The purpose of this study is to develop an "Elementary School Student Burnout Scale for Grades 6-8". The study group included 691 students out of 10 schools in Eskisehir. Both Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis were conducted on the data (Burnout stem from school activities, burnout stem from family, feeling of…
Evansville-Vanderburgh School Corp., IN.
This social studies curriculum guide is designed to challenge academically talented middle school students, encourage them to acquire and use critical thinking skills, and recognize the importance of global awareness. Areas of study include Latin America and Canada for grade six, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia for grade seven, and U.S.…
Rob Schoonen; Jan Hulstijn; Bart Bossers
This article gives the results of a study among 685 students in grades 6, 8 and 10 in the Netherlands to whom we administered grade-appropriate measures of reading comprehension and vocabulary knowledge in their native language (NL), Dutch, as well as, in grades 8 and 10, in English as a foreign language (EFL). All students answered the same questionnaire on
Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics
This virtual manipulative enables the student to construct histograms to summarize data. A histogram divides the range of values in a data set into intervals. Each interval is shown as a rectangle whose area represents the percentage of data values in the interval. Students enter data into a table and the manipulative displays histogram and notes minimum and maximum data values, median and average, number in the data set, and standard deviation. The interval width is adjustable and displayed. Features enable the user to order the data values and display a histogram of data. Instructions for using the manipulative and a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standard for data analysis and probability are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse
Education Development Center
This assessment material is designed to help the mentor determine what a grade 6-8 student understands about statistics and probability. The material contains a set of seven short assessment activities that require the use of paper and pens. Also found is an inventory for use by the student's classroom teacher and a mentor planning guide. Answers to assessment questions are correlated to specific activities available in the related instructional unit. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse
Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics
Using this virtual manipulative, the learner makes a plan and uses commands to move a turtle on a blank screen. The commands are presented as buttons symbolizing a variety of possible movements. The learner must think logically to form a plan and select commands to move the turtle on the screen. The manipulative illustrates the relationship between numbers and movement. The learner uses the buttons to create a program for forward movements of a selected numbers of steps and of rotations from 15 to 90 degrees. In more challenging activities the turtle can be manipulated through a maze or around different objects. Included are instructions for using the manipulative and a link to the NCTM grades 6-8 standard for number and operations. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse
In this module released by General Motors Education students (grades 6-8) learn about the science of electricity and its application to the auto industry. Included are three lesson plans (2-3 class periods each), worksheets, teacher’s guide, and an interactive online digital magazine. Lesson plans include the following topics: (1) energy sources (renewable and non-renewable), energy technology, and measuring carbon footprints, (2) battery chemistry, technology, and automotive applications, (3) innovation, the impact of innovations such as electric cars, and creating innovations.
Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles
In this activity, students investigate the accuracy of sundials and the discrepancy that lies between "real time" and "clock time". The position of the sun is tracked over the course of a relatively short period of time as students make a shadow plot, a horizontal sundial, and a diptych sundial. This activity requires 90-minutes over several weeks…
Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles
Working in teams of four, students build a tetrahedral kite following a specific set of directions and using specific provided materials. Students use basic processes of manufacturing systems-- cutting, shaping, forming, conditioning, assembling, joining, finishing, and quality control--to manufacture a complete tetrahedral kite within a given…
Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics
This virtual manipulative enables the student to form and measure angles and triangles on an online circular geoboard. The unusual virtual geoboard offers students the opportunity to think about angles in a non-rectangular setting. This applet features five activities with discussion questions. Activities challenge students to form and use the pegs to determine the degrees of central angles and angles found in triangles. Instructions for using the applet, an outline for a lesson encouraging the use of mathematical terms, and a link to the NCTM standard for geometry are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse
Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics
This virtual manipulative enables students to construct box plots to summarize data. Students enter data into a table, and the manipulative displays the minimum and maximum data values, the lower and upper quartiles, and the median. The number in the data set, the average, and the standard deviation are also shown. In addition, the manipulative allows users to order the data. Instructions for using the manipulative, suggestions for classroom use, and a link to the standard for data analysis and probability, established by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM), are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse
Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles
In this activity, students reinforce an antenna tower made from foam insulation so that it can withstand a 480 N-cm bending moment (torque) and a 280 N-cm twisting moment (torque) with minimal deflection. One class period is used to discuss the problem, run the initial bending and torsion tests, and graph the results. The second class is used for…
Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles
After a discussion about what a parachute is and how it works, students create a parachute using different materials that they think will work best. They then test their designs, which is followed by a class discussion to highlight which paper material worked best. This activity requires a 60-minute time period for completion. (Author/SOE)
O'Connell, Susan; Croskey, Suzanne G.
The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' (NCTM's) Process Standards support teaching that helps students develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every middle grades math teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. The series offers friendly,…
Christian, Brittany N.; Yezierski, Ellen J.
Teachers tend to instruct topically, which requires the student to use multiple and interconnected concepts to succeed in each instructional unit. Therefore, it is beneficial to combine research on related concepts to form topic driven instruments to better assist teachers in assessing and instructing students. Chemical and physical change as a…
Hoff, Jody; McCorkle, Sarapage; Suiter, Mary; Bettendorf, James; Breidenbach, Lisa; Cornwell, Pamela
This book contains a set of 12 lessons for middle school students that demonstrate how mathematical processes and concepts may be applied to the study of economics and personal finance. Mathematics educators can find lessons connecting mathematics instruction to practical problems and issues that students encounter throughout their life. The…
Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles
When asked to list some strong materials, people think of steel, concrete, and wood. In this activity, students learn about the force of compression and how it acts on structural components through a hands-on group problem. Using everyday products such as paper, toothpicks, and tape, students construct a structure that will support the weight of a…
Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles
In this activity, students build a city out of sugar cubes, bouillon cubes, and gelatin cubes. The city is then put through simulated earthquakes to see which cube structures withstand the shaking the best. This activity requires a 50-minute time period for completion. (Author/SOE)
This is a lesson about mission presentation. Learners will brainstorm ideas to be developed into a team skit, work cooperatively to assign duties and write a team skit, collaborate with team members to complete the Mars Rover Manual. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, three Vocabulary Cards, the Manual Template, and a presentation writing Mini-Lesson. This is lesson 13 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.
This is a lesson about spacecraft structure and design. Learners will investigate probes and rovers to learn how they are built, learn about the propulsion, navigation, controls and daily handling of spacecraft, gather, and analyze data from multiple sources on the internet, understand how rovers communicate with Earth. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, two Vocabulary Cards, a Vocabulary Toolbox and four workstation handouts. This is lesson 9 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.
This is a lesson plan about the engineering design process. Learners will identify, become familiar with and use the Engineering Design Process, use the Engineering Design Process to sketch a reasonable drawing of the rover that will be built, use the steps of the Engineering Design Process to build a Mars Rover prototype, develop a concept map to communicate requirements and features of the rover. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, three Vocabulary Cards, and a concept map Mini-Lesson. This is lesson 11 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.
Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield.
This booklet on environmental ethics is one of a series in environmental education for grades K-12. The concept of man's role in helping to preserve the natural order and the importance of maintaining a pleasant environment is presented in this booklet for grades 6-8. Five basic concepts are listed, along with the behavioral objectives, subject…
Harris, Charles A., Comp.
The outline lists 14 career education activities that middle school teachers (grades 6-8) can relate to subject areas of: science, mathematics, English, social studies, foreign language, art, home economics, music, and industrial arts. Educational requirements are described for various occupations; occupations also are listed under appropriate…
Schaefer, Larry, Ed.; Hungerford, Nancy, Ed.
The environmental education activities package for grades 6-8 contains activities in the following curriculum areas: (1) social science; (2) science; (3) language arts; and (4) mathematics. The activities are divided into seven sections based on seven environmental topics: (1) ecosystems; (2) population; (3) energy and resources; (4) economics,…
Reed, Elizabeth W., Ed.
Many different types of air quality can be studied in middle school science classes using available supplies. This grade 6-8 activity guide was developed to provide opportunities for children to learn about the issue of air quality. Sixteen hands-on activities integrate the issue into middle school science classes. A chart categorizes the…
Schackow, Joy Bronston; O'Connell, Susan
The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' (NCTM's) Process Standards support teaching that helps students develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every middle grades math teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. The series offers friendly,…
Weiss, E.; Skene, J.; Tran, L.
Today's youth have been tasked with the overwhelming job of addressing the world's climate future. The students who will become the scientists, policy makers, and citizens of tomorrow must gain a robust understanding of the causes and effects of climate change, as well as possible adaptation strategies. Currently, there are few high quality curricula available to teachers that address these topics in a developmentally appropriate manner. The NOAA-funded Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8 aims to address this gap by providing teachers with scientifically accurate climate change curriculum that hits on some of the most salient points in climate science, while simultaneously developing students' science process skills. The Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8 is developed through a collaboration between some of the nation's leading ocean and climate scientists and the Lawrence Hall of Science's highly qualified GEMS (Great Explorations in Math & Science) curriculum development team. Scientists are active partners throughout the whole development process, from initial brainstorming of key concepts and creating the conceptual storyline for the curriculum to final review of the content and activities. As with all GEMS Sequences, the Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8 is designed to provide significant scientific and educational depth, systematic assessments and informational readings, and incorporate new learning technologies. The goal is to focus strategically and effectively on the core concepts within ocean and climate sciences that students need to understand. This curriculum is designed in accordance with the latest research from the learning sciences, and provides numerous opportunities for students to develop inquiry skills and abilities as they learn about the practice of science through hands-on activities. The Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8 addresses in depth a significant number of national, state, and district standards and benchmarks. It aligns with the Ocean Literacy and Climate Literacy Frameworks, as well as multiple core ideas in the new National Academy of Sciences Framework for K-12 Science Education. In brief, the curriculum comprises 33 45-minute sessions organized into three thematic units that are each driven by an exploratory question: Unit 1 (11 sessions)-How do the ocean and atmosphere interact?; Unit 2 (8 sessions)-How does carbon flow through the ocean, land, and atmosphere?; and Unit 3 (12 sessions)-What are the causes and effects of climate change? The curriculum deliberately explores the ocean and climate as global systems, and challenges students to use scientific evidence to make explanations about climate change. The Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8 is currently being classroom tested by teachers across the United States in a wide variety of classroom settings. Evaluation is also being undertaken to determine the efficacy of the sequence in addressing the curriculum's learning goals.
Muschla, Judith A.; Muschla, Gary Robert; Muschla, Erin
The new Common Core State Standards for Mathematics have been formulated to provide students with instruction that will help them acquire a thorough knowledge of math at their grade level, which will in turn enable them to move on to higher mathematics with competence and confidence. "Hands-on Activities for Teaching the Common Core Math…
Anderson, Daniel; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
In this technical report, we describe the results of a study of mathematics items written to align with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in grades 6-8. In each grade, CCSS items were organized into forms, and the reliability of these forms was evaluated along with an experimental form including items aligned with the National Council of…
Clark, David M.; Slate, John R.; Combs, Julie P.; Moore, George W.
We analyzed the effect of grade span configurations (i.e., 6-8 versus K-8) on reading and math performance in Texas public schools for the last 5 school years. Participants in this study were 628 Texas schools (i.e., 314 middle schools and 314 K-8 schools) distributed across the 5 school years examined. Schools configured as K-8 schools were…
Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles
In this activity, students conduct several simple lab activities to learn about the five fundamental load types that can act on structures: tension, compression, shear, bending, and torsion. In Part One, students play the role of molecules in a beam subject to various loading schemes. In Part Two, students break foam insulation blocks by applying…
Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield.
This booklet on environmental decisions is one of a series in environmental education for grades K-12. The activities contained in this booklet are designed to identify components of complex decision making and to develop the idea of responsibility for decisions. Six basic concepts are listed, along with the behavioral objectives, subject areas,…
Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield.
This booklet on economics is one of a series in environmental education for grades K-12. The activities in this booklet are concerned with the relationship of the standard of living to the level of technology and economic system developed by a society. The role of economics in determining environmental quality is also assessed. Three basic…
Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield.
This booklet on energy is one of a series in environmental education for grades K-12. The activities contained within address the effect of culture in determining energy needs, energy loss, and forms of energy. Four basic concepts are listed, along with behavioral objectives, subject areas, key words, and definitions for each. The three activity…
Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield.
This booklet on ecosystems is one of a series in environmental education for grades K-12. Activities in this booklet are concerned with the complexity of ecosystems, energy forms and transfer in ecosystems, and stress capacity of ecosystems. Six basic concepts are listed, along with behavioral objectives, subject areas, key words, and definitions…
Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield.
This booklet on population is one of a series in environmental education for grades K-12. The activities contained within develop the concept of origins of life and the role of culture in determining population interactions. Four basic concepts are listed and the behavioral objectives, associated subject areas, and key words and definitions are…
Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield.
This booklet on technology is one of a series in environmental education for grades K-12. It is concerned with the relationship of technology to the use of resources and the effect of technology on the environment. Four basic concepts are listed, along with behavioral objectives, subject areas, key words, and definitions for each. The three…
Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield.
This booklet on curriculum is one of a series in environmental education for grades K-12. In this section, four basic concepts are listed and the behavioral objectives, associated subject areas, and key words and definitions are included for each. Three activity options are given for each concept. Information for the teacher includes materials and…
Glassman, Nanci A.; Perry, Jeannine B.; Giersch, Christopher E.; Lambert, Matthew A.; Pinelli, Thomas E.
NASA CONNECT is a research-, inquiry, and standards-based, integrated mathematics, science, and technology series of 30-minute instructional distance learning (television and web-based) programs for students in grades 6 8. Respondents who evaluated the programs in the series over the first five seasons (1998-99 through 2002-03) reported that (1) they used the programs in the series; (2) the goals and objectives for the series were met; (3) the programs were aligned with the national mathematics, science, and technology standards; (4) the program content was developmentally appropriate for the grade level; and (5) the programs in the series enhanced and enriched the teaching of mathematics, science, and technology.
Collecting, processing, and using assessment data to form instruction for each student can be overwhelming--especially with so much diversity in the classroom. Help is here, with this hands-on guide that brings together the two leading approaches to teaching students of varying abilities: Response to Instruction and Intervention (RTI) and…
Lobato, Joanne; Ellis, Amy; Zbiek, Rose Mary
How do you refute the erroneous claim that all ratios are fractions? This book goes beyond a simple introduction to ratios, proportions, and proportional reasoning. It will help broaden and deepen your mathematical understanding of one of the most challenging topics for students--and teachers--to grasp. It will help you engage your students,…
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.
Helping students learn about taking responsibility for the planning and shaping of their personal financial futures is this 13-lesson teaching unit's goal. Each lesson includes performance objectives, materials, motivational activities, development, and enrichment activities. Concepts are taught through worksheets, stories, and games. Students are…
Grade Appeal Process Student Action Instructor Action Department/School Action College Action University Action STUDENT SUBMITS WRITTEN APPEAL TO CHAIR/DIRECTOR (OR DEAN IF NOT DEPARTMENT) GRADE IS FINAL MAKES GRADE ERROR STUDENT DISCUSSES W/ INSTRUCTOR* *Before end of following academic quarter
Barber, Jacqueline; Beals, Kevin; Bergman, Lincoln
This curriculum unit revolves around the intriguing nature of dry ice and the incessant curiosity it provokes in all those who have the opportunity to interact with it. The activities featured in this book guide students toward being able to conduct their own independent scientific inquiry while presenting strong scientific content. Activities…
Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles
In this activity, students work with specified materials to create aqueduct components to transport two liters of water across a short distance in the classroom. The goal is to build an aqueduct that will supply Aqueductis, a Roman city, with clean water for private homes, public baths, and glorious fountains. By introducing various ideas and…
Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics
Students can play an interactive version of the game Let's Make a Deal. Players are given a choice of three doors--one of which hides a good prize, while the other two hide loser prizes. They select, but do not see, one door. Host Monty Hall reveals a prize behind one of the remaining doors. Players can either stick with the originally selected door and prize or switch to the other door. The cumulative percentages generated by sticking or switching after playing multiple games is displayed. One button labeled Strategy leads to questions that discuss the probability of winning with each strategy. A Multiple Game option generates outcome data based on playing a large number of games. Instructions for using the game and a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standard for data analysis and probability are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse
Grading Instructions in PeopleSoft View Student Grades View Student Grades Demo March, 2011 3/21/2011 12 Staff in Departments, Faculty Offices and the OUR will view student grades for a variety of reasons. Grade Specialists responsible for administering processes required to support evaluation
Anderson, Daniel; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
The purpose of this technical report is to document the piloting and scaling of new easyCBM mathematics test items aligned with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and to describe the process used to revise and supplement the 2012 research version easyCBM CCSS math tests in Grades 6-8. For all operational 2012 research version test forms (10…
K-8 centers combine grades in one location or school that are usually assigned to a separate elementary (K-5) and middle school (6-8). In 1998 the School Board of Miami-Dade County, Florida, approved a pilot program to introduce to the district the concept of K-8 centers. Miami-Dade County Public Schools (MDCPS) initiated two K-8 centers during…
COHEN, KAREN C.
ATTITUDE CHANGES OF STUDENTS UPON RECEIVING GRADES WERE STUDIED. MEASURES WERE DEVELOPED TO DETERMINE THE STUDENTS' (1) ATTITUDES TOWARDS GRADES AND SCHOOL, (2) EXPECTANCIES FOR FUTURE GRADES, AND (3) ESTIMATIONS OF ABILITIES. A REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLE OF 7TH- THROUGH 12TH-GRADE STUDENTS (1,000) WAS SELECTED. A QUESTIONNAIRE WAS ADMINISTERED TO ALL…
Miller, Curtis A.
This report describes a program for improving motivation of eighth grade students. Attendance, grades, discipline referrals, and student surveys were used in measuring changes in student attitudes. Problems were documented from data showing grades, attendance, and discipline referrals from the second semester of the 1994-95 school year. A student…
of course work has been completed? What grade does the student currently have, based on work completed? Instructor's reasons for awarding incomplete ("I") grade: Specific work remaining that must be completed for student to receive grade: Student's Signature Date (if available) Instructor's Signature Date STUDENT RULE
Pressley, Michael; Dolezal, Sara E.; Raphael, Lisa M.; Mohan, Lindsey; Roehrig, Alysia D.; Bogner, Kristen
Noting that few would dispute the essential role of motivation in promoting academic engagement and achievement, this book serves as a guide to motivating students in grades K-3. The book presents research-based strategies and techniques that are then illustrated in three extended case studies of highly successful motivators, demonstrating how…
Bland, Samuel S.
This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Hammocks Beach State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets curriculum objectives of the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are included:…
Sessoms, James D.
This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Singletary Lake State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets curriculum objectives of the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are included:…
Bland, Samuel S.
This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Hammocks Beach State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets the curriculum objectives of the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are…
Recent state and federal legislations on educational accountability push evaluation and grading to the frontline. This study examined students' perspectives of grading in physical education. The participants included students (N = 39) from two middle schools. Data were collected through observation, student profile grading sheets and interviews.…
. In this activity, students gain some understanding of these relationships by assuming the roles of animals, playing), and some students play hawks (frog eaters or carnivores). The object of the game is for each animal to eat a Balance Overview The sun's energy is captured by individual plants and transferred to animals through food
include topsoil, potting soil, sand, soils that are compacted, soils with grass growing on top, soils Through Overview Students will investigate soils and observe how water moves through soil, how soil soils and measure the amount of water held in these soils. They will also observe the filtering ability
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (DOC), Rockville, MD.
This activity is designed to teach about topographic maps and bathymetric charts. Students are expected to create a topographic map from a model landform, interpret a simple topographic map, and explain the difference between topographic and bathymetric maps. The activity provides learning objectives, a list of needed materials, key vocabulary…
Anderson, Daniel; Rowley, Brock; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
The easyCBM© CCSS Math tests were developed to help inform teachers' instructional decisions by providing relevant information on students' mathematical skills, relative to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS). This technical report describes a study to explore the validity of the easyCBM© CCSS Math tests by evaluating the relation…
Silva, Melissa; Munk, Dennis D.; Bursuck, William D.
Issues surround grading for all students, especially those with disabilities, who are at increased risk for grades that are low, inaccurate, and lacking in meaning. Teachers often recognize grading issues and will exercise judgment in making informal adaptations to the regular grading system. When chosen collaboratively and implemented…
Sikora, Adam S.
MATHEMATICAL THEORY OF STUDENT ASSESSMENT THROUGH GRADING ADAM S. SIKORA Abstract. We develop quantitative analysis of different grading poli- cies in education intended for the purpose of assessment of students' mastery of content. In particular, we introduce (1) the "entropy" of a grading scheme which
Marshall, Bethany Johnston
The Earth School model for creation of partnerships between university scientists and public schools began with a traditional research project involving the study of macroinvertebrate recolonization of agriculturally based restored wetlands. From fieldwork designed to address hypotheses of community composition over time, protocols and equipment evolved for application in middle-school classrooms. In addition to classroom teachers guiding their students in replicating active scientific research, the inclusion of a science partner was key to the success of this model. To ensure that the classroom teachers were themselves comfortable as researchers, monthly staff development workshops were conducted as a component of the Earth School model. The use of entomology as a unifying theme for educational scientific investigation lets the student explore virtually every other system in the biosphere. Because of the unparalleled survivability and adaptability of insects, we can find examples from all biomes, all time references and all disciplines. Over the course of long-term continuous exploration, learners become familiar with relationships and patterns evident in natural situations. These same patterns of birth, growth and decay are much more vividly demonstrated in the field than in textbooks. Similarly, concrete examples of feeding relationships between organisms are plentiful in nearly any outdoor situation. The following model incorporates current research from multiple scientific disciplines but focuses on the many and varied research activities offered by the entomological community. Teachers and students in a primarily urban setting made extensive use of the materials developed through the course of this model's development. Their feedback as the materials were integrated into an established curriculum allowed for the fine-tuning of activity development. A conversion template has evolved that gives teachers, curriculum directors, parents and other educators a simple mechanism for adapting the work of leading researchers into activities suitable for all age levels and all learning abilities. As public schools rally to change the course of science education, they are met with a seemingly never-ending supply of materials promoted as hands-on learning. To the extent that the manipulation of tangible objects and materials supports identified outcome objectives, these materials fulfill their promise. Although there is merit in offering these types of kinesthetic experiences to reinforce theories and principles of science, this approach does not address the same goal as activities that promote 'doing science' through investigation and discovery using a process that includes observation, inquiry, design and collaboration. The active recruiting of and collaboration with science partners from universities offers public school teachers and their students an alternative for curriculum enrichment as the nation strives to reach literacy goals in the sciences.
