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1

Student Reflection Paper: Enhancing the Humanities in Schools Like Ours  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue's humanities reflection presents a student's argument for attention to the humanities in a math, science, and technology program. Everett Brokaw, a senior at the Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy, recognizes that his specialized school experience has been enriched by personal journeys through literature and through encounters…

Brokaw, Everett

2007-01-01

2

Use of Student Feedback on Reflection Papers to Assess Critical Thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Religious Studies presents a special challenge to the teaching of critical thinking. Reflection papers that asked students in World Religion classes to summarize, analyze, interpret, evaluate and apply to life the beliefs and practices of various religions, helped them to hone their critical thinking skills. Five separate classes of World Religions over a two-year period were asked to list the

Marianne Ferguson

2008-01-01

3

Education Students' Use of Collaborative Writing Tools in Collectively Reflective Essay Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Google Docs and EtherPad are Web 2.0 tools providing opportunity for multiple users to work online on the same document consecutively or simultaneously. Over the last few years a number of research papers on the use of these collaborative tools in a teaching and learning environment have been published. This work builds on that of Brodahl,…

Brodahl, Cornelia; Hansen, Nils Kristian

2014-01-01

4

Outstanding Student Paper Awards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following members received Outstanding Student Paper Awards at the 2013 AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco, Calif. Winners have individual pages on AGU's website at http://membership.agu.org/ospa-winners/. See also "Outstanding Student Paper Awards" published previously (Eos, 95(3), 30; Eos, 95(4), 37;Eos, 95(5), 51; and Eos, 95(6), 57).

2014-02-01

5

Outstanding Student Paper Awards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following members received Outstanding Student Paper Awards at the 2013 AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco, Calif. Winners have individual pages on AGU's website at http://membership.agu.org/ospa-winners/. See also "Outstanding Student Paper Awards" published previously (Eos, 95(3), 30, and Eos, 95(4), 37). Look to future issues of Eos for more award winners.

2014-02-01

6

Outstanding Student Paper Awards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following members received Outstanding Student Paper Awards at the 2013 AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco, Calif. Winners have individual pages on AGU's website at http://membership.agu.org/ospa-winners/. See also "Outstanding Student Paper Awards" published previously (Eos, 95(3), 30; Eos, 95(4), 37; and Eos, 95(5), 51). Look to future issues of Eos for more award winners.

2014-02-01

7

Structures for Facilitating Student Reflection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this article is to describe a continuum of levels of reflection. It briefly focuses on Deanna Kuhn's research into the development of scientific thinking and Robert Kegan's Object-Subject Theory of Development applied to the problems of inspiring students to be able to reflect. Assignments for improving students' ability to reflect are presented. Examples of student reflections are

Robert W. Grossman

2009-01-01

8

Outstanding student paper award  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Geomagnetism & Paleomagnetism Section presented an outstanding student paper award to Stefanie Brachfeld at the 1999 AGU Spring Meeting in Boston, Massachusetts, last June. Stefanie presented a paper titled “Secondary Normalization for Removing Magnetic Grain Size Bias from Relative Paleointensity Data: New Data from the North American Holocene.”

9

Jennifer Lam's Research Reflection Paper  

E-print Network

and dirty rundown of the entire paper. The introduction, well, introduces the paper not to think about how your lack of textbook- reading stamina. Despair at how-fry yourself trying to understand this foreign language. Briefly consider asking

Adams, Mark

10

Outstanding student papers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Four presentations in the Atmospheric Sciences Section were named “Outstanding Student Papers” at AGU's 1992 Fall Meeting in San Francisco.Nicola McArdle was cited for “The Use of Stable Sulphur Isotopes to Distinguish Between Natural and Anthropogenic Sulphur in the Atmosphere.” McArdle received a B.S. in geology from the University of Edinburgh and is currently a doctoral student at the School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, U.K. In the future she hopes to apply the method developed during her doctoral study and examine more closely the isotopic fractionations involved during the formation, release to the atmosphere, and oxidation of dimethylsulphide (DMS).

11

Reflecting on reflection: increasing health and social care students’ engagement and enthusiasm for reflection  

Microsoft Academic Search

As continuing professional development is now mandatory in the UK for health and social care professionals, teaching reflection skills is commonplace in many higher education institutions. However, getting health and social care students to engage with activities developing their reflection skills has been problematic at one Scottish university. This paper describes action research carried out to improve first-year university students

Jennie Stewart

2012-01-01

12

Reviewing Student Papers Electronically  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to consistently give quality feedback to students, the author introduces the revision and automation tools in Microsoft Word 2007. These features, Comments, Tracking, and Changes, are part of the Review group in MS Word 2007. Additionally, the AutoCorrect feature can be used to enhance and support editing endeavors. This article offers a…

Dunford, Spencer

2011-01-01

13

Analysing Student Reflection in The Learning Game  

Microsoft Academic Search

Supporting student reflection is one of the goals of inspectable student models (ISMs). Several researchers have studied student reflection using a variety of strategies to support interaction with the student model. We explore student reflection using a general educational computer game environment called The Learning Game. The Learning Game provides tools to interact with the student model, mechanisms to integrate

Juan-Diego ZAPATA-RIVERA; Jim E. GREER

14

Helping Students Reflect: Lessons from Cognitive Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The challenges of teaching students to reflect on experience and, thus, learn from it, are better understood with the application of constructs from cognitive psychology. The present paper focuses on two such constructs--self-schemas and scripts--to help educators better understand both the threats and opportunities associated with effective…

Poole, Gary; Jones, Lydia; Whitfield, Michael

2013-01-01

15

Transforming the Teaching of Science Graduate Students Through Reflection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper presents an assessment of a biology education seminar for science graduate students. It describes how this seminar emphasized pedagogy and reflective assignments to help students identify and explore novel instructional strategies, discover who they are as teachers, focus on student learning, and acknowledge the challenges of effective teaching. Overall, the course facilitated reflection about personal teaching style and acceptance of new teaching ideas via assignments that encouraged written and verbal reflection by students.

Shahi, Dhan; Schussler, Elisabeth; Monroe, Emy; Gerald, Gary W.; Torres, Lisette E.; Osman, Muna A.

2008-09-01

16

Streaming Video to Enhance Students' Reflection in Dance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an evaluation case study that describes the experiences of 15 students and 2 teachers using a video-based learning environment, DiViDU, to facilitate students' daily reflection activities in a composition course and a ballet course. To support dance students' reflection processes streaming video was applied as follows: video…

Leijen, Ali; Lam, Ineke; Wildschut, Liesbeth; Simons, P. Robert-Jan; Admiraal, Wilfried

2009-01-01

17

Do All Students "Get It?": Comparing Students' Reflections to Course Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzed student reflection papers from a service learning course and uncovered the benefits reported by student participants; also found similarities in responses despite students' higher or lower performances in the course. (EV)

Litke, Rebecca A.

2002-01-01

18

Streaming video to enhance students' reflection in dance education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an evaluation case study that describes the experiences of 15 students and 2 teachers using a video-based learning environment, DiViDU, to facilitate students' daily reflection activities in a composition course and a ballet course. To support dance students' reflection processes streaming video was applied as follows: video editing and viewing for facilitating students in describing their practice;

Äli Leijen; Ineke Lam; Liesbeth Wildschut; P. Robert-jan Simons; Wilfried Admiraal

2009-01-01

19

Transforming the Teaching of Science Graduate Students through Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an assessment of a biology education seminar for science graduate students. It describes how this seminar emphasized pedagogy "and" reflective assignments to help students identify and explore novel instructional strategies, discover who they are as teachers, focus on student learning, and acknowledge the challenges of…

Schussler, Elisabeth; Torres, Lisette E.; Rybczynski, Stephen; Gerald, Gary W.; Monroe, Emy; Sarkar, Purbasha; Shahi, Dhan; Osman, Muna A.

2008-01-01

20

The effects of experiential learning with an emphasis on reflective writing on deep-level processing of agricultural leadership students  

E-print Network

were asked to keep a reflective journal. Upon completion of the course, the students were asked to prepare a reflective paper, which served as a comprehensive reflection of the course. Three themes emerged from the students? reflective journals...

Moore, Copie D.

2010-01-16

21

Reflections of ESL and EFL Students Through Email  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares the reflections on language learning, learning strategies, and motivational level of two groups of students. The first group had first year Singaporean undergraduates from the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, and the second had Chinese postgraduates from the Faculties of Science and Engineering. In keeping with modern technology. these students emailed the lecturers their reactions to

Happy Gob; Tan Kim Luan

22

Motivating engineering students to write technical papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional techniques and procedures used to teach engineering students to write technical papers has not been successful in either motivating students to write or to get them to write effectively. The traditional methods are not showing the students the type of writing they will do as practising engineers. If technical writing is presented to engineering students during their junior year

R. Cockrum; D. Clark; Z. Mylona

1999-01-01

23

Nine Students Reflect on Their Worldwide  

E-print Network

preconceived notions of post-traumatic stress disorder gave way to its human side: the one she once saw on herNine Students Reflect on Their Worldwide Internships/2008 The International Center for Ethics Reflect on Their Worldwide Internships/2008 The International Center for Ethics, Justice, and Public Life

Fraden, Seth

24

Meta-cognitive student reflections  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have recently concluded a project testing the effectiveness of a weekly assignment designed to encourage awareness and improvement of meta-cognitive skills. The project is based on the idea that successful problem solvers implement a meta-cognitive process in which they identify the specific concept they are struggling with, and then identify what they understand, what they don't understand, and what they need to know in order to resolve their problem. The assignment required the students to write an email assessing the level of completion of a weekly workbook assignment and to examine in detail their experiences regarding a specific topic they struggled with. The assignment guidelines were designed to coach them through this meta-cognitive process. We responded to most emails with advice for next week's assignment. Our data follow 12 students through a quarter consisting of 11 email assignments which were scored using a rubric based on the assignment guidelines. We found no correlation between rubric scores and final grades. We do have anecdotal evidence that the assignment was beneficial.

Barquist, Britt; Stewart, Jim

2009-05-01

25

Background Papers on Student Drug Involvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Student Association (NSA) presents its position on student drug involvement in part 1 of this collection. A resolution calling for re-investigation of existing marijuana laws and guaranteed rights to the privacy of students was passed by NSA in August, 1966. This resolution is discussed. In part 2, papers presented at the National…

Hollander, Charles, Ed.

26

Reflecting on the use of student portfolios  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of portfolios in nursing has increased during recent years. We reflect upon the design and implementation of a portfolio for pre-registration nursing students in the School of Care Sciences1at the University of Glamorgan. The portfolio was introduced as the result of the need to address the theory–practice divide and to provide nurse students with the skills to maintain

Sue Harris; Gina Dolan; Gavin Fairbairn

2001-01-01

27

Medical Students’ Mindset for Reflective Learning: A Revalidation Study of the Reflection-In-Learning Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of this paper are to examine the measurement properties of the Reflection-in-Learning Scale (RLS) and to identify\\u000a whether there are relationships between RLS scores early in the medical program and outcomes of the students’ academic activity\\u000a later on. The 14-item RLS was administered to second-year students (N=275) at start and at end of the third semester, after\\u000a the

Dejano T. Sobral

2005-01-01

28

The student activity meter for awareness and self-reflection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Visualization of user actions can be used in Technology Enhanced Learning to increase awareness for learners and teachers and to support self-reflection. In this paper, we present our Student Activity Meter that visualizes learner actions. We present four design iterations and results of both quantitative and qualitative evaluation studies in real-world settings that assess the usability, use and usefulness of

Sten Govaerts; Katrien Verbert; Erik Duval; Abelardo Pardo

2012-01-01

29

Fostering an Action-Reflection Dynamic amongst Student Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper seeks to explore changes taking place in a curriculum design for postgraduate teaching in personnel and development, aimed at enhancing lifelong learning. A scheme is described which aims to improve the alignment for professional development of students, in ways that facilitate critically reflective practice.…

Francis, Helen; Cowan, John

2008-01-01

30

Reflective Practice and Self-Evaluation in Learning Positive Guidance: Experiences of Early Childhood Practicum Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the role of self-reflection and self-evaluation in early childhood practicum students' development of positive guidance skills with children. We examine how helpful students find self-reflection and self-evaluation exercises and how their thoroughness of reflection relates to their progress in acquiring positive guidance…

McFarland, Laura; Saunders, Rachel; Allen, Sydnye

2009-01-01

31

Honesty in Critically Reflective Essays: An Analysis of Student Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In health professional education, reflective practice is seen as a potential means for self-improvement from everyday clinical encounters. This study aims to examine the level of student honesty in critical reflection, and barriers and facilitators for students engaging in honest reflection. Third year physiotherapy students, completing summative…

Maloney, Stephen; Tai, Joanna Hong-Meng; Lo, Kristin; Molloy, Elizabeth; Ilic, Dragan

2013-01-01

32

Honesty in critically reflective essays: an analysis of student practice.  

PubMed

In health professional education, reflective practice is seen as a potential means for self-improvement from everyday clinical encounters. This study aims to examine the level of student honesty in critical reflection, and barriers and facilitators for students engaging in honest reflection. Third year physiotherapy students, completing summative reflective essays on clinical encounters using the modified Gibbs cycle, were invited to participate in an anonymous online survey. Student knowledge and beliefs about reflective practice, and disclosure of the truthfulness of their reflections, were assessed using a mixed method approach. A total of 34 students, from a maximum possible of 48 (71 %), participated in the study activities. A total of 68 % stated that they were at least 80 % truthful about their experiences. There was general student consensus that reflective practice was important for their growth as a clinician. Students questioned the belief that the reflection needed to be based on a factual experience. Reflective practice can be a valuable addition to the clinical education of health care professionals, although this value can be diminished through dishonest reflections if it is not carefully implemented. Student influences on honest reflection include; (1) the design of any assessment criteria, and (2) student knowledge and competency in applying critical reflection. PMID:22926807

Maloney, Stephen; Tai, Joanna Hong-Meng; Lo, Kristin; Molloy, Elizabeth; Ilic, Dragan

2013-10-01

33

Assessing the Quality of Reflection in Student Journals: A Review of the Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we review 11 research articles that examine the level of reflection found in student journals in higher education across a range of disciplines. Our review reveals little to no consistency in the research community around the mechanisms and process of assessing levels of reflection in student journals. Our analysis also reveals that…

Dyment, Janet E.; O'Connell, Timothy S.

2011-01-01

34

What Medical Students Say about Psychiatry: Results of a Reflection Exercise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The author describes the results of a reflection exercise for psychiatry clerkship students. Method: The author performed a qualitative analysis on 100 "reflection" papers written by medical students in their psychiatry clerkship and identified the most prominent thematic content. Results: The most common thematic content involved…

Brenner, Adam M.

2011-01-01

35

The Ryuichi Kitamura Paper Award For the best paper authored by a student mentor combination  

E-print Network

date. For example, papers for the 2010 Annual Meeting are due August 1, 2009. If the primary studentThe Ryuichi Kitamura Paper Award For the best paper authored by a student ­ mentor combination the success of his students. Ryuichi Kitamura co-authored many papers with his students and made

California at Davis, University of

36

Weekly Reports: Student Reflections on Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Weekly reports, a structured journal form of formative assessment, allow instructors to receive information from the students, to address students' difficulties in a timely manner, and to alter their instruction based on the students' needs. In addition,

Etkina, Eugenia; Harper, Kathleen A.

2002-05-01

37

Action Research and Reflective Student Teaching at UW--Madison: Issues and Examples.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines some of the issues that emerged from guiding student teachers through the experience of conducting action research. Action research was used a a way of working toward a student teaching experience that would provide opportunities and structures to facilitate and enhance the students' development as reflective teachers. Several…

Noffke, Susan E.; Brennan, Marie

38

Engaging Young Students in Scientific Investigations: Prompting for Meaningful Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the verbal prompts a tutor used to promote reflection and young students' responses to these prompts. Seven children (ages 8-12) participated in 260 min of one-on-one tutoring to learn scientific concepts related to gear movement; the tutor spontaneously provided these students with 763 prompts for reflection. Prompts reliably…

Wilson, Travis; Perry, Michelle; Anderson, Carolyn J.; Grosshandler, Dean

2012-01-01

39

How to Determine the Quality of Students' Reflections?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses some of the ambiguities related to the concept of reflection in education, and presents an alternative approach for determining the focus and quality of students' reflection. Accordingly, the focus of reflection can vary from a concrete technical aspect of an experience to the broader societal context of that experience, and…

Leijen, Ali; Valtna, Kai; Leijen, Djuddah A. J.; Pedaste, Margus

2012-01-01

40

Positive Experiences as Input for Reflection by Student Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many teacher training courses, reflection upon practice plays a very important role in learning to teach. A number of strategies have been developed to help student teachers learn to reflect. Current reflection strategies often focus on problematic instead of on positive experiences. Ideas from positive psychology and solution-based therapy…

Janssen, Fred; de Hullu, Els; Tigelaar, Dineke

2008-01-01

41

Their Perspectives: Esl Students' Reflections On Collaborative Community Service Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our business communication classes will continue to be enriched by students from various cultural backgrounds, many of them ESL learners. Among the numerous benefits of this diversity are oppor tunities for all students to develop essential life skills through course-embedded community ser vice learning (CSL) projects. This study analyzes students' guided reflections in response to qualitative probes regarding CSL projects

Joanne M. Crossman; Stacey L. Kite

2007-01-01

42

Social Security Benefits for Students. Background Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the fiscal year 1976, outlays for social security student benefits made it the second largest federal program for direct aid to students (second to the Veterans' Readjustment Benefits). Benefits paid on account of a dependent child normally end on a child's eighteenth birthday; but 1965 legislation extended coverage to 18-to-21-year-old…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Congressional Budget Office.

43

Reflections on Graduate Student PBL Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study designed to contribute to existing research on Problem-Based Learning (PBL) chose a focus group comprising 16 MSc. Petroleum Engineering students (six females). Using PBL as the method of instruction, students examined a real-life petroleum engineering problem that highlighted numerous areas of their existing curriculum. They worked in…

McDonald, Betty

2008-01-01

44

Rural Reflections. Occasional Paper No. 2. Fall 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains six papers describing program-based research from rural literacy program in Ontario, Canada. Some of the reports describe action research from pilot projects. The papers raise questions about responding to the special challenges of rural needs, such as whether there is an additional expense to providing service of equal…

Literacy Field Research Group, Dundas (Ontario).

45

Learning in Facebook: First Year Tertiary Student Reflections from 2008 to 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reflects on the use of Facebook as an online learning environment for first year design students from 2008 to 2011. Between 2008 and 2010 three student cohorts from the University of Adelaide engaged with their peers through forums hosted by Facebook, submitting work-in-progress imagery and critiquing peers' submissions. In 2011…

McCarthy, Josh

2013-01-01

46

Bridging the Distance: The Use of Blogs as Reflective Learning Tools for Placement Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the effectiveness of web logs ("blogs"), or online journals, within the context of a compulsory final-year placement unit for public relations students. The key goal behind the use of Web2.0 technology was to encourage ongoing, reflective practice via an exchange between students thereby limiting feelings of isolation commonly…

Wolf, Katharina

2010-01-01

47

Developing a Reflective Thinking Tendency Scale for Teachers and Student Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to develop the Reflective Thinking Tendency Scale (RTTS) for teachers and student teachers. Survey was the research method used in the study. In this research, there were 599 cases and 456 of these cases were the students of the departments of the Turkish language teaching and primary school teaching within grades of 2nd, 3rd and…

Semerci, Cetin

2007-01-01

48

Student learning preferences reflect curricular change.  

PubMed

This study measured the learning preference profile development and readiness for self-directed learning over time of two undergraduate student cohorts experiencing different curricular presentations of essentially the same syllabus. The results from three measurement points are reported following each cohort through their first half of the BSc (Honours) Physiotherapy Course, Cardiff. At intake both cohorts preferred a concrete, fact-based learning environment, which was teacher structured. Over time, the cohorts responded significantly differently to their curricula in respect of the student-structured learning preference (LP) variable (p < 0.05), and displayed trends (p < 0.1) towards response difference for the concrete, interpersonal and individual LP variables. Cohort differences are discussed in terms of the planned curriculum changes made during the intervening revalidation exercise. It is suggested that curricula mould students' learning profile development. The impact of this statement on future curriculum development is discussed and educational research-in-action promoted. PMID:12098455

Kell, Clare; Van Deursen, Robert

2002-01-01

49

Training English Language Student Teachers to Become Reflective Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflective teaching practice has become a central theme in professional growth at the pre-service teacher education level almost everywhere. English language teaching (ELT) teacher trainers, like any other teacher trainers, have a powerful role to play in fostering reflection in their student teachers through the approaches and strategies they…

Al-Issa, Ali; Al-Bulushi, Ali

2010-01-01

50

White Students Reflecting on Whiteness: Understanding Emotional Responses  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present investigation, we explored potential predictors of White students' general emotional responses after they reflected on their Whiteness in a semistructured interview (n = 88) or written reflection (n = 187). Specifically, we examined how color-blindness (i.e., awareness of White privilege) and racial affect (i.e., White empathy, White guilt, and White fear), assessed before the interview or written

Nathan R. Todd; Lisa B. Spanierman; Mark S. Aber

2010-01-01

51

Metacognition: Student Reflections on Problem Solving  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty-first century teaching and learning focus on the fundamental skills of critical thinking and problem solving, creativity and innovation, and collaboration and communication. Metacognition is a crucial aspect of both problem solving and critical thinking, but it is often difficult to get students to engage in authentic metacognitive…

Wismath, Shelly; Orr, Doug; Good, Brandon

2014-01-01

52

Developing students' ability in monitoring learning via reflective journal writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of reflective journal writing in helping learners monitor their own learning. In this study, monitoring refers to the ability of students to check, verify and correct oneself in the performance of a learning task. The study was conducted in an intact Malaysian ESL class of 42 students at an urban

Gurnam Kaur Sidhu; Sarjit Kaur; Chan Yuen Fook

2010-01-01

53

Preparing BSW Students for Service-Learning: Enhancing Epistemological Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article includes a review of the literature on personal epistemology and the reflective judgment model and applies these theoretical concepts to undergraduate students who engage in service-learning projects. The application will provide instructors with greater understanding of students' abilities and limitations in their…

Averett, Paige E.; Arnd-Caddigan, Margaret

2014-01-01

54

Measuring Student Satisfaction from the Student Outcomes Survey. Technical Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Student Outcomes Survey is an annual national survey of vocational education and training (VET) students. Since 1995, participants have been asked to rate their satisfaction with different aspects of their training, grouped under three main themes: teaching, assessment, and generic skills and learning experiences. While the composition of the…

Fieger, Peter

2012-01-01

55

White Students Reflecting on Whiteness: Understanding Emotional Responses  

PubMed Central

In the present investigation, the authors explored potential predictors of White students’ general emotional responses after they reflected on their Whiteness in a semi-structured interview (n = 88) or written reflection (n = 187). Specifically, the authors examined how color-blindness (i.e., awareness of White privilege) and racial affect (i.e., White empathy, White guilt, and White fear), assessed before the interview or written reflection, may predict positive and negative emotional responses, assessed immediately following the interview or written reflection. Furthermore, the authors considered whether affective costs of racism to Whites moderated the association between racial color-blindness and general positive and negative emotional responses of White students. Findings indicated that affective costs of racism moderated associations between racial color-blindness and general emotional responses. Specifically, White fear moderated associations for the written reflection group whereas White empathy moderated an association in the interview. White guilt did not moderate, but instead directly predicted a negative emotional response in the written reflection group. Findings suggest that the interaction between racial color-blindness and racial affect is important when predicting students’ emotional responses to reflecting on their Whiteness. Implications for educators and administrators are discussed. PMID:20657811

Todd, Nathan R.; Spanierman, Lisa B.; Aber, Mark S.

2010-01-01

56

Integrating Mindfulness and Reflection in the Teaching and Learning of Listening Skills for Undergraduate Social Work Students in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper illustrates how mindfulness and reflection exercises can be integrated into the teaching and learning of active listening skills, an integral component of relationship skills training. This pedagogy was first trialled on a small cohort of 15 students and the improved version was applied with a second cohort of 53 students. Through the mindfulness and reflection exercises which were

Esther C. L. Goh

2011-01-01

57

Reflection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students learn that infrared light is reflected in the same manner as visible light. Students align a series of mirrors so that they can turn on a TV with a remote control when the remote is not in a direct line with the TV. As a result of their experiment with reflection, students deduce that infrared light is another form of light and is a part of the electromagnetic spectrum. Section 1 of the activity guide includes teacher notes, information on materials and preparation, student misconceptions and a student pre-test. Each activity section also includes teacher notes, student activity sheets, and answer keys. This activity requires a TV and remote control. It is the third of four activities in Active Astronomy, which are designed to complement instruction on the electromagnetic spectrum, focusing on infrared light.

58

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Sugarcane Bagasse Paper versus Wheat Straw Paper  

E-print Network

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Sugarcane Bagasse Paper Bagasse Paper versus Wheat Straw Paper prepared by Omar Omari 54434105 Marcus Cheung 82207101 Robert Chen this project to investigate and compare the advantages and disadvantages between sugarcane bagasse paper

59

Blogging for Reflection: The Use of Online Journals to Engage Students in Reflective Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflective learning has long been studied in many disciplines. A primary way that reflective learning has been taught is through journaling. With the advent of e-learning, journaling has moved to the Web in the form of blogs. The current paper reviews the current state of journaling and blogging research with specific recommendations for marketing…

Muncy, James A.

2014-01-01

60

Reflections at Hand: Using Student Response System Technology to Mediate Teacher Reflective Thinking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study thus was to empirically investigate the association between teachers' self-reported reflective practices and their use of student response systems. Analysis of responses from 214 teacher participants from the southeastern US to the "Teachers' Technology Use and Belief Survey (TTUBS)" revealed the following findings.…

Waller, Lisa; Edens, Kellah

2012-01-01

61

Middle School Co-Teaching: Effective Practices and Student Reflections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Describes co-teaching, an increasingly popular instructional delivery option for diverse classrooms. Provides an overview of co-teaching, highlights effective practices by two middle school co-teachers, and presents reflections about the effectiveness of co-taught classes from middle grades students.

Conderman, Greg

2011-03-01

62

Reflections on student journals and teaching about inequality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The humanist framework of poetry therapy extends to both the individual and the larger social context that frames our personal lives. Poetry therapy calls on us to embrace the voices and practices of inclusion and equality. In this article the author reflects on several years of undergraduate teaching where she integrated student journals into teaching about inequality. Teaching about inequality

Emily R. Blumenfeld

2010-01-01

63

Dental students' reflections on their experiences with a diverse patient population.  

PubMed

Recent developments, including national reports and new accreditation standards, have emphasized the need for dental students to be prepared to address the needs of a diverse patient population. The purpose of this study was to explore students' descriptions of and reflections on their day-to-day interactions with a diverse patient population in the clinical setting, using a qualitative approach. All dental students (sixty-six) enrolled in the third year of the D.M.D. program at a Midwestern dental school were required to write a paper reflecting on their experiences working with a diverse patient population in the general dental clinic of the school as part of a behavioral sciences course. All third-year dental students were invited to participate in the study. The students' papers were deidentified prior to data analysis. Forty-two students' papers describing a total of 126 patient-student interactions were reviewed. Data analysis resulted in identification of three key themes: 1) development of cultural awareness and recognition of the need to understand each patient as a unique individual, 2) desire to build rapport with all patients, and 3) realization that the development of cultural competence is a lifelong learning process requiring ongoing experiences working with a diverse patient population. Review of student reflection papers is valuable in providing faculty with an understanding of students' degree of development of cultural competence. A greater understanding of students' day-to-day experiences with a diverse patient population can provide insights for dental educators who develop cultural competence curricula. PMID:23929567

Victoroff, Kristin Zakariasen; Williams, Kristin A; Lalumandier, James

2013-08-01

64

Student Reflections of Sport Education in One Urban Australian Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores a Sport Education pilot project as a case study of the approach in a primary school setting. The data was obtained from the end of unit written reflections of a class of upper primary students in an urban Australian primary school. The Sport Education unit of work was implemented by the school's physical education teacher who…

Pill, Shane

2010-01-01

65

Mandatory Trialling of Support Services by International Students: What They Choose and How They Reflect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper evaluates a strategy to promote the uptake of support services by international students (ISs) at an Australian university. As part of their assessment, ISs completed a so-called "University Service Reflection Task" (USRT) in a core first-year course. To complete the USRT, all ISs accessed one support service (e.g. language…

Fenton-Smith, Ben; Michael, Rowan

2013-01-01

66

Graduate student papers on advanced traffic management systems  

SciTech Connect

The document is the culmination of the first offering of an innovative transportation engineering graduate course at Texas A and M University entitled, Traffic Information and Control Systems Design. The course was presented during the summer 1991 term. As part of the course, a Practitioner-In-Residence program was initiated as a means of providing the students with unique learning experiences. Five top-level managers/practitioners from city and state transportation departments and from transportation consulting firms were invited to Texas A and M University to present a 2-day Symposium on Advanced Traffic Management Systems at the beginning of the summer term. Immediately following the Symposium, the students enrolled in the course participated in a Workshop with the transportation managers/practitioners and course instructors. Based on mutual interests, each student was assigned to one of the managers/practitioners who served as a mentor (along with the course instructors) to the student for the remainder of the summer term. Each student worked with his/her mentor and course instructors to identify a topic area and objectives for a term paper. In addition to discussions with the course instructors, the students (communicating via telephone, fax and mail) worked directly with the mentors throughout the term while preparing their term papers. Constructive comments were provided the students on their draft papers by the instructors and mentors. The mentors returned to the Texas A and M University campus near the end of the summer term to hear and critique the students' presentations.

Dudek, C.L.; Messer, C.J.; Capelle, D.; McDermott, J.; Roper, D.

1991-08-01

67

Erasmus Student Mobility Agreement Study Placement THIS PLACEMENT AGREEMENT (between institution and student) REFLECTS THE MINIMAL  

E-print Network

and student) REFLECTS THE MINIMAL REQUIREMENTS AS SPECIFIED BY THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION - Lifelong Learning Northcote House The Queen's Drive Exeter EX4 4QJ called hereafter "the institution", represented

Mumby, Peter J.

68

Understanding reflection-in-action: An investigation into middle-school students' reflective inquiry practices in science and the role that software scaffolding can play  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent calls to reform science education propose changes in the content and structure of the learning of science. At the classroom level, these calls emphasize investigations that are inquiry-based and parallel the nature of scientific work. Research on students' inquiry practices has suggested that engaging in inquiry is difficult, as students need to approach inquiry reflectively and assume more responsibility over their learning than has been traditionally expected from them. This dissertation presents the results of an empirical study investigating the following questions: (a) What elements of reflective inquiry do middle school students engage in when asked to conduct complex investigations, and what kind of challenges do they face? (b) What role can software-based learning environments play in supporting students' reflective inquiry practices? These questions were investigated by studying six pairs of middle-school students as they problem-solved a software investigation involving the analysis of complex data. The findings are presented in the alternative dissertation format of two research papers. The first paper, entitled Reasoning with scientific data: middle-school students' processes of theory-evidence coordination, investigates the process through which three pairs of students coordinated their theories with the evidence in the data, describes the variability in the ways that students coordinated theory and evidence, and discusses the challenges the groups faced. The findings suggest that students engaged in reflective inquiry to varying degrees and that they needed further scaffolding to address the challenges they faced. The second paper, entitled The role of the Progress Portfolio tool in scaffolding middle-school students' reflective inquiry in science, investigates the role of a software-based intervention designed to support students' engagement in four reflective inquiry practices: attending to evidence, interpreting data, evaluating hypotheses against the interpreted data, and constructing evidence-based explanations. The findings suggest that introducing a tool that allows students to record their progress and prompts them to articulate their understanding can support reflective inquiry practices. These findings also inform the design of learning environments by providing descriptions of how students interact with software-based scaffolding and how software design can contribute to middle school students' reflective inquiry practices.

