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1

Coronary artery calcification as a new predictor of non-target lesion revascularization during the chronic phase after successful percutaneous coronary intervention.  

PubMed

In the drug-eluting stent era, the outcome of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has remarkably improved. Nevertheless, non-target lesion revascularization (non-TLR) is often performed even after successful PCI and optimized medical therapy. This study aimed to determine the predictor of non-TLR. In all, 125 consecutive patients with stable angina pectoris underwent intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided PCI and were followed up for 3.3 ± 0.5 years. We performed oral glucose-tolerance tests in patients with no history of known diabetes mellitus (DM) to investigate glucose tolerance. To evaluate the severity of coronary artery calcification (CAC), we calculated CAC score by multiplying the arc (degree) with the length (mm) of the superficial calcium deposit detected by IVUS. Fourteen patients underwent non-TLR (non-TLR group); the remaining 111 did not (reference group). Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c; %) and prevalence of known DM were similar in both groups, but the non-TLR group had higher fasting blood glucose (103 ± 16 vs. 94 ± 11 mg/dl, p = 0.04) and blood glucose (196 ± 60 vs. 149 ± 48 ?U/ml, p = 0.01) and insulin at 2 h (184 ± 241 vs. 67 ± 49 ?U/ml, p < 0.01) than did the reference group. CAC score was significantly higher in the non-TLR group (788 ± 585 vs. 403 ± 466, p = 0.01). Multiple logistic analysis indicated that CAC score is an independent predictor of non-TLR (p = 0.008). Non-TLR-free rate was significantly higher for patients with CAC score ?400 than for those with CAC score <400 (p = 0.01). Non-TLR is associated with abnormal glucose tolerance and CAC score; CAC score is an independent predictor of non-TLR. Secondary prevention is especially important in patients with high CAC scores. PMID:24906449

Honda, Yohsuke; Toyama, Takuji; Miyaishi, Yusuke; Kan, Hakuken; Kawaguchi, Ren; Adachi, Hitoshi; Hoshizaki, Hiroshi; Oshima, Shigeru

2014-10-01

2

Current status of robotically assisted coronary revascularization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the current status of totally endoscopic coronary revascularization using telemanipulation systems for robotic assistance. Current challenges in implementing a robotic surgical program are discussed, and application of the technology in both arrested and beating heart procedures is considered.

Gerhard Wimmer-Greinecker; Heinz Deschka; Tayfun Aybek; Stefan Mierdl; Anton Moritz; Selami Dogan

2004-01-01

3

Contemporary practice of coronary revascularization in U.S. hospitals and hospitals participating in the bypass angioplasty revascularization investigation (BARI)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. To assess generalizability of the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation (BARI), we conducted a separate study comparing revascularization in U.S. and BARI hospitals.Background. The BARI trial is a multicenter investigation comparing initial revascularization with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and coronary bypass graft surgery in patients with symptomatic multivessel coronary disease.Methods. All revascularization procedures during 5 consecutive workdays were surveyed at

Katherine M. Detre; Allan D. Rosen; James E. Bost; Margaret E. Cooper; Kim Sutton-Tyrrell; Richard Holubkov; Richard J. Shemin; Robert L. Frye

1996-01-01

4

Referral for coronary artery revascularization procedures after diagnostic coronary angiography: Evidence for gender bias?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. We sought to determine whether there is a gender bias in the selection of patients for coronary revascularization once the severity of the underlying coronary artery disease has been established with angiography.Background. It has been suggested that women with coronary artery disease are less likely to be referred for coronary angiography and coronary artery bypass surgery than men. Whether

Malcolm R. Bell; Peter B. Berger; David R. Holmes; Charles J. Mullany; Kent R. Bailey; Bernard J. Gersh

1995-01-01

5

Robotic total endoscopic coronary artery bypass hybrid revascularization procedure in a patient with a preoperative tracheostoma.  

PubMed

Preoperative tracheostoma presents a significant risk of sternal wound complications, mediastinitis, stoma necrosis and tracheal injury in patients requiring cardiac surgery. Several approaches have been described to limit these risks. Robotic totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with a tracheostoma has not been reported. We describe a case of completely endoscopic coronary surgery using the daVinci(®) Si™ system in a patient with a tracheostoma. Single left internal mammary artery grafting to the left coronary artery system was carried out successfully as the first stage of a hybrid revascularization and followed by percutaneous coronary intervention to the circumflex coronary artery. We regard this technique as the most minimally-invasive method of surgical coronary revascularization with a significant potential to reduce the risk of mediastinitis in patients with a tracheostoma. PMID:21297145

Lehr, Eric J; van Wagenberg, Frans S; Haque, Reyaz; Bonatti, Johannes

2011-05-01

6

[Octopus coronary revascularization without extracorporeal circulation].  

PubMed

There is increasing interest in coronary revascularization without using extracorporeal circulation to avoid the problems associated with extracorporeal bypass. The Octopus system has been designed for this approach.From August 1997 to October 1998 we operated on 60 patients (47 men and 13 women) using the Octopus system. 1 patient had single vessel, 39 patients double vessel and 20 patients triple vessel disease. All patients had a normal ejection fraction. The operation was performed through a median sternotomy. A total of 139 mammary anastomoses, of which 27 were sequential anastomoses, 5 anastomoses with the radial artery and 10 anastomoses with the segment of the vena saphena magna were performed. 2 patients received one, 26 patients two, 48 patients three and 4 patients four peripheral anastomoses. The graft/patient relationship was 2.5. Postoperatively 2 patients died of low cardiac output; the reminder survived the operation without postoperative symptoms. 22 of the 60 patients had reangiography within the first week and showed all anastomoses widely patent and not compromised.In our experience the Octopus method is a safe procedure which gives sufficient stability to the surface of the heart even in the lateral and posterior aspect, so that multiple bypass grafts are possible. PMID:10552204

Oster, H

1999-10-01

7

Hybrid coronary artery revascularization: logistics and program development.  

PubMed

Planning hybrid coronary artery revascularization--a combination of cardiac surgery with percutaneous procedures--requires, at first sight, a very complex logistical setup. Technical and equipment related details should be defined as early as possible in order to have time for training of all OR personnel involved. The most challenging aspect in OR-located hybrid coronary revascularization remains a very close cooperation of cardiac surgeons and interventional cardiologists. This teamwork does include indication findings and subsequent referral of multivessel coronary artery disease patients to hybrid procedures, as well as high individual flexibility of interventionalists and surgeons. The major prerequisite for this cooperation is a mutual acceptance of different revascularization approaches and the intent to combine their most striking advantages. Intraoperative graft angiography during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) procedures is one important step toward simultaneous hybrid coronary revascularization procedures. We describe our experience with on table angiography using a mobile C-arm for intraoperative imaging. This fluoroscopy system can in selected cases be used for simultaneous hybrid procedures. PMID:16112939

Friedrich, Guy J; Jonetzko, Patricja; Bonaros, Nikos; Schachner, Thomas; Danzmayr, Michael; Kofler, Ruth; Laufer, G; Pachinger, O; Bonatti, Johannes

2005-01-01

8

Anomalous coronary origin: from suspicion to surgical revascularization.  

PubMed

Congenital anomalies of the coronary arteries are uncommon and can present a diagnostic challenge. The authors present the case of a patient with recurrent chest pain during exertion admitted for acute coronary syndrome. Coronary angiography revealed no coronary lesions but showed that the right coronary artery originated from the anterolateral aortic wall, above the sinuses of Valsalva, leading to suspicion of compression by the pulmonary artery, confirmed by CT angiography. The patient underwent surgical revascularization with a good result. The authors highlight the need to consider compression of an anomalous coronary artery by the pulmonary artery in the differential diagnosis of recurrent chest pain on exertion and acute myocardial infarction without significant coronary stenosis. PMID:24433845

Vieira, Catarina; Nabais, Sérgio; Salgado, Alberto; Salomé, Nuno; Sousa, Paulino; J Madureira, António; Pinho, Paulo; Casanova, Jorge

2014-01-01

9

Effect of cardiac rehabilitation on functional outcomes after coronary revascularization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Current guidelines recommending cardiac rehabilitation (CR) after coronary revascularization are largely based on early studies that evaluated only a subset of the population and failed to assess the impact of CR on a patient's perception of their functional status. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of CR in a diverse contemporary population on patient

Sara K. Pasquali; Karen P. Alexander; Laura P. Coombs; Barbara L. Lytle; Eric D. Peterson

2003-01-01

10

Total arterial coronary revascularization--patient selection, stenoses, conduits, targets  

PubMed Central

Graft patency determines prognosis in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Numerous reports over the past 20 years have documented superior patencies and prognosis when multiple arterial grafts are used, yet less than 10% of CABG have multiple arterial grafts. Several conduits have been proposed, with varying degrees of success. Saphenous vein grafts (SVG) begin to fail with intimal hypertrophy and then atheroma after 5 years, with patency rates of 50% to 60% at 10 years, and <30% at 15 years. In contrast, left internal thoracic artery (LITA) patency is >95% at 10 years and >90% at 20 years. The radial artery is extremely versatile and can reach all territories, but is muscular and vulnerable to spasm and competitive flow. Similarly, the right gastroepiploic artery is also muscular, and is best suited to the posterior descending coronary artery, especially in reoperations and is also affected by competitive flow. In addition, bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting (BITA) grafts and total arterial revascularization (TACR) can be performed with identical perioperative mortality (1%) and perioperative morbidity to LITA + SVG. Importantly, survival is superior—85% to 90% at 10 years versus 75% to 80% respectively. BITA/TACR patients also suffer fewer late cardiac events and reoperations, with superior results for older patients, those requiring urgent surgery, diabetics, patients with renal dysfunction and in reoperations. Contraindications to BITA include obesity, insulin dependent diabetics, and severe chronic obstructive airways disease. As such, arterial grafts have better patencies and clinical results. BITA/TACR is often underutilized, but can be achieved in the majority of patients. Opportunities exist to enhance BITA/TACR use in CABG to the potential benefit of our patients. PMID:23977629

2013-01-01

11

Coronary Revascularization Using Bilateral Internal Thoracic Arteries: Safe with Skeletonization?  

PubMed Central

Substantial evidence exists to support a long-term survival benefit with bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) revascularization in coronary artery bypass grafting. However, this technique remains grossly underutilized worldwide and especially in the United States. In this review, we discuss evidence for the advantages of BITA grafting as well as the associated the risk of sternal wound complications. We then review a growing body of literature that suggests ‘skeletonization’ of the internal thoracic artery during harvest confers a protective benefit against sternal wound infection in patients receiving BITA. PMID:24761259

Wehman, Brody; Taylor, Bradley

2014-01-01

12

Revascularization for coronary artery disease in diabetes mellitus: Angioplasty, stents and coronary artery bypass grafting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) are prone to a diffuse and rapidly progressive form of atherosclerosis, which increases\\u000a their likelihood of requiring revascularization. However, the unique pathophysiology of atherosclerosis in patients with DM\\u000a modifies the response to arterial injury, with profound clinical consequences for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary\\u000a intervention (PCI). Multiple studies have shown that DM is a strong risk

Doron Aronson; Elazer R. Edelman

2010-01-01

13

Use of Evidence-Based Medical Therapy in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Revascularization in the United States, Europe, and Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to examine whether there are international variations in the use of evidence-based medical therapy in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary revascularization. We analyzed the medical therapy of patients in the United States (US) (n = 878), Europe (n = 134), and Canada (n = 274) who underwent percutaneous coronary revascularization in either the Coronary Angioplasty

1997-01-01

14

Hybrid Coronary Revascularization Using Limited Incisional Full Sternotomy Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery in Multivessel Disease: Early Results  

PubMed Central

Background There are several modalities of coronary artery revascularization for multivessel coronary artery disease. Hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) with minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting was introduced for high-risk patients, and recently, many centers have been using it. Limited incisional full sternotomy coronary artery bypass (LIFCAB) involves left internal thoracic artery (LITA)-to-left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) anastomosis through a sternotomy with a minimal skin incision; it could be considered another technique for minimally invasive LITA-to-LAD anastomosis. Our center has performed HCR using LIFCAB, and in this paper, we report our short-term results, obtained in the past 3 years. Methods The medical records of 38 patients from May 2010 to June 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. The observation period after HCR was 1 to 37 months (average, 18.3±10.3 months). The patency of revascularization was confirmed with postoperative coronary angio-computerized tomography or coronary angiography. Results There were 3 superficial wound complications, but no mortalities. All the LITA-to-LAD anastomoses were patent in the immediate postoperative and follow-up studies, but stenosis was detected in 3 cases of percutaneous coronary intervention. Conclusion HCR using LIFCAB is safe and yields satisfactory results from the viewpoint of revascularization for multivessel disease. PMID:24782958

Kang, Joonkyu; Lee, Seok In; Moon, Mi Hyung; Kim, Hwan Wook; Jo, Gyun Hyun

2014-01-01

15

The innovation of composite core dual coil coronary guide-wire technology: A didactic coronary chronic total occlusion revascularization case report.  

PubMed

The treatment of coronary chronic total occlusions (CTO) continues to solicit technical innovations. As success primarily depends on crossing the lesion with a wire, all aspects regarding tip shape retention, torque precision, and penetration ability of the guide-wire have greatly influenced new techniques and strategies. The world of interventional cardiology has to look carefully at these developments, and to use them accordingly to improve the success rate in ordinary percutaneous coronary interventions. We present a didactical case report of a CTO revascularization treated with a new 'dual core' technology guide-wire. PMID:25278725

Tomasello, Salvatore Davide; Giudice, Pietro; Attisano, Tiziana; Boukhris, Marouane; Galassi, Alfredo R

2014-10-01

16

The innovation of composite core dual coil coronary guide-wire technology: A didactic coronary chronic total occlusion revascularization case report  

PubMed Central

The treatment of coronary chronic total occlusions (CTO) continues to solicit technical innovations. As success primarily depends on crossing the lesion with a wire, all aspects regarding tip shape retention, torque precision, and penetration ability of the guide-wire have greatly influenced new techniques and strategies. The world of interventional cardiology has to look carefully at these developments, and to use them accordingly to improve the success rate in ordinary percutaneous coronary interventions. We present a didactical case report of a CTO revascularization treated with a new ‘dual core’ technology guide-wire.

Tomasello, Salvatore Davide; Giudice, Pietro; Attisano, Tiziana; Boukhris, Marouane; Galassi, Alfredo R.

2014-01-01

17

Cheyne-Stokes respiration due to chronic heart failure abates with coronary artery revascularization.  

PubMed

A 78-year-old man presented with dyspnea and mild heart failure with Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR). Workup revealed inferolateral ischemia in the setting of significant triple vessel coronary disease, and nil else to adequately explain his dyspnea and eventual respiratory failure. After he underwent surgical revascularization, his ventricular function improved, leading to resolution of his respiratory failure and, of interest, his CSR. CSR is a central sleep apnea common in heart failure patients and has been associated with increased mortality. Here, we present the first English-literature report of CSR abating with surgical coronary revascularization, and briefly review the literature. PMID:22261183

Nagpal, A Dave; Manji, Farah; Lenssen, Leslie; Schulz, Valerie; Novick, Richard J; Kao, Raymond

2012-01-01

18

Surgical revascularization for 'atherosclerotic' coronary artery aneurysms associated with multiple obstructive coronary artery disease  

PubMed Central

Coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) were originally described in a series of post-mortem studies but are now more commonly observed during the widely used coronary angiography. This article reports on four adult patients with CAA associated with obstructive coronary atherosclerosis. Arterial and venous conduits were successfully performed in all four. The aetiology and treatment are discussed. ImagesFigure 1Figure 2Figure 3Figure 4

Said, S.A.M.; Sie, H.T.

2002-01-01

19

The art of arterial revascularization--total arterial revascularization in patients with triple vessel coronary artery disease  

PubMed Central

The use of the left internal thoracic artery to graft the left anterior descending artery has been widely accepted as the gold standard for surgical treatment of coronary disease for over 40 years. However the use of multiple other arterial grafts to support this has not been accepted readily, in spite of evidence of superiority over saphenous vein grafts, probably because of perceptions of technical complexity, time constraints for conduit harvesting and increased peri-operative complications. As a result, even today most patients with multivessel coronary artery disease do not receive the potential benefits of extensive or total arterial revascularization. We discuss here the use of contemporary techniques and grafts configurations to simplify this, and the safety and benefit data underpinning this practice. Current patency data confirm that a left internal thoracic artery graft performs well beyond 20 years, with over 80% freedom from failure, but accumulating data suggest that the right internal thoracic artery behaves in the same way. Radial artery grafts are being studied in several randomized trials, but observational studies already suggest a performance which compares favourably with saphenous vein. Total arterial revascularization is achievable in most patients with a small but acceptable increase in risk of sternal complications when certain defined subgroups are excluded. PMID:23977634

Hayward, Philip A.

2013-01-01

20

Incomplete revascularization in multivessel percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty: the role for stress thallium-201 imaging  

SciTech Connect

Evaluation of patients with multivessel coronary disease for percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty raises the question: Is incomplete revascularization an acceptable procedure in these patients, or does complete revascularization need to be performed, as in coronary artery bypass grafting. To provide an answer the present study utilized exercise thallium imaging as a guide to the performance of angioplasty in 85 patients with multivessel coronary disease. Preangioplasty exercise thallium imaging helped to identify the primary stenosis (culprit lesion) in 93% of patients. Two weeks to 1 month after dilation of this lesion, repeat thallium imaging identified two patient groups: Group 1, 47 patients with no evidence of ischemia in a second vascular distribution and Group 2, 38 patients with evidence of further angioplasty. In Group 2 47% of patients had angioplasty of a second vessel and 79% required multivessel angioplasty at 1 year follow-up. In contrast, only six Group 1 patients (13%) required angioplasty of a second vessel at 1 year. Thus, incomplete revascularization may be an acceptable approach in many patients with multivessel coronary disease. Stress thallium-201 imaging may be a useful technique in the evaluation and management of these patients.

Breisblatt, W.M.; Barnes, J.V.; Weiland, F.; Spaccavento, L.J.

1988-06-01

21

Temporal Trends in Mortality after Coronary Artery Revascularization in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease  

PubMed Central

Background: Recent studies that have assessed the comparative effectiveness between coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) that have included analyses of temporal trends in mortality have noted mixed results. Methods: We conducted an observational longitudinal cohort study of all adults with ESRD undergoing CABG or PCI within Kaiser Permanente Northern California. The primary predictor, index period of revascularization, was categorized into 3 periods: 1996–1999 (reference), 2000–2003, and 2004–2008, with the primary outcome being 3-year all-cause mortality. A multivariable Cox regression model with the assumption of independent censoring was used to determine the adjusted relative risk of the primary predictor. Results: Among 1015 ESRD patients, 3-year mortality showed no significant change in the 2000–2003 period but was lower during the 2004–2008 period with an adjusted hazard ratio of 0.66 (95% confidence interval: 0.49–0.88; trend test p = 0.01). No change in 30-day mortality was noted. Further adjustment for receipt of medications at baseline and after revascularization did not materially affect risk estimates. No significant interactions were observed between the type of revascularization (CABG or PCI) and the period of the index revascularization. Conclusions: Among a high-risk cohort of patients with ESRD and coronary artery disease within Kaiser Permanente Northern California who were referred for coronary revascularization by either CABG or PCI, the relative risk of mortality in the 2004–2008 period decreased by 34% compared with the 1996–1999 period, with the benefit primarily in the decrease in late mortality. PMID:25102514

Krishnaswami, Ashok; Leong, Thomas K; Hlatky, Mark A; Chang, Tara I; Go, Alan S

2014-01-01

22

Health Risk Reduction and Functional Restoration Following Coronary Revascularization: A Prospective Investigation Using Dynamic Stage Typology Clustering  

Microsoft Academic Search

We identified patterns of coronary-prone behavior modification in a prospective cohort investigation of health risk reduction following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) revascularization surgery. Fifty coronary heart disease (CHD) patients scheduled for bypass answered questions about Transtheoretical Model (TTM) change strategy (process) use, mood, and quality of life at 1 month prior to CABG and again at 1-month and 8-month

Terence E. Fitzgerald; James O. Prochaska; Glenn S. Pransky

2000-01-01

23

Successful Treatment of a Dilated Circumflex Artery and Coronary Sinus Fistula  

PubMed Central

Coronary arteriovenous fistula is a rare entity and is mostly diagnosed and corrected in early childhood. We report the case of a 59-year-old female patient who was presented with chest pain during exertion for 3 months because of an aneurysmatic circumflex artery and coronary sinus fistula. We successfully ligated the circumflex artery close to the main stem and to the coronary sinus. The first marginal branch was revascularized by the left internal thoracic artery. The postoperative course was uneventful.

Bernhardt, Alexander Martin; Gulbins, Helmut; Reichenspurner, Hermann

2013-01-01

24

Off-pump coronary revascularization: A potential benefit for female patients?  

PubMed Central

Coronary artery disease is one of the leading causes of illness for both men and women. However, women are 3 times more likely to die for coronary artery disease as they are of breast cancer. There are an increasing prevalence of coronary artery disease in women and thus facing the need for surgical revascularization. It has long being accepted that women carry a high risk of coronary surgery than men. Many investigators have suggested that female itself is predictive of poor outcome after on pump coronary surgery. We thought to search the litlature to investigate whether women who undergo off-pump surgery receive any benefits compared with women undergoing on-pump surgery. PMID:23960575

Arifi, Ahmed A.; Huen, Erica; Franke, J.G.; Najm, Hani

2009-01-01

25

Coronary Artery Revascularization in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus  

MedlinePLUS

... multiple blockages, bypass surgery can prolong life even in the absence of symptoms. Choosing Between Angioplasty and Bypass Surgery The heart has 3 major coronary arteries, each supplying a different area of the heart muscle. When a ...

26

A randomized comparison of a sirolimus eluting stent with a standard stent for coronary revascularization  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The need for repeated treatment of restenosis of a treated vessel remains the main limitation of percutaneous coronary revascularization. Because sirolimus (rapamycin) inhibits the proliferation of lymphocytes and smooth-muscle cells, we compared a sirolimus-eluting stent with a standard uncoated stent in patients with angina pectoris. METHODS: We performed a randomized, double-blind trial to compare the two types of stents

M. C. Morice; P. W. Serruys; E. J. Sousa; F. Molnar; J. E. Sousa; J. Fajadet; E. Ban Hayashi; M. A. Perin; A. Colombo; G. Schuler; P. Barragan

2002-01-01

27

Myocardial revascularization in the elderly using beating heart coronary artery bypass surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Beating heart or “off-pump” coronary artery bypass (OP-CAB) has become an accepted method of myocardial revascularization by reducing the perioperative morbidity related to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). However, the efficacy of OP-CAB has not been well established in the elderly patient population.Methods. OP-CABs were performed in 53 patients aged 75 years and older, at Pitt County Memorial Hospital from January

Theodore C Koutlas; Joseph R Elbeery; J. Mark Williams; Jon F Moran; Nicola A Francalancia; W. Randolph Chitwood

2000-01-01

28

Coronary revascularization and TAVI: before, during, after or never?  

PubMed

Aortic valve stenosis and coronary artery disease (CAD) frequently coexist in elderly patients selected for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Therapeutic strategies to manage concomitant obstructive CAD are therefore an important consideration in the overall management of patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing TAVI. Conventional surgical aortic valve replacement and coronary artery bypass grafting is the treatment of choice for low and intermediate risk patients with symptomatic severe AS and concomitant obstructive CAD. However, TAVI and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are viable alternative options for high-risk or inoperable patients presenting with symptomatic severe AS. PCI has been shown to be feasible and safe in selected high-risk or inoperable patients with symptomatic severe AS. However, the optimal timing of PCI relative to the TAVI procedure has been a subject of debate. The most frequent approch is staged PCI typically performed a few weeks prior to TAVI. However, concomitant PCI has also been shown to be a feasible and safe approach, particularly in patients with a low level of CAD complexity and an absence of severe renal impairment. Conversely, staged PCI should be considered in patients with higher degrees of CAD complexity, particularly in the presence of severe renal impairment. The aim of the present review is to discuss the safety and feasibility of performing PCI in elderly patients with severe AS and the optimal timing of PCI relative to the TAVI procedure using the most up-to-date available evidence. PMID:25274461

O'Sullivan, C J; Stefanini, G G; Stortecky, S; Tüller, D; Windecker, S; Wenaweser, P

2014-12-01

29

Triple coronary artery revascularization on the stabilized beating heart: initial experience  

PubMed Central

Objective To decrease health costs and morbidity related to extracorporeal circulation, surgeons have modified the coronary artery bypass (CAB) technique so that it can be completed without the use of extra-corporeal circulation. This study summarizes initial experience with direct coronary artery revascularization on the beating heart using a coronary stabilizer. Design A case series. Setting The Montreal Heart Institute, a university-affiliated centre, specializing in the treatment of cardiac illnesses. Patients Ten patients underwent CAB by this technique. They presented with double or triple coronary artery disease with no intramyocardial, heavily calcified, diffused atheromatous coronary vessels, or left main coronary disease. Intervention CAB grafting in the beating heart. The anterior wall was grafted in all patients, the inferior wall in 7 and the posterior wall in 7. Main outcome measures Patient survival and graft patency. Results One patient died of multiple organ failure not related to the grafting technique itself, and 1 patient suffered a non-Q myocardial infarction. Early coronary angiography performed on 8 patients showed 100% graft patency, most with excellent distal runoff (21/22 grafts). Conclusion In patients with adequate anatomy, performance of CAB without extracorporeal circulation can achieve excellent early results provided there is appropriate mechanical stabilization of the beating heart. PMID:9711161

Cartier, Raymond; Hebert, Yves; Blain, Robert; Tremblay, Normand; Desjardins, Jacques; Leclerc, Yves

1998-01-01

30

Comparison of hybrid coronary revascularization versus coronary artery bypass grafting in patients?65 years with multivessel coronary artery disease.  

PubMed

Hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) combines minimally invasive left internal mammary artery-to-left anterior descending coronary artery grafting with percutaneous coronary intervention of non-left anterior descending coronary arteries. The safety and efficacy of HCR in patients?65 years of age is unknown. In this study, patients aged?65 years were included who underwent HCR at an academic center from October 2003 to September 2013. These patients were matched 1:4 to similar patients treated with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using a propensity-score matching algorithm. Conditional logistic regression and Cox regression stratified on matched pairs were performed to evaluate the association between HCR and CABG, and 30-day major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (a composite of mortality, myocardial infarction, and stroke), periprocedural complications, and 3-year all-cause mortality. Of 715 patients (143 of whom underwent HCR and 572 CABG) in the propensity score-matched cohort, rates of 30-day major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events were comparable after HCR and CABG (5.6% vs 3.8%, odds ratio 1.46, 95% confidence interval 0.65 to 3.27, p=0.36). Compared with CABG, HCR resulted in fewer procedural complications (9.1% vs 18.2%, p=0.018), fewer blood transfusions (28.0% vs 53.3%, p<0.0001), less chest tube drainage (838±484 vs 1,100±579 cm3, p<0.001), and shorter lengths of stay (<5 days: 45.5% vs 27.4%, p=0.001). Over a 3-year follow-up period, mortality rates were similar after HCR and CABG (13.2% vs 16.6%, hazard ratio 0.81, 95% confidence interval 0.46 to 1.43, p=0.47). Subgroup analyses in high-risk patients (Charlson index?6, age?75 years) rendered similar results. In conclusion, although the present data are limited, we found that in older patients, the use of HCR is safe, has fewer procedural complications, entails less blood product use, and results in faster recovery with similar longitudinal outcomes relative to conventional CABG. PMID:24878119

Harskamp, Ralf E; Puskas, John D; Tijssen, Jan G; Walker, Patrick F; Liberman, Henry A; Lopes, Renato D; Vassiliades, Thomas A; Peterson, Eric D; Halkos, Michael E

2014-07-15

31

Revascularization for coronary artery disease in diabetes mellitus: Angioplasty, stents and coronary artery bypass grafting  

E-print Network

Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) are prone to a diffuse and rapidly progressive form of atherosclerosis, which increases their likelihood of requiring revascularization. However, the unique pathophysiology of atherosclerosis ...

Aronson, Doron

32

Changes in the use of coronary artery revascularization procedures in the Department of Veterans Affairs, the National Hospital Discharge Survey, and the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 1991–1999  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There have been dramatic increases in the number of coronary artery bypass surgeries (CABS) and percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed during the last decade. Whether this finding is true for revascularization procedures performed in Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers is the subject of this paper. METHODS: This study compared the number of revascularization procedures and rates of

Charles Maynard; Anne E Sales

2003-01-01

33

Mortality of Department of Veterans Affairs Patients Undergoing Coronary Revascularization in Private Sector Hospitals  

PubMed Central

Objective A limitation of studies comparing outcomes of Veterans Affairs (VA) and private sector hospitals is uncertainty about the methods of accounting for risk factors in VA populations. This study estimates whether use of VA services is a marker for increased risk by comparing outcomes of VA users and other patients undergoing coronary revascularization in private sector hospitals. Data Sources Males 67 years and older undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG; n=687,936) surgery or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI; n=664,124) during 1996–2002 were identified from Medicare administrative data. Patients using VA services during the 2 years preceding the Medicare admission were identified using VA administrative files. Study Design Thirty-, 90-, and 365-day mortality were compared in patients who did and did not use VA services, adjusting for demographic and clinical risk factors using generalized estimating equations and propensity score analysis. Results Adjusted mortality after CABG was higher (p<.001) in VA users compared with nonusers at 30, 90, and 365 days: odds ratio (OR)=1.07 (95 percent confidence interval [CI], 1.03–1.11), 1.07 (95 percent CI, 1.04–1.10), and 1.09 (95 percent CI, 1.06–1.12), respectively. For PCI, mortality at 30 and 90 days was similar (p>.05) for VA users and nonusers, but was higher at 365 days (OR=1.09; 95 percent CI, 1.06–1.12). The increased risk of death in VA users was limited to patients with service-connected disabilities or low incomes. Odds of death for VA users were slightly lower using samples matched by propensity scores. Conclusions A small difference in risk-adjusted outcomes for VA users and nonusers undergoing revascularization in private sector hospitals was found. This difference reflects unmeasured severity in VA users undergoing revascularization in private sector hospitals. PMID:17850521

Vaughan-Sarrazin, Mary S; Wakefield, Bonnie; Rosenthal, Gary E

2007-01-01

34

The radial artery: current concepts on its use in coronary artery revascularization.  

PubMed

The radial artery (RA) can be used as part of an arterial revascularization strategy in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). It is easy to harvest and several randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses have reported superior long-term patency over saphenous vein grafts. However, the RA is not used as frequently as the saphenous vein and questions remain regarding its optimum use as a conduit. This article comprehensively appraises current evidence surrounding outcomes, patient selection, harvesting technique, intraoperative strategy, and graft spasm prophylaxis to provide a contemporary review of the use of the RA as a conduit in CABG. PMID:24090580

Rehman, Syed M; Yi, Gijong; Taggart, David P

2013-11-01

35

Coronary artery bypass grafting or percutaneous revascularization in acute myocardial infarction?  

