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1

Treatment of Diabetes mellitus by Diet Alone versus Oral Hypoglycemics versus Insulin and Outcome after Successful Percutaneous Coronary Revascularization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine whether the outcomes of diabetic patients after successful percutaneous coronary revascularization are influenced by the modality of treatment for hyperglycemia at the time of percutaneous coronary revascularization. Design: Retrospective analysis of the Mayo Clinic PTCA Registry. Material and Methods: We examined whether the modality of treatment of diabetes mellitus (diet alone vs. oral hypoglycemics vs. insulin) impacted

David Hasdai; Robert A. Rizza; Diane E. Grill; Christopher G. Scott; Kirk N. Garratt; David R. Holmes Jr.

2001-01-01

2

Successful use of bivalirudin for combined carotid endarterectomy and coronary revascularization with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass in a patient with an elevated heparin-platelet factor 4 antibody titer.  

PubMed

We report a combined carotid endarterectomy and coronary revascularization surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass using bivalirudin for systemic anticoagulation in a patient with a positive titer for the heparin-platelet factor 4 antibody. The patient experienced procedural success for both the carotid and coronary surgeries. Increased blood and blood product transfusion was required postoperatively. PMID:19299772

Avery, Edwin G; Hilgenberg, Alan D; Cambria, Richard P; Beckerly, Rena; Donnelly, Anne M; Laposata, Michael

2009-04-01

3

Referral for coronary artery revascularization procedures after diagnostic coronary angiography: Evidence for gender bias?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. We sought to determine whether there is a gender bias in the selection of patients for coronary revascularization once the severity of the underlying coronary artery disease has been established with angiography.Background. It has been suggested that women with coronary artery disease are less likely to be referred for coronary angiography and coronary artery bypass surgery than men. Whether

Malcolm R. Bell; Peter B. Berger; David R. Holmes; Charles J. Mullany; Kent R. Bailey; Bernard J. Gersh

1995-01-01

4

Total arterial coronary revascularization—patient selection, stenoses, conduits, targets  

PubMed Central

Graft patency determines prognosis in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Numerous reports over the past 20 years have documented superior patencies and prognosis when multiple arterial grafts are used, yet less than 10% of CABG have multiple arterial grafts. Several conduits have been proposed, with varying degrees of success. Saphenous vein grafts (SVG) begin to fail with intimal hypertrophy and then atheroma after 5 years, with patency rates of 50% to 60% at 10 years, and <30% at 15 years. In contrast, left internal thoracic artery (LITA) patency is >95% at 10 years and >90% at 20 years. The radial artery is extremely versatile and can reach all territories, but is muscular and vulnerable to spasm and competitive flow. Similarly, the right gastroepiploic artery is also muscular, and is best suited to the posterior descending coronary artery, especially in reoperations and is also affected by competitive flow. In addition, bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting (BITA) grafts and total arterial revascularization (TACR) can be performed with identical perioperative mortality (1%) and perioperative morbidity to LITA + SVG. Importantly, survival is superior—85% to 90% at 10 years versus 75% to 80% respectively. BITA/TACR patients also suffer fewer late cardiac events and reoperations, with superior results for older patients, those requiring urgent surgery, diabetics, patients with renal dysfunction and in reoperations. Contraindications to BITA include obesity, insulin dependent diabetics, and severe chronic obstructive airways disease. As such, arterial grafts have better patencies and clinical results. BITA/TACR is often underutilized, but can be achieved in the majority of patients. Opportunities exist to enhance BITA/TACR use in CABG to the potential benefit of our patients. PMID:23977629

2013-01-01

5

Long-term outcome of dialysis patients in the United States with coronary revascularization procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Long-term outcome of dialysis patients in the United States with coronary revascularization procedures.BackgroundThe optimal method of coronary revascularization in dialysis patients is controversial, as previous small retrospective studies have reported increased cardiac events after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) compared with coronary artery bypass (CAB) surgery. The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term survival of chronic dialysis

Charles A. Herzog; Jennie Z. Ma; Allan J. Collins

1999-01-01

6

Coronary revascularization in lung transplant recipients with concomitant coronary artery disease.  

PubMed

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is not uncommon among lung transplant candidates. Several small, single-center series have suggested that short-term outcomes are acceptable in selected patients who undergo coronary revascularization prior to, or concomitant with, lung transplantation. Our objective was to evaluate perioperative and intermediate-term outcomes in this patient population at our institution. We performed a retrospective, observational cohort analysis of 898 lung transplant recipients between 1997 and 2010. Pediatric, multivisceral, lobar or repeat transplantations were excluded, resulting in 791 patients for comparative analysis, of which 49 (median age 62, 79.6% bilateral transplant) underwent concurrent coronary artery bypass and 38 (median age 64, 63.2% bilateral transplant) received preoperative percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Perioperative mortality, overall unadjusted survival and adjusted hazard ratio for cumulative risk of death were similar among both revascularization groups as well as controls. The rate of postoperative major adverse cardiac events was also similar among groups; however, concurrent coronary artery bypass was associated with longer postoperative length of stay, more time in the intensive care unit and more postoperative days requiring ventilator support. These results suggest that patients with CAD need not be excluded from lung transplantation. Preferential consideration should be given to preoperative PCI when feasible. PMID:24102830

Castleberry, A W; Martin, J T; Osho, A A; Hartwig, M G; Hashmi, Z A; Zanotti, G; Shaw, L K; Williams, J B; Lin, S S; Davis, R D

2013-11-01

7

Coronary Revascularization in Lung Transplant Recipients With Concomitant Coronary Artery Disease  

PubMed Central

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is not uncommon among lung transplant candidates. Several small, single-center series have suggested that short-term outcomes are acceptable in selected patients who undergo coronary revascularization prior to, or concomitant with, lung transplantation. Our objective was to evaluate perioperative and intermediate-term outcomes in this patient population at our institution. We performed a retrospective, observational cohort analysis of 898 lung transplant recipients between 1997 and 2010. Pediatric, multivisceral, lobar or repeat transplantations were excluded, resulting in 791 patients for comparative analysis, of which 49 (median age 62, 79.6% bilateral transplant) underwent concurrent coronary artery bypass and 38 (median age 64, 63.2% bilateral transplant) received preoperative percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Perioperative mortality, overall unadjusted survival and adjusted hazard ratio for cumulative risk of death were similar among both revascularization groups as well as controls. The rate of postoperative major adverse cardiac events was also similar among groups; however, concurrent coronary artery bypass was associated with longer postoperative length of stay, more time in the intensive care unit and more postoperative days requiring ventilator support. These results suggest that patients with CAD need not be excluded from lung transplantation. Preferential consideration should be given to preoperative PCI when feasible. PMID:24102830

Castleberry, A. W.; Martin, J. T.; Osho, A. A.; Hartwig, M. G.; Hashmi, Z. A.; Zanotti, G.; Shaw, L. K.; Williams, J. B.; Lin, S. S.; Davis, R. D.

2015-01-01

8

The innovation of composite core dual coil coronary guide-wire technology: A didactic coronary chronic total occlusion revascularization case report  

PubMed Central

The treatment of coronary chronic total occlusions (CTO) continues to solicit technical innovations. As success primarily depends on crossing the lesion with a wire, all aspects regarding tip shape retention, torque precision, and penetration ability of the guide-wire have greatly influenced new techniques and strategies. The world of interventional cardiology has to look carefully at these developments, and to use them accordingly to improve the success rate in ordinary percutaneous coronary interventions. We present a didactical case report of a CTO revascularization treated with a new ‘dual core’ technology guide-wire. PMID:25278725

Tomasello, Salvatore Davide; Giudice, Pietro; Attisano, Tiziana; Boukhris, Marouane; Galassi, Alfredo R.

2014-01-01

9

Projected long-term costs of coronary stenting in multivessel coronary disease based on the experience of the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation (BARI)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Stents are now used in the majority of percutaneous coronary revascularization procedures. It is not clear whether the higher initial cost of stenting is later repaid by reducing costly complications and repeat revascularization procedures, especially for patients with multivessel disease. Methods To project the long-term costs of using coronary stents, angioplasty, or bypass surgery to treat patients with multivessel

Cynthia A. Yock; Derek B. Boothroyd; Douglas K. Owens; Carla Winston; Mark A. Hlatky

2000-01-01

10

Usefulness of the ankle-brachial index to predict high coronary SYNTAX scores, myocardium at risk, and incomplete coronary revascularization.  

PubMed

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is strongly associated with coronary artery disease and poor outcomes after coronary revascularization. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that patients with PAD diagnosed by a low ankle-brachial index (ABI; ?0.90) have more complex coronary artery disease and more myocardium at risk than patients with normal ABIs (1.00 to 1.40) and that subsequent coronary revascularization is less complete. Adults referred for coronary angiography underwent ABI measurement using a standard Doppler ultrasound technique. Blinded reviewers calculated SYNTAX scores and Duke jeopardy scores at baseline and 3 months after angiography. Of 814 patients, 8% had PAD (ABI ?0.90), 9% had borderline PAD (ABI 0.91 to 0.99), 77% were normal (ABI 1.00 to 1.40), and 7% had vascular calcification artifact (ABI >1.40). Patients with PAD were more likely to have high SYNTAX scores (?33), with an odds ratio of 4.3 (95% confidence interval 1.2 to 14.9), compared with those with normal ABIs after adjustment for traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Similarly, there was a positive association between baseline high Duke jeopardy score (?8) and PAD (adjusted odds ratio 3.5, 95% confidence interval 1.7 to 7.1). Postrevascularization high Duke jeopardy scores (?5) were also positively associated with PAD (adjusted odds ratio 3.0, 95% confidence interval 1.1 to 8.8). In conclusion, PAD is associated with higher SYNTAX scores, more myocardium at risk, and less complete coronary revascularization than in patients with normal ABIs. More complex coronary artery disease and incomplete revascularization may contribute to worse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with PAD. PMID:25306553

Sebastianski, Meghan; Narasimhan, Seshasayee; Graham, Michelle M; Toleva, Olga; Shavadia, Jay; Abualnaja, Seraj; Tsuyuki, Ross T; McMurtry, M Sean

2014-12-01

11

Mode of Coronary Revascularization and Short term Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease  

PubMed Central

Background and Objective: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery are two alternative methods for coronary revascularization, but it remains controversial as which one is associated with lower risks of worse clinical outcomes for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We determined the mode of coronary revascularization (PCI vs. CABG) which is associated with lower risk of mortality and morbidity in CKD patients. Methods: In this cross sectional study, 159 patients with CKD were enrolled from single center of coronary revascularization at Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi between January 2012 and August 2013. All patients with CKD underwent PCI or CABG. The primary outcome was in-hospital composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke. We evaluated which mode of coronary revascularization was associated with reduced risks of clinical outcomes. Results: Out of 159 patients with CKD, 85 (53.5%) received PCI and 74 (46.5%) received CABG. The primary finding of this study is that more patients with moderate to severe CKD underwent PCI and more patients with mild to moderate CKD underwent CABG. In both these categories, no difference was observed in clinical outcomes. There are few factors like age, ST- elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and number of coronary artery disease predicted PCI as treatment strategy in patients with moderate to severe CKD. Conclusion: Patients with moderate to severe CKD have similar rates of short term clinical outcomes whether they underwent PCI or CABG. Therefore, PCI can be acceptable and less invasive treatment option alternative to CABG, particularly in patients with moderate to severe CKD.

Khoso, Ashique Ali; Kazmi, Khawar Abbas; Tahir, Saqiba; Sharif, Hasanat; Awan, Safia

2014-01-01

12

Temporal Trends in Mortality after Coronary Artery Revascularization in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease  

PubMed Central

Background: Recent studies that have assessed the comparative effectiveness between coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) that have included analyses of temporal trends in mortality have noted mixed results. Methods: We conducted an observational longitudinal cohort study of all adults with ESRD undergoing CABG or PCI within Kaiser Permanente Northern California. The primary predictor, index period of revascularization, was categorized into 3 periods: 1996–1999 (reference), 2000–2003, and 2004–2008, with the primary outcome being 3-year all-cause mortality. A multivariable Cox regression model with the assumption of independent censoring was used to determine the adjusted relative risk of the primary predictor. Results: Among 1015 ESRD patients, 3-year mortality showed no significant change in the 2000–2003 period but was lower during the 2004–2008 period with an adjusted hazard ratio of 0.66 (95% confidence interval: 0.49–0.88; trend test p = 0.01). No change in 30-day mortality was noted. Further adjustment for receipt of medications at baseline and after revascularization did not materially affect risk estimates. No significant interactions were observed between the type of revascularization (CABG or PCI) and the period of the index revascularization. Conclusions: Among a high-risk cohort of patients with ESRD and coronary artery disease within Kaiser Permanente Northern California who were referred for coronary revascularization by either CABG or PCI, the relative risk of mortality in the 2004–2008 period decreased by 34% compared with the 1996–1999 period, with the benefit primarily in the decrease in late mortality. PMID:25102514

Krishnaswami, Ashok; Leong, Thomas K; Hlatky, Mark A; Chang, Tara I; Go, Alan S

2014-01-01

13

A randomized comparison of a sirolimus eluting stent with a standard stent for coronary revascularization  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The need for repeated treatment of restenosis of a treated vessel remains the main limitation of percutaneous coronary revascularization. Because sirolimus (rapamycin) inhibits the proliferation of lymphocytes and smooth-muscle cells, we compared a sirolimus-eluting stent with a standard uncoated stent in patients with angina pectoris. METHODS: We performed a randomized, double-blind trial to compare the two types of stents

M. C. Morice; P. W. Serruys; E. J. Sousa; F. Molnar; J. E. Sousa; J. Fajadet; E. Ban Hayashi; M. A. Perin; A. Colombo; G. Schuler; P. Barragan

2002-01-01

14

Coronary Artery Revascularization Evaluation—A Multicenter Registry With Seven Years of Follow?Up  

PubMed Central

Background Data from randomized clinical trials comparing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may not accurately reflect current clinical practice, in which there is off?label usage of drug?eluting stents (DES). We undertook a prospective registry of coronary revascularization by CABG on? and off?pump and PCI with bare?metal stents (BMSs), DESs, or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) to determine clinical outcomes. Methods and Results All patients undergoing isolated coronary revascularization in 8 community?based hospitals were enrolled. Final follow?up was obtained after 5 years by patient and/or physician contact and the Social Security Death Index. ST?elevation myocardial infarction and salvage patients were excluded. Five or more years of follow?up was obtained on 81.5% (3156) of the eligible patients—968 CABG patients (82.0%) and 2188 PCI patients (81.3%). Overall follow?up was 63.5±27.9 months (median, 79.7 months). The incidence of initial major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) at follow?up for CABG versus PCI was 29.2% versus 41.8% (P<0.001). Analysis of stent subgroups showed more events with BMSs (equivalent to PTCA alone) compared with DESs. All stents had more events than on? or off?pump CABG groups. Using propensity score–matched groups, the odds ratio for CABG to PCI was 0.69 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.56 to 0.85; P<0.001) for mortality and 0.58 (95% CI, 0.45 to 0.75; P<0.001) for any MACE. Conclusions In the current era of DES and off?pump surgery, in a community hospital setting, comparable patients undergoing coronary revascularization appear to benefit from improved long?term survival and reduced MACE with CABG versus PCI. PMID:23598273

Kurlansky, Paul; Herbert, Morley; Prince, Syma; Mack, Michael J.

2013-01-01

15

Triple coronary artery revascularization on the stabilized beating heart: initial experience  

PubMed Central

Objective To decrease health costs and morbidity related to extracorporeal circulation, surgeons have modified the coronary artery bypass (CAB) technique so that it can be completed without the use of extra-corporeal circulation. This study summarizes initial experience with direct coronary artery revascularization on the beating heart using a coronary stabilizer. Design A case series. Setting The Montreal Heart Institute, a university-affiliated centre, specializing in the treatment of cardiac illnesses. Patients Ten patients underwent CAB by this technique. They presented with double or triple coronary artery disease with no intramyocardial, heavily calcified, diffused atheromatous coronary vessels, or left main coronary disease. Intervention CAB grafting in the beating heart. The anterior wall was grafted in all patients, the inferior wall in 7 and the posterior wall in 7. Main outcome measures Patient survival and graft patency. Results One patient died of multiple organ failure not related to the grafting technique itself, and 1 patient suffered a non-Q myocardial infarction. Early coronary angiography performed on 8 patients showed 100% graft patency, most with excellent distal runoff (21/22 grafts). Conclusion In patients with adequate anatomy, performance of CAB without extracorporeal circulation can achieve excellent early results provided there is appropriate mechanical stabilization of the beating heart. PMID:9711161

Cartier, Raymond; Hébert, Yves; Blain, Robert; Tremblay, Normand; Desjardins, Jacques; Leclerc, Yves

1998-01-01

16

Revascularization for coronary artery disease in diabetes mellitus: Angioplasty, stents and coronary artery bypass grafting  

E-print Network

Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) are prone to a diffuse and rapidly progressive form of atherosclerosis, which increases their likelihood of requiring revascularization. However, the unique pathophysiology of atherosclerosis ...

Aronson, Doron

17

[Late results of endovascular coronary revascularization in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus].  

PubMed

The aim of this work was to evaluate anti-ischemic and angiographic efficiency of endovascular revascularization of ischemic myocardium by implantation of Sirolimus-eluting stents from the results of a 18 moth-long prospective study of patients with coronary heart disease and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). The study included 108 patients with angina of effort randomized into two groups: CHD with DM (n = 51) and CHD without DM (n = 57). All of them received anti-ischemic and antihypertensive therapy and two desaggregants; DM patients also used oral hypoglycemic preparations. The patients underwent implantation of Sirolimus-eluting stents. The frequency of restenosis of the target arteries, development of serious cardio-vascular events (death, MI, cerebral stroke, and the need in repeat revascularization) were compared within 18 months after primary endovascular revascularization. Although Sirolimus-eluting stents markedly improved long-term prognosis in DM patients, results of their implantation were worse than in patients with CHD without DM. PMID:19348303

Tepliakov, A T; Kuznetsova, A V; Torim, Iu Iu; Stepacheva, T A; Lukinov, A V; Krylov, A L

2009-01-01

18

Sex-related differences in coronary revascularization practices: the perspective from a Canadian queue management project.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To assess sex-related differences in coronary revascularization practices in a Canadian setting. DESIGN: Prospective analytic cohort study. SETTING: Regional referral office in Toronto. PATIENTS: A selected but consecutive group of 131 women and 440 men referred by cardiologists for revascularization procedures between Jan. 3, 1989, and June 30, 1991. INTERVENTIONS: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Nurse-coordinators placed the referral with a surgeon or interventional cardiologist at one of three hospitals, who then communicated directly with the referring cardiologist. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Symptom status at referral, procedures requested and performed, and time from referral to procedure. RESULTS: Although the women were more likely than the men to have unstable angina at the time of referral (odds ratio [OR] 2.28, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.38 to 3.79, p = 0.0006), more women than men (16.8% v. 12.1%) were turned down for a procedure. Significant sex-related differences in practice patterns (p < 0.001) persisted after controlling for age or for the referring cardiologists' perception of expected procedural risk. A stepwise multivariate model showed that anatomy was the main determinant of case management; sex was the only other significant variable (p = 0.016). The referring physicians requested CABG more often for men than for women (p = 0.009), and the men accepted for a procedure were much more likely to undergo CABG than the women (OR 2.40, CI 1.47 to 3.93, p = 0.0002). Although the women undergoing CABG waited shorter periods than the men (p = 0.0035), this difference was attributable to their more severe symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: In this selected group women had more serious symptoms before referral but were turned down for revascularization more often than men. Reduced use of CABG rather than PTCA largely accounted for the sex-related differences in revascularization. Once accepted for a procedure women had shorter waiting times, which was appropriate given their more severe symptoms. PMID:8402425

Naylor, C D; Levinton, C M

1993-01-01

19

Surgical versus percutaneous revascularization in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease.  

PubMed

New-generation stents have been continually developed in order to improve the safety and efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Several randomized clinical trials have been conducted over the last two decades to compare the outcomes of PCI with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), which has been the time-tested treatment of multivessel coronary artery disease. The Synergy between PCI with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) trial is one of the most recent and largest randomized controlled trials comparing PCI using the paclitaxel-eluting first-generation stent with CABG and was uniquely formulated to represent "real world" daily practice. The final 5-year main results of this trial and its various prespecified subgroups have been published in the past year. These results will form the basis of the new guidelines that will be published in the near future. This review is a compilation of the results of the SYNTAX trial and comparisons with other contemporary trials, meta-analyses, and retrospective studies of large registries and how these results help cardiac surgeons and cardiologists in judicious decision-making for their patients with multivessel coronary artery disease requiring revascularization. PMID:25344743

Davierwala, Piroze M; Mohr, Freidrich W

2014-12-01

20

Revascularization for Patients with Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura and Coronary Artery Disease  

PubMed Central

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is an autoimmune disorder with a low platelet count characterized by premature platelet destruction and suppression of platelet production mediated by autoantibodies, which may predispose to bleeding. Although the prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in ITP seems to be rare, their co-occurrence is not unusual. Patients with ITP have increased risks for thrombosis and atherosclerosis associated with hemostatic factors, endothelial damage, and the negative effects of steroid and immunoglobulin therapies. Thus, the coexistence of ITP and CAD presents complex problems requiring a balance between hemorrhagic risk and prevention of thrombosis. Here, the authors present two patients with ITP, who were revascularized in different ways for CAD. Although the optimal management of thrombocytopenic patients with CAD is uncertain, individualized treatment modalities can be useful in patients with ITP and CAD. PMID:25089139

Lee, Chan-Hee

2014-01-01

21

[Ambulatory monitoring of left ventricular function in patients with ischemic heart disease: effects of coronary revascularization].  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of coronary artery bypass using an ambulatory radionuclide monitoring system of left ventricular function (VEST) during daily activities in patients with previous myocardial infarction and coronary artery disease. Ten patients with previous myocardial infarction, clinical evidence of residual angina and angiocardiographically proven coronary artery disease of at least two epicardial vessels were studied by VEST 8 +/- 2 days before and 15 +/- 3 days after surgical myocardial revascularization. VEST allows to monitor both left ventricular function and 2 ECG leads. During the radionuclide monitoring (at least 60 min) all patients underwent handgrip test (compression of a dynamometer for 2 min at the 75% of maximal capacity), a mental stress (arithmetic operation consisting in subtracting 17 from 17,000 for 4 min), walking (140 yards) and climbing stairs (8 flights). No significant changes in left ventricular function during mental stress and handgrip both before and after the surgical procedure were observed. In the preoperative evaluation, walking induced a significantly increase in heart rate from rest to peak exercise (73 +/- 13 versus 79 +/- 11 b/min, respectively; p < 0.01). After coronary artery bypass, heart rate (rest: 92 +/- 18 b/min, effort: 98 +/- 19 b/min; p < 0.01), ejection fraction (rest: 47 +/- 8%, effort: 53 +/- 10%; p < 0.01), cardiac output (rest: 43 +/- 8 edv/min, effort: 51 +/- 11 edv/min, p < 0.01), and stroke volume (rest: 47 +/- 9%, effort: 53 +/- 9%; p < 0.01) increased at maximal effort compared to the control conditions.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7882390

Ferraro, S; Cuocolo, A; Nappi, A; Storto, G; Maddalena, G; Desiderio, A; Salvatore, M; Chiariello, M

1994-10-01

22

Waiting for coronary revascularization in Toronto: 2 years' experience with a regional referral office.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of major adverse events among patients awaiting coronary revascularization; to assess the match between referring physicians' estimates of urgency, a computer-generated multifactorial urgency rating score and actual waiting times; to determine the changes in waiting times as capacity for bypass surgery increased; and to evaluate the influence of choice of procedure or operator on waiting times. DESIGN: Consecutive case series. SETTING: Greater Toronto region. SUBJECTS: All 571 patients referred to an organized referral office by cardiologists at hospitals without on-site revascularization facilities between Jan. 3, 1989, and June 30, 1991. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Preoperative fatal or nonfatal myocardial infarction; proportions of patients waiting longer than the maximum period recommended for their urgency rating; mean waiting times for various subgroups; and correlations among referring physicians' urgency ratings, computer-generated multifactorial urgency scores and waiting times. RESULTS: Of the 496 patients accepted for a procedure 5 had fatal cardiac events and 3 nonfatal myocardial infarction. Events occurred three times more often in patients with left mainstem disease than in those in other anatomic categories (relative risk [RR] 3.05, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.48 to 6.27, p = 0.03). Both the computer-generated scores and the referring physicians' scores were correlated with the actual waiting time (r = 0.46 and 0.57 respectively). Waiting times and the proportion of patients with excessive waiting times fell during the study period (p < 0.0001). However, urgent cases were much less likely to be done "on time" than those with a recommended waiting time of more than 2 weeks (RR 0.16, 95% CI 0.11 to 0.25, p < 0.0001). The mean wait for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was 22.73 days if the referral office was allowed to find a surgeon or interventional cardiologist and 35.31 days if one was requested (p = 0.002 after adjustment for urgency scores). CONCLUSIONS: Death of a patient on the waiting list is uncommon in an organized referral system. Patients with left main-stem disease are at higher risk of death than those in other anatomic categories. There were significant correlations between referring physicians' ratings of urgency, multifactorial urgency scores and actual waiting times. Expansion of capacity for CABG led to shorter waiting times, but patients with unstable symptoms continued to wait longer than recommended. Requests for a specific surgeon caused significantly longer delays. PMID:8402424

Naylor, C D; Morgan, C D; Levinton, C M; Wheeler, S; Hunter, L; Klymciw, K; Baigrie, R S; Goldman, B S

1993-01-01

23

Platelet-larger cell ratio and the risk of periprocedural myocardial infarction after percutaneous coronary revascularization.  

PubMed

Periprocedural myocardial infarction (PMI) represents a frequent complication in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary revascularization. Despite great attention focused on pharmacological prevention of periprocedural damage, very little is known about using biomarkers to potentially predict the risk of PMI. Larger platelets have been associated with enhanced reactivity, increased cardiovascular risk, and higher rates of complications after coronary stenting. The platelet-larger cell ratio (P-LCR) identifies the largest-sized fraction of platelets, the proportion potentially more closely related to thrombotic events. The present study evaluated the relationship between P-LCR and PMI. We included 1,285 patients undergoing PCI. Myonecrosis biomarkers were dosed at intervals from 6 to 48 h after PCI. Periprocedural myonecrosis was defined as troponin I increase by three times the upper limit of normal (ULN) or by 50 % of an elevated baseline value, whereas PMI was defined as an increase in creatine kinase MB by 3 × ULN or 50 % of baseline. We grouped patients according to tertile values of P-LCR (<27.5; ?35.1). Higher P-LCR was associated with age (P = 0.01), diabetes (P = 0.001), previous cerebrovascular accidents (P = 0.007), therapy with statins (P < 0.001), angiotensin receptor blockers (P < 0.001), aspirin (P = 0.002), and nitrates (P = 0.01). P-LCR was related to hemoglobin levels (P < 0.001), and inversely related to platelet count (P < 0.001) and glycemia (P = 0.05). Patients with higher P-LCR had a lower presence of coronary thrombus (P = 0.003). Higher P-LCR values did not increase the risk of PMI (P = 0.10; adjusted odds ratio (OR) (95 % confidence interval (CI)) = 0.97 (0.69-1.38)), P = 0.89) or periprocedural myonecrosis (P = 0.96; adjusted OR (95 % CI) = 1.003 (0.76-1.32), P = 0.99). Results were confirmed even in higher-risk subgroups of patients. P-LCR does not increase the risk of periprocedural myocardial infarction and myonecrosis in patients undergoing coronary stenting. PMID:24297745

Verdoia, Monica; Barbieri, Lucia; Schaffer, Alon; Cassetti, Ettore; Marino, Paolo; Bellomo, Giorgio; Sinigaglia, Fabiola; De Luca, Giuseppe

2015-01-01

24

Comparison of the long-term survival benefits associated with revascularization or medical therapy in patients with known coronary artery disease undergoing transesophageal atrial pacing stress echocardiography.  

PubMed

Although the utility of stress echocardiography for the diagnosis and prognostic evaluation of patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) has been widely reported, few studies have evaluated the role of revascularization in relation to the presence of inducible ischemia during stress in patients with known CAD. The study population consisted of 295 consecutive patients who underwent transesophageal atrial pacing stress echocardiography (TAPSE) in the echocardiographic laboratory of our division between January 1988 and September 1997, in whom coronary angiography was performed within 10 days of the test. Patients were then assigned to revascularization or medical treatment according to the treatment given within 60 days of TAPSE. Cardiac-related deaths were higher in medically treated (19 of 135) than in revascularized (8 of 160) patients (p = 0.03). Parameters measured with TAPSE, i.e., positivity of the test, change in wall motion score index (DeltaWMSI and peak WMSI) were significantly related to mortality in medically treated patients but not in revascularized patients. At multivariate analysis, DeltaWMSI remained the most powerful predictor of cardiac death in medically treated patients (p = 0.005). Mortality progressively increased with increments in extent of inducible ischemia among medically treated patients (5 of 71 patients in DeltaWMSI 0, 3 of 27 in DeltaWMSI 0 to 25, 11 of 37 patients in DeltaWMSI >25) but not among revascularized patients (3 of 58 patients in DeltaWMSI 0, 2 of 51 in DeltaWMSI 0 to 25, 3 of 51 patients in DeltaWMSI >25). The survival curve in medically treated patients with ischemia in a remote zone (24 patients, 8 deaths) was worse than in other groups of medically treated patients (41 patients, 6 deaths). In conclusion, in patients with known CAD, the presence and extent of ischemia as evaluated with TAPSE worsens survival, if revascularization is not performed. In patients without ischemia at TAPSE, revascularization or medical therapy are equally effective. PMID:16516580

Golia, Giorgio; Anselmi, Maurizio; Pilati, Mara; Pesarini, Gabriele; Rossi, Andrea; Rossetti, Lucia; Vassanelli, Corrado

2006-03-15

25

Total Arterial Off-pump Coronary Revascularization with a Bilateral Internal Mammary Artery Y Graft (208 cases)  

PubMed Central

Objective: The aim was to evaluate the early outcome of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) with a bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) Y configuration graft to achieve total arterial myocardial revascularization. Materials and Methods: From October 2002 to December 2008, 208 patients (196 male and 12 female patients) underwent OPCABG by only using a BIMA Y configuration graft. The average age of the patients was 56.5±11.3 years, with the age range being 33–78 years. A total of 167 (80.2%) cases had triple-vessel disease. Left main stem disease was found in 33 (15.9%) cases, and double-vessel disease was found in 8 (3.9%) cases. The semiskeletonization skill was used to harvest the two IMAs, and then the free right internal mammary artery was anastomosed end-to-side to the in situ left internal mammary artery to composite a Y configuration graft. Off-pump and sequential anastomosis methods were used to perform coronary artery bypass surgery for the patients. Graft patency was assessed by using the HT311 transit time flowmeter (USA Transonic Systems Inc.), intraoperatively. Results: We performed distal anastomoses of the grafts in 728 patients, the average being 3.5±1.3 per person. No one died and got recurrent angina within 30 days after operation. Conclusion: OPCABG by using the BIMA Y graft was safe and effective to achieve total arterial revascularization, and avoid surgical operation on the ascending aorta, and other incisions. PMID:23066455

Yang, Jun-Feng; Zhang, Hong-Chao; Gu, Cheng-Xiong; Wei, Hua

2012-01-01

26

Surgical Revascularization for Acute Coronary Insufficiency: Analysis of Risk Factors for Hospital Mortality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. A retrospective study of 444 patients undergoing urgent and emergent coronary artery bypass grafting for acute coronary insufficiency was performed to identify the risk factors for hospital death specifically associated with the clinical severity of the acute coronary insufficiency syndrome.Methods. The patients were divided into three groups—urgent, emergent A, and emergent B—on the basis of the evolution of the

Biagio Tomasco; Antonino Cappiello; Rosario Fiorilli; Archimede Leccese; Raniero Lupino; Antonio Romiti; Ugo F Tesler

1997-01-01

27

Canadian Cardiovascular Society/Canadian Association of Interventional Cardiology/Canadian Society of Cardiac Surgery Position Statement on Revascularization-Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease.  

PubMed

This position statement addresses issues in revascularization for multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) from the perspective of both cardiologists and cardiac surgeons. Recommendations are made based on evidence from clinical trials and observational studies, with an emphasis on the increasing number of individuals with significant comorbid disease burden and functional debilitation who are being referred for definitive management of their multivessel CAD in the context of routine clinical practice. These types of individuals have traditionally not been included in the many clinical trials that have been the basis for guidelines and recommendations, and the objective of the proposed medical intervention or revascularization (or both) would not necessarily be to improve prognosis but to improve quality of life. One purpose of this document is to propose practical multidisciplinary approaches to the management of these patients. Recommendations are made for revascularization in acute coronary syndromes and stable CAD, with specific considerations for individuals with left ventricular dysfunction and heart failure, chronic renal failure, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. We also consider the use of various risk scores, including the Society of Thoracic Surgeons score, the EuroSCORE, and the SYNTAX II score. The importance of a heart team approach is also emphasized. The complementary role of coronary bypass surgery and percutaneous coronary intervention is highlighted, along with the importance of optimal medical therapy. PMID:25475448

Teo, Koon K; Cohen, Eric; Buller, Christopher; Hassan, Ansar; Carere, Ronald; Cox, Jafna L; Ly, Hung; Fedak, Paul W; Chan, Kwan; Légaré, Jean-Francois; Connelly, Kim; Tanguay, Jean-Francois; Ye, Jian; Gupta, Milan; John Mancini, G B; Dagenais, Gilles; Williams, Randall; Teoh, Kevin; Latter, David A; Townley, Richard; Meyer, Steven R

2014-12-01

28

Early Risk of Mortality after Coronary Artery Revascularization in Patients with Left Ventricular Dysfunction and Potential Role of the Wearable Cardioverter Defibrillator  

PubMed Central

Background Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantation for prevention of sudden cardiac death is typically deferred for 90 days after coronary revascularization, but mortality may be highest early after cardiac procedures in patients with ventricular dysfunction. We determined mortality risk in post-revascularization patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ?35% and compared survival to those discharged with a wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD). Methods and Results Hospital survivors after surgical (CABG) or percutaneous (PCI) revascularization with LVEF?35% were included from Cleveland Clinic and national WCD registries. Kaplan-Meier, Cox proportional hazards, propensity score-matched survival and hazard function analyses were performed. Early mortality hazard was higher among 4149 patients discharged without a defibrillator compared to 809 with WCDs (90-day mortality post-CABG 7% vs. 3%, p=0.03; post-PCI 10% vs. 2%, p<0.0001). WCD use was associated with adjusted lower risks of long-term mortality in the total cohort (39%, p<0.0001) and both post-CABG (38%, p=0.048) and post-PCI (57%, p<0.0001) cohorts (mean follow-up 3.2 years). In propensity-matched analyses, WCD use remained associated with lower mortality (58% post-CABG, p=0.002; 67% post-PCI, p<0.0001). Mortality differences were not attributable solely to therapies for ventricular arrhythmia. Only 1.3% of the WCD group had a documented appropriate therapy. Conclusions Patients with LVEF?35% have higher early compared to late mortality after coronary revascularization, particularly after PCI. As early hazard appeared less marked in WCD users, prospective studies in this high risk population are indicated to confirm whether WCD use as a bridge to LVEF improvement or ICD implantation can improve outcomes after coronary revascularization. PMID:23275233

Zishiri, Edwin T.; Williams, Sarah; Cronin, Edmond M.; Blackstone, Eugene H.; Ellis, Stephen G.; Roselli, Eric E.; Smedira, Nicholas G.; Gillinov, A. Marc; Glad, Jo Ann; Tchou, Patrick J.; Szymkiewicz, Steven J.; Chung, Mina K.

2013-01-01

29

Successful management of refractory lethal coronary spasm after off-pump coronary bypass grafting.  

PubMed

Coronary artery spasm after coronary artery bypass grafting is a rare cause of acute myocardial infarction. A 68-year-old man who successfully tolerated off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting had a life-threatening spasm at 16 hours postoperatively. Emergent coronary angiography was performed and demonstrated whole vessel spasm of the bilateral coronary arteries and completely patent grafts. Several transcatheter intracoronary injections of vasodilators failed to relieve the spasm completely. After observation in ICU for 4 days with intra-aortic balloon pumping and a high dose of catecholamine, cardiac function was re-established and the patient recovered. PMID:22190422

Hosoba, Soh; Suzuki, Tomoaki; Takashima, Noriyuki; Kinoshita, Takeshi; Kuryanagi, Satoshi; Nota, Hiromitsu; Asai, Tohru

2012-08-20

30

Role of coronary graft flow measurement during reoperations for early graft failure after off-pump coronary revascularization.  

PubMed

Doppler-based techniques of coronary graft flow measurement are frequently used, especially during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), to exclude graft dysfunction resulting from technical errors. Nevertheless, early graft failure in the immediate postoperative period continues to affect a small percentage of patients who may require emergent reoperation as a result of severe hemodynamic deterioration. In this setting, in which coronary angiography is infrequently an option, expeditious intraoperative assessment of previously constructed coronary grafts may be performed by using the Doppler-based technique Transit Time Flow Measurement (TTFM). As a result, the hemodynamic values obtained during reoperations may guide the operative strategy. In this study we report on eight patients who underwent "off-pump" CABG and necessitated early reintervention as a result of presumed graft dysfunction. In these patients, graft dysfunction was confirmed or excluded by using intraoperatively the TTFM technique, comparing newly obtained flow hemodynamic variables with those recorded as a baseline during primary operations. PMID:10875587

Ricci, M; Karamanoukian, H L; Salerno, T A; Dancona, G; Bergsland, J

1999-01-01

31

Surgical coronary revascularization and antiarrhythmic therapy in survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundPatients who survive out-of-hospital cardiac arrest are at high risk for recurrent arrest. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) confers a survival advantage, but it is unclear whether antiarrhythmic drugs or an implanted defibrillator confer added benefit. This study was designed to determine predictors for further treatment, survival, and therapeutic internal cardiac defibrillator (ICD) discharge in this patient population.

Abeel A Mangi; Theodore J Boeve; Gus J Vlahakes; Cary W Akins; Alan D Hilgenberg; Jeremy N Ruskin; Brian M McGovern; David F Torchiana

2002-01-01

32

Consideration of a new definition of clinically relevant myocardial infarction after coronary revascularization: an expert consensus document from the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI).  

PubMed

Numerous definitions have been proposed for the diagnosis of myocardial infarction (MI) after coronary revascularization. The universal definition for MI designates post procedural biomarker thresholds for defining percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)-related MI (type 4a) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)-related MI (type 5), which are of uncertain prognostic importance. In addition, for both the MI types, cTn is recommended as the biomarker of choice, the prognostic significance of which is less well validated than CK-MB. Widespread adoption of a MI definition not clearly linked to subsequent adverse events such as mortality or heart failure may have serious consequences for the appropriate assessment of devices and therapies, may affect clinical care pathways, and may result in misinterpretation of physician competence. Rather than using an MI definition sensitive for small degrees of myonecrosis (the occurrence of which, based on contemporary large-scale studies, are unlikely to have important clinical consequences), it is instead recommended that a threshold level of biomarker elevation which has been strongly linked to subsequent adverse events in clinical studies be used to define a "clinically relevant MI." The present document introduces a new definition for "clinically relevant MI" after coronary revascularization (PCI or CABG), which is applicable for use in clinical trials, patient care, and quality outcomes assessment. PMID:24135581

Moussa, Issam D; Klein, Lloyd W; Shah, Binita; Mehran, Roxana; Mack, Michael J; Brilakis, Emmanouil S; Reilly, John P; Zoghbi, Gilbert; Holper, Elizabeth; Stone, Gregg W

2013-10-22

33

Consideration of a new definition of clinically relevant myocardial infarction after coronary revascularization: an expert consensus document from the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI).  

PubMed

Numerous definitions have been proposed for the diagnosis of myocardial infarction (MI) after coronary revascularization. The universal definition for MI designates post procedural biomarker thresholds for defining percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)-related MI (type 4a) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)-related MI (type 5) which are of uncertain prognostic importance. In addition, for both MI types cTn is recommended as the biomarker of choice, the prognostic significance of which is less well validated than CK-MB. Widespread adoption of a MI definition not clearly linked to subsequent adverse events such as mortality or heart failure may have serious consequences for the appropriate assessment of devices and therapies, may affect clinical care pathways, and may result in misinterpretation of physician competence. Rather than employing an MI definition sensitive for small degrees of myonecrosis (the occurrence of which, based on contemporary large-scale studies, are unlikely to have important clinical consequences), it is instead recommended that a threshold level of biomarker elevation which has been strongly linked to subsequent adverse events in clinical studies be used to define a "clinically relevant MI." The present document introduces a new definition for "clinically relevant MI" after coronary revascularization (PCI or CABG) which is applicable for use in clinical trials, patient care, and quality outcomes assessment. PMID:23894025

Moussa, Issam D; Klein, Lloyd W; Shah, Binita; Mehran, Roxana; Mack, Michael J; Brilakis, Emmanouil S; Reilly, John P; Zoghbi, Gilbert; Holper, Elizabeth; Stone, Gregg W

2014-01-01

34

Early outcome of off-pump versus on-pump coronary revascularization  

PubMed Central

Introduction The use of coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) or without CPB technique (off-pump) can be associated with different mortality and morbidity and their outcomes remain uncertain. The goal of this study was to evaluate the early outcome of on-pump versus off-pump CABG. Methods We conducted a retrospective database review of 13866 patients (13560 patients undergoing on-pump CABG and 306 patients undergoing off-pump CABG) at Tehran Heart Center between January 2002 and January 2007. We compared preoperative, operative, and postoperative characteristics between them. Results In-hospital mortality in the on-pump group was 0.8% compared to 0.7% in the off-pump group (P=0.999) and in-hospital morbidity was 11.7% and 6.5%, respectively (OR: 1.533, 95%CI: 0.902-2.605, P=0.114). Postoperative atrial fibrillation was more prevalent in on-pump versus off-pump surgery (6.0% vs 3.0%, P=0.028), however there were no statistical significant differences in other postoperative complications with regard to cardiac arrest (P=0.733), prolonged ventilation (P=0.363), brain stroke (P=0.999), renal failure (P=0.525), and postoperative bleeding (P=0.999). The mean length of stay in hospital (P=0.156) and in ICU (P=0.498) was also similar between the two groups. Conclusion The results from an Iranian population-based study showed similar early mortality and morbidity of off-pump CABG in comparison to on-pump surgery. PMID:25328605

Davoodi, Saeed; Karimi, Abbasali; Ahmadi, Seyed Hossein; Marzban, Mehrab; Movahhedi, Namvar; Abbasi, Kyomars; Omran, Abbas Salehi; Shirzad, Mahmood; Sheikhvatan, Mehrdad; Abbasi, Seyed Hesameddin; Bina, Payvand

2014-01-01

35

Percutaneous Coronary Intervention to Treat Chronic Total Occlusion: Predictors of Technical Success and One-Year Clinical Outcome  

PubMed Central

We investigated the overall success rate of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) as a treatment for coronary chronic total occlusion and sought to determine the predictive factors of technical success and of one-year major adverse cardiac events (MACE). These factors have not been conclusively defined. Using data from our single-center PCI registry, we enrolled 269 consecutive patients (mean age, 56.13 ± 10.72 yr; 66.2% men) who underwent first-time PCI for chronic total occlusion (duration, ?3 mo) from March 2006 through September 2010. We divided them into 2 groups: procedural success and procedural failure. We compared occurrences of in-hospital sequelae and one-year MACE between the groups, using multivariate models to determine predictors of technical failure and one-year clinical outcome. Successful revascularization was achieved in 221 patients (82.2%). One-year MACE occurred in 13 patients (4.8%), with a predominance of target-vessel revascularization (3.7%). The prevalence of MACE was significantly lower in the procedural-success group (1.8% vs 18.8%; P <0.001). In the multivariate model, technical failure was the only predictor of one-year MACE. The predictors of failed procedures were lesion location, multivessel disease, the occurrence of dissection, a Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade of 0 before PCI, the absence of tapered-stump arterial structure, and an increase in serum creatinine level or lesion length. In our retrospective, observational study, PCI was successful in a high percentage of chronic total occlusion patients and had a low prevalence of complications. This suggests its safety and effectiveness as a therapeutic option. PMID:24512398

Salarifar, Mojtaba; Saroukhani, Sepideh; Nematipour, Ebrahim; Kassaian, Seyed Ebrahim; Alidoosti, Mohammad; Poorhosseini, Hamid-Reza; Haji-Zeinali, Ali-Mohammad; Nozari, Younes; Hosseini, Kianoush; Jalali, Arash

2014-01-01

36

Ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome with or without revascularization: results from the PLATO trial  

PubMed Central

Aims The optimal platelet inhibition strategy for ACS patients managed without revascularization is unknown. We aimed to evaluate efficacy and safety of ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel in the non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) subgroup of the PLATO trial, in the total cohort, and in the subgroups managed with and without revascularization within 10 days of randomization. Methods and results We performed a retrospective analysis of the primary endpoint of cardiovascular death/myocardial infarction/stroke. Among 18 624 PLATO patients, 11 080 (59%) were categorized as NSTE-ACS at randomization. During the initial 10 days, 74% had angiography, 46% PCI, and 5% CABG. In NSTE-ACS patients, the primary endpoint was reduced with ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel [10.0 vs. 12.3%; hazard ratio (HR) 0.83; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.74–0.93], as was myocardial infarction (6.6 vs. 7.7%; HR 0.86; 95% CI = 0.74–0.99), cardiovascular death (3.7 vs. 4.9%; HR 0.77; 95% CI = 0.64–0.93), and all-cause death (4.3 vs. 5.8%; HR 0.76; 95% CI = 0.64–0.90). Major bleeding rate was similar between treatment groups (13.4 vs. 12.6%; HR 1.07; 95% CI = 0.95–1.19), but ticagrelor was associated with an increase in non-CABG major bleeding (4.8 vs. 3.8%; HR 1.28; 95% CI = 1.05–1.56). Within the first 10 days, 5366 (48.4%) patients were managed without revascularization. Regardless of revascularization or not, ticagrelor consistently reduced the primary outcome (HR 0.86 vs. 0.85, interaction P = 0.93), and all-cause death (HR 0.75 vs. 0.73, interaction P = 0.89) with no significant increase in overall major bleeding. Conclusion In patients with NSTE-ACS, benefit of ticagrelor over clopidogrel in reducing ischaemic events and total mortality was consistent with the overall PLATO trial, independent of actually performed revascularization during the initial 10 days. PMID:24727884

Lindholm, Daniel; Varenhorst, Christoph; Cannon, Christopher P; Harrington, Robert A; Himmelmann, Anders; Maya, Juan; Husted, Steen; Steg, Philippe Gabriel; Cornel, Jan H; Storey, Robert F; Stevens, Susanna R; Wallentin, Lars; James, Stefan K

2014-01-01

37

Less invasive coronary artery revascularization with a minimized extracorporeal circulation system: preliminary results of a comparative study with off-pump-procedures  

PubMed Central

Background Coronary-artery-bypass-grafting (CABG) with conventional extracorporeal circulation (CECC) is associated with adverse effects such as systemic inflammatory response leading to a decrease in systemic vascular resistance and hemodynamic instability. Modern "less invasive" procedures have been established recently which potentially avoid negative side effects of CECC. The aim of this study was to compare perioperative outcome following coronary revascularization using either a minimized extracorporeal circuit (Mini-HLM) or off-pump technique (OPCAB). Methods In this prospective ethics-approved trial, 120 patients referred for CABG were randomly assigned either to off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) or to a Mini-HLM procedure. Patient demographics, preoperative characteristics and extensive postoperative outcome were analyzed for both groups. Hemodynamic data were measured at seven time points perioperatively. Results Operation-time was longer in the Mini-HLM group (178,3?±?32,9 min) compared to OPCAB (133,2?±?32,7 min, p?Coronary revascularisation with Mini-HLM represents a suitable and "less invasive" procedure which achieves all benefits of OPCAB but may allow for less demanding revascularisation than OPCAB in special patients with complex coronary anatomy and can therefore be used both on a routine basis and in all "conversion" cases of OPCAB. PMID:23577663

2013-01-01

38

Acute coronary syndrome in a 100-year-old woman treated successfully with primary percutaneous coronary angioplasty  

PubMed Central

We present a case of a 100-year-old woman living alone with ST-elevation myocardial infarction acute coronary syndrome of the infero-lateral wall treated with percutaneous coronary intervention. Coronary angiography revealed critical 99% stenosis in the marginal branch of the circumflex artery and insignificant lesions in other arteries. Two bare metal stents were implanted successfully in the same session. The patient was discharged home in good general condition, able to live and function independently. PMID:24570714

B??kowski, Maciej; Szwed, Hanna; Ciszewski, Andrzej

2013-01-01

39

Analysis of long-term survival after revascularization in patients with chronic kidney disease presenting with acute coronary syndromes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ischemic heart disease is the most common cause of death in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Patients with CKD who develop an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have a poor prognosis, with >70% mortality at 2 years. Despite this heavy burden of disease, the optimal management of ACS in this patient population is unknown. Our goal was to compare the

Ellen C Keeley; Rupin Kadakia; Sandeep Soman; Steven Borzak; Peter A McCullough

2003-01-01

40

Chronic total occlusion in ostium of right coronary artery – retrograde approach as the first-choice method of revascularization?  

PubMed Central

Recanalization of chronic total occlusion (CTO) located in the ostium may require the operator's ability to use the retrograde approach. We present a case of opening a chronically occluded right coronary artery (RCA) by the retrograde approach after an unsuccessful attempt of recanalization by classic antegrade technique. PMID:24570749

Kameczura, Tomasz; Surowiec, S?awomir; Janu?, Bogdan; Derlaga, Bogus?aw; Dudek, Dariusz; Czarnecka, Danuta

2013-01-01

41

Prevention of restenosis by lovastatin after successful coronary angioplasty  

SciTech Connect

Prevention of restenosis after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) remains a major challenge. To determine whether lovastatin could prevent restenosis, between December 1987 and July 1988, a total of 157 patients undergoing successful PTCA were randomly and prospectively assigned to the lovastatin group or a control group. Seventy-nine patients received lovastatin (20 mg daily if the serum cholesterol level was less than 300 mg/dl and 40 mg daily if the serum cholesterol level was greater than or equal to 300 mg/dl) in addition to conventional therapy (lovastatin group). Seventy-eight patients received conventional therapy alone (control group). Fifty patients in the lovastatin group and 29 in the control group were evaluated with coronary angiography at an interval of 2 to 10 months (mean 4 months). The restenosis rate was evaluated according to the number of patients showing restenosis, the number of vessels restenosed, and the number of PTCA sites restenosed. Restenosis was defined as the presence of greater than 50% stenosis of the PTCA site. In the lovastatin group 6 of 50 patients (12%) had restenosis compared with 13 of 29 patients (44.4%) in the control group (p less than 0.001). When the number of vessels restenosed was considered, only 9 of 72 vessels (12.5%) restenosed in the lovastatin group compared with 13 of 34 vessels (38.2%) in the control group (p less than 0.002). Similarly, 10 of 80 (12.5%) PTCA sites restenosed in the lovastatin group compared with 15 of 36 (41.7%) in the control group (p less than 0.001).

Sahni, R.; Maniet, A.R.; Voci, G.; Banka, V.S. (Episcopal Hospital, Philadelphia, PA (USA))

1991-06-01

42

When is concomitant aortic valve replacement indicated in patients with mild to moderate stenosis undergoing coronary revascularization?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mild to moderate aortic stenosis is a common finding in patients presenting for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), and\\u000a its management is controversial. However, review of available data suggests a surgical strategy for these patients. Recent\\u000a data demonstrate that 1) progression of aortic stenosis is more rapid in those with leaflet calcification; 2) the addition\\u000a of aortic valve replacement to

A. Marc Gillinov; Mario J. Garcia

2005-01-01

43

Ultra-fast-track anesthetic technique facilitates operating room extubation in patients undergoing off-pump coronary revascularization surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine if implementation of ultra-fast-track anesthetic (UFTA) technique facilitates operating room extubation in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Design: Retrospective review. Setting: Referral center for cardiovascular surgery at a university hospital. Participants: Thirty-seven patients undergoing off-pump CABG surgery. Interventions: Two groups represented UFTA (n = 10) and standard anesthetic (controls, n = 27) techniques.

George N Djaiani; Mohamed Ali; Lee Heinrich; Jay Bruce; Jo Carroll; Jacek Karski; R. J Cusimano; Davy C. H Cheng

2001-01-01

44

Does off-pump coronary revascularization confer superior organ protection in re-operative coronary artery surgery? A meta-analysis of observational studies  

PubMed Central

Off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) has been hypothesised to be beneficial in the high-risk patient population undergoing re-operative coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). In addition, this technique has been demonstrated to provide subtle benefits in end-organ function including heart, lungs and kidney. The aims of this study were to assess whether OPCAB is associated with a lower incidence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and other adverse outcomes in re-operative coronary surgery. Twelve studies, incorporating 3471 patients were identified by systematic literature review. These were meta-analysed using random-effects modelling. Primary endpoints were MACCE and other adverse outcomes including myocardial infarction, stroke, renal dysfunction, low cardiac output state, respiratory failure and atrial fibrillation. A significantly lower incidence of myocardial infarction, stroke, renal dysfunction, low cardiac output state, respiratory failure and atrial fibrillation was observed with OPCAB (OR 0.58; 95% CI (confidence interval) [0.39-0.87]; OR 0.37; 95% CI [0.17-0.79]; OR 0.39; 95% CI [0.24-0.63]; OR 0.14; 95% CI [0.04-0.56]; OR 0.36; 95% CI [0.24-0.54]; OR 0.41; 95% CI [0.22-0.77] respectively). Sub-group analysis using sample size, matching score and quality score was consistent with and reflected these significant findings. Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting reduces peri-operative and short-term major adverse outcomes in patients undergoing re-operative surgery. Consequently we conclude that OPCAB provides superior organ protection and a safer outcome profile in re-operative CABG. PMID:24961148

2014-01-01

45

[ESC/EACTS guidelines on myocardial revascularization : Amendments 2014].  

PubMed

One of the most important treatment principles in interventional cardiology relies on myocardial revascularization by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or surgical placement of coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG). However, in order to apply these principles effectively, it is important to identify patients who require revascularization. Consequently, the appropriate method has to be selected to effectively restore blood flow. Patients will only benefit from the interventional or surgical procedures when those revascularization measures that can cause more harm than good are avoided. In the new European Society of Cardiology and European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (ESC/EACTS) guidelines on myocardial revascularization some new aspects will be addressed. PMID:25406330

Nef, H; Renker, M; Hamm, C W

2014-12-01

46

Rosiglitazone and Outcomes for Patients with Diabetes and Coronary Artery Disease in the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes (BARI 2D) Trial  

PubMed Central

Background Rosiglitazone improves glycemic control for patients with type 2 diabetes, but there remains controversy regarding an observed association with cardiovascular hazard. The cardiovascular effects of rosiglitazone for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) remain unknown. Methods and Results To examine any association between rosiglitazone use and cardiovascular events among patients with diabetes and CAD, we analyzed events among 2368 patients with type 2 diabetes and CAD in the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes (BARI 2D) trial. Total mortality, composite death, myocardial infarction (MI), and stroke, and individual incidence of death, MI, stroke, congestive heart failure (CHF) and fractures, were compared during 4.5 yrs of follow-up among patients treated with rosiglitazone vs. patients not receiving a thiazolidinedione using Cox proportional hazards and Kaplan-Meier analyses including propensity matching. After multivariable adjustment, among patients treated with rosiglitazone, mortality was similar (HR 0.83; 95% CI, 0.58 to 1.18) while there was a lower adjusted incidence of composite death, MI, and stroke (hazard ratio (HR) 0.72; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.55 to 0.93) and stroke (HR 0.36, 95% CI 0.16 to 0.86), and a higher incidence of fractures (HR 1.62, 95% CI 1.05 to 2.51); the incidence of MI (HR 0.77; 95% CI, 0.54 to 1.10) and CHF (HR 1.22, 95%CI, 0.84 to 1.82) were not significantly different. Among propensity matched patients rates of major ischemic cardiovascular events and CHF were not significantly different. Conclusions Among patients with type 2 diabetes and CAD in the BARI 2D trial, neither on-treatment nor propensity matched analysis supported an association of rosiglitazone treatment with an increase in major ischemic cardiovascular events. PMID:23857320

Bach, Richard G.; Brooks, Maria Mori; Lombardero, Manuel; Genuth, Saul; Donner, Thomas W.; Garber, Alan; Kennedy, Laurence; Monrad, E. Scott; Pop-Busui, Rodica; Kelsey, Sheryl F.; Frye, Robert L.