Kyza, Eleni A.

69

Preservice Teacher Education Students' Dialogue Journals: What Characterizes Students' Reflective Writing and a Teacher's Comments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Training teachers as reflective practitioners is an important element in many teacher education programs. Teacher education literature indicates that journal writing is an approach that fosters reflection, and is an effective source of dialogue between student and teacher. This document reports on an action research study on the use of journals in…

Krol, Christine A.

70

Tools for Reflection on the Academic Identities of Doctoral Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we explore the usefulness of three different approaches to facilitating reflexivity and a critical awareness of emerging academic identities for doctoral students. This paper stems from a longitudinal research project entitled "The Next Generation of Social Scientists", which was conducted across three research-intensive…

Alexander, Patrick; Harris-Huemmert, Susan; McAlpine, Lynn

2014-01-01

71

Paper Towers : Building students' understandings of technological design  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

?What do you think the National Science Education Standards are referring to when they talk about science and technology?" The authors posed this question to a group of undergraduate education majors during a science teaching methods course. The students? somewhat myopic notions of technology provided the perfect segue to introduce the activity, Paper Towers, which can be used in the middle school science classroom to help students develop their understandings of technological design.

Minogue, James; Guentensberger, Todd

2006-01-01

72

Reflections of Students in Their Use of Asynchronous Online Seminars  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on research that has been carried out into the use, process, and effectiveness of an asynchronous online seminar within an undergraduate sports studies degree programme. Contemporary sources are used to justify the use of technology supported learning (TSL) in higher education and to inform a reflective and critical account of…

Groves, Mark; O'Donoghue, John

2009-01-01

73

Teaching labs the Compass way: Engaging students in authentic research practices and regular self-reflection  

E-print Network

Aligning science instruction with authentic scientific practices is a national priority in education. In particular, undergraduate laboratory courses have been criticized as employing recipe-style activities with little emphasis on inquiry and design. This paper offers an alternative laboratory-style course, offered via the Compass Project at UC Berkeley. Using a model-based approach, undergraduate physics students engaged in authentic research practices by iteratively refining their experimental and theoretical designs. The course also promoted lifelong learning skills, such as persistence and organization, as a means of supporting students to learn productively. We document growth in students' understanding of scientific measurement and, drawing on student reflections, we suggest areas for future research focused on improving students' lifelong learning skills.

Gandhi, Punit R; Zaniewski, Anna M; Reinholz, Daniel L; Dounas-Frazer, Dimitri R

2014-01-01

74

Reflections on Refugee Students' Major Perceptions of Education in Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reflective study explores refugee students' perceptions of the educational approach used in Kakuma Refugee Camp in Kenya. The study focuses on my personal reflections as a teacher and a student in this camp, and as a refugee. My goal of writing this narrative is to reflect fully on the refugee students' life in a camp and then contribute to…

Mareng, Chuei D.

2010-01-01

75

Assessing Student Teachers' Reflective Writing through Quantitative Content Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' reflective essay writing can be stimulated by the formative assessments provided to them by their teachers. Such assessments contain information about the quality of students' reflective writings and offer suggestions for improvement. Despite the importance of formatively assessing students' reflective writings in teacher…

Poldner, Eric; Van der Schaaf, Marieke; Simons, P. Robert-Jan; Van Tartwijk, Jan; Wijngaards, Guus

2014-01-01

76

Enhancing Student Success by Treating "Student Jobs" as "Real Jobs". Noel-Levitz White Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a time of scarce resources, many colleges and universities are looking for ways to stretch their existing resources for student success. At the same time, most institutions have a significant number of student workers. This paper presents the latest research that describes the vital role of on-campus employment in student retention. This report…

Noel-Levitz, Inc, 2010

2010-01-01

77

Facilitating Student Learning through Contextualization. CCRC Working Paper No. 29  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a literature review that explores the nature and effectiveness of contextualization as a way to improve outcomes for academically underprepared college students. Two forms of contextualization have been studied: "contextualized" and "integrated" instruction. There is more descriptive work on the contextualization of basic skills than…

Perin, Dolores

2011-01-01

78

The MSOM Society Student Paper Competition: Abstracts of 2006 Winners  

Microsoft Academic Search

The journal is pleased to publish the abstracts of the six finalists of the 2006 Manufacturing and Service Operations Management Society's student paper competition. The 2006 prize committee was chaired by Erica Plambeck (Stanford University). The other committee members were: Naren Agrawal (Santa Clara University), Aydin Alptekinoglu (University of Florida), Mor Armony (New York University),Yossi Aviv (Washington University in St.

anonymous

2007-01-01

79

"Who Leaves?" Teacher Attrition and Student Achievement. Working Paper 23  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes attrition patterns among teachers in New York City public elementary and middle schools and explores whether teachers who transfer among schools, or leave teaching entirely, are more or less effective than those who remain. We find that the first-year teachers who are less effective in improving student math scores have higher…

Boyd, Donald; Grossman, Pamela; Lankford, Hamilton; Loeb, Susanna; Wyckoff, James

2009-01-01

80

ICCE/ICCAI 2000 Full & Short Papers (Student Modeling).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the following full and short papers on student modeling from ICCE/ICCAI 2000 (International Conference on Computers in Education/International Conference on Computer-Assisted Instruction): (1) "A Computational Model for Learner's Motivation States in Individualized Tutoring System" (Behrouz H. Far and Anete H. Hashimoto);…

2000

81

Reflections on a Post September 11 Student-Led Project: Teaching Strategies that Foster Tolerance and Emotional Coping  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixteen preservice teachers participated in a service-learning project to build tolerance in the community as a result of their desire to do something or to make a difference after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. Student reflection papers revealed an increase in student tolerance and feelings of competence after participating in the…

Gilliard, Jennifer L.

2004-01-01

82

Catching them is one thing, keeping them is something else: Reflections on teaching first year university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper documents teaching practices that have been identified, by the teaching team, as improving student success rates in a first year tertiary level compulsory subject. Constructivism, scaffolding, social presence and reflective practice are the key concepts which have proved to be successful in transitioning students in this subject to university study. Outcomes have consisted of goal achievement by individual

S. Werth

83

Reflection Using an Online Discussion Forum: Impact on Student Learning and Satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quasi?experimental study reported in this paper examined whether students were more satisfied and learned more using an online discussion with peers or a hardcopy reflection with one?time feedback from the facilitator\\/instructor. A t?test was used to measure the difference between an experimental section and a comparison section of the same course on: post?course ratings of how well the course

Lynn Bye; Shelley Smith; Helen Monghan Rallis

2009-01-01

84

Lateral light propagation and angular variation of the reflectance of paper  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The appearance of translucent materials is strongly affected by bulk (or sub surface) scattering. For paper and carton board, lateral light propagation and angle-resolved reflection have been studied extensively but treated separately. The present work aims at modelling the BSSRDF of turbid media in order to study the angular variation of the reflectance as function of the lateral propagation within the medium. Monte Carlo simulations of the spatial- and angle resolved reflectance of turbid media are performed for different scattering and absorption coefficients, phase functions and surface topographies representative for uncoated paper grades. The angle-resolved radiance factor of turbid media is found to be function of the lateral light propagation within the substrate and both the reflected radiance factor and the fluorescence emission are found to be clearly non- Lambertian, although the latter clearly depends on the light absorption at the excitation wavelength. It is also suggested that the modelling of uncoated paper should not include surface scattering. The findings impact on the appearance of turbid media at different angles and make measurements of the lateral light propagation dependent on the instrument geometry.

Coppel, Ludovic G.

2014-02-01

85

Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An educational experiment illustrates the electrolysis of water and copper chloride to middle school science students. The electrolysis cell is composed of filter paper soaked with Na[subscript 2]SO[subscript 4] or CuCl[subscript 2] aqueous solution sandwiched, along with a sheet of platinum foil, between two coin-type lithium batteries. When the…

Kamata, Masahiro; Yajima, Seiko

2013-01-01

86

Discipline and school ethos: exploring studentsreflections upon values, rules and the Bible in a Christian City Technology College  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the way students reflect upon discipline in a City Technology College which has a Bible-based Christian ethos. This ethos is formally operationalised within college pastoral care and academic structures through a set of seven Core Values. Using ethnographic data and theoretical perspectives derived from Bourdieu this paper concludes that Core Values allow for different interpretations of the

Elizabeth Green

2009-01-01

87

A Qualitative Experiment to Analyze Microbial Activity in Topsoil Using Paper and a Handmade Reflection Photometer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a novel, hands-on method to qualitatively determine the extent of microbial activity in topsoil using ordinary blank paper. Appropriate and scalable for the high school and college level, these experiments expose students to some of the challenges facing environmental researchers and also contribute to curriculum development…

Agbeko, Julius Kofi; Kita, Masakazu

2007-01-01

88

Constructing Collective Understanding in School: Principal and Student Use of Iterative Digital Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principal preparation around the development of reflective practices has traditionally focused on the individual reflective practices of principals. Recently, reflective discourse between principals and students has facilitated principals' understanding of student perspectives regarding school policies and processes. We explore the use of digital…

Janson, Christopher; Parikh, Sejal; Young, James; Fudge, La'Von

2011-01-01

89

Effects of Reflective Thinking in the Process of Designing Software on Students' Learning Performances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of reflective thinking effects in the process of designing software on students' learning performances. The study contends that reflective thinking is a useful teaching strategy to improve learning performance among lower achieving students. Participants were students from two groups: Higher…

Hsieh, Pei-Hsuan; Chen, Nian-Shing

2012-01-01

90

An Analysis of a Service-Learning Project: Students' Expectations, Concerns, and Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative analysis of written reflective assignments during a service-learning project at a Southeastern university provide insight into students' learning, as well as a means of assessing the experience for student growth and change. Expectations and concerns of students prior to the project were compared with post-experience reflections to…

McClam, Tricia; Diambra, Joel F.; Burton, Bobbie; Fuss, Angie; Fudge, Daniel L.

2008-01-01

91

[Application of Fourier transform attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy in analysis of pulp and paper industry].  

PubMed

As one of the most powerful tools to investigate the compositions of raw materials and the property of pulp and paper, infrared spectroscopy has played an important role in pulp and paper industry. However, the traditional transmission infrared spectroscopy has not met the requirements of the producing processes because of its disadvantages of time consuming and sample destruction. New technique would be needed to be found. Fourier transform attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) is an advanced spectroscopic tool for nondestructive evaluation and could rapidly, accurately estimate the production properties of each process in pulp and paper industry. The present review describes the application of ATR-FTIR in analysis of pulp and paper industry. The analysis processes will include: pulping, papermaking, environmental protecting, special processing and paper identifying. PMID:21595211

Zhang, Yong; Cao, Chun-yu; Feng, Wen-ying; Xu, Ming; Su, Zhen-hua; Liu, Xiao-meng; Lü, Wei-jun

2011-03-01

92

Examining integrative thinking through the transformation of students' written reflections into concept webs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A shift is currently taking place in which explicit connections between content are being emphasized. Biology is not an isolated discipline, yet undergraduate courses frequently focus on discrete knowledge. Students often engage in rote learning, struggle with transforming and applying content. Integrative thinking occurs when students recognize connections to content. Written reflections provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate this thinking. We transformed student-written reflections into concept webs to gain insights into how students connect biological concepts. We were interested in determining if characteristics of integrative thinking develop through reflections. The results indicate a significant relationship between concepts and integrated relationships. Integrative thinking varied but declined overall. Concept webs allow for an examination of student integrative thinking through the transformation of reflection and provide insights into the connections and relationships that students draw between biological concepts. Reflections can transform learning by facilitating and allowing for the evaluation of integrative thinking.

Brittany Ziegler (Minnesota State University)

2012-12-01

93

Recapitulating the History of Sickle-Cell Anemia Research: Improving Students' NOS Views Explicitly and Reflectively  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper provides an argument in favor of a specific pedagogical method of using the history of science to help students develop more informed views about nature of science (NOS) issues. The paper describes a series of lesson plans devoted to encouraging students to engage, unbeknownst to them, in similar reasoning that led scientists to understand sickle-cell anemia from the perspective of multiple subdisciplines in biology. Students pursue their understanding of a "mystery disease"; by means of a series of open-ended problems that invite them to discuss it from the perspective of anatomy, physiology, ecology, evolution, and molecular and cell biology. Throughout this unit, instructors incorporate techniques that invite students to explicitly and reflectively discuss various NOS issues with reference to this example and more generally. It is argued on the grounds of constructivist tenets that this pedagogy has substantial advantages over more implicit approaches. The findings of an empirical study using an open-ended survey and follow-up, semi-structured interviews to assess students' pre- and post-instruction NOS conceptions support the efficacy of this approach.

Howe, Eric Michael; Wÿss Rudge, David

94

College physics students' epistemological self-reflection and its relationship to conceptual learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students should develop self-reflection skills and appropriate views about knowledge and learning, both for their own sake and because these skills and views may be related to improvements in conceptual understanding. We explored the latter issue in the context of an introductory physics course for first-year engineering honors students. As part of the course, students submitted weekly reports, in which they reflected on how they learned specific physics content. The reports by 12 students were analyzed for the quality of reflection and some of the epistemological beliefs they exhibited. Students' conceptual learning gains were measured with standard survey instruments. We found that students with high conceptual gains tend to show reflection on learning that is more articulate and epistemologically sophisticated than students with lower conceptual gains. Some implications for instruction are suggested.

May, David; Etkina, Eugenia

2005-11-02

95

Motivating Weak Students: A Critical Discussion and Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The motivation of students is regarded as one of the problems in the higher education. One of the reasons for the increasing number of students with low-level of motivation is that there are many students enrolling in universities without adequate level of preparation. Consequently, because of complex material delivered to students and their low…

Ganah, A.

2012-01-01

96

Lights, Camera, Action: Facilitating PETE Students' Reflection through Film  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preparing teacher candidates to be reflective professionals is a critical component of physical education teacher education programs. Although many specific strategies have been developed to facilitate post-lesson reflection, strategies for reflecting on future work and professional life have not been widely explored. As a way to facilitate…

Lee, Okseon; Ravizza, Dean; Lee, Myung-Ah

2009-01-01

97

The use of reflective journals for student learning and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

For three years, undergraduate freshman through senior participants were required to submit a reflective journal each week during a design project. In our first implementation, we found that reflective journals were meaningful as assessment tools because they communicated how the participants learned. We show in this three-year study how subsequent use of reflective journaling leads to intellectual development on the

Francis S. Broadway; Helen K. Qammar; Edward A. Evans; Sandra Spickard-Prettyman

2005-01-01

98

A Formative Experiment Investigating the Use of Reflective Video Journals to Increase High School Students' Metacognition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to determine the factors that enhance the effectiveness of reflective video journals to increase the metacognition of adolescent students. To achieve this pedagogical goal, this study followed the six-phase methodology of a formative experiment. Twelve high school students participated in a six-session after-school reflective

Dixon, Brian Jeffrey

2009-01-01

99

Students' Reflection on Online Self-Correction and Peer Review to Improve Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflection is considered as a mental process of an individual's internal problem-solving activity and rarely observed in face-to-face instruction. As a consequence, students have few opportunities to observe and learn from each other. This study aimed to arouse students' reflection on both self-correction (one's own problem-solving process in…

Yang, Yu-Fen

2010-01-01

100

E-LEARNING FOR E-LEARNING: REFLECTION ON TEACHER AND STUDENT EXPERIENCES  

E-print Network

E-LEARNING FOR E-LEARNING: REFLECTION ON TEACHER AND STUDENT EXPERIENCES IN AN E-LEARNING COURSE of a university course on e- learning, delivered in mixed mode. Reflections on teacher and student experiences and online support. Key words: e-learning, course support systems, e-learning standards INTRODUCTION

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

101

An International Experience for Social Work Students: Self-Reflection through Poetry and Journal Writing Exercises  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This descriptive article explores the uses of poetry and journaling exercises as means of helping students develop their self-reflective capacities within the context of international social work. First, self-reflection and its importance to social work practice and education is discussed. Second, the importance of self-reflection in international…

Furman, Rich; Coyne, Ann; Negi, Nalini Junko

2008-01-01

102

Estimating Errors in Student Enrollment Forecasting. AIR Forum 1979 Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of data on longitudinal student attendance patterns to determine variances, and hence confidence bounds, on student enrollment forecasts, in addition to finding the forecasts themselves, is demonstrated. The formulation of the enrollment model based on longitudinal student attendance patterns is described step by step, presenting the…

Marshall, K. T.; Oliver, R. M.

103

Reading Ella: using literary patients to enhance nursing students' reflective thinking in the classroom.  

PubMed

This action research study was designed to explore, in-depth, how 70 senior nursing students experienced an assignment that involved reading and reflecting on a short story, Ella, and the educator's experience during the process. Four sources of data were collected: student reflections, field notes, a classroom process recording by an expert educator/observer, and a focus group interview. Four themes emerged: (1) student reflections revealed their inner, often hidden landscapes; (2) Ella prompted clarification of the past and/or triggered future projective thinking; (3) Ella clarified difficult-to-teach concepts; and (4) the interface between students' thoughts and teacher responses provided a platform of connectivity. I propose that reading well-written stories may enhance students' clinical reasoning skills and ethical comportment within the confines of a classroom. In addition, when students are introduced to literary patients like Ella, they can dwell with the characters at a more peaceful pace which, in itself, may encourage reflectivity. PMID:24317789

Pohlman, Shawn

2013-01-01

104

Goals, Reflection, and Students' Mathematics Self-Efficacy  

E-print Network

[NCTM], 1995; Ramdass & Zimmerman, 2008; Schunk & Zimmerman, 2007; Stenmark, 1991; Zimmerman, 2002, 2008). Self-regulation is one process by which students can “activate and sustain their thoughts, behaviors, and emotions to attain learning goals.... They specifically stated that students should become participants in assessing their own progress and that assessment should encompass more than quizzes and tests (NCTM, 1995). Student self- assessment and self-evaluation are two means by which students can...

Schippers, Jessica Lynn

2012-05-31

105

Their Perspectives: ESL Students' Reflections on Collaborative Community Service Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our business communication classes will continue to be enriched by students from various cultural backgrounds, many of them ESL learners. Among the numerous benefits of this diversity are opportunities for all students to develop essential life skills through course-embedded community service learning (CSL) projects. This study analyzes students'…

Crossman, Joanne M.; Kite, Stacey L.

2007-01-01

106

Teachers and students: Reflections on social control and future performance  

PubMed Central

To instruct consists of arranging controls between teacher, student, and subject matter. Initial controls must emanate from the teacher since those of the subject matter are minimal, crude, or missing. Teachers mand students to behave in certain ways with respect to a given subject matter. Eventually, however, the teacher must transfer the teacher mediated and managed control of the student to natural controls functioning directly through student interaction with the subject matter. Difficulty in doing this occurs due to the reinforcers for both student and teacher derived from social contact. Nevertheless, the student eventually must be taught to interact with the subject matter independent of teacher involvement if the student is to maintain effective contact with the subject matter beyond the period of formal instruction. PMID:22478606

Vargas, Ernest A.; Fraley, Lawrence E.

1984-01-01

107

Old Age Is a Part of Living: Student Reflections on Intergenerational Service-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of student journals examined the effect intergenerational service-learning had upon undergraduate students' attitudes and perceptions of older adults. Students (N = 102) engaged in 12 hours of service-learning with older adults that included writing structured reflection journals. Coding involved open, axial, and selective coding with…

Kalisch, Hilary R.; Coughlin, Deanna R.; Ballard, Sharon M.; Lamson, Angela

2013-01-01

108

One episode, two lenses A reflective analysis of student learning with computer algebra  

E-print Network

at Springerlink.com Abstract A deep understanding of students' learning processes is one of the core challenges A deep understanding of students' learning processes is one of the core challenges of researchOne episode, two lenses A reflective analysis of student learning with computer algebra from

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

109

Effect of the Level of Inquiry of Lab Experiments on General Chemistry Students' Written Reflections  

E-print Network

on the nature of college students' written reflections about laboratory work. Data were collected in the form emphasize the need for engaging students in scientific inquiry.1,2 In particular, science educators stress educational models afford in terms of college-level student learning,19 actual engagement in practical work,20

Talanquer, Vicente A.

110

Using software testing to move students from trial-and-error to reflection-in-action  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introductory computer science students rely on a strategy can help students become more successful. Traditional programming assignments are usually assessed in a way that ignores the skills needed for reflection in action, but software testing promotes the hypothesis-forming and experimental validation that are central to this mode of learning. By changing the way assignments are assessed--where students are responsible for

Stephen H. Edwards

2004-01-01

111

College physics students' epistemological self-reflection and its relationship to conceptual learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students should develop self-reflection skills and appropriate views about knowledge and learning, both for their own sake and because these skills and views may be related to improvements in conceptual understanding. We explored the latter issue in the context of an introductory physics course for first-year engineering honors students. As part of the course, students submitted weekly reports, in which

David B. May; Eugenia Etkina

2002-01-01

112

Student Success at UNC Charlotte A Series of Working Papers  

E-print Network

competitive programs of research and creative activity, exemplary academic programs, and focused community, and engaged citizens while juggling budget constraints, increasing enrollment, and a diversifying student

Xie,Jiang (Linda)

113

On-Line vs. Paper-and-Pencil Surveying of Students: A Case Study. AIR 2000 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the benefits and costs associated with online versus paper-and-pencil surveys for a random sample of undergraduate students. Students completed the College Selection Survey, which had them evaluate the soundness of 10 reasons for choosing, or not choosing, to attend the university, if they could make their choice over again.…

Handwerk, Philip G.; Carson, Cristi; Blackwell, Karen M.

114

Paper Towers: Building Students' Understandings of Technological Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One set of ideas at the core of the National Science Education Standards (NSES) Science and Technology Standards is that of engaging middle school students in activities that help them develop their understandings of technological design. More precisely, students should be able to identify appropriate problems for technological design, design a…

Minogue, James; Guentensberger, Todd

2006-01-01

115

Reflections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners play a game and use pattern blocks to explore mirror images and reflection. First, learners play the mirror game and try to follow everything the "leader" does but in a way that will look like a mirror image (reflections, not copies). Then, learners make reflections of each other's pattern block designs.

Exploratorium

2010-01-01

116

Reflections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this quick activity, Dracula has a hole in his house and learners help solve the problem by using a mirror and protractor to reflect incoming light out of his house. This activity introduces learners to vocabulary associated with light and optics including reflected ray, angle of incident, and angle of reflection. This Dracula-themed activity also works well during Halloween.

Little, Carlyn; Lahart, David; Meyers, Ted; Weisblat, Brooks

1997-01-01

117

Transnational Student Voices: Reflections on a Second Chance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intensity of provision of transnational education (TNE) in the Asian region by Australian universities has been increasing over the past three decades. Although much is claimed, little is actually known about the outcomes and opinions of students enrolled in TNE programs. This article investigates student experiences through the longitudinal…

Hoare, Lynnel

2012-01-01

118

How Physics Test Scores Reflect the Students' Time Spent  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We found that exam scores in introductory physics courses show a wedge-shaped pattern when plotted against the order they are turned in. The article will explore some of the factors contributing to this pattern and will propose guidelines to help determine an ideal test time limit, aimed at students with good perseverance and average skill. The reason for this pattern appears to stem from a combination of students' skills and perseverance. The first students to finish tend to have either the best or worst grades in the class, with few in between. Students with the highest skills (knowledge, memory, problem-solving skills) need little time to finish, and they have the confidence to turn in the test quickly, before other students. Good students with moderately high skills tend to take longer. The later submissions gradually converge to a grade close the class average. Results of over 200 grades from students in different introductory physics classes, from two universities, taught using a variety of methods, when collected and analyzed, show the same wedge-shaped pattern. This seems to indicate a universal component of the pattern, which does not depend on the teaching methods or the test structure. From our analysis, we aim at deriving what an ideal test time limit would be, at which students hit a point of diminishing returns.

Babiuc-Hamilton, Maria; Hamilton, Tim

2009-03-01

119

Which characteristics of written feedback are perceived as stimulating students' reflective competence: an exploratory study  

PubMed Central

Background Teacher feedback on student reflective writing is recommended to improve learners’ reflective competence. To be able to improve teacher feedback on reflective writing, it is essential to gain insight into which characteristics of written feedback stimulate studentsreflection processes. Therefore, we investigated (1) which characteristics can be distinguished in written feedback comments on reflective writing and (2) which of these characteristics are perceived to stimulate studentsreflection processes. Methods We investigated written feedback comments from forty-three teachers on their studentsreflective essays. In Study 1, twenty-three medical educators grouped the comments into distinct categories. We used Multiple Correspondence Analysis to determine dimensions in the set of comments. In Study 2, another group of twenty-one medical educators individually judged whether the comments stimulated reflection by rating them on a five-point scale. We used t-tests to investigate whether comments classified as stimulating and not stimulating reflection differed in their scores on the dimensions. Results Our results showed that characteristics of written feedback comments can be described in three dimensions: format of the feedback (phrased as statement versus question), focus of the feedback (related to the levels of studentsreflections) and tone of the feedback (positive versus negative). Furthermore, comments phrased as a question and in a positive tone were judged as stimulating reflection more than comments at the opposite side of those dimensions (t?=?(14.5)?=?6.48; p?=?< .001 and t?=?(15)?=??1.80; p?students’ reflective essays should be formulated as a question, positive in tone and tailored to the individual student’s reflective level in order to stimulate students to reflect on a slightly higher level. Further research is needed to examine whether incorporating these characteristics into teacher training helps to improve the quality of written feedback comments on reflective writing. PMID:23829790

2013-01-01

120

Nursing student voices: reflections on an international service learning experience.  

PubMed

For the past decade participation in service and experiential learning in higher education has increased. The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experience of BSN and MSN students participating in a multidisciplinary service-learning course in a rural, underserved village in Belize. Researchers analyzed student journals utilizing qualitative data analysis techniques. There were eight consistent themes found in the student journals. The findings indicate that international service learning opportunities increase students' awareness of their place in a global society and the potential contribution they can make in society. For the past decade, service and experiential learning in higher education, including nursing education, has become increasingly important. Simply put, service and experiential learning combine community service activities with a student's academic study for the sole purpose of enriching the academic experience. As faculty, we feel the goal of baccalaureate and graduate nursing education is to produce an educated professional who will become a responsible citizen. PMID:23367657

Main, E Eve; Garrett-Wright, Dawn; Kerby, Molly

2013-01-01

121

Reflections of physiotherapy students in the United Arab Emirates during their clinical placements: A qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Although Western models of education are being used to establish health professional programs in non-Western countries, little is known about how students in these countries perceive their learning experiences. The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the reflections of physiotherapy students from a Middle East culture during their clinical placements and to compare them to reflections of physiotherapy students from a Western culture. Methods Subjects were six senior students (3 females, 3 males, mean age 22.6 years) and 15 junior, female students (mean age 20.1 years) in the baccalaureate physiotherapy program at a university in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). They wrote weekly entries in a journal while in their clinical placements. They described an event, their reaction to it, and how it might affect their future behavior. Two evaluators independently read and coded the content of all the journals, and then worked together to categorize the data and develop themes. A third evaluator, an UAE national, independently read the journals to validate the content analysis. A feedback session with students was used to further validate the data interpretation. The themes were compared to those derived from a similar study of Canadian physiotherapy students. Results The content of the students' reflections were grouped into 4 themes: professional behavior, awareness of learning, self-development and shift to a patient orientation, and identification and analysis of ethical issues. Although the events were different, students from the UAE considered many of the same issues reflected on by Canadian students. Conclusion Physiotherapy students from a Middle East culture consider many of the same issues as students from a Western culture when asked to reflect on their clinical experience. They reflect on their personal growth, on how they learn in a clinical setting, and on the ethical and professional behaviors of themselves and others. PMID:15661079

Larin, Hélène; Wessel, Jean; Al-Shamlan, Amal

2005-01-01

122

Computer-Mediated Peer Review of Student Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Barriers to peer review of student work can be overcome using computer-mediated systems ranging from customized software to e-mail, multiuser object-oriented systems (MOOs), and Web-based projects. (SK)

Sullivan, Dave; Brown, Carol E.; Nielson, Norma L.

1998-01-01

123

The Utility of Reflective Writing after a Palliative Care Experience: Can We Assess Medical Students' Professionalism?  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background Medical education leaders have called for a curriculum that proactively teaches knowledge, skills, and attitudes required for professional practice and have identified professionalism as a competency domain for medical students. Exposure to palliative care (PC), an often deeply moving clinical experience, is an optimal trigger for rich student reflection, and students' reflective writings can be explored for professional attitudes. Objective Our aim was to evaluate the merit of using student reflective writing about a PC clinical experience to teach and assess professionalism. Methods After a PC patient visit, students wrote a brief reflective essay. We explored qualitatively if/how evidence of students' professionalism was reflected in their writing. Five essays were randomly chosen to develop a preliminary thematic structure, which then guided analysis of 30 additional, randomly chosen essays. Analysts coded transcripts independently, then collaboratively, developed thematic categories, and selected illustrative quotes for each theme and subtheme. Results Essays revealed content reflecting more rich information about students' progress toward achieving two professionalism competencies (demonstrating awareness of one's own perspectives and biases; demonstrating caring, compassion, empathy, and respect) than two others (displaying self-awareness of performance; recognizing and taking actions to correct deficiencies in one's own behavior, knowledge, and skill). Conclusions Professional attitudes were evident in all essays. The essays had limited use for formal summative assessment of professionalism competencies. However, given the increasing presence of PC clinical experiences at medical schools nationwide, we believe this assessment strategy for professionalism has merit and deserves further investigation. PMID:23937062

Gill, Anne C.; Teal, Cayla R.; Morrison, Laura J.

2013-01-01

124

Do final grades reflect written qualitative evaluations of student performance?  

Microsoft Academic Search

An evaluation system should allow for early and continued identification of specific problems. A review of negative evaluations of students throughout a problem?based program revealed that 66% of these occurred during the last third of the program. Was the evaluation system too insensitive to detect problem students earlier in the program, or was the faculty reluctant to give less?than?satisfactory grades

Gerald S. Cohen; Phyllis Blumberg; Nancy C. Ryan; Patricia L. Sullivan

1993-01-01

125

Using an adapted reflecting team approach to learn about mental health and illness with general nursing students: an Australian example.  