PubMed

A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was as follows: is coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery superior to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in terms of in-hospital mortality and morbidity and long-term outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI)? A total of 104 papers were returned using the selected search. Of these, six represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The selection criteria were comparative studies with only PCI and CABG groups in patients with acute MI. Case reports, reviews, recommendations and studies on a specific population or out of the context of acute MI were excluded. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. Almost all PCI patients received stents. One study used drug-eluting stents (DES). Two randomized studies showed similar short- and mid-term morbidities and mortalities in patients with acute MI in the PCI and CABG groups but higher repeat revascularization rates after PCI. Three observational studies found comparable survival, but one of them found more periprocedural events with CABG and the other two found more recurrent ischaemia requiring repeat revascularization in the PCI group. In one cohort study, CABG appeared to be an independent risk factor for death in N-STEMI according to the European Society/American College of Cardiology 2000 definition. The results are strongly influenced by the definition of acute MI. In an institution offering the two techniques with an equivalent accessibility, the principal advantage of PCI is a lower incidence of periprocedural and short-term morbidities. CABG, on the other hand, offers a better durability with less mid-term repeat revascularization required, especially when compared with PCI with DES implantation. Choice had to weight up coronary artery anatomy, number and localization of coronary artery stenosis and accessibility of both PCI and CABG treatments. Medical and surgical discussion within the Heart Team is required to make the best medical decision for each patient. PMID:23962854

Perrier, Stéphanie; Kindo, Michel; Gerelli, Sébastien; Mazzucotelli, Jean-Philippe

2013-12-01

36

Precision incision: robotic coronary revascularization via 3.9-cm minithoracotomy.  

PubMed

Coronary artery bypass grafting remains the treatment choice for coronary artery disease; but sternotomy, the most commonly used approach, compromises its benefits with postoperative morbidity, higher complication rates, and prolonged length of hospital stay. Despite this, minimally invasive and robotic-assisted technology has not been adopted or widely embraced because supporting literature on robotic-assisted coronary artery bypass grafting is extremely limited. Since 2005, the cardiothoracic surgical team at our institution has been developing and maturing an effective method using robotic harvesting of the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) and beating heart surgery through a minithoracotomy for coronary revascularization. This surgical technique involves precisely placing the robotic endoscopic port immediately over the left anterior descending (LAD) artery target site. The robotically harvested LIMA is secured to the epicardium at the LAD target, the robotic instruments are removed, and the endoscopic port site is enlarged slightly greater than 1 cm to become the minithoracotomy and allow for LIMA-to-LAD anastomosis. The other two robotic ports are used to complete the procedure without a need for additional incisions. This standardized method has been used in more than 750 patients, and since 2009, the last 377 consecutive non-rib-spreading minithoracotomy incisions measured a median of 3.9 cm (mean [SD], 4.16 [1.2748] cm; range, 2.3-12.0 cm). This "How I Do It" article describes our methods in detail and associated robotic nuances. PMID:22885467

Sutter, Francis P; Berry, Tami; Wertan, Maryann C

2012-01-01

37

Improved regional ventricular function after successful surgical revascularization  

SciTech Connect

Left ventricular segments with reversible asynergy at rest demonstrate reversible myocardial perfusion defects on exercise thallium-201 scintigrams. To determine if improved perfusion eliminates asynergy at rest, 23 patients with angina (stable in 21, unstable in 2) were studied before and after coronary artery bypass surgery. All patients underwent exercise myocardial perfusion scintigraphy, contrast ventriculography and coronary arteriography before and after surgery. Selective graft angiography was performed during the postoperative catheterization to determine graft patency. Segmental ventricular function was quantitated by a regional fraction method. The scintigrams were divided into five regions and compared with the corresponding regions of the ventriculogram. Seventy-one of a possible 142 ventricular segments exhibited exercise-induced perfusion deficits. Preoperative regional ejection fraction was normal in 42 of these segments and abnormal in 29. Postoperatively, in 19 of the abnormal segments, function improved or normalized. All these segments had improved perfusion during exercise after surgery and were supplied by a patent bypass graft. Nine of the 10 segments in which abnormal wall motion persisted postoperatively continued to have exercise-induced perfusion deficits, and 9 of the 10 segments were supplied by an occluded or stenotic graft or one with poor run off. Of the 42 segments with normal wall motion preoperatively, 30 had improved perfusion after surgery and 35 maintained normal function. This study indicates that asynergy at rest is permanently reversed after coronary bypass surgery if improved myocardial perfusion can be documented. These findings are consistent with but do not prove the concept that reversible rest asynergy may reflect chronic ischemia or a prolonged effect from previous ischemic episodes.

Brundage, B.H.; Massie, B.M.; Botvinick, E.H.

1984-04-01

38

A 1-year follow-up quality of life study after hemodynamically successful or unsuccessful surgical revascularization of lower limb ischemia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The impact of hemodynamically successful or unsuccessful bypass grafting or angioplasty on patients' quality of life was assessed throughout the first year postsurgery. Methods: A total of 146 patients, 97 patients who underwent successful revascularization and 49 patients who underwent unsuccessful revascularization, were assessed for quality of life with the Nottingham Health Profile. Results: Hemodynamically successful revascularization resulted in

Rosemarie Klevsgård; B. O. Risberg; Mogens B. Thomsen; Ingalill R. Hallberg

2001-01-01

39

Impact of Critical Limb Ischemia on Long-Term Cardiac Mortality in Diabetic Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Revascularization  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE Development of critical limb ischemia (CLI) has been reported as an independent predictor of cardiac mortality in diabetic patients. We aimed to determine whether CLI, managed in a structured setting of close collaboration between different vascular specialists and treated with early endovascular intervention, has any impact on long-term cardiac mortality of diabetic patients initially presenting with symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We designed a prospective observational study of 764 consecutive diabetic patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in whom development of CLI was assessed by a dedicated diabetic foot clinic. Cardiac mortality at 4-year follow-up was the primary end point of the study. RESULTS Among the 764 patients, 111 (14%) developed CLI (PCI-CLI group) and underwent revascularization of 145 limbs, with procedural success in 140 (96%). PCI-CLI patients at baseline had lower left ventricular ejection fraction (51 ± 11% vs. 53 ± 10%, P = 0.008), higher prevalence of dialysis (7% vs. 0.3%, P < 0.0001), and longer diabetes duration (13 ± 8 vs. 11 ± 7 years, P = 0.02) compared with PCI-only patients. At 4-year follow-up, cardiac mortality occurred in 10 (9%) PCI-CLI patients vs. 42 (6%) PCI-only patients (P = 0.2). Time-dependent Cox regression model for cardiac death revealed that CLI was not associated with an increased risk of cardiac mortality (hazard ratio 1.08 [95% CI 0.89–3.85]; P = 0.1). CONCLUSIONS The development of promptly assessed and aggressively treated CLI was not significantly associated with increased risk of long-term cardiac mortality in diabetic patients initially presenting with symptomatic CAD. PMID:23340882

Liistro, Francesco; Angioli, Paolo; Grotti, Simone; Brandini, Rossella; Porto, Italo; Ricci, Lucia; Tacconi, Danilo; Ducci, Kenneth; Falsini, Giovanni; Bellandi, Guido; Bolognese, Leonardo

2013-01-01

40

Safety and Efficacy of Caproamin Fides and Tranexamic Acid Versus Placebo in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Revascularization  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Excessive fibrinolysis contributes to post-cardiopulmonary bypass bleeding. Tranexamic Acid (TXA) and Caproamin Fides are synthetic lysine analogues that inhibit plasminogen-fibrin binding. The present study aimed to compare TXA and Caproamin Fides versus placebo in patients undergoing elective coronary artery revascularization. Methods: We analyzed perioperative data of 300 adult patients undergoing coronary artery revascularization. Patients were randomly allocated to receive TXA (n=100), Caproamin Fides (n=100) or placebo (n=100) during perioperative time. Mediastinal bleeding during the first 24 hours post-operation, transfusion requirement and post-surgical complications were assessed. Results: Most descriptive and intra-operative parameters were well comparable between the 3 study groups. Except for mean number of packed red blood cell (PRBC) units transfused during ICU stay (P=0.01), patients in the Caproamin Fides and TXA groups did not show any statistically significant differences regarding transfusion of blood products during peri-operative period. There was no evidence of a significant difference in mediastinal blood loss during the first 24 hours post-operation between the patients receiving TXA or placebo, while patients in the Caproamin Fides group had significantly lower mediastinal bleeding than the other 2 groups (Caproamin Fides vs. placebo, P=0.002, <0.001 and <0.001 at 6, 12 and 24 hours post-operation; Caproamin Fides vs. TXA, P=0.009, 0.003, <0.001 at 6, 12 and 24 hours post-operation). The incidence of postoperative complications were comparable between Caproamin Fides and TXA groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: In conclusion, Caproamin Fides seems to be superior to TXA regarding the blood saving effects in patients undergoing coronary artery revascularization.

Alizadeh Ghavidel, Alireza; Totonchi, Ziae; Chitsazan, Mitra; Gholampour Dehaki, Maziar; Jalili, Farshid; Farsad, Fariborz; Hejrati, Maral

2014-01-01

41

Use of evidence-based medical therapy in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary revascularization in the United States, Europe, and Canada. Coronary Angioplasty Versus Excisional Atherectomy Trial (CAVEAT-I) and Canadian Coronary Atherectomy Trial (CCAT) investigators.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to examine whether there are international variations in the use of evidence-based medical therapy in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary revascularization. We analyzed the medical therapy of patients in the United States (US) (n = 878), Europe (n = 134), and Canada (n = 274) who underwent percutaneous coronary revascularization in either the Coronary Angioplasty Versus Excisional Atherectomy Trial (CAVEAT-I) (enrollment from August 1991 to April 1992) or the Canadian Coronary Atherectomy Trial (CCAT) (enrollment from July 1991 to August 1992). We found that at the time of hospital admission, Canadian patients had the highest rates of treatment with aspirin (95% vs 57% US and 78% Europe; p = 0.002), calcium antagonists (75% vs 48% US and 43% Europe; p 0.0001), beta blockers (60% vs 32% US and 46% Europe; p = 0.02), and combination anti-ischemic therapy (67% vs 43% US and 56% Europe; p = 0.0001). By discharge, however, Canadian patients had the lowest rates of treatment with nitrates (12% vs 40% US and 44% Europe; p = 0.0001) and combination anti-ischemic therapy (29% vs 53% US and 47% Europe; p < 0.01). At both admission and discharge, rates of treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and lipid-lowering agents were < 15% in all 3 regions. We conclude that significant international variations exist in the use of evidence-based medical therapy in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary revascularization. PMID:9104896

Eisenberg, M J; Califf, R M; Cohen, E A; Adelman, A G; Mark, D B; Topol, E J

1997-04-01

42

Evaluation of the Effect of Concurrent Chronic Total Occlusion and Successful Staged Revascularization on Long-Term Mortality in Patients with ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction  

PubMed Central

Aims. To investigate the impact of chronic total occlusion (CTO) in non-infarct-related artery (IRA) on the long-term prognosis and evaluate the clinical significance of staged revascularization in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods. 1266 STEMI patients with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were categorized as single-vessel disease (SVD), multivessel disease (MVD) without and with CTO. We study the clinical outcomes of patients after primary PCI in the following 3 years. Additionally, patients with CTO received staged revascularization, and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) during 3-year follow-up were recorded. Results. Presence of CTO was a predictor of both early mortality [hazard ratio (HR) 3.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.4–4.5, P < 0.01] and late mortality (HR 1.9, 95% CI 1.4–3.6, P < 0.01), whereas MVD without CTO was only a predictor of early mortality (HR 1.7, 95% CI 1.3–2.3, P < 0.05). In CTO group, 100 patients had successful CTO recanalization, and 48 patients failed. During 3-year follow-up, patients with failed procedure had higher cardiac mortality (22.9% versus 9.0%, P = 0.020) and lower MACE-free survival (50.0% versus 72.0%, P = 0.009) compared to patients with successful procedure. Conclusion. The presence of CTO and not MVD alone is associated with long-term mortality. Successful revascularization of CTO in the non-IRA is associated with improved clinical outcomes in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI. PMID:24790581

Shi, Guoxiang; He, Pengcheng; Liu, Yuanhui; Lin, Yaowang; Yang, Xing; Chen, Jiyuan; Zhou, Yingling; Tan, Ning

2014-01-01

43

Long-term survival with revascularization in South Asians admitted with an acute coronary syndrome (from the Alberta Provincial Project for Outcomes Assessment in Coronary Heart Disease Registry).  

PubMed

People of South Asian (SA) descent are particularly susceptible to acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Yet, little information exists regarding their overall prognosis. The purpose of this study was to compare short- and long-term clinical outcomes of SA and European Canadians admitted with an ACS. Using the Alberta Provincial Project for Outcomes Assessment in Coronary Heart Disease registry, 63,393 patients with ACS were reviewed (January 1999 to March 2012). After excluding Chinese patients, 1,825 SAs were compared with 60,791 European Canadians. Both groups were propensity matched, and outcomes were compared. Adjustment was performed using a 3:1 propensity matching technique. Adjusted 30-day and 1-year mortality rates were similar between SA and European patients with ACS (2.6% vs 2.7%, p = 0.93; 5.0% vs 4.8%, respectively, p = 0.75). Repeat angiography did not differ (9.9% vs 9.2%, p = 0.35), yet repeat revascularization within 1 year was greater in SA patients (9.8% vs 7.6%, p <0.01). Improved long-term survival (median 64 months, interquartile range 66 months) was noted with SA patients (hazard ratio [HR] 0.82, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.71 to 0.95). In particular, long-term survival was observed in SA patients receiving coronary artery bypass grafting (HR 0.75, 95% CI 0.52 to 1.08) and percutaneous coronary intervention (HR 0.75, 95% CI 0.59 to 0.96). In conclusion, SA patients treated with revascularization appear to have improved long-term survival after ACS, compared with European Canadians. As such, clinicians should be cognitive of ethnic-based outcomes when determining therapeutic strategies in patient management. PMID:24927971

Kaila, Kendeep S; Norris, Colleen M; Graham, Michelle M; Ali, Imtiaz; Bainey, Kevin R

2014-08-01

44

Procedural outcomes of revascularization of chronic total occlusion of native coronary arteries (from a multicenter United States registry).  

PubMed

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) is a rapidly evolving area of interventional cardiology. We sought to examine the immediate procedural and in-hospital clinical outcomes of native coronary artery CTO PCI from a multicenter United States (US) registry. We retrospectively examined the procedural outcomes of 1,361 consecutive native coronary artery CTO PCIs performed at 3 US institutions from January 2006 to November 2011. Mean age was 65 ± 11 years, 85% of patients were men, 40% had diabetes, 37% had previous coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and 42% had previous PCI. The CTO target vessel was the right coronary artery (55%), circumflex (23%), left anterior descending artery (21%), and left main or bypass graft (1%). The retrograde approach was used in 34% of all procedures. The technical and procedural success rates were 85.5% and 84.2%, respectively. The mean procedural time, fluoroscopy time, and contrast utilization were 113 ± 61 minutes, 42 ± 29 minutes, and 294 ± 158 ml, respectively. In multivariate analysis, female gender, no previous coronary artery bypass surgery, and years since initiation of CTO PCI at each center were independent predictors of procedural success. Major complications occurred in 24 patients (1.8%). In conclusion, among selected US-based institutions with experienced operators, native coronary artery CTO PCI can be performed with high success and low major complication rates. PMID:23672987

Michael, Tesfaldet T; Karmpaliotis, Dimitri; Brilakis, Emmanouil S; Fuh, Eric; Patel, Vishal G; Mogabgab, Owen; Alomar, Mohammed; Kirkland, Ben L; Lembo, Nicholas; Kalynych, Anna; Carlson, Harold; Banerjee, Subhash; Lombardi, William; Kandzari, David E

2013-08-15

45

Surgical Revascularization for Acute Coronary Insufficiency: Analysis of Risk Factors for Hospital Mortality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. A retrospective study of 444 patients undergoing urgent and emergent coronary artery bypass grafting for acute coronary insufficiency was performed to identify the risk factors for hospital death specifically associated with the clinical severity of the acute coronary insufficiency syndrome.Methods. The patients were divided into three groups—urgent, emergent A, and emergent B—on the basis of the evolution of the

Biagio Tomasco; Antonino Cappiello; Rosario Fiorilli; Archimede Leccese; Raniero Lupino; Antonio Romiti; Ugo F Tesler

1997-01-01

46

Contemporary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Versus Balloon Angioplasty for Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease: A Comparison of the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute Dynamic Registry and the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation (BARI) Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—This investigation compares the results of contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with standard balloon angioplasty among patients with multivessel coronary disease. Patients having balloon angioplasty in the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation (BARI) and those within the Dynamic Registry meeting BARI eligibility criteria were studied. Methods and Results—Clinical features and in-hospital and 1-year outcomes of 857 BARI-eligible patients in the Dynamic

V. S. Srinivas; Maria Mori Brooks; Katherine M. Detre; Spencer B. King; Alice K. Jacobs; Janet Johnston; David O. Williams

2002-01-01

47

[Coronary-subclavian steal syndrome, a complication following surgical revascularization of myocardium].  

PubMed

Coronary-subclavian steal syndrome (CSS) is defined as a reversal of flow in a previously constructed internal mammary artery coronary conduit, producing myocardial ischemia. The most often cause is a proximal subclavian artery stenosis or closure. For the first time was CSS described in 1974 and initially was believed to be rare. However, today is the internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending coronary artery used in cardiosurgery as a standard and we can see increasing documentation of this phenomenon. A case report is presented and possibilities of management are discussed in the article. PMID:23256834

Gloger, V

2012-11-01

48

Influence of On-Pump Versus Off-Pump Techniques and Completeness of Revascularization on Long-Term Survival After Coronary Artery Bypass  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (OPCABG) may be associated with reduced mor- bidity and in-hospital mortality. In this study, we report the influence of surgery type, number of grafts, and the Index of Completeness of Revascularization (ICOR), namely, the number of grafts\\/number diseased vessel systems, on long-term survival. Methods. From 1997 to 2006, 12,812 consecutive patients underwent isolated

Omar M. Lattouf; Vinod H. Thourani; Patrick D. Kilgo; Michael E. Halkos; Kim T. Baio; Richard Myung; William A. Cooper; Robert A. Guyton; John D. Puskas

2010-01-01

49

Factors Related to the Selection of Surgical versus Percutaneous Revascularization in Diabetic Patients with Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease in the BARI 2D Trial  

PubMed Central

Objectives We evaluated demographic, clinical and angiographic factors influencing the selection of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery versus percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in diabetic patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) in the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes (BARI 2D) trial. Background Factors guiding selection of mode of revascularization for patients with DM and multivessel CAD are not clearly defined. Methods In BARI 2D, the selected revascularization strategy, CABG or PCI, was based on physician discretion, declared independent of randomization to either immediate or deferred revascularization if clinically warranted. We analyzed factors favoring selection of CABG versus PCI in 1593 diabetic patients with multivessel CAD enrolled between 2001 and 2005. Results Selection of CABG over PCI was declared in 44% of patients and was driven by angiographic factors including: triple vessel disease (OR=4.43), left anterior descending (LAD) stenosis ?70% (OR=2.86), proximal LAD stenosis ?50% (OR=1.78), total occlusion (OR=2.35), and multiple class C lesions (OR=2.06), (all p< 0.005). Non-angiographic predictors of CABG included: age ? 65 years (OR=1.43, p=0.011), and non-US region (OR=2.89, p=0.017). Absence of prior PCI (OR=0.45, p<0.001), and the availability of drug-eluting stents (DES) conferred a lower probability of choosing CABG (OR=0.60, p=0.003). Conclusions The majority of diabetic patients with multivessel disease were selected for PCI rather than CABG. Preference for CABG over PCI was largely based on angiographic features related to the extent, location, and nature of CAD, as well as geographic, demographic and clinical factors. PMID:19463459

Kim, Lauren J.; King, Spencer B.; Kent, Kenneth; Brooks, Maria Mori; Kip, Kevin E.; Abbott, J. Dawn; Jacobs, Alice K.; Rihal, Charanjit; Hueb, Whady A.; Alderman, Edwin; Sing, Ivan R. Pena; Attubato, Michael J.; Feit, Frederick

2013-01-01

50

Relation between coronary calcium and major bleeding after percutaneous coronary intervention in acute coronary syndromes (from the Acute Catheterization and Urgent Intervention Triage Strategy and Harmonizing Outcomes With Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trials).  

PubMed

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of calcified coronary lesions has been associated with increased rates of adverse ischemic events. However, the potential association between the presence and severity of calcific deposits and bleeding complications has yet to be investigated. Data from 6,855 patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS) or ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with PCI were pooled from 2 large-scale randomized controlled trials-Acute Catheterization and Urgent Intervention Triage Strategy and Harmonizing Outcomes with Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction. Patients were stratified into 3 groups according the grade of target PCI lesion calcium (none to mild, moderate, and severe) as assessed by an independent angiographic core laboratory. Thirty-day bleeding event rates were assessed and compared among groups. In the total cohort undergoing PCI, none-to-mild target lesion calcium was found in 4,665 patients (68.1%), moderate target lesion calcium in 1,788 patients (26.1%), and severe target lesion calcium in 402 patients (5.9%). The 30-day rates of non-coronary artery bypass graft surgery major bleeding increased significantly with each degree of coronary calcium (none to mild = 5.9%, moderate = 7.2%, and severe = 11.2%, p = 0.0003). By multivariable analysis, presence of severe calcium was an independent predictor of non-coronary artery bypass graft major bleeding after PCI (hazard ratio 1.54, 95% confidence interval 1.09 to 2.17, p = 0.01). In conclusion, in patients undergoing PCI for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, target lesion coronary calcium was an independent predictor of major bleeding events. Further studies are needed to elucidate mechanisms underlying this finding and to optimize treatment of this high-risk population. PMID:24440325

Généreux, Philippe; Madhavan, Mahesh V; Mintz, Gary S; Maehara, Akiko; Kirtane, Ajay J; Palmerini, Tullio; Tarigopula, Madhusudhan; McAndrew, Tom; Lansky, Alexandra J; Mehran, Roxana; Brener, Sorin J; Stone, Gregg W

2014-03-15

51

Influence of Frailty and Health Status on Outcomes in Patients with Coronary Disease Undergoing Percutaneous Revascularization  

PubMed Central

Background While older patients frequently undergo percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), frailty, comorbidity, and quality of life (QOL) are seldom part of risk prediction approaches. We assessed their incremental prognostic value over and above the risk factors in the Mayo Clinic risk score (MCRS). Methods and Results Patients ? 65 years who underwent PCI were assessed for frailty (Fried criteria), comorbidity (Charlson index), and QOL [SF-36]. Of the 628 discharged [median follow-up of 35.0 months (IQR, 22.7-42.9)], 78 died and 72 had an MI. Three year mortality was 28% for frail patients, 6% for non-frail patients. The respective 3-year rates of death or MI were 41% and 17%. Following adjustment, frailty [hazard ratio (HR) 4.19 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.85, 9.51], physical component score of the SF-36 (HR, 1.59; 95% CI, 1.24-2.02), and comorbidity, (HR, 1.10; 95% CI, 1.05, 1.16) were associated with mortality. Frailty was associated with mortality/MI (HR, 2.61, 1.52, 4.50). Models with conventional MCRS had C-statistics of 0.628, 0.573 for mortality and mortality/MI respectively. Adding frailty, QOL, and comorbidity, the C statistic was (0.675, 0.694, 0.671) for mortality, and (0.607, 0.587, 0.576) for mortality/MI respectively. Including frailty, comorbidities, and SF-36, conferred a discernible improvement to predict death and death/MI (integrated discrimination improvement 0.027 and 0.016 and net reclassification improvement of 43% and 18% respectively). Conclusions Following PCI, frailty, comorbidity and poor QOL are prevalent and are associated with adverse long-term outcomes. Their inclusion improves the discriminatory ability of the MCRS derived from the routine cardiovascular risk factors. PMID:21878670

Singh, Mandeep; Rihal, Charanjit S; Lennon, Ryan J; Spertus, John A; Nair, K Sreekumaran; Roger, Veronique L

2014-01-01

52

Early outcome of off-pump versus on-pump coronary revascularization  

PubMed Central

Introduction The use of coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) or without CPB technique (off-pump) can be associated with different mortality and morbidity and their outcomes remain uncertain. The goal of this study was to evaluate the early outcome of on-pump versus off-pump CABG. Methods We conducted a retrospective database review of 13866 patients (13560 patients undergoing on-pump CABG and 306 patients undergoing off-pump CABG) at Tehran Heart Center between January 2002 and January 2007. We compared preoperative, operative, and postoperative characteristics between them. Results In-hospital mortality in the on-pump group was 0.8% compared to 0.7% in the off-pump group (P=0.999) and in-hospital morbidity was 11.7% and 6.5%, respectively (OR: 1.533, 95%CI: 0.902-2.605, P=0.114). Postoperative atrial fibrillation was more prevalent in on-pump versus off-pump surgery (6.0% vs 3.0%, P=0.028), however there were no statistical significant differences in other postoperative complications with regard to cardiac arrest (P=0.733), prolonged ventilation (P=0.363), brain stroke (P=0.999), renal failure (P=0.525), and postoperative bleeding (P=0.999). The mean length of stay in hospital (P=0.156) and in ICU (P=0.498) was also similar between the two groups. Conclusion The results from an Iranian population-based study showed similar early mortality and morbidity of off-pump CABG in comparison to on-pump surgery.

Davoodi, Saeed; Karimi, Abbasali; Ahmadi, Seyed Hossein; Marzban, Mehrab; Movahhedi, Namvar; Abbasi, Kyomars; Omran, Abbas Salehi; Shirzad, Mahmood; Sheikhvatan, Mehrdad; Abbasi, Seyed Hesameddin; Bina, Payvand

2014-01-01

53

Complete versus culprit-only revascularization during primary percutaneous coronary intervention in ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients with multivessel disease: a meta-analysis.  

PubMed

Complete versus culprit-only revascularization in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with multivessel disease is controversial. Current guidelines recommend treatment of the culprit artery alone during the primary procedure. However, with improvements in stent technique and with the use of new antiplatelet drugs (GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors), complete revascularization (CR) at an early stage is attracting increasing attention. We conducted an English language search on Medline (PubMed database), Embase, and the Cochrane databases between January 1966 and January 2011, as well as a search on the China National Knowledge Internet (1979-January 2011), and the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (1978-January 2011). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or non-RCTs that compared the two strategies in patients with STEMI and multivessel disease (MVD) during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were included. Thirteen articles were selected, 8240 patients in the CR group and 51,998 in the culprit-only revascularization group. CR was associated with an increased short-term mortality [odds ratio (OR) = 1.39, 95% confidence interval (CI) = (1.26, 1.53)], a long-term mortality [OR = 1.35, 95% CI = (1.09, 1.67)], and an increased risk of renal failure [OR (95% CI) = 1.24 (1.11, 1.38)] in patients with STEMI and MVD at the primary procedure. In addition, CR did not reduce the rate of short-term major adverse cardiac events [OR (95% CI) = 1.52 (0.88, 2.61)] and remyocardial infarction [OR = 0.57, 95% CI = (0.25, 1.29)]. However, CR was associated with a marked reduction in the rate of revascularization [OR = 0.45, 95% CI = (0.27, 0.74)]. This analysis of current available data demonstrates that CR during primary PCI can put those patients with STEMI and MVD at risk. To clarify this issue, large RCTs are needed. PMID:23465417

Lu, Cong; Huang, Hao; Li, Jing; Zhao, Jianxun; Zhang, Qing; Zeng, Zhi; Chen, Yucheng

2013-03-01

54

Ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome with or without revascularization: results from the PLATO trial  

PubMed Central

Aims The optimal platelet inhibition strategy for ACS patients managed without revascularization is unknown. We aimed to evaluate efficacy and safety of ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel in the non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) subgroup of the PLATO trial, in the total cohort, and in the subgroups managed with and without revascularization within 10 days of randomization. Methods and results We performed a retrospective analysis of the primary endpoint of cardiovascular death/myocardial infarction/stroke. Among 18 624 PLATO patients, 11 080 (59%) were categorized as NSTE-ACS at randomization. During the initial 10 days, 74% had angiography, 46% PCI, and 5% CABG. In NSTE-ACS patients, the primary endpoint was reduced with ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel [10.0 vs. 12.3%; hazard ratio (HR) 0.83; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.74–0.93], as was myocardial infarction (6.6 vs. 7.7%; HR 0.86; 95% CI = 0.74–0.99), cardiovascular death (3.7 vs. 4.9%; HR 0.77; 95% CI = 0.64–0.93), and all-cause death (4.3 vs. 5.8%; HR 0.76; 95% CI = 0.64–0.90). Major bleeding rate was similar between treatment groups (13.4 vs. 12.6%; HR 1.07; 95% CI = 0.95–1.19), but ticagrelor was associated with an increase in non-CABG major bleeding (4.8 vs. 3.8%; HR 1.28; 95% CI = 1.05–1.56). Within the first 10 days, 5366 (48.4%) patients were managed without revascularization. Regardless of revascularization or not, ticagrelor consistently reduced the primary outcome (HR 0.86 vs. 0.85, interaction P = 0.93), and all-cause death (HR 0.75 vs. 0.73, interaction P = 0.89) with no significant increase in overall major bleeding. Conclusion In patients with NSTE-ACS, benefit of ticagrelor over clopidogrel in reducing ischaemic events and total mortality was consistent with the overall PLATO trial, independent of actually performed revascularization during the initial 10 days. PMID:24727884

Lindholm, Daniel; Varenhorst, Christoph; Cannon, Christopher P; Harrington, Robert A; Himmelmann, Anders; Maya, Juan; Husted, Steen; Steg, Philippe Gabriel; Cornel, Jan H; Storey, Robert F; Stevens, Susanna R; Wallentin, Lars; James, Stefan K

2014-01-01

55

Multisystem Revascularization  

PubMed Central

Atherosclerosis affects all major vascular territories. Both surgical and endovascular revascularization techniques have evolved, with more and more patients presenting with disease in multiple vascular beds. This can lead to difficult decision-making and the potential for complications. In this article, we review the available literature to help the clinician decide on optimum sequence, timing, and mode of multisystem revascularization. PMID:21603446

Jaffery, Zehra; Grant, Arthur

2009-01-01

56

Multisystem revascularization.  

PubMed

Atherosclerosis affects all major vascular territories. Both surgical and endovascular revascularization techniques have evolved, with more and more patients presenting with disease in multiple vascular beds. This can lead to difficult decision-making and the potential for complications. In this article, we review the available literature to help the clinician decide on optimum sequence, timing, and mode of multisystem revascularization. PMID:21603446

Jaffery, Zehra; Grant, Arthur

2009-01-01

57

Intracoronary Compared to Intravenous Abciximab in Patients with ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Treated with Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Reduces Mortality, Target Vessel Revascularization and Reinfarction after 1 Year  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Administration of the glycoprotein IIb\\/IIIa inhibitor abciximab to patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) improves outcome. Data have suggested that an intracoronary (IC) bolus might be superior to the standard intravenous (IV) administration. We have previously reported reduced short-term mortality and need for target vessel revascularization (TVR) with the IC route.

