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1

Elementary School Student Burnout Scale for Grades 6-8: A Study of Validity and Reliability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to develop an "Elementary School Student Burnout Scale for Grades 6-8". The study group included 691 students out of 10 schools in Eskisehir. Both Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis were conducted on the data (Burnout stem from school activities, burnout stem from family, feeling of…

Aypay, Ayse

2011-01-01

2

Statistics and probability. Grades 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This MathPARTNERS unit contains seven lessons with hands-on learning activities for exploring statistics and probability with students in grades 6-8. The lessons, designed for mentoring situations, may also be helpful for teachers and parents. Each lesson with reproducible student materials, features an overview of the mathematics, preparation guidelines, teaching tips, and suggestions for how to use each activity to develop specific mathematics concepts. Statistics activities focus on posing questions, data gathering, identifying bias, understanding measures of central tendency, representing data with graphs, and interpreting data. Probability activities introduce fairness in games and the computation of probability. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Education Development Center

2003-01-01

3

Base blocks : algebra (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With this virtual manipulative, the student can explore the meaning of place value and grouping. Work can be done in bases from two to ten, and the number of decimal places displayed can be adjusted. Problems come in two types. Sort and group problems challenge the student to place units, longs, flats, and cubes into the appropriate place value columns on the work space. The other problem type asks the student to represent a number using the four varieties of blocks. When the blocks are grouped correctly to represent a number, the number is displayed. The student may clear the workspace to start over on a problem or click a button for a new challenge. Instructions for using the manipulative, information about bases and place value, and a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) grades 6-8 standard for algebra are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

4

Space blocks : algebra (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative offers the student an opportunity to develop spatial sense and the ability to model ideas using mathematics. In seven activities, the student models shapes with cubes and observes patterns related to surface area of a solid. Activities involve forming largest and smallest solids using eight blocks and determining which of three networks of squares decorated with colors and shapes can be folded to form a given cube. This manipulative provides two user controls. The student may clear the workspace to start over on an activity or use a zoom slide to adjust the size of the cubes. Instructions for using the manipulative and a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) grades 6-8 standard for algebra are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

5

Scatterplot (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative enables students to construct scatterplots to visualize the relationship between two variables. Students click on a point on a grid to enter data. The manipulative displays a red regression line that approximates the set of indicated points. A yellow dot indicates the mean value for the data. The number of points, the average x and y values, the correlation coefficient, and the equation for the regression line appear on the screen. Instructions for using the manipulative, a suggested activity, a lesson plan, and a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standard for data analysis and probability are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

6

Histogram (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative enables the student to construct histograms to summarize data. A histogram divides the range of values in a data set into intervals. Each interval is shown as a rectangle whose area represents the percentage of data values in the interval. Students enter data into a table and the manipulative displays histogram and notes minimum and maximum data values, median and average, number in the data set, and standard deviation. The interval width is adjustable and displayed. Features enable the user to order the data values and display a histogram of data. Instructions for using the manipulative and a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standard for data analysis and probability are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

7

Statistics and probability. Grades 6-8 assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This assessment material is designed to help the mentor determine what a grade 6-8 student understands about statistics and probability. The material contains a set of seven short assessment activities that require the use of paper and pens. Also found is an inventory for use by the student's classroom teacher and a mentor planning guide. Answers to assessment questions are correlated to specific activities available in the related instructional unit. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Education Development Center

2003-01-01

8

The Road We’re On (Grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this module released by General Motors Education students (grades 6-8) learn about the science of electricity and its application to the auto industry. Included are three lesson plans (2-3 class periods each), worksheets, teacher’s guide, and an interactive online digital magazine. Lesson plans include the following topics: (1) energy sources (renewable and non-renewable), energy technology, and measuring carbon footprints, (2) battery chemistry, technology, and automotive applications, (3) innovation, the impact of innovations such as electric cars, and creating innovations.

2013-03-21

9

Portable Sundial. Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this activity, students investigate the accuracy of sundials and the discrepancy that lies between "real time" and "clock time". The position of the sun is tracked over the course of a relatively short period of time as students make a shadow plot, a horizontal sundial, and a diptych sundial. This activity requires 90-minutes over several weeks…

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

10

Box model (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative enables the student to randomly generate data that is displayed on a chart. The chart shows the results of a simulated drawing with replacement from a set of numbers selected by the student. The manipulative can be used to simulate flipping a coin or tossing a die. A pause button stops the simulation. A button for showing theoretical probability places an outline on the theoretical probabilities chart, which allows the student to compare the theoretical and experimental probabilities. Instructions for how to use the manipulative, suggestions for classroom use, and a link to the NCTM standard for data analysis and probability are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

11

Geoboard : circular (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative enables the student to form and measure angles and triangles on an online circular geoboard. The unusual virtual geoboard offers students the opportunity to think about angles in a non-rectangular setting. This applet features five activities with discussion questions. Activities challenge students to form and use the pegs to determine the degrees of central angles and angles found in triangles. Instructions for using the applet, an outline for a lesson encouraging the use of mathematical terms, and a link to the NCTM standard for geometry are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

12

Congruence of triangles (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative enables the student to arrange sides and angles to construct and demonstrate the necessary and sufficient conditions for proving triangles congruent. The student drags line segments and angles to form triangles and can flip formed triangles as needed to show congruence. The student can select from options for constructing triangles given three sides (SSS), two sides and the included angle (SAS), and two angles and an included side (ASA). The applet also allows the student to experiment with the ambiguous case to find two triangles that are not congruent, given two sides and a non-included angle (SSA). Instructions for using the applet and a link to the NCTM standard for geometry are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

13

Number line bounce (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online number line game for summing numbers challenges the student to find a sequence of operations with four numbers that results in a given target number. The numbers are illustrated as bouncing balls on a number line. Each bounce can be in either a positive or negative direction. The student can use a guess-and-check approach to solving the problem or a more sophisticated strategy. After finding a correct sequence and reaching the target number on the number line, the student forms the number sentence that illustrates the sequence of operations used to arrive at the target number. Instructions for using the manipulative, a description of this summing activity, and a link to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standard for number and operations are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

14

How high? : measurement (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With this virtual manipulative, the student investigates conservation of volume with a virtual simulation of pouring a liquid from one container to a container of the same shape, but of a different size. There are four cylinder shapes to choose from: rectangular prism, cylinder, cone, and pyramid. The left container is partially filled with liquid and the base dimensions of the two cylinders are given. The student uses a slider to estimate how high the liquid will rise when poured into the second container. After clicking a button that initiates pouring, the student can compare the estimate with the results. Multiple problems are available. Instructions for using the applet and a link to the NCTM standard for measurement are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

15

How high? : geometry (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With this virtual manipulative, the student investigates conservation of volume with a virtual simulation of pouring a liquid from one container to a container of the same shape, but of a different size. There are four cylinder shapes to choose from: rectangular prism, cylinder, cone, and pyramid. The left container is partially filled with liquid and the base dimensions of the two cylinders are given. The student uses a slider to estimate how high the liquid will rise when poured into the second container. After clicking the button that initiates pouring, the student can compare the estimate with the results. Multiple problems are available, as are instructions for using the applet and a link to the NCTM standard for geometry. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

16

Box plot (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative enables students to construct box plots to summarize data. Students enter data into a table, and the manipulative displays the minimum and maximum data values, the lower and upper quartiles, and the median. The number in the data set, the average, and the standard deviation are also shown. In addition, the manipulative allows users to order the data. Instructions for using the manipulative, suggestions for classroom use, and a link to the standard for data analysis and probability, established by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM), are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

17

Platonic solids, duals (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using this virtual manipulative, the student can examine the dual relationship among the five platonic solids, each a polyhedron with identical regular polygonal faces. Every platonic solid has a unique platonic solid that fits inside it, with its vertices at the midpoints of the original solid. The student can manipulate, color, and change the size of each solid. A transparent mode is available for viewing the outline of each polyhedron and its dual. Instructions for using the applet and information about platonic solids are included. There is also a link to the NCTM standard for geometry. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

18

Platonic solids (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using this virtual manipulative, the student can examine the five platonic solids, each a polyhedron with identical regular polygonal faces. The ancient Greeks discovered that there were five and only five such solids. The student can manipulate and change the size of each solid. A transparent mode is available for viewing the outline of each polyhedron. It is also possible to investigate the vertices, edges, and faces and apply Euler's formula. Instructions for using the applet, background information about the platonic solids, and a lesson plan are included. There is also a link to the NCTM standard for geometry. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

19

Pythagorean theorem (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative enables the student to move around squares and triangles to demonstrate the validity of the Pythagorean theorem. The student drags and rotates squares and triangles to show that the square upon the hypotenuse of a right triangle is equal to the sum of the squares upon its sides. The proof by dissection uses the fact that the triangles are all congruent. Instructions for using the applet and some background information about proving the Pythagorean theorem are included. There is also a link to the NCTM standard for geometry. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

20

Wimpy Radar Antenna! Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this activity, students reinforce an antenna tower made from foam insulation so that it can withstand a 480 N-cm bending moment (torque) and a 280 N-cm twisting moment (torque) with minimal deflection. One class period is used to discuss the problem, run the initial bending and torsion tests, and graph the results. The second class is used for…

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

21

Slicing solids (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using this virtual manipulative, the student can see the effect of intersecting a plane with a platonic solid, each a polyhedron with identical regular polygonal faces. The manipulative's screen contains two viewing windows: the left window showing where the intersection occurred and the right showing the cross section of the solid resulting from the intersection. By turning off the Show Entire Solid command, only the portion of the shape above or below the cut is visible in the left screen. Instructions for using the applet and useful class questions about intersections and faces are included. There is also a link to the NCTM standard for geometry. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

22

MRC: Mission Measurements Grade 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about how to answer a scientific or engineering question. Learners will refine the scientific question they generated in Lesson 5 so that it can be answered by data and/or modeling, brainstorm possible solutions for the scientific question chosen, determine reasonableness of solutions, use concept maps to enhance meaningful learning. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, two Vocabulary Cards, and a concept map supplement. This is lesson 6 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

2014-03-03

23

Factor tree (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual manipulative challenges the learner to find the prime factors for a pair of numbers. The factors for each number are displayed in a tree diagram from which the student drags the factors to the appropriate areas of a Venn diagram. The Venn diagram offers a useful visual display showing unique factors and common factors for the original pair of numbers. Using the display, the learner must find the pair's least common multiple (LCM) and greatest common factor (GCF). Buttons allow users to check their answers and select new problems. Instructions for using the manipulative are included, along with information about factoring. The site also links to the NCTM standard for number and operations. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

24

The People of South Asia [Grades 6-8].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A resource book for grades 6-8 contains materials to enrich a unit on South Asia. Material is divided into 13 sections. Sections 1-4 outline the rationale, goals, and objectives of the unit. Emphasis is placed on providing background for the understanding of South Asian cultural groups in the United States. Ten objectives are listed, including the…

Adams, George; And Others

25

National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics : all topics (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site contains descriptions and links to more than 60 virtual manipulatives, activities designed to function as concept tutorials. The virtual manipulatives, mostly in the form of Java applets, are designed to facilitate grades 6-8 mathematics learning. By encouraging active student exploration with computers, the virtual manipulatives can help students visualize mathematical relationships. They are organized into five categories based on the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Standards: number and operations; algebra; geometry; measurement; and data analysis and probability. For this 6-8 grade range, manipulatives focus on developing concepts with activities such as factoring numbers using a tree diagram, exploring functions with an interactive function machine, and working with the Platonic solids. Student activities and lesson plans accompany many of the virtual manipulatives, each of which is linked to an explanation of the relevant NCTM Standards. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

26

Introduction to Communication, Grades 6-8 [with CD-ROM]. The Math Process Standards, Grades 6-8 Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' (NCTM's) Process Standards support teaching that helps students develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every middle grades math teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. The series offers friendly,…

O'Connell, Susan; Croskey, Suzanne G.

2008-01-01

27

Social Studies: Standards, End of Grade Cluster Benchmarks, Performance Indicators. Grades 6-8. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Delaware state content standards booklet for teaching grades 6-8 social studies in Delaware public schools begins with a one page chart outlining information for the disciplines of civics, economics, geography, and U.S. history. The booklet addresses standards for civics, lists end of cluster expectations for the end of grade eight, and cites…

Delaware State Dept. of Public Instruction, Dover.

28

Development and Validation of an Instrument to Measure Student Knowledge Gains for Chemical and Physical Change for Grades 6-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers tend to instruct topically, which requires the student to use multiple and interconnected concepts to succeed in each instructional unit. Therefore, it is beneficial to combine research on related concepts to form topic driven instruments to better assist teachers in assessing and instructing students. Chemical and physical change as a…

Christian, Brittany N.; Yezierski, Ellen J.

2012-01-01

29

The Squeeze is On. Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When asked to list some strong materials, people think of steel, concrete, and wood. In this activity, students learn about the force of compression and how it acts on structural components through a hands-on group problem. Using everyday products such as paper, toothpicks, and tape, students construct a structure that will support the weight of a…

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

30

MRC: Overview of the Solar System Grades 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about size and scale of the solar system. Learners will review the structure, content and size of the Solar System. This lesson is designed using the 5E instructional model and includes: teacher training, unit pacing guides, essential questions, a black-line master science notebook, a student presentation booklet, supplemental materials, and vocabulary for both students and teachers. This is lesson 1 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

31

Climate Change: Connections and Solutions, Grades 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This two-week interdisciplinary curriculum unit encourages students to think critically about climate change and to collaborate to devise solutions. Students learn about climate change within a systems framework, examining interconnections among environmental, social, and economic issues. Lessons are aligned with national science and social studies standards but may be used in other classes as well. The first week of this 2-week unit lays the foundation for understanding some of the forces behind climate change. Students learn basic scientific phenomena related to climate change, beginning with the carbon cycle and the greenhouse effect and concluding with an analysis of different fuel types. The second week widens and deepens students’ comprehension of climate change with an exploration of its connections to various social, economic, and environmental factors. By the end of the unit, students will understand and be able to communicate complex and interconnected issues related to climate change. The curriculum can be downloaded for free and is also available in print for a cost.

2009-01-01

32

Build an Earthquake City! Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this activity, students build a city out of sugar cubes, bouillon cubes, and gelatin cubes. The city is then put through simulated earthquakes to see which cube structures withstand the shaking the best. This activity requires a 50-minute time period for completion. (Author/SOE)

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

33

Design Your Own Rube Goldberg Machine. Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rube Goldberg is famous for his very complex machines that accomplish everyday tasks. In this activity, students design and build a Rube Goldberg machine that will accomplish a simple task in no less than 10 steps. This activity requires a 120-360 minute time period for completion. (Author/SOE)

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

34

MRC: Research Tools and Skills Grade 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about how to learn about Mars. Learners will explore the features of Mars through a demonstration of Google Earth Mars, gather, and analyze data from multiple sources on the internet as well as print sources, develop and use strategies for reading informational text to systematically find information, understand that Earth and Mars have similar geological features. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, two Vocabulary Cards, and a reading strategy supplement. This is lesson 3 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

35

MRC: Selecting Teams Rover Mission Grade 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about scientific and enginering investigation. Learners will review what they have learned, construct a valid scientific question that can be answered by data and/or modeling, and choose an appropriate mission for their rover that will answer their scientific question. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes : TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, four Vocabulary Cards, and supplements on Writing a Scientific Question and Mission Choices. This is lesson 5 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

2014-03-03

36

MRC: Manual and Skit Grade 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about mission presentation. Learners will brainstorm ideas to be developed into a team skit, work cooperatively to assign duties and write a team skit, collaborate with team members to complete the Mars Rover Manual. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, three Vocabulary Cards, the Manual Template, and a presentation writing Mini-Lesson. This is lesson 13 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

37

MRC: Spacecraft Structure and Design Grade 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about spacecraft structure and design. Learners will investigate probes and rovers to learn how they are built, learn about the propulsion, navigation, controls and daily handling of spacecraft, gather, and analyze data from multiple sources on the internet, understand how rovers communicate with Earth. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, two Vocabulary Cards, a Vocabulary Toolbox and four workstation handouts. This is lesson 9 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

38

MRC: Brainstorm and Preliminary Design Grade 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson plan about the engineering design process. Learners will identify, become familiar with and use the Engineering Design Process, use the Engineering Design Process to sketch a reasonable drawing of the rover that will be built, use the steps of the Engineering Design Process to build a Mars Rover prototype, develop a concept map to communicate requirements and features of the rover. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, three Vocabulary Cards, and a concept map Mini-Lesson. This is lesson 11 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

39

Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class, Grades 6-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This new addition to Math Solutions "Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class series" offers a wealth of lessons and strategies for modifying grades 6-8 instruction. Section I presents an overview of teaching math to English learners: the research, the challenges, the linguistic demands of a math lesson, and specific strategies and…

Melanese, Kathy; Chung, Luz; Forbes, Cheryl

2011-01-01

40

Earthwatch: Designing Environmental Education into the Curriculum. Volume II, Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The environmental education activities package for grades 6-8 contains activities in the following curriculum areas: (1) social science; (2) science; (3) language arts; and (4) mathematics. The activities are divided into seven sections based on seven environmental topics: (1) ecosystems; (2) population; (3) energy and resources; (4) economics,…

Schaefer, Larry, Ed.; Hungerford, Nancy, Ed.

41

Environmental Resource Guide: Air Quality. A Series of Classroom Activities for Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many different types of air quality can be studied in middle school science classes using available supplies. This grade 6-8 activity guide was developed to provide opportunities for children to learn about the issue of air quality. Sixteen hands-on activities integrate the issue into middle school science classes. A chart categorizes the…

Reed, Elizabeth W., Ed.

42

Journey to the Stars Educator's Guide: Activities for Grades 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an educators guide to accompany the Journey to the Stars planetarium show. The materials for grades 6-8 include suggestions for activities to do before and after viewing the planetarium show, including class discussions about our Solar System, online activities to calculate planetary distances and explore magnetism, and a demonstration to show a scale model of the Earth-Sun distance.

43

Education for Self-Responsibility III: Prevention of HIV/AIDS and Other Communicable Diseases. Curriculum Guide. Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide encourages students to learn behaviors that will reduce the potential for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection when confronted with choices at a later age. The curriculum is designed for integration within a comprehensive program of school health education (in grades 6-8, lessons on communicable disease, including…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

44

Grading and Student Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the Spring of 1968, a joint study group called an Ad Hoc Committee on Grades and Evaluation was created to examine current methods of student evaluation. Several members of the group believed that letter grading on the undergraduate and graduate levels was counterproductive, because grades do not accurately reflect either student performance or…

Sparks, David S.

45

Teaching the Common Core Math Standards with Hands-On Activities, Grades 6-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The new Common Core State Standards for Mathematics have been formulated to provide students with instruction that will help them acquire a thorough knowledge of math at their grade level, which will in turn enable them to move on to higher mathematics with competence and confidence. "Hands-on Activities for Teaching the Common Core Math…

Muschla, Judith A.; Muschla, Gary Robert; Muschla, Erin

2012-01-01

46

Study of the Reliability of CCSS-Aligned Math Measures (2012 Research Version): Grades 6-8. Technical Report #1312  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this technical report, we describe the results of a study of mathematics items written to align with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in grades 6-8. In each grade, CCSS items were organized into forms, and the reliability of these forms was evaluated along with an experimental form including items aligned with the National Council of…

Anderson, Daniel; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

47

Math and Reading Differences between 6-8 and K-8 Grade Span Configurations: A Multiyear, Statewide Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We analyzed the effect of grade span configurations (i.e., 6-8 versus K-8) on reading and math performance in Texas public schools for the last 5 school years. Participants in this study were 628 Texas schools (i.e., 314 middle schools and 314 K-8 schools) distributed across the 5 school years examined. Schools configured as K-8 schools were…

Clark, David M.; Slate, John R.; Combs, Julie P.; Moore, George W.

2013-01-01

48

An Introduction to Loads Acting on Structures. Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this activity, students conduct several simple lab activities to learn about the five fundamental load types that can act on structures: tension, compression, shear, bending, and torsion. In Part One, students play the role of molecules in a beam subject to various loading schemes. In Part Two, students break foam insulation blocks by applying…

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

49

Assessing the Effectiveness of a Mathematics-Focused, Instructional Technology Program for Grades 6-8: A 5-Year Trend Analysis of NASA CONNECT(tm) Evaluation Data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA CONNECT is a research-, inquiry, and standards-based, integrated mathematics, science, and technology series of 30-minute instructional distance learning (television and web-based) programs for students in grades 6 8. Respondents who evaluated the programs in the series over the first five seasons (1998-99 through 2002-03) reported that (1) they used the programs in the series; (2) the goals and objectives for the series were met; (3) the programs were aligned with the national mathematics, science, and technology standards; (4) the program content was developmentally appropriate for the grade level; and (5) the programs in the series enhanced and enriched the teaching of mathematics, science, and technology.

Glassman, Nanci A.; Perry, Jeannine B.; Giersch, Christopher E.; Lambert, Matthew A.; Pinelli, Thomas E.

2004-01-01

50

Environmental Education, Values for the Future: Environmental Decisions. Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet on environmental decisions is one of a series in environmental education for grades K-12. The activities contained in this booklet are designed to identify components of complex decision making and to develop the idea of responsibility for decisions. Six basic concepts are listed, along with the behavioral objectives, subject areas,…

Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield.

51

RTI with Differentiated Instruction, Grades 6-8: A Classroom Teacher's Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collecting, processing, and using assessment data to form instruction for each student can be overwhelming--especially with so much diversity in the classroom. Help is here, with this hands-on guide that brings together the two leading approaches to teaching students of varying abilities: Response to Instruction and Intervention (RTI) and…

O'Meara, Jodi

2011-01-01

52

Developing Essential Understanding of Ratios, Proportions, and Proportional Reasoning for Teaching Mathematics: Grades 6-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do you refute the erroneous claim that all ratios are fractions? This book goes beyond a simple introduction to ratios, proportions, and proportional reasoning. It will help broaden and deepen your mathematical understanding of one of the most challenging topics for students--and teachers--to grasp. It will help you engage your students,…

Lobato, Joanne; Ellis, Amy; Zbiek, Rose Mary

2010-01-01

53

Do as the Romans: Construct an Aqueduct! Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this activity, students work with specified materials to create aqueduct components to transport two liters of water across a short distance in the classroom. The goal is to build an aqueduct that will supply Aqueductis, a Roman city, with clean water for private homes, public baths, and glorious fountains. By introducing various ideas and…

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

54

Student Expectations of Grade Inflation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students completed evaluation-of-teaching surveys in five different courses to develop an evaluation instrument that would provide results concerning faculty performance. Two questions examined students' expectations regarding grades. Results indicated a significant degree of expected grade inflation. Large proportions of students doing…

Landrum, R. Eric

1999-01-01

55

MRC: Introduction to Mars and the Mars Rover Celebration Project Grade 6-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson plan about the surface and geology of Mars. Learners will record detailed observations of a simulated surface and core sample of Mars, analyze a simulated surface and core sample of Mars, compare and contrast an unknown foreign object with the surface and interior of Mars, and learn preliminary facts about Mars, its surface, and its place in the solar system. The lesson uses the 5E instructional model and includes: TEKS Details (Texas Standards alignment), Essential Question, Science Notebook, Vocabulary Definitions for Students, Vocabulary Definitions for Teachers, three Vocabulary Cards, and a Mini-Lesson. This is lesson 2 as part of the Mars Rover Celebration Unit, a six week long curriculum.

56

How Second-Grade Students Internalize Rules during Teacher-Student Transactions: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Vygotsky's theory of the internalization of signs provided the basis for this study. Aims: This study tried to analyse the processes by which second-grade students internalize school rules. Sample: Ethnographic data were collected on 102 lessons in a second-grade class (6-8 years) during 1 year. This study focused on three lessons…

Meard, Jacques; Bertone, Stefano; Flavier, Eric

2008-01-01

57

easyCBM CCSS Math Item Scaling and Test Form Revision (2012-2013): Grades 6-8. Technical Report #1313  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this technical report is to document the piloting and scaling of new easyCBM mathematics test items aligned with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and to describe the process used to revise and supplement the 2012 research version easyCBM CCSS math tests in Grades 6-8. For all operational 2012 research version test forms (10…

Anderson, Daniel; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

58

Middle School Students' Statistical Literacy: Role of Grade Level and Gender  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the role of gender and grade level on middle school students' statistical literacy. The study was conducted in the spring semester of the 2012-2013 academic year with 598 middle-school students (grades 6-8) from three public schools in Turkey. The data were collected using the Statistical Literacy Test, developed based on…

Yolcu, Ayse

2014-01-01

59

Delaware Student Testing Program: Report of Student Questionnaire Survey, 2002 DSTP Administration for Grades 3, 5, 8, 10, and 11 in Reading, Writing, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the administration of the 2002 Delaware Student Testing Program (DSTP), a questionnaire was given to students in grades 3, 5, 8, and 10 about Opportunity to Learn, Reading, Writing, and Mathematics, and to all students in grades 4, 6, 8, and 11 about Opportunity to Learn, Science, and Social Studies. Students responses to the questions were…

Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover. Assessment and Accountability Branch.

60

Extending Student Learning Opportunities in a 6-8 Middle School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2004, South Charlotte Middle School (SCMS), Charlotte, North Carolina, was named "A School to Watch" by the National Forum to Accelerate Middle Grades Reform. One of the program components cited as highly successful by the visiting committee representing the Forum was the provision of an enrichment period called the ninth block. Ninth block was…

Waggoner, Christine; Cline, Lisa

2006-01-01

61

USDA Ag in the Classroom-www.agclassroom.org Striking a Balance-Grades 6-8: T-1  

E-print Network

grasshoppers (plant eaters or herbivores), some students play frogs (grasshopper eaters or carnivores), and some students play hawks (frog eaters or carnivores). The object of the game is for each animal to eat

Mathis, Wayne N.

62

Sea Turtle Trek, Hammocks Beach State Park: An Environmental Education Learning Experience Designed for Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Hammocks Beach State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets the curriculum objectives of the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are…

Bland, Samuel S.

63

Sea Turtle Trek. Hammocks Beach State Park: An Environmental Education Learning Experience Designed for Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Hammocks Beach State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets curriculum objectives of the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are included:…

Bland, Samuel S.

64

Carolina Baywatch. Singletary Lake State Park: An Environmental Education Learning Experience Designed for Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Singletary Lake State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets curriculum objectives of the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are included:…

Sessoms, James D.

65

Physical Development and Health, Grades 3, 6, 8, 10, 12. State Goals for Learning and Sample Learning Objectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document sets forth the state goals for learning in the area of physical development and health for elementary and secondary students in Illinois. The final objective of this schooling is to provide students with the knowledge and attitudes to achieve healthful living throughout their lives and to acquire physical fitness, coordination, and…

Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield.