GRADE CHALLENGE FORM Name: _______________________________________ Student ID/State/Zip: _________________________________ Evening Phone: ___________________ Email: _______________________________________ I am challenging ______ ______ ______ in _______________ with _______________________________________ course# dept# section# quarter and year professor I have read the Grade Challenges
Hossain, Belayet; Tsigaris, Panagiotis
This study examines grade expectations of two groups of business students for their final course mark. We separate students that are on average "better" forecasters on the basis of them not making significant forecast errors during the semester from those students that are poor forecasters of their final grade. We find that the better…
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 2007
Lunar Nautics is a hands-on curriculum targeted to youth in grades 6 to 8, that allows the students to design, test, analyze and manage a space mission from initial concept to project funding. Lunar Nautics provides opportunities for development of problem solving skills and critical thinking skills that are needed to design, organize and manage a…
Edwards, Nelta M.
This article analyzes a social statistics class that engaged in self-grading. Students liked self-grading because they identified their own mistakes, it reinforced what they learned, and they received immediate feedback. Some students worried that others would cheat, but this assertion was not confirmed in the data and the possibility of cheating…
Harper, Debra Ann
The purpose of this qualitative exploratory case study was to determine the pedagogical value of Wiki technology-enhanced instruction for middle grade students. The sample consisted of three Wiki projects representative of work from 6th, 7th, and 8th grade middle school students. The examination of the data collected from the three samples of Wiki…
Crouse, Jill D.; Allen, Jeff
This study compared college course grade outcomes, both during and after high school, of dual-enrollment students to those of traditional students. The study was based on a large, multiyear sample of Iowa high school and community college students. The results showed that while in high school, dual-enrollment students consistently outperformed…
Wolsey, Thomas DeVere; Uline, Cynthia L.
Researchers used student-generated photographs to mediate interviews with middle grades students about their school environment. Findings suggest that school leaders and facilities planners should be responsive to students' needs for both personal and social spaces and be aware of ways the built environment may shape the perceptions students hold…
The habit of reading develops over a period of time. This study explored reading habits across a wide range of students. An open-ended survey of reading habits involved 242 participants from grades 1, 4, 6, 8, 11, undergraduate non-education majors, undergraduate elementary majors, and graduate reading majors. As data were analyzed, themes emerged…
Santarossa, Sara; Ciccone, Jillian; Woodruff, Sarah J
Recently, public health messaging has included having more family meals and involving young adolescents (YAs) with meal preparation to improve healthful diets and family dinner frequency (FDF). Kinect-Ed, a motivational nutrition education presentation was created to encourage YAs (grades 6-8) to help with meal preparation and ultimately improve FDF. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Kinect-Ed presentation, with the goals of the presentation being to improve self-efficacy for cooking (SE), food preparation techniques (TECH), food preparation frequency (PREP), family meal attitudes and behaviours, and ultimately increase FDF. A sample of YAs (n = 219) from Southern Ontario, Canada, completed pre- and postpresentation surveys, measuring FDF, PREP, SE, and TECH. Kinect-Ed successfully improved participants' FDF (p < 0.01), PREP (p < 0.01), SE (p < 0.01), and TECH (<0.01). Overall, goals of the presentation were met. Encouraging YAs to help prepare meals and get involved in the kitchen may reduce the time needed from parents to prepare meals, and, in turn, allow more time for frequent family dinners. PMID:26282873
Sharp, James Christopher
The purpose of this study was to examine the difference in student success by retained students who participate in the Hamblen County (Tennessee) Credit Recovery Program [HCCRP] in the year prior and following their participation. HCCRP is an alternative intervention for students who have been retained in the middle grades of Hamblen County School…
Hull, Michael; Powell, Dan; Klein, Ewan
Infandango is an open source web-based system for automated grading of Java code submitted by students. Uploaded Java files are compiled and run against a set of unit tests on a central server, with results being stored ...
Thayer, Robert E.
The thesis that low grades cause college students to give up receives some support from early psychological research and from current reinforcement theories. This study investigates the effects on subsequent grades of low, average, and high first-exam grades for 192 students in a traditional grading system and 52 students in a pass-fail grading…
Lawrence, Rick L.
requires energy, they can tap into the stored sugar energy using a process called cellular respiration. Cellular respiration refers to the process of converting the chemical energy of organic moleculesThermal Biology in Yellowstone National Park 6-8Photosynthesis and Respiration of Microscopic Life
Lawrence, Rick L.
Thermal Biology in Yellowstone National Park 6-8Batiking Yellowstone: Using art to interpret's largest calderas (a depression left by the eruption activity), measuring 45 miles by 30 miles. A continental hot spot is one theory that explains Yellowstone's volcanic nature. Hot spots are areas where hot
Hadsell, Lester; MacDermott, Raymond
An extensive database of exam scores is studied to determine the effects of a grading policy that drops the lowest exam score. We find evidence that some students engage in strategic behavior, either by understudying for one of the exams or missing one altogether, but the vast majority of students show no evidence of strategic behavior. We also…
Rhine, Sarah; Smith, Elizabeth
This research project focuses on the problem of the inappropriate assessment of primary grade students. The targeted group was first graders in a suburban elementary school. While taking tests, students revealed a low performance in comparison with their daily performance. They also exhibited frustration and a high stress level. Current research…
Moen, Jarle; Tjelta, Martin
Grades are important for admission of students in most higher education programs. Analyzing admission and student performance data at a major Norwegian business school, we find that the grading practice of teachers at regional colleges sending students to the school is affected by the average performance of the students being graded. Teachers at…
Seldow, Adam Lowell
With the widespread growth of broadband Internet access, teachers, and in many cases, schools and school districts are transitioning from traditional paper-based grade books to student accessible online (Web-based) grade books. Online grade books offer students 24/7, on demand access to grades and various other student data, and have the potential…
Clementson, John J.; Wenger, Laurie
Through interviews and essays, nearly 200 high-school-senior scholarship finalists described changes they would make in their schools if given the chance. Students expressed a need for more voice and more choice in the areas of academic quality, power/control/trust mechanisms, equity issues, and in building a sense of community. (MKA)
Harrison, John S.
The curriculum guide for grade 9 civics instruction for students of English as a second language (ESOL) contains, in outline form, civics behavioral objectives and instructional units. Units of instruction cover American symbols, politicians, colonial Americans, principles of government, the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution,…
Lysen, Victoria C.; Walker, Robert
Presents findings from food frequency questionnaires and surveys of 138 Midwestern eighth-grade student-parent pairs. The study examined the incidence of modifiable and nonmodifiable osteoporosis risk factors and compared gender differences. Data analysis indicated that many adolescents possessed several modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors…
to make them available to you on the Internet. In order to maintain your privacy I need for you to createStudent release for posting grades on the Internet Date: Dear Student, Please read and sign for the (class) I am currently enrolled in will be made available to me on the Internet using the password that I
Tippin, Gregory K.; Lafreniere, Kathryn D.; Page, Stewart
Factors influencing student perceptions of academic grading were examined, with an emphasis on furthering understanding of the relevance of effort to students' conceptualization of grading. Students demonstrated a conceptualization of grading where effort should be weighted comparably to actual performance in importance to the composition of a…
Smith, Lois J.
Conscientious marketing faculty spend extensive hours grading student essays and projects. As instructors work on grading papers, they may wonder how effective their comments are. The author explored how students in a marketing principles class reported their use of various grading methods. Students generally preferred rubrics with ratings and…
The aims of this cross-grade study were (1) to determine the level of understanding of energy concepts of students at different academic grades and the differences in understanding between these grades and (2) to analyse the conceptual development of these students. Two hundred and forty-three students at 3 different levels (high school,…
Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Student Assessment.
The goal of this series of guides is to show Texas educators what components of the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) curriculum are eligible for testing on the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills (TAAS) and end-of-course tests. This middle school guide contains information for subjects tested in grades 6 through 8. The sections are: (1)…
Helms, J. Christopher; Corbett, Robert J.
This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Jones Lake State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets curriculum objectives in the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are included:…
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.
This lesson guide accompanies the Hubble Deep Field set of 10 lithographs and introduces 4 astronomy lesson plans for middle school students. Lessons include: (1) "How Many Objects Are There?"; (2) "Classifying and Identifying"; (3) "Estimating Distances in Space"; and (4) "Review and Assessment." Appendices contain students sheets for other…
Jensen, Philip A.; Moore, Randy
Students enter college exceedingly confident that they will earn high grades and engage themselves fully in their courses. However, students' grades and academic behaviors often do not match their expectations. This is especially true in introductory science courses, where grades and academic engagement are often low, even in courses taught by…
Stahly, Laura L.; Krockover, Gerald H.; Shepardson, Daniel P.
Examines third-grade students' ideas on the lunar phases prior to, and following, an instructional period designed to promote students' conceptual change. Demonstrates that students are capable of making conceptual changes. Contains 30 references. (DDR)
The article examines how social background characteristics affect the academic achievement and grade careers of Norwegian economics students. The analyses show that the parents' social class is of great importance for the offspring's grades. Students with parents who are academics perform better than their fellow students of working-class…
Barth, Amy E.; Tolar, Tammy D.; Fletcher, Jack M.; Francis, David
We evaluated the effects of student characteristics (sight word reading efficiency, phonological decoding, verbal knowledge, level of reading ability, grade, gender) and text features (passage difficulty, length, genre, and language and discourse attributes) on the oral reading fluency of a sample of middle-school students in Grades 6–8 (N = 1,794). Students who were struggling (n = 704) and typically developing readers (n = 1,028) were randomly assigned to read five 1-min passages from each of 5 Lexile bands (within student range of 550 Lexiles). A series of multilevel analyses showed that student and text characteristics contributed uniquely to oral reading fluency rates. Student characteristics involving sight word reading efficiency and level of decoding ability accounted for more variability than reader type and verbal knowledge, with small, but statistically significant effects of grade and gender. The most significant text feature was passage difficulty level. Interactions involving student text characteristics, especially attributes involving overall ability level and difficulty of the text, were also apparent. These results support views of the development of oral reading fluency that involve interactions of student and text characteristics and highlight the importance of scaling for passage difficulty level in assessing individual differences in oral reading fluency. PMID:24567659
Lopez-Pastor, Victor M.; Fernandez-Balboa, Juan-Miguel; Santos Pastor, Maria L.; Aranda, Antonio Fraile
This study was undertaken at three teacher education programmes and was designed to determine the following within each programme: (1) the reliability correlations among students' self-grade (SSG), the grade granted by the professor (PG) and the negotiated final grade (NFG); (2) the range and frequency of grade differences between SSG and PG; and…
Gould, Alan; Willard, Carolyn; Pompea, Stephen
This guide is aimed at helping students arrive at a clear understanding of seasons as they investigate the connections between the sun and the earth. Activities include: (1) "Name the Season"; (2) "Sun-Earth Survey"; (3) "Trip to the Sun"; (4) "What Shape is Earth's Orbit?"; (5) "Temperatures around the World"; (6) "Days and Nights around the…
Irvin, P. Shawn; Park, Bitnara Jasmine; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
Within a response to intervention system of teaching and learning, important instructional decision-making (e.g., implementation of targeted intervention) is regularly tied to the results of formative assessments administered to students throughout the academic year. The validity of these instructional decisions depends to an extent on the…
Hagborg, Winston J.
This paper reports on a study investigating teacher and student attitudes toward grade retention. Questionnaires were completed by elementary, middle, and high school teachers (N=37), and high school students (N=62). The student population was organized into two groups: (1) grade repeaters; and (2) a control group composed of an equal number of…
The purpose of this study is to develop a scale to measure fifth grade students' mathematical calibration skills. Besides, it aims to determine students' calibration skills through this scale. Results of the study revealed that fifth-grade students (n = 94) enrolling to study, have a medium-high level of (M = 55.12, SD = 21.76) mathematical…
Kilic, Kerem; Sungur, Semra; Cakiroglu, Jale; Tekkaya, Ceren
The purpose of this study was to investigate the 9th-grade students' understandings of the nature of scientific knowledge. The study also aimed to investigate the differences in students' understanding of the nature of scientific knowledge by gender, and school types. A total of 575 ninth grade students from four different school types (General…
Maurer, Trent W.
I tested 2 competing theories to explain the connection between students' expected grades and ratings of instructors: cognitive dissonance and revenge. Cognitive dissonance theory holds that students who expect poor grades rate instructors poorly to minimize ego threat whereas the revenge theory holds that students rate instructors poorly in an…
Juuti, Kalle; Lavonen, Jari; Uitto, Anna; Byman, Reijo; Meisalo, Veijo
Students find science relevant to society, but they do not find school science interesting. This survey study analyzes Finnish grade 9 students' actual experiences with science teaching methods and their preferences for how they would like to study science. The survey data were collected from 3,626 grade 9 students (1,772 girls and 1,832 boys)…
Doty, Jeanice J.
An elementary school teacher designed and implemented a program intended to reduce excessive absenteeism among first grade public school students. The program consisted of four basic parts: (1) perusal of attendance cards and grade books prior to treatment; (2) implementaton of treatment; (3) post-perusal of attendance cards and grade books; and…
Vasa, Stanley F.
The rationale of giving grades is considered, and possible adaptations of the traditional grading methods for handicapped secondary students are discussed. A chart lists procedures for 12 types of grading modifications, including shortened tests, peer tutoring, course projects, and class interaction. (CL)
Bies-Hernandez, Nicole J.
Two experiments examined whether framing effects, in terms of losses and gains, can be extended to student learning and grading preferences. In Experiment 1, participants rated psychology course syllabi to investigate preferences for differently framed grading systems: a loss versus gain grading system. The results showed a clear framing effect…
The handwriting of 756 eleventh grade students was evaluated to determine whether their handwriting styles would be characteristic of the manuscript or cursive styles they had been taught. Subjects had been taught Zaner-Bloser manuscript in primary grades with a transition to cursive in third grade. Analysis of handwriting samples revealed a wide…
Harbaugh, James F.
Suggestions are presented for initiating a 6-week program of industrial arts activities for sixth grade students. Tool families, take-home projects, classes for students with learning and emotional disabilities, objectives, and results are discussed. (MP)
Lee, Katherine B.; Vaishnavi, Sanjeev N.; Lau, Steven K. M.; Andriole, Dorothy A.; Jeffe, Donna B.
OBJECTIVES: Because clinical clerkship grades are associated with resident selection and performance and are largely based on residents'/attendings' subjective ratings, it is important to identify variables associated with clinical clerkship grades. METHODS: U.S. medical students who completed > or =1 of the following required clinical clerkships--internal medicine, surgery, obstetrics/gynecology, pediatrics, neurology and psychiatry--were invited to participate in an anonymous online survey, which inquired about demographics, degree program, perceived quality of clerkship experiences, assertiveness, reticence and clerkship grades. RESULTS: A total of 2395 medical students (55% women; 57% whites) from 105 schools responded. Multivariable logistic regression models identified factors independently associated with receiving lower clerkship grades (high pass/pass or B/C) compared with the highest grade (honors or A). Students reporting higher quality of clerkship experiences were less likely to report lower grades in all clerkships. Older students more likely reported lower grades in internal medicine (P = 0.02) and neurology (P < 0.001). Underrepresented minorities more likely reported lower grades in all clerkships (P < 0.001); Asians more likely reported lower grades in obstetrics/gynecology (P = 0.007), pediatrics (P = 0.01) and neurology (P = 0.01). Men more likely reported lower grades in obstetrics/gynecology (P < 0.001) and psychiatry (P = 0.004). Students reporting greater reticence more likely reported lower grades in internal medicine (P = 0.02), pediatrics (P = 0.02) and psychiatry (P < 0.05). Students reporting greater assertiveness less likely reported lower grades in all clerkships (P < 0.03) except IM. CONCLUSIONS: The independent associations between lower clerkship grades and nonwhite race, male gender, older age, lower quality of clerkship experiences, and being less assertive and more reticent are concerning and merit further investigation. PMID:17987918
This study investigated urban eighth-grade students' knowledge of energy resources and associated issues including energy acquisition, energy generation, storage and transport, and energy consumption and conservation. A 39 multiple-choice-item energy resources knowledge assessment was completed by 1043 eighth-grade students in urban schools in two…
Al-Balushi, Sulaiman M.; Ambusaidi, Abdullah K.; Al-Shuaili, Ali H.; Taylor, Neil
The current study, undertaken in the Sultanate of Oman, explored twelfth grade students' common misconceptions in seven chemistry conceptual areas. The sample included 786 twelfth grade students in Oman while the instrument was a two-tier test called Chemistry Misconceptions Diagnostic Test (CMDT), consisting of 25 items with 12 items…
Minnesota, University of
Seminar 2006 Grading Two Example Lab Reports Page 3 PHYSICS 1301 LABORATORY REPORT Laboratory I NameTA Seminar 2006 Name . Page 1 Grading Two Example Student Laboratory Reports Introductory physics that students cannot pass the course who do not meet minimal standards of writing competence. In physics
Larseingue, Matt; Sawyer, Chris R.; Finn, Amber N.
Although previous research has linked students' expected grades to numerous pedagogical variables, this factor has been all but ignored by instructional communication scholars. In the present study, 315 undergraduates were presented with grading scenarios representing differing combinations of course rigor, teacher immediacy, and student…
Baer, Judith C.
Faculties across disciplines have noted an increasing number of students who are highly distressed over grades, and this distress is accompanied by pervasive demands on professors. The student behavior takes several forms, including demands for higher grades, expectations of special accommodations by faculty, and the predictions of dire outcomes…
Savasci, Funda; Uluduz, Hatice
This study intends to investigate the fifth grade students' conceptions of earthquakes. Twenty two grade 5 students (11-12 years old) from five different elementary schools in Istanbul voluntarily participated in the study. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews with each participant. Six interview questions were designed by…
In this activity, learners design unique tiles and make repeating patterns to create tessellations. This activity combines the creativity of an art project with the challenge of solving a puzzle. This lesson features three investigations, in which learners make tessellations by translating, rotating, and reflecting the patterns.
Few aspects of school are as controversial as the practice of grading, for grades affect students' educational opportunities. The purpose of this study was to identify the practices Catholic high-school teachers employed in determining students' grades. The study investigated the extent to which academic achievement comprised the grades teachers…
Hendrix, Vernon L.
Comparing the performance of students majoring in Data Processing Programming, Dental Assisting, Electronics Technology and Mid-Management with control groups matched on the basis of sex and ACT scores, no apparant discrimination against the technical majors was found in terms of earned grade point averages or grades in selected courses, with the…
Fox, Sandra J.
This guide attempts to help teachers of American Indian students in grades 7-8 provide a culturally relevant education that takes place in the regular classroom, includes content related to Indian students' lives, makes students proud, expands to other experiences, and enhances learning. Creating sacred places means responding appropriately to…
Yuenyong, Chokchai; Yuenyong, Jirakarn
This study explored 30 Grade 1 to 6 (6-12 years old) Thai students' existing ideas about energy. The study employed the Interview about Event (IAE) approach. During IAE, the cards of an event or things were showed to students in order to probe their views of energy concepts. Findings indicated that young students held various alternative…
This qualitative study stemmed from a concern of the perceived decline in students' reading motivation after the early years of schooling. The current research explored eight grade 1 students' experiences with online electronic storybooks (eBooks). Eight students were given ten 25-minute sessions with the software programs over 15 weeks.…
Shepardson, Daniel P.; Choi, Soyoung; Niyogi, Dev; Charusombat, Umarporn
This constructivist study investigates 225 student drawings and explanations from three different schools in the midwest in the US, to identify seventh grade students' mental models of the greenhouse effect. Five distinct mental models were derived from an inductive analysis of the content of the students' drawings and explanations: Model 1, a…
The analysis of 8th grade students' concept definitions and concept images can provide information about their mental schema of fractals. There is limited research on students' understanding and definitions of fractals. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the elementary students' definitions of fractals based on concept image and concept…
Fox, Sandra J.
This guide attempts to help teachers of American Indian students in grades 9-12 provide a culturally relevant education that takes place in the regular classroom, includes content related to Indian students' lives, makes students proud, expands to other experiences, and enhances learning. Creating sacred places means responding appropriately to…
Gregory, Richard A.
This case study focuses on the legal aspects of school district grading policies. Given parental and student challenges to assigned grades, a school district and its employees must be prepared to respond appropriately to substantive and procedural claims. Moreover, when these claims cannot be resolved at the building level, administrative reviews,…
Hammonds, Frank; Mariano, Gina
Research on variables related to test performance has produced mixed results. Typically, research of this type involves only a few variables. In an attempt to obtain a more complete picture, we investigated how test grades might be related to variables such as classification, student seating location, test completion time, predicted grade, time…
Henderson, Hester L.; French, Ron; Kinnison, Lloyd
Discusses traditional grading procedures used in education in general, and physical education in particular, suggesting an alternative procedure that may be more appropriate for grading students with disabilities in inclusive settings while still meeting the standards of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Suggestions include IEP…
Brookhart, Susan M.
Grades should reflect and help motivate learning. This book illustrates ways teachers can shift their practices to conduct accurate, constructive assessments that not only maintain the integrity of essential education objectives, but also motivate students and enhance learning. Through detailed strategies, educators will learn how to grade…
Rebeck, Ken; Walstad, William B.
The authors use U.S. public and private high school transcripts to analyze grade distribution patterns in economics courses across student and school characteristics, and compare these grades to those earned in other selected high school courses. Results are reported for the 53 percent of 2009 high school graduates who took a basic economics…
Marzano, Robert J.; Heflebower, Tammy
In an effort to cure the ills of current grading and reporting systems, many schools and districts across the United States have attempted to implement a standards-based system. The authors recommend four best practices in this area: (1) Get rid of the omnibus grade, which tells teachers little about the content measured or the difficulty level of…
Méndez, A.; Paz-Ferreiro, J.; Guerrero, F.; Gascó, J. M.; Saá, A.; Tarquis, A. M.; Gascó, G.