2013-01-01

47

A Multidisciplinary Approach to Unplanned Conversion from Off-Pump to On-Pump Beating Heart Coronary Artery Revascularization in Patients with Compromised Left Ventricular Function  

PubMed Central

Aim. To comparably assess the perioperative risk factors that differentiate off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) grafting cases from those sustaining unplanned conversion to on-pump beating heart (ONCAB/BH) approach, in patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40%. Methods. Perioperative variables were retrospectively assessed in 216 patients with LVEF < 40%, who underwent myocardial revascularization with OPCAB (n = 171) or ONCAB/BH (n = 45) approach. The study endpoints were operative mortality (30-day) and morbidity assessed by length of intensive care unit stay (LOS-ICU), using 2 days as cut-off point. Results. Poor LVEF, increased EuroSCORE II, acute presentation, congestive heart failure, cerebrovascular disease, perioperative renal impairment, clinical status deterioration upon admission and during ICU stay, acute myocardial infarction, and low cardiac output syndrome supported by inotropes and/or balloon-pump counterpulsation were significantly related to ONCAB/BH group (P < 0.05). EuroSCORE II (P = 0.01) and LVEF (P = 0.03) were the most powerful discriminative predictors of intraoperative conversion to ONCAB/BH. Operative mortality was 2.9% in OPCAB and 6.6% in ONCAB/BH group (P = 0.224), while 23.4% participants in OPCAB and 42.2% in ONCAB/BH approach had a LOS-ICU > 2 days (P = 0.007). Conclusions. Patients with LVEF < 40% undergoing ONCAB/BH are subjected to more preoperative comorbidities and implicated ICU stay than their OPCAB counterparts, which influences adversely short-term morbidity, while operative mortality remains unaffected. PMID:25478216

Pitsis, Antonis A.; Ioannidis, George D.; Vasilakos, Dimitrios G.

2014-01-01

48

Recurrent acute coronary events in a patient with primary Antiphospholipid syndrome: successful management with intracoronary stenting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients with Antiphospholipid syndrome usually present with recurrent deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary thromboembolism and thromboembolic stroke. Recurrent coronary events, though reported, are rare. We describe an unusual case of Antiphospholipid syndrome who presented with recurrent acute ischaemic events in two different coronary territories, who was managed successfully with intracoronary stenting.

C. V. Umesan; Aditya Kapoor; Sonia Nityanand; Satyendra Tiwari; Nakul Sinha

1999-01-01

49

Recurrent acute coronary events in a patient with primary antiphospholipid syndrome: successful management with intracoronary stenting.  

PubMed

Patients with Antiphospholipid syndrome usually present with recurrent deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary thromboembolism and thromboembolic stroke. Recurrent coronary events, though reported, are rare. We describe an unusual case of Antiphospholipid syndrome who presented with recurrent acute ischaemic events in two different coronary territories, who was managed successfully with intracoronary stenting. PMID:10522574

Umesan, C V; Kapoor, A; Nityanand, S; Tiwari, S; Sinha, N

1999-09-30

50

Transradial percutaneous coronary interventions: indications, success rates & clinical outcome.  

PubMed

Before ten years, radial artery was discovered as a useful vascular access site for percutaneous coronary procedures. It has the advantage of reduced access site complications but is associated with specific technical challenges in comparison with the transfemoral approach. Although earlier data from a meta-analysis indicated higher procedure failure rates with radial--as compared to femoral access (7.2 vs. 2.4%), more recent data from prospective multicenter studies and large meta analysis showed significantly better outcomes with radial access versus femoral access in contemporary, real-world clinical settings of percutaneous cardiovascular procedures (e.g. PREVAIL-, PRESTO-ACS-studies). This includes also challenging coronary procedures in acute coronary syndromes (NSTEMI and STEMI) where the radial access was associated with fewer bleeding complications leading to better long-term outcomes. Transradial procedure failures can sometimes be due to variation in radial artery anatomy (e.g. vessel diameter, anomalous branching patterns, tortuosity) or risk factors for radial spasms (e.g. smoking, anxiety, vessel diameter, age, gender). Postprocedural radial occlusions (0.6-1.2%) seems strongly be related to these anatomical variances, which possibly may be reduced by the use of smaller catheter, however 5 French lumen diameter guiding catheter include limitations regarding treating options in complex coronary lesion. In conclusion, the transradial access for coronary angiography and interventions is not only to enhance patients comfort, but shows significant better long-term results due to less bleeding complications as compared to the femoral access. PMID:21275296

Dahm, Johannes B; van Buuren, Frank

2010-01-01

51

Successful embolization of iatrogenic ruptured coronary artery using Onyx: a new technique.  

PubMed

Iatrogenic perforation of coronary artery is rare during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI); however the complications are life-threatening. Patients in this clinical setting may be treated either by stent placement, closure of the perforation with fibrin glue or coils, or with emergency bypass surgery. Onyx, a new material that has been used successfully in cerebral arteries, represents a new and safe alternative. The advantage of Onyx is that it is easily injected through a microcatheter and it allows for a longer injection time having also the ability to reach difficult anatomical locations. We present the first case of successful embolization of a right coronary artery perforation during coronary angiography using Onyx. PMID:25110834

Asouhidou, I; Katsaridis, V

2014-12-01

52

Successful angioplasty of three cases of coronary artery dissections using hydrophilic wires  

PubMed Central

Three cases of successful angioplasty of high-grade coronary dissections using hydrophilic wires were reported. Our first case had edge dissection after a stent deployed in the left anterior descending artery, after which we found it impossible to track the second stent over the regular wires, and which was successful when we tried with a stiffer hydrophilic wire. The second had spontaneous coronary artery dissections (SCAD), and the third case was a complicated plaque with multiple stenotic and ectatic segments along with dissection and successful angioplasty carried out using the same wires and without additional hardware. These wires also provided adequate support in tracking the required balloons and stents PMID:25489325

Menon, Rajeev; Kapadia, Anuj

2014-01-01

53

Dissection and re-entry techniques and longer-term outcomes following successful percutaneous coronary intervention of chronic total occlusion.  

PubMed

New techniques involving dissection of the subintimal space and re-entry into the true lumen increase success rates in chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, their long-term safety and efficacy were unknown. This study included a series of consecutive patients who underwent CTO PCI. All patients who did not present events were contacted 12 to 18 months after their PCI. The combined incidence of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, ischemia-driven target-vessel revascularization (TVR), or reocclusion was assessed as our primary outcome. From January 2010 to January 2013, of 212 CTOs treated in our CTO program, 192 (91%) were successfully opened (in 179 patients). Follow-up data were available for 187 CTOs (97.4%), with 82 (44%) that were opened with dissection re-entry and 105 (56%) with conventional wire escalation techniques. At a median follow-up of 398 days, the primary outcome occurred in 18 of 179 CTOs treated (10.7%), driven by TVR. No patient died from cardiac causes. Eleven CTOs (15.2%) treated with dissection re-entry versus 7 CTOs (7.3%) treated with wire escalation presented with the primary outcome (p = 0.17). With multivariate adjustment, dissection re-entry techniques had no significant impact on outcomes. However, treatment of an in-stent occlusion was independently associated with TVR (hazards ratio >6.0, p <0.001). In conclusion, dissection re-entry techniques have minimal impact on long-term outcomes after CTO PCI, which are favorable in most patients. However, treatment of an in-stent occlusion and use of sirolimus-eluting stent were predictors of subsequent adverse outcomes. PMID:25242364

Rinfret, Stéphane; Ribeiro, Henrique Barbosa; Nguyen, Can Manh; Nombela-Franco, Luis; Ureña, Marina; Rodés-Cabau, Josep

2014-11-01

54

Functional Testing Underlying Coronary Revascularisation  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease; Vessel Disease; Stable Angina; Unstable Angina or Stabilized Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction; Patients With ST-elevated Myocardial Infarction; Revascularization of Culprit Coronary Artery

2014-08-08

55

Comparison of outcomes of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction with versus without previous coronary artery bypass grafting (from the Harmonizing Outcomes With Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction [HORIZONS-AMI] trial).  

PubMed

The present substudy from the Harmonizing Outcomes with Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction (HORIZONS-AMI) trial assessed the outcomes and their relation to different antithrombotic regimens in patients with previous coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Of 3,599 patients with information regarding a history of CABG, 105 (2.9%) had previously undergone CABG. Of these 105 patients, 46 were randomized to heparin plus a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor and 59 to bivalirudin. The patients with versus without previous CABG were less frequently triaged to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (83.8% vs 93.2%, p = 0.0002) and had a longer door-to-balloon time (median 1.9 vs 1.6 hours, p = 0.047), lower rates of final Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade 2 to 3 in the intervened vessel (92.6% vs 97.8%, p = 0.007), and less frequent rates of complete or partial ST-segment resolution (66.3% vs 77.6%, p = 0.019). At 3 years, previous CABG was associated with a significantly greater incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (36.4% vs 21.4%, p <0.001) owing to greater rates of mortality (11.2% vs 6.7%, p = 0.08), reinfarction (11.6% vs 7.1%, p = 0.09), stroke (5.1% vs 1.8%, p = 0.013), and ischemic target vessel revascularization (23.6% vs 12.9%, p = 0.005). The outcomes did not differ significantly as a function of the antithrombotic regimen. On multivariate analysis, previous CABG was an independent predictor of 3-year ischemic stroke (hazard ratio 3.57, 95% confidence interval 1.09 to 11.66). Intervention on the saphenous vein graft versus the native vessel predicted 3-year major adverse cardiovascular events (hazard ratio 2.69, 95% confidence interval 1.17 to 6.19). In the HORIZONS-AMI trial, previous CABG was associated with a delay to mechanical reperfusion and lower rates of percutaneous coronary intervention and patency of the infarct related vessel along with worse clinical outcomes. PMID:23465098

Nikolsky, Eugenia; Mehran, Roxana; Yu, Jennifer; Witzenbichler, Bernhard; Brodie, Bruce R; Kornowski, Ran; Brener, Sorin; Xu, Ke; Dangas, George D; Stone, Gregg W

2013-05-15

56

Fractional flow reserve or optical coherence tomography guidance to revascularize intermediate coronary stenosis using angioplasty (FORZA) trial: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background The management of patients with angiographically intermediate coronary lesions is a major clinical issue. Fractional flow reserve provides validated functional insights while optical coherence tomography provides high resolution anatomic imaging. Both techniques may be applied to guide management in case of angiographically intermediate coronary lesions. Moreover, these techniques may be used to optimize the result of percutaneous coronary intervention. We aim to compare the clinical and economic impact of fractional flow reserve versus optical coherence tomography guidance in patients with angiographically intermediate coronary lesions. Methods/Design Patients with at least one angiographically intermediate coronary lesion will be randomized (ratio 1:1) to fractional flow reserve or optical coherence tomography guidance. In the fractional flow reserve arm, percutaneous coronary intervention will be performed if fractional flow reserve value is ?0.80, and will be conducted with the aim of achieving a post-percutaneous coronary intervention fractional flow reserve target value of ?0.90. In the optical coherence tomography arm, percutaneous coronary intervention will be performed if percentage of area stenosis (AS%) is ?75% or 50 to 75% with minimal lumen area <2.5 mm2, or if a major plaque ulceration is detected. In case of percutaneous coronary intervention, optical coherence tomography will guide the procedure in order to minimize under-expansion, malapposition, and edge dissections. Cost load and clinical outcome will be prospectively assessed at one and thirteen months. The assessed clinical outcome measures will be: major cardiovascular events and occurrence of significant angina defined as a Seattle Angina Questionnaire score <90 in the angina frequency scale. Discussion The FORZA trial will provide useful guidance for the management of patients with coronary artery disease by prospectively assessing the use of two techniques representing the gold standard for functional and anatomical definition of coronary plaques. Trial registration Clinicaltrials.gov NCT01824030 PMID:24758510

2014-01-01

57

Left ventricular remodeling after late revascularization correlates with baseline viability.  

PubMed

The ideal management of stable patients who present late after acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is still a matter of conjecture. We hypothesized that the extent of improvement in left ventricular function after successful revascularization in this subset was related to the magnitude of viability in the infarct-related artery territory. However, few studies correlate the improvement of left ventricular function with the magnitude of residual viability in patients who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention in this setting. In 68 patients who presented later than 24 hours after a confirmed first STEMI, we performed resting, nitroglycerin-enhanced, technetium-99m sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomography-myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) before percutaneous coronary intervention, and again 6 months afterwards. Patients whose baseline viable myocardium in the infarct-related artery territory was more than 50%, 20% to 50%, and less than 20% were divided into Groups 1, 2, and 3 (mildly, moderately, and severely reduced viability, respectively). At follow-up, there was significant improvement in end-diastolic volume, end-systolic volume, and left ventricular ejection fraction in Groups 1 and 2, but not in Group 3. We conclude that even late revascularization of the infarct-related artery yields significant improvement in left ventricular remodeling. In patients with more than 20% viable myocardium in the infarct-related artery territory, the extent of improvement in left ventricular function depends upon the amount of viable myocardium present. The SPECT-MPI can be used as a guide for choosing patients for revascularization. PMID:25120390

Goel, Pravin K; Bhatia, Tanuj; Kapoor, Aditya; Gambhir, Sanjay; Pradhan, Prasanta K; Barai, Sukanta; Tewari, Satyendra; Garg, Naveen; Kumar, Sudeep; Jain, Suruchi; Madhusudan, Ponnusamy; Murthy, Siddegowda

2014-08-01

58

Left Ventricular Remodeling after Late Revascularization Correlates with Baseline Viability  

PubMed Central

The ideal management of stable patients who present late after acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is still a matter of conjecture. We hypothesized that the extent of improvement in left ventricular function after successful revascularization in this subset was related to the magnitude of viability in the infarct-related artery territory. However, few studies correlate the improvement of left ventricular function with the magnitude of residual viability in patients who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention in this setting. In 68 patients who presented later than 24 hours after a confirmed first STEMI, we performed resting, nitroglycerin-enhanced, technetium-99m sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomography–myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT–MPI) before percutaneous coronary intervention, and again 6 months afterwards. Patients whose baseline viable myocardium in the infarct-related artery territory was more than 50%, 20% to 50%, and less than 20% were divided into Groups 1, 2, and 3 (mildly, moderately, and severely reduced viability, respectively). At follow-up, there was significant improvement in end-diastolic volume, end-systolic volume, and left ventricular ejection fraction in Groups 1 and 2, but not in Group 3. We conclude that even late revascularization of the infarct-related artery yields significant improvement in left ventricular remodeling. In patients with more than 20% viable myocardium in the infarct-related artery territory, the extent of improvement in left ventricular function depends upon the amount of viable myocardium present. The SPECT–MPI can be used as a guide for choosing patients for revascularization. PMID:25120390

Goel, Pravin K.; Kapoor, Aditya; Gambhir, Sanjay; Pradhan, Prasanta K.; Barai, Sukanta; Tewari, Satyendra; Garg, Naveen; Kumar, Sudeep; Jain, Suruchi; Madhusudan, Ponnusamy; Murthy, Siddegowda

2014-01-01

59

Improved myocardial function during exercise after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty  

SciTech Connect

Fifty-nine consecutive patients with coronary-artery disease undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty were evaluated with radionuclide ventriculography at rest and during exercise before angioplasty (when possible) and afterward, when it was successful. Thirty-eight patients (64%) had an angiographically successful procedure. Three (5%) had coronary occlusion as a complication. Arterial stenosis was reduced from 74 +- 2% to 31 +- 3% (mean +- S.E.M.). The mean ejection fraction was 55 +- 3% during exercise before the procedure. After successful angioplasty, the ejection fraction was unchanged at rest but increased to 62 +- 2% (P < 0.001) during exercise. Regional dysfunction was present during exercise in 94% of the patients before the procedure and in only 8% after successful angioplasty. Of the 38 patients in whom the procedure was successful, 19 had sustained improvement for over six months, and eight for three to six months. Eleven patients had recurrence of symptoms; the second angioplasty was initially successful in nine. In 24 patients remaining asymptomatic for six months (19 after the first procedure and five after the second), the left ventricular ejection fraction during exercise remained stable or improved.

Kent, K.M.; Bonow. R.O.; Rosing, D.R.; Ewels, C.J.; Lipson, L.C.; McIntosh, C.L.; Bacharach, S.; Green, M.; Epstein, S.E.

1982-02-25

60

Anomalous origin of single coronary artery from pulmonary artery: serendipitous diagnosis and successful surgical treatment.  

PubMed

Anomalous origin of a single coronary artery from the pulmonary artery is a rare and potentially fatal congenital heart malformation. Although the actual incidence is not known, it is rarer than anomalous left coronary artery from pulmonary artery. In the absence of other important congenital cardiac anomalies, patients with anomalous origin of a single coronary artery from the pulmonary artery typically experience myocardial ischemia in association with the physiological decrease in the pulmonary vascular resistance that typically occurs over the first few months of life. To our knowledge, there have been only three reported cases of successful surgical correction. We describe a very unusual case in which the diagnosis was made intraoperatively during surgery to close a ventricular septal defect. PMID:25548355

Shetty, Ravi Shankar; Thareen, Jameel Khan; Ramaiah, Anil Kumar Hpalya; Narayan, Ravi; Das, Jayantha Kumar; Chandrashekariah, Mahesh M

2015-01-01

61

Transmyocardial revascularization devices: technology update.  

PubMed

Transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMR) emerged as treatment modality for patients with diffuse coronary artery disease not amendable to percutaneous or surgical revascularization. The procedure entails the creation of laser channels within ischemic myocardium in an effort to better perfuse these areas. Currently, two laser devices are approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for TMR - holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet and CO2. The two devices differ in regard to energy outputs, wavelengths, ability to synchronize with the heart cycle, and laser-tissue interactions. These differences have led to studies showing different efficacies between the two laser devices. Over 50,000 procedures have been performed worldwide using TMR. Improvements in angina stages, quality of life, and perfusion of the myocardium have been demonstrated with TMR. Although several mechanisms for these improvements have been suggested, evidence points to new blood vessel formation, or angiogenesis, within the treated myocardium, as the major contributory factor. TMR has been used as sole therapy and in combination with coronary artery bypass grafting. Clinical studies have demonstrated that TMR is both safe and effective in angina relief long term. The objective of this review is to present the two approved laser devices and evidence for the safety and efficacy of TMR, along with future directions with this technology. PMID:25565905

Kindzelski, Bogdan A; Zhou, Yifu; Horvath, Keith A

2015-01-01

62

Transmyocardial revascularization devices: technology update  

PubMed Central

Transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMR) emerged as treatment modality for patients with diffuse coronary artery disease not amendable to percutaneous or surgical revascularization. The procedure entails the creation of laser channels within ischemic myocardium in an effort to better perfuse these areas. Currently, two laser devices are approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for TMR – holmium:yttrium–aluminum–garnet and CO2. The two devices differ in regard to energy outputs, wavelengths, ability to synchronize with the heart cycle, and laser–tissue interactions. These differences have led to studies showing different efficacies between the two laser devices. Over 50,000 procedures have been performed worldwide using TMR. Improvements in angina stages, quality of life, and perfusion of the myocardium have been demonstrated with TMR. Although several mechanisms for these improvements have been suggested, evidence points to new blood vessel formation, or angiogenesis, within the treated myocardium, as the major contributory factor. TMR has been used as sole therapy and in combination with coronary artery bypass grafting. Clinical studies have demonstrated that TMR is both safe and effective in angina relief long term. The objective of this review is to present the two approved laser devices and evidence for the safety and efficacy of TMR, along with future directions with this technology. PMID:25565905

Kindzelski, Bogdan A; Zhou, Yifu; Horvath, Keith A

2015-01-01

63

Predictive value of low dose dobutamine transesophageal echocardiography and fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography for recovery of regional left ventricular function after successful revascularization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. This study was designed to assess the predictive value of myocardial viability diagnosed by dobutamine transesophageal echocardiography and fluorine (F)-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography for left ventricular functional recovery after revascularization in patients with chronic left ventricular dysfunction.Background. The identification of akinetic but viable myocardium is of particular importance for the selection of patients with a compromised left ventricle

Frank M. Baer; Eberhard Voth; Hans J. Deutsch; Christian A. Schneider; Michael Horst; Ernst R. de Vivie; Harald Schicha; Erland Erdmann; Udo Sechtem

1996-01-01

64

Remote Ischemic Postconditioning: Does It Protect against Ischemic Damage in Percutaneous Coronary Revascularization? Justification and Design of a Randomized Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Myocardial damage that is associated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) partially affects the results of the procedure, and is related to medium-term cardiovascular death. Remote postischemic conditioning might reduce the myocardial lesions that are associated with PCI, but perhaps less so in diabetics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of remote postischemic conditioning in

M. F. Jiménez-Navarro; F. Carrasco-Chinchilla; A. J. Muñoz-García; A. Domínguez-Franco; J. Caballero-Borrego; J. H. Alonso-Briales; J. M. Hernández-García; E. de Teresa-Galván

2011-01-01

65

Successful myocardial revascularization and neurologic recovery in a patient with prolonged refractory cardiac arrest and a chronically occluded left internal carotid artery.  

PubMed Central

Heretofore, the longest successfully treated cardiac arrest reported in the literature, secondary to myocardial ischemia, was one that required 45 minutes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation before coronary bypass surgery. We present a unique case of successful resuscitation after a cardiac arrest secondary to myocardial ischemia. The arrest lasted 78 minutes (30 minutes of closed cardiac massage and 48 minutes of open cardiac massage). As soon as a perfusionist was available, cardiopulmonary bypass was initiated. After completion of the distal anastomosis and upon removal of the aortic cross clamp, the patient spontaneously recovered sinus rhythm for the 1st time since her cardiac arrest 2 hours and 10 minutes earlier. This 70-year-old woman, with a history of chronic occlusion of the left internal carotid artery, recovered fully, without evidence of neurologic or myocardial insult. We believe that vigorous closed and open cardiac massage, followed by cardiopulmonary bypass and the correction of myocardial ischemia, enabled this patient to survive a prolonged refractory cardiac arrest. PMID:7580369

Tovar, E A; Del Campo, C; Landa, D W; Borsari, A

1995-01-01

66

Impact of pre-procedural cardiopulmonary instability in patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (from the Harmonizing Outcomes With Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial).  

PubMed

Rapid reperfusion with primary percutaneous coronary intervention improves survival in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Preprocedural cardiopulmonary instability and adverse events (IAE) may delay reperfusion time and worsen prognosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation between preprocedural cardiopulmonary IAE, door-to-balloon time (DBT), and outcomes in the Harmonizing Outcomes With Revascularization and Stents in AMI (HORIZONS-AMI) trial. Preprocedural cardiopulmonary IAE included sustained ventricular or supraventricular tachycardia or fibrillation requiring cardioversion or defibrillation, heart block or bradycardia requiring pacemaker implantation, severe hypotension requiring vasopressors or intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation, respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Three-year outcomes of patients with and without IAE according to DBT were compared. Among 3,602 patients, 159 (4.4%) had ?1 IAE. DBT did not differ significantly in patients with and without IAE; however, patients with IAE were less likely to have Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) grade 3 flow after percutaneous coronary intervention. Mortality at 3 years was significantly higher in patients with versus those without IAE (17.0% vs 6.3%, p<0.0001), and IAE was an independent predictor of mortality, whereas DBT was not. However, a significant interaction was present such that 3-year mortality was reduced in patients with DBT<99 minutes (the median) versus ?99 minutes to a greater extent in patients with IAE (9.9% vs 20.7%, hazard ratio 0.43, 95% confidence interval 0.16 to 1.16) compared with those without IAE (5.0% vs 7.2%, hazard ratio 0.69, 95% confidence interval 0.50 to 0.95) (p for interaction=0.004). In conclusion, IAE before PCI is an independent predictor of death and identifies a high-risk group in whom faster reperfusion may be particularly important to improve survival. PMID:25118121

Brener, Sorin J; Brodie, Bruce R; Guerchicoff, Alejandra; Witzenbichler, Bernhard; Guagliumi, Giulio; Xu, Ke; Mehran, Roxana; Stone, Gregg W

2014-10-01

67

Percutaneous Recanalization of Coronary Chronic Total Occlusions: Current Devices and Specialized Wire Crossing Techniques  

PubMed Central

Treatment of coronary chronic total occlusions (CTOs) remains a challenging obstacle, posing a considerable barrier to achieving successful complete revascularization. By nature of their complexity, percutaneous CTO interventions are associated with lower rates of procedural success, higher complication rates, greater radiation exposure and longer procedure times compared with non-CTO interventions. In the last few years, development in guidewires, devices and the emergence of new techniques from Japanese centers resulted in higher success rates in the hands of experienced operators. The impact of drug eluting stents on restenosis has improved long-term outcomes after successful recanalization. Successful revascularization is associated with improved long-term survival, reduced symptoms, improved left ventricular function and reduced need for coronary bypass surgery. This paper reviews the current devices and specialized crossing techniques of percutaneous intervention to relieve CTOs. PMID:20514329

2010-01-01

68

Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization  

MedlinePLUS

... from the coronary arteries. But in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), the coronary arteries are clogged and diseased and ... also called TMLR or TMR. TMLR cannot cure CAD, but it may reduce the pain of angina. ...

69

Progressive aneurysmal dilation of coronary arterial fistula after transcatheter closure: successfully treated by a second occlusion device.  

PubMed

We report on a 6-year-old boy with a huge right coronary artery to the right ventricle fistula, who had previously been treated by device closure at the right ventricular exit point. However, 3 years later, the right coronary artery aneurysm showed progressively dilation and compressed the right ventricle. To prevent further complications related to the aneurysm, the proximal part of the aneurysm was successfully occluded by a vascular plug. PMID:25075952

Promphan, Worakan; Prachasilchai, Pimpak; Qureshi, Shakeel A

2014-07-30

70

Successful Endovascular Aneurysm Repair for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in a Patient with Severe Coronary Artery Disease Undergoing Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting  

PubMed Central

It is well known that patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) often have concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD). In cases of AAA with severe CAD requiring coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), two therapeutic strategies regarding the timing of CABG can be considered: staged or simultaneous operations. However, the ideal treatment of patients with large AAA and critical CAD remains controversial. We experienced a case of successful endovascular aneurysm repair after off-pump CABG in a 70-year-old patient who had a huge AAA and critical CAD. PMID:24855606

Kim, Sun Min; Cho, Jae Yeong; Kim, Ju Han; Park, Keun-Ho; Sim, Doo Sun; Hong, Young Joon; Ahn, Youngkeun

2014-01-01

71

Successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention in a centenarian patient with acute myocardial infarction.  

PubMed

A 104-year-old male patient was admitted to the emergency department with chest pain. An electrocardiogram showed ST-segment elevation in the anterior leads. He was immediately taken to the catheterisation laboratory for emergency angiography, which showed thrombotic stenosis at the proximal portion of the left anterior descending (LAD) artery. After intervention on the LAD lesion, successful balloon angioplasty with stenting was performed. Here, we report a case of successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in a centenarian patient with acute myocardial infarction. There are few clinical data on centenarian patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing primary PCI. To the best of best our knowledge, this case is the first reported in the literature where primary PCI was performed on a centenarian patient. PMID:24626570

Aksoy, Sukru; Velibey, Yalcïn; Koroglu, Bayram; Cagdas, Metin; Guzelburc, Ozge; Cam, Nese; Eren, Mehmet

2014-01-01

72

Perioperative tissue Doppler echocardiography and bypass graft flowmetry in patients undergoing coronary revascularization: predictive power for late recovery of regional myocardial function.  

PubMed

To assess if recovery of regional myocardial function can be predicted by perioperative Doppler tissue echocariography, 20 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (mean 4.1 grafts) had serial transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography. Systolic velocities were lower in basal posterior and anterior segments, and higher in the midanterior septum, at intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography compared with preoperative transthoracic echocardiography (-45%, -30%, +18%, respectively), but comparable elsewhere. After bypass, velocities were increased in midposterior, basal lateral, basal anterior, and midanterior septal segments (+41%, 25%, 27%, 44%, respectively, P <.05). Increased velocities in circumflex segments at 6 weeks (midposterior, basal lateral, and midlateral +54%, 45%, 39%, respectively, P <.05) were not predicted by perioperative changes or related to graft flow (transit-time flowmetry; R -0.09, -0.14, and -0.32, respectively, not significant). Myocardial velocities measured by transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography are not comparable in segments with different angles of insonation. Perioperative changes in resting myocardial systolic velocity are highly variable and do not predict late recovery. PMID:12411906

Williams, R Ian; Haaverstad, Rune; Sianos, Georgios; Vourvouri, Eleni; Fraser, Alan G

2002-10-01

73

Successful Aorta-osteal Stenting after Iatrogenic Acute Type-A Aortic Dissection during Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention  

PubMed Central

Background: Iatrogenic acute dissection of the ascending aorta following coronary angiography and percutaneous intervention is rare. This complication, if not managed urgently, can have critical results. Case Report: We present the case of a 70 year-old woman who was treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the right coronary artery (RCA) for acute inferior myocardial infarction; however, the procedure was complicated by anterograde dissection of the RCA with a simultaneous retrograde propagation to the proximal part of the ascending aorta. Successful stenting of the entry point was able to heal the RCA and restrict the retrograde propagation to the ascending aorta. The aortic dissection was monitored by means of computerised tomography and the dissection repaired itself spontaneously within a day. Conclusion: Treatment of the aorta coronary dissection (ACD) by urgent osteal stenting is a less invasive treatment compared with surgical treatment in appropriate cases. We demonstrated that immediate osteal stenting should be performed in ACD.

Bekler, Adem; Özeren, Ali; Gazi, Emine; Temiz, Ahmet; Altun, Burak

2014-01-01

74

Unprotected Left Main Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in a 108-Year-Old Patient  

PubMed Central

With the increase in life expectancy, the proportion of very elderly people is increasing. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in this age group, for which myocardial revascularization is often indicated. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the very elderly bears the inherent risks of complications and mortality, but the potential benefits may outweigh these risks. A number of observational studies, registries, and few randomized controlled trials have shown the safety and feasibility of PCI in octogenarians and nonagenarians. However, PCI is only rarely done in centenarians; so, the outcome of percutaneous coronary revascularization in this age group is largely unknown. PCI in a centenarian with complex CAD is described here; the patient presented with unstable angina despite optimum medical therapy, and surgery was declined. Good angiographic success was followed by non-cardiac complications, which were managed with a multidisciplinary approach. PMID:24653741

Rahman, Afzalur

2014-01-01

75

Balloon postdilation can safely improve the results of successful (but suboptimal) directional coronary atherectomy.  

PubMed

This study investigates whether adjunctive balloon angioplasty can be safely used to improve acute results in cases where directional coronary atherectomy alone has provided a successful (but suboptimal) outcome. Between October 1, 1990, and October 1, 1992, directional coronary atherectomy was performed successfully in 198 of 228 lesions. Individual operators believed that most acute results were satisfactory after atherectomy alone (group I, n = 115) with a minimal lumen diameter that increased from 0.82 +/- 0.45 to 3.21 +/- 0.65 mm after atherectomy, for an acute gain in lumen diameter of 2.39 +/- 0.73 mm and a residual stenosis of 6 +/- 13%. In 42% of lesions (group II, n = 83), however, results were considered suboptimal after atherectomy alone, with a minimal lumen diameter that increased from 0.85 +/- 0.45 to 2.83 +/- 0.64 mm, a smaller acute gain of 1.96 +/- 0.72 mm, and a mean residual stenosis of 17 +/- 14% (although all residual stenoses were < 50%, 19% had a residual stenosis > 30%). Adjunctive balloon angioplasty in these group II lesions provided an additional gain of 0.34 +/- 0.38 mm, bringing the total acute gain for group II lesions to 2.32 +/- 0.78 mm and the residual stenosis to 9 +/- 13%, similar to that of group I patients who underwent atherectomy alone. This strategy resulted in a 7 +/- 13% overall residual stenosis for the study population, with no higher incidence of periprocedural complications or adverse late clinical outcomes in group II patients.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:8213574

Gordon, P C; Kugelmass, A D; Cohen, D J; Breall, J A; Friedrich, S P; Carrozza, J P; Diver, D J; Kuntz, R E; Baim, D S

1993-10-18

76

Successful retrieval of an entrapped guide wire between a deployed coronary stent and severely calcified vessel wall using excimer laser coronary atherectomy.  

PubMed

We report the successful retrieval of an entrapped interventional guide wire between a newly deployed coronary stent and severely calcified vessel wall. Using a buddy wire technique, the stent was deployed at high pressure in a culprit lesion of the left anterior descending (LAD) artery. The buddy wire in the LAD artery was entrapped between the deployed stent and severely calcified vessel wall, as it was not removed before stent deployment, and could not be retrieved. Neither balloon catheters nor a microcatheter were able to be advanced behind the stent over the entrapped guide wire. Excimer laser coronary atherectomy (ELCA) was performed within the stent to modify and soften the calcification behind the deployed stent. Consequently, the entrapped guide wire was retrieved successfully and safely. This case illustrates that ELCA can be utilized to retrieve an entrapped guide wire between a deployed stent and calcified vessel wall. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25195662

Kadohira, Tadayuki; Schwarcz, Aron I; Gregorio, Joseph De

2015-02-01

77

Myonecrosis After Revascularization Procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The detection of elevated cardiac enzyme levels and the occurrence of electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities after revascularization procedures have been the subject of recent controversy. This report represents an effort to achieve a consensus among a group of researchers with data on this subject. Creatine kinase (CK) or CK-MB isoenzyme (CK-MB) elevations occur in 5% to 30% of patients after a

Robert M. Califf; Alaa E. Abdelmeguid; Richard E. Kuntz; Jeffrey J. Popma; Charles J. Davidson; Eric A. Cohen; Neal S. Kleiman; Kenneth W. Mahaffey; Eric J. Topol; Carl J. Pepine; Ray J. Lipicky; Christopher B. Granger; Robert A. Harrington; Barbara E. Tardiff; Brian S. Crenshaw; Robert P. Bauman; Bram D. Zuckerman; Bernard R. Chaitman; John A. Bittl; E. Magnus Ohman

1998-01-01

78

Prolonged Myocardial Hibernation Exacerbates Cardiomyocyte Degeneration and Impairs Recovery of Function After Revascularization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. We sought to define the effects of time on contractile function, morphology and functional recovery after coronary revascularization in patients with dysfunctional but viable (hiber- nating) myocardium. Background. Functional recovery after coronary artery bypass graft surgery in patients with chronic myocardial hibernation is incomplete or delayed. The proposed cause is a progressive temporal degeneration of cardiomyocytes. Methods. In 32

ERNST R. SCHWARZ; FRIEDRICH A. SCHOENDUBE; SAWA KOSTIN; NICOLE SCHMIEDTKE; GERNOT SCHULZ; UDALRICH BUELL; BRUNO J. MESSMER; JOHN MORRISON

79

Prolonged Myocardial Hibernation Exacerbates Cardiomyocyte Degeneration and Impairs Recovery of Function After Revascularization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. We sought to define the effects of time on contractile function, morphology and functional recovery after coronary revascularization in patients with dysfunctional but viable (hibernating) myocardium.Background. Functional recovery after coronary artery bypass graft surgery in patients with chronic myocardial hibernation is incomplete or delayed. The proposed cause is a progressive temporal degeneration of cardiomyocytes.Methods. In 32 patients with multivessel

Ernst R Schwarz; Friedrich A Schoendube; Sawa Kostin; Nicole Schmiedtke; Gernot Schulz; Udalrich Buell; Bruno J Messmer; John Morrison; Peter Hanrath; Juergen vom Dahl

1998-01-01

80

Successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction in a 12-year-old boy with fibromuscular dysplasia: a case report.  

PubMed

Acute myocardial infarction is rarely reported in children. Most of the cases are secondary to congenital anomalies or Kawasaki disease. Coronary artery total occlusion caused by fibromuscular dysplasia has never been reported in young children. Here we report a case of a 12-year-old boy with fibromuscular dysplasia, who underwent successful coronary intervention for acute myocardial infarction. PMID:24438390

Lin, Ming-Chih; Lee, Wen-Lieng; Fu, Yun-Ching

2015-01-01

81

Successful treatment of primary cardiac lymphoma causing ST-elevation myocardial infarction by percutaneous coronary intervention combined with chemotherapy.  

PubMed

A 76-year-old immunocompetent woman presented to our hospital with general fatigue. Her blood pressure was 60/40?mm?Hg and pulse rate was 110?bpm. An electrocardiogram showed ST-elevation in the II, III and aVF leads with complete atrioventricular block. An echocardiogram and CT revealed pericardial effusion and a 6?cm solid tumour lying anterior to the heart. The right coronary artery (RCA) ran through the centre of the tumour, which bulged into the right atrium for 35?mm and vibrated. Emergent coronary angiography revealed 99% stenosis with delay at the proximal RCA; however, intravascular ultrasound showed no atheromatous changes, and the RCA was compressed by the extravascular mass. Successful coronary stenting improved the coronary flow. The following day, a biopsy was performed via thoracotomy without any events, the results of which showed diffuse-type large B-cell lymphoma histologically. Chemotherapy gradually reduced the tumour size, and the patient became stable haemodynamically. PMID:25404253

Nagatomo, Daisuke; Oyama, Jun-Ichi; Yoshihara, Mari; Node, Koichi

2014-01-01

82

Different Impact of Diabetes Mellitus on In-Hospital and 1-Year Mortality in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction Who Underwent Successful Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Results from the Korean Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry  

PubMed Central

Background/Aims The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of diabetes mellitus (DM) on in-hospital and 1-year mortality in patients who suffered acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and underwent successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods Among 5,074 consecutive patients from the Korea AMI Registry with successful revascularization between November 2005 and June 2007, 1,412 patients had a history of DM. Results The DM group had a higher mean age prevalence of history of hypertension, dyslipidemia, ischemic heart disease, high Killip class, and diagnoses as non-ST elevation MI than the non-DM group. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and creatinine clearance were lower in the DM group, which also had a significantly higher incidence of in-hospital and 1-year mortality of hospital survivors (4.6% vs. 2.8%, p = 0.002; 5.0% vs. 2.5%, p < 0.001). A multivariate analysis revealed that independent predictors of in-hospital mortality were Killip class IV or III at admission, use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin-II receptor blockers, LVEF, creatinine clearance, and a diagnosis of ST-elevated MI but not DM. However, a multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that DM was an independent predictor of 1-year mortality (hazard ratio, 1.504; 95% confidence interval, 1.032 to 2.191). Conclusions DM has a higher association with 1-year mortality than in-hospital mortality in patients with AMI who underwent successful PCI. Therefore, even when patients with AMI and DM undergo successful PCI, they may require further intensive treatment and continuous attention. PMID:22707890

Park, Keun-Ho; Jeong, Myung Ho; Chae, Shung Chull; Hur, Seung Ho; Kim, Young Jo; Seong, In Whan; Chae, Jei Keon; Hong, Taek Jong; Cho, Myeong Chan; Bae, Jang Ho; Rha, Seung Woon; Jang, Yang Soo

2012-01-01

83

Recovery of regional myocardial dysfunction after successful coronary angioplasty early after a non-Q wave myocardial infarction  

SciTech Connect

More aggressive therapy has been suggested for patients who have a non-Q wave myocardial infarction (MI) because of the frequency of subsequent unstable angina, recurrent MI, and high mortality rate compared to patients with Q wave MI. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of coronary angioplasty on regional myocardial function of the infarct zone in patients with angina early after a non-Q wave MI. The study population consisted of 36 patients undergoing successful coronary angioplasty within 30 days of a non-Q wave MI, in whom sequential left ventricular angiograms of adequate quality were obtained before the initial procedure and at follow-up angiography. The global ejection fraction increased significantly from 60 +/- 9% to 67 +/- 6% (p = 0.0003). This significant increase in the global ejection fraction was primarily due to a significant improvement in the regional myocardial function of the infarct zone. The results of the present study show not only that ischemic attacks early after a non-Q wave MI may lead to prolonged regional myocardial dysfunction but more important that this depressed myocardium has the potential to achieve normal contraction after successful coronary angioplasty.

Suryapranata, H.; Serruys, P.W.; Beatt, K.; De Feyter, P.J.; van den Brand, M.; Roelandt, J. (University Hospital Rotterdam (Netherlands))

1990-08-01

84

The history of arterial revascularization: from Kolesov to Tector and beyond  

PubMed Central

Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the one of the most effective revascularization strategies for patients with obstructive coronary artery disease. Total arterial revascularization using one or both internal thoracic and radial arteries has been shown to improve early outcomes and reduce long-term cardiovascular morbidity. Although CABG has evolved from an experimental procedure in the early 1900’s to become one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures, there is still significant variation in grafting strategies amongst surgeons. We review the history and development of CABG with a particular emphasis on the early pioneers and the evolution of arterial grafting. PMID:23977617

Galvin, Sean D.

2013-01-01

85

Successful management of Ellis type III left anterior descending artery perforation following percutaneous coronary intervention by a covered stent: Successfully resolved the dramatic complication  

PubMed Central

Coronary artery perforation is a rare but catastrophic complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Grade III coronary perforation and rupture invariably results in pericardial effusion and tamponade requiring urgent pericardiocentesis. Advances in coronary intervention have increased the opportunity to treat coronary artery perforation. We are reporting a case of 55 years old hypertensive female who presented with effort angina. Coronary angiogram revealed significant stenosis in the left anterior descending coronary artery. Post PCI, she had Ellis type III coronary perforation and pericardial tamponade and cardiogenic shock. The patient was resuscitated, pericardiocentesis done, autologous blood transfusion given and covered stent deployed. PMID:24653590

Srinivas, Sunil Kumar; Patra, Soumya; Ramalingam, Rangaraj; Agrawal, Navin; Syed, Tanveer; Shankarappa, Ravindranath K.; Manjunath, Cholenahalli Nanjappa

2014-01-01

86

Successful repair for a giant coronary artery aneurysm with coronary arteriovenous fistula complicated by both right- and left-sided infective endocarditis.  

PubMed

We report a rare case of a 65-year-old woman who underwent an emergent lifesaving heart operation for an undiagnosed right coronary artery aneurysm with a coronary arteriovenous fistula complicated by active infective endocarditis, which affected the aortic valve, mitral valve, and coronary sinus. We performed direct closure of the coronary arteriovenous fistula, ligation of the right coronary artery aneurysm, double coronary artery bypass grafting, and double valvular replacement. Five years after the operation, she had no sign of congestive heart failure or infection, and was not receiving antibiotics. PMID:19830518

Umezu, Kentaro; Hanayama, Naoji; Toyama, Akihiko; Hobo, Kyoko; Takazawa, Arifumi

2009-10-01

87

A successful patch angioplasty with auto-pulmonary wall for congenital coronary left main trunk occlusion in a young child.  

PubMed

Congenital occlusion of the left main coronary trunk is a life-threatening abnormality, and its optimal management remains controversial. This report describes a case of successful patch angioplasty with auto-pulmonary artery for a 12-year-old boy with congenital left main trunk occlusion. We divided the main pulmonary artery, harvested a pulmonary artery wall strip, and performed patch angioplasty of the occluded left main trunk ostium. We were able to clearly expose the left main trunk behind the pulmonary artery because the obstruction was divided for the patch material. The postoperative course was uneventful, and coronary angiography at 4 months after surgery showed excellent patency of the left main trunk. The auto-pulmonary arterial wall was easy to handle during angioplasty, and its favorable durability has been established both in the Ross procedures and in an arterial switch procedure. Therefore, we conclude that patch angioplasty using a piece of the pulmonary arterial wall represents a good alternative to conventional coronary artery bypass grafting. PMID:24113996

Terada, Takafumi; Sakurai, Hajime; Nonaka, Toshimichi; Sakurai, Takahisa; Sugiura, Junya; Taneichi, Tetsuyoshi; Ohtsuka, Ryohei

2013-10-11

88

Chronic total coronary occlusions in patients with stable angina pectoris: impact on therapy and outcome in present day clinical practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Chronic total coronary occlusions (CTOs) represent a subgroup of coronary lesions with a low procedural success and high recurrence\\u000a rate. However, there is evidence for a prognostic benefit of revascularizing a CTO.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Objective  This study assessed the prevalence of CTOs among patients with stable angina pectoris and its impact on therapeutic strategies.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Between 2001 and 2003, a survey was conducted in

Gerald S. Werner; Anselm K. Gitt; Uwe Zeymer; Claus Juenger; Frank Towae; Harm Wienbergen; Jochen Senges

2009-01-01

89

Successful recanalization of a left circumflex artery jailed with a polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stent after coronary perforation during stent implantation in the left main bifurcation.  

PubMed

An 88-year-old woman underwent emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to treat circulatory collapse with severe stenosis in the distal left main coronary artery (LMCA). After 3.5/18-mm stent deployment from the LMCA to the left anterior descending artery (LAD), coronary perforation occurred in the LAD ostium. Therefore, we implanted a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-covered stent crossing over the left circumflex artery (LCX), and achieved successful hemostasis. Additional PCI was undertaken to recanalize the LCX. A Confienza 8-20 guidewire was able to penetrate the wall of the PTFE-covered stent, and coronary flow was successfully recovered after deployment of a 2.5/8-mm stent in the proximal LCX. PMID:24557981

Taniguchi, Norimasa; Takahashi, Akihiko; Mizuguchi, Yukio; Yamada, Takeshi; Hata, Tetsuya; Nakajima, Shunsuke

2015-01-01

90

[Successful eculizumab treatment for multiple coronary thrombosis complicated in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria].  

PubMed

We herein report a rare case of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) who repeatedly developed coronary arterial thromboembolism. Anticoagulant therapies including heparin, aspirin as an antiplatelet agent and even drug-eluting stent placement in the coronary artery failed to prevent the recurrence of ischemic heart disease. Of note, initiating the administration of a humanized anti-C5 antibody, eculizumab, achieved prompt thrombolysis and maintenance treatment with eculizumab prevented the recurrence of thromboembolic disease in this patient. Taking these observations together, we suggest that the use of eculizumab be considered for treatment or prevention of arterial thrombosis complicated by PNH, although arterial thrombosis is an extremely rare event in the Japanese population. PMID:25186487

Taniguchi, Ayuko; Ikezoe, Takayuki; Takeuchi, Asako; Togitani, Kazuto; Yoshimoto, Mitsuhiro; Tanioka, Katsutoshi; Kitaoka, Hiroaki; Yokoyama, Akihito

2014-08-01

91

Successful transcatheter patent ductus arteriosus occluder embolization of a congenital left coronary artery aneurysm and fistulas draining into the right atrium.  

PubMed

Coronary artery aneurysms and fistulas are very rare congenital anomalies. They occur in 0.2%-0.4% of all congenital heart diseases. In this article, we report a case of a 39-year-old girl with a left coronary artery aneurysm and fistula draining into the right atrium. An intervention is successfully achieved by transcatheter occluder embolization using a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) occluder. PMID:22673605

Wang, Hongyong; Luo, Xiaoli; Wang, Wei; Wang, Xukai; Yang, Chengming; Zeng, Chunyu

2012-01-01

92

Therapeutic neovascularization for coronary disease: current state and future prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite advances in surgical and percutaneous revascularization techniques, nearly one-third of patients with ischemic coronary\\u000a artery disease are not candidates for revascularization due to suboptimal anatomy or receive suboptimal revascularization\\u000a from these standard procedures. Neovascularization of the myocardium is not only a physiologic response to ischemia, but also\\u000a potentially the target of new therapeutic strategies. Induced angiogenesis via protein, gene,

Antonio D. Lassaletta; Louis M. Chu; Frank W. Sellke

93

Catheter-induced left main coronary artery dissection resulting in abrupt closure and cardiac arrest: successful stenting during resuscitation.  

PubMed

Catheter-induced left main coronary artery dissection is an uncommon but devastating complication of coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention. We present a case of left main coronary artery dissection induced with a guide catheter, which resulted in acute occlusion and cardiac arrest. Survival and complete functional recovery were achieved with bailout stenting. PMID:17404412

Ozdol, Cagdas; Oral, Dervis; Tutar, Eralp

2007-04-01

94

Angiogenesis and growth factor expression in a model of transmyocardial revascularization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The mechanism by which transmyocardial revascularization (TMR) exerts a beneficial effect remains unknown. We hypothesize that the myocardial punctures of TMR cause a myocardial injury, leading to an angiogenic response mediated by a number of growth factors.Methods. Fifty-three rats underwent ligation of the left coronary artery. Group I (n = 25) served as controls, whereas group II (n =

Marc P. Pelletier; Adel Giaid; Sujith Sivaraman; Julia Dorfman; Carlos M. Li; Anie Philip; Ray C.-J. Chiu

1998-01-01

95

Long-Term Survival After Surgical Revascularization for Moderate Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. We sought to characterize patient survival and degree of late mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients undergoing surgical revascularization with moderate ischemic MR. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed 251 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery between 1991 and 2001 with 3 ischemic MR, including 31 patients who had concomitant mitral annuloplasty. Univariate and multivariable testing was employed. Results. Actuarial

Daniel R. Wong; Arvind K. Agnihotri; Judy W. Hung; Gus J. Vlahakes; Cary W. Akins; Alan D. Hilgenberg; Joren C. Madsen; Thomas E. MacGillivray; Michael H. Picard; David F. Torchiana

2010-01-01

96

Successful Transfection of Genes Using AAV-2/9 Vector in Swine Coronary and Peripheral Arteries  

PubMed Central

Background Gene therapy has attracted attention for its potential to treat several cardiovascular diseases. The use of adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors to facilitate therapeutic gene transfer to suppress intimal hyperplasia is a promising concept. The objective of this study was to analyze the in vivo transduction of a novel recombinant AAV-2/9 vector with SM22? promoter, containing ?-galactosidase gene (Lac Z) or green fluorescent protein (GFP) as reporter genes, to the medial layer smooth muscle cells (SMCs) of swine coronary and peripheral arteries. Methods The AAV2/9 vector containing SM22? (1×1013 pfu) were administered into carotid/femoral/coronary arteries of domestic swine using irrigating balloon catheter-based gene delivery. Following gene transfer, cryosections of arteries were processed for X-Gal and GFP analysis. Fluorescence microscopy and Western blotting were done to analyze the GFP expression in the SMCs. Results LacZ mRNA expression was visualized in the medial layer 7 days after vector administration. The GFP expression was detected at 7th day and lasted for at least 2 months showing the longer-lasting expression of the AAV2/9-vector. Control arteries did not show any expression of GFP or LacZ. There was no significant effect of AAV2/9 viral transduction on serum amylase, fibrinogen and serum CRP levels. Conclusion These finding support the use of AAV2/9 as a vector to effectively transduce a gene in SMCs of coronary and peripheral arteries without causing inflammation. PMID:21529824

Pankajakshan, Divya; Makinde, Toluwalope O.; Gaurav, Rohit; Del Core, Michael; Hatzoudis, George; Pipinos, Iraklis; Agrawal, Devendra K.

2011-01-01

97

Successful treatment of a common hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm using a coronary covered stent following pancreatoduodenectomy: report of a case.  

PubMed

This report presents the case of a common hepatic artery (CHA) pseudoaneurysm secondary to postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD), which was successfully treated using a coronary covered stent. A 70-year-old female underwent subtotal stomach-preserving PD for middle cholangiocarcinoma. POPF was identified on postoperative day (POD) 7, and the patient suddenly lost 500 ml of blood via the abdominal drain on POD 19. Urgent celiac arteriography revealed a CHA pseudoaneurysm. A coronary covered stent was placed to prevent rupture of the pseudoaneurysm and to maintain hepatic arterial flow, instead of performing transarterial embolization. No vascular adverse events were encountered during or after the procedure. Computed tomography and angiography showed a patent stent graft and good hepatic arterial flow 9 months after placement of the stent. Endovascular stent-graft placement not only treated the pseudoaneurysm, but also preserved the arterial blood flow. This report describes the placement of a covered stent graft for delayed hemorrhage after PD. PMID:22932840

Asai, Koji; Watanabe, Manabu; Kusachi, Shinya; Matsukiyo, Hiroshi; Saito, Tomoaki; Kodama, Hajime; Enomoto, Toshiyuki; Nakamura, Yoichi; Okamoto, Yasushi; Saida, Yoshihisa; Iijima, Raisuke; Nagao, Jiro

2014-01-01

98

Intraoperative evaluation of revascularization effect on ischemic muscle hemodynamics using near-infrared diffuse optical spectroscopies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Arterial revascularization in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) reestablishes large arterial blood supply to the ischemic muscles in lower extremities via bypass grafts or percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). Currently no gold standard is available for assessment of revascularization effects in lower extremity muscles. This study tests a novel near-infrared diffuse correlation spectroscopy flow-oximeter for monitoring of blood flow and oxygenation changes in medial gastrocnemius (calf) muscles during arterial revascularization. Twelve limbs with PAD undergoing revascularization were measured using a sterilized fiber-optic probe taped on top of the calf muscle. The optical measurement demonstrated sensitivity to dynamic physiological events, such as arterial clamping/releasing during bypass graft and balloon inflation/deflation during PTA. Significant elevations in calf muscle blood flow were observed after revascularization in patients with bypass graft (+48.1 +/- 17.5%) and patients with PTA (+43.2 +/- 11.0%), whereas acute post-revascularization effects in muscle oxygenation were not evident. The decoupling of flow and oxygenation after revascularization emphasizes the need for simultaneous measurement of both parameters. The acute elevations/improvements in calf muscle blood flow were associated with significant improvements in symptoms and functions. In total, the investigation corroborates potential of the optical methods for objectively assessing the success of arterial revascularization.

Yu, Guoqiang; Shang, Yu; Zhao, Youquan; Cheng, Ran; Dong, Lixin; Saha, Sibu P.

2011-02-01

99

Successful Covering of a Hepatic Artery Aneurysm with a Coronary Stent Graft  

SciTech Connect

In a 54-year-old woman with liver cirrhosis who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation, the postoperative course was complicated by aneurysm formation in the hepatic artery. Abdominal ultrasonography showed a daily increase in the size of the aneurysm in spite of careful management including strict rest and continuous intravenous infusion of antihypertensive agents. Since the patient's poor systemic status was a major obstruction to operative resection, transcatheter therapy was thought more preferable. We evaluated the lesion with intravascular ultrasonography as an adjunct to angiography and a dissection with a flap was well visualized. The aneurysm was covered with a commercially available stent-graft, designed for treatment of the coronary artery. This is a rare case in which a Jostent was implanted into the hepatic artery after liver transplantation.

