Note: This page contains sample records for the topic students grades 6-8 from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Elementary School Student Burnout Scale for Grades 6-8: A Study of Validity and Reliability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study is to develop an "Elementary School Student Burnout Scale for Grades 6-8". The study group included 691 students out of 10 schools in Eskisehir. Both Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis were conducted on the data (Burnout stem from school activities, burnout stem from family, feeling of…

Aypay, Ayse

2011-01-01

2

Statistics and probability. Grades 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This MathPARTNERS unit contains seven lessons with hands-on learning activities for exploring statistics and probability with students in grades 6-8. The lessons, designed for mentoring situations, may also be helpful for teachers and parents. Each lesson with reproducible student materials, features an overview of the mathematics, preparation guidelines, teaching tips, and suggestions for how to use each activity to develop specific mathematics concepts. Statistics activities focus on posing questions, data gathering, identifying bias, understanding measures of central tendency, representing data with graphs, and interpreting data. Probability activities introduce fairness in games and the computation of probability. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Center, Education D.

2003-01-01

3

Tessellations (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This applet can be used to investigate what a tessellation is and what it means to tile a plane. Students can create patterns that entirely cover the workspace by selecting, placing, and rotating multiple copies of one or two of the five regular polygons. A regular polygon is a polygon that is both equilateral and equiangular, and it can be in the shape of a triangle, square, hexagon, octagon, and dodecagon. Students can form a regular tessellation with multiple copies of one polygon or a semi regular tessellation using multiple copies of two polygons. Eight colors are available to add interest when creating designs. The applet also has a zoom feature. Instructions for using the applet, along with a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Standard for Geometry are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

4

Tight weave : geometry (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative demonstrates the first five stages of a Sierpinski Carpet-like fractal. At each stage the middle one-ninth of each square purple area is transformed to gold, resulting in progressively smaller self-similar patterns of gold and purple. There is a function that reports the percentage of gold at any stage of iteration, even beyond what can be shown with the manipulative. Repeated use of the percentage reporting key can lead into a discussion of limit. Instructions for using the manipulative, discussion and explorations ideas, and a link to the NCTM standard for geometry grades 6-8 are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2005-01-01

5

Statistics and probability. Grades 6-8 assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This assessment material is designed to help the mentor determine what a grade 6-8 student understands about statistics and probability. The material contains a set of seven short assessment activities that require the use of paper and pens. Also found is an inventory for use by the student's classroom teacher and a mentor planning guide. Answers to assessment questions are correlated to specific activities available in the related instructional unit. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Center, Education D.

2003-01-01

6

Portable Sundial. Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this activity, students investigate the accuracy of sundials and the discrepancy that lies between "real time" and "clock time". The position of the sun is tracked over the course of a relatively short period of time as students make a shadow plot, a horizontal sundial, and a diptych sundial. This activity requires 90-minutes over several weeks…

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

7

Number puzzles (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative challenges students to solve number puzzles using one- and two-digit addition. Each puzzle requires students to arrange a given set of numbers on either a triangular or square grid so that sides or the rows, columns, and diagonals add up to a given number. Students are able to check their answers on the web site, which includes instructions for using the applet, a description of related activities, and information for parents and teachers. There is also a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Standard for Number and Operations. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

8

Congruence of triangles (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative enables the student to arrange sides and angles to construct and demonstrate the necessary and sufficient conditions for proving triangles congruent. The student drags line segments and angles to form triangles and can flip formed triangles as needed to show congruence. The student can select from options for constructing triangles given three sides (SSS), two sides and the included angle (SAS), and two angles and an included side (ASA). The applet also allows the student to experiment with the ambiguous case to find two triangles that are not congruent, given two sides and a non-included angle (SSA). Instructions for using the applet and a link to the NCTM standard for geometry are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

9

Number line bounce (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online number line game for summing numbers challenges the student to find a sequence of operations with four numbers that results in a given target number. The numbers are illustrated as bouncing balls on a number line. Each bounce can be in either a positive or negative direction. The student can use a guess-and-check approach to solving the problem or a more sophisticated strategy. After finding a correct sequence and reaching the target number on the number line, the student forms the number sentence that illustrates the sequence of operations used to arrive at the target number. Instructions for using the manipulative, a description of this summing activity, and a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standard for number and operations are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

10

Sieve of Eratosthenes (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative offers two modes for examining the patterns of multiples found on a grid displaying the numbers 2-200. In one mode, the student clicks a number on the grid, turning it red and removing all multiples of the number from the grid. This process can be repeated until only prime numbers remain. In the other mode, the student highlights one or two numbers, with multiples of the first turning red and the second blue. In both modes, number patterns and relationships can be observed. Instructions for use, student activities, and information about the applet for parents and teachers are included, along with a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Standard for Number and Operations. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

11

Wimpy Radar Antenna! Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this activity, students reinforce an antenna tower made from foam insulation so that it can withstand a 480 N-cm bending moment (torque) and a 280 N-cm twisting moment (torque) with minimal deflection. One class period is used to discuss the problem, run the initial bending and torsion tests, and graph the results. The second class is used for…

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

12

Fill and pour (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative presents two containers of specified volume. The goal is to fill and pour juice so that the target volume of juice is found in one of the two containers. The student can fill and pour juice between containers in any order to achieve the target volume. The computer keeps track of the amount of juice in each container. A congratulations message appears after solving the problem correctly. New problem and challenge options are available with the manipulative. In the challenge option, an impossible target number is given for specific size containers, and the student is asked to explain why the situation is impossible. Instructions for using the applet and parent/teacher suggestions for using equations to extend the applet are included, along with a link to the NCTM Standard for Measurement. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

13

Golden rectangle (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative can help students visualize the golden rectangle. It shows how a set of golden rectangles is generated by using the golden ratio (the ratio of the longer side to the shorter side of a golden rectangle) to create smaller golden rectangles within an initial rectangle. The size of the initial rectangle can be varied, and the center of the spiral generated by the applet can be seen. Instructions for using this online manipulative are included on the site, as is a link to the NCTM standard for geometry. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

14

Factor tree (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative challenges the learner to find the prime factors for a pair of numbers. The factors for each number are displayed in a tree diagram from which the student drags the factors to the appropriate areas of a Venn diagram. The Venn diagram offers a useful visual display showing unique factors and common factors for the original pair of numbers. Using the display, the learner must find the pair's least common multiple (LCM) and greatest common factor (GCF). Buttons allow users to check their answers and select new problems. Instructions for using the manipulative are included, along with information about factoring. The site also links to the NCTM standard for number and operations. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

15

Geoboard : coordinate (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative features an interactive grid where the student can mouse over points on the grid to display their coordinates and form shapes using virtual rubber bands. The online geoboard has a measure function that displays area and perimeter for shapes and, for single bands connected to two virtual pegs, distance and slope. Shapes may be colored as a way to sort or enhance them. The site features activities to explore slopes, construct reflections, and find an inscribed parallelogram. Also found on the site are instructions for using the manipulative, a brief lesson plan for using coordinates to locate shapes on a grid, and a link to the NCTM standard for geometry. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

16

The People of South Asia [Grades 6-8].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A resource book for grades 6-8 contains materials to enrich a unit on South Asia. Material is divided into 13 sections. Sections 1-4 outline the rationale, goals, and objectives of the unit. Emphasis is placed on providing background for the understanding of South Asian cultural groups in the United States. Ten objectives are listed, including…

Adams, George; And Others

17

Lessons for Algebraic Thinking. Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Algebra is one of the top priorities of mathematics instruction for the elementary and middle grades. This book is designed to help 6-8 teachers meet the challenge of making algebra an integral part of their mathematics instruction and realize both what to teach and how to teach central algebraic concepts. Classroom-tested lessons help teachers…

Lawrence, Ann; Hennessy, Charlie

18

Development and Validation of an Instrument to Measure Student Knowledge Gains for Chemical and Physical Change for Grades 6-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teachers tend to instruct topically, which requires the student to use multiple and interconnected concepts to succeed in each instructional unit. Therefore, it is beneficial to combine research on related concepts to form topic driven instruments to better assist teachers in assessing and instructing students. Chemical and physical change as a…

Christian, Brittany N.; Yezierski, Ellen J.

2012-01-01

19

National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics : all topics (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site contains descriptions and links to more than 60 virtual manipulatives, activities designed to function as concept tutorials. The virtual manipulatives, mostly in the form of Java applets, are designed to facilitate grades 6-8 mathematics learning. By encouraging active student exploration with computers, the virtual manipulatives can help students visualize mathematical relationships. They are organized into five categories based on the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Standards: number and operations; algebra; geometry; measurement; and data analysis and probability. For this 6-8 grade range, manipulatives focus on developing concepts with activities such as factoring numbers using a tree diagram, exploring functions with an interactive function machine, and working with the Platonic solids. Student activities and lesson plans accompany many of the virtual manipulatives, each of which is linked to an explanation of the relevant NCTM Standards. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

20

Tower Investigation and the Egg. Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Towers have been a part of developing society for centuries. In this activity, students investigate towers that serve a variety of purposes. Student groups build three types of towers, engineering them to hold an egg one foot high for 15 seconds. This activity requires a 60-minute time period for completion. (Author/SOE)|

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

21

The Squeeze is On. Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When asked to list some strong materials, people think of steel, concrete, and wood. In this activity, students learn about the force of compression and how it acts on structural components through a hands-on group problem. Using everyday products such as paper, toothpicks, and tape, students construct a structure that will support the weight of…

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

22

Design Your Own Rube Goldberg Machine. Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rube Goldberg is famous for his very complex machines that accomplish everyday tasks. In this activity, students design and build a Rube Goldberg machine that will accomplish a simple task in no less than 10 steps. This activity requires a 120-360 minute time period for completion. (Author/SOE)|

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

23

Guide to the Teaching of Reading in the Junior High School, Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|GRADES OR AGES: Grades 6-8. SUBJECT MATTER: Reading. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: The guide is divided into seven color-coded sections covering program organization, diagnosis, basic skills, advanced skills, reading taste, spelling, and material selection. It is mimeographed and spiral-bound with a paper cover. OBJECTIVES AND ACTIVITIES:…

McKee, Alma K., Ed.

24

Environmental Resource Guide: Air Quality. A Series of Classroom Activities for Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many different types of air quality can be studied in middle school science classes using available supplies. This grade 6-8 activity guide was developed to provide opportunities for children to learn about the issue of air quality. Sixteen hands-on activities integrate the issue into middle school science classes. A chart categorizes the…

Reed, Elizabeth W., Ed.

25

English Standards of Learning Enhanced Scope and Sequence for Grades 6-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "English Standards of Learning Enhanced Scope and Sequence" for grades 6-8 is a resource intended to help teachers align their classroom instruction with the content found in "English Standards of Learning for Virginia Public Schools," adopted by the Board of Education in November 2002. The Enhanced Scope and Sequence provides teachers with…

Stevens, Bruce B.

2004-01-01

26

Earthwatch: Designing Environmental Education into the Curriculum. Volume II, Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The environmental education activities package for grades 6-8 contains activities in the following curriculum areas: (1) social science; (2) science; (3) language arts; and (4) mathematics. The activities are divided into seven sections based on seven environmental topics: (1) ecosystems; (2) population; (3) energy and resources; (4) economics,…

Schaefer, Larry, Ed.; Hungerford, Nancy, Ed.

27

English Standards of Learning Enhanced Scope and Sequence for Grades 6-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "English Standards of Learning Enhanced Scope and Sequence" for grades 6-8 is a resource intended to help teachers align their classroom instruction with the content found in "English Standards of Learning for Virginia Public Schools," adopted by the Board of Education in November 2002. The Enhanced Scope and Sequence provides teachers with…

Stevens, Bruce B.

2004-01-01

28

Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class, Grades 6-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This new addition to Math Solutions "Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class series" offers a wealth of lessons and strategies for modifying grades 6-8 instruction. Section I presents an overview of teaching math to English learners: the research, the challenges, the linguistic demands of a math lesson, and specific strategies and…

Melanese, Kathy; Chung, Luz; Forbes, Cheryl

2011-01-01

29

Connecting the Dots: A Handbook Series for Teachers of English Language Arts, Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to grow into a 2-inch three-ring binder, this handbook is part of a series for teachers of grades 6-8 language arts. The handbook aims to clarify some points, to provide a framework for new teachers and to give veteran teachers some new ideas. Volume I contains activities to use in the classroom, and Volume II is "all about books." The…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Instructional Services.

30

Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8: Climate Change Curriculum Developed Through a Collaboration Between Scientists and Educators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today's youth have been tasked with the overwhelming job of addressing the world's climate future. The students who will become the scientists, policy makers, and citizens of tomorrow must gain a robust understanding of the causes and effects of climate change, as well as possible adaptation strategies. Currently, there are few high quality curricula available to teachers that address these topics in a developmentally appropriate manner. The NOAA-funded Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8 aims to address this gap by providing teachers with scientifically accurate climate change curriculum that hits on some of the most salient points in climate science, while simultaneously developing students' science process skills. The Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8 is developed through a collaboration between some of the nation's leading ocean and climate scientists and the Lawrence Hall of Science's highly qualified GEMS (Great Explorations in Math & Science) curriculum development team. Scientists are active partners throughout the whole development process, from initial brainstorming of key concepts and creating the conceptual storyline for the curriculum to final review of the content and activities. As with all GEMS Sequences, the Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8 is designed to provide significant scientific and educational depth, systematic assessments and informational readings, and incorporate new learning technologies. The goal is to focus strategically and effectively on the core concepts within ocean and climate sciences that students need to understand. This curriculum is designed in accordance with the latest research from the learning sciences, and provides numerous opportunities for students to develop inquiry skills and abilities as they learn about the practice of science through hands-on activities. The Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8 addresses in depth a significant number of national, state, and district standards and benchmarks. It aligns with the Ocean Literacy and Climate Literacy Frameworks, as well as multiple core ideas in the new National Academy of Sciences Framework for K-12 Science Education. In brief, the curriculum comprises 33 45-minute sessions organized into three thematic units that are each driven by an exploratory question: Unit 1 (11 sessions)-How do the ocean and atmosphere interact?; Unit 2 (8 sessions)-How does carbon flow through the ocean, land, and atmosphere?; and Unit 3 (12 sessions)-What are the causes and effects of climate change? The curriculum deliberately explores the ocean and climate as global systems, and challenges students to use scientific evidence to make explanations about climate change. The Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8 is currently being classroom tested by teachers across the United States in a wide variety of classroom settings. Evaluation is also being undertaken to determine the efficacy of the sequence in addressing the curriculum's learning goals.

Weiss, E.; Skene, J.; Tran, L.

2011-12-01

31

An Introduction to Loads Acting on Structures. Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this activity, students conduct several simple lab activities to learn about the five fundamental load types that can act on structures: tension, compression, shear, bending, and torsion. In Part One, students play the role of molecules in a beam subject to various loading schemes. In Part Two, students break foam insulation blocks by applying…

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

32

Navigating through Number and Operations in Grades 6-8 [with CD-ROM]. Navigations Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Middle school students consolidate their understanding of integers and rational numbers, increasing their facility with fractions, decimals, and percents and encountering proportionality. This book shows how students can explore these important ideas in such diverse activities as exchanging currency and using area models to develop algorithms for…

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 2006

2006-01-01

33

Environmental Education, Values for the Future: Energy. Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet on energy is one of a series in environmental education for grades K-12. The activities contained within address the effect of culture in determining energy needs, energy loss, and forms of energy. Four basic concepts are listed, along with behavioral objectives, subject areas, key words, and definitions for each. The three activity…

Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield.

34

Environmental Education, Values for the Future: Energy. Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet on energy is one of a series in environmental education for grades K-12. The activities contained within address the effect of culture in determining energy needs, energy loss, and forms of energy. Four basic concepts are listed, along with behavioral objectives, subject areas, key words, and definitions for each. The three activity…

Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield.

35

Stick or switch : data analysis and probability (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students can play an interactive version of the game Let's Make a Deal. Players are given a choice of three doors--one of which hides a good prize, while the other two hide loser prizes. They select, but do not see, one door. Host Monty Hall reveals a prize behind one of the remaining doors. Players can either stick with the originally selected door and prize or switch to the other door. The cumulative percentages generated by sticking or switching after playing multiple games is displayed. One button labeled Strategy leads to questions that discuss the probability of winning with each strategy. A Multiple Game option generates outcome data based on playing a large number of games. Instructions for using the game and a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standard for data analysis and probability are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

36

The Effects of Small K-8 Centers Compared to Large 6-8 Schools on Student Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|K-8 centers combine grades in one location or school that are usually assigned to a separate elementary (K-5) and middle school (6-8). In 1998 the School Board of Miami-Dade County, Florida, approved a pilot program to introduce to the district the concept of K-8 centers. Miami-Dade County Public Schools (MDCPS) initiated two K-8 centers during…

Abella, Rodolfo

2005-01-01

37

The Cliffs of Time. Cliffs of the Neuse State Park. An Environmental Education Learning Experience, Designed for Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity packet provides educators with a series of hands-on interdisciplinary classroom and outdoor education activities for grades 6-8 that focus on geology and prehistoric life at Cliffs of the Neuse State Park, North Carolina. The packet was designed to meet established curriculum objectives of the North Carolina Department of Public…

O'Neal, Adrian

38

How Second-Grade Students Internalize Rules during Teacher-Student Transactions: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Vygotsky's theory of the internalization of signs provided the basis for this study. Aims: This study tried to analyse the processes by which second-grade students internalize school rules. Sample: Ethnographic data were collected on 102 lessons in a second-grade class (6-8 years) during 1 year. This study focused on three lessons…

Meard, Jacques; Bertone, Stefano; Flavier, Eric

2008-01-01

39

REACTIONS OF STUDENTS TO RECEIVING GRADES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|ATTITUDE CHANGES OF STUDENTS UPON RECEIVING GRADES WERE STUDIED. MEASURES WERE DEVELOPED TO DETERMINE THE STUDENTS' (1) ATTITUDES TOWARDS GRADES AND SCHOOL, (2) EXPECTANCIES FOR FUTURE GRADES, AND (3) ESTIMATIONS OF ABILITIES. A REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLE OF 7TH- THROUGH 12TH-GRADE STUDENTS (1,000) WAS SELECTED. A QUESTIONNAIRE WAS ADMINISTERED TO ALL…

COHEN, KAREN C.

40

Carolina Baywatch. Singletary Lake State Park: An Environmental Education Learning Experience Designed for Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Singletary Lake State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets curriculum objectives of the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are included:…

Sessoms, James D.

41

Sea Turtle Trek, Hammocks Beach State Park: An Environmental Education Learning Experience Designed for Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Hammocks Beach State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets the curriculum objectives of the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are…

Bland, Samuel S.

42

Sea Turtle Trek. Hammocks Beach State Park: An Environmental Education Learning Experience Designed for Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Hammocks Beach State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets curriculum objectives of the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are included:…

Bland, Samuel S.

43

Sea Turtle Trek, Hammocks Beach State Park: An Environmental Education Learning Experience Designed for Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Hammocks Beach State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets the curriculum objectives of the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are…

Bland, Samuel S.

44

The entomologist as a science partner and curriculum advisor: The Earth School model for grades 6--8  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Earth School model for creation of partnerships between university scientists and public schools began with a traditional research project involving the study of macroinvertebrate recolonization of agriculturally based restored wetlands. From fieldwork designed to address hypotheses of community composition over time, protocols and equipment evolved for application in middle-school classrooms. In addition to classroom teachers guiding their students in

Bethany Johnston Marshall

1999-01-01

45

Delaware Student Testing Program: Report of Student Questionnaire Survey, 2002 DSTP Administration for Grades 3, 5, 8, 10, and 11 in Reading, Writing, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the administration of the 2002 Delaware Student Testing Program (DSTP), a questionnaire was given to students in grades 3, 5, 8, and 10 about Opportunity to Learn, Reading, Writing, and Mathematics, and to all students in grades 4, 6, 8, and 11 about Opportunity to Learn, Science, and Social Studies. Students responses to the questions were…

Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover. Assessment and Accountability Branch.

46

Lunar Nautics: Designing a Mission to Live and Work on the Moon. An Educator's Guide for Grades 6-8. EG-2008-09-129-MSFC  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lunar Nautics is a hands-on curriculum targeted to youth in grades 6 to 8, that allows the students to design, test, analyze and manage a space mission from initial concept to project funding. Lunar Nautics provides opportunities for development of problem solving skills and critical thinking skills that are needed to design, organize and manage…

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 2007

2007-01-01

47

Do Low Grades Cause College Students to Give Up?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the present study the effects on subsequent grades of low, average, and high first exam grades were investigated for 192 students in a traditional grading system and fifty-four students in a pass-fail grading system. (Author)|

Thayer, Robert E.

1973-01-01

48

Grades and Student Evaluations of Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Revisits determinants of college student evaluations in a model allowing for the possibility that (expected) grades are simultaneously determined. Estimates evaluations using both ordinary least squares and two-stage least squares, finding that grades do affect a college instructor's evaluation. Results suggest that instructors can "buy" better…

Krautmann, Anthony C.; Sander, William

1999-01-01

49

Correlates of College Students' Attitudes toward Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study describes the development of the Attitude Toward Grades (ATG) survey instrument, a brief internally consistent measure of college student attitude toward grades and reports on selected behavioral correlates of that attitude. An initial item pool of approximately 50 attitude statements was created and the Thurstone equal appearing…

Bahn, Changhwan; And Others

50

Do Low Grades Cause College Students to Give up?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The thesis that low grades cause college students to give up receives some support from early psychological research and from current reinforcement theories. This study investigates the effects on subsequent grades of low, average, and high first-exam grades for 192 students in a traditional grading system and 52 students in a pass-fail grading

Thayer, Robert E.

51

Who's Reading and Why: Reading Habits of 1st Grade through Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The habit of reading develops over a period of time. This study explored reading habits across a wide range of students. An open-ended survey of reading habits involved 242 participants from grades 1, 4, 6, 8, 11, undergraduate non-education majors, undergraduate elementary majors, and graduate reading majors. As data were analyzed, themes…

Camp, Deanne

2007-01-01

52

Osteoporosis Risk Factors in Eighth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents findings from food frequency questionnaires and surveys of 138 Midwestern eighth-grade student-parent pairs. The study examined the incidence of modifiable and nonmodifiable osteoporosis risk factors and compared gender differences. Data analysis indicated that many adolescents possessed several modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors…

Lysen, Victoria C.; Walker, Robert

1997-01-01

53

Hubble Space Telescope Deep Field Lesson Package. Teacher's Guide, Grades 6-8. Amazing Space: Education On-Line from the Hubble Space Telescope.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This lesson guide accompanies the Hubble Deep Field set of 10 lithographs and introduces 4 astronomy lesson plans for middle school students. Lessons include: (1) "How Many Objects Are There?"; (2) "Classifying and Identifying"; (3) "Estimating Distances in Space"; and (4) "Review and Assessment." Appendices contain students sheets for other…

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.

54

Academic Achievement for Fifth-Grade Students in Elementary and Intermediate School Settings: Grade Span Configurations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Few researchers have addressed student achievement outcomes as a function of grade configurations for older elementary-aged students. Thus, this study was designed to determine differences between students' Grade 5 reading and mathematics achievement in elementary schools (K-5) as compared to intermediate schools (Grade 5, 5-6) for 5 academic…

Combs, Julie P.; Clark, David; Moore, George W.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Edmonson, Stacey L.; Slate, John R.

2011-01-01

55

Close Encounter With a Carolina Bay. Jones Lake State Park: An Environmental Education Learning Experience Designed for Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Jones Lake State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets curriculum objectives in the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are included:…

Helms, J. Christopher; Corbett, Robert J.

56

Close Encounter With a Carolina Bay. Jones Lake State Park: An Environmental Education Learning Experience Designed for Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Jones Lake State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets curriculum objectives in the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are included:…

Helms, J. Christopher; Corbett, Robert J.

57

Same work, lower grade? Student ethnicity and teachers' subjective assessments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research shows ethnic minority students to receive different grades when taught by majority teachers. This may happen either because of bias in teachers' grading, or because objective student performance is indeed altered. Using an experiment, I examine whether teachers grade minority and majority students differently for the same work. I find no evidence for this. However, teachers report lower

Reyn van Ewijk

2009-01-01

58

Student Perception of Academic Grading: Personality, Academic Orientation, and Effort  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Factors influencing student perceptions of academic grading were examined, with an emphasis on furthering understanding of the relevance of effort to students' conceptualization of grading. Students demonstrated a conceptualization of grading where effort should be weighted comparably to actual performance in importance to the composition of a…

Tippin, Gregory K.; Lafreniere, Kathryn D.; Page, Stewart

2012-01-01

59

The Real Reasons for Seasons--Sun-Earth Connections: Unraveling Misconceptions about the Earth and Sun. Grades 6-8. Teacher's Guide. LHS GEMS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide is aimed at helping students arrive at a clear understanding of seasons as they investigate the connections between the sun and the earth. Activities include: (1) "Name the Season"; (2) "Sun-Earth Survey"; (3) "Trip to the Sun"; (4) "What Shape is Earth's Orbit?"; (5) "Temperatures around the World"; (6) "Days and Nights around the…

Gould, Alan; Willard, Carolyn; Pompea, Stephen

60

The Real Reasons for Seasons--Sun-Earth Connections: Unraveling Misconceptions about the Earth and Sun. Grades 6-8. Teacher's Guide. LHS GEMS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is aimed at helping students arrive at a clear understanding of seasons as they investigate the connections between the sun and the earth. Activities include: (1) "Name the Season"; (2) "Sun-Earth Survey"; (3) "Trip to the Sun"; (4) "What Shape is Earth's Orbit?"; (5) "Temperatures around the World"; (6) "Days and Nights around the…

Gould, Alan; Willard, Carolyn; Pompea, Stephen

61

Black Students' Perceptions of Prejudice and Grade Deflection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study presented here was designed to further the understanding of black student performance in biracial, academic settings. The purpose of the research was to assess the association between black students' perceptions of prejudice among white instructors and grade deflection (discrepancy between grade expected and grade received) in the…

Thompson, Maxine S.; Michel, Jerry B.

62

Cognitive Dissonance or Revenge? Student Grades and Course Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|I tested 2 competing theories to explain the connection between students' expected grades and ratings of instructors: cognitive dissonance and revenge. Cognitive dissonance theory holds that students who expect poor grades rate instructors poorly to minimize ego threat whereas the revenge theory holds that students rate instructors poorly in an…

Maurer, Trent W.

2006-01-01

63

Teacher Effects on Minority and Disadvantaged Students' Grade 4 Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors examined the differential effects of teachers on female, minority, and low-socioeconomic status (SES) students' achievement in Grade 4. They used data from a randomized experiment (Project STAR) and its follow-up study (LBS). Student outcomes included Grade 4 SAT scores in mathematics, reading, and science and student demographics…

Konstantopoulos, Spyros; Chung, Vicki

2011-01-01

64

Seventh grade students' conceptions of global warming and climate change  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate seventh grade students' conceptions of global warming and climate change. The study was descriptive in nature and involved the collection of qualitative data from 91 seventh grade students from three different schools in the Midwest, USA. An open response and draw and explain assessment instrument was administered to students. These data were

Daniel P. Shepardson; Dev Niyogi; Soyoung Choi; Umarporn Charusombat

2009-01-01

65

Concept mapping and science achievement of middle-grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to examine the effects of concept mapping on science achievement of middle grade science students. Concept mapping is a graphic display of concepts and the relationships or links among them. A concept map represents the students' understanding of a body of knowledge. The subjects were one hundred eighty-two eighth grade students, distributed into eight intact earth

Donald Snead

2000-01-01

66

Concept Mapping and Science Achievement of Middle Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effects of concept mapping on the science achievement of middle grade science students. The subjects were 182 eighth-grade students, distributed into eight intact earth science classes by ability levels. The ability level variable also was examined as a possible effect on student achievement. Two teachers were involved in teaching a unit on weather for nine weeks.

Donald Snead; Wanda L. Snead

2004-01-01

67

Grading student clinical practice performance: the Australian perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educators have long considered assigning a grade in the assessment of student clinical practice performance as too variable, too subjective, or educationally inappropriate. Consequently, most undergraduate nurse education programs have maintained non-graded pass\\/fail criteria assessment for evaluating and reporting student clinical performance. This paper argues that, while the varied clinical environments do make assessing students’ clinical performance difficult, the reliability

Kate Andre

2000-01-01

68

Cross-Grade Comparison of Students’ Understanding of Energy Concepts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of this cross-grade study were (1) to determine the level of understanding of energy concepts of students at different\\u000a academic grades and the differences in understanding between these grades and (2) to analyse the conceptual development of\\u000a these students. Two hundred and forty-three students at 3 different levels (high school, undergraduate, and postgraduate)\\u000a participated in this study. The

Aysegul Saglam-Arslan

2010-01-01

69

Sixth Grade Students Who Use Alcohol  

PubMed Central

Young adolescent alcohol users drink at higher rates than their peers throughout adolescence and appear to be less amenable to intervention. This study compares those who reported alcohol use in the past year to those who reported no use in a multiethnic, urban sample of sixth graders in 61 schools in Chicago in 2002 (N = 4,150). Demographic, behavioral, intrapersonal, and socioenvironmental factors were identified based on behavioral theories and potential mediators of the Project Northland Chicago intervention. Single and multiple regression models were created for users and nonusers to determine associations between these factors and alcohol use behavior and intentions. The multiple regression models explained 35% and 56% of the variance in alcohol use behavior and intentions between students for nonusers and users, respectively. Results suggest that primary prevention programs for alcohol use should occur prior to sixth grade, particularly for the substantial group at high risk for early use.

Pasch, Keryn E.; Perry, Cheryl L.; Stigler, Melissa H.; Komro, Kelli A.