The adaptation of the Universities to European Higher Education Area (EHEA) involves changes in the learning system. Students must obtain specific capabilities in the different degrees or masters. For example, in the degree of Agronomy at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (Spain), they must command mathematics, English informatics or crop production. Moreover, students must attain personal skills such as leadership, team work, a critical spirit and a social, environmental and ethical commitment with the environment and the society. A way to evaluate the critical spirit of the students is to compare the grade obtained in a specific module with the grade that the students think he should get. The aim of this work is to evaluate the differences between teacher and student grading in different subjects related to soil science in different degrees and masters courses at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid.
Boatright-Horowitz, Su L.; Arruda, Chris
College students' categorical perceptions of numeric and alphabetic grades were examined by assigning participants to one of four conditions: numeric grades alphabetic grades, numeric non-grades and alphabetic non-grades. They were then asked to give ratings for each possible grade or non-grade, using a 10-point scale. Factor analysis revealed…
Greenwald, A G; Gillmore, G M
It is well established that students' evaluative ratings of instruction correlate positively with expected course grades. The authors identify 4 additional data patterns that, collectively, discriminate among 5 theories of the grades--ratings correlation. The presence of all 4 of these markers in student ratings data (obtained at University of Washington) was most consistent with the theory that the grades--ratings correlation is due to an unwanted influence of instructors' grading leniency on ratings. This conclusion justifies use of a statistical correction--illustrated here with actual ratings data--to remove the unwanted inflation of ratings produced by lenient grading. Additional research can profitably seek other inappropriate influences on ratings to identify more opportunities for validity-enhancing adjustments. PMID:9357333
Guillaume, Darrell W.; Khachikian, Crist Simon
The effects of students' attitudes on time devoted to a course (i.e. time-on-task), and the subsequent effects of this time-on-task on their performance in the course and their overall grade point average (GPA) were studied. Over a three-year period, engineering students (N = 231) were surveyed in weeks one, three, seven (after midterms) and 10…
juillet 3 au 7 août 10 au 14 août 17 au 21 août Cheerleading 285 $ 6-8 ans 6-8 ans 570 $ 9-11 ans 12 une semaine complète (possibilité de 2 semaines en cheerleading) des étudiants-athlètes des Carabins place De 9 h à 21 h (20 h la fin de semaine) CHEERLEADING FOOTBALL SOCCER VOLLEYBALL INFORMATION 514 343
Forgue, Raymond E.; Randolph, Beth; Farley, Mary Ann
This book is designed to help students in grades 6-8 make better decisions as spenders, savers, borrowers, and managers of money. The learning experiences focus on personal finance and money management. The 10 lessons divided into 4 units include: (1) "Check It Out"; (2) "Party Planners"; (3) "What Would You Do?"; (4) "M&M Interesting"; (5) "The…
Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.
THE SEVENTH-GRADE STUDENT PACKET, PRODUCED BY THE NEBRASKA CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTER, BEGINS WITH THE UNIT ENTITLED "THE MAKING OF STORIES" IN WHICH STUDENTS CONSIDER WRITERS' AUDIENCES AND METHODS OF COMPOSITION AND PRESENTATION. SUCH MATERIAL AS "A CHRISTMAS CAROL" AND SELECTIONS FROM "THE ODYSSEY,""BEOWULF,""HYMN TO HERMES," AND GRIMM'S…
Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.
THE STUDENT PACKET FOR GRADE 10 OF THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM BEGINS WITH FOUR UNITS ON LITERATURE, EACH STRESSING AN ASPECT OF MAN'S CONCEPTION OF THE WORLD. THROUGH A STUDY OF THE LITERATURE OF SEVERAL CULTURES, WRITTEN AT VARIOUS TIMES, STUDENTS FIRST CONSIDER "MAN AND NATURE, MAN'S PICTURE OF NATURE." THE SECOND UNIT, "MAN AND SOCIETY,…
Kara, Orhan; Bagheri, Fathollah; Tolin, Thomas
Factors affecting students' grades in principles of microeconomics and macroeconomics students are analyzed from the data collected in two public universities. Results indicate that gender, number of hours worked, SAT scores, number of missed classes, recommending the course to a friend, instructors, being a junior, number of economics courses…
Smith, Therese F.; Hahn, Amos L.
Investigates students' sensitivity to compare/contrast, description, enumeration, and sequence text structures using an error-detection paradigm. Finds that task (oral recall and recognition), text structure, and grade level differentially affect students' sensitivity to the four text structures. (RS)
Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.
THE FIRST UNIT OF THE STUDENT PACKET FOR GRADE NINE OF THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM IS A STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIPS WHICH EXIST BETWEEN AUTHOR AND AUDIENCE, AND AN EXAMINATION OF THE EPIGRAM, LIMERICK, PARABLE, FABLE, AND ODE. WITH THIS BACKGROUND, STUDENTS CONSIDER "ON AVARICE" AND "ANIMAL FARM" AS EXAMPLES OF FORMAL AND MENIPPEAN SATIRE,…
Metro, Laura J.; And Others
Through a Chicago Public School Program fifth-grade students from different cultures and backgrounds were brought together to experience and learn about a forest environment. These urban students (N=269) completed a brief questionnaire about their previous experiences, perceptions, and expectations regarding forest resources. Findings indicate…
Wright-Castro, Rosina; Ramirez, Rosita; Duran, Richard
This study investigated the instructional grouping practices utilized by teachers in two sixth grade classrooms in a southern California elementary school, noting how Hispanic American students in the classrooms perceived those grouping practices and how perceptions of grouping practices compared across Latino students in different ability groups.…
Zousel, Miranda L.; Rule, Audrey C.; Logan, Stephanie R.
This experimental study compared concept acquisition and enjoyment of learning about perfectionism under two conditions: bibliotherapy (control) and analysis and construction of cartoons (experimental) in first, second and third grade students (N = 46). Posttest results showed students learned significantly more content in the experimental…
Brophy, Jere; Alleman, Janet
Very little information exists about children's prior knowledge and thinking (including misconceptions) about transportation, a topic commonly taught in elementary social studies. To develop such information, individual interviews were conducted with 96 K-3 students, stratified according to grade level, achievement level, and gender. The students…
Clinton, Virginia; Seipel, Ben; Broek, Paul; McMaster, Kristen L.; Kendeou, Panayiota; Carlson, Sarah E.; Rapp, David N.
The purpose of this study was to determine if there are gender differences among elementary school-aged students in regard to the inferences they generate during reading. Fourth-grade students (130 females; 126 males) completed think-aloud tasks while reading one practice and one experimental narrative text. Females generated a larger number and a…
Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.
THE 11TH-GRADE COURSE OF STUDY IN AMERICAN LITERATURE PRESENTED IN THE STUDENT PACKET FOR THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM BEGINS WITH A UNIT ENTITLED "INDIVIDUALISM AND IDEALISM" IN WHICH STUDENTS ANALYZE SPIRITUAL AUTOBIOGRAPHIES BY EMERSON, THOREAU, WHITMAN, AND DICKINSON. NEXT, THE THEME OF SIN AND LONELINESS AS IT LIMITS INDIVIDUALISM IS…
This article features a case study of the written and illustrative text produced by one Grade 7 student, Stefinia, and discusses the metaleptic transgressions evident in the book she created as the culminating activity of a research project. Stefinia was a participant in a classroom-based study that explored how developing students' knowledge of…
The paper considers the main results and some educational implications of the TIMSS 2003 assessment conducted in Serbia in the fields of the science achievement of Serbian eighth grade students and the science curriculum context of their achievement. There were 4264 students in the sample. It was confirmed that Serbian eighth graders had made…
Chulkov, Dmitriy V.
This paper aims to provide evidence on the response of various student types to the use of simple grading incentives. The results show that while the majority of students expend the effort to complete an assignment for credit, this response is not uniform. Using data from six semesters of college Economics classes, the study demonstrates that…
Ross, Beth; Simone, Nancy
The reading interests of 300 tenth, eleventh, and twelfth grade students were surveyed and compared to those revealed in previous research. The results indicated that the amount of time students reported reading outside of school per day has decreased slightly since a 1961 study by P. Witty, with females still reading more than males. As in the…
Wang, Chuang; Algozzine, Bob; Ma, Wen; Porfeli, Erik
The importance of reading fluently is widely recognized in school effectiveness, reform, and improvement efforts of the educational community, yet there are few large-scale, structured assessments of the progression of students' reading rates over time. This study documented 2nd-grade students' oral reading rates on the basis of fall, winter, and…
Zarnowski, Myra Shepper
A coding scheme developed by M. A. K. Halliday and R. Hasan was used in a study that investigated how students in grades 4, 6, and 8 developed meaning within narrative texts. Students, after being presented with a visual stimulus, were asked to describe what was happening and say what happened before and after the picture. Next, an oral assignment…
Ginn, Peggy V.; Keel, Marie C.; Fredrick, Laura D.
Examines the effectiveness of the Direct Instruction program "Reasoning and Writing" in improving the writing and reasoning abilities of gifted fifth-grade students. Notes significant improvement in writing skills of students using "Reasoning and Writing," yet no significant difference in reasoning skills. Provides implications for instruction in…
Brooks, Thomas; O'Malley, Kimberly; Ragland, Shelley; Young, Michael; Kirkpatrick, Rob
The authors compared the performance of third-grade students testing on answer sheets with those testing on machine-scored test booklets. The 1,832 students in the nationally representative sample were assigned at the campus level to complete the Stanford Achievement Test Series, Tenth Edition in 1 of 4 conditions: (a) Form A answer sheet, (b)…
Hoefer, Peter; Yurkiewicz, Jack; Byrne, John C.
The results of a student evaluation of teaching instrument are analyzed for a semester of classes at a large collegiate business school, at both the graduate and undergraduate academic level. In particular, we concentrate on the relationship between responses to the instrument and student grades. The results show interesting differences,…
Abbott, Lindsey; Dornbush, Abby; Giddings, Anne; Thomas, Jennifer
In the action research project report, the teacher researchers found that many kindergarten and first-grade students did not have the reading readiness skills to be reading at their benchmark target. The purpose of the project was to improve the students overall reading ability. The dates of the project began on September 8 through December 20,…
Grade Forgiveness Petition Form Under the Grade Forgiveness Policy, a student may improve the undergraduate cumulative GPA by repeating a maximum of two courses (up to nine hours) in which a grade of "D" or "F" was received and requesting that the repeat grade be the only one that is counted
Duncan, Douglas K.; Hoekstra, A.; Wilcox, B.
There is considerable pressure on faculty members to use technology in teaching. Students also bring technology into class in the form of laptop computers, smart phones, and iPads. Does this technology increase or decrease learning? We report two years of data studying 14 different classes with a total of approximately 1200 students. We find that, on the average, approximately 70% of students use their own digital devices during class and 30% do not. The grades earned by the former group average nearly half a grade point average lower than the non-use group. Faculty policies are found to dramatically influence student behavior. Extensive student interview data will be reported that shows that students expect faculty members to set technology policies and summarizes their attitudes about technology use.
English, Lyn D.
This paper argues for a renewed focus on statistical reasoning in the beginning school years, with opportunities for children to engage in data modelling. Results are reported from the first year of a 3-year longitudinal study in which three classes of first-grade children (6-year-olds) and their teachers engaged in data modelling activities. The…
Avraamova, E. M.
Recent changes to the budgetary basis of schools in Russia has received a mixed response from parents, with a variety of views on whether the quality of education is being improved. Reductions in state support for preschool education raises questions about the ability of less affluent parents to prepare their children for first grade. Perhaps more…
Jensen, Vibeke Myrup
Background: Despite much discussion on the role of education policy on school and student performance, we know little about the effects of school spending at the margin on student cognitive achievement beyond the effects of class size. Purpose: The paper examines the effects of annual ninth grade classroom hours in literacy and maths on ninth…
Brown, David Lile
Grades which professors gave their students were related with ratings those students gave their professors. Students' grades were found to influence their ratings of faculty, accounting for approximately 9 percent of the total variance. (MV)
In twenty years of teaching, the author has never been involved in a project that sparked as much enthusiasm from students, parents, the administration, and other teachers as the Entrepreneur Fair. In an effort to challenge students to become entrepreneurs, the author developed a one-day market called the Entrepreneur Fair at Stonewall Elementary…
O'Hanlon, Angela L.
The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of pacing and scheduling of algebra coursework on assigned 9th-grade students who traditionally would qualify for pre-algebra instruction and same course 9th-grade students who traditionally would qualify for standard algebra instruction. Students were selected based on completion of first-year…
Eaton, Janet F.; And Others
This study examines the relationship between student misconceptions and learning by focusing on six fifth-grade students as they attempt to make sense of classroom instruction on light and seeing. Pretests, posttests, and classroom observation narratives served as student data. Pretests indicate that students held the misconception that sight is…
The College of Medicine grading system includes standard UIC grades and several grades unique to the college. Students are graded on a pass/fail system that includes more than one passing designation. The Outstanding (O) grade is awarded for high academic achievement or for clinical distinction. College
Counelis, James Steve
This report supplements the first South East Education Development project (SEED) on first grade children. Full and partial records of 624 second grade students and 591 third grade students are the basis of this diagnostic review. The empirical data obtained for the SEED project students included: each student's sex and number of full days in…
Hernthaisong, Preeyanan; Sitti, Somsong; Sonsupap, Kanyarat
The objectives of this research were to study the development of a curriculum for enhancing grade 9 students' cognitive skills using a curriculum based on Systems Thinking Process. There were 3 phases: 1) studying of the problem; 2) development of tentative curriculum; and 3) implementation of the curriculum in a pilot study. The samples were 32…
Eyers, Vivian George
To develop environmental education in Australia, a survey of tenth-grade students was undertaken. Thirty knowledge items and ten belief items were constructed. A panel of environmentalists and educators identified best responses for the knowledge items, and a common reference point, preservation of homo sapiens, for the belief items, so a…
Greening, Gary A.
Presented are science units for kindergarten and first-grade classes which include one or more non-verbal test items constructed to determine whether the student has learned the material presented in the unit. Units include: light, senses, gerbils, beans and peas, animal activities, and hatching chicks. (SL)
Citrus County Board of Public Instruction, Inverness, FL.
This collection of booklets deals with minumum standards in mathematics for beginning eleventh grade students. There is a statement of the standards with related skills, a test to assess competency with accompanying answer sheet and answer key, and eight booklets presenting problems covered by six of the standards. The booklets cover: percentages;…
Kurth, Jennifer; Gross, Megan; Lovinger, Stephanie; Catalano, Tammy
The present study describes teacher (K-12) opinions and practices related to grading and providing modified instruction, assignments, and assessments for students with low-incidence disabilities in inclusive settings. One hundred and thirty nine teachers working in K-12 inclusive schools in Arizona and California completed an on-line survey…
Gee, Thomas W.
A study examined the relationships between the quality of writing on composition examinations and topic selection, outlining, rough drafting, and revision. A sample of 1,372 grade twelve students' essays was examined. Among the issues examined were how topic selection affects the final essay score, if and how selection of topic affects the type or…
Shreiner, Berdella H.
This practicum was designed to improve the research and communication skills of eighth-grade students with the integration of technology, mathematics, and science when doing real-experience problem solving. Four units were developed that related the use of technology to skills that are also used in gathering, organizing, and manipulating research…
Sobkin, V. S.; Nikolashina, E. V.
An adolescent's attitude toward school government clearly reflects certain negative aspects that have to do with his/her alienation from the social life of the school. This article has been based on materials of a 2005 sociological survey of students in the ninth and eleventh grades of schools in the city of Moscow (n = 2,105). The aim of the…
Peter D. Hurd; C. Anderson Johnson; Terry Pechacek; L. Peter Bast; David R. Jacobs; Russell V. Luepker
An 8-month school-based smoking prevention program tested with 1526 seventh grade students resulted in a substantial reduction in the incidence of smoking relative to a comparison population. Two curriculum elements were found to have important deterrent effects on smoking onset: (1) emphasis on immediate and primarily social consequences of smoking and (2) personalization of the course materials and mode of
Northwest Territories Dept. of Education, Yellowknife.
This booklet is a collection of writing by ninth-grade students taken from the 1987 and 1988 Canadian Territorial Achievement Tests. The booklet's 70 pieces of writing include essays on education in the Northwest Territory, narratives on how the best laid plans can go wrong, humorous treatments on uses for chewing gum and the best ways to keep…
Morris, Ronald Vaughan
This article discusses a campaign called STIR: Stop Tobacco in Restaurants, that was started by fourth and fifth grade students. The goal was to end smoking in public places, including restaurants, bowling alleys, sports bars, and pool halls. For two years they motivated their peers, coordinated an information campaign to urge kids and adults to…
Watson, Jane M.
This study documented efforts to facilitate ideas of beginning inference in novice grade 7 students. A design experiment allowed modified teaching opportunities in light of observation of components of a framework adapted from that developed by Pfannkuch for teaching informal inference with box plots. Box plots were replaced by hat plots, a…
Dahlgren, Lars Owe; Fejes, Andreas; Abrandt-Dahlgren, Madeleine; Trowald, Nils
The Bologna process aims at harmonising the higher education systems in the Europe. One of the most important tools proposed for such a purpose is the European Credit Transfer System. A significant element of this system is a common seven-step grading scale. It has previously been shown that assessment characteristics impact on students'…
Covey, Barbara L.
Prepared for use by teachers of mentally gifted students in grades 7 through 9, the booklet offers a curriculum design for the teaching of literature. Considered is the difficult developmental stage in late childhood and early adolescence when children begin to assert their roles as individuals and often have no adult model other than the friendly…
College students planning to major in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields often drop out of those fields because of poorer than expected grades, according to a recent study. Conducted by Ralph Stinebrickner of Berea College in Kentucky and Todd Stinebrickner of the University of Western Ontario, the study is a National Bureau of Economic Research working paper published in June 2013.
McCaslin, Mary; Burross, Heidi Legg; Good, Thomas L.
In this article we examine student performance on mandated tests in grades 3, 4, and 5 in one state. We focus on this interval, which w e term "the fourth grade window," based on our hypothesis that students in grade four are particularly vulnerable to decrements in achievement. The national focus on the third grade as the critical benchmark in…
Docan, Tony N.
This study examined how particular grading systems motivate students. Since competency-based grading and point systems are most prevalent (Hendrickson and Gable, 1999), the current study is modeled around these systems. The grading systems used for this study were divided into two categories and defined as those students who earned their grades…
Paik, Seoung-Hey; Kim, Hyo-Nam; Cho, Boo-Kyoung; Park, Jae-Won
This study investigates the various conceptions held by K-8th Korean grade students regarding the 'changes of state' and the 'conditions for changes of state'. The study used a sample of five kindergarteners, five secondgrade students, five fourth-grade students, five sixth-grade students, and five eighth-grade students. The 25 students attend…
Munk, Dennis D.; Bursuck, William D.
Do seemingly motivated students with learning disabilities work hard in general education classes only to receive lower grades than their peers? Donahoe and Zigmond (1990) found that 60-70% of students with learning disabilities passed their mainstreaming classes but received a below-average (below a C-) grade. A similar finding was reported by…
Johnson, Delonda; Jones, Lisa; Simieou, Felix; Matthew, Kathryn; Morgan, Bryan
This study utilized a causal comparative (ex post facto) design to determine if a consistent relationship existed between fifth-grade students' success on the Science Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) at the elementary (K-5) level in comparison to fifth-grade students' success on the science TAKS at the intermediate (5-6)…
This study was designed to examine the effects of concept mapping on science achievement of middle grade science students. Concept mapping is a graphic display of concepts and the relationships or links among them. A concept map represents the students' understanding of a body of knowledge. The subjects were one hundred eighty-two eighth grade students, distributed into eight intact earth science classes at Bowling Green Junior High School. Students were homogeneously grouped by above average and average ability levels. Therefore, the ability level variable was examined as a possible effect. Students were divided into four treatment groups (two per ability level) and four control groups (two per ability level). Two teachers were involved in teaching a unit on weather for nine weeks. The treatment groups constructed concept maps, while the control groups did not. Two testing instruments (a conventional weather test and six performance assessment items) were used to measure achievement. For this sample of students, analyses of covariance indicated no significant overall effects of treatment on science achievement. A weak but statistically students measured by combined performance assessment items. Similar to the literature reviewed, the results of this research are somewhat mixed. The results suggest that the effect of concept mapping on science achievement is not clear and science educators should be cautious as to its practical use in the classroom. Furthermore, the results suggest that researchers should continue to seek more data to either support or reject the effectiveness of concept mapping.
Barkoukis, V; Taylor, I; Chanal, J; Ntoumanis, N
Enhancing students' academic engagement is the key element of the educational process; hence, research in this area has focused on understanding the mechanisms that can lead to increased academic engagement. The present study investigated the relation between motivation and grades in physical education (PE) employing a 3-year longitudinal design. Three hundred fifty-four Greek high school students participated in the study. Students completed measures of motivation to participate in PE on six occasions; namely, at the start and the end of the school year in the first, second, and third year of junior high school. Students' PE grades were also recorded at these time points. The results of the multilevel growth models indicated that students' PE grades increased over the 3 years and students had better PE grades at the end of each year than at the beginning of the subsequent year. In general, students and classes with higher levels of controlling motivation achieved lower PE grades, whereas higher levels of autonomous motivation were associated with higher PE grades. These findings provide new insight on the associations between class- and individual-level motivation with objectively assessed achievement in PE. PMID:24433528
Luckner, Amy E.; Pianta, Robert C.
This study investigates the extent to which teacher-student interactions in fifth grade classrooms are associated with peer behavior in fifth grade, accounting for prior peer functioning. Participants included 894 fifth grade students from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. The quality of teacher-student interactions…
2006-1154: EFFICIENT AND EFFECTIVE GRADING OF STUDENT WORK Agnieszka Miguel, Seattle University and Effective Grading of Student Work Abstract As new engineering educators, we are faced with countless responsibilities that compete for our valuable time. Grading student work is one of these new tasks that we all
Students rarely use their graded exams to study. An alternative method of grading exams, based on self-reflection, encourages students to use their mistakes as a learning resource. In this grading method, the test is returned with each question simply marked as "right" or 'wrong." Students can then go over their exams and resubmit them with…
Daab, Marcia J.
