Note: This page contains sample records for the topic students grades 6-8 from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Elementary School Student Burnout Scale for Grades 6-8: A Study of Validity and Reliability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to develop an "Elementary School Student Burnout Scale for Grades 6-8". The study group included 691 students out of 10 schools in Eskisehir. Both Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis were conducted on the data (Burnout stem from school activities, burnout stem from family, feeling of…

Aypay, Ayse

2011-01-01

2

Shaping up Your Financial Future, Grades 6-8. Teacher Guide [and] Student Workouts. Financial Fitness for Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Middle school students enjoy personal finance because it involves making decisions about their lives, both in the present and in the future. This teacher's guide and student workouts package consists of 17 economics lessons for students at grades 6-8 that are divided into 5 theme areas: the economic way of thinking; earning an income; saving;…

Flowers, Barbara; Gallaher, Sheryl Szot

3

Metacognitive and language-specific knowledge in native and foreign language reading comprehension: an emprical study among Dutch students in grades 6, 8 and 10  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article gives the results of a study among 685 students in grades 6, 8 and 10 in the Netherlands to whom we administered grade-appropriate measures of reading comprehension and vocabulary knowledge in their native language (NL), Dutch, as well as, in grades 8 and 10, in English as a foreign language (EFL). All students answered the same questionnaire on

Rob Schoonen; Jan Hulstijn; Bart Bossers

1998-01-01

4

Statistics and probability. Grades 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This MathPARTNERS unit contains seven lessons with hands-on learning activities for exploring statistics and probability with students in grades 6-8. The lessons, designed for mentoring situations, may also be helpful for teachers and parents. Each lesson with reproducible student materials, features an overview of the mathematics, preparation guidelines, teaching tips, and suggestions for how to use each activity to develop specific mathematics concepts. Statistics activities focus on posing questions, data gathering, identifying bias, understanding measures of central tendency, representing data with graphs, and interpreting data. Probability activities introduce fairness in games and the computation of probability. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Center, Education D.

2003-01-01

5

Effects of the Sunny Days, Healthy Ways Curriculum on Students in Grades 6-8  

PubMed Central

Background There are few effective sun safety education programs for use in secondary schools. The project aims were to create a sun safety curriculum for grades 6–9 and to test whether exposure to the curriculum would increase children’s sun protection behavior. Design A pair-matched group-randomized pretest-posttest controlled trial, with middle schools as the unit of randomization, was performed. Teachers implemented the six-unit sun safety curriculum in 2001–03 and analyses were performed in 2003–04. Setting/participants 2038 children from 30 middle schools in Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona. Main outcome measures Self-reported sun protection behavior using frequency ratings and diary. Results Compared to control schools, children receiving the curriculum reported more frequent sun protection (p=0.0035), and a greater proportion wore long-sleeved shirts in during recess (p<0.0001) and applied sunscreen (p<0.0001). Exposure to the curriculum improved knowledge (p<0.0001), decreased perceived barriers to using sunscreen (p=0.0046), and enhanced self-efficacy expectations (p=0.0577) about sun safety, and reduced favorable attitudes toward sun tanning (p=0.0026 to <0.0001). In intent-to-treat analyses, the treatment effect was eliminated only under the most conservative assumptions about dropouts. Conclusions Educational approaches to sun safety in middle school may be effective for improving children’s sun safety. Potential trial limitations include measuring short-term outcomes, focusing on young adolescents, using active parental consent, and testing in the American southwest.

Buller, David B.; Reynolds, Kim D.; Yaroch, Amy; Cutter, Gary R.; Hines, Joan M.; Geno, Cristy R.; Maloy, Julie A.; Brown, Melissa; Woodall, W. Gill; Grandpre, Joseph

2006-01-01

6

Tessellations (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This applet can be used to investigate what a tessellation is and what it means to tile a plane. Students can create patterns that entirely cover the workspace by selecting, placing, and rotating multiple copies of one or two of the five regular polygons. A regular polygon is a polygon that is both equilateral and equiangular, and it can be in the shape of a triangle, square, hexagon, octagon, and dodecagon. Students can form a regular tessellation with multiple copies of one polygon or a semi regular tessellation using multiple copies of two polygons. Eight colors are available to add interest when creating designs. The applet also has a zoom feature. Instructions for using the applet, along with a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Standard for Geometry are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

7

Statistics and probability. Grades 6-8 assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This assessment material is designed to help the mentor determine what a grade 6-8 student understands about statistics and probability. The material contains a set of seven short assessment activities that require the use of paper and pens. Also found is an inventory for use by the student's classroom teacher and a mentor planning guide. Answers to assessment questions are correlated to specific activities available in the related instructional unit. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Center, Education D.

2003-01-01

8

Portable Sundial. Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this activity, students investigate the accuracy of sundials and the discrepancy that lies between "real time" and "clock time". The position of the sun is tracked over the course of a relatively short period of time as students make a shadow plot, a horizontal sundial, and a diptych sundial. This activity requires 90-minutes over several weeks…

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

9

Box model (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative enables the student to randomly generate data that is displayed on a chart. The chart shows the results of a simulated drawing with replacement from a set of numbers selected by the student. The manipulative can be used to simulate flipping a coin or tossing a die. A pause button stops the simulation. A button for showing theoretical probability places an outline on the theoretical probabilities chart, which allows the student to compare the theoretical and experimental probabilities. Instructions for how to use the manipulative, suggestions for classroom use, and a link to the NCTM standard for data analysis and probability are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

10

The Road Weâre On (Grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this module released by General Motors Education students (grades 6-8) learn about the science of electricity and its application to the auto industry. Included are three lesson plans (2-3 class periods each), worksheets, teacherâs guide, and an interactive online digital magazine. Lesson plans include the following topics: (1) energy sources (renewable and non-renewable), energy technology, and measuring carbon footprints, (2) battery chemistry, technology, and automotive applications, (3) innovation, the impact of innovations such as electric cars, and creating innovations.

Motors, General

11

How high? : geometry (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With this virtual manipulative, the student investigates conservation of volume with a virtual simulation of pouring a liquid from one container to a container of the same shape, but of a different size. There are four cylinder shapes to choose from: rectangular prism, cylinder, cone, and pyramid. The left container is partially filled with liquid and the base dimensions of the two cylinders are given. The student uses a slider to estimate how high the liquid will rise when poured into the second container. After clicking the button that initiates pouring, the student can compare the estimate with the results. Multiple problems are available, as are instructions for using the applet and a link to the NCTM standard for geometry. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

12

Grapher : algebra (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using this online manipulative, students can graph one to three functions on the same window, trace the function paths to see coordinates, and zoom in on a region of the graph. Function parameters can be varied as can the domain and range of the display. Tabs allow the student to incorporate fractions, powers, and roots into their functions. Instructions for using the manipulative and a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standard for algebra are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

13

Platonic solids, duals (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using this virtual manipulative, the student can examine the dual relationship among the five platonic solids, each a polyhedron with identical regular polygonal faces. Every platonic solid has a unique platonic solid that fits inside it, with its vertices at the midpoints of the original solid. The student can manipulate, color, and change the size of each solid. A transparent mode is available for viewing the outline of each polyhedron and its dual. Instructions for using the applet and information about platonic solids are included. There is also a link to the NCTM standard for geometry. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

14

Stop the Stretching. Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this activity, students learn about composite materials, tension as a force, and how they act on structural components through the design and testing of a strip of plastic chair webbing. This activity requires a 60-minute time period for completion. (Author/NB)

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

15

Design a Parachute. Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a discussion about what a parachute is and how it works, students create a parachute using different materials that they think will work best. They then test their designs, which is followed by a class discussion to highlight which paper material worked best. This activity requires a 60-minute time period for completion. (Author/SOE)

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

16

MRC: Mission Measurements Grade 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about how to answer a scientific or engineering question. Learners will refine the scientific question they generated in Lesson 5 so that it can be answered by data and/or modeling, brainstorm possible solutions for the scientific question chosen, determine reasonableness of solutions, use concept maps to enhance meaningful learning. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, two Vocabulary Cards, and a concept map supplement. This is lesson 6 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

17

Golden rectangle (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative can help students visualize the golden rectangle. It shows how a set of golden rectangles is generated by using the golden ratio (the ratio of the longer side to the shorter side of a golden rectangle) to create smaller golden rectangles within an initial rectangle. The size of the initial rectangle can be varied, and the center of the spiral generated by the applet can be seen. Instructions for using this online manipulative are included on the site, as is a link to the NCTM standard for geometry. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

18

Factor tree (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative challenges the learner to find the prime factors for a pair of numbers. The factors for each number are displayed in a tree diagram from which the student drags the factors to the appropriate areas of a Venn diagram. The Venn diagram offers a useful visual display showing unique factors and common factors for the original pair of numbers. Using the display, the learner must find the pair's least common multiple (LCM) and greatest common factor (GCF). Buttons allow users to check their answers and select new problems. Instructions for using the manipulative are included, along with information about factoring. The site also links to the NCTM standard for number and operations. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

19

Towers of Hanoi : algebra (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online version of the classic Towers of Hanoi puzzle features three spindles and a graduated stack of discs with the largest disc on the bottom. The student solves the puzzle by moving all discs from the original spindle to a new spindle in the smallest number of moves possible while never placing a larger disc on a smaller disc. The manipulative keeps track of the number of moves that have been taken. The student selects the number of discs, ranging from two to eight, and can click the reset button to return all discs to the original position on one spindle and restart the counter at zero. Instructions for using the manipulative and a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) grade 6-8 standard for algebra are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

20

Metacognitive and Language-Specific Knowledge in Native and Foreign Language Reading Comprehension: An Empirical Study Among Dutch Students in Grades 6, 8, and 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a study of grades six, eight, and ten students in the Netherlands to whom grade-appropriate measures of reading comprehension and vocabulary knowledge were administered in their native language, Dutch, as well as in English. The aim was to explore relative contributions to native language and foreign language reading comprehension of a…

Schoonen, Rob; Hulstijn, Jan; Bossers, Bart

1998-01-01

21

Introduction to Communication, Grades 6-8 [with CD-ROM]. The Math Process Standards, Grades 6-8 Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' (NCTM's) Process Standards support teaching that helps students develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every middle grades math teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. The series offers friendly,…

O'Connell, Susan; Croskey, Suzanne G.

2008-01-01

22

Development and Validation of an Instrument to Measure Student Knowledge Gains for Chemical and Physical Change for Grades 6-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers tend to instruct topically, which requires the student to use multiple and interconnected concepts to succeed in each instructional unit. Therefore, it is beneficial to combine research on related concepts to form topic driven instruments to better assist teachers in assessing and instructing students. Chemical and physical change as a…

Christian, Brittany N.; Yezierski, Ellen J.

2012-01-01

23

Mathematics & Economics: Connections for Life, Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains a set of 12 lessons for middle school students that demonstrate how mathematical processes and concepts may be applied to the study of economics and personal finance. Mathematics educators can find lessons connecting mathematics instruction to practical problems and issues that students encounter throughout their life. The…

Hoff, Jody; McCorkle, Sarapage; Suiter, Mary; Bettendorf, James; Breidenbach, Lisa; Cornwell, Pamela

24

Vocational Consumer Education: Homemaking, Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide presents a sequential program for Grades 6, 7, and 8 in vocational homemaking education in the Fort Worth, Texas, public schools. Concepts, behavioral objectives, generalization, and learning experiences are shown for nutrition and meal management, consumer education, home management and housing, family living, child…

West, Doris; And Others

25

MRC: Overview of the Solar System Grades 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about size and scale of the solar system. Learners will review the structure, content and size of the Solar System. This lesson is designed using the 5E instructional model and includes: teacher training, unit pacing guides, essential questions, a black-line master science notebook, a student presentation booklet, supplemental materials, and vocabulary for both students and teachers. This is lesson 1 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

26

Grapher : number and operations (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using this online manipulative, students can graph one to three functions in the same window, trace the function paths to see coordinates, and zoom in on a region of the graph. Function parameters can be varied as can the domain and range of the display. Tabs allow the student to incorporate fractions, powers, and roots into their functions. Instructions for using the manipulative and a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standard for number and operations are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

27

MRC: Selecting Teams Rover Mission Grade 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about scientific and enginering investigation. Learners will review what they have learned, construct a valid scientific question that can be answered by data and/or modeling, and choose an appropriate mission for their rover that will answer their scientific question. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes : TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, four Vocabulary Cards, and supplements on Writing a Scientific Question and Mission Choices. This is lesson 5 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

28

MRC: Research Tools and Skills Grade 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about how to learn about Mars. Learners will explore the features of Mars through a demonstration of Google Earth Mars, gather, and analyze data from multiple sources on the internet as well as print sources, develop and use strategies for reading informational text to systematically find information, understand that Earth and Mars have similar geological features. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, two Vocabulary Cards, and a reading strategy supplement. This is lesson 3 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

29

MRC: Manual and Skit Grade 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about mission presentation. Learners will brainstorm ideas to be developed into a team skit, work cooperatively to assign duties and write a team skit, collaborate with team members to complete the Mars Rover Manual. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, three Vocabulary Cards, the Manual Template, and a presentation writing Mini-Lesson. This is lesson 13 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

30

MRC: Spacecraft Structure and Design Grade 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about spacecraft structure and design. Learners will investigate probes and rovers to learn how they are built, learn about the propulsion, navigation, controls and daily handling of spacecraft, gather, and analyze data from multiple sources on the internet, understand how rovers communicate with Earth. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, two Vocabulary Cards, a Vocabulary Toolbox and four workstation handouts. This is lesson 9 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

31

MRC: Brainstorm and Preliminary Design Grade 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson plan about the engineering design process. Learners will identify, become familiar with and use the Engineering Design Process, use the Engineering Design Process to sketch a reasonable drawing of the rover that will be built, use the steps of the Engineering Design Process to build a Mars Rover prototype, develop a concept map to communicate requirements and features of the rover. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, three Vocabulary Cards, and a concept map Mini-Lesson. This is lesson 11 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

32

Earthwatch: Designing Environmental Education into the Curriculum. Volume II, Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The environmental education activities package for grades 6-8 contains activities in the following curriculum areas: (1) social science; (2) science; (3) language arts; and (4) mathematics. The activities are divided into seven sections based on seven environmental topics: (1) ecosystems; (2) population; (3) energy and resources; (4) economics,…

Schaefer, Larry, Ed.; Hungerford, Nancy, Ed.

33

Fine Arts, Grades 3, 6, 8, 10, 12. State Goals for Learning and Sample Learning Objectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, developed by the Illinois State Boaord of Education, identifies five state goals for learning in the fine arts, and provides sample learning objectives for grades, 3, 6, 8, 10, 12, which are consistent with the goals. The state goals for learning are broadly stated expressions of what the Illinois State Board of Education expects…

Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield. Dept. of School Improvement Services.

34

Social Sciences, Grades 3, 6, 8, 10, 12. State Goals for Learning and Sample Learning Objectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, developed by the Illinois State Board of Education, identifies five goals for learning in the social sciences, and provides sample learning objectives for grades 3, 6, 8, 10, 12, which are consistent with these goals. The state goals for learning are broadly stated expressions of what the Illinois State Board of Education wants and…

Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield. Dept. of School Improvement Services.

35

Introduction to Problem Solving, Grades 6-8 [with CD-ROM]. The Math Process Standards, Grades 6-8 Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' (NCTM's) Process Standards support teaching that helps students develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every middle grades math teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. The series offers friendly,…

Schackow, Joy Bronston; O'Connell, Susan

2008-01-01

36

Connecting the Dots: A Handbook Series for Teachers of English Language Arts, Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to grow into a 2-inch three-ring binder, this handbook is part of a series for teachers of grades 6-8 language arts. The handbook aims to clarify some points, to provide a framework for new teachers and to give veteran teachers some new ideas. Volume I contains activities to use in the classroom, and Volume II is "all about books." The…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Instructional Services.

37

Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8: Climate Change Curriculum Developed Through a Collaboration Between Scientists and Educators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today's youth have been tasked with the overwhelming job of addressing the world's climate future. The students who will become the scientists, policy makers, and citizens of tomorrow must gain a robust understanding of the causes and effects of climate change, as well as possible adaptation strategies. Currently, there are few high quality curricula available to teachers that address these topics in a developmentally appropriate manner. The NOAA-funded Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8 aims to address this gap by providing teachers with scientifically accurate climate change curriculum that hits on some of the most salient points in climate science, while simultaneously developing students' science process skills. The Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8 is developed through a collaboration between some of the nation's leading ocean and climate scientists and the Lawrence Hall of Science's highly qualified GEMS (Great Explorations in Math & Science) curriculum development team. Scientists are active partners throughout the whole development process, from initial brainstorming of key concepts and creating the conceptual storyline for the curriculum to final review of the content and activities. As with all GEMS Sequences, the Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8 is designed to provide significant scientific and educational depth, systematic assessments and informational readings, and incorporate new learning technologies. The goal is to focus strategically and effectively on the core concepts within ocean and climate sciences that students need to understand. This curriculum is designed in accordance with the latest research from the learning sciences, and provides numerous opportunities for students to develop inquiry skills and abilities as they learn about the practice of science through hands-on activities. The Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8 addresses in depth a significant number of national, state, and district standards and benchmarks. It aligns with the Ocean Literacy and Climate Literacy Frameworks, as well as multiple core ideas in the new National Academy of Sciences Framework for K-12 Science Education. In brief, the curriculum comprises 33 45-minute sessions organized into three thematic units that are each driven by an exploratory question: Unit 1 (11 sessions)-How do the ocean and atmosphere interact?; Unit 2 (8 sessions)-How does carbon flow through the ocean, land, and atmosphere?; and Unit 3 (12 sessions)-What are the causes and effects of climate change? The curriculum deliberately explores the ocean and climate as global systems, and challenges students to use scientific evidence to make explanations about climate change. The Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8 is currently being classroom tested by teachers across the United States in a wide variety of classroom settings. Evaluation is also being undertaken to determine the efficacy of the sequence in addressing the curriculum's learning goals.

Weiss, E.; Skene, J.; Tran, L.

2011-12-01

38

Teaching the Common Core Math Standards with Hands-On Activities, Grades 6-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The new Common Core State Standards for Mathematics have been formulated to provide students with instruction that will help them acquire a thorough knowledge of math at their grade level, which will in turn enable them to move on to higher mathematics with competence and confidence. "Hands-on Activities for Teaching the Common Core Math…

Muschla, Judith A.; Muschla, Gary Robert; Muschla, Erin

2012-01-01

39

Math and Reading Differences between 6-8 and K-8 Grade Span Configurations: A Multiyear, Statewide Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We analyzed the effect of grade span configurations (i.e., 6-8 versus K-8) on reading and math performance in Texas public schools for the last 5 school years. Participants in this study were 628 Texas schools (i.e., 314 middle schools and 314 K-8 schools) distributed across the 5 school years examined. Schools configured as K-8 schools were…

Clark, David M.; Slate, John R.; Combs, Julie P.; Moore, George W.

2013-01-01

40

Grading Students in Inclusive Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers guidelines for determining equitable, accountable, and effective grading practices and policies for all students that balance the need for a common set of standards and the individual needs of the students. Purposes of grading, grading systems, and effective instructional practices that support grading processes are discussed.…

Salend, Spencer J.; Duhaney, Laurel M. Garrick

2002-01-01

41

MRC: Introduction to Mars and the Mars Rover Celebration Project Grade 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson plan about the surface and geology of Mars. Learners will record detailed observations of a simulated surface and core sample of Mars, analyze a simulated surface and core sample of Mars, compare and contrast an unknown foreign object with the surface and interior of Mars, and learn preliminary facts about Mars, its surface, and its place in the solar system. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, three Vocabulary Cards, and a Mini-Lesson. This is lesson 2 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

42

Alternatives to Grading Student Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The result of an investigation into the grading writing by the National Council of Teachers of English Committee on Alternatives to Grading Student Writing, this collection of essays offers the writing teacher several innovative and interesting options. Following an introduction by the editor (chair of the Committee), in which he delineates the…

Tchudi, Stephen, Ed.

43

Physical Development and Health, Grades 3, 6, 8, 10, 12. State Goals for Learning and Sample Learning Objectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document sets forth the state goals for learning in the area of physical development and health for elementary and secondary students in Illinois. The final objective of this schooling is to provide students with the knowledge and attitudes to achieve healthful living throughout their lives and to acquire physical fitness, coordination, and…

Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield.

44

Sea Turtle Trek, Hammocks Beach State Park: An Environmental Education Learning Experience Designed for Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Hammocks Beach State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets the curriculum objectives of the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are…

Bland, Samuel S.

45

Sea Turtle Trek. Hammocks Beach State Park: An Environmental Education Learning Experience Designed for Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Hammocks Beach State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets curriculum objectives of the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are included:…

Bland, Samuel S.

46

Grading of Student's Attainment: Purposes and Functions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the history of grading and discusses the complex problem of evaluation and grading of student achievement. Reviews the various reference measures and notes the type of functions grades are supposed to serve. Cites seven alternatives to traditional grading. Concludes that "grades are the tail that wags the dog." (BRR)

Lysne, Anders

1984-01-01

47

Eight Stars of Gold--The Story of Alaska's Flag. Middle School Activities (Grades 6-8).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activities booklet focuses on the story of Alaska's state flag. The booklet is for use in teaching middle school students. Each activity contains: background information, a summary and time estimate, Alaska state standards, a step-by-step technique for classroom implementation of the activity, assessment tips, materials and resources needed,…

Alaska State Museum, Juneau.

48

A Watered-Down Topographic Map. Submarine Ring of Fire--Grades 6-8. Topographic and Bathymetric Maps.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity is designed to teach about topographic maps and bathymetric charts. Students are expected to create a topographic map from a model landform, interpret a simple topographic map, and explain the difference between topographic and bathymetric maps. The activity provides learning objectives, a list of needed materials, key vocabulary…

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (DOC), Rockville, MD.

49

Delaware Student Testing Program: Report of Student Questionnaire Survey, 2002 DSTP Administration for Grades 3, 5, 8, 10, and 11 in Reading, Writing, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the administration of the 2002 Delaware Student Testing Program (DSTP), a questionnaire was given to students in grades 3, 5, 8, and 10 about Opportunity to Learn, Reading, Writing, and Mathematics, and to all students in grades 4, 6, 8, and 11 about Opportunity to Learn, Science, and Social Studies. Students responses to the questions were…

Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover. Assessment and Accountability Branch.

50

The entomologist as a science partner and curriculum advisor: The Earth School model for grades 6--8  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Earth School model for creation of partnerships between university scientists and public schools began with a traditional research project involving the study of macroinvertebrate recolonization of agriculturally based restored wetlands. From fieldwork designed to address hypotheses of community composition over time, protocols and equipment evolved for application in middle-school classrooms. In addition to classroom teachers guiding their students in replicating active scientific research, the inclusion of a science partner was key to the success of this model. To ensure that the classroom teachers were themselves comfortable as researchers, monthly staff development workshops were conducted as a component of the Earth School model. The use of entomology as a unifying theme for educational scientific investigation lets the student explore virtually every other system in the biosphere. Because of the unparalleled survivability and adaptability of insects, we can find examples from all biomes, all time references and all disciplines. Over the course of long-term continuous exploration, learners become familiar with relationships and patterns evident in natural situations. These same patterns of birth, growth and decay are much more vividly demonstrated in the field than in textbooks. Similarly, concrete examples of feeding relationships between organisms are plentiful in nearly any outdoor situation. The following model incorporates current research from multiple scientific disciplines but focuses on the many and varied research activities offered by the entomological community. Teachers and students in a primarily urban setting made extensive use of the materials developed through the course of this model's development. Their feedback as the materials were integrated into an established curriculum allowed for the fine-tuning of activity development. A conversion template has evolved that gives teachers, curriculum directors, parents and other educators a simple mechanism for adapting the work of leading researchers into activities suitable for all age levels and all learning abilities. As public schools rally to change the course of science education, they are met with a seemingly never-ending supply of materials promoted as hands-on learning. To the extent that the manipulation of tangible objects and materials supports identified outcome objectives, these materials fulfill their promise. Although there is merit in offering these types of kinesthetic experiences to reinforce theories and principles of science, this approach does not address the same goal as activities that promote 'doing science' through investigation and discovery using a process that includes observation, inquiry, design and collaboration. The active recruiting of and collaboration with science partners from universities offers public school teachers and their students an alternative for curriculum enrichment as the nation strives to reach literacy goals in the sciences.

Marshall, Bethany Johnston

51

Grading Adaptations for Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues surround grading for all students, especially those with disabilities, who are at increased risk for grades that are low, inaccurate, and lacking in meaning. Teachers often recognize grading issues and will exercise judgment in making informal adaptations to the regular grading system. When chosen collaboratively and implemented…

Silva, Melissa; Munk, Dennis D.; Bursuck, William D.

2005-01-01

52

College Course Grades for Dual Enrollment Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared college course grade outcomes, both during and after high school, of dual-enrollment students to those of traditional students. The study was based on a large, multiyear sample of Iowa high school and community college students. The results showed that while in high school, dual-enrollment students consistently outperformed…

Crouse, Jill D.; Allen, Jeff

2014-01-01

53

Elementary Grades Students' Capacity for Functional Thinking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a study of how urban elementary grades students develop and express functions. Data were analyzed according to the forms of representations students used, the progression in students' mathematical language and the operations they employed, and how they attended to one or more varying quantities. Findings indicate that students are capable…

Blanton, Maria L.; Kaput, James J.

2004-01-01

54

Graduate Student Attitudes toward Grading Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined graduate student attitudes towards letter and pass/fail grading systems in the Law School and the School of Education in a selective university in the United States. Fifty-four students completed a questionnaire on goal orientations (ability comparison vs. mastery), amount of effort and stress in each of the two grading

Michaelides, Michalis; Kirshner, Ben

2005-01-01

55

Teacher Evaluation by Graded and Ungraded Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluations of the same 64 teachers by graded students in college agreed with evaluations by ungraded students. This agreement suggests that teacher evaluations were not simply a response to grades, although they were positively associated with them, both within and across teachers. (Author/CP)

Peterson, Christopher; Cooper, Alvan

1980-01-01

56

Does Study Abroad Grading Motivate Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic officers at U.S. colleges and universities face a number of important decisions regarding how credits and grades earned overseas as part of a study abroad program should be incorporated into students' home academic records. The purpose of this article is to take a closer look at the way grades are handled at home institutions and the way…

Trooboff, Stevan; Cressey, William; Monty, Susan

2004-01-01

57

Correlates of College Students' Attitudes toward Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the development of the Attitude Toward Grades (ATG) survey instrument, a brief internally consistent measure of college student attitude toward grades and reports on selected behavioral correlates of that attitude. An initial item pool of approximately 50 attitude statements was created and the Thurstone equal appearing…

Bahn, Changhwan; And Others

58

Developing Middle Grades Students' MP3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Middle grades are a critical time for capturing the interest and imagination and developing the potential of mathematically promising students. This is a time for students to make sense of mathematics, build a solid foundation and enthusiasm, and set the course for the highest levels of mathematics in the future. This is a time to explore their…

Tassell, Janet; Stobaugh, Rebecca; Sheffield, Linda

2011-01-01

59

Evaluating and Reporting Student Progress. Grade 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of the emphasis on accountability in education, the faculty of Colonel E. Brooke Lee Junior High School wrote basic and advanced instructional objectives for each course in the curriculum. This publication lists these performance objectives for each subject at grade 9. The purpose of such a system is to give parents and students an…

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

60

Evaluating and Reporting Student Progress. Grade 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of the emphasis on accountability in education, the faculty of Colonel E. Brooke Lee Junior High School wrote basic and advanced instructional objectives for each course in the curriculum. This publication lists these performance objectives for each subject at grade 8. The purpose of such a system is to give parents and students an…

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

61

Evaluating and Reporting Student Progress. Grade 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of the emphasis on accountability in education, the faculty of Colonel E. Brooke Lee Junior High School wrote basic and advanced instructional objectives for each course in the curriculum. This publication lists these performance objectives for each subject at grade 7. The purpose of such a system is to give parents and students an…

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

62

Cross-Grade Comparison of Students' Understanding of Energy Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aims of this cross-grade study were (1) to determine the level of understanding of energy concepts of students at different academic grades and the differences in understanding between these grades and (2) to analyse the conceptual development of these students. Two hundred and forty-three students at 3 different levels (high school,…

Saglam-Arslan, Aysegul

2010-01-01

63

Grading Written Projects: What Approaches Do Students Find Most Helpful?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conscientious marketing faculty spend extensive hours grading student essays and projects. As instructors work on grading papers, they may wonder how effective their comments are. The author explored how students in a marketing principles class reported their use of various grading methods. Students generally preferred rubrics with ratings and…

Smith, Lois J.

2008-01-01

64

Close Encounter With a Carolina Bay. Jones Lake State Park: An Environmental Education Learning Experience Designed for Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Jones Lake State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets curriculum objectives in the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are included:…

Helms, J. Christopher; Corbett, Robert J.

