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1

This article gives the results of a study among 685 students in grades 6, 8 and 10 in the Netherlands to whom we administered grade-appropriate measures of reading comprehension and vocabulary knowledge in their native language (NL), Dutch, as well as, in grades 8 and 10, in English as a foreign language (EFL). All students answered the same questionnaire on

Rob Schoonen; Jan Hulstijn; Bart Bossers

1998-01-01

2

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This MathPARTNERS unit contains seven lessons with hands-on learning activities for exploring statistics and probability with students in grades 6-8. The lessons, designed for mentoring situations, may also be helpful for teachers and parents. Each lesson with reproducible student materials, features an overview of the mathematics, preparation guidelines, teaching tips, and suggestions for how to use each activity to develop specific mathematics concepts. Statistics activities focus on posing questions, data gathering, identifying bias, understanding measures of central tendency, representing data with graphs, and interpreting data. Probability activities introduce fairness in games and the computation of probability. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Center, Education D.

2003-01-01

3

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With this virtual manipulative, the student can explore the meaning of place value and grouping. Work can be done in bases from two to ten, and the number of decimal places displayed can be adjusted. Problems come in two types. Sort and group problems challenge the student to place units, longs, flats, and cubes into the appropriate place value columns on the work space. The other problem type asks the student to represent a number using the four varieties of blocks. When the blocks are grouped correctly to represent a number, the number is displayed. The student may clear the workspace to start over on a problem or click a button for a new challenge. Instructions for using the manipulative, information about bases and place value, and a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) grades 6-8 standard for algebra are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

4

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative offers the student an opportunity to develop spatial sense and the ability to model ideas using mathematics. In seven activities, the student models shapes with cubes and observes patterns related to surface area of a solid. Activities involve forming largest and smallest solids using eight blocks and determining which of three networks of squares decorated with colors and shapes can be folded to form a given cube. This manipulative provides two user controls. The student may clear the workspace to start over on an activity or use a zoom slide to adjust the size of the cubes. Instructions for using the manipulative and a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) grades 6-8 standard for algebra are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

5

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative enables students to construct scatterplots to visualize the relationship between two variables. Students click on a point on a grid to enter data. The manipulative displays a red regression line that approximates the set of indicated points. A yellow dot indicates the mean value for the data. The number of points, the average x and y values, the correlation coefficient, and the equation for the regression line appear on the screen. Instructions for using the manipulative, a suggested activity, a lesson plan, and a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standard for data analysis and probability are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

6

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative enables the student to construct histograms to summarize data. A histogram divides the range of values in a data set into intervals. Each interval is shown as a rectangle whose area represents the percentage of data values in the interval. Students enter data into a table and the manipulative displays histogram and notes minimum and maximum data values, median and average, number in the data set, and standard deviation. The interval width is adjustable and displayed. Features enable the user to order the data values and display a histogram of data. Instructions for using the manipulative and a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standard for data analysis and probability are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

7

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative demonstrates the first five stages of a Sierpinski Carpet-like fractal. At each stage the middle one-ninth of each square purple area is transformed to gold, resulting in progressively smaller self-similar patterns of gold and purple. There is a function that reports the percentage of gold at any stage of iteration, even beyond what can be shown with the manipulative. Repeated use of the percentage reporting key can lead into a discussion of limit. Instructions for using the manipulative, discussion and explorations ideas, and a link to the NCTM standard for geometry grades 6-8 are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2005-01-01

8

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This assessment material is designed to help the mentor determine what a grade 6-8 student understands about statistics and probability. The material contains a set of seven short assessment activities that require the use of paper and pens. Also found is an inventory for use by the student's classroom teacher and a mentor planning guide. Answers to assessment questions are correlated to specific activities available in the related instructional unit. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Center, Education D.

2003-01-01

9

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working in teams of four, students build a tetrahedral kite following a specific set of directions and using specific provided materials. Students use basic processes of manufacturing systems-- cutting, shaping, forming, conditioning, assembling, joining, finishing, and quality control--to manufacture a complete tetrahedral kite within a given…

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

10

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this activity, students investigate the accuracy of sundials and the discrepancy that lies between "real time" and "clock time". The position of the sun is tracked over the course of a relatively short period of time as students make a shadow plot, a horizontal sundial, and a diptych sundial. This activity requires 90-minutes over several weeks…

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

11

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative challenges students to solve number puzzles using one- and two-digit addition. Each puzzle requires students to arrange a given set of numbers on either a triangular or square grid so that sides or the rows, columns, and diagonals add up to a given number. Students are able to check their answers on the web site, which includes instructions for using the applet, a description of related activities, and information for parents and teachers. There is also a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Standard for Number and Operations. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

12

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative offers two modes for examining the patterns of multiples found on a grid displaying the numbers 2-200. In one mode, the student clicks a number on the grid, turning it red and removing all multiples of the number from the grid. This process can be repeated until only prime numbers remain. In the other mode, the student highlights one or two numbers, with multiples of the first turning red and the second blue. In both modes, number patterns and relationships can be observed. Instructions for use, student activities, and information about the applet for parents and teachers are included, along with a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Standard for Number and Operations. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

13

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using this online manipulative, students can graph one to three functions on the same window, trace the function paths to see coordinates, and zoom in on a region of the graph. Function parameters can be varied as can the domain and range of the display. Tabs allow the student to incorporate fractions, powers, and roots into their functions. Instructions for using the manipulative and a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standard for algebra are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

14

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this activity, students reinforce an antenna tower made from foam insulation so that it can withstand a 480 N-cm bending moment (torque) and a 280 N-cm twisting moment (torque) with minimal deflection. One class period is used to discuss the problem, run the initial bending and torsion tests, and graph the results. The second class is used for…

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

15

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about how to answer a scientific or engineering question. Learners will refine the scientific question they generated in Lesson 5 so that it can be answered by data and/or modeling, brainstorm possible solutions for the scientific question chosen, determine reasonableness of solutions, use concept maps to enhance meaningful learning. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, two Vocabulary Cards, and a concept map supplement. This is lesson 6 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

16

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative challenges the learner to find the prime factors for a pair of numbers. The factors for each number are displayed in a tree diagram from which the student drags the factors to the appropriate areas of a Venn diagram. The Venn diagram offers a useful visual display showing unique factors and common factors for the original pair of numbers. Using the display, the learner must find the pair's least common multiple (LCM) and greatest common factor (GCF). Buttons allow users to check their answers and select new problems. Instructions for using the manipulative are included, along with information about factoring. The site also links to the NCTM standard for number and operations. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

17

E-print Network

USDA Â­ Ag in the Classroom-www.agclassroom.org Prairie Scavenger Hunt-Grades 6-8: T-1 Prairie Scavenger Hunt Overview While visiting the Listening to the Prairie exhibition, students will search-www.agclassroom.org Prairie Scavenger Hunt-Grades 6-8: T-2 by replacing native grasses with profitable grains and legumes

Mathis, Wayne N.

18

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site contains descriptions and links to more than 60 virtual manipulatives, activities designed to function as concept tutorials. The virtual manipulatives, mostly in the form of Java applets, are designed to facilitate grades 6-8 mathematics learning. By encouraging active student exploration with computers, the virtual manipulatives can help students visualize mathematical relationships. They are organized into five categories based on the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Standards: number and operations; algebra; geometry; measurement; and data analysis and probability. For this 6-8 grade range, manipulatives focus on developing concepts with activities such as factoring numbers using a tree diagram, exploring functions with an interactive function machine, and working with the Platonic solids. Student activities and lesson plans accompany many of the virtual manipulatives, each of which is linked to an explanation of the relevant NCTM Standards. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

19

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' (NCTM's) Process Standards support teaching that helps students develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every middle grades math teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. The series offers friendly,…

O'Connell, Susan; Croskey, Suzanne G.

2008-01-01

20

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Delaware state content standards booklet for teaching grades 6-8 social studies in Delaware public schools begins with a one page chart outlining information for the disciplines of civics, economics, geography, and U.S. history. The booklet addresses standards for civics, lists end of cluster expectations for the end of grade eight, and cites…

Delaware State Dept. of Public Instruction, Dover.

21

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers tend to instruct topically, which requires the student to use multiple and interconnected concepts to succeed in each instructional unit. Therefore, it is beneficial to combine research on related concepts to form topic driven instruments to better assist teachers in assessing and instructing students. Chemical and physical change as a…

Christian, Brittany N.; Yezierski, Ellen J.

2012-01-01

22

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide, part of a social science learning continuum from first through twelfth grades, contains outlines for two-semester social studies courses for grades 6, 7, and 8. The courses focus on the geographic setting, history, and cultures of the Americans and the need for inter-American cooperation. The guides for each course contain three…

Best, Karen; And Others

23

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains a set of 12 lessons for middle school students that demonstrate how mathematical processes and concepts may be applied to the study of economics and personal finance. Mathematics educators can find lessons connecting mathematics instruction to practical problems and issues that students encounter throughout their life. The…

Hoff, Jody; McCorkle, Sarapage; Suiter, Mary; Bettendorf, James; Breidenbach, Lisa; Cornwell, Pamela

24

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about size and scale of the solar system. Learners will review the structure, content and size of the Solar System. This lesson is designed using the 5E instructional model and includes: teacher training, unit pacing guides, essential questions, a black-line master science notebook, a student presentation booklet, supplemental materials, and vocabulary for both students and teachers. This is lesson 1 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

25

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using this online manipulative, students can graph one to three functions in the same window, trace the function paths to see coordinates, and zoom in on a region of the graph. Function parameters can be varied as can the domain and range of the display. Tabs allow the student to incorporate fractions, powers, and roots into their functions. Instructions for using the manipulative and a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standard for number and operations are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

26

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this activity, students build a city out of sugar cubes, bouillon cubes, and gelatin cubes. The city is then put through simulated earthquakes to see which cube structures withstand the shaking the best. This activity requires a 50-minute time period for completion. (Author/SOE)

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

27

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rube Goldberg is famous for his very complex machines that accomplish everyday tasks. In this activity, students design and build a Rube Goldberg machine that will accomplish a simple task in no less than 10 steps. This activity requires a 120-360 minute time period for completion. (Author/SOE)

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

28

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about spacecraft structure and design. Learners will investigate probes and rovers to learn how they are built, learn about the propulsion, navigation, controls and daily handling of spacecraft, gather, and analyze data from multiple sources on the internet, understand how rovers communicate with Earth. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, two Vocabulary Cards, a Vocabulary Toolbox and four workstation handouts. This is lesson 9 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

29

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many different types of air quality can be studied in middle school science classes using available supplies. This grade 6-8 activity guide was developed to provide opportunities for children to learn about the issue of air quality. Sixteen hands-on activities integrate the issue into middle school science classes. A chart categorizes the…

Reed, Elizabeth W., Ed.

30

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This new addition to Math Solutions "Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class series" offers a wealth of lessons and strategies for modifying grades 6-8 instruction. Section I presents an overview of teaching math to English learners: the research, the challenges, the linguistic demands of a math lesson, and specific strategies and…

Melanese, Kathy; Chung, Luz; Forbes, Cheryl

2011-01-01

31

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' (NCTM's) Process Standards support teaching that helps students develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every middle grades math teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. The series offers friendly,…

Schackow, Joy Bronston; O'Connell, Susan

2008-01-01

32

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to grow into a 2-inch three-ring binder, this handbook is part of a series for teachers of grades 6-8 language arts. The handbook aims to clarify some points, to provide a framework for new teachers and to give veteran teachers some new ideas. Volume I contains activities to use in the classroom, and Volume II is "all about books." The…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Instructional Services.

33

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Weiss, E.; Skene, J.; Tran, L.

2011-12-01

34

E-print Network

USDA Â­ Ag in the Classroom-www.agclassroom.org Just Passing Through-Grades 6-8: T-1 Just Passing in the Classroom-www.agclassroom.org Just Passing Through-Grades 6-8: T-2 9. Red and black marking pens 10. pH Test bottom (above curve) of the 2L bottle. 3. Turn the bottle over so it looks like a funnel and place

Mathis, Wayne N.

35

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this technical report, we describe the results of a study of mathematics items written to align with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in grades 6-8. In each grade, CCSS items were organized into forms, and the reliability of these forms was evaluated along with an experimental form including items aligned with the National Council of…

Anderson, Daniel; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

36

E-print Network

HANDBOOK FOR STUDENTS GRADE APPEALS STUDENT GRIEVANCES Prepared by The Dispute Resolution Board the process for addressing your concerns. Formal complaints for grade appeals or student grievances are heard before a formal complaint is filed. GRADE APPEALS Â· If you think the final grade given for a class

Ravikumar, B.

37

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of three in the "Skills for Life: Library Information Literacy" series designed to cover the entire curriculum from kindergarten through grade 12. The looseleaf notebook format allows librarians or teachers to add material in connection with different topics. This volume is devoted to the middle school grades 6 through 8, a…

Kibbey, Marsha, Ed.

38

E-print Network

Student Grade Notification Letter M1 students, This is a notification that the number; M1,Biochemistry,Exam1 End Bluestem or Local Session Back to student grade report page Your Score = 43 MPL = 34.0 Maximum Points = 66 Mean = 48.1 Median = 49 Standard Deviation = 6.4 Students = 190 y

Alford, Simon

39

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this activity, students conduct several simple lab activities to learn about the five fundamental load types that can act on structures: tension, compression, shear, bending, and torsion. In Part One, students play the role of molecules in a beam subject to various loading schemes. In Part Two, students break foam insulation blocks by applying…

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

40

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA CONNECT is a research-, inquiry, and standards-based, integrated mathematics, science, and technology series of 30-minute instructional distance learning (television and web-based) programs for students in grades 6 8. Respondents who evaluated the programs in the series over the first five seasons (1998-99 through 2002-03) reported that (1) they used the programs in the series; (2) the goals and objectives for the series were met; (3) the programs were aligned with the national mathematics, science, and technology standards; (4) the program content was developmentally appropriate for the grade level; and (5) the programs in the series enhanced and enriched the teaching of mathematics, science, and technology.

Glassman, Nanci A.; Perry, Jeannine B.; Giersch, Christopher E.; Lambert, Matthew A.; Pinelli, Thomas E.

2004-01-01

41

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Middle school students consolidate their understanding of integers and rational numbers, increasing their facility with fractions, decimals, and percents and encountering proportionality. This book shows how students can explore these important ideas in such diverse activities as exchanging currency and using area models to develop algorithms for…

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 2006

2006-01-01

42

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collecting, processing, and using assessment data to form instruction for each student can be overwhelming--especially with so much diversity in the classroom. Help is here, with this hands-on guide that brings together the two leading approaches to teaching students of varying abilities: Response to Instruction and Intervention (RTI) and…

O'Meara, Jodi

2011-01-01

43

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this activity, students work with specified materials to create aqueduct components to transport two liters of water across a short distance in the classroom. The goal is to build an aqueduct that will supply Aqueductis, a Roman city, with clean water for private homes, public baths, and glorious fountains. By introducing various ideas and…

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

44

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the role of gender and grade level on middle school students' statistical literacy. The study was conducted in the spring semester of the 2012-2013 academic year with 598 middle-school students (grades 6-8) from three public schools in Turkey. The data were collected using the Statistical Literacy Test, developed based on…

Yolcu, Ayse

2014-01-01

45

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this technical report is to document the piloting and scaling of new easyCBM mathematics test items aligned with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and to describe the process used to revise and supplement the 2012 research version easyCBM CCSS math tests in Grades 6-8. For all operational 2012 research version test forms (10…

Anderson, Daniel; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

46

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity packet provides educators with a series of hands-on interdisciplinary classroom and outdoor education activities for grades 6-8 that focus on geology and prehistoric life at Cliffs of the Neuse State Park, North Carolina. The packet was designed to meet established curriculum objectives of the North Carolina Department of Public…

47

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Singletary Lake State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets curriculum objectives of the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are included:…

Sessoms, James D.

48

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Hammocks Beach State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets curriculum objectives of the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are included:…

Bland, Samuel S.

49

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Hammocks Beach State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets the curriculum objectives of the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are…

Bland, Samuel S.

50

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative exploratory case study was to determine the pedagogical value of Wiki technology-enhanced instruction for middle grade students. The sample consisted of three Wiki projects representative of work from 6th, 7th, and 8th grade middle school students. The examination of the data collected from the three samples of Wiki…

Harper, Debra Ann

2012-01-01

51

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes a social statistics class that engaged in self-grading. Students liked self-grading because they identified their own mistakes, it reinforced what they learned, and they received immediate feedback. Some students worried that others would cheat, but this assertion was not confirmed in the data and the possibility of cheating…

Edwards, Nelta M.

2007-01-01

52

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pascal Keller, a student during his exams for general qualification for university entrance, recently set up a Long Wavelength Array (LWA) antenna and a Callisto system to observe solar radio burst activity in his back yard (figure 1) in Eschenbach, Switzerland. The antenna, spectrometer and software were provided on loan by Institute for Astronomy, ETH Zurich. On the first observation day he observed his 1st light, a type II solar radio burst and some type III bursts. His aim is now to compare this LWA observation with others from the e-Callisto network, which is composed of different antenna types and different antenna sizes as well different locations worldwide. His first four observations on 6 and 8 June 2014 are presented in figures 2 to 5 and associated tables 1 to 4.

Monstein, Christian

2014-05-01

53

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared college course grade outcomes, both during and after high school, of dual-enrollment students to those of traditional students. The study was based on a large, multiyear sample of Iowa high school and community college students. The results showed that while in high school, dual-enrollment students consistently outperformed…

Crouse, Jill D.; Allen, Jeff

2014-01-01

54

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Power of Probability" is a new math program aligned with the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) and Common Core State Standards, which gives students opportunities to practice their skills and knowledge of the mathematics of probability. Developed by The Actuarial Foundation, the program's lessons and worksheets motivate…

Actuarial Foundation, 2013

2013-01-01

55

E-print Network

and meat products. Students will see that animal agriculture is an important part of their everyday lives. understand the importance of animal agriculture in their everyday lives Materials 1. Background Information products such as chewing gum. People depend on cattle for ingredients in many food products. "What do beef

Mathis, Wayne N.

56

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activities booklet focuses on the story of Alaska's state flag. The booklet is for use in teaching middle school students. Each activity contains: background information, a summary and time estimate, Alaska state standards, a step-by-step technique for classroom implementation of the activity, assessment tips, materials and resources needed,…

Alaska State Museum, Juneau.

57

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity is designed to teach about topographic maps and bathymetric charts. Students are expected to create a topographic map from a model landform, interpret a simple topographic map, and explain the difference between topographic and bathymetric maps. The activity provides learning objectives, a list of needed materials, key vocabulary…

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (DOC), Rockville, MD.

58

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Earth School model for creation of partnerships between university scientists and public schools began with a traditional research project involving the study of macroinvertebrate recolonization of agriculturally based restored wetlands. From fieldwork designed to address hypotheses of community composition over time, protocols and equipment evolved for application in middle-school classrooms. In addition to classroom teachers guiding their students in replicating active scientific research, the inclusion of a science partner was key to the success of this model. To ensure that the classroom teachers were themselves comfortable as researchers, monthly staff development workshops were conducted as a component of the Earth School model. The use of entomology as a unifying theme for educational scientific investigation lets the student explore virtually every other system in the biosphere. Because of the unparalleled survivability and adaptability of insects, we can find examples from all biomes, all time references and all disciplines. Over the course of long-term continuous exploration, learners become familiar with relationships and patterns evident in natural situations. These same patterns of birth, growth and decay are much more vividly demonstrated in the field than in textbooks. Similarly, concrete examples of feeding relationships between organisms are plentiful in nearly any outdoor situation. The following model incorporates current research from multiple scientific disciplines but focuses on the many and varied research activities offered by the entomological community. Teachers and students in a primarily urban setting made extensive use of the materials developed through the course of this model's development. Their feedback as the materials were integrated into an established curriculum allowed for the fine-tuning of activity development. A conversion template has evolved that gives teachers, curriculum directors, parents and other educators a simple mechanism for adapting the work of leading researchers into activities suitable for all age levels and all learning abilities. As public schools rally to change the course of science education, they are met with a seemingly never-ending supply of materials promoted as hands-on learning. To the extent that the manipulation of tangible objects and materials supports identified outcome objectives, these materials fulfill their promise. Although there is merit in offering these types of kinesthetic experiences to reinforce theories and principles of science, this approach does not address the same goal as activities that promote 'doing science' through investigation and discovery using a process that includes observation, inquiry, design and collaboration. The active recruiting of and collaboration with science partners from universities offers public school teachers and their students an alternative for curriculum enrichment as the nation strives to reach literacy goals in the sciences.

Marshall, Bethany Johnston

59

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The habit of reading develops over a period of time. This study explored reading habits across a wide range of students. An open-ended survey of reading habits involved 242 participants from grades 1, 4, 6, 8, 11, undergraduate non-education majors, undergraduate elementary majors, and graduate reading majors. As data were analyzed, themes emerged…

Camp, Deanne

2007-01-01

60

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic officers at U.S. colleges and universities face a number of important decisions regarding how credits and grades earned overseas as part of a study abroad program should be incorporated into students' home academic records. The purpose of this article is to take a closer look at the way grades are handled at home institutions and the way…

Trooboff, Stevan; Cressey, William; Monty, Susan

2004-01-01

61

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grades are important for admission of students in most higher education programs. Analyzing admission and student performance data at a major Norwegian business school, we find that the grading practice of teachers at regional colleges sending students to the school is affected by the average performance of the students being graded. Teachers at…

Moen, Jarle; Tjelta, Martin

2010-01-01

62

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents findings from food frequency questionnaires and surveys of 138 Midwestern eighth-grade student-parent pairs. The study examined the incidence of modifiable and nonmodifiable osteoporosis risk factors and compared gender differences. Data analysis indicated that many adolescents possessed several modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors…

Lysen, Victoria C.; Walker, Robert

1997-01-01

63

E-print Network

requires energy, they can tap into the stored sugar energy using a process called cellular respiration. Cellular respiration refers to the process of converting the chemical energy of organic moleculesThermal Biology in Yellowstone National Park 6-8Photosynthesis and Respiration of Microscopic Life

64

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the widespread growth of broadband Internet access, teachers, and in many cases, schools and school districts are transitioning from traditional paper-based grade books to student accessible online (Web-based) grade books. Online grade books offer students 24/7, on demand access to grades and various other student data, and have the potential…

2010-01-01

65

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few researchers have addressed student achievement outcomes as a function of grade configurations for older elementary-aged students. Thus, this study was designed to determine differences between students' Grade 5 reading and mathematics achievement in elementary schools (K-5) as compared to intermediate schools (Grade 5, 5-6) for 5 academic…

Combs, Julie P.; Clark, David; Moore, George W.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Edmonson, Stacey L.; Slate, John R.

2011-01-01

66

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aims of this cross-grade study were (1) to determine the level of understanding of energy concepts of students at different academic grades and the differences in understanding between these grades and (2) to analyse the conceptual development of these students. Two hundred and forty-three students at 3 different levels (high school,…

Saglam-Arslan, Aysegul

2010-01-01

67

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many criticisms have been launched against grades in general because of their perceived failure to portray student achievement accurately. In many instances, these criticisms are just. But, if student grades are reflections of measurable instructional obj

Christmann, Edwin P.; Badgett, John L.

2008-11-01

68

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students enter college exceedingly confident that they will earn high grades and engage themselves fully in their courses. However, students' grades and academic behaviors often do not match their expectations. This is especially true in introductory science courses, where grades and academic engagement are often low, even in courses taught by…

Jensen, Philip A.; Moore, Randy

2008-01-01

69

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study presented here was designed to further the understanding of black student performance in biracial, academic settings. The purpose of the research was to assess the association between black students' perceptions of prejudice among white instructors and grade deflection (discrepancy between grade expected and grade received) in the…

Thompson, Maxine S.; Michel, Jerry B.

70

This study was designed to examine the effects of concept mapping on science achievement of middle grade science students. Concept mapping is a graphic display of concepts and the relationships or links among them. A concept map represents the students' understanding of a body of knowledge. The subjects were one hundred eighty-two eighth grade students, distributed into eight intact earth

2000-01-01

71

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the 9th-grade students' understandings of the nature of scientific knowledge. The study also aimed to investigate the differences in students' understanding of the nature of scientific knowledge by gender, and school types. A total of 575 ninth grade students from four different school types (General…

Kilic, Kerem; Sungur, Semra; Cakiroglu, Jale; Tekkaya, Ceren

2005-01-01

72

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection offer a comprehensive analysis of the challenges of communicating effectively about student achievement. Discussions of concepts related to grading and reporting progress are mixed with practical advice. The chapters are: (1) "Grading Practices; An Overview of the Issues" (Beverly P. Farr); (2) "Why Do We Grade--and…

Trumbull, Elise, Ed.; Farr, Beverly, Ed.

