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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Evaluating Student Reflections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper traces the development of guidelines to help education instructors effectively evaluate and provide guided practice for student teachers as they reflect on their professional work. The University of Wisconsin River Falls requires student teachers to videotape their teaching experiences, then reflect on how, why, and where they meet…

Crotty, Teri; Allyn, Debra

2

Reflections on Equity, Adequacy and Weighted Student Funding. Working Papers Series. SAN08-04  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the context of the school finance literature, the concepts of equity and adequacy raise a number of complex definitional and pragmatic issues. The purpose of this paper is to clarify those issues and to use those concepts to evaluate the recent policy proposal called Weighted Student Funding (WSF). Though WSF contains some equity-enhancing…

Ladd, Helen F.

2008-01-01

3

Outstanding student paper awards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Ocean Sciences Section presented the following outstanding student paper awards at the 1998 AGU-ASLO Ocean Sciences Meeting in San Diego, California, last February. Juli M. Berwald presented a poster titled “The Packet Model for the Downwelling Average Cosine of Irradiance in the Ocean,” coauthored by C. D. Mobley and D. A. Kiefer. Juli received her B.A. in mathematics from Amherst College in 1989. Her doctoral research at the University of Southern California focused on understanding relationships between the inherent and apparent optical properties in the ocean. Most of her work is based on results from radiative transfer calculations which mathematically describe how water and particles affect the magnitude and direction of radiance in the ocean. The Lamina Model of the Downwelling Average Cosine of Irradiance, which formed the basis of her AGU presentation, will be incorporated into a new model for reflectance in the ocean. Juli has also developed models of the average cosine of irradiance in which the effects of scattering and absorption on the shape of the underwater light field are individually identified. In addition, she has investigated the effects of raman scattering on the average cosine and the diffuse attenuation coefficient throughout the water column and into the asymptotic field. Juli's graduate work has been supported by a NASA fellowship in Global Change.

4

Outstanding Student Paper Awards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following members received Outstanding Student Paper Awards at the 2006 Fall Meeting in San Francisco, Calif. Winners in other sections and focus groups will be announced in subsequent issues of Eos.

2007-03-01

5

Outstanding Student Paper Awards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following members received Outstanding Student Paper Awards at the 2006 AGU Fall Meeting, in San Francisco, Calif. Winners in other sections and focus groups will be announced in subsequent issues of Eos.

2007-04-01

6

Outstanding student papers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Five presentations in the Hydrology Section were named Outstanding Student Papers at the 1996 Spring Meeting in Baltimore, Md. John D. Albertson, of the Hydrologic Science Department, University of California at Davis, presented “Atmospheric Coupling Between Land Surface Patches: A Large Eddy Simulation.” Emmanouil N. Anagnostou, who presented the poster “Mean Field Radar-Rainfall Bias Studies for NEXRAD,” is a third-year student in the hydrometeorology Ph.D. program at The University of Iowa.

7

Learner Reflection in Student Self-assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learner reflection is critical to effective, deep, transferable learning, especially in cognitively demanding areas, such as learning programming. This paper presents Reflect, a programming education system, which aims to facilitate student self-assessment and promote learner reflection through scrutable learner models. Reflect sets tasks and presents a set of example answers to read and assess. We report students' use of the

Judy Kay; Lichao Li; Alan Fekete

8

Measuring Practicum Student Teachers' Reflectivity: The Reflective Pedagogical Thinking Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the original study was to investigate practicum student teachers' reflectivity. This paper describes the use of a revised version of the Reflective Pedagogical Thinking Scale (Sparks-Langer, et al., 1990) to measure reflectivity. The original scale was used by the developers to assess reflectivity through a structured interview. The…

Seng, Toh Wah

2004-01-01

9

Structures for Facilitating Student Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of this article is to describe a continuum of levels of reflection. It briefly focuses on Deanna Kuhn's research into the development of scientific thinking and Robert Kegan's Object-Subject Theory of Development applied to the problems of inspiring students to be able to reflect. Assignments for improving students' ability to reflect

Grossman, Robert

2009-01-01

10

Reviewing Student Papers Electronically  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to consistently give quality feedback to students, the author introduces the revision and automation tools in Microsoft Word 2007. These features, Comments, Tracking, and Changes, are part of the Review group in MS Word 2007. Additionally, the AutoCorrect feature can be used to enhance and support editing endeavors. This article offers a…

Dunford, Spencer

2011-01-01

11

Feedback Dialogues That Stimulate Students' Reflective Thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

How can feedback dialogues stimulate students' reflective thinking? This study aims to investigate: (1) the effects of feedback dialogues between teachers and students on students' perceptions of teacher feedback and (2) the relation between features of feedback dialogues and students' thinking activities as part of reflective thinking. A quasi-experiment was carried out in which 72 secondary education students received written

Marieke Van der Schaaf; Liesbeth Baartman; Frans Prins; Anne Oosterbaan; Harmen Schaap

2011-01-01

12

Enhancing Student Teacher Reflective Practice through Poetry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes a seminar process in which poetry is used with student teachers to provide a focal point for reflection and introspection. Through this reflection process, students have been able to reflect deeply and personally on their student-teaching experiences, on their own personalities in the context of those experiences, and on…

Cowin, Kathleen M.

2012-01-01

13

Best Ocean Sciences Student Paper  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

“Sediment-Water Radium Exchange” is the title of the presentation selected by the AGU Ocean Sciences Section as the best paper given by a student at the 1986 AGU Spring Meeting. JoLynn Butts, a marine science M.S. candidate at the University of South Carolina (USC), wrote the paper in collaboration with a USC colleague. Butts received her B.A. in natural sciences and mathematics from the New College of the University of South Florida, Sarasota, in 1983. After finishing her M.S. at USC, she will continue her studies there with a Ph.D. program that will examine the transport processes in the Bay of Bengal by utilizing radioisotope tracers.

14

Streaming video to enhance students' reflection in dance education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an evaluation case study that describes the experiences of 15 students and 2 teachers using a video-based learning environment, DiViDU, to facilitate students' daily reflection activities in a composition course and a ballet course. To support dance students' reflection processes streaming video was applied as follows: video editing and viewing for facilitating students in describing their practice;

Äli Leijen; Ineke Lam; Liesbeth Wildschut; P. Robert-jan Simons; Wilfried Admiraal

2009-01-01

15

Scaffolding students' reflection for science learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research in recent decades has emphasized the importance of reflection for students learning science, but educators have not reached consensus on the most effective ways to promote reflection, nor has a mechanism explaining the effects of reflection been accepted. Furthermore, many have put forth technology as a vehicle for improving student learning, yet others discount its ability to facilitate real reflection. This research determines whether reflection prompts promote knowledge integration for students working on science projects and what level of prompt specificity best supports students in that endeavor. The Knowledge Integration Environment (KIE) affords investigation of computer-delivered prompts for students completing complex projects. This research takes place in the context of the KIE software and curriculum as used in an eighth grade physical science class. Pilot research on prompts indicated that focusing students on reflection significantly increased knowledge integration. A basic question unanswered by the pilot research was: As students work on projects like those used in KIE, do they merely need to be prompted to reflect, or do they need guidance in determining what to reflect about? The prompts contrasted in this research differ in their specificity. Some students received directed prompts aimed at fostering planning and self-monitoring, while others received generic 'stop and think' prompts. The investigations describe the gross effects of reflection prompts, then attempt to identify a mechanism behind those effects through characterizing the kinds of reflection they elicit and the beliefs about science and learning science of individuals using the prompts. I argue that by engaging in reflection, students identify weaknesses in their knowledge and then are more ready and able to link and distinguish their ideas. Generic prompts are more effective than directed prompts at engaging students in these knowledge integration processes. Autonomous students benefit most from generic prompts for reflection. This research contributes to teaching practice, technology design, and the educational and cognitive research literature. The success of generic prompts, in particular, indicates that instructional designers should concentrate on building learning environments that provide opportunities for students to reflect, and allow students to take responsibility for directing their own reflection autonomously.

Davis, Elizabeth Anna

16

Background Papers on Student Drug Involvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The National Student Association (NSA) presents its position on student drug involvement in part 1 of this collection. A resolution calling for re-investigation of existing marijuana laws and guaranteed rights to the privacy of students was passed by NSA in August, 1966. This resolution is discussed. In part 2, papers presented at the National…

Hollander, Charles, Ed.

17

A qualitative analysis of reflective and defensive student responses in a software engineering and design course  

Microsoft Academic Search

For students encountering difficult material, reflective practice is considered to play an important role in their learning. However, students in this situation sometimes do not behave reflectively, but in less productive and more problematic ways. This paper investigates how educators can recognize and analyze students' confusion, and determine whether students are responding reflectively or defensively. Qualitative data for the investigation

Leslie Schwartzman

2006-01-01

18

Student teacher collaborative reflection: perspectives on learning together  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reflects on the collaborative learning experiences of two ‘student teachers’ who have recently completed a Masters in Higher Education. Its purpose is to enhance our general understanding, and to encourage debate on how the professional expertise and confidence of new academics may be supported. Specifically, the article examines the use of classroom observation and associated reflective activities between

Deborah Peel; Sue Shortland

2004-01-01

19

Medical Students' Mindset for Reflective Learning: A Revalidation Study of the Reflection-in-Learning Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aims of this paper are to examine the measurement properties of the Reflection-in-Learning Scale (RLS) and to identify whether there are relationships between RLS scores early in the medical program and outcomes of the students' academic activity later on. The 14-item RLS was administered to second-year students (N=275) at start and at end of…

Sobral, Dejano T.

2005-01-01

20

Intellectual disability nursing assessment: student reflections.  

PubMed

Nursing students, Paula and Lynda, reflect on their first academic assessment of their 4-year intellectual disability nursing course. The reflection is conducted by the second and third authors of this article, and is guided by Gibbs' (1998) cycle, highlighting the positive and negative aspects of their 'workbook' assignment during their first academic semester. Overall, the use of the workbook as an assessment method enabled the students to discover the importance of time management, attendance at lectures, database searching, referencing and academic writing. The assignment enabled the students to be more prepared for clinical practice placement, and develop a basis for future learning and knowledge of intellectual disability. PMID:22584930

Doody, Owen; McInerney, Paula; Linnane, Lynda

21

Outstanding Student Paper Awards:2006 Joint Assembly  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following members received Outstanding Student Paper Awards at the 2006 Joint Assembly in Baltimore, Md. (Winners in other sections and focus groups will be announced in subsequent issues of Eos.)

2006-07-01

22

Student Unrest in the High Schools: A Position Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Derived from the deliberations of the 1969 Superintendents Work Conference, this position paper provides an analysis of the current panorama of social unrest in schools and the community in general. It began with the assessment that student unrest, to be effectively dealt with, must be viewed as emerging from and reflecting the structural,…

Flemmings, Vincent C.

23

Reflecting on the use of student portfolios  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of portfolios in nursing has increased during recent years. We reflect upon the design and implementation of a portfolio for pre-registration nursing students in the School of Care Sciences1at the University of Glamorgan. The portfolio was introduced as the result of the need to address the theory–practice divide and to provide nurse students with the skills to maintain

Sue Harris; Gina Dolan; Gavin Fairbairn

2001-01-01

24

Integrating a Reflective Framework within Web-Based Templates for Student and Teacher Self-Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explains how a World Wide Web site was designed to assist preservice teacher education students in reflecting upon their learning and to assist a teacher educator to reflect upon his teaching in university classes. The students reflected on their learning experiences in university classes using a three-phase reflective framework: (1)…

Hoban, Garry

25

Best Student Papers for 1987 Spring Meeting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As they did at previous national meetings, several AGU sections selected Best Student Papers at the 1987 Spring Meeting in Baltimore, Md., during May 1987 as a means of encouraging student participation.Pal Wessel was selected by the Geodesy Section to receive their Best Student Paper Award for his paper entitled “Global Gravity Crossover Corrections: Implications and Applications,” which was coauthored by A. B. Watts (Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory (LDGO), Palisades, N.Y.). Wessel received his B.Sc. (1982) and M.S. (1984) from the University of Oslo, Norway, in applied geophysics, while working on inversion of gravity anomalies over a continental rift (Oslo Graben). He is currently a Ph.D. candidate at LDGO. Wessel's research in gravity includes statistical analysis of shipboard gravity data, gridding algorithms, and computation of gravimetric geoids. He is also working on flexre of young oceanic lithosphere caused by thermal stresses.

26

Using Reflection Documents to Assess Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Traditional assessment methods such as tests and essays may not be adequate to evaluate students' ability to solve problems and think critically. I developed a qualitative assessment technique for a junior-level Wildlife Management Techniques course that incorporated written responses in a pre- and post-course reflection exercise. I provided the…

Powell, Larkin A.

2009-01-01

27

Reflective learning within clinical physiology: the student’s perspective on the usefulness of reflection as a learning tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty-eight students were asked to complete the research questionnaire and 11 students were also interviewed. Four themes emerged: students’ perception of reflection, relationship of theory to practice, perceived benefits of reflection and perceived limitations or barriers to reflection.Key observations and recommendations: to facilitate the development of the reflective practitioner reflection should be encouraged throughout the programme; using innovative techniques during

Jacqueline Laverty

2011-01-01

28

Reflective learning within clinical physiology: the student’s perspective on the usefulness of reflection as a learning tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty-eight students were asked to complete the research questionnaire and 11 students were also interviewed. Four themes emerged: students’ perception of reflection, relationship of theory to practice, perceived benefits of reflection and perceived limitations or barriers to reflection.Key observations and recommendations: to facilitate the development of the reflective practitioner reflection should be encouraged throughout the programme; using innovative techniques during

Jacqueline Laverty

2012-01-01

29

Understanding Management Students' Reflective Practice through Blogging  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper discusses the results of a study on the use of blogging to encourage students to engage in the making of theory-practice linkages and critical thinking within the context of a graduate management course. Sixty-five students participated in collaborative blogging for a period of five weeks. The transcripts of these blogs were analyzed…

Osman, Gihan; Koh, Joyce Hwee Ling

2013-01-01

30

Medical Students’ Mindset for Reflective Learning: A Revalidation Study of the Reflection-In-Learning Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of this paper are to examine the measurement properties of the Reflection-in-Learning Scale (RLS) and to identify\\u000a whether there are relationships between RLS scores early in the medical program and outcomes of the students’ academic activity\\u000a later on. The 14-item RLS was administered to second-year students (N=275) at start and at end of the third semester, after\\u000a the

Dejano T. Sobral

2005-01-01

31

Fostering an action-reflection dynamic amongst student practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to explore changes taking place in a curriculum design for postgraduate teaching in personnel and development, aimed at enhancing lifelong learning. A scheme is described which aims to improve the alignment for professional development of students, in ways that facilitate critically reflective practice. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The authors draw on their personal experiences as a programme

Helen Francis; John Cowan

2008-01-01

32

Fostering an Action-Reflection Dynamic amongst Student Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This paper seeks to explore changes taking place in a curriculum design for postgraduate teaching in personnel and development, aimed at enhancing lifelong learning. A scheme is described which aims to improve the alignment for professional development of students, in ways that facilitate critically reflective practice.…

Francis, Helen; Cowan, John

2008-01-01

33

"Lights, Camera, Reflection": Using Peer Video to Promote Reflective Dialogue among Student Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the use of peer-videoing in the classroom as a means of promoting reflection among student teachers. Ten pre-service teachers participating in a teacher education programme in a university in the Republic of Ireland and ten pre-service teachers participating in a teacher education programme in a university in the North of…

Harford, Judith; MacRuairc, Gerry; McCartan, Dermot

2010-01-01

34

Reflective Practice and Self-Evaluation in Learning Positive Guidance: Experiences of Early Childhood Practicum Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the role of self-reflection and self-evaluation in early childhood practicum students' development of positive guidance skills with children. We examine how helpful students find self-reflection and self-evaluation exercises and how their thoroughness of reflection relates to their progress in acquiring positive guidance…

McFarland, Laura; Saunders, Rachel; Allen, Sydnye

2009-01-01

35

Enhancing Quality of Student Teachers' Practices through Reflective Journal Writing during School Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the role of journal writing in enhancing student teachers' learning during school practice. It analyses data from 22 student teachers' journals and 23 questionnaires. The study focuses on the areas that student teachers reflected on most, the nature of their reflection and the extent to which previous experiences informed their…

Ezati, Betty Akullu; Ocheng, Mary K.; Ssentamu, Proscovia N.; Sikoyo, Leah N.

2010-01-01

36

Enhancing Quality of Student Teachers' Practices through Reflective Journal Writing during School Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the role of journal writing in enhancing student teachers' learning during school practice. It analyses data from 22 student teachers' journals and 23 questionnaires. The study focuses on the areas that student teachers reflected on most, the nature of their reflection and the extent to which previous experiences informed…

Ezati, Betty Akullu; Ocheng, Mary K.; Ssentamu, Proscovia N.; Sikoyo, Leah N.

2010-01-01

37

Spectral reflectance properties of wetlands plants. Scientific paper  

SciTech Connect

Wetlands occupy a unique position on the landscape. Being neither fully aquatic nor terrestrial, they are poorly understood from a standpoint of seasonal characterization and detection using spectral sensors. Wetlands ecotones and their associated plant communities offer a seasonally dynamic ecology which is governed primarily by fluctuations in local hydrologic regimes. Biogeochemical dynamics, caused by fluctuations in hydrology, work to manifest changes in plant physiology and provide a challenge for the spectral characterization and detection of wetlands. This paper presents information on the spectral reflectance characteristics of wetland plants and attempts to relate changes in spectral reflectance to the seasonal stresses experienced by wetlands plant communities.

Anderson, J.E.

1994-08-01

38

GP Section selects Best Student Paper  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The AGU Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism (GP) Section has announced its selection of a paper entitled “Multicomponent Magnetization of the Upper Silurian-Lower Devonian Ringerike Sandstone, Adjacent Dikes, and Permian Lavas, Oslo, Norway” as the best GP student paper presented at the 1986 AGU Spring Meeting. The primary author, Dartmouth College Ph.D. candidate David Douglass, was assisted on the paper by a colleague from Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory. Douglass received his B.S. in geology from the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1980, and in 1984, he received his M.S. in earth sciences at Dartmouth. His current studies examine the paleomagnetism, structure, and sedimentation of several North Atlantic old red sandstone basins.

39

Reflectivity through Journal Writing: Student Teachers Write about Reading Events.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The question posed in this study was whether university reading methods courses influenced student teachers' instructional choices through a process of reflective judgment. It also examined the students' actual practices as they related to the complexity of their reflections, and whether reflective judgment could be improved by using journal…

Smith, Lynn C.; Pape, Sharon L.

40

What Medical Students Say about Psychiatry: Results of a Reflection Exercise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The author describes the results of a reflection exercise for psychiatry clerkship students. Method: The author performed a qualitative analysis on 100 "reflection" papers written by medical students in their psychiatry clerkship and identified the most prominent thematic content. Results: The most common thematic content involved…

Brenner, Adam M.

2011-01-01

41

Learning Vicariously: Students' Reflections of the Leadership Lessons Portrayed in "The Office"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Leadership educators are encouraged to identify and apply new ways to teach leadership. This paper provides the qualitative results of post-secondary students' reflections of learning leadership concepts after watching several episodes of the television show, "The Office." Students used reflective journaling to record their reactions and…

Wimmer, Gaea; Meyers, Courtney; Porter, Haley; Shaw, Martin

2012-01-01

42

Assessing the Quality of Reflection in Student Journals: A Review of the Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we review 11 research articles that examine the level of reflection found in student journals in higher education across a range of disciplines. Our review reveals little to no consistency in the research community around the mechanisms and process of assessing levels of reflection in student journals. Our analysis also reveals that…

Dyment, Janet E.; O'Connell, Timothy S.

2011-01-01

43

Assessing the Quality of Reflection in Student Journals: A Review of the Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, we review 11 research articles that examine the level of reflection found in student journals in higher education across a range of disciplines. Our review reveals little to no consistency in the research community around the mechanisms and process of assessing levels of reflection in student journals. Our analysis also reveals…

Dyment, Janet E.; O'Connell, Timothy S.

2011-01-01

44

What Medical Students Say about Psychiatry: Results of a Reflection Exercise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The author describes the results of a reflection exercise for psychiatry clerkship students. Method: The author performed a qualitative analysis on 100 "reflection" papers written by medical students in their psychiatry clerkship and identified the most prominent thematic content. Results: The most common thematic content involved…

Brenner, Adam M.

2011-01-01

45

Engaging young students in scientific investigations: prompting for meaningful reflection  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the verbal prompts a tutor used to promote reflection and young students’ responses to these prompts.\\u000a Seven children (ages 8–12) participated in 260 min of one-on-one tutoring to learn scientific concepts related to gear movement;\\u000a the tutor spontaneously provided these students with 763 prompts for reflection. Prompts reliably induced reflection: Students\\u000a responded verbally 87% of the time. Turn-by-turn

Travis Wilson; Michelle Perry; Carolyn J. Anderson; Dean Grosshandler

46

Secondary-School Students' Motivation for Portfolio Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Several studies concluded that deep reflection is infrequently reached in student portfolios. An explanation for these disappointing conclusions might be that motivation for portfolio reflection determines the quality of reflection. This study aimed to examine the relationship between motivation for using digital portfolios and reflection.…

De Bruin, H. L.; van der Schaaf, M. F.; Oosterbaan, A. E.; Prins, F. J.

2012-01-01

47

Improving Student Coaches' Learning through Teaching Reflective Techniques  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to examine how teaching reflective concepts and directing reflective writing would influence student coaches' (SC) level of reflective writing in a one semester coaching internship course. A Multiple baseline format was used to implement the intervention. The intervention used five reflective ideas to try and…

Meeteer, Wesley R., II.

2011-01-01

48

Student Searches & the Law. NSSC Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The increased presence of drugs and weapons in schools has forced school officials to step up searches of students, lockers, and school property. The landmark case of "New Jersey vs. TLO" set standards concerning reasonable suspicion and reasonable searches. School officials must be familiar with recent court opinions on student searches, use…

Stephens, Ronald D., Ed.

49

Social Security Benefits for Students. Background Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During the fiscal year 1976, outlays for social security student benefits made it the second largest federal program for direct aid to students (second to the Veterans' Readjustment Benefits). Benefits paid on account of a dependent child normally end on a child's eighteenth birthday; but 1965 legislation extended coverage to 18-to-21-year-old…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Congressional Budget Office.

50

Experienced primary teachers' and primary science student teachers' collaborative learning through reflection on their science teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the questions of what and how two mentoring primary teachers and two science primary student teachers learned from their common experiences while planning, implementing, and reflecting on different science teaching activities with students aged 7-9 during a four-week school practicum. During four weeks, two lessons each of the student teachers and two of the mentors were video

Pernilla Nilsson; Jan Van Driel

51

Using Journal Writing to Enhance Student Teachers’ Reflectivity During Field Experience Placements  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the use of reflective journals to facilitate student learning during a teacher education practicum. Thirty?five student teachers undertaking a 1?year Graduate Diploma of Education submitted weekly journal entries during their 11?week practicum and were interviewed at several stages about their educational beliefs and practices. Students were randomly assigned to four intervention conditions which varied the content of

John D. Bain; Roy Ballantyne; Jan Packer; Colleen Mills

1999-01-01

52

Engaging Young Students in Scientific Investigations: Prompting for Meaningful Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the verbal prompts a tutor used to promote reflection and young students' responses to these prompts. Seven children (ages 8-12) participated in 260 min of one-on-one tutoring to learn scientific concepts related to gear movement; the tutor spontaneously provided these students with 763 prompts for reflection. Prompts reliably…

Wilson, Travis; Perry, Michelle; Anderson, Carolyn J.; Grosshandler, Dean

2012-01-01

53

Preparing Students to Write a Professional Philosophy of Recreation Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes a process for guiding students through the writing of a Professional Philosophy of Recreation Paper and a one-page philosophy statement suitable for use in students' professional portfolios. The authors describe how the review of recreation education literature, scholarship on teaching and learning, and assessment of student

Stevens, Cheryl; Schneider, Paige P.; Johnson, Corey W.

2012-01-01

54

Preservice Teachers' Reflection on Clinical Experiences: A Comparison of Blog and Final Paper Assignments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study focused on the depth of reflection in the writing of preservice teachers who completed end-of-the-semester reflective papers or reflective blogs for undergraduate education courses associated with clinical experiences. Coders rated the depth of reflection as one of four categories: non-reflection, understanding, reflection, or critical…

Harland, Darci J.; Wondra, Joshua D.

2011-01-01

55

How to Determine the Quality of Students' Reflections?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses some of the ambiguities related to the concept of reflection in education, and presents an alternative approach for determining the focus and quality of students' reflection. Accordingly, the focus of reflection can vary from a concrete technical aspect of an experience to the broader societal context of that experience,…

Leijen, Ali; Valtna, Kai; Leijen, Djuddah A. J.; Pedaste, Margus

2012-01-01

56

Positive Experiences as Input for Reflection by Student Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many teacher training courses, reflection upon practice plays a very important role in learning to teach. A number of strategies have been developed to help student teachers learn to reflect. Current reflection strategies often focus on problematic instead of on positive experiences. Ideas from positive psychology and solution-based therapy…

Janssen, Fred; de Hullu, Els; Tigelaar, Dineke

2008-01-01

57

Compendium of Student Papers: 2010 Undergraduate Transportation Scholars Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is a compilation of research papers written by students participating in the 2010 Undergraduate Transportation Scholars Program. The 10-week summer program, now in its 20th year, provides undergraduate students in Civil Engineering the opportu...

B. Brimley B. Schwenn B. Ward G. Larson I. Almy J. Tovar L. Ballard W. Huff

2011-01-01

58

Proactive Reflection in the Development of Nursing Student Clinical Judgment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative study investigates one mechanism for teaching nursing students to be prepared to handle difficult patient situations. Students were required to proactively assess a clinical situation prior to engaging in a solution. This concept of ldquoproactiverdquo reflection utilizing clinical simulations in a nursing laboratory was tested to determine if exposing students to these situations would allow them to be

James L. Bowen; Carole Mckenzie; Kim Bruce

2008-01-01

59

Creating rainbows from words and transforming understandings: enhancing student learning through reflective writing in an Aboriginal music course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reflective journal writing is acknowledged as a powerful method for promoting student learning in higher education contexts. Numerous scholars highlight the benefits of reflective writing and journaling for students and teachers in a wide range of teaching areas. There is however, little discussion of how reflective writing is used in teaching and learning in Indigenous Australian studies. This paper explores

Katelyn Barney; Elizabeth Mackinlay

2010-01-01

60

Reflections on Graduate Student PBL Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study designed to contribute to existing research on Problem-Based Learning (PBL) chose a focus group comprising 16 MSc. Petroleum Engineering students (six females). Using PBL as the method of instruction, students examined a real-life petroleum engineering problem that highlighted numerous areas of their existing curriculum. They worked in…

McDonald, Betty

2008-01-01

61

Students as Documenters: Benefits, Reflections, and Suggestions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although school restructuring often calls for modifying the roles and responsibilities of teachers, students, and administrators, most restructuring efforts involve educators, not students. A team of university researchers trained high school sophomores as documenters of the school restructuring process. These documenters helped develop the…

Bechtel, Dave; Reed, Cynthia

1998-01-01

62

Studying Student Culture via the Internet. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the attempt to use the Internet to study a particular student culture. The goal is to highlight the ethical and procedural issues encountered in the Internet study of an online student culture. The primary purpose of the study was to examine how closeted gay students experience their identity on campus and in an online…

Kinser, Kevin; Mueller, John A.; Brownell, Jayne E.

63

Assessing Students and Yourself Using the One Minute Paper and Observing Students Working Cooperatively.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes two approaches to the evaluation of student learning skills and learning styles: the "One Minute Paper" and classroom observation of students in cooperative learning groups. The One Minute Paper developed, by R. Weaver and H. Cottrell (1985), is a form completed by students at the end of class that asks students to indicate…

Panitz, Theodore; Panitz, Patricia

64

Reflective Practice Enriches Clerkship Students' Cross-Cultural Experiences  

PubMed Central

AIM To describe a curriculum incorporating written reflection followed by reflective discussion with the goal of enhancing students’ recognition and handling of cross-cultural and health disparity issues in different healthcare delivery settings. PROGRAM AND SETTING This required curriculum was implemented within a 4-week family medicine clerkship (n?=?188 students, 6 to 12 per rotation) in 23 successive rotations over 2 years. Electronic submission of a written assignment in response to structured questions was followed by in-class discussion in week 4. PROGRAM EVALUATION Outcomes were students’ session evaluations, thematic analysis of student responses, and analysis of faculty facilitators’ reflections about discussion sessions. Students’ cultural knowledge about their patients’ health beliefs around diabetes was assessed using multiple choice questions at the beginning and end of the clerkship. RESULTS One hundred percent of students submitted narratives. Student evaluations demonstrated high acceptance, appreciation of sessions and faculty. Analyses of written assignments and in-class discussions identified recurring themes. Students achieved greater synthesis and more nuanced understanding of cross-cultural encounters after discussion. Self-rating of confidence in addressing cultural issues after the curriculum was high at 3.17?±?SD 0.57 (1–4). Cultural knowledge scores improved significantly. Core components for success were clerkship director support, required participation, experienced faculty facilitators without evaluative roles, a structured assignment and formal forum for trigger question discussion DISCUSSION Written reflection followed by facilitated peer discussion adds value to simple ‘exposure’ to cross-cultural clinical experiences for medical students.

Shapiro, Johanna; Cohn, Felicia; Najm, Wadie

2010-01-01

65

Scrutable Learner Modelling and Learner Reflection in Student Self-assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learner reflection is critical to effective, deep, transferable learning, especially in cognitively demanding areas, such\\u000a as learning programming. This paper presents KrAssess, a programming education system, which aims to facilitate student self-assessment\\u000a and promote learner reflection through scrutable learner models. KrAssess supports learning by helping students learn to “see”\\u000a solutions according to the criteria valued by their teacher. It also

Judy Kay; Lichao Li

2006-01-01

66

Bridging the Distance: The Use of Blogs as Reflective Learning Tools for Placement Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reviews the effectiveness of web logs ("blogs"), or online journals, within the context of a compulsory final-year placement unit for public relations students. The key goal behind the use of Web2.0 technology was to encourage ongoing, reflective practice via an exchange between students thereby limiting feelings of isolation commonly…

Wolf, Katharina

2010-01-01

67

Student learning preferences reflect curricular change.  

PubMed

This study measured the learning preference profile development and readiness for self-directed learning over time of two undergraduate student cohorts experiencing different curricular presentations of essentially the same syllabus. The results from three measurement points are reported following each cohort through their first half of the BSc (Honours) Physiotherapy Course, Cardiff. At intake both cohorts preferred a concrete, fact-based learning environment, which was teacher structured. Over time, the cohorts responded significantly differently to their curricula in respect of the student-structured learning preference (LP) variable (p < 0.05), and displayed trends (p < 0.1) towards response difference for the concrete, interpersonal and individual LP variables. Cohort differences are discussed in terms of the planned curriculum changes made during the intervening revalidation exercise. It is suggested that curricula mould students' learning profile development. The impact of this statement on future curriculum development is discussed and educational research-in-action promoted. PMID:12098455

Kell, Clare; Van Deursen, Robert

2002-01-01

68

Artistic Representation: Promoting Student Creativity and Self-Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors conducted a qualitative study on the use of artistic representation to promote students' creativity and enhance their ability to self-reflect. The researchers used self-reflection articles about artistic representation and responses to a questionnaire at the end of the semester. Three overarching themes, as seen through the lens of the…

Autry, Linda L.; Walker, Mary E.