65

An Examination on the Impact of School Grade Configuration on Eighth Grade Student Academic Achievement In Reading, Writing, and Math  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research effort was to examine the impact of grade configuration on eighth grade student achievement in Math, Reading, and Writing. The quantitative research design used publicly available data and studied the 2000 through 2007 Arizona standards-based, eighth grade student test results across six grade configurations for all Arizona eighth grade students. Additional variables included student gender,

Joyce Lutrey

2008-01-01

66

Implications of the Effects of Grade Configurations on Fifth Grade Students' Science Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if grade level configuration and student achievement in science, specifically fifth grade Science TAKS scores are related. This study utilized a causal comparative (ex post facto) design to determine if a consistent relationship existed between fifth grade students' success on the science TAKS at the…

Johnson, Delonda

2011-01-01

67

Grade Level Retention of Texas Students, 1996-97 Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report looks at student retention in Texas over a 4-year period, beginning with the 1993-94 school year. Grade-level retention is typically defined as having a student repeat an unsuccessful grade or holding back a child not developmentally ready to enter school. The information is analyzed by grade, ethnicity, and gender, as well as other…

Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Research and Evaluation.

68

College Students' Evaluations of Teaching and Grade Inflation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined whether the use of student evaluations of teaching effectiveness has been a contributing factor to a trend of grade inflation in a mid-sized, public university in the Midwest. Found a predictive relationship between student ratings of teaching and expected grades and an encouragement over time of grade inflation. (EV)

Eiszler, Charles F.

2002-01-01

69

The Effect of Various Grading Scales on Student Grade Point Averages  

PubMed Central

Objective. To investigate changes in and the impact of grading scales from 2005 to 2010 and explore pharmacy faculty and student perceptions of whole-letter and plus/minus grading scales on cumulative grade point averages (GPAs) in required courses. Methods. Grading scales used in 2010 at the University of Cincinnati College of Pharmacy were retrospectively identified and compared to those used in 2005. Mean GPA was calculated using a whole-letter grading scale and a plus/minus grading scale to determine the impact of scales on GPA. Faculty members and students were surveyed regarding their perceptions of plus/minus grading. Results. Nine unique grading scales were used throughout the curriculum, including plus/minus (64%) and whole-letter (21%) grading scales. From 2005 to 2010 there was transition from use of predominantly whole-letter scales to plus/minus grading scales. The type of grading scale used did not affect the mean cumulative GPA. Students preferred use of a plus-only grading scale while faculty members preferred use of a plus/minus grading scale. Conclusions. The transition from whole-letter grading to plus/minus grading in courses from 2005 to 2010 reflects pharmacy faculty members’ perception that plus/minus grading allows for better differentiation between students’ performances.

Barnes, Kelli D.

2012-01-01

70

Teacher Effects on Minority and Disadvantaged StudentsGrade 4 Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examined the differential effects of teachers on female, minority, and low-socioeconomic status (SES) students’ achievement in Grade 4. They used data from a randomized experiment (Project STAR) and its follow-up study (LBS). Student outcomes included Grade 4 SAT scores in mathematics, reading, and science and student demographics included gender, race, and SES. The authors used multilevel models to

Spyros Konstantopoulos; Vicki Chung

2011-01-01

71

Cognitive Dissonance or Revenge? Student Grades and Course Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I tested 2 competing theories to explain the connection between students' expected grades and ratings of instructors: cognitive dissonance and revenge. Cognitive dissonance theory holds that students who expect poor grades rate instructors poorly to minimize ego threat whereas the revenge theory holds that students rate instructors poorly in an…

Maurer, Trent W.

2006-01-01

72

Seventh grade students' conceptions of global warming and climate change  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate seventh grade students' conceptions of global warming and climate change. The study was descriptive in nature and involved the collection of qualitative data from 91 seventh grade students from three different schools in the Midwest, USA. An open response and draw and explain assessment instrument was administered to students. These data were

Daniel P. Shepardson; Dev Niyogi; Soyoung Choi; Umarporn Charusombat

2009-01-01

73

Investigation of Fifth Grade Students' Mathematical Calibration Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to develop a scale to measure fifth grade students' mathematical calibration skills. Besides, it aims to determine students' calibration skills through this scale. Results of the study revealed that fifth-grade students (n = 94) enrolling to study, have a medium-high level of (M = 55.12, SD = 21.76) mathematical…

Ozsoy, Gokhan

2012-01-01

74

Science Teaching Methods Preferred by Grade 9 Students in Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students find science relevant to society, but they do not find school science interesting. This survey study analyzes Finnish grade 9 students' actual experiences with science teaching methods and their preferences for how they would like to study science. The survey data were collected from 3,626 grade 9 students (1,772 girls and 1,832 boys)…

Juuti, Kalle; Lavonen, Jari; Uitto, Anna; Byman, Reijo; Meisalo, Veijo

2010-01-01

75

Ninth Grade Students' Understanding of The Nature of Scientific Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the 9th-grade students' understandings of the nature of scientific knowledge. The study also aimed to investigate the differences in students' understanding of the nature of scientific knowledge by gender, and school types. A total of 575 ninth grade students from four different school types (General…

Kilic, Kerem; Sungur, Semra; Cakiroglu, Jale; Tekkaya, Ceren

2005-01-01

76

A comparison of achievement in K--8 schools and 6--8 schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effects of school configuration on student achievement and student opinion. Small public school districts in Tennessee containing K-8 or 6-8 schools were compared using proficient and advanced percentages and TVAAS gains in reading\\/language arts and math. Comparisons were also made using the ACT\\/EXPLORE assessment given to all eighth grade students in Tennessee. A student opinion survey

Marcia G Melton

2010-01-01

77

Item Study Summary Report Sequential Tests of Educational Progress (STEP); Reading, Mathematics and Writing for Grades 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 by State and District School Year 1970-1971. Research Report No. 77.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the sixth of a series of reports having to do with item studies of the Sequential Tests of Educational Progress (STEP) regularly administered to students in grades four, six, eight, ten, and twelve enrolled in the public school system in Hawaii. The item study summaries prepared for achievement tests administered at the various…

Hawaii State Dept. of Education, Honolulu. Office of Instructional Services.

78

Understanding Factors That Influence Academic Performance in Tenth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines factors contributing to the poor academic performance of tenth grade high school students. Throughout my eight years teaching experience at this grade-level, the one constant from class to class and year-to year is the academic decline. This decline typically starts at the end of ninth grade, becomes obvious and serious in…

Smith, Denise

2011-01-01

79

Exploring Tessellations (Grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners design unique tiles and make repeating patterns to create tessellations. This activity combines the creativity of an art project with the challenge of solving a puzzle. This lesson features three investigations, in which learners make tessellations by translating, rotating, and reflecting the patterns.

Exploratorium

2010-01-01

80

Self-Perceived Levels of Responsibility in Seventh Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, conducted at Churchill Junior High School in Royal Oak, Michigan, examined the effectiveness of the Student Responsibility Profile (SRP)and investigated the attitudes of eighth grade students and teachers toward the SRP. The profile allows staff members to evaluate student responsibility performance in 10 areas and allows students to…

Martello, Chris

81

Students' Distress over Grades: Entitlement or a Coping Response?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faculties across disciplines have noted an increasing number of students who are highly distressed over grades, and this distress is accompanied by pervasive demands on professors. The student behavior takes several forms, including demands for higher grades, expectations of special accommodations by faculty, and the predictions of dire outcomes…

Baer, Judith C.

2011-01-01

82

Investigating Urban Eighth-Grade Students' Knowledge of Energy Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated urban eighth-grade students' knowledge of energy resources and associated issues including energy acquisition, energy generation, storage and transport, and energy consumption and conservation. A 39 multiple-choice-item energy resources knowledge assessment was completed by 1043 eighth-grade students in urban schools in two…

Bodzin, Alec

2012-01-01

83

Omani Twelfth Grade Students' Most Common Misconceptions in Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study, undertaken in the Sultanate of Oman, explored twelfth grade students' common misconceptions in seven chemistry conceptual areas. The sample included 786 twelfth grade students in Oman while the instrument was a two-tier test called Chemistry Misconceptions Diagnostic Test (CMDT), consisting of 25 items with 12 items…

Al-Balushi, Sulaiman M.; Ambusaidi, Abdullah K.; Al-Shuaili, Ali H.; Taylor, Neil

2012-01-01

84

Grade Level Retention of Texas Students. 1994-95 Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Texas Education Code requires the Texas Education Agency to submit a comprehensive biennial report on the number of students retained in grade level in the Texas public school system. This report presents a summary of the literature on the effects of grade level retention on the academic, social, and psychological development of students,…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

85

Fifth Grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Earthquakes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study intends to investigate the fifth grade students' conceptions of earthquakes. Twenty two grade 5 students (11-12 years old) from five different elementary schools in Istanbul voluntarily participated in the study. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews with each participant. Six interview questions were designed by…

Savasci, Funda; Uluduz, Hatice

2013-01-01

86

Solving Graphics Problems: Student Performance in Junior Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors investigated the performance of 172 Grade 4 students (9 to 10 years) over 12 months on a 36-item test that comprised items from 6 distinct graphical languages (e.g., maps) commonly used to convey mathematical information. Results revealed (a) difficulties in Grade 4 students' capacity to decode a variety of graphics, (b) significant…

Lowrie, Tom; Diezmann, Carmel M.

2007-01-01

87

Grading Mainstreamed Handicapped Students. Position Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The position paper of the Grand Island, Nebraska, schools supports the assumption that when a pupil's handicap affects his ability to learn and perform, appropriate special education should include guidelines for special grading. The paper identifies grading obstacles such as differing perceptions of various participants in the grading process.…

Shanks, Robert D., Jr., Ed.

88

International Space Station: 6-8 Hands-on Science and Math Lesson Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These lesson plans, designed for grades 6-8, have been developed to provide a guide to hands-on experience in science and math. They focus on an International Space Station and are designed for use with students working in groups. The three lesson plans highlighting the importance of the scientific method are: (1) International Space Station…

Armstrong, Pat

89

A Study of the Effect of the Implementation of the Plus/Minus Grading System on Graduate Student Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzed grades for over 8,000 master's students to determine whether or not there were differences in grading patterns between the A, B, C, D, and F grading system and the new plus/minus grading system. Also studied faculty attitudes on the new grading system. Findings included that grade point averages declined slightly, especially in some…

Malone, Bobby G.; Nelson, Jacquelyn S.; Nelson, C. Van

2002-01-01

90

Creating Sacred Places for Students in Grades 9-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide attempts to help teachers of American Indian students in grades 9-12 provide a culturally relevant education that takes place in the regular classroom, includes content related to Indian students' lives, makes students proud, expands to other experiences, and enhances learning. Creating sacred places means responding appropriately to…

Fox, Sandra J.

91

What Makes the Grade? Faculty and Student Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study extended the work of White and Dunlap (1999) by quantifying faculty views regarding the relative effects performance and effort should have on final grades and by comparing faculty views with student views to assess their similarity. Survey results of 159 students and 59 faculty indicated that students believed effort should influence…

Adams, Jeffrey B.

2005-01-01

92

Seventh Grade Students' Mental Models of the Greenhouse Effect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This constructivist study investigates 225 student drawings and explanations from three different schools in the midwest in the US, to identify seventh grade students' mental models of the greenhouse effect. Five distinct mental models were derived from an inductive analysis of the content of the students' drawings and explanations: Model 1, a…

Shepardson, Daniel P.; Choi, Soyoung; Niyogi, Dev; Charusombat, Umarporn

2011-01-01

93

All Together Now? College Students' Preferred Project Group Grading Procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three hundred sixty undergraduate students were randomly assigned to evaluate 1 of 12 versions of a hypothetical college syllabus from a course in which student project groups were used. As hypothesized, students reported the highest course-enrollment intentions and most positive perceptions of the group grading procedure when both individual and group performance on the group project was evaluated. In addition,

Jody R. Hoffman; Steven G. Rogelberg

2001-01-01

94

Predicting Eighth-Grade Algebra Students with Individualized Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the extent to which student performance and teacher perception of student performance affect placement in eighth-grade mathematics classes for students with disabilities. Authors used the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study--Kindergarten dataset to investigate how each of the following factors predicted placement in…

Faulkner, Valerie N.; Crossland, Cathy L.; Stiff, Lee V.

2013-01-01

95

Improving Grade One Students' Reading Motivation with Online Electronic Storybooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study stemmed from a concern of the perceived decline in students' reading motivation after the early years of schooling. The current research explored eight grade 1 students' experiences with online electronic storybooks (eBooks). Eight students were given ten 25-minute sessions with the software programs over 15 weeks.…

Ciampa, Katia

2012-01-01

96

Exploring Student Understanding of Grades and Report Cards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study was designed to identify how students from a single high school in the rural Midwest perceive grades and report cards. Stratified purposeful random sampling resulted in the inclusion of 14 students who provided journal entries and participated in one-on-one interviews for the purpose of exploring student understanding of…

Gwidt, Kathleen M.

2010-01-01

97

Minicourses for Deaf Students in the Intermediate Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A minicourse program with students from grades four through eight at the Oregon State School for the Deaf has been rewarding for teachers and students by serving to develop skills in immediate practical areas of the student's experience as well as in developing recreational skills and interests in such activities as chess, mime, and karate, and…

Anderson, Peter E.; Shepard, Charlotte H.

1977-01-01

98

Grades That Show What Students Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to cure the ills of current grading and reporting systems, many schools and districts across the United States have attempted to implement a standards-based system. The authors recommend four best practices in this area: (1) Get rid of the omnibus grade, which tells teachers little about the content measured or the difficulty level of…

Marzano, Robert J.; Heflebower, Tammy

2011-01-01

99

Comparison between teacher grading and student self-grading in different modules of agronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The adaptation of the Universities to European Higher Education Area (EHEA) involves changes in the learning system. Students must obtain specific capabilities in the different degrees or masters. For example, in the degree of Agronomy at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (Spain), they must command mathematics, English informatics or crop production. Moreover, students must attain personal skills such as leadership, team work, a critical spirit and a social, environmental and ethical commitment with the environment and the society. A way to evaluate the critical spirit of the students is to compare the grade obtained in a specific module with the grade that the students think he should get. The aim of this work is to evaluate the differences between teacher and student grading in different subjects related to soil science in different degrees and masters courses at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid.

Méndez, A.; Paz-Ferreiro, J.; Guerrero, F.; Gascó, J. M.; Saá, A.; Tarquis, A. M.; Gascó, G.

2012-04-01

100

Standards-based grading with voice: Listening for students' understanding  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Standards-based grading is gaining popularity at the high school level, including physics courses. The basic notion is to give your students a list of objectives upfront that they need to master. Students can reassess often and their final grade is determined solely by their last reassessment on each standard. It is the instructor's job to help students find ways of showing their mastery to you. I implemented this in a junior-level mechanics course where the small numbers allowed me to introduce a novel twist: all assessments had to include the student's voice. This meant that students turned in pencasts, screencasts, and in-person assessments. Several days were also set aside for collaborative oral assessments, where students offered up honest advice and scores were mutually determined. In this paper, I'll share my experience trying out this pedagogical experiment and try to convey how it has improved my own understanding of my students' understanding.

Rundquist, Andy

2012-05-15

101

Life experience of sixth-grade students in analog domains of sixth-grade science textbooks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was conducted to determine if analog domains in sixth grade science textbooks were common to the life experience of sixth grade students and if experience differed according to moderating variables. The researcher reviewed three sixth grade general science textbooks and selected analogies that were unsupported by extended text, photos, or diagrams. Analogies were limited to ones which were unsupported because the intent was to identify students who were ready by virtue of life experience to confront analogies unaided by contextual clues. The researcher designed the Life Experiences in Analog Domains (LEAD) Questionnaire to survey students in 50 analog domains. Subjects of the study were 331 sixth grade students from an urban school district. Thirty were tested with the instrument one year later. Data on age, gender, ethnicity and income were analyzed for variance. Standardized achievement test scores were correlated to the LEAD Questionnaire. Results revealed sharp contrasts of experience by analog domain. Experience in analog domains was indicated 52% of the time overall. There were significant differences in the experience of students grouped by moderating variables. Younger students reported more experience than older students. The higher income group reported more experience than the lower income group. Caucasian students reported more experience overall than African American students. Chi-square tests revealed that differences in scores by ethnicity were not controlled by income. of three skills, reading comprehension, mathematics, and science, reading comprehension was most closely correlated to questionnaire score. Results suggest that many of the sixth grade students in the study may be without experience in analog domains when they encounter analogies in a textbook. Assuming subsequent implementations of the Questionnaire confirm these results, teachers should survey life experience of students and help them develop experiences that complement their science text. Textbook authors should explain all but the simplest analogies.

Wagamon, Barbara J.

102

Alternative Futures for the Education of Students with Severe Disabilities. Proceedings of the Conference on Severe and Multiple Handicaps: Alternative Futures (Edmonton, Canada, May 6-8, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 23 papers given at a 1987 Edmonton (Canada) conference. Papers have the following titles and authors: "Current Trends and Future Challenges in the Education of Students with Severe Handicaps" (Dick Sobsey); "How Often Do You Need to Collect Student Performance Data? A Study of the Effects of Frequency of Probe Data Collection…

Baine, David, Ed.; And Others

103

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE SEVENTH-GRADE STUDENT PACKET, PRODUCED BY THE NEBRASKA CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTER, BEGINS WITH THE UNIT ENTITLED "THE MAKING OF STORIES" IN WHICH STUDENTS CONSIDER WRITERS' AUDIENCES AND METHODS OF COMPOSITION AND PRESENTATION. SUCH MATERIAL AS "A CHRISTMAS CAROL" AND SELECTIONS FROM "THE ODYSSEY,""BEOWULF,""HYMN TO HERMES," AND GRIMM'S…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

104

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE 11TH-GRADE COURSE OF STUDY IN AMERICAN LITERATURE PRESENTED IN THE STUDENT PACKET FOR THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM BEGINS WITH A UNIT ENTITLED "INDIVIDUALISM AND IDEALISM" IN WHICH STUDENTS ANALYZE SPIRITUAL AUTOBIOGRAPHIES BY EMERSON, THOREAU, WHITMAN, AND DICKINSON. NEXT, THE THEME OF SIN AND LONELINESS AS IT LIMITS INDIVIDUALISM IS…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

105

The Personal Financial Literacy of Fourth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to measure personal financial literacy levels of fourth grade students in Memphis, Tennessee and to explore the relationships between seven personal and social characteristics and the students' personal financial literacy. The sample produced low scores on five measure dimensions. Caucasian populations performed better…

Lucey, Thomas Andrew

106

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE LITERATURE PROGRAM OF THE GRADE 12 STUDENT PACKET OF THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM CONSISTS OF A SELECTIVE SURVEY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE FROM THE RENAISSANCE TO THE 20TH CENTURY. IT BEGINS WITH A UNIT ON SHAKESPEAREAN TRAGEDY IN WHICH STUDENTS READ REVENGE TRAGEDIES--SENECA'S "THYESTES" AND KYD'S "THE SPANISH TRAGEDY"--AS PREPARATION FOR THE…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

107

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE FIRST UNIT OF THE STUDENT PACKET FOR GRADE NINE OF THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM IS A STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIPS WHICH EXIST BETWEEN AUTHOR AND AUDIENCE, AND AN EXAMINATION OF THE EPIGRAM, LIMERICK, PARABLE, FABLE, AND ODE. WITH THIS BACKGROUND, STUDENTS CONSIDER "ON AVARICE" AND "ANIMAL FARM" AS EXAMPLES OF FORMAL AND MENIPPEAN SATIRE,…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

108

Cohesion in Student Narratives: Grades Four, Six, and Eight.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A coding scheme developed by M. A. K. Halliday and R. Hasan was used in a study that investigated how students in grades 4, 6, and 8 developed meaning within narrative texts. Students, after being presented with a visual stimulus, were asked to describe what was happening and say what happened before and after the picture. Next, an oral assignment…

Zarnowski, Myra Shepper

109

Oral Reading Rates of Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of reading fluently is widely recognized in school effectiveness, reform, and improvement efforts of the educational community, yet there are few large-scale, structured assessments of the progression of students' reading rates over time. This study documented 2nd-grade students' oral reading rates on the basis of fall, winter, and…

Wang, Chuang; Algozzine, Bob; Ma, Wen; Porfeli, Erik

2011-01-01

110

Interpreting How Third Grade Junior High School Students Represent Water.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on how third grade junior high school students represent water and its interactions with nature and contemporary science. The study was planned and implemented within the framework of environmental education and involved the participation of 171 students attending public schools in Athens and Thessaloniki, Greece. (Author/SAH)

Agelidou, Evagelia; Balafoutas, George; Gialamas, Vassilios

2001-01-01

111

Implementing Guided Reading Strategies with Kindergarten and First Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the action research project report, the teacher researchers found that many kindergarten and first-grade students did not have the reading readiness skills to be reading at their benchmark target. The purpose of the project was to improve the students overall reading ability. The dates of the project began on September 8 through December 20,…

Abbott, Lindsey; Dornbush, Abby; Giddings, Anne; Thomas, Jennifer

2012-01-01

112

The Grade Nine Student Survey: Fall 1982. #173.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of ninth grade students in Toronto public schools is annually conducted to gather background information. The relationship of students' race, native country, mother tongue, family and socioeconomic status to their level of study is examined. The analysis of race shows 6.6 percent black, .9 percent Native Canadian, 14.6 percent of Asian…

Wright, E. N.; Tsuji, G. K.

113

Increasing Reading Ability among First and Third Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was designed to increase the reading abilities of students in the targeted first and third grade classes in two elementary schools located in the Midwest. The study involved an action research project highlighting the overall growth of the students' academic achievement through increased reading growth. The study was…

Commare, Colleen C.; Sedlack, Sarah E.

114

Perspective: Middle Grades Students and ADD  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The substantial increase in the number of students referred for possible attention deficit disorder can be attributed in part to the relatively young age at which students must meet the academic demands of middle school, according to psychologist Jerrold Pollak. He offers a solution for educators and members of the mental health community.

Pollak, Jerrold

2010-08-01

115

The Entrepreneur Fair: Fifth Grade Student Businesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In twenty years of teaching, the author has never been involved in a project that sparked as much enthusiasm from students, parents, the administration, and other teachers as the Entrepreneur Fair. In an effort to challenge students to become entrepreneurs, the author developed a one-day market called the Entrepreneur Fair at Stonewall Elementary…

Moore, Teresa

2010-01-01

116

Dear Parents of Students Entering Grade Three  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Southington Public School District encourages learning throughout the summer weeks. As such, this letter is being sent home to inform you of our summer reading expectations. In collaboration with the Governor's Reading Challenge, all elementary schools are participating in this joint summer reading program. Please find the grade level reading list on the Southington Public Schools' website. There will

Joseph V. Erardi; Howard J. Thiery

2009-01-01

117

Data Modelling with First-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues for a renewed focus on statistical reasoning in the beginning school years, with opportunities for children to engage in data modelling. Results are reported from the first year of a 3-year longitudinal study in which three classes of first-grade children (6-year-olds) and their teachers engaged in data modelling activities. The…

English, Lyn D.

2012-01-01

118

College Students' Categorical Perceptions of Grades: It's Simply "Good" vs. "Bad"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students' categorical perceptions of numeric and alphabetic grades were examined by assigning participants to one of four conditions: numeric grades alphabetic grades, numeric non-grades and alphabetic non-grades. They were then asked to give ratings for each possible grade or non-grade, using a 10-point scale. Factor analysis revealed…

Boatright-Horowitz, Su L.; Arruda, Chris

2013-01-01

119

Improving Word Recognition among First Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A balanced, systematic, instructional reading program was designed to increase word recognition in beginning readers. The targeted population consisted of first graders in an upper middle class community located in the Chicago suburbs. The lack of word recognition was documented through assessments revealing students' phonemic awareness, reading…

Blease, Cindi; Ecklund, Kristina; Hitzman, Michelle

120

Group Anxiety Reduction with Sixth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the high incidence of test-anxiety impairment and the need to treat more students, the study was undertaken to assess a group-administered intervention requiring a minimum of staff hours. An "active control" training was used which has been shown to provide strong anxiety reduction and respectable test score gains in prior studies. The…

Miller, Nichole; DeLapp, Renee; Driscoll, Richard

2007-01-01

121

The Effect of Scheduling Models for Introductory Algebra on 9th-Grade Students, Test Scores and Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of pacing and scheduling of algebra coursework on assigned 9th-grade students who traditionally would qualify for pre-algebra instruction and same course 9th-grade students who traditionally would qualify for standard algebra instruction. Students were selected based on completion of first-year…

O'Hanlon, Angela L.

2011-01-01

122

Sixth Grade Student Self-Regulation in Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The positive relationship between self-regulation and student achievement has been repeatedly supported through research. Key considerations that have resulted from prior research include instructor feedback and explicit expectations, student perception of their control of their progress, accurate self-calibration, reflection, goal-setting, age, and methods by which a cycle which integrates all of these can be put in place. While research provides evidence for that fact that it is possible to support student success in several of these areas, many questions are left as to how guided, active self-regulation impacts students perception of their control over their performance, their ability to accurately assess and act upon their strengths and weaknesses, and, ultimately, their overall progress at different developmental stages. This study intended to provide a better understanding of how guidance in the self-regulation strategies of sixth grade science students can impact their attitudes toward learning. Specifically, this study investigated the question, "What is the effect of active reflection, graphing of grades, and goal setting on sixth-grade students' locus of control and ability to self-regulate?"

Reid, Lisa J.

123

Stop Tobacco in Restaurants: Fifth Grade Students STIR City Hall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses a campaign called STIR: Stop Tobacco in Restaurants, that was started by fourth and fifth grade students. The goal was to end smoking in public places, including restaurants, bowling alleys, sports bars, and pool halls. For two years they motivated their peers, coordinated an information campaign to urge kids and adults to…

Morris, Ronald Vaughan

2008-01-01

124

Teaching Gifted Students Literature in Grades Seven through Nine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared for use by teachers of mentally gifted students in grades 7 through 9, the booklet offers a curriculum design for the teaching of literature. Considered is the difficult developmental stage in late childhood and early adolescence when children begin to assert their roles as individuals and often have no adult model other than the friendly…

Covey, Barbara L.

125

Environmental Knowledge and Beliefs among Grade 10 Students in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To develop environmental education in Australia, a survey of tenth-grade students was undertaken. Thirty knowledge items and ten belief items were constructed. A panel of environmentalists and educators identified best responses for the knowledge items, and a common reference point, preservation of homo sapiens, for the belief items, so a…

Eyers, Vivian George

126

A Science Assessment Program for Kindergarten and First Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are science units for kindergarten and first-grade classes which include one or more non-verbal test items constructed to determine whether the student has learned the material presented in the unit. Units include: light, senses, gerbils, beans and peas, animal activities, and hatching chicks. (SL)

Greening, Gary A.

127

Grading Systems, Features of Assessment and Students' Approaches to Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Bologna process aims at harmonising the higher education systems in the Europe. One of the most important tools proposed for such a purpose is the European Credit Transfer System. A significant element of this system is a common seven-step grading scale. It has previously been shown that assessment characteristics impact on students'…

Dahlgren, Lars Owe; Fejes, Andreas; Abrandt-Dahlgren, Madeleine; Trowald, Nils

2009-01-01

128

Grade Level Retention of Texas Students. 1995-96 Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Texas Education Code requires the Texas Education Agency to submit a comprehensive biennial report containing a summary of information related to grade level retention of students in the Texas public school system. This report looks at retention in Texas based on data collected over a 3-year period, beginning with the 1993-94 school year. The…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

129

Classroom Activities for Able Students: In Fifth and Sixth Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Challenging problems and project ideas for mathematically able students in grades 5 and 6 are reviewed. Number patterns are viewed as a good tool to introduce inductive and deductive thinking. Applications of mathematics in sales, the stock market, opinion polls, weather prediction, and other areas are discussed. (MP)

Economopoulos, Marjorie P.

1981-01-01

130

What Upper-Grade Students Think about School Government  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An adolescent's attitude toward school government clearly reflects certain negative aspects that have to do with his/her alienation from the social life of the school. This article has been based on materials of a 2005 sociological survey of students in the ninth and eleventh grades of schools in the city of Moscow (n = 2,105). The aim of the…

Sobkin, V. S.; Nikolashina, E. V.

2008-01-01

131

The Social Self-Determination of Upper-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers an analysis of the process of social self-determination of students in the upper grades of the city schools of Mordovia and the influence that their value orientations have on their professional intentions; there is focus on the degree of stability of value orientations as a deciding factor in this process. The work has been…

Vintin, I.A.

2005-01-01

132

Second and Third Grade Students in the Hunters Point-Bayview SEED Project: A Diagnostic Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report supplements the first South East Education Development project (SEED) on first grade children. Full and partial records of 624 second grade students and 591 third grade students are the basis of this diagnostic review. The empirical data obtained for the SEED project students included: each student's sex and number of full days in…

Counelis, James Steve

133

The Fairness of Report Card Grading Adaptations: What Do Students with and without Learning Disabilities Think?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 15 high school students with learning disabilities and 257 typical students found no grading adaptation was viewed as fair by a majority of students without disabilities. Changing the grading scale and raising grades to reflect improvement were viewed as fair adaptations by the students with disabilities. (CR)

Bursuck, William D.; Munk, Dennis D.; Olson, Mary M.