This practicum addressed the problem of decreased participation of fifth-grade students in the science fair. At this grade level, the science fair guidelines mandate that students enter a research-type project. For many fifth-grade students the desire to tackle this monumental task does not match their developing cognitive skills. The literature…
Montauk, S L; Scoggin, D M
Family Medicine resident physicians gave a slide show of information on AIDS to fifth and sixth grade students and their teachers. Throughout the program, students were encouraged to ask questions, which were recorded and categorized. Information on the presentation process, program content, and nature of the questions asked is presented. Through this pilot program, physicians in residency were trained and placed in a setting which allowed them to discuss AIDS with young people. Teachers were exposed to knowledge and techniques useful to their future role as educators concerning AIDS. The use of residents as co-educators in public school classrooms was shown to be an asset in the sometimes difficult, but necessary task of educating this age group about AIDS. More importantly, a unique insight into student perceptions was gained through the careful examination of 400 student questions about AIDS and other sexuality related issues. PMID:2796305
Colorado Student Assessment Program: 2001 Released Passages, Items, and Prompts. Grade 4 Reading and Writing, Grade 4 Lectura y Escritura, Grade 5 Mathematics and Reading, Grade 6 Reading, Grade 7 Reading and Writing, Grade 8 Mathematics, Reading and Science, Grade 9 Reading, and Grade 10 Mathematics and Reading and Writing.
Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver.
This document contains released reading comprehension passages, test items, and writing prompts from the Colorado Student Assessment Program for 2001. The sample questions and prompts are included without answers or examples of student responses. Test materials are included for: (1) Grade 4 Reading and Writing; (2) Grade 4 Lectura y Escritura…
Schuh, Kathy L.; Kuo, Yi-Lung; Knupp, Tawnya L.
The purpose of this study was to develop the Student Knowledge Linking Instrument (SKLI), an inventory for middle grades students that seeks to understand student knowledge construction processes. This study included 461 fifth and sixth grade students and follows from a series of qualitative studies that were used as a foundation for development…
Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.
This booklet provides Alberta (Canada) grade 9 teachers, administrators, and students with samples of the full range of students' writing that exemplify the criteria used to score students' written responses on the June 1990 Grade 9 English Language Arts Achievement Test. Commentary accompanying the students' writing samples in the booklet…
Fehn, Bruce; Heckart, Kimberly
This article details the work of third grade teacher, co-author Kim Heckart, as she engaged her students in making historical documentaries: a project that succeeded in reaching all of her third-grade students. For the last five years, Kim has required students to make historical documentaries. As her students produced these works, Kim conversed…
Larson, Heidi A.; El Ramahi, Mera K.; Conn, Steven R.; Estes, Lincoln A.; Ghibellini, Amanda B.
The purpose of this study was to reduce the negative effects that self-perceived levels of test anxiety have on third-grade students. The participants in this study consisted of 177 third-grade students at two Midwestern public elementary schools. Students at one school were taught relaxation techniques, while students at the second school served…
Although most researchers focus on scientists' creativity, students' scientific creativity should be considered, especially for high school and college students. It is generally assumed that most professional creators in science emerge from amateur creators. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between students' scientific creativity and selected variables including creativity, problem finding, formulating hypotheses, science achievement, the nature of science, and attitudes toward science for finding significant predictors of eleventh grade students' scientific creativity. A total of 130 male eleventh-grade students in three biology classes participated in this study. The main instruments included the Test of Divergent Thinking (TDT) for creativity measurement, the Creativity Rating Scale (CRS) and the Creative Activities and Accomplishments Check Lists (CAACL ) for measurement of scientific creativity, the Nature of Scientific Knowledge Scale (NSKS) for measurement of the nature of science, and the Science Attitude Inventory II (SAI II) for measurement of attitudes toward science. In addition, two instruments on measuring students' abilities of problem finding and abilities of formulating hypotheses were developed by the researcher in this study. Data analysis involved descriptive statistics, Pearson product-moment correlations, and stepwise multiple regressions. The major findings suggested the following: (1) students' scientific creativity significantly correlated with some of selected variables such as attitudes toward science, problem finding, formulating hypotheses, the nature of science, resistance to closure, originality, and elaboration; (2) four significant predictors including attitudes toward science, problem finding, resistance to closure, and originality accounted for 48% of the variance of students' scientific creativity; (3) there were big differences between students with a higher and a lower degree of scientific creativity on the variables of family support, career images, and readings about science; and (4) many students were confused about the creative and moral levels on NSKS and the concept of "almighty of science" and purposes of science on SAI II. The results of this study may provide a more holistic and integrative interpretation of students' scientific creativity and propose better ways of evaluating students' scientific creativity. In addition, the research results may encourage teachers to view scientific creativity as an ability that can be enhanced through various means in classroom science teaching.
Nowacki, Amy S.
Assessment is such an integral part of the educational system that we rarely reflect on its value and impact. Portfolios have gained in popularity, but much attention has emphasized the end-user and portfolio assessment. Here we focus on the portfolio creator (the student) and examine whether their educational needs are met with such an assessment method. This study aims to investigate how assessment practices influence classroom performance and the learning experience of the student in a graduate education setting. Studied were 33 medical students at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, a program utilizing a portfolio-based system. The students may elect to simultaneously enroll in a Masters program; however, these programs employ traditional letter grades. Thus creating a unique opportunity to assess 25 portfolio only (P) students and 8 portfolio and grade (PG) students concurrently taking a course that counts for both programs. Classroom performance was measured via a comprehensive evaluation where the PG students scored modestly better (median total scores, 72% P vs. 76% PG). Additionally, a survey was conducted to gain insight into student’s perspective on how assessment method impacts the learning experience. The students in the PG group (those receiving a grade) reported increased stress but greater affirmation and self-assurance regarding their knowledge and skill mastery. Incorporation of such affirmation remains a challenge for portfolio-based systems and an area for investigation and improvement. PMID:23565103
Bridges, Cynthia Denise
Many students have problems learning stoichiometry, a complex mathematical chemistry concept used to determine how much product will be produced or formed from a given quantity of reactants. The problem addressed in this study was teachers' lack of understanding of how to teach stoichiometry in a Midwestern urban school district. The conceptual framework of the study was based upon constructivist theory. A qualitative narrative approach was used to obtain the perceptions of 5 high school chemistry instructors related to their experiences, successful or unsuccessful, in teaching stoichiometry to students in Grades 10 and 11. Data were gathered through face-to-face interviews, which were analyzed via an inductive approach to reveal 6 themes: a difficult subject to teach, presentation of stoichiometry, relevancy, students' reactions, barriers, and gender differences. Findings suggested the need for teachers to be knowledgeable, creative, and resourceful in their subject areas to help their students to learn stoichiometry. Findings also revealed the need for teachers to adapt their instructional strategies and modes of delivery to reflect their students' individual learning styles. Understanding how the participating teachers explained stoichiometry to their students might help other chemistry teachers to examine and adapt their own instructional styles and delivery methods of the concept. This understanding might, in term, help to improve student achievement in stoichiometry in particular and chemistry in general.
Barry, John A.
Some psychology students achieve high grades in all classes except for research methods (RM). Previous research has usually treated low levels of achievement in RM as a unitary phenomenon, without reference to the grades the student is achieving in other subjects. The present internet survey explored preferences for learning RM in 140 psychology…
Penkilo, Monica; George, Goldy Chacko; Hoelscher, Deanna M.
Objective: To assess reproducibility of a School-Based Nutrition Monitoring (SBNM) questionnaire for fourth-grade students. Design: Test-retest. Setting: Fourth-grade elementary school classrooms. Participants: Multiethnic fourth-grade students from 2 area school districts (N = 322). Main Outcome Measures: Reproducibility coefficients with time…
Wiley, Caroline Rose Hummel
The majority of the research on grading practices thus far examines teachers' perceived grading practices through Likert-type surveys and vignettes regarding generic students. This study is unique because it proposes a more systematic method of qualitative inquiry to examine how teachers perceive grading on an individual student basis by asking…
Vaughn, Sharon; Wexler, Jade; Leroux, Audrey; Roberts, Greg; Denton, Carolyn; Barth, Amy; Fletcher, Jack
The authors report the effects of a yearlong, very small-group, intensive reading intervention for eighth-grade students with serious reading difficulties who had demonstrated low response to intervention (RTI) in both Grades 6 and 7. At the beginning of Grade 6, a cohort of students identified as having reading difficulties were randomized to…
Brown, David Lile
The purpose of this dissertation is to provide evidence bearing on the question of the influence of the grades students receive on their ratings of the college teachers who gave them those grades. Specifically, certain characteristics of the grade distribution within each course section are evaluated as predictors of the students' ratings of the…
Redding, Larry R.
This study explored the long-term benefits of the Reading Recovery ® program for economically disadvantaged students who were successfully discontinued after the first grade. The hypothesis was tested that students exiting first grade with grade-level reading abilities and with similar low socio-economic status (economically disadvantaged), who…
Dear Students, I tried to grade questions consistently, but grading is not a science not wish to haggle over grades, but I am more than happy to explain the solutions to any student have my email address and telephone number. The test grades seemed to me to be quite low
The purpose of this causal comparative study was to examine effect of the K-8 grade span configuration on the academic achievement of 8th-grade students in the State of Georgia, and to determine the viability of the K-8 grade configuration as a strategy for improving the academic achievement of students at the middle grade levels. This study…
Nowacki, Amy S
Assessment is such an integral part of the educational system that we rarely reflect on its value and impact. Portfolios have gained in popularity, but much attention has emphasized the end-user and portfolio assessment. Here we focus on the portfolio creator (the student) and examine whether their educational needs are met with such an assessment method. This study aims to investigate how assessment practices influence classroom performance and the learning experience of the student in a graduate education setting. Studied were 33 medical students at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, a program utilizing a portfolio-based system. The students may elect to simultaneously enroll in a Masters program; however, these programs employ traditional letter grades. Thus creating a unique opportunity to assess 25 portfolio only (P) students and 8 portfolio and grade (PG) students concurrently taking a course that counts for both programs. Classroom performance was measured via a comprehensive evaluation where the PG students scored modestly better (median total scores, 72% P vs. 76% PG). Additionally, a survey was conducted to gain insight into student's perspective on how assessment method impacts the learning experience. The students in the PG group (those receiving a grade) reported increased stress but greater affirmation and self-assurance regarding their knowledge and skill mastery. Incorporation of such affirmation remains a challenge for portfolio-based systems and an area for investigation and improvement. PMID:23565103
Cole, Partricka L.
This study investigated data from 5 high schools in West Tennessee. The study examined whether a ninth-grade transition program (i.e., the Ninth-grade Academy) had an effect on student achievement and engagement, which was measured by English I End-of-Course Test Scores, attendance rates, and dropout rates. All of the schools were treatment…
South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Vocational Education.
Lesson plans for activities in career education are presented in this teacher's guide designed for grades 6-8. The first section presents South Carolina's position on career education. Section two outlines suggested learner objectives to be attained under seven elements of career education: self-knowledge, decision-making skills, career awareness,…
This study examined the impact of computer-assisted instruction on the mathematics performance of underachieving fifth-grade students in a rural school district in South Carolina. The instructional technology program ([IF) is South Carolina's response to addressing the needs of its young, struggling math students. The 449 fifth-grade students in…
The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the interaction effect between grade level and gender with respect to students' attitudes toward chemistry lessons taught in secondary schools. The sample consisted of 954 chemistry students in grades Secondary 4-7 (approximately 16-19 years of age) in Hong Kong. Students' attitudes were…
Pangma, Rachapoom; Tayraukham, Sombat; Nuangchalerm, Prasart
Problem statement: The aim of this research was to study the causal factors influencing students' adversity between twelfth grade and third-year vocational students in Sisaket province, Thailand. Six hundred and seventy two of twelfth grade and 376 third-year vocational students were selected by multi-stage random sampling techniques. Approach:…
Hash, Phillip M.
This study examined the effect of pullout instrumental lessons on the academic achievement of eighth-grade band students. Participants (N = 353) included 292 nonband students and 61 band students pulled once per week for music lessons in a single suburban K-8 school district in Midwestern United States. Data indicated that eighth-grade band…
Kose, Sacit; Sahin, Abdurrahman; Ergun, Aysegul; Gezer, Kutret
Effective teaching and learning of science depends on the selected teaching method touching students' most learning senses. This study investigated the effects of cooperative learning on eighth grade students' achievement and attitude toward science. Participants were 68 students from two different eighth grade classrooms in an elementary school.…
Matos-Diaz, Horacio; Ragan, James F., Jr.
Prior research suggests that student evaluations of teaching may depend on the average grade expected in a class. We hypothesize that, because of risk aversion, student ratings also depend on the distribution of expected grades. As predicted, student ratings at the University of Puerto Rico at Bayamon are significantly and negatively related to…
Barringer, S. A.
The busy instructor wants to help their students learn but is often pressed for time. This article presents 6 grading techniques that help the students learn without taking a lot of time. First, not grading an assignment saves time and can still be valuable as long as the instructor carefully structures it so the students still have an incentive…
Knaack, Susan; Kreuz, Allie; Zawlocki, Erin
This action research project report uses standard-based grading to address the problem of traditional grades not adequately assessing student content mastery and students' lack of awareness regarding their strengths and weaknesses. Research was conducted by one elementary and two middle school teachers with 158 students between the dates of…
Calby, Diana Heywood
The effects of specific directions on the reading comprehension of sixth-grade students were investigated. Two passages on different topics, each with 20 percent of the sentences relevant to the topic, were materials for two informal tests administered to 92 six-grade students. Half of the students were given specific directions to learn about the…
Scheriff, Tennille Joie Natasha
This study investigated the effects of a reading strategy, repeated readings, on third grade students' reading achievement and attitudes. One hundred sixteen third grade students as members of six classrooms in one elementary school participated in this 10 week study. Using a quasi-experimental pretest posttest design, students' mean…
Hayes, Steven R.
An action research project was developed and implemented using student self monitoring of higher order thinking skills and task management to improve the music skills of a fifth grade beginning band (n=30) from a small middle school located in a rural midwest village. Evidence of the problem was documented with a performance test, a written test,…
Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2011
Middle grades schools have their hands full in working with elementary schools and high schools to improve the likelihood of success for middle grades students--accelerating learning, helping elementary students move seamlessly into the middle grades, preparing middle grades students for rigorous high school courses, changing organization and…
Previous research on the scientific creativity of children has been limited. The most salient limitations of previous literature have been: (a) narrowness of theoretical frameworks, (b) limitedness in using a variety of science process skills, (c) ignorance of the gender differences in scientific creativity, and (d) ignorance of elementary school students. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate the Scientific Creativity Test for fifth-grade students to identify scientific creativity in those students. A related purpose was to investigate the gender differences in scientific creativity. The Scientific Creativity Test consisted of three subtests: Problems and Solutions, Grouping of Flowers, and Design an Experiment. The test was administered to 138 fifth-grade students from six different elementary schools. The reliability analysis showed that the Scientific Creativity Test had a .89 coefficient as a consistency of scores. The concurrent validity analysis indicated that the Scientific Creativity Test had medium correlations with Teachers' Ratings of students' Scientific Ability (r = .42), Science Content Knowledge (r = .42), and Scientific Creativity (r = .51). The interrater reliability of the three items rated by two independent raters [1C (designing a construction about a solution), 2D (drawing a diagram about the relationships among the groups of flowers), and 3B (drawing an experiment to develop a solution for the environmental problem)], using the Consensual Assessment Technique showed medium to high correlations. The General Linear Modeling (GLM) Repeated Measures Two-Way Analysis of Variance indicated no overall significant differences between males and females. An interaction effect, however, was found. Females performed better than males in Subtest II (Grouping of Flowers) and slightly better in Subtest III (Design an Experiment). The analysis using the independent-samples t test indicated no significant differences between females and males in the scientific creativity test except in four items: 2A (grouping flowers) Fluency, 2A Flexibility, 2A Originality, and 2A Complexity. These differences were in favor of females. The findings present support of the psychometric properties of the Scientific Creativity Test in the identification of scientific creativity in children.
Hesser, Al; Lewis, Lloyd
A study explored predictors of African-American and other nontraditional medical students' first-year academic performance at the Medical College of Georgia. Variables included undergraduate grades and grades in a summer prematriculation program (SPP) featuring biochemistry, anatomy, and immunology courses. SPP grades were found useful in…
Ewing, Andrew M.
Grade inflation over the past few decades has been a concern for many universities. Course evaluation scores are known to be positively correlated with students' expected grades, and this paper tests whether or not there is an incentive for the instructor to "buy" higher evaluation scores by inflating grades. To test this hypothesis, I use unique…
Bartholdi III, John J.
VIP Design Notebook Evaluation for: (student's name) Mid-Semester Grades, Fall 2011 Your design notebook is assigned a letter grade A, B, C, D, F in five categories. The overall grade is what notebook and should not be removed. o _____Notebook Maintenance: Each page is numbered, dated and signed
Royal, Louise I.
An increasing number of elementary students in a rural school were promoted to a higher grade without having grade-level reading fluency skills, thereby becoming at risk of not reaching or maintaining their academic grade level reading skills. The purpose of this ex post facto quantitative study involving archival data analysis was to investigate…
Foster, Patrick N.
This technology studies curriculum for grades 6-8 is a plan for each middle school student to experience technology education for approximately 60 days (1 trimester of a 180-day school year) in each grade. Section A provides definitions; structure or content for grade-level programs with science and technology unifiers (unifying curricular…
Nebraska Department of Education, 2010
This publication presents the Nebraska Science Standards for Grades K-12. The standards are presented according to the following grades: (1) Grades K-2; (2) Grades 3-5; (3) Grades 6-8; and (4) Grades 9-12.
McKinzie, Abasi H.
This study utilized the student scores of eighth-grade mathematics students on the "Discovery Education Assessment," as well as the self-efficacy perceptions of eighth-grade mathematics teachers as determined by the "Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale" ("TSES") from seven middle schools that encompassed grades 6-8…
Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation and Data Processing Branch.
Results of the Alberta, Canada Grade 12 Diploma Examinations Program are presented for the January 1985 test administration. All twelfth grade students are required to pass at least one of these tests in order to receive a high school diploma. Some students also receive course credit by passing the appropriate examination. Examinations are…
Wegwert, Joseph C.
Grading is often seen as a point of conflict with students and, in upper elementary and beyond, with parents. It is a chore that consumes time and saps critical levels of energy better used for creative planning and preparation and face-to-face interactions with students. Grading is sometimes referred to as a "necessary evil," yet many teachers…
Stanfield, Gayle M.
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether third grade literacy students who receive incentive rewards as part of their instruction will exhibit significantly higher reading habits and attitudes toward recreational reading than they did before the incentives were introduced. The study examined 19 third grade students with fairly high…
Belge Can, Hatice
The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of interaction between gender and grade level on secondary school students' attitudes toward chemistry as a school subject. The sample is composed of 197 students across Grades 9 to 11. The Attitude Scale Toward Chemistry, developed by Geban & Ertepinar (1994), is used to collect data.…
Alkhawaldeh, Salem A.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the conceptual change text oriented instruction over traditionally designed instruction on ninth grade students' understanding of the human circulatory system concepts, and their retention of this understanding. The subjects of this study consist of 73 ninth grade female students…
This study examined the nature of science (NOS) views of lower elementary grade level students, including their views of scientists. Participants were 23 third-grade African American students from two Midwest urban settings. A multiple instrument approach using an open-ended questionnaire, semi-structured interviews, a modified version of the…
Germain, Marie-Line; Scandura, Terri A.
The media has recently exposed that grade inflation is a concern for higher education in North America. Grade inflation may be due to consumerism by universities that now compete for students. Keeping students happy (and paying) may have been emphasized more than learning. We review the literature on faculty evaluation and present a model that…
Cannon, Jill S.; Lipscomb, Stephen
This report uses administrative data provided by the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) on kindergarten to third-grade students. The records begin with kindergartners in 2001, first-graders in 2002, second-graders in 2003, and third-graders in 2004 and include all LAUSD students in grades K-3 for 2004 to 2008. Altogether, the raw data…
Austin, Wesley; Heath, Cary
This article addresses the question of whether youth drinking leads to lower grades for public and private school students. Instrumental variables (IV) regressions are used to investigate differences in the relationship between drinking and grades based on whether students attend a public or private school. The regressions reveal that drinking…
Pimta, Sakorn; Tayraukham, Sombat; Nuangchalerm, Prasart
Problem statement: This study aims to investigate factors influencing mathematic problem-solving ability of sixth grade students. One thousand and twenty eight of sixth grade students, studying in the second semester of academic year 2007 were sampled by stratified random sampling technique. Approach: The research instruments used in the study…
Abbott, Mary; Wills, Howard; Greenwood, Charles R.; Kamps, Debra; Heitzman-Powell, Linda; Selig, James
This study matched 15 kindergarten and 1st-grade retained students in 7 schools with their promoted peers on grade-level literacy performance. Researchers collected literacy assessments, demographic information, and instruction dosage data. Retained kindergarten students received less intervention and did not benefit academically from retention.…
Varcadipane, Vincent N.
This report describes the process used by a small, one-building kindergarten-through-grade-six school district in New Jersey to improve the reading scores of students who had fallen below their current grade in reading. Areas of need included improving the reading scores of students in regular education, special education, and…
Watkins, Diane; Dummer, Paul; Hawthorne, Kamila; Cousins, Judy; Emmett, Catherine; Johnson, Mike
This paper reports on the findings from a study undertaken to explore students' perceptions of the timeliness, accessibility, consistency, and quality of feedback and grading received electronically. The system used was GradeMark®, an electronic tool available through the plagiarism software provider, Turnitin®. 296 students from the Schools…
Seckin Kapucu, Munise; Cakmakci, Gultekin; Aydogdu, Cemil
This quasi-experimental study aims to investigate the documentary films' influence on 8th grade students' nature of science views. The study's participants were 113 8th grade students from two different schools taught by two different teachers. The study was completed over a 6-week period, during which topics related to "Cell Division and…
Smith, Jeffrey K.; Smith, Lisa F.