2011-01-01

69

White Students Reflecting on Whiteness: Understanding Emotional Responses  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present investigation, we explored potential predictors of White students' general emotional responses after they reflected on their Whiteness in a semistructured interview (n = 88) or written reflection (n = 187). Specifically, we examined how color-blindness (i.e., awareness of White privilege) and racial affect (i.e., White empathy, White guilt, and White fear), assessed before the interview or written

Nathan R. Todd; Lisa B. Spanierman; Mark S. Aber

2010-01-01

70

Acting on Reflection: the Effect of Reflection on Students' Clinical Performance on a Standardized Patient Examination  

PubMed Central

Background Little evidence exists to support the value of reflection in the clinical setting. Objective To determine whether reflecting and revisiting the “patient” during a standardized patient (SP) examination improves junior medical students’ performance and to analyze students’ perceptions of its value. Design Students completed a six-encounter clinical skills examination, writing a guided assessment after each encounter to trigger reflection. SPs evaluated the students with Medical Skills and Patient Satisfaction checklists. During the last three encounters, students could opt to revisit the SP and be reevaluated with identical checklists. Participants One hundred and forty-nine third year medical students. Measurements Changes in scores in the Medical Skills and Patient Satisfaction checklists between first visit and revisit were tested separately per case as well as across cases. Results On the medical skills and patient satisfaction checklists, mean revisit scores across cases were significantly higher than mean first visit scores [12.6 vs 12.2 (pooled SD?=?2.4), P?=?.0001; 31.2 vs 31.0 (pooled SD?=?3.5), P?=?.0001)]. Sixty-five percent of the time, students rated “reflect–revisit” positively, 34% neutrally, and 0.4% negatively. Five themes were identified in the positive comments: enhancement of (1) medical decision making, (2) patient education/counseling, (3) student satisfaction/confidence, (4) patient satisfaction/confidence, and (5) clinical realism. Conclusions Offering third year medical students the option to reflect and revisit an SP during a clinical skills examination produced a small but nontrivial increase in clinical performance. Students perceived the reflect–revisit experience as enhancing patient-centered practices (counseling, education) as well as their own medical decision making and clinical confidence.

Plack, Margaret; Maring, Joyce; Mintz, Matthew; Simmens, Samuel J.

2007-01-01

71

Developing a Student-Centered Approach to Reflective Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a student-centered approach to reflective learning through a partnership between disciplinary-based academic staff and educational development staff members in a postgraduate Environmental Engineering Postgraduate Diploma/MSc program at the University of Strathclyde. Students were encouraged to maintain project management logbooks to…

Stefani, Lorraine A. J.; Clarke, Joe; Littlejohn, Allison H.

2000-01-01

72

Using guided reflection to reduce test anxiety in nursing students.  

PubMed

Test anxiety is a phenomenon that can affect as many as 40% of students. Many nursing students are under great stress from long hours of study, a rigorous curriculum, and balancing work and family life. These stressors can lead to anxiety in many areas of the student's life, most notably in situations where he or she is being evaluated. This article will aim to discuss how the use of guided reflection can help the student actualize his or her feelings about test anxiety by using Johns's Model for Structured Reflection. By using cues from the model and structure provided by a guide, the student will partake in a journey to gain insight about oneself and discover ways to decrease test anxiety that can be incorporated into the student's holistic self-care plan. PMID:21262774

Beggs, Caitlin; Shields, Deborah; Janiszewski Goodin, Heather

2011-01-24

73

The Support of Student Articulation of Reasoning, Student Reflection and Tutor Feedback  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning theory suggests that student learning can be improved if students are required to articulate and reflect about work that they have done. This process helps students think more clearly about their work and such articulation also enables tutors to better assess student knowledge and mental models. There are various electronic tools…

Garner, Stuart

2007-01-01

74

Response to Grace's Reflections on Allen and West's Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the authors' response to the Comment by Gerald Grace on their paper "Religious schools in London: school admissions, religious composition and selectivity". The Comment is a useful contribution to the academic and policy debates about religious schools and the role that empirical research can play. The authors are encouraged…

Allen, Rebecca; West, Anne

2009-01-01

75

Atmospheric sciences students present papers, get career tips  

Microsoft Academic Search

At AGU's Spring Meeting the Atmospheric Sciences Section hosted a series of special sessions to highlight student research and provide advice and information about securing successful careers in the geosciences. Eighteen graduate students presented papers and posters covering field, laboratory, and modeling efforts. Subject areas included aerosol chemistry, morphology, physics, sources and transport of atmospheric species, and issues relating to

Jane M. Van Doren

1998-01-01

76

White Students Reflecting on Whiteness: Understanding Emotional Responses.  

PubMed

In the present investigation, the authors explored potential predictors of White students' general emotional responses after they reflected on their Whiteness in a semi-structured interview (n = 88) or written reflection (n = 187). Specifically, the authors examined how color-blindness (i.e., awareness of White privilege) and racial affect (i.e., White empathy, White guilt, and White fear), assessed before the interview or written reflection, may predict positive and negative emotional responses, assessed immediately following the interview or written reflection. Furthermore, the authors considered whether affective costs of racism to Whites moderated the association between racial color-blindness and general positive and negative emotional responses of White students. Findings indicated that affective costs of racism moderated associations between racial color-blindness and general emotional responses. Specifically, White fear moderated associations for the written reflection group whereas White empathy moderated an association in the interview. White guilt did not moderate, but instead directly predicted a negative emotional response in the written reflection group. Findings suggest that the interaction between racial color-blindness and racial affect is important when predicting students' emotional responses to reflecting on their Whiteness. Implications for educators and administrators are discussed. PMID:20657811

Todd, Nathan R; Spanierman, Lisa B; Aber, Mark S

2010-06-01

77

Integrating Mindfulness and Reflection in the Teaching and Learning of Listening Skills for Undergraduate Social Work Students in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper illustrates how mindfulness and reflection exercises can be integrated into the teaching and learning of active listening skills, an integral component of relationship skills training. This pedagogy was first trialled on a small cohort of 15 students and the improved version was applied with a second cohort of 53 students. Through the mindfulness and reflection exercises which were

Esther C. L. Goh

2011-01-01

78

Unlocking reflective practice for nurses: innovations in working with master of nursing students in Hong Kong.  

PubMed

Being reflective is well established as an important conduit of practice development, a desirable tertiary graduate quality and a core competency of health professional membership. By assisting students to be more effective in their ability to reflect, they are better able to formulate strategies to manage issues experienced within a professional context, which ultimately assists them to be better service providers. However, some students are challenged by the practice of reflection and these challenges are even more notable for international students. This paper presents a teaching initiative that focused specifically on enhancing the capacity of an international cohort of nursing students, to engage in reflective practice. The initiative centered on an evaluation of a reflective practice core subject, which was taught in a Master of Nursing programme delivered in Hong Kong. A learning-centered framework was used to evaluate the subject and identify innovative strategies that would better assist international students to develop reflective practices. The outcomes of curriculum and teaching analysis and proposed changes and innovations in teaching practice to support international students are presented and discussed. PMID:23232086

Joyce-McCoach, Joanne T; Parrish, Dominique R; Andersen, Patrea R; Wall, Natalie

2012-12-08

79

Student Satisfaction and Student Success in the University System of Georgia. AIR 1999 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents findings of a study which analyzed the relationship between student satisfaction and indicators of student success in the 34 institutions of the University System of Georgia (USG). A student satisfaction survey was administered to about 26,000 undergraduates and the results were merged with the system's student information…

Walker-Marshall, Albertine; Hudson, Cathie Mayes

80

Reflective Practice Enriches Clerkship Students’ Cross-Cultural Experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIM  To describe a curriculum incorporating written reflection followed by reflective discussion with the goal of enhancing students’\\u000a recognition and handling of cross-cultural and health disparity issues in different healthcare delivery settings.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a PROGRAM AND SETTING  This required curriculum was implemented within a 4-week family medicine clerkship (n?=?188 students, 6 to 12 per rotation) in 23 successive rotations over 2 years. Electronic submission of

Desiree Lie; Johanna Shapiro; Felicia Cohn; Wadie Najm

2010-01-01

81

Greek Theatre: A Reflection of Ancient Greek Society (A Program Alternative for High School Gifted Students). Programs for Gifted Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of instructional units designed for gifted students, the paper describes a high school curriculum that examines the Greek theatre as a reflection of Greek society. The unit is designed to provide academic substance while developing higher level critical thinking skills. Following a brief introduction on the integration of theatre…

Girard, M. Phyllis

82

Paper Towers: Building students' understandings of technological design  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"What do you think the National Science Education Standards are referring to when they talk about science and technology ?" The authors posed this question to a group of undergraduate education majors during a science teaching methods course. The students' somewhat myopic notions of technology provided the perfect segue to introduce the activity, Paper Towers, which can be used in the middle school science classroom to help students develop their understandings of technological design.

Minogue, James; Guentensberger, Todd

2006-11-01

83

Atmospheric sciences students present papers, get career tips  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At AGU's Spring Meeting the Atmospheric Sciences Section hosted a series of special sessions to highlight student research and provide advice and information about securing successful careers in the geosciences. Eighteen graduate students presented papers and posters covering field, laboratory, and modeling efforts. Subject areas included aerosol chemistry, morphology, physics, sources and transport of atmospheric species, and issues relating to regional and global climate. The panel discussion on successfulcareers drew a wide audience, from students to accomplished researchers. Topics discussed included postdoctoral positions job applications, research funding proposals, and time management.

Van Doren, Jane M.

84

Postmodern Influence in Family Therapy Research: Reflections of Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Postmodernism has influenced family therapy in significant ways, from clinical work to family therapy research. Little has been written, however, on how to conduct postmodern research in a manner reflecting marriage and family therapy inquiries. The present study seeks to investigate doctoral students understanding of postmodern family therapy…

Hertlein, Katherine M.; Lambert-Shute, Jennifer; Benson, Kristen

2004-01-01

85

Reflected Skills of the Science Student Teachers in Teaching Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to determine the level of opportunities given to science student teachers by practice schools in order to reflect their skills they acquired through curricula in their faculty. This study has been carried out by using case study approach. As the first step, the curricula of the teaching professional courses offered in…

Karamustafaoglu, Orhan

2008-01-01

86

Reflections on Introducing Students to Multicultural Populations and Diversity Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article is to identify factors the author feels facilitate learning in introductory courses focused on multicultural populations and related issues. These are reflections based on observations of patterns over a number of years, in a variety of teaching settings and structures, and with a very diverse body of students, and include the characteristics and behavior of

Diane de Anda

2007-01-01

87

Dental students' reflections on their experiences with a diverse patient population.  

PubMed

Recent developments, including national reports and new accreditation standards, have emphasized the need for dental students to be prepared to address the needs of a diverse patient population. The purpose of this study was to explore students' descriptions of and reflections on their day-to-day interactions with a diverse patient population in the clinical setting, using a qualitative approach. All dental students (sixty-six) enrolled in the third year of the D.M.D. program at a Midwestern dental school were required to write a paper reflecting on their experiences working with a diverse patient population in the general dental clinic of the school as part of a behavioral sciences course. All third-year dental students were invited to participate in the study. The students' papers were deidentified prior to data analysis. Forty-two students' papers describing a total of 126 patient-student interactions were reviewed. Data analysis resulted in identification of three key themes: 1) development of cultural awareness and recognition of the need to understand each patient as a unique individual, 2) desire to build rapport with all patients, and 3) realization that the development of cultural competence is a lifelong learning process requiring ongoing experiences working with a diverse patient population. Review of student reflection papers is valuable in providing faculty with an understanding of students' degree of development of cultural competence. A greater understanding of students' day-to-day experiences with a diverse patient population can provide insights for dental educators who develop cultural competence curricula. PMID:23929567

Victoroff, Kristin Zakariasen; Williams, Kristin A; Lalumandier, James

2013-08-01

88

Developing Reflective Practice in Student Teachers: Collaboration and Critical Partnerships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers ways in which trainee teachers can be helped to develop their ability to engage in reflection on their practice. The context for the research is a Block School Experience developed by tutors in the School of Education and Lifelong Learning at the University of Sunderland. An exploration of the nature of reflective practice…

Parsons, Margaret; Stephenson, Maggie

2005-01-01

89

Reflections on clinical practice by first-year dental students: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

During the first and second year of the dental curriculum, students have little time to process and learn the didactic material in a meaningful way because of the large number of required courses in the curriculum. If an outcome of dental education is to promote critical thinking, however, methods need to be explored to encourage this process in dental students throughout the curriculum. Reflecting on experience is the way learners "make meaning" out of the information they acquire, and "making meaning" is an integral component in the development of critical thinking. The purpose of this pilot study was to explore how reflection on clinical experiences may facilitate the development of critical thinking in first-year dental students as well as assist them in integrating their didactic coursework with clinical care. I used Luborsky's thematic analysis to analyze semi-structured interviews, clinical observations, and written reflection papers from dental students. The major themes identified from the data were: 1) connections between didactic material and the clinical experience, 2) the students' vision of their future role as dentists, and 3) the nature of the dentist-patient interaction. The data further suggest a process of reflective thinking that begins with students' questioning assumptions about their prior experience and knowledge that leads them to look at things in a new way and ultimately to recognize the need to take some action to provide care to the patient. The findings suggest that encouraging students to keep a clinic journal or write reflection papers about their experience may be a way to enhance student learning and is an area that deserves further research. PMID:12117092

Boyd, Linda D

2002-06-01

90

Compendium: Graduate student papers on advanced surface transportation systems, 1998  

SciTech Connect

This document is the culmination of the eighth offering of an innovative transportation engineering graduate course at Texas A and M University entitled, Advanced Surface Transportation Systems. The eighth offering of the course was presented during the summer 1998 term. As part of the course, a mentors program provides students with unique learning experiences. Six top-level transportation professionals from private enterprise and departments of transportation, who are leaders in their field and who have extensive experience with intelligent transportation systems, were invited to Texas A and M University to present a 1 1/2-day symposium on advanced surface transportation systems at the beginning of the summer term. Immediately following the symposium, the students enrolled in the course participated in a forum and a workshop with the transportation professionals and course instructor. Each students had discussions with the transportation professionals and the course instructor to identify a topic area for a term paper. Based on mutual interests, each student was assigned to one of the professionals who served as a mentor (along with the course instructor) for the remainder of the summer term. Each student worked with his/her mentor and course instructor to identify a topic area and objectives for a term paper. In addition to discussions with the course instructor, the students (communicating via telephone, fax, e-mail, and mail) worked directly with the mentors throughout the term while preparing their term papers. The mentors returned to the Texas A and M University campus near the end of the summer term to hear and critique the students` presentations.

NONE

1998-08-01

91

Student reflections of Sport Education in one urban Australian primary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores a Sport Education pilot project as a case study of the approach in a primary school setting. The data was obtained from the end of unit written reflections of a class of upper primary students in an urban Australian primary school. The Sport Education unit of work was implemented by the school's physical education teacher who had

Shane Pill

2010-01-01

92

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Paper 2: A survey of basic life support training for medical students.  

PubMed Central

This paper presents the results of a survey of Basic Life Support (BLS) training, based on experience gained by undergraduate medical students who had just completed their first clinical year (third year) at the University of Glasgow. Data were collected on the amount and quality of BLS training received, along with students' own perceptions of their confidence in providing BLS in a cardiac arrest resuscitation attempt. The results made interesting, but not surprising, reading with only 15% of students appearing to have been adequately taught BLS at any point during their third year. Students want more training and 98% see resuscitation as an important topic in the curriculum. Self-perceived confidence in performing BLS in an acute resuscitation situation is low. With no evidence to suggest that the situation is any different elsewhere in the UK, it is recommended that undergraduate resuscitation training is improved to reflect the importance that medical students attach to it.

Graham, C A; Guest, K A; Scollon, D

1994-01-01

93

ICCE/ICCAI 2000 Full & Short Papers (Student Modeling).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains the following full and short papers on student modeling from ICCE/ICCAI 2000 (International Conference on Computers in Education/International Conference on Computer-Assisted Instruction): (1) "A Computational Model for Learner's Motivation States in Individualized Tutoring System" (Behrouz H. Far and Anete H. Hashimoto);…

2000

94

ICCE/ICCAI 2000 Full & Short Papers (Student Modeling).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the following full and short papers on student modeling from ICCE/ICCAI 2000 (International Conference on Computers in Education/International Conference on Computer-Assisted Instruction): (1) "A Computational Model for Learner's Motivation States in Individualized Tutoring System" (Behrouz H. Far and Anete H. Hashimoto);…

2000

95

Facilitating Student Learning through Contextualization. CCRC Working Paper No. 29  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is a literature review that explores the nature and effectiveness of contextualization as a way to improve outcomes for academically underprepared college students. Two forms of contextualization have been studied: "contextualized" and "integrated" instruction. There is more descriptive work on the contextualization of basic skills…

Perin, Dolores

2011-01-01

96

Teacher Behavior and Student Achievement. Occasional Paper No. 73.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper, prepared as a chapter for the "Handbook of Research on Teaching" (third edition), reviews correlational and experimental research linking teacher behavior to student achievement. It focuses on research done in K-12 classrooms during 1973-83, highlighting several large-scale, programmatic efforts. Attention is drawn to design, sampling,…

Brophy, Jere; Good, Thomas L.

97

Investigating Students' Reflective Thinking in the Introductory Physics Course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past 30 years, physics education research has guided the development of instructional strategies that can significantly enhance students' functional understanding of concepts in introductory physics. Recently, attention has shifted to instructional goals that, while widely shared by teachers of physics, are often more implicit than explicit in our courses. These goals involve the expectations and attitudes that students have about what it means to learn and understand physics, together with the behaviors and actions students think they should engage in to accomplish this learning. Research has shown that these ``hidden'' elements of the curriculum are remarkably resistant to instruction. In fact, traditional physics courses tend to produce movement away from expert-like behaviors. At Western Washington University, we are exploring ways of promoting metacognition, an aspect of the hidden curriculum that involves the conscious monitoring of one's own thinking and learning. We have found that making this reflective thinking an explicit part of the course may not be enough: adequate framing and scaffolding may be necessary for students to meaningfully engage in metacognition. We have thus taken the basic approach of developing metacognition, like conceptual understanding, through guided inquiry. During our teaching experiments, we have collected written and video data, with twin goals of guiding iterative modifications to the instruction as well as contributing to the knowledge base about student metacognition in introductory physics. This talk will provide examples of metacognition activities from course assignments and labs, and will present written data to assess the effectiveness of instruction and to illustrate specific modes of students' reflective thinking.

Boudreaux, Andrew

2010-10-01

98

Highlighting Low-Achieving Students' Performance on their English Learning: Reflecting on Evening Program Students' Voice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose for this study is to attempt to explore appropriate approaches to teach students who are suffering from poor English learning. This paper will examine how low-achieving students made progress on English performance in a month and what their opinions were about attending the intensive course. This summer, I had an opportunity to work with a group of students

Ai-Hwa Chen

99

Analyzing graduate student trends in written paper evaluation.  

PubMed

Writing is valued as an essential skill in nursing education. However, the evaluation of written scholarly work is challenging. Limited nursing literature addressing issues or strategies associated with evaluation exists. The purpose of this study was to describe and evaluate differences that exist in the evaluation of a standardized written paper. The study included a sample of 47 graduate nursing students enrolled in a nursing education course. Participants were asked to grade a mock paper as part of a course assignment; their work was retained for data analysis. Wide variability in scoring and comments on the paper were noted; significantly lower scores were assigned by participants who had experience teaching in academic settings. The majority of written comments made by participants were related to grammar and American Psychological Association formatting or citation problems. Further research is needed to better understand paper evaluation practices of nursing faculty. PMID:18856104

Giddens, Jean Foret; Lobo, Marie

2008-10-01

100

Collaborating to enhance student reasoning: Frances' account of her reflections while teaching chemical equilibrium  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many researchers report that teachers' pedagogies often reflect non-constructivist referents, however less research reports on means of assisting teachers to become more constructivistly oriented. This paper reports on a teacher's changing perceptions during collaborative, two-year interpretive research involving two researchers, herself, and her students. The researchers collaborated with the teacher to promote students' theory-evidence coordination and use of word explanations, with an emphasis on developing and critiquing chemical equilibrium theory using experimental data. As the collaboration proceeded the teacher's beliefs and practice became increasingly focussed on students' reasoning and their discussion of ideas related to experimental data. The teacher reported benefits for herself and for her students as a consequence of this change. Key factors in relation to this change included researchers' modelling of target practices, and changes in the teacher's (a) perception of her students' abilities, (b) beliefs in relation to constructivism, and (c) understanding of chemistry concepts.

Thomas, Gregory P.; McRobbie, Campbell J.

2002-04-01

101

An Exploration for a Critical Practicum Pedagogy: Dialogical Relationships and Reflections among a Group of Student Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student teachers' potential to change and reflect on their activities can be positively influenced by the opportunities created in teacher education programs. This paper explores an educative opportunity with the researcher and his practicum advisees by facilitating a continuum of reflective school-based activities through a dialogical…

Tessema, Kedir Assefa

2008-01-01

102

Students' Self-Evaluation and Reflection (Part 1): "Measurement"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The objective of the paper is the development and validation of scales to assess reflective learning. Design/methodology/approach: The research is based on a literature review plus in-classroom experience. For the scale validation process, exploratory and confirmatory analyses were conducted, following proposals made by Anderson and…

Cambra-Fierro, Jesus; Cambra-Berdun, Jesus

2007-01-01

103

Online Reflective Group Discussion--Connecting First Year Undergraduate Students with Their Third Year Peers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University professional programs seek to develop students as reflective practitioners. The ability to critically reflect is often assumed to occur along the way. The explicit development of critical reflective skills among students is challenging. This study describes the utilization of online group discussion for critical reflection and provides…

Tsang, Annetta K. L.

2011-01-01

104

Guided reflective journals depict a correlation to the academic success of nursing students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reflective guided journal assignments can be correlated to the academic success of nursing students in the clinical area through the evaluation of the student's level of reflective writing. The student's journal recordings can be compared with their course grades and course completion rates. Students are encouraged to better prepare themselves for the clinical area and to self-direct their learning experiences,

Valerie Taylor-Haslip

2010-01-01

105

C&EN : A Good Resource for Student Papers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In chemistry courses for non-science majors, it is common practice to assign a paper. Papers encourage students to learn on their own and are very instructive if the topics are chosen carefully. An assignment I have used for a number of years seems to work well and is based on the weekly news magazine of the American Chemical Society, Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN). ACS members who read C&EN regularly know that each issue contains a wealth of information of importance to the chemical profession and often features an in-depth report on a topic of pure or applied chemistry that is accessible to nonspecialists. Nearly every issue reports, briefly or sometimes in depth, on some aspect of environmental chemistry, for example. This is pertinent to the course for non-science majors, Perspectives in Environmental Chemistry, that I teach at Lewis & Clark. Currently, Chemistry in Context (1) serves well as the textbook.

Williams, Evan T.

1997-04-01

106

Student reflections on choosing to study science post-16  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The research recounted in this paper was designed primarily to attempt to understand the reasons for the low uptake of the natural sciences beyond compulsory education in England. This has caused widespread concern within governmental quarters, university science departments and the scientific community as a whole. This research explored the problem from the position of the students who recently made their choices. The student voices were heard through a series of interviews which highlighted the complexities of the process of post-16 choice. Social theories of pedagogy and identity, such as those of Basil Bernstein, were used in an analysis of the interview texts. Dominant themes used by the students in rationalising their post-16 subject choice related to their past pedagogical experiences, school discourses of differentiation and the students' notions of their future educational and occupational pathways. This study provides no simple solutions but highlights the importance of student voice to our understandings of what influences subject choice at this critical post-16 stage.

Pike, Angela G.; Dunne, Máiréad

2011-06-01

107

Topography and reflectance analysis of paper surfaces using a photometric stereo method  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a fast photometric stereo method, useful for the determination of surface-topography and reflectance. First we show how the irradiance in two images of a surface, illuminated from the left and right, respectively, can be used to determine the inclination of the surface elements. This requires a model for the light scattering properties of the surface. The model

Peter Hansson; Per-Ake Johansson

2000-01-01

108

A Qualitative Experiment to Analyze Microbial Activity in Topsoil Using Paper and a Handmade Reflection Photometer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes a novel, hands-on method to qualitatively determine the extent of microbial activity in topsoil using ordinary blank paper. Appropriate and scalable for the high school and college level, these experiments expose students to some of the challenges facing environmental researchers and also contribute to curriculum…

Agbeko, Julius Kofi; Kita, Masakazu

2007-01-01

109

Using video-cases to assess student reflection: Development and validation of an instrument  

PubMed Central

Background Reflection is a meta-cognitive process, characterized by: 1. Awareness of self and the situation; 2. Critical analysis and understanding of both self and the situation; 3. Development of new perspectives to inform future actions. Assessors can only access reflections indirectly through learners’ verbal and/or written expressions. Being privy to the situation that triggered reflection could place reflective materials into context. Video-cases make that possible and, coupled with a scoring rubric, offer a reliable way of assessing reflection. Methods Fourth and fifth year undergraduate medical students were shown two interactive video-cases and asked to reflect on this experience, guided by six standard questions. The quality of studentsreflections were scored using a specially developed Student Assessment of Reflection Scoring rubric (StARS®). Reflection scores were analyzed concerning interrater reliability and ability to discriminate between students. Further, the intra-rater reliability and case specificity were estimated by means of a generalizability study with rating and case scenario as facets. Results Reflection scores of 270 students ranged widely and interrater reliability was acceptable (Krippendorff’s alpha?=?0.88). The generalizability study suggested 3 or 4 cases were needed to obtain reliable ratings from 4th year students and???6 cases from 5th year students. Conclusion Use of StARS® to assess student reflections triggered by standardized video-cases had acceptable discriminative ability and reliability. We offer this practical method for assessing reflection summatively, and providing formative feedback in training situations.

2012-01-01

110

The interpretive project: a creative educational approach to fostering medical studentsreflections and advancing humanistic medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are emerging links between reflection and humanistic, patient?centered practice. We created the Family Centered Experience (FCE) to help students understand the experience of illness from the patient’s perspective. The FCE centers on studentsreflections of their conversations with their volunteer patients and families – these conversations and reflections are at the core of small group activities. The FCE Interpretive

Casey B. White; Rachel L. Perlman; Joseph C. Fantone; Arno K. Kumagai

2010-01-01

111

Effects of Reflective Thinking in the Process of Designing Software on Students' Learning Performances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of reflective thinking effects in the process of designing software on students' learning performances. The study contends that reflective thinking is a useful teaching strategy to improve learning performance among lower achieving students. Participants were students from two groups: Higher…

Hsieh, Pei-Hsuan; Chen, Nian-Shing

2012-01-01

112

Why We Lead: Reflections of Female Student Government Presidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Student involvement is encouraged at contemporary colleges and universities. Involvement in student organizations can assist with academic and social integration, as well as retention. One way for students to become involved is through student government associations. As student government members, students participate in the governance process…

Miles, Jennifer M.

2010-01-01

113

Connections: A Comprehensive Student Portal. Concept Paper and Proposal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A student Web portal is a personalized, student-centric view of College Web resources. The "Artemis" system at Florida Community College at Jacksonville (FCCJ), represents movement toward realization of the efficiencies and student service possibilities of a Web portal. This proposal recommends a radical expansion of Artemis functions, one that…

Harr, Gary Lynn

114

General Educational Characteristics of Independent Students. Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was designed to determine some of the educational characteristics associated with the construction of the independent student. Toward this end, 35 grade eleven teachers in an innovative school system were requested to supply the names of five independent, self-directed students and five not-independent, not-self-directed students. A…

Marshall, Jon C.; Sokol, Alvin P.

115

Reflective Thinking and Journal Writing: Examining Student Teachers' Perceptions of Preferred Reflective Modality, Journal Writing Outcomes, and Journal Structure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Journal writing is generally required of student teachers; however, there is a void in career and technical education research regarding this activity. The purpose of this study was to examine student teachers' journal writing experiences to obtain insight into the process of developing reflective practitioners. The study drew on the work of Dewey…

Greiman, Bradley C.; Covington, Holly K.

2007-01-01

116

Reflective Redo within a Three-Dimensional Simulation and Its Influence on Student Metacognition, Reflection, and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The objective of this study was to investigate the effects on a student's metacognition, reflection, and learning in a specifically designed educational simulation supported by unique technology. The simulation allows players' actions to be recorded for the purpose of review to identify mistakes. The simulation also allows students to start at…

Scoresby, Jon M.

2011-01-01

117

Examining integrative thinking through the transformation of students' written reflections into concept webs.  

PubMed

A shift is currently taking place in which explicit connections between content are being emphasized. Biology is not an isolated discipline, yet undergraduate courses frequently focus on discrete knowledge. Students often engage in rote learning, struggle with transforming and applying content. Integrative thinking occurs when students recognize connections to content. Written reflections provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate this thinking. We transformed student-written reflections into concept webs to gain insights into how students connect biological concepts. We were interested in determining if characteristics of integrative thinking develop through reflections. The results indicate a significant relationship between concepts and integrated relationships. Integrative thinking varied but declined overall. Concept webs allow for an examination of student integrative thinking through the transformation of reflection and provide insights into the connections and relationships that students draw between biological concepts. Reflections can transform learning by facilitating and allowing for the evaluation of integrative thinking. PMID:23209012

Ziegler, Brittany; Montplaisir, Lisa

2012-12-01

118

Examining integrative thinking through the transformation of students' written reflections into concept webs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A shift is currently taking place in which explicit connections between content are being emphasized. Biology is not an isolated discipline, yet undergraduate courses frequently focus on discrete knowledge. Students often engage in rote learning, struggle with transforming and applying content. Integrative thinking occurs when students recognize connections to content. Written reflections provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate this thinking. We transformed student-written reflections into concept webs to gain insights into how students connect biological concepts. We were interested in determining if characteristics of integrative thinking develop through reflections. The results indicate a significant relationship between concepts and integrated relationships. Integrative thinking varied but declined overall. Concept webs allow for an examination of student integrative thinking through the transformation of reflection and provide insights into the connections and relationships that students draw between biological concepts. Reflections can transform learning by facilitating and allowing for the evaluation of integrative thinking.

Brittany Ziegler (Minnesota State University)

2012-12-01

119

Active learning: a resident's reflection on the impact of a student-centred curriculum  

PubMed Central

Classic medical education pedagogy typically involves the model of an active teacher and a passive student. There has been a shift in education theory to a more student-centred approach, and this is being reflected in resident education. Concepts, such as “competencies,” “curricula” and “objectives,” are becoming part of the fabric of the residency training equation. The University of British Columbia Department of Urologic Sciences had previously created a urology residency curriculum for its 15 residents in 2000. This curriculum was based on competencies and objectives outlined by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. In an attempt to address a required change in the formal curriculum, an “accidental” student-centred curriculum emerged. This paper outlines this active learning approach, its benefits and challenges in implementation.

Mickelson, Jennie J.; Kaplan, William E.; MacNeily, Andrew E.

