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1

Student Reflection Paper: Enhancing the Humanities in Schools Like Ours  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue's humanities reflection presents a student's argument for attention to the humanities in a math, science, and technology program. Everett Brokaw, a senior at the Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy, recognizes that his specialized school experience has been enriched by personal journeys through literature and through encounters…

Brokaw, Everett

2007-01-01

2

Reflections on Developing Student Authors: From Class Paper to Journal Publication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, I describe my reflections on developing student authors through a class research project. I review the assignment origins and description and my role in the students' developmental journey from transforming a class assignment to a publishable work. (Contains 1 figure.)

Hutchins, Holly M.

2013-01-01

3

Outstanding Student Paper Awards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following members received Outstanding Student Paper Awards at the 2011 AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco, Calif. See also “Outstanding Student Paper Awards” published previously (Eos, 93(27), 253-254) and in future issues of Eos.

2012-07-01

4

Outstanding student papers: SPA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Six students received Outstanding Student Paper awards for solar physics and aeronomy papers they presented at the AGU 1992 Spring Meeting in Montreal, which was held in May.Carl M. Hammond, who presented “IMF and Down Tail Distance Effects on Magnetotail Boundaries,” is a doctoral student in the Department of Earth and Space Sciences at the University of California, Los Angeles. His research interests include planetary magnetotail structure and simulating the production of kappa distributions.

5

Outstanding Student Paper Awards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following members received Outstanding Student Paper Awards at the 2011 AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco, Calif. See also "Outstanding Student Paper Awards" published previously (Eos, 93(27), 253-254; Eos, 93(28), 260-261; and Eos, 93(30), 293).

2012-07-01

6

Outstanding Student Paper Awards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following members received Outstanding Student Paper Awards at the 2011 AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco, Calif. See also “Outstanding Student Paper Awards” published previously (Eos, 93(27), 253-254 Eos, 93(28), 260-261) and in future issues of Eos.

2012-07-01

7

Outstanding Student Paper Awards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following members received Outstanding Student Paper Awards at the 2011 AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco, Calif. Awards for other sections and focus groups will be announced in future issues of Eos.

2012-07-01

8

Outstanding student paper award  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Geomagnetism & Paleomagnetism Section presented an outstanding student paper award to Stefanie Brachfeld at the 1999 AGU Spring Meeting in Boston, Massachusetts, last June. Stefanie presented a paper titled “Secondary Normalization for Removing Magnetic Grain Size Bias from Relative Paleointensity Data: New Data from the North American Holocene.”

9

Outstanding student papers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Five presentations in the Hydrology Section were named Outstanding Student Papers at AGU's Spring Meeting in Baltimore, Md.Gwynn R. Johnson was honored for her presentation of “Solvent Rushing of an LNAPL Contaminated Soil.” She received her bachelor's degree in May 1993 and is now completing her master's degree (under the guidance of M.D. Annable, P.S.C. Rao, and K. Hatfield) in the Department of Environmental Engineering Sciences at the University of Florida.

10

Outstanding Student Paper Awards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following members in the Space Physics & Aeronomy Section received Outstanding Student Paper Awards at the 2003 AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco, California. Arve Aksnes; Aroh Barjatya; Jacob Bortnik; Amir Caspi; Ruben Delgado; Galen Fowler; Paul G. Hanlon; Sid Henderson; Tara B. Hiebert; Chia-Lin Huang; Steven P. Joy; Eun-Hwa Kim; Colby Lemon; Yingjuan Ma; Elizabeth A. MacDonald; Jaco Minnie; Mitsuo Oka; Yoshitaka Okazaki; Erin J. Rigler; Ina P. Robertson; Patrick A. Roddy; Sang-Il Roh; Albert Y. Shih; Christopher Smithtro; Emma Spanswick; Maria Spasojevic; Hiroki Tanaka; Linghua Wang; Deirdre E. Wendel; Jichun Zhang>

2003-01-01

11

Outstanding Student Paper Awards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following members in the Space Physics & Aeronomy Section received Outstanding Student Paper Awards at the 2003 AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco, California. Arve Aksnes; Aroh Barjatya; Jacob Bortnik; Amir Caspi; Ruben Delgado; Galen Fowler; Paul G. Hanlon; Sid Henderson; Tara B. Hiebert; Chia-Lin Huang; Steven P. Joy; Eun-Hwa Kim; Colby Lemon; Yingjuan Ma; Elizabeth A. MacDonald; Jaco Minnie; Mitsuo Oka; Yoshitaka Okazaki; Erin J. Rigler; Ina P. Robertson; Patrick A. Roddy; Sang-Il Roh; Albert Y. Shih; Christopher Smithtro; Emma Spanswick; Maria Spasojevic; Hiroki Tanaka; Linghua Wang; Deirdre E. Wendel; Jichun Zhang>

2004-04-01

12

Outstanding student paper awards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Hydrology Section presented six outstanding student paper awards at the 2000 AGU Spring Meeting in Washington, D.C., last June.Wade T. Crow presented a poster titled Impacts of Upscaling Soil Moisture During SGP 97. He received a B.A. in physics from Carleton College in 1995, and a M.S.E.in civil and environmental engineering from Princeton University in 1998. Wade is currently completing his Ph.D. at Princeton. His dissertation work, supervised by Eric F Wood, focuses on spatial scale issues surrounding both the retrieval of soil moisture imagery by microwave remote sensors and the eventual assimilation of this imagery into hydrologic models.

13

Structures for Facilitating Student Reflection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this article is to describe a continuum of levels of reflection. It briefly focuses on Deanna Kuhn's research into the development of scientific thinking and Robert Kegan's Object-Subject Theory of Development applied to the problems of inspiring students to be able to reflect. Assignments for improving students' ability to reflect are presented. Examples of student reflections are

Robert W. Grossman

2009-01-01

14

Reviewing Student Papers Electronically  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to consistently give quality feedback to students, the author introduces the revision and automation tools in Microsoft Word 2007. These features, Comments, Tracking, and Changes, are part of the Review group in MS Word 2007. Additionally, the AutoCorrect feature can be used to enhance and support editing endeavors. This article offers a…

Dunford, Spencer

2011-01-01

15

Student Papers in Local History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirteen papers on Kansas and Johnson County, Kansas history are presented. The papers were written by students in a course at the Johnson County Center for Local History or for independent study in local history. The papers are: "Conditions and Construction of Gardner Lake"; "The History of St. Joseph's Church, Shawnee, Kansas"; "Patrons of…

Johnson County Community Coll., Overland Park, KS. Johnson County Center for Local History.

16

Transforming the Teaching of Science Graduate Students Through Reflection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper presents an assessment of a biology education seminar for science graduate students. It describes how this seminar emphasized pedagogy and reflective assignments to help students identify and explore novel instructional strategies, discover who they are as teachers, focus on student learning, and acknowledge the challenges of effective teaching. Overall, the course facilitated reflection about personal teaching style and acceptance of new teaching ideas via assignments that encouraged written and verbal reflection by students.

Shahi, Dhan; Schussler, Elisabeth; Monroe, Emy; Gerald, Gary W.; Torres, Lisette E.; Osman, Muna A.

2008-09-01

17

Feedback Dialogues That Stimulate Students' Reflective Thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

How can feedback dialogues stimulate students' reflective thinking? This study aims to investigate: (1) the effects of feedback dialogues between teachers and students on students' perceptions of teacher feedback and (2) the relation between features of feedback dialogues and students' thinking activities as part of reflective thinking. A quasi-experiment was carried out in which 72 secondary education students received written

Marieke Van der Schaaf; Liesbeth Baartman; Frans Prins; Anne Oosterbaan; Harmen Schaap

2011-01-01

18

Streaming Video to Enhance Students' Reflection in Dance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an evaluation case study that describes the experiences of 15 students and 2 teachers using a video-based learning environment, DiViDU, to facilitate students' daily reflection activities in a composition course and a ballet course. To support dance students' reflection processes streaming video was applied as follows: video…

Leijen, Ali; Lam, Ineke; Wildschut, Liesbeth; Simons, P. Robert-Jan; Admiraal, Wilfried

2009-01-01

19

Do All Students "Get It?": Comparing Students' Reflections to Course Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzed student reflection papers from a service learning course and uncovered the benefits reported by student participants; also found similarities in responses despite students' higher or lower performances in the course. (EV)

Litke, Rebecca A.

2002-01-01

20

Enhancing Student Teacher Reflective Practice through Poetry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a seminar process in which poetry is used with student teachers to provide a focal point for reflection and introspection. Through this reflection process, students have been able to reflect deeply and personally on their student-teaching experiences, on their own personalities in the context of those experiences, and on…

Cowin, Kathleen M.

2012-01-01

21

A Reflection on My Teaching Practices Using Students' Math Moments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focus on the reflection of my teaching practices using students' Math Moments. I began to invest time in the past mathematical experiences of my students to better help me understand my own teaching practices. Throughout this paper I will reflect on my own teaching practice, delve into relevant literature and will use poignant math…

Farren, Vanessa

2008-01-01

22

Student Teaching: Reflections of a Relentless Journey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This action research article shares the story of a student teacher and the arduous, but rewarding process of self-reflection. The authors integrate real life examples of the implementation of self-reflective strategies of a student teacher with self-efficacy, teacher life cycle, and effectiveness literature to analyze the student teacher's…

Atiles, Julia; Pinholster, Lauren

2013-01-01

23

Transforming the Teaching of Science Graduate Students through Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an assessment of a biology education seminar for science graduate students. It describes how this seminar emphasized pedagogy "and" reflective assignments to help students identify and explore novel instructional strategies, discover who they are as teachers, focus on student learning, and acknowledge the challenges of…

Schussler, Elisabeth; Torres, Lisette E.; Rybczynski, Stephen; Gerald, Gary W.; Monroe, Emy; Sarkar, Purbasha; Shahi, Dhan; Osman, Muna A.

2008-01-01

24

Background Papers on Student Drug Involvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Student Association (NSA) presents its position on student drug involvement in part 1 of this collection. A resolution calling for re-investigation of existing marijuana laws and guaranteed rights to the privacy of students was passed by NSA in August, 1966. This resolution is discussed. In part 2, papers presented at the National…

Hollander, Charles, Ed.

25

Student Papers and Awards (SIG ED).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a session that recognized student award winners in the information science field, including the UMI (University Microfilms International) Doctoral Dissertation Award; the ISI (Institute for Scientific Information) Doctoral Dissertation Proposal Scholarship; and the Pratt-Severn Best Student Research Paper Award. (LRW)

Proceedings of the ASIS Annual Meeting, 2000

2000-01-01

26

Helping Students Discover Total Internal Reflection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn the basic relationship of Snell's Law, practice applying it to a situation, then are given another situation where it "doesn't work."??? This situation turns out to be one in which total internal reflection occurs. Students are then shown what happens with classroom apparatus.

Harper, Kathleen

27

Meta-cognitive student reflections  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have recently concluded a project testing the effectiveness of a weekly assignment designed to encourage awareness and improvement of meta-cognitive skills. The project is based on the idea that successful problem solvers implement a meta-cognitive process in which they identify the specific concept they are struggling with, and then identify what they understand, what they don't understand, and what they need to know in order to resolve their problem. The assignment required the students to write an email assessing the level of completion of a weekly workbook assignment and to examine in detail their experiences regarding a specific topic they struggled with. The assignment guidelines were designed to coach them through this meta-cognitive process. We responded to most emails with advice for next week's assignment. Our data follow 12 students through a quarter consisting of 11 email assignments which were scored using a rubric based on the assignment guidelines. We found no correlation between rubric scores and final grades. We do have anecdotal evidence that the assignment was beneficial.

Barquist, Britt; Stewart, Jim

2009-05-01

28

Reflecting on the use of student portfolios  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of portfolios in nursing has increased during recent years. We reflect upon the design and implementation of a portfolio for pre-registration nursing students in the School of Care Sciences1at the University of Glamorgan. The portfolio was introduced as the result of the need to address the theory–practice divide and to provide nurse students with the skills to maintain

Sue Harris; Gina Dolan; Gavin Fairbairn

2001-01-01

29

Student Defensiveness as a Threshold to Reflective Learning in Software Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reflective practice is considered to play an important role in students' learning as they encounter difficult material. However, students in this situation sometimes do not behave reflec- tively, but in less productive and more problematic ways. This paper investigates how educators can recognize and analyze students' confusion, and determine whether students are responding reflectively or defensively. Qualitative data for the

Leslie Schwartzman

2007-01-01

30

Using Reflection Documents to Assess Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditional assessment methods such as tests and essays may not be adequate to evaluate students' ability to solve problems and think critically. I developed a qualitative assessment technique for a junior-level Wildlife Management Techniques course that incorporated written responses in a pre- and post-course reflection exercise. I provided the…

Powell, Larkin A.

2009-01-01

31

Reflective learning within clinical physiology: the student’s perspective on the usefulness of reflection as a learning tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty-eight students were asked to complete the research questionnaire and 11 students were also interviewed. Four themes emerged: students’ perception of reflection, relationship of theory to practice, perceived benefits of reflection and perceived limitations or barriers to reflection.Key observations and recommendations: to facilitate the development of the reflective practitioner reflection should be encouraged throughout the programme; using innovative techniques during

Jacqueline Laverty

2012-01-01

32

Reflective learning within clinical physiology: the student’s perspective on the usefulness of reflection as a learning tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty-eight students were asked to complete the research questionnaire and 11 students were also interviewed. Four themes emerged: students’ perception of reflection, relationship of theory to practice, perceived benefits of reflection and perceived limitations or barriers to reflection.Key observations and recommendations: to facilitate the development of the reflective practitioner reflection should be encouraged throughout the programme; using innovative techniques during

Jacqueline Laverty

2011-01-01

33

Fostering an Action-Reflection Dynamic amongst Student Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper seeks to explore changes taking place in a curriculum design for postgraduate teaching in personnel and development, aimed at enhancing lifelong learning. A scheme is described which aims to improve the alignment for professional development of students, in ways that facilitate critically reflective practice.…

Francis, Helen; Cowan, John

2008-01-01

34

"Lights, Camera, Reflection": Using Peer Video to Promote Reflective Dialogue among Student Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the use of peer-videoing in the classroom as a means of promoting reflection among student teachers. Ten pre-service teachers participating in a teacher education programme in a university in the Republic of Ireland and ten pre-service teachers participating in a teacher education programme in a university in the North of…

Harford, Judith; MacRuairc, Gerry; McCartan, Dermot

2010-01-01

35

Reflective Practice and Self-Evaluation in Learning Positive Guidance: Experiences of Early Childhood Practicum Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the role of self-reflection and self-evaluation in early childhood practicum students' development of positive guidance skills with children. We examine how helpful students find self-reflection and self-evaluation exercises and how their thoroughness of reflection relates to their progress in acquiring positive guidance…

McFarland, Laura; Saunders, Rachel; Allen, Sydnye

2009-01-01

36

Using Reflection to Promote Students' Writing Process Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, I demonstrate how the use of reflective writing assignments in first-year composition facilitated students' understanding of their own writing process strategies. I first discuss the theoretical roots from which reflective practice among student writers grows. Next, I employ my students' voices to demonstrate that reflection

Amicucci, Ann N.

2011-01-01

37

"It's Just a Nuisance": Improving College Student Reflective Journal Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While many educators call for having students use reflective journaling in the classroom as both a way of getting students to engage in content matter and as a way to help the students find some level of personal connection to content material, research shows that many students see reflective journaling as merely busy work and, consequently, fail…

Mills, Roxanne

2008-01-01

38

One-Minute Paper: Student Perception of Learning Gains  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine students' perceptions of learning gains when using the one-minute paper. Thirty-one students from the Physical Therapy (PT) and Nurse Anesthesia (NA) programs participated in this study. Students completed the one-minute paper in three classes. An email to students clarified the "muddy"…

Anderson, Deborah; Burns, Shari

2013-01-01

39

Student Searches & the Law. NSSC Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increased presence of drugs and weapons in schools has forced school officials to step up searches of students, lockers, and school property. The landmark case of "New Jersey vs. TLO" set standards concerning reasonable suspicion and reasonable searches. School officials must be familiar with recent court opinions on student searches, use good…

Stephens, Ronald D., Ed.

40

Motivating Students. IDEA Paper No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research results and suggestions concerning motivating college students are considered. Some research has indicated that motivation to learn in school is not fixed, but it is not changed drastically in short time periods either. It has been suggested that students who are not motivated to learn resist new information, and use categorical reasoning…

Cashin, William E.

41

Reflectivity through Journal Writing: Student Teachers Write about Reading Events.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question posed in this study was whether university reading methods courses influenced student teachers' instructional choices through a process of reflective judgment. It also examined the students' actual practices as they related to the complexity of their reflections, and whether reflective judgment could be improved by using journal…

Smith, Lynn C.; Pape, Sharon L.

42

Student Teacher Reflective Writing: What Does It Reveal?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some researchers claim that reflection helps student teachers to better understand their practice teaching. This study aims to explore how deliberate reflection by student teachers is encouraged as a way to prepare, analyse and evaluate their practice. A total of 104 student teachers in primary education participated in this study during their…

Mena-Marcos, Juanjo; Garcia-Rodriguez, Maria-Luisa; Tillema, Harm

2013-01-01

43

School Staff's Reflections on Truant Students: A Positioning Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to explore how school staff members involved in Student Health and Welfare conferences reflect on individual students with high levels of truancy based on their personal relationships. Using positioning analysis, the transcriptions of 15 interviews with staff were analysed. The school staff's reflections on the…

Strand, Anne-Sofie M.; Cedersund, Elisabet

2013-01-01

44

Assessing the Quality of Reflection in Student Journals: A Review of the Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we review 11 research articles that examine the level of reflection found in student journals in higher education across a range of disciplines. Our review reveals little to no consistency in the research community around the mechanisms and process of assessing levels of reflection in student journals. Our analysis also reveals that…

Dyment, Janet E.; O'Connell, Timothy S.

2011-01-01

45

What Medical Students Say about Psychiatry: Results of a Reflection Exercise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The author describes the results of a reflection exercise for psychiatry clerkship students. Method: The author performed a qualitative analysis on 100 "reflection" papers written by medical students in their psychiatry clerkship and identified the most prominent thematic content. Results: The most common thematic content involved…

Brenner, Adam M.

2011-01-01

46

Engaging young students in scientific investigations: prompting for meaningful reflection  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the verbal prompts a tutor used to promote reflection and young students’ responses to these prompts.\\u000a Seven children (ages 8–12) participated in 260 min of one-on-one tutoring to learn scientific concepts related to gear movement;\\u000a the tutor spontaneously provided these students with 763 prompts for reflection. Prompts reliably induced reflection: Students\\u000a responded verbally 87% of the time. Turn-by-turn

Travis Wilson; Michelle Perry; Carolyn J. Anderson; Dean Grosshandler

47

Action Research and Reflective Student Teaching at UW--Madison: Issues and Examples.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines some of the issues that emerged from guiding student teachers through the experience of conducting action research. Action research was used a a way of working toward a student teaching experience that would provide opportunities and structures to facilitate and enhance the students' development as reflective teachers. Several…

Noffke, Susan E.; Brennan, Marie

48

Cheating by Students: Findings, Reflections, and Remedies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A University of New Mexico medical school study investigated opinions of faculty and students concerning student unethical behavior; discrepancies between the two groups' perceptions; prevalence of such behavior, as estimated by faculty and students; and policy and procedures concerning instances of unethical student behavior. (Author/MSE)

Anderson, Robert E.; Obenshain, S. Scott

1994-01-01

49

Preparing Students to Write a Professional Philosophy of Recreation Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a process for guiding students through the writing of a Professional Philosophy of Recreation Paper and a one-page philosophy statement suitable for use in students' professional portfolios. The authors describe how the review of recreation education literature, scholarship on teaching and learning, and assessment of student

Stevens, Cheryl; Schneider, Paige P.; Johnson, Corey W.

2012-01-01

50

Defense Technical Information Center's 2010 Student Paper Competition: The Winning Papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In support of the Department of Defense (DoD) Scientific and Technical Information Program, the Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) sponsored an annual Student Paper Competition for students in graduate programs in library and information science....

A. Ben Eli C. E. Jacobson H. C. Bachrach J. Hutchins S. Lantzy

2010-01-01

51

Engaging Young Students in Scientific Investigations: Prompting for Meaningful Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the verbal prompts a tutor used to promote reflection and young students' responses to these prompts. Seven children (ages 8-12) participated in 260 min of one-on-one tutoring to learn scientific concepts related to gear movement; the tutor spontaneously provided these students with 763 prompts for reflection. Prompts reliably…

Wilson, Travis; Perry, Michelle; Anderson, Carolyn J.; Grosshandler, Dean

2012-01-01

52

Grading Mainstreamed Handicapped Students. Position Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The position paper of the Grand Island, Nebraska, schools supports the assumption that when a pupil's handicap affects his ability to learn and perform, appropriate special education should include guidelines for special grading. The paper identifies grading obstacles such as differing perceptions of various participants in the grading process.…

Shanks, Robert D., Jr., Ed.

53

Cheating by students: findings, reflections, and remedies.  

PubMed

Cheating among students is surprisingly frequent and may be increasing. The 1991 study reported herein was prompted by an episode of cheating involving three second-year medical students at the University of New Mexico School of Medicine (UNM SOM) and was undertaken (1) to elicit the opinions of faculty members and students at that institution about whether selected descriptions of students' behaviors were unethical; (2) to document possible discrepancies between the opinions of the two groups concerning these behaviors; (3) to define the prevalence of unethical behavior among current students as estimated by faculty and students; and (4) to determine how best to approach future instances of unethical behavior. Questionnaires were distributed to all faculty and students. The first two parts, sent to both groups, concerned reactions to a series of described physician and student behaviors. For each described behavior, respondents were asked whether or not it was unethical and, for the described student behaviors, whether they had personal knowledge of such behavior by local medical students. The third portion of the questionnaire concerned faculty perceptions regarding students' behaviors over time. With the exception of the class involved in the cheating incident, faculty and students were surprisingly similar in their opinions regarding the ethical nature of the described behaviors. According to both faculty and students, there was a significant incidence ( > or = to 10% of the respondents) of unethical behavior at the school of medicine, most commonly in relation to cheating on examinations.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:8166911

Anderson, R E; Obenshain, S S

1994-05-01

54

Measuring Student Satisfaction from the Student Outcomes Survey. Technical Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Student Outcomes Survey is an annual national survey of vocational education and training (VET) students. Since 1995, participants have been asked to rate their satisfaction with different aspects of their training, grouped under three main themes: teaching, assessment, and generic skills and learning experiences. While the composition of the…

Fieger, Peter

2012-01-01

55

Evaluation of a social pediatrics elective: transforming students' perspective through reflection.  

PubMed

Objective. The aim of this study was to examine aspects of a social pediatrics elective that led to student self-reflection and transformation. Methods. To assess student learning from our social pediatric elective, we retrospectively evaluated self-reflection papers. We focused on the effectiveness of the educational approach to inspire students to incorporate the social determinants of health into their practice. Furthermore, in each reflection paper, we looked for evidence of different phases of transformation. Results. The social determinants of health were the most commonly described theme. Poverty was mentioned directly or described implicitly in almost all papers. For many students, seeing the social context of patients in real life, whether in a special clinic or at a home visit, was a disturbing and disorienting experience that triggered transformation. Conclusion. The use of reflection papers in the evaluation of a social pediatric elective documented transformative learning. PMID:24671873

van den Heuvel, Meta; Au, Hosanna; Levin, Leo; Bernstein, Stacey; Ford-Jones, Elizabeth; Martimianakis, Maria Athina Tina

2014-06-01

56

Positive Experiences as Input for Reflection by Student Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many teacher training courses, reflection upon practice plays a very important role in learning to teach. A number of strategies have been developed to help student teachers learn to reflect. Current reflection strategies often focus on problematic instead of on positive experiences. Ideas from positive psychology and solution-based therapy…

Janssen, Fred; de Hullu, Els; Tigelaar, Dineke

2008-01-01

57

How to Determine the Quality of Students' Reflections?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses some of the ambiguities related to the concept of reflection in education, and presents an alternative approach for determining the focus and quality of students' reflection. Accordingly, the focus of reflection can vary from a concrete technical aspect of an experience to the broader societal context of that experience, and…

Leijen, Ali; Valtna, Kai; Leijen, Djuddah A. J.; Pedaste, Margus

2012-01-01

58

BOOK REVIEW: A Student's Guide to Einstein's Major Papers A Student's Guide to Einstein's Major Papers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The core of this volume is formed by four chapters (2-5) with detailed reconstructions of the arguments and derivations in four of Einstein's most important papers, the three main papers of his annus mirabilis 1905 (on the light quantum, Brownian motion, and special relativity) and his first systematic exposition of general relativity of 1916. The derivations are given in sufficient detail and in sufficiently modernized notation (without any serious distortion of the originals) for an undergraduate physics major to read and understand them with far less effort than it would take him or her to understand (English translations of) Einstein's original papers. Each of these four papers is accompanied by a detailed introduction, which covers the conceptual development of the relevant field prior to Einstein's contribution to it and corrects some of the myths surrounding these papers that still have not been fully eradicated among physicists. (One quibble: though Kennedy correctly points out that the goal of the light quantum paper was not to explain the photoelectric effect, it is also not quite right to say that 'it was written to explain the Wien region of blackbody radiation' (p. xv). Einstein used this explanatory feat as the central argument for his light quantum hypothesis.) These four chapters then are the most valuable part of the volume. They could be used, independently of one another, but preferably in conjunction with Einstein's original texts, in courses on quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, electrodynamics, and general relativity, respectively, to add a historical component to such courses. As a historian of science embedded in a physics department who is regularly called upon to give guest lectures in such courses on the history of their subjects, I can highly recommend the volume for this purpose. However, I would not adopt this volume as (one of) the central text(s) for a course on the history of modern physics. For one thing, chapter 1, which in just 26 pages (not counting six pages of notes and references) covers everything from Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler and Newton to Maxwell and Lorentz to Einstein's early biography to a cardboard version of Popper versus Kuhn, is too superficial to be useful for such a course. To a lesser extent, this is also true for chapter 6, which compresses the development of quantum theory after Einstein's 1905 paper into 20 pages (plus seven pages of notes and references) and for chapter 7, a brief epilogue. However, this is not my main worry. One could easily supplement or even replace the bookends of the volume with other richer sources and use this volume mainly for its excellent detailed commentaries on some Einstein classics in the four chapters in between. My more serious reservation about the use of the volume as a whole in a history of physics course, ironically, comes from the exact same feature that made me whole-heartedly recommend its core chapters for physics courses. This is especially true for the chapters on special and general relativity. How useful is it for a student to go through, in as much detail as this volume provides, the Lorentz transformation of Maxwell's equations in vector form? I can see how a student in an E&M class (with a section on special relativity) might benefit from this exercise. The clumsiness of the calculations in vector form by Lorentz and Einstein could help a student encountering Maxwell's equations in tensor form for the first time appreciate the advantages of the latter formalism. Similarly, it would be useful for a student in a GR class to go through the basics of tensor calculus in the old-fashioned but not inelegant mathematical introduction of Einstein's 1916 review article on general relativity. This could reinforce mastery of material that a student in a GR class will have to learn anyway (though Einstein's presentation of the mathematics of both special and general relativity in The Meaning of Relativity would seem to be more suitable for these purposes). It is not so clear what benefit a student in a history of phy

Janssen, Michel

2013-12-01

59

Reflections on Graduate Student PBL Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study designed to contribute to existing research on Problem-Based Learning (PBL) chose a focus group comprising 16 MSc. Petroleum Engineering students (six females). Using PBL as the method of instruction, students examined a real-life petroleum engineering problem that highlighted numerous areas of their existing curriculum. They worked in…

McDonald, Betty

2008-01-01

60

Acting on Reflection: the Effect of Reflection on Students’ Clinical Performance on a Standardized Patient Examination  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Background  Little evidence exists to support the value of reflection in the clinical setting.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Objective  To determine whether reflecting and revisiting the “patient” during a standardized patient (SP) examination improves junior\\u000a medical students’ performance and to analyze students’ perceptions of its value.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Design  Students completed a six-encounter clinical skills examination, writing a guided assessment after each encounter to trigger\\u000a reflection. SPs evaluated the

Benjamin Blatt; Margaret Plack; Joyce Maring; Matthew Mintz; Samuel J. Simmens

2007-01-01

61

When Theory Meets Practice: What Student Teachers Learn from Guided Reflection on Their Own Classroom Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on extant theorizing and research on reflective teaching, this paper discusses the impact of an innovative methods course designed around the activity of student teachers' reflections on their own classroom discourse, for their understandings of the connections between theory and practice. Situated in the context of foreign language…

Orland-Barak, Lily; Yinon, Hayuta

2007-01-01

62

Student Teachers' Reflections on their Learning Process through Collaborative Problem Solving in Geometry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports research that focuses on student teachers' reflections on their learning process in a collaborative problem-solving context. One group of students with limited mathematical backgrounds worked on two problems in geometry without teacher intervention. We focus on two episodes from the group dialogues. In the first episode (section…

Bjuland, Raymond

2004-01-01

63

Developing Different Forms of Student Feedback to Promote Teacher Reflection: A 10-Year Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a 10-year collaboration between a teacher educator and a high-school science teacher as they investigated different ways to gather student feedback to enhance teacher reflection. Four different procedures were developed during this time: (i) interviews by a teacher educator with students; (ii) learning logs written by…

Hoban, Garry; Hastings, Geoff

2006-01-01

64

Student Teachers Socialization Development by Teaching Blog: Reflections and Socialization Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to probe into the cognitive sources and reflective content of student teachers' socialization, such as job proficiency, goals and values, school culture, and role regulation by "teaching blog". This paper utilizes eight student teachers of business, data processing, Chinese, English, science, and technology as subjects. Through…

Chou, Chun-Mei

2011-01-01

65

Rural Reflections. Occasional Paper No. 2. Fall 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains six papers describing program-based research from rural literacy program in Ontario, Canada. Some of the reports describe action research from pilot projects. The papers raise questions about responding to the special challenges of rural needs, such as whether there is an additional expense to providing service of equal…

Literacy Field Research Group, Dundas (Ontario).