Kahneman and Tversky's (1979, 2000; Tversky & Kahneman, 1981) work in decision-making was applied to student preferences for grading practices. Undergraduate psychology students (n = 240) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 framing conditions related to how a university course might be graded: a 100 point system, a percentage system, and an open…
MIXING PROBLEMS A study of St. Michael's 8th grade students found that boys answer 1 question A study of St. Michael's 8th grade students found that boys answer 1 question during each math class, while girls answer 4 questions during each math class. Question: If Mrs. Gould has 7 boys and 5 girls
Cetin, Hatice; Ertekin, Erhan
This study investigates the relationship between eighth grade primary school students' success levels in solving equations and proportional reasoning skills. 344 eighth grade students, who were registered at various primary schools in the central districts of Konya in the 2007-2008 educational year, participated in the research. The study had a…
Gosnell, Joan C.
The purpose of the study was to explore student characteristics, academic self-efficacy, and faculty-student interactions as predictors of grade point average for upper-division (college level third and fourth year) education students at a public 4-year degree-granting community college. The study examined the effects of student characteristics…
Cassell, Joan R.
This practicum was designed to decrease the number of aggressive responses to conflict by fifth grade students. The goal was to increase student awareness of peaceful resolutions while decreasing the number of teacher interventions in student conflicts. To educate students on conflict resolution, the Community Board Curriculum for conflict…
Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Petscher, Yaacov; Pappamihiel, N. Eleni; Williams, Rihana S.; Dyrlund, Allison K.; Connor, Carol
This study examines growth in oral reading fluency across 2nd and 3rd grade for Latino students grouped in 3 English proficiency levels: students receiving English as a second language (ESL) services (n = 2,182), students exited from ESL services (n = 965), and students never designated as needing services (n = 1,857). An important focus was to…
Ramnarain, Umesh; Joseph, Aleyamma
This study investigated the learning difficulties of grade 12 South African students in a national chemistry examination. A quantitative analysis of students' performance in the examination revealed there was a significant difference between student performance in questions where students needed to execute a transformation across levels of…
Shepherd, Marvin D.; And Others
A survey of pharmacy graduate students and postbaccalaureate PharmD students examined undergraduate grade-point averages when the students were accepted into an advanced program. Focus was on whether PharmD programs have had an effect on the quality of graduate students accepted in pharmacy programs. (Author/MLW)
Tabak, Gurkan; Topuzkanamis, Ersoy
This research was conducted with an aim to analyze the writing dispositions of the 6th grade students in terms of different variables. The research was carried out based on the descriptive survey model. The participants of the research are composed of a total of 672 students as 342 male students and 330 female students from Ankara, Balikesir,…
Aird, Andrew; Tomera, Audrey
Sixth grade students were divided into two groups. Students in one group received instruction on water conservation using expository and discovery activities. The students in the control group received none. Results gave evidence that students' values could be changed by this mode of water conservation instruction. (MA)
Morris, Ronald V.
Teachers use a number of instructional strategies to help students develop citizenship skills and learn state and local history. In many communities, teachers include field trips and walking tours to help students learn more about people. In this article, the author describes how third-grade students learned from older students and from their…
Holt, Emily W.; McGrath, Daniel J.; Herring, William L.
This Issue Brief reports the timing of entry into special education and the number of grades in which students receive special education across the primary grades. About 12 percent of students receive special education in at least one of the grades: kindergarten, first, and third grade, including 16 percent of boys, 8 percent of girls, 18 percent…
Pederson, L L; Koval, J J; O'Connor, K
The associations of psychosocial characteristics with both gender and smoking behavior were explored in a sample of 1552 grade-six students from 107 schools in one Ontario, Canada, school district. Ever smokers were more likely to have spending money: a part-time job; to have missed school in previous 2 months; perceive themselves to be below average or average in school; to have a mother, a father, and a sibling who smoke; to have consumed low alcohol and alcoholic beverages; and agree with fewer positive statements concerning second-hand smoke and the addictive properties of smoking. Ever smokers had more close friends who tried smoking, spent more time with friends, scored higher on depression, rebelliousness, and social conformity scales, reported more life events in the past year, and had lower scores for social support. More boys than girls had ever smoked (18.9% vs. 14.7%). Gender differences were found for sociodemographic, attitudes, social bonding, and psychosocial factors. PMID:9113212
McClowry, Sandra Graham; Snow, David L.; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Rodriguez, Eileen T.
A prevention trial tested the efficacy of "INSIGHTS into Children's Temperament" as compared to a Read Aloud attention control condition in reducing student disruptive behavior and enhancing student competence and teacher classroom management. Participants included 116 first and second grade students, their parents, and their 42 teachers in six…
Tsai, Liang-Ting; Yang, Chih-Chien
This study was conducted to understand the effect of student-, classroom-, and school-level factors on the science performance of 8th-grade Taiwanese students in the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2011 by using multilevel analysis. A total of 5,042 students from 153 classrooms of 150 schools participated in the TIMSS…
This study investigated the change of the science academic achievement by grade level and gender where 222 elementary students' science and technology course scores between the 4th and 8th grades and science success percentages in 6th and 8th grades Level Determination Exam were longitudinally analyzed. Based on the findings of this study,…
Wu, Jiun-Yu; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-Man
Teacher, peer, and student reports of the quality of the teacher-student relationship were obtained for an ethnically diverse and academically at-risk sample of 706 second- and third-grade students. Cluster analysis identified four types of relationships based on the consistency of child reports of support and conflict in the relationship with…
Chiu, Donna; Beru, Yodit; Watley, Erin; Wubu, Selam; Simson, Emma; Kessinger, Robin; Rivera, Anahi; Schmidlein, Patrick; Wigfield, Allan
The authors examined how math track placement and gender affected 7th-grade students' self-esteem, self-concepts, and social comparisons. Participants were 170 students who completed surveys that assessed their self-esteem, academic self-concepts of ability, and the kinds of social comparisons they make. Results showed that higher track students…
Johnson, Michael P.
The eighth grade student assignment project, an initiative of the School District of Philadelphia, assigns students to high school academic programs based on student preferences, academic preparation, program capacity, and desegregation requirements. These programs, called small learning communities (SLCs), emphasize areas such as design and…
Cook, Linda W.
State and national leaders have focused on the role of the teacher, and the teacher's impact on student achievement. This qualitative study examined narratively the stories of effective teachers of 5th grade students to determine the methods and strategies that they use to foster improved student achievement. Narrative techniques were utilized to…
Barrett, Julie Ann
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the current school computer access rates of elementary school students and to determine the extent to which school computer access relates to academic achievement among Grade 5 students in the state of Texas. Specifically, the relationship of school computer access to student passing rates on the…
Evertson, Carolyn M.; And Others
Findings from the Student Attribute Study, a two-year investigation designed to identify student characteristics and behaviors related to teacher expectations and attitudes are reported. Children in grades two through five who received consistent teacher rankings over a two-year period on one or more of 13 bi-polar scales describing student…
Cheng, Tereza Sy; Tse, Lap Ah; Yu, Ignatius Tak-Sun; Griffiths, Sian
Background: Breakfast skipping is an international public health concern. This study investigated the prevalence of breakfast skipping among primary sixth-grade students in Hong Kong and the impact of students' perceptions of parental attitudes on breakfast skipping. Methods: A total of 426 students aged 10-14 years in 4 local schools participated…
Kiefer, Sarah Marie; Ellerbrock, Cheryl R.
The authors investigated characteristics middle grades students associated with social success among peers in school and studied how these perceptions changed over time. They suggest that interdisciplinary teams can promote positive student-student relationships and a healthy peer culture based on positive peer values. (Contains 2 figures.)
Meacham, Isabel; Bachmann, George
In order to introduce information about the new California State University freshman admission requirements to high school students, an outreach program has been developed in the university's feeder high schools, particularly those with large numbers of minority students. A pilot project was conducted with tenth grade students in Alhambra High…
Lamon, John Russell
Georgia law mandates that students who fail the state Criterion-Referenced Competency Tests (CRCT) twice in grades three, five, and eight be retained, unless a committee is convened including a subject-area teacher, an administrator, and the student's parent or guardian. If the committee unanimously decides the student may be successful in the…
Bouck, Emily C.; Bouck, Mary K.
This study explored the performance of sixth grade students with and without disabilities on a mathematics assessment aligned to state standards when provided a calculator as an accommodation. The study utilized a pre/posttest design. No student was given access to a calculator on the pretest, and approximately half of the students were randomly…
Klecker, Beverly M.; Klecker, Richard L.
This descriptive research study examined 2013 NAEP 12th-grade mathematics scores by students' use of graphing calculators in math classes and the kind of calculator students used during NAEP assessment. NAEP Data Explorer analysis included two questions from Student Factors: How often do you use these different kinds of calculators in math…
Goots, Pamela Bertozzi
This study investigated whether a particular grade in school would prove to be critical in the development of underachievement in 100 high school students identified as intellectually gifted, where 18 of the students were identified as underachieving. Data were collected on each student, including IQ scores, age identified as gifted, gender, final…
Moore, Benjamin Thomas
The purpose of this study was to use the current body of literature to solicit views of students and teachers regarding the distinguishable characteristics that students must possess which allow for a successful transition from eighth to ninth grade mathematics classes. A determination of which factors students and teachers believe have the most…
McElroy, Todd; Mosteller, Lynn
Introduction: In this paper we investigate how students' class grades are affected by individual differences in circadian rhythm, class time-of-day and class difficulty. Method: Using a sample of university students, we assessed morningness and eveningness personality type, and then obtained students recalled classes as well as their…
Pasco, Denis; Ennis, Catherine D.
Students' prior knowledge has been identified to play an important role in the learning process through conceptual change. In physical education, positive changes in students' lifestyles may come from changes in their conceptual understanding. In this study 45 third grade students (mean age = 8.54 years) were interviewed during their regular…
Muschkin, Clara G.; Glennie, Elizabeth; Beck, Audrey N.
Background: Many school systems have ended social promotion by implementing accountability systems where students who fail academic assessments are retained in grade. Additionally, some parents have delayed their children's entry into school, believing that older students have an advantage. While research has examined outcomes for students…
The aim of the study is to find the correlation that exists between physical activity level and grade point averages of faculty of education students. The subjects consist of 359 (172 females and 187 males) under graduate students To determine the physical activity levels of the students in this research, International Physical Activity…
Wanzek, Jeanne; Kent, Shawn C.
For students with learning disabilities, the upper elementary grades may represent a unique opportunity to provide successful remediation for lessening a reading difficulty and preventing students with learning disabilities from falling behind in other content areas. This article discusses effective reading interventions for students with learning…
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of using the interactive student notebook versus the use of traditional note-taking methods on math and science achievement for fifth grade students. The researcher hypothesized that the ISN would have a significant positive impact on math and science student achievement. Multiple regression…
Wise, Kevin; Haake, Monica
In this article, the authors describe steps on how to develop a high-impact activity in which students build, test, and improve their own "coffee can" speakers to observe firsthand how loudspeakers work to convert electrical energy to sound. The activity is appropriate for students in grades three to six and lends itself best to students…
A primary education specialist designed and implemented a 10-week practicum intervention intended to teach third-grade students how to tell time. Eight students who experienced considerable difficulty in telling time by 5- and 1-minute intervals participated in the study. Students learned to tell time through classroom and playground activities…
Bryant, Diane Pedrotty; Bryant, Brian R.; Roberts, Greg; Vaughn, Sharon; Pfannenstiel, Kathleen Hughes; Porterfield, Jennifer; Gersten, Russell
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of an early numeracy preventative Tier 2 intervention on the mathematics performance of first-grade students with mathematics difficulties. Researchers used a pretest-posttest control group design with randomized assignment of 139 students to the Tier 2 treatment condition and 65 students to…
The practice of grading student writing often seems arbitrary and unfair to students. It is important to students and educators that writing is fairly and accurately assessed in order to facilitate demonstrable improvement in their composition. This research addressed a specific writing rubric as a method to mitigate implicit or subconscious…
Ortiz, Araceli Martinez
The research described in this dissertation explores the impact of utilizing a LEGO-robotics integrated engineering and mathematics program to support fifth grade students' learning of ratios and proportion in an extracurricular program. The research questions guiding this research study were (1) how do students' test results compare for students…
Good, Thomas L.; Wood, Marcy B.; Sabers, Darrell; Olson, Amy M.; Lavigne, Alyson Leah; Sun, Huaping; Kalinec-Craig, Crystal
Background: American students have done poorly in algebra and that has generated policy concerns about preparing students for STEM careers. There has been growing recognition that the algebra problem may begin in earlier grades when students do not adequately master rational numbers. Purpose: The study provided a series of workshops organized…
Gillespie, Amy; Olinghouse, Natalie G.; Graham, Steve
The purpose of this study was to determine what students know about the process of writing and the characteristics of stories, persuasive arguments, and informational reports. Participants were 50 grade 5 students. Students responded to questions about writing process and the three different types of writing, and showed a nuanced but relatively…
Johnson, Genevieve Marie; Johnson, Julia Ann
Teacher-Student Congruence was quantified by comparing 52-item descriptive profiles of 38 at-risk students, completed by both kindergarten teachers and receiving first-grade teachers, and reading achievement scores. Congruence in terms of student readiness, language, and perceptual/motor descriptors evidenced predictive validity. (Author/JDD)
Smith, Ann Marie
This case study explores seventh grade students' experiences with writing and performing poetry. Teacher and student interviews along with class observations provide insight into how the teacher and students viewed spoken word poetry and identity. The researcher recommends practices for the teaching of critical literacy using spoken word and…
South Carolina State Dept. of Health and Environmental Control, Columbia.
The goal of this curriculum is to teach students to think about their daily habits and to make environmentally responsible choices. The lessons and activities are divided by grade levels: 6-8 and 9-12. Lessons in each grade level are designed to cover a range of student skills, subject areas, and environmental issues. An extensive resource section…
Cibula, June Clarke
A practicum was conducted to improve reading comprehension in classroom performance with the basal reading series and on norm-referenced tests. Subjects included a fifth-grade class of 28 students who were paired with another fifth-grade class as peer teachers. New skills were taught and practiced with the target population early in the week. On…
Gulay, Hulya; Akman, Berrin; Kargi, Eda
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the level of social skills of the first-grade primary school students who received preschool education and not. The sample group of the study consists of 521 children studying in the first grade of primary schools in Turkish provinces of Ankara, Kars, Malatya, Igdir, Samsun, Mersin, Gaziantep, Karabuk,…
Biggs, Shirley A.; Musewe, Lucas O.; Harvey, Jean P.
Our study examines the impact of adult mentoring on Black, under-resourced, urban, middle grade students. First, we explore impact of mentoring on grades earned in the context of a comprehensive program which included one-on-one mentoring and an array of out-of-school enrichment activities. We also examine the nature of mentor-mentee engagement…
Taylor, Rosemarye T.
In contrast to the primary grades when children are learning to read, students in grades 4 through 12 are expected to learn content as they read, yet they may still struggle with reading basics. This book provides a realistic and systematic process for improving reading and writing while enhancing content knowledge and skills. Based on proven…
Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2008
This newsletter focuses on strategies middle grades schools are using to prepare more students for success in high school. This is part of a series of newsletters describing best practices for implementing the HSTW, MMGW and TCTW (High Schools That Work, Making Middle Grades Work, Technology Centers That Work) school improvement models. The series…
This practicum was designed to incorporate critical thinking skills instruction and practice into a fourth-grade curriculum to increase fourth-grade students' ability to recognize and apply critical thinking strategies to appropriate situations. This program concentrated on the increasing of six critical thinking skills: classification, sequence…
We are attempting to uncover the school nutrition program's role in weight management of 4th grade elementary students. Data was collected within a time frame for the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) set at two months at the WT Cheney Elementary School and South Wood Elementary for 4th grade stud...
Within the physical education discipline, there has been debate and a lack of consensus with regard to the relevancy of various factors used for the determination of student grades such as attendance, being dressed in a physical education uniform, and participation. To examine current professional practice with respect to grading in physical…
Hayes, Suzanne Scott
The researcher studied the effect of multiple strategy instruction on the reading comprehension of low-achieving and average first-grade readers, and gifted first-grade students. The researcher also sought to determine how the effect of multiple strategy instruction differs according to gender. Running records and "Assessing Comprehension…
Slater, Timothy F.
Accompanying the new US curriculum standards and guidelines are new grading and assessment strategies. Three types of portfolio assessments being utilized are Showcase Portfolios, Checklist Portfolios and Open-Format Portfolios. This alternative grading strategy supports student learning on conventional examinations and appears to have additional benefits.
Redetzke, Pamela M.
Adolescents continue to use alcohol and other drugs despite the profound risks to their health. This thesis examines the attitudes of students in grades 7-9 toward alcohol and other nonprescriptive mind-altering substances. Eight independent variables were investigated: (1) gender; (2) grade placement; (3) DARE (Drug Abuse Resistance Education)…
Green, Nora D.
The math achievement of third and fourth grade special education students has been identified as an area of concern within a public school located in a small rural town located on the east coast. The purpose of this action research study was to investigate whether or not the Touch Math strategy increased the math ability of third and fourth grade…
Lee, Mickey M.; And Others
A study examined students' change in attitudes toward dental education, themselves, and gross anatomy based on their experience in a difficult anatomy course and their final grades. Change occurred only in their attitudes about dental education, but it is concluded that specific aspects of the environment can be used to predict a final grade. (MSE)
Spahr, Anthony E.
A study was undertaken at Morton College, in Illinois, to examine the relationship of entering grade point average (GPA) and grades in prerequisite support courses in algebra, biology, and chemistry to graduation in the college's nursing program. A sample was developed of 255 students admitted to the nursing program in 1990, 1991, and 1992 and…
Kurt, Johnny T.
The purpose of this pretest-posttest comparative efficacy study was to analyze factors affecting literacy achievement of eighth grade middle school instrumental music students (n = 38) including (a) socioeconomic status (SES), (b) gender, (c) grade point average (GPA), (d) music motivation, (e) music involvement, and (f) instrument section. The…
Bjelica, Momcilo; Rankovic, Dragica
The development of computer science, statistics and other technological fields, give us more opportunities to improve the process of evaluation of degree of knowledge and achievements in a learning process of our students. More and more we are relying on the computer software to guide us in the grading process. An improved way of grading can help…
Mann, F. A.; March, Zachary; Tomlinson, James L.; Pope, Eric R.; Cook, James L.; Wagner-Mann, Colette C.; Yoon, Hun-Young
A retrospective study was performed to evaluate a satisfactory/unsatisfactory (S/U) grading scheme in a didactic surgery laboratory during the first 3 years of implementation (2002-2004) and identify areas for improvement that might be adapted to this course or similar courses. Each instructor graded six students per session by assigning a…
Bell, Mary Lou; Padget, Alison; Kelley-Baker, Tara; Rider, Raamses
Protecting You/Protecting Me (PY/PM) is a classroombased, alcohol use prevention and vehicle safety program for elementary students from first through fifth grades developed by Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD). PY/PM is one of the first alcohol prevention programs to target children as early as first grade. The focus of this study is on the…
Sadler, Philip M.; Good, Eddie
The 2001 U.S. Supreme Court Case of Falvo v. Owasso School System (Owasso Independent School District No I-011 v. Falvo) has focused national attention on the common classroom practice of peer-grading. In a unanimous decision the court reaffirmed the popular view that students grading each others' tests is valuable, saving teachers' time and…
McMahon, Susan D.; Rose, Dale S.; Parks, Michaela
Evaluated the effectiveness of an arts-based educational program, Basic Reading through Dance. Results for 328 first-grade program participants, compared with 393 comparison students, suggest that participants improved significantly more in reading skills that were assessed. (SLD)
Hammer, Mary Elizabeth
The problem addressed by this study was that of the possible presence of similar mathematical misconceptions between both 6th grade and undergraduate students. Also, if these misconceptions do exist, the question thus arises whether...
Polly, Drew; Frazier, Joyce; Hopper, Cindy; Chapman, Marvin; Wells, Richard
This study examined the influence of a semester-long seminar on student teachers' perceptions of their preparedness for student teaching. Eighteen pre-service teachers in elementary (grades K-6) and middle grades (grades 6-8) participated in the seminar. Seventeen pre-service teachers from the same programs were used as a matched comparison group.…
MyUni Grade Centre Grade Centre................................................................................................................................. 2 My Grades (student feature)...................................................................................................... 2 Create a Tool Link to My Grades tool on for students (optional
Mendoza, Christine Daryabigi
The purpose of this study was to examine a possible relationship between student perceptions of parental involvement and student goal orientation for an ethnically diverse fifth grade elementary population from high-poverty schools. This study was quantitative in nature and employed the Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scales (PALS) to assess the…
GUIDELINES: This form should be used by degree seeking students who wish to audit a course(s). Grades: Grades for audited courses will become part of the student's permanent academic record and will appear on the College transcript. The
GUIDELINES: This form should be used by degree seeking students who wish to audit a course(s). Grades: Grades for audited courses will become part of the student's permanent academic record and will appear on the College transcript. The instructor will assign a grade of "O" for a successful audit
...Schedule C for grades not exceeding grade GS-15 of the General Schedule, and shall...Assignments for positions graded higher than GS-15. Incumbents of these positions who...Schedule C for grades not exceeding GS-15 of the General Schedule and...
Donald P. French
In recent years, several solutions have been proposed at various institutions nationwide to curb the phenomena of "grade inflation". Solutions include limiting the number of A's awarded, converting to a +/- system, publishing the class GPA next to each grade, or publishing an index based on the grades typically awarded in the class (Johnson 2003). With the many variations, exceptions and ranking systems being debated, the fundamental issue remains, whether students should be ranked as a means to contend with the effects of grade inflation.
Jack, Deloris A.; Fitzsimmons, George
Grade one and prevocational ninth-grade classes were presented with a list of 35 occupations and activities. Students responded by indicating woman, man or either. Results revealed both first-grade and ninth-grade boys have very stereotyped views of occupations. (Author)
Sean F. Reardon; Claudia Galindo
In this article, we describe patterns of Hispanic students' math skill development during elementary school using data from a nationally representative sample of Hispanic students assessed in math skills from kindergarten through 5th grade. Several robust patterns are evident. First, Hispanic students enter kindergarten with average math skills significantly lower than those of native-born, non-Hispanic White students, and similar to
Barrow, L.H.; Morrisey, J.T.