2009-01-01

120

Reflecting on Service: Helping Nursing Students Get the Most from Service-Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents tools to assist students with reflection on service learning: Kolb's experiential learning cycle, role playing, journal writing, and a map for planning reflection activities before, during, and after service. (SK)|

Eyler, Janet

2002-01-01

121

Reflecting on Service: Helping Nursing Students Get the Most from Service-Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents tools to assist students with reflection on service learning: Kolb's experiential learning cycle, role playing, journal writing, and a map for planning reflection activities before, during, and after service. (SK)

Eyler, Janet

2002-01-01

122

Teaching, Reflecting, and Writing from the Heart: High School Students Learn about and from Preschoolers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Effective teacher educators reflect and upon reflection, make important changes to lessons, units, and instructional strategies. But have they ever considered the importance reflection has for students or what bearing "their" reflections have on them as their teachers? During the first six weeks of the (introductory) Child Development and…

Wolff, Ann Lesser

2012-01-01

123

Teaching, Reflecting, and Writing from the Heart: High School Students Learn about and from Preschoolers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective teacher educators reflect and upon reflection, make important changes to lessons, units, and instructional strategies. But have they ever considered the importance reflection has for students or what bearing "their" reflections have on them as their teachers? During the first six weeks of the (introductory) Child Development and…

Wolff, Ann Lesser

2012-01-01

124

USING AN ONLINE DATABASE SEARCHING TUTORIAL TO ENCOURAGE REFLECTION ON THE RESEARCH PROCESS BY UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2003, Education Liaison Librarians designed and implemented an online database searching tutorial for students in a core third year Queensland University of Technology Bachelor of Education undergraduate unit. This was intended to promote reflection on the scholarly research process in undergraduate students. Impetus for the tutorial came from academic staff, librarians and student feedback. This indicated that students experienced

Joanna Logan

125

Recapitulating the History of Sickle-Cell Anemia Research: Improving Students' NOS Views Explicitly and Reflectively  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper provides an argument in favor of a specific pedagogical method of using the history of science to help students develop more informed views about nature of science (NOS) issues. The paper describes a series of lesson plans devoted to encouraging students to engage, unbeknownst to them, in similar reasoning that led scientists to understand sickle-cell anemia from the perspective of multiple subdisciplines in biology. Students pursue their understanding of a "mystery disease"; by means of a series of open-ended problems that invite them to discuss it from the perspective of anatomy, physiology, ecology, evolution, and molecular and cell biology. Throughout this unit, instructors incorporate techniques that invite students to explicitly and reflectively discuss various NOS issues with reference to this example and more generally. It is argued on the grounds of constructivist tenets that this pedagogy has substantial advantages over more implicit approaches. The findings of an empirical study using an open-ended survey and follow-up, semi-structured interviews to assess students' pre- and post-instruction NOS conceptions support the efficacy of this approach.

Howe, Eric Michael; Wÿss Rudge, David

126

Teacher Training, Teacher Quality, and Student Achievement. Working Paper 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We study the effects of various types of education and training on the ability of teachers to promote student achievement. Previous studies on the subject have been hampered by inadequate measures of teacher training and difficulties addressing the non-random selection of teachers to students and of teachers to training. We address these issues…

Harris, Douglas N.; Sass, Tim R.

2007-01-01

127

Accreditation and Student Consumer Protection. An Occasional Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The role of postsecondary accreditation and its relation to student consumer protection are discussed in this monograph. The importance of this concept is examined in light of increased marketing efforts on the part of higher education institutions. It is emphasized that students are consumers and their rights should be protected. Possible areas…

Jung, Steven M.

128

College physics students' epistemological self-reflection and its relationship to conceptual learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students should develop self-reflection skills and appropriate views about knowledge and learning, both for their own sake and because these skills and views may be related to improvements in conceptual understanding. We explored the latter issue in the context of an introductory physics course for first-year engineering honors students. As part of the course, students submitted weekly reports, in which they reflected on how they learned specific physics content. The reports by 12 students were analyzed for the quality of reflection and some of the epistemological beliefs they exhibited. Students' conceptual learning gains were measured with standard survey instruments. We found that students with high conceptual gains tend to show reflection on learning that is more articulate and epistemologically sophisticated than students with lower conceptual gains. Some implications for instruction are suggested.

May, David; Etkina, Eugenia

2005-11-02

129

Using Guided Reflection to Reduce Test Anxiety in Nursing Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Test anxiety is a phenomenon that can affect as many as 40% of students. Many nursing students are under great stress from long hours of study, a rigorous curriculum, and balancing work and family life. These stressors can lead to anxiety in many areas of the student’s life, most notably in situations where he or she is being evaluated. This

Caitlin Beggs; Deborah Shields; Heather Janiszewski Goodin

2011-01-01

130

Motivating Weak Students: A Critical Discussion and Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The motivation of students is regarded as one of the problems in the higher education. One of the reasons for the increasing number of students with low-level of motivation is that there are many students enrolling in universities without adequate level of preparation. Consequently, because of complex material delivered to students and their low…

Ganah, A.

2012-01-01

131

Teaching reflection to nursing students: a qualitative study in an Irish context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching nursing students to reflect on their practice is now officially considered an essential component of nursing education in a number of countries. The aim of this study was to explore nurse teachers’ perceptions and experiences of using reflection with diploma nursing students in an Irish context. One of the central themes to emerge, upon which this article is based,

Aideen O’Connor; Abbey Hyde

2005-01-01

132

"Teaching Ms. Kerbin": A Unique Approach to Student Teacher Reflections and Their Use with Preservice Candidates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines a unique approach and a new tradition to encouraging student teacher reflection over time. The concept is based on a collection of vignettes titled "Teaching Ms. Kerbin", which represent the collective reflections of a group of three student teachers. Seven major points of concern are addressed: (1) the first day, (2)…

Kuechle, Jennifer; Holzhauer, Maike; Lin, Ruey; Brulle, Andrew; Morrison, Sally

2010-01-01

133

Students' Reflection on Online Self-Correction and Peer Review to Improve Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflection is considered as a mental process of an individual's internal problem-solving activity and rarely observed in face-to-face instruction. As a consequence, students have few opportunities to observe and learn from each other. This study aimed to arouse students' reflection on both self-correction (one's own problem-solving process in…

Yang, Yu-Fen

2010-01-01

134

Lights, Camera, Action: Facilitating PETE Students' Reflection through Film  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Preparing teacher candidates to be reflective professionals is a critical component of physical education teacher education programs. Although many specific strategies have been developed to facilitate post-lesson reflection, strategies for reflecting on future work and professional life have not been widely explored. As a way to facilitate…

Lee, Okseon; Ravizza, Dean; Lee, Myung-Ah

2009-01-01

135

Students' Perception of the Role of Reflection in Leadership Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reflection covers both the cognitive process and the broad range of activities that enhance learning resulting from experience. While much of what we know about reflection is rooted in experiential learning, leadership education programs which frame leadership as an experience could benefit from a richer understanding of the role of reflection in…

White, Jillian V.

2012-01-01

136

The use of reflective journals for student learning and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

For three years, undergraduate freshman through senior participants were required to submit a reflective journal each week during a design project. In our first implementation, we found that reflective journals were meaningful as assessment tools because they communicated how the participants learned. We show in this three-year study how subsequent use of reflective journaling leads to intellectual development on the

Francis S. Broadway; Helen K. Qammar; Edward A. Evans; Sandra Spickard-Prettyman

2005-01-01

137

Encouraging Student Reflection and Articulation using a Learning Companion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intelligent tutoring systems (ITS) provide students with individualized instruction and coached practice in an interactive environment that fosters active learning. A different paradigm, also having the potential to significantly improve learning, is collaborative learning. Classroom learning improves significantly when students participate in structured learning activities in small groups of peers. The educational value of student collaboration has led to the

Bradley Goodman; Amy Soller; Frank Linton; Robert Gaimari

1998-01-01

138

Reflections on Teaching Physics to Science and Engineering Foundation Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Science and Engineering Foundation Programme at Loughborough University has been running since October 1991. It has a heterogeneous intake of approximately 100 students. The author is responsible for the physics input to the Programme. This provides 25% of the Programme for almost all the students. The varied educational profile of students entering this course necessitated a radical rethink of

Mary Stewart

1996-01-01

139

Aligning Student, Parent, and Teacher Incentives: Evidence from Houston Public Schools. NBER Working Paper No. 17752  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes an experiment designed to investigate the impact of aligning student, parent, and teacher incentives on student achievement. On outcomes for which incentives were provided, there were large treatment effects. Students in treatment schools mastered more than one standard deviation more math objectives than control students,…

Fryer, Roland, Jr.

2012-01-01

140

The Quality of Reflection in Student Journals: A Review of Limiting and Enabling Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although reflective journals are widely used across many disciplines in higher education, the research that examines their use presents an unclear picture of the quality of reflection found in them. Some research reveals that student journals contain primarily deeply reflective entries. Yet other research presents a less optimistic perspective,…

Dyment, Janet E.; O'Connell, Timothy S.

2010-01-01

141

Reflections on Clinical Learning in Novice Speech-Language Therapy Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Reflective practice is reported to enhance clinical reasoning and therefore to maximize client outcomes. The inclusion of targeted reflective practice in academic programmes in speech-language therapy has not been consistent, although providing opportunities for speech-language therapy students to reflect during their clinical…

Hill, Anne E.; Davidson, Bronwyn J.; Theodoros, Deborah G.

2012-01-01

142

Feeding Forward: Using Feedback to Promote Student Reflection and Learning--A Teaching Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Engaging in reflection is a vital part of learning for university students and its practice should be embedded in course design. Feedback on written work can be used as a vehicle for reflection. Both the gift and receipt of feedback and the habit of reflection require practice and capturing this experiential learning can be achieved in a class…

Quinton, Sarah; Smallbone, Teresa

2010-01-01

143

Difficulties Teachers Report about Students' Reflection: Lessons Learned from Dance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite its relevance to and inclusion in pedagogical practices, reflection is a challenging activity for students in tertiary dance education according to teachers. The aim of the current study was to further explore the challenges encountered in the pedagogical practice of reflection. Data on the difficulties of reflection were collected from…

Leijen, Ali; Lam, Ineke; Wildschut, Liesbeth; Simons, P. Robert-Jan

2009-01-01

144

Improving Student Outcomes: Restoring America's Education Potential. Strategy Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For decades, investments in public education have boosted U.S. productivity and earnings, forged a path out of poverty for many families, helped disadvantaged students narrow the learning gap with their peers, and developed a workforce that continues to be among the most productive and innovative on Earth. More recently, this engine of growth has…

Greenstone, Michael; Looney, Adam; Shevlin, Paige

2011-01-01

145

Identifying High-Ability Disadvantaged Students. Discussion Paper No. 13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a study that explored procedures for identifying high ability children from disadvantaged socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds. The study constituted the initial phase of the 1980 Priority Exceptional Students' Study, conducted by the Education Department of Western Australia. Focusing on primary school children in the Perth…

Deschamp, P.; And Others

146

Academic Success of Suspended Students. AIR 2001 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cohorts of entering freshmen were tracked over time to determine whether the suspension policy at Montana State University (MSU), Bozeman was having the intended effect on academic success, defined as degree completion. The university's current policy requires students to be suspended after receiving grade point averages (GPAs) of lower than 2.00…

Howard, Richard D.; Borland, Ken; Johnson, Cel; Baker, Larry J.

147

Old Age Is a Part of Living: Student Reflections on Intergenerational Service-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analysis of student journals examined the effect intergenerational service-learning had upon undergraduate students' attitudes and perceptions of older adults. Students (N = 102) engaged in 12 hours of service-learning with older adults that included writing structured reflection journals. Coding involved open, axial, and selective coding with…

Kalisch, Hilary R.; Coughlin, Deanna R.; Ballard, Sharon M.; Lamson, Angela

2013-01-01

148

Old Age Is a Part of Living: Student Reflections on Intergenerational Service-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of student journals examined the effect intergenerational service-learning had upon undergraduate students' attitudes and perceptions of older adults. Students (N = 102) engaged in 12 hours of service-learning with older adults that included writing structured reflection journals. Coding involved open, axial, and selective coding with…

Kalisch, Hilary R.; Coughlin, Deanna R.; Ballard, Sharon M.; Lamson, Angela

2013-01-01

149

Do Charter Schools Improve Student Achievement? Evidence from a National Randomized Study. Working Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings from the first national randomized study of the impacts of charter schools on student achievement, which included 36 charter middle schools across 15 states. The paper compares students who applied and were admitted to these schools through randomized admissions lotteries with students who applied and were not…

Clark, Melissa A.; Gleason, Philip; Tuttle, Christina Clark; Silverberg, Marsha K.

2011-01-01

150

Lotteries in Student Assignment: An Equivalence Result. NBER Working Paper No. 16140  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper formally examines two competing methods of conducting a lottery in assigning students to schools, motivated by the design of the centralized high school student assignment system in New York City. The main result of the paper is that a single and multiple lottery mechanism are equivalent for the problem of allocating students to…

Pathak, Parag A.; Sethuraman, Jay

2010-01-01

151

College Student Responses to Web and Paper Surveys: Does Mode Matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the responses of 58,288 college students to 8 scales involving 53 items from the National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE) to gauge whether individuals respond differently to surveys administered via the Web and paper. Multivariate regression analyses indicated that mode effects were generally small. However, students who completed the Web-based survey responded more favorably than paper on all

Robert M. Carini; John C. Hayek; George D. Kuh; John M. Kennedy; Judith A. Ouimet

2003-01-01

152

Influence of community experiences on first-year medical students' reflective writing.  

PubMed

The purpose of this research was to investigate the usefulness of providing students with community-located experiences as a basis for reflection by observing the degree to which community-located experiences influenced the quality of a reflective writing exercise. Students were prepared for reflection by means of a lecture and a handout on the meaning, function and process of reflection. One hundred and twenty-eight students (66 Afrikaans-speaking, and 62 English-speaking) took part in the study. Initially, most students (71%) who revealed affect prior to the visit reported negative emotional states. For 54% of the students who revealed emotions upon arrival, positive emotional states replaced the negative and this increased to 67% as the visit continued. This represented the most important stage of the personal growth continuum, signifying awareness of perspective 'distortions'. The majority (94.3%) regarded the visit as being important prior to immersing themselves in the theory of primary healthcare. In the questionnaire survey, students were asked for their opinions on the value of reflective writing as a tool for promoting deep learning, as students' attitudes were considered an important determinant of increased uptake of this kind of activity. Reflective writing can be promoted through using a real-world experience as stimulus, and a framework for guiding students' thoughts. PMID:16019336

Beylefeld, Adriana A; Nena, Kali D; Prinsloo, Engela A M

2005-03-01

153

Questions Students Ask: What Causes Total Internal Reflection?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a detailed, non-mathematical analysis of total internal reflection based on the interaction of light and matter and the principle of superposition. Discusses factors affecting the critical angle and the percent of the incident beam that is refracted and reflected. (JM)

Giancoli, Douglas

1983-01-01

154

Student LifeIs There Time fobr Reflection?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's students are constantly on the go-studying, attending classes, working, or participating in extracurricular activities. Absent is the time for them to stop and think about what they want from life, and why. By using a simple four-step exercise in the classroom, it's possible to get students thinking about their ambitions and the future. First, by drawing a \\

Cathy A. Enz

1991-01-01

155

Which characteristics of written feedback are perceived as stimulating students' reflective competence: an exploratory study  

PubMed Central

Background Teacher feedback on student reflective writing is recommended to improve learners’ reflective competence. To be able to improve teacher feedback on reflective writing, it is essential to gain insight into which characteristics of written feedback stimulate studentsreflection processes. Therefore, we investigated (1) which characteristics can be distinguished in written feedback comments on reflective writing and (2) which of these characteristics are perceived to stimulate studentsreflection processes. Methods We investigated written feedback comments from forty-three teachers on their studentsreflective essays. In Study 1, twenty-three medical educators grouped the comments into distinct categories. We used Multiple Correspondence Analysis to determine dimensions in the set of comments. In Study 2, another group of twenty-one medical educators individually judged whether the comments stimulated reflection by rating them on a five-point scale. We used t-tests to investigate whether comments classified as stimulating and not stimulating reflection differed in their scores on the dimensions. Results Our results showed that characteristics of written feedback comments can be described in three dimensions: format of the feedback (phrased as statement versus question), focus of the feedback (related to the levels of studentsreflections) and tone of the feedback (positive versus negative). Furthermore, comments phrased as a question and in a positive tone were judged as stimulating reflection more than comments at the opposite side of those dimensions (t?=?(14.5)?=?6.48; p?=?< .001 and t?=?(15)?=??1.80; p?students’ reflective essays should be formulated as a question, positive in tone and tailored to the individual student’s reflective level in order to stimulate students to reflect on a slightly higher level. Further research is needed to examine whether incorporating these characteristics into teacher training helps to improve the quality of written feedback comments on reflective writing.

2013-01-01

156

Exploring Multiple Pathways for Indigenous Students. Discussion Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Australian national task force examined a number of areas related to achieving educational equality for Australia's Indigenous peoples. Young Indigenous Australians are disproportionately represented among young people who do not successfully negotiate the transition from school to independence and employment. This paper focuses on issues of…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs, Carlton South (Australia).

157

Failing Students--Is It Worth the Cost? Issue Paper #3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper analyzes the value of student retention practices, or of flunking students, and presents viable options. Advocates of retention argue that it prevents future academic failure, ensures mastery of the basic skills necessary for success in higher grades, and motivates students. However, others argue that retention is associated with…

Martinez, Barbara; Vandegrift, Judith A.

158

Students' Perception of Value of Interactive Oral Communication as Part of Writing Course Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Every day students are able to discuss complex ideas relatively easily in spontaneous conversation, yet when they attempt to express complex ideas in a written paper, students often experience great difficulty. The features of face-to-face conversation and of written communication differ in a number of respects. This study examines student's…

Krych-Appelbaum, Meredyth; Musial, Joanna

2007-01-01

159

Making the Aural Presentation of Examination Papers Student Friendly: An Alternative to a Reader in Examinations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Where a student can benefit from having an examination paper presented aurally, the traditional method is to provide a reader. This can be socially uncomfortable for students, and offers of readers are frequently declined. A trial is reported in which examinations were presented on an Apple iPod. This is a medium with which many students are…

Makeham, Sheila; Lee, Charles

2012-01-01

160

The Impact of College on White Students' Racial Attitudes. AIR 1993 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current resurgence of racism on America's college campuses suggests that institutions may need to take a more conscious look at how they might be influencing students' racial attitudes. This paper examines: (1) the individual student characteristics and beliefs that influence white students' racial attitudes at college entry; (2) the impact…

Smith, Kris M.

161

Does Sorting Students Improve Scores? An Analysis of Class Composition. NBER Working Paper No. 18848  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines schools' decisions to sort students into different classes and how those sorting processes impact student achievement. There are two potential effects that result from schools creating homogeneous classes--a "tracking effect," which allows teachers to direct their focus to a more narrow range of students, and a peer effect,…

Collins, Courtney A.; Gan, Li

2013-01-01

162

Cramming: The Effects of School Accountability on College-Bound Students. Working Paper 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents the first evidence of the effects of school accountability systems on the long-term human capital development of high-performing, college-bound students. The results are mixed. On the one hand, the evidence is consistent that school accountability sanction threats are associated with changes in student study habits. Students

Donovan, Colleen; Figlio, David; Rush, Mark

2007-01-01

163

Accountability for Students with Disabilities in State and District Assessment Programs. Policy Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief policy paper outlines considerations that school district personnel should address in determining the inclusion of students with disabilities in state and district testing and the use of alternate assessment for certain students with disabilities. It notes that the decision to include or exclude a student from state and district testing…

Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee. Bureau of Instructional Support and Community Services.

164

Teacher Training and Student Achievement in Less Developed Counties. World Bank Staff Working Paper No. 310.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Part 1 of this paper reviews major research findings on the relationship of teacher characteristics to student achievement. Of the 16 teacher variables analyzed, those identified as important to student performance are teacher certification, ability and achievement, experience, inservice training, expectations for students, and methods. Policy…

Husen, Torsten; Saha, Lawrence J.; Noonan, Richard

165

Students' reflection on online self-correction and peer review to improve writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reflection is considered as a mental process of an individual’s internal problem-solving activity and rarely observed in face-to-face instruction. As a consequence, students have few opportunities to observe and learn from each other. This study aimed to arouse studentsreflection on both self-correction (one’s own problem-solving process in writing) and peer review (peers’ problem-solving process in writing) to improve their

Yu-Fen Yang

2010-01-01

166

Research: Reflecting Practice. Papers from the SCUTREA Annual Conference (23rd, Manchester, England, July 6-8, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following papers are included: "Social Classification of Women's Work" (Benn, Burton); "Developing Models of Learning from Experience" (Boud, Walker); "'Research Reflecting Practice?'" (Edwards, Usher); "Metaphors and Their Implications for Research and Practice in Adult and Community Education" (Hunt); "'Common-Sense' Approach to Reflection"…

Miller, Nod, Ed.; Jones, David J., Ed.

167

Teaching Reflective Practice in Practice Settings: Students' Perceptions of Their Clinical Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reflective practice in practice settings can enhance practice knowledge, self-assessment and lifelong learning, develop future practice capability and professional identity, and critically appraise practice traditions rather than reproduce them. The inherent power imbalance between student and educator runs the risk for the reflective practice…

Trede, Franziska; Smith, Megan

2012-01-01

168

The Effect of Specific Feedback on Critical Reflection of Physical Therapy Students during Internships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An essential component of expert professional practice is a practitioner's ability to critically reflect on one's performance. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of specific electronic feedback provided by the coordinator of clinical education on students' critical reflection ability displayed in weekly journal writings during…

Dye, Deanna; Scott, Karen Wilson; Ostrom, Lee; Devine, Nancy; Leight, Jennifer

2011-01-01

169

Exploring the Impact of Faculty Reflection on Weekly Student Evaluations of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This exploratory study considered Larrivee's assessment of teachers' reflective practice levels by using a formative, weekly, online student evaluation of teaching (SET) tool through a virtual learning environment (VLE) as a means to encourage reflective practice. In-depth interviews were conducted with six faculty members in three departments at…

Winchester, Tiffany M.; Winchester, Maxwell

2011-01-01

170

The Portfolio as a Tool for Stimulating Reflection by Student Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a research project that studied the nature of reflection in the portfolios of student teachers: 39 learning portfolios were analysed. Current theories on reflection offered little on which to base a system of categories for analysing the content of the portfolios. Theory on learning activities was used. We found that the…

Mansvelder-Longayroux, Desiree D.; Beijaard, Douwe; Verloop, Nico

2007-01-01

171

Teaching Reflective Practice in Practice Settings: Students' Perceptions of Their Clinical Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflective practice in practice settings can enhance practice knowledge, self-assessment and lifelong learning, develop future practice capability and professional identity, and critically appraise practice traditions rather than reproduce them. The inherent power imbalance between student and educator runs the risk for the reflective practice…

Trede, Franziska; Smith, Megan

2012-01-01

172

Early Childhood Education Students' Reflections: Volunteering after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After the hurricanes, faculty asked the students to help with the relief efforts in different ways. Most students volunteered to work in shelters directly with individual or groups of children, youths, and adults. After their experiences, they wrote brief reflections about what they had done. Their comments show that they developed a better…

Buchanan, Teresa K.; Benedict, Joan

2007-01-01

173

Concept Maps of Korean EFL Student Teachers' Autobiographical Reflections on Their Professional Identity Formation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study utilizes a concept mapping method to explore the underlying structure and dimensionality of Korean student teachers' autobiographical reflections on their professional identity formation. Participants consist of 90 students enrolled in bachelor's and master's degree programs in English teacher education. The study results imply core…

Lim, Hyun-Woo

2011-01-01

174

The Case for Using Student Voice in Teacher Selection and Recruitment: Reflections from a School Leader  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this piece Peter Kent, headteacher of Lawrence Sheriff School in Rugby in the UK, reflects upon the role of the student voice in selecting and recruiting new teaching staff. Contextualised by some recent unsympathetic reporting in the UK media, Peter explains why for their school community, using the student voice to inform teacher recruitment…

Kent, Peter

2012-01-01

175

Students' Reflections on Implementation of Group Investigation in Korean Secondary Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Student reflective ideas were examined with respect to Group Investigation (GI), which was employed in 11th grade Korean earth science classrooms. A modified GI method was implemented during the course of an action research effort consisting of two yearlong projects. Students' writings, which had been produced twice a year, were analyzed to…

Oh, Phil Seok; Shin, Myeong-Kyeong

2005-01-01

176

A Simple Student Laboratory on Osmotic Flow, Osmotic Pressure, and the Reflection Coefficient.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a laboratory exercise containing a practical series of experiments that novice students can perform within two hours. The exercise provides a confirmation of van't Hoff's law while placing more emphasis on osmotic flow than pressure. Students can determine parameters such as the reflection coefficient which stress the interaction of…

Feher, Joseph J.; Ford, George D.

1995-01-01

177

Helping students learn effective problem solving strategies by reflecting with peers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study how introductory physics students engage in reflection with peers about problem solving. The recitations for an introductory physics course with 200 students were broken into a ``peer reflection'' (PR) group and a traditional group. Each week in recitation, small teams of students in the PR group reflected on selected problems from the homework and discussed why the solutions of some students employed better problem solving strategies than others. The graduate and undergraduate teaching assistants in the PR recitations provided guidance and coaching to help students learn effective problem solving heuristics. In the traditional group recitations students could ask the graduate TA questions about the homework before they took a weekly quiz. The traditional group recitation quiz questions were similar to the homework questions selected for peer reflection in the PR group recitations. As one measure of the impact of this intervention, we investigated how likely students were to draw diagrams to help with problem solving on the final exam with only multiple-choice questions. We found that the PR group drew diagrams on more problems than the traditional group even when there was no explicit reward for doing so. Also, students who drew more diagrams for the multiple-choice questions outperformed those who did not, regardless of which group they were a member.

Mason, Andrew; Singh, Chandralekha

2010-07-01

178

A Simple Student Laboratory on Osmotic Flow, Osmotic Pressure, and the Reflection Coefficient.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a laboratory exercise containing a practical series of experiments that novice students can perform within two hours. The exercise provides a confirmation of van't Hoff's law while placing more emphasis on osmotic flow than pressure. Students can determine parameters such as the reflection coefficient which stress the interaction of both…

Feher, Joseph J.; Ford, George D.

1995-01-01

179

Internet Based Reflective Learning for Cooperative Education Students during Co-op Work Periods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Engineering students accessed assignments during cooperative education work placements via a website and interacted with faculty and students via e-mail or conferencing software. A virtual reflection seminar was conducted throughout the work term rather than afterward, resulting in greater integration of co-op and academic experiences. (SK)|

Canale, Richard; Duwart, Ellen

1999-01-01

180

The Relationship between Student Teachers' Reading Instructional Behaviors and Reflective Judgment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study investigated the relationship between student teachers' constructs of how knowledge is generated and organized (their levels of reflective judgment) and actual teaching practices (instructional patterns). Both elementary and secondary level student teachers at one particular field experience center participated. Instructional patterns of…

Smith, Lynn C.; Pape, Sharon L.

181

The Case for Using Student Voice in Teacher Selection and Recruitment: Reflections from a School Leader  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this piece Peter Kent, headteacher of Lawrence Sheriff School in Rugby in the UK, reflects upon the role of the student voice in selecting and recruiting new teaching staff. Contextualised by some recent unsympathetic reporting in the UK media, Peter explains why for their school community, using the student voice to inform teacher recruitment…

Kent, Peter

2012-01-01

182

Student Perceptions of Classroom Environment and Instructors' Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study reports the development of an instrument to assess classroom environment in universities. Using a sample of 665 students from 11 departments of the University of Seville (Spain), an instrument called the Evaluation of University Teaching Activities Questionnaire (E.U.T.A.Q.) was field-tested. The E.U.T.A.Q. consists of 25 items…

Villar, Luis M.; Alegre, Olga M.

2007-01-01

183

Reflective learning through learning journals: Can business students do it?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business students focus on the application of accepted standards and principles to problem- based questions. Th ey often do not have the patience to look at issues from diff erent perspectives. Th ey show impartiality and less thoughtful consideration when working through a learning experience. However, to enable them to learn better and to help them becoming lifelong learners, business

Ho Poh Ling

2005-01-01

184

Becoming an Art Teacher: Storied Reflections of Two Preservice Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This descriptive research focuses on the teaching experiences of two preservice art education interns and the meanings they attributed to their student teaching field experience. Of interest is how these preservice teacher interns have experientially formulated ideas on what it means to be an art teacher and how their traits of altruism, artistic…

Unrath, Kathleen; Kerridge, Daria

2009-01-01

185

Reflective Assessment: Including Students in the Assessment Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last decade alternative assessment strategies have become an important part of the debate regarding the reform and restructuring of American education. The purpose of assessment should be to improve student learning, which means it should be integral to the teaching and learning process. For this to occur, a seamlessness needs to exist between teaching, learning, and assessment through

John B. Bond

186

Reflections on Equity, Adequacy, and Weighted Student Funding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the context of the school finance literature, the concepts of equity and adequacy raise a number of complex definitional and pragmatic issues. The purpose of this article is to clarify those issues and to use those concepts to evaluate the recent policy proposal called weighted student funding (WSF). Though WSF contains some…

Ladd, Helen F.

2008-01-01

187

Learning Biology through Research Papers: A Stimulus for Question-Asking by High-School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Question-asking is a basic skill, required for the development of scientific thinking. However, the way in which science lessons are conducted does not usually stimulate question-asking by students. To make students more familiar with the scientific inquiry process, we developed a curriculum in developmental biology based on research papers suitable for high-school students. Since a scientific paper poses a research

Gilat Brill; Anat Yarden

2003-01-01

188

Paper or Pixels? An Inquiry into How Students Adapt to Online Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This case study investigated how 23 students adapted to using a completely online textbook in lieu of a traditional paper text. All were enrolled in a single advanced MSW practice course. A variety of adaptation styles evolved. The students' primary strategy was to revert to making paper copies when permitted to do so instead of reading the…

Vernon, Robert F.

2006-01-01

189

The Writing of the Scientific Paper To Help Students Process Water Quality Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes how a water monitoring program uses a science research paper to help students apply knowledge learned from the field, the lab, and class discussion. The application consists of examining water quality data of a river and determining what factors had an impact on the river, either biotic or abiotic. Students are asked to…

Friday, Gerald

190

Dental StudentsReflections on Their Community-Based Experiences: The Use of Critical Incidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Dental schools are challenged to develop new learning methodologies,and experiences to better prepare future dental practitioners. The purpose of this study was to gain insight into the community-based,experiences of dental students as docu- mented,in their critical incident essays and explore what learning outcomes,and benefits students reported. Following two required community-based clinical rotations, each student wrote a reflection essay on

Mahyar Mofidi; M. p. h. Ronald Strauss; Leslie L. Pitner; Eugene S. Sandler; M. sc. d

2003-01-01

191

Experiencing work as a communications professional: Students' reflections on their off-campus work practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to ease the transition from the world of theuniversity to the world of work, it is of crucialimportance to provide university students withon-the-job skills and pre-professional workexperience. In the article, Finnish SpeechCommunication students' reflections on theirpre-professional practice in working life areinvestigated. The main purpose was to identifycritical factors affecting students' experiences andlearning outcomes of an off-campus practice period.