Allan Zeeberg Iversen; Soeren Galatius; Ulrik Abildgaard; Anders Galloe; Peter Riis Hansen; Sune Pedersen; Thomas Engstroem; Jan Skov Jensen

2011-01-01

58

Acute coronary syndrome in a 100-year-old woman treated successfully with primary percutaneous coronary angioplasty  

PubMed Central

We present a case of a 100-year-old woman living alone with ST-elevation myocardial infarction acute coronary syndrome of the infero-lateral wall treated with percutaneous coronary intervention. Coronary angiography revealed critical 99% stenosis in the marginal branch of the circumflex artery and insignificant lesions in other arteries. Two bare metal stents were implanted successfully in the same session. The patient was discharged home in good general condition, able to live and function independently. PMID:24570714

Beckowski, Maciej; Szwed, Hanna; Ciszewski, Andrzej

2013-01-01

59

Inadvertent left aorto-coronary dissection following percutaneous coronary intervention treated successfully by bail-out left main coronary artery stenting  

PubMed Central

Left main coronary artery (LMCA) dissection occurs very rarely following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). It caused major consequences with no flow in coronary artery and requires immediate surgical or percutaneous intervention. We are reporting a case of 42-year-male patient who presented with effort angina. Coronary angiogram revealed significant stenosis in left anterior descending (LAD) and left circumflex (LCX) coronary artery. During removal of angioplasty balloon and guide wire after successfully stenting in LAD and balloon angioplasty in LCX, guiding catheter induced dissection of LMCA was happened. Subsequently, LMCA was stented; kissing balloon dilatation was done at carina & TIMI III flow re-established. PMID:24027361

Badnur, Srinivas C.; Nagesh, Chamrajnagar Mahadevappa; Patra, Soumya; Reddy, Babu; Manjunath, Cholenahally Nanjappa

2013-01-01

60

Two Different Successful Angioplasty Methods in Patients with Stenotic Coronary Artery Ectasia  

PubMed Central

There is no current guideline for percutaneous coronary angioplasty in stenotic ectatic coronary arteries because of the heterogeneity of the coronary artery morphology. We report two successful angioplasty cases in coronary artery ectasia with different clinical scenarios. One case showed atherosclerotic stenosis in the ectatic portion of the right coronary artery that was aggravated after a coronary artery bypass graft. In this case, balloon angioplasty alone without stenting showed acceptable results at the 6-month follow-up coronary angiography. In the other case, we used a peripheral artery balloon and stent for stenosis in the ectatic portion of a large coronary artery. Six-month follow-up coronary angiography showed excellent patency of the previously implanted peripheral stent. PMID:23323227

Oh, Suk-Kyu; Kook, Hyungdon; Kim, Dong Hyeok; Ho, Seo Young; Kim, Sun Hwa; Choi, Cheol Ung; Oh, Dong Joo

2012-01-01

61

ACCF/SCAI/STS/AATS/AHA/ASNC 2009 Appropriateness Criteria for Coronary Revascularization: A Report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Appropriateness Criteria Task Force, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, American Association for Thoracic Surgery, American Heart Association, and the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology: Endorsed by the American Society of Echocardiography, the Heart Failure Society of America, and the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography.  

PubMed

The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF), Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, and the American Association for Thoracic Surgery, along with key specialty and subspecialty societies, conducted an appropriateness review of common clinical scenarios in which coronary revascularization is frequently considered. The clinical scenarios were developed to mimic common situations encountered in everyday practice and included information on symptom status, extent of medical therapy, risk level as assessed by noninvasive testing, and coronary anatomy. Approximately 180 clinical scenarios were developed by a writing committee and scored by a separate technical panel on a scale of 1 to 9. Scores of 7 to 9 indicate that revascularization was considered appropriate and likely to improve health outcomes or survival. Scores of 1 to 3 indicate revascularization was considered inappropriate and unlikely to improve health outcomes or survival. The mid range (4 to 6) indicates a clinical scenario for which the likelihood that coronary revascularization would improve health outcomes or survival was considered uncertain. For the majority of the clinical scenarios, the panel only considered the appropriateness of revascularization irrespective of whether this was accomplished by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). In a select subgroup of clinical scenarios in which revascularization is generally considered appropriate, the appropriateness of PCI and CABG individually as the primary mode of revascularization was considered. In general, the use of coronary revascularization for patients with acute coronary syndromes and combinations of significant symptoms and/or ischemia was viewed favorably. In contrast, revascularization of asymptomatic patients or patients with low-risk findings on noninvasive testing and minimal medical therapy were viewed less favorably. It is anticipated that these results will have an impact on physician decision making and patient education regarding expected benefits from revascularization and will help guide future research. PMID:19131581

Patel, Manesh R; Dehmer, Gregory J; Hirshfeld, John W; Smith, Peter K; Spertus, John A

2009-03-10

62

ACCF/SCAI/STS/AATS/AHA/ASNC 2009 Appropriateness Criteria for Coronary Revascularization : a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Appropriateness Criteria Task Force, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, American Association for Thoracic Surgery, American Heart Association, and the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology. Endorsed by the American Society of Echocardiography, the Heart Failure Society of America, and the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography.  

PubMed

The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF), Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, and the American Association for Thoracic Surgery, along with key specialty and subspecialty societies, conducted an appropriateness review of common clinical scenarios in which coronary revascularization is frequently considered. The clinical scenarios were developed to mimic common situations encountered in everyday practice and included information on symptom status, extent of medical therapy, risk level as assessed by noninvasive testing, and coronary anatomy. Approximately 180 clinical scenarios were developed by a writing committee and scored by a separate technical panel on a scale of 1 to 9. Scores of 7 to 9 indicate that revascularization was considered appropriate and likely to improve health outcomes or survival. Scores of 1 to 3 indicate revascularization was considered inappropriate and unlikely to improve health outcomes or survival. The mid range (4 to 6) indicates a clinical scenario for which the likelihood that coronary revascularization would improve health outcomes or survival was considered uncertain. For the majority of the clinical scenarios, the panel only considered the appropriateness of revascularization irrespective of whether this was accomplished by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). In a select subgroup of clinical scenarios in which revascularization is generally considered appropriate, the appropriateness of PCI and CABG individually as the primary mode of revascularization was considered. In general, the use of coronary revascularization for patients with acute coronary syndromes and combinations of significant symptoms and/or ischemia was viewed favorably. In contrast, revascularization of asymptomatic patients or patients with low-risk findings on noninvasive testing and minimal medical therapy were viewed less favorably. It is anticipated that these results will have an impact on physician decision making and patient education regarding expected benefits from revascularization and will help guide future research. PMID:19127535

Patel, Manesh R; Dehmer, Gregory J; Hirshfeld, John W; Smith, Peter K; Spertus, John A; Masoudi, Frederick A; Brindis, Ralph G; Beckman, Karen J; Chambers, Charles E; Ferguson, T Bruce; Garcia, Mario J; Grover, Frederick L; Holmes, David R; Klein, Lloyd W; Limacher, Marian; Mack, Michael J; Malenka, David J; Park, Myung H; Ragosta, Michael; Ritchie, James L; Rose, Geoffrey A; Rosenberg, Alan B; Shemin, Richard J; Weintraub, William S; Wolk, Michael J; Allen, Joseph M; Douglas, Pamela S; Hendel, Robert C; Peterson, Eric D

2009-02-15

63

ACCF/SCAI/STS/AATS/AHA/ASNC 2009 Appropriateness Criteria for Coronary Revascularization: a report by the American College of Cardiology Foundation Appropriateness Criteria Task Force, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, American Association for Thoracic Surgery, American Heart Association, and the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology Endorsed by the American Society of Echocardiography, the Heart Failure Society of America, and the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography.  

PubMed

The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF), Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, and the American Association for Thoracic Surgery, along with key specialty and subspecialty societies, conducted an appropriateness review of common clinical scenarios in which coronary revascularization is frequently considered. The clinical scenarios were developed to mimic common situations encountered in everyday practice and included information on symptom status, extent of medical therapy, risk level as assessed by noninvasive testing, and coronary anatomy. Approximately 180 clinical scenarios were developed by a writing committee and scored by a separate technical panel on a scale of 1 to 9. Scores of 7 to 9 indicate that revascularization was considered appropriate and likely to improve health outcomes or survival. Scores of 1 to 3 indicate revascularization was considered inappropriate and unlikely to improve health outcomes or survival. The mid range (4 to 6) indicates a clinical scenario for which the likelihood that coronary revascularization would improve health outcomes or survival was considered uncertain. For the majority of the clinical scenarios, the panel only considered the appropriateness of revascularization irrespective of whether this was accomplished by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). In a select subgroup of clinical scenarios in which revascularization is generally considered appropriate, the appropriateness of PCI and CABG individually as the primary mode of revascularization was considered. In general, the use of coronary revascularization for patients with acute coronary syndromes and combinations of significant symptoms and/or ischemia was viewed favorably. In contrast, revascularization of asymptomatic patients or patients with low-risk findings on noninvasive testing and minimal medical therapy were viewed less favorably. It is anticipated that these results will have an impact on physician decision making and patient education regarding expected benefits from revascularization and will help guide future research. PMID:19195618

Patel, Manesh R; Dehmer, Gregory J; Hirshfeld, John W; Smith, Peter K; Spertus, John A

2009-02-10

64

ACCF/SCAI/STS/AATS/AHA/ASNC/HFSA/SCCT 2012 Appropriate use criteria for coronary revascularization focused update: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Appropriate Use Criteria Task Force, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, American Association for Thoracic Surgery, American Heart Association, American Society of Nuclear Cardiology, and the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography.  

PubMed

The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF), Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, and the American Association for Thoracic Surgery, along with key specialty and subspecialty societies, conducted an update of the appropriate use criteria (AUC) for coronary revascularization frequently considered. In the initial document, 180 clinical scenarios were developed to mimic patient presentations encountered in everyday practice and included information on symptom status, extent of medical therapy, risk level as assessed by noninvasive testing, and coronary anatomy. This update provides a reassessment of clinical scenarios the writing group felt to be affected by significant changes in the medical literature or gaps from prior criteria. The methodology used in this update is similar to the initial document, and the definition of appropriateness was unchanged. The technical panel scored the clinical scenarios on a scale of 1 to 9. Scores of 7 to 9 indicate that revascularization is considered appropriate and likely to improve patients' health outcomes or survival. Scores of 1 to 3 indicate revascularization is considered inappropriate and unlikely to improve health outcomes or survival. Scores in the mid-range (4 to 6) indicate a clinical scenario for which the likelihood that coronary revascularization will improve health outcomes or survival is uncertain. In general, as seen with the prior AUC, the use of coronary revascularization for patients with acute coronary syndromes and combinations of significant symptoms and/or ischemia is appropriate. In contrast, revascularization of asymptomatic patients or patients with low-risk findings on noninvasive testing and minimal medical therapy are viewed less favorably. The technical panel felt that based on recent studies, coronary artery bypass grafting remains an appropriate method of revascularization for patients with high burden of coronary artery disease (CAD). Additionally,percutaneous coronary intervention may have a role in revascularization of patients with high burden of CAD. The primary objective of the appropriate use criteria is to improve physician decision making and patient education regarding expected benefits from revascularization and to guide future research. PMID:22296741

Patel, Manesh R; Dehmer, Gregory J; Hirshfeld, John W; Smith, Peter K; Spertus, John A

2012-02-28

65

ACCF/SCAI/STS/AATS/AHA/ASNC/HFSA/SCCT 2012 appropriate use criteria for coronary revascularization focused update: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Appropriate Use Criteria Task Force, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, American Association for Thoracic Surgery, American Heart Association, American Society of Nuclear Cardiology, and the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography.  

PubMed

The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF), Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, and the American Association for Thoracic Surgery, along with key specialty and subspecialty societies, conducted an update of the appropriate use criteria (AUC) for coronary revascularization frequently considered. In the initial document, 180 clinical scenarios were developed to mimic patient presentations encountered in everyday practice and included information on symptom status, extent of medical therapy, risk level as assessed by noninvasive testing, and coronary anatomy. This update provides a reassessment of clinical scenarios the writing group felt to be affected by significant changes in the medical literature or gaps from prior criteria. The methodology used in this update is similar to the initial document, and the definition of appropriateness was unchanged. The technical panel scored the clinical scenarios on a scale of 1 to 9. Scores of 7 to 9 indicate that revascularization is considered appropriate and likely to improve patients' health outcomes or survival. Scores of 1 to 3 indicate revascularization is considered inappropriate and unlikely to improve health outcomes or survival. Scores in the mid-range (4 to 6) indicate a clinical scenario for which the likelihood that coronary revascularization will improve health outcomes or survival is uncertain. In general, as seen with the prior AUC, the use of coronary revascularization for patients with acute coronary syndromes and combinations of significant symptoms and/or ischemia is appropriate. In contrast, revascularization of asymptomatic patients or patients with low-risk findings on noninvasive testing and minimal medical therapy are viewed less favorably. The technical panel felt that based on recent studies, coronary artery bypass grafting remains an appropriate method of revascularization for patients with high burden of coronary artery disease (CAD). Additionally, percutaneous coronary intervention may have a role in revascularization of patients with high burden of CAD. The primary objective of the appropriate use criteria is to improve physician decision making and patient education regarding expected benefits from revascularization and to guide future research. PMID:22424518

Patel, Manesh R; Dehmer, Gregory J; Hirshfeld, John W; Smith, Peter K; Spertus, John A; Masoudi, Frederick A; Dehmer, Gregory J; Patel, Manesh R; Smith, Peter K; Chambers, Charles E; Ferguson, T Bruce; Garcia, Mario J; Grover, Frederick L; Holmes, David R; Klein, Lloyd W; Limacher, Marian C; Mack, Michael J; Malenka, David J; Park, Myung H; Ragosta, Michael; Ritchie, James L; Rose, Geoffrey A; Rosenberg, Alan B; Russo, Andrea M; Shemin, Richard J; Weintraub, William S; Wolk, Michael J; Bailey, Steven R; Douglas, Pamela S; Hendel, Robert C; Kramer, Christopher M; Min, James K; Patel, Manesh R; Shaw, Leslee; Stainback, Raymond F; Allen, Joseph M

2012-04-01

66

Does off-pump coronary revascularization confer superior organ protection in re-operative coronary artery surgery? A meta-analysis of observational studies  

PubMed Central

Off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) has been hypothesised to be beneficial in the high-risk patient population undergoing re-operative coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). In addition, this technique has been demonstrated to provide subtle benefits in end-organ function including heart, lungs and kidney. The aims of this study were to assess whether OPCAB is associated with a lower incidence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and other adverse outcomes in re-operative coronary surgery. Twelve studies, incorporating 3471 patients were identified by systematic literature review. These were meta-analysed using random-effects modelling. Primary endpoints were MACCE and other adverse outcomes including myocardial infarction, stroke, renal dysfunction, low cardiac output state, respiratory failure and atrial fibrillation. A significantly lower incidence of myocardial infarction, stroke, renal dysfunction, low cardiac output state, respiratory failure and atrial fibrillation was observed with OPCAB (OR 0.58; 95% CI (confidence interval) [0.39-0.87]; OR 0.37; 95% CI [0.17-0.79]; OR 0.39; 95% CI [0.24-0.63]; OR 0.14; 95% CI [0.04-0.56]; OR 0.36; 95% CI [0.24-0.54]; OR 0.41; 95% CI [0.22-0.77] respectively). Sub-group analysis using sample size, matching score and quality score was consistent with and reflected these significant findings. Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting reduces peri-operative and short-term major adverse outcomes in patients undergoing re-operative surgery. Consequently we conclude that OPCAB provides superior organ protection and a safer outcome profile in re-operative CABG. PMID:24961148

2014-01-01

67

Recurrence of coronary-subclavian steal syndrome after successful angioplasty of malfunctioning arteriovenous fistula.  

PubMed

We report a case of coronary-subclavian steal syndrome, which had been masked by a malfunctioning hemodialysis access vessel and then reappeared after a successful angioplasty of multiple stenoses in the arteriovenous fistula of the left arm in a 61-year-old man. This case suggests that coronary-subclavian steal syndrome should be considered before a coronary artery bypass grafting surgery using internal mammary artery conduit is done, especially when hemodialysis using the left arm vessels is expected. PMID:23236333

Han, Hyun-Jeong; Kang, Byung-Soo; Cho, Yun-Hyeong

2012-11-01

68

Successful extracorporeal circulatory support after aortic reimplantation of anomalous left coronary artery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of severe heart failure is the main cause of postoperative mortality after the surgical treatment of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA). Two patients with ALCAPA who developed low cardiac output and could not be weaned from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) after aortic reimplantation of the the anomalous left coronary artery were successfully

V. Alexi-Meskishvili; R. Hetzer; Y. Weng; M. Loebe; P. E. Lange; K. Ishino

1994-01-01

69

[Transmyocardial revascularization with laser].  

PubMed

Patients with severe angina pectoris, refractory to medical treatment, in which conventional revascularization (PTCA or bypass surgery) is not possible because they present advanced coronary artery disease with a poor distal bed, account for an important clinical problem due to an increasing incidence, combined with poor quality of life, an elevated risk of severe complications, repeated hospital admissions and high mortality rate. Laser transmyocardial revascularization provides a new therapeutic alternative for these patients. Although up to now there are only a few published series, with a small number of patients, the results obtained in the two ongoing multicentric studies in Europe and the United States (including more than 500 patients at present) are quite promising. It is a simple surgical procedure, but its associated mortality is not to be dismissed (in the beginning 12% and currently 5%), because patients are in an advanced evolutionary stage. In Spain this procedure has been available since April 1996 and the results have been encouraging. In our small series we have noted a significant symptomatic improvement and better quality of life. PMID:9717410

Guindo, J; Montiel, J; Ramírez, I; Margarit, L; Casas, I; Martínez, R; Delgado, L; Riba, J; Gurri, J; Serradell, A; Bayes de Luna, A; Caralps, J M

1998-01-01

70

Transradial percutaneous coronary interventions: indications, success rates & clinical outcome.  

PubMed

Before ten years, radial artery was discovered as a useful vascular access site for percutaneous coronary procedures. It has the advantage of reduced access site complications but is associated with specific technical challenges in comparison with the transfemoral approach. Although earlier data from a meta-analysis indicated higher procedure failure rates with radial--as compared to femoral access (7.2 vs. 2.4%), more recent data from prospective multicenter studies and large meta analysis showed significantly better outcomes with radial access versus femoral access in contemporary, real-world clinical settings of percutaneous cardiovascular procedures (e.g. PREVAIL-, PRESTO-ACS-studies). This includes also challenging coronary procedures in acute coronary syndromes (NSTEMI and STEMI) where the radial access was associated with fewer bleeding complications leading to better long-term outcomes. Transradial procedure failures can sometimes be due to variation in radial artery anatomy (e.g. vessel diameter, anomalous branching patterns, tortuosity) or risk factors for radial spasms (e.g. smoking, anxiety, vessel diameter, age, gender). Postprocedural radial occlusions (0.6-1.2%) seems strongly be related to these anatomical variances, which possibly may be reduced by the use of smaller catheter, however 5 French lumen diameter guiding catheter include limitations regarding treating options in complex coronary lesion. In conclusion, the transradial access for coronary angiography and interventions is not only to enhance patients comfort, but shows significant better long-term results due to less bleeding complications as compared to the femoral access. PMID:21275296

Dahm, Johannes B; van Buuren, Frank

2010-01-01

71

Combined endovascular and open revascularization.  

PubMed

The last decade has borne witness to a transformation in the care of patients with vascular disease. There has been a rapid transition towards minimally invasive techniques as interventionalists obtain increasingly advanced catheter-based skills and access to newer and more sophisticated devices. Patients who are not candidates for completely percutaneous revascularization, or those felt to be at prohibitive risk for traditional surgical reconstruction, may benefit from hybrid therapy, a combination of open surgery and endovascular repair that offers patients the opportunity for complete revascularization with decreased morbidity and mortality. This review examines applications of hybrid procedures for treating patients with disabling claudication and limb-threatening ischemia, aortic arch disease, thoracoabdominal aneurysms, extra-cranial carotid disease, and coronary artery disease. PMID:19359136

Slovut, David Paul; Sullivan, Timothy M

2009-01-01

72

Safety and Technical Success of Percutaneous Left Main Coronary Artery Stenting  

PubMed Central

Objective: Critical stenosis of left main coronary artery (LMCA) has always remained a challenge for interventional cardiologists. Conventionally Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) is done for these patients but recently Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) is also being tried more frequently, but data of PCI is scarce in this regard. Our objective was to determine the safety and technical success rate of percutaneous left main coronary artery stenting. Methods: This was 12 month follow up study conducted at Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS), Islamabad from 11th Jan 2012 to 11th Jan 2013. All symptomatic patients who underwent coronary angiogram at PIMS and were found to have either isolated LMCA disease or coexisting osteal Left Anterior Descending (LAD) artery disease were potentially eligible for the study. Patients who had previous surgical treatment for coronary artery disease and those with renal dysfunction requiring dialysis were excluded. Patients were counselled in detail regarding the pros and cons of PCI versus CABG.Those who opted for PCI were included in the study. All these patients were treated with percutaneous left main coronary artery stenting with or without osteal LAD stenting. Results: Seventy two patients had LMCA disease during angiogram. Fifteen patients opted for CABG. Four patients did not meet the inclusion criteria, whereas 53 patients were finally enrolled. Mean age of patients were 55.45±10.275 years. Twenty nine patients were with acute coronary syndrome and 22 presented with unstable angina.PCI with stenting was technically successful in all patients. One patient died three months after PCI, there was no other mortality. Conclusion: Our study showed that Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) to LMS has good technical success rate; the safety of the procedure is also acceptable. PMID:25097507

Ali, Liaqat; Malik, Shahid Nawaz; Khalid, Abdullah Bin; Sultan, Mehboob; Sadiq, Nadeem

2014-01-01

73

Successful embolization of iatrogenic ruptured coronary artery using Onyx: A new technique.  

PubMed

Abstract Iatrogenic perforation of coronary artery is rare during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI); however the complications are life-threatening. Patients in this clinical setting may be treated either by stent placement, closure of the perforation with fibrin glue or coils, or with emergency bypass surgery. Onyx, a new material that has been used successfully in cerebral arteries, represents a new and safe alternative. The advantage of Onyx is that it is easily injected through a microcatheter and it allows for a longer injection time having also the ability to reach difficult anatomical locations. We present the first case of successful embolization of a right coronary artery perforation during coronary angio graphy using Onyx. PMID:25110834

Asouhidou, I; Katsaridis, V

2014-12-01

74

Dissection and re-entry techniques and longer-term outcomes following successful percutaneous coronary intervention of chronic total occlusion.  

PubMed

New techniques involving dissection of the subintimal space and re-entry into the true lumen increase success rates in chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, their long-term safety and efficacy were unknown. This study included a series of consecutive patients who underwent CTO PCI. All patients who did not present events were contacted 12 to 18 months after their PCI. The combined incidence of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, ischemia-driven target-vessel revascularization (TVR), or reocclusion was assessed as our primary outcome. From January 2010 to January 2013, of 212 CTOs treated in our CTO program, 192 (91%) were successfully opened (in 179 patients). Follow-up data were available for 187 CTOs (97.4%), with 82 (44%) that were opened with dissection re-entry and 105 (56%) with conventional wire escalation techniques. At a median follow-up of 398 days, the primary outcome occurred in 18 of 179 CTOs treated (10.7%), driven by TVR. No patient died from cardiac causes. Eleven CTOs (15.2%) treated with dissection re-entry versus 7 CTOs (7.3%) treated with wire escalation presented with the primary outcome (p = 0.17). With multivariate adjustment, dissection re-entry techniques had no significant impact on outcomes. However, treatment of an in-stent occlusion was independently associated with TVR (hazards ratio >6.0, p <0.001). In conclusion, dissection re-entry techniques have minimal impact on long-term outcomes after CTO PCI, which are favorable in most patients. However, treatment of an in-stent occlusion and use of sirolimus-eluting stent were predictors of subsequent adverse outcomes. PMID:25242364

Rinfret, Stéphane; Ribeiro, Henrique Barbosa; Nguyen, Can Manh; Nombela-Franco, Luis; Ureña, Marina; Rodés-Cabau, Josep

2014-11-01

75

Thoracoscopic Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Transmyocardial laser revascularization is a promising surgical technique used to treat nonreconstructable ischemic heart disease. Recent clinical data show that this technique improves the regional perfusion of ischemic myocardium and reduces angina. Presently, transmyocardial laser revascularization requires an open, lateral thoracotomy. We report here the use of thoracoscopic techniques to perform transmyocardial laser revascularization in a closed chest fashion.Methods.

Brian J deGuzman; David B Lautz; Frederick Y Chen; Rita G Laurence; Rashid M Ahmad; Keith A Horvath; Lawrence H Cohn

1997-01-01

76

Functional Testing Underlying Coronary Revascularisation  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease; Vessel Disease; Stable Angina; Unstable Angina or Stabilized Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction; Patients With ST-elevated Myocardial Infarction; Revascularization of Culprit Coronary Artery

2014-08-08

77

Successful coronary intervention of circumflex artery originating from an anomalous left main coronary artery using a novel support catheter: a case report and review of literature.  

PubMed

Anomalous coronary arteries pose a great challenge during percutaneous intervention due to various technical factors. Inadequate guide support leads to significant obstacles for delivery of interventional devices to stenotic areas. Several methods have been proposed to overcome these obstacles. We present a novel technique where we used the Guideliner support catheter (Vascular Solutions, Inc.) to successfully intervene on a left circumflex coronary artery arising from a left main coronary artery anomalously arising from the right sinus of Valsalva. PMID:22147406

Thomas, Jimmy A; Patel, Jigar; Latif, Faisal

2011-12-01

78

Developing a new hybrid revascularization program: a road map for hospital managers and physician leaders.  

PubMed

Hybrid coronary revascularization, which involves minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass surgery using the left internal mammary artery to left anterior descending and percutaneous coronary intervention using drug-eluting stents for the remaining diseased coronary vessels, is an innovative approach to decrease the morbidity of conventional surgery. Little information is available to guide hospital managers and physician leaders in implementing a hybrid revascularization program. In this article, we describe the people-process-technology issues that managers and leaders are likely to encounter as they develop a hybrid revascularization program in their practice. PMID:22861054

Harjai, Kishore J; Samy, Sanjay; Pennypacker, Barbara; Onofre, Bonnie; Stanfield, Pamela; Yaeger, Lynne; Stapleton, Dwight; Esrig, Barry C

2012-12-01

79

Left ventricular remodeling after late revascularization correlates with baseline viability.  

PubMed

The ideal management of stable patients who present late after acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is still a matter of conjecture. We hypothesized that the extent of improvement in left ventricular function after successful revascularization in this subset was related to the magnitude of viability in the infarct-related artery territory. However, few studies correlate the improvement of left ventricular function with the magnitude of residual viability in patients who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention in this setting. In 68 patients who presented later than 24 hours after a confirmed first STEMI, we performed resting, nitroglycerin-enhanced, technetium-99m sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomography-myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) before percutaneous coronary intervention, and again 6 months afterwards. Patients whose baseline viable myocardium in the infarct-related artery territory was more than 50%, 20% to 50%, and less than 20% were divided into Groups 1, 2, and 3 (mildly, moderately, and severely reduced viability, respectively). At follow-up, there was significant improvement in end-diastolic volume, end-systolic volume, and left ventricular ejection fraction in Groups 1 and 2, but not in Group 3. We conclude that even late revascularization of the infarct-related artery yields significant improvement in left ventricular remodeling. In patients with more than 20% viable myocardium in the infarct-related artery territory, the extent of improvement in left ventricular function depends upon the amount of viable myocardium present. The SPECT-MPI can be used as a guide for choosing patients for revascularization. PMID:25120390

Goel, Pravin K; Bhatia, Tanuj; Kapoor, Aditya; Gambhir, Sanjay; Pradhan, Prasanta K; Barai, Sukanta; Tewari, Satyendra; Garg, Naveen; Kumar, Sudeep; Jain, Suruchi; Madhusudan, Ponnusamy; Murthy, Siddegowda

2014-08-01

80

Successful percutaneous treatment of anomalous left coronary artery from pulmonary artery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anomalous origin of the left main coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is an uncommon congenital condition seen in the adult population, with most patients developing symptoms in infancy.We describe successful closure of an ALCAPA in an adult using a percutaneous transcatheter approach in a patient with evidence of anterior wall ischemia believed to be the consequence of myocardial

N. Collins; J. Colman; L. Benson; M. Hansen; N. Merchant; E. Horlick

2007-01-01

81

Percutaneous coronary intervention in the Occluded Artery Trial: Procedural success, hazard, and outcomes over 5 years  

PubMed Central

Background The Occluded Artery Trial (OAT) was a 2,201-patient randomized clinical trial comparing routine stent-based percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) versus optimal medical therapy alone in stable myocardial infarction (MI) survivors with persistent infarct-related artery occlusion identified day 3 to 28 post MI. Intent-to-treat analysis showed no difference between strategies with respect to the incidence of new class IV congestive heart failure, MI, or death. The influence of PCI failure, procedural hazard, and crossover on trial results has not been reported. Methods Study angiograms were analyzed and adjudicated centrally. Factors associated with PCI failure were examined. Time-to-event analysis using the OAT primary outcome was performed by PCI success status. Landmark analysis (up to and beyond 30 days) partitioned early hazard versus late outcome according to treatment received. Results Percutaneous coronary intervention was adjudicated successful in >87%. Percutaneous coronary intervention failure rates were similar in US and non-US sites, and did not significantly influence outcome at 60 months (hazard ratio for success vs fail 0.79, 99% CI 0.45–1.40, P = .29). Partitioning of early procedural hazard revealed no late benefit for PCI (hazard ratio for PCI success vs medical therapy alone 1.06, 99% CI 0.75–1.50, P = .66). Conclusions Percutaneous coronary intervention failure and complication rates in the OAT were low. Neither PCI failure nor early procedural hazard substantively influenced the primary trial results. PMID:19699864

Buller, Christopher E.; Rankin, Jamie M.; Carere, Ronald G.; Buszman, Pawel E.; Pfisterer, Matthias E.; Dzavik, Vladimir; Thomas, Boban; Forman, Sandra; Ruzyllo, Witold; Mancini, G.B. John; Michalis, Lampros K.; Abreu, Pedro F.; Lamas, Gervasio A.; Hochman, Judith S.

2010-01-01

82

Left main coronary artery atresia and associated cardiac defects: report on concomitant surgical treatment.  

PubMed

A 9-year-old boy with congenital atresia of the left main coronary artery underwent myocardial revascularization. Coarctation of the aorta and ventricular septal defect were diagnosed at the age of 1 year. At age 7 years, the child presented with syncope while exercising. Preoperative evaluation included cardiac catheterization which revealed the unexpected finding of congenital atresia of the left main coronary artery with origin of the circumflex artery from the right coronary artery. Surgical correction included myocardial revascularization by means of left internal mammary artery graft to the anterior descending coronary artery, coarctation resection, and ventricular septal defect repair. The patient recovered uneventfully. We report the details of this extremely rare case with successful concomitant surgical management of the congenital coronary artery anomaly and the associated structural heart disease. PMID:23804483

Jatene, Marcelo; Juaneda, Ignacio; Miranda, Rogerio Dos Anjos; Gato, Rafaella; Marcial, Miguel Lorenzo Barbero

2011-10-01

83

Emergency revascularization procedures in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction due to acute total occlusion of unprotected left main coronary artery: a report of five cases.  

