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1

Metacognitive and language-specific knowledge in native and foreign language reading comprehension: an emprical study among Dutch students in grades 6, 8 and 10  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article gives the results of a study among 685 students in grades 6, 8 and 10 in the Netherlands to whom we administered grade-appropriate measures of reading comprehension and vocabulary knowledge in their native language (NL), Dutch, as well as, in grades 8 and 10, in English as a foreign language (EFL). All students answered the same questionnaire on

Rob Schoonen; Jan Hulstijn; Bart Bossers

1998-01-01

2

Tangrams : geometry (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using this applet for the Chinese tangram puzzle, students can experiment with the placement of the seven tangram blocks to form 14 different shapes. Shapes range from a square to a reclining human. After selecting a shape from a menu, the selected shape's outline appears on the screen. Students move, flip, and rotate each tangram block to discover how the blocks fit together to form the selected shape. For the more complicated figures, students can access a hint by clicking a button that then displays the outlines for each block. Instructions for using the applet, six additional activities, and a link to the NCTM grades 6-8 standard for geometry are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

3

Effects of the Sunny Days, Healthy Ways Curriculum on Students in Grades 6-8  

PubMed Central

Background There are few effective sun safety education programs for use in secondary schools. The project aims were to create a sun safety curriculum for grades 6–9 and to test whether exposure to the curriculum would increase children’s sun protection behavior. Design A pair-matched group-randomized pretest-posttest controlled trial, with middle schools as the unit of randomization, was performed. Teachers implemented the six-unit sun safety curriculum in 2001–03 and analyses were performed in 2003–04. Setting/participants 2038 children from 30 middle schools in Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona. Main outcome measures Self-reported sun protection behavior using frequency ratings and diary. Results Compared to control schools, children receiving the curriculum reported more frequent sun protection (p=0.0035), and a greater proportion wore long-sleeved shirts in during recess (p<0.0001) and applied sunscreen (p<0.0001). Exposure to the curriculum improved knowledge (p<0.0001), decreased perceived barriers to using sunscreen (p=0.0046), and enhanced self-efficacy expectations (p=0.0577) about sun safety, and reduced favorable attitudes toward sun tanning (p=0.0026 to <0.0001). In intent-to-treat analyses, the treatment effect was eliminated only under the most conservative assumptions about dropouts. Conclusions Educational approaches to sun safety in middle school may be effective for improving children’s sun safety. Potential trial limitations include measuring short-term outcomes, focusing on young adolescents, using active parental consent, and testing in the American southwest. PMID:16414419

Buller, David B.; Reynolds, Kim D.; Yaroch, Amy; Cutter, Gary R.; Hines, Joan M.; Geno, Cristy R.; Maloy, Julie A.; Brown, Melissa; Woodall, W. Gill; Grandpre, Joseph

2006-01-01

4

The Road Weâre On (Grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this module released by General Motors Education students (grades 6-8) learn about the science of electricity and its application to the auto industry. Included are three lesson plans (2-3 class periods each), worksheets, teacherâs guide, and an interactive online digital magazine. Lesson plans include the following topics: (1) energy sources (renewable and non-renewable), energy technology, and measuring carbon footprints, (2) battery chemistry, technology, and automotive applications, (3) innovation, the impact of innovations such as electric cars, and creating innovations.

Motors, General

5

Box model (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative enables the student to randomly generate data that is displayed on a chart. The chart shows the results of a simulated drawing with replacement from a set of numbers selected by the student. The manipulative can be used to simulate flipping a coin or tossing a die. A pause button stops the simulation. A button for showing theoretical probability places an outline on the theoretical probabilities chart, which allows the student to compare the theoretical and experimental probabilities. Instructions for how to use the manipulative, suggestions for classroom use, and a link to the NCTM standard for data analysis and probability are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

6

Congruence of triangles (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative enables the student to arrange sides and angles to construct and demonstrate the necessary and sufficient conditions for proving triangles congruent. The student drags line segments and angles to form triangles and can flip formed triangles as needed to show congruence. The student can select from options for constructing triangles given three sides (SSS), two sides and the included angle (SAS), and two angles and an included side (ASA). The applet also allows the student to experiment with the ambiguous case to find two triangles that are not congruent, given two sides and a non-included angle (SSA). Instructions for using the applet and a link to the NCTM standard for geometry are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

7

Sieve of Eratosthenes (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative offers two modes for examining the patterns of multiples found on a grid displaying the numbers 2-200. In one mode, the student clicks a number on the grid, turning it red and removing all multiples of the number from the grid. This process can be repeated until only prime numbers remain. In the other mode, the student highlights one or two numbers, with multiples of the first turning red and the second blue. In both modes, number patterns and relationships can be observed. Instructions for use, student activities, and information about the applet for parents and teachers are included, along with a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Standard for Number and Operations. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

8

Coin problem (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using a virtual balance scale in this online activity, the student solves a classic strategy puzzle by finding a counterfeit coin that is indistinguishable, except for weight, from a set of similar coins. Increasingly higher levels of difficulty are provided. At the easiest level, there are eight coins, and the student is challenged to find the counterfeit coin in two weighings. The student experiments with different combinations of coins to find a winning strategy. At the most challenging level, there are 12 coins, with the counterfeit coin either lighter or heavier than the others. The challenge is to find the counterfeit coin in three weighings. Instructions for using the manipulative, strategy tips, and a link to the NCTM standard for algebra are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

9

MRC: Mission Measurements Grade 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about how to answer a scientific or engineering question. Learners will refine the scientific question they generated in Lesson 5 so that it can be answered by data and/or modeling, brainstorm possible solutions for the scientific question chosen, determine reasonableness of solutions, use concept maps to enhance meaningful learning. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, two Vocabulary Cards, and a concept map supplement. This is lesson 6 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

10

Towers of Hanoi : algebra (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online version of the classic Towers of Hanoi puzzle features three spindles and a graduated stack of discs with the largest disc on the bottom. The student solves the puzzle by moving all discs from the original spindle to a new spindle in the smallest number of moves possible while never placing a larger disc on a smaller disc. The manipulative keeps track of the number of moves that have been taken. The student selects the number of discs, ranging from two to eight, and can click the reset button to return all discs to the original position on one spindle and restart the counter at zero. Instructions for using the manipulative and a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) grade 6-8 standard for algebra are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

11

The People of South Asia [Grades 6-8].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A resource book for grades 6-8 contains materials to enrich a unit on South Asia. Material is divided into 13 sections. Sections 1-4 outline the rationale, goals, and objectives of the unit. Emphasis is placed on providing background for the understanding of South Asian cultural groups in the United States. Ten objectives are listed, including the…

Adams, George; And Others

12

USDA Ag in the Classroom-www.agclassroom.org Prairie Scavenger Hunt-Grades 6-8: T-1  

E-print Network

USDA ­ Ag in the Classroom-www.agclassroom.org Prairie Scavenger Hunt-Grades 6-8: T-1 Prairie Scavenger Hunt Overview While visiting the Listening to the Prairie exhibition, students will search-www.agclassroom.org Prairie Scavenger Hunt-Grades 6-8: T-2 by replacing native grasses with profitable grains and legumes

Mathis, Wayne N.

13

Introduction to Communication, Grades 6-8 [with CD-ROM]. The Math Process Standards, Grades 6-8 Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' (NCTM's) Process Standards support teaching that helps students develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every middle grades math teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. The series offers friendly,…

O'Connell, Susan; Croskey, Suzanne G.

2008-01-01

14

Vocational Consumer Education: Homemaking, Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide presents a sequential program for Grades 6, 7, and 8 in vocational homemaking education in the Fort Worth, Texas, public schools. Concepts, behavioral objectives, generalization, and learning experiences are shown for nutrition and meal management, consumer education, home management and housing, family living, child…

West, Doris; And Others

15

MRC: Overview of the Solar System Grades 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about size and scale of the solar system. Learners will review the structure, content and size of the Solar System. This lesson is designed using the 5E instructional model and includes: teacher training, unit pacing guides, essential questions, a black-line master science notebook, a student presentation booklet, supplemental materials, and vocabulary for both students and teachers. This is lesson 1 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

16

Design Your Own Rube Goldberg Machine. Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rube Goldberg is famous for his very complex machines that accomplish everyday tasks. In this activity, students design and build a Rube Goldberg machine that will accomplish a simple task in no less than 10 steps. This activity requires a 120-360 minute time period for completion. (Author/SOE)

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

17

MRC: Selecting Teams Rover Mission Grade 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about scientific and enginering investigation. Learners will review what they have learned, construct a valid scientific question that can be answered by data and/or modeling, and choose an appropriate mission for their rover that will answer their scientific question. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes : TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, four Vocabulary Cards, and supplements on Writing a Scientific Question and Mission Choices. This is lesson 5 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

18

MRC: Manual and Skit Grade 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about mission presentation. Learners will brainstorm ideas to be developed into a team skit, work cooperatively to assign duties and write a team skit, collaborate with team members to complete the Mars Rover Manual. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, three Vocabulary Cards, the Manual Template, and a presentation writing Mini-Lesson. This is lesson 13 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

19

MRC: Spacecraft Structure and Design Grade 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about spacecraft structure and design. Learners will investigate probes and rovers to learn how they are built, learn about the propulsion, navigation, controls and daily handling of spacecraft, gather, and analyze data from multiple sources on the internet, understand how rovers communicate with Earth. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, two Vocabulary Cards, a Vocabulary Toolbox and four workstation handouts. This is lesson 9 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

20

MRC: Brainstorm and Preliminary Design Grade 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson plan about the engineering design process. Learners will identify, become familiar with and use the Engineering Design Process, use the Engineering Design Process to sketch a reasonable drawing of the rover that will be built, use the steps of the Engineering Design Process to build a Mars Rover prototype, develop a concept map to communicate requirements and features of the rover. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, three Vocabulary Cards, and a concept map Mini-Lesson. This is lesson 11 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

21

Environmental Resource Guide: Air Quality. A Series of Classroom Activities for Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many different types of air quality can be studied in middle school science classes using available supplies. This grade 6-8 activity guide was developed to provide opportunities for children to learn about the issue of air quality. Sixteen hands-on activities integrate the issue into middle school science classes. A chart categorizes the…

Reed, Elizabeth W., Ed.

22

Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class, Grades 6-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This new addition to Math Solutions "Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class series" offers a wealth of lessons and strategies for modifying grades 6-8 instruction. Section I presents an overview of teaching math to English learners: the research, the challenges, the linguistic demands of a math lesson, and specific strategies and…

Melanese, Kathy; Chung, Luz; Forbes, Cheryl

2011-01-01

23

Introduction to Problem Solving, Grades 6-8 [with CD-ROM]. The Math Process Standards, Grades 6-8 Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' (NCTM's) Process Standards support teaching that helps students develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every middle grades math teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. The series offers friendly,…

Schackow, Joy Bronston; O'Connell, Susan

2008-01-01

24

Connecting the Dots: A Handbook Series for Teachers of English Language Arts, Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to grow into a 2-inch three-ring binder, this handbook is part of a series for teachers of grades 6-8 language arts. The handbook aims to clarify some points, to provide a framework for new teachers and to give veteran teachers some new ideas. Volume I contains activities to use in the classroom, and Volume II is "all about books." The…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Instructional Services.

25

Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8: Climate Change Curriculum Developed Through a Collaboration Between Scientists and Educators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today's youth have been tasked with the overwhelming job of addressing the world's climate future. The students who will become the scientists, policy makers, and citizens of tomorrow must gain a robust understanding of the causes and effects of climate change, as well as possible adaptation strategies. Currently, there are few high quality curricula available to teachers that address these topics in a developmentally appropriate manner. The NOAA-funded Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8 aims to address this gap by providing teachers with scientifically accurate climate change curriculum that hits on some of the most salient points in climate science, while simultaneously developing students' science process skills. The Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8 is developed through a collaboration between some of the nation's leading ocean and climate scientists and the Lawrence Hall of Science's highly qualified GEMS (Great Explorations in Math & Science) curriculum development team. Scientists are active partners throughout the whole development process, from initial brainstorming of key concepts and creating the conceptual storyline for the curriculum to final review of the content and activities. As with all GEMS Sequences, the Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8 is designed to provide significant scientific and educational depth, systematic assessments and informational readings, and incorporate new learning technologies. The goal is to focus strategically and effectively on the core concepts within ocean and climate sciences that students need to understand. This curriculum is designed in accordance with the latest research from the learning sciences, and provides numerous opportunities for students to develop inquiry skills and abilities as they learn about the practice of science through hands-on activities. The Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8 addresses in depth a significant number of national, state, and district standards and benchmarks. It aligns with the Ocean Literacy and Climate Literacy Frameworks, as well as multiple core ideas in the new National Academy of Sciences Framework for K-12 Science Education. In brief, the curriculum comprises 33 45-minute sessions organized into three thematic units that are each driven by an exploratory question: Unit 1 (11 sessions)-How do the ocean and atmosphere interact?; Unit 2 (8 sessions)-How does carbon flow through the ocean, land, and atmosphere?; and Unit 3 (12 sessions)-What are the causes and effects of climate change? The curriculum deliberately explores the ocean and climate as global systems, and challenges students to use scientific evidence to make explanations about climate change. The Ocean Sciences Sequence for Grades 6-8 is currently being classroom tested by teachers across the United States in a wide variety of classroom settings. Evaluation is also being undertaken to determine the efficacy of the sequence in addressing the curriculum's learning goals.

Weiss, E.; Skene, J.; Tran, L.

2011-12-01

26

Teaching the Common Core Math Standards with Hands-On Activities, Grades 6-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The new Common Core State Standards for Mathematics have been formulated to provide students with instruction that will help them acquire a thorough knowledge of math at their grade level, which will in turn enable them to move on to higher mathematics with competence and confidence. "Hands-on Activities for Teaching the Common Core Math…

Muschla, Judith A.; Muschla, Gary Robert; Muschla, Erin

2012-01-01

27

Study of the Reliability of CCSS-Aligned Math Measures (2012 Research Version): Grades 6-8. Technical Report #1312  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this technical report, we describe the results of a study of mathematics items written to align with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in grades 6-8. In each grade, CCSS items were organized into forms, and the reliability of these forms was evaluated along with an experimental form including items aligned with the National Council of…

Anderson, Daniel; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

28

Computer/ Technology Skills Standard Course of Study and Grade Level Competencies, 6-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Computer/Technology Skills Standard Course of Study describes the progressive development of knowledge and skills in six strands: Societal and Ethical Issues, Database, Spreadsheet Keyboard Utilization/Word Processing/Desktop Publishing, Multimedia/Presentation, and Telecommunications/Internet. In the primary grades, the objectives focus on…

North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2004

2004-01-01

29

Developing Essential Understanding of Ratios, Proportions, and Proportional Reasoning for Teaching Mathematics: Grades 6-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do you refute the erroneous claim that all ratios are fractions? This book goes beyond a simple introduction to ratios, proportions, and proportional reasoning. It will help broaden and deepen your mathematical understanding of one of the most challenging topics for students--and teachers--to grasp. It will help you engage your students,…

Lobato, Joanne; Ellis, Amy; Zbiek, Rose Mary

2010-01-01

30

RTI with Differentiated Instruction, Grades 6-8: A Classroom Teacher's Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collecting, processing, and using assessment data to form instruction for each student can be overwhelming--especially with so much diversity in the classroom. Help is here, with this hands-on guide that brings together the two leading approaches to teaching students of varying abilities: Response to Instruction and Intervention (RTI) and…

O'Meara, Jodi

2011-01-01

31

Student Grade History System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the computerized procedures developed and utilized by Montgomery College (Maryland) to maintain records related to student academic progress. The new system was fully operable by fall 1972. Systems development included: (1) the conversion of past student records to a permanent grade history file; (2) the development of a…

White, Stephen R.

32

Do as the Romans: Construct an Aqueduct! Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this activity, students work with specified materials to create aqueduct components to transport two liters of water across a short distance in the classroom. The goal is to build an aqueduct that will supply Aqueductis, a Roman city, with clean water for private homes, public baths, and glorious fountains. By introducing various ideas and…

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

33

Assessing the Effectiveness of a Mathematics-Focused, Instructional Technology Program for Grades 6-8: A 5-Year Trend Analysis of NASA CONNECT(tm) Evaluation Data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA CONNECT is a research-, inquiry, and standards-based, integrated mathematics, science, and technology series of 30-minute instructional distance learning (television and web-based) programs for students in grades 6 8. Respondents who evaluated the programs in the series over the first five seasons (1998-99 through 2002-03) reported that (1) they used the programs in the series; (2) the goals and objectives for the series were met; (3) the programs were aligned with the national mathematics, science, and technology standards; (4) the program content was developmentally appropriate for the grade level; and (5) the programs in the series enhanced and enriched the teaching of mathematics, science, and technology.

Glassman, Nanci A.; Perry, Jeannine B.; Giersch, Christopher E.; Lambert, Matthew A.; Pinelli, Thomas E.

2004-01-01

34

Stick or switch : data analysis and probability (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students can play an interactive version of the game Let's Make a Deal. Players are given a choice of three doors--one of which hides a good prize, while the other two hide loser prizes. They select, but do not see, one door. Host Monty Hall reveals a prize behind one of the remaining doors. Players can either stick with the originally selected door and prize or switch to the other door. The cumulative percentages generated by sticking or switching after playing multiple games is displayed. One button labeled Strategy leads to questions that discuss the probability of winning with each strategy. A Multiple Game option generates outcome data based on playing a large number of games. Instructions for using the game and a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standard for data analysis and probability are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mathematics, Utah S.

2003-01-01

35

easyCBM CCSS Math Item Scaling and Test Form Revision (2012-2013): Grades 6-8. Technical Report #1313  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this technical report is to document the piloting and scaling of new easyCBM mathematics test items aligned with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and to describe the process used to revise and supplement the 2012 research version easyCBM CCSS math tests in Grades 6-8. For all operational 2012 research version test forms (10…

Anderson, Daniel; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

36

How Second-Grade Students Internalize Rules during Teacher-Student Transactions: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Vygotsky's theory of the internalization of signs provided the basis for this study. Aims: This study tried to analyse the processes by which second-grade students internalize school rules. Sample: Ethnographic data were collected on 102 lessons in a second-grade class (6-8 years) during 1 year. This study focused on three lessons…

Meard, Jacques; Bertone, Stefano; Flavier, Eric

2008-01-01

37

Alternatives to Grading Student Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The result of an investigation into the grading writing by the National Council of Teachers of English Committee on Alternatives to Grading Student Writing, this collection of essays offers the writing teacher several innovative and interesting options. Following an introduction by the editor (chair of the Committee), in which he delineates the…

Tchudi, Stephen, Ed.

38

USDA Ag in the Classroom-www.agclassroom.org Just Passing Through-Grades 6-8: T-1  

E-print Network

bottle inverted over the beaker. Pour 300mL of water into a 500mL beaker or other clear container and mark the level in black. Have students notice the clarity of the water. Ask students what will happen Through Overview Students will investigate soils and observe how water moves through soil, how soil

Mathis, Wayne N.

39

The Value of a Thematic Organization for Language Arts, Grades 6-8. ERIC Topical Bibliography and Commentary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This topical bibliography and commentary highlights the major points of the available literature on the value of using a "thematic organization" for the teaching of language arts classes in grades 6 through 8. It begins with a definition of the thematic organization approach, as culled from the literature. It then presents briefly a few examples…

Smith, Carl B., Ed.

40

Sea Turtle Trek, Hammocks Beach State Park: An Environmental Education Learning Experience Designed for Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Hammocks Beach State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets the curriculum objectives of the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are…

Bland, Samuel S.

41

Sea Turtle Trek. Hammocks Beach State Park: An Environmental Education Learning Experience Designed for Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Hammocks Beach State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets curriculum objectives of the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are included:…

Bland, Samuel S.

42

Physical Development and Health, Grades 3, 6, 8, 10, 12. State Goals for Learning and Sample Learning Objectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document sets forth the state goals for learning in the area of physical development and health for elementary and secondary students in Illinois. The final objective of this schooling is to provide students with the knowledge and attitudes to achieve healthful living throughout their lives and to acquire physical fitness, coordination, and…

Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield.

43

Grading student programs - a software testing approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an experience of automating the grading of student programs. A testing framework provides guidance for developing the assignment specification and the grading program. Automation saves time and improves grading consistency and feedback to students. After an adjustment period, student programs improved. Although the instructor invests more time writing a testable assignment specification and developing the grading program,

Edward L. Jones

2000-01-01

44

USDA Ag in the Classroom-www.agclassroom.org Striking a Balance-Grades 6-8: T-1  

E-print Network

tag, and simulating feeding relationships. Popcorn is spread over a lawn, park, or playground area. The kernels of popcorn represent plants, which are the food sources for the plant eaters. Some students play, populations (popcorn "plants", grasshoppers, frogs, and hawks) are so small that the survival of one of each

Mathis, Wayne N.

45

Criterion Validity Evidence for the easyCBM© CCSS Math Measures: Grades 6-8. Technical Report #1402  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The easyCBM© CCSS Math tests were developed to help inform teachers' instructional decisions by providing relevant information on students' mathematical skills, relative to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS). This technical report describes a study to explore the validity of the easyCBM© CCSS Math tests by evaluating the relation…

Anderson, Daniel; Rowley, Brock; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

46

The entomologist as a science partner and curriculum advisor: The Earth School model for grades 6--8  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Earth School model for creation of partnerships between university scientists and public schools began with a traditional research project involving the study of macroinvertebrate recolonization of agriculturally based restored wetlands. From fieldwork designed to address hypotheses of community composition over time, protocols and equipment evolved for application in middle-school classrooms. In addition to classroom teachers guiding their students in replicating active scientific research, the inclusion of a science partner was key to the success of this model. To ensure that the classroom teachers were themselves comfortable as researchers, monthly staff development workshops were conducted as a component of the Earth School model. The use of entomology as a unifying theme for educational scientific investigation lets the student explore virtually every other system in the biosphere. Because of the unparalleled survivability and adaptability of insects, we can find examples from all biomes, all time references and all disciplines. Over the course of long-term continuous exploration, learners become familiar with relationships and patterns evident in natural situations. These same patterns of birth, growth and decay are much more vividly demonstrated in the field than in textbooks. Similarly, concrete examples of feeding relationships between organisms are plentiful in nearly any outdoor situation. The following model incorporates current research from multiple scientific disciplines but focuses on the many and varied research activities offered by the entomological community. Teachers and students in a primarily urban setting made extensive use of the materials developed through the course of this model's development. Their feedback as the materials were integrated into an established curriculum allowed for the fine-tuning of activity development. A conversion template has evolved that gives teachers, curriculum directors, parents and other educators a simple mechanism for adapting the work of leading researchers into activities suitable for all age levels and all learning abilities. As public schools rally to change the course of science education, they are met with a seemingly never-ending supply of materials promoted as hands-on learning. To the extent that the manipulation of tangible objects and materials supports identified outcome objectives, these materials fulfill their promise. Although there is merit in offering these types of kinesthetic experiences to reinforce theories and principles of science, this approach does not address the same goal as activities that promote 'doing science' through investigation and discovery using a process that includes observation, inquiry, design and collaboration. The active recruiting of and collaboration with science partners from universities offers public school teachers and their students an alternative for curriculum enrichment as the nation strives to reach literacy goals in the sciences.

Marshall, Bethany Johnston

47

Titan Youth Sports Camps Health Examination Form Choose One: Volleyball Elementary (grades 2-5) Volleyball Middle School (grades 6-8)  

E-print Network

Titan Youth Sports Camps Health Examination Form Choose One: Volleyball ­ Elementary (grades 2 the following: Medication: Dose/Time: Medication: Dose/Time: IMPORTANT: Please notify the Titan Athletic

48

Lunar Nautics: Designing a Mission to Live and Work on the Moon. An Educator's Guide for Grades 6-8. EG-2008-09-129-MSFC  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lunar Nautics is a hands-on curriculum targeted to youth in grades 6 to 8, that allows the students to design, test, analyze and manage a space mission from initial concept to project funding. Lunar Nautics provides opportunities for development of problem solving skills and critical thinking skills that are needed to design, organize and manage a…

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 2007

2007-01-01

49

Grades and student evaluations of teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the relationship between grading practices and student evaluations is especially important in higher education because of the increasing importance of this instrument in the promotion process. If evaluations can be increased by giving higher grades, then they are a flawed instrument for the evaluation of teaching. Further, this process may be contributing to the inflation of grades in higher

Anthony C. Krautmann; William Sander

1999-01-01

50

Thermal Biology in Yellowstone National Park 6-8Photosynthesis and Respiration of Microscopic Life -Student Lab  

E-print Network

requires energy, they can tap into the stored sugar energy using a process called cellular respiration. Cellular respiration refers to the process of converting the chemical energy of organic moleculesThermal Biology in Yellowstone National Park 6-8Photosynthesis and Respiration of Microscopic Life

51

College Course Grades for Dual Enrollment Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared college course grade outcomes, both during and after high school, of dual-enrollment students to those of traditional students. The study was based on a large, multiyear sample of Iowa high school and community college students. The results showed that while in high school, dual-enrollment students consistently outperformed…

Crouse, Jill D.; Allen, Jeff

2014-01-01

52

Student perception of academic grading: Personality, academic orientation, and effort  

Microsoft Academic Search

Factors influencing student perceptions of academic grading were examined, with an emphasis on furthering understanding of the relevance of effort to students’ conceptualization of grading. Students demonstrated a conceptualization of grading where effort should be weighted comparably to actual performance in importance to the composition of a grade, with the expectation that grade allocation should reflect this perception. Students suggested

Gregory K. Tippin; Kathryn D. Lafreniere; Stewart Page

2012-01-01

53

Student Evaluations of Faculty Grading Methods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys of business students who completed written problems (n=56) and those who wrote essays (n=249) were analyzed. Two major complaints about grading were lack of fairness and too little feedback. Ways to address these complaints were suggested. (SK)

Holmes, Linda E.; Smith, Lois J.

2003-01-01

54

Developing Middle Grades Students' MP3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Middle grades are a critical time for capturing the interest and imagination and developing the potential of mathematically promising students. This is a time for students to make sense of mathematics, build a solid foundation and enthusiasm, and set the course for the highest levels of mathematics in the future. This is a time to explore their…

Tassell, Janet; Stobaugh, Rebecca; Sheffield, Linda

2011-01-01

55

Civics for ESOL Students, Grade 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide for grade 9 civics instruction for students of English as a second language (ESOL) contains, in outline form, civics behavioral objectives and instructional units. Units of instruction cover American symbols, politicians, colonial Americans, principles of government, the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution,…

Harrison, John S.

56

Osteoporosis Risk Factors in Eighth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents findings from food frequency questionnaires and surveys of 138 Midwestern eighth-grade student-parent pairs. The study examined the incidence of modifiable and nonmodifiable osteoporosis risk factors and compared gender differences. Data analysis indicated that many adolescents possessed several modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors…

Lysen, Victoria C.; Walker, Robert

1997-01-01

57

Hubble Space Telescope Deep Field Lesson Package. Teacher's Guide, Grades 6-8. Amazing Space: Education On-Line from the Hubble Space Telescope.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lesson guide accompanies the Hubble Deep Field set of 10 lithographs and introduces 4 astronomy lesson plans for middle school students. Lessons include: (1) "How Many Objects Are There?"; (2) "Classifying and Identifying"; (3) "Estimating Distances in Space"; and (4) "Review and Assessment." Appendices contain students sheets for other…

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.

58

On-Demand Grades: The Effect of Online Grade Book Access on Student Mastery and Performance Goal Orientations, Grade Orientation, Academic Self Efficacy, and Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the widespread growth of broadband Internet access, teachers, and in many cases, schools and school districts are transitioning from traditional paper-based grade books to student accessible online (Web-based) grade books. Online grade books offer students 24/7, on demand access to grades and various other student data, and have the potential…

Seldow, Adam Lowell

2010-01-01

59

The Real Reasons for Seasons--Sun-Earth Connections: Unraveling Misconceptions about the Earth and Sun. Grades 6-8. Teacher's Guide. LHS GEMS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is aimed at helping students arrive at a clear understanding of seasons as they investigate the connections between the sun and the earth. Activities include: (1) "Name the Season"; (2) "Sun-Earth Survey"; (3) "Trip to the Sun"; (4) "What Shape is Earth's Orbit?"; (5) "Temperatures around the World"; (6) "Days and Nights around the…

Gould, Alan; Willard, Carolyn; Pompea, Stephen

60

The Alignment of the easyCBM Grades 6-8 Math Measures to the Common Core Standards. Technical Report #1230  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within a response to intervention system of teaching and learning, important instructional decision-making (e.g., implementation of targeted intervention) is regularly tied to the results of formative assessments administered to students throughout the academic year. The validity of these instructional decisions depends to an extent on the…

Irvin, P. Shawn; Park, Bitnara Jasmine; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

61

Retaining Students in Grade: Consequences for Florida. Policy Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eliminating social promotion, retaining students in grade, and using proficiency standards to determine students' progress through grades was intended to make schools accountable and increase academic achievement. Research evidence demonstrates that grade retention does not improve achievement and may increase the chances of a student dropping out…

Smith, Mary Lee

2004-01-01

62

Do Students' Grades in High School Biology Accurately Predict Their Grades in College Biology?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors analyzed how students' grades in high school biology courses are associated with their predicted and actual grades in college courses. The results of the study revealed a disconnect between high school and college biology courses. High school students are not well-served by high grades in high school courses that are not…

Jensen, Philip A.; Moore, Randy

2008-01-01

63

Implications of the Effects of Grade Configurations on Fifth Grade Students' Science Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if grade level configuration and student achievement in science, specifically fifth grade Science TAKS scores are related. This study utilized a causal comparative (ex post facto) design to determine if a consistent relationship existed between fifth grade students' success on the science TAKS at the…

Johnson, Delonda

2011-01-01

64

Grade Level Retention of Texas Students, 1996-97 Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report looks at student retention in Texas over a 4-year period, beginning with the 1993-94 school year. Grade-level retention is typically defined as having a student repeat an unsuccessful grade or holding back a child not developmentally ready to enter school. The information is analyzed by grade, ethnicity, and gender, as well as other…

Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Research and Evaluation.