Maarit Valo

2000-01-01

192

The Effects of a self-reflective Learning Process on Student Art Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is a quasi-experimental study designed primarily to investigate whether a student self-regulated learning strategy would positively affect the student art performance of 50 students from two intact eighth-grade classes in a Georgia Public School System. The treatment for the experimental group was instruction and practice in reflecting personal artwork through planning, monitoring, and evaluation on their artwork through

Lisa Shawn Bland

2004-01-01

193

Learning Biology through Research Papers: A Stimulus for Question-Asking by High-School Students  

PubMed Central

Question-asking is a basic skill, required for the development of scientific thinking. However, the way in which science lessons are conducted does not usually stimulate question-asking by students. To make students more familiar with the scientific inquiry process, we developed a curriculum in developmental biology based on research papers suitable for high-school students. Since a scientific paper poses a research question, demonstrates the events that led to the answer, and poses new questions, we attempted to examine the effect of studying through research papers on students' ability to pose questions. Students were asked before, during, and after instruction what they found interesting to know about embryonic development. In addition, we monitored students' questions, which were asked orally during the lessons. Questions were scored according to three categories: properties, comparisons, and causal relationships. We found that before learning through research papers, students tend to ask only questions of the properties category. In contrast, students tend to pose questions that reveal a higher level of thinking and uniqueness during or following instruction with research papers. This change was not observed during or following instruction with a textbook. We suggest that learning through research papers may be one way to provide a stimulus for question-asking by high-school students and results in higher thinking levels and uniqueness.

Brill, Gilat; Yarden, Anat

2003-01-01

194

Learning biology through research papers: a stimulus for question-asking by high-school students.  

PubMed

Question-asking is a basic skill, required for the development of scientific thinking. However, the way in which science lessons are conducted does not usually stimulate question-asking by students. To make students more familiar with the scientific inquiry process, we developed a curriculum in developmental biology based on research papers suitable for high-school students. Since a scientific paper poses a research question, demonstrates the events that led to the answer, and poses new questions, we attempted to examine the effect of studying through research papers on students' ability to pose questions. Students were asked before, during, and after instruction what they found interesting to know about embryonic development. In addition, we monitored students' questions, which were asked orally during the lessons. Questions were scored according to three categories: properties, comparisons, and causal relationships. We found that before learning through research papers, students tend to ask only questions of the properties category. In contrast, students tend to pose questions that reveal a higher level of thinking and uniqueness during or following instruction with research papers. This change was not observed during or following instruction with a textbook. We suggest that learning through research papers may be one way to provide a stimulus for question-asking by high-school students and results in higher thinking levels and uniqueness. PMID:14673492

Brill, Gilat; Yarden, Anat

2003-01-01

195

Developmental perspectives on reflective practices of elementary science education students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Instructors of elementary science methods classes have long lamented the significant difficulties their students exhibit when\\u000a trying to understand the many complexities of teaching science. As noted by some researchers and practicing teachers, preservice\\u000a teachers often fail to developmentally function at desired levels with respect to constructivism and constructivist practices.\\u000a Many reasons exist for continuing to consider developmental perspectives when

Joanne K. Olson; Kevin D. Finson

2009-01-01

196

Reflections on the Life Histories of Today's LGBQ Postsecondary Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative multiple-case study utilized a life history methodology in which written and oral narratives were obtained from six postsecondary students who self-identified as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and\\/or queer (LGBQ). Through the construction of life histories, the researcher endeavored to understand how past experiences and behaviors shaped the participants’ identity and established their sense of resiliency. The researcher's analysis of

James L. Olive

2012-01-01

197

SAFETY: an integrated clinical reasoning and reflection framework for undergraduate nursing students.  

PubMed

Nurse educators can no longer focus on imparting to students knowledge that is merely factual and content specific. Activities that provide students with opportunities to apply concepts in real-world scenarios can be powerful tools. Nurse educators should take advantage of student-patient interactions to model clinical reasoning and allow students to practice complex decision making throughout the entire curriculum. In response to this change in nursing education, faculty in a pediatric course designed a reflective clinical reasoning activity based on the SAFETY template, which is derived from the National Council of State Boards of Nursing RN practice analysis. Students were able to prioritize key components of nursing care, as well as integrate practice issues such as delegation, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act violations, and questioning the accuracy of orders. SAFETY is proposed as a framework for integration of content knowledge, clinical reasoning, and reflection on authentic professional nursing concerns. PMID:23244194

Hicks Russell, Bedelia; Geist, Melissa J; House Maffett, Jenny

2012-12-17

198

Stereotype Threat and the Student-Athlete. NBER Working Paper No. 14705  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Achievement gaps may reflect the cognitive impairment thought to occur in evaluative settings (e.g., classrooms) where a stereotyped identity is salient (i.e., stereotype threat). This study presents an economic model of stereotype threat that reconciles prior evidence on how student effort and performance are influenced by this social-identity…

Dee, Thomas S.

2009-01-01

199

Measuring the College Impact on Students' Lifetime Educational Aspirations. AIR 2001 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study compared students' reflections on their highest lifetime educational aspirations at college entry (Time 1--"then") to those held later at the time of college outcomes assessment (Time 2--"now"). Data from archive files of the American College Testing Program's College Outcomes Survey (COS) for one historically black four-year private…

McLure, Gail T.; Rao, A. M. Srikanta; Lester, William L.

200

Reflections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this quick activity, Dracula has a hole in his house and learners help solve the problem by using a mirror and protractor to reflect incoming light out of his house. This activity introduces learners to vocabulary associated with light and optics including reflected ray, angle of incident, and angle of reflection. This Dracula-themed activity also works well during Halloween.

Little, Carlyn; Lahart, David; Meyers, Ted; Weisblat, Brooks

1997-01-01

201

Reflections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners play a game and use pattern blocks to explore mirror images and reflection. First, learners play the mirror game and try to follow everything the "leader" does but in a way that will look like a mirror image (reflections, not copies). Then, learners make reflections of each other's pattern block designs.

Exploratorium

2010-01-01

202

Segmenting Student Markets with a Student Satisfaction and Priorities Survey. AIR 1994 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A market segmentation analysis was conducted on students at a large midwestern urban university using two forms of hierarchical cluster analysis on student characteristics: an agglomerative procedure using a matching-type association measure and a divisive chi-square based automatic interaction detection (CHAID) procedure. Data were extracted…

Borden, Victor M. H.

203

Promoting Student Success: What Student Leaders Can Do. Occasional Paper No. 8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Student leaders reap many benefits and rewards as a result of their involvements with campus organizations. In addition to enjoying the respect of their peers, they have opportunities to meet a variety of faculty, staff and students, exposing them to a range of different personalities and cultures. They typically grow in self confidence and…

Magolda, Peter

2005-01-01

204

Comments on the Co-Emergence of Machine Techniques, Paper-and-Pencil Techniques, and Theoretical Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We comment on the paper "The co-emergence of machine techniques, paper-and-pencil techniques, and theoretical reflection: A study of CAS use in secondary school algebra" by Carolyn Kieran and Paul Drijvers. We look at aspects of Kieran and Drijvers' analysis with regard to "task-technique-theory" in the light of a model of abstraction in context…

Monaghan, John; Ozmantar, Mehmet Fatih

2006-01-01

205

Reflective teaching of medical communication skills with DiViDU: Assessing the level of student reflection on recorded consultations with simulated patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveAcquisition of effective, goal-oriented communication skills requires both practicing skills and reflective thinking. Reflection is a cyclic process of perceiving and analysing communication behaviour in terms of goals and effects and designing improved actions. Based on Korthagen's ALACT reflection model, communication training on history taking was designed. Objectives were to develop rating criteria for assessment of the students’ level of

R. L. Hulsman; A. B. Harmsen; M. Fabriek

2009-01-01

206

Reflective writing: a management skill  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyze students' reflective writing in terms of identifiable outcomes and explore students' thoughts on reflection and reflective writing as a process. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A mixed methods approach is taken with a qualitative analysis of 116 written reflections from MA Librarianship studying management over an eight-month period. A quantitative statistical analysis assesses

Barbara Anne Sen

2010-01-01

207

The University Student Experience of Face-to-Face and Online Discussions: Coherence, Reflection and Meaning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on an investigation into learning through discussions by undergraduate social work students. Second-year students studying psychology for social work experienced discussions began with face-to-face tutorials, and then continued for some time after online. This study used closed-ended questionnaires to investigate what students

Ellis, Robert A.; Goodyear, Peter; O'Hara, Agi; Prosser, Michael

2007-01-01

208

Creating Rainbows from Words and Transforming Understandings: Enhancing Student Learning through Reflective Writing in an Aboriginal Music Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflective journal writing is acknowledged as a powerful method for promoting student learning in higher education contexts. Numerous scholars highlight the benefits of reflective writing and journaling for students and teachers in a wide range of teaching areas. There is however, little discussion of how reflective writing is used in teaching and…

Barney, Katelyn; Mackinlay, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

209

"You Have to Absorb Yourself in It": Using Inquiry and Reflection to Promote Student Learning and Self-Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Inspired by inquiry-guided learning and critical self-reflection as pedagogical approaches, we describe exercises that encourage students to develop critical thinking skills through inquiry and reflective writing. Students compile questions and reflections throughout the course and, at the end of the term, use their writings for a comprehensive…

Rusche, Sarah Nell; Jason, Kendra

2011-01-01

210

A Practice-Based Approach to Student Reflection in the Workplace during a Work-Integrated Learning Placement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the Work-Integrated Learning (WIL) curriculum, reflection on workplace activities is widely used to support student learning. Recent critiques have demonstrated the limitations of current approaches to support students' reflective learning of workplace practices. By employing a practice-based approach, we seek to refocus WIL reflection on…

Sykes, Christopher; Dean, Bonnie Amelia

2013-01-01

211

Using Reflection with Peers to Help Students Learn Effective Problem Solving Strategies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We describe a study in which introductory physics students engage in reflection with peers about problem solving. The recitations for an introductory physics course with 200 students were broken into the âPeer Reflection" (PR) group and the traditional group. Each week in recitation, students in the PR group reflected in small teams on selected problems from the homework. The graduate and undergraduate teaching assistants (TAs) in the PR group recitations provided guidance and coaching to help students learn effective problem solving heuristics. In the recitations for the traditional group, students had the opportunity to ask the graduate TA questions about the homework before they took a weekly quiz. On the final exam with only multiple-choice questions, the PR group drew diagrams on more problems than the traditional group, even when there was no external reward for doing so. Since there was no partial credit for drawing the diagrams on the scratch books, students did not draw diagrams simply to get credit for the effort shown and must value the use of diagrams for solving problems if they drew them. We also find that, regardless of whether the students belonged to the traditional or PR groups, those who drew more diagrams for the multiple-choice questions outperformed those who did not draw them.

Mason, Andrew J.; Singh, Chandralekha

2011-01-01

212

Using Reflection with Peers to Help Students Learn Effective Problem Solving Strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe a study in which introductory physics students engage in reflection with peers about problem solving. The recitations for an introductory physics course with 200 students were broken into the ``Peer Reflection'' (PR) group and the traditional group. Each week in recitation, students in the PR group reflected in small teams on selected problems from the homework. The graduate and undergraduate teaching assistants (TAs) in the PR group recitations provided guidance and coaching to help students learn effective problem solving heuristics. In the recitations for the traditional group, students had the opportunity to ask the graduate TA questions about the homework before they took a weekly quiz. On the final exam with only multiple-choice questions, the PR group drew diagrams on more problems than the traditional group, even when there was no external reward for doing so. Since there was no partial credit for drawing the diagrams on the scratch books, students did not draw diagrams simply to get credit for the effort shown and must value the use of diagrams for solving problems if they drew them. We also find that, regardless of whether the students belonged to the traditional or PR groups, those who drew more diagrams for the multiple-choice questions outperformed those who did not draw them.

Mason, Andrew; Singh, Chandralekha

2010-10-01

213

Learning Biology through Research Papers: A Stimulus for Question-Asking by High-School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Question-asking is a basic skill, required for the development of scientific thinking. However, the way in which science lessons are conducted does not usually stimulate question-asking by students. To make students more familiar with the scientific inquiry process, we developed a curriculum in developmental biology based on research papers

Brill, Gilat; Yarden, Anat

2003-01-01

214

A Model of the Student Behaviour in a Virtual Educational Environment Parallel session invited paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper I am presenting a behavioural model of the student as the main actor of a virtual learning environment. The model is part of a larger project - DANTE - Socio- Cultural Models implemented through multi-agent architecture for e-learning - that has as main objective the development of a model for the virtual education system, student centred, that

Ioana Moisil

215

Problem-Based Learning: Student Engagement, Learning and Contextualized Problem-Solving. Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The adoption of problem-based learning as a teaching method in the advertising and public relations programs offered by the Business TAFE (Technical and Further Education) School at RMIT University is explored in this paper. The effect of problem-based learning on student engagement, student learning and contextualised problem-solving was…

Mossuto, Mark

2009-01-01

216

Comparing Computer-Supported Dynamic Modeling and "Paper & Pencil" Concept Mapping Technique in Students' Collaborative Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims at highlighting the collaborative activity of two high school students (age 14) in the cases of modeling the complex biological process of plant growth with two different tools: the "paper & pencil" concept mapping technique and the computer-supported educational environment "ModelsCreator". Students' shared activity in both cases…

Komis, Vassilis; Ergazaki, Marida; Zogza, Vassiliki

2007-01-01

217

Distance Education in Southern Africa Conference, 1987. Papers 5: Administration and Student Support in Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Seventeen papers from the University of South Africa's Conference on Distance Education are presented. They include: "Establishing a Formal Student Support System--Time Is of the Essence" (Karen Hinrichs); "A Student Services Unit in a Distance Education Institution" (Hendrik Gous); "Distance Education and the Community: New Partnerships and…

Adey, David, Comp.; And Others

218

Financial Incentives and Student Achievement: Evidence from Randomized Trials. NBER Working Paper No. 15898  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes a series of school-based randomized trials in over 250 urban schools designed to test the impact of financial incentives on student achievement. In stark contrast to simple economic models, our results suggest that student incentives increase achievement when the rewards are given for inputs to the educational production…

Fryer, Roland G., Jr.

2010-01-01

219

How and Why do Teacher Credentials Matter for Student Achievement? NBER Working Paper No. 12828  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education researchers and policy makers agree that teachers differ in terms of quality and that quality matters for student achievement. Despite prodigious amounts of research, however, debate still persists about the causal relationship between specific teacher credentials and student achievement. In this paper, we use a rich administrative data…

Clotfelter, Charles T.; Ladd, Helen F.; Vigdor, Jacob L.

2007-01-01

220

Comparing Computer-Supported Dynamic Modeling and "Paper & Pencil" Concept Mapping Technique in Students' Collaborative Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aims at highlighting the collaborative activity of two high school students (age 14) in the cases of modeling the complex biological process of plant growth with two different tools: the "paper & pencil" concept mapping technique and the computer-supported educational environment "ModelsCreator". Students' shared activity in both cases…

Komis, Vassilis; Ergazaki, Marida; Zogza, Vassiliki

2007-01-01

221

Managing the Action/Reflection Polarity Through Dialogue: A Path to Transformative Learning. NALL Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Ontario, a course entitled Developing and Leading High Performing Teams: Theory and Practice is experimenting with a design that surfaces the action/reflection paradox for the purpose of learning how to manage this polarity. Whether the product is defined as services or goods,…

Laiken, Marilyn E.

222

Reflective thinking and medical students: some thoughtful distillations regarding John Dewey and Hannah Arendt.  

PubMed

Reflective thought (critical thinking) is essential to the medical student who hopes to become an effective physician. John Dewey, one of America's foremost educators in the early twentieth century, revolutionized critical thinking and its role in education. In the mid twentieth century Hannah Arendt provided profound insights into the problem of diminishing human agency and political freedom. Taken together, Dewey's insight regarding reflective thought, and Arendt's view of action, speech, and power in the public realm, provide mentors and teachers of medical students guidance in the training of thought and the need for its effective projection at the patient's bedside and in the community. PMID:19368737

Papadimos, Thomas J

2009-04-16

223

The Honours Year—A Reflection on the Experience from Four Former Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

An honours year is an introduction to new relationships with supervisors, fellow students, research participants and, importantly, yourself. This paper is based upon the experiences of four former Australian honours students who felt there was a distinct lack of guidance for first-time researchers in the available academic literature. In this paper, we explore the research experiences, processes and relationships that

James Kite; Stephanie Russo; Philip Couch; Lauren Bell

2011-01-01

224

Recapitulating the History of Sickle-Cell Anemia Research: Improving Students' NOS Views Explicitly and Reflectively  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper provides an argument in favor of a specific pedagogical method of using the history of science to help students develop more informed views about nature of science (NOS) issues. The paper describes a series of lesson plans devoted to encouraging students to engage, "unbeknownst to them", in similar reasoning that led scientists to…

Howe, Eric Michael; Rudge, David Wyss

2005-01-01

225

Reflections on the Proceedings from HPSST Conferences: A Profile of Papers on Chemistry Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Proceedings from the first three History and Philosophy of Science and Science Teaching Conferences are examined to identify the profile of papers in science content areas. Those papers with a chemistry education emphasis are investigated more closely. Results indicate that papers with physics content dominate. Chemistry and biology content were…

Erduran, Sibel

226

Reflections on the Proceedings from HPSST Conferences: A Profile of Papers on Chemistry Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proceedings from the first three History and Philosophy of Science and Science Teaching Conferences are examined to identify the profile of papers in science content areas. Those papers with a chemistry education emphasis are investigated more closely. Results indicate that papers with physics content dominate. Chemistry and biology content were…

Erduran, Sibel

227

A Design-Based Self-Study of the Development of Student Reflection in Teacher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reflection is critical to successful pre-service teacher learning, but it is hard to teach and difficult for students to conceptualize. This article reports a self-study, with others, where a practitioner and colleagues scrutinized an intervention in teacher education. The study employed design-based methodology to examine an intervention in a teacher educator's own class. Students were invited to use teaching strategies

Peter Aubusson; Janette Griffin; Frances Steele

2010-01-01

228

Twelve tips for using digital storytelling to promote reflective learning by medical students.  

PubMed

Digital storytelling has potential to motivate students to engage in reflective learning since it uses a range of new technologies and multimedia that are more familiar to young people. The use of visual and audio media offers creative opportunities that can motivate students to develop deeper learning. A structured approach to creating a digital story is essential so that its potential is achieved. PMID:18946821

Sandars, John; Murray, Christopher; Pellow, Andy

2008-01-01

229

Invited paper Observation of plasma shielding by measuring transmitted and reflected laser pulse temporal profiles  

Microsoft Academic Search

.  Mass ablation rate increases with laser power density following a power law dependence and a significant change occurs at\\u000a 0.3 GW\\/cm. A reflected laser temporal profile was measured from a brass sample. When the power density is greater than 0.3 GW\\/cm+, the temporal profile changes. The transmitted laser-pulse temporal profile through a glass sample also was measured. When\\u000a the power

Xianglei Mao; Richard E. Russo

1996-01-01

230

Reflections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a cultural arts program of the National Congress of Parents and Teachers (PTA) that encourages K-12 students to explore their thoughts and express them through the arts. The 1988-89 theme was "Proud Experiences," around which students created artwork that depicted feelings of accomplishment as well as national and family pride. (KM)

Jor'dan, Vamilah R.

1990-01-01

231

Using Task Evaluation and Reflection Instrument for Student Self-Assessment (TERISSA) To Improve Educational Assessment and Feedback  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over 500 students enrolled in Electronic Engineering courses at RMIT since 2001 have learnt to use the Task Evaluation and Reflection Instrument for Student Self- Assessment (TERISSA). TERISSA engages students in self-assessment of their subject knowledge whilst they resolve problems. It requires a student to conduct two task evaluations: when the task is first presented and after the task has

Iouri Belski

2007-01-01

232

Design and Reflection Help Students Develop Scientific Abilities: Learning in Introductory Physics Laboratories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design activities, when embedded in an inquiry cycle and appropriately scaffolded and supplemented with reflection, can promote the development of the habits of mind (scientific abilities) that are an important part of scientific practice. Through the Investigative Science Learning Environment (ISLE), students construct physics knowledge by engaging in inquiry cycles that replicate the approach used by physicists to construct knowledge.

Eugenia Etkina; Anna Karelina; Maria Ruibal-Villasenor; David Rosengrant; Rebecca Jordan; Cindy E. Hmelo-Silver

2010-01-01

233

Design and Reflection Help Students Develop Scientific Abilities: Learning in Introductory Physics Laboratories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Design activities, when embedded in an inquiry cycle and appropriately scaffolded and supplemented with reflection, can promote the development of the habits of mind (scientific abilities) that are an important part of scientific practice. Through the Investigative Science Learning Environment ("ISLE"), students construct physics knowledge by…

Etkina, Eugenia; Karelina, Anna; Ruibal-Villasenor, Maria; Rosengrant, David; Jordan, Rebecca; Hmelo-Silver, Cindy E.

2010-01-01

234

Tolerance and Understanding? Students and Teachers Reflect on Differences at School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Starting from educational aims that emphasise tolerance and understanding, the focus of this article is to analyse how difference is constructed in students informal relations, by enactments of bullying and sex-based and racist harassment. The article also discusses how young people themselves and teachers reflect on these kinds of processes.…

Lahelma, Elina

2004-01-01

235

Reflections on Individual Psychotherapy with University Students: What Seems to Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors offer reflections on what seems to work in individual psychotherapy with university students. Discussion centers around the topics of triage and disposition, referral, crisis intervention, stress management, open-ended psychotherapy, extratherapeutic factors, and the psychotherapy relationship. These observations are not intended to…

Pinkerton, Rolffs; Talley, Joseph E.; Cooper, Stacie L.

2009-01-01

236

Reflections on Student, Service User and Carer Involvement in Social Work Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article will reflect on the experience of undertaking a participatory action research influenced study within a module of a social work degree programme. In doing so it will touch on some of the literature associated with student, service user and carer involvement in qualifying programmes, and in particular on research and module design. It will outline the history of

Sally Biskin; Val Barcroft; Wulf Livingston; Sean Snape

2012-01-01

237

Reading and Responding to Student Writing: A Heuristic for Reflective Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Constructs a protocol of a teacher reading and responding to a student essay. Provides a map of the various concerns a teacher can take up in reading. Creates and models a heuristic to reflect on reading and responding practices in light of one's philosophy, assumptions, and practice. (PM)

Straub, Richard E.

2002-01-01

238

Reflections on Individual Psychotherapy with University Students: What Seems to Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors offer reflections on what seems to work in individual psychotherapy with university students. Discussion centers around the topics of triage and disposition, referral, crisis intervention, stress management, open-ended psychotherapy, extratherapeutic factors, and the psychotherapy relationship. These observations are not intended to be…

Pinkerton, Rolffs; Talley, Joseph E.; Cooper, Stacie L.

2009-01-01

239

Cooperative Learning, Jigsaw Strategies, and Reflections of Graduate and Undergraduate Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Classes of undergraduate and graduate students assigned to three professors were used to experience cooperative learning, jigsaw strategies, and to reflect on the process that occurred over a semester. The work is based upon theories of social interdependence, cognitive development, and behavioral learning. Pre- and post surveys were completed by…

Morgan, Bobbette M.; Rodriguez, Alma D.; Rosenberg, Graciela P.

2008-01-01

240

School-Wide Positive Behavior Support Initiatives and Students with Severe Disabilities: A Time for Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As people see a powerful technology and philosophical value system originally developed to promote the self-determination and inclusion of individuals students with severe disabilities applied to and having impact on the broader school population, they wonder what the outcomes will be. In this article, the authors reflect on two issues: (1) the…

Brown, Fredda; Michaels, Craig A.

2006-01-01

241

Student and Teacher Reflections on Indirectness as a Pragmatic Feature of Pharmacist-Patient Simulations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports on a research process where focussed reflection on pharmacist-patient simulations led to meta-pragmatic awareness and directions for pedagogical practice. The research participants were third-year EAL pharmacy students, who were practising being pharmacists, and pharmacy staff members, who played the part of patients.…

Hussin, Virginia

2013-01-01

242

Teaching Students to Deconstruct Life Experience with Addictions: A Structured Reflection Exercise  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students come to the classroom with life experience that may reinforce stigmatization of those who struggle with addiction. Educators must address this dynamic directly if addiction practitioners are to move beyond their personal experiences and come to understand the neuroscience of addiction, evidence-based practices, and the human potential for recovery. This article provides a structured reflection exercise that challenges future

Kathy Lay; Lisa McGuire

2008-01-01

243

Through Psychological Lenses: University Students' Reflections Following the "Psychology of the Holocaust" Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While Holocaust related activities and educational programs around the world are growing in number, published reports on their impact are scarce, especially on the university level. The free responses of 94 Jewish-Israeli university students who took the course "Psychology of the Holocaust" yielded eight themes. The results reflect a change of…

Lazar, Alon; Litvak-Hirsch, Tal; Bar-On, Dan; Beyth-Marom, Ruth

2009-01-01

244

Student teachers' outlook on teaching: a content analysis of their reflective reports on experiences in practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on student teachers' experience-based knowledge regarding teaching and learning to teach in secondary general or vocational (mostly agricultural) schools. Insight into this knowledge has been gained by analyzing the content of their written reflections on experiences in practice. The framework for this content analysis was derived from literature on teachers' professional identity, starting points of the course

D. Beijaard; H. Stellingwerf; N. Verloop

1997-01-01

245

Reflections on Individual Psychotherapy with University Students: What Seems to Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors offer reflections on what seems to work in individual psychotherapy with university students. Discussion centers around the topics of triage and disposition, referral, crisis intervention, stress management, open-ended psychotherapy, extratherapeutic factors, and the psychotherapy relationship. These observations are not intended to be a comprehensive review; rather, the effort is to stimulate interest and dialogue on this important subject.

Rolffs Pinkerton; Joseph E. Talley; Stacie L. Cooper

2009-01-01

246

Through psychological lenses: university students' reflections following the “Psychology of the Holocaust” course  

Microsoft Academic Search

While Holocaust related activities and educational programs around the world are growing in number, published reports on their impact are scarce, especially on the university level. The free responses of 94 Jewish?Israeli university students who took the course “Psychology of the Holocaust” yielded eight themes. The results reflect a change of emphasis and movement from a mainly particularistic interpretation of

Alon Lazar

2009-01-01

247

Comparison of student performance using web and paper-based homework in college-level physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homework gives students an opportunity to practice important college-level physics skills. A switch to Web-based homework alters the nature of feedback received, potentially changing the pedagogical benefit. Calculus- and algebra-based introductory physics students enrolled in large paired lecture sections at a public university completed homework of standard end-of-the-chapter exercises using either the Web or paper. Comparison of their performances on

Scott W. Bonham; Duane L. Deardorff; Robert J. Beichner

2003-01-01

248

The UK Edition of "The Little Red Schoolbook": A Paper Tiger Reflects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper concerns "The Little Red Schoolbook," an English translation of the Danish book "Den lille rode bog fur skoleelever." After the book's publication in the UK, opponents were successful in pressing for its publisher's prosecution. The ensuing trial led to its withdrawal and its bowdlerisation. It is argued that the work played some part…

Limond, David

2012-01-01

249

The Honours Year--A Reflection on the Experience from Four Former Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An honours year is an introduction to new relationships with supervisors, fellow students, research participants and, importantly, yourself. This paper is based upon the experiences of four former Australian honours students who felt there was a distinct lack of guidance for first-time researchers in the available academic literature. In this…

Kite, James; Russo, Stephanie; Couch, Philip; Bell, Lauren

2012-01-01

250

Ocean Sciences Best Student Papers for 1988 Joint AGU/ASLO Meeting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Ocean Sciences Section has selected four students to receive Best Student Paper Awards for the 1988 Joint AGU and American Society for Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO) Meeting held last January in New Orleans.Brad M. Bebout received a Best Student Paper Award for his paper “The Use of Agricultural Waste (Corn Slash) to Support Microzone-Associated Nitrogen Fixation by Marine Microorganisms.” Bebout is an M.S. candidate in marine sciences at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His thesis is on “The Role of Marine Fungi in Food Selection and Nutrition of the Salt Marsh Periwinkle Littorina irrorata Say (Gastropoda).” He received his B.A. in biology from the University of California, Santa Cruz.

251

Development of research paper writing skills of poultry science undergraduate students studying food microbiology.  

PubMed

Because food and poultry industries are demanding an improvement in written communication skills among graduates, research paper writing should be an integral part of a senior undergraduate class. However, scientific writing assignments are often treated as secondary to developing the technical skills of the students. Scientific research paper writing has been emphasized in an undergraduate course on advanced food microbiology taught in the Poultry Science Department at Texas A& M University (College Station, TX). Students' opinions suggest that research paper writing as part of a senior course in Poultry Science provides students with scientific communication skills and useful training for their career, but more emphasis on reading and understanding scientific literature may be required. PMID:16523638

Howard, Z R; Donalson, L M; Kim, W K; Li, X; Zabala Díaz, I; Landers, K L; Maciorowski, K G; Ricke, S C

2006-02-01

252

The Power of the Sketch(Book): Reflections from High School English Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the potential of sketchbooks as a pathway for developing ideas for writing in high school English classrooms. This paper examines how shifting between drawing and writing impacts students' ability to develop ideas for writing and create meaningful texts. Specifically, this paper explores four types of visual sign making that…

Leigh, S. Rebecca

2012-01-01

253

The Power of the Sketch(Book): Reflections from High School English Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the potential of sketchbooks as a pathway for developing ideas for writing in high school English classrooms. This paper examines how shifting between drawing and writing impacts students' ability to develop ideas for writing and create meaningful texts. Specifically, this paper explores four types of visual sign making that…

Leigh, S. Rebecca

2012-01-01

254

Using a storyboarding technique in the classroom to address end of life experiences in practice and engage student nurses in deeper reflection  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates the use of storyboarding within a classroom setting as a means of addressing end of life issues and engaging second year student nurses in creative, critical thinking and deeper reflection on practice.Storyboarding is a process that was developed to encourage learners to use the creative right brain and the critical left brain to formulate ideas in front

Sue Lillyman; Robin Gutteridge; Pat Berridge

2011-01-01

255

(Re)conceptualizing resistance to (re)conceptualize campus climate challenges: Analyzing the resistant register of student reflection writing in a university diversity course  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000aGiven the rise in diversity across college campuses, campus climate surveys have recommended universities offer diversity courses to help improve sensitivity towards diversity. This dissertation project looks at one of these university diversity courses and how students resist social justice issues in their written reflection papers. Using critical discourse analysis (CDA), informed by Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL), this project specifically

Kathryn Suzanne Jaekel

2011-01-01

256

Exploring students' interactions, arguments, and reflections in general chemistry laboratories with different levels of inquiry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Students' learning in inquiry-based investigations has drawn considerable attention of the science education community. Inquiry activities can be viewed as knowledge construction processes in which students are expected to develop conceptual understanding and critical thinking abilities. Our study aimed to explore the effect of experiments with different levels of inquiry on students' interactions in the laboratory setting, as well as on students' written arguments and reflections. Our results are based on direct observations of group work in college general chemistry laboratories and analysis of associated written lab reports. The analysis of students' interactions in the laboratory was approached from three major analytic dimensions: Functional analysis, cognitive processing, and social processing. According to our results, higher levels of inquiry were associated with an increase in the relative frequency of episodes where students were engaged in proposing ideas versus asking and answering each others' questions. Higher levels of inquiry also favored episodes in which experimental work was approached in a more exploratory (versus procedural) manner. However, no major changes were observed in the extent to which students were engaged in either interpretive discussions of central scientific concepts and ideas. As part of our study we were also interested in characterizing the effects of experiments involving different levels of inquiry on the structure and adequacy of university general chemistry students' written arguments, as well as on the nature of their reflections about laboratory work. Our findings indicate that the level of inquiry of the observed experiments had no significant impact on the structure or adequacy of arguments generated by students. However, the level of inquiry of the experiments seemed to have a major impact on several areas of students' written reflections about laboratory work. In general, our results elicit trends and highlight issues that can help instructors and curriculum developers identify strategies to better support and scaffold productive engagement in the laboratory. Our results suggest that careful design and implementation of instructional interventions may be needed to maximize the learning effects of the more open-ended inquiry activities at the college level.