PubMed

Several studies have compared the efficacy of elective coronary artery stenting and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease. However, a definite reperfusion modality has yet to be established in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) due to acute total occlusion of ULMCA, which has catastrophic clinical results. We presented five patients (3 males, 2 females; mean age 59 years; range 53 to 67 years) with acute anterior STEMI and angiographically documented acute total occlusion of ULMCA. On presentation, all the patients had chest pain and four patients were in cardiogenic shock. All the patients were taken to the catheterization room with minimum delay. Intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation was used during coronary angiography in all the patients. Three patients underwent PCI and, after balloon predilatation, bare-metal stents were implanted and TIMI III flow was achieved. One patient who had atrial fibrillation on admission died on the 14th day of hospitalization after PCI due to pump failure. After diagnostic coronary angiography, two patients were submitted to surgery for emergency CABG. They both died, one within two hours of admission during preparation of the surgical team, and the other on the third postoperative day. Both were in cardiogenic shock on admission. PMID:20473018

Aygül, Nazif; Aygül, Meryem Ulkü; Ozdemir, Kurtulu?; Altunkeser, Bülent Behlül

2010-03-01

84

Revascularization surgery as a treatment concept for heart failure.  

PubMed

Patients with heart failure symptoms due to ischemic cardiomyopathy face a poor prognosis without adequate treatment. In these patients with viable ischemic myocardium, revascularization surgery is not a new but an established treatment concept. the CASS study, published in 1983, was already able to document the superiority of coronary artery revascularization in patients with poor left ventricular function. It is of utmost importance to predict regional functional recovery in order to assess viability and, thus, the indication for revascularization. Late gadoliniium enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance is the new gold standard. By applying this technique, it can be demonstrated that the transmural extent of a scar predicts segmental functional recovery. Numerous studies describe the predictors of survival of surgical revascularization, the indication and impact of medical antiarrhythmic treatment or choice of graft. In addition to conventional surgery, off-pump procedures, minimal extracorporeal circulation and hybrid revascularization have a special role in the treatment of patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. Surgical techniques and medical therapies continue to improve. The future revascularization in these patients will focus on improving results and making coronary artery bypass grafting for elective revascularization less invasive and safer. Technical evolution, including the use of robotics and anastomotic connectors, intraoperative imaging and protein enzyme therapies, have to be defined concerning their special impact in these patients. PMID:23888231

Ennker, J; Bauer, S; Ennker, I C

2013-01-01

85

Outcome of Coronary Bypass Surgery Versus Coronary Angioplasty in Diabetic Patients With Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. This study sought to compare the outcome of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) (n = 834) and coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) (n = 1805) in diabetic patients with multivessel coronary disease from an observational database.Background. There is concern about selection of revascularization in diabetic patients with multivessel coronary artery disease.Methods. Data were collected prospectively and entered into

William S Weintraub; Bernardo Stein; Andrzej Kosinski; John S Douglas; Ziyad M. B Ghazzal; Ellis L Jones; Douglas C Morris; Robert A Guyton; Joseph M Craver; Spencer B King

1998-01-01

86

Carotid artery duplex scanning in preoperative assessment for coronary artery revascularization: The association between peripheral vascular disease, carotid artery stenosis, and stroke  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify high-risk populations for severe carotid artery disease (SCD) and neurologic events (NE) after nonemergency isolated coronary artery bypass graft procedures (CABG).Methods: Between February 1989 and July 1992, 387 patients underwent preoperative carotid artery duplex scanning as part of a preoperative assessment for nonemergency cardiac procedures. Of these patients, 376 had isolated

Gary C. Salasidis; David A. Latter; Oren K. Steinmetz; Jean-Francois Blair; Alan M. Graham

1995-01-01

87

Enhanced External Counterpulsation as Initial Revascularization Treatment for Angina Refractory to Medical Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is effective in patients with angina refractory to medical therapy or revascularization. However, as a noninvasive treatment it should perhaps be considered the first-line treatment with invasive revascularization reserved for EECP failures or high-risk patients. The International EECP Patient Registry was used to analyze a cohort of patients with prior percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and\\/or coronary

C. P. Fitzgerald; W. E. Lawson; J. C. K. Hui; E. D. Kennard

2003-01-01

88

Percutaneous Recanalization of Coronary Chronic Total Occlusions: Current Devices and Specialized Wire Crossing Techniques  

PubMed Central

Treatment of coronary chronic total occlusions (CTOs) remains a challenging obstacle, posing a considerable barrier to achieving successful complete revascularization. By nature of their complexity, percutaneous CTO interventions are associated with lower rates of procedural success, higher complication rates, greater radiation exposure and longer procedure times compared with non-CTO interventions. In the last few years, development in guidewires, devices and the emergence of new techniques from Japanese centers resulted in higher success rates in the hands of experienced operators. The impact of drug eluting stents on restenosis has improved long-term outcomes after successful recanalization. Successful revascularization is associated with improved long-term survival, reduced symptoms, improved left ventricular function and reduced need for coronary bypass surgery. This paper reviews the current devices and specialized crossing techniques of percutaneous intervention to relieve CTOs. PMID:20514329

2010-01-01

89

Value of Reversed Saphenous Vein in Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass graft procedures are gaining acceptance for revision as well as primary coronary revascularization. When suitable, the left and right internal mammary arteries are preferred as bypass conduits; in other cases, the greater saphenous vein, used for standard coronary artery bypass graft procedures, may be useful to revascularize coronary artery branches during minimally invasive

V. R. Machiraju; Michael H. Culig; Richard L. Heppner; Ricci A. Minella; James D O’Toole

1998-01-01

90

Early detection of restenosis after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty by exercise-redistribution thallium scintigraphy  

SciTech Connect

The value of exercise testing and thallium scintigraphy in predicting recurrence of angina pectoris and restenosis after a primary successful transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) was prospectively evaluated. In 89 patients, a symptom-limited exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) and thallium scintigraphy were performed 4 weeks after they had undergone successful PTCA. Thereafter, the patients were followed for 6.4 +/- 2.5 months (mean +/- standard deviation) or until recurrence of angina. They all underwent a repeat coronary angiography at 6 months or earlier if symptoms recurred. PTCA was considered successful if the patients had no symptoms and if the stenosis was reduced to less than 50% of the luminal diameter. Restenosis was defined as an increase of the stenosis to more than 50% luminal diameter. The ability of the thallium scintigram (presence of a reversible defect) to predict recurrence of angina was 66%, vs 38% for the exercise ECG (ST-segment depression or angina at peak workload). Restenosis was predicted in 74% of patients by thallium scintigraphy, but only in 50% of patients by the exercise ECG. Thus, thallium scintigraphy was highly predictive but the exercise ECG was not (p less than 0.005). These results suggest that restenosis had occurred to some extent already at 4 weeks after the PTCA in most patients in whom it was going to occur.

Wijns, W.; Serruys, P.W.; Reiber, J.H.; de Feyter, P.J.; van den Brand, M.; Simoons, M.L.; Hugenholtz, P.G.

1985-02-01

91

Outcomes of patients treated with triple antithrombotic therapy after primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (from the Harmonizing Outcomes With Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction [HORIZONS-AMI] trial).  

PubMed

In the setting of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), patients at high risk of systemic emboli who undergo primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using stents might require triple antithrombotic therapy (a combination of aspirin, thienopyridine, and vitamin K antagonist [VKA]). The risks and benefits of such therapy in the setting of STEMI have been incompletely characterized. We, therefore, assessed the outcomes of patients who received triple therapy after primary PCI in the large-scale, contemporary Harmonizing Outcomes with Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction [HORIZONS-AMI] trial. Among the 3,320 patients triaged to primary PCI, 126 (3.8%) were prescribed triple therapy and 3,194 (96.2%) were prescribed dual antiplatelet therapy. The most frequent indications for VKA treatment were a severely reduced left ventricular ejection fraction with a large akinetic area, atrial fibrillation (23.8% each), and mural thrombus (23.0%). The assignment to triple therapy was associated with older age, female gender, rhythm disturbances, Killip class > 1 on admission, lower left ventricular ejection fraction, left anterior descending artery territory infarcts, and Final Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade < 3. Patients treated with triple versus dual therapy had comparable short- and long-term ischemic outcomes but had significantly increased rates of major bleeding during the index hospitalization (17.1% vs 6.5%, p < 0.0001), resulting in premature VKA discontinuation in 14.3% of those patients. In conclusion, in the setting of STEMI treated with primary PCI, the combination of aspirin, thienopyridine, and VKA results in an excess of bleeding complications and premature discontinuation of VKA. The risk of adding oral anticoagulation to patients admitted for STEMI should be carefully considered before choosing drug-eluting or bare metal stents. PMID:22196778

Nikolsky, Eugenia; Mehran, Roxana; Dangas, George D; Yu, Jennifer; Parise, Helen; Xu, Ke; Pocock, Stuart J; Stone, Gregg W

2012-03-15

92

Effects of Glycoprotein IIb\\/IIIa Receptor Inhibition with Tirofiban on Minor Myocardial Damage in Angiographically Successful Percutaneous Coronary Angioplasty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of glycoprotein (GP) IIb\\/IIIa inhibition on minor myocardial injury characterized by cardiac troponin I (cTn-I) and cardiac troponin T (cTn-T) elevation after elective successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: The study consisted of 119 consecutive patients scheduled for elective coronary balloon angioplasty with or without stent implantation. Sixty-three patients

Ertan Okmen; Arda Sanli; Huseyin Uyarel; Sennur Dayi; Zeynep Tartan; Nese Cam

2004-01-01

93

Long-term clinical events following creatine kinase–myocardial band isoenzyme elevation after successful coronary stenting  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVEWe sought to evaluate the impact of intermediate creatine kinase–myocardial band isoenzyme (CK-MB) elevation on late clinical outcomes in patients undergoing successful stent implantation in native coronary arteries.BACKGROUNDElevations of CK-MB after percutaneous coronary interventions are frequent. An association between high level of CK-MB elevation (>5 times normal) and late mortality after balloon and new device angioplasty has been reported previously.

Jorge F Saucedo; Roxana Mehran; George Dangas; Mun K Hong; Alexandra Lansky; Kenneth M Kent; Lowell F Satler; Augusto D Pichard; Gregg W Stone; Martin B Leon

2000-01-01

94

Cardiac arrest during percutaneous coronary intervention in a patient 'resistant' to clopidogrel - successful 50-minute mechanical chest compression  

PubMed Central

We report a case of 72-year-old female patient with end-stage chronic kidney disease, undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) that resulted in a cardiac arrest caused by a thrombus mediated flow limitation in the left coronary artery. With mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) PCI of the left main artery was performed successfully during 50 min cardiac arrest. The patient was discharged from the hospital without compromising cardiac function and neurological deficits. PMID:24570760

Szymkiewicz, Pawel; Sciborski, Krzysztof; Orda, Alina; Karolko, Bozena; Jonkisz, Anna; Lebioda, Arleta; Mysiak, Andrzej

2013-01-01

95

Coronary artery disease and diabetes mellitus.  

PubMed

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Near-normal glycemic control does not reduce cardiovascular events. For many patients with 1- or 2-vessel coronary artery disease, there is little benefit from any revascularization procedure over optimal medical therapy. For multivessel coronary disease, randomized trials demonstrated the superiority of coronary artery bypass grafting over multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with treated DM. However, selection of the optimal myocardial revascularization strategy requires a multidisciplinary team approach ('heart team'). This review summarizes the current evidence regarding the effectiveness of various medical therapies and revascularization strategies in patients with DM. PMID:25091969

Aronson, Doron; Edelman, Elazer R

2014-08-01

96

Successful Endovascular Aneurysm Repair for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in a Patient with Severe Coronary Artery Disease Undergoing Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting  

PubMed Central

It is well known that patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) often have concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD). In cases of AAA with severe CAD requiring coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), two therapeutic strategies regarding the timing of CABG can be considered: staged or simultaneous operations. However, the ideal treatment of patients with large AAA and critical CAD remains controversial. We experienced a case of successful endovascular aneurysm repair after off-pump CABG in a 70-year-old patient who had a huge AAA and critical CAD. PMID:24855606

Kim, Sun Min; Cho, Jae Yeong; Kim, Ju Han; Park, Keun-Ho; Sim, Doo Sun; Hong, Young Joon; Ahn, Youngkeun

2014-01-01

97

Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery: Successful surgical strategy without assist devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this review was to analyze a surgical strategy for children with anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) where aortic implantation was successful without the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) or left ventricular assist device (LVAD). From 1989 through 1999, 16 consecutive children underwent aortic implantation for ALCAPA. Median age was

Carl L. Backer; Neal Hillman; Ali Dodge-Khatami; Constantine Mavroudis

2000-01-01

98

Repair of anomalous left coronary artery from pulmonary artery in an infant with respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis.  

PubMed

In anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA), infants 6 to 12 weeks will often present with symptoms consistent with reflux or bronchiolitis. In those infants diagnosed with both ALCAPA and concomitant active respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis, others have reported delaying revascularization therapy until resolution of the RSV bronchiolitis. Here, we report the case of a three-month-old infant, diagnosed with ALCAPA and active RSV bronchiolitis, who underwent successful myocardial revascularization within 24 hours of presentation and diagnosis. PMID:23804788

Kirsch, Roxanne E; Dimaria, Michael; Quartermain, Michael D; Meaney, Peter A; Fuller, Stephanie

2012-04-01

99

Functional assessment of multivessel coronary artery disease: ischemia-guided percutaneous coronary intervention.  

PubMed

Invasive evaluation and treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) has traditionally been based upon coronary angiography to determine the need for and the success of revascularization. However, coronary angiography augmented with fractional flow reserve (FFR) creates a paradigm shift, providing a more complete functional assessment of coronary lesions. Measuring FFR to identify ischemic lesions and guide revascularization results in fewer adverse outcomes, including persistent angina, myocardial infarction, and mortality. An ischemic lesion identified by FFR is more likely to lead to adverse events when compared with an angiographically similar lesion with nonischemic FFR when both are treated medically. Although the mechanism explaining this is unclear, it is likely multifactorial, including the impact of mechanical forces, upregulation of inflammatory mediators, and the amount of distal myocardial tissue at risk. Using both anatomic and ischemia-guided assessments (such as the Functional SYNTAX Score) aids in the therapeutic decision-making process in patients with multivessel CAD. This review focuses on the evidence for FFR-guided management of multivessel CAD. PMID:25072658

Schwartz, Jonathan G; Fearon, William F

2014-09-01

100

Myocardial revascularization with the left internal thoracic artery Y graft configuration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The proved long-term patency of the left internal thoracic artery (LITA) has made it the conduit of choice for myocardial revascularization. Maximal utilizable LITA length can be achieved by using a semi-skeletonizing harvest technique. Expanded LITA use with sequential and Y graft techniques allows for a wider territory of myocardial revascularization.Methods. A retrospective analysis of 30 patients undergoing coronary

M. Keith Odayan; Hugh S Paterson

1999-01-01

101

Off-Pump Myocardial Revascularization in a High-Risk Patient with Essential Thrombocythemia  

PubMed Central

Essential thrombocythemia is a rare type of myeloproliferative disorder. Cerebral, myocardial, and peripheral thrombosis are all frequent complications of the disease. A 71-year-old man presented with severe coronary artery disease, associated with cerebral vascular ischemic changes and erythromelalgia. His platelet count was 1,486 ×103/?L. The patient underwent successful myocardial revascularization by means of an off-pump technique after his platelet count had been reduced by hydroxycarbamide administration. We conclude that the use of off-pump cardiopulmonary bypass in high-risk patients with essential thrombocythemia is safe. Reducing platelet count via the administration of hydroxycarbamide and the careful balancing of antiplatelets and anticoagulants is crucial in determining the outcome of surgery.

Darwazah, Ahmad K.; Madi, Hamad; Zagha, Rami; Hawash, Yahia

2014-01-01

102

Full myocardial revascularization with bilateral internal mammary artery Y grafts  

PubMed Central

Background Bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) grafting in coronary artery surgery provides better long term outcomes than single internal mammary artery and saphenous vein grafting but the optimum configuration of BIMAs has not been established. This study analyzed perioperative and late outcomes of patients who underwent BIMA grafting with a composite Y configuration. Methods Patients (n=922) who underwent BIMA Y grafting were identified from a cardiac surgical database and then cross matched against hospital and cardiology databases and the state death register to identify episodes of repeat coronary angiography, cardiac surgical re-intervention and death. Analysis of repeat angiography was performed after retrieval of the angiogram reports. Results In 95% of patients, full myocardial revascularization was achieved with BIMAs alone, using a composite Y configuration with an average of 4.1 IMA to coronary artery anastomoses per patient. The perioperative mortality was 1.5% and the 5-, 10- and 15-year survival estimates were 95%, 87% and 77% respectively. Analysis of 166 symptom-driven post-discharge coronary angiograms showed grafts to the left anterior descending artery and increasing severity of coronary artery stenosis at preoperative angiography as predictors of anastomotic patency. Conclusions Full myocardial revascularization can be achieved with reasonable safety in most patients with triple vessel disease and good left ventricular function, and provides good late survival. PMID:23977621

Naidoo, Rishendran; Byth, Karen; Chen, Cheng; Denniss, A. Robert

2013-01-01

103

Revascularization grading in endovascular acute ischemic stroke therapy  

PubMed Central

Background: Recanalization and angiographic reperfusion are key elements to successful endovascular and interventional acute ischemic stroke (AIS) therapy. Intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA), the only established revascularization therapy approved by the US Food & Drug Administration for AIS, may be less effective for large artery occlusion. Thus, there is enthusiasm for endovascular revascularization therapies, which likely provide higher recanalization rates, and trials are ongoing to determine clinical efficacy and compare various methods. It is anticipated that clinical efficacy will be well correlated with revascularization of viable tissue in a timely manner. Method: Reporting, interpretation, and comparison of the various revascularization grading methods require agreement on measurement criteria, reproducibility, ease of use, and correlation with clinical outcome. These parameters were reviewed by performing a Medline literature search from 1965 to 2011. This review critically evaluates current revascularization grading systems. Results and Conclusion: The most commonly used revascularization grading methods in AIS interventional therapy trials are the thrombolysis in cerebral ischemia (TICI, pronounced “tissy”) and thrombolysis in myocardial ischemia (TIMI) scores. Until further technical and imaging advances can incorporate real-time reliable perfusion studies in the angio-suite to delineate regional perfusion more accurately, the TICI grading system is the best defined and most widely used scheme. Other grading systems may be used for research and correlation purposes. A new scale that combines primary site occlusion, lesion location, and perfusion should be explored in the future. PMID:23008384

Lazzaro, M.A.; Liebeskind, D.S.; Janjua, N.; Wechsler, L.; Nogueira, R.G.; Edgell, R.C.; Kalia, J.S.; Badruddin, A.; English, J.; Yavagal, D.; Kirmani, J.F.; Alexandrov, A.V.; Khatri, P.

2012-01-01

104

Successful treatment of primary cardiac lymphoma causing ST-elevation myocardial infarction by percutaneous coronary intervention combined with chemotherapy.  

PubMed

A 76-year-old immunocompetent woman presented to our hospital with general fatigue. Her blood pressure was 60/40?mm?Hg and pulse rate was 110?bpm. An electrocardiogram showed ST-elevation in the II, III and aVF leads with complete atrioventricular block. An echocardiogram and CT revealed pericardial effusion and a 6?cm solid tumour lying anterior to the heart. The right coronary artery (RCA) ran through the centre of the tumour, which bulged into the right atrium for 35?mm and vibrated. Emergent coronary angiography revealed 99% stenosis with delay at the proximal RCA; however, intravascular ultrasound showed no atheromatous changes, and the RCA was compressed by the extravascular mass. Successful coronary stenting improved the coronary flow. The following day, a biopsy was performed via thoracotomy without any events, the results of which showed diffuse-type large B-cell lymphoma histologically. Chemotherapy gradually reduced the tumour size, and the patient became stable haemodynamically. PMID:25404253

Nagatomo, Daisuke; Oyama, Jun-Ichi; Yoshihara, Mari; Node, Koichi

2014-01-01

105

Directional coronary atherectomy: from therapeutic device to research tool in coronary artery disease.  

PubMed

Directional coronary atherectomy (DCA) was introduced as a new percutaneous revascularization modality in 1990, and was initially applied to large vessels without tortuosity or calcification, with overall results including a 95% procedural success, 94% clinical success and 4.6% major complications (urgent bypass surgery in 3.8%, Q wave myocardial infarction in 1.7%, and hospital mortality in 0.3% of patients). In addition to its established efficacy for eccentric lesions, newer applications emerged such as treatment of saphenous vein grafts, thrombus-associated lesions, aorto-ostial lesions, failed or suboptional coronary angioplasty results, bifurcation lesions and use as a part of multi-vessel intervention. Comparative studies with coronary angioplasty such as CAVEAT I and II and CCAT showed better success rates with DCA vs coronary angioplasty, but failed to demonstrate benefit in restenosis rates. OARS and BOAT studies helped define optimal atherectomy techniques, which led to better acute angiographic results and to the "debulking plus stenting" concept. A spin-off of those clinical applications has been the opportunity to study the histology of tissue excised by DCA in vivo in different clinical settings. Such studies, investigating plaque ulceration, thrombosis and inflammation are reviewed, with special emphasis on new insights into unstable angina; the future of atherectomy research is also outlined with a categorization of various possible protocols to be applied utilizing coronary atherectomy specimens from live patients. PMID:10371784

Di Sciascio, G; Patti, G

1999-04-01

106

The history of arterial revascularization: from Kolesov to Tector and beyond  

PubMed Central

Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the one of the most effective revascularization strategies for patients with obstructive coronary artery disease. Total arterial revascularization using one or both internal thoracic and radial arteries has been shown to improve early outcomes and reduce long-term cardiovascular morbidity. Although CABG has evolved from an experimental procedure in the early 1900’s to become one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures, there is still significant variation in grafting strategies amongst surgeons. We review the history and development of CABG with a particular emphasis on the early pioneers and the evolution of arterial grafting. PMID:23977617

Galvin, Sean D.

2013-01-01

107

Usefulness of dobutamine Tc99m sestamibi-gated single-photon emission computed tomography for prediction of left ventricular ejection fraction outcome after coronary revascularization for ischemic cardiomyopathy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging allows analysis of myocardial perfusion and assessment of baseline global and regional left ventricular (LV) function and their changes during low-dose dobutamine infusion. The study examined whether the changes in LV ejection fraction induced by dobutamine and evaluated using technetium-99m sestamibi- gated SPECT predict the evolution of ejection fraction after revascularization in patients

Mario Leoncini; Roberto Sciagrà; Mauro Maioli; Francesco Bellandi; Gabriella Marcucci; Stelvio Sestini; Silvia Chiocchini; Roberto P Dabizzi

2002-01-01

108

Different Impact of Diabetes Mellitus on In-Hospital and 1-Year Mortality in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction Who Underwent Successful Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Results from the Korean Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry  

PubMed Central

Background/Aims The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of diabetes mellitus (DM) on in-hospital and 1-year mortality in patients who suffered acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and underwent successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods Among 5,074 consecutive patients from the Korea AMI Registry with successful revascularization between November 2005 and June 2007, 1,412 patients had a history of DM. Results The DM group had a higher mean age prevalence of history of hypertension, dyslipidemia, ischemic heart disease, high Killip class, and diagnoses as non-ST elevation MI than the non-DM group. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and creatinine clearance were lower in the DM group, which also had a significantly higher incidence of in-hospital and 1-year mortality of hospital survivors (4.6% vs. 2.8%, p = 0.002; 5.0% vs. 2.5%, p < 0.001). A multivariate analysis revealed that independent predictors of in-hospital mortality were Killip class IV or III at admission, use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin-II receptor blockers, LVEF, creatinine clearance, and a diagnosis of ST-elevated MI but not DM. However, a multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that DM was an independent predictor of 1-year mortality (hazard ratio, 1.504; 95% confidence interval, 1.032 to 2.191). Conclusions DM has a higher association with 1-year mortality than in-hospital mortality in patients with AMI who underwent successful PCI. Therefore, even when patients with AMI and DM undergo successful PCI, they may require further intensive treatment and continuous attention. PMID:22707890

Park, Keun-Ho; Jeong, Myung Ho; Chae, Shung Chull; Hur, Seung Ho; Kim, Young Jo; Seong, In Whan; Chae, Jei Keon; Hong, Taek Jong; Cho, Myeong Chan; Bae, Jang Ho; Rha, Seung Woon; Jang, Yang Soo

2012-01-01

109

Multislice spiral computed tomography coronary angiography in patients with stable angina pectoris  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesThis study was designed to prospectively evaluate the diagnostic performance of multislice spiral computed tomography (MSCT) coronary angiography for the detection of significant lesions in all segments of the coronary tree potentially suitable for revascularization.

Nico R Mollet; Filippo Cademartiri; Koen Nieman; Francesco Saia; Pedro A Lemos; Eugene P McFadden; Peter M. T Pattynama; Patrick W Serruys; Gabriel P Krestin; Pim J de Feyter

2004-01-01

110

One-Year Survival Among Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction Complicated by Cardiogenic Shock, and its Relation to Early Revascularization Results From the GUSTO-I Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—Although 30-day survival is increased in patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock who undergo coronary revascularization, the longer-term outcome in such patients and the duration of benefit from revascularization are unknown. Methods and Results—We analyzed 30-day survivors of acute myocardial infarction in the Global Utilization of Streptokinase and Tissue-Plasminogen Activator for Occluded Coronary Arteries (GUSTO-I) trial and

Peter B. Berger; Robert H. Tuttle; David R. Holmes; Eric J. Topol; Philip E. Aylward; John H. Horgan; Robert M. Califf

111

Sequential thallium-201 myocardial perfusion studies after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary artery angioplasty: delayed resolution of exercise-induced scintigraphic abnormalities  

SciTech Connect

To characterize the sequential changes of myocardial perfusion scintigraphy in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) after complete revascularization, 43 patients underwent exercise thallium-201 (/sup 201/Tl) myocardial perfusion scintigraphy before and at 9 +/- 5 days, 3.3 +/- 0.6, and 6.8 +/- 1.2 months after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Only patients with single-vessel CAD, without previous myocardial infarction, and without evidence of restenosis at 6 to 9 months after PTCA were included. Perfusion scans were analyzed blindly with the use of a new quantitative method to define regional myocardial perfusion in the topographic distribution of each coronary artery, which was shown to be reproducible (r = .94 or higher and SEE of 7% or less, between repeated measures by one and two operators). At 4 to 18 days after PTCA, the mean treadmill walking time increased by 123 +/- 42 sec, mean exercise-induced ST segment depression decreased by 0.6 +/- 0.3 mm, group maximal heart rate increased by 20 +/- 9 beats/min, and group systolic blood pressure at peak exercise increased by 24 +/- 10 mm Hg, compared with pre-PTCA values (p less than .001). However, no group differences were noted in these variables between the three post-PTCA stages. Myocardial perfusion in the distribution of the affected (dilated) coronary artery, on the other hand, improved progressively. In the 45 degree left anterior oblique view for instance, myocardial perfusion increased at 9 days after PTCA (from 68 +/- 24% before PTCA to 91 +/- 9%, p less than .001) and at 3.3 months after PTCA (101 +/- 8%, p less than .05 vs 9 days after PTCA), but no further significant changes were seen at 6.8 months after PTCA (102 +/- 8%). Similar changes were noted in the other two views. No relationship between minor complications during PTCA and delayed improvement on the /sup 201/Tl was observed.

Manyari, D.E.; Knudtson, M.; Kloiber, R.; Roth, D.

1988-01-01

112

Adjunctive Strategies in the Management of Resistant, 'Undilatable' Coronary Lesions After Successfully Crossing a CTO with a Guidewire.  

PubMed

Successful revascularisation of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) remains one of the greatest challenges in the era of contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Such lesions are encountered with increasing frequency in current clinical practice. A predictable increase in the future burden of CTO management can be anticipated given the ageing population, increased rates of renal failure, graft failure and diabetes mellitus. Given recent advances and developments in CTO PCI management, successful recanalisation can be anticipated in the majority of procedures undertaken at high-volume centres when performed by expert operators. Despite advances in device technology, the management of resistant, calcific lesions remains one of the greatest challenges in successful CTO intervention. Established techniques to modify calcific lesions include the use of high-pressure non-compliant balloon dilation, cutting-balloons, anchor balloons and high speed rotational atherectomy (HSRA). Novel approaches have proven to be safe and technically feasible where standard approaches have failed. A step-wise progression of strategies is demonstrated, from well-recognised techniques to techniques that should only be considered when standard manoeuvres have proven unsuccessful. These methods will be described in the setting of clinical examples and include use of very high-pressure non-compliant balloon dilation, intentional balloon rupture with vessel dissection or balloon assisted micro-dissection (BAM), excimer coronary laser atherectomy (ECLA) and use of HSRA in various 'offlabel' settings. PMID:24694106

Fairley, Sara L; Spratt, James C; Rana, Omar; Talwar, Suneel; Hanratty, Colm; Walsh, Simon

2014-01-01

113

Utility of cardiac MRI in guiding revascularization therapy in unprotected left main stenosis: a case report.  

PubMed

Decision to select unprotected left main (ULM) stenting versus coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) depends on a multiplicity of factors, one of the most critical of which is myocardial viability. Delayed enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging has emerged as a useful means of comprehensively evaluating viable myocardium in postmyocardial infarct patients who require further revascularization. We present a patient with ULM stenosis in whom CMR imaging assisted in the decision to perform percutaneous coronary intervention over CABG. PMID:17765652

Suh, William M; Fowler, Steven J; Wallis, James B; Kern, Morton J; Ahsan, Chowdhury H

2007-01-01

114

Determinants of success of coronary angioplasty in patients with a chronic total occlusion: a multiple logistic regression model to improve selection of patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To study the determinants of success of coronary angioplasty in patients with chronic total occlusions, and to formulate a multiple logistic regression model to improve selection of patients. DESIGN--A retrospective analysis of clinical and angiographic data on a consecutive series of patients. PATIENTS--312 patients (mean age 55, range 31 to 79 years, 86% men) who underwent coronary angioplasty procedure for

K H Tan; N Sulke; N A Taub; E Watts; S Karani; E Sowton

1993-01-01

115

Coronary subclavian steal syndrome: an extracoronary cause of acute coronary syndrome.  