1999-01-01

134

K-8th Grade Korean Students' Conceptions of 'Changes of State' and 'Conditions for Changes of State'. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the various conceptions held by K-8th Korean grade students regarding the 'changes of state' and the 'conditions for changes of state'. The study used a sample of five kindergarteners, five secondgrade students, five fourth-grade students, five sixth-grade students, and five eighth-grade students. The 25 students attend…

Paik, Seoung-Hey; Kim, Hyo-Nam; Cho, Boo-Kyoung; Park, Jae-Won

2004-01-01

135

Positive and Negative Incentives in the Classroom: An Analysis of Grading Systems and Student Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined how particular grading systems motivate students. Since competency-based grading and point systems are most prevalent (Hendrickson and Gable, 1999), the current study is modeled around these systems. The grading systems used for this study were divided into two categories and defined as those students who earned their grades

Docan, Tony N.

2006-01-01

136

The Relationship between Grade Configuration and Standardized Science Test Scores of Fifth-Grade Students: What School Administrators Should Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study utilized a causal comparative (ex post facto) design to determine if a consistent relationship existed between fifth-grade students' success on the Science Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) at the elementary (K-5) level in comparison to fifth-grade students' success on the science TAKS at the intermediate (5-6)…

Johnson, Delonda; Jones, Lisa; Simieou, Felix; Matthew, Kathryn; Morgan, Bryan

2013-01-01

137

Drug and Alcohol Findings: New York State Students in Fifth and Sixth Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New York's Division of Substance Abuse Services conducted a major survey in 1989-1990 of students in grades five through twelve: past surveys of the Division had included only students in seventh through twelfth grades. Students in the fifth and sixth grades answered a separate, self-administered questionnaire, which included questions about the…

New York State Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services, Albany.

138

Retention of Hispanic\\/Latino students in first grade: Child, parent, teacher, school, and peer predictors  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of 283 Hispanic children with literacy performance at entrance to first grade below the median for their school district was studied as part of a larger research project on the predictors of grade retention in grade 1. Following retention decisions, 51 Hispanic students were retained in first grade. Low literacy skills, being young at entrance to first grade,

Victor L. Willson; Jan N. Hughes

2006-01-01

139

Making the Grade in a Portfolio-Based System: Student Performance and the Student Perspective  

PubMed Central

Assessment is such an integral part of the educational system that we rarely reflect on its value and impact. Portfolios have gained in popularity, but much attention has emphasized the end-user and portfolio assessment. Here we focus on the portfolio creator (the student) and examine whether their educational needs are met with such an assessment method. This study aims to investigate how assessment practices influence classroom performance and the learning experience of the student in a graduate education setting. Studied were 33 medical students at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, a program utilizing a portfolio-based system. The students may elect to simultaneously enroll in a Masters program; however, these programs employ traditional letter grades. Thus creating a unique opportunity to assess 25 portfolio only (P) students and 8 portfolio and grade (PG) students concurrently taking a course that counts for both programs. Classroom performance was measured via a comprehensive evaluation where the PG students scored modestly better (median total scores, 72% P vs. 76% PG). Additionally, a survey was conducted to gain insight into student’s perspective on how assessment method impacts the learning experience. The students in the PG group (those receiving a grade) reported increased stress but greater affirmation and self-assurance regarding their knowledge and skill mastery. Incorporation of such affirmation remains a challenge for portfolio-based systems and an area for investigation and improvement.

Nowacki, Amy S.

2013-01-01

140

Reducing Test Anxiety among Third Grade Students through the Implementation of Relaxation Techniques  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to reduce the negative effects that self-perceived levels of test anxiety have on third-grade students. The participants in this study consisted of 177 third-grade students at two Midwestern public elementary schools. Students at one school were taught relaxation techniques, while students at the second school served…

Larson, Heidi A.; El Ramahi, Mera K.; Conn, Steven R.; Estes, Lincoln A.; Ghibellini, Amanda B.

2010-01-01

141

Students' Grades and Ratings of Perceived Effectiveness of Behaviors Influencing Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We studied undergraduate psychology students' grades and their ratings of the helpfulness of behaviors related to good academic performance. On average students desired an AB (3.5 on a 4-point scale) and would have been satisfied with a B; 31% of students expressed satisfaction with a BC or lower. Overall, students averaged a BC final grade, a B…

Perlman, Baron; McCann, Lee I.; Prust, Adam

2007-01-01

142

Do Students Who Get Low Grades Only in Research Methods Need the Same Help as Students Who Get Low Grades in All Topics in Psychology?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some psychology students achieve high grades in all classes except for research methods (RM). Previous research has usually treated low levels of achievement in RM as a unitary phenomenon, without reference to the grades the student is achieving in other subjects. The present internet survey explored preferences for learning RM in 140 psychology…

Barry, John A.

2012-01-01

143

SUPERSTARS III: 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SUPERSTARS III is a K-8 program designed as an enrichment opportunity for self-directed learners in mathematics. The basic purpose of SUPERSTARS III is to provide the extra challenge that self-motivated students need in mathematics and to do so in a structured, long-term program that does not impinge on the normal classroom routine or the…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Education, Raleigh.

144

The Relationship of Peer Perceptions to Student Achievement and Teacher Ratings of 5th and 6th Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A two-year study involving 173 Portuguese fifth-graders found students who were rejected by their peers were more disruptive, aggressive, and had more trouble with teachers. Students who were rated as lower status students (rejected and neglected) achieved poorly in 5th grade and more poorly in 6th grade. (Contains references.) (CR)

Lopes, Joao; Cruz, Conceicao; Rutherford, Robert B., Jr.

2002-01-01

145

Predictors of the science achievement of eighth-grade students in the parish schools of the Archdiocese of Philadelphia  

Microsoft Academic Search

National and international studies of science achievement point to a declining trend as students move from early elementary school through high school. Internationally, United States' science students are well above average in grade 4, slightly above average in grade 8, and well below average in grade 12. This study focused on eighth grade students and their seventh grade science teachers

Rosalie J. Papa Shaw

2003-01-01

146

The Importance of the Ninth Grade on High School Graduation Rates and Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers target 9th grade as the make or break year for completing high school. During the 9th-grade year, many students for the first time have to earn passing grades in core courses, and these core courses are typically some of the toughest and most rigorous academic classes a student must take in high school. Furthermore, the rising use of…

McCallumore, Kyle Megan; Sparapani, Ervin F.

2010-01-01

147

Profiles of Teacher Grading Practices: Integrating Teacher Beliefs, Course Criteria, and Student Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of the research on grading practices thus far examines teachers' perceived grading practices through Likert-type surveys and vignettes regarding generic students. This study is unique because it proposes a more systematic method of qualitative inquiry to examine how teachers perceive grading on an individual student basis by asking…

Wiley, Caroline Rose Hummel

2011-01-01

148

Holding back and holding behind: grade retention and students’ non?academic and academic outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the implications of grade retention (repeating a grade) and social promotion (automatic promotion to the next grade each year) for high school students’ academic and non?academic outcomes. Based on data from 3261 high school students, structural equation modeling demonstrated that, after controlling for interactions with other factors, demographic covariates and ability, there were significant (p <

Andrew J. Martin

2010-01-01

149

Improving Student Performance in Fifth Grade Band through the Use of Student Self-Monitoring.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An action research project was developed and implemented using student self monitoring of higher order thinking skills and task management to improve the music skills of a fifth grade beginning band (n=30) from a small middle school located in a rural midwest village. Evidence of the problem was documented with a performance test, a written test,…

Hayes, Steven R.

150

The Effectiveness of the New 9th Grade Biology Curriculum on Students' Environmental Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a new 9th grade biology curriculum on students' environmental awareness. Participants included 91 ninth grade students in a high school in Balikesir during the spring semester of the 2008-2009 academic years. Two classrooms, including 22 and 24 students respectively, were randomly assigned…

Cetin, Gulcan; Nisanci, Seda Hilal

2010-01-01

151

The Improvement of Chronological Perceptions among Fifth Grade Students: A Quasi-Experimental Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is an action research based both on quantitative and qualitative research techniques carried out with a group of fifth grade students in K"r,ehir during the 2003-2004 education year. In the study, the main purpose was to improve historical time concept and chronology perceptions among fifth grade students. Students' interests, reactions…

Simsek, Ahmet

2007-01-01

152

Using Vocabulary Acquisition To Improve the Performance in Reading and Attitude of Students in Second Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written by a counselor-teacher-program coordinator working in an urban elementary school, this practicum aimed to improve the receptive vocabulary development program for second grade students. Specific goals were to: (1) improve second grade students' receptive vocabulary; (2) use students' improved receptive vocabulary to increase their reading…

Bunish, Norbert T.

153

Student Grade Expectations at Technical College, 2-, and 4-Year Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although students' final course grade expectations have been the focus of several studies, none have looked systematically at students' expectations for grade distributions for the whole class across institutional types, student year in school, and course levels. This study examined such differences as a function of gender, course level,…

McCann, Lee I.; Immel, Kathy R.; Kadah-Ammeter, Tammy L.; Priniski, Stacy J.

2013-01-01

154

Sensory Response Patterns of Academically Successful and Unsuccessful Ninth-grade Students of English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Testing Marshall McLuhan's thesis that the educational system favors the visually oriented student and militates against the audile-tactile youngster, this pilot study attempted to discover whether or not academically successful ninth-grade English students have a different sensory response pattern than unsuccessful ninth-grade English students.…

LaRocque, Geraldine E.

155

Effect of Pullout Lessons on the Academic Achievement of Eighth-Grade Band Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effect of pullout instrumental lessons on the academic achievement of eighth-grade band students. Participants (N = 353) included 292 nonband students and 61 band students pulled once per week for music lessons in a single suburban K-8 school district in Midwestern United States. Data indicated that eighth-grade band…

Hash, Phillip M.

2011-01-01

156

Students' Perceptions of the Usefulness of Marking Guides, Grade Descriptors and Annotated Exemplars  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grade descriptors, marking guides and exemplars are generally accepted to have a positive impact in assisting students' understanding of assessment task requirements and standards, but little is known about how students use such resources. This paper provides insight into the perceptions of first-year students of the usefulness of grade

Bell, Amani; Mladenovic, Rosina; Price, Margaret

2013-01-01

157

First-Grade Student Retention within a 3-Tier Reading Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

First-grade students from 6 Title I schools participated in this study, which used a response to intervention (RTI) framework to examine the retention of 1st-grade students. Researchers examined reading and behavior data from 3 cohorts of students (1 historical control cohort and 2 cohorts receiving tiered reading instruction) and data gathered…

Murray, Christy S.; Woodruff, Althea L.; Vaughn, Sharon

2010-01-01

158

Examining Eighth Grade Kuwaiti Students' Recognition and Interpretation of Reasonable Answers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research documents Kuwaiti eighth grade students' performance in recognizing reasonable answers and the strategies they used to determine reasonableness. The results from over 200 eighth grade students show they were generally unable to recognize reasonable answers. Students' performance was consistently low across all three number domains…

Alajmi, Amal Hussain; Reys, Robert

2010-01-01

159

The Use of Group versus Individual Settings for Assessing Student Achievement in Kindergarten and First Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on an experiment examining the consequences of assessing kindergarten and first-grade students' academic achievement in group versus individualized assessment settings. Students (n=442) blocked by classroom and grade level were randomly assigned to one of two assessment modes: a small group setting with 8 other students from…

Atkins-Burnett, Sally; Rowan, Brian; Correnti, Richard

160

Correlation between Grade Point Averages and Student Evaluation of Teaching Scores: Taking a Closer Look  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most contentious potential sources of bias is whether instructors who give higher grades receive higher ratings from students. We examined the grade point averages (GPAs) and student ratings across 2073 general education religion courses at a large private university. A moderate correlation was found between GPAs and student evaluations…

Griffin, Tyler J.; Hilton, John, III.; Plummer, Kenneth; Barret, Devynne

2014-01-01

161

Survey of Montgomery County Public School Eleventh Grade High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spring 1984, a survey was conducted by Montgomery College (MC) to ascertain the postsecondary educational goals of Montgomery County Public School (MCPS) 11th grade students; to understand students' perceptions of MC; to identify the criteria students use in college selection; and to assess the needs of entering students. Students at 18 of the…

Campbell, William E.; Hemenway, David A.

162

The Impact of Computers on the Writing Processes of First Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of computers on the quality and quantity of student writing, the number of revisions made by the students, and the attitudes of the students toward writing. The participants in this study were forty- three first-grade students. As the students learned the steps of the writing process, they worked with a

Andrea Thigpen

163

Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. A Large-Scale Study of Middle Grades. Practices and Student Outcomes. Narrative Summary of Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 2008-09 school year researchers from EdSource and Stanford University conducted a large-scale study of 303 middle grades schools in California. The team surveyed 303 principals, 3,752 English Language Arts (ELA) and math teachers in grades 6-8, and 157 superintendents of the districts and charter management organizations that oversee the…

EdSource, 2010

2010-01-01

164

Classroom Quality and Student Engagement: Contributions to Third-Grade Reading Skills  

PubMed Central

This study, using NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development longitudinal data, investigated the effects of classroom quality and students’ third-grade behavioral engagement on students’ third-grade reading achievement (n?=?1,364) and also examined the extent to which students’ third-grade behavioral engagement mediated the association between classroom quality and children's reading skills. SEM results revealed that controlling for family socio economic risk and students’ first-grade reading achievement, classroom quality significantly, and positively predicted children's behavioral engagement, which in turn predicted greater reading achievement. Higher levels of children's behavioral engagement were associated with higher reading achievement. Implications for policy and practice are discussed.

Guo, Ying; Connor, Carol McDonald; Tompkins, Virginia; Morrison, Frederick J.

2011-01-01

165

Report on Grade-Level Retention of Texas Students, 1997-98.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides annual information for the 1997-1998 school year on grade-level retention in the Texas public school system, based on the Public Education Information Management System. In 1997-1998, a total of 150,953 students in kindergarten through grade 12 were retained in grade, an overall retention rate of 4.3%. Data on retention are…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

166

Prematriculation Program Grades as Predictors of Black and Other Nontraditional Students' First-Year Academic Performances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study explored predictors of African-American and other nontraditional medical students' first-year academic performance at the Medical College of Georgia. Variables included undergraduate grades and grades in a summer prematriculation program (SPP) featuring biochemistry, anatomy, and immunology courses. SPP grades were found useful in…

Hesser, Al; Lewis, Lloyd

1992-01-01

167

Estimating the Impact of Relative Expected Grade on Student Evaluations of Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grade inflation over the past few decades has been a concern for many universities. Course evaluation scores are known to be positively correlated with students' expected grades, and this paper tests whether or not there is an incentive for the instructor to "buy" higher evaluation scores by inflating grades. To test this hypothesis, I use unique…

Ewing, Andrew M.

2012-01-01

168

The Effects of Written Corrective Feedback on Graded Quizzes for Students in a Personalized System of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The value of proctor written feedback on college students' graded quizzes in a Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) was investigated. In Experiment I, the amount of time 67 students reviewed their graded quizzes was determined. Results indicated that 63% of the students did not review their graded quizzes, suggesting students do not use the…

Belanger, Gregg A.; And Others

169

Modeling Oral Reading Fluency Development in Latino Students: A Longitudinal Study across Second and Third Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines growth in oral reading fluency across 2nd and 3rd grade for Latino students grouped in 3 English proficiency levels: students receiving English as a second language (ESL) services (n = 2,182), students exited from ESL services (n = 965), and students never designated as needing services (n = 1,857). An important focus was to…

Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Petscher, Yaacov; Pappamihiel, N. Eleni; Williams, Rihana S.; Dyrlund, Allison K.; Connor, Carol

2009-01-01

170

Seventh-Grade Students' Attitudes toward Conflict before and after Applying a Conflict Resolution Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study determined the effectiveness of a conflict resolution curriculum on the attitudes and interactions of 18 seventh-grade students at a suburban middle school that served predominantly Caucasian, middle-class students. Students completed the curriculum 3 days per week for 7 weeks. Before and after the program, students filled out the…

Mantovani, Karen D.

171

8th Grade Student Guide for Arizona's Instrument To Measure Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to give the student helpful information about Arizona's Instrument To Measure the Standards (AIMS) for grade 8. The guide provides examples of the type of questions students see on AIMS and explains how items are scored. It does not teach what the student needs to know to do well on AIMS, but it will help the student know…

Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

172

3rd Grade Student Guide for Arizona's Instrument To Measure Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to give the student helpful information about Arizona's Instrument To Measure the Standards (AIMS) for grade 3. The guide provides examples of the type of questions students see on AIMS and explains how items are scored. It does not teach what the student needs to know to do well on AIMS, but it will help the student know…

Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

173

5th Grade Student Guide for Arizona's Instrument To Measure Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to give the student helpful information about Arizona's Instrument To Measure the Standards (AIMS) for grade 5. The guide provides examples of the type of questions students see on AIMS and explains how items are scored. It does not teach what the student needs to know to do well on AIMS, but it will help the student know…

Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

174

The Effects of a Water Conservation Instructional Unit on the Values Held by Sixth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixth grade students were divided into two groups. Students in one group received instruction on water conservation using expository and discovery activities. The students in the control group received none. Results gave evidence that students' values could be changed by this mode of water conservation instruction. (MA)

Aird, Andrew; Tomera, Audrey

1977-01-01

175

The Land of Hope: Third-Grade Students Use a Walking Tour to Explore Their Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers use a number of instructional strategies to help students develop citizenship skills and learn state and local history. In many communities, teachers include field trips and walking tours to help students learn more about people. In this article, the author describes how third-grade students learned from older students and from their…

Morris, Ronald V.

2006-01-01

176

Classroom Idea-Sparkers: Grading and Student Learning--Ideas for Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grading is often seen as a point of conflict with students and, in upper elementary and beyond, with parents. It is a chore that consumes time and saps critical levels of energy better used for creative planning and preparation and face-to-face interactions with students. Grading is sometimes referred to as a "necessary evil," yet many teachers…

Wegwert, Joseph C.

2012-01-01

177

Healthcare Students' Perceptions of Electronic Feedback through GradeMark®  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the findings from a study undertaken to explore students' perceptions of the timeliness, accessibility, consistency, and quality of feedback and grading received electronically. The system used was GradeMark®, an electronic tool available through the plagiarism software provider, Turnitin®. 296 students from the Schools…

Watkins, Diane; Dummer, Paul; Hawthorne, Kamila; Cousins, Judy; Emmett, Catherine; Johnson, Mike

2014-01-01

178

The Impact of Framing Effect on Student Preferences for University Grading Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kahneman and Tversky's (1979, 2000; Tversky & Kahneman, 1981) work in decision-making was applied to student preferences for grading practices. Undergraduate psychology students (n = 240) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 framing conditions related to how a university course might be graded: a 100 point system, a percentage system, and an open…

Smith, Jeffrey K.; Smith, Lisa F.

2009-01-01

179

Alcohol Use and the Grades of Middle and High School Students: Does School Choice Have Effects?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the question of whether youth drinking leads to lower grades for public and private school students. Instrumental variables (IV) regressions are used to investigate differences in the relationship between drinking and grades based on whether students attend a public or private school. The regressions reveal that drinking…

Austin, Wesley; Heath, Cary

2012-01-01

180

The Ability of Grade 5 Students To Use Radarsat Satellite Images.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the ability of 32 grade-5 students in Alberta (Canada) to interpret Radarsat satellite radar images. The students were able to interpret most elements of the images, but working directly with the CD-ROM proved too difficult for them. The Radarsat images have limited value as a geographic resource at the grade-5 level. (TD)

Kirman, Joseph M.; Busby, Stephanie

2000-01-01

181

A Situative Metaphor for Teacher Learning: The Case of University Tutors Learning to Grade Student Coursework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the continuing concern about academic standards in the higher education sector a great deal of emphasis has been placed on quality assurance procedures rather than on considering how university tutors learn to grade the quality of work produced by students. As part of a larger research project focused on how tutors grade student coursework,…

Boyd, Pete; Bloxham, Sue

2014-01-01

182

Grade Inflation and Student Individual Differences as Systematic Bias in Faculty Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The media has recently exposed that grade inflation is a concern for higher education in North America. Grade inflation may be due to consumerism by universities that now compete for students. Keeping students happy (and paying) may have been emphasized more than learning. We review the literature on faculty evaluation and present a model that…

Germain, Marie-Line; Scandura, Terri A.

2005-01-01

183

Facilitating conceptual change in ninth grade students' understanding of human circulatory system concepts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the conceptual change text oriented instruction over traditionally designed instruction on ninth grade students’ understanding of the human circulatory system concepts, and their retention of this understanding. The subjects of this study consist of 73 ninth grade female students from two classes of a basic school in Jordan. One

Salem A. Alkhawaldeh

2007-01-01

184

Grade Retention: Elementary Teacher Perceptions for Students with and without Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this era of education accountability, teachers are looking closely at grade level requirements and assessment of student performance. Grade retention is being considered for both students with and without disabilities if they are not meeting end of the year achievement benchmarks. Although research has shown that retention is not the best…

Renaud, Gia

2010-01-01

185

Grading and Reporting in a Standards-Based Environment: Implications for Students with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers at all levels of education today struggle in their efforts to assign fair, accurate, and meaningful grades to students with disabilities, especially those placed in general education classrooms. Lacking specific policies or recommendations, most teachers apply informal, individual grading adaptations for such students. Although these…

Guskey, Thomas R.; Jung, Lee Ann

2009-01-01

186

The Effect of Grade Span Configuration and School-to-School Transition on Student Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effect of grade span configuration (grouping of grades in schools) and school-to-school transition on student achievement was investigated. The Michigan Education Assessment Program test was used to collect data on the passing rate of students in 232 schools in a large urban inner city school district in the midwest. The results indicate that…

Wren, Stephanie D.

187

Factors Influencing Mathematic Problem-Solving Ability of Sixth Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem statement: This study aims to investigate factors influencing mathematic problem-solving ability of sixth grade students. On e thousand and twenty eight of sixth grade students , studying in the second semester of academic year 20 07 were sampled by stratified random sampling technique. Approach: The research instruments used in the study include d mathematic problem- solving ability test and

Sakorn Pimta; Sombat Tayruakham; Prasart Nuangchalerm

2009-01-01

188

Developmental Characteristic of the Writing of Urban Students at Grades 2, 5, 8, and 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined (1) developmental differences in the writing of urban students, (2) the syntactic complexity associated with differing modes of written discourse, and (3) the relationship among grade level, mode of discourse, and writing quality. Subjects were approximately 1,200 second, fifth, eighth, and eleventh grade students from large…

Gunderson, Lee; Murphy, Sandra

189

Student Views on Criterion-Referenced Assessment and Grading in Swedish Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The pedagogical and status implications of assessment in physical education (PE) have been recognised in the past. How students perceive being assessed and graded is a neglected area, however. While some studies have garnered students' perceptions of assessment when no grade is awarded or the stakes are relatively low, we know less…

Redelius, Karin; Hay, Peter J.

2012-01-01

190

The Effect of Reading Aloud on a Student's Attitude toward Reading in Fourth Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study determined if reading aloud to fourth-grade students would have a positive effect on their attitudes toward reading, and if there would be a difference between the attitudes of boys and girls. In Jersey City, New Jersey, 28 fourth-grade students were read aloud to on a daily basis for 15 minutes over 14 weeks. A pretest and posttest were…

Piotrowski, Joanne B.

191

The Relationship between Eighth Grade Primary School Students' Proportional Reasoning Skills and Success in Solving Equations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the relationship between eighth grade primary school students' success levels in solving equations and proportional reasoning skills. 344 eighth grade students, who were registered at various primary schools in the central districts of Konya in the 2007-2008 educational year, participated in the research. The study had a…

Cetin, Hatice; Ertekin, Erhan

2011-01-01

192

Incentives: The Effects on Reading Attitude and Reading Behaviors of Third-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether third grade literacy students who receive incentive rewards as part of their instruction will exhibit significantly higher reading habits and attitudes toward recreational reading than they did before the incentives were introduced. The study examined 19 third grade students with fairly high…

Stanfield, Gayle M.

2006-01-01

193

Improving the Reading Performance of Fifth-Grade Students through an Afterschool Reading Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This applied dissertation was designed to evaluate improving the reading performance of fifth-grade students through an afterschool reading program to determine whether it was effective in teaching Native American and English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL). This study compared the reading performance of fifth-grade students who struggle…

Joseph, Rosnel L.

2012-01-01

194

Facilitating Conceptual Change in Ninth Grade Students' Understanding of Human Circulatory System Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the conceptual change text oriented instruction over traditionally designed instruction on ninth grade students' understanding of the human circulatory system concepts, and their retention of this understanding. The subjects of this study consist of 73 ninth grade female students

Alkhawaldeh, Salem A.

2007-01-01

195

Grading New York: Accountability and Student Proficiency in America's Largest School District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses a regression discontinuity approach to study the influence of New York City's school grading policy on student math and English language arts (ELA) achievement. We find evidence that students in schools receiving a failing grade realized positive effects in English in the 1st year of sanction, but we find no statistically…

Winters, Marcus A.; Cowen, Joshua M.

2012-01-01

196

A Second Chance in Second Grade: The Independent and Cumulative Impact of First- and Second-Grade Reading Instruction and Students' Letter-Word Reading Skill Growth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relation of language arts instruction to students' letter-word reading skill growth from the beginning of 1st grade to the end of 2nd grade using cross-classified random effects models. Amounts of teacher-managed, code-focused instruction in 1st and 2nd grade each uniquely predicted students' letter-word reading skill…

Connor, Carol McDonald; Morrison, Frederick J.; Underwood, Phyllis S.

2007-01-01

197

What Factors Have Been Identified by Teachers as Reasons for the Variations Between Academic Achievement or Teacher Assigned Grades, and Standardized Test Scores for Sixth Grade Students?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to determine what factors sixth grade teachers from selected sixth grade centers identified as the reasons for the variations between academic achievement, or teacher assigned grades, and standardized test scores for sixth grade students. Thirty-two teachers participated in a questionnaire survey that was specifically designed, through the use of research, for this study. The questionnaire was

Barbara Chunn Jenkins

1986-01-01

198

Testing the Efficacy of "INSIGHTS" on Student Disruptive Behavior, Classroom Management, and Student Competence in Inner City Primary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A prevention trial tested the efficacy of "INSIGHTS into Children's Temperament" as compared to a Read Aloud attention control condition in reducing student disruptive behavior and enhancing student competence and teacher classroom management. Participants included 116 first and second grade students, their parents, and their 42 teachers in six…

McClowry, Sandra Graham; Snow, David L.; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Rodriguez, Eileen T.

2010-01-01

199

First-Grade Student Retention Within a 3Tier Reading Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

First-grade students from 6 Title I schools participated in this study, which used a response to intervention (RTI) framework to examine the retention of 1st-grade students. Researchers examined reading and behavior data from 3 cohorts of students (1 historical control cohort and 2 cohorts receiving tiered reading instruction) and data gathered from interviews with school principals. They (a) identified a

Christy S. Murray; Althea L. Woodruff; Sharon Vaughn

2010-01-01

200

Students’ Attitudes Toward Chemistry Lessons: The Interaction Effect between Grade Level and Gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the interaction effect between grade level and gender with respect to\\u000a students' attitudes toward chemistry lessons taught in secondary schools. The sample consisted of 954 chemistry students in\\u000a grades Secondary 4–7 (approximately 16–19 years of age) in Hong Kong. Students' attitudes were surveyed using an attitude\\u000a toward chemistry lessons scale (ATCLS), and

Derek Cheung

2009-01-01

201

Timing and Duration of Student Participation in Special Education in the Primary Grades. Issue Brief. NCES 2007-043  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Issue Brief reports the timing of entry into special education and the number of grades in which students receive special education across the primary grades. About 12 percent of students receive special education in at least one of the grades: kindergarten, first, and third grade, including 16 percent of boys, 8 percent of girls, 18 percent…

Holt, Emily W.; McGrath, Daniel J.; Herring, William L.

2007-01-01

202

Coffee Can Speakers: Amazing Energy Transformers--Fifth-Grade Students Learn the Science behind Speakers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors describe steps on how to develop a high-impact activity in which students build, test, and improve their own "coffee can" speakers to observe firsthand how loudspeakers work to convert electrical energy to sound. The activity is appropriate for students in grades three to six and lends itself best to students

Wise, Kevin; Haake, Monica

2007-01-01

203

Peer Contexts: Do Old for Grade and Retained Peers Influence Student Behavior in Middle School?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Many school systems have ended social promotion by implementing accountability systems where students who fail academic assessments are retained in grade. Additionally, some parents have delayed their children's entry into school, believing that older students have an advantage. While research has examined outcomes for students

Muschkin, Clara G.; Glennie, Elizabeth; Beck, Audrey N.

