the potential use of information from the Student Outcomes Survey, including the use of student course satisfaction information and post-study outcomes, as a means of determining markers of training quality. In an analysis of the student course satisfaction measures, the authors found there are very small…

Lee, Wang-Sheng; Polidano, Cain

2010-01-01

333

The Impact of Institutional Effectiveness on Student Retention. AIR 1996 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study at Barry University (Florida), a private, urban comprehensive university investigated factors in student retention. Demographic data, standardized test scores, and academic performance data were gathered for almost 3,000 students entering the university between fall 1991 and spring 1995. In addition, the students were surveyed on…

Molnar, David

334

Pieces of the Puzzle: Success of Remedial and Non-Remedial Students. AIR 2002 Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students successful in developmental coursework later do as well or better than students not needing developmental courses. This study examined the performance of 3,873 students new to a college for the fall 1997 semester through the spring 2001 semester. Analysis of variance and logistic regression were used to tease out effects of level of…

Crane, Laura R.; McKay, Elizabeth R.; Poziemski, Christine

335

When I Stopped Writing on Their Papers: Accommodating the Needs of Student Writers with Audio Comments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author finds using software to make audio comments on students' writing improves students' understanding of her responses and increases their willingness to take her suggestions for revision more seriously. In the process of recording audio comments, she came to a new understanding of her students' writing needs and her responsibilities as…

Bauer, Sara

2011-01-01

336

Shirley and the Battle of Agincourt: Why It Is So Hard for Students To Write Persuasive Researched Analyses. Occasional Paper No. 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper connects recent research with common student problems in writing research papers and offers an analysis of the range of synthesis tasks and some reasons why students have difficulty with the demands of these tasks. The paper focuses on the student's problem of not knowing how to think about material in ways that allow him or her to say…

Kantz, Margaret

337

Thirty Years of Distance Education: Personal Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reflects on the evolving experience of modern distance education (DE) as a field of practice for professionals and as a medium for student access to education and training. The writer's 30 years in the field, as both teacher and student, has coincided with the five-stage evolution of DE delivery defined by Taylor (1995-2010). The author…

McKee, Terralyn

2010-01-01

338

Strategies for improving patient recruitment to focus groups in primary care: a case study reflective paper using an analytical framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Recruiting to primary care studies is complex. With the current drive to increase numbers of patients involved in primary care studies, we need to know more about successful recruitment approaches. There is limited evidence on recruitment to focus group studies, particularly when no natural grouping exists and where participants do not regularly meet. The aim of this paper is

Jane V Dyas; Tanefa Apekey; Michelle Tilling; A Niroshan Siriwardena

2009-01-01

339

A framework for assessing learning assistants' reflective writing assignments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At Florida International University we have implemented a learning assistant (LA) program based on the Colorado Learning Assistant Model. [1] As a part of this program, students take a course on science and mathematics education theory and practice in which they are required to submit written reflections. Past anecdotal evidence suggests that students in the LAP at Florida International University are using these writing assignments to reflect on their teaching experiences. The purpose of this study was to a) determine if the writing assignments submitted give evidence that our students are engaging in reflection and b) determine if our students are engaging in deep levels of reflection. In this investigation, we relied on a rubric based on Hatton and Smith's (1995) [2] "Criteria for the Recognition of Evidence for Different Types of Reflective Writing." In this paper, we document a) a system for characterizing student reflections and b) how we give them feedback.

Cochran, Geraldine L.; Brookes, David T.; Kramer, Laird H.

2013-01-01

340

Alaska Native Students and College Success. ISER Occasional Paper No. 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Factors contributing to Native students' college success were examined in a study of 50 Native freshmen and 42 non-Native freshmen at the University of Alaska in the 1973-74 academic year. The study compared students in relation to three common explanations of college success: level of academic preparation, goal orientation, ease in the campus…

Kleinfeld, Judith

341

Student Success Courses and Educational Outcomes at Virginia Community Colleges. CCRC Working Paper No. 40  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the Virginia Community College System and building upon prior Florida-based research, this study examines whether student success course enrollment has positive associations with shorter term student outcomes, including earning any college credits within the first year and persisting into the second year. The present study finds…

Cho, Sung-Woo; Karp, Melinda Mechur

2012-01-01

342

Utility and Equity in Student Placement. Research on Evaluation Program, Paper and Report Series No. 56.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues in student placement, particularly of economically disadvantaged gifted students, are addressed. After a brief review of the legislative history of efforts to identify and serve this population, the conceptual framework of two diverse theoretical positions, decision theory and justice as fairness, is examined. Decision theory is considered…

Murray, Stephen L.

343

Standards-Based Accountability: A Design for Student Success. A Position Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California's continuous-improvement accountability system in which all elements are aligned and work together for the purpose of promoting and improving student learning is presented. The state's comprehensive, standards-based system rests on five key components: (1) student learning and achievement are at the heart of education; (2) standards are…

Association of California School Administrators.

344

Evaluating Student Outcomes at For-Profit Colleges. NBER Working Paper No. 18201  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the Beginning Postsecondary Student Survey, we examine the effect on earnings of obtaining certificates/degrees from for-profit, not-for-profit, and public institutions. Students who enter certificate programs at any type of institution do not gain from earning a certificate. However, among those entering associates degree programs, there…

Lang, Kevin; Weinstein, Russell

2012-01-01

345

Writing about Writing: The Challenge of Helping Students "Get It Down on Paper"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When teaching writing, this author states that there is nothing harder than trying to get a quality product, one worth reading, from a high school student. The author, however, has high hopes for the new Common Core standards, which call for students to "write routinely over extended time frames and shorter time frames for a range of tasks,…

Waddell, Andy

2014-01-01

346

Students' Suggestions for Improving Their Vocational Education and Training Experience. Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis of student verbatim responses in the Student Outcomes Survey provides suggestions for how the vocational education and training (VET) system could be improved. Eight major domains are discussed: course relevance and design; staff attributes and behaviours; teaching and learning practices; access to courses; facilities and services;…

Misko, Josie; Priest, Suellen

2009-01-01

347

Meandering Ways: Studying Student Stopout with Survival Analysis. AIR 1994 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study applied newly-developed methods of survival analysis with repeated events to a longitudinal data set in order to illustrate stopout hazards for college students. Survival analysis incorporates cases of students returning to college and not yet returning to college in a single analysis. This study applied a multiple-spell survival…

Ronco, Sharron L.

348

Disciplinary and Departmental Effects on Faculty and Student Misconduct. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated how academic norms, expectations and rules affect the experiences of graduate students, particularly in regards to reported academic misconduct at disciplinary and departmental levels. The study used a hierarchical linear analysis with data from a nationwide survey of 2,000 graduate students in chemistry, civil engineering,…

Anderson, Melissa S.; And Others

349

Student Persistence Patterns: A Computerized System for Monitoring Enrollment. AIR Forum 1982 Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The design and development of a computerized student flow model at Eastern Montana College and its use in monitoring student enrollment are considered. In addition, guidelines are presented for adapting a flow model to the dimensions of a particular institution. Particular emphasis is given to reviewing the criteria that researchers should use…

Van Dyk, Jane M.; Kerstein, Dianne

350

A Study of Student Transition to College. AIR 1996 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

White, Black, and Hispanic students were studied during their transition from school or work to a community college. Students (N=71) at the College of Lake County (CLC) in Illinois attended focus groups formed according to race or ethnic group (White, Black, or Hispanic) in the spring and fall semesters to discuss their goals, experience, and…

Weissman, Julie; And Others

351

Assessing the Effect of Programs Designed To Enhance Student Success. AIR 1999 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the effectiveness of a variety of academic intervention programs designed to improve the success of "at risk" students at one university. Most programs were designed to either help students in a particular course (such as calculus or chemistry) or in a particular major. The performance benchmark used to assess program…

Ammerman, Peter A.; McLaughlin, Gerald W.; Brozovsky, Paul V.

352

Foreign Student Advising as a Profession: The 1984 Survey. NAFSA Field Service Working Paper #4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of foreign student advisors (n=800) with a response rate of 485 or 61% was conducted in 1984 to provide the National Association for Foreign Student Affairs (NAFSA) with data on the backgrounds of its members. Findings indicated that: (1) less than 50% were employed on a full-time basis; (2) over 94% held academic degrees; (3) there was…

Millett-Sorensen, Karin; Crownhart, Skip

353

Reflecting Squarely  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this problem students use spatial awareness and visualization to solve problems related to reflection (bilateral) symmetry. Learners are given three shapes and must assemble as many different but symmetrical composites as possible. Ideas for implementation, extension and support are included along with printable sheets of the shapes and a poster.