2008-01-01

70

Cob web plot (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With this applet, the learner defines initial conditions for graphing a fractal and observes the results. The screen opens to show a first-quadrant unit square with either triangle or parabolic curve with adjustable height and an initial point on the line y equals x. From the initial point, a cobweb plot, or Verhulst diagram, is traced as the point moves vertically until it hits the curve and then moves horizontally back to the line. This automated graphing process continues until paused by the learner, who will see how small changes in the variables can greatly affect the graph. Instructions for using the applet, background information about fractals and iterative functions, and teaching suggestions are included. There is also a link to the NCTM standard for geometry. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

71

Making the Grade: Understanding Learning and Grade Orientations of First-Year Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|First-year undergraduate students enter college with varying expectations, motivations, and goals and are being bombarded with messages about the importance of grades, sometimes to the detriment of learning. This descriptive, cross-sectional study employs LOGO II to describe the learning and grade orientations of first-year students and identify…

Purcell, Jennifer M.

2009-01-01

72

2, 4, 6, 8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This problem with multiple solutions offers an opportunity for students to practice simple addition and subtraction, work with number sentences (equations), and develop systematic work habits. Given cards containing the addition, subtraction and equal signs along with the digits 2, 4, 6, and 8. solvers are challenged to find as many ways as possible to arrange some or all seven cards to create true statements. The Teachers' Notes page offers suggestions for implementation, discussion questions, ideas for extension and support, printable cards (pdf) and a link to an interactive Flash applet.

2000-06-01

73

Investigating Urban Eighth-Grade Students' Knowledge of Energy Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated urban eighth-grade students' knowledge of energy resources and associated issues including energy acquisition, energy generation, storage and transport, and energy consumption and conservation. A 39 multiple-choice-item energy resources knowledge assessment was completed by 1043 eighth-grade students in urban schools in…

Bodzin, Alec

2012-01-01

74

Components of Students' Grade Expectations for Public Speaking Assignments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although previous research has linked students' expected grades to numerous pedagogical variables, this factor has been all but ignored by instructional communication scholars. In the present study, 315 undergraduates were presented with grading scenarios representing differing combinations of course rigor, teacher immediacy, and student

Larseingue, Matt; Sawyer, Chris R.; Finn, Amber N.

2012-01-01

75

Seventh Grade Students' Conceptions of Global Warming and Climate Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to investigate seventh grade students' conceptions of global warming and climate change. The study was descriptive in nature and involved the collection of qualitative data from 91 seventh grade students from three different schools in the Midwest, USA. An open response and draw and explain assessment instrument was…

Shepardson, Daniel P.; Niyogi, Dev; Choi, Soyoung; Charusombat, Umarporn

2009-01-01

76

Creating Sacred Places for Students in Grades 7&8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide attempts to help teachers of American Indian students in grades 7-8 provide a culturally relevant education that takes place in the regular classroom, includes content related to Indian students' lives, makes students proud, expands to other experiences, and enhances learning. Creating sacred places means responding appropriately to…

Fox, Sandra J.

77

Creating Sacred Places for Students in Grades 9-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide attempts to help teachers of American Indian students in grades 9-12 provide a culturally relevant education that takes place in the regular classroom, includes content related to Indian students' lives, makes students proud, expands to other experiences, and enhances learning. Creating sacred places means responding appropriately to…

Fox, Sandra J.

78

Minicourses for Deaf Students in the Intermediate Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A minicourse program with students from grades four through eight at the Oregon State School for the Deaf has been rewarding for teachers and students by serving to develop skills in immediate practical areas of the student's experience as well as in developing recreational skills and interests in such activities as chess, mime, and karate, and…

Anderson, Peter E.; Shepard, Charlotte H.

1977-01-01

79

Seventh Grade Students' Mental Models of the Greenhouse Effect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This constructivist study investigates 225 student drawings and explanations from three different schools in the midwest in the US, to identify seventh grade students' mental models of the greenhouse effect. Five distinct mental models were derived from an inductive analysis of the content of the students' drawings and explanations: Model 1, a…

Shepardson, Daniel P.; Choi, Soyoung; Niyogi, Dev; Charusombat, Umarporn

2011-01-01

80

Factors Influencing Career Aspirations of Primary and Secondary Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many studies have examined factors influencing the career aspirations of high school students, but little has been done to explore this issue with primary school students. This study investigated factors that might influence the career aspirations of children across a broad age spectrum. Students (N=150) from grades 2, 5, 8, and 12 completed…

Canale, Joseph R.; Dunlap, Linda L.

81

International Space Station: 6-8 Hands-on Science and Math Lesson Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These lesson plans, designed for grades 6-8, have been developed to provide a guide to hands-on experience in science and math. They focus on an International Space Station and are designed for use with students working in groups. The three lesson plans highlighting the importance of the scientific method are: (1) International Space Station…

Armstrong, Pat

82

Grading Student Clinical Practice Performance: The Australian Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although assessment of nursing students' clinical performance is difficult, objections to grading may be based on erroneous assumptions. A combination of criterion- and norm-referenced assessment can clarify minimum competency requirements and reward meritorious performance. (SK)|

Andre, Kate

2000-01-01

83

Grade Inflation and the Myth of Student Consumerism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The widespread acceptance of the phrase "grade inflation" poses a potentially damaging overstatement in reference to higher education. Grades are at an all-time high, but a review of the literature demonstrates that the improvement is not incongruous with a rise in faculty development programs and increased varieties of student support services.…

Boretz, Elizabeth

2004-01-01

84

Grade Retention and School Completion: Through Students' Eyes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There are numerous factors associated with not finishing high school. The purpose of this student was to shed new light on one of them, grade retention, as seen through the eyes of retained dropouts themselves. Respondents describe three interrelated phenomena that characterized their trajectory from being retained-in-grade to subsequent…

Penna, Albert A.; Tallerico, Marilyn

2005-01-01

85

Determinants of Grades in Maths for Students in Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the determinants of grades achieved in mathematics by rst-year students in Economics. We use individual administrative data from 1993 to 2005 to t an educational production function. Our main ndings suggest that good secondary school achievements and the type of school attended are signi cantly associated with maths grades. Ceteris paribus, females typically do better than males.

Lorenzo Cappellari; Claudio Lucifora; Dario Pozzoli

2009-01-01

86

Determinants of grades in maths for students in economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the determinants of grades achieved in maths by first?year students in economics. We use individual administrative data from 1993 to 2005 to fit an educational production function. Our main findings suggest that good secondary school achievements and the type of school attended are significantly associated with maths grades. Ceteris paribus, females typically do better than males. Since

Lorenzo Cappellari; Claudio Lucifora; Dario Pozzoli

2010-01-01

87

Investigating Urban Eighth-Grade Students’ Knowledge of Energy Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated urban eighth-grade students’ knowledge of energy resources and associated issues including energy acquisition, energy generation, storage and transport, and energy consumption and conservation. A 39 multiple-choice-item energy resources knowledge assessment was completed by 1043 eighth-grade students in urban schools in two cities in Pennsylvania, USA. Mean scores for the entire assessment measure indicated low conceptual energy knowledge

Alec Bodzin

2012-01-01

88

Comparison between teacher grading and student self-grading in different modules of agronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The adaptation of the Universities to European Higher Education Area (EHEA) involves changes in the learning system. Students must obtain specific capabilities in the different degrees or masters. For example, in the degree of Agronomy at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (Spain), they must command mathematics, English informatics or crop production. Moreover, students must attain personal skills such as leadership, team work, a critical spirit and a social, environmental and ethical commitment with the environment and the society. A way to evaluate the critical spirit of the students is to compare the grade obtained in a specific module with the grade that the students think he should get. The aim of this work is to evaluate the differences between teacher and student grading in different subjects related to soil science in different degrees and masters courses at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid.

Méndez, A.; Paz-Ferreiro, J.; Guerrero, F.; Gascó, J. M.; Saá, A.; Tarquis, A. M.; Gascó, G.

2012-04-01

89

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THE FIRST UNIT OF THE STUDENT PACKET FOR GRADE NINE OF THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM IS A STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIPS WHICH EXIST BETWEEN AUTHOR AND AUDIENCE, AND AN EXAMINATION OF THE EPIGRAM, LIMERICK, PARABLE, FABLE, AND ODE. WITH THIS BACKGROUND, STUDENTS CONSIDER "ON AVARICE" AND "ANIMAL FARM" AS EXAMPLES OF FORMAL AND MENIPPEAN SATIRE,…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

90

Math Manipulatives to Increase 4th Grade Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research project was completed with twenty-nine fourth grade students from Shawnee Elementary, a school in the Chippewa Valley School District. It began in April 2012 and the data collection was completed by June 2012. The purpose of this project was to see if utilizing math manipulatives in an elementary classroom will increase student

Couture, Katie

2012-01-01

91

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THE 11TH-GRADE COURSE OF STUDY IN AMERICAN LITERATURE PRESENTED IN THE STUDENT PACKET FOR THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM BEGINS WITH A UNIT ENTITLED "INDIVIDUALISM AND IDEALISM" IN WHICH STUDENTS ANALYZE SPIRITUAL AUTOBIOGRAPHIES BY EMERSON, THOREAU, WHITMAN, AND DICKINSON. NEXT, THE THEME OF SIN AND LONELINESS AS IT LIMITS INDIVIDUALISM IS…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

92

Fifth-Grade Bilingual Students and Precursors to "Subtractive Schooling."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study examined Spanish-speaking children's attitudes about being and staying bilingual. Classroom observations and interviews with 15 fifth-grade students, 12 parents, and 2 teachers at a Texas elementary school indicated that despite being in a supportive bilingual environment, students believed they would have to struggle to maintain their…

Worthy, Jo; Rodriguez-Galindo, Alejandra; Assaf, Lori Czop; Martinez, Leticia; Cuero, Kimberley

2003-01-01

93

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE FIRST UNIT OF THE STUDENT PACKET FOR GRADE NINE OF THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM IS A STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIPS WHICH EXIST BETWEEN AUTHOR AND AUDIENCE, AND AN EXAMINATION OF THE EPIGRAM, LIMERICK, PARABLE, FABLE, AND ODE. WITH THIS BACKGROUND, STUDENTS CONSIDER "ON AVARICE" AND "ANIMAL FARM" AS EXAMPLES OF FORMAL AND MENIPPEAN SATIRE,…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

94

Elementary and Middle Grade Students' Constructions of Typicality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study addresses the measures chosen by students when selecting or constructing indices to properties of distributions of data. A series of individual teaching experiments were conducted to provide insight into the development of five 4th to 8th grade students' conceptualizations of distribution over the course of 8 weeks of instruction.…

Leavy, Aisling M.; Middleton, James A.

2011-01-01

95

Alternative Futures for the Education of Students with Severe Disabilities. Proceedings of the Conference on Severe and Multiple Handicaps: Alternative Futures (Edmonton, Canada, May 6-8, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains 23 papers given at a 1987 Edmonton (Canada) conference. Papers have the following titles and authors: "Current Trends and Future Challenges in the Education of Students with Severe Handicaps" (Dick Sobsey); "How Often Do You Need to Collect Student Performance Data? A Study of the Effects of Frequency of Probe Data Collection…

Baine, David, Ed.; And Others

96

Perspective: Middle Grades Students and ADD  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The substantial increase in the number of students referred for possible attention deficit disorder can be attributed in part to the relatively young age at which students must meet the academic demands of middle school, according to psychologist Jerrold Pollak. He offers a solution for educators and members of the mental health community.

Pollak, Jerrold

2010-08-01

97

Data Modelling with First-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues for a renewed focus on statistical reasoning in the beginning school years, with opportunities for children to engage in data modelling. Results are reported from the first year of a 3-year longitudinal study in which three classes of first-grade children (6-year-olds) and their teachers engaged in data modelling activities. The…

English, Lyn D.

2012-01-01

98

Determinants of grades in maths for students in economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the determinants of grades achieved in maths by first-year students in economics. We use individual administrative data from 1993 to 2005 to fit an educational production function. Our main findings suggest that good secondary school achievements and the type of school attended are significantly associated with maths grades. Ceteris paribus<\\/italic>, females typically do better than males. Since

Lorenzo Cappellari; Claudio Lucifora; Dario Pozzoli

2011-01-01

99

The Effect of Scheduling Models for Introductory Algebra on 9th-Grade Students, Test Scores and Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of pacing and scheduling of algebra coursework on assigned 9th-grade students who traditionally would qualify for pre-algebra instruction and same course 9th-grade students who traditionally would qualify for standard algebra instruction. Students were selected based on completion of first-year…

O'Hanlon, Angela L.

2011-01-01

100

The Effect of Scheduling Models for Introductory Algebra on 9th-Grade Students, Test Scores and Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of pacing and scheduling of algebra coursework on assigned 9th-grade students who traditionally would qualify for pre-algebra instruction and same course 9th-grade students who traditionally would qualify for standard algebra instruction. Students were selected based on completion of first-year…

O'Hanlon, Angela L.

2011-01-01

101

Sixth Grade Student Self-Regulation in Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The positive relationship between self-regulation and student achievement has been repeatedly supported through research. Key considerations that have resulted from prior research include instructor feedback and explicit expectations, student perception of their control of their progress, accurate self-calibration, reflection, goal-setting, age, and methods by which a cycle which integrates all of these can be put in place. While research provides evidence for that fact that it is possible to support student success in several of these areas, many questions are left as to how guided, active self-regulation impacts students perception of their control over their performance, their ability to accurately assess and act upon their strengths and weaknesses, and, ultimately, their overall progress at different developmental stages. This study intended to provide a better understanding of how guidance in the self-regulation strategies of sixth grade science students can impact their attitudes toward learning. Specifically, this study investigated the question, "What is the effect of active reflection, graphing of grades, and goal setting on sixth-grade students' locus of control and ability to self-regulate?"

Reid, Lisa J.

102

Grading Students with Significant Disabilities in Inclusive Settings: Teacher Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study describes teacher (K-12) opinions and practices related to grading and providing modified instruction, assignments, and assessments for students with low-incidence disabilities in inclusive settings. One hundred and thirty nine teachers working in K-12 inclusive schools in Arizona and California completed an on-line survey…

Kurth, Jennifer; Gross, Megan; Lovinger, Stephanie; Catalano, Tammy

2012-01-01

103

Seventh Grade Students and the Visual Messages They Love  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most seventh grade students partially define themselves through everyday media messages. As a part of understanding how these images and the media impacts their lives, the author collaborated with her colleagues to develop a unit to help teens learn how visual messages such as those in pictures, media icons, logos, slogans, clothing, toys, and…

De Abreu, Belinha

2008-01-01

104

Are psychosocial factors related to smoking in grade-6 students?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The associations of psychosocial characteristics with both gender and smoking behavior were explored in a sample of 1552 grade-six students from 107 schools in one Ontario, Canada, school district. Ever smokers were more likely to have spending money; a parttime job; to have missed school in previous 2 months; perceive themselves to be below average or average in school; to

John J. Koval; Kathleen O'Connor

1997-01-01

105

My Point of View: More Writing from Grade 9 Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is a collection of writing by ninth-grade students taken from the 1987 and 1988 Canadian Territorial Achievement Tests. The booklet's 70 pieces of writing include essays on education in the Northwest Territory, narratives on how the best laid plans can go wrong, humorous treatments on uses for chewing gum and the best ways to keep…

Northwest Territories Dept. of Education, Yellowknife.

106

Determinants of Grades in Maths for Students in Economics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper investigates the determinants of grades achieved in maths by first-year students in economics. We use individual administrative data from 1993 to 2005 to fit an educational production function. Our main findings suggest that good secondary school achievements and the type of school attended are significantly associated with maths…

Cappellari, Lorenzo; Lucifora, Claudio; Pozzoli, Dario

2012-01-01

107

Environmental Knowledge and Beliefs among Grade 10 Students in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To develop environmental education in Australia, a survey of tenth-grade students was undertaken. Thirty knowledge items and ten belief items were constructed. A panel of environmentalists and educators identified best responses for the knowledge items, and a common reference point, preservation of homo sapiens, for the belief items, so a…

Eyers, Vivian George

108

Open Word Sorts: Helping Third Grade Students Become Strategic Spellers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study analyzed whether a word study instruction based on open sorting would allow children to have more conventions or strategies available for spelling words in their written work. Subjects, all 22 third-grade students in a suburb of a large midwestern city, were given the Qualitative Inventory of Word Knowledge as pre- and posttests. Three…

Fresch, Mary Jo; Wheaton, Aileen

109

A Science Assessment Program for Kindergarten and First Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented are science units for kindergarten and first-grade classes which include one or more non-verbal test items constructed to determine whether the student has learned the material presented in the unit. Units include: light, senses, gerbils, beans and peas, animal activities, and hatching chicks. (SL)|

Greening, Gary A.

110

Stop Tobacco in Restaurants: Fifth Grade Students STIR City Hall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses a campaign called STIR: Stop Tobacco in Restaurants, that was started by fourth and fifth grade students. The goal was to end smoking in public places, including restaurants, bowling alleys, sports bars, and pool halls. For two years they motivated their peers, coordinated an information campaign to urge kids and adults to…

Morris, Ronald Vaughan

2008-01-01

111

Students as Literary Critics: The Interpretive Experiences, Beliefs, and Processes of Ninth-Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The interpretive beliefs, processes, and instructional experiences of 8 ninth-grade students were studied as they participated in instructional subcommunities within their existing English classes. An observational analysis of the instructional communities was undertaken, and the students' interpretive processes were analyzed as intertextual transactions, which include reasoning operations and inference sources. Overall results revealed that students reasoned about literary works at

Theresa Rogers

1991-01-01

112

The Fairness of Report Card Grading Adaptations: What Do Students with and without Learning Disabilities Think?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 15 high school students with learning disabilities and 257 typical students found no grading adaptation was viewed as fair by a majority of students without disabilities. Changing the grading scale and raising grades to reflect improvement were viewed as fair adaptations by the students with disabilities. (CR)

Bursuck, William D.; Munk, Dennis D.; Olson, Mary M.

1999-01-01

113

Correlates of Academic Procrastination and StudentsGrade Goals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined correlates of academic procrastination and studentsgrade goals in a sample of 226 undergraduates from\\u000a Singapore. Findings indicated that self-efficacy for self-regulated learning was significantly and negatively related to procrastination.\\u000a High self-efficacy for self-regulated learning also predicted students’ expectations of doing well and low self-efficacy for\\u000a self-regulated learning predicted students’ expectations of not doing well academically. Additionally,

Crystal X. Tan; Rebecca P. Ang; Robert M. Klassen; Lay See Yeo; Isabella Y. F. Wong; Vivien S. Huan; Wan Har Chong

2008-01-01

114

Money in the Middle: Personal Finance Economics 6-8. Money in the Middle. Teacher Resource Manual. EconomicsAmerica.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to help students in grades 6-8 make better decisions as spenders, savers, borrowers, and managers of money. The learning experiences focus on personal finance and money management. The 10 lessons divided into 4 units include: (1) "Check It Out"; (2) "Party Planners"; (3) "What Would You Do?"; (4) "M&M Interesting"; (5) "The…

Forgue, Raymond E.; Randolph, Beth; Farley, Mary Ann

115

Grade six students' understanding of the nature of science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of scientific literacy requires that students develop an understanding of the nature of science to assist them in the reasoned acquisition of science concepts and in their future role as citizens in a participatory democracy. The purpose of this study was to investigate and describe the range of positions that grade six students hold with respect to the nature of science and to investigate whether gender or prior science education was related to students' views of the nature of science. Two grade six classes participated in this study. One class was from a school involved in a long-term elementary science curriculum project. The science curriculum at this school involved constructivist epistemology and pedagogy and a realist ontology. The curriculum stressed hands-on, open-ended activities and the development of science process skills. Students were frequently involved in creating and testing explanations for physical phenomena. The second class was from a matched school that had a traditional science program. Results of the study indicated that students hold a wider range of views of the nature of science than previously documented. Student positions ranged from having almost no understanding of the nature of science to those expressing positions regarding the nature of science that were more developed than previous studies had documented. Despite the range of views documented, all subjects held realist views of scientific knowledge. Contrary to the literature, some students were able to evaluate a scientific theory in light of empirical evidence that they had generated. Results also indicated that students from the project school displayed more advanced views of the nature of science than their matched peers. However, not all students benefited equally from their experiences. No gender differences were found with respect to students' understanding of the nature of science.

Cochrane, Donald Brian

116

K-8th Grade Korean Students' Conceptions of 'Changes of State' and 'Conditions for Changes of State'. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the various conceptions held by K-8th Korean grade students regarding the 'changes of state' and the 'conditions for changes of state'. The study used a sample of five kindergarteners, five secondgrade students, five fourth-grade students, five sixth-grade students, and five eighth-grade students. The 25 students attend…

Paik, Seoung-Hey; Kim, Hyo-Nam; Cho, Boo-Kyoung; Park, Jae-Won

2004-01-01

117

Personalized Grading Plans: A Systematic Approach to Making the Grades of Included Students More Accurate and Meaningful  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Do seemingly motivated students with learning disabilities work hard in general education classes only to receive lower grades than their peers? Donahoe and Zigmond (1990) found that 60-70% of students with learning disabilities passed their mainstreaming classes but received a below-average (below a C-) grade. A similar finding was reported by…

Munk, Dennis D.; Bursuck, William D.

2004-01-01

118

Improving Fifth Grade Students' Participation in and Attitudes toward the Science Fair through Guided Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum addressed the problem of decreased participation of fifth-grade students in the science fair. At this grade level, the science fair guidelines mandate that students enter a research-type project. For many fifth-grade students the desire to tackle this monumental task does not match their developing cognitive skills. The literature…

Daab, Marcia J.

119

Teacher-Student Interactions in Fifth Grade Classrooms: Relations with Children's Peer Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates the extent to which teacher-student interactions in fifth grade classrooms are associated with peer behavior in fifth grade, accounting for prior peer functioning. Participants included 894 fifth grade students from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. The quality of teacher-student interactions…

Luckner, Amy E.; Pianta, Robert C.

2011-01-01

120

Social, Emotional, and Behavioral Adjustment of Accelerated Students, Students in Gifted Classes, and Regular Students in Eighth Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study found that accelerated students (n=365) and students (n=334) in gifted classes had better perceptions of their social relationships and emotional development and fewer behavior problems than did regular students (n=323). The accelerated eighth graders who entered school early or skipped elementary grades did not report social…

Sayler, Micheal F.; Brookshire, William K.

1993-01-01

121

Grade Inflation under the Threat of Students' Nuisance: Theory and Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines a channel, students' nuisance, to explain grade inflation. "Students' nuisance" is defined by "students' pestering the professors for better grades." This paper contains two parts: the game theoretic model and the empirical tests. The model shows that the potential threat of students' nuisance can induce the professors to…

Iris Franz, Wan-Ju

2010-01-01

122

Producing a Documentary in the Third Grade: Reaching All Students through Movie Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article details the work of third grade teacher, co-author Kim Heckart, as she engaged her students in making historical documentaries: a project that succeeded in reaching all of her third-grade students. For the last five years, Kim has required students to make historical documentaries. As her students produced these works, Kim conversed…

Fehn, Bruce; Heckart, Kimberly

2013-01-01

123

SUPERSTARS III: 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SUPERSTARS III is a K-8 program designed as an enrichment opportunity for self-directed learners in mathematics. The basic purpose of SUPERSTARS III is to provide the extra challenge that self-motivated students need in mathematics and to do so in a structured, long-term program that does not impinge on the normal classroom routine or the…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Education, Raleigh.

124

SUPERSTARS III: 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|SUPERSTARS III is a K-8 program designed as an enrichment opportunity for self-directed learners in mathematics. The basic purpose of SUPERSTARS III is to provide the extra challenge that self-motivated students need in mathematics and to do so in a structured, long-term program that does not impinge on the normal classroom routine or the…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Education, Raleigh.

125

The Association of Professors' Style, Trait Anxiety, and Experience with Students' Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The relationship between the style, trait anxiety, and experience of professors and students' grades was investigated using Fiedler's contingency theory. Results indicated professors' trait anxiety is significant influencing student grades; professors having a high Least Preferred co-worker score assigned grades negatively correlated related with…

Theodory, George C.; Day, Richard C.

1985-01-01

126

Effects of Intensive Reading Intervention for Eighth-Grade Students with Persistently Inadequate Response to Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors report the effects of a yearlong, very small-group, intensive reading intervention for eighth-grade students with serious reading difficulties who had demonstrated low response to intervention (RTI) in both Grades 6 and 7. At the beginning of Grade 6, a cohort of students identified as having reading difficulties were randomized to…

Vaughn, Sharon; Wexler, Jade; Leroux, Audrey; Roberts, Greg; Denton, Carolyn; Barth, Amy; Fletcher, Jack

2012-01-01

127

Implementation of Algebra I in Eighth Grade: An "Ex-Post Facto" Study on Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Only recently have school districts across the nation begun to offer Algebra I to all eighth grade students. Currently, most eighth grade Algebra I curriculum does not have a national consistent focus of topics or level of rigor. A key issue of implementing Algebra I in eighth grade is defining national Algebra I concepts and skills that students

Realdine, Dorothy S.

2010-01-01

128

Homework: To Require or Not? Online Graded Homework and Student Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent development in economics of the online automated graded homework product, Aplia, has significantly reduced the cost to instructors of assigning and grading homework. Using a quasi-experimental approach, we investigate the effect that online graded homework has on student achievement (as measured by the Test of Understanding in College Economics, final course grades, and performance on the departmental final

Tisha L. N. Emerson; Kimberly D. Mencken

2009-01-01

129

Student response to Sustained Silent Reading (SSR) as an eighth-grade literacy practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the literacy practices of 9 eighth-grade students who participated in a program of daily Sustained Silent Reading (SSR). Students reported their activities and attitudes towards SSR by means of interviews and written responses. Teacher observations supported their responses. Standardized test scores for participating and nonparticipating SSR students were compared documenting the value of SSR as an eighth-grade

Diane Mary Kvilesz

2007-01-01

130

The Effects of Cooperative Learning Experience on Eighth Grade Students' Achievement and Attitude toward Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Effective teaching and learning of science depends on the selected teaching method touching students' most learning senses. This study investigated the effects of cooperative learning on eighth grade students' achievement and attitude toward science. Participants were 68 students from two different eighth grade classrooms in an elementary school.…

Kose, Sacit; Sahin, Abdurrahman; Ergun, Aysegul; Gezer, Kutret

2010-01-01

131

The Effects of Cooperative Learning Experience on Eighth Grade Students' Achievement and Attitude toward Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective teaching and learning of science depends on the selected teaching method touching students' most learning senses. This study investigated the effects of cooperative learning on eighth grade students' achievement and attitude toward science. Participants were 68 students from two different eighth grade classrooms in an elementary school.…

Kose, Sacit; Sahin, Abdurrahman; Ergun, Aysegul; Gezer, Kutret

2010-01-01

132

The Interplay Between Student Evaluation and Instruction: Grading and Feedback in Mathematics Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teachers’ practices of student evaluation can be considered crucial to the implementation of embedded assessment systems. This article reports on two studies investigating these practices in detail. The first study examines teacher judgments about student achievement in terms of the grades awarded. It examines whether the grades awarded reflect two dimensions of students’ achievement as well as learning behavior. It

Katrin Rakoczy; Eckhard Klieme; Anika Bürgermeister; Birgit Harks

2008-01-01

133

The Effectiveness of the New 9th Grade Biology Curriculum on Students' Environmental Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a new 9th grade biology curriculum on students' environmental awareness. Participants included 91 ninth grade students in a high school in Balikesir during the spring semester of the 2008-2009 academic years. Two classrooms, including 22 and 24 students respectively, were randomly assigned…

Cetin, Gulcan; Nisanci, Seda Hilal

2010-01-01

134

The Use of Group versus Individual Settings for Assessing Student Achievement in Kindergarten and First Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on an experiment examining the consequences of assessing kindergarten and first-grade students' academic achievement in group versus individualized assessment settings. Students (n=442) blocked by classroom and grade level were randomly assigned to one of two assessment modes: a small group setting with 8 other students from…

Atkins-Burnett, Sally; Rowan, Brian; Correnti, Richard

135

Multidimensional Self Concept Scale: An Examination of Grade, Race, and Gender Differences in Third through Sixth Grade Students' Self-Concepts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the practicality of extending the Multidimensional Self Concept Scale (MSCS) norms downward for use with third and fourth grade students from a predominantly African-American sample. Internal consistency for the MSCS for third- and fourth-grade students was comparable to fifth- and sixth-grade students in the sample. (Author/MKA)

Wilson, Patti L.

1998-01-01

136

Classroom Quality and Student Engagement: Contributions to Third-Grade Reading Skills  

PubMed Central

This study, using NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development longitudinal data, investigated the effects of classroom quality and students’ third-grade behavioral engagement on students’ third-grade reading achievement (n?=?1,364) and also examined the extent to which students’ third-grade behavioral engagement mediated the association between classroom quality and children's reading skills. SEM results revealed that controlling for family socio economic risk and students’ first-grade reading achievement, classroom quality significantly, and positively predicted children's behavioral engagement, which in turn predicted greater reading achievement. Higher levels of children's behavioral engagement were associated with higher reading achievement. Implications for policy and practice are discussed.

Guo, Ying; Connor, Carol McDonald; Tompkins, Virginia; Morrison, Frederick J.