PubMed

This paper describes how a reflecting team informed by outsider-witness practices was used in a classroom with a small group of Australian general nursing students to explore their understandings of mental illness and people with mental illness. The reflecting team process helped students to go beyond the media stereotypes of mental illness and the people who suffer from mental illness. It helped them develop new understandings of the lives of people who experience mental illness. The process also enabled students to learn more about stigma and its debilitating effects, to speak about it and to monitor their own language use, and to identify and explore their preferred interpersonal approaches in future practice settings when dealing with people showing signs of mental distress. PMID:19125783

Morrison, Paul A

2009-02-01

126

Student Access and Success Working Group Draft 02/02/2009 Strategic Planning White Paper  

E-print Network

Learning 2. Student Recruitment 3. Student Advising, Mentoring, and Retention 4. FacilitiesStudent Access and Success Working Group Draft 02/02/2009 1 Strategic Planning White Paper Student Access and Success Working Group in College of Agriculture Submitted by: Mark Morgan (chair

127

Aligning Student, Parent, and Teacher Incentives: Evidence from Houston Public Schools. NBER Working Paper No. 17752  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an experiment designed to investigate the impact of aligning student, parent, and teacher incentives on student achievement. On outcomes for which incentives were provided, there were large treatment effects. Students in treatment schools mastered more than one standard deviation more math objectives than control students, and…

Fryer, Roland, Jr.

2012-01-01

128

2012 William V. Moore Student Research Conference Best Paper Awards  

E-print Network

in Film" High School Best Paper Awards First Place: Emily Wager, Communication "Media Influence on America Science, College of Charleston "Civil Society in Jordan" Best Paper Awards First Place: Sara Hutchinson

Young, Paul Thomas

129

The Effect of Specific Feedback on Critical Reflection of Physical Therapy Students during Internships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An essential component of expert professional practice is a practitioner's ability to critically reflect on one's performance. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of specific electronic feedback provided by the coordinator of clinical education on students' critical reflection ability displayed in weekly journal writings during…

Dye, Deanna; Scott, Karen Wilson; Ostrom, Lee; Devine, Nancy; Leight, Jennifer

2011-01-01

130

FACILITATING REFLECTION IN EDUCATION STUDIES: A CASE STUDY AMONG PRE SERVICE STUDENT TEACHERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study explores the facilitation of reflection in the teaching and learning of Education Studies among pre service student teachers. Data was collected through document analysis and reflective interviews. Four participants were selected based on opportunistic sampling for this study. Data was analyzed inductively for salient themes or issues by qualitative methods expounded by Miles and Huberman (1994) and

Boon Pong Ying; Wee Kok Leng; Jabatan Ilmu Pendidikan

131

Encouraging Students to Apply Human Sexuality Material to Themselves by Using Integration Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the use of integration papers in human sexuality courses. Integration papers allow students to apply the material they have learned in the course to themselves, which can make the learning experience more powerful. The papers also allow instructors to assess what students have learned by taking the course instead of prior…

Hughes, Jennifer L.

2008-01-01

132

Student Loan Guarantee Agencies and Their Financing. A Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guarantee agencies and their financing are discussed in order to increase awareness of their role and to provide information for policy decisions. Information is provided on: the history of the Guaranteed Student Loan (GSL) program, sources and uses of funds by state guarantee agencies for fiscal years (FY) 1982 and 1984, federal advances repaid…

Hansen, Janet S.; Wolfe, Mark L.

133

The Institutional Costs of Student Attrition. Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research on attrition has focused on the economic consequences of low graduation rates in terms of costs to students and families (from tuition and fees that do not culminate in a credential), lost time, and income and tax losses from low educational attainment in the workforce. However, no systematic attention has been given to another…

Johnson, Nate

2012-01-01

134

The Uniform Migrant Student Record Transfer System. A Position Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Initiated in the mid-sixties under Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, the Uniform Migrant Student Record Transfer System (UMSRTS) was designed to maintain ready accessibility via computer data base to the health and academic records of migrant children. The National Committee on the Education of Migrant Children (NCEMC)…

National Committee on the Education of Migrant Children, New York, NY.

135

Improving Student Outcomes: Restoring America's Education Potential. Strategy Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For decades, investments in public education have boosted U.S. productivity and earnings, forged a path out of poverty for many families, helped disadvantaged students narrow the learning gap with their peers, and developed a workforce that continues to be among the most productive and innovative on Earth. More recently, this engine of growth has…

Greenstone, Michael; Looney, Adam; Shevlin, Paige

2011-01-01

136

Lotteries in Student Assignment: An Equivalence Result. NBER Working Paper No. 16140  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper formally examines two competing methods of conducting a lottery in assigning students to schools, motivated by the design of the centralized high school student assignment system in New York City. The main result of the paper is that a single and multiple lottery mechanism are equivalent for the problem of allocating students to schools…

Pathak, Parag A.; Sethuraman, Jay

2010-01-01

137

Starting Time and School Life: Reflections from Educators and Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using teacher surveys and focus groups, a University of Minnesota study examined the effects of changing school starting times on school operations at all levels and on the community. The least desirable start time was 9:40 a.m. at middle schools. Later schedules benefited high school students. No one schedule can accommodate everyone. (MLH)

Kubow, Particia K; Wahlstrom, Kyla L.; Bemis, Amy E.

1999-01-01

138

Developmental Perspectives on Reflective Practices of Elementary Science Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructors of elementary science methods classes have long lamented the significant difficulties their students exhibit when trying to understand the many complexities of teaching science. As noted by some researchers and practicing teachers, preservice teachers often fail to developmentally function at desired levels with respect to…

Olson, Joanne K.; Finson, Kevin D.

2009-01-01

139

Women Graduate Students in Mathematics and Physics: Reflections on Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Female mathematics and physics graduate students participating in focus groups identified common themes that played important roles in their decisions to go into scientific careers. These factors included the amount of encouragement they received from others, attributes of their undergraduate school, their experiences of competition and…

Hollenshead, Carol; Younce, Patricia Soellner; Wenzel, Stacy A.

1994-01-01

140

Student Perceptions of Classroom Environment and Instructors' Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the development of an instrument to assess classroom environment in universities. Using a sample of 665 students from 11 departments of the University of Seville (Spain), an instrument called the Evaluation of University Teaching Activities Questionnaire (E.U.T.A.Q.) was field-tested. The E.U.T.A.Q. consists of 25 items assigned…

Villar, Luis M.; Alegre, Olga M.

2007-01-01

141

The Case for Using Student Voice in Teacher Selection and Recruitment: Reflections from a School Leader  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this piece Peter Kent, headteacher of Lawrence Sheriff School in Rugby in the UK, reflects upon the role of the student voice in selecting and recruiting new teaching staff. Contextualised by some recent unsympathetic reporting in the UK media, Peter explains why for their school community, using the student voice to inform teacher recruitment…

Kent, Peter

2012-01-01

142

Helping students learn effective problem solving strategies by reflecting with peers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study how introductory physics students engage in reflection with peers about problem solving. The recitations for an introductory physics course with 200 students were broken into a "peer reflection" (PR) group and a traditional group. Each week in recitation, small teams of students in the PR group reflected on selected problems from the homework and discussed why the solutions of some students employed better problem solving strategies than others. The graduate and undergraduate teaching assistants in the PR recitations provided guidance and coaching to help students learn effective problem solving heuristics. In the traditional group recitations students could ask the graduate TA questions about the homework before they took a weekly quiz. The traditional group recitation quiz questions were similar to the homework questions selected for peer reflection in the PR group recitations. As one measure of the impact of this intervention, we investigated how likely students were to draw diagrams to help with problem solving on the final exam with only multiple-choice questions. We found that the PR group drew diagrams on more problems than the traditional group even when there was no explicit reward for doing so. Also, students who drew more diagrams for the multiple-choice questions outperformed those who did not, regardless of which group they were a member.

Mason, Andrew; Singh, Chandralekha

2010-07-01

143

The Instrument for Determining the Levels of Reflective Thinking among Elementary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research is to develop a reliable and valid instrument in order to determine the elementary school students' levels about reflective thinking. A total of 320 students of 6th, 7th and 8th grades from 6 different primary schools participated in the study. It was identified that the instrument was composed of totally 17 items…

Taskin Can, Bilge; Yildrim, Cennet

2014-01-01

144

A positive view of first-year undergraduate reflective diaries: focusing on what students can do  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines first-year student perceptions of using a diary to reflect on their initial semester at university. Students were advised to complete a personal diary of thoughts, feelings and experiences and to review its contents in light of published literature. A qualitative analysis of these assessed reviews was carried out in order to identify emerging themes concerning the use

Simon Brooman; Sue Darwent

2012-01-01

145

Students Reflecting on Test Performance and Feedback: An On-Line Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate students accessing on-line tests in Human Biology in three Western Australian universities were asked to complete an on-line post-test reflective survey about their perceptions of their test performance in light of automated feedback. The survey allowed pre-determined choices and comment text boxes relating to students'…

Fyfe, Georgina; Fyfe, Sue; Meyer, Jan; Ziman, Mel; Sanders, Kathy; Hill, Julie

2014-01-01

146

Chinese Teachers' Evaluation Criteria as Reflected in Narrative Student Evaluations: Implications for Psychological Services in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To increase school psychologists' understanding of school contextual culture in China, this study used a qualitative research method to investigate 30 Chinese elementary school teachers' evaluation criteria as reflected in narrative student evaluations. In the study, 450 narrative student evaluations were coded and analysed. Overall, results…

Ni, Hong; Jones, Constance; Bruning, Roger

2013-01-01

147

Internet Based Reflective Learning for Cooperative Education Students during Co-op Work Periods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Engineering students accessed assignments during cooperative education work placements via a website and interacted with faculty and students via e-mail or conferencing software. A virtual reflection seminar was conducted throughout the work term rather than afterward, resulting in greater integration of co-op and academic experiences. (SK)

Canale, Richard; Duwart, Ellen

1999-01-01

148

A Simple Student Laboratory on Osmotic Flow, Osmotic Pressure, and the Reflection Coefficient.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a laboratory exercise containing a practical series of experiments that novice students can perform within two hours. The exercise provides a confirmation of van't Hoff's law while placing more emphasis on osmotic flow than pressure. Students can determine parameters such as the reflection coefficient which stress the interaction of both…

Feher, Joseph J.; Ford, George D.

1995-01-01

149

Creating the Reflective Practitioner: Sources and Causes of Student Teacher Deviation from Planned Lessons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need to teach student teachers to be reflective in solving problems and planning teaching events has led to an interest in developing appropriate data collection procedures for interns learning to perform self-evaluations. A study of 15 undergraduate student teachers was conducted to determine the extent to which they could perform unaided…

Harris, Jimmy Carl; Wear, Stella Brown

150

Making Sense of Undergraduate Students' Reflections as They Learn through Writing an Action Research Proposal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores learning opportunities offered by students' written reflections as they learn through writing an action research proposal. From tapping into students' reported struggles, I analysed data using three stages of qualitative data analysis: data reduction, data display, and conclusion drawing (Miles and Huberman 1994). It emerged…

Maoto, S.

2011-01-01

151

Concept Maps of Korean EFL Student Teachers' Autobiographical Reflections on Their Professional Identity Formation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study utilizes a concept mapping method to explore the underlying structure and dimensionality of Korean student teachers' autobiographical reflections on their professional identity formation. Participants consist of 90 students enrolled in bachelor's and master's degree programs in English teacher education. The study results imply core…

Lim, Hyun-Woo

2011-01-01

152

Using Reflective Peer Assessment to Promote Students' Conceptual Understanding through Asynchronous Discussions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the impact of using assessment items with competing theories to encourage students to practice evaluative reflection and collaborative argumentation in asynchronous discussions. Thirty undergraduate students from various departments worked in small groups and took turns collaboratively discussing the given item's answer,…

Lin, Huann-shyang; Hong, Zuway-R; Wang, Hsin-Hui; Lee, Sung-Tao

2011-01-01

153

Implementing Reflective Portfolios for Promoting Autonomous Learning among EFL College Students in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article depicts challenges for students and teachers involved in developing a reflective portfolio to promote autonomous learning in Taiwan. One hundred and one students in a Taiwan university completed their individual portfolio projects. A pre-course questionnaire, post-course self-evaluation, and the instructor's field notes were the data…

Lo, Ya-Fen

2010-01-01

154

Reflections on Allen and West's Paper: "Religious Schools in London--School Admissions, Religious Composition and Selectivity"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a reflection upon the research findings of Rebecca Allen and Anne West in relation to religious schools in London. While welcoming this contribution to the systematic study of faith schools (a neglected area of empirical inquiry), the paper argues that the use of "religious schools" as a unitary category is problematic for the…

Grace, Gerald

2009-01-01

155

Reflections on the Life Histories of Today's LGBQ Postsecondary Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative multiple-case study utilized a life history methodology in which written and oral narratives were obtained from six postsecondary students who self-identified as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and\\/or queer (LGBQ). Through the construction of life histories, the researcher endeavored to understand how past experiences and behaviors shaped the participants’ identity and established their sense of resiliency. The researcher's analysis of

James L. Olive

2012-01-01

156

Does reflection have an effect upon case-solving abilities of undergraduate medical students?  

PubMed Central

Background Reflection on professional experience is increasingly accepted as a critical attribute for health care practice; however, evidence that it has a positive impact on performance remains scarce. This study investigated whether, after allowing for the effects of knowledge and consultation skills, reflection had an independent effect on students’ ability to solve problem cases. Methods Data was collected from 362 undergraduate medical students at Ghent University solving video cases and reflected on the experience of doing so. For knowledge and consultation skills results on a progress test and a course teaching consultation skills were used respectively. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis was used to test the relationship between the quality of case-solving (dependent variable) and reflection skills, knowledge, and consultation skills (dependent variables). Results Only students with data on all variables available (n?=?270) were included for analysis. The model was significant (Anova F(3,269)?=?11.00, p?students’ reflection had a small but significant effect on case-solving, which supports reflection as an attribute for performance. These findings suggest that it would be worthwhile testing the effect of reflection skills training on clinical competence. PMID:22889271

2012-01-01

157

Using a Progressive Paper to Develop Students' Writing Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the use of a progressive paper in a capstone course to develop students' writing skills. A progressive paper is one that students write one section at a time: as they add each new section, they go back and revise the previous parts based on actionable feedback from the instructor. In this course, the progressive paper

Van Bramer, Scott E.; Bastin, Loyd D.

2013-01-01

158

Analysis of Student Service-Learning Reflections for the Assessment of Transferable-Skills Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The civil and environmental engineering (CEE) programs at the University of Vermont (UVM) incorporate systems thinking and a systems approach to sustainable engineering problem solving. A systems approach considers long-term social, environmental and economic factors within the context of the engineering problem solution and encompasses sustainable engineering solutions. Our goal is to prepare students to become leaders in their chosen field who can anticipate co-products associated with forecasted solutions. As a way of practicing the systems approach, we include service-learning projects in many of our undergraduate engineering courses, culminating with the senior capstone design course. We use a variety of formative and summative assessment methods to gage student understanding and attitudes including student surveys, focus groups, assessment of student projects, and student reflections. Student reflections from two courses -Modeling Environmental and Transportation Systems (31 juniors) and Senior Design Project (30 seniors) are compared. Of these, 25 students were common to both courses. The focus of the systems modeling service-learning project involved mentoring home-schooled children (11-14 yrs old) to solve problems of mobility, using the fun and inspiration of biomimicry. Students were required to invent innovative methods to move people or goods that improve associated constraints (i.e., minimize congestion, reduce pollution, increase safety), or reduce the need for transportation altogether. The capstone design project required a comprehensive engineering design involving two or more CEE sub-disciplines. Both service-learning projects were intended to enhance students’ academic learning experience, attain civic engagement and reinforce transferable skills (written and oral communication, teamwork, leadership and mentoring skills). The student course reflections were not guided; yet they provided valuable data to assess commonalities and differences in student attitudes toward their service-learning projects, specifically, the development of transferable skills. In the spirit of service-learning pedagogy, we divide the contents of students’ written reflections into three categories - academic enhancement, civic engagement and personal growth skills. The commonalities focused mostly on civic engagement. Differences are observed primarily in academic enhancement and personal growth categories. Students working on the biomimicry design project reflected on personal growth (e.g. leadership skills, mentoring, creativity, organizational skills, communication to nontechnical audience), but did not credit it with academic enhancement. In contrast, the senior design reflections concentrated on academics, specifically, students appreciated the enhancement of technical skills as a part of their engineering experience.

Rizzo, D. M.; Dewoolkar, M.; Hayden, N.; Oka, L.; Pearce, A. R.

2010-12-01

159

[Nursing students' experiences in hospital training: subsidies for a reflection on humanization of health].  

PubMed

This qualitative study aims at understanding undergraduate Nursing students' experiences in daily hospital training situations, reflecting on the formation process and highlighting the human dimension. Understanding this may give subsidies for a reflection on the humanization of health/nursing practice. Thirteen students who were finishing the 6m and beginning the 7th semester in November/December 2003 and February/March 2004 were interviewed individually. The analysis of these interviews revealed the following important themes: being faced with other peoples' suffering is a "humanizing" experience; dichotomy technical knowledge/human knowledge; value of the human dimension: theoretical learning; the health team as a model of (un) learning; training experiences arouse feelings in the students; student-teacher relation: limits and facilities. There is a need to rethink the formation process, investing in coordinated actions that favor transformations in service and in schools involving teachers, students and workers. PMID:17094314

Casate, Juliana Cristina; Corrêa, Adriana Katia

2006-09-01

160

Culturally Responsive Schools for Micronesian Immigrant Students. PREL Briefing Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides background information about the geography, language, culture, and political history of the Micronesian region, noting that Hawaii's public schools are experiencing an increase in the enrollment of children from Micronesia. Micronesia includes the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; the three Freely Associated States…

Heine, Hilda C.

161

Managing the Action/Reflection Polarity Through Dialogue: A Path to Transformative Learning. NALL Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Ontario, a course entitled Developing and Leading High Performing Teams: Theory and Practice is experimenting with a design that surfaces the action/reflection paradox for the purpose of learning how to manage this polarity. Whether the product is defined as services or goods,…

Laiken, Marilyn E.

162

Success with academic English: reflections of deaf college students.  

PubMed

The study identified social, educational, and demographic characteristics of deaf postsecondary students who demonstrated strong reading and writing skills. Questionnaire information, information from institutional databases, and in-depth personal interviews were used to identify factors and characteristics that positively influenced the attainment of strong academic literacy skills. Among the areas investigated were school experiences, reading and writing experiences, study habits and attitudes, communication preferences, personality traits, and home and family background. Results of the study generally support previous work conducted with talented hearing youth. Several primary themes emerged from the study: heavy parental involvement in early education and educational decisions, differing modes of communication but extensive family communication, early exposure to and intensive experiences with reading and writing, an enjoyment of reading, a relatively limited social life, high parental and secondary school expectations, the importance of television, and positive self-image. PMID:12061192

Toscano, Rose Marie; McKee, Barbara; Lepoutre, Dominique

2002-03-01

163

Creating Rainbows from Words and Transforming Understandings: Enhancing Student Learning through Reflective Writing in an Aboriginal Music Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflective journal writing is acknowledged as a powerful method for promoting student learning in higher education contexts. Numerous scholars highlight the benefits of reflective writing and journaling for students and teachers in a wide range of teaching areas. There is however, little discussion of how reflective writing is used in teaching and…

Barney, Katelyn; Mackinlay, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

164

Classroom Peer Effects and Student Achievement. Working Paper 08-5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we analyze the impact of classroom peers on individual student performance with a unique longitudinal data set covering all Florida public school students in grades 3-10 over a five-year period. Unlike many previous data sets used to study peer effects in education, our data set allow us to identify each member of a given student's…

Burke, Mary A.; Sass, Tim R.

2008-01-01

165

Fostering Student Learning and Motivation in the Elementary School Classroom. Occasional Paper No. 51.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews educational theory and research on student learning gains (especially in basic skills in elementary grades) and on motivating students to value and engage willingly in academic tasks. Research on the link between teacher behavior and student learning and attitudes is addressed in the first section, followed by a section…

Brophy, Jere E.

166

Students' Perception of Value of Interactive Oral Communication as Part of Writing Course Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every day students are able to discuss complex ideas relatively easily in spontaneous conversation, yet when they attempt to express complex ideas in a written paper, students often experience great difficulty. The features of face-to-face conversation and of written communication differ in a number of respects. This study examines student's…

Krych-Appelbaum, Meredyth; Musial, Joanna

2007-01-01

167

Does Sorting Students Improve Scores? An Analysis of Class Composition. NBER Working Paper No. 18848  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines schools' decisions to sort students into different classes and how those sorting processes impact student achievement. There are two potential effects that result from schools creating homogeneous classes--a "tracking effect," which allows teachers to direct their focus to a more narrow range of students, and a peer effect,…

Collins, Courtney A.; Gan, Li

2013-01-01

168

Tutors’ and students’ perceptions of what makes a good undergraduate research paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored how undergraduate students and their tutors in an English Language Teaching Department of a Turkish university conceptualised a good research paper and whether there was a match between the conceptions of both parties. In line with this purpose, the study specifically sought answers to what the students’ concerns and what their tutors’ views were on students’ potential

Rana Yildirim; Gulden Ilin

2009-01-01

169

Student Teachers' Resistance to Exploring Racism: Reflections on 'doing' border pedagogy  

Microsoft Academic Search

While teachers have a responsibility to teach in a way that is anti-discriminatory and inclusive of all students irrespective of students' gender, 'race'\\/ethnicity, social class, disability or sexual orientation, in this paper my focus is on 'race' and racism and the ways in which some teacher education students resist examining their own racialised assumptions. Given that 'race' is invariably constructed

Nado Aveling

2002-01-01

170

Service Learning is Not Just for Students: Reflections on a Faculty Service Learning Project in Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much has been written in recent years about the value of service learning for college students, and for IT students in particular. While there seems to be much agreement on the value of service learning for college students, this paper demonstrates that engaging in service learn- ing opportunities also has great value for faculty. The project discussed involves a faculty

Julie Jensen

2007-01-01

171

Reflections on the Proceedings from HPSST Conferences: A Profile of Papers on Chemistry Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proceedings from the first three History and Philosophy of Science and Science Teaching Conferences are examined to identify the profile of papers in science content areas. Those papers with a chemistry education emphasis are investigated more closely. Results indicate that papers with physics content dominate. Chemistry and biology content were…

Erduran, Sibel

172

Using Reflection with Peers to Help Students Learn Effective Problem Solving Strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe a study in which introductory physics students engage in reflection with peers about problem solving. The recitations for an introductory physics course with 200 students were broken into the "Peer Reflection" (PR) group and the traditional group. Each week in recitation, students in the PR group reflected in small teams on selected problems from the homework. The graduate and undergraduate teaching assistants (TAs) in the PR group recitations provided guidance and coaching to help students learn effective problem solving heuristics. In the recitations for the traditional group, students had the opportunity to ask the graduate TA questions about the homework before they took a weekly quiz. On the final exam with only multiple-choice questions, the PR group drew diagrams on more problems than the traditional group, even when there was no external reward for doing so. Since there was no partial credit for drawing the diagrams on the scratch books, students did not draw diagrams simply to get credit for the effort shown and must value the use of diagrams for solving problems if they drew them. We also find that, regardless of whether the students belonged to the traditional or PR groups, those who drew more diagrams for the multiple-choice questions outperformed those who did not draw them.

Mason, Andrew; Singh, Chandralekha

2010-10-01

173

Reflective thinking and medical students: some thoughtful distillations regarding John Dewey and Hannah Arendt  

PubMed Central

Reflective thought (critical thinking) is essential to the medical student who hopes to become an effective physician. John Dewey, one of America's foremost educators in the early twentieth century, revolutionized critical thinking and its role in education. In the mid twentieth century Hannah Arendt provided profound insights into the problem of diminishing human agency and political freedom. Taken together, Dewey's insight regarding reflective thought, and Arendt's view of action, speech, and power in the public realm, provide mentors and teachers of medical students guidance in the training of thought and the need for its effective projection at the patient's bedside and in the community. PMID:19368737

Papadimos, Thomas J

2009-01-01

174

The Writing of the Scientific Paper To Help Students Process Water Quality Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes how a water monitoring program uses a science research paper to help students apply knowledge learned from the field, the lab, and class discussion. The application consists of examining water quality data of a river and determining what factors had an impact on the river, either biotic or abiotic. Students are asked to…

Friday, Gerald

175

Recapitulating the History of Sickle-Cell Anemia Research: Improving Students' NOS Views Explicitly and Reflectively  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an argument in favor of a specific pedagogical method of using the history of science to help students develop more informed views about nature of science (NOS) issues. The paper describes a series of lesson plans devoted to encouraging students to engage, "unbeknownst to them", in similar reasoning that led scientists to…

Howe, Eric Michael; Rudge, David Wyss

2005-01-01

176

Learning Biology through Research Papers: A Stimulus for Question-Asking by High-School Students  

PubMed Central

Question-asking is a basic skill, required for the development of scientific thinking. However, the way in which science lessons are conducted does not usually stimulate question-asking by students. To make students more familiar with the scientific inquiry process, we developed a curriculum in developmental biology based on research papers suitable for high-school students. Since a scientific paper poses a research question, demonstrates the events that led to the answer, and poses new questions, we attempted to examine the effect of studying through research papers on students' ability to pose questions. Students were asked before, during, and after instruction what they found interesting to know about embryonic development. In addition, we monitored students' questions, which were asked orally during the lessons. Questions were scored according to three categories: properties, comparisons, and causal relationships. We found that before learning through research papers, students tend to ask only questions of the properties category. In contrast, students tend to pose questions that reveal a higher level of thinking and uniqueness during or following instruction with research papers. This change was not observed during or following instruction with a textbook. We suggest that learning through research papers may be one way to provide a stimulus for question-asking by high-school students and results in higher thinking levels and uniqueness. PMID:14673492

Brill, Gilat; Yarden, Anat

2003-01-01

177

Cultural Reflections. Papers from the Project Contact Literature in Cross-National Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten papers discuss the relationship between cultural awareness and literature, with specific references to cultural resonances between East and West and between developed and developing nations. The papers represent seminar presentations of the Contact Literature Project in Honolulu in 1981. Contact literature refers to the study of literary…

Sharrad, Paul, Ed.

178

Towards High-Quality Reflective Learning amongst Law Undergraduate Students: Analysing Students' Reflective Journals during a Problem-Based Learning Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is wide agreement that problem-based learning is a key strategy to promote individual abilities for "learning how to learn". This paper presents the main contributions that reflective journals and the problem-based learning approach can make to foster professional knowledge and quality learning in higher education. Thirty-six…

Rué, Joan; Font, Antoni; Cebrián, Gisela

2013-01-01

179

Service Learning for Medical Students: Program Development and Students' Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We designed a cross-disciplinary interdepartmental volunteer program, which involved student participation in "community care teams for the elderly living alone." Our aim was to enhance communication between students and the elderly. Students were expected to meet and learn to get along with the elderly, to develop listening and…

Yang, Shu-Huei; Shih, Chun-Kuang; Liu, Chu-Hsiu; Peng, Hsiang-Ting; Chan, Wing P.

2014-01-01

180

Blended Delivery and Online Assessment: Scaffolding Student Reflections in Work-Integrated Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper documents a teaching innovation addressing the challenges of embedding and assessing reflective practice in work-integrated learning, specifically marketing internships. We identify four issues relating to this problem: lack of knowledge or skill for reflection, limitations of physical journals, facilitation of different forms of…

Larkin, Ingrid; Beatson, Amanda

2014-01-01

181

Stereotype Threat and the Student-Athlete. NBER Working Paper No. 14705  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Achievement gaps may reflect the cognitive impairment thought to occur in evaluative settings (e.g., classrooms) where a stereotyped identity is salient (i.e., stereotype threat). This study presents an economic model of stereotype threat that reconciles prior evidence on how student effort and performance are influenced by this social-identity…

Dee, Thomas S.

2009-01-01

182

Reflective Activities: Helping Students Connect with Texts. Classroom Practices in Teaching English, Volume 30.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers successful classroom practices that encourage students to learn purposefully and constructively by reflecting on their own learning processes and by making connections between what they read (whether verbal or visual texts) and the lives they lead. Extending from middle and high school through college composition and English…

Reid, Louann, Ed.; Golub, Jeffrey N., Ed.

183

Reflections on Individual Psychotherapy with University Students: What Seems to Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors offer reflections on what seems to work in individual psychotherapy with university students. Discussion centers around the topics of triage and disposition, referral, crisis intervention, stress management, open-ended psychotherapy, extratherapeutic factors, and the psychotherapy relationship. These observations are not intended to be…

Pinkerton, Rolffs; Talley, Joseph E.; Cooper, Stacie L.

2009-01-01

184

Exploring Students' Reflective Thinking Practice, Deep Processing Strategies, Effort, and Achievement Goal Orientations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research indicates that study processing strategies, effort, reflective thinking practice, and achievement goals are important factors contributing to the prediction of students' academic success. Very few studies have combined these theoretical orientations within one conceptual model. This study tested a conceptual model that included, in…

Phan, Huy Phuong

2009-01-01

185

Scaffolding Young Children's Reflections with Student-Created PowerPoint Presentations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated young children's reflections about their learning experiences through Student-Created PowerPoint Presentations (SCPP). The study was conducted in a K/1 classroom in a university-affiliated school while the children completed a project titled "Who Measures What in Our Neighborhood?" The participants were 14 children (five…

Wang, X. Christine; Kedem, Yore; Hertzog, Nancy B.

2004-01-01

186

Design and Reflection Help Students Develop Scientific Abilities: Learning in Introductory Physics Laboratories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Design activities, when embedded in an inquiry cycle and appropriately scaffolded and supplemented with reflection, can promote the development of the habits of mind (scientific abilities) that are an important part of scientific practice. Through the Investigative Science Learning Environment ("ISLE"), students construct physics knowledge by…

Etkina, Eugenia; Karelina, Anna; Ruibal-Villasenor, Maria; Rosengrant, David; Jordan, Rebecca; Hmelo-Silver, Cindy E.

2010-01-01

187

Student and Teacher Reflections on Indirectness as a Pragmatic Feature of Pharmacist-Patient Simulations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a research process where focussed reflection on pharmacist-patient simulations led to meta-pragmatic awareness and directions for pedagogical practice. The research participants were third-year EAL pharmacy students, who were practising being pharmacists, and pharmacy staff members, who played the part of patients. Analysis…

Hussin, Virginia

2013-01-01

188

Tolerance and Understanding? Students and Teachers Reflect on Differences at School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Starting from educational aims that emphasise tolerance and understanding, the focus of this article is to analyse how difference is constructed in students informal relations, by enactments of bullying and sex-based and racist harassment. The article also discusses how young people themselves and teachers reflect on these kinds of processes.…

Lahelma, Elina

2004-01-01

189

A New Theory-to-Practice Model for Student Affairs: Integrating Scholarship, Context, and Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we synthesize existing theory-to-practice approaches within the student affairs literature to arrive at a new model that incorporates formal and informal theory, institutional context, and reflective practice. The new model arrives at a balance between the rigor necessary for scholarly theory development and the adaptability…

Reason, Robert D.; Kimball, Ezekiel W.

2012-01-01

190

Applying Sociology through Social Marketing: Student Reflections on an Intimate Violence Awareness Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introducing students to sensitive social issues like intimate violence in lower level courses can spark their sociological imaginations motivating them to do further research in order to gain reflective knowledge about such topics. In order to promote two course objectives: (1) recognizing and applying sociological concepts and theories, and (2)…

Hertzog, Jodie; Williams, Renee

2007-01-01

191

Two Configurations for Accessing Classroom Computers: Differential Impact on Students' Critical Reflections and Their Empowerment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The context of this article is the new technological environment and the struggle to use meaningful teaching practices in Norwegian schools. Students' critical reflections in two different technological learning environments in six upper secondary schools are compared. Three of these schools offer Internet-connected computers in special computer…

Solhaug, T.