PubMed

Significant atherosclerotic changes of the coronary arteries are the common cause of cardiac chest pain. We report the case of an 80-year-old woman suffering from unstable angina caused by extracoronary atherosclerosis. The patient had an extensive medical history with severe coronary heart disease and cardiac bypass surgery (LIMA to LAD, two venous bypass grafts). An urgent coronary angiography was performed. The angiogram displayed the already known three-vessel disease, the bypass grafts were in a good functional condition. Subsequently, a stenosis of the proximal segment of the left subclavian artery was detected. Measurement of the pullback pressure gradient confirmed the significance of the stenosis. We suspected a "steal phenomenon" concerning the bypass graft LIMA to LAD. An ad hoc PTA with consecutive stenting (self-expandable stent) enabled a successful revascularization of the left subclavian artery without any adverse effects to the vertebral arteries. Cardiac chest pain did not occur any more. Coronary Subclavian Steal Syndrome should be considered a rare but important differential diagnosis in acute coronary syndrome after bypass surgery. PMID:23817863

Schatzl, Stefan; Karnik, Ronald; Gattermeier, Martin

2013-08-01

116

Influence of a history of smoking on short term (six month) clinical and angiographic outcome after successful coronary angioplasty  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES—To assess the influence of smoking on restenosis after coronary angioplasty.?DESIGN AND PATIENTS—The incidence of smoking on restenosis was investigated in 2948 patients. They were prospectively enrolled in four major restenosis trials in which quantitative angiography was used before and immediately after successful angioplasty and again at six months.?RESULTS—Within the study population there were 530 current smokers, 1690 ex-smokers, and 728 non-smokers. Smokers were more likely to be men (85.9% v 87.5% v 65.3%, current v ex- v non-, p < 0.001), to be younger (54.0 (9.0) v 57.0 (9.1) v 59.9 (9.4) years, p < 0.001), to have peripheral vascular disease (7.2% v 5.5% v 2.3%, p < 0.001), and have sustained a previous myocardial infarction (42.9% v 43.9% v 37.9%, p = 0.022), but were less likely to be diabetic (9.1% v 9.5% v 12.6%, p = 0.043) or hypertensive (24.9% v 29.3% v 37.2, p < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the categorical restenosis rate (> 50% diameter stenosis) at six months (35.28% v 35.33% v 37.09%, current v ex- v non-), or the absolute loss (0.29 (0.54) v 0.33 (0.52) v 0.35 (0.55) mm, respectively; p = 0.172).?CONCLUSIONS—Although smokers have a lower incidence of known predisposing risk factors for atherosclerosis, they require coronary intervention almost six years earlier than non-smokers and three years earlier than ex-smokers. Once they undergo successful coronary angioplasty, there appears to be no evidence that smoking influences their short term (six month) outcome, but because of the known long term effects of smoking, patients should still be encouraged to discontinue the habit.???Keywords: coronary angioplasty; smoking; restenosis; quantitative angiography PMID:10956296

Violaris, A; Thury, A; Regar, E; Melkert, R; Serruys, P

2000-01-01

117

Successful off-pump pericardiectomy and coronary artery bypass in liver cirrhosis.  

PubMed

Cardiopulmonary bypass can be detrimental to patients with hepatic cirrhosis. Pericardiectomy performed on the beating heart is an effective treatment for pericardial constriction. Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting is becoming firmly established as a surgical option for myocardial ischemia associated with multivessel disease. A single-stage operation combining both procedures without utilizing cardiopulmonary bypass has not been reported. This provided excellent surgical outcome for a patient with the dual pathology and coexisting liver cirrhosis. The off-pump approach should be considered in such a high-risk scenario. PMID:15854097

Tang, Augustine T M; Karski, Jacek; Cusimano, Robert J

2005-01-01

118

Transmyocardial laser revascularization. Does it have a role in the treatment of ischemic heart disease?  

PubMed

Transmyocardial laser revascularization, with or without coronary artery bypass grafting, is an alternative modality for complete revascularization in selected patients with coronary artery disease. Arguably, this modality works by shunting left ventricular blood directly into the ischemic myocardium via laser-mediated transmural channels. In clinical trials, drilling of laser channels has been strongly correlated with long-term improvement of angina, but a causal relationship has not yet been documented. For now, the usefulness of transmyocardial laser revascularization and the nature of its mechanism remain controversial. Some researchers question the existence of myocardial sinusoids altogether. Others question the physiologic possibility of moving blood from the left ventricular cavity into the myocardium against a pressure gradient. Further questions concern the possible routes through which the additional blood gains access to the myocardium; the difficulty of objectively documenting improved myocardial perfusion after transmyocardial laser revascularization; and the nature of the mechanism responsible for the observed clinical benefit. This article examines the different aspects of this controversy and discusses the current status of transmyocardial laser revascularization, as well as possible future directions. PMID:9566059

Frazier, O H; Kadipasaoglu, K A; Cooley, D A

1998-01-01

119

[Total arterial myocardial revascularization--strategy, early and midterm results].  

PubMed

Total arterial myocardial revascularization (TAMR) represents a new alternative procedure to the classical aorto-coronary bypass operation with venous graft material. The early and midterm results with the use of the left and right internal thoracic artery (LITA and RITA) and radial artery (RA) for coronary artery bypass grafting are analyzed to assess the suitability of these conduits for myocardial revascularization. From June 1997 to June 2001, 234 patients suffering from a coronary artery disease underwent TAMR at our institution. The bypass material consisted of 234 LITAs, 160 RITAs and 84 RAs. The most frequently used conduit combination was a T-graft (n=213) consisting of a free arterial graft (RITA or RA) centrally implanted into LIMA "in situ" using an end-to-site grafting technique. The mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 0.59+/-0.4. In 150 patients (64.1%), the operation was performed on an urgent basis and in 24 cases (10.2%) it was a reoperation. A mean of 3.3+/-0.9 coronary anastomoses per patient was performed. The mean aortic cross-clamping time was 71+/-20 minutes. In 194 cases (83%), the postoperative course was uneventful. The early mortality was 0.8% (n=2). Complications included myocardial infarction in 4 patients (1.7%), sternal infection in 2 (0.8%), renal insufficiency in 2 (0.8%), prolonged respiratory ventilation in 28 (11.9%) and reoperation for bleeding in 6 (2.5%). At a mean follow-up of 25+/-1.3 months 197 patients (96.6%) were asymptomatic. Late mortality was 3.3% (n=7). TAMR is a safe and reliable procedure with very good early and midterm results. The results reported in this study support the widened use of this coronary artery grafting strategy. PMID:12658469

Vicol, C; Raab, S; Beyer, M

2003-03-01

120

Infrainguinal revascularization after renal transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundAlthough evidence suggests that end-stage renal disease is associated with poor limb salvage and patient survival after arterial revascularization, little is known about the effect of renal transplantation. We analyzed the outcome in patients with renal transplants who underwent infrainguinal bypass procedures.

Claudie S McArthur; Malachi G Sheahan; Frank B Pomposelli; Andrea Dayko; Alana K Belfield; Jennifer Veraldi; David R Campbell; John J Skillman; Frank W LoGerfo; Allen D Hamdan

2003-01-01

121

Risk-Stratified Cardiovascular Screening Including Angiographic and Procedural Outcomes of Percutaneous Coronary Interventions in Renal Transplant Candidates  

PubMed Central

Background. Benefits of cardiac screening in kidney transplant candidates (KTC) will be dependent on the availability of effective interventions. We retrospectively evaluated characteristics and outcome of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in KTC selected for revascularization by a cardiac screening approach. Methods. In 267 patients evaluated 2003 to 2006, screening tests performed were reviewed and PCI characteristics correlated with major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) during a follow-up of 55 months. Results. Stress tests in 154 patients showed ischemia in 28 patients (89% high risk). Of 58 patients with coronary angiography, 38 had significant stenoses and 18 cardiac interventions (6.7% of all). 29 coronary lesions in 17/18 patients were treated by PCI. Angiographic success rate was 93.1%, but procedural success rate was only 86.2%. Long lesions (P = 0.029) and diffuse disease (P = 0.043) were associated with MACE. In high risk patients, cardiac screening did not improve outcome as 21.7% of patients with versus 15.5% of patients without properly performed cardiac screening had MACE (P = 0.319). Conclusion. The moderate procedural success of PCI and poor outcome in long and diffuse coronary lesions underscore the need to define appropriate revascularization strategies in KTC, which will be a prerequisite for cardiac screening to improve outcome in these high-risk patients. PMID:25045528

Mockel, Martin; Mueller, Eda; Bocksch, Wolfgang; Babel, Nina; Schindler, Ralf; Reinke, Petra

2014-01-01

122

Successful Covering of a Hepatic Artery Aneurysm with a Coronary Stent Graft  

SciTech Connect

In a 54-year-old woman with liver cirrhosis who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation, the postoperative course was complicated by aneurysm formation in the hepatic artery. Abdominal ultrasonography showed a daily increase in the size of the aneurysm in spite of careful management including strict rest and continuous intravenous infusion of antihypertensive agents. Since the patient's poor systemic status was a major obstruction to operative resection, transcatheter therapy was thought more preferable. We evaluated the lesion with intravascular ultrasonography as an adjunct to angiography and a dissection with a flap was well visualized. The aneurysm was covered with a commercially available stent-graft, designed for treatment of the coronary artery. This is a rare case in which a Jostent was implanted into the hepatic artery after liver transplantation.

Sakai, Hidetsugu; Urasawa, Kazushi; Oyama, Naotsugu; Kitabatake, Akira [Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine (Japan)

2004-09-15

123

Intravascular ultrasound-guided recanalization of a coronary chronic total occlusion located in a stent implanted subintimally: a case report.  

PubMed

Successful percutaneous recanalization of coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) results in improved survival, as well as enhanced left ventricular function, reduction of angina, and improved exercise tolerance. The procedural success rate has increased over time, but CTO recanalization does still fail in about 20% of cases. Different strategies and specific devices for CTOs have been developed with various degrees of success. We report the case of CTO after a first unsuccessful treatment attempt during which subintimal wire positioning without reentry into the distal lumen, and stent implantation were done. At the second revascularization, intravascular ultrasound guidance allowed reentry of the distal true lumen through the stent, restoring normal flow. PMID:16948452

Surmely, Jean-Francois; Suzuki, Takahiko

2006-08-01

124

A comparison of directional atherectomy with coronary angioplasty in patients with coronary artery disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND. Directional coronary atherectomy is a new technique of coronary revascularization by which atherosclerotic plaque is excised and retrieved from target lesions. With respect to the rate of restenosis and clinical outcomes, it is not known how this procedure compares with balloon angioplasty, which relies on dilation of the plaque and vessel wall. We compared the rate of restenosis after

Eric J. Topol; Ferdinand Leya; Cass A. Pinkerton; Patrick L. Whitlow; Berthold Hofling; Charles A. Simonton; Ronald R. Masden; Patrick W. Serruys; Martin B. Leon; David O. Williams; Spencer B. King; B. Daniel; D. B. Mark; J. M. Isner; D. R. Holmes; S. G. Ellis; K. L. Lee; G. P. Keeler; L. G. Berdan; T. Hinohara; R. M. Califf

1993-01-01

125

Coronary-Subclavian Steal Syndrome: Percutaneous Approach  

PubMed Central

Coronary subclavian steal syndrome is a rare ischemic cause in patients after myocardial revascularization surgery. Subclavian artery stenosis or compression proximal to the internal mammary artery graft is the underlying cause. The authors present a clinical case of a patient with previous history of non-ST elevation myocardial infarction, triple coronary bypass, and effort angina since the surgery, with a positive ischemic test. Coronary angiography revealed a significant stenosis of the left subclavian artery, proximal to the internal mammary graft. PMID:24829810

Raposo, Luis; Leal, Silvio; Goncalves, Pedro Araujo; Mesquita Gabriel, Henrique; Teles, Rui Campante; Almeida, Manuel Sousa; Mendes, Miguel

2013-01-01

126

Coronary-subclavian steal syndrome: percutaneous approach.  

PubMed

Coronary subclavian steal syndrome is a rare ischemic cause in patients after myocardial revascularization surgery. Subclavian artery stenosis or compression proximal to the internal mammary artery graft is the underlying cause. The authors present a clinical case of a patient with previous history of non-ST elevation myocardial infarction, triple coronary bypass, and effort angina since the surgery, with a positive ischemic test. Coronary angiography revealed a significant stenosis of the left subclavian artery, proximal to the internal mammary graft. PMID:24829810

Machado, Carina; Raposo, Luís; Leal, Sílvio; Gonçalves, Pedro Araújo; Mesquita Gabriel, Henrique; Teles, Rui Campante; Almeida, Manuel Sousa; Mendes, Miguel

2013-01-01

127

Concomitant subclavian and coronary artery disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Proximal subclavian artery occlusive disease in the presence of a patent internal mammary artery used as a conduit for a coronary artery bypass graft procedure may cause reversal of internal mammary artery flow (coronary-subclavian steal) and produce myocardial ischemia.Methods. We reviewed outcome to determine whether subclavian artery revascularization can provide effective protection from and treatment for coronary-subclavian steal. Between

Thomas J Takach; George J Reul; Igor Gregoric; Zvonimer Krajcer; J. Michael Duncan; James J Livesay; Denton A Cooley

2001-01-01

128

[Results of percutaneous coronary angioplasty in patients with stable and unstable angina].  

PubMed

Percutaneous coronary angioplasty is very well known percutaneous revascularization procedure. Results of the percutaneous coronary angioplasty vary according to the stage of ischemic heart disease. The aim of our study was to evaluate and to compare the results of percutaneous coronary angioplasty in patients with stable and unstable angina. We analyzed data from 1148 patients in both groups. The extent of atherosclerosis was significantly higher in unstable angina group, however there was no significant difference in procedural as well in in-hospital outcomes between two groups. Success rate was 86% in unstable angina group and 83.3% in stable angina group. Major adverse cardiac events occurred in 1.48% patients with no difference in both groups. Left ventricular ejection fraction and end-diastolic diameter improved more in unstable angina group. PMID:15079114

Unikas, Ram?nas; Vaicekavicius, Edvardas; Navickas, Ram?nas; Jarusevicius, Gediminas; Janavicius, Arnoldas; Audickas, Dainius; Grinius, Virgilijus

2004-01-01

129

The age, creatinine, and ejection fraction score to risk stratify patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention of coronary chronic total occlusion.  

PubMed

Age, creatinine, and ejection fraction (ACEF) score predict clinical outcomes in patients who underwent elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of nonocclusive coronary stenoses. We aimed at assessing the prognostic value of the ACEF score in patients who underwent successful PCI of chronic total occlusion (CTO). ACEF score was calculated in 587 patients treated with PCI of CTO: successful in 433 (74%; success group) and failed in 154 patients (26%; failure group). Patients were divided in ACEF tertiles: first <0.950, second from 0.950 to 1.207, and third ACEF tertile >1.207. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE = overall death + nonfatal myocardial infarction + clinically driven target vessel revascularization) were assessed in 558 patients (95%) up to 24 months (8 to 24 months). In success group, higher MACE rate was significantly associated with increasing ACEF tertile (first = 7%, second = 13%, third ACEF = 18%, p = 0.02). MACE-free survival was significantly decreased with increasing ACEF tertile (log-rank 5.58, p = 0.018). In the failure group, lower MACE rate was significantly associated with increasing ACEF tertile (p = 0.041). This was mainly driven by significant decreasing rate of target vessel revascularization along the tertiles (first = 34%, second = 19%, third ACEF = 10%, p = 0.007). Compared with success group, in failure group, MACE rate was significantly higher in the first tertile (p <0.001) and similar in the third tertile (p = 0.59). In conclusion, ACEF score represents a simple tool in the prognostication of patients successfully treated with PCI of CTO and identifies those patients who would not derive any significant clinical harm despite failed percutaneous revascularization of the CTO. PMID:25152423

Di Serafino, Luigi; Borgia, Francesco; Maeremans, Joren; Pyxaras, Stylianos A; De Bruyne, Bernard; Wijns, William; Heyndrickx, Guy; Dens, Jo; Di Mario, Carlo; Barbato, Emanuele

2014-10-15

130

Penile revascularization--contemporary update  

PubMed Central

Contemporary therapies for erectile dysfunction are generally targeted towards older men and universally engage pharmacological and/or device related treatment options. Penile revascularization, using microvascular arterial bypass surgical techniques, is a non-pharmacological, non-device-related, and reconstructive surgical strategy for men with erectile dysfunction that was first described by Dr Vaclav Michal in 1973. Contemporary penile revascularization attempts to ‘cure' pure arteriogenic erectile dysfunction in young men with arterial occlusive pathology in the distal internal pudendal, common penile or proximal cavernosal artery secondary to focal endothelial injury from blunt pelvic, perineal or penile trauma. A microvascular anastomosis is fashioned between the donor inferior epigastric and recipient dorsal penile artery. Increased perfusion pressure is theoretically communicated to the cavernosal artery via perforating branches from the dorsal artery. This article will review the history, indications and pathophysiology of blunt trauma-induced focal arterial occlusive disease in young men with erectile dysfunction, current surgical techniques utilized and results of surgery. Contemporary use of penile revascularization is a logical and wanted therapeutic option to attempt to reverse erectile dysfunction in young men who have sustained blunt pelvic, perineal or penile trauma. PMID:23241636

Dicks, Brian; Bastuba, Martin; Goldstein, Irwin

2013-01-01

131

Investigation of myocardial photodynamic revascularization method on ischemic rat myocardium model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ischemic heart disease is one of the leading reasons of invalidisation and death rate of able-bodied citizens in the world. There are many various surgical and medicamentous methods of its treatment for today, however all these methods have restrictions in application. Our work was directed at initiation possibility clarification of ischemic myocardium revascularization by means of making necrosis with photodynamic therapy. The investigation was carried out in rats with the ischemia artificial made by means of left coronary artery ligation. Level of Photosense photosensitizer accumulation in ischemic and normal rat myocardium zones was defined. Myocardial photodynamic revascularization procedure of ischemic rat myocardium was carried out. Morphological analysis of the myocardium preparations showed the presence of active revascularization of ischemic myocardium after photodynamic therapy. The method of ischemia level estimation based on spectral optical definition of blood oxygen saturation was developed.

Vasilchenko, S. Yu.; Stratonnikov, A. A.; Volkova, A. I.; Loschenov, V. B.; Sheptak, E. A.; Kharnas, S. S.

2006-08-01

132

Successful intraoperative identification of an anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery using real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography.  

PubMed

Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery (LCA) from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital defect that presents only infrequently in adults. An adult diagnosed with ALCAPA, heart failure, and mitral regurgitation underwent surgical ligation of the anomalous origin of the LCA from the pulmonary artery (PA) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The anomalous origin in the PA and proximal segment of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) was successfully delineated via real time, three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography during surgery. This modality allows for fast assessment and novel views of complex cardiac abnormalities and can aid in perioperative monitoring.? PMID:21564280

Jin, Yao Dong; Hsiung, Ming C; Tsai, Shen Kou; Chang, Chung-Yi; Wei, Jeng; Ou, Ching-huei; Chang, Yi Cheng; Lee, Kuo Chen; Sue, Sung-How

2011-08-01

133

Current options for treatment of chronic coronary artery disease  

PubMed Central

The primary issues must be discussed regarding the decision making of treating a patient with chronic coronary artery disease (CAD), are the appropriateness of revascularization and the method which will be applied. The criteria will be the symptoms, the evidence of ischemia and the anatomical complexity of the coronary bed. Main indications are persistence of symptoms, despite oral medical treatment and the prognosis of any intervention. The prognosis is based on left ventricular function, on the number of coronary arteries with significant stenosis and the ischemic burden. For patients with symptoms and no evidence of ischemia, there is no benefit from revascularization. If ischemia is proven, revascularization is beneficial. If revascularization is decided, the next important issue must be taken under consideration is the choice of the appropriate method to be applied, surgical or interventional approach. Current treatment options will be presented. PMID:24672695

Prapas, Sotirios N.; Tsakiridis, Kosmas; Katsikogiannis, Nikolaos; Tsiouda, Theodora; Sakkas, Antonios; Zarogoulidis, Konstantinos

2014-01-01

134

[Coronary surgery in elderly patients].  

PubMed

The indication of coronary revascularization surgery in elderly people confronts the clinician and the surgeon with a particular question, in which quality of life is at least as important as prolonging life. Although age is not an intrinsic contraindication for surgery, a number of surgical risk factors are more frequent among elderly people, such as diabetes or pulmonary disease. These factors, together with the concomitant presence of aortic valvular stenosis or disease of the carotid or the peripheral arteries, must be taken into account before planning surgery. The new emerging techniques, such as transmyocardial laser revascularization can also be applied to this segment of the population. PMID:9717398

Infantes, C

1998-01-01

135

Determinants of success of coronary angioplasty in patients with a chronic total occlusion: a multiple logistic regression model to improve selection of patients.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To study the determinants of success of coronary angioplasty in patients with chronic total occlusions, and to formulate a multiple logistic regression model to improve selection of patients. DESIGN--A retrospective analysis of clinical and angiographic data on a consecutive series of patients. PATIENTS--312 patients (mean age 55, range 31 to 79 years, 86% men) who underwent coronary angioplasty procedure for a chronic total occlusion between 1981 and 1992. RESULTS--Procedural success was achieved in 191 lesions (61.2%). A major complication occurred in six patients (1.9%). Multiple stepwise logistic regression analysis identified the presence of bridging collaterals (p < 0.001), the absence of a tapered entry configuration (p < 0.001), estimated duration of occlusion of greater than three months (p = 0.001), and a vessel diameter of less than 3 mm (p = 0.003) as independent predictors of procedural failure. The logistic regression model was used to classify patients into groups of high, intermediate, and low probability of procedural success with cut off points of 70% and 30%. The predictive value for procedural success (probability > or = 70%) was 91% (95% confidence intervals (95% CI) 83% to 96%) and predictive value for procedural failure (probability < 30%) was 81% (95% CI 64% to 92%). CONCLUSIONS--Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty of chronic total occlusions is associated with a low risk of acute complication. Procedural success is influenced by easily identifiable clinical and angiographic features and the multiple regression model described may help to improve selection of patients. PMID:8038021

Tan, K H; Sulke, N; Taub, N A; Watts, E; Karani, S; Sowton, E

1993-01-01

136

[Coronary artery disease in diabetic patients].  

PubMed

It is possible to decrease the rate of progression of coronary artery disease in diabetic patients by controlling all risk factors including hyperglycemia and by the prescription of statin and aspirin in high risk patients. After a coronary event, the management of the patient must be as optimal as possible in terms of pharmacological treatment and revascularization. "Ever more" is the key line in these patients. PMID:18839684

Henry, Patrick

2008-09-30

137

Transbrachial Intra-Aortic Balloon Pumping for High-Risk Percutaneous Coronary Intervention  

PubMed Central

The beneficial effect of placement of intra-aortic balloon (IAB) pump before revascularization in patients with high-risk coronary anatomy and impaired left ventricular systolic function is documented. However, the conventional insertion of IAB pump via the common femoral artery may be contraindicated or may be even impossible in patients with severe vascular disease. Recently, the percutaneous insertion of IAB via the brachial artery has been shown to be effective and safe in small series of patients with vascular disease undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. The authors report their experience with a patient with aortobifemoral bypass grafts who underwent successful stenting of a trifurcating distal left main stenosis after placement of a 7.5-Fr IAB pump via the left brachial artery. PMID:21030856

Aznaouridis, Konstantinos; Kacharava, Andro G.; Consolini, Michelle; Zafari, A. Maziar; Mavromatis, Kreton

2013-01-01

138

[Acute coronary syndromes without ST segment elevation].  

PubMed

Coronary artery disease accounts for most deaths in Western communities. Especially acute coronary syndromes--with or without ST segment elevation in the ECG--are potentially life-threatening events. The tremendous number of more than 400,000 acute coronary syndromes per year in Germany demonstrates the necessity of guidelines for diagnosis and treatment approaches. During the diagnostic process the patients' individual risk is repeatedly assessed. The ultimate treatment regimen is based on this risk stratification and includes five major therapeutic tools: anti-ischemic agents, anticoagulants, antiplatelet drugs, coronary revascularization, and long-term patient management. Several anticoagulants, which act at different levels of the coagulation cascade, have been investigated in the NSTE-ACS (non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome). Most anticoagulants have been shown to be capable of reducing the risk of death and myocardial infarction, however, at the cost of bleeding complications. Antiplatelet agents are necessary for both, the acute event and the subsequent maintenance therapy. The recommended treatment regimen includes aspirin in combination with a thienopyridine. During the acute phase of the acute coronary syndrome, glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors have been shown to reduce cardiovascular events. Revascularization for NSTE-ACS is performed to relieve angina and ongoing myocardial ischemia, and to prevent the progression to myocardial infarction or death. The indications for myocardial revascularization and the preferred approach (percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting) depend on the extent and severity of the lesions as identified by coronary angiography, the patient's condition and comorbidity. The long-term management after an acute coronary syndrome implies lifestyle measures and drug treatment in order to control risk factors impacting on the patients' outcome. PMID:19214407

Möllmann, Helge; Nef, Holger; Hamm, Christian W

2009-02-01

139

Sudden Cardiac Arrest with Acute Myocardial Infarction Induced by Left Subclavian Artery Occlusion in a Patient with Prior Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery  

PubMed Central

Multivascular preventive and therapeutic approaches are necessary in patients with coronary artery disease because atherosclerosis has a common systemic pathogenesis. We present a rare case of sudden cardiac arrest with acute myocardial infarction induced by the total occlusion of left subclavian artery (LSCA) in a patient with a history of previous coronary artery bypass surgery using the left internal mammary artery. We initially performed blind-puncture of left brachial artery, attempting percutaneous coronary intervention because pulses were absent in both upper and lower extremities. However, the cause of sudden cardiac arrest was atherosclerotic total occlusion of LSCA. The patient was stabilized after successful revascularization of LSCA by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stent insertion. PMID:23323128

Won, Ki-Bum; Cho, Yun-Hyeong

2012-01-01

140

Successful staged repair for a rare type of truncus arteriosus with interruption of the aortic arch and abnormal origin of the left coronary artery.  

PubMed

We report a successful staged repair for a quite rare combination of truncus arteriosus (TA), Van Praagh type A4, and abnormal origin of the left coronary artery (CA). Furthermore, the case was complicated by a variant of the chromosomal anomaly in cat-cry syndrome. The presence of interruption of the aortic arch (IAA) and abnormal CA origin has been previously reported to increase mortality. To decrease the risk of bronchomalacia in infants, bilateral pulmonary artery banding (PAB) was performed as the first stage procedure for adjusting the pulmonary flow. Staged repair is a useful strategy for infants with complex TA. PMID:23714656

Uchita, Shunji; Harada, Yorikazu; Honda, Kentaro; Toguchi, Koji; Nishimura, Yoshiharu; Suenaga, Tomohiro; Takeuchi, Takashi; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Okamura, Yoshitaka

2013-01-01

141

CABG Versus PCI in the Treatment of Diabetic Patients Affected by Coronary Artery Disease.  

PubMed

Surgical coronary revascularization and percutaneous coronary intervention were demonstrated to be effective treatments for coronary artery disease. However, the optimal revascularization strategy remains unclear in certain patient subsets. The recently published Future Revascularization Evaluation in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: Optimal Management of Multivessel Disease (FREEDOM) trial is a randomized study evaluating the use of CABG versus PCI in diabetic patients with multivessel coronary disease. The purpose of this study was to review the available literature based on randomized trials and observational studies in order to allow clinicians to make evidence-based decisions when treating diabetic patients with multivessel coronary disease. The current evidence suggests that CABG should remain the standard of care for this patient population. PMID:25297505

Nicolini, Francesco; Agostinelli, Andrea; Vezzani, Antonella; Benassi, Filippo; Gherli, Tiziano

2014-11-13

142

The management of chronic total coronary occlusions.  

PubMed

Although recent consensus has clearly defined chronic total occlusions (CTO), attempted percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains low. Histopathologically, CTOs are characterized by fibrous caps, varying degrees of plaques, and neovascularization, with both increasing with the age of the CTO. Multiple registries and studies show that successful PCI of CTOs can improve symptoms, left ventricular function, and mortality. There is overwhelming evidence that very low restenosis and reocclusion rates can be obtained with drug eluting stents after recanalization of CTOs. PCI should be considered the preferred initial revascularization modality in patients in whom a high procedural success rate may be anticipated. Novel techniques have greatly enhanced procedural success, and include ''parallel'' and ''seesaw'' wire techniques, balloon anchoring, subintimal tracking and reentry (STAR), retrograde approach, contralateral injection, and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance. Improvements in wire technology have largely been responsible for improved procedural success in PCI of CTO, while application of new technologies hold promise to significantly better outcomes. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and multislice computed tomography (CT) are already employed in formulating treatment strategies and their role in the treatment of CTOs is likely to increase. PMID:18813187

Cuneo, A; Tebbe, U

2008-10-01

143

Role of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in determining the therapeutic strategy for the patients with intermediate coronary lesions.  

PubMed

Background: Coronarography presents some limits in assessing intermediate stenosis. Intravascular ultrasound provides tridimensional measurements of the artery, with more reliable data guiding revascularization decision. aims: to evaluate the impact of intravascular ultrasound measurements on revascularization decision of intermediate and ambiguous coronary lesions. methods: We prospectively analysed 40 patients' coronary arteries from March 2009 to November 2011 by both quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) then intravascular ultrasound, and compared our decision before and after intravascular ultrasound. results: in the final revascularization decision after intravascular ultrasound, medical treatment rate raised from 22% to 25%, percutaneous coronary intervention dropped from 55% to 50%, and coronary artery bypass graft slightly raised from 23% to 25%. Therapeutic decision changed after intravascular ultrasound in 47% of patients (p=0,01), which reflects an important impact of this technique in management of intermediate coronary lesions. Conclusion : Intravascular ultrasound provided more accurate measurements which permitted a better detection of ischemia and influenced notably our therapeutic strategies. PMID:24955970

Ben Ahmed, H; Bouzouita, K; Boussaid, H; Hamdi, I; Aida, M; Ben Youssef, A; Boujnah, M R

2014-03-01

144

Wire-Probing Technique to Revascularize Subacute or Chronic Internal Carotid Artery Occlusion  

PubMed Central

Summary During endovascular revascularization of subacute and chronic occlusion of the cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) it may be difficult to penetrate the lesion. Selecting the appropriate “true lumen”, a remnant of what had been the arterial lumen, at the initial step may facilitate the procedure. Because plaque at the carotid bifurcation is known to propagate from the posterior wall, a gateway to this “true lumen” should exist in the anterior side of the occluded stump. This hypothesis was studied retrospectively in our series of revascularizing ICA subacute and chronic occlusion. Eleven patients underwent endovascular revascularization for symptomatic cervical ICA occlusion. Procedures were performed by initially penetrating the occluded stump with a guidewire, followed by supporting catheter advancement through the occluded segment to secure the distal normal arterial lumen. Cases were analyzed with regard to the location of initial guidewire penetration. Eight patients underwent successful revascularization. In five cases, the entry point to the occluded stump was located at the anterior side, and in three, at the posterior side. Two posterior stump penetration cases were met with resistance in guidewire advancement, whereas penetration was smooth in the anterior cases. In addition, two posterior stump penetration cases resulted in contrast stasis in the posterior ICA wall. In our series of revascularizing cervical ICA subacute and chronic occlusion, initially targeting the anterior side of the occluded stump resulted in favorable results. This may be the result of selecting the “true lumen” at the beginning of the procedure. PMID:22958767

Namba, K.; Shojima, M.; Nemoto, S.