2011-01-01

137

Effects of Intensive Reading Intervention for Eighth-Grade Students With Persistently Inadequate Response to Intervention  

PubMed Central

The authors report the effects of a yearlong, very small-group, intensive reading intervention for eighth-grade students with serious reading difficulties who had demonstrated low response to intervention (RTI) in both Grades 6 and 7. At the beginning of Grade 6, a cohort of students identified as having reading difficulties were randomized to treatment or comparison conditions. Treatment group students received researcher-provided reading intervention in Grade 6, which continued in Grade 7 for those with low response to intervention; comparison students received no researcher-provided intervention. Participants in the Grade 8 study were members of the original treatment (N = 28) and comparison (N = 13) conditions who had failed to pass a state-mandated reading comprehension test in both Grades 6 and 7. In Grade 8, treatment group students received a 50-minute, daily, individualized, intensive reading intervention in groups of two to four students per teacher. The results showed that students in the treatment condition demonstrated significantly higher scores than comparison students on standardized measures of comprehension (effect size = 1.20) and word identification (effect size = 0.49), although most continued to lack grade-level proficiency in reading despite 3 years of intervention. Findings from this study provide a rationale for intensive intervention for middle school students with severe reading difficulties.

Vaughn, Sharon; Wexler, Jade; Leroux, Audrey; Roberts, Greg; Denton, Carolyn; Barth, Amy; Fletcher, Jack

2013-01-01

138

Civic Development of 9th through 12th-Grade Students in the United States: 1996.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides an extensive picture of factors often thought to be associated with promoting good citizenship among youth. In particular, it focuses on the civic development of 9th- through 12th-grade students. Broadly speaking, student characterist...

C. Chapman R. G. Niemi

1998-01-01

139

Middle Grades and High Schools Use Effective Strategies to Prepare Students for Challenging High School Studies. High Schools That Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Middle grades schools have their hands full in working with elementary schools and high schools to improve the likelihood of success for middle grades students--accelerating learning, helping elementary students move seamlessly into the middle grades, preparing middle grades students for rigorous high school courses, changing organization and…

Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2011

2011-01-01

140

Estimating the Impact of Relative Expected Grade on Student Evaluations of Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Grade inflation over the past few decades has been a concern for many universities. Course evaluation scores are known to be positively correlated with students' expected grades, and this paper tests whether or not there is an incentive for the instructor to "buy" higher evaluation scores by inflating grades. To test this hypothesis, I use unique…

Ewing, Andrew M.

2012-01-01

141

Prematriculation Program Grades as Predictors of Black and Other Nontraditional Students' First-Year Academic Performances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study explored predictors of African-American and other nontraditional medical students' first-year academic performance at the Medical College of Georgia. Variables included undergraduate grades and grades in a summer prematriculation program (SPP) featuring biochemistry, anatomy, and immunology courses. SPP grades were found useful in…

Hesser, Al; Lewis, Lloyd

1992-01-01

142

Comprehension Instruction for Students with Reading Disabilities in Grades 4 through 12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many students with reading difficulties in grades 4 through 12 experience challenges in understanding and learning from text. Some of these learners have demonstrated reading challenges from the early grades and have not acquired successful reading skills. Others were adequate readers in the early grades when word reading was the focus and when…

Reed, Deborah K.; Vaughn, Sharon

2012-01-01

143

Prematriculation Program Grades as Predictors of Black and Other Nontraditional Students' First-Year Academic Performances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study explored predictors of African-American and other nontraditional medical students' first-year academic performance at the Medical College of Georgia. Variables included undergraduate grades and grades in a summer prematriculation program (SPP) featuring biochemistry, anatomy, and immunology courses. SPP grades were found useful in…

Hesser, Al; Lewis, Lloyd

1992-01-01

144

Modeling Oral Reading Fluency Development in Latino Students: A Longitudinal Study Across Second and Third Grade  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines growth in oral reading fluency across 2nd and 3rd grade for Latino students grouped in 3 English proficiency levels: students receiving English as a second language (ESL) services (n = 2,182), students exited from ESL services (n = 965), and students never designated as needing services (n = 1,857). An important focus was to learn whether, within

Stephanie Al Otaiba; Yaacov Petscher; N. Eleni Pappamihiel; Rihana S. Williams; Allison K. Dyrlund; Carol Connor

2009-01-01

145

Learning Difficulties Experienced by Grade 12 South African Students in the Chemical Representation of Phenomena  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the learning difficulties of grade 12 South African students in a national chemistry examination. A quantitative analysis of students' performance in the examination revealed there was a significant difference between student performance in questions where students needed to execute a transformation across levels of…

Ramnarain, Umesh; Joseph, Aleyamma

2012-01-01

146

The Effects of a Water Conservation Instructional Unit on the Values Held by Sixth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixth grade students were divided into two groups. Students in one group received instruction on water conservation using expository and discovery activities. The students in the control group received none. Results gave evidence that students' values could be changed by this mode of water conservation instruction. (MA)

Aird, Andrew; Tomera, Audrey

1977-01-01

147

Learning Difficulties Experienced by Grade 12 South African Students in the Chemical Representation of Phenomena  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the learning difficulties of grade 12 South African students in a national chemistry examination. A quantitative analysis of students' performance in the examination revealed there was a significant difference between student performance in questions where students needed to execute a transformation across levels of…

Ramnarain, Umesh; Joseph, Aleyamma

2012-01-01

148

The Land of Hope: Third-Grade Students Use a Walking Tour to Explore Their Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers use a number of instructional strategies to help students develop citizenship skills and learn state and local history. In many communities, teachers include field trips and walking tours to help students learn more about people. In this article, the author describes how third-grade students learned from older students and from their…

Morris, Ronald V.

2006-01-01

149

Concerns About Ninth-Grade Students' Poor Academic Performance: One School's Action Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Survey of high school teachers' and students' concerns about the academic performance of incoming 9th grade students. Finds teachers' major areas of concerns are time management, motivation, and homework. Students' greatest concerns are study habits, self-regulation, and test anxiety. Used survey results to develop strategies to improve student

Fulk, Barbara M.

2003-01-01

150

Collateral Benefits of an Interactive Literacy Program for Grade 1 and 2 Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the collateral effects of WiggleWorks, an interactive literacy program, in two settings: a cohort study comparing random samples of grade 1 and 2 students before and after software implementation, and a longitudinal sample tracing students from kindergarten to grade 1. Showed increases in computer use, skills, and…

Ross, John A.; Hogaboam-Gray, Anne; Hannay, Lynne

2001-01-01

151

Exploring the Relationship Between Literacy Coaching and Student Reading Achievement in Grades K–1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the relationship between literacy coaching and student reading achievement in grades K-1 in a school district that received a Reading First grant. The study analyzed how literacy coaches spent their time and explored the relationship between the amount and content of coaching and student reading achievement at the teacher level as well as the grade level. Data

Laurie Elish-Piper; Susan K. LAllier

2010-01-01

152

Predicting College Success with High School Grades and Test Scores: Limitations for Minority Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using a sample of 522 students at a Lutheran university in the Southwestern United States, researchers examined differences in the predictive strength of high school grades and standardized test scores for student involvement, academic achievement, retention, and satisfaction. Findings indicate that high school grades are stronger predictors of…

Hoffman, John L.; Lowitzki, Katie E.

2005-01-01

153

Early Grade Retention and Student Success: Evidence from Los Angeles. Technical Appendices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report uses administrative data provided by the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) on kindergarten to third-grade students. The records begin with kindergartners in 2001, first-graders in 2002, second-graders in 2003, and third-graders in 2004 and include all LAUSD students in grades K-3 for 2004 to 2008. Altogether, the raw data…

Cannon, Jill S.; Lipscomb, Stephen

2011-01-01

154

Early Grade Retention and Student Success: Evidence from Los Angeles. Technical Appendices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report uses administrative data provided by the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) on kindergarten to third-grade students. The records begin with kindergartners in 2001, first-graders in 2002, second-graders in 2003, and third-graders in 2004 and include all LAUSD students in grades K-3 for 2004 to 2008. Altogether, the raw data…

Cannon, Jill S.; Lipscomb, Stephen

2011-01-01

155

Pumsy in Pursuit of Excellence and Self-Concept of Second Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This practicum evaluated the effects a self-esteem program, Pumsy in Pursuit of Excellence, which was implemented by the elementary school counselor with second grade students (N=65). Forty-five second grade students comprised the control group. The Pumsy in Pursuit of Excellence Units include: (1) Pumsy Decides; (2) If Only Things Were…

Burkholder, Janiece

156

Grade Inflation at KSU: Student and Faculty Perspectives. Research Report No. 36.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Kansas State University faculty members and students were asked about factors affecting "grade inflation" as well as consequences of changing academic polices relating to it. Responses were received from 188 faculty members and 369 students. Most faculty members viewed grade inflation negatively, and felt that it was caused by a combination of…

Hoyt, Donald P.; Reed, Jeffrey G.

157

Pumsy in Pursuit of Excellence and Self-Concept of Second Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum evaluated the effects a self-esteem program, Pumsy in Pursuit of Excellence, which was implemented by the elementary school counselor with second grade students (N=65). Forty-five second grade students comprised the control group. The Pumsy in Pursuit of Excellence Units include: (1) Pumsy Decides; (2) If Only Things Were Different;…

Burkholder, Janiece

158

Grades and Graduation: A Longitudinal Risk Perspective to Identify Student Dropouts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Studies of student risk of school dropout have shown that present predictors of at-risk status do not accurately identify a large percentage of students who eventually drop out. Through the analysis of the entire Grade 1-12 longitudinal cohort-based grading histories of the class of 2006 for two school districts in the United States, the author…

Bowers, Alex J.

2010-01-01

159

Students' understanding of matter: the effect of reasoning ability and grade level  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims at investigating the effect of grade level on students' achievement in matter concept and reasoning abilities, when their test anxiety was controlled. The data was collected from 8th, 10th and 11th grade students by the administration of The Matter Concept Test, Test of Logical Thinking, and the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire. The results revealed that there

Ayhan Yilmaz; Elvan Alp

160

Determining the Fifth Grade Students' van Hiele Geometric Thinking Levels in Tessellation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research has been conducted to determine fifth grade students' van Hiele geometric thinking levels in tessellation. The research was conducted in a primary school in Eskiehir. 9 fifth grade students were chosen as participants. Data were collected through clinical interviews. In data analysis descriptor code key, which is similar to a key code, developed by Callingham (2004) were used.

Çidem KILIÇ; Nilüfer Yavuzsoy KÖSE; Dilek TANILI; Aynur ÖZDA

2007-01-01

161

Comparison of Self-Reported and Measured Height and Weight in Eighth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of this study was to evaluate the relationships between self-reported and measured height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) in a sample of eighth-grade students. The study population consisted of eighth-grade students in eastern North Carolina who completed a cross-sectional survey, self-reported their height and weight, and had their…

Morrissey, Susan L.; Whetstone, Lauren M.; Cummings, Doyle M.; Owen, Lynda J.

2006-01-01

162

A Longitudinal Study of Grade Retention: Academic and Behavioral Outcomes of Retained Students Through Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most research examining the efficacy of early grade retention has been limited to outcomes during elementary school. A notable gap in the retention literature is the dearth of studies examining outcomes during late adolescence. The results of this prospective longitudinal study include comparisons among four unique samples: (1) early grade retainees; (2) students retained in a transition classroom; (3) students

Shane R. Jimerson; Phillip Ferguson

2007-01-01

163

Grade Inflation and Student Individual Differences as Systematic Bias in Faculty Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The media has recently exposed that grade inflation is a concern for higher education in North America. Grade inflation may be due to consumerism by universities that now compete for students. Keeping students happy (and paying) may have been emphasized more than learning. We review the literature on faculty evaluation and present a model that…

Germain, Marie-Line; Scandura, Terri A.

2005-01-01

164

Grade 4 to 8 Primary School Students' Attitudes towards Science: Science Enthusiasm  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this study is to investigate the grades 4 to 8 students' attitudes towards science under the "liking school", "independent investigator" and "what I really think of science" titles. The affect of gender, grade level and science achievement on students' attitudes was analysed in "liking school", "independent investigator", "science…

Kirikkaya, Esma Bulus

2011-01-01

165

Problem-Based Learning in the Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh Grades: Assessment of Students' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of students' characteristics (gender, age, and first-language spoken at home) on their perceptions about problem-based learning (PBL). The study revealed that students from the fifth, sixth and seventh grades perceived PBL in a positive way but there were significant differences between the grades. The resources…

Azer, Samy A.

2009-01-01

166

THE ATTITUDE OF THE STUDENTS STUDYING SECOND GRADE in ELEMENTARY SCHOOL to SOCIAL STUDIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The aim of this study is to examine the attitude of the students who are studyng 6 th and 7 th grade to Social Studies and to define what should be done in order to improve the attitude in a positive way. With the aim, 245 students studying 6 th and 7 th grade in elementary school were given

Hülya KAYALI

167

Grading New York: Accountability and Student Proficiency in America's Largest School District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article uses a regression discontinuity approach to study the influence of New York City's school grading policy on student math and English language arts (ELA) achievement. We find evidence that students in schools receiving a failing grade realized positive effects in English in the 1st year of sanction, but we find no statistically…

Winters, Marcus A.; Cowen, Joshua M.

2012-01-01

168

A Second Chance in Second Grade: The Independent and Cumulative Impact of First- and Second-Grade Reading Instruction and Students' Letter-Word Reading Skill Growth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relation of language arts instruction to students' letter-word reading skill growth from the beginning of 1st grade to the end of 2nd grade using cross-classified random effects models. Amounts of teacher-managed, code-focused instruction in 1st and 2nd grade each uniquely predicted students' letter-word reading skill…

Connor, Carol McDonald; Morrison, Frederick J.; Underwood, Phyllis S.

2007-01-01

169

How Are First-Year Student Study Habits and Grade Predictions Related to Semester and Cumulative Grades, Long-Term Retention, and Graduation?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|First-year students completed surveys on their study habits and grade predictions, which were compared to final course grades and retention, and then to enrollment status and cumulative grade point average (GPA) 8 years later. Found that graduates earned higher course grades and higher cumulative GPAs and more accurately predicted their course…

Zlokovich, Martha S.; Crites, Dwayne; Bingham, Jordan; Buck, Leslie; Burt, Susan; Goings-Vogelsang, Chrystal; Humphrey, Rebecca; Koszuzek, Keven; Steiner, Andrea

2003-01-01

170

Testing the Efficacy of INSIGHTS on Student Disruptive Behavior, Classroom Management, and Student Competence in Inner City Primary Grades  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Author(s) 2009. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com Abstract A prevention trial tested the efficacy of INSIGHTS into Children's Temperament as compared to a Read Aloud attention control condition in reducing student disruptive behavior and enhancing student competence and teacher classroom management. Participants included 116 first and second grade students, their parents, and their 42 teachers

Sandra Graham; L. Snow; Catherine S. Tamis-LeMondaEileen; T. Rodriguez

171

Are psychosocial factors related to smoking in grade-6 students?  

PubMed

The associations of psychosocial characteristics with both gender and smoking behavior were explored in a sample of 1552 grade-six students from 107 schools in one Ontario, Canada, school district. Ever smokers were more likely to have spending money: a part-time job; to have missed school in previous 2 months; perceive themselves to be below average or average in school; to have a mother, a father, and a sibling who smoke; to have consumed low alcohol and alcoholic beverages; and agree with fewer positive statements concerning second-hand smoke and the addictive properties of smoking. Ever smokers had more close friends who tried smoking, spent more time with friends, scored higher on depression, rebelliousness, and social conformity scales, reported more life events in the past year, and had lower scores for social support. More boys than girls had ever smoked (18.9% vs. 14.7%). Gender differences were found for sociodemographic, attitudes, social bonding, and psychosocial factors. PMID:9113212

Pederson, L L; Koval, J J; O'Connor, K

172

Promoting Intrinsic Reading: Implementing Literature Circles with Intermediate-Grade Students and Preservice Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This practice focus paper describes the research base that attitudes toward reading and motivation to read for pleasure decrease as students progress through the grade levels. The practice of using literature circles to promote more positiveattitudesandincreaseintrinsicmotivationwasimplementedwhenauniversityandschooldistrictforgedapartnership toprovideasummerreadingcampthatfocusedonreadingforenjoyment.Thecampprovidedfield experienceforpreservice teachers who led intermediate-grade students in discovering and\\/or reinforcing the joys of reading for pleasure. Parents, preservice teachers, and intermediate students provided

Angela Rutherford; Ashley Parker

173

Strategies to Affect Student Sensory Awareness of the Environment in a Rural Schools Setting: Grade Four through Grade Six.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describing the Union 58 Experimental Schools Program (ESP) in northern, rural New Hampshire, this curriculum guide presents the concept of "proximity congruency" as a means for developing elementary level (grades four through six) student sensory awareness of the environment in outdoor and/or environmental education procedures. Proximity…

Peters, Richard O.

174

Reading Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities in the Upper Elementary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For students with learning disabilities, the upper elementary grades may represent a unique opportunity to provide successful remediation for lessening a reading difficulty and preventing students with learning disabilities from falling behind in other content areas. This article discusses effective reading interventions for students with…

Wanzek, Jeanne; Kent, Shawn C.

2012-01-01

175

Concept Mapping in Science Class: A Case Study of Fifth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this research project was to determine the effects of incorporating concept mapping on the achievement of fifth grade students in science class. The study was conducted with twenty-three students at Ata Elementary School, Trabzon, Turkey. The students were tested with teacher-constructed pre- and post tests containing 20…

Asan, Askin

2007-01-01

176

Learning Outcomes of Computer Programming Instruction for Middle-Grades Students: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This pilot study tested the hypothesis that the logical thinking skills of middle-grades students are enhanced by teaching them computer programming using the BASIC programming language. A quasi-experimental design was used with 36 students randomly selected and assigned to one of two treatment groups: 18 students received no instruction in…

Dillashaw, F. Gerald; Bell, Samuel R.

177

Reforming the Eighth-Grade Student Assignment Process for the Philadelphia Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The eighth grade student assignment project, an initiative of the School District of Philadelphia, assigns students to high school academic programs based on student preferences, academic preparation, program capacity, and desegregation requirements. These programs, called small learning communities (SLCs), emphasize areas such as design and…

Johnson, Michael P.

178

Using Dynamic Geometry Software to Improve Eight Grade Students' Understanding of Transformation Geometry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the effect of dynamic geometry software (DGS) on students' learning of transformation geometry. A pre- and post-test quasi-experimental design was used. Participants in the study were 68 eighth grade students (36 in the experimental group and 32 in the control group). While the experimental group students were studying the…

Guven, Bulent

2012-01-01

179

Improving the Performance of Sixth-Grade Social Studies Students through Exposure to Philosophy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An applied dissertation was designed to improve the performance of sixth-grade social studies students based on content-area work and teacher-made tests. Teachers used difficult, low-level, performance-based assessment methods to identify student achievement. This indicated that students possessed very limited opportunities to think beyond the…

Stabile, Chris

180

Perceptions of Teaching as a Career by Bahamian Grade 12 Students in College-Preparatory Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A questionnaire was administered to 1403 twelfth grade students in the Bahamas who were described as potentially eligible to pursue college-level work leading to teacher certification. Student opinions were sought on teacher training programs at the College of the Bahamas, conditions of teaching employment, characteristics of students in secondary…

Enger, John M.

181

Using Mobile Learning to Teach Reading to Ninth-Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this study determined whether using mobile phones as the medium for student learning with appropriately designed materials could increase educational achievement and motivation for these learners. In this research frontloading vocabulary designed for mobile phones improved comprehension, and produced a significant difference between United States ninth-grade average reading students who used mobile phones versus students in a

Lucianne Brown

2009-01-01

182

Patterns of Hispanic Students' Math Skill Proficiency in the Early Elementary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, we describe patterns of Hispanic students' math skill development during elementary school using data from a nationally representative sample of Hispanic students assessed in math skills from kindergarten through 5th grade. Several robust patterns are evident. First, Hispanic students enter kindergarten with average math skills…

Reardon, Sean F.; Galindo, Claudia

2007-01-01

183

Analysis of Year by Year Grade Point Averages of Students Identified as Academically Gifted.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether a particular grade in school would prove to be critical in the development of underachievement in 100 high school students identified as intellectually gifted, where 18 of the students were identified as underachieving. Data were collected on each student, including IQ scores, age identified as gifted, gender, final…

Goots, Pamela Bertozzi

184

ASSESSMENT OF RURAL MEXICAN-AMERICAN STUDENTS IN GRADES PRE-SCHOOL THROUGH TWELFTH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE CALIFORNIA MEXICAN-AMERICAN EDUCATION RESEARCH PROJECT INITIATED AN ASSESSMENT PROPOSAL DIRECTED TOWARD MORE EFFECTIVE EDUCATION OF MEXICAN-AMERICAN STUDENTS IN WASCO PUBLIC SCHOOLS AND THROUGHOUT CALIFORNIA. A SAMPLE OF THIRTEEN STUDENTS FROM EACH GRADE, PRE-SCHOOL THROUGH TWELVE, WAS RANDOMLY SELECTED FROM STUDENTS WITH SPANISH SURNAMES…

PALOMARES, UVALDO

185

Fifth Grade Students' Understanding of Ratio and Proportion in an Engineering Robotics Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The research described in this dissertation explores the impact of utilizing a LEGO-robotics integrated engineering and mathematics program to support fifth grade students' learning of ratios and proportion in an extracurricular program. The research questions guiding this research study were (1) how do students' test results compare for students

Ortiz, Araceli Martinez

2010-01-01

186

Understanding of Pollution among 4th, 8th, and 11th Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed 4th, 8th, and 11th grade students' understanding of natural and social science concepts related to pollution. A representative sample of public school students (n = 105) in 11 Maine schools was selected, and students were interviewed on four concept principles considered critical to a full understanding of the pollution problem. The concept of pollution included the much

Michael J. Brody

1991-01-01

187

Acids and Bases: The Appropriation of the Arrhenius Model by Tunisian Grade 10 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this work, we propose to identify the knowledge that Tunisian grade 10 students build up concerning acids and bases. Thus, after learning, we have proceeded by giving a paper and pencil task to students of two levels of teaching. The results obtained allow us to say that the assimilated knowledge is transitory; that the students have a worse…

Ouertatani, Latifa; Dumon, Alain; Trabelsi, Malika Ayadi; Soudani, Mohamed

2007-01-01

188

The Efficacy of Short-Term Rational-Emotive Education with Fourth-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines whether or not elementary students could learn rational thinking skills in a short-term, developmental guidance program. Fourth-grade students (N=95) were exposed to four 30-minute guidance lessons. Results indicate that the lessons produced robust changes in students' endorsement of rational statements. (RJM)

Wilde, Jerry

1996-01-01

189

Examining One Class of Third-Grade Spellers: The Diagnostic Potential of Students' Spelling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to examine the developmental spelling levels of one class of 17 third-grade students. In analyzing over 600 student spelling samples, results indicate that these students spanned four spelling stages: (1) letter name, (2) within word pattern, (3) syllables and affixes, and (4) derivational relations (Bear,…

Ness, Molly K.

2010-01-01

190

Communities. Community Study Unit, Grade 1. Teacher Edition, Field Trip Guide for Teachers, and Student Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit is designed to help first grade students understand the broad concept of community. The students experience a variety of in-class and field trip activities that will expose them to communities. The students observe and compare both natural and human-designed communities. Learning activities include pantomimes, listening activities,…

Lee County School District, Ft. Myers, FL. Dept. of Environmental Education and Instructional Development Services.

191

Collaboration, competition and violence in eighth?grade students’ classroom writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined gender features in eighth?grade students’ writing in terms of the relationships among characters and the use of violence, comparing our analyses to perspectives offered by the students in small group conversations. By using a variety of data collection techniques, we were able to extend the findings of previous studies, identifying several instances of students’ willingness to cross gender

Shelley Peterson; Mary Ladky

2001-01-01

192

Children's Perceptions of Parental Attitude Affecting Breakfast Skipping in Primary Sixth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Breakfast skipping is an international public health concern. This study investigated the prevalence of breakfast skipping among primary sixth-grade students in Hong Kong and the impact of students' perceptions of parental attitudes on breakfast skipping. Methods: A total of 426 students aged 10-14 years in 4 local schools…

Cheng, Tereza Sy; Tse, Lap Ah; Yu, Ignatius Tak-Sun; Griffiths, Sian

2008-01-01

193

Coffee Can Speakers: Amazing Energy Transformers--Fifth-Grade Students Learn the Science behind Speakers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the authors describe steps on how to develop a high-impact activity in which students build, test, and improve their own "coffee can" speakers to observe firsthand how loudspeakers work to convert electrical energy to sound. The activity is appropriate for students in grades three to six and lends itself best to students

Wise, Kevin; Haake, Monica

2007-01-01

194

Epistemological Beliefs of Third-Grade Students in an Investigation-Rich Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As part of becoming scientifically literate, students should come to appreciate epistemic aspects of science. Little research has been conducted on elementary students' epistemological beliefs specific to science education. This study offers insights into third-grade students' epistemological beliefs while paying attention to the intersection of…

Kittleson, Julie M.

2011-01-01

195

Turning points: a transitional story of grade seven music students’ participation in high school band programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a framework for our study, a broad set of themes related to the retention of students in music programmes are presented to enhance our understanding of how to retain band students. Data were collected from grade seven students comprising four focus groups. We used ethnodrama, an arts-based educational research approach, to represent results as a research script. We found

Peter Gouzouasis; Julia Henrey; George Belliveau

2008-01-01

196

Acids and Bases: The Appropriation of the Arrhenius Model by Tunisian Grade 10 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this work, we propose to identify the knowledge that Tunisian grade 10 students build up concerning acids and bases. Thus, after learning, we have proceeded by giving a paper and pencil task to students of two levels of teaching. The results obtained allow us to say that the assimilated knowledge is transitory; that the students have a worse…

Ouertatani, Latifa; Dumon, Alain; Trabelsi, Malika Ayadi; Soudani, Mohamed

2007-01-01

197

Poetry Performances and Academic Identity Negotiations in the Literacy Experiences of Seventh Grade Language Arts Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This case study explores seventh grade students' experiences with writing and performing poetry. Teacher and student interviews along with class observations provide insight into how the teacher and students viewed spoken word poetry and identity. The researcher recommends practices for the teaching of critical literacy using spoken word and…

Smith, Ann Marie

2010-01-01

198

Samples of Students' Responses from the Grade 9 Science Performance-Based Assessment Tasks, June 1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this document is to provide teachers, administrators, students, and parents with samples of students' performances that exemplify standards in relation to the 1993 Grade 9 Science Performance-Based Assessment Tasks for the province of Alberta, Canada. A sample of 698 randomly selected students from 31 schools did the…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

199

Loneliness among Students with Special Educational Needs in Mainstream Seventh Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goals of this study were twofold. The first aim was to explore loneliness prevalence in typically developing students, students with ASD and students with motor and/or sensory disabilities in mainstream 7th grade in Belgium. The second aim was to explore the relations between number of friends, friendship quality, social self-concept on the…

Bossaert, Goele; Colpin, Hilde; Pijl, Sip Jan; Petry, Katja

2012-01-01

200

Primary and secondary students’ motivation in learning English: Grade and gender differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student motivation may have significant influences on essential academic outcomes. However, students’ motivation may decline as they grow older. This study examined six motivation constructs (self-efficacy, interest, mastery goal orientation, engagement, avoidance coping, and effort withdrawal) of students from 78 schools in Singapore (N=4214) in learning English. Using a large and diverse sample of primary 5 (5th grade) and secondary

Alexander Seeshing Yeung; Shun Lau; Youyan Nie

2011-01-01

201

Knowing Your Market: How Working Students Balance Work, Grades and Course Load.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of 128 college students found that working students use sophisticated methods for balancing their grades, courseload, and workload. It is proposed that, if colleges and universities understand how this happens, they can serve this important market segment better and benefit from more positive student perceptions of the institution. (MSE)|

Henke, John W., Jr.; And Others

1993-01-01

202

Presenting California State University Admission Requirements to Tenth Grade Students: A Pilot Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to introduce information about the new California State University freshman admission requirements to high school students, an outreach program has been developed in the university's feeder high schools, particularly those with large numbers of minority students. A pilot project was conducted with tenth grade students in Alhambra High…

Meacham, Isabel; Bachmann, George

203

Grade 1 Students Meet David Wiesner's "Three Pigs."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the oral, written, and visual arts responses of a group of Grade 1 children. Discusses first grade children's understandings of and responses to several Radical Change characteristics and metafictive techniques found in David Wiesner's "The Three Pigs" (2001), the 2002 Randolph Caldecott Medal winner. Explores the nature of the literary…

Pantaleo, Sylvia

2002-01-01

204

4th Grade Students Investigate Electric Circuits Through Construction and Illustration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As an activity related to FOSS unit Magnetism and Electricity, 4th grade science students use a computer download to explore electrical circuits and to generate illustrations of electrical circuits for physical models built in class

205

Michigan Educational Assessment Program: Social Studies, Grade 4. Test Number 35, Student Assessment Booklet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Michigan Educational Assessment Program presents an untimed, 70-question Social Studies Test (Form 35) for grade 4 students to assess social studies skills. This document contains the test booklet only. (PN)|

Michigan State Board of Education, Lansing.

206

Michigan Educational Assessment Program: Social Studies, Grade 7. Test Number 65, Student Assessment Booklet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Michigan Educational Assessment Program presents an untimed, 100-question Social Studies Test (Form 65) for grade 7 students to assess social studies skills. This document contains the test booklet only. (PN)|

Michigan State Board of Education, Lansing.

207

Michigan Educational Assessment Program: Social Studies, Grade 10. Test Number 95, Student Assessment Booklet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Michigan Educational Assessment Program presents an untimed, 100-question Social Studies Test (Form 95) for grade 10 students to assess social studies skills. This document contains the test booklet only. (PN)|

Michigan State Board of Education, Lansing.