The purpose of the study was to determine if there was any relationship between energy attitudes of ninth-grade students by gender and by their geographical location (Maine and New Brunswick). For general energy concerns, Maine students had a more positive attitude than New Brunswick students. Both Maine and New Brunswick females had a more positive attitude toward energy than males. Overall, Maine and New Brunswick students had a nonpositive attitude toward energy.
Herring, William L.; McGrath, Daniel J.; Buckley, Jacquelyn A.
This Issue Brief provides a detailed description of the proportion of elementary school students receiving special education in kindergarten, first grade, third grade, and fifth grade; the primary disabilities of these students; and the variation in these measures across a range of demographic and school characteristics. Data for this analysis are…
Liu, Kimy; Ketterlin-Geller, Leanne R.; Yovanoff, Paul; Tindal, Gerald
BRT Math Screening Measures focus on students' mathematics performance in grade-level standards for students in grades 1-8. A total of 24 test forms are available with three test forms per grade corresponding to fall, winter, and spring testing periods. Each form contains computation problems and application problems. BRT Math Screening Measures…
Barnett, Bruce D.
A computer program that performs the computations involved in recording and averaging grades is presented and described. It can combine homework, in-term tests, and a final examination. The program is written in BASIC. (MP)
The aim of this study is to develop a general attitude scale about environmental issues (GASE) for students in different grade levels. The research was carried out with the total 1225 students; 409 (33.4%) were primary school students in grades 5, 6, 7 and 8; 408 (33.3%) of the students were in grades 9, 10, 11 and 12 at high schools and the…
Silber, Earle; Arnstein, Robert L.; Backus, Varda; Eddy, Harrison P.; Liptzin, Myron B.; Notman, Malkah Tolpin; Reich, Peter; Reid, Elizabeth Aub; Siggins, Lorraine D.; Silverman, Morton; Stauffer, Tom G.; Wenger, Robert E.
This book, formulated by the Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry (GAP) Committee on the College Student, describes the complexity of graduate student lives and advocates providing students with mental health services and other support to help them cope more successfully with the challenges of graduate school. It provides a view of students…
Myers, Lawrence C.
Clerkship Grading/Evaluation Policy Students are evaluated by their preceptors and clerkship directors based on student performance in the following areas of competency: · Medical Knowledge on the results of evaluations by preceptors, exams, projects and other assignments given by the clerkship
Kitchen, Elizabeth; King, Summer H; Robison, Diane F; Sudweeks, Richard R; Bradshaw, William S; Bell, John D
In this article we report a 3-yr study of a large-enrollment Cell Biology course focused on developing student skill in scientific reasoning and data interpretation. Specifically, the study tested the hypothesis that converting the role of exams from summative grading devices to formative tools would increase student success in acquiring those skills. Traditional midterm examinations were replaced by weekly assessments administered under test-like conditions and followed immediately by extensive self, peer, and instructor feedback. Course grades were criterion based and derived using data from the final exam. To alleviate anxiety associated with a single grading instrument, students were given the option of informing the grading process with evidence from weekly assessments. A comparative analysis was conducted to determine the impact of these design changes on both performance and measures of student affect. Results at the end of each year were used to inform modifications to the course in subsequent years. Significant improvements in student performance and attitudes were observed as refinements were implemented. The findings from this study emphasized the importance of prolonging student opportunity and motivation to improve by delaying grade decisions, providing frequent and immediate performance feedback, and designing that feedback to be maximally formative and minimally punitive. PMID:17012219
Allen, Rich; Scozzi, Nigel
Today's students must be more than good test takers. They must be able to collaborate, innovate, and think critically to solve real-world problems. As content demands increase, how can teachers make time to teach these advanced skills? "Sparking Student Synapses, Grades 9-12" describes how master teacher Nigel Scozzi used Rich Allen's Green Light…
Peterson, Shelley; Ladky, Mary
Examines gender features in eighth-grade students' writing in terms of the relationships among characters and the use of violence, comparing the analyses to perspectives offered by the students in small group conversations. Finds evidence of competitive relationships within sports and romance stories, as well as elements of violence and metaphors…
Dowdell, Elizabeth Burgess
The health of adolescents and the adults they will become can be linked to the health-related behaviors they adopt as children. To replicate a pilot study with a more culturally diverse population a descriptive, correlational study was undertaken with 379 seventh grade students. Key findings from this study include (a) students exposed or involved…
Kariuki, Patrick N.; Morris, Dustin A.
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between reading comprehension scores and conceptual mathematics scores of third grade students at a selected elementary school. The sample consisted of 27 students of which 15 were females and 12 were males. Data were collected using a teacher made conceptual math exam and the scores from…
Kolb, Haven, Ed.
Included in this set are the teacher's guide and the four student laboratory manuals for the seventh grade science program, "A Search For Structure." The program has three phases, each consisting of student-centered, investigative activities. There are two subject area options in phase one: option A, Rocks and Minerals; and option B, Insects. The…
Scriber, Kent; Gray, Courtney; Millspaugh, Rose
Objective: To explore and address some of the challenges for assessing, interpreting, and grading athletic training students' clinical performance and to suggest athletic training educators consider using a more universal assessment method for professional consistency. Background: In years past students learned from teachers or mentors on an…
Hopkins, Martha C.; Wright, Donna K.
Developing financial fitness requires first developing a knowledge base and then applying it. This teacher guide and student storybook package focuses on personal finance skills for primary school students in grades K-2. The teacher guide contains 16 lessons divided into the 5 theme areas of earning an income, saving, spending, borrowing, and…
Post, Thomas R.; Harwell, Michael R.; Davis, Jon D.; Maeda, Yukiko; Cutler, Arnie; Andersen, Edwin; Kahan, Jeremy A.; Norman, Ke Wu
This study examined achievement patterns of middle school students enrolled in Standards-based curricula, in particular those curricula that were funded from a solicitation of proposals through the National Science Foundation (NSF) in the early 1990s (NSF RFP 91-100). Approximately 1400 middle-grades students who had used either the Connected…
Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
This report summarizes the spring 2003, seventh-grade reading achievement data from five different schools in an urban school district in a mid-sized city in the Pacific Northwest. The original data set contained 358 students, but 96 students were removed from the data set prior to analysis because they had no scores in any of the dependent…
Ahmed Shami, Mohammad Ansar; And Others
The relationship between course loads and grade point average (GPA) was studied in 1978-79 for undergraduate students at the College of Shariah of King Abdulaziz University, Saudia Arabia. Three groups of students were compared, based on the number of credit hours earned: 11 or less credit hours, 12 to 17 credit hours, and 18 or more credit hours.…
This study examines the nature and process of ninth grade students' conceptual change regarding their mental model of dissolution and diffusion as a result of instructions using the Dual Situated Learning Model (DSLM). The dual situated learning events of this model are designed according to the students' ontological viewpoint of the science…
Jiang, Chunlian; Hwang, Stephen; Cai, Jinfa
This study examined 361 Chinese and 345 Singaporean sixth-grade students' performance and problem-solving strategies for solving 14 problems about speed. By focusing on students from two distinct high-performing countries in East Asia, we provide a useful perspective on the differences that exist in the preparation and problem-solving…
Vadasy, Patricia F.; Sanders, Elizabeth A.
Many students have difficulty achieving reading fluency, and nearly half of fourth graders are not fluent readers in grade-level texts. Intensive and focused reading practice is recommended to help close the gap between students with poor fluency and their average reading peers. In this study, the "Quick Reads" fluency program was used as a…
Hanna, Shellie Lyne
Purpose, scope, and method of study. The purpose of this study was to determine if and to what degree a relationship existed between physical fitness and the academic achievement of ninth-grade public school students in Arkansas. A sample of 152 students from four different schools participated in the study. The dependent variable was academic…
Shumow, Lee; Schmidt, Jennifer A.
By high school, parent engagement is likely to differ not only by grade, but by subject. This study surveyed students enrolled in high school science classes and found that parents of freshmen (9th graders) are more involved at home, less involved at school, and equally involved in educational planning compared to parents of high school students…
Caldarella, Paul; Christensen, Lynnette; Kramer, Thomas J.; Kronmiller, Kalli
The promotion of social and emotional learning (SEL) in schools may help prevent emotional and behavioral problems of students. This study evaluated the effects of a SEL curriculum, "Strong Start," on the social-emotional competence of 26 second grade students, using a quasi-experimental, non-equivalent control group design. Results revealed…
Accordino, Denise B.; Accordino, Michael P.
In a pilot study, sixth grade students (N = 124) completed a questionnaire assessing students' experience with bullying and cyberbullying, demographic information, quality of parent-child relationship, and ways they have dealt with bullying/cyberbullying in the past. Two multiple regression analyses were conducted. The multiple regression analysis…
Webb, Angela Naomi; Rule, Audrey C.; Cavanaugh, Adrianna D.; Munson, Angel
Word play is an important skill allowing product names, show titles, jokes, poetry and other writings or orations to be interesting, entertaining and well-remembered. This pretest--posttest counterbalanced study compared two instructional approaches for teaching second and third grade students (n = 71) word play skills. Students at a public…
Environmental education is a growing area of concern in the elementary classroom. Two Master of Teaching students conducted a study investigating the effectiveness of an urban, classroom-based environmental education program with Grade five students in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The program focused on waste and consumption and the resulting environmental impacts. Activities included stories, games, reflection and discussion. Analysis from reflective
The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of acanthosis nigricans (AN) and to quantify its association with dysglycemia in an ethnically diverse group of eighth-grade students. Data were collected in 2003 from a cross-sectional study of students from 12 middle schools in three US stat...
Schon, Isabel; Hopkins, Kenneth D.
This packet of materials is for use by school librarians participating in a study of eighth-grade students' attitudes and the relationship of these attitudes to use of the school library. Included is a schedule of activities and an outline of procedures to be followed in the following activities: selection of students to attend six consecutive…
The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of concept cartoons on the students' perception of their levels of self-efficacy towards mathematics. The research has been designed as the pre-test post-test with quasi experimental control group. The research participants are composed of 94 7th grade students attending an elementary school…
Mounsey, Rebecca; Vandehey, Michael A.; Diekhoff, George M.
This study explored the differences between 110 working and non-working students in terms of mental health, academic achievement, and perceptions about student employment. Anxiety and depression were measured by the Beck Anxiety Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory-II. Academic achievement was measured by grade point average. Perceptions of…
Heng, Chua Kah; Karpudewan, Mageswary
This quantitative study reports the effects of gender and grade level on secondary students' attitude towards chemistry lessons. For this purpose, the Attitude towards Chemistry Lessons Scale (ATCLS) was administered to 446 secondary school students between 16-19 years old. The ATCLS consists of four different subscales: liking for chemistry…
Chudowsky, Naomi; Chudowsky, Victor
Over the past few decades, concerns have escalated about the quality of education in the U.S. for students in the middle grades. Children entering adolescence have unique educational, social, and emotional needs. How effectively the nation is educating these students has long been a topic of research and debate. This study by the Center on…
Deatline-Buchman, Andria; Jitendra, Asha K.
A within-subject pretest-posttest comparison design was used to explore the effectiveness of a planning and writing intervention in improving the argumentative writing performance of five fourth-grade students with learning disabilities. Students were taught to collaboratively plan and revise their essays and independently write their essays using…
In this paper, it is aimed to investigate the persistence of misconceptions in the topic of the human blood circulatory system among students in different grade levels. For this reason, after discussions with biology educators, two tests consisting of open-ended questions were developed by the researcher and administered to students in four…
Dahsah, Chanyah; Coll, Richard Kevin
The research reported in this case study explores the understanding of stoichiometry and related concepts of Thai science students in grades 10 and 11 after major national curriculum reforms. Students' conceptions and alternative conceptions were investigated using a questionnaire--the "Stoichiometry Concept Questionnaire" (SCQ) (N = 97), which…
Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Atwood, Ronald K.; Christopher, John E.
Fourth-grade students' knowledge of observable moon phases and patterns of change, as well as conceptual understanding of the cause of moon phases, was investigated before and after special instruction. Pretest and post-test data for 48 students were used to address the research question related to observable moon phases and patterns of change.…
Cornelius, Annette Sargent
The purpose of this quantitative study was to investigate the effectiveness of a system-wide Response to Intervention (RTI) program on the mathematical achievement of seventh and eighth grade students. The study consisted of five district schools with a total of 502 participants. The students were identified as belonging to one of two tiers, which…
Gibson, Sharan A.
This study describes intra-individual change in strategic behavior of five second-grade students during three months of guided writing instruction for informational text. Data sources included sequential coding of writing behavior from videotaped writing events and analytic assessment of writing products. Students' development of self-scaffolding…
Fagnant, Annick; Vlassis, Joëlle
While the value of "schematic representations" in problem solving requires no further demonstration, the way in which students should be taught how to construct these representations invariably gives rise to various debates. This study, conducted on 146 grade 4 students in Luxembourg, analyzes the effect of two types of "schematic…
Khasawneh, Amal A.
The present study is concerned with assessing Logo programming experiences among seventh grade students. A formal multiple-choice test and five performance tasks were used to collect data. The results provided that students' performance was better than the expected score by the probabilistic laws, and a very low correlation between their Logo…
Dahsah, Chanyah; Coll, Richard K.
Stoichiometry and related concepts are an important part of student learning in chemistry. In this interpretive-based inquiry, we investigated Thai Grade 10 and 11 students' conceptual understanding and ability to solve numerical problems for stoichiometry-related concepts. Ninety-seven participants completed a purpose-designed survey instrument…
This study offers important insights into the coexistence of multiple discourses and the link between these discourses and science understanding. It offers concrete examples of students’ movement between multiple discourses in sixth-grade science fair presentations, and shows how those multiple discourses in science practices illuminate students’ understanding of science and offer insights into how they engage in the complex thinking
Guven, Bulent; Cabakcor, Buket Ozum
It is known that there are many factors affecting students' problem-solving abilities. In this study, the influence of seventh-grade students' affective factors, their academic success, their gender and their families' educational levels on their problem-solving achievement was examined. To achieve this aim, a Problem-Solving Attitude Scale, a…
Research indicates that many adolescent students struggle with reading skills. Accordingly, this quantitative study attempted to address the problem of ninth-grade students entering high school deficient in literacy skills. The purpose of this non-experimental study was to investigate the effects a remedial reading program called Ramp-Up Literacy…
Shermis, Mark D.; Mzumara, Howard R.; Olson, Jennifer; Harrington, Susanmarie
Examined Project Essay Grade (PEG) software for evaluating Web-based student essays that serve as placement tests. In the first experiment, a sample of student essays was used to create a statistical model for the PEG software; the second experiment compared computer and human ratings of essays. Found that the software is an efficient means for…
This study evaluated the overall reading achievement of African American (n = 42) and White (n = 21) sixth grade students in an urban Midwestern school, after their teachers' engaged in culturally proficiency training provided by The Minnesota Humanities Center. Data for students in the study was collected for comprehension levels or acuity…
Choi, Aeran; Hand, Brian; Norton-Meier, Lori
This study examined the extent to which fifth-grade students participate in online argumentation and the argument patterns they produced about the inquiry-based investigations completed using the Science Writing Heuristic approach in their science classes. One hundred twenty-nine students from five classes of two teachers in a Midwestern public…
Friedl, John; Pittenger, David J.; Sherman, Michael
Research was undertaken to determine whether comparable grading standards are used in evaluating student performance at two-year community colleges and four-year universities. Examination of academic records of 417 students who took college level math at the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga in fall 2009 compared the performance of those who…
Carro, Dorothy J.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of increased phonemic awareness instruction on the writing ability of At Risk first graders. Twenty-three students from a suburban first grade classroom in Central New Jersey were involved in the study. Twelve at risk students were divided into two groups, each of which received one half hour of…
Fries, Ryan N.; Conklin, Jamie; Krim, Jessica S.; Smith, Deborah A.
The decision of higher education institutions to grade student performance with whole letters or with pluses and minuses has many factors. In particular, student and faculty opinions on this choice require further study. Faculty at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville (SIUE) recently investigated recent opinions by reviewing literature and…
This study offers important insights into the coexistence of multiple discourses and the link between these discourses and science understanding. It offers concrete examples of students' movement between multiple discourses in sixth-grade science fair presentations, and shows how those multiple discourses in science practices illuminate students'…
This paper focuses on fifth-grade students' use and preference for mathematically (MB) and practically based (PB) explanations within two mathematical contexts: parity and equivalent fractions. Preference was evaluated based on three parameters: the explanation (1) was convincing, (2) would be used by the student in class, and (3) was one that the…
To-im, Jongdee; Ruenwongsa, Pintip
Using mini-aquaria experiments, a learning unit on the effects of light period on aquatic ecosystems was developed for 7th grade students. This guided inquiry unit was aimed at helping students understand basic ecological principles involved in relationships among physical, chemical, and biological components in aquatic ecosystems. It involved…
Kyeonggi Province Board of Education, Suweon (Republic of Korea).
A summer science camp was held in Korea for 30 ninth grade students gifted in science. Students were divided into three groups (physics, chemistry, and biology) for activities which included problem solving, brainstorming, and experimental work. The experiments of the physics group addressed the use of solar energy, the chemistry group focused on…
Hochweber, Jan; Hosenfeld, Ingmar; Klieme, Eckhard
The present study examined the extent to which the relationships between student self-reported math grades and different types of student variables (standardized math test scores, interest and effort in math, parental education) are predicted by classroom composition and teachers' classroom management. Based on a representative sample of 31,038…
Yim, Jaehoon; Chong, Yeong Ok; Song, Sang Hun; Kwon, Seokil
This study explores the performance of two mathematically gifted Korean 7th-grade students in tasks involving local organization in geometry. The students understood the necessity of definitions and starting points in defining terms and organizing geometrical properties. They improved the clarity of their definitions and arranged the properties…
Anderson, Jean Marie
This study investigated the use of word games to teach beginning reading to first grade students. The study was designed with a three fold emphasis in respect to beginning reading students: (1) to develop criteria for word games, (2) to create seven word games according to these criteria (3) to investigate how these games might expand sight…
Amato, Janelle M.; Watkins, Marley W.
Curriculum-based measurement (CBM) is an alternative to traditional assessment techniques. Technical work has begun to identify CBM writing indices that are psychometrically sound for monitoring older students' writing proficiency. This study examined the predictive validity of CBM writing indices in a sample of 447 eighth-grade students.…
Bettis, Norman C.; Manson, Gary A.
The Michigan Elementary Geography Test (MEGT) was completed by 1,689 fifth-grade students in 64 classrooms from 20 school districts in Michigan. This article provides representative questions from MEGT and presents data regarding student performance on these questions. (Author/RM)
Hollimon, Deborah Neal
The purpose of this study was to examine whether there are changes in student motivation to read and reading comprehension when the instructional strategy of shared reading is used with sixth grade students. The quasi-experimental design for the study was based on the pretest-posttest nonequivalent control group design. The sample for the study…
Ismail, Noor Azina; Awang, Halimah
This paper examines differences in mathematics achievement among eighth-grade students using a secondary analysis of the data. The students, who are from Malaysia, had participated in the Trend International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 1999. A series of school, home, demographic and socio-economic variables were used to investigate the…
This study examined the degree to which teacher behaviors established as predictors of achievement generalize to Hispanic students. Participants included 995 students (68% Hispanic) across Grades 3 through 5 and their teachers (N = 46) in an urban school district in the Midwest. Classroom dynamics were measured using the Classroom Assessment…
Zydney, Janet Mannheimer
This pilot study investigated the effectiveness of a multimedia learning environment called "Pollution Solution" on eighth-grade students' ability to define a complex problem. Sixty students from four earth science classes taught by the same teacher in a New York City public school were included in the sample for this study. The classes were…
Baltimore County Board of Education, Towson, MD.
"The Changing World" program for the eighth grade consists of three phases: (1) The Surface of the Earth; (2) Changes in the Environment; and (3) Changes in Living Things. The teachers' manual and the student manual for phase one (The Surface of the Earth) are contained in this two volume set. The program is student-centered with an emphasis…
Akcay, Hakan; Yager, Robert E.; Iskander, Srini M.; Turgut, Halil
The study reports on an investigation of the impact of a Science-Technology-Society (STS) approach in promoting more positive student attitudes toward science that are recommended by current reform documents. A total of 609 students from grades six through nine were selected for a survey of attitudes in two class sections assigned as either…
Donato, Jeanne M.
This quantitative study investigated the effectiveness of a teacher-implemented intervention of eight sessions integrated into an existing curriculum to reduce test anxiety and improve academic performance in fourth grade students. The experimental group, n=23 was drawn from a sample of 64 students in a southwestern Rhode Island public school…
Alrfooh, Atif Eid
This study aims at exploring the problems of social growth experienced by students, and as recognized by teachers at "Bseera", Jordan. The study sample consisted of (88) male and female students from first-grade in the public schools in Bseera/governorate of Tafila/Jordan 2009/2010. The researcher has developed a questionnaire which…
Akrofi, Amma; Janisch, Carole; Button, Kathryn; Liu, Xiaoming
Reader response theory and research on book interest underpinned a study of the appeal of celebrity-authored children's storybooks to elementary school students. We engaged fifth-grade students in selecting and reading from a set of 41 celebrity-authored books and completing reader response forms. Utilizing the survey research design and a…
Morris, Linda L.
This report describes a program for increasing connections between curricula, and increasing consistency between classrooms in classroom management techniques in order to increase student self-esteem, reading level, and academic success. The targeted population consisted of 67 ninth-grade students in a growing middle class community in northern…
Pereno, Joan S.
This practicum addressed the problem of providing practical computer application experiences to fifth grade students as they relate to real life work situations. The primary goal was to have students become cognizant of computer functions within the work setting as contrasted with viewing computer activities as instruments used for games or…
Fritz, Megan Lynne
This ethnographic study investigated how first grade students used handheld computers to learn in collaboration with others throughout the learning process. This research focused specifically on how the use of handheld computers impacts students' learning outcomes and relates to technology standards. A qualitative methodology was used to capture…
Weih, Timothy G.
