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1

HOSA Competitive Event Guidelines. Health Occupations Students of America. Students with Special Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for use by instructors and advisors of handicapped students, this guide presents guidelines for judging the performance of special needs students in Health Occupations Students of America (HOSA) competetive events in eight allied health occupations education areas. These areas are dietetics, first aid, hospitality, housekeeping, job…

Candelori, Elaine M.; And Others

2

Occupational Health Teaching for Pre Registration Nursing Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responses from 41 of 66 nursing schools showed that occupational health is taught in 88% of nursing diploma and 80% of nursing degree programs. However, the majority focus on nurses' own occupational safety and health, not how patients' health can be affected by work or can affect the ability to work. (SK)

Whitaker, Stuart; Wynn, Philip; Williams, Nerys

2002-01-01

3

Occupational Health  

MedlinePLUS

Occupational health problems occur at work or because of the kind of work you do. These problems can include ... by exposure to radiation Exposure to germs in health care settings Good job safety and prevention practices ...

4

Allied Health Occupations II. Dental Assistant Component. Student Learning Guide. Middletown Public Schools Curriculum Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume outlines the requirements and content of a second-year course in allied health occupations education that is designed to provide students with a practical understanding of the work done by dentists, dental hygienists, dental laboratory technicians, and dental assistants and also to help students acquire some basic dental assistant…

Middletown Public Schools, CT.

5

Allied Health Occupations II. Physical Therapy Aide Component. Student Learning Guide. Middletown Public Schools Curriculum Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume outlines the requirements and content of a second-year course in allied health occupations education that is designed to provide students with a practical understanding of the work done by physical therapists and physical therapy assistants. Addressed in the individual units of the course are the following topics: the health team for…

Middletown Public Schools, CT.

6

Student Assessment System. Student Performance Record. Task Detailing. Allied Health Occupations/Practical Nursing. Georgia Vocational Education Program Articulation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet lists tasks and functions the health occupations student should be able to do upon entering an employment situation or a postsecondary school. (Listings are also available for the areas of cosmetology and transportation/automotive mechanics.) Tasks are coded to correspond to those on the Student Performance Record, which details a…

Georgia Univ., Athens. Div. of Vocational Education.

7

Health Occupations--Practical Nurse. Kit No. 45. Instructor's Manual [and] Student Learning Activity Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An instructor's manual and student activity guide on practical nursing are provided in this set of prevocational education materials which focuses on the vocational area of health occupations. (This set of materials is one of ninety-two prevocational education sets arranged around a cluster of seven vocational offerings: agriculture, home…

Jackson, Janette

8

Health Occupations--Thermometer. Kit No. 2. Instructor's Manual [and] Student Learning Activity Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An instructor's manual and student activity guide on the oral thermometer are provided in this set of prevocational education materials which focuses on the vocational area of health occupations. (This set of materials is one of ninety-two prevocational education sets arranged around a cluster of seven vocational offerings: agriculture, home…

Jackson, Janette

9

Principles and Practices of Occupational Safety and Health: Student Manual: Booklet Three.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manual is the third of six student manuals for use in a course on occupational health and safety for supervisory personnel. The manual contains lessons 6 and 7 of the 15 consecutively-numbered lessons, each of which contains study questions (and answers) interwoven with the text and review questions at the end of each section. Lesson 6 covers…

Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Washington, DC.

10

Health Occupations--Dental Assistant. Kit No. 62. Instructor's Manual [and] Student Learning Activity Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An instructor's manual and student activity guide on a dental assistant are provided in this set of prevocational education materials which focuses on the vocational area of health occupations. (This set of materials is one of ninety-two prevocational education sets arranged around a cluster of seven vocational offerings: agriculture, home…

Jackson, Janette

11

Allied Health Occupations II. Radiologic Technologist Aide Component. Student Learning Guide. Middletown Public Schools Curriculum Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume outlines the requirements and content of a second-year course in allied health occupations education that is designed to provide students with a practical understanding of the work done by the radiologic team and to enable them to acquire some basic skills used in the X-ray department. Addressed in the individual units of the course…

Middletown Public Schools, CT.

12

Allied Health Occupations II. Medical Laboratory Assistant Component. Student Learning Guide. Middletown Public Schools Curriculum Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume outlines the requirements and content of a second-year course in allied health occupations education that is intended to provide students with a practical understanding of the work done by medical laboratory technicians and technologists. Addressed in the individual units of the course are the following topics: the value of…

Middletown Public Schools, CT.

13

Principles and Practices of Occupational Safety and Health: Student Manual: Booklet Four.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manual is the fourth of six student manuals for use in a course on occupational health and safety for supervisory personnel. The manual contains lessons 8-11 of the 15 consecutively-numbered lessons, each of which contains study questions (and answers) interwoven with the text and review questions at the end of each section. Lesson 8 discusses…

Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Washington, DC.

14

Infection Control Protocol for Student Clinical Experiences. A Protocol Document for Health Occupations Education Programs in Missouri.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed especially for high school health occupations education programs in Missouri, this guide uses U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) rules as a base for guidelines for student participation in health care. The document informs administrators and teachers about special circumstances that must be considered in the…

Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

15

Photo competition as a tool for providing occupational health education to general secondary school students.  

PubMed

Objectives: Education on occupational health and safety (OHS) is not a compulsory part of the curriculum of general secondary schools (GSSs) in many countries. Adolescence is a formative period. Mainstreaming education in OHS into GSSs is necessary in order to initiate in students a risk prevention culture. We explored the feasibility of using a photo competition (PC) concerning health protection at work as a health education tool by assessing the degrees of relevant responses of students aged 13-18, teachers, parents and private enterprises and by identifying the types of work and hazards selected in 17 state and non-state GSSs of a Greek municipality. Methods: Following the mayor's decision to hold a PC, prizes were secured from 11 private donors, the PC was publicized widely, and presentations on OHS were delivered to students by an occupational physician and suitably instructed teachers; the students then took photos of identifiable work situations containing OHS hazards, with protection either present or absent. Photos were assessed by juries of the Municipality and of the European Centre for the Environment and Health of the WHO. Results: The 87 photos submitted revealed that students had an understanding of 15 types of OHS hazards, mainly knocks and blows (28.7%) and falls from heights (26.4%) but also of diseases (respiratory, back pain, hearing loss), in 28 types of non-school work, mostly in transport (12.6%) and construction (9.1%), and recognized measures for protection in 50.5% of photos. Conclusions: This PC concerning OHS in GSSs is the first reported in the literature, and it proved to be a feasible, extracurricular educational activity that requires increased teacher collaboration within the school curriculum.(J Occup Health 2013; 55: 516-519). PMID:24025856

Bazas, Theodore; Krikella, Alkinoi; Zorba, Konstantina; Kapsali, Konstantina

2014-03-19

16

A Guide to Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to familiarize secondary students with the variety of occupational opportunities in the health field. It may be used in one of three ways--as a health career reference for guidance counselors, career counselors, teachers, and students; as a guide to introduce students to the health field; or as a text for career education.…

Cheu, Janey M. Y.; And Others

17

Learning Contracts and the Use of Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) for Occupational Therapy Students on Mental Health Fieldwork  

Microsoft Academic Search

To counteract stereotyped views of the mentally ill and to empower occupational therapy students on their mental health clerkship, students developed individualized learning contracts. The contract required formulating their educational goals as a series of graded steps structured through the use of a sequential numerical scale, Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) (Kiresuk & Sherman, 1968). Goals were related to the students'

Anne Hiller Scott

1998-01-01

18

Health Occupations  

MedlinePLUS

... around the clock, people who work in the health care industry provide care for millions of people, ... newborns to the very ill. In fact, the health care industry is one of largest providers of ...

19

Teaching Occupational Health to Physicians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comprehensive training program is described that prepares students to identify and prevent occupational disease, emphasizing public health. Content areas include epidemiology and biostatistics, toxicology, industrial hygiene, safety and ergonomics, policy issues, administration, and clinical aspects. (Author/LBH)

Wegman, David H.; And Others

1978-01-01

20

Ethics in Occupational Health  

PubMed Central

We know little about perceptions, practices, or constraints of ethics in occupational health because little research has been done. Opinions about the field, however, are abundant. Existing codes of ethical practice in occupational health have not consciously been derived from the fundamental principles of “freedom” and “well-being” or from philosophical premises and methods; rather, they are based on consensus among practitioners. The author outlines useful concepts and methods for making decisions about ethical questions in occupational health.

Haines, Ted

1989-01-01

21

Occupational Therapy in Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies have identified a low preference for mental health careers among students and practitioners in occupational therapy. Factors implicated include the social stigma of mental health in the community, fieldwork experience, academic preparation, and work setting factors such as role ambiguity and chronicity of clients. Of these factors, fieldwork may be the most important influence. A survey was administered

Anne Cusick; Tracey Demattia; Sharon Doyle

1993-01-01

22

[Health inequalities and occupational health].  

PubMed

There has been an emergent issue of health inequalities in Japan. Tackling health inequalities has been put on the primary agenda in the revised national health promotion campaign, so called "Kenko-Nippon-21"(Healthy Japan 21), which was announced in 2012. Against the background of this social movement, the present article argues how occupational health can contribute to health inequality issue based on the knowledge of public health and social epidemiology.Firstly, we reviewed a brief sketch of health inequality at occupational settings including position, job, and employment status. Secondly, we de scribed a conceptual model of a causal pathway of occupational class and health, based on the idea of life-course approach, and models such as cumulative model, trigger model and latent effect/sensitive period model. Finally, we proposed that health impact assessment as a tool to mitigate health inequality related to occupational policy. PMID:24107352

Fujino, Yoshihisa; Kubo, Tatsuhiko; Matsuda, Shinya

2013-10-01

23

Health Occupations. Nursing Assistant.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Materials contained in this package are designed for use with students interested in the occupation of nurses aide. The package has two sections, one which looks closely at the job and the student, and the other--the curriculum phase--which concerns actual student use of learning activity packages (LAPs). These two components together form a "job…

Megow, Joye G.

24

Instructional Analysis for Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional analysis centers on identifying the skills, related knowledge, teacher activities, and student activities that are central to teaching various topics included in the core curriculum for health occupations courses. Addressed in the volume are the following instructional areas: first aid; medical terminology; medical asepsis;…

East Texas State Univ., Commerce. Occupational Curriculum Lab.

25

Student Assessment System. Domain Referenced Tests. Allied Health Occupations/Practical Nursing. Volume 1: Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These performance tests for the area of allied health occupations/practical nursing consist of a sampling technique (domain referenced tests) which covers all the possible performance situations. When used in total, they may also serve as a comprehensive test. Introductory materials discuss domain referenced testing, determining the domains, and…

Simpson, Bruce; And Others

26

Mental Health Occupational Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article briefly reviews the history of ideas and practice in psychosocial occupational therapy. It then reports the results of two studies which examined present-day perspectives as reflected in occupational therapy literature and the actural practices of psychosocial therapists. The first study was based on a review of mental health-related articles in AJOT and OTMH; the second represented secondary analyses

Gary Kielhofner; Roann Barris

1984-01-01

27

Rural Health Occupations Model Project. Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Lee College (Baytown, Texas) Rural Health Occupations Model Project was designed to provide health occupations education tailored to disadvantaged, disabled, and/or limited-English-proficient high school students and adults and thereby alleviate the shortage of nurses and health care technicians in two rural Texas counties. A tech prep program…

Lee Coll., Baytown, TX.

28

Occupational health in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Brazil is a recently industrialised country with marked contrasts in social and economic development. The availability of\\u000a public\\/private services in its different regions also varies. Health indicators follow these trends. Occupational health is\\u000a a vast new field, as in other developing countries. Occupational medicine is a required subject in graduation courses for\\u000a physicians. Specialisation courses for university graduated professionals have

Bernardo Bedrikow; Eduardo Algranti; José Tarcísio Penteado Buschinelli; Luiz Carlos Morrone

1997-01-01

29

Secondary Health Occupations Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This color coded curriculum guide for secondary health occupations in Iowa provides units for the first phase of the curriculum, career exploration of the health occupations. The nine units cover the following topics: (1) introduction to health occupations; (2) health occupations career exploration; (3) communication skills; (4) self-care and…

Matzen, Shelley; Muhl, V. Jane

30

Occupational health in Brazil.  

PubMed

Brazil is a recently industrialised country with marked contrasts in social and economic development. The availability of public/private services in its different regions also varies. Health indicators follow these trends. Occupational health is a vast new field, as in other developing countries. Occupational medicine is a required subject in graduation courses for physicians. Specialisation courses for university graduated professionals have more than 700 hours of lectures and train occupational health physicians, safety engineers and nursing staff. At the technical level, there are courses with up to 1300 hours for the training of safety inspectors. Until 1986 about 19,000 occupational health physicians, 18,000 safety engineers and 51,000 safety inspectors had been officially registered. Although in its infancy, postgraduation has attracted professionals at university level, through residence programmes as well as masters and doctors degrees, whereby at least a hundred good-quality research studies have been produced so far. Occupational health activities are controlled by law. Undertakings with higher risks and larger number of employees are required to hire specialised technical staff. In 1995 the Ministry of Labour demanded programmes of medical control of occupational health (PCMSO) for every worker as well as a programme of prevention of environmental hazards (PPRA). This was considered as a positive measure for the improvement of working conditions and health at work. Physicians specialising in occupational medicine are the professionals more often hired by the enterprises. Reference centres (CRSTs) for workers' health are connected to the State or City Health Secretariat primary health care units. They exist in more populated areas and are accepted by workers as the best way to accomplish the diagnosis of occupational diseases. There is important participation by the trade unions in the management of these reference centres. For 30 years now employers organisations have also kept specialised services for safety and occupational health. Although they are better equipped they are less well used by the workers than the CRSTs. At the federal level, activities concerned with occupational health are connected to three ministries: Labour, Health and Social Security. The Ministry of Labour enacts legislation on hygiene, safety and occupational medicine, performs inspections through its regional units and runs a number of research projects. The Ministry of Health provides medical care for workers injured or affected by occupational diseases and also has surveillance programmes for certain occupational diseases. The Ministry of Social Security provides rehabilitation and compensation for registered workers. In spite of a decrease in the number of accidents at work during the past 25 years, working conditions have not improved. Changes in the laws of social security in the 1970s discouraged registration and reporting of occupational injuries and diseases. In consequence death rates due to accidents increased. With the implementation of the CRSTs, the recorded incidence of occupational diseases has risen, not only because of improved diagnosis, but also because of stronger pressure from the unions and better organisation of public services and enterprises. PMID:9342620

Bedrikow, B; Algranti, E; Buschinelli, J T; Morrone, L C

1997-01-01

31

Occupational Justice Informed by Service Learning in Undergraduate Occupational Science Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past ten years, several undergraduate programs in occupational science have been developed in the United States. These programs have diverse curriculums and pedagogical approaches that inform undergraduate students in the basic science of occupation and the relationship of occupation and health. Occupational science concepts developed over the same period include occupational justice and injustice. Townsend and Wilcock described

Rybski Debra; Gettemeier Peggy MPH COTAL; Serfas Katie OTD OTRL

2009-01-01

32

Occupational Health for Healthcare Providers  

MedlinePLUS

... prevention practices. They can reduce your risk of health problems. Use protective equipment, follow infection control guidelines, ... manage stress. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

33

Occupational Safety and Health Act: A Responsibility for Science Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents implications of the Occupational Safety and Health Act for science teachers both as workers and as they encourage, in students, the development of positive safety attitudes for future occupations. (PEB)

Science Teacher, 1974

1974-01-01

34

Student Perceptions of Occupational Congruency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated student perceptions of occupational congruency using Holland's realistic, investigative, artistic, social, enterprising, and conventional personality and environment types. Four levels of person-environment congruency were established from the hexagonal ordering of the types. Student perceptions of congruent activities, values,…

Williams, Gerald D.

1975-01-01

35

Health Occupations Module. Communication in Health Occupations--II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module on communication in health occupations is one of eight modules designed for individualized instruction in health occupations education programs at both the secondary and postsecondary levels. This module contains an introduction to the module topic and one learning experience. The learning experience contains six activities (e.g., read…

Temple Univ., Philadelphia, PA. Div. of Vocational Education.

36

Achieving Quality in Occupational Health  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The conference convened approximately 100 registered participants of invited guest speakers, NASA presenters, and a broad spectrum of the Occupational Health disciplines representing NASA Headquarters and all NASA Field Centers. Centered on the theme, "Achieving Quality in Occupational Health," conferees heard presentations from award winning occupational health program professionals within the Agency and from private industry; updates on ISO 9000 status, quality assurance, and information technologies; workshops on ergonomics and respiratory protection; an overview from the newly commissioned NASA Occupational Health Assessment Team; and a keynote speech on improving women's health. In addition, NASA occupational health specialists presented 24 poster sessions and oral deliveries on various aspects of current practice at their field centers.

O'Donnell, Michele (Editor); Hoffler, G. Wyckliffe (Editor)

1997-01-01

37

Supervising structured learning experiences for students in New Jersey: training teachers in school-based occupational health and safety practice.  

PubMed

This article describes the structured learning experience (SLE) supervisory training curriculum coordinated by the New Jersey Safe Schools Program, a project supported by the New Jersey Department of Education, Office of Career and Technical Education. The New Jersey SLE supervisory training program comprises training courses and resources for teachers who supervise secondary school minors (students aged 16 to 18 years and special needs students up to age 21) enrolled in various programs--college preparatory, general education, career and technical education, career academies, and special education. One goal of the program is to enhance knowledge and awareness of legal and scientific occupational safety and health principles to ensure safe, rewarding work experiences inside and outside classrooms. This article describes our experiences and data available from November 2005 to January 2008. We summarize relevant federal and state laws and agencies; potential exposure agents and microenvironments of concern; stakeholders and training partners; process and immediate impact data from SLE supervisory trainings; and lessons learned to inform states that may adopt similar strategies or regulations. PMID:19618809

Shendell, Derek G; Hemminger, Laura E; Campbell, Jennifer K; Schlegel, Barry

2009-01-01

38

Occupational Safety and Health Administration  

MedlinePLUS

... RSS Feeds OSHA Newsletter RSS Feeds Occupational Safety & Health Administration We Can Help What's New | Offices Home ... Publications Harwood Grant Publications Recordkeeping Forms Assistance Safety/Health Topics Pages Small Business Speeches State Programs Temporary ...

39

Health Occupations: Cluster Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is one of a series of publications focusing on the occupational preparation of persons with special education needs. The material was developed and tested by cooperating teachers over a period of three years. Task analysis information is presented using occupational descriptions from the Dictionary of Occupational Titles,…

Central Michigan Univ., Mount Pleasant.

40

Influences on Occupational Therapy Students' Attitudes About Mental Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the great need for occupational therapists in mental health care, fewer and fewer therapists practice in this area. Many factors may be involved in a search for explanations of this documented trend, especially when studying occupational therapy students actively weighing the decision of which practice area to pursue. Instructor influence and prior structured experience with mental health may be

Eileen A. Graessle

1997-01-01

41

Occupational attainment in selected allied health professions.  

PubMed

This study examined the factors in the process of occupational attainment for a single group, the allied health professions. A 14-variable causal model was developed to explain postcollege attainment of a job in one of five allied health professions: medical dietetics, medical social work, occupational therapy, physical therapy, or speech therapy. The sample was composed of 272 college students who responded to the Cooperative Institutional Research Program surveys of 1971 and 1980. Analysis indicated that several variables, including academic integration, having a science major, and being oriented to service, had significant direct effects on attainment in the allied health professions. Knowledge of the personal characteristics and achievements of those who successfully enter jobs in the allied health professions may allow informed student and faculty choices and reduce recruitment and retention problems in schools of allied health. PMID:2272892

Stoecker, J L

1990-01-01

42

Allied Health Occupations II (Health Careers--Core Curriculum).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume outlines the requirements and content of a second-year course in allied health occupations education that is designed to provide students with background informational material and practical skills used in various health fields. Addressed in the individual units of the course are the following topics: safety; ethical and legal…

Middletown Public Schools, CT.

43

Indiana Health Occupations Education: Student Modules for Administration of Medications for Unlicensed Nursing Personnel. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These learning modules are designed to provide health care workers involved with medications with basic information about the nature and administration of medications. The 30 modules are organized into six units. An overview of preparation and administration of medicines, principles of medication therapy, and medication fundamentals are presented…

Bilger, Phyllis; And Others

44

Privacy and occupational health services  

PubMed Central

Privacy is a key ethical principle in occupational health services. Its importance is emphasised in several laws, in ethical codes of conduct as well as in the literature, yet there is only very limited empirical research on privacy in the occupational health context. Conceptual questions on privacy in the occupational health context are discussed. The baseline assumption is that, in this context, privacy cannot be approached and examined only from the employee's (an individual) vantage point but the employer's (a group) point of view must also be taken into account, and that the concept has several dimensions (physical, social, informational and psychological). Even though privacy is a basic human need, there is no universally accepted definition of the concept and no consensus on whether an organisation can have privacy in the same way as people do. Many of the challenges surrounding privacy in the context of occupational health seem to be associated with the dual loyalties of occupational health professionals towards the employee and employer and with their simultaneous duties of disseminating and protecting information (informational privacy). Privacy is thus not an absolute value, but more research is needed to understand its multidimensional nature in the context of occupational health.

Heikkinen, A; Launis, V; Wainwright, P; Leino-Kilpi, H

2006-01-01

45

Occupational Health and Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Labor Statistics, of the U.S. Department of Labor, agriculture remains one of the most dangerous industries in ... agricultural industry, and for every 100,000 workers, agriculture had the highest rate of fatal occupational injuries: ...

46

Coal gasification and occupational health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identification and prevention of health effects due to occupational exposures in coal gasification processes requires a basic knowledge of the technological process by which gasification proceeds. This paper presents an overview of the technology and a rational approach to health hazard identification based upon the concept of the unit operation specific micro environment. A final section is devoted to summarizing

RONALD J. YOUNG; WILLIAM J. McKAY; JAMES M. EVANS

1978-01-01

47

Curriculum Guide for Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed by teachers and representatives of the health service industries, this curriculum guide outlines the basic skills and knowledge necessary for entry-level competencies in the health field or for entrance into a post-high school or university programs. Section 1, Occupational and Instructional Data, provides manpower data and an analysis…

Oregon State Board of Education, Salem. Div. of Community Colleges and Career Education.

48

75 FR 56549 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Safety and Occupational Health...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Safety...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2010-09-16

49

The Ocean and Occupational Health  

PubMed Central

With the increase in offshore industrial operations, more needs to be known about health and safety of workers in such industries. Some general principles of occupational health apply; some special situations, such as depth diving, demand special knowledge and facilities. Equipment used also brings its own hazards. This article outlines the scope of health and safety concerns for those physicians whose patients work on or in the ocean. Imagesp1137-a

Prossin, Albert

1983-01-01

50

Occupational Mental Health, Labor Accidents and Occupational Diseases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses the relationship between mental health and labor accidents as it pertains to accident prevention, treatment of accident victims, and their rehabilitation. It also comments briefly on mental health and occupational diseases and the scope of the field of occupational mental health from a Chilean perspective. (AG)

Naveillan, F. Pedro

1973-01-01

51

Health Occupations: Scope and Sequence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, which was written as an initial step in the development of a systemwide articulated curriculum sequence for all vocational programs within the Metropolitan Nashville Public School System, outlines the suggested scope and sequence of a 3-year program in health occupations. The guide consists of a course description; general course…

Nashville - Davidson County Metropolitan Public Schools, TN.

52

Resource Manual for Health Occupations Education Instructors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource manual is designed to assist secondary health occupations instructors in implementing their health occupations programs. It contains two types of materials: informational topics and sample forms, letters, memos, and other materials. The manual begins with an overview of the health occupations education program, followed by these…

Feilner, Veronica, Ed.; Robling, Jeannine, Ed.

53

Prestige and Occupational Therapy in Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prestige of occupational therapy in mental health was studied in relationship to the prestige held by other mental health professions. One hundred fifty four mental health professionals, representing members of a psychiatric treatment team, were surveyed. Although all professionals agreed that occupational therapists held a moderate amount of prestige when considered apart from other disciplines, occupational therapists received the

Janet Falk-Kessler; Peter Ruopp

1993-01-01

54

Health protection: Occupational safety and health.  

PubMed Central

Many of the Nation's approximately 100 million workers are exposed to some kind of occupational health hazard: carcinogenic agents, pulmonary or other physical disease incitant, physical agents or job-related pressures of noise, crowding, or stress. Exposure to toxic chemicals or physical hazards can produce chronic lung disease, cancer, degenerative disease in a number of vital organ systems, birth defects, and genetic changes. These exposures are estimated to result in 100,000 Americans dying each year from occupationally related illnesses, with an additional 400,000 cases of occupationally related disease. Yet many workers are inadequately protected from common hazards. Recent experience has demonstrated that occupational hazards can be controlled by modifying the work environment, patterns of job performance, or both. Among the health protection measures available are those which: alter the work environment to prevent exposures and injuries; provide workers with special protective equipment; specify design and maintenance of equipment; and provide employees with proper training. Some companies have ventured into the health promotion arena and offered their employees worksite programs for promoting health through health education, physical fitness activities, stress reduction activities, and preventive medicine including screening for high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and other factors related to heart disease.

1983-01-01

55

Health Occupations. Technology Learning Activity. Teacher Edition. Technology Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet of technology learning activity (TLA) materials on health occupations for students in grades 6-10 consists of a technology education overview, information on use, and instructor's and student's sections. The overview discusses the technology education program and materials. Components of the instructor's and student's sections are…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater. Curriculum and Instructional Materials Center.

56

Occupational Health in Eastern Europe  

PubMed Central

Progress may be fostered as much by spreading information as by research. The aim of this review is to add to the existing knowledge of the pattern of occupational health services in the socialist countries of Eastern Europe. The work consists of two main parts. Part I is based on official information issued by government departments or typewritten reports prepared by government officials, and relates mostly to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and to Czechoslovakia. Part II is largely based on direct observation, discussion, and comparison of the occupational health services in Czechoslovakia, of which I have more extensive knowledge than of the other countries of Eastern Europe. This part embodies a number of conclusions and is followed by a list of bibliographical references. Throughout the review I have endeavoured to show how problems which exist all over the world are dealt with in Eastern Europe.

Malan, R. M.

1963-01-01

57

Undergraduate preparation for occupational health nursing.  

PubMed

Seven baccalaureate nursing programs in Arkansas were surveyed to ascertain what content pertinent to occupational health nursing was included in the curriculum. Programs were examined for clinical experiences in occupational health settings. All programs failed to include some of the needed content. None of the programs covered the Occupational Health and Safety Act and its importance in occupational health nursing. Only four of the seven programs offered clinical experiences ranging from a one day observation to a six week preceptorship in an occupational health setting. PMID:1834627

Fields, M R; Roundtree, P; Coleman, M A

1991-08-01

58

Occupational health nursing in Brazil: exploring the world through international occupational health programs.  

PubMed

1. Brazil's recent industrialization has led to the recognition of occupational health nursing as an important, emerging field. 2. Major occupational health concerns in Brazil include occupational illness and accidents, slavery, and child labor. 3. Legislation must be reformed to allow for the expansion of occupational health practice to include preventive measures as well as the assistance measures currently seen in Brazilian occupational health. PMID:16122138

Marziale, Maria Helena; Hong, OiSaeng

2005-08-01

59

Occupational Safety and Health. A Bibliography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication consists of an annotated bibliography of published sources treating occupational safety and health both generally and specifically. The literature included deals primarily with causes, and possible prevention, of occupational injury and di...

1974-01-01

60

Training Program in Occupational Health Concepts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is an edited and modified version of a series of lectures presented at the Mining Enforcement and Safety Administration Academy at Beckley, West Virginia, on various aspects of occupational health. Subjects discussed were occupational medicine;...

E. B. Sansone

1973-01-01

61

Evaluation and Control of Occupational Accident Potential (513). Student Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A student manual considering evaluation and control of workplace accident potential is presented. The plan consists of a 5 day 40 contact hour course in the workshop format for professional occupational safety and health workers. It was prepared for the N...

1980-01-01

62

Italian occupational health: concepts, conflicts, implications.  

PubMed Central

This paper examines Italy's worker-based model for occupational health, especially its key concepts and its relation to social conflict. It briefly reviews the history of three approaches to occupational health in Italy: university-based, industry-based, and government-based. It then analyzes the worker-based approach, which emerged in the late 1960s and early 1970s as worker groups and trade unions mobilized around new concepts of occupational health. Five key concepts are discussed: the workers' homogeneous group; workers' subjectivity; the use of contract language; the development of local occupational health institutions; and the use of occupational hazard risk maps. The analysis illustrates how the social processes of mobilization and institutionalization affected the ideas and structures of Italian occupational health. Worker mobilization in Italy produced ideological changes in the nation's occupational health system, institutional changes in universities and governments, and legislative changes at national and local levels. The institutionalization of reforms, however, created new conflicts and problems and tended to restrict worker participation and promote expert intervention. The paper concludes with a brief outline of the history of occupational health approaches in the United States and then discusses the implications of the five Italian concepts for US occupational health policy.

Reich, M R; Goldman, R H

1984-01-01

63

The contribution of occupation to health inequality  

PubMed Central

Health is distributed unequally by occupation. Workers on a lower rung of the occupational ladder report worse health, have a higher probability of disability and die earlier than workers higher up the occupational hierarchy. Using a theoretical framework that unveils some of the potential mechanisms underlying these disparities, three core insights emerge: (i) there is selection into occupation on the basis of initial wealth, education, and health, (ii) there will be behavioural responses to adverse working conditions, which can have compensating or reinforcing effects on health, and (iii) workplace conditions increase health inequalities if workers with initially low socioeconomic status choose harmful occupations and don’t offset detrimental health effects. We provide empirical illustrations of these insights using data for the Netherlands and assess the evidence available in the economics literature.

Ravesteijn, Bastian; van Kippersluis, Hans; van Doorslaer, Eddy

2014-01-01

64

76 FR 18220 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) In accordance...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2011-04-01

65

75 FR 26266 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) In accordance...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2010-05-11

66

76 FR 52330 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) In accordance...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2011-08-22

67

77 FR 75633 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) In accordance...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2012-12-21

68

77 FR 51810 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) In accordance...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2012-08-27

69

76 FR 3908 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS); National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH); Meeting...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2011-01-21

70

75 FR 5333 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) In accordance...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2010-02-02

71

77 FR 27776 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) In accordance...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2012-05-11

72

77 FR 4048 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, (NIOSH) In...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2012-01-26

73

78 FR 75922 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH or Institute...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2013-12-13

74

78 FR 56235 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH or Institute...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2013-09-12

75

78 FR 24751 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH or Institute...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2013-04-26

76

Health Occupations Education. Survey of Critical Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of the members of the American Vocational Association-Health Occupations Education (AVA-HOE) was conducted to identify critical issues concerning health occupations, establish the order of priority of these issues, and determine a position regarding each issue that was reflective of the opinion of the AVA-HOE members. Each member of the…

American Vocational Association, Washington, DC. Health Occupations Education Div.

77

Occupational Safety and Health Curriculum Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the enactment of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, the need for manpower development in the field of industrial safety and hygiene has resulted in the development of a broad based program in Occupational Safety and Health. The manual provides information to administrators and instructors on a program of study in this field for…

Gourley, Frank A., Jr., Comp.