73

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Jones Lake State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets curriculum objectives in the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are included:…

Helms, J. Christopher; Corbett, Robert J.

74

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lesson guide accompanies the Hubble Deep Field set of 10 lithographs and introduces 4 astronomy lesson plans for middle school students. Lessons include: (1) "How Many Objects Are There?"; (2) "Classifying and Identifying"; (3) "Estimating Distances in Space"; and (4) "Review and Assessment." Appendices contain students sheets for other…

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.

75

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate seventh grade students' conceptions of global warming and climate change. The study was descriptive in nature and involved the collection of qualitative data from 91 seventh grade students from three different schools in the Midwest, USA. An open response and draw and explain assessment instrument was…

Shepardson, Daniel P.; Niyogi, Dev; Choi, Soyoung; Charusombat, Umarporn

2009-01-01

76

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors investigated the performance of 172 Grade 4 students (9 to 10 years) over 12 months on a 36-item test that comprised items from 6 distinct graphical languages (e.g., maps) commonly used to convey mathematical information. Results revealed (a) difficulties in Grade 4 students' capacity to decode a variety of graphics, (b) significant…

Lowrie, Tom; Diezmann, Carmel M.

2007-01-01

77

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study, undertaken in the Sultanate of Oman, explored twelfth grade students' common misconceptions in seven chemistry conceptual areas. The sample included 786 twelfth grade students in Oman while the instrument was a two-tier test called Chemistry Misconceptions Diagnostic Test (CMDT), consisting of 25 items with 12 items…

Al-Balushi, Sulaiman M.; Ambusaidi, Abdullah K.; Al-Shuaili, Ali H.; Taylor, Neil

2012-01-01

78

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated urban eighth-grade students' knowledge of energy resources and associated issues including energy acquisition, energy generation, storage and transport, and energy consumption and conservation. A 39 multiple-choice-item energy resources knowledge assessment was completed by 1043 eighth-grade students in urban schools in two…

Bodzin, Alec

2012-01-01

79

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study intends to investigate the fifth grade students' conceptions of earthquakes. Twenty two grade 5 students (11-12 years old) from five different elementary schools in Istanbul voluntarily participated in the study. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews with each participant. Six interview questions were designed by…

Savasci, Funda; Uluduz, Hatice

2013-01-01

80

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These lesson plans, designed for grades 6-8, have been developed to provide a guide to hands-on experience in science and math. They focus on an International Space Station and are designed for use with students working in groups. The three lesson plans highlighting the importance of the scientific method are: (1) International Space Station…

Armstrong, Pat

81

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project evaluated the effectiveness of the "Flex-Ed" Reading Readiness Program with nineteen first grade students. Most of the nineteen students had scored below or near the tenth percentile of the MacMillan Readiness Test. Four behavioral objectives were written for the students in the areas of space, quantity, time, and basic concepts. The…

Central Arkansas Education Center, Little Rock.

82

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This constructivist study investigates 225 student drawings and explanations from three different schools in the midwest in the US, to identify seventh grade students' mental models of the greenhouse effect. Five distinct mental models were derived from an inductive analysis of the content of the students' drawings and explanations: Model 1, a…

Shepardson, Daniel P.; Choi, Soyoung; Niyogi, Dev; Charusombat, Umarporn

2011-01-01

83

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide attempts to help teachers of American Indian students in grades 9-12 provide a culturally relevant education that takes place in the regular classroom, includes content related to Indian students' lives, makes students proud, expands to other experiences, and enhances learning. Creating sacred places means responding appropriately to…

Fox, Sandra J.

84

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The adaptation of the Universities to European Higher Education Area (EHEA) involves changes in the learning system. Students must obtain specific capabilities in the different degrees or masters. For example, in the degree of Agronomy at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (Spain), they must command mathematics, English informatics or crop production. Moreover, students must attain personal skills such as leadership, team work, a critical spirit and a social, environmental and ethical commitment with the environment and the society. A way to evaluate the critical spirit of the students is to compare the grade obtained in a specific module with the grade that the students think he should get. The aim of this work is to evaluate the differences between teacher and student grading in different subjects related to soil science in different degrees and masters courses at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid.

Méndez, A.; Paz-Ferreiro, J.; Guerrero, F.; Gascó, J. M.; Saá, A.; Tarquis, A. M.; Gascó, G.

2012-04-01

85

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine the antecedents of perceptions of grading fairness, approximately 600 college students were surveyed about the prevalence and desirability of 1) teaching practices that assisted students to prepare for examinations, and 2) common test scoring manipulations used to transform poor scores into acceptable ones (e.g., curving low scores…

Gordon, Michael E.; Fay, Charles H.

2010-01-01

86

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students' categorical perceptions of numeric and alphabetic grades were examined by assigning participants to one of four conditions: numeric grades alphabetic grades, numeric non-grades and alphabetic non-grades. They were then asked to give ratings for each possible grade or non-grade, using a 10-point scale. Factor analysis revealed…

Boatright-Horowitz, Su L.; Arruda, Chris

2013-01-01

87

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if there are gender differences among elementary school-aged students in regard to the inferences they generate during reading. Fourth-grade students (130 females; 126 males) completed think-aloud tasks while reading one practice and one experimental narrative text. Females generated a larger number and a…

Clinton, Virginia; Seipel, Ben; Broek, Paul; McMaster, Kristen L.; Kendeou, Panayiota; Carlson, Sarah E.; Rapp, David N.

2014-01-01

88

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research project was completed with twenty-nine fourth grade students from Shawnee Elementary, a school in the Chippewa Valley School District. It began in April 2012 and the data collection was completed by June 2012. The purpose of this project was to see if utilizing math manipulatives in an elementary classroom will increase student

Couture, Katie

2012-01-01

89

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet prepares a student to take New Jersey's Grade Eight Proficiency Assessment (GEPA), a test that measures the knowledge and skills that will be tested later in the state's High School Proficiency Assessment. The GEPA has three test sections (content areas): Language Arts Literacy, Mathematics, and Science. The booklet tells students

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton.

90

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was designed to increase the reading abilities of students in the targeted first and third grade classes in two elementary schools located in the Midwest. The study involved an action research project highlighting the overall growth of the students' academic achievement through increased reading growth. The study was…

Commare, Colleen C.; Sedlack, Sarah E.

91

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors compared the performance of third-grade students testing on answer sheets with those testing on machine-scored test booklets. The 1,832 students in the nationally representative sample were assigned at the campus level to complete the Stanford Achievement Test Series, Tenth Edition in 1 of 4 conditions: (a) Form A answer sheet, (b)…

Brooks, Thomas; O'Malley, Kimberly; Ragland, Shelley; Young, Michael; Kirkpatrick, Rob

2014-01-01

92

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE SEVENTH-GRADE STUDENT PACKET, PRODUCED BY THE NEBRASKA CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTER, BEGINS WITH THE UNIT ENTITLED "THE MAKING OF STORIES" IN WHICH STUDENTS CONSIDER WRITERS' AUDIENCES AND METHODS OF COMPOSITION AND PRESENTATION. SUCH MATERIAL AS "A CHRISTMAS CAROL" AND SELECTIONS FROM "THE ODYSSEY,""BEOWULF,""HYMN TO HERMES," AND GRIMM'S…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

93

E-print Network

1 PROBING 6TH GRADE STUDENTS' UNDERSTANDING OF GEOSCIENCE: AN ACTION RESEARCH PROJECT understanding of geoscience. On three separate assessments, students provided written responses to two open-ended geoscience questions. These responses were scored using rubrics to systematically analyze our assessment data

94

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines a grade one teacher's support for her students' writing development through formal peer and teacher feedback. The teacher modelled and provided examples of effective feedback and good writing in whole-class and small-group lessons and in her own one-on-one verbal feedback on student writing. She allocated time for…

Peterson, Shelley Stagg; Portier, Christine

2014-01-01

95

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined eighth graders' approach to three tasks implemented to assist students with learning to interpret contour maps. Students' approach to and interpretation of these three tasks were analyzed qualitatively. When students were rank ordered according to their scores on a standardized test of spatial ability, the Minnesota Paper Form…

Carter, Glenda; Cook, Michelle; Park, John C.; Wiebe, Eric N.; Butler, Susan M.

2008-01-01

96

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is considerable pressure on faculty members to use technology in teaching. Students also bring technology into class in the form of laptop computers, smart phones, and iPads. Does this technology increase or decrease learning? We report two years of data studying 14 different classes with a total of approximately 1200 students. We find that, on the average, approximately 70% of students use their own digital devices during class and 30% do not. The grades earned by the former group average nearly half a grade point average lower than the non-use group. Faculty policies are found to dramatically influence student behavior. Extensive student interview data will be reported that shows that students expect faculty members to set technology policies and summarizes their attitudes about technology use.

Duncan, Douglas K.; Hoekstra, A.; Wilcox, B.

2014-01-01

97

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Applying a machine metaphor for functions, this virtual manipulative allows the learner to examine the relationship between input (domain) and output (range). The learner inputs numbers from one to four and the virtual machine generates output information in a table. The learner is challenged to find the output for values five through seven and enter them in the table. Errors are noted automatically. Using a new function button, different types of functions are randomly offered for investigation. Types include a function with alphabet letter output and a function with positive and negative ones for output. Instructions for using the manipulative, information about functions, and a link to the NCTM standard for number and operations are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

98

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With this applet, the learner defines initial conditions for graphing a fractal and observes the results. The screen opens to show a first-quadrant unit square with either triangle or parabolic curve with adjustable height and an initial point on the line y equals x. From the initial point, a cobweb plot, or Verhulst diagram, is traced as the point moves vertically until it hits the curve and then moves horizontally back to the line. This automated graphing process continues until paused by the learner, who will see how small changes in the variables can greatly affect the graph. Instructions for using the applet, background information about fractals and iterative functions, and teaching suggestions are included. There is also a link to the NCTM standard for geometry. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

99

A stress management program was evaluated in sixth-grade classes of an urban public and a suburban parochial school. Sample 1, from the urban public school, and Sample 2, from the suburban parochial school, received pre- and posttests. Sample 3, from the suburban parochial school, was divided into pretest-only and posttest-only groups. Six self-esteem and 1 each stress and social-skills children's

Alan S. De Wolfe; Antoinette M. Saunders

1995-01-01

100

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of pacing and scheduling of algebra coursework on assigned 9th-grade students who traditionally would qualify for pre-algebra instruction and same course 9th-grade students who traditionally would qualify for standard algebra instruction. Students were selected based on completion of first-year…

O'Hanlon, Angela L.

2011-01-01

101

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although over 100 million tests are administered each year and testing is a subject of increasing contention among students, faculty members remain diffident. A better understanding of the purpose and structure of evaluating mechanisms is a prerequisite for widespread improvement. Teachers must understand what factors play a part in measuring…

Milton, Ohmer; Edgerly, John W.

102

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The positive relationship between self-regulation and student achievement has been repeatedly supported through research. Key considerations that have resulted from prior research include instructor feedback and explicit expectations, student perception of their control of their progress, accurate self-calibration, reflection, goal-setting, age, and methods by which a cycle which integrates all of these can be put in place. While research provides evidence for that fact that it is possible to support student success in several of these areas, many questions are left as to how guided, active self-regulation impacts students perception of their control over their performance, their ability to accurately assess and act upon their strengths and weaknesses, and, ultimately, their overall progress at different developmental stages. This study intended to provide a better understanding of how guidance in the self-regulation strategies of sixth grade science students can impact their attitudes toward learning. Specifically, this study investigated the question, "What is the effect of active reflection, graphing of grades, and goal setting on sixth-grade students' locus of control and ability to self-regulate?"

Reid, Lisa J.

103

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study considers grade repetition rates in the early years of school, Preparatory (Prep) to Year 3, in Queensland state schools, of which there is a significant gap in the Australian research literature. Data accessed from the Queensland Government's Department of Education and Training (DET), shows that particular groups of students

Anderson, Robyn

2012-01-01

104

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is a collection of writing by ninth-grade students taken from the 1987 and 1988 Canadian Territorial Achievement Tests. The booklet's 70 pieces of writing include essays on education in the Northwest Territory, narratives on how the best laid plans can go wrong, humorous treatments on uses for chewing gum and the best ways to keep…

Northwest Territories Dept. of Education, Yellowknife.

105

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Report-card marking items by which elementary school students' noncognitive classroom behaviors are graded were studied to establish a preliminary classification of behavioral assessment domains. Two studies were conducted. The first study employed a cluster-analytic approach to a pool of 136 noncognitive behavior-marking items that had been…

Hevern, Vincent W.; Geisinger, Kurt F.

106

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of booklets deals with minumum standards in mathematics for beginning eleventh grade students. There is a statement of the standards with related skills, a test to assess competency with accompanying answer sheet and answer key, and eight booklets presenting problems covered by six of the standards. The booklets cover: percentages;…

Citrus County Board of Public Instruction, Inverness, FL.

107

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To develop environmental education in Australia, a survey of tenth-grade students was undertaken. Thirty knowledge items and ten belief items were constructed. A panel of environmentalists and educators identified best responses for the knowledge items, and a common reference point, preservation of homo sapiens, for the belief items, so a…

Eyers, Vivian George

108

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this dissertation was to explore the presence of predictors of reading disability in third through fifth grade students. This study used a quantitative methodology to analyze the relationship between the predictor variables of nonword repetition, vocabulary, syntax, morphology, and family history and the criterion variable of…

Magnuson, Cynthia L.

2010-01-01

109

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared for use by teachers of mentally gifted students in grades 7 through 9, the booklet offers a curriculum design for the teaching of literature. Considered is the difficult developmental stage in late childhood and early adolescence when children begin to assert their roles as individuals and often have no adult model other than the friendly…

Covey, Barbara L.

110

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social studies resource unit and student readings for fifth grade pupils present the main idea that America is a heterogeneous society composed of different racial, religious, cultural, and ethnic groups who have continued the struggle to gain equal rights and opportunities. Pupils discover where immigrants came from, why they came to America,…

Park Forest Public Schools District 163, IL.

111

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use by teachers, consultants and administrators, the booklet discusses social science instruction for gifted students in grades 7-9. An introductory section provides an overview of goals and parameters of the social sciences (psychology, sociology, and anthropology). The scientific research process is described in terms of five steps,…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Office of Curriculum Services.

112

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compares the effects of two models of vocabulary instruction: (1) the integrated graphic organizer/discussion model; and (2) the definition-only model on the mathematical vocabulary use of fourth grade students. The integrated model combines a modified Concept of Definition (CD) graphic organizer with the Frayer discussion model. The…

Monroe, Eula Ewing; Pendergrass, Michelle R.

113

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study with 34 gifted fifth-grade students found that a concrete sequential approach to developing visual literacy was more effective than an abstract visualization approach. Subjects either received guided visualization or direct instruction on such art concepts as shape, form, line, color, perspective, variety, and unity. (DB)

Casey, Heidi Van Ert; Wolf, Joan S.

1989-01-01

114

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational disparities exist between English language learners (ELLs) and native English-speaking students. Evidence suggests that, by fourth grade, 35% of ELLs, compared to their native English-speaking peers, are behind in math, and 47% are behind in reading. There is also evidence to suggest that these lower achievement scores are impacted by…

Couch, Marsha

2010-01-01

115

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Challenging problems and project ideas for mathematically able students in grades 5 and 6 are reviewed. Number patterns are viewed as a good tool to introduce inductive and deductive thinking. Applications of mathematics in sales, the stock market, opinion polls, weather prediction, and other areas are discussed. (MP)

Economopoulos, Marjorie P.

1981-01-01

116

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the various conceptions held by K-8th Korean grade students regarding the 'changes of state' and the 'conditions for changes of state'. The study used a sample of five kindergarteners, five secondgrade students, five fourth-grade students, five sixth-grade students, and five eighth-grade students. The 25 students attend…

Paik, Seoung-Hey; Kim, Hyo-Nam; Cho, Boo-Kyoung; Park, Jae-Won

2004-01-01

117

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we examine student performance on mandated tests in grades 3, 4, and 5 in one state. We focus on this interval, which w e term "the fourth grade window," based on our hypothesis that students in grade four are particularly vulnerable to decrements in achievement. The national focus on the third grade as the critical benchmark in…

McCaslin, Mary; Burross, Heidi Legg; Good, Thomas L.

2005-01-01

118

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined how particular grading systems motivate students. Since competency-based grading and point systems are most prevalent (Hendrickson and Gable, 1999), the current study is modeled around these systems. The grading systems used for this study were divided into two categories and defined as those students who earned their grades

Docan, Tony N.

2006-01-01

119

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In fall 2005, the Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences at the University of Arkansas authorized the optional use of a plus/minus grading system. Since 2005, approximately one-half of courses have been graded using plus/minus and one-half using the straight letter grade system. This study examined student (n = 338) and…

Edgar, Leslie D.; Johnson, Donald M.; Graham, Donna L.; Dixon, Bruce L.

2014-01-01

120

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was designed to examine the effects of concept mapping on science achievement of middle grade science students. Concept mapping is a graphic display of concepts and the relationships or links among them. A concept map represents the students' understanding of a body of knowledge. The subjects were one hundred eighty-two eighth grade students, distributed into eight intact earth science classes at Bowling Green Junior High School. Students were homogeneously grouped by above average and average ability levels. Therefore, the ability level variable was examined as a possible effect. Students were divided into four treatment groups (two per ability level) and four control groups (two per ability level). Two teachers were involved in teaching a unit on weather for nine weeks. The treatment groups constructed concept maps, while the control groups did not. Two testing instruments (a conventional weather test and six performance assessment items) were used to measure achievement. For this sample of students, analyses of covariance indicated no significant overall effects of treatment on science achievement. A weak but statistically students measured by combined performance assessment items. Similar to the literature reviewed, the results of this research are somewhat mixed. The results suggest that the effect of concept mapping on science achievement is not clear and science educators should be cautious as to its practical use in the classroom. Furthermore, the results suggest that researchers should continue to seek more data to either support or reject the effectiveness of concept mapping.

2000-10-01

121

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study utilized a causal comparative (ex post facto) design to determine if a consistent relationship existed between fifth-grade students' success on the Science Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) at the elementary (K-5) level in comparison to fifth-grade students' success on the science TAKS at the intermediate (5-6)…

Johnson, Delonda; Jones, Lisa; Simieou, Felix; Matthew, Kathryn; Morgan, Bryan

2013-01-01

122

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Do seemingly motivated students with learning disabilities work hard in general education classes only to receive lower grades than their peers? Donahoe and Zigmond (1990) found that 60-70% of students with learning disabilities passed their mainstreaming classes but received a below-average (below a C-) grade. A similar finding was reported by…

Munk, Dennis D.; Bursuck, William D.

2004-01-01

123

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students rarely use their graded exams to study. An alternative method of grading exams, based on self-reflection, encourages students to use their mistakes as a learning resource. In this grading method, the test is returned with each question simply marked as "right" or 'wrong." Students can then go over their exams and resubmit them with…

Cherepinsky, Vera

2011-01-01

124

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this study, the authors analyzed how students' grades in high school biology courses are associated with their predicted and actual grades in college courses. The results of the study revealed a disconnect between high school and college biology courses. High school students are not well-served by high grades in high school courses that are not accompanied by the requisite amount of course engagement and academic effort.

Jensen, Philip A.; Moore, Randy

2008-01-01

125

PubMed Central

Assessment is such an integral part of the educational system that we rarely reflect on its value and impact. Portfolios have gained in popularity, but much attention has emphasized the end-user and portfolio assessment. Here we focus on the portfolio creator (the student) and examine whether their educational needs are met with such an assessment method. This study aims to investigate how assessment practices influence classroom performance and the learning experience of the student in a graduate education setting. Studied were 33 medical students at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, a program utilizing a portfolio-based system. The students may elect to simultaneously enroll in a Masters program; however, these programs employ traditional letter grades. Thus creating a unique opportunity to assess 25 portfolio only (P) students and 8 portfolio and grade (PG) students concurrently taking a course that counts for both programs. Classroom performance was measured via a comprehensive evaluation where the PG students scored modestly better (median total scores, 72% P vs. 76% PG). Additionally, a survey was conducted to gain insight into student’s perspective on how assessment method impacts the learning experience. The students in the PG group (those receiving a grade) reported increased stress but greater affirmation and self-assurance regarding their knowledge and skill mastery. Incorporation of such affirmation remains a challenge for portfolio-based systems and an area for investigation and improvement. PMID:23565103

Nowacki, Amy S.

2013-01-01

126

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 23 papers given at a 1987 Edmonton (Canada) conference. Papers have the following titles and authors: "Current Trends and Future Challenges in the Education of Students with Severe Handicaps" (Dick Sobsey); "How Often Do You Need to Collect Student Performance Data? A Study of the Effects of Frequency of Probe Data Collection…

Baine, David, Ed.; And Others

127

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although most researchers focus on scientists' creativity, students' scientific creativity should be considered, especially for high school and college students. It is generally assumed that most professional creators in science emerge from amateur creators. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between students' scientific creativity and selected variables including creativity, problem finding, formulating hypotheses, science achievement, the nature of science, and attitudes toward science for finding significant predictors of eleventh grade students' scientific creativity. A total of 130 male eleventh-grade students in three biology classes participated in this study. The main instruments included the Test of Divergent Thinking (TDT) for creativity measurement, the Creativity Rating Scale (CRS) and the Creative Activities and Accomplishments Check Lists (CAACL ) for measurement of scientific creativity, the Nature of Scientific Knowledge Scale (NSKS) for measurement of the nature of science, and the Science Attitude Inventory II (SAI II) for measurement of attitudes toward science. In addition, two instruments on measuring students' abilities of problem finding and abilities of formulating hypotheses were developed by the researcher in this study. Data analysis involved descriptive statistics, Pearson product-moment correlations, and stepwise multiple regressions. The major findings suggested the following: (1) students' scientific creativity significantly correlated with some of selected variables such as attitudes toward science, problem finding, formulating hypotheses, the nature of science, resistance to closure, originality, and elaboration; (2) four significant predictors including attitudes toward science, problem finding, resistance to closure, and originality accounted for 48% of the variance of students' scientific creativity; (3) there were big differences between students with a higher and a lower degree of scientific creativity on the variables of family support, career images, and readings about science; and (4) many students were confused about the creative and moral levels on NSKS and the concept of "almighty of science" and purposes of science on SAI II. The results of this study may provide a more holistic and integrative interpretation of students' scientific creativity and propose better ways of evaluating students' scientific creativity. In addition, the research results may encourage teachers to view scientific creativity as an ability that can be enhanced through various means in classroom science teaching.

Liang, Jia-Chi

2002-04-01

128

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines a channel, students' nuisance, to explain grade inflation. "Students' nuisance" is defined by "students' pestering the professors for better grades." This paper contains two parts: the game theoretic model and the empirical tests. The model shows that the potential threat of students' nuisance can induce the professors to…

Iris Franz, Wan-Ju

2010-01-01

129

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article details the work of third grade teacher, co-author Kim Heckart, as she engaged her students in making historical documentaries: a project that succeeded in reaching all of her third-grade students. For the last five years, Kim has required students to make historical documentaries. As her students produced these works, Kim conversed…

Fehn, Bruce; Heckart, Kimberly

2013-01-01

130

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to reduce the negative effects that self-perceived levels of test anxiety have on third-grade students. The participants in this study consisted of 177 third-grade students at two Midwestern public elementary schools. Students at one school were taught relaxation techniques, while students at the second school served…

Larson, Heidi A.; El Ramahi, Mera K.; Conn, Steven R.; Estes, Lincoln A.; Ghibellini, Amanda B.

2010-01-01

131

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Work sample aptitude test items and questionnaire items on past and predicted grades each contributed to the predictive efficiency of the Orleans-Hanna Algebra Prognosis Test in forecasting algebra grades for 2,684 eighth grade students. (Author/PN)

Hanna, Gerald S.; And Others

1983-01-01

132

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some psychology students achieve high grades in all classes except for research methods (RM). Previous research has usually treated low levels of achievement in RM as a unitary phenomenon, without reference to the grades the student is achieving in other subjects. The present internet survey explored preferences for learning RM in 140 psychology…

Barry, John A.

2012-01-01

133

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the purposes of student grades, including those driven by Individualized Education Programs. Grading options to ensure objectivity, fairness, and accountability for students with diverse needs are suggested. Types of tests available and possible adaptations are described. School districts are urged to create a grading policy that is…

Hendrikson, Jo; Gable, Robert A.