65

Student Achievement in Multigrade and Single Grade Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Finds that, among 418 students in 8 New Brunswick (Canada) elementary schools, students in multigrade classes and matched peers in single grades 1-5 did not differ significantly in grade points or total achievement test scores. Reports that 27 of 34 teachers surveyed preferred teaching single grade classes. (SV)

Brown, Kenneth G.; Martin, Andrew B.

1989-01-01

66

Students' Behaviors, Grades & Perceptions in an Introductory Biology Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students enter college exceedingly confident that they will earn high grades and engage themselves fully in their courses. However, students' grades and academic behaviors often do not match their expectations. This is especially true in introductory science courses, where grades and academic engagement are often low, even in courses taught by…

Jensen, Philip A.; Moore, Randy

2008-01-01

67

How Does Social Background Affect the Grades and Grade Careers of Norwegian Economics Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article examines how social background characteristics affect the academic achievement and grade careers of Norwegian economics students. The analyses show that the parents' social class is of great importance for the offspring's grades. Students with parents who are academics perform better than their fellow students of working-class…

Helland, Havard

2007-01-01

68

Seventh grade students' conceptions of global warming and climate change  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate seventh grade students' conceptions of global warming and climate change. The study was descriptive in nature and involved the collection of qualitative data from 91 seventh grade students from three different schools in the Midwest, USA. An open response and draw and explain assessment instrument was administered to students. These data were

Daniel P. Shepardson; Dev Niyogi; Soyoung Choi; Umarporn Charusombat

2009-01-01

69

Investigation of Fifth Grade Students' Mathematical Calibration Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to develop a scale to measure fifth grade students' mathematical calibration skills. Besides, it aims to determine students' calibration skills through this scale. Results of the study revealed that fifth-grade students (n = 94) enrolling to study, have a medium-high level of (M = 55.12, SD = 21.76) mathematical…

Ozsoy, Gokhan

2012-01-01

70

Teacher Effects on Minority and Disadvantaged Students' Grade 4 Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the differential effects of teachers on female, minority, and low-socioeconomic status (SES) students' achievement in Grade 4. They used data from a randomized experiment (Project STAR) and its follow-up study (LBS). Student outcomes included Grade 4 SAT scores in mathematics, reading, and science and student demographics…

Konstantopoulos, Spyros; Chung, Vicki

2011-01-01

71

Concept mapping and science achievement of middle-grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to examine the effects of concept mapping on science achievement of middle grade science students. Concept mapping is a graphic display of concepts and the relationships or links among them. A concept map represents the students' understanding of a body of knowledge. The subjects were one hundred eighty-two eighth grade students, distributed into eight intact earth

Donald Snead

2000-01-01

72

Ninth Grade Students' Understanding of The Nature of Scientific Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the 9th-grade students' understandings of the nature of scientific knowledge. The study also aimed to investigate the differences in students' understanding of the nature of scientific knowledge by gender, and school types. A total of 575 ninth grade students from four different school types (General…

Kilic, Kerem; Sungur, Semra; Cakiroglu, Jale; Tekkaya, Ceren

2005-01-01

73

The Effects of Student and Text Characteristics on the Oral Reading Fluency of Middle-Grade Students  

PubMed Central

We evaluated the effects of student characteristics (sight word reading efficiency, phonological decoding, verbal knowledge, level of reading ability, grade, gender) and text features (passage difficulty, length, genre, and language and discourse attributes) on the oral reading fluency of a sample of middle-school students in Grades 6–8 (N = 1,794). Students who were struggling (n = 704) and typically developing readers (n = 1,028) were randomly assigned to read five 1-min passages from each of 5 Lexile bands (within student range of 550 Lexiles). A series of multilevel analyses showed that student and text characteristics contributed uniquely to oral reading fluency rates. Student characteristics involving sight word reading efficiency and level of decoding ability accounted for more variability than reader type and verbal knowledge, with small, but statistically significant effects of grade and gender. The most significant text feature was passage difficulty level. Interactions involving student text characteristics, especially attributes involving overall ability level and difficulty of the text, were also apparent. These results support views of the development of oral reading fluency that involve interactions of student and text characteristics and highlight the importance of scaling for passage difficulty level in assessing individual differences in oral reading fluency. PMID:24567659

Barth, Amy E.; Tolar, Tammy D.; Fletcher, Jack M.; Francis, David

2014-01-01

74

International Space Station: 6-8 Hands-on Science and Math Lesson Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These lesson plans, designed for grades 6-8, have been developed to provide a guide to hands-on experience in science and math. They focus on an International Space Station and are designed for use with students working in groups. The three lesson plans highlighting the importance of the scientific method are: (1) International Space Station…

Armstrong, Pat

75

Academic Grades of Ninth-Grade Urban Learning-Disabled Students and Low-Achieving Peers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The academic performance of 86 mainstreamed learning-disabled students was compared with that of 87 low-achieving students. Significant differences were found between the groups' grades in social studies and health but not in science. Of intelligence quotient, reading level, and absence rates, only absence rates differentiated between ninth grade

Donahoe, Kathleen; Zigmond, Naomi

1990-01-01

76

Making the Grade: Understanding Learning and Grade Orientations of First-Year Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

First-year undergraduate students enter college with varying expectations, motivations, and goals and are being bombarded with messages about the importance of grades, sometimes to the detriment of learning. This descriptive, cross-sectional study employs LOGO II to describe the learning and grade orientations of first-year students and identify…

Purcell, Jennifer M.

2009-01-01

77

SCIENCE TEACHING METHODS PREFERRED BY GRADE 9 STUDENTS IN FINLAND  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students find science relevant to society, but they do not find school science interesting. This survey study analyzes Finnish\\u000a grade 9 students’ actual experiences with science teaching methods and their preferences for how they would like to study\\u000a science. The survey data were collected from 3,626 grade 9 students (1,772 girls and 1,832 boys) across randomly sampled secondary\\u000a schools. Students

Kalle Juuti; Jari Lavonen; Anna Uitto; Reijo Byman; Veijo Meisalo

2010-01-01

78

Fifth Grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Earthquakes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study intends to investigate the fifth grade students' conceptions of earthquakes. Twenty two grade 5 students (11-12 years old) from five different elementary schools in Istanbul voluntarily participated in the study. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews with each participant. Six interview questions were designed by…

Savasci, Funda; Uluduz, Hatice

2013-01-01

79

Omani Twelfth Grade Students' Most Common Misconceptions in Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study, undertaken in the Sultanate of Oman, explored twelfth grade students' common misconceptions in seven chemistry conceptual areas. The sample included 786 twelfth grade students in Oman while the instrument was a two-tier test called Chemistry Misconceptions Diagnostic Test (CMDT), consisting of 25 items with 12 items…

Al-Balushi, Sulaiman M.; Ambusaidi, Abdullah K.; Al-Shuaili, Ali H.; Taylor, Neil

2012-01-01

80

Students' Distress over Grades: Entitlement or a Coping Response?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faculties across disciplines have noted an increasing number of students who are highly distressed over grades, and this distress is accompanied by pervasive demands on professors. The student behavior takes several forms, including demands for higher grades, expectations of special accommodations by faculty, and the predictions of dire outcomes…

Baer, Judith C.

2011-01-01

81

Grade Level Retention of Texas Students. 1994-95 Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Texas Education Code requires the Texas Education Agency to submit a comprehensive biennial report on the number of students retained in grade level in the Texas public school system. This report presents a summary of the literature on the effects of grade level retention on the academic, social, and psychological development of students,…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

82

Grades and college students' evaluations of their courses and teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

From a review of existing research, it is concluded that college students' anticipated or actual grades in class are positively related to their evaluation of their courses and teachers. In general, the size of the association is small but not unimportant. A student's overall grade-point average appears to have little or no relationship to teacher or course evaluation, although limited

Kenneth A. Feldman

1976-01-01

83

Effective Teaching and Student Independence at Grade 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated how five Australian teachers, who were considered to be exemplary in helping students develop independence, influenced and guided their students to extremely high grades in 12th grade. Teachers were observed teaching a lesson and then interviewed. The interviews asked them to identify successful outcomes of the lesson and…

Ayres, Paul; Sawyer, Wayne; Dinham, Steve

84

Michigan Educational Assessment Program Student Assessment Booklets for Career Development. Test Number 31, Grade 4. Test Number 61, Grade 7. Test Number 62, Grade 7. Test Number 91, Grade 10. Test Number 92, Grade 10. Test Number 93, Grade 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of the career development curriculum materials for Michigan schools, this packet contains six sample student assessment test booklets. One of the test booklets provided is for grade 4; two are for grade 7; three are for grade 10. The booklets assess students' progress in meeting the state's essential performance objectives for career…

Michigan State Board of Education, Lansing.

85

Self-Perceived Levels of Responsibility in Seventh Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, conducted at Churchill Junior High School in Royal Oak, Michigan, examined the effectiveness of the Student Responsibility Profile (SRP)and investigated the attitudes of eighth grade students and teachers toward the SRP. The profile allows staff members to evaluate student responsibility performance in 10 areas and allows students to…

Martello, Chris

86

Minicourses for Deaf Students in the Intermediate Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A minicourse program with students from grades four through eight at the Oregon State School for the Deaf has been rewarding for teachers and students by serving to develop skills in immediate practical areas of the student's experience as well as in developing recreational skills and interests in such activities as chess, mime, and karate, and…

Anderson, Peter E.; Shepard, Charlotte H.

1977-01-01

87

Creating Sacred Places for Students in Grades 9-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide attempts to help teachers of American Indian students in grades 9-12 provide a culturally relevant education that takes place in the regular classroom, includes content related to Indian students' lives, makes students proud, expands to other experiences, and enhances learning. Creating sacred places means responding appropriately to…

Fox, Sandra J.

88

Creating Sacred Places for Students in Grades 7&8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide attempts to help teachers of American Indian students in grades 7-8 provide a culturally relevant education that takes place in the regular classroom, includes content related to Indian students' lives, makes students proud, expands to other experiences, and enhances learning. Creating sacred places means responding appropriately to…

Fox, Sandra J.

89

Seventh Grade Students' Mental Models of the Greenhouse Effect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This constructivist study investigates 225 student drawings and explanations from three different schools in the midwest in the US, to identify seventh grade students' mental models of the greenhouse effect. Five distinct mental models were derived from an inductive analysis of the content of the students' drawings and explanations: Model 1, a…

Shepardson, Daniel P.; Choi, Soyoung; Niyogi, Dev; Charusombat, Umarporn

2011-01-01

90

Early identification of future medical students using initial undergraduate grades.  

PubMed

This study assessed whether overall academic performance in undergraduate medical coursework can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using grades from initial college-level courses rather than total premedical grade point averages (GPAs). Initial college grades from four areas, MCAT scores, and NBME I and II scores were recorded for students admitted to the University of Washington Medical School, for students admitted to other medical schools, and for students not admitted to any medical school. The results documented a high relationship between cumulative GPAs and initial grades, with differences found between those students admitted to medical school and those not admitted. The importance of this study is the documentation that little predictive utility is gained by waiting for overall college GPAs from medical school applicants. Initial GPAs are available 2 years earlier than overall GPAs and provide virtually the same information. Exploratory suggestions for medical school admission policies are made. PMID:3205189

Scott, C S; Greig, L M; Brock, D M; Hunt, D D; Shaad, D C; Carline, J D

1988-09-01

91

Students' Perceptions of and Satisfaction with Group Grades and the Group Experience in the College Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measured college students' perceptions of group grades and satisfaction. Found that the less group grade experience a student has, the more likely they are to agree that everyone deserves the same grade; students who work part-time are more likely to think that a group grade is a fair assessment than students who work full-time; and older students

Barfield, Rufus L.

2003-01-01

92

Comparison between teacher grading and student self-grading in different modules of agronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The adaptation of the Universities to European Higher Education Area (EHEA) involves changes in the learning system. Students must obtain specific capabilities in the different degrees or masters. For example, in the degree of Agronomy at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (Spain), they must command mathematics, English informatics or crop production. Moreover, students must attain personal skills such as leadership, team work, a critical spirit and a social, environmental and ethical commitment with the environment and the society. A way to evaluate the critical spirit of the students is to compare the grade obtained in a specific module with the grade that the students think he should get. The aim of this work is to evaluate the differences between teacher and student grading in different subjects related to soil science in different degrees and masters courses at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid.

Méndez, A.; Paz-Ferreiro, J.; Guerrero, F.; Gascó, J. M.; Saá, A.; Tarquis, A. M.; Gascó, G.

2012-04-01

93

Alternative Futures for the Education of Students with Severe Disabilities. Proceedings of the Conference on Severe and Multiple Handicaps: Alternative Futures (Edmonton, Canada, May 6-8, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 23 papers given at a 1987 Edmonton (Canada) conference. Papers have the following titles and authors: "Current Trends and Future Challenges in the Education of Students with Severe Handicaps" (Dick Sobsey); "How Often Do You Need to Collect Student Performance Data? A Study of the Effects of Frequency of Probe Data Collection…

Baine, David, Ed.; And Others

94

Implementing Guided Reading Strategies with Kindergarten and First Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the action research project report, the teacher researchers found that many kindergarten and first-grade students did not have the reading readiness skills to be reading at their benchmark target. The purpose of the project was to improve the students overall reading ability. The dates of the project began on September 8 through December 20,…

Abbott, Lindsey; Dornbush, Abby; Giddings, Anne; Thomas, Jennifer

2012-01-01

95

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE LITERATURE PROGRAM OF THE GRADE 12 STUDENT PACKET OF THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM CONSISTS OF A SELECTIVE SURVEY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE FROM THE RENAISSANCE TO THE 20TH CENTURY. IT BEGINS WITH A UNIT ON SHAKESPEAREAN TRAGEDY IN WHICH STUDENTS READ REVENGE TRAGEDIES--SENECA'S "THYESTES" AND KYD'S "THE SPANISH TRAGEDY"--AS PREPARATION FOR THE…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

96

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE FIRST UNIT OF THE STUDENT PACKET FOR GRADE NINE OF THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM IS A STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIPS WHICH EXIST BETWEEN AUTHOR AND AUDIENCE, AND AN EXAMINATION OF THE EPIGRAM, LIMERICK, PARABLE, FABLE, AND ODE. WITH THIS BACKGROUND, STUDENTS CONSIDER "ON AVARICE" AND "ANIMAL FARM" AS EXAMPLES OF FORMAL AND MENIPPEAN SATIRE,…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

97

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE 11TH-GRADE COURSE OF STUDY IN AMERICAN LITERATURE PRESENTED IN THE STUDENT PACKET FOR THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM BEGINS WITH A UNIT ENTITLED "INDIVIDUALISM AND IDEALISM" IN WHICH STUDENTS ANALYZE SPIRITUAL AUTOBIOGRAPHIES BY EMERSON, THOREAU, WHITMAN, AND DICKINSON. NEXT, THE THEME OF SIN AND LONELINESS AS IT LIMITS INDIVIDUALISM IS…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

98

Warning: A Grade 7 Student Disrupts Narrative Boundaries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article features a case study of the written and illustrative text produced by one Grade 7 student, Stefinia, and discusses the metaleptic transgressions evident in the book she created as the culminating activity of a research project. Stefinia was a participant in a classroom-based study that explored how developing students’ knowledge of literary and illustrative elements affects their understanding,

Sylvia Pantaleo

2011-01-01

99

Student Response to Grading Incentives: Evidence from College Economics Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to provide evidence on the response of various student types to the use of simple grading incentives. The results show that while the majority of students expend the effort to complete an assignment for credit, this response is not uniform. Using data from six semesters of college Economics classes, the study demonstrates that…

Chulkov, Dmitriy V.

2006-01-01

100

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE SEVENTH-GRADE STUDENT PACKET, PRODUCED BY THE NEBRASKA CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTER, BEGINS WITH THE UNIT ENTITLED "THE MAKING OF STORIES" IN WHICH STUDENTS CONSIDER WRITERS' AUDIENCES AND METHODS OF COMPOSITION AND PRESENTATION. SUCH MATERIAL AS "A CHRISTMAS CAROL" AND SELECTIONS FROM "THE ODYSSEY,""BEOWULF,""HYMN TO HERMES," AND GRIMM'S…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

101

Increasing Reading Ability among First and Third Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was designed to increase the reading abilities of students in the targeted first and third grade classes in two elementary schools located in the Midwest. The study involved an action research project highlighting the overall growth of the students' academic achievement through increased reading growth. The study was…

Commare, Colleen C.; Sedlack, Sarah E.

102

Acquired Levels of Geographical Concepts among 5th Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this research, the geographical concepts that are recommended to be taught for primary school fifth grade students are analyzed. Three of these concepts are in developmental level whereas eight of them are in consolidation level. Of the three geographical concepts which it is recommended the students acquire at a developmental level, it was…

Balci, Ali

2010-01-01

103

Improving Music Reading Skills among Second Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project describes a program designed to improve the music reading abilities of second grade children. The intention is to discover the best possible method of teaching students basic rhythmic and melodic skills. When combined, these skills will not only increase students' understanding of the language of music, but will also increase…

Kinate, Joanna

104

Intermediate-Grade Students' Sensitivity to Macrostructure Intrusions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates students' sensitivity to compare/contrast, description, enumeration, and sequence text structures using an error-detection paradigm. Finds that task (oral recall and recognition), text structure, and grade level differentially affect students' sensitivity to the four text structures. (RS)

Smith, Therese F.; Hahn, Amos L.

1989-01-01

105

Designing an Environment for Annotating and Grading Student Assignments  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of software tools are available to annotate documents with digital ink. However, they only partly solve the problem of annotating and grading student assignments, this task requires digital annotation capabilities, recognition of digital ink and support for workflow practices. We are particularly interested in marking student programming assignments. Programs differ from essays and reports in that they: often

Beryl Plimmer; Paul Mason

106

Gender Differences in Inference Generation by Fourth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if there are gender differences among elementary school-aged students in regard to the inferences they generate during reading. Fourth-grade students (130 females; 126 males) completed think-aloud tasks while reading one practice and one experimental narrative text. Females generated a larger number and a…

Clinton, Virginia; Seipel, Ben; Broek, Paul; McMaster, Kristen L.; Kendeou, Panayiota; Carlson, Sarah E.; Rapp, David N.

2014-01-01

107

FOURTH-GRADE STUDENTS' PERFORMANCE ON GRAPHICAL LANGUAGES IN MATHEMATICS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the performance of 217 fourth-grade students (9 or 10 years) on a 36- item test that comprised items from six distinct graphical languages (e.g., maps) that are commonly used to convey mathematical information. The results of the study revealed that: fourth graders have difficulty decoding a variety of graphics; some graphical languages are more difficult for students

Tom Lowrie; Carmel Diezmann

108

Using Separate Answer Sheets with Grade 3 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors compared the performance of third-grade students testing on answer sheets with those testing on machine-scored test booklets. The 1,832 students in the nationally representative sample were assigned at the campus level to complete the Stanford Achievement Test Series, Tenth Edition in 1 of 4 conditions: (a) Form A answer sheet, (b)…

Brooks, Thomas; O'Malley, Kimberly; Ragland, Shelley; Young, Michael; Kirkpatrick, Rob

2014-01-01

109

The Personal Financial Literacy of Fourth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to measure personal financial literacy levels of fourth grade students in Memphis, Tennessee and to explore the relationships between seven personal and social characteristics and the students' personal financial literacy. The sample produced low scores on five measure dimensions. Caucasian populations performed better…

Lucey, Thomas Andrew

110

Oral Reading Rates of Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of reading fluently is widely recognized in school effectiveness, reform, and improvement efforts of the educational community, yet there are few large-scale, structured assessments of the progression of students' reading rates over time. This study documented 2nd-grade students' oral reading rates on the basis of fall, winter, and…

Wang, Chuang; Algozzine, Bob; Ma, Wen; Porfeli, Erik

2011-01-01

111

College Students' Categorical Perceptions of Grades: It's Simply "Good" vs. "Bad"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students' categorical perceptions of numeric and alphabetic grades were examined by assigning participants to one of four conditions: numeric grades alphabetic grades, numeric non-grades and alphabetic non-grades. They were then asked to give ratings for each possible grade or non-grade, using a 10-point scale. Factor analysis revealed…

Boatright-Horowitz, Su L.; Arruda, Chris

2013-01-01

112

Data Modelling with First-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues for a renewed focus on statistical reasoning in the beginning school years, with opportunities for children to engage in data modelling. Results are reported from the first year of a 3-year longitudinal study in which three classes of first-grade children (6-year-olds) and their teachers engaged in data modelling activities. The…

English, Lyn D.

2012-01-01

113

First-Grade Students and Their Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent changes to the budgetary basis of schools in Russia has received a mixed response from parents, with a variety of views on whether the quality of education is being improved. Reductions in state support for preschool education raises questions about the ability of less affluent parents to prepare their children for first grade. Perhaps more…

Avraamova, E. M.

2014-01-01

114

At-risk students: do theory grades + standardized examinations = success?  

PubMed

Early identification of students at risk of failing the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses allows nurse educators and students the opportunity to develop a remediation plan. The author describes one program's systematic review and exploration of the predictive ability of standardized examinations, nursing course theory grades, and entrance criteria for identifying students at risk. Best predictors at 3 points in the curriculum (entrance, midway, and the semester before graduation) are discussed. PMID:16980824

Stuenkel, Diane L

2006-01-01

115

The Entrepreneur Fair: Fifth Grade Student Businesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In twenty years of teaching, the author has never been involved in a project that sparked as much enthusiasm from students, parents, the administration, and other teachers as the Entrepreneur Fair. In an effort to challenge students to become entrepreneurs, the author developed a one-day market called the Entrepreneur Fair at Stonewall Elementary…

Moore, Teresa

2010-01-01

116

Perspective: Middle Grades Students and ADD  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The substantial increase in the number of students referred for possible attention deficit disorder can be attributed in part to the relatively young age at which students must meet the academic demands of middle school, according to psychologist Jerrold Pollak. He offers a solution for educators and members of the mental health community.

Pollak, Jerrold

2010-08-01

117

Working Longer Makes Students Stronger? The Effects of Ninth Grade Classroom Hours on Ninth Grade Student Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Despite much discussion on the role of education policy on school and student performance, we know little about the effects of school spending at the margin on student cognitive achievement beyond the effects of class size. Purpose: The paper examines the effects of annual ninth grade classroom hours in literacy and maths on ninth…

Jensen, Vibeke Myrup

2013-01-01

118

Stress Reduction in Sixth-Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A stress management program was evaluated in sixth-grade classes of an urban public and a suburban parochial school. Sample 1, from the urban public school, and Sample 2, from the suburban parochial school, received pre- and posttests. Sample 3, from the suburban parochial school, was divided into pretest-only and posttest-only groups. Six self-esteem and 1 each stress and social-skills children's

Alan S. De Wolfe; Antoinette M. Saunders

1995-01-01

119

The Effect of Scheduling Models for Introductory Algebra on 9th-Grade Students, Test Scores and Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of pacing and scheduling of algebra coursework on assigned 9th-grade students who traditionally would qualify for pre-algebra instruction and same course 9th-grade students who traditionally would qualify for standard algebra instruction. Students were selected based on completion of first-year…

O'Hanlon, Angela L.

2011-01-01

120

A Comparison of Grade Configuration on Urban Sixth to Eighth Grade Student Outcomes in Regular and Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzed the effect of school/grade configuration for regular and special education students in K-8 schools and middle schools. The analysis looked at the effect of grade configuration on two outcomes: student achievement and student attendance. The study followed a cohort of fifth graders (regular and special education) through sixth,…

Fink, Louise L.

2010-01-01

121

Do final grades reflect written qualitative evaluations of student performance?  

Microsoft Academic Search

An evaluation system should allow for early and continued identification of specific problems. A review of negative evaluations of students throughout a problem?based program revealed that 66% of these occurred during the last third of the program. Was the evaluation system too insensitive to detect problem students earlier in the program, or was the faculty reluctant to give less?than?satisfactory grades

Gerald S. Cohen; Phyllis Blumberg; Nancy C. Ryan; Patricia L. Sullivan

1993-01-01

122

Prevention of cigarette smoking in seventh grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

An 8-month school-based smoking prevention program tested with 1526 seventh grade students resulted in a substantial reduction in the incidence of smoking relative to a comparison population. Two curriculum elements were found to have important deterrent effects on smoking onset: (1) emphasis on immediate and primarily social consequences of smoking and (2) personalization of the course materials and mode of

Peter D. Hurd; C. Anderson Johnson; Terry Pechacek; L. Peter Bast; David R. Jacobs; Russell V. Luepker

1980-01-01

123

Determinants of Grades in Maths for Students in Economics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the determinants of grades achieved in maths by first-year students in economics. We use individual administrative data from 1993 to 2005 to fit an educational production function. Our main findings suggest that good secondary school achievements and the type of school attended are significantly associated with maths…

Cappellari, Lorenzo; Lucifora, Claudio; Pozzoli, Dario

2012-01-01

124

Implementing School Reform: "Making Middle Grades Work" for All Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Making Middle Grades Work" ("MMGW") is a school improvement design developed by the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) and its member states. "MMGW" is built on research-based instructional practices and policies. The design combines challenging yet attainable goals with accountability that encourages teachers, supports students and results…

Cooney, Sondra; Lasater, Beth

2006-01-01

125

Seventh Grade Students and the Visual Messages They Love  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most seventh grade students partially define themselves through everyday media messages. As a part of understanding how these images and the media impacts their lives, the author collaborated with her colleagues to develop a unit to help teens learn how visual messages such as those in pictures, media icons, logos, slogans, clothing, toys, and…

De Abreu, Belinha

2008-01-01

126

Grade Level Retention of Texas Students. 1995-96 Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Texas Education Code requires the Texas Education Agency to submit a comprehensive biennial report containing a summary of information related to grade level retention of students in the Texas public school system. This report looks at retention in Texas based on data collected over a 3-year period, beginning with the 1993-94 school year. The…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

127

Environmental Knowledge and Beliefs among Grade 10 Students in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To develop environmental education in Australia, a survey of tenth-grade students was undertaken. Thirty knowledge items and ten belief items were constructed. A panel of environmentalists and educators identified best responses for the knowledge items, and a common reference point, preservation of homo sapiens, for the belief items, so a…

Eyers, Vivian George

128

My Point of View: More Writing from Grade 9 Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is a collection of writing by ninth-grade students taken from the 1987 and 1988 Canadian Territorial Achievement Tests. The booklet's 70 pieces of writing include essays on education in the Northwest Territory, narratives on how the best laid plans can go wrong, humorous treatments on uses for chewing gum and the best ways to keep…

Northwest Territories Dept. of Education, Yellowknife.

129

Students drop out of STEM fields due to poor grades  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

College students planning to major in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields often drop out of those fields because of poorer than expected grades, according to a recent study. Conducted by Ralph Stinebrickner of Berea College in Kentucky and Todd Stinebrickner of the University of Western Ontario, the study is a National Bureau of Economic Research working paper published in June 2013.

Balcerak, Ernie

2013-09-01

130

Second and Third Grade Students in the Hunters Point-Bayview SEED Project: A Diagnostic Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report supplements the first South East Education Development project (SEED) on first grade children. Full and partial records of 624 second grade students and 591 third grade students are the basis of this diagnostic review. The empirical data obtained for the SEED project students included: each student's sex and number of full days in…

Counelis, James Steve

131

Change and Continuity in Student Achievement from Grades 3 to 5: A Policy Dilemma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we examine student performance on mandated tests in grades 3, 4, and 5 in one state. We focus on this interval, which w e term "the fourth grade window," based on our hypothesis that students in grade four are particularly vulnerable to decrements in achievement. The national focus on the third grade as the critical benchmark in…

McCaslin, Mary; Burross, Heidi Legg; Good, Thomas L.