78

Health Occupations Cluster. Secondary Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide was designed for use in secondary health occupations education programs in Georgia. It provides a model for organizing vocational instructional content in health occupations, such as nurse, dental assistant, medical lab technician, radiologic technician, emergency medical technician, respiratory therapy assistant, medical…

Simpson, Bruce; And Others

79

Health Occupations: Clinical Rotations and Learning Packets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A one-year introductory course covering twelve different health occupations is presented in this curriculum guide designed for use at the secondary education level. Following a list of course objectives and suggested time allotments for each unit, the health occupations course outline is provided. Unit titles are the following: orientation and…

Perrine, Patricia

80

75 FR 10629 - Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Occupational Safety and Health Administration Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health; Notice Federal Register...Occupational Safety and Health AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health...

2010-03-08

81

Community engagement: outcomes for occupational therapy students, faculty and clients.  

PubMed

Students in health care professions, including occupational therapy, are required to develop knowledge, skills and attitudes in mental health and research. Persons diagnosed with a mental illness, a learning disability or an autism-spectrum disorder desire to achieve goals in higher education and employment. Faculty in health care programmes strives to meet professional goals and accreditation and institution requirements for teaching, service and scholarship. The Bridge Program, a programme based on principles of community engagement, was developed to meet the needs of these three stakeholders. The objective of this paper is to provide programme description and outcomes of the effectiveness of the Bridge Program for all three stakeholders. This uses mixed methods research design including descriptive and quantitative and qualitative one-group pre-test-post-test designs. Instruments consisted of the Occupational Therapy Student and Mental Health Population Scale and the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure. Quantitative results support that graduate occupational therapy students gained research and clinical skills (n?=?100; p?=?.000); clients increased performance and satisfaction toward goals (n?=?113; p?=?.000) and faculty (n?=?1) achieved goals related to teaching, service and scholarship. Programmes based on principles of community engagement can address the needs of the community, can provide outcomes that advance knowledge about community practice and can result in benefits for all stakeholders. This paper is limited to generalization and instrumentation and recommends an ongoing evaluation of other community engagement programmes involving all stakeholders in the future research. PMID:24477943

Schindler, Victoria P

2014-06-01

82

An overview of Japanese occupational health.  

PubMed Central

This paper provides an overview of Japanese occupational health and evaluates the current situation from three perspectives. Major occupational health hazards are assessed using four sources of data, showing patterns similar to those found in other advanced industrial societies. Institutional structures for occupational health policy are then examined, illustrating strengths and weaknesses of the Japanese legal and administrative systems. Trade union activities are presented, indicating the constraints of enterprise unions, and the tendency for a greater orientation toward compensation than prevention. Significant occupational health problems persist among marginal workers in Japan, including women and various minority groups. The analysis demonstrates a record for occupational health in Japan considerably more mixed than the conventional view.

Reich, M R; Frumkin, H

1988-01-01

83

75 FR 44967 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICES National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Designation of...AGENCY: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Department...Support, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH),...

2010-07-30

84

Occupational safety and health law handbook  

SciTech Connect

This book reviews the regulations and standards governing the protection of employees in the workplace and provides insight into dealing with pertinent regulations and regulatory authorities. Written for safety professionals, industrial hygienists, human resource professionals, attorneys, and students, this companion to Government Institutes' best-selling ``Environmental Law Handbook'' offers the legal fundamentals behind occupational safety and health laws in one concise and authoritative volume. In 19 chapters, the authoring law firm of Keller and Heckman cover the OSHAct and its development; OSHA, NIOSH, and OSHRC; the roles played by other regulatory agencies; the OSHA rulemaking process; OSHA Standards and the General Duty Clause; record keeping and reporting; employers' and employees' rights; inspections; violations, penalties, and how to contest them; criminal prosecutions; state plans; industry-specific issues; OSHA reform; and international regulations and standards. This book references approximately 400 seminal OSHA legal decisions from the approximately 1,300 cases on record and includes coverage of Canadian and European Community regulations, making it the first comprehensive global overview of occupational safety and health law.

Sarvadi, D.G. [ed.; Keller; Heckman

1999-09-01

85

Occupational safety and health standards.  

PubMed

If we are to approach developing a safe and healthful workplace in a more timely fashion, a more generic approach must be considered and applied instead of developing recommendations and standards simply on a substance-by-substance basis, an approach that has been the most prominent. Some examples in which developing generic standards may be appropriate are: cholinesterase-inhibiting substances, neurotoxic agents, reproductive hazards, cold environments, and vibration syndrome, to name but a few. It is important to recognize that developing standards based on individual substances often does not allow for the role of synergism, a reaction that has had little study, but it is important in controlling occupational disease and injury. These concerns can be addressed in several ways. One is to look at processes or conditions found in the workplace; for example, coke oven emissions that OSHA has promulgated into a standard and, as NIOSH has done in their recommendations to OSHA for foundries, coal tar products, the manufacture of paint and allied coatings, field sanitation, hazardous waste management, hot environments, and confined spaces. Another is to address groups of similar substances such as NIOSH has done with alkanes, benzidine-based dyes, diisocyanates, dinitrotoluenes, and glycol ethers. A third comprehensive approach is to look at general categories of hazards, such as the generic carcinogen policy, and the hazard communication rule. Finally, risk must be considered in the development of any standard. Nelson Rockefeller once said in relation to an incidence involving a radiation hazard that, "you can't have a riskless society." I would amend this to say that you cannot have a reckless society either. Safety and health regulations are essential and must be designed, promulgated, and then enforced so that a reckless society is avoided or controlled, with a riskless society being the ultimate aim. PMID:2697168

Lemen, R A; Mazzuckelli, L F; Niemeier, R W; Ahlers, H W

1989-01-01

86

International survey of occupational health nurses' roles in multidisciplinary teamwork in occupational health services.  

PubMed

Access to occupational health services for primary prevention and control of work-related injuries and illnesses by the global workforce is limited (World Health Organization [WHO], 2013). From the WHO survey of 121 (61%) participating countries, only one-third of the responding countries provided occupational health services to more than 30% of their workers (2013). How services are provided in these countries is dependent on legal requirements and regulations, population, workforce characteristics, and culture, as well as an understanding of the impact of workplace hazards and worker health needs. Around the world, many occupational health services are provided by occupational health nurses independently or in collaboration with other disciplines' professionals. These services may be health protection, health promotion, or both, and are designed to reduce health risks, support productivity, improve workers' quality of life, and be cost-effective. Rantanen (2004) stated that basic occupational health services must increase rather than decline, especially as work becomes more complex; workforces become more dynamic and mobile, creating new models of work-places; and jobs become more precarious and temporary. To better understand occupational health services provided by occupational health nurses globally and how decisions are made to provide these services, this study examined the scope of services provided by a sample of participating occupational health nurses from various countries. [Workplace Health Saf 2014;62(7):274-281.]. PMID:25000546

Rogers, Bonnie; Kono, Keiko; Marziale, Maria Helena Palucci; Peurala, Marjatta; Radford, Jennifer; Staun, Julie

2014-07-01

87

Health Occupations: Grade 8. Cluster II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A curriculum guide for grade 8, the document is devoted to the occupational cluster "Health Occupations." It is divided into four units: the hospital, preventive medicine, drug use and abuse, and alcohol and tobacco. Each unit is introduced by a statement of the topic, the unit's purpose, main ideas, quests, and a list of career opportunities…

Calhoun, Olivia H.

88

Health Occupations Education. Biennial National Health Occupations Research Conference Proceedings. (5th, Nashville, Tennessee, December 1, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These proceedings include the agenda of the conference, a list of its cosponsors, and the texts of the following six papers presented at the conference: "Hepatitis Vaccine: Are Health Occupations Education Students Protected?" (Cynthia Chappelka); "Integrated Academics: An HOE Model" (Karen E. Gable, Beverly Ransdell); "The Ability of Work Related…

Rzonca, Chet, Ed.

89

Occupational Competency Profile for Health Occupations Education Program: Health Agency Assessment. Information Series: Report No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This assessment instrument is intended to provide health occupations teachers and state departments of education with information needed to revise and improve the curriculum used in training prospective health occupations teachers and in updating certification requirements for practicing health care professionals. The profile lists the…

Walters, Norma J.

90

Nurse managed occupational health centers: an overview.  

PubMed

1. Nurse managed centers provide clients with direct access to professional nursing care. 2. Lillian Wald, Mary Breckenridge, and Margaret Sanger established nurse managed centers at the beginning of this century. 3. Primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention programs and services are based on the mission, outcomes, staffing, and financing of the occupational health center. 4. Essential parameters for comprehensively evaluating an occupational health nurse managed center include, client outcomes, client satisfaction, and cost-benefit. PMID:9384001

Wachs, J E

1997-10-01

91

PATHWAYS TO HEALTH CAREERS, EXPLORING HEALTH OCCUPATIONS AND PROFESSIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CAREERS IN THE AREAS OF DENTISTRY, DIETETICS, MEDICAL RECORD LIBRARY SCIENCE, MEDICAL LABORATORY WORK, MEDICINE, NURSING, OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY, OPTOMETRY, PHARMACY, PHYSICAL THERAPY, PODIATRY, PUBLIC HEALTH, RADIOLOGIC TECHNOLOGY, SOCIAL WORK, VETERINARY MEDICINE, HOSPITAL ADMINISTRATION, AND OTHER HEALTH OCCUPATIONS ARE DESCRIBED IN TERMS OF THE…

Health Careers Council of Illinois, Chicago.

92

A university's contribution to occupational health.  

PubMed Central

The first Chair of Occupational Health in the United Kingdom was established by Manchester University in 1945 and held by Ronald Lane, a consultant physician and experienced factor doctor. In his department, occupational medicine was taught as a clinical discipline to both undergraduates and postgraduates. Research was based mostly on clinical observation of workpeople in the field or as hospital outpatients. Although work has become less hazardous, with major risks like pneumoconiosis and lead poisoning brought under control by better occupational hygiene and more effective epidemiology, there is still much work related illness and injury. Promoting occupational health in its broadest sense still depends on clinical skills to assess fitness for work and to identify responses to adverse factors in the environment. A university department, through its teaching and research, needs to ensure that occupational health is practised as a clinical discipline. Opportunities for research are extensive and include: (1) identifying the extent and severity of injury and illness due to adverse environmental agents and psychosocial factors; (2) assessing fitness among the disabled and the elderly in an aging population enabling them to be gainfully or otherwise employed, (3) improving techniques for measuring work exposures and human responses to adverse work factors, and (4) evaluating intervention procedures. To fulfil its teaching and research commitments, an occupational health department has to maintain contacts with other disciplines in the university and with the industrial world outside. Isolation can be fatal. Academic departments of occupational health offer information to employers, trade unions, and health professionals seeking advice on health and safety problems. Such an Information and Advisory service provides topics for research and earns an income. It should not become the main activity otherwise teaching and research will suffer.

Schilling, R S

1993-01-01

93

Educational Statistics for Selected Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Detailed statistics on education are provided for a number of health occupations. Data are given as far back as 1950-1951 for medical and dental schools, while for schools of public health, the data begin in 1975-1976. Complete 1980 data are provided only for dentistry, pharmacy, and veterinary medicine. Statistical tables are included on the…

Johnson, Donald W.; Holz, Frank M.

94

Safety Guide for Health Occupations Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The handbook is intended to be utilized by health occupations teachers as supplementary instructional materials for a unit on safety. The document contains general safety rules applicable to hospitals and other health care institutions. Outlined are general rules for fire safety and office and clerical safety and more specific rules for the…

Illinois State Board of Vocational Education and Rehabilitation, Springfield. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

95

Overview of Health Occupations Education in Iowa.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Health occupations education in Iowa is examined from the point of view of the programs currently offered and the need for expansion within the State. Among the 50 States, Iowa is unique in its organizational structure's capacity to serve health occupatio...

E. E. Kerr R. E. Gamel L. D. Holloway D. F. Peterson M. E. Rosendahl

1971-01-01

96

Exploring Manufacturing Occupations. Student's Manual. The Manufacturing Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student manual and the accompanying instructor's guide (CE 010 376) are directed toward exploring manufacturing occupations. It is designed to help the student explore the various career, occupational, and job related fields found within the manufacturing occupations. Four sections are included. An overview of career education and…

Fairleigh Dickinson Univ., Rutherford, NJ.

97

Occupational stress in health service employees.  

PubMed

Levels of occupational stress were examined in 383 employees of various occupations in one health district, as a preliminary to devising a strategy to reduce the negative effects of stress in the workplace. In comparison with white collar and professional workers in industry, health workers reported significantly greater pressure at work, higher ratings of physical and mental ill health, lower job satisfaction, less internal control over their working environment but used more coping strategies. Approximately one in eight of the subjects has stress symptoms of equal magnitude to patients attending clinical psychology outpatient clinics. It was also found that job satisfaction and psychosomatic ill health were related to sickness absence amongst health employees. The implications of these findings and the consequent challenges facing health service managers are discussed. PMID:10125073

Rees, D W; Cooper, C L

1990-11-01

98

A Comparison of Osteopathic, Pharmacy, Physical Therapy, Physician Assistant and Occupational Therapy Students' Personality Styles: Implications for Education and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared personality traits of students in five health professions. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator was completed by 1,508 osteopathic students, 654 pharmacy students, 165 physical therapy students, 211 physician assistant students, and 70 occupational therapy students. Comparing the extrovert/introvert dimension revealed that pharmacy…

Hardigan, Patrick C.; Cohen, Stanley R.

99

Occupational health nursing education for the 21st century.  

PubMed

Occupational health nurses are the largest group of occupational health professionals, and are critical to the delivery of quality health care services to the nation's work force. Educational preparation of occupational health nurses has advanced in recent years, and the need for occupational health nurses with advanced degrees is expected to increase. Occupational health nurses use licensure, continuing education, certification, supervisor and peer assessment of job performance, formal education, and practice to maintain their professional competence and protect the public's health. New strategies must be developed to prepare nurses to promote a safe and healthful work force. Funding for programs to prepare occupational health nurses will be essential for meeting this demand. Continuing education programs for occupational health nurses must be developed that demonstrate effectiveness in developing occupational health nurses' skills while minimizing their time away from the workplace. PMID:22496470

McCullagh, Marjorie C

2012-04-01

100

Occupational health nursing in South Africa. Enhancing international perspectives.  

PubMed

1. Occupational health care in South Africa has lagged behind that of other countries because it was developed within the context of a fragmented, racist, and conservative legislative framework. This legislation has been improved in recent years. 2. Complex legislation, the demographic profile of workers, mortality and morbidity profiles, occupational injuries and diseases, changes in technology, and poor working conditions are present challenges for occupational health nursing practitioners to provide a comprehensive program for the protection of worker health and safety. 3. Most occupational health services are provided by private sector companies. There is a lack of occupational team members, especially physicians, occupational hygienists, and rehabilitation workers. Occupational health nurses provide primary health care, as well as occupational health care in their clinics. 4. Occupational health nursing has developed into a formally recognized post-graduate specialization, with a strong national professional society and the promotion of research. PMID:12655980

Grainger, Linda; Mitchell, Karen

2003-02-01

101

Students' Choice of Occupational Therapy as a Second Degree  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been little research in the United Kingdom into the recruitment of occupational therapy students. This study focused on one aspect and surveyed students already holding a degree, in order to ascertain the factors that attracted them to occupational therapy and why they chose a further 3-year degree course in preference to postgraduate alternative routes to qualification. Sixty-four students,

Christine Craik; Clare Napthine

102

Health and productivity: a role for occupational health professionals.  

PubMed

The impressive economic gains achieved by many nations within the past decade have been attributed primarily to improvements in productivity from technological changes. The resultant low unemployment levels, however, emphasize the importance of human capital in the success of any enterprise. Concurrently, some economists have proposed an alternative economic view regarding the relationship between health and income, postulating that improvements in the health of the nation's population have a substantial effect on its economic viability. Such a view directly pertains to occupational health professionals, who are often charged with promoting the health of the worker. Although studies relating the beneficial impact of occupational health on productivity and human performance are limited, some efforts have shown impressive effects, as measured primarily by reduced absenteeism. The prompt, assertive management of occupational injuries and illnesses and their treatment have been well documented. Illnesses not considered traditional occupational ailments, such as migraine headaches, allergic disorders, infectious diseases, and depression, offer opportunities for occupational health professionals to ensure an accurate diagnosis and proper treatment for minimizing the impact on work performance. Considerable opportunities exist for occupational health professionals to demonstrate the importance of certain services to productivity. PMID:11201767

McCunney, R J

2001-01-01

103

75 FR 66797 - National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health (NACOSH), Charter Renewal  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration...National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health (NACOSH), Charter Renewal AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health...

2010-10-29

104

77 FR 5577 - Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (MACOSH)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration [Docket...Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (MACOSH) AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration...

2012-02-03

105

76 FR 1460 - Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (MACOSH); Committee Reestablishment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (MACOSH); Committee Reestablishment AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health...

2011-01-10

106

77 FR 33495 - Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (MACOSH)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration [Docket...Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (MACOSH) AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration...

2012-06-06

107

76 FR 60535 - Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration [Docket No...2011-0116] Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration...

2011-09-29

108

76 FR 38428 - Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (MACOSH)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration [Docket...Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (MACOSH) AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration...

2011-06-30

109

29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information...Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2013-07-01

110

29 CFR 2200.108 - Official Seal of the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Official Seal of the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission...Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REVIEW COMMISSION ...Official Seal of the Occupational Safety and Health Review...

2013-07-01

111

29 CFR 1960.11 - Evaluation of occupational safety and health performance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Evaluation of occupational safety and health performance. 1960...Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2010-07-01

112

29 CFR 1960.80 - Secretary's evaluations of agency occupational safety and health programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...evaluations of agency occupational safety and health programs. 1960...Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2013-07-01

113

29 CFR 1960.79 - Self-evaluations of occupational safety and health programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Self-evaluations of occupational safety and health programs. 1960...Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2013-07-01

114

Occupational safety and health training in DOE  

SciTech Connect

Occupational safety and health (OSH) policies, programs and activities within DOE are changing rapidly. In June 1989, Secretary of Energy Watkins launched his Ten Point Initiative'' charting a new course for the Department of Energy (DOE) toward full accountability in the areas of environment, safety and health. Full compliance with Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards is now mandatory within the Department. Independent Tiger Teams'' are performing safety and health compliance assessments at DOE facilities to identify OSH deficiencies. A recent extensive OSHA audit of DOE OSH programs and related activities has resulted in additional changes in DOE OSH requirements. These changes coupled with those pending in the proposed OSHA Reform Act, have had, and will continue to have, a tremendous impact on the roles and responsibilities each of us has within DOE, particularly in the area of OSH training. This presentation focuses on the specific implications these changes have relating to OSH Training Requirements.

Farabaugh, M.J. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)); O'Dell, C. (USDOE Office of Safety and Qualtiy Assurance, Germantown, Maryland (United States))

1991-11-01

115

Occupational safety and health training in DOE  

SciTech Connect

Occupational safety and health (OSH) policies, programs and activities within DOE are changing rapidly. In June 1989, Secretary of Energy Watkins launched his ``Ten Point Initiative`` charting a new course for the Department of Energy (DOE) toward full accountability in the areas of environment, safety and health. Full compliance with Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards is now mandatory within the Department. Independent ``Tiger Teams`` are performing safety and health compliance assessments at DOE facilities to identify OSH deficiencies. A recent extensive OSHA audit of DOE OSH programs and related activities has resulted in additional changes in DOE OSH requirements. These changes coupled with those pending in the proposed OSHA Reform Act, have had, and will continue to have, a tremendous impact on the roles and responsibilities each of us has within DOE, particularly in the area of OSH training. This presentation focuses on the specific implications these changes have relating to OSH Training Requirements.

Farabaugh, M.J. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); O`Dell, C. [USDOE Office of Safety and Qualtiy Assurance, Germantown, Maryland (United States)

1991-11-01

116

Health Occupations Education Program Management Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report describes a project to develop a secondary education program management guide for health occupations education in Iowa. Introductory material includes the following: a summary sheet on project objectives, a description of how the objectives were met, the audience served, an educational equity statement, a statement that the…

Iowa Univ., Iowa City. Coll. of Education.

117

International Epidemiology in Occupational Health (EPICOH) Conference  

Cancer.gov

June 24, 2014 5:00 PM - June 27, 2014 5:00 PM Chicago, IL + Add to Outlook Calendar The 24th International Epidemiology in Occupational Health (EPICOH) Conference scheduled for June 24-27, 2014 in Chicago, IL. The theme for this year’s conference

118

Occupational Therapy in Pediatric Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review of the occupational therapy literature was conducted to examine the influence of theory in pediatric mental health practice. Relevant literature was divided into theory and practice literature categories. The review identified that theory themes occurred less often in the practice literature. A very strong relationship was found, however, in the rank ordering of the themes between the theory

Donna M. Dennis; Karen L. Rebeiro

2000-01-01

119

Health Occupations Module. The Integumentary System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module on the integumentary system is one of eight modules designed for individualized instruction in health occupations education programs at both the secondary and postsecondary levels. This module contains an introduction to the module topic, objectives (e.g., list and describe the types of glands formed in the skin, and explain the…

Temple Univ., Philadelphia, PA. Div. of Vocational Education.

120

Health Occupations Education--A Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed to provide curriculum materials that secondary Health Occupations Education (HOE) teachers/coordinators can use in organizing their individual programs, this curriculum guide contains performance-based units covering the majority of a four-semester program of study in HOE. The following topics are covered: medical ethics, law, and…

Clanton, Kaye Reames

121

Conceptual Framework for Occupational Health Surveillance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document explores the current state of the art in occupational health surveillance. A flow diagram is presented which shows how various sources of data can be combined to facilitate the flow of information necessary for a better understanding of occu...

R. Spirtas D. Sundin J. Sestito V. Behrens J. French

1978-01-01

122

Colorado Health Occupations Manpower Survey, 1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to supply information for vocational education planners concerning the employment needs of the health services industry in Colorado. It should also provide some indication of the demand for trained workers in the occupations surveyed by coordinating expected company expansion and replacement needs with the number to be…

Colorado State Dept. of Employment, Denver. Research and Analysis Section.

123

Occupational Health Content in Baccalaureate Nursing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 4-year project was conducted at the University of Tennessee College of Nursing to identify occupational health nursing content essential in baccalaureate education for professional nursing. In the process of determining content, a review of relevant literature was made, and a theoretical framework was developed which consisted of an integration…

Keller, Marjorie J.; May, W. Theodore

124

Student Health Clinics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses important issues concerning the design of student health clinics, including convenient access, privacy and security, showers and sinks, durability and safety, and special considerations. (EV)

Jelliffe, James H.; Schipp, Michael K.

2002-01-01

125

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The U. S. Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Web Page links to sources of safety and health information and organizations. OSHA is looking for suggestions on information the public would like to see in an OSHA Web page. Currently under consideration are topics such as press releases, Contact Information Standards On-Line, Inspection Data. If you have questions, please send E-Mail to webmaster@www.osha.gov.

126

[Occupational injury, a public health priority].  

PubMed

The aim of this review is to stimulate new ideas and actions for the prevention of this important public health problem. In 2002 and 2003, respectively, the number of non-fatal occupational injuries was 971,406 and 906,638. Thus, every day in Spain there are more than 2500 non-fatal and between 2 and 3 fatal occupational injuries. Although the profile of the at-risk worker population has changed greatly over the past decade, both quantitatively and qualitatively, the risk of occupational injury still centers on blue collar workers, whether qualified or nonqualified, in the primary and secondary sectors of economic activity. The most common mechanisms of occupational injuries are overexertion for non-fatal injuries and traffic-related for fatal events. The adverse health consequences of new types of employment, which emphasize flexibility and deregulation of the labour market, are exemplified by the association between temporary employment and increased risk of occupational injury. New injury prevention programs have emerged in the last decade, but they appear to have had limited impact. Preventive activities should focus both on working conditions at the company level (micro) as well as on employment and industrial public policies (macro). Greater evaluation is needed of these latter policies. PMID:17193816

Benavides, Fernando G; Delclos, Jordi; Benach, Joan; Serra, Consol

2006-01-01

127

Occupational Health Nurse (OHN) and the Implications for Nursing Education.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The educational preparation of the occupational health nurse is fragmented at best. This poor educational foundation has a direct effect on the ability of occupational health nurses to carry out assigned responsibilities, as well as research in the field....

D. M. Proctor

1992-01-01

128

32 CFR 989.27 - Occupational safety and health.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Occupational safety and health. 989.27 Section 989.27 National...IMPACT ANALYSIS PROCESS (EIAP) § 989.27 Occupational safety and health. Assess direct and indirect impacts...

2013-07-01

129

Inpatients' Perspectives of Occupational Therapy in Acute Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Research into service users' views of occupational therapy in acute mental health is extremely limited. This collaborative study between South West London and St George's Mental Health NHS Trust and Brunel University (UK) obtained inpatients' perspectives of occupational therapy.

Julia Morris; Dip COT

130

Occupational Health Hazards in ICU Nursing Staff  

PubMed Central

This study analyzed occupational health hazards for Intensive Care Unit (ICU) nurses and nursing technicians, comparing differences in the number and types of hazards which occur at the beginning and end of their careers. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out with 26 nurses and 96 nursing technicians from a public hospital in the Federal District, Brazil. A Likert-type work-related symptom scale (WRSS) was used to evaluate the presence of physical, psychological, and social risks. Data were analyzed with the use of the SPSS, version 12.0, and the Kruskal-Wallis test for statistical significance and differences in occupational health hazards at the beginning and at the end of the workers' careers. As a workplace, ICUs can cause work health hazards, mostly physical, to nurses and nursing technicians due to the frequent use of physical energy and strength to provide care, while psychological and social hazards occur to a lesser degree.

Shimizu, Helena Eri; Couto, Djalma Ticiani; Merchan-Hamann, Edgar; Branco, Anadergh Barbosa

2010-01-01

131

Rx for Student Health?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collegiate Health Care, the only private managed-care company devoted solely to administering college health centers, is addressing student concerns about care and efficiency at traditional campus infirmaries. Detractors take exception to aggressive marketing tactics, and feel students will interpret any care other than the family doctor's as…

Shea, Christopher

1995-01-01

132

Recent Cases: Administrative Law--Occupational Safety and Health Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Implications of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 are described in two cases: Brennan v. Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission (Underhill Construction Corp.), and Anning-Johnson Co. v. United States Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission. (LBH)

Harvard Law Review, 1976

1976-01-01

133

Referrals to Private Practice Mental Health Occupational Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The study investigated the reasons other mental health professionals refer patients to private practice occupational therapy.Method: One hundred four mental health care providers were surveyed about their attitudes, knowledge, and referrals to private practice mental health occupational therapy.Results: Knowledge about and attitude towards occupational therapy were weakly correlated at the trend level. No relationships were found between attitude or

Jodi Carlson; Raymond R. Goetz

2000-01-01

134

A Guide for Working with Handicapped Students in Occupational Exploration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to help teachers provide occupational exploration for handicapped students, this guide is also a source of information on handicapping conditions for regular classroom teachers. Guidelines are offered for occupational exploration classes, and descriptions and characteristics of students with the various handicapping conditions are…

Collins, Martha; Thompson, Barbara

135

Environmental and Occupational Exposures in Immigrant Health  

PubMed Central

Immigrants comprise vulnerable populations that are frequently exposed to a multitude of environmental and occupational hazards. The historical context behind state and federal legislation has helped to foster an environment that is particularly hostile toward caring for immigrant health. Current hazards include toxic exposures, air and noise pollution, motor vehicle accidents, crowded living and work environments with inadequate ventilation, poor sanitation, mechanical injury, among many others. Immigrants lack the appropriate training, materials, health care access, and other resources to reduce their exposure to preventable environmental and occupational health risks. This dilemma is exacerbated by current anti-immigrant sentiments, miscommunication between native and immigrant populations, and legislation denying immigrants access to publicly funded medical care. Given that current health policy has failed to address immigrant health appropriately and political impetus is lacking, efforts should also focus on alternative solutions, including organized labor. Labor unions that serve to educate workers, survey work environments, and defend worker rights will greatly alleviate and prevent the burden of disease incurred by immigrants. The nation’s health will benefit from improved regulation of living and workplace environments to improve the health of immigrants, regardless of legal status.

Eamranond, Pracha P.; Hu, Howard

2008-01-01

136

Health in occupants of energy efficient new homes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A prospective telephone-administered questionnaire study in new home occupants compared general and respiratory health at occupancy and 1 year later in two groups. The test group or cases, was 52 R-2000 TM homes (128 occupants) built to preset and certified criteria for energy efficient ventilation and construction practices. The control group were 53 new homes (149 occupants) built in the

J. A. Leech; M. Raizenne; J. Gusdorf

2004-01-01

137

Environmental, Health and Safety for Technical Occupations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This program introduces technicians to environmental, health, and safety information on identification of hazardous materials, worker protection, environmental protection, and the transportation and storage of hazardous materials. Presentations deliver general and non-technical information on U.S. regulations and their application to technical jobs. Applicable technical occupations include: Agriculture/Horticulture, Auto Collision Repair, Automotive Service, Diesel, HVAC, Machining, Manufacturing, Printing, Truck Driving, and Welding

2010-06-08

138

Industrialization and occupational health in underdeveloped countries.  

PubMed

This paper examines world political economic relationships, especially the growing disparities between "developed" and underdeveloped countries and the role of multinational corporations in exploiting the people and resources of underdeveloped lands. Workers in these lands are identified as high risk for both new and old forms of occupational health hazards. To protect themselves, workers must establish governments on their own behalf rather than client governments serving external capitalist interests. PMID:852923

Elling, R H

1977-01-01

139

A hospital-based occupational health service.  

PubMed

Responding to the local business community, Sturdy Memorial Hospital developed an occupational health service. Situated about 35 miles south of Boston, Attleboro has a population of 130,000, with jewelry, chemicals, and light manufacturing as its predominant industries. Featuring plant visits by a medical director with specialty training in occupational and internal medicine, the program provides clinical, ancillary, consultative, educational, and a variety of special services. Clinical services include preplacement examinations and treatment of work-related injuries. Ancillary services are audiometric testing, pulmonary function testing, and screening for heavy-metal exposures. Among the consultative services are evaluations as to whether a disease is work related; counseling on the reproductive hazards in the workplace; and disability evaluations. Work-site visits are conducted by an occupational health nurse who participates in medical surveillance and health promotion programs. Within two years the service has become affiliated with more than 60 firms on a noncontractual , fee-for-service basis. Economic self-sufficiency was established within 18 months of the institution of clinical services. PMID:6726486

McCunney, R J

1984-05-01

140

Occupational health experience with organic additives  

SciTech Connect

For many decades, interest in occupational medicine has been focused on the wide variety of organic additives, which includes a large number of substances, for example, dyestuffs, pigments, and auxiliaries for the textile, leather, and paper industries. The reason is that, if the recommended precautions are not observed, there is a risk of exposure to most of these substances during both production and use. Moreover, over the years, some additives have caused concern and aroused suspicion regarding adverse effects on health. In order to deal with health problems in this field, it is important to be aware of how, what, and where occupational diseases or accidents arise. Much knowledge has been gained about these, and it would be an impossible task to give a systematic survey of the data that have accumulated, especially since it is necessary to take account of the problem of exposure to more than one substance. Thus an attempt is made to report on occupational health experience in general, and to demonstrate how an industrial hygienist may approach the many and various problems. Some epidemiological studies on organic additives (auramine, anthraquinone dyestuffs, organic dyes, etc.) are discussed.