1997-01-01

134

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess reproducibility of a School-Based Nutrition Monitoring (SBNM) questionnaire for fourth-grade students. Design: Test-retest. Setting: Fourth-grade elementary school classrooms. Participants: Multiethnic fourth-grade students from 2 area school districts (N = 322). Main Outcome Measures: Reproducibility coefficients with time…

Penkilo, Monica; George, Goldy Chacko; Hoelscher, Deanna M.

2008-01-01

135

E-print Network

/Grades; Definitions of Grades; Grading Scales for Undergraduate Students MARKS / GRADES Undergraduate (S.99-279, S.10, Medicine & Dentistry (BMSc), Music, Science, Social Science, Continuing Studies at Western Sciences, Information and Media Studies, Music, Science, Social Science, Continuing Studies at Western

Lennard, William N.

136

E-print Network

Final Grade Appeal Procedure (Section 5.13. of the Faculty Handbook) 1 Any student considering a grade appeal should understand that each faculty member has the right and responsibility to determine and is a valid ground for a final grade appeal. 2 Steps to take in final grade appeal ( a) Any student who

Rose, Annkatrin

137

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To maximize active parent consent form return rates for third-grade minority, urban students enrolled in predominantly low-income elementary schools in Chicago, Ill. Methods: Research staff used a class incentive and class visits to retrieve consent forms from students. Results: Of the 811 third-grade students, 98% returned a form and …

Ji, Peter; Flay, Brian R.; Phil, D.; DuBois, David L.; Brechling, Vanessa; Day, Joseph; Cantillon, Dan

2006-01-01

138

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effect of pullout instrumental lessons on the academic achievement of eighth-grade band students. Participants (N = 353) included 292 nonband students and 61 band students pulled once per week for music lessons in a single suburban K-8 school district in Midwestern United States. Data indicated that eighth-grade band…

Hash, Phillip M.

2011-01-01

139

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This synthesis extends a report of research on extensive interventions in kindergarten through third grade (Wanzek & Vaughn, 2007) to students in Grades 4 through 12, recognizing that many of the same questions about the effectiveness of reading interventions with younger students are important to address with older students, including (a) how…

Wanzek, Jeanne; Vaughn, Sharon; Scammacca, Nancy K.; Metz, Kristina; Murray, Christy S.; Roberts, Greg; Danielson, Louis

2013-01-01

140

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although students' final course grade expectations have been the focus of several studies, none have looked systematically at students' expectations for grade distributions for the whole class across institutional types, student year in school, and course levels. This study examined such differences as a function of gender, course level,…

McCann, Lee I.; Immel, Kathy R.; Kadah-Ammeter, Tammy L.; Priniski, Stacy J.

2013-01-01

141

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a new 9th grade biology curriculum on students' environmental awareness. Participants included 91 ninth grade students in a high school in Balikesir during the spring semester of the 2008-2009 academic years. Two classrooms, including 22 and 24 students respectively, were randomly assigned…

Cetin, Gulcan; Nisanci, Seda Hilal

2010-01-01

142

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most contentious potential sources of bias is whether instructors who give higher grades receive higher ratings from students. We examined the grade point averages (GPAs) and student ratings across 2073 general education religion courses at a large private university. A moderate correlation was found between GPAs and student evaluations…

Griffin, Tyler J.; Hilton, John, III.; Plummer, Kenneth; Barret, Devynne

2014-01-01

143

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research suggests that student evaluations of teaching may depend on the average grade expected in a class. We hypothesize that, because of risk aversion, student ratings also depend on the distribution of expected grades. As predicted, student ratings at the University of Puerto Rico at Bayamon are significantly and negatively related to…

Matos-Diaz, Horacio; Ragan, James F., Jr.

2010-01-01

144

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Middle grades schools have their hands full in working with elementary schools and high schools to improve the likelihood of success for middle grades students--accelerating learning, helping elementary students move seamlessly into the middle grades, preparing middle grades students for rigorous high school courses, changing organization and…

Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2011

2011-01-01

145

E-print Network

information from the online grade book can be viewed and manipulated in a spreadsheet program The Blackboard Grade Center tool allows you to store and display student grades in your Blackboard course site. If you choose to use the Grade Center, we strongly recommend that you save a copy of the online grade

Qiu, Weigang

146

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study explored predictors of African-American and other nontraditional medical students' first-year academic performance at the Medical College of Georgia. Variables included undergraduate grades and grades in a summer prematriculation program (SPP) featuring biochemistry, anatomy, and immunology courses. SPP grades were found useful in…

Hesser, Al; Lewis, Lloyd

1992-01-01

147

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grade inflation over the past few decades has been a concern for many universities. Course evaluation scores are known to be positively correlated with students' expected grades, and this paper tests whether or not there is an incentive for the instructor to "buy" higher evaluation scores by inflating grades. To test this hypothesis, I use unique…

Ewing, Andrew M.

2012-01-01

148

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses a regression discontinuity approach to study the influence of New York City's school grading policy on student math and English language arts (ELA) achievement. We find evidence that students in schools receiving a failing grade realized positive effects in English in the 1st year of sanction, but we find no statistically…

Winters, Marcus A.; Cowen, Joshua M.

2012-01-01

149

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The media has recently exposed that grade inflation is a concern for higher education in North America. Grade inflation may be due to consumerism by universities that now compete for students. Keeping students happy (and paying) may have been emphasized more than learning. We review the literature on faculty evaluation and present a model that…

Germain, Marie-Line; Scandura, Terri A.

2005-01-01

150

Background: The pedagogical and status implications of assessment in physical education (PE) have been recognised in the past. How students perceive being assessed and graded is a neglected area, however. While some studies have garnered students' perceptions of assessment when no grade is awarded or the stakes are relatively low, we know less about how assessment in physical education is

Karin Redelius; Peter J. Hay

2012-01-01

151

Background: The pedagogical and status implications of assessment in physical education (PE) have been recognised in the past. How students perceive being assessed and graded is a neglected area, however. While some studies have garnered students' perceptions of assessment when no grade is awarded or the stakes are relatively low, we know less about how assessment in physical education is

Karin Redelius; Peter J. Hay

2011-01-01

152

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings of a study conducted at Iowa State University, Ames, indicated student subjects were not affected by the use of pass-fail grading, and that student teachers were less anxious and more positive about their relationship with their cooperating teachers under pass-fail than under A-F grading. (BP)

Clawson, Barbara N.; Scruggs, M. Marguerite

1974-01-01

153

E-print Network

in CS1 course Very few women and minorities Goal To increase student interest and improve grades through-player game. Results Increased class attendance Increased the number of students receiving grades in the A by NSF grant DUE-CCLI-0511304 and by the Bush Foundation. Videos of AIBO lab posted on YouTube #12;

Gini, Maria

154

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the conceptual change text oriented instruction over traditionally designed instruction on ninth grade students' understanding of the human circulatory system concepts, and their retention of this understanding. The subjects of this study consist of 73 ninth grade female students

Alkhawaldeh, Salem A.

2007-01-01

155

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The pedagogical and status implications of assessment in physical education (PE) have been recognised in the past. How students perceive being assessed and graded is a neglected area, however. While some studies have garnered students' perceptions of assessment when no grade is awarded or the stakes are relatively low, we know less…

Redelius, Karin; Hay, Peter J.

2012-01-01

156

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the findings from a study undertaken to explore students' perceptions of the timeliness, accessibility, consistency, and quality of feedback and grading received electronically. The system used was GradeMark®, an electronic tool available through the plagiarism software provider, Turnitin®. 296 students from the Schools…

Watkins, Diane; Dummer, Paul; Hawthorne, Kamila; Cousins, Judy; Emmett, Catherine; Johnson, Mike

2014-01-01

157

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the influence of instrumental music instruction on the academic achievement of fifth grade students. The sample consisted of 270 fifth grade students (135 boys and 135 girls) located in a southwestern Kansas school district in a city of approximately 20,000 people. The independent variables considered were: instrumental…

Dryden, Susannah

158

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the question of whether youth drinking leads to lower grades for public and private school students. Instrumental variables (IV) regressions are used to investigate differences in the relationship between drinking and grades based on whether students attend a public or private school. The regressions reveal that drinking…

Austin, Wesley; Heath, Cary

2012-01-01

159

High school students who work intensively at paid jobs tend to have lower grades in academic courses. Prior research has not properly tested theories about the source of the relationship between student employment and grades (or other outcomes), and has not explicitly modeled the potentially reciprocal nature of this relationship. We focus on both the short- and long-term effects of

John Robert Warren; Paul C. LePore; Robert D. Mare

2000-01-01

160

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report uses administrative data provided by the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) on kindergarten to third-grade students. The records begin with kindergartners in 2001, first-graders in 2002, second-graders in 2003, and third-graders in 2004 and include all LAUSD students in grades K-3 for 2004 to 2008. Altogether, the raw data…

Cannon, Jill S.; Lipscomb, Stephen

2011-01-01

161

E-print Network

Senior Grades/Diploma Whereas Northeast Missouri State University has identified student learning, and the delivery of diplomas be adopted: Â· grades for all students will be turned in after the completion will be eligible to march in the commencement ceremony Â· diplomas and final official transcripts will be mailed

Gering, Jon C.

162

Students remember 80% of what they do and 20% of what they hear. With this premise in mind, the author developed an active approach to educating a classroom of fourth grade students in multiple areas of engineering. The intent is minimally, to increase interest in math and science in the young students. Optimally, the students will pursue engineering as a

David R. Chesney

163

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixth grade students were divided into two groups. Students in one group received instruction on water conservation using expository and discovery activities. The students in the control group received none. Results gave evidence that students' values could be changed by this mode of water conservation instruction. (MA)

Aird, Andrew; Tomera, Audrey

1977-01-01

164

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American students continue to struggle on measures of student achievement. This study employed Hierarchical Linear Modeling to estimate a two-level model and examine the influences of calculator use and teachers' instructional practices on student achievement in mathematics amongst first-grade students. The outcome variable was mathematics test…

Polly, Drew

2008-01-01

165

This paper investigates the thoughts of the 8th grade students in Turkey on the mathematics course and the relations between the mathematics courses and other variables such as the students' origins, gender and the mathematics scores students achieved. Based on the results, it was concluded that there is not evidence reflecting a relation between students' origins and thoughts, but there

Nezahat ÇETIN; Nevin Mahir; Mehmet ÜREYEN; Ayhan HAKAN

166

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the modern solutions adopted in dealing with the problem of large number of variables in statistical analyses is the Block Principal Component Analysis (Block PCA). This modified technique can be used to reduce the vertical dimension (variables) of the data matrix Xn×p by selecting a smaller number of variables, (say m) containing most of the statistical information. These selected variables can then be employed in further investigations and analyses. Block PCA is an adapted multistage technique of the original PCA. It involves the application of Cluster Analysis (CA) and variable selection throughout sub principal components scores (PC's). The application of Block PCA in this paper is a modified version of the original work of Liu et al (2002). The main objective was to apply PCA on each group of variables, (established using cluster analysis), instead of involving the whole large pack of variables which was proved to be unreliable. In this work, the Block PCA is used to reduce the size of a huge data matrix ((n = 41) × (p = 251)) consisting of Grade Point Average (GPA) of the students in 251 courses (variables) in the faculty of science in Benghazi University. In other words, we are constructing a smaller analytical data matrix of the GPA's of the students with less variables containing most variation (statistical information) in the original database. By applying the Block PCA, (12) courses were found to `absorb' most of the variation or influence from the original data matrix, and hence worth to be keep for future statistical exploring and analytical studies. In addition, the course Independent Study (Math.) was found to be the most influencing course on students GPA among the 12 selected courses.

Othman, Osama H.; Gebril, Rami Salah

2014-12-01

167

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A prevention trial tested the efficacy of "INSIGHTS into Children's Temperament" as compared to a Read Aloud attention control condition in reducing student disruptive behavior and enhancing student competence and teacher classroom management. Participants included 116 first and second grade students, their parents, and their 42 teachers in six…

McClowry, Sandra Graham; Snow, David L.; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Rodriguez, Eileen T.

2010-01-01

168

PubMed

The associations of psychosocial characteristics with both gender and smoking behavior were explored in a sample of 1552 grade-six students from 107 schools in one Ontario, Canada, school district. Ever smokers were more likely to have spending money: a part-time job; to have missed school in previous 2 months; perceive themselves to be below average or average in school; to have a mother, a father, and a sibling who smoke; to have consumed low alcohol and alcoholic beverages; and agree with fewer positive statements concerning second-hand smoke and the addictive properties of smoking. Ever smokers had more close friends who tried smoking, spent more time with friends, scored higher on depression, rebelliousness, and social conformity scales, reported more life events in the past year, and had lower scores for social support. More boys than girls had ever smoked (18.9% vs. 14.7%). Gender differences were found for sociodemographic, attitudes, social bonding, and psychosocial factors. PMID:9113212

Pederson, L L; Koval, J J; O'Connor, K

1997-01-01

169

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study utilized the student scores of eighth-grade mathematics students on the "Discovery Education Assessment," as well as the self-efficacy perceptions of eighth-grade mathematics teachers as determined by the "Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale" ("TSES") from seven middle schools that encompassed grades 6-8

McKinzie, Abasi H.

2012-01-01

170

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether a particular grade in school would prove to be critical in the development of underachievement in 100 high school students identified as intellectually gifted, where 18 of the students were identified as underachieving. Data were collected on each student, including IQ scores, age identified as gifted, gender, final…

Goots, Pamela Bertozzi

171

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates two sixth grade students' dilemmas regarding the parity of zero. Both students originally claimed that zero was neither even nor odd. Interviews revealed a conflict between students' formal definitions of even numbers and their concept images of even numbers, zero, and division. These images were supported by practically…

Levenson, Esther; Tsamir, Pessia; Tirosh, Dina

2007-01-01

172

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Breakfast skipping is an international public health concern. This study investigated the prevalence of breakfast skipping among primary sixth-grade students in Hong Kong and the impact of students' perceptions of parental attitudes on breakfast skipping. Methods: A total of 426 students aged 10-14 years in 4 local schools participated…

Cheng, Tereza Sy; Tse, Lap Ah; Yu, Ignatius Tak-Sun; Griffiths, Sian

2008-01-01

173

The author investigated the patterns of 1 student's mathematical thinking processes and described the nature of the learning experience that the student encountered in trigonometry as he engaged in independent explorations within an interactive technology environment. This qualitative case study was guided by the work of B. Bloom (1956), L. Burton (1984), and L. Colgan (1992). A 10th-grade student who

Sang Sook Choi-koh

2003-01-01

174

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this work, we propose to identify the knowledge that Tunisian grade 10 students build up concerning acids and bases. Thus, after learning, we have proceeded by giving a paper and pencil task to students of two levels of teaching. The results obtained allow us to say that the assimilated knowledge is transitory; that the students have a worse…

Ouertatani, Latifa; Dumon, Alain; Trabelsi, Malika Ayadi; Soudani, Mohamed

2007-01-01

175

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine what students know about the process of writing and the characteristics of stories, persuasive arguments, and informational reports. Participants were 50 grade 5 students. Students responded to questions about writing process and the three different types of writing, and showed a nuanced but relatively…

Gillespie, Amy; Olinghouse, Natalie G.; Graham, Steve

2013-01-01

176

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between the level of achievement motivation of Essex County College students and their grades in psychology. Forty-one ECC students, both male and female, predominantly lower-class black students, took part in the study. The level of achievement motivation was measured in terms of the scores a person obtained…

Coleman, Thomas R.

177

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of becoming scientifically literate, students should come to appreciate epistemic aspects of science. Little research has been conducted on elementary students' epistemological beliefs specific to science education. This study offers insights into third-grade students' epistemological beliefs while paying attention to the intersection of…

Kittleson, Julie M.

2011-01-01

178

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of an early numeracy preventative Tier 2 intervention on the mathematics performance of first-grade students with mathematics difficulties. Researchers used a pretest-posttest control group design with randomized assignment of 139 students to the Tier 2 treatment condition and 65 students to…

Bryant, Diane Pedrotty; Bryant, Brian R.; Roberts, Greg; Vaughn, Sharon; Pfannenstiel, Kathleen Hughes; Porterfield, Jennifer; Gersten, Russell

2011-01-01

179

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effect of dynamic geometry software (DGS) on students' learning of transformation geometry. A pre- and post-test quasi-experimental design was used. Participants in the study were 68 eighth grade students (36 in the experimental group and 32 in the control group). While the experimental group students were studying the…

Guven, Bulent

2012-01-01

180

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors describe steps on how to develop a high-impact activity in which students build, test, and improve their own "coffee can" speakers to observe firsthand how loudspeakers work to convert electrical energy to sound. The activity is appropriate for students in grades three to six and lends itself best to students

Wise, Kevin; Haake, Monica

2007-01-01

181

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The eighth grade student assignment project, an initiative of the School District of Philadelphia, assigns students to high school academic programs based on student preferences, academic preparation, program capacity, and desegregation requirements. These programs, called small learning communities (SLCs), emphasize areas such as design and…

Johnson, Michael P.

182

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher, peer, and student reports of the quality of the teacher-student relationship were obtained for an ethnically diverse and academically at-risk sample of 706 second- and third-grade students. Cluster analysis identified four types of relationships based on the consistency of child reports of support and conflict in the relationship with…

Wu, Jiun-Yu; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-Man

2010-01-01

183

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined how math track placement and gender affected 7th-grade students' self-esteem, self-concepts, and social comparisons. Participants were 170 students who completed surveys that assessed their self-esteem, academic self-concepts of ability, and the kinds of social comparisons they make. Results showed that higher track students

Chiu, Donna; Beru, Yodit; Watley, Erin; Wubu, Selam; Simson, Emma; Kessinger, Robin; Rivera, Anahi; Schmidlein, Patrick; Wigfield, Allan

2008-01-01

184

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research described in this dissertation explores the impact of utilizing a LEGO-robotics integrated engineering and mathematics program to support fifth grade students' learning of ratios and proportion in an extracurricular program. The research questions guiding this research study were (1) how do students' test results compare for students

Ortiz, Araceli Martinez

2010-01-01

185

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit is designed to help first grade students understand the broad concept of community. The students experience a variety of in-class and field trip activities that will expose them to communities. The students observe and compare both natural and human-designed communities. Learning activities include pantomimes, listening activities,…

Lee County School District, Ft. Myers, FL. Dept. of Environmental Education and Instructional Development Services.

186

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is difficult to assess the extent to which course evaluations reflect how much students truly learn from a course because valid measures of learning are rarely available. This paper makes use of a unique setting in which students take a common, high-stakes post-test which is centrally graded and serves as the basis for capturing actual student

Beleche, Trinidad; Fairris, David; Marks, Mindy

2012-01-01

187

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research project was to determine the effects of incorporating concept mapping on the achievement of fifth grade students in science class. The study was conducted with twenty-three students at Ata Elementary School, Trabzon, Turkey. The students were tested with teacher-constructed pre- and post tests containing 20…

2007-01-01

188

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students learn norms of proving by observing teachers generating proofs, engaging in proving, and generalizing features of proofs deemed convincing by an authority, such as a textbook. Students at all grade levels have difficulties generating valid proof; however, little research exists on students' understandings about what makes a…

Bieda, Kristen N.; Lepak, Jerilynn

2014-01-01

189

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum addressed the problem of Chapter 1 fourth grade students not being able to compose a paragraph using correct spelling and language arts skills. The subjects were 16 predominantly Black and Hispanic students in a school in an old small southern city. The students had paragraph composition assignments weekly. The goals were: (1) to…

Budnik, Patricia McNulty

190

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: American students have done poorly in algebra and that has generated policy concerns about preparing students for STEM careers. There has been growing recognition that the algebra problem may begin in earlier grades when students do not adequately master rational numbers. Purpose: The study provided a series of workshops organized…

Good, Thomas L.; Wood, Marcy B.; Sabers, Darrell; Olson, Amy M.; Lavigne, Alyson Leah; Sun, Huaping; Kalinec-Craig, Crystal

2013-01-01

191

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This descriptive research study examined 2013 NAEP 12th-grade mathematics scores by students' use of graphing calculators in math classes and the kind of calculator students used during NAEP assessment. NAEP Data Explorer analysis included two questions from Student Factors: How often do you use these different kinds of calculators in math…

Klecker, Beverly M.; Klecker, Richard L.

2014-01-01

192

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the performance of sixth grade students with and without disabilities on a mathematics assessment aligned to state standards when provided a calculator as an accommodation. The study utilized a pre/posttest design. No student was given access to a calculator on the pretest, and approximately half of the students were randomly…

Bouck, Emily C.; Bouck, Mary K.

2009-01-01

193

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study stemmed from a concern of the perceived decline in students' reading motivation after the early years of schooling. This research investigated the effectiveness of online eBooks on eight grade 1 students' reading motivation. Eight students were given ten 25-minute sessions with the software programs over 15 weeks. Qualitative data were…

Ciampa, Katia

2012-01-01

194

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents the Nebraska Science Standards for Grades K-12. The standards are presented according to the following grades: (1) Grades K-2; (2) Grades 3-5; (3) Grades 6-8; and (4) Grades 9-12.

Nebraska Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

195

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SUPERSTARS III is a K-8 program designed as an enrichment opportunity for self-directed learners in mathematics. The basic purpose of SUPERSTARS III is to provide the extra challenge that self-motivated students need in mathematics and to do so in a structured, long-term program that does not impinge on the normal classroom routine or the…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Education, Raleigh.

196

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the change of the science academic achievement by grade level and gender where 222 elementary students' science and technology course scores between the 4th and 8th grades and science success percentages in 6th and 8th grades Level Determination Exam were longitudinally analyzed. Based on the findings of this study,…

Bursal, Murat

2013-01-01

197

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examined the effectiveness of 2 fluency-oriented reading programs on improving reading fluency for an ethnically diverse sample of second-grade students. The first approach is Fluency-Oriented Reading Instruction (S. A. Stahl & K. Heubach, 2005), which incorporates the repeated reading of a grade-level text over the course of an…

Turner, Franklin Dickerson

2012-01-01

198

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this pretest-posttest comparative efficacy study was to analyze factors affecting literacy achievement of eighth grade middle school instrumental music students (n = 38) including (a) socioeconomic status (SES), (b) gender, (c) grade point average (GPA), (d) music motivation, (e) music involvement, and (f) instrument section. The…

Kurt, Johnny T.

2010-01-01

199

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results suggest that while homework assignments, tests, and required texts increase the time students allot to a given course, and time allocated to a given course has a positive effect on course grades, the combination has a negative effect on course grade. High school performance is positively related to time given to a course but not to course…

Frisbee, William R.

1984-01-01

200

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A retrospective study was performed to evaluate a satisfactory/unsatisfactory (S/U) grading scheme in a didactic surgery laboratory during the first 3 years of implementation (2002-2004) and identify areas for improvement that might be adapted to this course or similar courses. Each instructor graded six students per session by assigning a…

Mann, F. A.; March, Zachary; Tomlinson, James L.; Pope, Eric R.; Cook, James L.; Wagner-Mann, Colette C.; Yoon, Hun-Young

2009-01-01

201

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of grade-aligned math instruction on math skill acquisition of four middle schools with moderate intellectual disability. Teachers were trained to follow a task analysis to teach grade-aligned math to middle school students using adapted math problem stories and graphic organizers. The teacher…

Browder, Diane M.; Jimenez, Bree A.; Trela, Katherine

2012-01-01

202

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In contrast to the primary grades when children are learning to read, students in grades 4 through 12 are expected to learn content as they read, yet they may still struggle with reading basics. This book provides a realistic and systematic process for improving reading and writing while enhancing content knowledge and skills. Based on proven…

Taylor, Rosemarye T.

2006-01-01

203

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescents continue to use alcohol and other drugs despite the profound risks to their health. This thesis examines the attitudes of students in grades 7-9 toward alcohol and other nonprescriptive mind-altering substances. Eight independent variables were investigated: (1) gender; (2) grade placement; (3) DARE (Drug Abuse Resistance Education)…

Redetzke, Pamela M.

204

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We model how class size affects the grade higher education students earn and we test the model using an ordinal logit with and without fixed effects on over 760,000 undergraduate observations from a northeastern public university. We find that class size negatively affects grades for a variety of specifications and subsets of the data, as well as…

Kokkelenberg, Edward C.; Dillon, Michael; Christy, Sean M.

2008-01-01

205

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examined the relationship between oral reading fluency (ORF) and reading comprehension for students in second grade. A total of 84 participants were randomly assigned to one of four conditions that involved reading a grade-appropriate passage with either 0%, 10%, 20%, or 30% scrambled words and answering subsequent comprehension…

Burns, Matthew K.; Kwoka, Heather; Lim, Becky; Crone, Melissa; Haegele, Katherine; Parker, David C.; Petersen, Shawna; Scholin, Sarah E.