2009-04-01

354

The Gateway to the Profession: Assessing Teacher Preparation Programs Based on Student Achievement. CEDR Working Paper 2012-4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With teacher quality repeatedly cited as the most important "schooling" factor influencing student achievement, there has been increased interest in examining the efficacy of teacher training programs. This paper presents the results of research investigating the relationship between teachers who graduate from different training programs and…

Goldhaber, Dan; Liddle, Stephanie; Theobald, Roddy

2012-01-01

355

The Effect of Performance-Pay in Little Rock, Arkansas on Student Achievement. Working Paper 2008-02  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines evidence from a performance-pay program implemented in five Little Rock, Arkansas elementary schools between 2004 and 2007. Using a differences-in-differences approach, the evidence shows that students whose teachers were eligible for performance pay made substantially larger test score gains in math, reading, and language than…

Winters, Marcus; Greene, Jay P.; Ritter, Gary; Marsh, Ryan

2008-01-01

356

Spanish Students and Teachers' Preferences towards Computer-Based and Paper-and-Pencil Tests at Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to identify and analyze some significant features that influence students and teachers about computer-based tests (CBT) and paper-and-pencil tests (P&P) at the context of the PAULEX Project. In order to do that, a large experiment has been developed at the Universidad Politecnica de Valencia (Polytechnic University of…

De-Siqueira, Jose Macario; Peris-Fajarnes, Guillermo; Gimenez, Fernando; Magal-Royo, Teresa

2009-01-01

357

Outstanding Student Paper Awards: Atmospheric and Space Electricity, Geodesy, Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism, and Planetary Sciences (Fall Meeting 2003)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following members in the Atmospheric & Space Electricity, Geodesy, Geomagnetism & Paleomagnetism, and Planetary Sciences Sections received Outstanding Student Paper Awards at the 2003 AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco, California. (Winners in other sections will be announced in subsequent issues of Eos.)

2004-02-01

358

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Investigation into Sugar Cane versus Wood Fiber Paper  

E-print Network

University of British Columbia APSC 262 April 4, 2013 Disclaimer: "UBC SEEDS provides students% recycled wood fibre paper used at the University of British Columbia. The investigation relies heavily, SO2 and NOx emission, chemical waste of pulping/bleaching process, renewability and life cycle reveal

359

Impact of Guided-Inquiry-Based Instruction with a Writing and Reflection Emphasis on Chemistry Students' Critical Thinking Abilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) laboratory instruction approach has been used successfully over a decade to engage students in laboratory activities. SWH-based instruction emphasizes knowledge construction through individual writing and reflection, and collaborative learning as a group. In the SWH approach, writing is a core component of…

Gupta, Tanya; Burke, K. A.; Mehta, Akash; Greenbowe, Thomas J.

2015-01-01

360

APPLICATION FOR DEPARTMENTAL "HONORS IN PSYCHOLOGY" This form reflects requirements for students who declared the major in Fall 2007 or later.  

E-print Network

PSYC 102 102 3 Abnormal Psychology PSYC 110 110 3 Research Methods: Honors requires both Methods (120APPLICATION FOR DEPARTMENTAL "HONORS IN PSYCHOLOGY" This form reflects requirements for students: _______ Intended Graduation Date: ___________ Whether or not to award Departmental Honors in Psychology

Su, Xiao

361

Experiencing ERASMUS: Reflections on Integrating Polish Psychology Students onto a Year of a Degree in the UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The European Community Action Scheme for the Mobility of University Students (ERASMUS) supports students to pursue temporary periods of study in other European universities. During the academic year 2007/08 the UK received 15, 975 ERASMUS students. Although much research exists about the experiences of international students less attention has…

Mercer, Jenny

2011-01-01

362

University Students' Strategies for Constructing Hypothesis When Tackling Paper-and-Pencil Tasks in Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study we present tries to explore how first year engineering students formulate hypotheses in order to construct their own problem solving structure when confronted with problems in physics. Under the constructivistic perspective of the teaching-learning process, the formulation of hypotheses plays a key role in contrasting the coherence of…

Guisasola, Jenaro; Ceberio, Mikel; Zubimendi, Jose Luis

2006-01-01

363

Three ESL Students Writing a Policy Paper Assignment: An Activity-Analytic Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How university students write from sources has been an issue of long-standing interest among researchers of advanced academic literacy. Previous research in this regard in the context of L2 writing has tended to focus on novices' textual borrowing; less attention has been given to exploring the potential light that theories from other intellectual…

Li, Yongyan

2013-01-01

364

The Student Rights Issue: The Strategy for the Prevention of Genocide. Position Paper No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education for black children in the United States is still an education for slavery. Public education for the oppressed has one objective: to destroy the positive self-image of black children. The destruction of self-image is necessary to destroy motivation in black children. This makes the climate ripe for genocide. The core of the student rights…

Thomas, Arthur E.

365

Toward Improving the Quality of Incoming Students While Maintaining Fairness in Admissions. AIR Forum 1980 Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem of improving the quality of incoming college students and practicing fairness in admissions was studied at Boston College. The study sample was over 2000 accepted applicants who completed an admissions questionnaire. A systematic admissions procedure is described that provides an index of applicant "quality," and the rating process is…

Lay, Robert; Maguire, John

366

Are Big-Time Sports a Threat to Student Achievement? NBER Working Paper No. 17677  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We consider the relationship between collegiate-football success and non-athlete student performance. We find that the team's success significantly reduces male grades relative to female grades. This phenomenon is only present in fall quarters, which coincides with the football season. Using survey data, we find that males are more likely than…

Lindo, Jason M.; Swensen, Isaac D.; Waddell, Glen R.

2011-01-01

367

How Do Educators' Cultural Belief Systems Affect Underserved Students' Pursuit of Postsecondary Education? PREL Briefing Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The academic success of underserved students depends on their experiences within the education system. These experiences are influenced by the degrees to which their own culture and language are acknowledged and integrated into the school program, how engaged they become and are encouraged to become, and how well educators support them in…

George, Patricia; Aronson, Rosa

368

Professors on the Production Line, Students on Their Own. Working Paper 2009-01  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In higher education in the United States, teaching and research in the fields of language and literature are in a desperate condition. Laboring on the age-old axiom "publish-or-perish," thousands of professors, lecturers, and graduate students are busy producing dissertations, books, essays, and reviews. Over the past five decades, their…

Bauerlein, Mark

2009-01-01

369

Predicting Student Performances at a Minority Professional School. AIR 2001 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempted to build the best fitting prediction model, with high predictive validity, for success at a minority professional school. The resulting model could be used to document the effectiveness of academic programs and applicant screening. Data for 216 medical students from the college were used to evaluate the usefulness of the…

Chen, Chau-Kuang; Campbell, Vickie C.; Suleiman, Ahmad

370

Student Aid Simplification: Looking Back and Looking Ahead. NBER Working Paper No. 17834  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year, fourteen million households seeking federal aid for college complete a detailed questionnaire about their finances, the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). At 116 questions, the FAFSA is almost as long as IRS Form 1040 and substantially longer than Forms 1040EZ and 1040A. Aid for college is intended to increase college…

Dynarski, Susan; Wiederspan, Mark

2012-01-01

371

Binge Drinking and Risky Sex among College Students. NBER Working Paper No. 15953  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relationship between binge drinking and sexual behavior in nationally representative data on age 18-24 four-year college students. For having sex, overall or without condoms, large and significant positive associations are eliminated upon holding constant proxies for time-invariant sexual activity and drinking preferences.…

DeSimone, Jeffrey S.

2010-01-01

372

"Research Papers Have Always Seemed Very Daunting": Information Literacy Narratives and the Student Research Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taking an interdisciplinary approach that draws on narrative theory, composition scholarship, and investigations into the affective dimensions of the research process, this article discusses stories written by college students about their experiences locating, evaluating, and using information in the context of academic research. These narratives…

Detmering, Robert; Johnson, Anna Marie

2012-01-01

373

Funding for English as a Second Language New Arrival Students. Schools Resourcing Taskforce Discussion Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the 18th meeting of Ministerial Council on Education (MCEETYA) (12th-13th May 2005), Council urged the Australian Government to: (1) increase per capita assistance to ESL-NA students with high educational needs, in particular, refugees and humanitarian entrants; (2) provide a new per capita allocation so that specific ethnic and cultural issues…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2006

2006-01-01

374

Is Satisfying College Students the Same as Decreasing Their Dissatisfaction? AIR 1998 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study sought to investigate the possibility that college student satisfaction and dissatisfaction were not opposites and to provide a framework for considering the relationships between satisfaction, dissatisfaction, and motivation. The guiding model for the study was Herzberg's two-factor theory of organizational psychology. Conducted…

Danielson, Cherry

375

Faculty Involvement in Developing and Measuring Student Learning Outcomes. AIR 2002 Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade, institutions of higher education have come under increasing demands for accountability. Colleges and universities are expected to document student learning, beyond traditional course grades. The use of assessment as a tool to improve learning relies on the active involvement of faculty in planning, implementing, and refining…

Larson, Elizabeth J. Hunt; Greene, Andrea L.; Corrigan, Joseph M.