2014-01-01

204

Are You Convinced? Middle-Grade Students' Evaluations of Mathematical Arguments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students learn norms of proving by observing teachers generating proofs, engaging in proving, and generalizing features of proofs deemed convincing by an authority, such as a textbook. Students at all grade levels have difficulties generating valid proof; however, little research exists on students' understandings about what makes a…

Bieda, Kristen N.; Lepak, Jerilynn

2014-01-01

205

Turning Points: A Transitional Story of Grade Seven Music Students' Participation in High School Band Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a framework for our study, a broad set of themes related to the retention of students in music programmes are presented to enhance our understanding of how to retain band students. Data were collected from grade seven students comprising four focus groups. We used ethnodrama, an arts-based educational research approach, to represent results as…

Gouzouasis, Peter; Henrey, Julia; Belliveau, George

2008-01-01

206

Reforming the Eighth-Grade Student Assignment Process for the Philadelphia Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The eighth grade student assignment project, an initiative of the School District of Philadelphia, assigns students to high school academic programs based on student preferences, academic preparation, program capacity, and desegregation requirements. These programs, called small learning communities (SLCs), emphasize areas such as design and…

Johnson, Michael P.

207

Samples of Students' Responses from the Grade 9 Science Performance-Based Assessment Tasks, June 1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this document is to provide teachers, administrators, students, and parents with samples of students' performances that exemplify standards in relation to the 1993 Grade 9 Science Performance-Based Assessment Tasks for the province of Alberta, Canada. A sample of 698 randomly selected students from 31 schools did the…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

208

Dream Catchers. Developing Career & Educational Awareness in the Intermediate Grades. Student Activity Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workbook, aimed at students in the middle grades, was developed to help students plan for their futures. The workbook consists of three parts. Part 1 leads students to explore the world of careers. It includes information on career clusters and what workers in each type of cluster do. It also includes information on volunteer work and home…

Lindsay, Norene

209

Improving Spelling and Language Arts Skills of Chapter 1 Fourth Grade Students through Paragraph Compositions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum addressed the problem of Chapter 1 fourth grade students not being able to compose a paragraph using correct spelling and language arts skills. The subjects were 16 predominantly Black and Hispanic students in a school in an old small southern city. The students had paragraph composition assignments weekly. The goals were: (1) to…

Budnik, Patricia McNulty

210

Fifth Grade Students' Understanding of Ratio and Proportion in an Engineering Robotics Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research described in this dissertation explores the impact of utilizing a LEGO-robotics integrated engineering and mathematics program to support fifth grade students' learning of ratios and proportion in an extracurricular program. The research questions guiding this research study were (1) how do students' test results compare for students

Ortiz, Araceli Martinez

2010-01-01

211

Electronic Storybooks: A Constructivist Approach to Improving Reading Motivation in Grade 1 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study stemmed from a concern of the perceived decline in students' reading motivation after the early years of schooling. This research investigated the effectiveness of online eBooks on eight grade 1 students' reading motivation. Eight students were given ten 25-minute sessions with the software programs over 15 weeks. Qualitative data were…

Ciampa, Katia

2012-01-01

212

Using Dynamic Geometry Software to Improve Eight Grade Students' Understanding of Transformation Geometry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effect of dynamic geometry software (DGS) on students' learning of transformation geometry. A pre- and post-test quasi-experimental design was used. Participants in the study were 68 eighth grade students (36 in the experimental group and 32 in the control group). While the experimental group students were studying the…

Guven, Bulent

2012-01-01

213

Reading Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities in the Upper Elementary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For students with learning disabilities, the upper elementary grades may represent a unique opportunity to provide successful remediation for lessening a reading difficulty and preventing students with learning disabilities from falling behind in other content areas. This article discusses effective reading interventions for students with learning…

Wanzek, Jeanne; Kent, Shawn C.

2012-01-01

214

Strengthening Grade 3-5 Students' Foundational Knowledge of Rational Numbers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: American students have done poorly in algebra and that has generated policy concerns about preparing students for STEM careers. There has been growing recognition that the algebra problem may begin in earlier grades when students do not adequately master rational numbers. Purpose: The study provided a series of workshops organized…

Good, Thomas L.; Wood, Marcy B.; Sabers, Darrell; Olson, Amy M.; Lavigne, Alyson Leah; Sun, Huaping; Kalinec-Craig, Crystal

2013-01-01

215

Instructional Communication Predictors of Ninth-Grade Students' Affective Learning in Math and Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine how students' perceptions of their teachers' instructional communication behaviors were related to their affective learning in math and science. A survey was used to collect perceptions from 497 ninth-grade students. The following conclusions were yielded from the data: (1) students' perceptions of their…

Mottet, Timothy P.; Garza, Ruben; Beebe, Steven A.; Houser, Marian L.; Jurrells, Summer; Furler, Lisa

2008-01-01

216

Interest Differences between Male and Female Students and Correlation to Their Academic Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A six week study in an urban district was conducted attempting to compare the academic interests between male and female students at the second and third grade levels, and correlate these with the students' academic performance, as put forth on the Record of Student Growth, or Report Card. The children completed teacher made interest inventories.…

Mena, Ileana F.

217

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well the student knows the reading, writing, and mathematics content that all Arizona students in the student's grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS DPA includes…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

218

Arizona?s Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well the student knows the reading, writing, and mathematics content that all Arizona students in the student's grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS DPA includes…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

219

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well the student knows the reading, writing, and mathematics content that all Arizona students in the student's grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS DPA includes…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

220

Teacher-Student Relationship Quality Type in Elementary Grades: Effects on Trajectories for Achievement and Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher, peer, and student reports of the quality of the teacher-student relationship were obtained for an ethnically diverse and academically at-risk sample of 706 second- and third-grade students. Cluster analysis identified four types of relationships based on the consistency of child reports of support and conflict in the relationship with…

Wu, Jiun-Yu; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-Man

2010-01-01

221

Fifth-Grade Students' Knowledge about Writing Process and Writing Genres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine what students know about the process of writing and the characteristics of stories, persuasive arguments, and informational reports. Participants were 50 grade 5 students. Students responded to questions about writing process and the three different types of writing, and showed a nuanced but relatively…

Gillespie, Amy; Olinghouse, Natalie G.; Graham, Steve

2013-01-01

222

Acids and Bases: The Appropriation of the Arrhenius Model by Tunisian Grade 10 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this work, we propose to identify the knowledge that Tunisian grade 10 students build up concerning acids and bases. Thus, after learning, we have proceeded by giving a paper and pencil task to students of two levels of teaching. The results obtained allow us to say that the assimilated knowledge is transitory; that the students have a worse…

Ouertatani, Latifa; Dumon, Alain; Trabelsi, Malika Ayadi; Soudani, Mohamed

2007-01-01

223

Relationships of Grade, Sex, and Teacher Rankings to Coder Ratings on a Checklist of Student Behaviors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings from the Student Attribute Study, a two-year investigation designed to identify student characteristics and behaviors related to teacher expectations and attitudes are reported. Children in grades two through five who received consistent teacher rankings over a two-year period on one or more of 13 bi-polar scales describing student

Evertson, Carolyn M.; And Others

224

Effect of Class Size, Grades Given, and Academic Field on Student Opinion of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the effect of class size, grades given, and college and national academic field rankings on student opinion of instruction. Finds no significant correlations between the three input variables and student opinion of instruction. These results leave teacher effectiveness as the most likely variable to explain student ratings. (Contains 13…

Lesser, Diane; Ferrand, Judy

2000-01-01

225

7th Grade Life Science Units Modified for ESOL Students--Middle School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A set of supplemental materials for teaching grade 7 life sciences to beginning and intermediate students of English as a second language (ESL) includes an introductory section on teaching the ESL student and six instructional units. The introductory section discusses the special classroom needs and characteristics of the ESL student and provides…

Bernache, Carolyn; Jones, Jacqueline

226

The Brief Multidimensional Students’ Life Satisfaction Scale: Sex, Race, and Grade Effects for Applications with Middle School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preliminary normative data for the Brief Multidimensional Students’ Life Satisfaction Scale (BMSLSS) total score were collected\\u000a from 2,987 South Carolina middle school students in Grades 6 though 8. Tests for gender and ethnicity (African-American vs.\\u000a Caucasian) effects were non-significant. Statistically significant differences between grade levels were discovered, but the\\u000a magnitude of these differences was quite small. Thus, a single set

E. Scott Huebner; Shannon M. Suldo; Robert F. Valois; J. Wanzer Drane

2006-01-01

227

Making the Grade: College Students with Visual Impairments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of the transition experiences of 102 college students with visual impairments (blindness or low vision), and of the services offered for students with disabilities at 66 colleges, found that the colleges provided most of the services students need to be successful. Students also identified areas in which visually impaired high school…

McBroom, L. W.

1997-01-01

228

Motivating Middle Grades Students Using a Cooperative Learning Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that lack of student motivation is one of the primary reasons students drop out of school and that lack of student motivation is particularly evident at the onset of adolescence, this study compared multidimensional motivation gains of middle school students who were heterogeneously grouped according to motivational level to gains of those…

Corder, Gregory W.

229

Predicting Students' Performance on Agricultural Science Examination from Forecast Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Botswana Examination Council (BEC) uses forecast grades obtained from secondary school Agriculture teachers to review component 2 of Agriculture final examination. Moderation of component 2 can help to improve candidates' final grade. This descriptive-correlational study purports to determine which of the component 1 (multiple choice),…

Moreetsi, Thobega; Mbako, Masole Trust

2008-01-01

230

Grade 1 Students Meet David Wiesner's "Three Pigs."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the oral, written, and visual arts responses of a group of Grade 1 children. Discusses first grade children's understandings of and responses to several Radical Change characteristics and metafictive techniques found in David Wiesner's "The Three Pigs" (2001), the 2002 Randolph Caldecott Medal winner. Explores the nature of the literary…

Pantaleo, Sylvia

2002-01-01

231

English Curriculum, Grades Eleven and Twelve. The NOW Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GRADES OR AGES: Grades 11 and 12. SUBJECT MATTER: English for the academically handicapped. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: The guide contains several introductory chapters. The central part of the guide which outlines the curriculum is broken down into four sections--composition, language, literature, and mass media. The guide is xeroxed…

McMullen, Walter; And Others

232

Grade\\/Performance Contracts, Enhanced Communication, Cooperative Learning and Student Performance in Undergraduate Organic Chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a grade\\/study-performance contract that was designed to increase student retention while maintaining academic performance levels in undergraduate organic chemistry. The experimental course included enhanced communication using electronic mail, and cooperative learning in addition to grade\\/study-performance contracts. The objective of the grade\\/study-performance contract was the development of learning skills with creation of a basis for unobtrusive auditing of

Ralph C. Dougherty

1997-01-01

233

Academic Performance of Nursing Students: Do Prerequisite Grades and Tutoring Make a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The academic performance of first-semester nursing students who attended 5 or more (n=18) or fewer than 5 (n=19) tutorials was compared. A significant relationship was found between grades in prerequisite science courses and first-semester performance. Those who attended fewer tutorials had higher prerequisite course grades. (Contains 17…

Potolsky, Alicia; Cohen, Jayne; Saylor, Coleen

2003-01-01

234

Role of Resilient Personality on Lower Achieving First Grade Students' Current and Future Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated a measurement model of personality resilience and the contribution of personality resilience to lower achieving first grade students' academic achievement. Participants were 445 ethnically diverse children who at entrance to first grade scored below their school district median on a test of literacy. Participants were…

Kwok, Oi-man; Hughes, Jan N.; Luo, Wen

2007-01-01

235

The Use of Fuzzy Theory in Grading of Students in Math  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of computer science, statistics and other technological fields, give us more opportunities to improve the process of evaluation of degree of knowledge and achievements in a learning process of our students. More and more we are relying on the computer software to guide us in the grading process. An improved way of grading can help…

Bjelica, Momcilo; Rankovic, Dragica

2010-01-01

236

Increasing Critical Thinking Skills of the Fourth Grade Student through Problem Solving Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum was designed to incorporate critical thinking skills instruction and practice into a fourth-grade curriculum to increase fourth-grade students' ability to recognize and apply critical thinking strategies to appropriate situations. This program concentrated on the increasing of six critical thinking skills: classification, sequence…

Rice, Beth

237

The Impact of Self- and Peer-Grading on Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2001 U.S. Supreme Court Case of Falvo v. Owasso School System (Owasso Independent School District No I-011 v. Falvo) has focused national attention on the common classroom practice of peer-grading. In a unanimous decision the court reaffirmed the popular view that students grading each others' tests is valuable, saving teachers' time and…

Sadler, Philip M.; Good, Eddie

2006-01-01

238

Samples of Students' Responses from the Grade 3 Mathematics Performance-based Assessment Tasks, June 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of Alberta Education's (Canada) broadened assessment initiatives, a sample of 693 Grade 3 students from across the province participated in the Mathematics Performance-based Assessment, 1994. This activity-based assessment, using picture books and manipulatives, was developed by Grade 3 teachers to assess a broad range of skills not easily…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

239

Improving Reading, Writing, and Content Learning for Students in Grades 4-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In contrast to the primary grades when children are learning to read, students in grades 4 through 12 are expected to learn content as they read, yet they may still struggle with reading basics. This book provides a realistic and systematic process for improving reading and writing while enhancing content knowledge and skills. Based on proven…

Taylor, Rosemarye T.

2006-01-01

240

Attitudes toward Alcohol and Other Mind Altering Substances of Students in Seventh, Eighth, and Ninth Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescents continue to use alcohol and other drugs despite the profound risks to their health. This thesis examines the attitudes of students in grades 7-9 toward alcohol and other nonprescriptive mind-altering substances. Eight independent variables were investigated: (1) gender; (2) grade placement; (3) DARE (Drug Abuse Resistance Education)…

Redetzke, Pamela M.

241

A Comparison of Two Reading Programs on the Reading Outcomes of First-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of two theoretically different reading programs on the reading outcomes of first-grade students (N = 107). Two elementary schools were chosen for participation based on the first-grade reading program currently being implemented in the schools. One school used the "Horizons Fast Track A-B"…

Tobin, Kevin G.; Calhoon, Mary Beth

2009-01-01

242

Primary-Grade Students' Knowledge and Thinking about the Economics of Meeting Families' Shelter Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviewed 216 students in kindergarten through grade 3 about the economics of meeting families' needs for shelter. Responses indicated that most understood that people have to pay for shelter, but most were vague about renting apartments or mortgages. Discusses findings in reference to curriculum and instruction in the early grades. (SLD)

Brophy, Jere; Alleman, Janet

2002-01-01

243

Minimum Reading Fluency Necessary for Comprehension among Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examined the relationship between oral reading fluency (ORF) and reading comprehension for students in second grade. A total of 84 participants were randomly assigned to one of four conditions that involved reading a grade-appropriate passage with either 0%, 10%, 20%, or 30% scrambled words and answering subsequent comprehension…

Burns, Matthew K.; Kwoka, Heather; Lim, Becky; Crone, Melissa; Haegele, Katherine; Parker, David C.; Petersen, Shawna; Scholin, Sarah E.

2011-01-01

244

Predicting English Word Reading Skills for Spanish-Speaking Students in First Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the word reading skills in English and Spanish for a sample of 244 Spanish-speaking, English-learning (hence, bilingual) students in first grade and presents a predictive model for English word reading skills. The children in the study were assessed at the end of kindergarten and first grade, respectively. Data were gathered…

Paez, Mariela; Rinaldi, Claudia

2006-01-01

245

A Survey of Student Assessment Practice in Physical Education: Recommendations for Grading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the physical education discipline, there has been debate and a lack of consensus with regard to the relevancy of various factors used for the determination of student grades such as attendance, being dressed in a physical education uniform, and participation. To examine current professional practice with respect to grading in physical…

Young, Shawna

2011-01-01

246

Increasing Word Recognition with Racially Diverse Second-Grade Students Using Fluency-Oriented Reading Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examined the effectiveness of 2 fluency-oriented reading programs on improving reading fluency for an ethnically diverse sample of second-grade students. The first approach is Fluency-Oriented Reading Instruction (S. A. Stahl & K. Heubach, 2005), which incorporates the repeated reading of a grade-level text over the course of an…

Turner, Franklin Dickerson

2012-01-01

247

Implementing Strategies in Content Area Reading for Increasing Reading Comprehension of Fifth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A practicum was conducted to improve reading comprehension in classroom performance with the basal reading series and on norm-referenced tests. Subjects included a fifth-grade class of 28 students who were paired with another fifth-grade class as peer teachers. New skills were taught and practiced with the target population early in the week. On…

Cibula, June Clarke

248

Predicting Graduation Status of Nursing Students Using Entering GPA and Grades in Algebra, Biology, and Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was undertaken at Morton College, in Illinois, to examine the relationship of entering grade point average (GPA) and grades in prerequisite support courses in algebra, biology, and chemistry to graduation in the college's nursing program. A sample was developed of 255 students admitted to the nursing program in 1990, 1991, and 1992 and…

Spahr, Anthony E.

249

Ninth-grade students' attitudes toward energy: A comparison between Maine and New Brunswick  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the study was to determine if there was any relationship between energy attitudes of ninth-grade students by gender and by their geographical location (Maine and New Brunswick). For general energy concerns, Maine students had a more positive attitude than New Brunswick students. Both Maine and New Brunswick females had a more positive attitude toward energy than males. Overall, Maine and New Brunswick students had a nonpositive attitude toward energy.

Barrow, L.H.; Morrisey, J.T.

1987-01-01

250

The Relationship between Curriculum-Based Measures in Oral Reading Fluency and High-Stakes Tests for Seventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between oral reading fluency and performance on a statewide reading achievement test for middle grades students. Participants in this study were 75 seventh grade students. One month before the students were administered the state test, each student read three probes from their current…

Hunley, Sawyer A.; Davies, Susan C.; Miller, Christina R.

2013-01-01

251

All Students Can Learn: Effects of Curriculum Alignment on the Mathematics Achievement of Third-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study involved over 4,000 third grade students in a large (90,000+) suburban-emerging-urban school district. The purpose of the study was to examine the effectiveness of curriculum alignment on student achievement in mathematics as measured by the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (IOWA) after one year of implementation in the DeKalb County School…

Mitchell, Felicia Moss

252

Formal operational reasoning modes: Predictors of critical thinking abilities and grades assigned by teachers in science and mathematics for students in grades nine through twelve  

Microsoft Academic Search

To test the hypothesis that formal operational reasoning modes are predictors of critical thinking abilities and grades assigned by teachers in science and mathematics, in September 1986 the Group Assessment of Logical Thinking (GALT) and in December 1986 the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA) were administered to 101 rural students in Grades 9 through 12. The grades assigned by teachers

Betty L. Bitner

1991-01-01

253

A Preliminary Study of Bully and Victim Behavior in Old-for-Grade Students: Another Potential Hidden Cost of Grade Retention or Delayed School Entry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mounting evidence suggests that being an old-for-grade student, as a result of grade retention or delayed school entry, is related to negative outcomes across various domains of functioning. No known study has examined the relations between old-for-grade status and specific childhood/adolescent bully and victim behaviors. The first purpose of this…

Crothers, Laura M.; Schreiber, James B.; Schmitt, Ara J.; Bell, G. Ronald; Blasik, Jessica; Comstock, Leigh A.; Greisler, Michael J.; Keener, Dana; King, Jamie M.; Lipinski, John

2010-01-01

254

Student Self-Concept and Effort: Gender and Grade Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' self-concept and effort in schoolwork are known to have significant influences on essential academic outcomes, but self-concept and effort may decline as students grow up. Students from 16 schools in Sydney (N = 2200) were asked to rate on two self-concept components (competency and affect) and effort in schoolwork. Based on measures…

Yeung, Alexander Seeshing

2011-01-01

255

Society for College Science Teachers: Grade Inflation -- Is Ranking Students the Answer?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In recent years, several solutions have been proposed at various institutions nationwide to curb the phenomena of "grade inflation". Solutions include limiting the number of A's awarded, converting to a +/- system, publishing the class GPA next to each grade, or publishing an index based on the grades typically awarded in the class (Johnson 2003). With the many variations, exceptions and ranking systems being debated, the fundamental issue remains, whether students should be ranked as a means to contend with the effects of grade inflation.

French, Donald P.

2005-05-01

256

Delaware Student Testing Program: State Summary Report: Science & Social Studies, Spring 2002 Administration, Grades 8 and 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results from the third administration of the 8th and 11th grade science and social studies portions of the Delaware Student Testing Program (DSTP) represent an important step in Delawares efforts to educate all students to a higher level. Science and social studies data for grades 8 and 11 are summarized here, and the results for grades 4 and…

Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover. Assessment and Accountability Branch.

257

Examining Item Functioning of Math Screening Measures for Grades 1-8 Students. Technical Report Number 08-04  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

BRT Math Screening Measures focus on students' mathematics performance in grade-level standards for students in grades 1-8. A total of 24 test forms are available with three test forms per grade corresponding to fall, winter, and spring testing periods. Each form contains computation problems and application problems. BRT Math Screening Measures…

Liu, Kimy; Ketterlin-Geller, Leanne R.; Yovanoff, Paul; Tindal, Gerald

2008-01-01

258

When the Tail Wags the Dog: Perceptions of Learning and Grade Orientation in, and by, Contemporary College Students and Faculty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three investigations assessed how concurrent emphases on the intrinsic value of learning and the importance of grades affect college student and instructor views of themselves and of one another. Results suggest that students and instructors have compatible learning and grade orientation ideals, but that current grading practices adversely affect…

Pollio, Howard R.; Beck, Hall P.

2000-01-01

259

Loneliness among students with special educational needs in mainstream seventh grade.  

PubMed

The goals of this study were twofold. The first aim was to explore loneliness prevalence in typically developing students, students with ASD and students with motor and/or sensory disabilities in mainstream 7th grade in Belgium. The second aim was to explore the relations between number of friends, friendship quality, social self-concept on the one hand and loneliness on the other for each of these three groups, and to compare them across groups. In this study, 108 students with special educational needs (SEN; i.e., 58 students with ASD and 50 students with motor and/or sensory disabilities) were matched to 108 typically developing classmates. Students with ASD reported more loneliness than typically developing students and students with motor and/or sensory disabilities. Loneliness prevalence for typically developing students and students with motor and/or sensory disabilities did not differ significantly. Factors related with loneliness differed between typically developing students and students with SEN (i.e., students with ASD and students with motor and/or sensory disabilities). For students with SEN, same-sex social self-concept was related with loneliness, but not, as for typically developing students, number of friends and opposite-sex social self-concept. Also friendship quality had a marginally significant effect on loneliness feelings for students with SEN. Implications for further research and practice are discussed. PMID:22705912

Bossaert, Goele; Colpin, Hilde; Pijl, Sip Jan; Petry, Katja

2012-01-01

260

Grading Standards and Student Performance in Community College and University Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research was undertaken to determine whether comparable grading standards are used in evaluating student performance at two-year community colleges and four-year universities. Examination of academic records of 417 students who took college level math at the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga in fall 2009 compared the performance of those who…

Friedl, John; Pittenger, David J.; Sherman, Michael

2012-01-01

261

Life in a Russian Eighth Grade; A Profile of Students and a School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the general education program for a Russian eighth grade student, compared to key elements reported in Lounsbury and Clark's 1990 national study of eighth graders. Russian intermediate students care how they look, like to socialize and discuss politics, and complete several hours of homework. Schools lack interdisciplinary teaming,…

Zsiray, Stephen W., Jr.; Rodionova, Galina

1992-01-01

262

"Standards"-Based Mathematics Curricula and Middle-Grades Students' Performance on Standardized Achievement Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined achievement patterns of middle school students enrolled in Standards-based curricula, in particular those curricula that were funded from a solicitation of proposals through the National Science Foundation (NSF) in the early 1990s (NSF RFP 91-100). Approximately 1400 middle-grades students who had used either the Connected…

Post, Thomas R.; Harwell, Michael R.; Davis, Jon D.; Maeda, Yukiko; Cutler, Arnie; Andersen, Edwin; Kahan, Jeremy A.; Norman, Ke Wu

2008-01-01

263

Science Grade 7: A Search for Structure. (Teacher's Manual and 4 Student Manuals.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included in this set are the teacher's guide and the four student laboratory manuals for the seventh grade science program, "A Search For Structure." The program has three phases, each consisting of student-centered, investigative activities. There are two subject area options in phase one: option A, Rocks and Minerals; and option B, Insects. The…

Kolb, Haven, Ed.

264

Using Multiple Representations to Promote Grade 11 Students' Scientific Understanding of the Particle Theory of Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored two groups of Grade 11 (age 16-17) students' conceptual understandings about aspects of particle theory before, immediately after, and 3 months after instruction with multiple representations (IMR) and instruction with verbal representations (IVR). Data sources included open-ended questionnaires, interviews, and student

Adadan, Emine

2013-01-01

265

Effects of Concept Cartoons on Mathematics Self-Efficacy of 7th Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of concept cartoons on the students' perception of their levels of self-efficacy towards mathematics. The research has been designed as the pre-test post-test with quasi experimental control group. The research participants are composed of 94 7th grade students attending an elementary school…

Sengul, Sare

2011-01-01

266

The Persistence of Misconceptions about the Human Blood Circulatory System among Students in Different Grade Levels  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, it is aimed to investigate the persistence of misconceptions in the topic of the human blood circulatory system among students in different grade levels. For this reason, after discussions with biology educators, two tests consisting of open-ended questions were developed by the researcher and administered to students in four…

Ozgur, Sami

2013-01-01

267

Effects of Brain Gym on Overhand Throwing in First Grade Students: A Preliminary Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose was to examine the effect of Brain Gym on learning the overhand throw among 42 first grade students. Participants from two intact classes were randomly assigned to an experimental or control condition. Students were tested before and after a 5-week intervention using the object control subtest from the Test of Gross Motor Development-2…

Maskell, Bronwen; Shapiro, Deborah R.; Ridley, Christopher

2004-01-01

268

The Effectiveness of Web-Based Curricula on Seventh Grade Mathematics Students in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of using web-based curricula on seventh grade students' achievement in mathematics in King Abdullah School in Irbid, Jordan. The researcher followed the equivalent pre/post T-test two group designs. To achieve the aim of the study, a pre/post-test was constructed to measure students'…

Muhanna, Wafa

2012-01-01

269

Relations among Grade 4 Students' Perceptions of Autonomy, Engagement in Science, and Reading Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors extend previous work on students' perceptions of teachers' autonomy-enhancing and autonomy-suppressing behaviors in relation to students' engagement to a more situated context (i.e., two Grade 4 science instructional conditions instead of school in general) and a linguistically diverse population (i.e., Hispanic…

Taboada Barber, Ana; Buehl, Michelle M.

2013-01-01

270

Increasing Constructive Behavior of Intermediate Grade Students through the Use of The Response Cost Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research project was to increase constructive behavior of intermediate grade students through the use of the response cost strategy. Approximately 70 students participated in this study. Three teacher researchers conducted the research in an elementary school and two middle schools in different counties near a major mid-western…

Bauer, Heather; Burno, Carolyn; Millstone, Teresa

2009-01-01

271

Thai Grade 11 Students' Alternative Conceptions for Acid-Base Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study involved the development of a two-tier diagnostic instrument to assess Thai high school students' understanding of acid-base chemistry. The acid-base diagnostic test (ABDT) comprising 18 items was administered to 55 Grade 11 students in a science and mathematics programme during the second semester of the 2008 academic year. Analysis of…

Artdej, Romklao; Ratanaroutai, Thasaneeya; Coll, Richard Kevin; Thongpanchang, Tienthong

2010-01-01

272

The Joy of Fs: A Student Guide to Getting Lousy Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students who wish to get bad grades should daydream, not read their textbooks or study manuals, avoid note taking, and procrastinate on assignments. This "manual" is used in an introductory psychology class to modify students' habits and change mediocre classroom behavior. (CS)

Brown, Charles J.

1983-01-01

273

Reducing Test Anxiety and Improving Academic Performance in Fourth Grade Students: Exploring an Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative study investigated the effectiveness of a teacher-implemented intervention of eight sessions integrated into an existing curriculum to reduce test anxiety and improve academic performance in fourth grade students. The experimental group, n=23 was drawn from a sample of 64 students in a southwestern Rhode Island public school…

Donato, Jeanne M.

2009-01-01

274

The Relationship between Physical Fitness and Academic Achievement in Ninth-Grade Students in Arkansas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose, scope, and method of study. The purpose of this study was to determine if and to what degree a relationship existed between physical fitness and the academic achievement of ninth-grade public school students in Arkansas. A sample of 152 students from four different schools participated in the study. The dependent variable was academic…

Hanna, Shellie Lyne

2009-01-01

275

Plus/Minus Grading and Motivation: An Empirical Study of Student Choice and Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers whether student motivation might be impacted by the replacement of a straight (A, B, C, D, F) grading system with a plus/minus system (A, A?, B+ D?, F). The data that are examined are from several undergraduate economics classes at a mid-sized midwestern university in the United States. The data includes student

Mcclure, James E.; Spector, Lee C.