Xu, Haozhi

257

Using a "Small Moments" Writing Strategy to Help Undergraduate Students Reflect on Their Service-Learning Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines a "small moments" writing strategy to nurture reflection in undergraduate college students participating in a course-based service-learning activity. Using grounded theory methodology to analyze reflection journal entries, the authors identified themes that indicate that, by writing "small moments" reflection journal entries,…

Bleicher, Robert E.; Correia, Manuel G.

2011-01-01

258

Quantitative Content Analysis Procedures to Analyse Students' Reflective Essays: A Methodological Review of Psychometric and Edumetric Aspects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflective essays are a common way to develop higher education students' reflection ability. Researchers frequently analyse reflective essays based on quantitative content analysis procedures (QCA). However, the quality criteria that should be met in QCA are not straightforward. This article aims to: (1) develop a framework of quality requirements…

Poldner, E.; Simons, P. R. J.; Wijngaards, G.; van der Schaaf, M. F.

2012-01-01

259

Exploring Evidence of Reflective Thinking in Student Artifacts of Blogging-Mapping Tool: A Design-Based Research Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reflective learning can assist a learner's purposeful and conscious manipulation of ideas toward meaningful learning and knowledge integration. Blogs have been used to support reflection, but Blogs usually do not provide overt mechanisms for students to make connections between different parts of an experience, which is integral to reflective

Xie, Ying; Sharma, Priya

2011-01-01

260

Citation Behavior of Undergraduate Students: A Study of History, Political Science, and Sociology Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of this analysis was to obtain local citation behavior data on undergraduates researching history, political science, and sociology papers. The study found that students cited books and journals even with the availability of web sources; however, usage varied by subject. References to specific websites' domains also varied across subject…

Hendley, Michelle

2012-01-01

261

The Alaska Statewide Student Testing Program: Are the Tests Biased? AK-ERA White Paper #1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Addressing concerns of some Alaska educators and parents about the fairness of the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS), this paper clarifies what can be expected of norm-referenced tests and examines the extent to which the results of the Alaska Statewide Student Assessment may be affected by test bias. Although some test items may ask questions…

Judith Kleinfield; And Others

262

Assessing Student Attitudes: Computer versus Pencil. AIR 1997 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study compared results of measuring student attitudes regarding race, gender, and religious climate using pencil-and-paper administration in a group setting with computer-administrated measurement over a local area network. Approximately 2,000 U.S. Air Force Academy cadets in February 1996 and 1,400 in November 1996 were administered the…

Antons, Christopher M.; Dilla, Benjamin L.; Fultz, Miriam L.

263

Citation Behavior of Undergraduate Students: A Study of History, Political Science, and Sociology Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this analysis was to obtain local citation behavior data on undergraduates researching history, political science, and sociology papers. The study found that students cited books and journals even with the availability of web sources; however, usage varied by subject. References to specific websites' domains also varied across subject…

Hendley, Michelle

2012-01-01

264

Accelerating the Academic Achievement of Students Referred to Developmental Education. CCRC Working Paper No. 30  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Acceleration, which involves the reorganization of instruction and curricula in ways that facilitate the completion of academic requirements in an expedited manner, is an increasingly popular strategy at community colleges for improving the outcomes of developmental education students. This paper reviews the literature on acceleration and…

Edgecombe, Nikki

2011-01-01

265

Reflection as a means of understanding : Ways in which Confucian Heritage students learn and understand organisational behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To provide an understanding of the ways in which Confucian Heritage students use reflection as a means of learning at university. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach is an exploratory qualitative study into the ways in which Confucian Heritage students learn while studying at university. Data are collected by means of semi-structured formal interviews involving six students enrolled in a

Coralie Haller; Ron Fisher; Rod Gapp

2007-01-01

266

Feedback Providing Improvement Strategies and Reflection on Feedback Use: Effects on Students' Writing Motivation, Process, and Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the effects of feedback providing improvement strategies and a reflection assignment on students' writing motivation, process, and performance. Students in the experimental feedback condition (n = 41) received feedback including improvement strategies, whereas students in the control feedback condition (n = 41) received…

Duijnhouwer, Hendrien; Prins, Frans J.; Stokking, Karel M.

2012-01-01

267

Use of Journal Writing in the Assessment of CSD Students' Learning About DiversityA Method Worthy of Reflection  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the first stage of a multistep project that examined whether and to what degree journal writing provides information about students' achievement of desired learning outcomes in diversity training. Participants were 18 communication sciences and disorders graduate students enrolled in a 2-course, interinstitutional, Web-based instructional sequence derived from experiential learning models. Examples of written reflections from student journals

Shelly S. Chabon; Dorian Lee-Wilkerson

2006-01-01

268

Students Choosing Colleges: Understanding the Matriculation Decision at a Highly Selective Private Institution. NBER Working Paper No. 15772  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The college choice process can be reduced to three questions: (1) Where does a student apply?; (2) Which schools accept the students?; and (3) Which offer of admission does the student accept? This paper addresses question three. Specifically, we offer an econometric analysis of the matriculation decisions made by students accepted to Williams…

Nurnberg, Peter; Schapiro, Morton; Zimmerman, David

2010-01-01

269

Transfer Student Experiences and Success at Berkeley. A SERU Project Research Paper. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.3.09  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study focuses on the stigmatization and psychosocial experiences of community college transfer students within the university setting. Two hundred and sixty-three students nearing the completion of their studies at UC Berkeley responded to a series of open-ended questions about their academic, social, and psychological experiences at…

Alexander, Sereeta; Ellis, Debbie; Mendoza-Denton, Rodolfo

2009-01-01

270

Preceptorship: using an ethical lens to reflect on the unsafe student.  

PubMed

Patient safety has become a worldwide health concern, and health care professionals have a moral and ethical responsibility to promote patient safety. The clinical education of many health care professionals often involves a preceptorship or field experience wherein students are assigned to work one-to-one with a preceptor or field educator so that they can be socialized into the profession and receive a reality-oriented experience. Health care professionals who accept the responsibility of being a preceptor face additional workload and stress, especially when the students to whom they are assigned are not meeting the expectations of safe, professional practice. Taking a stand against unsafe students is an important way for preceptors to promote patient safety. Given the nature of the stress and the inherent ethical issues associated with precepting an unsafe student, it is useful to examine this experience through an ethical lens. Included in this article is a brief overview of preceptorship as a model of clinical education, together with a discussion of the nature of the ethical decisions that preceptors face when precepting an unsafe student. Ethical theories, namely, virtue ethics and utilitarianism, are also explored and serve to provide the ethical lens through which preceptors can reflect upon their experiences with unsafe students. PMID:22261602

Earle-Foley, Vicki; Myrick, Florence; Luhanga, Florence; Yonge, Olive

271

Student-Teachers' Ability to Read Nature: Reflections on their own learning in ecology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses student-teachers' ability to read nature in a woodland habitat before and after a 10-week ecology course. Reading nature is our definition of the ability to observe, describe and explain basic ecology in the field. Data consists of field-based pre-course and post-course interviews followed up by metacognitive interviews where students analyse their own learning. A bi-dimensional coding scheme

Ola Magntorn; Gustav Helldén

2005-01-01

272

Conceptual Underpinnings of Students' Ability to Understand Reflections from a Plane Mirror  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this paper we explore students' pre-instruction knowledge of several conceptual and procedural pieces of knowledge that we believe are prerequisite to one's ability to generate correct light ray diagrams and understand image formation by a plane mirror. The research population is an algebra-based, introductory physics class of about 50 students at a medium-sized, urban, public university. Both individual interviews and written free response questions were used to gather data.

Cummings, Karen; Grillo, Edward

2009-11-30

273

Comparison of student performance using web and paper-based homework in college-level physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Homework gives students an opportunity to practice important college-level physics skills. A switch to Web-based homework alters the nature of feedback received, potentially changing the pedagogical benefit. Calculus- and algebra-based introductory physics students enrolled in large paired lecture sections at a public university completed homework of standard end-of-the-chapter exercises using either the Web or paper. Comparison of their performances on regular exams, conceptual exams, quizzes, laboratory, and homework showed no significant differences between groups; other measures were found to be strong predictors of performance. This indicates that the change in medium itself has limited effect on student learning. Ways in which Web-based homework could enable exercises with greater pedagogical value are discussed.

Bonham, Scott W.; Deardorff, Duane L.; Beichner, Robert J.

2003-12-01

274

Reflections on a scientific paper of 1926 by the medical 'Inkling' Robert Emlyn 'Humphrey' Havard (1901-1985).  

PubMed

Robert Emlyn Havard (1901-1985; general practitioner and sometimes medical scientist) was the only non-literary member of the Inklings - a 1930 s and 1940s Oxford University club which included Lewis and Tolkien. Despite spending most of his time in family medicine, Havard was a productive medical scientist. While still a student at Cambridge University, Havard co-authored an influential study published in the Journal of Physiology of 1926 entitled 'The influence of exercise on the inorganic phosphates in the blood and urine'. The style and structure of this paper provides a charming window into the elite medical science of the 1920s. PMID:19297104

Charlton, Bruce G

2009-03-17

275

Reflections on urban science teacher-student self-efficacy dynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This forum article consists of commentaries—authored by Sumi Hagiwara, Maria S. Rivera Maulucci and Lizette Ramos—on the feature article by Virginia Jennings Bolshakova, Carla C. Johnson, and Charlene M. Czerniak. We reflect on a series of questions that take retrospective, introspective, and prospective views of self-efficacy in science education. We review selected studies that explore some of the historical developments and methodological approaches in the literature and examine a teacher-student self-efficacy system model that shows the ways in which teachers' and students' self-efficacy judgments are based upon multiple individual and shared components, such as identity and social interaction within the classroom and school. We close with a call for the design of measures of teacher-student self-efficacy systems, so that we can begin to tailor professional development experiences to the goals and motivations of individual and collective groups of teachers and students in ways that accommodate the unique cultural features of their classrooms and foster student self-efficacy.

Hagiwara, Sumi; Maulucci, Maria S. Rivera; Ramos, S. Lizette

2011-12-01

276

Capturing intergenerativity: the use of student reflective journals to identify learning within an undergraduate course in gerontological nursing.  

PubMed

The benefits of intergenerational contact between older and young adults have been demonstrated; yet, nursing programs have underexplored the potential of such relationships for enhancing student learning. This article presents an analysis of student reflective journals as part of an evaluation of an undergraduate gerontological nursing course. The course aims to create positive learning experiences by involving older adults as partners in student learning. Older adults are recruited to receive visits from a designated student to share aspects of their life and experiences. Students write reflective journals based on these visits as a method of evaluating their learning. A framework analysis of 80 journals completed by 59 students identified four major themes representing the impact of these visits on student learning: becoming aware, making connections, seeing the unique person, and valuing intergenerational relationships. The analysis suggests the relevance of the concept of intergenerativity in illuminating shared benefits of the practicum experience. PMID:23402281

Davies, Susan M; Reitmaier, Amy B; Smith, Linda Reveling; Mangan-Danckwart, Deborah

2013-02-13

277

A study of the relationship between reflective writing and critical thinking in seventh grade integrated science students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examined the role of reflective journal writing on the development of critical thinking in seventh grade integrated science students. The students participating in this study were part of four science classes taught by the same instructor, using the same curriculum and methods employed during this study. The larger working group consisted of 69 seventh grade students who were allowed to participate in this study by virtue of a signed consent form. The 12 students who comprised the smaller writing group were selected from the larger working group. The smaller, criterion-based writing group was selected from the working group based on their level of critical thinking as indicated on the pre-test instrument. The study utilized several methods of data collection. Data were collected through analyses of student journal entries, class discussions, and a pre and posttest instrument to measure a student's level of critical thinking. All participants were given code names to mask their identity. The findings of this study indicate that a majority of the students' ability to think critically appeared to improve after 18 weeks of reflective journal writing. However, no relationship was found between a student's level of critical thinking and his or her ability to write reflectively. Although many participants did improve their level of reflective writing and critical thinking, there was no direct relationship found between the two skills. This study provided some evidence that reflective journal writing is beneficial for students although some benefits may be intangible. The attitudes of many students toward writing improved, and there was a noticeable increase in students' willingness to share their thoughts and respond to questions in class. Practice in reflective writing also contributed to improved writing skills by the participants. Additionally, there are five recommendations for further research derived from this study.

Rowicki, Mark Adam

278

Drug Testing in Schools: Policies, Practices, and Association with Student Drug Use. YES Occasional Papers. Paper 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite considerable recent public and judicial attention to the issue of drug testing, little empirical research has focused on the relationship between drug testing in schools and the actual use of illicit drugs by students. To explore this issue, we use school-level survey data about drug testing from the Youth, Education, and Society study and…

Yamaguchi, Ryoko; Johnston, Lloyd D.; O'Malley, Patrick M.

2003-01-01

279

Drug Use among American College Students and Their Noncollege Age Peers. Monitoring the Future. Occasional Paper Series, Paper 25.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Monitoring the Future is an ongoing research program which annually surveys high school seniors and also performs followup surveys of previous high school classes. This study used five different questionnaire forms to examine illicit and licit (alcohol and nicotine) drug use among U.S. college students and their age-peers not in college. The…

Johnston, Lloyd D.; And Others

280

Reflecting on the learning experiences of student nurses in rural Uganda.  

PubMed

This article presents the first author, Wanda Lovett's experiences of pre-qualifying nurse education in rural Uganda, with a particular focus on promoting effective learning within community placements. The culture and context of health care and of nurse education are very different in this area when compared to the UK. Additionally there are a number of challenges associated with the mentorship of nursing students in practice, both in relation to facilitating learning and to the assessment of competence. This article describes the author's experiences of developing a more appropriate approach that reflects adult-centred learning, to promote the level of thinking that students will need to meet the demands of their roles once qualified. PMID:21471922

Lovett, Wanda; Gidman, Janice

2011-04-01

281

Can Inquiry and Reflection be Contagious? Science Teachers, Students, and Action Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study reports the transformations of 3 science teachers who conducted action research projects following a model, unique to our graduate program, which follows the theoretical tenets of adult and transformative learning theory. Teachers video their teaching, engage in weekly peer group collaborative reflection sessions, collaborate with students, and consult with other sources to identify goals for improving their teaching practices, develop action plans, and analyze the results of their actions. As a result of this process, all 3 teachers changed their pedagogical approach from a teacher centered textbook driven approach to a student centered inquiry based approach. Implications of using this model as a powerful means of professional development for science teachers are explored.

Lebak, Kimberly; Tinsley, Ron

2010-12-01

282

‘Take more time to actually listen’: studentsreflections on participation and negotiation in school  

Microsoft Academic Search

Behaviour in schools is an emotive topic and one of enduring political interest and sensitivity. The media often portrays schools as violent and dangerous places and young people as ever more unruly. This paper explores findings from a recent large-scale national study on behaviour and focuses on the data from primary and secondary school students within this study. The comments

Gillean McCluskey; Jane Brown; Pamela Munn; Gwynedd Lloyd; Lorna Hamilton; Stephen Sharp; Gale Macleod

2012-01-01

283

Reflections on academic writing and publication for doctoral students and supervisors: reconciling authorial voice and performativity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current research context in Australia and other countries such as the United Kingdom (UK) and New Zealand (NZ) is ‘performativity’. This provides opportunities for and obstacles to research higher degree (RHD) students developing their authorial voice. This paper illustrates how to facilitate improved academic writing and increased publishing from doctorates. Using mixed methods, it draws on interviews with eight

Teresa Marchant; Naomi Anastasi; Peter Miller

2011-01-01

284

Student-Teachers' Ability to Read Nature: Reflections on their Own Learning in Ecology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper addresses student-teachers' ability to "read nature" in a woodland habitat before and after a 10-week ecology course. "Reading nature" is our definition of the ability to observe, describe and explain basic ecology in the field. Data consists of field-based pre-course and post-course interviews followed up by metacognitive interviews…

Magntorn, Ola; Hellden, Gustav

2005-01-01

285

Comparison of student performance using web and paper-based homework in college-level physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Web-based homework is becoming widespread practice in physics and other technical courses, primarily for logistical and economic reasons. Although people argue whether this is a positive or negative development for student learning, there is limited research assessing the pedagogical effect of changing the medium from written, hand-graded homework to web submitted, computer-graded work. Towards this end, we assessed student performance with web homework and with traditional paper homework in a realistic classroom setting for large enrollment service courses. One of two nearly identical sections of introductory physics received paper-based, hand-graded homework while the other received the standard web-based homework, and we compared the two groups on conceptual and problem-solving performance measures. We conducted this experiment two times, once in a calculus-based course and once in an algebra based course. No significant differences in student performance were found that could be attributed to the homework method used. This work was supported by the Spencer Foundation and the National Science Foundation under grant 9714546.

Bonham, Scott W.; Beichner, Robert J.; Deardorff, Duane

2005-10-11

286

Student Services. Responding to Issues and Challenges. The Fifth Compendium of Papers by Student Services Officers of The University of North Carolina. June 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Articles by student affairs officers of The University of North Carolina focus on the theme of improving the quality of life for students during their time on campus. Programs, research, and thought being carried forward by student affairs professionals in North Carolina are noted. The 17 papers are as follows: (1) "A University System Response…

North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. General Administration.

287

Relationship between Competence-Based Education and Student Reflection on Practice: A UK Case Study of Initial Teacher Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Use of a competency-based framework for initial teacher training in Britain was studied in one institution. Students felt that both competency-based training and reflection on practice generated self-assessment and monitoring. However, time pressures in implementing competence frameworks sometimes limited opportunities for reflection. (SK)|

Burchell, Helen; Westmoreland, Susan

1999-01-01

288

Reflective Behaviors under a Web-Based Portfolio Assessment Environment for High School Students in a Computer Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research attempted to categorize reflection in a Web-based portfolio assessment using the Chinese Word Segmenting System (CWSS). Another aim of this research was to explore reflective performance in which individual differences were further examined. Participants were 45 eight-grade students from a junior high school taking a computer…

Chang, Chi-Cheng; Chen, Cheng-Chuan; Chen, Yi-Hui

2012-01-01

289

Use of Poems Written by Physicians to Elicit Critical Reflection by Students in a Medical Biochemistry Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Critical reflection helps to animate humanistic values needed for professional behavior in medical students. We wanted to learn whether poems written by physicians could foster such critical reflection. To do so, we determined whether the poems elicited dissonance (i.e., recognition of their own or others behavior as incongruent with…

Van Winkle, Lon J.; Robson, Chester; Chandar, Nalini; Green, Jacalyn M.; Viselli, Susan M.; Donovan, Kelly

2011-01-01

290

Developing Reflective Practice in Pre-Service Student Teachers: What Does Art Have to Do with It?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing reflective practice in pre-service student teachers is a goal of many teacher education programs. This article describes three activities used in a graduate teacher education program that were designed to use an arts focus to provoke deeper reflection about teaching and learning. Clay tiles were used for illustrating personal metaphors…

Davis, Sara McCormick

2005-01-01

291

The Impact of a Reflective Thinking Intervention on Nursing Students in a Child and Family Nursing Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the ever-changing healthcare systems, nursing students need to think at a high level by applying their knowledge from theory to the clinical setting by prioritizing, delegating, and problem solving to provide safe, competent, quality nursing care. Using action research, nursing students participated in R.A.V.E. (Reflective Thinking Allows…

Becherer, Vicky H.

2011-01-01

292

Student Success Courses in the Community College: An Exploratory Study of Student Perspectives. CCRC Working Paper No. 11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the Student Success course in two urban community colleges in the Northeast. Through analysis of student interview data, we find that the Student Success course helps students learn about the college, receive course advice, and develop stronger study skills. The course also acts as a catalyst for building important…

O'Gara, Lauren; Karp, Melinda Mechur; Hughes, Katherine L.

2008-01-01

293

Electronic Reflective Student Portfolios to Demonstrate Achievement of Ability-based Outcomes During Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences  

PubMed Central

Objectives To demonstrate achievement of ability-based outcomes through a structured review of electronic student portfolios in an advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) program. Design One hundred thirty-eight students produced electronic portfolios containing select work products from APPEs, including a self-assessment reflective essay that demonstrated achievement of course manual-specified ability-based outcomes. Assessment Through portfolio submissions, all students demonstrated the achievement of ability-based outcomes for providing pharmaceutical care, evaluating the literature, and managing the medication use system with patient case reports most frequently submitted. The rubric review of self-reflective essays addressed student learning through APPEs and continuing professional development plans. Conclusion The electronic portfolio with reflective essay proved to be a useful vehicle to demonstrate achievement of ability-based outcomes.

Hamilton, Robert A.

2010-01-01

294

The Uses of Student Market Segmentation Techniques in College Recruitment. AIR Forum Paper 1978.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student market segmentation separates prospective college students into subgroups with similar characteristics, the most commonly used being geography, demography, attitudes, and behavior. Recruitment efforts can then focus on student segments similar to the present student body or on other students that might be attracted. The goal is to make…

Spiro, Louis M.

295

The Uses of Student Market Segmentation Techniques in College Recruitment. AIR Forum Paper 1978.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Student market segmentation separates prospective college students into subgroups with similar characteristics, the most commonly used being geography, demography, attitudes, and behavior. Recruitment efforts can then focus on student segments similar to the present student body or on other students that might be attracted. The goal is to make…

Spiro, Louis M.

296

A word processor optimized for preparing journal articles and student papers.  

PubMed

A new Windows-based word processor for preparing journal articles and student papers is described. In addition to standard features found in word processors, the present word processor provides specific help in preparing manuscripts. Clicking on "Reference Help (APA Form)" in the "File" menu provides a detailed help system for entering the references in a journal article. Clicking on "Examples and Explanations of APA Form" provides a help system with examples of the various sections of a review article, journal article that has one experiment, or journal article that has two or more experiments. The word processor can automatically place the manuscript page header and page number at the top of each page using the form required by APA and Psychonomic Society journals. The "APA Form" submenu of the "Help" menu provides detailed information about how the word processor is optimized for preparing articles and papers. PMID:11816458

Wolach, A H; McHale, M A

2001-11-01

297

Modeling Student Outcomes: A Longitudinal Study. AIR 1997 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Longitudinal Student Success Study was a six-year study to identify factors associated with to student success at a large Eastern community college. The study focused on American Black students as one group of students likely to have different background characteristics and preparedness levels than what generally facilitates success at a…

Lanni, Joseph C.

298

State Profits on Tax-Exempt Student Loan Bonds: Analysis and Options. Background Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The source of profits earned by states as a result of tax-exempt bonds issued to raise funds for college student loans is analyzed, as are various proposals to reduce these profits. Background information about both student loan bond programs and student loans is presented, along with an explanation of how issuers of student loan bonds are able…

Gensheimer, Cynthia Francis

299

Persistence among Non-Traditional Hispanic College Students: A Causal Model. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined environmental and institutional factors affecting persistence of Hispanic college students. The sample of 324 first- and second-year students surveyed in the spring of 1995 included students who were enrolled in programs at a private, Illinois, bilingual junior college which were established to educate students who were older,…

Nora, Amaury; Kraemer, Barbara; Itzen, Richard

300

Assessing Transfer and Native Student Performance at Four-Year Institutions. AIR 1999 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the academic achievement and retention of transfer students and native students at one university on a class-by-class basis for: (1) returning native and returning transfer students and (2) returning native and new transfer students. These comparisons are intended to take into account expected lower freshman retention rates and…

Porter, Stephen

301

Developing Students' Reflections on the Function and Status of Mathematical Modeling in Different Scientific Practices: History as a Provider of Cases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mathematical models and mathematical modeling play different roles in the different areas and problems in which they are used. The function and status of mathematical modeling and models in the different areas depend on the scientific practice as well as the underlying philosophical and theoretical position held by the modeler(s) and the practitioners in the extra-mathematical domain. For students to experience the significance of different scientific practices and cultures for the function and status of mathematical modeling in other sciences, students need to be placed in didactical situations where such differences are exposed and made into explicit objects of their reflections. It can be difficult to create such situations in the teaching of contemporary science in which modeling is part of the culture. In this paper we show how history can serve as a means for students to be engaged in situations in which they can experience and be challenged to reflect upon and criticize, the use of modeling and the significance of the context for the function and status of modeling and models in scientific practices. We present Nicolas Rashevsky's model of cell division from the 1930s together with a discussion of disagreement between him and some biologists as one such episode from the past. We illustrate how a group of science students at Roskilde University, through their work with this historical case, experienced that different scientific cultures have different opinions of the value of a model as an instrument for gaining scientific knowledge; that the explanatory power of a model is linked not only to the context of its use, but also to the underlying philosophical and theoretical position held by the modeler(s) and the scientists discussing the model and its use. The episode's potential to challenge students to reflect upon and criticize the modeling process and the function of models in an extra mathematical domain is discussed with respect to the notions of internal and external reflections.

Kjeldsen, Tinne Hoff; Blomhøj, Morten

2012-10-01

302

Using a storyboarding technique in the classroom to address end of life experiences in practice and engage student nurses in deeper reflection.  

PubMed

This paper evaluates the use of storyboarding within a classroom setting as a means of addressing end of life issues and engaging second year student nurses in creative, critical thinking and deeper reflection on practice. Storyboarding is a process that was developed to encourage learners to use the creative right brain and the critical left brain to formulate ideas in front of a group and then to look at those ideas critically (Lottier, 1986). The session was evaluated using a questionnaire and group discussion to elicit perceived learning from students. The activity was to create the storyboards in small groups, then review the content generated by discussion with the whole group. Main themes identified by the students included breaking bad news, dealing with cardiac arrest situation, coping with families following bereavement and the dying patient. Evaluation of the teaching session suggested that students found storyboarding helped to identify cultural aspects and feelings related to the dying patient. Students valued sharing with each other and the opportunity to have their experiences heard. It was noted that although this method provided as valuable learning experience for the student it is staff and time intensive and attention is required to establish a climate of trust and safety. The risk of exposing unexpected emotions within individual students appears no greater than with other approaches to teaching about loss, death and dying. PMID:20880744

Lillyman, Sue; Gutteridge, Robin; Berridge, Pat

2010-09-29

303

Legal Implications of the Office Education Criteria for the Self-Supporting Student. Discussion Paper No. 222-74.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a legal analysis of the constitutionality of the Office of Education criteria for defining a self-supporting student. The criteria suggest a student cannot have been claimed as an income tax dependent, nor received more than $600, nor have lived at his parents home more than 14 consecutive days in the year for which aid is received…

Barkin, Thomas G.

304

Insuring Equity in Student Selection under Chapter 1. Research on Evaluation Program. Paper and Report Series No. 84.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes and illustrates a decision theory model to analyze student selection strategies in Chapter 1 programs. The relationship between the method and the practice of moral evaluation activity is based on viewing justice as a fundamental moral concern in distributing resources, one which is accomplished, in part, through student

Murray, Stephen L.; Braverman, Marc T.

305

Legal Implications of the Office Education Criteria for the Self-Supporting Student. Discussion Paper No. 222-74.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is a legal analysis of the constitutionality of the Office of Education criteria for defining a self-supporting student. The criteria suggest a student cannot have been claimed as an income tax dependent, nor received more than $600, nor have lived at his parents home more than 14 consecutive days in the year for which aid is received…

Barkin, Thomas G.

306

Student Transfer and Outcomes between Community Colleges and a University within an Urban Environment. AIR 1997 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the results of a collaboration between three local community colleges in Oregon, Clackamas Community College, Portland Community College, and Mount Hood Community College with Portland State University, to study student transfers among the institutions. Using a random sample of 504 students who had completed at least three…

Kinnick, Mary K.; Ricks, Mary F.; Bach, Susan; Walleri, Dan; Stoering, Juliette; Tapang, Belen

307

Teacher Incentives and Student Achievement: Evidence from New York City Public Schools. NBER Working Paper No. 16850  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Financial incentives for teachers to increase student performance is an increasingly popular education policy around the world. This paper describes a school-based randomized trial in over two-hundred New York City public schools designed to better understand the impact of teacher incentives on student achievement. I find no evidence that teacher…

Fryer, Roland G.

2011-01-01

308

Web-Based vs. Paper-Based Homework to Evaluate Students' Performance in Introductory Physics Courses and Students' Perceptions: Two Years Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of this study was to assess and compare undergraduate students' homework performance using a web-based testing system with paper-based, hand-graded one in introductory physics courses. Students' perceptions about each method were then investigated. Every semester during the two-year period, one of the two identical sections of…

Demirci, Neset

2010-01-01

309

Web-Based vs. Paper-Based Homework to Evaluate Students' Performance in Introductory Physics Courses and Students' Perceptions: Two Years Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The main aim of this study was to assess and compare undergraduate students' homework performance using a web-based testing system with paper-based, hand-graded one in introductory physics courses. Students' perceptions about each method were then investigated. Every semester during the two-year period, one of the two identical sections of…

Demirci, Neset

2010-01-01

310

Strategies for improving patient recruitment to focus groups in primary care: a case study reflective paper using an analytical framework  

PubMed Central

Background Recruiting to primary care studies is complex. With the current drive to increase numbers of patients involved in primary care studies, we need to know more about successful recruitment approaches. There is limited evidence on recruitment to focus group studies, particularly when no natural grouping exists and where participants do not regularly meet. The aim of this paper is to reflect on recruitment to a focus group study comparing the methods used with existing evidence using a resource for research recruitment, PROSPeR (Planning Recruitment Options: Strategies for Primary Care). Methods The focus group formed part of modelling a complex intervention in primary care in the Resources for Effective Sleep Treatment (REST) study. Despite a considered approach at the design stage, there were a number of difficulties with recruitment. The recruitment strategy and subsequent revisions are detailed. Results The researchers' modifications to recruitment, justifications and evidence from the literature in support of them are presented. Contrary evidence is used to analyse why some aspects were unsuccessful and evidence is used to suggest improvements. Recruitment to focus group studies should be considered in two distinct phases; getting potential participants to contact the researcher, and converting those contacts into attendance. The difficulty of recruitment in primary care is underemphasised in the literature especially where people do not regularly come together, typified by this case study of patients with sleep problems. Conclusion We recommend training GPs and nurses to recruit patients during consultations. Multiple recruitment methods should be employed from the outset and the need to build topic related non-financial incentives into the group meeting should be considered. Recruitment should be monitored regularly with barriers addressed iteratively as a study progresses.