66

Criterion Validity Evidence for the easyCBM© CCSS Math Measures: Grades 6-8. Technical Report #1402  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The easyCBM© CCSS Math tests were developed to help inform teachers' instructional decisions by providing relevant information on students' mathematical skills, relative to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS). This technical report describes a study to explore the validity of the easyCBM© CCSS Math tests by evaluating the relation…

Anderson, Daniel; Rowley, Brock; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

67

The Power of Probability: Poster/Teaching Guide for Grades 6-8. Expect the Unexpected with Math[R  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Power of Probability" is a new math program aligned with the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) and Common Core State Standards, which gives students opportunities to practice their skills and knowledge of the mathematics of probability. Developed by The Actuarial Foundation, the program's lessons and worksheets motivate…

Actuarial Foundation, 2013

2013-01-01

68

USDA Ag in the Classroom-www.agclassroom.org Beyond the Beef-Grades 6-8: T-1  

E-print Network

and meat products. Students will see that animal agriculture is an important part of their everyday lives. understand the importance of animal agriculture in their everyday lives Materials 1. Background Information products such as chewing gum. People depend on cattle for ingredients in many food products. "What do beef

Mathis, Wayne N.

69

First light from student Pascal Keller, Eschenbach/Switzerland on 6-8 June 2014  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pascal Keller, a student during his exams for general qualification for university entrance, recently set up a Long Wavelength Array (LWA) antenna and a Callisto system to observe solar radio burst activity in his back yard (figure 1) in Eschenbach, Switzerland. The antenna, spectrometer and software were provided on loan by Institute for Astronomy, ETH Zurich. On the first observation day he observed his 1st light, a type II solar radio burst and some type III bursts. His aim is now to compare this LWA observation with others from the e-Callisto network, which is composed of different antenna types and different antenna sizes as well different locations worldwide. His first four observations on 6 and 8 June 2014 are presented in figures 2 to 5 and associated tables 1 to 4.

Monstein, Christian

2014-05-01

70

The entomologist as a science partner and curriculum advisor: The Earth School model for grades 6--8  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Earth School model for creation of partnerships between university scientists and public schools began with a traditional research project involving the study of macroinvertebrate recolonization of agriculturally based restored wetlands. From fieldwork designed to address hypotheses of community composition over time, protocols and equipment evolved for application in middle-school classrooms. In addition to classroom teachers guiding their students in replicating active scientific research, the inclusion of a science partner was key to the success of this model. To ensure that the classroom teachers were themselves comfortable as researchers, monthly staff development workshops were conducted as a component of the Earth School model. The use of entomology as a unifying theme for educational scientific investigation lets the student explore virtually every other system in the biosphere. Because of the unparalleled survivability and adaptability of insects, we can find examples from all biomes, all time references and all disciplines. Over the course of long-term continuous exploration, learners become familiar with relationships and patterns evident in natural situations. These same patterns of birth, growth and decay are much more vividly demonstrated in the field than in textbooks. Similarly, concrete examples of feeding relationships between organisms are plentiful in nearly any outdoor situation. The following model incorporates current research from multiple scientific disciplines but focuses on the many and varied research activities offered by the entomological community. Teachers and students in a primarily urban setting made extensive use of the materials developed through the course of this model's development. Their feedback as the materials were integrated into an established curriculum allowed for the fine-tuning of activity development. A conversion template has evolved that gives teachers, curriculum directors, parents and other educators a simple mechanism for adapting the work of leading researchers into activities suitable for all age levels and all learning abilities. As public schools rally to change the course of science education, they are met with a seemingly never-ending supply of materials promoted as hands-on learning. To the extent that the manipulation of tangible objects and materials supports identified outcome objectives, these materials fulfill their promise. Although there is merit in offering these types of kinesthetic experiences to reinforce theories and principles of science, this approach does not address the same goal as activities that promote 'doing science' through investigation and discovery using a process that includes observation, inquiry, design and collaboration. The active recruiting of and collaboration with science partners from universities offers public school teachers and their students an alternative for curriculum enrichment as the nation strives to reach literacy goals in the sciences.

Marshall, Bethany Johnston

71

Graduate Student Attitudes toward Grading Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined graduate student attitudes towards letter and pass/fail grading systems in the Law School and the School of Education in a selective university in the United States. Fifty-four students completed a questionnaire on goal orientations (ability comparison vs. mastery), amount of effort and stress in each of the two grading

Michaelides, Michalis; Kirshner, Ben

2005-01-01

72

Lunar Nautics: Designing a Mission to Live and Work on the Moon. An Educator's Guide for Grades 6-8. EG-2008-09-129-MSFC  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lunar Nautics is a hands-on curriculum targeted to youth in grades 6 to 8, that allows the students to design, test, analyze and manage a space mission from initial concept to project funding. Lunar Nautics provides opportunities for development of problem solving skills and critical thinking skills that are needed to design, organize and manage a…

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 2007

2007-01-01

73

College Course Grades for Dual Enrollment Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared college course grade outcomes, both during and after high school, of dual-enrollment students to those of traditional students. The study was based on a large, multiyear sample of Iowa high school and community college students. The results showed that while in high school, dual-enrollment students consistently outperformed…

Crouse, Jill D.; Allen, Jeff

2014-01-01

74

Improving Student's Lab Practices: the Performance Grade  

E-print Network

Instilling good laboratory working attitudes in students is a difficult but very important task, especially in the first level courses. The introduction of a grade, based on the observation of work practices during laboratory sessions, can be strongly beneficial towards the acquisition of positive skills covering not only the technical aspects, but also the acquisition of both independence and team work. Explicit suggestions are given for basing the grade on specific observations and a quantitative analysis is performed to guarantee that the higher intrinsic volatility of the Performance Grade does not affect the final laboratory grade.

Lippi, G L

2015-01-01

75

Grading The Graduate Student: A Student Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dissatisfaction with traditional grading practices has been increasing steadily during the past few years. Although alternative methods have been used by many institutions, there will be no commonly accepted system until some agreement has been reached on the goals of graduate level instruction and grading. There is no evidence to indicate that…

Iadarola, Toni

76

Developing Middle Grades Students' MP3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Middle grades are a critical time for capturing the interest and imagination and developing the potential of mathematically promising students. This is a time for students to make sense of mathematics, build a solid foundation and enthusiasm, and set the course for the highest levels of mathematics in the future. This is a time to explore their…

Tassell, Janet; Stobaugh, Rebecca; Sheffield, Linda

2011-01-01

77

HANDBOOK FOR STUDENTS GRADE APPEALS  

E-print Network

Is there evidence that the grade was given with prejudice? Prejudice is a "preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience." Complaints of prejudice can become more complicated. If the prejudice harassment and sexual assault), sexual orientation, marital status, pregnancy, age, disability, medical

Ravikumar, B.

78

Thermal Biology in Yellowstone National Park 6-8Photosynthesis and Respiration of Microscopic Life -Student Lab  

E-print Network

requires energy, they can tap into the stored sugar energy using a process called cellular respiration. Cellular respiration refers to the process of converting the chemical energy of organic moleculesThermal Biology in Yellowstone National Park 6-8Photosynthesis and Respiration of Microscopic Life

79

Grading Standards, Student Ability and Errors in College Admission  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grades are important for admission of students in most higher education programs. Analyzing admission and student performance data at a major Norwegian business school, we find that the grading practice of teachers at regional colleges sending students to the school is affected by the average performance of the students being graded. Teachers at…

Moen, Jarle; Tjelta, Martin

2010-01-01

80

Helping Students Read Middle Grade Science Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two instructional strategies stress effective reading during science instruction at the middle grade level. One uses print material for enrichment, while the second uses print as the primary instructional medium. Teachers can help students get ready to read in content areas by stimulating their interest in a variety of ways: capitalizing on chance…

Yore, Larry; Quorn, Kerry

81

Civics for ESOL Students, Grade 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide for grade 9 civics instruction for students of English as a second language (ESOL) contains, in outline form, civics behavioral objectives and instructional units. Units of instruction cover American symbols, politicians, colonial Americans, principles of government, the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution,…

Harrison, John S.

82

Osteoporosis Risk Factors in Eighth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents findings from food frequency questionnaires and surveys of 138 Midwestern eighth-grade student-parent pairs. The study examined the incidence of modifiable and nonmodifiable osteoporosis risk factors and compared gender differences. Data analysis indicated that many adolescents possessed several modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors…

Lysen, Victoria C.; Walker, Robert

1997-01-01

83

Academic Achievement for Fifth-Grade Students in Elementary and Intermediate School Settings: Grade Span Configurations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few researchers have addressed student achievement outcomes as a function of grade configurations for older elementary-aged students. Thus, this study was designed to determine differences between students' Grade 5 reading and mathematics achievement in elementary schools (K-5) as compared to intermediate schools (Grade 5, 5-6) for 5 academic…

Combs, Julie P.; Clark, David; Moore, George W.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Edmonson, Stacey L.; Slate, John R.

2011-01-01

84

Grading Written Projects: What Approaches Do Students Find Most Helpful?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conscientious marketing faculty spend extensive hours grading student essays and projects. As instructors work on grading papers, they may wonder how effective their comments are. The author explored how students in a marketing principles class reported their use of various grading methods. Students generally preferred rubrics with ratings and…

Smith, Lois J.

2008-01-01

85

Cross-Grade Comparison of Students' Understanding of Energy Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aims of this cross-grade study were (1) to determine the level of understanding of energy concepts of students at different academic grades and the differences in understanding between these grades and (2) to analyse the conceptual development of these students. Two hundred and forty-three students at 3 different levels (high school,…

Saglam-Arslan, Aysegul

2010-01-01

86

Same work, lower grade? Student ethnicity and teachers' subjective assessments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research shows ethnic minority students to receive different grades when taught by majority teachers. This may happen either because of bias in teachers' grading, or because objective student performance is indeed altered. Using an experiment, I examine whether teachers grade minority and majority students differently for the same work. I find no evidence for this. However, teachers report lower

Reyn van Ewijk

2009-01-01

87

Do Students' Grades in High School Biology Accurately Predict Their Grades in College Biology?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors analyzed how students' grades in high school biology courses are associated with their predicted and actual grades in college courses. The results of the study revealed a disconnect between high school and college biology courses. High school students are not well-served by high grades in high school courses that are not…

Jensen, Philip A.; Moore, Randy

2008-01-01

88

Implications of the Effects of Grade Configurations on Fifth Grade Students' Science Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if grade level configuration and student achievement in science, specifically fifth grade Science TAKS scores are related. This study utilized a causal comparative (ex post facto) design to determine if a consistent relationship existed between fifth grade students' success on the science TAKS at the…

Johnson, Delonda

2011-01-01

89

College Students' Evaluations of Teaching and Grade Inflation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined whether the use of student evaluations of teaching effectiveness has been a contributing factor to a trend of grade inflation in a mid-sized, public university in the Midwest. Found a predictive relationship between student ratings of teaching and expected grades and an encouragement over time of grade inflation. (EV)

Eiszler, Charles F.

2002-01-01

90

How Does Social Background Affect the Grades and Grade Careers of Norwegian Economics Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article examines how social background characteristics affect the academic achievement and grade careers of Norwegian economics students. The analyses show that the parents' social class is of great importance for the offspring's grades. Students with parents who are academics perform better than their fellow students of working-class…

Helland, Havard

2007-01-01

91

Investigation of Fifth Grade Students' Mathematical Calibration Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to develop a scale to measure fifth grade students' mathematical calibration skills. Besides, it aims to determine students' calibration skills through this scale. Results of the study revealed that fifth-grade students (n = 94) enrolling to study, have a medium-high level of (M = 55.12, SD = 21.76) mathematical…

Ozsoy, Gokhan

2012-01-01

92

Cognitive Dissonance or Revenge? Student Grades and Course Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I tested 2 competing theories to explain the connection between students' expected grades and ratings of instructors: cognitive dissonance and revenge. Cognitive dissonance theory holds that students who expect poor grades rate instructors poorly to minimize ego threat whereas the revenge theory holds that students rate instructors poorly in an…

Maurer, Trent W.

2006-01-01

93

Seventh grade students' conceptions of global warming and climate change  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate seventh grade students' conceptions of global warming and climate change. The study was descriptive in nature and involved the collection of qualitative data from 91 seventh grade students from three different schools in the Midwest, USA. An open response and draw and explain assessment instrument was administered to students. These data were

Daniel P. Shepardson; Dev Niyogi; Soyoung Choi; Umarporn Charusombat

2009-01-01

94

A Comparative Analysis of Grade Span Configurations and Academic Achievement among 6-8 and K-8 Public Schools in Texas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of grade span configurations on academic achievement in middle and K-8 public schools in the state of Texas. More specifically, academic achievement was examined and compared between two different school settings (i.e., middle schools and K-8 schools) for sixth-, seventh-, and…

Clark, David M.

2012-01-01

95

Close Encounter With a Carolina Bay. Jones Lake State Park: An Environmental Education Learning Experience Designed for Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Jones Lake State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets curriculum objectives in the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are included:…

Helms, J. Christopher; Corbett, Robert J.

96

Hubble Space Telescope Deep Field Lesson Package. Teacher's Guide, Grades 6-8. Amazing Space: Education On-Line from the Hubble Space Telescope.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lesson guide accompanies the Hubble Deep Field set of 10 lithographs and introduces 4 astronomy lesson plans for middle school students. Lessons include: (1) "How Many Objects Are There?"; (2) "Classifying and Identifying"; (3) "Estimating Distances in Space"; and (4) "Review and Assessment." Appendices contain students sheets for other…

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.

97

"Failure to assign failing grades": issues with grading the unsafe student.  

PubMed

In a grounded theory study examining the process of precepting an unsafe student, it was found that preceptors assigned passing grades to students who in fact should not have passed. Although preceptors perceived their role as gatekeepers for the profession, by not assigning failing grades to students who should not have passed a course, essentially they were abdicating their responsibility. Indeed, the simple act of assuming responsibility for precepting a student implies professional as well as pedagogical accountability. PMID:18384275

Luhanga, Florence; Yonge, Olive J; Myrick, Florence

2008-01-01

98

The Effects of Framing Grades on Student Learning and Preferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two experiments examined whether framing effects, in terms of losses and gains, can be extended to student learning and grading preferences. In Experiment 1, participants rated psychology course syllabi to investigate preferences for differently framed grading systems: a loss versus gain grading system. The results showed a clear framing effect…

Bies-Hernandez, Nicole J.

2012-01-01

99

Grade patterns of counseled and non-counseled college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

An investigation of grade patterns was made for 38 counseled and 38 matched noncounseled students. Grades for 2 terms before counseling started, during the first term of intensive counseling, and 2 terms after counseling began were examined. No significant difference was found in average grades of the counseled and noncounseled groups when compared term by term. However, when the counseled

La Vange H. Richardson

1964-01-01

100

The Relationship between Attendance Policies and Student Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between attendance policies and student grades in college courses was investigated. Specifically, a calculated grade point average was determined for all academic classes taught at Shelton State Community College between 2000 and 2008. These grade point averages were compared descriptively and statistically in an effort to…

Aaron, Michael D.

2012-01-01

101

Effective Teaching and Student Independence at Grade 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated how five Australian teachers, who were considered to be exemplary in helping students develop independence, influenced and guided their students to extremely high grades in 12th grade. Teachers were observed teaching a lesson and then interviewed. The interviews asked them to identify successful outcomes of the lesson and…

Ayres, Paul; Sawyer, Wayne; Dinham, Steve

102

Investigating Urban Eighth-Grade Students' Knowledge of Energy Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated urban eighth-grade students' knowledge of energy resources and associated issues including energy acquisition, energy generation, storage and transport, and energy consumption and conservation. A 39 multiple-choice-item energy resources knowledge assessment was completed by 1043 eighth-grade students in urban schools in two…

Bodzin, Alec

2012-01-01

103

Fifth Grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Earthquakes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study intends to investigate the fifth grade students' conceptions of earthquakes. Twenty two grade 5 students (11-12 years old) from five different elementary schools in Istanbul voluntarily participated in the study. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews with each participant. Six interview questions were designed by…

Savasci, Funda; Uluduz, Hatice

2013-01-01

104

Predicting Reading Achievement for the Gifted Upper Grade Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine how well gifted students in grades 4-6 should be reading and whether traditional reading expectancy formulas are useful in predicting reading achievement of gifted students in the upper elementary grades. The total reading scores on the Comprehensive Test of Basic Skills (Form Q2) for 624 fourth and sixth graders…

Osen, Deborah K.

105

Omani Twelfth Grade Students' Most Common Misconceptions in Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study, undertaken in the Sultanate of Oman, explored twelfth grade students' common misconceptions in seven chemistry conceptual areas. The sample included 786 twelfth grade students in Oman while the instrument was a two-tier test called Chemistry Misconceptions Diagnostic Test (CMDT), consisting of 25 items with 12 items…

Al-Balushi, Sulaiman M.; Ambusaidi, Abdullah K.; Al-Shuaili, Ali H.; Taylor, Neil

2012-01-01

106

Students' Distress over Grades: Entitlement or a Coping Response?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faculties across disciplines have noted an increasing number of students who are highly distressed over grades, and this distress is accompanied by pervasive demands on professors. The student behavior takes several forms, including demands for higher grades, expectations of special accommodations by faculty, and the predictions of dire outcomes…

Baer, Judith C.

2011-01-01

107

The Alignment of the easyCBM Grades 6-8 Math Measures to the Common Core Standards. Technical Report #1230  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within a response to intervention system of teaching and learning, important instructional decision-making (e.g., implementation of targeted intervention) is regularly tied to the results of formative assessments administered to students throughout the academic year. The validity of these instructional decisions depends to an extent on the…

Irvin, P. Shawn; Park, Bitnara Jasmine; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

108

"Making the grade:" noncognitive predictors of medical students' clinical clerkship grades.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: Because clinical clerkship grades are associated with resident selection and performance and are largely based on residents'/attendings' subjective ratings, it is important to identify variables associated with clinical clerkship grades. METHODS: U.S. medical students who completed > or =1 of the following required clinical clerkships--internal medicine, surgery, obstetrics/gynecology, pediatrics, neurology and psychiatry--were invited to participate in an anonymous online survey, which inquired about demographics, degree program, perceived quality of clerkship experiences, assertiveness, reticence and clerkship grades. RESULTS: A total of 2395 medical students (55% women; 57% whites) from 105 schools responded. Multivariable logistic regression models identified factors independently associated with receiving lower clerkship grades (high pass/pass or B/C) compared with the highest grade (honors or A). Students reporting higher quality of clerkship experiences were less likely to report lower grades in all clerkships. Older students more likely reported lower grades in internal medicine (P = 0.02) and neurology (P < 0.001). Underrepresented minorities more likely reported lower grades in all clerkships (P < 0.001); Asians more likely reported lower grades in obstetrics/gynecology (P = 0.007), pediatrics (P = 0.01) and neurology (P = 0.01). Men more likely reported lower grades in obstetrics/gynecology (P < 0.001) and psychiatry (P = 0.004). Students reporting greater reticence more likely reported lower grades in internal medicine (P = 0.02), pediatrics (P = 0.02) and psychiatry (P < 0.05). Students reporting greater assertiveness less likely reported lower grades in all clerkships (P < 0.03) except IM. CONCLUSIONS: The independent associations between lower clerkship grades and nonwhite race, male gender, older age, lower quality of clerkship experiences, and being less assertive and more reticent are concerning and merit further investigation. PMID:17987918

Lee, Katherine B.; Vaishnavi, Sanjeev N.; Lau, Steven K. M.; Andriole, Dorothy A.; Jeffe, Donna B.

2007-01-01

109

Self-Perceived Levels of Responsibility in Seventh Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, conducted at Churchill Junior High School in Royal Oak, Michigan, examined the effectiveness of the Student Responsibility Profile (SRP)and investigated the attitudes of eighth grade students and teachers toward the SRP. The profile allows staff members to evaluate student responsibility performance in 10 areas and allows students to…

Martello, Chris

110

International Space Station: 6-8 Hands-on Science and Math Lesson Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These lesson plans, designed for grades 6-8, have been developed to provide a guide to hands-on experience in science and math. They focus on an International Space Station and are designed for use with students working in groups. The three lesson plans highlighting the importance of the scientific method are: (1) International Space Station…

Armstrong, Pat

111

College Students' Evaluations of Teaching and Grade Inflation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the question: Has the use of student evaluations of teaching effectiveness been a contributing factor to a trend of grade inflation in a mid-sized, public university in the upper midwest? Aggregating the data for 983,491 student evaluations of more than 37,000 course sections, this study examined the trends in the percentage of students expecting the grades of

Charles F. Eiszler

2002-01-01

112

Creating Sacred Places for Students in Grades 9-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide attempts to help teachers of American Indian students in grades 9-12 provide a culturally relevant education that takes place in the regular classroom, includes content related to Indian students' lives, makes students proud, expands to other experiences, and enhances learning. Creating sacred places means responding appropriately to…

Fox, Sandra J.

113

Seventh grade students' mental models of the greenhouse effect  

Microsoft Academic Search

This constructivist study investigates 225 student drawings and explanations from three different schools in the midwest in the US, to identify seventh grade students' mental models of the greenhouse effect. Five distinct mental models were derived from an inductive analysis of the content of the students' drawings and explanations: Model 1, a ‘greenhouse’ for growing plants; Model 2, greenhouse gases

Daniel P. Shepardson; Soyoung Choi; Dev Niyogi; Umarporn Charusombat

2011-01-01

114

Predicting Eighth-Grade Algebra Students with Individualized Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the extent to which student performance and teacher perception of student performance affect placement in eighth-grade mathematics classes for students with disabilities. Authors used the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study--Kindergarten dataset to investigate how each of the following factors predicted placement in…

Faulkner, Valerie N.; Crossland, Cathy L.; Stiff, Lee V.

2013-01-01

115

Minicourses for Deaf Students in the Intermediate Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A minicourse program with students from grades four through eight at the Oregon State School for the Deaf has been rewarding for teachers and students by serving to develop skills in immediate practical areas of the student's experience as well as in developing recreational skills and interests in such activities as chess, mime, and karate, and…

Anderson, Peter E.; Shepard, Charlotte H.

1977-01-01

116

Creating Sacred Places for Students in Grades 7&8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide attempts to help teachers of American Indian students in grades 7-8 provide a culturally relevant education that takes place in the regular classroom, includes content related to Indian students' lives, makes students proud, expands to other experiences, and enhances learning. Creating sacred places means responding appropriately to…

Fox, Sandra J.

117

Seventh Grade Students' Mental Models of the Greenhouse Effect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This constructivist study investigates 225 student drawings and explanations from three different schools in the midwest in the US, to identify seventh grade students' mental models of the greenhouse effect. Five distinct mental models were derived from an inductive analysis of the content of the students' drawings and explanations: Model 1, a…

Shepardson, Daniel P.; Choi, Soyoung; Niyogi, Dev; Charusombat, Umarporn

2011-01-01

118

Improving Grade One Students' Reading Motivation with Online Electronic Storybooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study stemmed from a concern of the perceived decline in students' reading motivation after the early years of schooling. The current research explored eight grade 1 students' experiences with online electronic storybooks (eBooks). Eight students were given ten 25-minute sessions with the software programs over 15 weeks.…

Ciampa, Katia

2012-01-01

119

Analysis of Grade Point Average and Grades in Selected Courses for Students in Selected Occupational Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comparing the performance of students majoring in Data Processing Programming, Dental Assisting, Electronics Technology and Mid-Management with control groups matched on the basis of sex and ACT scores, no apparant discrimination against the technical majors was found in terms of earned grade point averages or grades in selected courses, with the…

Hendrix, Vernon L.

120

Grade Inflation and the Myth of Student Consumerism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The widespread acceptance of the phrase "grade inflation" poses a potentially damaging overstatement in reference to higher education. Grades are at an all-time high, but a review of the literature demonstrates that the improvement is not incongruous with a rise in faculty development programs and increased varieties of student support services.…

Boretz, Elizabeth

2004-01-01

121

Grading Student Clinical Practice Performance: The Australian Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although assessment of nursing students' clinical performance is difficult, objections to grading may be based on erroneous assumptions. A combination of criterion- and norm-referenced assessment can clarify minimum competency requirements and reward meritorious performance. (SK)

Andre, Kate

2000-01-01

122

Cumulative Undergraduate Grade Point Average (GPA) Potential Student Name: _____________________________  

E-print Network

") or withdrew from failing (Withdraw Failing "FW") are included in the total credit sum. Credits for Pass/Fail (Passing). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0 WP (Withdraw Passing). . . . . . 0 WF (Withdraw FailingCumulative Undergraduate Grade Point Average (GPA) Potential Student Name

Maxwell, Bruce D.

123

Grades That Show What Students Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to cure the ills of current grading and reporting systems, many schools and districts across the United States have attempted to implement a standards-based system. The authors recommend four best practices in this area: (1) Get rid of the omnibus grade, which tells teachers little about the content measured or the difficulty level of…

Marzano, Robert J.; Heflebower, Tammy

2011-01-01

124

Web-based grading: further experiences and student attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes recent improvements to and experiences with Web-based grading software that has been developed by the author at Ohio University. The software, named WBGP for the web-based grading project, provides facilities to build, test, and annotate student source code with comments concerning programming style and documentation. The software produces a collection of Web-pages for each student project that

David W. Juedes

2005-01-01

125

Comparison between teacher grading and student self-grading in different modules of agronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The adaptation of the Universities to European Higher Education Area (EHEA) involves changes in the learning system. Students must obtain specific capabilities in the different degrees or masters. For example, in the degree of Agronomy at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (Spain), they must command mathematics, English informatics or crop production. Moreover, students must attain personal skills such as leadership, team work, a critical spirit and a social, environmental and ethical commitment with the environment and the society. A way to evaluate the critical spirit of the students is to compare the grade obtained in a specific module with the grade that the students think he should get. The aim of this work is to evaluate the differences between teacher and student grading in different subjects related to soil science in different degrees and masters courses at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid.

Méndez, A.; Paz-Ferreiro, J.; Guerrero, F.; Gascó, J. M.; Saá, A.; Tarquis, A. M.; Gascó, G.

2012-04-01

126

Function machine (grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Applying a machine metaphor for functions, this virtual manipulative allows the learner to examine the relationship between input (domain) and output (range). The learner inputs numbers from one to four and the virtual machine generates output information in a table. The learner is challenged to find the output for values five through seven and enter them in the table. Errors are noted automatically. Using a new function button, different types of functions are randomly offered for investigation. Types include a function with alphabet letter output and a function with positive and negative ones for output. Instructions for using the manipulative, information about functions, and a link to the NCTM standard for number and operations are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Utah State University. National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for Interactive Mathematics

2003-01-01

127

Exploring Tessellations (Grades 6-8)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners design unique tiles and make repeating patterns to create tessellations. This activity combines the creativity of an art project with the challenge of solving a puzzle. This lesson features three investigations, in which learners make tessellations by translating, rotating, and reflecting the patterns.

Exploratorium

2010-01-01

128

A study of teacher solicitations and student responses during read-alouds with kindergarten, first grade, and second grade students  

E-print Network

responses as these interactions occur during read-alouds with Kindergarten, first, and second grade students. The significance of this study was to advance the knowledge base of the nature of read-alouds within the context of teacher solicitations...