376

Choosing a Field: How Graduate Student Choices of Field Sites Reflect Different Ideas of "Real" Anthropology in Colombia and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the decisions and motivations of graduate students in cultural anthropology when defining the field sites and topics of their final projects. The decisions among students at the Universidad de los Andes in Colombia are contrasted with those at the University of Pittsburgh in the United States. A review of recent final projects…

Macia, Laura

2012-01-01

377

Towards a Metalanguage Adequate to Linguistic Achievement in Post-Structuralism and English: Reflections on Voicing in the Writing of Secondary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the development of voicing in the writing of secondary English students influenced by post-structuralist approaches to literature. It investigates students' growing capacity not only to voice their own responses to literature but also to relate these to a range of theoretical discourses. Drawing on systemic functional…

Macken-Horarik, Mary; Morgan, Wendy

2011-01-01

378

Document Analyses of Student Use of a Blogging-Mapping Tool to Explore Evidence of Deep and Reflective Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Theories about reflective thinking and deep-surface learning abound. In order to arrive at the definition for "reflective thinking toward deep learning," this study establishes that reflective thinking toward deep learning refers to a learner's purposeful and conscious activity of manipulating ideas toward meaningful learning and knowledge…

Xie, Ying

2008-01-01

379

Expanding School Resources and Increasing Time on Task: Effects of a Policy Experiment in Israel on Student Academic Achievement and Behavior. NBER Working Paper No. 18369  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, I examine how student academic achievements and behavior were affected by a school finance policy experiment undertaken in elementary schools in Israel. Begun in 2004, the funding formula changed from a budget set per class to a budget set per student, with more weight given to students from lower socioeconomic and lower educational…

Lavy, Victor

2012-01-01

380

Discourse Features of the Student-Produced Academic Research Paper: Variations across Disciplinary Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research paper has been identified as a genre that is commonly produced in both graduate and undergraduate courses. However, researchers have noted that this label tends to be used loosely and that texts referred to as research papers are not characterized by a fixed set of discoursal features [such as Johns A.M. (1997). "Text, role and…

Samraj, Betty

2004-01-01

381

Graduate Employment Gap: Students of Color Losing Ground. EPI Briefing Paper #282  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Briefing Paper explores the racial and ethnic variation in the employment situation for recent high school and college graduates. For 16 to 24 year olds, this Briefing Paper finds: (1) In the first half of 2007, even before the recession began, one in five black high school graduates were unemployed; (2) By the first half of this year, the…

Austin, Algernon

2010-01-01

382

Exploring the potential of using stories about diverse scientists and reflective activities to enrich primary students' images of scientists and scientific work  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the potential of using stories about diverse scientists to broaden primary students' images of scientists and scientific work. Stories featuring scientists from diverse socio-cultural backgrounds (i.e., physical ability, gender, ethnicity) were presented to 11 grade one students over a 15 -week period. My analysis of pre-and post audio-taped interview transcripts, draw-a-scientist-tests (Chambers 1983), participant observations and student work suggest that the stories about scientists and follow-up reflective activities provided resources for students that helped them: (a) acquire images of scientists from less dominant socio-cultural backgrounds; (b) enrich their views of scientific work from predominantly hands-on/activity-oriented views to ones that includes cognitive and positive affective dimensions. One of the limitations of using stories as a tool to extend students' thinking about science is highlighted in a case study of a student who expresses resistance to some of the counter-stereotypic images presented in the stories. I also present two additional case studies that illustrate how shifts in student' views of the nature of scientific work can change their interest in future participation in scientific work.

Sharkawy, Azza

2012-06-01

383

ART (Analogical Reflection Tool): using analogies to promote reflection in science education  

E-print Network

Abstract. There are two basic categories of reflection, according to where the learner reflects on. In self-reflection, the learner reflects on her/his own actions, while in comparative reflection the learner reflects on others ’ actions. We propose an alternative reflection type, as a subcategory of the comparative reflection, the analogical reflection. In analogical reflection, students reflect on analogies, collating their actions with the analog’s (analogical model) functions. During the collation, students are asked to correlate the source with the target. We designed a software tool that supports analogical reflection and is called ART (Analogical Reflection Tool). The ART is a scaffolding tool that assists students while reflecting analogically.

George Kritikos; Angelique Dimitracopoulou

384

Representation and Student Engagement in Higher Education: A Reflection on the Views and Experiences of Course Representatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student engagement is increasingly part of higher education rhetoric. It is seen as a means for universities to understand and enhance the student experience. This has been prompted by a number of potentially conflicting factors. These include growing consumerism in higher education, the rise of user involvement and the notion of students as…

Carey, Philip

2013-01-01

385

NURSING STUDENTS' REFLECTIONS ON DEATH AND DYING REFLEXIONES DE LOS ESTUDIANTES DE ENFERMERÍA SOBRE LA MUERTE Y EL MORIR  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article refers to the first phase of a survey on nursing students' representations on death and dying. The research has an exploratory character and was carried out with first year students of the undergraduate course in Nursing of the Federal University of São Paulo. Its objectives were to know the impressions of the students concerning the theme \\

José Roberto da Silva; José Rodrigo de Oliveira; Lie Yamaguti

386

Cultivating Student Skills in Self-Regulated Learning through Evaluation of Task Complexity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to self-regulate, students need to honestly reflect on their learning and to take appropriate corrective action. A simple procedure to cultivate student skills in self-regulated learning, known as the Task Evaluation and Reflection Instrument for Student Self-Assessment (TERISSA) is discussed in this paper. TERISSA guides students through…

Belski, Regina; Belski, Iouri

2014-01-01

387

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Investigation Into Wheat Paper at UBC  

E-print Network

Into Wheat Paper at UBC Jobin Ansari-Gilani Donald Harris Siavash Jalali Youtai Xue University of British Ansari-Gilani Donald Harris Siavash Jalali Youtai Xue #12;2 Abstract Wheat straw is an agricultural waste

388

Toward a New Understanding of Non-Academic Student Support: Four Mechanisms Encouraging Positive Student Outcomes in the Community College. CCRC Working Paper No. 28. Assessment of Evidence Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the ways in which academically vulnerable students benefit from non-academic support. By reviewing theories of student persistence as well as program evaluation literature, the author identifies four mechanisms by which non-academic supports can improve student outcomes, including persistence and degree attainment. Programs…

Karp, Melinda Mechur

2011-01-01

389

Teaching Critical Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite long-standing commitment to the notion of critical reflection across the healthcare professions it is unusual for critical theory and practice to be taught as explicit subjects in healthcare higher education. There is evidence to show that reflective techniques such as critical portfolios and reflective diaries can help students to…

Smith, Elizabeth

2011-01-01

390

Diagnosing Student Support Needs for Distance Learning. AIR 2001 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper continues previous research (N. Moreland and R. Carnwell, 2000) in which the development and background of the Learning Support Needs Questionnaire (LSNQ) were explained. The LSNQ identifies and elicits practical, emotional, and academic learning support needs, and is followed by an action planning process designed to assist the…

Carnwell, Ros; Harrington, Charles

391

Students Today, Teachers Tomorrow? Identifying Constraints on the Provision of Education. Policy Research Working Paper 5674  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With an estimated 115 million children not attending primary school in the developing world, increasing access to education is critical. Resource constraints limit the effectiveness of demand-based subsidies. This paper focuses on the importance of a supply-side factor--the availability of low-cost teachers--and the resulting ability of the market…

Andrabi, Tahir; Das, Jishnu; Khwaja, Asim Ijaz

2011-01-01

392

A Collaborative Role for Industry in Assessing Student Learning. AIR 1999 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper recounts the process of integrating industry into the assessment process in engineering education developed by the Synthesis Coalition, a group of colleges and schools working together to improve engineering education through development and implementation of curriculum reforms. Originating in the Coalition's efforts to introduce…

McMartin, Flora

393

Motivational Aspects of Reading and Its Measurement in Community College Students. AIR 2000 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the development of a survey instrument to measure motivational aspects of reading and the use of reading strategies. The 28-item reading survey measured three factors: value, self-concept, and reading strategies. Factor analyses were run to confirm the existence of the three factors. The reading survey was administered to all…

Crane, Laura R.; Gustafson, Jean-Louise; Poziemski, Christine

394

Using Blogs to Enhance Critical Reflection and Community of Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the theories of critical reflection and community of practice, the aim of this paper was to explore the use of blogs as a reflective platform in the training processes of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) student teachers, who were learning to teach English for future employment in Taiwan. They made use of blogs as a platform to critically…