2009-01-01

192

Through Psychological Lenses: University Students' Reflections Following the "Psychology of the Holocaust" Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While Holocaust related activities and educational programs around the world are growing in number, published reports on their impact are scarce, especially on the university level. The free responses of 94 Jewish-Israeli university students who took the course "Psychology of the Holocaust" yielded eight themes. The results reflect a change of…

Lazar, Alon; Litvak-Hirsch, Tal; Bar-On, Dan; Beyth-Marom, Ruth

2009-01-01

193

Promoting reflection by using contextual activity sampling: a study on students' interprofessional learning.  

PubMed

Students' engagement and reflection on learning activities are important during interprofessional clinical practice. The contextual activity sampling system (CASS) is a methodology designed for collecting data on experiences of ongoing activities by frequent distribution of questionnaires via mobile phones. The aim of this study was to investigate if the use of the CASS methodology affected students' experiences of their learning activities, readiness for interprofessional learning, academic emotions and experiences of interprofessional team collaboration. Student teams, consisting of 33 students in total from four different healthcare programs, were randomized into an intervention group that used CASS or into a control group that did not use CASS. Both quantitative (questionnaires) and qualitative (interviews) data were collected. The results showed that students in the intervention group rated teamwork and collaboration significantly higher after than before the course, which was not the case in the control group. On the other hand, the control group reported experiencing more stress than the intervention group. The qualitative data showed that CASS seemed to support reflection and also have a positive impact on students' experiences of ongoing learning activities and interprofessional collaboration. In conclusion, the CASS methodology provides support for students in their understanding of interprofessional teamwork. PMID:24754545

Lachmann, Hanna; Fossum, Bjöörn; Johansson, Unn-Britt; Karlgren, Klas; Ponzer, Sari

2014-09-01

194

The UK Edition of "The Little Red Schoolbook": A Paper Tiger Reflects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper concerns "The Little Red Schoolbook," an English translation of the Danish book "Den lille rode bog fur skoleelever." After the book's publication in the UK, opponents were successful in pressing for its publisher's prosecution. The ensuing trial led to its withdrawal and its bowdlerisation. It is argued that the work played some part…

Limond, David

2012-01-01

195

We lived and breathed medicine - then life catches up: Medical students' reflections  

PubMed Central

Background Reflective writing enhances personal and professional development. It is essential for the teachers to be familiar with the students’ perceptions to improve the students’ learning. Our aim was to deepen the understanding of the medical students’ perceptions of the studies and the coming profession. Methods Our theoretical perspective is constructivist, based upon the relativist view that individuals construct realities to understand and navigate the world. Constructivist methodologies are hermeneutic, with the focus on understanding rather than explaining. Thirty-five written reflections were collected in the first and fifth semesters at Lund University Medical School, Sweden. We used a thematic analysis, close to editing style analysis, inspired by K Malterud, who has modified Giorgi’s phenomenological method. Results For first-semester students the focus is on studies and methods to structure them. The fifth semester is permeated by strategies for achieving a sense of ‘good enough’, qualities of a good doctor and applicability. Clinical placement as a motivating element is important for both semesters. Conclusions A sense of ‘good enough’ is crucial for students to get by. Reflective writing can illuminate the strategies for achieving this. Clinical placement is vital for motivation. PMID:24690405

2014-01-01

196

Invited paper Observation of plasma shielding by measuring transmitted and reflected laser pulse temporal profiles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mass ablation rate increases with laser power density following a power law dependence and a significant change occurs at 0.3 GW/cm^2. A reflected laser temporal profile was measured from a brass sample. When the power density is greater than 0.3 GW/cm^2+, the temporal profile changes. The transmitted laser-pulse temporal profile through a glass sample also was measured. When the power density is greater than 0.3 GW/cm^2, the later part of laser pulse becomes truncated. The power density at which the laser temporal profile changes for each case is same as the power density that the mass ablation rate coefficient changes. The ablated mass can absorb incoming laser radiation through inverse Bremsstrahlung. The mass becomes thermally ionized and opaque to the incident radiation, preventing laser light from reaching the surface. A model based on thermal evaporation and inverse Bremsstrahlung absorption was developed. Calculations show that plasma shielding occurs at approximately 0.3 GW/cm^2. The experiments and model suggest that the significant change observed in mass ablation rate coefficient is caused by plasma shielding.

Mao, Xianglei; Russo, Richard E.

1996-12-01

197

Library of UV-Vis-NIR reflectance spectra of modern organic dyes from historic pattern-card coloured papers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An accurate characterisation of the organic dyes used in artworks, especially those made of paper, is an important factor in designing safe conservation treatments. In the case of synthetic organic dyes used in modern works of art, for example, one frequently encountered difficulty is that some of these dyes are not still commercially available. Recognizing this problem, the authors of this paper present the results of an analysis of UV-Vis-NIR fibre optic reflectance spectra of 82 samples of dyed paper prepared with 41 dyes. The samples come from a historic book, The Dyeing of Paper in the Pulp, which was published by Interessen-Gemeinschaft (I.G.) Farbenindustrie in 1925. The dyes used in the paper pulp belong to the azo compounds, acridine, anthraquinone, azine, diphenylmethane, indigoid, methine, nitro, quinoline, thiazine, triphenylmethane, sulphur and xanthene classes.

Montagner, Cristina; Bacci, Mauro; Bracci, Susanna; Freeman, Rachel; Picollo, Marcello

2011-09-01

198

Library of UV-Vis-NIR reflectance spectra of modern organic dyes from historic pattern-card coloured papers.  

PubMed

An accurate characterisation of the organic dyes used in artworks, especially those made of paper, is an important factor in designing safe conservation treatments. In the case of synthetic organic dyes used in modern works of art, for example, one frequently encountered difficulty is that some of these dyes are not still commercially available. Recognizing this problem, the authors of this paper present the results of an analysis of UV-Vis-NIR fibre optic reflectance spectra of 82 samples of dyed paper prepared with 41 dyes. The samples come from a historic book, The Dyeing of Paper in the Pulp, which was published by Interessen-Gemeinschaft (I.G.) Farbenindustrie in 1925. The dyes used in the paper pulp belong to the azo compounds, acridine, anthraquinone, azine, diphenylmethane, indigoid, methine, nitro, quinoline, thiazine, triphenylmethane, sulphur and xanthene classes. PMID:21715217

Montagner, Cristina; Bacci, Mauro; Bracci, Susanna; Freeman, Rachel; Picollo, Marcello

2011-09-01

199

Promoting Student Success: Creating Conditions So Every Student Can Learn. Occasional Paper No. 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accommodating diverse learning styles of students has long been espoused as a principle of good practice in undergraduate education. Much progress has been made during the past two decades in using active, collaborative, and problem-based learning, learning communities, student-faculty research, service learning, internships, and other…

Chickering, Arthur W.; Kuh, George D.

2005-01-01

200

College Impact and Student Liberalism Revisited: The Effect of Student Peers. ASHE 1988 Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, student liberalism is examined longitudinally to determine whether it changes as the result of being exposed to different educational environments. The effect of college on liberalism and the relative efficacy of different measures of the college environment are also addressed. The main focus is on the effect of student peers. Data…

Dey, Eric L.

201

Reflections by a student and a faculty member on student-faculty collaborative geophysical field research  

Microsoft Academic Search

More and more students and faculty engage in collaborative research. Field geophysics provides a fascinating venue, as it always contributes to interpersonal relations, usually involves off-campus work, and often allows us to meet new people and explore a different culture. Tackling an authentic research problem keeps a faculty member excited about her\\/his discipline, while allowing a student to engage in

C. Bank; J. Rotzien

2007-01-01

202

The Effect of Guided Reflection on Test Anxiety in Nursing Students  

PubMed Central

Background: Anxiety disorders are common and test stress affects many students. Guided reflection is a new and effective method for reducing stress. Objectives: To assess the effect of guided reflection on test anxiety in second and third-year nursing students of Fatima Nursing and Midwifery College, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Materials and Method: This study was designed to assess the effect of guided reflection on test anxiety among nursing students of second and third year of education in Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Data was collected using demographic data questionnaires and the Sarason and Abolghasemi test anxiety scale. Based on the latter questionnaire, of the 147 participants, 100 had test anxiety with scores ranging from 13-63 (mild-severe anxiety), of which 80 students were randomly selected and divided into case and control groups. We used Johns’s 9-stage guided reflection model through Q and A, lecture, and discussion. The case group participated in a 2-day guided reflection workshop for six hours each day. The control group received no intervention. Sarason and Abolghasemi’s test anxiety questionnaire was completed by the students at the beginning of the first session, immediately after and three months after intervention. Results: The test anxiety mean scores were 35.34 ± 9.50 and 35.47 ± 10.66 before the intervention in the control and intervention groups respectively. No significant difference was found between the two groups with respect to socio-demographic characteristics. The Mean ± SD of test anxiety scores increased to 36.48 ± 9.34 three months after the intervention in the control group (P = 0.1). However, in the intervention group, the Mean ± SD test anxiety scores reduced immediately after (16.31 ± 8.61) and three months after (27.72 ± 10.09) the intervention, compared to before the intervention (35.47 ± 10.66) (P < 0.001, paired T-test). Conclusions: Guided reflection is effective in reducing test anxiety in nursing students. This method can be used for reducing test anxiety and increasing learning and academic progress among students.

Sharif, Farkhondeh; Dehbozorgi, Razieh; Mani, Arash; Vossoughi, Mehrdad; Tavakoli, Pouran

2013-01-01

203

Educating Teachers about Managing Classrooms and Students. Occasional Paper No. 115.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the scholarly knowledge base that exists on classroom management in an effort to educate teachers about managing classrooms and students. The concepts of instruction, classroom management, student socialization, and disciplinary intervention as functions commonly performed by teachers are defined. It is argued that a sustained…

Brophy, Jere

204

Implications of Drug Usage for Higher Education. Student Development Staff Papers Number One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the implications of drug usage for higher education. Drug use is not new. However, today there are several problems associated with drug usage: (1) ignorance, (2) semantics, (3) communication, and (4) change as a constant in the world. The reasons for student drug use are discussed. Students use drugs because: (1) they are…

Crookston, Burns B.

205

Rational Ignorance in Education: A Field Experiment in Student Plagiarism. NBER Working Paper No. 15672  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the concern that student plagiarism has become increasingly common, there is relatively little objective data on the prevalence or determinants of this illicit behavior. This study presents the results of a natural field experiment designed to address these questions. Over 1,200 papers were collected from the students in undergraduate…

Dee, Thomas S.; Jacob, Brian A.

2010-01-01

206

Comparison of Paper-Pencil and Online Performances of Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literature in the United States provides many examples of no difference in student achievement when measured against the mode of test administration i.e., paper-pencil and online versions of the test. However, most of these researches centre on "regular" students who do not require differential teaching methods or different evaluation processes…

Taherbhai, Husein; Seo, Daeryong; Bowman, Trinell

2012-01-01

207

Measures of Student Success: Can We Predict Module-Completion Rates? Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are many factors which might cause a student to drop out of a course of study; some of these are preventable. This paper describes the piloting of a survey tool designed to identify students at risk of not completing. Attendance was found to be the strongest predictor of module completion; low or declining scores on the survey were also…

Learned, Jeanette

2010-01-01

208

College Students and Politics: A Literature Review. CIRCLE Working Paper 46  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this working paper, the authors review the literature on college students' political attitudes and behaviors. It is hoped that this review will help to refine research questions and ultimately lead to a larger follow-up research study on college student political engagement. The literature review was based on the following three questions: (1)…

Longo, Nicholas V.; Meyer, Ross P.

2006-01-01

209

Implications and Complications for Deaf Students of the Full Inclusion Movement. Occasional Paper 94-2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers examines the controversy about the full inclusion movement for students with deafness. The collection begins with an introduction by Oscar P. Cohen which traces the history of education of deaf students, examines legal provisions used to justify full inclusion, and urges continuation of the continuum of special services.…

Johnson, Robert Clover, Ed.; Cohen, Oscar P., Ed.

210

How and Why Do Teacher Credentials Matter for Student Achievement? Working Paper 2. Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education researchers and policymakers agree that teachers differ in terms of quality and that quality matters for student achievement. Despite prodigious amounts of research, however, debate still persists about the causal relationship between specific teacher credentials and student achievement. In this paper, we use a rich administrative data…

Clotfelter, Charles T.; Ladd, Helen F.; Vigdor, Jacob L.

2007-01-01

211

Developments with the Commission's Longitudinal Student Data System. Working Paper WP/06-07  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes the many uses of the California Postsecondary Education Commission's data system and describes work in progress on adding additional data elements. It describes how the Commission is using its Longitudinal Student Data System (LSDS) to examine the movement of students through California's public colleges and universities. The…

California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2006

2006-01-01

212

Community Perspectives on Student Volunteerism and Service Learning. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores community perceptions of students and faculty involved in service learning and campus outreach initiatives, examining how communities and campuses engage in service activities; how the service mission of higher education is perceived; whether service learning students help or hinder community agencies; and how partnerships…

Ward, Kelly; Vernon, Andrea

213

Using a storyboarding technique in the classroom to address end of life experiences in practice and engage student nurses in deeper reflection  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates the use of storyboarding within a classroom setting as a means of addressing end of life issues and engaging second year student nurses in creative, critical thinking and deeper reflection on practice.Storyboarding is a process that was developed to encourage learners to use the creative right brain and the critical left brain to formulate ideas in front

Sue Lillyman; Robin Gutteridge; Pat Berridge

2011-01-01

214

Using Paper-Based Diagnostics with High School Students To Model Forensic Investigation and Colorimetric Analysis  

E-print Network

Using Paper-Based Diagnostics with High School Students To Model Forensic Investigation Rozkiewicz, George M. Whitesides, and Kathryn A. Hollar Biology Department, Tyngsborough High School, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 87131 United States § Chemistry Department, Merrimack High School, Merrimack, New

215

Construction, Categorization, and Consensus: Student Generated Computational Artifacts as a Context for Disciplinary Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are increasing calls to prepare K-12 students to use computational tools and principles when exploring scientific or mathematical phenomena. The purpose of this paper is to explore whether and how constructionist computer-supported collaborative environments can explicitly engage students in this practice. The Categorizer is a…

Wilkerson-Jerde, Michelle Hoda

2014-01-01

216

Reflections by a student and a faculty member on student-faculty collaborative geophysical field research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

More and more students and faculty engage in collaborative research. Field geophysics provides a fascinating venue, as it always contributes to interpersonal relations, usually involves off-campus work, and often allows us to meet new people and explore a different culture. Tackling an authentic research problem keeps a faculty member excited about her/his discipline, while allowing a student to engage in the process of science, follow a researcher's thoughts and contribute to a real project. The exchange of ideas and the generation of new knowledge is rewarding to the student as it facilitates her/his academic growth. Despite the obvious advantages of including students in field-based research, few students are allowed such an opportunity because of the institutional commitment in time and money that is necessary for success. Other challenges in field-based geophysical research include steep learning curves related to the use of equipment, unknown outcomes (data that is often difficult to interpret), and a true commitment to the project on the student's part. The faculty member on the other hand faces additional challenges because of the responsibility for students in the field, scheduling constraints, limited funding, and students' diverse academic goals. This presentation will be given by a faculty member and a student who have engaged in various authentic research projects. Projects ranged from afternoon lab exercises on campus (eg, microgravity survey over a tunnel on campus), course projects connected to field trips (eg, magnetic study and subsequent potential field analysis), summer research projects (eg, georadar survey of Deboullie Lake rock glacier), to year-long undergraduate thesis projects (eg, potential field studies at igneous centres of the Navajo Volcanic Field). We will present highlights of these projects, examine their pedagogical merits, and discuss the advantages and rewards we earned as well as the challenges we faced. Despite all challenges, we find that the outcomes, the sense of accomplishment, the rich interpersonal exchange, and the intellectual as well as personal growth of students is well worth the effort that goes into planning and executing such projects. Our aim is to promote collaborative and authentic research, and to find out about creative ways to bring such an experience to a wider range of interested students.

Bank, C.; Rotzien, J.

2007-12-01

217

Old age is a part of living: student reflections on intergenerational service-learning.  

PubMed

Analysis of student journals examined the effect intergenerational service-learning had upon undergraduate students' attitudes and perceptions of older adults. Students (N = 102) engaged in 12 hours of service-learning with older adults that included writing structured reflection journals. Coding involved open, axial, and selective coding with common themes identified from the journals. Results revealed a positive attitude shift toward older adults over the course of the semester, greater comfort with the idea of aging, and a propensity to describe the experience as being personally and professionally influential in their own lives. Students also reported increased course understanding and a desire to continue volunteering. Implications for intergenerational service-learning are discussed. PMID:23362857

Kalisch, Hilary R; Coughlin, Deanna R; Ballard, Sharon M; Lamson, Angela

2013-01-01

218

Student learning outcomes associated with video vs. paper cases in a public health dentistry course.  

PubMed

Educational technologies such as video cases can improve health professions student learning outcomes, but few studies in dentistry have evaluated video-based technologies. The goal of this study was to compare outcomes associated with video and paper cases used in an introductory public health dentistry course. This was a retrospective cohort study with a historical control group. Based on dual coding theory, the authors tested the hypotheses that dental students who received a video case (n=37) would report better affective, cognitive, and overall learning outcomes than students who received a paper case (n=75). One-way ANOVA was used to test the hypotheses across ten cognitive, two affective, and one general assessment measures (?=0.05). Students in the video group reported a significantly higher overall mean effectiveness score than students in the paper group (4.2 and 3.3, respectively; p<0.001). Video cases were also associated with significantly higher mean scores across the remaining twelve measures and were effective in helping students achieve cognitive (e.g., facilitating good discussions, identifying public health problems, realizing how health disparities might impact their future role as dentists) and affective (e.g., empathizing with vulnerable individuals, appreciating how health disparities impact real people) goals. Compared to paper cases, video cases significantly improved cognitive, affective, and overall learning outcomes for dental students. PMID:24385521

Chi, Donald L; Pickrell, Jacqueline E; Riedy, Christine A

2014-01-01

219

Student perceptions of a community engagement experience: exploration of reflections on social responsibility and professional formation.  

PubMed

Physical therapy educators are challenged to emphasize the importance of social responsibility as a vital curricular element of professional development. Through reflection, students are able to identify core values, beliefs, and attitudes as part of the professional development process. The purpose of this study was to explore student perceptions and values of a community engagement experience based upon frequency of participation. This qualitative research report investigated student perceptions of the community experience following participation. Data collection tools included an open-ended questionnaire and focus group interviews. Comparisons were made across data for participants who engaged in the activity one time versus multiple times. Data analysis revealed participation in the community engagement experience had a positive impact on most participants. One time only participants demonstrated increased self-awareness, contemplating change, and capacity to serve while more than one time participants described a deeper understanding of community, impact on others, and professional transformation. Student involvement in community engagement activities combined with structured reflection provided meaningful insight into participants' personal beliefs. The results suggest incorporation of community-based learning experiences into academic curriculum may be beneficial in the students' preliminary understanding of social responsibility. PMID:20946070

Furze, Jennifer; Black, Lisa; Peck, Kirk; Jensen, Gail M

2011-08-01

220

Promoting medical students' reflection on competencies to advance a global health equities curriculum  

PubMed Central

Background The move to frame medical education in terms of competencies – the extent to which trainees “can do” a professional responsibility - is congruent with calls for accountability in medical education. However, the focus on competencies might be a poor fit with curricula intended to prepare students for responsibilities not emphasized in traditional medical education. This study examines an innovative approach to the use of potential competency expectations related to advancing global health equity to promote studentsreflections and to inform curriculum development. Methods In 2012, 32 medical students were admitted into a newly developed Global Health and Disparities (GHD) Path of Excellence. The GHD program takes the form of mentored co-curricular activities built around defined competencies related to professional development and leadership skills intended to ameliorate health disparities in medically underserved settings, both domestically and globally. Students reviewed the GHD competencies from two perspectives: a) their ability to perform the identified competencies that they perceived themselves as holding as they began the GHD program and b) the extent to which they perceived that their future career would require these responsibilities. For both sets of assessments the response scale ranged from “Strongly Disagree” to “Strongly Agree.” Wilcoxon’s paired T-tests compared individual students’ ordinal rating of their current level of ability to their perceived need for competence that they anticipated their careers would require. Statistical significance was set at p?Students’ ratings ranged from “strongly disagree” to “strongly agree” that they could perform the defined GHD-related competencies. However, on most competencies, at least 50 % of students indicated that the stated competencies were beyond their present ability level. For each competency, the results of Wilcoxon paired T-tests indicate – at statistically significant levels - that students perceive more need in their careers for GHD-program defined competencies than they currently possess. Conclusion This study suggests congruence between student and program perceptions of the scope of practice required for GHD. Students report the need for enhanced skill levels in the careers they anticipate. This approach to formulating and reflecting on competencies will guide the program’s design of learning experiences aligned with students’ career goals. PMID:24886229

2014-01-01

221

Going Green and Using Less Paper to Print Exams: Student Performance, Completion Time, and Preference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies measured the impact on student exam performance and exam completion time of strategies aimed to reduce the amount of paper used for printing multiple-choice course exams. Study 1 compared single-sided to double-sided printed exams. Study 2 compared a single-column arrangement of multiple-choice answer options to a space (and paper)…

O'Connor, Kevin J.

2014-01-01

222

Wealth, Cost, and the Undergraduate Student Experience at Large Public Research Universities. SERU Project and Consortium Research Paper. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE 13.11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relying primarily on the responses of a proportionally weighted sample of undergraduate students attending eighteen major public research universities (N greater than 300K, responses from greater than 130K, n greater than 40K) that are part of the Student Experience in the Research University Consortium, this paper concludes that students from…

Chatman, Steve

2011-01-01

223

Comparison of student performance using web and paper-based homework in college-level physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homework gives students an opportunity to practice important college-level physics skills. A switch to Web-based homework alters the nature of feedback received, potentially changing the pedagogical benefit. Calculus- and algebra-based introductory physics students enrolled in large paired lecture sections at a public university completed homework of standard end-of-the-chapter exercises using either the Web or paper. Comparison of their performances on

Scott W. Bonham; Duane L. Deardorff; Robert J. Beichner

2003-01-01

224

Conceptual Underpinnings of Students' Ability to Understand Reflections from a Plane Mirror  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this paper we explore students' pre-instruction knowledge of several conceptual and procedural pieces of knowledge that we believe are prerequisite to one's ability to generate correct light ray diagrams and understand image formation by a plane mirror. The research population is an algebra-based, introductory physics class of about 50 students at a medium-sized, urban, public university. Both individual interviews and written free response questions were used to gather data.

Cummings, Karen; Grillo, Edward

2009-11-30

225

Reflections on urban science teacher-student self-efficacy dynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This forum article consists of commentaries—authored by Sumi Hagiwara, Maria S. Rivera Maulucci and Lizette Ramos—on the feature article by Virginia Jennings Bolshakova, Carla C. Johnson, and Charlene M. Czerniak. We reflect on a series of questions that take retrospective, introspective, and prospective views of self-efficacy in science education. We review selected studies that explore some of the historical developments and methodological approaches in the literature and examine a teacher-student self-efficacy system model that shows the ways in which teachers' and students' self-efficacy judgments are based upon multiple individual and shared components, such as identity and social interaction within the classroom and school. We close with a call for the design of measures of teacher-student self-efficacy systems, so that we can begin to tailor professional development experiences to the goals and motivations of individual and collective groups of teachers and students in ways that accommodate the unique cultural features of their classrooms and foster student self-efficacy.

Hagiwara, Sumi; Maulucci, Maria S. Rivera; Ramos, S. Lizette

2011-12-01

226

Guideline for Reading assignment and Term paper There is no specific format for the reading assignment or the term paper that students should follow.  

E-print Network

Guideline for Reading assignment and Term paper There is no specific format for the reading must be described in the reading assignment (or term paper) by their own words. Students do not need in the papers Contribution and/or the novel technique of the papers, etc. 2. How effectively the reading

Oh, JungHwan

227

Accounting ethics education: Integrating reflective learning and virtue ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explains the use of reflective learning techniques to create and deliver a new ethics course. Students apply virtue-based reasoning with reflective thinking to resolve conflicts faced by accounting professionals. Teaching techniques include class discussion, minute papers, reflection journals, role playing, and case analysis. Students express their thoughts orally and in written form, interact with other students, receive feedback

Steven M. Mintz

2006-01-01

228

We could have done a better job: a qualitative study of medical student reflections on safe hospital discharge.  

PubMed

Because safe transitions of care are critical to patient safety, it is important to prepare physician trainees to assist in patient transitions from the hospital. As part of a discharge skills workshop for medical students, a brief reflective exercise was used to understand student perceptions of discharge problems and encourage application of classroom learning. Written reflections completed before and after the workshop were analyzed qualitatively to identify barriers to discharge observed on clinical clerkships and evaluate how the discharge skills workshop influenced student understanding of safe discharges. Students also completed a quantitative evaluation of the workshop. Seventy-eight of the 96 students (81%) at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine who participated in the discharge skills workshop volunteered to submit their written reflections. Eighteen themes were identified within two domains (barriers to safe discharges and solutions to improve discharges). The most commonly cited barrier was the sense that the discharge was rushed or premature. Three of the barrier themes and six of the solution themes were related to the importance of communication and collaboration in safe discharges. Students reported that the reflective exercise personalized the learning experience (mean 3.27 ± 0.86 on a scale of 1 (not at all) to 4 (a lot)). Students observed barriers to safe discharges on their clerkships related to poor communication, insufficient time spent planning discharges, and lack of patient education. Brief reflection encouraged students to apply lessons learned in a didactic session to consider solutions for providing safer patient care. PMID:24697755

Block, Lauren; Morgan-Gouveia, Melissa; Levine, Rachel B; Cayea, Danelle

2014-06-01

229

Benefits of teaching medical students how to communicate with patients having serious illness: comparison of two approaches to experiential, skill-based, and self-reflective learning.  

PubMed

Innovative approaches are needed to teach medical students effective and compassionate communication with seriously ill patients. We describe two such educational experiences in the Yale Medical School curriculum for third-year medical students: 1) Communicating Difficult News Workshop and 2) Ward-Based End-of-Life Care Assignment. These two programs address educational needs to teach important clinical communication and assessment skills to medical students that previously were not consistently or explicitly addressed in the curriculum. The two learning programs share a number of educational approaches driven by the learning objectives, the students' development, and clinical realities. Common educational features include: experiential learning, the Biopsychosocial Model, patient-centered communication, integration into clinical clerkships, structured skill-based learning, self-reflection, and self-care. These shared features - as well as some differences - are explored in this paper in order to illustrate key issues in designing and implementing medical student education in these areas. PMID:22737055

Ellman, Matthew S; Fortin, Auguste H

2012-06-01

230

Preparing to care for an aging population: medical student reflections on their clinical mentors within a new geriatrics curriculum.  

PubMed

Reflective writing techniques such as journaling help provide insights into the process by which medical students are mentored and develop into practicing physicians. The authors sought to analyze medical students' journals regarding their mentored experiences within a new geriatrics curriculum at a U.S. medical school. Thirty preclinical and clinical medical student journalers participated in this project. The authors employed qualitative analytic techniques using an interdisciplinary team process. Three major themes emerged: (a) exposure to clinical mentors challenged medical students' preconceptions regarding older adults and geriatric medicine; (b) students learned new medical knowledge and techniques from observing their mentors; and (c) students provided positive and negative assessments of their mentors. Reflective journaling provides important insights into the process by which medical students draw upon mentored clinical experiences during their training. Such mentorship may be particularly relevant to promoting their interest in geriatrics. PMID:24138182

Farrell, Timothy W; Shield, Renée R; Wetle, Terrie; Nanda, Aman; Campbell, Susan

2013-01-01

231

The Effects of Open Enrollment on School Choice and Student Outcomes. Working Paper 26  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes households' response to the introduction of intra-district school choice and examines the impact of exercising this choice on student test scores in Pinellas County Schools, one of the largest school districts in the United States. Households react strongly to the incentives created by such programs, leading to significant…

Ozek, Umut

2009-01-01

232

Explaining the Divergence between Student Numbers and Hours, 2002 to 2007. Technical Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information on the divergence between student numbers and delivery hours for the period 2002 to 2007 is provided in this technical paper. The change in hours from one year to the next is decomposed into three effects, one of which is "hours inflation", whereby nominal hours increase over time for the same unit of competency or module. Here we show…

Karmel, Tom; Mlotkowski, Peter

2009-01-01

233

Citation Behavior of Undergraduate Students: A Study of History, Political Science, and Sociology Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this analysis was to obtain local citation behavior data on undergraduates researching history, political science, and sociology papers. The study found that students cited books and journals even with the availability of web sources; however, usage varied by subject. References to specific websites' domains also varied across subject…

Hendley, Michelle

2012-01-01

234

SOCIOLOGY PH.D CANDIDATE WILLIAM WOOD WINS ASA BEST STUDENT PAPER AWARD  

E-print Network

" examines notions of territoriality and space and calls for a stronger sociological examinationSOCIOLOGY PH.D CANDIDATE WILLIAM WOOD WINS ASA BEST STUDENT PAPER AWARD CHESTNUT HILL, MA (June 11, 2007) -- Sociology doctoral candidate William Wood has been awarded the 2007 Edward Shils-James Coleman

Huang, Jianyu

235

Students' Performance and Satisfaction with Web vs. Paper-Based Practice Quizzes and Lecture Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of computers to deliver course-related materials is rapidly expanding in most universities. Yet the effects of computer vs. printed delivery modes on students' performance and motivation are not yet fully known. We compared the impacts of Web vs. paper to deliver practice quizzes that require information search in lecture notes. Hundred…

Macedo-Rouet, Monica; Ney, Muriel; Charles, Sandrine; Lallich-Boidin, Genevieve

2009-01-01

236

Who Leaves? Teacher Attrition and Student Achievement. NBER Working Paper No. 14022  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Almost a quarter of entering public-school teachers leave teaching within their first three years. High attrition would be particularly problematic if those leaving were the more able teachers. The goal of this paper is estimate the extent to which there is differential attrition based on teachers' value-added to student achievement. Using data…

Boyd, Donald; Grossman, Pam; Lankford, Hamilton; Loeb, Susanna; Wyckoff, James

2008-01-01

237

Fostering Student Retention and Success at the Community College. Policy Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper, which focuses on student retention and success at community colleges, is part of a series published by the Center for Community College Policy, designed to support state and local policymakers, as well as educational leaders who are interested in policy issues related to the two-year postsecondary sector. Approximately half of the…

Palmer, James

238

The Alaska Statewide Student Testing Program: Are the Tests Biased? AK-ERA White Paper #1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addressing concerns of some Alaska educators and parents about the fairness of the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS), this paper clarifies what can be expected of norm-referenced tests and examines the extent to which the results of the Alaska Statewide Student Assessment may be affected by test bias. Although some test items may ask questions…

Judith Kleinfield; And Others

239

Measuring Aversion to Debt: An Experiment among Student Loan Candidates. Policy Research Working Paper 5737  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the results of an experiment designed to test for the presence of debt aversion. The population who participated in the experiment were recent financial aid candidates and the experiment focused on student loans. The goal is to shed new light on different aspects of the perceptions with respect to debt. These perceptions can…

Caetano, Gregorio; Patrinos, Harry A.; Palacios, Miguel

2011-01-01

240

Self-regulated learning during a clinical preceptorship: the reflections of senior baccalaureate nursing students.  