Sakai, Hidetsugu; Urasawa, Kazushi; Oyama, Naotsugu; Kitabatake, Akira [Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine (Japan)

2004-09-15

100

A comparison of directional atherectomy with coronary angioplasty in patients with coronary artery disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND. Directional coronary atherectomy is a new technique of coronary revascularization by which atherosclerotic plaque is excised and retrieved from target lesions. With respect to the rate of restenosis and clinical outcomes, it is not known how this procedure compares with balloon angioplasty, which relies on dilation of the plaque and vessel wall. We compared the rate of restenosis after

Eric J. Topol; Ferdinand Leya; Cass A. Pinkerton; Patrick L. Whitlow; Berthold Hofling; Charles A. Simonton; Ronald R. Masden; Patrick W. Serruys; Martin B. Leon; David O. Williams; Spencer B. King; B. Daniel; D. B. Mark; J. M. Isner; D. R. Holmes; S. G. Ellis; K. L. Lee; G. P. Keeler; L. G. Berdan; T. Hinohara; R. M. Califf

1993-01-01

101

[Role of percutaneous coronary intervention in diabetic patients].  

PubMed

Clinical outcomes after revascularization, both for surgery and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), is significantly worse in diabetic patients compared with non-diabetic patients. While in acute coronary syndrome, PCI is favored because of the increased risk of surgery performed during ongoing infarction, in stable patients assessment of clinical factors, such as coronary anatomy and comorbidities should guide decision of the revascularization modality (e.g., surgical, PCI, or conservative). Surgery should be favored in patients with multivessel coronary disease and acceptable surgical risk. Overall, the threshold for surgery compared to PCI should be lower in diabetic patients compared with non-diabetic ones. PMID:23789182

Gencer, B; Noble, S; Bonvini, R F; Mach, F; Roffi, M

2013-05-29

102

Two-staged stent-assisted angioplasty treatment strategy for severe left main coronary distal bifurcation stenosis associated with the right coronary chronic total occlusion  

PubMed Central

A 63-year-old female patient, with history of 8-year hypertension and 10-year hyperlipidemia, presented with severe left main coronary bifurcation stenosis (LMCS) associated with the right coronary artery chronic total occlusion (CTO-RCA). On the day of admission, she received drug treatment with aspirin, clopidogrel, heparin, statins, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and ?-blocker. On the next day, she underwent CTO recanalization with 6F guiding-catheter and two rapamycin-eluting stents, and showed no postoperative discomfort after interventional treatment. Considering having hypertensive nephropathy and chronic renal insufficiency, the patient then received intravenous saline full hydration therapy. Two weeks after successful completion of the RCA revascularization, the original collateral circulation in the blood flow from the LMC to RCA became two-way flow. Under the safe and reliable protective condition, staged percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with 6F XB3.0 guiding catheter and rapamycin-eluting stents was applied to treat the LMCL. 9-month postoperative follow-up with coronary computed tomographic imaging showed no restenosis inside the original stent, without any myocardial ischemic event. Our successful approach to turn the original unprotected LMCS combined with CTO-RCA into a protective one reduces the interventional risk and provides additional option besides coronary artery bypass graft surgery to treat such complex coronary artery disease (CAD). PMID:25550977

Yang, Yong-Yao; Wu, Qiang

2014-01-01

103

Success and Challenges of a Community Healthy Lifestyles Intervention in Merseyside (UK) to Target Families at Risk from Coronary Heart Disease  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To document the lifestyle health impacts (activity, diet and physiological), along with the operational success and challenges, of a programme for families presenting one or more coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factor. Design: Data are based on a wider evaluation of a government-funded community initiative conducted in a deprived area…

Peerbhoy, D.; Majumdar, A. J.; Wightman, N. A.; Brand, V. L.

2008-01-01

104

The age, creatinine, and ejection fraction score to risk stratify patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention of coronary chronic total occlusion.  

PubMed

Age, creatinine, and ejection fraction (ACEF) score predict clinical outcomes in patients who underwent elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of nonocclusive coronary stenoses. We aimed at assessing the prognostic value of the ACEF score in patients who underwent successful PCI of chronic total occlusion (CTO). ACEF score was calculated in 587 patients treated with PCI of CTO: successful in 433 (74%; success group) and failed in 154 patients (26%; failure group). Patients were divided in ACEF tertiles: first <0.950, second from 0.950 to 1.207, and third ACEF tertile >1.207. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE = overall death + nonfatal myocardial infarction + clinically driven target vessel revascularization) were assessed in 558 patients (95%) up to 24 months (8 to 24 months). In success group, higher MACE rate was significantly associated with increasing ACEF tertile (first = 7%, second = 13%, third ACEF = 18%, p = 0.02). MACE-free survival was significantly decreased with increasing ACEF tertile (log-rank 5.58, p = 0.018). In the failure group, lower MACE rate was significantly associated with increasing ACEF tertile (p = 0.041). This was mainly driven by significant decreasing rate of target vessel revascularization along the tertiles (first = 34%, second = 19%, third ACEF = 10%, p = 0.007). Compared with success group, in failure group, MACE rate was significantly higher in the first tertile (p <0.001) and similar in the third tertile (p = 0.59). In conclusion, ACEF score represents a simple tool in the prognostication of patients successfully treated with PCI of CTO and identifies those patients who would not derive any significant clinical harm despite failed percutaneous revascularization of the CTO. PMID:25152423

Di Serafino, Luigi; Borgia, Francesco; Maeremans, Joren; Pyxaras, Stylianos A; De Bruyne, Bernard; Wijns, William; Heyndrickx, Guy; Dens, Jo; Di Mario, Carlo; Barbato, Emanuele

2014-10-15

105

Treatment of refractory angina in patients not suitable for revascularization.  

PubMed

A growing number of patients, particularly those with advanced, chronic coronary artery disease, experience symptoms of angina that are refractory to treatment with ?-blockers, calcium-channel blockers, and long-acting nitrates, despite revascularization. The management of patients with refractory angina who are unsuitable for further revascularization is strikingly different across the world, and is contingent on local resources and available expertise. Mortality in this patient population has decreased, but enhancing quality of life remains a challenge. New treatment principles are emerging in current practice, such as metabolic modulation, therapeutic angiogenesis, and novel interventional techniques (coronary in-flow redistribution and approaches to chronic total occlusion). The contemporary management of refractory angina encourages individualized, patient-centred care in interdisciplinary, specialized clinics. Global initiatives are required to address complex clinical problem-solving for patients with refractory angina. In this Review, we discuss the epidemiology of refractory angina, and provide an update on the pharmacological, noninvasive, and interventional options that are available to these patients or are under development. PMID:24366073

Henry, Timothy D; Satran, Daniel; Jolicoeur, E Marc

2014-02-01

106

Investigation of myocardial photodynamic revascularization method on ischemic rat myocardium model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ischemic heart disease is one of the leading reasons of invalidisation and death rate of able-bodied citizens in the world. There are many various surgical and medicamentous methods of its treatment for today, however all these methods have restrictions in application. Our work was directed at initiation possibility clarification of ischemic myocardium revascularization by means of making necrosis with photodynamic therapy. The investigation was carried out in rats with the ischemia artificial made by means of left coronary artery ligation. Level of Photosense photosensitizer accumulation in ischemic and normal rat myocardium zones was defined. Myocardial photodynamic revascularization procedure of ischemic rat myocardium was carried out. Morphological analysis of the myocardium preparations showed the presence of active revascularization of ischemic myocardium after photodynamic therapy. The method of ischemia level estimation based on spectral optical definition of blood oxygen saturation was developed.

Vasilchenko, S. Yu.; Stratonnikov, A. A.; Volkova, A. I.; Loschenov, V. B.; Sheptak, E. A.; Kharnas, S. S.

2006-08-01

107

Penile revascularization—contemporary update  

PubMed Central

Contemporary therapies for erectile dysfunction are generally targeted towards older men and universally engage pharmacological and/or device related treatment options. Penile revascularization, using microvascular arterial bypass surgical techniques, is a non-pharmacological, non-device-related, and reconstructive surgical strategy for men with erectile dysfunction that was first described by Dr Vaclav Michal in 1973. Contemporary penile revascularization attempts to ‘cure' pure arteriogenic erectile dysfunction in young men with arterial occlusive pathology in the distal internal pudendal, common penile or proximal cavernosal artery secondary to focal endothelial injury from blunt pelvic, perineal or penile trauma. A microvascular anastomosis is fashioned between the donor inferior epigastric and recipient dorsal penile artery. Increased perfusion pressure is theoretically communicated to the cavernosal artery via perforating branches from the dorsal artery. This article will review the history, indications and pathophysiology of blunt trauma-induced focal arterial occlusive disease in young men with erectile dysfunction, current surgical techniques utilized and results of surgery. Contemporary use of penile revascularization is a logical and wanted therapeutic option to attempt to reverse erectile dysfunction in young men who have sustained blunt pelvic, perineal or penile trauma. PMID:23241636

Dicks, Brian; Bastuba, Martin; Goldstein, Irwin

2013-01-01

108

Cellular Destruction Following Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization (TMR)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  During transmyocardial revascularization, cellular destruction of cardiomyocytes occurs as a result of the high-energy laser.\\u000a However, the features of myocardial cellular destruction are unclear. The present study was undertaken to examine the structural\\u000a characteristics of cell death in the myocardium following transmyocardial revascularization. Myocardial specimens from 3 male\\u000a patients who had died within 11 days following laser revascularization were collected within

S. M. Cherian; Y. V. Bobryshev; D. Tran; A. Sivaraman; R. S. A. Lord; K. M. Cherian

2005-01-01

109

Reversed-J Inferior Sternotomy for Beating Heart Coronary Surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Median sternotomy or combined multiple minimally invasive approaches are currently used to revascularize patients with multivessel coronary artery disease on the beating heart. We present here a new alternative ap- proach for minimally invasive coronary surgery on the beating heart: the reversed-J inferior sternotomy. inimally invasive approaches for beating heart cor- onary surgery are currently growing in accep- tance. However,

Jan G. Grandjean; Carlo Canosa; Massimo A. Mariani; Piet W. Boonstra

110

Endovascular revascularization and free tissue transfer for lower limb salvage.  

PubMed

Combined bypass surgery with free flap reconstruction is an established method for lower limb salvage. But the success of the combination of endovascular revascularization together with free tissue transfer has so far not been well established. A retrospective review of all patients who had undergone endovascular revascularization and reconstructed with free tissue transfer for lower limb salvage at Tzu Chi Dalin General Hospital between 2008 and 2012 was performed. A total of 26 legs underwent limb salvage in 24 patients. There were 10 male and 14 female patients. Their average age was 71.4 years. The average time interval between endovascular intervention and free tissue transfer was 8 days. There was 100% flap survival but partial flap necrosis was seen in three patients. A high rate of wound infection was seen in eight patients, all requiring further debridement. The total limb salvage rate at 1-year follow-up was 96% and 92% at the 2-year follow-up. In conclusion, the success rate of lower limb salvage using a combination of endovascular revascularization and free tissue reconstruction is comparable to using a combination of bypass surgery and free tissue transfer. It is associated with a high flap success rate and a high limb salvage rate. It provides physicians with a further treatment option in the management of ischemic lower limbs with extended tissue loss. PMID:25047700

Huang, Chieh-Chi; Chang, Chien-Hwa; Hsu, Honda; Mark Chiu, Chih-Hung; Lin, Chih-Ming; Lee, Jiunn-Tat; Chien, Sou-Hsin

2014-10-01

111

Impact of aortic manipulation on incidence of cerebrovascular accidents after surgical myocardial revascularization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The impact of aortic manipulation on incidence of cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs) was evaluated in patients who underwent myocardial revascularization.Methods. From January 1988 to December 2000, 4,875 patients had coronary operations; 33 who survived less than 24 hours and 19 who had aortic cannulation without cross-clamping were excluded. According to the degree of aortic manipulation, patients were divided into two

Antonio M Calafiore; Michele Di Mauro; Giovanni Teodori; Gabriele Di Giammarco; Sergio Cirmeni; Marco Contini; Angela L Iacò; Marco Pano

2002-01-01

112

Culprit Vessel Only vs Immediate Complete Revascularization in Patients With Acute ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.  

PubMed

Although multivessel coronary artery disease has been associated with poor health outcomes in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), the optimal approach to revascularization remains uncertain. The objective of this review was to determine the benefits and harms of culprit vessel only vs immediate complete percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute STEMI. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) for randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Teams of 2 reviewers, independently and in duplicate, screened titles and abstracts, completed full-text reviews, and abstracted data. We calculated pooled risk ratios (RRs) and associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using random-effect models for nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), revascularization, cardiovascular mortality, all-cause mortality, and adverse events, and used the GRADE approach to rate confidence in estimates of effect. Of 341 patients randomized to complete revascularization and followed to study conclusion, 31 experienced revascularization, as did 80 of 324 randomized to culprit vessel only revascularization (RR: 0.35, 95% CI: 0.24-0.53). Ten patients in the complete revascularization group and 28 patients in the culprit vessel only revascularization group experienced nonfatal MI (RR: 0.35, 95% CI: 0.17-0.72). All-cause mortality and cardiac deaths did not differ between groups (RR: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.40-1.21 for all-cause mortality; RR: 0.48, 95% CI: 0.22-1.04 for cardiac deaths). Pooled data from 3 RCTs suggest that immediate complete revascularization probably reduces revascularization in patients with acute STEMI; although results suggest possible benefits on MI and death, confidence in estimates is low. PMID:25236941

Sekercioglu, Nigar; Spencer, Frederick A; Cruz Lopes, Luciane; Guyatt, Gordon H

2014-12-01

113

[Carotid endarterectomy combined with myocardial revascularization: report of 27 patients].  

PubMed

Atherosclerosis is a systemic disease that may involve more than one territory. Myocardial infarction can occur after carotid endarterectomy and stroke is a well documented morbidity of coronary artery bypass grafting. To optimize results, we have performed concomitant carotid endarterectomy and myocardial revascularization in selected cases, with severe disease in both territories. During a 13-year period, 27 patients were submitted for this procedure, 21 (77.8%) were male and the average age was 67.6 years (range 59-81). All patients had high-grade internal carotid artery stenosis, five (18.5%) were symptomatic. Coronary artery disease symptoms were: unstable angina in 12 patients (44.4%) and effort angina in 15 (55.6%). Two patients (7.4%) required reintervention for postoperative bleeding. Two cases (7.4%) had transient renal dysfunction. One patient, with multiple organ failure, died on the 16th postoperative day (3.7%). Follow up was obtained in 26 patients (96.3%). Survival at 5 years was 80.6%, 95.7% of those patients were free of any neurologic symptom. Combined carotid and coronary surgery is a safe treatment option for atherosclerosis of multiple territories in selected patients; long term benefits are also obtained. PMID:9334480

Mertens, R; Valdés, F; Krämer, A; Morán, S; Zalaquett, R; Irarrázaval, M; Maturana, G

1996-12-01

114

Catastrophic outcomes of noncardiac surgery soon after coronary stenting  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVESTo assess the clinical course of patients who have undergone coronary stent placement less than six weeks before noncardiac surgery.BACKGROUNDSurgical and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty revascularization performed before high-risk noncardiac surgery is expected to reduce perioperative cardiac morbidity and mortality. Perioperative and postoperative complications in patients who have undergone coronary stenting before a noncardiac surgery have not been studied.METHODSForty patients

Grzegorz L Ka?uza; Jane Joseph; Joseph R Lee; Michael E Raizner; Albert E Raizner

2000-01-01

115

Myocardial ischemia is a key factor in the management of stable coronary artery disease.  

PubMed

Previous studies demonstrated that coronary revascularization, especially percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), does not significantly decrease the incidence of cardiac death or myocardial infarction in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Many studies using myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) showed that, for patients with moderate to severe ischemia, revascularization is the preferred therapy for survival benefit, whereas for patients with no to mild ischemia, medical therapy is the main choice, and revascularization is associated with increased mortality. There is some evidence that revascularization in patients with no or mild ischemia is likely to result in worsened ischemia, which is associated with increased mortality. Studies using fractional flow reserve (FFR) demonstrate that ischemia-guided PCI is superior to angiography-guided PCI, and the presence of ischemia is the key to decision-making for PCI. Complementary use of noninvasive MPI and invasive FFR would be important to compensate for each method's limitations. Recent studies of appropriateness criteria showed that, although PCI in the acute setting and coronary bypass surgery are properly performed in most patients, PCI in the non-acute setting is often inappropriate, and stress testing to identify myocardial ischemia is performed in less than half of patients. Also, some studies suggested that revascularization in an inappropriate setting is not associated with improved prognosis. Taken together, the presence and the extent of myocardial ischemia is a key factor in the management of patients with stable coronary artery disease, and coronary revascularization in the absence of myocardial ischemia is associated with worsened prognosis. PMID:24772253

Iwasaki, Kohichiro

2014-04-26

116

Reduced postoperative blood loss and transfusion requirement after beating-heart coronary operations: A prospective randomized study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Coronary artery bypass grafting on the beating heart through median sternotomy is a relatively new treatment, which allows multiple revascularization without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. A prospective randomized study was designed to investigate the effect of coronary bypass with or without cardiopulmonary bypass on postoperative blood loss and transfusion requirement. Methods: Two hundred patients with coronary artery disease

Raimondo Ascione; Simon Williams; Clinton T. Lloyd; Thiagarajamirthy Sundaramoorthi; Antonis A. Pitsis; Gianni D. Angelini

2001-01-01

117

Revascularization of immature permanent teeth with apical periodontitis.  

PubMed

The aim of this minireview was to identify and review the scientific evidence regarding regenerative endodontic protocols claiming to revascularize permanent immature teeth with apical periodontitis. The literature was identified using the PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Scirus, EMBASE and Cochrane databases up to February 2013. Studies were selected independently by two different researchers (kappa index: 0.88), based on established inclusion/exclusion criteria. The methodological quality of the reviewed papers was classified as high, medium or low (HQ, MQ, LQ). The search strategy identified 285 titles. Nine studies, both human and animal based, were selected after application of the criteria (LQ:5; MQ:4). In most of these studies (seven of nine), the revascularization protocol included a triple antibiotic combination as canal disinfectant for a period of 1-4 weeks after blood clot formation (LQ:5; MQ:4), although there is no clear consensus about the treatment protocol. Two studies reported tooth discoloration after the revascularization process (LQ:2), and only three (LQ:1; MQ:2) reported a success rate of 54.9% in dogs and 73.6% and 80% in humans, respectively. Revascularization of immature permanent teeth with apical periodontitis is possible and preferable to apexification. Nevertheless, there is a widespread lack of randomized clinical trials and blinded measures. In addition, the small sample sizes that are common in these studies as well as the generally low quality of the analysed publications require the results to be viewed with caution. There is a high risk of bias, with a low quality of available information, for developing clinical guidelines for regenerative endodontic protocols; rigorous randomized clinical trials are therefore needed. PMID:23889557

Moreno-Hidalgo, M C; Caleza-Jimenez, C; Mendoza-Mendoza, A; Iglesias-Linares, A

2014-04-01

118

Carotid revascularization: risks and benefits  

PubMed Central

Despite a decline during the recent decades in stroke-related death, the incidence of stroke has remained unchanged or slightly increased, and extracranial carotid artery stenosis is implicated in 20%–30% of all strokes. Medical therapy and risk factor modification are first-line therapies for all patients with carotid occlusive disease. Evidence for the treatment of patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis greater than 70% with either carotid artery stenting (CAS) or carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is compelling, and several trials have demonstrated a benefit to carotid revascularization in the symptomatic patient population. Asymptomatic carotid stenosis is more controversial, with the largest trials only demonstrating a 1% per year risk stroke reduction with CEA. Although there are sufficient data to advocate for aggressive medical therapy as the primary mode of treatment for asymptomatic carotid stenosis, there are also data to suggest that certain patient populations will benefit from a stroke risk reduction with carotid revascularization. In the United States, consensus and practice guidelines dictate that CEA is reasonable in patients with high-grade asymptomatic stenosis, a reasonable life expectancy, and perioperative risk of less than 3%. Regarding CAS versus CEA, the best-available evidence demonstrates no difference between the two procedures in early perioperative stroke, myocardial infarction, or death, and no difference in 4-year ipsilateral stroke risk. However, because of the higher perioperative risks of stroke in patients undergoing CAS, particularly in symptomatic, female, or elderly patients, it is difficult to recommend CAS over CEA except in populations with prohibitive cardiac risk, previous carotid surgery, or prior neck radiation. Current treatment paradigms are based on identifying the magnitude of perioperative risk in patient subsets and on using predictive factors to stratify patients with high-risk asymptomatic stenosis. PMID:25045271

O’Brien, Marlene; Chandra, Ankur

2014-01-01

119

The management of chronic total coronary occlusions.  

PubMed

Although recent consensus has clearly defined chronic total occlusions (CTO), attempted percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains low. Histopathologically, CTOs are characterized by fibrous caps, varying degrees of plaques, and neovascularization, with both increasing with the age of the CTO. Multiple registries and studies show that successful PCI of CTOs can improve symptoms, left ventricular function, and mortality. There is overwhelming evidence that very low restenosis and reocclusion rates can be obtained with drug eluting stents after recanalization of CTOs. PCI should be considered the preferred initial revascularization modality in patients in whom a high procedural success rate may be anticipated. Novel techniques have greatly enhanced procedural success, and include ''parallel'' and ''seesaw'' wire techniques, balloon anchoring, subintimal tracking and reentry (STAR), retrograde approach, contralateral injection, and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance. Improvements in wire technology have largely been responsible for improved procedural success in PCI of CTO, while application of new technologies hold promise to significantly better outcomes. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and multislice computed tomography (CT) are already employed in formulating treatment strategies and their role in the treatment of CTOs is likely to increase. PMID:18813187

Cuneo, A; Tebbe, U

2008-10-01

120

Successful staged repair for a rare type of truncus arteriosus with interruption of the aortic arch and abnormal origin of the left coronary artery  

PubMed Central

We report a successful staged repair for a quite rare combination of truncus arteriosus (TA), Van Praagh type A4, and abnormal origin of the left coronary artery (CA). Furthermore, the case was complicated by a variant of the chromosomal anomaly in cat-cry syndrome. The presence of interruption of the aortic arch (IAA) and abnormal CA origin has been previously reported to increase mortality. To decrease the risk of bronchomalacia in infants, bilateral pulmonary artery banding (PAB) was performed as the first stage procedure for adjusting the pulmonary flow. Staged repair is a useful strategy for infants with complex TA. PMID:23714656

2013-01-01

121

Successful staged repair for a rare type of truncus arteriosus with interruption of the aortic arch and abnormal origin of the left coronary artery.  

PubMed

We report a successful staged repair for a quite rare combination of truncus arteriosus (TA), Van Praagh type A4, and abnormal origin of the left coronary artery (CA). Furthermore, the case was complicated by a variant of the chromosomal anomaly in cat-cry syndrome. The presence of interruption of the aortic arch (IAA) and abnormal CA origin has been previously reported to increase mortality. To decrease the risk of bronchomalacia in infants, bilateral pulmonary artery banding (PAB) was performed as the first stage procedure for adjusting the pulmonary flow. Staged repair is a useful strategy for infants with complex TA. PMID:23714656

Uchita, Shunji; Harada, Yorikazu; Honda, Kentaro; Toguchi, Koji; Nishimura, Yoshiharu; Suenaga, Tomohiro; Takeuchi, Takashi; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Okamura, Yoshitaka

2013-01-01

122

Drug-Eluting Stents, Restenosis and Revascularization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several meta-analyses have demonstrated the superiority of drug-eluting stents (DES) in reducing the incidence of restenosis,\\u000a target vessel revascularization and target lesion revascularization compared to their predecessor, the bare-metal stent. In\\u000a comparing Cypher and Taxus™ stents, the two most recent meta-analyses have given the edge to the Cypher. However, it must be stressed that the superiority of one DES over

Steve Ramcharitar; Anne Louise Gaster; Joost Daemen; Patrick Serruys

2007-01-01

123

Successful Ablation of Antero-septal Accessory Pathway in the Non-Coronary Cusp in a Child  

PubMed Central

A 15-year-old boy with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome underwent an electrophysiology study for symptoms of palpitations and persistence of pre-excitation during peak exercise. He was detected to have right antero-septal accessory pathway with relatively long effective refractory period and no inducible tachycardia. He had only transient normalization with cryoablation. Eight months later, he presented again with two episodes of seizures with preceding palpitations. Neurology evaluation was unremarkable with a normal electroencephalogram. In view of his symptoms in association with evidence of pre-excitation, he underwent a second electrophysiology study with ablation. Cryoablation in the anterior septum again achieved only transient normalization. Mapping in the non-coronary cusp identified an earliest accessory pathway potential. RF ablation was performed in the non-coronary cusp with immediate normalization of his electrocardiogram. At 6 month follow-up, he continues to have no pre-excitation on his EKG. Ablation of the anteroseptal accessory pathway in the non-coronary cusp can be safely performed in patients' refractory to conventional ablation sites and techniques. PMID:22665961

Kobayashi, Daisuke; Arya, Swati O; Singh, Harinder R

2012-01-01

124

Coronary stenting during rescue angioplasty after failed thrombolysis.  

PubMed

Compared with primary angioplasty [percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)], rescue PTCA is associated with lower angiographic success and higher reocclusion rates, especially after thrombolysis with tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA). Although stent placement during primary PTCA has been demonstrated to be safe and even to improve the angiographic results achieved by balloon-alone PTCA, there are few data on stent placement during rescue PTCA after failed thrombolysis. This study sought to assess the feasibility and safety of stent implantation during rescue angioplasty in myocardial infarction after failed thrombolysis. The study population consisted of 20 patients with acute myocardial infarction referred for rescue PTCA after failed thrombolysis consecutively treated with coronary stenting. The thrombolytic agent was tPA in 15 patients (75%), streptokinase in 1 (5%), and anisoylated streptokinase plasminogen activator complex (APSAC) in 1 (5%); 3 patients (15%) were included in the INTIME II study (tPA vs. lanoteplase). After stenting, aspirin 200 mg daily plus ticlopidine 250 mg b.i.d. were administered. Thirty stents (1.5+/-1.0 per patient) were implanted. Angiographic success was achieved in 19 patients (95%). Two patients (10%) died, both because of severe bleeding complications. One patient (5%) suffered a reinfarction, but no patients suffered postinfarction angina or needed new target vessel revascularization. Eighteen patients (90%) were discharged alive and free of events. All these patients remained asymptomatic and free of target vessel revascularization at 6-month follow-up. Stent placement during rescue PTCA after failed thrombolysis is feasible and safe and is associated with a good angiographic result and clinical outcome. Bleeding complications seem to be, however, the main limitation of this reperfusion strategy. PMID:10385150

Moreno, R; García, E; Abeytua, M; Soriano, J; Elizaga, J; Botas, J; López-Sendón, J L; Delcán, J L

1999-05-01

125

Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass in a child with an occlusion of left main coronary artery after arterial switch operation  

PubMed Central

We present a case of a 13-year old girl experiencing recurring angina pectoris due to an occlusion of the left main coronary artery after arterial switch operation in infancy. To avoid a repeat sternotomy and the use of cardiopulmonary bypass, the patient underwent uncomplicated operative myocardial revascularization in the minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) technique. PMID:23985412

Jussli-Melchers, Jill; Haneya, Assad; Hoffmann, Grischa; Cremer, Jochen

2013-01-01

126

Planned Simultaneous Beating-heart Totally Endoscopic Coronary Artery Bypass (TECAB) and Percutaneous Intervention in a Single Operative Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Staged hybrid revascularization integrated with minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and arrested heart totally endoscopic CABG has been reported. We report the first case of planned simultaneous hybrid coronary revascularization, integrating beating-heart TECAB, and percutaneous intervention (PCI) in the same operative setting. Methods: A 73-year-old woman with symptoms of angina and a history of diabetes was found

Sudhir Srivastava; Suresh Gadasalli; Orlando Tijerina; Reyna Barrera; Shaune Quismundo; Vishwa Srivastava

2006-01-01

127

Single-pulse 30-J holmium laser for myocardial revascularization-a study on ablation dynamics in comparison to CO2 laser-TMR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Endocardial laser revascularization (ELR) is a new technique to treat coronary heart disease in a percutaneous, minimally invasive approach. A holmium laser (?=2.12 ?m) was developed to emit pulse energies of up to 30 J in order to ablate the desired channels in a single laser pulse. The energy was transmitted by multimode flexible optical waveguides as required for ELR.

Ralf Brinkmann; Dirk Theisen; Tobias Brendel; Reginald Birngruber

1999-01-01

128

Conceptual models of coronary perfusion pressure and their relationship to defibrillation success in a porcine model of prolonged out-of-hospital cardiac arrest  

PubMed Central

Introduction The amount of myocardial perfusion required for successful defibrillation after cardiac arrest is unknown. Coronary perfusion pressure (CPP) is a surrogate for myocardial perfusion. One limited clinical study identifies a threshold of 15 mmHg required for return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Our exploration of threshold and dose models of CPP during the initial bout of CPR indicates higher levels than previously demonstrated are required. CPP required for shock success throughout on-going resuscitation is unknown and other conceptual models of CPP have not been explored. Hypothesis An array of conceptual models of CPP is associated with and predicts defibrillation success throughout resuscitation. Methods Data from 6 porcine cardiac arrest studies were pooled. Mean and area under the curve (AUC) CPP were derived for 30-second epochs. Five conceptual models of CPP were analyzed: threshold, delta, cumulative delta, dose, and cumulative dose. Comparative statistics were performed with one-way ANOVA and two-tailed t-test. Regression models assessed CPP trends and prediction of ROSC. Results For 316 defibrillation attempts in 124 animals, those resulting in ROSC (n=75) had significantly higher threshold, delta, cumulative delta, dose, and cumulative dose CPP than those without. All conceptual models except delta CPP had significantly different values across successive defibrillation attempts and all five models were significant predictors of ROSC, along with experimental design. Conclusions Threshold, delta, cumulative delta, dose, and cumulative dose CPP predict individual defibrillation success throughout resuscitation. PMID:22266069

Reynolds, Joshua C.; Salcido, David D.; Menegazzi, James J.

2012-01-01

129

Revascularization for Symptomatic Occlusion of the Anterior Cerebral Artery Using Superficial Temporal Artery  

PubMed Central

Isolated symptomatic occlusion of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) is a rare condition and until date, only few cases regarding the revascularization of the ACA have been reported. This paper reports on successful attempt to revascularize the ACA using superficial temporal artery (STA) in patient with isolated symptomatic occlusion of the ACA. A 69-year-old man presented with several episodes of transient weakness involving left lower extremity. Cerebral angiography showed occlusion of the right ACA at the A2 segment. After medical treatment failure, the patient underwent STA-ACA bypass surgery. Subsequent to surgery, there was immediate disappearance of transient ischemic attack and follow-up angiography showed favorable revascularization of the ACA territory. Bypass surgery can be considered in the patients with symptomatic occlusion of the ACA, who have experienced failure in medical treatment. PMID:24527195

Lee, Sang Chul; Kang, Hyun-Seung; Kim, Jeong Eun

2013-01-01

130

Conservative treatment of iatrogenic left main coronary artery dissection: report of two cases  

PubMed Central

Revascularization treatment is mostly recommended for iatrogenic left main coronary artery dissection because of potential for catastrophic sequel, even in case of initial TIMI 3 flow and hemodynamic stability. However, conservative treatment seems to be feasible in asymptomatic and hemodinamically stable patient with low-grade dissection. We report two cases of iatrogenic left main coronary dissection managed conservatively. PMID:24400208

Yuksel, Uygar Cagdas; Yalcinkaya, Emre; Gokoglan, Yalcin; Iyisoy, Atila

2013-01-01

131

Off-pump coronary bypass grafting: how to use the octopus tissue stabilizer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting requires immobilization of the coronary artery. A suction device (Octopus Tissue Stabilizer), attached to the epicardium and connected rigidly to the operating table rail, was used through limited and full surgical access for single-vessel and multivessel arterial revascularization, respectively. An outline for its application, as used by us to construct 122 anastomoses in 70 patients,

Erik W. L Jansen; JaapR Lahpor; Cornelius Borst; PaulF Gründeman; JohanJ Bredée

1998-01-01

132

Factors excercising an influence on recovery of hibernating myocardium after coronary artery bypass grafting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with endstage coronary disease (CAD) significantly improves symptoms and prolongs life expectancy. Left ventricular function is also improved in some patients, but not in others. Factors which influence functional recovery of hibernating myocardium after revascularization are at present under investigation. Methods: From 3\\/2000 to 8\\/2002, we analyzed 41 patients with an ejection

Harald Hausmann; Rudolf Meyer; Henryk Siniawski; Reinhard Pregla; Matthias Gutberlet; Holger Amthauer; Roland Felix; Roland Hetzer

2004-01-01

133

Factors excercising an influence on recovery of hibernating myocardium after coronary artery bypass graftingq  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with endstage coronary disease (CAD) significantly improves symptoms and prolongs life expectancy. Left ventricular function is also improved in some patients, but not in others. Factors which influence functional recovery of hibernating myocardium after revascularization are at present under investigation. Methods: From 3\\/2000 to 8\\/2002, we analyzed 41 patients with an ejection

Harald Hausmann; Rudolf Meyer; Henryk Siniawski; Reinhard Pregla; Matthias Gutberlet; Holger Amthauer; Roland Felix; Roland Hetzer

134

Platelet-Rich Plasma Supplemented Revascularization of an Immature Tooth Associated with a Periapical Lesion in a 40-Year-Old Man  

PubMed Central

The present case report is the first of its kind that documents the successful outcome of “revascularization,” a regeneration-based treatment protocol in a mature adult patient. It belies the myth that “revascularization” should only be done in children and young, adolescent patients. The misconception that stem cells number as well as viability in older age group patients will not allow revascularization to be successful is also contradicted by this case. The paper highlights all the mechanisms that come into play and the enhancing of regenerative response by supplementation with platelet-rich plasma (PRP). PMID:24707409

Jadhav, Ganesh Ranganath; Logani, Ajay

2014-01-01

135

Coronary Arteries  

MedlinePLUS

... and animations for grades K-6. The Coronary Arteries | Share Coronary Circulation The heart muscle, like every ... into two main coronary blood vessels (also called arteries). These coronary arteries branch off into smaller arteries, ...

136

Which is the best graft for the right coronary artery?  

PubMed

Bilateral internal mammary arteries directed to the left coronaries are gaining popularity; an increasing level of evidence nowadays supports this surgical strategy. On the other hand, composite right internal mammary artery, radial artery, and gastroepiploic artery targeting high-grade stenotic lesions in the right coronary artery system may confer improved mid- and long-term patency compared to long saphenous veins. This analysis looks into the evidence comparing data of the third best available conduit for grafting the right coronary artery, and by extrapolating this report, compares total arterial revascularization vs. conventional coronary artery bypass grafting. PMID:24585306

Parissis, Haralabos; Ramesh, Bandigowdanapalya Channaiah; Al-Alao, Bassel

2015-01-01

137

[Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting using donut and SPY].  

PubMed

Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) has been rapidly increased, because of its less invasiveness with low complications. However, graft patency rate highly depends on operators' capability due to technical difficulties. In this article, detail operative procedures are introduced to perform OPCAB in 100% for isolated coronary patients. Selecting better stabilizer may be a key of success. Donut Heart Stabilizer can make a still and stable operative field to anastomose less than 1 mm coronary artery. It is very useful to achieve complete revascularization for all stenosed coronary branches. OPCAB with 9 arterial grafts could be done using Donut. SPY Intra-operative Imaging System is also important to get 100% patency rate of the grafts. Using SPY, we can avoid graft trouble during operation in operation room (OR). SPY image is the best key information for operators to decide revision of the failed grafting. Donut 2 Heart Stabilizer has been improved to make more wide and stable operative field. Donut and SPY is the best combination for OPCAB. PMID:12910938

Takahashi, M; Ishikawa, T; Higashidani, K; Katoh, H

2003-07-01

138

The evolution of cerebral revascularization surgery.  

PubMed

Among the relatively few surgeons to be awarded the Nobel Prize was Alexis Carrel, a French surgeon and pioneer in revascularization surgery at the turn of the 20th century. The authors trace the humble beginnings of cerebral revascularization surgery through to the major developments that helped shape the modern practice of cerebral bypass surgery. They discuss the cornerstone studies in the development of this technique, including the Extracranial/Intracranial Bypass Study initiated in 1977. Recent innovations, including modern techniques to monitor cerebral blood flow, microanastomosis techniques, and ongoing trials that play an important role in the evolution of this field are also evaluated. PMID:19408995

Hayden, Melanie G; Lee, Marco; Guzman, Raphael; Steinberg, Gary K

2009-05-01

139

Loss of Short Term Symptomatic Benefit in Patients with an Occluded Infarct Artery is Unrelated to Non-Protocol Revascularization: Results from the Occluded Artery Trial (OAT)  

PubMed Central

Background The Occluded Artery Trial found that routine late (3–28d post-MI) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of an occluded infarct-related artery (IRA) did not reduce death, re-infarction or heart failure relative to medical treatment (MED). Angina rates were lower in PCI early, but the advantage over MED was lost by 3 years. Methods Angina and revascularization status were collected at 4 months, then annually. We assessed whether non-protocol revascularization procedures in MED accounted for loss of the early symptomatic advantage of PCI. Results Seven per 100 more PCI patients were angina-free at 4 months (p<0.001) and 5 per 100 at 12 months (p=.005) with the difference narrowing to 1 per 100 at 3 years (p=.34). Non-protocol revascularization was more frequent in MED (5-yr rate 22% vs. 19% PCI, p=.05). Indications for revascularization included acute coronary syndromes (39% PCI vs. 38% MED), stable angina/inducible ischemia (39% in each group), and physician preference (17% PCI vs. 15% MED). Revascularization rates among patients with angina at any time during follow up (35% of cohort) did not differ by treatment group (5-year rates 26% PCI vs. 28% MED). Most symptomatic patients were treated without revascularization during follow-up (77%). Conclusions In a large randomized clinical trial of stable post-MI patients, the modest benefit on angina from PCI of an occluded IRA was lost by 3 years. Revascularization was slightly more common in MED during follow up but was not driven by acute ischemia, and almost one in five procedures were attributed to physician preference alone. PMID:21167338

Devlin, Gerard; Reynolds, Harmony R.; Mark, Daniel B.; Rankin, James M.; Carvalho, Antonio C.; Vozzi, Carlos; Sopko, George; Caramori, Paulo; Džavík, Vladimir; Ragosta, Michael; Forman, Sandra A.; Lamas, Gervasio A.; Hochman, Judith S.

2010-01-01

140

Comparison of one-year outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention versus coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease and acute coronary syndromes (from the CUSTOMIZE Registry).  

PubMed

Uncertainty surrounds the optimal revascularization strategy for patients with left main coronary artery disease presenting with acute coronary syndromes (ACSs), and adequately sized specific comparisons of percutaneous and surgical revascularization in this scenario are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of 1-year major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) in patients with left main coronary artery disease and ACS treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and drug-eluting stent implantation or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). A total of 583 patients were included. At 1 year, MACEs were significantly higher in patients treated with PCI (n = 222) compared to those treated with CABG (n = 361, 14.4% vs 5.3%, p <0.001), driven by a higher rate of target lesion revascularization (8.1% vs 1.7%, p = 0.001). This finding was consistent after statistical adjustment for MACEs (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 2.7, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2 to 5.9, p = 0.01) and target lesion revascularization (adjusted HR 8.0, 95% CI 2.2 to 28.7, p = 0.001). No statistically significant differences between PCI and CABG were noted for death (adjusted HR 1.1, 95% CI 0.4 to 3.0, p = 0.81) and myocardial infarction (adjusted HR 4.8, 95% CI 0.3 to 68.6, p = 0.25). No interaction between clinical presentation (ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction or unstable angina/non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction) and treatment (PCI or CABG) was observed (p for interaction = 0.68). In conclusion, in patients with left main coronary artery disease and ACS, PCI is associated with similar safety compared to CABG but higher risk of MACEs driven by increased risk of repeat revascularization. PMID:21545992

Caggegi, Anna; Capodanno, Davide; Capranzano, Piera; Chisari, Alberto; Ministeri, Margherita; Mangiameli, Andrea; Ronsivalle, Giuseppe; Ricca, Giovanni; Barrano, Giombattista; Monaco, Sergio; Di Salvo, Maria Elena; Tamburino, Corrado

2011-08-01

141

Management of coronary atherosclerosis and acute coronary syndromes in patients with chronic kidney disease.  

PubMed

Atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries is common, extensive, and more unstable among patients with chronic renal impairment or chronic kidney disease (CKD). The initial presentation of coronary disease is often acute coronary syndrome (ACS) that tends to be more complicated and has a higher risk of death in this population. Medical treatment of ACS includes antianginal agents, antiplatelet therapy, anticoagulants, and pharmacotherapies that modify the natural history of ventricular remodeling after injury. Revascularization, primarily with percutaneous coronary intervention and stenting, is critical for optimal outcomes in those at moderate and high risk for reinfarction, the development of heart failure, and death in predialysis patients with CKD. The benefit of revascularization in ACS may not extend to those with end-stage renal disease because of competing sources of all-cause mortality. In stable patients with CKD and multivessel coronary artery disease, observational studies have found that bypass surgery is associated with a reduced mortality as compared with percutaneous coronary intervention when patients are followed for several years. This article will review the guidelines-recommended therapeutic armamentarium for the treatment of stable coronary atherosclerosis and ACS and give specific guidance on benefits, hazards, dose adjustments, and caveats concerning patients with baseline CKD. PMID:23590761

Narala, Karthiek R; Hassan, Sohail; LaLonde, Thomas A; McCullough, Peter A

2013-05-01

142

Conservative strategy for treatment of stable coronary artery disease  

PubMed Central

Patients with coronary artery disease vary widely in terms of prognosis, which is mainly dependent on ventricular function. In relation to the major outcomes of death and myocardial infarction, it is not clear in the literature if an invasive strategy of myocardial revascularization is superior to a conservative strategy of optimized medical therapy. Moreover, with the exception of patients with left main coronary disease, this similarity in prognosis also occurs in different subgroups of patients.

Rezende, Paulo Cury; Scudeler, Thiago Luis; da Costa, Leandro Menezes Alves; Hueb, Whady

2015-01-01

143

Conservative strategy for treatment of stable coronary artery disease.  

PubMed

Patients with coronary artery disease vary widely in terms of prognosis, which is mainly dependent on ventricular function. In relation to the major outcomes of death and myocardial infarction, it is not clear in the literature if an invasive strategy of myocardial revascularization is superior to a conservative strategy of optimized medical therapy. Moreover, with the exception of patients with left main coronary disease, this similarity in prognosis also occurs in different subgroups of patients. PMID:25685763

Rezende, Paulo Cury; Scudeler, Thiago Luis; da Costa, Leandro Menezes Alves; Hueb, Whady

2015-02-16

144

Selective Coronary Arteriography  

PubMed Central

The technique of selective coronary arteriography, as described originally by Sones, was employed in 255 patients. Successful catheterization of both coronary arteries was carried out in 88% of these patients, and in the last 100 examinations both coronary arteries were entered in 95 patients. Selective coronary arteriography is a useful diagnostic tool but is a potentially hazardous form of examination as we encountered four episodes of ventricular fibrillation in the present series. ImagesFig. 1Fig. 2Figs. 3A-DFig. 3EFig. 3FFig. 4Fig. 5Fig. 6Fig. 7Fig. 8Fig. 9 PMID:5902704

Parker, John O.; Challis, Thomas W.; West, Roxroy O.

1966-01-01

145

[Coronary stents: 30 years of medical progress].  

PubMed

The history of interventional cardiology has been marked by several technologic revolutions since the late 1970s. The first key step was the use of inflatable balloon angioplasty as an alternative to CABG surgery for coronary revascularization, followed by intracoronary delivery of bare metal stent (BMS) and drug eluting stents (DES) to drastically reduce intracoronary restenosis observed with BMS. Improved stents platforms and polymers (absorbable or biocompatible) led to a dramatic reduction in the rate of late stent thrombosis. Self-expanding stents are now available to improve stent a position especially in acute myocardial infarction. The emergence of new fully bioabsorbable stents that can be combined with antiproliferative drugs is the ongoing revolution. A new generation of stents is continuously improving and likely to become the ideal stent for coronary revascularization in the near future. PMID:24685222

Silvain, Johanne; Cayla, Guillaume; Collet, Jean-Philippe; Fargeot, Catherine; Montalescot, Gilles

2014-03-01

146

An update on coronary heart disease in women.  

PubMed

Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of mortality for adult women in the United States, accounting for the death of nearly 250,000 women each year. Once coronary disease becomes clinically evident, it causes prominent morbidity and disability in women, particularly among older women. Women are more likely to die from an episode of myocardial infarction than are men, and first-year mortality following myocardial infarction is comparably greater for women. Similarly, women do not fare as well as men following myocardial revascularization procedures, having a greater mortality from coronary artery bypass graft surgery, less graft patency, less symptomatic relief, and more reoperation within the initial postoperative 5 years. Despite initial favorable outcomes from percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, women have less long-term symptomatic relief and decreased long-term survival, the latter, however, predominantly related to their older age. The increased case fatality rates and greater morbidity of women following both myocardial infarction and myocardial revascularization procedures underscore the need for preventive interventions for women across their life span. Dramatic strides have been made in recent years, based on the recognition of the importance of coronary heart disease as a health problem for women. There is an increased emphasis on coronary preventive strategies, improvement in the prompt evaluation of chest pain syndromes, and increase in the performance of myocardial revascularization when appropriate; research is also under way to assess risk interventions unique to women. PMID:9609207

Wenger, N K

1998-01-01

147

Coronary haemo-dynamics and myocardial metabolism during weaning from mechanical ventilation in cardiac surgical patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present clinical study was undertaken to assess the alterations in myocardial metabolism and coronary haemodynamics during\\u000a weaning from mechanical ventilation in postoperative cardiac surgical patients. Global and regional myocardial blood flow\\u000a and metabolism were assessed using a dual port coronary sinus-great cardiac vein thermodilution catheter in 17 patients who\\u000a had undergone coronary revascularization and who were being weaned from

Steven Elia; Peter Liu; Alan Hilgenberg; Charrisios Skourtis; Demetrios Lappas

1991-01-01

148

Noninvasive stress testing for coronary artery disease.  

PubMed

Stress testing remains the cornerstone for noninvasive assessment of patients with possible or known coronary artery disease (CAD). The most important application of stress testing is risk stratification. Most patients who present for evaluation of stable CAD are categorized as low risk by stress testing. These low-risk patients have favorable clinical outcomes and generally do not require coronary angiography. Standard exercise treadmill testing is the initial procedure of choice in patients with a normal or near-normal resting electrocardiogram who are capable of adequate exercise. Stress imaging is recommended for patients with prior revascularization, uninterpretable electrocardiograms, or inability to adequately exercise. PMID:25091965

Miller, Todd D; Askew, J Wells; Anavekar, Nandan S

2014-08-01

149

[Clinical research of safflower injection on hibernating myocardial revascularization].  

PubMed

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the leading causes of death. Safflower attracts great attention owing to its anti-ischemia/reperfusion injury effect. Ninety-three patients with CAD were included and randomized into safflower treatment group, PCI group and control group. Low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) was performed to measure end-systolic volume (ESV), end-diastolic volume (EDV), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and wall motion score index (WMSI) to determine the recovery of hibernating myocardium and cardiac function in all patients before treatment and after 3-month follow-up. The study was to investigate the effects of safflower on hibernating myocardial revascularization and cardiac function. It was found that LVEF was significantly improved, while the ESV and WMSI were significantly reduced after 2-week treatment in safflower and PCI treatment groups. No significant differences were found between safflower and PCI treatment groups in ESV, EDV, WMSI and LVEF after treatment Safflower injection effectively improved hibernating myocardial function. PMID:25011274

Zheng, Chang-Zhu; Xian, Yu-Qiong; Chen, Jing; Xu, Ying-Hui; Shi, Qian; Wang, Yu-Hua; Ju, Hai-Ning

2014-04-01

150

Technique of Coronary Transfer for TGA with Single Coronary Artery  

PubMed Central

An eight-day-old neonate was diagnosed with dextro-transposition of the great arteries, atrial septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus, and a single sinus origin of the coronary arteries. The single coronary artery originated from the left sinus (sinus 2), had a proximal left circumflex arterial branch, and passed anteriorly to the right side of the aorta, further branching into the right coronary and left anterior descending arteries. We successfully performed an arterial switch operation and coronary transfer by tube graft reconstruction with autologous aortic tissue to treat the dextro-transposition of the great arteries and atrial septal defect with a single-sinus origin of the coronary arteries.

Kim, Tae Ho; Jung, Jae Jun; Kim, Yong Han; Yang, Ji-Hyuk; Jun, Tae-Gook

2014-01-01

151

Myocardial ischemia is a key factor in the management of stable coronary artery disease  

PubMed Central

Previous studies demonstrated that coronary revascularization, especially percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), does not significantly decrease the incidence of cardiac death or myocardial infarction in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Many studies using myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) showed that, for patients with moderate to severe ischemia, revascularization is the preferred therapy for survival benefit, whereas for patients with no to mild ischemia, medical therapy is the main choice, and revascularization is associated with increased mortality. There is some evidence that revascularization in patients with no or mild ischemia is likely to result in worsened ischemia, which is associated with increased mortality. Studies using fractional flow reserve (FFR) demonstrate that ischemia-guided PCI is superior to angiography-guided PCI, and the presence of ischemia is the key to decision-making for PCI. Complementary use of noninvasive MPI and invasive FFR would be important to compensate for each method’s limitations. Recent studies of appropriateness criteria showed that, although PCI in the acute setting and coronary bypass surgery are properly performed in most patients, PCI in the non-acute setting is often inappropriate, and stress testing to identify myocardial ischemia is performed in less than half of patients. Also, some studies suggested that revascularization in an inappropriate setting is not associated with improved prognosis. Taken together, the presence and the extent of myocardial ischemia is a key factor in the management of patients with stable coronary artery disease, and coronary revascularization in the absence of myocardial ischemia is associated with worsened prognosis. PMID:24772253

Iwasaki, Kohichiro

2014-01-01

152

Mechanical Revascularization for Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Single-Center, Retrospective Analysis  

SciTech Connect

BackgroundEndovascular mechanical revascularization (thrombectomy) is an increasingly used method for intracranial large vessel recanalization in acute stroke. The purpose of the study was to analyze the recanalization rate, clinical outcome, and complication rate in our stroke patients treated with mechanical revascularization. A total of 57 patients with large vessel stroke (within 3 h for anterior and 12 h for posterior circulation) were treated with mechanical revascularization at a single center during 24 months. The primary goal of endovascular treatment using different mechanical devices was recanalization of the occluded vessel. Recanalization rate (reported as thrombolysis in cerebral infarction [TICI] score), clinical outcome (reported as National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale [NIHSS] score and modified Rankin scale [mRS] score), as well as periprocedural complications were analyzed. The mean age of the patients was 63.1 {+-} 12.9 years, with baseline median NIHSS score of 14 (interquartile range, 9.5-19). Successful recanalization (TICI 2b or 3) was achieved in 41 (72 %) patients. Twenty patients (35 %) presented with favorable outcome (mRS {<=}2) 30 days after stroke. Overall, significant neurological improvement ({>=}4 NIHSS point reduction) occurred in 36 (63 %) patients. A clinically significant procedure-related adverse events (vessel disruption, peri/postprocedural intracranial bleeding) defined with decline in NIHSS of {>=}4 or death occurred in three (5 %) patients. The study showed a high recanalization rate with improved clinical outcome and a low rate of periprocedural complications in our stroke patients treated with mechanical revascularization. Therefore, we could conclude that endovascular revascularization (primary or in combination with a bridging thrombolysis) was an effective and safe procedure for intracranial large vessel recanalization in acute stroke.

Jeromel, Miran, E-mail: miran.jeromel@gmail.com; Milosevic, Z. V., E-mail: zoran.milosevic@guest.arnes.si; Kocijancic, I. J., E-mail: igor.kocijancic@gmail.com; Lovric, D., E-mail: dimitrijlavric@yahoo.com [University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Clinical Institute of Radiology, Department for Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology (Slovenia); Svigelj, V., E-mail: viktor.svigelj@gmail.com; Zvan, B., E-mail: bojana.zvan@guest.arnes.si [University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Division Vascular and Intensive Neurology, Department of Neurology (Slovenia)

2013-04-15

153

Treatment of left main coronary artery stenosis with the STENTYS self-expandable drug-eluting stent – a pilot registry  

PubMed Central

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) for revascularization after stenosis is still considered controversial therapy. Previous studies were performed with balloon-expandable drug-eluting stents (DES). Balloon-expandable stents presented a challenge because they were not able to adapt effectively to variation in the vessel lumen. There are limited data on LMCA therapy with self-expandable DES for treatment of medial and distal lesions. The advantages of a self-apposing stent are adaptation to vessel size, vessel tapering, stent sizing, and good apposition. This was a pilot study to determine safety and device success rate in patients with middle and distal LMCA stenosis treated with the STENTYS self-expanding coronary DES stent. The primary endpoints were device success, acute procedural success and in-hospital and 30-day MACE. Twenty-four patients were included. Median logistic EuroSCORE was 1.6% (1.1–2.6%). Median Syntax score was 20.0 (20.0–27.2) points. Significant stenosis according to the anatomical region was in the middle of the LMCA in 5 cases (21%) and the distal part in 19 (79%). Stent sizes used were: 3.0 × 3.5 mm in 9 (37.5%); 3.5 × 4.0 mm in 3 (12.5%); 3.5 × 4.5 mm in 12 (50%). Device success and acute procedural success were achieved in 23 patients (95.8%), with no edge dissection in any patient. In 1 patient the proximal end of the stent protruded into the aorta. In all patients during their hospitalization and 30-day follow-up there were no adverse events. The data compiled from this small, single-center pilot study suggest that the STENTYS self-expanding coronary stent may be a reasonable approach to treat lesions within the LMCA. These results warrant a larger future clinical trial. PMID:25489314

Wa?ha, Wojciech; Roleder, Tomasz; Pluta, Aleksandra; Ocha?a, Andrzej

2014-01-01

154

Impact of the bifurcation angle on major cardiac events after cross-over single stent strategy in unprotected left main bifurcation lesions: 3-dimensional quantitative coronary angiographic analysis  

PubMed Central

The impact of the bifurcation angle (BA) between the left main (LM) and the main branch on clinical outcomes after single stenting has never been documented. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the BA on clinical outcomes after single cross-over LM to left anterior descending artery (LAD) stenting. A total of 170 patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in unprotected LM bifurcation with successful single cross-over stenting from the LM into the LAD were enrolled. The main vessel angle between the LM and the LAD was computed in end-diastole before PCI with three-dimensional (3D) quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) software. The patients were classified into three groups according to tertiles of the main vessel angle. The cumulative incidence of major adverse cardiac event (MACE: cardiac death, myocardial infarction, any revascularization including target lesion revascularization) rates throughout a 12-month period were compared between the three groups. Baseline patient characteristics were not a significant difference between the three groups. Compared to the high angle group, the low angle group had a significantly higher incidence of MACE (p = 0.041). In conclusion, this study revealed that low BA between the LM and the LAD had an adverse clinical impact after single cross-over LM to LAD stenting. PMID:25628958

Amemiya, Kisaki; Domei, Takenori; Iwabuchi, Masashi; Shirai, Shinichi; Ando, Kenji; Goya, Masahiko; Yokoi, Hiroyoshi; Nobuyoshi, Masakiyo

2014-01-01

155

Pulp revascularization in immature permanent tooth with apical periodontitis using mineral trioxide aggregate.  