2012-01-01

145

Revascularization of Transplanted Pancreatic Islets and Role of the Transplantation Site  

PubMed Central

Since the initial reporting of the successful reversal of hyperglycemia through the transplantation of pancreatic islets, significant research efforts have been conducted in elucidating the process of revascularization and the influence of engraftment site on graft function and survival. During the isolation process the intrinsic islet vascular networks are destroyed, leading to impaired revascularization after transplant. As a result, in some cases a significant quantity of the beta cell mass transplanted dies acutely following the infusion into the portal vein, the most clinically used site of engraftment. Subsequently, despite the majority of patients achieving insulin independence after transplant, a proportion of them recommence small, supplemental exogenous insulin over time. Herein, this review considers the process of islet revascularization after transplant, its limiting factors, and potential strategies to improve this critical step. Furthermore, we provide a characterization of alternative transplant sites, analyzing the historical evolution and their role towards advancing transplant outcomes in both the experimental and clinical settings. PMID:24106517

Pepper, Andrew R.; Ziff, Oliver; Shapiro, A. M. James

2013-01-01

146

Revascularization for Symptomatic Occlusion of the Anterior Cerebral Artery Using Superficial Temporal Artery  

PubMed Central

Isolated symptomatic occlusion of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) is a rare condition and until date, only few cases regarding the revascularization of the ACA have been reported. This paper reports on successful attempt to revascularize the ACA using superficial temporal artery (STA) in patient with isolated symptomatic occlusion of the ACA. A 69-year-old man presented with several episodes of transient weakness involving left lower extremity. Cerebral angiography showed occlusion of the right ACA at the A2 segment. After medical treatment failure, the patient underwent STA-ACA bypass surgery. Subsequent to surgery, there was immediate disappearance of transient ischemic attack and follow-up angiography showed favorable revascularization of the ACA territory. Bypass surgery can be considered in the patients with symptomatic occlusion of the ACA, who have experienced failure in medical treatment. PMID:24527195

Lee, Sang Chul; Kang, Hyun-Seung; Kim, Jeong Eun

2013-01-01

147

Percutaneous coronary intervention in a patient with single coronary artery  

PubMed Central

Coronary artery anomalies are found in 1–5% of all coronary angiograms. Single coronary artery is a rare congenital anomaly. The prevalence of the anomaly is 0.024–0.066% of the general population and percutaneous coronary intervention in this anomaly is performed infrequently. The highest incidence of this condition is reported from India. We report a case of a 55 year old patient of anterior wall ST elevation myocardial infarction with L1 group of single coronary artery who underwent successful angioplasty and stenting to left anterior descending artery. The unique features and inherent risks of percutaneous coronary intervention to single coronary artery are discussed. PMID:24973852

Mishra, T.K.; Mishra, C.K.; Das, B.

2014-01-01

148

Influence of sex on outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients over 75 years of age with coronary heart disease  

PubMed Central

Background This study aimed to investigate whether there were sex differences in in-hospital and long-term outcomes for elderly patients over 75 years of age undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for coronary heart disease. Methods Consecutive patients aged ?75 years who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention at a single center in the People’s Republic of China from January 2005 to December 2010 were included in this cohort study. Clinical characteristics and in-hospital and long-term outcomes were compared between men and women. Results A total of 465 patients (34.8% women, mean age 78.5±3.2 years) were recruited. Men had a higher prevalence of ST elevation myocardial infarction but were less likely to have heart failure than women (P<0.05). Similar rates of successful in-hospital procedures and deaths were observed in men and women. After a mean follow-up of 3 years, no significant differences were observed between men and women in mortality (12.5% versus 8.0%, P=0.151), myocardial infarction (1.4% versus 2.7%, P=0.368), target vessel revascularization (6.1% versus 4.7%, P=0.540), or cerebral vascular disease (7.9% versus 6.0%, P=0.472). Cox proportional hazards analysis revealed that sex was not independently associated with either in-hospital mortality or long-term mortality. Conclusion In elderly patients over 75 years of age, sex influences the prognosis after percutaneous coronary intervention for coronary heart disease. PMID:25364241

Liu, Yuqi; Hu, Xin; Xue, Qiao; Zhao, Yusheng; Wang, Yu; Gao, Lei

2014-01-01

149

Outcomes in patients with abnormal myocardial perfusion imaging and normal coronary angiogram.  

PubMed

A subset of subjects undergoing myocardial perfusion imaging has perfusion abnormalities that are subsequently labeled false positive based on coronary angiography. We evaluated the long-term prevalence of cardiovascular events in these patients. We retrospectively identified 48 patients who had reversible perfusion abnormalities with myocardial perfusion imaging and normal coronary angiography. Patients with known coronary artery disease, left ventricular dysfunction, valvular disease, and cardiomyopathy were excluded. Patient follow-up, conducted for at least 3 (mean interval, 7.4) years from the index myocardial perfusion imaging, was accomplished by a review of medical records and telephone interviews. Study endpoints were cardiovascular events defined as sudden cardiac death, myocardial infarction, percutaneous coronary revascularization, coronary artery bypass grafting, and cerebrovascular or peripheral revascularization. Thirty-one percent (15 of 48) of the patients had cardiovascular events. Six of the 48 patients had coronary events. These patients had abnormal myocardial perfusion imaging and normal coronary angiogram. The time between myocardial perfusion imaging and coronary event was 0.5 to 8.67 years. There was a strong correlation between the regions of original perfusion abnormality and the ultimate coronary ischemia or revascularization. Abnormal findings on myocardial perfusion imaging may predict a higher prevalence of coronary and peripheral vascular events than suggested by a normal coronary angiogram. PMID:18796451

Delcour, Kimberly S; Khaja, Azamuddin; Chockalingam, Anand; Kuppuswamy, Saravanan; Dresser, Thomas

2009-01-01

150

Conservative treatment of iatrogenic left main coronary artery dissection: report of two cases.  

PubMed

Revascularization treatment is mostly recommended for iatrogenic left main coronary artery dissection because of potential for catastrophic sequel, even in case of initial TIMI 3 flow and hemodynamic stability. However, conservative treatment seems to be feasible in asymptomatic and hemodinamically stable patient with low-grade dissection. We report two cases of iatrogenic left main coronary dissection managed conservatively. PMID:24400208

Celik, Murat; Yuksel, Uygar Cagdas; Yalcinkaya, Emre; Gokoglan, Yalcin; Iyisoy, Atila

2013-12-01

151

Conservative treatment of iatrogenic left main coronary artery dissection: report of two cases  

PubMed Central

Revascularization treatment is mostly recommended for iatrogenic left main coronary artery dissection because of potential for catastrophic sequel, even in case of initial TIMI 3 flow and hemodynamic stability. However, conservative treatment seems to be feasible in asymptomatic and hemodinamically stable patient with low-grade dissection. We report two cases of iatrogenic left main coronary dissection managed conservatively. PMID:24400208

Yuksel, Uygar Cagdas; Yalcinkaya, Emre; Gokoglan, Yalcin; Iyisoy, Atila

2013-01-01

152

Blood Flow in Composite Arterial Grafts and Effect of Native Coronary Flow  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Total arterial coronary revascularization can be achieved by joining arteries together as a compos- ite graft with the proximal left internal mammary artery as the only source of blood inflow. Proof of the capacity of this composite conduit to provide adequate blood flow to the coronary circulation is required. Methods. The radial artery was anastomosed to the left internal

Alistair G. Royse; Colin F. Royse; Karen L. Groves; Gang Yu; M App Sc

2010-01-01

153

Factors excercising an influence on recovery of hibernating myocardium after coronary artery bypass graftingq  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with endstage coronary disease (CAD) significantly improves symptoms and prolongs life expectancy. Left ventricular function is also improved in some patients, but not in others. Factors which influence functional recovery of hibernating myocardium after revascularization are at present under investigation. Methods: From 3\\/2000 to 8\\/2002, we analyzed 41 patients with an ejection

Harald Hausmann; Rudolf Meyer; Henryk Siniawski; Reinhard Pregla; Matthias Gutberlet; Holger Amthauer; Roland Felix; Roland Hetzer

154

Factors excercising an influence on recovery of hibernating myocardium after coronary artery bypass grafting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with endstage coronary disease (CAD) significantly improves symptoms and prolongs life expectancy. Left ventricular function is also improved in some patients, but not in others. Factors which influence functional recovery of hibernating myocardium after revascularization are at present under investigation. Methods: From 3\\/2000 to 8\\/2002, we analyzed 41 patients with an ejection

Harald Hausmann; Rudolf Meyer; Henryk Siniawski; Reinhard Pregla; Matthias Gutberlet; Holger Amthauer; Roland Felix; Roland Hetzer

2004-01-01

155

Results of graft patency by immediate angiography in minimally invasive coronary artery surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Although minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) is being employed for revascularization of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) with the left internal mammary artery (LIMA), little objective data exist regarding graft patency. Because the procedure is performed on a beating heart through a limited access approach, concerns have been raised regarding the ability to perform as

Michael J Mack; James A Magovern; Tea A Acuff; Rodney J Landreneau; Denise M Tennison; Erin J Tinnerman; John A Osborne

1999-01-01

156

Loss of Short Term Symptomatic Benefit in Patients with an Occluded Infarct Artery is Unrelated to Non-Protocol Revascularization: Results from the Occluded Artery Trial (OAT)  

PubMed Central

Background The Occluded Artery Trial found that routine late (3–28d post-MI) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of an occluded infarct-related artery (IRA) did not reduce death, re-infarction or heart failure relative to medical treatment (MED). Angina rates were lower in PCI early, but the advantage over MED was lost by 3 years. Methods Angina and revascularization status were collected at 4 months, then annually. We assessed whether non-protocol revascularization procedures in MED accounted for loss of the early symptomatic advantage of PCI. Results Seven per 100 more PCI patients were angina-free at 4 months (p<0.001) and 5 per 100 at 12 months (p=.005) with the difference narrowing to 1 per 100 at 3 years (p=.34). Non-protocol revascularization was more frequent in MED (5-yr rate 22% vs. 19% PCI, p=.05). Indications for revascularization included acute coronary syndromes (39% PCI vs. 38% MED), stable angina/inducible ischemia (39% in each group), and physician preference (17% PCI vs. 15% MED). Revascularization rates among patients with angina at any time during follow up (35% of cohort) did not differ by treatment group (5-year rates 26% PCI vs. 28% MED). Most symptomatic patients were treated without revascularization during follow-up (77%). Conclusions In a large randomized clinical trial of stable post-MI patients, the modest benefit on angina from PCI of an occluded IRA was lost by 3 years. Revascularization was slightly more common in MED during follow up but was not driven by acute ischemia, and almost one in five procedures were attributed to physician preference alone. PMID:21167338

Devlin, Gerard; Reynolds, Harmony R.; Mark, Daniel B.; Rankin, James M.; Carvalho, Antonio C.; Vozzi, Carlos; Sopko, George; Caramori, Paulo; Džavík, Vladimir; Ragosta, Michael; Forman, Sandra A.; Lamas, Gervasio A.; Hochman, Judith S.

2010-01-01

157

New Technologies in Coronary Artery Surgery  

PubMed Central

Coronary artery disease remains the leading cause of death in developed countries. Major recent studies such as SYNTAX and FREEDOM have confirmed that coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains the gold standard treatment in terms of survival and freedom from myocardial infarction and the need for repeat revascularization. The current review explores the use of new technologies and future directions in coronary artery surgery, through 1) stressing the importance of multiple arterial conduits and especially the use of bilateral mammary artery; 2) discussing the advantages and disadvantages of off-pump coronary artery bypass; 3) presenting additional techniques, e.g. minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting, hybrid, and robotic-assisted CABG; and, finally, 4) debating a novel external stenting technique for saphenous vein grafts. PMID:23908868

Taggart, David; Nir, Rony-Reuven; Bolotin, Gil

2013-01-01

158

Early recovery of left ventricle following coronary artery bypass grafting and mitral valve repair in a case of anomalous origin of left coronary artery from pulmonary artery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anomalous origin of Left Coronary Artery from Pulmonary Artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital malformation, which can result\\u000a in myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure and sudden death if left untreated. Reports of myocardial revascularization\\u000a and Mitral Valve (MV) repair following ALCAPA repair in infants are uncommon. We report a critically ill infant with ALCAPA\\u000a needing myocardial revascularization and MV repair

Raj Gopal Menon; Salim Maskari; John Valliattu; Taha Al Delamie

2009-01-01

159

Biochemical Markers of Coronary Recanalization After Fibrinolytic Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Rapid assessment of coronary patency in patients receiving intravenous fibrinolytic agents for the treatment of acute myocardial\\u000a infarction is needed to identify those in whom adequate or sustained patency has not been achieved who could benefit from\\u000a secondary mechanical interventions (e.g., coronary angioplasty and surgical revascularization). Because delayed initiation\\u000a of secondary interventions will impede salvage of ischemic myocardium, markers chosen

Dana R. Abendschein

160

Chronic response to direct myocardial revascularization: a preliminary study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Anecdotal evidence suggests that laser revascularization has long-term benefits on tissue perfusion, perhaps by stimulating angiogenesis. To test this hypothesis, we made 6 transmural channels in rat hearts randomized to either; (1) laser: channels made using a 500 micrometers diameter optic fiber coupled to a holmium:YAG laser, (2) needle: channels made using a 500 micrometers diameter needle, or (3) control: no channels made. Two months later, the rats underwent 90 minutes of coronary artery occlusion followed by 41/2 hours of reperfusion. Prior to the end of the experiment, the artery was reoccluded and the heart perfused with blue dye to detect collateral perfusion within the risk region. Microscopic analysis revealed more dye-containing vessels in needle-treated hearts than in laser or control groups (12 +/- 6*, 3 +/- 1, 2 +/- 1 vessels per field of view, * p < 0.05). Needle channels also appeared to limit necrosis: infarct size was 41 +/- 6* (needle), 61 +/- 6 (laser), 70 +/- 5 (control) % of the risk region in the three groups (*p < 0.05 versus control). Thus, needle- treatment may be capable of reducing infarct size by supplying blood via a collateral circulation apparently stimulated by the channels making process.

Whittaker, Peter; Zheng, Shi-Ming; Kloner, Robert A.

1993-06-01

161

Successful aortic root replacement and shunt closure in a case with rare coexistence of congenital cardiac malformations: bicuspid aortic valve with annuloaortic ectasia, single coronary artery, and patent foramen ovale.  

PubMed

This is the first report of rare simultaneous complication of three cardiac malformations: bicuspid aortic valve with annuloaortic ectasia, single coronary artery, and patent foramen ovale. We successfully operated to replace the aortic valve and ascending aorta, and to close the patent foramen ovale. PMID:24916464

Egashira, Toru; Shimizu, Hideyuki; Yamada, Yoshitake; Fukuda, Keiichi

2014-10-01

162

Statins and percutaneous coronary intervention: a complementary synergy.  

PubMed

The inclusion of statins and stents in coronary disease management during the 1980s has marked a dramatic change in the natural history of the disease. Separately, each of these therapies have progressed rapidly and have achieved a prime position in the current armamentarium. The simultaneous use of statins in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary revascularization procedures with stent implantation has shown a significant beneficial synergistic effect by reducing ischemia and necrosis, and improving coronary blood flow in patients with stable coronary disease, as well as in acute coronary syndromes. The use of high dose statins in conjunction with coronary angioplasty with stent implantation has shown great efficacy and safety in patients with severe coronary disease. PMID:24079365

Echeverri, Darío; Cabrales, Jaime

2013-01-01

163

Selective Coronary Arteriography  

PubMed Central

The technique of selective coronary arteriography, as described originally by Sones, was employed in 255 patients. Successful catheterization of both coronary arteries was carried out in 88% of these patients, and in the last 100 examinations both coronary arteries were entered in 95 patients. Selective coronary arteriography is a useful diagnostic tool but is a potentially hazardous form of examination as we encountered four episodes of ventricular fibrillation in the present series. ImagesFig. 1Fig. 2Figs. 3A-DFig. 3EFig. 3FFig. 4Fig. 5Fig. 6Fig. 7Fig. 8Fig. 9 PMID:5902704

Parker, John O.; Challis, Thomas W.; West, Roxroy O.

1966-01-01

164

Evaluation of outcome and cost-effectiveness using an FDG PET-guided approach to management of patients with coronary disease and severe left ventricular dysfunction (PARR2): rationale, design, and methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients with severe ventricular dysfunction and coronary disease have high morbidity and mortality. They may benefit from revascularization but have significant perioperative morbidity and mortality. Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) can detect viable myocardium that may recover from revascularization in such patients. It is unclear whether use of FDG PET in this population improves outcome or is

Rob Beanlands; Graham Nichol; Terrence D. Ruddy; Robert A. deKemp; Paul Hendry; Dennis Humen; Normand Racine; Heather Ross; Francois Benard; Geoffrey Coates; Robert M. Iwanochko; Ernest Fallen; George Wells

2003-01-01

165

Mechanical Revascularization for Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Single-Center, Retrospective Analysis  

SciTech Connect

BackgroundEndovascular mechanical revascularization (thrombectomy) is an increasingly used method for intracranial large vessel recanalization in acute stroke. The purpose of the study was to analyze the recanalization rate, clinical outcome, and complication rate in our stroke patients treated with mechanical revascularization. A total of 57 patients with large vessel stroke (within 3 h for anterior and 12 h for posterior circulation) were treated with mechanical revascularization at a single center during 24 months. The primary goal of endovascular treatment using different mechanical devices was recanalization of the occluded vessel. Recanalization rate (reported as thrombolysis in cerebral infarction [TICI] score), clinical outcome (reported as National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale [NIHSS] score and modified Rankin scale [mRS] score), as well as periprocedural complications were analyzed. The mean age of the patients was 63.1 {+-} 12.9 years, with baseline median NIHSS score of 14 (interquartile range, 9.5-19). Successful recanalization (TICI 2b or 3) was achieved in 41 (72 %) patients. Twenty patients (35 %) presented with favorable outcome (mRS {<=}2) 30 days after stroke. Overall, significant neurological improvement ({>=}4 NIHSS point reduction) occurred in 36 (63 %) patients. A clinically significant procedure-related adverse events (vessel disruption, peri/postprocedural intracranial bleeding) defined with decline in NIHSS of {>=}4 or death occurred in three (5 %) patients. The study showed a high recanalization rate with improved clinical outcome and a low rate of periprocedural complications in our stroke patients treated with mechanical revascularization. Therefore, we could conclude that endovascular revascularization (primary or in combination with a bridging thrombolysis) was an effective and safe procedure for intracranial large vessel recanalization in acute stroke.

Jeromel, Miran, E-mail: miran.jeromel@gmail.com; Milosevic, Z. V., E-mail: zoran.milosevic@guest.arnes.si; Kocijancic, I. J., E-mail: igor.kocijancic@gmail.com; Lovric, D., E-mail: dimitrijlavric@yahoo.com [University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Clinical Institute of Radiology, Department for Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology (Slovenia); Svigelj, V., E-mail: viktor.svigelj@gmail.com; Zvan, B., E-mail: bojana.zvan@guest.arnes.si [University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Division Vascular and Intensive Neurology, Department of Neurology (Slovenia)

2013-04-15

166

Comparison of antegrade with antegrade/retrograde cold blood cardioplegia for myocardial revascularization.  

PubMed Central

There has been increasing interest in the use of retrograde coronary sinus perfusion for delivery of cardioplegic solution during myocardial revascularization. Despite evidence of improved cardiac protection, it is unclear if a combined antegrade/retrograde approach to myocardial preservation offers significant clinical benefits. One hundred twenty patients undergoing elective 1st-time coronary bypass surgery for 3-or-more-vessel disease received aortic root, antegrade cold blood cardioplegia (Group I, n=52) or combined antegrade/retrograde cardioplegia via coronary sinus cannulation (Group II, n=68). All preoperative variables were similar, including age, severity of coronary artery disease, functional status, and ejection fraction. Intraoperative and postoperative variables, including the degree of hypothermia, temperature of infusion solution, number of bypass grafts, defibrillation attempts and spontaneous return to sinus rhythm, the use of intraaortic balloon pump counterpulsation, and inotropic support during weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass, were not statistically different. Cardioplegia infusion time was longer in Group II than in Group I (2.5 +/- 0.8 vs 1.7 +/- 0.7 min, p < 0.05). The postoperative cardia output, electrocardiographic and cardiac enzyme evidence of ischemia, the need for temporary pacing, and 30-day morbidity were similar for both groups. The data indicate that in this non-risk-stratified group of patients, the route of cardioplegia administration is not a determinant of clinical outcome. PMID:8680285

Cernaianu, A C; Flum, D R; Maurer, M; Cilley, J H; Grosso, M A; Browstein, L; DelRossi, A J

1996-01-01

167

Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery associated with an accessory atrioventricular pathway and managed successfully with surgical and interventional electrophysiological treatment: a case report  

PubMed Central

Introduction The combination of anomalous left coronary artery origin from the pulmonary artery and an accessory pathway has not been reported previously in the medical literature. In medicine, the coexistence of two clinical causes can lead to the same clinical findings, and this can make the researcher's attempt to distinguish between the two of them and, hence, the correct diagnosis and treatment difficult. Case presentation A six-month-old boy from Pakistan was brought to our hospital with tachypnea and supraventricular tachycardia and, on the basis of echocardiography and multi-slice computed tomography, was diagnosed with an anomalous left coronary artery origin from the pulmonary artery. The presence of an anomalous left coronary artery origin from the pulmonary artery was not initially recognized, and left ventricular dysfunction was considered as a result of supraventricular tachycardia. He underwent direct re-implantation of the left coronary artery to the aorta using the trapdoor flap technique. Recurrent episodes of supraventricular tachycardia resistant to maximal pharmacological treatment occurred post-operatively. A left posterolateral accessory pathway was successfully ablated by using a trans-septal approach. Conclusions It should not be forgotten by anyone that many times in medicine what seems obvious is not correct. It can be difficult to distinguish two clinical entities, and frequently one is considered a result of the other. This is the first report of the coexistence of an anomalous left coronary artery origin from the pulmonary artery and recurrent supraventricular tachycardia due to an accessory pathway in a child that was treated successfully with combined surgical and interventional electrophysiological treatment. This case may represent a first educational step in the field of congenital heart disease, that is, that anomalies such as an anomalous left coronary artery origin from the pulmonary artery may be concealed in a child with other serious cardiac problems, in this case mitral regurgitation, dilation of the left ventricle, and recurrent episodes of tachycardia. PMID:21846372

2011-01-01

168

Pulp Revascularization in Immature Permanent Tooth with Apical Periodontitis Using Mineral Trioxide Aggregate  

PubMed Central

Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a material that has been used worldwide in several clinical applications, such as apical barriers in teeth with immature apices, repair of root perforations, root-end filling, pulp capping, and pulpotomy. The purpose of this case report was to describe successful revascularization treatment of an immature mandibular right second premolar with apical periodontitis in a 9-year-old female patient. After preparing an access cavity without anesthesia, the tooth was isolated using a rubber dam and accessed. The canal was gently debrided using 5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and 3% hydrogen peroxide irrigant. And then MTA was packed into the canal. X-ray photographic examination showed the dentin bridge 5 months after the revascularization procedure. Thickening of the canal wall and complete apical closure were confirmed 10 months after the treatment. In this case, MTA showed clinical and radiographic success at revascularization treatment in immature permanent tooth. The successful outcome of this case suggests that MTA is reliable and effective for endodontic treatment in the pediatric dentistry. PMID:24959181

Saeki, Katsura; Shiono, Yasuhiro; Maki, Kenshi

2014-01-01

169

Pulp Revascularization of Immature Permanent Teeth: A Review of the Literature and a Proposal of a New Clinical Protocol  

PubMed Central

Tissue engineering is a growing field. In the near future, it will probably be possible to generate a complete vital tooth from a single stem cell. Pulp revascularization is dependent on the ability of residual pulp and apical and periodontal stem cells to differentiate. These cells have the ability to generate a highly vascularized and a conjunctive rich living tissue. This one is able to colonize the available pulp space. Revascularization is a new treatment method for immature necrotic permanent teeth. Up to now, apexification procedures were applied for these teeth, using calcium dihydroxide or MTA to produce an artificial apical barrier. However, the pulp revascularization allows the stimulation of the apical development and the root maturation of immature teeth. Two pulp revascularization techniques are used in the literature, one using calcium dihydroxide and the second using a triple antibiotic paste. Based on these two different pulp revascularization protocols, which obtain the desired therapeutic success, the literature will be reviewed and analyzed according to the relevance of their choice of materials. Based on the literature, we propose a new relevant protocol and a new mixture of antibiotics. PMID:25383384

Namour, Mélanie

2014-01-01

170

The coronary angiogram and its seminal contributions to cardiovascular medicine over five decades.  

PubMed Central

The selective hand injection of contrast media into the right coronary artery of a middle-aged male by Doctor F. Mason Sones on October 30, 1958 introduced a new era in Cardiovascular Medicine. It is the purpose of this presentation to portray the pivotal role the coronary angiogram has played in creating some of the epochal events and discoveries that have characterized the march of progress in the field of cardiology over the past five decades. As the first reliable in vivo marker for the presence of obstructing coronary lesions, the coronary angiogram importantly led to our first studies of the natural history of patients with CAD. The motion studies afforded by cineangiography also permitted dynamic visualization of the contracting ventricle which led to the concept of regional wall motion abnormalities being characteristic of CAD and provided some of our earliest understanding of left ventricular dysfunction. The coronary angiogram also provided the stimulus for the development of aorto-coronary bypass surgery that was introduced by Dr. Rene Favaloro in May 1967. Subsequently, Dr. Andreas Gruntzig astounded the cardiology world by reporting his new percutaneous method of achieving revascularization (PTCA). The coronary angiogram provided the road map necessary for the successful deployment and application of this balloon technology that was soon to rival CABG surgery. The thrombolytic era was heralded in July 1979 when Dr. Peter Rentrop documented the successful reperfusion of a coronary artery in a 57-year old man by first recanalizing the occluding thrombus with a guidewire and then infusing the proteolytic enzyme, streptokinase directly into the artery. Within a year, DeWood made the angiographic observation that spontaneous regression of the totally occluding thrombus occurred among patients undergoing coronary arteriography within the first 24 hours of the onset of symptoms of an acute myocardial infarction. This led to the earliest studies on clot lysis by fibrinolytic agents and also paved the way for the balloon catheter to be used as a mechanical means of achieving coronary reperfusion in the acute setting. In the 1980s it was realized that vigorous lipid lowering with statin drugs did little to effect regression of the established atherosclerotic lesion but it did result in a dramatic decrease in subsequent clinical cardiovascular events. Similar observations were made by Little and others that acute coronary occlusion resulted more often from young, non-obstructing atheromatous lesions than it did from high grade obstructive lesions. This incriminated rupture of the soft, lipid rich atheromatous plaque as the most common mechanism leading to acute MI. In the closing decade of the past century, estimates of coronary blood flow using TIMI flow grades and TIMI frame rates led to the central unifying concept that the early restoration of normal flow (TIMI grade 3) was linearly related to survival after reperfusion therapy whether it be achieved pharmacologically or mechanically. The coronary angiogram was also integral in establishing antiplatelet therapy as the preferred pharmacotherapeutic agents to be used in association with stent deployment compared to coumarin drugs in preventing stent thrombosis. Although the coronary catheter is now used to deliver newer intracoronary devices such as intravascular ultrasound, velocity probes, gene probes and eluting catheters, it has served as the one indispensable form of coronary imaging for five successive decades. As such it has provided far more than is implied by the term "lumenology" and can rightly be called the lumen de lumine, the light of lights, for cardiovascular medicine. Images Fig. 1 Fig. 2 PMID:12053714

Ryan, Thomas J.

2002-01-01

171

Indirect cerebral revascularization with a temporoparietal fascial flap in pediatric moyamoya patients: a novel technique and review of current surgical options.  

PubMed

Moyamoya syndrome is a progressive occlusive disease of the cerebral vessels. There are a variety of surgical treatments directed at revascularizing the ischemic brain in pediatric moyamoya disease. Many reports of varying success with both direct and indirect type of procedures can be found in medical literature. We present a novel technique, encephalo-TPF-synangiosis (ETS) with a pedicled bone flap, for indirect moyamoya revascularization in pediatric patients. A three-quarters osteoplastic temporal craniotomy was created. A pedicled temporoparietal fascial flap was passed intracranially through the temporalis muscle and placed into contact with the pial surface. The bone flap was the reaffixed to the skull. We performed 8 ETS in 6 patients. This is a well-vascularized, highly reliable method that offers broad-based surface area for revascularization. We also offer a composite overview of current surgical indirect revascularization techniques. PMID:24220400

Wong, Wendy W; Hiersche, Matthew A; Zouros, Alexander; Martin, Mark C

2013-11-01

172

Transmyocardial revascularization: the fate of myocardial channels.  

PubMed

Attempted cardiac revascularization through laser-made channels has gained considerable recent notoriety. Although the treatment reduces angina, its ability to enhance perfusion is unclear, and the mechanism of action unknown. The fate of the channels appears an obvious place to look for insight. Therefore, this review focuses on temporal and spatial changes in channel morphology. An appreciation of the natural history of the channels not only has potential to elucidate mechanisms, but also to provide the basis for optimization of channel-making. PMID:10617048

Whittaker, P

1999-12-01

173

Subclavian revascularization. A quarter century experience.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: Twenty-five years of experience with subclavian revascularizations were reviewed to determine the long-term patency rates of different extrathoracic approaches. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Although it is generally agreed that proximal subclavian stenosis should be treated by an extrathoracic route whenever possible, the optimum procedure is debated. Alternatives include subclavian carotid bypass, subclavian-to-subclavian or axillo-axillary bypasses, and the authors' preferred technique of subclavian carotid transposition (SCT). METHODS: Records were researched for the past 25 years in a single specialty surgical clinic for extrathoracic subclavian revascularizations. One hundred ninety such procedures were identified, and hospital charts and office medical records were reviewed for procedure, preoperative symptoms, blood pressure differentials, and postoperative complications. Patency was determined by physical examination, differential blood pressures, Doppler spectral analysis, duplex examinations, and arteriography. RESULTS: Bypass procedures were used infrequently, and although the results are reported, they are excluded from any analysis. Subclavian carotid transposition was used in 178 procedures. All anastomoses were found to be patient at follow-up, except for one, which failed at 26 months. Mean follow-up was 46 months, with five patients lost to follow-up. Overall mortality rate was 2.2%, with the mortality falling to 1.1% if only subclavian carotid transposition patients are included. CONCLUSIONS: Subclavian carotid transposition should be the treatment of choice for routine subclavian carotid occlusive disease because of its exceptional long-term patency and low morbidity. PMID:8203976

Edwards, W H; Tapper, S S; Edwards, W H; Mulherin, J L; Martin, R S; Jenkins, J M

1994-01-01

174

Duplex ultrasound assisted endovascular revascularization of chronic internal carotid artery occlusion: technical note  

PubMed Central

Carotid artery occlusion is a major risk factor for ischemic stroke. Endovascular treatment of carotid artery occlusion in high-risk patients offers a therapeutic option to reduce subsequent ischemic events. The technical success and avoidance of complications of the endovascular recanalization of occluded carotid artery is contingent on proper visualization of the vessel wall. To highlight the value of duplex ultrasound guidance, we herein described the procedural details of the use of ultrasound guidance for characterization and visualization of the endovascular devices as well as the vessel wall during endovascular revascularization. Patient was a 54-year-old woman, diagnosed with carotid occlusion with recurrent symptomatic episodes. Endovascular revascularization was successfully performed by ultrasound assistance upon traversing the occluded segment and accurate deployment of stent. The patient was followed for 3 months and has not experienced any ischemic symptoms. Duplex ultrasound guidance helps preventing the vessel wall injury and dissection during revascularization of chronically occluded carotid artery. Ultrasound guidance may improve the outcomes of the endovascular procedures in high-risk patients with carotid occlusion. PMID:24358416

Rostambeigi, Nassir; Khatri, Rakesh; Hassan, Ameer E.; Qureshi, Adnan I.