2009-01-01

311

Reflective writing as a tool for assessing teamwork in bioscience: insights into student performance and understanding of teamwork.  

PubMed

To ensure a modern bioscience curriculum that responds to the current needs of stakeholders, there is a need to embed a range of generic capabilities that enables graduates to succeed in and contribute to a rapidly changing world, as well as building strong bioscience skills and knowledge. The curriculum must also prepare students for a rapidly evolving competitive work place and align with the needs of industry. This creates a challenge, how do we develop generic capabilities without losing discipline content. This report analyses teamwork projects embedded in an undergraduate Biotechnology degree designed to promote teamwork skills along with a deeper understanding of the underpinning biochemistry. Student reflective writing was used to capture students' understanding and experience of teamwork as well as provide insight into their metacognition. The analysis demonstrates that 73% of Year 3 and 93% of Year 4 students were capable of learning about teamwork through reflective writing. While the importance of frequent high quality communication was a common theme, evidence suggests that many students were unsophisticated in their use of communication software. The analysis also highlighted the depth of metacognition that underpins successful team function and the significant weaknesses in self-insight some students possess. These findings challenge assumptions regarding student capacity for leadership and the ability of some students to contribute to successful team outcomes. It is essential for the design of teamwork experiences to fully understand the competencies that underlie teamwork, the metacognitive processes required, and ensure that assessments are fair and measure individual academic performance. PMID:22807426

Mayne, Lynne

2012-06-18

312

More than Paper Load: What Does All This Student Work Tell Us?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Having faculty collaborative teams to evaluate student works is proposed in this article. The standards related to content and performance of student works should be agreed among team members. Team members should also be willing to implement change.

Garrison, Catherine

2006-02-01

313

Calculated calibration models for glucose in cutaneous tissue from temperature modulation of localized reflectance measurements (Invited Paper)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We used a temperature controlled localized reflectance optical probe to test the effect of distance source detector distance, temperature and wavelength on the calibration of localized reflectance signals versus glucose concentration. Successful calibration models were established. The data suggests that the interplay of source-detector distances, wavelengths and temperature may lead to selecting a defined subcutaneous volume, where the signal can correlate better with glucose.

Yen, Shu-jen; Kantor, Stan; Hanna, Charles F.; Hohs, Ronald; Lindberg, John; Khalil, Omar S.

2005-06-01

314

The Impact of No Child Left Behind on Student Achievement. NBER Working Paper No. 15531  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act compelled states to design school-accountability systems based on annual student assessments. The effect of this Federal legislation on the distribution of student achievement is a highly controversial but centrally important question. This study presents evidence on whether NCLB has influenced student

Dee, Thomas; Jacob, Brian

2009-01-01

315

The Effects of No Child Left Behind on School Services and Student Outcomes. Conference Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Under the "No Child Left Behind Act" (NCLB), in theory, schools on the margin for meeting AYP face strong short-term incentives to increase students' pass rates on specific exams, and may change their behavior accordingly. Using a comprehensive, national, school-level data set concerning schools' AYP status, student characteristics, and student

Reback, Randall; Rockoff, Jonah E.; Schwartz, Heather L.

2009-01-01

316

Are Student Ratings of Teacher Effectiveness Valid? IDEA Paper No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues pertaining to the validity of student ratings of teaching effectiveness are considered, and research results are evaluated. The following extraneous variables that affect student ratings but are not under the control or influence of the teacher are examined: class size, initial student motivation, academic field, teacher characteristics,…

Aubrecht, Judith D.

317

PASS Program (Project Assuring Student Success) [at] Mercy College of Northwest Ohio: An Unpublished Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Community colleges have many concerns over attrition and retention rates. Studies show that 50% of freshmen drop out before completion of a degree or certificate, and nearly half of all attending students are 25 years or older yet lack basic math, reading, and writing skills. Students experiencing learning difficulties, and older students such as…

Harter, James L.; Szurminski, Marlene

318

Straight Talk on Student Loans. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.10.04  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal government provides student loans for college and graduate school in two ways: by guaranteeing bank loans, and by lending directly to students. In the guaranteed loan program, banks lend students money and profit from the interest payments while the government guarantees the loans against default and makes subsidy payments to the…

Shireman, Robert

2004-01-01

319

Success in Cyberspace: Student Retention in Online Courses. AIR 2002 Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study addressed the relative dearth of data on student retention in distance education through archival and survey data on student retention in online courses at a large, comprehensive community college in the Northeast. The college's online program had been active for 5 years, and at the time of the study, encompassed nearly 4,000 student

Moore, Kathleen; Bartkovich, Jeffrey; Fetzner, Marie; Ison, Sherrill

320

An Internet-Based Summer Student Survey. AIR 2001 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A five-question Web-based summer school survey was designed to measure student motivation for taking summer classes. Web technology has several advantages, such as no printing, electronic notification, high student access potential, and automatic collection of data in digital form. Notification was sent to all enrolled students (N=19,837) based…

Rosenthal, Dan; Gottesman, Robert

321

Characteristics of Student Loan Defaulters among Different Racial and Ethnic Groups. AIR 1995 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the characteristics of students who default on their student loans and compared default among Whites, Asians, African Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans. Four logistic regression models were developed using information from the National Post-Secondary Student Aid Study which contains an array of pre-college, college,…

Volkwein, J. Fredericks; And Others

322

Industrial Actions in Schools: Strikes and Student Achievement. NBER Working Paper No. 16846  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While many jurisdictions ban teacher strikes on the assumption that they harm students, there is surprisingly little research on this question. The majority of existing studies make cross section comparisons of students who do or do not experience a strike, and report that strikes do not affect student performance. I present new estimates from a…

Baker, Michael

2011-01-01

323

OUTSTANDING PAPER FIRST RUNNER-UP AN EXPLORATORY STUDY OF BUSINESS STUDENTS' DISCRETIONARY SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY ORIENTATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

As future business leaders, students' values and belief system will influence the types of decisions they make regarding their organization's role in society. This study examined business students' Corporate Social Responsibility Orientation (CSRO) and their attitudes towards the discretionary component of CSR. The majority of business students have a high CSRO and also believe in the discretionary social responsibility component

Christopher Achua; Robert N. Lussier

324

Reflections of students graduating from a transforming medical curriculum in South Africa: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background The six year medical programme at the University of the Witwatersrand admits students into the programme through two routes – school entrants and graduate entrants. Graduates join the school entrants in the third year of study in a transformed curriculum called the Graduate Entry Medical Programme (GEMP). In years I and 2 of the GEMP, the curriculum is structured into system based blocks. Problem-based learning, using a three session format, is applied in these two years. The curriculum adopts a biopsychosocial approach to health care, which is implemented through spiral teaching and learning in four main themes – basic and clinical sciences, patient-doctor, community- doctor and personal and professional development. In 2010 this programme produced its fifth cohort of graduates. Methods We undertook a qualitative, descriptive and contextual study to explore the graduating students’ perceptions of the programme. Interviews were conducted with a total of 35 participants who volunteered to participate in the study. The majority of the participants interviewed participated in focus group discussions. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically, using Tesch’s eight steps. Ethics approval for the study was obtained from the Human Research Ethics Committee of the University of the Witwatersrand. Participants provided written consent to participate in the interviews and for the interviews to be audio-taped. Results Six themes were identified. These were: two separate programmes, problem-based learning and Garmins® (navigation system), see patients for real, being seen as doctors, assessment: of mice and MCQ’s, a cry for support and personal growth and pride. Participants were vocal in their reflections of experiences encountered during the programme and made several insightful suggestions for curriculum transformation. The findings suggest that graduates are exiting the programme confident and ready to begin their internships. Conclusions The findings of this study have identified a number of areas which need attention in the curriculum. Specifically attention needs to be given to ensuring that assessment is standardized; student support structures and appropriate levels of teaching. The study demonstrated the value of qualitative methods in obtaining students’ perceptions of a curriculum.

2012-01-01

325

[Review and reflection on 2010' Hwato Cup National University Students' Acupuncture Manipulation Skills Competition].  

PubMed

The questionnaire and the result of 2010' Hwato Cup National University Students' Acupuncture Manipulation Skills Competition were analyzed in this paper. It was showed that the competition achieved the significant effects of enhancing acupuncture manipulation skills for the university students and promoting the standardization on teaching acupuncture manipulation skills. The teachers and students were not very satisfied with the current acupuncture manipulation skill education. In the competition, only the item of reciting the classics achieved more than 90 scores, which just displayed the memory ability. The results of the manipulation competition were generally not very high. It is suggested that concerning to teaching acupuncture and moxibustion in the future, the ratio of class time for improving the practice ability on the human body should be increased and the practice on some manipulation techniques such as inserting the needle by holding the needle tip with the pressing hand, reinforcing-reducing technique by twirling and rotating the needle and warming needle technique should be intensified. It is necessary to enhance the interpretation, emphasis and supplementation on the keys and details of some manipulations of acupuncture and moxibustion. PMID:22493931

Kuai, Le; Qu, Xiao-Yi; Zhang, Hai-Meng; Zhang, Ting-Ting; Xu, Jian-Min; Shen, Xue-Yong

2012-02-01

326

Geriatric palliative care: do medical students' narrative reflections after a hospice clinical experience link to geriatric competencies?  

PubMed

Since the Association of American Medical Colleges geriatric competencies were released, educators are striving to incorporate them into medical student curricula. The purpose of this study is to examine medical students' reflections after an interdisciplinary, hospice staff-precepted clinical experience, and whether these reflections relate to the geriatric competencies which focus on palliative care. From July 2010 to June 2011, 155 2nd- and 3rd-year medical students participated in a required, half-day hospice experience, with 120 (77%) submitting narrative reflections for analysis. The narratives were analyzed using the constant comparative method associated with grounded theory, followed by consensus-building in an iterative process, to identify themes. Six themes were identified from the analysis of student narratives: demonstrating a new or expanded knowledge of hospice care (79%, 95/120), developing new insights about self and others (74%, 89/120), changing attitudes toward hospice care (63%, 76/120), linking patient needs with appropriate team members (43%, 52/120), understanding patient goals of care (43%, 51/120), and discussing palliative care as a treatment option (27%, 32/120). The authors conclude that a brief, interdisciplinary, hospice staff-precepted clinical experience is an effective model to inspire medical students to reflect on geriatric palliative care. Students clearly reflected on the geriatric palliative care competencies of symptom assessment and management, and gained insight into the role of the hospice team members and how hospice care can be a positive treatment option. Future educators should think about building on this type of high impact learning experience, and developing items to measure application of knowledge gained. PMID:23972213

Corcoran, Amy M; True, Gala; Charles, Natasha; Margo, Katherine L

2013-08-25

327

Reading Reflections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Reading reflections are designed to encourage students to complete readings before coming to class, to reflect more deeply on the content of the reading, to make personal meaning from the meaning, and to develop their metacognitive skills for lifelong learning. The reflections consist of three questions: (1) What is the main point of the reading?, (2) What information did you find surprising? Why?, and (3) What did you find confusing? Why? Students submit short responses to two of three questions prior to coming to class. Metacognitive components of the activity Reading reflections address many elements of metacognition, including knowledge, control, and reflection. Reading reflections are designed to help students develop knowledge about themselves as learners, learning tasks (reading), prior knowledge, content, self-monitoring, self-assessment, and reflection. Metacognitive goals The primary goals of this activity are to help students develop their skills of self-assessment, and to reflect more deeply on the content of their reading assignments. Reflective thinking is an essential element of expert learners, so this activity helps students develop skills as intentional learners for lifelong learning. Assessing students' metacognition Reading reflections (n = 35 in a typical semester) count for approximately 10% of the course grade. I do not grade these reflections, but give students credit if they are turned in on time (before class) and if they clearly demonstrate significant reflection.

Wirth, Karl

328

Analysis of the Reflections of Student-Teachers of Mathematics When Working with Learning Portfolios in Spanish University Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research in teacher-training counsels that reflection should be fostered in order to prepare capable professionals for educational practice. For this reason, a teaching-learning process for training mathematics student-teachers in Spanish university classrooms incorporating an assessment system that included keeping a learning portfolio was…

Chamoso, J. M.; Caceres, M. J.

2009-01-01

329

Children's Reactions to Katrina and Rita: A Ph.D. Student's Reflection after Observing His Own Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A graduate student in early childhood education discusses observations of his children during and after Hurricanes Rita and Katrina struck the Gulf Coast. He relates his use of responsive parenting and provides examples of his children's learning and play that emerged after the storms. He reflects upon how aspects of developmentally appropriate…

Durham, R. Sean

2007-01-01

330

Reflecting Reflective Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper demystifies reflective practice on teaching by focusing on the idea of reflection itself and how it has been conceived by two philosophers, Plato and Irigaray. It argues that reflective practice has become a standardized method of defining the teacher in teacher education and teacher accreditation systems. It explores how practices of…

Galea, Simone

2012-01-01

331

Enhancing Students' Conceptual Understanding by Engaging Science Text with Reflective Writing as a Hermeneutical Circle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students can have great difficulty reading scientific texts and trying to cope with the professor in the classroom. Part of the reason for students' difficulties is that for a student taking a science gateway course the language, ontology and epistemology of science are akin to a foreign culture. There is thus an analogy between such a student and an anthropologist

Calvin S. Kalman

2011-01-01

332

Reflections of Single Turkish International Graduate Students: Studies on Life at a Midwestern University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The research was guided by the research question: How do full-time single Turkish international graduate students conceptualize their experiences as international students? Participants in the study included three doctoral students and three master's students who participated in a series of semi-structured interviews. The data was transcribed and…

Burkholder, Jessica Reno

2010-01-01

333

Enhancing Students' Conceptual Understanding by Engaging Science Text with Reflective Writing as a Hermeneutical Circle  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students can have great difficulty reading scientific texts and trying to cope with the professor in the classroom. Part of the reason for students' difficulties is that for a student taking a science gateway course the language, ontology and epistemology of science are akin to a foreign culture. There is thus an analogy between such a student

Kalman, Calvin S.

2011-01-01

334

Reflections of Single Turkish International Graduate Students: Studies on Life at a Midwestern University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research was guided by the research question: How do full-time single Turkish international graduate students conceptualize their experiences as international students? Participants in the study included three doctoral students and three master's students who participated in a series of semi-structured interviews. The data was transcribed and…

Burkholder, Jessica Reno

2010-01-01

335

Students' Suggestions for Improving Their Vocational Education and Training Experience. Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An analysis of student verbatim responses in the Student Outcomes Survey provides suggestions for how the vocational education and training (VET) system could be improved. Eight major domains are discussed: course relevance and design; staff attributes and behaviours; teaching and learning practices; access to courses; facilities and services;…

Misko, Josie; Priest, Suellen

2009-01-01

336

Evaluating Student Outcomes at For-Profit Colleges. NBER Working Paper No. 18201  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using the Beginning Postsecondary Student Survey, we examine the effect on earnings of obtaining certificates/degrees from for-profit, not-for-profit, and public institutions. Students who enter certificate programs at any type of institution do not gain from earning a certificate. However, among those entering associates degree programs, there…

Lang, Kevin; Weinstein, Russell

2012-01-01

337

Scaling the Digital Divide: Home Computer Technology and Student Achievement. NBER Working Paper No. 16078  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Does differential access to computer technology at home compound the educational disparities between rich and poor? Would a program of government provision of computers to early secondary school students reduce these disparities? We use administrative data on North Carolina public school students to corroborate earlier surveys that document broad…

Vigdor, Jacob L.; Ladd, Helen F.

2010-01-01

338

A Contextualized Intervention for Community College Developmental Reading and Writing Students. CCRC Working Paper No. 38  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructors in community college developmental education programs are constantly seeking new ways to improve outcomes for their students, but, to date, there has been a shortage of empirical studies on the effectiveness of such efforts. The current study provides evidence on the potential efficacy of an approach to helping students develop an…

Perin, Dolores; Bork, Rachel Hare; Peverly, Stephen T.; Mason, Linda H.; Vaselewski, Megan

2011-01-01

339

Are You Spoon-Feeding Your Students? A Paper on Facilitating a Collaborative Learning Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to curb high first-year attrition rates and to motivate students from a state of passive learning to one of active participation, Bergen Community College implemented a program of peer teaching-learning and group inquiry strategies in a preclinical dental hygiene course. To determine freshman students' learning styles, the following…

Drew, Claudine Paula

340

Promoting Student Success: Small Steps Campuses Can Take. Occasional Paper No. 9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Colleges and universities can increase the number of students who graduate by making a number of small, strategic changes in institutional policies and practices. Some schools have done this by focusing on effective educational practices and empowering faculty, staff and students to work together in new, productive ways. Others have improved the…

El Khawas, Elaine

2005-01-01

341

A Comparative Analysis of the Economic Benefits of Nonresident Students. AIR 1986 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The economic contribution of nonresident college students to West Virginia's economy was examined. Comparisons were also made to the economic costs and benefits to the state of visitors to the state's parks system. The economic benefits of nonresident students on the West Virginia economy was estimated by summing the approximated effects of three…

Smith, Edwin R.; Bissonnette, Kathleen K.

342

"Weighing It Up": A Case Study of Discontinuing Access Students. Occasional Papers Series: No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Centre for Continuing Education and Stevenson College of Edinburgh University offer an access course to prepare nontraditional adult students for entry into degree courses in the faculties of arts, divinity, law, and social sciences. A qualitative case study examined why students discontinue the access course. Questionnaires were mailed to all…

Cullen, Mairi-Ann

343

College 101 Courses for Applied Learning and Student Success. CCRC Working Paper No. 49  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|College 101 courses--also called student success, introduction to college, orientation to college, or freshman experience courses--provide students with information about college and campus services, assistance with academic and career planning, and techniques to improve study habits and personal skills. This study investigated College 101…

Karp, Melinda Mechur; Bickerstaff, Susan; Rucks-Ahidiana, Zawadi; Bork, Rachel Hare; Barragan, Melissa; Edgecombe, Nikki

2012-01-01

344

Student Satisfaction Surveys: Measurements and Utilization Issues. AIR 1993 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student satisfaction surveys assess satisfaction with various facets of the university and includes key sets of questions on programs and services, university learning and social environment, university mission and values, educational preparation, transfer intent, general satisfaction, attitudes toward coursework, and student demographic…

Sanders, Liz; Chan, Susy

345

Teaching students about complexity: reflections about an interdisciplinary community service learning studio in East St Louis, Illinois  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching students to understand and fully engage various dimensions of dynamic urban complexity requires a pedagogy that imparts a deeper understanding than traditional lecture coursework. This paper presents a comprehensive set of class exercises and an evaluation of student learning related to urban complexity in the context of interdisciplinary service learning studios. Analyzing the processes and products employed in the

Lynne M. Dearborn; Stacy A. Harwood

2011-01-01

346

Critical Thinking and Reflection Exercises in a Biochemistry Course to Improve Prospective Health Professions Students' Attitudes Toward Physician-Pharmacist Collaboration  

PubMed Central

Objective. To determine the impact of performing critical-thinking and reflection assignments within interdisciplinary learning teams in a biochemistry course on pharmacy students’ and prospective health professions students’ collaboration scores. Design. Pharmacy students and prospective medical, dental, and other health professions students enrolled in a sequence of 2 required biochemistry courses. They were randomly assigned to interdisciplinary learning teams in which they were required to complete case assignments, thinking and reflection exercises, and a team service-learning project. Assessment. Students were asked to complete the Scale of Attitudes Toward Physician-Pharmacist Collaboration prior to the first course, following the first course, and following the second course. The physician-pharmacist collaboration scores of prospective health professions students increased significantly (p<0.001). Conclusions. Having prospective health professions students work in teams with pharmacy students to think and reflect in and outside the classroom improves their attitudes toward physician-pharmacist collaboration.

Cornell, Susan; Fjortoft, Nancy; Bjork, Bryan C.; Chandar, Nalini; Green, Jacalyn M.; La Salle, Sophie; Viselli, Susan M.; Burdick, Paulette; Lynch, Sean M.

2013-01-01

347

The role of reflective practices in enabling final year nursing students to respond to the distressing emotional challenges of nursing work.  

PubMed

Drawing on the findings of a phenomenological study which sought to understand something more about the lived experience of final year nursing students of learning through reflective processes; this paper seeks to consider how engagement with reflective practices enabled the participants to manage the distressing emotional challenges and labour of nursing work. Choosing to pay attention to the affective domain appeared to enable the participants to better understand the complex nature of the emotional challenges of nursing work and what it meant to them personally to be a nurse. Some of the participants were proud to describe how reflective activity had enabled them to develop and justify a 'traditional' emotional detachment from their care, whilst others used the 'own knowing' developed through reflective activity to reject the notion of professional detachment and come to value a more embodied sense of care which inevitably led them to become entangled in the distress and suffering of their patients. This type of personal reflective learning may emphasise and value more humanising characteristics of care. PMID:22854313

Rees, Karen L

2012-07-31

348

Bullying and Students with Disabilities: A Briefing Paper from the National Council on Disability.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Like bullying in general, bullying of students with disabilities represents both a civil rights and public health challenge. Amongst the possible effects of bullying the U.S. Department of Education includes lowered academic achievement and aspirations, i...

2011-01-01

349

A Pedagogical Strategy to Facilitate Interdisciplinary Reflective Thinking and Practice in Rehabilitation Counseling Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Simultaneous calls have been issued for reflective thinking and interdisciplinary collaboration in the teaching and the practice of rehabilitation counseling. This article introduces a learning tool, Fanciful Reflections, which can serve as a stimulus in such endeavors. Classroom and in-the-field applications of "fanciful reflecting" are provided…

Case, Jan; Backes, Erica; Babu, Sonica; White, Ashley; Jennings, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

350

Time to think? Primary school teacher students reflecting on their MA thesis research processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study is to investigate reflective processes which take place in primary school teacher education, especially when conducting research for a masters thesis and reflecting on that process. Written reflection has been studied widely, but the point of view taken in this research seems to be new. This research seeks to answer two questions: (1) What kind

Katriina Maaranen; Leena Krokfors

2007-01-01

351

Fostering reflective practice: self-assessment abilities of physical therapy students and entry-level graduates.  

PubMed

Adopting the American Physical Therapy Association Clinical Performance Instrument, physical therapy (PT) interns are required to self-assess, hence the need for development of self-assessment abilities. The purpose of this research was threefold: (1) to develop an interview guide instrument to gather qualitative data, (2) to investigate the experience of self-assessment of PT students and new graduates, and (3) to identify training needs and propose a plan to incorporate self-assessment for PT lifelong learners. This study evaluated the self-assessment abilities of PT learners by investigating the following self-assessment components: (1) abilities and skills, (2) barriers and/or support, (3) training needs, and (4) essential elements for development. The sample consisted of 11 PT learners and internal and external evaluative committee members. Qualitative and evaluative methods were implemented to generate data addressing research questions related to (1) interview instrumentation; (2) self-assessment, with data gathering through semistructured interviews; and (3) evaluative examination of the plan to incorporate self-assessment. Data were analyzed for emerging codes and themes, synthesized, and recontextualized. Formative and summative evaluative committees validated the interview guide instrument and proposed plan for incorporation of self-assessment. Core themes emerged pertaining to specific aspects of self-assessment, including requirements, areas for improvement, motivational and promotion factors, and activities that facilitate self-assessment. Participants exhibited self-assessment abilities, encountering obstacles and support, important to health care professionals, educators, and clinical faculty. Training needs were identified for PT learners and for clinical and academic faculty. These findings parallel with Schön's concept of reflective practice and Bandura's social learning theory. The self-assessment plan includes practice improvement components viable for health professions education. PMID:16615294

Musolino, Gina Maria

2006-01-01

352

Enhancing Students’ Conceptual Understanding by Engaging Science Text with Reflective Writing as a Hermeneutical Circle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students can have great difficulty reading scientific texts and trying to cope with the professor in the classroom. Part of\\u000a the reason for students’ difficulties is that for a student taking a science gateway course the language, ontology and epistemology\\u000a of science are akin to a foreign culture. There is thus an analogy between such a student and an anthropologist

Calvin S. Kalman

2011-01-01

353

Small-Group Reflections: Parallels Between Teacher Discourse and Student Behavior in Peer-Directed Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research on small-group collaboration identifies several behaviors that significantly predict student learning, such as exchanging explanations and applying help received. Previous reports focus on student behavior to understand why many students do not engage in behaviors predictive of learning, leaving unexplored how teachers may influence…

Webb, Noreen M.; Nemer, Kariane Mari; Ing, Marsha

2006-01-01

354

Succeeding in School: The Online Reflections of Native American and Other Minority Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This phenomenological study of students' online responses to the Succeeding in School program offers rare insight into how Native American and other minority students perceived and experienced their school environment. Students' strategies regarding behavior and attitude changes they would use to improve their success and counseling implications…

Zyromski, Brett; Bryant, Alfred, Jr.; Gerler, Edwin R., Jr.

2011-01-01

355

Succeeding in School: The Online Reflections of Native American and Other Minority Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This phenomenological study of students' online responses to the Succeeding in School program offers rare insight into how Native American and other minority students perceived and experienced their school environment. Students' strategies regarding behavior and attitude changes they would use to improve their success and counseling implications…

Zyromski, Brett; Bryant, Alfred, Jr.; Gerler, Edwin R., Jr.

2011-01-01

356

Historical Constructions: How Social Studies Student Teachers' Historical Thinking is Reflected in Their Writing of History  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do current social studies student teachers think about and write historical narratives? This question was explored through an examination of student teachers' historical thinking, use of sources and writing. Specifically, this inquiry focused on social studies student teachers' construction of historical accounts through their use of multiple sources of information relating to the dropping of the atomic bomb on

Chara Haeussler Bohan; O. L. Davis Jr

1998-01-01

357

Student Autonomy and Reflections on Researching and Writing the Undergraduate Dissertation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The dissertation is often promoted as a means of advancing autonomous learning. It is said to offer the potential for students to move along a continuum from dependence to independence. This research used interviews with a small sample of students to obtain a better understanding of the way students approach the dissertation process. The study…

Greenbank, Paul; Penketh, Claire

2009-01-01

358

Adaptation and psychometric properties of the student career construction inventory for a Portuguese sample: formative and reflective constructs.  

PubMed

The adaptation of the student career construction inventory was carried out with a Portuguese sample of 356 first-year economics, management, psychology, nursing, nutrition sciences, bio-engineering, and biosciences students (244 women, 112 men; M age = 19.4, SD = 4.4) in the Catholic University of Portugal, Porto. Confirmatory factorial analysis supported the prior structure of the reflective models, with acceptable fit indexes. Internal consistency coefficients for the scales were poor to acceptable (.51 to .89). The formative nature of career adaptability was supported in a complex model identified by structural relations for which the fit indexes were weak but acceptable for a preliminary study. PMID:23402052

Rocha, Magda; Guimarães, Maria Isabel

2012-12-01

359

Let's Reflect  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity allows students to investigate line symmetry and reflections. Using a mirror, students locate the lines of symmetry. in a square and then proceed to find other shapes by reflecting parts of the square. Ideas for implementation, extension and support are included along with a printable worksheet of squares (.doc)

2003-08-01

360

Four-Year College Students' Use of the Community College: A Middle-Class Takeover? ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper questions the effects of middle-class student enrollment on the historical institutional mission of community colleges--offering access to higher education to groups who might otherwise not be able to attend college. Because higher education is viewed as a public good that also contributes to individual socioeconomic mobility, the…

Townsend, Barbara K.

361

Reading List for Students in Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works on Paper and on Photographs. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This 1980 bibliography is designed to assist students of paper conservation by supplying a cross-section of conservation literature. The literature includes subject-matter information and data concerning the authors of that information. Accessibility of the literature has been considered with obscure sources and foreign language sources scanted.…

Clapp, Anne F., Comp.; And Others

362

The Gateway to the Profession: Assessing Teacher Preparation Programs Based on Student Achievement. CEDR Working Paper 2012-4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With teacher quality repeatedly cited as the most important "schooling" factor influencing student achievement, there has been increased interest in examining the efficacy of teacher training programs. This paper presents the results of research investigating the relationship between teachers who graduate from different training programs and…

Goldhaber, Dan; Liddle, Stephanie; Theobald, Roddy

2012-01-01

363

The Effect of Performance-Pay in Little Rock, Arkansas on Student Achievement. Working Paper 2008-02  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines evidence from a performance-pay program implemented in five Little Rock, Arkansas elementary schools between 2004 and 2007. Using a differences-in-differences approach, the evidence shows that students whose teachers were eligible for performance pay made substantially larger test score gains in math, reading, and language…

Winters, Marcus; Greene, Jay P.; Ritter, Gary; Marsh, Ryan

2008-01-01

364

Organizing Schools to Improve Student Achievement: Start Times, Grade Configurations, and Teacher Assignments. Discussion Paper 2011-08  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education reform proposals are often based on high-profile or dramatic policy changes, many of which are expensive, politically controversial, or both. In this paper, we argue that the debates over these "flashy" policies have obscured a potentially important direction for raising student performance--namely, reforms to the management or…

Jacob, Brian A.; Rockoff, Jonah E.

2011-01-01

365

College as Country Club: Do Colleges Cater to Students' Preferences for Consumption? NBER Working Paper No. 18745  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper investigates whether demand-side market pressure explains colleges' decisions to provide consumption amenities to their students. We estimate a discrete choice model of college demand using micro data from the high school classes of 1992 and 2004, matched to extensive information on all four year colleges in the U.S. We find that most…

Jacob, Brian; McCall, Brian; Stange, Kevin M.

2013-01-01

366

Integrating a structured ethical reflection curriculum into high school community service experiences: impact on students' sociomoral development.  

PubMed

It is widely accepted within the field of community service that reflection is an important factor in promoting personal and sociomoral development. The purpose of this research was to determine if a particular form of reflection--decision making with an emphasis on the ethical nature of community service--has special value in achieving service-learning goals. Three dimensions of adolescent identity development served as dependent variables: agency, social relatedness, and moral-political awareness. Four hundred seventy-six high school students were assessed on the dependent variables before and after experiencing one of three conditions: community service with an ethical reasoning component; community service with reflection, but without an ethical reasoning component; and no community service (control). After one semester, it was found that students in the first condition (ethical decision making curriculum integrated into the community service program) made greater advances on all three dimensions of identity formation when compared with students in the other two conditions. Specifically, it was found that they became more systematic in their ethical reasoning and more likely to consider situations and issues from an ethical point of view. PMID:11407634

Leming, J S

2001-01-01

367

New Evidence of Success for Community College Remedial English Students: Tracking the Outcomes of Students in the Accelerated Learning Program (ALP). CCRC Working Paper No. 53  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings from a follow-up quantitative analysis of the Community College of Baltimore County's Accelerated Learning Program (ALP). The results suggest that among students who enroll in the highest level developmental writing course, participation in ALP is associated with substantially better outcomes in terms of English…

Cho, Sung-Woo; Kopko, Elizabeth; Jenkins, Davis; Jaggars, Shanna Smith

2012-01-01

368

Multicriteria Analysis: Managing Complexity in Selecting a Student-Information System. AIR 1988 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seattle University recently decided to replace three separate, computerized student-information systems with a single, integrated system. The complexity of this decision was managed with a multicriteria method that was used to evaluate alternative systems. The method took into account the many and sometimes conflicting concerns of the people who…

Blanchard, William; And Others

369

Considerations of Learning in the Workplace in Quebec: Pulp and Paper Students' Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study identified students' perspectives on quality and nature of learning achieved in a vocational program using a cooperative learning approach. The theoretical framework for analysis of the implementation of a vocational program included Lave and Wenger's (1991) concept of situated learning and the Guile and Griffiths' (2001) model of work…

Savoie-Zajc, Lorraine; Dolbec, Andre

370

"Research Papers Have Always Seemed Very Daunting": Information Literacy Narratives and the Student Research Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Taking an interdisciplinary approach that draws on narrative theory, composition scholarship, and investigations into the affective dimensions of the research process, this article discusses stories written by college students about their experiences locating, evaluating, and using information in the context of academic research. These narratives…

Detmering, Robert; Johnson, Anna Marie

2012-01-01

371

Promising Futures: ESL Standards for Pre-K-12 Students. TESOL Professional Papers #1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The guide is written for English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) and bilingual education specialists, classroom teachers, building administrators, and parents. It outlines the vision of the Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) for the effective education of elementary and secondary school ESL students, and presents a framework…

Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages, Inc., Alexandria, VA.