Yang, Shih-Hsien

2009-01-01

395

Learning To Lead: Reflective Practice in Preservice Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of a study of a pilot program exploring the application of reflective practice to educational administration are reported in this paper. The program goal was to create a design studio for the development of reflective practice among educational administration students. To accomplish this goal, the design studio provided explicit…

Hart, Ann Weaver; And Others

396

Reflections of middle school students by gender and race/ethnicity on obtaining a successful science education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sixty-five eighth grade students responded to a science beliefs survey during a science-inquiry lab unit in an action research project to assess whether gender has an effect on how the students perceive their science classes. The survey was given to eighth grade students during the first week of school. Student results were categorized by gender and by race/ethnicity. The middle school where the study took place is fairly diverse with 540 total students of which 48% of them are White, 42% are Black, and 10% are Hispanic. Six female science teachers are employed at the middle school, two per grade. The first unit that is taught in science is inquiry skills, the basics of all science such as graphing, laboratory tools, safety, etc. This unit is taught in 6 th, 7th, and 8th grades, as a part of our standards. Inquiry test results for 8th graders are also given in this thesis, and are categorized again by gender and race/ethnicity. The results of the surveys and the assessment show a gap in the way students think about and complete activities in science. It was exciting to see that the female students scored better overall than male students on an inquiry-based summative assessment, while white students overall scored better than Black and Hispanic students. White males tended to rank science as the class they enjoyed the most of all core classes and thought science was easier than all the other data demographics. The conclusion found was stunning, in that the true gap in student's beliefs about science lies within the different races/ethnicities, rather than just gender alone.

Mihalik, Bethany

397

Finding Yourself in Poetry: A Reflection on How to Encourage Student Ownership through Risk Taking and Shared Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent to which our students, and indeed we, are manipulated by popular culture and a normative perception of an ideal way to be is an issue of increasing import. The changes we make to our teaching to engage students in this issue must be conducive to meaningful learning and subsequent academic achievement. The changes we make are based on…

Wintle, Philippa

2011-01-01

398

Making Sense of Safety: Cooperative Learning Activities Allow Students Time to Reflect on the Implications of Lab Safety Rules  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An important part of the science classroom involves teaching students how to safely use tools, techniques, and procedures. As emphasized in the National Science Education Standards, "safety is a fundamental concern in all experiential science" and teachers must "teach students how to engage safely in investigations inside and outside the…

Barrier, Regina

2005-01-01

399

Learning a New World: Reflections on Being a First-Generation College Student and the Influence of TRIO Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TRIO programs exist for students who need guidance through the academic systems that exist. TRIO programs began in 1964, when Lyndon Johnson signed the Educational Opportunity Act into law (McElroy and Armesto, 1998). This started the TRIO programs to help disadvantaged students enroll and complete college. TRIO programs, including Talent Search…

Graham, LaKresha

2011-01-01

400

Student Preparedness Checklist K I have completed the emergency contact information in my Banner Pipeline and it accurately reflects  

E-print Network

Pipeline and it accurately reflects how I want to be notified in case of an emergency. (www.pipeline. (Sign into your account at www.pipeline.wayne.edu and follow the link for Broadcast Messaging.) K My

Finley Jr., Russell L.

401

Deepening Discipline: Digital Reflection and Choreography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we discuss findings from a recent academic development project in which we engaged with students in an exploration of "how" they think and "what" they think about in the process of creating solo-authored choreography. The project emerged from a revisiting of the reflective frameworks identified in the validation…

Bannon, Fiona; Kirk, Carole

2014-01-01

402

Modes of collaborative reflection  

E-print Network

Abstract. In this paper, we describe different modes of collaborative reflection as processes of learning at the workplace. We explain why reflection is a decisive means of learning and – based on the modes we describe – how groups of people can be supported in reflection together. For this, we describe how scheduled, concurrent and spontaneous collaborative reflection can be supported by articulation, guidance and synergizing.

Martin Degeling; Michael Prilla

2013-01-01

403

Computer-Based versus Paper-Pencil Modes of Administration United States Government End of Course Exams: Student Cumulative Grade Point Averages as Predictors of Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beginning with the No Child Left Behind federal legislation, states were required to use data to monitor and improve student achievement. For high schools, the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education chose End of Course Exams (EOC) to demonstrate levels of student achievement. The policy changed from school choice of paper-pencil…

Ryan, Barbara A.

2012-01-01

404

The Shapeless River: Does a Lack of Structure Inhibit Students' Progress at Community Colleges? CCRC Working Paper No. 25. Assessment of Evidence Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many students at community colleges, finding a path to degree completion is the equivalent of navigating a shapeless river on a dark night. While academic preparation and financial supports are critical components of student success, subtle institutional features may also play an important role. This paper thus reviews the evidence for what is…

Scott-Clayton, Judith

2011-01-01

405

Teaching and Learning in the Era of the Common Core: An Introduction to the Project and the Nine Research Papers in the "Students at the Center" Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the wide interest in and need for student-centered approaches to learning, educators have scant access to a comprehensive accounting of the key components of it. To build the knowledge base for the emerging field of student-centered learning, Jobs for the Future, a national nonprofit based in Boston, commissioned papers from nine teams of…

Jobs for the Future, 2012

2012-01-01

406

Community College Students: Where Do They Go and What Do They Do? A 5-Year Statewide Follow-Up Study. AIR 1992 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the results of a 5-year statewide follow-up study of first-time, full-time community college students in Kansas, and documents the academic and career progress of these students from first entry into college to subsequent experiences after leaving the community college. The study, which began with 640 participants from 17…

Conklin, Karen A.

407

Reflective Learning in Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 22 papers on reflective learning in practice. The following papers are included: "Our Purpose" (Ann Brockbank, Ian McGill, Nic Beech); "The Nature and Context of Learning" (Ann Brockbank, Ian McGill, Nic Beech); "Reflective Learning and Organizations" (Ann Brockbank, Ian McGill, Nic Beech); "Reflective Learning in Practice" (Ann…

Brockbank, Anne, Ed.; McGill, Ian, Ed.; Beech, Nic, Ed.

408

Building a Community of Learning: A Comprehensive Approach to Assisting At-Risk Students. AIR 1997 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study of a student retention program for at-risk students at Mount Hood Community College (Oregon) contends that student retention programs are seldom as holistic and comprehensive as intended. The study analyzed three areas: the design and implementation of a comprehensive program to improve student retention; the organizational…

Walleri, R. Dan; Stoker, Cheryl L.; Stoering, Juliette

409

A Research Based Approach to Students in Academic Difficulty: Characteristics and Intervention. ASHE 1985 Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community college students who experience academic difficulty as measured by grade point average were compared to students not in academic difficulty on five constructs: reading ability, career decisiveness, learning styles, study habits and attitudes, and motivational factors. The 19 students in academic difficulty and 31 students not in academic…

Judd, Thomas P.; And Others

410

Using Student Evaluations to Improve Individual and Department Teaching Qualities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student evaluations can be seen as an opportunity for students to vent their views on the quality of teaching that they receive, and sometimes instructors trivialise the importance of this opportunity for dialogue with students and colleagues and reflection on teaching practice. This paper takes student evaluations of teaching quality seriously…

Hedges, Mary R.; Webber, Don J.

2014-01-01

411

Welcome to College? Developing a Richer Understanding of the Transition Process for Adult First Year Students Using Reflective Written Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the process of adjustment among adult learners by focusing on their own perceptions as they make the transition to higher education in an Irish setting, in order to gain a richer understanding about early university experience. The analysis of the journal-based reflections confirms existing insights about the complexity of…

Risquez, Angelica; Moore, Sarah; Morley, Michael

2008-01-01

412

Negative Reflected Appraisal, Negative Self-Perception, and Drug Use Intentions in a Sample of Suburban High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on theories of symbolic interaction, some researchers have suggested that negative reflected appraisal imposes a "delinquent" identity on adolescents whom adults and peers perceive as delinquent, creating ego identity discomfort that these adolescents seek to mitigate through association with drug-using peers for whom the delinquent label…

Richard, Alan J.; Trevino, Roberto A.; Baker, Marcia; Valdez, James

2010-01-01

413

Career Coaching for Ph.D. Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A seminar course was developed for engineering doctoral students to obtain an awareness of the industrial research environment, non-technical skills desired by industry and how to find a position within industry. Data was collected through seminar observations, students' two-page reflection paper, and an online survey administered to students

Watson, Joy L.; Gatzke, Ed P.; Lyons, Jed S.