2013-01-01

175

Intracoronary administration of recombinant human vascular endothelial growth factor to patients with coronary artery disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Patients with severe myocardial ischemia who are not candidates for percutaneous or surgical revascularization have few therapeutic options. Therapeutic angiogenesis in animal models with use of recombinant human vascular endothelial growth factor (rhVEGF) has resulted in successful revascularization of ischemic myocardium. This was a dose escalation trial designed to determine the safety and tolerability of intracoronary rhVEGF infusions. Methods

Timothy D. Henry; Krishna Rocha-Singh; Jeffrey M. Isner; Dean J. Kereiakes; Frank J. Giordano; Michael Simons; Douglas W. Losordo; Robert C. Hendel; Robert O. Bonow; Stephen M. Eppler; Thomas F. Zioncheck; Eric B. Holmgren; Edward R. McCluskey

2001-01-01

176

Successful Surgical Treatment of a Septuagenarian with Anomalous Right Coronary Artery from the Pulmonary Artery with an Eleven Year Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

An anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ARCAPA) is a very rare coronary artery anomaly with only 98 cases reported in literature till date. We report the oldest surgically treated patient and the fourth ever septuagenarian with this anomaly diagnosed ante-mortem with an eleven year follow-up. The literature on this anomaly was reviewed and discussed to highlight the clinical implications. PMID:23573402

Kuba, Paresh Kumar; Sharma, Jasvinder; Sharma, Ashok

2013-01-01

177

Gender differences and temporal trends in clinical characteristics, stress test results and use of invasive procedures in patients undergoing evaluation for coronary artery disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVESThis study examined gender differences and temporal changes in the clinical characteristics of patients referred for nuclear stress imaging, their imaging results and subsequent utilization of coronary angiography and revascularization.BACKGROUNDGender bias may influence resource utilization in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). No study has analyzed gender differences and time trends in patients referred for noninvasive testing and subsequent use

Todd D Miller; Veronique L Roger; David O Hodge; Mona R Hopfenspirger; Kent R Bailey; Raymond J Gibbons

2001-01-01

178

Chronic Coronary Artery Disease: Diagnosis and Management  

PubMed Central

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the single most common cause of death in the developed world, responsible for about 1 in every 5 deaths. The morbidity, mortality, and socioeconomic importance of this disease make timely accurate diagnosis and cost-effective management of CAD of the utmost importance. This comprehensive review of the literature highlights key elements in the diagnosis, risk stratification, and management strategies of patients with chronic CAD. Relevant articles were identified by searching the PubMed database for the following terms: chronic coronary artery disease or stable angina. Novel imaging modalities, pharmacological treatment, and invasive (percutaneous and surgical) interventions have revolutionized the current treatment of patients with chronic CAD. Medical treatment remains the cornerstone of management, but revascularization continues to play an important role. In the current economic climate and with health care reform very much on the horizon, the issue of appropriate use of revascularization is important, and the indications for revascularization, in addition to the relative benefits and risks of a percutaneous vs a surgical approach, are discussed. PMID:19955250

Cassar, Andrew; Holmes, David R.; Rihal, Charanjit S.; Gersh, Bernard J.

2009-01-01

179

Designer blood vessels and therapeutic revascularization  

PubMed Central

Inadequate vascular perfusion leads to fatal heart attacks, chronic ulcers, and other serious clinical conditions. The body's capacity to restore vascular perfusion through angiogenesis and arteriogenesis is often impaired by pre-existing disease, and availability of native replacements for nonfunctional arteries is limited in many patients. Thus, recreating blood vessels of various calibres through novel engineering technologies has emerged as a radical option among therapeutic strategies for revascularization. Ranging from artificial, recycled or reassembled natural conduits to sophisticated microdevices, we refer to these as ‘designer blood vessels'. Our common efforts to continuously improve vascular replacement design have provided many clues about our own blood vessels, but nature's ability to create nonthrombogenic, immunocompatible, strong, yet biologically responsive blood vessels remains unparalleled. Just as art reproductions never equal the original masterpiece, designer blood vessels may never attain nature's perfection. Nevertheless, they will provide a valuable option as long as they come close enough and are available to many. PMID:14534146

Berglund, Joseph D; Galis, Zorina S

2003-01-01

180

[Myocardial revascularization surgery in an 87-year-old patient. A case report].  

PubMed

A 87 years old patient, with independent life style, presented unstable angina in spite of medication. Cineangiocoronariography demonstrated severe triarterial lesions, with good distal segments and preserved left ventricular contractility. Three saphenous vein grafts were performed. Some clinical measures were employed: a) manitol, furosemide and Ringer solution were infused two hours before and during surgery; the infusion was maintaned during the two postoperative days; b) limited use of nephrotoxic agents; c) adequate doses of medication; d) red cells infusion in spite of higher hematocrit levels than those present in younger patients; e) early start of respiratory physiotherapy and deambulation. Mean arterial pressure was maintained over 80 mm/Hg during surgery. During the period of extracorporeal circulation a hollow capillary membrane oxygenador was employed. Immediate postoperative course, up till six months, was free of coronary insufficiency symptoms. This case demonstrates the benefits of myocardial revascularization in elderly patients, respecting some peculiarities of the geriatric therapeutics. PMID:2629674

Wajngarten, M; Jatene, F B; Bosisio, I B; Azul, L G; Pileggi, F J; Jatene, A D

1989-09-01

181

The clopidogrel after surgery for coronary artery disease (CASCADE) randomized controlled trial: clopidogrel and aspirin versus aspirin alone after coronary bypass surgery [NCT00228423  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Saphenous vein graft disease remains a major limitation of coronary artery bypass graft surgery. The process of saphenous vein intimal hyperplasia begins just days after surgical revascularization, setting the stage for graft atherosclerotic disease and its sequalae. Clopidogrel improves outcomes in patients with atherosclerotic disease, and is effective at reducing intimal hyperplasia in animal models of thrombosis. Therefore, the

Alexander Kulik; Michel Le May; George A Wells; Thierry G Mesana; Marc Ruel

2005-01-01

182

Robotically assisted totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass surgery  

PubMed Central

Robotically assisted totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass surgery has emerged as a feasible and efficient alternative to conventional full sternotomy coronary artery bypass graft surgery in selected patients. This minimally invasive approach using the daVinci robotic system allows fine intrathoracic maneuvers and excellent view of the coronary arteries. Both on-pump and off-pump operations can be performed to treat single and multivessel disease. Hybrid approaches have the potential of offering complete revascularization with the “best of both worlds” from surgery (internal mammary artery anastomosis in less invasive fashion) and percutaneous coronary intervention (least invasive approach). In this article we review the indications, techniques, short and long term results, as well as current developments in totally endoscopic robotic coronary artery bypass operations. PMID:24251021

Canale, Leonardo Secchin; Mick, Stephanie; Mihaljevic, Tomislav; Nair, Ravi

2013-01-01

183

Developing practice recommendations for endovascular revascularization for acute ischemic stroke  

PubMed Central

Guidelines have been established for the management of acute ischemic stroke; however, specific recommendations for endovascular revascularization therapy are lacking. Burgeoning investigation of endovascular revascularization therapies for acute ischemic stroke, rapid device development, and a diverse training background of the providers performing the procedures underscore the need for practice recommendations. This review provides a concise summary of the Society of Vascular and Interventional Neurology endovascular acute ischemic stroke roundtable meeting. This document was developed to review current clinical efficacy of pharmacologic and mechanical revascularization therapy, selection criteria, periprocedure management, and endovascular time metrics and to highlight current practice patterns. It therefore provides an outline for the future development of multisociety guidelines and recommendations to improve patient selection, procedural management, and organizational strategies for revascularization therapies in acute ischemic stroke. PMID:23008406

Lazzaro, Marc A.; Alexandrov, Andrei V.; Darkhabani, Ziad; Edgell, Randall C.; English, Joey; Frei, Donald; Jamieson, Dara G.; Janardhan, Vallabh; Janjua, Nazli; Janjua, Rashid M.; Katzan, Irene; Khatri, Pooja; Kirmani, Jawad F.; Liebeskind, David S.; Linfante, Italo; Nguyen, Thanh N.; Saver, Jeffrey L.; Shutter, Lori; Xavier, Andrew; Yavagal, Dileep; Zaidat, Osama O.

2012-01-01

184

Percutaneous coronary intervention in nonagenarians: pros and cons  

PubMed Central

Percutaneous coronary intervention is a mainstay in the management of symptomatic or high-risk coronary artery disease. The bulk of clinical evidence and experience underlying this fact relies, however, on relatively young patients. Indeed, few data of very limited quality are available which adequately define the risk-benefit and cost-benefit profile of coronary angioplasty and stenting in very old subjects, such as those of 90 years of age or older (i.e., nonagenarians). The aim of this review is to provide a concise, yet practical, synthesis of the available evidence on percutaneous coronary revascularization in the very elderly. The main arguments elaborated upon are to what extent we can extrapolate findings from studies including younger patients to nonagenarians, whether we should provide higher priority to prognosis or quality of life in such patients, and whether we can afford to allocate vast resources to care for such subjects in an era of financial constraints. Our review of 18 studies and 1082 patients suggest that percutaneous coronary intervention is feasible and associated with acceptable short- and long-term results in this population, which is nonetheless fraught with a high mortality risk irrespective of the revascularization procedure. Accordingly, the pros and cons of percutaneous coronary intervention should be carefully weighed when considering this treatment in nonagenarians. PMID:23610578

Biondi Zoccai, Giuseppe; Abbate, Antonio; D'Ascenzo, Fabrizio; Presutti, Davide; Peruzzi, Mariangela; Cavarretta, Elena; Marullo, Antonino G.M.; Lotrionte, Marzia; Frati, Giacomo

2013-01-01

185

Postprocedural Anticoagulation for Specific Therapeutic Indications After Revascularization for ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (from the Harmonizing Outcomes With Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial).  

PubMed

Postprocedural anticoagulation (AC) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) may be administered for a number of specific therapeutic indications (e.g. atrial fibrillation or left ventricular thrombus). However, the safety and effectiveness of such post-PCI AC for specific indications are not well defined. Thus, we sought to study outcomes after postprocedural AC for specific indications in patients undergoing primary PCI for STEMI in the Harmonizing Outcomes with Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction trial. Patients who underwent primary PCI for STEMI in the Harmonizing Outcomes with Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction trial were grouped according to whether they received specific indication AC. Adverse outcomes were assessed using propensity-adjusted multivariate analyses. After excluding patients who received post-PCI AC solely for routine prophylaxis, 410 patients (16.6%) received postprocedural AC for specific indications and 2,063 patients (83.4%) received no post-PCI AC. After propensity adjustment, use of postprocedural AC for specific indications was associated with higher rates of cardiac mortality, reinfarction, stent thrombosis, and major bleeding at 30 days compared with patients who received no AC post-PCI. In conclusion, in this large prospective study, use of postprocedural AC for specific indications after primary PCI for STEMI was independently associated with early rates of adverse ischemic and hemorrhagic outcomes. Post-PCI AC for specific indications was also associated with worse outcomes from 30 days to 3 years. Further studies are warranted to determine the optimal use of postprocedural AC after primary PCI in STEMI. PMID:25239828

Madhavan, Mahesh V; Généreux, Philippe; Kirtane, Ajay J; Xu, Ke; Witzenbichler, Bernhard; Mehran, Roxana; Stone, Gregg W

2014-11-01

186

Early results of coronary artery bypass grafting with coronary endarterectomy for severe coronary artery disease  

PubMed Central

Background Despite the existence of controversial debates on the efficiency of coronary endarterectomy (CE), it is still used as an adjunct to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This is particularly true in patients with endstage coronary artery disease. Given the improvements in cardiac surgery and postoperative care, as well as the rising number of elderly patient with numerous co-morbidities, re-evaluating the pros and cons of this technique is needed. Methods Patient demographic information, operative details and outcome data of 104 patients with diffuse calcified coronary artery disease were retrospectively analyzed with respect to functional capacity (NYHA), angina pectoris (CCS) and mortality. Actuarial survival was reported using a Kaplan-Meyer analysis. Results Between August 2001 and March 2005, 104 patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with adjunctive coronary endarterectomy (CE) in the Department of Thoracic-, Cardiac- and Vascular Surgery, University of Goettingen. Four patients were lost during follow-up. Data were gained from 88 male and 12 female patients; mean age was 65.5 ± 9 years. A total of 396 vessels were bypassed (4 ± 0.9 vessels per patient). In 98% left internal thoracic artery (LITA) was used as arterial bypass graft and a total of 114 vessels were endarterectomized. CE was performed on right coronary artery (RCA) (n = 55), on left anterior descending artery (LAD) (n = 52) and circumflex artery (RCX) (n = 7). Ninety-five patients suffered from 3-vessel-disease, 3 from 2-vessel- and 2 from 1-vessel-disease. Closed technique was used in 18%, open technique in 79% and in 3% a combination of both. The most frequent endarterectomized localization was right coronary artery (RCA = 55%). Despite the severity of endstage atherosclerosis, hospital mortality was only 5% (n = 5). During follow-up (24.5 ± 13.4 months), which is 96% complete (4 patients were lost caused by unknown address) 8 patients died (cardiac failure: 3; stroke: 1; cancer: 1; unknown reasons: 3). NYHA-classification significantly improved after CABG with CE from 2.2 ± 0.9 preoperative to 1.7 ± 0.9 postoperative. CCS also changed from 2.4 ± 1.0 to 1.5 ± 0.8 Conclusion Early results of coronary endarterectomy are acceptable with respect to mortality, NYHA & CCS. This technique offers a valuable surgical option for patients with endstage coronary artery disease in whom complete revascularization otherwise can not be obtained. Careful patient selection will be necessary to assure the long-term benefit of this procedure. PMID:19772645

Schmitto, Jan D; Kolat, Philipp; Ortmann, Philipp; Popov, Aron F; Coskun, Kasim O; Friedrich, Martin; Sossalla, Samuel; Toischer, Karl; Mokashi, Suyog A; Tirilomis, Theodor; Baryalei, Mersa M; Schoendube, Friedrich A

2009-01-01

187

Young male survivor of a spontaneous left main coronary artery dissection treated with surgery  

PubMed Central

Spontaneous dissection of the coronary arteries is a rare disease with a wide range of clinical presentations ranging from angina to myocardial infarction (MI); its pathophysiology has not yet been fully established. In this paper, we present the case of a 31-year-old male with an acute coronary syndrome. The initial results of the electrocardiogram and cardiac enzymes were consistent with MI. However, a coronary angio-tomography revealed a dissection of the left main coronary artery and the patient underwent emergent surgery with coronary artery bypass grafting. The treatment of spontaneous dissection of the coronary arteries depends on the anatomical location and the patient's clinical presentation. Coronary revascularization is associated with good results. PMID:24964467

Endara, Santiago A.; Ayala, Andres V.; Davalos, Gerardo A.; Moscoso, Juan; Montero, R. Alejandra

2013-01-01

188

Influence of normothermic systemic perfusion during coronary artery bypass operations: A randomized prospective study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass has been proposed as a more physiologic technique than hypothermic bypass for the maintenance of the body during cardiac surgery. The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of systemic perfusion temperature on clinical outcome after coronary revascularization. Methods: Three hundred patients (mean age 60 ± 9 years, 88% male) were prospectively randomized into

Inderpaul Birdi; Idris Regragui; Mohammed B. Izzat; Alan J. Bryan; Gianni D. Angelini

1997-01-01

189

COMBINED CORRECTION OF TETRALOGY OF FALLOT AND CORONARY ARTERY OCCLUSIVE DISEASE: CASE REPORT.  

PubMed

A 49-year-old patient with known tetralogy of Fallot for which an aortopulmonary anastomosis (Pott's shunt) had been performed 23 years previously, underwent simultaneous myocardial revascularization for severe coronary occlusive disease and total correction of his congenital anomaly. The operation and postoperative course were uneventful, and he made a full recovery. PMID:15216038

Houchin, Dena

1978-12-01

190

COMBINED CORRECTION OF TETRALOGY OF FALLOT AND CORONARY ARTERY OCCLUSIVE DISEASE: CASE REPORT  

PubMed Central

A 49-year-old patient with known tetralogy of Fallot for which an aortopulmonary anastomosis (Pott's shunt) had been performed 23 years previously, underwent simultaneous myocardial revascularization for severe coronary occlusive disease and total correction of his congenital anomaly. The operation and postoperative course were uneventful, and he made a full recovery. Images PMID:15216038

Houchin, Dena

1978-01-01

191

Revascularization of the ischemic diabetic foot using popliteal artery inflow.  

PubMed

Between March 1988 and June 1994, 35 popliteal to distal artery vein bypasses were done in 32 diabetic patients. There were 16 males and 16 females with an average age of 60 years. Eighteen patients (56%) had insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Medical risk factors included coronary artery disease (CAD) in 15 (47%), hypertension in 15 (47%), chronic renal failure (CRF) in 9 (28%), and cigarette smoking in 10 (31%). Indications for revascularization were: non-healing ulcerations in 18 (51%), gangrene in 15 (43%), and rest pain in 2 (6%). The distal anastomosis was to the posterior tibial artery in 9, anterior tibial artery in 8, dorsalis pedis artery in 10 and peroneal artery in 8 cases. All the bypasses were done with autogenous saphenous veins (in-situ 11, reversed 17, and free non-reversed 7). The limbs were graded into three groups based on the preoperative angiographic evaluation of their pedal arch: patent arch (Grade "0"), partial occlusion of the arch (grade "1.5") and little or no arch visualized (Grade "3"). Eight limbs had Grade "0", 16 had Grade "1.5" and 11 had Grade "3" pedal circulation. Bypass follow up was done by clinical exam and color duplex surveillance (CDS) for a mean duration of 24 months. CDS identified 4 failing bypasses which were surgically revised and have subsequently remained patent. There were 3 bypass occlusions which resulted in a major amputation in 2 patients. Three additional major amputations were performed for persisting infection despite a patent bypass. By life table analysis the cumulative primary & secondary patency and limb salvage rates for this group of diabetic patients were 75% at 2 years, 89% at 3 years and 82% at 3 years respectively (S.E. < 10%). The 3 bypass occlusions, which occurred at 1 week, 5 weeks, and 20 months, were in patients with both CRF and Grade "3" foot circulation (significantly different outcome compared to the rest of the group, by chi 2 test, p < 0.05). Good results can be achieved in the majority of diabetic patients undergoing short popliteal-distal bypasses. However, the combination of chronic renal failure and very limited foot circulation (Grade "3") has a significant adverse outcome. PMID:8803638

Mohan, C R; Hoballah, J J; Martinasevic, M; Chalmers, R T; Sharp, W J; Kresowik, T F; Corson, J D

1996-06-01

192

Coronary calcium does not accurately predict near-term future coronary events in high-risk adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—Prognostic risk models have had limited success in predicting coronary events in subjects with multiple risk factors. We and others have proposed an alternative approach using radiographically detectable coronary calcium. We evaluated and compared the predictive value of these 2 approaches for determining coronary event risk in asymptomatic adults with multiple coronary risk factors. In addition, we assessed the predictive

Robert C. Detrano; Nathan D. Wong; Terence M. Doherty; Robert M. Shavelle; Weiyi Tang; Leonard E. Ginzton; Matthew J. Budoff; Kenneth A. Narahara

1999-01-01

193

Rationale, Design, and Baseline Characteristics of a Trial Comparing Aggressive Lipid Lowering With Atorvastatin Versus Revascularization Treatments (AVERT) fn1 fn1 This work is supported by a grant from Parke-Davis Pharmaceutical Research, a Division of Warner-Lambert Company, Ann Arbor, Michigan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes the design, methodologic features, and baseline characteristics of an open-label randomized trial to determine whether aggressive lipid-lowering therapy with atorvastatin is an alternative to angioplasty or other catheter-based revascularization procedures in patients with significant coronary artery disease. Three-hundred forty-one patients with low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol ?115 mg\\/dl and ?1 defined narrowing of a major coronary artery were

Lisa S. McCormick; Donald M. Black; David Waters; W. Virgil Brown; Bertram Pitt

1997-01-01

194

Successful emergency coronary artery bypass grafting after use of a percutaneous cardiopulmonary support system in a patient with cardiopulmonary arrest secondary to acute myocardial infarction  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 37-year-old woman was taken to a hospital because of sudden chest pain. She lapsed into shock, and the ECG indicated acute\\u000a myocardial infarction. The ECG later showed ventricular fibrillation, and the patient was given cardiac massage while being\\u000a transported to our hospital, where she was resuscitated with a percutaneous cardiopulmonary support system. Emergency coronary\\u000a angiography revealed 99% stenosis of

Tadaaki Koyama; Takaaki Mochizuki; Norimasa Mitsui; Akira Marui

1998-01-01

195

Clinical significance of no-reflow phenomenon observed on angiography after successful treatment of acute myocardial infarction with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty  

Microsoft Academic Search

The clinical significance of the angiographic no-reflow phenomenon was evaluated in 93 patients with acute myocardial infarction treated by percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). On the basis of the post-PTCA angiograms, patients were divided into three groups: normal angiogram (group 1, n=65), slight no-reflow (group 2, n = 13), and severe no-reflow (group 3, n = 15). Regional wall motion

Itsuro Morishima; Takahito Sone; Shinji Mokuno; Shin Taga; Akemi Shimauchi; Yoshitaka Oki; Junichiro Kondo; Hideyuki Tsuboi; Hiromi Sassa

1995-01-01

196

Cytokines and coronary artery disease: the state of the art.  

PubMed

Initiation and progression of coronary atherosclerosis has been associated with inflammation and cytokines balance. The objective of this study is to understand the role of cytokines in the pathophysiology and management of coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease has been revisited with revision of the pertinent published articles in the Medline, Scopus, and EBSCO Host research from 1987 to 2007. The 2 groups of cytokines (proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory) have been detected in human atherosclerotic plaques. The balance between the 2 groups may reflect the intensity of occult plaque inflammation and the vulnerability to rupture. Multiple studies have determined that a diverse set of proinflammatory biomarkers can furnish prognostic information beyond the traditional risk factors. Inflammatory responses after coronary revascularization are known to play key role in vascular lesion formation early in atherosclerosis and restenosis. Clinical utilization of cytokines remains promising yet incompletely explored and need more studies. PMID:18520532

El-Menyar, Ayman A

2008-06-01

197

Retrograde approach to coronary chronic total occlusion via an occluded saphenous bypass graft: a case report  

PubMed Central

Key Clinical Message Retrograde coronary intervention of chronic total coronary occlusion remains challenging. We describe a successful retrograde intervention of chronically occluded right coronary artery ostium via an occluded vein graft. An occluded saphenous vein graft can be a useful means to access the distal coronary bed, enabling delivery of retrograde percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) equipment. PMID:25356212

Alhejily, Wesam A; Kong, David F; Magnus Ohman, E

2013-01-01

198

Trans-Radial versus Trans-Femoral Intervention for the Treatment of Coronary Bifurcations: Results from Coronary Bifurcation Stenting Registry  

PubMed Central

Trans-radial (TR) approach is increasingly recognized as an alternative to the routine use of trans-femoral (TF) approach. However, there are limited data comparing the outcomes of these two approaches for the treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions. We evaluated outcomes of TR and TF percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in this complex lesion. Procedural outcomes and clinical events were compared in 1,668 patients who underwent PCI for non-left main bifurcation lesions, according to the vascular approach, either TR (n = 503) or TF (n = 1,165). The primary outcome was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), including cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), and target lesion revascularization (TLR) in all patients and in 424 propensity-score matched pairs of patients. There were no significant differences between TR and TF approaches for procedural success in the main vessel (99.6% vs 98.6%, P = 0.08) and side branches (62.6% vs 66.7%, P = 0.11). Over a mean follow-up of 22 months, cardiac death or MI (1.8% vs 2.2%, P = 0.45), TLR (4.0% vs 5.2%, P = 0.22), and MACE (5.2% vs 7.0%, P = 0.11) did not significantly differ between TR and TF groups, respectively. These results were consistent after propensity score-matched analysis. In conclusion, TR PCI is a feasible alternative approach to conventional TF approaches for bifurcation PCI (clinicaltrials.gov number: NCT00851526). PMID:23486858

Chung, Seungmin; Her, Sung-Ho; Song, Pil Sang; Song, Young Bin; Hahn, Joo-Yong; Choi, Jin-Ho; Lee, Sang Hoon; Jang, Yangsoo; Yoon, Jung Han; Tahk, Seung-Jea; Park, Seung-Jung; Seung, Ki Bae; Gwon, Hyeon-Cheol

2013-01-01

199

Angiotensin-Converting-Enzyme Inhibition in Stable Coronary Artery Disease  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are effective in reducing the risk of heart failure, myocardial infarction, and death from cardiovascular causes in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction or heart failure. ACE inhibitors have also been shown to reduce atherosclerotic complications in patients who have vascular disease without heart failure. METHODS In the Prevention of Events with Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibition (PEACE) Trial, we tested the hypothesis that patients with stable coronary artery disease and normal or slightly reduced left ventricular function derive therapeutic benefit from the addition of ACE inhibitors to modern conventional therapy. The trial was a double-blind, placebo-controlled study in which 8290 patients were randomly assigned to receive either trandolapril at a target dose of 4 mg per day (4158 patients) or matching placebo (4132 patients). RESULTS The mean (±SD) age of the patients was 64±8 years, the mean blood pressure 133±17/78±10 mm Hg, and the mean left ventricular ejection fraction 58±9 percent. The patients received intensive treatment, with 72 percent having previously undergone coronary revascularization and 70 percent receiving lipid-lowering drugs. The incidence of the primary end point — death from cardiovascular causes, myocardial infarction, or coronary revascularization — was 21.9 percent in the trandolapril group, as compared with 22.5 percent in the placebo group (hazard ratio in the trandolapril group, 0.96; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.88 to 1.06; P=0.43) over a median follow-up period of 4.8 years. CONCLUSIONS In patients with stable coronary heart disease and preserved left ventricular function who are receiving “current standard” therapy and in whom the rate of cardiovascular events is lower than in previous trials of ACE inhibitors in patients with vascular disease, there is no evidence that the addition of an ACE inhibitor provides further benefit in terms of death from cardiovascular causes, myocardial infarction, or coronary revascularization. PMID:15531767

2008-01-01

200

Liver Graft Revascularization by Donor Portal Vein Arterialization Following "No Touch" Donor Hepatectomy  

PubMed Central

Unsatisfactory immediate function of the transplanted liver together with technical complications contribute to a persisting early mortality for hepatic transplantation in the 20% range. We report our initial clinical experience with methods, one not previously used clinically, that resulted in uniformly well-functioning liver grafts in 11 patients and contributed to a satisfactory success rate for the procedure. Donors were heart-beating. During the donor operation all manipulations of the liver were avoided until after cold preservation, achieved by external cooling at the same time as circulatory interruption, donor exsanguination and perfusion of the liver with cold oxygenated fluid of “extracellular? type. The organs were then gently dissected. At transplantation the livers were revascularized with arterial blood shunted from the recipient iliac artery to the graft portal vein after completion of the suprahepatic IVC anastomosis. The infrahepatic IVCs and hepatic arteries were then joined, the iliac artery shunts discontinued and the portal veins joined. Total ischaemic intervals for the allografts were 3½–8 (average 5). Anhepatic intervals were 1–2¼ (average 2). The arterio-portal shunts were operating for 18–85 (mean 46) min. Blood loss and haemodynamic, acid-base and electrolyte abnormalities at revascularization were minimal. All grafts secreted bile immediately and all parameters reflected continuing improvement of liver function thereafter. Nine patients (82%) are alive between 4 and 18 (mean 11) months after transplantation. We conclude that these methods offer effective avoidance of serious organ damage during donor hepatectomy and preservation, reduced allograft ischaemic interval and reduced recipient anhepatic time. They result in avoidance of blood loss at the time of revascularization, together with minimal haemodynamic, acid-base or biochemical changes. In addition, they allow the surgeon to perform and test all anastomoses without time constraints, provide the capability to deal with unexpected complications, and assure good early graft function. PMID:3153776

Thompson, J. F.; Stephen, M. S.; Graham, J. C.; Eyers, A. A.; Bookallil, M.; Kalpokas, M.; McCaughan, G. W.; Dorney, S. F. A.; Ekberg, H. B. N.; Mears, D.; Kelly, G. E.; Woodman, K.

1988-01-01

201

Young patient presenting acute coronary syndrome.  

PubMed

The clinical presentation of Kawasaki disease (KD) is variable and clinical implication among adults is rarely important but coronary involvement. Here we report a young patient showing recurrent acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who had a history of high-grade fever and conjunctivitis when he was little. Coronary angiography revealed aneurysmal coronary artery change in this patient. There is no particular consensus on guidelines for treatment for KD in case of coronary aneurysm causing ACS. In this case, we treated him medically without stent implantation successfully. PMID:25368706

Ju, Sungbae; Mun, Hee-Sun; Choi, Seonghoon; Cho, Jung Rae; Lee, Namho; Kang, Min-Kyung

2015-01-01

202

The effects of cardiopulmonary bypass temperature on neuropsychologic outcome after coronary artery operations: A prospective randomized trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of systemic perfusion temperature on postoperative cognitive function was investigated in 96 adult patients undergoing elective coronary revascularization with cardiopulmonary bypass at 28º C, 32º C, or 37º C. Neuropsychologic performance was assessed 1 day before the operation and 6 weeks after the operation. Five tests were adapted from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale and two from the

Idriss Regragui; Inderpaul Birdi; Mohammad Bashar Izzat; Andrew M. S. Black; Athanasios Lopatatzidis; Christopher J. E. Day; Freda Gardner; Alan J. Bryan; Gianni D. Angelini

1996-01-01

203

Current status and future directions in computer-enhanced video- and robotic-assisted coronary bypass surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1997, both the Cleveland Clinic and London Health Sciences Centre groups have embraced robotic assistance and more recently demonstrated the efficacy of this technology in totally closed-chest, beating heart myocardial revascularization. This endeavor involved an orderly progression and the learning of new surgical skill sets. We review the evolution of robot-enhanced coronary surgery and forecast the future of endoscopic

W. Douglas Boyd; Kojiro Kodera; Kenneth D. Stahl; Reiza Rayman

2002-01-01

204

Revascularization of the limbs using vein grafts after vascular injuries  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on 32 patients with vascular injury of a limb undergoing a total of 41 revascularization procedures with interposition vein grafts. A combined arterial and venous injury was present in nine cases, an isolated venous injury in four, and an isolated arterial injury in 19 cases. Eighteen per cent of patients with arterial injuries had normal distal pulses on

E. Bastounis; E. Pikoulis; A. K. Leppäniemi; P. Michail; D. Alexiou

1998-01-01

205

The relative roles of aggressive wound care versus revascularization in salvage of the threatened lower extremity in the renal failure diabetic patient.  