372

The Student Rights Issue: The Strategy for the Prevention of Genocide. Position Paper No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Education for black children in the United States is still an education for slavery. Public education for the oppressed has one objective: to destroy the positive self-image of black children. The destruction of self-image is necessary to destroy motivation in black children. This makes the climate ripe for genocide. The core of the student

Thomas, Arthur E.

373

A Culture-Change Approach to School Discipline: Reaction Paper to "School Organization and Student Behavior".  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Organizational changes, within the existing structure of public schooling, have the potential to decrease the oppositional behavior of students and to foster humane, positive learning and working enviroments. It has been documented that managers can create organizational structures that promote positive behaviors and facilitate people's…

Purkey, Stewart C.

374

Students' Pre-College Preparation for a Diverse Democracy. AIR 2001 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study focused on how students' precollege experiences predisposed them to three democratic outcomes: (1) ability to see the world from someone else's point of view; (2) beliefs about whether conflict enhances democracy; and (3) views about the importance of engaging in social action activities. Data from three flagship universities were…

Hurtado, Sylvia; Engberg, Mark; Landreman, Lisa; Ponjuan, Luis

375

The "Public Curriculum" of Colleges and Universities and the Experience of Students. Briefing Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The gulf between published descriptions of curriculum and the actual experience of students reveals lapses in the intentional pursuit of planned outcomes in many colleges. Few institutions follow a clear path in their curricular planning from overall mission through general education goals, to course design, to assessing learning outcomes. Most…

Shoenberg, Robert

376

Bullying and Students with Disabilities: A Briefing Paper from the National Council on Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like bullying in general, bullying of students with disabilities represents both a civil rights and public health challenge. Amongst the possible effects of bullying the U.S. Department of Education (DOE, 2010) includes lowered academic achievement and aspirations, increased anxiety, loss of self-esteem and confidence, depression and…

Young, Jonathan; Ne'eman, Ari; Gelser, Sara

2012-01-01

377

Funding for English as a Second Language New Arrival Students. Schools Resourcing Taskforce Discussion Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|At the 18th meeting of Ministerial Council on Education (MCEETYA) (12th-13th May 2005), Council urged the Australian Government to: (1) increase per capita assistance to ESL-NA students with high educational needs, in particular, refugees and humanitarian entrants; (2) provide a new per capita allocation so that specific ethnic and cultural…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2006

2006-01-01

378

Student Attitudes to Radio. I.E.T. Papers on Broadcasting; Number 108.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes a study conducted by the Audio-Visual Media Research Group of the Open University to investigate student attitudes, over time, to the value of radio as a course component. Results of a January 1979 survey using a questionnaire are re...

D. H. Brown

1979-01-01

379

Developing Student Creativity in Geography Classes: Four "How to Do It" Papers for Classroom Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four lessons for secondary school geography instruction focus on creative thinking through generating alternatives, imagining consequences, generating analogies, and creating products. In lesson 1 students lay out alternatives to solving a problem and decide the best course of action. Suggested activities include consideration of alternatives in…

Wragg, Paul H.; Allen, Rodney F.

380

Impact of the Older Student on Undergraduate Enrollment. SAIR Conference Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enrollment and retention trends during 1977-1981 for undergraduate nontraditional (age 25 and older) students at West Virginia University (WVU) were studied. During the 5-year period, the number of nontraditional undergraduates increased over 23 percent, while total undergraduate enrollment remained relatively stable. Nationally, females represent…

Kayla, Carol A.; And Others

381

Are Big-Time Sports a Threat to Student Achievement? NBER Working Paper No. 17677  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We consider the relationship between collegiate-football success and non-athlete student performance. We find that the team's success significantly reduces male grades relative to female grades. This phenomenon is only present in fall quarters, which coincides with the football season. Using survey data, we find that males are more likely than…

Lindo, Jason M.; Swensen, Isaac D.; Waddell, Glen R.

2011-01-01

382

A Student Experience in the Research University (SERU) Project Research Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data on upper-division students in the University of California system, we show that two distinct cultures of engagement exist on campus. The culture of engagement in the arts, humanities and social sciences focuses on interaction, participation, and interest in ideas. The culture of engagement in the natural sciences and engineering focuses on improvement of quantitative skills through collaborative study

Allison M. Cantwell; Robert A. Hannerman

383

Recruitment and Retention of Adult Basic Education Students. NAAESC Occasional Papers, Volume 1, Number 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Ideally, the total adult basic education (ABE) staff--administrators, support staff, and instructors--promote recruitment and retention activities. To aid recruitment the total staff should become well known in the community and work closely with community groups, provide tours and an open house, offer student orientation, recruit honestly and…

Ratcliff, Sandra

384

Student Traceback Model: An Essay on Institutional Research Methodology. AIR Forum 1979 Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The student traceback model is described and is used to demonstrate various concepts relative to institutional research methodology. The methodology of the problem-solving institutional researcher includes a wide spectrum of how-to's: how to anticipate issues in higher education and estimate their practical institutional impact; how to develop…

Sheehan, Bernard S.; Hillman, Barbara J.

385

University Students' Strategies for Constructing Hypothesis When Tackling Paper-and-Pencil Tasks in Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study we present tries to explore how first year engineering students formulate hypotheses in order to construct their own problem solving structure when confronted with problems in physics. Under the constructivistic perspective of the teaching-learning process, the formulation of hypotheses plays a key role in contrasting the coherence of…

Guisasola, Jenaro; Ceberio, Mikel; Zubimendi, Jose Luis

2006-01-01

386

The Relationship of Student Loan Default to Individual and Campus Characteristics. AIR 1994 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addressed the question of whether student loan repayment and default behaviors are more highly related to the characteristics of the college attended or to the characteristics of the aid recipient. The model for the study was based on theories of human capital and public subsidy, ability to pay perspectives, organizational…

Volkwein, J. Fredericks; Szelest, Bruce P.

387

Student Financial Aid and Choice of Undergraduate Major. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study evaluated whether the use of educational loans has an impact upon student choice of majors. In addition, the study demonstrated that the statistical technique of two-stage least squares can be appropriately used with educational data when reciprocal causation exists in the theoretical model. It was hypothesized that, since a majority…

Zito, Eileen H.

388

Binge Drinking and Risky Sex among College Students. NBER Working Paper No. 15953  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the relationship between binge drinking and sexual behavior in nationally representative data on age 18-24 four-year college students. For having sex, overall or without condoms, large and significant positive associations are eliminated upon holding constant proxies for time-invariant sexual activity and drinking preferences.…

DeSimone, Jeffrey S.

2010-01-01

389

Promoting Inquiry through Science Reflective Journal Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this research paper is to detail how reflective journal writing can be used to facilitate science students' curiosity and engagement in laboratory work. This study advocates reflective journal writing as an instructional tool and a student-created learning resource that can serve additional formative assessment purposes. The…

Towndrow, Phillip Alexander; Ling, Tan Aik; Venthan, A. M.

2008-01-01

390

Reflections from a Working-Class Scholar Who Resists and Embraces Scholarship in Mathematics Education. Working Paper No. 32  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the author describes, from a personal standpoint, the highlights of her most relevant studies on the topic of reform and resistance in mathematics education. Having moved from being a working-class kid to a tenured professor, the author hopes that by sharing her observations and advice, others on a similar path might have a smoother…

Lubienski, Sarah Theule

2006-01-01

391

Strategies for improving patient recruitment to focus groups in primary care: a case study reflective paper using an analytical framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Recruiting to primary care studies is complex. With the current drive to increase numbers of patients involved in primary care studies, we need to know more about successful recruitment approaches. There is limited evidence on recruitment to focus group studies, particularly when no natural grouping exists and where participants do not regularly meet. The aim of this paper is

Jane V Dyas; Tanefa Apekey; Michelle Tilling; A Niroshan Siriwardena

2009-01-01

392

Paper Quilts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this unit, students investigate fractional parts of the whole and use translations, reflections, rotations, and line symmetry to make four-part quilt squares. Students have a practical context for using the mathematical terms associated with divisions of the square, transformations, and symmetries. Suggestions for implementation and extensions are included.

2011-01-01

393

Improving student learning on a midwifery education programme by using a benchmark course portfolio as a means of reflection and peer review.  

PubMed

The idea of scholarship within disciplines has long been discussed in the relevant literature. The concept of scholarship in teaching and learning has its foundations in Boyer's (1990) seminal work Scholarship Reconsidered. In this, Boyer made the case for teaching to be enhanced and made public and to be credited with equal weight as research activity within academic institutions. The activities of teaching and learning are truly academia's raison d'être however they get obscured in the mists of the importance placed on research activity. To this end it is vital that educators begin to critically examine their teaching to fully inform research and practice. One of the lenses through which this can be done is through the act of reflection. Reflection on action as a process first described by Schön in 1983 (Schön, 2005) necessitates not only the critical examination of what we do but also what are the underlying assumptions about why we do what we do. The paper outlines such reflective portfolio submitted as part requirement for Postgraduate Diploma in Teaching and Learning in Higher Education. It examines student midwives learning using the reflective lens of the benchmark course portfolio. PMID:22520241

Murphy, Margaret M; Hughes, Mary; Sullivan, Cathy O

2012-04-18

394

An appraisal of students' awareness of "self-reflection" in a first-year pathology course of undergraduate medical/dental education  

PubMed Central

Background Self-reflection and reflective practice are increasingly considered as essential attributes of competent professionals functioning in complex and ever-changing healthcare systems of the 21st century. The aim of this study was to determine the extent of students' awareness and understanding of the reflective process and the meaning of 'self-reflection' within the contextual framework of their learning environment in the first-year of their medical/dental education. We endorse that the introduction of such explicit educational tasks at this early stage enhances and promotes students' awareness, understanding, and proficiency of this skill in their continuing life-long health professional learning. Methods Over two years, students registered in first-year pathology at the University of Saskatchewan were introduced to a self-reflection assignment which comprised in the submission of a one-page reflective document to a template of reflective questions provided in the given context of their learning environment. This was a mandatory but ungraded component at the midterm and final examinations. These documents were individually analyzed and thematically categorized to a "5 levels-of-reflection-awareness" scale using a specially-designed rubric based on the accepted major theories of reflection that included students' identification of: 1) personal abilities, 2) personal learning styles 3) relationships between course material and student history 4) emotional responses and 5) future applications. Results 410 self-reflection documents were analyzed. The student self-awareness on personal learning style (72.7% level 3+) and course content (55.2% level 3+) were well-reflected. Reflections at a level 1 awareness included identification of a) specific teaching strategies utilized to enhance learning (58.4%), b) personal strengths/weaknesses (53%), and c) emotional responses, values, and beliefs (71.5%). Students' abilities to connect information to life experiences and to future events with understanding were more evenly distributed across all 5 levels of reflection-awareness. Conclusions Exposure to self-reflection assignments in the early years of undergraduate medical education increases student awareness and promotes the creation of personal meaning of one's reactions, values, and premises in the context of student learning environments. Early introduction with repetition to such cognitive processes as practice tools increases engagement in reflection that may facilitate proficiency in mastering this competency leading to the creation of future reflective health professionals.

2011-01-01

395

The Most Common Habits from more than 200 English Papers written by Graduate Chinese Engineering Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents some of the most common Chinese-English habits observed from over two hundred English technical papers by Chinese writers. The habits are explained and in most cases, example text from an actual paper is given along with preferred text. An attempt is made to explain how to correct and prevent such mistakes. In some cases a possible explanation

Felicia Brittman

396

Students' Representations of Scientific Practice during a Science Internship: Reflections from an Activity-Theoretic Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Working at scientists' elbows is one suggestion that educators make to improve science education, because such "authentic experiences" provide students with various types of science knowledge. However, there is an ongoing debate in the literature about the assumption that authentic science activities can enhance students' understandings of…

Hsu, Pei-Ling; van Eijck, Michiel; Roth, Wolff-Michael

2010-01-01

397

The Reflection of CEC Standards Included in Student Teaching Handbooks: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student teaching handbooks from seven state-supported institutions of higher education that offered special education as a major in preservice teacher education programs were studied to determine the extent to which Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) standards for student teaching experiences were incorporated into teacher preparation…

Wilcox, Daryl; Putnam, Jon; Wigle, Stan; Jackson, Fay

398

Students as Citizens: Experiential Approaches to Reflective Thinking on Community Journalism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents an experimental instructional model for introducing journalism students to the advantages and disadvantages of traditional and civic journalism approaches so that they can make up their own minds about the controversy. Hopes to give students the knowledge that would help them succeed along whatever journalistic path they choose or…

Anyaegbunam, Chike; Ryan, Leland "Buck"

2003-01-01

399

An Interdisciplinary Student-Run Diabetes Clinic: Reflections on the Collaborative Training Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diabetes is a growing health concern in the United States. Because of the complexity of diabetes, researchers have found collaborative care for diabetic patients to be effective. The University of Nebraska Medical Center applied this approach in an interdisciplinary student-run clinic to provide treatment to low-income, noninsured, diabetic patients. Students who run this clinic are from a variety of disciplines,

W. D. Robinson; R. E. S. Barnacle; R. Pretorius; A. Paulman

2004-01-01

400

Experiential Learning Using Second Life[R]: A Content Analysis of Student Reflective Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Experiential learning allows students to connect previous experiences with new ideas. Second Life (SL) is a virtual world that allows students to simulate real-world experiences. SL was utilized as an educational tool in an agricultural risk and crisis communications course. Weekly journal entries pertaining to the SL simulation were analyzed to…

Leggette, Holli R.; Witt, Christy; Dooley, Kim E.; Rutherford, Tracy; Murphrey, Theresa Pesl; Doerfert, David; Edgar, Leslie D.

2012-01-01

401

Student Types as Reflection of Class Habitus: An Application of Bourdieu's Scholastic Fallacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Have college students become careerists rather than intellectuals? Are working-class students to blame for grade inflation, grade-grubbing, and the downscaling of the university's noble mission of educating the whole person? These assertions, although somewhat buried in a mass of facts and findings, are present in almost every research study on…

Hurst, Allison L.

2013-01-01

402

Effects of Teaching and Learning Styles on Students' Reflection Levels for Ubiquitous Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Ubiquitous learning (u-learning), in conjunction with supports from the digital world, is recognized as an effective approach for situating students in real-world learning environments. Earlier studies concerning u-learning have mainly focused on investigating the learning attitudes and learning achievements of students, while the causations such…

Hsieh, Sheng-Wen; Jang, Yu-Ruei; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Chen, Nian-Shing

2011-01-01

403

Tri-Fold Transformation: An International Adult Student's Reflections on Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Being an international English as a Second Language (ESL) graduate student from China studying in the U.S., the author has undergone various types of transformation. Taking her first online course is one poignant example in which multiple layers of transformation occurred. In hopes of easing the transformation of other international ESL students

Tan, Fujuan

2009-01-01

404

Theorizing Multidimensional Identity Negotiation: Reflections on the Lived Experiences of First-Generation College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Drawing from recent research on first-generation college (FGC) students, this chapter advances an interdisciplinary theoretical framework for understanding how these students enact multiple aspects of their personal, cultural, and social identities. I use dialectical and cross-cultural adaptation theories as a foundation to extend examinations of…

Orbe, Mark P.

2008-01-01

405

Reflections on 10 years of sponsored senior design projects: Students win-clients win  

Microsoft Academic Search

Undergraduate computer science degree programs often provide an opportunity for students to experience real software projects as a part of their programs of study. These experiences frequently reside in a course in which students form software development teams, are assigned to a project offered by a corporate sponsor and devote one or two semesters to the task of making progress

Robert J. Fornaro; Margaret R. Heil; Alan L. Tharp

2007-01-01

406

What Clients Want - What Students Do: Reflections on Ten Years of Sponsored Senior Design Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Undergraduate computer science degree programs often provide an opportunity for students to experience real software projects as a part of their programs of study. These experiences frequently reside in a course in which students form software development teams, are assigned to a project offered by a corporate sponsor and devote one or two semesters to the task of making progress

Robert J. Fornaro; Margaret R. Heil; Alan L. Tharp

2006-01-01

407

Student Choice in Writing: Reflections on One Teacher's Inner Struggle to Relinquish Control  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Why do I do that to myself? As a secondary English teacher, I want desperately for my students to pursue their own interests in their writing, but then I am stuck negotiating topics that push the envelope (read: make me uncomfortable): suicide attempts, cutting, abusive boyfriends, and drug use. When a student noted on his submission that it had…

Beaton, Anne M.

2010-01-01

408

Web-Based Digital Teaching Portfolios: Fostering Reflection and Technology Competence in Preservice Teacher Education Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the findings of a qualitative study to examine preservice teacher education students' experiences and reasons for creating digital teaching portfolios. Also, it examines the advantages and challenges of creating digital teaching portfolios. Findings indicate that the process of cre- ating digital teaching portfolios was a constructivist one that fostered self-confidence in students' professional and techni- cal skills.

NATALIE B. MILMAN

2005-01-01

409

The Dependence of Coping Behavior of the Students on Peculiarity of Subjective Reflection of the Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The representation level of the teacher in the inner world of the students is influencing the success in the study activities (Liimets H. I.). Because they are real accompaniers to students in the learning process, as in the temporal aspect, as well as in content, the question arises about the possibility of their impact on particular coping…

Fatima, Tashimova; Zukhra, Ismagambetova; Rima, Dzhansaraeyva; Alma, Mirsabekova; Aliya, Karabayeva; Farisa, Oskenbai

2013-01-01

410

The Role of Student Reflection and Self-Assessment in College Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When properly implemented, the vision of "Beyond Crossroads" will result in classrooms where students are actively engaged and responsible for their learning. They are able to share their thinking and the teacher, in turn, can use the emerging understanding as a foundation for learning. According to "Beyond Crossroads," students will be expected…

Odafe, Victor

2010-01-01

411

Experiential Learning Using Second Life[R]: A Content Analysis of Student Reflective Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experiential learning allows students to connect previous experiences with new ideas. Second Life (SL) is a virtual world that allows students to simulate real-world experiences. SL was utilized as an educational tool in an agricultural risk and crisis communications course. Weekly journal entries pertaining to the SL simulation were analyzed to…

Leggette, Holli R.; Witt, Christy; Dooley, Kim E.; Rutherford, Tracy; Murphrey, Theresa Pesl; Doerfert, David; Edgar, Leslie D.

2012-01-01

412

Historical Constructions: How Social Studies Student Teachers' Historical Thinking is Reflected in Their Writing of History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores how social-studies student teachers think about and write about history through an examination of their historical thinking, use of sources, and writing. Focuses on constructing historical accounts from multiple sources. Discusses common patterns in thinking and writing. Suggests way to improve student teachers' engagement with historical…

Bohan, Chara Haeussler; Davis, O. L., Jr.

1998-01-01

413

Collaborating To Enhance Student Reasoning: Frances' Account of Her Reflections While Teaching Chemical Equilibrium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports on a teacher's changing perceptions during a collaborative, two-year interpretive research project involving two researchers, herself, and her students. Uses the collaborative approach between teacher and researchers to promote students' theory-evidence coordination and use of word explanations with an emphasis on developing and…

Thomas, Gregory P.; McRobbie, Campbell J.

2002-01-01

414

The Significance of Motivation in Student-Centred Learning: A Reflective Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The theoretical underpinnings of student-centred learning suggest motivation to be an integral component. However, lack of clarification of what is involved in motivation in education often results in unchallenged assumptions that fail to recognise that what motivates some students may alienate others. This case study, using socio-cognitive…

Maclellan, Effie

2008-01-01

415

Colony membership is reflected by variations in cuticular hydrocarbon profile in a Neotropical paper wasp, Polistes satan (Hymenoptera, Vespidae).  

PubMed

Nestmate recognition is one the most important features in social insect colonies. Although epicuticular lipids or cuticular hydrocarbons have both structural and defensive functions in insects, they also seem to be involved in several aspects of communication in wasps, bees and ants. We analyzed and described for the first time the cuticular hydrocarbons of a Neotropical paper wasp, Polistes satan, and found that variation in hydrocarbon profile was sufficiently strong to discriminate individuals according to their colony membership. Therefore, it seems that small differences in the proportion of these compounds can be detected and used as a chemical-based cue by nestmates to detect invaders and avoid usurpation. PMID:17624862

Tannure-Nascimento, I C; Nascimento, F S; Turatti, I C; Lopes, N P; Trigo, J R; Zucchi, R

2007-06-27

416

Wigner: The Collected Works " Part B Mehra/Wightman: Historical, Philosophical, and Socio-Political Papers " Philosophical Reflections and Syntheses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Among the founding fathers of modern quantum physics few have contributed to our basic understanding of its concepts as much as E.P. Wigner. His articles on the epistemology of quantum mechanics and the measurement problem, and the basic role of symmetries were of fundamental importance for all subsequent work. He was also the first to discuss the concept of consciousness from the point of view of modern physics. All these papers can be found in this volume together with Wigner's philosophical writings. The book should be a gem for all those interested in the history and philosophy of science.

Emch, G. G.; Mehra, Jagdish

417

Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure with Art Therapy Students: Assessing Preservice Students after One Multicultural Self-Reflection Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Graduate art therapy students enrolled in a multicultural art therapy course were given the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure as a pretest and posttest to assess their own cultural identity. Results indicate that stronger cultural identification is possible following the completion of one multicultural art therapy course. (Contains 25 references…

Cherry, Laura A.

2002-01-01

418

Theorizing multidimensional identity negotiation: reflections on the lived experiences of first-generation college students.  

PubMed

Drawing from recent research on first-generation college (FGC) students, this chapter advances an interdisciplinary theoretical framework for understanding how these students enact multiple aspects of their personal, cultural, and social identities. I use dialectical and cross-cultural adaptation theories as a foundation to extend examinations of how diverse FGC students negotiate the alien culture of the academy against that of home. In this regard, college is situated as a pivotal point of development, and successful negotiation of identity tensions is represented as a key factor in academic success. PMID:18521866

Orbe, Mark P

2008-01-01

419

Discourse Features of the Student-Produced Academic Research Paper: Variations across Disciplinary Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The research paper has been identified as a genre that is commonly produced in both graduate and undergraduate courses. However, researchers have noted that this label tends to be used loosely and that texts referred to as research papers are not characterized by a fixed set of discoursal features [such as Johns A.M. (1997). "Text, role and…

Samraj, Betty

2004-01-01

420

Do undergraduate students' ratings of perceived aggression in sport reflect athletes' self-reported aggression? Comments on Pedersen (2007).  

PubMed

In 2007 Pedersen described the results of undergraduate students' ratings of 16 common sports based on their perceptions of the aggression in each sport. Unfortunately, it is unclear whether Pedersen's sample's perception of aggression actually reflects aggression of athletes who participate in these sports. Therefore, response of 1,441 British competitive athletes (817 men, mean age = 21.5, SD = 4.9) to a short aggression questionnaire were analysed to distinguish whether the same pattern of ranks reported by Pedersen could be replicated. In general, data were consistent with Pedersen's rankings (Correlations were moderate to high), but some exceptions were evident, particularly for male athletes. PMID:18380110

Maxwell, J P

2007-12-01

421

Gendered Career Expectations of Students: Perspectives from PISA 2006. OECD Education Working Papers No. 57  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper provides a comprehensive overview of adolescent career plans reported in PISA 2006. Its main focus is on the differences in the status and area of employment expected by girls and boys in high school. In almost all countries, girls lead boys in their interest in non-manual, high status professional occupations. This can be seen as a…

Sikora, Joanna; Pokropek, Artur

2011-01-01

422

A Collaborative Role for Industry in Assessing Student Learning. AIR 1999 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper recounts the process of integrating industry into the assessment process in engineering education developed by the Synthesis Coalition, a group of colleges and schools working together to improve engineering education through development and implementation of curriculum reforms. Originating in the Coalition's efforts to introduce…

McMartin, Flora

423

Students Today, Teachers Tomorrow? Identifying Constraints on the Provision of Education. Policy Research Working Paper 5674  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With an estimated 115 million children not attending primary school in the developing world, increasing access to education is critical. Resource constraints limit the effectiveness of demand-based subsidies. This paper focuses on the importance of a supply-side factor--the availability of low-cost teachers--and the resulting ability of the…

Andrabi, Tahir; Das, Jishnu; Khwaja, Asim Ijaz

2011-01-01

424

Exceptional Children Conference Papers: Environmental Influences in the Early Education of Migrant and Disadvantaged Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Conference papers on early childhood education cover the following topics: individual variation among preschoolers in a cognitive intervention program in low income families presented by Phyllis Levenstein, programmatic research on disadvantaged youth and an ameliorative intervention program by Merle B. Karnes and others, special education and…

Council for Exceptional Children, Arlington, VA.

425

Expanding School Resources and Increasing Time on Task: Effects of a Policy Experiment in Israel on Student Academic Achievement and Behavior. NBER Working Paper No. 18369  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, I examine how student academic achievements and behavior were affected by a school finance policy experiment undertaken in elementary schools in Israel. Begun in 2004, the funding formula changed from a budget set per class to a budget set per student, with more weight given to students from lower socioeconomic and lower educational…

Lavy, Victor

2012-01-01

426

How are learning physics and student beliefs about learning physics connected? Measuring epistemological self-reflection in an introductory course and investigating its relationship to conceptual learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To explore students' epistemological beliefs in a variety of conceptual domains in physics, and in a specific and novel context of measurement, this Dissertation makes use of Weekly Reports, a class assignment in which students reflect in writing on what they learn each week and how they learn it. Reports were assigned to students in the introductory physics course for honors engineering majors at The Ohio State University in two successive years. The Weekly Reports of several students from the first year were analyzed for the kinds of epistemological beliefs exhibited therein, called epistemological self-reflection, and a coding scheme was developed for categorizing and quantifying this reflection. The connection between epistemological self-reflection and conceptual learning in physics seen in a pilot study was replicated in a larger study, in which the coded reflections from the Weekly Reports of thirty students were correlated with their conceptual learning gains. Although the total amount of epistemological self-reflection was not found to be related to conceptual gain, different kinds of epistemological self-reflection were. Describing learning physics concepts in terms of logical reasoning and making personal connections were positively correlated with gains; describing learning from authority figures or by observing phenomena without making inferences were negatively correlated. Linear regression equations were determined in order to quantify the effects on conceptual gain of specific ways of describing learning. In an experimental test of this model, the regression equations and the Weekly Report coding scheme developed from the first year's data were used to predict the conceptual gains of thirty students from the second year. The prediction was unsuccessful, possibly because these students were not given as much feedback on their reflections as were the first-year students. These results show that epistemological beliefs are important factors affecting the conceptual learning of physics students. Also, getting students to reflect meaningfully on their knowledge and learning is difficult and requires consistent feedback. Research into the epistemological beliefs of physics students in different contexts and from different populations can help us develop more complete models of epistemological beliefs, and ultimately improve the conceptual and epistemological knowledge of all students.

May, David B.

427

Can Inquiry and Reflection Be Contagious? Science Teachers, Students, and Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the transformations of 3 science teachers who conducted action research projects following a model, unique to our graduate program, which follows the theoretical tenets of adult and transformative learning theory. Teachers video their teaching, engage in weekly peer group collaborative reflection sessions, collaborate with…

Lebak, Kimberly; Tinsley, Ron

2010-01-01

428

Teaching the Material and Teaching the Students: Reflections on Introductory Courses for Non-Majors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching a required introductory Bible course to non-majors at a church-related college presents a number of pedagogical challenges. When considering how to teach such a course in the context of concerns common to the liberal arts, I find myself reflecting on authority. My thoughts on the teaching of this course in my own context are organized…

Kirkpatrick, Shane

2010-01-01

429

Assessing, Teaming, and Reflecting: Student Outcomes from Participating in a Play-Based Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preparing early childhood education (ECE) and early childhood special education (ECSE) professionals to work with young children with and without disabilities entails the acquisition of content, its application, and opportunities for reflection. This article describes a component of an ECSE assessment course focusing on the logistics and process…

Bruns, Deborah A.; Cooley, Marissa

2010-01-01

430

First-year students' paper chase: a mobile location-aware multimedia game  

Microsoft Academic Search

The latest achievements in the field of mobile networks and ubiquitous computing enable the integration and combination of technologies like Internet, Java, and multimedia in a new kind of application that employs distribution, wireless networking, localisation, and movement---mobile location-aware multimedia games. The approach presented is an innovative re-invention of a paper chase\\/scavenger hunt as a mobile location-aware game. The video

Palle Klante; Jens Krösche; Daniela Ratt; Susanne Boll

2004-01-01

431

A Guide to Writing a Scientific Paper: A Focus on High School Through Graduate Level Student Research  

PubMed Central

Abstract This article presents a detailed guide for high school through graduate level instructors that leads students to write effective and well-organized scientific papers. Interesting research emerges from the ability to ask questions, define problems, design experiments, analyze and interpret data, and make critical connections. This process is incomplete, unless new results are communicated to others because science fundamentally requires peer review and criticism to validate or discard proposed new knowledge. Thus, a concise and clearly written research paper is a critical step in the scientific process and is important for young researchers as they are mastering how to express scientific concepts and understanding. Moreover, learning to write a research paper provides a tool to improve science literacy as indicated in the National Research Council's National Science Education Standards (1996), and A Framework for K–12 Science Education (2011), the underlying foundation for the Next Generation Science Standards currently being developed. Background information explains the importance of peer review and communicating results, along with details of each critical component, the Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. Specific steps essential to helping students write clear and coherent research papers that follow a logical format, use effective communication, and develop scientific inquiry are described.

Petering, David H.; Berg, Craig A.; Tomasiewicz, Henry; Weber, Daniel

2012-01-01

432

A guide to writing a scientific paper: a focus on high school through graduate level student research.  