PubMed

This research was conducted to test the efficacy of audiotapes as a method of recording reflections of senior baccalaureate nursing students in a clinical preceptorship. The over-all aim of the research was to promote cognitive and metacognitive thinking processes with self-regulated learning strategies for problem solving in clinical situations. Verbal protocol technique revealed a consistent use of self-regulated learning strategies with a focus on environmental structuring for metacognitive activities. Common themes of thought were found in both clinical experiences and the use of critical thinking skills. PMID:16430002

Kuiper, RuthAnne

2005-01-01

241

Can Inquiry and Reflection be Contagious? Science Teachers, Students, and Action Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study reports the transformations of 3 science teachers who conducted action research projects following a model, unique to our graduate program, which follows the theoretical tenets of adult and transformative learning theory. Teachers video their teaching, engage in weekly peer group collaborative reflection sessions, collaborate with students, and consult with other sources to identify goals for improving their teaching practices, develop action plans, and analyze the results of their actions. As a result of this process, all 3 teachers changed their pedagogical approach from a teacher centered textbook driven approach to a student centered inquiry based approach. Implications of using this model as a powerful means of professional development for science teachers are explored.

Lebak, Kimberly; Tinsley, Ron

2010-12-01

242

Student Teachers' Reflections on Prior Experiences of Learning Geography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary geography education is an important part of initial teacher education. The importance of prior experiences in the development of student teachers has long been recognised and there is growing evidence of the nature of those experiences in areas such as geography. This paper reports the findings of research conducted with one cohort of…

Dolan, Anne M.; Waldron, Fionnuala; Pike, Susan; Greenwood, Richard

2014-01-01

243

Students' Self-Evaluation and Reflection Part 2: An Empirical Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to demonstrate that students' self-evaluations contribute to improving academic results and life skills. Design/methodology/approach: Taking as reference a group of previously validated scales (part 1: measurement), a causal model is developed. Hypotheses are tested through the structural equations methodology by using the…

Cambra-Fierro, Jesus; Cambra-Berdun, Jesus

2007-01-01

244

Putting "Maori" in the Mainstream: Student Teachers' Reflections of a Culturally Relevant Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on student teachers' experiences of an education program that was explicitly designed to be grounded in both Kaupapa Maori and mainstream pedagogy. This program started from the Kaupapa Maori view to be Maori as Maori. This was then supported by mainstream epistemology of New Zealand focused good teaching practice. A Kaupapa…

Sexton, Steven S.

2011-01-01

245

Student Comments and Reflections on Business Contexts--A Teaching Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students of business administration in polytechnic higher education are faced with management content that can present specific difficulties when it refers to organisational contexts with which they are generally unfamiliar. This paper examines the way in which a learning and assessment methodology aimed at promoting "proximity" to subjects and…

Seabra, Fernando Miguel; Rodrigues, Jorge Jose Martins; Costa, Maria Teresa

2009-01-01

246

Exploring the Impact of Integrated Fieldwork, Reflective and Metacognitive Experiences on Student Environmental Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the important role of providing fieldwork experiences for students in the natural environment is now well-established within environmental education literature, there is still little research evidence to guide teachers in their choice of effective teaching strategies. This paper presents findings from an interpretive case study designed…

Ballantyne, Roy; Anderson, David; Packer, Jan

2010-01-01

247

Student-Teachers' Ability to Read Nature: Reflections on their Own Learning in Ecology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses student-teachers' ability to "read nature" in a woodland habitat before and after a 10-week ecology course. "Reading nature" is our definition of the ability to observe, describe and explain basic ecology in the field. Data consists of field-based pre-course and post-course interviews followed up by metacognitive interviews…

Magntorn, Ola; Hellden, Gustav

2005-01-01

248

The "Silencing" of the Lambs: How Latino Students Lose Their "Voice" in School. ISRI Working Paper No. 31.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the relationship between Latino students' identity formation and their interpretations of the connection between schooling and career. Autobiographies were written by 47 Mexican American and Puerto Rican students at the end of grade 8, and again by 27 of the same students during grade 11. Virtually all students were from poor…

Quiroz, Pamela Anne

249

Validation of a Method for Measuring Medical Students' Critical Reflections on Professionalism in Gross Anatomy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improving professional attitudes and behaviors requires critical self reflection. Research on reflection is necessary to understand professionalism among medical students. The aims of this prospective validation study at the Mayo Medical School and Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine were: (1) to develop and validate a new instrument for…

Wittich, Christopher M.; Pawlina, Wojciech; Drake, Richard L.; Szostek, Jason H.; Reed, Darcy A.; Lachman, Nirusha; McBride, Jennifer M.; Mandrekar, Jayawant N.; Beckman, Thomas J.

2013-01-01

250

Reflective Behaviors under a Web-Based Portfolio Assessment Environment for High School Students in a Computer Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research attempted to categorize reflection in a Web-based portfolio assessment using the Chinese Word Segmenting System (CWSS). Another aim of this research was to explore reflective performance in which individual differences were further examined. Participants were 45 eight-grade students from a junior high school taking a computer course.…

Chang, Chi-Cheng; Chen, Cheng-Chuan; Chen, Yi-Hui

2012-01-01

251

Using Digital and Paper Diaries for Assessment and Learning Purposes in Higher Education: A Case of Critical Reflection or Constrained Compliance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second of two papers based on a study of how digital and paper diaries contribute to students' understanding of the processes of their learning within their academic disciplines. The purpose of the study was to use diary writing as a vehicle by which we would try and comprehend how students both make sense of assessment feedback and…

Gleaves, Alan; Walker, Caroline; Grey, John

2008-01-01

252

Reflection as a Means of Understanding: Ways in Which Confucian Heritage Students Learn and Understand Organisational Behaviour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To provide an understanding of the ways in which Confucian Heritage students use reflection as a means of learning at university. Design/methodology/approach: The approach is an exploratory qualitative study into the ways in which Confucian Heritage students learn while studying at university. Data are collected by means of…

Haller, Coralie; Fisher, Ron; Gapp, Rod

2007-01-01

253

The Effect of Reflective Discussions following Inquiry-Based Laboratory Activities on Students' Views of Nature of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigated the effect of reflective discussions following inquiry-based laboratory activities on students' views of the tentative, empirical, subjective, and social aspects of nature of science (NOS). Thirty-eight grade six students from a Lebanese school participated in the study. The study used a pretest-posttest control-group…

Yacoubian, Hagop A.; BouJaoude, Saouma

2010-01-01

254

Effect of the Level of Inquiry of Lab Experiments on General Chemistry Students' Written Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The central goal of this exploratory study was to characterize the effects of experiments involving different levels of inquiry on the nature of college students' written reflections about laboratory work. Data were collected in the form of individual lab reports written using a science writing heuristic template by a subset of the students

Xu, Haozhi; Talanquer, Vincente

2013-01-01

255

Reflective Journals of Students Taking a Positive Youth-Development Course in a University Context in Hong Kong  

PubMed Central

To promote the holistic development of university students, a course entitled “Tomorrow's Leaders” was developed and offered at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Based on a case study approach, reflective journals of five outstanding students of the course are presented and analyzed (i.e., thick description), with several themes emerging from the reflection. First, the students liked the course, and they identified many positive attributes. Second, the students appreciated the instructors. Third, the students viewed that the course contributed to different aspects of their development. Fourth, some areas of improvements were proposed. In conjunction with other evaluation mechanisms, the present findings strongly suggest that the course is able to promote psychosocial competencies in university students taking this course. PMID:22973167

Shek, Daniel T. L.; Wu, Florence K. Y.

2012-01-01

256

Comparison of student performance using web and paper-based homework in college-level physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Web-based homework is becoming widespread practice in physics and other technical courses, primarily for logistical and economic reasons. Although people argue whether this is a positive or negative development for student learning, there is limited research assessing the pedagogical effect of changing the medium from written, hand-graded homework to web submitted, computer-graded work. Towards this end, we assessed student performance with web homework and with traditional paper homework in a realistic classroom setting for large enrollment service courses. One of two nearly identical sections of introductory physics received paper-based, hand-graded homework while the other received the standard web-based homework, and we compared the two groups on conceptual and problem-solving performance measures. We conducted this experiment two times, once in a calculus-based course and once in an algebra based course. No significant differences in student performance were found that could be attributed to the homework method used. This work was supported by the Spencer Foundation and the National Science Foundation under grant 9714546.

Bonham, Scott W.; Beichner, Robert J.; Deardorff, Duane

2005-10-11

257

Reflectance Spectra  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Katherine McCarville, Upper Iowa University Summary Students use the ALTA reflectance spectrometer to understand concepts in active vs. passive remote sensing, reflectance, and the creation and relevance of ...

Mccarville, Katherine

258

Developing Students' Reflections on the Function and Status of Mathematical Modeling in Different Scientific Practices: History as a Provider of Cases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mathematical models and mathematical modeling play different roles in the different areas and problems in which they are used. The function and status of mathematical modeling and models in the different areas depend on the scientific practice as well as the underlying philosophical and theoretical position held by the modeler(s) and the practitioners in the extra-mathematical domain. For students to experience the significance of different scientific practices and cultures for the function and status of mathematical modeling in other sciences, students need to be placed in didactical situations where such differences are exposed and made into explicit objects of their reflections. It can be difficult to create such situations in the teaching of contemporary science in which modeling is part of the culture. In this paper we show how history can serve as a means for students to be engaged in situations in which they can experience and be challenged to reflect upon and criticize, the use of modeling and the significance of the context for the function and status of modeling and models in scientific practices. We present Nicolas Rashevsky's model of cell division from the 1930s together with a discussion of disagreement between him and some biologists as one such episode from the past. We illustrate how a group of science students at Roskilde University, through their work with this historical case, experienced that different scientific cultures have different opinions of the value of a model as an instrument for gaining scientific knowledge; that the explanatory power of a model is linked not only to the context of its use, but also to the underlying philosophical and theoretical position held by the modeler(s) and the scientists discussing the model and its use. The episode's potential to challenge students to reflect upon and criticize the modeling process and the function of models in an extra mathematical domain is discussed with respect to the notions of internal and external reflections.

Kjeldsen, Tinne Hoff; Blomhøj, Morten

2013-09-01

259

Effect of extracurricular geriatric medicine training: a model based on student reflections on healthcare delivery to elderly people.  

PubMed

Although many professional and accrediting bodies have identified competencies for medical students pertaining to caring for older patients, including understanding the basics of the healthcare delivery system, the highly structured curriculum in medical school provides few opportunities for these competencies to be achieved. One possible solution is to let students participate in geriatrics-related extracurricular educational and clinical activities and ask them to reflect on their experiences. This article presents the results of a qualitative analysis of student reflections from participating in such a program implemented at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. One hundred thirty of 321 student journal entries (collected over 3 academic years) containing any mention of the healthcare system were qualitatively analyzed. The themes and resulting model that emerged from the data includes three distinct levels of healthcare delivery: individual, organizational, and systems. Each level is presented and explained using illustrative student quotes. As a whole, the model indicates that students in this innovative extracurricular experience gained important knowledge about how medical care is provided to elderly people. The model developed may provide additional structure for future medical students as they reflect on their early encounters with the complex health and social forces affecting the quality of care received by older adults. PMID:18179485

Goldenhar, Linda M; Margolin, E Gordon; Warshaw, Gregg

2008-03-01

260

Student Services. Responding to Issues and Challenges. The Fifth Compendium of Papers by Student Services Officers of The University of North Carolina. June 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles by student affairs officers of The University of North Carolina focus on the theme of improving the quality of life for students during their time on campus. Programs, research, and thought being carried forward by student affairs professionals in North Carolina are noted. The 17 papers are as follows: (1) "A University System Response to…

North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. General Administration.

261

An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Turnitin.Com as a Tool for Reducing Plagiarism in Graduate Student Term Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Plagiarism is a continual problem in academia. Plagiarism-detection tools like Turnitin have been used for nearly ten years to help university faculty and administration combat this form of cheating (turnitin.com). This paper evaluates the difference in plagiarism levels in graduate-student term papers when students are not provided access to…

Baker, Russell K.; Thornton, Barry; Adams, Michael

2008-01-01

262

University Students' Perceptions of Web-Based vs. Paper-Based Homework in a General Physics Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of this study was to determine students' perceptions toward web-based versus paper-based homework and identify any differences based on homework performance score and grade point average. A 21-item perception of online vs. paper-based homework survey was administered to 103 students (54 were male and 49 were female) in general…

Demirci, Neset

2007-01-01

263

Reflections on foreign language study for students with language learning problems: research, issues and challenges.  

PubMed

The study of foreign language (FL) learning for individuals who have found learning to read and write in their first language extremely problematic has been an under-researched area throughout the world. Since the 1980s, Leonore Ganschow and Richard Sparks have conducted pioneering research into the nature of difficulties, why they are encountered and how they can be minimized. In this paper the authors trace the development of their research on foreign language difficulties for students with language learning problems. They provide a summary of their findings and suggest new questions and directions for the field. PMID:10840509

Ganschow, L; Sparks, R L

2000-01-01

264

Addressing the learning needs of multidisciplinary students at a distance using a virtual learning environment (VLE): A novice teacher reflects.  

PubMed

This paper analyses the experience of one individual in the development and delivery of an innovative, undergraduate leadership development module. The module is accessed by practising health care professionals in Malaysia as part of a top-up Honours Degree and is delivered solely using a virtual learning environment (VLE), in this case Blackboard. The aim of this analysis is to contribute to the current body of knowledge regarding the use of VLE technology to facilitate learning at a distance. Of particular relevance is the paper's focus on: the drivers for e-learning; widening participation and increasing access; the experience of designing and delivering learning of relevance for this contemporary student population and evaluating the VLE experience/module. The development and delivery of this module is one result of a rapidly growing area of education. As a novice teacher in her first year in the higher education sector, this experience was a significant and stimulating challenge for a number of reasons and these are explored in greater depth. This is achieved by means of personal reflection using the phases of module development and delivery as a focus. PMID:19040861

Janes, Gillian

2006-03-01

265

Reflective writing as a tool for assessing teamwork in bioscience: insights into student performance and understanding of teamwork.  

PubMed

To ensure a modern bioscience curriculum that responds to the current needs of stakeholders, there is a need to embed a range of generic capabilities that enables graduates to succeed in and contribute to a rapidly changing world, as well as building strong bioscience skills and knowledge. The curriculum must also prepare students for a rapidly evolving competitive work place and align with the needs of industry. This creates a challenge, how do we develop generic capabilities without losing discipline content. This report analyses teamwork projects embedded in an undergraduate Biotechnology degree designed to promote teamwork skills along with a deeper understanding of the underpinning biochemistry. Student reflective writing was used to capture students' understanding and experience of teamwork as well as provide insight into their metacognition. The analysis demonstrates that 73% of Year 3 and 93% of Year 4 students were capable of learning about teamwork through reflective writing. While the importance of frequent high quality communication was a common theme, evidence suggests that many students were unsophisticated in their use of communication software. The analysis also highlighted the depth of metacognition that underpins successful team function and the significant weaknesses in self-insight some students possess. These findings challenge assumptions regarding student capacity for leadership and the ability of some students to contribute to successful team outcomes. It is essential for the design of teamwork experiences to fully understand the competencies that underlie teamwork, the metacognitive processes required, and ensure that assessments are fair and measure individual academic performance. PMID:22807426

Mayne, Lynne

2012-07-01

266

Reflections of students graduating from a transforming medical curriculum in South Africa: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background The six year medical programme at the University of the Witwatersrand admits students into the programme through two routes – school entrants and graduate entrants. Graduates join the school entrants in the third year of study in a transformed curriculum called the Graduate Entry Medical Programme (GEMP). In years I and 2 of the GEMP, the curriculum is structured into system based blocks. Problem-based learning, using a three session format, is applied in these two years. The curriculum adopts a biopsychosocial approach to health care, which is implemented through spiral teaching and learning in four main themes – basic and clinical sciences, patient-doctor, community- doctor and personal and professional development. In 2010 this programme produced its fifth cohort of graduates. Methods We undertook a qualitative, descriptive and contextual study to explore the graduating students’ perceptions of the programme. Interviews were conducted with a total of 35 participants who volunteered to participate in the study. The majority of the participants interviewed participated in focus group discussions. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically, using Tesch’s eight steps. Ethics approval for the study was obtained from the Human Research Ethics Committee of the University of the Witwatersrand. Participants provided written consent to participate in the interviews and for the interviews to be audio-taped. Results Six themes were identified. These were: two separate programmes, problem-based learning and Garmins® (navigation system), see patients for real, being seen as doctors, assessment: of mice and MCQ’s, a cry for support and personal growth and pride. Participants were vocal in their reflections of experiences encountered during the programme and made several insightful suggestions for curriculum transformation. The findings suggest that graduates are exiting the programme confident and ready to begin their internships. Conclusions The findings of this study have identified a number of areas which need attention in the curriculum. Specifically attention needs to be given to ensuring that assessment is standardized; student support structures and appropriate levels of teaching. The study demonstrated the value of qualitative methods in obtaining students’ perceptions of a curriculum. PMID:22742710

2012-01-01

267

Analyzing self-reflection by Computer Science students to identify bad study habits: Self-reflection performed by students of programming courses on the study habits and skills acquired through b-learning supported by an automatic judge  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present some preliminary results and the main conclusions of a study that we conducted at the University of Algarve, for one of the programming courses in the first year of the Computer Science degree at the University of Algarve. We analyzed the self-reflections made by the students about their study habits and about the skills they acquired in the

Filomena Sustelo; Pedro Guerreiro

2010-01-01

268

What Satisfies Students? Mining Student-Opinion Data with Regression and Decision-Tree Analysis. AIR 2002 Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To investigate how students' characteristics and experiences affect satisfaction, this study used regression and decision-tree analysis with the CHAID algorithm to analyze student opinion data from a sample of 1,783 college students. A data-mining approach identifies the specific aspects of students' university experience that most influence three…

Thomas, Emily H.; Galambos, Nora

269

Student Reflection and Reading Reports in Service Learning: An Analysis of a Service Learning Course at Pace University, New York  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes both reading and reflection reports assigned in a service learning course taught at Pace University during the Fall 2004 and Spring 2005 semesters. The reading re- ports were based on instructor-selected articles, poems and speeches. The reflection reports took the form of written reports, graphic presentations, video documentaries, and pieces of artwork. Both components of the course

Andrea S. Taylor

270

The Uses of Student Market Segmentation Techniques in College Recruitment. AIR Forum Paper 1978.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student market segmentation separates prospective college students into subgroups with similar characteristics, the most commonly used being geography, demography, attitudes, and behavior. Recruitment efforts can then focus on student segments similar to the present student body or on other students that might be attracted. The goal is to make…

Spiro, Louis M.

271

UP CLOSE AND PERSONAL: WEEKLY REFLECTIVE JOURNALING REVEALS PERCEPTIONS OF FCS STUDENT TEACHERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the perceptions of family and consumer sciences student teachers as they experienced 15 weeks of student teaching. The objectives were to identify the significant events experienced by the student teachers, feelings perceived by the student teachers, and sources of feedback and support the student teachers received. Prior literature identified important components

Colleen Kvaska; Margaret E. Lichty

272

The Child and World Order: Reflections on International Year of the Child. The Whole Earth Papers, No. 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflection upon childrens' rights and needs and upon society's values with regard to children has been stimulated by the United Nation's designation of 1979 as the International Year of the Child (IYC). Conflicting images related to children and childhood have emerged as a result of this increased concern with young people. These include that…

Reardon, Betty

273

The committee for advanced therapies' of the European Medicines Agency reflection paper on management of clinical risks deriving from insertional mutagenesis.  

PubMed

In the European Union, the Committee for Advanced Therapies of the European Medicines Agency takes the lead in the scientific assessment for marketing authorization applications for advanced therapy medicinal products, which include gene therapy medicinal products, somatic cell therapy medicinal products, and tissue-engineered products. The Committee for Advanced Therapies also takes the lead in defining the scientific framework for the quality, nonclinical and clinical development of such products. This reflection paper represents the Committee's current thinking on management of clinical risks deriving from insertional mutagenesis. A multidisciplinary approach to insertional mutagenesis is provided. This reflection paper has been adopted by the committee in its April 2013 meeting. PMID:23862696

Aiuti, Alessandro; Cossu, Giulio; de Felipe, Pablo; Galli, Maria Cristina; Narayanan, Gopalan; Renner, Matthias; Stahlbom, Axel; Schneider, Christian K; Voltz-Girolt, Caroline

2013-06-01

274

Analysis of the Reflections of Student-Teachers of Mathematics When Working with Learning Portfolios in Spanish University Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research in teacher-training counsels that reflection should be fostered in order to prepare capable professionals for educational practice. For this reason, a teaching-learning process for training mathematics student-teachers in Spanish university classrooms incorporating an assessment system that included keeping a learning portfolio was…

Chamoso, J. M.; Caceres, M. J.

2009-01-01

275

The Reflective Online Searching Skills (ROSS) Environment: embedding information literacy into student learning through an online environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Reflective Online Searching Skills (ROSS) Environment is an e-learning tool that fosters the development of student skill and knowledge in online searching. It was developed with the support of Faculty of Information Technology and the Teaching and Learning Support Services at the Queensland University of Technology (QUT). In 2007 ROSS is being developed for use within the first year

Helen Partridge; Sylvia Edwards; Andrew Baker; Lynn McAllister

2008-01-01

276

Perceived Ideological Bias in the College Classroom and the Role of Student Reflective Thinking: A Proposed Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tests a model of students' reflective thinking, perceived ideological bias among university faculty, and reactions to ideological bias in the college classroom. Participants were 187 undergraduates who completed the Reasoning About Current Issues Questionnaire and the Political Bias in the Classroom Survey. Structural equation modeling…

Linvill, Darren L.; Mazer, Joseph P.

2011-01-01

277

Stopping Students from Cheating: Halting the Activities of Term-Paper Mills and Enforcing Disciplinary Sanctions against Students Who Purchase Term Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College administrators may use state and federal law and disciplinary policy to prevent selling and/or purchasing prefabricated term papers. The federal government may enjoin term-paper companies' activities involving use of the mails for fraudulent purposes. States may enjoin sale of term papers violating education or criminal codes. (MSE)

Capano, Kathleen M.

1991-01-01

278

The Academic Consequences of Employment for Students Enrolled in Community College. CCRC Working Paper No. 46  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students are increasingly combining studying with paid employment, and community college students tend to work even longer hours compared with students at four-year colleges. Yet, there is little evidence on the academic consequences of community college students' term-time employment. Using a rare administrative dataset from Washington…

Dadgar, Mina

2012-01-01

279

WHAT WERE THEY THINKING? ASSESSING CRITICAL REFLECTION IN ASIAN EFL STUDENTS' PORTFOLIOS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Asian students have been said to be weaker in critical thinking comparing with their western counterparts due to cultural and environmental reasons. However, recent literature has challenged this perception, suggesting Asian students are as analytical as the western students. Despite more research has shown that Asian students are capable in higher-order thinking, little has been done to investigate what they

Ya-fen Lo

280

The Effects of Current and Alternative Intra-District Allocation Procedures on Coverage of Disadvantaged Students. Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objectives of this paper were to examine the effects of current school and student selection procedures on the proportions of student groups that have access to and/or receive Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I services and to explore the effects of actual and simulated alternative procedures on these proportions. Data from school…

Hennessy, Michael; And Others

281

Call for Submissions The Anthropology department is pleased to invite students to submit papers for the 2013 Brazil Abroad  

E-print Network

1 Call for Submissions The Anthropology department is pleased to invite studentsFen for an anthropology course or a closely related course for considera>on. Papers should understanding of anthropological topics and presents original discussion of subject ma

Holland, Jeffrey

282

Web-Based vs. Paper-Based Homework to Evaluate Students' Performance in Introductory Physics Courses and Students' Perceptions: Two Years Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of this study was to assess and compare undergraduate students' homework performance using a web-based testing system with paper-based, hand-graded one in introductory physics courses. Students' perceptions about each method were then investigated. Every semester during the two-year period, one of the two identical sections of…

Demirci, Neset

2010-01-01

283

More than Paper Load: What Does All This Student Work Tell Us?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Having faculty collaborative teams to evaluate student works is proposed in this article. The standards related to content and performance of student works should be agreed among team members. Team members should also be willing to implement change.

Garrison, Catherine

2006-02-01

284

Smaller Classes and Student Achievement: Three Papers Exploring the Class Size Effect  

E-print Network

This dissertation analyzes the effect of smaller classes on student performance using student-level test score data from the state of Texas, focusing on three specific issues: heterogeneity in the returns to smaller classes across a score...

Collins, Courtney

2011-08-08

285

Reflecting on teaching through reflective service-learning: a pedagogical journey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the process of developing a revising service-learning component in an undergraduate psychology and family consumer science course through a reflective process of continual modification. Service-learning can be an effective pedagogical tool if it involves reflection, but facilitating student reflection can be challenging. Reflection upon student learning drove continual modification of the service-learning component over the course of

Sarah K. Sifers

2012-01-01

286

Meaningful Work: How the History Research Paper Prepares Students for College and Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many elementary teachers teach students to write, but this writing tends to focus only on students writing about themselves or writing short stories. Because students do not spend enough time in the early grades reading nonfiction in science and history, they lack the knowledge--of both content and the nature of nonfiction writing--necessary to…

Fitzhugh, Will

2012-01-01

287

An Internet-Based Summer Student Survey. AIR 2001 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A five-question Web-based summer school survey was designed to measure student motivation for taking summer classes. Web technology has several advantages, such as no printing, electronic notification, high student access potential, and automatic collection of data in digital form. Notification was sent to all enrolled students (N=19,837) based on…

Rosenthal, Dan; Gottesman, Robert

288

Teacher Preparation to Deliver Inclusive Services to Students with Disabilities: TQ Connection Issue Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher preparation to deliver inclusive services to students with disabilities is increasingly important because of changes in law and policy emphasizing student access to, and achievement in, the general education curriculum. Inclusion of students with disabilities in general education environments has a long history in special education law;…

Holdheide, Lynn R.; Reschly, Daniel J.

2008-01-01

289

Charting Pathways to Completion for Low-Income Community College Students. CCRC Working Paper No. 34  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses administrative data from Washington State to chart the educational pathways of first-time community college students over seven years, with a focus on young, socioeconomically disadvantaged students. Of particular interest are the rates at which students enter a course of study (by passing multiple college-level courses within a…

Jenkins, Davis; Weiss, Madeline Joy

2011-01-01

290

An Approach/Avoidance Behavioral Model of College Student Retention. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study developed and estimated a conceptual model of student retention incorporating approach/avoidance behavioral theory with 262 first and second year students at a major midwestern research university. The study applied a theoretical model focusing on the influence of coping behavior on academic and social integration, student intentions,…

Eaton, Shevawn Bogdan; Bean, John P.

291

Succeeding in School: The Online Reflections of Native American and Other Minority Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This phenomenological study of students' online responses to the Succeeding in School program offers rare insight into how Native American and other minority students perceived and experienced their school environment. Students' strategies regarding behavior and attitude changes they would use to improve their success and counseling implications…

Zyromski, Brett; Bryant, Alfred, Jr.; Gerler, Edwin R., Jr.

2011-01-01

292

Exploring the Impact of Race Talk in the Education Classroom: Doctoral Student Reflections  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this investigation was to explore doctoral students' experiences engaging in conversations about the role of race and racism in education during their programs. We conducted focus groups with graduate students in a School of Education at a predominantly White institution in the South. Our findings support the notion that creating space for doctoral students to engage in

Michelle L. Bryan; Brandy S. Wilson; Ashlee A. Lewis; Lisa E. Wills

2012-01-01

293

Committing to Student Engagement: Reflections on CCSSE's First Five Years. 2007 Findings. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Community College Survey of Student Engagement ("CCSSE") this year celebrates five years of helping community colleges better serve their students. With its unrelenting focus on using data to improve students' educational experiences, "CCSSE" has established itself as a leading voice in community college improvement efforts. More important,…

Community College Survey of Student Engagement, 2007

2007-01-01

294

Committing to Student Engagement: Reflections on CCSSE's First Five Years. 2007 Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Community College Survey of Student Engagement ("CCSSE") this year celebrates five years of helping community colleges better serve their students. With its unrelenting focus on using data to improve students' educational experiences, "CCSSE" has established itself as a leading voice in community college improvement efforts. More important,…

Community College Survey of Student Engagement, 2007

2007-01-01

295

Student autonomy and reflections on researching and writing the undergraduate dissertation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dissertation is often promoted as a means of advancing autonomous learning. It is said to offer the potential for students to move along a continuum from dependence to independence. This research used interviews with a small sample of students to obtain a better understanding of the way students approach the dissertation process. The study found that the extent to

Paul Greenbank; Claire Penketh

2009-01-01

296

Reflections on Course Planning. Faculty and Students Consider Influences and Goals. From the Program on Curricular Intergration and Student Goals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To discover how courses are planned and taught, faculty and their students at three community colleges, two liberal arts colleges, two comprehensive universities, and one doctoral university were interviewed with a protocol based on current theories of course design. Their candid responses indicate that academic content, materials, student

Stark, Joan S.; And Others

297

Reflections from a Working-Class Scholar Who Resists and Embraces Scholarship in Mathematics Education. Working Paper No. 32  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the author describes, from a personal standpoint, the highlights of her most relevant studies on the topic of reform and resistance in mathematics education. Having moved from being a working-class kid to a tenured professor, the author hopes that by sharing her observations and advice, others on a similar path might have a smoother…

Lubienski, Sarah Theule

2006-01-01

298

Is Everybody Ready? Readiness, Transition and Continuity: Reflections and Moving Forward. Working Papers in Early Childhood Development, Number 41  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This working paper considers ways to tackle the critical issue of early drop-out and under-achievement of children at school. It draws on evidence of the benefits of early childhood programmes to children's learning and success in school. It particularly examines how well-designed early childhood programmes can effectively address poverty and…

Arnold, Caroline; Bartlett, Kathy; Gowani, Saima; Merali, Rehana

2007-01-01

299

Strategies for improving patient recruitment to focus groups in primary care: a case study reflective paper using an analytical framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Recruiting to primary care studies is complex. With the current drive to increase numbers of patients involved in primary care studies, we need to know more about successful recruitment approaches. There is limited evidence on recruitment to focus group studies, particularly when no natural grouping exists and where participants do not regularly meet. The aim of this paper is

Jane V Dyas; Tanefa Apekey; Michelle Tilling; A Niroshan Siriwardena

2009-01-01

300

Studies of the reflection, refraction and internal reflection of light  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An inexpensive apparatus and associated experiments are described for studying the basic laws of reflection and refraction of light at an air-glass interface, and multiple internal reflections within a glass block. In order to motivate students and encourage their active participation, a novel technique is described for determining the refractive index of a block of glass by observing multiple internal reflections. With a similar intention, the paper also includes a number of guidance notes for instructors.

Lanchester, P. C.