2005-01-01

132

Positive and Negative Incentives in the Classroom: An Analysis of Grading Systems and Student Motivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined how particular grading systems motivate students. Since competency-based grading and point systems are most prevalent (Hendrickson and Gable, 1999), the current study is modeled around these systems. The grading systems used for this study were divided into two categories and defined as those students who earned their grades (\\

Tony N. Docan

2006-01-01

133

Grade six students' understanding of the nature of science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of scientific literacy requires that students develop an understanding of the nature of science to assist them in the reasoned acquisition of science concepts and in their future role as citizens in a participatory democracy. The purpose of this study was to investigate and describe the range of positions that grade six students hold with respect to the nature of science and to investigate whether gender or prior science education was related to students' views of the nature of science. Two grade six classes participated in this study. One class was from a school involved in a long-term elementary science curriculum project. The science curriculum at this school involved constructivist epistemology and pedagogy and a realist ontology. The curriculum stressed hands-on, open-ended activities and the development of science process skills. Students were frequently involved in creating and testing explanations for physical phenomena. The second class was from a matched school that had a traditional science program. Results of the study indicated that students hold a wider range of views of the nature of science than previously documented. Student positions ranged from having almost no understanding of the nature of science to those expressing positions regarding the nature of science that were more developed than previous studies had documented. Despite the range of views documented, all subjects held realist views of scientific knowledge. Contrary to the literature, some students were able to evaluate a scientific theory in light of empirical evidence that they had generated. Results also indicated that students from the project school displayed more advanced views of the nature of science than their matched peers. However, not all students benefited equally from their experiences. No gender differences were found with respect to students' understanding of the nature of science.

Cochrane, Donald Brian

134

K-8th Grade Korean Students' Conceptions of 'Changes of State' and 'Conditions for Changes of State'. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the various conceptions held by K-8th Korean grade students regarding the 'changes of state' and the 'conditions for changes of state'. The study used a sample of five kindergarteners, five secondgrade students, five fourth-grade students, five sixth-grade students, and five eighth-grade students. The 25 students attend…

Paik, Seoung-Hey; Kim, Hyo-Nam; Cho, Boo-Kyoung; Park, Jae-Won

2004-01-01

135

Teacher-Student Interactions in Fifth Grade Classrooms: Relations with Children's Peer Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the extent to which teacher-student interactions in fifth grade classrooms are associated with peer behavior in fifth grade, accounting for prior peer functioning. Participants included 894 fifth grade students from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. The quality of teacher-student interactions…

Luckner, Amy E.; Pianta, Robert C.

2011-01-01

136

SUPERSTARS III: 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SUPERSTARS III is a K-8 program designed as an enrichment opportunity for self-directed learners in mathematics. The basic purpose of SUPERSTARS III is to provide the extra challenge that self-motivated students need in mathematics and to do so in a structured, long-term program that does not impinge on the normal classroom routine or the…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Education, Raleigh.

137

Reporting, grading, and the meaning of letter grades in Science 9: Perspectives of teachers, students, and parents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigates the reporting and grading, as well as the meaning of letter grades, of students in Science 9 from the perspectives of teachers, students, and parents in five schools from two British Columbia school districts, one urban and one rural. To that end, four research questions guided the data collection and analyses: (1) What reporting methods do teachers use to communicate information about student learning in Science 9 to students and parents, and what are teachers', students', and parents' opinions of those reporting methods? (2) What grading components do teachers incorporate into Science 9 letter grades, and what grading components do students and parents believe teachers incorporate into Science 9 letter grades? (3) What meanings do teachers, students, and parents attribute to Science 9 letter grades? and (4) What are students' and parents' perceptions about some possible effects of student progress reports in Science 9? A mixed-methodology design was employed to collect the data. Quantitative data, collected via self-administered written questionnaires from the five Science 9 teachers, 43 students, and 21 parents who volunteered to participate in the study, were used to identify participants' practices and perceptions about grading and reporting. Qualitative data, collected via individual, audio-taped interviews conducted with a subset of the people who completed questionnaires (all five teachers, 16 students, and seven parents), were used to verify, clarify, and expand the questionnaire data. Observational notes and collected documents (e.g., report card forms) also served as data sources. The results of this study show that most of the participants in the study were generally satisfied with most aspects of the reporting of student progress in Science 9. However, individual teachers consider different kinds of assessment information when they assign Science 9 letter grades, teachers are not always clear and consistent about what they intend letter grades to mean, and students' and parents' beliefs about the grading components and meanings of Science 9 letter grades vary widely. The results of this study also indicate that the information communicated by a letter grade is not always clear and consistent. That the meaning of a letter grade is not always clear has implications for the ways in which letter grades are used by students and parents. The results of this study indicate that some students' attitudes, behaviours, and decisions could be affected by the grades they receive in Science 9. However, in order for students' attitudes, behaviours, and decisions to be appropriate, their interpretations of the meanings of letter grades must be appropriate. Given the multiple---meanings attributed to a Science 9 letter grade, it is likely that peoples' inferences and actions based on a letter grade will not always be appropriate. This study raises a number of issues. Two classes of issues are discussed: those arising from the research findings, and those arising from the methodology of the study. An example of an issue arising from the research findings is that the process of assigning letter grades is problematic. An example of an issue arising from the methodology is that participants do not always interpret questionnaire items in the way they are intended.

Brigden, Susan Rae

138

A Teacher's Guide to Career Education, 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lesson plans for activities in career education are presented in this teacher's guide designed for grades 6-8. The first section presents South Carolina's position on career education. Section two outlines suggested learner objectives to be attained under seven elements of career education: self-knowledge, decision-making skills, career awareness,…

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Vocational Education.

139

Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. A Large-Scale Study of Middle Grades. Practices and Student Outcomes. Narrative Summary of Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 2008-09 school year researchers from EdSource and Stanford University conducted a large-scale study of 303 middle grades schools in California. The team surveyed 303 principals, 3,752 English Language Arts (ELA) and math teachers in grades 6-8, and 157 superintendents of the districts and charter management organizations that oversee the…

EdSource, 2010

2010-01-01

140

The Impact of High-Stakes Testing in Chicago on Student Achievement in Promotional Gate Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzed the impact of high-stakes testing in Chicago, Illinois, on student achievement in grades targeted for promotional decisions using data from the school system for grades 3, 6, and 8. Findings show that student achievement increased substantially following the introduction of high stakes tests in Chicago, especially at grades 6 and 8. (SLD)

Roderick, Melissa; Jacob, Brian A.; Bryk, Anthony S.

2002-01-01

141

Educational Orientation and Upward Influence: An Examination of Students' Conversations about Disappointing Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The influence of student attitudes toward learning and grades on their communication with instructors about grades has received limited attention despite its potential implications for learning, performance outcomes, and student-teacher interactions. Participants (N = 194) who discussed a disappointing grade with an instructor completed measures…

Wright, Courtney N.

2012-01-01

142

Grade-point average, changes of major, and majors selected by students leaving engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Graduation success, grade-point average, and destination major of ten cohorts of students matriculating and subsequently leaving undergraduate engineering programs at nine southeastern universities are studied from 1987-2002. Grade point averages are frozen at the time students leave engineering to investigate the role of grades in their decision to leave engineering and their choice of a destination major. This study adds

Matthew W. Ohland; Guili Zhang; Brian Thorndyke; Timothy J. Anderson

2004-01-01

143

Increasing Fourth-Grade Students' Proficiency at Solving Mathematical Word Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to identify effective pedagogical strategies to increase 4th grade students' mathematics problem-solving skills. Numerous researchers have looked at mathematics problem solving; however, there is a scarcity of data relating to 4th grade mathematics problem solving proficiency. Fourth grade students at the…

Norford, Jennifer A.

2012-01-01

144

Holding Back and Holding behind: Grade Retention and Students' Non-Academic and Academic Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the implications of grade retention (repeating a grade) and social promotion (automatic promotion to the next grade each year) for high school students' academic and non-academic outcomes. Based on data from 3261 high school students, structural equation modeling demonstrated that, after controlling for interactions with…

Martin, Andrew J.

2011-01-01

145

On Their Own: Students' Responses to Open-Ended Questions in Math, Reading, Science, Social Studies. Results of the 1990 Assessment: Grade Four, Grade Eight, Grade Twelve.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the spring of 1990, over 9,000 4th-, 8th- and 12th-grade students (only 6 percent of all students in Massachusetts) were assessed using open-ended mathematical, scientific, social studies, and reading concepts. Beginning with the Massachusetts Educational Assessment Program for 1992, open-ended questions will be administered to all students and…

Thomas, Brenda; Badger, Elizabeth

146

The Effects of Grade Level and Other Factors on the Achievement in Project Physics among High School Physics Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to determine experimentally the relationship between achievement and grade level for 64 tenth-grade students, 48 eleventh-grade students, and 95 twelfth-grade physics students. All students were enrolled in the Project Physics course in their respective schools. The Physics Achievement Test (PAT) and the algebra I and II…

Fletcher, Richard Kenard, Jr.

147

Correlation between Grade Point Averages and Student Evaluation of Teaching Scores: Taking a Closer Look  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most contentious potential sources of bias is whether instructors who give higher grades receive higher ratings from students. We examined the grade point averages (GPAs) and student ratings across 2073 general education religion courses at a large private university. A moderate correlation was found between GPAs and student evaluations…

Griffin, Tyler J.; Hilton, John, III.; Plummer, Kenneth; Barret, Devynne

2014-01-01

148

Do Student Evaluations of Teaching Depend on the Distribution of Expected Grade?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research suggests that student evaluations of teaching may depend on the average grade expected in a class. We hypothesize that, because of risk aversion, student ratings also depend on the distribution of expected grades. As predicted, student ratings at the University of Puerto Rico at Bayamon are significantly and negatively related to…

Matos-Diaz, Horacio; Ragan, James F., Jr.

2010-01-01

149

The Improvement of Chronological Perceptions among Fifth Grade Students: A Quasi-Experimental Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is an action research based both on quantitative and qualitative research techniques carried out with a group of fifth grade students in K"r,ehir during the 2003-2004 education year. In the study, the main purpose was to improve historical time concept and chronology perceptions among fifth grade students. Students' interests, reactions…

Simsek, Ahmet

2007-01-01

150

Causal Factors Influencing Adversity Quotient of Twelfth Grade and Third-Year Vocational Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem statement: The aim of this research was to study the causal factors influencing students' adversity between twelfth grade and third-year vocational students in Sisaket province, Thailand. Six hundred and seventy two of twelfth grade and 376 third-year vocational students were selected by multi-stage random sampling techniques. Approach:…

Pangma, Rachapoom; Tayraukham, Sombat; Nuangchalerm, Prasart

2009-01-01

151

Student Grade Expectations at Technical College, 2-, and 4-Year Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although students' final course grade expectations have been the focus of several studies, none have looked systematically at students' expectations for grade distributions for the whole class across institutional types, student year in school, and course levels. This study examined such differences as a function of gender, course level,…

McCann, Lee I.; Immel, Kathy R.; Kadah-Ammeter, Tammy L.; Priniski, Stacy J.

2013-01-01

152

Students' Perceptions of the Usefulness of Marking Guides, Grade Descriptors and Annotated Exemplars  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grade descriptors, marking guides and exemplars are generally accepted to have a positive impact in assisting students' understanding of assessment task requirements and standards, but little is known about how students use such resources. This paper provides insight into the perceptions of first-year students of the usefulness of grade

Bell, Amani; Mladenovic, Rosina; Price, Margaret

2013-01-01

153

Sensory Response Patterns of Academically Successful and Unsuccessful Ninth-grade Students of English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Testing Marshall McLuhan's thesis that the educational system favors the visually oriented student and militates against the audile-tactile youngster, this pilot study attempted to discover whether or not academically successful ninth-grade English students have a different sensory response pattern than unsuccessful ninth-grade English students.…

LaRocque, Geraldine E.

154

Investigating Students' Logical Thinking Abilities: The Effects of Gender and Grade Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of gender and grade level on students' logical thinking abilities. A total of 174 sixth, seventh, and eighth-grade students participated in the study. Test of Logical Thinking (TOLT) was administered to determine students' reasoning abilities. A two-way multivariate analysis of variance…

Yenilmez, Ayse; Sungur, Semra; Tekkaya, Ceren

2005-01-01

155

Student response to Sustained Silent Reading (SSR) as an eighth-grade literacy practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the literacy practices of 9 eighth-grade students who participated in a program of daily Sustained Silent Reading (SSR). Students reported their activities and attitudes towards SSR by means of interviews and written responses. Teacher observations supported their responses. Standardized test scores for participating and nonparticipating SSR students were compared documenting the value of SSR as an eighth-grade

Diane Mary Kvilesz

2007-01-01

156

Parental Involvement and Its Influence on the Reading Achievement of 6th Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between reading achievement and parental involvement for sixth grade middle school students. The participants were forty-eight sixth grade students who completed parental involvement surveys. The parents of these students also completed a parental involvement survey. The results of the…

Hawes, Carmen Ann; Plourde, Lee A.

2005-01-01

157

Effect of Pullout Lessons on the Academic Achievement of Eighth-Grade Band Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effect of pullout instrumental lessons on the academic achievement of eighth-grade band students. Participants (N = 353) included 292 nonband students and 61 band students pulled once per week for music lessons in a single suburban K-8 school district in Midwestern United States. Data indicated that eighth-grade band…

Hash, Phillip M.

2011-01-01

158

Consent Form Return Rates for Third-Grade Urban Elementary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To maximize active parent consent form return rates for third-grade minority, urban students enrolled in predominantly low-income elementary schools in Chicago, Ill. Methods: Research staff used a class incentive and class visits to retrieve consent forms from students. Results: Of the 811 third-grade students, 98% returned a form and …

Ji, Peter; Flay, Brian R.; Phil, D.; DuBois, David L.; Brechling, Vanessa; Day, Joseph; Cantillon, Dan

2006-01-01

159

The Effects of Cooperative Learning Experience on Eighth Grade Students' Achievement and Attitude toward Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective teaching and learning of science depends on the selected teaching method touching students' most learning senses. This study investigated the effects of cooperative learning on eighth grade students' achievement and attitude toward science. Participants were 68 students from two different eighth grade classrooms in an elementary school.…

Kose, Sacit; Sahin, Abdurrahman; Ergun, Aysegul; Gezer, Kutret

2010-01-01

160

Improving Student Performance in Fifth Grade Band through the Use of Student Self-Monitoring.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An action research project was developed and implemented using student self monitoring of higher order thinking skills and task management to improve the music skills of a fifth grade beginning band (n=30) from a small middle school located in a rural midwest village. Evidence of the problem was documented with a performance test, a written test,…

Hayes, Steven R.

161

Effects of Intensive Reading Intervention for Eighth-Grade Students With Persistently Inadequate Response to Intervention  

PubMed Central

The authors report the effects of a yearlong, very small-group, intensive reading intervention for eighth-grade students with serious reading difficulties who had demonstrated low response to intervention (RTI) in both Grades 6 and 7. At the beginning of Grade 6, a cohort of students identified as having reading difficulties were randomized to treatment or comparison conditions. Treatment group students received researcher-provided reading intervention in Grade 6, which continued in Grade 7 for those with low response to intervention; comparison students received no researcher-provided intervention. Participants in the Grade 8 study were members of the original treatment (N = 28) and comparison (N = 13) conditions who had failed to pass a state-mandated reading comprehension test in both Grades 6 and 7. In Grade 8, treatment group students received a 50-minute, daily, individualized, intensive reading intervention in groups of two to four students per teacher. The results showed that students in the treatment condition demonstrated significantly higher scores than comparison students on standardized measures of comprehension (effect size = 1.20) and word identification (effect size = 0.49), although most continued to lack grade-level proficiency in reading despite 3 years of intervention. Findings from this study provide a rationale for intensive intervention for middle school students with severe reading difficulties. PMID:21512102

Vaughn, Sharon; Wexler, Jade; Leroux, Audrey; Roberts, Greg; Denton, Carolyn; Barth, Amy; Fletcher, Jack

2013-01-01

162

Investigating the scientific creativity of fifth-grade students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous research on the scientific creativity of children has been limited. The most salient limitations of previous literature have been: (a) narrowness of theoretical frameworks, (b) limitedness in using a variety of science process skills, (c) ignorance of the gender differences in scientific creativity, and (d) ignorance of elementary school students. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate the Scientific Creativity Test for fifth-grade students to identify scientific creativity in those students. A related purpose was to investigate the gender differences in scientific creativity. The Scientific Creativity Test consisted of three subtests: Problems and Solutions, Grouping of Flowers, and Design an Experiment. The test was administered to 138 fifth-grade students from six different elementary schools. The reliability analysis showed that the Scientific Creativity Test had a .89 coefficient as a consistency of scores. The concurrent validity analysis indicated that the Scientific Creativity Test had medium correlations with Teachers' Ratings of students' Scientific Ability (r = .42), Science Content Knowledge (r = .42), and Scientific Creativity (r = .51). The interrater reliability of the three items rated by two independent raters [1C (designing a construction about a solution), 2D (drawing a diagram about the relationships among the groups of flowers), and 3B (drawing an experiment to develop a solution for the environmental problem)], using the Consensual Assessment Technique showed medium to high correlations. The General Linear Modeling (GLM) Repeated Measures Two-Way Analysis of Variance indicated no overall significant differences between males and females. An interaction effect, however, was found. Females performed better than males in Subtest II (Grouping of Flowers) and slightly better in Subtest III (Design an Experiment). The analysis using the independent-samples t test indicated no significant differences between females and males in the scientific creativity test except in four items: 2A (grouping flowers) Fluency, 2A Flexibility, 2A Originality, and 2A Complexity. These differences were in favor of females. The findings present support of the psychometric properties of the Scientific Creativity Test in the identification of scientific creativity in children.

Mohamed, Ahmed

163

The Maturation of College Students as Evidenced by the Eight Semester Average Grade Points  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study considers the achievement of college students as revealed by the average grade points recorded semester by semester during the four years, in an attempt to determine whether there is a maturation or growth curve evidenced by a rise in the average grade points during this period. In evaluating grades, 'A' was given a score of three points, 'B'

Roy L. Roberts

1933-01-01

164

Reducing the Retention Rate among Kindergarten, First, and Second Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An intervention project sought to lower the grade retention rates of kindergarten, first-, and second-grade students in one New Jersey school district. During three school years, 1987-1990, the retention rate was 7 percent of the total population of these grades. An exploration of causes identified several possible factors, including: (1) lack of…

Turco, Angela

165

The Impact of Grading Standards on Student Achievement, Educational Attainment, and Entry-Level Earnings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite recent theoretical work and proposals from educational reformers, there is little empirical work on the effects of higher grading standards. In this paper we use data from the High School and Beyond survey to estimate the effects of grading standards on student achievement, educational attainment, and entry level earnings. We consider not only how grading standards affect average outcomes

Julian R. Betts; Jeffrey Grogger

2000-01-01

166

Prematriculation Program Grades as Predictors of Black and Other Nontraditional Students' First-Year Academic Performances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study explored predictors of African-American and other nontraditional medical students' first-year academic performance at the Medical College of Georgia. Variables included undergraduate grades and grades in a summer prematriculation program (SPP) featuring biochemistry, anatomy, and immunology courses. SPP grades were found useful in…

Hesser, Al; Lewis, Lloyd

1992-01-01

167

Technology Camp for 6-8th Grade Young Women  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the need for technical talent grows, the number of young women pursuing technical degrees in the US is declining in spite of the fact that the number of young women earning degrees is at a record high. The attitudes of young people towards math and science are formed very early, and are strongly influenced by their personal experiences. The recommended science and math curricula for elementary education strongly encourage the use of hands-on experiences, coupled with linking the concepts being studied to real world situations, in an effort to overcome the perception that science is for the "brainy". Data indicates that this alone is insufficient for young women to overcome the widely held stereotypical view that science and technology are strictly white male domains. IBM created an initiative to reach out to middle school young women who have the potential to become scientists and engineers. The Technology Camp for Young Women was designed to provide a challenging, hands-on exposure to science, engineering and applied mathematics in a supportive environment. IBM scientists and engineers led the sessions and also serve as mentors during the school year. The program significantly improved the perceptions of the young women toward technical fields of study.

Chess, Catherine

2001-04-01

168

Georgia's Quality Core Curriculum. Raising Expectations. [Grades] 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Georgia's Quality Core Curriculum (QCC) originated in 1984 with a recommendation for review every 5 years. In 1996, teachers, administrators, parents, and business leaders throughout Georgia reviewed and analyzed the existing QCC in an effort to update the curriculum, reflect technological advances, and create a more effective base for teaching.…

Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta.

169

Factors Influencing Mathematic Problem-Solving Ability of Sixth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem statement: This study aims to investigate factors influencing mathematic problem-solving ability of sixth grade students. One thousand and twenty eight of sixth grade students, studying in the second semester of academic year 2007 were sampled by stratified random sampling technique. Approach: The research instruments used in the study…

Pimta, Sakorn; Tayraukham, Sombat; Nuangchalerm, Prasart

2009-01-01

170

Student Views on Criterion-Referenced Assessment and Grading in Swedish Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The pedagogical and status implications of assessment in physical education (PE) have been recognised in the past. How students perceive being assessed and graded is a neglected area, however. While some studies have garnered students' perceptions of assessment when no grade is awarded or the stakes are relatively low, we know less…

Redelius, Karin; Hay, Peter J.

2012-01-01

171

Early Grade Retention and Student Success: Evidence from Los Angeles. Technical Appendices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report uses administrative data provided by the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) on kindergarten to third-grade students. The records begin with kindergartners in 2001, first-graders in 2002, second-graders in 2003, and third-graders in 2004 and include all LAUSD students in grades K-3 for 2004 to 2008. Altogether, the raw data…

Cannon, Jill S.; Lipscomb, Stephen

2011-01-01

172

Teacher Competence and the Academic Achievement of Sixth Grade Students in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigates the influence of teacher competence on the academic achievement of sixth grade students in Uganda. The investigation is based on data sourced from the 2009 Southern African Consortium for Monitoring Education Quality (SACMEQ) survey comprising 5,148 records of sixth grade students enrolled in primary schools in Uganda. The…

Wamala, Robert; Seruwagi, Gerald

2013-01-01

173

Comparison of Self-Reported and Measured Height and Weight in Eighth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to evaluate the relationships between self-reported and measured height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) in a sample of eighth-grade students. The study population consisted of eighth-grade students in eastern North Carolina who completed a cross-sectional survey, self-reported their height and weight, and had their…

Morrissey, Susan L.; Whetstone, Lauren M.; Cummings, Doyle M.; Owen, Lynda J.

2006-01-01

174

A Situative Metaphor for Teacher Learning: The Case of University Tutors Learning to Grade Student Coursework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the continuing concern about academic standards in the higher education sector a great deal of emphasis has been placed on quality assurance procedures rather than on considering how university tutors learn to grade the quality of work produced by students. As part of a larger research project focused on how tutors grade student coursework,…

Boyd, Pete; Bloxham, Sue

2014-01-01

175

Employment During High School: Consequences for Students' Grades in Academic Courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

High school students who work intensively at paid jobs tend to have lower grades in academic courses. Prior research has not properly tested theories about the source of the relationship between student employment and grades (or other outcomes), and has not explicitly modeled the potentially reciprocal nature of this relationship. We focus on both the short- and long-term effects of

John Robert Warren; Paul C. LePore; Robert D. Mare

2000-01-01

176

The Ability of Grade 5 Students To Use Radarsat Satellite Images.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the ability of 32 grade-5 students in Alberta (Canada) to interpret Radarsat satellite radar images. The students were able to interpret most elements of the images, but working directly with the CD-ROM proved too difficult for them. The Radarsat images have limited value as a geographic resource at the grade-5 level. (TD)

Kirman, Joseph M.; Busby, Stephanie

2000-01-01

177

Grading and Reporting in a Standards-Based Environment: Implications for Students with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers at all levels of education today struggle in their efforts to assign fair, accurate, and meaningful grades to students with disabilities, especially those placed in general education classrooms. Lacking specific policies or recommendations, most teachers apply informal, individual grading adaptations for such students. Although these…

Jung, Lee Ann; Guskey, Thomas R.

2009-01-01

178

Report on Grade Level Retention of Texas Students, 1992-93 and 1993-94.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A legislative mandate requires the Texas Central Education Agency to submit a report each odd-numbered year that includes data collected on students retained in grade, including the reason for retention. This report presents current summary data on the retention rates of Texas students by grade level, age, gender, and ethnicity for 1992-93;…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

179

Third Grade African American Students' Views of the Nature of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the nature of science (NOS) views of lower elementary grade level students, including their views of scientists. Participants were 23 third-grade African American students from two Midwest urban settings. A multiple instrument approach using an open-ended questionnaire, semi-structured interviews, a modified version of the…

Walls, Leon

2012-01-01

180

Problem-Based Learning in the Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh Grades: Assessment of Students' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of students' characteristics (gender, age, and first-language spoken at home) on their perceptions about problem-based learning (PBL). The study revealed that students from the fifth, sixth and seventh grades perceived PBL in a positive way but there were significant differences between the grades. The resources…

Azer, Samy A.

2009-01-01

181

Alcohol Use and the Grades of Middle and High School Students: Does School Choice Have Effects?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the question of whether youth drinking leads to lower grades for public and private school students. Instrumental variables (IV) regressions are used to investigate differences in the relationship between drinking and grades based on whether students attend a public or private school. The regressions reveal that drinking…

Austin, Wesley; Heath, Cary

2012-01-01

182

Predicting College Success with High School Grades and Test Scores: Limitations for Minority Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a sample of 522 students at a Lutheran university in the Southwestern United States, researchers examined differences in the predictive strength of high school grades and standardized test scores for student involvement, academic achievement, retention, and satisfaction. Findings indicate that high school grades are stronger predictors of…

Hoffman, John L.; Lowitzki, Katie E.

2005-01-01

183

Increasing Prosocial Behavior of Elementary Students in Grades K-6 through a Conflict Resolution Management Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A practicum was implemented to increase prosocial behavior of students in grades K-6 through a conflict resolution management program. The objectives of the intervention were to: (1) reduce student discipline referrals for antisocial behavior; (2) increase student conflict resolution scores; and (3) increase the prosocial behavior of students.…

Satchel, Brenda B.

184

The Effect of Word Processing on Students' Grades and Attitudes toward Freshman Composition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of word processing on students' attitudes and grades was studied using 235 students in 15 sections of freshmen composition at a large midwestern university. Students in the word-processing sections wrote and revised their papers on the Macintosh Plus using the software MacWrite. Students in the traditional sections used paper, pencils,…

Rohde, Renate I.

185

Incentives: The effects on the reading motivation of fourth?grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of various incentives on the reading motivation of fourth?grade students. The students involved in the study attended an elementary school in a mid?size town in the South. Results were based on the participation of 28 students in the control group who received no incentives, 27 students in the treatment group

Kathryn M. Edmunds; Susan M. Tancock

2002-01-01

186

Modeling Oral Reading Fluency Development in Latino Students: A Longitudinal Study Across Second and Third Grade  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines growth in oral reading fluency across 2nd and 3rd grade for Latino students grouped in 3 English proficiency levels: students receiving English as a second language (ESL) services (n = 2,182), students exited from ESL services (n = 965), and students never designated as needing services (n = 1,857). An important focus was to learn whether, within

Stephanie Al Otaiba; Yaacov Petscher; N. Eleni Pappamihiel; Rihana S. Williams; Allison K. Dyrlund; Carol Connor

2009-01-01

187

Modeling Oral Reading Fluency Development in Latino Students: A Longitudinal Study across Second and Third Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines growth in oral reading fluency across 2nd and 3rd grade for Latino students grouped in 3 English proficiency levels: students receiving English as a second language (ESL) services (n = 2,182), students exited from ESL services (n = 965), and students never designated as needing services (n = 1,857). An important focus was to…

Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Petscher, Yaacov; Pappamihiel, N. Eleni; Williams, Rihana S.; Dyrlund, Allison K.; Connor, Carol

2009-01-01

188

UT Arlington Honors College Policy Governing Appeal of a Grade In attempting to resolve any student grievances regarding grades, it is the student's obligation first to  

E-print Network

the matter to the Honors College Executive Committee, which will render a decision. If the student does not concur with the committee's decision, the student may appeal to the Dean of the Honors College, whose18 UT Arlington Honors College Policy Governing Appeal of a Grade In attempting to resolve any

Huang, Haiying

189

EXAMINATION OF 8TH GRADE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS' CAREER DECISION MAKING SELF EFFICACY PREDICTORS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of present study is to investigated whether the levels of fulfillment of career development tasks of 8th grade elementary school students combined with their genders predict career decision making self-efficacy. 756 students (47,8 % male; 52,2 % female; 8th grade elementary school students), which were chosen randomly, were scope of this study. The career development levels of the

Feride BACANLI

190

Comparison of dental students' academic performance using honors/pass/fail and letter grades.  

PubMed

Performance in a second-year course in pedodontics/orthodontics for three classes of students at the State University of New York at Stony Brook School of Dental Medicine who received grades under an honors/pass/fail system was compared to that of three academically comparable classes that received letter grades. The average scores from the pedodontic/orthodontic section of the Part II National Board examination also were compared. The dental students taught under the letter grade system achieved a small but statistically significant higher grade point average in the dental course than the students taught under the honors/pass/fail system. The difference between the National Board scores was not statistically significant. It was concluded that while the letter grade system provided incentive for the students to perform at a higher level than those under the honors/pass/fail system, it did not influence their performance on the National Board examination. PMID:3156166

Leske, G S; Ripa, L

1985-03-01

191

THE EFFECTS OF TEACHER VS STUDENT CENTERED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ON THE VOCABULARY LEARNING OF SIXTH GRADE THAI STUDENTS  

E-print Network

cultural elements in Thai 6th grade classroom. The study, conducted with 10 EFL teachers and 599 EFL students in Thailand, took the form of pretest-posttest and questionnaire for students, and interview for both students and teachers. To determine...