208

Policy Perspectives: Increasing Achievement of At-Risk Students at Each Grade Level.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper examines the status of currently proposed or implemented school programs aimed at increasing achievement of at-risk students in the elementary, middle, and high school grades. It reviews and assesses solutions designed to change organizational, ...

J. M. McPartland R. E. Slavin

1990-01-01

209

Science on the Web: Students Online in a Sixth-Grade Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Observes students in 6th grade science classes as they use the Web to carry out an inquiry-based assignment. Explores their understanding and enactment of the assignment to do research on the Web. (Author/CCM)|

Wallace, Raven McCrory; Kupperman, Jeff; Krajcik, Joseph; Soloway, Elliot

2000-01-01

210

Development of critical thinking among students in kindergarten through grade 4.  

PubMed

A test to measure critical thinking ability in early elementary grades was designed and used to assess the development of one aspect of critical thinking, the detection of bias, in 102 students in kindergarten through fourth grade. The test was administered in a story-telling format. Analysis showed an age-related increase in critical thinking ability, with differences becoming significant at Grade 4. PMID:1766774

Soloff, S B; Houtz, J C

1991-10-01

211

Determining Importance Student Template: What's It All About? Grades 4-5  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This template is an instructional tool that can be used by students to practice the comprehension strategy determining importance after reading a text. The template provides an opportunity for students to distinguish between the main ideas and the interesting details of a text. The template was created for use by students in Grades 4-5 with the Feature Story, Reader of the Rocks. It is a PDF file that can be copied and distributed to students.

Allen, Tracey; Reeson, Clarissa

212

Determining Importance Student Template: What's It All About? Grades 2-3  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This template is an instructional tool that can be used by students to practice the comprehension strategy determining importance after reading a text. The template provides an opportunity for students to distinguish between the main ideas and the interesting details of a text. The template was created for use by students in Grades 2-3 with the Feature Story, Reader of the Rocks. It is a PDF file that can be copied and distributed to students.

Allen, Tracey; Reeson, Clarissa

213

Favorite Newbery Books of Sixth Grade Students, Teachers, and Library Media Specialists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies Newbery books most frequently chosen as favorites by 2,211 sixth-grade students, sixth-grade teachers, and school library media specialists. FInds that boys chose "Maniac Magee" (Jerry Spinelli), girls chose "Number the Stars" (Lois Lowry), and adults chose "The Giver" (Lois Lowry). (RS)

Kerby, Ramona N.

1999-01-01

214

Academic Performance of Nursing Students: Do Prerequisite Grades and Tutoring Make a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The academic performance of first-semester nursing students who attended 5 or more (n=18) or fewer than 5 (n=19) tutorials was compared. A significant relationship was found between grades in prerequisite science courses and first-semester performance. Those who attended fewer tutorials had higher prerequisite course grades. (Contains 17…

Potolsky, Alicia; Cohen, Jayne; Saylor, Coleen

2003-01-01

215

Role of Resilient Personality on Lower Achieving First Grade Students' Current and Future Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated a measurement model of personality resilience and the contribution of personality resilience to lower achieving first grade students' academic achievement. Participants were 445 ethnically diverse children who at entrance to first grade scored below their school district median on a test of literacy. Participants were…

Kwok, Oi-man; Hughes, Jan N.; Luo, Wen

2007-01-01

216

Factors Affecting Literacy Achievement of Eighth Grade Middle School Instrumental Music Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this pretest-posttest comparative efficacy study was to analyze factors affecting literacy achievement of eighth grade middle school instrumental music students (n = 38) including (a) socioeconomic status (SES), (b) gender, (c) grade point average (GPA), (d) music motivation, (e) music involvement, and (f) instrument section. The…

Kurt, Johnny T.

2010-01-01

217

The Impact of Self- and Peer-Grading on Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 2001 U.S. Supreme Court Case of Falvo v. Owasso School System (Owasso Independent School District No I-011 v. Falvo) has focused national attention on the common classroom practice of peer-grading. In a unanimous decision the court reaffirmed the popular view that students grading each others' tests is valuable, saving teachers' time and…

Sadler, Philip M.; Good, Eddie

2006-01-01

218

Increasing Critical Thinking Skills of the Fourth Grade Student through Problem Solving Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum was designed to incorporate critical thinking skills instruction and practice into a fourth-grade curriculum to increase fourth-grade students' ability to recognize and apply critical thinking strategies to appropriate situations. This program concentrated on the increasing of six critical thinking skills: classification, sequence…

Rice, Beth

219

The development of a science process assessment for fourth-grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, a multiple-choice test entitled the Science Process Assessment was developed to measure the science process skills of students in grade four. Based on the Recommended Science Competency Continuum for Grades K to 6 for Pennsylvania Schools, this instrument measured the skills of (1) observing, (2) classifying, (3) inferring, (4) predicting, (5) measuring, (6) communicating, (7) using space\\/time

Kathleen A. Smith; Paul W. Welliver

1990-01-01

220

Can First and Second Grade Students Benefit from an Alcohol Use Prevention Program?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Protecting You/Protecting Me (PY/PM) is a classroombased, alcohol use prevention and vehicle safety program for elementary students from first through fifth grades developed by Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD). PY/PM is one of the first alcohol prevention programs to target children as early as first grade. The focus of this study is on the…

Bell, Mary Lou; Padget, Alison; Kelley-Baker, Tara; Rider, Raamses

2007-01-01

221

A Comparison of Two Reading Programs on the Reading Outcomes of First-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of two theoretically different reading programs on the reading outcomes of first-grade students (N = 107). Two elementary schools were chosen for participation based on the first-grade reading program currently being implemented in the schools. One school used the "Horizons Fast Track A-B"…

Tobin, Kevin G.; Calhoon, Mary Beth

2009-01-01

222

What Influences Eighth-Grade Hispanic Students' Academic Achievement? A Structural Equation Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A structural model of school learning was tested to examine both direct and indirect influences of previous grades, quality of instruction, motivation, quantity of instruction, and homework on Hispanic-American eighth-grade students' academic achievement, while controlling for background variables. The model was analyzed with path analytic…

Hernandez-Gantes, Victor M.

223

The Effects of Class Size on Student Grades at a Public University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We model how class size affects the grade higher education students earn and we test the model using an ordinal logit with and without fixed effects on over 760,000 undergraduate observations from a northeastern public university. We find that class size negatively affects grades for a variety of specifications and subsets of the data, as well as…

Kokkelenberg, Edward C.; Dillon, Michael; Christy, Sean M.

2008-01-01

224

Course Grades and Academic Performance by University Students: A Two-Stage Least-Squares Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Results suggest that while homework assignments, tests, and required texts increase the time students allot to a given course, and time allocated to a given course has a positive effect on course grades, the combination has a negative effect on course grade. High school performance is positively related to time given to a course but not to course…

Frisbee, William R.

1984-01-01

225

Favorite Newbery books of sixth grade students, teachers, and library media specialists  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to identify the Newbery books most frequently chosen as favorites by sixth grade students, sixth grade teachers, and school library media specialists. There were 2,211 participants from forty?five schools in the United States. The study examined whether or not there were any differences of identified favorite Newbery books between boys and girls and whether

Ramona N. Kerby

1998-01-01

226

Grade-Aligned Math Instruction for Secondary Students with Moderate Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of grade-aligned math instruction on math skill acquisition of four middle schools with moderate intellectual disability. Teachers were trained to follow a task analysis to teach grade-aligned math to middle school students using adapted math problem stories and graphic organizers. The teacher…

Browder, Diane M.; Jimenez, Bree A.; Trela, Katherine

2012-01-01

227

Samples of Students' Responses from the Grade 3 Mathematics Performance-based Assessment Tasks, June 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of Alberta Education's (Canada) broadened assessment initiatives, a sample of 693 Grade 3 students from across the province participated in the Mathematics Performance-based Assessment, 1994. This activity-based assessment, using picture books and manipulatives, was developed by Grade 3 teachers to assess a broad range of skills not easily…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

228

A Survey of Student Assessment Practice in Physical Education: Recommendations for Grading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Within the physical education discipline, there has been debate and a lack of consensus with regard to the relevancy of various factors used for the determination of student grades such as attendance, being dressed in a physical education uniform, and participation. To examine current professional practice with respect to grading in physical…

Young, Shawna

2011-01-01

229

Can First and Second Grade Students Benefit from an Alcohol Use Prevention Program?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Protecting You\\/Protecting Me (PY\\/PM) is a classroombased, alcohol use prevention and vehicle safety program for elementary students from first through fifth grades developed by Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD). PY\\/PM is one of the first alcohol prevention programs to target children as early as first grade. The focus of this study is on the youngest students receiving PY\\/PM, the first

Mary Lou Bell; Alison Padget; Tara Kelley-Baker; Raamses Rider

2007-01-01

230

Strict and Lenient Grading Scales: How Do They Affect the Performance of College Students with High and Low SAT Scores?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Determines the effects of strict and lenient grading practices on the test performance of students with low, moderate and high SAT scores. Concludes that variations in grading scales affects how much students learn. Suggests that the effects of teacher and course evaluations by students be mediated by considering students' performance. (KO)

Johnson, Basil G.; Beck, Hall P.

1988-01-01

231

A Comparison of Level of Understanding of Eighth-Grade Students and Science Student Teachers Related to Selected Chemistry Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to investigate and compare level of understanding of eighth-grade students and student teachers in their final year in the science education department related to concepts of solution, gas, and chemical change. A qualitative and quantitative methodology was used for this investigation. Open-ended questions and group…

Calik, Muammer; Ayas, Alipasa

2005-01-01

232

A Comparison of Level of Understanding of Eighth-Grade Students and Science Student Teachers Related to Selected Chemistry Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this study is to investigate and compare level of understanding of eighth-grade students and student teachers in their final year in the science education department related to concepts of solution, gas, and chemical change. A qualitative and quantitative methodology was used for this investigation. Open-ended questions and group…

Calik, Muammer; Ayas, Alipasa

2005-01-01

233

Comparison of reading errors made by first grade Greek students and English?speaking students with reading problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main purpose of the present study was to perform an in?depth study of the most common reading errors of a group of first grade. Greek students and compare them with pre?exiting findings on English speaking children. The students attended rural and suburban schools in Greece. Comparisons were made of (a) the patterns of errors: letter substitutions, orientation errors sequential

Maria Th. Papadopoulou; Maria Zafiropoulou

2005-01-01

234

Early Grade Retention and Student Success: Evidence from Los Angeles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When a student fails to master academic material, educators face a range of choices--they can provide extra tutoring, place the student in summer school, or, as a last resort, hold the student back for a year. This last option--retention--often proves to be a difficult and contentious issue for both schools and parents. California currently lacks…

Cannon, Jill S.; Lipscomb, Stephen

2011-01-01

235

The Correlation between Attendance, Grades, and the Nontraditional Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A review of research substantiates the link between nontraditional students' attendance and achievement at the college level. Results suggests a dependent relationship between attendance and achievement, not a causal effect. Other factors include student motivation, student-instructor rapport, class size, and other factors. (Contains 11…

Donathan, David A.

2003-01-01

236

Multiple Intelligences: Profiling Dominant Intelligences of Grade Eight Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Outlines how verbal protocols were used to compare self-perceived intelligences of students to teachers' evaluations of students based on Howard Gardner's theorized intelligences. Results indicate a strong agreement between teacher perceptions and student identifications of Gardner's intelligences. Argues for more detailed studies before…

Morris, Clifford; Leblanc, Raymond

1996-01-01

237

The impact of an integrated math and science curriculum on third grade students' measurement achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a hands-on science curriculum, which integrates mathematics and supports the development of English language skills, on third grade students' mathematics achievement---specifically the measurement subscale of the statewide assessment. The data draws from a larger 5-year research project consisting of reform-based science curriculum units and teacher workshops designed to promote effective instruction of science while integrating mathematics and supporting English language development. The third grade curriculum places a strong emphasis on developing measurement skills in the context of scientific investigations. Third grade students' performance on the measurement subscale of the statewide mathematics assessment at experimental and comparison schools were examined using a hierarchical linear model (HLM). Students participating in the treatment performed significantly higher than students at comparison schools. The results of this study provide evidence that an integrated approach to math and science instruction can benefit diverse populations of students.

Adamson, Karen

238

The relationship between science learning opportunities and ninth-grade science students' performance on a set of open-ended science questions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The link between instruction in middle school science and assessment in ninth grade science in a small, rural, midwestern school district was investigated. Nine hundred seventeen middle school (grades 6-8) science students and their 13 science teachers responded to surveys used to characterize science learning opportunities in the middle school science classes. Three hundred nine ninth grade students responded to a set of open-ended science questions for which the survey data provided a contextual background for interpretation of ninth grade student performance. Middle school science students did have science learning opportunities to practice science as inquiry, and their science teachers reported that much of the science inquiry practice was contextual. Students reported less frequently discussing, reading, or writing about the work done by scientists and reported seldom using science from the popular press as a source of information in their science classes. Students did have some practice in graphing in certain contexts. At least 90% of the ninth grade science students, who responded to the open-ended science questions, had been middle school students in this same district and would have had similar science experiences to those reported in the surveys. The contextual nature of the practice and less frequent practice in graphing would likely impact student performance on the open-ended science questions which were based on graphic representation. The interpretation and use of graphic information and actual graphing of data were areas that were problematic for students. While practice was reported in controlling variables and making predictions, student data from the open-ended science questions suggest minimal transfer of these skills. Students could write a conclusion for a research scenario but had difficulty in setting out the research question or identifying the control variables for the same scenario. Provision of reasons in support of answers was problematic across the questions, as was judging the validity of evidence and proposing a controlled strategy for testing claims. Major recommendations based on this study include science inquiry practice across a range of contexts and more attention to discussing, reading, and writing in the content area.

Enger, Sandra Kay Corey

239

Loneliness among students with special educational needs in mainstream seventh grade.  

PubMed

The goals of this study were twofold. The first aim was to explore loneliness prevalence in typically developing students, students with ASD and students with motor and/or sensory disabilities in mainstream 7th grade in Belgium. The second aim was to explore the relations between number of friends, friendship quality, social self-concept on the one hand and loneliness on the other for each of these three groups, and to compare them across groups. In this study, 108 students with special educational needs (SEN; i.e., 58 students with ASD and 50 students with motor and/or sensory disabilities) were matched to 108 typically developing classmates. Students with ASD reported more loneliness than typically developing students and students with motor and/or sensory disabilities. Loneliness prevalence for typically developing students and students with motor and/or sensory disabilities did not differ significantly. Factors related with loneliness differed between typically developing students and students with SEN (i.e., students with ASD and students with motor and/or sensory disabilities). For students with SEN, same-sex social self-concept was related with loneliness, but not, as for typically developing students, number of friends and opposite-sex social self-concept. Also friendship quality had a marginally significant effect on loneliness feelings for students with SEN. Implications for further research and practice are discussed. PMID:22705912

Bossaert, Goele; Colpin, Hilde; Pijl, Sip Jan; Petry, Katja

2012-06-15

240

Cell Block: The Creation of a Video Game for Seventh Grade Science Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's classroom model is based on a 19 th century industrial model that is not designed to serve the needs of current 21 st century students. This paper details the design and creation of a two-dimensional, side-scrolling video game on cell structure and function of the typical animal cell for seventh grade science students in an intermediate school in Hawaii.

Deanna M. K. Reece

241

The Effect of Shared Reading on Sixth Grade Students' Motivation to Read and Reading Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine whether there are changes in student motivation to read and reading comprehension when the instructional strategy of shared reading is used with sixth grade students. The quasi-experimental design for the study was based on the pretest-posttest nonequivalent control group design. The sample for the study…

Hollimon, Deborah Neal

2008-01-01

242

Internet Use and Online Literacy among Middle Grade Students at Risk of Dropping out of School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research provides an analysis of Internet use and online literacy skill among seventh-grade students who were identified as having a high risk for school dropout. Participants (n = 1,025) included students from 12 middle schools in 9 school districts. Six of the schools were located in rural and urban districts in the Northeast United States…

Hutchinson, Amy; Henry, Laurie A.

2010-01-01

243

Primary-Grade Students' Knowledge and Thinking about Clothing as a Cultural Universal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper summarizes responses of students in grades K-3 to questions about Native Americans. The paper draws on findings from two studies, both done in a suburban school system deemed "average" on a variety of educational and socioeconomic indicators. In each study, samples of students stratified by gender and achievement level were interviewed…

Brophy, Jere; Alleman, Janet

244

Special Environmental Education Project for Disadvantaged Gifted Primary Grade Students: 1980-81.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Outdoor Activity Center (Atlanta, Georgia) provides enriched experiences in a natural environment for economically disadvantaged gifted primary grade students and has developed materials incorporating creative activities used at the Center to expand the elementary science curriculum of the Atlanta Public Schools. Fifty-eight gifted students

Ballagas, Linda D.

245

Perceived Social Support at School and Emotional and Musculoskeletal Complaints among Norwegian 8th Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results from the present study indicate that a majority of Norwegian 8th grade students experience satisfactory support from teachers and relations with peers. However, about 6% of the sample reported being harassed on a weekly basis. Moreover, results indicate that there is room for improvement, especially regarding the teachers’ emotional support of students, as well as their ability to prevent

Edvin Bru; Marit Boyesen; Elaine Munthe; Erling Roland

1998-01-01

246

Primary-Grade Students' Knowledge and Thinking about Clothing as a Cultural Universal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes responses of students in grades K-3 to questions about Native Americans. The paper draws on findings from two studies, both done in a suburban school system deemed "average" on a variety of educational and socioeconomic indicators. In each study, samples of students stratified by gender and achievement level were interviewed…

Brophy, Jere; Alleman, Janet

247

Eighth-Grade Students Defining Complex Problems: The Effectiveness of Scaffolding in a Multimedia Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study investigated the effectiveness of a multimedia learning environment called "Pollution Solution" on eighth-grade students' ability to define a complex problem. Sixty students from four earth science classes taught by the same teacher in a New York City public school were included in the sample for this study. The classes were…

Zydney, Janet Mannheimer

2005-01-01

248

Primary-Grade Students' Knowledge and Thinking about Food Production and the Origins of Common Foods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individual interviews were conducted with 96 K-3 students, stratified according to grade level, achievement level, and gender. The students were asked to explain land-to-hand progressions involved in bringing several common foods to our tables, identify products derived from common farm animals, explain why a pound of cereal costs more than a pound of apples and a restaurant meal costs more

Jere Brophy; Janet Alleman; Carolyn OMahony

2003-01-01

249

Evaluation of mathematical powers of 5th grade primary school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term mathematical power is regarded as a whole of abilities in connecting, reasoning and communicating. The aim of this study is to evaluate mathematical powers of 5th grade primary students. The study is qualitative. It has been fulfilled 2009- 2010 Autumn semester. Observation and interview techniques were used to collect the data. In the process of practice, students were

Pusat Pilten

2010-01-01

250

Catch a Star Book! Responses of Fifth-Grade Students to Celebrity-Authored Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reader response theory and research on book interest underpinned a study of the appeal of celebrity-authored children's storybooks to elementary school students. We engaged fifth-grade students in selecting and reading from a set of 41 celebrity-authored books and completing reader response forms. Utilizing the survey research design and a…

Akrofi, Amma; Janisch, Carole; Button, Kathryn; Liu, Xiaoming

2010-01-01

251

Environmental Attitudes, Knowledge, and Behaviors of Missouri 6th- and 12th-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) produces various environmental materials for preschool, elementary, and secondary students and sponsors outdoor education programs. An MDC-sponsored survey of students in grades 6 and 12 found moderate levels of environmental knowledge, with weaknesses in the areas of biodiversity, wetlands, and…

Greene, Janice Schnake; Roddiger, Brian; Drysdale, Li'anne; Gray, Ginger; Merrigan, Colleen; Witter, Dan

2000-01-01

252

Thai Grade 11 Students' Alternative Conceptions for Acid-Base Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study involved the development of a two-tier diagnostic instrument to assess Thai high school students' understanding of acid-base chemistry. The acid-base diagnostic test (ABDT) comprising 18 items was administered to 55 Grade 11 students in a science and mathematics programme during the second semester of the 2008 academic year. Analysis…

Artdej, Romklao; Ratanaroutai, Thasaneeya; Coll, Richard Kevin; Thongpanchang, Tienthong

2010-01-01

253

Measuring the Confidence of 8th Grade Taiwanese Students' Knowledge of Acids and Bases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study investigated whether gender differences were present on the confidence judgments made by 8th grade Taiwanese students on the accuracy of their responses to acid-base test items. A total of 147 (76 male, 71 female) students provided item-specific confidence judgments during a test of their knowledge of acids and bases. Using the…

Jack, Brady Michael; Liu, Chia-Ju; Chiu, Houn-Lin; Tsai, Chun-Yen

2012-01-01

254

Negotiating Discourses: Sixth-Grade Students' Use of Multiple Science Discourses during a Science Fair Presentation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study offers important insights into the coexistence of multiple discourses and the link between these discourses and science understanding. It offers concrete examples of students' movement between multiple discourses in sixth-grade science fair presentations, and shows how those multiple discourses in science practices illuminate students'…

Gomez, Kimberley

2007-01-01

255

Promoting Social and Emotional Learning in Second Grade Students: A Study of the "Strong Start" Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The promotion of social and emotional learning (SEL) in schools may help prevent emotional and behavioral problems of students. This study evaluated the effects of a SEL curriculum, "Strong Start," on the social-emotional competence of 26 second grade students, using a quasi-experimental, non-equivalent control group design. Results revealed…

Caldarella, Paul; Christensen, Lynnette; Kramer, Thomas J.; Kronmiller, Kalli

2009-01-01

256

Urban Seventh Grade Students: A Report of Health Risk Behaviors and Exposure to Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The health of adolescents and the adults they will become can be linked to the health-related behaviors they adopt as children. To replicate a pilot study with a more culturally diverse population a descriptive, correlational study was undertaken with 379 seventh grade students. Key findings from this study include (a) students exposed or…

Dowdell, Elizabeth Burgess

2012-01-01

257

Gender Association of Musical Instruments and Preferences of Fourth-Grade Students for Selected Instruments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides research findings concerning the musical instrument preferences of fourth grade students. Finds that, although gender associations with certain instruments have lessened, they remain noticeably present. Identifies drums, saxophone, and flute as the most popular instruments. Notes a moderate relationship between student perceptions of…

Delzell, Judith K.; Leppla, David A.

1992-01-01

258

Description of Factors Related to the Grade Level Retention Rates of Elementary School African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the state of Georgia, African Americans represent 38% of the student population, yet they account for more than half of the grade level retentions each year (The Governor's Office of Student Achievement, 2009). The purpose of this study was to determine if relationships exist between the disproportionate retention rate of African American…

Linder, Rozlyn T.

2010-01-01

259

Increasing Constructive Behavior of Intermediate Grade Students through the Use of The Response Cost Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this research project was to increase constructive behavior of intermediate grade students through the use of the response cost strategy. Approximately 70 students participated in this study. Three teacher researchers conducted the research in an elementary school and two middle schools in different counties near a major…

Bauer, Heather; Burno, Carolyn; Millstone, Teresa

2009-01-01

260

Grade Retention: Is It a Help or Hindrance to Student Academic Success?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research indicates that while grade retention does not typically increase student performance, it is widely practiced in schools throughout the country. Arguments for retaining a child include immaturity, the belief that an extra year of schooling will produce successful academic outcomes, and failure to meet criteria for promotion. Those who oppose retention contend that it is not beneficial to students'

LISA J. BOWMAN

2005-01-01

261

Middle-Grade Predictors of Students’ Motivation and Behavior in High School  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated students’ school context, motivation, and behavior across the transition to high school. During the final marking period of 7th and 9th grades, students completed questionnaires assessing their academic self-concept and perceptions of the motivational context created by teachers, peers, and their economic opportunity structure. Achievement and discipline data were also collected at both time points. Ninth graders

Tamera B. Murdock; Lynley H. Anderman; Sheryl A. Hodge

2000-01-01

262

Pocket Power, Grades K-2. Teacher Guide [and] Student Storybook. Financial Fitness for Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developing financial fitness requires first developing a knowledge base and then applying it. This teacher guide and student storybook package focuses on personal finance skills for primary school students in grades K-2. The teacher guide contains 16 lessons divided into the 5 theme areas of earning an income, saving, spending, borrowing, and…

Hopkins, Martha C.; Wright, Donna K.

263

The Autonomy to Choose--The Case of Ninth-Grade Mathematics Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we explored the effects of providing ninth-grade students with the chance to take part in decision making concerning the mathematics level they would be assigned to in high school. Decisions concerned their self-competence regarding their mathematical abilities, their learning goals and the class atmosphere. The students were taught…

Lavy, Ilana; Zarfin, Orly

2013-01-01

264

Fourth-Grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Standards-Based Lunar Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourth-grade students' knowledge of observable moon phases and patterns of change, as well as conceptual understanding of the cause of moon phases, was investigated before and after special instruction. Pretest and post-test data for 48 students were used to address the research question related to observable moon phases and patterns of change.…

Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Atwood, Ronald K.; Christopher, John E.

2007-01-01

265

TIMSS Results of Dutch Grade 8 Students in International Perspective: Performance Assessment and Written Test.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the design of the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and results for Dutch students in grade 8. Presents these results in an international perspective and discusses differences between the results of these Dutch students on the written test (far above the international mean) and in the performance assessment…

Bos, Klaas; Kuiper, Wilmad; Plomp, Tjeerd

2001-01-01

266

Guided Inquiry Learning Unit on Aquatic Ecosystems for Seventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using mini-aquaria experiments, a learning unit on the effects of light period on aquatic ecosystems was developed for 7th grade students. This guided inquiry unit was aimed at helping students understand basic ecological principles involved in relationships among physical, chemical, and biological components in aquatic ecosystems. It involved…

To-im, Jongdee; Ruenwongsa, Pintip

2009-01-01

267

Physical Fitness and Academic Achievement in Third and Fifth-Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between physical fitness and academic achievement has received much attention owing to the increasing prevalence of children who are overweight and unfit, as well as the inescapable pressure on schools to produce students who meet academic standards. This study examined 259 public school students in third and fifth grades and found that field tests of physical fitness were

Darla M. Castelli; Charles H. Hillman; Sarah M. Buck; Heather E. Erwin

268

The Relationship between Physical Fitness and Academic Achievement in Ninth-Grade Students in Arkansas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose, scope, and method of study. The purpose of this study was to determine if and to what degree a relationship existed between physical fitness and the academic achievement of ninth-grade public school students in Arkansas. A sample of 152 students from four different schools participated in the study. The dependent variable was academic…

Hanna, Shellie Lyne

2009-01-01

269

Truth: Humanities Unit (Middle and Secondary Grade Levels). Programs for Gifted Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One in a series of instructional units designed for gifted students, this booklet describes a humanities unit for students in middle and secondary grades. The specific focus of the unit is on truth as it is perceived and expressed in philosophy, literature, art, music, drama, and the social sciences. The study of truth and its surrounding…

Abbott, Barbara; Kolman, Peter

270

Content Area Literacy: Individualizing Student Instruction in Second-Grade Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study describes a second-grade science curriculum designed to individualize student instruction (ISI-Science) so that students, regardless of initial science and literacy skills, gain science knowledge and reading skills. ISI-Science relies on the 5-E Learning Cycle as a framework and incorporates flexible, homogeneous, literacy skills-based…

Connor, Carol McDonald; Kaya, Sibel; Luck, Melissa; Toste, Jessica R.; Canto, Angela; Rice, Diana; Tani, Novell; Underwood, Phyllis S.

2010-01-01

271

Science Grade 7: A Search for Structure. (Teacher's Manual and 4 Student Manuals.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included in this set are the teacher's guide and the four student laboratory manuals for the seventh grade science program, "A Search For Structure." The program has three phases, each consisting of student-centered, investigative activities. There are two subject area options in phase one: option A, Rocks and Minerals; and option B, Insects. The…

Kolb, Haven, Ed.

272

Learning Climates for English Language Learners: A Case of Fourth-Grade Students in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates “learning climates” among fourth-grade students in an English-only school district in California. A student's learning climate is defined here as (a) a learner's perceptions of his or her own abilities and behaviors, as well as (b) the learner's perceptions of others' beliefs about his or her abilities and behaviors (or “externalized perceptions,” as we have termed this

Yuko Goto Butler; Michele Bousquet Gutiérrez

2003-01-01

273

Fourth-Grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Standards-Based Lunar Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Fourth-grade students' knowledge of observable moon phases and patterns of change, as well as conceptual understanding of the cause of moon phases, was investigated before and after special instruction. Pretest and post-test data for 48 students were used to address the research question related to observable moon phases and patterns of change.…

Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Atwood, Ronald K.; Christopher, John E.