Garcia, Norma Garza

2009-06-02

129

Life experience of sixth-grade students in analog domains of sixth-grade science textbooks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was conducted to determine if analog domains in sixth grade science textbooks were common to the life experience of sixth grade students and if experience differed according to moderating variables. The researcher reviewed three sixth grade general science textbooks and selected analogies that were unsupported by extended text, photos, or diagrams. Analogies were limited to ones which were unsupported because the intent was to identify students who were ready by virtue of life experience to confront analogies unaided by contextual clues. The researcher designed the Life Experiences in Analog Domains (LEAD) Questionnaire to survey students in 50 analog domains. Subjects of the study were 331 sixth grade students from an urban school district. Thirty were tested with the instrument one year later. Data on age, gender, ethnicity and income were analyzed for variance. Standardized achievement test scores were correlated to the LEAD Questionnaire. Results revealed sharp contrasts of experience by analog domain. Experience in analog domains was indicated 52% of the time overall. There were significant differences in the experience of students grouped by moderating variables. Younger students reported more experience than older students. The higher income group reported more experience than the lower income group. Caucasian students reported more experience overall than African American students. Chi-square tests revealed that differences in scores by ethnicity were not controlled by income. of three skills, reading comprehension, mathematics, and science, reading comprehension was most closely correlated to questionnaire score. Results suggest that many of the sixth grade students in the study may be without experience in analog domains when they encounter analogies in a textbook. Assuming subsequent implementations of the Questionnaire confirm these results, teachers should survey life experience of students and help them develop experiences that complement their science text. Textbook authors should explain all but the simplest analogies.

Wagamon, Barbara J.

130

The Effects of Grading and Teaching Practices on Students' Perceptions of Grading Fairness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine the antecedents of perceptions of grading fairness, approximately 600 college students were surveyed about the prevalence and desirability of 1) teaching practices that assisted students to prepare for examinations, and 2) common test scoring manipulations used to transform poor scores into acceptable ones (e.g., curving low scores…

Gordon, Michael E.; Fay, Charles H.

2010-01-01

131

Increasing Reading Ability among First and Third Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was designed to increase the reading abilities of students in the targeted first and third grade classes in two elementary schools located in the Midwest. The study involved an action research project highlighting the overall growth of the students' academic achievement through increased reading growth. The study was…

Commare, Colleen C.; Sedlack, Sarah E.

132

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE LITERATURE PROGRAM OF THE GRADE 12 STUDENT PACKET OF THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM CONSISTS OF A SELECTIVE SURVEY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE FROM THE RENAISSANCE TO THE 20TH CENTURY. IT BEGINS WITH A UNIT ON SHAKESPEAREAN TRAGEDY IN WHICH STUDENTS READ REVENGE TRAGEDIES--SENECA'S "THYESTES" AND KYD'S "THE SPANISH TRAGEDY"--AS PREPARATION FOR THE…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

133

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE SEVENTH-GRADE STUDENT PACKET, PRODUCED BY THE NEBRASKA CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTER, BEGINS WITH THE UNIT ENTITLED "THE MAKING OF STORIES" IN WHICH STUDENTS CONSIDER WRITERS' AUDIENCES AND METHODS OF COMPOSITION AND PRESENTATION. SUCH MATERIAL AS "A CHRISTMAS CAROL" AND SELECTIONS FROM "THE ODYSSEY,""BEOWULF,""HYMN TO HERMES," AND GRIMM'S…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

134

Using Separate Answer Sheets with Grade 3 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors compared the performance of third-grade students testing on answer sheets with those testing on machine-scored test booklets. The 1,832 students in the nationally representative sample were assigned at the campus level to complete the Stanford Achievement Test Series, Tenth Edition in 1 of 4 conditions: (a) Form A answer sheet, (b)…

Brooks, Thomas; O'Malley, Kimberly; Ragland, Shelley; Young, Michael; Kirkpatrick, Rob

2014-01-01

135

Gender Differences in Inference Generation by Fourth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if there are gender differences among elementary school-aged students in regard to the inferences they generate during reading. Fourth-grade students (130 females; 126 males) completed think-aloud tasks while reading one practice and one experimental narrative text. Females generated a larger number and a…

Clinton, Virginia; Seipel, Ben; Broek, Paul; McMaster, Kristen L.; Kendeou, Panayiota; Carlson, Sarah E.; Rapp, David N.

2014-01-01

136

Reading Interests of Tenth, Eleventh and Twelfth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reading interests of 300 tenth, eleventh, and twelfth grade students were surveyed and compared to those revealed in previous research. The results indicated that the amount of time students reported reading outside of school per day has decreased slightly since a 1961 study by P. Witty, with females still reading more than males. As in the…

Ross, Beth; Simone, Nancy

137

Formation of Teachers' Expectations of First Grade Student's Academic Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to explore the formation of teachers' expectations of students' academic performance. First-grade teachers were interviewed or asked to respond to questionnaires concerning their pupils, and ranked their students on expected academic performance at three periods in the school year. Teachers rankings of expected…

Willis, Sherry L.

138

Interpreting How Third Grade Junior High School Students Represent Water.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on how third grade junior high school students represent water and its interactions with nature and contemporary science. The study was planned and implemented within the framework of environmental education and involved the participation of 171 students attending public schools in Athens and Thessaloniki, Greece. (Author/SAH)

Agelidou, Evagelia; Balafoutas, George; Gialamas, Vassilios

2001-01-01

139

Implementing Guided Reading Strategies with Kindergarten and First Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the action research project report, the teacher researchers found that many kindergarten and first-grade students did not have the reading readiness skills to be reading at their benchmark target. The purpose of the project was to improve the students overall reading ability. The dates of the project began on September 8 through December 20,…

Abbott, Lindsey; Dornbush, Abby; Giddings, Anne; Thomas, Jennifer

2012-01-01

140

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE STUDENT PACKET FOR GRADE 10 OF THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM BEGINS WITH FOUR UNITS ON LITERATURE, EACH STRESSING AN ASPECT OF MAN'S CONCEPTION OF THE WORLD. THROUGH A STUDY OF THE LITERATURE OF SEVERAL CULTURES, WRITTEN AT VARIOUS TIMES, STUDENTS FIRST CONSIDER "MAN AND NATURE, MAN'S PICTURE OF NATURE." THE SECOND UNIT, "MAN AND SOCIETY,…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

141

Factors Affecting Students' Grades in Principles of Economics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Factors affecting students' grades in principles of microeconomics and macroeconomics students are analyzed from the data collected in two public universities. Results indicate that gender, number of hours worked, SAT scores, number of missed classes, recommending the course to a friend, instructors, being a junior, number of economics…

Kara, Orhan; Bagheri, Fathollah; Tolin, Thomas

2009-01-01

142

Warning: A Grade 7 Student Disrupts Narrative Boundaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features a case study of the written and illustrative text produced by one Grade 7 student, Stefinia, and discusses the metaleptic transgressions evident in the book she created as the culminating activity of a research project. Stefinia was a participant in a classroom-based study that explored how developing students' knowledge of…

Pantaleo, Sylvia

2011-01-01

143

A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, STUDENT PACKET, GRADE 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE 11TH-GRADE COURSE OF STUDY IN AMERICAN LITERATURE PRESENTED IN THE STUDENT PACKET FOR THE NEBRASKA ENGLISH CURRICULUM BEGINS WITH A UNIT ENTITLED "INDIVIDUALISM AND IDEALISM" IN WHICH STUDENTS ANALYZE SPIRITUAL AUTOBIOGRAPHIES BY EMERSON, THOREAU, WHITMAN, AND DICKINSON. NEXT, THE THEME OF SIN AND LONELINESS AS IT LIMITS INDIVIDUALISM IS…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

144

Achievement of Serbian Eighth Grade Students in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper considers the main results and some educational implications of the TIMSS 2003 assessment conducted in Serbia in the fields of the science achievement of Serbian eighth grade students and the science curriculum context of their achievement. There were 4264 students in the sample. It was confirmed that Serbian eighth graders had made…

Antonijevic, Radovan

2006-01-01

145

Improving Reading and Communication Skills of Ninth Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A program was developed to improve the reading scores and communication skills of ninth-grade students from multicultural backgrounds. The students' socioeconomic status ranges from below the poverty level to upper middle class. The population of the high school in suburban Chicago (Illinois) is multiethnic, the English is not always the primary…

Howard, Walter J., III

146

How Faculty can Affect Student Texting, Distraction, Grades, and Attitudes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is considerable pressure on faculty members to use technology in teaching. Students also bring technology into class in the form of laptop computers, smart phones, and iPads. Does this technology increase or decrease learning? We report two years of data studying 14 different classes with a total of approximately 1200 students. We find that, on the average, approximately 70% of students use their own digital devices during class and 30% do not. The grades earned by the former group average nearly half a grade point average lower than the non-use group. Faculty policies are found to dramatically influence student behavior. Extensive student interview data will be reported that shows that students expect faculty members to set technology policies and summarizes their attitudes about technology use.

Duncan, Douglas K.; Hoekstra, A.; Wilcox, B.

2014-01-01

147

Dear Parents of Students Entering Grade Three  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Southington Public School District encourages learning throughout the summer weeks. As such, this letter is being sent home to inform you of our summer reading expectations. In collaboration with the Governor's Reading Challenge, all elementary schools are participating in this joint summer reading program. Please find the grade level reading list on the Southington Public Schools' website. There will

Joseph V. Erardi; Howard J. Thiery

2009-01-01

148

Data Modelling with First-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues for a renewed focus on statistical reasoning in the beginning school years, with opportunities for children to engage in data modelling. Results are reported from the first year of a 3-year longitudinal study in which three classes of first-grade children (6-year-olds) and their teachers engaged in data modelling activities. The…

English, Lyn D.

2012-01-01

149

Working Longer Makes Students Stronger? The Effects of Ninth Grade Classroom Hours on Ninth Grade Student Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Despite much discussion on the role of education policy on school and student performance, we know little about the effects of school spending at the margin on student cognitive achievement beyond the effects of class size. Purpose: The paper examines the effects of annual ninth grade classroom hours in literacy and maths on ninth…

Jensen, Vibeke Myrup

2013-01-01

150

Grade inflation under the threat of students’ nuisance: Theory and evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines a channel, students’ nuisance, to explain grade inflation. “Students’ nuisance” is defined by “students’ pestering the professors for better grades.” This paper contains two parts: the game theoretic model and the empirical tests. The model shows that the potential threat of students’ nuisance can induce the professors to inflate grades. Ceteris paribus, a student is more likely

Wan-Ju Iris Franz

2010-01-01

151

Storytelling for Middle Grades Students. Fastback 482.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preparing and telling stories in the classroom is fun for both teacher and student, and stories have great value as motivational tools to enhance instruction. Students who have difficulty recalling facts from the textbook easily remember the concepts that are contained within a story. Stories seem to provide frameworks that aid understanding and…

Myers, John W.; Hilliard, Robert D.

152

Perspective: Middle Grades Students and ADD  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The substantial increase in the number of students referred for possible attention deficit disorder can be attributed in part to the relatively young age at which students must meet the academic demands of middle school, according to psychologist Jerrold Pollak. He offers a solution for educators and members of the mental health community.

Jerrold Pollak

153

Stress Reduction in Sixth-Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A stress management program was evaluated in sixth-grade classes of an urban public and a suburban parochial school. Sample 1, from the urban public school, and Sample 2, from the suburban parochial school, received pre- and posttests. Sample 3, from the suburban parochial school, was divided into pretest-only and posttest-only groups. Six self-esteem and 1 each stress and social-skills children's

Alan S. De Wolfe; Antoinette M. Saunders

1995-01-01

154

Increasing Middle Grade Students' Motivation To Read Independently through Reading, Writing, and Data Base Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A practicum addressed the problem of a lack of reading motivation among middle grade students. An activity based program for middle grade students which integrated reading, book reports, book presentations, computer programs, and a library skills program was developed. Subjects, 32 fifth grade and 33 sixth grade students enrolled in a computer…

Witry, Susan M.

155

Grade Inflation Rates among Different Ability Students, Controlling for Other Factors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared grade inflation rates among students of different abilities at an open-admissions public university by examining trends in graduating grade point average from 1983 to 1996. The higher grade inflation rates among low aptitude students suggest that faculty might be using grades to encourage learning among marginal students. (SLD)

Mc Spirit, Stephanie; Jones, Kirk E.

1999-01-01

156

A Comparison of Grade Configuration on Urban Sixth to Eighth Grade Student Outcomes in Regular and Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzed the effect of school/grade configuration for regular and special education students in K-8 schools and middle schools. The analysis looked at the effect of grade configuration on two outcomes: student achievement and student attendance. The study followed a cohort of fifth graders (regular and special education) through sixth,…

Fink, Louise L.

2010-01-01

157

The Effect of Scheduling Models for Introductory Algebra on 9th-Grade Students, Test Scores and Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of pacing and scheduling of algebra coursework on assigned 9th-grade students who traditionally would qualify for pre-algebra instruction and same course 9th-grade students who traditionally would qualify for standard algebra instruction. Students were selected based on completion of first-year…

O'Hanlon, Angela L.

2011-01-01

158

Second and Third Grade Students in the Hunters Point-Bayview SEED Project: A Diagnostic Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report supplements the first South East Education Development project (SEED) on first grade children. Full and partial records of 624 second grade students and 591 third grade students are the basis of this diagnostic review. The empirical data obtained for the SEED project students included: each student's sex and number of full days in…

Counelis, James Steve

159

The Fairness of Report Card Grading Adaptations: What Do Students with and without Learning Disabilities Think?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 15 high school students with learning disabilities and 257 typical students found no grading adaptation was viewed as fair by a majority of students without disabilities. Changing the grading scale and raising grades to reflect improvement were viewed as fair adaptations by the students with disabilities. (CR)

Bursuck, William D.; Munk, Dennis D.; Olson, Mary M.

1999-01-01

160

Oral Reading Rates of Second-Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of reading fluently is widely recognized in school effectiveness, reform, and improvement efforts of the educational community, yet there are few large-scale, structured assessments of the progression of students' reading rates over time. This study documented 2nd-grade students' oral reading rates on the basis of fall, winter, and spring assessments. Using growth curve analysis, we identified models for

Chuang Wang; Bob Algozzine; Wen Ma; Erik Porfeli

2011-01-01

161

When Parents and Students Grade Staff.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since teachers know that students and parents will not rate them as kindly as fellow educators, most attempts to add these voices have been resisted. Although some districts have managed to overcome teacher skepticism and hostility, only 1 percent of U.S. school districts use 360-degree evaluation regularly. (MLH)

Mathews, Jay

2000-01-01

162

Experiences of Ninth Grade Physical Education Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous studies exist that report the behaviors of elite athletes, but little research exists which describes the experiences of students within public school physical education classes. The purpose of this study was to describe the experiences articulated by ninth graders participating (n=67) in their last semester of required physical…

Portman, Penelope A.

163

Sixth Grade Student Self-Regulation in Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The positive relationship between self-regulation and student achievement has been repeatedly supported through research. Key considerations that have resulted from prior research include instructor feedback and explicit expectations, student perception of their control of their progress, accurate self-calibration, reflection, goal-setting, age, and methods by which a cycle which integrates all of these can be put in place. While research provides evidence for that fact that it is possible to support student success in several of these areas, many questions are left as to how guided, active self-regulation impacts students perception of their control over their performance, their ability to accurately assess and act upon their strengths and weaknesses, and, ultimately, their overall progress at different developmental stages. This study intended to provide a better understanding of how guidance in the self-regulation strategies of sixth grade science students can impact their attitudes toward learning. Specifically, this study investigated the question, "What is the effect of active reflection, graphing of grades, and goal setting on sixth-grade students' locus of control and ability to self-regulate?"

Reid, Lisa J.

164

Enhancing Eighth Grade Student Presentations of Scientific Research with Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum was designed to improve the research and communication skills of eighth-grade students with the integration of technology, mathematics, and science when doing real-experience problem solving. Four units were developed that related the use of technology to skills that are also used in gathering, organizing, and manipulating research…

Shreiner, Berdella H.

165

Dental Students' Grades and Their Relationship to Classroom Attendance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study to examine the assumption that absenteeism affects student performance is described. Strict attendance records were kept for a course in dental materials at the University of Tennessee College of Dentistry. All of the tests indicate a significant negative correlation between grades and absenteeism. (MLW)

Newman, Sheldon; And Others

1981-01-01

166

Seventh Grade Students and the Visual Messages They Love  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most seventh grade students partially define themselves through everyday media messages. As a part of understanding how these images and the media impacts their lives, the author collaborated with her colleagues to develop a unit to help teens learn how visual messages such as those in pictures, media icons, logos, slogans, clothing, toys, and…

De Abreu, Belinha

2008-01-01

167

Prevention of cigarette smoking in seventh grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

An 8-month school-based smoking prevention program tested with 1526 seventh grade students resulted in a substantial reduction in the incidence of smoking relative to a comparison population. Two curriculum elements were found to have important deterrent effects on smoking onset: (1) emphasis on immediate and primarily social consequences of smoking and (2) personalization of the course materials and mode of

Peter D. Hurd; C. Anderson Johnson; Terry Pechacek; L. Peter Bast; David R. Jacobs; Russell V. Luepker

1980-01-01

168

Developing Visual Literacy among Academically Able Fifth-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study with 34 gifted fifth-grade students found that a concrete sequential approach to developing visual literacy was more effective than an abstract visualization approach. Subjects either received guided visualization or direct instruction on such art concepts as shape, form, line, color, perspective, variety, and unity. (DB)

Casey, Heidi Van Ert; Wolf, Joan S.

1989-01-01

169

EXPLORING BEGINNING INFERENCE WITH NOVICE GRADE 7 STUDENTS6  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study documented efforts to facilitate ideas of beginning inference in novice grade 7 students. A design experiment allowed modified teaching opportunities in light of observation of components of a framework adapted from that developed by Pfannkuch for teaching informal inference with box plots. Box plots were replaced by hat plots, a feature available with the software TinkerPlotsTM. Data in

JANE M. WATSON

2008-01-01

170

Exploring Beginning Inference with Novice Grade 7 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study documented efforts to facilitate ideas of beginning inference in novice grade 7 students. A design experiment allowed modified teaching opportunities in light of observation of components of a framework adapted from that developed by Pfannkuch for teaching informal inference with box plots. Box plots were replaced by hat plots, a…

Watson, Jane M.

2008-01-01

171

Differential Teacher Grading Behavior toward Female Students of Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempted to determine if teachers discriminate against female learners of mathematics. More than 1000 secondary mathematics teachers were asked to grade four geometry proofs. Student sex and ability were the independent variables. Analysis yielded no significant F ratios for either of the main effects or their interaction. (Author/MK)

Duval, Concetta M.

1980-01-01

172

Teaching Gifted Students Social Sciences in Grades Seven Through Nine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use by teachers, consultants and administrators, the booklet discusses social science instruction for gifted students in grades 7-9. An introductory section provides an overview of goals and parameters of the social sciences (psychology, sociology, and anthropology). The scientific research process is described in terms of five steps,…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Office of Curriculum Services.

173

Beginning Eleventh Grade Student Profile, Mathematics Standards, Citrus County, Florida.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of booklets deals with minumum standards in mathematics for beginning eleventh grade students. There is a statement of the standards with related skills, a test to assess competency with accompanying answer sheet and answer key, and eight booklets presenting problems covered by six of the standards. The booklets cover: percentages;…

Citrus County Board of Public Instruction, Inverness, FL.

174

Teaching Gifted Students Literature in Grades Seven through Nine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared for use by teachers of mentally gifted students in grades 7 through 9, the booklet offers a curriculum design for the teaching of literature. Considered is the difficult developmental stage in late childhood and early adolescence when children begin to assert their roles as individuals and often have no adult model other than the friendly…

Covey, Barbara L.

175

A Science Assessment Program for Kindergarten and First Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are science units for kindergarten and first-grade classes which include one or more non-verbal test items constructed to determine whether the student has learned the material presented in the unit. Units include: light, senses, gerbils, beans and peas, animal activities, and hatching chicks. (SL)

Greening, Gary A.

176

First Grade Teachers' Perceptions of and Expectations for ELL Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational disparities exist between English language learners (ELLs) and native English-speaking students. Evidence suggests that, by fourth grade, 35% of ELLs, compared to their native English-speaking peers, are behind in math, and 47% are behind in reading. There is also evidence to suggest that these lower achievement scores are impacted by…

Couch, Marsha

2010-01-01

177

Stop Tobacco in Restaurants: Fifth Grade Students STIR City Hall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses a campaign called STIR: Stop Tobacco in Restaurants, that was started by fourth and fifth grade students. The goal was to end smoking in public places, including restaurants, bowling alleys, sports bars, and pool halls. For two years they motivated their peers, coordinated an information campaign to urge kids and adults to…

Morris, Ronald Vaughan

2008-01-01

178

Environmental Knowledge and Beliefs among Grade 10 Students in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To develop environmental education in Australia, a survey of tenth-grade students was undertaken. Thirty knowledge items and ten belief items were constructed. A panel of environmentalists and educators identified best responses for the knowledge items, and a common reference point, preservation of homo sapiens, for the belief items, so a…

Eyers, Vivian George

179

Students drop out of STEM fields due to poor grades  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

College students planning to major in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields often drop out of those fields because of poorer than expected grades, according to a recent study. Conducted by Ralph Stinebrickner of Berea College in Kentucky and Todd Stinebrickner of the University of Western Ontario, the study is a National Bureau of Economic Research working paper published in June 2013.

Balcerak, Ernie

2013-09-01

180

Page 1 of 6 S97-8 STUDENT FAIRNESS COMMITTEE; GRADES AND  

E-print Network

Page 1 of 6 S97-8 STUDENT FAIRNESS COMMITTEE; GRADES AND GRADE APPEALS; STUDENT GRIEVANCES; STUDENT STUDENT FAIRNESS COMMITTEE Whereas: Responsibility for resolution of student grievances is now divided, be it Resolved: That the following document entitled "Student Fairness Committee" be adopted as policy. ACADEMIC

Gleixner, Stacy

181

Student and Faculty Perceptions of Plus/Minus Grading and Its Effect on Course Grade Point Averages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In fall 2005, the Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences at the University of Arkansas authorized the optional use of a plus/minus grading system. Since 2005, approximately one-half of courses have been graded using plus/minus and one-half using the straight letter grade system. This study examined student (n = 338) and…

Edgar, Leslie D.; Johnson, Donald M.; Graham, Donna L.; Dixon, Bruce L.

2014-01-01

182

The relation between student motivation and student grades in physical education: A 3-year investigation.  

PubMed

Enhancing students' academic engagement is the key element of the educational process; hence, research in this area has focused on understanding the mechanisms that can lead to increased academic engagement. The present study investigated the relation between motivation and grades in physical education (PE) employing a 3-year longitudinal design. Three hundred fifty-four Greek high school students participated in the study. Students completed measures of motivation to participate in PE on six occasions; namely, at the start and the end of the school year in the first, second, and third year of junior high school. Students' PE grades were also recorded at these time points. The results of the multilevel growth models indicated that students' PE grades increased over the 3 years and students had better PE grades at the end of each year than at the beginning of the subsequent year. In general, students and classes with higher levels of controlling motivation achieved lower PE grades, whereas higher levels of autonomous motivation were associated with higher PE grades. These findings provide new insight on the associations between class- and individual-level motivation with objectively assessed achievement in PE. PMID:24433528

Barkoukis, V; Taylor, I; Chanal, J; Ntoumanis, N

2014-10-01

183

Positive and Negative Incentives in the Classroom: An Analysis of Grading Systems and Student Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined how particular grading systems motivate students. Since competency-based grading and point systems are most prevalent (Hendrickson and Gable, 1999), the current study is modeled around these systems. The grading systems used for this study were divided into two categories and defined as those students who earned their grades

Docan, Tony N.

2006-01-01

184

K-8th Grade Korean Students' Conceptions of 'Changes of State' and 'Conditions for Changes of State'. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the various conceptions held by K-8th Korean grade students regarding the 'changes of state' and the 'conditions for changes of state'. The study used a sample of five kindergarteners, five secondgrade students, five fourth-grade students, five sixth-grade students, and five eighth-grade students. The 25 students attend…

Paik, Seoung-Hey; Kim, Hyo-Nam; Cho, Boo-Kyoung; Park, Jae-Won

2004-01-01

185

Personalized Grading Plans: A Systematic Approach to Making the Grades of Included Students More Accurate and Meaningful  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Do seemingly motivated students with learning disabilities work hard in general education classes only to receive lower grades than their peers? Donahoe and Zigmond (1990) found that 60-70% of students with learning disabilities passed their mainstreaming classes but received a below-average (below a C-) grade. A similar finding was reported by…

Munk, Dennis D.; Bursuck, William D.

2004-01-01

186

The Relationship between Grade Configuration and Standardized Science Test Scores of Fifth-Grade Students: What School Administrators Should Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study utilized a causal comparative (ex post facto) design to determine if a consistent relationship existed between fifth-grade students' success on the Science Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) at the elementary (K-5) level in comparison to fifth-grade students' success on the science TAKS at the intermediate (5-6)…

Johnson, Delonda; Jones, Lisa; Simieou, Felix; Matthew, Kathryn; Morgan, Bryan

2013-01-01

187

Research and Teaching: Do Students' Grades in High School Biology Accurately Predict Their Grades in College Biology?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this study, the authors analyzed how students' grades in high school biology courses are associated with their predicted and actual grades in college courses. The results of the study revealed a disconnect between high school and college biology courses. High school students are not well-served by high grades in high school courses that are not accompanied by the requisite amount of course engagement and academic effort.

Philip A. Jensen

2008-01-01

188

The Interactive Relationships of Teacher Directiveness and Student Authoritarianism and Dogmatism to Grades and Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interactions of teacher directiveness and student authoritarianism, teacher directiveness and student dogmatism, teacher authoritarianism and student authoritarianism, and teacher dogmatism and student dogmatism were examined in terms of variance in grades and satisfaction. (JC)

McCann, S. J. H.; Fisher, R. J.

1977-01-01

189

Self-Reflective Grading: Getting Students to Learn from Their Mistakes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students rarely use their graded exams to study. An alternative method of grading exams, based on self-reflection, encourages students to use their mistakes as a learning resource. In this grading method, the test is returned with each question simply marked as "right" or 'wrong." Students can then go over their exams and resubmit them with…

Cherepinsky, Vera

2011-01-01

190

Teacher-Student Interactions in Fifth Grade Classrooms: Relations with Children's Peer Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the extent to which teacher-student interactions in fifth grade classrooms are associated with peer behavior in fifth grade, accounting for prior peer functioning. Participants included 894 fifth grade students from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. The quality of teacher-student interactions…

Luckner, Amy E.; Pianta, Robert C.