2014-09-01

301

Integrating a structured ethical reflection curriculum into high school community service experiences: impact on students' sociomoral development.  

PubMed

It is widely accepted within the field of community service that reflection is an important factor in promoting personal and sociomoral development. The purpose of this research was to determine if a particular form of reflection--decision making with an emphasis on the ethical nature of community service--has special value in achieving service-learning goals. Three dimensions of adolescent identity development served as dependent variables: agency, social relatedness, and moral-political awareness. Four hundred seventy-six high school students were assessed on the dependent variables before and after experiencing one of three conditions: community service with an ethical reasoning component; community service with reflection, but without an ethical reasoning component; and no community service (control). After one semester, it was found that students in the first condition (ethical decision making curriculum integrated into the community service program) made greater advances on all three dimensions of identity formation when compared with students in the other two conditions. Specifically, it was found that they became more systematic in their ethical reasoning and more likely to consider situations and issues from an ethical point of view. PMID:11407634

Leming, J S

2001-01-01

302

Meaning Making: What Reflective Essays Reveal about Biology Students' Conceptions about Natural Selection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of reflective writing can play a central role in making meaning as learners process new information and connect it to prior knowledge. An examination of the written discourse can therefore be revealing of learners' cognitive understanding and affective (beliefs, feelings, motivation to learn) responses to concepts. Despite reflective

Balgopal, Meena M.; Montplaisir, Lisa M.

2011-01-01

303

The Effect of Peer Feedback for Blogging on College Students' Reflective Learning Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflection is an important prerequisite to making meaning of new information, and to advance from surface to deep learning. Strategies such as journal writing and peer feedback have been found to promote reflection as well as deep thinking and learning. This study used an empirical design to investigate the interaction effects of peer feedback and…

Xie, Ying; Ke, Fengfeng; Sharma, Priya

2008-01-01

304

Facilitating Reflective Learning Journeys in Sport Cooperative Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Facilitated reflection strategies can enhance the learning outcomes for students. However, an important question is whether the strategies utilised are related to the needs of the learner and the learning environment. This paper highlights co-operative education students' reflective journeys over the period of their final work placement of a three-year bachelor degree programme in sport. Comments from the students' final

Jenny Fleming; Andy Martin

2007-01-01

305

An appraisal of students' awareness of "self-reflection" in a first-year pathology course of undergraduate medical/dental education  

PubMed Central

Background Self-reflection and reflective practice are increasingly considered as essential attributes of competent professionals functioning in complex and ever-changing healthcare systems of the 21st century. The aim of this study was to determine the extent of students' awareness and understanding of the reflective process and the meaning of 'self-reflection' within the contextual framework of their learning environment in the first-year of their medical/dental education. We endorse that the introduction of such explicit educational tasks at this early stage enhances and promotes students' awareness, understanding, and proficiency of this skill in their continuing life-long health professional learning. Methods Over two years, students registered in first-year pathology at the University of Saskatchewan were introduced to a self-reflection assignment which comprised in the submission of a one-page reflective document to a template of reflective questions provided in the given context of their learning environment. This was a mandatory but ungraded component at the midterm and final examinations. These documents were individually analyzed and thematically categorized to a "5 levels-of-reflection-awareness" scale using a specially-designed rubric based on the accepted major theories of reflection that included students' identification of: 1) personal abilities, 2) personal learning styles 3) relationships between course material and student history 4) emotional responses and 5) future applications. Results 410 self-reflection documents were analyzed. The student self-awareness on personal learning style (72.7% level 3+) and course content (55.2% level 3+) were well-reflected. Reflections at a level 1 awareness included identification of a) specific teaching strategies utilized to enhance learning (58.4%), b) personal strengths/weaknesses (53%), and c) emotional responses, values, and beliefs (71.5%). Students' abilities to connect information to life experiences and to future events with understanding were more evenly distributed across all 5 levels of reflection-awareness. Conclusions Exposure to self-reflection assignments in the early years of undergraduate medical education increases student awareness and promotes the creation of personal meaning of one's reactions, values, and premises in the context of student learning environments. Early introduction with repetition to such cognitive processes as practice tools increases engagement in reflection that may facilitate proficiency in mastering this competency leading to the creation of future reflective health professionals. PMID:21943239

2011-01-01

306

Levels of reflective thinking and patient safety: an investigation of the mechanisms that impact on student learning in a single cohort over a 5 year curriculum.  

PubMed

Existing research into learning about patient safety focuses on identifying how educational interventions improve educational outcomes but few studies offer evidence that inform educators about the mechanisms involved in learning about patient safety. The current evidence based in undergraduates is also limited to outcomes that relate to knowledge and skills. A realist approach involving three cycles of data collection in a single cohort of students over 5 years used different outcomes in Kirkpatrick's framework to identify the mechanisms that influence students learning about patient safety. Data source 1. Focus groups identified an overarching theoretical model of the mechanisms that influence patient safety learning for medical students. Data source 2 Identified if the mechanisms from data source 1 could be demonstrated at the outcome level of knowledge and attitudes. Data source 3 Established associations between mechanisms and outcomes at skills and behavioural level, in a standardised simulated ward setting. Data source 1: The interpretation of data from seven focus groups involving sixty students identified reflection at two levels of Mezirow's descriptions; reflection and critical reflection as mechanisms that influence learning about error. Data source 2: Sixty-one students participated. The associations found, reflection and knowledge of actions to take for patient safety, r = 0.44 (P = 0.00) and critical reflection and intentions regarding patient safety, r = 0.40 (P = 0.00) Data source 3: Forty-eight students participated. The correlation identified associations between critical reflection and planned changes following feedback was, r = 0.48 (P = 0.00) and reflection and knowledge based errors r = -0.30 (P = 0.03). A realist approach identified two different levels of reflection were associated with different patient safety outcomes for this cohort of students. Critical reflection was associated with attitudes and reflection was associated with knowledge of actions and error behaviours. These findings give educators greater depth of information about the role of reflection in patient safety. PMID:23812868

Ambrose, Lucy J; Ker, Jean S

2014-08-01

307

The Cost of the Consolidation Option for Student Loans. A CBO Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal government's student loan programs for higher education convey substantial financial benefits to borrowers because of their broad availability and favorable terms. Of the various provisions included in a federal student loan contract, the option to consolidate individual loans contributes greatly to a borrower's benefits and the cost…

Weinberg, Steven; Moore, Damien

2006-01-01

308

Subsidy Estimates for Guaranteed and Direct Student Loans. A CBO Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal government assists students and their parents in meeting the costs of postsecondary education through two student loan programs, the Federal Family Education Loan Program and the William D. Ford Direct Loan Program. Although the two programs provide similar benefits to borrowers, their structures and operations differ greatly. As a…

Humphrey, Justin

2005-01-01

309

Valuing the Student Loan Consolidation Option. Congressional Budget Office Background Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal student loans include a complex consolidation option that gives borrowers the opportunity to combine several loans into a single loan with a longer term to maturity and, for loans originated before July 2006, to convert from a variable- to a fixed-rate loan. The consolidation option adds substantial costs to the federal student loan…

Weinberg, Steven

2006-01-01

310

Factors Influencing the College Choice Decisions of Graduate Students. AIR 1994 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 1,068 admitted graduate students at the University of Michigan examined the relative influence of factors affecting college choice decisions. Factor analysis of ratings of importance of 31 college characteristics yielded dimensions upon which student decisions are based. These results were used to build five scales of importance and…

Kallio, Ruth E.

311

New Markets: Possibilities for Increasing Nontraditional Student Enrollments. AIR 1989 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two nontraditional markets for increased college/university enrollments are discussed, potential students age 50 and over and high school students enrolled for dual credit in advance placement classes. Two telephone surveys were conducted, one to county residents aged 50 and over, regarding their educational needs and interests, and the other to…

Conklin, Karen A.

312

Advising South African Students/Background/Current Crisis. NAFSA Field Service Working Paper #2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselors working with students from South Africa need to be aware that the system of apartheid has created separate and unequal societies resulting in major differences in student educational, cultural, political and other backgrounds. In addition, counselors need to be aware of individual differences as well as differences in how people cope…

Emoungu, Winnie D.

313

Initiating Student-Teacher Contact via Personalized Responses to One-Minute Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers have used many different techniques in efforts to augment engagement given the strong engagement-learning link. Teacher-student contact is one of the most effective tools for fostering engagement; however, some teachers find it hard to initiate contact in a way that seems natural. I present one method of initiating student-teacher…

Lucas, Gale M.

2010-01-01

314

Students' Suggestions for Improving Their Vocational Education and Training Experience. Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis of student verbatim responses in the Student Outcomes Survey provides suggestions for how the vocational education and training (VET) system could be improved. Eight major domains are discussed: course relevance and design; staff attributes and behaviours; teaching and learning practices; access to courses; facilities and services;…

Misko, Josie; Priest, Suellen

2009-01-01

315

Transfer Student Expectations and Satisfaction: Predictors for Academic Performance and Persistence. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students (n=424) who transferred to a large public urban university in fall 1989 were surveyed at the time of their matriculation and 131 students were surveyed again in March 1993 to discover their perceptions of 12 institutional characteristics. Characteristics included quality of academic programs, variety of courses and programs, faculty…

Kearney, Gretchen Warner; Kearney, Terrence J.

316

A Discussion Paper on the Assessment of Student Learning Outcomes for Healthcare Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As employers, parents, and policy makers demand more accountability from higher education, transferring student learning to health services management practice is more important than ever. If educators want to give these stakeholders the evidence-based performance results they expect, assessment of student learning outcomes, as well as aggregate…

Roberts, Velma; Perryman, Martha; Rivers, Patrick A.

2009-01-01

317

Use of Student Evaluations to Improve Instruction. AIR 1983 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pilot project designed to link more effectively instructional improvement to student evaluation was undertaken at The University of Missouri at Kansas City. Attention was focused on graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) in seven academic units. Students rated their GTA instructors, and interpretations of the evaluation results were provided to a…

Bingman, Richard M.

318

Meandering Ways: Studying Student Stopout with Survival Analysis. AIR 1994 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study applied newly-developed methods of survival analysis with repeated events to a longitudinal data set in order to illustrate stopout hazards for college students. Survival analysis incorporates cases of students returning to college and not yet returning to college in a single analysis. This study applied a multiple-spell survival…

Ronco, Sharron L.

319

Comparison of Student Performance using Web and Paper-Based Homework in College-Level Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homework gives students an opportunity to practice important college-level physics skills. A switch to Web-based homework alters the nature of feedback received, potentially changing the pedagogical benefit. Calculus- and algebra-based introductory physics students enrolled in large paired lecture sections at a public university completed homework…

Bonham, Scott W.; Deardorff, Duane L.; Beichner, Robert J.

2003-01-01

320

Writing about Writing: The Challenge of Helping Students "Get It Down on Paper"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When teaching writing, this author states that there is nothing harder than trying to get a quality product, one worth reading, from a high school student. The author, however, has high hopes for the new Common Core standards, which call for students to "write routinely over extended time frames and shorter time frames for a range of tasks,…

Waddell, Andy

2014-01-01

321

Implementing Statewide Longitudinal Student Data Systems: Lessons from the States. Working Paper #22  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing accurate and useful information on student achievement is a rising challenge for state educational agencies. With the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) in 2001, such challenges have become more pressing. A centerpiece of the educational accountability movement, NCLB has prompted states to improve their reporting on student

Anagnostopoulos, Dorothea; Bali, Valentina A.

2011-01-01

322

Are You Spoon-Feeding Your Students? A Paper on Facilitating a Collaborative Learning Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to curb high first-year attrition rates and to motivate students from a state of passive learning to one of active participation, Bergen Community College implemented a program of peer teaching-learning and group inquiry strategies in a preclinical dental hygiene course. To determine freshman students' learning styles, the following…

Drew, Claudine Paula

323

Metaphors as a reflection of middle school students' perceptions of school: A cross-cultural analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzes the perceptions of Turkish and American middle school students of school and schooling by examining the metaphors they produce. A total of 18 American and 24 Turkish students were interviewed as part of this study. The results show differences in the participants' perceptions of schooling by culture. Turkish participants perceived the school environment as family-like, care-giving, psychologically

Cennet Engin Demir

2007-01-01

324

Metaphors as a Reflection of Middle School Students' Perceptions of School: A Cross-Cultural Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzes the perceptions of Turkish and American middle school students of school and schooling by examining the metaphors they produce. A total of 18 American and 24 Turkish students were interviewed as part of this study. The results show differences in the participants' perceptions of schooling by culture. Turkish participants…

Demir, Cennet Engin

2007-01-01

325

Reflections on Determining Authorship Credit and Authorship Order on Faculty–Student Collaborations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to explore the process of determining authorship credit and authorship order on collaborative publications with students. The article presents hypothetical cases that describe relevant ethical issues, highlights ethical principles that could provide assistance in addressing these dilemmas, and makes recommendations to faculty who collaborate with students on scholarly projects. It is proposed that authorship

Mark A. Fine; Lawrence A. Kurdek

1993-01-01

326

Tri-Fold Transformation: An International Adult Student's Reflections on Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Being an international English as a Second Language (ESL) graduate student from China studying in the U.S., the author has undergone various types of transformation. Taking her first online course is one poignant example in which multiple layers of transformation occurred. In hopes of easing the transformation of other international ESL students

Tan, Fujuan

2009-01-01

327

Student Choice in Writing: Reflections on One Teacher's Inner Struggle to Relinquish Control  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why do I do that to myself? As a secondary English teacher, I want desperately for my students to pursue their own interests in their writing, but then I am stuck negotiating topics that push the envelope (read: make me uncomfortable): suicide attempts, cutting, abusive boyfriends, and drug use. When a student noted on his submission that it had…

Beaton, Anne M.

2010-01-01

328

Reflections of Turkish International Graduate Students: Studies on Life at a U.S. Midwestern University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A modified version of Moustakas' (1994) method of analyzing phenomenological data was used to illuminate how full-time, single, Turkish international graduate students conceptualized their experiences as international students. The participants detailed common and salient aspects of their experience: personal growth, decisions regarding…

Burkholder, Jessica Reno

2014-01-01

329

Increasing Reflective Writing and Goal Setting Skills on High Ability Sixth Grade Mathematics Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A practicum was developed and implemented to help identify, give direction to, and build self-motivation in high ability sixth-grade students attending a magnet school in a progressive, fast-growing southwestern school district. It was felt that students must be in the driver's seat for them to have ownership for working up to their potential.…

Edwins, Sharon D.

330

Broadening the Mind? Australian Student Reflections on the Experience of Overseas Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internationalization of higher education is usually accompanied by rhetorical flourishes that are always going to be difficult to live up to. The research reported here is based on surveys and focus group interviews with students at our home university that asks what students expect to learn and really learn from the university study abroad…

Forsey, Martin; Broomhall, Susan; Davis, Jane

2012-01-01

331

Urban Middle School Students' Reflections on Authentic Science Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the experiences of six urban middle school students in an authentic science inquiry program. Drawing on data including teaching journal entries, student work folders, and semi-structured focus group interviews of six participants, the findings explore six dimensions of authentic science inquiry, an approach to science inquiry…

Rivera Maulucci, María S.; Brown, Bryan A.; Grey, Salina T.; Sullivan, Shayna

2014-01-01

332

The Significance of Motivation in Student-Centred Learning: A Reflective Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theoretical underpinnings of student-centred learning suggest motivation to be an integral component. However, lack of clarification of what is involved in motivation in education often results in unchallenged assumptions that fail to recognise that what motivates some students may alienate others. This case study, using socio-cognitive…

Maclellan, Effie

2008-01-01

333

Students' Representations of Scientific Practice during a Science Internship: Reflections from an Activity-Theoretic Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working at scientists' elbows is one suggestion that educators make to improve science education, because such "authentic experiences" provide students with various types of science knowledge. However, there is an ongoing debate in the literature about the assumption that authentic science activities can enhance students' understandings of…

Hsu, Pei-Ling; van Eijck, Michiel; Roth, Wolff-Michael

2010-01-01

334

Students' Representations of Scientific Practice during a Science Internship: Reflections from an activity-theoretic perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Working at scientists’ elbows is one suggestion that educators make to improve science education, because such “authentic experiences” provide students with various types of science knowledge. However, there is an ongoing debate in the literature about the assumption that authentic science activities can enhance students’ understandings of scientific practice. The purpose of the study is to further address the debate

Pei?Ling Hsu; Michiel van Eijck

2010-01-01

335

Exploring the Impact of "Race Talk" in the Education Classroom: Doctoral Student Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this investigation was to explore doctoral students' experiences engaging in conversations about the role of race and racism in education during their programs. We conducted focus groups with graduate students in a School of Education at a predominantly White institution in the South. Our findings support the notion that creating…

Bryan, Michelle L.; Wilson, Brandy S.; Lewis, Ashlee A.; Wills, Lisa E.

2012-01-01

336

University Students' Situational Reaction Tendencies: Reflections on General Study Orientations, Learning Strategies, and Study Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to bridge the gap between situational and more general measures in investigating university students' studying. More precisely, the aim was to establish a connection between students' situational reaction tendencies and their general study orientations. Furthermore, situational reaction tendencies were related to the…

Makinen, Jarkko; Olkinuora, Erkki

2004-01-01

337

Reflective Strategies and the Construction of a Teaching Philosophy (Prior to Student Teaching).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study was designed to investigate the development of preservice teachers' philosophy of teaching over a semester period. Five different reflective strategies generated written documents which were examined for distinctive patterns and themes across a...

S. Moreland

1997-01-01

338

Quiz Corrections: Improving Learning by Encouraging Students to Reflect on Their Mistakes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most introductory physics instructors administer several quizzes and/or exams each term. Instructors are willing to invest the significant time it takes to develop, administer, and grade these assessments because they believe that regular assessments help students learn. However, instructors also believe that students do not make full use of the learning potential of these assessments. For example, in an interview study, six college physics instructors were asked how they expect their students to utilize an instructor solution after a test. All said they expect students to compare the instructor solution with their own and learn from any mistakes made. However, the instructors all thought that most students do not do this sort of comparison and only look at solutions superficially, if at all.

Henderson, Charles; Harper, Kathleen A.

2009-12-01

339

Reflections around Artefacts: Using a Deliberative Approach to Teaching Reflective Practices in Fashion Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While requiring students to think reflectively is a desirable teaching goal, it is often fraught with complexity and is sometimes poorly implemented in higher education. In this paper, we describe an approach to academic reflective practices that fitted a design subject in fashion education and was perceived as effective in enhancing student

Ryan, Michael; Brough, Dean

2012-01-01

340

An exploratory study of the potential learning benefits for medical students in collaborative drawing: creativity, reflection and 'critical looking'  

PubMed Central

Background Building on a series of higher educational arts/medicine initiatives, an interdisciplinary drawing module themed on the human body was developed for both year 3 Craft students and year 3 Medicine degree students. This became the subject of a research project exploring how the collaborative approach to drawing adopted on this module impacted on the students’ learning. In this article, emphasis is given to issues thought to have most potential relevance to medical education. Methods Using an ethnographic research design, the methods adopted were: direct observation of all aspects of the module sessions, audio and video recordings and photographs of the sessions, the incorporation of a semi-structured discussion at the end of each session, and anonymous student questionnaires. Results A number of key themes emerged. The complex, phased and multi-sensory nature of the ‘critical looking’ skills developed through the drawing exercises was seen as of potential value in medical education, being proposed as analogous to processes involved in clinical examination and diagnosis. The experience of interdisciplinary collaborative drawing was significant to the students as a creative, participatory and responsive form of learning. The emphasis on the physical experience of drawing and the thematic use of the human body as drawing subject led to reflective discussions about bodily knowledge and understanding. There were indications that students had a meta-cognitive awareness of the learning shifts that had occurred and the sessions provoked constructive self-reflective explorations of pre-professional identity. Conclusions This preliminary study suggests, through the themes identified, that there may be potential learning outcomes for medical students in this model of interdisciplinary collaborative drawing of the human body. Further research is needed to explore their applicability and value to medical education. There is a need to explore in more depth the beliefs, motivations and learning styles of medical students opting for the module, the significance and weighting of different learning and teaching elements in the module and the impact of the learning on medical students in the immediate post-module phase. PMID:23773830

2013-01-01

341

Digital and Paper-Based: The Complex Literacies of Composition Students and Instructors.  

E-print Network

??This thesis, based upon literacy narratives collected through one-to-one interviews, explores thereading, writing, and technology experiences of four composition students and six compositioninstructors. This project… (more)

Mazzoleni, Melissa A. K.

2012-01-01

342

Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure with Art Therapy Students: Assessing Preservice Students after One Multicultural Self-Reflection Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduate art therapy students enrolled in a multicultural art therapy course were given the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure as a pretest and posttest to assess their own cultural identity. Results indicate that stronger cultural identification is possible following the completion of one multicultural art therapy course. (Contains 25 references…

Cherry, Laura A.

2002-01-01

343

Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure with Art Therapy Students: Assessing Preservice Students After One Multicultural Self-reflection Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

In therapy, the client's as well the therapist's background must be considered prior to treatment. Graduate art therapy students enrolled in a multicultural art therapy course were given the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM) as a pretest and posttest to assess their own cultural identity. Results of this preliminary study indicate that stronger cultural identification is possible following the completion

Laura A. Cherry

2002-01-01

344

What Else Do Students Need? A Psychodynamic Reflection on Students' Need for Support from Staff at University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers university staff's place in students' worlds from a psychodynamic perspective. It looks at "studenthood" as a psychological stage, in which relationship to university and university staff is seen as being recruited into a personal developmental context. It sketches some psychodynamic background for understanding the role…

Baker, Amanda

2006-01-01

345

Reasoning with paper and pencil: The role of inscriptions in student learning of geometric series  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to analyse how students use inscriptions as tools for thinking and learning in mathematical\\u000a problem-solving activities. The empirical context is that of learning about geometric series in a small group setting. What\\u000a has been analysed is how students made use of inscriptions, self-made as well as those provided by text books and teachers,\\u000a and

Martin Carlsen

2009-01-01

346

Reflection and Analysis of How Pharmacy Students Learn to Communicate About Medication Errors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medication errors are a serious and costly problem. This study focuses on the socialization of pharmacy students regarding medication errors. The qualitative interview protocol contained 28 questions on topics such as communication-related medication errors and training on how to handle medication errors. In-depth interviews were conducted with 44 students enrolled in a 6-year entry-level pharmacy program. Five main themes emerged

Carey M. Noland; Nathaniel M. Rickles

2009-01-01

347

Survey of substance use among high school students in Taipei: Web-based questionnaire versus paper-and-pencil questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To evaluate, using a randomized trial, whether a web-based self-administered question- naire (web SAQ) can improve the reporting rate of substance use in adolescents compared with a paper-and-pencil self-administered questionnaire (paper SAQ). Methods: Students of junior high, senior high, and vocational high schools in Taipei City and County were selected by a stratified, two-stage, probability proportional to size, random

Yi-Ching Wang; Ching-Mei Lee; Chih-Yin Lew-Ting; Chuhsing Kate Hsiao; Duan-Rung Chen; Wei J. Chen

2005-01-01

348

Comment to the paper “Light scattering in porous materials: Geometrical optics and stereological approach”-Phase shift between the parallel and perpendicular components in total internal reflection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the recent paper [JQSRT 141 (2014) 14-23] it is stated that the scattering matrix element 34 for the random mixture in the framework of geometrical optics is equal to zero, i.e. no circular polarization can be born from the initial linear polarization in the random mixture, because in the geometrical optics all phase effects are neglected. However, the phase shift between parallel and perpendicular components in total internal reflection leads to the birth of circular polarization. In this work we investigate this phenomenon and show that the effect of the phase shift is really not negligible and matrix element 34 can notably differ from zero.

Malinka, Aleksey V.

2014-11-01

349

College as Country Club: Do Colleges Cater to Students' Preferences for Consumption? NBER Working Paper No. 18745  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates whether demand-side market pressure explains colleges' decisions to provide consumption amenities to their students. We estimate a discrete choice model of college demand using micro data from the high school classes of 1992 and 2004, matched to extensive information on all four year colleges in the U.S. We find that most…

Jacob, Brian; McCall, Brian; Stange, Kevin M.

2013-01-01

350

Why Do the Growth Rates of Students, Enrollments and Hours Differ So Much between 2006 and 2007? Technical Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This technical paper examines some large and unusual movements for data in the 2007 VET (Vocational Education Training) Provider Collection by comparison with 2006. Changes in the patterns of courses undertaken explain most of the divergence between students, enrolments and hours. Appendices include: (1) Derivation of the decomposition; (2) Tables…

Karmel, Tom; Mark, Kevin; Mlotkowski, Peter

2009-01-01

351

EDUCATIONAL PROBLEMS AND PLANNING FOR GIFTED STUDENTS--SELECTED PAPERS FROM GRADUATE LEADERSHIP TRAINING PROGRAM ON THE GIFTED.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SEVEN ARTICLES FROM THE INSTITUTE FOR RESEARCH ON EXCEPTIONAL CHILDREN CONSIDER THE GIFTED CHILD. THE FIRST ARTICLE, "LEADERSHIP TRAINING FOR THE GIFTED--A GRADUATE PROGRAM," IS BY J.J. GALLAGHER, DIRECTOR OF THE PROGRAM. SIX RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PAPERS BY GRADUATE STUDENTS FOLLOW--"THE VARIABLE OF RACE, SEX AND INTELLIGENCE RELATED TO SOCIAL…

GALLAGHER, JAMES J.; AND OTHERS

352

Spanish Students and Teachers' Preferences towards Computer-Based and Paper-and-Pencil Tests at Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to identify and analyze some significant features that influence students and teachers about computer-based tests (CBT) and paper-and-pencil tests (P&P) at the context of the PAULEX Project. In order to do that, a large experiment has been developed at the Universidad Politecnica de Valencia (Polytechnic University of…

De-Siqueira, Jose Macario; Peris-Fajarnes, Guillermo; Gimenez, Fernando; Magal-Royo, Teresa

2009-01-01

353

Organizing Schools to Improve Student Achievement: Start Times, Grade Configurations, and Teacher Assignments. Discussion Paper 2011-08  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education reform proposals are often based on high-profile or dramatic policy changes, many of which are expensive, politically controversial, or both. In this paper, we argue that the debates over these "flashy" policies have obscured a potentially important direction for raising student performance--namely, reforms to the management or…

Jacob, Brian A.; Rockoff, Jonah E.

2011-01-01

354

In-Basket Simulation: Word Processing. Teacher [and Student Manuals], A. Administrative Secretary for a Paper Company.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This in-basket-simulation learning module on the activities of an administrative secretary in a paper company for secondary and postsecondary teachers and students, the tenth in a series of eleven task and in-basket simulations, was designed to provide individualized instruction in office occupations courses, such as introductory business and…

Hawkins, Nancy Malloy

355

Do undergraduate students' ratings of perceived aggression in sport reflect athletes' self-reported aggression? Comments on Pedersen (2007).  

PubMed

In 2007 Pedersen described the results of undergraduate students' ratings of 16 common sports based on their perceptions of the aggression in each sport. Unfortunately, it is unclear whether Pedersen's sample's perception of aggression actually reflects aggression of athletes who participate in these sports. Therefore, response of 1,441 British competitive athletes (817 men, mean age = 21.5, SD = 4.9) to a short aggression questionnaire were analysed to distinguish whether the same pattern of ranks reported by Pedersen could be replicated. In general, data were consistent with Pedersen's rankings (Correlations were moderate to high), but some exceptions were evident, particularly for male athletes. PMID:18380110

Maxwell, J P

2007-12-01

356

Terrain Traps: Barriers to Effective Reflective Practice in Undergraduate Vocational Outdoor Leadership Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outdoor practitioners widely embed reflective practice (RP) into the delivery of experiential education, but its contribution to their continued professional development remains under developed; by default, claims of its worth to the experiential education, they deliver must be approached with caution. Although the value of RP has been established…

Hickman, M.; Collins, D.

2014-01-01

357

Reflections of a Multicultural Counseling Course: A Qualitative Study with Counseling Students and Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aimed to examine the contributions of a single multicultural counseling course designed with experiential learning strategies on multicultural awareness and knowledge competencies and the reflections of the training on the counselors' social and vocational life after graduation. For this purpose, two studies were conducted.…

Kagnici, Dilek Yelda

2014-01-01

358

A Place Where Every Teacher Teaches and Every Student Learns: Reflections from an Urban School Principal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflects on one person's experiences as the principal of an urban professional development school, contending that establishing supportive interpersonal relationships and creating a positive organizational culture are the primary responsibilities of the principal. One of the lessons learned from this experience is that stakeholders are more likely…

Mitchel, Lourdes Zaragoza

2000-01-01

359

Reflections on Urban Science Teacher-Student Self-Efficacy Dynamics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This forum article consists of commentaries--authored by Sumi Hagiwara, Maria S. Rivera Maulucci and Lizette Ramos--on the feature article by Virginia Jennings Bolshakova, Carla C. Johnson, and Charlene M. Czerniak. We reflect on a series of questions that take retrospective, introspective, and prospective views of self-efficacy in science…

Hagiwara, Sumi; Maulucci, Maria S. Rivera; Ramos, S. Lizette

2011-01-01

360

Negotiated meanings of disability simulations in an adapted physical activity course: learning from student reflections.  

PubMed

Disability simulations have been used as a pedagogical tool to simulate the functional and cultural experiences of disability. Despite their widespread application, disagreement about their ethical use, value, and efficacy persists. The purpose of this study was to understand how postsecondary kinesiology students experienced participation in disability simulations. An interpretative phenomenological approach guided the study's collection of journal entries and clarifying one-on-one interviews with four female undergraduate students enrolled in a required adapted physical activity course. The data were analyzed thematically and interpreted using the conceptual framework of situated learning. Three themes transpired: unnerving visibility, negotiating environments differently, and tomorrow I'll be fine. The students described emotional responses to the use of wheelchairs as disability artifacts, developed awareness of environmental barriers to culturally and socially normative activities, and moderated their discomfort with the knowledge they could end the simulation at any time. PMID:24762388

Leo, Jennifer; Goodwin, Donna

2014-04-01

361

New Evidence of Success for Community College Remedial English Students: Tracking the Outcomes of Students in the Accelerated Learning Program (ALP). CCRC Working Paper No. 53  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings from a follow-up quantitative analysis of the Community College of Baltimore County's Accelerated Learning Program (ALP). The results suggest that among students who enroll in the highest level developmental writing course, participation in ALP is associated with substantially better outcomes in terms of English…

Cho, Sung-Woo; Kopko, Elizabeth; Jenkins, Davis; Jaggars, Shanna Smith

2012-01-01

362

Student Cancer Journals- Personal Reflections and Research on Life and Death Issues  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students are "given" symptoms of particular cancers, and are given diagnoses, treatments, and prognoses. They are asked to research their particular symptoms, type of cancer, treatment regimens from a variety of sources, including journal articles, textbooks, personal interview with doctors, scientists, related agencies, and cancer patients. They are asked to make decisions about whether they would accept treatment, whether their own insurance would cover such treatment and then they "flip a coin" to determine the efficacy of their treatments (if they accept them) and also the final cure/mortality outcome. Students maintain journals of their activity and are graded for accuracy of research and completion of objectives.