66

Training English Language Student Teachers to Become Reflective Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflective teaching practice has become a central theme in professional growth at the pre-service teacher education level almost everywhere. English language teaching (ELT) teacher trainers, like any other teacher trainers, have a powerful role to play in fostering reflection in their student teachers through the approaches and strategies they…

Al-Issa, Ali; Al-Bulushi, Ali

2010-01-01

67

The Reflective Learning Model: Supervision of Social Work Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A key task for the field education supervisor is to facilitate reflection in beginning practice, and to promote in the student a sense of ownership, mastery and understanding of his or her clinical process. At the same time the supervisor is charged to instruct and guide the student. A major challenge for the supervisor is to balance these two dimensions

Allyson Mary Davys; Liz Beddoe

2009-01-01

68

Scaffolding Students' Knowledge Integration: Prompts for Reflection in KIE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Encouraging students to be autonomous is an important goal of the Scaffolded Knowledge Integration (SKI) framework. Investigates learning and design questions. Indicates that prompting students to reflect significantly increases knowledge integration in science projects. Shows that self-monitoring prompts, which encourage planning for and…

Davis, Elizabeth A.; Linn, Marcia C.

2000-01-01

69

Developing a Student-Centered Approach to Reflective Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a student-centered approach to reflective learning through a partnership between disciplinary-based academic staff and educational development staff members in a postgraduate Environmental Engineering Postgraduate Diploma/MSc program at the University of Strathclyde. Students were encouraged to maintain project management logbooks to…

Stefani, Lorraine A. J.; Clarke, Joe; Littlejohn, Allison H.

2000-01-01

70

Reflection on Engaging Student-Teaching-Artists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community development through the arts is a process of creating bridges between people. The education and training for student-teaching-artists confronts them with real-world challenges and the need for sensitivity as they move in and out of many different communities. In this article, the author, an interdisciplinary artist, describes an…

Ng-He, Carol

2010-01-01

71

Individual Teacher Incentives and Student Performance. Working Paper 8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is the first to systematically document the relationship between individual teacher performance incentives and student achievement using United States data. We combine data from the National Education Longitudinal Survey on schools, students, and their families with our own survey conducted in 2000 regarding the use of teacher…

Figlio, David N.; Kenny, Lawrence W.

2007-01-01

72

Reflective Learning Groups for Student Nurses  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a An often-reported difficulty undergraduate student nurses confront in participating effectively in healthcare workplaces is\\u000a the perceived mismatch between the experiences provided in the university setting and the practice setting. In particular,\\u000a the pedagogical approaches currently employed in university settings are held to inadequately prepare graduates for the transition\\u000a to their professional role. As part of a larger project exploring preparation

Jennifer M. Newton

73

Student Teaching and Critical Reflection: A Teacher Education Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study examined the extent and nature of the critical reflection and critically reflective teaching evident among three secondary preservice teachers, noting factors that hindered and supported the instructor's attempts to promote critically reflective teaching and discussing social reconstructionist factors. The paper emphasizes the…

Dinkelman, Todd

74

Reflection through Web Discussions: Assessing Nursing Students' Work-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate evidence for the use of web discussion in the assessment of work-based learning in practical nurse education. The paper seeks to investigate what kind of conclusions can be drawn from the students' learning and learning processes, especially from their ability to reflect by analysing web…

Hulkari, Kirsti; Mahlamaki-Kultanen, Seija

2008-01-01

75

Integrating Mindfulness and Reflection in the Teaching and Learning of Listening Skills for Undergraduate Social Work Students in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper illustrates how mindfulness and reflection exercises can be integrated into the teaching and learning of active listening skills, an integral component of relationship skills training. This pedagogy was first trialled on a small cohort of 15 students and the improved version was applied with a second cohort of 53 students. Through the mindfulness and reflection exercises which were

Esther C. L. Goh

2011-01-01

76

Reflections on Deviance in 1984: Selected Papers from the 1984 Midwest Symposium in Behavior Disorders. National Needs Analysis in Behavior Disorders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three papers from a symposium on "Reflections on Deviance in 1984" are presented with particular emphasis on educational programs for behavior disordered students. An initial paper by James A. and Robert H. Zabel entitled "Reflections on Deviance in Nineteen Eighty-Four: A Conversation with 'George Orwell'," presents a simulated conversation with…

Grosenick, Judith, Ed.; And Others

77

Developing Students' Skills in Reflective Practice: Design and Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines learning journals as a method for developing self-awareness within a business education context, exploring "how can effective design and assessment of reflective journals assist the development of students' self-knowledge?" The authors describe three different approaches to learning journals, with each case study outlining…

Pavlovich, Kathryn; Collins, Eva; Jones, Glyndwr

2009-01-01

78

Developing Students' Skills in Reflective PracticeDesign and Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines learning journals as a method for developing self-awareness within a business education context, exploring “how can effective design and assessment of reflective journals assist the development of students' self-knowledge?” The authors describe three different approaches to learning journals, with each case study outlining the purpose of the course and the learning journal within it, the design and

Kathryn Pavlovich; Eva Collins; Glyndwr Jones

2009-01-01

79

Enhancing Student Success by Treating "Student Jobs" as "Real Jobs". Noel-Levitz White Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a time of scarce resources, many colleges and universities are looking for ways to stretch their existing resources for student success. At the same time, most institutions have a significant number of student workers. This paper presents the latest research that describes the vital role of on-campus employment in student retention. This report…

Noel-Levitz, Inc, 2010

2010-01-01

80

Compendium: Graduate student papers on advanced surface transportation systems, 1998  

SciTech Connect

This document is the culmination of the eighth offering of an innovative transportation engineering graduate course at Texas A and M University entitled, Advanced Surface Transportation Systems. The eighth offering of the course was presented during the summer 1998 term. As part of the course, a mentors program provides students with unique learning experiences. Six top-level transportation professionals from private enterprise and departments of transportation, who are leaders in their field and who have extensive experience with intelligent transportation systems, were invited to Texas A and M University to present a 1 1/2-day symposium on advanced surface transportation systems at the beginning of the summer term. Immediately following the symposium, the students enrolled in the course participated in a forum and a workshop with the transportation professionals and course instructor. Each students had discussions with the transportation professionals and the course instructor to identify a topic area for a term paper. Based on mutual interests, each student was assigned to one of the professionals who served as a mentor (along with the course instructor) for the remainder of the summer term. Each student worked with his/her mentor and course instructor to identify a topic area and objectives for a term paper. In addition to discussions with the course instructor, the students (communicating via telephone, fax, e-mail, and mail) worked directly with the mentors throughout the term while preparing their term papers. The mentors returned to the Texas A and M University campus near the end of the summer term to hear and critique the students` presentations.

NONE

1998-08-01

81

Students' Reflections on Their Learning Experiences: Lessons from a Longitudinal Study on the Development of Mathematical Ideas and Reasoning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper characterizes the views on mathematical learning of five high school students based on the students' reflections on their mathematical experiences in a longitudinal study that focused on the development of mathematical ideas and reasoning in particular research conditions. The students' views are presented according to five themes about…

Francisco, John M.

2005-01-01

82

ICCE/ICCAI 2000 Full & Short Papers (Student Modeling).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the following full and short papers on student modeling from ICCE/ICCAI 2000 (International Conference on Computers in Education/International Conference on Computer-Assisted Instruction): (1) "A Computational Model for Learner's Motivation States in Individualized Tutoring System" (Behrouz H. Far and Anete H. Hashimoto);…

2000

83

Reflective journal writing: how it promotes reflective thinking in clinical nursing education: a students' perspective.  

PubMed

According to the outcomes-based education and training system of education (OBET) in the country and the South African Nursing Council, education should focus on "creating" reflective learners and practitioners. This article seeks to determine the effectiveness of reflective journal writing in promoting the reflective thinking of learners in clinical nursing education and to validate the guidelines described in a bigger study on how to facilitate reflective thinking using reflective journal writing. A qualitative, contextual, explorative, descriptive research design was used to determine the learners' perceptions on whether reflective journal writing did promote their higher-level thinking skills during the six-month placement in a psychiatric clinical practice using the reflective diaries. From a population of seventeen fourth-year students, six volunteered to participate in a focus group interview. The data was analysed by means of the descriptive method of open coding of Tesch (in Creswell, 1994:154-156). Positive and negative results from the perceptions of the participants and a literature review served as a basis for deducing and describing guidelines for the effective use of reflective journal writing in promoting reflective thinking in clinical nursing education. The positive perception was the development of problem-solving skills attained through reflection by using analytical critical thinking, synthesis and the evaluation of situations. Self-evaluation leading to intellectual growth and self-awareness indicated a positive perception. Negative perceptions were that reflective journal writing is time consuming, content based with a lack of clear expectations from the teacher, and distrust of students about the information written. Guba's model of ensuring trustworthiness in qualitative research as described in Krefting (1991:215-222) was employed. It is concluded that reflective journal writing in clinical nursing education does promote reflective thinking and learning. The use of the developed guidelines will minimise the negative perceptions. It is recommended that the guidelines be used in basic training at all levels of training to attain the objective of nursing education and training, which is to produce a critical, analytical thinker through reflection to improve practice. PMID:12434637

Kok, J; Chabeli, M M

2002-08-01

84

Reflective and Collaborative Teaching Practice: Working towards quality student learning outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cycle of reflection and revision can be used to involve students and teaching staff in the development of curriculum and teaching methods, with a resultant increase in quality learning outcomes. The paper describes the process used in an undergraduate management ethics course, which resulted in an increased emphasis on collaborative teaching and the introduction of integrated communication skills. Qualitative

Howard Harris; Tracey Bretag

2003-01-01

85

Mandatory Trialling of Support Services by International Students: What They Choose and How They Reflect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper evaluates a strategy to promote the uptake of support services by international students (ISs) at an Australian university. As part of their assessment, ISs completed a so-called "University Service Reflection Task" (USRT) in a core first-year course. To complete the USRT, all ISs accessed one support service (e.g. language…

Fenton-Smith, Ben; Michael, Rowan

2013-01-01

86

Student Reflections of Sport Education in One Urban Australian Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores a Sport Education pilot project as a case study of the approach in a primary school setting. The data was obtained from the end of unit written reflections of a class of upper primary students in an urban Australian primary school. The Sport Education unit of work was implemented by the school's physical education teacher who…

Pill, Shane

2010-01-01

87

Supervisor Reflections on Developing Doctoralness in Practice-Based Doctoral Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to share the reflections of a group of five academics who started supervising practice-based doctoral students at a similar time in the same institution. Design/methodology/approach: The supervisors engaged in a collaborative research process themselves, exploring their supervision practices, due in part to…

Blass, Eddie; Jasman, Anne; Levy, Roger

2012-01-01

88

Reflection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students learn that infrared light is reflected in the same manner as visible light. Students align a series of mirrors so that they can turn on a TV with a remote control when the remote is not in a direct line with the TV. As a result of their experiment with reflection, students deduce that infrared light is another form of light and is a part of the electromagnetic spectrum. Section 1 of the activity guide includes teacher notes, information on materials and preparation, student misconceptions and a student pre-test. Each activity section also includes teacher notes, student activity sheets, and answer keys. This activity requires a TV and remote control. It is the third of four activities in Active Astronomy, which are designed to complement instruction on the electromagnetic spectrum, focusing on infrared light.

89

Investigating Students' Reflective Thinking in the Introductory Physics Course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past 30 years, physics education research has guided the development of instructional strategies that can significantly enhance students' functional understanding of concepts in introductory physics. Recently, attention has shifted to instructional goals that, while widely shared by teachers of physics, are often more implicit than explicit in our courses. These goals involve the expectations and attitudes that students have about what it means to learn and understand physics, together with the behaviors and actions students think they should engage in to accomplish this learning. Research has shown that these ``hidden'' elements of the curriculum are remarkably resistant to instruction. In fact, traditional physics courses tend to produce movement away from expert-like behaviors. At Western Washington University, we are exploring ways of promoting metacognition, an aspect of the hidden curriculum that involves the conscious monitoring of one's own thinking and learning. We have found that making this reflective thinking an explicit part of the course may not be enough: adequate framing and scaffolding may be necessary for students to meaningfully engage in metacognition. We have thus taken the basic approach of developing metacognition, like conceptual understanding, through guided inquiry. During our teaching experiments, we have collected written and video data, with twin goals of guiding iterative modifications to the instruction as well as contributing to the knowledge base about student metacognition in introductory physics. This talk will provide examples of metacognition activities from course assignments and labs, and will present written data to assess the effectiveness of instruction and to illustrate specific modes of students' reflective thinking.

Boudreaux, Andrew

2010-10-01

90

Reflections on Refugee Students' Major Perceptions of Education in Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reflective study explores refugee students' perceptions of the educational approach used in Kakuma Refugee Camp in Kenya. The study focuses on my personal reflections as a teacher and a student in this camp, and as a refugee. My goal of writing this narrative is to reflect fully on the refugee students' life in a camp and then contribute to…

Mareng, Chuei D.

2010-01-01

91

Designing a Classroom as a Learner-Centered Learning Environment Prompting Students' Reflective Thinking in K-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Only few studies have explicitly attended to the nature of the perceived underlying factors that prompt young adolescents' reflective thinking in association with K-12 learning environment. This paper focuses on an analysis of the factors that are perceived by young students as prompting their reflective thinking and how those factors apply to the…

Kim, Kyoungna; Grabowski, Barbara L.; Sharma, Priya

2004-01-01

92

Students' Self-Evaluation and Reflection (Part 1): "Measurement"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The objective of the paper is the development and validation of scales to assess reflective learning. Design/methodology/approach: The research is based on a literature review plus in-classroom experience. For the scale validation process, exploratory and confirmatory analyses were conducted, following proposals made by Anderson and…

Cambra-Fierro, Jesus; Cambra-Berdun, Jesus

2007-01-01

93

Catching them is one thing, keeping them is something else: Reflections on teaching first year university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper documents teaching practices that have been identified, by the teaching team, as improving student success rates in a first year tertiary level compulsory subject. Constructivism, scaffolding, social presence and reflective practice are the key concepts which have proved to be successful in transitioning students in this subject to university study. Outcomes have consisted of goal achievement by individual

S. Werth

94

Analysis of the use of an accidental competency discourse as a reflective tool for professional placement students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Situated learning in professional practice is increasingly recognized as a key component of engineering curricula. One challenge in this context is to establish a reflexive link between the students' learning at university and their experiences in practice. This paper proposes the accidental competency discourse as an alternative tool to support students' experiential learning through reflection on critical learning events. The

Joachim Walther; David Radcliffe; Llewellyn Mann

2007-01-01

95

Online Reflective Group Discussion--Connecting First Year Undergraduate Students with Their Third Year Peers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University professional programs seek to develop students as reflective practitioners. The ability to critically reflect is often assumed to occur along the way. The explicit development of critical reflective skills among students is challenging. This study describes the utilization of online group discussion for critical reflection and provides…

Tsang, Annetta K. L.

2011-01-01

96

Prompting Middle School Science Students for Productive Reflection: Generic and Directed Prompts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates ways of prompting middle school science students to reflection. Contrasts two types of reflection prompts, generic prompts and directed prompts. Discusses the relationship between reflection types and student understanding of a science project. Describes the role of reflection in prompting multiple, complementary knowledge integration…

Davis, Elizabeth A.

2003-01-01

97

When Does Student Satisfaction Matter? AIR 1995 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between student satisfaction and performance and persistence were studied at a large midwestern, urban commuter university. A student satisfaction survey was completed by 1,643 students (out of 3,004 students), who rated their level of satisfaction with 48 specific and 5 general aspects of their college experiences. Performance…

Wince, Michael H.; Borden, Victor M. H.

98

Connections: A Comprehensive Student Portal. Concept Paper and Proposal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A student Web portal is a personalized, student-centric view of College Web resources. The "Artemis" system at Florida Community College at Jacksonville (FCCJ), represents movement toward realization of the efficiencies and student service possibilities of a Web portal. This proposal recommends a radical expansion of Artemis functions, one that…

Harr, Gary Lynn

99

Using video-cases to assess student reflection: Development and validation of an instrument  

PubMed Central

Background Reflection is a meta-cognitive process, characterized by: 1. Awareness of self and the situation; 2. Critical analysis and understanding of both self and the situation; 3. Development of new perspectives to inform future actions. Assessors can only access reflections indirectly through learners’ verbal and/or written expressions. Being privy to the situation that triggered reflection could place reflective materials into context. Video-cases make that possible and, coupled with a scoring rubric, offer a reliable way of assessing reflection. Methods Fourth and fifth year undergraduate medical students were shown two interactive video-cases and asked to reflect on this experience, guided by six standard questions. The quality of studentsreflections were scored using a specially developed Student Assessment of Reflection Scoring rubric (StARS®). Reflection scores were analyzed concerning interrater reliability and ability to discriminate between students. Further, the intra-rater reliability and case specificity were estimated by means of a generalizability study with rating and case scenario as facets. Results Reflection scores of 270 students ranged widely and interrater reliability was acceptable (Krippendorff’s alpha?=?0.88). The generalizability study suggested 3 or 4 cases were needed to obtain reliable ratings from 4th year students and???6 cases from 5th year students. Conclusion Use of StARS® to assess student reflections triggered by standardized video-cases had acceptable discriminative ability and reliability. We offer this practical method for assessing reflection summatively, and providing formative feedback in training situations.

2012-01-01

100

Reactions of Students to Reflective Learning in a Technical Report-Writing Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how two groups of computer students reacted to tasks involving different degrees of reflectivity. Results indicate that students found almost all tasks, including the reflective ones, helpful and relevant although the intervention group studied disliked the reflective tasks, especially those at the metacognitive level. (15 references)…

Ho, Belinda

1997-01-01

101

The Impact of Surface and Reflective Teaching and Learning on Student Academic Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of surface and reflective teaching and learning on students' academic success was studied with 178 students in grades 6 through 8 at a middle school in Tennessee. Students were surveyed to determine their experiences in the classroom with regard to surface or reflective teaching in their Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, and Social…

Smith, Wade; Sekar, Sharada; Brandon, Kiuleia

102

Effects of Reflective Thinking in the Process of Designing Software on Students' Learning Performances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of reflective thinking effects in the process of designing software on students' learning performances. The study contends that reflective thinking is a useful teaching strategy to improve learning performance among lower achieving students. Participants were students from two groups: Higher…

Hsieh, Pei-Hsuan; Chen, Nian-Shing

2012-01-01

103

College Physics Students' Epistemological Self-Reflection and Its Relationship to Conceptual Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores self-reflection skills and views in the context of an introductory physics course for first-year engineering honors students. Measures students' conceptual learning gains using standard survey instruments. Finds that students with high conceptual gains tend to show reflection on learning that is more articulate and epistemologically…

May, David B.; Etkina, Eugenia

2002-01-01

104

Discipline and School Ethos: Exploring Students' Reflections upon Values, Rules and the Bible in a Christian City Technology College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the way students reflect upon discipline in a City Technology College which has a Bible-based Christian ethos. This ethos is formally operationalised within college pastoral care and academic structures through a set of seven Core Values. Using ethnographic data and theoretical perspectives derived from Bourdieu this paper

Green, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

105

Lateral light propagation and angular variation of the reflectance of paper  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The appearance of translucent materials is strongly affected by bulk (or sub surface) scattering. For paper and carton board, lateral light propagation and angle-resolved reflection have been studied extensively but treated separately. The present work aims at modelling the BSSRDF of turbid media in order to study the angular variation of the reflectance as function of the lateral propagation within the medium. Monte Carlo simulations of the spatial- and angle resolved reflectance of turbid media are performed for different scattering and absorption coefficients, phase functions and surface topographies representative for uncoated paper grades. The angle-resolved radiance factor of turbid media is found to be function of the lateral light propagation within the substrate and both the reflected radiance factor and the fluorescence emission are found to be clearly non- Lambertian, although the latter clearly depends on the light absorption at the excitation wavelength. It is also suggested that the modelling of uncoated paper should not include surface scattering. The findings impact on the appearance of turbid media at different angles and make measurements of the lateral light propagation dependent on the instrument geometry.

Coppel, Ludovic G.

2014-02-01

106

Enhancing Students' Conceptual Understanding by Engaging Science Text with Reflective Writing as a Hermeneutical Circle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Students can have great difficulty reading scientific texts and trying to cope with the professor in the classroom. Part of the reason for students' difficulties is that for a student taking a science gateway course the language, ontology and epistemology of science are akin to a foreign culture. There is thus an analogy between such a student and an anthropologist spending time among a native group in some remote part of the globe. This brings us naturally to the subject of hermeneutics. It is through language that we attempt to understand an alien culture. The hermeneutical circle involves the interplay between our construct of the unfamiliar with our own outlook that deepens with each pass. It can be argued that for novice students to acquire a full understanding of scientific texts, they also need to pursue a recurrent construction of their comprehension of scientific concepts. In this paper it is shown how an activity, reflective-writing, can enhance students' understanding of concepts in their textbook by getting students to approach text in the manner of a hermeneutical circle. This is illustrated using studies made at three post-secondary institutions.

Kalman, Calvin S.

2011-02-01

107

Portable paper-based device for quantitative colorimetric assays relying on light reflectance principle.  

PubMed

This paper presents a novel paper-based analytical device based on the colorimetric paper assays through its light reflectance. The device is portable, low cost (<20 dollars), and lightweight (only 176 g) that is available to assess the cost-effectiveness and appropriateness of the original health care or on-site detection information. Based on the light reflectance principle, the signal can be obtained directly, stably and user-friendly in our device. We demonstrated the utility and broad applicability of this technique with measurements of different biological and pollution target samples (BSA, glucose, Fe, and nitrite). Moreover, the real samples of Fe (II) and nitrite in the local tap water were successfully analyzed, and compared with the standard UV absorption method, the quantitative results showed good performance, reproducibility, and reliability. This device could provide quantitative information very conveniently and show great potential to broad fields of resource-limited analysis, medical diagnostics, and on-site environmental detection. PMID:24375226

Li, Bowei; Fu, Longwen; Zhang, Wei; Feng, Weiwei; Chen, Lingxin

2014-04-01

108

The Student and the System. Occasional Papers No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a report of proceedings of the November 1969 conference sponsored by the Graduate Students' Association, OISE. The purpose of the conference was to explore common elements in the educational system at the secondary and postsecondary levels focusing on the changing role of the student in the system. Participants included administrators,…

Rusk, Bruce; And Others

109

Accreditation and Student Consumer Protection. An Occasional Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of postsecondary accreditation and its relation to student consumer protection are discussed in this monograph. The importance of this concept is examined in light of increased marketing efforts on the part of higher education institutions. It is emphasized that students are consumers and their rights should be protected. Possible areas…

Jung, Steven M.

110

Counseling The Mexican-American Student: A Position Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors attempt to increase understanding of the Chicano student in a community college setting. The attitudes and values of a counselor are very important in a counseling relationship; therefore, a counselor must be honest with himself in analyzing his own feelings about those who are different from himself. Many Chicano students enter…

Gonzalez, Carlos; And Others

111

Examining integrative thinking through the transformation of students' written reflections into concept webs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A shift is currently taking place in which explicit connections between content are being emphasized. Biology is not an isolated discipline, yet undergraduate courses frequently focus on discrete knowledge. Students often engage in rote learning, struggle with transforming and applying content. Integrative thinking occurs when students recognize connections to content. Written reflections provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate this thinking. We transformed student-written reflections into concept webs to gain insights into how students connect biological concepts. We were interested in determining if characteristics of integrative thinking develop through reflections. The results indicate a significant relationship between concepts and integrated relationships. Integrative thinking varied but declined overall. Concept webs allow for an examination of student integrative thinking through the transformation of reflection and provide insights into the connections and relationships that students draw between biological concepts. Reflections can transform learning by facilitating and allowing for the evaluation of integrative thinking.

Brittany Ziegler (Minnesota State University)

2012-12-01

112

Reflection: Issues Related To Improving Professors' Teaching and Students' Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes research on the reflection of six professors regarding their thinking about teaching. Topics include the model of the metacognitive process of reflection; the role of reflection in knowledge construction; the role of reflection in teaching development, including conceptual change; and the relationship between reflective teaching and…

McAlpine, Lynn; Weston, Cynthia

2000-01-01

113

Reflecting on Service: Helping Nursing Students Get the Most from Service-Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents tools to assist students with reflection on service learning: Kolb's experiential learning cycle, role playing, journal writing, and a map for planning reflection activities before, during, and after service. (SK)

Eyler, Janet

2002-01-01

114

Teaching, Reflecting, and Writing from the Heart: High School Students Learn about and from Preschoolers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective teacher educators reflect and upon reflection, make important changes to lessons, units, and instructional strategies. But have they ever considered the importance reflection has for students or what bearing "their" reflections have on them as their teachers? During the first six weeks of the (introductory) Child Development and…

Wolff, Ann Lesser

2012-01-01

115

Computer-Mediated Peer Review of Student Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Barriers to peer review of student work can be overcome using computer-mediated systems ranging from customized software to e-mail, multiuser object-oriented systems (MOOs), and Web-based projects. (SK)

Sullivan, Dave; Brown, Carol E.; Nielson, Norma L.

1998-01-01

116

An innovative approach to developing the reflective skills of medical students  

PubMed Central

Background Development of the reflective skills of medical students is an acknowledged objective of medical education. Description Description of an educational exercise which uses an email-based process for developing the reflective skills of undergraduate medical students. Student quotations illustrate learning outcomes qualitatively. Discussion The process described is immediate, direct, linked to learning objectives, enables rapid responses to be given to the students individually, and is followed by group sharing of learning. It provides a rigorous and robust feedback loop for students. It is relatively economic for teachers and incidentally benefits curriculum design and evolution. The approach supports development of a reflective approach to learning.

Henderson, Penny; Johnson, Martin H

2002-01-01

117

Factors Associated With Reflection Among Students After an Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) in Sweden  

PubMed Central

Objective To identify individual and social factors associated with pharmacy students' level of reflection in an advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE). Methods A postal questionnaire, including a reflective assignment, was sent to all pharmacy interns (n=262) at Uppsala University, Sweden, for 4 semesters in 2005-2007. Results In a univariate analysis, 7 factors were found to be associated with students' level of reflection. After controlling for covariates, 3 social factors were found to be independently associated with reflection: having a formal preceptor (OR=5.3), being at a small pharmacy (OR=19.8), and students' perception of the importance of discussing critical thinking with the preceptor (OR=1.2). No correlation could be observed between level of reflection and critical thinking, nor learning style. Conclusion Social components seem to be of higher importance than individual components in students' reflective levels after pharmacy internship experience. Trained preceptors are important to foster reflection skills.

Lindblad, Asa Kettis; Gustavsson, Maria; Ring, Lena

2009-01-01

118

Motivating Weak Students: A Critical Discussion and Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The motivation of students is regarded as one of the problems in the higher education. One of the reasons for the increasing number of students with low-level of motivation is that there are many students enrolling in universities without adequate level of preparation. Consequently, because of complex material delivered to students and their low…

Ganah, A.

2012-01-01

119

College physics students' epistemological self-reflection and its relationship to conceptual learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students should develop self-reflection skills and appropriate views about knowledge and learning, both for their own sake and because these skills and views may be related to improvements in conceptual understanding. We explored the latter issue in the context of an introductory physics course for first-year engineering honors students. As part of the course, students submitted weekly reports, in which they reflected on how they learned specific physics content. The reports by 12 students were analyzed for the quality of reflection and some of the epistemological beliefs they exhibited. Students' conceptual learning gains were measured with standard survey instruments. We found that students with high conceptual gains tend to show reflection on learning that is more articulate and epistemologically sophisticated than students with lower conceptual gains. Some implications for instruction are suggested.

May, David; Etkina, Eugenia

2005-11-02

120

Developing Student Achievement Measures. Working Paper No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student assessment procedures used by the University of Mid-America/State University of Nebraska (UMA/SUN) for its first two televised courses, Introductory Psychology and Accounting I, are presented in this report. Included are descriptions of various experiments in producing test items, a report on the construction of tests from the items, and a…

Eggert, John

121

The Institutional Costs of Student Attrition. Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research on attrition has focused on the economic consequences of low graduation rates in terms of costs to students and families (from tuition and fees that do not culminate in a credential), lost time, and income and tax losses from low educational attainment in the workforce. However, no systematic attention has been given to another…

Johnson, Nate

2012-01-01

122

Women Students' Leadership Styles and Practices. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the leadership styles and practices of 214 women student leaders at a large public university. Specifically, the study examined: (1) what leadership practices the women embraced; (2) what influence academic aspirations had on leadership practices and sex role characteristics; (3) what sex roles the women embraced; (4) which sex…

Howard-Hamilton, Mary F.; Ferguson, Angela D.

123

The Uniform Migrant Student Record Transfer System. A Position Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Initiated in the mid-sixties under Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, the Uniform Migrant Student Record Transfer System (UMSRTS) was designed to maintain ready accessibility via computer data base to the health and academic records of migrant children. The National Committee on the Education of Migrant Children (NCEMC)…

National Committee on the Education of Migrant Children, New York, NY.

124

Academic Success of Suspended Students. AIR 2001 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cohorts of entering freshmen were tracked over time to determine whether the suspension policy at Montana State University (MSU), Bozeman was having the intended effect on academic success, defined as degree completion. The university's current policy requires students to be suspended after receiving grade point averages (GPAs) of lower than 2.00…

Howard, Richard D.; Borland, Ken; Johnson, Cel; Baker, Larry J.

125

Teaching Reflection to Nursing Students: A Qualitative Study in an Irish Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching nursing students to reflect on their practice is now officially considered an essential component of nursing education in a number of countries. The aim of this study was to explore nurse teachers' perceptions and experiences of using reflection with diploma nursing students in an Irish context. One of the central themes to emerge, upon…

O'Connor, Aideen; Hyde, Abbey

2005-01-01

126

StudentsReflections on Implementation of Group Investigation in Korean Secondary Science Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student reflective ideas were examined with respect to Group Investigation (GI), which was employed in 11th grade Korean earth science classrooms. A modified GI method was implemented during the course of an action research effort consisting of two yearlong projects. Students’ writings, which had been produced twice a year, were analyzed to reveal their reflections concerning the GI method. The

Phil Seok Oh; Myeong-Kyeong Shin

2005-01-01

127

The Economics of Authorship: Online Paper Mills, Student Writers, and First-Year Composition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using sample student analyses of online paper mill Web sites, student survey responses, and existing scholarship on plagiarism, authorship, and intellectual property, this article examines how the consumerist rhetoric of the online paper mills construes academic writing as a commodity for sale, and why such rhetoric appeals to students in…

Ritter, Kelly

2005-01-01

128

Lotteries in Student Assignment: An Equivalence Result. NBER Working Paper No. 16140  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper formally examines two competing methods of conducting a lottery in assigning students to schools, motivated by the design of the centralized high school student assignment system in New York City. The main result of the paper is that a single and multiple lottery mechanism are equivalent for the problem of allocating students to schools…

Pathak, Parag A.; Sethuraman, Jay

2010-01-01

129

College Student Responses to Web and Paper Surveys: Does Mode Matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the responses of 58,288 college students to 8 scales involving 53 items from the National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE) to gauge whether individuals respond differently to surveys administered via the Web and paper. Multivariate regression analyses indicated that mode effects were generally small. However, students who completed the Web-based survey responded more favorably than paper on all

Robert M. Carini; John C. Hayek; George D. Kuh; John M. Kennedy; Judith A. Ouimet

2003-01-01

130

Encouraging Students to Apply Human Sexuality Material to Themselves by Using Integration Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the use of integration papers in human sexuality courses. Integration papers allow students to apply the material they have learned in the course to themselves, which can make the learning experience more powerful. The papers also allow instructors to assess what students have learned by taking the course instead of prior…

Hughes, Jennifer L.