2011-01-01

191

Alternative Futures for the Education of Students with Severe Disabilities. Proceedings of the Conference on Severe and Multiple Handicaps: Alternative Futures (Edmonton, Canada, May 6-8, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 23 papers given at a 1987 Edmonton (Canada) conference. Papers have the following titles and authors: "Current Trends and Future Challenges in the Education of Students with Severe Handicaps" (Dick Sobsey); "How Often Do You Need to Collect Student Performance Data? A Study of the Effects of Frequency of Probe Data Collection…

Baine, David, Ed.; And Others

192

Reporting, grading, and the meaning of letter grades in Science 9: Perspectives of teachers, students, and parents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigates the reporting and grading, as well as the meaning of letter grades, of students in Science 9 from the perspectives of teachers, students, and parents in five schools from two British Columbia school districts, one urban and one rural. To that end, four research questions guided the data collection and analyses: (1) What reporting methods do teachers use to communicate information about student learning in Science 9 to students and parents, and what are teachers', students', and parents' opinions of those reporting methods? (2) What grading components do teachers incorporate into Science 9 letter grades, and what grading components do students and parents believe teachers incorporate into Science 9 letter grades? (3) What meanings do teachers, students, and parents attribute to Science 9 letter grades? and (4) What are students' and parents' perceptions about some possible effects of student progress reports in Science 9? A mixed-methodology design was employed to collect the data. Quantitative data, collected via self-administered written questionnaires from the five Science 9 teachers, 43 students, and 21 parents who volunteered to participate in the study, were used to identify participants' practices and perceptions about grading and reporting. Qualitative data, collected via individual, audio-taped interviews conducted with a subset of the people who completed questionnaires (all five teachers, 16 students, and seven parents), were used to verify, clarify, and expand the questionnaire data. Observational notes and collected documents (e.g., report card forms) also served as data sources. The results of this study show that most of the participants in the study were generally satisfied with most aspects of the reporting of student progress in Science 9. However, individual teachers consider different kinds of assessment information when they assign Science 9 letter grades, teachers are not always clear and consistent about what they intend letter grades to mean, and students' and parents' beliefs about the grading components and meanings of Science 9 letter grades vary widely. The results of this study also indicate that the information communicated by a letter grade is not always clear and consistent. That the meaning of a letter grade is not always clear has implications for the ways in which letter grades are used by students and parents. The results of this study indicate that some students' attitudes, behaviours, and decisions could be affected by the grades they receive in Science 9. However, in order for students' attitudes, behaviours, and decisions to be appropriate, their interpretations of the meanings of letter grades must be appropriate. Given the multiple---meanings attributed to a Science 9 letter grade, it is likely that peoples' inferences and actions based on a letter grade will not always be appropriate. This study raises a number of issues. Two classes of issues are discussed: those arising from the research findings, and those arising from the methodology of the study. An example of an issue arising from the research findings is that the process of assigning letter grades is problematic. An example of an issue arising from the methodology is that participants do not always interpret questionnaire items in the way they are intended.

Brigden, Susan Rae

1998-12-01

193

Classroom Communication during Fifth-Grade Students' Drawing Lessons: Student-Student and Student-Teacher Conversations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how three different feedback methods and drawing approaches influenced peer interaction among fifth grade students and their communication with the teacher. Suggests that the frequency of different types of talk was influenced by the form of teacher feedback, the drawing approaches used in the lesson, and other contextual factors. (KM)

Kakas, Karen M.

1991-01-01

194

Making the Grade in a Portfolio-Based System: Student Performance and the Student Perspective  

PubMed Central

Assessment is such an integral part of the educational system that we rarely reflect on its value and impact. Portfolios have gained in popularity, but much attention has emphasized the end-user and portfolio assessment. Here we focus on the portfolio creator (the student) and examine whether their educational needs are met with such an assessment method. This study aims to investigate how assessment practices influence classroom performance and the learning experience of the student in a graduate education setting. Studied were 33 medical students at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, a program utilizing a portfolio-based system. The students may elect to simultaneously enroll in a Masters program; however, these programs employ traditional letter grades. Thus creating a unique opportunity to assess 25 portfolio only (P) students and 8 portfolio and grade (PG) students concurrently taking a course that counts for both programs. Classroom performance was measured via a comprehensive evaluation where the PG students scored modestly better (median total scores, 72% P vs. 76% PG). Additionally, a survey was conducted to gain insight into student’s perspective on how assessment method impacts the learning experience. The students in the PG group (those receiving a grade) reported increased stress but greater affirmation and self-assurance regarding their knowledge and skill mastery. Incorporation of such affirmation remains a challenge for portfolio-based systems and an area for investigation and improvement. PMID:23565103

Nowacki, Amy S.

2013-01-01

195

Students' Grades and Ratings of Perceived Effectiveness of Behaviors Influencing Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We studied undergraduate psychology students' grades and their ratings of the helpfulness of behaviors related to good academic performance. On average students desired an AB (3.5 on a 4-point scale) and would have been satisfied with a B; 31% of students expressed satisfaction with a BC or lower. Overall, students averaged a BC final grade, a B…

Perlman, Baron; McCann, Lee I.; Prust, Adam

2007-01-01

196

Reducing Test Anxiety among Third Grade Students through the Implementation of Relaxation Techniques  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to reduce the negative effects that self-perceived levels of test anxiety have on third-grade students. The participants in this study consisted of 177 third-grade students at two Midwestern public elementary schools. Students at one school were taught relaxation techniques, while students at the second school served…

Larson, Heidi A.; El Ramahi, Mera K.; Conn, Steven R.; Estes, Lincoln A.; Ghibellini, Amanda B.

2010-01-01

197

Grade Inflation under the Threat of Students' Nuisance: Theory and Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines a channel, students' nuisance, to explain grade inflation. "Students' nuisance" is defined by "students' pestering the professors for better grades." This paper contains two parts: the game theoretic model and the empirical tests. The model shows that the potential threat of students' nuisance can induce the professors to…

Iris Franz, Wan-Ju

2010-01-01

198

Middle Grades Students' Situation Definitions: Development of a Knowledge-Linking Inventory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to develop the Student Knowledge Linking Instrument (SKLI), an inventory for middle grades students that seeks to understand student knowledge construction processes. This study included 461 fifth and sixth grade students and follows from a series of qualitative studies that were used as a foundation for development…

Schuh, Kathy L.; Kuo, Yi-Lung; Knupp, Tawnya L.

2013-01-01

199

Student and instruction-level predictors of narrative writing in third-grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the student-level and instruction-level predictors of narrative writing fluency and quality. Participants\\u000a included 120 third-grade students from 13 classrooms. Student predictors included measures of reading, handwriting, spelling,\\u000a IQ, grammatical understanding, and gender. Instructional predictors focused on the amount of time allocated to teaching basic\\u000a writing skills and planning skills. Significant predictors of compositional fluency included gender, advanced

Natalie G. Olinghouse

2008-01-01

200

Grade Posting Options in the Student Information System (SIS) Grade posting in the Student Information System (SIS) can be completed in multiple ways  

E-print Network

Grade Posting Options in the Student Information System (SIS) Grade posting in the Student Information System (SIS) can be completed in multiple ways: Use the Faculty Center. Instructors teaching Center for details (https://assist erp.osu.edu/sis/WebHelp/facultycenter/). Post directly in the SIS

Howat, Ian M.

201

Do Students Who Get Low Grades Only in Research Methods Need the Same Help as Students Who Get Low Grades in All Topics in Psychology?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some psychology students achieve high grades in all classes except for research methods (RM). Previous research has usually treated low levels of achievement in RM as a unitary phenomenon, without reference to the grades the student is achieving in other subjects. The present internet survey explored preferences for learning RM in 140 psychology…

Barry, John A.

2012-01-01

202

Is the Persistence of Teacher Effects in Early Grades Larger for Lower-Performing Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the persistence of teacher effects from grade to grade on lower-performing students using data from Project STAR. Teacher effects were computed as residual classroom achievement within schools. Teacher effects in one grade predicted achievement in following grades using quantile regression. Results consistently indicated that all…

Konstantopoulos, Spyros; Sun, Min

2012-01-01

203

Effects of Intensive Reading Intervention for Eighth-Grade Students with Persistently Inadequate Response to Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors report the effects of a yearlong, very small-group, intensive reading intervention for eighth-grade students with serious reading difficulties who had demonstrated low response to intervention (RTI) in both Grades 6 and 7. At the beginning of Grade 6, a cohort of students identified as having reading difficulties were randomized to…

Vaughn, Sharon; Wexler, Jade; Leroux, Audrey; Roberts, Greg; Denton, Carolyn; Barth, Amy; Fletcher, Jack

2012-01-01

204

Educational Orientation and Upward Influence: An Examination of Students' Conversations about Disappointing Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The influence of student attitudes toward learning and grades on their communication with instructors about grades has received limited attention despite its potential implications for learning, performance outcomes, and student-teacher interactions. Participants (N = 194) who discussed a disappointing grade with an instructor completed measures…

Wright, Courtney N.

2012-01-01

205

Increasing Fourth-Grade Students' Proficiency at Solving Mathematical Word Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to identify effective pedagogical strategies to increase 4th grade students' mathematics problem-solving skills. Numerous researchers have looked at mathematics problem solving; however, there is a scarcity of data relating to 4th grade mathematics problem solving proficiency. Fourth grade students at the…

Norford, Jennifer A.

2012-01-01

206

Reproducibility of the School-Based Nutrition Monitoring Questionnaire among Fourth-Grade Students in Texas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess reproducibility of a School-Based Nutrition Monitoring (SBNM) questionnaire for fourth-grade students. Design: Test-retest. Setting: Fourth-grade elementary school classrooms. Participants: Multiethnic fourth-grade students from 2 area school districts (N = 322). Main Outcome Measures: Reproducibility coefficients with time…

Penkilo, Monica; George, Goldy Chacko; Hoelscher, Deanna M.

2008-01-01

207

The Importance of the Ninth Grade on High School Graduation Rates and Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers target 9th grade as the make or break year for completing high school. During the 9th-grade year, many students for the first time have to earn passing grades in core courses, and these core courses are typically some of the toughest and most rigorous academic classes a student must take in high school. Furthermore, the rising use of…

McCallumore, Kyle Megan; Sparapani, Ervin F.

2010-01-01

208

A Quantitative Examination of Grade Configuration and Achievement of Eighth-Grade Students in Georgia on the Mathematics and Reading Criterion-Referenced Competency Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this causal comparative study was to examine effect of the K-8 grade span configuration on the academic achievement of 8th-grade students in the State of Georgia, and to determine the viability of the K-8 grade configuration as a strategy for improving the academic achievement of students at the middle grade levels. This study…

Edwards, Hannah

2012-01-01

209

Grade Discrepancy Project: Can CMS Grade-book Data Improve Student Learning? D. Christopher Brooks, Ph.D.  

E-print Network

on the last day of class increases by 18% as ACT scores increase from 15 to 35. Conversely, the probability of overestimating one's final grade by two (2) letter grades decreases from 34% to 15% as ACT scores increase paired t-tests, that when surveyed on the last day of class undergraduate students expect to receive

Levinson, David M.

210

Consent Form Return Rates for Third-Grade Urban Elementary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To maximize active parent consent form return rates for third-grade minority, urban students enrolled in predominantly low-income elementary schools in Chicago, Ill. Methods: Research staff used a class incentive and class visits to retrieve consent forms from students. Results: Of the 811 third-grade students, 98% returned a form and …

Ji, Peter; Flay, Brian R.; Phil, D.; DuBois, David L.; Brechling, Vanessa; Day, Joseph; Cantillon, Dan

2006-01-01

211

The Improvement of Chronological Perceptions among Fifth Grade Students: A Quasi-Experimental Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is an action research based both on quantitative and qualitative research techniques carried out with a group of fifth grade students in K"r,ehir during the 2003-2004 education year. In the study, the main purpose was to improve historical time concept and chronology perceptions among fifth grade students. Students' interests, reactions…

Simsek, Ahmet

2007-01-01

212

First-Grade Student Retention within a 3-Tier Reading Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

First-grade students from 6 Title I schools participated in this study, which used a response to intervention (RTI) framework to examine the retention of 1st-grade students. Researchers examined reading and behavior data from 3 cohorts of students (1 historical control cohort and 2 cohorts receiving tiered reading instruction) and data gathered…

Murray, Christy S.; Woodruff, Althea L.; Vaughn, Sharon

2010-01-01

213

Student Grade Expectations at Technical College, 2-, and 4-Year Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although students' final course grade expectations have been the focus of several studies, none have looked systematically at students' expectations for grade distributions for the whole class across institutional types, student year in school, and course levels. This study examined such differences as a function of gender, course level,…

McCann, Lee I.; Immel, Kathy R.; Kadah-Ammeter, Tammy L.; Priniski, Stacy J.

2013-01-01

214

Using Standards-Based Grading to Address Students' Strengths and Weaknesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This action research project report uses standard-based grading to address the problem of traditional grades not adequately assessing student content mastery and students' lack of awareness regarding their strengths and weaknesses. Research was conducted by one elementary and two middle school teachers with 158 students between the dates of…

Knaack, Susan; Kreuz, Allie; Zawlocki, Erin

2012-01-01

215

Grade Inflation And Student Individual Differences as Systematic Bias in Faculty Evaluations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The media has recently exposed that grade inllation is a concern for higher education in North America. Grade inflation may be due to consumerism by universities that now compete for students. Keeping students happy (and paying) may have been emphasized more than learning. We review the literature on faculty evaluation and present a model that incorporates students\\

Marie-Line Germain; Terri A. Scandura

216

Examining Eighth Grade Kuwaiti Students' Recognition and Interpretation of Reasonable Answers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research documents Kuwaiti eighth grade students' performance in recognizing reasonable answers and the strategies they used to determine reasonableness. The results from over 200 eighth grade students show they were generally unable to recognize reasonable answers. Students' performance was consistently low across all three number domains…

Alajmi, Amal Hussain; Reys, Robert

2010-01-01

217

Do Student Evaluations of Teaching Depend on the Distribution of Expected Grade?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research suggests that student evaluations of teaching may depend on the average grade expected in a class. We hypothesize that, because of risk aversion, student ratings also depend on the distribution of expected grades. As predicted, student ratings at the University of Puerto Rico at Bayamon are significantly and negatively related to…

Matos-Diaz, Horacio; Ragan, James F., Jr.

2010-01-01

218

Keeping Students in School: An Art Therapy Program to Benefit Ninth-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a pilot study in which art therapy was integrated into the ninth-grade English classroom (N=50) of an urban high school. Data from three measures (to reduce drop-out rates, decrease school failure, and improve students' attitudes about school, family, and self) indicate that the program was a success. (RJM)

Rosal, Marcia L.; McCulloch-Vislisel, Sue; Neece, Susan

1997-01-01

219

Effects of Intensive Reading Intervention for Eighth-Grade Students With Persistently Inadequate Response to Intervention  

PubMed Central

The authors report the effects of a yearlong, very small-group, intensive reading intervention for eighth-grade students with serious reading difficulties who had demonstrated low response to intervention (RTI) in both Grades 6 and 7. At the beginning of Grade 6, a cohort of students identified as having reading difficulties were randomized to treatment or comparison conditions. Treatment group students received researcher-provided reading intervention in Grade 6, which continued in Grade 7 for those with low response to intervention; comparison students received no researcher-provided intervention. Participants in the Grade 8 study were members of the original treatment (N = 28) and comparison (N = 13) conditions who had failed to pass a state-mandated reading comprehension test in both Grades 6 and 7. In Grade 8, treatment group students received a 50-minute, daily, individualized, intensive reading intervention in groups of two to four students per teacher. The results showed that students in the treatment condition demonstrated significantly higher scores than comparison students on standardized measures of comprehension (effect size = 1.20) and word identification (effect size = 0.49), although most continued to lack grade-level proficiency in reading despite 3 years of intervention. Findings from this study provide a rationale for intensive intervention for middle school students with severe reading difficulties. PMID:21512102

Vaughn, Sharon; Wexler, Jade; Leroux, Audrey; Roberts, Greg; Denton, Carolyn; Barth, Amy; Fletcher, Jack

2013-01-01

220

The Effects of a Token Economy on First Grade Students Inappropriate Social Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies the effectiveness of a token economy on specific inappropriate social behaviors of three first grade students. Suggests that token economy systems can be very effective in decreasing disruptive behaviors of primary aged students. (MG)

Shook, Suzan C.; And Others

1990-01-01

221

Prematriculation Program Grades as Predictors of Black and Other Nontraditional Students' First-Year Academic Performances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study explored predictors of African-American and other nontraditional medical students' first-year academic performance at the Medical College of Georgia. Variables included undergraduate grades and grades in a summer prematriculation program (SPP) featuring biochemistry, anatomy, and immunology courses. SPP grades were found useful in…

Hesser, Al; Lewis, Lloyd

1992-01-01

222

Estimating the Impact of Relative Expected Grade on Student Evaluations of Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grade inflation over the past few decades has been a concern for many universities. Course evaluation scores are known to be positively correlated with students' expected grades, and this paper tests whether or not there is an incentive for the instructor to "buy" higher evaluation scores by inflating grades. To test this hypothesis, I use unique…

Ewing, Andrew M.

2012-01-01

223

Texas School Survey of Substance Use among Students on the Border, 1998: Grades 4-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of a survey on drug and alcohol use among students in elementary and secondary schools. Schools in 15 counties along the Texas-Mexico border were oversampled so that substance use among students could be looked at in detail. A total of 63,292 students (grades 7-12) and 43,915 students (grades 4-6) were sampled.…

Maxwell, Jane Carlisle; Wallisch, Lynn S.

224

Academic Self-Efficacy, Faculty-Student Interactions, and Student Characteristics as Predictors of Grade Point Average  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to explore student characteristics, academic self-efficacy, and faculty-student interactions as predictors of grade point average for upper-division (college level third and fourth year) education students at a public 4-year degree-granting community college. The study examined the effects of student characteristics…

Gosnell, Joan C.

2012-01-01

225

A Situative Metaphor for Teacher Learning: The Case of University Tutors Learning to Grade Student Coursework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the continuing concern about academic standards in the higher education sector a great deal of emphasis has been placed on quality assurance procedures rather than on considering how university tutors learn to grade the quality of work produced by students. As part of a larger research project focused on how tutors grade student coursework,…

Boyd, Pete; Bloxham, Sue

2014-01-01

226

Early Grade Retention and Student Success: Evidence from Los Angeles. Technical Appendices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report uses administrative data provided by the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) on kindergarten to third-grade students. The records begin with kindergartners in 2001, first-graders in 2002, second-graders in 2003, and third-graders in 2004 and include all LAUSD students in grades K-3 for 2004 to 2008. Altogether, the raw data…

Cannon, Jill S.; Lipscomb, Stephen

2011-01-01

227

Mathematical Concept Attainment of Sixth Grade Students in Relation to Their Cognitive Styles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An investigation of the relationship of the analytic/non-analytic and the reflective/impulsive cognitive styles of sixth grade students and their use of focusing strategies on a concept attainment task in mathematics was conducted. Fifty-one sixth grade students were identified as reflective or impulsive according to their performance on the…

Pendleton, Julienne Marie Kesmodel

228

Families of Children with Disabilities: Findings from a National Sample of Eighth-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family demographics of 8th-grade students with visual impairments (n=89), hearing impairments (n=105), deafness (n=29), and orthopedic impairments (n=60) were compared to those of 22,368 additional U.S. 8th-grade students. Analysis revealed that families of children with disabilities showed higher percentages of divorce or separation, lower family…

Hodapp, Robert M.; Krasner, Diane V.

1995-01-01

229

A Comparison of the Functional Reading Levels of Selected Third Grade Students of Varying Reading Abilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare the results obtained from a cloze test with the results obtained from an informal reading inventory in establishing the functional reading levels of selected third grade students of varying reading abilities. The subjects consisted of 100 third grade students. The following tests are given: the…

Hodges, Elaine Joy

230

Facilitating Conceptual Change in Ninth Grade Students' Understanding of Human Circulatory System Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the conceptual change text oriented instruction over traditionally designed instruction on ninth grade students' understanding of the human circulatory system concepts, and their retention of this understanding. The subjects of this study consist of 73 ninth grade female students

Alkhawaldeh, Salem A.

2007-01-01

231

Grades and Graduation: A Longitudinal Risk Perspective to Identify Student Dropouts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies of student risk of school dropout have shown that present predictors of at-risk status do not accurately identify a large percentage of students who eventually drop out. Through the analysis of the entire Grade 1-12 longitudinal cohort-based grading histories of the class of 2006 for two school districts in the United States, the author…

Bowers, Alex J.

2010-01-01

232

Improving the Reading Performance of Fifth-Grade Students through an Afterschool Reading Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This applied dissertation was designed to evaluate improving the reading performance of fifth-grade students through an afterschool reading program to determine whether it was effective in teaching Native American and English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL). This study compared the reading performance of fifth-grade students who struggle…

Joseph, Rosnel L.

2012-01-01

233

Problem-Based Learning in the Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh Grades: Assessment of Students' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of students' characteristics (gender, age, and first-language spoken at home) on their perceptions about problem-based learning (PBL). The study revealed that students from the fifth, sixth and seventh grades perceived PBL in a positive way but there were significant differences between the grades. The resources…

Azer, Samy A.

2009-01-01

234

Students' Attitudes toward School Chemistry: The Effect of Interaction between Gender and Grade Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of interaction between gender and grade level on secondary school students' attitudes toward chemistry as a school subject. The sample is composed of 197 students across Grades 9 to 11. The Attitude Scale Toward Chemistry, developed by Geban & Ertepinar (1994), is used to collect data.…

Belge Can, Hatice

2012-01-01

235

Grade 4 to 8 Primary School Students' Attitudes towards Science: Science Enthusiasm  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to investigate the grades 4 to 8 students' attitudes towards science under the "liking school", "independent investigator" and "what I really think of science" titles. The affect of gender, grade level and science achievement on students' attitudes was analysed in "liking school", "independent investigator", "science…

Kirikkaya, Esma Bulus

2011-01-01

236

Grade Inflation and Student Individual Differences as Systematic Bias in Faculty Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The media has recently exposed that grade inflation is a concern for higher education in North America. Grade inflation may be due to consumerism by universities that now compete for students. Keeping students happy (and paying) may have been emphasized more than learning. We review the literature on faculty evaluation and present a model that…

Germain, Marie-Line; Scandura, Terri A.

2005-01-01

237

Comparison of Self-Reported and Measured Height and Weight in Eighth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to evaluate the relationships between self-reported and measured height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) in a sample of eighth-grade students. The study population consisted of eighth-grade students in eastern North Carolina who completed a cross-sectional survey, self-reported their height and weight, and had their…

Morrissey, Susan L.; Whetstone, Lauren M.; Cummings, Doyle M.; Owen, Lynda J.

2006-01-01

238

Student views on criterion-referenced assessment and grading in Swedish physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The pedagogical and status implications of assessment in physical education (PE) have been recognised in the past. How students perceive being assessed and graded is a neglected area, however. While some studies have garnered students' perceptions of assessment when no grade is awarded or the stakes are relatively low, we know less about how assessment in physical education is

Karin Redelius; Peter J. Hay

2011-01-01

239

Student views on criterion-referenced assessment and grading in Swedish physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The pedagogical and status implications of assessment in physical education (PE) have been recognised in the past. How students perceive being assessed and graded is a neglected area, however. While some studies have garnered students' perceptions of assessment when no grade is awarded or the stakes are relatively low, we know less about how assessment in physical education is

Karin Redelius; Peter J. Hay

2012-01-01

240

Healthcare Students' Perceptions of Electronic Feedback through GradeMark®  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the findings from a study undertaken to explore students' perceptions of the timeliness, accessibility, consistency, and quality of feedback and grading received electronically. The system used was GradeMark®, an electronic tool available through the plagiarism software provider, Turnitin®. 296 students from the Schools…

Watkins, Diane; Dummer, Paul; Hawthorne, Kamila; Cousins, Judy; Emmett, Catherine; Johnson, Mike

2014-01-01

241

Incentives: The Effects on Reading Attitude and Reading Behaviors of Third-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether third grade literacy students who receive incentive rewards as part of their instruction will exhibit significantly higher reading habits and attitudes toward recreational reading than they did before the incentives were introduced. The study examined 19 third grade students with fairly high…

Stanfield, Gayle M.

2006-01-01

242

Student Views on Criterion-Referenced Assessment and Grading in Swedish Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The pedagogical and status implications of assessment in physical education (PE) have been recognised in the past. How students perceive being assessed and graded is a neglected area, however. While some studies have garnered students' perceptions of assessment when no grade is awarded or the stakes are relatively low, we know less…

Redelius, Karin; Hay, Peter J.

2012-01-01

243

Grading and Reporting in a Standards-Based Environment: Implications for Students with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers at all levels of education today struggle in their efforts to assign fair, accurate, and meaningful grades to students with disabilities, especially those placed in general education classrooms. Lacking specific policies or recommendations, most teachers apply informal, individual grading adaptations for such students. Although these…

Jung, Lee Ann; Guskey, Thomas R.

2009-01-01

244

A Correlational Study of the Relationship between Student Characteristics and the Practice of Grade Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to determine if a relationship exists between student characteristics and the practice of grade retention. Specifically, student characteristics include gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, early birth date, and students who are English Language Learners (ELL). The student sample included 1,187 participants from a large…

Hill, Daya D.

2010-01-01

245

An Analysis of Writing Dispositions of 6th Grade Students in Terms of Different Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was conducted with an aim to analyze the writing dispositions of the 6th grade students in terms of different variables. The research was carried out based on the descriptive survey model. The participants of the research are composed of a total of 672 students as 342 male students and 330 female students from Ankara, Balikesir,…

Tabak, Gurkan; Topuzkanamis, Ersoy

2014-01-01

246

The Effects of a Water Conservation Instructional Unit on the Values Held by Sixth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixth grade students were divided into two groups. Students in one group received instruction on water conservation using expository and discovery activities. The students in the control group received none. Results gave evidence that students' values could be changed by this mode of water conservation instruction. (MA)

Aird, Andrew; Tomera, Audrey

1977-01-01

247

Concerns About Ninth-Grade Students' Poor Academic Performance: One School's Action Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Survey of high school teachers' and students' concerns about the academic performance of incoming 9th grade students. Finds teachers' major areas of concerns are time management, motivation, and homework. Students' greatest concerns are study habits, self-regulation, and test anxiety. Used survey results to develop strategies to improve student

Fulk, Barbara M.

2003-01-01

248

Increasing Prosocial Behavior of Elementary Students in Grades K-6 through a Conflict Resolution Management Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A practicum was implemented to increase prosocial behavior of students in grades K-6 through a conflict resolution management program. The objectives of the intervention were to: (1) reduce student discipline referrals for antisocial behavior; (2) increase student conflict resolution scores; and (3) increase the prosocial behavior of students.…

Satchel, Brenda B.

249

Understanding nursing students' perspectives on the grading of group work assessments.  

PubMed

Grading group work assessments so that students perceive the grade to be fair to all group members is sometimes challenging. This is particularly important in a higher education environment that is increasingly concerned with student perceptions of teaching quality and satisfaction. This article reports on research that compared undergraduate nursing students perceptions of two different approaches to the grading of group work assessment. A survey design was used to identify students' perspectives and preferences for different group work assessment methods. Participants were undergraduate bachelor of nursing students from a large, metropolitan university in Australia. Data analysis indicated that the perceptions of students around group work assessments changed little as they progressed across the program, although students who had experienced the calculation of individual grades for a group assessment preferred this approach. Many believed the grading of group assessments penalised good students and were less reliable than individual assessments. Students maintained the belief that teamwork skills were essential for the registered nurse role. In conclusion group work assessment should only be used when it is the best assessment method to demonstrate student learning of specific objectives. The weighted mark approach is the group work assessment grading approach of choice. PMID:23958079

Smith, Morgan; Rogers, John

2014-03-01

250

Timing and Duration of Student Participation in Special Education in the Primary Grades. Issue Brief. NCES 2007-043  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Issue Brief reports the timing of entry into special education and the number of grades in which students receive special education across the primary grades. About 12 percent of students receive special education in at least one of the grades: kindergarten, first, and third grade, including 16 percent of boys, 8 percent of girls, 18 percent…

Holt, Emily W.; McGrath, Daniel J.; Herring, William L.