PubMed

This article presents a detailed guide for high school through graduate level instructors that leads students to write effective and well-organized scientific papers. Interesting research emerges from the ability to ask questions, define problems, design experiments, analyze and interpret data, and make critical connections. This process is incomplete, unless new results are communicated to others because science fundamentally requires peer review and criticism to validate or discard proposed new knowledge. Thus, a concise and clearly written research paper is a critical step in the scientific process and is important for young researchers as they are mastering how to express scientific concepts and understanding. Moreover, learning to write a research paper provides a tool to improve science literacy as indicated in the National Research Council's National Science Education Standards (1996), and A Framework for K-12 Science Education (2011), the underlying foundation for the Next Generation Science Standards currently being developed. Background information explains the importance of peer review and communicating results, along with details of each critical component, the Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. Specific steps essential to helping students write clear and coherent research papers that follow a logical format, use effective communication, and develop scientific inquiry are described. PMID:23094692

Hesselbach, Renee A; Petering, David H; Berg, Craig A; Tomasiewicz, Henry; Weber, Daniel

2012-10-24

433

Reflecting on "Project Katrina" and Developmentally Appropriate Practices: A Graduate Student's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the independent study project of a student who was a graduate assistant in a child development laboratory preschool when Hurricanes Katrina and Rita struck the Gulf Coast area. Through her experiences with "Project Katrina" she deepens her understanding of developmentally appropriate practices as she learns firsthand about…

Schellhaas, Andree; Burts, Diane C.; Aghayan, Carol

2007-01-01

434

Preadolescents Reflect on Their Drawings of Dance: Students' Voices in Art Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students, during the ages 11 years old to 13 years old ("tweens"), experience a growing desire to think and act independently while caring deeply about being accepted by the group. Tweens may feel vulnerable and self-conscious during the many changes that occur during puberty. These feelings can lead tweens to doubt their abilities and disengage…

Stokrocki, Mary; Eldridge, Laurie

2009-01-01

435

Teaching Students to Deconstruct Life Experience with Addictions: A Structured Reflection Exercise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students come to the classroom with life experience that may reinforce stigmatization of those who struggle with addiction. Educators must address this dynamic directly if addiction practitioners are to move beyond their personal experiences and come to understand the neuroscience of addiction, evidence-based practices, and the human potential…

Lay, Kathy; McGuire, Lisa

2008-01-01

436

Reflective Process in Play Therapy: A Practical Model for Supervising Counseling Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselor educators and other supervisors, who work with graduate student counseling interns utilizing Play Therapy, should be educated, grounded, and trained in theory, supervision, and techniques specific to Play Therapy. Unfortunately, this is often not the case. Therefore, a three step model was created to assist those who do not have specific…

Allen, Virginia B.; Folger, Wendy A.; Pehrsson, Dale-Elizabeth

2007-01-01

437

Cartesian and Corporeal Agency: Women's Studies Students' Reflections on Body Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores young women's agency in relation to the body and the possible role of women's studies in interpreting body experiences and constructing agency. The article is based on written accounts of one's body experience written by Finnish students of women's studies. The young women's accounts manifested two types of agency: the…

Liimakka, Satu

2011-01-01

438

Reflections on the 1986 Student Movement: Some Paradoxes in France's System of Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Events and factors leading to the 1986 uprising among French university students are outlined and discussed. The protest and its tragic results occurred because of a sometimes misunderstood new plan to restrict admissions and impose higher fees in order to make the system more efficient. (MSE)|

Gruson, Pascale

1988-01-01

439

Simulated Sustainable Societies: Students' Reflections on Creating Future Cities in Computer Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The empirical study, in this article, involved 42 students (ages 14-15), who used the urban simulation computer game SimCity 4 to create models of sustainable future cities. The aim was to explore in what ways the simulated "real" worlds provided by this game could be a potential facilitator for science learning contexts. The topic investigated…

Nilsson, Elisabet M.; Jakobsson, Anders

2011-01-01

440

TIMSS and High-Ability Students: Message of Doom or Opportunity for Reflection?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses possible reasons for U.S. gifted students' underachievement on the Third International Mathematics and Science Study. Homework, class time, and television viewing are similar elsewhere. Previous learning, negative reform effects, middle-school practices, nonrigorous coursework, curriculum deficiencies, and stress on potential over…

Callahan, Carolyn M.; Tomlinson, Carol Ann; Reis, Sally N.; Kaplan, Sandra N.

2000-01-01

441

Bilingual Education Students Reflect on Their Language Education: Reinventing a Classroom 10 Years Later  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Ten years ago, an ethnographic study in a bilingual whole-language third-grade classroom identified conditions that defined the classroom as a learning community: a high level of intellectual expectation, symmetric power and trust relationships, authenticity, and additive bilingualism and biliteracy. The students' insights strengthened the…

Whitmore, Kathryn F.; Crowell, Caryl G.

2005-01-01

442

Socratic case-method teaching in sports coach education: reflections of students and course tutors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite reported increases in higher education (HE) sports coach education provision there are very few studies which have investigated student self-learning curricula as a mechanism to prepare sports coaches with the complexities of learning how to coach. Using an action research methodology, this article examines how case-method teaching (CMT) was introduced into an undergraduate sports coach education module at a

Simon J. Roberts; Angus Ryrie

2011-01-01

443

Student reflections: The impact of dual enrollment on transitions to a state university  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dual enrollment is one means of facilitating increased degree productivity, which can lead to the more educated workforce needed in today's society. This qualitative study was designed to obtain student perceptions about their dual enrollment experience, including how it impacted their decision to go to college and what comparisons they would make between their dual enrollment experience and their full

Theresa Lyvette Lewis

2009-01-01

444

Use and perceptions of a blended learning resource: are student perceptions reflected in their performance ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is part of an ongoing investigation looking at students' perceptions of use and usefulness of a range of learning resources in a junior human biology course that had undergone restructuring in 2005. Th e restructuring involved the incorporation of a major online co mponent, HBOnline. The purpose of blending traditional resources, laboratory classes and lectures , with HBOnline

Osu Lilje

445

The Evaluation of Reflective Learning Practice: Preparing College Students for Globalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A problem facing education today is that learning typically requires rote memorization rather than the use of higher-order thinking skills. Higher-order thinking is needed in a global society to solve real world problems, therefore students should be required to develop and practice higher-order thinking skills. The purpose of this mixed method…

Richard, Cathleen Becnel

2010-01-01

446

Using student reflections in the formative evaluation of instruction: a course-integrated approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes a case study that examines the use of a course-integrated model in the formative evaluation of instruction. Through informal yet structured questionnaires, learning journals, and classroom assessment techniques, student feedback is collected on a regular basis to help the instructor monitor the effectiveness of instruction and the quality of the learning environment. The article focuses on reporting

Lamiaa S. Youssef

2011-01-01

447

Using student reflections in the formative evaluation of instruction: a course-integrated approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes a case study that examines the use of a course-integrated model in the formative evaluation of instruction. Through informal yet structured questionnaires, learning journals, and classroom assessment techniques, student feedback is collected on a regular basis to help the instructor monitor the effectiveness of instruction and the quality of the learning environment. The article focuses on reporting

Lamiaa S. Youssef

2012-01-01

448

Doctoral Students' Experience with Using the Reflecting Team Model of Supervision Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evidence of the increasing use of technology in counselor education is indicated by the increase in journal articles, programs, websites, and books on this topic (Albrecht & Jones, 2001; Layne & Hohenshil, 2005). The Internet has emerged as an important tool in the training and supervision of counseling students (Conn, Roberts, & Powell, …

Sindlinger, Jodi

2011-01-01

449

Developing Reflective Inquiry Practices: A Case Study of Software, the Teacher, and Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A group of students has decided to investigate Pluto's erratic orbit around the Sun. Their goal is to set up computer simulations with different con- figurations of planets orbiting the sun to determine which planet has an effect on Pluto's orbit (e.g., a simulation with only Pluto and the Sun; a second simulation with Pluto, Neptune, and the Sun, etc.).

Ben Loh; Brian J. Reiser; Josh Radinsky; Daniel C. Edelson; Louis M. Gomez; Sue Marshall; Jeff Shrager

450

Adapting Objective Structured Clinical Examinations to Assess Social Work Students' Performance and Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The development of standardized, valid, and reliable methods for assessment of students' practice competence continues to be a challenge for social work educators. In this study, the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE), originally used in medicine to assess performance through simulated interviews, was adapted for social work to…

Bogo, Marion; Regehr, Cheryl; Logie, Carmen; Katz, Ellen; Mylopoulos, Maria; Regehr, Glenn

2011-01-01

451

Riding the Wave: Student Researcher Reflection on the Action Research Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this article is the exploration of and an explanation of student researchers' affect and activity in an action research project. Using a hermeneutical theoretical framework we argue that the researcher group as a whole constructs a wave process and at the same time each individual researcher in the group creates a wave process that…

Burrows, Andrea; Thomas, Jonathan; Woods, Angie; Suess, Robert; Dole, Deborah

2012-01-01

452

Teaching and technology in higher education: student perceptions and personal reflections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past few decades universities in the United Kingdom have undergone fundamental and accelerating change with the resultant outcome of a radical move from what can be described as an elitist model of education to a popular or “populist” model. Entrance routes to higher education courses of study have diversified, and as a consequence the student population has also

John Milliken; L. Philip Barnes

2002-01-01

453

Analysis of Student Service-Learning Reflections for the Assessment of Transferable-Skills Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The civil and environmental engineering (CEE) programs at the University of Vermont (UVM) incorporate systems thinking and a systems approach to sustainable engineering problem solving. A systems approach considers long-term social, environmental and economic factors within the context of the engineering problem solution and encompasses sustainable engineering solutions. Our goal is to prepare students to become leaders in their chosen

D. M. Rizzo; M. Dewoolkar; N. Hayden; L. Oka; A. R. Pearce

2010-01-01

454

Simulated Sustainable Societies: Students' Reflections on Creating Future Cities in Computer Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The empirical study, in this article, involved 42 students (ages 14-15), who used the urban simulation computer game SimCity 4 to create models of sustainable future cities. The aim was to explore in what ways the simulated "real" worlds provided by this game could be a potential facilitator for science learning contexts. The topic investigated is…

Nilsson, Elisabet M.; Jakobsson, Anders

2011-01-01

455

[Tobacco: knowledge, reasoning and opinion of high school students in Doubs. Reflections on prevention].  

PubMed

The prevalence of smoking has increased among young people aged 14 to 18 between 1993 and 1999, and most notably among girls within the same period. These observations illustrate the necessity for significant changes in mass media campaigns and education programmes related to the prevention of smoking among youth. The objective of this survey, initiated by the city of Besançon and the French National Mutual Insurance of Doubs, was to describe and analyse the knowledge and rationale of high school students on tobacco and their opinions in terms of prevention. Twelve public and private high schools in Besançon and Morteau (Doubs-France) participated in the survey; the group also represented a mix of general and professional schools. The questionnaire was filled out by 970 students selected at random. 96% of the students indicated cancer as being the main illness linked to tobacco and 94% stated that second-hand smoke constitutes a health risk. 61% admitted to seeking out the psychoactive effects of smoking. The students responses confirm that the types of messages relayed in a smoking prevention campaign which have an impact on them are: evoking fear of death (74%) and the use of humor (16%). One-third of high school students find that it is unacceptable to forbid smoking on school premises. The knowledge of the dangers related to smoking is not sufficient to keep young people from smoking and confirms that an educational approach based solely on knowledge and facts will not be sufficient to decrease their tobacco consumption. It is important to take into account the image that young people have of tobacco as a means to combat stress in future prevention strategies and campaigns. PMID:12806810

Michaud, C; Saraiva, I; Henry, Y; Dodane, M

2003-03-01

456

The pedagogical balancing act: teaching reflection in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the common use of the term reflection in higher education assessment tasks, learners are not often taught how to communicate their disciplinary knowledge through reflection. This paper argues that students can and should be taught how to reflect in deep and transformative ways. It highlights the reflexive pedagogical balancing act of attending to different levels of reflection as a

Mary Ryan

2012-01-01

457

Developing Reflective Practice in LIS Education: The "SEA-Change" Model of Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the "SEA-change" model of reflection. It was developed to support the growing interest in reflective practice within the library domain. The model was developed from experience gained teaching and training reflective writing to students and practitioners within librarianship. The model was tested using data gathered from the…

Sen, Barbara; Ford, Nigel

2009-01-01

458

Weighted Student Funding for Primary Schools: An Analysis of the Dutch Experience. Working Paper Series. SAN09-02  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In recent years, policy makers and educators in the U.S. have begun to show considerable interest in the concept of weighted student funding as a means of financing primary and secondary schools. Weighted student funding (WSF) has three main elements. Money follows students on a per student basis to the schools they attend, the per student amount…

Ladd, Helen F.; Fiske, Edward B.

2009-01-01

459

Toward a New Understanding of Non-Academic Student Support: Four Mechanisms Encouraging Positive Student Outcomes in the Community College. CCRC Working Paper No. 28. Assessment of Evidence Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the ways in which academically vulnerable students benefit from non-academic support. By reviewing theories of student persistence as well as program evaluation literature, the author identifies four mechanisms by which non-academic supports can improve student outcomes, including persistence and degree attainment. Programs…

Karp, Melinda Mechur

2011-01-01

460

Investigating Students' Self-Assessment Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student modeling approaches predominantly focus on modeling student knowledge. For effective learning, however, it is necessary to teach students how to learn, as well as to provide support for learning domain knowledge. Recently, a number of projects focused on students' learning strategies, and initiated work on modeling students' metacognitive skills, such as self-explanation and reflection. This paper focuses on self-assessment

Antonija Mitrovic

2001-01-01

461

A New Program in pain medicine for medical students: Integrating core curriculum knowledge with emotional and reflective development  

PubMed Central

Objective Improvements in clinical pain care have not matched advances in scientific knowledge, and innovations in medical education are needed. Several streams of evidence indicate that pain education needs to address both the affective and cognitive dimensions of pain. Our aim was to design and deliver a new course in pain establishing foundation-level knowledge while comprehensively addressing the emotional development needs in this area. Setting 118 first year medical students at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. Outcome measures Performance was measured by multiple choice tests of pain knowledge, attendance, reflective pain portfolios and satisfaction measures. Results Domains of competence in pain knowledge included central and peripheral pain signaling, pharmacological management of pain with standard analgesic medications, neuromodulating agents and opioids; cancer pain, musculoskeletal pain, nociceptive, inflammatory, neuropathic, geriatric, and pediatric pain. Socio-emotional development (portfolio) work focused on increasing awareness of pain affect in self and others and enhancing the commitment to excellence in pain care. Reflections included observations on a brief pain experience (cold pressor test), the multi-dimensionality of pain, the role of empathy and compassion in medical care, the positive characteristics of pain-care role models, the complex feelings engendered by pain and addiction including frustration and disappointment, and aspirations and commitments in clinical medicine. The students completing feedback expressed high levels of interest in pain medicine as a result of the course. Discussion We conclude that a four-day pain course incorporating sessions with pain- specialists, pain medicine knowledge, and design-built elements to strengthen emotional skills is an effective educational approach.

Murinson, Beth B.; Nenortas, Elizabeth; Mayer, R. Sam; Mezei, Lina; Kozachik, Sharon; Nesbit, Suzanne; Haythornthwaite, Jennifer A.; Campbell, James N.

2010-01-01

462

Building a Community of Learning: A Comprehensive Approach to Assisting At-Risk Students. AIR 1997 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This case study of a student retention program for at-risk students at Mount Hood Community College (Oregon) contends that student retention programs are seldom as holistic and comprehensive as intended. The study analyzed three areas: the design and implementation of a comprehensive program to improve student retention; the organizational…

Walleri, R. Dan; Stoker, Cheryl L.; Stoering, Juliette

463

Estimating the Effect of Student Aid on College Enrollment: Evidence from a Government Grant Policy Reform. NBER Working Paper No. 14535  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, we investigate the responsiveness of the demand for college to changes in student aid arising from a Danish reform. We separately identify the effect of aid from that of other observed and unobserved variables such as parental income. We exploit the combination of a kinked aid scheme and a reform of the student aid scheme to…

Nielsen, Helena Skyt; Sorensen, Torben; Taber, Christopher R.

2008-01-01

464

Variation in Student Reflections on their Conceptions of and Approaches to Learning Biochemistry in a First-year Health Sciences' Service Subject  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many factors affect students’ learning approaches, including topic conceptions and prior study. This research, undertaken after a first-semester compulsory subject, explores students’ conceptions of biochemistry and how they approached their studies. Students (n=151) completed an open-ended survey analysed phenomenographically. Those with cohesive conceptions were found to be more likely to adopt deeper approaches to study than those with fragmented conceptions, a result unaffected by various demographic parameters. Compared with earlier research, a semester of study increased the percentage of students with a cohesive view, with no concomitant change in learning approaches, suggesting that cohesive conceptions are a necessary but not sufficient criterion for deep learning outcomes. Compared with results for a science major subject, more of the students with cohesive conceptions used surface approaches. This may reflect a regression to safe surface approaches when faced with an unfamiliar topic or high total workload driving a strategic approach to learning. It could also reflect a perception that this material is only a tool for later application. The present findings indicate the crucial importance, when university studies begin, of enabling students to build an overarching conception of the topic’s place in professional practice. This concept building should be applied across the entire curriculum to emphasize application and integration of material (key graduate attributes). Improved conceptions may provide crucial motivation for students to achieve deeper learning, especially in these foundation service subjects. These essential changes to the learning context may also better prepare students for increasing self-directed/life-long learning.

Minasian-Batmanian, Laura C.; Lingard, Jennifer; Prosser, Michael

2006-12-01

465

Becoming a Reflective Practitioner in the Age of Accountability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on Zeichner's levels of reflection (Liston and Zeichner 1996), this study uses a fine-grain analysis of portfolio entries to describe the reflective practice of a cohort of preservice secondary education teachers as they student teach, participate in a student teaching seminar, and prepare the Vermont Licensure Portfolio. The paper raises…

Nagle, James F.

2009-01-01

466

Shaping Teachers' Minds: Reflections on Cultural Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper highlights certain cultural models that have been effective in swaying culturally inexperienced teachers to reflect upon their attitudes and biases toward culture and literacy. It presents the actual reflections of student teachers as they respond to learning about cultural models of learning and discourse that may differ from their…

Aminy, Marina; Neophytos-Richardson, Aspasia

467

Reflection in Self-Assessed Online Discussion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the use of a combination of prompted written reflection, online discussion and self-assessment as a vehicle for enhancing learning in an undergraduate primary mathematics subject. At the end of semester, 71 students completed a survey of their perceptions about the influence of the components of the experience on their learning, and their online reflections were analyzed

2009-01-01

468

Comprehensive Assessment and Evaluation of Students with Learning Disabilities: A Paper Prepared by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) strongly supports comprehensive assessment and evaluation of students with learning disabilities by a multidisciplinary team for the identification and diagnosis of students with learning disabilities. Comprehensive assessment of individual students requires the use of multiple data…

Learning Disability Quarterly, 2011

2011-01-01

469

Reality versus Expectations: Do the Expectations of New Students Correspond with Their Actual Experience. AIR 1990 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Five hundred incoming students attending Mount Saint Vincent University (Nova Scotia) were selected to participate in a study designed to compare the expectations and experiences of traditional students (who entered immediately after high school or transferred from another university or college) and nontraditional students (who entered part-time…

Murray, Judith A.; And Others

470

A Decade of Development: The Best of Ten Years. An Anniversary Publication of Selected Papers. Adult Student Personnel Association, Inc.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Best of Ten Years," a publication of the Tenth Annual Conference for the Adult Student Personnel Association, Inc. (ASPA), contains prophesies for the future in addition to a chronicle of concerns of the decade. Articles included are: Financial Aid for Evening Students (Sol Jacobson); The Programming and Counseling of Adult Transfer Students

Clifford, Earle W., Ed.; And Others

471

Supplemental Educational Services and Student Test Score Gains: Evidence from a Large, Urban School District. Working Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effect of supplemental educational services (SES) on student test score gains and whether particular subgroups of students benefit more from No Child Left Behind (NCLB) tutoring services. The sample used includes information on students enrolled in 3rd through 8th grades nested in 121 elementary and middle schools over a…

Springer, Matthew G.; Pepper, Matthew J.; Ghosh-Dastidar, Bonnie

2009-01-01

472

Virtual Classroom: Reflections of Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify student and staff experiences with online learning at higher education (HE) using the software Elluminate Live! Design/methodology/approach: This paper adopts a qualitative approach, focusing on the reflections of participants (student and teacher) collated over a 12 month period of piloting online…

Michael, Kathy

2012-01-01

473

Virtual Classroom: Reflections of Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify student and staff experiences with online learning at higher education (HE) using the software Elluminate Live! Design/methodology/approach: This paper adopts a qualitative approach, focusing on the reflections of participants (student and teacher) collated over a 12 month period of piloting…

Michael, Kathy

2012-01-01

474

READING, REFLECTION, AND THE TOOLKIT APPROACH  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the findings of a number of small surveys carried out over a three year timeframe that were specifically designed to elicit information about student behaviour on a second year undergraduate introductory HCI module. The results of these surveys are presented and discussion follows about the difficulties encountered in engaging students in reflection and reading. The author concludes

Janet C Read

475

Multiple Reflections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity on multiple reflections is produced by the International Society for Optical Engineering, the Optical Society of America, and the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy. Two plane rectangular mirrors, that meet on one edge, produce various reflection patterns. Students learn the relationship between the number of images produced and the orientation of the two mirrors. The site lists all necessary tools and materials and includes numerous helpful photographs and diagrams.

2009-01-13

476

Teacher Credentials and Student Achievement in High School: A Cross-Subject Analysis with Student Fixed Effects. NBER Working Paper No. 13617  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We use data on statewide end-of-course tests in North Carolina to examine the relationship between teacher credentials and student achievement at the high school level. The availability of test scores in multiple subjects for each student permits us to estimate a model with student fixed effects, which helps minimize any bias associated with the…

Clotfelter, Charles T.; Ladd, Helen F.; Vigdor, Jacob L.

2007-01-01

477

Developing communication competence using an online Video Reflection system: pre-service teachers' experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on how the cognitive, behavioural and affective communication competencies of undergraduate students were developed using an online Video Reflection system. Pre-service teachers were provided with communication scenarios and asked to record short videos of one another making presentations. Students then uploaded their videos to an online blog and made reflective comments about their communication actions. Students also

Matt Bower; Michael Cavanagh; Robyn Moloney; MingMing Dao

2011-01-01

478

Cultural encounters in reflective dialogue about nursing care: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Title. Cultural encounters in reflective dialogue about nursing care: a qualitative study. Aim. This paper is a report of a study to explore how students developed reflective nursing practice through cultural encounters between students from Tanzania and Norway. Background. Nursing students need to develop cultural care competence to care for patients in a globalized world. One way to achieve this

Malvin Torsvik; Marianne Hedlund

2008-01-01

479

Reflection as situated practice: A memory-work study of lived experience in teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to understand whether student teachers enact reflection differently as they encounter different situations within their teacher education programme. Group memory-work was used to generate and analyse five participants' memories of learning to teach. Three different discursive contexts were identified in the students' stories and each demonstrates that students reflexively enact reflection in relation to

Alan Ovens; Richard Tinning

2009-01-01

480

A framework for assessing learning assistants' reflective writing assignments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At Florida International University we have implemented a learning assistant (LA) program based on the Colorado Learning Assistant Model. As a part of this program, students take a course on science and mathematics education theory and practice in which they are required to submit written reflections. Past anecdotal evidence suggests that students in the LAP at Florida International University are using these writing assignments to reflect on their teaching experiences. The purpose of this study was to a) determine if the writing assignments submitted give evidence that our students are engaging in reflection and b) determine if our students are engaging in deep levels of reflection. In this investigation, we relied on a rubric based on Hatton and Smithâs (1995) âCriteria for the Recognition of Evidence for Different Types of Reflective Writing.â In this paper, we document a) a system for characterizing student reflections and b) how we give them feedback.

Cochran, Geraldine L.; Brookes, David T.; Kramer, Laird H.

2013-08-05

481

Can it Reflect Light?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this assessment probe is to elicit students' ideas about light reflection off of ordinary objects and materials. The probe is designed to find out if students recognize that all non-light-emitting objects that we can see reflect some light or if they believe that only certain types of objects reflect light.

Eberle, Francis; Farrin, Lynn; Keeley, Page

2005-01-01

482

Test-Based Accountability and Student Achievement: An Investigation of Differential Performance on NAEP and State Assessments. NBER Working Paper No. 12817  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the phenomenon referred to as test score inflation, which occurs when achievement gains on "high-stakes" exams outpace improvements on "low-stakes" tests. The first part of the paper documents the extent to which student performance trends on state assessments differ from those on the National Assessment of Educational…

Jacob, Brian A.

2007-01-01

483

Choosing a Field: How Graduate Student Choices of Field Sites Reflect Different Ideas of "Real" Anthropology in Colombia and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the decisions and motivations of graduate students in cultural anthropology when defining the field sites and topics of their final projects. The decisions among students at the Universidad de los Andes in Colombia are contrasted with those at the University of Pittsburgh in the United States. A review of recent final projects…

Macia, Laura

2012-01-01

484

SimPharm: How Pharmacy Students Made Meaning of a Clinical Case Differently in Paper- and Simulation-Based Workshops  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Several scholars contend that learning with computer games and simulations results in students thinking more like professionals. Bearing this goal in mind, we investigated how a group of pharmacy students learnt with an in-house developed computer simulation, SimPharm. Adopting situated cognition as our theoretical lens, we conducted a case study…

Loke, Swee-Kin; Tordoff, June; Winikoff, Michael; McDonald, Jenny; Vlugter, Peter; Duffull, Stephen

2011-01-01

485

Adaptability to Online Learning: Differences across Types of Students and Academic Subject Areas. CCRC Working Paper No. 54  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a dataset containing nearly 500,000 courses taken by over 40,000 community and technical college students in Washington State, this study examines how well students adapt to the online environment in terms of their ability to persist and earn strong grades in online courses relative to their ability to do so in face-to-face courses. While…

Xu, Di; Jaggars, Shanna Smith

2013-01-01

486

Winrock/NAFSA Workshop on Improving Academic Programs in Agriculture for Students from Developing Countries. NAFSA Working Paper #19.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of a January 26-27, 1990, workshop organized by the National Association of Foreign Student Affairs (NAFSA) and the Winrock Institute for Agricultural Development to discuss ways to improve academic programs for international students studying in graduate agricultural disciplines. Participants were sponsored…

Steele, Roger

487

New Approaches to the Analysis of Academic Outcomes: Modeling Student Performance at a Community College. AIR 1998 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study used structural modeling methodologies to analyze student outcomes at Prince George's Community College (PGCC) in Largo, Maryland. Path analysis and cluster analysis were used to analyze data on 2,643 first-time entrants to PGCC in fall 1990 over the course of 6 years. Path analysis revealed the centrality of student attitude factors…

Boughan, Karl

488

Testing Accommodations for University Students with AD/HD: Computerized vs. Paper-Pencil/Regular vs. Extended Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Prompted by a previous study investigating the effects of pacing on the academic testing performance of college students with AD/HD, we further explored our preliminary findings, which suggested that a computerized testing environment enhanced the testing performance of college students with AD/HD. We compared the effects of a computerized vs.…

Lee, Kathryn S.; Osborne, Randall E.; Carpenter, David N.

2010-01-01

489

Where Is the Flowery Kingdom? Inquiry Exercises for Elementary Students. Service Center Papers on Asian Studies, No. 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These 20 inquiry exercises bridge the "understanding gap" between elementary school students' impressions and the reality of China. The exercises involve students in developing relevant understandings about China and the world, as well as in extending their skills in social studies and social education. Arranged alphabetically by title, the…

Hantula, James

490

"I Came in Unsure of Everything": Community College Students' Shifts in Confidence. CCRC Working Paper No. 48  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To improve low rates of credential attainment in community colleges, individual schools as well as a number of national organizations have developed a range of initiatives focused on increasing rates of college completion and student success. Although the importance of non-academic factors in college completion and student success has been well…

Bickerstaff, Susan; Barragan, Melissa; Rucks-Ahidiana, Zawadi

2012-01-01

491

A Comparison of the Persistence of African American and White Students Using NPSAS:96. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines within-year persistence of undergraduate white and African American college students, focusing on how this information can be used to inform initiatives on retention. Data was collected from the National Postsecondary Student Aid Study of 1996; the sample included 1,482 African American and 11,292 white four-year undergraduate…

Somers, Patricia; Cofer, James; Hall, Margaret Martin; Vander Putten, Jim

492

When the Saints Come Marching In. Effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on Student Evacuees. NBER Working Paper No. 14385  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|I examine academic performance and college going for public school students affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Students who are forced to switch schools due to the hurricanes experience sharp declines in test scores in the first year following the hurricane. However, by the second and third years after the disaster, Katrina evacuees…

Sacerdote, Bruce

2008-01-01

493

Should We Teach Urban Black Students Standard English? Lektos: Interdisciplinary Working Papers in Language Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The research and theoretical rationale for differences between (urban) black and white students, particularly in achievement in language development, are discussed along with implications for the classroom. Theories about language acquisition and capacity that have developed to account for the poor school performance of urban black students

Riley, Roberta D.

494

Aversive Racism on Campus: Explaining Mechanisms of Isolation for Students and Staff of Color on Campus. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The campus experiences of 24 students of color at a large, predominantly white midwestern university were investigated using four focus groups and grounded theory methods of analysis. Participants were asked about their experiences in four area environments: classrooms, residence halls, student services and programs, and the city where the…

Crim, Elton J., Jr.

495

Student Loans as a Means of Financing Higher Education: Lessons from International Experience. World Bank Staff Working Papers Number 599.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|International experience with student loans as a means of financing higher education is examined, with particular reference to developing countries. After summarizing the main purposes and kinds of student loan programs and practices in developed countries, advantages and disadvantages of loans as a means of financing higher education are…

Woodhall, Maureen

496

Single-Sex Schools, Student Achievement, and Course Selection: Evidence from Rule-Based Student Assignments in Trinidad and Tobago. NBER Working Paper No. 16817  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Existing studies on single-sex schooling suffer from biases due to student selection to schools and single-sex schools being better in unmeasured ways. In Trinidad and Tobago students are assigned to secondary schools based on an algorithm allowing one to address self-selection bias and cleanly estimate an upper-bound single-sex school effect. The…

Jackson, C. Kirabo

2011-01-01

497

Single-Sex Schools, Student Achievement, and Course Selection: Evidence from Rule-Based Student Assignments in Trinidad and Tobago. NBER Working Paper No. 16817  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Existing studies on single-sex schooling suffer from biases due to student selection to schools and single-sex schools being better in unmeasured ways. In Trinidad and Tobago students are assigned to secondary schools based on an algorithm allowing one to address self-selection bias and cleanly estimate an upper-bound single-sex school effect.…

Jackson, C. Kirabo

2011-01-01

498

The Effects of Student Coaching in College: An Evaluation of a Randomized Experiment in Student Mentoring. NBER Working Paper No. 16881  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|College completion and college success often lag behind college attendance. One theory as to why students do not succeed in college is that they lack key information about how to be successful or fail to act on the information that they have. We present evidence from a randomized experiment which tests the effectiveness of individualized student

Bettinger, Eric; Baker, Rachel

2011-01-01

499

Facilitating Preservice Students' Development of Thematic Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher educators taught elementary-level student teachers how to compose thematic integrated units, first coconstructing a view of thematic teaching, planning events to engage students, and developing an assignment description supporting students' unit writing. The paper describes the unit development, noting how student and faculty reflection on…

Barrentine, Shelby J.

1999-01-01

500

Teacher Quality and Student Inequality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the extent to which the allocation of teachers within and across public high schools is contributing to inequality in student test score performance. Using ten years of administrative data from North Carolina public high schools, I estimate a flexible education production function in which student achievement reflects student inputs, teacher quality, school quality, and a school-specific scaling

Richard K Mansfield

2012-01-01