2008-01-01

131

Students' Perception of the Role of Reflection in Leadership Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflection covers both the cognitive process and the broad range of activities that enhance learning resulting from experience. While much of what we know about reflection is rooted in experiential learning, leadership education programs which frame leadership as an experience could benefit from a richer understanding of the role of reflection in…

White, Jillian V.

2012-01-01

132

Their Perspectives: ESL Students' Reflections on Collaborative Community Service Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our business communication classes will continue to be enriched by students from various cultural backgrounds, many of them ESL learners. Among the numerous benefits of this diversity are opportunities for all students to develop essential life skills through course-embedded community service learning (CSL) projects. This study analyzes students'…

Crossman, Joanne M.; Kite, Stacey L.

2007-01-01

133

The Quality of Reflection in Student Journals: A Review of Limiting and Enabling Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although reflective journals are widely used across many disciplines in higher education, the research that examines their\\u000a use presents an unclear picture of the quality of reflection found in them. Some research reveals that student journals contain\\u000a primarily deeply reflective entries. Yet other research presents a less optimistic perspective, finding that a majority of\\u000a student journals contain mostly descriptive accounts

Janet E. Dyment; Timothy S. O’Connell

2010-01-01

134

Reflections on Clinical Learning in Novice Speech-Language Therapy Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Reflective practice is reported to enhance clinical reasoning and therefore to maximize client outcomes. The inclusion of targeted reflective practice in academic programmes in speech-language therapy has not been consistent, although providing opportunities for speech-language therapy students to reflect during their clinical practice…

Hill, Anne E.; Davidson, Bronwyn J.; Theodoros, Deborah G.

2012-01-01

135

The Quality of Reflection in Student Journals: A Review of Limiting and Enabling Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although reflective journals are widely used across many disciplines in higher education, the research that examines their use presents an unclear picture of the quality of reflection found in them. Some research reveals that student journals contain primarily deeply reflective entries. Yet other research presents a less optimistic perspective,…

Dyment, Janet E.; O'Connell, Timothy S.

2010-01-01

136

Using a Domain-Specific Model to Improve Student Teachers' Reflections on Positive Teaching Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this article is to provide insight into ways that a domain-specific model for reflection can support student teachers in reflecting on teaching experiences. According to the literature, the quality of reflection fundamentally depends on the conceptual repertoire that practitioners bring to bear on the situation. This process is referred…

Janssen, Fred; de Hullu, Els; Tigelaar, Dineke

2009-01-01

137

Difficulties Teachers Report about Students' Reflection: Lessons Learned from Dance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite its relevance to and inclusion in pedagogical practices, reflection is a challenging activity for students in tertiary dance education according to teachers. The aim of the current study was to further explore the challenges encountered in the pedagogical practice of reflection. Data on the difficulties of reflection were collected from 14…

Leijen, Ali; Lam, Ineke; Wildschut, Liesbeth; Simons, P. Robert-Jan

2009-01-01

138

Does self reflection and insight correlate with academic performance in medical students?  

PubMed Central

Background Medical students in academic difficulty are often described as lacking insight. The Self Reflection and Insight Scale (SRIS) is a tool for measuring insight which has been validated in medical students. We investigated whether self reflection and insight scores correlate with academic performance in Year 4 medical students from a six year undergraduate medical degree, and whether self reflection and insight changes after one year of clinical training. Methods Self reflection and insight scores were measured in 162 students at the start of Year 4 at the University of Western Australia. Performance in end of year written and clinical exams was monitored and correlated with SRIS. Seventy of the students were surveyed again at the start of Year 5 to see if scores changed or were stable after one year of full time clinical training. Results We found no correlation between self reflection or insight and academic performance in written and clinical exams. There was a significant increase in recognition of the need for self reflection in Year 5 compared with Year 4. Conclusions While no correlation was found between this measure of self reflection and insight with academic performance, there was an increase in students’ recognition of the need for reflection after one year of clinical studies. This study is a valuable first step towards a potentially exciting research domain and warrants further longitudinal evaluation with larger cohorts of students using additional measures of achievement.

2013-01-01

139

Topography and reflectance analysis of paper surfaces using a photometric stereo method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes a fast photometric stereo method, useful for the determination of surface-topography and reflectance. First we show how the irradiance in two images of a surface, illuminated from the left and right, respectively, can be used to determine the inclination of the surface elements. This requires a model for the light scattering properties of the surface. The model used divides the scattered light into a bulk-scattered, Lambertian part and a surface-scattered, specular part. The specular part is eliminated with the help of crossed polarizers. The inclinations are integrated to give a surface height function with the help of a Wiener filter, which suppresses frequencies with an expected poor signal-to-noise ratio. Profiles measured with this method show good agreement with profiles obtained both with optical and mechanical scanning methods. The standard deviation between surface height measured with the different methods was about 1 micrometers . The ability of this method to study reflectance and topography at the same time makes it suitable for studies of the coupling between print result and surface topography. As an example, a gravure-printed paper surface with missing dots has been studied. It was found that missing dots occur at depressions, or pores, in the surface.

Hansson, Peter; Johansson, Per-Ake

2000-09-01

140

College physics students' epistemological self-reflection and its relationship to conceptual learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students should develop self-reflection skills and appropriate views about knowledge and learning, both for their own sake and because these skills and views may be related to improvements in conceptual understanding. We explored the latter issue in the context of an introductory physics course for first-year engineering honors students. As part of the course, students submitted weekly reports, in which

David B. May; Eugenia Etkina

2002-01-01

141

Using a Progressive Paper to Develop Students' Writing Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the use of a progressive paper in a capstone course to develop students' writing skills. A progressive paper is one that students write one section at a time: as they add each new section, they go back and revise the previous parts based on actionable feedback from the instructor. In this course, the progressive paper

Van Bramer, Scott E.; Bastin, Loyd D.

2013-01-01

142

Influence of community experiences on first-year medical students' reflective writing.  

PubMed

The purpose of this research was to investigate the usefulness of providing students with community-located experiences as a basis for reflection by observing the degree to which community-located experiences influenced the quality of a reflective writing exercise. Students were prepared for reflection by means of a lecture and a handout on the meaning, function and process of reflection. One hundred and twenty-eight students (66 Afrikaans-speaking, and 62 English-speaking) took part in the study. Initially, most students (71%) who revealed affect prior to the visit reported negative emotional states. For 54% of the students who revealed emotions upon arrival, positive emotional states replaced the negative and this increased to 67% as the visit continued. This represented the most important stage of the personal growth continuum, signifying awareness of perspective 'distortions'. The majority (94.3%) regarded the visit as being important prior to immersing themselves in the theory of primary healthcare. In the questionnaire survey, students were asked for their opinions on the value of reflective writing as a tool for promoting deep learning, as students' attitudes were considered an important determinant of increased uptake of this kind of activity. Reflective writing can be promoted through using a real-world experience as stimulus, and a framework for guiding students' thoughts. PMID:16019336

Beylefeld, Adriana A; Nena, Kali D; Prinsloo, Engela A M

2005-03-01

143

Effects of Reflection Category and Reflection Quality on Learning Outcomes during Web-Based Portfolio Assessment Process: A Case Study of High School Students in Computer Application Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effects of reflection category and reflection quality on learning outcomes during Web-based portfolio assessment process. Experimental subjects consist of forty-five eight-grade students in a "Computer Application" course. Through the Web-based portfolio assessment system, these students write reflection, and join…

Chou, Pao-Nan; Chang, Chi-Cheng

2011-01-01

144

Culturally Responsive Schools for Micronesian Immigrant Students. PREL Briefing Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides background information about the geography, language, culture, and political history of the Micronesian region, noting that Hawaii's public schools are experiencing an increase in the enrollment of children from Micronesia. Micronesia includes the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; the three Freely Associated States…

Heine, Hilda C.

145

Class 2: An Expert System for Student Classification. Technical Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper describes an approach to developing systematic procedures for identifying handicapped children that leads to rational decisions regarding placement. An expert system is described which involves the user in a dialogue on data regarding individual children; this dialogue is similar in many ways to a consultation with an expert. After…

Ferrara, Joseph M.; And Others

146

Questions Students Ask: What Causes Total Internal Reflection?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a detailed, non-mathematical analysis of total internal reflection based on the interaction of light and matter and the principle of superposition. Discusses factors affecting the critical angle and the percent of the incident beam that is refracted and reflected. (JM)

Giancoli, Douglas

1983-01-01

147

Bringing Students into a Discipline: Reflections on a Travel Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This commentary describes a two-week domestic travel study course for undergraduate sociology students designed to introduce students to the practice of social research and to the larger discipline of sociology. We arranged activities, presentations, and experiences in Chicago and Washington, DC. In this article, we outline the relevant parts of…

Chernega, Jennifer Nargang; Osgood, Aurea K.

2012-01-01

148

Reflections on Teaching Social Studies to ESL Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study of social studies is an important subject especially if ESL students are to understand the world around them. To study social studies effectively students often need to read texts which are most often at a level only written for native speakers which can be daunting at times and this can often turn into a tedious task but also that they…

McBain, Robert

2011-01-01

149

A Phenomenographic Analysis of Student Reflections in Online Learning Diaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are many studies regarding the benefit of incorporating learning diaries into learning experiences in higher education, though very little research documenting what students record when those diaries are unstructured. There are also several arguments and counter-arguments for providing students with structure in their completion of learning…

Prinsloo, Paul; Slade, Sharon; Galpin, Fenella

2011-01-01

150

Transnational Student Voices: Reflections on a Second Chance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intensity of provision of transnational education (TNE) in the Asian region by Australian universities has been increasing over the past three decades. Although much is claimed, little is actually known about the outcomes and opinions of students enrolled in TNE programs. This article investigates student experiences through the longitudinal…

Hoare, Lynnel

2012-01-01

151

Nursing student voices: reflections on an international service learning experience.  

PubMed

For the past decade participation in service and experiential learning in higher education has increased. The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experience of BSN and MSN students participating in a multidisciplinary service-learning course in a rural, underserved village in Belize. Researchers analyzed student journals utilizing qualitative data analysis techniques. There were eight consistent themes found in the student journals. The findings indicate that international service learning opportunities increase students' awareness of their place in a global society and the potential contribution they can make in society. For the past decade, service and experiential learning in higher education, including nursing education, has become increasingly important. Simply put, service and experiential learning combine community service activities with a student's academic study for the sole purpose of enriching the academic experience. As faculty, we feel the goal of baccalaureate and graduate nursing education is to produce an educated professional who will become a responsible citizen. PMID:23367657

Main, E Eve; Garrett-Wright, Dawn; Kerby, Molly

2013-01-01

152

Cramming: The Effects of School Accountability on College-Bound Students. Working Paper 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the first evidence of the effects of school accountability systems on the long-term human capital development of high-performing, college-bound students. The results are mixed. On the one hand, the evidence is consistent that school accountability sanction threats are associated with changes in student study habits. Students

Donovan, Colleen; Figlio, David; Rush, Mark

2007-01-01

153

Teacher Training and Student Achievement in Less Developed Counties. World Bank Staff Working Paper No. 310.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part 1 of this paper reviews major research findings on the relationship of teacher characteristics to student achievement. Of the 16 teacher variables analyzed, those identified as important to student performance are teacher certification, ability and achievement, experience, inservice training, expectations for students, and methods. Policy…

Husen, Torsten; Saha, Lawrence J.; Noonan, Richard

154

Exploring Student-Teacher Interactions in Longitudinal Achievement Data. Working Paper 2008-24  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper develops a model for longitudinal student achievement data designed to estimate heterogeneity in teacher effects across students of different achievement levels. The model specifies interactions between teacher effects and students' predicted scores on a test, estimating both average effects of individual teachers and interaction terms…

Lockwood, J. R.; McCaffrey, Daniel F.

2008-01-01

155

The Effect of Charter Schools on Charter Students and Public Schools. Occasional Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a report on a study of the effect of charter schools on both students attending them and students in neighboring public schools in Michigan. Using school-level data from Michigan's standardized testing program, the study compared changes in tests scores between charter and public school students. The data included annual math and…

Bettinger, Eric

156

Student Descriptions of the Doctoral Student Attrition Process. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, part of a larger project on doctoral student attrition, presents an in-depth account of the educational experiences of three doctoral students who dropped out. The students, a woman in sociology who left after the first year, a man in psychology who completed all but a dissertation, and a woman in Art History who left after four years…

Golde, Chris M.

157

Student Activism at Ithaca College: Reflections on Management and Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When a seemingly routine management decision sparks heated controversy on a college campus, the president must decide how to respond to students occupying a building and issuing an ultimatum to the administration.

Williams, Peggy R.; McGreevey, Michael R.

2004-01-01

158

Effectively Teaching Diverse Student Groups: A Reflection on Teaching and Learning Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses facilitating student collegiality within diverse student groups. It argues that diverse student groups of international, domestic, mature age and Gen Y students often have similar difficulties and strengths although they may occur for quite different reasons and understanding this is useful when deciding on teaching and…

Trees, Kathryn

2013-01-01

159

The Writing of the Scientific Paper To Help Students Process Water Quality Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes how a water monitoring program uses a science research paper to help students apply knowledge learned from the field, the lab, and class discussion. The application consists of examining water quality data of a river and determining what factors had an impact on the river, either biotic or abiotic. Students are asked to…

Friday, Gerald

160

Paper or Pixels? An Inquiry into How Students Adapt to Online Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study investigated how 23 students adapted to using a completely online textbook in lieu of a traditional paper text. All were enrolled in a single advanced MSW practice course. A variety of adaptation styles evolved. The students' primary strategy was to revert to making paper copies when permitted to do so instead of reading the…

Vernon, Robert F.

2006-01-01

161

Promoting nursing students' understanding and reflection on cultural awareness with older adults in home care.  

PubMed

It is important for nursing programs to use culturally focused activities to increase student preparation in caring for diverse older adults in their homes. The purpose of this study was to examine strategies that promote students' reflection on cultural awareness using home care-focused case studies, simulations, and self-reflective writing activities. Cases and simulations were designed to depict diverse patients living at home with a variety of demographic characteristics, such as health history, age, culture, religion, dietary preferences, marital status, family involvement, and socioeconomic status. Qualitative data regarding student perceptions of cultural awareness was gathered via written surveys, and findings suggest that junior- and senior-year nursing students enhanced the depth and breadth of how they defined "cultural competence" after participating in culturally focused classroom and clinical laboratory activities. Levels of reflective writing using framework also improved by the semester's end for both groups of students. PMID:24189025

Mager, Diana R; Grossman, Sheila

2013-01-01

162

Reflective Discourses in the Classroom: Creating Spaces Where Students Can Change Their Minds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this essay, the author theorizes and illustrates how engaging students in reflective talk can help them change their minds. The essay specifically addresses how patterns for reflective talk can support both the sustained, nonevaluative exploration of difficult material and the self-scrutiny necessary for acknowledging the implication in…

Chandler, Sally

2004-01-01

163

Examining Reflective Thinking: A Study of Changes in Methods Students' Conceptions and Understandings of Inquiry Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study has resulted in an elementary science methods course that facilitates the identification and description of the changes in students' conceptions and understanding of inquiry teaching, and the cultural influences, reflections, and situational factors influencing these changes. Written responses to open-ended questions, reflective

Wang, Jing-Ru; Lin, Sheau-Wen

2008-01-01

164

Early Childhood Education Students' Reflections: Volunteering after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After the hurricanes, faculty asked the students to help with the relief efforts in different ways. Most students volunteered to work in shelters directly with individual or groups of children, youths, and adults. After their experiences, they wrote brief reflections about what they had done. Their comments show that they developed a better…

Buchanan, Teresa K.; Benedict, Joan

2007-01-01

165

The Effect of Explicit Embedded Reflective Instruction on Nature of Science Understandings in Advanced Science Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of explicit-embedded-reflective (EER) instruction in nature of science (NOS) understandings of ninth-grade advanced science students. This study was conducted with 71 students, who were divided into three groups, by using non-equivalent quasi-experimental design. In the treatment…

Koksal, Mustafa Serdar; Cakiroglu, Jale; Geban, Omer

2013-01-01

166

Creating the Reflective Practitioner: Sources and Causes of Student Teacher Deviation from Planned Lessons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need to teach student teachers to be reflective in solving problems and planning teaching events has led to an interest in developing appropriate data collection procedures for interns learning to perform self-evaluations. A study of 15 undergraduate student teachers was conducted to determine the extent to which they could perform unaided…

Harris, Jimmy Carl; Wear, Stella Brown

167

Reflections on Supporting a Visually Impaired Student Complete a Biological Psychology Module  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While there are a number of technologies that have been used, with varying levels of success, to support visually impaired students, the purpose of this article is to reflect upon the authors' experiences of supporting a visually impaired student through a nine-month level two undergraduate biological psychology module. The authors developed a…

Betts, Lucy R.; Cross, Amanda

2010-01-01

168

A Simple Student Laboratory on Osmotic Flow, Osmotic Pressure, and the Reflection Coefficient.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a laboratory exercise containing a practical series of experiments that novice students can perform within two hours. The exercise provides a confirmation of van't Hoff's law while placing more emphasis on osmotic flow than pressure. Students can determine parameters such as the reflection coefficient which stress the interaction of both…

Feher, Joseph J.; Ford, George D.

1995-01-01

169

Early Childhood Education Students' Reflections: Volunteering after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the hurricanes, faculty asked the students to help with the relief efforts in different ways. Most students volunteered to work in shelters directly with individual or groups of children, youths, and adults. After their experiences, they wrote brief reflections about what they had done. Their comments show that they developed a better understanding of the impact of the crisis

Teresa K. Buchanan; Joan Benedict; HUEC HUEC

2007-01-01

170

Reflections on Effects of Blogging on Students' Achievement and Knowledge Acquisition in Issues of Instructional Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study is to investigate the effects of blogging on Turkish undergraduate students' achievement levels in issues of instructional technology in a computer course. Moreover, this study reflects the observations of the instructor and the opinions of the students regarding contributions of blogging to their knowledge acquisition and…

Tekinarslan, Erkan

2010-01-01

171

Impact of an Action Research Instructional Model: Student Teachers as Reflective Thinkers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to promote a critical reflective stance in the beginning teacher, this study developed an instructional model for preservice teachers at the undergraduate level. Its sample consisted of students in two sections of a student teaching seminar course taken during their last semester of undergraduate course work. The work took place at a…

Ostorga, Alcione N.; Estrada, Veronica Lopez

2009-01-01

172

Enabling Students to Construct Theories of Collaborative Inquiry and Reflective Learning: Computer Support for Metacognitive Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

To develop lifelong learning skills, we argue that students need to learn how to learn via inquiry and understand the sociocognitive and metacognitive processes that are involved. We illustrate how software could play a central role in enabling students to develop such expertise. Our hypothesis is that sociocognitive systems, such as those needed for collaborative inquiry and reflective learning, can

BARBARA Y. WHITE; TODD A. SHIMODA; JOHN R. FREDERIKSEN

1999-01-01

173

The Case for Using Student Voice in Teacher Selection and Recruitment: Reflections from a School Leader  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this piece Peter Kent, headteacher of Lawrence Sheriff School in Rugby in the UK, reflects upon the role of the student voice in selecting and recruiting new teaching staff. Contextualised by some recent unsympathetic reporting in the UK media, Peter explains why for their school community, using the student voice to inform teacher recruitment…

Kent, Peter

2012-01-01

174

Chinese Teachers' Evaluation Criteria as Reflected in Narrative Student Evaluations: Implications for Psychological Services in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To increase school psychologists' understanding of school contextual culture in China, this study used a qualitative research method to investigate 30 Chinese elementary school teachers' evaluation criteria as reflected in narrative student evaluations. In the study, 450 narrative student evaluations were coded and analysed. Overall, results…

Ni, Hong; Jones, Constance; Bruning, Roger

2013-01-01

175

A Web Enabled Video System for Self Reflection by Student Teachers Using a Guiding Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To ensure their teaching quality, it is important for student teachers to undertake self reflection on their teaching performance after supervised teaching sessions. With the goal of sharpening the teaching competence of student teachers, a dual function system that uses web based and video based technologies is being developed to facilitate self…

Kong, Siu Cheung; Shroff, Ronnie H.; Hung, Hing Keung

2009-01-01

176

Student Perceptions of Classroom Environment and Instructors' Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the development of an instrument to assess classroom environment in universities. Using a sample of 665 students from 11 departments of the University of Seville (Spain), an instrument called the Evaluation of University Teaching Activities Questionnaire (E.U.T.A.Q.) was field-tested. The E.U.T.A.Q. consists of 25 items assigned…

Villar, Luis M.; Alegre, Olga M.

2007-01-01

177

Student Development and the Catholic University: Philosophical Reflections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores how, despite various administrative "solutions," the tension experienced by student affairs professionals at Catholic higher education institutions remains because they stand at an uncomfortable practical interface of two epistemological systems, one stemming from the Catholic intellectual tradition and one stemming from the professional…

Estanek, Sandra M.

2001-01-01

178

Developmental Perspectives on Reflective Practices of Elementary Science Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructors of elementary science methods classes have long lamented the significant difficulties their students exhibit when trying to understand the many complexities of teaching science. As noted by some researchers and practicing teachers, preservice teachers often fail to developmentally function at desired levels with respect to…

Olson, Joanne K.; Finson, Kevin D.

2009-01-01

179

Reflective learning through learning journals: Can business students do it?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business students focus on the application of accepted standards and principles to problem- based questions. Th ey often do not have the patience to look at issues from diff erent perspectives. Th ey show impartiality and less thoughtful consideration when working through a learning experience. However, to enable them to learn better and to help them becoming lifelong learners, business

Ho Poh Ling

2005-01-01

180

Reflections on the Graduate Student Experience: An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 1989 survey of over 1,400 doctoral students in chemistry, engineering, microbiology, and sociology at major research universities elicited perceptions of the graduate experience, faculty, departments, academic work, and prospective careers. Findings suggest greater attention should be given to supervision and training of teaching/research…

Anderson, Melissa S.; Swazey, Judith P.

1998-01-01

181

A new bi-primary color system for doubling the reflectance and colorfulness of e-paper  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are several paradigms for color generation in reflective displays (e-Paper) including RGBW color filtering or stacked RGB or CMY. Theoretically, the highest white state reflectance and best color gamut are achieved by stacking three layers of pixels. However, stacking 3 layers induces significant optical losses especially at high resolution and typically does not allow for video operation. Therefore RGBW color filtering is currently preferred for higher resolution and single-layer e-Paper, but only provides color at 25% of the area and a maximum theoretical white reflectance of 50%. Presented herein is a new bi-primary color-system that cooperatively displays two complimentary colors inside a single sub-pixel, and therefore doubles the white state reflectance and color gamut for single-layer e-Paper. Also discussed are candidate e-Paper technologies that may be able to adopt the bi-primary color system, including possible advantages and challenges for each technology.

Heikenfeld, Jason

2011-02-01

182

Promoting Student Success: What Student Affairs Can Do. Occasional Paper No. 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in creating the conditions that enhance student learning and support students in achieving their educational goals is at an all-time high. Four-fifths of high school graduates need some form of postsecondary education to acquire the knowledge, skills, and competencies necessary to address increasingly complex social, economic, and…

Whitt, Elizabeth J.

2005-01-01

183

Segmenting Student Markets with a Student Satisfaction and Priorities Survey. AIR 1994 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A market segmentation analysis was conducted on students at a large midwestern urban university using two forms of hierarchical cluster analysis on student characteristics: an agglomerative procedure using a matching-type association measure and a divisive chi-square based automatic interaction detection (CHAID) procedure. Data were extracted from…

Borden, Victor M. H.

184

Reflections on the Life Histories of Today's LGBQ Postsecondary Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative multiple-case study utilized a life history methodology in which written and oral narratives were obtained from six postsecondary students who self-identified as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and\\/or queer (LGBQ). Through the construction of life histories, the researcher endeavored to understand how past experiences and behaviors shaped the participants’ identity and established their sense of resiliency. The researcher's analysis of

James L. Olive

2012-01-01

185

Does reflection have an effect upon case-solving abilities of undergraduate medical students?  

PubMed Central

Background Reflection on professional experience is increasingly accepted as a critical attribute for health care practice; however, evidence that it has a positive impact on performance remains scarce. This study investigated whether, after allowing for the effects of knowledge and consultation skills, reflection had an independent effect on students’ ability to solve problem cases. Methods Data was collected from 362 undergraduate medical students at Ghent University solving video cases and reflected on the experience of doing so. For knowledge and consultation skills results on a progress test and a course teaching consultation skills were used respectively. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis was used to test the relationship between the quality of case-solving (dependent variable) and reflection skills, knowledge, and consultation skills (dependent variables). Results Only students with data on all variables available (n?=?270) were included for analysis. The model was significant (Anova F(3,269)?=?11.00, p?students’ reflection had a small but significant effect on case-solving, which supports reflection as an attribute for performance. These findings suggest that it would be worthwhile testing the effect of reflection skills training on clinical competence.

2012-01-01

186

Oppression, Reflection, and Advocacy in the Classroom: One Teacher-Researcher Reflects on Her Research and Practices Involving African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, I--a White, French-immersion teacher-researcher--engage in a reflective examination of my research and teaching practices involving African American students. My critical reflection of my research examines the instruments used in my comparative study of African American students' experiences in the French-immersion context and the…

Haj-Broussard, Michelle

2006-01-01

187

Distance Education in Southern Africa Conference, 1987. Papers 5: Administration and Student Support in Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventeen papers from the University of South Africa's Conference on Distance Education are presented. They include: "Establishing a Formal Student Support System--Time Is of the Essence" (Karen Hinrichs); "A Student Services Unit in a Distance Education Institution" (Hendrik Gous); "Distance Education and the Community: New Partnerships and…

Adey, David, Comp.; And Others

188

The Role of Institutional Research in Student Evaluations of Teaching. AIR 1998 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the role played by an office of institutional research in developing a new student evaluation of teaching protocol. At Southeastern Louisiana University, a comprehensive 4-year public institution, the administration appointed a campus-wide committee to study the student evaluations of teaching and to make recommendations for…

Hall, Michelle; Baldwin, Beatrice

189

The Breckenridge Experience: Reframing the Conversation about Student Success. A Discussion Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper addresses the following controversial issues between colleges and their external stakeholders: defining and measuring student success, developmental education, and accountability. Given a variety of educational goals by individual learners, community colleges need to create a system of multiple measures to define student success. An…

American Association of Community Colleges, Washington, DC. National Council of Instructional Administrators.

190

Comparison of Paper-Pencil and Online Performances of Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literature in the United States provides many examples of no difference in student achievement when measured against the mode of test administration i.e., paper-pencil and online versions of the test. However, most of these researches centre on "regular" students who do not require differential teaching methods or different evaluation processes…

Taherbhai, Husein; Seo, Daeryong; Bowman, Trinell

2012-01-01

191

What's Wrong with a Career in Hospitality? An Examination of Student Choice. Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The preference of students to choose a career in events management over hospitality despite low demand for skills is the focus of this paper. The need for greater involvement of external stakeholders is identified as important in ensuring that students make an informed decision when choosing a career path. A model representing the ideal situation…

Hamm, Simon; Angliss, William

2009-01-01

192

Learning Biology through Research Papers: A Stimulus for Question-Asking by High-School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Question-asking is a basic skill, required for the development of scientific thinking. However, the way in which science lessons are conducted does not usually stimulate question-asking by students. To make students more familiar with the scientific inquiry process, we developed a curriculum in developmental biology based on research papers

Brill, Gilat; Yarden, Anat

2003-01-01

193

Student Activism in an Age of Cultural Diversity. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the organizational context in which student protest is currently enacted and finds a new generation of campus activism organized around multiculturalism. Qualitative methods are used to analyze five case studies of student protest: (1) the Mills College (California) strike of 1990; (2) the Chicano studies movement at the…

Rhoads, Robert A.

194

Using Predictive Modeling To Target Student Recruitment: Theory and Practice. AIR 1999 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that a typical use of regression models to target student recruitment efforts is theoretically unsound and may therefore be operationally inefficient. It presents results from a study using a predictive model to identify the prospective students on whom recruitment efforts have the greatest impact. The model uses four kinds of…

Thomas, Emily; Reznik, Gayle; Dawes, William

195

Comparing Computer-Supported Dynamic Modeling and "Paper & Pencil" Concept Mapping Technique in Students' Collaborative Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims at highlighting the collaborative activity of two high school students (age 14) in the cases of modeling the complex biological process of plant growth with two different tools: the "paper & pencil" concept mapping technique and the computer-supported educational environment "ModelsCreator". Students' shared activity in both cases…

Komis, Vassilis; Ergazaki, Marida; Zogza, Vassiliki

2007-01-01

196

Financial Incentives and Student Achievement: Evidence from Randomized Trials. NBER Working Paper No. 15898  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a series of school-based randomized trials in over 250 urban schools designed to test the impact of financial incentives on student achievement. In stark contrast to simple economic models, our results suggest that student incentives increase achievement when the rewards are given for inputs to the educational production…

Fryer, Roland G., Jr.

2010-01-01

197

Developments with the Commission's Longitudinal Student Data System. Working Paper WP/06-07  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes the many uses of the California Postsecondary Education Commission's data system and describes work in progress on adding additional data elements. It describes how the Commission is using its Longitudinal Student Data System (LSDS) to examine the movement of students through California's public colleges and universities. The…

California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2006

2006-01-01

198

Implications and Complications for Deaf Students of the Full Inclusion Movement. Occasional Paper 94-2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers examines the controversy about the full inclusion movement for students with deafness. The collection begins with an introduction by Oscar P. Cohen which traces the history of education of deaf students, examines legal provisions used to justify full inclusion, and urges continuation of the continuum of special services.…

Johnson, Robert Clover, Ed.; Cohen, Oscar P., Ed.