2005-01-01

276

Guided Inquiry Learning Unit on Aquatic Ecosystems for Seventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using mini-aquaria experiments, a learning unit on the effects of light period on aquatic ecosystems was developed for 7th grade students. This guided inquiry unit was aimed at helping students understand basic ecological principles involved in relationships among physical, chemical, and biological components in aquatic ecosystems. It involved…

To-im, Jongdee; Ruenwongsa, Pintip

2009-01-01

277

Urban Minority Ninth-Grade Students' Health-Related Fitness Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to examine Hispanic and other minority ninth-grade students' health-related fitness (HRF) knowledge, using FitSmart, a standardized test for high school students. The test consisted of 50 weighted multiple choice items, measuring six subcontent components. Means and standard deviations of the overall scores and the…

Keating, Xiaofen Deng; Chen, Li; Guan, Jianmin; Harrison, Louis, Jr.; Dauenhauer, Brian

2009-01-01

278

Different Grade Students' Use and Interpretation of Literal Symbols  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study was to determine and compare 7th, 8th, and 9th grades students' level of use and interpret the literal symbols. In addition, students' responses to questions that require use of different roles of literal symbol were examined to identify the errors. For this purpose, Chelsea Diagnostics Algebra test developed by The…

Celik, Derya; Gunes, Gonul

2013-01-01

279

Exploring Grade 7 Students’ Written Responses to Shaun Tan’s The Arrival  

Microsoft Academic Search

During two multifaceted, classroom-based research projects, Grade 7 students had opportunities to develop their understanding of metafictive devices and art and design elements by reading a selection of picturebooks and graphic novels. The students also had the opportunity to apply their knowledge and create their own multimodal print texts. This article focuses on The Arrival (Shaun Tan, 2006), one of

Sylvia Pantaleo; Alexandra Bomphray

2011-01-01

280

Mathematical Communications: Elementary Pre-Service Teachers' E-Mail Exchanges with Sixth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the communication between pre-service teachers and sixth grade students in a project in which email was used for communication as students learned about fractions and were supported by the pre-service teachers. Specifically, the study investigated how the pre-service teachers applied their mathematical knowledge to understand…

Tunc-Pekkan, Zelha; D'Ambrosio, Beatriz S.

2009-01-01

281

Evaluating Fifth- and Sixth-Grade Students' Expository Writing: Task Development, Scoring, and Psychometric Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from multiple theoretical frameworks representing cognitive and educational psychology, we present a writing task and scoring system for measurement of students' informative writing. Participants in this study were 72 fifth- and sixth-grade students who wrote compositions describing real-world problems and how mathematics, science, and…

Kulikowich, Jonna M.; Mason, Linda H.; Brown, Scott W.

2008-01-01

282

Grade Point Average and Student Outcomes. Data Notes. Volume 5, Number 1, January/February 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from Achieving the Dream: Community College Count, this issue of Data Notes investigates the academic achievement patterns of students attending Achieving the Dream colleges. The data show that 21 percent of students at Achieving the Dream colleges had grade point averages (GPAs) of 3.50 or higher at the end of their first year. At…

Clery, Sue; Topper, Amy

2010-01-01

283

Facilitating Changes in Ninth Grade Students' Understanding of Dissolution and Diffusion through DSLM Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the nature and process of ninth grade students' conceptual change regarding their mental model of dissolution and diffusion as a result of instructions using the Dual Situated Learning Model (DSLM). The dual situated learning events of this model are designed according to the students' ontological viewpoint of the science…

She, Hsiao-Ching

2004-01-01

284

An Exploratory Study of Face-to-Face and Cyberbullying in Sixth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a pilot study, sixth grade students (N = 124) completed a questionnaire assessing students' experience with bullying and cyberbullying, demographic information, quality of parent-child relationship, and ways they have dealt with bullying/cyberbullying in the past. Two multiple regression analyses were conducted. The multiple regression analysis…

Accordino, Denise B.; Accordino, Michael P.

2011-01-01

285

The Importance of Homework in Determining Immigrant Students' Grades in Schools in the USA Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: While a significant body of research has addressed teachers' evaluations of mainstream English speaking students, there is a dearth of such research focusing on immigrant adolescents. As many immigrant students are in the process of acquiring English language proficiency, evaluating and assigning grades to immigrant youth can pose…

Bang, Hee Jin; Suarez-Orozco, Carola; Pakes, Juliana; O'Connor, Erin

2009-01-01

286

Experimental Evidence on the Effect of Grading Incentives on Student Learning in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors aim to identify the causal effect of the use of graded problem sets on academic performance of Spanish students. The identification strategy relies on an experiment in which the authors exploit variation arising from observing the performance of nearly 300 students taking the same class during the same semester and…

Artes, Joaquin; Rahona, Marta

2013-01-01

287

Prediction Training and the Comprehension and Composing Performance of Fourth-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the effects of prediction training on the reading comprehension and written composition performance of fourth-grade students on the following reading and writing tasks: story recall, story generation, and number of relevant predictions. Subjects, 40 students attending two private urban elementary schools, were assigned to one of…

Spears, Myschelle; Gambrell, Linda B.

288

Change in Student Beliefs about Attitudes toward Science in Grades 6-9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reports on an investigation of the impact of a Science-Technology-Society (STS) approach in promoting more positive student attitudes toward science that are recommended by current reform documents. A total of 609 students from grades six through nine were selected for a survey of attitudes in two class sections assigned as either…

Akcay, Hakan; Yager, Robert E.; Iskander, Srini M.; Turgut, Halil

2010-01-01

289

Primary-Grade Students' Knowledge and Thinking about Food Production and the Origins of Common Foods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individual interviews were conducted with 96 K-3 students, stratified according to grade level, achievement level, and gender. The students were asked to explain land-to-hand progressions involved in bringing several common foods to our tables, identify products derived from common farm animals, explain why a pound of cereal costs more than a…

Brophy, Jere; Alleman, Janet; O'Mahony, Carolyn

2003-01-01

290

Pocket Power, Grades K-2. Teacher Guide [and] Student Storybook. Financial Fitness for Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing financial fitness requires first developing a knowledge base and then applying it. This teacher guide and student storybook package focuses on personal finance skills for primary school students in grades K-2. The teacher guide contains 16 lessons divided into the 5 theme areas of earning an income, saving, spending, borrowing, and…

Hopkins, Martha C.; Wright, Donna K.

291

Environmental Attitudes, Knowledge, and Behaviors of Missouri 6th- and 12th-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) produces various environmental materials for preschool, elementary, and secondary students and sponsors outdoor education programs. An MDC-sponsored survey of students in grades 6 and 12 found moderate levels of environmental knowledge, with weaknesses in the areas of biodiversity, wetlands, and…

Greene, Janice Schnake; Roddiger, Brian; Drysdale, Li'anne; Gray, Ginger; Merrigan, Colleen; Witter, Dan

2000-01-01

292

Fourth-Grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Standards-Based Lunar Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourth-grade students' knowledge of observable moon phases and patterns of change, as well as conceptual understanding of the cause of moon phases, was investigated before and after special instruction. Pretest and post-test data for 48 students were used to address the research question related to observable moon phases and patterns of change.…

Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Atwood, Ronald K.; Christopher, John E.

2007-01-01

293

Report on On-Line Trial Test for Fourth-Grade Students -- May 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On-line trial testing for fourth-grade students was an exploratory study realized as a part of the project "Developing annual test of students' achievement in Nature & Society" realized by Institute for Education Quality and Evaluation. Main ideas of the study were to explore possibilities for on-line testing at national level in Serbia, and to…

Verbic, Srdjan; Tomic, Boris; Kartal, Vesna

2010-01-01

294

Working and Non-Working University Students: Anxiety, Depression, and Grade Point Average  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the differences between 110 working and non-working students in terms of mental health, academic achievement, and perceptions about student employment. Anxiety and depression were measured by the Beck Anxiety Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory-II. Academic achievement was measured by grade point average. Perceptions of…

Mounsey, Rebecca; Vandehey, Michael A.; Diekhoff, George M.

2013-01-01

295

A Case Study on the Local Organization of Two Mathematically Gifted Seventh-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the performance of two mathematically gifted Korean 7th-grade students in tasks involving local organization in geometry. The students understood the necessity of definitions and starting points in defining terms and organizing geometrical properties. They improved the clarity of their definitions and arranged the properties…

Yim, Jaehoon; Chong, Yeong Ok; Song, Sang Hun; Kwon, Seokil

2008-01-01

296

The Impact of Challenging Geometry and Measurement Units on the Achievement of Grade 2 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary goal of Project M[superscript 2] was to develop and field-test challenging geometry and measurement units for all K-2 students. This article reports on the achievement results for students in Grade 2 at 12 urban and suburban sites in 4 states using the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS) mathematics concepts subtest and an open-response…

Gavin, M. Katherine; Casa, Tutita M.; Adelson, Jill L.; Firmender, Janine M.

2013-01-01

297

The Risk of a Halo Bias as a Reason to Keep Students Anonymous during Grading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experts have advocated anonymous grading as a means of eliminating actual or perceived evaluator bias in subjective student assessment. The utility of anonymity in assessment rests on whether information derived from student identity can unduly influence evaluation. The halo effect provides a conceptual background for why a bias might occur. In…

Malouff, John M.; Emmerton, Ashley J.; Schutte, Nicola S.

2013-01-01

298

Effects of Summer Home Learning Packets on Student Achievement in Language Arts in the Middle Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Baltimore School and Family Connections Project is a collaborative effort to design comprehensive partnership programs and evaluate their results. This case study explores one school's efforts to involve middle-grades students and their families in learning activities at home during the summer break. Marginal students who worked on the home…

Epstein, Joyce L.; And Others

1996-01-01

299

Texas School Survey of Substance Use among Students: Grades 4-6, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet reports on the results of the 1998 Texas School Survey of Substance Use among Students: Grades 4-6. The statewide school survey monitors trends in substance use among public school students, identifies emerging problem areas, and serves as a basis of comparison for local school surveys which are conducted annually by various school…

Wallisch, Lynn S.; Liu, Liang Y.

300

Factors Influencing Mathematical Problem-Solving Achievement of Seventh Grade Turkish Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is known that there are many factors affecting students' problem-solving abilities. In this study, the influence of seventh-grade students' affective factors, their academic success, their gender and their families' educational levels on their problem-solving achievement was examined. To achieve this aim, a Problem-Solving Attitude Scale, a…

Guven, Bulent; Cabakcor, Buket Ozum

2013-01-01

301

Negotiating discourses: Sixth-grade students’ use of multiple science discourses during a science fair presentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study offers important insights into the coexistence of multiple discourses and the link between these discourses and science understanding. It offers concrete examples of students’ movement between multiple discourses in sixth-grade science fair presentations, and shows how those multiple discourses in science practices illuminate students’ understanding of science and offer insights into how they engage in the complex thinking

Kimberley Gomez

2007-01-01

302

Negotiating Discourses: Sixth-Grade Students' Use of Multiple Science Discourses during a Science Fair Presentation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study offers important insights into the coexistence of multiple discourses and the link between these discourses and science understanding. It offers concrete examples of students' movement between multiple discourses in sixth-grade science fair presentations, and shows how those multiple discourses in science practices illuminate students'…

Gomez, Kimberley

2007-01-01

303

Grade-12 Students' Misconceptions Relating to Fundamental Characteristics of Atoms and Molecules.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies misconceptions related to the fundamental characteristics of atoms and molecules held by twelfth-grade students. Data were obtained by administration of semistructured interviews to a stratified, random sample of 30 students. Fifty-two misconceptions were observed and reported. Some of the misconceptions identified parallel the…

Griffiths, Alan K.; Preston, Kirk R.

1992-01-01

304

The Effects of Task Demands and Additive Interspersal Ratios on Fifth-Grade Students' Mathematics Accuracy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assignments were altered to determine if interspersing additional briefer and easier mathematics problems enhanced students' accuracy on longer, more difficult target problems across two types of mathematics assignments. Students (N = 52) from three fifth-grade classes completed six math assignments incorporating two task demands and three…

Hawkins, James; Skinner, Christopher H.; Oliver, Renee

2005-01-01

305

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well students know the reading, writing, and mathematics content that all Arizona students at the sixth grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS DPA includes multiple-choice…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

306

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well the student knows the reading, writing , and mathematics content that all Arizona students at the third grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS includes multiple-choice…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

307

Urban Seventh Grade Students: A Report of Health Risk Behaviors and Exposure to Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The health of adolescents and the adults they will become can be linked to the health-related behaviors they adopt as children. To replicate a pilot study with a more culturally diverse population a descriptive, correlational study was undertaken with 379 seventh grade students. Key findings from this study include (a) students exposed or involved…

Dowdell, Elizabeth Burgess

2012-01-01

308

Grade Retention and Student Outcomes: Data from High School and Beyond.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Affective and academic outcomes of grade retention were studied using the High School and Beyond (HSB) data set--a large, nationally representative sample of students. More specifically, the study: compared the academic (achievement and educational attainment) and affective (educational aspirations) outcomes of retained and non-retained students,…

Marion, Scott F.; And Others

309

Should Athletic Training Educators Utilize Grades When Evaluating Student Clinical Performance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To explore and address some of the challenges for assessing, interpreting, and grading athletic training students' clinical performance and to suggest athletic training educators consider using a more universal assessment method for professional consistency. Background: In years past students learned from teachers or mentors on an…

Scriber, Kent; Gray, Courtney; Millspaugh, Rose

2010-01-01

310

Correlation of Social Science Students' Grade Outcome with Reading and Writing Scores.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted at College of the Sequoias (COS) to examine the entry-level reading and writing skills of students and their grade outcomes in the social science courses for which they were enrolled. The study sought to identify any predictors of students' eventual success/non-success in class. The study focused on the placement test scores…

Parrott, Marietta

311

Review of "The Misplaced Math Student: Lost in Eighth-Grade Algebra"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Brookings Institution report questions the efficacy of increasing the number of students who take algebra in eighth grade. Although this policy has resulted in more equitable access to advanced math study, the report argues that a subgroup of students enrolled lack the basic mathematical skills needed to succeed. The report further argues that…

Burris, Carol Corbett

2008-01-01

312

A Controlled Trial of a Physical Fitness Program for Fifth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relative effectiveness of a structured physical fitness program for fifth-grade students was compared with the effectiveness of the customary physical education activities. Students in the structured exercise program showed significant improvement in flexibility, strength, and endurance, and maintained gains during the summer. (Author/PP)

Duncan, Burris W.; And Others

1983-01-01

313

Special Environmental Education Project for Disadvantaged Gifted Primary Grade Students: 1980-81.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Outdoor Activity Center (Atlanta, Georgia) provides enriched experiences in a natural environment for economically disadvantaged gifted primary grade students and has developed materials incorporating creative activities used at the Center to expand the elementary science curriculum of the Atlanta Public Schools. Fifty-eight gifted students

Ballagas, Linda D.

314

Effects of Parenting and Home Environment on Student Achievement in Grades 3 to 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports preliminary findings of a 3-year study examining the ability of qualitative and quantitative measures of the home environment variables (HEV's) to contribute to the prediction of third- through fifth-grade students' achievement and growth scores in reading and mathematics. Data were obtained for 198 parent/student pairs from…

Olson, Craig C.

315

Guided Writing Lessons: Second-Grade Students' Development of Strategic Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes intra-individual change in strategic behavior of five second-grade students during three months of guided writing instruction for informational text. Data sources included sequential coding of writing behavior from videotaped writing events and analytic assessment of writing products. Students' development of self-scaffolding…

Gibson, Sharan A.

2008-01-01

316

The Long-Term Effects of Strategy-Focussed Writing Instruction for Grade Six Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We compared 56 eighth-grade students who, 28 months previously, had received instruction in strategies for planning and revising their writing, with 21 students of similar academic ability from the same school who had not experienced the intervention. Both groups wrote an expository essay whilst logging their writing activities and completed…

Fidalgo, Raquel; Torrance, Mark; Garcia, Jesus-Nicasio

2008-01-01

317

Description of Factors Related to the Grade Level Retention Rates of Elementary School African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the state of Georgia, African Americans represent 38% of the student population, yet they account for more than half of the grade level retentions each year (The Governor's Office of Student Achievement, 2009). The purpose of this study was to determine if relationships exist between the disproportionate retention rate of African American…

Linder, Rozlyn T.

2010-01-01

318

An Examination of the Earned Grade Distributions Between "Successful" and "Dropout" Students at Yakima Valley College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to determine whether significant differences exist between successful students and dropouts in terms of mean grade point averages (g.p.a.'s) in each college department, and to ascertain composite course evaluation patterns on an intra- and inter-divisional basis. The students involved in this study were the same as those who were…

Rice, Gary A.

319

A Study of Interventions and Strategies To Improve Attending Behaviors in First and Second Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This action research project describes an intervention to increase attending and on-task behaviors in first- and second-grade students. The problem of inattentive behaviors was documented by means of teacher, student, and parent surveys and teacher observations. The intervention used behavioral management, organizational strategies, role playing,…

Adams, Linda; LeNoac'h, Robin

320

State Test Score Trends through 2008-09, Part 3: Student Achievement at 8th Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past few decades, concerns have escalated about the quality of education in the U.S. for students in the middle grades. Children entering adolescence have unique educational, social, and emotional needs. How effectively the nation is educating these students has long been a topic of research and debate. This study by the Center on…

Chudowsky, Naomi; Chudowsky, Victor

2011-01-01

321

How Fifth-Grade Students Use Story Mapping to Aid Their Reading Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis examined the reading comprehension process of three fifth-grade students who demonstrated the ability to read and write fluently but had difficulties remembering and understanding important information about what they read. The aim of this research was to develop and implement an effective teaching strategy for low-achieving students

Weih, Timothy G.

2000-01-01

322

Content Area Literacy: Individualizing Student Instruction in Second-Grade Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes a second-grade science curriculum designed to individualize student instruction (ISI-Science) so that students, regardless of initial science and literacy skills, gain science knowledge and reading skills. ISI-Science relies on the 5-E Learning Cycle as a framework and incorporates flexible, homogeneous, literacy skills-based…

Connor, Carol McDonald; Kaya, Sibel; Luck, Melissa; Toste, Jessica R.; Canto, Angela; Rice, Diana; Tani, Novell; Underwood, Phyllis S.

2010-01-01

323

Students Using Handheld Computers to Learn Collaboratively in a First Grade Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ethnographic study investigated how first grade students used handheld computers to learn in collaboration with others throughout the learning process. This research focused specifically on how the use of handheld computers impacts students' learning outcomes and relates to technology standards. A qualitative methodology was used to capture…

Fritz, Megan Lynne

2005-01-01

324

43 CFR 6.8 - Foreign filing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of the Interior PATENT REGULATIONS Inventions by Employees § 6.8 Foreign filing...assign the domestic patent rights in the invention to the Government, or where it...otherwise to seek protection abroad on the invention. (2) The Government's...

2013-10-01

325

A la Carte Grading: Providing Students Opportunities to Determine their Own Paths to Success  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes the use of the mastery learning approach for two large enrollment introductory level courses. Students were required to complete a minimum number of assignments, and were then given the option to complete additional work that could be substituted for other completed assignments. In general, student perception of these grading systems was favorable; however, students did not seem to take full advantage of the available options because many did not choose to complete the additional assessments that could demonstrate further learning and be used to improve their course grade.

Thompson, James

326

Grade-12 Students' Misconceptions of Covalent Bonding and Structure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a multiple choice, pencil and paper, diagnostic instrument used to measure student understanding of covalent bonding and structure concepts. Reports evidence of seven commonly held misconceptions. (MVL)

Peterson, Raymond F.; Treagust, David F.

1989-01-01

327

The effects of interactive (TIPS) homework on family involvement and science achievement of middle grade students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of interactive and non-interactive science homework assignments on family involvement in homework, homework completion and accuracy, student science achievement, and student and parent attitudes about science. Most previous research on homework has examined what parental involvement results naturally, without prompts or instruction from teachers. In contrast, this study experimentally examined the effects of teacher prompts to parents for involvement in their children's homework. Two hundred and fifty-three students from 10 classes of sixth and eighth grade students participated in the study that lasted 18 weeks of the school year. Six classes of students completed the TIPS (Teachers Involve Parents In Schoolwork) interactive homework assignments, and four classes completed the non-interactive assignments that contained the same content and questions as the TIPS assignments. TIPS students received instructions to involve a parent or other family partner in certain sections of the homework assignment. ATIPS students received the same assignment with no instruction to involve another person. Results indicated that TIPS students more often involved parents in their science homework assignments than ATIPS students. However, TIPS science students reported no more parental involvement in homework than ATIPS students in subjects not assigning interactive homework. Therefore, the TIPS instructions elicited more parental involvement in homework than the ATIPS assignments. TIPS students did not differ from ATIPS students in the percent of homework returned or accuracy. Students who rated the homework more positively and involved families regularly returned more homework assignments than students who did not do so. TIPS students did earn significantly higher science report card grades than ATIPS students after controlling for background variables, teacher effects, and percent of homework returned. Exploratory analyses of matched student and parent data suggest the importance of both student and parent data in research of interactive homework. The results of the study indicate the benefits of well-designed interactive homework for levels of family involvement, science attitudes, and science achievement.

van Voorhis, Frances Landis

328

The association between academic achievement and health status among eighth-grade Hispanic students in Houston  

Microsoft Academic Search

This cross-sectional study examines the association between health and academic achievement among Hispanic eighth-grade students in the Houston Independent School District. As part of the district's 3 year Safe Schools\\/Healthy Students Initiative to enhance comprehensive educational programs, a brief anonymous questionnaire was administered in the classroom to 359 students in two schools during a one-month period in the early part

Barbara Joan Low

2001-01-01

329

Perfectionism, Implicit Theories of Intelligence, and Taiwanese Eighth-Grade Students’ Academic Engagement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors attempted to examine how Taiwanese junior high school students’ perfectionistic tendencies and implicit theories of intelligence were related to their academic emotions and approach versus avoidance self-regulation, and to determine differences in contingent self-worth, emotions, and self-regulation among students with different subtypes of perfectionism. A total of 481 8th-grade Taiwanese students completed a self-reported survey assessing their perfectionistic

Shu-Shen Shih

2011-01-01

330

End of Course Grades and Standardized Test Scores: Are Grades Predictive of Student Achievement?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extent to which end-of-course grades are predictive of Virginia Standards of Learning test scores in nine high school content areas. It also analyzed the impact of the variables school cluster attended, gender, ethnicity, disability status, Limited English Proficiency status, and socioeconomic status on the relationship…

Ricketts, Christine R.

2010-01-01

331

Career Awareness and Exploration. Ninth Grade Students Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide contains a 4-week course designed to address the problems students face in making career or job choices and selecting the appropriate high school courses to give them the necessary skills to achieve their career goal. It contains materials for teachers to use in doing the following: assist students in self-assessment, expand…

Tennessee State Dept. of Employment Security, Nashville.

332

Developing Addition and Regrouping Competence among Second Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using the concrete-representational-abstract (CRA) teaching sequence with integrated strategy instruction for developing addition with regrouping competence among students with learning difficulties in mathematics. A total of 16 lessons were provided to 24 students during a six-week…

Miller, Susan P.; Kaffar, Bradley J.

2011-01-01

333

Classroom Breakfast: Helping Maryland Students Make the Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Fall 1998, the Maryland State Department of Education and six local school systems started a pilot program to evaluate the impact of serving breakfast to students in the classroom as part of the school day. Students in participating schools have an opportunity to eat breakfast in their classroom each day at no charge, regardless of family…

Terry, Sheila G.; Kerry, Kimberly

334

Medicine Use among Warsaw Ninth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: This study examined the prevalence of medicine use for headache, stomachache, difficulties in getting to sleep, nervousness, depression and lack of energy among 15- to 16-year-old students; the relationship between medicine use and students' health status; and the relationship between medicine and nicotine, illegal drug, and alcohol use.…

Pisarska, Agnieszka; Ostaszewski, Krzysztof

2011-01-01

335

Academic Freedom and Student Grading in Greek Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of who has the final say on academic standards (grading), academics or managers, has hitherto not arisen in Greece. Professors entitled to research, to teach and to inquire is a freedom expressed by the Greek Constitution. This article presents a contemporary view and raises concerns about the future and the longevity of academic freedom…

Papadimitriou, Antigoni

2011-01-01

336

Advising Students about Required Grade-Point Averages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sophomores interested in professional colleges with grade-point average (GPA) standards for admission to upper division courses will need specific and realistic information concerning the requirements. Specifically, those who fall short of the standard must assess the likelihood of achieving the necessary GPA for professional program admission.…

Moore, W. Kent

2006-01-01

337

The Effect of Seat Location on Exam Grades and Student Perceptions in an Introductory Biology Class  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The effect of seat location on learning has received surprisingly little attention in education literature (Weinstein 1979). Classroom experience and education literature suggest that students who sit in the front of a lecture hall are more likely to get As than students in the back (Benedict and Hoag 2004; Holliman and Anderson 1986; Pedersen 1994). The explanation may seem obvious--front-row students get better grades because they are better students. An experiment shows that sitting in the back of a lecture hall rather than the front does not have a detrimental effect on student performance on exams.

Taper, Mark L.; Kalinowki, Steven

2007-01-01

338

Examining the Silence of Academic Disappointment: A Typology of Students' Reasons for Not Discussing Disappointing Grades with Instructors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although student-teacher interactions about disappointing grades can be beneficial, students do not always engage in them. The objective of this study was to explore the domain of reasons undergraduate students report for not discussing disappointing grades with their instructors. The data analysis yielded six main categories of reasons:…

Wright, Courtney N.

2013-01-01

339

A study of the relationship between reflective writing and critical thinking in seventh grade integrated science students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the role of reflective journal writing on the development of critical thinking in seventh grade integrated science students. The students participating in this study were part of four science classes taught by the same instructor, using the same curriculum and methods employed during this study. The larger working group consisted of 69 seventh grade students who were

Mark Adam Rowicki

2001-01-01

340

A comparison of concrete and formal science instruction upon science achievement and reasoning ability of sixth grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several recent studies suggest concrete learners make greater gains in student achievement and in cognitive development when receiving concrete instruction than when receiving formal instruction. This study examined the effect of concrete and formal instruction upon reasoning and science achievement of sixth grade students. Four intact classes of sixth grade students were randomly selected into two treatment groups; concrete and

Walter L. Saunders; Daniel Shepardson

1987-01-01

341

The Relationship between Measures of Vocabulary and Narrative Writing Quality in Second- and Fourth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between measures of written vocabulary and writing quality. Participants included 92 second-grade students and 101 fourth-grade students. Students completed two writing samples: one an experimenter-developed writing task and the other, a standardized assessment of writing quality. Research…

Olinghouse, Natalie G.; Leaird, Jacqueline T.

2009-01-01

342

Grade 6 French Immersion Students' Performance on Large-Scale Reading, Writing, and Mathematics Tests: Building Explanations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of Ontario standardized-test scores indicates that French-immersion students, who had lagged behind regular English-program students in grade 3, had comparable or higher achievement scores in reading, writing, and mathematics by grade 6. Little support was found for possible explanations involving selective attrition of weaker students

Turnbull, Miles; Hart, Doug; Lapkin, Sharon

2003-01-01

343

Technical Adequacy of Early Numeracy Curriculum-Based Progress Monitoring Measures for Kindergarten and First-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine six early numeracy measures used to monitor the mathematics progress of kindergarten and first-grade students. Seventy-one kindergarten students and 75 first-grade students were administered the measures each week. Delayed-alternate form reliability was adequate for instructional decision making on some…

Hampton, David D.; Lembke, Erica S.; Lee, Young-Sun; Pappas, Sandra; Chiong, Cynthia; Ginsburg, Herbert P.

2012-01-01

344

Building and Aggregating Evaluations: The Example of Grading Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In chapter 2, we tried to show that “voting”, although being a familiar activity to almost everyone, raises many important\\u000a and difficult questions that are closely connected to the subject of this book. Our main objective in this chapter is similar.\\u000a We all share the — more or less pleasant — experience of having received “grades” in order to evaluate

Denis Bouyssou; Thierry Marchant; Marc Pirlot; Patrice Perny; Alexis Tsoukiàs; Philippe Vincke

345

AN ANALYSIS OF CERTAIN ASPECTS OF THE VERBAL BEHAVIOR OF STUDENT TEACHERS OF EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS PARTICIPATING IN A BSCS LABORATORY BLOCK.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE VERBAL BEHAVIOR OF STUDENT TEACHERS AND THE ACHIEVEMENT AND SELECTED ATTITUDES OF EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS. TEN STUDENT TEACHERS PARTICIPATED IN A WORKSHOP DESIGNED TO PREPARE THE STUDENT TEACHERS TO TEACH SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY. THE STUDENT TEACHERS WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR TEACHING A…

LASHIER, WILLIAM STANLEY

346

The effect of instruction on burn prevention in eighth-grade students in preparation for babysitting.  