Khuvasanond, Kirati

2013-05-31

192

Unmasking the Effects of Student Engagement on First-Year College Grades and Persistence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the relationships between student engagement, college GPA, and persistence for 6,000 students attending 18 baccalaureate-granting institutions. Data sources included student-level information from the National Survey of Student Engagement, academic transcripts, merit aid, and ACT\\/SAT score reports. Engagement had positive, statistically significant effects on grades and persistence between the first and second year of study for students from

Ty M. Cruce Rick Shoup George D. Kuh; Robert M. Gonyea

2008-01-01

193

Is clinical competence perceived differently for student daily performance on the wards versus clerkship grading?  

PubMed

Clinical rotations play an important role in the medical curriculum and are considered crucial for student learning. However, competencies that should be learned can differ from those that are assessed. In order to explore which competencies are considered important for daily performance of student on the wards and to what extent clinical teachers consider the same competencies important for clerkship grading, a survey that consisted of 21 different student characteristics was administered to clinical teachers. Two independent factor analyses using structural equation modeling were conducted to abstract underlying latent relationships among the different student characteristics and to define a clinical competence profile for daily performance of students on the wards and clerkship grading. Differences between the degree of importance for student daily ward performance and clerkship grading are considered and discussed. The results of the survey indicate that the degree of importance of competencies are rated different for daily performance of students on the wards and clerkship grades. Competencies related to the diagnostic process are more important for clerkship grading, whereas interpersonal skills, professional qualities, and motivation are more important for daily ward performance. It is concluded that the components of clinical competence considered important for adequate performance are not necessarily in alignment with what is required for grading. Future research should focus on an explanation why clinical educators think differently about the importance of competencies for student examination in contrast to what is required for adequate daily performance on the wards. PMID:17690992

Wimmers, Paul F; Kanter, Steven L; Splinter, Ted A W; Schmidt, Henk G

2008-12-01

194

Middle Childhood (6-8 Years Old)  

MedlinePLUS

... Center Homepage Middle Childhood (6-8 years of age) Language: English Espańol (Spanish) Share Compartir Developmental Milestones Middle childhood brings many changes in a child’s life. By this time, ... children this age into regular contact with the larger world. Friendships ...

195

Learning Outcomes of Computer Programming Instruction for Middle-Grades Students: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study tested the hypothesis that the logical thinking skills of middle-grades students are enhanced by teaching them computer programming using the BASIC programming language. A quasi-experimental design was used with 36 students randomly selected and assigned to one of two treatment groups: 18 students received no instruction in…

Dillashaw, F. Gerald; Bell, Samuel R.

196

Coffee Can Speakers: Amazing Energy Transformers--Fifth-Grade Students Learn the Science behind Speakers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors describe steps on how to develop a high-impact activity in which students build, test, and improve their own "coffee can" speakers to observe firsthand how loudspeakers work to convert electrical energy to sound. The activity is appropriate for students in grades three to six and lends itself best to students

Wise, Kevin; Haake, Monica

2007-01-01

197

Analysis of Year by Year Grade Point Averages of Students Identified as Academically Gifted.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether a particular grade in school would prove to be critical in the development of underachievement in 100 high school students identified as intellectually gifted, where 18 of the students were identified as underachieving. Data were collected on each student, including IQ scores, age identified as gifted, gender, final…

Goots, Pamela Bertozzi

198

Teacher-Student Relationship Quality Type in Elementary Grades: Effects on Trajectories for Achievement and Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher, peer, and student reports of the quality of the teacher-student relationship were obtained for an ethnically diverse and academically at-risk sample of 706 second- and third-grade students. Cluster analysis identified four types of relationships based on the consistency of child reports of support and conflict in the relationship with…

Wu, Jiun-Yu; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-Man

2010-01-01

199

Children's Perceptions of Parental Attitude Affecting Breakfast Skipping in Primary Sixth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Breakfast skipping is an international public health concern. This study investigated the prevalence of breakfast skipping among primary sixth-grade students in Hong Kong and the impact of students' perceptions of parental attitudes on breakfast skipping. Methods: A total of 426 students aged 10-14 years in 4 local schools participated…

Cheng, Tereza Sy; Tse, Lap Ah; Yu, Ignatius Tak-Sun; Griffiths, Sian

2008-01-01

200

Middle Grade Students of Iris County: A Descriptive Study from Southern Appalachia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixth, seventh, and eighth grade students (N=301) from a rural county in Tennessee (Iris County is a pseudonym) completed a Rural School Success Inventory (RSSI) and the Learning Styles Inventory (LSI). The study explored differences between low Socioeconomic Status (SES) students and middle/high SES students. The RSSI provided information about…

Phelps, Margaret S.; And Others

201

Fourth-grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Standards-based Lunar Concepts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fourth?grade students’ knowledge of observable moon phases and patterns of change, as well as conceptual understanding of the cause of moon phases, was investigated before and after special instruction. Pretest and post?test data for 48 students were used to address the research question related to observable moon phases and patterns of change. Interviews were conducted with 10 students on a

Kathy Cabe Trundle; Ronald K. Atwood; John E. Christopher

2007-01-01

202

Neither Even nor Odd: Sixth Grade Students' Dilemmas Regarding the Parity of Zero  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates two sixth grade students' dilemmas regarding the parity of zero. Both students originally claimed that zero was neither even nor odd. Interviews revealed a conflict between students' formal definitions of even numbers and their concept images of even numbers, zero, and division. These images were supported by practically…

Levenson, Esther; Tsamir, Pessia; Tirosh, Dina

2007-01-01

203

Loneliness among Students with Special Educational Needs in Mainstream Seventh Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goals of this study were twofold. The first aim was to explore loneliness prevalence in typically developing students, students with ASD and students with motor and/or sensory disabilities in mainstream 7th grade in Belgium. The second aim was to explore the relations between number of friends, friendship quality, social self-concept on the…

Bossaert, Goele; Colpin, Hilde; Pijl, Sip Jan; Petry, Katja

2012-01-01

204

Fifth Grade Students' Understanding of Ratio and Proportion in an Engineering Robotics Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research described in this dissertation explores the impact of utilizing a LEGO-robotics integrated engineering and mathematics program to support fifth grade students' learning of ratios and proportion in an extracurricular program. The research questions guiding this research study were (1) how do students' test results compare for students

Ortiz, Araceli Martinez

2010-01-01

205

Providing Fourth Grade Students with Support Systems and Experiences To Enhance Academic Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A practicum was designed to utilize various techniques to: (1) improve the involvement of parents and volunteers in the education of fourth grade students; (2) help the students develop a more positive attitude toward self, school, home, and community; and (3) increase students' school attendance rate and participation in school and community…

Jennings, Mary H.

206

A Study of the Level of Achievement Motivation and Its Relation to Student Grades in Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between the level of achievement motivation of Essex County College students and their grades in psychology. Forty-one ECC students, both male and female, predominantly lower-class black students, took part in the study. The level of achievement motivation was measured in terms of the scores a person obtained…

Coleman, Thomas R.

207

Correlation between the Physical Activity Level and Grade Point Averages of Faculty of Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study is to find the correlation that exists between physical activity level and grade point averages of faculty of education students. The subjects consist of 359 (172 females and 187 males) under graduate students To determine the physical activity levels of the students in this research, International Physical Activity…

Imdat, Yarim

2014-01-01

208

Using Poetry to Improve Fluency and Comprehension in Third-Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effects of repeated choral reading of poetry on fluency and comprehension of third-grade students (N = 76) in the southeastern United States. Student attitudes toward poetry were also measured. Students served in regular, remedial, and special education were taught reading using the school's basal series for four weeks. Choral repeated reading of poetry was then added

Karen E. Newsome

209

Presenting California State University Admission Requirements to Tenth Grade Students: A Pilot Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to introduce information about the new California State University freshman admission requirements to high school students, an outreach program has been developed in the university's feeder high schools, particularly those with large numbers of minority students. A pilot project was conducted with tenth grade students in Alhambra High…

Meacham, Isabel; Bachmann, George

210

Turning Points: A Transitional Story of Grade Seven Music Students' Participation in High School Band Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a framework for our study, a broad set of themes related to the retention of students in music programmes are presented to enhance our understanding of how to retain band students. Data were collected from grade seven students comprising four focus groups. We used ethnodrama, an arts-based educational research approach, to represent results as…

Gouzouasis, Peter; Henrey, Julia; Belliveau, George

2008-01-01

211

The Influence of Circadian Type, Time of Day and Class Difficulty on Students' Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: In this paper we investigate how students' class grades are affected by individual differences in circadian rhythm, class time-of-day and class difficulty. Method: Using a sample of university students, we assessed morningness and eveningness personality type, and then obtained students recalled classes as well as their…

McElroy, Todd; Mosteller, Lynn

2006-01-01

212

Using Dynamic Geometry Software to Improve Eight Grade Students' Understanding of Transformation Geometry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effect of dynamic geometry software (DGS) on students' learning of transformation geometry. A pre- and post-test quasi-experimental design was used. Participants in the study were 68 eighth grade students (36 in the experimental group and 32 in the control group). While the experimental group students were studying the…

Guven, Bulent

2012-01-01

213

Arizona?s Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well the student knows the reading, writing, and mathematics content that all Arizona students in the student's grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS DPA includes…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

214

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well the student knows the reading, writing, and mathematics content that all Arizona students in the student's grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS DPA includes…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

215

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well the student knows the reading, writing, and mathematics content that all Arizona students in the student's grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS DPA includes…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

216

Reading Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities in the Upper Elementary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For students with learning disabilities, the upper elementary grades may represent a unique opportunity to provide successful remediation for lessening a reading difficulty and preventing students with learning disabilities from falling behind in other content areas. This article discusses effective reading interventions for students with learning…

Wanzek, Jeanne; Kent, Shawn C.

2012-01-01

217

Concept Mapping in Science Class: A Case Study of Fifth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research project was to determine the effects of incorporating concept mapping on the achievement of fifth grade students in science class. The study was conducted with twenty-three students at Ata Elementary School, Trabzon, Turkey. The students were tested with teacher-constructed pre- and post tests containing 20…

Asan, Askin

2007-01-01

218

Peer Contexts: Do Old for Grade and Retained Peers Influence Student Behavior in Middle School?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Many school systems have ended social promotion by implementing accountability systems where students who fail academic assessments are retained in grade. Additionally, some parents have delayed their children's entry into school, believing that older students have an advantage. While research has examined outcomes for students

Muschkin, Clara G.; Glennie, Elizabeth; Beck, Audrey N.

2014-01-01

219

Examining One Class of Third-Grade Spellers: The Diagnostic Potential of Students' Spelling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to examine the developmental spelling levels of one class of 17 third-grade students. In analyzing over 600 student spelling samples, results indicate that these students spanned four spelling stages: (1) letter name, (2) within word pattern, (3) syllables and affixes, and (4) derivational relations (Bear,…

Ness, Molly K.

2010-01-01

220

Grade 1 Students Meet David Wiesner's "Three Pigs."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the oral, written, and visual arts responses of a group of Grade 1 children. Discusses first grade children's understandings of and responses to several Radical Change characteristics and metafictive techniques found in David Wiesner's "The Three Pigs" (2001), the 2002 Randolph Caldecott Medal winner. Explores the nature of the literary…

Pantaleo, Sylvia

2002-01-01

221

Testing the Efficacy of INSIGHTS on Student Disruptive Behavior, Classroom Management, and Student Competence in Inner City Primary Grades  

Microsoft Academic Search

A prevention trial tested the efficacy of INSIGHTS into Children’s Temperament as compared to a Read Aloud attention control condition in reducing student disruptive behavior and enhancing student competence\\u000a and teacher classroom management. Participants included 116 first and second grade students, their parents, and their 42 teachers\\u000a in six inner city schools. Teachers completed the Sutter-Eyberg Student Behavior Inventory (SESBI)

Sandra Graham McClowry; David L. Snow; Catherine S. Tamis-LeMonda; Eileen T. Rodriguez

2010-01-01

222

A Survey of Student Assessment Practice in Physical Education: Recommendations for Grading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the physical education discipline, there has been debate and a lack of consensus with regard to the relevancy of various factors used for the determination of student grades such as attendance, being dressed in a physical education uniform, and participation. To examine current professional practice with respect to grading in physical…

Young, Shawna

2011-01-01

223

The Effectiveness of the Touch Math Program with Fourth and Fifth Grade Special Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The math achievement of third and fourth grade special education students has been identified as an area of concern within a public school located in a small rural town located on the east coast. The purpose of this action research study was to investigate whether or not the Touch Math strategy increased the math ability of third and fourth grade

Green, Nora D.

2009-01-01

224

What Influences Eighth-Grade Hispanic Students' Academic Achievement? A Structural Equation Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A structural model of school learning was tested to examine both direct and indirect influences of previous grades, quality of instruction, motivation, quantity of instruction, and homework on Hispanic-American eighth-grade students' academic achievement, while controlling for background variables. The model was analyzed with path analytic…

Hernandez-Gantes, Victor M.

225

Language patterns and gender role orientation among students in grades 3–12  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated current generic referent usage among 1,529 public school children in grades 3–12. The results indicated that, in spite of a growing body of research which has expressed concern over the prevalent use of the masculine generic, there was little evidence that overall referent usage patterns have been modified. Among male students, usage patterns differentiated by grade level

Virginia P. Richmond; Joan Gorham

1988-01-01

226

Factors Affecting Literacy Achievement of Eighth Grade Middle School Instrumental Music Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this pretest-posttest comparative efficacy study was to analyze factors affecting literacy achievement of eighth grade middle school instrumental music students (n = 38) including (a) socioeconomic status (SES), (b) gender, (c) grade point average (GPA), (d) music motivation, (e) music involvement, and (f) instrument section. The…

Kurt, Johnny T.

2010-01-01

227

What Do Student Grades Mean? Differences across Schools. Education Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spite of widespread concerns about low academic achievement nationally, parents generally have expressed satisfaction with their own children's achievement and schools, largely because their children's grades suggest that they are doing well. This report examines what student grades tell about achievement through the use of data from the…

Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC. Office of Research.

228

Can First and Second Grade Students Benefit from an Alcohol Use Prevention Program?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Protecting You/Protecting Me (PY/PM) is a classroombased, alcohol use prevention and vehicle safety program for elementary students from first through fifth grades developed by Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD). PY/PM is one of the first alcohol prevention programs to target children as early as first grade. The focus of this study is on the…

Bell, Mary Lou; Padget, Alison; Kelley-Baker, Tara; Rider, Raamses

2007-01-01

229

Delaware Student Testing Program. Work Sampling Assessment: Kindergarten and First Grade Development Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes domains to be covered by the Work Sampling Assessment of the Delaware Student Testing Programs Kindergarten and First Grade assessment. It contains guidelines to the skills children should demonstrate at these grades. It also describes indicators of these skills in terms of specific achievements. For Kindergarten, the first…

Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover.

230

Gender, Grade, and Ethnic Differences in Student Attitudes and Perception of Harm Toward Substance Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inconclusive research results have emerged regarding students' attitudes and perception of harm toward substance use. Additionally, researchers have found mixed results regarding the combination of gender, grade level, and ethnicity with attitude toward use and perception of harm for drug usage. The current study attempts to explore the effects of gender, grade level and ethnicity on drug attitudes and perceived

Eric C. Albers; Linda K. Santangelo; George McKinlay; Steve Cavote; Stephen L. Rock

2002-01-01

231

Grade-Aligned Math Instruction for Secondary Students with Moderate Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of grade-aligned math instruction on math skill acquisition of four middle schools with moderate intellectual disability. Teachers were trained to follow a task analysis to teach grade-aligned math to middle school students using adapted math problem stories and graphic organizers. The teacher…

Browder, Diane M.; Jimenez, Bree A.; Trela, Katherine

2012-01-01

232

Meeting the Needs of Students with LD in the Middle Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers principals some suggestions to help middle school teachers increase the success of students with learning disabilities. For example, discuss and implement grading policies that recognize and reward effort and achievement. (PKP)

Ring, Mary M.; Reetz, Linda

2003-01-01

233

Classroom Quality and Student Engagement: Contributions to Third-Grade Reading Skills  

PubMed Central

This study, using NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development longitudinal data, investigated the effects of classroom quality and students’ third-grade behavioral engagement on students’ third-grade reading achievement (n?=?1,364) and also examined the extent to which students’ third-grade behavioral engagement mediated the association between classroom quality and children's reading skills. SEM results revealed that controlling for family socio economic risk and students’ first-grade reading achievement, classroom quality significantly, and positively predicted children's behavioral engagement, which in turn predicted greater reading achievement. Higher levels of children's behavioral engagement were associated with higher reading achievement. Implications for policy and practice are discussed. PMID:21779272

Guo, Ying; Connor, Carol McDonald; Tompkins, Virginia; Morrison, Frederick J.

2011-01-01

234

Nebraska Science Standards: Grades K-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents the Nebraska Science Standards for Grades K-12. The standards are presented according to the following grades: (1) Grades K-2; (2) Grades 3-5; (3) Grades 6-8; and (4) Grades 9-12.

Nebraska Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

235

Helping Students Adapt to Graduate School: Making the Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, formulated by the Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry (GAP) Committee on the College Student, describes the complexity of graduate student lives and advocates providing students with mental health services and other support to help them cope more successfully with the challenges of graduate school. It provides a view of students

Silber, Earle; Arnstein, Robert L.; Backus, Varda; Eddy, Harrison P.; Liptzin, Myron B.; Notman, Malkah Tolpin; Reich, Peter; Reid, Elizabeth Aub; Siggins, Lorraine D.; Silverman, Morton; Stauffer, Tom G.; Wenger, Robert E.

236

Reproducibility of a School-Based Nutrition Monitoring Questionnaire in Fourth Grade Elementary School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessment of nutrition-related behaviors is dependent on the development of reliable instruments. The objective of this study was to assess the reliability of a School-Based Nutrition Monitoring (SBNM) Questionnaire for 4th grade elementary school students using a test-retest study design. The study population included 322 fourth grade students from 2 school districts in the Houston area. To assess test-retest reproducibility,

M. A. Phillips; D. H. Montgomery

1998-01-01

237

Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. A Large-Scale Study of Middle Grades Practices and Student Outcomes. Technical Appendix B  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This appendix focuses on the descriptive statistics of the middle study schools that participated in the "Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. A Large-Scale Study of Middle Grades Practices and Student Outcomes. Initial Research." This appendix contains the following figures: (1) Student demographics/background; (2)…

EdSource, 2010

2010-01-01

238

How Much Is that Exam Grade Really Worth? An Estimation of Student Risk Aversion to Their Unknown Final College Course Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study created an experimental design with which students can empirically assess their risk behavior with respect to exam grades within an expected utility framework. Specifically, the authors analyzed students' risk preferences associated with taking exams and earning a "risky" unknown grade versus not taking exams and instead obtaining a…

Nalley, Lanier; McKenzie, Andrew

2011-01-01

239

The Relationship between Curriculum-Based Measures in Oral Reading Fluency and High-Stakes Tests for Seventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between oral reading fluency and performance on a statewide reading achievement test for middle grades students. Participants in this study were 75 seventh grade students. One month before the students were administered the state test, each student read three probes from their current…

Hunley, Sawyer A.; Davies, Susan C.; Miller, Christina R.

2013-01-01

240

Patterns of Hispanic Students' Math Skill Proficiency in the Early Elementary Grades  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we describe patterns of Hispanic students' math skill development during elementary school using data from a nationally representative sample of Hispanic students assessed in math skills from kindergarten through 5th grade. Several robust patterns are evident. First, Hispanic students enter kindergarten with average math skills significantly lower than those of native-born, non-Hispanic White students, and similar to

Sean F. Reardon; Claudia Galindo

2007-01-01

241

Ninth-grade students' attitudes toward energy: A comparison between Maine and New Brunswick  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the study was to determine if there was any relationship between energy attitudes of ninth-grade students by gender and by their geographical location (Maine and New Brunswick). For general energy concerns, Maine students had a more positive attitude than New Brunswick students. Both Maine and New Brunswick females had a more positive attitude toward energy than males. Overall, Maine and New Brunswick students had a nonpositive attitude toward energy.

Barrow, L.H.; Morrisey, J.T.

1987-01-01

242

A Comparison of Anxiety Levels of Student Teachers Taking Pass/Fail versus Grade in Student Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study indicated that student teaching is an anxiety-producing experience but little difference exists between students taking it by pass/fail and those taking it by grade. Both tended to experience loss of sleep and appetite changes and higher anxiety levels when confronted with situations involving the university coordinator. (NQA)

Yarbro, Richard C.

1982-01-01

243

All Students Can Learn: Effects of Curriculum Alignment on the Mathematics Achievement of Third-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study involved over 4,000 third grade students in a large (90,000+) suburban-emerging-urban school district. The purpose of the study was to examine the effectiveness of curriculum alignment on student achievement in mathematics as measured by the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (IOWA) after one year of implementation in the DeKalb County School…

Mitchell, Felicia Moss

244

A Comparison of Level of Understanding of Eighth-Grade Students and Science Student Teachers Related to Selected Chemistry Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to investigate and compare level of understanding of eighth-grade students and student teachers in their final year in the science education department related to concepts of solution, gas, and chemical change. A qualitative and quantitative methodology was used for this investigation. Open-ended questions and group…

Calik, Muammer; Ayas, Alipasa

2005-01-01

245

Student Self-Concept and Effort: Gender and Grade Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' self-concept and effort in schoolwork are known to have significant influences on essential academic outcomes, but self-concept and effort may decline as students grow up. Students from 16 schools in Sydney (N = 2200) were asked to rate on two self-concept components (competency and affect) and effort in schoolwork. Based on measures…

Yeung, Alexander Seeshing

2011-01-01

246

Student Name: _______________________________________________________________ Course Prefix Credits Pre-Reqs Grade Semester  

E-print Network

and instrumental students take the following courses: Intro to Music Education MUE 2040 2 MUT 1241, MUT 1112, MUE a separate application. The student must complete all courses (education and music), piano proficiency the College of Education The student must complete all courses (education and music), piano proficiency

Fernandez, Eduardo

247

Early Grade Retention and Student Success: Evidence from Los Angeles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When a student fails to master academic material, educators face a range of choices--they can provide extra tutoring, place the student in summer school, or, as a last resort, hold the student back for a year. This last option--retention--often proves to be a difficult and contentious issue for both schools and parents. California currently lacks…

Cannon, Jill S.; Lipscomb, Stephen

2011-01-01

248

When the Tail Wags the Dog: Perceptions of Learning and Grade Orientation in, and by, Contemporary College Students and Faculty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three investigations assessed how concurrent emphases on the intrinsic value of learning and the importance of grades affect college student and instructor views of themselves and of one another. Results suggest that students and instructors have compatible learning and grade orientation ideals, but that current grading practices adversely affect…

Pollio, Howard R.; Beck, Hall P.

2000-01-01

249

Expectations of teachers for physically handicapped and normal first grade students.  

PubMed

A descriptive study was conducted to determine whether teachers held different student role expectations for physically handicapped first grade students than they did for physically normal students. Contrary to predictions, results demonstrated that the teachers held statistically significantly higher expectations for the physically handicapped students. Such differences might be due to social desirability (responding in what appears to be a socially acceptable manner), or to a "haloing" of expectations for physically handicapped students. The teachers' inflated expectations could result in negative reactions toward handicapped students who do not demonstrate anticipated behaviors or live up to inflated expectations. PMID:160194

Furgang, N T; Yerxa, E J

1979-11-01

250

End of Course Grades and Standardized Test Scores: Are Grades Predictive of Student Achievement?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extent to which end-of-course grades are predictive of Virginia Standards of Learning test scores in nine high school content areas. It also analyzed the impact of the variables school cluster attended, gender, ethnicity, disability status, Limited English Proficiency status, and socioeconomic status on the relationship…

Ricketts, Christine R.

2010-01-01

251

Traditional Grades or Pass-Fail? Part III--Student Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of numerical grades or a pass-fail system at the first-professional degree level in a health professions college, this paper provides the results and analysis of a student survey. Some 73 percent of student respondents felt that academic achievement was not affected by pass-fail. (LBH)

Gibley, Charles W., Jr.; Davis, Robert H.

1978-01-01

252

Environmental Attitudes, Knowledge, and Behaviors of Missouri 6th- and 12th-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) produces various environmental materials for preschool, elementary, and secondary students and sponsors outdoor education programs. An MDC-sponsored survey of students in grades 6 and 12 found moderate levels of environmental knowledge, with weaknesses in the areas of biodiversity, wetlands, and…

Greene, Janice Schnake; Roddiger, Brian; Drysdale, Li'anne; Gray, Ginger; Merrigan, Colleen; Witter, Dan

2000-01-01

253

Working and Non-Working University Students: Anxiety, Depression, and Grade Point Average  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the differences between 110 working and non-working students in terms of mental health, academic achievement, and perceptions about student employment. Anxiety and depression were measured by the Beck Anxiety Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory-II. Academic achievement was measured by grade point average. Perceptions of…

Mounsey, Rebecca; Vandehey, Michael A.; Diekhoff, George M.

2013-01-01

254

Exploring Grade 7 Students’ Written Responses to Shaun Tan’s The Arrival  

Microsoft Academic Search

During two multifaceted, classroom-based research projects, Grade 7 students had opportunities to develop their understanding of metafictive devices and art and design elements by reading a selection of picturebooks and graphic novels. The students also had the opportunity to apply their knowledge and create their own multimodal print texts. This article focuses on The Arrival (Shaun Tan, 2006), one of

Sylvia Pantaleo; Alexandra Bomphray

2011-01-01

255

At the University of Houston, our student athletes are not graded by the number of  

E-print Network

At the University of Houston, our student athletes are not graded by the number of games won in grit and determination. UH ATHLETICS #12;17 3NBA's Top 50 Greatest Players 5NCAA Men's Final Four and Olympic gold, our student-athletes are more determined than ever to write their own pages in our story

Azevedo, Ricardo

256

Internet Use and Online Literacy among Middle Grade Students at Risk of Dropping out of School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research provides an analysis of Internet use and online literacy skill among seventh-grade students who were identified as having a high risk for school dropout. Participants (n = 1,025) included students from 12 middle schools in 9 school districts. Six of the schools were located in rural and urban districts in the Northeast United States…

Hutchinson, Amy; Henry, Laurie A.

2010-01-01

257

Using Multiple Representations to Promote Grade 11 Students' Scientific Understanding of the Particle Theory of Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored two groups of Grade 11 (age 16-17) students' conceptual understandings about aspects of particle theory before, immediately after, and 3 months after instruction with multiple representations (IMR) and instruction with verbal representations (IVR). Data sources included open-ended questionnaires, interviews, and student

Adadan, Emine

2013-01-01

258

Mathematical Communications: Elementary Pre-Service Teachers' E-Mail Exchanges with Sixth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the communication between pre-service teachers and sixth grade students in a project in which email was used for communication as students learned about fractions and were supported by the pre-service teachers. Specifically, the study investigated how the pre-service teachers applied their mathematical knowledge to understand…

Tunc-Pekkan, Zelha; D'Ambrosio, Beatriz S.

2009-01-01

259

A Case Study on the Local Organization of Two Mathematically Gifted Seventh-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the performance of two mathematically gifted Korean 7th-grade students in tasks involving local organization in geometry. The students understood the necessity of definitions and starting points in defining terms and organizing geometrical properties. They improved the clarity of their definitions and arranged the properties…

Yim, Jaehoon; Chong, Yeong Ok; Song, Sang Hun; Kwon, Seokil

2008-01-01

260

Experimental Evidence on the Effect of Grading Incentives on Student Learning in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors aim to identify the causal effect of the use of graded problem sets on academic performance of Spanish students. The identification strategy relies on an experiment in which the authors exploit variation arising from observing the performance of nearly 300 students taking the same class during the same semester and…

Artes, Joaquin; Rahona, Marta

2013-01-01

261

Providing Practical Applications of Computer Technology for Fifth Grade Students in Career Awareness Laboratories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum addressed the problem of providing practical computer application experiences to fifth grade students as they relate to real life work situations. The primary goal was to have students become cognizant of computer functions within the work setting as contrasted with viewing computer activities as instruments used for games or…

Pereno, Joan S.

262

Cell Block: The Creation of a Video Game for Seventh Grade Science Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's classroom model is based on a 19 th century industrial model that is not designed to serve the needs of current 21 st century students. This paper details the design and creation of a two-dimensional, side-scrolling video game on cell structure and function of the typical animal cell for seventh grade science students in an intermediate school in Hawaii.

Deanna M. K. Reece

263

How Fifth-Grade Students Use Story Mapping to Aid Their Reading Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis examined the reading comprehension process of three fifth-grade students who demonstrated the ability to read and write fluently but had difficulties remembering and understanding important information about what they read. The aim of this research was to develop and implement an effective teaching strategy for low-achieving students

Weih, Timothy G.

2000-01-01

264

Assessing and Dealing with School-Related Stress in Grades 3-12 Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Certain aspects of a school environment can be stressful for students. The School Situation Survey (SSS) was developed to assess school-related stress among students in grades 3 through 12. The seven scales of the SSS assess four sources of stress (Teacher Interactions, Academic Stress, Peer Interactions, Academic Self-Concept) and three…

Helms, Barbara J.; Gable, Robert K.