199

SAFETY: an integrated clinical reasoning and reflection framework for undergraduate nursing students.  

PubMed

Nurse educators can no longer focus on imparting to students knowledge that is merely factual and content specific. Activities that provide students with opportunities to apply concepts in real-world scenarios can be powerful tools. Nurse educators should take advantage of student-patient interactions to model clinical reasoning and allow students to practice complex decision making throughout the entire curriculum. In response to this change in nursing education, faculty in a pediatric course designed a reflective clinical reasoning activity based on the SAFETY template, which is derived from the National Council of State Boards of Nursing RN practice analysis. Students were able to prioritize key components of nursing care, as well as integrate practice issues such as delegation, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act violations, and questioning the accuracy of orders. SAFETY is proposed as a framework for integration of content knowledge, clinical reasoning, and reflection on authentic professional nursing concerns. PMID:23244194

Hicks Russell, Bedelia; Geist, Melissa J; House Maffett, Jenny

2013-01-01

200

The University Student Experience of Face-to-Face and Online Discussions: Coherence, Reflection and Meaning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on an investigation into learning through discussions by undergraduate social work students. Second-year students studying psychology for social work experienced discussions began with face-to-face tutorials, and then continued for some time after online. This study used closed-ended questionnaires to investigate what students

Ellis, Robert A.; Goodyear, Peter; O'Hara, Agi; Prosser, Michael

2007-01-01

201

Reflective teaching of medical communication skills with DiViDU: Assessing the level of student reflection on recorded consultations with simulated patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveAcquisition of effective, goal-oriented communication skills requires both practicing skills and reflective thinking. Reflection is a cyclic process of perceiving and analysing communication behaviour in terms of goals and effects and designing improved actions. Based on Korthagen's ALACT reflection model, communication training on history taking was designed. Objectives were to develop rating criteria for assessment of the students’ level of

R. L. Hulsman; A. B. Harmsen; M. Fabriek

2009-01-01

202

A Practice-Based Approach to Student Reflection in the Workplace during a Work-Integrated Learning Placement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the Work-Integrated Learning (WIL) curriculum, reflection on workplace activities is widely used to support student learning. Recent critiques have demonstrated the limitations of current approaches to support students' reflective learning of workplace practices. By employing a practice-based approach, we seek to refocus WIL reflection on…

Sykes, Christopher; Dean, Bonnie Amelia

2013-01-01

203

Weekly Reports: Student Reflections on Learning. An Assessment Tool Based on Student and Teacher Feedback.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Details the use of weekly reports, a structured journal form of formative assessment that allows instructors to receive information from students and alter their instruction based on student needs. (Contains 18 references.) (DDR)

Etkina, Eugenia; Harper, Kathleen Andre

2002-01-01

204

Using Reflection with Peers to Help Students Learn Effective Problem Solving Strategies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We describe a study in which introductory physics students engage in reflection with peers about problem solving. The recitations for an introductory physics course with 200 students were broken into the âPeer Reflection" (PR) group and the traditional group. Each week in recitation, students in the PR group reflected in small teams on selected problems from the homework. The graduate and undergraduate teaching assistants (TAs) in the PR group recitations provided guidance and coaching to help students learn effective problem solving heuristics. In the recitations for the traditional group, students had the opportunity to ask the graduate TA questions about the homework before they took a weekly quiz. On the final exam with only multiple-choice questions, the PR group drew diagrams on more problems than the traditional group, even when there was no external reward for doing so. Since there was no partial credit for drawing the diagrams on the scratch books, students did not draw diagrams simply to get credit for the effort shown and must value the use of diagrams for solving problems if they drew them. We also find that, regardless of whether the students belonged to the traditional or PR groups, those who drew more diagrams for the multiple-choice questions outperformed those who did not draw them.

Mason, Andrew J.; Singh, Chandralekha

2011-01-01

205

Tracking Reflective Practice-Based Learning by Medical Students during an Ambulatory Clerkship  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore the use of web and palm digital assistant (PDA)-based patient logs to facilitate reflective learning in an ambulatory medicine clerkship. Design Thematic analysis of convenience sample of three successive rotations of medical students’ patient log entries. Setting Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Participants MS3 and MS4 students rotating through a required block ambulatory medicine clerkship. Interventions Students are required to enter patient encounters into a web-based log system during the clerkship. Patient-linked entries included an open text field entitled, “Learning Need.” Students were encouraged to use this field to enter goals for future study or teaching points related to the encounter. Measurement and Main Results The logs of 59 students were examined. These students entered 3,051 patient encounters, and 51 students entered 1,347 learning need entries (44.1% of encounters). The use of the “Learning Need” field was not correlated with MS year, gender or end-of-clerkship knowledge test performance. There were strong correlations between the use of diagnostic thinking comments and observations of therapeutic relationships (Pearson’s r=.42, p<0.001), and between diagnostic thinking and primary interpretation skills (Pearson’s r=.60, p<0.001), but not between diagnostic thinking and factual knowledge (Pearson’s r =.10, p=.46). CONCLUSIONS We found that when clerkship students were cued to reflect on each patient encounter with the electronic log system, student entries grouped into categories that suggested different levels of reflective thinking. Future efforts should explore the use of such entries to encourage and track habits of reflective practice in the clinical curriculum.

Goldberg, Harry

2007-01-01

206

A student paper: music in critical care setting for clients on mechanical ventilators: a student perspective.  

PubMed

This article written by baccalaureate nursing students briefly discusses the use of music therapy in clients on mechanical ventilation in intensive care units. The article explores the possible benefits of music therapy and its use in other aspects of health care. PMID:23042464

Ho, Van; Chang, Sue; Olivas, Rosa; Almacen, Catherine; Dimanlig, Marbert; Rodriguez, Heather

2012-01-01

207

Talking to Paper Doesn't Work: Factors that Facilitate Preservice Teacher Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Encouraged in large part by the work of Schon (1983), teacher education programs have spent the last two decades providing preservice teachers with experiences designed to help them examine their beliefs and develop reflective habits (Roskos et al., 2001; Tsangaridou & Siedentop, 1995; Zeichner & Liston, 1987). The present study…

Stevenson, Heidi J.; Cain, Kellie J.

2013-01-01

208

Managing the Action/Reflection Polarity Through Dialogue: A Path to Transformative Learning. NALL Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Ontario, a course entitled Developing and Leading High Performing Teams: Theory and Practice is experimenting with a design that surfaces the action/reflection paradox for the purpose of learning how to manage this polarity. Whether the product is defined as services or goods,…

Laiken, Marilyn E.

209

Simulated Sustainable Societies: Students' Reflections on Creating Future Cities in Computer Games  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The empirical study, in this article, involved 42 students (ages 14-15), who used the urban simulation computer game SimCity 4 to create models of sustainable future cities. The aim was to explore in what ways the simulated "real" worlds provided by this game could be a potential facilitator for science learning contexts. The topic investigated is in what way interactions in this gaming environment, and reflections about these interactions, can form a context where the students deal with real world problems, and where they can contextualise and apply their scientific knowledge. Focus group interviews and video recordings were used to gather data on students' reflections on their cities, and on sustainable development. The findings indicate that SimCity 4 actually contributes to creating meaningful educational situations in science classrooms, and that computer games can constitute an important artefact that may facilitate contextualisation and make students' use of science concepts and theories more explicit.

Nilsson, Elisabet M.; Jakobsson, Anders

2011-02-01

210

The evaluation of students' reflective writing for evidence of critical thinking.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to establish interrater reliability of the Critical Thinking Scale (CTS), a teacher-accessible tool designed to measure the critical thinking of baccalaureate nursing students as evidenced in their reflective writing about their practice experiences.The study is an extension of an earlier pilot test of the CTS. Graduating students from a nursing program at a small liberal arts college were asked to write about a significant practice experience encountered during their last clinical course. Three teachers used the CTS to independently evaluate the students' writing. California Critical Thinking Skills Test (CCTST) scores provided a standard measure of critical thinking. Results indicated statistically significant positive relationships between the CCTST total critical thinking score and mean teacher ratings using the CTS. Meaningfully significant interrater reliability ratings for the CTS were also found. With further development, the CTS has promise as an appropriate tool to evaluate students' reflective writing for evidence of critical thinking. PMID:17036685

Kennison, Monica Metrick

2006-01-01

211

Examining Reflective Thinking: A Study of Changes in Methods Students’ Conceptions and Understandings of Inquiry Teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study has resulted in an elementary science methods course that facilitates the identification and description of the\\u000a changes in students’ conceptions and understanding of inquiry teaching, and the cultural influences, reflections, and situational\\u000a factors influencing these changes. Written responses to open-ended questions, reflective journals, teaching plans, and videotapes\\u000a of lessons were used as data sources. Results of the written

Jing-Ru Wang; Sheau-Wen Lin

2008-01-01

212

Reflections on the Proceedings from HPSST Conferences: A Profile of Papers on Chemistry Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proceedings from the first three History and Philosophy of Science and Science Teaching Conferences are examined to identify the profile of papers in science content areas. Those papers with a chemistry education emphasis are investigated more closely. Results indicate that papers with physics content dominate. Chemistry and biology content were…

Erduran, Sibel

213

Going Green and Using Less Paper to Print Exams: Student Performance, Completion Time, and Preference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies measured the impact on student exam performance and exam completion time of strategies aimed to reduce the amount of paper used for printing multiple-choice course exams. Study 1 compared single-sided to double-sided printed exams. Study 2 compared a single-column arrangement of multiple-choice answer options to a space (and paper)…

O'Connor, Kevin J.

2014-01-01

214

Reflection prompts and tutor feedback in a web-based learning environment: effects on students' self-regulated learning competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the effects of reflection prompts and tutor feedback on the development of students' self-regulated learning competence (i.e. SRLC). In a web-based learning environment forty-two students completed a study task with embedded prompts eliciting reflection. The reflection prompts could either deal with aspects of self-regulated learning or not. In addition, the students could either receive electronic feedback from

Gerard van den Boom; Fred Paas; Jeroen J. G. van Merriënboer; Tamara van Gog

2004-01-01

215

Examining Students' Reflective Thinking from Keywords Tagged to Blogs: Using Map Analysis as a Content Analysis Method  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflective learning refers to a learner's purposeful and conscious manipulation of ideas toward meaningful learning. Blogs have been used to support reflective thinking, but the commonly seen blog software usually does not provide overt mechanisms for students' high-level reflections. A new tool was designed to support the reflective

Xie, Ying; Sharma, Priya

2013-01-01

216

Dental students' reflections on their community-based experiences: the use of critical incidents.  

PubMed

Dental schools are challenged to develop new learning methodologies and experiences to better prepare future dental practitioners. The purpose of this study was to gain insight into the community-based experiences of dental students as documented in their critical incident essays and explore what learning outcomes and benefits students reported. Following two required community-based clinical rotations, each student wrote a reflection essay on a self-defined critical incident that occurred during the rotations. Rotations took place in settings such as a public health clinic, special needs facility, hospital, or correctional institution. Essays for two classes of students were content-analyzed for recurring themes and categories. Students were confronted in their rotations with a wide range of situations not typically encountered in dental academic settings. Their essays showed that, as a result of these rotations, students developed increased self-awareness, empathy, communications skills, and self-confidence. Critical incidents challenged assumptions and stereotypes, enhanced awareness of the complexities of dental care, and raised complex ethical dilemmas. The essays also illustrated a heightened sense of professional identity and enabled students to appreciate the role dentistry can play in impacting patients' lives. We concluded from the study that community-based dental education that includes a process for reflection holds promise as an educational strategy to facilitate the personal and professional development of future dentists. PMID:12809186

Mofidi, Mahyar; Strauss, Ronald; Pitner, Leslie L; Sandler, Eugene S

2003-05-01

217

Learning by Doing. The Student's Perspective: Reflections of a Student Facilitator.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A course entitled "Communicating through Multimedia" was designed as a capstone experience for upperclassmen. It was a team-taught interdisciplinary course in the application of multimedia technology. Students in the course came from three disciplines--speech communication, mass communication, and management information systems. The students were…

Lawrence, Jennifer A.

218

An Evaluation of the Influence of Case Method Instruction on the Reflective Thinking of MSW Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work practice requires that graduates be prepared to deal with complex, multifaceted problems which cannot be defined completely, do not have absolute, correct answers and can be approached from multiple perspectives. This study evaluated the influence of case-based instruction on MSW students' reflective judgment, an aspect of critical…

Milner, Marleen

2009-01-01

219

Design and Reflection Help Students Develop Scientific Abilities: Learning in Introductory Physics Laboratories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design activities, when embedded in an inquiry cycle and appropriately scaffolded and supplemented with reflection, can promote the development of the habits of mind (scientific abilities) that are an important part of scientific practice. Through the Investigative Science Learning Environment (ISLE), students construct physics knowledge by engaging in inquiry cycles that replicate the approach used by physicists to construct knowledge.

Eugenia Etkina; Anna Karelina; Maria Ruibal-Villasenor; David Rosengrant; Rebecca Jordan; Cindy E. Hmelo-Silver

2010-01-01

220

Transferring Reflective Thought Used by Experienced Special Educators with Student Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of using expert models on the reflective thought of preservice special educators during classroom instruction. Nonintervention students completed seminars emphasizing Stalling's Active Teaching and Learning and Learning to Teach in Inner City Schools and the Diverse Populations curriculum. The seminars included…

Stough, Laura M.; Palmer, Douglas J.

221

A New Theory-to-Practice Model for Student Affairs: Integrating Scholarship, Context, and Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we synthesize existing theory-to-practice approaches within the student affairs literature to arrive at a new model that incorporates formal and informal theory, institutional context, and reflective practice. The new model arrives at a balance between the rigor necessary for scholarly theory development and the adaptability…

Reason, Robert D.; Kimball, Ezekiel W.

2012-01-01

222

Exploring Students' Reflective Thinking Practice, Deep Processing Strategies, Effort, and Achievement Goal Orientations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research indicates that study processing strategies, effort, reflective thinking practice, and achievement goals are important factors contributing to the prediction of students' academic success. Very few studies have combined these theoretical orientations within one conceptual model. This study tested a conceptual model that included, in…

Phan, Huy Phuong

2009-01-01

223

Building on Successes: Reflections from Two Approaches to Study Abroad for Undergraduate and Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay offers suggestions for faculty who are designing study abroad (SA) experiences by outlining a three-week Maymester study abroad to Reggio Emilia, Italy, and a semester-long study abroad to Brussels, Belgium. The authors reflect on commonalities in planning, recruiting, preparing students, and conducting each trip, as well as some of the…

Linder, Sandra; McGaha, Julie

2013-01-01

224

Cooperative Learning, Jigsaw Strategies, and Reflections of Graduate and Undergraduate Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classes of undergraduate and graduate students assigned to three professors were used to experience cooperative learning, jigsaw strategies, and to reflect on the process that occurred over a semester. The work is based upon theories of social interdependence, cognitive development, and behavioral learning. Pre- and post surveys were completed by…

Morgan, Bobbette M.; Rodriguez, Alma D.; Rosenberg, Graciela P.

2008-01-01

225

Student and Teacher Reflections on Indirectness as a Pragmatic Feature of Pharmacist-Patient Simulations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a research process where focussed reflection on pharmacist-patient simulations led to meta-pragmatic awareness and directions for pedagogical practice. The research participants were third-year EAL pharmacy students, who were practising being pharmacists, and pharmacy staff members, who played the part of patients. Analysis…

Hussin, Virginia

2013-01-01

226

Two Configurations for Accessing Classroom Computers: Differential Impact on Students' Critical Reflections and Their Empowerment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The context of this article is the new technological environment and the struggle to use meaningful teaching practices in Norwegian schools. Students' critical reflections in two different technological learning environments in six upper secondary schools are compared. Three of these schools offer Internet-connected computers in special computer…

Solhaug, T.

2009-01-01

227

Reflection.  

PubMed

Reflection is thinking about practice, based on traces of recalled facts or data, with a view toward better understanding it. Reflection is prompted by discrepancies between what we observe and what we expect and commonly takes the forms of comparing personal experiences, reviewing events mentally, looking for trends in data, building new prototypes, and managing impressions. Normally, the process involves awareness, reviewing selected traces, resolving tensions, and looking for the greater whole. Practitioners both reflect in practice (specific problem solving) and reflect on practice (drawing general conclusions). The essence of reflection is finding a meaningful way to make tacit knowledge available in explicit form. Often this involves story telling, with its attendant features of plot, emotion, dramatic tension, and the success of the hero. PMID:16217940

Chambers, David W

2005-01-01

228

Ocean Sciences Best Student Papers for 1988 Joint AGU/ASLO Meeting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Ocean Sciences Section has selected four students to receive Best Student Paper Awards for the 1988 Joint AGU and American Society for Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO) Meeting held last January in New Orleans.Brad M. Bebout received a Best Student Paper Award for his paper “The Use of Agricultural Waste (Corn Slash) to Support Microzone-Associated Nitrogen Fixation by Marine Microorganisms.” Bebout is an M.S. candidate in marine sciences at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His thesis is on “The Role of Marine Fungi in Food Selection and Nutrition of the Salt Marsh Periwinkle Littorina irrorata Say (Gastropoda).” He received his B.A. in biology from the University of California, Santa Cruz.

229

The Impact of a Course in Reflective Teaching on Student Teachers at a Local University College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study which examined the impact of a course in Reflective teaching in the third year of a Bachelor of Education degree programme at a local University College. A broader purpose for the study was to continue the process of giving credence to reflective teaching as integral to effective teaching and learning. Specifically,…

Minott, Mark Anthony

2011-01-01

230

Reflections by a student and a faculty member on student-faculty collaborative geophysical field research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

More and more students and faculty engage in collaborative research. Field geophysics provides a fascinating venue, as it always contributes to interpersonal relations, usually involves off-campus work, and often allows us to meet new people and explore a different culture. Tackling an authentic research problem keeps a faculty member excited about her/his discipline, while allowing a student to engage in the process of science, follow a researcher's thoughts and contribute to a real project. The exchange of ideas and the generation of new knowledge is rewarding to the student as it facilitates her/his academic growth. Despite the obvious advantages of including students in field-based research, few students are allowed such an opportunity because of the institutional commitment in time and money that is necessary for success. Other challenges in field-based geophysical research include steep learning curves related to the use of equipment, unknown outcomes (data that is often difficult to interpret), and a true commitment to the project on the student's part. The faculty member on the other hand faces additional challenges because of the responsibility for students in the field, scheduling constraints, limited funding, and students' diverse academic goals. This presentation will be given by a faculty member and a student who have engaged in various authentic research projects. Projects ranged from afternoon lab exercises on campus (eg, microgravity survey over a tunnel on campus), course projects connected to field trips (eg, magnetic study and subsequent potential field analysis), summer research projects (eg, georadar survey of Deboullie Lake rock glacier), to year-long undergraduate thesis projects (eg, potential field studies at igneous centres of the Navajo Volcanic Field). We will present highlights of these projects, examine their pedagogical merits, and discuss the advantages and rewards we earned as well as the challenges we faced. Despite all challenges, we find that the outcomes, the sense of accomplishment, the rich interpersonal exchange, and the intellectual as well as personal growth of students is well worth the effort that goes into planning and executing such projects. Our aim is to promote collaborative and authentic research, and to find out about creative ways to bring such an experience to a wider range of interested students.

Bank, C.; Rotzien, J.

2007-12-01

231

The UK Edition of "The Little Red Schoolbook": A Paper Tiger Reflects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper concerns "The Little Red Schoolbook," an English translation of the Danish book "Den lille rode bog fur skoleelever." After the book's publication in the UK, opponents were successful in pressing for its publisher's prosecution. The ensuing trial led to its withdrawal and its bowdlerisation. It is argued that the work played some part…

Limond, David

2012-01-01

232

Helping Students Succeed through Using Reflective Practice to Enhance Metacognition and Create Realistic Predictions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding how students can better manage their expectations has been a topic of interest in pedagogy for some time, yet solutions remain elusive. This paper describes a recent study which aimed to help students make more realistic predictions by increasing their metacognition. At the outset, participants completed a metacognitive awareness…

Mair, Carolyn

2012-01-01

233

Metacognition and the Autonomous Learner: Student Reflections on Cognitive Profiles and Learning Environment Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the role of metacognitive skills in the development of autonomous learners. This is done by considering the use of student cognitive profiles for constructing interfaces for interacting with learning environments. For the purposes of this study, a cognitive profile is considered to consist of measures of an individual's cognitive style, learning style and personality. Student awareness of

Ray Webster

234

Transforming the Transcript to Reflect the Whole Scholar: Legitimizing Pedagogical Training for Graduate Student Instructors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although universities acknowledge that teacher training is critical for ensuring quality undergraduate education, research has repeatedly demonstrated that universities typically do an inadequate job of preparing graduate students for their instructor role. In this paper, we show that both graduate students and universities find the pedagogical…

Iorio, Josh; Decker, Mark Lowry

2011-01-01

235

The Honours Year--A Reflection on the Experience from Four Former Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An honours year is an introduction to new relationships with supervisors, fellow students, research participants and, importantly, yourself. This paper is based upon the experiences of four former Australian honours students who felt there was a distinct lack of guidance for first-time researchers in the available academic literature. In this…

Kite, James; Russo, Stephanie; Couch, Philip; Bell, Lauren

2012-01-01

236

The Power of the Sketch(Book): Reflections from High School English Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the potential of sketchbooks as a pathway for developing ideas for writing in high school English classrooms. This paper examines how shifting between drawing and writing impacts students' ability to develop ideas for writing and create meaningful texts. Specifically, this paper explores four types of visual sign making that…

Leigh, S. Rebecca

2012-01-01

237

Career Education Materials for Educable Retarded Students; Project PRICE Working Paper No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The annotated bibliography of over 150 commercially available career education materials for educable retarded (EMR) students is the second in a series of working papers from Project PRICE (Programming Retarded in Career Education). Entries are grouped under 22 competencies considered essential for community adjustment, which fall under three…

Brown, Greg; And Others

238

Introduction to LISREL: A Demonstration Using Students' Commitment to an Institution. ASHE 1987 Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nature and use of LISREL (LInear Structural RELationships) analysis are considered, including an examination of college students' commitment to a university. LISREL is a fairly new causal analysis technique that has broad application in the social sciences and that employs structural equation estimation. The application examined in this paper

Stage, Frances K.

239

Deconstructing the Student Assessment of Instruction Instrument: Some Psychometric Issues. AIR 1999 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper demonstrates the application of common statistical methods to evaluate the dimensionality, reliability, generalizability, and potential biasing factors of the student assessment of instruction (SAI) instrument used at Florida Atlantic University. Findings indicated: (1) factor analysis uncovered just two factors, one describing…

Ronco, Sharron L.

240

Assessing Student Attitudes: Computer versus Pencil. AIR 1997 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared results of measuring student attitudes regarding race, gender, and religious climate using pencil-and-paper administration in a group setting with computer-administrated measurement over a local area network. Approximately 2,000 U.S. Air Force Academy cadets in February 1996 and 1,400 in November 1996 were administered the…

Antons, Christopher M.; Dilla, Benjamin L.; Fultz, Miriam L.

241

Education of Teachers of Indigenous Students in Early Childhood Services and Schools. Discussion Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Australian national task force examined a number of areas related to achieving educational equality for Australia's Indigenous peoples. This paper reviews recent and current efforts to raise the quality of initial teacher education and presents a draft set of professional standards for accomplished teachers of Indigenous students in early…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs, Carlton South (Australia).

242

Citation Behavior of Undergraduate Students: A Study of History, Political Science, and Sociology Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this analysis was to obtain local citation behavior data on undergraduates researching history, political science, and sociology papers. The study found that students cited books and journals even with the availability of web sources; however, usage varied by subject. References to specific websites' domains also varied across subject…

Hendley, Michelle

2012-01-01

243

Students' Performance and Satisfaction with Web vs. Paper-Based Practice Quizzes and Lecture Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of computers to deliver course-related materials is rapidly expanding in most universities. Yet the effects of computer vs. printed delivery modes on students' performance and motivation are not yet fully known. We compared the impacts of Web vs. paper to deliver practice quizzes that require information search in lecture notes. Hundred…

Macedo-Rouet, Monica; Ney, Muriel; Charles, Sandrine; Lallich-Boidin, Genevieve

2009-01-01

244

Measuring Aversion to Debt: An Experiment among Student Loan Candidates. Policy Research Working Paper 5737  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the results of an experiment designed to test for the presence of debt aversion. The population who participated in the experiment were recent financial aid candidates and the experiment focused on student loans. The goal is to shed new light on different aspects of the perceptions with respect to debt. These perceptions can…

Caetano, Gregorio; Patrinos, Harry A.; Palacios, Miguel

2011-01-01

245

Explaining the Divergence between Student Numbers and Hours, 2002 to 2007. Technical Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information on the divergence between student numbers and delivery hours for the period 2002 to 2007 is provided in this technical paper. The change in hours from one year to the next is decomposed into three effects, one of which is "hours inflation", whereby nominal hours increase over time for the same unit of competency or module. Here we show…

Karmel, Tom; Mlotkowski, Peter

2009-01-01

246

The Impact of Employment during School on College Student Academic Performance. NBER Working Paper No. 14006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper estimates the effect of paid employment on grades of full-time, four-year students from four nationally representative cross sections of the Harvard College Alcohol Study administered during 1993-2001. The relationship could be causal in either direction and is likely contaminated by unobserved heterogeneity. Two-stage GMM regressions…

DeSimone, Jeffrey S.

2008-01-01

247

Students Choosing Colleges: Understanding the Matriculation Decision at a Highly Selective Private Institution. NBER Working Paper No. 15772  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The college choice process can be reduced to three questions: (1) Where does a student apply?; (2) Which schools accept the students?; and (3) Which offer of admission does the student accept? This paper addresses question three. Specifically, we offer an econometric analysis of the matriculation decisions made by students accepted to Williams…

Nurnberg, Peter; Schapiro, Morton; Zimmerman, David

2010-01-01

248

Student-Teachers' Ability to Read Nature: Reflections on their own learning in ecology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper addresses student-teachers' ability to read nature in a woodland habitat before and after a 10-week ecology course. Reading nature is our definition of the ability to observe, describe and explain basic ecology in the field. Data consists of field-based pre-course and post-course interviews followed up by metacognitive interviews where students analyse their own learning. A bi-dimensional coding scheme is adopted to examine the range and development of students' ability to read nature. Students find it important to know the ecology of a few key species and they recognize the importance of having learned the language of ecology — ecologish — helping them to describe and discuss ecology. Students generally recognize the excursions as key learning situations in ecology education but they give different reasons for finding excursions so important. This variation will be elaborated in the paper together with the implications for teaching ecology.

Magntorn, Ola; Helldén, Gustav

2005-08-01

249

Student perceptions of a community engagement experience: exploration of reflections on social responsibility and professional formation.  

PubMed

Physical therapy educators are challenged to emphasize the importance of social responsibility as a vital curricular element of professional development. Through reflection, students are able to identify core values, beliefs, and attitudes as part of the professional development process. The purpose of this study was to explore student perceptions and values of a community engagement experience based upon frequency of participation. This qualitative research report investigated student perceptions of the community experience following participation. Data collection tools included an open-ended questionnaire and focus group interviews. Comparisons were made across data for participants who engaged in the activity one time versus multiple times. Data analysis revealed participation in the community engagement experience had a positive impact on most participants. One time only participants demonstrated increased self-awareness, contemplating change, and capacity to serve while more than one time participants described a deeper understanding of community, impact on others, and professional transformation. Student involvement in community engagement activities combined with structured reflection provided meaningful insight into participants' personal beliefs. The results suggest incorporation of community-based learning experiences into academic curriculum may be beneficial in the students' preliminary understanding of social responsibility. PMID:20946070

Furze, Jennifer; Black, Lisa; Peck, Kirk; Jensen, Gail M

2011-08-01

250

Transfer Student Experiences and Success at Berkeley. A SERU Project Research Paper. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.3.09  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study focuses on the stigmatization and psychosocial experiences of community college transfer students within the university setting. Two hundred and sixty-three students nearing the completion of their studies at UC Berkeley responded to a series of open-ended questions about their academic, social, and psychological experiences at…

Alexander, Sereeta; Ellis, Debbie; Mendoza-Denton, Rodolfo

2009-01-01

251

Between Two Worlds: A Multi-Institutional Qualitative Analysis of Students' Reflections on Joining the Medical Profession  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Recent changes in healthcare system and training mandates have altered the clinical learning environment. We incorporated reflective writing into Internal Medicine clerkships (IMcs) in multiple institutions so students could consider the impact of clerkship experiences on their personal and professional development. We analyzed student reflections to inform curricula and support learning. METHODS We qualitatively analyzed the reflections of students at 3 US medical schools during IMcs (N?=?292) to identify themes, tone, and reflective quality using an iterative approach. Chi-square tests assessed differences between these factors and across institutions. FINDINGS Students openly described powerful experiences. Major themes focused on 4 categories: personal issues (PI), professional development (PD), relational issues (RI), and medical care (MC). Each major theme was represented at each institution, although with significant variability between institutions in many of the subcategories including student role (PI), development-as-a-physician (PD), professionalism (PD) (p?Students used positive tones to describe student role, development-as-a-physician and physician–patient relationship (PD) (p?Students employed a “reporting” voice in writing about clinical problem-solving, healthcare systems, and quality/safety (MC). DISCUSSION Reflection is considered important to professional development. Our analysis suggests that students at 3 institutions reflect on similar experiences. Theme variability across institutions implies curricula should be tailored to local culture. Reflective quality analysis suggests students are better equipped to reflect on certain experiences over others, which may impact learning. Student reflections can function as a mirror for our organizations, offer institutional feedback for support and improvement, and inform curricula for learners and faculty.

Harrell, Heather E.; Haley, Heather-Lyn; Cifu, Adam S.; Alper, Eric; Johnson, Krista M.; Hatem, David

2008-01-01

252

Using a "Small Moments" Writing Strategy to Help Undergraduate Students Reflect on Their Service-Learning Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines a "small moments" writing strategy to nurture reflection in undergraduate college students participating in a course-based service-learning activity. Using grounded theory methodology to analyze reflection journal entries, the authors identified themes that indicate that, by writing "small moments" reflection journal entries,…

Bleicher, Robert E.; Correia, Manuel G.

2011-01-01

253

Quantitative Content Analysis Procedures to Analyse Students' Reflective Essays: A Methodological Review of Psychometric and Edumetric Aspects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflective essays are a common way to develop higher education students' reflection ability. Researchers frequently analyse reflective essays based on quantitative content analysis procedures (QCA). However, the quality criteria that should be met in QCA are not straightforward. This article aims to: (1) develop a framework of quality requirements…

Poldner, E.; Simons, P. R. J.; Wijngaards, G.; van der Schaaf, M. F.