2007-01-01

274

Grade 9 English Language Arts, Student Achievement Testing Program, 1985-86 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended for both teachers and students, this bulletin presents specific information about the design, parts, and scoring of the Grade 9 English Language Arts Achievement Test for the 1985-86 school year in Alberta, Canada. General information is presented regarding the (1) purpose and nature of the Achievement Testing Program (ATP), (2) students

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

275

The Importance of Homework in Determining Immigrant Students' Grades in Schools in the USA Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: While a significant body of research has addressed teachers' evaluations of mainstream English speaking students, there is a dearth of such research focusing on immigrant adolescents. As many immigrant students are in the process of acquiring English language proficiency, evaluating and assigning grades to immigrant youth can pose…

Bang, Hee Jin; Suarez-Orozco, Carola; Pakes, Juliana; O'Connor, Erin

2009-01-01

276

Using Multiple Representations to Promote Grade 11 Students' Scientific Understanding of the Particle Theory of Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored two groups of Grade 11 (age 16-17) students' conceptual understandings about aspects of particle theory before, immediately after, and 3 months after instruction with multiple representations (IMR) and instruction with verbal representations (IVR). Data sources included open-ended questionnaires, interviews, and student

Adadan, Emine

2013-01-01

277

Assessing Logo programming among Jordanian seventh grade students through turtle geometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study is concerned with assessing Logo programming experiences among seventh grade students. A formal multiple-choice test and five performance tasks were used to collect data. The results provided that students’ performance was better than the expected score by the probabilistic laws, and a very low correlation between their Logo programming performance and school mathematics achievement was revealed. Most

Amal A. Khasawneh

2009-01-01

278

The effect of basketball sport aerobics on basketball skill development for fifth-grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of an experimental teaching method, Sport Aerobics, on the basketball skill acquisition of fifth grade students. This study investigated the differences in the shooting, dribbling, and passing scores of students taught with Sport Aerobics instruction compared to those taught with a traditional method, Practice Style. Sport Aerobics is an instructional

William J. M Elizuk

2003-01-01

279

Thai Grade 10 and 11 Students' Conceptual Understanding and Ability to Solve Stoichiometry Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Stoichiometry and related concepts are an important part of student learning in chemistry. In this interpretive-based inquiry, we investigated Thai Grade 10 and 11 students' conceptual understanding and ability to solve numerical problems for stoichiometry-related concepts. Ninety-seven participants completed a purpose-designed survey instrument…

Dahsah, Chanyah; Coll, Richard K.

2007-01-01

280

An Exploratory Study of Face-to-Face and Cyberbullying in Sixth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a pilot study, sixth grade students (N = 124) completed a questionnaire assessing students' experience with bullying and cyberbullying, demographic information, quality of parent-child relationship, and ways they have dealt with bullying/cyberbullying in the past. Two multiple regression analyses were conducted. The multiple regression…

Accordino, Denise B.; Accordino, Michael P.

2011-01-01

281

Written Expression of Students with and without Learning Disabilities: Differences across the Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study compared the writing productivity, syntactic maturity, vocabulary, and mechanics of 48 learning-disabled and 48 normally achieving students in grades 4, 8, and 11. Learning-disabled students' written products were shorter, contained fewer sentences with more words per sentence, included fewer long words, and had more spelling and…

Houck, Cherry K.; Billingsley, Bonnie S.

1989-01-01

282

Evaluating Fifth- and Sixth-Grade Students' Expository Writing: Task Development, Scoring, and Psychometric Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Drawing from multiple theoretical frameworks representing cognitive and educational psychology, we present a writing task and scoring system for measurement of students' informative writing. Participants in this study were 72 fifth- and sixth-grade students who wrote compositions describing real-world problems and how mathematics, science, and…

Kulikowich, Jonna M.; Mason, Linda H.; Brown, Scott W.

2008-01-01

283

Grade Retention and Student Outcomes: Data from High School and Beyond.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Affective and academic outcomes of grade retention were studied using the High School and Beyond (HSB) data set--a large, nationally representative sample of students. More specifically, the study: compared the academic (achievement and educational attainment) and affective (educational aspirations) outcomes of retained and non-retained students,…

Marion, Scott F.; And Others

284

Reducing Test Anxiety and Improving Academic Performance in Fourth Grade Students: Exploring an Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This quantitative study investigated the effectiveness of a teacher-implemented intervention of eight sessions integrated into an existing curriculum to reduce test anxiety and improve academic performance in fourth grade students. The experimental group, n=23 was drawn from a sample of 64 students in a southwestern Rhode Island public school…

Donato, Jeanne M.

2009-01-01

285

Should Athletic Training Educators Utilize Grades When Evaluating Student Clinical Performance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To explore and address some of the challenges for assessing, interpreting, and grading athletic training students' clinical performance and to suggest athletic training educators consider using a more universal assessment method for professional consistency. Background: In years past students learned from teachers or mentors on an…

Scriber, Kent; Gray, Courtney; Millspaugh, Rose

2010-01-01

286

The Disposition of Eleventh-Grade Science Students Toward Critical Thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CCTDI) was used to assess the disposition of Israeli eleventh-grade science students toward critical thinking according to school type affiliate, scientific level, and gender. Our findings, strongly support (a) the establishment of a baseline reference for disposition toward critical thinking of high school science students; (b) the application of the CCTDI in the context

David Ben-Chaim; Salit Ron; Uri Zoller

2000-01-01

287

Evaluation of MAA Program for 4-6 Grade Students by Its Participants as Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The More Academically Able (MAA) class for students at the fourth to sixth grade levels of elementary school with I.Q.s higher than 120 had a significantly positive influence on its participants. Fifteen of the students involved were given a retrospective survey evaluating the program. The results showed the program as being beneficial.…

Huffman, Sondra

1983-01-01

288

Urban Seventh Grade Students: A Report of Health Risk Behaviors and Exposure to Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The health of adolescents and the adults they will become can be linked to the health-related behaviors they adopt as children. To replicate a pilot study with a more culturally diverse population a descriptive, correlational study was undertaken with 379 seventh grade students. Key findings from this study include (a) students exposed or involved…

Dowdell, Elizabeth Burgess

2012-01-01

289

Rethinking Exams and Letter Grades: How Much Can Teachers Delegate to Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article we report a 3-yr study of a large-enrollment Cell Biology course focused on developing student skill in scientific reasoning and data interpretation. Specifically, the study tested the hypothesis that converting the role of exams from summative grading devices to formative tools would increase student success in acquiring those…

Kitchen, Elizabeth; King, Summer H.; Robison, Diane F.; Sudweeks, Richard R.; Bradshaw, William S.; Bell, John D.

2006-01-01

290

A Report on the Science Summer Camp for the Gifted 9th Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A summer science camp was held in Korea for 30 ninth grade students gifted in science. Students were divided into three groups (physics, chemistry, and biology) for activities which included problem solving, brainstorming, and experimental work. The experiments of the physics group addressed the use of solar energy, the chemistry group focused on…

Kyeonggi Province Board of Education, Suweon (Republic of Korea).

291

Grade 9 English Language Arts, Student Achievement Testing Program, 1985-86 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for both teachers and students, this bulletin presents specific information about the design, parts, and scoring of the Grade 9 English Language Arts Achievement Test for the 1985-86 school year in Alberta, Canada. General information is presented regarding the (1) purpose and nature of the Achievement Testing Program (ATP), (2) students

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

292

Effects of Concept Cartoons on Mathematics Self-Efficacy of 7th Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of concept cartoons on the students' perception of their levels of self-efficacy towards mathematics. The research has been designed as the pre-test post-test with quasi experimental control group. The research participants are composed of 94 7th grade students attending an elementary school…

Sengul, Sare

2011-01-01

293

The Effectiveness of Web-Based Curricula on Seventh Grade Mathematics Students in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of using web-based curricula on seventh grade students' achievement in mathematics in King Abdullah School in Irbid, Jordan. The researcher followed the equivalent pre/post T-test two group designs. To achieve the aim of the study, a pre/post-test was constructed to measure students'…

Muhanna, Wafa

2012-01-01

294

Outstanding Literacy Instruction in First Grade: Teacher Practices and Student Achievement. Reading Research Report No. 81.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Classroom observations and in-depth interviews were used to study nine first-grade teachers who were nominated by language arts coordinators as being either outstanding or typical in their ability to help students develop the skills of beginning literacy. Based on observational measures of year-end student reading and writing achievement and on…

Wharton-McDonald, Ruth; And Others

295

Grade 10 Students' perceptions of and attitudes toward science teaching and school science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Grade 10 students' perceptions of classroom practices and activities, as well as their attitudes toward science teaching and school science, were assessed in the Westend School District (pseudonym) in British Columbia, using both quantitative (statistics of Likert-type scales) and qualitative (critical interpretive analysis of interview data) methods. The major findings of the study were that students do not appreciate the

Jazlin V. Ebenezer; Uri Zoller

1993-01-01

296

Thai Grade 10 and 11 Students' Understanding of Stoichiometry and Related Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research reported in this case study explores the understanding of stoichiometry and related concepts of Thai science students in grades 10 and 11 after major national curriculum reforms. Students' conceptions and alternative conceptions were investigated using a questionnaire--the "Stoichiometry Concept Questionnaire" (SCQ) (N = 97), which…

Dahsah, Chanyah; Coll, Richard Kevin

2008-01-01

297

Catch a Star Book! Responses of Fifth-Grade Students to Celebrity-Authored Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reader response theory and research on book interest underpinned a study of the appeal of celebrity-authored children's storybooks to elementary school students. We engaged fifth-grade students in selecting and reading from a set of 41 celebrity-authored books and completing reader response forms. Utilizing the survey research design and a…

Akrofi, Amma; Janisch, Carole; Button, Kathryn; Liu, Xiaoming

2010-01-01

298

Change in Student Beliefs about Attitudes toward Science in Grades 6-9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study reports on an investigation of the impact of a Science-Technology-Society (STS) approach in promoting more positive student attitudes toward science that are recommended by current reform documents. A total of 609 students from grades six through nine were selected for a survey of attitudes in two class sections assigned as either…

Akcay, Hakan; Yager, Robert E.; Iskander, Srini M.; Turgut, Halil

2010-01-01

299

Exploring the Relationship between Literacy Coaching and Student Reading Achievement in Grades K-1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored the relationship between literacy coaching and student reading achievement in grades K-1 in a school district that received a Reading First grant. The study analyzed how literacy coaches spent their time and explored the relationship between the amount and content of coaching and student reading achievement at the teacher…

Elish-Piper, Laurie; L'Allier, Susan K.

2010-01-01

300

Environmental Attitudes, Knowledge, and Behaviors of Missouri 6th- and 12th-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) produces various environmental materials for preschool, elementary, and secondary students and sponsors outdoor education programs. An MDC-sponsored survey of students in grades 6 and 12 found moderate levels of environmental knowledge, with weaknesses in the areas of biodiversity, wetlands, and…

Greene, Janice Schnake; Roddiger, Brian; Drysdale, Li'anne; Gray, Ginger; Merrigan, Colleen; Witter, Dan

2000-01-01

301

43 CFR 6.8 - Foreign filing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of the Interior PATENT REGULATIONS Inventions by Employees § 6.8 Foreign filing...assign the domestic patent rights in the invention to the Government, or where it...otherwise to seek protection abroad on the invention. (2) The Government's...

2011-10-01

302

43 CFR 6.8 - Foreign filing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of the Interior PATENT REGULATIONS Inventions by Employees § 6.8 Foreign filing...assign the domestic patent rights in the invention to the Government, or where it...otherwise to seek protection abroad on the invention. (2) The Government's...

2012-10-01

303

End of Course Grades and Standardized Test Scores: Are Grades Predictive of Student Achievement?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the extent to which end-of-course grades are predictive of Virginia Standards of Learning test scores in nine high school content areas. It also analyzed the impact of the variables school cluster attended, gender, ethnicity, disability status, Limited English Proficiency status, and socioeconomic status on the relationship…

Ricketts, Christine R.

2010-01-01

304

Developing Addition and Regrouping Competence among Second Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using the concrete-representational-abstract (CRA) teaching sequence with integrated strategy instruction for developing addition with regrouping competence among students with learning difficulties in mathematics. A total of 16 lessons were provided to 24 students during a…

Miller, Susan P.; Kaffar, Bradley J.

2011-01-01

305

Business as Usual? Not for These Middle-Grades Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A perpetual dilemma of schooling is how to help students develop skills needed for everyday life, including the work world. Quantitative literacy, also called numeracy, involves an ability to apply essential mathematics skills to authentic or near-authentic tasks. Carefully planned classroom activities can help students develop these important…

Crawford, Heather; Wiest, Lynda

2011-01-01

306

Primary-Grade Students' Knowledge and Thinking About Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

K-3 students were interviewed to elicit their knowledge and thinking (including misconceptions) about families, a major topic in primary social studies. Along with valid knowledge, the students displayed significant knowledge gaps and misconceptions about marriage, kinship relations, and family life in the past, in other cultures, and in urban vs.…

Brophy, Jere; Alleman, Janet

2005-01-01

307

Assessing Student Learning: Are Business Schools Making the Grade?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In April 2003, some standards regarding accreditation from the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) International changed. Under the 2003 standards, students had to demonstrate learning achievement; thus, the focus shifted from what teachers taught to what students learned. Survey data indicates that although progress has been made in meeting the new assurance of learning (AoL) standards, many

Kathryn Martell

2007-01-01

308

Medicine Use among Warsaw Ninth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Aim: This study examined the prevalence of medicine use for headache, stomachache, difficulties in getting to sleep, nervousness, depression and lack of energy among 15- to 16-year-old students; the relationship between medicine use and students' health status; and the relationship between medicine and nicotine, illegal drug, and alcohol use.…

Pisarska, Agnieszka; Ostaszewski, Krzysztof

2011-01-01

309

The Effect of Twitter on College Student Engagement and Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite the widespread use of social media by students and its increased use by instructors, very little empirical evidence is available concerning the impact of social media use on student learning and engagement. This paper describes our semester-long experimental study to determine if using Twitter--the microblogging and social networking…

Junco, R.; Heiberger, G.; Loken, E.

2011-01-01

310

Grade Expectations: How Marks and Education Policies Shape Students' Ambitions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While enrolment in tertiary education has increased dramatically over the past decades, many university-aged students do not enrol, nor do they expect to earn a university degree. While it is important to promote high expectations for further education, it is equally important to ensure that students' expectations are well-aligned with their…

OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2012

2012-01-01

311

Making the Grade: Academic Libraries and Student Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents analyses that look at the many factors that can impact student success, such as technological capability, diversity, and information literacy. The importance of libraries' partnership with other members of the higher education community in working toward a common goal of student success is also examined. Further, the book gives…

Kelly, Maurie Caitlin, Ed.; Kross, Andrea, Ed.

312

What are the understandings of fifth grade teachers about teaching the concept of chemical change to their students?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated seven fifth grade teachers who taught science classes in an intermediate school. The school had 18 fifth grade teachers, with ten of those teachers teaching the 18 classes of fifth grade science. Seven teachers who taught science to approximately 350 fifth grade students participated in the study. One goal of the study was to investigate whether the

Glenda L. Ogletree

313

Academic Freedom and Student Grading in Greek Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The issue of who has the final say on academic standards (grading), academics or managers, has hitherto not arisen in Greece. Professors entitled to research, to teach and to inquire is a freedom expressed by the Greek Constitution. This article presents a contemporary view and raises concerns about the future and the longevity of academic…

Papadimitriou, Antigoni

2011-01-01

314

An Evaluation of the Testing Effect with Third Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research shows that being tested after studying a set of material will improve recall of that material on a later test. While this effect has been shown to be robust in adults using both simple material, such as word lists, and complex texts, little research has been done looking at this effect in children. In the current study, third-grade

Chandra L. Brojde

315

Environmental Knowledge, Awareness and Concern Among 11th-Grade Students: New York State  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on a 1990–1991 study of 11th-grade students in New York State. The authors surveyed approximately 3,200 students from a sample of 30 secondary schools to assess levels of environmental knowledge, environmental awareness, and environmental concern. Independent variables included type of school, region of school, and the level and sex of students. Further, the authors controlled for reported

Kathryn Wald Hausbeck; Lester W. Milbrath; Sean M. Enright

1992-01-01

316

Perfectionism, Implicit Theories of Intelligence, and Taiwanese Eighth-Grade Students’ Academic Engagement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors attempted to examine how Taiwanese junior high school students’ perfectionistic tendencies and implicit theories of intelligence were related to their academic emotions and approach versus avoidance self-regulation, and to determine differences in contingent self-worth, emotions, and self-regulation among students with different subtypes of perfectionism. A total of 481 8th-grade Taiwanese students completed a self-reported survey assessing their perfectionistic

Shu-Shen Shih

2011-01-01

317

Concept Mapping in Science Class: A Case Study of Fifth Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research project was to determine the effects of incorporating concept mapping on the achievement of fifth grade students in science class. The study was conducted with twenty-three students at Ata Elementary School, Trabzon, Turkey. The students were tested with teacher-constructed pre- and post tests containing 20 multiple-choice questions. The pupils in the experimental and control groups

Askin Asan

2007-01-01

318

Introducing 9-12 grade students to electrical engineering technology through hands-on laboratory experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

At Penn State Erie, The Behrend College, an outreach project has been designed and implemented to provide 9th through 12th grade students with electrical engineering technology (EET) experiences. The high school students are brought onto the college campus and given a ten-minute presentation on the EET program and career opportunities. The students then participate individually in two thirty-minute hands-on laboratory

Kevin Torres; David Loker; Robert Weissbach

2001-01-01

319

The Effect of Teaching Approach on Third-Grade Students' Response to Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined effects of teaching approaches on students' responses to three picture books. One hundred and twenty third-grade students were randomly assigned to treatments: literary analysis, literary experience, and no discussion. The literary-analysis approach focused on identifying and critiquing literary elements; the literary-experience approach centered on having students live through and react to the storyline. Teaching approach affected the

Joyce E. Many; Donna L. Wiseman

1992-01-01

320

Thai Grade 11 students' alternative conceptions for acid-base chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study involved the development of a two?tier diagnostic instrument to assess Thai high school students’ understanding of acid–base chemistry. The acid–base diagnostic test (ABDT) comprising 18 items was administered to 55 Grade 11 students in a science and mathematics programme during the second semester of the 2008 academic year. Analysis of students’ responses from this study followed the methodology

Romklao Artdej; Thasaneeya Ratanaroutai; Richard Kevin Coll; Tienthong Thongpanchang

2010-01-01

321

Acids and Bases: The Appropriation of The Arrhenius Model by Tunisian Grade 10 Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work, we propose to identify the knowledge that Tunisian grade 10 students build up concerning acids and bases. Thus,\\u000a after learning, we have proceeded by giving a paper and pencil task to students of two levels of teaching. The results obtained\\u000a allow us to say that the assimilated knowledge is transitory; that the students have a worse perception

Latifa Ouertatani; Alain Dumon; Malika Ayadi Trabelsi; Mohamed Soudani

2007-01-01

322

Influences of Math Tracking on Seventh-Grade Students' Self-Beliefs and Social Comparisons  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examined how math track placement and gender affected 7th-grade students' self-esteem, self-concepts, and social comparisons. Participants were 170 students who completed surveys that assessed their self-esteem, academic self-concepts of ability, and the kinds of social comparisons they make. Results showed that higher track students had significantly higher ability self-concepts in math and school. Math track did not influence

Donna Chiu; Yodit Beru; Erin Watley; Selam Wubu; Emma Simson; Robin Kessinger; Anahi Rivera; Patrick Schmidlein; Allan Wigfield

2008-01-01

323

Gender and Grade Level Differences in Taiwan Students' Stereotypes of Science and Scientists  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to explore student?held images of science and scientists according to gender and grade level and the reasons behind them. A drawing activity and interviews?about?instance on the theme of science and scientists were administered to a total of 297 students (153 male and 144 female students) from three elementary and three middle schools in Taiwan.

1998-01-01

324

The Effect of Seat Location on Exam Grades and Student Perceptions in an Introductory Biology Class  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The effect of seat location on learning has received surprisingly little attention in education literature (Weinstein 1979). Classroom experience and education literature suggest that students who sit in the front of a lecture hall are more likely to get As than students in the back (Benedict and Hoag 2004; Holliman and Anderson 1986; Pedersen 1994). The explanation may seem obvious--front-row students get better grades because they are better students. An experiment shows that sitting in the back of a lecture hall rather than the front does not have a detrimental effect on student performance on exams.

Taper, Mark L.; Kalinowki, Steven

2007-01-01

325

Grading student problem solutions: The challenge of sending a consistent message  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Grading sends a direct message to students about what is expected in class. However, often there is a gap between the assigned grade and the goals of the instructor. In an interview study of faculty teaching calculus-based introductory physics, we verified that this gap exists and identified three themes that appear to shape grading decisions: (1) a desire to see student reasoning, (2) a reluctance to deduct points from a student solution that might be correct, and (3) a tendency to project correct thought processes onto a student solution. When all three themes were expressed by an instructor, the resulting conflict was resolved by placing the burden of proof on either the instructor or the student. The weighting of the themes with the burden of proof criterion explains our finding that although almost all instructors reported telling students to show their reasoning in problem solutions, about half graded problem solutions in a way that would likely discourage students from showing this reasoning.

Henderson, Charles; Yerushalmi, Edit; Kuo, Vince H.; Heller, Patricia; Heller, Kenneth

2004-02-01

326

An Investigation of Play: From the Voices of Fifth- and Sixth-Grade Talented and Gifted Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the concept of play through the eyes of talented and gifted (TAG) fifth- and sixth-grade students. Three focus groups consisting of fifth- and sixth-grade TAG students were conducted in one urban, one suburban, and one rural school district in the Midwest. Students were asked to describe the value of play…

Beisser, Sally Rapp; Gillespie, Catherine Wilson; Thacker, Valerie Marsh

2013-01-01

327

The Effects of Background Music in the Classroom on the Productivity, Motivation, and Behavior of Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students in a fourth grade classroom at Logan Elementary School are expressing numerous types of negative behaviors, are not motivated to learn, and do not stay on-task. In an effort to change these students, an action research study was conducted that implemented background music in the classroom. There were ten fourth grade students who…

White, Kevin N.

2007-01-01

328

Technical Adequacy of Early Numeracy Curriculum-Based Progress Monitoring Measures for Kindergarten and First-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine six early numeracy measures used to monitor the mathematics progress of kindergarten and first-grade students. Seventy-one kindergarten students and 75 first-grade students were administered the measures each week. Delayed-alternate form reliability was adequate for instructional decision making on some…

Hampton, David D.; Lembke, Erica S.; Lee, Young-Sun; Pappas, Sandra; Chiong, Cynthia; Ginsburg, Herbert P.

2012-01-01

329

A comparison of concrete and formal science instruction upon science achievement and reasoning ability of sixth grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several recent studies suggest concrete learners make greater gains in student achievement and in cognitive development when receiving concrete instruction than when receiving formal instruction. This study examined the effect of concrete and formal instruction upon reasoning and science achievement of sixth grade students. Four intact classes of sixth grade students were randomly selected into two treatment groups; concrete and

Walter L. Saunders; Daniel Shepardson

1987-01-01

330

An Investigation of Play: From the Voices of Fifth- and Sixth-Grade Talented and Gifted Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to explore the concept of play through the eyes of talented and gifted (TAG) fifth- and sixth-grade students. Three focus groups consisting of fifth- and sixth-grade TAG students were conducted in one urban, one suburban, and one rural school district in the Midwest. Students were asked to describe the value of play…

Beisser, Sally Rapp; Gillespie, Catherine Wilson; Thacker, Valerie Marsh

2013-01-01

331

Sixth-Grade Students' Views of the Nature of Engineering and Images of Engineers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the views of the nature of engineering held by 6th-grade students to provide a baseline upon which activities or curriculum materials might be developed to introduce middle-school students to the work of engineers and the process of engineering design. A phenomenographic framework was used to guide the analysis of data collected from: (1) a series of 20 semi-structured interviews with 6th-grade students, (2) drawings created by these students of "an engineer or engineers at work" that were discussed during the interviews, and (3) field notes collected by the researchers during the interviews. The 6th-grade students tended to believe that engineers were individuals who make or build products, although some students understood the role of engineers in the design or planning of products, and, to a lesser extent in testing products to ensure that they "work" and/or are safe to use. The combination of drawings of "engineers or engineering at work" and individual interviews provided more insight into the students' views of the nature of engineering than either source of data would have offered on its own. Analysis of the data suggested that the students' concepts of engineers and engineering were fragile, or unstable, and likely to change within the time frame of the interview.

Karatas, Faik O.; Micklos, Amy; Bodner, George M.

2011-04-01

332

Sixth-Grade Students' Views of the Nature of Engineering and Images of Engineers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the views of the nature of engineering held by 6th-grade students to provide a baseline upon which activities or curriculum materials might be developed to introduce middle-school students to the work of engineers and the process of engineering design. A phenomenographic framework was used to guide the analysis of data collected from: (1) a series of 20 semi-structured interviews with 6th-grade students, (2) drawings created by these students of “an engineer or engineers at work” that were discussed during the interviews, and (3) field notes collected by the researchers during the interviews. The 6th-grade students tended to believe that engineers were individuals who make or build products, although some students understood the role of engineers in the design or planning of products, and, to a lesser extent in testing products to ensure that they “work” and/or are safe to use. The combination of drawings of “engineers or engineering at work” and individual interviews provided more insight into the students’ views of the nature of engineering than either source of data would have offered on its own. Analysis of the data suggested that the students’ concepts of engineers and engineering were fragile, or unstable, and likely to change within the time frame of the interview.

Karatas, Faik O.; Micklos, Amy; Bodner, George M.

2010-07-01

333

Exploring how experience with planning impacts first grade students' planning and solutions to engineering design problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation presents research that investigated how first grade students' ability to construct solutions and to plan through drawing for engineering design problems is related to their participation in a LEGO-based engineering curriculum with two variations on the instruction for planning. The quasi-experimental design engaged two first grade classrooms in an urban K-6 Science and Technology elementary school outside of

Merredith D. Portsmore

2010-01-01

334

Teen peer educators and diabetes knowledge of low-income fifth grade students.  

PubMed

The current study was designed to evaluate a unique adolescent peer type 2 diabetes mellitus (Type 2 DM) prevention training program for fifth grade children. Peer educators were 22 high school students who participated in the Elementary Institute of Science's Commission on Science that Matters, a year-long program promoting active participation in the health and environmental sciences. Peer education was delivered in the form of a two hour health fair. A knowledge survey was given to fifth grade students in the classroom before the health fair began and then again in the classroom after the health fair. Fifth grade students were able to correctly identify Type 1 DM (23 vs. 40%; P < .01), Type 2 DM (21 vs. 52%; P < .001), and the signs of diabetes (10 vs. 39%; P < .001) after the health fair. This approach could be inexpensively integrated into any community-based health promotion with children and adolescents. PMID:20496001

Coleman, Karen J; Clark, Andrea Yoder; Shordon, Maggie; Ocana, Leticia L; Walker, Chris; Araujo, Rachel A; Oratowski-Coleman, Jesica; Philis-Tsimikas, Athena

2011-02-01

335

Student Personality Type versus Grading Procedures in Intermediate Accounting Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The personality preferences and temperaments of 82 intermediate accounting students were identified by the Myers Briggs Type Indicator and Keirsey Temperament Sorter. Relationships were found between personality variables and the number of class absences, class participation, and the performance in homework and problems on the final examination.…

Lawrence, Robyn; Taylor, Larry W.

2000-01-01

336

Investigating the scientific creativity of fifth-grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research on the scientific creativity of children has been limited. The most salient limitations of previous literature have been: (a) narrowness of theoretical frameworks, (b) limitedness in using a variety of science process skills, (c) ignorance of the gender differences in scientific creativity, and (d) ignorance of elementary school students. The purpose of this study was to develop and

Ahmed Mohamed

2006-01-01

337

The Erroneous Derivative Examples of Eleventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The derivative is not only an important subject for mathematics but also is an important subject for engineering, physics, economy, chemistry, and statistics. Especially, mathematics depends on strongly preceding learning and the subject of derivative will be used in university education by all students. Therefore, it is one of the most important…

Gur, Hulya; Barak, Basak

2007-01-01

338

Indicators of Multiplicative Reasoning among Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students encounter difficulty in their transition to advanced mathematical thinking. Such difficulty may be explained by a lack of understanding of many concepts taught in early school years, especially multiplicative reasoning. Advanced mathematical thinking depends on the development of multiplicative reasoning. The purpose of this study…

Carrier, James A.

2010-01-01

339

Introduction to Marketing for 9th Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to enable students to develop knowledge of personal strengths and weaknesses and to be able to understand the relationship of these characteristics to educational and vocational choices, this guide presents an introductory program on vocations using a thematic interdisciplinary approach to career awareness. It is suggested that the…

Krotosky, Paul; Johnson, Jeannie G.

340

Comparing the Reading Behaviors in Three Groups of First Grade Students--Students Who Discontinued from Reading Recovery, Students Who Did Not Discontinue from Reading Recovery, and Students Who Never Needed Reading Recovery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to compare the variety, complexity, and frequency of reading behaviors of three groups of first grade students--students who discontinued from Reading Recovery (D-RR), students who did not discontinue from Reading Recovery (ND-RR), and students who never needed Reading Recovery (A-NRR). Students were asked to read…

Greaney, Sharon

2010-01-01

341

Using Multiple Representations to Promote Grade 11 Students' Scientific Understanding of the Particle Theory of Matter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study explored two groups of Grade 11 (age 16-17) students' conceptual understandings about aspects of particle theory before, immediately after, and 3 months after instruction with multiple representations (IMR) and instruction with verbal representations (IVR). Data sources included open-ended questionnaires, interviews, and student artifacts. The data were analyzed using statistical and descriptive methods to compare the extent of change and persistence in the IMR and IVR students' conceptual understandings of particle theory. The results indicated that the students held similar, but poor understandings of particle theory prior to any instruction. After instruction, the IMR students outperformed the IVR students in terms of developing scientific understandings about each aspect of particle theory and maintaining such understandings over a period of time. The results demonstrated that carefully designed instruction using multiple representations can be very efficacious in promoting and maintaining students' scientific understanding.

Adadan, Emine

2013-06-01

342

A Mixed-Grade Engineering Course for High School Students: Student Interactions and Understanding of Engineering Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding of the engineering design process was examined for mixed grade (9-12) high school introductory engineering classes. The classes consisted of videos on engineering, guest speakers, internet research on engineering careers, and hands-on design projects. Student interactions were analyzed with classroom observations, video recordings, and interviews and showed there was a significant effect of maturity on learning. Change in understanding

Dale Baker; Senay Yasar; Sibel Uysal; Sharon Robinson-Kurpius; Steve Krause; Chell Roberts

2006-01-01

343

The Effects of Matching Instructional Strategy with Selected Student Characteristics on Ninth Grade Physical Science Students' Attitudes and Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A matching model of instruction on independent variables of need level, cognitive style, and locus of control resulted in improved attitude toward science in general for ninth-grade physical science students (N=574). Although achievement and other attitudes did not improve, empirical evidence suggests some matching is better than none. (DH)

Trout, John S.; Crawley, Frank E.