2007-01-01

251

SUPERSTARS III: 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SUPERSTARS III is a K-8 program designed as an enrichment opportunity for self-directed learners in mathematics. The basic purpose of SUPERSTARS III is to provide the extra challenge that self-motivated students need in mathematics and to do so in a structured, long-term program that does not impinge on the normal classroom routine or the…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Education, Raleigh.

252

Testing the Efficacy of "INSIGHTS" on Student Disruptive Behavior, Classroom Management, and Student Competence in Inner City Primary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A prevention trial tested the efficacy of "INSIGHTS into Children's Temperament" as compared to a Read Aloud attention control condition in reducing student disruptive behavior and enhancing student competence and teacher classroom management. Participants included 116 first and second grade students, their parents, and their 42 teachers in six…

McClowry, Sandra Graham; Snow, David L.; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Rodriguez, Eileen T.

2010-01-01

253

Testing the Efficacy of INSIGHTS on Student Disruptive Behavior, Classroom Management, and Student Competence in Inner City Primary Grades  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Author(s) 2009. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com Abstract A prevention trial tested the efficacy of INSIGHTS into Children's Temperament as compared to a Read Aloud attention control condition in reducing student disruptive behavior and enhancing student competence and teacher classroom management. Participants included 116 first and second grade students, their parents, and their 42 teachers

Sandra Graham; L. Snow; Catherine S. Tamis-LeMondaEileen; T. Rodriguez

254

Concept Mapping in Science Class: A Case Study of Fifth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research project was to determine the effects of incorporating concept mapping on the achievement of fifth grade students in science class. The study was conducted with twenty-three students at Ata Elementary School, Trabzon, Turkey. The students were tested with teacher-constructed pre- and post tests containing 20…

Asan, Askin

2007-01-01

255

Influence of Study Group Attendance and Students' Perceived Helpfulness on Expected Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the association between the number of study group sessions a student attends, the student's attitude toward these sessions, and expected grade for the class. Seven hundred and two students participated in the study, 30% of whom never attended a study group session. Of the remaining 70% who did participate, 24% attended five or…

Plecha, Michelle

256

Improving the Performance of Sixth-Grade Social Studies Students through Exposure to Philosophy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An applied dissertation was designed to improve the performance of sixth-grade social studies students based on content-area work and teacher-made tests. Teachers used difficult, low-level, performance-based assessment methods to identify student achievement. This indicated that students possessed very limited opportunities to think beyond the…

Stabile, Chris

257

Coffee Can Speakers: Amazing Energy Transformers--Fifth-Grade Students Learn the Science behind Speakers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors describe steps on how to develop a high-impact activity in which students build, test, and improve their own "coffee can" speakers to observe firsthand how loudspeakers work to convert electrical energy to sound. The activity is appropriate for students in grades three to six and lends itself best to students

Wise, Kevin; Haake, Monica

2007-01-01

258

8th Grade Physical Science Units Modified for ESOL Students, Middle School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A packet of supplementary materials for eighth grade science instruction for limited-English-proficient students is intended for beginning and intermediate students of English as a second language (ESOL). It contains worksheets and activities designed to increase student participation, challenge them within their language ability, create positive…

Waynant, Louise F.

259

Children's Perceptions of Parental Attitude Affecting Breakfast Skipping in Primary Sixth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Breakfast skipping is an international public health concern. This study investigated the prevalence of breakfast skipping among primary sixth-grade students in Hong Kong and the impact of students' perceptions of parental attitudes on breakfast skipping. Methods: A total of 426 students aged 10-14 years in 4 local schools participated…

Cheng, Tereza Sy; Tse, Lap Ah; Yu, Ignatius Tak-Sun; Griffiths, Sian

2008-01-01

260

Successful Transition from Eighth to Ninth Grade Mathematics Classes: Perceptions of Students and Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to use the current body of literature to solicit views of students and teachers regarding the distinguishable characteristics that students must possess which allow for a successful transition from eighth to ninth grade mathematics classes. A determination of which factors students and teachers believe have the most…

Moore, Benjamin Thomas

2012-01-01

261

Reforming the Eighth-Grade Student Assignment Process for the Philadelphia Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The eighth grade student assignment project, an initiative of the School District of Philadelphia, assigns students to high school academic programs based on student preferences, academic preparation, program capacity, and desegregation requirements. These programs, called small learning communities (SLCs), emphasize areas such as design and…

Johnson, Michael P.

262

Knowing Your Market: How Working Students Balance Work, Grades and Course Load.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 128 college students found that working students use sophisticated methods for balancing their grades, courseload, and workload. It is proposed that, if colleges and universities understand how this happens, they can serve this important market segment better and benefit from more positive student perceptions of the institution. (MSE)

Henke, John W., Jr.; And Others

1993-01-01

263

Reading Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities in the Upper Elementary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For students with learning disabilities, the upper elementary grades may represent a unique opportunity to provide successful remediation for lessening a reading difficulty and preventing students with learning disabilities from falling behind in other content areas. This article discusses effective reading interventions for students with learning…

Wanzek, Jeanne; Kent, Shawn C.

2012-01-01

264

Exploring Second Grade Student Engagement before and after MINDS-In-Motion, MAZE  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study resulted from monitoring and observing the engagement of five second grade students both before and after participating in a sensory integration movement process known as "MINDS-In-Motion", MAZE. The purpose of this action research study was to explore student engagement and purposeful movement of students utilizing "MINDS-In-Motion",…

Schnieders-Laber, Dawn T.

2011-01-01

265

Fifth Grade Students' Understanding of Ratio and Proportion in an Engineering Robotics Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research described in this dissertation explores the impact of utilizing a LEGO-robotics integrated engineering and mathematics program to support fifth grade students' learning of ratios and proportion in an extracurricular program. The research questions guiding this research study were (1) how do students' test results compare for students

Ortiz, Araceli Martinez

2010-01-01

266

Acids and Bases: The Appropriation of the Arrhenius Model by Tunisian Grade 10 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this work, we propose to identify the knowledge that Tunisian grade 10 students build up concerning acids and bases. Thus, after learning, we have proceeded by giving a paper and pencil task to students of two levels of teaching. The results obtained allow us to say that the assimilated knowledge is transitory; that the students have a worse…

Ouertatani, Latifa; Dumon, Alain; Trabelsi, Malika Ayadi; Soudani, Mohamed

2007-01-01

267

Elementary School Computer Access, Socioeconomic Status, Ethnicity, and Grade 5 Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the current school computer access rates of elementary school students and to determine the extent to which school computer access relates to academic achievement among Grade 5 students in the state of Texas. Specifically, the relationship of school computer access to student passing rates on the…

Barrett, Julie Ann

2013-01-01

268

Strengthening Grade 3-5 Students' Foundational Knowledge of Rational Numbers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: American students have done poorly in algebra and that has generated policy concerns about preparing students for STEM careers. There has been growing recognition that the algebra problem may begin in earlier grades when students do not adequately master rational numbers. Purpose: The study provided a series of workshops organized…

Good, Thomas L.; Wood, Marcy B.; Sabers, Darrell; Olson, Amy M.; Lavigne, Alyson Leah; Sun, Huaping; Kalinec-Craig, Crystal

2013-01-01

269

7th Grade Life Science Units Modified for ESOL Students--Middle School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A set of supplemental materials for teaching grade 7 life sciences to beginning and intermediate students of English as a second language (ESL) includes an introductory section on teaching the ESL student and six instructional units. The introductory section discusses the special classroom needs and characteristics of the ESL student and provides…

Bernache, Carolyn; Jones, Jacqueline

270

Effect of a Graphing Calculator on a 10th-Grade Student's Study of Trigonometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author investigated the patterns of 1 student's mathematical thinking processes and described the nature of the learning experience that the student encountered in trigonometry as he engaged in independent explorations within an interactive technology environment. This qualitative case study was guided by the work of B. Bloom (1956), L. Burton (1984), and L. Colgan (1992). A 10th-grade student who

Sang Sook Choi-koh

2003-01-01

271

The Effect of Departmentalization on the Reading Achievement of Sixth-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined whether departmentalization affected the reading achievement of sixth-grade students attending a Chicago public school. A random sample of 30 students was chosen from a group of 53 who received instruction in a departmentalized program. A second random sample of 30 was selected from a total of 54 students who received instruction…

Harris, Mary B.

272

The Benefits of Departmentalization in Upper Elementary Grades for Students and Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addressed the benefits of departmentalization in upper elementary grades for students and teachers. The variables of gender and classroom structure (departmentalized versus self-contained) were considered for student participants (n = 125). Results for students were evaluated on pre-test and post-test data using the following measures:…

Johnson, Malissa Lee

2013-01-01

273

Instructional Communication Predictors of Ninth-Grade Students' Affective Learning in Math and Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine how students' perceptions of their teachers' instructional communication behaviors were related to their affective learning in math and science. A survey was used to collect perceptions from 497 ninth-grade students. The following conclusions were yielded from the data: (1) students' perceptions of their…

Mottet, Timothy P.; Garza, Ruben; Beebe, Steven A.; Houser, Marian L.; Jurrells, Summer; Furler, Lisa

2008-01-01

274

Food Insecurity among Community College Students: Prevalence and Association with Grade Point Average  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the prevalence of food insecurity among community college students (N = 301) and the relationship between food insecurity and student grade point average (GPA). It employed a cross-sectional intercept survey, utilizing the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Household Food Security Survey Module, student self-reported…

Maroto, Maya E.; Snelling, Anastasia; Linck, Henry

2015-01-01

275

The Influence of Circadian Type, Time of Day and Class Difficulty on Students' Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: In this paper we investigate how students' class grades are affected by individual differences in circadian rhythm, class time-of-day and class difficulty. Method: Using a sample of university students, we assessed morningness and eveningness personality type, and then obtained students recalled classes as well as their…

McElroy, Todd; Mosteller, Lynn

2006-01-01

276

Perceptions of Teaching as a Career by Bahamian Grade 12 Students in College-Preparatory Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A questionnaire was administered to 1403 twelfth grade students in the Bahamas who were described as potentially eligible to pursue college-level work leading to teacher certification. Student opinions were sought on teacher training programs at the College of the Bahamas, conditions of teaching employment, characteristics of students in secondary…

Enger, John M.

277

Poetry Performances and Academic Identity Negotiations in the Literacy Experiences of Seventh Grade Language Arts Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study explores seventh grade students' experiences with writing and performing poetry. Teacher and student interviews along with class observations provide insight into how the teacher and students viewed spoken word poetry and identity. The researcher recommends practices for the teaching of critical literacy using spoken word and…

Smith, Ann Marie

2010-01-01

278

Using Dynamic Geometry Software to Improve Eight Grade Students' Understanding of Transformation Geometry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effect of dynamic geometry software (DGS) on students' learning of transformation geometry. A pre- and post-test quasi-experimental design was used. Participants in the study were 68 eighth grade students (36 in the experimental group and 32 in the control group). While the experimental group students were studying the…

Guven, Bulent

2012-01-01

279

Are You Convinced? Middle-Grade Students' Evaluations of Mathematical Arguments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students learn norms of proving by observing teachers generating proofs, engaging in proving, and generalizing features of proofs deemed convincing by an authority, such as a textbook. Students at all grade levels have difficulties generating valid proof; however, little research exists on students' understandings about what makes a…

Bieda, Kristen N.; Lepak, Jerilynn

2014-01-01

280

Rubrics as a Mitigating Instrument for Bias in the Grading of Student Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The practice of grading student writing often seems arbitrary and unfair to students. It is important to students and educators that writing is fairly and accurately assessed in order to facilitate demonstrable improvement in their composition. This research addressed a specific writing rubric as a method to mitigate implicit or subconscious…

Gerritson, Michael

2013-01-01

281

An Exploration Into Teacher and Student Arithmetic Attitude at Grades 3, 5, and 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussed is a research study comparing the relationship between the attitudes toward arithmetic of students and their teachers in grades 3, 5, and 6. The subjects were 1022 students and 39 teachers in a middle-class area in the northeastern section of Cleveland, Ohio. The students and their teachers were given a 28 item attitude toward arithmetic…

Anttonen, Ralph G.; Deighan, William

282

Impact of Student Calculator Use on the 2013 NAEP Twelfth-Grade Mathematics Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This descriptive research study examined 2013 NAEP 12th-grade mathematics scores by students' use of graphing calculators in math classes and the kind of calculator students used during NAEP assessment. NAEP Data Explorer analysis included two questions from Student Factors: How often do you use these different kinds of calculators in math…

Klecker, Beverly M.; Klecker, Richard L.

2014-01-01

283

Peer Contexts: Do Old for Grade and Retained Peers Influence Student Behavior in Middle School?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Many school systems have ended social promotion by implementing accountability systems where students who fail academic assessments are retained in grade. Additionally, some parents have delayed their children's entry into school, believing that older students have an advantage. While research has examined outcomes for students

Muschkin, Clara G.; Glennie, Elizabeth; Beck, Audrey N.

2014-01-01

284

Grade Inflation under the Threat of Students' Nuisance: Theory and Evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines a channel, students’ nuisance, to explain grade inflation. “Students’ nuisance†is defined by “students’ pestering the professors for better grades.†This paper contains two parts: the game theoretic model and the empirical tests. The model shows that the potential threat of students’ nuisance can induce the professors to inflate grades. Ceteris paribus, a student is more likely

Wan-Ju Iris Franz

2007-01-01

285

Parental Involvement and Student Motivation: A Quantitative Study of the Relationship between Student Goal Orientation and Student Perceptions of Parental Involvement among 5th Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine a possible relationship between student perceptions of parental involvement and student goal orientation for an ethnically diverse fifth grade elementary population from high-poverty schools. This study was quantitative in nature and employed the Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scales (PALS) to assess the…

Mendoza, Christine Daryabigi

2012-01-01

286

A Preliminary Study of Bully and Victim Behavior in Old-for-Grade Students: Another Potential Hidden Cost of Grade Retention or Delayed School Entry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mounting evidence suggests that being an old-for-grade student, as a result of grade retention or delayed school entry, is related to negative outcomes across various domains of functioning. No known study has examined the relations between old-for-grade status and specific childhood/adolescent bully and victim behaviors. The first purpose of this…

Crothers, Laura M.; Schreiber, James B.; Schmitt, Ara J.; Bell, G. Ronald; Blasik, Jessica; Comstock, Leigh A.; Greisler, Michael J.; Keener, Dana; King, Jamie M.; Lipinski, John

2010-01-01

287

Longitudinal Investigation of Elementary Students' Science Academic Achievement in 4-8th Grades: Grade Level and Gender Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the change of the science academic achievement by grade level and gender where 222 elementary students' science and technology course scores between the 4th and 8th grades and science success percentages in 6th and 8th grades Level Determination Exam were longitudinally analyzed. Based on the findings of this study,…

Bursal, Murat

2013-01-01

288

The Use of Fuzzy Theory in Grading of Students in Math  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of computer science, statistics and other technological fields, give us more opportunities to improve the process of evaluation of degree of knowledge and achievements in a learning process of our students. More and more we are relying on the computer software to guide us in the grading process. An improved way of grading can help…

Bjelica, Momcilo; Rankovic, Dragica

2010-01-01

289

Can First and Second Grade Students Benefit from an Alcohol Use Prevention Program?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Protecting You/Protecting Me (PY/PM) is a classroombased, alcohol use prevention and vehicle safety program for elementary students from first through fifth grades developed by Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD). PY/PM is one of the first alcohol prevention programs to target children as early as first grade. The focus of this study is on the…

Bell, Mary Lou; Padget, Alison; Kelley-Baker, Tara; Rider, Raamses

2007-01-01

290

Improving Reading, Writing, and Content Learning for Students in Grades 4-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In contrast to the primary grades when children are learning to read, students in grades 4 through 12 are expected to learn content as they read, yet they may still struggle with reading basics. This book provides a realistic and systematic process for improving reading and writing while enhancing content knowledge and skills. Based on proven…

Taylor, Rosemarye T.

2006-01-01

291

Minimum Reading Fluency Necessary for Comprehension among Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examined the relationship between oral reading fluency (ORF) and reading comprehension for students in second grade. A total of 84 participants were randomly assigned to one of four conditions that involved reading a grade-appropriate passage with either 0%, 10%, 20%, or 30% scrambled words and answering subsequent comprehension…

Burns, Matthew K.; Kwoka, Heather; Lim, Becky; Crone, Melissa; Haegele, Katherine; Parker, David C.; Petersen, Shawna; Scholin, Sarah E.

2011-01-01

292

The Effectiveness of the Touch Math Program with Fourth and Fifth Grade Special Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The math achievement of third and fourth grade special education students has been identified as an area of concern within a public school located in a small rural town located on the east coast. The purpose of this action research study was to investigate whether or not the Touch Math strategy increased the math ability of third and fourth grade

Green, Nora D.

2009-01-01

293

TA Orientation 2004 Activity 15a. How to Grade Student Laboratory Reports  

E-print Network

TA Orientation 2004 Activity 15a. How to Grade Student Laboratory Reports Page 145 How to Grade along closely. #12;TA Orientation 2004 Activity 15a (continued) #12;TA Orientation 2004 Activity 15a (continued) #12;TA Orientation 2004 Activity 15a (continued) #12;TA Orientation 2004 Activity 15a (continued

Minnesota, University of

294

Grade-Aligned Math Instruction for Secondary Students with Moderate Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of grade-aligned math instruction on math skill acquisition of four middle schools with moderate intellectual disability. Teachers were trained to follow a task analysis to teach grade-aligned math to middle school students using adapted math problem stories and graphic organizers. The teacher…

Browder, Diane M.; Jimenez, Bree A.; Trela, Katherine

2012-01-01

295

Increasing Word Recognition with Racially Diverse Second-Grade Students Using Fluency-Oriented Reading Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examined the effectiveness of 2 fluency-oriented reading programs on improving reading fluency for an ethnically diverse sample of second-grade students. The first approach is Fluency-Oriented Reading Instruction (S. A. Stahl & K. Heubach, 2005), which incorporates the repeated reading of a grade-level text over the course of an…

Turner, Franklin Dickerson

2012-01-01

296

Grading Scheme for Veterinary Student Performance in Pass-Fail Didactic Surgery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A retrospective study was performed to evaluate a satisfactory/unsatisfactory (S/U) grading scheme in a didactic surgery laboratory during the first 3 years of implementation (2002-2004) and identify areas for improvement that might be adapted to this course or similar courses. Each instructor graded six students per session by assigning a…

Mann, F. A.; March, Zachary; Tomlinson, James L.; Pope, Eric R.; Cook, James L.; Wagner-Mann, Colette C.; Yoon, Hun-Young

2009-01-01

297

Social Skills of First-Grade Primary School Students and Pre-School Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the level of social skills of the first-grade primary school students who received preschool education and not. The sample group of the study consists of 521 children studying in the first grade of primary schools in Turkish provinces of Ankara, Kars, Malatya, Igdir, Samsun, Mersin, Gaziantep, Karabuk,…

Gulay, Hulya; Akman, Berrin; Kargi, Eda

2011-01-01

298

Post-Secondary Transitions in Alberta: Educational Outcomes of 1999/2000 Grade 12 Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document analyzes and reports on the 1999-2000 grade 12 cohort entering Alberta postsecondary institutions in the fall of 2000. Almost 75% of all applications by grade 12 students to postsecondary institutions in the province resulted in offers of admissions for the 2000-2001 school year, and more than three-quarters of these offers were…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

299

Testing the Efficacy of INSIGHTS on Student Disruptive Behavior, Classroom Management, and Student Competence in Inner City Primary Grades  

Microsoft Academic Search

A prevention trial tested the efficacy of INSIGHTS into Children’s Temperament as compared to a Read Aloud attention control condition in reducing student disruptive behavior and enhancing student competence\\u000a and teacher classroom management. Participants included 116 first and second grade students, their parents, and their 42 teachers\\u000a in six inner city schools. Teachers completed the Sutter-Eyberg Student Behavior Inventory (SESBI)

Sandra Graham McClowry; David L. Snow; Catherine S. Tamis-LeMonda; Eileen T. Rodriguez

2010-01-01

300

4th Grade Students Investigate Electric Circuits Through Construction and Illustration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As an activity related to FOSS unit Magnetism and Electricity, 4th grade science students use a computer download to explore electrical circuits and to generate illustrations of electrical circuits for physical models built in class

301

Mathematics for the Elementary School, Grade 6, Student's Text, Part I, Unit No. 33. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is part one of a two-part SMSG mathematics text for sixth-grade students. Chapter topics include: Exponents; Multiplication of Rational Numbers; Side and Angle Relationships of Triangles; Introducing the Integers; and Coordinates. (MK)

Beatty, Leslie; And Others

302

11th Grade Students' English Reading Motivation, Language Problems and Reading Achievement in Taiwan  

E-print Network

’ English reading motivation and its relationship with perceived language problems and reading achievement. 302 11th grade students from an urban district in southern Taiwan participated in the study. Measures included an English reading comprehension...

Su, Jung-Hsuan

2012-07-16

303

Grade 1 Students Meet David Wiesner's "Three Pigs."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the oral, written, and visual arts responses of a group of Grade 1 children. Discusses first grade children's understandings of and responses to several Radical Change characteristics and metafictive techniques found in David Wiesner's "The Three Pigs" (2001), the 2002 Randolph Caldecott Medal winner. Explores the nature of the literary…

Pantaleo, Sylvia

2002-01-01

304

Reproducibility of a School-Based Nutrition Monitoring Questionnaire in Fourth Grade Elementary School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessment of nutrition-related behaviors is dependent on the development of reliable instruments. The objective of this study was to assess the reliability of a School-Based Nutrition Monitoring (SBNM) Questionnaire for 4th grade elementary school students using a test-retest study design. The study population included 322 fourth grade students from 2 school districts in the Houston area. To assess test-retest reproducibility,

M. A. Phillips; D. H. Montgomery

1998-01-01

305

The Relationship between Curriculum-Based Measures in Oral Reading Fluency and High-Stakes Tests for Seventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between oral reading fluency and performance on a statewide reading achievement test for middle grades students. Participants in this study were 75 seventh grade students. One month before the students were administered the state test, each student read three probes from their current…

Hunley, Sawyer A.; Davies, Susan C.; Miller, Christina R.

2013-01-01

306

Attitudes toward chemistry among 11th grade students in high schools in Greece  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of valid and reliable instruments for attitudes' measurement has been proven crucial for the quality of research. This study is dealing with the development and validation of an attitude toward chemistry instrument. By using this instrument, 11th grade Greek students' attitudes regarding the difficulty, the interest, the usefulness of chemistry course, and the importance of chemistry were investigated. Gender and study specialization differences in students' attitudes toward chemistry were examined for this population. Report card grades for the chemistry course were used to measure students' achievement in chemistry and its correlation with students' attitudes toward chemistry was explored.

Salta, Katerina; Tzougraki, Chryssa

2004-07-01

307

Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. A Large-Scale Study of Middle Grades Practices and Student Outcomes. Technical Appendix B  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This appendix focuses on the descriptive statistics of the middle study schools that participated in the "Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades: Why Some Schools Do Better. A Large-Scale Study of Middle Grades Practices and Student Outcomes. Initial Research." This appendix contains the following figures: (1) Student demographics/background; (2)…

EdSource, 2010

2010-01-01

308

Determining Importance Student Template: What's It All About? Grades 4-5  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This template is an instructional tool that can be used by students to practice the comprehension strategy determining importance after reading a text. The template provides an opportunity for students to distinguish between the main ideas and the interesting details of a text. The template was created for use by students in Grades 4-5 with the Feature Story, Reader of the Rocks. It is a PDF file that can be copied and distributed to students.

Tracey Allen

309

Determining Importance Student Template: What's It All About? Grades 2-3  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This template is an instructional tool that can be used by students to practice the comprehension strategy determining importance after reading a text. The template provides an opportunity for students to distinguish between the main ideas and the interesting details of a text. The template was created for use by students in Grades 2-3 with the Feature Story, Reader of the Rocks. It is a PDF file that can be copied and distributed to students.

Tracey Allen

310

A technology infused science summer camp to prepare student leaders in 8th grade classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology-enhanced science curriculum has potential for introducing fundamental computing concepts to adolescents. iQUEST (investigations for Quality Understanding and Engagement for Students and Teachers) is designed to transform middle school science teachers into advocates for technology being a critical part of student learning. It targets 7th and 8th grade science classrooms that serve high percentages of Hispanic students. To prepare student

Youwen Ouyang; Katherine Hayden

2010-01-01

311

Motivating Middle Grades Students Using a Cooperative Learning Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that lack of student motivation is one of the primary reasons students drop out of school and that lack of student motivation is particularly evident at the onset of adolescence, this study compared multidimensional motivation gains of middle school students who were heterogeneously grouped according to motivational level to gains of those…

Corder, Gregory W.

312

Society for College Science Teachers: Grade Inflation -- Is Ranking Students the Answer?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In recent years, several solutions have been proposed at various institutions nationwide to curb the phenomena of "grade inflation". Solutions include limiting the number of A's awarded, converting to a +/- system, publishing the class GPA next to each grade, or publishing an index based on the grades typically awarded in the class (Johnson 2003). With the many variations, exceptions and ranking systems being debated, the fundamental issue remains, whether students should be ranked as a means to contend with the effects of grade inflation.

Donald P. French

2005-05-01

313

Examining the Influence of a Support Seminar on Pre-Service Teachers' Preparedness for Student Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the influence of a semester-long seminar on student teachers' perceptions of their preparedness for student teaching. Eighteen pre-service teachers in elementary (grades K-6) and middle grades (grades 6-8) participated in the seminar. Seventeen pre-service teachers from the same programs were used as a matched comparison group.…

Polly, Drew; Frazier, Joyce; Hopper, Cindy; Chapman, Marvin; Wells, Richard

2012-01-01

314

Grading Practices for Educationally Handicapped Students in Secondary Schools: Issues, Problems, and Needs. Resource Paper No. 23.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The lack of research on grading policies for handicapped students is pointed out, and results of a survey completed by 14 high schools in New Hampshire are summarized. Results reveal a variety of grading and graduation approaches including weighting grades or courses, developing a basic level curriculum geared for students having academic…

Lister, Robert

315

A Comparison of Level of Understanding of Eighth-Grade Students and Science Student Teachers Related to Selected Chemistry Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to investigate and compare level of understanding of eighth-grade students and student teachers in their final year in the science education department related to concepts of solution, gas, and chemical change. A qualitative and quantitative methodology was used for this investigation. Open-ended questions and group…

Calik, Muammer; Ayas, Alipasa

2005-01-01

316

Action for a Cleaner Tomorrow: A South Carolina Environmental Curriculum Grades 6-12, 2nd Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this curriculum is to teach students to think about their daily habits and to make environmentally responsible choices. The lessons and activities are divided by grade levels: 6-8 and 9-12. Lessons in each grade level are designed to cover a range of student skills, subject areas, and environmental issues. An extensive resource section…

South Carolina State Dept. of Health and Environmental Control, Columbia.