2012-01-01

254

Exploring Evidence of Reflective Thinking in Student Artifacts of Blogging-Mapping Tool: A Design-Based Research Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflective learning can assist a learner's purposeful and conscious manipulation of ideas toward meaningful learning and knowledge integration. Blogs have been used to support reflection, but Blogs usually do not provide overt mechanisms for students to make connections between different parts of an experience, which is integral to reflective

Xie, Ying; Sharma, Priya

2011-01-01

255

Reflective Journalling and Fieldwork: A Case Study with Library and Information Studies Students at the Queensland University of Technology, 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Journal writing accompanies the fieldwork of students pursuing library degrees at Queensland University of Technology (Australia). It helps students reflect on various aspects of the practicum experience. This article describes student and supervisor responsibilities in the journalling process, and discusses survey results and anecdotal evidence…

Tilley, Christine M.

1996-01-01

256

A study of the relationship between reflective writing and critical thinking in seventh grade integrated science students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the role of reflective journal writing on the development of critical thinking in seventh grade integrated science students. The students participating in this study were part of four science classes taught by the same instructor, using the same curriculum and methods employed during this study. The larger working group consisted of 69 seventh grade students who were

Mark Adam Rowicki

2001-01-01

257

Feedback Providing Improvement Strategies and Reflection on Feedback Use: Effects on Students' Writing Motivation, Process, and Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of feedback providing improvement strategies and a reflection assignment on students' writing motivation, process, and performance. Students in the experimental feedback condition (n = 41) received feedback including improvement strategies, whereas students in the control feedback condition (n = 41) received…

Duijnhouwer, Hendrien; Prins, Frans J.; Stokking, Karel M.

2012-01-01

258

Promoting medical students' reflection on competencies to advance a global health equities curriculum  

PubMed Central

Background The move to frame medical education in terms of competencies – the extent to which trainees “can do” a professional responsibility - is congruent with calls for accountability in medical education. However, the focus on competencies might be a poor fit with curricula intended to prepare students for responsibilities not emphasized in traditional medical education. This study examines an innovative approach to the use of potential competency expectations related to advancing global health equity to promote studentsreflections and to inform curriculum development. Methods In 2012, 32 medical students were admitted into a newly developed Global Health and Disparities (GHD) Path of Excellence. The GHD program takes the form of mentored co-curricular activities built around defined competencies related to professional development and leadership skills intended to ameliorate health disparities in medically underserved settings, both domestically and globally. Students reviewed the GHD competencies from two perspectives: a) their ability to perform the identified competencies that they perceived themselves as holding as they began the GHD program and b) the extent to which they perceived that their future career would require these responsibilities. For both sets of assessments the response scale ranged from “Strongly Disagree” to “Strongly Agree.” Wilcoxon’s paired T-tests compared individual students’ ordinal rating of their current level of ability to their perceived need for competence that they anticipated their careers would require. Statistical significance was set at p?Students’ ratings ranged from “strongly disagree” to “strongly agree” that they could perform the defined GHD-related competencies. However, on most competencies, at least 50 % of students indicated that the stated competencies were beyond their present ability level. For each competency, the results of Wilcoxon paired T-tests indicate – at statistically significant levels - that students perceive more need in their careers for GHD-program defined competencies than they currently possess. Conclusion This study suggests congruence between student and program perceptions of the scope of practice required for GHD. Students report the need for enhanced skill levels in the careers they anticipate. This approach to formulating and reflecting on competencies will guide the program’s design of learning experiences aligned with students’ career goals.

2014-01-01

259

Comparison of student performance using web and paper-based homework in college-level physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Homework gives students an opportunity to practice important college-level physics skills. A switch to Web-based homework alters the nature of feedback received, potentially changing the pedagogical benefit. Calculus- and algebra-based introductory physics students enrolled in large paired lecture sections at a public university completed homework of standard end-of-the-chapter exercises using either the Web or paper. Comparison of their performances on regular exams, conceptual exams, quizzes, laboratory, and homework showed no significant differences between groups; other measures were found to be strong predictors of performance. This indicates that the change in medium itself has limited effect on student learning. Ways in which Web-based homework could enable exercises with greater pedagogical value are discussed.

Bonham, Scott W.; Deardorff, Duane L.; Beichner, Robert J.

2003-12-01

260

The benefits of a critical stance: a reflection on past papers on the theories of reasoned action and planned behaviour.  

PubMed

In this paper, I reflect on past papers published in the British Journal of Social Psychology (BJSP) that have played a role in the development of the theory of reasoned action (TRA) and the theory of planned behaviour (TPB). I focus on seven papers that fall into five categories: (1) those that critique the TRA/TPB for taking insufficient account of social factors; (2) those that critique the models on the grounds that many social behaviours are 'habitual'; (3) those that critically examine the construct of perceived behavioural control; (4) those that argue for the importance of affective factors, which appear to be overlooked in the TRA/TPB; and (5) those that argue for the importance of studying the role of moderating factors and interaction effects in the TRA/TPB. I conclude that BJSP's traditional focus on criticism and theory development is one that benefits the journal and the field. PMID:21884536

Manstead, Antony S R

2011-09-01

261

Student-Teachers' Ability to Read Nature: Reflections on their own learning in ecology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses student-teachers' ability to read nature in a woodland habitat before and after a 10-week ecology course. Reading nature is our definition of the ability to observe, describe and explain basic ecology in the field. Data consists of field-based pre-course and post-course interviews followed up by metacognitive interviews where students analyse their own learning. A bi-dimensional coding scheme

Ola Magntorn; Gustav Helldén

2005-01-01

262

Lifelong Learners in British Columbia: Outcomes of Students Who Had Previous Credentials. Information Paper. Volume 6, Number 2, Winter 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every year a large percentage of the former students who respond to the Diploma, Associate Degree, and Certificate Student Outcomes (DACSO) Survey say they have taken previous post-secondary education, and more than half of those students report that they have completed a previous credential. The purpose of this paper is to look at these former…

Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development, 2009

2009-01-01

263

Comparison of student performance using web and paper-based homework in college-level physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Web-based homework is becoming widespread practice in physics and other technical courses, primarily for logistical and economic reasons. Although people argue whether this is a positive or negative development for student learning, there is limited research assessing the pedagogical effect of changing the medium from written, hand-graded homework to web submitted, computer-graded work. Towards this end, we assessed student performance with web homework and with traditional paper homework in a realistic classroom setting for large enrollment service courses. One of two nearly identical sections of introductory physics received paper-based, hand-graded homework while the other received the standard web-based homework, and we compared the two groups on conceptual and problem-solving performance measures. We conducted this experiment two times, once in a calculus-based course and once in an algebra based course. No significant differences in student performance were found that could be attributed to the homework method used. This work was supported by the Spencer Foundation and the National Science Foundation under grant 9714546.

Bonham, Scott W.; Beichner, Robert J.; Deardorff, Duane

2005-10-11

264

A Web-Based Measurement of the Assessment Needs of Student Affairs Professionals and the Role of the Student Affairs Researcher. AIR 2001 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The student affairs researcher often assists student affairs directors and professionals to accomplish their program assessment goals. This study identifies the information, consultation, and training needs in research and assessment of student affairs professionals at a research institution. The paper also summarizes the problems and…

Harms, Joan Y.

265

Promoting Reflection among Science Student Teachers Using a Web-Based Video Analysis Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent efforts to design teacher education experiences using reflection as a philosophical orientation (Abell & Bryan, 1997) have shown that such experiences are influencing the way that teachers think about their practice, specifically teachers' personal beliefs about teaching and learning. In this paper, we introduce the design and…

Bryan, Lynn A.; Recesso, Art

2006-01-01

266

Reflective account of a significant event in practice: a student ODP's perspective.  

PubMed

This is an account of a significant event that occurred in clinical practice. The incident highlights issues that can arise from a breakdown of verbal and non-verbal communication between members of staff. It also demonstrates how professional conduct and effective team working can overcome such breakdowns to elicit a positive outcome. Using Johns (2009) model of structured reflection (MSR), this article reflects on the student operating department practitioner's (ST/ODP) role as anaesthetic support, exploring the impact on the care received by the patient, whilst examining the ethico-legal (governing body and legislation) considerations involved. Furthermore, the ST/ODP proposes to identify environmental and intra-operative factors that are potentially damaging to the patient's well being, through understanding the principles of negligence, emphasising clinical governance, vicarious liability and risk management issues. PMID:22567764

Wishart, Karl

2012-04-01

267

What Satisfies Students? Mining Student-Opinion Data with Regression and Decision-Tree Analysis. AIR 2002 Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To investigate how students' characteristics and experiences affect satisfaction, this study used regression and decision-tree analysis with the CHAID algorithm to analyze student opinion data from a sample of 1,783 college students. A data-mining approach identifies the specific aspects of students' university experience that most influence three…

Thomas, Emily H.; Galambos, Nora

268

Research and Reflections on Immersing Mainstream Student Teachers in Non-Mainstream Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that, with the demise of the "melting pot" theory of education, teacher educators are faced with the challenge of providing cross-cultural preparation for preservice teachers of the cultural majority who wish to serve minority populations. Four Indiana University projects are described in which student teaching segments have been…

Mahan, James M.

269

Designing Mildred: Scaffolding Students' Reflection and Argumentation Using a Cognitive Software Guide  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we discuss the design and study of a guidance and prompting system for a technology-based learning environment used in science classrooms. We focus briefly on how the tool has evolved through several years of iterative refinement, how the tool has been used by students in different curricular contexts for different epistemic practices, and how we as researchers

Philip Bell; Elizabeth A. Davis

2000-01-01

270

Student-Teachers' Ability to Read Nature: Reflections on their Own Learning in Ecology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses student-teachers' ability to "read nature" in a woodland habitat before and after a 10-week ecology course. "Reading nature" is our definition of the ability to observe, describe and explain basic ecology in the field. Data consists of field-based pre-course and post-course interviews followed up by metacognitive interviews…

Magntorn, Ola; Hellden, Gustav

2005-01-01

271

Putting "Maori" in the Mainstream: Student Teachers' Reflections of a Culturally Relevant Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on student teachers' experiences of an education program that was explicitly designed to be grounded in both Kaupapa Maori and mainstream pedagogy. This program started from the Kaupapa Maori view to be Maori as Maori. This was then supported by mainstream epistemology of New Zealand focused good teaching practice. A Kaupapa…

Sexton, Steven S.

2011-01-01

272

LAMS AS A COGNITIVE TOOL FOR TEACHER EDUCATION STUDENTS' REFLECTIVE THINKING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design based research is one exemplary way to help educators, educational designers, and institutions rethink their pedagogical approaches w ithin the learning environment. It is envisaged that unique uses of synchronous chat, pol ling, student feedback, e-portfolios and online questions and answers will help engage the n ew generation of learners. This paper provides a preliminary formative evaluation of the

Christine Dennis

273

A Comparison of Student Feedback Obtained through Paper-Based and Web-Based Surveys of Faculty Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many colleges have either begun or are contemplating using the web-based survey to gather student feedback on faculty teaching. Unlike the paper-based method, the web-based approach gives every student in the class the opportunity to provide feedback. Hence, the populations that participate in the web-based and paper-based methods may be quite…

Ardalan, Ali; Ardalan, Roya; Coppage, Samuel; Crouch, William

2007-01-01

274

Variation in Citational Practice in a Corpus of Student Biology Papers: From Parenthetical Plonking to Intertextual Storytelling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a corpus-based study of a key aspect of academic writing in one discipline (biology) by final-year undergraduates and first-, second-, and third-year graduate students. The papers come from the Michigan Corpus of Upper-level Student Papers, a freely available electronic database. The principal aim of the study is to examine the extent of…

Swales, John M.

2014-01-01

275

Developing Reflective Judgment in Community College Students: Employing the Writings of Wilson in a Program of Contextual Support. A Student Development Research Proposal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various student development theorists have postulated that the collegiate experience is a strong contributor toward cognitive development in college students. This essay examines Kitchener and King's (1981, 1985) reflective judgment model of cognitive development as both a metacognitive exercise and as a particular skill. The development of…

Downey, John A.

276

Promoting Student Success: What Faculty Members Can Do. Occasional Paper No. 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What students do in college matters as much as anything else in terms of their educational success. Educationally effective colleges and universities - those that add value to the student experience - intentionally craft policies and practices that channel students' energy to the activities that matter to student learning. Students who…

Kinzie, Jillian

2005-01-01

277

Reflective Behaviors under a Web-Based Portfolio Assessment Environment for High School Students in a Computer Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research attempted to categorize reflection in a Web-based portfolio assessment using the Chinese Word Segmenting System (CWSS). Another aim of this research was to explore reflective performance in which individual differences were further examined. Participants were 45 eight-grade students from a junior high school taking a computer course.…

Chang, Chi-Cheng; Chen, Cheng-Chuan; Chen, Yi-Hui

2012-01-01

278

A Reflective Self-Inquiry into My Teaching Practices with Non-English-Major Technological University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Action research allows teachers to evaluate and gain insight into their own practices in their teaching contexts through reflection, and inquire into ways to improve their practices and student learning outcomes. This study is a reflective self-inquiry in which the research team engages in a deliberate and retrospective analysis of the principal…

Chien, Chiu-Kuei Chang; Yu, Kuo-Jen; Lin, Lung-Chi

2013-01-01

279

Effect of the Level of Inquiry of Lab Experiments on General Chemistry Students' Written Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The central goal of this exploratory study was to characterize the effects of experiments involving different levels of inquiry on the nature of college students' written reflections about laboratory work. Data were collected in the form of individual lab reports written using a science writing heuristic template by a subset of the students

Xu, Haozhi; Talanquer, Vincente

2013-01-01

280

The Impact of a Reflective Thinking Intervention on Nursing Students in a Child and Family Nursing Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the ever-changing healthcare systems, nursing students need to think at a high level by applying their knowledge from theory to the clinical setting by prioritizing, delegating, and problem solving to provide safe, competent, quality nursing care. Using action research, nursing students participated in R.A.V.E. (Reflective Thinking Allows…

Becherer, Vicky H.

2011-01-01

281

Reflective Journals of Students Taking a Positive Youth-Development Course in a University Context in Hong Kong  

PubMed Central

To promote the holistic development of university students, a course entitled “Tomorrow's Leaders” was developed and offered at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Based on a case study approach, reflective journals of five outstanding students of the course are presented and analyzed (i.e., thick description), with several themes emerging from the reflection. First, the students liked the course, and they identified many positive attributes. Second, the students appreciated the instructors. Third, the students viewed that the course contributed to different aspects of their development. Fourth, some areas of improvements were proposed. In conjunction with other evaluation mechanisms, the present findings strongly suggest that the course is able to promote psychosocial competencies in university students taking this course.

Shek, Daniel T. L.; Wu, Florence K. Y.

2012-01-01

282

Electronic Reflective Student Portfolios to Demonstrate Achievement of Ability-based Outcomes During Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences  

PubMed Central

Objectives To demonstrate achievement of ability-based outcomes through a structured review of electronic student portfolios in an advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) program. Design One hundred thirty-eight students produced electronic portfolios containing select work products from APPEs, including a self-assessment reflective essay that demonstrated achievement of course manual-specified ability-based outcomes. Assessment Through portfolio submissions, all students demonstrated the achievement of ability-based outcomes for providing pharmaceutical care, evaluating the literature, and managing the medication use system with patient case reports most frequently submitted. The rubric review of self-reflective essays addressed student learning through APPEs and continuing professional development plans. Conclusion The electronic portfolio with reflective essay proved to be a useful vehicle to demonstrate achievement of ability-based outcomes.

Hamilton, Robert A.

2010-01-01

283

The Teachability Index: Can Disadvantaged Students Learn? Education Working Paper 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student "teachability"--the advantages and disadvantages that students bring to school--is often offered as an excuse for educational failure. Many claim that students are less teachable than they used to be, and that reforms cannot meaningfully improve student achievement due to problems like poverty and social dysfunction. This study measures…

Greene, Jay P.; Forster, Greg

2004-01-01

284

Exploring indigenous health using the clinical reasoning cycle: a student paper.  

PubMed

As a requirement for a third year nursing subject based on Australian Indigenous Health and Community Nursing, an assessment was undertaken based on the clinical reasoning cycle. The clinical reasoning cycle refers to clinical judgements and clinical decision-making which can be conceptualised as a logical process of cue collection, processing information, understanding the situation, planning and implementing interventions, evaluating outcomes and reflecting on the process (Levett-Jones et al., 2009). The clinical reasoning cycle for this assessment relates to interactions with Murray (pseudonym), an Australian Indigenous male being treated for alcohol dependence within a community setting. This paper will explore the nursing care of Murray through the clinical reasoning cycle, focusing on community-based, culturally appropriate nursing care. PMID:21591829

Meissner, Victoria Grace

285

The Effects of College Counseling on High-Achieving, Low-Income Students. NBER Working Paper No. 16359  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the results of a pilot study, using a randomized controlled trial to provide college counseling to high-achieving students from relatively poor families. We followed 107 high school seniors through the college admissions process in 2006-2007; we selected 52 of these students at random, offering them ten hours of individualized…

Avery, Christopher

2010-01-01

286

A Memo to Graduate Students Preparing To Be the Faculty of the Future. Preparing Future Faculty. Occasional Paper No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the Preparing Future Faculty (PFF) program and its effects on the graduate students that have participated in it, and has some suggestions for graduate students wishing to create a PFF program at their own schools. The PFF program was initiated in 1994 to bring together clusters of colleges and universities to plan programs…

Bogle, Enid E.; Blondin, Jo Alice; Miller, Jane Lindsay

287

Teacher Incentives and Student Achievement: Evidence from New York City Public Schools. NBER Working Paper No. 16850  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Financial incentives for teachers to increase student performance is an increasingly popular education policy around the world. This paper describes a school-based randomized trial in over two-hundred New York City public schools designed to better understand the impact of teacher incentives on student achievement. I find no evidence that teacher…

Fryer, Roland G.

2011-01-01

288

The development of affective subscales to reflect variation in students' experiences of studying mathematics in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this paper is on the isolation and modelling of a set of affective sources of variation in student learning that seem specific to the discipline of mathematics. Such affective sources contribute to developing a more comprehensive discipline-specific model of student learning that can provide information about individual students, and the context of their learning engagement, in terms

J. H. F. Meyer; M. G. Eley

1999-01-01

289

More than Paper Load: What Does All This Student Work Tell Us?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Having faculty collaborative teams to evaluate student works is proposed in this article. The standards related to content and performance of student works should be agreed among team members. Team members should also be willing to implement change.

Garrison, Catherine

2006-02-01

290

Straight Talk on Student Loans. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.10.04  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal government provides student loans for college and graduate school in two ways: by guaranteeing bank loans, and by lending directly to students. In the guaranteed loan program, banks lend students money and profit from the interest payments while the government guarantees the loans against default and makes subsidy payments to the…

Shireman, Robert

2004-01-01

291

Condom Use in College: Students' Self-Protection against HIV. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined condom use by college students and factors associated with consistent condom use. It is based on a survey of 212 sexually active residential students at a major eastern doctoral granting institution conducted in the spring of 1994. The survey found that a substantial number of sexually active students were engaging in behaviors…

Dekin, Bonnie J.; And Others

292

Teacher Quality in Educational Production. Tracking, Decay, and Student Achievement. NBER Working Paper No. 14442  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing concerns over the achievement of U.S. students have led to proposals to reward good teachers and penalize (or fire) bad ones. The leading method for assessing teacher quality is "value added" modeling (VAM), which decomposes students' test scores into components attributed to student heterogeneity and to teacher quality. Implicit in the…

Rothstein, Jesse

2008-01-01

293

Another Dimension of Campus Date Rape: Assessing College Students' Attitudes. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the prevalence and impact of student attitudes tolerant toward or supportive of sexual aggression including date rape on college campuses. Data for the study come from the 1985 and 1989 Freshman Surveys involving a total of 89,070 male and female college students. Among the findings were the following: (1) students who oppose…

Korn, Jessica S.

294

Preventing Inappropriate Referrals of Language Minority Students to Special Education. Occasional Papers in Bilingual Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is often difficult to distinguish those students with learning problems due to individual differences in learning styles or achievement difficulties from those students with specific disorders; failure to do so sometimes results in inappropriate referral of language minority students to special education. It also contributes to disproportionate…

Garcia, Shernaz B.; Ortiz, Alba A.

1988-01-01

295

The Effects of No Child Left Behind on School Services and Student Outcomes. Conference Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the "No Child Left Behind Act" (NCLB), in theory, schools on the margin for meeting AYP face strong short-term incentives to increase students' pass rates on specific exams, and may change their behavior accordingly. Using a comprehensive, national, school-level data set concerning schools' AYP status, student characteristics, and student

Reback, Randall; Rockoff, Jonah E.; Schwartz, Heather L.

2009-01-01

296

"Is This Good for Our Students?" Two Papers from the 1991 CIC Deans Institute.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains both a keynote address that called for a new commitment to holistic student education through reintegration of academic and student affairs and a summary of conference participants' responses to the address. The address, by L. Lee Knefelkamp, calls on academic affairs and student affairs professionals to work together to…

Knefelkamp, L. Lee; And Others

297

Collegiate Influences on the Civic Values of Students. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, built upon prior work by E. Pascarella, C. Ethington, and J. Smart (1988), examined the influence of college upon the civic values held by students. Data were obtained from the Cooperative Institutional Research Program, a national longitudinal study of college students. Four sets of variables were used: civic values of students in…

Rhee, Byung-Shik; Dey, Eric L.

298

Success in Cyberspace: Student Retention in Online Courses. AIR 2002 Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addressed the relative dearth of data on student retention in distance education through archival and survey data on student retention in online courses at a large, comprehensive community college in the Northeast. The college's online program had been active for 5 years, and at the time of the study, encompassed nearly 4,000 student

Moore, Kathleen; Bartkovich, Jeffrey; Fetzner, Marie; Ison, Sherrill

299

The Impact of No Child Left Behind on Student Achievement. NBER Working Paper No. 15531  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act compelled states to design school-accountability systems based on annual student assessments. The effect of this Federal legislation on the distribution of student achievement is a highly controversial but centrally important question. This study presents evidence on whether NCLB has influenced student

Dee, Thomas; Jacob, Brian

2009-01-01

300

Demographic Profiles: Segmenting Student Intent at the Community College. AIR 1997 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Colorado statewide survey of student intentions was administered to 3,219 community college students in April 1996. The survey collected data on perceptions of goal attainment and compared shifts in intentions of students attending inner city, suburban and rural community colleges. Most respondents (79.2 percent) reported no change in their…

Voorhees, Richard A.; Zhou, Deying

301

When I Stopped Writing on Their Papers: Accommodating the Needs of Student Writers with Audio Comments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author finds using software to make audio comments on students' writing improves students' understanding of her responses and increases their willingness to take her suggestions for revision more seriously. In the process of recording audio comments, she came to a new understanding of her students' writing needs and her responsibilities as…

Bauer, Sara

2011-01-01

302

Meaningful Work: How the History Research Paper Prepares Students for College and Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many elementary teachers teach students to write, but this writing tends to focus only on students writing about themselves or writing short stories. Because students do not spend enough time in the early grades reading nonfiction in science and history, they lack the knowledge--of both content and the nature of nonfiction writing--necessary to…

Fitzhugh, Will

2012-01-01

303

College Students in the Nineties: Report on a Project in Progress. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University of California Santa Barbara students were surveyed in 1996 to learn about student life and culture in the 1990s. Fifty-five percent of 815 randomly selected undergraduates responded to a mail survey. Responses were grouped according to students' race, gender, and social class. Reasons identified for attending college included: to…

Flacks, Richard; Thomas, Scott L.

304

Exploring Relationships between Student Engagement and Student Outcomes in Community Colleges: Report on Validation Research. Working Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2004, the Lumina Foundation for Education approved a generous grant to support validation research to explore and document the validity of the Community College Student Report (CCSR), add to the higher education field's understanding of student engagement, and help to identify research or institutional practices that require further attention.…

McClenney, Kay M.; Marti, C. Nathan

2006-01-01

305

Video Papers--A Means for Documenting Practitioners' Reflections on Practical Experiences: The Story of Two Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is documentation of the personal professional reflection processes as well as staff discussions reflecting the staff's ongoing efforts to improve the quality of teaching in the teacher education programme at the University of Bergen. The documentation is two-dimensional: video clips have been inserted into the traditional text form.…

Smith, Kari; Krumsvik, Rune

2007-01-01

306

Reflective writing as a tool for assessing teamwork in bioscience: insights into student performance and understanding of teamwork.  

PubMed

To ensure a modern bioscience curriculum that responds to the current needs of stakeholders, there is a need to embed a range of generic capabilities that enables graduates to succeed in and contribute to a rapidly changing world, as well as building strong bioscience skills and knowledge. The curriculum must also prepare students for a rapidly evolving competitive work place and align with the needs of industry. This creates a challenge, how do we develop generic capabilities without losing discipline content. This report analyses teamwork projects embedded in an undergraduate Biotechnology degree designed to promote teamwork skills along with a deeper understanding of the underpinning biochemistry. Student reflective writing was used to capture students' understanding and experience of teamwork as well as provide insight into their metacognition. The analysis demonstrates that 73% of Year 3 and 93% of Year 4 students were capable of learning about teamwork through reflective writing. While the importance of frequent high quality communication was a common theme, evidence suggests that many students were unsophisticated in their use of communication software. The analysis also highlighted the depth of metacognition that underpins successful team function and the significant weaknesses in self-insight some students possess. These findings challenge assumptions regarding student capacity for leadership and the ability of some students to contribute to successful team outcomes. It is essential for the design of teamwork experiences to fully understand the competencies that underlie teamwork, the metacognitive processes required, and ensure that assessments are fair and measure individual academic performance. PMID:22807426

Mayne, Lynne

2012-07-01

307

Medical Students as Hospice Volunteers: Reflections on an Early Experiential Training Program in End-of-Life Care Education.  

PubMed

Abstract Background: Despite an increase in the content of palliative medicine curricula in medical schools, students are rarely exposed to end-of-life (EOL) care through real-patient experiences during their preclinical education. Objective: To evaluate the utility and impact of exposure to EOL care for first year medical students (MS-1s) through a hospice volunteer experience. Methods: Patients and Families First (PFF), a hospice volunteer training program in EOL care, was piloted on three cohorts of MS-1s as an elective. Fifty-five students received 3 hours of volunteer training, and were then required to conduct at least two consecutive hospice visits on assigned patients to obtain course credit. Students' reflective essays on their experiences were analyzed using qualitative methodology and salient themes were extracted by two investigators independently and then collaboratively. Results: The following five themes were identified from students' reflective essays: perceptions regarding hospice patients; reactions regarding self; normalcy of EOL care at home; impact of witnessing death and dying; and suggestions for improving EOL care education for medical students. Conclusion: Hospice volunteering during preclinical years may provide valuable experiential training for MS-1s in caring for seriously ill patients and their families by fostering personal reflection and empathic skills, thereby providing a foundation for future patient encounters during clinical training. PMID:24754869

Mott, Melissa L; Gorawara-Bhat, Rita; Marschke, Michael; Levine, Stacie

2014-06-01

308

Discussing end-of-life issues with patients: reflections on developing an interviewing template to assist first-year medical students.  

PubMed

First-year medical students at the University of Ottawa currently use an interview template to work with patients who have chronic illnesses. A second-year medical student (JJ) modified the template to facilitate the discussion of death and end-of-life care by students who may have had little previous experience with such sensitive topics. The modification was accomplished using the following strategies: a systematic literature review on long-term care or nursing home residents' end-of-life needs; participation in a support group for families of dying patients; volunteering in a day hospice program for two months; piloting the template with two palliative care patients, one resident of a long-term care facility, and one family member. The paper summarizes and reflects on the process. PMID:11813343

Jones, J; Hall, P; Schroder, C; Weaver, L; Bouvette, M

2001-01-01

309

Reflections of students graduating from a transforming medical curriculum in South Africa: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background The six year medical programme at the University of the Witwatersrand admits students into the programme through two routes – school entrants and graduate entrants. Graduates join the school entrants in the third year of study in a transformed curriculum called the Graduate Entry Medical Programme (GEMP). In years I and 2 of the GEMP, the curriculum is structured into system based blocks. Problem-based learning, using a three session format, is applied in these two years. The curriculum adopts a biopsychosocial approach to health care, which is implemented through spiral teaching and learning in four main themes – basic and clinical sciences, patient-doctor, community- doctor and personal and professional development. In 2010 this programme produced its fifth cohort of graduates. Methods We undertook a qualitative, descriptive and contextual study to explore the graduating students’ perceptions of the programme. Interviews were conducted with a total of 35 participants who volunteered to participate in the study. The majority of the participants interviewed participated in focus group discussions. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically, using Tesch’s eight steps. Ethics approval for the study was obtained from the Human Research Ethics Committee of the University of the Witwatersrand. Participants provided written consent to participate in the interviews and for the interviews to be audio-taped. Results Six themes were identified. These were: two separate programmes, problem-based learning and Garmins® (navigation system), see patients for real, being seen as doctors, assessment: of mice and MCQ’s, a cry for support and personal growth and pride. Participants were vocal in their reflections of experiences encountered during the programme and made several insightful suggestions for curriculum transformation. The findings suggest that graduates are exiting the programme confident and ready to begin their internships. Conclusions The findings of this study have identified a number of areas which need attention in the curriculum. Specifically attention needs to be given to ensuring that assessment is standardized; student support structures and appropriate levels of teaching. The study demonstrated the value of qualitative methods in obtaining students’ perceptions of a curriculum.

2012-01-01

310

Research Paper: Predictors of Student Success in Graduate Biomedical Informatics Training: Introductory Course and Program Success  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo predict student performance in an introductory graduate-level biomedical informatics course from application data.DesignA predictive model built through retrospective review of student records using hierarchical binary logistic regression with half of the sample held back for cross-validation. The model was also validated against student data from a similar course at a second institution.MeasurementsEarning an A grade (Mastery) or a C

Irmgard U Willcockson; Craig W. Johnson; William R. Hersh; Elmer V. Bernstam

2009-01-01

311

Geriatric palliative care: do medical students' narrative reflections after a hospice clinical experience link to geriatric competencies?  