2012-01-01

414

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Investigation Into Wheat Straw Paper and Wood Pulp Paper Use at UBC  

E-print Network

Into Wheat Straw Paper and Wood Pulp Paper Use at UBC Jack Yue Zhang Ryan LaMarche Weber Lin William Tung Chao Jiang University of British Columbia APSC 262 March 29, 2012 Disclaimer: "UBC SEEDS provides of a project/report". #12;1 AN INVESTIGATION INTO WHEAT STRAW PAPER AND WOOD PULP PAPER USE AT UBC Submitted to

415

Foundation Degrees in Geography and Tourism: A Critical Reflection on Student Experiences and the Implications for Undergraduate Degree Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last decade, some UK Geography Departments have diversified their range of courses to offer Foundation degrees (Fds), providing students with alternative routes through higher education (HE). These courses are delivered either offsite at further education colleges (FECs), embedded within an undergraduate programme at higher education…

Simm, David; Marvell, Alan; Schaaf, Rebecca; Winlow, Heather

2012-01-01

416

Reflections from the Backroads...A Collection of Works by Students of Green Sea Floyds High School, 1991-92.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project REACH was established at Green Sea Floyds (South Carolina) High School during the 1990-91 school year as a mechanism for grassroots change in the humanities program. The activities involved in the project were collaboratively developed by students and teachers. The central theme, "Backroads: A Look at Northwestern Horry County," focused on…

Horry County School District, Conway, SC.

417

Learning EFL and Reflection through A 3D Gaming Environment: Mainland Chinese Middle School Students Exploring in Quest Atlantis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study takes teaching and learning English as a foreign language (EFL) into a gaming environment. Students fundamentally engaged in a mythological context in a 3D online virtual space called Quest Atlantis. Such an environment was in sharp contrast with how English is taught in a typical Chinese classroom in Mainland China. Preliminary findings reveal that co-questing is promising for

Dongping Zheng

418

Student Preparedness Checklist K I have completed the emergency contact information in my Banner Pipeline and it accurately reflects  

E-print Network

prevention and personal safety on campus and in the community. http://police.wayne.edu/ I Campus Health I know how to get to the WSU Student Health Center in DeRoy Apartments if I get sick and I am planning to get a flu shot during the fall semester. To decrease my chances of getting the flu, I wash my

Berdichevsky, Victor

419

Collaboration, Reflection and Selective Neglect: Campus-Based Marketing Students' Experiences of Using a Virtual Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies have suggested significant benefits to using computer-mediated communication in higher education and the development of the relevant skills may also be important for preparing students for their working careers. This study is a review of the introduction of a virtual learning environment to support a group of 60 campus-based,…

Molesworth, Mike

2004-01-01

420

Reflective Writing as a Tool for Assessing Teamwork in Bioscience: Insights into Student Performance and Understanding of Teamwork  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To ensure a modern bioscience curriculum that responds to the current needs of stakeholders, there is a need to embed a range of generic capabilities that enables graduates to succeed in and contribute to a rapidly changing world, as well as building strong bioscience skills and knowledge. The curriculum must also prepare students for a rapidly…

Mayne, Lynne

2012-01-01

421

Presumed Competence Reflected in the Educational Programs of Students with IDD before and after the Beyond Access Professional Development Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Judgements about students' competence influence the goals of their individualised education programs (IEPs), the location of service delivery, and their placement in general education (GE) as opposed to special education (SE) classes. The purpose of this study was to describe how presumed competence to learn the GE curriculum was…

Jorgensen, Cheryl M.; McSheehan, Michael; Sonnenmeier, Rae M.

2007-01-01

422

Reflection: Next Steps, New Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Written reflection is essential to promote student's explorations of their own thinking and learning processes, but is often omitted if science notebooks are used primarily as logs for procedures and observations of their learning activities. Reflection n

Klentschy, Michael P.

2008-04-01

423

Women Students with Dependent Children on Welfare: Educational Impact of Welfare Policy and Practice. ASHE 1988 Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey conducted at University of Wisconsin System institutions was designed to help decision makers determine how many women students were on welfare and to find out the interaction between welfare and student financial aid in relation to expenses incurred in higher education. Women students vary in financial, marital, and parental status, and…

Nash, Nancy S.; And Others

424

A Decade of Development: The Best of Ten Years. An Anniversary Publication of Selected Papers. Adult Student Personnel Association, Inc.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Best of Ten Years," a publication of the Tenth Annual Conference for the Adult Student Personnel Association, Inc. (ASPA), contains prophesies for the future in addition to a chronicle of concerns of the decade. Articles included are: Financial Aid for Evening Students (Sol Jacobson); The Programming and Counseling of Adult Transfer Students

Clifford, Earle W., Ed.; And Others

425

Supplemental Educational Services and Student Test Score Gains: Evidence from a Large, Urban School District. Working Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effect of supplemental educational services (SES) on student test score gains and whether particular subgroups of students benefit more from No Child Left Behind (NCLB) tutoring services. The sample used includes information on students enrolled in 3rd through 8th grades nested in 121 elementary and middle schools over a…

Springer, Matthew G.; Pepper, Matthew J.; Ghosh-Dastidar, Bonnie

2009-01-01

426

Perception of Locus of Control as a Predictor of Attitude Toward Students' Evaluation of University Faculty. AIR Forum Paper 1978.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student and faculty attitudes about faculty evaluation and the relationship of the attitudes to the concept of locus of control were investigated. Student respondents consisted of 172 males and 256 females, and 108 faculty responses were received. The measure of locus of control closely resembles the Rotter Internal-External Control Scale. Student

Kohler, Emmett T.; Christal, Melodie E.

427

The Labor Market Returns to For-Profit Higher Education: Evidence for Transfer Students. A CAPSEE Working Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the labor market gains for students who enrolled at for-profit colleges after beginning their post-secondary education in community college. We use student-level administrative record data from college transcripts, Unemployment Insurance earnings data, and progression data from the National Student Clearinghouse across full…

Liu, Yuen Ting; Belfield, Clive

2014-01-01

428

Comprehensive Assessment and Evaluation of Students with Learning Disabilities: A Paper Prepared by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) strongly supports comprehensive assessment and evaluation of students with learning disabilities by a multidisciplinary team for the identification and diagnosis of students with learning disabilities. Comprehensive assessment of individual students requires the use of multiple data…

Learning Disability Quarterly, 2011

2011-01-01

429

Multiple Goals, Satisfaction, and Achievement in University Undergraduate Education: A Student Experience in the Research University (SERU) Project Research Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the relationship between student goal orientation and student satisfaction, academic engagement, and achievement. A variety of studies has shown that the type of goal orientation determines students’ cognitive and behavioral reactions as well as their educational performance. Using data on 2309 college students from the University of California Undergraduate Experience Survey (UCUES), this study analyzes the relationship

Heinke Roebken

2007-01-01

430

Between Anecdote and Science: Using E-Mail To Learn about Student Experiences. AIR 1997 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutional research has long relied on surveys to learn about student experiences. This study describes and evaluates two methods of using electronic mail to gather information from students about their experiences. Data were based on two case studies conducted during spring 1996 and fall 1997 at a 5,000-student state university. The report…

Furlong, Deborah K.

431

A Comparative Analysis of the Academic Performance and Graduation Rates of Freshmen and Transfer Students. AIR 1991 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether there are significant differences in the academic performance and graduation rates of undergraduate transfer students compared to students who entered the general campuses as first-time freshmen in selected 2- and 4-year campuses in Colorado. Four student cohorts were studied within three campuses (Boulder, Denver,…

Owen, J. Alan

432

Abstract--This paper investigates the effect of a finite size ground plane on the radiation pattern and reflection coefficient of  

E-print Network

pattern and reflection coefficient of an SiGe process integrated on-chip antenna. A flat 77 GHz on- chip strip dipole antenna integrated with a lumped LC balun circuit is designed and implemented. For increased directivity, the etched silicon substrate is placed on a metal ground plate. The on- chip antenna

Yanikoglu, Berrin

433

Transformations: Reflection (NLVM)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Java applet enables learners to explore the reflection transformation both informally and within a coordinate system. Students select and compose shapes and manipulate the axis of symmetry (the mirror) to see the effect on a reflected image. Links to instructions, activities and teacher/parent information are included.

2011-01-01

434

Transparencies and Reflections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of perspective, or showing things as the human eye sees them, when creating reflections and transparencies in works of art. Provides examples of artwork using transparency, reflection, and refraction by M. C. Escher, Richard Estes, and Janet Fish to give students an opportunity to learn about these three art techniques. (CMK)

Hubbard, Guy

1999-01-01

435

Paper Chromatography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a site with experiments that provide a brief introduction to the idea of separation of components in a mixture and a set of instructions for students for separating colored compounds by paper chromatography (on coffee filters). The appropriate audience would be students in a high-school or introductory, non major college chemistry class.

Reeves, James H.