317

Sixth-Grade Students' Views of the Nature of Engineering and Images of Engineers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the views of the nature of engineering held by 6th-grade students to provide a baseline upon which activities or curriculum materials might be developed to introduce middle-school students to the work of engineers and the process of engineering design. A phenomenographic framework was used to guide the analysis of data…

Karatas, Faik O.; Micklos, Amy; Bodner, George M.

2011-01-01

318

Schematic Representations in Arithmetical Problem Solving: Analysis of Their Impact on Grade 4 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the value of "schematic representations" in problem solving requires no further demonstration, the way in which students should be taught how to construct these representations invariably gives rise to various debates. This study, conducted on 146 grade 4 students in Luxembourg, analyzes the effect of two types of "schematic…

Fagnant, Annick; Vlassis, Joëlle

2013-01-01

319

Grade Point Average and Student Outcomes. Data Notes. Volume 5, Number 1, January/February 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from Achieving the Dream: Community College Count, this issue of Data Notes investigates the academic achievement patterns of students attending Achieving the Dream colleges. The data show that 21 percent of students at Achieving the Dream colleges had grade point averages (GPAs) of 3.50 or higher at the end of their first year. At…

Clery, Sue; Topper, Amy

2010-01-01

320

Environmental Attitudes, Knowledge, and Behaviors of Missouri 6th- and 12th-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) produces various environmental materials for preschool, elementary, and secondary students and sponsors outdoor education programs. An MDC-sponsored survey of students in grades 6 and 12 found moderate levels of environmental knowledge, with weaknesses in the areas of biodiversity, wetlands, and…

Greene, Janice Schnake; Roddiger, Brian; Drysdale, Li'anne; Gray, Ginger; Merrigan, Colleen; Witter, Dan

2000-01-01

321

Urban Seventh Grade Students: A Report of Health Risk Behaviors and Exposure to Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The health of adolescents and the adults they will become can be linked to the health-related behaviors they adopt as children. To replicate a pilot study with a more culturally diverse population a descriptive, correlational study was undertaken with 379 seventh grade students. Key findings from this study include (a) students exposed or involved…

Dowdell, Elizabeth Burgess

2012-01-01

322

Parent Engagement in Science with Ninth Graders and with Students in Higher Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By high school, parent engagement is likely to differ not only by grade, but by subject. This study surveyed students enrolled in high school science classes and found that parents of freshmen (9th graders) are more involved at home, less involved at school, and equally involved in educational planning compared to parents of high school students

Shumow, Lee; Schmidt, Jennifer A.

2014-01-01

323

Using Multiple Representations to Promote Grade 11 Students' Scientific Understanding of the Particle Theory of Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored two groups of Grade 11 (age 16-17) students' conceptual understandings about aspects of particle theory before, immediately after, and 3 months after instruction with multiple representations (IMR) and instruction with verbal representations (IVR). Data sources included open-ended questionnaires, interviews, and student

Adadan, Emine

2013-01-01

324

Assessing Ethnicity: Equity for First-Grade Male Students on a Curriculum-Embedded Performance Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to determine the extent to which indicators on the language and literacy and mathematical thinking domains of a curriculum-embedded performance assessment functioned differently for urban, African American and White male students. A sample of 852 first-grade male students in a large urban school district, located in…

Gallant, Dorinda J.; Moore, James L., III

2008-01-01

325

Students Using Handheld Computers to Learn Collaboratively in a First Grade Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ethnographic study investigated how first grade students used handheld computers to learn in collaboration with others throughout the learning process. This research focused specifically on how the use of handheld computers impacts students' learning outcomes and relates to technology standards. A qualitative methodology was used to capture…

Fritz, Megan Lynne

2005-01-01

326

Benefits of Repeated Reading Intervention for Low-Achieving Fourth- and Fifth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students have difficulty achieving reading fluency, and nearly half of fourth graders are not fluent readers in grade-level texts. Intensive and focused reading practice is recommended to help close the gap between students with poor fluency and their average reading peers. In this study, the "Quick Reads" fluency program was used as a…

Vadasy, Patricia F.; Sanders, Elizabeth A.

2008-01-01

327

Thai Grade 10 and 11 Students' Conceptual Understanding and Ability to Solve Stoichiometry Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stoichiometry and related concepts are an important part of student learning in chemistry. In this interpretive-based inquiry, we investigated Thai Grade 10 and 11 students' conceptual understanding and ability to solve numerical problems for stoichiometry-related concepts. Ninety-seven participants completed a purpose-designed survey instrument…

Dahsah, Chanyah; Coll, Richard K.

2007-01-01

328

The Effect of Using a Listening Skills Curriculum on Reading Achievement of Third Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to determine what effect instruction in listening skills would have on reading achievement and listening comprehension of third grade students. "A Skills Oriented Curriculum to Teach Listening," by Metfessel and Hammond, was used to instruct the students, who were then tested to determine whether it had had an effect.…

Dewar, Douglas Charles

329

Change in Student Beliefs about Attitudes toward Science in Grades 6-9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reports on an investigation of the impact of a Science-Technology-Society (STS) approach in promoting more positive student attitudes toward science that are recommended by current reform documents. A total of 609 students from grades six through nine were selected for a survey of attitudes in two class sections assigned as either…

Akcay, Hakan; Yager, Robert E.; Iskander, Srini M.; Turgut, Halil

2010-01-01

330

Effects of Brain Gym on Overhand Throwing in First Grade Students: A Preliminary Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose was to examine the effect of Brain Gym on learning the overhand throw among 42 first grade students. Participants from two intact classes were randomly assigned to an experimental or control condition. Students were tested before and after a 5-week intervention using the object control subtest from the Test of Gross Motor Development-2…

Maskell, Bronwen; Shapiro, Deborah R.; Ridley, Christopher

2004-01-01

331

Learning Packet in Social Studies (8th Grade) for ESOL Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The learning packet is intended to provide the eighth grade social studies teacher with supplemental material for teaching beginning and intermediate students of English as a second language. It contains a variety of activities to assist in developing the student's vocabulary skills, reading comprehension, writing skills, and a working knowledge…

Clemons, Jacquelyn; And Others

332

Primary-Grade Students' Knowledge and Thinking about Clothing as a Cultural Universal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes responses of students in grades K-3 to questions about Native Americans. The paper draws on findings from two studies, both done in a suburban school system deemed "average" on a variety of educational and socioeconomic indicators. In each study, samples of students stratified by gender and achievement level were interviewed…

Brophy, Jere; Alleman, Janet

333

Primary-Grade Students' Knowledge and Thinking about Native American and Pioneer Homes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional K-3 social studies curriculum has focused on cultural universals, including shelter. To gather information about children's prior knowledge and thinking (including misconceptions) about historical aspects of this topic, individual interviews were conducted with 216 K-3 students, stratified according to grade, socioeconomic status, achievement level, and gender. Analyses indicated that the students could describe certain formal aspects of Native

Jere Brophy; Janet Alleman

2000-01-01

334

Providing Practical Applications of Computer Technology for Fifth Grade Students in Career Awareness Laboratories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum addressed the problem of providing practical computer application experiences to fifth grade students as they relate to real life work situations. The primary goal was to have students become cognizant of computer functions within the work setting as contrasted with viewing computer activities as instruments used for games or…

Pereno, Joan S.

335

Mathematical misconceptions in graphing and central tendency among sixth grade and undergraduate students  

E-print Network

. Seventy-nine 6th grade students were assessed in the spring semester of 2001 with a question, referred to as Vet Club, which asked the students to construct a graph from a given set of data and then analyze the data in terms of central tendencies...

Hammer, Mary Elizabeth

2002-01-01

336

The Relationship between Comprehension and Conceptual Mathematics of Third Grade Students at a Selected Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between reading comprehension scores and conceptual mathematics scores of third grade students at a selected elementary school. The sample consisted of 27 students of which 15 were females and 12 were males. Data were collected using a teacher made conceptual math exam and the scores from…

Kariuki, Patrick N.; Morris, Dustin A.

2013-01-01

337

Assessing and Dealing with School-Related Stress in Grades 3-12 Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Certain aspects of a school environment can be stressful for students. The School Situation Survey (SSS) was developed to assess school-related stress among students in grades 3 through 12. The seven scales of the SSS assess four sources of stress (Teacher Interactions, Academic Stress, Peer Interactions, Academic Self-Concept) and three…

Helms, Barbara J.; Gable, Robert K.

338

Should Athletic Training Educators Utilize Grades When Evaluating Student Clinical Performance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To explore and address some of the challenges for assessing, interpreting, and grading athletic training students' clinical performance and to suggest athletic training educators consider using a more universal assessment method for professional consistency. Background: In years past students learned from teachers or mentors on an…

Scriber, Kent; Gray, Courtney; Millspaugh, Rose

2010-01-01

339

The Persistence of Misconceptions about the Human Blood Circulatory System among Students in Different Grade Levels  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, it is aimed to investigate the persistence of misconceptions in the topic of the human blood circulatory system among students in different grade levels. For this reason, after discussions with biology educators, two tests consisting of open-ended questions were developed by the researcher and administered to students in four…

Ozgur, Sami

2013-01-01

340

The Effects of Integrated Curriculum on 9th Grade At-Risk Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a program for increasing connections between curricula, and increasing consistency between classrooms in classroom management techniques in order to increase student self-esteem, reading level, and academic success. The targeted population consisted of 67 ninth-grade students in a growing middle class community in northern…

Morris, Linda L.

341

Thai Grade 10 and 11 Students' Understanding of Stoichiometry and Related Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research reported in this case study explores the understanding of stoichiometry and related concepts of Thai science students in grades 10 and 11 after major national curriculum reforms. Students' conceptions and alternative conceptions were investigated using a questionnaire--the "Stoichiometry Concept Questionnaire" (SCQ) (N = 97), which…

Dahsah, Chanyah; Coll, Richard Kevin

2008-01-01

342

Differentials in Mathematics Achievement among Eighth-Grade Students in Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines differences in mathematics achievement among eighth-grade students using a secondary analysis of the data. The students, who are from Malaysia, had participated in the Trend International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 1999. A series of school, home, demographic and socio-economic variables were used to investigate the…

Ismail, Noor Azina; Awang, Halimah

2008-01-01

343

Seventh Grade Students' Perceptions of Using Concept Cartoons in Science and Technology Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to determine the efficiency of use of concept cartoons in elementary school 7th grade students Science and Technology course according to students' perceptions. In terms of this aim, the unit of "Force and Motion" has been taught by concept cartoons and at the end of this period, semi-structured interviews…

Sasmaz Ören, Fatma; Meriç, Gülçin

2014-01-01

344

Assessing AIM: A Study of Grade 8 Students in an Ontario School Board  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed-method study examines the proficiency in and perceptions of French language learning of Grade 8 students who were exposed to an instructional approach called the Accelerative Integrated Method (AIM). Six AIM classes (n = 125) and six non-AIM classes (n = 135) were observed and their students tested using a four-skills French as a second…

Mady, Callie; Arnott, Stephanie; Lapkin, Sharon

2009-01-01

345

The Changing World, Junior High School Science, Grade Eight, Student Manual and Teachers' Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Changing World" program for the eighth grade consists of three phases: (1) The Surface of the Earth; (2) Changes in the Environment; and (3) Changes in Living Things. The teachers' manual and the student manual for phase one (The Surface of the Earth) are contained in this two volume set. The program is student-centered with an emphasis…

Baltimore County Board of Education, Towson, MD.

346

The Autonomy to Choose--The Case of Ninth-Grade Mathematics Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we explored the effects of providing ninth-grade students with the chance to take part in decision making concerning the mathematics level they would be assigned to in high school. Decisions concerned their self-competence regarding their mathematical abilities, their learning goals and the class atmosphere. The students were taught…

Lavy, Ilana; Zarfin, Orly

2013-01-01

347

PIZZA PLEASE: AN INTERACTIVE NUTRITION EVALUATION FOR SECOND AND THIRD GRADE STUDENTS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Pizza Please is a testing tool by which nutrition education can be evaluated in an appealing and fun way for second and third grade students. The game and situational questions are developmentally appropriate and interactive. Students are not only tested but also develop social skills by working in ...

348

The Effects of Response to Intervention on the Mathematics Achievement of Seventh and Eighth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this quantitative study was to investigate the effectiveness of a system-wide Response to Intervention (RTI) program on the mathematical achievement of seventh and eighth grade students. The study consisted of five district schools with a total of 502 participants. The students were identified as belonging to one of two tiers, which…

Cornelius, Annette Sargent

2013-01-01

349

Measuring the Confidence of 8th Grade Taiwanese Students' Knowledge of Acids and Bases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated whether gender differences were present on the confidence judgments made by 8th grade Taiwanese students on the accuracy of their responses to acid-base test items. A total of 147 (76 male, 71 female) students provided item-specific confidence judgments during a test of their knowledge of acids and bases. Using the…

Jack, Brady Michael; Liu, Chia-Ju; Chiu, Houn-Lin; Tsai, Chun-Yen

2012-01-01

350

Thai Grade 11 Students' Alternative Conceptions for Acid-Base Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study involved the development of a two-tier diagnostic instrument to assess Thai high school students' understanding of acid-base chemistry. The acid-base diagnostic test (ABDT) comprising 18 items was administered to 55 Grade 11 students in a science and mathematics programme during the second semester of the 2008 academic year. Analysis of…

Artdej, Romklao; Ratanaroutai, Thasaneeya; Coll, Richard Kevin; Thongpanchang, Tienthong

2010-01-01

351

An Assessment of Grade Four Students Learning: The Case of Jimma Town  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed at investigating grade four students learning at Jimma town, Ethiopia. A cross sectional survey method was employed. Students, teachers and principals were participants of the study. Standardized tests, questionnaire, interview and observation were the instruments used to collect authentic information from the research…

Lemma, Abbi; Regasa, Tadese; Hailu, Ewnetu; Sime, Tariku; Ferede, Bekalu; Tolemariam, Taye; Dejene, Tariku

2014-01-01

352

Grade 5 Students' Online Argumentation about Their In-Class Inquiry Investigations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extent to which fifth-grade students participate in online argumentation and the argument patterns they produced about the inquiry-based investigations completed using the Science Writing Heuristic approach in their science classes. One hundred twenty-nine students from five classes of two teachers in a Midwestern public…

Choi, Aeran; Hand, Brian; Norton-Meier, Lori

2014-01-01

353

Effects of Classwide Peer Tutoring on the Performance of Sixth Grade Students during a Volleyball Unit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation examined the effects of Classwide Peer Tutoring (CWPT), a variation of peer tutoring on the volleyball skills of four 6th grade middle school students purposefully selected from an intact class of 21 students. Participants were average to low skilled males and females. A single subject A-B-A-B withdrawal design was used to…

Ayvazo, Shiri; Ward, Phillip

2009-01-01

354

Mathematical Communications: Elementary Pre-Service Teachers' E-Mail Exchanges with Sixth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the communication between pre-service teachers and sixth grade students in a project in which email was used for communication as students learned about fractions and were supported by the pre-service teachers. Specifically, the study investigated how the pre-service teachers applied their mathematical knowledge to understand…

Tunc-Pekkan, Zelha; D'Ambrosio, Beatriz S.

2009-01-01

355

Does Living near Classmates Help Introductory Economics Students Get Better Grades?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines whether first-year students in introductory economics courses get better grades if they have other students in their on-campus residential unit who either are taking the same course or have taken the course in the past. The study uses nine years of data for the introductory economics course at Reed College. The author finds…

Parker, Jeffrey

2012-01-01

356

Primary-Grade Students' Knowledge and Thinking about Food Production and the Origins of Common Foods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individual interviews were conducted with 96 K-3 students, stratified according to grade level, achievement level, and gender. The students were asked to explain land-to-hand progressions involved in bringing several common foods to our tables, identify products derived from common farm animals, explain why a pound of cereal costs more than a…

Brophy, Jere; Alleman, Janet; O'Mahony, Carolyn

2003-01-01

357

Chinese and Singaporean Sixth-Grade Students' Strategies for Solving Problems about Speed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined 361 Chinese and 345 Singaporean sixth-grade students' performance and problem-solving strategies for solving 14 problems about speed. By focusing on students from two distinct high-performing countries in East Asia, we provide a useful perspective on the differences that exist in the preparation and problem-solving…

Jiang, Chunlian; Hwang, Stephen; Cai, Jinfa

2014-01-01

358

Reducing Test Anxiety and Improving Academic Performance in Fourth Grade Students: Exploring an Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative study investigated the effectiveness of a teacher-implemented intervention of eight sessions integrated into an existing curriculum to reduce test anxiety and improve academic performance in fourth grade students. The experimental group, n=23 was drawn from a sample of 64 students in a southwestern Rhode Island public school…

Donato, Jeanne M.

2009-01-01

359

Guided Inquiry Learning Unit on Aquatic Ecosystems for Seventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using mini-aquaria experiments, a learning unit on the effects of light period on aquatic ecosystems was developed for 7th grade students. This guided inquiry unit was aimed at helping students understand basic ecological principles involved in relationships among physical, chemical, and biological components in aquatic ecosystems. It involved…

To-im, Jongdee; Ruenwongsa, Pintip

2009-01-01

360

The Risk of a Halo Bias as a Reason to Keep Students Anonymous during Grading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experts have advocated anonymous grading as a means of eliminating actual or perceived evaluator bias in subjective student assessment. The utility of anonymity in assessment rests on whether information derived from student identity can unduly influence evaluation. The halo effect provides a conceptual background for why a bias might occur. In…

Malouff, John M.; Emmerton, Ashley J.; Schutte, Nicola S.

2013-01-01

361

Effects of Concept Cartoons on Mathematics Self-Efficacy of 7th Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of concept cartoons on the students' perception of their levels of self-efficacy towards mathematics. The research has been designed as the pre-test post-test with quasi experimental control group. The research participants are composed of 94 7th grade students attending an elementary school…

Sengul, Sare

2011-01-01

362

Grade-12 Students' Misconceptions Relating to Fundamental Characteristics of Atoms and Molecules.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies misconceptions related to the fundamental characteristics of atoms and molecules held by twelfth-grade students. Data were obtained by administration of semistructured interviews to a stratified, random sample of 30 students. Fifty-two misconceptions were observed and reported. Some of the misconceptions identified parallel the…

Griffiths, Alan K.; Preston, Kirk R.

1992-01-01

363

Rethinking Exams and Letter Grades: How Much Can Teachers Delegate to Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we report a 3-yr study of a large-enrollment Cell Biology course focused on developing student skill in scientific reasoning and data interpretation. Specifically, the study tested the hypothesis that converting the role of exams from summative grading devices to formative tools would increase student success in acquiring those…

Kitchen, Elizabeth; King, Summer H.; Robison, Diane F.; Sudweeks, Richard R.; Bradshaw, William S.; Bell, John D.

2006-01-01

364

The Long-Term Effects of Strategy-Focussed Writing Instruction for Grade Six Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We compared 56 eighth-grade students who, 28 months previously, had received instruction in strategies for planning and revising their writing, with 21 students of similar academic ability from the same school who had not experienced the intervention. Both groups wrote an expository essay whilst logging their writing activities and completed…

Fidalgo, Raquel; Torrance, Mark; Garcia, Jesus-Nicasio

2008-01-01

365

Knowledge Growth and Attitude Change in Fifth-Grade Students Who Studied the American Revolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the teaching practices and attitudes toward history of two fifth-grade teachers who taught their students about the American Revolution in 6-week units. Using case study, interviewing, observations, and student attitudes assessments, the study examined how the fifth graders reconstructed elements of the American Revolution…

VanSledright, Bruce A.

366

"Standards"-Based Mathematics Curricula and Middle-Grades Students' Performance on Standardized Achievement Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined achievement patterns of middle school students enrolled in Standards-based curricula, in particular those curricula that were funded from a solicitation of proposals through the National Science Foundation (NSF) in the early 1990s (NSF RFP 91-100). Approximately 1400 middle-grades students who had used either the Connected…

Post, Thomas R.; Harwell, Michael R.; Davis, Jon D.; Maeda, Yukiko; Cutler, Arnie; Andersen, Edwin; Kahan, Jeremy A.; Norman, Ke Wu

2008-01-01

367

Grade 9 English Language Arts, Student Achievement Testing Program, 1985-86 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for both teachers and students, this bulletin presents specific information about the design, parts, and scoring of the Grade 9 English Language Arts Achievement Test for the 1985-86 school year in Alberta, Canada. General information is presented regarding the (1) purpose and nature of the Achievement Testing Program (ATP), (2) students

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

368

Bystanders to Bullying: Fourth-to Seventh-Grade Students' Perspectives on Their Reactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim with the present study was to investigate bystander actions in bullying situations as well as reasons behind these actions as they are articulated by Swedish students from fourth to seventh grade. Forty-three semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with students. Qualitative analysis of data was performed by methods from…

Forsberg, Camilla; Thornberg, Robert; Samuelsson, Marcus

2014-01-01

369

Effects of Teacher Educational Background and Experience on Student Achievement in the Early Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation examines the relationship between teacher educational background, teacher experience, and student achievement in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade. The first essay of this dissertation, "Effects of Teacher Degree Level, Coursework, and Certification on Student Achievement in Math and Reading in Kindergarten,"…

Leak, James Alexander

2012-01-01

370

Primary Grade Students Engage in Creative Word Play through Traditional and Hands-On Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Word play is an important skill allowing product names, show titles, jokes, poetry and other writings or orations to be interesting, entertaining and well-remembered. This pretest--posttest counterbalanced study compared two instructional approaches for teaching second and third grade students (n = 71) word play skills. Students at a public…

Webb, Angela Naomi; Rule, Audrey C.; Cavanaugh, Adrianna D.; Munson, Angel

2014-01-01

371

Thinking Maps: An innovative way to increase sixth-grade student achievement in social studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine the effect of Thinking Maps on the achievement of 6th-grade social studies students in order to determine its effectiveness. The population of this study came from a suburban middle school in the state of Georgia. The quantitative data included a pretest and posttest. The study was designed to find (a) whether there is a significant difference between the mean posttest scores on the benchmark test of 6th-grade students who are taught with either Thinking Maps or traditional social studies methods, (b) whether there is a significant difference between the mean posttest scores on the benchmark test of 6th-grade male versus female social studies students, and (c) whether there is a significant interaction between 6th-grade students' type of social studies class and gender as to differentially affect their mean posttest scores on the benchmark test. To answer these questions, students' pretest and posttest were compared to determine if there was a statistically significant difference after Thinking Maps were implemented with the treatment group for 9 weeks. The results indicate that there was no significant difference in the test scores between the students who were taught with Thinking Maps and the students who were taught without Thinking Maps. However, the students taught with Thinking Maps had the higher adjusted posttest scores.

Reed, Tamita

372

Experimental Evidence on the Effect of Grading Incentives on Student Learning in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors aim to identify the causal effect of the use of graded problem sets on academic performance of Spanish students. The identification strategy relies on an experiment in which the authors exploit variation arising from observing the performance of nearly 300 students taking the same class during the same semester and…

Artes, Joaquin; Rahona, Marta

2013-01-01

373

Collaboration, Competition and Violence in Eighth-Grade Students' Classroom Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines gender features in eighth-grade students' writing in terms of the relationships among characters and the use of violence, comparing the analyses to perspectives offered by the students in small group conversations. Finds evidence of competitive relationships within sports and romance stories, as well as elements of violence and metaphors…

Peterson, Shelley; Ladky, Mary

2001-01-01

374

The Impact of Challenging Geometry and Measurement Units on the Achievement of Grade 2 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary goal of Project M[superscript 2] was to develop and field-test challenging geometry and measurement units for all K-2 students. This article reports on the achievement results for students in Grade 2 at 12 urban and suburban sites in 4 states using the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS) mathematics concepts subtest and an open-response…

Gavin, M. Katherine; Casa, Tutita M.; Adelson, Jill L.; Firmender, Janine M.

2013-01-01

375

The association between acanthosis nigricans and dysglycemia in an ethnically diverse group of eighth grade students  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of acanthosis nigricans (AN) and to quantify its association with dysglycemia in an ethnically diverse group of eighth-grade students. Data were collected in 2003 from a cross-sectional study of students from 12 middle schools in three US stat...

376

Student Evaluations of Teaching: Effects of the Big Five Personality Traits, Grades and the Validity Hypothesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study was to examine whether the Big Five personality traits and expected student grades relate to student evaluations of teachers and courses at the college level. Extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness were found to be personality traits favoured in instructors, whereas neuroticism was not. A…

Patrick, Carol Lynn

2011-01-01

377

Assessing Logo Programming among Jordanian Seventh Grade Students through Turtle Geometry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study is concerned with assessing Logo programming experiences among seventh grade students. A formal multiple-choice test and five performance tasks were used to collect data. The results provided that students' performance was better than the expected score by the probabilistic laws, and a very low correlation between their Logo…

Khasawneh, Amal A.

2009-01-01

378

An Exploratory Study of Face-to-Face and Cyberbullying in Sixth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a pilot study, sixth grade students (N = 124) completed a questionnaire assessing students' experience with bullying and cyberbullying, demographic information, quality of parent-child relationship, and ways they have dealt with bullying/cyberbullying in the past. Two multiple regression analyses were conducted. The multiple regression analysis…

Accordino, Denise B.; Accordino, Michael P.

2011-01-01

379

Different Grade Students' Use and Interpretation of Literal Symbols  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study was to determine and compare 7th, 8th, and 9th grades students' level of use and interpret the literal symbols. In addition, students' responses to questions that require use of different roles of literal symbol were examined to identify the errors. For this purpose, Chelsea Diagnostics Algebra test developed by The…

Celik, Derya; Gunes, Gonul

2013-01-01

380

Relations among Grade 4 Students' Perceptions of Autonomy, Engagement in Science, and Reading Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors extend previous work on students' perceptions of teachers' autonomy-enhancing and autonomy-suppressing behaviors in relation to students' engagement to a more situated context (i.e., two Grade 4 science instructional conditions instead of school in general) and a linguistically diverse population (i.e., Hispanic…

Taboada Barber, Ana; Buehl, Michelle M.

2013-01-01

381

Fourth-Grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Standards-Based Lunar Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourth-grade students' knowledge of observable moon phases and patterns of change, as well as conceptual understanding of the cause of moon phases, was investigated before and after special instruction. Pretest and post-test data for 48 students were used to address the research question related to observable moon phases and patterns of change.…

Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Atwood, Ronald K.; Christopher, John E.