PubMed

Since the Association of American Medical Colleges geriatric competencies were released, educators are striving to incorporate them into medical student curricula. The purpose of this study is to examine medical students' reflections after an interdisciplinary, hospice staff-precepted clinical experience, and whether these reflections relate to the geriatric competencies which focus on palliative care. From July 2010 to June 2011, 155 2nd- and 3rd-year medical students participated in a required, half-day hospice experience, with 120 (77%) submitting narrative reflections for analysis. The narratives were analyzed using the constant comparative method associated with grounded theory, followed by consensus-building in an iterative process, to identify themes. Six themes were identified from the analysis of student narratives: demonstrating a new or expanded knowledge of hospice care (79%, 95/120), developing new insights about self and others (74%, 89/120), changing attitudes toward hospice care (63%, 76/120), linking patient needs with appropriate team members (43%, 52/120), understanding patient goals of care (43%, 51/120), and discussing palliative care as a treatment option (27%, 32/120). The authors conclude that a brief, interdisciplinary, hospice staff-precepted clinical experience is an effective model to inspire medical students to reflect on geriatric palliative care. Students clearly reflected on the geriatric palliative care competencies of symptom assessment and management, and gained insight into the role of the hospice team members and how hospice care can be a positive treatment option. Future educators should think about building on this type of high impact learning experience, and developing items to measure application of knowledge gained. PMID:23972213

Corcoran, Amy M; True, Gala; Charles, Natasha; Margo, Katherine L

2013-01-01

312

Ensuring Student Success through Collaboration: Summer Institute Papers and Recommendations of the Council of Chief State School Officers, 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains papers that were commissioned for the 1992 Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) Summer Institute. These papers form the basis for the CCSSO's study of school-community collaboration, which focuses on the role of the community in ensuring the success of all students. Following the acknowledgements and introduction,…

Council of Chief State School Officers, Washington, DC.

313

Motivational Counseling as an Educational Tool for Black Students. Position Paper No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motivational counseling facilitates the activation of specific drives and incentives which will trigger action or decisions on the part of black students. These causative factors enable the students to establish and develop realistic goals and objectives and a precise plan for reaching their stated aspirations. Schools generally frustrate the…

Tribble, Ike, Jr.

314

Draft paper Understanding Student Diculties in First Year Quantum Mechanics Courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

From February through May 2005, two courses on quantum me- chanics have been closely observed to identify problems students may have when learning quantum mechanics. These observations were done in the first phase of a PhD project on the teaching and learn- ing of introductory quantum mechanics. The observations show that students seem to have diculties with the Copenhagen interpretation

Lodewijk Koopman

315

Student Persistence Patterns: A Computerized System for Monitoring Enrollment. AIR Forum 1982 Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The design and development of a computerized student flow model at Eastern Montana College and its use in monitoring student enrollment are considered. In addition, guidelines are presented for adapting a flow model to the dimensions of a particular institution. Particular emphasis is given to reviewing the criteria that researchers should use…

Van Dyk, Jane M.; Kerstein, Dianne

316

A Contextualized Intervention for Community College Developmental Reading and Writing Students. CCRC Working Paper No. 38  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructors in community college developmental education programs are constantly seeking new ways to improve outcomes for their students, but, to date, there has been a shortage of empirical studies on the effectiveness of such efforts. The current study provides evidence on the potential efficacy of an approach to helping students develop an…

Perin, Dolores; Bork, Rachel Hare; Peverly, Stephen T.; Mason, Linda H.; Vaselewski, Megan

2011-01-01

317

Comparing Student Performance and Growth in Two and Four Year Institutions. AIR 2001 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the structural organizational characteristics of 51 higher education institutions in a single state (23 four-year and 28 two-year campuses) in relation to student performance and growth. In all, 7,658 students completed the assessment instrument at the end of their second year. The study found that organizational measures of…

Strauss, Linda C.; Volkwein, J. Fredericks

318

One Day Too Late? Mobile Students in an Era of Accountability. Working Paper 82  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How to incorporate mobile students, who enter schools/classrooms after the start of the school year, into educational performance evaluations remains to be a challenge. As mandated by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), all states currently require that a school is accountable only if the student has been enrolled in the school for a full…

Ozek, Umut

2012-01-01

319

Are You Spoon-Feeding Your Students? A Paper on Facilitating a Collaborative Learning Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to curb high first-year attrition rates and to motivate students from a state of passive learning to one of active participation, Bergen Community College implemented a program of peer teaching-learning and group inquiry strategies in a preclinical dental hygiene course. To determine freshman students' learning styles, the following…

Drew, Claudine Paula

320

College 101 Courses for Applied Learning and Student Success. CCRC Working Paper No. 49  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College 101 courses--also called student success, introduction to college, orientation to college, or freshman experience courses--provide students with information about college and campus services, assistance with academic and career planning, and techniques to improve study habits and personal skills. This study investigated College 101 courses…

Karp, Melinda Mechur; Bickerstaff, Susan; Rucks-Ahidiana, Zawadi; Bork, Rachel Hare; Barragan, Melissa; Edgecombe, Nikki

2012-01-01

321

Scaling the Digital Divide: Home Computer Technology and Student Achievement. Working Paper 48  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does differential access to computer technology at home compound the educational disparities between rich and poor? Would a program of government provision of computers to early secondary school students reduce these disparities? The authors use administrative data on North Carolina public school students to corroborate earlier surveys that…

Vigdor, Jacob L.; Ladd, Helen F.

2010-01-01

322

Scaling the Digital Divide: Home Computer Technology and Student Achievement. NBER Working Paper No. 16078  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does differential access to computer technology at home compound the educational disparities between rich and poor? Would a program of government provision of computers to early secondary school students reduce these disparities? We use administrative data on North Carolina public school students to corroborate earlier surveys that document broad…

Vigdor, Jacob L.; Ladd, Helen F.

2010-01-01

323

Student Satisfaction Surveys: Measurements and Utilization Issues. AIR 1993 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student satisfaction surveys assess satisfaction with various facets of the university and includes key sets of questions on programs and services, university learning and social environment, university mission and values, educational preparation, transfer intent, general satisfaction, attitudes toward coursework, and student demographic…

Sanders, Liz; Chan, Susy

324

Testing the Limits of the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire. AIR 1994 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested the ability of the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (SACQ) to predict attrition for first-time, full-time freshmen at a predominantly white, medium-sized, liberal arts, denominational college in the southeast. A random sample of 100 students were surveyed of which 84 returned usable questionnaires (57 females, 27 male,…

Kaase, Kristopher J.

325

Student Success Courses and Educational Outcomes at Virginia Community Colleges. CCRC Working Paper No. 40  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the Virginia Community College System and building upon prior Florida-based research, this study examines whether student success course enrollment has positive associations with shorter term student outcomes, including earning any college credits within the first year and persisting into the second year. The present study finds…

Cho, Sung-Woo; Karp, Melinda Mechur

2012-01-01

326

Comparison of Student Performance using Web and Paper-Based Homework in College-Level Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homework gives students an opportunity to practice important college-level physics skills. A switch to Web-based homework alters the nature of feedback received, potentially changing the pedagogical benefit. Calculus- and algebra-based introductory physics students enrolled in large paired lecture sections at a public university completed homework…

Bonham, Scott W.; Deardorff, Duane L.; Beichner, Robert J.

2003-01-01

327

Throwing Paper Wads in the Chemistry Classroom: Really Active Student Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It is well-known that too many students learn to "plug and chug" formulas while gaining very little concomitant understanding of the underlying concepts. Active engagement in the classroom is one of the best tools available for overcoming conceptual difficulties. Science educators agree that students of all ages learn more by participating actively in the interpretation of scientific phenomena (NAS 2003; NSF 1998).

Orvis, Jeffrey A.; Orvis, Jessica

2005-11-01

328

Implementing Statewide Longitudinal Student Data Systems: Lessons from the States. Working Paper #22  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing accurate and useful information on student achievement is a rising challenge for state educational agencies. With the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) in 2001, such challenges have become more pressing. A centerpiece of the educational accountability movement, NCLB has prompted states to improve their reporting on student

Anagnostopoulos, Dorothea; Bali, Valentina A.

2011-01-01

329

Initiating Student-Teacher Contact via Personalized Responses to One-Minute Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers have used many different techniques in efforts to augment engagement given the strong engagement-learning link. Teacher-student contact is one of the most effective tools for fostering engagement; however, some teachers find it hard to initiate contact in a way that seems natural. I present one method of initiating student-teacher…

Lucas, Gale M.

2010-01-01

330

Factor Analysis of Evening Student Needs: Implications for Planning. SAIR Conference Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The needs of evening students at Shelby State Community College campuses were surveyed in 1984, with attention to reasons for continuing one's education, employment status, preferred class times, and preferred teaching formats. Sixty-five questions were included dealing with students' perceived personal, academic, and career development concerns.…

Kitabchi, Gloria; Benjamin, Kathleen

331

General Education Oral Communication Assessment and Student Preferences for Learning: E-Textbook versus Paper Textbook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a yearly university mandated assessment of a large basic communication course that fulfills the oral communication general education requirement, this study examined student preferences for textbooks, reading, and learning. Specifically, basic course students ("N"=321) at a large state university in the Midwest were asked to complete a…

Dwyer, Karen Kangas; Davidson, Marlina M.

2013-01-01

332

Children's Reactions to Katrina and Rita: A Ph.D. Student's Reflection after Observing His Own Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A graduate student in early childhood education discusses observations of his children during and after Hurricanes Rita and Katrina struck the Gulf Coast. He relates his use of responsive parenting and provides examples of his children's learning and play that emerged after the storms. He reflects upon how aspects of developmentally appropriate…

Durham, R. Sean

2007-01-01

333

Tracing Student Responsiveness to Intervention with Early Literacy Skills Indicators: Do They Reflect Growth toward Text Reading Outcomes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated four widely-used early literacy skills indicators in reflecting growth toward first-grade text reading skills. Examining the progress of 101 students across kindergarten and first grade, Letter Naming Fluency (LNF) and Nonsense Word Fluency (NWF) were more accurate than Initial Sounds Fluency and Phoneme Segmentation…

Clemens, Nathan H.; Hilt-Panahon, Alexandra; Shapiro, Edward S.; Yoon, Myeongsun

2012-01-01

334

The Reflective Online Searching Skills (ROSS) Environment: embedding information literacy into student learning through an online environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Reflective Online Searching Skills (ROSS) Environment is an e-learning tool that fosters the development of student skill and knowledge in online searching. It was developed with the support of Faculty of Information Technology and the Teaching and Learning Support Services at the Queensland University of Technology (QUT). In 2007 ROSS is being developed for use within the first year

Helen Partridge; Sylvia Edwards; Andrew Baker; Lynn McAllister

2008-01-01

335

Perceived Ideological Bias in the College Classroom and the Role of Student Reflective Thinking: A Proposed Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tests a model of students' reflective thinking, perceived ideological bias among university faculty, and reactions to ideological bias in the college classroom. Participants were 187 undergraduates who completed the Reasoning About Current Issues Questionnaire and the Political Bias in the Classroom Survey. Structural equation modeling…

Linvill, Darren L.; Mazer, Joseph P.

2011-01-01

336

Community College Students and Federal Student Financial Aid: A Policy Framework for the Next Administration. AACC White Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Pell Grants, loan programs, and campus-based aid provided by Title IV of the Higher Education Act now provide almost 80% of all aid awarded to college students in the United States. Although the programs have helped increase the number of Americans attaining higher education, much more needs to be done. In 1993, the college completion rate was…

Baime, David

337

Students' Responses and Approaches to Case-Based Instruction: The Role of Reflective Self-Regulation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied how students with high and low levels of self-regulation responded to and approached case-based learning was studied with 9 students representing high and low self-regulation levels among a class of 58 veterinary students. Students with high self-regulation were more likely to value case-based instruction. (SLD)

Ertmer, Peggy A.; And Others

1996-01-01

338

Reflecting Reflective Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper demystifies reflective practice on teaching by focusing on the idea of reflection itself and how it has been conceived by two philosophers, Plato and Irigaray. It argues that reflective practice has become a standardized method of defining the teacher in teacher education and teacher accreditation systems. It explores how practices of…

Galea, Simone

2012-01-01

339

Does Medical Students' Preference of Test Format (Computer-based vs. Paper-based) have an Influence on Performance?  

PubMed Central

Background Computer-based examinations (CBE) ensure higher efficiency with respect to producibility and assessment compared to paper-based examinations (PBE). However, students often have objections against CBE and are afraid of getting poorer results in a CBE. The aims of this study were (1) to assess the readiness and the objections of students to a CBE vs. PBE (2) to examine the acceptance and satisfaction with the CBE on a voluntary basis, and (3) to compare the results of the examinations, which were conducted in different formats. Methods Fifth year medical students were introduced to an examination-player and were free to choose their format for the test. The reason behind the choice of the format as well as the satisfaction with the choice was evaluated after the test with a questionnaire. Additionally, the expected and achieved examination results were measured. Results Out of 98 students, 36 voluntarily chose a CBE (37%), 62 students chose a PBE (63%). Both groups did not differ concerning sex, computer-experience, their achieved examination results of the test, and their satisfaction with the chosen format. Reasons for the students' objections against CBE include the possibility for outlines or written notices, a better overview, additional noise from the keyboard or missing habits normally present in a paper based exam. The students with the CBE tended to judge their examination to be more clear and understandable. Moreover, they saw their results to be independent of the format. Conclusions Voluntary computer-based examinations lead to equal test scores compared to a paper-based format.

2011-01-01

340

Fostering reflective practice: self-assessment abilities of physical therapy students and entry-level graduates.  

PubMed

Adopting the American Physical Therapy Association Clinical Performance Instrument, physical therapy (PT) interns are required to self-assess, hence the need for development of self-assessment abilities. The purpose of this research was threefold: (1) to develop an interview guide instrument to gather qualitative data, (2) to investigate the experience of self-assessment of PT students and new graduates, and (3) to identify training needs and propose a plan to incorporate self-assessment for PT lifelong learners. This study evaluated the self-assessment abilities of PT learners by investigating the following self-assessment components: (1) abilities and skills, (2) barriers and/or support, (3) training needs, and (4) essential elements for development. The sample consisted of 11 PT learners and internal and external evaluative committee members. Qualitative and evaluative methods were implemented to generate data addressing research questions related to (1) interview instrumentation; (2) self-assessment, with data gathering through semistructured interviews; and (3) evaluative examination of the plan to incorporate self-assessment. Data were analyzed for emerging codes and themes, synthesized, and recontextualized. Formative and summative evaluative committees validated the interview guide instrument and proposed plan for incorporation of self-assessment. Core themes emerged pertaining to specific aspects of self-assessment, including requirements, areas for improvement, motivational and promotion factors, and activities that facilitate self-assessment. Participants exhibited self-assessment abilities, encountering obstacles and support, important to health care professionals, educators, and clinical faculty. Training needs were identified for PT learners and for clinical and academic faculty. These findings parallel with Schön's concept of reflective practice and Bandura's social learning theory. The self-assessment plan includes practice improvement components viable for health professions education. PMID:16615294

Musolino, Gina Maria

2006-01-01

341

A Pedagogical Strategy to Facilitate Interdisciplinary Reflective Thinking and Practice in Rehabilitation Counseling Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Simultaneous calls have been issued for reflective thinking and interdisciplinary collaboration in the teaching and the practice of rehabilitation counseling. This article introduces a learning tool, Fanciful Reflections, which can serve as a stimulus in such endeavors. Classroom and in-the-field applications of "fanciful reflecting" are provided…

Case, Jan; Backes, Erica; Babu, Sonica; White, Ashley; Jennings, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

342

Does the Missouri Teacher Career Ladder Program Raise Student Achievement? Draft Report. Working Paper 2008-15  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Missouri has had a Career Ladder program for teachers since 1987, very little research has been carried out to measure the program's effects and what has been studied has not been comprehensive. This paper examines the program's effect on student achievement across the state, using longitudinal data on district math and reading scores for…

Booker, Kevin; Glazerman, Steven

2008-01-01

343

What Makes Special Education Teachers Special? Teacher Training and Achievement of Students with Disabilities. Working Paper 49  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper contributes importantly to the growing literature on the training of special education teachers and how it translates into classroom practice and student achievement. The authors examine the impact of pre-service preparation and in-service formal and informal training on the ability of teachers to promote academic achievement among…

Feng, Li; Sass, Tim R.

2010-01-01

344

Organizing Schools to Improve Student Achievement: Start Times, Grade Configurations, and Teacher Assignments. Discussion Paper 2011-08  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education reform proposals are often based on high-profile or dramatic policy changes, many of which are expensive, politically controversial, or both. In this paper, we argue that the debates over these "flashy" policies have obscured a potentially important direction for raising student performance--namely, reforms to the management or…

Jacob, Brian A.; Rockoff, Jonah E.

2011-01-01

345

EDUCATIONAL PROBLEMS AND PLANNING FOR GIFTED STUDENTS--SELECTED PAPERS FROM GRADUATE LEADERSHIP TRAINING PROGRAM ON THE GIFTED.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SEVEN ARTICLES FROM THE INSTITUTE FOR RESEARCH ON EXCEPTIONAL CHILDREN CONSIDER THE GIFTED CHILD. THE FIRST ARTICLE, "LEADERSHIP TRAINING FOR THE GIFTED--A GRADUATE PROGRAM," IS BY J.J. GALLAGHER, DIRECTOR OF THE PROGRAM. SIX RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PAPERS BY GRADUATE STUDENTS FOLLOW--"THE VARIABLE OF RACE, SEX AND INTELLIGENCE RELATED TO SOCIAL…

GALLAGHER, JAMES J.; AND OTHERS

346

The Effect of Performance-Pay in Little Rock, Arkansas on Student Achievement. Working Paper 2008-02  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines evidence from a performance-pay program implemented in five Little Rock, Arkansas elementary schools between 2004 and 2007. Using a differences-in-differences approach, the evidence shows that students whose teachers were eligible for performance pay made substantially larger test score gains in math, reading, and language than…

Winters, Marcus; Greene, Jay P.; Ritter, Gary; Marsh, Ryan

2008-01-01

347

Spanish Students and Teachers' Preferences towards Computer-Based and Paper-and-Pencil Tests at Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to identify and analyze some significant features that influence students and teachers about computer-based tests (CBT) and paper-and-pencil tests (P&P) at the context of the PAULEX Project. In order to do that, a large experiment has been developed at the Universidad Politecnica de Valencia (Polytechnic University of…

De-Siqueira, Jose Macario; Peris-Fajarnes, Guillermo; Gimenez, Fernando; Magal-Royo, Teresa

2009-01-01

348

Survey of substance use among high school students in Taipei: Web-based questionnaire versus paper-and-pencil questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To evaluate, using a randomized trial, whether a web-based self-administered question- naire (web SAQ) can improve the reporting rate of substance use in adolescents compared with a paper-and-pencil self-administered questionnaire (paper SAQ). Methods: Students of junior high, senior high, and vocational high schools in Taipei City and County were selected by a stratified, two-stage, probability proportional to size, random

Yi-Ching Wang; Ching-Mei Lee; Chih-Yin Lew-Ting; Chuhsing Kate Hsiao; Duan-Rung Chen; Wei J. Chen

2005-01-01

349

Constrained after College: Student Loans and Early Career Occupational Choices. NBER Working Paper No. 13117  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the early 2000s, a highly selective university introduced a "no-loans" policy under which the loan component of financial aid awards was replaced with grants. We use this natural experiment to identify the causal effect of student debt on employment outcomes. In the standard life-cycle model, young people make optimal educational investment…

Rothstein, Jesse; Rouse, Cecilia Elena

2007-01-01

350

The Effects of NBPTS-Certified Teachers on Student Achievement. Working Paper 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we consider the efficacy of a relatively new and widely accepted certification system for teachers established by the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS). To address the limitations in past research on the subject, we utilize a unique database covering the universe of teachers and students in Florida for a…

Harris, Douglas N.; Sass, Tim R.

2007-01-01

351

Predicting Student Performances at a Minority Professional School. AIR 2001 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempted to build the best fitting prediction model, with high predictive validity, for success at a minority professional school. The resulting model could be used to document the effectiveness of academic programs and applicant screening. Data for 216 medical students from the college were used to evaluate the usefulness of the…

Chen, Chau-Kuang; Campbell, Vickie C.; Suleiman, Ahmad

352

Is Satisfying College Students the Same as Decreasing Their Dissatisfaction? AIR 1998 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study sought to investigate the possibility that college student satisfaction and dissatisfaction were not opposites and to provide a framework for considering the relationships between satisfaction, dissatisfaction, and motivation. The guiding model for the study was Herzberg's two-factor theory of organizational psychology. Conducted…

Danielson, Cherry

353

Faculty Involvement in Developing and Measuring Student Learning Outcomes. AIR 2002 Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade, institutions of higher education have come under increasing demands for accountability. Colleges and universities are expected to document student learning, beyond traditional course grades. The use of assessment as a tool to improve learning relies on the active involvement of faculty in planning, implementing, and refining…

Larson, Elizabeth J. Hunt; Greene, Andrea L.; Corrigan, Joseph M.

354

Professors on the Production Line, Students on Their Own. Working Paper 2009-01  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In higher education in the United States, teaching and research in the fields of language and literature are in a desperate condition. Laboring on the age-old axiom "publish-or-perish," thousands of professors, lecturers, and graduate students are busy producing dissertations, books, essays, and reviews. Over the past five decades, their…

Bauerlein, Mark

2009-01-01

355

"Research Papers Have Always Seemed Very Daunting": Information Literacy Narratives and the Student Research Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taking an interdisciplinary approach that draws on narrative theory, composition scholarship, and investigations into the affective dimensions of the research process, this article discusses stories written by college students about their experiences locating, evaluating, and using information in the context of academic research. These narratives…

Detmering, Robert; Johnson, Anna Marie

2012-01-01

356

Factors Affecting Academic Outcomes of Underprepared Community College Students. AIR 1999 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the factors affecting the four-year academic performance and outcomes of 1,249 underprepared students at Prince George's Community College (Maryland). The fall 1994 freshmen required remediation in reading, writing, or mathematics. Subjects were defined as achievers if, by summer 1998, they had earned a degree or certificate…

Zhao, J. Charles

357

Alcohol and Student Performance: Estimating the Effect of Legal Access. NBER Working Paper No. 17637  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We consider the effect of legal access to alcohol on student achievement. We first estimate the effect using an RD design but argue that this approach is not well suited to the research question in our setting. Our preferred approach instead exploits the longitudinal nature of the data, identifying the effect by measuring the extent to which a…

Lindo, Jason M.; Swensen, Isaac D.; Waddell, Glen R.

2011-01-01

358

Increasing Visibility: The Racial Attitudes of Asian Pacific American Students. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined personal and collegiate influences on Asian Pacific American college students' attitudes toward three racial/ethnic diversity issues. The study's organizing framework was a combination of Astin's I-E-O (inputs, environments, and outputs) model and Weidman's model of undergraduate socialization. Data were drawn from a…

Inkelas, Karen Kurotsuchi

359

Are Big-Time Sports a Threat to Student Achievement? NBER Working Paper No. 17677  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We consider the relationship between collegiate-football success and non-athlete student performance. We find that the team's success significantly reduces male grades relative to female grades. This phenomenon is only present in fall quarters, which coincides with the football season. Using survey data, we find that males are more likely than…

Lindo, Jason M.; Swensen, Isaac D.; Waddell, Glen R.

2011-01-01

360

College Influence on Student Intentions toward International Competence. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempted to test the concept of international competence as a construct and to estimate the extent to which college experience predicts variance on student intentions toward international competence. Relying on Lambert's model of global competence, the study tested five components of international competence for validity and…

English, Susan Lewis

361

A Model Community Program To Acclimate Spouses of International University Students. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the Spouses of International Students and Scholars (SISS) program at the University of Montana in Missoula, an orientation program designed to meet the adjustment and English-as-a-second-language needs of women from several countries. Twelve women from six different countries (China, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Nepal, and Taiwan)…

Ojo, Patchechole

362

An Analysis of Variables Which Discriminate between Persisting and Non-Persisting Students. SAIR Conference Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of noncognitive and cognitive variables in predicting student persistence was studied. A total of 698 black freshmen entering North Carolina Central University in 1978 were studied. Sixty-one percent of the sample were female; 83 percent were between 18 and 22 years old; and 65 percent were from cities and towns with populations…

Pratt, Linda K.

363

Developing Student Creativity in Geography Classes: Four "How to Do It" Papers for Classroom Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four lessons for secondary school geography instruction focus on creative thinking through generating alternatives, imagining consequences, generating analogies, and creating products. In lesson 1 students lay out alternatives to solving a problem and decide the best course of action. Suggested activities include consideration of alternatives in…

Wragg, Paul H.; Allen, Rodney F.

364

Promoting Student Success: What Business Leaders Can Do. Occasional Paper No. 16  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than any other group of stakeholders, business leaders are aware that this country's ability to remain competitive in a global, technology-based economy is ever more closely tied to its ability to produce more and better prepared college graduates. Graduating more students from various backgrounds who are well prepared to meet the social,…

Lovett, Clara M.

2005-01-01

365

Bullying and Students with Disabilities: A Briefing Paper from the National Council on Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like bullying in general, bullying of students with disabilities represents both a civil rights and public health challenge. Amongst the possible effects of bullying the U.S. Department of Education (DOE, 2010) includes lowered academic achievement and aspirations, increased anxiety, loss of self-esteem and confidence, depression and…

Young, Jonathan; Ne'eman, Ari; Gelser, Sara

2012-01-01

366

Multicriteria Analysis: Managing Complexity in Selecting a Student-Information System. AIR 1988 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seattle University recently decided to replace three separate, computerized student-information systems with a single, integrated system. The complexity of this decision was managed with a multicriteria method that was used to evaluate alternative systems. The method took into account the many and sometimes conflicting concerns of the people who…

Blanchard, William; And Others

367

How Teacher Turnover Harms Student Achievement. NBER Working Paper No. 17176  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers and policymakers often assume that teacher turnover harms student achievement, but recent evidence calls into question this assumption. Using a unique identification strategy that employs grade-level turnover and two classes of fixed-effects models, this study estimates the effects of teacher turnover on over 600,000 New York City 4th…

Ronfeldt, Matthew; Lankford, Hamilton; Loeb, Susanna; Wyckoff, James

2011-01-01

368

PalTalk Online Groups: Process and Reflections on Students' Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an investigation of students' perceptions of an online discussion group conducted using PalTalk, which is Internet-based audio conferencing software. After initial practice with the program, students conducted four group sessions in which they discussed nonconfidential topics related to supervision of counseling. Students

Page, Betsy J.; Jencius, Marty J.; Rehfuss, Mark C.; Foss, Louisa L.; Dean, Erin P.; Petruzzi, Megan L.; Olson, Seth D.; Sager, Denise E.

2003-01-01

369

Exploring the Impact of Race Talk in the Education Classroom: Doctoral Student Reflections  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this investigation was to explore doctoral students' experiences engaging in conversations about the role of race and racism in education during their programs. We conducted focus groups with graduate students in a School of Education at a predominantly White institution in the South. Our findings support the notion that creating space for doctoral students to engage in

Michelle L. Bryan; Brandy S. Wilson; Ashlee A. Lewis; Lisa E. Wills

2012-01-01

370

Factors affecting students’ attidude towards Math: ABC theory and its reflection on practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a qualitative research aimed to find out the factors that affect on 7th grade students’ attitude towards mathematics course. The present study was conducted in a public elementary school in Ankara, Keçiören district. 24 (8 sucessful, 8 average, and 8 unsucessful) 7th grade students participated in this study. Math teacher helped us selecting students based on his opinion

Çi?dem Y?lmaz; Sadegül Akbaba Altun; Sinan Olkun

2010-01-01

371

Art, Reflection, and Creativity in the Classroom: The Student-Driven Art Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The structure and functioning mechanics of a student-driven art course, "Arts and Ideas" [described in the September 2001 issue of "Art Education" in "Art and Ideas: Reaching Nontraditional Art Students" (Andrews, 2001)] were designed to create a classroom environment that would promote greater student input into learning and the choice of art…

Andrews, Barbara Henriksen

2005-01-01

372

Student Autonomy and Reflections on Researching and Writing the Undergraduate Dissertation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dissertation is often promoted as a means of advancing autonomous learning. It is said to offer the potential for students to move along a continuum from dependence to independence. This research used interviews with a small sample of students to obtain a better understanding of the way students approach the dissertation process. The study…

Greenbank, Paul; Penketh, Claire

2009-01-01

373

Motivating Students To Be Self-Reflective Learners through Goal-Setting and Self-Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This action research project implemented and evaluated a program to improve students' lack of effort and use of ineffective learning strategies. Participants were students in one kindergarten class, one second-grade class, one high ability fourth-grade class and one high ability fifth-grade class in a Midwest suburban school. Student and teacher…

Cunningham, Judy; Krull, Carol; Land, Nora; Russell, Sylvia

374

Succeeding in School: The Online Reflections of Native American and Other Minority Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This phenomenological study of students' online responses to the Succeeding in School program offers rare insight into how Native American and other minority students perceived and experienced their school environment. Students' strategies regarding behavior and attitude changes they would use to improve their success and counseling implications…

Zyromski, Brett; Bryant, Alfred, Jr.; Gerler, Edwin R., Jr.

2011-01-01

375

Summary of the June 2009 Educationtoday Crisis Survey: Initial Reflections on the Impact of the Economic Crisis on Education. OECD Education Working Papers, No. 43  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides initial reflections on the impact of the economic crisis on education across the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) area by analysing the OECD educationtoday crisis survey responses of June 2009. It first looks at the impact of the crisis on education demand and participation, after which the focus…

Karkkainen, Kiira

2010-01-01

376

New Evidence of Success for Community College Remedial English Students: Tracking the Outcomes of Students in the Accelerated Learning Program (ALP). CCRC Working Paper No. 53  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings from a follow-up quantitative analysis of the Community College of Baltimore County's Accelerated Learning Program (ALP). The results suggest that among students who enroll in the highest level developmental writing course, participation in ALP is associated with substantially better outcomes in terms of English…

Cho, Sung-Woo; Kopko, Elizabeth; Jenkins, Davis; Jaggars, Shanna Smith

2012-01-01

377

Influences of SO 2 and O 3 on the ageing of paper investigated by in situ diffuse reflectance FTIR and time-resolved trace gas analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The interactions of SO 2 and O 3 with fresh or aged bleached softwood pulp have been investigated using two techniques. The dry deposition of SO 2(g) on paper was studied using on-line gas analysis. Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transform (DRIFT) spectrometry was applied in situ to characterise the paper surface during exposure to the pollutants. The DRIFT technique is shown to be sensitive enough to measure very small changes on the paper surface. The initial reaction on paper subjected to SO 2 and O 3 is shown to be the protonation of carboxylate groups present on the fibre, the hydrogen ions being added through the interaction of SO 2 with the moisture present in the paper. Results supportive of the protonation are produced by exposure of the aged paper to NH 3(g). The results show that the combination of these techniques has a potential to show the degradation chemistry of paper under ambient conditions.