2011-01-01

206

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As an activity related to FOSS unit Magnetism and Electricity, 4th grade science students use a computer download to explore electrical circuits and to generate illustrations of electrical circuits for physical models built in class

207

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between oral reading fluency and performance on a statewide reading achievement test for middle grades students. Participants in this study were 75 seventh grade students. One month before the students were administered the state test, each student read three probes from their current…

Hunley, Sawyer A.; Davies, Susan C.; Miller, Christina R.

2013-01-01

208

The following article presents the design concepts behind a stand-alone grade management system. The system uses digital signature for user authentication and data integrity preservation. In addition to grading data storage, the system delivers basic certification authority and key management functions. The system is based on J2EE and Hibernate, with JSP and Java applets in presentation layer and servlets for

P. Jachtoma; B. Sakowicz; J. Wojciechowski; A. Napieralski

2006-01-01

209

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the oral, written, and visual arts responses of a group of Grade 1 children. Discusses first grade children's understandings of and responses to several Radical Change characteristics and metafictive techniques found in David Wiesner's "The Three Pigs" (2001), the 2002 Randolph Caldecott Medal winner. Explores the nature of the literary…

Pantaleo, Sylvia

2002-01-01

210

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Botswana Examination Council (BEC) uses forecast grades obtained from secondary school Agriculture teachers to review component 2 of Agriculture final examination. Moderation of component 2 can help to improve candidates' final grade. This descriptive-correlational study purports to determine which of the component 1 (multiple choice),…

Moreetsi, Thobega; Mbako, Masole Trust

2008-01-01

211

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to investigate the extent to which grade inflation has existed at Brigham Young University (BYU) after accounting for increased preparation levels of entering students over time. Analyses were conducted for the university at large and individual colleges. The study first developed a model to forecast student grade point…

Olsen, Danny R.

212

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the study was to determine if there was any relationship between energy attitudes of ninth-grade students by gender and by their geographical location (Maine and New Brunswick). For general energy concerns, Maine students had a more positive attitude than New Brunswick students. Both Maine and New Brunswick females had a more positive attitude toward energy than males. Overall, Maine and New Brunswick students had a nonpositive attitude toward energy.

Barrow, L.H.; Morrisey, J.T.

1987-01-01

213

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This template is an instructional tool that can be used by students to practice the comprehension strategy determining importance after reading a text. The template provides an opportunity for students to distinguish between the main ideas and the interesting details of a text. The template was created for use by students in Grades 2-3 with the Feature Story, Reader of the Rocks. It is a PDF file that can be copied and distributed to students.

Allen, Tracey; Reeson, Clarissa

214

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This template is an instructional tool that can be used by students to practice the comprehension strategy determining importance after reading a text. The template provides an opportunity for students to distinguish between the main ideas and the interesting details of a text. The template was created for use by students in Grades 4-5 with the Feature Story, Reader of the Rocks. It is a PDF file that can be copied and distributed to students.

Allen, Tracey; Reeson, Clarissa

215

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provided an analysis of Hispanic 10th grade student academic achievement in the areas of mathematics, reading and writing as measured by the Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards. The study is based on data of 163 school districts and 25,103 (95%) students in the state of Arizona as published by the Arizona Department of…

2011-01-01

216

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study involved over 4,000 third grade students in a large (90,000+) suburban-emerging-urban school district. The purpose of the study was to examine the effectiveness of curriculum alignment on student achievement in mathematics as measured by the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (IOWA) after one year of implementation in the DeKalb County School…

Mitchell, Felicia Moss

217

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In recent years, several solutions have been proposed at various institutions nationwide to curb the phenomena of "grade inflation". Solutions include limiting the number of A's awarded, converting to a +/- system, publishing the class GPA next to each grade, or publishing an index based on the grades typically awarded in the class (Johnson 2003). With the many variations, exceptions and ranking systems being debated, the fundamental issue remains, whether students should be ranked as a means to contend with the effects of grade inflation.

Donald P. French

2005-05-01

218

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 1999-2000 report of student performance in writing provides information on student performance on the North Carolina Writing Assessment at Grades 4, 7, and 10. Noting that the annual writing assessment, a component of the North Carolina Testing Program, is also a component of the ABCs Accountability Program at Grades 4 and 7 and at Grade 10…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Instructional Services.

219

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the influence of a semester-long seminar on student teachers' perceptions of their preparedness for student teaching. Eighteen pre-service teachers in elementary (grades K-6) and middle grades (grades 6-8) participated in the seminar. Seventeen pre-service teachers from the same programs were used as a matched comparison group.…

Polly, Drew; Frazier, Joyce; Hopper, Cindy; Chapman, Marvin; Wells, Richard

2012-01-01

220

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individual interviews were conducted with 96 K-3 students, stratified according to grade level, achievement level, and gender. The students were asked to explain land-to-hand progressions involved in bringing several common foods to our tables, identify products derived from common farm animals, explain why a pound of cereal costs more than a…

Brophy, Jere; Alleman, Janet; O'Mahony, Carolyn

2003-01-01

221

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Word play is an important skill allowing product names, show titles, jokes, poetry and other writings or orations to be interesting, entertaining and well-remembered. This pretest--posttest counterbalanced study compared two instructional approaches for teaching second and third grade students (n = 71) word play skills. Students at a public…

Webb, Angela Naomi; Rule, Audrey C.; Cavanaugh, Adrianna D.; Munson, Angel

2014-01-01

222

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation examines the relationship between teacher educational background, teacher experience, and student achievement in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade. The first essay of this dissertation, "Effects of Teacher Degree Level, Coursework, and Certification on Student Achievement in Math and Reading in Kindergarten,"…

Leak, James Alexander

2012-01-01

223

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine the effect of Thinking Maps on the achievement of 6th-grade social studies students in order to determine its effectiveness. The population of this study came from a suburban middle school in the state of Georgia. The quantitative data included a pretest and posttest. The study was designed to find (a) whether there is a significant difference between the mean posttest scores on the benchmark test of 6th-grade students who are taught with either Thinking Maps or traditional social studies methods, (b) whether there is a significant difference between the mean posttest scores on the benchmark test of 6th-grade male versus female social studies students, and (c) whether there is a significant interaction between 6th-grade students' type of social studies class and gender as to differentially affect their mean posttest scores on the benchmark test. To answer these questions, students' pretest and posttest were compared to determine if there was a statistically significant difference after Thinking Maps were implemented with the treatment group for 9 weeks. The results indicate that there was no significant difference in the test scores between the students who were taught with Thinking Maps and the students who were taught without Thinking Maps. However, the students taught with Thinking Maps had the higher adjusted posttest scores.

Reed, Tamita

224

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis examined the reading comprehension process of three fifth-grade students who demonstrated the ability to read and write fluently but had difficulties remembering and understanding important information about what they read. The aim of this research was to develop and implement an effective teaching strategy for low-achieving students

Weih, Timothy G.

2000-01-01

225

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on fifth-grade students' use and preference for mathematically (MB) and practically based (PB) explanations within two mathematical contexts: parity and equivalent fractions. Preference was evaluated based on three parameters: the explanation (1) was convincing, (2) would be used by the student in class, and (3) was one that the…

Levenson, Esther

2010-01-01

226

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, it is aimed to investigate the persistence of misconceptions in the topic of the human blood circulatory system among students in different grade levels. For this reason, after discussions with biology educators, two tests consisting of open-ended questions were developed by the researcher and administered to students in four…

Ozgur, Sami

2013-01-01

227

The Grade Level Expectations (GLEs) established by the Louisiana Department of Education are intended to ensure that students are prepared for introductory college level chemistry. A sample of students in an introductory Chemistry class at Louisiana State University were tested to confirm that knowledge of the GLEs (chemical concept inventory pre-test and post-test score and normalized gain) correlated with performance

M. M. Davies

2010-01-01

228

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet designed for students in grades 4-8 provides 52 activities, including puzzles and problems. Activities range from simple to complex, giving learners practice in finding patterns, numeration, permutation, and problem solving. Calculators should be available, and students should be encouraged to discuss solutions with classmates,…

Daniel, Becky

229

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation examined the effects of Classwide Peer Tutoring (CWPT), a variation of peer tutoring on the volleyball skills of four 6th grade middle school students purposefully selected from an intact class of 21 students. Participants were average to low skilled males and females. A single subject A-B-A-B withdrawal design was used to…

Ayvazo, Shiri; Ward, Phillip

2009-01-01

230

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We compared 56 eighth-grade students who, 28 months previously, had received instruction in strategies for planning and revising their writing, with 21 students of similar academic ability from the same school who had not experienced the intervention. Both groups wrote an expository essay whilst logging their writing activities and completed…

Fidalgo, Raquel; Torrance, Mark; Garcia, Jesus-Nicasio

2008-01-01

231

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To explore and address some of the challenges for assessing, interpreting, and grading athletic training students' clinical performance and to suggest athletic training educators consider using a more universal assessment method for professional consistency. Background: In years past students learned from teachers or mentors on an…

Scriber, Kent; Gray, Courtney; Millspaugh, Rose

2010-01-01

232

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary goal of Project M[superscript 2] was to develop and field-test challenging geometry and measurement units for all K-2 students. This article reports on the achievement results for students in Grade 2 at 12 urban and suburban sites in 4 states using the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS) mathematics concepts subtest and an open-response…

Gavin, M. Katherine; Casa, Tutita M.; Adelson, Jill L.; Firmender, Janine M.

2013-01-01

233

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from multiple theoretical frameworks representing cognitive and educational psychology, we present a writing task and scoring system for measurement of students' informative writing. Participants in this study were 72 fifth- and sixth-grade students who wrote compositions describing real-world problems and how mathematics, science, and…

Kulikowich, Jonna M.; Mason, Linda H.; Brown, Scott W.

2008-01-01

234

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the differences between 110 working and non-working students in terms of mental health, academic achievement, and perceptions about student employment. Anxiety and depression were measured by the Beck Anxiety Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory-II. Academic achievement was measured by grade point average. Perceptions of…

Mounsey, Rebecca; Vandehey, Michael A.; Diekhoff, George M.

2013-01-01

235

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of concept cartoons on the students' perception of their levels of self-efficacy towards mathematics. The research has been designed as the pre-test post-test with quasi experimental control group. The research participants are composed of 94 7th grade students attending an elementary school…

Sengul, Sare

2011-01-01

236

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from Achieving the Dream: Community College Count, this issue of Data Notes investigates the academic achievement patterns of students attending Achieving the Dream colleges. The data show that 21 percent of students at Achieving the Dream colleges had grade point averages (GPAs) of 3.50 or higher at the end of their first year. At…

Clery, Sue; Topper, Amy

2010-01-01

237

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using mini-aquaria experiments, a learning unit on the effects of light period on aquatic ecosystems was developed for 7th grade students. This guided inquiry unit was aimed at helping students understand basic ecological principles involved in relationships among physical, chemical, and biological components in aquatic ecosystems. It involved…

To-im, Jongdee; Ruenwongsa, Pintip

2009-01-01

238

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim with the present study was to investigate bystander actions in bullying situations as well as reasons behind these actions as they are articulated by Swedish students from fourth to seventh grade. Forty-three semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with students. Qualitative analysis of data was performed by methods from…

Forsberg, Camilla; Thornberg, Robert; Samuelsson, Marcus

2014-01-01

239

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to evaluate sixth-grade Turkish students' spatial visualization ability and to determine the strategies that students employ and the mistakes that they make while solving the problems requiring spatial reasoning. Therefore, the study examined the following achievements: visualizing different view images of…

Kurtulus, Aytac; Yolcu, Belma

2013-01-01

240

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The health of adolescents and the adults they will become can be linked to the health-related behaviors they adopt as children. To replicate a pilot study with a more culturally diverse population a descriptive, correlational study was undertaken with 379 seventh grade students. Key findings from this study include (a) students exposed or involved…

Dowdell, Elizabeth Burgess

2012-01-01

241

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we explored the effects of providing ninth-grade students with the chance to take part in decision making concerning the mathematics level they would be assigned to in high school. Decisions concerned their self-competence regarding their mathematical abilities, their learning goals and the class atmosphere. The students were taught…

Lavy, Ilana; Zarfin, Orly

2013-01-01

242

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a pilot study, sixth grade students (N = 124) completed a questionnaire assessing students' experience with bullying and cyberbullying, demographic information, quality of parent-child relationship, and ways they have dealt with bullying/cyberbullying in the past. Two multiple regression analyses were conducted. The multiple regression analysis…

Accordino, Denise B.; Accordino, Michael P.

2011-01-01

243

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the views of the nature of engineering held by 6th-grade students to provide a baseline upon which activities or curriculum materials might be developed to introduce middle-school students to the work of engineers and the process of engineering design. A phenomenographic framework was used to guide the analysis of data…

Karatas, Faik O.; Micklos, Amy; Bodner, George M.

2011-01-01

244

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study involved the development of a two-tier diagnostic instrument to assess Thai high school students' understanding of acid-base chemistry. The acid-base diagnostic test (ABDT) comprising 18 items was administered to 55 Grade 11 students in a science and mathematics programme during the second semester of the 2008 academic year. Analysis of…

Artdej, Romklao; Ratanaroutai, Thasaneeya; Coll, Richard Kevin; Thongpanchang, Tienthong

2010-01-01

245

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated whether gender differences were present on the confidence judgments made by 8th grade Taiwanese students on the accuracy of their responses to acid-base test items. A total of 147 (76 male, 71 female) students provided item-specific confidence judgments during a test of their knowledge of acids and bases. Using the…

Jack, Brady Michael; Liu, Chia-Ju; Chiu, Houn-Lin; Tsai, Chun-Yen

2012-01-01

246

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines eighth grade students' use of a representational metaphor (cups and tiles) for writing and solving equations in one unknown. Within this study, we focused on the obstacles and difficulties that students experienced when using this metaphor, with particular emphasis on the operations that can be meaningfully represented through…

Caglayan, Gunhan; Olive, John

2010-01-01

247

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the value of "schematic representations" in problem solving requires no further demonstration, the way in which students should be taught how to construct these representations invariably gives rise to various debates. This study, conducted on 146 grade 4 students in Luxembourg, analyzes the effect of two types of "schematic…

Fagnant, Annick; Vlassis, Joëlle

2013-01-01

248

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes a second-grade science curriculum designed to individualize student instruction (ISI-Science) so that students, regardless of initial science and literacy skills, gain science knowledge and reading skills. ISI-Science relies on the 5-E Learning Cycle as a framework and incorporates flexible, homogeneous, literacy skills-based…

Connor, Carol McDonald; Kaya, Sibel; Luck, Melissa; Toste, Jessica R.; Canto, Angela; Rice, Diana; Tani, Novell; Underwood, Phyllis S.

2010-01-01

249

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is known that there are many factors affecting students' problem-solving abilities. In this study, the influence of seventh-grade students' affective factors, their academic success, their gender and their families' educational levels on their problem-solving achievement was examined. To achieve this aim, a Problem-Solving Attitude Scale, a…

Guven, Bulent; Cabakcor, Buket Ozum

2013-01-01

250

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined 361 Chinese and 345 Singaporean sixth-grade students' performance and problem-solving strategies for solving 14 problems about speed. By focusing on students from two distinct high-performing countries in East Asia, we provide a useful perspective on the differences that exist in the preparation and problem-solving…

Jiang, Chunlian; Hwang, Stephen; Cai, Jinfa

2014-01-01

251

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative study investigated the effectiveness of a teacher-implemented intervention of eight sessions integrated into an existing curriculum to reduce test anxiety and improve academic performance in fourth grade students. The experimental group, n=23 was drawn from a sample of 64 students in a southwestern Rhode Island public school…

Donato, Jeanne M.

2009-01-01

252

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: While a significant body of research has addressed teachers' evaluations of mainstream English speaking students, there is a dearth of such research focusing on immigrant adolescents. As many immigrant students are in the process of acquiring English language proficiency, evaluating and assigning grades to immigrant youth can pose…

Bang, Hee Jin; Suarez-Orozco, Carola; Pakes, Juliana; O'Connor, Erin

2009-01-01

253

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored two groups of Grade 11 (age 16-17) students' conceptual understandings about aspects of particle theory before, immediately after, and 3 months after instruction with multiple representations (IMR) and instruction with verbal representations (IVR). Data sources included open-ended questionnaires, interviews, and student

2013-01-01

254

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to help teachers empower students to become thinkers, writers, and especially authors, this book helps teachers develop a writer's mindset in grades 2-6 students. It supports and guides teachers from the week before school through the spring Young Author's Conference that recognizes writing achievement. Chapters in the book are: (1) Kids…

Forney, Melissa

255

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extent to which fifth-grade students participate in online argumentation and the argument patterns they produced about the inquiry-based investigations completed using the Science Writing Heuristic approach in their science classes. One hundred twenty-nine students from five classes of two teachers in a Midwestern public…

Choi, Aeran; Hand, Brian; Norton-Meier, Lori

2014-01-01

256

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we report a 3-yr study of a large-enrollment Cell Biology course focused on developing student skill in scientific reasoning and data interpretation. Specifically, the study tested the hypothesis that converting the role of exams from summative grading devices to formative tools would increase student success in acquiring those…

Kitchen, Elizabeth; King, Summer H.; Robison, Diane F.; Sudweeks, Richard R.; Bradshaw, William S.; Bell, John D.

2006-01-01

257

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study offers important insights into the coexistence of multiple discourses and the link between these discourses and science understanding. It offers concrete examples of students' movement between multiple discourses in sixth-grade science fair presentations, and shows how those multiple discourses in science practices illuminate students'…

Gomez, Kimberley

2007-01-01

258

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research provides an analysis of Internet use and online literacy skill among seventh-grade students who were identified as having a high risk for school dropout. Participants (n = 1,025) included students from 12 middle schools in 9 school districts. Six of the schools were located in rural and urban districts in the Northeast United States…

Hutchinson, Amy; Henry, Laurie A.

2010-01-01

259

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourth-grade students' knowledge of observable moon phases and patterns of change, as well as conceptual understanding of the cause of moon phases, was investigated before and after special instruction. Pretest and post-test data for 48 students were used to address the research question related to observable moon phases and patterns of change.…

Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Atwood, Ronald K.; Christopher, John E.

2007-01-01

260

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between reading comprehension scores and conceptual mathematics scores of third grade students at a selected elementary school. The sample consisted of 27 students of which 15 were females and 12 were males. Data were collected using a teacher made conceptual math exam and the scores from…

Kariuki, Patrick N.; Morris, Dustin A.

2013-01-01

261

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines differences in mathematics achievement among eighth-grade students using a secondary analysis of the data. The students, who are from Malaysia, had participated in the Trend International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 1999. A series of school, home, demographic and socio-economic variables were used to investigate the…

Ismail, Noor Azina; Awang, Halimah

2008-01-01

262

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed at investigating grade four students learning at Jimma town, Ethiopia. A cross sectional survey method was employed. Students, teachers and principals were participants of the study. Standardized tests, questionnaire, interview and observation were the instruments used to collect authentic information from the research…

Lemma, Abbi; Regasa, Tadese; Hailu, Ewnetu; Sime, Tariku; Ferede, Bekalu; Tolemariam, Taye; Dejene, Tariku

2014-01-01

263

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of second grade students about reading, themselves as readers, their motivation to read, and their subsequent reading achievement. Allowing students time to read independently during the school day and providing various reading materials in the classroom are options that some school…

Culmo, Jill R.

2009-01-01

264

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of instructional units designed for gifted students, this booklet describes a humanities unit for students in middle and secondary grades. The specific focus of the unit is on truth as it is perceived and expressed in philosophy, literature, art, music, drama, and the social sciences. The study of truth and its surrounding concepts…

Abbott, Barbara; Kolman, Peter

265

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document presents a curriculum module designed to help 11th grade students become intelligent consumers of educational services by focusing on relevant contemporary legal developments. The major goal is to promote students' awareness and understanding of their role as consumers of educational services, their rights and obligations, legal…

Fischer, Louis; Schimmel, David

266

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) produces various environmental materials for preschool, elementary, and secondary students and sponsors outdoor education programs. An MDC-sponsored survey of students in grades 6 and 12 found moderate levels of environmental knowledge, with weaknesses in the areas of biodiversity, wetlands, and…

Greene, Janice Schnake; Roddiger, Brian; Drysdale, Li'anne; Gray, Ginger; Merrigan, Colleen; Witter, Dan

2000-01-01

267

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When a student fails to master academic material, educators face a range of choices--they can provide extra tutoring, place the student in summer school, or, as a last resort, hold the student back for a year. This last option--retention--often proves to be a difficult and contentious issue for both schools and parents. California currently lacks…

Cannon, Jill S.; Lipscomb, Stephen

2011-01-01

268

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychological availability to students defines immediacy, a concept traditionally measured using ratings of instructor behaviors. However, students' perceptions of their professor's attitude toward them may serve as a more parsimonious measure of psychological availability. In fact, ratings of a professor's attitude toward students are positively…

Wilson, Janie H.

2006-01-01

269

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes the use of the mastery learning approach for two large enrollment introductory level courses. Students were required to complete a minimum number of assignments, and were then given the option to complete additional work that could be substituted for other completed assignments. In general, student perception of these grading systems was favorable; however, students did not seem to take full advantage of the available options because many did not choose to complete the additional assessments that could demonstrate further learning and be used to improve their course grade.

Thompson, James

270

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to investigate the perceptions that male at-risk sixth, seventh and eighth grade students' possess toward reading at a small rural public school district in Michigan. Male at-risk students was generally defined as students below grade level in reading based on their STAR reading assessment. Male…

Douma, Jason Scott

2012-01-01

271

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the probability unit ability levels of the eleventh grade Turkish students were classified through cluster analysis. The study was carried out in a high school located in Trabzon, Turkey during the fall semester of the 2011-2012 academic years. A total of 84 eleventh grade students participated. Students were taught about…

Ozyurt, Ozcan

2014-01-01

272

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although student-teacher interactions about disappointing grades can be beneficial, students do not always engage in them. The objective of this study was to explore the domain of reasons undergraduate students report for not discussing disappointing grades with their instructors. The data analysis yielded six main categories of reasons:…

Wright, Courtney N.

2013-01-01

273

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine six early numeracy measures used to monitor the mathematics progress of kindergarten and first-grade students. Seventy-one kindergarten students and 75 first-grade students were administered the measures each week. Delayed-alternate form reliability was adequate for instructional decision making on some…

Hampton, David D.; Lembke, Erica S.; Lee, Young-Sun; Pappas, Sandra; Chiong, Cynthia; Ginsburg, Herbert P.

2012-01-01

274

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This intervention study was conducted to document conditions under which a computer based literacy game (GraphoGame™) could enhance literacy skills of first grade students in an African city. The participants were first grade students from Government schools (N = 573). These students were randomly sampled into control (N = 314) and various…

Jere-Folotiya, Jacqueline; Chansa-Kabali, Tamara; Munachaka, Jonathan C.; Sampa, Francis; Yalukanda, Christopher; Westerholm, Jari; Richardson, Ulla; Serpell, Robert; Lyytinen, Heikki

2014-01-01

275

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students were surveyed and asked to self-evaluate their performance and time-on-task in six engineering courses (eight sections). Surveys were conducted four times over the course of a 10-week quarter. Students with the highest grade point averages (GPAs) (2.88 mean; 4.00 mode) indicated "no change" while students with lower GPAs (2.67 mean; 1.83…

Khachikian, C. S.; Guillaume, D. W.; Pham, T. K.

2011-01-01

276

This study involved the development of a two?tier diagnostic instrument to assess Thai high school students’ understanding of acid–base chemistry. The acid–base diagnostic test (ABDT) comprising 18 items was administered to 55 Grade 11 students in a science and mathematics programme during the second semester of the 2008 academic year. Analysis of students’ responses from this study followed the methodology

Romklao Artdej; Thasaneeya Ratanaroutai; Richard Kevin Coll; Tienthong Thongpanchang

2010-01-01

277

The authors attempted to examine how Taiwanese junior high school students’ perfectionistic tendencies and implicit theories of intelligence were related to their academic emotions and approach versus avoidance self-regulation, and to determine differences in contingent self-worth, emotions, and self-regulation among students with different subtypes of perfectionism. A total of 481 8th-grade Taiwanese students completed a self-reported survey assessing their perfectionistic

Shu-Shen Shih

2011-01-01

278

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Grading sends a direct message to students about what is expected in class. However, often there is a gap between the assigned grade and the goals of the instructor. In an interview study of faculty teaching calculus-based introductory physics, we verified that this gap exists and identified three themes that appear to shape grading decisions: (1) a desire to see student reasoning, (2) a reluctance to deduct points from a student solution that might be correct, and (3) a tendency to project correct thought processes onto a student solution. When all three themes were expressed by an instructor, the resulting conflict was resolved by placing the burden of proof on either the instructor or the student. The weighting of the themes with the burden of proof criterion explains our finding that although almost all instructors reported telling students to show their reasoning in problem solutions, about half graded problem solutions in a way that would likely discourage students from showing this reasoning.