Thiess, A.M.; Wellenreuther, G.

1984-12-01

141

Directory of Academic Programs in Occupational Safety and Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet describes academic program offerings in American colleges and universities in the area of occupational safety and health. Programs are divided into five major categories, corresponding to each of the core disciplines: (1) occupational safety and health/industrial hygiene, (2) occupational safety, (3) industrial hygiene, (4)…

Weis, William J., III; And Others

142

Use of sentinel health events (occupational) in computer assisted occupational health surveillance.  

PubMed

The U.S. Coast Guard has developed a Coast Guard-wide comprehensive system for surveillance of workplace diseases. The American Medical Association's fifth edition of the Current Medical Information and Terminology (CMIT) was used as a reference to expand the basic list of 50 Sentinel Health Events (Occupational) [SHE(O)] published by the National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety (NIOSH), September, 1983. The expanded list of 107 sentinel events serves as a framework for the development of a computerized system of occupational health surveillance in the U.S. Coast Guard. This application of SHE(O) surveillance can have application in the early detection and prevention of environmental diseases. PMID:1930064

Stockwell, J R; Adess, M L; Titlow, T B; Zaharias, G R

1991-08-01

143

Occupational health hazards in the interventional laboratory: progress report of the Multispecialty Occupational Health Group.  

PubMed

The Multispecialty Occupational Health Group (MSOHG), formed in 2005, is an informal coalition of societies representing professionals who work in, or are concerned with, interventional fluoroscopy. The group's long-term goals are to improve occupational health and operator and staff safety in the interventional laboratory while maintaining quality patient care and optimal use of the laboratory. MSOHG has conducted a dialogue with equipment manufacturers and has developed a list of specific objectives for research and development. The group has also represented the member societies in educating regulators, in educating interventionalists, and in fostering and collaborating on research into occupational health issues affecting interventionalists. Not least of the group's accomplishments, as a result of their collaboration in MSOHG, the group's members have developed a mutual respect that can serve as a basis for joint efforts in the future among interventionalists of different medical specialties. PMID:20800777

Miller, Donald L; Klein, Lloyd W; Balter, Stephen; Norbash, Alexander; Haines, David; Fairobent, Lynne; Goldstein, James A

2010-09-01

144

Occupational health hazards in the interventional laboratory: progress report of the Multispecialty Occupational Health Group.  

PubMed

The Multispecialty Occupational Health Group (MSOHG), formed in 2005, is an informal coalition of societies representing professionals who work in or are concerned with interventional fluoroscopy. The group's long term goals are to improve occupational health and operator and staff safety in the interventional laboratory while maintaining quality patient care and optimal use of the laboratory. MSOHG has conducted a dialog with equipment manufacturers and has developed a list of specific objectives for research and development. The group has also represented the member societies in educating regulators, in educating interventionalists and in fostering and collaborating on research into occupational health issues affecting interventionalists. Not least of the group's accomplishments, as a result of their collaboration in MSOHG, the group's members have developed a mutual respect that can serve as a basis for joint efforts in the future among interventionalists of different medical specialties. PMID:21990635

Miller, Donald L; Klein, Lloyd W; Balter, Stephen; Norbash, Alexander; Haines, David; Fairobent, Lynne; Goldstein, James A

2010-09-01

145

An Employer's Basic Guide to Occupational Health Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To educate business leaders, occupational health clinic services are outlined in a basic guide. Employers, who are required by law to furnish safe, healthy work environments for employees, derive many benefits from cooperation with occupational medical cl...

D. Jacknow R. R. Silver

1978-01-01

146

The current status of occupational health in China  

PubMed Central

Objective This study aimed to summarize the major health problems among Chinese workers, the strategies and measures for occupational hazards control, the network and organizations of occupational health administration, and the achievements and current challenges of occupational health in China. Results The situation of occupational health was found to be still serious in China. Enterprises with occupational hazards were widely distributed, the exposed population and cases of occupational diseases were numerous, and occupational risks were being transferred from the city to the countryside and from developed areas to developing ones. New emerging problems coexisted with traditional occupational hazards. Besides, a lack of occupational health services for migrant workers could be a major problem for a long time. Conclusions It is necessary to improve the fields related to occupational health, such as the supervision and administration of small- and medium-scale enterprises, research into key techniques for the prevention and control of occupational hazards, systems for the diagnosis and reporting of occupational diseases, and the training of health professionals.

Zhang, Xueyan; Li, Tao

2010-01-01

147

Student Involvement in Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the major consumers of health care at the university level, students should become involved in the entire process of providing such care, including the formulation of programs and procedures, choice of personnel, public relations, and involvement on the national level through the American College Health Association. (MB)

Simches, Sherri A.

1976-01-01

148

Ergonomics work assessment in rural industrial settings: a student occupational therapy project.  

PubMed

This case study describes a student occupational therapy (OT) program, the creation of a worksite assessment project as a part of a Community Connections: Partners for Learning and Service grant funded by Health Resources and Services Administration. The primary goals were to design occupation-based community learning experiences in a variety of rural community settings, so that students might benefit from participating in the community based learning and: based on the results, embed occupation-based learning into existing occupational therapy curriculum. The components of the project and the ergonomics content of the OT education program are described; details of the work assessment are presented with analysis of data from the student evaluation of this project. PMID:22927584

Bowman, Peter J

2012-01-01

149

Occupational Wellbeing in a School Community--Staff's and Occupational Health Nurses' Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is part of an action research project titled "Promotion of School Community Staff's Occupational Wellbeing in Co-operation with Occupational Health Nurses" (2001-04), which aims to promote occupational wellbeing by actions that maintain the staff's ability to work in 12 school communities in Eastern Finland. This paper describes…

Saaranen, Terhi; Tossavainen, Kerttu; Turunen, Hannele; Vertio, Harri

2006-01-01

150

Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Floriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum resource guide on floriculture is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach job-required…

Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

151

Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Mechanical Assembly.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum resource guide on mechanical assembly is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education for the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach…

Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

152

Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Electronic Assembly.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum resource guide on electronic assembly is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach…

Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

153

Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Automotive Maintenance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum resource guide on automotive maintenance is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach…

Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

154

Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Food Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum resource guide on food services is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach job-required…

Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

155

Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Packaging.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum resource guide on packaging is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach job-required…

Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

156

A Career Guidance Curriculum for Ninth Grade Students. Occupational Cluster Learning Activities. Health-Technical. Part 2 of 2. Ninth Grade Career Guidance Project. Project Duration: July 16, 1979, to June 30, 1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second of two parts presents learning activities for four occupational clusters of a ninth-grade cluster program. It contains theory and hands-on activities that explore the occupational requirements and working environment of these areas to help students make intelligent decisions of possible career choices based on levels of interest and…

Cape May County Vocational Schools, NJ.

157

Environmental and occupational health and human rights.  

PubMed

Modern environmental- and occupational-related morbidities and mortality are determined by the power relations inherent in our existing capitalist systems of production and consumption. These systems thwart human public health rights because of the priority to maximize profit for the systems' owners rather than to establish ecologically sound and socially just development for all. The international public health community must return to its primary prevention roots and take action to eliminate the potential for population morbidities that result from hazardous substance exposures in work and community environments. The 1988 Adelaide Recommendations on Healthy Public Policy provide us with guidelines that incorporate a human rights approach and build on several decades of international public health declarations and charters. To succeed, public health must work with the labor movement. A human rights approach to environmental public health can help us make a transition to sustainable modes of production and consumption. The environmental justice movement's strategy for an economic greening that sets as a priority "pathways out of poverty" can help to advance environmental public health rights. PMID:21733799

Slatin, Craig

2011-01-01

158

Hawaii State Plan for Occupational Safety and Health. Final rule.  

PubMed

This document announces the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) decision to modify the Hawaii State Plan's ``final approval'' determination under Section 18(e) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (the Act) and to transition to ``initial approval'' status. OSHA is reinstating concurrent federal enforcement authority over occupational safety and health issues in the private sector, which have been solely covered by the Hawaii State Plan since 1984. PMID:22997637

2012-09-21

159

Occupational health issues and fossil-energy development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results of extensive literature surveys on coal, coal conversion, occupational health and safety, and carcinogenesis are summarized. The limited occupational health studies which have been conducted on coal conversion are also discussed. Using published literature and data, a brief characterization of potential health effects is developed for one gasification and one liquefaction process. The limitations of the existing data, and

E. L. Husting; S. M. Greenfield; M. A. Benton

1977-01-01

160

Biennial National Health Occupations Education Research Conference (4th, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, October 9-11, 1991). Proceedings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These proceedings contain 11 presentations: "The Impact of Multiskilled Practice upon Medical Laboratory Personnel's Job Satisfaction" (Akroyd et al.); "Health Occupations Students of America--A Profile" (Sandiford); "Competencies for Teaching and Need for Update: Perceptions of Secondary Health Occupations Teachers" (Southern et al.); "The…

Sandiford, Janice R., Ed.

161

Recovery and Occupational Therapy in the Community Mental Health Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this essay is to describe how occupational therapy operates in a community mental health setting focused on recovery and wellness, from the perspective of a first year occupational therapist. The philosophy of recovery and wellness coincides with a philosophy of intervention that is consumer centered and consumer driven. Occupational therapy began in this setting through a fieldwork

Jason L. Wollenberg

2002-01-01

162

Employers' Perceptions of Occupational Therapy in Community Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the nature of occupational therapy practice from the perspective of community mental health agency directors currently employing occupational therapists. Directors were interviewed using a semi-structured format. Retrospective content analysis produced a systematic detailed summary of six major and eight minor themes separating into process themes or how the occupational therapist practised, and content themes, or what the

Joyce Tryssenaar; Jacalyn Ball; Kara Klassen

1997-01-01

163

Health Occupations Education I. Module No. I-A to I-G.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of 7 modules on medical and surgical asepsis is 1 of 11 sets in the Health Occupations Education I instructional package for the first year of a 2-year course of study. The materials are designed to prepare students through individualized instruction for entry-level job opportunities on health care teams in a variety of practice settings.…

Dunmeyer, Kathryn; And Others

164

The World of Health Occupations. A Two-Year Cooperative Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The two-year cooperative health occupations program curriculum guide was prepared to introduce to the schools, and more importantly to the studdent, the vocational opportunities to be found in health careers. The student's elected goal should lead to employment upon graduation because of specialized training, and may open doors to advanced…

Purdy, Joan M.

165

Health Occupations Education I. Module No. X-A to X-D.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of 4 modules on first aid is 1 of 11 sets in the Health Occupations Education I instructional package for the first year of a 2-year course of study. The materials are designed to prepare students through individualized instruction for entry-level job opportunities on health care teams in a variety of practice settings. Each module may…

Dunmeyer, Kathryn; And Others

166

Health Occupations Education I. Module No. XI-A to XI-D.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of 4 modules on pre- and postoperative care is 1 of 11 sets in the Health Occupations Education I instructional package for the first year of a 2-year course of study. The materials are designed to prepare students through individualized instruction for entry-level job opportunities on health care teams in a variety of practice settings.…

Dunmeyer, Kathryn; And Others

167

Health Occupations Education I. Module No. IV-A to IV-F.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of 6 modules on patient body mechanics is 1 of 11 sets in the Health Occupations Education I instructional package for the first year of a 2-year course of study. The materials are designed to prepare students through individualized instruction for entry-level job opportunities on health care teams in a variety of practice settings. Each…

Dunmeyer, Kathryn; And Others

168

Occupational health in the People's Republic of China.  

PubMed Central

China's drive to modernize its economy will produce new occupational health problems even as it resolves earlier ones. Well aware of this, Chinese occupational health experts are intensifying efforts to improve workers' health and establish a modern occupational health program. Occupational lung disease, occupational cancer, heavy metal poisoning, industrial chemical poisoning, and physical factor-induced diseases (noise and heat) have all been targeted for expanded research which will serve as a basis for standard setting. Hazard control efforts include engineering controls, particularly in new construction, limited use of personal protective equipment, and expansion of environmental and medical monitoring. Worker education and professional activities have been expanded. International exchanges have been initiated and will prove occupational health a promising area of scientific cooperation.

Christiani, D C

1984-01-01

169

The Endocrine System [and] Instructor's Guide: The Endocrine System. Health Occupations Education Module: Instructional Materials in Anatomy and Physiology for Pennsylvania Health Occupations Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module on the endocrine system is one of 17 modules designed for individualized instruction in health occupations education programs at both the secondary and postsecondary levels. It is part of an eight-unit miniseries on anatomy and physiology within the series of 17 modules. Following a preface which explains to the student how to use the…

National Evaluation Systems, Inc., Amherst, MA.

170

The Circulatory System [and] Instructor's Guide: The Circulatory System. Health Occupations Education Module: Instructional Materials in Anatomy and Physiology for Pennsylvania Health Occupations Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module on the circulatory system is one of 17 modules designed for individualized instruction in health occupations education programs at both the secondary and postsecondary levels. It is part of an eight-unit subset on anatomy and physiology within the set of 17 modules. Following a preface which explains to the student how to use the…

National Evaluation Systems, Inc., Amherst, MA.

171

A search strategy for occupational health intervention studies  

PubMed Central

Background: As a result of low numbers and diversity in study type, occupational health intervention studies are not easy to locate in electronic literature databases. Aim: To develop a search strategy that facilitates finding occupational health intervention studies in Medline, both for researchers and practitioners. Methods: A gold standard of articles was created by going through two whole volumes of 19 biomedical journals, both occupational health specialty and non-occupational health journals. Criteria for occupational health intervention studies were: evaluating an intervention with an occupational health outcome and a study design with a control group. Each journal was searched independently by two of the authors. Search terms were developed by asking specialists and counting word frequencies in gold standard articles. Results: Out of 11 022 articles published we found 149 occupational health intervention studies. The most sensitive single terms were work*[tw] (sensitivity 71%, specificity 88%) and effect*[tw] (sensitivity 75%, specificity 63%). The most sensitive string was (effect*[tw] OR control*[tw] OR evaluation*[tw] OR program*[tw]) AND (work*[tw] OR occupation*[tw] OR prevention*[tw] OR protect*[tw]) (sensitivity 89%, specificity 78%). The most specific single terms were "occupational health"[tw] (sensitivity 22%, specificity 98%) and effectiveness[tw] (sensitivity 22%, specificity 98%). The most specific string was (program[tw] OR "prevention and control"[sh]) AND (occupational[tw] OR worker*[tw]) (sensitivity 47%, specificity 98%). Conclusion: No single search terms are available that can locate occupational health intervention studies sufficiently. The authors' search strings have acceptable sensitivity and specificity to be used by researchers and practitioners respectively. Redefinition and elaboration of keywords in Medline could greatly facilitate the location of occupational health intervention studies.

Verbeek, J; Salmi, J; Pasternack, I; Jauhiainen, M; Laamanen, I; Schaafsma, F; Hulshof, C; van Dijk, F

2005-01-01

172

A Longitudinal Study of Factors Influencing Occupational Therapy Students' Practice Preference from Pre-Admission Through Job Selection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of occupational therapists and students choosing to practice in the area of mental health continues to decline. A longitudinal comparative study was conducted using a class of 27 Bachelor's and 20 Master's students, to examine the factors that influence the students' practice area preference at three points from pre-admission to job selection. The major influential factors were similar

James E. Hulse; Sandra H. Cash; Dianne F. Simons

2000-01-01

173

The Impact of Occupational Stress on Academic and Administrative Staff, and on Students: An Empirical Case Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the impact of occupational stress among academic staff, administrative staff, and students in a well-established US university environment. The results show that there are different correlations associated with stress such as organisational demand, health issues, and stress management. Findings suggest that occupational

Ablanedo-Rosas, Jose Humberto; Blevins, Randall C.; Gao, Hongman; Teng, Wen-Yuan; White, Joann

2011-01-01

174

Perceptions among Occupational and Physical Therapy Students of a Nontraditional Methodology for Teaching Laboratory Gross Anatomy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study was designed to assess the perceptions of physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) students regarding the use of computer-assisted pedagogy and prosection-oriented communications in the laboratory component of a human anatomy course at a comprehensive health sciences university in the southeastern United States. The…

Thomas, K. Jackson; Denham, Bryan E.; Dinolfo, John D.

2011-01-01

175

Efficiency of workplace surveys conducted by Finnish occupational health services.  

PubMed

In Finland, workplace surveys are used to identify and assess health risks and problems caused by work and make suggestions for continuous improvement of the work environment. With the aid of the workplace survey, occupational health services can be tailored to a company. The aims of this study were to determine how occupational health professionals gather data via the workplace survey and the effect survey results have on companies. A total of 259 occupational health nurses and 108 occupational health physicians responded to the questionnaire: 84.2% were women and 15.8% were men. The mean age of the respondents was 48.8 years (range, 26 to 65 years). Usually occupational health nurses and foremen and sometimes occupational health physicians and occupational safety and health representatives initiate the workplace survey. More than 90% of the surveys were followed by action proposals, and about 50% of these were implemented. The proposals implemented most often concerned personal protective equipment and less often leadership. Survey respondents should have both the opportunity and the authority to affect resources, the work environment, work arrangements, and tools. Teamwork among occupational health and safety professionals, management, and employees is vital for cost-effectively solving today's complex problems at workplaces around the globe. PMID:21710956

Savinainen, Minna; Oksa, Panu

2011-07-01

176

Challenges facing occupational health services in the 21st century.  

PubMed

The mission and tasks of occupational health services are reviewed in the context of the global megatrends of productivity increase, population overgrowth, and the implications of changes in the technology of information and communication. Current trends in attempts to achieve harmonization with respect to the concept and tasks of occupational health services in the European Union are described, along with the basic features of occupational health services as a human service organization with implications for the setting of objectives and criteria for assessing quality and performance and ethics. The need to adopt a quality-focused approach to occupational health service programs is emphasized, and some of the inhibitions and obstacles to quality work are mentioned. The need for professional commitment to develop and implement quality concepts is outlined. Evidence-based health care in the setting of occupational health services and some salient aspects of professional ethics in the 21st century are commented on. PMID:10884163

Westerholm, P

1999-12-01

177

Student Perceptions of Occupational Congruency. Work Unit 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examined student perceptions of occupational congruency using Holland's Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional personality and environmental types. Using the hexagonal arrangement of the types, congruency levels were established. Student perceptions were examined in the areas of activities, values,…

Williams, Gerald D.

178

A Pilot Program, Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is the Occupational Conditioning Center Program, a vocational education program in which moderately to severely retarded persons are taught proper work attitudes and basic industrial skills. Program goals are said to include: exposing students to simulated work situations, giving students an opportunity to work in cooperation with…

Beliveau, Joseph E.

179

Occupational Therapy Students as Peer Assessors in Viva Examinations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluated use of student peer assessors in second-year viva examinations as part of a problem based occupational therapy curriculum at the University of Newcastle (Australia). Overall ratings by three-person assessment panels (two students and one academic tutor) were significantly correlated providing support for the practice of peer assessment.…

Mackenzie, Lynette

2000-01-01

180

Occupational health: a classic example of class conflict.  

PubMed

The history of class conflict in occupational health in the United States is illustrated by the current Pittston Company attack on coal miners' health benefits, the silicosis and asbestosis controversies, the corporate restrictions on state workers' compensation laws, and the unremitting management opposition to the federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969 and the Occupational Health and Safety Act of 1970. A positive action program is presented as the basis for convening the long-overdue White House Conference on Occupational Health and Safety. Mining engineers are urged to support that action program to prevent unnecessary work-related death and disability. PMID:2332490

Kerr, L E

1990-01-01

181

A Bibliographic Guide to Occupational Safety and Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lists government publications, periodicals, loose-leaf services, reports, and reference materials dealing with health and safety in the work environment. Addresses for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration regional offices are provided. (FM)

Pease, Sue

1981-01-01

182

Professionalization of an Allied Health Occupation: The Physician's Assistant.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the process that an allied health occupation (in this instance, physician's assistant) undergoes to become professionalized. The historical background and definition of traditional professionalism are presented. The evolution of the new professionalism that is characteristic of current allied health occupation is also discussed.…

Tworek, Richard K.

1981-01-01

183

Stepping Up Occupational Safety and Health Through Employee Participation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 is examined, and it is suggested that employee participation could help improve occupational safety and health in the future, through safety committees, safety circles, safety teams, and individual participation. (MSE)

Vaughan, Gary R.

1986-01-01

184

Occupational Safety and Health Systems: A Three-Country Comparison.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article compares the occupational safety and health systems of Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States, looking at the origins of their legislation and its effects on occupational safety and health, with a view to determining what lessons may emerge, particularly for developing countries. (Author/SSH)

Singleton, W. T.

1983-01-01

185

Units of Instruction. Health Occupations Education. Volume II. [Teacher's Guide].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten units on health occupations are presented in this teacher's guide. The units are the following: special procedures; assisting with diagnostic procedures (e.g., collecting specimens); transporting patients; charting; medical laboratory procedures; giving standard first aid treatment; metrics for health occupations; human relations; safety; and…

East Texas State Univ., Commerce. Occupational Curriculum Lab.

186

[Taiwan occupational health nursing: practices, policies and future trends].  

PubMed

The steady evolution of domestic industries and the continued expansion of the workforce have outdated Taiwan's traditional model of occupational health nursing, which focuses on preventing work-related diseases and ensuring workplace safety. Professional-competency evaluations, now widely used within the medical and other professional communities to confirm that individuals have mastered relevant knowledge and skills, are a fixture in service quality management and related strategies. Occupational health nurses have a critical role in promoting and ensuring the quality of occupational-health related services. A multifaceted strategy is needed to update the domestic model of occupational health nursing. This strategy should include: 1) Set professional standards and create standard teaching materials for national occupational health nurses; 2) Enhance the professional efficacy of nurses in this field; 3) Survey the relevant role functions and education/training needs of occupational health nurses; 4) Develop relevant elective courses; and 5) Format courses/curricula for e-learning and for multimedia platforms. Furthermore, after implementation of this strategy, the model should be evaluated in terms of the knowledge and skills acquired by occupational health nurses. It is hoped that by reflecting local needs and experiences this new model will update the field of occupational health nursing to meet the needs of the current and future workplace in Taiwan and increase nursing knowledge and skills in order to foster and sustain healthy workplace environments. PMID:24899556

Chang, Pei-Jen

2014-06-01

187

Occupational Safety and Health Programs in Career Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide was developed in response to the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 and is intended to assist teachers in implementing courses in occupational safety and health as part of a career education program. The material is a synthesis of films, programed instruction, slides and narration, case studies, safety pamphlets,…

DiCarlo, Robert D.; And Others

188

A Rational-Emotive Approach to Occupational Mental Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Occupational mental health deals with the quality of life associated with work. This article demonstrates how rational emotive therapy can be applied to occupational mental health, and suggests counselors be sensitive to stress of work as well as home. (Author/JAC)

Weinrach, Stephen G.

1980-01-01

189

Occupational health and safety issues in military field hospitals.  

PubMed

This paper considers the occupational health and safety issues that apply within a military field hospital. It considers NHS occupational health and safety activities and examines how these might be applied within an Army Medical Services unit. Areas that are unique to field hospitals are highlighted in comparison with a static NHS hospital. Some issues for future work are also considered. PMID:11766206

Bricknell, M C

2001-10-01

190

Occupational Health of Women Construction Workers in the Unorganised Sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was undertaken to assess the occupational health status of women workers in the construction industry by evaluating incidences of occupational health disorders. One thousand and fifty-two workers were selected by stratified random sampling, medically examined and subject to relevant interviews, examinations and investigations. Over three-fourths of the women and almost all men reported working for 10 to 12

Ram Lakhani

2004-01-01

191

Contracting for occupational health service. An insider's view.  

PubMed

A survey of the Fortune 500 companies reveals that contracting for occupational medicine services is frequent. Contacting is most used for services that are highly specialized and infrequently used. About two-thirds of large companies provide at least some routine occupational medicine services with employed physicians. An economic analysis suggests that for large plants, contracting for general occupational medicine services is usually not an effective strategy for saving money. Intangibles, such as integration of the occupational medicine department with all other health related corporate activities, are postulated to significantly influence corporate decision makers when they consider contracting for occupational medicine services. PMID:8014717

Anstadt, G W

1994-04-01

192

29 CFR 1960.35 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. 1960.35...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2009-07-01

193

76 FR 39902 - Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health (FACOSH)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration [Docket...OSHA-2011-0116] Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health (FACOSH) AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration...

2011-07-07

194

77 FR 72998 - Policy Statement on Occupational Safety and Health Standards for Aircraft Cabin Crewmembers  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FAA-2012-0953] Policy Statement on Occupational Safety and Health Standards for Aircraft...regarding the regulation of some occupational safety and health conditions affecting...crewmembers on aircraft by the Occupational Safety and Health...

2012-12-07

195

29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2009-07-01

196

78 FR 30337 - Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health (FACOSH)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration [Docket...OSHA-2013-0013] Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health (FACOSH) AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration...

2013-05-22

197

29 CFR 1960.11 - Evaluation of occupational safety and health performance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Evaluation of occupational safety and health performance...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2009-07-01

198

75 FR 28661 - National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health (NACOSH)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration [Docket...OSHA-2010-0012] National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health (NACOSH) AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration...

2010-05-21

199

77 FR 64549 - National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health (NACOSH)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration [Docket...OSHA-2012-0019] National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health (NACOSH) AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration...

2012-10-22

200

77 FR 22355 - Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health (FACOSH)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration [Docket...OSHA-2012-0006] Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health (FACOSH) AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration...

2012-04-13

201

29 CFR 1960.80 - Secretary's evaluations of agency occupational safety and health programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Secretary's evaluations of agency occupational safety and health programs. 1960...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2009-07-01

202

76 FR 71077 - Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health (FACOSH)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration [Docket...OSHA-2011-0192] Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health (FACOSH) AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration...

2011-11-16

203

77 FR 58174 - Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health (FACOSH)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration [Docket...OSHA-2012-0006] Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health (FACOSH) AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration...

2012-09-19

204

29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2010-07-01

205

77 FR 75600 - Policy Statement on Occupational Safety and Health Standards for Aircraft Cabin Crewmembers...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FAA-2012-0953] Policy Statement on Occupational Safety and Health Standards for Aircraft...regarding the regulation of some occupational safety and health conditions affecting...crewmembers on aircraft by the Occupational Safety and Health...

2012-12-21

206

29 CFR 1960.79 - Self-evaluations of occupational safety and health programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Self-evaluations of occupational safety and health programs. 1960...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2009-07-01

207

29 CFR 1960.79 - Self-evaluations of occupational safety and health programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Self-evaluations of occupational safety and health programs. 1960...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2010-07-01

208

78 FR 68865 - Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health (FACOSH)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration [Docket...OSHA-2013-0013] Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health (FACOSH) AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration...

2013-11-15

209

29 CFR 1960.19 - Other Federal agency standards affecting occupational safety and health.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...agency standards affecting occupational safety and health. 1960.19...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2010-07-01

210

77 FR 62536 - National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health (NACOSH)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration [Docket...OSHA-2012-0019] National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health (NACOSH) AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration...

2012-10-15

211

29 CFR 1960.19 - Other Federal agency standards affecting occupational safety and health.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...agency standards affecting occupational safety and health. 1960.19...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2009-07-01

212

29 CFR 1960.80 - Secretary's evaluations of agency occupational safety and health programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Secretary's evaluations of agency occupational safety and health programs. 1960...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2010-07-01

213

75 FR 62147 - Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health (FACOSH)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration [Docket...OSHA-2010-0031] Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health (FACOSH) AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration...

2010-10-07

214

78 FR 30937 - National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health (NACOSH)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration [Docket...OSHA-2013-0015] National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health (NACOSH) AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration...

2013-05-23

215

76 FR 73689 - National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health (NACOSH)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration [Docket...OSHA-2011-0065] National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health (NACOSH) AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration...

2011-11-29

216

78 FR 47180 - Basic Program Elements for Federal Employee Occupational Safety and Health Programs and Related...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration 29 CFR Part 1960 [Docket...Federal Employee Occupational Safety and Health Programs and Related Matters; Subpart...Requirements AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor....

2013-08-05

217

29 CFR 1902.6 - Consultation with the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. 1902.6 Section...Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. The...

2013-07-01

218

29 CFR 1960.35 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. 1960.35 Section...Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2010-07-01

219

41 CFR 101-5.304 - Type of occupational health services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Type of occupational health services. 101-5.304 Section...Services § 101-5.304 Type of occupational health services. The type of occupational health services made available to...

2013-07-01

220

29 CFR 1960.35 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. 1960.35 Section...Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2013-07-01

221

29 CFR 1912.5 - National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health. 1912.5 Section...Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health. (a)...

2013-07-01

222

29 CFR 1960.19 - Other Federal agency standards affecting occupational safety and health.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...agency standards affecting occupational safety and health. 1960.19 Section...Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2013-07-01

223

75 FR 42455 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section: Notice of Charter Renewal  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Prevention Safety and Occupational Health Study Section: Notice of...1972, that the Safety and Occupational Health Study Section, Centers for...Executive Secretary, Safety and Occupational Health Study Section,...

2010-07-21

224

78 FR 12065 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Personal Protective Technology for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Personal Protective...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) of the Centers...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) of the...

2013-02-21

225

75 FR 2890 - OSHA Listens: Occupational Safety and Health Administration Stakeholder Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Occupational Safety and Health Administration [Docket No. OSHA-2010-0004] OSHA Listens: Occupational Safety and Health Administration...AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. ACTION: Notice of public...

2010-01-19

226

77 FR 43090 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section: Notice of Charter Renewal  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Safety and Occupational Health Study Section...the Safety and Occupational Health Study Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...Secretary, Safety and Occupational Health Study...

2012-07-23

227

Perceptions of Environmental and Occupational Health Hazards Among Agricultural Workers in Washington State  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study is to describe perceptions of environmental and occupational health issues among agricultural workers. Interviews were conducted with 389 agricultural workers in the Yakima Valley in central Washington State in the summers of 2004 and 2005. Undergraduate students from the community conducted interviews in Spanish or English. Environmental and occupational health issues were ranked by frequency of concern, and differences by demographic characteristics were evaluated using multivariate analyses. In both 2004 and 2005, agricultural workers expressed high levels of concern about working in hot weather, agricultural injuries, pesticides, and pediatric asthma. Perceptions of environmental and occupational health issues among agricultural workers differed by certain demographic characteristics, particularly age and ethnicity. Consideration should be given to these issues when designing research studies, creating educational materials, and developing interventions related to environmental and occupational hazards among agricultural workers.

Hofmann, Jonathan N.; Crowe, Jennifer; Postma, Julie; Ybarra, Vickie; Keifer, Matthew C.

2010-01-01

228

Occupational therapy and breastfeeding promotion: our role in societal health.  