Johansson, Anna; Lennholm, Helena

2000-07-01

378

Integrating a structured ethical reflection curriculum into high school community service experiences: impact on students' sociomoral development.  

PubMed

It is widely accepted within the field of community service that reflection is an important factor in promoting personal and sociomoral development. The purpose of this research was to determine if a particular form of reflection--decision making with an emphasis on the ethical nature of community service--has special value in achieving service-learning goals. Three dimensions of adolescent identity development served as dependent variables: agency, social relatedness, and moral-political awareness. Four hundred seventy-six high school students were assessed on the dependent variables before and after experiencing one of three conditions: community service with an ethical reasoning component; community service with reflection, but without an ethical reasoning component; and no community service (control). After one semester, it was found that students in the first condition (ethical decision making curriculum integrated into the community service program) made greater advances on all three dimensions of identity formation when compared with students in the other two conditions. Specifically, it was found that they became more systematic in their ethical reasoning and more likely to consider situations and issues from an ethical point of view. PMID:11407634

Leming, J S

2001-01-01

379

Let's Reflect  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity allows students to investigate line symmetry and reflections. Using a mirror, students locate the lines of symmetry. in a square and then proceed to find other shapes by reflecting parts of the square. Ideas for implementation, extension and support are included along with a printable worksheet of squares (.doc)

2003-08-01

380

Doctoral education in the sciences: African-American students reflect on their experiences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The number of African American students and professors in the hard sciences at colleges and universities across the country is strikingly low. If we are to increase diversity at our nation's colleges and universities, then we need to better understand the culture of graduate programs through the eyes of students who are seldom seen or heard. This study was undertaken to better understand the graduate school experiences and career aspirations of African American students enrolled in doctoral programs in the sciences at a large, predominantly white Research I University. The researcher hoped to better understand how these students view faculty careers and their experiences as doctoral students. In this qualitative study, the informants' unique experiences are presented as brief life histories chronicling their academic careers in the sciences. Through the stories that were told, it seems clear that more can be done to enhance the graduate school culture and prepare students for careers as college faculty.

Smith, Tonisha M.

381

Strategies for improving patient recruitment to focus groups in primary care: a case study reflective paper using an analytical framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Recruiting to primary care studies is complex. With the current drive to increase numbers of patients involved in primary care studies, we need to know more about successful recruitment approaches. There is limited evidence on recruitment to focus group studies, particularly when no natural grouping exists and where participants do not regularly meet. The aim of this paper is

Jane V Dyas; Tanefa Apekey; Michelle Tilling; A Niroshan Siriwardena

2009-01-01

382

Is Everybody Ready? Readiness, Transition and Continuity: Reflections and Moving Forward. Working Papers in Early Childhood Development, Number 41  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This working paper considers ways to tackle the critical issue of early drop-out and under-achievement of children at school. It draws on evidence of the benefits of early childhood programmes to children's learning and success in school. It particularly examines how well-designed early childhood programmes can effectively address poverty and…

Arnold, Caroline; Bartlett, Kathy; Gowani, Saima; Merali, Rehana

2007-01-01

383

Hidden Educators and the Seduction of College Students: Higher Education's Competitive Disadvantage. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper suggests that undergraduate higher education is at a severe competitive disadvantage vis-a-vis other socializing and educating agencies in society and proposes some strategies to compensate for this disadvantage. First, the paper notes difficulties with mandated assessment as a major means of educational improvement. It then identifies…

Bess, James L.

384

Promoting Inquiry through Science Reflective Journal Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research paper is to detail how reflective journal writing can be used to facilitate science students' curiosity and engagement in laboratory work. This study advocates reflective journal writing as an instructional tool and a student-created learning resource that can serve additional formative assessment purposes. The…

Towndrow, Phillip Alexander; Ling, Tan Aik; Venthan, A. M.

2008-01-01

385

An appraisal of students' awareness of "self-reflection" in a first-year pathology course of undergraduate medical/dental education  

PubMed Central

Background Self-reflection and reflective practice are increasingly considered as essential attributes of competent professionals functioning in complex and ever-changing healthcare systems of the 21st century. The aim of this study was to determine the extent of students' awareness and understanding of the reflective process and the meaning of 'self-reflection' within the contextual framework of their learning environment in the first-year of their medical/dental education. We endorse that the introduction of such explicit educational tasks at this early stage enhances and promotes students' awareness, understanding, and proficiency of this skill in their continuing life-long health professional learning. Methods Over two years, students registered in first-year pathology at the University of Saskatchewan were introduced to a self-reflection assignment which comprised in the submission of a one-page reflective document to a template of reflective questions provided in the given context of their learning environment. This was a mandatory but ungraded component at the midterm and final examinations. These documents were individually analyzed and thematically categorized to a "5 levels-of-reflection-awareness" scale using a specially-designed rubric based on the accepted major theories of reflection that included students' identification of: 1) personal abilities, 2) personal learning styles 3) relationships between course material and student history 4) emotional responses and 5) future applications. Results 410 self-reflection documents were analyzed. The student self-awareness on personal learning style (72.7% level 3+) and course content (55.2% level 3+) were well-reflected. Reflections at a level 1 awareness included identification of a) specific teaching strategies utilized to enhance learning (58.4%), b) personal strengths/weaknesses (53%), and c) emotional responses, values, and beliefs (71.5%). Students' abilities to connect information to life experiences and to future events with understanding were more evenly distributed across all 5 levels of reflection-awareness. Conclusions Exposure to self-reflection assignments in the early years of undergraduate medical education increases student awareness and promotes the creation of personal meaning of one's reactions, values, and premises in the context of student learning environments. Early introduction with repetition to such cognitive processes as practice tools increases engagement in reflection that may facilitate proficiency in mastering this competency leading to the creation of future reflective health professionals.

2011-01-01

386

The Effect of Peer Feedback for Blogging on College Students' Reflective Learning Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflection is an important prerequisite to making meaning of new information, and to advance from surface to deep learning. Strategies such as journal writing and peer feedback have been found to promote reflection as well as deep thinking and learning. This study used an empirical design to investigate the interaction effects of peer feedback and…

Xie, Ying; Ke, Fengfeng; Sharma, Priya

2008-01-01

387

Personal, Reflective Writing: A Pedagogical Strategy for Teaching Business Students to Write  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of personal, reflective writing exercises is well documented in the disciplines of composition and management, and each discipline has been highly influential in establishing pedagogical practices in the business communication classroom. However, we see little evidence of the pedagogical practice, the use of personal reflective writing…

Lawrence, Holly

2013-01-01

388

Meaning Making: What Reflective Essays Reveal about Biology Students' Conceptions about Natural Selection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of reflective writing can play a central role in making meaning as learners process new information and connect it to prior knowledge. An examination of the written discourse can therefore be revealing of learners' cognitive understanding and affective (beliefs, feelings, motivation to learn) responses to concepts. Despite reflective

Balgopal, Meena M.; Montplaisir, Lisa M.

2011-01-01

389

Levels of reflective thinking and patient safety: an investigation of the mechanisms that impact on student learning in a single cohort over a 5 year curriculum.  

PubMed

Existing research into learning about patient safety focuses on identifying how educational interventions improve educational outcomes but few studies offer evidence that inform educators about the mechanisms involved in learning about patient safety. The current evidence based in undergraduates is also limited to outcomes that relate to knowledge and skills. A realist approach involving three cycles of data collection in a single cohort of students over 5 years used different outcomes in Kirkpatrick's framework to identify the mechanisms that influence students learning about patient safety. Data source 1. Focus groups identified an overarching theoretical model of the mechanisms that influence patient safety learning for medical students. Data source 2 Identified if the mechanisms from data source 1 could be demonstrated at the outcome level of knowledge and attitudes. Data source 3 Established associations between mechanisms and outcomes at skills and behavioural level, in a standardised simulated ward setting. Data source 1: The interpretation of data from seven focus groups involving sixty students identified reflection at two levels of Mezirow's descriptions; reflection and critical reflection as mechanisms that influence learning about error. Data source 2: Sixty-one students participated. The associations found, reflection and knowledge of actions to take for patient safety, r = 0.44 (P = 0.00) and critical reflection and intentions regarding patient safety, r = 0.40 (P = 0.00) Data source 3: Forty-eight students participated. The correlation identified associations between critical reflection and planned changes following feedback was, r = 0.48 (P = 0.00) and reflection and knowledge based errors r = -0.30 (P = 0.03). A realist approach identified two different levels of reflection were associated with different patient safety outcomes for this cohort of students. Critical reflection was associated with attitudes and reflection was associated with knowledge of actions and error behaviours. These findings give educators greater depth of information about the role of reflection in patient safety. PMID:23812868

Ambrose, Lucy J; Ker, Jean S

2014-08-01

390

Reflections on 10 years of sponsored senior design projects: Students win-clients win  

Microsoft Academic Search

Undergraduate computer science degree programs often provide an opportunity for students to experience real software projects as a part of their programs of study. These experiences frequently reside in a course in which students form software development teams, are assigned to a project offered by a corporate sponsor and devote one or two semesters to the task of making progress

Robert J. Fornaro; Margaret R. Heil; Alan L. Tharp

2007-01-01

391

What Clients Want - What Students Do: Reflections on Ten Years of Sponsored Senior Design Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Undergraduate computer science degree programs often provide an opportunity for students to experience real software projects as a part of their programs of study. These experiences frequently reside in a course in which students form software development teams, are assigned to a project offered by a corporate sponsor and devote one or two semesters to the task of making progress

Robert J. Fornaro; Margaret R. Heil; Alan L. Tharp

2006-01-01

392

Peer Pedagogy: Student Collaboration and Reflection in a Learning-through-Design Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Existing research suggests that one of the challenges for teachers in persisting with innovative inquiry curricula is their difficulty scaffolding students' transitions into technology-supported and open-ended activities. The question of whether students can effectively scaffold one another's transitions has not been previously…

Ching, Cynthia Carter; Kafai, Yasmin B.

2008-01-01

393

Reflections from the riot zone: The Fair Go Project and student engagement in a besieged community  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes and evaluates a pedagogical intervention aimed at improving student engagement in a very disadvantaged and low socio-economic status community in Australia. The intervention took place at a time of great community unrest and provides a contrast between wider public and media perceptions of poor communities and efforts at community renewal through education. A theoretical framework of student

Geoff Munns; Katina Zammit; Helen Woodward

2008-01-01

394

Reflections on Student Interns' Cultural Awareness Developed through a Short-Term International Internship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study-abroad internship option for students is one example of a transformational learning opportunity (TLO) that is becoming increasingly popular in programs offered by colleges and universities in the United States (Alfaro, 2008; Cushner & Mahon, 2002). These TLOs often have the potential to broaden, enrich, or augment student learning and…

Batey, Jacqueline J.; Lupi, Marsha H.

2012-01-01

395

Quiz Corrections: Improving Learning by Encouraging Students to Reflect on Their Mistakes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most introductory physics instructors administer several quizzes and/or exams each term. Instructors are willing to invest the significant time it takes to develop, administer, and grade these assessments because they believe that regular assessments help students learn. However, instructors also believe that students do not make full use of the…

Henderson, Charles; Harper, Kathleen A.

2009-01-01

396

Effects of Teaching and Learning Styles on Students' Reflection Levels for Ubiquitous Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ubiquitous learning (u-learning), in conjunction with supports from the digital world, is recognized as an effective approach for situating students in real-world learning environments. Earlier studies concerning u-learning have mainly focused on investigating the learning attitudes and learning achievements of students, while the causations such…

Hsieh, Sheng-Wen; Jang, Yu-Ruei; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Chen, Nian-Shing

2011-01-01

397

Broadening the Mind? Australian Student Reflections on the Experience of Overseas Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internationalization of higher education is usually accompanied by rhetorical flourishes that are always going to be difficult to live up to. The research reported here is based on surveys and focus group interviews with students at our home university that asks what students expect to learn and really learn from the university study abroad…

Forsey, Martin; Broomhall, Susan; Davis, Jane

2012-01-01

398

Collaborating To Enhance Student Reasoning: Frances' Account of Her Reflections While Teaching Chemical Equilibrium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a teacher's changing perceptions during a collaborative, two-year interpretive research project involving two researchers, herself, and her students. Uses the collaborative approach between teacher and researchers to promote students' theory-evidence coordination and use of word explanations with an emphasis on developing and critiquing…

Thomas, Gregory P.; McRobbie, Campbell J.

2002-01-01

399

Experiential Learning Using Second Life[R]: A Content Analysis of Student Reflective Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experiential learning allows students to connect previous experiences with new ideas. Second Life (SL) is a virtual world that allows students to simulate real-world experiences. SL was utilized as an educational tool in an agricultural risk and crisis communications course. Weekly journal entries pertaining to the SL simulation were analyzed to…

Leggette, Holli R.; Witt, Christy; Dooley, Kim E.; Rutherford, Tracy; Murphrey, Theresa Pesl; Doerfert, David; Edgar, Leslie D.

2012-01-01

400

Tri-Fold Transformation: An International Adult Student's Reflections on Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Being an international English as a Second Language (ESL) graduate student from China studying in the U.S., the author has undergone various types of transformation. Taking her first online course is one poignant example in which multiple layers of transformation occurred. In hopes of easing the transformation of other international ESL students

Tan, Fujuan

2009-01-01

401

My Former Students' Reflections on Having an Openly Gay Teacher in High School  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines how high school students were affected by having an openly gay teacher and compares its results to a previous study (Rofes, 2000). The author's lesbian, gay, or bisexual students experienced a sense of relief that they could finally feel comfortable about themselves, as well as feeling happy that others in the school were talking about sexual orientation

Ian K. Macgillivray

2008-01-01

402

The Dependence of Coping Behavior of the Students on Peculiarity of Subjective Reflection of the Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The representation level of the teacher in the inner world of the students is influencing the success in the study activities (Liimets H. I.). Because they are real accompaniers to students in the learning process, as in the temporal aspect, as well as in content, the question arises about the possibility of their impact on particular coping…

Fatima, Tashimova; Zukhra, Ismagambetova; Rima, Dzhansaraeyva; Alma, Mirsabekova; Aliya, Karabayeva; Farisa, Oskenbai

2013-01-01

403

Student Choice in Writing: Reflections on One Teacher's Inner Struggle to Relinquish Control  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why do I do that to myself? As a secondary English teacher, I want desperately for my students to pursue their own interests in their writing, but then I am stuck negotiating topics that push the envelope (read: make me uncomfortable): suicide attempts, cutting, abusive boyfriends, and drug use. When a student noted on his submission that it had…

Beaton, Anne M.

2010-01-01

404

Wigner: The Collected Works " Part B Mehra/Wightman: Historical, Philosophical, and Socio-Political Papers " Philosophical Reflections and Syntheses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Among the founding fathers of modern quantum physics few have contributed to our basic understanding of its concepts as much as E.P. Wigner. His articles on the epistemology of quantum mechanics and the measurement problem, and the basic role of symmetries were of fundamental importance for all subsequent work. He was also the first to discuss the concept of consciousness from the point of view of modern physics. All these papers can be found in this volume together with Wigner's philosophical writings. The book should be a gem for all those interested in the history and philosophy of science.

Emch, G. G.; Mehra, Jagdish

405

Reflecting on teaching through reflective service-learning: a pedagogical journey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the process of developing a revising service-learning component in an undergraduate psychology and family consumer science course through a reflective process of continual modification. Service-learning can be an effective pedagogical tool if it involves reflection, but facilitating student reflection can be challenging. Reflection upon student learning drove continual modification of the service-learning component over the course of

Sarah K. Sifers

2012-01-01

406

Theorizing multidimensional identity negotiation: reflections on the lived experiences of first-generation college students.  

PubMed

Drawing from recent research on first-generation college (FGC) students, this chapter advances an interdisciplinary theoretical framework for understanding how these students enact multiple aspects of their personal, cultural, and social identities. I use dialectical and cross-cultural adaptation theories as a foundation to extend examinations of how diverse FGC students negotiate the alien culture of the academy against that of home. In this regard, college is situated as a pivotal point of development, and successful negotiation of identity tensions is represented as a key factor in academic success. PMID:18521866

Orbe, Mark P

2008-01-01

407

Reflective Strategies and the Construction of a Teaching Philosophy (Prior to Student Teaching).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study was designed to investigate the development of preservice teachers' philosophy of teaching over a semester period. Five different reflective strategies generated written documents which were examined for distinctive patterns and themes across a...

S. Moreland

1997-01-01

408

Students Today, Teachers Tomorrow? Identifying Constraints on the Provision of Education. Policy Research Working Paper 5674  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With an estimated 115 million children not attending primary school in the developing world, increasing access to education is critical. Resource constraints limit the effectiveness of demand-based subsidies. This paper focuses on the importance of a supply-side factor--the availability of low-cost teachers--and the resulting ability of the market…

Andrabi, Tahir; Das, Jishnu; Khwaja, Asim Ijaz

2011-01-01

409

Motivational Aspects of Reading and Its Measurement in Community College Students. AIR 2000 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the development of a survey instrument to measure motivational aspects of reading and the use of reading strategies. The 28-item reading survey measured three factors: value, self-concept, and reading strategies. Factor analyses were run to confirm the existence of the three factors. The reading survey was administered to all…

Crane, Laura R.; Gustafson, Jean-Louise; Poziemski, Christine

410

Studies Presented to Robert B. Lees by His Students. Papers in Linguistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume, dedicated to Professor Robert B. Lees on the occasion of his departure from the University of Illinois, contains 15 papers on a variety of linguistic topics: C. L. Baker, "Problems of Polarity in Counterfactuals"; Lawrence F. Bouton, "Do So: Do+Adverb"; Chin-chuan Cheng, "Domains of Phonological Rule Application"; Joseph F. Foster,…

Sadock, Jerrold M.; Vanek, Anthony L.

411

Diagnosing Student Support Needs for Distance Learning. AIR 2001 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper continues previous research (N. Moreland and R. Carnwell, 2000) in which the development and background of the Learning Support Needs Questionnaire (LSNQ) were explained. The LSNQ identifies and elicits practical, emotional, and academic learning support needs, and is followed by an action planning process designed to assist the…

Carnwell, Ros; Harrington, Charles

412

Gendered Career Expectations of Students: Perspectives from PISA 2006. OECD Education Working Papers No. 57  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a comprehensive overview of adolescent career plans reported in PISA 2006. Its main focus is on the differences in the status and area of employment expected by girls and boys in high school. In almost all countries, girls lead boys in their interest in non-manual, high status professional occupations. This can be seen as a…

Sikora, Joanna; Pokropek, Artur

2011-01-01

413

The Political Participation of Working Youth and College Students. CIRCLE Working Paper 36  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unprecedented attention has gone to researching young voters, and yet one segment of this age group has been largely ignored: non-college (or "working") youth. Because very little is known about them, the following paper advances three fundamental concerns: What types of political activities do young workers engage in? What can be learned about…

Jarvis, Sharon E.; Montoya, Lisa; Mulvoy, Emily

2005-01-01

414

A Collaborative Role for Industry in Assessing Student Learning. AIR 1999 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper recounts the process of integrating industry into the assessment process in engineering education developed by the Synthesis Coalition, a group of colleges and schools working together to improve engineering education through development and implementation of curriculum reforms. Originating in the Coalition's efforts to introduce…

McMartin, Flora

415

Reflections from the Chair of Students of Adult Education Special Interest Group  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author attended his first AAACE meeting in Louisville in 2004 as part of a contingent of students from the University of Tennessee. He had no idea at the time how important this organization would become to him and how much it would help him through a time of transition. At that time, he was a first-year Ph.D. student and was new to the…

Frye, Steven

2006-01-01

416

The Influence of Student Effort, College Environments and Selected Student Characteristics on Undergraduate Student Learning and Personal Development at Metropolitan Institutions. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to measure what factors contribute to the learning and personal development of traditional and new majority students at six metropolitan institutions: University of Alabama, Birmingham; University of Louisville (Kentucky); Wichita State University (Kansas); University of Lowell (Massachusetts); Cleveland State University (Ohio);…

Arnold, James C.; And Others

417

Expanding School Resources and Increasing Time on Task: Effects of a Policy Experiment in Israel on Student Academic Achievement and Behavior. NBER Working Paper No. 18369  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, I examine how student academic achievements and behavior were affected by a school finance policy experiment undertaken in elementary schools in Israel. Begun in 2004, the funding formula changed from a budget set per class to a budget set per student, with more weight given to students from lower socioeconomic and lower educational…

Lavy, Victor

2012-01-01

418

A Guide to Writing a Scientific Paper: A Focus on High School Through Graduate Level Student Research  

PubMed Central

Abstract This article presents a detailed guide for high school through graduate level instructors that leads students to write effective and well-organized scientific papers. Interesting research emerges from the ability to ask questions, define problems, design experiments, analyze and interpret data, and make critical connections. This process is incomplete, unless new results are communicated to others because science fundamentally requires peer review and criticism to validate or discard proposed new knowledge. Thus, a concise and clearly written research paper is a critical step in the scientific process and is important for young researchers as they are mastering how to express scientific concepts and understanding. Moreover, learning to write a research paper provides a tool to improve science literacy as indicated in the National Research Council's National Science Education Standards (1996), and A Framework for K–12 Science Education (2011), the underlying foundation for the Next Generation Science Standards currently being developed. Background information explains the importance of peer review and communicating results, along with details of each critical component, the Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. Specific steps essential to helping students write clear and coherent research papers that follow a logical format, use effective communication, and develop scientific inquiry are described.

Petering, David H.; Berg, Craig A.; Tomasiewicz, Henry; Weber, Daniel

2012-01-01

419

Diffractive optical element-based glossmeter for the on-line measurement of normal reflectance on a printed porous coated paper  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gloss of a product, such as print gloss, is mainly inspected with conventional white light glossmeters both at laboratory or production facilities. However, problems occur in conventional gloss measurement when the inspected surface is vertically moved in the plane of incidence and reflection or when the measurement area is small or curved. For a partial solution to these problems, we have previously introduced diffractive optical element-based glossmeters (DOGs) for the gloss inspection in laboratories and off-line use. We present a new construction of DOG, termed ?DOG 1D, for the one-dimensional on-line print gloss measurement, in the form of the reflectance determination normal to the surface. The function of the glossmeter is demonstrated by laboratory tests and on-line measurements at a heat-set web offset printing machine. It is shown that gloss (i.e., normal reflectance) and minute gloss variation of papers and prints can be measured at the printing line using the glossmeter. This glossmeter is expected to be useful in real-time monitoring of the gloss and surface-specific absorption not only in the printing industry but also in inspection of products in other industrial sectors, such as metal finishing, laminating, paper, and construction materials manufacturing.

Oksman, Antti; Kuivalainen, Kalle; Ta?G, Carl-Mikael; Juuti, Mikko; Mattila, Rauno; Hietala, Eero; Gane, Patrick A. C.; Peiponen, Kai-Erik

2011-04-01

420

Joining the Goblins: Fictional Narratives and the Development of Student-Teachers' Reflection on Practice in the Further Education Sector  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores ways in which student-teachers in the Lifelong Learning sector are able to draw on fictionalised accounts of their own teaching practice experiences in order to gain a clearer understanding of their models and expectations of professionalism, and of how they, as individuals, locate their current position within the profession…

Wallace, Susan

2010-01-01

421

Negotiated meanings of disability simulations in an adapted physical activity course: learning from student reflections.  

PubMed

Disability simulations have been used as a pedagogical tool to simulate the functional and cultural experiences of disability. Despite their widespread application, disagreement about their ethical use, value, and efficacy persists. The purpose of this study was to understand how postsecondary kinesiology students experienced participation in disability simulations. An interpretative phenomenological approach guided the study's collection of journal entries and clarifying one-on-one interviews with four female undergraduate students enrolled in a required adapted physical activity course. The data were analyzed thematically and interpreted using the conceptual framework of situated learning. Three themes transpired: unnerving visibility, negotiating environments differently, and tomorrow I'll be fine. The students described emotional responses to the use of wheelchairs as disability artifacts, developed awareness of environmental barriers to culturally and socially normative activities, and moderated their discomfort with the knowledge they could end the simulation at any time. PMID:24762388

Leo, Jennifer; Goodwin, Donna

2014-04-01

422

Reflections around Artefacts: Using a Deliberative Approach to Teaching Reflective Practices in Fashion Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While requiring students to think reflectively is a desirable teaching goal, it is often fraught with complexity and is sometimes poorly implemented in higher education. In this paper, we describe an approach to academic reflective practices that fitted a design subject in fashion education and was perceived as effective in enhancing student

Ryan, Michael; Brough, Dean

2012-01-01

423

Student Cancer Journals- Personal Reflections and Research on Life and Death Issues  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students are "given" symptoms of particular cancers, and are given diagnoses, treatments, and prognoses. They are asked to research their particular symptoms, type of cancer, treatment regimens from a variety of sources, including journal articles, textbooks, personal interview with doctors, scientists, related agencies, and cancer patients. They are asked to make decisions about whether they would accept treatment, whether their own insurance would cover such treatment and then they "flip a coin" to determine the efficacy of their treatments (if they accept them) and also the final cure/mortality outcome. Students maintain journals of their activity and are graded for accuracy of research and completion of objectives.

BEGIN:VCARD VERSION:2.1 FN:Andrea Cobb N:Cobb;Andrea ORG:Chantilly High School REV:2005-04-12 END:VCARD

1995-06-30

424

Assessing, Teaming, and Reflecting: Student Outcomes from Participating in a Play-Based Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preparing early childhood education (ECE) and early childhood special education (ECSE) professionals to work with young children with and without disabilities entails the acquisition of content, its application, and opportunities for reflection. This article describes a component of an ECSE assessment course focusing on the logistics and process…

Bruns, Deborah A.; Cooley, Marissa

2010-01-01

425

Teaching the Material and Teaching the Students: Reflections on Introductory Courses for Non-Majors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching a required introductory Bible course to non-majors at a church-related college presents a number of pedagogical challenges. When considering how to teach such a course in the context of concerns common to the liberal arts, I find myself reflecting on authority. My thoughts on the teaching of this course in my own context are organized…

Kirkpatrick, Shane

2010-01-01

426

Doctoral Students' Experience with Using the Reflecting Team Model of Supervision Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence of the increasing use of technology in counselor education is indicated by the increase in journal articles, programs, websites, and books on this topic (Albrecht & Jones, 2001; Layne & Hohenshil, 2005). The Internet has emerged as an important tool in the training and supervision of counseling students (Conn, Roberts, & Powell, 2009;…

Sindlinger, Jodi

2011-01-01

427

Reflections on Recruiting, Supporting, Retaining, Graduating, and Obtaining Employment for Doctoral Students from Diverse Backgrounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors provide a summary of the current techniques being used to recruit, retain, and support a diverse range of scholars, including students with disabilities, in a doctoral program. The manuscript provides a summary of the current need for leadership personnel who are scholars with knowledge in special education, general…

Dieker, Lisa; Wienke, Wilfred; Straub, Carrie; Finnegan, Lisa

2014-01-01

428

Teaching and technology in higher education: student perceptions and personal reflections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past few decades universities in the United Kingdom have undergone fundamental and accelerating change with the resultant outcome of a radical move from what can be described as an elitist model of education to a popular or “populist” model. Entrance routes to higher education courses of study have diversified, and as a consequence the student population has also

John Milliken; L. Philip Barnes

2002-01-01

429

Pedagogical Content Knowledge as Reflected in Teacher-Student Interactions: Analysis of Two Video Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the theorized centrality of pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) for teaching, we have little evidence of the relationship between PCK and students' learning and know relatively little about how to help teachers to develop PCK. This study is a preliminary attempt to address these gaps in our knowledge of PCK through exploration of two…

Alonzo, Alicia C.; Kobarg, Mareike; Seidel, Tina

2012-01-01

430

Adapting Objective Structured Clinical Examinations to Assess Social Work Students' Performance and Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of standardized, valid, and reliable methods for assessment of students' practice competence continues to be a challenge for social work educators. In this study, the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE), originally used in medicine to assess performance through simulated interviews, was adapted for social work to…

Bogo, Marion; Regehr, Cheryl; Logie, Carmen; Katz, Ellen; Mylopoulos, Maria; Regehr, Glenn

2011-01-01

431

Analysis of Student Service-Learning Reflections for the Assessment of Transferable-Skills Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The civil and environmental engineering (CEE) programs at the University of Vermont (UVM) incorporate systems thinking and a systems approach to sustainable engineering problem solving. A systems approach considers long-term social, environmental and economic factors within the context of the engineering problem solution and encompasses sustainable engineering solutions. Our goal is to prepare students to become leaders in their chosen

D. M. Rizzo; M. Dewoolkar; N. Hayden; L. Oka; A. R. Pearce

2010-01-01

432

Relations among College Supervisors, Cooperating Teachers, and Student Teachers in a Reflective Teacher Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examined the personal practical theories (PPTs) of the members of the supervisory triad--college supervisor, cooperating teacher, and student teacher--to discover whether PPTs could provide information about relationships within the triad. Three preservice teachers, three college supervisors, and five cooperating teachers…

Stern, Barbara Slater

433

Explicit/Reflective Instructional Attention to Nature of Science and Scientific Inquiry: Impact on Student Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science educators have reclaimed the importance of educating to promote a scientifically literate society. Project ICAN: Inquiry, Context, and Nature of Science is a professional development project designed to enhance middle and high school science teachers' knowledge and pedagogical skills that directly address the reform's call for student

Schwartz, Renee S.; Lederman, Norman G.; Khishfe, Rola; Lederman, Judith Sweeney; Matthews, Lee; Liu, Shiang-Yao

434

A New View: Reflection and Student Teacher Growth through an E-Practicum Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores innovations in assessment of student teaching practice employed in the University of Cincinnati, USA, online associate's degree in early childhood education, the Early Childhood Learning Community. The program's components are identified with a specific focus on assessment of teaching practicum. The use of a range of…

Holstrom, Lisa; Ruiz, Donna; Weller, Gerry

2007-01-01

435

Socratic Case-Method Teaching in Sports Coach Education: Reflections of Students and Course Tutors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite reported increases in higher education (HE) sports coach education provision there are very few studies which have investigated student self-learning curricula as a mechanism to prepare sports coaches with the complexities of learning how to coach. Using an action research methodology, this article examines how case-method teaching (CMT)…

Roberts, Simon J.; Ryrie, Angus

2014-01-01

436

Teaching Students to Deconstruct Life Experience with Addictions: A Structured Reflection Exercise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students come to the classroom with life experience that may reinforce stigmatization of those who struggle with addiction. Educators must address this dynamic directly if addiction practitioners are to move beyond their personal experiences and come to understand the neuroscience of addiction, evidence-based practices, and the human potential for…

Lay, Kathy; McGuire, Lisa

2008-01-01

437

In Accord with Nature: Helping Students Form an Environmental Ethic Using Outdoor Experience and Reflection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book demonstrates how educators and youth leaders can help middle-school and older students understand and define their relationship with nature and learn the importance of protecting the environment. Chapter 1 defines environmental ethics and discusses biocentric and anthropocentric ways of seeing the world. Chapter 2 examines how ecology,…

Knapp, Clifford E.