PubMed

Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a material that has been used worldwide in several clinical applications, such as apical barriers in teeth with immature apices, repair of root perforations, root-end filling, pulp capping, and pulpotomy. The purpose of this case report was to describe successful revascularization treatment of an immature mandibular right second premolar with apical periodontitis in a 9-year-old female patient. After preparing an access cavity without anesthesia, the tooth was isolated using a rubber dam and accessed. The canal was gently debrided using 5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and 3% hydrogen peroxide irrigant. And then MTA was packed into the canal. X-ray photographic examination showed the dentin bridge 5 months after the revascularization procedure. Thickening of the canal wall and complete apical closure were confirmed 10 months after the treatment. In this case, MTA showed clinical and radiographic success at revascularization treatment in immature permanent tooth. The successful outcome of this case suggests that MTA is reliable and effective for endodontic treatment in the pediatric dentistry. PMID:24959181

Saeki, Katsura; Fujita, Yuko; Shiono, Yasuhiro; Morimoto, Yasuhiro; Maki, Kenshi

2014-01-01

156

Pulp Revascularization in Immature Permanent Tooth with Apical Periodontitis Using Mineral Trioxide Aggregate  

PubMed Central

Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a material that has been used worldwide in several clinical applications, such as apical barriers in teeth with immature apices, repair of root perforations, root-end filling, pulp capping, and pulpotomy. The purpose of this case report was to describe successful revascularization treatment of an immature mandibular right second premolar with apical periodontitis in a 9-year-old female patient. After preparing an access cavity without anesthesia, the tooth was isolated using a rubber dam and accessed. The canal was gently debrided using 5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and 3% hydrogen peroxide irrigant. And then MTA was packed into the canal. X-ray photographic examination showed the dentin bridge 5 months after the revascularization procedure. Thickening of the canal wall and complete apical closure were confirmed 10 months after the treatment. In this case, MTA showed clinical and radiographic success at revascularization treatment in immature permanent tooth. The successful outcome of this case suggests that MTA is reliable and effective for endodontic treatment in the pediatric dentistry. PMID:24959181

Saeki, Katsura; Shiono, Yasuhiro; Maki, Kenshi

2014-01-01

157

Pulp Revascularization of Immature Permanent Teeth: A Review of the Literature and a Proposal of a New Clinical Protocol.  

PubMed

Tissue engineering is a growing field. In the near future, it will probably be possible to generate a complete vital tooth from a single stem cell. Pulp revascularization is dependent on the ability of residual pulp and apical and periodontal stem cells to differentiate. These cells have the ability to generate a highly vascularized and a conjunctive rich living tissue. This one is able to colonize the available pulp space. Revascularization is a new treatment method for immature necrotic permanent teeth. Up to now, apexification procedures were applied for these teeth, using calcium dihydroxide or MTA to produce an artificial apical barrier. However, the pulp revascularization allows the stimulation of the apical development and the root maturation of immature teeth. Two pulp revascularization techniques are used in the literature, one using calcium dihydroxide and the second using a triple antibiotic paste. Based on these two different pulp revascularization protocols, which obtain the desired therapeutic success, the literature will be reviewed and analyzed according to the relevance of their choice of materials. Based on the literature, we propose a new relevant protocol and a new mixture of antibiotics. PMID:25383384

Namour, Mélanie; Theys, Stephanie

2014-01-01

158

Pulp Revascularization of Immature Permanent Teeth: A Review of the Literature and a Proposal of a New Clinical Protocol  

PubMed Central

Tissue engineering is a growing field. In the near future, it will probably be possible to generate a complete vital tooth from a single stem cell. Pulp revascularization is dependent on the ability of residual pulp and apical and periodontal stem cells to differentiate. These cells have the ability to generate a highly vascularized and a conjunctive rich living tissue. This one is able to colonize the available pulp space. Revascularization is a new treatment method for immature necrotic permanent teeth. Up to now, apexification procedures were applied for these teeth, using calcium dihydroxide or MTA to produce an artificial apical barrier. However, the pulp revascularization allows the stimulation of the apical development and the root maturation of immature teeth. Two pulp revascularization techniques are used in the literature, one using calcium dihydroxide and the second using a triple antibiotic paste. Based on these two different pulp revascularization protocols, which obtain the desired therapeutic success, the literature will be reviewed and analyzed according to the relevance of their choice of materials. Based on the literature, we propose a new relevant protocol and a new mixture of antibiotics. PMID:25383384

Namour, Mélanie

2014-01-01

159

Revascularization options for terminal distal ischemia.  

PubMed

Direct arterial bypass remains the best option in patients with terminal ischemia of the hand, if there is an adequate distal target vessel. In situ bypass is the procedure of choice in patients who are candidates for arterial bypass. Venous arterialization offers an option in patients in whom there is not adequate arterial runoff in the hand. Venous arterialization should be avoided in patients with significant wounds and/or active infection. In selected patients, microvascular omental transfer can offer an option for revascularization of the ischemic hand. PMID:25455358

Pederson, William C

2015-02-01

160

Neurobehavioral and Life-Quality Changes after Cerebral Revascularization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied neuropsychological and life-quality changes six months after carotid endarterectomy, superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery bypass, multiple revascularization, and vertebrobasilar revascularization procedures. Compared changes with those in patients with recent severe spinal complaints and in patients for whom…

Baird, Anne Dull; And Others

1988-01-01

161

Angiogenesis in transmyocardial revascularization: comparison of laser versus mechanical punctures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMLR), which has been shown to reduce angina in clinical trials, was originally based on the belief that laser channels are unique and can remain patent. An increasing body of evidence indicates otherwise, and transmyocardial revascularization (TMR) angiogenesis is currently thought to be induced by nonspecific inflammatory response to tissue injuries. We tested the hypothesis that

Victor F Chu; Adel Giaid; Jin-qiang Kuang; Amy N McGinn; Carlos M Li; Marc P Pelletier; Ray C.-J Chiu

1999-01-01

162

Moyamoya syndrome associated with Alagille syndrome: outcome after surgical revascularization.  

PubMed

Vasculopathy is well-described in Alagille syndrome (ALGS); however, few data exist regarding neurosurgical interventions. We report 5 children with ALGS with moyamoya who underwent revascularization surgery. Postsurgical complications included 1 stroke and 1 death from thalamic hemorrhage. Global function improved in survivors. Revascularization is reasonably safe in patients with ALGS and may improve neurologic outcomes. PMID:25465847

Baird, Lissa C; Smith, Edward R; Ichord, Rebecca; Piccoli, David A; Bernard, Timothy J; Spinner, Nancy B; Scott, R Michael; Kamath, Binita M

2015-02-01

163

Chronic Coronary Artery Disease: Diagnosis and Management  

PubMed Central

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the single most common cause of death in the developed world, responsible for about 1 in every 5 deaths. The morbidity, mortality, and socioeconomic importance of this disease make timely accurate diagnosis and cost-effective management of CAD of the utmost importance. This comprehensive review of the literature highlights key elements in the diagnosis, risk stratification, and management strategies of patients with chronic CAD. Relevant articles were identified by searching the PubMed database for the following terms: chronic coronary artery disease or stable angina. Novel imaging modalities, pharmacological treatment, and invasive (percutaneous and surgical) interventions have revolutionized the current treatment of patients with chronic CAD. Medical treatment remains the cornerstone of management, but revascularization continues to play an important role. In the current economic climate and with health care reform very much on the horizon, the issue of appropriate use of revascularization is important, and the indications for revascularization, in addition to the relative benefits and risks of a percutaneous vs a surgical approach, are discussed. PMID:19955250

Cassar, Andrew; Holmes, David R.; Rihal, Charanjit S.; Gersh, Bernard J.

2009-01-01

164

Case report - Coronary A novel internal thoracic artery harvesting technique via subxiphoid approach - for the least invasive coronary artery bypass grafting  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have performed 12 cases of robotically assisted coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) to accomplish less invasive revascularization. In this report, we describe a new method of robotically assisted internal thoracic artery (ITA) harvesting via subxiphoid approach, using the da Vinci surgical system. A 22-year-old man with three-vessel coronary artery disease due to Kawasaki disease was referred to our institution

Munehisa Takata; Go Watanabe; Teruaki Ushijima; Norihiko Ishikawa

165

Domestic versus imported drug-eluting stents for the treatment of patients with acute coronary syndrome  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: The application of coronary stents, especially drug-eluting stents (DESs), has made percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) one of important therapeutic methods for CHD. DES has reduced the in-stent restenosis to 5%–9% and significantly improved the long-term prognosis of patients with CHD. The study aimed to investigate the long-term efficacy and safety of domestic drug-eluting stents (DESs) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: All patients with ACS who had undergone successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from July 2009 to December 2010 were included in this study. Patients were excluded from the study if they were implanted with bare metal stents or different stents (domestic and imported DESs) simultaneously. The included patients were divided into two groups according to different stents implanted: domestic DESs and imported DESs. RESULTS: In the 1 683 patients of this study, 1 558 (92.6%) patients were followed up successfully for an average of (29.1±5.9) months. 130 (8.3%) patients had major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs), including cardiac death in 32 (2.1%) patients, recurrent myocardial infarction in 16 (1%), and revascularization in 94 (6%). The rates of cardiac death, recurrent myocardial infarction, revascularization, in-stent restenosis, stent thrombosis and other MACEs were not significantly different between the two groups (all P>0.05). Multivarite logistic regression revealed that diabetes mellitus (OR=1.75, 95%CI: 1.09–2.82, P=0.021), vascular numbers of PCI (OR=2.16, 95%CI: 1.22–3.83, P=0.09) and PCI with left main lesion (OR=9.47, 95%CI: 2.96–30.26, P=0.01) were independent prognostic factors of MACEs. The Kaplan-Meier method revealed that there was no significant difference in cumulative survival rates and survival rates free from clinical events between the two groups (all P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The incidences of clinical events and cumulative survival rates are not statistically different between domestic DESs and imported DESs. Domestic DES is effective and safe in the treatment of patients with ACS. PMID:25225580

Yao, Hai-mu; Sun, Tong-wen; Wan, You-dong; Zhang, Xiao-juan; Fu, Xin; Shen, De-liang; Zhang, Jin-ying; Li, Ling

2014-01-01

166

Apexogenesis and revascularization treatment procedures for two traumatized immature permanent maxillary incisors: a case report  

PubMed Central

Traumatic injuries to an immature permanent tooth may result in cessation of dentin deposition and root maturation. Endodontic treatment is often complicated in premature tooth with an uncertain prognosis. This article describes successful treatment of two traumatized maxillary central incisors with complicated crown fracture three months after trauma. The radiographic examination showed immature roots in maxillary central incisors of a 9-year-old boy with a radiolucent lesion adjacent to the right central incisor. Apexogenesis was performed for the left central incisor and revascularization treatment was considered for the right one. In 18-month clinical and radiographic follow-up both teeth were asymptomatic, roots continued to develop, and periapical radiolucency of the right central incisor healed. Considering the root development of these contralateral teeth it can be concluded that revascularization is an appropriate treatment method in immature necrotic teeth. PMID:24010086

Forghani, Maryam; Maghsoudlou, Amir

2013-01-01

167

The evolution of coronary stents: a brief review.  

PubMed

Percutaneous coronary intervention is the most prevalent method for coronary artery revascularization. Initial interventions using balloon angioplasty had limited efficacy because coronary dissections, arterial recoil, and neointimal formation led to high rates of abrupt vessel closure and clinical restenosis. With the introduction of coronary stents, vascular dissections were stabilized and arterial recoil was eliminated, but neointimal accumulation remained problematic, resulting in the development of in-stent restenosis (ISR) in 20%-30% of cases. Drug-eluting stents (DESs) were developed to release antiproliferative agents at the site of arterial injury to attenuate neointimal formation. Although DESs have incrementally improved outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention, delayed re-endothelialization and stent thrombosis remain important challenges. Herein we review the pathophysiology of ISR, stent thrombosis, and briefly summarize the clinical evidence behind first- and second-generation DESs. Moreover, we discuss advancements in our understanding of the pathogenesis of ISR and potential novel therapeutic strategies to improve clinical outcomes. PMID:24286961

Simard, Trevor; Hibbert, Benjamin; Ramirez, F Daniel; Froeschl, Michael; Chen, Yong-Xiang; O'Brien, Edward R

2014-01-01

168

Robotically assisted totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass surgery  

PubMed Central

Robotically assisted totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass surgery has emerged as a feasible and efficient alternative to conventional full sternotomy coronary artery bypass graft surgery in selected patients. This minimally invasive approach using the daVinci robotic system allows fine intrathoracic maneuvers and excellent view of the coronary arteries. Both on-pump and off-pump operations can be performed to treat single and multivessel disease. Hybrid approaches have the potential of offering complete revascularization with the “best of both worlds” from surgery (internal mammary artery anastomosis in less invasive fashion) and percutaneous coronary intervention (least invasive approach). In this article we review the indications, techniques, short and long term results, as well as current developments in totally endoscopic robotic coronary artery bypass operations. PMID:24251021

Canale, Leonardo Secchin; Mick, Stephanie; Mihaljevic, Tomislav; Nair, Ravi

2013-01-01

169

Coronary Angiography  

MedlinePLUS

... OG-rah-fee) is a test that uses dye and special x rays to show the insides ... the coronary arteries. Overview During coronary angiography, special dye is released into the bloodstream. The dye makes ...

170

Revascularization and microcirculation of freely grafted islets of Langerhans.  

PubMed

A considerable number of experimental studies have demonstrated that the reestablishment of an appropriate microvascular supply is an essential prerequisite for successful pancreatic islet transplantation. Freely transplanted islets show the first signs of angiogenesis (i.e., capillary sprout formation and protrusion) as early as 2 days after transplantation, and the entire vascularization process is completed after 10 to 14 days. Cryopreservation and culture of the isolated islets before transplantation and hyperglycemia of the transplant recipient seem not to affect the vascularization process essentially. In addition, immunosuppressive drugs, such as cyclosporin A and 15-deoxyspergualin, do not or only slightly inhibit revascularization of syngeneic islets; however, they are not able to prevent completely xenograft-induced microvascular perfusion failure. In contrast, novel immunosuppressants (e.g., RS-61443) or dietary supplementation of the antioxidant vitamin E were shown to prevent microvascular graft rejection almost completely, including leukocyte recruitment and capillary perfusion failure. Thus the development of novel strategies to improve posttransplant islet function should include concepts that accelerate the vascularization process and protect the newly formed microvasculature from rejection-mediated injury. The improvement of islet graft vascularization and the maintenance of adequate microvascular perfusion will contribute to the increased success of pancreatic islet transplantation. PMID:11344405

Menger, M D; Yamauchi, J; Vollmar, B

2001-04-01

171

Prognostic implications of arrhythmias during primary percutaneous coronary interventions for ST-elevation myocardial infraction.  

PubMed

The authors reviewed current knowledge on occurrence, clinical and prognostic significance, and management of sustained ventricular arrhythmias, atrial fibrillation and bradyarrhythmias in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). Cardiac arrhythmias worsen clinical course and prognosis in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary PCI. Sustained ventricular arrhythmias developing during or early after PCI and associated with mechanical restoration of coronary flow and reperfusion do not affect mortality, whereas those related to incomplete revascularization and ongoing ischemia are associated with poor prognosis. New-onset atrial fibrillation increases mortality and stroke rates in patients undergoing primary PCI. Among bradyarrhythmias, high-degree atrioventricular block is associated with short- and long-term mortality. Prompt and complete revascularization is the cornerstone of arrhythmia management. Arrhythmias related to reperfusion do not usually require specific treatment, whereas those because of ongoing ischemia, incomplete revascularization and presence of substrate require adequate management including nonpharmacological and pharmacological therapies. PMID:25479322

Durak, Ilker; Kudaiberdieva, Gulmira; Gorenek, Bulent

2015-01-01

172

Cardiac CT scan for preoperative planning in a patient with bilateral subclavian stenosis needing coronary artery bypass.  

PubMed

A 61-year-old male vasculopath presented for coronary revascularization and was found to have high-grade bilateral subclavian artery stenosis. The adequacy of the left internal mammary artery for bypass to the left anterior descending artery was in question. Rather than assessing the left internal mammary artery intraoperatively, we performed a preoperative cardiac computed tomography (CT) angiogram. This showed that the free left internal mammary artery was a suitable conduit and the procedure was performed expeditiously. Therefore, cardiac CT angiography is a noninvasive tool for preoperative planning in coronary revascularization. PMID:19267832

Moussa, Fuad; Kumar, Pawan; Pen, Visal

2009-01-01

173

Chronic Kidney Disease, Mortality, and Treatment Strategies among Patients with Clinically Significant Coronary Artery Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cardiovascular disease is an important cause of mortal- ity among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study describes associations between CKD, cardiac revascularization strategies, and mortality among patients with CKD and cardio- vascular disease. All patients undergoing cardiac catheterization at Duke University Medical Center (1995 to 2000) with documented stenosis 75% of at least one coronary artery and available

DONAL N. REDDAN; LYNDA ANNE SZCZECH; ROBERT H. TUTTLE; LINDA K. SHAW; ROBERT H. JONES; STEVE J. SCHWAB; MARK STAFFORD SMITH; ROBERT M. CALIFF; DANIEL B. MARK; WILLIAM F. OWEN JR

2003-01-01

174

Gene therapy with vascular endothelial growth factor for inoperable coronary artery disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Patients presenting with medically intractable angina who have undergone previous coronary bypass (CABG) and\\/or percutaneous revascularization procedures are frequently deemed “inoperable” based on angiographic findings of diffuse distal disease or a lack of available conduits. We initiated a phase I clinical trial to assess the safety and bioactivity of intramyocardial transfection of plasmid DNA encoding for the angiogenic mitogen

James F Symes; Douglas W Losordo; Peter R Vale; Kishor G Lathi; Darryl D Esakof; Michael Mayskiy; Jeffrey M Isner

1999-01-01

175

A review of 1,582 consecutive Octopus off-pump coronary bypass patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Off-pump coronary bypass may provide a safer form of surgical revascularization by avoiding the unwanted complications of cardiopulmonary bypass, particularly in the increasingly complex patients being referred for operation. This study reviews the entire experience of the Medtronic Octopus System (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN) for beating heart bypass from 7 surgeons. Demographics, operative procedures, early outcomes, and trends in usage

James C Hart; Ted H Spooner; John Pym; Thomas F Flavin; James R Edgerton; Michael J Mack; Erik W. L Jansen

2000-01-01

176

Designer blood vessels and therapeutic revascularization  

PubMed Central

Inadequate vascular perfusion leads to fatal heart attacks, chronic ulcers, and other serious clinical conditions. The body's capacity to restore vascular perfusion through angiogenesis and arteriogenesis is often impaired by pre-existing disease, and availability of native replacements for nonfunctional arteries is limited in many patients. Thus, recreating blood vessels of various calibres through novel engineering technologies has emerged as a radical option among therapeutic strategies for revascularization. Ranging from artificial, recycled or reassembled natural conduits to sophisticated microdevices, we refer to these as ‘designer blood vessels'. Our common efforts to continuously improve vascular replacement design have provided many clues about our own blood vessels, but nature's ability to create nonthrombogenic, immunocompatible, strong, yet biologically responsive blood vessels remains unparalleled. Just as art reproductions never equal the original masterpiece, designer blood vessels may never attain nature's perfection. Nevertheless, they will provide a valuable option as long as they come close enough and are available to many. PMID:14534146

Berglund, Joseph D; Galis, Zorina S

2003-01-01

177

Coronary calcium does not accurately predict near-term future coronary events in high-risk adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—Prognostic risk models have had limited success in predicting coronary events in subjects with multiple risk factors. We and others have proposed an alternative approach using radiographically detectable coronary calcium. We evaluated and compared the predictive value of these 2 approaches for determining coronary event risk in asymptomatic adults with multiple coronary risk factors. In addition, we assessed the predictive

Robert C. Detrano; Nathan D. Wong; Terence M. Doherty; Robert M. Shavelle; Weiyi Tang; Leonard E. Ginzton; Matthew J. Budoff; Kenneth A. Narahara

1999-01-01

178

The Effect of Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention of the Right Coronary Artery on Right Ventricular Function  

PubMed Central

Background: Right Ventricular (RV) dysfunction has been introduced as a predictor of mortality in acute myocardial infarction. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the effect of right coronary revascularization on systolic and diastolic RV dysfunction. Patients and Methods: This study was conducted on unstable angina patients who were candidate for elective Percutaneous Revascularization Intervention (PCI) on the right coronary artery. The participants were initially evaluated by transthoracic echocardiography and tissue Doppler imaging prior to PCI and the RV function parameters were assessed. Echocardiography was repeated two months after PCI and the results were compared with baseline. Paired t-test was used to compare the pre- and post-procedural measurements. Besides, Pearson’s correlation was used to find out the linear association between the RV function parameters and Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF). P value < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: This study was conducted on 30 patients (mean age = 60.00 ± 8.44 years; 24 [80%] males). In the pre-procedural echocardiography, 15 patients (50%) had normal RV function, 14 patients (46.7%) had grade-1 RV dysfunction, and only 1 patient (3.3%) had grade-2 RV dysfunction. Following PCI, however, all the patients had normal systolic and diastolic RV functions. Comparison of echocardiographic RV function parameters showed an improvement in both systolic and diastolic functional parameters of the RV. Nonetheless, no significant correlation was observed between these parameters and Left Ventricular (LV) function. Conclusions: A significant improvement was found in RV function, but not LV function, after right coronary PCI. Revascularization of the right coronary artery may be beneficial for the patients who suffer from RV failure due to ischemia.

Nikdoust, Farahnaz; Tabatabaei, Seyed Abdolhosein; Shafiee, Akbar; Mostafavi, Atoosa; Mohamadi, Maryam; Mohammadi, Sareh

2014-01-01

179

Postprocedural anticoagulation for specific therapeutic indications after revascularization for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (from the Harmonizing Outcomes with Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial).  

PubMed

Postprocedural anticoagulation (AC) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) may be administered for a number of specific therapeutic indications (e.g. atrial fibrillation or left ventricular thrombus). However, the safety and effectiveness of such post-PCI AC for specific indications are not well defined. Thus, we sought to study outcomes after postprocedural AC for specific indications in patients undergoing primary PCI for STEMI in the Harmonizing Outcomes with Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction trial. Patients who underwent primary PCI for STEMI in the Harmonizing Outcomes with Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction trial were grouped according to whether they received specific indication AC. Adverse outcomes were assessed using propensity-adjusted multivariate analyses. After excluding patients who received post-PCI AC solely for routine prophylaxis, 410 patients (16.6%) received postprocedural AC for specific indications and 2,063 patients (83.4%) received no post-PCI AC. After propensity adjustment, use of postprocedural AC for specific indications was associated with higher rates of cardiac mortality, reinfarction, stent thrombosis, and major bleeding at 30 days compared with patients who received no AC post-PCI. In conclusion, in this large prospective study, use of postprocedural AC for specific indications after primary PCI for STEMI was independently associated with early rates of adverse ischemic and hemorrhagic outcomes. Post-PCI AC for specific indications was also associated with worse outcomes from 30 days to 3 years. Further studies are warranted to determine the optimal use of postprocedural AC after primary PCI in STEMI. PMID:25239828

Madhavan, Mahesh V; Généreux, Philippe; Kirtane, Ajay J; Xu, Ke; Witzenbichler, Bernhard; Mehran, Roxana; Stone, Gregg W

2014-11-01

180

[Simultaneous carotid and vertebral revascularization in the aged].  

PubMed

Five patients of a mean age of 76, have been submitted to combined vertebral and carotid artery revascularization for a severe vertebro-basilar insufficiency. Vertebral artery revascularization consisted of a transposition to the common carotid artery in one case and of a carotid-distal vertebral artery saphenous bypass graft. The associated carotid artery revascularization consisted of a carotid endarterectomy with patch in 4 cases and without patch in one case. There were no postoperative mortality and no postoperative stroke. Postoperative morbidity included a transitory revascularization syndrome, a myocardial ischemia and a Horner's syndrome. Complete relief of vertebrobasilar symptoms was obtained in 4 patients whereas in one patient only a mild positional vertigo persisted. All vascular reconstructions have been assessed with postoperative arteriography and duplex-scan every six months. At 11 months mean follow-up, all revascularizations are patent. Combined carotid and vertebral artery surgery is effective in well selected cases, and it does not enhance the risk of the two operations performed separately. It also eliminate the possibility of failure of isolated carotid revascularization for vertebrobasilar symptoms. PMID:9432582

Illuminati, G; Caliò, F G; Bertagni, A; Piermattei, A; Vietri, F; Martinelli, V

1997-09-01

181

[Revascularization of the carotid and vertebral arteries in the elderly].  

PubMed

From January 1994 to July 2004, 323 patients underwent 348 revascularization of carotid bifurcation for atherosclerotic stenoses. Eighty eight patients (group A) were 75 year-old or older, whereas 235 (group B) were younger than 75 years. Postoperative mortality/neurologic morbidity rate was 1% in group A, and 1.4% in group B. At 5 years, patency and freedom from symptoms/stroke were, respectively, 91% and 92% in group A, and 89% and 91% in group B. None of these differences was statistically significant. In the same time period, 26 internal carotid arteries were revascularized in 24 patients, 75 or more aged, for a symptomatic kinking. Postoperative mortality/morbidity rate was absent, whereas, at 5 years, patency and freedom from symptoms/stroke were, respectively, 88% and 92%. Twelve vertebral arteries were revascularized in 12 patients, 75 or more aged, for invalidating symptoms of vertebrobasilar insufficiency. Postoperative mortality/neurologic morbidity rate was absent. In one case postoperative recurrence of symptoms occurred, despite a patent revascularization. Patency and freedom from symptoms/stroke were 84% and 75%, at 5 years. Revascularization of carotid and vertebral arteries in the elderly can be accomplished with good results, superposable to those of standard revascularization of carotid bifurcation in a younger patients' population. PMID:15803810

Illuminati, G; Bezzi, M; D'Urso, A; Giacobbi, D; Ceccanei, G; Vietri, F

2004-01-01

182

Congenital coronary artery fistulae: a rare cause of heart failure in adults  

PubMed Central

Coronary artery fistulae are uncommon, reported in 0.25% of patients undergoing coronary angiography. Two patients with congenital coronary artery fistula and coronary artery disease who presented with symptoms of exacerbated congestive heart failure out of proportion to their atherosclerotic burden were successfully treated by epicardial fistula ligation and coronary artery bypass grafting with marked improvement in functional status. PMID:24886594

2014-01-01

183

Should we consider off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with acute coronary syndrome?  

PubMed Central

A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) grafting should be considered as an alternative to the conventional on-pump surgery (ONCAB) in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) requiring emergency revascularization. Eighty-two papers were identified by a systematic search, of which nine were judged to best answer the clinical question. Of these, one was a randomized controlled trial and the remaining eight were retrospective observational studies. The author, journal, date, patient group, country of publication, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses were tabulated. In total, these nine studies included 3001 patients (n = 817 OPCAB, 2184 ONCAB) undergoing emergency revascularization in the setting of ACS. The timing between the onset of ACS and operative intervention ranged from 6 to 72 h. All cases were categorized as urgent/emergent according to the National confidential enquiry into patient outcome and death classification of intervention. Six studies included patients with preoperative cardiogenic shock; however the majority of patients were haemodynamically stable at the time of surgery. Three out of nine studies showed an improvement in 30-day mortality with OPCAB although the remaining six reveal no significant mortality benefit. No difference in long-term mortality was observed between the two techniques. OPCAB was associated with significantly fewer grafts per patient (six studies) and less complete revascularization (two studies). We conclude that whilst OPCAB may have a beneficial effect on 30-day mortality in haemodynamically stable patients undergoing emergency revascularization, there is a lack of high-quality data with clearly defined patient demographics. Future studies must ensure adequate preoperative matching between OPCAB and ONCAB groups and clearly categorize haemodynamic status, disease pattern and time to surgery in order to determine the patients in whom OPCAB may confer the greatest benefit. PMID:23184562

Moscarelli, Marco; Harling, Leanne; Ashrafian, Hutan; Athanasiou, Thanos

2013-01-01

184

Angiographic and clinical outcomes of bivalirudin versus heparin in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Heparin with adjunctive glycoprotein IIb/IIIa platelet receptor (GP IIb/IIIa) inhibitors has demonstrated its effectiveness in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Bivalirudin, a direct thrombin inhibitor, has recently been shown to be an effective alternative for patients undergoing elective PCI. OBJECTIVES To assess the angiographic and clinical outcomes of adjunctive pharmacological strategies in a high-risk population presenting with ACS. METHODS Of 891 consecutive PCI patients with ACS, 304 received bivalirudin (60.5% male, 68±11 years) and were compared with 283 who received heparin (58.7% male, 66±12 years). A 30-day major adverse cardiac event was defined as the occurrence of cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, urgent revascularization or major hemorrhage. RESULTS Adjunctive GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors were used in 14.1% of the bivalirudin group and in 72.4% of the heparin group (P<0.010). The occurrence of Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow less than grade 3 was lower and the achievement of angiographic success was higher in the bivalirudin group than in the heparin group (5.2% versus 8.2%, 94.7% versus 89.7%, P=0.039 and P<0.010, respectively). There was no difference between groups in the incidence of bleeding events (bivalirudin 2.0% versus heparin 3.5%, P not significant) and in 30-day major adverse cardiac events (bivalirudin 8.3% versus heparin 5.7%, P=0.223). CONCLUSIONS In the high-risk cohort undergoing PCI, bivalirudin with provisional GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors achieved better angiographic results. Although not powered to show a difference, and while acknowledging that a selection bias could have affected the data, the present study showed that bivalirudin may be as clinically effective and safe as heparin with adjunctive GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors. PMID:17102832

Matar, Fadi; Donoghue, Colleen; Rossi, Peter; Vandormael, Michel; Sullebarger, John T; Kerensky, Richard; Jauch, Werner; Gloer, Kathy; Ebra, George

2006-01-01

185

Trans-Radial versus Trans-Femoral Intervention for the Treatment of Coronary Bifurcations: Results from Coronary Bifurcation Stenting Registry  

PubMed Central

Trans-radial (TR) approach is increasingly recognized as an alternative to the routine use of trans-femoral (TF) approach. However, there are limited data comparing the outcomes of these two approaches for the treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions. We evaluated outcomes of TR and TF percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in this complex lesion. Procedural outcomes and clinical events were compared in 1,668 patients who underwent PCI for non-left main bifurcation lesions, according to the vascular approach, either TR (n = 503) or TF (n = 1,165). The primary outcome was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), including cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), and target lesion revascularization (TLR) in all patients and in 424 propensity-score matched pairs of patients. There were no significant differences between TR and TF approaches for procedural success in the main vessel (99.6% vs 98.6%, P = 0.08) and side branches (62.6% vs 66.7%, P = 0.11). Over a mean follow-up of 22 months, cardiac death or MI (1.8% vs 2.2%, P = 0.45), TLR (4.0% vs 5.2%, P = 0.22), and MACE (5.2% vs 7.0%, P = 0.11) did not significantly differ between TR and TF groups, respectively. These results were consistent after propensity score-matched analysis. In conclusion, TR PCI is a feasible alternative approach to conventional TF approaches for bifurcation PCI (clinicaltrials.gov number: NCT00851526). PMID:23486858

Chung, Seungmin; Her, Sung-Ho; Song, Pil Sang; Song, Young Bin; Hahn, Joo-Yong; Choi, Jin-Ho; Lee, Sang Hoon; Jang, Yangsoo; Yoon, Jung Han; Tahk, Seung-Jea; Park, Seung-Jung; Seung, Ki Bae; Gwon, Hyeon-Cheol

2013-01-01

186

Young patient presenting acute coronary syndrome.  

PubMed

The clinical presentation of Kawasaki disease (KD) is variable and clinical implication among adults is rarely important but coronary involvement. Here we report a young patient showing recurrent acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who had a history of high-grade fever and conjunctivitis when he was little. Coronary angiography revealed aneurysmal coronary artery change in this patient. There is no particular consensus on guidelines for treatment for KD in case of coronary aneurysm causing ACS. In this case, we treated him medically without stent implantation successfully. PMID:25368706

Ju, Sungbae; Mun, Hee-Sun; Choi, Seonghoon; Cho, Jung Rae; Lee, Namho; Kang, Min-Kyung

2015-01-01

187

Successful recanalization for acute ischemic stroke via the transbrachial approach.  

PubMed

The recent development of revascularization devices, including stent retrievers, has enabled increasingly higher revascularization rates for arterial occlusions in acute ischemic stroke. Patient-specific factors such as anatomy, however, may occasionally limit endovascular deployment of these new devices via the conventional transfemoral approach. We report three cases of acute ischemic stroke where a transbrachial endovascular approach to revascularization was used, resulting in successful recanalization. These examples suggest that a transbrachial approach may be considered as an alternative in the endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke. PMID:25471073

Okawa, Masakazu; Tateshima, Satoshi; Liebeskind, David; Ali, Latisha K; Thompson, Michael L; Saver, Jeffrey; Duckwiler, Gary R

2014-12-01

188

Angiotensin-Converting-Enzyme Inhibition in Stable Coronary Artery Disease  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are effective in reducing the risk of heart failure, myocardial infarction, and death from cardiovascular causes in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction or heart failure. ACE inhibitors have also been shown to reduce atherosclerotic complications in patients who have vascular disease without heart failure. METHODS In the Prevention of Events with Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibition (PEACE) Trial, we tested the hypothesis that patients with stable coronary artery disease and normal or slightly reduced left ventricular function derive therapeutic benefit from the addition of ACE inhibitors to modern conventional therapy. The trial was a double-blind, placebo-controlled study in which 8290 patients were randomly assigned to receive either trandolapril at a target dose of 4 mg per day (4158 patients) or matching placebo (4132 patients). RESULTS The mean (±SD) age of the patients was 64±8 years, the mean blood pressure 133±17/78±10 mm Hg, and the mean left ventricular ejection fraction 58±9 percent. The patients received intensive treatment, with 72 percent having previously undergone coronary revascularization and 70 percent receiving lipid-lowering drugs. The incidence of the primary end point — death from cardiovascular causes, myocardial infarction, or coronary revascularization — was 21.9 percent in the trandolapril group, as compared with 22.5 percent in the placebo group (hazard ratio in the trandolapril group, 0.96; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.88 to 1.06; P=0.43) over a median follow-up period of 4.8 years. CONCLUSIONS In patients with stable coronary heart disease and preserved left ventricular function who are receiving “current standard” therapy and in whom the rate of cardiovascular events is lower than in previous trials of ACE inhibitors in patients with vascular disease, there is no evidence that the addition of an ACE inhibitor provides further benefit in terms of death from cardiovascular causes, myocardial infarction, or coronary revascularization. PMID:15531767

2008-01-01

189

Validating intramyocardial bone marrow stem cell therapy in combination with coronary artery bypass grafting, the PERFECT Phase III randomized multicenter trial: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background For the last decade continuous efforts have been made to translate regenerative cell therapy protocols in the cardiovascular field from ‘bench to bedside’. Successful clinical introduction, supporting safety, and feasibility of this new therapeutic approach, led to the initiation of the German, Phase III, multicenter trial - termed the PERFECT trial (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00950274), in order to evaluate the efficacy of surgical cardiac cell therapy on left ventricular function. Methods/Design The PERFECT trial has been designed as a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled, multicenter trial, analyzing the effect of intramyocardial CD 133+ bone marrow stem cell injection in combination with coronary artery bypass grafting on postoperative left ventricular function. The trial includes patients aged between 18 and 79?years presenting with a coronary disease with indication for surgical revascularization and reduced global left ventricular ejection fraction as assessed by cardiac magnet resonance imaging. The included patients are treated in the chronic phase of ischemic cardiomyopathy after previous myocardial infarction. Discussion Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting in combination with intramyocardial CD133+ cell injection will have a higher LV ejection fraction than patient who undergo CABG alone, measured 6?months after the operation. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00950274 PMID:22747980

2012-01-01

190

Pulp revascularization in an immature necrotic tooth: a case report.  

PubMed

Immature permanent teeth damaged by caries or trauma can present a challenge to dentistry. Currently, triple antibiotic paste (TAP) containing ciprofloxacin, metronidazole, and minocycline is used to attempt revascularization in necrotic immature teeth. Therefore, the purpose of this report was to present a case of pulp revascularization in an immature necrotic tooth. An 8-year-old male presented with trauma to the permanent maxillary left and right central incisors. Upon clinical and radiographic examination, the left central incisor was deemed necrotic. Revascularization therapy was performed over multiple visits. At 11 months follow-up, healing of the periapical area and apexogenesis were found to be complete. With an increasing breadth of clinical evidence and practitioner acceptance, regenerative techniques may become a standard technique in treating immature necrotic permanent teeth. PMID:23265169

Gelman, Richard; Park, Helen

2012-01-01

191

Clinical complications in the revascularization of immature necrotic permanent teeth.  

PubMed

The purpose of this case series was to report on the use of a technique of revascularization for necrotic immature permanent teeth, several problems encountered, and solutions to those problems. Eighteen pulp revascularizations were performed in 2009 using the original protocol of revascularization (adapted from the AAE/AAPD joint meeting in 2007 in Chicago). The protocol consisted of opening the canal and disinfecting it with sodium hypochlorite, sealing in a triple antibiotic paste for 2-6 weeks, re-opening, re-irrigating, creating a blood clot in the canal, and sealing with an MTA barrier over the clot. Three problems were encountered during the treatment: (1) bluish discoloration of the crown; (2) failure to produce bleeding; and (3) collapse of the mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) material into the canal. Modifications to solve these problems included: changing one of the antibiotics, using a local anesthesia without epinephrine, and adding collagen matrix to the blood clot. PMID:23211919

Dabbagh, Basma; Alvaro, Emanuel; Vu, Duy-Dat; Rizkallah, Jean; Schwartz, Stephane

2012-01-01

192

Revascularization/Regeneration performed in immature molars: case reports.  

PubMed

These 3 case reports the outcome of revascularization treatment in necrotic immature molars. During treatment, a tri antibiotic mix was used to disinfect the pulp for 2 weeks. Then a blood clot was created in the canal, over which mineral trioxide aggregate was placed. After 24 months, the immature molars showed continuation of root development. The patients were asymptomatic, no sinus tracts were evident and apical periodontitis was resolved Results from these cases show that revascularization/regeneration using 3Mix-MP method could be effective for managing immature permanent molar teeth with pulpal necrosis. PMID:23855165

Sönmez, I S; Akbay Oba, A; Erkmen Almaz, M

2013-01-01

193

Huge aneurysm and coronary-cameral fistula from right coronary branch: First case.  

PubMed

Coronary-cameral fistulas are rare cardiovascular anomalies. A giant coronary artery aneurysm associated with a coronary-cameral fistula is a very rare condition, with an estimated prevalence of 0.02%. We report the case of middle-aged woman who presented with a huge extracardiac aneurysmal mass and a coronary-cameral fistula from a right coronary artery branch. It was successfully repaired by ligation and excision plus marsupialization of the aneurysm. We believe this is the first such a case reported in literature. PMID:25249660

Ahmad, Tanveer; Pasarad, Ashwini Kumar; Kishore, Kolkebaile Sadanand; Maheshwarappa, Nandakumar Neralakere

2014-09-23

194

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting  

MedlinePLUS

... from the NHLBI on Twitter. What Is Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting? Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is ... bypass multiple coronary arteries during one surgery. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Figure A shows the location of ...

195

Coronary Calcium Scan  

MedlinePLUS

... the NHLBI on Twitter. What Is a Coronary Calcium Scan? A coronary calcium scan is a test ... you have calcifications in your coronary arteries. Coronary Calcium Scan Figure A shows the position of the ...

196

Coronary artery spasm  

MedlinePLUS

Coronary artery spasm is a temporary, sudden narrowing of one of the coronary arteries (the arteries that supply blood to ... with angina (chest pain and pressure) have coronary artery spasm. Coronary artery spasm occurs most commonly in people ...

197

Coronary Angioplasty  

MedlinePLUS

... Are the Risks Clinical Trials Links Related Topics Atherosclerosis Cardiac Catheterization Coronary Heart Disease Heart Attack Stents ... to harden and narrow. This condition is called atherosclerosis (ath-er-o-skler-O-sis). Atherosclerosis can ...

198

Coronary arteries  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   Coronary angiography (CA) is presently considered the gold standard for the assessment of the coronary arteries. However,\\u000a the presence of ionizing radiation, its invasiveness and the small associated risk of morbidity prompted long ago the development\\u000a of more patient-friendly imaging modalities. A promising technique, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), has been regarded as\\u000a the major modality in the coming decade.

P. A. Wielopolski; R. J. M. van Geuns; P. J. de Feyter; M. Oudkerk

2000-01-01

199

[Is coronary artery disease different in women?].  

PubMed

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the primary cause of death in women. Although acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is relatively infrequent in young women, failure to recognize ACS in this population can incur a major risk and registry data show that there is still plenty of room for improvement in this area. Women may suffer from "classical" CAD with development of atherosclerosis with a delay of about 10 years as compared to men, reflecting hormonal protection in women. Besides this classical presentation, angina in women often corresponds to impaired microcirculation, a syndrome known to associate typical angina, demonstrable myocardial ischemia, but no lesions on the coronary angiography. Finally, spasm, spontaneous dissection or coronary thrombosis through endothelial rupture are more frequent in women. The influence of risk factors on the development of CAD is comparable in both women and men. Recent registry studies show that in France, in particular, diabetes, obesity, and smoking are all risk factors that are on the rise in women. In addition, certain other risk factors are more specific to women, namely psycho-social stress. The methods to evaluate risk and detect CAD were mainly developed in male study populations, and these tools thus perform less well in female patients. In case of ACS, women benefit just as much from invasive management, but are at greater risk of iatrogenic complications, particularly with anti-thrombotic therapy or during revascularization procedures. PMID:24913547

Schiele, François; Chopard, Romain

2014-01-01

200

Small coronary vessel angioplasty: outcomes and technical considerations  

PubMed Central

Small vessel (<3 mm) coronary artery disease is common and has been identified as independent predictor of restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention. It remains controversial whether bare-metal stent (BMS) implantation in small vessels has an advantage over balloon angioplasty in terms of angiographic and clinical outcomes. Introduction of drug-eluting stent (DES) has resulted in significant reduction in restenosis and the need for repeat revascularization. Several DESs have been introduced resulting in varying reduction in outcomes as compared with BMS. However, their impact on outcomes in small vessels is not clearly known. It is expected that DES could substantially reduce restenosis in smaller vessels. Large, randomized studies are warranted to assess the impact of different DESs on outcomes in patients with small coronary arteries. PMID:21057576

Rathore, Sudhir

2010-01-01

201

Prolonged idiopathic gastric dilatation following revascularization for chronic mesenteric ischemia  

PubMed Central

A 71-year-old female presented with nausea, emesis, early satiety, and abdominal distension following revascularization for chronic mesenteric ischemia. Computed tomography angiogram showed gastric dilatation. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, small bowel follow through, and paraneoplastic panel were negative. Gastric emptying was delayed. Despite conservative management, she required a percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy. The development of a prolonged gastroparetic state has not been previously described. PMID:24975870

Gauci, Julia L.; Stoven, Samantha; Szarka, Lawrence; Papadakis, Konstantinos A.

2014-01-01

202

Options for revascularization: artery versus vein: technical considerations.  

PubMed

Vascular grafts, as either interpositional conduits or bypass grafts, can be used for revascularization procedures in the upper extremity. Vein grafts are more readily available and can be easier to harvest. Arterial grafts may provide superior patency rates compared with vein grafts. Arterial grafts can be located and harvested with consistent and reliable anatomy throughout the body. PMID:25455359

Shuck, John; Masden, Derek L

2015-02-01

203

Depression Treatment in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease: A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Objective: Depression has been linked to adverse coronary artery disease outcomes. Whether depression treatment improves or worsens coronary artery disease prognosis is unclear. This 25-year systematic review examines medical outcomes, and, secondarily, mood outcomes of depression treatment among patients with coronary artery disease. Data Sources: We systematically reviewed the past 25 years (January 1, 1986–December 31, 2011) of prospective trials reporting on the medical outcomes of depression treatment among patients with established coronary artery disease using keywords and MESH terms from OVID MEDLINE. Search 1 combined depression AND coronary artery disease AND antidepressants. Search 2 combined depression AND coronary artery disease AND psychotherapy. Search 3 combined depression AND revascularization AND antidepressants OR psychotherapy. Study Selection: English-language longitudinal randomized controlled trials, with at least 50 depressed coronary artery disease patients, reporting the impact of psychotherapy and/or antidepressants on cardiac and mood outcomes were included. Data Extraction: Data extracted included author name, year published, number of participants, enrollment criteria, depression definition/measures (standardized interviews, rating scales), power analyses, description of control arms and interventions (psychotherapy and/or medications), randomization, blinding, follow-up duration, follow-up loss, depression scores, and medical outcomes Results: The review yielded 10 trials. Antidepressant and/or psychotherapy did not significantly influence coronary artery disease outcomes in the overall population, but most studies were underpowered. There was a trend toward worse coronary artery disease outcomes after treatment with bupropion. Conclusions: After an acute coronary syndrome, depression often spontaneously remitted without treatment. Post–acute coronary syndrome persistence of depression predicted adverse coronary artery disease outcomes. Antidepressant and/or psychotherapy, particularly as part of the Coronary Psychosocial Evaluation Studies intervention, may improve prognosis in persistent depression among post–acute coronary syndrome patients. Noradrenergic antidepressants should be prescribed cautiously in patients with coronary artery disease. PMID:24511449

Trejo, Edgardo; Faraone, Stephen V.

2013-01-01

204

Tacrolimus Inhibits the Revascularization of Isolated Pancreatic Islets  

PubMed Central

Aims Immunosuppressive drugs could be crucial factors for a poor outcome after islet allotransplantation. Unlike rapamycin, the effects of tacrolimus, the current standard immunosuppressant used in islet transplantation, on graft revascularization remain unclear. We examined the effects of tacrolimus on islet revascularization using a highly sensitive imaging system, and analyzed the gene expression in transplanted islets by introducing laser microdissection techniques. Methods Islets isolated from C57BL/6-Tg (CAG-EGFP) mice were transplanted into the nonmetallic dorsal skinfold chamber on the recipients. Balb/c athymic mice were used as recipients and were divided into two groups: including a control group (n?=?9) and tacrolimus-treated group (n?=?7). The changes in the newly-formed vessels surrounding the islet grafts were imaged and semi-quantified using multi-photon laser-scanning microscopy and a Volocity system. Gene expression in transplanted islets was analyzed by the BioMark dynamic system. Results The revascularization process was completed within 14 days after pancreatic islet transplantation at subcutaneous sites. The newly-formed vascular volume surrounding the transplanted islets in the tacrolimus-treated group was significantly less than that in the control group (p<0.05). Although the expression of Vegfa (p<0.05) and Ccnd1 (p<0.05) was significantly upregulated in the tacrolimus-treated group compared with that of the control group, no differences were observed between the groups in terms of other types of gene expression. Conclusions The present study demonstrates that tacrolimus inhibits the revascularization of isolated pancreatic islets without affecting the characteristics of the transplanted grafts. Further refinements of this immunosuppressive regimen, especially regarding the revascularization of islet grafts, could improve the outcome of islet allotransplantation. PMID:23613708

Nishimura, Ryuichi; Nishioka, Sho; Fujisawa, Ikuma; Shiku, Hitoshi; Shimada, Miki; Sekiguchi, Satoshi; Fujimori, Keisei; Ushiyama, Akira; Matsue, Tomokazu; Ohuchi, Noriaki; Satomi, Susumu; Goto, Masafumi

2013-01-01

205

Modifications of Coronary Risk Factors  

PubMed Central

In addition to the revascularization and glycemic management interventions assigned at random, the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes (BARI 2D) design includes the uniform control of major coronary artery disease risk factors, including dyslipidemia, hypertension, smoking, central obesity, and sedentary lifestyle. Target levels for risk factors were adjusted throughout the trial to comply with changes in recommended clinical practice guidelines. At present, the goals are low-density lipoprotein cholesterol <2.59 mmol/L (<100 mg/dL) with an optional goal of <1.81 mmol/L (<70 mg/dL); plasma triglyceride level <1.70 mmol/L (<150 mg/dL); blood pressure level <130 mm Hg systolic and <80 mm Hg diastolic; and smoking cessation treatment for all active smokers. Algorithms were developed for the pharmacologic management of dyslipidemia and hypertension. Dietary prescriptions for the management of glycemia, plasma lipid profiles, and blood pressure levels were adapted from existing clinical practice guidelines. Patients with a body mass index >25 were prescribed moderate caloric restriction; after the trial was under way, a lifestyle weight-management program was instituted. All patients were formally prescribed both endurance and resistance/flexibility exercises, individually adapted to their level of disability and fitness. Pedometers were distributed as a biofeedback strategy. Strategies to achieve the goals for risk factors were designed by BARI 2D working groups (lipid, cardiovascular and hypertension, and nonpharmacologic intervention) and the ongoing implementation of the strategies is monitored by lipid, hypertension, and lifestyle intervention management centers. PMID:16813737

Albu, Jeanine; Gottlieb, Sheldon H.; August, Phyllis; Nesto, Richard W.; Orchard, Trevor J.

2009-01-01

206

Interposition vein graft for giant coronary aneurysm repair  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Coronary aneurysms in adults are rare. Surgical treatment is often concomitant to treating obstructing coronary lesions. However, the ideal treatment strategy is poorly defined. We present a case of successful treatment of a large coronary artery aneurysm with a reverse saphenous interposition vein graft. This modality offers important benefits over other current surgical and percutaneous techniques and should be considered as an option for patients requiring treatment for coronary aneurysms.

Firstenberg, M. S.; Azoury, F.; Lytle, B. W.; Thomas, J. D.

2000-01-01

207

CORONARY ARTERIOGRAPHY  

PubMed Central

The rapid injection of opaque media through a large bore, closed-end, side-hole catheter positioned adjacent to the sinuses of Valsalva reliably opacifies the coronary arteries. The potential toxicity of a rapidly introduced large volume of contrast agent and the necessity of peripheral arteriotomy are drawbacks of this procedure. Such innovations as loop-ended catheters, balloon occlusion of the aorta, percutaneous arterial catheterization and acetylcholine cardiac arrest have been introduced as attempts are made to increase the reliability and safety of coronary arteriography. ImagesFigure 1.Figure 2. PMID:18732385

Bishop, Harry A.; O'Loughlin, Bernard J.

1961-01-01

208

Evaluation of penile revascularization for erectile dysfunction: a 10-year follow-up.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to report long-term success rates for penile revascularization (PR) and investigate factors responsible for failures. During the past 10 y, data were obtained on 52 patients who underwent PR. Surgical technique was selected according to preoperative arteriographic findings. The mean age was 28.5 y and the mean follow-up was 70.8 months. Success was defined as satisfactory intercourse without additional therapy. Overall success was 48%. Patients under 28 y showed a 73% success rate vs 23% in the older ones (P=0.0003). Nonsmokers had a 57% success compared to 29% in smokers (P=0.05). The presence of venous leak and type of procedure had an insignificant impact on success (P=0.33 and 0.23 respectively). To conclude, this curative treatment option is limited to a selective population with vasculogenic erectile dysfunction. We found that the cure rate of this procedure is maintained and long-term follow-up shows good results, especially in the young nonsmokers. PMID:15073607

Vardi, Y; Gruenwald, I; Gedalia, U; Nassar, S; Engel, A; Har-Shai, Y

2004-04-01

209

Incomplete Revascularization is Associated with Higher Risk of Long-Term Mortality after Stenting in the Era of First Generation Drug-Eluting Stents  

PubMed Central

The association between incomplete revascularization (IR) and long-term mortality following stenting in the era of drug-eluting stents (DES) is not well understood. In this study, we test the hypothesis that IR is associated with a higher risk of long-term (5-year) mortality following stenting for multivessel coronary disease. Using data from New York State’s Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Reporting System, 21,767 patients with multivessel disease who underwent stenting between October 2003 and December 2005 were identified. Complete revascularization (CR) was achieved in 6,844 (31.4%) patients, and 14,923 (68.6%) patients were incompletely revascularized. The CR and IR patients were propensity-matched on a 1:1 ratio on the number of diseased vessels, the presence of total occlusion, type of stents, and the probability of achieving CR estimated using a logistic model with established risk factors as independent variables. Patients were followed for vital status until December 31, 2008 using the National Death Index. Differences in survival between the matched CR and IR patients were compared. Among the 6,511 pairs of propensity-matched patients, the 5-year survival rate for IR was lower compared to CR (79.3% vs. 81.4%, P=0.004), and the risk of death during follow-up was 16% higher for IR in comparison to CR (hazard ratio=1.16, 95% confidence interval: 1.06–1.27, P=0.001). In addition, subgroup analyses demonstrated that the association between IR and long-term mortality was not dependent on major patient risk factors. In conclusion, IR is associated with an increased risk of long-term mortality following stenting for multivessel disease in the DES era. PMID:23756548

Wu, Chuntao; Dyer, Anne-Marie; Walford, Gary; Holmes, David R.; King, Spencer B.; Stamato, Nicholas J.; Sharma, Samin; Jacobs, Alice K.; Venditti, Ferdinand J.; Hannan, Edward L.

2013-01-01

210

Delineation of myocardial stunning and hibernation by positron emission tomography in advanced coronary artery disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

With positron emission tomography, the resting flow abnormalities underlying reversible left ventricular dysfunction in 17 patients with chronic coronary artery disease were delineated. The level of flow in reversibly dysfunctional segments (i.e., those demonstrating improvement after revascularization) was markedly variable, ranging from 0.32 to 1.25 ml\\/gm\\/min. In 20 of these segments, flow was preserved, whereas in 12 segments, flow was

Andrea Conversano; John F. Walsh; Edward M. Geltman; Julio E. Perez; Steven R. Bergmann; Robert J. Gropler

1996-01-01

211

Concomitant coronary bypass and below knee amputation in a diabetic patient.  

PubMed

A 57-year-old man presented with unstable angina and uncontrolled diabetes with diabetic foot. It was decided to perform right below knee amputation with coronary revascularization in a single stage. Right below knee amputation was carried out first. The left anterior descending artery, ramus intermedius, and second obtuse marginal branch of the circumflex were bypassed on a beating heart, using saphenous vein grafts. The patient was discharged on the 7th postoperative day after a course of antibiotics. PMID:24887827

Khanna, Surendra Nath; Paul, Mathews; Sharma, Krishnan K; Karlekar, Anil

2014-10-01

212

Coronary arteriography and angioplasty  

SciTech Connect

This book explores biomedical radiography of the heart. Topics considered include six bench marks in the history of cardiac catheterization; normal coronary anatomy; anomalies of the coronary arteries; pathoanotomy of the coronary arteries and complications; indications, limitations, and risks of coronary arteriography and left ventriculography; catheterization techniques in coronary arteriography and left ventriculography: the Sones technique; catheterization techniques in coronary arteriography and left ventriculography: the Judkins technique; modification of Judkins catheters; catheterization techniques in coronary arteriography and left ventriculography multipurpose technique; new views in coronary arteriography; quantitative evaluation of left ventricular function; complications of coronary arteriography: management during and following the procedure; interpretation of coronary arteriograms and left ventriculograms; prevalence and distribution of disease in patients catheterized for suspected coronary disease at Emory University Hospital; the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory; selection for surgery or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty; intracoronary thrombolysis; and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.