PubMed

Occupational therapists are part of multidisciplinary teams supporting infants with feeding and eating difficulties, including problems related to initiation and continuation of breastfeeding. We have the opportunity to expand our role in breastfeeding promotion by also defining breastfeeding as a child-rearing and health management and maintenance occupation and broadening our clientele to include health and wellness populations. The use of a health promotion approach enables occupational therapy practitioners to better address environmental and contextual barriers to engagement in breastfeeding, barriers also encountered by healthy populations. Healthy People 2020 calls for increased rates of exclusive breastfeeding in the United States, given evidence of the health benefits of breastfeeding for infants, women, and society. Occupational therapists are well positioned to assist individuals, organizations, and populations in establishing habits and routines supportive of continued breastfeeding while lessening environmental and contextual barriers. Occupational therapists should consider emerging practice opportunities as consultants for breastfeeding promotion. PMID:24797203

Pitonyak, Jennifer S

2014-01-01

229

Task Analysis for Health Occupations. Cluster: Dental Assisting. Occupation: Dental Assistant. Education for Employment Task Lists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains a task analysis for health occupations (dental assistant) in the dental assisting cluster. For each task listed, occupation, duty area, performance standard, steps, knowledge, attitudes, safety, equipment/supplies, source of analysis, and Illinois state goals for learning are listed. For the duty area of "providing…

Lathrop, Janice

230

A century of practice. Occupational health nursing. 1988.  

PubMed

Occupational health nursing has grown and developed throughout the last century, from the influence of a few nurses in the late 19th century to 1988. Today's occupational health nurses have a significant impact on millions of workers across the United States and worldwide in multinational corporations. Nurses currently enjoy expanded roles, including involvement in the political arena and policy-making decisions, development of health promotion programs, research, and education, as well as providing more traditional but equally important employee health services, counseling, and teaching. The American workforce, as well as management teams, have seen the outcomes of quality occupational health nursing care and contributions throughout the years. The practice of American occupational health nursing which began in very humble surroundings and conditions in the 19th century continues to thrive in the space age of the 1980s and 1990s and to plan for the challenges of the 21st century. PMID:12526625

Parker-Conrad, Jane E

2002-12-01

231

Consumer satisfaction with occupational health services: should it be measured?  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVESTo find answers in the literature to the questions if, why, and how consumer satisfaction with occupational health services (OHSs) should be measured.METHODSPublications about the concept of consumer satisfaction with health care and surveys of consumer satisfaction with occupational health care were reviewed.RESULTSFor care providers, surveys of consumer satisfaction can be useful to improve quality or as indicators of non-compliant

J. H. A. M. Verbeek; F van Dijk; K. Rasanen; H. Piirainen; E. Kankaanpaa; C. T. J. Hulshof

2001-01-01

232

Health and safety implications of occupational exposure to engineered nanomaterials.  

PubMed

The rapid growth and commercialization of nanotechnology are currently outpacing health and safety recommendations for engineered nanomaterials. As the production and use of nanomaterials increase, so does the possibility that there will be exposure of workers and the public to these materials. This review provides a summary of current research and regulatory efforts related to occupational exposure and medical surveillance for the nanotechnology workforce, focusing on the most prevalent industrial nanomaterials currently moving through the research, development, and manufacturing pipelines. Their applications and usage precedes a discussion of occupational health and safety efforts, including exposure assessment, occupational health surveillance, and regulatory considerations for these nanomaterials. PMID:22131295

Stebounova, Larissa V; Morgan, Hallie; Grassian, Vicki H; Brenner, Sara

2012-01-01

233

"2 + 2" Articulated Health Occupations Project. Nursing Program. First Year Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the procedures and accomplishments of the first year of a multiyear project to develop a "2 + 2" articulated training program in health careers that links the last 2 years of secondary and the first 2 years of postsecondary training to prepare students for employment in one or more occupations. A related goal for this project…

Paris Independent School District, TX.

234

Occupational Health and Safety Situation and Research Priority in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of this article are to review the situation of occupational health and safety and to describe research priority in this field in Thailand. Thailand is one of newly industrialized countries in Southeast Asia. Approximately half of the working population is still in agriculture. The data from Thai Workmen's Compensation Fund showed that incidence rate of occupational injuries and

Somkiat SIRIRUTTANAPRUK; Pensri ANANTAGULNATHI

2004-01-01

235

Health Occupations Education: Dental Laboratory Technology. Program Development Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program guide was designed to assist occupational education administrators and health occupations education personnel in planning, developing, and implementing programs to prepare youth and adults for work as dental laboratory technicians. The content is presented in five sections. The first, an introduction, discusses what dental laboratory…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Occupational Education Curriculum Development.

236

Occupational Status and Prestige: Perceptions of Business, Education, and Law Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the stability of prestige rankings for 25 occupations and determined whether business, education, and law students (N=162) differ in their rankings of specific occupations. Results indicated that prestige rankings of these occupations have remained stable over time and that students differed in their rankings of occupations. (BH)

Thomas, Kenneth R.; O'Brien, Rebecca A.

1984-01-01

237

The Educational Interaction between Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of occupational therapy (OT) and physical therapy (PT) program directors (n=123) to identify the prevalence of shared learning found that two-thirds shared some coursework; most OT and PT students do not have opportunities to practice interdisciplinary teamwork; and some perceived benefits of shared learning also posed barriers. (Contains…

Cleary, Kimberly K.; Howell, Dana M.

2003-01-01

238

Predicting Academic Achievement of Undergraduate Occupational Therapy Students: Preliminary Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Admissions criteria used for three classes of occupational therapy students were subjected to statistical analysis. Weighted factors included cumulative, science, and behavioral science grade point average, reading and mental ability test scores, and essay and interview scores. Revised factors eliminated the reading test and subject-specific grade…

Berchulc, Cynthia M.; And Others

1987-01-01

239

Occupational health concerns in the welding industry.  

PubMed

The Workplace Safety and Health Branch initiated a proactive study in the welding industry in Manitoba. Eight welding companies participated in this study. Health concerns raised by welders were welders' flash, sore/red/teary eyes, headaches, nosebleeds, and a black mucous discharge from their nasal membrane. Most welders expressed concern regarding excessive smoke levels in the workplace and inadequate ventilation. Types of welding identified were MIG mild steel, MIG stainless steel, and TIG aluminum. Monitoring involved an assessment of noise levels, fume composition, and carbon monoxide and ozone concentrations. Metal analyses were according to National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Method 7300. Noise dosimeters used were the Quest model 100 and Micro 14 & 15. Carbon monoxide was monitored using the Gastech Model 4700 and ozone using the AID Portable Ozone Meter Model 560. In Manitoba, a hearing conservation program is required when the equivalent sound exposure level (normalized Lex 8-hr) exceeds 80 dBA-weighted. The American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists' threshold limit value-time weighted average (ACGIH TLV-TWA) for iron is 5.0 mg/m3, manganese is 0.2 mg/m3, carbon monoxide is 25 ppm, and ozone is 0.05 ppm (heavy work), 0.08 ppm (moderate work), and 0.1 ppm (light work). Welders' personal exposures to manganese ranged from 0.01-4.93 mg/m3 (N = 42; AM = 0.5; GM = 0.2; SD +/- 0.9; GSD +/- 3.2) and to iron ranged from 0.04-16.29 mg/m3 (N = 42; AM = 3.0; GM = 1.4; SD +/- 3.5; GSD +/- 2.5). Noise exposures ranged from 79-98 dBA (N = 44; AM = 88.9; GM = 88.8; SD +/- 4.2; GSD +/- 1.0). Carbon monoxide levels were less than 5.0 ppm (at source) and ozone levels varied from 0.4-0.6 ppm (at source). Ventilation upgrades in the workplace were required in most welding shops. Only 7 percent of the welders wore respiratory protection. A hearing conservation program and hearing protection were required at all monitored workplaces. PMID:11141606

Korczynski, R E

2000-12-01

240

Confidentiality in occupational health care: a matter of advocacy.  

PubMed

Occupational and environmental health nurses play an important role in establishing and maintaining employee confidentiality. Preserving confidentiality transcends simple nondisclosure of private information and consists of an agreement between the employee and the health professional regarding the boundaries of shared secrets. Health professionals must be aware of specific limitations to confidentiality and convey these limits to employees. Occupational and environmental health nurses must restrict employer access to employee medical records. Open and honest communication is necessary to establish the appropriate boundaries of confidentiality and strengthen the employee/employer/health professional relationship. PMID:11881627

Vaught, W; Paranzino, G K

2000-05-01

241

National Occupational Health Survey of Mining. Sandstone (Dimension) Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report prepared by the National Occupational Health Survey of Mining presents statistics concerning safety at three sites selected from the sandstone (dimension) population of active mining facilities in the United States. All of the sites were survey...

1990-01-01

242

Navy Occupational Safety and Health - Resource Allocation Concepts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Analytical problems and policy issues are described as observed in developing an Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) deficiency abatement project decision tool for the Navy. The recommended design of this simple, yet practical, resource allocation tool h...

A. G. Capps

1982-01-01

243

Applications of Decision Analysis to Occupational Health and Safety Problems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents an evaluation of the methodologies of decision analysis as aids in managing the occupational health and safety activities of an organization. Various techniques from the field of decision analysis are evaluated in terms of the philoso...

J. S. Dyer

1978-01-01

244

Occupational Pesticide Exposures and Respiratory Health  

PubMed Central

Pesticides have been widely used to control pest and pest-related diseases in agriculture, fishery, forestry and the food industry. In this review, we identify a number of respiratory symptoms and diseases that have been associated with occupational pesticide exposures. Impaired lung function has also been observed among people occupationally exposed to pesticides. There was strong evidence for an association between occupational pesticide exposure and asthma, especially in agricultural occupations. In addition, we found suggestive evidence for a link between occupational pesticide exposure and chronic bronchitis or COPD. There was inconclusive evidence for the association between occupational pesticide exposure and lung cancer. Better control of pesticide uses and enforcement of safety behaviors, such as using personal protection equipment (PPE) in the workplace, are critical for reducing the risk of developing pesticide-related symptoms and diseases. Educational training programs focusing on basic safety precautions and proper uses of personal protection equipment (PPE) are possible interventions that could be used to control the respiratory diseases associated with pesticide exposure in occupational setting.

Ye, Ming; Beach, Jeremy; Martin, Jonathan W.; Senthilselvan, Ambikaipakan

2013-01-01

245

Mental Health of College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A random sample of college sophomores was studied regarding their mental health status, mental health service use, and attitudes toward mental health professionals. Data were collected through home interviews and a search of the students' service records at the university. Mental health status was measured by the 22-item Midtown Mental Health Scale.Religious affiliation and performance satisfaction were both found to

Jeffrey O. Whitley

1979-01-01

246

Prevention through pre-review in occupational health and safety.  

PubMed Central

Occupational health problems have needlessly been produced at many worksites as a consequence of their not having been anticipated during design and construction. Pre-review may be an effective and efficient mechanism for preventive intervention in occupational health and safety. Legal and administrative precedents are cited from the United States and other countries. Proposals are presented, with Israel as an example, which aim to implement the principle of pre-review.

Richter, E D; Kretzmer, D

1980-01-01

247

Proceedings of the 1992 Annual Meeting NASA Occupational Health Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this meeting was to exchange information across NASA facilities that is critical to agency-wide improvement in the efforts to maintain and enhance employee health. The topics covered include the following: occupational medicine, environmental health, physical fitness, and health education.

1993-01-01

248

Parents' Occupations, Student Mother Tongue and Immigrant Status: Further Analysis of the Every Student Survey Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An earlier survey analyzed data (a) by New Canadian status and (b) by occupational categories for students in public schools in Toronto, Canada. This study undertakes a more detailed analysis of the relationship between occupational categories and New Canadian status by providing for additional analyses of other non-school variables, such as the…

Wright, E. N.; McLeod, D. B.

249

Business law. Fundamentals for the occupational health nurse.  

PubMed

1. A basic understanding of the judicial system will enable occupational health nurses to read court opinions and have a better understanding of whether or how they or their companies are affected by the decision. With this knowledge, occupational health nurses can help their organization avoid legal liability by ensuring that the company does not act contrary to the decisions of the controlling courts. 2. As they are often involved in the process of contracting for goods and services, occupational health nurses need to be aware of general contract terminology and negotiating techniques so they will be better able to protect their companies. In addition, occupational health nurses can also assist in the actual contract drafting process with knowledge of a few concepts, such as the description, caption, operative language of the agreement, and definitions, of a contract. 3. Occupational health nurses are often called upon to be expert witnesses and can play an integral part in the litigation process. Because of the importance of expert witnesses, occupational health nurses must have an understanding of how to effectively provide expert witness testimony. PMID:12033091

D'Arruda, Kimberley A

2002-05-01

250

Electronic health records in an occupational health setting--part I. A global overview.  

PubMed

Most health care settings have focused on becoming more interconnected using technology. The same trend is occurring in occupational health settings. Using technology to enhance communications, facilitate workers' health, and measure the quality of occupational health services is advantageous to employers. The privacy and security of health information is as much the company's responsibility as protecting financial and personal data. As the health privacy agent for the employer, the occupational health nurse must have knowledge of legal regulations and professional standards that govern the security and privacy of health care information, especially when that information is collected, stored, and potentially transmitted within and outside country boundaries. PMID:23380638

Hunter, Euzelia S

2013-02-01

251

Occupational health assessment of chromite toxicity among Indian miners.  

PubMed

Elevated concentration of hexavalent chromium pollution and contamination has contributed a major health hazard affecting more than 2 lakh mine workers and inhabitants residing in the Sukinda chromite mine of Odisha, India. Despite people suffering from several forms of ill health, physical and mental deformities, constant exposure to toxic wastes and chronic diseases as a result of chromite mining, there is a tragic gap in the availability of 'scientific' studies and data on the health hazards of mining in India. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Odisha State Pollution Control Board and the Odisha Voluntary Health Association data were used to compile the possible occupational health hazards, hexavalent chromium exposure and diseases among Sukinda chromite mines workers. Studies were reviewed to determine the routes of exposure and possible mechanism of chromium induced carcinogenicity among the workers. Our studies suggest all forms of hexavalent chromium are regarded as carcinogenic to workers however the most important routes of occupational exposure to Cr (VI) are inhalation and dermal contact. This review article outlines the physical, chemical, biological and psychosocial occupational health hazards of chromite mining and associated metallurgical processes to monitor the mining environment as well as the miners exposed to these toxicants to foster a safe work environment. The authors anticipate that the outcome of this manuscript will have an impact on Indian chromite mining industry that will subsequently bring about improvements in work conditions, develop intervention experiments in occupational health and safety programs. PMID:21808494

Das, Alok Prasad; Singh, Shikha

2011-01-01

252

Occupational health assessment of chromite toxicity among Indian miners  

PubMed Central

Elevated concentration of hexavalent chromium pollution and contamination has contributed a major health hazard affecting more than 2 lakh mine workers and inhabitants residing in the Sukinda chromite mine of Odisha, India. Despite people suffering from several forms of ill health, physical and mental deformities, constant exposure to toxic wastes and chronic diseases as a result of chromite mining, there is a tragic gap in the availability of 'scientific’ studies and data on the health hazards of mining in India. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Odisha State Pollution Control Board and the Odisha Voluntary Health Association data were used to compile the possible occupational health hazards, hexavalent chromium exposure and diseases among Sukinda chromite mines workers. Studies were reviewed to determine the routes of exposure and possible mechanism of chromium induced carcinogenicity among the workers. Our studies suggest all forms of hexavalent chromium are regarded as carcinogenic to workers however the most important routes of occupational exposure to Cr (VI) are inhalation and dermal contact. This review article outlines the physical, chemical, biological and psychosocial occupational health hazards of chromite mining and associated metallurgical processes to monitor the mining environment as well as the miners exposed to these toxicants to foster a safe work environment. The authors anticipate that the outcome of this manuscript will have an impact on Indian chromite mining industry that will subsequently bring about improvements in work conditions, develop intervention experiments in occupational health and safety programs.

Das, Alok Prasad; Singh, Shikha

2011-01-01

253

A Comparison of Student Achievement in Single-Occupational and Multi-Occupational Metals Programs in Trade and Industrial Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in a multi-occupational (cluster) metals program scored higher on tests covering three metals areas than students in single-occupational programs, suggesting that, at the secondary level, general rather than special instruction in metal trades has considerable value as far as pencil and paper tests of cognitive outcomes can reveal.…

Lorenz, James; And Others

1976-01-01

254

Developing regulations for occupational exposures to health hazards in Malaysia.  

PubMed

In Malaysia exposures in the workplace are regulated under the Factories and Machinery Act (FMA), 1967 and also under the more comprehensive Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) enacted in 1994. With OSHA 1994 the philosophy of legislating safety and health in the workplace changed from one that was very prescriptive and containing detailed technical provisions under FMA, 1967 to one that is more flexible and encourages self-regulation under OSHA 1994. OSHA 1994 is supported by regulations, codes of practices and guidelines to further clarify the provisions in the Act. Under the FMA 1967 emphasis was on safety while with OSHA 1994 there has been equal emphasis on addressing health hazards in the workplace. Regulations for occupational exposures are developed by the Department of Occupational Safety and Health with tripartite and stakeholder consultation. When developing these regulations International Labor Organization Conventions, laws of other countries and occupational exposure standards adopted internationally are reviewed. The government also conducts surveys to collect information on both exposures and health effects in workplaces to have better understanding on specific occupational health problems. Effective law enforcement is crucial in ensuring compliance to safety and health law. The challenge at the moment is to ensure all employers and employees, particularly those in the small and medium enterprises, understand and comply with the provisions stipulated in the legislation. PMID:16899331

Rampal, Krishna Gopal; Mohd Nizam, J

2006-11-01

255

The occupational health and safety of flight attendants.  

PubMed

In order to perform safety-critical roles in emergency situations, flight attendants should meet minimum health standards and not be impaired by factors such as fatigue. In addition, the unique occupational and environmental characteristics of flight attendant employment may have consequential occupational health and safety implications, including radiation exposure, cancer, mental ill-health, musculoskeletal injury, reproductive disorders, and symptoms from cabin air contamination. The respective roles of governments and employers in managing these are controversial. A structured literature review was undertaken to identify key themes for promoting a future agenda for flight attendant health and safety. Recommendations include breast cancer health promotion, implementation of Fatigue Risk Management Systems, standardization of data collection on radiation exposure and health outcomes, and more coordinated approaches to occupational health and safety risk management. Research is ongoing into cabin air contamination incidents, cancer, and fatigue as health and safety concerns. Concerns are raised that statutory medical certification for flight attendants will not benefit either flight safety or occupational health. PMID:22606869

Griffiths, Robin F; Powell, David M C

2012-05-01

256

Occupational health problems among migrant and seasonal farm workers.  

PubMed Central

Migrant and seasonal farm workers are one of the most underserved and understudied populations in the United States. The total US population of such farm workers has been estimated at 5 million, of whom about 20% live or work in California. Farm workers perform strenuous tasks and are exposed to a wide variety of occupational risks and hazards. Low socioeconomic status and poor access to health care also contribute to existing health problems in this population. Potential farm work-related health problems include accidents, pesticide-related illnesses, musculoskeletal and soft-tissue disorders, dermatitis, noninfectious respiratory conditions, reproductive health problems, health problems of children of farm workers, climate-caused illnesses, communicable diseases, bladder and kidney disorders, and eye and ear problems. Few epidemiologic studies exist of these occupational health problems. No comprehensive epidemiologic studies have assessed the magnitude of occupational health problems among migrant and seasonal farm workers and their dependents. Although the migratory nature of this population makes long-term studies difficult, the development of standardized data collection instruments for health consequences and scientific assessment of farm work exposures and working conditions are vital to characterize and reduce the occupational health risks in farm workers.

Mobed, K; Gold, E B; Schenker, M B

1992-01-01

257

Occupational health in the Negev: A model for regional planning  

SciTech Connect

In the Negev region of Israel, I tested a model approach to occupational health planning. This model included components assessing exposures, measuring adverse health outcomes, and evaluating health services. I analyzed employment survey data, compiled an exposure data base, and carried out site visits covering 10,707 employees (over 50% of the regional industrial work force). Site visits identified exposure hazards of inorganic and organic dusts, heavy metals, chemicals, pesticides, and noise. I identified elevated relative regional injury rates by Standard Morbidity Ratios (SMRs) in a variety of industries, including sixfold increases for mining and non-metallic minerals manufacture (SMR 6.8, 99% CI 6.1-7.7). Review of biological monitoring data suggested deficiencies in pesticide and heavy metals surveillance. A survey of primary care clinics estimated 13,707 cases of occupational injury and illness untreated by existing occupational medical services. Based on these findings, I formulated regional occupational health planning goals, including targeting high-risk industries for increased preventive activities. This regional approach, combining multiple measures of occupational health status, can serve as a model for assessing local public health planning needs.

Blanc, P.D. (Ben Gurion Univ. of the Negev, Beer Sheva (Israel))

1989-01-01

258

Hospital violence and the role of the occupational health nurse.  

PubMed

Between 1993 and 1999, an average of 1.7 million violent workplace incidents were recorded per year. Of the nonfatal injuries and lost days due to occupational violence, 32% occur in the health care setting. The annual incidence rate for violence against nurses is 22 incidents per 1,000 nurses. When an occupational health professional analyzes an exposure, engineering controls, administrative controls, and personal protective equipment policies are drafted to ensure the future safety of employees. This literature review identifies best practice controls used to protect health care workers from violence in the workplace. PMID:24169954

Brown, Bethany G; Burns, Candace

2013-11-01

259

Study of Occupational Safety and Health Audit on Facilities at Ungku Omar College, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM): A Preliminary Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Occupational safety and health (OSH) in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) is being considered as an important program to measure employee and student welfare and well-being. During academic session, apart from attending lectures, laboratory works, tutorial and library search, majority of students spend most of their time in residential…

Ariffin, Kadir; Ahmad, Shaharuddin; Aiyub, Kadaruddin; Awang, Azhan; Aziz, Azmi; Mohamad, Lukman Z.; Mamat, Samsu Adabi

2010-01-01

260

Nursing III. A Course of Study. Health Occupations Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide for instructors provides a course of study (Nursing III) requisite for the third and concluding portion of a 1-year practical nursing curriculum designed to continue opportunities for career mobility in the health occupations. Content is in three sections: (1) Medical Surgical Nursing II, (2) Mental Health Nursing, and (3)…

Rogers, Helen V.

261

Principles and Practices of Occupational Safety and Health: Administrator's Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manual guides an instructor in conducting a training course for first-line supervisors to familiarize them with six aspects relating to the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970: (1) requirements of the Act, (2) compliance with its standards, (3) identification of health and safety hazards, (4) correction of adverse conditions, (5) record…

Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Washington, DC.

262

Integrating Occupational Health and Safety into TAFE Courses: Curriculum Topics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to help technical and further education (TAFE) curriculum writers in Australia integrate safety education into vocational education courses. It provides a general overview of occupational health and safety from the perspective of TAFE trade training and a brief summary of the major health and safety issues that might be…

Hall, Bob; Mageean, Pauline

263

Status of occupational health and safety in Iran.  

PubMed

In recent decades, Iran has had a steadily growing economy with an annual rate of 6% on average. The country's economy is dominantly influenced by oil and natural gas production and related industries like petrochemicals and fertilizers. There are two million job units and sixteen million employees. The occupational health and safety (OHS) system is mainly regulated by two bodies: the Ministry of Health and Medical Education, responsible for occupational health services and legislations; and the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, which undertakes the enactment and enforcement of occupational safety legal issues. Inspectorates in each ministry carry out regular health and safety monitoring according to the OHS legislations. The most common occupational health disorders are musculoskeletal problems, respiratory diseases, noise induced hearing loss, and occupational injuries. Because the OHS is a complex system with overlapping responsibilities among the co-responders, its improvement needs well-organized collaboration among Iranian universities, industries, and governmental agencies, and reliable basic data. The present study takes a glance at the situation and activities of the Iranian OHS system. PMID:22259833

Vigeh, Mohsen; Mazaheri, Maria; Seyedaghamiri, Zahrabigom

2011-12-01

264

A Study of Factors Associated with the Occupational Plans of Iowa Vocational Agriculture Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was conducted to determine if there are differences in selected factors related to the educational and occupational plans of vocational agriculture students who plan to enter on-farm agricultural occupations, those who plan to enter off-farm agricultural occupations, and those who plan to enter non-agricultural occupations. The…

Byler, Bennie L.; Kaas, Duane A.

265

Occupational health programme for lead workers in battery plants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The realization of problems resulting from the exposure to undue high lead levels of workers in lead-using industries, particularly in storage battery plants, has given rise to a new occupational health service, the so-called type specific (harmful agent specific) group occupational health. In 1988, the Korean Ministry of Labor designated the Institute of Industrial Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, as an authorized organization to take care of lead workers in lead industries. The following occupational health services are provided by the Institute: (i) physical health examination; (ii) biological monitoring with zinc protoporphyrin, urine ?-aminolevulinic acid and blood lead; (iii) respiratory protection with maintenance-free respirators; (iv) measurement of the environmental condition of workplaces; (v) health education. A three-year occupational health programme for lead workers has contributed to improvements in the working conditions of lead industries, particularly in large-scale battery plants, and has decreased the unnecessary high lead burden of workers through on-going medical surveillance with biological monitoring and health education schemes. The strong commitment of both employers and the government to improve the working conditions of lead industries, together with the full cooperation of lead workers, has served to reduce the high lead burdens of lead workers. This decreases the number of lead-poisoning cases and provides more comfortable workplaces, particularly in battery plants.

Lee, Byung-Kook

266

The Educational Outcomes of Occupational Sub-Baccalaureate Students: Evidence from the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study asks if occupational education bestows advantages or disadvantages on the students who pursue it, and how the educational experiences of occupational students compare to the experiences of students in academic programs. The authors used the Beginning Postsecondary Student Longitudinal Study of 1989-94 and 1995-98 to analyze educational…

Alfonso, Mariana; Bailey, Thomas R.; Scott, Marc

267

Multimedia for occupational safety and health training: a pilot study examining a multimedia learning theory.  

PubMed

Occupational diseases are a significant problem affecting public health. Safety training is an important method of preventing occupational illness. Training is increasingly being delivered by computer although theories of learning from computer-based multimedia have been tested almost entirely on college students. This study was designed to determine whether these theories might also be applied to safety training applications for working adults. Participants viewed either computer-based multimedia respirator use training with concurrent narration, narration prior to the animation, or unrelated safety training. Participants then took a five-item transfer test which measured their ability to use their knowledge in new and creative ways. Participants who viewed the computer-based multimedia trainings both did significantly better than the control group on the transfer test. The results of this pilot study suggest that design guidelines developed for younger learners may be effective for training workers in occupational safety and health although more investigation is needed. PMID:17085929

Wallen, Erik S; Mulloy, Karen B

2006-10-01

268

Occupational health hazards of mine workers*  

PubMed Central

Mining has always been among the most hazardous of occupations, and with the increasing demand for coal and minerals safety in mines assumes even greater importance. This article describes the present situation with regard to conditions in mines, the diseases and disabilities resulting from them, and measures that can be taken to prevent or treat them. The hazards covered are: accidents, dust (including poisoning by certain ores), high temperature and humidity, noise and vibration, toxic gases, and miscellaneous other hazards.

Cho, K. S.; Lee, S. H.

1978-01-01

269

Occupational Safety and Health Symposia (37th American Medical Association Congress on Occupational Health. St. Louis, Missouri, 1977).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The papers compiled here were presented at the fourth symposium in a series designed to provide a continuing introduction to current aspects of occupational safety and health. The papers represent eight topics: (1) special health programs, (2) degenerative disease and injury of the back, (3) job stress and work performance, (4) role of industry in…

Douglass, Bruce E.; And Others

270

[The role of ergonomics in occupational health - past and future].  

PubMed

The aim of working condition and ergonomics is to control the task method and condition for the best productive activity with the highest efficiency and sustainability. The Principles of Scientific Management by Frederick Winslow Taylor and its criticism by Gito Teruoka, the 1st director of The Institute for Science of Labour, are introduced for a better understanding of work condition and ergonomics in this article. Occupational physician have a duty to control working method and condition to reduce the health hazards induced by job duty. Not only the technical knowledge of medicine, but also a fundamental knowledge of manufacturing is needed for the occupational physician. The development of tools for early detection of health hazards and workload evaluation, the introduction of work management systems with cooperation between occupational physicians and technical experts of manufacturing are needed for effective control of the workplace. The strengthening of the Industrial Safety and Health Law should help to drive these improvements. PMID:24107345

Izumi, Hiroyuki

2013-10-01

271

Occupational stress, mental health and coping among information technology professionals  

PubMed Central

Backround: Experience of occupational stress is inevitably involved in the execution of any type of work. Stress has an adaptive value. It motivates the individual to attend to the task and get rid of the tension or demand the unattended task produced. Materials and Methods: The study was planned to investigate the differences between executives and shop floor workers on occupational stress, mental health, job satisfaction and coping. A random sample of 200 executives and shop floor employees collected from Nuclear Fuel Complex of Hyderabad City. A well developed sub-scales of Occupational Stress indicator like Mental Health, and Coping behavior were used in the present study. Results and Conclusion: The shop floor workers experiencing more job stress and lower mental health. But these two groups did not differ in their coping behaviour. The executives are better with work home balance.

Rao, Jakkula V.; Chandraiah, K.

2012-01-01

272

Occupational Health--Organizing for the Right to Breathe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem of occupational diseases must be addressed by social workers who are trained to actively work for changes on a social level. A training model is described, wherein graduate students organized a small community to combat and prevent Brown Lung Disease among textile workers. (DS)

Dotson, David

1979-01-01

273

Health and Human Services. Occupational Analyses. Worker Task Lists and Supplementary Information for Selected Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains worker task lists and supplementary information for eight occupations in the health and human services cluster: (1) criminal justice; (2) protective services; (3) dental assistant; (4) dental hygienist; (5) diagnostic medical sonographer; (6) medical office assistant; (7) fire medic; and (8) parks and recreation manager.…

Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum and Resource Center.

274

76 FR 28790 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute for Occupational Safety and Health: (1) Conform to appropriate...Personal Protective Technologies; Health Hazard Evaluations; Construction Safety and Health; Traumatic Injury Prevention; Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing....

2011-05-18

275

Occupational health issues in marine and freshwater research  

PubMed Central

Marine and freshwater scientists are potentially exposed to a wide variety of occupational hazards. Depending on the focus of their research, risks may include animal attacks, physiological stresses, exposure to toxins and carcinogens, and dangerous environmental conditions. Many of these hazards have been investigated amongst the general population in their recreational use of the environment; however, very few studies have specifically related potential hazards to occupational exposure. For example, while the incidence of shark and crocodile attacks may invoke strong emotions and the occupational risk of working with these animals is certainly real, many more people are stung by jellyfish or bitten by snakes or dogs each year. Furthermore, a large proportion of SCUBA-related injuries and deaths are incurred by novice or uncertified divers, rather than professional divers using aquatic environments. Nonetheless, marine and freshwater research remains a potentially risky occupation, and the likelihood of death, injury and long-term health impacts still needs to be seriously considered.