PubMed

New parents quickly discover that the greatest resource for child care at the least cost are teenage babysitters. These sitters assume the responsibility for burn prevention of young children. This study tested the effect of a burn prevention presentation on pre- and posttest scores of eighth-grade students (N = 119) from five sections of a science class. Students were between the ages of 12 and 14 years and 99 of them (83.2%) were babysitters. Multiple analysis of variance was calculated, and differences were seen between information regarding burns from hot bath water, cigarette lighters, and baby bottles that were heated in microwave ovens; however, the differences were not significant. This study concluded that eighth-grade students learned burn prevention before they entered the eighth grade but that there is a need to update these babysitters on burn prevention and new hazards such as cigarette lighters and microwave ovens. PMID:1429823

Thompson, R; Summers, S; Rampey-Dobbs, R; Mani, M M; Hiebert, J H; Schneider, S

1992-01-01

347

Exploring how experience with planning impacts first grade students' planning and solutions to engineering design problems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation presents research that investigated how first grade students' ability to construct solutions and to plan through drawing for engineering design problems is related to their participation in a LEGO-based engineering curriculum with two variations on the instruction for planning. The quasi-experimental design engaged two first grade classrooms in an urban K-6 Science and Technology elementary school outside of Boston, MA in a set of activities that asked students to construct solutions to engineering design problems inspired by the story of Goldilocks and the Three Bears. The planning classroom was provided with instructions on how to plan and students were required to plan through drawing prior to constructing their solution to engineering design problems. Students in the spontaneous classroom were not given instruction in planning and were allowed immediate access to materials to construct their solution. Students' drawings and constructed artifacts for engineering design problems during pre and post assessments as well as during the classroom were collected. The analysis of the classroom data found that students were able to successfully construct solutions to engineering design problems with increasingly number of requirements. Pre and post comparisons of students' performance on problems with materials they had had extensive experience with (LEGO) and craft materials (non-LEGO) found that students only made gains in constructing solutions to engineering design problems with materials they had prior experience with. The planning intervention appeared to have no relationship with students' ability to construct solutions that addressed requirements that were clearly presented to the students. However, there may be a relationship with less obvious requirements regarding aesthetics (as measured by symmetry of the artifacts) and material selection. In general, the findings suggest that planning through drawing may help students preserve their ideas but that first grade students do not use drawings for planning in the same manner as adults do. Implications for engineering education for early elementary are also discussed.

Portsmore, Merredith D.

348

Perceptions and attitudes with respect to drug use among grades 4 to 6 students: 1992.  

PubMed

Over 2,600 students in Grades 4 to 6 participated, over a 1-year period ending June 30, 1992, in a survey to determine perceptions and attitudes of drug use. While the majority of students did not use drugs, the survey revealed some interesting perceptions. Not all students were aware drugs could be harmful to their health. They indicated using drugs makes you look older, feel good, and get attention. Some felt drugs might be used to be like their friends. This age group of students are obviously very aware of the "drug scene." It is imperative that education start at a very young age. PMID:8144277

Porter-Serviss, S; Opheim, E E; Hindmarsh, K W

1994-01-01

349

Nebraska Science Standards: Grades K-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents the Nebraska Science Standards for Grades K-12. The standards are presented according to the following grades: (1) Grades K-2; (2) Grades 3-5; (3) Grades 6-8; and (4) Grades 9-12.

Nebraska Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

350

Grading Teachers, Grading Schools. Is Student Achievement a Valid Evaluation Measure?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 24 chapters of this collection discuss contemporary approaches to using student learning gains to evaluating teachers or schools. The four methods considered are: (1) the Oregon Teacher Work Sample Methodology (chapters 2 through 6); (2) the Dallas Value-Added Accountability System (Texas) (chapters 7 through 11); (3) the Tennessee Value-Added…

Millman, Jason, Ed.

351

Development and evaluation of a computer program to grade student performance on peripheral blood smears  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today's medical laboratories are dealing with cost containment health care policies and unfilled laboratory positions. Because there may be fewer experienced clinical laboratory scientists, students graduating from clinical laboratory science (CLS) programs are expected by their employers to perform accurately in entry-level positions with minimal training. Information in the CLS field is increasing at a dramatic rate, and instructors are expected to teach more content in the same amount of time with the same resources. With this increase in teaching obligations, instructors could use a tool to facilitate grading. The research question was, "Can computer-assisted assessment evaluate students in an accurate and time efficient way?" A computer program was developed to assess CLS students' ability to evaluate peripheral blood smears. Automated grading permits students to get results quicker and allows the laboratory instructor to devote less time to grading. This computer program could improve instruction by providing more time to students and instructors for other activities. To be valuable, the program should provide the same quality of grading as the instructor. These benefits must outweigh potential problems such as the time necessary to develop and maintain the program, monitoring of student progress by the instructor, and the financial cost of the computer software and hardware. In this study, surveys of students and an interview with the laboratory instructor were performed to provide a formative evaluation of the computer program. In addition, the grading accuracy of the computer program was examined. These results will be used to improve the program for use in future courses.

Lehman, Donald Clifford

352

Using Multiple Representations to Promote Grade 11 Students' Scientific Understanding of the Particle Theory of Matter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study explored two groups of Grade 11 (age 16-17) students' conceptual understandings about aspects of particle theory before, immediately after, and 3 months after instruction with multiple representations (IMR) and instruction with verbal representations (IVR). Data sources included open-ended questionnaires, interviews, and student artifacts. The data were analyzed using statistical and descriptive methods to compare the extent of change and persistence in the IMR and IVR students' conceptual understandings of particle theory. The results indicated that the students held similar, but poor understandings of particle theory prior to any instruction. After instruction, the IMR students outperformed the IVR students in terms of developing scientific understandings about each aspect of particle theory and maintaining such understandings over a period of time. The results demonstrated that carefully designed instruction using multiple representations can be very efficacious in promoting and maintaining students' scientific understanding.

Adadan, Emine

2013-06-01

353

Making the Grade: Stress and Business Student Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a study designed to identify and describe the component patterns of behavior measured by the Forbes Stress Scale. Relates each component pattern to various student characteristics, classroom performance, university achievement, and satisfaction scores. Discusses a field test of a classroom method designed to minimize distress while…

Bayley, Gerald A.

1984-01-01

354

The Erroneous Derivative Examples of Eleventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The derivative is not only an important subject for mathematics but also is an important subject for engineering, physics, economy, chemistry, and statistics. Especially, mathematics depends on strongly preceding learning and the subject of derivative will be used in university education by all students. Therefore, it is one of the most important…

Gur, Hulya; Barak, Basak

2007-01-01

355

Law Enforcement Education in the Middle Grades: Police Student Relations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet describes the Police/Student Relations (PSR) project, which is a new approach to delinquency prevention. The method which is outlined used parts of familiar program plans, but takes advantage of natural abilities and characteristics which allow children to continue functioning in a healthy way, changing their attitudes before they…

McDonald, Phyllis P.

356

Reading Comprehension, Learning Styles, and Seventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading is a basic life skill. Unfortunately, in 2007, only 29% of all eighth graders were able to comprehend at or above a proficient reading comprehension level. Sensory learning styles (kinesthetic, tactile, auditory, and visual) affect the way that students prefer to learn and the areas in which they will have difficulty learning. This study…

Williams, Judy

2010-01-01

357

Nontraditional Students, Accelerated Programs, Grade Expectations, and Instructor Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is intended as both a cautionary tale and an encouraging guide for instructors who are beginning to teach in accelerated programs designed to attract nontraditional students. This article is based, in part, on classroom action research conducted through surveys, observations, exams, and assessments, in an introductory business law…

Gershuny, Pamela; Rainey, Carolyn

2006-01-01

358

LGBTQA Students on Campus: Is Higher Education Making the Grade?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As D'Augelli and Grossman note "educational researchers have overlooked the development of sexual orientation among adolescents and youth." Certainly, those working in higher education have, in many cases, overlooked lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and ally (LGBTQA) students' needs and not provided sufficient resources to address their…

Rankin, Susan R.

2006-01-01

359

Sequencing and Graphic Novels with Primary-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss the burgeoning number of graphic novels being published for young readers (approximately PK-3) and suggest a new term for identifying this format and audience: primary graphic novels (PGNs), for primary level students. They go on to describe a series of lessons they conducted with a class of 1st and 2nd graders to capitalize on…

Chase, Maggie; Son, Eun Hye; Steiner, Stan

2014-01-01

360

Introduction to Marketing for 9th Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to enable students to develop knowledge of personal strengths and weaknesses and to be able to understand the relationship of these characteristics to educational and vocational choices, this guide presents an introductory program on vocations using a thematic interdisciplinary approach to career awareness. It is suggested that the…

Krotosky, Paul; Johnson, Jeannie G.

361

Effects of a health-promotion programme in sixth grade German students' physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to assess the effects of a school-based health-promotion programme in physical education (PE) on sixth grade German students' motor performance, BMI and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). In a quasi-experimental design, 516 students (54.7% girls) were assigned to either the intervention group (IG) that received eight 90-minute health-promoting PE lessons or the control group

Oliver Höner; Yolanda Demetriou

2012-01-01

362

Evaluation of a peaceful conflict resolution and violence prevention curriculum for sixth-grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To evaluate a Social Cognitive Theory–based violence prevention curriculum among sixth-grade students.Methods: The evaluation was conducted using a quasi-experimental pretest–posttest control group design. Students were pretested 2 weeks before the intervention started and were posttested 2 weeks after it ended. The study was conducted in four middle schools serving children and adolescents living in or around public housing in

Robert H DuRant; Shari Barkin; Daniel P Krowchuk

2001-01-01

363

Students' Attitudes Toward Chemistry Lessons: The Interaction Effect between Grade Level and Gender  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the interaction effect between grade level and gender with respect to students' attitudes toward chemistry lessons taught in secondary schools. The sample consisted of 954 chemistry students in grades Secondary 4-7 (approximately 16-19 years of age) in Hong Kong. Students' attitudes were surveyed using an attitude toward chemistry lessons scale (ATCLS), and subscale scores were produced on four dimensions: liking for chemistry theory lessons; liking for chemistry laboratory work; evaluative beliefs about school chemistry; and behavioral tendencies to learn chemistry. When the ATCLS data were subjected to two-way MANOVA, the interaction effect between grade level and gender on students' attitudes toward chemistry lessons was statistically significant. The interaction effect was attributable to scores on the theory lessons subscale and laboratory work subscale. Male students in Secondary 4 and 5 liked chemistry theory lessons more than their female counterparts. However, male students' liking for chemistry laboratory work declined when they progressed from Secondary 4 to Secondary 7; no such a significant decline in attitude toward chemistry laboratory work was found in females. Overall, both males and females were just marginally positive about chemistry lessons during the years of secondary schooling. Implications of these findings for curriculum design are discussed.

Cheung, Derek

2009-01-01

364

Retention of Hispanic/Latino students in first grade: Child, parent, teacher, school, and peer predictors.  

PubMed

A sample of 283 Hispanic children with literacy performance at entrance to first grade below the median for their school district was studied as part of a larger research project on the predictors of grade retention in grade 1. Following retention decisions, 51 Hispanic students were retained in first grade. Low literacy skills, being young at entrance to first grade, low ego resilience, low support in the teacher-student relationship, and parents' low sense of responsibility for their children's educational outcomes predicted retention decisions. Hierarchical logistics regression investigated the contribution of six categories of variables (academic competencies; socio-demographic characteristics; social, emotional, and behavioral adjustment; resiliency, school context; and home environment) to retention. Controlling for literacy, only being young for grade and parents' low sense of responsibility for their children's adjustment to school made a direct contribution to retention. Early literacy skills were higher for children enrolled in bilingual classrooms than for children in non-bilingual classrooms. Implications for educational policy are discussed. PMID:20419036

Willson, Victor L; Hughes, Jan N

2006-02-01

365

Physics Matters, 1st Edition, with Student Access Card eGrade Plus 1 Term Set  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Written by authors who have vast experience in communicating science to general audiences, Physics Matters conveys the principles of physics in a manner that is understandable to non-majors. In a prose style that is clear, engaging, and contemporary, it pays particular attention to the relevance of physics in comprehending our modern technological society and the issues created by those technologies. It offers a broad, relatively non-mathematical, and highly readable survey of all the standard topics in physics. Before you buy, make sure you are getting the best value and all the learning tools you'll need to succeed in your course. If your professor requires eGrade Plus, you can purchase it now at no additional cost! With this special eGrade Plus package you get the new text--no highlighting, no missing pages, no food stains--an activity book with class activities, self study and homework assignments, as well as a registration code to eGrade Plus, a suite of effective learning tools to help you get a better grade. eGrade Plus gives you: A complete online version of the textbook Video experiments Student web projects Self assessment tests Homework questions with links to the relevant section of the online book eGrade Plus is a powerful online tool that provides students with an integrated suite of teaching and learning resources and an online version of the text in one easy-to-use website.

Trefil, James

2004-04-01

366

ENERGY, A SCIENCE UNIT FOR THE UPPER ELEMENTARY GRADES, STUDENT MANUAL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

PREPARED UNDER THE SPONSORSHIP OF THE SCIENCE CURRICULUM IMPROVEMENT STUDY, THIS TRIAL EDITION OF A STUDENT MANUAL FOR A UNIT ON ENERGY IS INTENDED FOR USE AT THE FIFTH AND SIXTH GRADE LEVELS. IT IS DESIGNED ESSENTIALLY AROUND PUPIL-CENTERED ACTIVITIES WHICH REQUIRE BOTH QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE OBSERVATIONS. THE ACTIVITIES IN PART I INVOLVE…

DAVIS, JOSEPH; AND OTHERS

367

The Effect of Book Blogging on the Motivation of 3rd-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Web 2.0 technology was implemented during reading instruction in one 3rd-grade classroom in suburban southeastern Pennsylvania. Trained preservice teachers provided feedback to students via the World Wide Web to enhance their performance and social connections. Motivation scores were measured before and after the intervention was implemented. A…

Swanson, Kristen N.; Legutko, Robert S.

2008-01-01

368

Intercultural and Religious Sensitivity of Finnish Lutheran 7 th - 9th Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presented a 29-item Intercultural and Religious Sensitivity Scale Questionnaire (IRSSQ) that is based on the Bennett's (1993) Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS). Psychometric properties of the IRSS were tested with an empirical sample of 249 seventh, eighth and ninth grade students of the Finnish comp rehensive school attending Lutheran religious education. Two research questions were examined: 1)

Kristiina Holm; Petri Nokelainen; Kirsi Tirri

369

Gender Differences in Canadian Grade 11 Students' Interactions with Computers: Results of a National Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A nationwide survey of over 3,000 grade 11 students (approximately equal numbers of males and females) representing major urban areas in all ten provinces was undertaken to obtain baseline data on access to and usage of computers in each of three categories--recreational, nonrecreational home usage, and school--and to test a "manifold model" of…

Collis, Betty; And Others

370

Examining Student Engagement and Authority: Developing Learning Relationships in the Middle Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fostering engaged learning for middle grades students is a significant challenge for teachers everywhere, and in some jurisdictions, it has even become a government priority. As one might expect, this policy has raised broader questions about what teachers' actually mean when they talk about engagement and whether or not these criteria are, in…

Dooner, Anne-Marie; Mandzuk, David; Obendoerfer, Peter; Babiuk, Gary; Cerqueira-Vassallo, Gina; Force, Verland; Vermette, Michelle; Roy, Darren

2010-01-01

371

Fourth-Grade Students' Motivational Changes in an Elementary Physical Education Running Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Achievement goal theory and the expectancy-value model of achievement choice were used to examine fourth-grade students' motivational changes in an elementary physical education running program. In fall and spring of the school year, participants (N = 113; 66 boys, 47 girls) completed questionnaires assessing achievement goals, expectancy beliefs,…

Xiang, Ping; McBride, Ron E.; Bruene, April

2006-01-01

372

Accelerated Mathematics and High-Ability Students' Math Achievement in Grades Three and Four  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the use of a computer-managed integrated learning system entitled Accelerated Math (AM) as a supplement to traditional mathematics instruction on achievement as measured by TerraNova achievement tests of third and fourth grade high-ability students. Gender, socioeconomic status, and…

Stanley, Ashley M.

2011-01-01

373

Relationships Among Grade Point Average, Vocabulary, Reading Comprehension, and Reading Rate of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relationships among grade point averages and reading test scores were sought in an effort to learn whether successful students are characterized by good vocabularies, understanding, and rapid reading. Seniors within a few weeks of graduation and obtaining their elementary teaching certificates were given the Nelson-Denny Reading Test. Pearson's…

Mutchler, Virginia

374

A Comparative Analysis of Preschool Attendance and Reading Achievement among Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preschool attendance is considered an important factor for predicting later success in literacy achievement. This quantitative ex-post facto study examined whether attendance of public prekindergarten is related to improved reading achievement in 2nd grade students in a rural, southeastern school district. The learning theories of Piaget, Bandura,…

Burton, Kelly Latham

2011-01-01

375

Gender Differences in Written Expression Curriculum-Based Measurement in Third- through Eighth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many studies have found gender differences in certain areas of academic achievement, such as reading and math. Fewer studies have examined gender disparities in writing skills. The current study explored gender differences in written expression performance. Participants were 1,240 male and female students in third through eighth grade,…

Fearrington, Jamie Y.; Parker, Patricia D.; Kidder-Ashley, Pamela; Gagnon, Sandra G.; McCane-Bowling, Sara; Sorrell, Christy A.

2014-01-01

376

Examining Reliability of Reading Comprehension Ratings of Fifth Grade Students' Oral Retellings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to rate oral retellings of fifth graders to determine how passages, raters, and rating occasions affect those ratings, and to identify what combination of those elements produce reliable retelling ratings. A group of 36 fifth grade students read and orally retold three contemporary realistic fiction passages. Two…

Bernfeld, L. Elizabeth Shirley; Morrison, Timothy G.; Sudweeks, Richard R.; Wilcox, Brad

2013-01-01

377

Relationship between Metacognitive Strategy Instruction and Reading Comprehension in At-Risk Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spite of efforts to achieve the reading proficiency requirements mandated by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, students' inability to comprehend text and meet grade level standards on state and national assessments continues to be problematic. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of explicit direct instruction of…

Diebold, Tamara W.

2011-01-01

378

Stop Tobacco in Restaurants: Fifth-Grade Students STIR City Hall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It all started with a night of bowling in Austin, Texas, when fifth-grade student Amit had an evening of fun with his grandparents. When Amit returned to his home in Lubbock, TX, and tried to replicate his newfound recreation, his night of bowling fun ended after 10 minutes in an asthma attack. His second attempt at Lubbock bowling also brought a…

Gifted Child Today, 2004

2004-01-01

379

Using Literature Circles to Increase Reading Comprehension in Third Grade Elementary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading comprehension strategies are important skills for a child to learn. Good strategies support struggling students to be more successful in all subjects at school as reading is the basis for subsequent mastery of most subjects (Bender & Larkin, 2003). This action research project examined the use of literature circles in a third grade class.…

Briggs, Shawna R.

2010-01-01

380

Fifth Grade Students' Experiences Participating in Active Gaming in Physical Education: The Persistence to Game  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although video games are often associated with sedentary behaviors, active gaming is a new genre that requires children to become physically active while playing the games. In this study six fifth grade students' experiences participating in active gaming in eight-week physical education classes were explored. Qualitative methods of interviews,…

Hansen, Lisa; Sanders, Steve

2010-01-01

381

Science Sampler: Node graph visualizations for eighth-grade mathematics students using a virus transmission simulation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Because eighth-grade curriculum standards focus in part on systems analysis and graphing, a lesson was created to enhance students' analytical skills with the introduction of a type of graph, the node graph, which can be used to represent the interconnectedness of system components. This lesson is rooted in understanding real-world concepts regarding the transmission of infectious agents throughout a population.

Santone, Adam L.; Mccutcheon, Jennifer A.

2008-07-01

382

Student Groupings and Instructional Strategies of Kindergarten and First-Grade Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined were differences between 36 Tennessee kindergarten and first-grade teachers' us of student groupings and instructional time. Teachers were observed twice at the beginning of the school year and once again approximately 8 weeks later. Eight observers collected data using the Stallings Observation Instrument, a measure consisting of: (1) a…

Lawler, S. Dianne

383

The Relationship between Peer Tutoring and Disruptive Behavior of Second Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to assess the effectiveness of peer tutoring in reducing the frequency of disruptive behavior among students, a second grade class was taught with two alternating methods, direct instruction and peer tutoring. Nine types of disruptive behaviors were recorded during each of the two instructional treatments: out-of-seat behavior,…

Winder, Linda; And Others

384

Many Ivy League Students Admit Using ADHD Drugs for Better Grades  

MedlinePLUS

... enable JavaScript. Many Ivy League Students Admit Using ADHD Drugs for Better Grades: Study 18 percent surveyed ... 2014) Friday, May 2, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder College Health Prescription Drug Abuse FRIDAY, May 2, ...

385

The Emergent Charter School Model for Ninth Grade Mildly Disabled United States Students: Extending to Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An ethnographic, descriptive research methodology was used to explore the service delivery of three U.S. charter schools (one independent and two dependent secondary public charter schools) in Southern New England, United States as they relate to grade nine mildly disabled special needs students. Field research was also conducted in Costa Rica and…

Vincent, Emmanuel Teah

2009-01-01

386

The "School Safety & Security Questionnaire": Middle Grades Students' Perceptions of Safety at School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents the development and basic psychometric characteristics of the "School Safety and Security Questionnaire" (SSSQ). This new measure was constructed to assess middle grade students' perceptions of safety and security during the school year. The content validity of the theoretically-based instrument was assessed and the measure was…

Miller, Janice Williams; Nickell, Linda K.

2008-01-01

387

The Identification and Encouragement of Mathematical Creativity in First Grade Students, (Part 3).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is research involving the development and testing of a program designed to encourage individual creative mathematical activity in first grade students. Initially, some characteristics of the creative process and creative thinking were examined and six criteria describing certain aspects of mathematical creativity were identified and…

Meyer, Rochelle Wilson

388

An Investigation of Learning Styles Influencing Mathematics Achievement of Seventh-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to investigate the effect of learning styles, as well as compare the effect of two different variable structure models of learning styles on factors influencing mathematics achievement. The research sample was made up of 508 seventh-grade students. The findings were that the model including learning styles as factors influencing…

Sriphai, Sunan; Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Sakulku, Jaruwan

2011-01-01

389

Measuring Teachers' Contributions to Student Learning Growth for Nontested Grades and Subjects. Research & Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing need for more information about measuring teachers' contributions to student learning growth, particularly in nontested subjects and grades, is the impetus for this Research & Policy Brief. Although the research base in this area is disappointingly limited, the brief includes considerations and suggestions based on current models and…

Goe, Laura; Holdheide, Lynn

2011-01-01

390

Contributions of Middle Grade Students to the Validation Process of a National Science Assessment Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used a national validity project to investigate specific research questions regarding the intersections among aspects of validity, educational measurement, and cognitive theory. Validity evidence was collected through traditional paper and pencil tests, surveys, think-alouds, and exit interviews of fifth and sixth grade students, as…

Morell, Linda

2008-01-01

391

The Relationships among Language Ability, Emotion Regulation and Social Competence in Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relationships exist between language ability, emotion regulation, and social competence in preschool children. This study examines how these relationships function in elementary school children, and explores whether language ability partially mediates the relationship between emotion regulation and social competence. Second-grade students (N = 67)…

Monopoli, W. John; Kingston, Sharon

2012-01-01

392

Exploring How Experience with Planning Impacts First Grade Students' Planning and Solutions to Engineering Design Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation presents research that investigated how first grade students' ability to construct solutions and to plan through drawing for engineering design problems is related to their participation in a LEGO-based engineering curriculum with two variations on the instruction for planning. The quasi-experimental design engaged two first…

Portsmore, Merredith D.

2010-01-01

393

Impact of Attending Jump Start Literacy Camp on Reading Achievement among Third and Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Jump Start Literacy Camp was developed as a means to combat summer learning loss. The camp utilized high-energy activities to target phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency, and comprehension. This study examined the effects of the Jump Start Literacy Camp on reading achievement for rising third and fourth grade students in an urban…

Padgett, Carrie B.

2010-01-01

394

The Impact of Grading Standards on Student Achievement, Educational Attainment, and Entry-Level Earnings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the High School and Beyond survey, estimates the effects of grading standards on student achievement, educational attainment, and entry-level earnings. Finds that higher standards raise test scores throughout the distribution of achievement, but have no positive effect on educational attainment--in fact have negative effects on…

Betts, Julian R.; Grogger, Jeff

2003-01-01

395

Family Influence: Key to Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among Fourth- and Fifth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess social and familial environmental influences on fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption of fourth- and fifth-graders living in a culturally diverse, urban setting. Design: In 2006, students from 9 fourth- and fifth-grade classrooms from a public school in the Washington-Baltimore Metropolitan Region were recruited as part of the…

Gross, Susan M.; Pollock, Elizabeth Davenport; Braun, Bonnie

2010-01-01

396

Increasing English Language Skills for Fourth and Fifth Grade ESOL Students through Television Ads and Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A practicum was undertaken to improve second language acquisition and critical thinking skills in a fourth and fifth grade English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) class in a Spanish-speaking low socioeconomic neighborhood. Students there were not exposed to English except during school hours, and they were taking 4 or 5 years to become…

Stephens, Ofelia

397

Attitudes of Students in Grades Six, Eight, and Twelve Toward Television Commercials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 20 item television commercial attitude survey given to 232 6th, 8th, and 12th grade students tested the hypotheses that: 1) younger children are more influenced by commercials than are older children; 2) that children are more apt to buy products which exert peer pressure upon them; and 3) that children are more susceptible to commercials which…

Baumer, Larry; Starkey, John

398

Improving Fifth Grade Students' Mathematics Self-Efficacy Calibration and Performance through Self-Regulation Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This primary goal of this study was to investigate the effects of strategy training and self-reflection, two subprocesses of Zimmerman's cyclical model of self-regulation, on fifth grade students' mathematics performance, self-efficacy, self-evaluation, and calibration measures of self-efficacy bias, self-efficacy accuracy, self-evaluation bias,…

Ramdass, Darshanand H.

2009-01-01

399

The Impact of Discovery Learning in Writing Instruction on Fifth-Grade Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem is that 5th-grade students are not achieving sufficient writing scores on Georgia state-mandated writing assessments, which the researcher hypothesized was due to the teacher-directed instructional approach utilized at the school. The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to determine whether discovery learning, a method based on the…

Treadwell, Julie Wilson

2010-01-01

400

Factors Mediating the Effect of Gender on Ninth-Grade Turkish Students' Misconceptions Concerning Electric Circuits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to identify and analyze possible factors that mediate the effect of gender on ninth-grade Turkish students' misconceptions concerning electric circuits. A Simple Electric Circuit Concept Test (SECCT), including items with both practical and theoretical contexts, and an Interest-Experience Questionnaire about Electricity…

Sencar, Selen; Eryilmaz, Ali

2004-01-01

401

Effects of Integrating Multimedia into the Third Grade Mathematics Curriculum to Improve Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project was designed to test Mayer's multimedia theory in an elementary school to improve students' mathematics learning for low-income children. The study designed and developed two multimedia mathematics experiments in 3rd grade: 9's multiplication experiment and geometric solids experiment. The two experimental lessons were implemented in…

Liu, Yuliang

2012-01-01

402

The Effect of Geometry Teaching with Cabri to Learning Levels of Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the study Cabri was used for teaching geometry at 4th grade. To investigate students' geometry level, a semi-experimental method was used. In the test group, geometry subjects are taught using Cabri. A multiple choice test was used to collect data as pre and post test. Answers were assigned as 1 to correct, 0 to wrong answers. Data were…

Tutak, Tayfun; Turkdogan, Ali; Birgin, Osman

2009-01-01

403

Precursors of Gang Involvement among Ninth Grade Students: A Longitudinal Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relative influence of peer and parenting behavior on changes in adolescent gang involvement and gang-related delinquency. An ethnically diverse sample of 300 urban ninth-grade students was recruited and assessed on 8 occasions during the school year. Analyses were conducted using hierarchical linear modeling. Results…

Walker-Barnes, Chanequa J.; Mason, Craig A.; Arrue, Rafael Martinez

404

An Investigation of Mathematics Anxiety among Sixth through Eighth Grade Students in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study is to investigate mathematics anxiety among 220 sixth through eighth grade Turkish students in terms of mathematics achievement levels, perceived enjoyment of the mathematics teaching method, perceived enjoyment of mathematics, and perceived help with mathematics from parents. The Mathematics Anxiety Scale for…

Birgin, Osman; Baloglu, Mustafa; Catlioglu, Hakan; Gurbuz, Ramazan

2010-01-01

405

Orange County Academic Decathlon for 9th and 10th Grade Students. Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Orange County (California) students in grades 9 and 10 compete in an annually held series of 10 competitive events measuring academic strengths. These events include tests in grammar and literature, fine arts, mathematics, science, social science, study skills, and a super quiz--a team event held before a large audience. In addition, there are…

Orange County Academic Decathalon Association, CA.

406

Linking the Organizational Health of Middle Grades Schools to Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between student reading achievement and the organizational health of five middle grades schools in North Carolina. The theoretical framework was based upon Hoy and Feldman's definition of organizational health, which links healthy school climates to improved learning environments and…

Roney, Kathleen; Coleman, Howard; Schlichting, Kathleen A.