438

The Developmental Model of Supervision as Reflected in the Experiences of Field Supervisors and Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools of social work invest an enormous amount of time and money training new field instructors to ensure their ability to help students integrate the knowledge, skill, and values of the profession. Some schools, like the one described here, frame their training in the context of a developmental model of supervision. Such models presume that…

Everett, Joyce E.; Miehls, Dennis; DuBois, Carolyn; Garran, Ann Marie

2011-01-01

439

Why Students Are Not (Just) Customers (and Other Reflections on Life after George).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses the play "Life after George," involving a dispute between a professor and dean, as a springboard to explore management issues in universities. Discusses students as customers; quality and value in public institutions; funding dilemmas, particularly in the humanities; and university culture versus university management. Advocates moving beyond…

Sharrock, Geoff

2000-01-01

440

Preadolescents Reflect on Their Drawings of Dance: Students' Voices in Art Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students, during the ages 11 years old to 13 years old ("tweens"), experience a growing desire to think and act independently while caring deeply about being accepted by the group. Tweens may feel vulnerable and self-conscious during the many changes that occur during puberty. These feelings can lead tweens to doubt their abilities and disengage…

Stokrocki, Mary; Eldridge, Laurie

2009-01-01

441

Adventure-Based Service Learning: University Students' Self-Reflection Accounts of Service with Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need to provide alternative and exciting community service-learning experiences with university students has been a challenge to institutions of higher education. One institution was able to capitalize on an idea of integrating challenge and adventure-based activities as a form of community service. This article focuses on undergraduate…

Quezada, Reyes L.; Christopherson, Richard W.

2005-01-01

442

Reflecting on “Project Katrina” and Developmentally Appropriate Practices: A Graduate Student's Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the independent study project of a student who was a graduate assistant in a child development laboratory preschool when Hurricanes Katrina and Rita struck the Gulf Coast area. Through her experiences with “Project Katrina” she deepens her understanding of developmentally appropriate practices as she learns firsthand about the project approach and writing an article for publication in

Andrée Schellhaas; Diane C. Burts; Carol Aghayan

2007-01-01

443

Reflecting on Field Studies in Teacher Education: Experiences of Student Teachers in Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this article is to describe how field studies can be useful in teacher education. While participating in a specialty area called "Play, learning and development," student teachers collected data about their own and young children's experience and perception of the outdoor environment. They observed, carried out interviews from a…

Niklasson, Laila; Sandberg, Anette

2012-01-01

444

Science through Their Eyes: Reflections of Student Teachers of Their Own Science Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the last five years I have asked students of the Diploma of Teaching and Graduate Diploma of Education to write "an individual science autobiography". They were asked to include their recollections of any science lesson that either encouraged them to do science or nearly put them off altogether. They were also asked if the content of the…

Palmer, W. P.

1995-01-01

445

Cooperative Learning on Mathematical Problem Solving: Reflections by a Traditional Teacher and Her Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

As our society becomes more technologically complex, the educational system preparing our students to become citizens of this society must adapt to met changing demands. Mathematical literacy of the 21st century will require a different model of mathematics education than that which served in the past. This thesis argues for a model of mathematics education which includes as key components:

Diana Metsisto

1990-01-01

446

Co-Creating Metaphor in the Classroom for Deeper Learning: Graduate Student Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Metaphors are pervasive and accessible thinking and learning machines that have the ability to disrupt and transform our patterns of thought. While much has been written about metaphor as a pedagogical tool, the potential learning opportunity that arises when students co-create metaphor within the classroom as a way to make sense and meaning of…

Willox, Ashlee Cunsolo; Harper, Sherilee L.; Bridger, Dawson; Morton, Stephanie; Orbach, Ariella; Sarapura, Silvia

2010-01-01

447

Mentoring Doctoral Students in Music Education: Personal Reflections about Ethical Choices and Conflicts in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mentoring is an instructional model that allows for one-on-one engagements between teacher and student. It is unarguably one of the better ways of individualizing instruction at all levels. Music educators in higher education are accustomed to this model by: (1) their own professional music studies; and (2) what they experienced while writing a…

Froehlich, Hildegard

2012-01-01

448

Reflecting on "Project Katrina" and Developmentally Appropriate Practices: A Graduate Student's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the independent study project of a student who was a graduate assistant in a child development laboratory preschool when Hurricanes Katrina and Rita struck the Gulf Coast area. Through her experiences with "Project Katrina" she deepens her understanding of developmentally appropriate practices as she learns firsthand about…

Schellhaas, Andree; Burts, Diane C.; Aghayan, Carol

2007-01-01

449

Cultural Competence in New Zealand and Canada: Occupational Therapy Students' Reflections on Class and Fieldwork Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with 21 New Zealand and 17 Canadian occupational therapy students identified their struggles with concepts of ethnicity and culture and desire to be culturally competent practitioners. Instructors' perspectives on the cultural content of programs demonstrated the need for creative teaching/learning methods. (Contains 27 references.)…

Forwell, Susan J.; Whiteford, Gail; Dyck, Isabel

2001-01-01

450

An Exploratory Study into the E-Resource Availability of First Year New Zealand Distance Learning Students and their Associated Implications For Distance Paper Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study into the e-resources of distance learning students was intended to assist future distance paper designers by determining constraints imposed by technology availability. A literature review suggested this issue had not been researched before. A convenience sample of roughly 500 students enrolled in a first year extramural paper were surveyed via a questionnaire enclosed with their materials. Although the

Richard W. Buchanan; Adam Bateman

451

Comment to the paper “Light scattering in porous materials: Geometrical optics and stereological approach”-Phase shift between the parallel and perpendicular components in total internal reflection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the recent paper [JQSRT 141 (2014) 14-23] it is stated that the scattering matrix element 34 for the random mixture in the framework of geometrical optics is equal to zero, i.e. no circular polarization can be born from the initial linear polarization in the random mixture, because in the geometrical optics all phase effects are neglected. However, the phase shift between parallel and perpendicular components in total internal reflection leads to the birth of circular polarization. In this work we investigate this phenomenon and show that the effect of the phase shift is really not negligible and matrix element 34 can notably differ from zero.

Malinka, Aleksey V.

2014-11-01

452

Analyzing Student Aid Packaging To Improve Low-Income and Minority Student Access, Retention and Degree Completion. AIR 1999 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the persistence of and financial aid to needy students, underrepresented minority students, and women students, especially those majoring in science, engineering, and mathematics at a large public research university. An institutional student tracking and student financial aid database was used to follow four freshmen cohorts…

Fenske, Robert H.; Porter, John D.; DuBrock, Caryl P.

453

The Effects of Reflective and Reflexive writing prompts on Students' Self-Regulation and Academic Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study investigated the effect writing prompts designed to elicit reflection on short-term, academic goals have on participants’ self-regulated learning strategies and on their academic performance, and it investigated the effect writing prompts designed to elicit reflexive thinking about future-oriented, career goals have on participants’ self-regulated learning strategies and on their academic performance. Academic performance was measured using two skills

Kerry Jean Burner

2007-01-01

454

The pedagogical balancing act: teaching reflection in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the common use of the term reflection in higher education assessment tasks, learners are not often taught how to communicate their disciplinary knowledge through reflection. This paper argues that students can and should be taught how to reflect in deep and transformative ways. It highlights the reflexive pedagogical balancing act of attending to different levels of reflection as a

Mary Ryan

2012-01-01

455

Reflections from University Students in a South African Gay and Lesbian Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

This exploratory study examines the experiences of 20 gay and lesbian students and their involvement in a gay and lesbian Society at Stellenbosch University in South Africa. This study occurred under the theoretical framework of McCarn and Fassinger’s (1996) model of sexual minority identity formation. Participants ranged in age from 20–31 years old and included 17 men and three women.

Kevin J. Graziano

2005-01-01

456

Research and Reflection: Potential Impact on the Professional Development of Undergraduate Occupational Therapy Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In occupational therapy education in South Africa, community service (CS) focuses learning opportunities during fieldwork\\u000a placements. CS therefore enabled the researcher to utilise successive small scale research projects to guide learning of students\\u000a during fieldwork while simultaneously developing the occupational therapy service at a residential care facility. This community\\u000a setting provided a powerful environment through which research, in combination with

Sanet H. J. Du Toit; Annette C. Wilkinson

2010-01-01

457

Self-reflection, Epistemological Beliefs, and Conceptual Gains  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper, presented at the 2001 Physics Education Research Conference, researchers discuss how they studied weekly journals written by students to begin answering three questions related to epistemological beliefs and self-reflection: (1) How articulate are students in describing how they learn? (2) How consistently do students report particular ways of learning? (3) Are there correlations between these patterns (if they exist) and standard measures of conceptual understanding? Students' weekly written journals were analyzed for the quality of reflection on what and how they learn. The authors found that the high-gain students tended to write more than the low-gain students and showed reflection that was more epistemologically sound.

Etkina, Eugenia; May, David B.

2010-05-07

458

Teaching Theological Reflection Well, Reflecting on Writing as a Theological Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to teach theological reflection well, it is necessary to teach students how to write it well. This paper probes the writing of theological reflection as a rhetorical process and a theological practice by (1) situating theological reflection broadly within a "correlation" model, adapted for theological writers; (2) identifying two…

Yaghjian, Lucretia B.

2004-01-01

459

Developing Reflective Practice in LIS Education: The "SEA-Change" Model of Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the "SEA-change" model of reflection. It was developed to support the growing interest in reflective practice within the library domain. The model was developed from experience gained teaching and training reflective writing to students and practitioners within librarianship. The model was tested using data gathered from the…

Sen, Barbara; Ford, Nigel

2009-01-01

460

From Workshop to the Web: Reflections on the Journey in Producing Vidcasts to Enhance Student Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of its evolving e-learning programme, the pedagogic value of vidcasts is currently being explored at Glasgow Caledonian University. The vidcasts are accessible on the internet and embedded links refer back to the Effective Learning Service's website to offer users the option of additional clarification if necessary. They aim to encourage and enhance students' learning in higher education, particularly in relation to academic writing. The vidcasts have been available for use during academic year 2009/2010 and have been accessed by over 1,000 individuals. Research on their use is ongoing and has provided valuable data for future developments.

Shapiro, Angela; Johnston, Aidan

461

Basic Skills for Experiential Learning: What Skills Do Students Need to Make the Most of Experiential Learning Opportunities. LES Papers on Learning and Teaching. Paper #75.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identification of the basic skills and roles in field experience education should answer the question "Can and should educators identify a set of basic skills required for effective performance in experiential learning as part of general education?" New roles required of students in using experiential learning opportunities include initiator,…

Duley, John

462

Reflective Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The summer component of the Stanford Teacher Education Program (STEP) emphasizes reflective teaching in a six-week clinical experience. The merger of STEP with the Upward Bound Program provides student teachers with daily opportunities to apply and reflect upon the pedagogical theory developed in their coursework. (MT)

Bliss, Traci; Bloom, Brian

1985-01-01

463

Paper Chromatography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a site with experiments that provide a brief introduction to the idea of separation of components in a mixture and a set of instructions for students for separating colored compounds by paper chromatography (on coffee filters). The appropriate audience would be students in a high-school or introductory, non major college chemistry class.

Reeves, James H.

2011-05-19

464

A New Program in pain medicine for medical students: Integrating core curriculum knowledge with emotional and reflective development  

PubMed Central

Objective Improvements in clinical pain care have not matched advances in scientific knowledge, and innovations in medical education are needed. Several streams of evidence indicate that pain education needs to address both the affective and cognitive dimensions of pain. Our aim was to design and deliver a new course in pain establishing foundation-level knowledge while comprehensively addressing the emotional development needs in this area. Setting 118 first year medical students at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. Outcome measures Performance was measured by multiple choice tests of pain knowledge, attendance, reflective pain portfolios and satisfaction measures. Results Domains of competence in pain knowledge included central and peripheral pain signaling, pharmacological management of pain with standard analgesic medications, neuromodulating agents and opioids; cancer pain, musculoskeletal pain, nociceptive, inflammatory, neuropathic, geriatric, and pediatric pain. Socio-emotional development (portfolio) work focused on increasing awareness of pain affect in self and others and enhancing the commitment to excellence in pain care. Reflections included observations on a brief pain experience (cold pressor test), the multi-dimensionality of pain, the role of empathy and compassion in medical care, the positive characteristics of pain-care role models, the complex feelings engendered by pain and addiction including frustration and disappointment, and aspirations and commitments in clinical medicine. The students completing feedback expressed high levels of interest in pain medicine as a result of the course. Discussion We conclude that a four-day pain course incorporating sessions with pain- specialists, pain medicine knowledge, and design-built elements to strengthen emotional skills is an effective educational approach.

Murinson, Beth B.; Nenortas, Elizabeth; Mayer, R. Sam; Mezei, Lina; Kozachik, Sharon; Nesbit, Suzanne; Haythornthwaite, Jennifer A.; Campbell, James N.

2010-01-01

465

Primarily Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes in detail an art assignment influenced by the book, "Collage Techniques: A Guide for Artists and Illustrators" (Gerald Broomer). Explains that students created mini-collages out of various types of paper, but focused on only three colors. (CMK)

Guhin, Paula

2002-01-01

466

Estimating the Effect of Student Aid on College Enrollment: Evidence from a Government Grant Policy Reform. NBER Working Paper No. 14535  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we investigate the responsiveness of the demand for college to changes in student aid arising from a Danish reform. We separately identify the effect of aid from that of other observed and unobserved variables such as parental income. We exploit the combination of a kinked aid scheme and a reform of the student aid scheme to…

Nielsen, Helena Skyt; Sorensen, Torben; Taber, Christopher R.

2008-01-01

467

The Shapeless River: Does a Lack of Structure Inhibit Students' Progress at Community Colleges? CCRC Working Paper No. 25. Assessment of Evidence Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many students at community colleges, finding a path to degree completion is the equivalent of navigating a shapeless river on a dark night. While academic preparation and financial supports are critical components of student success, subtle institutional features may also play an important role. This paper thus reviews the evidence for what is…

Scott-Clayton, Judith

2011-01-01

468

Working Paper Series: 2004/06 Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study (BPS:04/06) Field Test Methodology Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 2004/06 Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study (BPS:04/06), conducted for the U.S. Department of Educations National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), collected information about the education and employment experiences of students ...

J. Wine M. Cominole S. Wheeless A. Bryant T. Gilligan K. Dudley J. Franklin T. Hunt-White

2006-01-01

469

A Learner-Centered Technique and Clinical Reasoning, Reflection, and Case Presentation Attributes in Athletic Training Students  

PubMed Central

Context: Providing opportunities to develop clinical decision-making skills, including clinical reasoning, is an important aspect of clinical education. The learner-centered technique of summarizing the history and findings, narrowing the differential, analyzing the differential, probing the instructor about uncertainties, plan management, and selecting an issue for self-directed study (SNAPPS) is used in medicine to express clinical reasoning. Objective: To investigate the effects of SNAPPS on the clinical reasoning, reflection, and 4 case presentation attributes (length, conciseness, case summary, and expression of clinical reasoning) in athletic training students. Design: Randomized controlled clinical trial. Setting: Three undergraduate programs accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education. Patients or Other Participants: We randomly assigned 38 athletic training students (17 men, 21 women; age = 21.53 ± 1.18 years, grade point average = 3.25 ± 0.31) who had completed at least 1 year of clinical education and all orthopaedic evaluation coursework to the SNAPPS group or the usual and customary group using a stratification scheme. Intervention(s): The SNAPPS group completed four 45-minute clinical reasoning and case presentation learning modules led by an investigator to learn the SNAPPS technique, whereas the usual and customary group received no formal instruction. Both groups audio recorded all injury evaluations performed over a 2-week period. Main Outcome Measures: Participants completed the Diagnostic Thinking Inventory and Reflection in Learning Scale twice. Case presentations were analyzed for 4 attributes: length, conciseness, case summary, and expression of clinical reasoning. Results: Case presentations were longer (t18.806 = ?5.862, P < .001) but were more concise (t32 = 11.297, P < .001) for the SNAPPS group than for the usual and customary group. The SNAPPS group performed better on both the case summary subscale (t32 = 2.857, P = .007) and the clinical reasoning subscale (t25.773 = ?14.162, P < .001) than the other group. We found a time effect for Diagnostic Thinking Inventory scores (F1,34 = 6.230, P = .02) but observed no group effects (F1,34 = 0.698, P = .41) or time-by-group interaction (F1,34 = 1.050, P = .31). The Reflection in Learning Scale scores analysis revealed no group-by-time interaction (F1,34 = 1.470, P = .23) and no group (F1,34 = 3.751, P = .06) or time (F1,34 = 0.835, P = .37) effects. Conclusions: The SNAPPS is an effective and feasible clinical education technique for case presentations. This learner-centered technique provides the opportunity for the expression of clinical reasoning skills.

Heinerichs, Scott; Vela, Luzita I.; Drouin, Joshua M.

2013-01-01

470

A Decade of Development: The Best of Ten Years. An Anniversary Publication of Selected Papers. Adult Student Personnel Association, Inc.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Best of Ten Years," a publication of the Tenth Annual Conference for the Adult Student Personnel Association, Inc. (ASPA), contains prophesies for the future in addition to a chronicle of concerns of the decade. Articles included are: Financial Aid for Evening Students (Sol Jacobson); The Programming and Counseling of Adult Transfer Students

Clifford, Earle W., Ed.; And Others

471

Addressing the Needs of Under-Prepared Students in Higher Education: Does College Remediation Work? NBER Working Paper No. 11325  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year, thousands of students graduate high school academically unprepared for college. As a result, approximately one-third of entering postsecondary students require remedial or developmental work before entering college-level courses. However, little is known about the causal impact of remediation on student outcomes. At an annual cost of…

Bettinger, Eric P.; Long, Bridget Terry

2005-01-01

472

Financing EU Student Mobility: A Proposed Credit Union Scheme for Europe. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.17.10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Governments worldwide face the challenge of financing a growing student population with limited resources, especially in the current context of difficult economic recovery. Student loan schemes, because they appear as cost-efficient and are defendable on the lines of social equity (students invest in their future), are increasingly politically…

Hoareau, Cecile

2010-01-01

473

"Is that Paper Really Due Today? ": Differences in First-Generation and Traditional College Students' Understandings of Faculty Expectations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Success in college is not simply a matter of students demonstrating academic ability. In addition, students must master the "college student" role in order to understand instructors' expectations and apply their academic skills effectively to those expectations. This article uses data from focus groups to examine the fit between university faculty…

Collier, Peter J.; Morgan, David L.

2008-01-01

474

Women Students with Dependent Children on Welfare: Educational Impact of Welfare Policy and Practice. ASHE 1988 Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey conducted at University of Wisconsin System institutions was designed to help decision makers determine how many women students were on welfare and to find out the interaction between welfare and student financial aid in relation to expenses incurred in higher education. Women students vary in financial, marital, and parental status, and…

Nash, Nancy S.; And Others

475

Paper Casting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an art project, based on the work of artist Chew Teng Beng, in the molding of wet paper on a plaster cast to create embossed paper designs. The values of such a project are outlined, including a note that its tactile approach makes it suitable to visually handicapped students. (SJL)

Arrasjid, Dorine A.

1980-01-01

476

SASS Documentation: 1993-94 SASS Student Sampling Problems; Solutions for Determining the Numerators for the SASS Private School (3B) Second-Stage Factors. Working Paper Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains two papers related to the 1993-94 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS). The first paper documents some of the problems that were encountered during student sample selection and the methods used to resolve those problems. It also provides some suggestions to alleviate some of the problems in future SASS studies. Significant…

Cole, Cornette; Schwanz, Dennis J.

477

A Collection of Papers on Self-Study and Institutional Improvement, 2003. Volume 3: Promoting Student Learning and Effective Teaching. 2003 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers in this collection were prepared for the annual meeting of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools. This volume contains papers related to promoting student learning and effective teaching. Chapter 1, "Developing and Sustaining a Culture of Assessment," contains: (1) "Developing the Scholarship of Assessment" (Thomas Anthony…

Van Kollenburg, Susan E., Ed.

478

Cultural encounters in reflective dialogue about nursing care: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Title. Cultural encounters in reflective dialogue about nursing care: a qualitative study. Aim. This paper is a report of a study to explore how students developed reflective nursing practice through cultural encounters between students from Tanzania and Norway. Background. Nursing students need to develop cultural care competence to care for patients in a globalized world. One way to achieve this

Malvin Torsvik; Marianne Hedlund

2008-01-01

479

Reflective Writing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Your students successfully completed a lab session, correctly filled in all of the worksheets,and collected the required data. Yet, as a science teacher, you still find yourself wondering--what did my students actually learn? And, can they apply that learning to what is going on in their everyday lives? The process of critical thinking and knowledge application requires more than rote memorization and the ability to get answers correct on lab reports or multiple-choice tests. Purposeful, guided reflection may be an opportunity to gain insight into what students are thinking and learning in relation to science content. This article describes how to use guided reflective writing in the science classroom to provide a window into students' minds.

Mcdonald, James; Dominquez, Lynn

2009-03-01

480

Charter Schools in New York City: Who Enrolls and How They Affect Their Students' Achievement. NBER Working Paper No. 14852  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We analyze all but a few of the 47 charter schools operating in New York City in 2005-06. The schools tend locate in disadvantaged neighborhoods and serve students who are substantially poorer than the average public school student in New York City. The schools also attract black applicants to an unusual degree, not only relative to New York City…

Hoxby, Caroline M.; Murarka, Sonali

2009-01-01

481

Testing Accommodations for University Students with AD/HD: Computerized vs. Paper-Pencil/Regular vs. Extended Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prompted by a previous study investigating the effects of pacing on the academic testing performance of college students with AD/HD, we further explored our preliminary findings, which suggested that a computerized testing environment enhanced the testing performance of college students with AD/HD. We compared the effects of a computerized vs.…

Lee, Kathryn S.; Osborne, Randall E.; Carpenter, David N.

2010-01-01

482

Race Identity and Race Relations in Higher Education: Fraternity and Sorority Membership among Students of Color. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the racial dynamics of the undergraduate social system of fraternities and sororities. The study sought to determine: (1) how white student participation in social fraternities and sororities was influenced by racial dynamics, (2) under what conditions students of color were accepted by the dominant peer group, (3) what types…

Chang, Mitchell J.

483

Those Standardized Competency Examinations: What Do They Really Tell Us about Our Student Bodies? ASHE 1986 Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholastic and personal characteristics of students undertaking exit competency examinations are investigated. Research questions concerned: what the tests measure, whether the tests provide unique information or are duplicating other easily obtained measures, whether it is possible to increase the probability of student success by controlling…

Tompkins, Loren D.; Mehring, Teresa

484

High School Students' Use of Paper-Based and Internet-Based Information Sources in the Engineering Design Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mentzer and Becker (2011) and Becker and Mentzer (2012) demonstrated that high school students engaged in engineering design problems spent more time accessing information and spent more time designing when provided with Internet access. They studied high school students engaged in an engineering design challenge. The two studies attempted to…

Pieper, Jon; Mentzer, Nathan

2013-01-01

485

Studying in the German University: A Guide for U.S. Advisors and Students. Working Paper #15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed for student advisors in the United States who are counseling students preparing for a period of study in a fully integrated higher education program in the Federal Republic of Germany. Topics covered include: (1) an overview of the higher educational system in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG); (2) organization of FRG…

Markert, Axel

486

Aversive Racism on Campus: Explaining Mechanisms of Isolation for Students and Staff of Color on Campus. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The campus experiences of 24 students of color at a large, predominantly white midwestern university were investigated using four focus groups and grounded theory methods of analysis. Participants were asked about their experiences in four area environments: classrooms, residence halls, student services and programs, and the city where the…

Crim, Elton J., Jr.

487

Adaptability to Online Learning: Differences across Types of Students and Academic Subject Areas. CCRC Working Paper No. 54  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a dataset containing nearly 500,000 courses taken by over 40,000 community and technical college students in Washington State, this study examines how well students adapt to the online environment in terms of their ability to persist and earn strong grades in online courses relative to their ability to do so in face-to-face courses. While…

Xu, Di; Jaggars, Shanna Smith

2013-01-01

488

"I Came in Unsure of Everything": Community College Students' Shifts in Confidence. CCRC Working Paper No. 48  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To improve low rates of credential attainment in community colleges, individual schools as well as a number of national organizations have developed a range of initiatives focused on increasing rates of college completion and student success. Although the importance of non-academic factors in college completion and student success has been well…

Bickerstaff, Susan; Barragan, Melissa; Rucks-Ahidiana, Zawadi

2012-01-01

489

Crisis or Turning Point? The Frustrations and Transformations of the Mid-Life Education Doctoral Student. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using grounded theory, this study examined the experiences and perceptions of education doctoral students, aged 40 to 57, as they communicated them. Twenty-one mid-life students in 9 universities throughout the United States and 1 in Canada comprised the sample. Consistent with systems theory, the holistic research used in both questionnaires and…

Riddle, January

490

Female Role Models: The Effect of Gender Composition of Faculty on Student Retention. AIR 1996 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether female college freshmen have higher first-year retention rates when a greater percentage of their classes are taught by female faculty, especially students in science, math, and computer science (SMC) courses. Data from the admissions, course, and student files at Binghamton University (New York) were analyzed over a…

Robst, John; And Others

491

A Comparison of the Persistence of African American and White Students Using NPSAS:96. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines within-year persistence of undergraduate white and African American college students, focusing on how this information can be used to inform initiatives on retention. Data was collected from the National Postsecondary Student Aid Study of 1996; the sample included 1,482 African American and 11,292 white four-year undergraduate…

Somers, Patricia; Cofer, James; Hall, Margaret Martin; Vander Putten, Jim

492

When the Saints Come Marching In. Effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on Student Evacuees. NBER Working Paper No. 14385  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I examine academic performance and college going for public school students affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Students who are forced to switch schools due to the hurricanes experience sharp declines in test scores in the first year following the hurricane. However, by the second and third years after the disaster, Katrina evacuees…

Sacerdote, Bruce

2008-01-01

493

Perceptions of Classroom Climate by Students in Non-Traditional Majors for Their Gender. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the possibility that not only women but also men, face a chilly classroom climate when they are students in a major that is considered nontraditional for their gender. Male and female junior and senior students (total n=426) majoring in accounting, education, engineering, or nursing at one university responded to the College…

Serex, Catherine P.

494

Ability-Grouping and Academic Inequality: Evidence from Rule-Based Student Assignments. NBER Working Paper No. 14911  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Trinidad and Tobago students are assigned to secondary schools after fifth grade based on achievement tests, leading to large differences in the school environments to which students of differing initial levels of achievement are exposed. Using both a regression discontinuity design and rule-based instrumental variables to address…

Jackson, C. Kirabo

2009-01-01

495

Single-Sex Schools, Student Achievement, and Course Selection: Evidence from Rule-Based Student Assignments in Trinidad and Tobago. NBER Working Paper No. 16817  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Existing studies on single-sex schooling suffer from biases due to student selection to schools and single-sex schools being better in unmeasured ways. In Trinidad and Tobago students are assigned to secondary schools based on an algorithm allowing one to address self-selection bias and cleanly estimate an upper-bound single-sex school effect. The…

Jackson, C. Kirabo

2011-01-01

496

Experiencing ERASMUS: Reflections on Integrating Polish Psychology Students onto a Year of a Degree in the UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The European Community Action Scheme for the Mobility of University Students (ERASMUS) supports students to pursue temporary periods of study in other European universities. During the academic year 2007/08 the UK received 15, 975 ERASMUS students. Although much research exists about the experiences of international students less attention has…

Mercer, Jenny

2011-01-01

497

A Gendered Dichotomy in Written Reflections in Professional Development Portfolios.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study that analyzed 91 written reflections in the professional-development portfolios of 13 doctoral students in educational leadership. The purpose of the research was to determine dichotomous expressions of thoughts between eight males (56 reflections) and five females (35 reflections). The study took place in a regional…

Irby, Beverly J.; Brown, Genevieve

498

The Pedagogical Balancing Act: Teaching Reflection in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the common use of the term reflection in higher education assessment tasks, learners are not often taught "how" to communicate their disciplinary knowledge through reflection. This paper argues that students can and should be taught how to reflect in deep and transformative ways. It highlights the reflexive pedagogical balancing…

Ryan, Mary

2013-01-01

499

A framework for assessing learning assistants' reflective writing assignments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At Florida International University we have implemented a learning assistant (LA) program based on the Colorado Learning Assistant Model. [1] As a part of this program, students take a course on science and mathematics education theory and practice in which they are required to submit written reflections. Past anecdotal evidence suggests that students in the LAP at Florida International University are using these writing assignments to reflect on their teaching experiences. The purpose of this study was to a) determine if the writing assignments submitted give evidence that our students are engaging in reflection and b) determine if our students are engaging in deep levels of reflection. In this investigation, we relied on a rubric based on Hatton and Smith's (1995) [2] "Criteria for the Recognition of Evidence for Different Types of Reflective Writing." In this paper, we document a) a system for characterizing student reflections and b) how we give them feedback.

Cochran, Geraldine L.; Brookes, David T.; Kramer, Laird H.

2013-01-01

500

In Their Own Voices: Reflections of Native and Nonnative English Speaking TESOL Graduate Students on On-Line Pragmatic Instruction to EFL Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper I discuss a study that involved incorporating instructional pragmatics into an ESL Methodology course. Graduate students who were taking an ESL Methodology course were required to read the literature on interlanguage and instructional pragmatics and teach requestive speech act strategies to Taiwanese EFL students through…

Eslami, Zohreh R.

2011-01-01