2012-01-01

276

Occupational health effects of nonionizing radiation  

SciTech Connect

Nonionizing radiation includes electromagnetic energy distributed as near-ultraviolet and visible light, infrared radiation, microwaves, radio frequencies, and very low frequency and extremely low frequency alternating electric and magnetic fields, and almost every member of modern society is exposed to it in some form. Usually the intensity of exposure is low in the general population but can be greatly increased in the workplace. The forms of nonionizing radiation are described and their physical characteristics, occupational sources, biologic effects, and exposure criteria are delineated.90 references.

Yost, M.G. (School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley (United States))

1992-07-01

277

Shaping the future: ten years of the occupational health internship program.  

PubMed

The Occupational Health Internship Program (OHIP) was initiated in 2003 to recruit a new, diverse generation of occupational safety and health (OSH) professionals and to advance OSH within union and community-based initiatives. It retains the principles of the original OCAW/Montefiore internship program while adapting to the changed landscape of the 21st-century workplace. Case studies of OHIP projects illustrate how students have contributed to key OSH policies-to regulate silica exposure among construction workers, apply principles of green chemistry with Vietnamese nail salon workers, and integrate OSH into "green" jobs in the recycling industry. They have supported innovative campaigns with immigrant workers in contingent jobs-from taxi drivers to warehouse workers. The students, in turn, have been inspired to enter the OSH arena as professionals and worker advocates with the potential to contribute new energy to an OSH movement. PMID:23896071

Delp, Linda; Riley, Kevin; Jacobs, Sarah; Bush, Diane; Kirkland, Katherine; Denis, Ingrid; London, Matt; Harrison, Robert

2013-01-01

278

Special communication--occupational health hazards in the interventional laboratory: progress report of the multispecialty occupational health group.  

PubMed

The Multispecialty Occupational Health Group (MSOHG), formed in 2005, is an informal coalition of societies representing professionals who work in or are concerned with interventional fluoroscopy. The group's long-term goals are to improve occupational health and operator and staff safety in the interventional laboratory while maintaining quality patient care and optimal use of the laboratory. MSOHG has conducted a dialogue with equipment manufacturers and has developed a list of specific objectives for research and development. The group has also represented the member societies in educating regulators, in educating interventionalists, and in fostering and collaborating on research into occupational health issues affecting interventionalists. Not least of the group's accomplishments, as a result of their collaboration in MSOHG, the group's members have developed a mutual respect that can serve as a basis for joint efforts in the future among interventionalists of different medical specialties. PMID:20816628

Miller, Donald L; Klein, Lloyd W; Balter, Stephen; Norbash, Alexander; Haines, David; Fairobent, Lynne; Goldstein, James A

2010-09-01

279

Occupational health and health care in Russia and Russian Arctic: 1980-2010  

PubMed Central

Background There is a paradox in Russia and its Arctic regions which reports extremely low rates of occupational diseases (ODs), far below those of other socially and economically advanced circumpolar countries. Yet, there is widespread disregard for occupational health regulations and neglect of basic occupational health services across many industrial enterprises. Study design and methods This review article presents official statistics and summarises the results of a search of peer-reviewed scientific literature published in Russia on ODs and occupational health care in Russia and the Russian Arctic, within the period 1980–2010. Results Worsening of the economic situation, layoff of workers, threat of unemployment and increased work load happened during the “wild market” industrial restructuring in 1990–2000, when the health and safety of workers were of little concern. Russian employers are not legally held accountable for neglecting safety rules and for underreporting of ODs. Almost 80% of all Russian industrial enterprises are considered dangerous or hazardous for health. Hygienic control of working conditions was minimised or excluded in the majority of enterprises, and the health status of workers remains largely unknown. There is direct evidence of general degradation of the occupational health care system in Russia. The real levels of ODs in Russia are estimated to be at least 10–100 times higher than reported by official statistics. The low official rates are the result of deliberate hiding of ODs, lack of coverage of working personnel by properly conducted medical examinations, incompetent management and the poor quality of staff, facilities and equipment. Conclusions Reform of the Russian occupational health care system is urgently needed, including the passing of strong occupational health legislation and their enforcement, the maintenance of credible health monitoring and effective health services for workers, improved training of occupational health personnel, protection of sanitary-hygienic laboratories in industrial enterprises, and support for research assessing occupational risk and the effectiveness of interventions.

Dudarev, Alexey A.; Odland, Jon ?yvind

2013-01-01

280

Occupational stress and mental health of cardiac and noncardiac patients  

PubMed Central

Background: Much of the research studies have shown that occupational stress is one of the strong determinant factors of coronary heart diseases among people in general. However, exploring the extent to which the type or nature of ailments and its subsequent risk factors have an effect on the onset of mental health will help evolve suitable preventive measures. The present study attempts to explore the status of mental health and occupational stress with respect to 2 categories of patients: Those who are suffering from cardiac problems and those suffering from noncardiac health problems. Materials and Methods: Occupational Stress Questionnaire and Mental Health Questionnaire were administered to both cardiac and noncardiac patients. The cardiac group consisted of 40 patients who were being treated at the cardiology department of a reputed hospital, and noncardiac group (40 patients) consisted of outpatients of the same hospital being treated for noncardiac problems like knee pain, headache, etc. Responses to these self-reported questionnaires were subjected to statistical analysis to find out the difference between cardiac and noncardiac groups. Results: The results revealed that cardiac patients tend to have lower levels of mental health than noncardiac patients. Similarly, cardiac patients were reported to have higher levels of stress due to role ambiguity, powerlessness, intrinsic impoverishment and unprofitability. Conclusions: The implications of the study were implementation of interventions to improve the internal strength of cardiac patients to overcome various aspects of occupational stress.

Subramanian, S.; Nithyanandan, D. V.

2009-01-01

281

Unintentional Learning and the Occupational Health and Safety Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence from the occupational safety and health field suggests that much unintentional learning takes place in the workplace that is not a result of conscious decisions and lacks critical reflection. Such learning may have negative consequences. Action can be taken to identify and mitigate the effects of unintentional learning. (SK)

Dodge, R. Bruce

1998-01-01

282

Health Occupations Education Program Development Guide No. 5: Dental Assisting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The bulletin, which is part of the New York State "Health Occupations Education Program Development Guide Series," focuses on the dental assisting program. The curriculum is designed to provide training for dental assistants in their assistant role at chairside, in the dental operatory and laboratory, and in the dental office and reception area. A…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Div. of Occupational Education Instruction.

283

Health Occupations Education. Vocational Education Program Courses Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains vocational education program course standards for health occupations programs in Florida. Standards are provided for a total of 71 exploratory courses, practical arts courses, and job preparatory programs offered at the secondary or postsecondary level. Each program courses standard consists of a curriculum framework and…

Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee. Div. of Vocational, Adult, and Community Education.

284

A Screening Method for Occupational Reproductive Health Risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most currently recognized occupational exposure limits do not consider reproductive toxicological end points consistently when establishing recommended exposure limits. In many cases the information is not available, but perhaps as often, existing data is not employed. Further, many manufacturer's material safety data sheets omit reproductive hazard information. A method for identifying potential reproductive toxins and screening levels for associated health

John Jankovic; Frances Drake

1996-01-01

285

NASA Occupational Health Program FY98 Self-Assessment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Functional Management Review process requires that each NASA Center conduct self-assessments of each functional area. Self-Assessments were completed in June 1998 and results were presented during this conference session. During FY 97 NASA Occupational Health Assessment Team activities, a decision was made to refine the NASA Self-Assessment Process. NASA Centers were involved in the ISO registration process at that time and wanted to use the management systems approach to evaluate their occupational health programs. This approach appeared to be more consistent with NASA's management philosophy and would likely confer status needed by Senior Agency Management for the program. During FY 98 the Agency Occupational Health Program Office developed a revised self-assessment methodology based on the Occupational Health and Safety Management System developed by the American Industrial Hygiene Association. This process was distributed to NASA Centers in March 1998 and completed in June 1998. The Center Self Assessment data will provide an essential baseline on the status of OHP management processes at NASA Centers. That baseline will be presented to Enterprise Associate Administrators and DASHO on September 22, 1998 and used as a basis for discussion during FY 99 visits to NASA Centers. The process surfaced several key management system elements warranting further support from the Lead Center. Input and feedback from NASA Centers will be essential to defining and refining future self assessment efforts.

Brisbin, Steven G.

1999-01-01

286

An Evaluation of an Occupational Health Advice Service  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The objective of this article is to identify the profile of service users of an occupational health (OH) support service and establish areas of need, and to gather client feedback on the experience of participating in the support service and perceived outcomes and the impact of the advice received. Design and Setting: We carried out…

Shearn, P.; Ford, Norma J.; Murphy, R. G.

2010-01-01

287

Syllabus in Medical Assisting: Health Occupations Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document presents a syllabus which would serve as a guideline for health occupations educators in establishing a course of study for training medical assistants which would meet New York State requirements and be acceptable for State credit. The syllabus is arranged in three columns: (1) minimum acceptable content of study which requires 80…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Occupational and Career Curriculum Development.

288

Professional education in occupational health and safety in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Legislative changes, and the general drive by practitioners to acquire recognised professional qualifications, has resulted in a considerable increase in the number of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) courses offered by Tertiary Institutions. In 1990 Worksafe Australia, in consultation with relevant Government Authorities, and professional groups, decided to develop guidelines on the standards required of OHS courses. A background paper

Elfreda Marshall; Martin Mackey

1995-01-01

289

The Microscope: I--Structure. Health Occupations Education Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module on the structure of the microscope is one of 17 modules designed for individualized instruction in health occupations education programs at both the secondary and postsecondary levels. This module consists of an introduction to the module topic, a list of resources needed, and two learning experiences. Each learning experience contains…

Temple Univ., Philadelphia, PA. Div. of Vocational Education.

290

Community and occupational health concerns in pork production: a review.  

PubMed

Public concerns relative to adverse consequences of large-scale livestock production have been increasingly voiced since the late 1960s. Numerous regional, national, and international conferences have been held on the subject since 1994. This paper provides a review of the literature on the community and occupational health concerns of large-scale livestock production with a focus on pork production. The industry has recognized the concerns of the public, and the national and state pork producer groups are including these issues as an important component of their research and policy priorities. One reason large-scale livestock production has raised concern is that a significant component of the industry has separated from traditional family farming and has developed like other industries in management, structure, and concentration. The magnitude of the problem cited by environmental groups has often been criticized by the pork production industry for lack of science-based evidence to document environmental concerns. In addition to general environmental concerns, occupational health of workers has become more relevant because many operations now are employing more than 10 employees, which brings many operations in the United States under the scrutiny of the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration. In this paper, the scientific literature is reviewed relative to the science basis of occupational and environmental impacts on community and worker health. Further, recommendations are made to help promote sustainability of the livestock industry within the context of maintaining good stewardship of our environmental and human capital. PMID:20154166

Donham, K J

2010-04-01

291

Mental Health of US Military Women in Combat Support Occupations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The proportion of women in the military is increasing and they are being selected into jobs that are more combat-related. However, the mental health effects of working in combat support occupations among military women have not been previously evaluated. ...

K. E. Lindstrom, T. C. Smith, T. S. Wells, L. Z. Wang, B. Smith

2004-01-01

292

Cluster Matrices for Health Occupations. Education for Employment Task Lists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These cluster matrices provide duties and tasks that form the basis of instructional content for secondary, postsecondary, and adult training programs for health occupations. The eight clusters (and the job titles included in each cluster) are as follows: (1) dental assisting (dental assistant); (2) dental laboratory technology (dental laboratory…

Lathrop, Janice

293

Long-Term Effect of College Quality on the Occupational Status of Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether, and to what extent, college quality has a longitudinal impact on the occupational status of students after controlling for students' background characteristics, ability, and years of schooling. The study also explored whether college quality differentially affects the long-term occupational status of students. Data for…

Dey, Eric L.; Wimsatt, Leslie A.; Rhee, Byung-Shik; Meader, Ellen Waterson.

294

The Effects of College Quality and Size on Student Occupational Choice. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on two issues: (1) the effects of college characteristics on the social status of student occupational choices; and (2) an analysis of the characteristics of colleges which affect the degree to which students choose occupations which are academic in character. The study is based on data gathered from 946 students in 99 colleges…

Meyer, John W.

295

Occupational Analysis: Safety and Health Coordinator  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this document which includes an overview of general required competencies for safety and health coordinators in the workplace. General areas of competence such as monitoring health and physical hazards in the work environment, conducting audits and providing information are included, as well as specific tasks in each category. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

2011-03-09

296

Examining public and occupational health risks of photovoltaic energy technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report examines potential public and occupational health and safety risks associated with different photovoltaic cell types (silicon n\\/p, silicon metal\\/insulator\\/semiconductor (MIS) and cadmium sulfide\\/copper sulfide) and their use in small rooftop shingle, rooftop panel, and ground-based units. Potential development of this technology has aroused concern about public health risks from use, and release of specific pollutants (e.g. silicon and

P. D. Moskowitz; E. A. Coveney; M. A. Crowther; L. D. Hamilton; S. C. Morris; K. M. Novak; P. Perry; W. A. Sevian; J. E. Smith; P. J. Walker

1981-01-01

297

Occupational health impacts: offshore crane lifts in life cycle assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background, Aim, and Scope  The identification and assessment of environmental tradeoffs is a strongpoint of life cycle assessment (LCA). A tradeoff made\\u000a in many product systems is the exchange of potential for occupational accidents with the additional use of energy and materials.\\u000a Net benefits of safety measures with respect to human health are best illustrated if the consequences avoided and health

Johan Pettersen; Edgar G. Hertwich

2008-01-01

298

Demystifying the Occupational Safety and Health Administration inspection process.  

PubMed

Being prepared for an Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) inspection can save a facility money, as well as potentially protect employees from serious illness or injury. This article explains the OSHA inspection process, types of violations that may be cited and the appeals process for employers and employees. Actual citations given in four recent OSHA health care facility inspections are discussed and general recommendations to prepare for an OSHA site visit are given. PMID:16674028

Price, Lowell L; Goodman, Terri

2006-04-01

299

The effect of federal health policy on occupational medicine.  

PubMed

All three branches of the federal government affect occupational medicine. Notable examples include: 1) the Department of Transportation ruling (1988) requiring drug testing in diverse areas of the transportation industry (executive branch); 2) the Workplace Drug Act (1988) calling for organizations to have a policy towards drug and alcohol abuse (legislative branch); and 3) the Supreme Court ruling on the constitutionality of drug testing in the transportation industry (1989) and that infectious diseases are a handicap in accordance with the 1973 Federal Rehabilitation Act (1987). The executive branch plays a major role in occupational medicine primarily through the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), which issues standards based on a rule making process; the executive branch can also affect occupational medicine indirectly, as evidenced by President Reagan's Executive Order 12291 calling for Office of Management and Budget oversight of regulatory initiatives. The legislative branch enacts laws, conducts hearings, and requests reports on the operations of federal agencies. The judicial branch addresses occupational health issues when people affected by an executive ruling want to challenge the ruling; or in the case of the Supreme Court, when deliberating an issue over which two circuit courts of appeal have come to divergent opinions. The Occupational Medicine profession can participate in the political process through awareness of proposed legislation and by responding accordingly with letters, resolutions, or testimony. Similar options exist within the executive branch by participating in the rule-making process. A representative of the Governmental Affairs Committee, through periodic visits with key Washington representatives, can keep members of the American College of Occupational Medicine informed about federal legislative and regulatory activities. In appropriate cases, the organization can then take a formal position on governmental activities that affect the speciality. PMID:2136532

McCunney, R J; Cikins, W

1990-01-01

300

Discretionary Review by the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission: Is It Necessary?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Deficiencies in the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission (OSAHRC), a court system created to carry out adjudicatory functions under the Williams-Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, are exposed and alternative solutions offered. (JT)

Moran, Robert D.

1974-01-01

301

Engineering Control of Occupational Safety and Health Hazards: Recommendations for Improving Engineering Practice, Education, and Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document is based on a series of workshops conducted to improve engineering practice, education, and research in the field of occupational safety and health. Included are (1) a brief historical review of of occupational safety and health engineering,...

C. E. Billings J. E. Peterson M. W. First R. L. Harris

1984-01-01

302

75 FR 51818 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; Final Effect of Designation of a Class of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICES National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; Final Effect...AGENCY: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Department...Support, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH),...

2010-08-23

303

75 FR 74733 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; Final Effect of Designation of a Class of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICES National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; Final Effect...AGENCY: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Department...Support, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH),...

2010-12-01

304

75 FR 32783 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; Designation of a Class of Employees for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICES National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; Designation of...AGENCY: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Department...Support, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH),...

2010-06-09

305

76 FR 62409 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; Final Effect of Designation of a Class of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICES National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; Final Effect...AGENCY: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Department...Support, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH),...

2011-10-07

306

75 FR 51816 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; Final Effect of Designation of a Class of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICES National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; Final Effect...AGENCY: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Department...Support, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH),...

2010-08-23

307

76 FR 72980 - Occupational Safety and Health State Plans; Extension of the Office of Management and Budget's...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration [Docket No. OSHA-2011-0197] Occupational Safety and Health State Plans; Extension...Paperwork) Requirements AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health...

2011-11-28

308

75 FR 65018 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; Designation of a Class of Employees for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; Designation of a Class...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Department...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676...

2010-10-21

309

75 FR 74733 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; Final Effect of Designation of a Class of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; Final Effect of Designation...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Department...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676...

2010-12-01

310

48 CFR 1352.271-82 - Department of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Department of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair... Department of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair... Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Standards for Ship...

2013-10-01

311

75 FR 57024 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; Designation of a Class of Employees for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; Designation of a Class...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Department...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676...

2010-09-17

312

Relationship between Parents' Occupation and Selected Factors Related to Student Supervised Occupational Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents who were engaged in farming as an occupation felt that they provided their sons and daughters greater assistance in developing and conducting supervised occupational experience than parents who were engaged in either agribusiness or nonagricultural occupations. (LRA)

Rawls, Willie

1981-01-01

313

Medical Physicists and Health Physicists: Radiation Occupations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physics is the study of matter and energy and the ways in which the two interact. Some physicists use their expertise in physics to focus on radiation. These specialists, called medical physicists and health physicists, work to help people or protect the environment. Medical physicists work with physicians, assisting patients who need imaging…

LaPointe, Jeffrey

2011-01-01

314

Organizational Injustice as an Occupational Health Risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

Content to conceive of inequity distress as a hypothetical construct instead of an intervening variable, a half century of research inspired by equity theory has paid little attention to measuring inequity distress. At the turn of the twenty?first century, however, European epidemiologists, interested in determinants of ill health, found that injustice is a source of adverse emotional reactions that put

Jerald Greenberg

2010-01-01

315

Occupational health and safety issues among nurses in the Philippines.  

PubMed

Nursing is a hazardous occupation in the United States, but little is known about workplace health and safety issues facing the nursing work force in the Philippines. In this article, work-related problems among a sample of nurses in the Philippines are described. Cross-sectional data were collected through a self-administered survey during the Philippine Nurses Association 2007 convention. Measures included four categories: work-related demographics, occupational injury/illness, reporting behavior, and safety concerns. Approximately 40% of nurses had experienced at least one injury or illness in the past year, and 80% had experienced back pain. Most who had an injury did not report it. The top ranking concerns were stress and overwork. Filipino nurses encounter considerable health and safety concerns that are similar to those encountered by nurses in other countries. Future research should examine the work organization factors that contribute to these concerns and strengthen policies to promote health and safety. PMID:19438081

de Castro, A B; Cabrera, Suzanne L; Gee, Gilbert C; Fujishiro, Kaori; Tagalog, Eularito A

2009-04-01

316

Occupational Health and Safety Issues Among Nurses in the Philippines  

PubMed Central

Nursing is a hazardous occupation in the United States, but little is known about workplace health and safety issues facing the nursing work force in the Philippines. In this article, work-related problems among a sample of nurses in the Philippines are described. Cross-sectional data were collected through a self-administered survey during the Philippine Nurses Association 2007 convention. Measures included four categories: work-related demographics, occupational injury/illness, reporting behavior, and safety concerns. Approximately 40% of nurses had experienced at least one injury or illness in the past year, and 80% had experienced back pain. Most who had an injury did not report it. The top ranking concerns were stress and overwork. Filipino nurses encounter considerable health and safety concerns that are similar to those encountered by nurses in other countries. Future research should examine the work organization factors that contribute to these concerns and strengthen policies to promote health and safety.

de Castro, A. B.; Cabrera, Suzanne L.; Gee, Gilbert C.; Fujishiro, Kaori; Tagalog, Eularito A.

2009-01-01

317

Finding toxicological information: An approach for occupational health professionals  

PubMed Central

Background It can be difficult for occupational health professionals to assess which toxicological databases available on the Internet are the most useful for answering their questions. Therefore we evaluated toxicological databases for their ability to answer practical questions about exposure and prevention. We also propose recommended practices for searching for toxicological properties of chemicals. Methods We used a systematic search to find databases available on the Internet. Our criteria for the databases were the following: has a search engine, includes factual information on toxic and hazardous chemicals harmful for human health, and is free of charge. We developed both a qualitative and a quantitative rating method, which was used by four independent assessors to determine appropriateness, the quality of content, and ease of use of the database. Final ratings were based on a consensus of at least two evaluators. Results Out of 822 results we found 21 databases that met our inclusion criteria. Out of these 21 databases 14 are administered in the US, five in Europe, one in Australia, and one in Canada. Nine are administered by a governmental organization. No database achieved the maximum score of 27. The databases GESTIS, ESIS, Hazardous Substances Data Bank, TOXNET and NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards all scored more than 20 points. The following approach was developed for occupational health professionals searching for the toxicological properties of chemicals: start with the identity of the chemical; then search for health hazards, exposure route and measurement; next the limit values; and finally look for the preventive measures. Conclusion A rating system of toxicological databases to assess their value for occupational health professionals discriminated well between databases in terms of their appropriateness, quality of information, and ease of use. Several American and European databases yielded high scores and provide a valuable source for occupational health professionals.

Laamanen, Irja; Verbeek, Jos; Franco, Giuliano; Lehtola, Marika; Luotamo, Marita

2008-01-01

318

A Survey of Occupational Safety & Health Libraries in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is very little published information available about occupational safety and health libraries. This study identified, described, and compared the occupational safety and health libraries in the United States. The questionnaire first filtered out those libraries that did not fit the definition of an occupational safety and health library;…

Jensen, Karen S.

319

The New Nurse in Industry. A Guide for the Newly Employed Occupational Health Nurse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These guidelines for professional nurses and employers in industrial settings present basic and fundamental nursing principles, duties, and responsibilities in the practice of occupational health. The content is presented in four chapters. The first briefly introduces occupational health. Chapter 2 on occupational health nursing service covers…

Lee, Jane A.

320

NIOH and NIOSH basis for an occupational health standard: Chlorobenzene  

SciTech Connect

Information relevant for assessing potential adverse health effects from occupational exposure to chlorobenzene was reviewed and summarized. Topics included physical properties, chemical properties, production levels, industrial uses, occupational exposure levels, toxicokinetics, acute and chronic toxicity, organ system toxicity, immunotoxicity, allergy, genotoxicity, carcinogenicity, teratogenicity, reproductive toxicity, dose/response relationships, and research needs. Studies have indicated that chlorobenzene is absorbed via respiratory and dermal routes and has resulted in headaches, dizziness, somnolence, and dyspeptic disorders in humans chronically exposed. There were no case reports or epidemiological studies available concerned with the potential carcinogenicity of chlorobenzene in humans. There was some limited evidence indicating that the compound is genotoxic and that it may induce hematopoietic toxicity at relatively moderate doses. The author concludes that the central nervous system effects and the hepatotoxic effects should be considered in setting occupational exposure limits.

Hellman, B.

1993-01-01

321

77 FR 16453 - Student Health Insurance Coverage  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES 45 CFR Parts 144...CMS-9981-F RIN 0938-AQ95 Student Health Insurance Coverage AGENCY: Centers for...rule establishes requirements for student health insurance coverage under the Public...

2012-03-21

322

76 FR 7767 - Student Health Insurance Coverage  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES 45 CFR Parts 144 and...CMS-9981-P] RIN 0950-AA20 Student Health Insurance Coverage AGENCY: Centers for...that would establish rules for student health insurance coverage under the Public...

2011-02-11

323

Airborne Nanostructured Particles and Occupational Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nanotechnology is leading to the development in many field, of new materials and devices in many fields that demonstrate nanostructure-dependent\\u000a properties. However, concern has been expressed that these same properties may present unique challenges to addressing potential\\u000a health impact. Airborne particles associated with engineered nanomaterials are of particular concern, as they can readily\\u000a enter the body through inhalation. Research into

Andrew D. Maynard; Eileen D. Kuempel

2005-01-01

324

[Current status of occupational health activities and the way that occupational health services should be offered to small- and medium-scale enterprises].  

PubMed

Activating occupational safety and health activities among Small- and Medium-scale Enterprises (SMEs) is a major issue because more than 80% of Japanese workers belong to these enterprises, in which the number of workers are less than 300 people. However, as the size of the enterprise decreases, the occurrence of problems of safety and health management systems and safety and health activities increases. Reasons for this include both the limitations of investments shortages of human resources. Occupational health services in SMEs has been provided by the cooperation of the following institutions: public associations (such as Regional Occupational Health Centers, Occupational Health Promotion Centers, Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association (JISHA)), occupational health agencies which provide checkup services, health insurance associations, and regional medical services. In contrast to the low coverage of occupational health services among SMEs in Japan, there are some countries in Europe in which this coverage is almost 100%. This is because of the development of occupational health services outside the company. To show the benefits of the safety and health activities to managers of SMEs, and to motivate them to take advantage of the services, it is important to consider measurements. Also, establishing systems that provide those services, improving the quality of specialists such as occupational physicians, and educating human resources, are all necessary. PMID:24107334

Kayashima, Kotaro

2013-10-01

325

Physics for Allied Health Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper I will describe two courses that I have been teaching for the past 6 years to physical therapy and occupational therapy students Emphasis will be paced on those points that distinguish these courses from others with which I am familiar. I will discuss the syllabus: homework, exams, labs and the final grade. I will also present a topic outline of the courses showing how examples are drawn from the human body to illustrate the physics concept under discussion and to stimulate the students's interest in the material. The following basic concepts of physics will be covered (each with human body examples): vectors, components, statics, conservation of energy, efficiency, change of state, heat transfer, electric charge, electric field, voltage and capacitance.

Goldick, Howard

2000-04-01

326

Occupational health services for shift and night workers.  

PubMed

It is important for an occupational health service to plan health supervision and measures for shift and night workers considering the biorhythmic and psychosocial desynchronisation, as well as the frequent prevalence of combined effects of adverse environmental and working conditions. The measures taken should be preventive to reduce the expected health risks rather than being rehabilitative. Both a medical surveillance and a counselling service are recommended before and during engagement in shift and night work. Sleep, digestive, metabolic and cardiovascular troubles should be noted and followed up. Medical counselling is especially necessary in the first months of shift and night work exposure and then after long-term exposure. The postulate for timed surveillance and intervention is supported by data of our epidemiologic investigations. The importance of the single health measures is underlined by direct reference to the relevant literature. Recommendations that should be applied in all countries and enterprises are in accordance with the ILO Night Work Convention 1990a and include: (1) appropriate occupational health services provided for night and shift workers, including counselling; (2) first aid facilities during all shift hours; (3) the option of transfer to day work when certified unfit for night work for reasons of health; and (4) measures for women on night shifts, in particular special maternity protection (transfer to day work, social security benefits or an extension of maternity leave). Examples of occupational health services already installed in some states for shift and night workers, and information on future developments are given. Up to now the medical service has been implemented mostly on the basis of collective agreements rather than on the basis of legal provisions. The Austrian Night Shift/Heavy Work Law Regulations of 1981, revised 1993, are cited: workers exposed to night shifts under defined single or combined additional heavy workloads are entitled to a special health assessment, additional rest pauses, additional free time and early retirement depending on years of exposure. PMID:15676309

Koller, M

1996-02-01

327

Occupational safety and health in India: now and the future.  

PubMed

India, a growing economy and world's largest democracy, has population exceeding 1.2 billion. Out of this huge number, 63.6% form working age group. More than 90% work in the informal economy, mainly agriculture and services. Less than 10% work in the organized sector; mainly industry, mining and some services. New service industries like Information Technology (IT), Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) are increasing rapidly; so is the proportion of females in the workforce. The occupational safety and health (OSH) scenario in India is complex. Unprecedented growth and progress go hand in hand with challenges such as huge workforce in unorganized sector, availability of cheap labor, meager public spending on health, inadequate implementation of existing legislation, lack of reliable OSH data, shortage of OSH professionals, multiplicity of statutory controls, apathy of stakeholders and infrastructure problems. The national policy on OSH at workplace, adopted by the government in 2009, is yet to be implemented. Some of the major occupational risks are accidents, pneumoconiosis, musculoskeletal injuries, chronic obstructive lung diseases; pesticide poisoning and noise induced hearing loss. The three most important OSH needs are: 1. legislation to extend OSH coverage to all sectors of working life including the unorganized sector; 2. spreading the awareness about OSH among stakeholders; 3. development of OSH infrastructure and OSH professionals. Other issues include integration of occupational health with primary health care. PMID:22790480

Pingle, Shyam

2012-01-01

328

Occupational health and safety in Australia.  

PubMed

The focus of OHS in Australia is on workplace-based prevention rather than individual health care. Over the past decade, workers' compensation data have shown continuous improvement in work-related deaths, serious injuries and diseases. Injuries from work-related vehicle incidents are the leading cause of fatalities. There is a high incidence of on-road incidents in light vehicles; this problem is under-recognised, and better incidence data are required to support more effective interventions. Rates of many long-latency diseases such as cancers are underestimated, and again more reliable information is needed, particularly on work-related exposures to carcinogens. Disease-related deaths are largely confined to older workers. Musculoskeletal injuries and disorders are the most frequent and costly OHS problem, constituting a large majority of non-fatal injuries and diseases. There is growing recognition that their risk management should be more evidence based, integrating assessment and control of psychosocial and 'manual handling' hazards. A high rate of population ageing is increasing risk of chronic diseases, including musculoskeletal disorders, which is helping to raise awareness of the importance of protecting and promoting workforce health. Strategies to achieve this have been developed but implementation is at an early stage. PMID:22790481

Macdonald, Wendy; Driscoll, Tim; Stuckey, Rwth; Oakman, Jodi

2012-01-01

329

Proceedings from the 1998 Occupational Health Conference: Benchmarking for Excellence  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The theme of the 1998 NASA Occupational Health Conference was "Benchmarking for Excellence." Conference participants included NASA and contractor Occupational Health professionals, as well as speakers from NASA, other Federal agencies and private companies. Addressing the Conference theme, speakers described new concepts and techniques for corporate benchmarking. They also identified practices used by NASA, other Federal agencies, and by award winning programs in private industry. A two-part Professional Development Course on workplace toxicology and indoor air quality was conducted a day before the Conference. A program manager with the International Space Station Office provided an update on station activities and an expert delivered practical advice on both oral and written communications. A keynote address on the medical aspects of space walking by a retired NASA astronaut highlighted the Conference. Discipline breakout sessions, poster presentations, and a KSC tour complemented the Conference agenda.