2011-05-19

436

Single-Sex Schools, Student Achievement, and Course Selection: Evidence from Rule-Based Student Assignments in Trinidad and Tobago. NBER Working Paper No. 16817  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Existing studies on single-sex schooling suffer from biases due to student selection to schools and single-sex schools being better in unmeasured ways. In Trinidad and Tobago students are assigned to secondary schools based on an algorithm allowing one to address self-selection bias and cleanly estimate an upper-bound single-sex school effect. The…

Jackson, C. Kirabo

2011-01-01

437

Which Students are Left Behind? The Racial Impacts of the No Child Left Behind Act. Working Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The No Child Left Behind Act imposes sanctions on schools if the fraction of each of five racial groups of students demonstrating proficiency on a high stakes exam falls below a statewide pass rate. This system places pressure on school administrators to redirect educational resources from groups of students most likely to demonstrate proficiency…

Krieg, John M.

2009-01-01

438

Students' Choice of Course and Use of Information and Advisory Services. Research and Development Paper No. 57.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationships between factors influencing Australian students' course choice and subsequent decisions to withdraw were studied in 1980. Questionnaires were completed at the time of college entry by 1,375 first-year arts, architecture, and engineering students at the University of New South Wales. In addition to factors relating to their field…

de Rome, E. A.; Wieneke, Chris

439

The Impact of Partnership-Centered, Community-Based Learning on First-Year Students' Academic Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a control group study of the influence of a partnership-centered, community-based learning program on students' academic writing. The improved writing of first-year students in the Chicago Civic Leadership Certificate Program (CCLCP), we argue, results from the deeply situated learning that took place in the context of…

Feldman, Ann M.; Moss, Tom; Chin, Diane; Marie, Megan; Rai, Candice; Graham, Rebecca

2006-01-01

440

Improving the Quality of Student Ratings of Instruction: A Look at Two Strategies. AIR 1988 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effect of rating scale format (behaviorally anchored rating scales (BARS) and Likert) and rater training on leniency and halo in student ratings of instruction was investigated. The subjects (N=269) were students enrolled in required courses at a graduate theological seminary in the southwestern United States. A repeated measures design…

Cook, Stuart S.

441

High School Dual Enrollment Programs: Are We Fast-Tracking Students Too Fast? An NCPR Working Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dual enrollment (DE), an arrangement by which high school students take college courses, is becoming increasingly popular as a means of improving high school education. However, there is very little rigorous evidence on its impact on student outcomes. A particular concern in evaluating its effects is the selection bias that arises because more…

Speroni, Cecilia

2011-01-01

442

The Power of Association: Defining Our Relationship with Students in the 21st Century. A NASPA White Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this age of rapid change, colleges and universities must expect their personnel to view relationships with students as a form of voluntary association. This means being dedicated to the intellectual and moral development of students as association members and the good of the larger community. This booklet examines a historical perspective of…

Pavela, Gary

443

The Effects of Motivation and Classroom Environment on the Satisfaction of Noncredit Continuing Education Students. AIR 1994 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the functional relationships among motivation, perceived classroom environment, and student satisfaction, for three major curricular groups: arts and leisure programs, personal development programs, and professional development programs. The sample included 1,180 students enrolled in noncredit courses at the College of…

Fujita-Starck, Pamela J.; Thompson, John A.

444

Female Role Models: The Effect of Gender Composition of Faculty on Student Retention. AIR 1996 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether female college freshmen have higher first-year retention rates when a greater percentage of their classes are taught by female faculty, especially students in science, math, and computer science (SMC) courses. Data from the admissions, course, and student files at Binghamton University (New York) were analyzed over a…

Robst, John; And Others

445

SimPharm: How Pharmacy Students Made Meaning of a Clinical Case Differently in Paper- and Simulation-Based Workshops  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several scholars contend that learning with computer games and simulations results in students thinking more like professionals. Bearing this goal in mind, we investigated how a group of pharmacy students learnt with an in-house developed computer simulation, SimPharm. Adopting situated cognition as our theoretical lens, we conducted a case study…

Loke, Swee-Kin; Tordoff, June; Winikoff, Michael; McDonald, Jenny; Vlugter, Peter; Duffull, Stephen

2011-01-01

446

Ability-Grouping and Academic Inequality: Evidence from Rule-Based Student Assignments. NBER Working Paper No. 14911  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Trinidad and Tobago students are assigned to secondary schools after fifth grade based on achievement tests, leading to large differences in the school environments to which students of differing initial levels of achievement are exposed. Using both a regression discontinuity design and rule-based instrumental variables to address…

Jackson, C. Kirabo

2009-01-01

447

Testing Accommodations for University Students with AD/HD: Computerized vs. Paper-Pencil/Regular vs. Extended Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prompted by a previous study investigating the effects of pacing on the academic testing performance of college students with AD/HD, we further explored our preliminary findings, which suggested that a computerized testing environment enhanced the testing performance of college students with AD/HD. We compared the effects of a computerized vs.…

Lee, Kathryn S.; Osborne, Randall E.; Carpenter, David N.

2010-01-01

448

Winrock/NAFSA Workshop on Improving Academic Programs in Agriculture for Students from Developing Countries. NAFSA Working Paper #19.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of a January 26-27, 1990, workshop organized by the National Association of Foreign Student Affairs (NAFSA) and the Winrock Institute for Agricultural Development to discuss ways to improve academic programs for international students studying in graduate agricultural disciplines. Participants were sponsored…

Steele, Roger

449

Investigating First-Semester Freshman Adjustment to College Using a Measurement of Student Psychosocial Adjustment. AIR 1994 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the complexities of adjustment to college and its effect on the college student's intent-to-persist in college. The study mailed survey questionnaires (a combination of the "Anticipated Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire" and the "Social Propensity Scale") to a random sample of first-time, full-time, degree-seeking…

Bragg, Theresa A.

450

High School Students' Use of Paper-Based and Internet-Based Information Sources in the Engineering Design Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mentzer and Becker (2011) and Becker and Mentzer (2012) demonstrated that high school students engaged in engineering design problems spent more time accessing information and spent more time designing when provided with Internet access. They studied high school students engaged in an engineering design challenge. The two studies attempted to…

Pieper, Jon; Mentzer, Nathan

2013-01-01

451

Reflection Coefficients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses and provides an example of reflectivity approximation to determine whether reflection will occur. Provides a method to show thin-film interference on a projection screen. Also applies the reflectivity concepts to electromagnetic wave systems. (MVL)

Greenslade, Thomas B., Jr.

1994-01-01

452

Black Student Retention in Higher Education. Proceedings of the National Conference (5th, Miami Beach, Florida, November 7-10, 1989). Conference Agenda and Abstracts of Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document for participants comprises the proceedings of a fifth national conference on the retention of black college students. The conference consisted of 2 preconference workshops, 7 general sessions, and 21 concurrent sessions. A total of 68 selected papers were presented. Preconference workshops focused on the freshman year experience and…

Florida A and M Univ., Tallahassee.

453

The Gateway to the Profession: Assessing Teacher Preparation Programs Based on Student Achievement. CEDR Working Paper No. 2011-2.0  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With teacher quality repeatedly cited as the most important "schooling" factor influencing student achievement, there has been increased interest in examining the efficacy of teacher training programs. This paper presents research examining the variation between and impact that individual teacher training institutions in Washington State have on…

Goldhaber, Dan; Liddle, Stephanie

2011-01-01

454

From the Model Minority to the Invisible Minority: Asian & Pacific American Students in Higher Education Research. AIR 1998 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper provides an overview of research on Asian and Pacific American (APA) undergraduates at U.S. institutions, focusing on the origins, assumptions, and fallacies of the "model minority" image. In addition, it offers highlights from a recent campus survey that suggests that APA students perceive their university experience differently from…

Rohrlick, Jeffrey; Alvarado, Diana; Zaruba, Karen; Kallio, Ruth

455

A Comparison of Computer-Based Testing and Pencil-and-Paper Testing for Students with a Read-Aloud Accommodation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the academic performance and preference of students with disabilities for two types of test administration conditions, computer-based testing (CBT) and pencil-and-paper testing (PPT). Data from a large-scale assessment program were used to examine differences between CBT and PPT academic performance for third to eleventh grade…

Flowers, Claudia; Kim, Do-Hong; Lewis, Preston; Davis, Violeta Carmen

2011-01-01

456

Improving Students' College Math Readiness: A Review of the Evidence on Postsecondary Interventions and Reforms. A CAPSEE Working Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews current research on the effectiveness of interventions and reforms that seek to improve the math preparedness and success of high school students entering college. Based on gaps in the research knowledge, it also provides recommendations for further inquiry in particular areas. The studies reviewed here are selected from…

Hodara, Michelle

2013-01-01

457

Is It Live or Is It Internet? Experimental Estimates of the Effects of Online Instruction on Student Learning. NBER Working Paper No. 16089  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the first experimental evidence on the effects of live versus internet media of instruction. Students in a large introductory microeconomics course at a major research university were randomly assigned to live lectures versus watching these same lectures in an internet setting, where all other factors (e.g., instruction,…

Figlio, David N.; Rush, Mark; Yin, Lu

2010-01-01

458

Alternative Modes of Measuring Self-Reports on HIV-Related Behaviors among College Students: Web-Delivered Mode versus Paper-Pencil Mode  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

HIV-related behaviors, self-reported using Web-delivered or paper-pencil modes, were collected from two convenience samples of college students at a major university in the southeastern U.S. To enhance the equivalence of the comparisons, a subset pool of participants from each group, proportionally matched on key demographic variables including…

Hou, Su-I

2007-01-01

459

Black Student Retention in Higher Education. Proceedings of the National Conference (2nd, Atlanta, Georgia, November 2-5, 1986). Conference Agenda and Abstracts of Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document for participants comprises the agenda and abstracts of papers to be presented at the second national conference on the retention of black college students. The conference, as planned, offers 6 general sessions, 3 special sessions, 8 special activities, and 25 concurrent sessions. A total of 130 presenters from over 30 states and more…

Florida A and M Univ., Tallahassee.