1985-01-01

344

Using food as a tool to teach science to 3rd grade students in Appalachian Ohio  

PubMed Central

The Food, Math, and Science Teaching Enhancement Resource (FoodMASTER) Initiative is a compilation of programs aimed at using food as a tool to teach mathematics and science. In 2007–2008, a foods curriculum developed by professionals in nutrition and education was implemented in 10 3rd-grade classrooms in Appalachian Ohio; teachers in these classrooms implemented 45 hands-on foods activities that covered 10 food topics. Subjects included measurement; food safety; vegetables; fruits; milk and cheese; meat, poultry, and fish; eggs; fats; grains; and meal management. Students in four other classrooms served as the control group. Mainstream 3rd-grade students were targeted because of their receptiveness to the subject matter, science standards for upper elementary grades, and testing that the students would undergo in 4th grade. Teachers and students alike reported that the hands-on FoodMASTER curriculum experience was worthwhile and enjoyable. Our initial classroom observation indicated that the majority of students, girls and boys included, were very excited about the activities, became increasingly interested in the subject matter of food, and were able to conduct scientific observations.

Duffrin, Melani W.; Hovland, Jana; Carraway-Stage, Virginia; McLeod, Sara; Duffrin, Christopher; Phillips, Sharon; Rivera, David; Saum, Diana; Johanson, George; Graham, Annette; Lee, Tammy; Bosse, Michael; Berryman, Darlene

2010-01-01

345

Effects of a health-promotion programme in sixth grade German students' physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to assess the effects of a school-based health-promotion programme in physical education (PE) on sixth grade German students' motor performance, BMI and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). In a quasi-experimental design, 516 students (54.7% girls) were assigned to either the intervention group (IG) that received eight 90-minute health-promoting PE lessons or the control group

Oliver Höner; Yolanda Demetriou

2012-01-01

346

A contemporary science and engineering education program for 8th and 9th grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a 5-day science and engineering education program for 8th and 9th grade students, held at Penn State Altoona in August 1997. The objectives of this program were (a) to create a vision of science and engineering that is process-oriented, motivational, exploratory, and encourages problem solving, and (b) to impart students tools which would be helpful to them

S. Anwar

1998-01-01

347

Attitudes of eighth-grade honors students toward the conceptual change methods of teaching science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study researched the attitude of eighth grade honors science students toward the steps of the conceptual change teaching method. The attitudes of 25 students in an honors 8th grade science class in the Greater Phoenix metropolitan area were assessed using a multi-method approach. A quantitative method (student survey) and a qualitative method (focus group) were triangulated for convergence. Since conceptual change is a relatively new reform teaching modality, the study assessed students' attitudes utilizing this method. Conceptual change teaching is characterized by connections between concepts and facts which are organized around key ideas. Knowledge connected through concepts is constantly revised and edited by students as they continue to learn and add new concepts. The results of this study produced evidence that the conceptual change method of teaching science and its six process steps have qualities that foster positive student attitude. The study demonstrated that students' attitudes toward science is positively influenced through the conceptual change teaching method by enabling students to: (1) choose problems and find solutions to those problems (student directed); (2) work together in large and small groups; (3) learn through student oral presentations; (4) perform hands-on laboratory experiences; (5) learn through conceptual understanding not memorization; (6) implement higher order learning skills to make connections from the lab to the real world. Teachers can use the information in the study to become aware of the positive and negative attitudes of students taught with the conceptual change method. Even if the conceptual change teaching strategy is not the modality utilized by an educator, the factors identified by this study that affect student attitude could be used to help a teacher design lesson plans that help foster positive student attitudes.

Heide, Clifford Lee

348

Effectiveness of a Co-Taught Handwriting Program For First Grade Students.  

PubMed

ABSTRACT Our study examined the effects of Write Start, a classroom-embedded handwriting/writing program on handwriting and writing fluency for first grade students, co-taught by occupational therapists and teachers. Two first grade classrooms received the Write Start and two received standard handwriting instruction. This co-taught program included specific feedback during handwriting practice, small group activities, student self-evaluation, and peer supports. The students were evaluated on handwriting legibility, fluency, and written expression at baseline, immediately after the program, and 6 months later. When performance was compared between the two groups, the students in the Write Start program improved significantly more in legibility (d = .57) and fluency (d = .75) than students who received standard instruction. Gains in handwriting speed (d = .18), average legibility (d = .26), and written expression (d = .25) did not differ significantly between the two groups. A co-taught, inclusive handwriting/writing program can promote first grade students' achievement of lower case legibility and writing fluency. PMID:23607325

Case-Smith, Jane; Holland, Terri; White, Susan

2013-04-23

349

Testing the Efficacy of INSIGHTS on Student Disruptive Behavior, Classroom Management, and Student Competence in Inner City Primary Grades.  

PubMed

A prevention trial tested the efficacy of INSIGHTS into Children's Temperament as compared to a Read Aloud attention control condition in reducing student disruptive behavior and enhancing student competence and teacher classroom management. Participants included 116 first and second grade students, their parents, and their 42 teachers in six inner city schools. Teachers completed the Sutter-Eyberg Student Behavior Inventory (SESBI) and the Teacher's Rating Scale of Child's Actual Competence and Social Acceptance (TRS) at baseline and again upon completion of the intervention. Boys participating in INSIGHTS, compared with those in the Read Aloud program, showed a significant decline in attentional difficulties and overt aggression toward others. Teachers in INSIGHTS, compared to those in the attention control condition, reported significantly fewer problems managing the emotional-oppositional behavior, attentional difficulties, and covert disruptive behavior of their male students. They also perceived the boys as significantly more cognitively and physically competent. PMID:20234765

McClowry, Sandra Graham; Snow, David L; Tamis-Lemonda, Catherine S; Rodriguez, Eileen T

2009-12-31

350

ENERGY, A SCIENCE UNIT FOR THE UPPER ELEMENTARY GRADES, STUDENT MANUAL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|PREPARED UNDER THE SPONSORSHIP OF THE SCIENCE CURRICULUM IMPROVEMENT STUDY, THIS TRIAL EDITION OF A STUDENT MANUAL FOR A UNIT ON ENERGY IS INTENDED FOR USE AT THE FIFTH AND SIXTH GRADE LEVELS. IT IS DESIGNED ESSENTIALLY AROUND PUPIL-CENTERED ACTIVITIES WHICH REQUIRE BOTH QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE OBSERVATIONS. THE ACTIVITIES IN PART I INVOLVE…

DAVIS, JOSEPH; AND OTHERS

351

Using Concept Mapping To Aid African American Students' Understanding in Middle Grade Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined the effectiveness of concept mapping on the science achievement of African American middle grades science students distributed into eight different classes by ability level. Results of this quasi, non-randomized, control-treatment group, pretest-posttest study found no significant overall effects of treatment on science achievement.…

Snead, Donald; Young, Barbara

2003-01-01

352

Attitudes toward Chemistry among 11th Grade Students in High Schools in Greece  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of valid and reliable instruments for attitudes' measurement has been proven crucial for the quality of research. This study is dealing with the development and validation of an attitude toward chemistry instrument. By using this instrument, 11th grade Greek students' attitudes regarding the difficulty, the interest, the usefulness…

Salta, Katerina; Tzougraki, Chryssa

2004-01-01

353

Family Influence: Key to Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among Fourth- and Fifth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To assess social and familial environmental influences on fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption of fourth- and fifth-graders living in a culturally diverse, urban setting. Design: In 2006, students from 9 fourth- and fifth-grade classrooms from a public school in the Washington-Baltimore Metropolitan Region were recruited as part of the…

Gross, Susan M.; Pollock, Elizabeth Davenport; Braun, Bonnie

2010-01-01

354

Self-Efficacy for AIDS Preventive Behaviors among Tenth Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

To guide acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) prevention program planning, 181 tenth grade students residing in or near an AIDS epicenter completed a survey measuring past year involvement in sexual intercourse and condom use, beliefs about self-efficacy for AIDS preventive behaviors, and beliefs about susceptibility to and severity of AIDS, and outcome efficacy of AIDS preventive actions. A degree of uncertainty

Stephanie Kasen; Roger D. Vaughan; Heather J. Walter

1992-01-01

355

Identification of Learning Disabled Students: Diagnosing in the Preschool and Primary Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Principles of the identification of learning disabled students in the preschool and primary grades are discussed in terms of parent and teacher observation, mass screening, and interdisciplinary diagnosis involving medical, psychological, speech and language, and educational assessments. Also included is a rating scale to evaluate auditory,…

Mc Govern, Jill E.

356

Enhancing Mathematical Problem Solving Among Third-Grade Students With Schema-Based Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to assess the effects of schema-based instruction (SBI) in promoting mathematical problem solving and to investigate schema induction as a mechanism in the development of mathematical problem solving. Twenty-four 3rd-grade teachers, with 366 students, were assigned randomly to conditions that provided instruction on…

Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Prentice, Karin; Hamlett, Carol L.; Finelli, Robin; Courey, Susan J.

2004-01-01

357

Anxiety and Instruction Effects on Sixth-Grade Students in a Testing Situation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigates the relationships of anxiety levels and instruction effects in a creativity-testing situation with sixth-grade students. Results of analysis of variance indicated that anxiety is negatively related to creativity test scores. It is interesting that there is no instruction effect and that the anxiety-instruction interaction is not…

Trentham, Landa L.

1979-01-01

358

Improving Social Behavior of Fifth through Eighth Grade Students through Curriculum Intervention and Teaching Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A social skills training program for improving student behavior in art and music classes and in unstructured situations was developed and implemented during the second quarter of the 1993-1994 school year in two schools in Elgin, Illinois. The targeted classes included grades six through eight at St. Laurence School (part of the Rockford Catholic…

Jensen, Phyllis; And Others

359

Examining Student Engagement and Authority: Developing Learning Relationships in the Middle Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fostering engaged learning for middle grades students is a significant challenge for teachers everywhere, and in some jurisdictions, it has even become a government priority. As one might expect, this policy has raised broader questions about what teachers' actually mean when they talk about engagement and whether or not these criteria are, in…

Dooner, Anne-Marie; Mandzuk, David; Obendoerfer, Peter; Babiuk, Gary; Cerqueira-Vassallo, Gina; Force, Verland; Vermette, Michelle; Roy, Darren

2010-01-01

360

Six fifth grade students experiences participating in active gaming during physical education classes  

Microsoft Academic Search

As technology and sedentary lifestyles have become an integral part of children's lives, so too has the prevalence of childhood obesity. Although video games are often associated with influencing sedentary behaviors, active gaming is a new genre that requires children to become physically active while playing the games. In this inquiry I explored six fifth grade students' experiences participating in

Lisa Witherspoon Hansen

2009-01-01

361

A study of the occupational interests of high-school students in terms of grade placement  

Microsoft Academic Search

A vocational preference inventory was given to 1,995 high school students. Between grades 9 and 12 there was little change in the rank order, for percentage chosen, of the most favored occupations; but among fields selected less often, there was a gain in the number of expressed preferences for nonprofessional work. This tendency, which was more marked among the boys

E. Roeber; S. Garfield

1943-01-01

362

Effects of a Tier 2 Supplemental Reading Intervention for At-Risk Fourth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated a Tier 2 intervention in the context of a response-to-intervention (RTI) model for 123 fourth-grade students identified as having a high probability of reading failure. A randomized control trial was used to evaluate the effects of a 24-session multicomponent supplemental intervention targeting fluency and expository…

Ritchey, Kristen D.; Silverman, Rebecca D.; Montanaro, Elizabeth A.; Speece, Deborah L.; Schatschneider, Christopher

2012-01-01

363

Sixth grade students' perceptions of science and scientists following a field-based science investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to better understand the influences of field-based investigations on sixth graders' perceptions of science and scientists. I chose to do this study due to my desire for middle grade students to have the opportunity to learn science as scientists, to increase their interest in science, and to create a positive attitude about science at

Terrie Leigh Kielborn

2001-01-01

364

An Investigation of Mathematics Anxiety among Sixth through Eighth Grade Students in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study is to investigate mathematics anxiety among 220 sixth through eighth grade Turkish students in terms of mathematics achievement levels, perceived enjoyment of the mathematics teaching method, perceived enjoyment of mathematics, and perceived help with mathematics from parents. The Mathematics Anxiety Scale for…

Birgin, Osman; Baloglu, Mustafa; Catlioglu, Hakan; Gurbuz, Ramazan

2010-01-01

365

Exploring How Experience with Planning Impacts First Grade Students' Planning and Solutions to Engineering Design Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This dissertation presents research that investigated how first grade students' ability to construct solutions and to plan through drawing for engineering design problems is related to their participation in a LEGO-based engineering curriculum with two variations on the instruction for planning. The quasi-experimental design engaged two first…

Portsmore, Merredith D.

2010-01-01

366

Increasing English Language Skills for Fourth and Fifth Grade ESOL Students through Television Ads and Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A practicum was undertaken to improve second language acquisition and critical thinking skills in a fourth and fifth grade English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) class in a Spanish-speaking low socioeconomic neighborhood. Students there were not exposed to English except during school hours, and they were taking 4 or 5 years to become…

Stephens, Ofelia

367

Relationship of Age, Marital Status, and Work Experience of Community College Nursing Students to Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To investigate differences in academic success due to age (younger or older than age 23), marital status, and nursing experience, a three-way analysis of variance was performed on the grade point averages of 1,435 female nursing students enrolled in 22 Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) programs in Illinois. The sample, representing over 90 percent…

Frerichs, Marian L.

368

Thematic preorganizers and the reading comprehension of tenth?grade world literature students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to investigate the effects which thematic preorganizers might have on secondary students’ comprehension of prose fiction, the authors gave specially prepared organizers to tenth?grade experimental group subjects before they read each of six short stories selected from commercial anthologies. Control group subjects read the stories without benefit of the organizers. The investigation demonstrated that thematic preorganizers did not

Terry C. Ley

1991-01-01

369

Transfer of a Listening Comprehension Strategy to Independent Reading in First-Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Instruction in narrative text structure on first graders' listening and reading comprehension was examined with a view to documenting strategy instruction and transfer of learning in beginning readers. Of interest was whether or not first-grade students (n=35) would, following instruction within the context of listening to stories, gain in listening comprehension and transfer this knowledge to support reading comprehension. A

Joanna K. Garner; Cynthia R. Bochna

2004-01-01

370

TV Viewing Habits, Family Rules, and Reading Grades of Gifted and Nongifted Middle School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine whether gifted and nongifted middle school students differ in TV viewing habits, family rules, TV heroes/heroines, programming preferences, violence, grades in reading, bedtime hours, out-of-school lessons and hobbies, and ownership and use of TV sets and computers. Subjects were matched pairs of 130…

Roderick, Juanita; Jackson, Patricia

371

An Investigation of Fifth and Eighth Grade Korean Students' Misconceptions of Photosynthesis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many researchers believe that prior knowledge is the single most important variable influencing learning. Learning in the classroom is determined or affected positively or negatively, to some degree, by the knowledge people bring to the classroom. This study was designed to: (1) assess fifth- and eighth-grade Korean students' misconceptions of…

Cho, Jung-il

372

Examining Student Engagement and Authority: Developing Learning Relationships in the Middle Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Fostering engaged learning for middle grades students is a significant challenge for teachers everywhere, and in some jurisdictions, it has even become a government priority. As one might expect, this policy has raised broader questions about what teachers' actually mean when they talk about engagement and whether or not these criteria are, in…

Dooner, Anne-Marie; Mandzuk, David; Obendoerfer, Peter; Babiuk, Gary; Cerqueira-Vassallo, Gina; Force, Verland; Vermette, Michelle; Roy, Darren

2010-01-01

373

Methods of Upbringing of Upper-Grade Students in the Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Asserts that educational researchers have not paid enough attention to issues and problems related to parenting adolescents. Reports on a study of 300 Russian parents and 300 upper-grade students from both rural and urban environments. Summarizes those parenting skills and family practices that appear to be effective. (CFR)|

Monakhov, N. I.

1993-01-01

374

Helping Students with Moderate and Severe Intellectual Disability Access Grade-Level Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teaching students with moderate and severe intellectual disability who are early readers or nonreaders to engage with grade-level text is challenging. For this reason, purposeful thought must be given to promoting text accessibility and teaching text comprehension. Whenever possible, text should be used as it is originally written without…

Hudson, Melissa E.; Browder, Diane; Wakeman, Shawnee

2013-01-01

375

The Emergent Charter School Model for Ninth Grade Mildly Disabled United States Students: Extending to Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An ethnographic, descriptive research methodology was used to explore the service delivery of three U.S. charter schools (one independent and two dependent secondary public charter schools) in Southern New England, United States as they relate to grade nine mildly disabled special needs students. Field research was also conducted in Costa Rica and…

Vincent, Emmanuel Teah

2009-01-01

376

Predictors of Reading Skills for Kindergartners and First Grade Students in Spanish: A Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated predictors of word reading and reading comprehension skills using longitudinal data from Spanish-speaking kindergartners (N = 163) and first grade students (N = 305) from high SES families in Chile. Individual differences in letter-naming fluency and phonemic segmentation fluency, but not vocabulary, were positive…

Kim, Young-Suk; Pallante, Daniel

2012-01-01

377

Accelerated Mathematics and High-Ability Students' Math Achievement in Grades Three and Four  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the use of a computer-managed integrated learning system entitled Accelerated Math (AM) as a supplement to traditional mathematics instruction on achievement as measured by TerraNova achievement tests of third and fourth grade high-ability students. Gender, socioeconomic status,…

Stanley, Ashley M.

2011-01-01

378

An Investigation of Fifth and Eighth Grade Korean Students' Misconceptions of Photosynthesis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many researchers believe that prior knowledge is the single most important variable influencing learning. Learning in the classroom is determined or affected positively or negatively, to some degree, by the knowledge people bring to the classroom. This study was designed to: (1) assess fifth- and eighth-grade Korean students' misconceptions of…

Cho, Jung-il

379

The Emergent Charter School Model for Ninth Grade Mildly Disabled United States Students: Extending to Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An ethnographic, descriptive research methodology was used to explore the service delivery of three U.S. charter schools (one independent and two dependent secondary public charter schools) in Southern New England, United States as they relate to grade nine mildly disabled special needs students. Field research was also conducted in Costa Rica…

Vincent, Emmanuel Teah

2009-01-01

380

Supporting the Language Development of Limited English Proficient Students through Arts Integration in the Primary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article looks at how arts integration can boost the language development of limited English proficient students in kindergarten through second grade. I first review existing research on how young children learn and describe the special challenges faced by children who must learn in an unfamiliar language. I then identify arts-based…

Brouillette, Liane

2012-01-01

381

The Effect of Computer Programming Experiences on Student Problem Solving Behaviors in Eighth Grade Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the study was to investigate problem-solving performance with regard to non-routine problem experiences in which the computer and flow charts were used as aids. Performance data were collected using an investigator-constructed posttest. Sixty-eight eighth grade students were partitioned into four treatment groups: G1 used neither…

Foster, Thomas Edward

382

Evaluation of a School-Based Sex Education Programme Delivered to Grade Nine Students in Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The effectiveness of a multidimensional Canadian sex education programme was evaluated using 240 Grade Nine students. The intervention was offered by representatives from various community groups and involved instructional classes on anatomy/physiology of the reproductive system and sexually transmitted infections, a video and group discussion on…

Smylie, Lisa; Maticka-Tyndale, Eleanor; Boyd, Dana

2008-01-01

383

School Attendance Revisited: A Study of Urban African American Students' Grade Point Averages and Coping Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Urban African American first-year high school students' absenteeism was found to be negatively related to grade point average (GPA) and avoidance as a means of coping (use of substances as a way to escape--food, alcohol, smoking, caffeine, etc.) and positively related to use of social support as a means of coping (efforts to stay emotionally…

Steward, Robbie J.; Steward, Astin Devine; Blair, Jonathan; Jo, Hanik; Hill, Martin F.

2008-01-01

384

Student Grade Motivation as a Determinant of Performance on the Business Major Field ETS Exam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the determinants of performance on the business major field achievement ETS exam with a focus on the impact of applying ETS exam scores to part of the capstone course grade as a performance incentive. The sample consists of 150 students at a midsized regional institution located in the Southwestern region of the United States.…

Terry, Neil; Mills, LaVelle; Sollosy, Marc

2008-01-01

385

General Science, Ninth Grade: Theme I and Theme II. Student Laboratory Manual. Experimental.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This ninth grade student manual was developed to be used in conjunction with some of the experimental science activities described in the teacher's guide. It contains laboratory worksheets for: (1) measurement; (2) basic energy concepts; (3) heat energy; (4) light; (5) sound; (6) electricity; and (7) present and future energy resources.…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.

386

A study on Developing Sixth-Grade Students' Spatial Visualization Ability  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main goal of this research is to improve the spatial ability of the 6 th grade students. In this study, spatial visualization was limited to the acquisitions in Turkish Primary Education mathematics curriculum. The study dealt with primary education mathematics curriculum, geometry learning domain, the acquisitions of the abilities to visualize three-dimensional structures built from unit cubes, to interpret

Belma YOLCU; Aytaç KURTULU

387

Enhancing On-Task Behavior in Fourth-Grade Students Using a Modified Color Wheel System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors used a withdrawal design to evaluate the effects of a modified Color Wheel System (M-CWS) on the on-task behavior of 7 students enrolled in the 4th grade. Standard CWS procedures were modified to include a 4th set of rules designed to set behavioral expectation for cooperative learning activities. Mean data showed that immediately…

Blondin, Carolyn; Skinner, Christopher; Parkhurst, John; Wood, Allison; Snyder, Jamie

2012-01-01

388

An Investigation of Mathematics Anxiety among Sixth through Eighth Grade Students in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the present study is to investigate mathematics anxiety among 220 sixth through eighth grade Turkish students in terms of mathematics achievement levels, perceived enjoyment of the mathematics teaching method, perceived enjoyment of mathematics, and perceived help with mathematics from parents. The Mathematics Anxiety Scale for…

Birgin, Osman; Baloglu, Mustafa; Catlioglu, Hakan; Gurbuz, Ramazan

2010-01-01

389

Listen to Their Teachers' Voices: Effective Reading Instruction for Fourth Grade African American Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study identifies effective teaching methods that can enhance the reading skills of fourth grade African American students. Focus group interviews were conducted with 21 teachers. The teachers identified independent reading and writing, phonics and vocabulary, teacher modeling, the use of multicultural materials, engagement of parental involvement, incorporating prior knowledge, and cooperative learning as the methods they believed were most

J. Helen Perkins

2001-01-01

390

General Science, Ninth Grade: Theme I and Theme II. Student Laboratory Manual. Experimental.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ninth grade student manual was developed to be used in conjunction with some of the experimental science activities described in the teacher's guide. It contains laboratory worksheets for: (1) measurement; (2) basic energy concepts; (3) heat energy; (4) light; (5) sound; (6) electricity; and (7) present and future energy resources. Additional…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.

391

Impact of Attending Jump Start Literacy Camp on Reading Achievement among Third and Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Jump Start Literacy Camp was developed as a means to combat summer learning loss. The camp utilized high-energy activities to target phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency, and comprehension. This study examined the effects of the Jump Start Literacy Camp on reading achievement for rising third and fourth grade students in an urban…

Padgett, Carrie B.

2010-01-01

392

Effects of Integrating Multimedia into the Third Grade Mathematics Curriculum to Improve Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project was designed to test Mayer's multimedia theory in an elementary school to improve students' mathematics learning for low-income children. The study designed and developed two multimedia mathematics experiments in 3rd grade: 9's multiplication experiment and geometric solids experiment. The two experimental lessons were implemented in…

Liu, Yuliang

2012-01-01

393

Science Sampler: Node graph visualizations for eighth-grade mathematics students using a virus transmission simulation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Because eighth-grade curriculum standards focus in part on systems analysis and graphing, a lesson was created to enhance students' analytical skills with the introduction of a type of graph, the node graph, which can be used to represent the interconnectedness of system components. This lesson is rooted in understanding real-world concepts regarding the transmission of infectious agents throughout a population.

Santone, Adam L.; Mccutcheon, Jennifer A.

2008-07-01

394

Effects of Integrating Multimedia into the Third Grade Mathematics Curriculum to Improve Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This project was designed to test Mayer's multimedia theory in an elementary school to improve students' mathematics learning for low-income children. The study designed and developed two multimedia mathematics experiments in 3rd grade: 9's multiplication experiment and geometric solids experiment. The two experimental lessons were implemented in…

Liu, Yuliang

2012-01-01

395

Exploring Music Practice among Sixth-Grade Band and Orchestra Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to describe the practice motivation and regulation of sixth-grade instrumentalists (11-12 years of age). A sample of 224 US band and orchestra students, representing 85 elementary schools, completed a 36-item practice inventory and produced two narratives depicting a typical practice session and a practice episode…

Austin, James R.; Berg, Margaret Haefner

2006-01-01

396

Effects of a Tier 2 Supplemental Reading Intervention for At-Risk Fourth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated a Tier 2 intervention in the context of a response-to-intervention (RTI) model for 123 fourth-grade students identified as having a high probability of reading failure. A randomized control trial was used to evaluate the effects of a 24-session multicomponent supplemental intervention targeting fluency and expository…

Ritchey, Kristen D.; Silverman, Rebecca D.; Montanaro, Elizabeth A.; Speece, Deborah L.; Schatschneider, Christopher

2012-01-01

397

The Effect of Music and Sound Effects on the Listening Comprehension of Fourth Grade Students.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study was designed to determine if the addition of music and sound effects to recorded stories increased the comprehension and retention of information presented on tape to fourth grade students at three levels of reading ability. Two versions of fou...

R. E. Mann

1979-01-01

398

The Relationship between Peer Tutoring and Disruptive Behavior of Second Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to assess the effectiveness of peer tutoring in reducing the frequency of disruptive behavior among students, a second grade class was taught with two alternating methods, direct instruction and peer tutoring. Nine types of disruptive behaviors were recorded during each of the two instructional treatments: out-of-seat behavior,…

Winder, Linda; And Others

399

Predictors of Reading Skills for Kindergartners and First Grade Students in Spanish: A Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated predictors of word reading and reading comprehension skills using longitudinal data from Spanish-speaking kindergartners (N = 163) and first grade students (N = 305) from high SES families in Chile. Individual differences in letter-naming fluency and phonemic segmentation fluency, but not vocabulary, were positive…

Kim, Young-Suk; Pallante, Daniel

2012-01-01

400

Effects of a Resident Outdoor School Experience Upon Behavior of Selected Fifth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Fifteen fifth grade students designated disruptive by their classroom teachers in the State College Area School District of Pennsylvania were divided into three groups and exposed to three weeks of differing lead-up activities followed by a week of residential outdoor education activities at Pennsylvania's Stone Valley Outdoor School. Employing…

Berry, Christine

401

Principal leadership: How knowledge, agency, and beliefs influence grade-level K--8 student retention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite voluminous research on the detrimental effects of grade-level retention, it continues as a regular practice in American public schools as an intervention for struggling students. While research has been done on the roles and influences of teachers on the retention process, little has been done to measure the influence of the school principal on retention's use. ^ An original

Matthew Thomas Evans

2012-01-01

402

Principal Leadership: How Knowledge, Agency, and Beliefs Influence Grade-Level K-8 Student Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite voluminous research on the detrimental effects of grade-level retention, it continues as a regular practice in American public schools as an intervention for struggling students. While research has been done on the roles and influences of teachers on the retention process, little has been done to measure the influence of the school…

Evans, Matthew Thomas

2012-01-01

403

Teaching Reading Comprehension Strategies to Sixth Grade Students To Improve Critical Thinking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A reading comprehension program was developed and implemented that addressed the needs of sixth-grade students. The program focused on critical thinking skills using a teamwork approach. Each heterogeneous small group used a checklist composed of before, during, and after reading questions and activities. At the conclusion of the 12-week…

Long, Brenda J.

404

The Relationships among Language Ability, Emotion Regulation and Social Competence in Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Relationships exist between language ability, emotion regulation, and social competence in preschool children. This study examines how these relationships function in elementary school children, and explores whether language ability partially mediates the relationship between emotion regulation and social competence. Second-grade students (N =…

Monopoli, W. John; Kingston, Sharon

2012-01-01

405

Cooperative College Examinations: More Gain, Less Pain When Students Share Information and Grades  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examination performance of introductory psychology students (N = 576) was significantly enhanced (p < .001) in each of 4 separate comparisons of those taking tests with a partner versus traditional solo testing. In each case, mean test scores were raised significantly and grade variability was reduced. The power of cooperative team testing is shown in the robust average effect size

Philip G. Zimbardo; Lisa D. Butler; Valerie A. Wolfe

2003-01-01

406

Motivating Every Student in Literacy (Including the Highly Unmotivated!), Grades 3-6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Motivating Every Student in Literacy (Including the Highly Unmotivated!), Grades 3-6" provides an effective model for improving reading levels and increasing motivation. Under the guidance of Athans and Devine, classroom leaders develop their own Motivation Improvement Action Plans, where small-group instruction, end-of-unit assessments, and…

Athans, Sandra K.; Devine, Denise Ashe

2010-01-01

407

The Effects of Social Position, Race, and Sex on Work Values of Ninth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effect of social class, race, and sex on the work values of ninth-grade students in a large metropolitan area. Measures of work values were obtained using Super's (1970) Work Values Inventory. Results indicated that race and sex have differential effects on the development of work values. Significant differences between…

Thomas, Hollie B.