265

The Reliability and Usability of a Semantic Differential Attitude Scale with Third through Fifth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An attitude questionnaire, administered to third, fourth, and fifth grade students, is discussed. The questionnaire, "How I Feel," was composed of a packet of directions to the teacher, directions to the student with sample questions, and 11 concepts, each of which was evaluated by six bipolar adjective pairs that were chosen because of their…

Oles, Henry J.; Bolvin, John O.

266

The Effects of Task Demands and Additive Interspersal Ratios on Fifth-Grade Students' Mathematics Accuracy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assignments were altered to determine if interspersing additional briefer and easier mathematics problems enhanced students' accuracy on longer, more difficult target problems across two types of mathematics assignments. Students (N = 52) from three fifth-grade classes completed six math assignments incorporating two task demands and three…

Hawkins, James; Skinner, Christopher H.; Oliver, Renee

2005-01-01

267

Increasing Constructive Behavior of Intermediate Grade Students through the Use of The Response Cost Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research project was to increase constructive behavior of intermediate grade students through the use of the response cost strategy. Approximately 70 students participated in this study. Three teacher researchers conducted the research in an elementary school and two middle schools in different counties near a major mid-western…

Bauer, Heather; Burno, Carolyn; Millstone, Teresa

2009-01-01

268

Reducing Test Anxiety and Improving Academic Performance in Fourth Grade Students: Exploring an Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative study investigated the effectiveness of a teacher-implemented intervention of eight sessions integrated into an existing curriculum to reduce test anxiety and improve academic performance in fourth grade students. The experimental group, n=23 was drawn from a sample of 64 students in a southwestern Rhode Island public school…

Donato, Jeanne M.

2009-01-01

269

Enabling Teachers to Explore Grade Patterns to Identify Individual Needs and Promote Fairer Student Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exploring student test, homework, and other assessment scores is a challenge for most teachers, especially when attempting to identify cross-assessment weaknesses and produce final course grades. During the course, teachers need to identify subject weaknesses in order to help students who are struggling with a particular topic. This identification…

Friedler, Sorelle A.; Tan, Yee Lin; Peer, Nir J.; Shneiderman, Ben

2008-01-01

270

Consuming Educational Services: A Curriculum Module for Eleventh Grade Students in the State of New York.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document presents a curriculum module designed to help 11th grade students become intelligent consumers of educational services by focusing on relevant contemporary legal developments. The major goal is to promote students' awareness and understanding of their role as consumers of educational services, their rights and obligations, legal…

Fischer, Louis; Schimmel, David

271

Truth: Humanities Unit (Middle and Secondary Grade Levels). Programs for Gifted Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of instructional units designed for gifted students, this booklet describes a humanities unit for students in middle and secondary grades. The specific focus of the unit is on truth as it is perceived and expressed in philosophy, literature, art, music, drama, and the social sciences. The study of truth and its surrounding concepts…

Abbott, Barbara; Kolman, Peter

272

Grade 5 Students' Online Argumentation about Their In-Class Inquiry Investigations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extent to which fifth-grade students participate in online argumentation and the argument patterns they produced about the inquiry-based investigations completed using the Science Writing Heuristic approach in their science classes. One hundred twenty-nine students from five classes of two teachers in a Midwestern public…

Choi, Aeran; Hand, Brian; Norton-Meier, Lori

2014-01-01

273

Student Evaluations of Teaching: Effects of the Big Five Personality Traits, Grades and the Validity Hypothesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study was to examine whether the Big Five personality traits and expected student grades relate to student evaluations of teachers and courses at the college level. Extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness were found to be personality traits favoured in instructors, whereas neuroticism was not. A…

Patrick, Carol Lynn

2011-01-01

274

Chinese and Singaporean Sixth-Grade Students' Strategies for Solving Problems about Speed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined 361 Chinese and 345 Singaporean sixth-grade students' performance and problem-solving strategies for solving 14 problems about speed. By focusing on students from two distinct high-performing countries in East Asia, we provide a useful perspective on the differences that exist in the preparation and problem-solving…

Jiang, Chunlian; Hwang, Stephen; Cai, Jinfa

2014-01-01

275

Factors Influencing Mathematical Problem-Solving Achievement of Seventh Grade Turkish Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is known that there are many factors affecting students' problem-solving abilities. In this study, the influence of seventh-grade students' affective factors, their academic success, their gender and their families' educational levels on their problem-solving achievement was examined. To achieve this aim, a Problem-Solving Attitude Scale, a…

Guven, Bulent; Cabakcor, Buket Ozum

2013-01-01

276

Primary Grade Students Engage in Creative Word Play through Traditional and Hands-On Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Word play is an important skill allowing product names, show titles, jokes, poetry and other writings or orations to be interesting, entertaining and well-remembered. This pretest--posttest counterbalanced study compared two instructional approaches for teaching second and third grade students (n = 71) word play skills. Students at a public…

Webb, Angela Naomi; Rule, Audrey C.; Cavanaugh, Adrianna D.; Munson, Angel

2014-01-01

277

Increasing Reflective Writing and Goal Setting Skills on High Ability Sixth Grade Mathematics Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A practicum was developed and implemented to help identify, give direction to, and build self-motivation in high ability sixth-grade students attending a magnet school in a progressive, fast-growing southwestern school district. It was felt that students must be in the driver's seat for them to have ownership for working up to their potential.…

Edwins, Sharon D.

278

The Long-Term Effects of Strategy-Focussed Writing Instruction for Grade Six Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We compared 56 eighth-grade students who, 28 months previously, had received instruction in strategies for planning and revising their writing, with 21 students of similar academic ability from the same school who had not experienced the intervention. Both groups wrote an expository essay whilst logging their writing activities and completed…

Fidalgo, Raquel; Torrance, Mark; Garcia, Jesus-Nicasio

2008-01-01

279

The Effect of Teachers' Cultural Proficiency Training on Sixth Grade Students' Reading Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the overall reading achievement of African American (n = 42) and White (n = 21) sixth grade students in an urban Midwestern school, after their teachers' engaged in culturally proficiency training provided by The Minnesota Humanities Center. Data for students in the study was collected for comprehension levels or acuity…

Wells-Rivers, Diane

2011-01-01

280

Bystanders to Bullying: Fourth-to Seventh-Grade Students' Perspectives on Their Reactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim with the present study was to investigate bystander actions in bullying situations as well as reasons behind these actions as they are articulated by Swedish students from fourth to seventh grade. Forty-three semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with students. Qualitative analysis of data was performed by methods from…

Forsberg, Camilla; Thornberg, Robert; Samuelsson, Marcus

2014-01-01

281

Seventh Grade Students' Perceptions of Motivation Factors in the Mathematics Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite reform efforts, the mathematics achievement of middle school students in America remains below expectations. Research supports the role of motivation in academic achievement and the possible merit of including student perspectives in reform. The purpose of this mixed methods study was to identify, understand, and report seventh grade

Keaney, Elizabeth Anderson

2012-01-01

282

Thai Grade 10 and 11 Students' Conceptual Understanding and Ability to Solve Stoichiometry Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stoichiometry and related concepts are an important part of student learning in chemistry. In this interpretive-based inquiry, we investigated Thai Grade 10 and 11 students' conceptual understanding and ability to solve numerical problems for stoichiometry-related concepts. Ninety-seven participants completed a purpose-designed survey instrument…

Dahsah, Chanyah; Coll, Richard K.

2007-01-01

283

Thai Grade 10 and 11 Students' Understanding of Stoichiometry and Related Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research reported in this case study explores the understanding of stoichiometry and related concepts of Thai science students in grades 10 and 11 after major national curriculum reforms. Students' conceptions and alternative conceptions were investigated using a questionnaire--the "Stoichiometry Concept Questionnaire" (SCQ) (N = 97), which…

Dahsah, Chanyah; Coll, Richard Kevin

2008-01-01

284

Students' and Teachers' Perceptions and Use of Sixth Grade Social Studies Textbooks in Champaign Middle Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The attitudes of grade 6 middle school students and teachers toward their social studies textbook, "American Neighbors," (Macmillan, 1980) were measured through conversations, interviews, classroom observations, questionnaires, attitude measures, student letters to textbook authors, and a metaphor task. The case study, which took place between…

Crismore, Avon

285

An Assessment of Grade Four Students Learning: The Case of Jimma Town  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed at investigating grade four students learning at Jimma town, Ethiopia. A cross sectional survey method was employed. Students, teachers and principals were participants of the study. Standardized tests, questionnaire, interview and observation were the instruments used to collect authentic information from the research…

Lemma, Abbi; Regasa, Tadese; Hailu, Ewnetu; Sime, Tariku; Ferede, Bekalu; Tolemariam, Taye; Dejene, Tariku

2014-01-01

286

The Effect of Shared Reading on Sixth Grade Students' Motivation to Read and Reading Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine whether there are changes in student motivation to read and reading comprehension when the instructional strategy of shared reading is used with sixth grade students. The quasi-experimental design for the study was based on the pretest-posttest nonequivalent control group design. The sample for the study…

Hollimon, Deborah Neal

2008-01-01

287

Rethinking Exams and Letter Grades: How Much Can Teachers Delegate to Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we report a 3-yr study of a large-enrollment Cell Biology course focused on developing student skill in scientific reasoning and data interpretation. Specifically, the study tested the hypothesis that converting the role of exams from summative grading devices to formative tools would increase student success in acquiring those…

Kitchen, Elizabeth; King, Summer H.; Robison, Diane F.; Sudweeks, Richard R.; Bradshaw, William S.; Bell, John D.

2006-01-01

288

Assessing AIM: A Study of Grade 8 Students in an Ontario School Board  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed-method study examines the proficiency in and perceptions of French language learning of Grade 8 students who were exposed to an instructional approach called the Accelerative Integrated Method (AIM). Six AIM classes (n = 125) and six non-AIM classes (n = 135) were observed and their students tested using a four-skills French as a second…

Mady, Callie; Arnott, Stephanie; Lapkin, Sharon

2009-01-01

289

Gender Association of Musical Instruments and Preferences of Fourth-Grade Students for Selected Instruments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides research findings concerning the musical instrument preferences of fourth grade students. Finds that, although gender associations with certain instruments have lessened, they remain noticeably present. Identifies drums, saxophone, and flute as the most popular instruments. Notes a moderate relationship between student perceptions of peer…

Delzell, Judith K.; Leppla, David A.

1992-01-01

290

Is Retaining Students in the Early Grades Self-Defeating? CCF Brief #49  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether a child is a proficient reader by the third grade is an important indicator of their future academic success. Indeed, substantial evidence indicates that unless students establish basic reading skills by that time, the rest of their education will be an uphill struggle. This evidence has spurred efforts to ensure that all students receive…

West, Martin R.

2012-01-01

291

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well the student knows the reading, writing , and mathematics content that all Arizona students at the third grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS includes multiple-choice…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

292

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well students know the reading, writing, and mathematics content that all Arizona students at the sixth grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS DPA includes multiple-choice…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

293

Sixth-Grade Students' Views of the Nature of Engineering and Images of Engineers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the views of the nature of engineering held by 6th-grade students to provide a baseline upon which activities or curriculum materials might be developed to introduce middle-school students to the work of engineers and the process of engineering design. A phenomenographic framework was used to guide the analysis of data…

Karatas, Faik O.; Micklos, Amy; Bodner, George M.

2011-01-01

294

Catch a Star Book! Responses of Fifth-Grade Students to Celebrity-Authored Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reader response theory and research on book interest underpinned a study of the appeal of celebrity-authored children's storybooks to elementary school students. We engaged fifth-grade students in selecting and reading from a set of 41 celebrity-authored books and completing reader response forms. Utilizing the survey research design and a…

Akrofi, Amma; Janisch, Carole; Button, Kathryn; Liu, Xiaoming

2010-01-01

295

Measuring the Confidence of 8th Grade Taiwanese Students' Knowledge of Acids and Bases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated whether gender differences were present on the confidence judgments made by 8th grade Taiwanese students on the accuracy of their responses to acid-base test items. A total of 147 (76 male, 71 female) students provided item-specific confidence judgments during a test of their knowledge of acids and bases. Using the…

Jack, Brady Michael; Liu, Chia-Ju; Chiu, Houn-Lin; Tsai, Chun-Yen

2012-01-01

296

Effects of Brain Gym on Overhand Throwing in First Grade Students: A Preliminary Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose was to examine the effect of Brain Gym on learning the overhand throw among 42 first grade students. Participants from two intact classes were randomly assigned to an experimental or control condition. Students were tested before and after a 5-week intervention using the object control subtest from the Test of Gross Motor Development-2…

Maskell, Bronwen; Shapiro, Deborah R.; Ridley, Christopher

2004-01-01

297

Developing and Validating a Science Notebook Rubric for Fifth-Grade Non-Mainstream Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We present the development and validation of a science notebook rubric intended to measure the academic language and conceptual understanding of non-mainstream students, specifically fifth-grade male and female economically disadvantaged Hispanic English language learner (ELL) and African-American or Hispanic native English-speaking students. The…

Huerta, Margarita; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Tong, Fuhui; Irby, Beverly J.

2014-01-01

298

Guided Inquiry Learning Unit on Aquatic Ecosystems for Seventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using mini-aquaria experiments, a learning unit on the effects of light period on aquatic ecosystems was developed for 7th grade students. This guided inquiry unit was aimed at helping students understand basic ecological principles involved in relationships among physical, chemical, and biological components in aquatic ecosystems. It involved…

To-im, Jongdee; Ruenwongsa, Pintip

2009-01-01

299

Improving Instruction, Motivation, and Writing Skills To Foster Content Mastery among 11th Grade Chemistry Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum was designed to increase concept mastery of 11th grade chemistry students by improving instruction, motivation, and writing skills. The problem addressed was that many chemistry students, perform well in group learning situations, such as labs, but perform poorly on content-mastery tests. As a result of reviewing the literature, the…

Litteral, Diana B.

300

Fourth-Grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Standards-Based Lunar Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourth-grade students' knowledge of observable moon phases and patterns of change, as well as conceptual understanding of the cause of moon phases, was investigated before and after special instruction. Pretest and post-test data for 48 students were used to address the research question related to observable moon phases and patterns of change.…

Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Atwood, Ronald K.; Christopher, John E.

2007-01-01

301

Content Area Literacy: Individualizing Student Instruction in Second-Grade Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes a second-grade science curriculum designed to individualize student instruction (ISI-Science) so that students, regardless of initial science and literacy skills, gain science knowledge and reading skills. ISI-Science relies on the 5-E Learning Cycle as a framework and incorporates flexible, homogeneous, literacy skills-based…

Connor, Carol McDonald; Kaya, Sibel; Luck, Melissa; Toste, Jessica R.; Canto, Angela; Rice, Diana; Tani, Novell; Underwood, Phyllis S.

2010-01-01

302

The Relationship between Comprehension and Conceptual Mathematics of Third Grade Students at a Selected Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between reading comprehension scores and conceptual mathematics scores of third grade students at a selected elementary school. The sample consisted of 27 students of which 15 were females and 12 were males. Data were collected using a teacher made conceptual math exam and the scores from…

Kariuki, Patrick N.; Morris, Dustin A.

2013-01-01

303

Middle-Grade Predictors of Students’ Motivation and Behavior in High School  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated students’ school context, motivation, and behavior across the transition to high school. During the final marking period of 7th and 9th grades, students completed questionnaires assessing their academic self-concept and perceptions of the motivational context created by teachers, peers, and their economic opportunity structure. Achievement and discipline data were also collected at both time points. Ninth graders

Tamera B. Murdock; Lynley H. Anderman; Sheryl A. Hodge

2000-01-01

304

Review of "The Misplaced Math Student: Lost in Eighth-Grade Algebra"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Brookings Institution report questions the efficacy of increasing the number of students who take algebra in eighth grade. Although this policy has resulted in more equitable access to advanced math study, the report argues that a subgroup of students enrolled lack the basic mathematical skills needed to succeed. The report further argues that…

Burris, Carol Corbett

2008-01-01

305

Rethinking Exams and Letter Grades: How Much Can Teachers Delegate to Students?  

PubMed Central

In this article we report a 3-yr study of a large-enrollment Cell Biology course focused on developing student skill in scientific reasoning and data interpretation. Specifically, the study tested the hypothesis that converting the role of exams from summative grading devices to formative tools would increase student success in acquiring those skills. Traditional midterm examinations were replaced by weekly assessments administered under test-like conditions and followed immediately by extensive self, peer, and instructor feedback. Course grades were criterion based and derived using data from the final exam. To alleviate anxiety associated with a single grading instrument, students were given the option of informing the grading process with evidence from weekly assessments. A comparative analysis was conducted to determine the impact of these design changes on both performance and measures of student affect. Results at the end of each year were used to inform modifications to the course in subsequent years. Significant improvements in student performance and attitudes were observed as refinements were implemented. The findings from this study emphasized the importance of prolonging student opportunity and motivation to improve by delaying grade decisions, providing frequent and immediate performance feedback, and designing that feedback to be maximally formative and minimally punitive. PMID:17012219

Kitchen, Elizabeth; King, Summer H.; Robison, Diane F.; Sudweeks, Richard R.; Bradshaw, William S.

2006-01-01

306

First- and Second-Grade Students Communicate Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents examples of problem tasks that promote communication and develop or reinforce important mathematical concepts. Problems that have multiple solutions or methods of solution are best in stimulating discussion, creativity, and risk taking. Examples were chosen from TOPS: Communication Deck Grades 1 and 2 (Greenes, Schulman, and Spungin;…

Spungin, Rika

1996-01-01

307

A Student Perspective on How Online Discussions Should Be Graded  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grading discussions for quality and participation has been an area studied by researchers as the growth of online and distance learning has become a foundational component in academic environments. Research regarding assessment for online discussions has been in favor of employing and communicating specific rubrics for participation, as well as…

Hura, Gerri

2011-01-01

308

Advising Students about Required Grade-Point Averages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sophomores interested in professional colleges with grade-point average (GPA) standards for admission to upper division courses will need specific and realistic information concerning the requirements. Specifically, those who fall short of the standard must assess the likelihood of achieving the necessary GPA for professional program admission.…

Moore, W. Kent

2006-01-01

309

Racial Differences in Eighth Grade Students' Identification with Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Having a positive attitude about school, valuing school, and being intrinsically motivated is associated with higher grades, graduation, and college attendance. However, the literature reveals that these characteristics and attitudes are not uniform across race, class, and gender. The purpose of the current study was to examine racial differences…

Smith, Joshua S.; Estudillo, Antonio G.; Kang, Hyunchang

2011-01-01

310

Student self-concept and effort: gender and grade differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students’ self-concept and effort in schoolwork are known to have significant influences on essential academic outcomes, but self-concept and effort may decline as students grow up. Students from 16 schools in Sydney (N = 2200) were asked to rate on two self-concept components (competency and affect) and effort in schoolwork. Based on measures established in confirmatory factor analysis, a 5

Alexander Seeshing Yeung

2011-01-01

311

Policy Statement on Grade Configuration. Issue 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, several large urban districts, including Cincinnati, Cleveland, Milwaukee, New York City, Philadelphia, Portland, and Kansas City, Missouri have converted their middle schools (generally grades 6-8) to K-8 schools in the hope of improving student achievement, attendance, and behavior, while also enhancing parental involvement. The…

National Forum to Accelerate Middle-Grades Reform, 2008

2008-01-01

312

Wisconsin Mathematics Test, Grades 7 and 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mathematics achievement test for grades 7 and 8 is based on objectives identified in "Guidelines to Mathematics, 6-8." The test can be used as a criterion-referenced instrument, a diagnostic instrument, or an achievement instrument. Each test item is cross-referenced to the corresponding student behavioral objective in the above publication.…

Henderson, George L.; And Others

313

Assessment of science practical skills in Omani 12th?grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of science practical skills in Omani 12th?grade students was carried out using two test modes: paper and pencil and circus. A random selection of science?stream students was made in schools across Oman. From the national population of 1606 science?stream students, an 11% sample took part in the circus mode and a 23#lb5% sample in the paper?and?pencil test. Three

R. S. Al Busaidi; R. T. Allsop; R. J. Lock

1992-01-01

314

Career Awareness and Exploration. Ninth Grade Students Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide contains a 4-week course designed to address the problems students face in making career or job choices and selecting the appropriate high school courses to give them the necessary skills to achieve their career goal. It contains materials for teachers to use in doing the following: assist students in self-assessment, expand…

Tennessee State Dept. of Employment Security, Nashville.

315

Grade Expectations: How Marks and Education Policies Shape Students' Ambitions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While enrolment in tertiary education has increased dramatically over the past decades, many university-aged students do not enrol, nor do they expect to earn a university degree. While it is important to promote high expectations for further education, it is equally important to ensure that students' expectations are well-aligned with their…

OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2012

2012-01-01

316

Creating a Science E-Book with Fifth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explains how one teacher used iBooks Author, a free digital textbook creation tool that makes iBooks for iPads, in an upper elementary classroom to improve students' expository writing skills and understanding of science content. The classroom teacher taught students pre-requisite writing and technology skills for two weeks, and…

Encheff, Dana

2013-01-01

317

Developing Addition and Regrouping Competence among Second Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using the concrete-representational-abstract (CRA) teaching sequence with integrated strategy instruction for developing addition with regrouping competence among students with learning difficulties in mathematics. A total of 16 lessons were provided to 24 students during a six-week…

Miller, Susan P.; Kaffar, Bradley J.

2011-01-01

318

Workshops and laboratory visits for students grades 7-12  

E-print Network

· Genomics and genetics of cancer · Understanding how cancer spreads #12;Hands-On Activities Students Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT #12;Experience Cancer Research At the Koch Institute firsthand what it means to do cancer research in the 21st century. Researchers introduce students

Sabatini, David M.

319

Badminton Instruction for Students in Grades 7-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet describes: 1) athletic facilities and equipment needed for badminton, 2) teaching objectives, 3) performance fundamentals, 4) drills that teach skills needed for playing badminton, and 5) lesson progression for high school students. There are also suggestions for working with students with below average eye-hand coordination. (CJ)

Nebraska State Dept. of Education, Lincoln.

320

Concept Mapping and the Science Achievement of Third Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional strategies in science that fail to identify students' initial understanding of scientific concepts may leave students' flawed ideas unchanged, thus affecting their ability to synthesize, differentiate, and connect to new information in science. The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the relationship between concept…

Greene, Paulette

2011-01-01

321

The Effect of Twitter on College Student Engagement and Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the widespread use of social media by students and its increased use by instructors, very little empirical evidence is available concerning the impact of social media use on student learning and engagement. This paper describes our semester-long experimental study to determine if using Twitter--the microblogging and social networking…

Junco, R.; Heiberger, G.; Loken, E.

2011-01-01

322

Making the Grade: Academic Libraries and Student Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents analyses that look at the many factors that can impact student success, such as technological capability, diversity, and information literacy. The importance of libraries' partnership with other members of the higher education community in working toward a common goal of student success is also examined. Further, the book gives…

Kelly, Maurie Caitlin, Ed.; Kross, Andrea, Ed.

323

Business as Usual? Not for These Middle-Grades Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A perpetual dilemma of schooling is how to help students develop skills needed for everyday life, including the work world. Quantitative literacy, also called numeracy, involves an ability to apply essential mathematics skills to authentic or near-authentic tasks. Carefully planned classroom activities can help students develop these important…

Crawford, Heather; Wiest, Lynda

2011-01-01

324

The Perceptions of Twelfth-Grade Students on Financial Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem of financial illiteracy at the high school level is becoming a growing pandemic in America. The current financial curriculum may not be preparing high school students against reported financial pitfalls. At the study site, high school students graduate without financial skills that may impact their future financial status. The purpose…

Harrelson, Joseph Christopher

2010-01-01

325

The Relationship of Student Use of the Scholastic ReadAbout Software Systemon Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) Reading Test Scores as Reported in Student Records of Third and Fourth Grade Students at Comal Independent School District, Texas  

E-print Network

grade and fourth grade students spent using the ReadAbout software system and their performance on the third and fourth grade TAKS reading tests. 2. No statistically significant relationships were determined for gender or socioeconomic status when...

McGlothlin, Ross M.

2010-01-14

326

The Effects of Background Music in the Classroom on the Productivity, Motivation, and Behavior of Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students in a fourth grade classroom at Logan Elementary School are expressing numerous types of negative behaviors, are not motivated to learn, and do not stay on-task. In an effort to change these students, an action research study was conducted that implemented background music in the classroom. There were ten fourth grade students who…

White, Kevin N.

2007-01-01

327

An Investigation of Play: From the Voices of Fifth- and Sixth-Grade Talented and Gifted Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the concept of play through the eyes of talented and gifted (TAG) fifth- and sixth-grade students. Three focus groups consisting of fifth- and sixth-grade TAG students were conducted in one urban, one suburban, and one rural school district in the Midwest. Students were asked to describe the value of play…

Beisser, Sally Rapp; Gillespie, Catherine Wilson; Thacker, Valerie Marsh

2013-01-01

328

The Effect of Using a Mobile Literacy Game to Improve Literacy Levels of Grade One Students in Zambian Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This intervention study was conducted to document conditions under which a computer based literacy game (GraphoGame™) could enhance literacy skills of first grade students in an African city. The participants were first grade students from Government schools (N = 573). These students were randomly sampled into control (N = 314) and various…

Jere-Folotiya, Jacqueline; Chansa-Kabali, Tamara; Munachaka, Jonathan C.; Sampa, Francis; Yalukanda, Christopher; Westerholm, Jari; Richardson, Ulla; Serpell, Robert; Lyytinen, Heikki

2014-01-01

329

The Classification of the Probability Unit Ability Levels of the Eleventh Grade Turkish Students by Cluster Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the probability unit ability levels of the eleventh grade Turkish students were classified through cluster analysis. The study was carried out in a high school located in Trabzon, Turkey during the fall semester of the 2011-2012 academic years. A total of 84 eleventh grade students participated. Students were taught about…

Ozyurt, Ozcan

2014-01-01

330

Examining the Silence of Academic Disappointment: A Typology of Students' Reasons for Not Discussing Disappointing Grades with Instructors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although student-teacher interactions about disappointing grades can be beneficial, students do not always engage in them. The objective of this study was to explore the domain of reasons undergraduate students report for not discussing disappointing grades with their instructors. The data analysis yielded six main categories of reasons:…

Wright, Courtney N.

2013-01-01

331

The Relationship between Measures of Vocabulary and Narrative Writing Quality in Second- and Fourth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between measures of written vocabulary and writing quality. Participants included 92 second-grade students and 101 fourth-grade students. Students completed two writing samples: one an experimenter-developed writing task and the other, a standardized assessment of writing quality. Research…

Olinghouse, Natalie G.; Leaird, Jacqueline T.

2009-01-01

332

A Survey of Interests and Opinions of Middle Grades Youngsters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Opinions of middle school students, called "transescents," were studied in an effort to provide feedback to adminstrators, parents, and teachers involved in program development in a school district with a K-5, 6-8, and 9-12 grade level configuration. Participants were 200 students from a school district in east central Michigan. A questionnaire…

Sparapani, Ervin F.; Opalewski, David A.

333

The Effect of Seat Location on Exam Grades and Student Perceptions in an Introductory Biology Class  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The effect of seat location on learning has received surprisingly little attention in education literature (Weinstein 1979). Classroom experience and education literature suggest that students who sit in the front of a lecture hall are more likely to get As than students in the back (Benedict and Hoag 2004; Holliman and Anderson 1986; Pedersen 1994). The explanation may seem obvious--front-row students get better grades because they are better students. An experiment shows that sitting in the back of a lecture hall rather than the front does not have a detrimental effect on student performance on exams.

Taper, Mark L.; Kalinowki, Steven

2007-01-01

334

Instructional strategy change and the attitude and achievement of seventh- and eighth-grade science students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This sequential methodologic elaboration study investigated differences between the middle school and the junior high instructional strategies and the effects on adolescent attitude toward science in school and science achievement. Subjects of the quantitative phase were 570 seventh- and eighth-grade students in one school in an urban school district in the midwest United States during a transition year from junior high to middle school. Germann's Attitude toward Science in School Assessment and the school district's Benchmark Exams were employed to measure student pre- and posttest attitude and achievement. Variations within grade level, gender, race, general ability, and socioeconomic group were evaluated. Results of split plots revealed no significant differences in science attitude between the experimental middle school group and the junior high control group at this phase. However, there was significant improvement in attitude in both seventh-grade populations, but no change in attitude in either eighth-grade population. No significant differences in attitude were found between males and females, Caucasian students and students of color, or students of different ability or socioeconomic groups. Significant increases in science achievement were revealed in the seventh-grade junior high control group, the eighth-grade middle school, and the eighth-grade junior high, but not in the seventh-grade middle school. No significant differences in achievement were found between males and females. Caucasians scored significantly higher in achievement than students of color. Average and high ability students scored significantly higher pretest to posttest, but low ability students did not. High ability students scored significantly higher than both average and low ability groups. There was significant improvement in science achievement for students in the sufficient socioeconomic status group, but not in the low socioeconomic status group. These results were discussed with the five science teachers, the principal, and a university consultant in the setting, who were the informants of the qualitative elaboration phase of the study. Ethnographic methods uncovered themes explaining differences and similarities within the two instructional strategies. Teachers' feelings and stages of concern were identified. The results are discussed in terms of effectively implementing changes in instructional strategies and assessing science achievement of early adolescents.Received: 28 July 1993; Revised: 12 August 1994;

Houtz, Lynne E.