Hoffler, G. Wyckliffe (Editor); O'Donnell, Michele D. (Editor)

1999-01-01

330

Trial-Based Economic Evaluations in Occupational Health  

PubMed Central

To allocate available resources as efficiently as possible, decision makers need information on the relative economic merits of occupational health and safety (OHS) interventions. Economic evaluations can provide this information by comparing the costs and consequences of alternatives. Nevertheless, only a few of the studies that consider the effectiveness of OHS interventions take the extra step of considering their resource implications. Moreover, the methodological quality of those that do is generally poor. Therefore, this study aims to help occupational health researchers conduct high-quality trial-based economic evaluations by discussing the theory and methodology that underlie them, and by providing recommendations for good practice regarding their design, analysis, and reporting. This study also helps consumers of this literature with understanding and critically appraising trial-based economic evaluations of OHS interventions.

van Wier, Marieke F.; Tompa, Emile; Bongers, Paulien M.; van der Beek, Allard J.; van Tulder, Maurits W.; Bosmans, Judith E.

2014-01-01

331

Planning for Occupational Health. Part II: Methods and Strategies for HSAs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Occupational health can become an integral part of the functions of the Health Systems Agencies. As the incidence of occupational illness increases, so do the health care costs. In their efforts to contain costs of health care, and to improve health servi...

V. Lin A. Rosen

1980-01-01

332

Occupational health hazards to the ultrasonographer and their possible prevention.  

PubMed

Occupational health hazards in ultrasonography are becoming more prevalent as the field continues to grow. Eye strain, musculoskeletal pain or injury, carpal tunnel syndrome, repetitive strain injuries, stress, burnout, and other hazards have been addressed as concerns in other studies and surveys. These topics are discussed, as well as the possible preventive measures that may be used to maximize and maintain the ultrasonographer's well-being throughout his or her career. PMID:9168359

Mercer, R B; Marcella, C P; Carney, D K; McDonald, R W

1997-05-01

333

Perceptions of Occupational Prestige: Differences between African American and White College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined perceptions of occupational prestige among university students. One hundred and twenty-four African American and 174 White students rated the prestige levels of 36 occupations evenly sampled from the six RIASEC types and three levels of prestige. Results indicated that there was a significant difference in perception of…

Walker, Terrance L.; Tracey, Terence J. G.

2012-01-01

334

The Educational Outcomes of Occupational Sub-Baccalaureate Students: Evidence from the 1990S  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Occupational students constitute the majority of enrollments at community colleges. Moreover, over the last 15 years, the ''vocationalization'' of the community college has been one of the most controversial trends in higher education. However, little is known about how the educational experiences of occupational students compare to those of…

Alfonso, M.; Bailey, T.R.; Scott, M.

2005-01-01

335

Amotivation and the occupational decision: an investigation of Australian senior high school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This exploratory study investigated the occupational decision-related processes of senior high school students, in terms of the extent to which they may be amotivated in choosing a future occupation. Data were gathered using a newly developed questionnaire, which was largely adapted from a number of psychometrically proven instruments, and administered to 492 Grade 11 students attending a stratified random sample

Jae Yup Jung; John McCormick

2010-01-01

336

Critical thinking skills and learning styles of first-year students in weekend occupational therapy programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eight college curricula in which all course work for a degree in occupational therapy is scheduled on weekends, have been accredited since 1984. Weekend occupational therapy programs recruit working adult students from diverse backgrounds. The purpose of this study was to determine the degree to which variability in the critical thinking skills and learning styles of first-year students in these

Cynthia Louise Creighton

1999-01-01

337

Occupational health and safety among commercial sex workers.  

PubMed

The concept of occupational health and safety (OHS) for commercial sex workers has rarely been investigated, perhaps because of the often informal nature of the workplace, the associated stigma, and the frequently illegal nature of the activity. We reviewed the literature on health, occupational risks, and safety among commercial sex workers. Cultural and local variations and commonalities were identified. Dimensions of OHS that emerged included legal and policing risks, risks associated with particular business settings such as streets and brothels, violence from clients, mental health risks and protective factors, alcohol and drug use, repetitive strain injuries, sexually transmissible infections, risks associated with particular classes of clients, issues associated with male and transgender commercial sex workers, and issues of risk reduction that in many cases are associated with lack of agency or control, stigma, and legal barriers. We further discuss the impact and potential of OHS interventions for commercial sex workers. The OHS of commercial sex workers covers a range of domains, some potentially modifiable by OHS programs and workplace safety interventions targeted at this population. We argue that commercial sex work should be considered as an occupation overdue for interventions to reduce workplace risks and enhance worker safety. PMID:21808944

Ross, Michael W; Crisp, Beth R; Månsson, Sven-Axel; Hawkes, Sarah

2012-03-01

338

NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) Testimony on the Occupational Safety and Health Administration Proposed Rule: Occupational Exposure to Benzene, Part 1, to DOL (Department of Labor), by J. Donald Millar, March 1986.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The testimony concerned the proposed rule from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regarding occupational exposure to benzene (71432). The possibility that the proposed 1 part per million (ppm) benzene standard did not substantially r...

1986-01-01

339

Health Literacy in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the health literacy levels, and the potential importance of healthy literacy, of college students. Participants: Courses were randomly selected from all upper level undergraduate courses at a large Research I university to obtain a sample size of N = 399. Methods: During the 2007-2008 school year,…

Ickes, Melinda J.; Cottrell, Randall

2010-01-01

340

[ILO plan of action (2010-2016) on occupational safety and health and new list of occupational diseases].  

PubMed

ILO plan of action (2010-2016) to achieve widespread ratification and effective implementation of the occupational safety and health instruments (Convention No. 155, its 2002 Protocol and Convention No. 187) is discussed. ILO documents on recording and notification as well as new list of occupational diseases (revised 2010) are considered. PMID:21614798

Denisov, É I; Mazitova, N N; Shemetova, M V; Chelishcheva, M Iu; Chesalin, P V

2011-01-01

341

Utilization of Occupational Therapy in Mental Health Facilities in Western Pennsylvania  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores factors that are influencing the utilization of occupational therapists in mental health facilities in Western Pennsylvania from the perspective of administrators of mental health agencies. Administrators completed a 32 item survey. Descriptive statistics were compiled and inferential statistical analysis compared group means by type of facility, employment of occupational therapy personnel, awareness of occupational therapy education, and

Jaime Phillip Muñoz; John Sciulli Jr; Dara L. Thomas; Ryan S. Wissner

2000-01-01

342

Improving occupational health care for construction workers: a process evaluation  

PubMed Central

Background To evaluate the process of a job-specific workers’ health surveillance (WHS) in improving occupational health care for construction workers. Methods From January to July 2012 were 899 bricklayers and supervisors invited for the job-specific WHS at three locations of one occupational health service throughout the Netherlands. The intervention aimed at detecting signs of work-related health problems, reduced work capacity and/or reduced work functioning. Measurements were obtained using a recruitment record and questionnaires at baseline and follow-up. The process evaluation included the following: reach (attendance rate), intervention dose delivered (provision of written recommendations and follow-up appointments), intervention dose received (intention to follow-up on advice directly after WHS and remembrance of advice three months later), and fidelity (protocol adherence). The workers scored their increase in knowledge from 0–10 with regard to health status and work ability, their satisfaction with the intervention and the perceived (future) effect of such an intervention. Program implementation was defined as the mean score of reach, fidelity, and intervention dose delivered and received. Results Reach was 9% (77 workers participated), fidelity was 67%, the intervention dose delivered was 92 and 63%, and the intervention dose received was 68 and 49%. The total programme implementation was 58%. The increases in knowledge regarding the health status and work ability of the workers after the WHS were graded as 7.0 and 5.9, respectively. The satisfaction of the workers with the entire intervention was graded as 7.5. The perceived (future) effects on health status were graded as 6.3, and the effects on work ability were graded with a 5.2. The economic recession affected the workers as well as the occupational health service that enacted the implementation. Conclusions Programme implementation was acceptable. Low reach, limited protocol adherence and modest engagement of the workers with respect to the intervention were the most prominent aspects that influenced the intervention process. The increase in the workers’ knowledge about their health status and work ability was substantial, and the workers’ satisfaction with the intervention was good. The perceived effect of the advised preventive actions on health status was sufficient. Trial registration Netherlands Trial Register: http://NTR3012

2013-01-01

343

Study Behaviors of High-Risk Occupational Students in the Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author of this study collected data from occupational students in a large urban community college. All students were participating in a vocational skills laboratory (SAIL) supported by state funding. The Study Behavior Inventory (SBI) was administered to 100 students and demographic data was collected. Individual reports for each student

Sandiford, Janice R.

344

[Clinical approach to workers occupationally exposed to negative stress by the occupational health physician].  

PubMed

Following the activation of new norms requiring that all occupational risks including psychosocial risks be evaluated and prevention programs activated, the occupational physician is now faced with new tasks and is expected to modify his role and function. Care and monitoring of stressed workers demand a higher participation in and an adaptation to the different ways in which stress shows up and has consequences on workers health and wellbeing. A subjects suffering of a stress-related disorder asks for a prompt solution be it medical or a job reorganization intervention in order to guarantee the prosecution of his job while the burnout affected subject rather points to leave the situation, to move to another responsibility or no responsibility even when this means abandoning a life choice. The subject suffering for a mobbing situation asks for justice, an intervention to stop the devastating mechanism and the recognition of the actors of his suffering. The three situations ask for differentiated interventions on the part of the occupational physician but all three require attention, participation, time and change from only medical assistance to a caring attitude and an active participation lasting in time. PMID:19943438

Cassitto, M G

2009-01-01

345

Effects upon health of occupational exposure to microwave radiation (radar).  

PubMed

The effects of occupational experience with microwave radiation (radar) on the health of US enlisted Naval personnel were studied in cohorts of approximately 20,000 men with maximum opportunity for exposure (electronic equipment repair) and 208000 with minimum potential for exposure (equipment operation) who served during the Korean War period. Potential exposure was assessed in terms of occupational duties, length of time in occupation and power of equipment at the time of exposure. Actual exposure to members of each cohort could not be established. Mortality by cause of death, hospitalization during military service, later hospitalization in Veterans Administration (VA) facilities, and VA disability compensation were the health indexes studied, largely through the use of automated record systems. No adverse effects were detected in these indexes that could be attributed to potential microwave radiation exposures during the period 1950-1954. Functional and behavioral changes and ill-defined conditions, such as have been reported as microwave effects, could not be investigated in this study but subgroups of the living study population can be identified for expanded follow-up. PMID:7395854

Robinette, C D; Silverman, C; Jablon, S

1980-07-01

346

[Comparative analysis of occupational health services practice of international companies of oil and gas industry and ILO Convention "Occupational Health Services"].  

PubMed

A comparative analysis of current work practices of occupational health services of international companies of Russian oil & gas industry and provisions of ILO Convention 161 and Recommendation 171 "Occupational Health Services" has been carried out. Proposals for improvement and harmonization of labor legislation related to this problem have been formulated. PMID:24000724

Gevorkian, É V; Spiridonov, V L; Shatokhin, A S; Ékgardt, E V; Avdokhin, A V; Iakovlev, A P

2013-01-01

347

Occupational Risk Factors and Asthma among Health Care Professionals  

PubMed Central

Rationale: Recent U.S. data suggest an increased risk of work-related asthma among health care workers, yet only a few specific determinants have been elucidated. Objectives: To evaluate associations of asthma prevalence with occupational exposures in a cross-sectional survey of health care professionals. Methods: A detailed questionnaire was mailed to a random sample (n = 5,600) of all Texas physicians, nurses, respiratory therapists, and occupational therapists with active licenses in 2003. Information on asthma symptoms and nonoccupational asthma risk factors obtained from the questionnaire was linked to occupational exposures derived through an industry-specific job-exposure matrix. Measurements: There were two a priori defined outcomes: (1) physician-diagnosed asthma with onset after entry into health care (“reported asthma”) and (2) “bronchial hyperresponsiveness–related symptoms,” defined through an 8-item symptom-based predictor. Main Results: Overall response rate was 66%. The final study population consisted of 862 physicians, 941 nurses, 968 occupational therapists, and 879 respiratory therapists (n = 3,650). Reported asthma was associated with medical instrument cleaning (odds ratio [OR], 2.22; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.34–3.67), general cleaning (OR, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.20–3.40), use of powdered latex gloves between 1992 and 2000 (OR, 2.17; 95% CI, 1.27–3.73), and administration of aerosolized medications (OR, 1.72; 95% CI, 1.05–2.83). The risk associated with latex glove use was not apparent after 2000. Bronchial hyperresponsiveness–related symptoms were associated with general cleaning (OR, 1.63; 95% CI, 1.21–2.19), aerosolized medication administration (OR, 1.40; 95% CI, 1.06–1.84), use of adhesives on patients (OR, 1.65; 95% CI, 1.22–2.24), and exposure to a chemical spill (OR, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.28–3.21). Conclusions: The contribution of occupational exposures to asthma in health care professionals is not trivial, meriting both implementation of appropriate controls and further study.

Delclos, George L.; Gimeno, David; Arif, Ahmed A.; Burau, Keith D.; Carson, Arch; Lusk, Christine; Stock, Thomas; Symanski, Elaine; Whitehead, Lawrence W.; Zock, Jan-Paul; Benavides, Fernando G.; Anto, Josep M.

2007-01-01

348

(Health risk assessment on environmental, occupational, and life style hazards)  

SciTech Connect

The traveler was invited to visit NIHS, Tokyo, Japan, to give a lecture to the NIHS staff; traveler then participated in the Symposium on Health Risk Assessment on Environmental, Occupational, and Life Style Hazards, Taipei, Taiwan. Recommendations of the symposium were summarized as: to establish a research institution for risk assessment on environmental, occupational, and life style hazards; to establish a comprehensive data base for risk assessment associated with the above discipline for further information analysis; to establish public confidence through the risk assessment practice advisory committee to ensure scientific technical expertise; and to communicate the results of risk assessments through mass media and enhance public awareness of environmental contamination and associated social and economic impacts.

Lu, Po-Yung.

1989-01-10

349

Hospital Occupational Health Services Study. II. Employee Health and Safety Statistics and Records.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Results are presented of a survey of occupational safety and health in U.S. hospitals. Illness is found to be the most frequent cause of absence in hospital employees, with respiratory problems the most frequent health problem. Strains and sprains and pun...

1975-01-01

350

Student Mental Health: Reframing the "Problem"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author contends that to understand the concern over student mental health, one must first consider what students are reporting about themselves. Students with mental health issues are intellectually capable; rising numbers of accepted students with diagnosed psychological conditions confirm this. However, many conditions…

Bertram, Margaret

2010-01-01

351

Student Health and the Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research and statistical surveys on student health services and problems at community colleges are reviewed to ascertain administrative attitudes, student health care needs, and areas for improvement. Providing health care for students is said to be generally overlooked by community college professionals who feel it should not be the college's…

Whitaker, Linda A.

352

Occupational safety and health in the United kingdom: securing future workplace health and wellbeing.  

PubMed

The industrial revolution that took place in the United Kingdom (UK) between 1760 and 1830 lead to profound social change, with rapid urbanisation associated with squalid living conditions and epidemics of infectious diseases. The next 150 yr or so saw the introduction of many specific acts of health and safety legislation. In 1974 new overarching primary legislation was introduced that would produce a step change in the evolution of health and safety enforcement. In 2004, a new strategy was launched designed to promote a vision embedding health and safety as a cornerstone of a civilised society and to achieve a record of workplace health and safety that leads the world. Good progress in controlling many safety hazards and improving occupational hygiene has been made. There has been a fall in numbers of a wide range of injuries and diseases or illnesses since 2000. The challenge will be to maintain these favourable trends and prepare for new and emerging diseases at a time when resources are diminishing. The importance of occupational health within the UK health and safety strategy has been recognised over the last decade. Occupational health is developing a new paradigm which combines classical health risk management with assessment of workability, rehabilitation back to work and promotion of health and wellbeing. There is an increasing recognition that being in supported employment is good for health and reduces health inequalities. PMID:22878267

Harrison, John

2012-01-01

353

Occupational health needs of universities: a review with an emphasis on the United Kingdom  

PubMed Central

This study describes the needs of universities in relation to planning the provision of occupational health services, by detailing their occupational hazards and risks and other relevant factors. The paper presents the results of (1) an enquiry into publicly available data relevant to occupational health in the university sector in the United Kingdom, (2) a literature review on occupational health provision in universities, and (3) selected results from a survey of university occupational health services in the UK. Although the enquiry and survey, but not the literature review, were restricted to the UK, the authors consider that the results are relevant to other countries because of the broad similarities of the university sector between countries. These three approaches showed that the university sector is large, with a notably wide range of occupational hazards, and other significant factors which must be considered in planning occupational health provision for individual universities or for the sector as a whole.

Venables, K M; Allender, S

2006-01-01

354

Occupational exposure to blood, hepatitis B vaccine knowledge and uptake among medical students in Cameroon  

PubMed Central

Background Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the most contagious blood borne pathogen. The risk of occupational exposure to HBV among health care workers is a major concern, especially medical trainees. In this study we describe the knowledge of risk factors for HBV infection, history of accidental exposure to blood, awareness of HBV vaccine and the vaccination status among medical students in Cameroon. Methods In April 2012, a cross-sectional survey was carried out using a pretested self-administered questionnaire among 111 medical students. Results Sixty-two students (55.9%) had had at least one accidental exposure to blood since the beginning of their medical training, with a median of 2 (IQR, 1-3) exposures. There was a good knowledge of the risk factors for HBV infection and awareness of HBV vaccine among participants. However, only 20 (18%) participants had completed the three doses of primary HBV vaccination. Furthermore, only 2 of the 20 (10%) adequately vaccinated participants had a post-vaccination test to confirm a good immune response and thus an effective protection against HBV infection. The main reason for not being vaccinated was lack of money to pay for the vaccine (45.6%). Forty seven (42.3%) participants had been sensitized by their training institutions about the importance of HBV vaccination. These were more likely to be vaccinated compared to those who had not been sensitized (p<0,001). Conclusion There is a high rate of accidental exposure to blood and a very low HBV vaccination uptake in medical students in Cameroon, leading to a high occupational risk of HBV infection. HBV vaccination should be strongly recommended for medical students and the vaccine made available free of charge at the beginning of their training.

2013-01-01

355

Occupational overuse syndrome: moral ambiguities of New Zealand health professionals.  

PubMed

In this article we examine the moral ambiguities expressed by New Zealand health professionals regarding their clients and patients who have occupational overuse syndrome (OOS). Workers with OOS were described as being hard working and dedicated, but also undisciplined in their work and personal lives. The goal of rehabilitation in such cases is a return to full work duties and to this end, health professionals represent the disciplinary and normalizing technologies of the neoliberal state which, in New Zealand, provides financial support and treatment for injured workers. According to the health professionals in this study, the disciplinary technologies exercised through rehabilitation require that clients and patients internalize key values associated with the rhetoric of healthism; primarily self-discipline, self-control, self-denial, and willpower. These underpin successful rehabilitation and ongoing management of OOS, and at the same time represent the central values of the neoliberal capitalist workplace. PMID:21490295

Jaye, Chrystal; Fitzgerald, Ruth

2011-10-01

356

Moldy buildings, health of their occupants and fungal prevention.  

PubMed

Microscopic fungi are important biological pollutants in the indoor environment, they are spread generally: on building materials, carpets, ceiling tiles, insulations, any surfaces, wallpapers, or in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems. Molds are able to grow on any materials, as long as moisture and oxygen are available. Exposure to fungi in indoor environments (esp. in water-damaged buildings) can cause adverse health effects, such as allergy, asthma, hypersensitivity pneumonia, mucous membrane irritation, different toxic effects, or even mycoses (in immunocompromised individuals) - alone or in combination. As serious adverse health effects could be caused antifungal prevention is an absolute need.This review article summarizes the occurrence of fungi in the indoor environment of buildings and their contribution to occupants´ health problems, and preventive measures against molds (Tab. 1, Fig. 1, Ref. 48). PMID:22616593

Mihinova, D; Pieckova, E

2012-01-01

357

Occupational and environmental health hazards in the plastics industry.  

PubMed Central

A brief description of the potential occupational health hazards encountered in the manufacture of plastics (polymers) is given. In general, these hazards are due to the monomers used to make the various plastics, to unreacted monomer contained within the finished products, and to the fillers, stabilizers, pigments, inhibitors, and initiators used in fabricating the finished products. They run the gamut from angiosarcomas of the liver due to vinyl chloride, to dermatitis and asthma-like reactions due to the initiators used with epoxy resins.

Eckardt, R E

1976-01-01

358

Workplace violence in long haul trucking: occupational health nursing update.  

PubMed

Almost 2 million workdays and millions of dollars are lost annually because of non-fatal assaults suffered at the workplace (NIOSH, 1996). Twenty workers, on average, are murdered each week in the United States and an estimated 18,000 workers per week are victims of non-fatal assault (NIOSH, 2001). Violence and stress are two interrelated issues that affect the work force. In-depth studies of these issues have not been conducted with long haul truckers in general, or with women in non-traditional, male dominated fields such as the long haul trucking industry. Epidemiological data related to violence and stress experienced by these under-studied populations are needed to plan effective interventions to reduce occupational risks. Studies employing both qualitative and quantitative methods are needed to articulate risk and protective factors related to violence against workers (Runyan, 2001). Occupational health nurses are qualified to participate in the development and implementation of research and intervention studies to improve worker safety related to violence at the workplace for men and women in both traditional and non-traditional occupational roles. PMID:14740866

Anderson, Debra Gay

2004-01-01

359

Guidelines for Health Services for Migrant Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides a standard by which California migrant education health staff can plan, implement, and evaluate a health program for students in grades K-12. Following sections which describe current state legislation, the need for health services, and California's objectives and activities regarding health services for migrant students

Strazicich, Mirko, Ed.

360

Health Educator Believability and College Student Self-Rated Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To evaluate the self-rated health (SRH) status among college students who reported receiving the majority of their health-related information from health educators. Participants: Students (n = 49,921) who completed the 2006 National College Health Association survey. Methods: Bivariate associations between SRH and the believability of…

Zullig, Keith J.; Reger-Nash, Bill; Valois, Robert F.

2012-01-01

361

Discrepancies between Students' Health Education Knowledge and Health Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although most health education programs have focused on knowledge as the major outcome, there is conflicting information about the impact of knowledge-based programs on health behaviors. This study compared student health knowledge and health practices by administering tests and questionnaires to 1,371 students in grades three and six, and junior…

Afaga, Lorna; And Others

362

[Reformation of occupational health in France: state of the problem and new law].  

PubMed

The state of the problem and new law of France No 2011-867 on occupational health organization and two decrees are described. These introduce services of health at work mainly with prophylactic tasks and whose functions are performed by interdisciplinary teams including doctors, assistants and specialists on occupational risk prevention. The documents are based on ILO Convention No 161 "Occupational health services". PMID:24000725

Denisov, É I

2013-01-01

363

42 CFR 9.10 - Occupational Health and Safety Program (OHSP) and biosafety requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...How are employee Occupational Health and Safety Program risks and...assure that an Occupational Health and Safety Program (OHSP...current accepted practices and publications prepared by the CDC, NIH...staff is fully aware of the health condition of the arriving...

2013-10-01

364

Sentinel Health Events (occupational): a basis for physician recognition and public health surveillance.  

PubMed Central

A Sentinel Health Event (SHE) is a preventable disease, disability, or untimely death whose occurrence serves as a warning signal that the quality of preventive and/or therapeutic medical care may need to be improved. A SHE (Occupational) is a disease, disability, or untimely death which is occupationally related and whose occurrence may: 1) provide the impetus for epidemiologic or industrial hygiene studies; or 2) serve as a warning signal that materials substitution, engineering control, personal protection, or medical care may be required. The present SHE(O) list encompasses 50 disease conditions that are linked to the workplace. Only those conditions are included for which objective documentation of an associated agent, industry, and occupation exists in the scientific literature. The list will serve as a framework for developing a national system for occupational health surveillance that may be applied at the state and local level, and as a guide for practicing physicians caring for patients with occupational illnesses. We expect to update the list periodically to accommodate new occupational disease events which meet the criteria for inclusion.

Rutstein, D D; Mullan, R J; Frazier, T M; Halperin, W E; Melius, J M; Sestito, J P

1983-01-01

365

Student Delivery of Health Services to Students: A Longitudinal Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student health aide programs for college students have been instrumental in nutrition improvement, medication compliance, general preventive medicine, and in aiding in the mental health delivery system. In this study, headaches and upper respiratory infections constituted a significant percentage of the total visits to the health aide. (JN)

Martin, Gary L.; And Others

1981-01-01

366

Job Safety. Cooperative Occupational Education, Unit 14. Instructor Material and Student Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit, one in a series of packets of teacher and student materials for cooperative occupational education (COE) designed for special needs students, is intended to provide students with information relative to job safety. Emphasis is placed on monetary and personal costs of accidents, causes of accidents on the job, and how accidents can be…

Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

367

The Process of Interprofessional Teamwork between Occupational Therapy and Psychology Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Rationale: Although interprofessional learning has been promoted as an effective means of educating students, the actual process of collaborative learning between students from different professions has not been fully examined, particularly between occupational therapy and psychology. The literature contains many anecdotal examples of successful ways for students to collaborate, yet most focus on the process of developing a course rather

Dana Howell; Peggy Wittman

2009-01-01

368

The flexible learning needs and preferences of regional occupational therapy students in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to explore the flexible learning needs and preferences of occupational therapy students from a regional Australian university. Participants (n?=?170) were surveyed using a quantitative survey tool. Findings were analysed using SPSS to determine significant differences between variable attributes of the student cohort. The survey found that students have complex and competing lifestyle demands, which impact on study.

Lynne Zeldenryk; Scott Bradey

2012-01-01

369

Managing Time and Money. Cooperative Occupational Education, Unit 17. Instructor Material and Student Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit, one in a series of packets of teacher and student materials for cooperative occupational education (COE) designed for special needs students, is intended to develop student awareness of the importance of budgeting both time and money. It shows the relationship between the amount of time one works and how much one earns; and it provides…

Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

370

Occupational safety among dental health-care workers  

PubMed Central

Compared to other health-care workers, dental health-care workers come in close contact with patients and use a variety of sharp and high-speed rotating instruments. It is important to understand the characteristics of the occupational accidents that occur. We reviewed incident reports from April 1, 2005, to March 31, 2010, at Matsumoto Dental University Hospital. In addition, questionnaires dealing with identification of occupational safety issues, especially splash exposures, were conducted for dentists, dental hygienists, and nurses. Thirty-two occupational injuries were reported during the study period, including 23 sharp instrument injuries (71.9%), 6 splash exposures (18.8%), and 3 others. Of the six splash exposures, only two cases involved potential contamination with blood or other potentially infectious patient material. Of the 66 workers who experienced sharps injuries, 20 workers (30.3%, 20/66) reported them to the hospital work safety team. The questionnaire revealed high incident of splash exposures and conjunctiva exposures: 87.9% (51/58) and 60.3% (35/58) in dentists and 88.6% (39/44) and 61.4% (27/44) in dental hygienists. The compliance rate for routine use of protective eyewear was 60.3% (35/58) for dentists and 34.1% (15/44) for hygienists. Of the presented informational items included in the questionnaire, those that strongly persuaded respondents to use protective eyewear were ‘splatters from the patient’s mouth contain blood’ (90%, 99/110) and ‘dental operations at our clinic are performed based only on a questionnaire without serious examinations for HBV, HCV, and HIV’ (71.8%, 79/110). The reason of low compliance of protective eyewear among dentists might relate to fine dental procedures. Appropriate information is important for the motive of wearing personal protective equipment, and an early educational program may have a potential to increase compliance with the use of that equipment.

Shimoji, Shigehiro; Ishihama, Kohji; Yamada, Hidefumi; Okayama, Masaki; Yasuda, Kouichi; Shibutani, Tohru; Ogasawara, Tadashi; Miyazawa, Hiroo; Furusawa, Kiyofumi

2010-01-01

371

Attitudes towards fibromyalgia: A survey of Canadian chiropractic, naturopathic, physical therapy and occupational therapy students  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The frequent use of chiropractic, naturopathic, and physical and occupational therapy by patients with fibromyalgia has been emphasized repeatedly, but little is known about the attitudes of these therapists towards this challenging condition. METHODS: We administered a cross-sectional survey to 385 senior Canadian chiropractic, naturopathic, physical and occupational therapy students in their final year of studies, that inquired about

Jason W Busse; Abhaya V Kulkarni; Parminder Badwall; Gordon H Guyatt

2008-01-01

372

The Occupational Aspirations and Expectations of College Students Majoring in Jazz Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to investigate the occupational aspirations and occupational expectations of college students majoring in jazz studies in the United States. Participants included the population of jazz studies majors (N = 211) at a large mid-southern university known for its prestigious and internationally recognized jazz program. A…

Devroop, Karendra

2012-01-01

373

Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Personal Services, Housekeeping Oriented.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide on housekeeping oriented personal services is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to…

Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

374

Characteristics of male university students with weak occupational similarity on the Strong Vocational Interest Blank  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of male college students who lacked primary or secondary patterns in their SVIB with 35 matching Ss showing one or more primary patterns on the SVIB. Ss were compared on Kuder Vocational scales, SVIB non-occupational scales, and the distribution of L, I and D, SVIB responses. Hypotheses were that the no-primary or secondary pattern group (called low occupational

Donald G. Zytowski

1965-01-01

375

Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Plastics Manufacturing and Assembling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum resource guide on plastics manufacturing and assembling is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed…

Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

376

Health effects of occupational exposures to vehicle emissions in Shanghai.  

PubMed

The authors investigated the health effects of occupational exposures to vehicle emissions in 745 bus drivers, conductors, and taxi drivers, compared with 532 unexposed controls, in Shanghai. Logistic regression and general linear models were used to examine the relationship between exposure and respiratory illness. Results showed that the prevalences of some respiratory symptoms and chronic respiratory diseases were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in the exposed group than in the controls. The adjusted odds ratios for throat pain, phlegm, chronic rhinitis, and chronic pharyngitis were 1.95 (95% CI 1.55-2.46), 3.90 (95% CI 2.61-5.81), 1.96 (95% CI 1.11-3.46), and 4.19 (95% CI 2.49-7.06), respectively. Also, there were exposure time response relationships for the prevalences of phlegm and chronic respiratory disease. Pulmonary function and blood lead levels were not significantly correlated with exposure status. The results suggest that occupational exposure to vehicle emissions may induce detectable adverse health effects. PMID:11210009

Zhou, W; Yuan, D; Ye, S; Qi, P; Fu, C; Christiani, D C

2001-01-01

377

Report on occupational safety and health to the Secretary of Labor for CY 1980  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Summary and evaluation of NASA occupational safety and health activities focus on: policy; personnel; funding. Training activities, inspection, record-keeping, and interagency activities are included.