This thesis examined the reading comprehension process of three fifth-grade students who demonstrated the ability to read and write fluently but had difficulties remembering and understanding important information about what they read. The aim of this research was to develop and implement an effective teaching strategy for low-achieving students…
Sasmaz Ören, Fatma; Meriç, Gülçin
The aim of this study is to determine the efficiency of use of concept cartoons in elementary school 7th grade students Science and Technology course according to students' perceptions. In terms of this aim, the unit of "Force and Motion" has been taught by concept cartoons and at the end of this period, semi-structured interviews…
Ören, Fatma Sasmaz; Meriç, Gülçin
The aim of this study is to determine the efficiency of use of concept cartoons in elementary school 7th grade students Science and Technology course according to students' perceptions. In terms of this aim, the unit of "Force and Motion" has been taught by concept cartoons and at the end of this period, semi-structured interviews were…
Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Maczuga, Steve
We used population-based, longitudinal data to investigate the relation between mathematics instructional practices used by first-grade teachers in the United States and the mathematics achievement of their students. Factor analysis identified four types of instructional activities (i.e., teacher-directed, student-centered,…
V. KunhiMohamed, Balkeese Binti
This study explored learning and teaching of online classes. Examining the relationship between undergraduate students' participation and their final grades in five selected courses in an online learning environment and exploring differences between the demographics characteristics of age, race, and gender to students' participation…
Lind, Scott L.; Stewart, Robert A.
A study examined grades on speech assignments in a college public speaking course as a function of students' preferred learning strategies and expressed learning motives. Subjects, 112 undergraduate students enrolled in the basic public speaking course, had their levels of communication apprehension and motives for learning measured early in the…
Elish-Piper, Laurie; L'Allier, Susan K.
This study explored the relationship between literacy coaching and student reading achievement in grades K-1 in a school district that received a Reading First grant. The study analyzed how literacy coaches spent their time and explored the relationship between the amount and content of coaching and student reading achievement at the teacher level…
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of using web-based curricula on seventh grade students' achievement in mathematics in King Abdullah School in Irbid, Jordan. The researcher followed the equivalent pre/post T-test two group designs. To achieve the aim of the study, a pre/post-test was constructed to measure students'…
Pizza Please is a testing tool by which nutrition education can be evaluated in an appealing and fun way for second and third grade students. The game and situational questions are developmentally appropriate and interactive. Students are not only tested but also develop social skills by working in ...
AL-Edwan, Zaid Suleiman
This study aimed at identifying the Effectiveness of using Web Quest Strategy in acquiring the geographic concepts among eighth grade students in Jordan. The study individuals consisted of (119) students in the scholastic year 2013-2014. Four sections were randomly selected from two schools divided into experimental and control groups. They were…
Linder, Rozlyn T.
In the state of Georgia, African Americans represent 38% of the student population, yet they account for more than half of the grade level retentions each year (The Governor's Office of Student Achievement, 2009). The purpose of this study was to determine if relationships exist between the disproportionate retention rate of African American…
Huerta, Margarita; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Tong, Fuhui; Irby, Beverly J.
We present the development and validation of a science notebook rubric intended to measure the academic language and conceptual understanding of non-mainstream students, specifically fifth-grade male and female economically disadvantaged Hispanic English language learner (ELL) and African-American or Hispanic native English-speaking students. The…
Celik, Derya; Gunes, Gonul
The aim of the study was to determine and compare 7th, 8th, and 9th grades students' level of use and interpret the literal symbols. In addition, students' responses to questions that require use of different roles of literal symbol were examined to identify the errors. For this purpose, Chelsea Diagnostics Algebra test developed by The…
Clery, Sue; Topper, Amy
Using data from Achieving the Dream: Community College Count, this issue of Data Notes investigates the academic achievement patterns of students attending Achieving the Dream colleges. The data show that 21 percent of students at Achieving the Dream colleges had grade point averages (GPAs) of 3.50 or higher at the end of their first year. At…
Griffiths, Alan K.; Preston, Kirk R.
Identifies misconceptions related to the fundamental characteristics of atoms and molecules held by twelfth-grade students. Data were obtained by administration of semistructured interviews to a stratified, random sample of 30 students. Fifty-two misconceptions were observed and reported. Some of the misconceptions identified parallel the…
Verbic, Srdjan; Tomic, Boris; Kartal, Vesna
On-line trial testing for fourth-grade students was an exploratory study realized as a part of the project "Developing annual test of students' achievement in Nature & Society" realized by Institute for Education Quality and Evaluation. Main ideas of the study were to explore possibilities for on-line testing at national level in Serbia, and to…
Bauer, Heather; Burno, Carolyn; Millstone, Teresa
The purpose of this research project was to increase constructive behavior of intermediate grade students through the use of the response cost strategy. Approximately 70 students participated in this study. Three teacher researchers conducted the research in an elementary school and two middle schools in different counties near a major mid-western…
Swearingen, Dixie K.
This experimental study examined the effect of an educational massive multiplayer online game (MMOG) on achievement on a standards-based mathematics exam. It also examined the interaction of student characteristics (gender and socioeconomic status) with digital game play on mathematics achievement. Two hundred eighty ninth grade students from a…
Taboada Barber, Ana; Buehl, Michelle M.
The authors extend previous work on students' perceptions of teachers' autonomy-enhancing and autonomy-suppressing behaviors in relation to students' engagement to a more situated context (i.e., two Grade 4 science instructional conditions instead of school in general) and a linguistically diverse population (i.e., Hispanic…
Leak, James Alexander
This dissertation examines the relationship between teacher educational background, teacher experience, and student achievement in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade. The first essay of this dissertation, "Effects of Teacher Degree Level, Coursework, and Certification on Student Achievement in Math and Reading in Kindergarten,"…
Culmo, Jill R.
The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of second grade students about reading, themselves as readers, their motivation to read, and their subsequent reading achievement. Allowing students time to read independently during the school day and providing various reading materials in the classroom are options that some school…
Caglayan, Gunhan; Olive, John
This study examines eighth grade students' use of a representational metaphor (cups and tiles) for writing and solving equations in one unknown. Within this study, we focused on the obstacles and difficulties that students experienced when using this metaphor, with particular emphasis on the operations that can be meaningfully represented through…
Connor, Carol McDonald; Kaya, Sibel; Luck, Melissa; Toste, Jessica R.; Canto, Angela; Rice, Diana; Tani, Novell; Underwood, Phyllis S.
This study describes a second-grade science curriculum designed to individualize student instruction (ISI-Science) so that students, regardless of initial science and literacy skills, gain science knowledge and reading skills. ISI-Science relies on the 5-E Learning Cycle as a framework and incorporates flexible, homogeneous, literacy skills-based…
The purpose of this practicum was to resolve conflict in a peaceful and constructive manner in the sixth-grade. Students participated in a conflict resolution and peer mediation program designed to enable friendships to grow and to reduce the number of violent acts within the school setting. Thirty students initially began in the program. During…
Keaney, Elizabeth Anderson
Despite reform efforts, the mathematics achievement of middle school students in America remains below expectations. Research supports the role of motivation in academic achievement and the possible merit of including student perspectives in reform. The purpose of this mixed methods study was to identify, understand, and report seventh grade…
Olson, Craig C.
This paper reports preliminary findings of a 3-year study examining the ability of qualitative and quantitative measures of the home environment variables (HEV's) to contribute to the prediction of third- through fifth-grade students' achievement and growth scores in reading and mathematics. Data were obtained for 198 parent/student pairs from…
Ayvazo, Shiri; Ward, Phillip
This investigation examined the effects of Classwide Peer Tutoring (CWPT), a variation of peer tutoring on the volleyball skills of four 6th grade middle school students purposefully selected from an intact class of 21 students. Participants were average to low skilled males and females. A single subject A-B-A-B withdrawal design was used to…
Artes, Joaquin; Rahona, Marta
In this article, the authors aim to identify the causal effect of the use of graded problem sets on academic performance of Spanish students. The identification strategy relies on an experiment in which the authors exploit variation arising from observing the performance of nearly 300 students taking the same class during the same semester and…
Johnson, Yvonne L.
The purpose of this study was to explore the academic achievement for students with learning disabilities in reading and how to determine if their rate of progress was different from non-disabled students in a sixth-grade language arts inclusion class. The data for this research was gathered from one school district with one middle school. The…
Lavy, Ilana; Zarfin, Orly
In this study we explored the effects of providing ninth-grade students with the chance to take part in decision making concerning the mathematics level they would be assigned to in high school. Decisions concerned their self-competence regarding their mathematical abilities, their learning goals and the class atmosphere. The students were taught…
Maskell, Bronwen; Shapiro, Deborah R.; Ridley, Christopher
The purpose was to examine the effect of Brain Gym on learning the overhand throw among 42 first grade students. Participants from two intact classes were randomly assigned to an experimental or control condition. Students were tested before and after a 5-week intervention using the object control subtest from the Test of Gross Motor Development-2…
Delzell, Judith K.; Leppla, David A.
Provides research findings concerning the musical instrument preferences of fourth grade students. Finds that, although gender associations with certain instruments have lessened, they remain noticeably present. Identifies drums, saxophone, and flute as the most popular instruments. Notes a moderate relationship between student perceptions of peer…
Ocean Sciences Meeting Provides Window into Science Profession for Eighth Grade Students Scott La an invitation from the Center for Microbial Oceanography: Research and Education to the Ocean Sciences Meeting. These resources allow students to give ocean ecology a fitting focus, which is rarely afforded in middle school
Trap-Porter, Jennifer; And Others
A study of the accuracy of letter strokes made on wide- and normal-spaced paper by students during the transition to cursive writing confirms the advantages of wide-spaced paper. Both second- and third-grade students made more accurate strokes on wide-spaced paper. (Authors/PP)
Karatas, Faik O.; Micklos, Amy; Bodner, George M.
This study investigated the views of the nature of engineering held by 6th-grade students to provide a baseline upon which activities or curriculum materials might be developed to introduce middle-school students to the work of engineers and the process of engineering design. A phenomenographic framework was used to guide the analysis of data…
Fidalgo, Raquel; Torrance, Mark; Garcia, Jesus-Nicasio
We compared 56 eighth-grade students who, 28 months previously, had received instruction in strategies for planning and revising their writing, with 21 students of similar academic ability from the same school who had not experienced the intervention. Both groups wrote an expository essay whilst logging their writing activities and completed…
Brophy, Jere; Alleman, Janet; O'Mahony, Carolyn
Individual interviews were conducted with 96 K-3 students, stratified according to grade level, achievement level, and gender. The students were asked to explain land-to-hand progressions involved in bringing several common foods to our tables, identify products derived from common farm animals, explain why a pound of cereal costs more than a…
Gavin, M. Katherine; Casa, Tutita M.; Adelson, Jill L.; Firmender, Janine M.
The primary goal of Project M[superscript 2] was to develop and field-test challenging geometry and measurement units for all K-2 students. This article reports on the achievement results for students in Grade 2 at 12 urban and suburban sites in 4 states using the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS) mathematics concepts subtest and an open-response…
South Carolina State Dept. of Health and Environmental Control, Columbia.
The goal of this curriculum is to teach children and their parents to think about their daily habits and to make environmentally responsible choices. The lessons and activities are divided by grade levels: K-1, 2-3, 4-5, and 6-8. Lessons in each grade level are designed to cover a range of student skills, subject areas, and environmental issues.…
Wilson, Janie H.
Psychological availability to students defines immediacy, a concept traditionally measured using ratings of instructor behaviors. However, students' perceptions of their professor's attitude toward them may serve as a more parsimonious measure of psychological availability. In fact, ratings of a professor's attitude toward students are positively…
Joye, Shauna W.; Wilson, Janie H.
Student evaluations provide rich information about teaching performance, but a number of factors beyond teacher effectiveness influence student evaluations. In this study we examined the effects of professor gender and perceived age on ratings of effectiveness and rapport as well as academic performance. We also asked students to rate professor…
Cannon, Jill S.; Lipscomb, Stephen
When a student fails to master academic material, educators face a range of choices--they can provide extra tutoring, place the student in summer school, or, as a last resort, hold the student back for a year. This last option--retention--often proves to be a difficult and contentious issue for both schools and parents. California currently lacks…
Yildirim, Kasim; Yildiz, Mustafa; Ates, Seyit; Rasinski, Timothy
The aim of this study was to examine fifth grade elementary school students' listening and reading comprehension levels with regard to text types. This study was conducted on 180 fifth grade elementary school students in Sincan-Ankara in the spring semester of the academic year 2008-2009. The comprehension test was administered to students. The…
Nesselroad, Elizabeth M.; Vargas, Julie S.
This study asked whether or not points which could add to a student's grade would reinforce studying in high school students. The study was conducted in a tenth grade biology class of 33 college bound, lower-class students. Four additional people were present in the class: two observers and two teacher aides to administer points. To accurately…
Beisser, Sally Rapp; Gillespie, Catherine Wilson; Thacker, Valerie Marsh
The purpose of this study was to explore the concept of play through the eyes of talented and gifted (TAG) fifth- and sixth-grade students. Three focus groups consisting of fifth- and sixth-grade TAG students were conducted in one urban, one suburban, and one rural school district in the Midwest. Students were asked to describe the value of play…
Jere-Folotiya, Jacqueline; Chansa-Kabali, Tamara; Munachaka, Jonathan C.; Sampa, Francis; Yalukanda, Christopher; Westerholm, Jari; Richardson, Ulla; Serpell, Robert; Lyytinen, Heikki
This intervention study was conducted to document conditions under which a computer based literacy game (GraphoGame™) could enhance literacy skills of first grade students in an African city. The participants were first grade students from Government schools (N = 573). These students were randomly sampled into control (N = 314) and various…
Douma, Jason Scott
The purpose of this phenomenological study was to investigate the perceptions that male at-risk sixth, seventh and eighth grade students' possess toward reading at a small rural public school district in Michigan. Male at-risk students was generally defined as students below grade level in reading based on their STAR reading assessment. Male…
Hampton, David D.; Lembke, Erica S.; Lee, Young-Sun; Pappas, Sandra; Chiong, Cynthia; Ginsburg, Herbert P.
The purpose of this study was to examine six early numeracy measures used to monitor the mathematics progress of kindergarten and first-grade students. Seventy-one kindergarten students and 75 first-grade students were administered the measures each week. Delayed-alternate form reliability was adequate for instructional decision making on some…
Smith, Joshua S.; Estudillo, Antonio G.; Kang, Hyunchang
Having a positive attitude about school, valuing school, and being intrinsically motivated is associated with higher grades, graduation, and college attendance. However, the literature reveals that these characteristics and attitudes are not uniform across race, class, and gender. The purpose of the current study was to examine racial differences…
on implementing inquiry-based activities and hands-on lessons that closely mirror the scientific method (i earth science middle school teacher and a geoscientist partner teacher co-planned and co-taught geoscience lessons, in a 6th grade classroom in a large, urban school district. We placed emphasis
The issue of who has the final say on academic standards (grading), academics or managers, has hitherto not arisen in Greece. Professors entitled to research, to teach and to inquire is a freedom expressed by the Greek Constitution. This article presents a contemporary view and raises concerns about the future and the longevity of academic freedom…
Romklao Artdej; Thasaneeya Ratanaroutai; Richard Kevin Coll; Tienthong Thongpanchang
This study involved the development of a two?tier diagnostic instrument to assess Thai high school students’ understanding of acid–base chemistry. The acid–base diagnostic test (ABDT) comprising 18 items was administered to 55 Grade 11 students in a science and mathematics programme during the second semester of the 2008 academic year. Analysis of students’ responses from this study followed the methodology
van Voorhis, Frances Landis
The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of interactive and non-interactive science homework assignments on family involvement in homework, homework completion and accuracy, student science achievement, and student and parent attitudes about science. Most previous research on homework has examined what parental involvement results naturally, without prompts or instruction from teachers. In contrast, this study experimentally examined the effects of teacher prompts to parents for involvement in their children's homework. Two hundred and fifty-three students from 10 classes of sixth and eighth grade students participated in the study that lasted 18 weeks of the school year. Six classes of students completed the TIPS (Teachers Involve Parents In Schoolwork) interactive homework assignments, and four classes completed the non-interactive assignments that contained the same content and questions as the TIPS assignments. TIPS students received instructions to involve a parent or other family partner in certain sections of the homework assignment. ATIPS students received the same assignment with no instruction to involve another person. Results indicated that TIPS students more often involved parents in their science homework assignments than ATIPS students. However, TIPS science students reported no more parental involvement in homework than ATIPS students in subjects not assigning interactive homework. Therefore, the TIPS instructions elicited more parental involvement in homework than the ATIPS assignments. TIPS students did not differ from ATIPS students in the percent of homework returned or accuracy. Students who rated the homework more positively and involved families regularly returned more homework assignments than students who did not do so. TIPS students did earn significantly higher science report card grades than ATIPS students after controlling for background variables, teacher effects, and percent of homework returned. Exploratory analyses of matched student and parent data suggest the importance of both student and parent data in research of interactive homework. The results of the study indicate the benefits of well-designed interactive homework for levels of family involvement, science attitudes, and science achievement.
Houtz, Lynne E.
This sequential methodologic elaboration study investigated differences between the middle school and the junior high instructional strategies and the effects on adolescent attitude toward science in school and science achievement. Subjects of the quantitative phase were 570 seventh- and eighth-grade students in one school in an urban school district in the midwest United States during a transition year from junior high to middle school. Germann's Attitude toward Science in School Assessment and the school district's Benchmark Exams were employed to measure student pre- and posttest attitude and achievement. Variations within grade level, gender, race, general ability, and socioeconomic group were evaluated. Results of split plots revealed no significant differences in science attitude between the experimental middle school group and the junior high control group at this phase. However, there was significant improvement in attitude in both seventh-grade populations, but no change in attitude in either eighth-grade population. No significant differences in attitude were found between males and females, Caucasian students and students of color, or students of different ability or socioeconomic groups. Significant increases in science achievement were revealed in the seventh-grade junior high control group, the eighth-grade middle school, and the eighth-grade junior high, but not in the seventh-grade middle school. No significant differences in achievement were found between males and females. Caucasians scored significantly higher in achievement than students of color. Average and high ability students scored significantly higher pretest to posttest, but low ability students did not. High ability students scored significantly higher than both average and low ability groups. There was significant improvement in science achievement for students in the sufficient socioeconomic status group, but not in the low socioeconomic status group. These results were discussed with the five science teachers, the principal, and a university consultant in the setting, who were the informants of the qualitative elaboration phase of the study. Ethnographic methods uncovered themes explaining differences and similarities within the two instructional strategies. Teachers' feelings and stages of concern were identified. The results are discussed in terms of effectively implementing changes in instructional strategies and assessing science achievement of early adolescents.Received: 28 July 1993; Revised: 12 August 1994;
Peterson, Raymond F.; Treagust, David F.
Describes a multiple choice, pencil and paper, diagnostic instrument used to measure student understanding of covalent bonding and structure concepts. Reports evidence of seven commonly held misconceptions. (MVL)
Su, Allan Yen-Lun
This study explores the impact of individual ability and favorable team member scores on student preference of team-based learning and grading methods, and examines the moderating effects of student perception of course importance on student preference of team-based learning and grading methods. The author also investigates the relationship…
This appendix accompanies "Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. A Large-Scale Study of Middle Grades Practices and Student Outcomes. Initial Research Report." This appendix contains the full bibliography of all research and policy documents consulted during the development of the ten research domains and three survey…
This research investigated the effects of a nutrition education program on dietary behavior and nutrition knowledge among elementary school-aged children participating in a Social Cognitive Theory-based nutrition education program. Participants included 1100 second-grade and third-grade students sel...
Swinehart, Alexis Fitzgerald
This study extended the research of Aiken (2006), which originally examined the reading motivation, attitudes, and habits for a cohort of 6th grade readers from an affluent suburban community. The purpose of this research was to investigate if the students' self-concepts as readers and values of reading have changed from their 6th grade year…
Powers, Alicia Raby; Struempler, Barbara J.; Guarino, Anthony; Parmer, Sondra M.
This research investigated the effects of a nutrition education program on dietary behavior and nutrition knowledge among elementary school-aged children participating in a Social Cognitive Theory-based nutrition education program. Participants included 1100 second-grade and third-grade students selected by convenience-type sampling from public…
This appendix accompanies "Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. A Large-Scale Study of Middle Grades Practices and Student Outcomes. Initial Research Report." This appendix focuses on the findings and domain comparisons of the study. This appendix contains the following: (1) Decision Rules; (2) Full Set of Subdomain…
Coleman, Karen J; Clark, Andrea Yoder; Shordon, Maggie; Ocana, Leticia L; Walker, Chris; Araujo, Rachel A; Oratowski-Coleman, Jesica; Philis-Tsimikas, Athena
The current study was designed to evaluate a unique adolescent peer type 2 diabetes mellitus (Type 2 DM) prevention training program for fifth grade children. Peer educators were 22 high school students who participated in the Elementary Institute of Science's Commission on Science that Matters, a year-long program promoting active participation in the health and environmental sciences. Peer education was delivered in the form of a two hour health fair. A knowledge survey was given to fifth grade students in the classroom before the health fair began and then again in the classroom after the health fair. Fifth grade students were able to correctly identify Type 1 DM (23 vs. 40%; P < .01), Type 2 DM (21 vs. 52%; P < .001), and the signs of diabetes (10 vs. 39%; P < .001) after the health fair. This approach could be inexpensively integrated into any community-based health promotion with children and adolescents. PMID:20496001
Thompson, R; Summers, S; Rampey-Dobbs, R; Mani, M M; Hiebert, J H; Schneider, S
New parents quickly discover that the greatest resource for child care at the least cost are teenage babysitters. These sitters assume the responsibility for burn prevention of young children. This study tested the effect of a burn prevention presentation on pre- and posttest scores of eighth-grade students (N = 119) from five sections of a science class. Students were between the ages of 12 and 14 years and 99 of them (83.2%) were babysitters. Multiple analysis of variance was calculated, and differences were seen between information regarding burns from hot bath water, cigarette lighters, and baby bottles that were heated in microwave ovens; however, the differences were not significant. This study concluded that eighth-grade students learned burn prevention before they entered the eighth grade but that there is a need to update these babysitters on burn prevention and new hazards such as cigarette lighters and microwave ovens. PMID:1429823
Cloninger, Dale O.; Hodgin, Robert
Reports a quasi-experimental study involving an objective test that was intentionally mis-scored on the copies of the exam returned to students. Results showed that not all perceived errors were reported and that the decision to report errors appeared dependent on whether reporting was to the benefit of the student. (Author/JDH)
Junco, R.; Heiberger, G.; Loken, E.