335

Increasing Word Recognition with Racially Diverse Second-Grade Students Using Fluency-Oriented Reading Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author examined the effectiveness of 2 fluency-oriented reading programs on improving reading fluency for an ethnically diverse sample of second-grade students. The first approach is Fluency-Oriented Reading Instruction (S. A. Stahl & K. Heubach, 2005), which incorporates the repeated reading of a grade-level text over the course of an academic week. This approach to reading is scaffolded by expert

Franklin Dickerson Turner

2012-01-01

336

UT EID# __________ Student ID #: __________ AY: 20____ -20____ School: ____________________________ Grade: ________________  

E-print Network

: ___________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ CITY STATE ZIP Home Phone: ___________________ Cell#: __________________ Student Email _________________ ______________ ___________ __________ Parent(1)/Guardian Address Home Phone # Work Phone # Primary Language _________________ ______________ ___________ __________ Parent(2)/Guardian Address Home Phone # Work Phone # Primary Language In case of an emergency, contact

Texas at Austin, University of

337

A Comparison of Gender and Socioeconomic Bracket in Fourth Grade Students when Measuring Volume  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of this study was to assess students' abilities when measuring volume as well as providing a hands-on method for designing a water-filtration process. I studied the trends among gender, time, and ability to measure water in two different groups of fourth grade students. Fourth grade students from both higher income and lower income school districts visited a STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) Studio in order to participate in hands-on, problem-based learning. The students in this study attempted to solve the "Dirty Water Problem" by measuring 281ml of dirty water solution, and using household tools to filter and clean the dirty water. This study showed that 68% of students from a high-income socioeconomic bracket were able to measure a determined volume of water independently. Meanwhile, only 18% of students from a low-income socioeconomic bracket were able to complete the same task independently. In the low-income bracket, 78% of students required assistance measuring a volume of water, indicating that the majority of these students performed below grade level. Where time spent at the station was concerned, the difference between high-income and low-income socioeconomic brackets was insignificant. Key Words: STEM, measurement, volume, design, Dirty Water Problem, socioeconomic bracket.

Jennings, Kelly A.

338

Grade Level Expectations: Do They Prepare Students for Introductory College Chemistry?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Grade Level Expectations (GLEs) established by the Louisiana Department of Education are intended to ensure that students are prepared for introductory college level chemistry. A sample of students in an introductory Chemistry class at Louisiana State University were tested to confirm that knowledge of the GLEs (chemical concept inventory pre-test and post-test score and normalized gain) correlated with performance in CHEM 1201 (average exam score and final exam score). No significant correlations were found. In-state Louisiana public school students and out-of-state/private school students were then considered separately with the assumption that Louisiana public school students were educated using the GLEs as the framework for their Chemistry education while out-of-state/private school students were not. It was determined that both groups of students performed statistically similarly in every category with the exception of their final exam score, with the out-of-state/private school students performing better.

Davies, M. M.

2010-10-01

339

Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. A Large-Scale Study of Middle Grades Practices and Student Outcomes. Technical Appendix D  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This appendix accompanies "Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. A Large-Scale Study of Middle Grades Practices and Student Outcomes. Initial Research Report." This appendix contains the full bibliography of all research and policy documents consulted during the development of the ten research domains and three survey…

EdSource, 2010

2010-01-01

340

Effects of a Nutrition Education Program on the Dietary Behavior and Nutrition Knowledge of Second-Grade and Third-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigated the effects of a nutrition education program on dietary behavior and nutrition knowledge among elementary school-aged children participating in a Social Cognitive Theory-based nutrition education program. Participants included 1100 second-grade and third-grade students selected by convenience-type sampling from public…

Powers, Alicia Raby; Struempler, Barbara J.; Guarino, Anthony; Parmer, Sondra M.

2005-01-01

341

COMPARING THE INFLUENCE OF SELF-REPORTED TEACHING PRACTICES ON THIRD GRADE ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS AND THIRD GRADE STUDENTS WHOSE HOME LANGUAGE IS ENGLISH  

E-print Network

are English language learners (ELLs). Through use of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), approximately 13,000 third grade students and their teachers were tested. The findings demonstrated a significant positive correlation between the teachers' attitude (TA...

Fox, Edward Bruce

2013-12-31

342

Exploring how experience with planning impacts first grade students' planning and solutions to engineering design problems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation presents research that investigated how first grade students' ability to construct solutions and to plan through drawing for engineering design problems is related to their participation in a LEGO-based engineering curriculum with two variations on the instruction for planning. The quasi-experimental design engaged two first grade classrooms in an urban K-6 Science and Technology elementary school outside of Boston, MA in a set of activities that asked students to construct solutions to engineering design problems inspired by the story of Goldilocks and the Three Bears. The planning classroom was provided with instructions on how to plan and students were required to plan through drawing prior to constructing their solution to engineering design problems. Students in the spontaneous classroom were not given instruction in planning and were allowed immediate access to materials to construct their solution. Students' drawings and constructed artifacts for engineering design problems during pre and post assessments as well as during the classroom were collected. The analysis of the classroom data found that students were able to successfully construct solutions to engineering design problems with increasingly number of requirements. Pre and post comparisons of students' performance on problems with materials they had had extensive experience with (LEGO) and craft materials (non-LEGO) found that students only made gains in constructing solutions to engineering design problems with materials they had prior experience with. The planning intervention appeared to have no relationship with students' ability to construct solutions that addressed requirements that were clearly presented to the students. However, there may be a relationship with less obvious requirements regarding aesthetics (as measured by symmetry of the artifacts) and material selection. In general, the findings suggest that planning through drawing may help students preserve their ideas but that first grade students do not use drawings for planning in the same manner as adults do. Implications for engineering education for early elementary are also discussed.

Portsmore, Merredith D.

343

Development and evaluation of a computer program to grade student performance on peripheral blood smears  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today's medical laboratories are dealing with cost containment health care policies and unfilled laboratory positions. Because there may be fewer experienced clinical laboratory scientists, students graduating from clinical laboratory science (CLS) programs are expected by their employers to perform accurately in entry-level positions with minimal training. Information in the CLS field is increasing at a dramatic rate, and instructors are expected to teach more content in the same amount of time with the same resources. With this increase in teaching obligations, instructors could use a tool to facilitate grading. The research question was, "Can computer-assisted assessment evaluate students in an accurate and time efficient way?" A computer program was developed to assess CLS students' ability to evaluate peripheral blood smears. Automated grading permits students to get results quicker and allows the laboratory instructor to devote less time to grading. This computer program could improve instruction by providing more time to students and instructors for other activities. To be valuable, the program should provide the same quality of grading as the instructor. These benefits must outweigh potential problems such as the time necessary to develop and maintain the program, monitoring of student progress by the instructor, and the financial cost of the computer software and hardware. In this study, surveys of students and an interview with the laboratory instructor were performed to provide a formative evaluation of the computer program. In addition, the grading accuracy of the computer program was examined. These results will be used to improve the program for use in future courses.

Lehman, Donald Clifford

344

The impact of teacher assigned but not graded compared to teacher assigned and graded chemistry homework on the formative and summative chemistry assessment scores of 11th-grade students with varying chemistry potential  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study analyzed 2005 posttest data compared to 2008 posttest data to determine student end of school year academic achievement outcomes across three academic levels (above average, average, and below average chemistry potential) and two teacher homework evaluation methods (assigned but not graded and assigned and graded) on teacher prepared 11th-grade assessments, district prepared 11th-grade assessment, and district graduation requirement physical science strand 11th-grade science Essential Learner Outcome assessment. Overall, results indicated that students with above average (n = 16), average, (n = 17) and below average (n = 14) chemistry potential whom were given teacher assigned and graded chemistry homework compared to students with above average (n = 17), average (n = 15), and below average (n = 19) chemistry potential whom were given teacher assigned but not graded chemistry homework had statistically significantly higher independent t test matter homework scores while atoms, naming, and reactions homework scores were generally in the direction of higher but not significant scores for students given graded homework regardless of their chemistry potential. Furthermore, students of above average and below average chemistry potential who were given assigned and graded chemistry homework performed statistically significantly better on the 11th-grade district prepared chemistry final and the district prepared physical science strand Essential Learner Outcome assessment t test results compared to students with the same chemistry potential given assigned but not graded chemistry homework, suggesting that the graded chemistry condition may have contributed to improved long term learning and retention of chemistry knowledge. Finally, the coefficient of determination (r2 = .95) measure of strength of relationship between not completing, not graded chemistry homework and a corresponding drop in chemistry assessment scores for all students was 95% and the coefficient of determination (r2 = .82) measure of strength of relationship between not completing, graded chemistry homework and a corresponding drop in chemistry assessment scores for all students was 82%. While not implying causality the study findings suggest that students who complete more homework, not graded or graded, have a higher probability of improving their chemistry assessment scores regardless of their chemistry potential.

Wilson, Jennifer L.

345

A study of teacher solicitations and student responses during read-alouds with kindergarten, first grade, and second grade students  

E-print Network

or aesthetic solicitations. In addition, each teacher solicitation-student response unit was coded as congruent or incongruent. The two newly established categories were then utilized to examine the nature of efferent and aesthetic teacher solicitation... of efferent solicitations during read- alouds. In addition, there appeared to be no relationship between teacher solicitation and student response congruency with the frequency of teacher solicitations for either efferent or aesthetic teacher solicitation...

Garcia, Norma Garza

2009-06-02

346

Personal-Academic Studies Engage Urban, Seventh-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A successful middle school team of teachers employed effective middle level philosophy to structure a curriculum around themes that were relevant, challenging, integrative, and engaging for their particular students and community. Realizing that their young adolescents were involved in tough, delicate issues in their out-of-school lives, the…

Hansen, Jane

2014-01-01

347

Family Configuration, Intelligence, and Grade Point Averages of College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The confluence model, proposed by Zajonc and Markus to explain the effects of certain family variables on cognitive development, was examined on the basis of the intelligence test scores and GPAs of a sample of college students (N = 148). Intelligence was measured by means of the Shipley Scale; GPAs were obtained from the college registrar. While results were generally

Edmund J. Sass; Theo. Lexmond

1981-01-01

348

The Erroneous Derivative Examples of Eleventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The derivative is not only an important subject for mathematics but also is an important subject for engineering, physics, economy, chemistry, and statistics. Especially, mathematics depends on strongly preceding learning and the subject of derivative will be used in university education by all students. Therefore, it is one of the most important…

Gur, Hulya; Barak, Basak

2007-01-01

349

COUNSELING AND GUIDANCE FOR UNDERACHIEVING FOURTH GRADE STUDENTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

IF THOSE STUDENTS CLASSIFIED AS UNDERACHIEVERS ARE TO RECEIVE MAXIMUM BENEFIT FROM THEIR EDUCATIONAL EXPERIENCE, EFFORTS MUST BE MADE TO IDENTIFY THEIR PROBLEMS AND AID THEM AT THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL. A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE SHOWS THAT MOST STUDIES CONCERNED WITH UNDERACHIEVERS HAVE BEEN CONCENTRATED AT THE SECONDARY OR COLLEGE LEVEL. A…

MUNGER, PAUL F.; AND OTHERS

350

Indicators of Multiplicative Reasoning among Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students encounter difficulty in their transition to advanced mathematical thinking. Such difficulty may be explained by a lack of understanding of many concepts taught in early school years, especially multiplicative reasoning. Advanced mathematical thinking depends on the development of multiplicative reasoning. The purpose of this study…

Carrier, James A.

2010-01-01

351

Introducing students grades 6-12 to expressive robotics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every year, tens of thousands of middle school and high school students participate in robotics competitions, such as Botball, FIRST, and VEX. This provides them with an excellent introduction to the ins and outs of building robots and programming them to autonomously accomplish specific tasks. However, the rules of many of these competitions often limit or prohibit human interaction with

David V. Lu; Ross Mead

2012-01-01

352

Reading Comprehension, Learning Styles, And Seventh Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reading is a basic life skill. Unfortunately, in 2007, only 29% of all eighth graders were able to comprehend at or above a proficient reading comprehension level. Sensory learning styles (kinesthetic, tactile, auditory, and visual) affect the way that students prefer to learn and the areas in which they will have difficulty learning. This study examined sensory learning styles as

Judy Lynne Williams

2010-01-01

353

Grade and Gender Differences in Gifted Students' Self-Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gifted adolescents are poised to make important decisions that will determine the trajectory of their futures. A positive self-concept may lead to higher educational and career aspirations, whereas a poorer self-concept may negatively influence choices and outcomes. Research points to self-concept differences among gifted students of different…

Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz; Capper, Marla Read; Foust, Regan Clark; Callahan, Carolyn M.; Albaugh, Susan B.

2009-01-01

354

RANKING STUDENTS WITH HELP OF MECHANIZED GRADING Queinnec Christian  

E-print Network

and their associated ranking systems: chess (ELO, Glicko (Glickman, 1995)), TrueSkillTM for video games (Graepel et al may compare his skill to the others. As for video games, we expect students to be attracted SYSTEMS Arpad Elo developed, in 1959, a rating system for chess. The ELO system characterizes every player

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

355

LGBTQA Students on Campus: Is Higher Education Making the Grade?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As D'Augelli and Grossman note "educational researchers have overlooked the development of sexual orientation among adolescents and youth." Certainly, those working in higher education have, in many cases, overlooked lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and ally (LGBTQA) students' needs and not provided sufficient resources to address their…

Rankin, Susan R.

2006-01-01

356

Grade Point Averages: How Students Navigate the System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case exemplifies the unintended divisive cause and effect dynamic that can occur as a direct result of a seemingly innocuous school board policy modification. A change in school board policy at a local school district in Laredo, Texas, was designed to facilitate the fulfillment of a foreign language requirement for high school students. A…

Uribe, Patricia E.; Garcia, Marco A.

2012-01-01

357

Sequencing and Graphic Novels with Primary-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss the burgeoning number of graphic novels being published for young readers (approximately PK-3) and suggest a new term for identifying this format and audience: primary graphic novels (PGNs), for primary level students. They go on to describe a series of lessons they conducted with a class of 1st and 2nd graders to capitalize on…

Chase, Maggie; Son, Eun Hye; Steiner, Stan

2014-01-01

358

Effective Ninth-Grade Transition Programs Can Promote Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition from middle into high school can be perilous for some students. High school freshmen fail at an alarming rate. In a general sense, the environment, expectations, structure, and culture of high schools are different from middle schools. However, school leaders can implement transition programs that may promote success of 9th graders.…

Roybal, Victoria; Thornton, Bill; Usinger, Janet

2014-01-01

359

Is it grade inflation or real change in student achievement?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The NSW Higher School Certificate is awarded at the end of secondary school. It is examination-based and also incorporates a significant school assessment component. Following a review of the Higher School Certificate in the late 1990s (McGaw 1997), the decision was taken to change from the reporting of student achievement using a norm-referenced approach to one based on explicit achievement

John Bennett

360

Effects of a health-promotion programme in sixth grade German students' physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to assess the effects of a school-based health-promotion programme in physical education (PE) on sixth grade German students' motor performance, BMI and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). In a quasi-experimental design, 516 students (54.7% girls) were assigned to either the intervention group (IG) that received eight 90-minute health-promoting PE lessons or the control group

Oliver Höner; Yolanda Demetriou

2012-01-01

361

Literacy Learning of At-Risk First-Grade Students in the Reading Recovery Early Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the effectiveness and efficiency of the Reading Recovery early intervention. At-risk 1st-grade students were randomly assigned to receive the intervention during the 1st or 2nd half of the school year. High-average and low-average students from the same classrooms provided additional comparisons. Thirty-seven teachers from across the United States used a Web-based system to register participants (n =

Robert M. Schwartz

2005-01-01

362

MEASURING THE CONFIDENCE OF 8TH GRADE TAIWANESE STUDENTS’ KNOWLEDGE OF ACIDS AND BASES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated whether gender differences were present on the confidence judgments made by 8th grade Taiwanese\\u000a students on the accuracy of their responses to acid–base test items. A total of 147 (76 male, 71 female) students provided item-specific confidence judgments during a test of their knowledge of acids and bases. Using\\u000a the correctness of the answer responses, a

Brady Michael Jack; Chia-Ju Liu; Houn-Lin Chiu; Chun-Yen Tsai

363

Causal Attributions of Underachieving Fourth-Grade Students in China, Japan, and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discrepancy between predicted and actual achievement scores was standardized within China, Japan, and the United States; 85 of 738 fourth-grade students were identified as underachievers. An equal-sized group of students achieving in the expected range was created with a matching procedure. All subjects responded to open-ended questions addressing their beliefs about the reasons for successful and unsuccessful mathematics performance. The

Paul Tuss; Jules Zimmer; Hsiuzu Ho

1995-01-01

364

[Engagement and academics results of the grade students].  

PubMed

The academic engagement is a three-feature psychological welfare (determination, knowledge absorptive capability and dedication) as an intrinsic commitment towards the studies. The main aim of this study is to know the motivational status in students and to compare this with their academic performance. For the purpose of this paper, it was carried out an observational, correlational, cross-sectional study. The target population is the students carrying out the clinical training in the University of Malaga as part of the Nursing Degree. According to the data achieved, the mean score are the followings: determination 3.46 out of 6 (ST 1.05), dedication 5.16 out of 6 (ST 0.97) and knowledge absorptive capability 3.59 out of 6 (ST 1.18). The engagement global mean score of the nursing students enrolled in this University School of Nursing is 4.1 out of 6. It is worthy to mention the levels for dedication, ranging from almost always and always, which involves a remarkable vocation towards their profession. The marks on Practicum II-III have evidenced an association with the engagement determination (p < 0.008), and knowledge absorption capability (p < 0.036). Marks on Practicum I have not evidenced any association. PMID:24245415

García Rodríguez, José Juan; Labajos Manzanares, Maria Teresa; Luque, Francisca Fernández

2013-09-01

365

Comparing the Reading Behaviors in Three Groups of First Grade Students--Students Who Discontinued from Reading Recovery, Students Who Did Not Discontinue from Reading Recovery, and Students Who Never Needed Reading Recovery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare the variety, complexity, and frequency of reading behaviors of three groups of first grade students--students who discontinued from Reading Recovery (D-RR), students who did not discontinue from Reading Recovery (ND-RR), and students who never needed Reading Recovery (A-NRR). Students were asked to read…

Greaney, Sharon

2010-01-01

366

A Strategy to Improve Grades in a Pharmacology Course for L.P.N. Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the class scheduling of a pharmacology course for L.P.N. students at the College of Lake County, in Grayslake, Illinois, and the final course grade. It was hypothesized that subjects will learn pharmacology concepts more effectively when the course content is concentrated within a…

Grippando, Gloria M.

367

By the Sweat of Your Brow: English Unit for the Ninth Grade Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide, developed as part of an exemplary program for junior high school students, is a ninth grade English unit designed to use contemporary literary materials which deal with occupational situations and attitudes of both employers and employees. The emphasis is on the relationship between on-the-job and leisure time activities. Three pages of…

Blegen, Larry; Green, Mark

368

The Impact of Discovery Learning in Writing Instruction on Fifth-Grade Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem is that 5th-grade students are not achieving sufficient writing scores on Georgia state-mandated writing assessments, which the researcher hypothesized was due to the teacher-directed instructional approach utilized at the school. The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to determine whether discovery learning, a method based on the…

Treadwell, Julie Wilson

2010-01-01

369

A Guide to the Standard Course of Study for Limited English Proficient Students, Grades K-5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is designed to help both English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) and regular classroom teachers improve instruction for limited-English-proficient (LEP) students in the elementary grades in the areas of math, science, social studies, and English language arts. This K-5 guide provides models for teachers who need to modify…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Instructional Services.

370

Examining Student Engagement and Authority: Developing Learning Relationships in the Middle Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fostering engaged learning for middle grades students is a significant challenge for teachers everywhere, and in some jurisdictions, it has even become a government priority. As one might expect, this policy has raised broader questions about what teachers' actually mean when they talk about engagement and whether or not these criteria are, in…

Dooner, Anne-Marie; Mandzuk, David; Obendoerfer, Peter; Babiuk, Gary; Cerqueira-Vassallo, Gina; Force, Verland; Vermette, Michelle; Roy, Darren

2010-01-01

371

An Investigation of Mathematics Anxiety among Sixth through Eighth Grade Students in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study is to investigate mathematics anxiety among 220 sixth through eighth grade Turkish students in terms of mathematics achievement levels, perceived enjoyment of the mathematics teaching method, perceived enjoyment of mathematics, and perceived help with mathematics from parents. The Mathematics Anxiety Scale for…

Birgin, Osman; Baloglu, Mustafa; Catlioglu, Hakan; Gurbuz, Ramazan

2010-01-01

372

The Vocational Attitude Maturity of Disadvantaged Eighth and Twelfth Grade Students in Rural Eastern Kentucky.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine aspects of the attitudinal dimension of vocational maturity among rural disadvantaged girls and boys of eastern Kentucky, samples of Grade 8 and 12 students were administered the: (1) Vocational Development Inventory-Attitude Scale, (2) Occupational Aspiration Scale, (3) California Test of Mental Maturity and the Otis-Lennon Mental…

Whitman, Robert L.

373

The Impact of Single-Gender Classrooms on Student Achievement in Seventh Grade Math Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A mathematics achievement gap exists between males and females. The measurement of achievement was compared between single-gender and traditional classroom students in the 7th grade to assess whether or not a single-gender environment affected their scores. The Measures of Academic Progress (MAP) state assessment served as the data collection…

Sutton, Antwon M.

2009-01-01

374

ENERGY, A SCIENCE UNIT FOR THE UPPER ELEMENTARY GRADES, STUDENT MANUAL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

PREPARED UNDER THE SPONSORSHIP OF THE SCIENCE CURRICULUM IMPROVEMENT STUDY, THIS TRIAL EDITION OF A STUDENT MANUAL FOR A UNIT ON ENERGY IS INTENDED FOR USE AT THE FIFTH AND SIXTH GRADE LEVELS. IT IS DESIGNED ESSENTIALLY AROUND PUPIL-CENTERED ACTIVITIES WHICH REQUIRE BOTH QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE OBSERVATIONS. THE ACTIVITIES IN PART I INVOLVE…

DAVIS, JOSEPH; AND OTHERS

375

Urban Middle-Grade Student Mathematics Achievement Growth under Comprehensive School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing the need to implement standards-based instructional materials with school-wide coherence led some Philadelphia schools to adopt whole-school reform (WSR) models during the late 1990s. The authors report on the relation between mathematics achievement growth for middle-grade students on the Pennsylvania System of School Assessments and…

Mac Iver, Martha Abele; Mac Iver, Douglas J.

2009-01-01

376

The Effects of a Classroom Management Teacher Training Primary Prevention Program on Fifth-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective Classroom Management II-Elementary (ECM), an in-service teacher training course, was evaluated. Grade 5 teachers were taught techniques in communication, classroom management, and self-esteem enhancement. The goals were to make classroom environments more responsive to students' affective and cognitive needs, thereby fostering positive…

Moskowitz, Joel M.; And Others

377

Cognitive, Academic, and Attitudinal Predictors of the Grade Point Averages of College Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined cognitive, academic, and attitudinal predictors of college grade point average (GPA) among 84 college students with learning disabilities (LD) attending a large midwestern university. Results indicated that Full Scale IQ and one factor (delay/avoidance) on the self-reported study habits scale accounted for a significant amount…

Murray, Christopher; Wren, Carol T.

2003-01-01

378

General Science, Ninth Grade: Theme I and Theme II. Student Laboratory Manual. Experimental.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ninth grade student manual was developed to be used in conjunction with some of the experimental science activities described in the teacher's guide. It contains laboratory worksheets for: (1) measurement; (2) basic energy concepts; (3) heat energy; (4) light; (5) sound; (6) electricity; and (7) present and future energy resources. Additional…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.

379

The Emergent Charter School Model for Ninth Grade Mildly Disabled United States Students: Extending to Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An ethnographic, descriptive research methodology was used to explore the service delivery of three U.S. charter schools (one independent and two dependent secondary public charter schools) in Southern New England, United States as they relate to grade nine mildly disabled special needs students. Field research was also conducted in Costa Rica and…

Vincent, Emmanuel Teah

2009-01-01

380

The Identification and Encouragement of Mathematical Creativity in First Grade Students, (Part 3).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is research involving the development and testing of a program designed to encourage individual creative mathematical activity in first grade students. Initially, some characteristics of the creative process and creative thinking were examined and six criteria describing certain aspects of mathematical creativity were identified and…

Meyer, Rochelle Wilson

381

Science Sampler: Node graph visualizations for eighth-grade mathematics students using a virus transmission simulation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Because eighth-grade curriculum standards focus in part on systems analysis and graphing, a lesson was created to enhance students' analytical skills with the introduction of a type of graph, the node graph, which can be used to represent the interconnectedness of system components. This lesson is rooted in understanding real-world concepts regarding the transmission of infectious agents throughout a population.

Santone, Adam L.; Mccutcheon, Jennifer A.

2008-07-01

382

Supporting Students' Strategic Competence: A Case of a Sixth-Grade Mathematics Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mathematics education research has documented several classroom practices that might influence student self-regulation. We know little, however, about the ways these classroom practices could be structured in real classroom settings. In this exploratory case study, we purposefully selected a sixth-grade mathematics teacher who had participated in…

Ozdemir, I. Elif Yetkin; Pape, Stephen J.

2012-01-01

383

Teachers' Perceptions of the Effectiveness of Benchmark Assessment Data to Predict Student Math Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this correlational quantitative study was to examine the extent to which teachers perceive the use of benchmark assessment data as effective; the extent to which the time spent teaching mathematics is associated with students' mathematics grades, and the extent to which the results of math benchmark assessment influence teachers'…

Lewis, Lawanna M.

2010-01-01

384

A COMPARISON OF WHITE AND NEGRO NINTH GRADE STUDENTS' READING INTERESTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AN INVESTIGATION OF THE SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES, BY RACE AND SEX, OF SPECIFIC STUDENTS ENROLLED IN TWO RECENTLY INTEGRATED HIGH SCHOOLS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES IS REPORTED. SUBJECTS WERE 264 NINTH-GRADE PUPILS--140 NEGROES AND 124 CAUCASIANS. TO MEASURE READING INTERESTS AND CHOICE OF MATERIALS, A 40-ITEM QUESTIONNAIRE WAS…

OLSON, ARTHUR V.; ROSEN, CARL L.

385

Effects of a Volunteer Tutoring Model on the Early Literacy Development of Struggling First Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effectiveness of a one-on-one reading intervention using trained tutors. Participants were 49 first-grade students at risk for reading failure. The three-step tutoring model included repeated reading of familiar text, explicit coaching in decoding and word-solving strategies, and reading new books during each 15-minute…

Pullen, Paige C.; Lane, Holly B.; Monaghan, Maureen C.

2004-01-01

386

Raising Cultural Awareness of Second Grade African American Students Using Mexican American Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An increase in the Mexican American population within the predominantly African American community and school was the basis of this qualitative study. The purpose of the study was to introduce African American second grade students to authentic Mexican and Mexican American children's literature. Interactive read-alouds of nonfiction and realistic…

Pugh, Sandra Lyniece

2009-01-01

387

Grade/Study-Performance Contracts, Enhanced Communication, Cooperative Learning, and Student Performance in Undergraduate Organic Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes and evaluates a teaching strategy, designed to increase student retention while maintaining academic performance levels in undergraduate organic chemistry, that uses grade/study-performance contracts, enhanced communication using electronic mail, and cooperative learning. Concludes that a series of interventions can substantially…

Dougherty, Ralph C.

1997-01-01

388

Examining Reliability of Reading Comprehension Ratings of Fifth Grade Students' Oral Retellings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to rate oral retellings of fifth graders to determine how passages, raters, and rating occasions affect those ratings, and to identify what combination of those elements produce reliable retelling ratings. A group of 36 fifth grade students read and orally retold three contemporary realistic fiction passages. Two…

Bernfeld, L. Elizabeth Shirley; Morrison, Timothy G.; Sudweeks, Richard R.; Wilcox, Brad

2013-01-01

389

Development of an Instrument to Assess Fourth and Fifth Grade Students' Attitudes toward Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the authors in this study was to develop an instrument to assess fourth and fifth grade students' attitudes toward physical education. The methods for validation included (a) an elicitation study and instrument question development, (b) a pilot study, and (c) a series of analyses to assess, construct, and content validity and to…

Phillips, Sharon R.; Silverman, Stephen

2012-01-01

390

Analysis of Reading Fluency and Comprehension Measures for First Grade Students. Technical Report # 25  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This technical report provides data on the extent to which progress monitoring measures explain reading achievement. The four progress monitoring measures discussed are: letter sounding, phonemic segmentation, oral reading fluency, and comprehension given in either oral or written form. These measures were administered to first grade students in…

Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

2004-01-01

391

Grades and Data Driven Decision Making: Issues of Variance and Student Patterns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addresses the question: "To what extent are teacher assigned subject specific grades useful for data driven decision making in schools?" Recently, schools have been urged to bring teachers and school leaders together around student-level data in an effort to increase dialogue, collaboration and professional communities to improve…

Bowers, Alex Jon

2007-01-01

392

Intercultural and Religious Sensitivity of Finnish Lutheran 7 th - 9th Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presented a 29-item Intercultural and Religious Sensitivity Scale Questionnaire (IRSSQ) that is based on the Bennett's (1993) Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS). Psychometric properties of the IRSS were tested with an empirical sample of 249 seventh, eighth and ninth grade students of the Finnish comp rehensive school attending Lutheran religious education. Two research questions were examined: 1)

Kristiina Holm; Petri Nokelainen; Kirsi Tirri

393

A Comparison of Students' Choices of 9th Grade Physical Education Activities by Ethnicity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to determine physical education activity preferences of 9th grade students in a southern California school district and to compare preferences by ethnicity. Results indicated that basketball, football, bowling, softball/baseball, swimming, and volleyball were the most preferred activities. These preferences may be…

Hill, Grant M.; Cleven, Brian

2006-01-01

394

Primary-Grade Students' Knowledge and Thinking about Shelter as a Cultural Universal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The traditional K-3 social studies curriculum has focused on food, clothing, shelter, communication, transportation, and other cultural universals. A study was designed to provide information with respect to the topic of shelter, and in the process, to assess claims that primary grade students do not need instruction in the topic because they…

Brophy, Jere; Alleman, Janet

395

Race Differences in Exposure to Algebra and Geometry among U.S. Eighth-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The opportunity for U.S. students to learn algebra and geometry in the eighth grade was studied by looking at exposure to instruction using teacher reports of content coverage from a subset of 296 classrooms participating in the Third International Mathematics and Science Study. Classrooms were classified according to the ethnic composition of…

Masini, Blase E.