1980-10-01

378

Does Occupational Mobility Influence Health among Working Women? Comparing Objective and Subjective Measures of Work Trajectories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Occupational mobility is highly valued in American society, but is it consequential to women's health? Previous studies have yielded inconsistent results, but most measured occupational mobility by identifying transitions across occupational categories. Drawing from cumulative inequality theory, this study (1) compares objective and subjective…

Wilkinson, Lindsay R.; Shippee, Tetyana P.; Ferraro, Kenneth F.

2012-01-01

379

Occupational health guidelines for the management of low back pain: an international comparison  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The enormous socioeconomic burden of low back pain emphasises the need for effective management of this problem, especially in an occupational context. To address this, occupational guidelines have been issued in various countries.Aims: To compare available international guidelines dealing with the management of low back pain in an occupational health care setting.Methods: The guidelines were compared regarding generally accepted

J B Staal; H Hlobil; M W van Tulder; G Waddell; A K Burton; B W Koes; W van Mechelen

2003-01-01

380

Sources of stress in the national health services: A comparison of seven occupational groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a comparative study of sources of occupational stress affecting the seven major occupational groups within the National Health Service. The groups are compared on seven dependent variables. These are the six sub-categories of stressors identified by Cooper and Marshall (1978) and measured by the Occupational Stress Indicator (OSI) (Cooper et al. 1988), and a total stress score

William J. R. Anderson; Cary L. Cooper; Martin Willmott

1996-01-01

381

A Survey of 63 Australian Occupational Therapists Working in Youth Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to describe the demographic and employment characteristics of Australian occupational therapists working in youth mental health and explore the relationship between these characteristics and the occupational therapist's role. Sixty-three occupational therapists completed a postal survey during 2006–2007. Numerical data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and qualitative data were analyzed using thematic analysis. The majority

Laura Hardaker; Elizabeth Halcomb; Rhonda Griffiths; Natalie Bolzan; Karen Arblaster

2011-01-01

382

Occupational Choice, Career Plans, Work-Values and Work Orientations of Nursing Students.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study examines the occupational choice, career plans, work values, and work orientations of 632 nursing students enrolled in ten nursing schools in Maine. Data collected in 1969 indicated that: Most respondents made the decision to enter nursing at an...

B. S. Bolaria S. B. Williams

1970-01-01

383

The Relationship between Occupational Engagement and Well-Being from the Perspective of University Students with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

While occupational scientists have studied the relationship between occupation and well-being, few studies have examined these constructs from the perspective of university (tertiary) students with disabilities. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of occupational engagement and well-being from the perspective of university students with disabilities. The study employed a basic interpretive qualitative design. Researchers recruited 10

Beth Ekelman; Susan Bazyk; John Bazyk

2012-01-01

384

Atomic absorption spectrometry in occupational and environmental health practice. Volume I: Analytical aspects and health significance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book reviews the occupation and environmental health significance of 34 trace elements. It includes information on AAS research methodology such as sample preparation, interferences, optimization, calibration and quality control. Workers in analytical chemistry, toxicology, medicine, biology and forensic and environmental sciences will find this to be a valuable research tool. This book is supplemented with more than 200 tables

Tsalev

1984-01-01

385

Public health care providers and market competition: the case of Finnish occupational health services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  As reforms in publicly funded health systems rely heavily on competition, it is important to know if and how public providers\\u000a react to competition. In many European countries, it is empirically difficult to study public providers in different markets,\\u000a but in Finnish occupational health services, both public and private for-profit and non-profit providers co-exist. We studied\\u000a possible differences in public

Eila Kankaanpää; Ismo Linnosmaa; Hannu Valtonen

2011-01-01

386

Successful business process design. Business plan development for the occupational health services unit.  

PubMed

1. The occupational health nurse is often mandated by management to validate health services offered and programs developed for employees as valuable to the business and company mission. 2. The business plan of the occupational health service is a working document, changing as needs of the client/customer and internal and external business and socio-economic environment evolve. 3. Alignment with and support of the company mission, goals, and objectives is another method of proving good occupational health is good business. 4. Business planning is a basic business tool the wise and prudent occupational health nurse can use in proving good occupational health is vital to the success of a company. PMID:9146105

Kalina, C M; Fitko, J

1997-02-01

387

An occupational health approach to anaesthetic air pollution.  

PubMed

The principles of occupational health practice as applicable to operating theatre staff are stated. Operating theatre air was samples for halothane at three Sydney hospitals--one in which a scavenging system was in operation and two without such a system. A method giving time-weighted average concentrations over the period of sampling was used. Anaesthetic techniques varied for adults and children. The scavenging system was found to be highly efficient. Less than 0.1 ppm of halothane was found in the air of one theatre in which a flow rate of 4 litres per minute with 0.5% halothane and controlled ventilation were being used for routine anaesthetics in adults. In another theatre in which paediatric surgery was being performed, the anaesthetic technique utilized a flow rate of 6 litres per minute with 0.5% halothane and a T-piece, and the air was found to contain 0.8 ppm of halothane. Concentrations of up to 8 ppm were found in unscavenged theatres. Other possible occupational hazards of the environment, such as exposure to X-rays, viral infection and aerosol sprays, are mentioned. These may be significant. PMID:933919

Hunter, L

1976-04-01

388

Relationships between satisfaction with occupational factors and health-related variables in schizophrenia outpatients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The purpose of this study was to explore relationships between satisfaction with occupational factors, operationalized as\\u000a occupational status and the total daily occupational situation, and health-related variables among people with schizophrenia.\\u000a The health-related variables included quality of life, perceived control, sense of coherence, and psychopathology. Gender\\u000a differences in these relationships were explored as well. Methods: A sample of 74

M. Eklund; L. Hansson; U. Bejerholm

2001-01-01

389

The effect of public controversy on occupational health problems: byssinosis.  

PubMed Central

The effect of the byssinosis controversy on surveillance programs in the cotton textile industry is reviewed. The federally regulated format for industry medical surveillance guarantees neither automatic reduction of cotton dust exposure for high-risk workers nor wage rate retention for workers who are transferred to less dusty job sites. The absence of universal guidelines for worker management, combined with doubt over the severity and prevalence of byssinosis, encourages employers to evaluate medical surveillance programs primarily on the basis of their economic impact. When employers use the programs to control their losses, the potential costs of worker participation are increased. Comparisons with medical surveillance programs in the coal industry suggest that health benefits to workers can be guaranteed in the context of disputes over occupational diseases if industry, labor, and government agencies all participate in program design and operation.

Bronstein, J M

1984-01-01

390

Occupational hazards to health care workers: Diverse, ill-defined, and not fully appreciated  

SciTech Connect

Health care workers are challenged by an imposing group of occupational hazards. These hazards include exposure to ionizing radiation, stress, injury, infectious agents, and chemicals. The magnitude and diversity of these hazards are not fully appreciated. The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome epidemic has created additional occupational hazards and has focused attention on the problem of occupational hazards to health care workers. Concern over the nosocomial transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus has contributed to efforts to implement universal infection control precautions and to decrease needlestick injuries. Health care organizations and providers, who have prompted health and safety campaigns for the general public, should not overlook the dangers associated with the health care setting.

Moore, R.M. Jr.; Kaczmarek, R.G. (Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, MD (USA))

1990-10-01

391

Occupational Health Nurse and Employee Mental Health: A Programmed, Self-Instructional Course. Volume 1, Units 1-4.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This self instructional course was designed to explore areas of employee mental health for occupational nurses. Volume I covered mental health concepts, human behavior, the employee and his environment, and the basic categories of mental disorders. Topics...

1973-01-01

392

Relationships between Occupational Factors and Health and Well being in Individuals with Persistent Mental Illness Living in the Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational science and occupational therapy presuppose a relationship between occupation and health, but far from all empirical studies have been able to show this. The reason for inconsistent findings could be that the relationship is contingent on the facet of occupation studied, and also on whether subjective or interviewer-rated aspects of health and functioning are investigated.

Mona Eklund; Christel Leufstadius

2007-01-01

393

Study of the Integration of Military Personnel into the Fort Gordon Occupational Health Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives of the Army Occupational Health Program at Fort Gordon are: Insure all eligible personnel are physically, mentally and psychologically suited to their work at the time of assignment, and that physical and mental health are maintained during...

J. E. Voss

1980-01-01

394

New approach for assuring acceptable levels of protection from occupational safety and health hazards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The approach to environmental, safety and health program management is briefly described. Its relevance to the conflict over approaches to the national management of occupational safety and health that exists today is discussed.

Trauth, C. A. J.; Sorenson, J. B.

395

NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) Program Plan by Program Areas - FY 1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health is the major federal organization responsible for scientific research on the safety and health problems caused by work. Through the scientific activities of the Institute, it hopes to exercise a ro...

1983-01-01

396

Occupational Safety and Health: Improvement Needed in OSHA's Monitoring of Federal Agencies' Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We examined the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) monitoring of federal agencies' (1) safety and health programs and (2) implementation of the Hazard Communication Standard. This report reflects our additional work and provides upda...

1992-01-01

397

77 FR 40622 - Mine Safety and Health Research Advisory Committee, National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...priorities in mine safety and health research, including grants and contracts for such research...controls, reducing coal dust exposures, reducing...culture, occupational health and safety management systems, preventing coal dust explosions,...

2012-07-10

398

New Occupations Demonstration. Conducted with Gouverneur Health Services Program of Beth Israel Hospital.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The New Health Occupations Program is being conducted by Mobilization For Youth in cooperation with Gouverneur Health Services Program of Beth Israel Medical Center under joint funding by the Office of Evaluations and Research and the Office of Economic O...

A. S. Vogel

1967-01-01

399

Occupational Safety and Health Program Guidelines for Colleges and Universities. An Administrative Resource Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as an aid for establishing and strengthening occupational safety and health programs on college and university campuses, this administrator guide is divided into four chapters. The first chapter defines and gives background information on the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA). In addition, it presents a discussion of what the OSHA…

Godbey, Frank W.; Hatch, Loren L.

400

Occupational health nursing research. An overview from January 1990 to December 1999.  

PubMed

Occupational health nursing research contributes to the scientific knowledge base, shapes practice guidelines, lends credibility to the profession, and ultimately benefits worker health and work settings. This descriptive study reviewed occupational health nursing research published from January 1990 through December 1999 in the AAOHN Journal. A single investigator reviewed all articles published during the 10 year period to determine if they qualified for inclusion by applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria. During the 10 year period, a total of 577 articles were published in the AAOHN Journal (the official journal of the American Association for Occupational Health Nurses) with 146 (25.3%) considered to be reports of research. Cumulatively, 261 RNs were authors of the research articles. Of the 146 research articles, 88% addressed the National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) priorities, 60% addressed the 1989 AAOHN priorities, and 65% addressed the 2000 AAOHN priorities. Occupational health nursing research is performed primarily by graduate and postgraduate level nurses working either alone or with nurse co-investigators. The occupational health nursing research articles addressed NORA priorities often. However, the outcomes focused priorities of AAOHN were addressed less often. Much has been accomplished in the field of occupational health nursing research and more remains to be performed to ensure a strong research base for occupational health nursing practice. PMID:12141094

Smith, Pegeen S; Lusk, Sally L

2002-07-01

401

AN OCCUPATIONAL INJURY MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS HEALTH SCIENCE CENTER AT HOUSTON  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research and development project was to develop a method, a design, and a prototype for gathering, managing, and presenting data about occupational injuries.^ State-of-the-art systems analysis and design methodologies were applied to the long standing problem in the field of occupational safety and health of processing workplace injuries data into information for safety and health program

WILLIAM EDWARD WILKINSON

1982-01-01

402

Towards occupational health and safety systems in the construction industry of China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational health and safety (OHS) in the construction industry are of grave concern around the world. Some construction firms have implemented their own safety management systems attempting to improve construction safety; however, the implementation of a new international standard: Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series (OHSAS) 18001 is not commonly adopted in the industry. This paper examines the implementation of

S. X. Zeng; Vivian W. Y. Tam; C. M. Tam

2008-01-01

403

How to select publications on occupational health: the usefulness of Medline and the impact factor  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVESPublications in the field of occupational health appear in various journals, including those of other medical specialties. This complicates the follow up of literature for specialists in this field. On the basis of Medline and the impact factor, this diversity was assessed, and a cost effective method for selecting the most pertinent journals in the practice of occupational health was

J F Gehanno; B. Thirion

2000-01-01

404

Pollution Prevention—Occupational Safety and Health in Hospitals: Alternatives and Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

An integrated pollution prevention (P) and occupational safety and health (OSH) worksite intervention and alternatives assessment strategy was developed in hospitals. It was called the Pollution Prevention-Occupational Safety and Health (POSH) assessment for the “Sustainable Hospitals Project.” Methods included (a) developing a participatory intervention model for introducing more environmentally sound, healthy, and safe materials and work practices for specific hospital

Margaret M. Quinn; Thomas P. Fuller; Anila Bello; Catherine J. Galligan

2006-01-01

405

Neurophysiology of Acute Mobile Phone Exposure and its Relevance to Occupational Health & Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whether such effects are relevant to occupational health however, remains to be evaluated. The purpose of the present presentation is to provide a summary of human neurophysiology research, and to interpret this in relation to occupational health and safety issues. To this end, research assessing potential effects of mobile phones on human neurophysiology are summarised. These include those pertaining to

Croft RJ

406

78 FR 21977 - Maritime Advisory Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (MACOSH)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...under the Occupational Safety and Health Act (the OSH Act) of 1970 (29 U.S.C. 655, 656). Authority to establish this Committee...and 7(b) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (29 U.S.C. 655(b)(1), 656(b)), the...

2013-04-12

407

Task Listing for Introduction to Health Occupations. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task listing is designed to be used in combination with the "Health Occupations Education Service Area Resource" in order to implement competency-based education in health occupations programs in Virginia. The task listing contains four major sections: (1) content/concept areas; (2) program and course description; (3) content outline; and (4)…

Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

408

Five years of mental health research in the American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2009-2013.  

PubMed

In the past 5 years, the number of research articles on occupational therapy in mental health published in the American Journal of Occupational Therapy has steadily declined. This article identifies the strengths and limitations of this body of research and provides directions for practitioners and researchers to enhance the profession's role as a valued mental health service provider. PMID:24367966

Gutman, Sharon A; Raphael-Greenfield, Emily I

2014-01-01

409

Behavioral and Nonbehavioral Risk Factors for Occupational Injuries and Health Problems Among Belgian Farmers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preventive interventions to reduce occupational injuries and diseases among farmers require an appraisal of the relative importance of the various risk factors. This paper describes the results of a cross-sectional study investigating determinants of occupational health and injuries among 510 Belgian farmers, looking at health-related behaviors (machinery use, animal handling, fall prevention, and pesticide use), as well as nonbehavioral risk

Stephan Van den Broucke; Ariane Colémont

2011-01-01

410

Predicting the Organizational Commitment of Marketing Education and Health Occupations Education Teachers by Work Related Rewards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responses from 282 of 580 marketing and 193 of 348 health occupations teachers showed that the intrinsic rewards of significance and involvement predicted commitment for both groups. Marketing educators valued extrinsic factors of supervision, promotion, and coworkers, whereas health occupations teachers chose working conditions as the most…

Richards, Beverly; And Others

1994-01-01

411

Directory of Health Occupations Education Programs in Florida: 1974-75.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1974-75 Directory of Health Occupations Education Programs in Florida provides a comprehensive listing of programs including administrators and instructors in the secondary schools, area vocational-technical centers, technical institutes, and community colleges. District schools offering programs in health occupations education are listed on…

Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee. Div. of Vocational, Technical and Adult Education.

412

Student Debt and Its Relation to Student Mental Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present paper provides an analysis of the relationship between attitudes toward debt and mental health among university undergraduates. Data were collected from the same cohort of students across their three years of university, with responses from 2146, 1360 and 1391 first, second and third year students, respectively. Mental health was…

Cooke, Richard; Barkham, Michael; Audin, Kerry; Bradley, Margaret; Davy, John

2004-01-01

413

Integrating health literacy into occupational therapy: findings from a scoping review  

PubMed Central

This paper aims to report ways of integrating health literacy into occupational therapy practice. Health literacy is defined as the ability to access, understand, evaluate and communicate information as a way to promote, maintain and improve health in various settings over the life-course. A scoping study of the scientific and grey literature on health and, specifically, occupational therapy and health promotion was done from 1980 to May 2010. Five databases were searched by combining key words 1) “health literacy” with 2) “rehabilitation”, “occupational therapy” or “health promotion”. Data were extracted from 44 documents: five textbooks, nine reports and 29 articles. The literature on health literacy needs enhancing in both quantity and quality. Nevertheless, six ways of integrating health literacy into occupational therapy practice were identified (frequency; %): occupational therapists should 1) be informed about and recognize health literacy (27; 61.4), 2) standardize their practice (10; 22.7), 3) make information accessible (37; 84.1), 4) interact optimally with clients (26; 59.1), and 5) intervene (29; 65.9) and 6) collaborate to increase health literacy (21; 47.7). Since health literacy can directly impact intervention efficacy, further studies are needed on how to integrate health literacy into occupational therapy practice.

Levasseur, M; Carrier, A

2012-01-01

414

A survey of occupational health hazards among 7,610 female workers in China's electronics industry.  

PubMed

To investigate the occupational hazards among Chinese female workers in the electronics industry, the authors systematically sampled a total of 8,300 female workers at random across 4 provinces in a variety of electronics factories. A detailed questionnaire was used to collect information on occupational hazards and the occurrence of occupation-related diseases. The results show that 4,283 female workers (51.9%) were exposed to 1 or more occupational hazards. The most common chemical hazard was organic solvent, and the second most common was heavy metals. The ergonomic hazards included repetitive movements, poor standing posture, and the lifting of heavy goods. More than 60% of the female workers self-reported occupation-related diseases. These results showed that occupational health hazards were common in the electronics industry in China and that they caused serious occupation-related health problems for the female workers therein. PMID:23697691

Yu, Wenlan; Lao, Xiang Qian; Pang, Shulan; Zhou, Jianjiao; Zhou, Anshou; Zou, Jianfang; Mei, Liangying; Yu, Ignatius Tak-sun

2013-01-01

415

Occupational Health Research in Developing Countries: A Partner for Social Justice  

PubMed Central

Occupational health remains neglected in developing countries because of competing social, economic, and political challenges. Occupational health research in developing countries should recognize the social and political context of work relations, especially the fact that the majority of developing countries lack the political mechanisms to translate scientific findings into effective policies. Researchers in the developing world can achieve tangible progress in promoting occupational health only if they end their professional isolation and examine occupational health in the broader context of social justice and national development in alliance with researchers from other disciplines. An occupational health research paradigm in developing countries should focus less on the workplace and more on the worker in his or her social context.

Nuwayhid, Iman A.

2004-01-01

416

Stakeholder perspectives on managing the occupational health of UK business drivers: a qualitative approach.  

PubMed

Musculoskeletal disorders are one of the leading causes of work related ill health and sickness absence. Those who drive as part of their job may be at particular risk, with evidence suggesting that prolonged exposure to driving is associated with increased absence from work due to low back pain. Business drivers often work away from a traditional office environment. Such mobile working may pose greater risks to occupational health due to increased ergonomic risks, for example working from the car, longer working hours and a lack of concern amongst drivers about health and safety. It has been suggested that occupational health practices have not adapted to meet the needs of peripatetic workers. The current study explored how occupational health services are delivered to business drivers. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with a sample of 31 stakeholders in 4 organisations. Respondents included, health and safety professionals, occupational health nurses, fleet managers and high mileage business drivers. The interviews were transcribed and analysed using 'Template Analysis'. The data revealed that, within these organisations, the provision of occupational health services was often fragmented and drivers and other key stakeholders were often unaware of the existing systems within their organisations. The peripatetic nature of business drivers meant that they were difficult for occupational health teams to reach. The paper concludes by presenting recommendations for occupational health professionals and researchers engaged with improving the health of peripatetic workers, namely that occupational health policies should be integrated in company strategy and widely disseminated to drivers and those with responsibility for managing their occupational health provision. PMID:20883980

Sang, Katherine J C; Gyi, Diane E; Haslam, Cheryl O

2011-03-01

417

Socioeconomic Disparities In Health: Pathways And Policies Inequality in education, income, and occupation exacerbates the gaps between the health \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Socioeconomic status (SES) underlies three major determinants of health: health care, environmental exposure, and health behavior. In addition, chronic stress associated with lower SES may also increase morbidity and mortality. ReducingSES disparities in health will require policy initiatives ad- dressingthe components of socioeconomic status (income, education, and occupation) as well as the pathways by which these affect health. Lessons for

Nancy E. Adler; Katherine Newman

418

Impact of Occupational Socialization on the Perspectives and Practices of Sport Pedagogy Doctoral Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of occupational socialization on the perspectives and practices of sport pedagogy doctoral students in terms of physical education (PE) teaching and physical education teacher education (PETE). Participants were 12 students. Data were collected through formal and informal interviews,…

Lee, Hong-Min; Curtner-Smith, Matthew D.

2011-01-01

419

Tutor Training for Occupational Students with Learning Disabilities. PY95 Final Detailed Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project conducted at Tyler Junior College (Texas) developed a video and a handbook to train tutors and assist instructors to: employ learning strategies developed specifically for occupational students with learning disabilities and/or attention deficit disorder (ADD); build affective skills on their advisory tutors/students; and strengthen the…

Tyler Junior Coll., TX.

420

Occupational Aspirations of University Students of Agriculture in Edo State, Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the occupational aspirations of university students of agriculture in Edo State, with particular reference to agriculture-related careers. Factors affecting the university students’ willingness to pursue an agricultural career were also determined. Data from 247 respondents randomly sampled from three universities were subjected to frequency distribution and logistic regression analysis. Results revealed that 70.9% of the respondents were

M. I. Ilenloh; E. A. Onemolease; A. P. Erie

2012-01-01

421

The Disadvantaged Student, Goal Blockage, and the Occupational Aspirations of Southern Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper served as a report on research in progress that attempted to evaluate the effects of group disparity on the occupational choice of southern high school students. It focused specifically on the aspiration choices of 8,802 tenth grade students in 4 southern states: Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, and South Carolina. The relative effects of…

Cosby, Arthur

422

The Flexible Learning Needs and Preferences of Regional Occupational Therapy Students In Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to explore the flexible learning needs and preferences of occupational therapy students from a regional Australian university. Participants ("n"?=?170) were surveyed using a quantitative survey tool. Findings were analysed using SPSS to determine significant differences between variable attributes of the student cohort. The survey…

Zeldenryk, Lynne; Bradey, Scott

2013-01-01

423

Competency Exams for Electronics/Instrumentation Occupations. Student and Instructor Manuals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 20 competency-based examinations with student and instructor manuals for electronics and instrumentation occupations. For each of the examinations, the student manual contains the following: the competency, the performance objective, directions, the materials and equipment needed, a space to note time started and time…

Matson, James; Stokes, Tad

424

Enabling Meaningful Learning through Web-Based Instruction with Occupational Therapy Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the design of a Web-based tutorial for Activity Analysis offered within an undergraduate course of occupational therapy and how its design features influenced meaningful learning from the students' perspective. This tutorial, using a case-based format, offers a learner-directed approach to students and the application of…

Perlman, Cynthia; Weston, Cynthia; Gisel, Erika

2010-01-01

425

Action Learning: Facilitating Real Change for Part-Time Occupational Therapy Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the use of action learning with first-year part-time occupational therapy students. The aims were: (1) to identify the issues raised by students relating to their needs on the course and any changes they made; (2) to explore the influence of action learning in facilitating change. It was also hoped that through action learning…

Walsh, Susan; Fegan, Colette

2007-01-01

426

Competency Exams for Drafting-Related Occupations. Student and Instructor Manuals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 20 competency-based examinations with student and instructor manuals for drafting-related occupations. For each of the examinations, the student manual contains the following: the competency, the performance objective, directions, the facility to be used, the materials needed, a space to note time started and time finished,…

Davis, Harley; Denison, John

427

Competency Exams for Food Production-Related Occupations. Student and Instructor Manuals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 20 competency-based examinations with student and instructor manuals for food production-related occupations. For each of the examinations, the student manual contains the following: the competency, the performance objective, directions, the materials and equipment needed, a space to note time started and time finished, and…

Southworth, Julie; Kammerer, William R.

428

Simmons Insurance Agency. A Clerk-Typist Position Simulation. Student Packet V. Office Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the fifth of five student packets forming part of a position simulation developed for use in an office occupations laboratory at the postsecondary level. The purpose of the simulation is to give the student an opportunity to become familiar with the tasks and duties performed by a clerk-typist working for an independent insurance agency.…

Georgia State Univ., Atlanta.

429

Changing Land Use: Peachtree Street, Atlanta. A Case Study in Sequent Occupance [And] Student Work Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A social studies unit and student workbook explore the historical geography of the area of Peachtree Street in Atlanta, Georgia. The unit deals with sequent occupance, a type of historical geography in which students study the same area, the changes in culture, and the changing land use in the area during certain time periods. For each period,…

Laws, Kevin

430

Competency Exams for Computer Science Microcomputing-Related Occupations. Student and Instructor Manuals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 20 competency-based examinations with student and instructor manuals for computer science microcomputer-related occupations. For each of the examinations, the student manual contains the following: the competency, the performance objective, directions, the facility to be used, the materials and equipment needed, a space to…

King, Maribeth L.; Huse, Vanessa E.

431

Occupational safety and health: progress toward the 1990 objectives for the nation.  

PubMed Central

Occupational safety and health is 1 of 15 areas addressed in the Public Health Service's Objectives for the Nation. This area represents 104 million working men and women and the deaths, diseases, and injuries that result from exposures to hazards in their work environment. Characteristics of public health practice are compared with characteristics of occupational safety and health practice. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), created by the Occupational Safety and Health Act, is discussed. NIOSH has developed a list of 10 leading work-related diseases and injuries. The list is headed by occupational lung diseases. Twenty Objectives for the Nation in the area of occupational safety and health are reviewed, and the status of NIOSH efforts toward their attainment is discussed. Five categories of objectives are covered: (a) improved health status, (b) reduced risk factors, (c) improved public and professional awareness, (d) improved service and protection, and (e) improved surveillance and evaluation. The potential for achieving these objectives is discussed, with special attention given to the lack of a data base for monitoring progress. A major conclusion is that surveillance in occupational safety and health needs to be strengthened.

Millar, J D; Myers, M L

1983-01-01

432

Health and occupational correlates of perceived occupational stress in symphony orchestra musicians.  

PubMed

The authors examined the relationship between perceived occupational stress and the prevalence of a number of psychologic and physical ailments in a sample of professional symphony orchestra musicians and related musicians' self-reports of stress to demographic and occupational characteristics. Results of a survey of 2,212 musicians from 47 symphony orchestras revealed a significant relationship between perceived occupational stress and prevalence of a number of psychologic as well as physical medical problems. Age and occupational factors, such as the orchestra in which the musician plays, the instrument played, and status as a soloist, were also found to be significant correlates of perceived stress. PMID:3183784

Middlestadt, S E; Fishbein, M

1988-09-01

433

Mainland Chinese students' concept of health.  

PubMed

This investigation, which was part of a larger project, was to describe and explain the concept of health as perceived by Chinese students. Data were collected through a questionnaire from students from two primary schools, two high schools and two universities (N=946) in Shanghai, China. The results showed that Chinese students not only considered themselves healthy but also viewed adolescents as the healthiest people in comparison with children, the middle and the old-aged. Their health concept consisted of components relating to physical, psychological, and social/moral dimensions. There were more boys than girls who considered mental health to be part of general health and a tendency for boys to perceive health status as poorer along with the increase in age. The categories of the concept of health and students' views on how to enhance health status are presented. PMID:15624784

Wang, W

2004-01-01

434

Occupational therapy: cost-effective solutions for changing health system needs.  

PubMed

Evidence shows occupational therapy interventions are cost-effective in treating or preventing injury and improving health outcomes in areas such as falls prevention, musculoskeletal injury, stroke rehabilitation, early intervention in developmental disabilities, respiratory rehabilitation and home care. Additional research indicates opportunities for occupational therapy to play an increased role in the management of health outcomes in complex and chronic diseases, pain management, non-pharmaceutical mental health interventions, dementia, end-of-life or palliative care and home care. This article aligns the discussion of health system transformation with literature identifying the cost-effectiveness of occupational therapy in Canada. PMID:24863311

Rexe, Kate; Lammi, Brenda McGibbon; Zweck, Claudia von

2013-01-01

435

Managing occupational risk in creative practice: a new perspective for occupational health and safety.  

PubMed

There has been little recognition of the fact that creative production operates in a somewhat different environment and timeframe to that associated with traditional industries. This has resulted in the application of an orthodox, generic or ``one size fits all'' framework of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) systems across all industries. With the rapid growth of ``creative industry,'' certain challenges arise from the application of this "generic" strategy, mainly because the systems currently employed may not be entirely suitable for creative practice. Some OHS practitioners suggest that the current OHS paradigm is failing. This paper questions the appropriateness of applying a twentieth century OHS model in the present industrial context, and considers what framework will best provide for the well-being of creative workers and their enterprise in the twenty-first century. The paper questions the notion of "Risk" and the paradox associated with "Risk Management," particularly in the context of the creative process. Clearly, risk taking contributes to creative enterprise and effective risk management should accommodate both risk minimization and risk exploitation. PMID:23298424

Oughton, Nicholas

2013-01-01

436

Exploring the use of death certificates as a component of an occupational health surveillance system.  

PubMed Central

An effort has been made to explore a case-finding surveillance system for occupationally-related disease using death records. A sentinel health event, here lung cancer in young males, was selected to seek unusual associations with occupations as listed on the death records. Fishermen appeared to be over-represented and population studies cited suggest lung cancer in this occupation deserves further exploration. Further efforts of this type could test the usefulness of an occupational health surveillance system based on the death certificate.

Frazier, T M; Wegman, D H

1979-01-01

437

Occupational Competency Profile for Health Occupations Education Program: Teacher Self-Assessment. Information Series: Report No. 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This assessment instrument is intended to assist teachers in evaluating the relevance of the competencies included in the health occupations education curriculum they are teaching and in assessing their own continuing education needs. The profile lists the competencies required of persons working at the following sites: hospital departments…

Walters, Norma J.

438

Mental health literacy among university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the mental health literacy of students. This study is part of the growing interest in mental health literacy among young people. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Over 400 university students indicated their knowledge of over 90 psychiatric illnesses labels derived from DSM:IV. They rated disorders on six questions concerning whether they had heard

Adrian Furnham; Richard Cook; Neil Martin; Mark Batey

2011-01-01

439

Finnish occupational health nurses' view of work-related stress: a cross-sectional study.  