King, S.B.; Douglas, J.S.

1985-01-01

213

Invasive cardiac procedure use and mortality among South Asian and Chinese Canadians with coronary artery disease  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Previous studies evaluated cardiac procedure use and outcome over the short term, with relatively few Asian patients included. OBJECTIVES: To determine the likelihood of undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass grafting, and survival during 10.5 years of follow-up after coronary angiography among South Asian, Chinese and other Canadian patients. METHODS: Using prospective cohort study data from two large Canadian provinces, 3061 South Asian, 1473 Chinese and 77,314 other Canadian patients with angiographically proven coronary artery disease from 1995 to 2004 were assessed, and their revascularization and mortality rates during 10.5 years of follow-up were determined. RESULTS: Compared with other Canadian patients, South Asian and Chinese patients were slightly less likely to undergo revascularization (risk-adjusted HR 0.94, 95% CI 0.90 to 0.98 for South Asian patients; and HR 0.94, 95% CI 0.88 to 1.00 for Chinese patients). However, South Asian patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (HR 1.00, 95% CI 0.94 to 1.07) and Chinese patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (HR 0.96, 95% CI 0.89 to 1.04) as frequently as other Canadian patients. Although the 30-day mortality rate was similar across the three ethnic groups, the mortality rate in the follow-up period was significantly lower for South Asian patients (HR 0.76, 95% CI 0.61 to 0.95) and marginally lower for Chinese patients (HR 0.80, 95% CI 0.60 to 1.07) compared with other Canadian patients. CONCLUSIONS: South Asian and Chinese patients used revascularization slightly less but had better survival outcomes than other Canadian patients. The factors underlying the better outcomes for South Asian and Chinese patients warrant further study. PMID:20847970

Quan, Hude; Khan, Nadia; Li, Bing; Humphries, Karin H; Faris, Peter; Galbraith, P Diane; Graham, Michelle; Knudtson, Merril L; Ghali, William A

2010-01-01

214

Long term outcomes of saphaneous vein graft intervention in elderly patients with prior coronary artery bypass graft  

PubMed Central

Objectives To investigate the procedure characteristics and long term follow-up of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for saphaneous vein graft (SVG) lesions in the elderly patients. Methods From December 2005 to December 2011, 84 graft lesions were treated percutaneously. Seventeen were located at proximal anastomosis, 48 were located at SVG body, 19 were located at distal anastomosis. Primary endpoint was defined as major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE, composite of cardiac death, target vessel revascularization, acute myocardial infarction). Results The graft age was 6.7 ± 4.0 years. Most anastomosis lesions (80.0%) presented within one year post coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Proximal anastomosis lesion had the lowest successful rate for PCI compared with graft body and distal anastomosis lesions (70.6% vs. 91.7%, 79.0%, P < 0.05). The distal embolic protection device was used in 19.1% of patients, most frequently used in body graft PCI (29.2%, P < 0.01). The diameter of the stent was smallest in distal anastomosis group (2.9 ± 0.4 mm, P < 0.05). The highest post dilatation pressure was required in the proximal anastomosis (17.8 ± 2.7 atm, P < 0.05). The patients were followed up for 24.3 ± 16.9 months. MACE occurred in 18.57% of patients. Incidence of MACE was highest among proximal anastomosis PCI (47.1% vs. body graft PCI 16.7%, distal anastomosis PCI 21.1%; P < 0.05). Old myocardial infarction was the predictive factor for the poor clinical outcomes (P = 0.04). Conclusions PCI of SVG lesions is feasible with lower success rate. PCI of ostial graft anastomosis lesions had the lowest procedure success rate and highest MACE rate compared with graft body and distal anastomosis lesions. Old myocardial infarction was a predictive factor of poor outcomes. PMID:24748878

Wang, Ji-Hong; Liu, Wei; Du, Xin; Ma, Chang-Sheng; Wu, Xue-Si

2014-01-01

215

Target Lesion Revascularization After Wingspan Assessment of Safety and Durability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Purpose—In-stent restenosis (ISR) occurs in approximately one-third of patients after the percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting of intracranial atherosclerotic lesions with the Wingspan system. We review our experience with target lesion revascularization (TLR) for ISR after Wingspan treatment. Methods—Clinical and angiographic follow-up results were recorded for all patients from 5 participating institutions in our US Wingspan Registry. ISR

David J. Fiorella; Elad I. Levy; Aquilla S. Turk; Felipe C. Albuquerque; G. Lee; Henry H. Woo; Babu G. Welch; David B. Niemann; Phillip D. Purdy; Beverly Aagaard-Kienitz; Peter A. Rasmussen; L. Nelson Hopkins; Thomas J. Masaryk; Cameron G. McDougall

216

Technology Transfer Center | Success Stories  

Cancer.gov

SKIP ALL NAVIGATION SKIP TO SUB MENU Search Site Standard Forms & Agreements Co-Development & Resources Careers & Training Intellectual Property & Inventions About TTC Overview Role of TTC Success Stories Paclitaxel-Eluting Coronary Stent System Laser

217

Novel drug-eluting stents in the treatment of de novo coronary lesions  

PubMed Central

Due to safety concerns in recent years, much effort has been devoted to improving the outcomes associated with drug-eluting stents (DESs). This review summarizes the current status of methodological and technical achievements reported in second-generation DES. Novel stents are described based on the component (the platform, the polymer, and the drug) that has undergone the most significant changes compared to earlier generation DES. An overview of the currently available evidence on the use of novel coronary devices in patients undergoing coronary revascularization is also reviewed. PMID:21415924

Capodanno, Davide; Dipasqua, Fabio; Tamburino, Corrado

2011-01-01

218

The ‘Perfect Storm’ and Acute Coronary Syndrome Onset: Do Psychosocial Factors Play a Role?  

PubMed Central

The revolution in cardiac care over the past two decades, characterized by emergent revascularization, drug eluting stents, anti-platelet medications, and advanced imaging has had little impact on overall ACS recurrence, or ACS prevention. The “Perfect Storm” refers to a confluence of events and processes, including atherosclerotic plaque, coronary flow dynamics, hemostatic and fibrinolytic function, metabolic and inflammatory conditions, neurohormonal dysregulation, and environmental events that give rise to, and result in an ACS event. In this article we illustrate the limits of the traditional main effect research model, giving a brief description of the current state of knowledge regarding the development of atherosclerotic plaque and the rupturing of these plaques that defines an ACS event. We then apply the Perfect Storm conceptualization to describe a program of research concerning a psychosocial vulnerability factor that contributes to increased risk of recurrent ACS and early mortality, and that has defied our efforts to identify underlying pathophysiology and successfully mount efforts to fully mitigate this risk. PMID:23621970

Burg, Matthew M.; Edmondson, Donald; Shimbo, Daichi; Shaffer, Jonathan; Kronish, Ian M.; Whang, William; Alcántara, Carmela; Schwartz, Joseph E.; Muntner, Paul; Davidson, Karina W.

2013-01-01

219

Coronary Subclavian Steal Syndrome: An Unusual Cause of Angina in a Post-CABG Patient  

PubMed Central

Coronary subclavian steal syndrome is a rare complication of coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) when a left internal mammary artery (LIMA) graft is utilized. This syndrome is characterized by retrograde flow from the LIMA to the left subclavian artery (SA) when a proximal left SA stenosis is present. We describe a unique case of an elderly male who underwent CABG 6 years ago who presented with prolonged chest pain, mildly elevated troponins, and unequal pulses in his arms. A CTA of the chest demonstrated a severely calcified occluded proximal left SA jeopardizing his LIMA graft. Subclavian angiography was performed with an attempt to revascularize the patient's occluded left SA which was unsuccessful. We referred the patient for nuclear stress testing which demonstrated a moderate size area of anterior ischemia on imaging; the patient exercised to a fair exercise capacity of 7 METS with no chest pain and no ECG changes. Subsequent coronary angiography showed severe native three-vessel coronary artery disease with intermittent retrograde blood flow from the LIMA to the left SA distal to the occlusion, jeopardizing perfusion to the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery distribution. He declined further options for revascularization and was discharged with medical management. PMID:24872896

Page, Brian J.

2014-01-01

220

Coronary Subclavian Steal Syndrome: An Unusual Cause of Angina in a Post-CABG Patient.  

PubMed

Coronary subclavian steal syndrome is a rare complication of coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) when a left internal mammary artery (LIMA) graft is utilized. This syndrome is characterized by retrograde flow from the LIMA to the left subclavian artery (SA) when a proximal left SA stenosis is present. We describe a unique case of an elderly male who underwent CABG 6 years ago who presented with prolonged chest pain, mildly elevated troponins, and unequal pulses in his arms. A CTA of the chest demonstrated a severely calcified occluded proximal left SA jeopardizing his LIMA graft. Subclavian angiography was performed with an attempt to revascularize the patient's occluded left SA which was unsuccessful. We referred the patient for nuclear stress testing which demonstrated a moderate size area of anterior ischemia on imaging; the patient exercised to a fair exercise capacity of 7 METS with no chest pain and no ECG changes. Subsequent coronary angiography showed severe native three-vessel coronary artery disease with intermittent retrograde blood flow from the LIMA to the left SA distal to the occlusion, jeopardizing perfusion to the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery distribution. He declined further options for revascularization and was discharged with medical management. PMID:24872896

Younus, Usman; Abbott, Brandon; Narasimha, Deepika; Page, Brian J

2014-01-01

221

Management of chronic coronary disease: is the pendulum returning to equipoise?  

PubMed

Over the last 3 decades, our ability to mechanically dilate obstructive coronary arterial stenoses has fundamentally altered our approach to managing patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The result has been a swing from an initial pharmacologic approach to anatomically driven revascularization. An accumulation of clinical evidence provides strong support for such intervention in acute coronary syndromes (ACS). In stable CAD, dilative therapy was believed to be superior based on the assumption that high-risk coronary anatomy or myocardial ischemia increases the risk of future death and myocardial infarction. However, there have been major advances in our understanding of the pathophysiology of ACS and the recognition of the significance of predisposing non-flow-limiting coronary stenoses prone to rupture, as well as increasing insight into plaque and patient vulnerability. This improved understanding of the disease has led to the more aggressive use of appropriately targeted pharmacologic agents and an evolution in what constitutes optimal medical therapy (OMT). Data from recent studies, such as the Clinical Outcomes Utilizing Revascularization and Aggressive Drug Evaluation (COURAGE) trial, support the concept that in patients with stable CAD, OMT alone in this day and age compares favorably with a therapeutic strategy combining OMT with mechanical intervention. Thus, the treatment pendulum may be swinging back to the understanding that "best practice" today requires the judicious use of interventional and medical therapies in the appropriate patient population. PMID:18474277

Boden, William E

2008-05-22

222

Carotid and coronary disease management prior to open and endovascular aortic surgery. What are the current guidelines?  

PubMed

Several bodies produce broadly concurring and updated guidelines for the evaluation and treatment of cardiovascular disease in both surgical and non-surgical patients. Recent developments include revised recommendations on preoperative stress testing, referral for possible coronary revascularization and medical management. It is recognized that non-invasive cardiac tests are relatively poor at predicting perioperative risk, and "prophylactic" coronary revascularization has a limited role. The planned aortic intervention (open or endovascular repair) also influences preoperative management. Patients presenting for elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair should only be referred for cardiological testing if they have active symptoms of coronary artery disease (CAD), known CAD and poor functional exercise capacity, or multiple risk factors for CAD. Coronary revascularization before AAA surgery should be limited to patients with established indications, so cardiac stress testing should only be performed if it would change management i.e. the patient is a candidate for and would benefit from coronary revascularization. When endovascular aortic repair is planned, it is reasonable to proceed to surgery without further cardiac stress testing or evaluation unless otherwise indicated. All non-emergency patients require medical optimization, but perioperative beta blockade benefits only certain patients. Some of the data informing recent guidelines have been questioned and some guidelines are being revised. Current guidelines do not specifically address the management of patients with known or suspected carotid artery disease who may require aortic surgery. For these patients, an individualized approach is required. This review considers recent guidelines. Algorithms for investigation and management based on their recommendations are included. PMID:24796897

Thompson, J P

2014-04-01

223

Potassium Concentration on Admission Is an Independent Risk Factor for Target Lesion Revascularization in Acute Myocardial Infarction  

PubMed Central

Background. Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is accompanied by excessive production of catecholamines, which is characterized by a hypokalemic dip. A polymorphism of the adrenergic receptor has also been reported to be associated with target lesion revascularization (TLR) after coronary intervention. Subjects and Methods. We enrolled 276 consecutive patients with AMI within 24 hours of symptom onset, who underwent emergency coronary intervention using bare metal stents and had examinations over a 5–10-month follow-up period. The patients were divided into tertiles based on their serum potassium level on admission (low K, <3.9; mid K, ?3.9, <4.3; and high K, ?4.3). Results. Sixty-four TLRs were observed in the study. Increased potassium concentration was associated significantly with TLR. Patients in the high K group were about two and a half times more likely to have a TLR after AMI compared to those in the low K group. Multiple logistic analysis showed that potassium level on admission was an independent risk factor for TLR (odds ratio 1.69; confidence interval 1.04 to 2.74; P = 0.036). Conclusions. These findings indicated that increased potassium levels on admission might predict TLRs in AMI patients treated with bare metal stents. PMID:24523655

Fujimoto, Kazuteru; Miyao, Yuji; Koga, Hidenobu; Ishii, Masanobu

2014-01-01

224

CORONARY BYPASS SURGERY VERSUS PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTION: COST-EFFECTIVENESS IN IRAN: A STUDY IN PATIENTS WITH MULTIVESSEL CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE.  

PubMed

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate cost effectiveness of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) versus percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stenting from Iran society perspective. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out to estimate the annual cost and health related quality of life (HRQoL) of 109 patients who underwent coronary revascularization (PCI [n = 75] and CABG [n = 34]). A Markov model has been developed to determine the cost effectiveness of CABG compared with PCI. We used the model to calculate lifetime costs, life-years (LYs), and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) of each strategy. We also used probabilistic sensitivity analysis to test model robustness. Results: We found that discounted QALY lived per person in CABG versus PCI group in 5 years, 10 years, and lifetime time horizon were (3.8 ± 0.13 versus 3.88 ± 0.14), (6.4 ± 0.23 versus 6.33 ± 0.22), and (8.74 ± 0.29 versus 8.33 ± 0.27), respectively. The estimated medical cost of CABG and PCI per patient in 5 years, 10 years, and lifetime time horizon were (USD 6,819 ± 765 versus 9,011 ± 1,816), (USD 8,852 ± 1,348 versus 12,034 ± 2,375), and (USD 14,037± 4,201 versus 18,798 ± 5,821), respectively. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio results showed CABG is a dominate alternative in 10 years and lifetime time horizon. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that despite higher initial cost and lower HRQoL, CABG is a cost-effective revascularization strategy compared with PCI for patients with multivessel coronary artery disease in long-term. PMID:25401422

Javanbakht, Mehdi; Bakhsh, Razieh Yazdani; Mashayekhi, Atefeh; Ghaderi, Hossein; Sadeghi, Masoumeh

2014-11-17

225

Recent advances in the management of chronic stable angina II. Anti-ischemic therapy, options for refractory angina, risk factor reduction, and revascularization  

PubMed Central

The objectives in treating angina are relief of pain and prevention of disease progression through risk reduction. Mechanisms, indications, clinical forms, doses, and side effects of the traditional antianginal agents – nitrates, ?-blockers, and calcium channel blockers – are reviewed. A number of patients have contraindications or remain unrelieved from anginal discomfort with these drugs. Among newer alternatives, ranolazine, recently approved in the United States, indirectly prevents the intracellular calcium overload involved in cardiac ischemia and is a welcome addition to available treatments. None, however, are disease-modifying agents. Two options for refractory angina, enhanced external counterpulsation and spinal cord stimulation (SCS), are presented in detail. They are both well-studied and are effective means of treating at least some patients with this perplexing form of angina. Traditional modifiable risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) – smoking, hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, and obesity – account for most of the population-attributable risk. Individual therapy of high-risk patients differs from population-wide efforts to prevent risk factors from appearing or reducing their severity, in order to lower the national burden of disease. Current American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines to lower risk in patients with chronic angina are reviewed. The Clinical Outcomes Utilizing Revascularization and Aggressive Drug Evaluation (COURAGE) trial showed that in patients with stable angina, optimal medical therapy alone and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with medical therapy were equal in preventing myocardial infarction and death. The integration of COURAGE results into current practice is discussed. For patients who are unstable, with very high risk, with left main coronary artery lesions, in whom medical therapy fails, and in those with acute coronary syndromes, PCI is indicated. Asymptomatic patients with CAD and those with stable angina may defer intervention without additional risk to see if they will improve on optimum medical therapy. For many patients, coronary artery bypass surgery offers the best opportunity for relieving angina, reducing the need for additional revascularization procedures and improving survival. Optimal medical therapy, percutaneous coronary intervention, and surgery are not competing therapies, but are complementary and form a continuum, each filling an important evidence-based need in modern comprehensive management. PMID:20859545

Kones, Richard

2010-01-01

226

Early Surgery after Coronary Revascularization: A Fine Line Between Bleeding and Thrombosis  

PubMed Central

Management of PCI patients undergoing early surgery is still a matter of debate. Noteworthy, PCI patients require a dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), with aspirine and a thienopiridine (clopidogrel, prasugrel, ticagrelor), because of the high risk of stent thrombosis (ST), myocardial infarction (MI) and death, especially within the first month. Indeed, the number of surgical interventions after PCI is actually increasing, and physicians are looking for the best antiplatelet therapy management, in order to reduce both, bleeding and thrombosis risk. In this paper, current guidelines therapy management and new optional strategies to reduce the cardiovascular risk, related to early surgery, are discussed. PMID:25674544

De Biase, C; Capuano, E; De Luca, S; D’Anna, C; Luciano, R; Piscione, F; Trimarco, B; Galasso, G

2015-01-01

227

A probability database for decision-analytic models of coronary revascularization procedures.  

PubMed

The time required to extract probabilities from medical literature is a primary reason decision analysis is not used more frequently for individual patient management decisions. Objective clinical trial information from the medical literature for one management decision was placed in a database which provided probabilities when queried. The database was tested with decision-analytic models of specific patient cases from the medical literature. Performance was assessed in terms of the ability to select trials which resembled the patients' individual characteristics, the number of trials providing probabilities for a given outcome, and the number of follow-up points available for that outcome. The timely assistance the database provides in expediting literature review and synthesis could enable the more common use of decision analysis in management decisions for individual patients. PMID:8563383

Murphy, J F; Marrs, K A; Kahn, M G

1995-01-01

228

Comparison of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting with Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Unprotected Left Main Coronary Artery Disease  

PubMed Central

Purpose Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the optimal treatment option for left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD). However, LMCAD remains a constant topic of discussion between cardiac surgeons and interventional cardiologists. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of LMCAD treatments by comparing the mid-term outcomes of CABG and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using bare metal stents or drug-eluting stents (DESs). Materials and Methods The study population was comprised of 199 consecutive patients admitted with unprotected LMCAD. All of the patients were assigned to PCI (88 patients) or CABG (111 patients). The primary clinical end point indicated death, stroke of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Results Patients assigned to PCI were at higher operative risk than patients scheduled for CABG (6.49±4.09 vs. 4.81±2.67, p=0.0032). Comparison of the group that received DESs with the CABG group did not reveal any differences in major adverse cardio-cerebral events (MACCE) occurrence (21% vs. 16%, p=NS). Patients in the CABG and PCI groups died with similar frequency (11% vs. 16%, p=NS). The mortality rate in the CABG group was higher than among those treated with DES (11% vs. 3%, p=0.049). The rate of ACS was higher in the PCI group than in the CABG group (13% vs. 4%, p=0.016). Conclusion Despite the fact that patients treated with PCI were at higher operative risk, PCI with DES was shown to be comparable to CABG in terms of mortality, stroke and ACS. However, the frequency of repeat revascularizations remains a constant concern with PCI. PMID:22187233

Morawiec, Beata; Fudal, Marcin; Milejski, Wojciech; Jache?, Wojciech; Nowalany-Kozielska, Ewa

2012-01-01

229

Coronary accordion effect mimicking coronary dissection  

PubMed Central

The coronary “accordion” effect is a rare pseudo-complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). It is usually observed due to straightening and shortening of tortuous vessels with stiff guidewires during PCI. In this case report, we present an interesting case of the coronary accordion effect observed in a 52-year-old woman undergoing PCI. PMID:24570759

Balli, Mehmet; Akilli, Rabia Eker; Tekin, Kamuran; Cayli, Murat

2013-01-01

230

Chronic mesenteric ischemia: Time to remember open revascularization  

PubMed Central

Chronic mesenteric ischemia is caused by stenosis or occlusion of one or more visceral arteries. It represents a therapeutic challenge and diagnosis and treatment require close interdisciplinary cooperation between gastroenterologist, vascular surgeon and radiologist. Although endovascular treatment modalities have been developed, the number of restenoses ultimately resulting in treatment failure is high. In patients fit for open surgery, the visceral arteries should be revascularized conventionally. These patients will then experience long term relief from the symptoms, a better quality of life and a better overall survival. PMID:23539677

Keese, Michael; Schmitz-Rixen, Thomas; Schmandra, Thomas

2013-01-01

231

The role of bronchial artery revascularization in lung transplantation.  

PubMed

Long-term survival of lung-transplant patients is 53% at 5 years and 31% at 10 years, lagging behind the survival of other solid organs recipients. Modern lung transplantation has seen a shift from early mortality and complications related to the bronchial anastomosis to late mortality secondary to progressive organ dysfunction; the complex disease process may include elements of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome, obliterative bronchiolitis, chronic rejection, or chronic lung allograft dysfunction. Initial goals of bronchial artery revascularization include reducing the incidence of airway ischemia and improving bronchial healing. Benefits of restored bronchial artery circulation may extend beyond bronchial healing alone. PMID:25430431

Tong, Michael Z; Johnston, Douglas R; Pettersson, Gosta B

2015-01-01

232

Myocardial revascularization with both internal thoracic arteries 25 years after delayed repair for aortic coarctation.  

PubMed

Aortic coarctation has been reported to cause alterations in the internal thoracic arteries that make these vessels unsuitable to be used as grafts for myocardial revascularization, especially if coarctation repair was performed in adulthood. This is the first reported bilateral internal thoracic grafting for myocardial revascularization in a patient who had undergone aortic coarctation repair 25 years earlier. PMID:25398976

Gaudino, Mario; Farina, Piero; Cammertoni, Federico; Massetti, Massimo

2015-02-01

233

Intraoperative blood flow analysis of direct revascularization procedures in patients with moyamoya disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Moyamoya disease is characterized by the progressive stenosis and often occlusion of the terminal internal carotid arteries, which leads to ischemic and hemorrhagic injuries. The etiology is unknown and surgical revascularization remains the mainstay treatment. We analyzed various hemodynamic factors in 292 patients with moyamoya disease, representing 496 revascularization procedures, including vessel dimension and intraoperative blood flow, using a perivascular

Marco Lee; Raphael Guzman; Teresa Bell-Stephens; Gary K Steinberg

2011-01-01

234

Cardiac nociceptive reflexes after transmyocardial laser revascularization: Implications for the neural hypothesis of angina relief  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The mechanism by which transmyocardial laser revascularization relieves angina is not understood. One theory is that laser-induced thermal damage to cardiac nerves results in cardiac denervation. This study examined the acute effects of transmyocardial laser revascularization on reflex responses mediated by cardiac nociceptors, the left ventricular receptors with sympathetic afferent fibers that are thought to mediate anginal chest pain.

Anthony J. Minisi; On Topaz; M. Susan Quinn; Laxmi B. Mohanty

2001-01-01

235

Acute Coronary Syndromes: Diagnosis and Management, Part I  

PubMed Central

The term acute coronary syndrome (ACS) refers to any group of clinical symptoms compatible with acute myocardial ischemia and includes unstable angina (UA), non—ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). These high-risk manifestations of coronary atherosclerosis are important causes of the use of emergency medical care and hospitalization in the United States. A quick but thorough assessment of the patient's history and findings on physical examination, electrocardiography, radiologic studies, and cardiac biomarker tests permit accurate diagnosis and aid in early risk stratification, which is essential for guiding treatment. High-risk patients with UA/NSTEMI are often treated with an early invasive strategy involving cardiac catheterization and prompt revascularization of viable myocardium at risk. Clinical outcomes can be optimized by revascularization coupled with aggressive medical therapy that includes anti-ischemic, antiplatelet, anticoagulant, and lipid-lowering drugs. Evidence-based guidelines provide recommendations for the management of ACS; however, therapeutic approaches to the management of ACS continue to evolve at a rapid pace driven by a multitude of large-scale randomized controlled trials. Thus, clinicians are frequently faced with the problem of determining which drug or therapeutic strategy will achieve the best results. This article summarizes the evidence and provides the clinician with the latest information about the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and risk stratification of ACS and the management of UA/NSTEMI. PMID:19797781

Kumar, Amit; Cannon, Christopher P.

2009-01-01

236

Effect of Glycoprotein IIb\\/IIIa Receptor Blockade on Recovery of Coronary Flow and Left Ventricular Function After the Placement of Coronary-Artery Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—Apart from its established effects on vessel patency after percutaneous coronary revascularization, glycoprotein IIb\\/IIIa receptor blockade by abciximab may improve myocardial perfusion by inhibition of the interaction of platelets and platelet aggregates with the microvasculature. We investigated the effect of abciximab with stent placement in acute myocardial infarction. Methods and Results—In a prospective randomized trial, patients undergoing stenting in acute

Franz-Josef Neumann; Rudolf Blasini; Claus Schmitt; Eckhard Alt; Josef Dirschinger; Meinrad Gawaz; Adnan Kastrati; Albert Schomig

237

New Treatment Applying Low Level Laser Therapy for Acute Dehiscence Saphenectomy in Post Myocardial Revascularization.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introduction: In Brazil, the main cause of death is the coronary heart disease and the surgical treatment applied in such cases is the Myocardial Revascularization (MR). Patients undergoing to MR through saphenous vein bypass development dehiscence in 10% of the cases. Dehiscence of surgical incision through Biomodulation treatment with Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) in patients who underwent to MR seems to be an unprecedented new therapy and a less invasive technique, which can benefit patients and Institutions, reducing costs. Methodology: It was analyzed 7 diabetic patients, mean age 51, 8 years old that post MR surgery presented dehiscence of the saphenectomy incision on lower limb with erithema, edema and pain. The wounds area varies from 2,2 until 34,8 cm and deep from 0,1 until 1,1 cm. It was used only Diode Laser C.W. (655 nm wavelength), Power = 25 mW, Time = 30 s, Fluence = 4 J/cm2 applied punctually around surgical wound's sore, by 2 cm distance. Results: It was observed granulated tissue all around the incision, as well as decreased inflammatory process, reduction fibrin and wound's size, besides analgesic effect since the first application. It was required in superficial wounds only 3 applications, while in the extensive wounds 8-10 applications were necessary. The LLLT has shown a remarkable role as a wound healing facilitated agent, reflecting the reduction of inflammatory process and improving analgesia. Conclusion: LLLT assisted dehiscence post saphenectomy showed a substantial improvement to the patient's quality of life, with a cost-effectiveness treatment that can benefit both patients and Institutions as an effective and less invasive therapy.

Pinto, Nathali Cordeiro; Shoji, Nara; Junior, Mauro Favoretto; Muramatso, Mikiya; Chavantes, Maria Cristina; Stolf, Noedir A. G.

2008-04-01

238

Prognostic Value of Multidetector Computed Tomography Coronary Angiography in Diabetes  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To assess the prognostic role of multidetector computed tomography coronary angiography (MDCT-CA) in patients with diabetes with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Use of MDCT-CA is increasing in patients with suspected CAD. However, data supporting its prognostic value in patients with diabetes are limited. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Between January 2006 and September 2007, 429 consecutive diabetic patients were prospectively studied with MDCT-CA for detecting the presence and assessing the extent of CAD (disease extension and coronary plaque scores). Patients were classified according to the presence of normal coronary arteries and nonobstructive (<50%) and obstructive (?50%) coronary lesions. The composite rates of hard cardiac events (cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, unstable angina) and all cardiac events (including revascularization) were the end points of the study. RESULTS Twenty-four patients were excluded because MDCT-CA data were not able to be interpreted. Of the remaining 405 patients, clinical follow-up (mean 62 ± 9 months) was obtained in 390 (98%). Multivariate analysis showed that predictors of hard and all events were obstructive CAD, three-vessel CAD, and left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease. Cumulative event-free survival was 100% for hard and all events in patients with normal coronary arteries, 78% for hard events and 56% for all events in patients with nonobstructive CAD, and 60% for hard events and 16% for all events in patients with obstructive CAD. Three-vessel CAD and LMCA disease were associated with a higher rate of hard cardiac events. CONCLUSIONS MDCT-CA provides long-term prognostic information for patients with diabetes with suspected CAD, showing excellent prognosis when there is no evidence of atherosclerosis and allowing risk stratification when CAD is present. PMID:23801796

Andreini, Daniele; Pontone, Gianluca; Mushtaq, Saima; Bertella, Erika; Conte, Edoardo; Baggiano, Andrea; Veglia, Fabrizio; Agostoni, Piergiuseppe; Annoni, Andrea; Formenti, Alberto; Montorsi, Piero; Ballerini, Giovanni; Bartorelli, Antonio L.; Fiorentini, Cesare; Pepi, Mauro

2013-01-01

239

Coronary Stents in Patients with ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction and Chronic Kidney Disease Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention  

PubMed Central

Background and Objectives Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with poor outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We sought to compare different coronary stents used during primary PCI in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and CKD. Subjects and Methods We selected 2408 consecutive STEMI patients with CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m2) undergoing primary PCI and divided them into 5 groups based on the type of stent implanted: 1) bare metal stent (BMS), 2) paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES), 3) sirolimus-eluting stent (SES), 4) zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES), or 5) everolimus-eluting stent (EES). The study endpoint was the number of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 12 months. Results There was no significant difference in the incidence of 12-month myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization, or target vessel revascularization between stent groups; however, the overall rate of repeat revascularization differed significantly between groups. All-cause death differed significantly among the groups. The incidence of 12-month MACE in BMS, PES, SES, ZES, and EES was 8.3%, 9.8%, 8.6%, 5.5%, and 2.6%, respectively (p<0.001). Kaplan-Meier analysis did not show a significant differences in 12-month MACE-free survival among the groups (log-rank p=0.076). This finding remained the same after adjusting for multiple confounders (p=0.147). Conclusion Any of the 5 stents can be used to treat STEMI patients with CKD undergoing primary PCI; all have similar risk of 12-month MACE. This result is hypothesis-generating and warrants further evaluation with a long-term randomized study. PMID:23323121

Ahmed, Khurshid; Chakraborty, Rabin; Ahmed, Sumera; Hong, Young Joon; Sim, Doo Sun; Park, Keun Ho; Kim, Ju Han; Ahn, Youngkeun; Kang, Jung Chaee; Cho, Myeong Chan; Kim, Chong Jin; Kim, Young Jo

2012-01-01

240

Coronary CT angiography for acute chest pain in the emergency department.  

PubMed

Acute chest pain in the emergency department (ED) is a common and costly public health challenge. The traditional strategy of evaluating acute chest pain by hospital or ED observation over a period of several hours, serial electrocardiography and cardiac biomarkers, and subsequent diagnostic testing such as physiologic stress testing is safe and effective. Yet this approach has been criticized for being time intensive and costly. This review evaluates the current medical evidence which has demonstrated the potential for coronary CT angiography (CTA) assessment of acute chest pain to safely reduce ED cost, time to discharge, and rate of hospital admission. These benefits must be weighed against the risk of ionizing radiation exposure and the influence of ED testing on rates of downstream coronary angiography and revascularization. Efforts at radiation minimization have quickly evolved, implementing technology such as prospective electrocardiographic gating and high pitch acquisition to significantly reduce radiation exposure over just a few years. CTA in the ED has demonstrated accuracy, safety, and the ability to reduce ED cost and crowding although its big-picture effect on total hospital and health care system cost extends far beyond the ED. The net effect of CTA is dependent also on the prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in the population where CTA is used, which significantly influences rates of post-CTA invasive procedures such as angiography and coronary revascularization. These potential costs and benefits will warrant careful consideration and prospective monitoring as additional hospitals continue to implement this important technology into their diagnostic regimen. PMID:25301041

Staniak, Henrique Lane; Bittencourt, Marcio Sommer; Pickett, Christopher; Cahill, Michael; Kassop, David; Slim, Ahmad; Blankstein, Ron; Hulten, Edward

2014-01-01

241

RESOURCE USE TRAJECTORIES FOR AGED MEDICARE BENEFICIARIES WITH COMPLEX CORONARY CONDITIONS  

PubMed Central

Objective To use coronary revascularization choice to illustrate the application of a method simulating a treatment's effect on subsequent resource use. Data sources Medicare inpatient and outpatient claims from 2002–2008 for patients receiving multi-vessel revascularization for symptomatic coronary disease in 2003–2004. Study design This retrospective cohort study of 102,877 beneficiaries assessed survival, days in institutional settings, and Medicare payments for up to six years following receipt of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods A three-part estimator designed to provide robust estimates of a treatment's effect in the setting of mortality and censored follow-up was used. The estimator decomposes the treatment effect into effects attributable to survival differences versus treatment-related intensity of resource use. Principal findings After adjustment, on average CABG recipients survived 23 days longer, spent an 11 additional days in institutional settings, and had cumulative Medicare payments that were $12,834 higher than PCI recipients. The majority of the differences in institutional days and payments were due to intensity rather than survival effects. Conclusions In this example, the survival benefit from CABG was modest and the resource implications were substantial, although further adjustments for treatment selection are needed. PMID:23347002

Federspiel, Jerome J.; Stearns, Sally C.; D'Arcy, Laura P.; Geissler, Kimberley H.; Beadles, Christopher A.; Crespin, Daniel J.; Carey, Timothy S.; Rossi, Joseph S.; Sheridan, Brett C.

2013-01-01

242

Physiological alterations secondary to perfusion and revascularization of canine intestine.  

PubMed Central

Our studies suggest that the perfusion rates of canine intestinal segments during extracorporeal perfusion are directly related to the quality of preservation; namely, better preserved specimens exhibit higher perfusion rates and vice versa. Production of intraluminal fluid (ILF) during preservation and following revascularization is related to the quality of preservation. Poorly preserved intestine seems generally to produce more fluid than well preserved specimens. Conversely, continuous pulsatile perfusion techniques resulted in more ILF production than specimens perfused with low-flow gravity-dependent systems. Ex vivo intestinal perfusion resulted in organ oedema inversely proportional to the quality of preservation. Poor preservation is also associated with washout of potassium, lactic dehydrogenase, and tissue acidosis both during preservation and revascularization. Perfusion with a high concentration of potassium ions results in poor preservation presumably owing to vasoconstriction. Mucosal malperfusion as demonstrated by the Microfil technique is the circulatory abnormality most closely associated with inadequate preservation. Smooth-muscle function, as measured by electrical activity recordings, is well preserved by pulsatile flow methods, whereas gravity perfusion results in disorganized and spastic muscular activity. The best preservation appeared to be obtained by the use of pulsatile flow with cryoprecipitated plasma as the perfusate. Images Fig. 7 Fig. 8 Fig. 9 Fig. 10 Fig. 11 Fig. 12 Fig. 13 Fig. 14 PMID:540097

Schiller, W. R.; Suriyapa, C.; Long, R. A.

1979-01-01

243

Use of a Heart Team in Decision-Making for Patients with Complex Coronary Disease at Hospitals in Michigan Prior to Guideline Endorsement  

PubMed Central

Background Revascularization decisions can profoundly impact patient survival, quality of life, and procedural risk. Although use of Heart Teams to make revascularization decisions is growing, data on their implementation in the real-world are limited. Our objective was to assess the prevalence of Heart Teams and their association with collaboration in routine practice. Methods A survey of cardiologists and cardiac surgeons at 31 hospitals in Michigan was performed in May, 2011 – prior to the recommendation for using Heart Teams in national guidelines. This survey included all percutaneous coronary intervention-performing hospitals in Michigan participating in the Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Michigan Cardiovascular Consortium and Michigan Society of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons Quality Collaborative. It targeted both the use of Heart Teams and multidisciplinary Case Conferences. Results There were 53 physician survey respondents from 27 hospitals with 4 hospitals not responding. Among respondents, 11 (40.7%) hospitals reported no Heart Teams or Case Conferences while 7 (25.9%) hospitals reported either a Heart Team or Case Conference. However, there was disagreement about the presence of a Heart Team at seven hospitals, and about Case Conferences at nine hospitals. Hospitals with definite Heart Teams reported significantly greater levels of collaboration between cardiologists and cardiac surgeons. Conclusion The overall presence of Heart Teams prior to their recommendation in national guidelines was limited. Even among hospitals with a potential Heart Team, there was substantial disagreement between respondents about their presence. Further refinement of the definition of a Heart Team and measures of successful implementation are needed. PMID:25415332

Bruckel, Jeffrey T.; Gurm, Hitinder S.; Seth, Milan; Prager, Richard L.; Jensen, Andrea; Nallamothu, Brahmajee K.

2014-01-01

244

Minimally invasive direct coronary bypass grafting versus percutaneous coronary intervention for single-vessel disease: a meta-analysis of 2885 patients†.  

PubMed

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) grafting are both established therapeutic options for single-vessel disease of the left anterior descending artery (LAD). The present systematic review with meta-analysis aims to determine the current strength of evidence for or against PCI and MIDCAB for revascularization of the LAD. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) and observational trials (OTs) that reported clinical outcome after isolated LAD revascularization. Analysed postoperative outcomes included major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs), all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction and stroke. Pooled treatment effects [odds ratio (OR) or weighted mean difference (WMD), 95% confidence intervals (95% CI)] were assessed using a fixed- or random-effects model. A total of 2885 patients from 12 studies (6 RCTs, 6 OTs) were identified after a literature search of major databases using a predefined list of keywords. PCI of the LAD was performed in 60.7% (n = 1751) and MIDCAB in 39.3% of patients (n = 1126). Pooled-effect estimates revealed an increased incidence for MACCEs after PCI (OR 1.98; 95% CI 1.45-2.69; P < 0.0001) 6 months after the procedure. Especially, PCI was particularly associated with an increased odds for target vessel revascularization (OR 2.11; 95% CI 1.00-4.47; P = 0.0295). No differences with regard to stroke, myocardial infarction and all-cause mortality were observed between both revascularization strategies. Patients after PCI had a shorter length of hospital stay (WMD -3.37 days; 95% CI (-)4.92 to (-)1.81; P < 0.0001). In conclusion, the present systematic review underscores the superiority of MIDCAB over PCI for treatment of single-vessel disease of the LAD. PMID:25100715

Deppe, Antje-Christin; Liakopoulos, Oliver J; Kuhn, Elmar W; Slottosch, Ingo; Scherner, Maximilian; Choi, Yeong-Hoon; Rahmanian, Parwis B; Wahlers, Thorsten

2015-03-01

245

The Defense Mechanisms of Coronary Patients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tested 73 male inpatients with coronary heart disease on the Defense Mechanisms Inventory, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and a perception of health measure. Subjects were followed for five years. Principalization was discovered to be the most successful and projection the least successful defense. (JAC)

Peglar, Marian; Borgen, Fred H.

1984-01-01

246

Coronary intervention for acute coronary syndrome in a 51-year-old man with immune thrombocytopenic purpura: a case report  

PubMed Central

Introduction Treatment of the rare cases of patients with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura with acute coronary syndrome can be a significant problem. The patient in our case report was treated successfully with percutaneous coronary intervention. Case presentation A 51-year-old man of Turkish origin who had idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura was admitted to our hospital with severe chest pain. His electrocardiography was normal on admission but dynamic ischemic changes were observed during follow-up. He underwent immediate coronary angiography. In his angiography, left anterior descending artery stenosis was 90% together with the diagonal ostium. Percutaneous coronary intervention was performed successfully. Bleeding complications were not observed after the procedure. Conclusions We report the presence of a rare case of chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in a patient with acute coronary syndrome. In this situation a serious multidisciplinary approach is required before coronary intervention. PMID:24950596

2014-01-01

247

Hemodynamic support with a percutaneous left ventricular assist device during stenting of an unprotected left main coronary artery.  

PubMed

Coronary artery bypass grafting prolongs survival in patients with left main coronary artery stenosis. However, this benefit is denied to patients who refuse the procedure or who are poor surgical candidates due to comorbid conditions. We describe a novel technique for the percutaneous revascularization of stenosis in an unprotected left main coronary artery in high-risk patients. The TandemHeart, a percutaneously inserted left ventricular assist device, was used to provide periprocedural hemodynamic support during angioplasty and stenting of an unprotected left main coronary artery for stenosis in a 70-year-old woman. The device was removed immediately after the procedure, and the patient was discharged from the hospital on the 2nd postprocedural day. The potential advantages of angioplasty with the support of percutaneous left ventricular assist devices in high-risk patients are discussed. PMID:15061632

Kar, Biswajit; Butkevich, Alexander; Civitello, Andrew B; Nawar, Mohamad A; Walton, Brian; Messner, Gregory N; Gregoric, Igor D; Feldman, James; Myers, Timothy J; Gemmato, Courtney; Delgado, Reynolds M

2004-01-01

248

Myocardial Revascularization in Dyalitic Patients: In-Hospital Period Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Background Coronary artery bypass grafting currently is the best treatment for dialytic patients with multivessel coronary disease, but hospital morbidity and mortality related to procedure is still high. Objective Evaluate results and in-hospital outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting in dialytic patients. Methods Retrospective unicentric study including 50 consecutive and not selected dialytic patients, who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting in a tertiary university hospital from 2007 to 2012. Results High prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors was observed (100% hypertensive, 68% diabetic and 40% dyslipidemic). There was no intra-operative death and 60% of the procedures were performed off-pump. There were seven (14%) in-hospital deaths. Postoperative infection, previous heart failure, cardiopulmonary bypass, abnormal ventricular function and surgical re-exploration were associated with increased mortality. Conclusion Coronary artery bypass grafting is feasible to dialytic patients although high in-hospital morbidity and mortality. It is necessary better understanding about metabolic aspects to plan adequate interventions. PMID:24270865

Miranda, Matheus; Hossne, Nelson Américo; Branco, João Nelson Rodrigues; Vargas, Guilherme Flora; da Fonseca, José Honório de Almeida Palma; Pestana, José Osmar Medina de Abreu; Juliano, Yara; Buffolo, Enio

2014-01-01

249

Acute coronary syndrome in a patient with a single coronary artery arising from the right sinus of Valsalva.  

PubMed

Coronary artery anomalies are usually encountered as coincidental findings during coronary angiography or at autopsy. Life threatening symptoms, such as arrhythmias, syncope, myocardial infarction, or sudden death, can occur in up to 20% of patients. However, the majority of anomalies (80%) are benign and asymptomatic. A single coronary artery (SCA) is one of the most rarely seen coronary anomalies with an incidence of 0.05%. We report the case of a 55-year old male patient who presented with symptoms of chest pain associated with an acute myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography revealed an anomalous left main coronary artery (LMCA) originating from the right coronary ostium, and an occluded distal right coronary artery. The occluded distal right coronary artery was successfully treated by thrombosuction and stenting. In order to confirm the origin and course of the SCA, multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) of the heart was performed after coronary angiography. MSCT showed that the anomalous LMCA originated from the right coronary artery ostium and then passed the interventricular septum, instead of being intra arterial, and under the right ventricular infundibulum. The anomalous LMCA was classified as R-II S subtype according to Lipton's classification. PMID:22953025

Liesting, Crista; Brugts, Jasper Jan; Kofflard, Marcellinus Johannes Maria; Dirkali, Attila

2012-08-26

250

Reduced cerebral embolic signals in beating heart coronary surgery detected by transcranial Doppler ultrasound.  

PubMed

Cerebral emboli detected by transcranial Doppler imaging were recorded in 20 patients undergoing multiple-vessel coronary artery bypass surgery, either with or without cardiopulmonary bypass, in a prospective unblinded comparative study. Emboli were recorded continuously from the time of pericardial incision until 10 min after the last aortic instrumentation. The numbers of coronary grafts and of aortic clampings were also documented. Patients undergoing revascularization with cardiopulmonary bypass had more emboli (median 79, range 38-876) per case compared with patients having off-pump surgery (median 3, range 0-18). No clinically detectable neurological deficits were seen in either group. Beating heart surgery is associated with fewer emboli than coronary surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Further research is necessary to determine whether a smaller number of emboli alters the incidence of neurological deficit after cardiac surgery. PMID:10844840

Watters, M P; Cohen, A M; Monk, C R; Angelini, G D; Ryder, I G

2000-05-01

251

Platelet neuropeptide Y is critical for ischemic revascularization in mice  

PubMed Central

We previously reported that the sympathetic neurotransmitter neuropeptide Y (NPY) is potently angiogenic, primarily through its Y2 receptor, and that endogenous NPY is crucial for capillary angiogenesis in rodent hindlimb ischemia. Here we sought to identify the source of NPY responsible for revascularization and its mechanisms of action. At d 3, NPY?/? mice demonstrated delayed recovery of blood flow and limb function, consistent with impaired collateral conductance, while ischemic capillary angiogenesis was reduced (?70%) at d 14. This biphasic temporal response was confirmed by 2 peaks of NPY activation in rats: a transient early increase in neuronally derived plasma NPY and increase in platelet NPY during late-phase recovery. Compared to NPY-null platelets, collagen-activated NPY-rich platelets were more mitogenic (?2-fold vs. ?1.6-fold increase) for human microvascular endothelial cells, and Y2/Y5 receptor antagonists ablated this difference in proliferation. In NPY+/+ mice, ischemic angiogenesis was prevented by platelet depletion and then restored by transfusion of platelets from NPY+/+ mice, but not NPY?/? mice. In thrombocytopenic NPY?/? mice, transfusion of wild-type platelets fully restored ischemia-induced angiogenesis. These findings suggest that neuronally derived NPY accelerates the early response to femoral artery ligation by promoting collateral conductance, while platelet-derived NPY is critical for sustained capillary angiogenesis.—Tilan, J. U., Everhart, L. M., Abe, K., Kuo-Bonde, L., Chalothorn, D., Kitlinska, J., Burnett, M. S., Epstein, S. E., Faber, J. E., Zukowska, Z. Platelet neuropeptide Y is critical for ischemic revascularization in mice. PMID:23457218

Tilan, Jason U.; Everhart, Lindsay M.; Abe, Ken; Kuo-Bonde, Lydia; Chalothorn, Dan; Kitlinska, Joanna; Burnett, Mary Susan; Epstein, Stephen E.; Faber, James E.; Zukowska, Zofia

2013-01-01

252

Clinical and economic studies of eptifibatide in coronary stenting  

PubMed Central

Platelet adhesion and aggregation at the site of coronary stenting can have catastrophic clinical and economic consequences. Therefore, effective platelet inhibition is vital during and after percutaneous coronary intervention. Eptifibatide is an intravenous antiplatelet agent that blocks the final common pathway of platelet aggregation and thrombus formation by binding to glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptors on the surface of platelets. In clinical studies, eptifibatide was associated with a significant reduction of mortality, myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularization in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. However, recent trials conducted in the era of dual antiplatelet therapy and newer anticoagulants failed to demonstrate similar results. The previously seen favorable benefit of eptifibatide was mainly offset by the increased risk of bleeding. Current American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines recommend its use as an adjunct in high-risk patients who are undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with traditional anticoagulants (heparin or enoxaparin), who are not otherwise at high risk of bleeding. In patients receiving bivalirudin (a newer safer anticoagulant), routine use of eptifibatide is discouraged except in select situations (eg, angiographic complications). Although older pharmacoeconomic studies favor eptifibatide, in the current era of P2Y12 inhibitors and newer safer anticoagulants, the increased costs associated with bleeding make the routine use of eptifibatide an economically nonviable option. The cost-effectiveness of eptifibatide with the use of strategies that decrease the bleeding risk (eg, transradial access) is unknown. This review provides an overview of key clinical and economic studies of eptifibatide well into the current era of potent antiplatelet agents, novel safer anticoagulants, and contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention. PMID:25120366

Pasala, Tilak; Sattayaprasert, Prasongchai; Bhat, Pradeep K; Athappan, Ganesh; Gandhi, Sanjay

2014-01-01

253

Coronary Artery Disease in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Clinical Update  

PubMed Central

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with CKD. The outcomes of CAD are poorer in patients with CKD. In addition to traditional risk factors, several uremia-related risk factors such as inflammation, oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, coronary artery calcification, hyperhomocysteinemia, and immunosuppressants have been associated with accelerated atherosclerosis. A number of uremia-related biomarkers are identified as predictors of cardiac outcomes in CKD patients. The symptoms of CAD may not be typical in patients with CKD. Both dobutamine stress echocardiography and radionuclide myocardial perfusion imaging have moderate sensitivity and specificity in detecting obstructive CAD in CKD patients. Invasive coronary angiography carries a risk of contrast nephropathy in patients with advanced CKD. It should be reserved for those patients with a high risk for CAD and those who would benefit from revascularization. Guideline-recommended therapies are, in general, underutilized in renal patients. Medical therapy should be considered the initial strategy for clinically stable CAD. The effects of statins in patients with advanced CKD have been neutral despite a lipid-lowering effect. Compared to non-CKD population, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with higher procedure complications, restenosis, and future cardiac events even in the drug-eluting stent era in patients with CKD. Compared with PCI, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) reduces repeat revascularizations but is associated with significant perioperative morbidity and mortality. Screening for CAD is an important part of preoperative evaluation for kidney transplant candidates. PMID:24527682

Cai, Qiangjun; Mukku, Venkata K.; Ahmad, Masood

2013-01-01

254

Coronary heart disease  

MedlinePLUS

Heart disease, Coronary heart disease, Coronary artery disease; Arteriosclerotic heart disease; CHD; CAD ... al. Effectiveness-Based Guidelines for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Women--2011 Update:a guideline from the ...

255

Coronary Heart Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... from the NHLBI on Twitter. What Is Coronary Heart Disease? Español Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a ... Red: Eileen's Story 10/14/2014 Celebrating American Heart Month: NIH Advancing Heart Research 10/14/2014 ...

256

Directional coronary atherectomy (DCA)  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... the coronary arteries and allow more blood to flow to the heart muscle and ease the pain ... within the coronary artery to keep the vessel open. After the intervention is completed the doctor injects ...

257

From coronary artery disease to heart failure: Role of the hibernating myocardium  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hibernating myocardium is defined as persistently impaired myocardial and left ventricular (LV) function at rest resulting from reduced myocardial blood flow. It may occur in unstable angina and chronic stable angina, acute myocardial infarction, and LV dysfunction and congestive heart failure. Recovery of the hibernating myocardium has clearly been shown to occur with the establishment of successful revascularization either by

Shahbudin H. Rahimtoola

1995-01-01

258

Coronary bypass using bilateral internal mammary arteries in an achondroplast.  

PubMed

Coronary bypass grafting for ischemic heart disease in achondroplastic dwarfs is very rare. Shortage of veins and inadequate vein quality may cause difficulties during surgery. Only 2 cases of coronary bypass surgery in an achondroplastic dwarf, in which the left internal mammary artery and vein grafts were used, have been reported. We describe the case of a 55-year-old male achondroplastic dwarf who had triple-vessel coronary disease and underwent successful coronary bypass surgery using one saphenous vein graft and bilateral internal mammary artery grafts. The anatomic and surgical challenges in achondroplasia are highlighted. PMID:24887865

Alassal, Mohamed Abdulwahab; Youssef, Mostafa; Koudieh, Mohammed

2015-01-01

259

Serial Changes in Response of Hibernating Myocardium to Inotropic Stimulation After Revascularization: A Dobutamine Echocardiographic Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. We sought to evaluate the serial changes in the response of the hibernating myocardium to dobutamine stimulation after revascularization.Background. An improvement in myocardial contraction during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE), particularly a biphasic response, predicts recovery of rest function. However, little is known about the changes in the response of the myocardium to dobutamine after revascularization.Methods. Thirty-four patients with stable

Imran Afridi; Usman Qureshi; Helen A Kopelen; William L Winters; William A Zoghbi

1997-01-01

260

Controversies of oral antiplatelet therapy in acute coronary syndromes and percutaneous coronary intervention.  