396

Improving the Social Skills of Fourth- and Fifth-Grade Cognitively Gifted Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This applied dissertation reports on an intervention to develop the social skills of six cognitively gifted fourth and fifth grade students. The twice-weekly, after-school intervention was intended to address the asynchronous development of these children who experienced functional disability in social settings due to social dissonance, a…

Kimmel, Sharry

397

Group Art Therapy with Eighth-Grade Students Transitioning to High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effectiveness of a group art therapy intervention within a school setting to increase coping skills and decrease disruptive behaviors in a group of 6 eighth-grade students at risk for making a poor transition to high school. The mixed-method AB single-case experiment measured each individual's changes in behavior and coping…

Spier, Erin

2010-01-01

398

Relationship of Age, Marital Status, and Work Experience of Community College Nursing Students to Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To investigate differences in academic success due to age (younger or older than age 23), marital status, and nursing experience, a three-way analysis of variance was performed on the grade point averages of 1,435 female nursing students enrolled in 22 Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) programs in Illinois. The sample, representing over 90 percent of…

Frerichs, Marian L.

399

Improving Teaching in the Middle Grades: Higher Standards for Students Aren't Enough.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report recommends that states raise their standards for entering a teacher education program and for earning a teaching license. This report links student achievement with how well teachers are prepared and the ongoing training they receive. It looks at teaching in the middle grades today, examining whether teachers have the content knowledge…

Southern Regional Education Board, Atlanta, GA.

400

This application is for students who have earned grades at KU after high school.  

E-print Network

of Kansas prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, ethnicity, religion, sex, national originThis application is for students who have earned grades at KU after high school. Type or use black. Citizenship Are you a U.S. citizen? yes no If yes, skip to Race and Ethnic Background If "no," are you

401

A Story Well Told: Rich Narrative Engages California Fifth Grade Students in American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational publisher Pearson/Scott-Foresman in 2006 introduced curriculum to address California History/Social Studies standards. Fifth grade students have difficulty comprehending non-fiction text that is informative enough to have historical accuracy. The publisher promotes a program that features a standard in every lesson, and promises no…

Huson, Julie Alice

2007-01-01

402

Evaluation of a School-Based Sex Education Programme Delivered to Grade Nine Students in Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of a multidimensional Canadian sex education programme was evaluated using 240 Grade Nine students. The intervention was offered by representatives from various community groups and involved instructional classes on anatomy/physiology of the reproductive system and sexually transmitted infections, a video and group discussion on…

Smylie, Lisa; Maticka-Tyndale, Eleanor; Boyd, Dana

2008-01-01

403

An Investigation of Fifth and Eighth Grade Korean Students' Misconceptions of Photosynthesis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many researchers believe that prior knowledge is the single most important variable influencing learning. Learning in the classroom is determined or affected positively or negatively, to some degree, by the knowledge people bring to the classroom. This study was designed to: (1) assess fifth- and eighth-grade Korean students' misconceptions of…

Cho, Jung-il

404

Cooperative College Examinations: More Gain, Less Pain When Students Share Information and Grades  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examination performance of introductory psychology students (N = 576) was significantly enhanced (p < .001) in each of 4 separate comparisons of those taking tests with a partner versus traditional solo testing. In each case, mean test scores were raised significantly and grade variability was reduced. The power of cooperative team testing is shown in the robust average effect size

Philip G. Zimbardo; Lisa D. Butler; Valerie A. Wolfe

2003-01-01

405

Student and Teacher Success: The Impact of Computers in Primary Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the impact of computers on student learning as reported by teachers participating in a study of a computer-based language arts instructional program for the early elementary grades--the Apple Learning Series: Early Language (ALS-EL). Although they found the program difficult to evaluate, some teachers stated that the ALS-EL…

Drexler, Nancy Gadzuk; And Others

406

AN EXPERIMENT TO IMPROVE THE REASONING ABILITY OF SEVENTH-GRADE STUDENTS. FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A UNIT ON EFFECTIVE THINKING, WITH THE EXPERIMENTAL FOCUS ON INFLUENTIAL THINKING, WAS PREPARED AND TESTED. A TEXT, "EFFECTIVE THINKING," WAS PREPARED. AN INEXPERIENCED TEACHER USED THE TEXT IN A NINE WEEK COURSE WITH SEVENTH GRADE STUDENTS. ONLY A POST-TEST CONTROL GROUP DESIGN WAS USED. THE TWO FACTORS STUDIED WERE TREATMENT AND SEX. THE TEST OF…

HOWELL, EDGAR N.

407

A Comparison of Character Values as Perceived by Teachers and Students at Differing Grade Levels.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the belief that the number one problem facing students today is their character and value system, school officials in Georgia's Carrollton City Schools District wished to implement a character education program. They were concerned, however, whether the program would be appropriate for all grade levels, and so they developed an…

Bulach, Cletus R.; Butler, Judy D.

408

Family Influence: Key to Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among Fourth- and Fifth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess social and familial environmental influences on fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption of fourth- and fifth-graders living in a culturally diverse, urban setting. Design: In 2006, students from 9 fourth- and fifth-grade classrooms from a public school in the Washington-Baltimore Metropolitan Region were recruited as part of the…

Gross, Susan M.; Pollock, Elizabeth Davenport; Braun, Bonnie

2010-01-01

409

The Effect of Computer Programming Experiences on Student Problem Solving Behaviors in Eighth Grade Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to investigate problem-solving performance with regard to non-routine problem experiences in which the computer and flow charts were used as aids. Performance data were collected using an investigator-constructed posttest. Sixty-eight eighth grade students were partitioned into four treatment groups: G1 used neither…

Foster, Thomas Edward

410

Hot Math: Promoting Mathematical Problem Solving among Third-Grade Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes "Hot Math," a third-grade intervention conducted with small groups of students with disabilities or in inclusive classrooms that fosters mathematical problem solving. Hot Math integrates two promising practices to promote mathematical problem solving, explicit instruction about transfer and self-regulation strategies.…

Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Prentice, Karin; Burch, Mindy; Paulsen, Kim

2002-01-01

411

Fifth Grade Students' Experiences Participating in Active Gaming in Physical Education: The Persistence to Game  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although video games are often associated with sedentary behaviors, active gaming is a new genre that requires children to become physically active while playing the games. In this study six fifth grade students' experiences participating in active gaming in eight-week physical education classes were explored. Qualitative methods of interviews,…

Hansen, Lisa; Sanders, Steve

2010-01-01

412

Stop Tobacco in Restaurants: Fifth-Grade Students STIR City Hall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It all started with a night of bowling in Austin, Texas, when fifth-grade student Amit had an evening of fun with his grandparents. When Amit returned to his home in Lubbock, TX, and tried to replicate his newfound recreation, his night of bowling fun ended after 10 minutes in an asthma attack. His second attempt at Lubbock bowling also brought a…

Gifted Child Today, 2004

2004-01-01

413

HAPPENtips for students grades 46 College may seem far, far away, but  

E-print Network

MAKE COLLEGE HAPPENtips for students grades 4­6 College may seem far, far away, but the future can do with a college education. You can study the rain forest. Look for a cure for cancer. Start your to your goal: a college education. These tips are brought to you from Ohio State's Economic Access

414

Student Grade Motivation as a Determinant of Performance on the Business Major Field ETS Exam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the determinants of performance on the business major field achievement ETS exam with a focus on the impact of applying ETS exam scores to part of the capstone course grade as a performance incentive. The sample consists of 150 students at a midsized regional institution located in the Southwestern region of the United States.…

Terry, Neil; Mills, LaVelle; Sollosy, Marc

2008-01-01

415

The Effects of Differing Presentations of Mathematical Word Problems Upon the Achievement of Tenth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a study concerned with the mode of presentation of printed mathematical word problems. Tenth grade students were given twenty word problems to solve, presented in one of three ways: (1) prose only, (2) prose with an accurate picture included, or (3) prose with a distorted picture. Experimental results showed that the group with an…

Sherrill, James M.

416

School Attendance Revisited: A Study of Urban African American Students' Grade Point Averages and Coping Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban African American first-year high school students' absenteeism was found to be negatively related to grade point average (GPA) and avoidance as a means of coping (use of substances as a way to escape--food, alcohol, smoking, caffeine, etc.) and positively related to use of social support as a means of coping (efforts to stay emotionally…

Steward, Robbie J.; Steward, Astin Devine; Blair, Jonathan; Jo, Hanik; Hill, Martin F.

2008-01-01

417

Helping Students with Moderate and Severe Intellectual Disability Access Grade-Level Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching students with moderate and severe intellectual disability who are early readers or nonreaders to engage with grade-level text is challenging. For this reason, purposeful thought must be given to promoting text accessibility and teaching text comprehension. Whenever possible, text should be used as it is originally written without…

Hudson, Melissa E.; Browder, Diane; Wakeman, Shawnee

2013-01-01

418

Improving the Reading Ability of Students Who Are Young for Their Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An action research project focused on how a child's academic achievement is affected by his or her chronological age. The population consisted of kindergarten and third-grade students in a growing middle class community within a southwest suburb of Chicago, Illinois. Evidence for the existence of this problem was gathered from teacher surveys,…

Chronos, Julie; Long, Patti; Wagner, Laura; Sorensen, June

419

Accelerated Mathematics and High-Ability Students' Math Achievement in Grades Three and Four  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the use of a computer-managed integrated learning system entitled Accelerated Math (AM) as a supplement to traditional mathematics instruction on achievement as measured by TerraNova achievement tests of third and fourth grade high-ability students. Gender, socioeconomic status, and…

Stanley, Ashley M.

2011-01-01

420

Impact of Attending Jump Start Literacy Camp on Reading Achievement among Third and Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Jump Start Literacy Camp was developed as a means to combat summer learning loss. The camp utilized high-energy activities to target phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency, and comprehension. This study examined the effects of the Jump Start Literacy Camp on reading achievement for rising third and fourth grade students in an urban…

Padgett, Carrie B.

2010-01-01

421

Gender Differences in Written Expression Curriculum-Based Measurement in Third- through Eighth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many studies have found gender differences in certain areas of academic achievement, such as reading and math. Fewer studies have examined gender disparities in writing skills. The current study explored gender differences in written expression performance. Participants were 1,240 male and female students in third through eighth grade,…

Fearrington, Jamie Y.; Parker, Patricia D.; Kidder-Ashley, Pamela; Gagnon, Sandra G.; McCane-Bowling, Sara; Sorrell, Christy A.

2014-01-01

422

Enhancing On-Task Behavior in Fourth-Grade Students Using a Modified Color Wheel System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors used a withdrawal design to evaluate the effects of a modified Color Wheel System (M-CWS) on the on-task behavior of 7 students enrolled in the 4th grade. Standard CWS procedures were modified to include a 4th set of rules designed to set behavioral expectation for cooperative learning activities. Mean data showed that immediately…

Blondin, Carolyn; Skinner, Christopher; Parkhurst, John; Wood, Allison; Snyder, Jamie

2012-01-01

423

The Impact of Direct Reading Instructional Strategies on Reading Achievement in 8th Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the National Assessment of Educational Progress, about 60% of students cannot read proficiently at their current grade level. Findings from the National Reading Panel (NRP) indicate that there is not sufficient research on the topic of struggling middle school readers. The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the impact…

Rider, Lynne Marie

2010-01-01

424

The Relationships among Language Ability, Emotion Regulation and Social Competence in Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relationships exist between language ability, emotion regulation, and social competence in preschool children. This study examines how these relationships function in elementary school children, and explores whether language ability partially mediates the relationship between emotion regulation and social competence. Second-grade students (N = 67)…

Monopoli, W. John; Kingston, Sharon

2012-01-01

425

The Effect of Book Blogging on the Motivation of 3rd-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Web 2.0 technology was implemented during reading instruction in one 3rd-grade classroom in suburban southeastern Pennsylvania. Trained preservice teachers provided feedback to students via the World Wide Web to enhance their performance and social connections. Motivation scores were measured before and after the intervention was implemented. A…

Swanson, Kristen N.; Legutko, Robert S.

2008-01-01

426

Effects of Integrating Multimedia into the Third Grade Mathematics Curriculum to Improve Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project was designed to test Mayer's multimedia theory in an elementary school to improve students' mathematics learning for low-income children. The study designed and developed two multimedia mathematics experiments in 3rd grade: 9's multiplication experiment and geometric solids experiment. The two experimental lessons were implemented in…

Liu, Yuliang

2012-01-01

427

Evaluation of a school?based sex education programme delivered to Grade Nine students in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effectiveness of a multidimensional Canadian sex education programme was evaluated using 240 Grade Nine students. The intervention was offered by representatives from various community groups and involved instructional classes on anatomy\\/physiology of the reproductive system and sexually transmitted infections, a video and group discussion on healthy relationships, a form of ‘peer education’ and discussion on teen pregnancy and HIV\\/AIDS,

Lisa Smylie; Dana Boyd

2008-01-01

428

Evaluation of an Energy Conservation Program for 9th Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Energy Challenge is an environmental education program that is administered to ninth grade students in the public schools of a small Midwestern city in the United States. The program is sponsored and administered by the two local electric utilities, and it has been going on for seven years. To determine the effectiveness of the program, a…

Osbaldiston, Richard; Schmitz, Hannah

2011-01-01

429

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STUDENT ENTRY GRADES AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AT THE KWARA STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION ILORIN  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the relationship between student entry grade and their academic achievement at the Kwara State College of Education, llorin. The entry grade and academic achievement of 202 Nigeria Certificate of Education grandaunt of the 1984\\/85 session were used. The result showed that, except in education theory, language and vocational studies, there was no statically significant relation between student

J. Y. Momoh-Olle

430

Mixed-Method Research on Learning Vocabulary through Technology Reveals Vocabulary Growth in Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A mixed-method embedded research design was employed to investigate the effectiveness of the integration of technology for second-grade students' vocabulary development and learning. Two second-grade classes with a total of 40 students (21 boys and 19 girls) were randomly selected to participate in this study for the course of a semester. One…

Huang, SuHua

2015-01-01

431

Delaware Student Testing Program: State Summary Report--Science & Social Studies, Fall 2000 Administration. Grades 4 & 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains the results from the first administration of the fourth and sixth grade science and social studies portions of the Delaware Student Testing Program (DSTP). As such, they are an important part of the state's efforts to educate all students to a higher level. Science and social studies data for grades 4 and 6 are summarized…

Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover. Assessment and Accountability Branch.

432

Delaware Student Testing Program: State Summary Report--Science & Social Studies, Spring 2000 Administration. Grades 8 & 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains the results from the first administration of the 8th and 11th grade science and social studies portions of the Delaware Student Testing Program (DSTP). As such, they are an important part of the state's efforts to educate all students to a higher level. Science and social studies data for grades 8 and 11 are summarized here;…

Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover. Assessment and Accountability Branch.

433

Promoting Strategic Learning by Eighth-Grade Students Struggling in Mathematics: A Report of Three Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents three in-depth case studies focused on supporting students with learning challenges to learn math strategically. Participants were three eighth-grade students enrolled in a learning assistance classroom who were of at least average intelligence but who were performing significantly below grade level in mathematics. These case…

Butler, Deborah L.; Beckingham, Beverly; Lauscher, Helen J. Novak

2005-01-01

434

The Effect of Conceptual Change Approach to Eliminate 9th Grade High School Students' Misconceptions about Air Pressure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of teaching based on conceptual change overcome misconceptions of 9th grade high school students about the subject of air pressure. The sampling of the study was formed with two classes of 9th grade students from a general high school in the city-center of Trabzon. A quasi-experimental…

Akbas, Yavuz; Gencturk, Ebru

2011-01-01

435

Student Differences in Self-Regulated Learning: Relating Grade, Sex, and Giftedness to Self-Efficacy and Strategy Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty-five boys and 45 girls in grades 5, 8, and 11 from schools for academically gifted students and 90 students in the same grades from regular schools described their uses of 14 self-regulated learning strategies and estimated their verbal and mathematical efficacy. Results support a triadic view of self-regulated learning. (SLD)

Zimmerman, Barry J.; Martinez-Pons, Manuel

1990-01-01

436

The Relationship between Students' Reading Performance on Diagnostic Assessments and the Third Grade Reading Achievement Test in Ohio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this correlational study was twofold: to examine the relationship of students' reading performance on six different diagnostic reading assessments and the third grade Ohio Reading Achievement Test; and to assist educators in choosing the diagnostic assessments that best identify students at risk of failing the third grade Ohio…

Hollinger, Jamie L.

2009-01-01

437

A Study of the Effects of the Accelerated Reader Program on Fifth Grade Students' Reading Achievement Growth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare the reading achievement growth of fifth grade students following a year of participation in the Accelerated Reader program with the reading achievement growth of fifth grade students who did not participate in the Accelerated Reader program. The Terra Nova standardized achievement test was used as the…

Melton, Cindy M.; Smothers, Bobbie C.; Anderson, Eugene; Fulton, Ray; Replogle, William H.; Thomas, Lisa

2004-01-01

438

Trail Blazers: Fourth-Grade Students Create Digital Field Guides for Visitors to the School's Nature Trail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a fourth-grade science teacher, the author wanted a project that was (a) yearlong in scope, (b) got her students outside more, and (c) laid the groundwork for a learning progression. In this article, she describes a project in which her fourth-grade students created digital field guides for visitors to their school's nature trail. In the…

Connors, Lisa Marie

2011-01-01

439

Effects of Self-Monitoring on the Narrative and Expository Writing of Four Fourth-Grade Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the effects of self-monitoring on the quantity and quality of creative writing of fourth-grade students with learning disabilities. The participants, four fourth-grade students with identified learning disabilities, self-monitored both the quantity and quality of their writing. Results show a statistically significant increase…

Goddard, Yvonne L.; Sendi, Carole

2008-01-01

440

Project Math-Co. Career Based Math Text Book Produced Entirely by Eighth Grade Students at Wiscasset Middle School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This career-based mathematics text book was written for eighth grade students by eighth grade students at Wiscasset Middle School, Wiscasset, Maine. The text has an innovative format and features interviews with various townspeople of Wiscasset concerning their occupations; from the interviews, information is presented about training needed,…

Wiscasset Middle School, ME.

441

Predicting College Grades and Degree Completion Using High School Grades and SAT Scores: The Role of Student Ethnicity and First Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The degree to which SAT scores and high school grade-point average (GPA) predicted first-year college GPA (FGPA) and college graduation was examined for four groups: Hispanic students whose first language was Spanish and Hispanic, Black, and White students whose first language was English. The percentage of variance in FGPA jointly explained by…

Zwick, Rebecca; Sklar, Jeffrey C.

2005-01-01

442

An Examination of the Correlation between Ninth Grade Mathematics Grades and Student Performance on the Mathematics Portion of the California High School Exit Examination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relationship between ninth graders' math course grades (passing or failing) and future performance on the California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE). Although correlative data is not predictive, it is able to give a sense of which students one can expect to be successful and which students are more likely to benefit…

Steffan, Andrea Lynn

2010-01-01

443

An Analysis of Current Grade Point Averages of Employed Full-Time Students at Wilkes Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to ascertain the effects of employment on the academic performance of community college students. The grade point averages of 830 full-time students at Wilkes Community College (North Wilkesboro, N.C.) were analyzed to determine: (1) if working students' GPA's differed significantly from those of the total student

Deal, Willard M., Jr.; And Others

444

The Effects of Differentiated Instruction on Motivation and Engagement in Fifth-Grade Gifted Math and Music Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this action research project report was to increase student motivation and engagement. There seemed to be an increasing disconnect between student potential and performance, especially among gifted math and beginning music students. Two teacher researchers carried out this research with 25 fifth-grade students at two different sites…

Martin, Merissa R.; Pickett, Matt T.

2013-01-01

445

The Impact of Classroom Performance System-Based Instruction with Peer Instruction upon Student Achievement and Motivation in Eighth Grade Math Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The researcher employed two designs to address the research question for this particular study. This quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group study compared the math achievement of 92 eighth grade students who received Classroom Performance System (CPS)-based instruction using Peer Instruction (PI) to 76 eighth grade students who received…

Allison, Tracy Michelle Hunter

2012-01-01

446

Preventing Student Disengagement and Keeping Students on the Graduation Path in Urban Middle-Grades Schools: Early Identification and Effective Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the practical, conceptual, and empirical foundations of an early identification and intervention system for middle-grades schools to combat student disengagement and increase graduation rates in our nation's cities. Many students in urban schools become disengaged at the start of the middle grades, which greatly reduces the…

Balfanz, Robert; Herzog, Liza; Iver, Douglas J. Mac

2007-01-01

447

Grade/Performance Contracts, Enhanced Communication, Cooperative Learning and Student Performance in Undergraduate Organic Chemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes a grade/study-performance contract that was designed to increase student retention while maintaining academic performance levels in undergraduate organic chemistry. The experimental course included enhanced communication using electronic mail, and cooperative learning in addition to grade/study-performance contracts. The objective of the grade/study-performance contract was the development of learning skills with creation of a basis for unobtrusive auditing of performance. The retention rate in the experimental course was 0.82 for the first term and 0.93 for the second term. The overall retention was 0.76. This value was 3.8 times the average retention for the same sequence in the previous five years at the same institution. It was seven standard deviations away from the previous mean. The ACS Organic Chemistry Examination percentile score for the control section was 46+25 (n=117). The corresponding data for the experimental section was 53+23 (n=143). When the course was offered with the same instructor, cooperative learning, e-mail, but no grade/study-performance contract the ACS Exam percentile average 37+29. This represents a drop of 9.9 standard deviations for comparison of the means. We conclude that grade/study-performance contracts can be effective in increasing both student performance and retention in undergraduate organic chemistry.

Dougherty, Ralph C.

1997-06-01

448

Silent cerebral infarction, income, and grade retention among students with sickle cell anemia.  

PubMed

Children with sickle cell anemia have a higher-than-expected prevalence of poor educational attainment. We test two key hypotheses about educational attainment among students with sickle cell anemia, as measured by grade retention and use of special education services: (1) lower household per capita income is associated with lower educational attainment; (2) the presence of a silent cerebral infarct is associated with lower educational attainment. We conducted a multicenter, cross-sectional study of cases from 22 U.S. sites included in the Silent Infarct Transfusion Trial. During screening, parents completed a questionnaire that included sociodemographic information and details of their child's academic status. Of 835 students, 670 were evaluable; 536 had data on all covariates and were used for analysis. The students' mean age was 9.4 years (range: 5-15) with 52.2% male; 17.5% of students were retained one grade level and 18.3% received special education services. A multiple variable logistic regression model identified that lower household per capita income (odds ratio [OR] of quartile 1 = 6.36, OR of quartile 2 = 4.7, OR of quartile 3 = 3.87; P = 0.001 for linear trend), age (OR = 1.3; P < 0.001), and male gender (OR, 2.2; P = 0.001) were associated with grade retention; silent cerebral infarct (P = 0.31) and painful episodes (P = 0.60) were not. Among students with sickle cell anemia, household per capita income is associated with grade retention, whereas the presence of a silent cerebral infarct is not. Future educational interventions will need to address both the medical and socioeconomic issues that affect students with sickle cell anemia. Am. J. Hematol. 89:E188-E192, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25042018

King, Allison A; Rodeghier, Mark J; Panepinto, Julie Ann; Strouse, John J; Casella, James F; Quinn, Charles T; Dowling, Michael M; Sarnaik, Sharada A; Thompson, Alexis A; Woods, Gerald M; Minniti, Caterina P; Redding-Lallinger, Rupa C; Kirby-Allen, Melanie; Kirkham, Fenella J; McKinstry, Robert; Noetzel, Michael J; White, Desiree A; Kwiatkowski, Janet K; Howard, Thomas H; Kalinyak, Karen A; Inusa, Baba; Rhodes, Melissa M; Heiny, Mark E; Fuh, Ben; Fixler, Jason M; Gordon, Mae O; DeBaun, Michael R

2014-10-01

449

"Beyond the walls": A research study of eighth-grade students mentored in a hospital setting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research study was designed to evaluate twelve eighth-grade students participating in the fourth year of a mentoring program to determine what effect the mentoring experience would have on the students' sense of a scientific community, their understanding of scientific knowledge and process skills and attitudes toward science. The mentoring program was developed through a partnership established between the researcher, an eighth-grade science teacher at a junior high school, and an administrator of a local hospital, to provide educational opportunities for students mentored by medical professionals. The research design included qualitative and quantitative methods of analysis. The qualitative instruments were student journals and interviews. The quantitative instruments included the science subtest of the Stanford Nine Achievement Test, a Student Attitude Toward Science Survey (STATS), and a Hospital Questionnaire. The findings indicate that mentoring developed the students' understanding of a scientific community, revealed a wide range of attitudes and had a positive effect on the students' scientific knowledge and process skills. Finally, this research study has shown the benefits of mentoring as a model for teaching science in a community setting beyond the walls of the school.

Grattan, Aileen

450

The Effect of Co-Teaching on Student Achievement in Ninth Grade Physical Science Classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Co-teaching is a method that is increasing within schools across the US as educators strive to leave no child behind. It is a costly method, having two paid instructors in one classroom, with an average of 24 students shared between them. If it significantly increases the achievement of all students, it is well worth the costs involved. However, few studies have analyzed the effectiveness of this method on student achievement. This research follows the academic accomplishments of students in a ninth grade physical science course. Nine sections of the course "Force and Motion" were taught with a single teacher, and two additional sections were co-taught, one led by a science-certified and special educator, and another co-taught by two science certified teachers. Subgroup achievement performance was analyzed to determine whether significant differences exist between students with or without IEPs, as well as other factors such as free and reduced lunch status or gender. The results show significance with the presence of a co-teacher, while there is minimal effect size of co-teaching in this study for students with IEPs. The benefactors in these ninth grade co-taught classes were the students without IEPs, an unintended result of co-teaching.

LaFever, Karen M.

451

Urban minority ninth-grade students' health-related fitness knowledge.  