2007-01-01

382

The effect of basketball sport aerobics on basketball skill development for fifth-grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of an experimental teaching method, Sport Aerobics, on the basketball skill acquisition of fifth grade students. This study investigated the differences in the shooting, dribbling, and passing scores of students taught with Sport Aerobics instruction compared to those taught with a traditional method, Practice Style. Sport Aerobics is an instructional

William J. M Elizuk

2003-01-01

383

Report on On-Line Trial Test for Fourth-Grade Students -- May 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On-line trial testing for fourth-grade students was an exploratory study realized as a part of the project "Developing annual test of students' achievement in Nature & Society" realized by Institute for Education Quality and Evaluation. Main ideas of the study were to explore possibilities for on-line testing at national level in Serbia, and to…

Verbic, Srdjan; Tomic, Boris; Kartal, Vesna

2010-01-01

384

The Predictive Validity of CBM Writing Indices for Eighth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Curriculum-based measurement (CBM) is an alternative to traditional assessment techniques. Technical work has begun to identify CBM writing indices that are psychometrically sound for monitoring older students' writing proficiency. This study examined the predictive validity of CBM writing indices in a sample of 447 eighth-grade students.…

Amato, Janelle M.; Watkins, Marley W.

2011-01-01

385

Grading Standards and Student Performance in Community College and University Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research was undertaken to determine whether comparable grading standards are used in evaluating student performance at two-year community colleges and four-year universities. Examination of academic records of 417 students who took college level math at the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga in fall 2009 compared the performance of those who…

Friedl, John; Pittenger, David J.; Sherman, Michael

2012-01-01

386

Rethinking Exams and Letter Grades: How Much Can Teachers Delegate to Students?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we report a 3-yr study of a large-enrollment Cell Biology course focused on developing student skill in scientific reasoning and data interpretation. Specifically, the study tested the hypothesis that converting the role of exams from summative grading devices to formative tools would increase student success in acquiring those skills. Traditional midterm examinations were replaced by weekly assessments

Elizabeth Kitchen; Summer H. King; Diane F. Robison; Richard R. Sudweeks; William S. Bradshaw; John D. Bell

2006-01-01

387

Working and Non-Working University Students: Anxiety, Depression, and Grade Point Average  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the differences between 110 working and non-working students in terms of mental health, academic achievement, and perceptions about student employment. Anxiety and depression were measured by the Beck Anxiety Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory-II. Academic achievement was measured by grade point average. Perceptions of…

Mounsey, Rebecca; Vandehey, Michael A.; Diekhoff, George M.

2013-01-01

388

Sparking Student Synapses, Grades 9-12: Think Critically and Accelerate Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's students must be more than good test takers. They must be able to collaborate, innovate, and think critically to solve real-world problems. As content demands increase, how can teachers make time to teach these advanced skills? "Sparking Student Synapses, Grades 9-12" describes how master teacher Nigel Scozzi used Rich Allen's Green Light…

Allen, Rich; Scozzi, Nigel

2011-01-01

389

A la Carte Grading: Providing Students Opportunities to Determine their Own Paths to Success  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes the use of the mastery learning approach for two large enrollment introductory level courses. Students were required to complete a minimum number of assignments, and were then given the option to complete additional work that could be substituted for other completed assignments. In general, student perception of these grading systems was favorable; however, students did not seem to take full advantage of the available options because many did not choose to complete the additional assessments that could demonstrate further learning and be used to improve their course grade.

James Thompson

390

The Classification of the Probability Unit Ability Levels of the Eleventh Grade Turkish Students by Cluster Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the probability unit ability levels of the eleventh grade Turkish students were classified through cluster analysis. The study was carried out in a high school located in Trabzon, Turkey during the fall semester of the 2011-2012 academic years. A total of 84 eleventh grade students participated. Students were taught about…

Ozyurt, Ozcan

2014-01-01

391

Grading Students' Classroom Writing: Issues and Strategies. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report, Volume 27, Number 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers detailed and complex guidance, and the necessary techniques, for grading college students' writing. It examines why it is important to integrate grading into the writing process; the need for effective writing assignments; ensuring fair professorial judgments; promoting student learning; helping students learn how to respond…

Speck, Bruce W.

392

The Effects of Background Music in the Classroom on the Productivity, Motivation, and Behavior of Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students in a fourth grade classroom at Logan Elementary School are expressing numerous types of negative behaviors, are not motivated to learn, and do not stay on-task. In an effort to change these students, an action research study was conducted that implemented background music in the classroom. There were ten fourth grade students who…

White, Kevin N.

2007-01-01

393

The Effect of Using a Mobile Literacy Game to Improve Literacy Levels of Grade One Students in Zambian Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This intervention study was conducted to document conditions under which a computer based literacy game (GraphoGame™) could enhance literacy skills of first grade students in an African city. The participants were first grade students from Government schools (N = 573). These students were randomly sampled into control (N = 314) and various…

Jere-Folotiya, Jacqueline; Chansa-Kabali, Tamara; Munachaka, Jonathan C.; Sampa, Francis; Yalukanda, Christopher; Westerholm, Jari; Richardson, Ulla; Serpell, Robert; Lyytinen, Heikki

2014-01-01

394

Grading student problem solutions: The challenge of sending a consistent message  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Grading sends a direct message to students about what is expected in class. However, often there is a gap between the assigned grade and the goals of the instructor. In an interview study of faculty teaching calculus-based introductory physics, we verified that this gap exists and identified three themes that appear to shape grading decisions: (1) a desire to see student reasoning, (2) a reluctance to deduct points from a student solution that might be correct, and (3) a tendency to project correct thought processes onto a student solution. When all three themes were expressed by an instructor, the resulting conflict was resolved by placing the burden of proof on either the instructor or the student. The weighting of the themes with the burden of proof criterion explains our finding that although almost all instructors reported telling students to show their reasoning in problem solutions, about half graded problem solutions in a way that would likely discourage students from showing this reasoning.

Henderson, Charles; Yerushalmi, Edit; Kuo, Vince H.; Heller, Patricia; Heller, Kenneth

2004-02-01

395

Thai Grade 11 students' alternative conceptions for acid-base chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study involved the development of a two?tier diagnostic instrument to assess Thai high school students’ understanding of acid–base chemistry. The acid–base diagnostic test (ABDT) comprising 18 items was administered to 55 Grade 11 students in a science and mathematics programme during the second semester of the 2008 academic year. Analysis of students’ responses from this study followed the methodology

Romklao Artdej; Thasaneeya Ratanaroutai; Richard Kevin Coll; Tienthong Thongpanchang

2010-01-01

396

Alleviating Prejudice among Ninth Grade World History Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The high level of prejudice in an average 9th grade world history class was addressed by the implementation of a custom-designed prejudice reduction program. Lessons were drawn from "The Prejudice Book" (Shiman, 1979); "A World of Difference" (Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith, 1986); and "Hands Across the Campus" (Tiara, 1981). Lessons were…

Weston, Bonnie Walker

397

Racial Differences in Eighth Grade Students' Identification with Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Having a positive attitude about school, valuing school, and being intrinsically motivated is associated with higher grades, graduation, and college attendance. However, the literature reveals that these characteristics and attitudes are not uniform across race, class, and gender. The purpose of the current study was to examine racial differences…

Smith, Joshua S.; Estudillo, Antonio G.; Kang, Hyunchang

2011-01-01

398

Instructional strategy change and the attitude and achievement of seventh- and eighth-grade science students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This sequential methodologic elaboration study investigated differences between the middle school and the junior high instructional strategies and the effects on adolescent attitude toward science in school and science achievement. Subjects of the quantitative phase were 570 seventh- and eighth-grade students in one school in an urban school district in the midwest United States during a transition year from junior high to middle school. Germann's Attitude toward Science in School Assessment and the school district's Benchmark Exams were employed to measure student pre- and posttest attitude and achievement. Variations within grade level, gender, race, general ability, and socioeconomic group were evaluated. Results of split plots revealed no significant differences in science attitude between the experimental middle school group and the junior high control group at this phase. However, there was significant improvement in attitude in both seventh-grade populations, but no change in attitude in either eighth-grade population. No significant differences in attitude were found between males and females, Caucasian students and students of color, or students of different ability or socioeconomic groups. Significant increases in science achievement were revealed in the seventh-grade junior high control group, the eighth-grade middle school, and the eighth-grade junior high, but not in the seventh-grade middle school. No significant differences in achievement were found between males and females. Caucasians scored significantly higher in achievement than students of color. Average and high ability students scored significantly higher pretest to posttest, but low ability students did not. High ability students scored significantly higher than both average and low ability groups. There was significant improvement in science achievement for students in the sufficient socioeconomic status group, but not in the low socioeconomic status group. These results were discussed with the five science teachers, the principal, and a university consultant in the setting, who were the informants of the qualitative elaboration phase of the study. Ethnographic methods uncovered themes explaining differences and similarities within the two instructional strategies. Teachers' feelings and stages of concern were identified. The results are discussed in terms of effectively implementing changes in instructional strategies and assessing science achievement of early adolescents.Received: 28 July 1993; Revised: 12 August 1994;

Houtz, Lynne E.

399

Concept Mapping and the Science Achievement of Third Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional strategies in science that fail to identify students' initial understanding of scientific concepts may leave students' flawed ideas unchanged, thus affecting their ability to synthesize, differentiate, and connect to new information in science. The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the relationship between concept…

Greene, Paulette

2011-01-01

400

Classroom Breakfast: Helping Maryland Students Make the Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Fall 1998, the Maryland State Department of Education and six local school systems started a pilot program to evaluate the impact of serving breakfast to students in the classroom as part of the school day. Students in participating schools have an opportunity to eat breakfast in their classroom each day at no charge, regardless of family…

Terry, Sheila G.; Kerry, Kimberly

401

Making the Grade: Academic Libraries and Student Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents analyses that look at the many factors that can impact student success, such as technological capability, diversity, and information literacy. The importance of libraries' partnership with other members of the higher education community in working toward a common goal of student success is also examined. Further, the book gives…

Kelly, Maurie Caitlin, Ed.; Kross, Andrea, Ed.

402

The Effect of Twitter on College Student Engagement and Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the widespread use of social media by students and its increased use by instructors, very little empirical evidence is available concerning the impact of social media use on student learning and engagement. This paper describes our semester-long experimental study to determine if using Twitter--the microblogging and social networking…

Junco, R.; Heiberger, G.; Loken, E.

2011-01-01

403

Sixth Grade Student Self-Regulation in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The positive relationship between self-regulation and student achievement has been repeatedly supported through research. Key considerations that have resulted from prior research include instructor feedback and explicit expectations, student perception of their control of their progress, accurate self-calibration, reflection, goal-setting, age,…

Reid, Lisa J.

2012-01-01

404

The Perceptions of Twelfth-Grade Students on Financial Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem of financial illiteracy at the high school level is becoming a growing pandemic in America. The current financial curriculum may not be preparing high school students against reported financial pitfalls. At the study site, high school students graduate without financial skills that may impact their future financial status. The purpose…

Harrelson, Joseph Christopher

2010-01-01

405

Medicine Use among Warsaw Ninth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: This study examined the prevalence of medicine use for headache, stomachache, difficulties in getting to sleep, nervousness, depression and lack of energy among 15- to 16-year-old students; the relationship between medicine use and students' health status; and the relationship between medicine and nicotine, illegal drug, and alcohol use.…

Pisarska, Agnieszka; Ostaszewski, Krzysztof

2011-01-01

406

TA Seminar 2006 Name . Grading Two Example Student Laboratory Reports  

E-print Network

, illustration, or evidence? Design Does the student use effective Design, both for page design Writing Support Network. The Writing Support Network is a web page that lists support services for Scientific and Technical Disciplines. This web site provides information for faculty and students

Minnesota, University of

407

Creating a Science E-Book with Fifth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explains how one teacher used iBooks Author, a free digital textbook creation tool that makes iBooks for iPads, in an upper elementary classroom to improve students' expository writing skills and understanding of science content. The classroom teacher taught students pre-requisite writing and technology skills for two weeks, and…

Encheff, Dana

2013-01-01

408

Individual Teacher Incentives, Student Achievement and Grade Inflation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is great interest in understanding the potential of teacher incentives to improve student achievement. In fact, teacher incentives, either individual or collective, may improve student achievement if they succeed in aligning the public or social goals with the goals of the teacher. However, an approach in which reward is based on outputs can…

Martins, Pedro S.

2010-01-01

409

Teen peer educators and diabetes knowledge of low-income fifth grade students.  

PubMed

The current study was designed to evaluate a unique adolescent peer type 2 diabetes mellitus (Type 2 DM) prevention training program for fifth grade children. Peer educators were 22 high school students who participated in the Elementary Institute of Science's Commission on Science that Matters, a year-long program promoting active participation in the health and environmental sciences. Peer education was delivered in the form of a two hour health fair. A knowledge survey was given to fifth grade students in the classroom before the health fair began and then again in the classroom after the health fair. Fifth grade students were able to correctly identify Type 1 DM (23 vs. 40%; P < .01), Type 2 DM (21 vs. 52%; P < .001), and the signs of diabetes (10 vs. 39%; P < .001) after the health fair. This approach could be inexpensively integrated into any community-based health promotion with children and adolescents. PMID:20496001

Coleman, Karen J; Clark, Andrea Yoder; Shordon, Maggie; Ocana, Leticia L; Walker, Chris; Araujo, Rachel A; Oratowski-Coleman, Jesica; Philis-Tsimikas, Athena

2011-02-01

410

Action for a Cleaner Tomorrow. A South Carolina Environmental Curriculum Grades K-8, Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this curriculum is to teach children and their parents to think about their daily habits and to make environmentally responsible choices. The lessons and activities are divided by grade levels: K-1, 2-3, 4-5, and 6-8. Lessons in each grade level are designed to cover a range of student skills, subject areas, and environmental issues.…

South Carolina State Dept. of Health and Environmental Control, Columbia.

411

EFFECTS OF A NUTRITION EDUCATION PROGRAM ON THE DIETARY BEHAVIOR AND NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE OF SECOND-GRADE AND THIRD-GRADE STUDENTS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This research investigated the effects of a nutrition education program on dietary behavior and nutrition knowledge among elementary school-aged children participating in a Social Cognitive Theory-based nutrition education program. Participants included 1100 second-grade and third-grade students sel...

412

Effects of a Nutrition Education Program on the Dietary Behavior and Nutrition Knowledge of Second-Grade and Third-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigated the effects of a nutrition education program on dietary behavior and nutrition knowledge among elementary school-aged children participating in a Social Cognitive Theory-based nutrition education program. Participants included 1100 second-grade and third-grade students selected by convenience-type sampling from public…

Powers, Alicia Raby; Struempler, Barbara J.; Guarino, Anthony; Parmer, Sondra M.

2005-01-01

413

The Changes in Students' Self-Concepts as Readers and Values Placed on Reading from Sixth Grade to Eleventh Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study extended the research of Aiken (2006), which originally examined the reading motivation, attitudes, and habits for a cohort of 6th grade readers from an affluent suburban community. The purpose of this research was to investigate if the students' self-concepts as readers and values of reading have changed from their 6th grade year…

Swinehart, Alexis Fitzgerald

2011-01-01

414

RANKING STUDENTS WITH HELP OF MECHANIZED GRADING Queinnec Christian  

E-print Network

may compare his skill to the others. As for video games, we expect students to be attracted and their associated ranking systems: chess (ELO, Glicko (Glickman, 1995)), TrueSkillTM for video games (Graepel et al

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

415

The impact of teacher assigned but not graded compared to teacher assigned and graded chemistry homework on the formative and summative chemistry assessment scores of 11th-grade students with varying chemistry potential  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study analyzed 2005 posttest data compared to 2008 posttest data to determine student end of school year academic achievement outcomes across three academic levels (above average, average, and below average chemistry potential) and two teacher homework evaluation methods (assigned but not graded and assigned and graded) on teacher prepared 11th-grade assessments, district prepared 11th-grade assessment, and district graduation requirement physical science strand 11th-grade science Essential Learner Outcome assessment. Overall, results indicated that students with above average (n = 16), average, (n = 17) and below average (n = 14) chemistry potential whom were given teacher assigned and graded chemistry homework compared to students with above average (n = 17), average (n = 15), and below average (n = 19) chemistry potential whom were given teacher assigned but not graded chemistry homework had statistically significantly higher independent t test matter homework scores while atoms, naming, and reactions homework scores were generally in the direction of higher but not significant scores for students given graded homework regardless of their chemistry potential. Furthermore, students of above average and below average chemistry potential who were given assigned and graded chemistry homework performed statistically significantly better on the 11th-grade district prepared chemistry final and the district prepared physical science strand Essential Learner Outcome assessment t test results compared to students with the same chemistry potential given assigned but not graded chemistry homework, suggesting that the graded chemistry condition may have contributed to improved long term learning and retention of chemistry knowledge. Finally, the coefficient of determination (r2 = .95) measure of strength of relationship between not completing, not graded chemistry homework and a corresponding drop in chemistry assessment scores for all students was 95% and the coefficient of determination (r2 = .82) measure of strength of relationship between not completing, graded chemistry homework and a corresponding drop in chemistry assessment scores for all students was 82%. While not implying causality the study findings suggest that students who complete more homework, not graded or graded, have a higher probability of improving their chemistry assessment scores regardless of their chemistry potential.

Wilson, Jennifer L.

416

Exploring how experience with planning impacts first grade students' planning and solutions to engineering design problems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation presents research that investigated how first grade students' ability to construct solutions and to plan through drawing for engineering design problems is related to their participation in a LEGO-based engineering curriculum with two variations on the instruction for planning. The quasi-experimental design engaged two first grade classrooms in an urban K-6 Science and Technology elementary school outside of Boston, MA in a set of activities that asked students to construct solutions to engineering design problems inspired by the story of Goldilocks and the Three Bears. The planning classroom was provided with instructions on how to plan and students were required to plan through drawing prior to constructing their solution to engineering design problems. Students in the spontaneous classroom were not given instruction in planning and were allowed immediate access to materials to construct their solution. Students' drawings and constructed artifacts for engineering design problems during pre and post assessments as well as during the classroom were collected. The analysis of the classroom data found that students were able to successfully construct solutions to engineering design problems with increasingly number of requirements. Pre and post comparisons of students' performance on problems with materials they had had extensive experience with (LEGO) and craft materials (non-LEGO) found that students only made gains in constructing solutions to engineering design problems with materials they had prior experience with. The planning intervention appeared to have no relationship with students' ability to construct solutions that addressed requirements that were clearly presented to the students. However, there may be a relationship with less obvious requirements regarding aesthetics (as measured by symmetry of the artifacts) and material selection. In general, the findings suggest that planning through drawing may help students preserve their ideas but that first grade students do not use drawings for planning in the same manner as adults do. Implications for engineering education for early elementary are also discussed.

Portsmore, Merredith D.

417

Using food as a tool to teach science to 3rd grade students in Appalachian Ohio  

PubMed Central

The Food, Math, and Science Teaching Enhancement Resource (FoodMASTER) Initiative is a compilation of programs aimed at using food as a tool to teach mathematics and science. In 2007–2008, a foods curriculum developed by professionals in nutrition and education was implemented in 10 3rd-grade classrooms in Appalachian Ohio; teachers in these classrooms implemented 45 hands-on foods activities that covered 10 food topics. Subjects included measurement; food safety; vegetables; fruits; milk and cheese; meat, poultry, and fish; eggs; fats; grains; and meal management. Students in four other classrooms served as the control group. Mainstream 3rd-grade students were targeted because of their receptiveness to the subject matter, science standards for upper elementary grades, and testing that the students would undergo in 4th grade. Teachers and students alike reported that the hands-on FoodMASTER curriculum experience was worthwhile and enjoyable. Our initial classroom observation indicated that the majority of students, girls and boys included, were very excited about the activities, became increasingly interested in the subject matter of food, and were able to conduct scientific observations. PMID:20975982

Duffrin, Melani W.; Hovland, Jana; Carraway-Stage, Virginia; McLeod, Sara; Duffrin, Christopher; Phillips, Sharon; Rivera, David; Saum, Diana; Johanson, George; Graham, Annette; Lee, Tammy; Bosse, Michael; Berryman, Darlene

2010-01-01

418

The use of music to enhance reading skills of second grade students and students with reading disabilities.  

PubMed

The purpose of the present study was to determine the efficacy of using music as a remedial strategy to enhance the reading skills of second-grade students and students who have been identified as having a specific learning disability (SLD) in reading. First, an intensive short-term music curriculum was designed to target reading comprehension and vocabulary skills at the second grade level. The curriculum was then implemented in classrooms at two public schools in the Southeast. Reading skills were evaluated pre and post curriculum intervention via the vocabulary and reading comprehension subtests of the Gates-MacGinitie Reading Test for second grade. Analysis of pre/posttest data revealed that students with a specific disability in reading improved significantly from pre to post on all three subtests: word decoding (p = .04), word knowledge (p = .01), reading comprehension (p = .01), and test total (p = .01). Paired t-tests revealed that for 2nd grade students, both treatment and control classes improved significantly from pre to post on the subtests word decoding, word knowledge, and test total. While both classes made gains from pre to post on the subtest, reading comprehension, neither improved significantly. Analysis of Covariance revealed that the treatment class made greater gains pre to post than the control class on all 3 subtests (Including reading comprehension), and significantly greater gains on the subtest, word knowledge (p = .01). PMID:17419662

Register, Dena; Darrow, Alice-Ann; Standley, Jayne; Swedberg, Olivia

2007-01-01

419

The Effects of Matching Instructional Strategy with Selected Student Characteristics on Ninth Grade Physical Science Students' Attitudes and Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A matching model of instruction on independent variables of need level, cognitive style, and locus of control resulted in improved attitude toward science in general for ninth-grade physical science students (N=574). Although achievement and other attitudes did not improve, empirical evidence suggests some matching is better than none. (DH)

Trout, John S.; Crawley, Frank E.

1985-01-01

420

Effects of Teacher-Led Reading Teaching Activities and Student Independent Reading on Fourth Grade ELL Student Reading Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation study examines the effects of four teacher-led reading activities recommended by the reading teaching policy and student independent reading activity on the development of English language learners (ELL) reading proficiency at fourth grade in U.S. elementary schools. In this study, I first introduce the significance of studying…

Liu, Siping

2012-01-01

421

Grade Conversion Contract Fall 2012 All undergraduate students will have the option of P/NC for any or all of their courses for Fall 12.  

E-print Network

two grades: Pass (P): A student who earns a passing grade (D or better for non-prerequisite courses; C-credit (NC): A student who earns a failing grade (F for non-prerequisite courses; D or F for prerequisite Math 107 For students in majors requiring Math 111, only an A would be recorded as a Pass For students

Gary, Dale E.

422

Sixth-Grade Students’ Views of the Nature of Engineering and Images of Engineers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the views of the nature of engineering held by 6th-grade students to provide a baseline upon which\\u000a activities or curriculum materials might be developed to introduce middle-school students to the work of engineers and the\\u000a process of engineering design. A phenomenographic framework was used to guide the analysis of data collected from: (1) a series\\u000a of 20

Faik O. Karatas; Amy Micklos; George M. Bodner

2011-01-01

423

Personal-Academic Studies Engage Urban, Seventh-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A successful middle school team of teachers employed effective middle level philosophy to structure a curriculum around themes that were relevant, challenging, integrative, and engaging for their particular students and community. Realizing that their young adolescents were involved in tough, delicate issues in their out-of-school lives, the…

Hansen, Jane

2014-01-01

424

Grade and Gender Differences in Gifted Students' Self-Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gifted adolescents are poised to make important decisions that will determine the trajectory of their futures. A positive self-concept may lead to higher educational and career aspirations, whereas a poorer self-concept may negatively influence choices and outcomes. Research points to self-concept differences among gifted students of different…

Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz; Capper, Marla Read; Foust, Regan Clark; Callahan, Carolyn M.; Albaugh, Susan B.

2009-01-01

425

Indicators of Multiplicative Reasoning among Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students encounter difficulty in their transition to advanced mathematical thinking. Such difficulty may be explained by a lack of understanding of many concepts taught in early school years, especially multiplicative reasoning. Advanced mathematical thinking depends on the development of multiplicative reasoning. The purpose of this study…

Carrier, James A.

2010-01-01

426

Seventh-Grade Students At-Risk for School Failure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared 51 seventh-graders considered at-risk for school failure with 51 classmates. Students with a history of school failure, although of normal intelligence, were found to be significantly less intellectually, academically, and affectively competent than their more successful peers and were rated by their teachers as significantly less able to…

Stevens, Renee; Pihl, R. O.

1987-01-01

427

Sequencing and Graphic Novels with Primary-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss the burgeoning number of graphic novels being published for young readers (approximately PK-3) and suggest a new term for identifying this format and audience: primary graphic novels (PGNs), for primary level students. They go on to describe a series of lessons they conducted with a class of 1st and 2nd graders to capitalize on…

Chase, Maggie; Son, Eun Hye; Steiner, Stan

2014-01-01

428

The Erroneous Derivative Examples of Eleventh Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The derivative is not only an important subject for mathematics but also is an important subject for engineering, physics, economy, chemistry, and statistics. Especially, mathematics depends on strongly preceding learning and the subject of derivative will be used in university education by all students. Therefore, it is one of the most important…

Gur, Hulya; Barak, Basak

2007-01-01

429

Effective Ninth-Grade Transition Programs Can Promote Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition from middle into high school can be perilous for some students. High school freshmen fail at an alarming rate. In a general sense, the environment, expectations, structure, and culture of high schools are different from middle schools. However, school leaders can implement transition programs that may promote success of 9th graders.…

Roybal, Victoria; Thornton, Bill; Usinger, Janet

2014-01-01

430

Nontraditional Students, Accelerated Programs, Grade Expectations, and Instructor Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is intended as both a cautionary tale and an encouraging guide for instructors who are beginning to teach in accelerated programs designed to attract nontraditional students. This article is based, in part, on classroom action research conducted through surveys, observations, exams, and assessments, in an introductory business law…

Gershuny, Pamela; Rainey, Carolyn

2006-01-01

431

Students' Attitudes Toward Chemistry Lessons: The Interaction Effect between Grade Level and Gender  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the interaction effect between grade level and gender with respect to students' attitudes toward chemistry lessons taught in secondary schools. The sample consisted of 954 chemistry students in grades Secondary 4-7 (approximately 16-19 years of age) in Hong Kong. Students' attitudes were surveyed using an attitude toward chemistry lessons scale (ATCLS), and subscale scores were produced on four dimensions: liking for chemistry theory lessons; liking for chemistry laboratory work; evaluative beliefs about school chemistry; and behavioral tendencies to learn chemistry. When the ATCLS data were subjected to two-way MANOVA, the interaction effect between grade level and gender on students' attitudes toward chemistry lessons was statistically significant. The interaction effect was attributable to scores on the theory lessons subscale and laboratory work subscale. Male students in Secondary 4 and 5 liked chemistry theory lessons more than their female counterparts. However, male students' liking for chemistry laboratory work declined when they progressed from Secondary 4 to Secondary 7; no such a significant decline in attitude toward chemistry laboratory work was found in females. Overall, both males and females were just marginally positive about chemistry lessons during the years of secondary schooling. Implications of these findings for curriculum design are discussed.

Cheung, Derek

2009-01-01

432

Increasing Parental Involvement through Active Participation with Parents of Fifth Grade Students in an Integrated Mainstreamed Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum focused on the problem of lack of involvement of the parents of 32 mainstreamed fifth grade students with special learning needs. Evening workshops were conducted for parents and their at-risk, mainstreamed students in fifth grade. Sessions focused on the use of computers, manipulatives, make and take home instructional games, study…

Roundtree, Johnny M.