BEGIN:VCARD VERSION:2.1 FN:Andrea Cobb N:Cobb;Andrea ORG:Chantilly High School REV:2005-04-12 END:VCARD

1995-06-30

363

Blogging as a tool to promote reflection among dietetic and physical therapy students during a multidisciplinary international service-learning experience.  

PubMed

Service-learning is a guided, structured learning experience that engages students in service to a community for the mutual benefit of the student and community. There is a growing trend in healthcare to include international service-learning experiences in the training curriculum to promote cultural competence. A critical element of service-learning is reflection. There have been many research studies examining how best to support and facilitate the reflective thinking process in students. The purpose of this study was to assess the development of reflective thinking among graduate allied health students during an interdisciplinary international service-learning experience using a web-based collaborative blog. Twelve graduate students-six dietetic interns and six physical therapy doctoral students-traveled to Belize for 6 days to provide primary healthcare screenings and intervention to a community. Group blogging was found to be an effective tool to promote reflection in allied health student and short duration service-learning experience developed reflective thinking. PMID:22968780

Wright, Lauri; Lundy, Mary

2012-01-01

364

Sample APA Paper for Students Interested in Learning APA Style 6th Edition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The abstract should be a single paragraph in block format (without paragraph indentation), and the appropriate length depends on the journal to which you are submitting, but they are typically between 150 and 200 words. (Students should consulttheir instructor for the recommended length of the abstract.) Section 2.04 of the APA manual (American Psychological Association [APA], 2010) has additional

Jeffrey H. Kahn

365

The Use of Portable Computers with Dyslexic Students. Occasional Papers 26.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This British study evaluated the effectiveness of use of individual portable computers by seven students (from elementary through college age) having severe specific learning difficulties or dyslexia. The study also examined the impact of the machines on pupils' levels of independence and the practicalities of using the machines. This report…

Price, Geraldine

366

Developing Student Creativity in Geography Classes: Four "How to Do It" Papers for Classroom Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four lessons for secondary school geography instruction focus on creative thinking through generating alternatives, imagining consequences, generating analogies, and creating products. In lesson 1 students lay out alternatives to solving a problem and decide the best course of action. Suggested activities include consideration of alternatives in…

Wragg, Paul H.; Allen, Rodney F.

367

Student Aid Simplification: Looking Back and Looking Ahead. NBER Working Paper No. 17834  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year, fourteen million households seeking federal aid for college complete a detailed questionnaire about their finances, the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). At 116 questions, the FAFSA is almost as long as IRS Form 1040 and substantially longer than Forms 1040EZ and 1040A. Aid for college is intended to increase college…

Dynarski, Susan; Wiederspan, Mark

2012-01-01

368

A Culture-Change Approach to School Discipline: Reaction Paper to "School Organization and Student Behavior".  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Organizational changes, within the existing structure of public schooling, have the potential to decrease the oppositional behavior of students and to foster humane, positive learning and working enviroments. It has been documented that managers can create organizational structures that promote positive behaviors and facilitate people's…

Purkey, Stewart C.

369

Reasons for Change of Schedule: A Survey of Reasons Why Students Drop Classes. SAIR Conference Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Major factors affecting a student's decision to drop a particular class were studied in 1982 at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach. A total of 793 questionnaire forms were returned indicating reasons for 1,152 course drops. The most frequently cited reason was reduction in load, while change of section and change of class were…

Bottomley, Wayne N.; And Others

370

"Research Papers Have Always Seemed Very Daunting": Information Literacy Narratives and the Student Research Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taking an interdisciplinary approach that draws on narrative theory, composition scholarship, and investigations into the affective dimensions of the research process, this article discusses stories written by college students about their experiences locating, evaluating, and using information in the context of academic research. These narratives…

Detmering, Robert; Johnson, Anna Marie

2012-01-01

371

Three ESL Students Writing a Policy Paper Assignment: An Activity-Analytic Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How university students write from sources has been an issue of long-standing interest among researchers of advanced academic literacy. Previous research in this regard in the context of L2 writing has tended to focus on novices' textual borrowing; less attention has been given to exploring the potential light that theories from other intellectual…

Li, Yongyan

2013-01-01

372

Talkback Television Instruction and Student Involvement. ASHE 1987 Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development and scope of Talkback Television Instruction (TBTV), a system operating in Oklahoma for 15 years, is described, along with results of a survey of TBTV faculty, who report their face-to-face contact with students and their views of the system's strengths and weaknesses. Also known as the Oklahoma Televised Instruction System, TBTV…

Hengst, Herbert R.

373

Are Big-Time Sports a Threat to Student Achievement? NBER Working Paper No. 17677  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We consider the relationship between collegiate-football success and non-athlete student performance. We find that the team's success significantly reduces male grades relative to female grades. This phenomenon is only present in fall quarters, which coincides with the football season. Using survey data, we find that males are more likely than…

Lindo, Jason M.; Swensen, Isaac D.; Waddell, Glen R.

2011-01-01

374

Profiling and Tracking Students in C/PBTE Programs. PBTE Technical Assistance Paper Series: No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of three monographs focuses on the development of computerized student and personnel recordkeeping systems. Descriptions of three different computerized systems are presented. The first monograph describes the efforts of the School of Education at Florida International University to overcome problems related to the management of…

Gallagher, Paul G.; And Others

375

Check All That Apply: The Experience of Biracial and Multiracial College Students. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the interaction of multiracial identity development and college campus contexts in the experience of 24 biracial or multiracial college students attending three institutions an Ivy League university, a Catholic university, and a liberal arts college. The study applied qualitative grounded theory as framed by postmodern racial…

Renn, Kristen A.

376

Funding for English as a Second Language New Arrival Students. Schools Resourcing Taskforce Discussion Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the 18th meeting of Ministerial Council on Education (MCEETYA) (12th-13th May 2005), Council urged the Australian Government to: (1) increase per capita assistance to ESL-NA students with high educational needs, in particular, refugees and humanitarian entrants; (2) provide a new per capita allocation so that specific ethnic and cultural issues…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2006

2006-01-01

377

Constrained after College: Student Loans and Early Career Occupational Choices. NBER Working Paper No. 13117  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the early 2000s, a highly selective university introduced a "no-loans" policy under which the loan component of financial aid awards was replaced with grants. We use this natural experiment to identify the causal effect of student debt on employment outcomes. In the standard life-cycle model, young people make optimal educational investment…

Rothstein, Jesse; Rouse, Cecilia Elena

2007-01-01

378

A Student Experience in the Research University (SERU) Project Research Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data on upper-division students in the University of California system, we show that two distinct cultures of engagement exist on campus. The culture of engagement in the arts, humanities and social sciences focuses on interaction, participation, and interest in ideas. The culture of engagement in the natural sciences and engineering focuses on improvement of quantitative skills through collaborative study

Allison M. Cantwell; Robert A. Hannerman

379

How Do Educators' Cultural Belief Systems Affect Underserved Students' Pursuit of Postsecondary Education? PREL Briefing Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The academic success of underserved students depends on their experiences within the education system. These experiences are influenced by the degrees to which their own culture and language are acknowledged and integrated into the school program, how engaged they become and are encouraged to become, and how well educators support them in…

George, Patricia; Aronson, Rosa

380

Self-reflection, Epistemological Beliefs, and Conceptual Gains  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper, presented at the 2001 Physics Education Research Conference, researchers discuss how they studied weekly journals written by students to begin answering three questions related to epistemological beliefs and self-reflection: (1) How articulate are students in describing how they learn? (2) How consistently do students report particular ways of learning? (3) Are there correlations between these patterns (if they exist) and standard measures of conceptual understanding? Students' weekly written journals were analyzed for the quality of reflection on what and how they learn. The authors found that the high-gain students tended to write more than the low-gain students and showed reflection that was more epistemologically sound.

Etkina, Eugenia; May, David B.

2010-05-07

381

Responses of Fourth and Seventh Grade Students to Satire as Reflected in Selected Contemporary Picture Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Satire appears to be one of the least attractive forms of humorous literature because many readers feel it encompasses negative and ill-mannered comic devices. By virtue of the fact that satire is not considered polite literature, it rarely makes its way into the planned literary curricula until students enter high school English courses. In this…

McNamara, Shelley G.

382

In Accord with Nature: Helping Students Form an Environmental Ethic Using Outdoor Experience and Reflection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book demonstrates how educators and youth leaders can help middle-school and older students understand and define their relationship with nature and learn the importance of protecting the environment. Chapter 1 defines environmental ethics and discusses biocentric and anthropocentric ways of seeing the world. Chapter 2 examines how ecology,…

Knapp, Clifford E.

383

Simulated Sustainable Societies: Students' Reflections on Creating Future Cities in Computer Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The empirical study, in this article, involved 42 students (ages 14-15), who used the urban simulation computer game SimCity 4 to create models of sustainable future cities. The aim was to explore in what ways the simulated "real" worlds provided by this game could be a potential facilitator for science learning contexts. The topic investigated is…

Nilsson, Elisabet M.; Jakobsson, Anders

2011-01-01

384

Reflecting on "Project Katrina" and Developmentally Appropriate Practices: A Graduate Student's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the independent study project of a student who was a graduate assistant in a child development laboratory preschool when Hurricanes Katrina and Rita struck the Gulf Coast area. Through her experiences with "Project Katrina" she deepens her understanding of developmentally appropriate practices as she learns firsthand about…

Schellhaas, Andree; Burts, Diane C.; Aghayan, Carol

2007-01-01

385

Reflecting on “Project Katrina” and Developmentally Appropriate Practices: A Graduate Student's Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the independent study project of a student who was a graduate assistant in a child development laboratory preschool when Hurricanes Katrina and Rita struck the Gulf Coast area. Through her experiences with “Project Katrina” she deepens her understanding of developmentally appropriate practices as she learns firsthand about the project approach and writing an article for publication in

Andrée Schellhaas; Diane C. Burts; Carol Aghayan

2007-01-01

386

Toward Intentional, Reflective, and Assimilative Classroom Practices with Students with FASD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The value of research-informed classroom practices is well recognized and thus this qualitative study was designed to explore, from multiple perspectives, the experiences and influences of classroom practices for students with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). The inductive analysis of 11 focus groups and three interviews involving 60…

Poth, Cheryl; Pei, Jacqueline; Job, Jenelle M.; Wyper, Katherine

2014-01-01

387

Reflecting on Scientists' Activity Based on Science Fiction Stories Written by Secondary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the authors resort to a qualitative analysis of the plot of science fiction stories about a group of scientists, written by two 11th-grade Earth and Life Science students (aged 17), and to semi-structured interviews, with the double purpose of diagnosing their conceptions of the nature of science (namely, as regards scientists'…

Reis, Pedro; Galvao, Cecilia

2007-01-01

388

Cooperative Learning on Mathematical Problem Solving: Reflections by a Traditional Teacher and Her Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

As our society becomes more technologically complex, the educational system preparing our students to become citizens of this society must adapt to met changing demands. Mathematical literacy of the 21st century will require a different model of mathematics education than that which served in the past. This thesis argues for a model of mathematics education which includes as key components:

Diana Metsisto

1990-01-01

389

Accommodating EBD: Do Assessment Accommodations Reflect Low Expectations for Students With EBD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some accommodations that are offered to students with emotional behavior disorders (EBD) do little to remediate a diagnosed disability, resulting instead in enabling the continuance of the condition. IDEA specifies that access to educational opportunities include accommodations both in "instruction and assessment" (Byrnes, 2008, p. 307). While…

Davis, Hartwell T. Paul

2010-01-01

390

The Evaluation of Reflective Learning Practice: Preparing College Students for Globalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A problem facing education today is that learning typically requires rote memorization rather than the use of higher-order thinking skills. Higher-order thinking is needed in a global society to solve real world problems, therefore students should be required to develop and practice higher-order thinking skills. The purpose of this mixed method…

Richard, Cathleen Becnel

2010-01-01

391

Analysis of Student Service-Learning Reflections for the Assessment of Transferable-Skills Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The civil and environmental engineering (CEE) programs at the University of Vermont (UVM) incorporate systems thinking and a systems approach to sustainable engineering problem solving. A systems approach considers long-term social, environmental and economic factors within the context of the engineering problem solution and encompasses sustainable engineering solutions. Our goal is to prepare students to become leaders in their chosen

D. M. Rizzo; M. Dewoolkar; N. Hayden; L. Oka; A. R. Pearce

2010-01-01

392

Socratic case-method teaching in sports coach education: reflections of students and course tutors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite reported increases in higher education (HE) sports coach education provision there are very few studies which have investigated student self-learning curricula as a mechanism to prepare sports coaches with the complexities of learning how to coach. Using an action research methodology, this article examines how case-method teaching (CMT) was introduced into an undergraduate sports coach education module at a

Simon J. Roberts; Angus Ryrie

2011-01-01

393

Riding the Wave: Student Researcher Reflection on the Action Research Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this article is the exploration of and an explanation of student researchers' affect and activity in an action research project. Using a hermeneutical theoretical framework we argue that the researcher group as a whole constructs a wave process and at the same time each individual researcher in the group creates a wave process that…

Burrows, Andrea; Thomas, Jonathan; Woods, Angie; Suess, Robert; Dole, Deborah

2012-01-01

394

Socratic Case-Method Teaching in Sports Coach Education: Reflections of Students and Course Tutors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite reported increases in higher education (HE) sports coach education provision there are very few studies which have investigated student self-learning curricula as a mechanism to prepare sports coaches with the complexities of learning how to coach. Using an action research methodology, this article examines how case-method teaching (CMT)…

Roberts, Simon J.; Ryrie, Angus

2014-01-01

395

Co-Creating Metaphor in the Classroom for Deeper Learning: Graduate Student Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Metaphors are pervasive and accessible thinking and learning machines that have the ability to disrupt and transform our patterns of thought. While much has been written about metaphor as a pedagogical tool, the potential learning opportunity that arises when students co-create metaphor within the classroom as a way to make sense and meaning of…

Willox, Ashlee Cunsolo; Harper, Sherilee L.; Bridger, Dawson; Morton, Stephanie; Orbach, Ariella; Sarapura, Silvia

2010-01-01

396

Student Reflections as Artifacts of Self-Regulatory Behaviors for Learning: A Tale of Two Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rapid growth of online and blended learning environments in both higher education and K-12, along with the development of innovative game based, narrative driven, problem-based learning (PBL) systems known as Alternate Reality Games (AltRG), has led to the need to understand student's abilities to self-regulate their learning behaviors…

Bigenho, Christopher William

2011-01-01

397

The Influence of Reflective Opposite-Sex Norms and Importance of Opposite-Sex Approval on Adjudicated Student Drinking: Theoretical Extensions and Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the salience and influence of reflective norms regarding opposite- sex friends, dating, and sexual partners on drinking behaviors of heterosexual college students sanctioned for violating the campus alcohol policy (i.e., adjudicated students). Results revealed that the level of importance placed on approval from the opposite…

Hummer, Justin F.; LaBrie, Joseph W.; Lac, Andrew; Louie, Brian

2013-01-01

398

Developing a Capacity to Engage in Critical Reflection: Students' "Ways of Knowing" within an Undergraduate Business and Accounting Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of a capacity to engage in critical reflection is central to higher education. However, students vary in this capacity and its development requires students to move from an absolute towards a contextual way of knowing. Using 32 semi-structured interviews, this study identifies the ways of knowing of 17 business and accounting…

Lucas, Ursula; Tan, Phaik Leng

2013-01-01

399

Simulated Sustainable Societies: StudentsReflections on Creating Future Cities in Computer Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

The empirical study, in this article, involved 42 students (ages 14–15), who used the urban simulation computer game SimCity\\u000a 4 to create models of sustainable future cities. The aim was to explore in what ways the simulated “real” worlds provided\\u000a by this game could be a potential facilitator for science learning contexts. The topic investigated is in what way interactions

Elisabet M. Nilsson; Anders Jakobsson

2011-01-01

400

Student reflections on peer reviewing solutions to Model-Eliciting Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A double-blind peer review process is embedded in the implementation of model-eliciting activities - a type of open-ended problem used in a large first-year engineering course. Students conduct the peer review along three dimensions: mathematical model, re-usability & modifiability, and audience (share-ability). Classmates bring to bear both their own solution development experience as well as their own educational and personal

Heidi A. Diefes-Dux; Matthew A. Verleger

2009-01-01

401

Research and Reflection: Potential Impact on the Professional Development of Undergraduate Occupational Therapy Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In occupational therapy education in South Africa, community service (CS) focuses learning opportunities during fieldwork\\u000a placements. CS therefore enabled the researcher to utilise successive small scale research projects to guide learning of students\\u000a during fieldwork while simultaneously developing the occupational therapy service at a residential care facility. This community\\u000a setting provided a powerful environment through which research, in combination with

Sanet H. J. Du Toit; Annette C. Wilkinson

2010-01-01

402

A Comparison of Student Revisions When Composing with Pen and Paper versus Word-Processing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the effects of word processing on high school seniors' writing and revisions of essay assignments. Length of papers, the impact of topic on the results, the effect of handwriting papers after computer composition, comparison of writing methods over time, and effects of typing ability and computer experience are discussed. (Contains eight…

Peterson, Sarah E.

1993-01-01

403

Discourse Features of the Student-Produced Academic Research Paper: Variations across Disciplinary Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research paper has been identified as a genre that is commonly produced in both graduate and undergraduate courses. However, researchers have noted that this label tends to be used loosely and that texts referred to as research papers are not characterized by a fixed set of discoursal features [such as Johns A.M. (1997). "Text, role and…

Samraj, Betty

2004-01-01

404

PAPER-WRITING: A Guide for Transportation Students Carlos F. Daganzo  

E-print Network

the main ideas to be described. You can do this by hand or on a computer, but you should print a hard copy of the paper are achievable, given what it is currently known. Iterate this process if necessary. 2 that do not fit in the part that you are currently writing, jot them down on a side paper). The result

Daganzo, Carlos F.

405

Graduate Employment Gap: Students of Color Losing Ground. EPI Briefing Paper #282  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Briefing Paper explores the racial and ethnic variation in the employment situation for recent high school and college graduates. For 16 to 24 year olds, this Briefing Paper finds: (1) In the first half of 2007, even before the recession began, one in five black high school graduates were unemployed; (2) By the first half of this year, the…

Austin, Algernon

2010-01-01

406

Exploring the Impact of Theatre on Literacy and Upgrading Students: "Marks on Paper."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Marks on Paper, a type of popular theater developed in British Columbia, helps literacy learners change personal beliefs about themselves, generates a sense of belonging, helps them break out of isolation, and transforms them through empowerment and action. (SK)

Andruske, Cynthia Lee

1994-01-01

407

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Investigation into Wheat Paper  

E-print Network

, and social aspects of wheat paper and 30% recycled paper have been compared. The Carbon Footprint is one footprint of wheat production is actually lower than the wood production if carbon storage is taken.0 Environmental Analysis 6 2.1 Carbon Storage 6 2.1.1 Wheat 6 2.1.2 Wood 7 2.2 Carbon Footprint 7 2.2.1 Wheat 8 2

408

A research into the attitudes of college students towards a career in the Pulp and Paper Industry in Metro Vancouver, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is important but difficult for the Pulp and Paper Industry (PPI) to attract college students in Canada including Metro Vancouver. This paper aims to find out the reasons for this difficulty, identify solutions and make recommendations to enhance the attractiveness of PPI to students, using Crosstabulation Analysis in SPSS software and other analytical methods. This paper introduces industry background,

Yang Liu; Harry Nelson

2011-01-01

409

A Collaborative Role for Industry in Assessing Student Learning. AIR 1999 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper recounts the process of integrating industry into the assessment process in engineering education developed by the Synthesis Coalition, a group of colleges and schools working together to improve engineering education through development and implementation of curriculum reforms. Originating in the Coalition's efforts to introduce…

McMartin, Flora

410

Students Today, Teachers Tomorrow? Identifying Constraints on the Provision of Education. Policy Research Working Paper 5674  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With an estimated 115 million children not attending primary school in the developing world, increasing access to education is critical. Resource constraints limit the effectiveness of demand-based subsidies. This paper focuses on the importance of a supply-side factor--the availability of low-cost teachers--and the resulting ability of the market…

Andrabi, Tahir; Das, Jishnu; Khwaja, Asim Ijaz

2011-01-01

411

Gendered Career Expectations of Students: Perspectives from PISA 2006. OECD Education Working Papers No. 57  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a comprehensive overview of adolescent career plans reported in PISA 2006. Its main focus is on the differences in the status and area of employment expected by girls and boys in high school. In almost all countries, girls lead boys in their interest in non-manual, high status professional occupations. This can be seen as a…

Sikora, Joanna; Pokropek, Artur

2011-01-01

412

Studies Presented to Robert B. Lees by His Students. Papers in Linguistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume, dedicated to Professor Robert B. Lees on the occasion of his departure from the University of Illinois, contains 15 papers on a variety of linguistic topics: C. L. Baker, "Problems of Polarity in Counterfactuals"; Lawrence F. Bouton, "Do So: Do+Adverb"; Chin-chuan Cheng, "Domains of Phonological Rule Application"; Joseph F. Foster,…

Sadock, Jerrold M.; Vanek, Anthony L.

413

Multiple Reflections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity on multiple reflections is produced by the International Society for Optical Engineering, the Optical Society of America, and the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy. Two plane rectangular mirrors, that meet on one edge, produce various reflection patterns. Students learn the relationship between the number of images produced and the orientation of the two mirrors. The site lists all necessary tools and materials and includes numerous helpful photographs and diagrams.

2009-01-13

414

Student reflections on an academic service learning experience in a computer science classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this paper is to introduce the topic of academic service learning and describe the need for academic service learning experiences in technical fields such as computer science and information technology. The intellectual roots of academic service learning, as discussed by Morton and Saltmarsh, go back to the Progressive Era in U.S. history, particularly in the works of

Linda D. Webster; Edward J. Mirielli

2007-01-01

415

A New Program in pain medicine for medical students: Integrating core curriculum knowledge with emotional and reflective development  

PubMed Central

Objective Improvements in clinical pain care have not matched advances in scientific knowledge, and innovations in medical education are needed. Several streams of evidence indicate that pain education needs to address both the affective and cognitive dimensions of pain. Our aim was to design and deliver a new course in pain establishing foundation-level knowledge while comprehensively addressing the emotional development needs in this area. Setting 118 first year medical students at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. Outcome measures Performance was measured by multiple choice tests of pain knowledge, attendance, reflective pain portfolios and satisfaction measures. Results Domains of competence in pain knowledge included central and peripheral pain signaling, pharmacological management of pain with standard analgesic medications, neuromodulating agents and opioids; cancer pain, musculoskeletal pain, nociceptive, inflammatory, neuropathic, geriatric, and pediatric pain. Socio-emotional development (portfolio) work focused on increasing awareness of pain affect in self and others and enhancing the commitment to excellence in pain care. Reflections included observations on a brief pain experience (cold pressor test), the multi-dimensionality of pain, the role of empathy and compassion in medical care, the positive characteristics of pain-care role models, the complex feelings engendered by pain and addiction including frustration and disappointment, and aspirations and commitments in clinical medicine. The students completing feedback expressed high levels of interest in pain medicine as a result of the course. Discussion We conclude that a four-day pain course incorporating sessions with pain- specialists, pain medicine knowledge, and design-built elements to strengthen emotional skills is an effective educational approach. PMID:21276187

Murinson, Beth B.; Nenortas, Elizabeth; Mayer, R. Sam; Mezei, Lina; Kozachik, Sharon; Nesbit, Suzanne; Haythornthwaite, Jennifer A.; Campbell, James N.

2010-01-01

416

Expanding School Resources and Increasing Time on Task: Effects of a Policy Experiment in Israel on Student Academic Achievement and Behavior. NBER Working Paper No. 18369  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, I examine how student academic achievements and behavior were affected by a school finance policy experiment undertaken in elementary schools in Israel. Begun in 2004, the funding formula changed from a budget set per class to a budget set per student, with more weight given to students from lower socioeconomic and lower educational…

Lavy, Victor

2012-01-01

417

Weekly Reflections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

About once a week, which approximately corresponds to each chapter covered, students are required to write a 2-3 paragraph reflection on the material covered in class. They may use information found in the book, or their experiences during lecture and lab, but they need to discuss their thoughts on the material. This written assignment encourages students to think more deeply about the material discussed, as well as to become more comfortable with the writing process.

Rutzky, Sara M.

418

Four African American Undergraduate Students And Two White Professors: Reflections of a Difficult Dialogue Program at a Predominantly White University  

E-print Network

highlighted and used to find dominant themes. The study confirmed findings that students feel isolated while attending a predominantly White college. New findings in the professor-student engagement include: 1) lack of student self-advocacy in the student...

Green, Monica Roshaw

2013-05-09

419

Virtual Classroom: Reflections of Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify student and staff experiences with online learning at higher education (HE) using the software Elluminate Live! Design/methodology/approach: This paper adopts a qualitative approach, focusing on the reflections of participants (student and teacher) collated over a 12 month period of piloting online…

Michael, Kathy

2012-01-01

420

Thirty Years of Distance Education: Personal Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reflects on the evolving experience of modern distance education (DE) as a field of practice for professionals and as a medium for student access to education and training. The writer's 30 years in the field, as both teacher and student, has coincided with the five-stage evolution of DE delivery defined by Taylor (1995-2010). The author…

McKee, Terralyn

2010-01-01

421

Variation in Student Reflections on their Conceptions of and Approaches to Learning Biochemistry in a First-year Health Sciences' Service Subject  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many factors affect students’ learning approaches, including topic conceptions and prior study. This research, undertaken after a first-semester compulsory subject, explores students’ conceptions of biochemistry and how they approached their studies. Students (n=151) completed an open-ended survey analysed phenomenographically. Those with cohesive conceptions were found to be more likely to adopt deeper approaches to study than those with fragmented conceptions, a result unaffected by various demographic parameters. Compared with earlier research, a semester of study increased the percentage of students with a cohesive view, with no concomitant change in learning approaches, suggesting that cohesive conceptions are a necessary but not sufficient criterion for deep learning outcomes. Compared with results for a science major subject, more of the students with cohesive conceptions used surface approaches. This may reflect a regression to safe surface approaches when faced with an unfamiliar topic or high total workload driving a strategic approach to learning. It could also reflect a perception that this material is only a tool for later application. The present findings indicate the crucial importance, when university studies begin, of enabling students to build an overarching conception of the topic’s place in professional practice. This concept building should be applied across the entire curriculum to emphasize application and integration of material (key graduate attributes). Improved conceptions may provide crucial motivation for students to achieve deeper learning, especially in these foundation service subjects. These essential changes to the learning context may also better prepare students for increasing self-directed/life-long learning.

Minasian-Batmanian, Laura C.; Lingard, Jennifer; Prosser, Michael

2006-12-01

422

UNIVERSITET CHINESE STUDENTS ABROAD  

E-print Network

as the overall impact of student migration on Chinese society. WE INVITE PAPERS EXPLORING - how studying abroad experience, networks and ideas of these students impact upon the future of Chinese society AbstractsAARHUS UNIVERSITET CHINESE STUDENTS ABROAD Reflections, Strategies and Impacts of a Global

423

Toward a New Understanding of Non-Academic Student Support: Four Mechanisms Encouraging Positive Student Outcomes in the Community College. CCRC Working Paper No. 28. Assessment of Evidence Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the ways in which academically vulnerable students benefit from non-academic support. By reviewing theories of student persistence as well as program evaluation literature, the author identifies four mechanisms by which non-academic supports can improve student outcomes, including persistence and degree attainment. Programs…

Karp, Melinda Mechur

2011-01-01

424

APPLICATION FOR DEPARTMENTAL "HONORS IN PSYCHOLOGY" This form reflects requirements for students who declared the major in Fall 2007 or later.  

E-print Network

PSYC 102 102 3 Abnormal Psychology PSYC 110 110 3 Research Methods: Honors requires both Methods (120APPLICATION FOR DEPARTMENTAL "HONORS IN PSYCHOLOGY" This form reflects requirements for students: _______ Intended Graduation Date: ___________ Whether or not to award Departmental Honors in Psychology

Su, Xiao

425

Students’ Understanding of Their Student Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Open Learner Models (OLM) are believed to facilitate students’ metacognitive activities in learning. Inspectable student models\\u000a are a simple but very common form of OLM that grant students opportunities to get feedback on their knowledge and reflect\\u000a on it. This paper uses individualized surveys and interviews with high school students who have at least three years experience\\u000a learning with the

Yanjin Long; Vincent Aleven

426

Paper Chromatography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a site with experiments that provide a brief introduction to the idea of separation of components in a mixture and a set of instructions for students for separating colored compounds by paper chromatography (on coffee filters). The appropriate audience would be students in a high-school or introductory, non major college chemistry class.

Reeves, James H.

2011-05-19

427

The Fiscal and Social Costs of Consolidating Student Loans at Fixed Interest Rates. Working Paper No. 104  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal government's student loan programs have been very successful, with two-thirds of all students or their families relying on loans provided or subsidized by the federal government. One of these student loan programs allows student borrowers to consolidate their previous loans into a single loan at a subsidized fixed rate based on the…

Hassett, Kevin A.; Shapiro, Robert J.

2004-01-01

428

Experiencing ERASMUS: Reflections on Integrating Polish Psychology Students onto a Year of a Degree in the UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The European Community Action Scheme for the Mobility of University Students (ERASMUS) supports students to pursue temporary periods of study in other European universities. During the academic year 2007/08 the UK received 15, 975 ERASMUS students. Although much research exists about the experiences of international students less attention has…

Mercer, Jenny

2011-01-01

429

REHIRING Students or Hourly Wage Employees E1 and E1S Paper forms are being Phased Out -for rehiring, rate changes, termination, and  

E-print Network

REHIRING Students or Hourly Wage Employees E1 and E1S Paper forms are being Phased Out - for rehiring, rate changes, termination, and position changes. This change is effective August 16, 2012 of student and hourly employees. The new process utilizes existing functionality in Banner self

430

Program and Papers of the Second Workshop for Directors and College Supervisors of Student Teaching (Michigan State University, July 24-August 4, 1967).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains eight papers prepared by workshop participants: "Placement of Student Teachers: A Cooperative Venture Between Teacher Education Institutions and Public Schools" by Donald Abernethy, Robert Highland, Richard Terry, and Ruth Wilvert; "Handbook for Student Teachers" by Sister Rose McDonnell, Sister James Rita Sims, and Shela…

Dow, Clyde W., Ed.

431

Teaching and Learning in the Era of the Common Core: An Introduction to the Project and the Nine Research Papers in the "Students at the Center" Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the wide interest in and need for student-centered approaches to learning, educators have scant access to a comprehensive accounting of the key components of it. To build the knowledge base for the emerging field of student-centered learning, Jobs for the Future, a national nonprofit based in Boston, commissioned papers from nine teams of…

Jobs for the Future, 2012

2012-01-01

432

Document Analyses of Student Use of a Blogging-Mapping Tool to Explore Evidence of Deep and Reflective Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Theories about reflective thinking and deep-surface learning abound. In order to arrive at the definition for "reflective thinking toward deep learning," this study establishes that reflective thinking toward deep learning refers to a learner's purposeful and conscious activity of manipulating ideas toward meaningful learning and knowledge…

Xie, Ying

2008-01-01

433

QUIZ CORRECTIONS: Improving Learning by Encouraging StudentsQUIZ CORRECTIONS: Improving Learning by Encouraging Students t R fl t Th i Mi t kto Reflect on Their Mistakes  

E-print Network

that assessment corrections help them learn Formative Assessment: Feedback (and student processing of feedback experiments to INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION Many college instructors want students to make What students are asked in conceptual understanding in classes where assessment ti d In a survey of introductory engineering students

Henderson, Charles

434

We are passionate about the student experience at the University of Bradford, and this commitment is reflected in our charter which places the student at the heart of all we do. Our student charter is intended to set out the minimum  

E-print Network

is reflected in our charter which places the student at the heart of all we do. Our student charter is intended and students. Your active engagement with staff in your learning, in school level activities, in institutional in the charter below. Our charter is split into two sections: Section one is a summary of the support we

Aickelin, Uwe

435

Torn Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colored construction paper was used to develop an interesting, creative experience for elementary and high school students, who learned to appreciate and to understand the torn paper innovation in art. Examples of this tearing technique are found in works by Picasso, Motherwell, Vincenti, and Matisse. (Author/RK)

Miller, Louis J.