PubMed

Platelet activation is a pivotal event in the pathophysiology of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and has a substantial impact on the outcomes in these settings. Aggressive implementation of antiplatelet therapy has significantly decreased adverse cardiovascular events, such as death, myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and repeat revascularization. Although the widespread use of aspirin has contributed to this improvement, many patients continue to have a significant risk of recurrent events during the ensuing months to years. The advent of other antiplatelet agents, notably the thienopyridine clopidogrel bisulfate has heralded a new era of combined antiplatelet blockade, offering the hope of better outcomes. Recently, clinical trials have tested the use of dual oral antiplatelet blockade and have shown impressive results. Notably, the Clopidogrel in Unstable Angina to Prevent Recurrent Events (CURE) trial found that dual therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin in ACS reduced adverse cardiovascular events by 20% at 1 year (p < 0.001). The PCI-CURE substudy of CURE and the Clopidogrel for the Reduction of Events During Observation (CREDO) trial demonstrated that these benefits extend to patients undergoing both urgent and elective PCI. This article will explore the current role of and controversies in oral antiplatelet therapy after ACS and PCI. PMID:15630671

Rajagopal, Vivek; Bhatt, Deepak L

2004-12-01

261

A novel platinum chromium everolimus-eluting stent for the treatment of coronary artery disease  

PubMed Central

The development of coronary stents represents a major step forward in the treatment of obstructive coronary artery disease since the introduction of percutaneous coronary intervention. The initial enthusiasm for bare metal stents was, however, tempered by a significant incidence of in-stent restenosis, the manifestation of excessive neointima hyperplasia within the stented vessel segment, ultimately leading to target vessel revascularization. Later, drug-eluting stents, with controlled local release of antiproliferative agents, consistently reduced this need for repeat revascularization. In turn, the long-term safety of first-generation drug-eluting stents was brought into question with the observation of an increased incidence of late stent thrombosis, often presenting as myocardial infarction or sudden death. Since then, new drugs, polymers, and platforms for drug elution have been developed to improve stent safety and preserve efficacy. Development of a novel platinum chromium alloy with high radial strength and high radiopacity has enabled the design of a new, thin-strut, flexible, and highly trackable stent platform, while simultaneously improving stent visibility. Significant advances in polymer coating, serving as a drug carrier on the stent surface, and in antiproliferative agent technology have further improved the safety and clinical performance of newer-generation drug-eluting stents. This review will provide an overview of the novel platinum chromium everolimus-eluting stents that are currently available. The clinical data from major clinical trials with these devices will be summarized and put into perspective. PMID:23818756

Bennett, Johan; Dubois, Christophe

2013-01-01

262

Paclitaxel-coated balloon versus drug-eluting stent during PCI of small coronary vessels, a prospective randomised clinical trial. The PICCOLETO Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundPercutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of small vessels is limited by an increased risk of restenosis and adverse outcome, even when drug-eluting stents (DES) are employed. In recent years, the paclitaxel-coated balloon (PCB) has been shown to reduce neointimal proliferation and the need for target lesion revascularization (TLR) in an in-stent restenosis setting. The impact of a PCB during PCI of

Bernardo Cortese; Andrea Micheli; Andrea Picchi; Amelia Coppolaro; Loria Bandinelli; Silva Severi; Ugo Limbruno

2010-01-01

263

New Report of Severe Coronary Artery Disease in an Eighteen-Year-Old Girl with Pseudoxanthoma ElasticumCase Report and Review of the Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

An eighteen-year-old woman with pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) suffered from mild angina pectoris over a ten-year period. Severe triple-vessel disease with mild left ventric ular dysfunction was demonstrated on angiography. No revascularization was feasible. Despite a reported high frequency of angina pectoris among patients with PXE, only 10 convincing reports have appeared in the literature. Careful coronary artery evaluation is required

Jean-Philippe Kévorkian; Christiane Masquet; Suzanne Kural-Ménasché; Olivier Le Dref; Philippe Beaufils

1997-01-01

264

Coronary bypass surgery in women: a long-term comparative study of quality of life after bilateral internal mammary artery grafting in men and women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Coronary bypass surgery carries a higher operative mortality and less favorable long-term clinical benefits for women than men. The impact of arterial revascularization on long-term results, including quality of life (QOL) in women, compared with men, has not been clearly defined.Methods. A retrospective analysis was performed comparing 261 consecutive women patients from a single surgical practice receiving bilateral internal

Paul A Kurlansky; Ernest A Traad; David L Galbut; Samuel Singer; Melinda Zucker; George Ebra EdD

2002-01-01

265

Medical Costs and Quality of Life 10 to 12 Years After Randomization to Angioplasty or Bypass Surgery for Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—Coronary bypass surgery (CABG) and angioplasty (PTCA) have been compared in several randomized trials, but data about long-term economic and quality-of-life outcomes are limited. Methods and Results—Cost and quality-of-life data were collected prospectively from 934 patients who were randomized in the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation (BARI) and followed up for 10 to12 years. CABG had 53% higher costs initially, but

Mark A. Hlatky; Derek B. Boothroyd; Kathryn A. Melsop; Maria M. Brooks; Daniel B. Mark; Bertram Pitt; Guy S. Reeder; William J. Rogers; Thomas J. Ryan; Patrick L. Whitlow; Robert D. Wiens

2009-01-01

266

Synergy Between Direct Coronary Stenting Technique and Use of the Novel Thin Strut Cobalt Chromium Skylor™ Stent: the Mace in Follow Up Patients Treated with Skylor Stent [MILES Study  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Despite significant improvements in stent platform, currently available bare-metal stents (BMS) are still associated with restenosis. Thin-strut design cobalt-chromium alloys hold the promise of improving results of BMS, especially when implanted with direct technique. We performed an observational study to appraise outcomes of the novel Skylor™ stent, stratifying outcomes according to stenting technique. METHODS and RESULTS: We included all consecutive patients undergoing coronary stenting with Skylor™ at 2 centers between 2006 and 2009. The primary end-point was the long-term rate of major adverse cardiac events (MACE, i.e. death, myocardial infarction (MI), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or target vessel revascularization (TVR)). As pre-specified analysis, we compared patients undergoing direct stenting versus those stent implantation following pre-dilation. A total of 1020 patients were included (1292 Skylor™ stents), with procedural success obtained in 99%. Comparing patients undergoing direct stenting (66%) versus pre-dilation (34%) at 16±7 months of follow-up, MACE had occurred in, respectively, 8% versus 14% (p=0.001), with death in 1% versus 2% (p=0.380), MI in 1% versus 2% (p=0.032), CABG in 0.2% versus 2% (p=0.012), and TVR in 6% versus 9% [p=0.071]. Even at multivariable analysis with propensity adjustment, direct stenting was associated with significantly fewer MACE [hazard ratio 0.60 [0.38-0.93], p=0.024]. CONCLUSIONS: This observational study suggests the presence of a beneficial synergy between direct coronary stenting technique and use of the novel thin-strut cobalt-chromium Skylor™ stent in real-world patients undergoing PCI. PMID:22845811

Giordano, Arturo; Polimeno, Michele; Corcione, Nicola; Fattore, Luciano; Lorenzo, Luigi Di; Biondi-Zoccai, Giuseppe; Ferraro, Paolo; Romano, Maria Fiammetta

2012-01-01

267

Clinical Decision Making With Myocardial Perfusion Imaging in Patients With Known or Suspected Coronary Artery Disease  

PubMed Central

Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) to diagnose coronary artery disease (CAD) is best performed in patients with intermediate pretest likelihood of disease; unfortunately, pretest likelihood is often overestimated, resulting in the inappropriate use of perfusion imaging. A good functional capacity often predicts low risk, and MPI for diagnosing CAD should be reserved for individuals with poor exercise capacity, abnormal resting electrocardiography, or an intermediate or high probability of CAD. With respect to anatomy-based testing, coronary CT angiography has a good negative predictive value, but stenosis severity correlates poorly with ischemia. Therefore decision making with respect to revascularization may be limited when a purely noninvasive anatomical test is used. Regarding perfusion imaging, the diagnostic accuracies of SPECT, PET, and cardiac magnetic resonance are similar, though fewer studies are available with cardiac magnetic resonance. PET coronary flow reserve may offer a negative predictive value sufficiently high to exclude severe CAD such that patients with mild to moderate reversible perfusion defects can forego invasive angiography. In addition, combined anatomical and perfusion-based imaging may eventually offer a definitive evaluation for diagnosing CAD, even in higher risk patients. Any remarkable findings on single-photon emission computed tomography and PET MPI studies are valuable for prognostication. Furthermore, assessment of myocardial blood flow with PET is particularly powerful for prognostication as it reflects the end result of many processes that lead to atherosclerosis. Decision making with respect to revascularization is limited for cardiac MRI and PET MPI. In contrast, retrospective radionuclide studies have identified an ischemic threshold, but randomized trials are needed. In patients with at least moderately reduced left ventricular systolic function, viable myocardium as assessed by PET or MRI, appears to identify patients who benefit from revascularization, but well-executed randomized trials are lacking. PMID:24948154

Cremer, Paul; Hachamovitch, Rory; Tamarappoo, Balaji

2015-01-01

268

A novel internal thoracic artery harvesting technique via subxiphoid approach--for the least invasive coronary artery bypass grafting.  

PubMed

We have performed 12 cases of robotically assisted coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) to accomplish less invasive revascularization. In this report, we describe a new method of robotically assisted internal thoracic artery (ITA) harvesting via subxiphoid approach, using the da Vinci surgical system. A 22-year-old man with three-vessel coronary artery disease due to Kawasaki disease was referred to our institution for coronary artery revascularization. A small subxiphoid incision was made, and the xiphoid process at the lower end of the sternum was excised. A U-shaped hook was inserted into the retrosternal space, and the lower sternum was lifted. A 30 degrees angle-up camera was inserted under the U-shaped hook, bilateral ITAs were harvested in a totally skeletonized fashion endoscopically. The required time for right ITA harvesting was 50 min, and that for the left was 20 min. After bilateral ITAs were harvested, composite grafts were made, and then the distal anastomoses were made. The patient was discharged six days after the operation. We performed a new robotically assisted bilateral ITA harvesting technique via sub-xiphoid safely and with excellent results. This method might be an evolutionary step of minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) using the da Vinci surgical system. PMID:19720658

Takata, Munehisa; Watanabe, Go; Ushijima, Teruaki; Ishikawa, Norihiko

2009-11-01

269

A phase II, sham-controlled, double-blinded study testing the safety and efficacy of the coronary sinus reducer in patients with refractory angina: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background A growing population of patients lives with severe coronary artery disease not amenable to coronary revascularization and with refractory angina despite optimal medical therapy. Percutaneous reduction of the coronary sinus is an emerging treatment for myocardial ischemia that increases coronary sinus pressure to promote a transcollateral redistribution of coronary artery in-flow from nonischemic to ischemic subendocardial territories. A first-in-man study has demonstrated that the percutaneous reduction of the coronary sinus can be performed safely in such patients. The COSIRA trial seeks to assess whether a percutaneous reduction of the coronary sinus can improve the symptoms of refractory angina in patients with limited revascularization options. Methods/Design The COSIRA trial is a phase II double-blind, sham-controlled, randomized parallel trial comparing the percutaneously implanted coronary sinus Reducer (Neovasc Inc, Richmond, BC, Canada) to a sham implantation in 124 patients enrolled in Canada, Belgium, England, Scotland, Sweden and Denmark. All patients need to have stable Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) class III or IV angina despite optimal medical therapy, with evidence of reversible ischemia related to disease in the left coronary artery, and a left ventricular ejection fraction >25%. Participants experiencing an improvement in their angina ?2 CCS classes six months after the randomization will meet the primary efficacy endpoint. The secondary objective of this trial is to test whether coronary sinus Reducer implantation will improve left ventricular ischemia, as measured by the improvement in dobutamine echocardiogram wall motion score index and in time to 1 mm ST-segment depression from baseline to six-month post-implantation. Discussion Based on previous observations, the COSIRA is expected to provide a significant positive result or an informative null result upon which rational development decisions can be based. Patient safety is a central concern and extensive monitoring should allow an appropriate investigation of the safety related to the coronary sinus Reducer. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifier - NCT01205893. PMID:23413981

2013-01-01

270

Robotic totally endoscopic multivessel coronary artery bypass grafting: procedure development, challenges, results.  

PubMed

Closed-chest totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting (TECAB) is feasible using robotic technology. During the early phases, TECAB was restricted to single bypass grafts to the left anterior descending artery system. Because most patients referred for coronary artery bypass surgery have multivessel disease, development of endoscopic multiple bypass grafting is mandatory. Experimental work on multivessel TECAB was carried out in the early 2000s, and first clinical cases were already performed. With further technological development of operating robots, double, triple, and quadruple TECAB has become feasible both on the arrested heart and on the beating heart. To date, 161 cases of multivessel TECAB using the da Vinci telemanipulation systems are published in the literature. The main advances enabling multivessel TECAB were the availability of a robotic endostabilizer for beating heart procedures and increased surgeon skills using remote access heart-lung machine perfusion and endo-cardioplegia. Both internal mammary arteries can be harvested and both radial artery and vein graft can be used in multivessel TECAB. Y-grafting and sequential grafting are feasible. Multivessel endoscopic surgical revascularization can be combined with percutaneous coronary interventions in advanced hybrid coronary revascularization. Time requirements for multivessel TECAB are significant, and conversion rates to larger thoracic incisions are higher than those observed for single-vessel TECAB. Clinical short- and long-term outcomes, however, seem to meet the standards of open coronary bypass surgery through sternotomy. The main advantages of multivessel TECAB are a completely preserved sternum, use of double internal mammary artery even in risk groups, and a remarkably short recovery time. PMID:22576029

Bonatti, Johannes; Lee, Jeffrey D; Bonaros, Nikolaos; Schachner, Thomas; Lehr, Eric J

2012-01-01

271

Cost-effectiveness of adjunctive eptifibatide in patients undergoing coronary stenting in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To determine the cost-effectiveness of adding eptifibatide to the standard treatment for selected high-risk patients undergoing\\u000a coronary stenting in Germany. Furthermore, to investigate the impact of several extrapolation methods on the results.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A Markov model was developed to reflect the clinical events in this specific patient population, including target vessel revascularization,\\u000a myocardial infarction, and death. To extrapolate clinical data beyond

Sarah Dewilde; Bernd Brüggenjürgen; Christoph Nienaber; Jochen Senges; Robert Welte; Stefan N. Willich

2012-01-01

272

Primary Prevention of Acute Coronary Events With Lovastatin in Men and Women With Average Cholesterol Levels Results of AFCAPS\\/TexCAPS  

Microsoft Academic Search

0.63; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.50-0.79;P,.001), myocardial infarction (95 vs 57 myocardial infarctions; RR, 0.60; 95% CI, 0.43-0.83; P = .002), unstable angina (87 vs 60 first unstable angina events; RR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.49-0.95;P = .02), coro- nary revascularization procedures (157 vs 106 procedures; RR, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.52- 0.85; P = .001), coronary events (215 vs 163 coronary

John R. Downs; Michael Clearfield; Stephen Weis; Edwin Whitney; Deborah R. Shapiro; Polly A. Beere; Alexandra Langendorfer; Evan A. Stein; William Kruyer; Antonio M. Gotto

273

Platelet neuropeptide Y is critical for ischemic revascularization in mice.  

PubMed

We previously reported that the sympathetic neurotransmitter neuropeptide Y (NPY) is potently angiogenic, primarily through its Y2 receptor, and that endogenous NPY is crucial for capillary angiogenesis in rodent hindlimb ischemia. Here we sought to identify the source of NPY responsible for revascularization and its mechanisms of action. At d 3, NPY(-/-) mice demonstrated delayed recovery of blood flow and limb function, consistent with impaired collateral conductance, while ischemic capillary angiogenesis was reduced (~70%) at d 14. This biphasic temporal response was confirmed by 2 peaks of NPY activation in rats: a transient early increase in neuronally derived plasma NPY and increase in platelet NPY during late-phase recovery. Compared to NPY-null platelets, collagen-activated NPY-rich platelets were more mitogenic (~2-fold vs. ~1.6-fold increase) for human microvascular endothelial cells, and Y2/Y5 receptor antagonists ablated this difference in proliferation. In NPY(+/+) mice, ischemic angiogenesis was prevented by platelet depletion and then restored by transfusion of platelets from NPY(+/+) mice, but not NPY(-/-) mice. In thrombocytopenic NPY(-/-) mice, transfusion of wild-type platelets fully restored ischemia-induced angiogenesis. These findings suggest that neuronally derived NPY accelerates the early response to femoral artery ligation by promoting collateral conductance, while platelet-derived NPY is critical for sustained capillary angiogenesis. PMID:23457218

Tilan, Jason U; Everhart, Lindsay M; Abe, Ken; Kuo-Bonde, Lydia; Chalothorn, Dan; Kitlinska, Joanna; Burnett, Mary Susan; Epstein, Stephen E; Faber, James E; Zukowska, Zofia

2013-06-01

274

Design of the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy vs. Stenting Trial (CREST)  

PubMed Central

Rationale Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and medical therapy were shown superior to medical therapy alone for symptomatic (?50%) and asymptomatic (?60%) stenosis. Carotid angioplasty stenting (CAS) offers a less invasive alternative. Establishing safety, efficacy, and durability of CAS requires rigorous comparison with CEA in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. Aims The objective is to compare the efficacy of CAS versus CEA in patients with symptomatic (?50%) or asymptomatic (?60%) extracranial carotid stenosis. Design The Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy vs. Stenting Trial (CREST) is a prospective, randomized, parallel, two-arm, multi-center trial with blinded endpoint adjudication. Primary endpoints are analyzed using standard time-to-event statistical modeling with adjustment for major baseline covariates. Primary analysis is on an intent-to-treat basis. Study Outcomes The primary outcome is the occurrence of any stroke, myocardial infarction, or death during a 30-day peri-procedural period, and ipsilateral stroke during follow-up of up to four years. Secondary outcomes include restenosis and health-related quality of life. PMID:20088993

Sheffet, Alice J.; Roubin, Gary; Howard, George; Howard, Virginia; Moore, Wesley; Meschia, James F.; Hobson, Robert W.; Brott, Thomas G.

2009-01-01

275

[Distal revascularization in diabetic patients with chronic limb ischemia].  

PubMed

Diabetes mellitus is an independent risk factor for peripheral artery disease. Life expectancy is 41 months for diabetic patients with an ischemic ulcer. The characteristics of diabetic arteriopathy make its treatment more difficult than in non-diabetic patients. Few data are available about the surgical treatment of arteriopathy in diabetic patients (including angioplasty or bypass), especially in case of distal arteriopathy. The choice of the procedure depends on multiple factors such as the disease localization, its extent, distal blood flow and vascular disease-related surgical risk. The principal aim of revascularisation is to restore direct flow to the foot in order to ensure wound healing and limb salvage. With percutaneous endoluminal angioplasty, limb salvage can be achieved in more than 80 % of patients at 1-3 years. The percutaneous procedure is less invasive than open surgery, there are fewer complications, and morbidity and mortality rates are reduced; moreover, a second procedure remains possible in the future. With bypass surgery, the rate of limb salvage exceeds 80 % at five years. Nevertheless, peri-operative mortality reaches 3 % and arterial anatomy, patient-related risks factors or venous graft availability may be limitations. New endovascular techniques especially designed for the distal arteries of the lower limbs enable very distal revascularization with morbidity and mortality rates lower than with surgery. PMID:25596672

Courtois, M-C; Sapoval, M; Del Giudice, C; Ducloux, R; Mirault, T; Messas, E

2015-02-01

276

The management of chronic total coronary occlusions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although recent consensus has clearly defined chronic total occlusions (CTO), attempted per- cutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains low. Histopathologically, CTOs are characterized by fibrous caps, varying degrees of plaques, and neovascularization, with both increasing with the age of the CTO. Multiple registries and studies show that successful PCI of CTOs can improve symptoms, left ventric- ular function, and mortality. There

A. CUNEO; U. TEBBE

2008-01-01

277

Combined immunosuppressive therapy including a TNF-alpha blocker induces remission in a difficult to treat patient with Takayasu arteriitis and coronary involvement.  

PubMed

A 40 year old woman presented with symptoms of a systemic inflammatory disease and obstruction of the left subclavian artery. Takayasu arteriitis (TA) was clinically diagnosed and confirmed by MR angiography and FDG-PET scan showing inflammation of the aortic arch and the left subclavian artery. Immunosuppression with glucocorticoids and methotrexate resulted in immediate clinical improvement and normalization of systemic markers of inflammation. Despite that the patient developed chest pain on exertion suggesting coronary involvement, which was confirmed by dobutamine stress echocardiography. After adding the TNF-alpha blocker infliximab coronary symptoms gradually improved and a clinically stable situation could be achieved for more than 6 months. Coronary angiography and aortography showed an occluded main stem of the left coronary artery, an occluded left subclavian artery, and stenoses of the brachiocephalic trunk and the left common carotid artery. Revascularization of the coronary artery and the aortic arch and its branches was performed. The patient returned to work two months after the operation. Immunosuppressive therapy with infliximab and methotrexate is continued, glucocorticoids were stopped after one year of treatment. This case shows that vascular progress in TA patients may occur even when systemic inflammation is controlled, therefore patients have to be carefully observed for new vascular manifestations. TNF-alpha blockers may be an additional treatment option in otherwise difficult to treat TA patients allowing to perform revascularization after a stable disease state has been achieved. PMID:23129041

Mahlmann, A; Pfluecke, C; Ouda, A; Simonis, G; Weiss, N; Kappert, U

2012-11-01

278

Totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass on the beating heart in Jehovah's Witness and HIV patients: case report.  

PubMed

Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass has been widely employed as an approach for revascularization of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Recent advances in minimally invasive cardiac surgery enhanced with technological assistance have meant that these operations are now being performed through smaller incisions. We present 2 cases, both of which emphasize the beneficial role of the DaVinci robotic system in performing bloodless coronary surgery without blood transfusion and in reducing blood contact in instances in which there is a high risk for infection. In the first case, a Jehovah's Witness patient, blood transfusion was not an option; in the second case, a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patient, blood contact would have put the staff at risk for HIV infection. PMID:15138099

Casula, Roberto; Athanasiou, Thanos

2004-01-01

279

Embedding a randomized clinical trial into an ongoing registry infrastructure: Unique opportunities for efficiency in design of the Study of Access site For Enhancement of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Women (SAFE-PCI for Women)  

PubMed Central

Women are at higher risk than men for bleeding and vascular complications after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Compared with femoral access, radial access reduces these complications but may be more challenging in women because of higher rates of radial artery spasm, tortuosity, and occlusion as well as lower rates of procedure success. Whether the safety advantages of radial versus femoral access in women undergoing PCI are outweighed by reduced effectiveness has not been studied. The Study of Access site For Enhancement of PCI for Women is a prospective, randomized clinical trial comparing radial with femoral arterial access in women undergoing PCI. In conjunction with the US Food and Drug Administration?s Critical Path Cardiac Safety Research Consortium, this study embeds the randomized clinical trial into the existing infrastructure of the National Cardiovascular Data Registry™ CathPCI Registry™ through the National Institute of Health?s National Cardiovascular Research Infrastructure. The primary efficacy end point is a composite of bleeding (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium types 2, 3, or 5) or vascular complication requiring intervention occurring at 72 hours after PCI or by hospital discharge. The primary feasibility end point is procedure success. Secondary end points include procedure duration, contrast volume, radiation dose, quality of life, and a composite of 30-day death, vascular complication, or unplanned revascularization. PMID:24016489

Hess, Connie N.; Rao, Sunil V.; Kong, David F.; Aberle, Laura H.; Anstrom, Kevin J.; Gibson, C. Michael; Gilchrist, Ian C.; Jacobs, Alice K.; Jolly, Sanjit S.; Mehran, Roxana; Messenger, John C.; Newby, L. Kristin; Waksman, Ron; Krucoff, Mitchell W.

2014-01-01

280

Coronary hypertonia and angina  

PubMed Central

Coronary hypertonia was observed in a patient with unstable angina. It was possible on one occasion to reproduce the clinical picture, electrocardiographic changes, lactate production and coronary hypertonia by means of atrial pacing. He had a normal left coronary arteriogram when the diffuse spasm was relieved by nitroglycerin. Therefore hypertonia (or spasm) of the left coronary artery was believed to be the cause of his variant angina with subendocardial ischemia. ImagesFIG. 1FIG. 2FIG. 3FIG. 4FIG. 5FIGS. 6A and 6BFIG. 7FIG. 8 PMID:4210396

Choquet, Y.; Proulx, J.; Primeau, R.; Lapointe, L.; Levy, R.

1974-01-01

281

Adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells improve revascularization outcomes to restore renal function in swine atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis  

PubMed Central

Background Reno-protective strategies are needed to improve renal outcomes in patients with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS). Adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can promote renal regeneration, but their potential for attenuating cellular injury and restoring kidney repair in ARAS has not been explored. We hypothesized that replenishment of MSC as an adjunct to percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) would restore renal cellular integrity and improve renal function in ARAS pigs. Methods and Results Four groups of pigs (n=7 each) were studied after 16 weeks of ARAS, ARAS 4 weeks after PTRA and stenting with or without adjunct intra-renal delivery of MSC (10×106 cells), and controls. Stenotic kidney blood flow (renal blood flow[RBF]) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were measured using multidetector computer tomography (CT). Renal microvascular architecture (micro-CT), fibrosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress were evaluated ex-vivo. Four weeks after successful PTRA, mean arterial pressure fell to a similar level in all revascularized groups. Stenotic kidney GFR and RBF remained decreased in ARAS (p=0.01 and p=0.02) and ARAS+PTRA (p=0.02 and p=0.03) compared to normal, but rose to normal levels in ARAS+PTRA+MSC (p=0.34 and p=0.46 vs. normal). Interstitial fibrosis, inflammation, microvascular rarefaction, and oxidative stress were attenuated only in PTRA+MSC-treated pigs. Conclusions A single intra-renal delivery of MSC in conjunction with renal revascularization restored renal hemodynamics and function, and decreased inflammation, apoptosis, oxidative stress, microvascular loss, and fibrosis. This study suggests a unique and novel therapeutic potential for MSC in restoring renal function when combined with PTRA in chronic experimental renovascular disease. PMID:22290832

Eirin, Alfonso; Zhu, Xiang-Yang; Krier, James D.; Tang, Hui; Jordan, Kyra L; Grande, Joseph P.; Lerman, Amir; Textor, Stephen C.; Lerman, Lilach O.

2013-01-01

282

Double Left Anterior Descending Coronary Artery Originating from Left Main Coronary Stem and Right Coronary Artery  

PubMed Central

Double left anterior descending coronary artery originating from left main coronary stem and right coronary artery is a rare congenital coronary anomaly. In this case report, we are describing a patient with double left anterior descending coronary artery, one with normal origin, and the other originating from the right coronary artery. To the best of our knowledge, there are only a few reports resembling such case. PMID:24251016

Akbarzadeh, Fariborz; Shadravan, Sepide; Ghorbanian, Maryam; Piri, Reza; Naghavi-Behzad, Mohammad

2013-01-01

283

Coronary artery bypass grafting without cardiopulmonary bypass using the octopus method: results in the first one hundred patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Cardiopulmonary bypass and global cardiac arrest enable safe coronary artery bypass grafting but have adverse effects. In off-pump coronary bypass grafting, invasiveness is reduced, but anastomosis suturing is jeopardized by cardiac motion. Therefore the key to successful off-pump coronary bypass grafting is effective local cardiac wall stabilization. Methods: We prospectively assessed the safety and efficacy of the Octopus tissue

Erik W. L. Jansen; Cornelius Borst; Jaap R. Lahpor; Paul F. Gründeman; Frank D. Eefting; Arno Nierich; Etienne O. Robles de Medina; Johan J. Bredée

1998-01-01

284

Prediction of short-term clinical outcome of percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute coronary syndrome through myeloperoxidase levels  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND The present study assessed the significance of troponin and myeloperoxidase levels in the prediction of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) during the 1st month after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS This prospective, longitudinal study included 100 patients with acute coronary syndrome who underwent PCI. The participants’ characteristics were recorded in a questionnaire. Blood samples were obtained before and 24 h after PCI, and troponin, and myeloperoxidase levels were measured. During the 1st month after PCI, death, myocardial reinfarction, and revascularization during admission were investigated through weekly phone calls. The value of troponin and myeloperoxidase levels before and after PCI in predicting MACE was evaluated using Cox regression. RESULTS Considering the obtained methods and the short duration of the study, 99% of the patients completed the study. Moreover, one death and four cases of myocardial infarction and revascularization were reported. Cox regression did not show significant relations between the incidence of MACE and myeloperoxidase levels before (hazard ratio = 1.12; 95% confidence interval 0.9, 1.39) and after PCI (hazard ratio = 0.86; 95% confidence interval = 0.43, 1.71), or troponin levels before (hazard ratio = 0.97; 95% confidence interval = 0.81, 1.17) and after PCI (hazard ratio = 1.03; 95% confidence interval = 0.96, 1.11). CONCLUSION It seems that the few cases of MACE, due to the small sample size and short duration of follow-up, had been insufficient for determining the predictive value of troponin and myeloperoxidase levels before and after PCI. Therefore, further studies with larger sample size and longer follow-up duration are recommended. PMID:25161678

Pourmoghaddas, Ali; Bazgir, Abedin; Sanei, Hamid; Golshahi, Jafar; Rabiei, Katayoun; Sistani, Effat

2014-01-01

285

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection as a cause of myocardial infarction.  

PubMed

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare disease that is usually seen in young women in left descending coronary artery and result in events like sudden cardiac death and acute myocardial infarction. A 70-year-old man was admitted to the emergency department with chest pain which started 1 h ago during a relative's funeral. The initial electrocardiography demonstrated 2 mm ST-segment depression in leads V1-V3 and the patient underwent emergent coronary angiography. SCAD simultaneously in two different coronary arteries [left anterior descending (LAD) artery and left circumflex (LCx)] artery was detected and SCAD in LCx artery was causing total occlusion which resulted in acute myocardial infarction. Successful stenting was performed thereafter for both lesions. In addition to the existence of SCAD simultaneously in two different coronary arteries, the presence of muscular bridge and SCAD together at the same site of the LAD artery was another interesting point which made us report this case. PMID:25548620

Aksakal, Aytekin; Arslan, U?ur; Yaman, Mehmet; Urumda?, Mehmet; Ate?, Ahmet Hakan

2014-12-26

286

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection as a cause of myocardial infarction  

PubMed Central

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare disease that is usually seen in young women in left descending coronary artery and result in events like sudden cardiac death and acute myocardial infarction. A 70-year-old man was admitted to the emergency department with chest pain which started 1 h ago during a relative’s funeral. The initial electrocardiography demonstrated 2 mm ST-segment depression in leads V1-V3 and the patient underwent emergent coronary angiography. SCAD simultaneously in two different coronary arteries [left anterior descending (LAD) artery and left circumflex (LCx)] artery was detected and SCAD in LCx artery was causing total occlusion which resulted in acute myocardial infarction. Successful stenting was performed thereafter for both lesions. In addition to the existence of SCAD simultaneously in two different coronary arteries, the presence of muscular bridge and SCAD together at the same site of the LAD artery was another interesting point which made us report this case.

Aksakal, Aytekin; Arslan, U?ur; Yaman, Mehmet; Urumda?, Mehmet; Ate?, Ahmet Hakan

2014-01-01

287

Visualization of Coronary Arteries from Intravenous Angiograms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Under most circumstances, the coronary arteries are not satisfactorily visualized in intravenous angiograms. The objective of this study is to develop computer image enhancement methods that will improve the quality of the latent coronary images to a degree sufficient to detect an obstructive lesion. Such a technique, if successful, could be used as a first step alternative to conventional coronary angiography for individuals with ambiguous noninvasive cardiac tests. The determination of no lesion from the intravenous procedure would relieve the need for the conventional angiogram, while verification of an obstructive lesion could be followed by a conventional angiogram. The nature of the imaging problem and a description of the methods and initial processing results are described in this paper.

Selzer, Robert H.

1985-01-01

288

Coronary artery ectasia--a variant of occlusive coronary arteriosclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a study of 1000 consecutive coronary arteriograms, 12 patients (all men) had coronary artery ectasia. Ectasia was found most frequently in the circumflex or right coronary artery. Only 1 patient had ectasia in the left anterior descending coronary artery. In 11 patients, ectasia of one artery was associated with severe stenosis or occlusion of other vessels, typical of arteriosclerosis.

R H Swanton; M L Thomas; D J Coltart; B S Jenkins; M M Webb-Peploe; B T Williams

1978-01-01

289

Coronary Heart Disease in Women: A Challenge for the 21st Century  

PubMed Central

Heart disease is the first killer of women in the modern era, regardless of age, race and of ethnicity, although its prevalence rises after menopause. Modern women have professional and housewife responsibilities, consume excess of fat and carbohydrates, smoke, do not exercise regularly and do not have enough time to rest. This situation leads to overweight, dyslipidemia, arterial hypertension, impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes. Women do not often participate in preventive studies and still undergo less intensive and invasive evaluation and treatment for chest pain when compared to men. However, the rate of coronary death is twice higher in women than in men after myocardial infarction and revascularization procedures. The objective of this review is to analyze the main gender differences regarding symptoms, diagnosis, management and prognosis of coronary heart disease and to discuss the influence of hormonal replacement therapy in the prevention of cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women. PMID:20126352

Solimene, Maria Cecília

2010-01-01

290

Coronary plaque imaging by coronary computed tomography angiography  

PubMed Central

Coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) has become the useful noninvasive imaging modality alternative to the invasive coronary angiography for detecting coronary artery stenoses in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). With the development of technical aspects of coronary CTA, clinical practice and research are increasingly shifting toward defining the clinical implication of plaque morphology and patients outcomes by coronary CTA. In this review we discuss the coronary plaque morphology estimated by CTA beyond coronary angiography including the comparison to the currently available other imaging modalities used to examine morphological characteristics of the atherosclerotic plaque. Furthermore, this review underlies the value of a combined assessment of coronary anatomy and myocardial perfusion in patients with CAD, and adds to an increasing body of evidence suggesting an added diagnostic value when combining both modalities. We hope that an integrated, multi-modality imaging approach will become the gold standard for noninvasive evaluation of coronary plaque morphology and outcome data in clinical practice. PMID:24876919

Sato, Akira

2014-01-01

291

Long-term follow-ups of revascularized immature necrotic teeth: three case reports  

PubMed Central

Revascularization of immature necrotic teeth is a reliable treatment alternative to conventional apexogenesis or apexification. In case 1, a 12-year-old boy had his necrotic, immature mandibular left second premolar treated with a revascularization technique. At a 24-month follow-up, periapical radiolucency had disappeared and thickening of the root wall was observed. In cases 2 and 3, a 10-year-old boy had his necrotic, immature, bilateral mandibular second premolars treated with the same modality. At 48-month (in case 2) and 42-month (in case 3) follow-ups, loss of periapical radiolucencies and increases in the root wall thickness were also observed. PMID:22627612

Kim, Duck-Su; Park, Hae-Jin; Yeom, Je-Ha; Seo, Ji-Sung; Ryu, Gil-Joo; Park, Ki-Ho; Shin, Seung-Il; Kim, Sun-Young

2012-01-01

292

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection.  

PubMed

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rarely identified entity whose exact incidence, etiology, pathogenesis, medium-term evolution, and optimal treatment have not yet been firmly established. This article describes five new cases with additional specific characteristics. Five of 2,241 coronary arteriograms taken between September 1989 and November 1992 showed angiographic signs of coronary dissection. Three of the patients were treated pharmacologically, and two were operated on. All were evaluated angiographically 10-18 months after diagnosis and followed up clinically for > or = 20 months. Three patients exhibited acute myocardial infarction, one showed effort angina and the fifth unstable angina. In four cases, coronary dissection was associated with coronary atherosclerosis, but in the fifth the coronary tree was apparently healthy except for the dissection. Dissection affected the right coronary artery in three cases and the left in two. Angiographic evolution varied among the five and was uncorrelated with treatment. Dissection disappeared in three; it persisted, with total obstruction of the artery in the middle of the dissected segment in one case; and advanced to affect the whole left coronary tree in the fifth. After an 18-month follow-up, none of the five patients experienced symptoms. These cases provide a good illustration of the variability of spontaneous coronary dissection as regards etiology, clinical presentation, treatment, and evolution. Coronary dissection is always caused by hemorrhage in the media of the arterial wall; its variability in evolution and in optimal treatment may be derived from the cause of the hemorrage, which possibly was not the same in all cases. PMID:8039214

Pasalodos Pita, J; Vazquez Gonzalez, N; Perez Alvarez, L; Vazquez Rodriguez, J M; Castro Beiras, A

1994-05-01

293

Woven Coronary Artery Anomaly Associated with Acute Coronary Syndrome  

PubMed Central

The woven coronary artery anomaly is a rare congenital anomaly in which a coronary artery is divided into thin channels that merge again into the distal lumen. Only a few cases of woven coronary artery have been reported in the literature. This anomaly is accepted as a benign condition. We describe a case of acute coronary syndrome in a patient with woven coronary artery anomaly. PMID:24436585

Ayhan, Selim; Ozturk, Serkan; Tekelioglu, Umit Yasar; Ocak, Tarik

2013-01-01

294

Coronary Balloon Angioplasty in a Severe Takotsubo Syndrome  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT We reported a patient with Takotsubo syndrome, with severe symptoms, prolonged angina with hemodynamic compromise, in the context of severe coronary artery spasm, without response to full medical treatment, which was successfully managed with coronary balloon angioplasty. A 49-year old woman was admitted with chest pain, ECG changes and elevated myocardial necrosis markers suggestive for acute coronary syndrome. First coronary angiography revealed normal epicardial arteries and typical left ventricular apical ballooning, strongly suggestive for Takotsubo syndrome. Forty-eight hours later, with standard medical treatment, patient developed again severe angina with hemodynamic consequences. Second angiography showed total occlusive spasm of one coronary artery, without response to full medical treatment. Coronary balloon angioplasty was performed with final good result. Two month later, angiography revealed normal coronary arteries and normal ventricular shape. The patient is currently asymptomatic. As far as we know, no other examples of similar cases were published in medical literature. Therefore, interventional treatment can be taken into consideration for some particular types of patients with Takotsubo syndrome, non-responsive to medical treatment; despite of balloon angioplasty or stenting of coronary vasospasm is not a standard of care. PMID:24371496

UDROIU, Cristian A.; ZORMAN, Darko; VINEREANU, Dragos

2013-01-01

295

Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting using a bilateral internal mammary artery Y graft  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the outcome of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) using a bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) Y configuration graft to achieve total arterial myocardial revascularization. Methods From October 2002 to December 2008, 208 patients (196 males and 12 females) underwent OPCABG using a BIMA Y configuration graft. The average age of the patients was 56.5 ± 11.3 years, with an age range of 33–78 years. A total of 167 (80.2%) cases had triple-vessel disease. Left main stem disease was found in 33 (15.9%) cases, and double-vessel disease was found in 8 (3.9%) cases. The semi-skeletonization technique was used to harvest the two internal mammary arteries (IMAs), and then the free right internal mammary artery was connected end-to-side to the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) in situ to complete the Y configuration graft. Off-pump and sequential anastomosis methods were used to perform coronary artery bypass surgery in all patients. Graft patency was assessed intra-operatively with the HT311 transit time flowmeter. Results A total of 728 distal anastomoses were performed in 208 patients, with the average being 3.5 ± 1.3 per person. No one died or experienced recurrent angina within 30 days after the operation. Conclusions OPCABG using the BIMA Y graft was safe and effective to achieve total arterial revascularization. This method avoids surgical operation on the ascending aorta and other incisions. PMID:23097654

Gu, Cheng-Xiong; Yang, Jun-Feng; Zhang, Hong-Chao; Wei, Hua; Li, Ling-Ke

2012-01-01

296

Reoperative coronary grafting: changing patient profiles, operative indications, techniques, and results.  

PubMed

To assess the changing trends in patient profiles, operative indications and techniques, and their impact on the results of reoperative myocardial revascularization, we reviewed the records of 750 consecutive patients who had an isolated first reoperation for coronary artery disease at the Massachusetts General Hospital from 1977 to 1992. The patients were chronologically grouped into three equal cohorts of 250 patients. Our assessment over time revealed a significantly (p < 0.03) increased incidence of the following: older age, peripheral vascular disease, grafts at the first revascularization, longer operative interval, interval infarctions and angioplasties, and congestive heart failure and unstable angina requiring greater use of preoperative intraaortic balloon pumping. At catheterization significantly more left main coronary disease, lower ejection fractions, and more patent but diseased grafts were found. The reoperations were significantly done more urgently, with more grafts placed and a greater use of mammary artery grafting. Despite these increased risks over time, median postoperative hospital stay was significantly shortened (p < 0.001), though hospital mortality (5.3%) and perioperative myocardial infarction (6.3%) did not change significantly. Significant multivariate predictors of hospital death were nonelective operation, perioperative myocardial infarction, prior myocardial infarction, and mammary artery grafting at the initial operation. PMID:8067832

Akins, C W; Buckley, M J; Daggett, W M; Hilgenberg, A D; Vlahakes, G J; Torchiana, D F; Austen, W G

1994-08-01

297

Adoption and Effectiveness of Internal Mammary Artery Grafting in Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Among Medicare Beneficiaries  

PubMed Central

Objectives To assess the pattern of the adoption of internal mammary artery (IMA) grafting in the United States, test its association with clinical outcomes, and assess whether its effectiveness differs in key clinical subgroups. Background The effect of IMA grafting on major clinical outcomes has never been tested in a large randomized trial, yet it is now a quality standard for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Methods We identified Medicare beneficiaries aged ?66 years who underwent isolated multivessel CABG between 1988 and 2008, and documented patterns of IMA use over time. We used a multivariable propensity score to match patients with and without an IMA, and compared rates of death, myocardial infarction (MI), and repeat revascularization. We tested for variations in IMA effectiveness using treatment by covariate interaction tests. Results IMA use in CABG rose slowly from 31% in 1988 to 91% in 2008, with persistent wide geographic variations. Among 60,896 propensity score matched patients over a median 6.8 year follow-up, IMA use was associated with lower all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 0.77, p<0.001), lower death or MI (adjusted hazard ratio 0.77, p<0.001), and fewer repeat revascularization over five years (8% vs. 9%, p<0.001). The association between IMA use and lower mortality was significantly weaker (p?0.008) for older patients, women, and for patients with diabetes or peripheral arterial disease. Conclusions IMA grafting was adopted slowly and still shows substantial geographic variation. IMA use is associated with lower rates of death, MI and repeat coronary revascularization. PMID:24080110

Hlatky, Mark A; Boothroyd, Derek B; Reitz, Bruce A; Shilane, David A; Baker, Laurence C; Go, Alan S

2013-01-01

298

Transradial versus transfemoral approach for percutaneous coronary procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Selective coronary angiography was originally performed through open brachial arteriotomy. Thereafter, the percutaneous Seldinger\\u000a technique and the use of preformed Judkins-type catheters popularized the femoral approach. More recently, after the first\\u000a report of successful coronary angiography by the transradial approach in 1989, the radial artery has been increasingly used\\u000a as an alternative access site. The main advantage offered by the

Elena Franchi; Paolo Marino; Giuseppe G. Biondi-Zoccai; Giuseppe De Luca; Corrado Vassanelli; Pierfrancesco Agostoni

2009-01-01

299

Coronary stent management in elective genitourinary surgery.  

PubMed

What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Withdrawal of dual antiplatelet therapy before the recommended, 12 months for drug-eluting stents and 1 month for bare-metal stents increases the rate of major adverse coronary events and mortality. However, in those undergoing surgery the risk of bleeding is increased substantially for those on antiplatelet agents. Successful management in patients with coronary stents who must undergo elective or non-elective urological surgery should be a multidisciplinary decision. This article reviews the literature and recommends a protocol for clinical management of patients undergoing urological procedures after coronary stent placement. To review the literature on coronary stents and genitourinary surgery and provide a protocol for perioperative. The keywords, 'elective surgery', 'aspirin', 'clopidogrel', 'guidelines for percutaneous coronary intervention', and 'antiplatelet therapy after coronary stent placement' were used to search PubMed for any relevant articles relating to coronary stents. Recommendations were made based on the whether the procedures patients were exposed to placed them at low-, moderate- or high-bleeding risk based on the extent of the procedure. All elective procedures should be delayed for 1 month after bare-metal stent placement and 1 year after drug-eluting stent placement. In patients classified as low risk (endoscopy and laser prostatectomy), aspirin should be continued throughout the perioperative period and dual antiplatelet therapy should continue 24-48 h postoperatively, if there is no concern for active bleeding. In those classified as moderate risk (scrotal procedures, transurethral resection of bladder tumours, transurethral resection of the prostate, urinary sphincter placement) dual antiplatelet therapy should be discontinued 5-7 days before the procedure and continued within 7 days after procedure, if there is no concern for active bleeding, in consultation with cardiology. In high-risk procedures (cystectomy, nephrectomy, prostatectomy, penile prosthesis placement) dual antiplatelet therapy should be discontinued 10 days before the procedure and continued postoperatively within 7-10 days of the procedure, when there is no longer a concern for active bleeding with the assistance of a cardiologist. Coronary artery disease is becoming more prominent in our society, increasing the use of coronary stents and antiplatelet agents. With the proposed protocol, it is safe to proceed with surgical intervention in those that have adequate stent endothelialisation. PMID:22192977

Gupta, Angela D; Streiff, Michael; Resar, Jon; Schoenberg, Mark

2012-08-01

300

Coronary Artery Disease - Coronary Heart Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... sudden cardiac death in patients with coronary heart disease. Cigarette smoking also acts with other risk factors to ... but their risk isn't as great as cigarette smokers'. Exposure to other people's smoke increases the risk of heart disease even for nonsmokers. Learn about smoking and cardiovascular ...

301

Comparative cost-effectiveness analyses of cardiovascular magnetic resonance and coronary angiography combined with fractional flow reserve for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease  

PubMed Central

Abstracts Background According to recent guidelines, patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) should undergo revascularization if significant myocardial ischemia is present. Both, cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and fractional flow reserve (FFR) allow for a reliable ischemia assessment and in combination with anatomical information provided by invasive coronary angiography (CXA), such a work-up sets the basis for a decision to revascularize or not. The cost-effectiveness ratio of these two strategies is compared. Methods Strategy 1) CMR to assess ischemia followed by CXA in ischemia-positive patients (CMR?+?CXA), Strategy 2) CXA followed by FFR in angiographically positive stenoses (CXA?+?FFR). The costs, evaluated from the third party payer perspective in Switzerland, Germany, the United Kingdom (UK), and the United States (US), included public prices of the different outpatient procedures and costs induced by procedural complications and by diagnostic errors. The effectiveness criterion was the correct identification of hemodynamically significant coronary lesion(s) (= significant CAD) complemented by full anatomical information. Test performances were derived from the published literature. Cost-effectiveness ratios for both strategies were compared for hypothetical cohorts with different pretest likelihood of significant CAD. Results CMR + CXA and CXA + FFR were equally cost-effective at a pretest likelihood of CAD of 62% in Switzerland, 65% in Germany, 83% in the UK, and 82% in the US with costs of CHF 5?794, € 1?517, £ 2?680, and $ 2?179 per patient correctly diagnosed. Below these thresholds, CMR + CXA showed lower costs per patient correctly diagnosed than CXA + FFR. Conclusions The CMR?+?CXA strategy is more cost-effective than CXA?+?FFR below a CAD prevalence of 62%, 65%, 83%, and 82% for the Swiss, the German, the UK, and the US health care systems, respectively. These findings may help to optimize resource utilization in the diagnosis of CAD. PMID:24461028

2014-01-01

302

Comparison of PRE-dilatation vs Direct stenting In Coronary Treatment using the Medtronic AVE S670 Coronary Stent System (the PREDICT trial)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current stent delivery systems make primary stenting (stent placement without predilatation) possible, but few controlled trials have been performed to evaluate the success, safety, cost saving, and potential benefit of this approach in reducing late restenosis. The Comparison of PRE-Dilatation Versus Direct Stenting In Coronary Treatment using the Medtronic AVE S670 Coronary Stent System trial was a 399-patient study comparing

Donald S Baim; Michael Flatley; Ronald Caputo; Charles O’Shaughnessy; Reginald Low; Claude Fanelli; Jeffery Popma; Peter Fitzgerald; Richard Kuntz

2001-01-01

303

Comparison of PRE-Dilatation vs Direct Stenting In Coronary Treatment Using the Medtronic AVE S670 Coronary Stent System (The PREDICT Trial)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current stent delivery systems make primary stenting (stent placement without predilatation) possible, but few controlled trials have been performed to evaluate the success, safety, cost saving, and potential benefit of this approach in reducing late restenosis. The Comparison of PRE-Dilatation Versus Direct Stenting In Coronary Treat- ment using the Medtronic AVE S670 Coronary Stent System trial was a 399-patient study

Donald S. Baim; Michael Flatley; Ronald Caputo; Charles O'Shaughnessy; Reginald Low; Claude Fanelli; Jeffery Popma; Peter Fitzgerald; Richard Kuntz

304

Obturator Bypass as an Alternative Technique for Revascularization in Patients with Infected Femoral Pseudoaneurysms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Management of the infected femoral artery pseudoaneurysm has remained controversial. Although common femoral artery ligation and local debridement is an acceptable approach, some patients need revascularization for the treatment of leg ischemia or intermittent claudication. In this study, we report obturator bypass as an alternative technique that has been done at Sina Hospital, Tehran, Iran during a 10-year period.

Abbas Rabbani; Majid Moini; Mohammad-Reza Rasouli

305

Does concomitant aortic bypass and renal artery revascularization using the retroperitoneal approach increase perioperative risk?  

Microsoft Academic Search

While elective repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms and aortoiliac occlusive disease is associated with an acceptable (3%) mortality rate, combined aortic and renal revascularization has usually been reported to have a higher perioperative mortality. Over the past 5 years, 785 elective aortic procedures have been performed at the authors' medical center. During the same period, 77 renal artery reconstructions have

R. C. Darling; D. M. Shah; B. B. Chang; R. P. Leather

1995-01-01

306

Is endovascular therapy the right choice for treatment of functional compression of anomalous right coronary artery arising from left coronary sinus with interarterial course?  

PubMed Central

We report a case of successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for reversible ischaemia owing to an anomalous right coronary artery arising from the left coronary sinus with malignant interarterial course and not associated with obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). PCI for treatment of functional compression of the ostioproximal intramural segment of the anomalous vessel, though described in the literature, is technically challenging, requiring appropriate hardware selection; the peculiar anatomical milieu, in the absence of atherosclerotic CAD, lends itself to an uncertain long-term outcome following endovascular therapy with stenting. PMID:23362062

Vadivelu, Ramalingam; Bagga, Shiv

2013-01-01

307

Coronary artery remodeling in non-contrast CT images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A significant cause of coronary artery disease is the coronary atherosclerosis which leads to stenosis of coronary arteries. It has been shown in recent studies, using intravascular ultrasound and contrast-enhanced CT, that early atherosclerosis causes positive coronary artery remodeling, defined as increases in the cross-sectional area. It is hypothesized that detection of artery remodeling using non-contrast CT can be an important factor in sub-clinical assessment of cardiac risk for asymptomatic subjects. However, measuring remodeling in coronary arteries in non-contrast CT images is a challenging task because coronary arteries are small and the intensity of coronary arteries is similar to that of surrounding tissues. Automatic segmentation algorithms that have been successful in segmenting coronary arteries in contrast-enhanced images do not perform well. To overcome these difficulties, we developed an interactive application to enable effective measurement of coronary artery remodeling in non-contrast CT images. This application is an extension to the 3D Slicer image analysis platform. It allows users to visualize and trace the centerline of arteries in cross sectional views. The artery centerlines are displayed in a three dimensional view overlaid on the original image volume and color-coded according to the artery labels. Using this 3D artery model, the user can sample the cross-sectional area of the arteries at selected points for remodeling assessment. Initial validation has demonstrated the effectiveness of this method. A pilot study also showed positive correlation of large coronary artery remodeling with highest lifetime risks. Further evaluation is underway using larger study size and more measurement points.

Xu, Haiyong; Zheng, Mingna; Yang, Yanhua; Carr, J. Jeffery; Ge, Yaorong

2012-03-01

308

Coronary artery wall imaging.  

PubMed

Like X-Ray contrast angiography, MR coronary angiograms show the vessel lumens rather than the vessels themselves. Consequently, outward remodeling of the vessel wall, which occurs in subclinical coronary disease before luminal narrowing, cannot be seen. The current gold standard for assessing the coronary vessel wall is intravascular ultrasound, and more recently, optical coherence tomography, both of which are invasive and use ionizing radiation. A noninvasive, low-risk technique for assessing the vessel wall would be beneficial to cardiologists interested in the early detection of preclinical disease and for the safe monitoring of the progression or regression of disease in longitudinal studies. In this review article, the current state of the art in MR coronary vessel wall imaging is discussed, together with validation studies and recent developments.J. Magn. Reson. Imaging. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25303707

Keegan, Jennifer

2014-10-01

309

Coronary Heart Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... and-circulation, In this section Living With Diabetes Treatment and Care Women Coronary Heart Disease Sexual Health Women and Diabetes: Frequently Asked Questions Eating Disorders Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) donate en -- Last Chance ...

310

Coronary Artery Disease  

MedlinePLUS

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease. It is the leading cause of death ... both men and women. CAD happens when the arteries that supply blood to heart muscle become hardened ...

311

Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery  

MedlinePLUS

... t help, you may need coronary artery bypass surgery. The surgery creates a new path for blood to flow ... more than one bypass. The results of the surgery usually are excellent. Many people remain symptom-free ...

312

Vessel Size and Long-Term Outcome After Coronary Stent Placement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—The role of coronary stenting in the treatment of patients with small vessels is not well defined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of vessel size on long-term clinical and angiographic outcome after coronary stent placement. Methods and Results—The study comprised 2602 patients with successful stent implantation for symptomatic coronary artery disease. Patients were subdivided into

Shpend Elezi; Adnan Kastrati; Franz-Josef Neumann; Martin Hadamitzky; Josef Dirschinger; Albert Schomig

2010-01-01

313

Traumatic Left Anterior Descending Coronary Artery-Right Ventricle Fistula: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Traumatic coronary artery-cameral fistulas (TCAF) are rare and may present secondary to penetrating injuries (80%) or iatrogenic traumas. Early operative intervention remains the recommended treatment modality for accidental traumatic coronary artery fistulas. We report the case of a 17-year-old man who presented with left anterior descending coronary artery-right ventricle fistula following penetrating cardiac trauma, which was successfully repaired surgically. PMID:23074613

Sheikhi, Mohammad Ali; Asgari, Mehdi; Firouzabadi, Mehdi Dehghani; Zeraati, Mohammad Reza; Rezaee, Alireza

2011-01-01

314

Septic Coronary Artery Embolism Treated with Aspiration Thrombectomy: Case Report and Review of Literature  

PubMed Central

Coronary embolization is a potentially fatal sequela of endocarditis. We report a case of Candida endocarditis with septic embolism to the left anterior descending coronary artery. This embolism was successfully treated with aspiration thrombectomy followed by balloon angioplasty. The treatment of acute coronary syndrome in the presence of septic embolism is controversial. Aspiration thrombectomy has been performed in this situation before, and it appears to be safer and more feasible than is thrombolysis or percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. PMID:25120402

Sarwar, Nosheen; Eftekhari, Hossein; Lotfi, Amir

2014-01-01

315

Cell-sheet Therapy with Omentopexy Promotes Arteriogenesis and Improves Coronary Circulation Physiology in Failing Heart.  