Henderson, Charles R.; Yerushalmi, Edit; Kuo, H. V.; Heller, Patricia; Heller, Kenneth

2005-10-27

279

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of who has the final say on academic standards (grading), academics or managers, has hitherto not arisen in Greece. Professors entitled to research, to teach and to inquire is a freedom expressed by the Greek Constitution. This article presents a contemporary view and raises concerns about the future and the longevity of academic freedom…

2011-01-01

280

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A perpetual dilemma of schooling is how to help students develop skills needed for everyday life, including the work world. Quantitative literacy, also called numeracy, involves an ability to apply essential mathematics skills to authentic or near-authentic tasks. Carefully planned classroom activities can help students develop these important…

Crawford, Heather; Wiest, Lynda

2011-01-01

281

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through secondary analysis of data collected in middle school science classrooms, this study (a) compared gifted and regular students' beliefs about the malleability of intelligence in science; (b) investigated whether teaching gifted and talented middle-school students about malleability of the brain and study skills helped them to develop a…

Esparza, Julie; Shumow, Lee; Schmidt, Jennifer A.

2014-01-01

282

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students enrolled in a senior-level psychology course used a computer-aided personalized system of instruction (CAPSI) to write tests, and give and receive feedback on their writing at a mastery level. Weekly measures of the number of unit tests requested, the number of unit tests cancelled, and informal student feedback all indicate that a change…

Crone-Todd, Darlene E.; Eyre, Heidi L.; Hutchens, Scott A.; Jones, J. Reid; Pear, Joseph J.

2007-01-01

283

E-print Network

, illustration, or evidence? Design Does the student use effective Design, both for page design Writing Support Network. The Writing Support Network is a web page that lists support services for Scientific and Technical Disciplines. This web site provides information for faculty and students

Minnesota, University of

284

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: This study examined the prevalence of medicine use for headache, stomachache, difficulties in getting to sleep, nervousness, depression and lack of energy among 15- to 16-year-old students; the relationship between medicine use and students' health status; and the relationship between medicine and nicotine, illegal drug, and alcohol use.…

Pisarska, Agnieszka; Ostaszewski, Krzysztof

2011-01-01

285

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide contains a 4-week course designed to address the problems students face in making career or job choices and selecting the appropriate high school courses to give them the necessary skills to achieve their career goal. It contains materials for teachers to use in doing the following: assist students in self-assessment, expand…

Tennessee State Dept. of Employment Security, Nashville.

286

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is great interest in understanding the potential of teacher incentives to improve student achievement. In fact, teacher incentives, either individual or collective, may improve student achievement if they succeed in aligning the public or social goals with the goals of the teacher. However, an approach in which reward is based on outputs can…

Martins, Pedro S.

2010-01-01

287

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While enrolment in tertiary education has increased dramatically over the past decades, many university-aged students do not enrol, nor do they expect to earn a university degree. While it is important to promote high expectations for further education, it is equally important to ensure that students' expectations are well-aligned with their…

OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2012

2012-01-01

288

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional strategies in science that fail to identify students' initial understanding of scientific concepts may leave students' flawed ideas unchanged, thus affecting their ability to synthesize, differentiate, and connect to new information in science. The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the relationship between concept…

Greene, Paulette

2011-01-01

289

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of this study was to assess students' abilities when measuring volume as well as providing a hands-on method for designing a water-filtration process. I studied the trends among gender, time, and ability to measure water in two different groups of fourth grade students. Fourth grade students from both higher income and lower income school districts visited a STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) Studio in order to participate in hands-on, problem-based learning. The students in this study attempted to solve the "Dirty Water Problem" by measuring 281ml of dirty water solution, and using household tools to filter and clean the dirty water. This study showed that 68% of students from a high-income socioeconomic bracket were able to measure a determined volume of water independently. Meanwhile, only 18% of students from a low-income socioeconomic bracket were able to complete the same task independently. In the low-income bracket, 78% of students required assistance measuring a volume of water, indicating that the majority of these students performed below grade level. Where time spent at the station was concerned, the difference between high-income and low-income socioeconomic brackets was insignificant. Key Words: STEM, measurement, volume, design, Dirty Water Problem, socioeconomic bracket.

Jennings, Kelly A.

290

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the views of the nature of engineering held by 6th-grade students to provide a baseline upon which activities or curriculum materials might be developed to introduce middle-school students to the work of engineers and the process of engineering design. A phenomenographic framework was used to guide the analysis of data collected from: (1) a series of 20 semi-structured interviews with 6th-grade students, (2) drawings created by these students of "an engineer or engineers at work" that were discussed during the interviews, and (3) field notes collected by the researchers during the interviews. The 6th-grade students tended to believe that engineers were individuals who make or build products, although some students understood the role of engineers in the design or planning of products, and, to a lesser extent in testing products to ensure that they "work" and/or are safe to use. The combination of drawings of "engineers or engineering at work" and individual interviews provided more insight into the students' views of the nature of engineering than either source of data would have offered on its own. Analysis of the data suggested that the students' concepts of engineers and engineering were fragile, or unstable, and likely to change within the time frame of the interview.

Karatas, Faik O.; Micklos, Amy; Bodner, George M.

2011-04-01

291

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Grade Level Expectations (GLEs) established by the Louisiana Department of Education are intended to ensure that students are prepared for introductory college level chemistry. A sample of students in an introductory Chemistry class at Louisiana State University were tested to confirm that knowledge of the GLEs (chemical concept inventory pre-test and post-test score and normalized gain) correlated with performance in CHEM 1201 (average exam score and final exam score). No significant correlations were found. In-state Louisiana public school students and out-of-state/private school students were then considered separately with the assumption that Louisiana public school students were educated using the GLEs as the framework for their Chemistry education while out-of-state/private school students were not. It was determined that both groups of students performed statistically similarly in every category with the exception of their final exam score, with the out-of-state/private school students performing better.

Davies, M. M.

2010-10-01

292

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This appendix accompanies "Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. A Large-Scale Study of Middle Grades Practices and Student Outcomes. Initial Research Report." This appendix focuses on the findings and domain comparisons of the study. This appendix contains the following: (1) Decision Rules; (2) Full Set of Subdomain…

EdSource, 2010

2010-01-01

293

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This appendix accompanies "Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. A Large-Scale Study of Middle Grades Practices and Student Outcomes. Initial Research Report." This appendix contains the full bibliography of all research and policy documents consulted during the development of the ten research domains and three survey…

EdSource, 2010

2010-01-01

294

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This research investigated the effects of a nutrition education program on dietary behavior and nutrition knowledge among elementary school-aged children participating in a Social Cognitive Theory-based nutrition education program. Participants included 1100 second-grade and third-grade students sel...

295

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation study examines the effects of four teacher-led reading activities recommended by the reading teaching policy and student independent reading activity on the development of English language learners (ELL) reading proficiency at fourth grade in U.S. elementary schools. In this study, I first introduce the significance of studying…

Liu, Siping

2012-01-01

296

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study sought to examine the justification of faculty claims regarding bias in students' assessments of faculty performance that stem from external factors which do not include the quality of their teaching. Specifically, we sought to examine the hypothesis that there is a correlation between lecturer ranking and grades given by…

Davidovitch, Nitza; Soen, Dan

2009-01-01

297

PubMed Central

A sample of 283 Hispanic children with literacy performance at entrance to first grade below the median for their school district was studied as part of a larger research project on the predictors of grade retention in grade 1. Following retention decisions, 51 Hispanic students were retained in first grade. Low literacy skills, being young at entrance to first grade, low ego resilience, low support in the teacher–student relationship, and parents’ low sense of responsibility for their children’s educational outcomes predicted retention decisions. Hierarchical logistics regression investigated the contribution of six categories of variables (academic competencies; socio-demographic characteristics; social, emotional, and behavioral adjustment; resiliency, school context; and home environment) to retention. Controlling for literacy, only being young for grade and parents’ low sense of responsibility for their children’s adjustment to school made a direct contribution to retention. Early literacy skills were higher for children enrolled in bilingual classrooms than for children in non-bilingual classrooms. Implications for educational policy are discussed. PMID:20419036

Willson, Victor L.; Hughes, Jan N.

2010-01-01

298

The present study investigated whether gender differences were present on the confidence judgments made by 8th grade Taiwanese\\u000a students on the accuracy of their responses to acid–base test items. A total of 147 (76 male, 71 female) students provided item-specific confidence judgments during a test of their knowledge of acids and bases. Using\\u000a the correctness of the answer responses, a

Brady Michael Jack; Chia-Ju Liu; Houn-Lin Chiu; Chun-Yen Tsai

299

Abstract Describes an analysis of data on youth gambling, collected as part of a school based drug, alcohol and gambling problem prevention program. The data suggest that gambling is fairly common,amongst,students and increases directly with grade level. Over 22% of the students reported purchasing lottery and other similar ticket based gambling,types that are restricted to people 18 and over. In

Geoff Noonan; Nigel E. Turner; John Macdonald

300

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students encounter difficulty in their transition to advanced mathematical thinking. Such difficulty may be explained by a lack of understanding of many concepts taught in early school years, especially multiplicative reasoning. Advanced mathematical thinking depends on the development of multiplicative reasoning. The purpose of this study…

Carrier, James A.

2010-01-01

301

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading is a basic life skill. Unfortunately, in 2007, only 29% of all eighth graders were able to comprehend at or above a proficient reading comprehension level. Sensory learning styles (kinesthetic, tactile, auditory, and visual) affect the way that students prefer to learn and the areas in which they will have difficulty learning. This study…

Williams, Judy

2010-01-01

302

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gershuny, Pamela; Rainey, Carolyn

2006-01-01

303

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The derivative is not only an important subject for mathematics but also is an important subject for engineering, physics, economy, chemistry, and statistics. Especially, mathematics depends on strongly preceding learning and the subject of derivative will be used in university education by all students. Therefore, it is one of the most important…

Gur, Hulya; Barak, Basak

2007-01-01

304

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project described in this document involves the implementation of an individualized reading program with sixth graders during the spring semesters of the 1970-71 school year and the 1971-72 school year. Behavioral objectives for the students were written in the areas of word recognition skills, vocabulary skills, comprehension skills, speed…

Central Arkansas Education Center, Little Rock.

305

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss the burgeoning number of graphic novels being published for young readers (approximately PK-3) and suggest a new term for identifying this format and audience: primary graphic novels (PGNs), for primary level students. They go on to describe a series of lessons they conducted with a class of 1st and 2nd graders to capitalize on…

Chase, Maggie; Son, Eun Hye; Steiner, Stan

2014-01-01

306

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored how students choose careers, their attitudes toward vocational education, and whether they would consider enrolling in nontraditional vocational education program. Findings from 5,937 ninth graders, and an analysis of the continuing disproportionate enrollments by sex in vocational programs, suggest that nontraditional vocational…

McKenna, Alice E.; Ferrero, Grace W.

1991-01-01

307

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition from middle into high school can be perilous for some students. High school freshmen fail at an alarming rate. In a general sense, the environment, expectations, structure, and culture of high schools are different from middle schools. However, school leaders can implement transition programs that may promote success of 9th graders.…

Roybal, Victoria; Thornton, Bill; Usinger, Janet

2014-01-01

308

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

IF THOSE STUDENTS CLASSIFIED AS UNDERACHIEVERS ARE TO RECEIVE MAXIMUM BENEFIT FROM THEIR EDUCATIONAL EXPERIENCE, EFFORTS MUST BE MADE TO IDENTIFY THEIR PROBLEMS AND AID THEM AT THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL. A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE SHOWS THAT MOST STUDIES CONCERNED WITH UNDERACHIEVERS HAVE BEEN CONCENTRATED AT THE SECONDARY OR COLLEGE LEVEL. A…

MUNGER, PAUL F.; AND OTHERS

309

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the interaction effect between grade level and gender with respect to students' attitudes toward chemistry lessons taught in secondary schools. The sample consisted of 954 chemistry students in grades Secondary 4-7 (approximately 16-19 years of age) in Hong Kong. Students' attitudes were surveyed using an attitude toward chemistry lessons scale (ATCLS), and subscale scores were produced on four dimensions: liking for chemistry theory lessons; liking for chemistry laboratory work; evaluative beliefs about school chemistry; and behavioral tendencies to learn chemistry. When the ATCLS data were subjected to two-way MANOVA, the interaction effect between grade level and gender on students' attitudes toward chemistry lessons was statistically significant. The interaction effect was attributable to scores on the theory lessons subscale and laboratory work subscale. Male students in Secondary 4 and 5 liked chemistry theory lessons more than their female counterparts. However, male students' liking for chemistry laboratory work declined when they progressed from Secondary 4 to Secondary 7; no such a significant decline in attitude toward chemistry laboratory work was found in females. Overall, both males and females were just marginally positive about chemistry lessons during the years of secondary schooling. Implications of these findings for curriculum design are discussed.

Cheung, Derek

2009-01-01

310

PubMed

Our study examined the effects of Write Start, a classroom-embedded handwriting/writing program on handwriting and writing fluency for first grade students, co-taught by occupational therapists and teachers. Two first grade classrooms received the Write Start and two received standard handwriting instruction. This co-taught program included specific feedback during handwriting practice, small group activities, student self-evaluation, and peer supports. The students were evaluated on handwriting legibility, fluency, and written expression at baseline, immediately after the program, and 6 months later. When performance was compared between the two groups, the students in the Write Start program improved significantly more in legibility (d = .57) and fluency (d = .75) than students who received standard instruction. Gains in handwriting speed (d = .18), average legibility (d = .26), and written expression (d = .25) did not differ significantly between the two groups. A co-taught, inclusive handwriting/writing program can promote first grade students' achievement of lower case legibility and writing fluency. PMID:23607325

Case-Smith, Jane; Holland, Terri; White, Susan

2014-02-01

311

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessing students' aptitude and educational performance and grading them on a hierarchical scale is a universal feature of the schooling process. In light of grades' instrumental, motivational, and symbolic saliency in students' school experience, it is not surprising they are highly "valued goods," and the process of their fair or unfair…

Resh, Nura; Dalbert, Claudia

2007-01-01

312

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to identify learning styles of ninth-grade students, to identify teaching styles of four subject teachers, and to compare four academic achievements between different matching conditions of students' learning styles and teachers' teaching styles. The research participants comprised of 3,382 ninth-grade

Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Reungtragul, Auyporn

2013-01-01

313

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this practicum was to effect a substantial improvement in the academic and social profiles of 12 seventh-grade and 6 eighth-grade students with specific learning disabilities who had been targeted as potentially high risk candidates for dropping out of high school. Within a holistically based intervention model, five student

Buckner, Alice E.

314

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigation examined the effects of "GO Solve Word Problems" math intervention on problem-solving skills of struggling 5th grade students. In a randomized controlled study, 16 5th grade students were given a 12-week intervention of "GO Solve", a computer-based program designed to teach schema-based instruction strategies (SBI.s) to…

Fede, Jessica L.

2010-01-01

315

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of teaching based on conceptual change overcome misconceptions of 9th grade high school students about the subject of air pressure. The sampling of the study was formed with two classes of 9th grade students from a general high school in the city-center of Trabzon. A quasi-experimental…

Akbas, Yavuz; Gencturk, Ebru

2011-01-01

316

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus on grades and what they represent happens in every middle grades classroom--some students completely understand the concepts when reviewed, but perform poorly on the quiz; some gifted students score high on tests but appear bored in class. With the current emphasis on school accountability by standardized test scores, middle level…

Turner, Steven L.

2014-01-01

317

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A mixed-method embedded research design was employed to investigate the effectiveness of the integration of technology for second-grade students' vocabulary development and learning. Two second-grade classes with a total of 40 students (21 boys and 19 girls) were randomly selected to participate in this study for the course of a semester. One…

Huang, SuHua

2015-01-01

318

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate, via a model, the explanatory and predictive relationships among the following variables: Mathematical Problem Solving and Reasoning Skills, Sources of Mathematics Self-Efficacy, Spatial Ability, and Mathematics Achievements of Secondary School 8th Grade Students. The sample group of the study, itself…

Yurt, Eyüp; Sünbül, Ali Murat

2014-01-01

319

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many studies have found gender differences in certain areas of academic achievement, such as reading and math. Fewer studies have examined gender disparities in writing skills. The current study explored gender differences in written expression performance. Participants were 1,240 male and female students in third through eighth grade,…

Fearrington, Jamie Y.; Parker, Patricia D.; Kidder-Ashley, Pamela; Gagnon, Sandra G.; McCane-Bowling, Sara; Sorrell, Christy A.

2014-01-01

320

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that while grade retention does not typically increase student performance, it is widely practiced in schools throughout the country. Arguments for retaining a child include immaturity, the belief that an extra year of schooling will produce successful academic outcomes, and failure to meet criteria for promotion. Those who…

Bowman, Lisa J.

2005-01-01

321

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to investigate the effect of learning styles, as well as compare the effect of two different variable structure models of learning styles on factors influencing mathematics achievement. The research sample was made up of 508 seventh-grade students. The findings were that the model including learning styles as factors influencing…

Sriphai, Sunan; Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Sakulku, Jaruwan

2011-01-01

322

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated a Tier 2 intervention in the context of a response-to-intervention (RTI) model for 123 fourth-grade students identified as having a high probability of reading failure. A randomized control trial was used to evaluate the effects of a 24-session multicomponent supplemental intervention targeting fluency and expository…

Ritchey, Kristen D.; Silverman, Rebecca D.; Montanaro, Elizabeth A.; Speece, Deborah L.; Schatschneider, Christopher

2012-01-01

323

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of a multidimensional Canadian sex education programme was evaluated using 240 Grade Nine students. The intervention was offered by representatives from various community groups and involved instructional classes on anatomy/physiology of the reproductive system and sexually transmitted infections, a video and group discussion on…

Smylie, Lisa; Maticka-Tyndale, Eleanor; Boyd, Dana

2008-01-01

324

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to determine physical education activity preferences of 9th grade students in a southern California school district and to compare preferences by ethnicity. Results indicated that basketball, football, bowling, softball/baseball, swimming, and volleyball were the most preferred activities. These preferences may be…

Hill, Grant M.; Cleven, Brian

2006-01-01

325

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes student outcomes following the first year of implementation of an early reading intervention project designed to improve the first language literacy in first grade English language learners (ELLs). Results indicate steady improvement in reading levels and support providing ELLs with interventions that use an intensive, systematic,…

Alanis, Iliana; Munter, Judith; Tinajero, Josefina Villamil

2003-01-01

326

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban African American first-year high school students' absenteeism was found to be negatively related to grade point average (GPA) and avoidance as a means of coping (use of substances as a way to escape--food, alcohol, smoking, caffeine, etc.) and positively related to use of social support as a means of coping (efforts to stay emotionally…

Steward, Robbie J.; Steward, Astin Devine; Blair, Jonathan; Jo, Hanik; Hill, Martin F.

2008-01-01

327

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many researchers believe that prior knowledge is the single most important variable influencing learning. Learning in the classroom is determined or affected positively or negatively, to some degree, by the knowledge people bring to the classroom. This study was designed to: (1) assess fifth- and eighth-grade Korean students' misconceptions of…

Cho, Jung-il

328

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to identify effective instructional practices for teaching writing to elementary grade students, we conducted a meta-analysis of the writing intervention literature, focusing our efforts on true and quasi-experiments. We located 115 documents that included the statistics for computing an effect size (ES). We calculated an average…

Graham, Steve; McKeown, Debra; Kiuhara, Sharlene; Harris, Karen R.

2012-01-01

329

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We compared the materialization of knowledge integration processes in class discussions that followed troubleshooting (TS) and problem-solving (PS) tasks and examined the impact of these tasks on students' conceptual understanding. The study was conducted in two sixth-grade classes taught by the same teacher, in six lessons that constituted a…

Safadi, Rafi'; Yerushalmi, Edit

2014-01-01

330

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to identify and analyze possible factors that mediate the effect of gender on ninth-grade Turkish students' misconceptions concerning electric circuits. A Simple Electric Circuit Concept Test (SECCT), including items with both practical and theoretical contexts, and an Interest-Experience Questionnaire about Electricity…

Sencar, Selen; Eryilmaz, Ali

2004-01-01

331

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of 272 children participated in a study of the effectiveness of three support systems for cuing sixth grade students in interpreting the metaphoric language of poetry. The first system involved regular classroom teachers who applied their own verbal cuing, the second included external instructional support through media and the teachers'…

Folta, Bernarr Paul

332

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Achievement goal theory and the expectancy-value model of achievement choice were used to examine fourth-grade students' motivational changes in an elementary physical education running program. In fall and spring of the school year, participants (N = 113; 66 boys, 47 girls) completed questionnaires assessing achievement goals, expectancy beliefs,…

Xiang, Ping; McBride, Ron E.; Bruene, April

2006-01-01

333

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the study Cabri was used for teaching geometry at 4th grade. To investigate students' geometry level, a semi-experimental method was used. In the test group, geometry subjects are taught using Cabri. A multiple choice test was used to collect data as pre and post test. Answers were assigned as 1 to correct, 0 to wrong answers. Data were…

Tutak, Tayfun; Turkdogan, Ali; Birgin, Osman

2009-01-01

334

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relationships exist between language ability, emotion regulation, and social competence in preschool children. This study examines how these relationships function in elementary school children, and explores whether language ability partially mediates the relationship between emotion regulation and social competence. Second-grade students (N = 67)…

Monopoli, W. John; Kingston, Sharon

2012-01-01

335

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation presents research that investigated how first grade students' ability to construct solutions and to plan through drawing for engineering design problems is related to their participation in a LEGO-based engineering curriculum with two variations on the instruction for planning. The quasi-experimental design engaged two first…

Portsmore, Merredith D.

2010-01-01

336

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A first-year report of the South East Education Development (SEED) project, an organization between the community-at-large and the schools in a disadvantaged section of San Francisco, California, is presented. The author first lists major findings about the primarily Negro first-grade students as a group and an introduction which refers to the…

Counelis, James Steve

337

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To investigate differences in academic success due to age (younger or older than age 23), marital status, and nursing experience, a three-way analysis of variance was performed on the grade point averages of 1,435 female nursing students enrolled in 22 Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) programs in Illinois. The sample, representing over 90 percent of…

Frerichs, Marian L.

338

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher behaviors such as providing frequent opportunities to respond and feedback are known to promote student engagement. In addition, contextual variables such as grade-level and instructional grouping may affect engagement. However, less is known about teacher behavior in these instructional contexts. This study aimed to examine active…

Hollo, Alexandra; Hirn, Regina G.

2015-01-01

339

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Handling appeals against grades is time consuming and requires allocation of resources away from the pursuit of activities such as instruction, research, and supervision of postgraduate students. This study examines grievance policies, frequencies, and outcomes of appeals at the University of California (UCB) and the University of Oslo (UIO). We…

Gynnild, Vidar

2011-01-01

340

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested three models of the structural relationship between the writing achievement of primary grade students and their attitude towards writing (defined here as an affective disposition involving how the act of writing makes the author feel, ranging from happy to unhappy). The three models tested were: (a) writing attitude influences…

Graham, Steve; Berninger, Virginia; Fan, Weihua

2007-01-01

341

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fifty-five first grade students from low socioeconomic neighborhoods who lacked understanding of fundamental concepts frequently found in preschool and primary instructional materials and who possessed a low self-concept and limited experience were divided into a control and two experimental groups. The Boehm Test of Basic Concepts (BTBC) was…

Central Arkansas Education Center, Little Rock.

342

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instruction in narrative text structure on first graders' listening and reading comprehension was examined with a view to documenting strategy instruction and transfer of learning in beginning readers. Of interest was whether or not first-grade students (n=35) would, following instruction within the context of listening to stories, gain in…

Garner, Joanna K.; Bochna, Cynthia R.

2004-01-01

343

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading comprehension strategies are important skills for a child to learn. Good strategies support struggling students to be more successful in all subjects at school as reading is the basis for subsequent mastery of most subjects (Bender & Larkin, 2003). This action research project examined the use of literature circles in a third grade class.…

Briggs, Shawna R.