2007-01-01

407

Student Grade Motivation as a Determinant of Performance on the Business Major Field ETS Exam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the determinants of performance on the business major field achievement ETS exam with a focus on the impact of applying ETS exam scores to part of the capstone course grade as a performance incentive. The sample consists of 150 students at a midsized regional institution located in the Southwestern region of the United States.…

Terry, Neil; Mills, LaVelle; Sollosy, Marc

2008-01-01

408

Hot Math: Promoting Mathematical Problem Solving among Third-Grade Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes "Hot Math," a third-grade intervention conducted with small groups of students with disabilities or in inclusive classrooms that fosters mathematical problem solving. Hot Math integrates two promising practices to promote mathematical problem solving, explicit instruction about transfer and self-regulation strategies.…

Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Prentice, Karin; Burch, Mindy; Paulsen, Kim

2002-01-01

409

Enhancing Mathematical Problem Solving Among Third-Grade Students With Schema-Based Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to assess the effects of schema-based instruction (SBI) in promoting mathematical problem solving and to investigate schema induction as a mechanism in the development of mathematical problem solving. Twenty-four 3rd-grade teachers, with 366 students, were assigned randomly to conditions that provided instruction on…

Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Prentice, Karin; Hamlett, Carol L.; Finelli, Robin; Courey, Susan J.

2004-01-01

410

Cognitive, Academic, and Attitudinal Predictors of the Grade Point Averages of College Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined cognitive, academic, and attitudinal predictors of college grade point average (GPA) among 84 college students with learning disabilities (LD) attending a large midwestern university. Results indicated that Full Scale IQ and one factor (delay/avoidance) on the self-reported study habits scale accounted for a significant amount…

Murray, Christopher; Wren, Carol T.

2003-01-01

411

Improving the Social Skills of Fourth- and Fifth-Grade Cognitively Gifted Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This applied dissertation reports on an intervention to develop the social skills of six cognitively gifted fourth and fifth grade students. The twice-weekly, after-school intervention was intended to address the asynchronous development of these children who experienced functional disability in social settings due to social dissonance, a…

Kimmel, Sharry

412

The Effect of Music and Sound Effects on the Listening Comprehension of Fourth Grade Students.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study was designed to determine if the addition of music and sound effects to recorded stories increased the comprehension and retention of information presented on tape to fourth grade students at three levels of reading ability. Two versions of fou...

R. E. Mann

1979-01-01

413

A Structural Model of Student Career Aspiration and Science Education: The 10th Grade Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Career aspiration is an important factor articulating student academic preparation and career orientation. On the basis of H. Walberg's educational productivity theory, 10th grade national data from the Longitudinal Study of American Youth have been analyzed to examine structural relations between educational productivity and career aspiration in…

Wang, Jianjun; Turner, Dianne

414

A Story Well Told: Rich Narrative Engages California Fifth Grade Students in American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational publisher Pearson/Scott-Foresman in 2006 introduced curriculum to address California History/Social Studies standards. Fifth grade students have difficulty comprehending non-fiction text that is informative enough to have historical accuracy. The publisher promotes a program that features a standard in every lesson, and promises no…

Huson, Julie Alice

2007-01-01

415

Documenting Student Performance: An Alternative to the Traditional Calculation of Grade Point Averages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally, students in secondary and postsecondary education have grade point averages (GPA) calculated, and a cumulative GPA computed to summarize overall performance at their institutions. GPAs are used for acknowledgement and awards, as partial evidence for admission to other institutions (colleges and universities), and for awarding…

Volwerk, Johannes J.; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

416

Evaluation of an Experimental Intensive French Programme for Grade Eight Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This interim report on an experimental program to increase student motivation to learn French at the Cultural Centre of Intensive French (CCIF) examines objectives, evaluation procedures, and results of the experiment. Part 1 contains sections on: (1) French achievement in Ottawa, Canada, grade 8 classes, (2) Pimsleur listening comprehension test,…

Morrison, Frances Crook

417

Measuring Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviours Concerning Sustainable Development among Tenth Grade Students in Manitoba  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we present standardized measures of tenth grade students' knowledge, attitudes and behaviours concerning sustainable development as those concepts are understood in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, and we test the hypothesis that knowledge and favourable attitudes toward SD lead to favourable…

Michalos, Alex C.; Creech, Heather; Swayze, Natalie; Kahlke, P. Maurine; Buckler, Carolee; Rempel, Karen

2012-01-01

418

Primary-Grade Students' Knowledge and Thinking about Shelter as a Cultural Universal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The traditional K-3 social studies curriculum has focused on food, clothing, shelter, communication, transportation, and other cultural universals. A study was designed to provide information with respect to the topic of shelter, and in the process, to assess claims that primary grade students do not need instruction in the topic because they…

Brophy, Jere; Alleman, Janet

419

It's About Time: Parental Activities To Help Middle Grade Students Begin To Think About Career Choice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended for parents of Ohio students in grade 8, explains the purpose and content of the Individual Career Plan (ICP) and provides activities through which parents can help their children begin to think about career choice. The document begins with an overview of the ICP, which is a scrapbook-like document that Ohio…

Andrews, Suzanne; Gahris, Cynthia; Reeder, Marcia; Tizzano, Anthony

420

Evaluation of a school?based sex education programme delivered to Grade Nine students in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effectiveness of a multidimensional Canadian sex education programme was evaluated using 240 Grade Nine students. The intervention was offered by representatives from various community groups and involved instructional classes on anatomy\\/physiology of the reproductive system and sexually transmitted infections, a video and group discussion on healthy relationships, a form of ‘peer education’ and discussion on teen pregnancy and HIV\\/AIDS,

Lisa Smylie; Dana Boyd

2008-01-01

421

Motivating Every Student in Literacy (Including the Highly Unmotivated!), Grades 3-6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Motivating Every Student in Literacy (Including the Highly Unmotivated!), Grades 3-6" provides an effective model for improving reading levels and increasing motivation. Under the guidance of Athans and Devine, classroom leaders develop their own Motivation Improvement Action Plans, where small-group instruction, end-of-unit assessments, and…

Athans, Sandra K.; Devine, Denise Ashe

2010-01-01

422

Helping Students with Moderate and Severe Intellectual Disability Access Grade-Level Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching students with moderate and severe intellectual disability who are early readers or nonreaders to engage with grade-level text is challenging. For this reason, purposeful thought must be given to promoting text accessibility and teaching text comprehension. Whenever possible, text should be used as it is originally written without…

Hudson, Melissa E.; Browder, Diane; Wakeman, Shawnee

2013-01-01

423

Delaware Student Testing Program Item Sampler: [Commentaries for 2001] Text-Based Writing, Grade 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this document is to familiarize educators and parents with the text-based portion of the Delaware Student Testing Program (DSTP) writing assessment for third grade. The DSTP writing assessment consists of one "stand-alone" writing prompt (representing 2/3 of the overall writing score) and one "text-based" prompt (representing the…

Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover.

424

A Meta-Analysis of Writing Instruction for Students in the Elementary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to identify effective instructional practices for teaching writing to elementary grade students, we conducted a meta-analysis of the writing intervention literature, focusing our efforts on true and quasi-experiments. We located 115 documents that included the statistics for computing an effect size (ES). We calculated an average…

Graham, Steve; McKeown, Debra; Kiuhara, Sharlene; Harris, Karen R.

2012-01-01

425

The Effects of School Entry Age and Gender on Reading Achievement Scores of Second Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study determined if either school entry age or gender had any effect on the reading achievement of 121 second-grade students from the Metuchen, New Jersey, public school district. The subjects were administered the California Achievement Test in the Spring of 1994. Results indicated that late starters scored significantly better than early…

Trapp, Carol M.

426

Grade/Study-Performance Contracts, Enhanced Communication, Cooperative Learning, and Student Performance in Undergraduate Organic Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes and evaluates a teaching strategy, designed to increase student retention while maintaining academic performance levels in undergraduate organic chemistry, that uses grade/study-performance contracts, enhanced communication using electronic mail, and cooperative learning. Concludes that a series of interventions can substantially…

Dougherty, Ralph C.

1997-01-01

427

Improving Social Behavior of Fifth through Eighth Grade Students through Curriculum Intervention and Teaching Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A social skills training program for improving student behavior in art and music classes and in unstructured situations was developed and implemented during the second quarter of the 1993-1994 school year in two schools in Elgin, Illinois. The targeted classes included grades six through eight at St. Laurence School (part of the Rockford Catholic…

Jensen, Phyllis; And Others

428

Group Art Therapy with Eighth-Grade Students Transitioning to High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effectiveness of a group art therapy intervention within a school setting to increase coping skills and decrease disruptive behaviors in a group of 6 eighth-grade students at risk for making a poor transition to high school. The mixed-method AB single-case experiment measured each individual's changes in behavior and coping…

Spier, Erin

2010-01-01

429

Delaware Student Testing Program Item Sampler: Released Items for Science, Grades 8 and 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Delaware Student Testing Program (DSTP) is designed to assess progress toward the Delaware Content Standards. Every year a certain number of items are removed from the test and then selected for public release. This booklet contains items released from the 2001 administration of the DSTP Science tests for grades 8 and 11. It contains examples…

Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover.

430

A Quality Circle Approach to Reducing Suspension of Students in the Tenth Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum report describes outcomes of a 12-week program to reduce suspensions at an eastern central Florida high school. The program was implemented to reduce the number of suspensions among a target group of 12 10th-grade students. Specifically, the intervention sought to reduce both the misbehavior infractions and school suspensions by two…

Fleming, Eric T.

431

Development of the Performance of Process Skills (POPS) Test for Middle Grades Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to construct a valid and reliable noncurriculum specific measure of integrated science process skills intended for use with middle school students. The major efforts in test development were focused on the refinements and modifications of the set of objectives and test items assessed by the existing Middle Grades

Mattheis, Floyd E.; Nakayama, Genzo

432

The Effects of Differentiated Instruction on Motivation and Engagement in Fifth-Grade Gifted Math and Music Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this action research project report was to increase student motivation and engagement. There seemed to be an increasing disconnect between student potential and performance, especially among gifted math and beginning music students. Two teacher researchers carried out this research with 25 fifth-grade students at two different sites…

Martin, Merissa R.; Pickett, Matt T.

2013-01-01

433

The Effect of Using Computer Games in Teaching Mathematics on Developing the Number Sense of Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of using computer games in teaching mathematics on developing the number sense of fourth grade students. To achieve this purpose a study sample of (81) students was selected from the fourth grade. This sample was divided into two groups. One group was randomly chosen to be the experimental…

Nejem, Khamis Mousa; Muhanna, Wafa

2013-01-01

434

Trail Blazers: Fourth-Grade Students Create Digital Field Guides for Visitors to the School's Nature Trail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a fourth-grade science teacher, the author wanted a project that was (a) yearlong in scope, (b) got her students outside more, and (c) laid the groundwork for a learning progression. In this article, she describes a project in which her fourth-grade students created digital field guides for visitors to their school's nature trail. In the…

Connors, Lisa Marie

2011-01-01

435

Enhancing Teacher Read Alouds with Small-Group Vocabulary Instruction for Students with Low Vocabulary in First-Grade Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effect of small-group instruction on the vocabulary and comprehension of first-grade students identified with low language and low vocabulary skills. Overall, 102 first-grade students scoring below the 50th percentile on relational vocabulary were blocked by classroom, matched according to…

Fien, Hank; Santoro, Lana; Baker, Scott K.; Park, Yonghan; Chard, David J.; Williams, Susanna; Haria, Priti

2011-01-01

436

Extrinsic Motivators Affecting Fourth-Grade Students' Interest and Enrollment in an Instrumental Music Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate fourth-grade students' extrinsic motivators for joining and continuing in a school instrumental music program. Three research questions were investigated: (a) What extrinsic motivators have influenced fourth-grade students' initial interest and continuing participation in an instrumental music…

Vasil, Martina

2013-01-01

437

Matching of Learning Styles and Teaching Styles: Advantage and Disadvantage on Ninth-Grade Students' Academic Achievements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to identify learning styles of ninth-grade students, to identify teaching styles of four subject teachers, and to compare four academic achievements between different matching conditions of students' learning styles and teachers' teaching styles. The research participants comprised of 3,382 ninth-grade

Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Reungtragul, Auyporn

2013-01-01

438

Optimizing the Fairness of Student Evaluations: A Study of Correlations between Instructor Excellence, Study Production, Learning Production, and Expected Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from 1,251 student evaluations of instructors were used to rank faculty; rank order changed when learning outcomes, study production, and grade expectations were considered. Students expected high grades from teachers rated highly; those assigning more homework rated lower. Weighting instructor excellence, study and learning production, and…

Stapleton, Richard John; Murkison, Gene

2001-01-01

439

The Effect of Conceptual Change Approach to Eliminate 9th Grade High School Students' Misconceptions about Air Pressure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of teaching based on conceptual change overcome misconceptions of 9th grade high school students about the subject of air pressure. The sampling of the study was formed with two classes of 9th grade students from a general high school in the city-center of Trabzon. A quasi-experimental…

Akbas, Yavuz; Gencturk, Ebru

2011-01-01

440

Project Math-Co. Career Based Math Text Book Produced Entirely by Eighth Grade Students at Wiscasset Middle School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This career-based mathematics text book was written for eighth grade students by eighth grade students at Wiscasset Middle School, Wiscasset, Maine. The text has an innovative format and features interviews with various townspeople of Wiscasset concerning their occupations; from the interviews, information is presented about training needed,…

Wiscasset Middle School, ME.

441

Expectations and Reports of Homework for Public School Students in the First, Third, and Fifth Grades. Issue Brief.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In general, the amount of reading and mathematics homework that students teachers expected them to complete on a typical evening increased from first grade to fifth grade. For example, 21 percent of first-graders had teachers who expected their students t...

2008-01-01

442

The Effects of GO Solve Word Problems Math Intervention on Applied Problem Solving Skills of Low Performing Fifth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigation examined the effects of "GO Solve Word Problems" math intervention on problem-solving skills of struggling 5th grade students. In a randomized controlled study, 16 5th grade students were given a 12-week intervention of "GO Solve", a computer-based program designed to teach schema-based instruction strategies (SBI.s) to…

Fede, Jessica L.

2010-01-01

443

Promoting Strategic Learning by Eighth-Grade Students Struggling in Mathematics: A Report of Three Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents three in-depth case studies focused on supporting students with learning challenges to learn math strategically. Participants were three eighth-grade students enrolled in a learning assistance classroom who were of at least average intelligence but who were performing significantly below grade level in mathematics. These case…

Butler, Deborah L.; Beckingham, Beverly; Lauscher, Helen J. Novak

2005-01-01

444

A Study of the Effects of the Accelerated Reader Program on Fifth Grade Students' Reading Achievement Growth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare the reading achievement growth of fifth grade students following a year of participation in the Accelerated Reader program with the reading achievement growth of fifth grade students who did not participate in the Accelerated Reader program. The Terra Nova standardized achievement test was used as the…

Melton, Cindy M.; Smothers, Bobbie C.; Anderson, Eugene; Fulton, Ray; Replogle, William H.; Thomas, Lisa

2004-01-01

445

A Comparison Study of the California Test of Basic Skills between Fourth and Fifth Grade Instrumental Music Pullout Students and Students Not Involved in the Instrumental Music Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an instrumental music pullout program on student achievement. Two hundred and twenty-three students were divided into 2 groups. The first group consisted of 46 instrumental music students in grades 4 and 5. The second group consisted of 177 students who did not participate in the instrumental…

Corral, S. Joseph

446

Preventing Student Disengagement and Keeping Students on the Graduation Path in Urban Middle-Grades Schools: Early Identification and Effective Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the practical, conceptual, and empirical foundations of an early identification and intervention system for middle-grades schools to combat student disengagement and increase graduation rates in our nation's cities. Many students in urban schools become disengaged at the start of the middle grades, which greatly reduces the…

Balfanz, Robert; Herzog, Liza; Iver, Douglas J. Mac

2007-01-01

447

Preventing Student Disengagement and Keeping Students on the Graduation Path in Urban Middle-Grades Schools: Early Identification and Effective Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the practical, conceptual, and empirical foundations of an early identification and intervention system for middle-grades schools to combat student disengagement and increase graduation rates in our nation's cities. Many students in urban schools become disengaged at the start of the middle grades, which greatly reduces the odds that they will eventually graduate. We use longitudinal analyses—following almost

ROBERT BALFANZ; LIZA HERZOG; DOUGLAS J. MAC IVER

2007-01-01

448

Analyzing the Longitudinal K-12 Grading Histories of Entire Cohorts of Students: Grades, Data Driven Decision Making, Dropping out and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School personnel currently lack an effective method to pattern and visually interpret disaggregated achievement data collected on students as a means to help inform decision making. This study, through the examination of longitudinal K-12 teacher assigned grading histories for entire cohorts of students from a school district (n=188), demonstrates…

Bowers, Alex J.

2010-01-01

449

The Effect of Co-Teaching on Student Achievement in Ninth Grade Physical Science Classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Co-teaching is a method that is increasing within schools across the US as educators strive to leave no child behind. It is a costly method, having two paid instructors in one classroom, with an average of 24 students shared between them. If it significantly increases the achievement of all students, it is well worth the costs involved. However, few studies have analyzed the effectiveness of this method on student achievement. This research follows the academic accomplishments of students in a ninth grade physical science course. Nine sections of the course "Force and Motion" were taught with a single teacher, and two additional sections were co-taught, one led by a science-certified and special educator, and another co-taught by two science certified teachers. Subgroup achievement performance was analyzed to determine whether significant differences exist between students with or without IEPs, as well as other factors such as free and reduced lunch status or gender. The results show significance with the presence of a co-teacher, while there is minimal effect size of co-teaching in this study for students with IEPs. The benefactors in these ninth grade co-taught classes were the students without IEPs, an unintended result of co-teaching.

LaFever, Karen M.

450

"Beyond the walls": A research study of eighth-grade students mentored in a hospital setting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research study was designed to evaluate twelve eighth-grade students participating in the fourth year of a mentoring program to determine what effect the mentoring experience would have on the students' sense of a scientific community, their understanding of scientific knowledge and process skills and attitudes toward science. The mentoring program was developed through a partnership established between the researcher, an eighth-grade science teacher at a junior high school, and an administrator of a local hospital, to provide educational opportunities for students mentored by medical professionals. The research design included qualitative and quantitative methods of analysis. The qualitative instruments were student journals and interviews. The quantitative instruments included the science subtest of the Stanford Nine Achievement Test, a Student Attitude Toward Science Survey (STATS), and a Hospital Questionnaire. The findings indicate that mentoring developed the students' understanding of a scientific community, revealed a wide range of attitudes and had a positive effect on the students' scientific knowledge and process skills. Finally, this research study has shown the benefits of mentoring as a model for teaching science in a community setting beyond the walls of the school.

Grattan, Aileen

451

Grade/Performance Contracts, Enhanced Communication, Cooperative Learning and Student Performance in Undergraduate Organic Chemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes a grade/study-performance contract that was designed to increase student retention while maintaining academic performance levels in undergraduate organic chemistry. The experimental course included enhanced communication using electronic mail, and cooperative learning in addition to grade/study-performance contracts. The objective of the grade/study-performance contract was the development of learning skills with creation of a basis for unobtrusive auditing of performance. The retention rate in the experimental course was 0.82 for the first term and 0.93 for the second term. The overall retention was 0.76. This value was 3.8 times the average retention for the same sequence in the previous five years at the same institution. It was seven standard deviations away from the previous mean. The ACS Organic Chemistry Examination percentile score for the control section was 46+25 (n=117). The corresponding data for the experimental section was 53+23 (n=143). When the course was offered with the same instructor, cooperative learning, e-mail, but no grade/study-performance contract the ACS Exam percentile average 37+29. This represents a drop of 9.9 standard deviations for comparison of the means. We conclude that grade/study-performance contracts can be effective in increasing both student performance and retention in undergraduate organic chemistry.

Dougherty, Ralph C.

1997-06-01

452

Supporting students' strategic competence: a case of a sixth-grade mathematics classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mathematics education research has documented several classroom practices that might influence student self-regulation. We know little, however, about the ways these classroom practices could be structured in real classroom settings. In this exploratory case study, we purposefully selected a sixth-grade mathematics teacher who had participated in a professional development program focussed on NCTM standards and SRL in the mathematics classroom for extensive classroom observation. The purpose was to explore how and to what extend she structured classroom practices to support strategic competence in her students. Four features of classroom practices were found as evidence for how strategic competence was potentially supported in this classroom: (a) allowing autonomy and shared responsibility during the early stages of learning, (b) focusing on student understanding, (c) creating contexts for students to learn about strategic learning and to exercise strategic behaviour, and (d) helping students to personalise strategies by recognising their ideas and strategic behaviours.

Özdemir, ?. Elif Yetkin; Pape, Stephen J.

2012-06-01

453

Cumulative effects of prevention education on substance use among 11th grade students in Ohio.  

PubMed

This article examines participation in school-based prevention activities from a statewide sample of 11th grade students in Ohio. About 42% of subjects indicated they had never been involved in a prevention education activity. Differences existed in mean number of activities by both gender and White/nonWhite status. Popular prevention education activities included participation in D.A.R.E. (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) at elementary, junior high, and senior high levels, "Just Say No Clubs"; Quest; and Red Ribbon Week. Only a small proportion of youth participated exclusively in any one of these activities. An association existed between student participation in prevention education and level of drug involvement. Students in each activity had lower mean scores for drug involvement when compared to students who had never participated in a prevention education activity. Also, the lowest mean scores occurred among students who had participated in multiple prevention activities. PMID:9644608

Donnermeyer, J F; Davis, R R

1998-04-01

454

The relationship between measures of vocabulary and narrative writing quality in second- and fourth-grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between measures of written vocabulary and writing quality. Participants\\u000a included 92 second-grade students and 101 fourth-grade students. Students completed two writing samples: one an experimenter-developed\\u000a writing task and the other, a standardized assessment of writing quality. Research questions examined whether four vocabulary\\u000a measures (vocabulary diversity, less frequent vocabulary, mean syllable

Natalie G. Olinghouse; Jacqueline T. Leaird

2009-01-01

455

Technical Adequacy of Early Numeracy Curriculum-Based Progress Monitoring Measures for Kindergarten and First-Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine six early numeracy measures used to monitor the mathematics progress of kindergarten and first-grade students. Seventy-one kindergarten students and 75 first-grade students were administered the measures each week. Delayed-alternate form reliability was adequate for instructional decision making on some measures, and low reliability was reported for quantity discrimination, as well as for

David D. Hampton; Erica S. Lembke; Young-Sun Lee; Sandra Pappas; Cynthia Chiong; Herbert P. Ginsburg

2012-01-01

456

Fitness, fatness, and academic performance in seventh-grade elementary school students  

PubMed Central

Background In addition to the benefits on physical and mental health, cardiorespiratory fitness has shown to have positive effects on cognition. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness and body weight status on academic performance among seventh-grade students. Methods Participants included 1531 grade 7 students (787 male, 744 female), ranging in age from 12 to 14 years (Mage?=?12.3?±?0.60), from 3 different cohorts. Academic performance was measured using the marks students had, at the end of their academic year, in mathematics, language (Portuguese), foreign language (English), and sciences. To assess cardiorespiratory fitness the Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run, from Fitnessgram, was used as the test battery. The relationship between academic achievement and the independent and combined association of cardiorespiratory fitness/weight status was analysed, using multinomial logistic regression. Results Cardiorespiratory fitness and weight status were independently related with academic achievement. Fit students, compared with unfit students had significantly higher odds for having high academic achievement (OR?=?2.29, 95% CI: 1.48-3.55, p?grade students independent of the different cohorts, providing further support that aerobically fit and normal weight students are more likely to have better performance at school regardless of the year that they were born.

2014-01-01

457

Students' Conceptions about "Radiation": Results from an Explorative Interview Study of 9th Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One basis of good teaching is to know about your students' preconceptions. Studies about typical ideas that students bring to the science classroom have been and continue to be a major field in science education research. This study aims to explore associations and ideas that students have regarding "radiation", a term widely used in various…

Neumann, Susanne; Hopf, Martin

2012-01-01

458

The Effects of Implementation of the Multiple Intelligences Theory on Grade-7 Students' Attitudes toward and Perceptions of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of implementation of student-centered activities based on multiple intelligences (MI) theory on grade-7 students' attitudes toward and perceptions of science. While the experimental group consisting of 25 students was taught a unit on the atom and atomic properties using strategies based on…

Kaya, Osman Nafiz; Ebenezer, Jazlin

2003-01-01

459

A Resource Guide to Assist Lawyers and Law Students for Participation in Kindergarten through Eighth Grade Law-Related Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides lesson plans for lawyers and law students who serve as resource persons for law-related subjects in grades K-8. The first part of the guide provides an introduction, an explanation of lesson plan format, suggestions to help lawyers and law students work effectively with teachers, and helpful hints for working with students in…

Phi Alpha Delta Law Fraternity International, Washington, DC.

460

Effectiveness of Interactive Multimedia Environment on Language Acquisition Skills of 6th Grade Students in the United Arab Emirates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effect of interactive multimedia (IMM) program on students' acquisition of some English as a second language (ESL) skills. An interactive multimedia CD-ROM was used with ninety 6th grade ESL students in Al-Ain Model School 2, United Arab Emirates. Students were selected and divided into experimental and control groups…

Almekhlafi, Abdurrahman Ghaleb

2006-01-01

461

The correlation between academic achievements, self-esteem and motivation of female seventh grade students: A mixed methods approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the early grades, female students generally display enthusiasm for learning science. As these same students go though school, however, their level of motivation changes. Once female students reach high school, many lack the confidence to take chemistry and physics. Then, in college they lack the background necessary to major in chemistry, physics, and engineering. This study used quantitative data

Karen Henman

2010-01-01

462

The Association between Teacher Attitudes, Behavioral Intentions, and Smoking and the Prevalence of Smoking among Seventh-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed seventh grade students and teachers from 23 schools to determine association between teacher attitudes, behavioral intentions, and smoking behavior and prevalence of student smoking. Teacher attitudes toward smoking policies were strongly related to current smoking behavior of teacher but not consistently related to student smoking.…

de Moor, Carl; And Others

1992-01-01

463

Addressing the Effects of Reciprocal Teaching on the Receptive and Expressive Vocabulary of 1st-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the effects of Adapted Reciprocal Teaching (ART) on the receptive and expressive flight-word vocabulary of 1st-grade students. During ART, classroom interactions produced narrative contexts within which students assumed responsibility for applying new flight words in personally meaningful ways. Students in the control group…

Mandel, Eliana; Osana, Helena P.; Venkatesh, Vivek

2013-01-01

464

The Correlation between Academic Achievements, Self-Esteem and Motivation of Female Seventh Grade Students: A Mixed Methods Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the early grades, female students generally display enthusiasm for learning science. As these same students go though school, however, their level of motivation changes. Once female students reach high school, many lack the confidence to take chemistry and physics. Then, in college they lack the background necessary to major in chemistry,…

Henman, Karen

2010-01-01

465

The effects of the Natural Approach on English oral communication skills in third-grade learning-disabled students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to determine the instructional effects of the Natural Approach on the English oral communication skills of third-grade learning disabled students. Subjects included 20 learning disabled students in a self-contained class who received the Natural Approach (NAT) as an experimental group. The control group consisted of 20 learning disabled mainstreamed students who received the English through Audiolingual Approach

Maria Alejandra Reyes-Bonilla

1991-01-01

466

The use of science inquiry and its effect on critical thinking skills and dispositions in third grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many students reach the middle school level without appropriate critical thinking skills. This has important implications for educators and the future workforce. This mixed methods quasi-experimental design study investigated the use of a science inquiry kit and its effect on the critical thinking skills and dispositions of elementary students. Third grade students and their six teachers were the participants in

Eeva Burns

2009-01-01

467

Progress in International Reading Literacy Study 2006 (PIRLS): Pedagogical Correlates of Fourth-Grade Students in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading literacy of fourth-grade students in Hong Kong showed a remarkable improvement from 2001 to 2006 as shown by international PIRLS studies. This study identified various aspects of the teacher factor contributing to the significant improvement among students. A total of 4,712 students and 144 teachers from 144 schools were randomly selected…

Cheung, Wai Ming; Tse, Shek Kam; Lam, Joseph W. I.; Ka Yee Loh, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

468

Technology and Man: The Humanities and Science (Selected Study Topics for Gifted Students in Grades 9-12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of units of instruction for gifted students, the booklet focuses on humanities and science. Three sample units are offered for students in grades 9-12. In "Man's Origins: Where Did He Come From?" students examine the conflicts over evolution versus creationism, impacts of genetic control, and the ecomonics and politics of the…

Abbott, Barbara; Diers, Russell

469

Orchestration of Writing Processes and Writing Products: A Comparison of Sixth-Grade Students with and without Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study was to compare two samples of sixth-grade Spanish primary students on coordination of writing processes measured by online or direct retrospection techniques and writing products. One group was comprised of 81 students with learning disabilities (LD), the other was made up by 80 typically achieving students. The results showed…

Garcia, Jesus-Nicasio; Fidalgo, Raquel

2008-01-01

470

The Influence of Teacher Emotion on Grading Practices: A Preliminary Look at the Evaluation of Student Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evaluation of student work is a central aspect of the teaching profession that can affect students in significant ways. Although teachers use multiple criteria for assessing student work, it is not yet known if emotions are a factor in their grading decisions as has been found in other instances of professional evaluations. Reason to believe…

Brackett, Marc A.; Floman, James L.; Ashton-James, Claire; Cherkasskiy, Lillia; Salovey, Peter

2013-01-01

471

The Effects of Single Gender Education on Sixth through Eighth Grade Female Student Science Achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Currently, students in the United States are educated in either single or mixed gender learning environments. An achievement gap between male and female students in the area of science indicates a need for instructional strategies and environments that will address these learning needs. Single gender classrooms are one possible solution as males and females have gender differences that may contribute to the way they learn. This quantitative, causal comparative study compared the differences in the Palmetto Assessment of State Standards science achievement scores of middle school females in single and mixed gender environments in a state in the Southeastern United States. Independent samples t tests, Chi-Square Tests, and two-way ANOVA analyses determined if group differences in science achievement existed between sixth through eighth grade female students in single and mixed gender classrooms. Results of the study revealed there was no significant difference in achievement scores between the two groups. The research findings provide the stakeholders with information that can potentially influence the implementation of single gender programs to improve the achievement of female students in middle grades science. Keywords: single gender, science, female students, education

Boyd, Deanna Sherrise

472

New Observatory Outreach Programs for Students in Grades 3-12  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Henize Observatory at Harper College, a community college in suburban Chicago, has conducted biweekly public viewing sessions from March to November for over ten years. Recently, we developed two complementary public education programs for primary and secondary school students. The Cosmic Explorers program allows students in Grades 3-6 to observe and identify night sky objects and receive small rewards for completing four “seasons” of observing in their Night Sky Passport. The Henize Docent program gives students in Grades 7-12 the opportunity to assist with observatory operations, including the Cosmic Explorers program, and learn about astronomy and nature interpretation methods. Together, these two programs have rejuvenated our public viewing sessions and generated a real excitement in the community. The success of these programs has presented new challenges for the observatory. Innovative solutions for crowd control and expanded training for volunteer staff were necessary to support the increased visitor load. Students in the docent program have been highly motivated and require training and challenges to keep them engaged. One unexpected benefit was increased interest in Harper College's Astronomy Club as students, particularly those in education, participate in these informal education opportunities. Both programs can be adapted to any venue with night time observing and access to telescopes. We will discuss the programs, their costs, program materials and marketing, challenges and solutions, and future plans. This work is supported by a Harper College Resource for Excellence Grant.