PubMed

Cell-sheet transplantation induces angiogenesis for chronic myocardial infarction (MI), though insuf?cient capillary maturation and paucity of arteriogenesis may limit its therapeutic effects. Omentum has been used clinically to promote revascularization and healing of ischemic tissues. We hypothesized that cell-sheet transplantation covered with an omentum-flap would effectively establish mature blood vessels and improve coronary microcirculation physiology, enhancing the therapeutic effects of cell-sheet therapy. Rats were divided into 4 groups after coronary ligation; skeletal myoblast cell-sheet plus omentum-flap (combined), cell-sheet only, omentum-flap only, and sham operation. At 4 weeks after the treatment, the combined group showed attenuated cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, and a greater amount of functionally (CD31(+)/lectin(+)) and structurally (CD31(+)/?-SMA(+)) mature blood vessels, along with myocardial upregulation of relevant genes. Synchrotron-based microangiography revealed that the combined procedure increased vascularization in resistance arterial vessels with better dilatory responses to endothelium-dependent agents. Serial (13)N-ammonia PET showed better global coronary flow reserve in the combined group, mainly attributed by improvement in the basal left ventricle. Consequently, the combined group had sustained improvements in cardiac function parameters and better functional capacity. Cell-sheet transplantation with an omentum-flap better promoted arteriogenesis and improved coronary microcirculation physiology in ischemic myocardium, leading to potent functional recovery in failing heart.Molecular Therapy (2014); doi:10.1038/mt.2014.225. PMID:25421595

Kainuma, Satoshi; Miyagawa, Shigeru; Fukushima, Satsuki; Pearson, James; Chen, Yi Ching; Saito, Atsuhiro; Harada, Akima; Shiozaki, Motoko; Iseoka, Hiroko; Watabe, Tadashi; Watabe, Hiroshi; Horitsugi, Genki; Ishibashi, Mana; Ikeda, Hayato; Tsuchimochi, Hirotsugu; Sonobe, Takashi; Fujii, Yutaka; Naito, Hisamichi; Umetani, Keiji; Shimizu, Tatsuya; Okano, Teruo; Kobayashi, Eiji; Daimon, Takashi; Ueno, Takayoshi; Kuratani, Toru; Toda, Koichi; Takakura, Nobuyuki; Hatazawa, Jun; Shirai, Mikiyasu; Sawa, Yoshiki

2014-11-25

316

Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting using skeletonized in situ arterial grafts  

PubMed Central

Skeletonization is an advanced technique of graft harvesting for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), and while it requires meticulous attention, it has many advantages. For example, skeletonization of internal thoracic artery (ITA) can minimize sternal ischemia and lower the risk of mediastinitis, and is longer and larger than pedicled ITA. In this article we describe the surgical techniques demonstrated in our video, which details our techniques of skeletonization of arterial grafts and off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) exclusively using these in situ grafts. Our method of right gastroepiploic artery (GEA) skeletonization has only three technical steps. The first step is to pass thin vessel loops under the GEA. The second step is to unroof the tissue surrounding the GEA. The last step is to seal and sever all the branches. Skeletonization of the GEA not only prevents vasospasm but also leads to GEA dilatation, and facilitates inspection and makes sequential anastomosis easier. Bilateral use of the skeletonized ITA and use of the skeletonized GEA can cover most coronary artery target sites without any manipulation of the ascending aorta. In our consecutive series of over 1,000 patients, the stroke rate was 0.5%. Our method helps to make the technique simple and secure in this technically demanding operation, and we believe that OPCAB with these grafts provides the best possible coronary revascularization. PMID:23977635

Suzuki, Tomoaki; Nota, Hiromitsu; Kuroyanagi, Satoshi; Kinoshita, Takeshi; Takashima, Noriyuki; Hayakawa, Masato; Naito, Shiho

2013-01-01

317

Off-pump versus on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting in acute coronary syndrome: a clinical analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Although off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery has many beneficial effects compared with on-pump surgery, switch to on-pump surgery has significantly higher risks of operative mortality. Benefits of OPCAB over on-pump surgery strategies concerning myocardial revascularization are still debatable. We have aimed to develop an "algorithm of off-pump surgical strategy" on preventing conversion to on-pump. This clinical study reports our clinical outcome of OPCAB in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Methods Between January 2006 and December 2008, 198 patients with acute coronary syndrome were enrolled in the study. Decision of OPCAB (142 patients) or on-pump surgery (56 patients) was made according to patients' present clinical status and our surgical background. Cardiac enzymes, duration of the surgery, graft numbers, stay in intensive care unit were recorded. Results OPCAP group has shorter operation time (82.78 min versus 164.22 min, p < 0.001), lesser necessity for intra-aortic balloon pumping (3.5% versus 12.5%, p = 0.053), shorter duration of intensive care unit stay (p < 0.05) and hospital stay (p < 0.001) compared to on-pump patients. EuroSCORE level was lower in OPCAP group (p < 0.001). None of the patients of OPCAB group required conversion to on-pump technique. Conclusions The patients who admitted to the hospital with acute coronary syndrome within "golden hours" (within 6 hours after onset) had a greater chance for OPCAB surgery. This study proves that EuroSCORE is likely to be an important factor in deciding which surgical technique to use, but a further investigation is needed to verify. According to our findings, a careful evaluation of coronary angiography, hemodynamic status, quality of target coronary vessel and timing of surgery are important for OPCAB surgery to avoid conversion to on-pump. By a careful systematic evaluation of the patients as explained with this article, it can be prevent or reduce conversion to on-pump surgery during OPCAB surgery. PMID:20423499

2010-01-01

318

Congenital coronary anomalies detected by coronary computed tomography compared to invasive coronary angiography  

PubMed Central

Background As coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) has emerged as a non-invasive alternative for evaluation of coronary anatomy with a lower referral threshold than invasive coronary angiography (ICA), the prevalence of coronary anomalies in CCTA may more closely reflect the true prevalence in the general population. Morphological features of coronary anomalies can be evaluated more precisely by CCTA than by ICA, which might lead to a higher identification of congenital coronary anomalies in CCTA compared to ICA. To evaluate the incidence, clinical and morphological features of the anatomy of patients with coronary anomalies detected either by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) with prospective ECG-triggering or invasive coronary angiography (ICA). Methods Consecutive patients underwent 64-slice CCTA (n?=?1?759) with prospective ECG-triggering or ICA (n?=?9?782) and coronary anatomy was evaluated for identification of coronary anomalies to predefined criteria (origin, course and termination) according to international recommendations. Results The prevalence of coronary anomalies was 7.9% (n?=?138) in CCTA and 2.1% in ICA (n?=?203; p?coronary anomaly detected by CCTA was myocardial bridging 42.8% (n?=?59) vs. 21.2% (n?=?43); p?coronary anomalies in CCTA 9.4% were potentially serious coronary anaomalies, defined as a course of the coronary artery between aorta and pulmonary artery were identified. Conclusion The prevalence of coronary anomalies is substantially higher with CCTA than ICA even after exclusion of patients with myocardial bridging which is more frequently found with CCTA. This suggests that the true prevalence of coronary anomalies in the general population may have been underestimated based on ICA. PMID:25004927

2014-01-01

319

Comparison of hybrid procedure and open surgical revascularization for multilevel infrainguinal arterial occlusive disease  

PubMed Central

Objective To compare outcomes of hybrid (combined surgical and endovascular) procedures (HYBRID) with open surgical reconstructions (OPEN) in patients with multilevel infrainguinal artery occlusive diseases. Design Case series study with retrospective analysis of prospectively collected nonrandomized data. Methods Between 2008 and 2012, 64 patients underwent OPEN and 43 underwent HYBRID. Patient characteristics, technique success, clinical improvement, and procedure-related morbidity were reviewed and compared. Patency rates and limb salvages were analyzed and compared using Kaplan–Meier life tables. Cox regression analyses were used to assess the influence of various risk factors on primary patency. Results HYBRID patients were older and presented with worse New York Heart Association function compared with OPEN patients. The increase in the ankle-brachial index and improvement of Ruthford category after procedures were equivalent between two groups, but HYBRID patients had shorter hospital length of stay (7.6±12.0 versus 15.5±17.3; P= 0.018) and less overall perioperative morbidity (12% versus 28%; P=0.042) compared with OPEN patients. No statistically significant difference in 36-month primary (47.1%±7.1% versus 50.1%±9.4%; P=0.418), assisted primary (57.0%±7.9% versus 62.4%±9.2%; P=0.517), or secondary (82.0%±6.8% versus 83.1%±7.3%; P=0.445) patency was seen between the two groups. Limb salvage rates of HYBRID vs OPEN at 3 years were similar (76.3%±9.3% versus 80.4%±8.2%; P=0.579). Critical limb ischemia was a negative predictor of long-term patency of patients in both the HYBRID and OPEN groups (P=0.012 and P<0.001, respectively), and the presence of diabetes and renal insufficiency were another two independent predictors of decreased primary patency for HYBRID (P=0.017 and P=0.019, respectively). Conclusion Multilevel infrainguinal artery occlusive diseases could be treated by hybrid procedure, with shorter hospitalization, less perioperative morbidity, and similar early- and long-term efficacy compared with open revascularization. A hybrid procedure should be considered for patients with high surgical risk, but critical limb ischemia, diabetes, and renal insufficiency could compromise its long-term patency. PMID:25284992

Zhou, Min; Huang, Dian; Liu, Chen; Liu, Zhao; Zhang, Min; Qiao, Tong; Liu, Chang-Jian

2014-01-01

320

What can I do with a patient with diabetes and critically impaired limb perfusion who cannot be revascularized?  

PubMed

A patient with limb-threatening diabetic foot syndrome in whom relevant peripheral arterial occlusive disease is proven should receive arterial revascularization as soon as possible to avoid major amputation. However, 3 conditions may make it impossible to effectively restore limb perfusion: the patient will not profit from arterial revascularization owing to excessive tissue loss or sepsis ("too late"), the patient cannot be revascularized due to severe comorbidities ("too sick"), and arterial reconstruction is impossible because of technical and anatomical shortcomings in a patient who is otherwise fit for operation ("nonreconstructible limb perfusion"). This review outlines the therapeutic options specifically in the third group of patients in whom no technical option for surgical or endovascular revascularization exists. PMID:25326447

Rümenapf, Gerhard; Morbach, Stephan

2014-12-01

321

How Is Coronary Angioplasty Done?  

MedlinePLUS

... relieving the blockage and improving blood flow. Coronary Balloon Angioplasty The illustration shows a cross-section of ... of the heart. Figure A shows the deflated balloon catheter inserted into the narrowed coronary artery. In ...

322

Living with Coronary Heart Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... from the NHLBI on Twitter. Living With Coronary Heart Disease Coronary heart disease (CHD) can cause serious ... any new symptoms or if your symptoms worsen. Heart Attack Warning Signs CHD raises your risk for ...

323

Left Atrial Myxoma and Concomitant Atherosclerotic Coronary Artery Disease  

PubMed Central

Here we describe the case of a 71-year-old female patient who was admitted to our department with acute coronary syndrome. Trans-thoracic echocardiography evaluation to assess left ventricular functions incidentally detected a left atrial mass attached to the inter-atrial septum together with a left ventricular segmental wall motion abnormality due to acute anterior myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography revealed diffuse coronary artery disease. Because early surgery was not advised due to the high mortality risk, successful coronary angioplasty and stenting was performed in this emergecy situation. It may be informative to study the images from the echocardiography prior to angiography in this study as well as to determine the anticipated signs that may affect the treatment options for similar patients.

Kocaturk, Hasan; Karaman, Adem; Bayram, Ednan; Çolak, Mehmet Cengiz; Yurtman, Volkan

2009-01-01

324

Meta-analysis of minimally invasive coronary artery bypass versus drug-eluting stents for isolated left anterior descending coronary artery disease  

PubMed Central

Objective To compare the outcomes between minimally invasive coronary artery bypass (MINI-CAB) and drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation for isolated left anterior descending artery disease. Methods Randomized and observational comparative publications were identified using MEDLINE and Google Scholar databases (January 2003 to December 2013). Studies without outcomes data, without DES use, or using conventional bypass surgery were excluded. The outcomes of interest were cardiac death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, and periprocedural stroke. Data were compared using the Mantel-Haenszel methods and are presented as odds ratios (ORs), 95%confidence intervals (CIs), and number needed to treat. Results From 230 publications, we identified 4 studies (2 randomized and 2 observational) with 941 patients (478 had undergone MINI-CAB and 463 DES implantation). The incidence of target vessel revascularization at maximum follow-up (range, 6–60 months) was significantly lower in the MINI-CAB group (OR, 0.16; 95%CI, 0.08–0.30; P < .0001; number needed to treat, 13). The incidence of cardiac mortality and MI was similar between the MINI-CAB and DES groups during follow-up (OR, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.44–2.47; and OR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.43–1.58, respectively). In addition, a similar incidence of periprocedural death (OR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.21–3.47; P = .82), myocardial infarction (OR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.38–2.58; P = .97), and stroke (OR, 1.36; 95% CI, 0.28–6.70; P = .70) was observed between the 2 treatment modalities. Conclusions Given the available evidence, MINI-CAB will result in lower target vessel revascularization rates but otherwise similar clinical outcomes compared with DESs in patients with left anterior descending artery disease. PMID:24755335

Harskamp, Ralf E.; Williams, Judson B.; Halkos, Michael E.; Lopes, Renato D.; Tijssen, Jan G. P.; Ferguson, Bruce; de Winter, Robbert J.

2015-01-01

325

Risk Factors Associated with Infection of Lower Extremity Revascularization: Analysis Of 365 Procedures Performed at a Teaching Hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

  Infection of arterial reconstructions is associated with high rates of mortality and limb loss despite optimal treatment.\\u000a Lower extremity revascularization procedures performed at a teaching hospital were reviewed to identify risk factors associated\\u000a with wound infection. Medical records, postoperative infection surveillance forms, and a computerized vascular registry for\\u000a lower extremity revascularizations involving a common femoral or more distal artery during

Jeanette K. Chang; Keith D. Calligaro; Sean Ryan; Debra Runyan; Matthew J. Dougherty; John J. Stern

2003-01-01

326

A case of a large cardiac lipoma with coronary artery disease.  

PubMed

Cardiac lipomas are extremely rare benign tumors. They usually remain asymptomatic and are detected incidentally. We report an unusual case of a 60-year-old man who presented with a large epicardial lipoma found unexpectedly during coronary artery examinations. Coronary angiography revealed advanced 3-vessel coronary artery disease. We successfully performed simultaneous curative surgery for the large cardiac lipoma and coronary artery bypass grafting. Histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of lipoma; it weighed 450?g and had a stalk connected to the left atrium. PMID:24867048

Kanemitsu, Shinji; Hirano, Koji; Shimono, Takatsugu; Shimpo, Hideto

2014-05-27

327

Acute Coronary Thrombosis and Multiple Coronary Aneurysms in a 22-Year-Old Man with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus  

PubMed Central

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can cause diverse cardiovascular complications. In HIV patients on antiretroviral therapy, the prevalence of myocardial infarction has steadily increased over the years. Young patients who are naïve to antiretroviral therapy and who experience coronary events are not well represented in the medical literature. We describe the case of a 22-year-old man, infected with HIV for 4 years and never treated with antiretroviral therapy, who emergently presented with a non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. Coronary angiograms revealed thrombosis and multiple coronary artery aneurysms; however, no areas of atherosclerotic stenosis were apparent. He was successfully treated with coronary stenting, antiplatelet therapy, and anticoagulation. Nine months after the initial presentation, he exhibited excellent exercise capacity, and no ischemia was evident. We discuss the various therapeutic approaches in this case. PMID:24808786

Ayers, Jennifer; Mandell, Ryan; Sanghvi, Kintur; Aboujaoude, Rania; Hsi, David H.

2014-01-01

328

Revascularization of immature mandibular premolar with pulpal necrosis - a case report.  

PubMed

This case report describes the Revascularization of a Permanent Immature Mandibular Premolar with Pulp Necrosis and apical periodontitis. Access opening was done & the canal was disinfected with copious irrigation using 2.5% NaOCl and triple antibiotic paste (Ciprofloxacin, Metronidazole, and Minocycline) as intracanal medicament. After the disinfection protocol is complete, it is followed by revascularization procedure. The apex was mechanically irritated to initiate bleeding into the canal to produce a blood clot to the level just below the level of cementoenamel junction. Mineral trioxide aggregate was placed over the blood clot followed by bonded resin restoration above it. After one year follow up; the patient was asymptomatic, no sinus tract was evident. Apical periodontitis was resolved, and there was radiographic evidence of continuing thickness of dentinal walls. PMID:25386542

Raju, S Murali Krishna; Yadav, Sarjeev Singh; Kumar M, Sita Rama

2014-09-01

329

Combined use of iliac artery angioplasty and infrainguinal revascularization for treatment of multilevel atherosclerotic disease.  

PubMed

The purpose of this report is to review our recent experience with the combined use of iliac artery angioplasty and infrainguinal surgical revascularization for the treatment of multilevel atherosclerotic disease. A retrospective review of all patients with multilevel atherosclerotic disease who were treated with both iliac artery angioplasty and infrainguinal bypass surgery during a 4-year period was performed. The medical records and preoperative arteriograms of all patients were reviewed for demographic information, radiologic findings, and postoperative follow-up data. Ninety-three limbs in 87 patients were studied. There were 57 male and 30 female patients with an average age of 67.2 years (range: 38-90). We concluded that the combined use of iliac artery angioplasty and infrainguinal surgical revascularization is an effective and durable means of treating multilevel atherosclerotic disease. PMID:9878656

Siskin, G; Darling, R C; Stainken, B; Chang, B B; Paty, P S; Kreienberg, P B; Papanicolaou, G; Shah, D M

1999-01-01

330

Revascularization of Immature Mandibular Premolar with Pulpal Necrosis - A Case Report  

PubMed Central

This case report describes the Revascularization of a Permanent Immature Mandibular Premolar with Pulp Necrosis and apical periodontitis. Access opening was done & the canal was disinfected with copious irrigation using 2.5% NaOCl and triple antibiotic paste (Ciprofloxacin, Metronidazole, and Minocycline) as intracanal medicament. After the disinfection protocol is complete, it is followed by revascularization procedure. The apex was mechanically irritated to initiate bleeding into the canal to produce a blood clot to the level just below the level of cementoenamel junction. Mineral trioxide aggregate was placed over the blood clot followed by bonded resin restoration above it. After one year follow up; the patient was asymptomatic, no sinus tract was evident. Apical periodontitis was resolved, and there was radiographic evidence of continuing thickness of dentinal walls. PMID:25386542

Yadav, Sarjeev Singh; Kumar M, Sita Rama

2014-01-01

331

Transit-time flow measurement for detection of early graft failure during myocardial revascularization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. A low-flow situation in arterial and venous grafts has been associated with high rates of perioperative infarction and mortality. This study was designed to look at intraoperative graft flow and resistance in patients with coronary artery disease.Methods. Coronary artery bypass graft flow was measured in 46 patients. Transit-time flow was used for coronary flow measurements at rest as well

Beat H Walpoth; Andreas Bosshard; Igor Genyk; Beat Kipfer; Pascal A Berdat; Otto M Hess; Ulrich Althaus; Thierry P Carrel

1998-01-01

332

Comparative one-year effectiveness of percutaneous coronary intervention versus coronary artery bypass grafting in patients <75 versus ?75 years with unprotected left main disease (from the CUSTOMIZE Registry).  

PubMed

There is a lack of knowledge on the interaction between age and left main coronary artery revascularization. The aim of this study was to investigate the comparative effectiveness of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with left main coronary artery disease aged <75 versus ?75 years. Of a total of 894 patients included, 692 (77.4%) were aged <75 years and 202 (23.6%) ?75 years. PCI was found to be significantly different from CABG with respect to the composite of major adverse cardiac events at 1-year follow-up in patients aged <75 years (15.5% vs 8.5%, p = 0.01) but not in those aged ?75 years (16.4% vs 13.9%, p = 0.65). This finding was consistent after statistical adjustment for baseline confounders in the 2 groups (adjusted hazard ratio [AHR] 2.2, 95% confidence interval 1.2 to 4.1, p = 0.016 in younger patients; AHR 0.9, 95% confidence interval 0.3 to 3.0, p = 0.88 in older patients). In the 2 groups, PCI and CABG showed similar adjusted risks for all-cause death, cardiac death, and myocardial infarction. Target lesion revascularization occurred more frequently in patients aged <75 years treated with PCI compared to CABG (AHR 5.1, 95% confidence interval 1.9 to 13.6, p = 0.001) but not in those aged ?75 years. A significant interaction between age and treatment with regard to major adverse cardiac events was identified (adjusted p for interaction = 0.034). In conclusion, compared to younger patients, elderly patients with left main disease are likely to derive the maximal gain from a less invasive procedure such as PCI. PMID:22853983

Capodanno, Davide; Caggegi, Anna; Capranzano, Piera; Milino, Viviana; Chisari, Alberto; Mangiameli, Andrea; Monaco, Sergio; Barrano, Giombattista; Di Salvo, Maria Elena; Tamburino, Corrado

2012-11-15

333

Comparison of clinical outcomes of Chinese men and women after coronary stenting for coronary artery disease: a multi-center retrospective analysis of 4,334 patients  

PubMed Central

Abstract The outcome differences between Chinese male and female patients within one-year follow-up after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent remain unclear. The present study was aimed to compare clinical outcomes in such two populations. From May 1999 to December 2009, 4,334 patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI), unstable angina, stable angina, or silent ischemia, who underwent PCI, were registered at our centers. Among these, 3,089 were men and 1,245 were women. We compared these groups with respect to the primary outcomes of MI and secondary outcomes including a composite of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) including cardiac death, MI, target lesion revascularization, target vessel revascularization (TVR), stent thrombosis (ST), definite ST and probable ST at one-year follow-up. Chinese male patients had a higher MACE rate (13% vs. 10.7%, P ?=? 0.039), mainly led by TVR (9.09% vs. 6.98%, P?=?0.024) at one year, which was significantly different than female patients. Chinese male and female patients showed a significant difference on MACEs. However, there was no significant difference with respect to MI between these groups. PMID:25332708

Shrestha, Rajiv; Xu, Jing; Xie, Dujiang; Liu, Zhizhong; Xu, Tian; Ye, Fei; Din, Shiqing; Qian, Xuesong; Yang, Song; Liu, Yueqiang; Li, Feng; Zhang, Aiping; Chen, Shaoliang

2014-01-01

334

Percutaneous coronary intervention versus coronary-artery bypass grafting for severe coronary artery disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) involving drug-eluting stents is increasingly used to treat complex coronary artery disease, although coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been the treatment of choice historically. Our trial compared PCI and CABG for treating patients with previously untreated three-vessel or left main coronary artery disease (or both). METHODS We randomly assigned 1800 patients with three-vessel or left

Patrick W. Serruys; Marie-Claude Morice; A. Pieter Kappetein; Antonio Colombo; David R. Holmes; Michael J. Mack; E. Stahle; Ted E. Feldman; Marcel van den Brand; Eric J. Bass; Nic Van Dyck; K. Leadly; Keith D. Dawkins; Friedrich W. Mohr

2009-01-01

335

Extended use of the GuideLiner in complex coronary interventions.  

PubMed

Aims: Challenging coronary anatomies including chronic total occlusions (CTO), extreme vessel tortuosity, diseased bypass grafts, and anomalous coronary arteries pose difficulties in coronary interventions. The GuideLiner is a monorail catheter originally developed to facilitate delivery of stents to target lesions in tortuous vessels. We conducted a study on the feasibility and safety of utilising this catheter in a wider array of complex coronary interventions. Methods and results: Consecutive patients undergoing coronary or peripheral interventions where a GuideLiner was used were recruited into this study. Patient demographics, lesion and vessel characteristics, procedural details and outcomes were prospectively entered into our database and analysed. From September 2009 to October 2011, 54 consecutive patients underwent coronary intervention in our institution using a GuideLiner; 21 out of 54 coronary applications were motivated by the need to increase support to cross CTOs, predominantly of the RCA. Anomalous or angulated take-off of the treatment vessels (31%), previously deployed proximal stents (15%), heavy proximal calcification (9%) and tortuosity (7%) accounted for the remaining reasons. One patient had successful renal denervation with the aid of a GuideLiner catheter. Procedural success was 98% in our series with no device-related periprocedural complications such as ostial dissection or myocardial necrosis. Conclusions: The use of a GuideLiner facilitates the approach to complex coronary interventions including chronic total occlusion and saphenous vein graft intervention by providing greater back-up support and easier engagement of coronary ostia. PMID:24930135

Chan, Pak Hei; Alegria-Barrero, Eduardo; Foin, Nicholas; Paulo, Manuel; Lindsay, Alistair C; Viceconte, Nicola; Di Mario, Carlo

2014-06-16

336

A case of extreme upper limb surgical revascularization in Buerger's disease.  

PubMed

Thromboangiitis obliterans or Buerger's disease is a rare nonatherosclerotic segmental inflammatory vasculitis that most commonly involves small and medium-sized arteries, veins, and nerves of the extremities, and generally affects young tobacco smokers. A 51-year-old man was found to have critical ischemia of his left hand, with necrosis of 3 fingers. He underwent extremely distal surgical revascularization using a cephalic vein bypass graft. PMID:24887859

Massara, Mafalda; De Caridi, Giovanni; Spinelli, Francesco

2015-01-01

337

Retinal Neurons Curb Inflammation and Enhance Revascularization in Ischemic Retinopathies via Proteinase-Activated Receptor-2.  

PubMed

Ischemic retinopathies are characterized by sequential vaso-obliteration followed by abnormal intravitreal neovascularization predisposing patients to retinal detachment and blindness. Ischemic retinopathies are associated with robust inflammation that leads to generation of IL-1?, which causes vascular degeneration and impairs retinal revascularization in part through the liberation of repulsive guidance cue semaphorin 3A (Sema3A). However, retinal revascularization begins as inflammation culminates in ischemic retinopathies. Because inflammation leads to activation of proteases involved in the formation of vasculature, we hypothesized that proteinase-activated receptor (Par)-2 (official name F2rl1) may modulate deleterious effects of IL-1?. Par2, detected mostly in retinal ganglion cells, was up-regulated in oxygen-induced retinopathy. Surprisingly, oxygen-induced retinopathy-induced vaso-obliteration and neovascularization were unaltered in Par2 knockout mice, suggesting compensatory mechanisms. We therefore conditionally knocked down retinal Par2 with shRNA-Par2-encoded lentivirus. Par2 knockdown interfered with normal revascularization, resulting in pronounced intravitreal neovascularization; conversely, the Par2 agonist peptide (SLIGRL) accelerated normal revascularization. In vitro and in vivo exploration of mechanisms revealed that IL-1? induced Par2 expression, which in turn down-regulated sequentially IL-1 receptor type I and Sema3A expression through Erk/Jnk-dependent processes. Collectively, our findings unveil an important mechanism by which IL-1? regulates its own endothelial cytotoxic actions by augmenting neuronal Par2 expression to repress sequentially IL-1 receptor type I and Sema3A expression. Timely activation of Par2 may be a promising therapeutic avenue in ischemic retinopathies. PMID:25478809

Sitaras, Nicholas; Rivera, José Carlos; Noueihed, Baraa; Bien-Aimé, Milsa; Zaniolo, Karine; Omri, Samy; Hamel, David; Zhu, Tang; Hardy, Pierre; Sapieha, Przemyslaw; Joyal, Jean-Sébastien; Chemtob, Sylvain

2015-02-01

338

Extra-anatomical revascularization of the Adamkiewicz artery using the internal mammary artery: preliminary anatomical study.  

PubMed

Ischemic spinal cord injury remains a major complication of both open and endovascular repairs of extensive lesions of the thoracic or thoracoabdominal aorta. Patients undergoing endovascular treatment cannot benefit from direct revascularization of the Adamkiewicz artery (AA). Primary revascularization of the intercostal artery (ICA) giving rise to the AA using the internal mammary artery (IMA) could ensure uninterrupted flow in the AA even if the origin of the feeding ICA was obstructed. The purpose of this study was to assess the anatomical feasibility of revascularization of the ICA giving rise to the AA using the IMA. Twenty-four dissections were carried out on 12 cadavers (eight men, four women) with a mean age of 76 at the time of death. Preparation consisted of intra-arterial injection of polymethylsiloxane (Rhodorsil, Rhodia, France). For each IMA, the following parameters were determined: diameter in relation to the ICA in the paravertebral region before division, length, and level of the intercostal space in which direct anastomosis was possible. Dissection showed that the mean diameter at the end of the IMA was 1.8mm (range 1.2-2.4). The mean diameter of the ICA in the paravertebral region was compatible with that of the IMA, i.e., 1.6mm (range 0.9-2.5). The mean length of the IMA was 185 mm (range 165-230). The lowest intercostal space available in the paravertebral region for direct anastomosis between the IMA and ICA was the seventh space in one case, the eighth in 12, the ninth in eight, and the tenth in three. The findings of this preliminary study document the feasibility of using the IMA to revascularize the ICA in the paravertebral region. This technique could provide a means of preserving spinal cord vascularization during endovascular treatment of thoracic or thoracoabdominal aortic lesions. PMID:19875011

Malikov, Serguei; Magnan, Pierre-Edouard; Branchereau, Alain; Bartoli, Jean-Michel; Champsaur, Pierre

2009-01-01

339

Surgical treatment for paediatric patients with moyamoya disease by indirect revascularization procedures (EDAS, EMS, EMAS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Surgical results of paediatric patients with Moyamoya disease who were treated by indirect revascularization procedures are reported. Encephalo-duro-arterio-synangiosis (EDAS), encephalomyo-arterio-synangiosis (EMAS), and\\/or encephalo-myo-synangiosis (EMS) were performed on 47 sides of 29 children with Moyamoya disease. The results of those non-anastomotic EC-IC bypass procedures were evaluated clinically, angiographically, and by computed tomography (CT). Postoperative external carotid angiograms showed a good

T. Matsushima; S. Fujiwara; S. Nagata; K. Fujii; M. Fukui; K. Kitamura; K. Hasuo

1989-01-01

340

Treatment of acute cervical internal carotid artery dissection using the Solitaire FR revascularization device.  

PubMed

During treatment of a right internal carotid artery terminus aneurysm, an acute iatrogenic flow limiting dissection was caused in the cervical internal carotid. The true lumen was catheterized using a Mirage 0.008 microwire over an Excelsior SL-10 microcatheter, which was exchanged for a Marksman microcatheter. A 6 mm×30 mm Solitaire FR revascularization device was then deployed across the dissection as a salvage technique. PMID:23257942

To, Chiu Yuen; Badr, Yaser; Richards, Boyd

2012-01-01

341

Treatment of acute cervical internal carotid artery dissection using the Solitaire FR revascularization device.  

PubMed

During treatment of a right internal carotid artery terminus aneurysm, an acute iatrogenic flow limiting dissection was caused in the cervical internal carotid. The true lumen was catheterized using a Mirage 0.008 microwire over an Excelsior SL-10 microcatheter, which was exchanged for a Marksman microcatheter. A 6 mm × 30 mm Solitaire FR revascularization device was then deployed across the dissection as a salvage technique. PMID:23299103

To, Chiu Yuen; Badr, Yaser; Richards, Boyd

2013-11-01

342

Coronary Plaque Boundary Enhancement in IVUS Image by Using a Modified Perona-Malik Diffusion Filter  

PubMed Central

We propose a modified Perona-Malik diffusion (PMD) filter to enhance a coronary plaque boundary by considering the conditions peculiar to an intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) image. The IVUS image is commonly used for a diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The IVUS image is however very grainy due to heavy speckle noise. When the normal PMD filter is applied for speckle noise reduction in the IVUS image, the coronary plaque boundary becomes vague. For this problem, we propose a modified PMD filter which is designed in special reference to the coronary plaque boundary detection. It can then not only reduce the speckle noise but also enhance clearly the coronary plaque boundary. After applying the modified PMD filter to the IVUS image, the coronary plaque boundaries are successfully detected further by applying the Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy model. The accuracy of the proposed method has been confirmed numerically by the experiments. PMID:25506357

Anam, S.; Uchino, E.; Suetake, N.

2014-01-01

343

Transmyocardial revascularization on canine with Ho:YAG laser - an experimental study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Background and Objective: To evaluate the efficiency of transmyocardial revascularization with Ho:YAG laser and find out adequate physical parameters of the laser. Materials and Methods: 10 dogs were studied. All the samples were divided into two groups: the laser group (5 dogs) and the control group (5 dogs). Acute myocardial ischemia was induced in all the samples, and transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMLR) was only done in the laser group. We compared the difference of improvement in myocardial perfusion between the two groups with single photon emission computed tomograph (SPECT) and observed the patency of the laser channels and heat injures in the tissue adjacent to the channels with light- and electro-scope. Results: After 4 weeks, the recovery of myocardial perfusion was significantly faster in the laser group than in the control group through SPECT (P<0.05). Most of the laser channels drilled with Ho:YAG laser were filled with fibrin. There were amount of microvessels and erythrocytes inside and around the channels. Only slight heat injures were seen in the tissue adjacent to the channels. Only 20-30 watts were needed in TMLR. Conclusions: Transmyocardial revascularization with Ho:YAG laser limits infarct expansion and reduces myocardial ischemia efficiently. TMLR with Ho:YAG laser can become a new technique to treat ischemic heart disease.

Bao, Xiaoqing; Zhu, Jing; Zhang, Hui-Guo

2005-07-01

344

Results of distal revascularization in elderly patients for critical ischemia of the lower limbs.  

PubMed

Thirty eight patients over 75 years of age were operated upon of 40 distal arterial revascularizations for critical ischaemia of the lower limbs. Arterial reconstruction was proposed to ambulatory, self sufficient patients, with a patent artery of the leg or the foot in continuity with pedal arch, at arteriography. The revascularized artery was the peroneal in 14 cases, the anterior tibial in 11, the posterior tibial in 9, the dorsalis pedis in 5, and the external plantar artery in 1 case. Postoperative mortality was 2.6%. No postoperative arterial occlusion occurred and no postoperative amputation needed to be performed. The mean follow-up of 37 patients surviving operation was 21 months (ext. 2-52 months). At 36 months interval, patients' survival was 43%, primary patency rate was 57%, and limb salvage rate was 76%, at life-table analysis. Distal revascularization enables a good number of elderly patients in critical ischaemia of the lower limb, to enjoy an active, independent life, with a viable limb. PMID:10352735

Illuminati, G; Calio, F G; Bertagni, A; Piermattei, A; Vietri, F; Martinelli, V

1999-04-01

345

Small islets transplantation superiority to large ones: implications from islet microcirculation and revascularization.  

PubMed

Pancreatic islet transplantation is a promising therapy to regain glycemic control in diabetic patients. The selection of ideal grafts is the basis to guarantee short-term effectivity and longevity of the transplanted islets. Contradictory to the traditional notion, recent findings implied the superiority of small islets for better transplantation outcomes rather than the large and intact ones. However, the mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Recent evidences emphasized the major impact of microcirculation on islet ? -cell mass and function. And potentials in islet graft revascularization are crucial for their survival and preserved function in the recipient. In this study, we verified the distinct histological phenotype and functionality of small islets versus large ones both in vitro and in vivo. With efforts to exploring the differences in microcirculation and revascularization of islet grafts, we further evaluated local expressions of angiotensin and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) at different levels. Our findings reveal that, apart from the higher density of insulin-producing ? -cells, small islets express less angiotensin and more angiotrophic VEGF-A. We therefore hypothesized a logical explanation of the small islet superiority for transplantation outcome from the aspects of facilitated microcirculation and revascularization intrinsically in small islets. PMID:24829922

Li, Wenjuan; Zhao, Ruxing; Liu, Jidong; Tian, Meng; Lu, Yiran; He, Tianyi; Cheng, Meng; Liang, Kai; Li, Xia; Wang, Xiangdong; Sun, Yu; Chen, Li

2014-01-01

346

The Association between Antidepressant Medications and Coronary Heart Disease in Brazil: A Cross-Sectional Analysis on the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brazil)  

PubMed Central

Background: Recent studies have highlighted associations between use of antidepressant medications and coronary heart disease (CHD). Tricyclic antidepressants (TCA) are not recommended in patients with CHD as they may increase morbidity and mortality. However, this class of antidepressants is freely prescribed in public health pharmacies, while access to other classes of antidepressants is restricted in Brazil. Here, we examine the associations between antidepressant use and prevalent CHD in a large cohort from Brazil. Methods: Participants included 14,994 civil servants aged 35–74?years from the baseline assessment of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). CHD (n?=?710) included stable angina, myocardial infarction, and coronary revascularization. Univariate (unadjusted) and multivariate (adjusted) logistic regression analyses were conducted to estimate odds ratios and confidence intervals. Results: After full adjustment for covariates, TCA use (n?=?156) was associated with a twofold increase in prevalent CHD, relative to non-use (n?=?14,076). Additional sensitivity analysis revealed a threefold association for myocardial infarction (OR: 2.96, 95% CI: 1.41–6.21) and coronary revascularization (OR: 2.92, 95% CI: 1.28–6.66). There were no significant associations between antidepressant use and stable angina pectoris. Conclusion: Findings highlight a strong association between TCA use and prevalent CHD. While the cross-sectional design is an important limitation of the present study, findings have important implications for the treatment of cardiac patients in Brazil.

Kemp, Andrew H.; Brunoni, Andre R.; Bittencourt, Marcio S.; Nunes, Maria A.; Benseñor, Isabela M.; Lotufo, Paulo A.

2015-01-01

347

Intracavitary course of the right coronary artery: an increasingly recognized anomaly by coronary computed tomography angiography.  

PubMed

Coronary computed tomography angiography is being increasingly used for evaluation of coronary artery anatomy. We present a case report in which coronary computed tomography angiography detected an uncommon intracavitary course of the right coronary artery. PMID:20414137

Renapurkar, Rahul; Desai, Milind Y; Curtin, Ronan J

2010-08-01

348

Role of non-electrocardiogram-gated contrast-enhanced computed tomography in the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome.  

PubMed

Non-electrocardiogram-gated contrast-enhanced computed tomography (non-ECG-gated CT) is available in most hospitals where patients with chest and/or back pain are admitted to the emergency department. Although it has been established as the initial diagnostic imaging modality for acute aortic dissection (AAD) and pulmonary thromboembolism (PE), its diagnostic ability for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in the emergency department has not been elucidated. We retrospectively investigated 154 consecutive patients who required non-ECG-gated CT to differentiate AAD and PE in the emergency department, but had no evidence of them on CT. Furthermore, a subanalysis was performed in the patients who were subsequently suspected of ACS and underwent emergent invasive coronary angiography followed by CT. We evaluated left ventricular enhancement to detect myocardial perfusion deficit by calculating Hounsfield units, and the results were compared with ultimate diagnoses and angiography findings. A perfusion deficit was detected in 43 patients, among whom 26 were ultimately diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction (AMI); 24 patients required emergent revascularization. The subanalysis indicated that perfusion abnormalities corresponded with the territory of the culprit artery in all except one patient. In the remaining 111 patients without perfusion deficit, only two required emergent revascularization, and their levels of creatine kinase MB were not elevated. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of non-ECG-gated CT in predicting AMI/emergent revascularization were 93 %, 87 %, 61 %, and 98 %/92 %, 85 %, 56 %, and 98 %, respectively. Non-ECG-gated CT facilitates the diagnosis of ACS and the decision on emergent catheterization, providing information on the ischemic myocardial area by detection of a localized decrease in left ventricular enhancement. PMID:24221182

Mano, Yoshinori; Anzai, Toshihisa; Yoshizawa, Akihiro; Itabashi, Yuji; Ohki, Takahiro

2015-01-01

349

Influence of percutaneous transluminal coronary rotational atherectomy with adjunctive percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty on coronary blood flow  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of sequential percutaneous transluminal coronary rotational atherectomy (PTCRA) and coronary angioplasty on coronary blood flow and flow reserve in patients. Rotational coronary atherectomy restores lumen patency by partially ablating fibrocalcific plaque, releasing microparticulate debris into the distal coronary circulation. Adjunctive balloon angioplasty is usually performed to optimize the angiographic luminal

Alexander F. Khoury; Frank V. Aguirre; Richard G. Bach; Eugene A. Caracciolo; Thomas J. Donohue; Thomas Wolford; Carol Mechem; Steven C. Herrmann; Morton J. Kern

1996-01-01

350

Cardiac transplantation for spontaneous coronary artery dissection†  

PubMed Central

We report a 49-year old female who presented with ST elevation myocardial infarction, in whom thrombolysis and coronary angioplasty failed to perfuse the myocardium. She was unsuitable for emergency coronary artery bypass grafting surgery due to the interval elapsed between the myocardial infarction, thrombolysis and large infracted myocardium. Ventricular-assisted device support for a bridge to recovery or transplantation is a widely accepted treatment modality; however, in this case, it was unadvisable due to the extent of the infarcted myocardium and the risk of suturing outflow ports into the infracted myocardium. The patient's condition was stabilized with cardiac inotropic support, intra-aortic balloon counter pulsation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as a last resort until a heart became available for transplantation. The patient received successful orthotopic heart transplantation 4 days after her initial presentation and her postoperative recovery was uneventful. PMID:23049079

Bashir, Mohamad; Mustafa, Hanif; Singh, Harjot; Bonser, Robert

2013-01-01

351

Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Rapidly-Adopted Cardiovascular Technology with Administrative Data: The Case of Drug-Eluting Stents for Acute Coronary Syndromes  

PubMed Central

Background Instrumental variable (IV) methods can correct for unmeasured confounding when using administrative (claims) data for cardiovascular outcomes research, but difficulties identifying valid IVs have limited their use. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of drug-eluting coronary stents (DES) compared to bare metal stents (BMS) for Medicare beneficiaries with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) using the rapid uptake of DES in clinical practice as an instrument. We compared results from IV to those from propensity score matching (PSM) and multivariable regression models. Methods Retrospective cohort study involving 62,309 fee-for-service beneficiaries aged 66 and older treated with coronary stenting between May 2003 and February 2004. Outcomes were measured for 46 months after revascularization using claims data. Results DES recipients were younger, had lower prevalence of myocardial infarction, and had fewer comorbidities compared to BMS recipients. Use of DES was associated with lower rates of mortality by PSM (HR 0.80, CI: [0.77, 0.83]) but not by IV (HR 0.99, CI: [0.87, 1.11]). IV models estimated a larger reduction in repeat revascularization (HR 0.76, CI: [0.63, 0.89]) than did PSM (HR 0.90, CI: [0.87, 0.93]). Conclusions Based on IV analysis, the increased utilization of DES relative to BMS among Medicare beneficiaries with ACS is associated with reduced rates of repeat revascularization and no difference in mortality. IV approaches provide a useful complement to conventional approaches to cardiovascular outcomes research with administrative data. PMID:22877806

Federspiel, Jerome J.; Stearns, Sally C.; Sheridan, Brett C.; Kuritzky, Jack J.; D’Arcy, Laura P.; Crespin, Daniel J.; Carey, Timothy S.; Rossi, Joseph S.

2013-01-01

352

Coronary Artery Anomalies  

MedlinePLUS

... detailed view of a CAA. Transesophageal echocardiography to get pictures of the heart from inside the esophagus rather than through ... scanning, especially electron beam computed tomography (EBCT), to get a good picture of the coronary arteries. Nuclear imaging tests to see if ...

353

Coronary artery disease (image)  

MedlinePLUS

... through these arteries is critical for the heart. Coronary artery disease usually results from the build-up of fatty material and plaque, a condition called atherosclerosis. As the ... blood to the heart can slow or stop, causing chest pain (stable ...

354

A Retrograde Approach to Coronary Ostial Stenosis after a Bentall Procedure in a Patient with Behçet's Disease  

PubMed Central

We describe a case of chronic total occlusion of the right coronary artery ostium 5 months after a repeated Bentall procedure in a patient with Behçet's disease. In this patient, an antegrade approach to delivering the guidewire during percutaneous coronary intervention was not successful. Coronary angiography revealed the existence of collateral blood supply from the left coronary artery. Using a retrograde approach, a guidewire was successfully advanced from the distal left circumflex artery through the collateral vessel and into the posterolateral branch of the right coronary artery. After the guidewire crossed over the occluded right coronary artery ostium and was snared into the ascending aorta, antegrade access for balloon and stent delivery succeeded. PMID:23682290

Park, Taek Kyu; Yang, Jeong Hoon; Yoo, Hongseok; Ahn, Joonseong; Jeon, Jaryong; Song, Young Bin

2013-01-01

355

Coronary CT Angiography in the Quantitative Assessment of Coronary Plaques  

PubMed Central

Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) has been recently evaluated for its ability to assess coronary plaque characteristics, including plaque composition. Identification of the relationship between plaque composition by CCTA and patient clinical presentations may provide insight into the pathophysiology of coronary artery plaque, thus assisting identification of vulnerable plaques which are associated with the development of acute coronary syndrome. CCTA-generated 3D visualizations allow evaluation of both coronary lesions and lumen changes, which are considered to enhance the diagnostic performance of CCTA. The purpose of this review is to discuss the recent developments that have occurred in the field of CCTA with regard to its diagnostic accuracy in the quantitative assessment of coronary plaques, with a focus on the characterization of plaque components and identification of vulnerable plaques. PMID:25162010

2014-01-01

356

Who Needs Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting?  

MedlinePLUS

... from the NHLBI on Twitter. Who Needs Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting? Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is ... Artery Bypass Grafting, visit www.clinicaltrials.gov . Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in the News November 18, 2014 ...

357

What Is Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)?  

MedlinePLUS

... Medical Illustrations: Jill Rhead, MA What is Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)? What Can Happen When Blockages ... Condition be Like After CABG? WHAT IS CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFTING (CABG)? Coronary artery bypass grafting or " ...

358

Associations between HIV Infection and Subclinical Coronary Atherosclerosis: The Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS)  

PubMed Central

Background Coronary artery disease (CAD) has been associated with HIV infection; however data are not consistent. Objective We performed cardiac CT to determine whether HIV-infected men have more coronary atherosclerosis than uninfected men. Design Cross-sectional study within the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study(MACS). Participants HIV-infected (n=618) and –uninfected (n=383) men who have sex with men (MSM) had non-contrast and contrast enhanced cardiac CT if they were between 40–70 years, weighed <300 pounds, and had no history of coronary revascularization. Measurements Presence and extent, for those with plaque, of coronary artery calcium (CAC) on non-contrast CT, and of any plaque, non-calcified, mixed or calcified plaque and stenosis on CT angiography. Results 1001 men underwent non-contrast CT of whom 759 had coronary CT angiography. After adjusting for age, race, center, and cohort, HIV-infected men had a greater prevalence of CAC [Prevalence ratio(PR)=1.21, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08–1.35, p=0.001], and any plaque [PR=1.14(1.05–1.24),p=0.001], including non-calcified plaque [PR=1.28(1.13–1.45),p<0.001) and mixed plaque [PR=1.35(1.10–1.65),p=0.004] than HIV-uninfected men. Associations between HIV-infection and any plaque and non-calcified plaque remained significant (p<0.005) after CAD risk factor adjustment. HIV-infected men also had a greater extent of non-calcified plaque after CAD risk factor adjustment (p=0.026). HIV-infected men had a greater prevalence of coronary artery stenosis>50% than HIV-uninfected men [PR=1.48(1.06–2.07),p=0.020), but not after CAD risk factor adjustment. Longer duration of highly active antiretroviral therapy [PR=1.09(1.02–1.17), p=0.007,per year] and lower nadir CD4+ T-cell count [PR=0.80(0.69–0.94),p=0.005, per 100 cells] were associated with coronary stenosis>50%. Conclusions Coronary artery plaque, especially non-calcified plaque, is more prevalent and extensive in HIV-infected men, independent of CAD risk factors. Limitations Cross-sectional observational study design and inclusion of only men. Primary Funding Source NHLBI and NIAID PMID:24687069

Post, Wendy S; Budoff, Matthew; Kingsley, Lawrence; Palella, Frank J; Witt, Mallory D; Li, Xiuhong; George, Richard T; Brown, Todd; Jacobson, Lisa P.

2014-01-01

359

Functional Relevance of Coronary Artery Disease by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance and Cardiac Computed Tomography: Myocardial Perfusion and Fractional Flow Reserve  

PubMed Central

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality and it is responsible for an increasing resource burden. The identification of patients at high risk for adverse events is crucial to select those who will receive the greatest benefit from revascularization. To this aim, several non-invasive functional imaging modalities are usually used as gatekeeper to invasive coronary angiography, but the diagnostic yield of elective invasive coronary angiography remains unfortunately low. Stress myocardial perfusion imaging by cardiac magnetic resonance (stress-CMR) has emerged as an accurate technique for diagnosis and prognostic stratification of the patients with known or suspected CAD thanks to high spatial and temporal resolution, absence of ionizing radiation, and the multiparametric value including the assessment of cardiac anatomy, function, and viability. On the other side, cardiac computed tomography (CCT) has emerged as unique technique providing coronary arteries anatomy and more recently, due to the introduction of stress-CCT and noninvasive fractional flow reserve (FFR-CT), functional relevance of CAD in a single shot scan. The current review evaluates the technical aspects and clinical experience of stress-CMR and CCT in the evaluation of functional relevance of CAD discussing the strength and weakness of each approach. PMID:25692133

Andreini, Daniele; Bertella, Erika; Mushtaq, Saima; Guaricci, Andrea Igoren; Pepi, Mauro

2015-01-01

360

Randomized trial of the effects of exercise training after coronary artery bypass surgery  

SciTech Connect

Fifty-three male volunteers who had undergone coronary artery bypass surgery were randomized to a medically supervised exercise program (N = 28) or to usual community care (N = 25). They were tested initially and at one year with exercise tests for thallium scintigraphy, maximal oxygen uptake, and electrocardiography. Approximately one third of the patients had signs and/or symptoms of ischemia consistent with incomplete or unsuccessful revascularization. Over the year there were five dropouts, but no major complications occurred. The exercisers attended an average of 82% of the sessions (three times a week) and trained at 80% of their maximal heart rate. Both the exercisers with and those without angina had significant increases in estimated and measured oxygen uptake and significant declines in submaximal and resting heart rate. There was a trend toward improved thallium scans in the exercised patients with angina.

Froelicher, V.; Jensen, D.; Sullivan, M.

1985-04-01

361

[Coronary vasomotion in myocardial ischemia].  

PubMed

Coronary vasomotion can be characterized with respect to its localization in the coronary vascular tree as segmental (epicardial, collateral, resistive), with respect to its localization in the myocardium as transmural (subendocardial vs subepicardial), or with respect to its mediators (myogenic, metabolic, endothelial, neuronal, humoral). Coronary vessels exhibit a marked coronary dilator reserve which can be recruited to maintain regional myocardial blood flow and contractile function distal to coronary stenoses. Even in the presence of myocardial ischemia, coronary vessels retain a significant dilator reserve which can only be recruited pharmacologically. A critical reduction in blood flow at the level of epicardial coronary arteries is the underlying cause for a range of pathophysiological processes that extends from changes in the hemodynamic severity of a fixed stenosis to dynamic coronary stenosis, and finally to true spasm. These pathophysiological processes differ in the quantitative contribution of active coronary vasoconstriction and fixed mechanical obstruction to the initiation of myocardial ischemia; the mediators of epicardial coronary constriction are largely unclear. Significant alpha 2-adrenergic coronary constriction of the resistive vessels, predominantly in the subendocardium, contributes to the initiation of poststenotic myocardial ischemia during sympathetic activation and exercise in experimental studies. Intracoronary alpha-blockade with phentolamine also attenuates exercise-induced myocardial ischemia in patients with stable angina. Experimental analyses of regional myocardial blood flow and contractile function in ischemic myocardium reveal that a discrepancy between O2-supply (flow) and O2-demand (function) does not exist on a hemodynamic level. Regional myocardial blood flow and function are instead adequately reduced in ischemic myocardium. Thus, absolute regional myocardial blood flow--as a result of coronary vasomotion and blood flow redistribution--is the significant determination of myocardial ischemia. PMID:2678793

Heusch, G

1989-08-01

362

Balloon catheter coronary angioplasty  

SciTech Connect

The author has produced a reference and teaching book on balloon angioplasty. Because it borders in surgery and is performed on an awake patient without circulatory assistance, it is a complex and demanding procedure that requires thorough knowledge before it is attempted. The text is divided into seven sections. The first section describes coronary anatomy and pathophysiology, defines the objectives and mechanisms of the procedure and lists four possible physiologic results. The next section describes equipment in the catheterization laboratory, catheters, guidewires and required personnel. The following section is on the procedure itself and includes a discussion of examination, testing, technique and follow-up. The fourth section details possible complications that can occur during the procedure, such as coronary spasms, occlusion, thrombosis, perforations and ruptures, and also discusses cardiac surgery after failed angioplasty. The fifth section details complex or unusual cases that can occur. The sixth and seventh sections discuss radiation, alternative procedures and the future of angioplasty.

Angelini, P.

1987-01-01

363

Impact of different exercise training modalities on the coronary collateral circulation and plaque composition in patients with significant coronary artery disease (EXCITE trial): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Exercise training (ET) in addition to optimal medical therapy (OMT) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) has been demonstrated to be superior to percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) with respect to the composite endpoint of death, myocardial infarction, stroke, revascularization and hospitalization due to worsening of angina. One mechanism leading to this superiority discussed in the literature is the increase in coronary collateral blood flow due to ET. Until now, data demonstrating the positive effect of ET on the collateral blood flow and the functional capacity of the coronary collateral circulation are still lacking. Methods/design The EXCITE trial is a three-armed randomized, prospective, single-center, open-label, controlled study enrolling 60 patients with stable CAD and at least one significant coronary stenosis (fractional flow reserve ?0.75). The study is designed to compare the influence and efficacy of two different 4-week ET programs [high-intensity interval trainings (IT) versus moderate-intensity exercise training (MT) in addition to OMT] versus OMT only on collateral blood flow (CBF). The primary efficacy endpoint is the change of the CBF of the target vessel after 4 weeks as assessed by coronary catheterization with a pressure wire during interruption of the antegrade flow of the target vessel by balloon occlusion. Secondary endpoints include the change in plaque composition as assessed by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) after 4 weeks, myocardial perfusion as analyzed in MRI after 4 weeks and 12 months, peak oxygen uptake (V02 peak), change in endothelial function and biomarkers after 4 weeks, 3, 6 and 12 months. The safety endpoint addresses major adverse cardiovascular events (death from cardiovascular cause, myocardial infarction, stroke, TIA, target vessel revascularization or hospitalization) after 12 months. Discussion The trial investigates whether ET for 4 weeks increases the CBF in patients with significant CAD compared to a sedentary control group. It also examines the impact of two intensities of ET on the CBF as well as the histological plaque composition. The trial started recruitment in June 2009 and will complete recruitment until June 2012. First results are expected in December 2012 (4-week follow-up), final results (12-month long-term secondary endpoint) in December 2013. Trial registration Clinical trial registration information-URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01209637 PMID:22974129

2012-01-01

364

Noninvasive techniques in assessing coronary artery disease.  

E-print Network

??Conventional invasive coronary angiography is the clinical gold standard for detecting of coronary artery stenoses. Noninvasive multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in combination with retrospective ECG… (more)

Holmström, Miia

2006-01-01

365

Bowel necrosis following endovascular revascularization for chronic mesenteric ischemia: a case report and review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Background Endovascular revascularization has recently been established as a less invasive treatment method for chronic mesenteric ischemia. However, intestinal necrosis caused by distal embolization following this procedure has not been emphasized. Case presentation The present report describes a 59-year-old man who was treated with endovascular revascularization for chronic mesenteric ischemia. After the procedure, he was diagnosed with intestinal necrosis caused by distal embolization. Despite emergent bowel resection, he died on postoperative day 109. Conclusion Although endovascular revascularization for chronic mesenteric ischemia is less invasive and may be suitable for high-risk patients, attention should be paid to avoid embolic complications that can cause intestinal infarction possibly leading to a fatal condition. PMID:23865626

2013-01-01

366

Internal carotid artery surgical revascularization in a pediatric patient with Schimke immuno-osseous dysplasia.  

PubMed

Schimke immuno-osseous dysplasia (SIOD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, episodic lymphopenia, renal failure, and cerebrovascular disease secondary to arteriosclerosis and myointimal hyperplasia. In this paper the authors report the first known application of internal carotid artery (ICA) surgical revascularization to relieve a high-grade focal stenosis of the ICA in a pediatric patient, a 6-year-old boy with SIOD. The clinical presentation, imaging features, operative technique, and postoperative course are described and the molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and treatment considerations in SIOD are discussed. PMID:25431900

Westbroek, Erick M; Mukerji, Nitin; Kalanithi, Paul; Steinberg, Gary K

2015-02-01

367

XIENCE PRIME Everolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System (EECSS) China Single-Arm Study  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Angioplasty; Cardiovascular Disease; Chronic Coronary Occlusion; Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG); Coronary Artery Disease; Coronary Heart Disease; Coronary Restenosis; Myocardial Infarction; Myocardial Ischemia; Stent Thrombosis; Vascular Disease

2014-08-06

368

Use of Stress Testing and Diagnostic Catheterization after Coronary Stenting: Association of Site-level Patterns with Patient Characteristics and Outcomes in 247,052 Medicare Beneficiaries  

PubMed Central

Objectives To determine diagnostic testing patterns after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Background Little is known about patterns of diagnostic testing after PCI in the U.S. or the relationship of these patterns with clinical outcomes. Methods We linked Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services inpatient and outpatient claims to the National Cardiovascular Data Registry® CathPCI Registry® data from 2005–2007. Hospital quartiles of the cumulative incidence of diagnostic testing use within 12 and 24 months post-PCI were compared for patient characteristics, repeat revascularization, acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and death. Results A total of 247,052 patients underwent PCI at 656 institutions. Patient and site characteristics were similar across testing use quartiles. There was a 9% and 20% higher adjusted risk of repeat revascularization in Quartile 3 and Quartile 4 (highest testing rate), respectively, when compared to Quartile 1 (lowest testing rate) (p=0.020 and <0.0001, respectively). The adjusted risk for death or AMI did not differ among quartiles. Conclusions While patient characteristics were largely independent of rates of post-PCI testing, higher testing rates was not associated with lower risks of myocardial infarction or death, but repeat revascularization was significantly higher at these sites. Additional studies should examine whether increased testing is a marker for improved quality of post-PCI care or simply increased healthcare utilization. PMID:23727207

Shah, Bimal R.; McCoy, Lisa A.; Federspiel, Jerome J.; Mudrick, Daniel; Cowper, Patricia A.; Masoudi, Frederick A.; Lytle, Barbara L.; Green, Cynthia L.; Douglas, Pamela S.

2014-01-01

369

Assessment of Silent Neuronal Injury Following Coronary Angiography and Intervention in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome.  