2010-01-01

344

In order to investigate the effects which thematic preorganizers might have on secondary students’ comprehension of prose fiction, the authors gave specially prepared organizers to tenth?grade experimental group subjects before they read each of six short stories selected from commercial anthologies. Control group subjects read the stories without benefit of the organizers. The investigation demonstrated that thematic preorganizers did not

Terry C. Ley

1991-01-01

345

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS MANUAL IS DESIGNED FOR STUDENTS IN UPPER ELEMENTARY GRADES STUDYING THE SCIENCE CURRICULUM IMPROVEMENT STUDY (SCIS) UNIT "POSITION AND MOTION". THE OVERALL STRUCTURE OF THE UNIT FOLLOWS A CYCLE OF PRELIMINARY EXPLORATION, INVENTION OF SPECIFIC CONCEPTS RELATED TO REFERENCE FRAMES, AND DISCOVERY OF THE USEFULNESS OF THE CONCEPT. PARTICULAR…

BERGER, CARL; MONTGOMERY, MARSHALL

346

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates and compares English graphophonic and word knowledge of anglophone children in French immersion (FI) programs with those of children in regular English (ENG) classrooms. Reveals no differences between the FI and ENG children in kindergarten, but ENG students scored higher at the end of Grades 1 and 2 on most measures. (NKA)

Kendall, Janet Ross; And Others

1987-01-01

347

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to rate oral retellings of fifth graders to determine how passages, raters, and rating occasions affect those ratings, and to identify what combination of those elements produce reliable retelling ratings. A group of 36 fifth grade students read and orally retold three contemporary realistic fiction passages. Two…

Bernfeld, L. Elizabeth Shirley; Morrison, Timothy G.; Sudweeks, Richard R.; Wilcox, Brad

2013-01-01

348

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to describe the practice motivation and regulation of sixth-grade instrumentalists (11-12 years of age). A sample of 224 US band and orchestra students, representing 85 elementary schools, completed a 36-item practice inventory and produced two narratives depicting a typical practice session and a practice episode…

Austin, James R.; Berg, Margaret Haefner

2006-01-01

349

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ninth grade student manual was developed to be used in conjunction with some of the experimental science activities described in the teacher's guide. It contains laboratory worksheets for: (1) measurement; (2) basic energy concepts; (3) heat energy; (4) light; (5) sound; (6) electricity; and (7) present and future energy resources. Additional…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.

350

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this correlational quantitative study was to examine the extent to which teachers perceive the use of benchmark assessment data as effective; the extent to which the time spent teaching mathematics is associated with students' mathematics grades, and the extent to which the results of math benchmark assessment influence teachers'…

Lewis, Lawanna M.

2010-01-01

351

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Web 2.0 technology was implemented during reading instruction in one 3rd-grade classroom in suburban southeastern Pennsylvania. Trained preservice teachers provided feedback to students via the World Wide Web to enhance their performance and social connections. Motivation scores were measured before and after the intervention was implemented. A…

Swanson, Kristen N.; Legutko, Robert S.

2008-01-01

352

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study is to investigate mathematics anxiety among 220 sixth through eighth grade Turkish students in terms of mathematics achievement levels, perceived enjoyment of the mathematics teaching method, perceived enjoyment of mathematics, and perceived help with mathematics from parents. The Mathematics Anxiety Scale for…

Birgin, Osman; Baloglu, Mustafa; Catlioglu, Hakan; Gurbuz, Ramazan

2010-01-01

353

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the authors in this study was to develop an instrument to assess fourth and fifth grade students' attitudes toward physical education. The methods for validation included (a) an elicitation study and instrument question development, (b) a pilot study, and (c) a series of analyses to assess, construct, and content validity and to…

Phillips, Sharon R.; Silverman, Stephen

2012-01-01

354

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the impact of computers on student learning as reported by teachers participating in a study of a computer-based language arts instructional program for the early elementary grades--the Apple Learning Series: Early Language (ALS-EL). Although they found the program difficult to evaluate, some teachers stated that the ALS-EL…

Drexler, Nancy Gadzuk; And Others

355

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An ethnographic, descriptive research methodology was used to explore the service delivery of three U.S. charter schools (one independent and two dependent secondary public charter schools) in Southern New England, United States as they relate to grade nine mildly disabled special needs students. Field research was also conducted in Costa Rica and…

Vincent, Emmanuel Teah

2009-01-01

356

Handling appeals against grades is time consuming and requires allocation of resources away from the pursuit of activities such as instruction, research, and supervision of postgraduate students. This study examines grievance policies, frequencies, and outcomes of appeals at the University of California (UCB) and the University of Oslo (UIO). We find that while the number of formal grievances at the

Vidar Gynnild

2011-01-01

357

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we present standardized measures of tenth grade students' knowledge, attitudes and behaviours concerning sustainable development as those concepts are understood in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, and we test the hypothesis that knowledge and favourable attitudes toward SD lead to favourable…

Michalos, Alex C.; Creech, Heather; Swayze, Natalie; Kahlke, P. Maurine; Buckler, Carolee; Rempel, Karen

2012-01-01

358

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally, students in secondary and postsecondary education have grade point averages (GPA) calculated, and a cumulative GPA computed to summarize overall performance at their institutions. GPAs are used for acknowledgement and awards, as partial evidence for admission to other institutions (colleges and universities), and for awarding…

Volwerk, Johannes J.; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

359

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes "Hot Math," a third-grade intervention conducted with small groups of students with disabilities or in inclusive classrooms that fosters mathematical problem solving. Hot Math integrates two promising practices to promote mathematical problem solving, explicit instruction about transfer and self-regulation strategies.…

Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Prentice, Karin; Burch, Mindy; Paulsen, Kim

2002-01-01

360

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the use of a computer-managed integrated learning system entitled Accelerated Math (AM) as a supplement to traditional mathematics instruction on achievement as measured by TerraNova achievement tests of third and fourth grade high-ability students. Gender, socioeconomic status, and…

Stanley, Ashley M.

2011-01-01

361

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article looks at how arts integration can boost the language development of limited English proficient students in kindergarten through second grade. I first review existing research on how young children learn and describe the special challenges faced by children who must learn in an unfamiliar language. I then identify arts-based mechanisms…

Brouillette, Liane

2012-01-01

362

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the effectiveness of Vernon's "Thinking, Feeling, Behaving" curriculum with second-grade students (N=41). The McDaniel-Piers Young Children's Self-Concept Scale and the Behavioral Academic Self-Esteem Inventory were administered in a pretest-postest format. Results demonstrated that the curriculum is partially effective in improving the…

Donegan, Angela L.; Rust, James O.

1998-01-01

363

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three calculator tests were administered to a national sample of 1,469 Irish students in Grade 9--the last cohort to study mathematics without calculators (Phase 1). Three years later, the same tests were administered to a similar sample with calculators (Phase 2). Scores on a test of calculator-inappropriate items showed no significant change…

Close, Sean; Oldham, Elizabeth; Shiel, Gerry; Dooley, Therese; O'Leary, Michael

2012-01-01

364

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed methods study explored implementing guided reading in grades 3-5 in a suburban school district located in Southeastern Pennsylvania. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how teachers implement guided reading in their classrooms and how the use of guided reading affects student achievement in Text Structure and Vocabulary, Reading…

Huber, Melissa S.

2011-01-01

365

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine constructivist-based algebra lessons and a cooperative construct to address the achievement gap between White (non-Hispanic) and Mexican American 8th grade students at a southern California middle school. The lessons were designed to facilitate social interdependence which promoted peer-to-peer interaction…

Bunrasi, John Bosco Tuptip

2012-01-01

366

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The traditional K-3 social studies curriculum has focused on food, clothing, shelter, communication, transportation, and other cultural universals. A study was designed to provide information with respect to the topic of shelter, and in the process, to assess claims that primary grade students do not need instruction in the topic because they…

Brophy, Jere; Alleman, Janet

367

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through the administration of standardized tests, questionnaires, and an inventory of educational progress designed to assess the application of skills, an effort is made to analyze the literacy, functional literacy, and factors related to achievement in a population of 181 eighth-grade students selected from an inner-city population and a…

Lathen, Levi

368

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development and evaluation of a classroom-based, low-cost intervention to increase parents' involvement in their children's education. In Phase 1 of the study, 17 parents of 8th grade students in a low-income, high immigrant and minority school district were interviewed to conduct a qualitative assessment of factors…

Bennett-Conroy, Waveline

2012-01-01

369

This article looks at how arts integration can boost the language development of limited English proficient students in kindergarten through second grade. I first review existing research on how young children learn and describe the special challenges faced by children who must learn in an unfamiliar language. I then identify arts-based mechanisms that boost the language development of limited English

Liane Brouillette

2012-01-01

370

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although video games are often associated with sedentary behaviors, active gaming is a new genre that requires children to become physically active while playing the games. In this study six fifth grade students' experiences participating in active gaming in eight-week physical education classes were explored. Qualitative methods of interviews,…

Hansen, Lisa; Sanders, Steve

2010-01-01

371

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the achievement of sixth-grade students in an integrated language arts curriculum. Subjects, 228 students in two schools in Southwestern Kansas, were divided into a treatment group of 128 students (who were taught using an integrated approach to language arts instruction) and a control group of 100 students (who were taught…

Argo, Donna K. Sherrill

372

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The researcher employed two designs to address the research question for this particular study. This quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group study compared the math achievement of 92 eighth grade students who received Classroom Performance System (CPS)-based instruction using Peer Instruction (PI) to 76 eighth grade students who received…

Allison, Tracy Michelle Hunter

2012-01-01

373

This article considers the practical, conceptual, and empirical foundations of an early identification and intervention system for middle-grades schools to combat student disengagement and increase graduation rates in our nation's cities. Many students in urban schools become disengaged at the start of the middle grades, which greatly reduces the odds that they will eventually graduate. We use longitudinal analyses—following almost

ROBERT BALFANZ; LIZA HERZOG; DOUGLAS J. MAC IVER

2007-01-01

374

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School personnel currently lack an effective method to pattern and visually interpret disaggregated achievement data collected on students as a means to help inform decision making. This study, through the examination of longitudinal K-12 teacher assigned grading histories for entire cohorts of students from a school district (n=188), demonstrates…

Bowers, Alex J.

2010-01-01

375

PubMed

A prevention trial tested the efficacy of INSIGHTS into Children's Temperament as compared to a Read Aloud attention control condition in reducing student disruptive behavior and enhancing student competence and teacher classroom management. Participants included 116 first and second grade students, their parents, and their 42 teachers in six inner city schools. Teachers completed the Sutter-Eyberg Student Behavior Inventory (SESBI) and the Teacher's Rating Scale of Child's Actual Competence and Social Acceptance (TRS) at baseline and again upon completion of the intervention. Boys participating in INSIGHTS, compared with those in the Read Aloud program, showed a significant decline in attentional difficulties and overt aggression toward others. Teachers in INSIGHTS, compared to those in the attention control condition, reported significantly fewer problems managing the emotional-oppositional behavior, attentional difficulties, and covert disruptive behavior of their male students. They also perceived the boys as significantly more cognitively and physically competent. PMID:20234765

McClowry, Sandra Graham; Snow, David L; Tamis-Lemonda, Catherine S; Rodriguez, Eileen T

2010-03-01

376

E-print Network

The primary purpose of this study was to describe the correspondence between fifth grade students ’ perceived and desired level of parental involvement in their education, with identification of the specific school-related activities in which students want their parents involved. An experimenter-designed survey of ten questions was administered to 96 fifth grade students, 43 males and 55 females. The schools that participated in the study were Sherman Elementary and Manz Elementary in the Eau Claire Area School District in the fall of 1999. Parental involvement was defined as the parent or parents’ participation in on-going classroom and school activities, and involvement in learning activities at home (Watkins, 1997). This study showed that there was a major correspondence between the fifth graders ’ perceived and desired level of parental involvement in their education.

Angela J. Cerni; Cerni Angela J

377

PubMed Central

Children with sickle cell anemia have a higher-than-expected prevalence of poor educational attainment. We test two key hypotheses about educational attainment among students with sickle cell anemia, as measured by grade retention and use of special education services: (1) lower household per capita income is associated with lower educational attainment; (2) the presence of a silent cerebral infarct is associated with lower educational attainment. We conducted a multicenter, cross-sectional study of cases from 22 U.S. sites included in the Silent Infarct Transfusion Trial. During screening, parents completed a questionnaire that included sociodemographic information and details of their child’s academic status. Of 835 students, 670 were evaluable; 536 had data on all covariates and were used for analysis. The students’ mean age was 9.4 years (range: 5–15) with 52.2% male; 17.5% of students were retained one grade level and 18.3% received special education services. A multiple variable logistic regression model identified that lower household per capita income (odds ratio [OR] of quartile 1 = 6.36, OR of quartile 2 = 4.7, OR of quartile 3 = 3.87; P = 0.001 for linear trend), age (OR = 1.3; P < 0.001), and male gender (OR, 2.2; P = 0.001) were associated with grade retention; silent cerebral infarct (P = 0.31) and painful episodes (P = 0.60) were not. Among students with sickle cell anemia, household per capita income is associated with grade retention, whereas the presence of a silent cerebral infarct is not. Future educational interventions will need to address both the medical and socioeconomic issues that affect students with sickle cell anemia. PMID:25042018

King, Allison A.; Rodeghier, Mark J.; Panepinto, Julie Ann; Strouse, John J.; Casella, James F.; Quinn, Charles T.; Dowling, Michael M.; Sarnaik, Sharada A.; Thompson, Alexis A.; Woods, Gerald M.; Minniti, Caterina P.; Redding-Lallinger, Rupa C.; Kirby-Allen, Melanie; Kirkham, Fenella J.; McKinstry, Robert; Noetzel, Michael J.; White, Desiree A.; Kwiatkowski, Janet K.; Howard, Thomas H.; Kalinyak, Karen A.; Inusa, Baba; Rhodes, Melissa M.; Heiny, Mark E.; Fuh, Ben; Fixler, Jason M.; Gordon, Mae O.; DeBaun, Michael R.

2014-01-01

378

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Assessment of Educational Progress (2000) reports an achievement gap between male and female students and majority and minority students in science literacy. Rutherford and Algren (2000) describe a scientifically literate person as one who is aware that science, mathematics, and technology are interdependent human enterprises with strengths and limitations; understands key concepts and principles of science; is familiar with the natural world and recognizes both its diversity and unity; and uses scientific knowledge and scientific ways of thinking for individual and social purposes. The purpose of this qualitative case study research was to investigate African American eighth grade female students' perceptions and experiences as learners of science literacy. A social learning theory (Bandura, 1986) and constructivist theory (Vygotsky, 1977) served as a guide for the researcher. Two questions were explored: (1) What are African American eighth grade female students' perceptions and experiences as learners of science literacy? (2) In what ways do the perceptions and experiences of African American eighth grade female students influence their learning of science literacy? Purposeful sampling (Merriam, 1998) was used with four African American eighth grade female students selected as participants for the study. Data collection and analysis occurred between February and August in a single year. Data sources included an open-ended questionnaire, two in-depth interviews with each participant (Seidman, 1991); classroom observations, participant reflective journals, student artifacts, and a researcher's log. Data were analyzed through the constant comparative method (Glaser & Strauss, 1967), and richly descriptive participant portraits and qualitative case studies (Merriam, 1998) were used to report the findings. Three themes emerged from the study that positively affected the perceptions and experiences of African American eighth grade female students as learners of science literacy: (1) the influence of family members, especially mothers and grandmothers, (2) the personal connections made to science concepts and real life, (3) the creative student-researched and designed projects, labs, and experiments. Trustworthiness and rigor were established through adherence to guidelines for establishing credibility, confirmability, dependability, and transferability (Lincoln & Guba, 1985).

Crim, Sharan R.

379

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study analyzed 2005 posttest data compared to 2008 posttest data to determine student end of school year academic achievement outcomes across three academic levels (above average, average, and below average chemistry potential) and two teacher homework evaluation methods (assigned but not graded and assigned and graded) on teacher prepared…

Wilson, Jennifer L.

2010-01-01

380

PubMed

This article examines participation in school-based prevention activities from a statewide sample of 11th grade students in Ohio. About 42% of subjects indicated they had never been involved in a prevention education activity. Differences existed in mean number of activities by both gender and White/nonWhite status. Popular prevention education activities included participation in D.A.R.E. (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) at elementary, junior high, and senior high levels, "Just Say No Clubs"; Quest; and Red Ribbon Week. Only a small proportion of youth participated exclusively in any one of these activities. An association existed between student participation in prevention education and level of drug involvement. Students in each activity had lower mean scores for drug involvement when compared to students who had never participated in a prevention education activity. Also, the lowest mean scores occurred among students who had participated in multiple prevention activities. PMID:9644608

Donnermeyer, J F; Davis, R R

1998-04-01

381

PubMed Central

2014-01-01

382

PubMed Central

Developing systems thinking skills in school can provide useful tools to deal with a vast amount of medical and health information that may help learners in decision making in their future lives as citizen. Thus, there is a need to develop effective tools that will allow learners to analyze biological systems and organize their knowledge. Here, we examine junior high school students’ systems thinking skills in the context of the human circulatory system. A model was formulated for developing teaching and learning materials and for characterizing students’ systems thinking skills. Specifically, we asked whether seventh grade students, who studied about the human circulatory system, acquired systems thinking skills, and what are the characteristics of those skills? Concept maps were used to characterize students’ systems thinking components and examine possible changes in the students’ knowledge structure. These maps were composed by the students before and following the learning process. The study findings indicate a significant improvement in the students’ ability to recognize the system components and the processes that occur within the system, as well as the relationships between different levels of organization of the system, following the learning process. Thus, following learning students were able to organize the systems’ components and its processes within a framework of relationships, namely the students’ systems thinking skills were improved in the course of learning using the teaching and learning materials. PMID:25520948

Raved, Lena; Yarden, Anat

2014-01-01

383

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Roberts, Patrice Helen

384

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the ways in which discourse and social context lead to identity construction in relationships between Black and White students in a large (Grades 6-8) urban middle school. Looking at issues of cross-cultural communication through focus group discussions among Grade 8 students at this school provides an opportunity for the…

Stoughton, Edy Hammond; Sivertson, Connie

2005-01-01

385

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effect of class practices on students' learning gains in reading comprehension in the 5th grade. A sample of 4,344 students in 283 classes in 176 schools was studied. Several class practices that have previously been demonstrated to be effective were tested while controlling for student characteristics and…

Vanlaar, Gudrun; Denies, Katrijn; Vandecandelaere, Machteld; Van Damme, Jan; Verhaeghe, Jean Pierre; Pinxten, Maarten; De Fraine, Bieke

2014-01-01

386

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings from research on students' general environmental concerns, experiences, beliefs, attitudes, worldviews, values, and actions relating to climate change. Data was gathered from a sample of 646 seventh-grade students. The findings indicate that students identify climate change as a consequence of modern life. They…

Özdem, Yasemin; Dal, Burçkin; Öztürk, Nilay; Sönmez, Duygu; Alper, Umut

2014-01-01

387

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the developmental paths of Japanese Grade 1 students' understanding of quantities through the examination of their addition solution methods over the school year period. The individual students exhibited a wide range of experiences with and knowledge of addition from the beginning to the end of the school year. Students

Murata, Aki

2004-01-01

388

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the performance of seventh-grade students with and without disabilities, educated in inclusive mathematics classes, on a mathematics assessment aligned to state standards with graphing calculators as an accommodation. The study used random assignment of classes to condition with students nested in classes. Students did not use…

Bouck, Emily C.

2009-01-01

389

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effect of interactive multimedia (IMM) program on students' acquisition of some English as a second language (ESL) skills. An interactive multimedia CD-ROM was used with ninety 6th grade ESL students in Al-Ain Model School 2, United Arab Emirates. Students were selected and divided into experimental and control groups…

Almekhlafi, Abdurrahman Ghaleb

2006-01-01

390

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports how 24 grade 4-6 students in one elementary and middle school interpreted formal and informal representations of variables. While interpretations for variables represented as letters (e.g., x and y) have been well established for students in algebra classes and beyond, little research into elementary school students'…

Switzer, Matt

2011-01-01

391

A cohort of 2nd-grade students provided comparisons of academic and social competence based on school retention\\/promotion decisions. Sample groups were (a) retained, (b) at risk for retention, (c) special education, and (d) promoted. Findings suggested most children with academic deficiencies are identified by schools early and are sorted into educational treatments differing in intensity that represent a continuum of competence.

Margaret Beebe-Frankenberger; Kathleen M. Bocian; Donald L. MacMillan; Frank M. Gresham

2004-01-01

392

PubMed Central

Teacher, peer, and student reports of the quality of the teacher-student relationship were obtained for an ethnically diverse and academically at-risk sample of 706 second and third grade students. Cluster analysis identified four types of relationships based on the consistency of child reports of support and conflict in the relationship with reports of others: Congruent positive, Congruent Negative, Incongruent Child Negative and Incongruent Child Positive. The cluster solution evidenced good internal consistency and construct validity. Cluster membership predicted growth trajectories for teacher-rated engagement and standardized achievement scores over the following three years, above prior performance. The predictive associations between child reports of teacher support and conflict and outcomes depended on whether child reports were consistent or inconsistent with reports of others. Study findings have implications for theory development, assessment of teacher-student relationships, and teacher professional development. PMID:20728688

Wu, Jiun-yu; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-man

2010-01-01

393

PubMed Central

Objectives We estimated the prevalence of recess-based moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and vigorous physical activity (VPA) among third grade students attending low-income, urban schools in Texas. Methods Structured observations (n=77 class and 616 student observations) using SOFIT were conducted over three-months in 8 elementary schools with majority Hispanic students. Results Students engaged in 66.4% and 19.2% of their ~20 minute recess time in MVPA and VPA, respectively. Boys engaged in more MVPA and VPA (P<.007). Contextual differences in activity (setting and activity type) were identified. Conclusions Findings underscore the importance of scheduled recess time for children’s physical activity. PMID:23985178

Springer, Andrew E.; Tanguturi, Yasas; Ranjit, Nalini; Skala, Katherine A.; Kelder, Steven H.

2012-01-01

394

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, a multiple-choice test entitled the Science Process Assessment was developed to measure the science process skills of students in grade four. Based on the Recommended Science Competency Continuum for Grades K to 6 for Pennsylvania Schools, this instrument measured the skills of (1) observing, (2) classifying, (3) inferring, (4) predicting, (5) measuring, (6) communicating, (7) using space/time relations, (8) defining operationally, (9) formulating hypotheses, (10) experimenting, (11) recognizing variables, (12) interpreting data, and (13) formulating models. To prepare the instrument, classroom teachers and science educators were invited to participate in two science education workshops designed to develop an item bank of test questions applicable to measuring process skill learning. Participants formed writing teams and generated 65 test items representing the 13 process skills. After a comprehensive group critique of each item, 61 items were identified for inclusion into the Science Process Assessment item bank. To establish content validity, the item bank was submitted to a select panel of science educators for the purpose of judging item acceptability. This analysis yielded 55 acceptable test items and produced the Science Process Assessment, Pilot 1. Pilot 1 was administered to 184 fourth-grade students. Students were given a copy of the test booklet; teachers read each test aloud to the students. Upon completion of this first administration, data from the item analysis yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.73. Subsequently, 40 test items were identified for the Science Process Assessment, Pilot 2. Using the test-retest method, the Science Process Assessment, Pilot 2 (Test 1 and Test 2) was administered to 113 fourth-grade students. Reliability coefficients of 0.80 and 0.82, respectively, were ascertained. The correlation between Test 1 and Test 2 was 0.77. The results of this study indicate that (1) the Science Process Assessment, Pilot 2, is a valid and reliable instrument applicable to measuring the science process skills of students in grade four, (2) using educational workshops as a means of developing item banks of test questions is viable and productive in the test development process, and (3) involving classroom teachers and science educators in the test development process is educationally efficient and effective.

Smith, Kathleen A.; Welliver, Paul W.

395

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Henize Observatory at Harper College, a community college in suburban Chicago, has conducted biweekly public viewing sessions from March to November for over ten years. Recently, we developed two complementary public education programs for primary and secondary school students. The Cosmic Explorers program allows students in Grades 3-6 to observe and identify night sky objects and receive small rewards for completing four “seasons” of observing in their Night Sky Passport. The Henize Docent program gives students in Grades 7-12 the opportunity to assist with observatory operations, including the Cosmic Explorers program, and learn about astronomy and nature interpretation methods. Together, these two programs have rejuvenated our public viewing sessions and generated a real excitement in the community. The success of these programs has presented new challenges for the observatory. Innovative solutions for crowd control and expanded training for volunteer staff were necessary to support the increased visitor load. Students in the docent program have been highly motivated and require training and challenges to keep them engaged. One unexpected benefit was increased interest in Harper College's Astronomy Club as students, particularly those in education, participate in these informal education opportunities. Both programs can be adapted to any venue with night time observing and access to telescopes. We will discuss the programs, their costs, program materials and marketing, challenges and solutions, and future plans. This work is supported by a Harper College Resource for Excellence Grant.