PubMed

Occupational stress at work has been increasingly recognized as a major risk factor for chronic disease and poor quality of work life among employees. The purpose of this study was to examine how occupational health nurses in Finland manage work-related stress. A descriptive cross-sectional study design was used with a sample of 354 Finnish occupational nurses who responded to the survey. No specific standardized tools to assess or handle work-related stress in occupational health services or their client companies were identified. Open-ended interviews together with burnout questionnaires were the most frequently used methods to assess the stress of employees. Interventions were directed at individual employees. A need for standardized stress assessment instruments and stress management by work organizations was found. Methods to cope with work-related stress should be developed by the occupational health team and companies' health resources departments to ensure the adoption of common protocols. PMID:24811696

Kinnunen-Amoroso, Maritta; Liira, Juha

2014-03-01

440

Students' mental health problems: a critical inquiry.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to examine the subjective and environmental factors underlying students categorized as "single reports" reporting to the Academic Mental Health Consulting (MHC) units in Poland. An attempt was made to verify a common assumption that so called low-achieving students use the health care system to find legitimate excuses for their academic and personal failures. Obtaining a doctor's certificate explaining their health status provides people with many "privileges". This study revealed a discrepancy between the "official" description of 1740 student files and their subjective reasons for contacting the MHC obtained through a questionnaire. The study further revealed a lack of student follow up as recommended by the MHC. The study findings seem to confirm the assumed misuse of the health care system by underachieving students. A recommendation was made as how we can reduce this misuse of students services. PMID:1775798

P?otka, A

1991-01-01

441

Evaluation of a Student Health Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the reaction of 53 medical students to their work experience in 3 poverty areas of California during the summer of 1967. They and 50 students from other professional schools were placed by The Student Health Organization in dental, community, and Planned Parenthood clinics, county hospitals, school districts, and Head Start programs. (WM)

Johnson, Patricia C.; and others

1969-01-01

442

Research and Reflection: Potential Impact on the Professional Development of Undergraduate Occupational Therapy Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In occupational therapy education in South Africa, community service (CS) focuses learning opportunities during fieldwork\\u000a placements. CS therefore enabled the researcher to utilise successive small scale research projects to guide learning of students\\u000a during fieldwork while simultaneously developing the occupational therapy service at a residential care facility. This community\\u000a setting provided a powerful environment through which research, in combination with

Sanet H. J. Du Toit; Annette C. Wilkinson

2010-01-01

443

Organizational stressors and health. How occupational health nurses can help break the cycle.  

PubMed

1. Many organizations now suffer from a "toxic cycle of harm" in which organizational stressors manifest themselves as deteriorating employee health, productivity losses and escalating costs to the businesses. 2. Although by no means the only source of stress in people's lives, organizational stressors are identified as significant root causes of organizational health and wellness problems. 3. Measurement is key. Data are required for all the elements of the organizational stressors and health cycle to understand and identify how to solve health and business performance problems. 4. The issues of organizational stressors and health are complex and require both leadership commitment and a multidisciplinary approach. Occupational effectiveness consultants and senior management must work together to effect improvement. PMID:12033088

Dyck, Dianne; Roithmayr, Tony

2002-05-01

444

Community College Access and Affordability for Occupational and Nontraditional Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine what types of initiatives exist to increase access to and affordability of postsecondary education, especially in community college programs that lead to occupational advancement. We reviewed community college agency and state legislative Web sites to discover what initiatives or policies are currently…

Castellano, Marisa; Overman, Laura T.

2009-01-01

445

Coordinated Inservice Activities for Health Occupations Teachers in Central Pennsylvania. Final Report. Health Occupations, Monograph Number 6. Vocational-Industrial Education Research Report. Volume 15, Number 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains a twenty-one page narrative of a project which provided inservice education to health occupations teachers in Central Pennsylvania through four summer workshops as well as the workshop materials. The narrative describes the workshops, which focused on dental assisting activities for health assistant teachers, improvement of…

Hole, F. Marvin

446

Health Manpower Source Book. Manpower Supply and Educational Statistics for Selected Health Occupations: 1968. Public Health Service Publication Number 263, Section 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is a compilation of statistics on supply and education of health manpower in medicine and osteopathy, dentistry, optometry, pharmacy, podiatry, veterinary medicine, nursing, public health, and eight selected allied health occupations. The material is organized by occupations and the following information is presented for each…

National Institutes of Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD. Bureau of Health Professions Education and Manpower Training.

447

Activities of occupational physicians for occupational health services in small-scale enterprises in Japan and in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  Occupational health service (OHS) for small-scale enterprises (SSEs) is still limited in many countries. Both Japan and the\\u000a Netherlands have universal OHS systems for all employees. The objective of this survey was to examine the activities of occupational\\u000a physicians (OPs) in the two countries for SSEs and to investigate their proposals for the improvement of service.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Questionnaires on types and

Jiro Moriguchi; Masayuki Ikeda; Sonoko Sakuragi; Kazuo Takeda; Toshiaki Higashi; André N. H. Weel; Frank J. van Dijk

2010-01-01

448

Prototype Input and Output Data Elements for the Occupational Health and Safety Information System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration plans to implement a NASA-wide computerized information system for occupational health and safety. The system is necessary to administer the occupational health and safety programs and to meet the legal and regulatory reporting, recordkeeping, and surveillance requirements. Some of the potential data elements that NASA will require as input and output for the new occupational health and safety information system are illustrated. The data elements are shown on sample forms that have been compiled from various sources, including NASA Centers and industry.

Whyte, A. A.

1980-01-01

449

Ergonomics and occupational safety and health: an ILO perspective.  

PubMed

The ILO has a mandate to protect workers against sickness, diseases and injuries due to workplace hazards and risks including ergonomic and work organization risk factors. One of the main functions for the ILO is to develop international standards related to labour and work. ILO standards have exerted considerable influence on the laws and regulations of member States. The ILO standards take the form of international Conventions and Recommendations. ILO Conventions and Recommendations relevant to protection of workers against ergonomic risk factors at the workplace include Convention No. 127 and Recommendation No.128 which specify the international requirements concerning the manual transport of a load. To help member States in applying the ILO standards, the ILO produces practical guides and training manuals on ergonomics at work and collects and analyses national practices and laws on ergonomics at the workplace. The ILO also conducts technical cooperation activities in many countries on ergonomics to support and strengthen the capacities of its tripartite constituents in dealing with workplace ergonomic and work organization risks. The ILO's technical cooperation activities give priorities on the promotion of voluntary, participatory and action-oriented actions to improve working conditions and work organizations of the small and medium sized enterprises. This paper reviews ILO's policies and activities on ergonomics in relation to occupational safety and health and prescribes ILO's considerations for its future work on ergonomics. PMID:20347066

Niu, Shengli

2010-10-01

450

Student Health Services at Orchard Ridge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a synoptic review of student health services at the community college level while giving a more detailed description of the nature of health services at Orchard Ridge, a campus of Oakland Community College. The present College Health Service program provides for a part-time (24 hrs./wk.) nurse at Orchard Ridge. A variety of…

Nichols, Don D.

451

Occupational Health and Safety. Numeracy. Level 1. Level 2. Level 3. Support Materials for Agricultural Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains the three numeracy units of the three levels of Support Materials for Agricultural Training (SMAT) in the area of occupational health and safety: Level 1 (starting), 2 (continuing), and 3 (completing). The units are designed to help the learner improve his or her numeracy skills needed to deal with occupational safety and…

Batman, Kangan; Tully, Chris

452

The Dupes of Hazard: Occupational Health and Safety and the Victorian Sanctions Debate  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper takes issue with those who are currently arguing in favor of recourse to charges of manslaughter in some cases of occupational fatality. Such a step, it is argued, would effec tively involve collusion with a protracted historical process which rendered occupational health and safety offences ambi guous with regard to their criminality. This historical process is summarised and

Kit Carson; Richard Johnstone

1990-01-01

453

Development of Occupational Wellbeing in the Finnish European Network of Health Promoting Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present the baseline results of a school development project where the aim was to improve school community staff's occupational wellbeing in co-operation with occupational health nurses. Design/methodology/approach: The Wellbeing at Your Work index form for school staff developed for the study aimed to…

Saaranen, Terhi; Tossavainen, Kerttu; Turunen, Hannele; Naumanen, Paula

2006-01-01

454

Effectiveness of Experiential and Verbal Occupational Therapy Groups in a Community Mental Health Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effectiveness of occupation-based verbal therapy and occupation-based experiential therapy in the facilitation of money management skills in consumers of community mental health services. It was hypothesized that participants would demonstrate overall improvement and that the experiential group would demonstrate more improvement than the verbal group. Results indicated that although overall performance did improve, no significant difference

Mary Beth Bickes; Shelley N. Deloache; Julie R. Dicer; Stephanie C. Miller

2001-01-01

455

A Model of Human Occupation Perspective on the Mental Health of Immigrant Women in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although immigrant women constitute a relatively large sector of Canadian society, the occupational therapy literature offers neither an analysis of their mental health needs nor any specific approach to addressing these. Because of this group's diversity on a number of dimensions, this paper focuses on non-English speaking, working-class immigrant women. The Model of Human Occupation is employed as a theoretical

Siew Wan Khoo; Rebecca M. Renwick

1989-01-01

456

An Analysis of Occupational Therapy Theoretical Approaches for Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational therapy's claim to be holistic, and its inclusion of four primary concepts in its definition and philosophical basc require that thc theoretical basis of any occupational therapy approach acknowledge a phenomenological dimension in the human being. Those four concepts arc: Self-actualization; intrinsic motivation; active participation; staisfaction of person and social requirements for productivity. An analysis of the major theoretical

Gerald W. Sharrott

1986-01-01

457

The Dearth of Mental Health Research in Occupational Therapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reasons for the lack of research in occupational therapy include small numbers of doctoral level occupational therapists, the psychobehavioral/biochemical dichotomy, the lack of a theoretical framework, the level of research instruction, the impact of a predominantly female profession, and the attitudes of institutions. (SK)

Gibson, Diane

1984-01-01

458

Establishing the value of occupational health nurses' contributions to worker health and safety: a pilot test of a user-friendly estimation tool.  

PubMed

Occupational health nurses use their knowledge and skills to improve the health and safety of the working population; however, companies increasingly face budget constraints and may eliminate health and safety programs. Occupational health nurses must be prepared to document their services and outcomes, and use quantitative tools to demonstrate their value to employers. The aim of this project was to create and pilot test a quantitative tool for occupational health nurses to track their activities and potential cost savings for on-site occupational health nursing services. Tool developments included a pilot test in which semi-structured interviews with occupational health and safety leaders were conducted to identify currents issues and products used for estimating the value of occupational health nursing services. The outcome was the creation of a tool that estimates the economic value of occupational health nursing services. The feasibility and potential value of this tool is described. PMID:24410823

Graeve, Catherine; McGovern, Patricia; Nachreiner, Nancy M; Ayers, Lynn

2014-01-01

459

National Library of Medicine Web Resources for Student Health Professionals  

SciTech Connect

Familiarize students affiliated with the Student National Medical Association with the National Library of Medicine's online resources that address medical conditions, health disparities, and public health preparedness needs.

Womble, R.

2010-04-02

460

Occupational stress and self-perceived oral health in Brazilian adults: a Pro-Saude study.  

PubMed

The scope of this study is to investigate the association between occupational stress and self-perception of oral health. Data were obtained through a self-administered questionnaire filled out in a Pró-Saúde Study by 3253 administrative technical staff from Rio de Janeiro's State University. Occupational stress was measured by means of a questionnaire elaborated in 1970 by Karasek, duly shortened by Thorell in 1988. Ordinal logistic regression was used for data analysis, subsequently adjusted for three blocks of variables. Workers exposed to high occupational demands and little occupational control and to passive work had higher chances of self-perception of worse oral health, when compared with those exposed to low occupational demands, there being no association observed in those exposed to active work. However, in the multiple regression model the following estimates were reduced in magnitude and lost statistical significance, namely high occupational demands and passive work. Workers exposed to high occupational demands revealed worse self-reported oral health, which seems to be partly explained by health behavior patterns, the presence of oral health problems and seeking dental services at longer intervals than once per year. PMID:23827911

Scalco, Giovana Pereira da Cunha; Abegg, Claides; Celeste, Roger Keller; Hökerberg, Yara Hahr Marques; Faerstein, Eduardo

2013-07-01

461

Concentrated swine feeding operations and public health: a review of occupational and community health effects.  

PubMed Central

Recent industry changes in swine-management practices have resulted in a growing controversy surrounding the environmental and public health effects of modern swine production. The numerous wastes produced by intensive swine production not only pose a significant challenge to effective environmental management but also are associated with decreased air quality in confinement houses, potentially transferable antimicrobial resistance patterns, and several infectious agents that can be pathogenic to humans. Published studies have documented a variety of contaminants, microbial agents, and health effects in those occupationally exposed to swine, and these have provided the groundwork for an increasing body of research to evaluate possible community health effects. Nonetheless, several factors limit our ability to define and quantify the potential role of intensive swine-rearing facilities in occupational and community health. Our incomplete understanding and ability to detect specific exposures; the complicated nature of disease etiology; pathogenesis; and surveillance; and the inherent difficulties associated with study design all contribute to the inadequate level of knowledge that currently prevails. However; an evaluation of the published literature; and a recognition of the elements that may be compromising these studies; provides the foundation from which future studies may develop.

Cole, D; Todd, L; Wing, S

2000-01-01

462

76 FR 25342 - Children's Health Protection Advisory Committee; Request for Nominations to the Children's Health...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...government, academia (including a graduate level student representative), NGOs, public health practitioners, pediatricians, obstetrics, occupational medicine, community nurses, environmental groups, health groups, health research, epidemiology and...

2011-05-04

463

The Roles of Occupational Knowledge and Vocational Self-Concept Crystallization in Students' School-to-Work Transition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined predictors of college students' school-to-work transition difficulty, level of occupational knowledge, and crystallization of vocational self-concept. Occupational knowledge predicted whether students received at least one job offer before graduation and the total number of offers. Self-concept crystallization predicted at least one…

Taylor, M. Susan

1985-01-01

464

Occupational Health Nurse and Employee Mental Health: A Programmed, Self-Instructional Course. Volume 2, Unit 5.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This self instructional course was designed to teach occupational nurses about employee mental health. This volume covered anxiety, neuroses, psychophysiological disorders, and alcoholism. Specific topics covered include anxiety and its effect on job perf...

1973-01-01

465

THE USE OF VISUAL AND CHEMOSENSORY EVOKED POTENTIALS IN ENVIRONMENTAL AND OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH  

EPA Science Inventory

The application of visual (VEP) and chemosensory evoked potentials (CSEP) in occupational and environmental health is briefly reviewed. EPs have been used extensively in experimental neurotoxicology and play an increasing role in human neurotoxicity testing. he similarity of VEP ...

466

Occupational Safety and Health Training Program at ETCs. Interim Status Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Preliminary studies reveal that serious deficiencies exist in occupational safety and health training programs within DOE's fossil fuel programs. The basic requirements of Executive Order 12196, 29 CFR 1960 (both earlier and current versions) and Chapter ...

A. F. Meyer M. Vaudreuil S. T. Wisniewski

1981-01-01

467

48 CFR 1371.113 - Department of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair. 1371.113 Section 1371.113 Federal...DEPARTMENT SUPPLEMENTAL REGULATIONS ACQUISITIONS INVOLVING SHIP CONSTRUCTION AND SHIP REPAIR Provisions and Clauses 1371.113...

2011-10-01

468

48 CFR 1371.113 - Department of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair. 1371.113 Section 1371.113 Federal...DEPARTMENT SUPPLEMENTAL REGULATIONS ACQUISITIONS INVOLVING SHIP CONSTRUCTION AND SHIP REPAIR Provisions and Clauses 1371.113...

2012-10-01

469

48 CFR 1371.113 - Department of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair. 1371.113 Section 1371.113 Federal...DEPARTMENT SUPPLEMENTAL REGULATIONS ACQUISITIONS INVOLVING SHIP CONSTRUCTION AND SHIP REPAIR Provisions and Clauses 1371.113...

2010-10-01

470

Metropolitan Police blues: protracted sickness absence, ill health retirement, and the occupational psychiatrist  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reflecting on his time as consultant occupational psychiatrist to the Metropolitan Police Service, Derek Summerfield finds that sickness absence on mental health grounds has roots both in organisational culture and in broader cultural trends across society

Derek Summerfield

2011-01-01

471

Mexican Laws and Regulations Governing Occupational Safety and Health. A Selection of Principal Documents.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The compilation of Mexican Laws, regulations, and standards dealing with occupation safety and health is the second in a series of publications being developed jointly by the United States and Mexico in connection with the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU...

1993-01-01

472

Occupational Health Implications of Video Display Terminals: A Bibliography, 1981-1985.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The bibliography contains citations from the scientific literature specific to the occupational health implications of video display terminal use. The topics covered included: legislative action taken to regulate the exposures of video terminal users to h...

A. J. Hurlebaus S. A. Posner B. L. Johnson

1991-01-01

473

48 CFR 1371.113 - Department of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair. 1371.113 Section 1371.113 Federal...DEPARTMENT SUPPLEMENTAL REGULATIONS ACQUISITIONS INVOLVING SHIP CONSTRUCTION AND SHIP REPAIR Provisions and Clauses 1371.113...

2013-10-01

474

42 CFR 57.205 - Health professions student loan funds.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...205 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF TEACHING FACILITIES, EDUCATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS, SCHOLARSHIPS AND STUDENT LOANS Health Professions Student Loans § 57.205...

2013-10-01

475

Oral-to-inhalation route extrapolation in occupational health risk assessment: a critical assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to a lack of route-specific toxicity data, the health risks resulting from occupational exposure are frequently assessed by route-to-route (RtR) extrapolation based on oral toxicity data. Insight into the conditions for and the uncertainties connected with the application of RtR extrapolation has not been clearly described in a systematic manner. In our opinion, for a reliable occupational health risk

Monique A. J Rennen; Tialda Bouwman; Annette Wilschut; Jos G. M Bessems; Cees De Heer

2004-01-01

476

Occupation-as-Means to Mental Health: A Review of the Literature, and a Call for Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A literature review uncovered a discrepancy between occupational therapy theory about occupations as a means to mental health and the research conducted in this area. The research gap may explain the lack of recognition for the value of occupational therapy in mental health. (SK)

Rebeiro, Karen L.

1998-01-01

477

National Occupational Health Research Priorities, Agenda and Strategy of Japan: Invited Report in NORA Symposium 2001, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

An invited report on national occupational health research priorities, agenda and strategy of Japan was delivered in the NORA (National Occupational Research Agenda) Symposium 2001, USA. The third NORA Symposium was held by the US National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) in Washington DC on June 27, 2001. The national conference in Japan entitled \\

Shunichi ARAKI; Masatomo TACHI

2003-01-01

478

National Health Occupations Education Curriculum Conference. Conference Proceedings (Des Moines, Iowa, October 8-10, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 16 speeches and small group presentations given at a conference that focused on the needs for health care in the future. The following papers are included: "Cost Containment" (Thomas D. Hatch); "Educational Issues for Tomorrow's Health Occupations--Advanced Technology" (Rex Montgomery); "Mental Health Curricula Content in…

Richards, Beverly, Ed.

479

Perceptions Among Occupational and Physical Therapy Students of a Nontraditional Methodology for Teaching Kaboratory Gross Anatomy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a pilot study designed to assess the perceptions of physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) students regarding the use of computer-assisted pedagogy and prosection-oriented communications in the gross anatomy lab. The goal was to evaluate if student perceptions changed through the use of these techniques. In addtion, the article focuses on the changes in learning as a result of the use of these methods.

2011-03-01

480

Evidence for occupational therapy interventions: a student educational assignment.  

PubMed

As an educational assignment, two classes of graduate students who had recently completed Level II fieldwork listed interventions they had either witnessed or implemented at their sites. Interventions were then randomly assigned to a different group of graduate students in an upper level research class. Searching the literature from the past 10 years, students located the literature providing evidence for the efficacy of these interventions and categorized them according to five hierarchical levels of effectiveness. Results across both classes indicated support at the two highest levels (I and II) for the following interventions: Constraint-Induced Treatment; Hippotherapy; Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation and Multisensory Handwriting Programs. Students indicated that this educational experience greatly helped to improve their understanding of research and emphasized the importance of researching the literature supporting interventions as they relate to current practice. PMID:23927651

Lederer, Jeffrey M

2005-01-01

481

Development of critical thinking in occupational therapy students.  

PubMed

Do students who use the Guided Reciprocal Peer Questioning (GRPQ) method increase their ability to think critically? When compared to students in a traditional senior seminar course, the results of this study indicated no significant difference between the groups regarding changes in scores on the California Critical Thinking Skills Test. However, the students in the experimental group asked more questions labelled as critical thinking than the seminar control group. These findings suggest the use of the GRPQ may improve students' skills in asking questions that include application, analysis, and synthesis. Future research regarding the role of questions in stimulating critical analysis and the role of context in the learning environment is warranted. PMID:16715642

Velde, Beth P; Wittman, Peggy P; Vos, Paul

2006-01-01

482

Health effects following 9/11: implications for occupational health nurses.  

PubMed

The attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001 resulted in hazardous environmental exposures of enormous magnitude, bringing about persistent respiratory and psychological problems among survivors. Approximately 40,000 men and women worked at Ground Zero, the former site of the World Trade Center in New York City, and at the Staten Island landfill, the main wreckage depository, in the days, weeks, and months following 9/11. First responders such as firefighters and police, construction workers, and utility and public sector workers were involved. These individuals were at high risk for injury, respiratory complications, and psychological distress from the traumatic event. This article highlights the controversy surrounding 9/11 research and reports, identifies populations at high risk for exposure, and examines the health effects. Occupational health nurses should not only be empowered to provide the best care for workers affiliated with 9/11, but also contribute to research to protect worker health in future disaster responses. PMID:18444404

Pak, Victoria M; O'Hara, MaryEllen; McCauley, Linda A

2008-04-01

483

Promoting health and safety virtually: key recommendations for occupational health nurses.  

PubMed

Nurses' use of the Internet and social media has surfaced as a critical concern requiring further exploration and consideration by all health care organizations and nursing associations. In an attempt to support this need, the American Nurses Association (2011) published six principles of social networking that offered guidance and direction for nurses. In addition, the National Council of State Boards of Nursing (2011) published a nurse's guide to using social media. Surfing the Internet and using social media for professional and personal needs is extremely common among nurses. What is concerning is when nurses do not separate their professional and personal presence in the virtual world. This article presents an Institutional Review Board-approved pilot survey that explored nurses' use of social media personally and professionally and offers recommendations specifically directed to the occupational health nurse. [Workplace Health Saf 2014;62(7):302-306.]. PMID:25000549

Wolf, Debra M; Anton, Bonnie B; Wenskovitch, John

2014-07-01

484

Making Careers in the Occupational Niche: Chinese Students in Corporate Japan's Transnational Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expanding international education and economic globalisation have changed both the make-up of international labour migrants and the patterns of immigrant economic adaptation. Chinese student migrants' employment experiences and economic mobility in Japan suggest that an immigrant occupational niche has emerged among Japanese firms characterised by a set of corporate positions that specifically deal with businesses in China. These firms preferentially

Gracia Liu-Farrer

2011-01-01

485

Occupational Therapy Faculty Attitudes toward the Inclusion of Students with Disabilities in Their Educational Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study that investigated the attitudes of 166 occupational therapy faculty toward the inclusion of students with disabilities in their programs found overall favorable responses. However, responses differed depending on the nature of the disability: physical, social, behavioral, or academic. (Contains 37 references.) (JOW)

Gitlow, Lynn

2001-01-01

486

Some Experimental Tests of Holland's Congruency Hypotheses: The Reactions of High School Students to Occupational Simulations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school students (92 females, 127 males) using Krumboltz Job Experience Kits (occupational simulations) experienced 6 diverse jobs in random order and recorded reactions on the Perceived Congruency Questionnaire. Results supported Holland's hexagonal model, indicating that different personality types react to different jobs in accord with the…

Helms, Samuel T.

1996-01-01

487

Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Master Table of Contents for 17-Volume Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This master table of contents provides a comprehensive overview of all seventeen books included in a series of curriculum resource guides for occupational teachers who work with special needs students. Each includes performance objectives and suggested instructional activities for job behaviors and attitudes common to all employment as well as to…

Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

488

Congruency between Occupational Daydreams and Self Directed Search (SDS) Scores among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the relationship of expressed occupational daydreams and scores on the Self-Directed Search (SDS) were examined. Results were consistent with Holland's theory of careers. Implications for career counselors are discussed. Students were asked to provide specific biographical data (i. e., age, gender, race) and to write down their…

Miller, Mark J.; Springer, Thomas P.; Tobacyk, Jerome; Wells, Don

2004-01-01

489

Post-College Employment Rates and Earnings of Students Who Participated in SBCC Occupational Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the earnings made by students while enrolled at Santa Barbara City College (SBCC) in California, and during their first and third years after leaving SBCC. The study, which compared employment status and earnings by occupational field, and outcomes for associate-degree completers and those earning 12 or more…

Friedlander, Jack

490

Office Occupations--Accounting. Kit No. 8. Instructor's Manual [and] Student Activity Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An instructor's manual and student activity guide on accounting are provided in this set of prevocational education materials which focuses on the vocational area of office occupations. (This set of materials is one of ninety-two prevocational education sets arranged around a cluster of seven vocational offerings: agriculture, home economics,…

Conner, Connie

491

Cultural Competence in New Zealand and Canada: Occupational Therapy Students' Reflections on Class and Fieldwork Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with 21 New Zealand and 17 Canadian occupational therapy students identified their struggles with concepts of ethnicity and culture and desire to be culturally competent practitioners. Instructors' perspectives on the cultural content of programs demonstrated the need for creative teaching/learning methods. (Contains 27 references.)…

Forwell, Susan J.; Whiteford, Gail; Dyck, Isabel

2001-01-01

492

New Directions in Occupational Health. Final Performance Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of the West Virginia University residency in Preventive Medicine-Occupational Medicine is straightforward. West Virginia is the most work-disabled state in the nation. There is a tremendous local, state, and regional need for objective clini...

1997-01-01

493

Status of work-related diseases in Wisconsin: five occupational health indicators.  

PubMed

Direct and indirect costs of work-related injuries and illnesses in the United States are estimated to cost over dollar 170 billion annually. Wisconsin's costs alone may be as high as dollar 1 billion annually. Considering the magnitude of these costs, it is disconcerting that there is no national surveillance program to track the occupational injuries, illnesses, and hazards responsible. Surveillance is an essential public health function and the foundation for recognizing and then designing and evaluating interventions to reduce the consequences of identified hazards. Wisconsin has a rudimentary occupational injury and illness surveillance program. It has recently been strengthened by receipt of a 3-year fundamental surveillance grant from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). As part of that grant, Wisconsin will begin tracking 19 NIOSH occupational health indicators. In this paper we measured 5 occupational health indicators for Wisconsin: Pneumoconiosis hospitalizations, Pneumoconiosis mortality, Acute work-related pesticide poisonings, Incidence of malignant mesothelioma, and Elevated blood lead levels among adults. Year 2000 baseline results of these 5 occupational disease indicators show that Wisconsin has lower disease rates than the nation for some of the indicators and higher rates for others. Such surveillance data informs the understanding of environmental and other important risk factors for occupational diseases and injuries. PMID:16628971

Islam, K M Monirul; Anderson, Henry A

2006-03-01

494

Students' Mental Health: Personal and University Determinants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study was to examine the effects of personal and university bounded factors in students mental health in north of Fars province, Iran. The effects of these factors on university students' psychopathology within a survey design were investigated among 300 participants--94 males and 206 females, who were selected through random sampling…

Khodarahimi, Siamak; Rasti, Ali; Khajehie, Malihe; Sattar, Rea

2009-01-01

495

How Health Professions Students Finance Their Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report was based on a survey to determine how students in the health professions of medicine osteopathy, dentistry, optometry, pharmacy, podiatry, and veterinary medicine financed their educations during the 1970-71 school year. The purpose of this nationwide survey was to provide information on patterns of student expenses and on the sources…

Public Health Service (DHEW), Arlington, VA.

496

Engaging Student Health Organizations in Reducing Health Disparities in Underserved Communities through Volunteerism: Developing a Student Health Corps  

PubMed Central

One underutilized method for reducing health disparities and training culturally competent health care workers is the engagement of undergraduate student health organizations in conducting health screenings, promotion, and health education outreach activities in in underserved racial/ethnic communities. We conducted a needs assessment of 14 predominantly racial/ethnic minority undergraduate student-run health organizations. The 14 organizations annually served approximately 12,425 people (67% Hispanic, 25% African American, 6.33% Asian Pacific Islander), predominantly at health fairs within Los Angeles County (averaging 138 attendees). Student organizations provided screenings on general health conditions and diseases, with less emphasis on behavioral risk factors (e.g., drinking, smoking). Organizations indicated a need for increased and affordable trainings in preventive health screenings and help in understanding target populations’ needs. Universities are in an excellent position to train, supervise, and organize volunteer health corps in order to engage students in reducing health disparities and to train culturally competent health care providers.

Mays, Vickie M.; Ly, Lichin; Allen, Erica; Young, Sophia

2013-01-01

497

Residential characteristics as correlates of occupants' health in the greater Accra region, Ghana  

PubMed Central

Background Housing has been a relatively neglected site for public health action. However, it remains a place where human beings spend the most part of their day. As a result, the quality of housing has consequences for human health. We investigate residential characteristics associated with self-rated occupant health in five neighbourhoods in the Greater Accra Region, Ghana. Methods A cross sectional study using a semi-structured questionnaire was conducted among 500 informed adults aged 18 years and above to investigate residential characteristics associated with self-rated occupant health in five neighbourhoods in the Greater Accra Region, Ghana. Correlates of occupant rated health were determined using Pearson chi-square test and binary logistic regression. Results Forty-two per cent of houses were rented, 44% required repair and 46% shared sanitation facilities. One in twenty occupants reported poor health. Gender, employment status, income, ventilation, house wall material, odours, stale air, privacy, shared facilities, hand washing facility, type of house and house repair status were associated with poor health in the bivariate analysis. Only two variables were independently associated with poor self-rated health: occupants who lacked privacy were eight times more likely to report poor self-rated health when compared to peers who did not lack privacy [OR = 8.16, 95% CI 2.86-23.26] and women were three times more likely than men to report poor health [OR = 2.98, 95% CI 1.06-8.35]. Conclusion The results provide further evidence of housing as a determinant of occupantshealth, and identify housing characteristics and living conditions as issues for public health action in Ghana.

2014-01-01

498

Program of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health: Program Plans by Program Areas for Fiscal Year 1981.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The current responsibilities of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health were established primarily by the Public Health Service Act, the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, and the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977. A ma...

1980-01-01

499

The State of Occupational Safety and Health in the European Union - Pilot Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report from the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work offers a snapshot of the first steps in developing a system to monitor health and safety in the European Union. The fifteen member countries of the EU wrote reports on the state of occupational safety and health (OSH), and these reports have been consolidated into one. The report offers five major chapters, including "Data Sources and Methodology," "Major Findings," The Working Environment," and "Occupational Safety and Health Outcomes." The report may be downloaded in its entirety (1.7 MB) or by chapter. An excellent 60-page summary is available, as are of the fifteen national reports.

500

NIOSH recommendations for occupational safety and health. Compendium of policy documents and statements  

SciTech Connect

This publication provides a comprehensive list of National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) documents that contain recommendations for safety and health standards in the workplace. The document includes two major sections. Section A lists all NIOSH documents containing recommendations for chemical, physical, and other hazards in the workplace. Section B contains the NIOSH recommended exposure limits (RELs) for all of these hazards, as well as the adverse health effects for chemical and physical hazards. Five appendices include additional information about classes of chemicals and RELs adopted or revised during rulemaking activity by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration in 1988.

Not Available

1992-01-01