Despite the widespread use of social media by students and its increased use by instructors, very little empirical evidence is available concerning the impact of social media use on student learning and engagement. This paper describes our semester-long experimental study to determine if using Twitter--the microblogging and social networking…
Crone-Todd, Darlene E.; Eyre, Heidi L.; Hutchens, Scott A.; Jones, J. Reid; Pear, Joseph J.
Students enrolled in a senior-level psychology course used a computer-aided personalized system of instruction (CAPSI) to write tests, and give and receive feedback on their writing at a mastery level. Weekly measures of the number of unit tests requested, the number of unit tests cancelled, and informal student feedback all indicate that a change…
Instructional strategies in science that fail to identify students' initial understanding of scientific concepts may leave students' flawed ideas unchanged, thus affecting their ability to synthesize, differentiate, and connect to new information in science. The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the relationship between concept…
Crawford, Heather; Wiest, Lynda
A perpetual dilemma of schooling is how to help students develop skills needed for everyday life, including the work world. Quantitative literacy, also called numeracy, involves an ability to apply essential mathematics skills to authentic or near-authentic tasks. Carefully planned classroom activities can help students develop these important…
Esparza, Julie; Shumow, Lee; Schmidt, Jennifer A.
Through secondary analysis of data collected in middle school science classrooms, this study (a) compared gifted and regular students' beliefs about the malleability of intelligence in science; (b) investigated whether teaching gifted and talented middle-school students about malleability of the brain and study skills helped them to develop a…
Covey, Barbara L.
Intended to assist English teachers of junior high gifted students whose mental ability is in the top 2% of all students, the publication explores certain aspects of the California English curriculum and identifies possible directions in English instruction, in which approaches are based upon curricular developments emphasizing the process of…
Preston, Jane P.; Claypool, Tim R.
The purpose of this paper is to identify motivators that support educational success, as perceived by Aboriginal high school students enrolled in two urban Saskatchewan schools. Twelve semi-structured individual interviews revealed that students were motivated by a hospitable school culture, relevant learning opportunities, and positive personal…
Nebraska State Dept. of Education, Lincoln.
This booklet describes: 1) athletic facilities and equipment needed for badminton, 2) teaching objectives, 3) performance fundamentals, 4) drills that teach skills needed for playing badminton, and 5) lesson progression for high school students. There are also suggestions for working with students with below average eye-hand coordination. (CJ)
Kenney, Mary Kate
There is an increasing interest in the practice of teachers staying with a group of students for more than one year. This is referred to as looping in educational practice. The problem of constant uncertainty or change of a new teacher year to year, creates less academic time and student anxiety. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects…
Harrelson, Joseph Christopher
The problem of financial illiteracy at the high school level is becoming a growing pandemic in America. The current financial curriculum may not be preparing high school students against reported financial pitfalls. At the study site, high school students graduate without financial skills that may impact their future financial status. The purpose…
Miller, Susan P.; Kaffar, Bradley J.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using the concrete-representational-abstract (CRA) teaching sequence with integrated strategy instruction for developing addition with regrouping competence among students with learning difficulties in mathematics. A total of 16 lessons were provided to 24 students during a six-week…
Mann, Noel R.
In order to reduce the 35-40% dropout/failure rate in chemistry classes at the Perkinston Campus of Mississippi Gulf Coast Junior College, this study sought predictors which would provide early identification of students in need of special or additional help. Using regression analysis, data accumulated from the achievement records of students over…
This article explains how one teacher used iBooks Author, a free digital textbook creation tool that makes iBooks for iPads, in an upper elementary classroom to improve students' expository writing skills and understanding of science content. The classroom teacher taught students pre-requisite writing and technology skills for two weeks, and…
Martins, Pedro S.
There is great interest in understanding the potential of teacher incentives to improve student achievement. In fact, teacher incentives, either individual or collective, may improve student achievement if they succeed in aligning the public or social goals with the goals of the teacher. However, an approach in which reward is based on outputs can…
Pisarska, Agnieszka; Ostaszewski, Krzysztof
Aim: This study examined the prevalence of medicine use for headache, stomachache, difficulties in getting to sleep, nervousness, depression and lack of energy among 15- to 16-year-old students; the relationship between medicine use and students' health status; and the relationship between medicine and nicotine, illegal drug, and alcohol use.…
Kelly, Maurie Caitlin, Ed.; Kross, Andrea, Ed.
This book presents analyses that look at the many factors that can impact student success, such as technological capability, diversity, and information literacy. The importance of libraries' partnership with other members of the higher education community in working toward a common goal of student success is also examined. Further, the book gives…
Jennings, Kelly A.
The goal of this study was to assess students' abilities when measuring volume as well as providing a hands-on method for designing a water-filtration process. I studied the trends among gender, time, and ability to measure water in two different groups of fourth grade students. Fourth grade students from both higher income and lower income school districts visited a STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) Studio in order to participate in hands-on, problem-based learning. The students in this study attempted to solve the "Dirty Water Problem" by measuring 281ml of dirty water solution, and using household tools to filter and clean the dirty water. This study showed that 68% of students from a high-income socioeconomic bracket were able to measure a determined volume of water independently. Meanwhile, only 18% of students from a low-income socioeconomic bracket were able to complete the same task independently. In the low-income bracket, 78% of students required assistance measuring a volume of water, indicating that the majority of these students performed below grade level. Where time spent at the station was concerned, the difference between high-income and low-income socioeconomic brackets was insignificant. Key Words: STEM, measurement, volume, design, Dirty Water Problem, socioeconomic bracket.
Nebraska State Dept. of Education, Lincoln.
Designed for the archery novice, this booklet details teaching methods, safety precautions, skills, equipment, and facilities used for teaching high school students. Archery games, a list of instructional resources, and a bibliography follow the text. (CJ)
Lehman, Donald Clifford
Today's medical laboratories are dealing with cost containment health care policies and unfilled laboratory positions. Because there may be fewer experienced clinical laboratory scientists, students graduating from clinical laboratory science (CLS) programs are expected by their employers to perform accurately in entry-level positions with minimal training. Information in the CLS field is increasing at a dramatic rate, and instructors are expected to teach more content in the same amount of time with the same resources. With this increase in teaching obligations, instructors could use a tool to facilitate grading. The research question was, "Can computer-assisted assessment evaluate students in an accurate and time efficient way?" A computer program was developed to assess CLS students' ability to evaluate peripheral blood smears. Automated grading permits students to get results quicker and allows the laboratory instructor to devote less time to grading. This computer program could improve instruction by providing more time to students and instructors for other activities. To be valuable, the program should provide the same quality of grading as the instructor. These benefits must outweigh potential problems such as the time necessary to develop and maintain the program, monitoring of student progress by the instructor, and the financial cost of the computer software and hardware. In this study, surveys of students and an interview with the laboratory instructor were performed to provide a formative evaluation of the computer program. In addition, the grading accuracy of the computer program was examined. These results will be used to improve the program for use in future courses.
Portsmore, Merredith D.
This dissertation presents research that investigated how first grade students' ability to construct solutions and to plan through drawing for engineering design problems is related to their participation in a LEGO-based engineering curriculum with two variations on the instruction for planning. The quasi-experimental design engaged two first grade classrooms in an urban K-6 Science and Technology elementary school outside of Boston, MA in a set of activities that asked students to construct solutions to engineering design problems inspired by the story of Goldilocks and the Three Bears. The planning classroom was provided with instructions on how to plan and students were required to plan through drawing prior to constructing their solution to engineering design problems. Students in the spontaneous classroom were not given instruction in planning and were allowed immediate access to materials to construct their solution. Students' drawings and constructed artifacts for engineering design problems during pre and post assessments as well as during the classroom were collected. The analysis of the classroom data found that students were able to successfully construct solutions to engineering design problems with increasingly number of requirements. Pre and post comparisons of students' performance on problems with materials they had had extensive experience with (LEGO) and craft materials (non-LEGO) found that students only made gains in constructing solutions to engineering design problems with materials they had prior experience with. The planning intervention appeared to have no relationship with students' ability to construct solutions that addressed requirements that were clearly presented to the students. However, there may be a relationship with less obvious requirements regarding aesthetics (as measured by symmetry of the artifacts) and material selection. In general, the findings suggest that planning through drawing may help students preserve their ideas but that first grade students do not use drawings for planning in the same manner as adults do. Implications for engineering education for early elementary are also discussed.
Duffrin, Melani W.; Hovland, Jana; Carraway-Stage, Virginia; McLeod, Sara; Duffrin, Christopher; Phillips, Sharon; Rivera, David; Saum, Diana; Johanson, George; Graham, Annette; Lee, Tammy; Bosse, Michael; Berryman, Darlene
The Food, Math, and Science Teaching Enhancement Resource (FoodMASTER) Initiative is a compilation of programs aimed at using food as a tool to teach mathematics and science. In 2007–2008, a foods curriculum developed by professionals in nutrition and education was implemented in 10 3rd-grade classrooms in Appalachian Ohio; teachers in these classrooms implemented 45 hands-on foods activities that covered 10 food topics. Subjects included measurement; food safety; vegetables; fruits; milk and cheese; meat, poultry, and fish; eggs; fats; grains; and meal management. Students in four other classrooms served as the control group. Mainstream 3rd-grade students were targeted because of their receptiveness to the subject matter, science standards for upper elementary grades, and testing that the students would undergo in 4th grade. Teachers and students alike reported that the hands-on FoodMASTER curriculum experience was worthwhile and enjoyable. Our initial classroom observation indicated that the majority of students, girls and boys included, were very excited about the activities, became increasingly interested in the subject matter of food, and were able to conduct scientific observations. PMID:20975982
Duffrin, Melani W; Hovland, Jana; Carraway-Stage, Virginia; McLeod, Sara; Duffrin, Christopher; Phillips, Sharon; Rivera, David; Saum, Diana; Johanson, George; Graham, Annette; Lee, Tammy; Bosse, Michael; Berryman, Darlene
The Food, Math, and Science Teaching Enhancement Resource (FoodMASTER) Initiative is a compilation of programs aimed at using food as a tool to teach mathematics and science. In 2007-2008, a foods curriculum developed by professionals in nutrition and education was implemented in 10 3(rd)-grade classrooms in Appalachian Ohio; teachers in these classrooms implemented 45 hands-on foods activities that covered 10 food topics. Subjects included measurement; food safety; vegetables; fruits; milk and cheese; meat, poultry, and fish; eggs; fats; grains; and meal management. Students in four other classrooms served as the control group. Mainstream 3(rd)-grade students were targeted because of their receptiveness to the subject matter, science standards for upper elementary grades, and testing that the students would undergo in 4(th) grade. Teachers and students alike reported that the hands-on FoodMASTER curriculum experience was worthwhile and enjoyable. Our initial classroom observation indicated that the majority of students, girls and boys included, were very excited about the activities, became increasingly interested in the subject matter of food, and were able to conduct scientific observations. PMID:20975982
Harmon, Sally Baden
The purposes of this case study were to describe how a learning contract was implemented for a seventh-grade life science class and to discover its effects on the learning experiences of the students. A learning contract was a written agreement between the student and the teacher in which the student agreed to complete a variety of assignments for a particular grade. Learning contracts were issued to the students for three grading periods of six weeks. A total of 137 students participated in the case study, which began in September 1997 and culminated at the end of the third grading period in January 1998. The data were collected from three groups: (a) 137 seventh-grade life science students, (b) 48 parents, and (c) the classroom teacher-researcher. In order to guide the collection and analysis of data, twenty-four questions were developed. These questions were then compiled into two surveys. Responses from the student survey indicated that students: (a) signed up for an A more than any other grade, (b) liked working in teams, (c) found it easy to find assignments, (d) set goals to earn high grades, and (e) felt good about their science grades. For the first grading period, eighty-nine percent of parents surveyed responded that they were aware of their children's learning contract grade, and sixty-two percent of the parents surveyed responded that they were satisfied with their children's academic performance using the learning contract. Taped interviews were conducted with former seventh-grade students and the teacher-researcher. In the taped interviews, students told of their positive learning experiences. The teacher-researcher kept a daily journal and used its contents as data. As a result of this case study, the students and the teacher-researcher supported the continued use of the learning contract for the next school year.
Arkwright, Ashlie Beals
This mixed methods status study examined 32 fourth grade students' conceptual understandings of energy flow through ecosystems prior to instruction and 40 eighth grade students' conceptual understandings of the same topic after five years of daily standards-based instruction in science. Specific ecological concepts assessed related to: 1) roles of organisms; 2) the sun as the original energy source for most ecosystems; and 3) interdependency of organisms. Fourth and eighth grade students were assessed using the same three-tiered forced-choice instrument, with accompanying tasks for students to defend their forced-choice selections and rate their level of confidence in making the selections. The instrument was developed for the study by a team of researchers and was based on similar tasks presented in the research literature. Distractor options were embedded in each assessment task using common non-scientific ideas also reported in the research literature. Cronbach's alpha values at or greater than .992 for each task indicated interrater consistency of task answers, and Rasch analysis was employed to establish the reliability of the instrument. Qualitative and quantitative analyses were employed to assess the data. Constant comparative methods were employed to analyze students' written responses, which were coded and grouped into emerging themes. These themes were further developed to characterize students' conceptual understandings. Student open responses also were scored and coded by a team of researchers using a rubric to identify level of scientific understanding. Quantitative analyses included Rasch analysis used to normalize survey data. Independent samples t-tests were then employed to compare students' forced-choice responses to their written responses and to the confidence ratings, as well as to compare fourth and eighth grade students' responses. Findings indicated that eighth grade students generally outperformed the fourth grade on both the forced-choice and written responses, but both groups demonstrated conceptual difficulties in all three topics assessed. Thus, results from the current study support the assertion that students' understanding of concepts related to energy flow in ecosystems is not at the expected level according to national science education standards and frameworks. Conceptual difficulties identified in the study are discussed along with implications and curricular recommendations.
Slaughter, Steven Darryll
and Aldine Independent School Districts. Students in this study were of the predominant ethnicities at the schools: Black, Hispanic, and White. Utilizing this sample size allowed the study results to be generalized as trend data for all third grade students...
Gibbs, Virginia G., Ed.
Self-contained activities that will help social studies or Spanish foreign language students in grades 6-8 learn about the history and culture of Latin America are provided. Following an introductory unit, the activities, ranging from easy to complex, are organized by the following countries and areas: Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean,…
Written by authors who have vast experience in communicating science to general audiences, Physics Matters conveys the principles of physics in a manner that is understandable to non-majors. In a prose style that is clear, engaging, and contemporary, it pays particular attention to the relevance of physics in comprehending our modern technological society and the issues created by those technologies. It offers a broad, relatively non-mathematical, and highly readable survey of all the standard topics in physics. Before you buy, make sure you are getting the best value and all the learning tools you'll need to succeed in your course. If your professor requires eGrade Plus, you can purchase it now at no additional cost! With this special eGrade Plus package you get the new text--no highlighting, no missing pages, no food stains--an activity book with class activities, self study and homework assignments, as well as a registration code to eGrade Plus, a suite of effective learning tools to help you get a better grade. eGrade Plus gives you: A complete online version of the textbook Video experiments Student web projects Self assessment tests Homework questions with links to the relevant section of the online book eGrade Plus is a powerful online tool that provides students with an integrated suite of teaching and learning resources and an online version of the text in one easy-to-use website.
Willson, Victor L.; Hughes, Jan N.
A sample of 283 Hispanic children with literacy performance at entrance to first grade below the median for their school district was studied as part of a larger research project on the predictors of grade retention in grade 1. Following retention decisions, 51 Hispanic students were retained in first grade. Low literacy skills, being young at entrance to first grade, low ego resilience, low support in the teacher–student relationship, and parents’ low sense of responsibility for their children’s educational outcomes predicted retention decisions. Hierarchical logistics regression investigated the contribution of six categories of variables (academic competencies; socio-demographic characteristics; social, emotional, and behavioral adjustment; resiliency, school context; and home environment) to retention. Controlling for literacy, only being young for grade and parents’ low sense of responsibility for their children’s adjustment to school made a direct contribution to retention. Early literacy skills were higher for children enrolled in bilingual classrooms than for children in non-bilingual classrooms. Implications for educational policy are discussed. PMID:20419036
PHILLIPI, WOODROW L.; AND OTHERS
A TENTATIVE OUTLINE OF A 1963 PROGRAM IN THE HUMANITIES FOR ACADEMICALLY TALENTED SEVENTH-AND EIGHTH-GRADE CHILDREN TO BE HELD FOR 1 1/2 HOURS EACH SATURDAY MORNING THROUGHOUT THE SCHOOL YEAR IS PRESENTED. ONLY THE TOP ONE PERCENT OF THE STUDENTS OF THE NINE PARTICIPATING SCHOOL DISTRICTS ARE ELIGIBLE TO PARTICIPATE. PARTICIPANTS ARE TO BE…
Davidovitch, Nitza; Soen, Dan
The present study sought to examine the justification of faculty claims regarding bias in students' assessments of faculty performance that stem from external factors which do not include the quality of their teaching. Specifically, we sought to examine the hypothesis that there is a correlation between lecturer ranking and grades given by…
Koep, Tyler H; Huskins, W Charles; Clemens, Christal; Jenkins, Sarah; Pierret, Chris; Ekker, Stephen C; Enders, Felicity T
Despite the fact infectious diseases can spread readily in grade schools, few studies have explored prevention in this setting. Additionally, we lack valid tools for students to self-report knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. As part of an ongoing study of a curriculum intervention to promote healthy behaviors, we developed and evaluated age-appropriate surveys to determine students' understanding of influenza prevention. Surveys were adapted from adolescent and adult influenza surveys and administered to students in grades 2-5 (ages 7-11) at two Rochester public schools. We assessed student understanding by analyzing percent repeatability of 20 survey questions and compared percent "don't know" (DK) responses across grades, gender, and race. Questions thought to be ambiguous after early survey administration were investigated in student focus groups, modified as appropriate, and reassessed. The response rate across all surveys was >87%. Survey questions were well understood; 16 of 20 questions demonstrated strong pre/post repeatability (>70%). Only 1 question showed an increase in DK response for higher grades (p < .0001). Statistical analysis and qualitative feedback led to modification of 3 survey questions and improved measures of understanding in the final survey administration. Grade-school students' knowledge, attitudes and behavior toward influenza prevention can be assessed using surveys. Quantitative and qualitative analysis may be used to assess participant understanding and refine survey development for pediatric survey instruments. These methods may be used to assess the repeatability and validity of surveys to assess the impact of health education interventions in young children. PMID:24859735
Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Maczuga, Steve
We used population-based, longitudinal data to investigate the relation between mathematics instructional practices used by 1st grade teachers in the U.S. and the mathematics achievement of their students. Factor analysis identified four types of instructional activities (i.e., teacher-directed, student-centered, manipulatives/calculators, movement/music) and eight types of specific skills taught (e.g., adding two-digit numbers). First-grade students were then classified into five groups on the basis of their fall and/or spring of kindergarten mathematics achievement—three groups with mathematics difficulties (MD) and two without MD. Regression analysis indicated that a higher percentage of MD students in 1st grade classrooms was associated with greater use by teachers of manipulatives/calculators and movement/music to teach mathematics. Yet follow-up analysis for each of the MD and non-MD groups indicated that only teacher-directed instruction was significantly associated with the achievement of students with MD (covariate-adjusted ESs = .05–.07). The largest predicted effect for a specific instructional practice was for routine practice and drill. In contrast, for both groups of non-MD students, teacher-directed and student-centered instruction had approximately equal, statistically significant positive predicted effects (covariate-adjusted ESs = .03–.04). First-grade teachers in the U.S. may need to increase their use of teacher-directed instruction if they are to raise the mathematics achievement of students with MD. PMID:26180268
Brady Michael Jack; Chia-Ju Liu; Houn-Lin Chiu; Chun-Yen Tsai
The present study investigated whether gender differences were present on the confidence judgments made by 8th grade Taiwanese\\u000a students on the accuracy of their responses to acid–base test items. A total of 147 (76 male, 71 female) students provided item-specific confidence judgments during a test of their knowledge of acids and bases. Using\\u000a the correctness of the answer responses, a
Merging to e-mail is a process which can be used to help the instructor communicate with students. Two possible ways this process can be used in education are: to update students on their grades and to conduct research. This paper first discusses reasons for using e-mail in education and then goes on to describe how to create a merge to e-mail…
Garcia, Norma Garza
Read-alouds can be very useful in the classroom to assist students in gaining knowledge and improving reading skills. Educational research documents that there is a link between reading aloud to children and successful ...
The purpose of this study was to investigate fourth-grade students' extrinsic motivators for joining and continuing in a school instrumental music program. Three research questions were investigated: (a) What extrinsic motivators have influenced fourth-grade students' initial interest and continuing participation in an instrumental music…
Akbas, Yavuz; Gencturk, Ebru
The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of teaching based on conceptual change overcome misconceptions of 9th grade high school students about the subject of air pressure. The sampling of the study was formed with two classes of 9th grade students from a general high school in the city-center of Trabzon. A quasi-experimental…
Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Reungtragul, Auyporn
The purposes of this study were to identify learning styles of ninth-grade students, to identify teaching styles of four subject teachers, and to compare four academic achievements between different matching conditions of students' learning styles and teachers' teaching styles. The research participants comprised of 3,382 ninth-grade…
A mixed-method embedded research design was employed to investigate the effectiveness of the integration of technology for second-grade students' vocabulary development and learning. Two second-grade classes with a total of 40 students (21 boys and 19 girls) were randomly selected to participate in this study for the course of a semester. One…
Hollinger, Jamie L.
The purpose of this correlational study was twofold: to examine the relationship of students' reading performance on six different diagnostic reading assessments and the third grade Ohio Reading Achievement Test; and to assist educators in choosing the diagnostic assessments that best identify students at risk of failing the third grade Ohio…