Moorthy, Bhasker K.; Kabbes, J.; Page, K. A.; Cole, K.

2013-06-01

396

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current observational case study involves four second grade students without disabilities in a classroom in which a disruptive student with disabilities was included. The purpose of the study was to record and analyze the academic responses (AR) and inappropriate behaviors (IB) that were exhibited by students without disabilities in three…

Duvall, Steven F.; Jain, Sachin; Boone, Denise

2010-01-01

397

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Kentucky Education Reform Act of 1990 brought about systemic transformations at all levels of the state P--12 educational system. While the reform has generally been accepted as successful at the elementary and secondary levels, improvements in the state's middle schools have been negligible, particularly in the subject of science. Central to problems at the middle school level is the lack of empirical research linking student seventh grade science achievement with certain instructional strategies, mediating variables, and demographic variables. The purposes of this study focus on possible connections among these variables. The study was constructed around ten theorized relationships at the two levels of research: the individual student level and the composite school level. Simultaneous and hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to investigate possible relationships. Consistent throughout the data analysis is the negative linkage between the use of computers and student achievement. Results of this study would suggest that computer use in the science classrooms is detrimental to the improvement of science achievement test scores at the seventh grade level, at least as currently practiced. Several strategies such as use of textbooks and worksheets as well as specific hands-on strategies have a positive relationship with science achievement. Certain demographic factors were found to have linkages to student achievement. Analysis indicates that white students perform at a higher level than do their non-white counterparts. Free and reduced lunch students typically performed at a lower level than students who are not classified as poor. Female students score higher on the science achievement test. Mediating variables such as student effort and confidence demonstrated relationships with student science achievement. The findings are unique in the Commonwealth of Kentucky and represent the first available connections among the variables under investigation. While answers have been suggested to the questions posed in this research, clearly a number of puzzling questions have been raised. Future research is needed to answer these questions if Kentucky's middle schools are to prosper in seventh grade science in the years to come.

Ennis, Larry S.

398

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One basis of good teaching is to know about your students' preconceptions. Studies about typical ideas that students bring to the science classroom have been and continue to be a major field in science education research. This study aims to explore associations and ideas that students have regarding "radiation", a term widely used in various…

Neumann, Susanne; Hopf, Martin

2012-01-01

399

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined possible influences of demonstrator gender on children's instrument choices. Participants (N = 104) included boys (n = 53) and girls ( n = 51) in fifth grade (n = 27), third grade (n = 41), and kindergarten (n = 36) in six intact music classes from a single elementary school. Pretest and posttest consisted of circling (Grades 3…

Killian, Janice N.; Satrom, Shauna L.

2011-01-01

400

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Malik Goes to School: Examining the Language Skills of African American Students From Preschool-5th Grade" synthesizes a decade of research by the authors, Holly Craig and Julie Washington, on the oral language and literacy skills of African American children from preschool to fifth grade. Their research has characterized significant influences…

Craig, Holly K.; Washington, Julie A.

2005-01-01

401

In 1979, the secondary schools in Center Line, Michigan were reorganized from the junior high-three year high school to the middle school-four year high school pattern. With the placement of the ninth grade in the high school, an average of over 50 freshmen failed each year, over 18 percent of the students. The last year the ninth grade was in

GORDON H RUEHS

1984-01-01

402

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose was to evaluate teachers' perceptions of teaching social skills to Fifth grade students using social studies lessons. The survey model has been used as a research method. The 5th grade teachers working in elementary schools in Canakkale province included in the scope of the study have been interviewed and a questionnaire has been…

Sahin, Cavus

2010-01-01

403

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors apply a regression-discontinuity design to identify the causal impact of letter grades on student effort within a course, subsequent credit hours taken, and the probability of majoring in economics. Their methodology addresses key issues in identifying the causal impact of letter grades: correlation with unobservable factors, such as…

Main, Joyce B.; Ost, Ben

2014-01-01

404

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines Standards of Learning for grades 6-12 students in Virginia that are covered when they attend live performances of William Shakespeare's plays. The paper details separate standards for each grade in English, subdivided into standards which fulfill requirements in Oral Language, Reading/Literature, Writing, and Research, along…

Brookshire, Cathy A.

405

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to predict the third grade English reading TAKS scores while considering the same students' native language, Spanish, reading level as assessed by a state-approved reading assessment, the Evaluacion del desarrollo de la lectura (EDL), from the end of the second grade year. In addition, this study was been designed to…

Moses, Britani Creel

2010-01-01

406

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research examining children's ratings of stressful life events indicated that, by the time children are in sixth grade, they fear only going blind and losing a parent more than academic retention. The current study provides a contemporary analysis of elementary grade students' perceptions of stressful life events at home and school. First-,…

Anderson, Gabrielle E.; Jimerson, Shane R.; Whipple, Angela D.

2005-01-01

407

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the links between grades, psychological disengagement mechanisms (discounting evaluative feedback and devaluing school), and motivation among female students in traditional and non-traditional career paths. We predicted that the association between grades and discounting is affected by the importance of…

Rinfret, Natalie; Tougas, Francine; Beaton, Ann M.; Laplante, Joelle; Ngo Manguelle, Christiane; Lagacé, Marie Claude

2014-01-01

408

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two groups of fifth-grade pupils were equated on reading ability, I.Q., science ability, hearing, and eyesight. The groups selected were well above average in I.Q. and reading ability. Four selections, each of 400 to 500 words, from standard fifth-grade elementary science texts were presented by allowing students to read them or by reading them to…

Friedman, Robert M.

409

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings from a randomized control trial designed to inform the decisions of policymakers who are considering using online courses to provide access to Algebra I in grade 8. It focuses on students judged by their schools to be ready to take Algebra I in grade 8 but who attend schools that do not offer the course. The study…

Heppen, Jessica B.; Walters, Kirk; Clements, Margaret; Faria, Ann-Marie; Tobey, Cheryl; Sorensen, Nicholas; Culp, Katherine

2011-01-01

410

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To compare the efficacy of three different short-term service delivery methods on first grade children with soft neurological signs who suffer from visual-motor difficulties. One hundred and forty seven first grade students who scored below the 21st percentile on the Visual-Motor Integration Test (VMI) were recruited from schools and randomly…

Ratzon, Navah Z.; Lahav, Orit; Cohen-Hamsi, Shifra; Metzger, Yehiela; Efraim, Daniela; Bart, Orit

2009-01-01

411

E-print Network

Places to Museum Madness-Fourth Grade Students get involved in a trivia contest when they visit the National Museum be answered in order to win the contest! Researching and completing creative projects enables a trivia team

Hutcheon, James M.

412

E-print Network

The study examined the demographic profiles associated with academic performance for third grade students in North Forest and Aldine Independent School Districts (ISDs) in Texas. Specifically, the study showed the impact that gender, ethnicity...

Slaughter, Steven Darryll

2009-05-15

413

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges and universities work hard to create environments that encourage student learning, and they develop grading policies, in part, to motivate their students to perform well. Grades provide two kinds of information about a student's abilities and learned knowledge: "internal" information that informs the students themselves about the…

Harris, Gregory A.

2010-01-01

414

PubMed Central

Kasanda, C. D.; Mitonga, K. H.; Veii, K.; Zimba, R. F.

2013-01-01

415

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While qualitative studies of teacher perceptions of classroom organization have been performed, quantitative studies linked to standards-based assessments are noticeably absent. Two questions guided the research: What is the impact of classroom layout in grade 4 on student achievement in science? How does space use change in a classroom when the furniture is reorganized? The study was conducted in five classrooms in two rural, elementary schools. In two classrooms, teachers placed a large science materials table in the center of the room to make science activities a focal point for students. Two classrooms, that were used as controls, continued to operate using their established organization. The organization of the fifth classroom had included a large table in the center of the room for a number of years. This room was also used as a control. Data were collected in three ways. Quantitative data were collected from the New York State Grade-4 Science Program Evaluation Test. Qualitative data were collected using the Classroom Spatial Utilization and Migration Form and by creating a classroom map. The data were presented in quantitative, narrative, and graphic forms. Data from the New York State Grade-4 Science Program Evaluation Test were analyzed using a matrix published by the New York State Education Department and by using SPSS software. Classroom spatial utilization and migration patterns were visually evaluated. The guiding hypothesis that placing a large table in the center of the room would result in improved student performance was not totally supported by the data. Student density was correlated to student achievement. Specifically, classroom space per student was positively correlated to the inquiry science skills of classifying, manipulating materials, measuring, recording data, using non-standard measurement, and making predictions. Classroom arrangement was not as important as open space per student. This research is important because classrooms that were designed for teacher-centered instruction may not be adequate for hands-on, inquiry science learning. A study of the way in which students engage in science activities relative to classroom organization could influence the instructional pedagogy of teachers. Recommendations regarding educational policy and classroom practice are presented.

Duncanson, Edward Francis

416

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of improved school climate, as teachers' beliefs changed from negative to positive over time, on students' reading, math, and writing assessment scores and teacher administered grade scores in reading, math, and writing. Overall, findings indicate that lose, maintain, or improve…

Marten, Dawn M.

2012-01-01

417

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One basis of good teaching is to know about your students' preconceptions. Studies about typical ideas that students bring to the science classroom have been and continue to be a major field in science education research. This study aims to explore associations and ideas that students have regarding `radiation', a term widely used in various fields and necessary to understand fundamental ideas in science. In an explorative study, the perceptions of 50 high school students were examined using semi-structured interviews. The students were 14-16 years old and were chosen from 7 different high schools in an urban area in Austria. Following an interview guideline, students were asked about their general associations with the term `radiation' as well as about their general understanding of different types of radiation. A qualitative analysis of these interviews following the method of Flick (2009) revealed that the students' associations were, to a great extent, very different from the scientific use of the term. Several conceptions that could inhibit students' learning processes could be identified. Consequences for the teaching of the topic `radiation' in science lessons, which are based on these preconceptions, are presented in the conclusion.

Neumann, Susanne; Hopf, Martin

2012-12-01

418

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of student management teams (SMTs) is a relatively new teaching technique designed to increase the quality of college courses and student performance and engagement within those courses. However, to date, little systematic, empirical research has validated the effectiveness of using SMTs. To test the effectiveness of this technique, the…

Troisi, Jordan D.

2014-01-01

419

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grade distributions were determined for 188 students enrolled at John Tyler Community College (JTCC) in fall 1985, who completed high school in spring 1985. Analyses, which focused on high school attended, courses for which grades were recorded, and status and curriculum of the students, revealed the following: (1) over one-half of all grades

Hollins, Carol S.; Smith, Myra Goodman

420

The effects of different instructors and student Myers-Briggs Type Inventory personality characteristics on the accuracy of predicting 1041 introductory English composition grades from a single regression equation were investigated. The instructor variable was defined by three groups of classes: high grade means, average grade means, and low grade means. The Scholastic Aptitude Test Verbal, Test of Standard Written English, and

K. Terry Schurr; Forrest Houlette; Arthur Ellen

1986-01-01

421

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The use of Peer Instruction to enhance lectures in large enrollment introductory college science courses has become widespread. In this technique, learner responses to multiple choice questions posed by the instructor during lecture are recorded and displayed in real time by an electronic classroom response system (CRS). Peer Instruction takes place when learners are given time to discuss ideas with their neighbors before registering individual responses. Although much research has been done to study the impact of Peer Instruction on student learning and engagement, little is known about the dynamics of the peer discussions that occur just before students register responses to questions. The results of this study suggest that the grading incentive instructors adopt for incorrect question responses impacts the nature and quality of the peer discussions that take place. Two large enrollment college astronomy classes employing contrasting assessment strategies for CRS scores were observed. In the high stakes classroom where students received little credit for incorrect CRS responses, it was found that conversation partners with greater knowledge tended to dominate peer discussions and partners with less knowledge were more passive. In the low stakes classroom where students received full credit for incorrect responses, it was found that students engaged in a more even examination of ideas from both partners. Conversation partners in the low stakes classroom were also far more likely to register dissimilar responses, suggesting that question response statistics in low stakes classrooms more accurately reflect current student understanding and therefore act as a better diagnostic tool for instructors.

James, Mark C.

2012-01-20

422

PubMed Central

Favazzo, Lacey; Willford, John D.; Watson, Rachel M.

2014-01-01

423

PubMed Central

Introduction Changing from a conventional discipline-based, basic science medical school curriculum to an integrated systems-based curriculum, which was graded on overall performance not by discipline, was associated with a highly significant improvement in an externally administered comprehensive exam at the end of the 2-year basic science program. The reason for the improvement was unclear, but we hypothesized that it was partly due to a change in student study strategy. Anecdotal evidence suggested that students had changed their study habits to spend less time on previously harder-to-pass courses and more time on courses with previously lower failure rates. If this were so, performance in previously harder disciplines might have deteriorated, while performance in previously easier disciplines could have improved. Methods We examined relative performance in the four discipline-based courses of Systemic Pathology, Microbiology, Pharmacology, and Introductory Clinical Medicine (ICM) in the fourth (and last) semester of the curriculum. We compared failure rates in these four courses for the three cohorts before the change with the three cohorts after. Results Pharmacology and Microbiology which had failure rates over twice as high as Systemic Pathology and ICM in the conventional program before the curriculum change showed a deterioration in performance after the change with an approximately threefold rise in internal failure rate. In contrast, Systemic Pathology showed a dramatic improvement with a more than threefold drop in the failure rate, while the ICM clinical skills course, which was largely assessed by a practical exam in all 6 cohorts, showed no change. Conclusion The improvement in student performance in an external assessment may be due, at least partly, to a change in the school's internal grading policy which led to a more appropriate balancing of student study strategies. Future studies on the effect of curriculum change should include an assessment of the impact on student study strategies. PMID:24434026

Cooles, Philip E.; Harrigan-Vital, Miscilda; Laville, Agnes

2014-01-01

424

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the conceptual pathways of 19 Grade 11 introductory chemistry students (age 16-17) as they participated in a multirepresentational instruction on the particulate nature of matter (PNM). This study was grounded in contemporary conceptual change theory, in particular, research on students' conceptual pathways that focuses on…

Adadan, Emine; Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Irving, Karen E.

2010-01-01

425

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aims to investigate the relationship between metacognitive awareness, reading motivations, reading levels and reading comprehension success of fifth grade students using comparative relative scan model. There were 577 students. In the result of the research, in which data were collected with four scales, it was concluded that reading…

Memis, Aysel; Bozkurt, Metin

2013-01-01

426

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings from the Santa Clara County (California) survey of Drug, Alcohol, and Tobacco Use among Students in Grades 5, 7, 9, and 11 administered during the spring of 1991 to 5,180 students in 51 randomly selected county schools. An executive summary discusses sampling error, sample demographics, and findings on drug use…

Constantine, Norm; And Others

427

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report describes accomplishments of a program designed to promote abilities of 75 potentially gifted culturally different students in grades 3-4. Student selection procedures included the Basic Structure of Intellect (SOI) Learning Abilities Test and teacher interviews. The curriculum emphasized SOI materials and cultural arts. Detailed data…

Howells, Ronald F.

428

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effectiveness of the Assessment and LEarning in Knowledge Spaces (ALEKS) system as a method of strategic intervention in after-school settings to improve the mathematical skills of struggling 6th grade students. Students were randomly assigned to after-school classrooms in which they either worked with ALEKS to improve…

Hu, Xiangen; Craig, Scotty D.; Bargagliotti, Anna E.; Graesser, Arthur C.; Okwumabua, Theresa; Anderson, Celia; Cheney, Kyle R.; Sterbinsky, Allan

2012-01-01

429

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study evaluated self-regulated learning (SRL) strategies of 27 students in grades 9-12 during an engineering design project. The specific focus of the study was on student task interpretation and its relation to planning and cognitive strategies in design activities. Two research questions guided the study: (1) To what degree was…

Lawanto, Oenardi; Butler, Deborah; Cartier, Sylvie; Santoso, Harry; Lawanto, Kevin; Clark, David

2013-01-01

430

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to determine the effect of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) on the academic achievement and motivation of seventh-grade students. The study used a quasi-experimental design and a set of social studies lessons. The study was conducted over the 2006-2007 academic year on the students of a primary school at Ankara, Turkey's…

2010-01-01

431

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing financial fitness requires developing a knowledge base and then applying it. This teacher guide and student workouts package contains 15 lessons from students at grades 3-5, divided into 4 theme areas of earning and income, saving, spending and borrowing, and managing money. The development of knowledge for use in the everyday life of…

Suiter, Mary C.

432

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Targeted as a highly desired skill for contemporary work and life, problem solving is central to game-based learning research. In this study, middle grade students achieved significant learning gains from gameplay interactions that required solving a science mystery based on microbiology content. Student trace data results indicated that effective…

Spires, Hiller A.; Rowe, Jonathan P.; Mott, Bradford W.; Lester, James C.

2011-01-01

433

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In considering mathematics problem solving as a model-eliciting activity (Lesh & Doerr, 2003; Lesh & Harel, 2003; Lesh & Zawojewski, 2008), it is important to know "what" students are modeling for the problems: situations or solutions. This study investigated Grade 3 students' mathematization process by examining how they modeled different…

Murata, Aki; Kattubadi, Sailaja

2012-01-01

434

The present study conducted to investigate the contribution of conceptual change texts, accompanied by concept mapping instruction to eleventh-grade students' understanding of cellular respiration concepts, and their retention of this understanding. Cellular respiration concepts test was developed as a result of examination of related literature and interviews with teachers regarding their observations of students' difficulties. The test was administrated as

Salem A. Al Khawaldeh; Ali M. Al Olaimat

2010-01-01

435

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the attitudes toward reading of Western Kansas students in grades 1-6. Of the 156 students in the sample, 45 participated in the study group while 111 constituted the control group. The independent variables were participation status, achievement in reading, gender, socioeconomic class status, intelligence test scores, and…

Rains, Navene N.

436

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS STUDY ATTEMPTED TO REDUCE THE NUMBER OF VARIABLES FROM THE EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR NINTH GRADE STUDENTS IN AN EMPIRICALLY MEANINGFUL WAY IN ORDER TO REDUCE THE VOLUME OF DATA PROCESSING AND COMPLEXITY OF LATER ANALYSES. AN ACHIEVEMENT COMPOSITE WAS FORMED BY WEIGHTING AND SUMMING A STUDENT'S SCORE ON THE FOLLOWING…

MAYESKE, GEORGE W.; AND OTHERS

437

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examined teacher-student agreement on the measure: "bullies and kids they pick on" in 38 (15 first, 12 third, and 11 fifth grade) elementary school classrooms. Overall agreement between teachers and students was low, 7.9%. The frequency of bully-victim dyads reported by teachers and victim prominence were positive…

Ahn, Hai-Jeong; Rodkin, Philip C.; Gest, Scott

2013-01-01

438

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether an intervention including an online game contributed to 236 Grade 6 students' performance in early algebra, that is, solving problems with covarying quantities. An exploratory quasi-experimental study was conducted with a pretest-posttest-control-group design. Students in the experimental group were asked to…

Kolovou, Angeliki; van den Heuvel-Panhuizen, Marja; Koller, Olaf

2013-01-01

439

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A descriptive, holistic, multiple-case methodology was applied to examine the nature of participation in discourse of two low- and two high-achieving grade 6 students while solving mathematical tasks in a standards-based classroom. Data collected via classroom observations and student interviews were analyzed through a multiple-cycle coding…

Lack, Brian; Swars, Susan Lee; Meyers, Barbara

2014-01-01

440

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study concentrated on the characteristics of Grade 2 students' writing in mathematics class who used the Project M[superscript 2] units to learn geometry and measurement. Included in the study were students with high and low levels of content knowledge. Archived data from the Project M[superscript 2] study were analyzed to determine the…

Cohen, Jeremy A.

2012-01-01

441

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this longitudinal study was twofold: to examine shifting from African American English (AAE) to mainstream American English (MAE) across the early elementary grades, when students are first exposed to formal instruction in reading; and to examine how metalinguistic and cognitive variables influenced the students'…

Craig, Holly K.; Kolenic, Giselle E.; Hensel, Stephanie L.

2014-01-01

442

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effect of the Social Decision-Making Skills Curriculum (SDSC) on the emotional intelligence and the prosocial behaviors of primary students in Grades 1-3, in a private school in Lebanon. Students were trained in social problem-solving and social decision-making skills through the implementation of the SDSC. Participants…

El Hassan, Karma; Mouganie, Zeina

2014-01-01

443

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study surveyed fourth-grade students (N=677) and teachers (N=489) from China, Taiwan, and the United States regarding their views toward different classroom management strategies in dealing with four kinds of classroom behaviors: (1) causing a disruption by talking to other students; (2) giving a wrong answer to a question; (3) behaving well;…

Chen, Jen-Jen

444

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aims to determine whether the use of specific types of visualization (3D illustration, 3D animation, and interactive 3D animation) combined with narration and text, contributes to the learning process of 13- and 14- years-old students in science courses. The study was carried out with 212 8th grade students in Greece. This…

Korakakis, G.; Pavlatou, E. A.; Palyvos, J. A.; Spyrellis, N.

2009-01-01

445

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research has been to generate learning environments that surrounded second and third grade students with bi-directional counting experiences, leading them to discover and come to an understanding of opposite numbers. While engaged in games and bi-directional activities, these young students eagerly counted, by jumping frogs…

2010-01-01

446

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet contains 15 lessons to infuse the study of law and citizenship education into an eighth grade social studies curriculum. The lessons are designed to encourage inquiry among the students and to use community resource people, particularly attorneys. Through these lessons, teachers can build support for democratic values, while students

Coleman, Gary; And Others

447

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the effectiveness of an intervention designed to teach mathematical concepts through music. Specifically, it investigated the effect of the intervention on third-grade students' understanding of fractions. Sixty-seven students from one northern California elementary school participated in the study over a period of six weeks; of…

What Works Clearinghouse, 2012

2012-01-01

448

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research is to investigate the effect on students' attitudes toward mathematics when cartoons are used in teaching integers. The research was designed in the form of a pre-test and post-test with a quasi experimental control group. The research participant group was composed of sixty-one (61) 7th grade students attending…

Sengül, Sare; Dereli, Mehtap

2013-01-01

449

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major purpose of this study was to ascertain the reading and math progress made by Title I eligible intermediate grade students who lived and attended school in the Minneapolis Public Schools Target Area. A comparison group of students was also selected for study from a non-target school. The study population was all 1969-70 fourth graders…

Bergeth, Robert

450

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this report is to provide information about the level of student performance in the area of writing based on results from the annual on-demand writing sample required during the North Carolina Writing Assessment at grades 4 and 7 for 2001-02. The report was generated using aggregate student data from North Carolina public schools,…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Instructional Services.

451

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because research exploring how students with disabilities read and comprehend on the Internet is scarce, a mixed methods study was implemented to determine if Internet Reciprocal Teaching (IRT) is an effective intervention for improving online reading comprehension among seventh grade students with high-incidence disabilities in inclusive…

Robbins, Katherine R.

2010-01-01

452

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data were collected for this action research to determine the value of an extrinsic reward as a self-management tool for motivating eighth grade language arts students. The sample was drawn from students at a school in the northwest suburbs of Chicago, Illinois. The school was one of two middle schools in the city. This convenience sample…

Rejholec, Tod

453

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study attempts to determine those factors which exist concurrent with high achievement as measured by the Iowa Test of Basic Skills (ITBS). The data were drawn from sixth grade students enrolled in the Des Moines, Iowa Public Schools during 1974-75. Based on the various analyses, a profile of the individual student most likely to be a high…

Wilson, Morris D.; And Others

454

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research involving gifted and grade-level students has shown that they display differences in their knowledge of self-regulatory strategies. However, little research exists regarding whether these students differ in their actual use of these strategies. This study aimed to address this question by examining think-aloud data collected from 98…

Greene, Jeffrey A.; Moos, Daniel C.; Azevedo, Roger; Winters, Fielding I.

2008-01-01

455

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"It's All Connected" provides teachers of mathematics the support they need to improve their instruction. This in-demand collection of lessons for grades 6-8 explores proportionality, proportional relationships, and proportional reasoning, acknowledging that the ability to reason proportionally is crucial in the middle school mathematics…

Whitman, Carmen

2011-01-01

456

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of the Delaware Department of Education's ongoing efforts to provide assistance and support to local school districts in their development of a standards-based curriculum, this document presents the eight science standards for middle school. The standards for grades 6-8 are: (1) nature and application of science and technology; (2) materials…

Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover.