408

The Effects of Social Position, Race, and Sex on Work Values of Ninth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effect of social class, race, and sex on the work values of ninth-grade students in a large metropolitan area. Results indicated that the primary differences were for the dependent variables of race and sex. In general, low social position black females scored low on the work values scales. (Author)

Thomas, Hollie B.

1974-01-01

409

Evaluation of an Experimental Intensive French Programme for Grade Eight Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This interim report on an experimental program to increase student motivation to learn French at the Cultural Centre of Intensive French (CCIF) examines objectives, evaluation procedures, and results of the experiment. Part 1 contains sections on: (1) French achievement in Ottawa, Canada, grade 8 classes, (2) Pimsleur listening comprehension test,…

Morrison, Frances Crook

410

Cognitive, Academic, and Attitudinal Predictors of the Grade Point Averages of College Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined cognitive, academic, and attitudinal predictors of college grade point average (GPA) among 84 college students with learning disabilities (LD) attending a large midwestern university. Results indicated that Full Scale IQ and one factor (delay/avoidance) on the self-reported study habits scale accounted for a significant amount…

Murray, Christopher; Wren, Carol T.

2003-01-01

411

Supporting Students' Strategic Competence: A Case of a Sixth-Grade Mathematics Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mathematics education research has documented several classroom practices that might influence student self-regulation. We know little, however, about the ways these classroom practices could be structured in real classroom settings. In this exploratory case study, we purposefully selected a sixth-grade mathematics teacher who had participated in…

Ozdemir, I. Elif Yetkin; Pape, Stephen J.

2012-01-01

412

A Comparative Analysis of Preschool Attendance and Reading Achievement among Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preschool attendance is considered an important factor for predicting later success in literacy achievement. This quantitative ex-post facto study examined whether attendance of public prekindergarten is related to improved reading achievement in 2nd grade students in a rural, southeastern school district. The learning theories of Piaget, Bandura,…

Burton, Kelly Latham

2011-01-01

413

The Migration Plans of Upper-Grade Students in Small Towns of Russia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a survey that was carried out in 2004 to assess the level of migration mobility on the part of young inhabitants in the small cities of Russia. The survey was participated in by eleventh-grade (senior) students. The total number of respondents was 500 (100 in each community); 61% were girls and 39% were boys. The statistical…

Florinskaia, Iu. F.; Roshchina, T.G.

2006-01-01

414

The "School Safety & Security Questionnaire": Middle Grades Students' Perceptions of Safety at School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study presents the development and basic psychometric characteristics of the "School Safety and Security Questionnaire" (SSSQ). This new measure was constructed to assess middle grade students' perceptions of safety and security during the school year. The content validity of the theoretically-based instrument was assessed and the measure…

Miller, Janice Williams; Nickell, Linda K.

2008-01-01

415

A Study of the Effects of the Accelerated Reader Program on Fifth Grade Students' Reading Achievement Growth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to compare the reading achievement growth of fifth grade students following a year of participation in the Accelerated Reader program with the reading achievement growth of fifth grade students who did not participate in the Accelerated Reader program. The Terra Nova standardized achievement test was used as the…

Melton, Cindy M.; Smothers, Bobbie C.; Anderson, Eugene; Fulton, Ray; Replogle, William H.; Thomas, Lisa

2004-01-01

416

An Investigation of Relationships Between Fifth Grade Students' Perception of the Physical Classroom Environment and Observed Environmental Factors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exploratory field study was conducted in 42 self-contained, elementary grade classrooms in 18 school buildings. Subjects were 1,030 fifth-grade students. The purpose of the study was to determine the range of physical environmental conditions in the classrooms; and how students' perceptions of the physical environment (1) describe the…

Faust, Russell Weidner

417

The Relationship between Students' Reading Performance on Diagnostic Assessments and the Third Grade Reading Achievement Test in Ohio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this correlational study was twofold: to examine the relationship of students' reading performance on six different diagnostic reading assessments and the third grade Ohio Reading Achievement Test; and to assist educators in choosing the diagnostic assessments that best identify students at risk of failing the third grade Ohio…

Hollinger, Jamie L.

2009-01-01

418

Promoting Strategic Learning by Eighth-Grade Students Struggling in Mathematics: A Report of Three Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents three in-depth case studies focused on supporting students with learning challenges to learn math strategically. Participants were three eighth-grade students enrolled in a learning assistance classroom who were of at least average intelligence but who were performing significantly below grade level in mathematics. These case…

Butler, Deborah L.; Beckingham, Beverly; Lauscher, Helen J. Novak

2005-01-01

419

Expectations and Reports of Homework for Public School Students in the First, Third, and Fifth Grades. Issue Brief.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In general, the amount of reading and mathematics homework that students teachers expected them to complete on a typical evening increased from first grade to fifth grade. For example, 21 percent of first-graders had teachers who expected their students t...

2008-01-01

420

An Investigation of Relationships Between Fifth Grade Students' Perception of the Physical Classroom Environment and Observed Environmental Factors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An exploratory field study was conducted in 42 self-contained, elementary grade classrooms in 18 school buildings. Subjects were 1,030 fifth-grade students. The purpose of the study was to determine the range of physical environmental conditions in the classrooms; and how students' perceptions of the physical environment (1) describe the…

Faust, Russell Weidner

421

The Effect of Inquiry-Based Explorations in a Dynamic Geometry Environment on Sixth Grade Students' Achievements in Polygons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of using a dynamic geometry environment (DGE) together with inquiry-based explorations on the sixth grade students' achievements in polygons and congruency and similarity of polygons. Two groups of sixth grade students were selected for this study: an experimental group composed of 66…

Erbas, Ayhan Kursat; Yenmez, Arzu Aydogan

2011-01-01

422

What are the socio-emotional experiences and perceptions of third grade students with high-stakes testing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences and perceptions of third grade students with high-stakes testing. The study was designed to address this issue from the perspective of the third grade student's experience and offer a venue for them to share their stories. The following research question guides this study: What are the socio-emotional experiences and perceptions

Anne Marie Juola-Rushton

2007-01-01

423

Gifted and talented: fourth-, fifth-, and sixth-grade students' evaluations of a gifted program.  

PubMed

A pull-out program for gifted students was evaluated in reports (qualitative evaluations) from a sample of 60 program participants from the fourth, fifth, and sixth grades. The students identified six areas in their evaluations: cognitive aspects, program satisfaction, self-expression, self-esteem, boredom, and learning environment. Students who identified cognitive aspects of their program also were likely to identify program satisfaction and not being bored. Statements about opportunities to be self-expressive were made more by girls than by boys and more by fifth and sixth graders than by fourth graders. PMID:7798076

Miller, K E; Niemi, K A

1995-06-01

424

Analyzing the Longitudinal K-12 Grading Histories of Entire Cohorts of Students: Grades, Data Driven Decision Making, Dropping out and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|School personnel currently lack an effective method to pattern and visually interpret disaggregated achievement data collected on students as a means to help inform decision making. This study, through the examination of longitudinal K-12 teacher assigned grading histories for entire cohorts of students from a school district (n=188),…

Bowers, Alex J.

2010-01-01

425

An Examination of the Correlation between Ninth Grade Mathematics Grades and Student Performance on the Mathematics Portion of the California High School Exit Examination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the relationship between ninth graders' math course grades (passing or failing) and future performance on the California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE). Although correlative data is not predictive, it is able to give a sense of which students one can expect to be successful and which students are more likely to benefit…

Steffan, Andrea Lynn

2010-01-01

426

Grade Retention: An Exploration of the Pedagogical Experiences and Attitudes of Elementary Principals that Influence Decisions to Retain Students in a Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For decades there has been an on-going debate regarding whether or not retention is the best strategy to use for students who are not meeting academic success--whether determined by a test, grades, or standards. Much of the research has indicated that little is gained academically over time by retaining students, but even more significant are the…

DelConte, Jill

2011-01-01

427

The effects of study questions and grades on student test performance in a college course1  

PubMed Central

Two experiments demonstrated the effects of study questions on student test performance in an introductory college course. Students in both experiments correctly answered study question items 20 to 30% more frequently than non-study question probes. Furthermore, mean performance on study question items was better than 90% during all phases of both experiments. The present experiments were also designed to study the effects of grades on test performance, and the relationship between long and short sets of study questions. The results of Experiment I clearly illustrated the importance of using grades to maintain high levels of student test performance. The results of Experiment II suggested that long sets of study questions may produce better performance on probe items than do short sets of study questions, but the effect was small.

Semb, George; Hopkins, B. L.; Hursh, Daniel E.

1973-01-01

428

"Beyond the walls": A research study of eighth-grade students mentored in a hospital setting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research study was designed to evaluate twelve eighth-grade students participating in the fourth year of a mentoring program to determine what effect the mentoring experience would have on the students' sense of a scientific community, their understanding of scientific knowledge and process skills and attitudes toward science. The mentoring program was developed through a partnership established between the researcher, an eighth-grade science teacher at a junior high school, and an administrator of a local hospital, to provide educational opportunities for students mentored by medical professionals. The research design included qualitative and quantitative methods of analysis. The qualitative instruments were student journals and interviews. The quantitative instruments included the science subtest of the Stanford Nine Achievement Test, a Student Attitude Toward Science Survey (STATS), and a Hospital Questionnaire. The findings indicate that mentoring developed the students' understanding of a scientific community, revealed a wide range of attitudes and had a positive effect on the students' scientific knowledge and process skills. Finally, this research study has shown the benefits of mentoring as a model for teaching science in a community setting beyond the walls of the school.

Grattan, Aileen

429

The impact of environmental education on sixth-grade students' science achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the relationship between student involvement in environmental education (EE) and science achievement. The performance of students engaged in fifth and sixth grade classrooms identified as incorporating environmental education into science instruction was compared to that of students from similar classrooms that use traditional science instruction. Data from 4655 sixth grade students were analyzed using hierarchical multiple regression model to determine if environmental education improves prediction of science achievement beyond that afforded by differences in socioeconomic status and previous science achievement. The results indicated that environmental education, when integrated into science instruction, does not improve prediction of CTBS science scores beyond that afforded by differences in previous achievement in science and socioeconomic status. Previous achievement and socioeconomic status were the only two variables that predicted CTBS science subtest scores. The variable previous achievement (Score on fourth grade KIRIS test) explained 27.6% of the variance in CTBS test scores. The variable socioeconomic status (participation in free and reduced lunch program) explained 7.1% of the variance in CTBS science test scores. Participation in a fifth, sixth or both grades environmental education classroom did not add to the prediction of CTBS scores. This study illustrates that environmental education, while not correlated with high science achievement, does not correlate with low science achievement. Environmental education research may benefit from similar studies, which utilize alternative forms of student assessment. This study has implications for researchers interested in examining the impact of environmental education on science achievement, as it provides evidence for the importance of including background characteristics, such as socioeconomic status and previous achievement, in research models. This study provides an example of how to use existing test score data to explore the relationship between environmental education and student achievement.

Clavijo, Katherine Gillespie

430

Urban minority ninth-grade students' health-related fitness knowledge.  

PubMed

The purpose of the study was to examine Hispanic and other minority ninth-grade students' health-related fitness (HRF) knowledge, using FitSmart, a standardized test for high school students. The test consisted of 50 weighted multiple choice items, measuring six subcontent components. Means and standard deviations of the overall scores and the subcontent scores were computed. The findings suggested that students demonstrated mastery of one subcontent component but failed to meet passing values for all other subcontents and overall HRF knowledge. Female students outscored their male counterparts, but there was no difference for ethnicity. More efforts are needed to ensure that Hispanic and other minority high school students master fundamental HRF knowledge. PMID:20025116

Keating, Xiaofen Deng; Chen, Li; Guan, Jianmin; Harrison, Louis; Dauenhauer, Brian

2009-12-01

431

Technical Adequacy of Early Numeracy Curriculum-Based Progress Monitoring Measures for Kindergarten and First-Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine six early numeracy measures used to monitor the mathematics progress of kindergarten and first-grade students. Seventy-one kindergarten students and 75 first-grade students were administered the measures each week. Delayed-alternate form reliability was adequate for instructional decision making on some measures, and low reliability was reported for quantity discrimination, as well as for

David D. Hampton; Erica S. Lembke; Young-Sun Lee; Sandra Pappas; Cynthia Chiong; Herbert P. Ginsburg

2012-01-01

432

The relationship between measures of vocabulary and narrative writing quality in second- and fourth-grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between measures of written vocabulary and writing quality. Participants\\u000a included 92 second-grade students and 101 fourth-grade students. Students completed two writing samples: one an experimenter-developed\\u000a writing task and the other, a standardized assessment of writing quality. Research questions examined whether four vocabulary\\u000a measures (vocabulary diversity, less frequent vocabulary, mean syllable

Natalie G. Olinghouse; Jacqueline T. Leaird

2009-01-01

433

Factors mediating the effect of gender on ninth-grade Turkish students' misconceptions concerning electric circuits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was designed to identify and analyze possible factors that mediate the effect of gender on ninth-grade Turkish students' misconceptions concerning electric circuits. A Simple Electric Circuit Concept Test (SECCT), including items with both practical and theoretical contexts, and an Interest-Experience Questionnaire about Electricity (IEQ) were administered to 1,678 ninth-grade students (764 male, 914 female) after the completion of a unit on electricity to assess students' misconceptions and interests-experiences about electricity. Results of the concept test indicated that general performances of the students were relatively low and that many students had misconceptions in interpreting electric circuits. When the data were analyzed using MANOVA and follow-up ANOVAs, a gender difference for males was observed on the dependent variable of total scores on the 10 practical items; however, there was no significant gender difference on the dependent variable of total scores on the six theoretical items. Moreover, when the same data were analyzed using MANCOVA and follow-up ANCOVAs, controlling students' age and interest-experience related to electricity, the observed gender difference was mediated on the total scores on the practical items.

Sencar, Selen; Eryilmaz, Ali

2004-08-01

434

Action for a Cleaner Tomorrow: A South Carolina Environmental Curriculum Grades 6-12, 2nd Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of this curriculum is to teach students to think about their daily habits and to make environmentally responsible choices. The lessons and activities are divided by grade levels: 6-8 and 9-12. Lessons in each grade level are designed to cover a range of student skills, subject areas, and environmental issues. An extensive resource…

South Carolina State Dept. of Health and Environmental Control, Columbia.

435

Global Lessons for Second Language Students, Grades 9-12. Student Edition and Teacher's Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Oak Park, Michigan student workbook prepared as part of the Oak Park Title VII Project for limited English proficient students or students whose first or second language is other than English. contains fifteen multicultural lessons presented in four units. The first unit focuses on the nature of human global interdependence and takes a…

Sirdenis, Wisam Kazaleh, Ed.; Giannetti, George, Ed.

436

Students' Conceptions about "Radiation": Results from an Explorative Interview Study of 9th Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One basis of good teaching is to know about your students' preconceptions. Studies about typical ideas that students bring to the science classroom have been and continue to be a major field in science education research. This study aims to explore associations and ideas that students have regarding "radiation", a term widely used in various…

Neumann, Susanne; Hopf, Martin

2012-01-01

437

Global Lessons for Second Language Students, Grades 9-12. Student Edition and Teacher's Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An Oak Park, Michigan student workbook prepared as part of the Oak Park Title VII Project for limited English proficient students or students whose first or second language is other than English. contains fifteen multicultural lessons presented in four units. The first unit focuses on the nature of human global interdependence and takes a…

Sirdenis, Wisam Kazaleh, Ed.; Giannetti, George, Ed.

438

Preschool Matters: Predicting Reading Difficulties for Spanish-Speaking Bilingual Students in First Grade  

PubMed Central

This article reports on a longitudinal analysis of factors that predict the word reading skills in English and Spanish for a sample of 234 Spanish-speaking students in first grade. The children were assessed at the end of preschool, kindergarten, and first grade. Data include three subtests of the Woodcock Language Proficiency Battery and a researcher-developed phonological awareness task. Results showed that, on average, children's English word reading skills were similar to those of monolingual norms, while their Spanish word readings skills were, on average, one standard deviation below the mean. English vocabulary, English recalling skills, Spanish vocabulary, and Spanish word reading skills in preschool were found to be significant predictors of English word reading skills in first grade. Educational implications for assessment and instruction for this population during the early childhood years are discussed.

Rinaldi, Claudia; Paez, Mariela

2010-01-01

439

Predicting English Word Reading Skills for Spanish-Speaking Students in First Grade  

PubMed Central

This article describes the word reading skills in English and Spanish for a sample of 244 Spanish-speaking, English-learning (hence, bilingual) students in first grade and presents a predictive model for English word reading skills. The children in the study were assessed at the end of kindergarten and first grade, respectively. Data were gathered with 3 subtests of the Woodcock Language Proficiency Battery and a researcher-developed phonological awareness task. Results showed that, on average, children's English word reading skills were similar to monolingual norms whereas their Spanish word reading skills averaged 1 SD below the mean. English vocabulary, English phonological awareness, and Spanish word reading skills in kindergarten were found to be significant predictors of English word reading skills in first grade. Educational implications for screening language and reading skills and promising areas for targeted instruction for this population are discussed.

Paez, Mariela; Rinaldi, Claudia

2010-01-01

440

How do medical student self-assessments compare with their final clerkship grades?  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine how a medical student's self-assessment at the completion of the third-year Ob/gyn clerkship compares with the institution's final grades at Lehigh Valley Hospital. From November 2002 to November 2003 at completion of each six-week Ob/gyn clerkship rotation, 47 medical students assessed themselves on the following parameters: fund of knowledge, personal attitude, clinical problem-solving skills, written/verbal skills, and technical skills. Additionally, they were asked to predict their performance on the NBME Shelf Exam. Their assessments were then compared with their final clerkship grades in each of the above parameters. Chi-squared and Kendall-tau tests were used to analyse the data for degree of agreement and association, respectively. There was a statistically significant weak to moderate, positive correlation between students' self-assessment and final clerkship grade for written/verbal skills (p = 0.002, r = 0.390). A statistically significant agreement between raters was also revealed for written/verbal skills (p = 0.003). Weak, non-statistically significant, positive relationships were revealed for fund of knowledge, clinical problem-solving and technical skills. A weak, negative, non-significant relationship was revealed for personal attitudes, and there was no statistically significant relationship between students' prediction of NBME score and categorized true score (p = 0.717, r = 0.49). At the end of their Ob/gyn clerkship, third-year medical students are better at assessing their technical and written/verbal skills than their global fund of knowledge and personal attitudes. These results may suggest that students are not aware of their own personal attitudes and communication skills and how they can affect their effectiveness as a physician. PMID:16147799

Weiss, Patrice M; Koller, Craig A; Hess, L Wayne; Wasser, Thomas

2005-08-01

441

Feasibility of a home-delivered Internet obesity prevention program for fourth-grade students.  

PubMed

This pilot study examined the feasibility of an interactive obesity prevention program delivered to a class of fourth-grade students utilizing daily e-mail messages sent to the students' home computers. The study involved a single intact class of 22 students, 17 (77%) of whom submitted parental permission documentation and received e-mail messages each school day over the course of one month. Concerns regarding Internet safety and children's use of e-mail were addressed fairly easily. Cost/benefit issues for the school did not seem prohibitive. Providing e-mail access to students without a home computer was accomplished by loaning them personal digital assistant (PDA) devices. In larger interventions, loaning PDAs is probably not feasible economically, although cell phones may be an acceptable alternative. It was concluded that this type of interactive obesity prevention program is feasible from most perspectives. Data from a larger scale effectiveness study is still needed. PMID:19827452

Owens, Scott; Lambert, Laurel; McDonough, Suzanne; Green, Kenneth; Loftin, Mark

2009-08-01

442

Urban seventh grade students: a report of health risk behaviors and exposure to violence.  

PubMed

The health of adolescents and the adults they will become can be linked to the health-related behaviors they adopt as children. To replicate a pilot study with a more culturally diverse population a descriptive, correlational study was undertaken with 379 seventh grade students. Key findings from this study include (a) students exposed or involved in violence (e.g., fighting and carrying a weapon) were more likely to report smoking cigarettes, (b) nearly a quarter (24%) of students have smoked cigarettes at some time, and (c) almost half of the students (48%) reported having at least one alcoholic drink. Middle school can be critical time in the life of an adolescent who may be faced with opportunities to experiment with and participate in health risk behaviors. School nurses, practitioners, and other health care professionals are in an ideal position to assess the type of and level of participation by an adolescent in a health risk behavior. PMID:22025103

Dowdell, Elizabeth Burgess

2011-10-24

443

Effects of multisensory resources on the achievement and science attitudes of seventh-grade suburban students taught science concepts on and above grade level  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research was designed to determine the relationships among students' achievement scores on grade-level science content, on science content that was three years above-grade level, on attitudes toward instructional approaches, and learning-styles perceptual preferences when instructional approaches were multisensory versus traditional. The dependent variables for this investigation were scores on achievement posttests and scores on the attitude survey. The independent

Patrice Helen Roberts

1999-01-01

444

Effectiveness of an integrated handwriting program for first-grade students: a pilot study.  

PubMed

We developed and piloted a program for first-grade students to promote development of legible handwriting and writing fluency. The Write Start program uses a coteaching model in which occupational therapists and teachers collaborate to develop and implement a handwriting-writing program. The small-group format with embedded individualized supports allows the therapist to guide and monitor student performance and provide immediate feedback. The 12-wk program was implemented with 1 class of 19 students. We administered the Evaluation of Children's Handwriting Test, Minnesota Handwriting Assessment, and Woodcock-Johnson Fluency and Writing Samples test at baseline, immediately after the Write Start program, and at the end of the school year. Students made large, significant gains in handwriting legibility and speed and in writing fluency that were maintained at 6-mo follow-up. The Write Start program appears to promote handwriting and writing skills in first-grade students and is ready for further study in controlled trials. PMID:22214111

Case-Smith, Jane; Holland, Terri; Bishop, Beth

445

New Observatory Outreach Programs for Students in Grades 3-12  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Henize Observatory at Harper College, a community college in suburban Chicago, has conducted biweekly public viewing sessions from March to November for over ten years. Recently, we developed two complementary public education programs for primary and secondary school students. The Cosmic Explorers program allows students in Grades 3-6 to observe and identify night sky objects and receive small rewards for completing four “seasons” of observing in their Night Sky Passport. The Henize Docent program gives students in Grades 7-12 the opportunity to assist with observatory operations, including the Cosmic Explorers program, and learn about astronomy and nature interpretation methods. Together, these two programs have rejuvenated our public viewing sessions and generated a real excitement in the community. The success of these programs has presented new challenges for the observatory. Innovative solutions for crowd control and expanded training for volunteer staff were necessary to support the increased visitor load. Students in the docent program have been highly motivated and require training and challenges to keep them engaged. One unexpected benefit was increased interest in Harper College's Astronomy Club as students, particularly those in education, participate in these informal education opportunities. Both programs can be adapted to any venue with night time observing and access to telescopes. We will discuss the programs, their costs, program materials and marketing, challenges and solutions, and future plans. This work is supported by a Harper College Resource for Excellence Grant.

Moorthy, Bhasker K.; Kabbes, J.; Page, K. A.; Cole, K.

2013-06-01

446

Sixth Grade Students' Development of Historical Perspective: World War II and the Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated how the use of various teaching methods influenced perspective taking skills of sixth grade middle school students during a unit of instruction on World War II. Three questions directed the study: (1) What do students know about World War II prior to a unit of study on World War II; (2) What do students know about World…

Ogawa, Masato

447

The Effects of Implementation of the Multiple Intelligences Theory on Grade-7 Students' Attitudes toward and Perceptions of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of implementation of student-centered activities based on multiple intelligences (MI) theory on grade-7 students' attitudes toward and perceptions of science. While the experimental group consisting of 25 students was taught a unit on the atom and atomic properties using strategies based on…

Kaya, Osman Nafiz; Ebenezer, Jazlin

2003-01-01

448

The implementation of a learning contract and the effects on the learning experiences of seventh-grade life science students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this case study were to describe how a learning contract was implemented for a seventh-grade life science class and to discover its effects on the learning experiences of the students. A learning contract was a written agreement between the student and the teacher in which the student agreed to complete a variety of assignments for a particular

Sally Baden Harmon

2001-01-01

449

Effects of the LEARN reading comprehension strategy on fourth and fifth grade students' learning of science information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the quasi-experimental study was to determine whether integrating students' experiences with science concepts enhanced science learning. Fourth and fifth grade students from six classrooms in a rural elementary school in northern Mississippi participated in the study. A reading comprehension strategy, Linking Experiences and Reading Network (LEARN), enabled students to build knowledge from their prior experiences through the

Kerry Pauline Holmes

2000-01-01

450

Approaches to learning, course experience and examination grade among undergraduate psychology students: testing of mediator effects and construct validity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between course experience, students’ approaches to learning, effort, ability and examination grade, and to examine aspects of construct validity in the present versions of the Course Experience Questionnaire and the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students in a sample of 206 undergraduate psychology students. The results showed that course

Åge Diseth

2007-01-01

451

Which Is Greater: One Half or Two Fourths? An Examination of How Two Grade 1 Students Negotiate Meaning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A developing body of research in classroom mathematics discourse indicates that teacher facilitation can be specific and supportive without interfering in productive student talk. Students, including those who are struggling in mathematics or lack confidence, can benefit from exploring challenging mathematics and engaging in math-talk. In this study, one teacher videotaped two academically struggling Grade 1 students engaged in a

Catherine D. Bruce; Tara Flynn

2011-01-01

452

Effectiveness of Interactive Multimedia Environment on Language Acquisition Skills of 6th Grade Students in the United Arab Emirates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effect of interactive multimedia (IMM) program on students' acquisition of some English as a second language (ESL) skills. An interactive multimedia CD-ROM was used with ninety 6th grade ESL students in Al-Ain Model School 2, United Arab Emirates. Students were selected and divided into experimental and control groups…

Almekhlafi, Abdurrahman Ghaleb

2006-01-01

453

A Qualitative Analysis of the Bullying Prevention and Intervention Recommendations of Students in Grades 5 to 8  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focus groups explored the bullying prevention suggestions of 62 Grade 5 to 8 students. Discussions were transcribed and analyzed thematically. Students advocated a comprehensive approach including uniforms, increased supervision, playground activities, group restructuring to prevent social isolation, influential presenters, prevention skills training, solution-focused posters, and meaningful consequences. In addition, students suggested that parents should improve relationships with their children, respond

Charles E. Cunningham; Lesley J. Cunningham; Jenna Ratcliffe; Tracy Vaillancourt

2010-01-01

454

Technology and Man: The Humanities and Science (Selected Study Topics for Gifted Students in Grades 9-12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One in a series of units of instruction for gifted students, the booklet focuses on humanities and science. Three sample units are offered for students in grades 9-12. In "Man's Origins: Where Did He Come From?" students examine the conflicts over evolution versus creationism, impacts of genetic control, and the ecomonics and politics of the…

Abbott, Barbara; Diers, Russell

455

Gambling and Other Risk Behaviors Among 8th- to 12th-Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To examine the associations between a self-reported history of gambling or problems related to gambling and health risk behaviors in adoles- cence. Design. An anonymous risk behavior survey was ad- ministered to 21 297 8th- through 12th-grade students in 79 public and private schools in Vermont. Gambling or problems related to gambling were the outcome vari- ables of interest.

Jenny Proimos; Robert H. DuRant; Judith Dwyer Pierce; Elizabeth Goodman

2010-01-01

456

A Study of 8th Grade Students Learning the Moon's Phases Using Various Multimedia Platforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of eight 8th grade students shows that preadolescents of this age group can obtain scientific understanding of the phases of the Moon. This is consistent with other studies. In a series of mini-instruction sessions with various learning media, two groups of 4 preadolescents were guided through understanding the phases of the Moon. Group pre-interviews were compared to group

Timothy Young; M. Guy

2006-01-01

457

Effects of instructional strategies on seventh grade science achievement as perceived by Kentucky students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Kentucky Education Reform Act of 1990 brought about systemic transformations at all levels of the state P--12 educational system. While the reform has generally been accepted as successful at the elementary and secondary levels, improvements in the state's middle schools have been negligible, particularly in the subject of science. Central to problems at the middle school level is the lack of empirical research linking student seventh grade science achievement with certain instructional strategies, mediating variables, and demographic variables. The purposes of this study focus on possible connections among these variables. The study was constructed around ten theorized relationships at the two levels of research: the individual student level and the composite school level. Simultaneous and hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to investigate possible relationships. Consistent throughout the data analysis is the negative linkage between the use of computers and student achievement. Results of this study would suggest that computer use in the science classrooms is detrimental to the improvement of science achievement test scores at the seventh grade level, at least as currently practiced. Several strategies such as use of textbooks and worksheets as well as specific hands-on strategies have a positive relationship with science achievement. Certain demographic factors were found to have linkages to student achievement. Analysis indicates that white students perform at a higher level than do their non-white counterparts. Free and reduced lunch students typically performed at a lower level than students who are not classified as poor. Female students score higher on the science achievement test. Mediating variables such as student effort and confidence demonstrated relationships with student science achievement. The findings are unique in the Commonwealth of Kentucky and represent the first available connections among the variables under investigation. While answers have been suggested to the questions posed in this research, clearly a number of puzzling questions have been raised. Future research is needed to answer these questions if Kentucky's middle schools are to prosper in seventh grade science in the years to come.

Ennis, Larry S.