Moorthy, Bhasker K.; Kabbes, J.; Page, K. A.; Cole, K.

2013-06-01

473

The impact of an integrated math and science curriculum on third grade students' measurement achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a hands-on science curriculum, which integrates mathematics and supports the development of English language skills, on third grade students' mathematics achievement---specifically the measurement subscale of the statewide assessment. The data draws from a larger 5-year research project consisting of reform-based science curriculum units and teacher workshops designed to promote

Karen H. Adamson

2008-01-01

474

The Positive Impact of Social and Emotional Learning for Kindergarten to Eighth-Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acknowledgments:This report is supported by grants awarded,to Roger P. Weissberg and Joseph A. Durlak by the Lucile Packard Foundation,for Children’s Health and the University of Illinois at Chicago. Suggested citation: Payton, J., Weissberg, R.P., Durlak, J.A., Dymnicki, A.B., Taylor, R.D., Schellinger, K.B., & Pachan, M. (2008). The positive impact of social and emotional learning,for kindergarten,to eighth-grade students: Findings from three

John Payton; Roger P. Weissberg; Joseph A. Durlak; Allison B. Dymnicki; Rebecca D. Taylor; Kriston B. Schellinger; Molly Pachan

475

The effect of conceptual change approach on 9th grade students’ achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the effect of materials developed based on conceptual change approach on 9th grade students’ achievement in the subject of fractions. With this aim, a worksheet, conceptual change text and a two-stage performance test on the subject of fractions were developed. Quasi-experimental research model was used in the study. Following this model, the fractions were taught with traditional

Timur Koparan; Cemalettin Y?ld?z; Davut Kö?ce; Bülent Güven

2010-01-01

476

The Impact of Using Student-Dictated Oral Review Stories on Science Vocabulary, Content Knowledge, and Non-Fiction Writing Skills of First Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if using an intervention called Student Dictated Oral Review Stories (SDORS) had an effect on science vocabulary usage and content knowledge for ninety-three students in six first grade classrooms and the subgroup of economically disadvantaged students in a mid-sized north Texas school district. The…

Bishoff, Sandra Wells

2010-01-01

477

An Observational Case Study of Four Second Grade General Education Students' Academic Responding and Inappropriate Behavior in the Presence of a Disruptive Student with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current observational case study involves four second grade students without disabilities in a classroom in which a disruptive student with disabilities was included. The purpose of the study was to record and analyze the academic responses (AR) and inappropriate behaviors (IB) that were exhibited by students without disabilities in three…

Duvall, Steven F.; Jain, Sachin; Boone, Denise

2010-01-01

478

Effects of instructional strategies on seventh grade science achievement as perceived by Kentucky students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Kentucky Education Reform Act of 1990 brought about systemic transformations at all levels of the state P--12 educational system. While the reform has generally been accepted as successful at the elementary and secondary levels, improvements in the state's middle schools have been negligible, particularly in the subject of science. Central to problems at the middle school level is the lack of empirical research linking student seventh grade science achievement with certain instructional strategies, mediating variables, and demographic variables. The purposes of this study focus on possible connections among these variables. The study was constructed around ten theorized relationships at the two levels of research: the individual student level and the composite school level. Simultaneous and hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to investigate possible relationships. Consistent throughout the data analysis is the negative linkage between the use of computers and student achievement. Results of this study would suggest that computer use in the science classrooms is detrimental to the improvement of science achievement test scores at the seventh grade level, at least as currently practiced. Several strategies such as use of textbooks and worksheets as well as specific hands-on strategies have a positive relationship with science achievement. Certain demographic factors were found to have linkages to student achievement. Analysis indicates that white students perform at a higher level than do their non-white counterparts. Free and reduced lunch students typically performed at a lower level than students who are not classified as poor. Female students score higher on the science achievement test. Mediating variables such as student effort and confidence demonstrated relationships with student science achievement. The findings are unique in the Commonwealth of Kentucky and represent the first available connections among the variables under investigation. While answers have been suggested to the questions posed in this research, clearly a number of puzzling questions have been raised. Future research is needed to answer these questions if Kentucky's middle schools are to prosper in seventh grade science in the years to come.

Ennis, Larry S.

479

The development of a science process assessment for fourth-grade students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, a multiple-choice test entitled the Science Process Assessment was developed to measure the science process skills of students in grade four. Based on the Recommended Science Competency Continuum for Grades K to 6 for Pennsylvania Schools, this instrument measured the skills of (1) observing, (2) classifying, (3) inferring, (4) predicting, (5) measuring, (6) communicating, (7) using space/time relations, (8) defining operationally, (9) formulating hypotheses, (10) experimenting, (11) recognizing variables, (12) interpreting data, and (13) formulating models. To prepare the instrument, classroom teachers and science educators were invited to participate in two science education workshops designed to develop an item bank of test questions applicable to measuring process skill learning. Participants formed writing teams and generated 65 test items representing the 13 process skills. After a comprehensive group critique of each item, 61 items were identified for inclusion into the Science Process Assessment item bank. To establish content validity, the item bank was submitted to a select panel of science educators for the purpose of judging item acceptability. This analysis yielded 55 acceptable test items and produced the Science Process Assessment, Pilot 1. Pilot 1 was administered to 184 fourth-grade students. Students were given a copy of the test booklet; teachers read each test aloud to the students. Upon completion of this first administration, data from the item analysis yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.73. Subsequently, 40 test items were identified for the Science Process Assessment, Pilot 2. Using the test-retest method, the Science Process Assessment, Pilot 2 (Test 1 and Test 2) was administered to 113 fourth-grade students. Reliability coefficients of 0.80 and 0.82, respectively, were ascertained. The correlation between Test 1 and Test 2 was 0.77. The results of this study indicate that (1) the Science Process Assessment, Pilot 2, is a valid and reliable instrument applicable to measuring the science process skills of students in grade four, (2) using educational workshops as a means of developing item banks of test questions is viable and productive in the test development process, and (3) involving classroom teachers and science educators in the test development process is educationally efficient and effective.

Smith, Kathleen A.; Welliver, Paul W.

480

Effects of multisensory resources on the achievement and science attitudes of seventh-grade suburban students taught science concepts on and above grade level  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research was designed to determine the relationships among students' achievement scores on grade-level science content, on science content that was three years above-grade level, on attitudes toward instructional approaches, and learning-styles perceptual preferences when instructional approaches were multisensory versus traditional. The dependent variables for this investigation were scores on achievement posttests and scores on the attitude survey. The independent variables were the instructional strategy and students' perceptual preferences. The sample consisted of 74 educationally oriented seventh-grade students. The Learning Styles Inventory (LSI) (Dunn, Dunn, & Price, 1990) was administered to determine perceptual preferences. The control group was taught seventh-grade and tenth-grade science units using a traditional approach and the experimental group was instructed on the same units using multisensory instructional resources. The Semantic Differential Scale (SDS) (Pizzo, 1981) was administered to reveal attitudinal differences. The traditional unit included oral reading from the textbook, completing outlines, labeling diagrams, and correcting the outlines and diagrams as a class. The multisensory unit included five instructional stations established in different sections of the classroom to allow students to learn by: (a) manipulating Flip Chutes, (b) using Electroboards, (c) assembling Task Cards, (d) playing a kinesthetic Floor Game, and (e) reading an individual Programmed Learning Sequence. Audio tapes and scripts were provided at each location. Students circulated in groups of four from station to station. The data subjected to statistical analyses supported the use of a multisensory, rather than a traditional approach, for teaching science content that is above-grade level. T-tests revealed a positive and significant impact on achievement scores (p < 0.0007). No significance was detected on grade-level achievement nor on the perceptual-preference effect. Furthermore, the students indicated significantly more positive attitudes when instructed with a multisensory approach on either grade-level or above-grade level science content (p < 0.0001). The findings supported using a multisensory approach when teaching science concepts that are new to and difficult for students (Martini, 1986).

Roberts, Patrice Helen

481

Field experience in science for fifth grade students---a mixed methods study of learning environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this research is to compare students' perceptions of the learning environment in a traditional science classroom and a field study classroom. This mixed methods study used a sequential explanatory design. Phase one was the quantitative phase using two survey tools. A modified version of the "What is happening in this Classroom Survey" (WIHIC) (Fraser et al., 1996) and the "Test of Science Related Attitudes" (TOSRA) (Fraser, 1982) was administered to 60 fifth grade students from one school. Data was then disaggregated by socioeconomic class and ethnicity. Results from Phase one showed that students prefer the classroom for investigation and prefer the field environment for enjoyment of science. Differences in ethnicity and class were small but Hispanic students prefer the field for investigation and equity. Students that are low socio-economic class rank cooperation in the field higher than the classroom and students that do not qualify for free or reduced lunch prefer the field environment for enjoyment of science. Finally, there are strong correlations for the variables of cooperation, investigation, equity and enjoyment of science in both the classroom and the field environment. Questions raised from the analysis of the survey data were further explored through qualitative data collection methods in phase two. Student responses to three questions were coded using template analysis to provide answers to the "how and why" field experience effects students' attitudes toward science. Three themes emerged from the coding of the results. These results showed that students are physically engaged, develop a sense of place and learn skills in the field that reinforce concepts learned in the classroom. This information will help teachers in developing quality and meaningful experiences for all students. "Closing the gaps among minority groups while improving achievement of all students constitutes the dual goals of education in the nation" (Lee et al., 2004, p. 827) and the incorporation of field experience for science education can meet this goal.

Patterson, Barbara E.

482

Fourth and fifth grade Latino(a) students making meaning of scientific informational texts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using a socio-psycholinguistic perspective of literacy and a social-semiotic analysis of texts, this study investigates how six students made meaning of informational texts. The students came to school from a variety of English and Spanish language backgrounds. The research question being asked was 'How do Latino(a) fourth and fifth grade students make meaning of English informational texts?' Miscue analysis was used as a tool to investigate how students who have been labeled non-struggling readers by their classroom teacher and are from various language backgrounds approached five informational texts. In order to investigate students' responses to the nature of informational texts, this dissertation draws on commonly occurring structures within texts. Primary data collected included read alouds and retellings of five texts, retrospective miscue analysis, and interviews with six participant students. Two of these participants are discussed within this dissertation. Secondary data included classroom observations and teacher interviews. This study proposes that non-native speakers may use scientific concept placeholders as they transact with informational texts. The use of scientific concept placeholders by a reader indicates that the reader is engaged in the meaning making process and possesses evolving scientific knowledge about a phenomenon. The findings suggest that Latino(a) students' understandings of English informational texts is influenced not only by a student's language development but also (1) the nature of the text; (2) the reading strategies that a student uses, such as the use of placeholders; (3) the influence of the researcher during the aided retelling. This study contributes methodological tools to assess English language learners' reading. The conclusions presented within this study also support the idea that students from a variety of language backgrounds slightly altered their reliance on certain cuing systems as they encountered various sub-genres within an informational text. I conclude that reading assessment should account for how a student approaches different structural elements of a text.

Croce, Keri-Anne

483

Students' Conceptions About `Radiation': Results from an Explorative Interview Study of 9th Grade Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One basis of good teaching is to know about your students' preconceptions. Studies about typical ideas that students bring to the science classroom have been and continue to be a major field in science education research. This study aims to explore associations and ideas that students have regarding `radiation', a term widely used in various fields and necessary to understand fundamental ideas in science. In an explorative study, the perceptions of 50 high school students were examined using semi-structured interviews. The students were 14-16 years old and were chosen from 7 different high schools in an urban area in Austria. Following an interview guideline, students were asked about their general associations with the term `radiation' as well as about their general understanding of different types of radiation. A qualitative analysis of these interviews following the method of Flick (2009) revealed that the students' associations were, to a great extent, very different from the scientific use of the term. Several conceptions that could inhibit students' learning processes could be identified. Consequences for the teaching of the topic `radiation' in science lessons, which are based on these preconceptions, are presented in the conclusion.

Neumann, Susanne; Hopf, Martin

2012-12-01

484

Integrating mathematics and science for below-average ninth-grade students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was twofold: first to develop an integrated mathematics and science course for below average ninth grade students and second, to investigate the effect of this course on students performance in mathematics and science. Students' understanding of mathematics and science as tools in solving real world problems was also examined, as well as the effect of teaching methodologies on student performance. The procedure for the study involved the development and implementation by the investigator of an integrated course in mathematics and science. The content for the integrated course was based on the ninth grade Foundation of Mathematics and Science curricula. Two teaching methodologies were used during the study, the "experimental methodology," based on cooperative groups using inquiry and discovery learning; and the traditional methodology, based on lecture, homework review and practice. The population involved in the study consisted of ninety-four students in three classes in a New York City High School. Each class received a different combination of methodology and course of study: Group 1, received the regular Foundations courses taught separately but using the experimental methodology; group 2, received the integrated course with the traditional methodology, group 3 received the integrated course with the experimental methodology. The treatments lasted for seven weeks. Performance in mathematics and science was determined by three types of examinations in each subject. Performance in applications was determined by laboratory activities and special projects assigned during the study. The results indicate that there are some advantages to be gained by the integration of mathematics and science, particularly when it is used in conjunction with the "experimental methodology." The results showed that treatment group 3 performed significantly better than the other treatment groups. Treatment group 3 also performed significantly better on the laboratory activities and special projects that determined students understanding of real world problems. The results suggest that the most effective approach to teaching mathematics and science for below average students maybe an integrated curriculum and the "experimental methodology."

Wiltshire, Michael A.

485

Medical and pharmacy students' perceptions of the grading and assessment practices  

PubMed Central

Many students at the University of Namibia have frequently complained about ineffective assessment practices used at the institution. On many occasions, these complaints have not been substantiated with evidence of any kind. The purpose of this study was to obtain some empirical evidence that would ascertain undergraduate students' perceptions of the University of Namibia's grading and assessment practices. Using a structured scaled questionnaire, data were obtained from a representative sample of the University's undergraduate students studying for Medical and Pharmacy degrees. The questionnaire items covered matters related to students' experiences of assessment practices, feedback on assessment tasks, reliability and validity of assessment tools used by lecturers, efficacy of processes of administering examinations, perceptions of irregular and unfair assessment practices, impact of assessment regimes on students' cost of studies, motivation, morale, rate of progression in studies and graduation, the degree of compliance with assessment ethics and on academic quality assurance. According to the data reported in this article, the majority of the respondents perceived that the Schools of Medicine and Pharmacy at the University of Namibia applied assessment practices that yielded reliable and valid results. This was the case because most lecturers in the two schools used appropriate assessment tools and provided their students with prompt and informative feedback on the results of assignments, tests and examinations. In addition, most respondents reported that whereas examination procedures used in the two schools were efficient and effective, lecturers graded examination scripts fairly. These and other results are discussed in the article to communicate the message that the assessment procedures used in the Schools of Medicine and Pharmacy at the University of Namibia would promote effective learning and understanding amongst students as they were of high quality.

Kasanda, C. D.; Mitonga, K. H.; Veii, K.; Zimba, R. F.

2013-01-01

486

Grade 5 Students' Online Argumentation about Their In-Class Inquiry Investigations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examined the extent to which fifth-grade students participate in online argumentation and the argument patterns they produced about the inquiry-based investigations completed using the Science Writing Heuristic approach in their science classes. One hundred twenty-nine students from five classes of two teachers in a Midwestern public school completed two inquiry-based investigation units, one per semester, followed by asynchronous online discussions using the Moodle forum. Among the 129 students, 107 students produced 739 notes in the plant investigation online discussion and 111 students produced 686 notes in the human health investigation online discussion. Results indicate that students were actively engaged in the online discussions about inquiry investigations with comments being focused on providing more evidence and backing for claims and negotiating evidence in both investigations. The students also engaged in challenging and querying the test procedures and reference sources as the basis for evidence. Implications are discussed for science teaching and learning and further study on argument-based inquiry in online environments.

Choi, Aeran; Hand, Brian; Norton-Meier, Lori

2014-04-01

487

Grade 5 Students' Online Argumentation about Their In-Class Inquiry Investigations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examined the extent to which fifth-grade students participate in online argumentation and the argument patterns they produced about the inquiry-based investigations completed using the Science Writing Heuristic approach in their science classes. One hundred twenty-nine students from five classes of two teachers in a Midwestern public school completed two inquiry-based investigation units, one per semester, followed by asynchronous online discussions using the Moodle forum. Among the 129 students, 107 students produced 739 notes in the plant investigation online discussion and 111 students produced 686 notes in the human health investigation online discussion. Results indicate that students were actively engaged in the online discussions about inquiry investigations with comments being focused on providing more evidence and backing for claims and negotiating evidence in both investigations. The students also engaged in challenging and querying the test procedures and reference sources as the basis for evidence. Implications are discussed for science teaching and learning and further study on argument-based inquiry in online environments.

Choi, Aeran; Hand, Brian; Norton-Meier, Lori

2013-09-01

488

Achieving fruit, juice, and vegetable recipe preparation goals influences consumption by 4th grade students  

PubMed Central

Background Including children in food preparation activities has long been recommended as a method to encourage children's consumption, but has not been evaluated. Goal setting is also a common component of behavior change programs. This study assessed the impact of attaining goals to prepare fruit-juice or vegetable recipes on student fruit and vegetable consumption as part of a 10-week fruit and vegetable intervention for fourth grade students. Methods At six of the 10 sessions, students (n = 671) selected a fruit-juice or vegetable recipe to prepare at home before the next session. Students returned parent-signed notes reporting their child's goal attainment. Baseline and post consumption were assessed with up to four days of dietary recalls. Analyses included regression models predicting post consumption from the number of fruit-juice or vegetable recipe preparation goals attained, controlling for baseline consumption. Results In general, girls and Hispanic students achieved the most recipe preparation goals. For students with highest baseline fruit-juice consumption, post fruit-juice consumption was higher by about 1.0 serving for those achieving 2 or 3 fruit-juice recipe preparation goals. Post vegetable consumption was highest for students reporting the highest baseline vegetable consumption and who achieved two or three vegetable recipe preparation goals. In general, recipe goal setting was a useful procedure primarily for those with high baseline consumption. Conclusion This is one of the first reports demonstrating that home recipe preparation was correlated with dietary change among children.

Cullen, Karen W; Watson, Kathy B; Zakeri, Issa; Baranowski, Tom; Baranowski, Janice H

2007-01-01

489

Visual Representations of DNA Replication: Middle Grades Students' Perceptions and Interpretations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Visual representations play a critical role in the communication of science concepts for scientists and students alike. However, recent research suggests that novice students experience difficulty extracting relevant information from representations. This study examined students' interpretations of visual representations of DNA replication. Each of the four steps of DNA replication included in the instructional presentation was represented as a text slide, a simple 2D graphic, and a rich 3D graphic. Participants were middle grade girls ( n = 21) attending a summer math and science program. Students' eye movements were measured as they viewed the representations. Participants were interviewed following instruction to assess their perceived salient features. Eye tracking fixation counts indicated that the same features (look zones) in the corresponding 2D and 3D graphics had different salience. The interviews revealed that students used different characteristics such as color, shape, and complexity to make sense of the graphics. The results of this study have implications for the design of instructional representations. Since many students have difficulty distinguishing between relevant and irrelevant information, cueing and directing student attention through the instructional representation could allow cognitive resources to be directed to the most relevant material.

Patrick, Michelle D.; Carter, Glenda; Wiebe, Eric N.

2005-09-01

490

A Teaching Model for Scaffolding 4th Grade Students' Scientific Explanation Writing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Improving students scientific explanations is one major goal of science education. Both writing activities and concept mapping are reported as effective strategies for enhancing student learning of science. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a teaching model, named the DCI model, which integrates a Descriptive explanation writing activity, Concept mapping, and an Interpretive explanation writing activity, is introduced in a 4th grade science class to see if it would improve students' scientific explanations and understanding. A quasi-experimental design, including a non-randomized comparison group and a pre- and post-test design, was adopted for this study. An experimental group of 25 students were taught using the DCI teaching model, while a comparison group received a traditional lecture teaching. A rubric and content analysis was used to assess students' scientific explanations. The independent sample t test was used to measure difference in conceptual understanding between the two groups, before and after instruction. Then, the paired t test analysis was used to understand the promotion of the DCI teaching model. The results showed that students in the experimental group performed better than students in the comparison group, both in scientific concept understanding and explanation. Suggestions for using concept mapping and writing activities (the DCI teaching model) in science classes are provided in this study.

Yang, Hsiu-Ting; Wang, Kuo-Hua

2013-12-01

491

Dual processing and discourse space: Exploring fifth grade students' language, reasoning, and understanding through writing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to explore the development of students' understanding through writing while immersed in an environment where there was a strong emphasis on a language-based argument inquiry approach. Additionally, this study explored students' spoken discourse to gain a better understanding of what role(s) talking plays in the development of understanding through writing. Finally, the study proposed a new concept of Discourse Space, which enabled researchers to improve their understanding of the characteristics of the development of student cognition through writing, and of the roles talking plays in cognitive development through writing. This study was guided by the research question: What patterns of the development of fifth grade students' cognition over time emerge in their private and public negotiations under a teacher who is ranked as a low-level implementer of the SWH approach? This question was divided into two sub-questions: (a) Throughout a unit, Ecosystems, what patterns emerge regarding the development of six fifth grade students' understanding through writing, and b) What patterns of the development of Discourse Space emerge through talking in three different contexts. In order to answer these questions, this qualitative research employed a generic qualitative study. Twenty-one fifth grade students participated in this study, and six students were purposefully selected through which to further investigate the development of an understanding of science through private negotiation while immersed in a language-based argument inquiry approach. Major data sources included students' writing samples, informal conversations with the teacher, researcher's field notes, and classroom videos. Additionally, the teacher's modified RTOP scores and semi-structured interviews were used to deepen the contextual understanding of the learning environment and the teacher's instructional performance. The data analysis was conducted by utilizing discourse analysis of writing and talking. The results showed (1) students' low level of engagement in evaluation impacted their reasoning and use of sources for making meanings, as well as their understanding of the topic. Compared to the results of a previous study, students' complexity of reasoning was relatively less developed, and similarly students' use of reflective sources was generally observed relatively less often. (2) The teacher and students in this study engaged in limited public negotiation, which focused more on articulating than on evaluating ideas. The limited public negotiation that was represented by the dialogical patterns in this study cannot support the development of understanding through writing or the practice of the roles of constructor and critiquer, which play a core function in the comprehension of scientific practice. This study has several implications for teacher education and research. Teacher education needs to be centered more on how to encourage students' engagement in the process of evaluation, since this plays an important function not only in the development of understanding, but also in providing opportunities to perform the roles of both constructor and critiquer. Teachers can use writing as an argumentative activity to encourage or foster students' engagement in the process of evaluation or critique. Additionally, this study provides insight into the importance of the learning environment in which the teacher and students create and develop; this learning environment needs to provide not only opportunities but also demands for students to engage in both constructing and critiquing ideas.

Yoon, Sae Yeol

492

It's All Connected: The Power of Proportional Reasoning to Understand Mathematics Concepts, Gr. 6-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"It's All Connected" provides teachers of mathematics the support they need to improve their instruction. This in-demand collection of lessons for grades 6-8 explores proportionality, proportional relationships, and proportional reasoning, acknowledging that the ability to reason proportionally is crucial in the middle school mathematics…

Whitman, Carmen

2011-01-01

493

29 CFR 6.8 - Transmission of record.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 6.8 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEEDINGS ENFORCING LABOR STANDARDS IN FEDERAL AND FEDERALLY ASSISTED CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS AND FEDERAL SERVICE CONTRACTS General § 6.8...

2013-07-01

494

Grades and Grading Practices: Obstacles to Improving Education and to Helping At-Risk Student. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second edition contains updated and refreshed material on the problems caused by the current grading system and contains new information on assessment, standards, and social promotion. The chapters are: (1) Overview; (2) History of Grades; (3) Myths about Grades; (4) Normal Variation in Academic Ability; (5) The Lock-Step Curriculum; (6) The…

Hargis, Charles H.

495

The Effect of Demonstrator Gender on Wind Instrument Preferences of Kindergarten, Third-Grade, and Fifth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined possible influences of demonstrator gender on children's instrument choices. Participants (N = 104) included boys (n = 53) and girls ( n = 51) in fifth grade (n = 27), third grade (n = 41), and kindergarten (n = 36) in six intact music classes from a single elementary school. Pretest and posttest consisted of circling (Grades 3…

Killian, Janice N.; Satrom, Shauna L.

2011-01-01

496

Reading between the Lines: Contributing Factors that Affect Grade 5 Student Reading Performance as Measured across South Africa's 11 Languages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on the South African results of a study to identify and explain relationships between some major factors associated with successful reading at Grade 5. With 11 official languages, educational policy in South Africa advocates an additive bilingualism model, and students in Grades 1 to 3 are taught in their mother tongue.…

van Staden, Surette; Howie, Sarah

2012-01-01

497

Effects of Grading Leniency and Low Workload on Students' Evaluations of Teaching: Popular Myth, Bias, Validity, or Innocent Bystanders?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses two studies that debunk the popular myths that student evaluations of teaching (SETs) are substantially biased by low workload and grading leniency. Results imply teaching effects were related to SETs. Contrary to predictions workload, expected grades, and their relations to SETs were stable over 12 years. (Author/MKA)

Marsh, Herbert W.; Roche, Lawrence A.

2000-01-01

498

Virginia Standards of Learning (Grades 6 through 12) That Are Covered When Students Attend Live Performances of Shakespeare's Plays.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines Standards of Learning for grades 6-12 students in Virginia that are covered when they attend live performances of William Shakespeare's plays. The paper details separate standards for each grade in English, subdivided into standards which fulfill requirements in Oral Language, Reading/Literature, Writing, and Research, along…

Brookshire, Cathy A.

499

An Evaluation of Teachers' Perceptions of Teaching Social Skills to Fifth Grade Students within the Scope of Social Studies Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose was to evaluate teachers' perceptions of teaching social skills to Fifth grade students using social studies lessons. The survey model has been used as a research method. The 5th grade teachers working in elementary schools in Canakkale province included in the scope of the study have been interviewed and a questionnaire has been…

Sahin, Cavus

2010-01-01

500

The Relationship between Developmental Tonal Aptitude and Singing Achievement among Kindergarten, First-, Second-, and Third-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between singing achievement and developmental tonal aptitude for students in kindergarten through third grade. In addition, we investigated whether singing achievement differs according to grade level or school setting. Subjects (N = 162) were randomly selected kindergarten, first-,…

Hornbach, Christina M.; Taggart, Cynthia C.

2005-01-01