433

An Investigation of Relationships Between Fifth Grade Students' Perception of the Physical Classroom Environment and Observed Environmental Factors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exploratory field study was conducted in 42 self-contained, elementary grade classrooms in 18 school buildings. Subjects were 1,030 fifth-grade students. The purpose of the study was to determine the range of physical environmental conditions in the classrooms; and how students' perceptions of the physical environment (1) describe the…

Faust, Russell Weidner

434

Student Interactions, Attitudes, and Engagement during Literacy Events in a Second Grade Classroom: A Case Study of Five Struggling Readers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the student-student interactions, attitudes toward reading and engagement during literacy events in a second grade classroom. The literacy environment and the teacher's conceptualization of her role as a reading instructor were also part of this investigation. Five second grade struggling readers and their teacher,…

Lehman, Margaret A.

2012-01-01

435

Gender Differences in Sense of Justice about Grades: A Comparative Study of High School Students in Israel and Germany  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessing students' aptitude and educational performance and grading them on a hierarchical scale is a universal feature of the schooling process. In light of grades' instrumental, motivational, and symbolic saliency in students' school experience, it is not surprising they are highly "valued goods," and the process of their fair or unfair…

Resh, Nura; Dalbert, Claudia

2007-01-01

436

Correlations of Students' Grades, Expectations, Epistemological Beliefs and Demographics in a Problem-Based Introductory Physics Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the predictors of student grades in introductory physics courses utilizing problem-based learning (PBL) approach and traditional lecturing. The study employed correlational/predictive methods to investigate and describe/explain relationships of students' physics grades with their expectations, attitudes,…

Sahin, Mehmet

2009-01-01

437

Educators' Perceptions of Reading First and Success for All for Mobile and Nonmobile First through Third Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many mobile 1st through 3rd grade students are not reading on grade level in a southern urban school. The purpose of this study was to assess how teachers perceive the effectiveness of the "Success for All and Reading First" programs for their mobile and nonmobile students in order to create a new theory to improve instruction for the…

Smith, Ketchia

2013-01-01

438

Project Math-Co. Career Based Math Text Book Produced Entirely by Eighth Grade Students at Wiscasset Middle School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This career-based mathematics text book was written for eighth grade students by eighth grade students at Wiscasset Middle School, Wiscasset, Maine. The text has an innovative format and features interviews with various townspeople of Wiscasset concerning their occupations; from the interviews, information is presented about training needed,…

Wiscasset Middle School, ME.

439

The Effect of Case-Based Instruction on 10th Grade Students' Understanding of Gas Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of case-based instruction on remedying 10th grade students' alternative conceptions related to gas concepts. 128 tenth grade students from two high schools participated in this study. In each school, one of the classes was randomly assigned as the experimental group and the…

Yalçinkaya, Eylem; Boz, Yezdan

2015-01-01

440

The Academic Achievement of Second, Third, and Fourth Grade Regular Education Students Involved in Special Education Inclusion Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the differences in academic achievement of regular education students in noninclusion classrooms and of same-grade students in special education inclusion programs, to assess the impact on regular education achievement of inclusion programs in a particular elementary school. All subjects were second, third, or fourth grade

Liddiard, Hannah J.

441

Enhancing Teacher Read Alouds with Small-Group Vocabulary Instruction for Students with Low Vocabulary in First-Grade Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effect of small-group instruction on the vocabulary and comprehension of first-grade students identified with low language and low vocabulary skills. Overall, 102 first-grade students scoring below the 50th percentile on relational vocabulary were blocked by classroom, matched according to…

Fien, Hank; Santoro, Lana; Baker, Scott K.; Park, Yonghan; Chard, David J.; Williams, Susanna; Haria, Priti

2011-01-01

442

Reexamining Middle School Effects: A Comparison of Middle Grades Students in Middle Schools and K-8 Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The period of the middle grades has seen numerous reforms to improve education for students in early adolescence. However, although several current reforms seek to overhaul middle schools, only a handful of studies have directly compared the effects of different configurations of grades. Our analysis uses district and student data from one of the…

Weiss, Christopher C.; Kipnes, Lindsay

2006-01-01

443

The Improvement of Reading Comprehension of the Second Grade At-Risk Students Using Multisensory Methods of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A program was designed to improve the reading skills of the second grade at-risk students in a suburban K-6 elementary school located northwest of Chicago, Illinois. The second grade at-risk students could not read fluently at the conclusion of the academic school year, and consequently did not exhibit strong reading comprehension skills. A…

Hunt, Geraldine

444

The Effect of Conceptual Change Approach to Eliminate 9th Grade High School Students' Misconceptions about Air Pressure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of teaching based on conceptual change overcome misconceptions of 9th grade high school students about the subject of air pressure. The sampling of the study was formed with two classes of 9th grade students from a general high school in the city-center of Trabzon. A quasi-experimental…

Akbas, Yavuz; Gencturk, Ebru

2011-01-01

445

The Effect of Using Computer Games in Teaching Mathematics on Developing the Number Sense of Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of using computer games in teaching mathematics on developing the number sense of fourth grade students. To achieve this purpose a study sample of (81) students was selected from the fourth grade. This sample was divided into two groups. One group was randomly chosen to be the experimental…

Nejem, Khamis Mousa; Muhanna, Wafa

2013-01-01

446

The Effects of GO Solve Word Problems Math Intervention on Applied Problem Solving Skills of Low Performing Fifth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigation examined the effects of "GO Solve Word Problems" math intervention on problem-solving skills of struggling 5th grade students. In a randomized controlled study, 16 5th grade students were given a 12-week intervention of "GO Solve", a computer-based program designed to teach schema-based instruction strategies (SBI.s) to…

Fede, Jessica L.

2010-01-01

447

Mixed-Method Research on Learning Vocabulary through Technology Reveals Vocabulary Growth in Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A mixed-method embedded research design was employed to investigate the effectiveness of the integration of technology for second-grade students' vocabulary development and learning. Two second-grade classes with a total of 40 students (21 boys and 19 girls) were randomly selected to participate in this study for the course of a semester. One…

Huang, SuHua

2015-01-01

448

Writing, Grades Six and Eight. Report of Student Performance, 1985-86. North Carolina Annual Testing Program, Basic Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the North Carolina Annual Testing Programs writing task which was administered in 1985-86. Grade six students were tested on their ability to write a clarification composition; while grade 8 students were evaluated on their skills in writing a persuasive composition. The timed composition (50 minutes) was scored by two…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Research.

449

A Comparison of Students Who Delay Kindergarten Entry and Those Who are Retained in Grades K-5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored whether there were differences in IQ and achievement (at grades two, five, and seven) between students who delayed school entry and those who were retained in later elementary grades, as well as any interactions with gender. Concluded that instructional reform may be more effective for improving student success. (JBJ)

Kundert, Deborah K.; And Others

1995-01-01

450

Helping Students with Moderate and Severe Intellectual Disability Access Grade-Level Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching students with moderate and severe intellectual disability who are early readers or nonreaders to engage with grade-level text is challenging. For this reason, purposeful thought must be given to promoting text accessibility and teaching text comprehension. Whenever possible, text should be used as it is originally written without…

Hudson, Melissa E.; Browder, Diane; Wakeman, Shawnee

2013-01-01

451

Teacher Implementation of Guided Reading and the Effect on Students in Grades 3-5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed methods study explored implementing guided reading in grades 3-5 in a suburban school district located in Southeastern Pennsylvania. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how teachers implement guided reading in their classrooms and how the use of guided reading affects student achievement in Text Structure and Vocabulary, Reading…

Huber, Melissa S.

2011-01-01

452

Relationship between Metacognitive Strategy Instruction and Reading Comprehension in At-Risk Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spite of efforts to achieve the reading proficiency requirements mandated by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, students' inability to comprehend text and meet grade level standards on state and national assessments continues to be problematic. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of explicit direct instruction of…

Diebold, Tamara W.

2011-01-01

453

An Investigation of Learning Styles Influencing Mathematics Achievement of Seventh-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to investigate the effect of learning styles, as well as compare the effect of two different variable structure models of learning styles on factors influencing mathematics achievement. The research sample was made up of 508 seventh-grade students. The findings were that the model including learning styles as factors influencing…

Sriphai, Sunan; Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Sakulku, Jaruwan

2011-01-01

454

Teacher Effects on Student Achievement in First Grade: Which Aspects Matter Most?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigates the effects of teachers (background qualifications, attitudes and beliefs, and instructional practices) on student achievement in mathematics, reading, and spelling in 1st grade. Its theoretical framework and methodology are based on recent work by Palardy and Rumberger (2008). Data from the SiBO Project, a…

Boonen, Tinneke; Van Damme, Jan; Onghena, Patrick

2014-01-01

455

The Relationships among Language Ability, Emotion Regulation and Social Competence in Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relationships exist between language ability, emotion regulation, and social competence in preschool children. This study examines how these relationships function in elementary school children, and explores whether language ability partially mediates the relationship between emotion regulation and social competence. Second-grade students (N = 67)…

Monopoli, W. John; Kingston, Sharon

2012-01-01

456

School Attendance Revisited: A Study of Urban African American Students' Grade Point Averages and Coping Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban African American first-year high school students' absenteeism was found to be negatively related to grade point average (GPA) and avoidance as a means of coping (use of substances as a way to escape--food, alcohol, smoking, caffeine, etc.) and positively related to use of social support as a means of coping (efforts to stay emotionally…

Steward, Robbie J.; Steward, Astin Devine; Blair, Jonathan; Jo, Hanik; Hill, Martin F.

2008-01-01

457

An Investigation of Mathematics Anxiety among Sixth through Eighth Grade Students in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study is to investigate mathematics anxiety among 220 sixth through eighth grade Turkish students in terms of mathematics achievement levels, perceived enjoyment of the mathematics teaching method, perceived enjoyment of mathematics, and perceived help with mathematics from parents. The Mathematics Anxiety Scale for…

Birgin, Osman; Baloglu, Mustafa; Catlioglu, Hakan; Gurbuz, Ramazan

2010-01-01

458

Development of an Instrument to Assess Fourth and Fifth Grade Students' Attitudes toward Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the authors in this study was to develop an instrument to assess fourth and fifth grade students' attitudes toward physical education. The methods for validation included (a) an elicitation study and instrument question development, (b) a pilot study, and (c) a series of analyses to assess, construct, and content validity and to…

Phillips, Sharon R.; Silverman, Stephen

2012-01-01

459

Evaluation of a School-Based Sex Education Programme Delivered to Grade Nine Students in Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of a multidimensional Canadian sex education programme was evaluated using 240 Grade Nine students. The intervention was offered by representatives from various community groups and involved instructional classes on anatomy/physiology of the reproductive system and sexually transmitted infections, a video and group discussion on…

Smylie, Lisa; Maticka-Tyndale, Eleanor; Boyd, Dana

2008-01-01

460

Grade/Study-Performance Contracts, Enhanced Communication, Cooperative Learning, and Student Performance in Undergraduate Organic Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes and evaluates a teaching strategy, designed to increase student retention while maintaining academic performance levels in undergraduate organic chemistry, that uses grade/study-performance contracts, enhanced communication using electronic mail, and cooperative learning. Concludes that a series of interventions can substantially…

Dougherty, Ralph C.

1997-01-01

461

Preventing Reading Failure for English Language Learners: Interventions for Struggling First-Grade L2 Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes student outcomes following the first year of implementation of an early reading intervention project designed to improve the first language literacy in first grade English language learners (ELLs). Results indicate steady improvement in reading levels and support providing ELLs with interventions that use an intensive, systematic,…

Alanis, Iliana; Munter, Judith; Tinajero, Josefina Villamil

2003-01-01

462

Family Influence: Key to Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among Fourth- and Fifth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess social and familial environmental influences on fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption of fourth- and fifth-graders living in a culturally diverse, urban setting. Design: In 2006, students from 9 fourth- and fifth-grade classrooms from a public school in the Washington-Baltimore Metropolitan Region were recruited as part of the…

Gross, Susan M.; Pollock, Elizabeth Davenport; Braun, Bonnie

2010-01-01

463

A Story Well Told: Rich Narrative Engages California Fifth Grade Students in American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational publisher Pearson/Scott-Foresman in 2006 introduced curriculum to address California History/Social Studies standards. Fifth grade students have difficulty comprehending non-fiction text that is informative enough to have historical accuracy. The publisher promotes a program that features a standard in every lesson, and promises no…

Huson, Julie Alice

2007-01-01

464

Learning Packets in U.S. History for ESOL Students, Grade 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented in this curriculum guide are materials for eighth grade United States history instruction suitable for students of English as a second language. The guide contains three sections on early American history covering the period of discovery and exploration, the colonies in North America, and the American Revolution. Each section contains…

Prince George's County Public Schools, Upper Marlboro, MD.

465

Relationship of Age, Marital Status, and Work Experience of Community College Nursing Students to Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To investigate differences in academic success due to age (younger or older than age 23), marital status, and nursing experience, a three-way analysis of variance was performed on the grade point averages of 1,435 female nursing students enrolled in 22 Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) programs in Illinois. The sample, representing over 90 percent of…

Frerichs, Marian L.

466

Hot Math: Promoting Mathematical Problem Solving among Third-Grade Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes "Hot Math," a third-grade intervention conducted with small groups of students with disabilities or in inclusive classrooms that fosters mathematical problem solving. Hot Math integrates two promising practices to promote mathematical problem solving, explicit instruction about transfer and self-regulation strategies.…

Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Prentice, Karin; Burch, Mindy; Paulsen, Kim

2002-01-01

467

Algebra I Achievement of Eighth Grade Mexican American Students Using Cooperative Learning versus Traditional Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine constructivist-based algebra lessons and a cooperative construct to address the achievement gap between White (non-Hispanic) and Mexican American 8th grade students at a southern California middle school. The lessons were designed to facilitate social interdependence which promoted peer-to-peer interaction…

Bunrasi, John Bosco Tuptip

2012-01-01

468

Documenting Student Performance: An Alternative to the Traditional Calculation of Grade Point Averages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally, students in secondary and postsecondary education have grade point averages (GPA) calculated, and a cumulative GPA computed to summarize overall performance at their institutions. GPAs are used for acknowledgement and awards, as partial evidence for admission to other institutions (colleges and universities), and for awarding…

Volwerk, Johannes J.; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

469

The Impact of Single-Gender Classrooms on Student Achievement in Seventh Grade Math Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A mathematics achievement gap exists between males and females. The measurement of achievement was compared between single-gender and traditional classroom students in the 7th grade to assess whether or not a single-gender environment affected their scores. The Measures of Academic Progress (MAP) state assessment served as the data collection…

Sutton, Antwon M.

2009-01-01

470

How Children's Literature Affects Positive Social Behavior of Third Grade Students at a Selected Elementary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the effects of quality children's literature on positive social behaviors in the classroom. A third grade class of 20 students and their classroom teacher were surveyed on eight positive social behaviors of responsibility, honesty, courage, work value, self-discipline, compassion, and friendship and loyalty, which are…

Rominger, Polly E.; Kariuki, Patrick

471

Language Arts Achievement of Fourth Grade Students with Regard to Gender, Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to see if a difference exists in the language arts proficiency levels of 2,080 fourth grade students with regard to gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status from 2010 through 2012 on the Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program. Specifically, this study considered the possibility that a difference existed in language…

Davis, Paula Coldwell

2013-01-01

472

Measuring Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviours Concerning Sustainable Development among Tenth Grade Students in Manitoba  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we present standardized measures of tenth grade students' knowledge, attitudes and behaviours concerning sustainable development as those concepts are understood in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, and we test the hypothesis that knowledge and favourable attitudes toward SD lead to favourable…

Michalos, Alex C.; Creech, Heather; Swayze, Natalie; Kahlke, P. Maurine; Buckler, Carolee; Rempel, Karen

2012-01-01

473

Supporting the Language Development of Limited English Proficient Students through Arts Integration in the Primary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article looks at how arts integration can boost the language development of limited English proficient students in kindergarten through second grade. I first review existing research on how young children learn and describe the special challenges faced by children who must learn in an unfamiliar language. I then identify arts-based mechanisms…

Brouillette, Liane

2012-01-01

474

ITEM RESPONSE ANALYSES OF THE EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES SURVEY 9TH GRADE STUDENT QUESTIONNAIRE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS REPORT PRESENTS THE ANALYSIS OF QUESTIONNAIRE ITEM RESPONSES FROM THE NINTH-GRADE STUDENT QUESTIONNAIRE ADMINISTERED AS PART OF THE EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES SURVEY. THE ANALYSES WERE PERFORMED TO DOCUMENT SOME OF THE BASIC DATA FROM THE SURVEY, TO MAKE THEM AVAILABLE TO INTERESTED EDUCATIONAL RESEARCHERS, AND TO REWORK THE BASIC DATA FOR…

WEINFELD, FREDERIC D.; AND OTHERS

475

Engaging Parents of Eighth Grade Students in Parent-Teacher Bidirectional Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development and evaluation of a classroom-based, low-cost intervention to increase parents' involvement in their children's education. In Phase 1 of the study, 17 parents of 8th grade students in a low-income, high immigrant and minority school district were interviewed to conduct a qualitative assessment of factors…

Bennett-Conroy, Waveline

2012-01-01

476

An Investigation of Grade 12 Students' Misconceptions Relating to Fundamental Characteristics of Molecules and Atoms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An understanding of the concepts of atoms and molecules is fundamental to the learning of chemistry. Any misconceptions and alternative conceptions related to these concepts which students harbor will impede much further learning. This paper identifies misconceptions related to the fundamental characteristics of atoms and molecules which Grade 12…

Griffiths, Alan Keith; Preston, Kirk R.

477

A COMPARISON OF WHITE AND NEGRO NINTH GRADE STUDENTS' READING INTERESTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AN INVESTIGATION OF THE SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES, BY RACE AND SEX, OF SPECIFIC STUDENTS ENROLLED IN TWO RECENTLY INTEGRATED HIGH SCHOOLS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES IS REPORTED. SUBJECTS WERE 264 NINTH-GRADE PUPILS--140 NEGROES AND 124 CAUCASIANS. TO MEASURE READING INTERESTS AND CHOICE OF MATERIALS, A 40-ITEM QUESTIONNAIRE WAS…

OLSON, ARTHUR V.; ROSEN, CARL L.

478

Supporting the Language Development of Limited English Proficient Students through Arts Integration in the Primary Grades  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article looks at how arts integration can boost the language development of limited English proficient students in kindergarten through second grade. I first review existing research on how young children learn and describe the special challenges faced by children who must learn in an unfamiliar language. I then identify arts-based mechanisms that boost the language development of limited English

Liane Brouillette

2012-01-01

479

An Analysis of Computational Errors in the Use of Division Algorithms by Fourth-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a study that analyzed errors made by randomly chosen fourth grade students (25 of 57) while using the division algorithm and investigated the effect of remediation on identified systematic errors. Results affirm that error pattern diagnosis and directed remediation lead to new learning and long-term retention. (MDH)

Stefanich, Greg P.; Rokusek, Teri

1992-01-01

480

Precursors of Gang Involvement among Ninth Grade Students: A Longitudinal Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relative influence of peer and parenting behavior on changes in adolescent gang involvement and gang-related delinquency. An ethnically diverse sample of 300 urban ninth-grade students was recruited and assessed on 8 occasions during the school year. Analyses were conducted using hierarchical linear modeling. Results…

Walker-Barnes, Chanequa J.; Mason, Craig A.; Arrue, Rafael Martinez

481

Development of the Performance of Process Skills (POPS) Test for Middle Grades Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to construct a valid and reliable noncurriculum specific measure of integrated science process skills intended for use with middle school students. The major efforts in test development were focused on the refinements and modifications of the set of objectives and test items assessed by the existing Middle Grades

Mattheis, Floyd E.; Nakayama, Genzo

482

Improving Fifth Grade Students' Mathematics Self-Efficacy Calibration and Performance through Self-Regulation Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This primary goal of this study was to investigate the effects of strategy training and self-reflection, two subprocesses of Zimmerman's cyclical model of self-regulation, on fifth grade students' mathematics performance, self-efficacy, self-evaluation, and calibration measures of self-efficacy bias, self-efficacy accuracy, self-evaluation bias,…

Ramdass, Darshanand H.

2009-01-01

483

The Emergent Charter School Model for Ninth Grade Mildly Disabled United States Students: Extending to Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An ethnographic, descriptive research methodology was used to explore the service delivery of three U.S. charter schools (one independent and two dependent secondary public charter schools) in Southern New England, United States as they relate to grade nine mildly disabled special needs students. Field research was also conducted in Costa Rica and…

Vincent, Emmanuel Teah

2009-01-01

484

Enhancing On-Task Behavior in Fourth-Grade Students Using a Modified Color Wheel System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors used a withdrawal design to evaluate the effects of a modified Color Wheel System (M-CWS) on the on-task behavior of 7 students enrolled in the 4th grade. Standard CWS procedures were modified to include a 4th set of rules designed to set behavioral expectation for cooperative learning activities. Mean data showed that immediately…

Blondin, Carolyn; Skinner, Christopher; Parkhurst, John; Wood, Allison; Snyder, Jamie

2012-01-01

485

A Comparison of Students' Choices of 9th Grade Physical Education Activities by Ethnicity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to determine physical education activity preferences of 9th grade students in a southern California school district and to compare preferences by ethnicity. Results indicated that basketball, football, bowling, softball/baseball, swimming, and volleyball were the most preferred activities. These preferences may be…

Hill, Grant M.; Cleven, Brian

2006-01-01

486

Fifth Grade Students' Experiences Participating in Active Gaming in Physical Education: The Persistence to Game  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although video games are often associated with sedentary behaviors, active gaming is a new genre that requires children to become physically active while playing the games. In this study six fifth grade students' experiences participating in active gaming in eight-week physical education classes were explored. Qualitative methods of interviews,…

Hansen, Lisa; Sanders, Steve

2010-01-01

487

A Comparative Analysis of Preschool Attendance and Reading Achievement among Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preschool attendance is considered an important factor for predicting later success in literacy achievement. This quantitative ex-post facto study examined whether attendance of public prekindergarten is related to improved reading achievement in 2nd grade students in a rural, southeastern school district. The learning theories of Piaget, Bandura,…

Burton, Kelly Latham

2011-01-01

488

English Language Arts Scores among Sixth Grade Students Enrolled on an Elementary versus Middle School Campus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A K-12 school district located in southern California was faced with overcrowding at 1of its middle schools for the 2011-2012 school year. This project study was designed to explore if an elementary or middle school campus was best in supporting students' academics while they were in transition to 6th grade middle school. Maslow's…

Johnson, La-Trice

2013-01-01

489

Stop Tobacco in Restaurants: Fifth-Grade Students STIR City Hall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It all started with a night of bowling in Austin, Texas, when fifth-grade student Amit had an evening of fun with his grandparents. When Amit returned to his home in Lubbock, TX, and tried to replicate his newfound recreation, his night of bowling fun ended after 10 minutes in an asthma attack. His second attempt at Lubbock bowling also brought a…

Gifted Child Today, 2004

2004-01-01

490

Principal Leadership: How Knowledge, Agency, and Beliefs Influence Grade-Level K-8 Student Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite voluminous research on the detrimental effects of grade-level retention, it continues as a regular practice in American public schools as an intervention for struggling students. While research has been done on the roles and influences of teachers on the retention process, little has been done to measure the influence of the school…

Evans, Matthew Thomas

2012-01-01

491

Evaluation of an Energy Conservation Program for 9th Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Energy Challenge is an environmental education program that is administered to ninth grade students in the public schools of a small Midwestern city in the United States. The program is sponsored and administered by the two local electric utilities, and it has been going on for seven years. To determine the effectiveness of the program, a…

Osbaldiston, Richard; Schmitz, Hannah

2011-01-01

492

Factors Mediating the Effect of Gender on Ninth-Grade Turkish Students' Misconceptions Concerning Electric Circuits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to identify and analyze possible factors that mediate the effect of gender on ninth-grade Turkish students' misconceptions concerning electric circuits. A Simple Electric Circuit Concept Test (SECCT), including items with both practical and theoretical contexts, and an Interest-Experience Questionnaire about Electricity…

Sencar, Selen; Eryilmaz, Ali

2004-01-01

493

Enhancing Interest in Nursing as a Career Choice with Fifth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was designed to provide information on the career development of fifth-grade students and to explore the influence of an education program on children's interest in nursing as a career choice, especially related to gender. Interest in nursing is conceptualized as interest, competence perception, and desire to help other people. A…

Turner, Pamela Lee

2008-01-01

494

Educational and Personal Characteristics of Four Different Types of Learning- and Grade-Oriented Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measures of general personality, study habits and attitudes, test anxiety, locus of control, and psychological types were used to provide a personal and educational characterization for students in each of the four different groups defined by LOGO II, a questionnaire designed to examine for grade orientation and learning orientation. (LMO)

Eison, James A.; And Others

1986-01-01

495

Accelerated Mathematics and High-Ability Students' Math Achievement in Grades Three and Four  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the use of a computer-managed integrated learning system entitled Accelerated Math (AM) as a supplement to traditional mathematics instruction on achievement as measured by TerraNova achievement tests of third and fourth grade high-ability students. Gender, socioeconomic status, and…

Stanley, Ashley M.

2011-01-01

496

Effects of Integrating Multimedia into the Third Grade Mathematics Curriculum to Improve Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project was designed to test Mayer's multimedia theory in an elementary school to improve students' mathematics learning for low-income children. The study designed and developed two multimedia mathematics experiments in 3rd grade: 9's multiplication experiment and geometric solids experiment. The two experimental lessons were implemented in…

Liu, Yuliang

2012-01-01

497

Motivating Every Student in Literacy (Including the Highly Unmotivated!), Grades 3-6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Motivating Every Student in Literacy (Including the Highly Unmotivated!), Grades 3-6" provides an effective model for improving reading levels and increasing motivation. Under the guidance of Athans and Devine, classroom leaders develop their own Motivation Improvement Action Plans, where small-group instruction, end-of-unit assessments, and…

Athans, Sandra K.; Devine, Denise Ashe

2010-01-01

498

Sixth grade students' perceptions of science and scientists following a field-based science investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to better understand the influences of field-based investigations on sixth graders' perceptions of science and scientists. I chose to do this study due to my desire for middle grade students to have the opportunity to learn science as scientists, to increase their interest in science, and to create a positive attitude about science at

Terrie Leigh Kielborn

2001-01-01

499

The Impact of Grading Standards on Student Achievement, Educational Attainment, and Entry-Level Earnings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the High School and Beyond survey, estimates the effects of grading standards on student achievement, educational attainment, and entry-level earnings. Finds that higher standards raise test scores throughout the distribution of achievement, but have no positive effect on educational attainment--in fact have negative effects on…

Betts, Julian R.; Grogger, Jeff

2003-01-01

500

Mathematics for the Elementary School, Grade 5, Student's Text, Part II, Unit No. 30. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is part two of a two-part SMSG elementary school text for fifth-grade students. The content is aimed at the development of some of the fundamental concepts of mathematics such as number, numeration, the operations of arithmetic, and intuitive geometry. Chapter topics include addition and subtraction of rational numbers, measurement of angles,…

Beatty, Leslie; And Others