PubMed

The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence and predictors of silent neuronal injury (SNI) after coronary angiography (CAG) and intervention by serial measurement of serum neuron-specific enolase (NSE) in patients presented with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Ninety-eight consecutive patients presented with ACS and underwent CAG and intervention were included in the study. The NSE levels significantly increased after CAG and intervention compared to baseline levels (22.03 ± 27.70 and 10.08 ± 3.15 consecutively). Left ventricular ejection fraction in the SNI+ group was significantly lower than that in the SNI- group (43.71% ± 12.51%, 50.84% ± 9.34%, P = .002). Maximal creatinine kinase myocardial band, troponin I, and SYNTAX score of the SNI+ group were significantly higher than those of the SNI- group (103.83 ± 99.22, 51.92 ± 78.33, P = .006; 50.04 ± 66.18, 19.18 ± 30.50, P = .002; 103.83 ± 99.22, 51.92 ± 78.33, P = .006; and 50.04 ± 66.18, 19.18 ± 30.50, P = .002 successively). SYNTAX score and performing percutaneous coronary intervention were the independent predictors of SNI (P = .009, odds ratio [OR] = 1.06, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.014-1.107, P = .036, OR = 4.262, 95% CI = 1.097-16.56). Percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery lesion complexity may increase the risk of SNI in patients with ACS. PMID:24798685

Aykan, Ahmet Ca?r?; Gökdeniz, Tayyar; Bekta?, Hüseyin; Boyac?, Faruk; Gül, Ilker; Hatem, Engin; Kalayc?o?lu, Ezgi; Turan, Turhan; Cevirme, Deniz; Celik, Sukru

2014-05-01

370

Segmental myocardial wall motion during minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting using open and endoscopic surgical techniques.  

PubMed

Current options for minimally invasive surgical treatment of single-vessel coronary artery disease include beating heart procedures without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) via mini-thoracotomy (MIDCAB) and totally endoscopic robot-assisted techniques (TECAB) with CPB. Both procedures are associated with potential myocardial stress before revascularization, such as single-lung ventilation (SLV), temporary coronary artery occlusion, cardiac luxation, intrathoracic carbon dioxide insufflation, and extended CPB and operating time. In this echocardiographic study we sought to evaluate the extent of intraoperative segmental wall motion abnormalities (SWMA) during MIDCAB and TECAB surgery and to identify factors affecting SWMA. Forty-six patients with single-vessel coronary artery disease were studied. Sixteen patients were operated using the MIDCAB technique and 30 patients with TECAB. In both groups sequential transesophageal echocardiograms were recorded during the entire procedure. Hemodynamic data and oxygenation variables were acquired simultaneously. In both groups, mild but obvious perioperative SWMA were identified and noted to increase during the course of the operation. These SWMA were more pronounced in the TECAB group. Independent of operating time, these changes disappeared completely after revascularization. No significant hemodynamic compromise was observed. We conclude that MIDCAB and TECAB techniques are associated with significant perioperative SWMA. The appearance of more profound SWMA in the TECAB group compared with the MIDCAB patients might have been the result of intrathoracic CO(2) insufflation, as SLV was used in both groups. No persistent SWMA or post-CPB SWMA were apparent in either group. More extensive intraoperative ventricular SWMA was detected in the TECAB group, suggesting that a more frequent risk for right ventricular dysfunction may exist during TECAB procedures. PMID:15673848

Mierdl, S; Byhahn, C; Lischke, V; Aybek, T; Wimmer-Greinecker, G; Dogan, S; Viehmeyer, S; Kessler, P; Westphal, Klaus

2005-02-01

371

Double stent loss during multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome  

PubMed Central

The following description presents a case of a 75-year-old female patient with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome in whom there occurred an infrequent complication of percutaneous coronary angioplasty: uncontrolled intracoronary stent displacement from a balloon catheter. During the attempt to retrieve the device using the “small-balloon” technique, further slippage of the stent from the balloon catheter to the right deep femoral artery was observed. Therefore, it was decided to provide a commercial intravascular microloop, whereby the stent was successfully retrieved outside the vascular system. PMID:25061458

Hawranek, Micha?; G?sior, Pawe? M.; Piegza, Jacek; Ci?lak, Aneta; Lekston, Andrzej; G?sior, Mariusz

2014-01-01

372

Impact of Glycemic Control Strategies on the Progression of Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy in the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes (BARI 2D) Cohort  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE The Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes (BARI 2D) trial demonstrated similar long-term clinical effectiveness of insulin-sensitizing (IS) versus insulin-providing (IP) treatments for type 2 diabetes on cardiovascular outcomes in a cohort with documented coronary artery disease. We evaluated the effects of randomized glycemic control strategy (IS vs. IP) on the prevalence and incidence of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS DPN (defined as Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument [MNSI] clinical examination score >2) was assessed at baseline and yearly for 4 years. DPN prevalence and incidence were compared by intention-to-treat modeling by logistic generalized estimating equation models for prevalence and Kaplan-Meier estimates and Cox regression models for incidence rates. RESULTS Results are reported for 2,159 BARI 2D participants (70% males) with valid baseline and at least one follow-up MNSI score (mean age 62 ± 9 years, mean HbA1c 7.7 ± 1.6%, diabetes duration 10 ± 9 years). There were no differences in the prevalence of DPN between the IS and the IP groups throughout the 4 years of follow-up. In 1,075 BARI 2D participants with no DPN at baseline, the 4-year cumulative incidence rate of DPN was significantly lower in the IS (66%) than in the IP (72%) strategy group (P = 0.02), which remained significant after adjusting for the in-trial HbA1c (P = 0.04). In subgroup analyses, IS strategy had a greater benefit in men (hazard ratio 0.75 [99% CI 0.58–0.99], P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS Among patients with type 2 diabetes followed for up to 4 years during BARI 2D, a glycemic control therapy with IS significantly reduced the incidence of DPN compared with IP therapy and may add further benefit for men. PMID:23757426

Pop-Busui, Rodica; Lu, Jiang; Brooks, Maria Mori; Albert, Stewart; Althouse, Andrew D.; Escobedo, Jorge; Green, Jenifer; Palumbo, Pasquale; Perkins, Bruce A.; Whitehouse, Fred; Jones, Teresa L.Z.

2013-01-01

373

Percutaneous coronary intervention with anomalous origin of right coronary artery: case reports and literature review  

PubMed Central

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in an anomalous right coronary artery (RCA) can be technically difficult because selective cannulation of the vessel may not be easy. We thereby present two cases with unstable angina pectoris of anomalous originated RCA. The PCI were successfully performed in two patients with a special guiding wire manipulating skill which we called “gone with the flow” combined with balloon anchoring technology, providing excellent angiographic visualization and sound guide support for stent delivery throughout the procedure without severe cardiovascular adverse effects. Our primary data suggested that PCI for geriatric patients with an anomalous origin of RCA accompanied by severe atherosclerotic lesions might also be a safe, available, and feasible strategy. PMID:23888182

Hong, Li-Feng; Luo, Song-Hui; Li, Jian-Jun

2013-01-01

374

Coronary vasospasm and aborted sudden death treated with an implantable defibrillator and stenting.  

PubMed

In selected patients suffering from variant angina, an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) and coronary stenting can be helpful to prevent sudden death and treat coronary artery spasm. We report a case of a 47-year-old woman suffering from variant angina, who experienced an episode of ventricular fibrillation promptly cardioverted. After coronary angiography documentation of a mild atherosclerosis, an ICD was implanted and oral nitrates and calcium antagonists were prescribed. The recurrence of chest pain and palpitations prompted us to perform a second coronary angiography that documented a focal coronary artery spasm successfully treated with stent implantation. No other episodes of angina or ventricular arrhythmia were documented during the following 6 months of follow-up. PMID:12025377

Fiocca, Luigi; Di Biasi, Maurizio; Bruno, Nicola; Ciuffreda, Matteo; Zumbo, Francesco; Mangiameli, Daniele; Montenero, Annibale Sandro

2002-04-01

375

Chest pain due to late huge coronary pseudoaneurysm following stent implantation.  

PubMed

A 50-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of persistent atypical chest pain. His past medical history was remarkable for a non ST elevation myocardial infarction, treated five months previously with PCI on the right coronary artery. Two months later, for chest pain, he underwent coronary angiography that showed a right coronary artery with slight ectasia near the stent. Five months later for the persistence of atypical chest pain he came to our clinic. Chest CT showed a 31.5 mm hematoma of the right coronary artery. Coronary angiography revealed a giant aneurysm, proximal to the stent. In the light of rapid growth of aneurysm, the risk of rupture and symptoms, we decided to treat the aneurysm with covered stents. The patient underwent successful PCI with regression of symptoms. PMID:21422681

Caruso, Marco; Evola, Salvatore; Fattouch, Khalil; Bracale, Umberto M; Incalcaterra, Egle; La Franca, Eluisa; Novo, Giuseppina; Andolina, Giuseppe; Novo, Salvatore

2011-01-01

376

A rare case of left main coronary stenosis and neutropenia treated with G-CSF prior to CABG.  

PubMed

A 70-year-old male known with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) was admitted with effort angina and fever, which developed into unstable angina. On coronary angiography a critical stenosis of the left main coronary artery and 75% stenosis of the right coronary artery were found. On complete blood count the number of leukocytes was 1600/µl. We administered granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) twice daily to increase the number of leucocytes. After two days the number of leukocytes had increased to 8700/µl. The patient was admitted to the operating room and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting was performed successfully. PMID:21113895

Cavolli, R; Uymaz, B; Memishaj, S; Kaja, K; Ozerdem, G

2010-12-01

377

Rare vascular perforation complicating radial approach to percutaneous coronary angioplasty  

PubMed Central

A transradial arterial approach to coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention has become increasingly embraced by cardiologists as it is associated with decreased vascular complications and allows early mobilisation of patients when compared with transfemoral arterial access. Major vascular complication post-transradial access is uncommon. We describe a very rare case of perforation of the costocervical trunk (a branch of the right subclavian artery at the site of the thoracic inlet) presenting shortly after percutaneous transradial coronary intervention. The resulting rapidly expanding cervical haematoma caused airway compromise necessitating emergent intubation in the catheter laboratory recovery area. Transfemoral catheter coil embolisation of the feeder artery was successful in obliterating blood flow to the perforated vessel with eventual resolution of the neck haematoma. PMID:23362057

Farooqi, Fahad; Alexander, John; Sarma, Aditya

2013-01-01

378

Comparing radial and femoral access for coronary angiography and interventions.  

PubMed

Cardiac catheterization and coronary intervention via the radial approach is increasingly adopted as the preferred vascular access to avoid transfemoral vascular complications. Recent clinical trials have confirmed that radial access reduces vascular complications and local bleeding with similar procedural efficacy. Transradial access has inherent technical challenges, including smaller vessel size of the radial artery, arterial spasm and tortuosity involving the radial and subclavian arteries, which may undermine the procedural success of this approach. A number of strategies have been reported to minimize complications of radial access, including the use of hydrophilic introducer sheaths and smaller sheath sizes, administration of nitroglycerin and unfractionated heparin during the procedure, patent hemostasis of the radial artery and careful patient selection. Operators experienced in transradial percutaneous coronary intervention can achieve comparable clinical outcomes to the transfemoral approach and minimize vascular complications. Radial artery access is likely to become widely accepted as the preferred percutaneous coronary intervention approach. PMID:24236557

Hsieh, Victar; Jolly, Sanjit

2013-03-01

379

Coronary flow reserve in angiographically normal coronary arteries with one-vessel coronary artery disease without traditional risk factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims Reduced coronary flow reserve has been reported in patients with traditional risk factors, in particular hyper- lipidaemia, despite angiographically normal coronary arteries. However, it is recognized that traditional risk factors do not explain the presence of coronary athero- sclerosis in a large proportion of patients. The aim of this study was to assess whether coronary flow reserve is pre-

M. Fujiwara; T. Tamura; K. Yoshida; K. Nakagawa; M. Nakao; M. Yamanouchi; N. Shikama; T. Himi; Y. Masuda

2001-01-01

380

The Coronary Patient in Industry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The coronary patient, as he pertains to industry particularly NASA, is discussed. Concepts of precoronary care, acute attacks which may develop while on the job, and the return of the cardiac patient to work are covered. Major emphasis was on the prevention of sudden death due to coronary disease.

Schuster, B.

1971-01-01

381

A new technology for revascularization of cerebral embolism using liquid jet impact  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Revascularization time is the dominant factor in the treatment of acute cerebral embolism. In this paper we describe a rapid revascularization therapy using liquid jets generated by the interaction of gas bubbles with shock waves, which impact on the thrombi. The interaction of a shock wave with a gas bubble attached to an artificial thrombus which was inserted into a tube model of a cerebral artery was investigated. The shock wave was generated by detonating a microexplosive pellet. The overpressure of the shock wave was (n = 7) and (n = 3). The initial air bubble radii were varied from 0.87 mm to 2.18 mm. The subsequent collapse of the bubble was photographed using a high-speed framing camera, and the liquid jet penetrating into the artificial thrombus was visualized using x-ray photography. The penetration depth of the liquid jet increased with increasing bubble size. There was an optimal separation distance between the bubble and the shock wave source to obtain the maximum penetration depth. Liquid jets have the potential to penetrate through thrombi in as little as a few microseconds, and with very efficient ablation.

Kodama, Tetsuya; Takayama, Kazuyoshi; Uenohara, Hiroshi

1997-12-01

382

Revascularization of swine renal artery stenosis improves renal function but not the changes in vascular structure  

PubMed Central

Renal revascularization with percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty improves blood pressure and stenotic-kidney function in selected groups of patients, but the reversibility of intra-renal and microvascular remodeling remains unknown. This study tested the hypothesis that renal angioplasty improves the function and structure of the renal microcirculation in experimental chronic renal artery stenosis. Stenotic kidney function, hemodynamics and endothelial function were assessed in-vivo in pigs after a 10-weeks sham-treated unilateral renal artery stenosis, similar stenosis that underwent angioplasty and stenting 4 weeks earlier, or sham operated animals. Renal microvascular remodeling, angiogenic pathways, and fibrosis were investigated ex-vivo. Renal angioplasty decreased blood pressure, improved glomerular filtration rate and microvascular endothelial function, promoted the expression of angiogenic factors, and decreased renal apoptosis induced by renal artery stenosis. However, the spatial density of renal microvessels was partially improved after angioplasty, and renal blood flow was incompletely restored compared to sham-treated kidneys, as was interstitial fibrosis. Renal microvascular media-to-lumen ratio remained unchanged by angioplasty. The current study shows that revascularization of renal artery stenosis restores glomerular filtration rate and renal endothelial function four weeks later, while renal hemodynamics and structure are incompletely restored. PMID:20463652

Favreau, Frederic D.; Zhu, Xiang-Yang; Krier, James D.; Lin, Jing; Textor, Stephen C.; Lerman, Lilach O.

2010-01-01

383

Intraoperative blood flow analysis of direct revascularization procedures in patients with moyamoya disease  

PubMed Central

Moyamoya disease is characterized by the progressive stenosis and often occlusion of the terminal internal carotid arteries, which leads to ischemic and hemorrhagic injuries. The etiology is unknown and surgical revascularization remains the mainstay treatment. We analyzed various hemodynamic factors in 292 patients with moyamoya disease, representing 496 revascularization procedures, including vessel dimension and intraoperative blood flow, using a perivascular ultrasonic flowprobe. Mean middle cerebral artery (MCA) flow rate was 4.4±0.26?mL/min. After superficial temporal artery (STA)–MCA bypass surgery, flows at the microanastomosis were increased fivefold to a mean of 22.2±0.8?mL/min. The MCA flows were significantly lower in the pediatric (16.2±1.3?mL/min) compared with the adult (23.9±1.0?mL/min; P<0.0001) population. Increased local flow rates were associated with clinical improvement. Permanent postoperative complications were low (<5%), but very high postanastomosis MCA flow was associated with postoperative stroke (31.2±6.8?mL/min; P=0.045), hemorrhage (32.1±10.2?mL/min; P=0.045), and transient neurologic deficits (28.6±5.6?mL/min; P=0.047) compared with controls. Other flow and vessel dimension data are presented to elucidate the hemodynamic changes related to the vasculopathy and subsequent to surgical intervention. PMID:20588321

Lee, Marco; Guzman, Raphael; Bell-Stephens, Teresa; Steinberg, Gary K

2011-01-01

384

Effects of VEGF and FGF2 on the revascularization of severed human dental pulps.  

PubMed

The long-term outcome of replanted avulsed permanent teeth is frequently compromised by lack of revascularization, resulting in pulp necrosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) on the revascularization of severed human dental pulps. Tooth slices were prepared from non-carious human molars and treated with 0-50 ng/mL rhVEGF(165) or rhFGF-2 for 7 days in vitro. Both angiogenic factors enhanced pulp microvessel density compared with untreated controls (p < 0.05). Tooth slices were also treated with 0 or 50 ng/mL rhVEGF(165) for one hour prior to implantation into the subcutaneous space of immunodeficient mice. Treatment with rhVEGF(165) increased pulp microvessel density in vivo (p < 0.05). These results demonstrate that rhVEGF(165) enhanced neovascularization of severed human dental pulps and suggest that topical application of an angiogenic factor prior to replantation might be beneficial for the treatment of avulsed teeth. PMID:19029083

Mullane, E M; Dong, Z; Sedgley, C M; Hu, J C-C; Botero, T M; Holland, G R; Nör, J E

2008-12-01

385

Successful Concepts  

Cancer.gov

Successful Concepts Study Rationale Condition to be studied is common and of great enough severity in the proposed study population to justify an intervention Focus background rationale on mechanism(s) likely to be relevant Is Intervention likely

386

Two-year clinical outcomes after coronary drug-eluting stent placement in Chinese men and women: a multicenter, prospective registry study  

PubMed Central

Background Previous studies have reported a discrepancy in baseline characteristics and outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention between men and women. However, this finding has never been verified in the Chinese population. The present study analyzed two-year clinical outcomes after placement of coronary drug-eluting stents in Chinese men and women. Methods From January 2005 to December 2010, a total of 3804 Chinese patients (2776 men, 1028 women) who underwent drug-eluting stent implantation were studied prospectively. The primary endpoint was the composite major adverse cardiac event (MACE) rate, including myocardial infarction, cardiac death, and target vessel revascularization at two years. Stent thrombosis served as the safety endpoint. Propensity score matching was used to compare the adjusted MACE rate between the two groups. Results At two-year follow-up, unadjusted rates of myocardial infarction, non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, and MACE were significantly different between men (6.84%, 4.6%, 13.1%, and 21.7%, respectively) and women (3.8% [P = 0.001], 2.0% [P < 0.001] 10.3% [P = 0.025], and 16.3% [P < 0.001], respectively). After propensity score matching, there were no significant differences in composite MACE and individual endpoints at two years between the genders. Conclusion Despite all the unfavorable risk factor clustering in women and complex coronary disease in men, the two-year clinical outcomes after coronary stent placement were comparable between Chinese women and men. PMID:23874087

Shrestha, Rajiv; Gami, Sandeep; Xu, Jing; Xie, Du-Jiang; Liu, Zhi-Zhong; Xu, Tian; Ye, Fei; Din, Shi-Qing; Qian, Xue-Song; Yang, Song; Liu, Yue-Qiang; Li, Feng; Zhang, Ai-Ping; Chen, Shao-Liang

2013-01-01

387

Coronary Heart Disease, Hypertension, Stroke, and  

E-print Network

Coronary Heart Disease, Hypertension, Stroke, and Diabetes #12;Coronary Heart Disease: Overview by atherosclerosis ­ Narrowing of coronary arteries, the vessels that supply the heart · Disease process: coronary and arms Myocardial infarction - heart attack, ischemia - local blood supply decreased resulting in cell

Meagher, Mary

388

Association between UCP2 A55V polymorphism and risk of cardiovascular events in patients with multi-vessel coronary arterial disease  

PubMed Central

Background UCP2 (uncoupling protein 2) plays an important role in cardiovascular diseases and recent studies have suggested that the A55V polymorphism can cause UCP2 dysfunction. The main aim was to investigate the association of A55V polymorphism with cardiovascular events in a group of 611 patients enrolled in the Medical, Angioplasty or Surgery Study II (MASS II), a randomized trial comparing treatments for patients with coronary artery disease and preserved left ventricular function. Methods The participants of the MASS II were genotyped for the A55V polymorphism using allele-specific PCR assay. Survival curves were calculated with the Kaplan–Meier method and evaluated with the log-rank statistic. The relationship between baseline variables and the composite end-point of cardiac death, acute myocardial infarction (AMI), refractory angina requiring revascularization and cerebrovascular accident were assessed using a Cox proportional hazards survival model. Results There were no significant differences for baseline variables according genotypes. After 2 years of follow-up, dysglycemic patients harboring the VV genotype had higher occurrence of AMI (p=0.026), Death+AMI (p=0.033), new revascularization intervention (p=0.009) and combined events (p=0.037) as compared with patients carrying other genotypes. This association was not evident in normoglycemic patients. Conclusions These findings support the hypothesis that A55V polymorphism is associated with UCP2 functional alterations that increase the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with previous coronary artery disease and dysglycemia. PMID:23537071

2013-01-01

389

Optical coherence tomography-guided bifurcation stenting of a coronary artery dissection.  

PubMed

Periprocedural guide wire-induced coronary artery dissection is a rare but potentially serious complication of percutaneous coronary intervention. Immediate stenting of the entry point is one of the therapeutic options but engaging the guide wire in the true lumen might be challenging. We report a case of a 55-year-old woman with a guide wire-induced coronary dissection that occurred during treatment of a bifurcation lesion. Optical coherence tomography was instrumental in distinguishing true from false lumen and thereby guide correct positioning of the guide wire to successfully treat the lesion using a dedicated bifurcation stent. PMID:24975190

van Ditzhuijzen, Nienke S; Ligthart, Jurgen; Tu, Shengxian; van der Linden, Marc; Regar, Evelyn

2014-08-01

390

Concomitant complete atrioventricular block and left main coronary artery occlusion during transcatheter aortic valve implantation.  

PubMed

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is now considered a viable alternative therapy to surgery in patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis, considered to have a high risk for surgery. Herein, we present a case of severe aortic stenosis treated with transfemoral aortic valve implantation and complicated by complete atrioventrciular block and left main coronary artery obstruction that was successfully managed with permanent pacemaker implantation and left main coronary artery stenting. Although less invasive, TAVI can be associated with major complications. Therefore, extra care is required when performing TAVI in patients with borderline valve to coronary ostia distance. PMID:23619197

Gökdeniz, Tayyar; Aykan, Ahmet Ça?r?; A?aç, Mustafa Tar?k; Da?delen, Sinan; Çelik, ?ükrü

2013-12-01

391

[The bioresorbable coronary scaffold].  

PubMed

The routine placement of permanent metal stents has led to an improvement of the long-term and short-term effects of percutaneous coronary interventions. Treatment with the newest generation of drug-eluting stents results in a low risk of restenosis. The antiproliferative drug eluted by these stents, however, prevents endothelialisation; this leads to an increased risk of exposed metallic stent parts, which in turn leads to a higher risk of stent thrombosis. There is evidence that the vessel wall support provided by the stent is only a temporary requirement. Permanent metallic stents could, therefore, be superfluous in the long term. A bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS), manufactured from polylactic acid and completely resorbed within 18-24 months, is a new alternative. It is expected that these scaffolds will lead to the disappearance of the risk of late stent thrombosis. Theoretically, the bioresorbable vascular scaffold also provides a considerable advantage for patients who will probably have to undergo further coronary intervention in the future. Metal stents can be an important limiting factor for these patients. PMID:22951133

Hassell, Mariëlla E C J; van de Hoef, Tim P; Damman, Peter; Delewi, Ronak; Serruys, Patrick W; Piek, Jan J

2012-01-01

392

[Coronary microvascular dysfunction. An update].  

PubMed

Several studies in the last years have shown that a dysfunction of coronary microcirculation may be responsible for abnormalities in coronary blood flow and some clinical pictures. Coronary microvascular dysfunction, in absence of other coronary artery abnormalities, can cause anginal symptoms, resulting in a condition named microvascular angina (MVA). MVA can occur in a chronic form, predominantly related to effort (stable MVA), more frequently referred as cardiac syndrome X, or in an acute form, most frequently ensuing at rest, which simulates an acute coronary syndrome (unstable MVA). The main abnormalities characterizing these two forms of MVA consist of an impaired vasodilation and an increased vasoconstriction of small resistive coronary arteries, respectively. The mechanisms responsible for stable MVA are still unclear, but seem to include, together with the known traditional cardiovascular risk factors, an abnormally increased cardiac adrenergic activity. The prognosis of stable MVA is good, but some patients have progressive worsening of symptoms. Clinical outcome of patients with unstable MVA is substantially unknown, as there are no specific studies about this population. Treatment of stable MVA includes traditional anti-ischemic drugs as first step; in case of persisting symptoms several other drugs have been proposed, including xanthine derivatives, ACE-inhibitors, statins and, in women, estrogens. Severe forms of intense constriction (or spasm) of small coronary arteries may cause transmural myocardial ischemia, as the microvascular form of variant angina and the tako-tsubo syndrome. PMID:21947187

Lamendola, Priscilla; Di Franco, Antonino; Tarzia, Pierpaolo; Milo, Maria; Laurito, Marianna; Lanza, Gaetano A

2011-09-01

393

Operation Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Operation Success is an innovative approach to dealing with potential dropout/high-risk students. The program operates out of the Center for Arts and Technology-Pickering Campus in Northern Chester County, Pennsylvania. The campus offers the students a full-day program, half academic, half vocational. The building of self-esteem and…

Lang, Susan; Teifel, Phyllis

394

Investigation Route of the Coronary Patient in the Public Health System in Curitiba, São Paulo and in Incor - IMPACT Study  

PubMed Central

Background: The investigation of stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and its treatment depend on risk stratification for decision-making on the need for cardiac catheterization and revascularization. Objective: To analyze the procedures used in the diagnosis and invasive treatment of patients with CAD, at the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) in the cities of Curitiba, São Paulo and at InCor-FMUSP. Methods: Retrospective, descriptive, observational study of the diagnostic and therapeutic itineraries of the Brazilian public health care system patient, between groups submitted or not to prior noninvasive tests to invasive cardiac catheterization. Stress testing, stress echocardiography, perfusion scintigraphy, catheterization and percutaneous or surgical revascularization treatment procedures were quantified and the economic impact of the used strategies. Results: There are significant differences in the assessment of patients with suspected or known CAD in the metropolitan region in the three scenarios. Although functional testing procedures are most often used the direct costs of these procedures differ significantly (6.1% in Curitiba, 20% in São Paulo and 27% in InCor-FMUSP). Costs related to the procedures and invasive treatments represent 59.7% of the direct costs of SUS in São Paulo and 87.2% in Curitiba. In InCor-FMUSP, only 24.3% of patients with stable CAD submitted to CABG underwent a noninvasive test before the procedure. Conclusion: Although noninvasive functional tests are the ones most often requested for the assessment of patients with suspected or known CAD most of the costs are related to invasive procedures/treatments. In most revascularized patients, the documentation of ischemic burden was not performed by SUS. PMID:25076179

Cerci, Juliano J.; Trindade, Evelinda; Preto, Daniel; Cerci, Rodrigo Julio; Lemos, Pedro A.; Cesar, Luiz Antonio Machado; Preto, Luís; Stinghen, Luiz; Martinez, Cátia; Meneghetti, José Claudio

2014-01-01

395

Venous shunting as a complication to penile revascularization--a case report.  

PubMed

As a serious complication to arterial penile revascularisation arterio-venous shunting was observed in a 60 years old male. The patient suffered bilateral obstruction of his pudendal arteries. Following revascularization using the left inferior epigastric artery he obtained good pulsation in the penis but no return of sexual function. Instead his general condition deteriorated. A follow-up angiogram revealed shunting of the contrast from the epigastric artery, via the penis, to the venous system. Venous ligation was carried out. The patient's general condition returned to normal status and he can now obtain rigid erections. Reconstructive arterial surgery for erectile dysfunction should never be carried out unless venous leak has been ruled out as a complicating factor. PMID:7939445

Ekman, P; Takolander, R; Kalin, B

1994-01-01

396

Characteristics, Management, and In-Hospital Outcomes of Diabetic Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome in the United Arab Emirates  

PubMed Central

We describe the baseline characteristics, management, and in-hospital outcomes of patients in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) with DM admitted with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and assess the influence of DM on in-hospital mortality. Data was analyzed from 1697 patients admitted to various hospitals in the UAE with a diagnosis of ACS in 2007 as part of the 1st Gulf RACE (Registry of Acute Coronary Events). Of 1697 patients enrolled, 668 (39.4%) were diabetics. Compared to patients without DM, diabetic patients were more likely to have a past history of coronary artery disease (49.1% versus 30.1%, P < 0.001), hypertension (67.2% versus 36%, P < 0.001), and prior revascularization (21% versus 11.4%, P < 0.001). They experienced more in-hospital recurrent ischemia (8.5% versus 5.1%; P = 0.004) and heart failure (20% versus 10%; P < 0.001). The mortality rate was 2.7% for diabetics and 1.6% for nondiabetics (P = 0.105). After age adjustment, in-hospital mortality increased by 3.5% per year of age (P = 0.016). This mortality was significantly higher in females than in males (P = 0.04). ACS patients with DM have different clinical characteristics and appear to have poorer outcomes. PMID:22778703

Shehab, Abdulla; Al-Dabbagh, Bayan; Almahmeed, Wael; Bustani, Nazar; Agrawal, Amrish; Yusufali, Afzal; Wassef, Adel; Alnaeemi, Abdulla; Alsheikh-Ali, Alawi A.

2012-01-01

397

Clinical Presentation, Management and Outcome of Acute Coronary Syndrome in Yemen: Data from GULF RACE - 2 Registry  

PubMed Central

Background: Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) is increasing in Yemen in recent years and there are no data available on its short and long-term outcome. We evaluated the clinical pictures, management, in-hospital, and long-term outcomes of the ACS patients in Yemen. Design and Setting: A 9-month prospective, multi-center study conducted in 26 hospitals from 9 governorates. The study included 30-day and 1-year mortality follow-up. Patients and Methods: One thousand seven hundred and sixty one patients with ACS were collected prospectively during the 9-month period. Patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS), including non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction and unstable angina were included. Conclusions: ACS patients in Yemen present at a relatively young age with high prevalence of Smoking, khat chewing and hypertension. STEMI patients present late, and their acute management is poor. In-hospital evidence-based medication rates are high, but coronary revascularization procedures were very low. In-hospital mortality was high and long-term mortality rates increased two folds compared with the in-hospital mortality. PMID:24695681

Ahmed, Al-Motarreb; Abdulwahab, Al-Matry; Hesham, Al-Fakih; Nawar, Wather

2013-01-01

398

Neurological complications during myocardial revascularization using warm-body, cold-heart surgery.  

PubMed

Does the use of warm-body perfusion in elderly patients with severe cerebrovascular disease lead to a higher incidence of stroke, due to hypotension secondary to low systemic vascular resistance? Two thousand, three hundred eighty-three (2,383) consecutive myocardial revascularizations were performed (1987-1992) using warm-body (perfusion 37 degrees C), cold-heart surgery (cold cardioplegic arrest). The perfusion pressure was maintained between 50-70 torr; hematocrit was kept around 20%. Prospective data during hospitalization revealed 23 operative deaths (1%), and 24 patients (1%) who developed new neurological signs after surgery. The latter formed three groups: Group I consisted of six patients with severe neurological deficits, who never regained consciousness and died after support systems withdrawal. Group II included 14 patients with postoperative clinical evidence of focal cerebral infarction (9 had hemiplegia, 2 had visual disturbance, and 3 showed alteration of memory), all of whom had residual defects at discharge; Group III was composed of four patients with minor neurological deficits after surgery (hemiparesis, gait disturbance, mental changes) which had cleared up by discharge. These data were compared retrospectively with 1605 patients (1980-1986) undergoing myocardial revascularization with moderate (25-30 degrees C) hypothermia and the same surgical team and operative techniques. Both groups had similar preoperative demographics except the warm group included more elderly patients, higher numbers with unstable angina and poor ejection fraction, and more frequent use of a mammary artery conduit. Neurological complications were 1% and 1.3% for the normothermic and hypothermic perfusion groups respectively. Incremental risk factors of stroke remain: age over 70 years, diffuse atherosclerosis of the aorta, carotid occlusive disease, and severe hypotension during perfusion.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:8043289

Singh, A K; Bert, A A; Feng, W C

1994-01-01

399

Invited Review: “Percutaneous revascularization for ischemic nephropathy: Past, Present and Future”  

PubMed Central

Occlusion of the renal arteries can threaten the viability of the kidney when severe, in addition to accelerating hypertension and circulatory congestion. Renal artery stenting procedures have evolved from a treatment mainly for renovascular hypertension to a maneuver capable of recovering threatened renal function in patients with “ischemic nephropathy” and improving management of congestive heart failure. Improved catheter design and techniques have reduced, but not eliminated hazards associated with renovascular stenting. Expanded use of endovascular stent grafts to treat abdominal aortic aneurysms has introduced a new indication for renal artery stenting to protect the renal circulation when grafts cross the origins of the renal arteries. Although controversial, prospective randomized trials to evaluate the added benefit of revascularization to current medical therapy for atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis until now have failed to identify major benefits regarding either renal function or blood pressure control. These studies have been limited by selection bias and have been harshly criticized. While studies of tissue oxygenation using blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) MR establish that kidneys can adapt to reduced blood flow to some degree, more severe occlusive disease leads to cortical hypoxia associated with microvascular rarefication, inflammatory injury and fibrosis. Current research is directed toward identifying pathways of irreversible kidney injury due to vascular occlusion and to increase the potential for renal repair after restoring renal artery patency. The role of nephrologists likely will focus upon recognizing the limits of renal adaptation to vascular disease and identifying kidneys truly at risk for ischemic injury at a time point when renal revascularization can still be of benefit to recovering kidney function. PMID:23151953

Textor, Stephen C.; Misra, Sanjay; Oderich, Gustavo

2012-01-01

400

Invasive Human Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Feasibility During Revascularization in a Combined XMR Suite  

PubMed Central

We tested the feasibility and safety of invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during peripheral angioplasty. Real-time MRI can image soft tissue and may potentially guide therapeutic procedures without ionizing radiation or nephrotoxic contrast. MRI-guided diagnostic catheterization has been described recently, but safe and conspicuous catheter devices are not widely available. An active guidewire, which serves as an MRI receiver antenna, might be useful to guide catheterization or even to image atheroma. We describe a combined interventional suite offering both X-ray fluoroscopy and real-time MRI. We used a 0.030? active guidewire receiver coil for invasive MRI after X-ray lesion traversal in patients undergoing percutaneous iliofemoral artery revascularization. Intra-vascular MRI was compared with noninvasive MRI, X-ray angiography, and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). Seven eligible patients consented to participate, but three were excluded because of lengthy revascularization procedures. Four remaining patients safely underwent combined X-ray fluoroscopy and real-time magnetic resonance imaging (XMR) transport, continuous monitoring, and all imaging modalities. There was no device dislodgment, contamination or evidence of heating. The intravascular MRI coil was well visualized except at the tip, but did not provide superior mural imaging compared with IVUS. Therefore, because an adequate safety and workflow experience was obtained, enrollment was terminated after only four subjects. Invasive MRI is feasible and apparently safe during peripheral angioplasty. Patients can safely be transported and monitored in an XMR interventional suite. An active quarter-wavelength guidewire coil does not provide superior imaging compared with IVUS, but provides satisfactory guide-wire visualization. These tools may prove useful for advanced therapeutic procedures in the future. PMID:15736247

Dick, Alexander J.; Raman, Venkatesh K.; Raval, Amish N.; Guttman, Michael A.; Thompson, Richard B.; Ozturk, Cengizhan; Peters, Dana C.; Stine, Annette M.; Wright, Victor J.; Schenke, William H.; Lederman, Robert J.

2005-01-01

401

Meta-analysis of patients taking statins before revascularization and aortic valve surgery.  

PubMed

Statin intake before cardiac surgery is associated with favorable outcomes. We sought to analyze the evidence for statin pretreatment before isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery and aortic valve replacement surgery. In this meta-analysis, we demonstrate beneficial results for the endpoints mortality, stroke, atrial fibrillation, and length of stay in hospital in 36,053 statin-pretreated coronary artery bypass graft surgery patients compared with control subjects retrieved from 32 studies, but fail to detect relevant advantages through preoperative statin therapy for 3,091 patients undergoing aortic valve replacement from four trials. Strict adherence to guidelines recommending statin treatment before CABG surgery is therefore mandatory. PMID:23993896

Kuhn, Elmar W; Liakopoulos, Oliver J; Stange, Sebastian; Deppe, Antje-Christin; Slottosch, Ingo; Scherner, Maximilian; Choi, Yeong-Hoon; Wahlers, Thorsten

2013-10-01

402

Prognostic Value of VEGF in Patients Submitted to Percutaneous Coronary Intervention  

PubMed Central

We examined the longitudinal changes of VEGF levels after percutaneous coronary intervention for predicting major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. VEGF was measured in 94 CAD patients' serum before revascularization, 1-month and 1-year after. Independently of clinical presentation, patients had lower VEGF concentration than a cohort of healthy subjects (median, IQ: 15.9, 9.0–264?pg/mL versus 419, 212–758?pg/mL; P < 0.001) at baseline. VEGF increased to 1-month (median, IQ: 276, 167–498?pg/mL; P < 0.001) and remained steady to 1-year (median, IQ: 320, 173–497?pg/mL; P < 0.001) approaching control levels. Drug eluting stent apposition and previous medication intake produced a less steep VEGF evolution after intervention (P < 0.05). Baseline VEGF concentration <40.8?pg/mL conveyed increased risk for MACE in a 5-year follow-up. Results reflect a positive role of VEGF in recovery and support its importance in CAD prognosis. PMID:25110384

Napoleão, Patrícia; Selas, Mafalda; Freixo, Cláudia; Viegas Crespo, Ana Maria; Mota Carmo, Miguel; Cruz Ferreira, Rui

2014-01-01

403

Coronary blood flow during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in swine  

SciTech Connect

Recent papers have raised doubt as to the magnitude of coronary blood flow during closed-chest cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We will describe experiments that concern the methods of coronary flow measurement during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Nine anesthetized swine were instrumented to allow simultaneous measurements of coronary blood flow by both electromagnetic cuff flow probes and by the radiomicrosphere technique. Cardiac arrest was caused by electrical fibrillation and closed-chest massage was performed by a Thumper (Dixie Medical Inc., Houston). The chest was compressed transversely at a rate of 66 strokes/min. Compression occupied one-half of the massage cycle. Three different Thumper piston strokes were studied: 1.5, 2, and 2.5 inches. Mean aortic pressure and total systemic blood flow measured by the radiomicrosphere technique increased as Thumper piston stroke was lengthened (mean +/- SD): 1.5 inch stroke, 23 +/- 4 mm Hg, 525 +/- 195 ml/min; 2 inch stroke, 33 +/- 5 mm Hg, 692 +/- 202 ml/min; 2.5 inch stroke, 40 +/- 6 mm Hg, 817 +/- 321 ml/min. Both methods of coronary flow measurement (electromagnetic (EMF) and radiomicrosphere (RMS)) gave similar results in technically successful preparations (data expressed as percent prearrest flow mean +/- 1 SD): 1.5 inch stroke, EMF 12 +/- 5%, RMS 16 +/- 5%; 2 inch stroke, EMF 30 +/- 6%, RMS 26 +/- 11%; 2.5 inch stroke, EMF 50 +/- 12%, RMS 40 +/- 20%. The phasic coronary flow signal during closed-chest compression indicated that all perfusion occurred during the relaxation phase of the massage cycle. We concluded that coronary blood flow is demonstrable during closed-chest massage, but that the magnitude is unlikely to be more than a fraction of normal.

Bellamy, R.F.; DeGuzman, L.R.; Pedersen, D.C.

1984-01-01

404

Pathogenesis of acute coronary syndromes.  

PubMed

Experimental models of atherogenesis have provided a growing body of information about molecular mechanisms of plaque growth; however, transition from coronary stability to instability is less well understood due to the lack of animal models reflective of human disease. The abrupt clinical presentation of acute coronary syndromes gives a strong signal of discontinuity in the natural history of atherothrombosis. The causes of such discontinuity are complex, probably multiple, and still largely unknown. A better knowledge of the causes of coronary instability might allow identification of new therapeutic targets aimed at the preservation of plaque stability in those subjects in whom primary prevention fails to prevent plaque growth. The goal of this review was to propose a pathogenetic classification of acute coronary syndromes that might help in the search of new diagnostic algorithms and therapeutic targets. PMID:23158526

Crea, Filippo; Liuzzo, Giovanna

2013-01-01

405

Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... minimally invasive procedure to open up blocked coronary arteries, allowing blood to circulate unobstructed to the heart ... area and putting a needle into the femoral artery, the blood vessel that runs down the leg. ...

406

The link between vasculogenic erectile dysfunction, coronary artery disease, and peripheral artery disease: role of metabolic factors and endovascular therapy.  

PubMed

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is estimated to affect 150 million people worldwide and may indicate diffuse systemic macrovascular disease. Endothelial dysfunction represents the probable pathophysiological link between vasculogenic ED, coronary artery disease (CAD), and peripheral artery disease (PAD), and the artery size hypothesis along with evidence-based research support ED as the incident clinical event. Given that many common risk factors for atherosclerosis, including smoking, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, and obesity are prevalent and causative in patients with ED, it is likely that metabolic factors play a crucial role in the link between the two disorders. The interplay of these factors provides a unifying physiological, endocrinological, and behavioral model for the association between ED, CAD, and PAD. Current therapy is unlikely to reverse the natural history of ED. Percutaneous revascularization may improve ED symptoms, and thereby quality of life, in a select group of patients. Large prospective studies are needed to define male pelvic arterial anatomy and thus enhance the utilization of internal pudendal angiography and revascularization. In this review, we provide an overview of normal erectile anatomy and physiology, the pathophysiology of ED, currently accepted diagnostic imaging modalities and treatments for ED, and recently investigated endovascular therapies for ED. PMID:23735361

Meller, Stephanie M; Stilp, Erik; Walker, Charles N; Mena-Hurtado, Carlos

2013-06-01

407

Everolimus-Eluting versus Paclitaxel-Eluting Stents in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Meta-Analysis of Randomized Trials  

PubMed Central

Background. Individual randomized trials have suggested that everolimus-eluting stents may have improved clinical outcomes compared to paclitaxel-eluting stents, but individual trials are underpowered to examine outcomes such as mortality and very late stent thrombosis. Methods. Medline, Cochrane, and conference proceedings were searched for randomized trials comparing everolimus versus paclitaxel-eluting stents for percutaneous coronary intervention. Results. 6792 patients were included from 4 randomized controlled trials. Stent thrombosis was reduced with everolimus stents versus paclitaxel stents (0.7% versus 2.3%; OR: 0.32; CI: 0.20–0.51; P < 0.00001). The reductions in stent thrombosis were observed in (i) early stent thrombosis (within 30 days) (0.2% versus 0.9%; OR: 0.24; P = 0.0005), (ii) late (day 31–365) (0.2% versus 0.6%; OR: 0.32; P = 0.01), and (iii) very late stent thrombosis (>365 days) (0.2% versus 0.8%; OR: 0.34; P = 0.009). The rates of cardiovascular mortality were 1.2% in everolimus group and 1.6% in paclitaxel group (OR: 0.85; P = 0.43). Patients receiving everolimus-eluting stents had significantly lower myocardial infarction events and target vessel revascularization as compared to paclitaxel-eluting stents. Interpretation. Everolimus compared to paclitaxel-eluting stents reduced the incidence of early, late, and very late stent thrombosis as well as target vessel revascularization. PMID:22655192

Alazzoni, Ashraf; Al-Saleh, Ayman; Jolly, Sanjit S.

2012-01-01

408

MRI of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the Western world. Whereas atherosclerosis\\u000a alone is rarely fatal, sudden luminal thrombosis precipitates life-threatening clinical events such as acute coronary syndromes\\u000a and stroke. Plaques assumed to cause luminal thrombosis are referred to as vulnerable plaques, which tend to preserve a normal\\u000a vessel lumen. Today’s clinical assessment of

Christian H. P. Jansen; Marcus R. Makowski; Andrea J. Wiethoff; René M. Botnar

2009-01-01

409

A comparison of off-pump and on-pump coronary bypass surgery in patients with low EuroSCORE  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare postoperative short-term, mid-term and long-term outcomes of coronary artery bypass surgery performed with or without cardiopulmonary bypass in patients with a low European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation score. Methods A retrospective analysis of 478 consecutive low risk patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery between January 2002 and December 2007 was performed. Of these patients, 83 cases had undergone on-pump and 395 cases had undergone off-pump coronary bypass surgery. The patients were assessed in terms peri-operative complications, survival, mortality due to cardiac events, need for rehospitalization and repeated coronary revascularization. Results There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of preoperative characteristics, except for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The number of distal anastomosis per patient was significantly lower in the off-pump group than in the on-pump group (2.66?±?0.74 vs. 3.21?±?0.85, p?revascularization during long-term follow-up was 10.1% in the off-pump group and 7.2% in the on-pump group (p?=?0.416). The 5-year survival was 95.2?±?1.1% and 95.5?±?2.7% in the off-pump and on-pump groups, respectively (p?=?0.8), whereas the 7-year survival was 91.9?±?1.6% and 84.7?±?6.8% in the off-pump and on-pump groups, respectively (p?=?0.274). The 5-year revascularization-free period was 89.5?±?1.6% and 89.7?±?3.5% in the off-pump and on-pump groups, respectively (p?=?0.785). The 7-year revascularization-free period was 71.1?±?3.1% and 73.5?±?7.3% in the off-pump and on-pump groups, respectively (p?=?0.075). The 7-year event-free survival was 80.1?±?2.2% and 73.4?±?7.3% in the off-pump and on-pump groups, respectively (p?=?0.377). Conclusions The present study demonstrated that off-pump cardiac surgery had advantages over on-pump cardiac surgery in the short term; however, both interventions had similar mid-term and long-term outcomes, when performed in low-risk patient. PMID:24942178

2014-01-01

410

Coronary computed tomography angiography in coronary artery disease  

PubMed Central

AIM: To investigate the research directions of coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) based on a systematic review of the literature. METHODS: A search of articles on coronary CT angiography in the diagnosis of CAD was performed during a 6-year-period between 2005 and 2010 from five main radiology journals namely, Radiology, American Journal of Roentgenology, European Radiology, European Journal of Radiology and British Journal of Radiology. Analysis of the references was focused on the research directions of coronary CT angiography with regard to the type of studies in terms of diagnostic value, application of dose-reduction strategies and resultant effective radiation doses with use of these techniques. RESULTS: One hundred and forty two studies were identified which met the selection criteria and were included in the analysis. 64-slice CT (single source and dual-source CT) dominated 78% of the coronary CT angiography studies. Prior to 2007, research was focused on the diagnostic value of coronary CT angiography, but since 2008 more attention has been paid to radiation dose reduction. Radiation dose was reported in 64 studies, representing 45% of total studies published in the five radiology journals. Various dose-saving strategies have been implemented and prospective electrocardiography-triggering and high pitch techniques were found to be the most effective approaches for radiation dose reduction, with the corresponding mean effective dose being 3.5 ± 1.9 mSv and 1.7 ± 0.6 mSv, respectively. CONCLUSION: This review shows that the current research in coronary CT angiography has shifted from the previous focus on diagnostic accuracy in CAD to more emphasis on radiation dose reduction. PMID:21949572

Sun, Zhonghua; Ng, Kwan-Hoong

2011-01-01

411

Outpatient coronary angioplasty: feasible and safe.  

PubMed

This study tested the safety and feasibility of coronary angioplasty on an outpatient basis. The purpose of this approach includes cost-effectiveness and patient comfort. Six hundred forty-four patients were randomized to either transradial or transfemoral PTCA using 6 Fr equipment. Patients were triaged to outpatient management based on a predefined set of predictors of an adverse outcome in the first 24 hr after initially successful coronary angioplasty. Three hundred seventy-five patients (58%) were discharged 4-6 hr after PTCA; 42% stayed in hospital overnight. In the outpatient group, one adverse event occurred (subacute stent thrombosis 7 hr postdischarge, nonfatal myocardial infarction). There were no major vascular complications. In the hospital group, 19 patients (7%) sustained an adverse cardiac even in the first 24 hr; 1 patient died. Patients treated via the femoral route had more (minor) bleeding complications (19 patients; 6%); in 17 of these, this was the sole reason that discharge was delayed. PTCA on an outpatient basis, performed via the radial or the femoral artery with low-profile equipment, is safe and feasible in a considerable part of a routine PTCA population. A larger proportion of transradial patients can be discharged due to a reduction in (minor) bleeding complications. PMID:15789393

Slagboom, Ton; Kiemeneij, Ferdinand; Laarman, Gert Jan; van der Wieken, Ron

2005-04-01

412

Acute coronary thrombosis in a patient with septic shock without any evidence of disseminated intravascular coagulation  

PubMed Central

The case report describes an interesting and unusual finding of acute coronary artery thrombosis in a patient presenting with septic shock without any clinical and laboratory evidence of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). The patient presented with leucocytosis and refractory hypotension requiring pressor support and found to have anterior and inferior ST-elevation in 12-lead electrocardiogram. Coronary angiogram revealed acute thrombotic occlusions in the proximal right coronary artery and the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery. There was no occlusive atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. The patient underwent mechanical thrombectomy. Haemodynamic parameters obtained from right heart catheterisation confirmed sepsis as the aetiology of hypotension. The patient was treated successfully with broad spectrum antibiotics, pressors and intravenous fluid. Acute myocardial infarctions as a complication secondary to disseminated intravascular coagulation in patients with sepsis and septic shock have been described in the literature. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of acute coronary artery thrombosis in patient with septic shock without DIC and without any underlying occlusive coronary artery disease. PMID:21857877

Ahmed, Imdad; Nelson, William B; Biring, Timinder S; House, Chad M; Marini, John; Dahiya, Ranjan

2009-01-01

413

Acute complications of elective coronary angioplasty: a review of 500 consecutive procedures.  

PubMed Central

In 500 consecutive procedures of elective coronary angioplasty attempted at a centre with a primary success of 86%, one or more major acute complications occurred in 34 cases (6.8%). Twenty four patients (4.8%) sustained an acute myocardial infarction (in six this was despite emergency coronary artery bypass surgery) and two patients (0.4%) had emergency coronary bypass without myocardial infarction. Ventricular fibrillation was a complication without sequelae in five (1.0%) patients; one (0.2%) patient died because of refractory ventricular fibrillation and ensuing electromechanical dissociation. "Benign" coronary artery rupture occurred in one (0.2%) patient, and one (0.2%) patient had elective coronary surgery to retrieve the tip of a fractured guide wire after an otherwise successful angioplasty. Despite a low mortality, coronary angioplasty is associated with major complications in about one of 14 procedures; the complication is usually acute myocardial infarction caused by occlusion of the vessel. Images Fig 1 Fig 2 PMID:2963656

Steffenino, G; Meier, B; Finci, L; Velebit, V; von Segesser, L; Faidutti, B; Rutishauser, W

1988-01-01

414

[Characteristics of mortality among patients waiting for coronary arteriographic evaluation or heart surgery].  

PubMed

It was the aim to reduce deaths among future patients queuing for heart catheterization or surgery. All the patients who died, after they were referred for heart catheterization or surgery because of coronary heart and heart valve disease, were registered over a three year period (July 1, 1990 to June 30, 1993). The total number of deaths was 98. Ninety-two (94%) died of cardiac disease. Seventyfour (80%) only had symptoms of cardiac disease; ten (11%) had competitive disease and eight (9%) had received revascularizing treatment previously. The number of catheterizations increased from 968 to 1312 per year, while the number of operations remained constant at about 600 per year. The death-rate for patients referred to heart catheterization was 2.5% for patients with aortic valve disease and 1.7% for patients with coronary heart disease. For patients referred for coronary artery bypass grafting the death-rate was 2.6% and for heart valve surgery 3.9%. The survival-time for patients waiting for catheterization was 4.2 months (0.3-16) and 4 months (1-16) for patients waiting for surgery. Half of the deaths in patients queuing for cardiac catheterization occurred within one month of waiting while half of the deaths in patients waiting for heart surgery appeared within 1.3 months. In the early deaths among patients queuing for cardiac catheterization there was a tendency towards prolonged doctor's delay and a surplus of patients with aortic valve disease. Deaths among patients awaiting heart catheterization or surgery can hardly be avoided. However, in the present study the death-rates for patients referred to surgery was 1.8 to 7.7 times higher compared to the conditions in other Western countries. The waiting-time was long and cardiac deaths frequent, reflecting the low capacity for invasive procedures as well as operations during this period. PMID:8686071

Mogensen, J; Bille, S; Toftegaard-Nielsen, T

1996-06-24

415

What Are Coronary Heart Disease Risk Factors?  

MedlinePLUS

... from the NHLBI on Twitter. What Are Coronary Heart Disease Risk Factors? Coronary heart disease risk factors are ... Grand Opportunity" Exome Sequencing Project 10/14/2014 Heart Disease Risk Factors 10/14/2014 All of Our ...

416

POST CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFT STUDY (CABG)  

EPA Science Inventory

Relative effectiveness of moderate versus more aggressive lipid lowering, and of low dose anticoagulation versus placebo, in delaying saphenous vein coronary bypass graft atherosclerosis and preventing occlusion of saphenous grafts of patients with saphenous vein coronary bypass ...

417

Frequency of angina pectoris and secondary events in patients with stable coronary heart disease (from the Heart and Soul Study).  

PubMed

The extent to which angina pectoris (AP) predicts secondary cardiovascular events beyond independent of measures of disease severity is unknown. We evaluated the association between AP frequency and secondary events in patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD). We administered the Seattle Angina Questionnaire to 1,023 participants with stable CHD enrolled from September 2000 to December 2002 and followed for a median of 8.9 years. We used Cox proportional hazards to evaluate the association of AP frequency with death and subsequent hospitalization for AP, revascularization, myocardial infarction (MI), or heart failure. At enrollment, 633 (62%) participants reported no AP, 279 (27%) reported monthly AP, and 111 (11%) reported daily or weekly AP. During follow-up, 396 participants died, 204 were hospitalized for AP, 194 for revascularization, 140 for MI, and 188 for heart failure. Compared with participants without AP, participants with daily or weekly AP were more likely to be hospitalized for AP (hazard ratio [HR] 3.3; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.3 to 4.7; p<0.001), revascularization (HR 2.0; 95% CI 1.3 to 2.9; p=0.001), or heart failure (HR 1.6; 95% CI 1.0 to 2.5; p=0.03) and more likely to die (HR 1.5; 95% CI 1.1 to 2.0; p=0.01). AP was not independently associated with MI (HR 1.3; 95% CI 0.8 to 2.3; p=0.29). After adjusting for demographics, co-morbidities, treadmill exercise capacity, ejection fraction, and inducible ischemia, frequency of AP remained independently associated with hospitalization for AP (HR 2.4; 95% CI 1.6 to 3.6; p<0.001), revascularization (HR 1.7; 95% CI 1.1 to 2.7; p=0.02), and death (HR 1.4; 95% CI 1.0 to 2.0; p=0.045). In conclusion, in outpatients with stable CHD, AP frequency predicts higher rates of secondary cardiovascular events and death, independent of objective measures of disease severity. PMID:25110069

Beatty, Alexis L; Spertus, John A; Whooley, Mary A