460

Implementation of an Explicit and Reflective Pedagogy in Introductory Biology Laboratories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students need to reflect on the practice of science to fully understand the nature of science (NOS), which is an important component of scientific literacy. In this paper, the authors describe how to implement an explicit and reflective pedagogy in colleg

Elisabeth E. Schussler

2010-11-01

461

Interactive reflection editing  

E-print Network

Effective digital content creation tools must be both efficient in the interactions they provide but also allow full user control. There may be occasions, when art direction requires changes that contradict physical laws. In particular, it is known that physical correctness of reflections for the human observer is hard to assess. For many centuries, traditional artists have exploited this fact to depict reflections that lie outside the realm of physical possibility. However, a system that gives explicit control of this effect to digital artists has not yet been described. This paper introduces a system that transforms physically correct reflections into art-directed reflections, as specified by reflection constraints. The system introduces a taxonomy of reflection editing operations, using an intuitive user interface, that works directly on the reflecting surfaces with real-time visual feedback using a GPU. A user study shows how such a system can allow users to quickly manipulate reflections according to an art direction task.

Tobias Ritschel; Makoto Okabe; Thorsten Thormählen; Hans-peter Seidel; Mpi Informatik

2009-01-01

462

Study on 8 th Grade Students' Thoughts about the Mathematics Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the thoughts of the 8th grade students in Turkey on the mathematics course and the relations between the mathematics courses and other variables such as the students' origins, gender and the mathematics scores students achieved. Based on the results, it was concluded that there is not evidence reflecting a relation between students' origins and thoughts, but there

Nezahat ÇETIN; Nevin Mahir; Mehmet ÜREYEN; Ayhan HAKAN

463

Secondary School Teachers' Conceptions of Student Information Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes empirical research examining secondary school teachers' conceptions of student information literacy and reflects on the implications for the development of information-literate students. The research was designed to be practitioner centred, focusing on curriculum-based information activities and the student learning process…

Williams, Dorothy A.; Wavell, Caroline

2007-01-01

464

Profiling information behaviour of nursing students: part 1: quantitative findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to profile the information seeking behaviour of nursing students, according to learning style, personality and self-efficacy in information literacy. Such profiles should help students to reflect on their information seeking, and should help librarians in designing information literacy programmes that are targeted to student needs. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A questionnaire using existing validated

Peter Stokes; Christine Urquhart

2011-01-01

465

Working Papers in Art Education, 1996-1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of working papers in art education is comprised of manuscripts by graduate students presented at the National Art Education Conference. Papers in this issue reflect several educational settings and geographic areas. The 22 articles include: (1) "Symbolic Meanings in the Ghanaian Arts: A Step Towards Developing Cultural Literacy"…

Thunder-McGuire, Steve

1997-01-01

466

Supporting reflective, practice?based learning and assessment for post?qualifying social work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students can find the academic requirements of performance?style assessment hard to interpret and educators have been called on to provide explicit articulation for the support of academic, critically reflective assignments. This paper discusses the development of a flexible learning workbook for post?qualifying social work (PQSW) students, undertaken in response to these issues. The development of the workbook began with the

Lynne Rutter

2006-01-01

467

Critical Reflective Thinking through Service-Learning in Multicultural Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes and discusses the effect of service-learning on students' reflective thinking about their own knowledge in multicultural teacher education at a state university in Southern California (USA). Two versions of students' multicultural autobiographies, one at the beginning and the other at the end of the course, were examined to…

Li, Xin; Lal, Shirley

2005-01-01

468

A Study of the Effects of Goal Orientation on the Reflective Ability of Electronic Portfolio Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores and discusses the effects of different goal orientations on students' reflective ability as demonstrated in their electronic portfolios (ePortfolios). Primary data was collected from 54 showcases (digital containers) generated by 26 undergraduate students on an ePortfolio platform over a period of 3 months. The participants had…

Cheng, Gary; Chau, Juliana

2013-01-01

470

Reflectivity Cheat Sheet Defining Reflection...  

E-print Network

Reflectivity Cheat Sheet Defining Reflection... · Casually connected. If the internal structures. A reflective system is then a system which incorporates causally con- nected structures representing itself-representation of a system can be modified. · Reflection = Introspection + Intercession · Meta-objects describe behavior

Nierstrasz, Oscar

471

Choosing Papers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In an upper-level seminar course, students bear significant responsibility for their learning. This activity provides the framework to help them identify the exact topics that they will discuss throughout a course in Environmental Analysis. The students are given constraints so that they don't either wander completely aimlessly through the environmental literature or pick only papers on their favorite topic. They are instead asked to dip into the literature to find papers that deal with analysis of pollutants in air, water, and solid matrices, and to have at least one that is relevant to climate change.

Deborah Gross

472

Audio and Video Reflections to Promote Social Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine how 15 graduate students enrolled in a US school leadership preparation program understand issues of social justice and equity through a reflective process utilizing audio and/or video software. Design/methodology/approach: The study is based on the tradition of grounded theory. The researcher…

Boske, Christa

2011-01-01

473

The Reflective Learning Continuum: Reflecting on Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of reflection to marketing educators is increasingly recognized. However, there is a lack of empirical research that considers reflection within the context of both the marketing and general business education literature. This article describes the use of an instrument that can be used to measure four identified levels of a…

Peltier, James W.; Hay, Amanda; Drago, William

2005-01-01

474

A Note on How Well Available Income Information Identifies Low-Income Students. Discussion Paper No. 71  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This note looks at the quality of the information on family income that selective colleges rely on to increase equality of opportunity by recruiting high-ability, low-income students. Individual family income estimates embedded in the College Board's search parameters are compared, for 635 recent Williams matriculants, with their incomes as…

Winston, Gordon; Hill, Catharine; Zimmerman, David

2007-01-01

475

Care or Cash? The Effect of Child Care Subsidies on Student Performance. NBER Working Paper No. 18086  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the wide use of childcare subsidies across countries, it is surprising how little we know about the effect of these subsidies on children's longer run outcomes. Using a sharp discontinuity in the price of childcare in Norway, we are able to isolate the effects of childcare subsidies on both parental and student outcomes. We find very small…

Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Loken, Katrine V.; Salvanes, Kjell G.

2012-01-01

476

Development of a Comprehensive Recruitment Program Targeted at the Penn State Student Market. AIR Forum 1979 Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A time sequence of recruitment activities was developed using high school data to represent the total, potential, and actual student markets for Pennsylvania State University. High schools with similar characteristics were grouped according to potential recruitment yields. Under the assumption that college decision-making behavior approximated the…

Spiro, Louis M.; McCallus, Joseph L.

477

Limited English Proficient Students at Risk: Issues and Prevention Strategies. New Focus No. 10. Occasional Papers in Bilingual Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence suggests that limited-English-proficient (LEP) students are among those most likely to drop out of school. Inconsistencies in defining dropouts and limited research affect estimates of LEP dropouts. Factors increasing the dropout risk include: low level of English language competence; large school size; lower expectations of certain…

Gingras, Rosario C.; Careaga, Rudy C.