457

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Group differences in the effects of the expectancies and values that high-ability students have for science and mathematics on plans to persist in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) were investigated. A nationally representative sample of ninth-grade students, the High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (HSLS: 2009; n =…

Andersen, Lori; Ward, Thomas J.

2014-01-01

458

PubMed Central

Background Although professional identity development is an important concept in medical education, the process has not been well-investigated from a student perspective. Purpose This study examines the metaphorical images formulated by first grade medical students in Turkey to describe physicians in the context of establishing a professional identity, along with its limitations. Method Participants (N=148) completed the prompt: A physician is like _____ because _____ to indicate their conceptualizations of physician. The data were analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. Results Altogether, 71 well-articulated metaphorical images were identified – comprising six conceptual themes. Conclusions While subject to some limitations, the use of metaphors to formulate and describe professional identities can be helpful in reflecting the personal beliefs and values of matriculants to medical school, as well as providing some guidance and feedback to curriculum development efforts. PMID:24559504

Korkmaz, Hunkar; Senol, Yesim Y.

2014-01-01

459

PubMed Central

This study investigated a Tier 2 intervention in the context of a Response to Intervention (RTI) model for 123 fourth grade students who were identified as having a high probability of reading failure. A randomized control trial was used to evaluate the effects of a 24 session multi-component supplemental intervention targeting fluency and expository comprehension of science texts. Intervention students performed significantly higher on comprehension strategy knowledge and use and science knowledge, but not on word reading, fluency, or other measures of reading comprehension. Moderators of intervention effects were also examined; children at higher risk in the intervention condition appeared to benefit more in comparison to lower probability children in intervention and compared to higher probability children in the control condition. PMID:22685347

Ritchey, Kristen D.; Silverman, Rebecca D.; Montanaro, Elizabeth A.; Speece, Deborah L.; Schatschneider, Christopher

2012-01-01

460

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to identify the sources of reading difficulties and to evaluate reading fluency of 9th grade students which aims to improve students' reading and their understanding of complex literary texts. The sample is composed of 120 students selected from 9th grade of 10 different high schools in central province of Ankara…

Üstten, Aliye Uslu

2014-01-01

461

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a summary of a larger report that focuses on student proficiency reading and math from 2003-04 to 2006-07. The report compares gaps in performance on state achievement tests between grade 8 American Indian and Alaska Native students and all other grade 8 students in 26 states serving large populations of American Indian and…

Nelson, Steven; Greenough, Richard; Sage, Nicole

2009-01-01

462

PubMed

Aim of this study was to determine prevalence of cigarette smoking and hookah use among 10th grade students in Istanbul, Turkey, and to compare sociodemographic, psychological and behavioral variables according to frequency of tobacco use. Cross-sectional online self-report survey conducted in 45 schools from the 15 districts in Istanbul/Turkey. The questionnaire included sections about demographic data, family characteristics, school life, psychological symptoms and use of substances including tobacco, hookah, alcohol, marijuana, volatiles, heroin, cocaine, non-prescribed legal tranquillizers (benzodiazepines, alprazolam etc.) and illegal tranquillizers (flunitrazepam). The analyses were conducted based on the 4957 subjects. Trial at least once in life is observed as 45.4% for hookah use and as 24.4% for cigarette use. Risk of hookah and cigarette use was significantly higher in male students than in female students. Frequency of tobacco use is related with various sociodemographic, psychological and behavioral variables. Our data also shows that using tobacco and alcohol increases the risk of all the other substances use and these effects are interrelated. The data suggest that there is a link between tobacco use and substance use, psychological, behavioral and social factors. There is also a strong association between tobacco use and suicidal behavior as well as self-mutilative, impulsive, hyperactive, delinquent, aggressive and behavioral problems. The illumination of these relationships may be relevant in prevention and management of tobacco use as well as important problems, such as substance use, impulsivity, hyperactivity, delinquent, aggressive self-mutilative and suicidal behavior among 10th grade students in Istanbul. PMID:24655632

Evren, Cuneyt; Evren, Bilge; Bozkurt, Muge

2014-04-01

463

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM) is a primary focus of attention for many stakeholders' (e.g., teachers, district mathematics leaders, and curriculum developers) intent on improving mathematics education. This article reports on specific content shifts related to the geometry domain in the middle grades (6-8)…

Teuscher, Dawn; Tran, Dung; Reys, Barbara J.

2015-01-01

464

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online learning has significantly changed the educational landscape in recent years, offering advantages to both schools as well as students. Despite the fact that some faculty members are not supportive of online learning, researchers have demonstrated that the quality of online learning to be as effective as classroom learning. It has been…

Revels, Mark; Ciampa, Mark

2012-01-01

465

PubMed

We investigated the efficacy of a morphological awareness intervention on the morphological awareness and reading skills of students from low-socioeconomic-status homes; we also examined whether the intervention was similarly effective for intervention students who differed in their initial morphological awareness abilities. The 8-week intervention was designed to increase awareness of affixes and the relations between base words and their inflected and derived forms for kindergarteners (n = 27) and first- (n = 22) and second-grade (n = 26) students. Students randomly assigned to the small group intervention were provided instruction four times a week, 25 min a day, whereas students assigned to the control group received "business as usual." Kindergarten and first- and second-grade students receiving the intervention showed statistically significant gains in morphological awareness with large effect sizes on most measures. Students in all three grades who received the intervention demonstrated nonsignificant gains in literacy abilities with null to small effect sizes. Further, students with low morphological awareness abilities at the onset of the study demonstrated similar gains from the intervention as their peers with typical morphological awareness abilities. Our results suggest that explicit morphological awareness instruction may produce gains of practical importance to young elementary students at risk for future literacy difficulties. PMID:24191977

Apel, Kenn; Diehm, Emily

2014-01-01

466

E-print Network

Although college grades are used in the assessment of academic performance and in the determination of the criterion-related validity of tests designed to predict academic performance, there exists virtually no systematic empirical research...

Dovalina, Christen L

2014-03-31

467

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fernbank Science Center in Atlanta, GA (USA) offers instruction in planetary science and astronomy to gifted 9th grade students within a program called "Scientific Tools and Techniques" (STT). Although STT provides a semester long overview of all sciences, the planetary science / astronomy section is innovative since students have access to instruction in the Center's Zeiss planetarium and observatory, which includes a 0.9 m cassegrain telescope. The curriculum includes charting the positions of planets in planetarium the sky; telescopic observations of the Moon and planets; hands-on access to meteorites and tektites; and an introduction to planetary spectroscopy utilizing LPI furnished ALTA reflectance spectrometers. In addition, students have the opportunity to watch several full dome planetary themed planetarium presentations, including "Back to the Moon for Good" and "Ring World: Cassini at Saturn." An overview of NASA's planetary exploration efforts is also considered, with special emphasis on the new Orion / Space Launch System for human exploration of the solar system. A primary goal of our STT program is to not only engage but encourage students to pursue careers in the field of science, with the hope of inspiring future scientists / leaders in the field of planetary science.

Albin, Edward F.

2014-11-01

468

PubMed

Researchers have reported positive associations between physical activity and academic achievement. However, a common belief is that improving academic performance comes at the cost of reducing time for and resources spent on extracurricular activities that encourage physical activity. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between self-reported physical activity and grade point average (GPA) for health science graduate students. Graduate students in health science programs completed the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and reported their academic progress. Most participants (76%) reported moderate to vigorous physical activity levels that met or exceeded the recommended levels for adults. However, there was no significant correlation between GPA and level of physical activity. Negative findings for this study may be associated with the limited range of GPA scores for graduate students. Future studies need to consider more sensitive measures of cognitive function, as well as the impact of physical activity on occupational balance and health for graduate students in the health fields. PMID:25069099

Gonzalez, Eugenia C; Hernandez, Erika C; Coltrane, Ambrosia K; Mancera, Jayme M

2014-01-01

469

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Explanations involving submicro levels of representation are central to science education, but known to be difficult for students in secondary school. This study examines students' written explanations of physical and chemical phenomena regarding matter and changes in matter, in a large-scale test. This is done in order to understand linguistic challenges in constructing submicro level explanations involving the particle model of matter. Drawing from systemic functional linguistics, the lexicogrammatics used in explanations for realising experiential meaning in student explanations were analysed. We used answers to two partly constructed response items from the Swedish part of Trends in International Mathematics and Science Studies 2007, grade 8, to sort out explanations referring to the particle model of matter. These answers (86 from 954) were analysed regarding choices of vocabulary and grammar to distinguish between macro and submicro level of representation. The results show that students use a wide variety of lexicogrammatical resources to realise what happens on both macro and submicro level of representation, with greater diversity of verbs on the submicro level of explanation. The results suggest an uncertainty about the distinction between macro and submicro level of explanation.

Frändberg, Birgitta; Lincoln, Per; Wallin, Anita

2013-12-01

470

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the opinions of 170 Turkish elementary students in grades 6-8 about what makes a good teacher. Students completed surveys that asked about how they would describe a good teacher, what a teacher should do to be good, and what they would do and would not do if they were good teachers. Questions were open-ended to elicit student

Aksoy, Naciye

471

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As instructors, we want our students to develop a deep understanding of course material, and feedback is essential in their sense-making process. Providing effective individualized feedback to students in large courses is especially difficult. While researchers suggest,1 and many instructors of large courses are,2,3 incorporating interactive techniques that allow peer feedback, studies have shown that it's important for students to also have direct feedback from the instructor.4 Since the requirement for individualized feedback is difficult to meet during class time in large courses, providing effective feedback on exams and quizzes takes on added importance. Some instructors choose to assess their students using open-ended written exam items that require students to demonstrate their understanding of physics by solving a problem and/or explaining a concept. Because grading these items can be time consuming, the challenge is to develop an approach to grading and provision of feedback that is both efficient and effective.

Paul, Cassandra; Potter, Wendell; Weiss, Brenda

2014-11-01

472

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this study, the authors examined students' perceptions of their grades throughout an introductory biology course. Since large majorities of students prefer open-book exams (Moore and Jensen 2008); they sought to determine how these exams affect students' perceptions regarding their eventual final grades. Although open-book exams may be useful in many courses, their data suggest that such exams often foster a false sense of confidence and a less accurate perception of final grades in courses such as the one described here. These results are consistent with an earlier report indicating that open-book exams may impede long-term learning (Moore and Jensen 2007), and call into question the long-term value of open-book tests in introductory science courses.

Jensen, Philip A.; Moore, Randy

2009-01-01

473

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Brian K McFarlin (University of Houston Health and Human Performance)

2007-11-21

474

PubMed

The Bahamian Ministry of Education has elected to implement at a national level in all Bahamian government grade six classes an evidence-based HIV prevention intervention [Focus on Youth in the Caribbean (FOYC)]. This study explores fidelity of implementation of the intervention, factors that may influence implementation fidelity, and the impact of variations in the implementation fidelity on student outcomes. Data were collected in the first wave of national implementation in 2011, involving 35 government primary schools and 110 teachers and 2,811 students. Structural equation modeling was performed to examine the relationships among factors which facilitated or impeded teachers' implementation of FOYC. Results indicate that teachers taught 16.3 out of 30 core activities, 24.9 out of 46 total activities, and 4.4 out of 8 sessions on average. The strongest predictor of implementation fidelity was teacher comfort level with the FOYC curriculum. Teachers who did not perceive the FOYC intervention to be important for their students or who had attended only part of a FOYC training workshop were more likely to change the curriculum. Increased duration of experience as a teacher (>10 years) was negatively associated with fidelity of implementation. Teacher's perception of the importance of the FOYC intervention and implementation fidelity had direct positive effects on students' HIV/AIDS knowledge, reproductive health skills, protective intentions, and self-efficacy. Youth did not appear to benefit from FOYC if two or fewer sessions were delivered. We concluded that an evidence-based HIV prevention intervention can be implemented at a national level. Prior training of teachers in the intervention curriculum, teacher perception of the importance of the intervention, and fewer years as a teacher are associated with implementation fidelity. Implementation fidelity is associated with improved student outcomes. PMID:24736950

Wang, Bo; Deveaux, Lynette; Knowles, Valerie; Koci, Veronica; Rolle, Glenda; Lunn, Sonja; Li, Xiaoming; Stanton, Bonita

2015-01-01

475

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Developing solutions for complex issues such as global climate change requires an understanding of the mechanisms involved. This study reports on the impact of a technology-enhanced unit designed to improve understanding of global climate change, its mechanisms, and their relationship to everyday energy use. Global Climate Change, implemented in the Web-based Inquiry Science Environment (WISE), engages sixth-grade students in conducting virtual investigations using NetLogo models to foster an understanding of core mechanisms including the greenhouse effect. Students then test how the greenhouse effect is enhanced by everyday energy use. This study draws on three data sources: (1) pre- and post-unit interviews, (2) analysis of embedded assessments following virtual investigations, and (3) contrasting cases of two students (normative vs. non-normative understanding of the greenhouse effect). Results show the value of using virtual investigations for teaching the mechanisms associated with global climate change. Interviews document that students hold a wide range of ideas about the mechanisms driving global climate change. Investigations with models help students use evidence-based reasoning to distinguish their ideas. Results show that understanding the greenhouse effect offers a foundation for building connections between everyday energy use and increases in global temperature. An impediment to establishing coherent understanding was the persistence of an alternative conception about ozone as an explanation for climate change. These findings illustrate the need for regular revision of curriculum based on classroom trials. We discuss key design features of models and instructional revisions that can transform the teaching and learning of global climate change.

Visintainer, Tammie; Linn, Marcia

2015-01-01

476

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide helps teachers to lead students in grades 6-8 to investigate themselves and the world of work as a basis for career planning. It is planned for a semester course, but may be modified by local planners utilizing any or a combination of complete course units. Each of the four units of instruction contains the following: a…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education Services.

477

PubMed

Achievement goal theory and the expectancy-value model of achievement choice were used to examine fourth-grade students' motivational changes in an elementary physical education running program. In fall and spring of the school year, participants (N = 113; 66 boys, 47 girls) completed questionnaires assessing achievement goals, expectancy beliefs, subjective task values, and intention for future running participation. They also completed a timed 1-mile (1.6 km) run. The number of laps they ran/walked during the school year was used to assess students' persistence/effort. Results indicated the students improved their run but became less motivated about running while participating in a year-long running program. Children's beliefs about how good they were in the running program (i.e., expectancy beliefs) and their perceptions of how interesting and fun it was (i.e., interest) emerged as the strongest positive predictors of their motivation for running over time. These findings provide strong empirical evidence that expectancy beliefs and interest are essential to children's motivation in elementary physical education. PMID:16898276

Xiang, Ping; McBride, Ron E; Bruene, April

2006-06-01

478

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document features lesson plans for teachers and students on Florida's water resources. The guide is divided into four grade levels: K-2, 3-5, 6-8, and 9-12. Each grade level includes objectives, guides, and five lesson plans. K-2 lesson plans include: (1) "We Are Water"; (2) "Why Water is Extra Special"; (3) "Water's Changing Shapes"; (4)…

2001

479

PubMed

This nonexperimental correlational study describes handwriting performance in 69 typically developing first graders (mean age = 82.0 months +/-3.6) using the Evaluation Tool of Children's Handwriting- Manuscript. The relationship between handwriting and specific sensorimotor components was also examined and revealed modest associations (r = 0.32-0.40; p < 0.05). Mean legibility scores ranged from 68% to 87% with wide variability in speed. Boys demonstrated significantly lower mean legibility scores compared with girls. Teacher rating of handwriting and the ETCH-M scores were modestly correlated (r =-0.37 to -43; p < 0.01). Handwriting predictors included in-hand manipulation, visual motor control, upper limb speed, dexterity, and steadiness. The factors contributing to legible handwriting are multifactorial and complex. The results have implications for identification of students in first grade whose handwriting is below age expectations. PMID:17442654

Feder, Katya P; Majnemer, Annette; Bourbonnais, Daniel; Blayney, Marc; Morin, Isabelle

2007-01-01

480

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this quantitative study was to investigate the predictive ability of six teacher variables: absenteeism, age, gender, degree level, certification status, and experience on fifth-grade mathematics achievement as measured by norm- and criterion-referenced tests. The study was conducted in a large suburban school district in Georgia…

Colquitt, Gavin T.

2009-01-01

481

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the quasi-experimental study was to determine whether integrating students' experiences with science concepts enhanced science learning. Fourth and fifth grade students from six classrooms in a rural elementary school in northern Mississippi participated in the study. A reading comprehension strategy, Linking Experiences and Reading Network (LEARN), enabled students to build knowledge from their prior experiences through the use of a series of three graphic organizers. LEARN enabled busy teachers to move their curriculum toward a constructivist approach to learning while keeping their previously planned science lessons. LEARN was significantly more effective than conventional methods alone the second time the strategy was implemented. Students in both grades demonstrated significant improvement in science learning when prior experiences were used as a foundation for learning.

Holmes, Kerry Pauline

2000-10-01

482

The present study conducted to investigate the contribution of conceptual change texts, accompanied by concept mapping instruction\\u000a to eleventh-grade students’ understanding of cellular respiration concepts, and their retention of this understanding. Cellular\\u000a respiration concepts test was developed as a result of examination of related literature and interviews with teachers regarding\\u000a their observations of students’ difficulties. The test was administrated as

Salem A. Al khawaldeh; Ali M. Al Olaimat

2010-01-01

483

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to search the effect of the cluster method on the creative writing skill of 6th grade students. In this paper, the students of 6-A, studying at Ulas Primary School in 2010-2011 academic year, were divided into two groups as experiment and control. Taking into consideration the various variants, pre-test and last-test…

Sahbaz, Namik Kemal; Duran, Gozde

2011-01-01

484

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is great concern over students' poor science achievement in the United States. Due to the lack of science achievement, students are not pursing science related careers resulting in an increase in outsourcing to other countries. Learning strategies such as concept mapping may ameliorate this situation by providing students with tools that encourage meaningful learning. The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to measure the effects of three concept mapping learning strategies (concept identifying, proposition identifying, student generated) on urban middle school students' understanding of the circulatory system. Three intact classes of seventh-grade students were assigned to one of the three concept mapping strategies. The students were given a pretest on the circulatory system then learned and used their respective concept mapping strategies while learning about the circulatory system. At the conclusion of the study, students' science achievement was measured by performance on an achievement test and rubric scores of their respective concept identifying, proposition identifying, and student generated concept maps. The results of the study suggest that all three of the concept mapping strategies are effective in increasing students' science achievement. Additionally, the moderate significant correlations between the posttest and concept map scores of the current study established that concept maps are a useful measure of student knowledge. Lastly, the results of the current study also suggest that the concept identifying mapping strategy may be a useful scaffold in instructing students how to develop student generated concept maps.

Dosanjh, Navdeep Kaur

2011-12-01

485

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to develop an attitudinal instrument that could be used over the course of a funded local systemic change project to measure the changes in attitudes toward science of African-American fifth grade students. After examining many instruments, we modified an existing one so that it retained acceptable reliability for fifth grade students, both males and females, in an urban school district. The modified instrument was short enough so that young students who often have short attention spans would not become inattentive. We shortened the Attitudes Toward Science Inventory: version A (ATSI:a), a 48-item Likert-scale instrument to 25 items, and designated it the Modified Attitudes Toward Science Inventory (mATSI). We selected the ATSI:a because of its multidimensional nature and our belief that attitudes toward science cannot be measured on a single scale. Two phases were used for the modification: (a) after establishing that the ATSI:a was reliable for males and females and African-American middle grades students, we conducted a factor analysis to select an appropriate subset of items to form the shortened version, and (b) we administered this shortened version to a pilot group of African-American fifth grade students. Reliability was established using Cronbach's alpha. The new version, mATSI, cut administration time from 60 to 40 minutes. It also retained alpha coefficients on all five scales above the 0.50 minimum level set by McMillan and Schmacher (1993) and Nunnally (1967) for attitudinal instruments when sorted by ethnicity and gender for a sample of fifth grade students.

Weinburgh, Molly H.; Steele, Donald

486

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study is a four-year longitudinal study examining the important predictors of writing of 340 Chinese children in elementary grades. Children's transcription skills (handwriting skills and spelling), and syntactic skills in grade 1 were significant predictors of text writing in grade 1-4 while ideation in grade 1 only contributed…

Yeung, Pui-sze; Ho, Connie Suk-han; Chan, David Wai-ock; Chung, Kevin Kien-hoa

2013-01-01

487

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to evaluate effectiveness of rich and basic instruction to incidental exposure of target words with first-grade students within the context of repeated shared storybook reading. Participants were 224 first-grade students, randomly assigned to a condition by classroom, from three elementary schools that serve large…

Maynard, Katrina L.; Pullen, Paige C.; Coyne, Michael D.

2010-01-01

488

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines and classifies the metaphors that twelfth grade students formulated to describe the concept of "learning mathematics". The sample of the study consists of 669 twelfth grade students (317 female, 352 male) of two Anatolian and two vocational high schools located in the city center of Denizli. The following questions…

Guner, Necdet

2013-01-01

489

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relation between the attitudes and components of attitude of the students towards algebra with their algebra achievements. The population for this study consists of all government tenth grade students and their mathematics teachers in Addis Ababa city administration. Sixteen tenth grade sections were…

Atnafu, Mulugeta

2010-01-01

490

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to examine how first grade students in primary education held and gripped a pencil and their compressive strength using a descriptive research method. The participants of the research comprises first grade students attending a private school in the city center of Ankara (n=79). All of the four different sections in this private…

Temur, Turan

2011-01-01

491

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to determine the effect of the Van Hiele model based instruction process on the creative thinking levels of 6th grade primary school students. Pre test-post test matching control group quasi-experimental design was used in the study. Fifty five students enrolled in sixth grades during the 2005-2006 educational year formed…

Erdogan, Tolga; Akkaya, Recai; Celebi Akkaya, Sibel

2009-01-01

492

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of the conceptual change oriented instruction through cooperative learning (CCICL) and traditional science instruction (TI) on 4th grade students' understanding of earth and sky concepts and their attitudes toward earth and sky concepts. In this study, 56 fourth grade students from the…

Celikten, Oksan; Ipekcioglu, Sevgi; Ertepinar, Hamide; Geban, Omer

2012-01-01

493

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the relationship between students' performance on the Cognitive Abilities Test (CogAT) and the fourth and fifth grade Reading and Math Achievement Tests in Ohio. The sample utilized students from a suburban school district in Northwest Ohio. Third grade CogAT scores (2006-2007 school year), 4th…

2010-01-01

494

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This synthesis examined the effects of peer tutoring on academic performance of students with disabilities in Grades 6 through 12. Twelve studies met all the criteria for this synthesis: (a) original studies, (b) published in peer-reviewed journals between 1997 and 2007, (c) investigated peer tutoring in special education students in Grades 6…

Okilwa, Nathern S. A.; Shelby, Liz

2010-01-01

495

E-print Network

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of Scholastic, Incorporated's ReadAbout software system on student achievement in the subject of reading. The study assessed the relationship between the amount of time third and fourth grade...

McGlothlin, Ross M.

2010-01-14

496

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this correlational study was to examine the possible relationships among children's extracurricular toy-playing habits, sex-role orientations, spatial abilities, and science achievement. Data were gathered from 282 Midwestern, suburban, fifth-grade students. It was found that boys had significantly higher spatial skills than girls.…

Tracy, Dyanne M.

497

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the effects of the "Cherry Hill Study Skills Program" on eighth grade students' reading comprehension and study skills. The "Cherry Hill Study Skills Program" is a process oriented course dealing with the sequential development of nine specific skills deemed essential to the retrieval and retention of information…

La Marca, Marilyn Tierney

498

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was an investigation of the influence of word-problem context--the nonmathematical, verbal aspect of a problem--on fourth- and sixth-grade students' preferences for and problem solving performance on word problems. Problems were parallel in mathematical structure but differed by major context category--fantasy and real-world.…

Wiest, Lynda R.

499

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this dissertation was to explore the perceptions and experiences of one class of sixth grade students enrolled in a Title I supplemental reading class. Qualitative research methods included observations, interviews, archived data, and Miscue Analysis. I examined the data through a Vygotsky constructivist perspective to provide…

Donalson, Kathleen

2008-01-01

500

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is the second in a series of modules from a project to adapt the New York State Health Education curriculum for physically disabled students (grades K-12). An introductory section to the volume on sociological health problems provides definitions and summaries about nine physically disabling conditions and briefly considers activities at…

Reggio, Kathryn D.; And Others