1975-01-01

436

Financing EU Student Mobility: A Proposed Credit Union Scheme for Europe. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.17.10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Governments worldwide face the challenge of financing a growing student population with limited resources, especially in the current context of difficult economic recovery. Student loan schemes, because they appear as cost-efficient and are defendable on the lines of social equity (students invest in their future), are increasingly politically…

Hoareau, Cecile

2010-01-01

437

The Effect of Major Fields of Study on Student Demand for Library Books. AIR 1983 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between student demand for library books by subject area and the students' majors and courses undertaken was studied using a library's automated circulation system. During 1980-1982, book checkout at the university library declined 22 percent. History had the greatest decline in checkouts per student. Other fields with larger…

Russell, Ralph E.; And Others

438

A Model Simulating the Impact of Reagan's Student Financial Aid Proposals on the Institution. AIR 1983 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model was developed at Arizona State University (ASU) to simulate the effect of President Reagan's proposed 1983 cuts in student financial aid in terms of programs and student credit hour load. The model allows administrators to simulate the impact on various student groups. The analysis involved 3,141 full-time undergraduates with financial aid…

Porter, John D.; Matt, Joseph J.

439

Managing the Assessment Process: A Framework for Measuring Student Attainment of the ESL Standards. TESOL Professional Papers #5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide explains the roles of standards-based assessment in various contexts involving students who are learning English as a second language (ESL). It is designed to accompany the "ESL Standards for Pre-K-12 Students," a document that sets out the language competencies needed by ESL students to become fully proficient in English, have…

Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages, Inc., Alexandria, VA.

440

Student Standardised Testing: Current Practices in OECD Countries and a Literature Review. OECD Education Working Papers, No. 65  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses the most relevant issues concerning student standardised testing in which there are no-stakes for students ("standardised testing") through a literature review and a review of the trends in standardised testing in OECD countries. Unlike standardised tests in which there are high-stakes for students, no-stakes implies that…

Morris, Allison

2011-01-01

441

The Labor Market Returns to For-Profit Higher Education: Evidence for Transfer Students. A CAPSEE Working Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the labor market gains for students who enrolled at for-profit colleges after beginning their post-secondary education in community college. We use student-level administrative record data from college transcripts, Unemployment Insurance earnings data, and progression data from the National Student Clearinghouse across full…

Liu, Yuen Ting; Belfield, Clive

2014-01-01

442

Representation and Student Engagement in Higher Education: A Reflection on the Views and Experiences of Course Representatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student engagement is increasingly part of higher education rhetoric. It is seen as a means for universities to understand and enhance the student experience. This has been prompted by a number of potentially conflicting factors. These include growing consumerism in higher education, the rise of user involvement and the notion of students as…

Carey, Philip

2013-01-01

443

"Daring to Volunteer": Some Reflections on Geographers, Geography Students and Evolving Institutional Support for Community Engagement in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volunteering with our local community organizations (many of them charitable) is clearly set to become more of a feature of our lives as staff and students working in higher education. This activity is seen as potentially valuable in enhancing the student experience, particularly through a strengthening of students' employability prospects.…

Spalding, Richard

2013-01-01

444

Can Student Loans Improve Accessibility to Higher Education and Student Performance? An Impact Study of the Case of SOFES, Mexico. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3425  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Financial aid to students in tertiary education can contribute to human capital accumulation through two channels: increased enrollment and improved student performance. We analyze the quantitative importance of both channels in the context of a student loan program "Sociedad de Fomento a la Educacion, Superior" (SOFES) implemented at private…

Canton, Erik; Blom, Andreas

2004-01-01

445

Use of Synchrotron Reflectance Infrared Spectromicroscopy as a Rapid, Direct, Non-Destructive Method for the Study of Inks on Paper  

E-print Network

and archaeologist to the forensic scientist, an understanding of ink-paper interactions is essential of the ink and the ink/paper interface begin to undergo changes. Various physical and chemical processes, cross-linking, and, in some cases, paper corrosion. These processes can also include those

446

Re-Thinking the Education of Teachers of Language-Minority Children: Developing Reflective Teachers for Changing Schools. Occasional Papers in Bilingual Education. FOCUS Number 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher training and development programs must adapt to shifting political, demographic, and program realities. This will require rigorous self-examination. Preparation of personnel to meet the needs of growing populations of language-minority students must include plans to address three distinct teacher audiences: bilingual educators;…

Milk, Robert; And Others

447

NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Paper 40: Technical communications in aerospace education: A study of AIAA student members  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes the preliminary analysis of a survey of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) student members. In the paper we examine (1) the demographic characteristics of the students, (2) factors that affected their career decisions, (3) their career goals and aspirations, and (4) their training in technical communication and techniques for finding and using aerospace scientific and technical information (STI). We determine that aerospace engineering students receive training in technical communication skills and the use of STI. While those in the aerospace industry think that more training is needed, we believe the students receive the appropriate amount of training. We think that the differences between the amount of training students receive and the perception of training needs is related partially to the characteristics of the students and partially to the structure of the aerospace STI dissemination system. Overall, we conclude that the students' technical communication training and knowledge of STI, while limited by external forces, makes it difficult for students to achieve their career goals.

Kennedy, John M.; Pinelli, Thomas E.; Barclay, Rebecca O.

1994-01-01

448

Gaining the ‘Piece of paper’: a biographical and classed analysis of ‘widening participation’ students’ transitions to higher education.  

E-print Network

??This thesis develops a class-biographical analysis of ‘widening participation’ students’ transitions to higher education (HE). It unpacks the participants’ complex educational, professional and family biographies,… (more)

Eden, Robert

2013-01-01

449

Choosing Papers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In an upper-level seminar course, students bear significant responsibility for their learning. This activity provides the framework to help them identify the exact topics that they will discuss throughout a course in Environmental Analysis. The students are given constraints so that they don't either wander completely aimlessly through the environmental literature or pick only papers on their favorite topic. They are instead asked to dip into the literature to find papers that deal with analysis of pollutants in air, water, and solid matrices, and to have at least one that is relevant to climate change.

Gross, Deborah

450

Paper Motivation Paper Issues  

E-print Network

and design education Elodie Fourquet A Projective Drawing System #12;Paper Motivation Paper Issues ProjectivePaper Motivation Paper Issues Projective Geometry Projective Geometry in Paper A Projective Drawing A Projective Drawing System #12;Paper Motivation Paper Issues Projective Geometry Projective Geometry in Paper

Waterloo, University of

451

Charter Schools in New York City: Who Enrolls and How They Affect Their Students' Achievement. NBER Working Paper No. 14852  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We analyze all but a few of the 47 charter schools operating in New York City in 2005-06. The schools tend locate in disadvantaged neighborhoods and serve students who are substantially poorer than the average public school student in New York City. The schools also attract black applicants to an unusual degree, not only relative to New York City…

Hoxby, Caroline M.; Murarka, Sonali

2009-01-01

452

Aversive Racism on Campus: Explaining Mechanisms of Isolation for Students and Staff of Color on Campus. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The campus experiences of 24 students of color at a large, predominantly white midwestern university were investigated using four focus groups and grounded theory methods of analysis. Participants were asked about their experiences in four area environments: classrooms, residence halls, student services and programs, and the city where the…

Crim, Elton J., Jr.

453

2004 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:04) Field Test Methodology Report. Working Paper Series. NCES 2005-02  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2004 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:04), conducted for the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), collected comprehensive data regarding how students and their families pay for postsecondary education. The primary objective of NPSAS:04 is to produce reliable national estimates of…

Riccobono, J.; Siegel, P.; Cominole, M.; Dudley, K.; Charleston, S.; Link, M.

2005-01-01

454

Winrock/NAFSA Workshop on Improving Academic Programs in Agriculture for Students from Developing Countries. NAFSA Working Paper #19.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of a January 26-27, 1990, workshop organized by the National Association of Foreign Student Affairs (NAFSA) and the Winrock Institute for Agricultural Development to discuss ways to improve academic programs for international students studying in graduate agricultural disciplines. Participants were sponsored…

Steele, Roger

455

SimPharm: How Pharmacy Students Made Meaning of a Clinical Case Differently in Paper- and Simulation-Based Workshops  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several scholars contend that learning with computer games and simulations results in students thinking more like professionals. Bearing this goal in mind, we investigated how a group of pharmacy students learnt with an in-house developed computer simulation, SimPharm. Adopting situated cognition as our theoretical lens, we conducted a case study…

Loke, Swee-Kin; Tordoff, June; Winikoff, Michael; McDonald, Jenny; Vlugter, Peter; Duffull, Stephen

2011-01-01

456

Applying Holland's Typology to the Study of Differences in Student Views about Diversity. AIR 2002 Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from a survey of more than 1,900 first-year students at a large research institution, this study applied J.L. Holland's theory of personality and environment to examine the ways in which students view diversity. Holland categories, individual characteristics such as race and gender and interactions with people of color before college…

Umbach, Paul D.; Milem, Jeffrey F.

457

Student Persistence in a Distance Education Program: The Effect of Faculty-Initiated Contact. AIR 1993 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student-faculty contact is widely accepted as influencing retention within campus-based programs. The difficulties of implementing such contact within a distance learning environment magnify its importance as a topic for investigation. This study sought to evaluate the effect of faculty initiated contacts on student persistence within a large…

Towles, David E.; And Others

458

Testing Accommodations for University Students with AD/HD: Computerized vs. Paper-Pencil/Regular vs. Extended Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prompted by a previous study investigating the effects of pacing on the academic testing performance of college students with AD/HD, we further explored our preliminary findings, which suggested that a computerized testing environment enhanced the testing performance of college students with AD/HD. We compared the effects of a computerized vs.…

Lee, Kathryn S.; Osborne, Randall E.; Carpenter, David N.

2010-01-01

459

"I Came in Unsure of Everything": Community College Students' Shifts in Confidence. CCRC Working Paper No. 48  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To improve low rates of credential attainment in community colleges, individual schools as well as a number of national organizations have developed a range of initiatives focused on increasing rates of college completion and student success. Although the importance of non-academic factors in college completion and student success has been well…

Bickerstaff, Susan; Barragan, Melissa; Rucks-Ahidiana, Zawadi

2012-01-01

460

High School Dual Enrollment Programs: Are We Fast-Tracking Students Too Fast? An NCPR Working Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dual enrollment (DE), an arrangement by which high school students take college courses, is becoming increasingly popular as a means of improving high school education. However, there is very little rigorous evidence on its impact on student outcomes. A particular concern in evaluating its effects is the selection bias that arises because more…

Speroni, Cecilia

2011-01-01

461

Good Practices in Undergraduate Education from the Students' and Faculty's View: Consensus or Disagreement. AIR 1996 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined teaching practices in undergraduate education by surveying 180 undergraduate students and 29 faculty, most in the school of education, at the Rio Piedras Campus of the University of Puerto Rico. Factors investigated include: (1) degree of agreement between faculty and students on good teaching practices; (2) relationship…

Negron-Morales, Patricia; And Others

462

When the Saints Come Marching In. Effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on Student Evacuees. NBER Working Paper No. 14385  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I examine academic performance and college going for public school students affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Students who are forced to switch schools due to the hurricanes experience sharp declines in test scores in the first year following the hurricane. However, by the second and third years after the disaster, Katrina evacuees…

Sacerdote, Bruce

2008-01-01

463

The Relationship of Education Resources to Student Achievement Levels in New York State. Working Paper in Education Finance No. 27.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increased educational resources at home and at school will improve student achievement, according to this study of third graders' reading and math scores in 384 New York State public schools. The factors tested included the school environment (teachers' years of experience and amount of graduate training, school size, the student-teacher ratio,…

Wendling, Wayne; Cohen, Judith

464

Estimates and influences of reflective opposite-sex norms on alcohol use among a high-risk sample of college students: exploring Greek-affiliation and gender effects.  

PubMed

Reflective opposite sex norms are behavior that an individual believes the opposite sex prefers them to do. The current study extends research on this recently introduced construct by examining estimates and influences of reflective norms on drinking in a large high-risk heterosexual sample of male and female college students from two universities. Both gender and Greek-affiliation served as potential statistical moderators of the reflective norms and drinking relationship. All participants (N=1790; 57% female) answered questions regarding the amount of alcohol they believe members of the opposite sex would like their opposite sex friends, dates, and sexual partners to drink. Participants also answered questions regarding their actual preferences for drinking levels in each of these three relationship categories. Overall, women overestimated how much men prefer their female friends and potential sexual partners to drink, whereas men overestimated how much women prefer their sexual partners to drink. Greek-affiliated males demonstrated higher reflective norms than non-Greek males across all relationship categories, and for dating partners, only Greek-affiliated males misperceived women's actual preferences. Among women however, there were no differences between reflective norm estimates or the degree of misperception as a function of Greek status. Most importantly, over and above perceived same-sex social norms, higher perceived reflective norms tended to account for greater variance in alcohol consumption for Greeks (vs. non-Greeks) and males (vs. females), particularly within the friend and sexual partner contexts. The findings highlight that potential benefits might arise if existing normative feedback interventions were augmented with reflective normative feedback designed to target the discrepancy between perceived and actual drinking preferences of the opposite sex. PMID:22305289

Hummer, Justin F; LaBrie, Joseph W; Lac, Andrew; Sessoms, Ashley; Cail, Jessica

2012-05-01

465

Estimates and influences of reflective opposite-sex norms on alcohol use among a high-risk sample of college students: Exploring Greek-affiliation and gender effects  

PubMed Central

Reflective opposite sex norms are behavior that an individual believes the opposite sex prefers them to do. The current study extends research on this recently introduced construct by examining estimates and influences of reflective norms on drinking in a large high-risk heterosexual sample of male and female college students from two universities. Both gender and Greek-affiliation served as potential statistical moderators of the reflective norms and drinking relationship. All participants (N = 1790; 57% female) answered questions regarding the amount of alcohol they believe members of the opposite sex would like their opposite sex friends, dates, and sexual partners to drink. Participants also answered questions regarding their actual preferences for drinking levels in each of these three relationship categories. Overall, women overestimated how much men prefer their female friends and potential sexual partners to drink, whereas men overestimated how much women prefer their sexual partners to drink. Greek-affiliated males demonstrated higher reflective norms than non-Greek males across all relationship categories, and for dating partners, only Greek-affiliated males misperceived women’s actual preferences. Among women however, there were no differences between reflective norms estimates or the degree of misperception as a function of Greek status. Most importantly, over and above perceived same-sex social norms, higher perceived reflective norms tended to account for greater variance in alcohol consumption for Greeks (vs. non-Greeks) and males (vs. females), particularly within the friend and sexual partner contexts. The findings highlight that potential benefits might arise if existing normative feedback interventions were augmented with reflective normative feedback designed to target the discrepancy between perceived and actual drinking preferences of the opposite sex. PMID:22305289

Hummer, Justin F.; LaBrie, Joseph W.; Lac, Andrew; Sessoms, Ashley; Cail, Jessica

2012-01-01

466

"Now You Call Us Colleagues": A Reflection on the PPER Students' Experience of Becoming Researchers 2007 and 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students within academic research projects usually assume a role of supporting the academics/scholars who are undertaking those research projects. The students' identity in this case is regarded as research assistants, with minimal valued input to the project itself. With time, however, this identity may change based on the roles and relationships…

Molefe, S.; Bengesai, A.; Davey, B.; Goba, B.; Lekena, L.; Madiya, N.; Nkambule, T.

2011-01-01

467

My Body and Its Reflection: A Case Study of Eight Dance Students and the Mirror in the Ballet Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study investigated the impact of the mirror on a dancer's body image. Two groups of students enrolled in beginner ballet classes were taught the same classroom material; one group was taught with mirrors, the other, without. At the end of the semester four students from each class were randomly selected to participate in a…

Radell, Sally Anne; Keneman, Margaret Lynn; Adame, Daniel D.; Cole, Steven P.

2014-01-01

468

Learning a New World: Reflections on Being a First-Generation College Student and the Influence of TRIO Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TRIO programs exist for students who need guidance through the academic systems that exist. TRIO programs began in 1964, when Lyndon Johnson signed the Educational Opportunity Act into law (McElroy and Armesto, 1998). This started the TRIO programs to help disadvantaged students enroll and complete college. TRIO programs, including Talent Search…

Graham, LaKresha

2011-01-01

469

Use of Journal Writing in the Assessment of CSD Students' Learning about Diversity: "A Method Worthy of Reflection"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the first stage of a multistep project that examined whether and to what degree journal writing provides information about students' achievement of desired learning outcomes in diversity training. Participants were 18 communication sciences and disorders graduate students enrolled in a 2-course, interinstitutional, Web-based…

Chabon, Shelly S.; Lee-Wilkerson, Dorian

2006-01-01

470

Inuit Student Teachers' Agency, Positioning and Symbolic Action: Reflections from a "Qallunaat" on Music Teaching in the Canadian Arctic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines how three Inuit student teachers in the Nunavut Teacher Education Program invested their "social and cultural capital" during a music course for classroom teachers, which the author taught in the Canadian Arctic. She describes how, through the musical games they invented for use in Inuit classrooms, these students positioned…

Russell, Joan

2006-01-01

471

Reflections on Turkish Cypriot and Greek Cypriot Students' Perceptions of the Cyprus Conflict: Implications for Peace Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study traces Turkish Cypriot and Greek Cypriot students' perceptions of the Cyprus conflict. The data comes from a 1993 Harvard workshop which included 11 Turkish Cypriot and 38 Greek Cypriot students. The workshop was a collaboration of Harvard's Conflict Management Group, AMIDEAST, and US AID. The objective of the workshop was to teach…

Erduran, Sibel

472

The Effects of Student Coaching in College: An Evaluation of a Randomized Experiment in Student Mentoring. NBER Working Paper No. 16881  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College completion and college success often lag behind college attendance. One theory as to why students do not succeed in college is that they lack key information about how to be successful or fail to act on the information that they have. We present evidence from a randomized experiment which tests the effectiveness of individualized student

Bettinger, Eric; Baker, Rachel

2011-01-01

473

The Influence of Student Effort, College Environments, and Campus Culture on Undergraduate Student Learning and Personal Development. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the contributions of student effort, campus environments and institutional culture to student learning in three types of institutions: small residential colleges; large residential universities; and universities located in metropolitan areas. Data sources were qualitative assessments of 13 campus cultures…

Kuh, George D.; And Others

474

Where Are the Academically Successful Puerto Rican Students? Five Success Factors of High Achieving Puerto Rican High School Students. JSRI Working Paper No. 61  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High achieving Puerto Rican high school students are largely missing not only from urban high schools, but also from the educational research. The purpose of this article, then, is to describe the five success factors that ten low-income urban high school students from this ethnic group attributed to their high academic achievement. These success…

Antrop-Gonzalez, Rene; Velez, William; Garrett, Tomas

2003-01-01

475

Using Blogs to Enhance Critical Reflection and Community of Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the theories of critical reflection and community of practice, the aim of this paper was to explore the use of blogs as a reflective platform in the training processes of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) student teachers, who were learning to teach English for future employment in Taiwan. They made use of blogs as a platform to critically…

Yang, Shih-Hsien

2009-01-01

476

Using reflective journals in a sustainable design studio  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to introduce a pedagogical method used in a design studio as part of a curriculum-greening process to encourage reflection on the complexity of sustainability and sustainable design. Online reflective journals were used in two semesters of a sustainable design studio to develop students' awareness and understanding of concepts relating to sustainability and

Gowri Betrabet Gulwadi

2009-01-01

477

Using reflective journals in a sustainable design studio  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to introduce a pedagogical method used in a design studio as part of a curriculum-greening process to encourage reflection on the complexity of sustainability and sustainable design. Online reflective journals were used in two semesters of a sustainable design studio to develop students' awareness and understanding of concepts relating to sustainability and sustainable design. Design\\/methodology\\/approach

Gowri Betrabet Gulwadi

2009-01-01

478

Cultivating Student Skills in Self-Regulated Learning through Evaluation of Task Complexity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to self-regulate, students need to honestly reflect on their learning and to take appropriate corrective action. A simple procedure to cultivate student skills in self-regulated learning, known as the Task Evaluation and Reflection Instrument for Student Self-Assessment (TERISSA) is discussed in this paper. TERISSA guides students through…

Belski, Regina; Belski, Iouri

2014-01-01

479

Transition Planning for Students Who Are Deafblind: Coaching from Students, Parents and Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph has assembled together student and parent biblioesssays, position papers and reflective commentary from professionals who work with deafblind students. For the students profiled in this monograph, like many deafblind students, access to academic achievement was often met with obstacles due to low expectations, inadequate support…

PEPNet-South, 2007

2007-01-01

480

New Paper from Newspaper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a paper recycling experiment in which students recycle a piece of newsprint to make a new sheet of paper. Involves collection of information from the internet for the activity. Includes both instructor information and a student worksheet. (YDS)

Journal of Chemical Education, 2001

2001-01-01

481

Managing Diversity: Reflections of Tourette Syndrome Sufferers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses a study that investigated the management of Tourette Syndrome (TS), particularly how self-reflection and instruction affects the frequency of TS behaviors. The study included 3 girls and 24 boys (ages 7-17) with TS from Victoria and New South Wales, Australia. When students were asked to indicate their general self-image and…

Wilson, Jeni; Shrimpton, Bradley

482

Deepening Discipline: Digital Reflection and Choreography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we discuss findings from a recent academic development project in which we engaged with students in an exploration of "how" they think and "what" they think about in the process of creating solo-authored choreography. The project emerged from a revisiting of the reflective frameworks identified in the validation…

Bannon, Fiona; Kirk, Carole

2014-01-01

483

Defining Tools for Teacher Reflection: The Assessment of Learner-Centered Practices (ALCP).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the development and validation of survey tools that help teachers engage in a guided reflection process. The guided reflection process assists teachers at all levels, kindergarten through college, to reflect on (1) their own beliefs and practices; (2) how these practices are perceived by their students; and (3) the impact of…

McCombs, Barbara L.

484

Institutional versus Academic Discipline Measures of Student Experience: A Matter of Relative Validity. A Student Experience in the Research University (SERU) Project Research Paper. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.8.07  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of California's census survey of undergraduates, UCUES [University of California Undergraduate Experience Survey], presents an opportunity to measure both disciplinary and institutional differences in students' academic experience. Results from nearly 60,000 responses (38% response rate) from the 2006 administration found greater…

Chatman, Steve

2007-01-01

485

The Dimensions of General Vocational Interests: A Study of Australian High School Students. Occasional Paper Number 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the structure of the general vocational interests of 2,709 male and female high school pupils in Australia. The study was part of the longitudinal "Youth in Transition," a national probability sample of Australian youth. Participants completed a 24-item questionnaire that reflected J.L. Holland's vocational interest typology.…

Athanasou, James A.

486

From the Model Minority to the Invisible Minority: Asian & Pacific American Students in Higher Education Research. AIR 1998 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper provides an overview of research on Asian and Pacific American (APA) undergraduates at U.S. institutions, focusing on the origins, assumptions, and fallacies of the "model minority" image. In addition, it offers highlights from a recent campus survey that suggests that APA students perceive their university experience differently from…

Rohrlick, Jeffrey; Alvarado, Diana; Zaruba, Karen; Kallio, Ruth

487

Alternative Modes of Measuring Self-Reports on HIV-Related Behaviors among College Students: Web-Delivered Mode versus Paper-Pencil Mode  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

HIV-related behaviors, self-reported using Web-delivered or paper-pencil modes, were collected from two convenience samples of college students at a major university in the southeastern U.S. To enhance the equivalence of the comparisons, a subset pool of participants from each group, proportionally matched on key demographic variables including…

Hou, Su-I

2007-01-01

488

Time to Work or Time to Play: The Effect of Student Employment on Homework, Housework, Screen Time, and Sleep. Working Paper 423  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research suggests that working while in high school reduces the amount of time students spend doing homework. However, an additional hour of work leads to a reduction in homework by much less than one hour, suggesting a reduction in other activities. This paper uses data from the 2003-2007 American Time Use Surveys (ATUS) to investigate the…

Kalenkoski, Charlene Marie; Pabilonia, Sabrina Wulff

2009-01-01

489

A Model for Accelerating Academic Success of Community College Remedial English Students: Is the Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) Effective and Affordable? CCRC Working Paper No. 21  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings from a quantitative analysis of the Community College of Baltimore County's Accelerated Learning Program (ALP). Under ALP, students placed into upper-level developmental writing are "mainstreamed" into English 101 classes and simultaneously enrolled in a companion ALP course (taught by the same instructor) that…

Jenkins, Davis; Speroni, Cecilia; Belfield, Clive; Jaggars, Shanna Smith; Edgecombe, Nikki

2010-01-01

490

Reasons for Staying: A Test of the Chain of Response Model among Community-College Students. AIR 2001 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses the Chain of Response Model (CRM) to help explain retention in the community college population. In the CRM, the student's decision to remain at an educational institution is not an isolated act, but rather the result of a complex chain of responses based on her/his cognitive evaluation of the present situation. The authors applied…

Salomonson, Kristen; Moss, Brian G.; Hill, H. Leon

491

Reflections on Engaging Students in the Process and Product of Strategy Development for Learning, Teaching, and Assessment: An Institutional Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two areas of growing importance for academic developers are: first, their involvement in the development of institutional and faculty learning and teaching strategies; and second, how to engage students in academic development activity at institutional, department and discipline levels. This paper explores both interests by considering how…

Healey, Mick; Mason O'Connor, Kristine; Broadfoot, Patricia

2010-01-01

492

Molecular Expressions: Mirror, Mirror on the Wall: Angles of Reflection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson plan appropriate for high school and middle school on the topic of light reflection from a mirror surface. Students predict where two people must stand so each can see the other's reflection in the mirror. They then measure the angles of incidence and reflection based upon the actual image reflection. The activity requires only a mirror, paper, and masking tape for set-up. It also contains a Java simulation on angles of reflection. This item is part of a larger collection of materials on optics and microscopy developed by the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory. SEE RELATED ITEMS on this page for a link to the full index.

Davidson, Michael

2009-05-17

493

The perils, privileges and pleasures of seeking right from wrong: reflecting upon student perspectives of social processes, value systems, agency and the becoming of identity in the dance technique classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay reflects a pedagogical qualitative action research study conducted in my university contemporary technique courses that explored constructivist, emancipatory, and transformative learning perspectives. The study offered me the opportunity to critically reflect upon my teaching practices and values in light of student perceptions of social processes at play within my classroom and how these related to understandings gained, values

Becky Dyer

2010-01-01

494

Biology Reflective Assessment Curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Often students and educators view assessments as an obligation and finality for a unit. In the current climate of high-stakes testing and accountability, the balance of time, resources and emphasis on students' scores related to assessment have been slanted considerably toward the summative side. This tension between assessment for accountability and assessment to inform teaching strains instruction and educators' ability to use that information to design learning opportunities that help students develop deeper conceptual understanding. A substantive body of research indicates that formative and reflective assessment can significantly improve student learning. Biology Reflective Assessment Curriculum (BRAC) examines support provided for high school science students through assessment practices. This investigation incorporates the usage of reflective assessments as a guiding practice for differentiated instruction and student choice. Reflective assessment is a metacognitive strategy that promotes self-monitoring and evaluation. The goals of the curriculum are to promote self-efficacy and conceptual understanding in students learning biology through developing their metacognitive awareness. BRAC was implemented in a high school biology classroom. Data from assessments, metacognitive surveys, self-efficacy surveys, reflective journals, student work, a culminating task and field notes were used to evaluate the effectiveness of the curriculum. The results suggest that students who develop their metacognitive skills developed a deeper conceptual understanding and improved feelings of self-efficacy when they were engaged in a reflective assessment unit embedded with student choice. BRAC is a tool for teachers to use assessments to assist students in becoming metacognitive and to guide student choice in learning opportunities.

Bayley, Cheryl Ann

495

Teaching Students to Model Neural Circuits and Neural Networks Using an Electronic Spreadsheet Simulator. Microcomputing Working Paper Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are a number of areas in psychology where an electronic spreadsheet simulator can be used to study and explore functional relationships among a number of parameters. For example, when dealing with sensation, perception, and pattern recognition, it is sometimes desirable for students to understand both the basic neurophysiology and the…

Hewett, Thomas T.

496

Teacher Effectiveness and the Achievement of Washington Students in Mathematics. CEDR Working Paper No. 2010-6.0  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stories about the importance of teacher effectiveness for student achievement are currently ubiquitous in the media (Gladwell 2008; Kristoff 2009; Felch et al 2010). Teacher quality is also the focus of significant national efforts and investments. A growing body of quantitative research supports the focus on teacher and teacher effectiveness.…

Goldhaber, Dan; Liddle, Stephanie; Theobald, Roddy; Walch, Joe

2010-01-01

497

Care or Cash? The Effect of Child Care Subsidies on Student Performance. NBER Working Paper No. 18086  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the wide use of childcare subsidies across countries, it is surprising how little we know about the effect of these subsidies on children's longer run outcomes. Using a sharp discontinuity in the price of childcare in Norway, we are able to isolate the effects of childcare subsidies on both parental and student outcomes. We find very small…

Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Loken, Katrine V.; Salvanes, Kjell G.

2012-01-01

498

A Study of the Educational and Career Goals of Freshman Students from the Arkansas Ozarks. SAIR Conference Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The background, career and educational aspirations, and attitudes of 148 female freshmen in the Arkansas Ozarks were studied to determine reasons for underachievement and lack of commitment among females of this region. Comparisons were also made to responses of 54 male students. All respondents were residents of 29 hill counties and attended…

Fagg, Jane; And Others

499

Online Learning: Does It Help Low-Income and Underprepared Students? CCRC Working Paper No. 26. Assessment of Evidence Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advocates of online learning are optimistic about its potential to promote greater access to college by reducing the cost and time of commuting and, in the case of asynchronous approaches, by allowing students to study on a schedule that is optimal for them. This goal of improved access has been one of the top motivators for postsecondary…

Jaggars, Shanna Smith

2011-01-01

500

In Pursuit of the Secret Shopper: Effective New Strategies for Finding and Engaging Prospective Students. Noel-Levitz White Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today, prospective students in ever greater numbers are secretly exploring colleges online on their own terms, using official and unofficial sources, without completing a college's response form. Many are withholding college entrance exam scores from colleges they might be interested in and remaining unknown to their institutions of choice until…

Noel-Levitz, Inc, 2010

2010-01-01