478

Family Capital: How First-Generation Higher-Education Students Break the Intergenerational Cycle. Discussion Paper No. 1322-07  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first children in a family to attain a higher education, referred to as "first-generation students," embody the realization of social mobility. Previous analysis has often portrayed them as succeeding despite their family background. This research suggests that although they face many material challenges, their families are often a key…

Gofen, Anat

2007-01-01

479

Performance Pay System Preferences of Students Preparing to Be Teachers. WCER Working Paper No. 2006-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To explore whether teachers' attitudes toward pay for performance are the result of experience or socialization, or whether teachers are already predisposed to prefer pay systems not based on performance, and whether some forms of performance pay might be preferred to others, a study was conducted of the pay system preferences of students

Milanowski, Anthony

2006-01-01

480

The Role of Ethnicity in Conceptualizing and Practicing Leadership in a Japanese-American Student Organization. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to examine the gap between Asian American over-representation in higher education and their under-representation in leadership positions in United States society, this study examined leadership in a Japanese American college student organization, the "Tomo No Kai (Tomo)." In particular it examined the role of personal qualities, cultural…

Yamasaki, Erika

481

Teacher Effectiveness and the Achievement of Washington Students in Mathematics. CEDR Working Paper No. 2010-6.0  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stories about the importance of teacher effectiveness for student achievement are currently ubiquitous in the media (Gladwell 2008; Kristoff 2009; Felch et al 2010). Teacher quality is also the focus of significant national efforts and investments. A growing body of quantitative research supports the focus on teacher and teacher effectiveness.…

Goldhaber, Dan; Liddle, Stephanie; Theobald, Roddy; Walch, Joe

2010-01-01

482

The Use of Mathematical Models of Student Flow in Educational Planning: A Review and Critique. DASP Planning Paper No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for educational planners and decision makers, this report describes the application of mathematical procedures to depict the relationship of elements within models which represent the flow of students through an educational system. The introductory section includes a discussion of the history of the use of planning models in education and…

Wasik, J. L.

483

Aligning School Finance with Academic Standards: A Weighted-Student Formula Based on a Survey of Practitioners. Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains estimates of the cost to California's public schools of meeting the state's achievement standards. In the aggregate, the cost is about 40 percent greater than the expenditures of California schools in 2003-04. The bulk of these additional costs are for resources needed to boost achievement in schools primarily serving students

Sonstelie, Jon

2007-01-01

484

The Application of a Model of Turnover in Work Organizations to the Student Attrition Process. Air Forum 1981 Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A theoretical model of turnover in work organizations was applied to the college student dropout process at a major midwestern land grant university. The 854 freshmen women subjects completed a questionnaire that included measures for 14 independent variables: grades, practical value, development, routinization, instrumental communication,…

Bean, John P.

485

Identifying Students at Risk: Utilizing Traditional and Non-Traditional Data Sources. AIR 1996 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study tracked 3,192 University of Iowa freshmen through their first year and into their second year on campus. Logistic regression analyses using multiple data sources (admissions and registrar files, a standardized entrance test (the American College Testing Program Assessment) student profile section, an entering freshman survey) were…

Huesman, Ronald L., Jr.; And Others

486

Tinto's Separation Stage and Its Influence on First-Semester College Student Persistence. AIR 1998 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined first- to second-semester persistence of first-time, full-time college freshmen at a public four-year institution, focusing on Tinto's (1993) concept of separation. Data were collected from 689 first-time, full-time freshmen using the Cooperative Institutional Research Program 1995 Student Information Form, and from 411…

Elkins, Susan A.; Braxton, John M.; James, Glenn W.

487

Reflect on This  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This geometry lesson from Illuminations examines regular polygons. Students will study reflections using hinged mirrors and examine the interior angles of regular polygons. The lesson allows students to look at the relationship between the number of sides in a regular polygon and the measure of its central angles. An animated video demonstrating the experiment is included with the lesson. The lesson is intended for grades 9-12 studying geometry and should take two class periods to complete.

2011-01-13

488

Comments on the geophysics paper -- Multiparameter l(1) norm waveform fitting: Interpretation of Gulf of Mexico reflection seismograms: by H. Djikpesse and A. Tarantola  

SciTech Connect

In their recent paper, Djikpesse and Tarantola (Geophysics 65 (4) pp. 1023-1035, hereinafter D and T) raise a central question about geophysical inversion: how accurately must the physics of seismic waves in the Earth be modeled in order that inversion succeed? Two general criteria for successful inversion appear in D and T's discussion: fit of predicted to observed data, and prediction of Earth structure. The hypothesis underlying inversion is that these criteria are unextricably linked, so that data fit should lead to accurate inference of subsurface features. The authors have also worked on the data discussed in D and T, using different modeling choices and inversion algorithms but also achieving quite successful inversions, in both senses. They feel that a brief comparison of methods and results might highlight the subtle relation between accuracy in modeling and success in inversion as well as raising questions about the appropriateness of D and T's modeling and inversion choices.

Minkoff, S.E.; Symes, W.W.

2000-01-03

489

Reflective Journal Writing as an Alternative Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the use of reflective journal writing in an 8th grade, inner city general music classroom. Reflective journal writing entries replaced tests and quizzes. They provided the students with a guided opportunity to demonstrate their learning using their own words. Reflective journal writing created greater class participation (especially among lower- performing students), stronger academic achievement, and a better

Nicole Williams

490

Dynamic Paper  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With this versatile resource a teacher can create a variety of materials to use with students: nets for three-dimensional shapes, graph paper, number lines, number grids, tessellations, two-dimensional shapes, and spinners. Each mode has flexible design options. The results can be downloaded as a printable PDF activity sheet or as a web-friendly JPEG image.

2010-01-01

491

Critically Reflective Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical Reflective Practice (CRP) has a proven reputation as a method for teacher-researchers in K-12 classrooms, but there have been few published examples of this method being used to document school leaders' work-based practice. This paper outlines adaptations made by the author from an original CRP method to a Critically Reflective Leadership…

Cunningham, Christine L.

2012-01-01

492

Make Your Own Recycled Paper  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn how paper is made. Working together, student teams make their own paper. This activity introduces students to recycling; what it is, its value and benefits, and how it affects their lives.

Center for Engineering Educational Outreach,

493

Using Web Blogs as a Tool to Encourage Pre-Class Reading, Post-Class Reflections and Collaboration in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the students' experiments of using blogs to encourage themselves to do pre-class reading assignment and reflections after class. The sample in the study included five ESL (English as a Second Language) graduate students in a course of teaching methods, and 90 software engineering students in an undergraduate information…

Al-Fadda, Hind; Al-Yahya, Maha

2010-01-01

494

Reflection by Porro Prisms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Students all know that reflection from a plane mirror produces an image that is reversed right to left and so cannot be read by anyone but Leonardo da Vinci, who kept his notes in mirror writing. A useful counter-example is the Porro prism, which produces an image that is not reversed.

Greenslade, Thomas B.

2010-04-01

495

NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Paper 51: Workplace communications skills and the value of communications and information-use skills instruction: Engineering students' perspectives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Studies indicate that communications and information-related activities take up a substantial portion of an engineer's work week; therefore, effective communications and information use skills are one of the key engineering competencies that recent graduates of engineering programs are expected to possess. Feedback from industry rates communications and information use skills of entry-level engineers low. Missing from current discussions of communications and information use skills and competencies for engineering students is a clear explanation from the professional engineering community about what constitutes 'acceptable and desirable communications and information norms' within that community. To gather adequate and generalizable data about communications and information skills instruction and to provide a student perspective on the communications skills of engineers, we undertook a national study of aerospace engineering students in March 1993. The study included questions about the importance of certain communications and information skills to professional success, the instruction students had received in these skills, and perceived helpfulness of the instruction. Selected results from the study study are reported in this paper.

Pinelli, Thomas E.; Barclay, Rebecca O.; Kennedy, John M.

1995-01-01

496

On Cartographies of Anti-Homophobia in Teacher Education (and the Crisis of Witnessing Rural Student Teacher Refusals)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the problem of student refusals in a rural Australian teacher education programme as a problem located in particular spatialised social relations. Drawing upon teacher educator reflections and student online discussions, the paper documents a situated approach to anti-homophobia teacher education: one in which student

McConaghy, Cathryn

2004-01-01

497

The Learning Disabilities Association of America's White Paper on Evaluation, Identification, and Eligibility Criteria for Students with Specific Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This White Paper project was undertaken to address the Learning Disabilities Association of America (LDA) concerns regarding the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA) of 2004 statutory and regulatory requirements for the identification of Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD), and the subsequent U. S. Department of…

Learning Disabilities Association of America, 2010

2010-01-01

498

Reflective Creativity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Almost more than acts of creativity in education the act of reflection holds within itself seeds of change and transformation. As Donald Schön (1991) has pointed out, by exploring the patterns of spontaneous activity that make up practice, and believing there is an underlying sense to be discovered, teachers are led to reflect on their own understandings and the theoretical

Mary Hilton

499

Children's Literature-Some Reflections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten reflections may be made regarding children's literature and its teaching. The reflections are as follows: (1) Teachers can make a profound difference in the lives of students and should attempt to do so. (2) Teachers of children's literature are a badly fragmented lot and need a common meeting ground where they can share their thinking. (3)…

Root, Shelton L., Jr.

500

The Great Paper Towel Race.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines a class project in which students explore characteristics of paper towels and paper towel advertising. Students design a variety of experiments related to paper towels and their claims. Provides four activities. (DDR)

Burrows, Wayne R.

1997-01-01