PubMed

The purpose of the study was to examine Hispanic and other minority ninth-grade students' health-related fitness (HRF) knowledge, using FitSmart, a standardized test for high school students. The test consisted of 50 weighted multiple choice items, measuring six subcontent components. Means and standard deviations of the overall scores and the subcontent scores were computed. The findings suggested that students demonstrated mastery of one subcontent component but failed to meet passing values for all other subcontents and overall HRF knowledge. Female students outscored their male counterparts, but there was no difference for ethnicity. More efforts are needed to ensure that Hispanic and other minority high school students master fundamental HRF knowledge. PMID:20025116

Keating, Xiaofen Deng; Chen, Li; Guan, Jianmin; Harrison, Louis; Dauenhauer, Brian

2009-12-01

452

Effects of multisensory resources on the achievement and science attitudes of seventh-grade suburban students taught science concepts on and above grade level  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research was designed to determine the relationships among students' achievement scores on grade-level science content, on science content that was three years above-grade level, on attitudes toward instructional approaches, and learning-styles perceptual preferences when instructional approaches were multisensory versus traditional. The dependent variables for this investigation were scores on achievement posttests and scores on the attitude survey. The independent

Patrice Helen Roberts

1999-01-01

453

Predicting English Word Reading Skills for Spanish-Speaking Students in First Grade  

PubMed Central

This article describes the word reading skills in English and Spanish for a sample of 244 Spanish-speaking, English-learning (hence, bilingual) students in first grade and presents a predictive model for English word reading skills. The children in the study were assessed at the end of kindergarten and first grade, respectively. Data were gathered with 3 subtests of the Woodcock Language Proficiency Battery and a researcher-developed phonological awareness task. Results showed that, on average, children's English word reading skills were similar to monolingual norms whereas their Spanish word reading skills averaged 1 SD below the mean. English vocabulary, English phonological awareness, and Spanish word reading skills in kindergarten were found to be significant predictors of English word reading skills in first grade. Educational implications for screening language and reading skills and promising areas for targeted instruction for this population are discussed. PMID:20396623

Paez, Mariela; Rinaldi, Claudia

2010-01-01

454

Preschool Matters: Predicting Reading Difficulties for Spanish-Speaking Bilingual Students in First Grade  

PubMed Central

This article reports on a longitudinal analysis of factors that predict the word reading skills in English and Spanish for a sample of 234 Spanish-speaking students in first grade. The children were assessed at the end of preschool, kindergarten, and first grade. Data include three subtests of the Woodcock Language Proficiency Battery and a researcher-developed phonological awareness task. Results showed that, on average, children's English word reading skills were similar to those of monolingual norms, while their Spanish word readings skills were, on average, one standard deviation below the mean. English vocabulary, English recalling skills, Spanish vocabulary, and Spanish word reading skills in preschool were found to be significant predictors of English word reading skills in first grade. Educational implications for assessment and instruction for this population during the early childhood years are discussed. PMID:21720567

Rinaldi, Claudia; Paez, Mariela

2010-01-01

455

Role of resilient personality on lower achieving first grade students' current and future achievement  

PubMed Central

This study investigated a measurement model of personality resilience and the contribution of personality resilience to lower achieving first grade students' academic achievement. Participants were 445 ethnically diverse children who at entrance to first grade scored below their school district median on a test of literacy. Participants were administered an individual achievement test in first grade and 1 year later. Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed a second-order latent construct of resilient personality defined by teacher-rated conscientiousness, agreeableness, and ego-resiliency that was distinct from measures of externalizing behaviors and IQ. Using latent structural equation modeling and controlling for baseline economic adversity, IQ, and externalizing symptoms, resilient personality predicted children's concurrent and future achievement (controlling also for baseline achievement in the prospective analyses). Model fit was invariant across gender. PMID:18084626

Kwok, Oi-man; Hughes, Jan N.; Luo, Wen

2007-01-01

456

Effects of multisensory resources on the achievement and science attitudes of seventh-grade suburban students taught science concepts on and above grade level  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research was designed to determine the relationships among students' achievement scores on grade-level science content, on science content that was three years above-grade level, on attitudes toward instructional approaches, and learning-styles perceptual preferences when instructional approaches were multisensory versus traditional. The dependent variables for this investigation were scores on achievement posttests and scores on the attitude survey. The independent variables were the instructional strategy and students' perceptual preferences. The sample consisted of 74 educationally oriented seventh-grade students. The Learning Styles Inventory (LSI) (Dunn, Dunn, & Price, 1990) was administered to determine perceptual preferences. The control group was taught seventh-grade and tenth-grade science units using a traditional approach and the experimental group was instructed on the same units using multisensory instructional resources. The Semantic Differential Scale (SDS) (Pizzo, 1981) was administered to reveal attitudinal differences. The traditional unit included oral reading from the textbook, completing outlines, labeling diagrams, and correcting the outlines and diagrams as a class. The multisensory unit included five instructional stations established in different sections of the classroom to allow students to learn by: (a) manipulating Flip Chutes, (b) using Electroboards, (c) assembling Task Cards, (d) playing a kinesthetic Floor Game, and (e) reading an individual Programmed Learning Sequence. Audio tapes and scripts were provided at each location. Students circulated in groups of four from station to station. The data subjected to statistical analyses supported the use of a multisensory, rather than a traditional approach, for teaching science content that is above-grade level. T-tests revealed a positive and significant impact on achievement scores (p < 0.0007). No significance was detected on grade-level achievement nor on the perceptual-preference effect. Furthermore, the students indicated significantly more positive attitudes when instructed with a multisensory approach on either grade-level or above-grade level science content (p < 0.0001). The findings supported using a multisensory approach when teaching science concepts that are new to and difficult for students (Martini, 1986).

Roberts, Patrice Helen

457

Enhancing On-Task Behavior in Fourth-Grade Students Using a Modified Color Wheel System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors used a withdrawal design to evaluate the effects of a modified Color Wheel System (M-CWS) on the on-task behavior of 7 students enrolled in the 4th grade. Standard CWS procedures were modified to include a 4th set of rules designed to set behavioral expectation for cooperative learning activities. Mean data showed that immediately after the M-CWS was applied,

Carolyn Blondin; Christopher Skinner; John Parkhurst; Allison Wood; Jamie Snyder

2012-01-01

458

Predictors of reading skills for kindergartners and first grade students in Spanish: a longitudinal study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated predictors of word reading and reading comprehension skills using longitudinal data from Spanish-speaking\\u000a kindergartners (N = 163) and first grade students (N = 305) from high SES families in Chile. Individual differences in letter-naming fluency and phonemic segmentation fluency,\\u000a but not vocabulary, were positive predictors of word reading, over time, for kindergartners. Furthermore, kindergartners with\\u000a higher letter-naming fluency and phonemic segmentation

Young-Suk Kim; Daniel Pallante

459

Latin America: Curriculum Materials for the Middle Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-contained activities that will help social studies or Spanish foreign language students in grades 6-8 learn about the history and culture of Latin America are provided. Following an introductory unit, the activities, ranging from easy to complex, are organized by the following countries and areas: Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean,…

Gibbs, Virginia G., Ed.

460

Students' Conceptions about "Radiation": Results from an Explorative Interview Study of 9th Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One basis of good teaching is to know about your students' preconceptions. Studies about typical ideas that students bring to the science classroom have been and continue to be a major field in science education research. This study aims to explore associations and ideas that students have regarding "radiation", a term widely used in various…

Neumann, Susanne; Hopf, Martin

2012-01-01

461

The Effects of Implementation of the Multiple Intelligences Theory on Grade-7 Students' Attitudes toward and Perceptions of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of implementation of student-centered activities based on multiple intelligences (MI) theory on grade-7 students' attitudes toward and perceptions of science. While the experimental group consisting of 25 students was taught a unit on the atom and atomic properties using strategies based on…

Kaya, Osman Nafiz; Ebenezer, Jazlin

2003-01-01

462

What Is That Thing Called Climate Change? an Investigation into the Understanding of Climate Change by Seventh-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings from research on students' general environmental concerns, experiences, beliefs, attitudes, worldviews, values, and actions relating to climate change. Data was gathered from a sample of 646 seventh-grade students. The findings indicate that students identify climate change as a consequence of modern life. They…

Özdem, Yasemin; Dal, Burçkin; Öztürk, Nilay; Sönmez, Duygu; Alper, Umut

2014-01-01

463

Addressing the Effects of Reciprocal Teaching on the Receptive and Expressive Vocabulary of 1st-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the effects of Adapted Reciprocal Teaching (ART) on the receptive and expressive flight-word vocabulary of 1st-grade students. During ART, classroom interactions produced narrative contexts within which students assumed responsibility for applying new flight words in personally meaningful ways. Students in the control group…

Mandel, Eliana; Osana, Helena P.; Venkatesh, Vivek

2013-01-01

464

Effectiveness of Interactive Multimedia Environment on Language Acquisition Skills of 6th Grade Students in the United Arab Emirates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effect of interactive multimedia (IMM) program on students' acquisition of some English as a second language (ESL) skills. An interactive multimedia CD-ROM was used with ninety 6th grade ESL students in Al-Ain Model School 2, United Arab Emirates. Students were selected and divided into experimental and control groups…

Almekhlafi, Abdurrahman Ghaleb

2006-01-01

465

Evaluating the Efficacy of Using Predifferentiated and Enriched Mathematics Curricula for Grade 3 Students: A Multisite Cluster-Randomized Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the potential of differentiated curricula to enhance learning, limited research exists that documents their impact on Grade 3 students of all ability levels. To determine if there was a difference in achievement between students involved in 16 weeks of predifferentiated, enriched mathematics curricula and students using their…

McCoach, D. Betsy; Gubbins, E. Jean; Foreman, Jennifer; Rubenstein, Lisa DaVia; Rambo-Hernandez, Karen E.

2014-01-01

466

The Correlation between Academic Achievements, Self-Esteem and Motivation of Female Seventh Grade Students: A Mixed Methods Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the early grades, female students generally display enthusiasm for learning science. As these same students go though school, however, their level of motivation changes. Once female students reach high school, many lack the confidence to take chemistry and physics. Then, in college they lack the background necessary to major in chemistry,…

Henman, Karen

2010-01-01

467

An Interaction of Learning and Teaching Styles Influencing Mathematic Achievements of Ninth-Grade Students: A Multilevel Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to explore students' learning styles and teachers' teaching styles and study the effects and interaction effects of learning styles and teaching styles on mathematics achievements. The subjects were 3,382 ninth-grade students and 110 mathematic teachers. The main results revealed that most students were…

Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Reungtragul, Auyporn

2014-01-01

468

The correlation between academic achievements, self-esteem and motivation of female seventh grade students: A mixed methods approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the early grades, female students generally display enthusiasm for learning science. As these same students go though school, however, their level of motivation changes. Once female students reach high school, many lack the confidence to take chemistry and physics. Then, in college they lack the background necessary to major in chemistry, physics, and engineering. This study used quantitative data

Karen Henman

2010-01-01

469

Environmental Attitudes of the 6th Grade Students from Rural and Urban Areas: A Case Study for Ankara  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated environmental attitude of 6th grade students living in rural and urban areas in Ankara. Hundred and thirty-eight students were selected from four schools located in these areas. A 45-item questionnaire consisting of four dimensions was used to measure students' environmental attitude. Results of the study revealed that,…

Tuncer, Gaye; Sungur, Semra; Tekkaya, Ceren; Ertepinar, Hamide

2004-01-01

470

The effects of the Natural Approach on English oral communication skills in third-grade learning-disabled students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to determine the instructional effects of the Natural Approach on the English oral communication skills of third-grade learning disabled students. Subjects included 20 learning disabled students in a self-contained class who received the Natural Approach (NAT) as an experimental group. The control group consisted of 20 learning disabled mainstreamed students who received the English through Audiolingual Approach

Maria Alejandra Reyes-Bonilla

1991-01-01

471

A Qualitative Analysis of the Bullying Prevention and Intervention Recommendations of Students in Grades 5 to 8  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focus groups explored the bullying prevention suggestions of 62 Grade 5 to 8 students. Discussions were transcribed and analyzed thematically. Students advocated a comprehensive approach including uniforms, increased supervision, playground activities, group restructuring to prevent social isolation, influential presenters, prevention skills training, solution-focused posters, and meaningful consequences. In addition, students suggested that parents should improve relationships with their children, respond

Charles E. Cunningham; Lesley J. Cunningham; Jenna Ratcliffe; Tracy Vaillancourt

2010-01-01

472

The Effect of Demonstrator Gender on Wind Instrument Preferences of Kindergarten, Third-Grade, and Fifth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined possible influences of demonstrator gender on children's instrument choices. Participants (N = 104) included boys (n = 53) and girls ( n = 51) in fifth grade (n = 27), third grade (n = 41), and kindergarten (n = 36) in six intact music classes from a single elementary school. Pretest and posttest consisted of circling (Grades 3…

Killian, Janice N.; Satrom, Shauna L.

2011-01-01

473

Contract Grading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a contract grading system, the instructor defines the performance required for each grade, the student defines the performance level to which he or she will work, and signs a contract in which the instructor is committed to awarding this predetermined grade if the student attains the appropriate performance level. This paper is based on a…

Taylor, Hugh

474

Field experience in science for fifth grade students---a mixed methods study of learning environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this research is to compare students' perceptions of the learning environment in a traditional science classroom and a field study classroom. This mixed methods study used a sequential explanatory design. Phase one was the quantitative phase using two survey tools. A modified version of the "What is happening in this Classroom Survey" (WIHIC) (Fraser et al., 1996) and the "Test of Science Related Attitudes" (TOSRA) (Fraser, 1982) was administered to 60 fifth grade students from one school. Data was then disaggregated by socioeconomic class and ethnicity. Results from Phase one showed that students prefer the classroom for investigation and prefer the field environment for enjoyment of science. Differences in ethnicity and class were small but Hispanic students prefer the field for investigation and equity. Students that are low socio-economic class rank cooperation in the field higher than the classroom and students that do not qualify for free or reduced lunch prefer the field environment for enjoyment of science. Finally, there are strong correlations for the variables of cooperation, investigation, equity and enjoyment of science in both the classroom and the field environment. Questions raised from the analysis of the survey data were further explored through qualitative data collection methods in phase two. Student responses to three questions were coded using template analysis to provide answers to the "how and why" field experience effects students' attitudes toward science. Three themes emerged from the coding of the results. These results showed that students are physically engaged, develop a sense of place and learn skills in the field that reinforce concepts learned in the classroom. This information will help teachers in developing quality and meaningful experiences for all students. "Closing the gaps among minority groups while improving achievement of all students constitutes the dual goals of education in the nation" (Lee et al., 2004, p. 827) and the incorporation of field experience for science education can meet this goal.

Patterson, Barbara E.

475

The Nature of Grading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses grading in elementary and secondary schools, focusing on the following topics: combining and weighting data, grading criteria, absolute grade standards, relative grade standards, contracting for grades, mastery and continuous progress grading, grading for effort or improvement, report cards, and procedures for grading students. (SR)

Ornstein, Allan C.

1989-01-01

476

Medical and pharmacy students' perceptions of the grading and assessment practices  

PubMed Central

Many students at the University of Namibia have frequently complained about ineffective assessment practices used at the institution. On many occasions, these complaints have not been substantiated with evidence of any kind. The purpose of this study was to obtain some empirical evidence that would ascertain undergraduate students' perceptions of the University of Namibia's grading and assessment practices. Using a structured scaled questionnaire, data were obtained from a representative sample of the University's undergraduate students studying for Medical and Pharmacy degrees. The questionnaire items covered matters related to students' experiences of assessment practices, feedback on assessment tasks, reliability and validity of assessment tools used by lecturers, efficacy of processes of administering examinations, perceptions of irregular and unfair assessment practices, impact of assessment regimes on students' cost of studies, motivation, morale, rate of progression in studies and graduation, the degree of compliance with assessment ethics and on academic quality assurance. According to the data reported in this article, the majority of the respondents perceived that the Schools of Medicine and Pharmacy at the University of Namibia applied assessment practices that yielded reliable and valid results. This was the case because most lecturers in the two schools used appropriate assessment tools and provided their students with prompt and informative feedback on the results of assignments, tests and examinations. In addition, most respondents reported that whereas examination procedures used in the two schools were efficient and effective, lecturers graded examination scripts fairly. These and other results are discussed in the article to communicate the message that the assessment procedures used in the Schools of Medicine and Pharmacy at the University of Namibia would promote effective learning and understanding amongst students as they were of high quality. PMID:23847582

Kasanda, C. D.; Mitonga, K. H.; Veii, K.; Zimba, R. F.

2013-01-01

477

The Effects of a Reader's Theater Instructional Intervention on Second Grade Students' Reading Fluency and Comprehension Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An estimated 75% of students who are poor readers in third grade continue to be lower achieving readers in ninth grade. The National Reading Panel has identified fluency as a prominent cause of reading comprehension problems which ultimately affect overall reading development. The purpose of this study was to test the theoretical framework of…

Johnson, Diane D.

2011-01-01

478

The Effect of Experiences with Animals on the Reading Comprehension Skills of Students in the Seventh Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Problem: The study examined the difference that animal interactions had on the reading comprehension growth skills of students in the seventh grade. Method: A quasiexperimental study was conducted with two seventh-grade classes at William Howard Taft Middle School. One class received daily 20-minute animal interaction experiences for 5 days.…

Petersen, Annie

2008-01-01

479

Effects of Grading Leniency and Low Workload on Students' Evaluations of Teaching: Popular Myth, Bias, Validity, or Innocent Bystanders?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses two studies that debunk the popular myths that student evaluations of teaching (SETs) are substantially biased by low workload and grading leniency. Results imply teaching effects were related to SETs. Contrary to predictions workload, expected grades, and their relations to SETs were stable over 12 years. (Author/MKA)

Marsh, Herbert W.; Roche, Lawrence A.

2000-01-01

480

The Impact of Letter Grades on Student Effort, Course Selection, and Major Choice: A Regression-Discontinuity Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors apply a regression-discontinuity design to identify the causal impact of letter grades on student effort within a course, subsequent credit hours taken, and the probability of majoring in economics. Their methodology addresses key issues in identifying the causal impact of letter grades: correlation with unobservable factors, such as…

Main, Joyce B.; Ost, Ben

2014-01-01

481

Alberta Grade 12 Examination Study. A study commissioned by the Minister's Advisory Committee on Student Achievement (MACOSA). Condensed Version.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1973, compulsory province-wide grade 12 examinations, administered in Alberta since 1906, were dropped; teachers were given the responsibility of assigning final grades. Mandated by the Legislative Assembly of Alberta in 1976, this study by the Minister's Advisory Committee on Student Achievement (MACOSA) surveyed education professionals,…

Dumont, Fred J.

482

Going beyond the Fab Five: Helping Students Cope with the Unique Linguistic Challenges of Expository Reading in Intermediate Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As students transition from primary to intermediate grades, the kind of materials that they are expected to read and write become more heavily dominated by expository texts. Expository texts contain grammatical patterns that are distinct from those used in primary-grade storybooks. These linguistic features pose new comprehension challenges for…

Fang, Zhihui

2008-01-01

483

Virginia Standards of Learning (Grades 6 through 12) That Are Covered When Students Attend Live Performances of Shakespeare's Plays.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines Standards of Learning for grades 6-12 students in Virginia that are covered when they attend live performances of William Shakespeare's plays. The paper details separate standards for each grade in English, subdivided into standards which fulfill requirements in Oral Language, Reading/Literature, Writing, and Research, along…

Brookshire, Cathy A.

484

A Study of 3rd and 5th Grade Students' Oral Language during the Writing Process in Elementary Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using ethnographic techniques to observe seven fifth grade and seven third grade students, a study examined the function of children's oral language during creative writing sessions in typical classroom situations. Findings indicated that oral language plays an important role in the writing process; specifically, that it (1) accompanies writing as…

Kasten, Wendy C.; Clarke, Barbara K.

485

Computer-Assisted Instruction in an Urban School Setting: Fifth-Grade Teachers’ Perceptions and Students' Attitudes Toward Science  

E-print Network

in Texas. A mixed-methods approach was utilized in an attempt to understand two teachers’ perceptions about its use in fifth-grade science and evaluate its impact on fifth-grade students’ attitudes toward science. The first inquiry employed a qualitative...

Howell, Leanne

2012-02-14

486

The Relationship between Developmental Tonal Aptitude and Singing Achievement among Kindergarten, First-, Second-, and Third-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between singing achievement and developmental tonal aptitude for students in kindergarten through third grade. In addition, we investigated whether singing achievement differs according to grade level or school setting. Subjects (N = 162) were randomly selected kindergarten, first-,…

Hornbach, Christina M.; Taggart, Cynthia C.

2005-01-01

487

Demonstrating Climate Change and the Water Cycle to Fifth Grade Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientists in academia often want to share their knowledge of and enthusiasm for science with K-12 students, but feel wary of the time commitment and logistical details involved with volunteer work. As a PhD student at UC Berkeley, I participated in the Community in the Classroom program, organized by the non-profit Community Resources for Science. CRS acts as the liaison between local schools and scientists in the community, taking care of all the administrative details regarding the classroom visits. Volunteers are asked to prepare a fun, hands-on presentation for a specific grade level, which is linked to elementary science standards. I chose to visit several fifth grade classrooms and talk about the connection between climate change and the water cycle in California. My presentation included a demonstration of the greenhouse effect, an experiment to see where the water on the outside of a cold glass comes from, and an investigation into the role of temperature in the phase changes of water, using plastic containers, icepacks and mitten warmers. The students were encouraged to make predictions about the impact of climate change on the water cycle based on their recent observations. I will share my demonstrations, discuss feedback from the students and teachers and offer suggestions to those interested in volunteer teaching.

Murphy, J. G.

2005-12-01

488

Effects of Engineering Design-Based Science on Elementary School Science Students' Engineering Identity Development across Gender and Grade  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The integration of engineering concepts and practices into elementary science education has become an emerging concern for science educators and practitioners, alike. Moreover, how children, specifically preadolescents (grades 1-5), engage in engineering design-based learning activities may help science educators and researchers learn more about children's earliest identification with engineering. The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which engineering identity differed among preadolescents across gender and grade, when exposing students to engineering design-based science learning activities. Five hundred fifty preadolescent participants completed the Engineering Identity Development Scale (EIDS), a recently developed measure with validity evidence that characterizes children's conceptions of engineering and potential career aspirations. Data analyses of variance among four factors (i.e., gender, grade, and group) indicated that elementary school students who engaged in the engineering design-based science learning activities demonstrated greater improvements on the EIDS subscales compared to those in the comparison group. Specifically, students in the lower grade levels showed substantial increases, while students in the higher grade levels showed decreases. Girls, regardless of grade level and participation in the engineering learning activities, showed higher scores in the academic subscale compared to boys. These findings suggest that the integration of engineering practices in the science classroom as early as grade one shows potential in fostering and sustaining student interest, participation, and self-concept in engineering and science.

Capobianco, Brenda M.; Yu, Ji H.; French, Brian F.

2014-07-01

489

The impact of classroom organization in grade 4 on student achievement in science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While qualitative studies of teacher perceptions of classroom organization have been performed, quantitative studies linked to standards-based assessments are noticeably absent. Two questions guided the research: What is the impact of classroom layout in grade 4 on student achievement in science? How does space use change in a classroom when the furniture is reorganized? The study was conducted in five classrooms in two rural, elementary schools. In two classrooms, teachers placed a large science materials table in the center of the room to make science activities a focal point for students. Two classrooms, that were used as controls, continued to operate using their established organization. The organization of the fifth classroom had included a large table in the center of the room for a number of years. This room was also used as a control. Data were collected in three ways. Quantitative data were collected from the New York State Grade-4 Science Program Evaluation Test. Qualitative data were collected using the Classroom Spatial Utilization and Migration Form and by creating a classroom map. The data were presented in quantitative, narrative, and graphic forms. Data from the New York State Grade-4 Science Program Evaluation Test were analyzed using a matrix published by the New York State Education Department and by using SPSS software. Classroom spatial utilization and migration patterns were visually evaluated. The guiding hypothesis that placing a large table in the center of the room would result in improved student performance was not totally supported by the data. Student density was correlated to student achievement. Specifically, classroom space per student was positively correlated to the inquiry science skills of classifying, manipulating materials, measuring, recording data, using non-standard measurement, and making predictions. Classroom arrangement was not as important as open space per student. This research is important because classrooms that were designed for teacher-centered instruction may not be adequate for hands-on, inquiry science learning. A study of the way in which students engage in science activities relative to classroom organization could influence the instructional pedagogy of teachers. Recommendations regarding educational policy and classroom practice are presented.

Duncanson, Edward Francis

490

The Influences of Course Effort, Mastery and Performance Goals, Grade Expectancies, and Earned Course Grades on Student Ratings of Course Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The positive relation between course grades and student ratings of course satisfaction is well established but controversy continues concerning the magnitude, interpretation, and implications of this association. Aims: This study examined the within course relations of a set of variables often implicated as potential contributors to…

Svanum, Soren; Aigner, Carrie

2011-01-01

491

Making the Grade and Staying Engaged: The Influence of Student Management Teams on Student Classroom Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of student management teams (SMTs) is a relatively new teaching technique designed to increase the quality of college courses and student performance and engagement within those courses. However, to date, little systematic, empirical research has validated the effectiveness of using SMTs. To test the effectiveness of this technique, the…

Troisi, Jordan D.

2014-01-01

492

The effect of a role model project upon the attitudes of ninth-grade science students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article will describe an in-school intervention project that used female role models to change the attitudes of 964 Iowa girls and boys in 57 ninth-grade science classes toward science, math, and technical curricula and careers. The differences between the students' mean pretest and posttest scores on each of six factors found to be associated with students' attitudes toward science and math and technical careers were analyzed to determine which of five experimental groups responded most positively to the intervention. Higher difference scores indicated that the attitudes of girls and boys who participated in the intervention improved more than the attitudes of girls and boys in the control groups, suggesting that the use of female role models in the science classroom is an effective way to change students' attitudes toward science, math, and related careers.

Evans, Mary Ann; Whigham, Myrna; Wang, Morgan C.

493

Effects of Selected Exercises on Elementary School Third Grade Girl Students’ Motor Development  

PubMed Central

Purpose The aim of this study was to examine the influence of selected exercises on motor development in elementary school third grade girl students in Ahwaz City, Iran. Methods The present study was semi–experimental, performed as field and using experimental and control groups. The statistical population included all third grade girl students of elementary schools of Ahvaz city (10,500 subjects). Forty of whom were randomly selected (cluster stage) and then were divided randomly into two experimental (N=20, Mean age=8.9±0.49) and control (N=20, Mean age=8.9±0.48) groups. Experimental group was given training for eight weeks, 3 sessions per week and each session lasting 45 minutes. To measure motor development, the Test of Gross Motor Development, edition2 (TGMD-2; 2002) was applied. Statistical analysis was performed using independent t-test and paired t-test. Results The results showed statistically significant differences between control and experimental groups regarding locomotion skills (8.433, P<0.05), manipulation skills (10.951, P<0.001) and overall motor development (13.203, P<0.001). In fact, selected exercises impacted on the motor development of subjects and led to their motor development progress. Conclusions The selected exercises can be used as an appropriate plan to improve motor skill development in third grade of elementary school. PMID:22375218

Bakhtiari, Sabah; Shafinia, Parvaneh; Ziaee, Vahid

2011-01-01

494

Achievement Gap Patterns of Grade 8 American Indian and Alaska Native Students in Reading and Math. Issues & Answers. REL 2009-No. 073  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on student proficiency in reading and math from 2003-04 to 2006-07, this report compares gaps in performance on state achievement tests between grade 8 American Indian and Alaska Native students and all other grade 8 students in 26 states serving large populations of American Indian and Alaska Native students. In response to a request by…

Nelson, Steven; Greenough, Richard; Sage, Nicole

2009-01-01

495

The Impact of Hidden Grades on Student Decision-Making and Academic Performance: An Examination of a Policy Change at MIT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges and universities work hard to create environments that encourage student learning, and they develop grading policies, in part, to motivate their students to perform well. Grades provide two kinds of information about a student's abilities and learned knowledge: "internal" information that informs the students themselves about the…

Harris, Gregory A.

2011-01-01

496

The Impact of Hidden Grades on Student Decision-Making and Academic Performance: An Examination of a Policy Change at MIT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges and universities work hard to create environments that encourage student learning, and they develop grading policies, in part, to motivate their students to perform well. Grades provide two kinds of information about a student's abilities and learned knowledge: "internal" information that informs the students themselves about the…

Harris, Gregory A.

2010-01-01

497

31 CFR 6.8 - Contents of application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Contents of application. 6.8 Section 6...Information Required From Applicants § 6.8 Contents of application. (a) An...section 15(a) of the Agricultural Marketing Act (12 U.S.C....

2010-07-01

498

Common Core Literacy Lesson Plans: Ready-to-Use Resources, 6-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools nationwide are transitioning to the Common Core--our advice to you: Don't go it alone! Our new book, "Common Core Literacy Lesson Plans: Ready-to-Use Resources, 6-8," shows you that teaching the Common Core State Standards in the middle grades doesn't have to be intimidating! This easy-to-use guide meets the particular needs of middle…

Davis, Lauren

2013-01-01

499

A study of student attitudes toward physics and classroom environment based on gender and grade level among senior secondary education students in Indonesia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main purposes of the present study are to investigate the differences on student's attitudes toward physics and their perceptions regarding classroom climate during physics classes based on gender and grade level. In addition, the study also explores female students' opinions about physics, and examines to what extent this factor might influence their decision to choose or not to choose physics or physics-related fields for their career choices in the future. A group of approximately 864 male and female students, equally proportioned by gender, were assigned to take part in this study. Two standardized instruments, namely the Individualized Classroom Environment Questionnaire (ICEQ) and the Test of Science Related Attitudes (TOSRA), have been employed to collect data. A combination of quantitative and qualitative methods was used to analyze the collected data resulting from the questionnaires as well as from the interviews. The study found, first, regardless of their gender and grade level differences, students expected a more positive classroom climate during learning physics. Also, it has been found that male students experience a more positive classroom environment than female students. Second, the study found that male students do show more positive attitudes toward physics than their female counterparts. Meanwhile, twelfth-grade students show a more positive attitude toward physics than eleventh-graders. Third, the study found that most female students do not like physics based on several reasons such as physics is a hard, monotonous and boring subject. Although eleventh-grade female students do not like physics, most of them intended to choose science as their major in the next grade. Surprisingly, a majority of twelfth-grade female students who are majoring in science have no intention to choose physics or physics-related subjects either for their prospective major at the university or for their career choices in the future.

Chaerul, Andrie

500

Master's thesis supervision: relations between perceptions of the supervisor–student relationship, final grade, perceived supervisor contribution to learning and student satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Master's thesis supervision is a complex task given the two-fold goal of the thesis (learning and assessment). An important aspect of supervision is the supervisor–student relationship. This quantitative study (N?=?401) investigates how perceptions of the supervisor–student relationship are related to three dependent variables: final grade, perceived supervisor contribution to learning, and student satisfaction. The supervisor–student relationship was conceptualised by means

Renske A. M. de Kleijn; M. Tim Mainhard; Paulien C. Meijer; Albert Pilot; Mieke Brekelmans

2011-01-01