458

Improving Tenth-Grade Students' Five-Paragraph Essay Writing Skills Using Various Writing Strategies, Guided Assignments, and Portfolios for Growth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project was implemented and developed to assist low-achieving tenth grade students' essay writing skills. According to examinations administered during the first part of the 2002 school term, many tenth-grade students were not performing on their grade level in regards to the writing process. The overall goal was to have students be able to…

Hopkins, Carolyn

459

The development of a science process assessment for fourth-grade students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, a multiple-choice test entitled the Science Process Assessment was developed to measure the science process skills of students in grade four. Based on the Recommended Science Competency Continuum for Grades K to 6 for Pennsylvania Schools, this instrument measured the skills of (1) observing, (2) classifying, (3) inferring, (4) predicting, (5) measuring, (6) communicating, (7) using space/time relations, (8) defining operationally, (9) formulating hypotheses, (10) experimenting, (11) recognizing variables, (12) interpreting data, and (13) formulating models. To prepare the instrument, classroom teachers and science educators were invited to participate in two science education workshops designed to develop an item bank of test questions applicable to measuring process skill learning. Participants formed writing teams and generated 65 test items representing the 13 process skills. After a comprehensive group critique of each item, 61 items were identified for inclusion into the Science Process Assessment item bank. To establish content validity, the item bank was submitted to a select panel of science educators for the purpose of judging item acceptability. This analysis yielded 55 acceptable test items and produced the Science Process Assessment, Pilot 1. Pilot 1 was administered to 184 fourth-grade students. Students were given a copy of the test booklet; teachers read each test aloud to the students. Upon completion of this first administration, data from the item analysis yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.73. Subsequently, 40 test items were identified for the Science Process Assessment, Pilot 2. Using the test-retest method, the Science Process Assessment, Pilot 2 (Test 1 and Test 2) was administered to 113 fourth-grade students. Reliability coefficients of 0.80 and 0.82, respectively, were ascertained. The correlation between Test 1 and Test 2 was 0.77. The results of this study indicate that (1) the Science Process Assessment, Pilot 2, is a valid and reliable instrument applicable to measuring the science process skills of students in grade four, (2) using educational workshops as a means of developing item banks of test questions is viable and productive in the test development process, and (3) involving classroom teachers and science educators in the test development process is educationally efficient and effective.

Smith, Kathleen A.; Welliver, Paul W.

460

Effects of multisensory resources on the achievement and science attitudes of seventh-grade suburban students taught science concepts on and above grade level  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research was designed to determine the relationships among students' achievement scores on grade-level science content, on science content that was three years above-grade level, on attitudes toward instructional approaches, and learning-styles perceptual preferences when instructional approaches were multisensory versus traditional. The dependent variables for this investigation were scores on achievement posttests and scores on the attitude survey. The independent variables were the instructional strategy and students' perceptual preferences. The sample consisted of 74 educationally oriented seventh-grade students. The Learning Styles Inventory (LSI) (Dunn, Dunn, & Price, 1990) was administered to determine perceptual preferences. The control group was taught seventh-grade and tenth-grade science units using a traditional approach and the experimental group was instructed on the same units using multisensory instructional resources. The Semantic Differential Scale (SDS) (Pizzo, 1981) was administered to reveal attitudinal differences. The traditional unit included oral reading from the textbook, completing outlines, labeling diagrams, and correcting the outlines and diagrams as a class. The multisensory unit included five instructional stations established in different sections of the classroom to allow students to learn by: (a) manipulating Flip Chutes, (b) using Electroboards, (c) assembling Task Cards, (d) playing a kinesthetic Floor Game, and (e) reading an individual Programmed Learning Sequence. Audio tapes and scripts were provided at each location. Students circulated in groups of four from station to station. The data subjected to statistical analyses supported the use of a multisensory, rather than a traditional approach, for teaching science content that is above-grade level. T-tests revealed a positive and significant impact on achievement scores (p < 0.0007). No significance was detected on grade-level achievement nor on the perceptual-preference effect. Furthermore, the students indicated significantly more positive attitudes when instructed with a multisensory approach on either grade-level or above-grade level science content (p < 0.0001). The findings supported using a multisensory approach when teaching science concepts that are new to and difficult for students (Martini, 1986).

Roberts, Patrice Helen

461

Fourth and fifth grade Latino(a) students making meaning of scientific informational texts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using a socio-psycholinguistic perspective of literacy and a social-semiotic analysis of texts, this study investigates how six students made meaning of informational texts. The students came to school from a variety of English and Spanish language backgrounds. The research question being asked was 'How do Latino(a) fourth and fifth grade students make meaning of English informational texts?' Miscue analysis was used as a tool to investigate how students who have been labeled non-struggling readers by their classroom teacher and are from various language backgrounds approached five informational texts. In order to investigate students' responses to the nature of informational texts, this dissertation draws on commonly occurring structures within texts. Primary data collected included read alouds and retellings of five texts, retrospective miscue analysis, and interviews with six participant students. Two of these participants are discussed within this dissertation. Secondary data included classroom observations and teacher interviews. This study proposes that non-native speakers may use scientific concept placeholders as they transact with informational texts. The use of scientific concept placeholders by a reader indicates that the reader is engaged in the meaning making process and possesses evolving scientific knowledge about a phenomenon. The findings suggest that Latino(a) students' understandings of English informational texts is influenced not only by a student's language development but also (1) the nature of the text; (2) the reading strategies that a student uses, such as the use of placeholders; (3) the influence of the researcher during the aided retelling. This study contributes methodological tools to assess English language learners' reading. The conclusions presented within this study also support the idea that students from a variety of language backgrounds slightly altered their reliance on certain cuing systems as they encountered various sub-genres within an informational text. I conclude that reading assessment should account for how a student approaches different structural elements of a text.

Croce, Keri-Anne

462

An Observational Case Study of Four Second Grade General Education Students' Academic Responding and Inappropriate Behavior in the Presence of a Disruptive Student with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current observational case study involves four second grade students without disabilities in a classroom in which a disruptive student with disabilities was included. The purpose of the study was to record and analyze the academic responses (AR) and inappropriate behaviors (IB) that were exhibited by students without disabilities in three…

Duvall, Steven F.; Jain, Sachin; Boone, Denise

2010-01-01

463

Students' Conceptions About `Radiation': Results from an Explorative Interview Study of 9th Grade Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One basis of good teaching is to know about your students' preconceptions. Studies about typical ideas that students bring to the science classroom have been and continue to be a major field in science education research. This study aims to explore associations and ideas that students have regarding `radiation', a term widely used in various fields and necessary to understand fundamental ideas in science. In an explorative study, the perceptions of 50 high school students were examined using semi-structured interviews. The students were 14-16 years old and were chosen from 7 different high schools in an urban area in Austria. Following an interview guideline, students were asked about their general associations with the term `radiation' as well as about their general understanding of different types of radiation. A qualitative analysis of these interviews following the method of Flick (2009) revealed that the students' associations were, to a great extent, very different from the scientific use of the term. Several conceptions that could inhibit students' learning processes could be identified. Consequences for the teaching of the topic `radiation' in science lessons, which are based on these preconceptions, are presented in the conclusion.

Neumann, Susanne; Hopf, Martin

2012-12-01

464

Grade 5 Students' Online Argumentation about Their In-Class Inquiry Investigations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examined the extent to which fifth-grade students participate in online argumentation and the argument patterns they produced about the inquiry-based investigations completed using the Science Writing Heuristic approach in their science classes. One hundred twenty-nine students from five classes of two teachers in a Midwestern public school completed two inquiry-based investigation units, one per semester, followed by asynchronous online discussions using the Moodle forum. Among the 129 students, 107 students produced 739 notes in the plant investigation online discussion and 111 students produced 686 notes in the human health investigation online discussion. Results indicate that students were actively engaged in the online discussions about inquiry investigations with comments being focused on providing more evidence and backing for claims and negotiating evidence in both investigations. The students also engaged in challenging and querying the test procedures and reference sources as the basis for evidence. Implications are discussed for science teaching and learning and further study on argument-based inquiry in online environments.

Choi, Aeran; Hand, Brian; Norton-Meier, Lori

2013-09-01

465

Integrating mathematics and science for below-average ninth-grade students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was twofold: first to develop an integrated mathematics and science course for below average ninth grade students and second, to investigate the effect of this course on students performance in mathematics and science. Students' understanding of mathematics and science as tools in solving real world problems was also examined, as well as the effect of teaching methodologies on student performance. The procedure for the study involved the development and implementation by the investigator of an integrated course in mathematics and science. The content for the integrated course was based on the ninth grade Foundation of Mathematics and Science curricula. Two teaching methodologies were used during the study, the "experimental methodology," based on cooperative groups using inquiry and discovery learning; and the traditional methodology, based on lecture, homework review and practice. The population involved in the study consisted of ninety-four students in three classes in a New York City High School. Each class received a different combination of methodology and course of study: Group 1, received the regular Foundations courses taught separately but using the experimental methodology; group 2, received the integrated course with the traditional methodology, group 3 received the integrated course with the experimental methodology. The treatments lasted for seven weeks. Performance in mathematics and science was determined by three types of examinations in each subject. Performance in applications was determined by laboratory activities and special projects assigned during the study. The results indicate that there are some advantages to be gained by the integration of mathematics and science, particularly when it is used in conjunction with the "experimental methodology." The results showed that treatment group 3 performed significantly better than the other treatment groups. Treatment group 3 also performed significantly better on the laboratory activities and special projects that determined students understanding of real world problems. The results suggest that the most effective approach to teaching mathematics and science for below average students maybe an integrated curriculum and the "experimental methodology."

Wiltshire, Michael A.

466

The Effect of Demonstrator Gender on Wind Instrument Preferences of Kindergarten, Third-Grade, and Fifth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined possible influences of demonstrator gender on children's instrument choices. Participants (N = 104) included boys (n = 53) and girls ( n = 51) in fifth grade (n = 27), third grade (n = 41), and kindergarten (n = 36) in six intact music classes from a single elementary school. Pretest and posttest consisted of circling (Grades

Killian, Janice N.; Satrom, Shauna L.

2011-01-01

467

The impact of classroom organization in grade 4 on student achievement in science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While qualitative studies of teacher perceptions of classroom organization have been performed, quantitative studies linked to standards-based assessments are noticeably absent. Two questions guided the research: What is the impact of classroom layout in grade 4 on student achievement in science? How does space use change in a classroom when the furniture is reorganized? The study was conducted in five classrooms in two rural, elementary schools. In two classrooms, teachers placed a large science materials table in the center of the room to make science activities a focal point for students. Two classrooms, that were used as controls, continued to operate using their established organization. The organization of the fifth classroom had included a large table in the center of the room for a number of years. This room was also used as a control. Data were collected in three ways. Quantitative data were collected from the New York State Grade-4 Science Program Evaluation Test. Qualitative data were collected using the Classroom Spatial Utilization and Migration Form and by creating a classroom map. The data were presented in quantitative, narrative, and graphic forms. Data from the New York State Grade-4 Science Program Evaluation Test were analyzed using a matrix published by the New York State Education Department and by using SPSS software. Classroom spatial utilization and migration patterns were visually evaluated. The guiding hypothesis that placing a large table in the center of the room would result in improved student performance was not totally supported by the data. Student density was correlated to student achievement. Specifically, classroom space per student was positively correlated to the inquiry science skills of classifying, manipulating materials, measuring, recording data, using non-standard measurement, and making predictions. Classroom arrangement was not as important as open space per student. This research is important because classrooms that were designed for teacher-centered instruction may not be adequate for hands-on, inquiry science learning. A study of the way in which students engage in science activities relative to classroom organization could influence the instructional pedagogy of teachers. Recommendations regarding educational policy and classroom practice are presented.

Duncanson, Edward Francis

468

Enhancing Eight Grade Students' Scientific Conceptual Change and Scientific Reasoning through a Web-based Learning Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports the impacts of the Scientific Concept Construction and Reconstruction (SCCR) digital learning system on eighth grade students' concept construction, conceptual change, and scientific reasoning involving the topic of \\

Ya-Wen Liao; Hsiao-Ching She

2009-01-01

469

The effect of a role model project upon the attitudes of ninth-grade science students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article will describe an in-school intervention project that used female role models to change the attitudes of 964 Iowa girls and boys in 57 ninth-grade science classes toward science, math, and technical curricula and careers. The differences between the students' mean pretest and posttest scores on each of six factors found to be associated with students' attitudes toward science and math and technical careers were analyzed to determine which of five experimental groups responded most positively to the intervention. Higher difference scores indicated that the attitudes of girls and boys who participated in the intervention improved more than the attitudes of girls and boys in the control groups, suggesting that the use of female role models in the science classroom is an effective way to change students' attitudes toward science, math, and related careers.

Evans, Mary Ann; Whigham, Myrna; Wang, Morgan C.

470

A Study of 3rd and 5th Grade Students' Oral Language during the Writing Process in Elementary Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using ethnographic techniques to observe seven fifth grade and seven third grade students, a study examined the function of children's oral language during creative writing sessions in typical classroom situations. Findings indicated that oral language plays an important role in the writing process; specifically, that it (1) accompanies writing as…

Kasten, Wendy C.; Clarke, Barbara K.

471

Reading between the Lines: Contributing Factors that Affect Grade 5 Student Reading Performance as Measured across South Africa's 11 Languages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports on the South African results of a study to identify and explain relationships between some major factors associated with successful reading at Grade 5. With 11 official languages, educational policy in South Africa advocates an additive bilingualism model, and students in Grades 1 to 3 are taught in their mother tongue.…

van Staden, Surette; Howie, Sarah

2012-01-01

472

Survey of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Fifth and Eighth Grade Students Regarding Alcoholic Beverages in Urban Parochial Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of fifth- and eighth-grade urban parochial school students (N=3,785) regarding alcoholic beverages. Survey results showed a religiously oriented school environment had little influence on drinking behavior. Family, friends, and cultural norms were strong influences. Sixth and seventh grades appear…

Lee, Essie E.

1983-01-01

473

Access to Algebra I: The Effects of Online Mathematics for Grade 8 Students. NCEE 2012-4021  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report presents findings from a randomized control trial designed to inform the decisions of policymakers who are considering using online courses to provide access to Algebra I in grade 8. It focuses on students judged by their schools to be ready to take Algebra I in grade 8 but who attend schools that do not offer the course. The study…

Heppen, Jessica B.; Walters, Kirk; Clements, Margaret; Faria, Ann-Marie; Tobey, Cheryl; Sorensen, Nicholas; Culp, Katherine

2011-01-01

474

Teaching and learning grade 7 science concepts by elaborate analogies: Mainstream and East and South Asian ESL students' experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the effectiveness of an instructional tool, elaborate analogy, in teaching the particle theory to both Grade 7 mainstream and East or South Asian ESL students. Ten Grade 7 science classes from five different schools in a large school district in the Greater Toronto area participated. Each of the ten classes were designated as either Group X or

Judy Joo-Hyun Kim

2009-01-01

475

A Study on Peer Interaction between English Speaking and Non-English Speaking Students in the Primary Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report describes a study of the interaction between native Spanish-speaking and native English-speaking students in four classes (one kindergarten, one first-grade, and two second-grade) in a suburban community, and a program to increase interaction. Initially, lack of interaction between these groups was documented using classroom…

Antonopoulos, Kay; Cimaroli, Sandra; Moran, Barbara; Power, Kim

476

Breakfast consumption with and without vitamin-mineral supplement use favorably impacts daily nutrient intake of ninth-grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To assess the contribution of breakfast consumption (with and without dietary supplement intake) on total daily nutrient intake of ninth-grade students.Methods: Twenty-four-hour recall of dietary intake was collected from a random sample of 711 ninth-grade students attending 12 Archdiocesan high schools in New Orleans, Louisiana. Analysis of variance techniques, Pearson’s Chi-square statistic, and Breznahn–Shapiro method with Scheffé probabilities were

Theresa A Nicklas; Christina Reger; Leann Myers; Carol O’Neil

2000-01-01

477

A critical hermeneutic study: Third grade elementary African American students' views of the nature of science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nature of Science is one of the most fundamental aspects of understanding science. How different cultures, races and ethnicities see and interpret science differently is critical. However, the NOS views specific to African American teachers and learners have gone largely unresearched. The views of a purposeful sample of African American third grade children reported in this study contribute to efforts to make science equitable for all students. Conducted in two Midwest urban settings, within the students' regular classrooms, three instruments were employed: Views of Nature of Science Elementary (an interview protocol), Elementary Draw a Scientist Test (a drawing activity supplemented by an explicating narrative), and Identify a Scientist (a simple select-a-photo technique supported by Likert-measured sureness). The responses provided by twenty-three students were coded using qualitative content analysis. The findings are represented in three main categories: Science - is governed by experimentation, invention and discovery teach us about the natural world, school is not the only setting for learning science; Scientists - intelligent, happy, studious men and women playing multiple roles, with distinct physical traits working in laboratories; Students - capable users and producers of science and who view science as fun. This study advocates for: use of such instruments for constant monitoring of student views, using the knowledge of these views to construct inquiry based science lessons, and increased research about students of color.

Walls, Leon

478

Achievement Gap Patterns of Grade 8 American Indian and Alaska Native Students in Reading and Math. Issues & Answers. REL 2009-No. 073  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on student proficiency in reading and math from 2003-04 to 2006-07, this report compares gaps in performance on state achievement tests between grade 8 American Indian and Alaska Native students and all other grade 8 students in 26 states serving large populations of American Indian and Alaska Native students. In response to a request by…

Nelson, Steven; Greenough, Richard; Sage, Nicole

2009-01-01

479

Prevalence, Characteristics, and Associated Health and Health Care of Family Homelessness Among Fifth-Grade Students  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We describe the lifetime prevalence and associated health-related concerns of family homelessness among fifth-grade students. Methods. We used a population-based, cross-sectional survey of 5147 fifth-grade students in 3 US cities to analyze parent-reported measures of family homelessness, child health status, health care access and use, and emotional, developmental, and behavioral health and child-reported measures of health-related quality of life and exposure to violence. Results. Seven percent of parents reported that they and their child had experienced homelessness (i.e., staying in shelters, cars, or on the street). Black children and children in the poorest families had the highest prevalence of homelessness (11%). In adjusted analyses, most general health measures were similar for children who had and had not been homeless. Children who had ever experienced homelessness were more likely to have an emotional, behavioral, or developmental problem (odds ratio [OR] = 1.7; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.1, 2.6; P = .01), to have received mental health care (OR = 2.2; 95% CI = 1.6, 3.2; P < .001), and to have witnessed serious violence with a knife (OR = 1.6; 95% CI = 1.1, 2.3; P = .007) than were children who were never homeless. Conclusions. Family homelessness affects a substantial minority of fifth-grade children and may have an impact on their emotional, developmental, and behavioral health.

Elliott, Marc N.; Kanouse, David E.; Grunbaum, Jo Anne; Gilliland, M. Janice; Tortolero, Susan R.; Cuccaro, Paula; Schuster, Mark A.

2009-01-01

480

29 CFR 6.8 - Transmission of record.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...29 Labor 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Transmission of record. 6.8 Section 6.8 Labor Office of...CONTRACTS AND FEDERAL SERVICE CONTRACTS General § 6.8 Transmission of record. If a petition for review of the...

2013-07-01

481

44 CFR 6.8 - Subpoena and other legal demands.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Subpoena and other legal demands. 6.8 Section 6.8 ...General § 6.8 Subpoena and other legal demands. Access to records in systems of records by subpoena or other legal process shall be in accordance with...

2011-10-01

482

44 CFR 6.8 - Subpoena and other legal demands.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2011-10-01 true Subpoena and other legal demands. 6.8 Section 6.8 ...General § 6.8 Subpoena and other legal demands. Access to records in systems of records by subpoena or other legal process shall be in accordance with...

2012-10-01

483

Action for a Cleaner Tomorrow. A South Carolina Environmental Curriculum Grades K-8, Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of this curriculum is to teach children and their parents to think about their daily habits and to make environmentally responsible choices. The lessons and activities are divided by grade levels: K-1, 2-3, 4-5, and 6-8. Lessons in each grade level are designed to cover a range of student skills, subject areas, and environmental issues.…

South Carolina State Dept. of Health and Environmental Control, Columbia.

484

A study of student attitudes toward physics and classroom environment based on gender and grade level among senior secondary education students in Indonesia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main purposes of the present study are to investigate the differences on student's attitudes toward physics and their perceptions regarding classroom climate during physics classes based on gender and grade level. In addition, the study also explores female students' opinions about physics, and examines to what extent this factor might influence their decision to choose or not to choose physics or physics-related fields for their career choices in the future. A group of approximately 864 male and female students, equally proportioned by gender, were assigned to take part in this study. Two standardized instruments, namely the Individualized Classroom Environment Questionnaire (ICEQ) and the Test of Science Related Attitudes (TOSRA), have been employed to collect data. A combination of quantitative and qualitative methods was used to analyze the collected data resulting from the questionnaires as well as from the interviews. The study found, first, regardless of their gender and grade level differences, students expected a more positive classroom climate during learning physics. Also, it has been found that male students experience a more positive classroom environment than female students. Second, the study found that male students do show more positive attitudes toward physics than their female counterparts. Meanwhile, twelfth-grade students show a more positive attitude toward physics than eleventh-graders. Third, the study found that most female students do not like physics based on several reasons such as physics is a hard, monotonous and boring subject. Although eleventh-grade female students do not like physics, most of them intended to choose science as their major in the next grade. Surprisingly, a majority of twelfth-grade female students who are majoring in science have no intention to choose physics or physics-related subjects either for their prospective major at the university or for their career choices in the future.

Chaerul, Andrie

485

Fair Grades  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fair grading is modeled on two fundamental principles. The first principle is that grading should be impartial and consistent. The second prin- ciple is that a fair grade should be based on the student's competence in the academic content of the course. I derive corollary principles of fair grading from these two basic principles and use them to evaluate common

DARYL CLOSE

2009-01-01

486

Preparing Student Teachers to Address Complex Learning and Controversy with Middle Grades Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This qualitative study explores pre-service teachers' perceptions of teaching critical literacy through discussions of controversial issues. Personality questionnaires were given to six classes of pre-student teachers over three semesters in order to gauge interest in teaching methods that incorporate inquiry learning and critical literacy. The…

Smith, Ann Marie; Lennon, Sean

2011-01-01

487

Students aggress against professors in reaction to receiving poor grades: an effect moderated by student narcissism and self-esteem.  

PubMed

Laboratory evidence about whether students' evaluations of teaching (SETs) are valid is lacking. Results from three (3) independent studies strongly confirm that "professors" who were generous with their grades were rewarded for their favor with higher SETs, while professors who were frugal were punished with lower SETs (Study 1, d = 1.51; Study 2, d = 1.59; Study 3, partial ?(2) = .26). This result was found even when the feedback was manipulated to be more or less insulting (Study 3). Consistent with laboratory findings on direct aggression, results also indicated that, when participants were given a poorer feedback, higher self-esteem (Study 1 and Study 2) and higher narcissism (Study 1) were associated with them giving lower (more aggressive) evaluations of the "professor." Moreover, consistent with findings on self-serving biases, participants higher in self-esteem who were in the positive grade/feedback condition exhibited a self-enhancing bias by giving their "professor" higher evaluations (Study 1 and Study 2). The aforementioned relationships were not moderated by the professor's sex or rank (teaching assistant vs.professor). Results provide evidence that (1) students do aggress against professors through poor teaching evaluations, (2) threatened egotism among individuals with high self-esteem is associated with more aggression, especially when coupled with high narcissism, and (3) self-enhancing biases are robust among those with high self-esteem. PMID:22997048

Vaillancourt, Tracy

2012-09-19

488

Facilitating Changes in Ninth Grade Students' Understanding of Dissolution and Diffusion through DSLM Instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examines the nature and process of ninth grade students conceptual change regarding their mental model of dissolution and diffusion as a result of instructions using the Dual Situated Learning Model (DSLM). The dual situated learning events of this model are designed according to the students ontological viewpoint of the science concepts as well as the nature of these concepts. Moreover, these events serve two functions by creating dissonance with the pre-existing knowledge and providing new schema for constructing a more scientific view of the concept. The concepts of dissolution and diffusion were chosen to examine students conceptual change process because they involve the understanding of both invisible and process attributes. Results indicate that about 76%-90% of the students successfully underwent a change in their understanding of the concepts of dissolution and diffusion after instruction using dual situated learning events. Moreover, about 75% of the students successfully applied their previous mental sets into the challenging situated learning event. This current study demonstrates that DSLM indeed facilitates the processes of conceptual change and knowledge acquisition involving concepts of dissolution and diffusion, clarifying the nature of conceptual change involving science concepts of both an invisible and a process nature.

She, Hsiao-Ching

2004-08-01

489

Exploring relationships among four science teaching-learning affective attributes of sixth grade students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The intent of this study was to investigate possible relationships among the constructs of attitudes toward science, interest in science, science curiosity, and self-concept of science ability. Data were collected from 228 sixth-grade students by way of four Likert-type instruments, each of which measured a given attribute. Statistical procedures included univariate and multivariate analysis of variance, product-moment correlations, canonical correlations, multiple regression analysis, and factor analysis. The results indicated that attitudes toward science, interest in science, and science curiosity are highly related. Implications for classroom science teaching and suggestions for future research have also been discussed.Received: 2 April 1985

Harty, Harold; Samuel, K. V.; Beall, Dwight

490

Coming to an Understanding of the Signed Numbers: How Second and Third Grade Students Make Sense of the Integers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research has been to generate learning environments that surrounded second and third grade students with bi-directional counting experiences, leading them to discover and come to an understanding of opposite numbers. While engaged in games and bi-directional activities, these young students eagerly counted, by jumping frogs…

Madsen, Mark S.

2010-01-01

491

Grade 3 Students' Mathematization through Modeling: Situation Models and Solution Models with Mutli-Digit Subtraction Problem Solving  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In considering mathematics problem solving as a model-eliciting activity (Lesh & Doerr, 2003; Lesh & Harel, 2003; Lesh & Zawojewski, 2008), it is important to know "what" students are modeling for the problems: situations or solutions. This study investigated Grade 3 students' mathematization process by examining how they modeled different…

Murata, Aki; Kattubadi, Sailaja

2012-01-01

492

Algebra Readiness for Students with Learning Difficulties in Grades 4-8: Support through the Study of Number  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developing proficiency in algebra is the focus of instruction in high school mathematics courses and is a minimum expectation for high school completion for all students including those with learning difficulties. However, the foundation for success is laid in grades 4-8 (aged 9-14). In this paper, we assert that students' development of…

Ketterlin-Geller, Leanne R.; Chard, David J.

2011-01-01

493

Increasing the Involvement of Parents in the Music Education of Fourth and Fifth Grade Students through Improved Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This practicum was designed to increase the involvement of parents in the music education of fourth and fifth grade students. A delivery system was developed to provide parents with activities, resources, and materials relating to the student's music education. Parents received the materials at no cost. The author developed a brochure and monthly…

Cowart, Valerie

494

A Teacher's Guide to Folksinging: A Mini-Elective for Students in Grades 9, 10, 11, and 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To help meet the needs of nonmusic-major students in grade 9, 10, 11, and 12, this teacher's guide offers guidelines for a course to stimulate students' interest and involvement in folksinging. Guidelines are provided on the role of the teacher, methods of instruction, and suggested time allotments. Brief descriptions and comments on some typical…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

495

The Effects of Mandatory, Competitive Science Fairs on Fifth Grade Students' Attitudes toward Science and Interests in Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This quasi-experimental study evaluated the effects of levels of participation and award structure of science fairs on elementary students' attitudes toward science and interests in science. Fifth grade students participated in one of four science fairs: mandatory/competitive, mandatory/noncompetitive, voluntary/competitive, or…

Blenis, Debra S.

496

Computer?based reading technology in the classroom: The affective influence of performance contingent point accumulation on 4 grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the number of Accelerated Reader points accumulated by students and their level of self?efficacy and value of reading. The fourteen week study examined 68 fourth grade students who attended an elementary school in a suburban location near a large Midwestern city. Self?efficacy and value of reading were assessed

S. Michael Putman

2005-01-01

497

A Comparison of Reading Achievement in Second Grade Students Using the Accelerated Reading Program and Independent Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Accelerated Reader is a computer program designed by Advantage Learning Systems to assess students' reading comprehension levels and keep detailed and accurate reports of such findings. This research studied the Accelerated Reader program with a second grade class over a 6-week time frame. One class of 20 students read books picked from the…

Toro, Adrienne

498

An Action Research on the Effects of Extrinsic Rewards on Motivation of Eighth Grade Language Arts Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Data were collected for this action research to determine the value of an extrinsic reward as a self-management tool for motivating eighth grade language arts students. The sample was drawn from students at a school in the northwest suburbs of Chicago, Illinois. The school was one of two middle schools in the city. This convenience sample…

Rejholec, Tod

499

A Growth Status Measurement Pilot in Four Calgary Area Schools: Perceptions of Grade 5 Students and Their Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reliable measures of growth in children are necessary for planning and evaluating obesity prevention programs. Currently, measured growth data are unavailable in Calgary for school-age children. This single sample, cross-sectional study included Grade 5 students and their parents. Height and weight measurements of 305 students (68% of those…

Johnston, J. Cyne T.; McNeil, Deborah A.; Best, Maureen; MacLeod, Cheryl

2011-01-01

500

Implementing Project Based Survey Research Skills to Grade Six ELP Students with "The Survey Toolkit" and "TinkerPlots"[R  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Survey Toolkit Collecting Information, Analyzing Data and Writing Reports" (Walsh, 2009a) is discussed as a survey research curriculum used by the author's sixth grade students. The report describes the implementation of "The Survey Toolkit" curriculum and "TinkerPlots"[R] software to provide instruction to students learning a project based…

Walsh, Thomas, Jr.

2011-01-01