PubMed

Current literature indicates poor survival and limb salvage rates in renal failure diabetic patients who present with ulcerated or gangrenous lower extremities. Even in those limbs that were successfully revascularized, the amputation rate was as high as 37 percent. This has led some to advocate immediate amputation when treating the threatened limb of a renal failure diabetic patient. The authors reviewed all renal failure diabetic patients in their wound registry to determine whether such pessimism was warranted. The authors then analyzed the relative roles of revascularization and aggressive wound care on long-term limb salvage. Forty-five consecutive renal failure diabetic patients with 71 wounds in 54 limbs were identified. Twenty-seven patients had chronic renal insufficiency, 15 patients had end-stage renal disease, and three patients received kidney transplants. The revascularization procedures (46 percent of all limbs) included angioplasty, femoral-popliteal, femoral-distal, and popliteal-distal bypasses. Forty-three amputations in combination with 67 soft-tissue repairs (delayed primary wound closure, skin grafts, local flaps, pedicled flaps, and free flaps) were necessary to close the defects. After a mean follow-up of over 3 years, the data indicate that 79 percent of wounds healed, 89 percent of all limbs were salvaged, and 49 percent of patients survived. Revascularization improved the threatened limb's salvage rate from negligible to a level similar to that of the adequately vascularized limb. Fifteen out of 71 wounds did not heal because of the patient's early postoperative death, ischemia not amenable to revascularization, or noncompliance. Six below-knee amputations were performed (one despite a patent bypass and five in adequately vascularized patients). The average time for wounds to heal in the revascularized patients was 79 days versus 71 days in adequately vascularized patients. There was an overall 43 percent complication rate. Of the patients who were alive after the 3-year follow-up, 73 percent were independently ambulating, whereas 27 percent were bound to wheelchair or bed. Eighty-two percent of patients were very satisfied with the salvage attempt, 18 percent were moderately satisfied, and all patients said they would go through the process again. The authors believe that salvaging the threatened extremity in the renal failure diabetic patient is justified whether or not the limb requires revascularization. Revascularization improved the limb salvage rate, patient survival, and days for wounds to heal to a level comparable to that of the adequately vascularized limb. The key to subsequently achieving high salvage rates is the quality of perioperative wound care (e.g., serial debridements, antibiotics, dressings) and the timing and selection of appropriate soft-tissue coverage. PMID:11964979

Attinger, Christopher E; Ducic, Ivica; Neville, Richard F; Abbruzzese, Mark R; Gomes, Mario; Sidawy, Anton N

2002-04-01

206

Early and mid-term results of minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting  

PubMed Central

Introduction Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (MICABG) is a less invasive method of performing surgical revascularization. This technique coupled with use of off pump technique of surgical revascularization makes it truly less invasive. This method is highly effective even in high-risk patients. Results of this procedure are comparable to standard off pump technique and are better than percutaneous coronary intervention utilizing drug-eluting stent. We present an early and mid-term result of the use of this technique. Method We enrolled 33 patients for analysis operated between 2008 and 2012. Operation was performed utilizing off-pump technique of coronary artery bypass grafting through a minimal invasive incision. Left internal mammary artery graft was done for single vessel disease and radial artery was utilized for other grafts if required. Median follow up of 2.5 years (6 months–4 years) is available. Results Median age was 58.5 years (41–77) and all were male. Single vessel disease was present in 7, double vessel in 14 and triple vessel disease in 12 patients. All the patients had normal left ventricular size and function. There was no operative and 30-day mortality. Conversion to median sternotomy to complete the operation was done in 6.6% (2 out of 33 patients). One patient had acute myocardial infarction and there were no deaths during follow up. Conclusion MICABG is a safe and effective method of revascularization in low risk candidates for coronary artery bypass grafting. PMID:24814114

Pande, Shantanu; Agarwal, Surendra K.; Gupta, Devendra; Mohanty, Satayapriya; Kapoor, Aditya; Tewari, Satyendra; Bansal, Anubhav; Ambesh, Sushil P.

2014-01-01

207

Coronary heart disease  

MedlinePLUS

Heart disease, Coronary heart disease, Coronary artery disease; Arteriosclerotic heart disease; CHD; CAD ... Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in the United States for men and women. Coronary ...

208

Resolute zotarolimus-eluting coronary stent system for the treatment of coronary artery disease.  

PubMed

Drug eluting stents were an important addition to the interventional options available for patients with coronary artery disease, and they effectively reduced the risk of restenosis observed with bare metal stents. However, the drugs and polymers used in the composition of drug eluting stents were found to delay vascular healing and elicit inflammatory responses, which contributed to late and very late stent thrombosis events. Newer generation drug eluting stents have been engineered with polymers that are more biocompatible and have more favorable drug elution profiles. The Resolute(®) zotarolimus eluting stent (R-ZES) is a new-generation drug eluting stent. The Global RESOLUTE clinical program was designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the R-ZES. The studies conducted under this program have established that the R-ZES safely and effectively treats coronary artery stenosis, with low rates of target lesion failure, target vessel revascularization, and stent thrombosis during extended follow-up. PMID:24693989

Widimský, Petr

2014-05-01

209

Coronary arteries  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   Coronary angiography (CA) is presently considered the gold standard for the assessment of the coronary arteries. However,\\u000a the presence of ionizing radiation, its invasiveness and the small associated risk of morbidity prompted long ago the development\\u000a of more patient-friendly imaging modalities. A promising technique, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), has been regarded as\\u000a the major modality in the coming decade.

P. A. Wielopolski; R. J. M. van Geuns; P. J. de Feyter; M. Oudkerk

2000-01-01

210

Stenting for coronary intervention-related dissection of the left main coronary artery with extension to the aortic root: a case report.  

PubMed

Retrograde aortocoronary dissection is a rare but devastating complication of coronary angioplasty. It occurs most frequently in the right coronary artery, rarely in the left. This is a case report of an aortic dissection complicated by coronary angioplasty of the left circumflex artery. Stenting of the left main coronary artery successfully sealed the entry point of dissection. PMID:19088533

Cheng, Cheng-Chung; Tsao, Tien-Ping; Tzeng, Bing-Hsiean; Cheng, Shu-Meng; Yang, Shih-Ping

2008-11-01

211

First-in-Man Experience With the ReVive PV Peripheral Thrombectomy Device for the Revascularization of Below-the-Knee Embolic Occlusions.  

PubMed

Purpose : To report the initial use of a novel thrombectomy device for revascularization of below-the-knee thromboembolic occlusions encountered during proximal revascularization procedures. Case Reports : The ReVive PV Peripheral Thrombectomy Device is a non-detachable, self-expanding stent-like device recently approved for peripheral thrombectomy. Four patients (3 women; mean age 68.8 years) undergoing proximal revascularization procedures experienced embolic occlusions of all 3 trifurcation vessels in 1 patient, the tibioperoneal trunk alone in 2 cases, and the peroneal artery alone in the last patient. In all cases, the involved arteries represented the primary or sole vessel(s) providing outflow to the lower extremity. In each case, the ReVive PV device was used to successfully extract the thrombus and restore flow to the distal extremity. No complications were encountered during any of the procedures. Conclusion : The ReVive PV peripheral thrombectomy device may facilitate the safe and efficient revascularization of distal arterial embolic occlusions. PMID:25290805

Landau, David; Moomey, Charles; Fiorella, David

2014-10-01

212

Cardiac power index, mean arterial pressure, and Simplified Acute Physiology Score II are strong predictors of survival and response to revascularization in cardiogenic shock.  

PubMed

Short-term prognostic factors in patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) have previously been established using only hemodynamic parameters without taking into account classic intensive care unit (ICU) severity score or organ failure/support. The aim of this study was to assess early predictors of in-hospital mortality of a monocentric cohort of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction complicated by early CS. We retrospectively studied 85 consecutive patients with CS complicating acute myocardial infarction and Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction flow grade 3 after percutaneous coronary revascularization. All patients were managed according to the following algorithm: initial resuscitation by a mobile medical unit or in-hospital critical care physician unit followed by percutaneous coronary revascularization and CS management in the ICU. Prehospital CS was diagnosed in 69% of cases, initially complicated by an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in 64% of cases. All patients were treated with vasopressors, 82% were ventilated, and 22% underwent extrarenal epuration. The 28-day mortality rate was 39%. Under multivariate analysis, initial cardiac power index, mean arterial pressure of less than 75 mmHg at hour 6 of ICU management, and Simplified Acute Physiology Score II were independent predictive factors of in-hospital mortality. In conclusion, parameters directly related to cardiac performance and vascular response to vasopressors and admission Simplified Acute Physiology Score II are strong predictors of in-hospital mortality. PMID:24827392

Popovic, Batric; Fay, Renaud; Cravoisy-Popovic, Aurelie; Levy, Bruno

2014-07-01

213

Incomplete Revascularization is Associated with Higher Risk of Long-Term Mortality after Stenting in the Era of First Generation Drug-Eluting Stents  

PubMed Central

The association between incomplete revascularization (IR) and long-term mortality following stenting in the era of drug-eluting stents (DES) is not well understood. In this study, we test the hypothesis that IR is associated with a higher risk of long-term (5-year) mortality following stenting for multivessel coronary disease. Using data from New York State’s Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Reporting System, 21,767 patients with multivessel disease who underwent stenting between October 2003 and December 2005 were identified. Complete revascularization (CR) was achieved in 6,844 (31.4%) patients, and 14,923 (68.6%) patients were incompletely revascularized. The CR and IR patients were propensity-matched on a 1:1 ratio on the number of diseased vessels, the presence of total occlusion, type of stents, and the probability of achieving CR estimated using a logistic model with established risk factors as independent variables. Patients were followed for vital status until December 31, 2008 using the National Death Index. Differences in survival between the matched CR and IR patients were compared. Among the 6,511 pairs of propensity-matched patients, the 5-year survival rate for IR was lower compared to CR (79.3% vs. 81.4%, P=0.004), and the risk of death during follow-up was 16% higher for IR in comparison to CR (hazard ratio=1.16, 95% confidence interval: 1.06–1.27, P=0.001). In addition, subgroup analyses demonstrated that the association between IR and long-term mortality was not dependent on major patient risk factors. In conclusion, IR is associated with an increased risk of long-term mortality following stenting for multivessel disease in the DES era. PMID:23756548

Wu, Chuntao; Dyer, Anne-Marie; Walford, Gary; Holmes, David R.; King, Spencer B.; Stamato, Nicholas J.; Sharma, Samin; Jacobs, Alice K.; Venditti, Ferdinand J.; Hannan, Edward L.

2013-01-01

214

Depression Treatment in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease: A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Objective: Depression has been linked to adverse coronary artery disease outcomes. Whether depression treatment improves or worsens coronary artery disease prognosis is unclear. This 25-year systematic review examines medical outcomes, and, secondarily, mood outcomes of depression treatment among patients with coronary artery disease. Data Sources: We systematically reviewed the past 25 years (January 1, 1986–December 31, 2011) of prospective trials reporting on the medical outcomes of depression treatment among patients with established coronary artery disease using keywords and MESH terms from OVID MEDLINE. Search 1 combined depression AND coronary artery disease AND antidepressants. Search 2 combined depression AND coronary artery disease AND psychotherapy. Search 3 combined depression AND revascularization AND antidepressants OR psychotherapy. Study Selection: English-language longitudinal randomized controlled trials, with at least 50 depressed coronary artery disease patients, reporting the impact of psychotherapy and/or antidepressants on cardiac and mood outcomes were included. Data Extraction: Data extracted included author name, year published, number of participants, enrollment criteria, depression definition/measures (standardized interviews, rating scales), power analyses, description of control arms and interventions (psychotherapy and/or medications), randomization, blinding, follow-up duration, follow-up loss, depression scores, and medical outcomes Results: The review yielded 10 trials. Antidepressant and/or psychotherapy did not significantly influence coronary artery disease outcomes in the overall population, but most studies were underpowered. There was a trend toward worse coronary artery disease outcomes after treatment with bupropion. Conclusions: After an acute coronary syndrome, depression often spontaneously remitted without treatment. Post–acute coronary syndrome persistence of depression predicted adverse coronary artery disease outcomes. Antidepressant and/or psychotherapy, particularly as part of the Coronary Psychosocial Evaluation Studies intervention, may improve prognosis in persistent depression among post–acute coronary syndrome patients. Noradrenergic antidepressants should be prescribed cautiously in patients with coronary artery disease. PMID:24511449

Trejo, Edgardo; Faraone, Stephen V.

2013-01-01

215

Isolated Left Main Coronary Artery Stenosis after Thoracic Radiation Therapy: To Operate or Not to Operate  

PubMed Central

Radiation therapy of neoplasms involving the chest or mediastinum results in a wide spectrum of cardiac complications including coronary artery disease, which can present in patients with few or no traditional cardiac risk factors. We report a case of radiation induced coronary artery disease in a 60-year-old female with a history of stage IIIA nonsmall cell lung carcinoma which was diagnosed eight years earlier and treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. She presented to the hospital with atypical chest pain that had occurred intermittently over the preceding week. Her initial electrocardiogram and cardiac enzymes were within normal limits. However, following an indeterminate exercise nuclear stress test, she developed chest pain and elevated cardiac enzymes. Coronary angiography demonstrated 90% stenosis of the left main coronary artery ostium, without any evidence of atherosclerotic disease or stenosis in other coronary arteries. She underwent surgical revascularization, which revealed dense adhesions surrounding the heart. During surgery, she developed severe bleeding and died. Coronary artery disease can present within years of radiation exposure, and ostial lesions are typical. Treatment is often challenging because of the effects of radiation on other tissues and the risks of revascularization procedures. Therefore, a multidisciplinary team approach should be considered. PMID:24416042

Alsara, Osama; Alsarah, Ahmad; Kalavakunta, Jagadeesh K.; Abela, George S.

2013-01-01

216

Why is coronary collateral growth impaired in type II diabetes and the metabolic syndrome?  

PubMed Central

Type II diabetes and the metabolic syndrome are strong predictors of severity of occlusive coronary disease and poorer outcomes of coronary revascularization therapies. Coronary collateral growth can provide an alternative or accessory pathway of revascularization. However, collateral growth is impaired in type II diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. Although many factors necessary for collateral growth are known and many interventions have shown promising results in animal studies, not a single attempt to induce coronary collateral growth in human clinical trials has led to satisfactory results. Accordingly, the first part of this review outlines the known deleterious effects of diabetes and the metabolic syndrome on factors necessary for collateral growth, including pro-angiogenic growth factors, endothelial function, the redox state of the coronary circulation, intracellular signaling, leukocytes and bone marrow-derived progenitors cells. The second section highlights the gaps in our current knowledge of how these factors interact with the radically altered environment of the coronary circulation in diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. The interplay between these pathologies and inadequately explored areas related to the temporal regulation of collateral remodeling and the roles of the extracellular matrix, vascular cell phenotype and pro-inflammatory cytokines are emphasized with implications to development of efficient therapies. PMID:22342811

Rocic, Petra

2012-01-01

217

Use of Drug-Eluting Stents in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease and Renal Insufficiency  

PubMed Central

Renal insufficiency (RI) has been shown to be associated with increased major adverse cardiovascular events after percutaneous coronary intervention. We reviewed the impact of RI on the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease and outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention in the form of drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in these high-risk patients. We searched the English-language literature indexed in MEDLINE, Scopus, and EBSCO Host research databases from 1990 through January 2009, using as search terms coronary revascularization, drug-eluting stent, and renal insufficiency. Studies that assessed DES implantation in patients with various degrees of RI were selected for review. Most of the available data were extracted from observational studies, and data from randomized trials formed the basis of a post hoc analysis. The outcomes after coronary revascularization were less favorable in patients with RI than in those with normal renal function. In patients with RI, DES implantation yielded better outcomes than did use of bare-metal stents. Randomized trials are needed to define optimal treatment of these high-risk patients with coronary artery disease. PMID:20118392

El-Menyar, Ayman A.; Al Suwaidi, Jassim; Holmes, David R.

2010-01-01

218

Use of drug-eluting stents in patients with coronary artery disease and renal insufficiency.  

PubMed

Renal insufficiency (RI) has been shown to be associated with increased major adverse cardiovascular events after percutaneous coronary intervention. We reviewed the impact of RI on the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease and outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention in the form of drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in these high-risk patients. We searched the English-language literature indexed in MEDLINE, Scopus, and EBSCO Host research databases from 1990 through January 2009, using as search terms coronary revascularization, drug-eluting stent, and renal insufficiency. Studies that assessed DES implantation in patients with various degrees of RI were selected for review. Most of the available data were extracted from observational studies, and data from randomized trials formed the basis of a post hoc analysis. The outcomes after coronary revascularization were less favorable in patients with RI than in those with normal renal function. In patients with RI, DES implantation yielded better outcomes than did use of bare-metal stents. Randomized trials are needed to define optimal treatment of these high-risk patients with coronary artery disease. PMID:20118392

El-Menyar, Ayman A; Al Suwaidi, Jassim; Holmes, David R

2010-02-01

219

T-cadherin is essential for adiponectin-mediated revascularization.  

PubMed

Adipose tissue secretes protein factors that have systemic actions on cardiovascular tissues. Previous studies have shown that ablation of the adipocyte-secreted protein adiponectin leads to endothelial dysfunction, whereas its overexpression promotes wound healing. However, the receptor(s) mediating the protective effects of adiponectin on the vasculature is not known. Here we examined the role of membrane protein T-cadherin, which localizes adiponectin to the vascular endothelium, in the revascularization response to chronic ischemia. T-cadherin-deficient mice were analyzed in a model of hind limb ischemia where blood flow is surgically disrupted in one limb and recovery is monitored over 28 days by laser Doppler perfusion imaging. In this model, T-cadherin-deficient mice phenocopy adiponectin-deficient mice such that both strains display an impaired blood flow recovery compared with wild-type controls. Delivery of exogenous adiponectin rescued the impaired revascularization phenotype in adiponectin-deficient mice but not in T-cadherin-deficient mice. In cultured endothelial cells, T-cadherin deficiency by siRNA knockdown prevented the ability of adiponectin to promote cellular migration and proliferation. These data highlight a previously unrecognized role for T-cadherin in limb revascularization and show that it is essential for mediating the vascular actions of adiponectin. PMID:23824191

Parker-Duffen, Jennifer L; Nakamura, Kazuto; Silver, Marcy; Kikuchi, Ryosuke; Tigges, Ulrich; Yoshida, Sumiko; Denzel, Martin S; Ranscht, Barbara; Walsh, Kenneth

2013-08-23

220

Coronary artery stenosis.  

PubMed

The near exponential rise in percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI) in the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease and the consequent decline in referral of patients for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has lead to a crisis in cardiac surgery. Is CABG, one of the most successful and widely applied surgical procedures, about to follow surgery for peptic ulcer disease into obsolescence? The question has serious implications for service provision and training as well as for informed patient consent. Keith Dawkins puts the case for PCI and gives a very clear and concise account of its inexorable rise to pre-eminence. David Taggart has taken on the Goliath of interventional cardiology and its associated industry by persuasively marshalling the data from the evidence base which strongly favours surgery in triple vessel and left main coronary disease. He points to the lack of long-term results and also to the weaknesses of many of the comparative studies so far published. His arguments have been positively received on both sides of the Atlantic but it is by no means certain that they will bring about the multidisciplinary approach to providing patients with treatment options which he and others advocate. It also remains to be seen whether the evidence base when it is eventually acquired will vindicate the present increasing dominance of PCI over CABG. PMID:16719994

Weir, Ian

2006-05-01

221

Tryptase and Coronary Heart Disease  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Acute Coronary Syndrome With ST Elevation on Electrocardiogram; Acute Coronary Syndrome Without ST Elevation on Electrocardiogram; Noncritical Coronary Artery Disease With Coronary Stenosis <50%; Aortic Aneurysms

2014-09-16

222

Exacerbation of major artery aneurysms after revascularization in patients with moyamoya disease: two case reports.  

PubMed

The natural history of aneurysms of the major arteries after revascularization in moyamoya disease has yet to be documented. At our institute, we treated two patients with moyamoya disease-associated aneurysms involving major arteries of the posterior cerebral circulation. The aneurysms became enlarged at an early stage after revascularization, necessitating coil embolization. Although cerebral blood flow was improved in the anterior circulation, revascularization for these patients did not decrease hemodynamic stress in the posterior circulation and was not able to attenuate aneurysmal growth. Therefore, patients with moyamoya disease-associated aneurysms of the major arteries should be carefully monitored after revascularization. PMID:25263621

Ito, Yoshiro; Nakai, Yasunobu; Kino, Hiroyoshi; Koiso, Takao; Nakamura, Kazuhiro; Uemura, Kazuya; Matsumura, Akira

2014-10-15

223

Interposition vein graft for giant coronary aneurysm repair  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Coronary aneurysms in adults are rare. Surgical treatment is often concomitant to treating obstructing coronary lesions. However, the ideal treatment strategy is poorly defined. We present a case of successful treatment of a large coronary artery aneurysm with a reverse saphenous interposition vein graft. This modality offers important benefits over other current surgical and percutaneous techniques and should be considered as an option for patients requiring treatment for coronary aneurysms.

Firstenberg, M. S.; Azoury, F.; Lytle, B. W.; Thomas, J. D.

2000-01-01

224

Circulating Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 Is Associated with Angiographic Severity and Extent of Coronary Artery Disease  

PubMed Central

Objective Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a circulating regulator of phosphate and vitamin D metabolism and is associated with coronary artery calcification, and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to determine whether circulating FGF23 concentration is independently associated with the severity and extent of coronary artery disease in patients undergoing coronary angiography. Method A cross-sectional design was used to examine the relationship between serum FGF23 and the severity and extent of coronary artery stenosis in 2076 patients undergoing coronary angiography (1263 male and 813 female, mean aged 62.5 years). Subgroup analyses were performed to assess the associations between FGF23 and coronary arterial plaque characteristics evaluated by intravascular ultrasound and 12-month incidence of target vessel revascularization (TVR) and target lesion revascularization (TLR). Findings We found a stepwise increase of serum FGF23 concentrations in patients with mild, moderate, severe stenosis or with increased number of stenotic vessels compared with those without stenosis (P<0.001). Serum FGF23 concentration was positively correlated with stenosis scores as the global index of the severity and extent of coronary artery stenosis in both male and female (r?=?0.315 and r?=?0.291, P<0.001). In multiple regression analyses, serum FGF23 concentration was a significant determinant of the stenosis scores independent of other traditional risk factors (standardized ??=?0.326, P<0.001). Furthermore, subgroup analyses found FGF23 was significantly associated with plaque and dense calcium volumes. Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that serum FGF23 levels were significantly independent predictors of TVR and TLR. Conclusions We report an independent association between circulating FGF23 concentration and the severity and extent of coronary artery stenosis in the coronary angiographic patients. Future studies are needed to elucidate the potential biological mechanisms and whether FGF23 is a modifiable cardiovascular risk factor. PMID:24015259

Xiao, Yunjun; Peng, Chaoqiong; Huang, Wei; Zhang, Jinzhou; Xia, Min; Zhang, Yuan; Ling, Wenhua

2013-01-01

225

Coronary arteriography and angioplasty  

SciTech Connect

This book explores biomedical radiography of the heart. Topics considered include six bench marks in the history of cardiac catheterization; normal coronary anatomy; anomalies of the coronary arteries; pathoanotomy of the coronary arteries and complications; indications, limitations, and risks of coronary arteriography and left ventriculography; catheterization techniques in coronary arteriography and left ventriculography: the Sones technique; catheterization techniques in coronary arteriography and left ventriculography: the Judkins technique; modification of Judkins catheters; catheterization techniques in coronary arteriography and left ventriculography multipurpose technique; new views in coronary arteriography; quantitative evaluation of left ventricular function; complications of coronary arteriography: management during and following the procedure; interpretation of coronary arteriograms and left ventriculograms; prevalence and distribution of disease in patients catheterized for suspected coronary disease at Emory University Hospital; the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory; selection for surgery or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty; intracoronary thrombolysis; and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.

King, S.B.; Douglas, J.S.

1985-01-01

226

Late intervention in an asymptomatic pediatric patient with anomalous left coronary artery.  

PubMed

Anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is most commonly diagnosed within the first year of life with congestive heart failure symptomatology reflecting left ventricle (LV) dysfunction. The late diagnosis of ALCAPA is presented in a 5-year-old without significant LV dysfunction, mild LV dilatation and only mild mitral regurgitation that did not change significantly after surgery. The timing of surgical intervention in the late diagnosis of ALCAPA remains unclear despite risks of significant ongoing myocardial injury secondary to coronary artery hypoperfusion and progressive mitral valve dysfunction. Intervention in this case allows for revascularization which may reverse ventricular and valvular dysfunction. PMID:25228967

Lam, John C; Giuffre, Michael; Myers, Kimberley A

2014-08-26

227

Novel drug-eluting stents in the treatment of de novo coronary lesions  

PubMed Central

Due to safety concerns in recent years, much effort has been devoted to improving the outcomes associated with drug-eluting stents (DESs). This review summarizes the current status of methodological and technical achievements reported in second-generation DES. Novel stents are described based on the component (the platform, the polymer, and the drug) that has undergone the most significant changes compared to earlier generation DES. An overview of the currently available evidence on the use of novel coronary devices in patients undergoing coronary revascularization is also reviewed. PMID:21415924

Capodanno, Davide; Dipasqua, Fabio; Tamburino, Corrado

2011-01-01

228

Coronary Subclavian Steal Syndrome: An Unusual Cause of Angina in a Post-CABG Patient  

PubMed Central

Coronary subclavian steal syndrome is a rare complication of coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) when a left internal mammary artery (LIMA) graft is utilized. This syndrome is characterized by retrograde flow from the LIMA to the left subclavian artery (SA) when a proximal left SA stenosis is present. We describe a unique case of an elderly male who underwent CABG 6 years ago who presented with prolonged chest pain, mildly elevated troponins, and unequal pulses in his arms. A CTA of the chest demonstrated a severely calcified occluded proximal left SA jeopardizing his LIMA graft. Subclavian angiography was performed with an attempt to revascularize the patient's occluded left SA which was unsuccessful. We referred the patient for nuclear stress testing which demonstrated a moderate size area of anterior ischemia on imaging; the patient exercised to a fair exercise capacity of 7 METS with no chest pain and no ECG changes. Subsequent coronary angiography showed severe native three-vessel coronary artery disease with intermittent retrograde blood flow from the LIMA to the left SA distal to the occlusion, jeopardizing perfusion to the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery distribution. He declined further options for revascularization and was discharged with medical management. PMID:24872896

Page, Brian J.

2014-01-01

229

Coronary Subclavian Steal Syndrome: An Unusual Cause of Angina in a Post-CABG Patient.  

PubMed

Coronary subclavian steal syndrome is a rare complication of coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) when a left internal mammary artery (LIMA) graft is utilized. This syndrome is characterized by retrograde flow from the LIMA to the left subclavian artery (SA) when a proximal left SA stenosis is present. We describe a unique case of an elderly male who underwent CABG 6 years ago who presented with prolonged chest pain, mildly elevated troponins, and unequal pulses in his arms. A CTA of the chest demonstrated a severely calcified occluded proximal left SA jeopardizing his LIMA graft. Subclavian angiography was performed with an attempt to revascularize the patient's occluded left SA which was unsuccessful. We referred the patient for nuclear stress testing which demonstrated a moderate size area of anterior ischemia on imaging; the patient exercised to a fair exercise capacity of 7 METS with no chest pain and no ECG changes. Subsequent coronary angiography showed severe native three-vessel coronary artery disease with intermittent retrograde blood flow from the LIMA to the left SA distal to the occlusion, jeopardizing perfusion to the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery distribution. He declined further options for revascularization and was discharged with medical management. PMID:24872896

Younus, Usman; Abbott, Brandon; Narasimha, Deepika; Page, Brian J

2014-01-01

230

[Assessment of coronary artery stents in computed tomography: state of the art].  

PubMed

Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) with stent implantation play an important role in the revascularization therapy of coronary artery disease. Introduction of drug eluting stents (DES) diminished problem of restenosis but brought several new major problems like i.e. late stent thrombosis. This makes bare metal stents (BMS) still popular choice for some patients. Coronary-artery-computed-tomography becomes useful device in the noninvasive diagnostics measure of restenosis after PCI. Development of 64-slice computed tomography (CT) enables the noninvasive imaging and evaluation of stents with diameter higher than 3,0 mm and detection of significant restenosis with a low number of false positive results. CT allows with high accuracy to exclude in-stent restenosis among patients with atypical angina, especially those localized in proximal segments of coronary arteries. Future development of CT is needful since evaluation of significant number of examinations remains difficult or impossible due to presence of artifacts. PMID:20557013

Krupi?ski, Maciej; Miszalski-Jamka, Tomasz; Klimeczek, Piotr; Bany?, Robert Pawe?; Irzyk, Ma?gorzata; Laskowicz, Bartosz; Pasowicz, Mieczys?aw

2010-01-01

231

Cardiac nociceptive reflexes after transmyocardial laser revascularization: Implications for the neural hypothesis of angina relief  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The mechanism by which transmyocardial laser revascularization relieves angina is not understood. One theory is that laser-induced thermal damage to cardiac nerves results in cardiac denervation. This study examined the acute effects of transmyocardial laser revascularization on reflex responses mediated by cardiac nociceptors, the left ventricular receptors with sympathetic afferent fibers that are thought to mediate anginal chest pain.

Anthony J. Minisi; On Topaz; M. Susan Quinn; Laxmi B. Mohanty

2001-01-01

232

Coronary Microvascular Disease (MVD)  

MedlinePLUS

... damaged or diseased. Coronary MVD is different from traditional coronary heart disease (CHD), also called coronary artery ... drop in estrogen levels during menopause combined with traditional heart disease risk factors. Both men and women ...

233

Subclavian Revascularization in the Age of Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair and Comparison of Outcomes in Patients with Occlusive Disease  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE Open surgical revascularization for subclavian artery occlusive disease (OD) has largely been supplanted by endovascular treatment despite the excellent long-term patency of bypass. The indications for carotid-subclavian bypass (CSB) and subclavian transposition (ST) have been recently expanded with the widespread application of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR), primarily to augment proximal landing zones or treat endovascular failures. This study was performed to determine the outcomes of patients undergoing C-S BP/ST in the context of contemporary endovascular therapies and evolving indications. METHODS A prospective database including all procedures performed at a single institution from 2002–2012 was retrospectively queried for patients who have undergone subclavian revascularization for either TEVAR or OD indications. Patient demographics and perioperative outcomes were recorded. Patency was determined by computed tomographic angiography in the TEVAR group, while non-invasive studies were used for the OD patients. Life table methods were used to estimate patency, re-intervention and survival. RESULTS A total of 139 procedures were identified, with 101 performed for TEVAR, and 38 for OD. All TEVAR patients underwent CSB/ST to augment landing zones (preoperative 49%; intraoperative 41%), treat arm ischemia (postoperative, 8%), or for internal mammary artery salvage (2%). OD patients had a variety of indications [failed stent/arm fatigue, 49%; asymptomatic, >80% internal carotid stenosis with concurrent subclavian occlusion, 18%; symptomatic cerebrovascular occlusive disease (CVOD), 13%; redo bypass, 8%; and coronary-subclavian steal, 5%]. There were no significant differences in postoperative stroke and death, primary patency, or freedom from reintervention. The 30-day postoperative stroke, death, and combined stroke/death were 10.8%, 5.8%, and 13.7% for the entire cohort; 8.9%, 7.1%, and 12.9% in TEVAR patients and 15.8%, 2.6%, and 15.8% in OD patients, r espectively. One and 3-year primary patencies of TEVAR and OD patients were 94%, 94% and 93%, 73%, respectively. There was no difference in survival between the groups, with 1 and 5-year survival estimated to be 88% and 76%, respectively. CONCLUSION In this contemporary series of CSB/ST performed for TEVAR and OD indications, stroke risk may be higher than previously reported in historical series. In TEVAR patients, this may be attributed to procedural complexity of the TEVAR in patients requiring subclavian revascularization. In OD patients, this is likely due to the changing patient population who require more frequent concomitant carotid interventions. Despite the short-term morbidity, excellent bypass durability and equivalent long-term patient survival can be anticipated. PMID:23711694

Scali, Salvatore T.; Chang, Catherine K.; Pape, Stephen G.; Feezor, Robert J.; Berceli, Scott A.; Huber, Thomas S.; Beck, Adam W.

2014-01-01

234

Islet engraftment and revascularization in clinical and experimental transplantation.  

PubMed

Proper revascularization after transplantation is assumed to be crucial for appropriate islet graft function. We developed a novel noninvasive imaging method, based on adenoviral transduction of islets with a hypoxia responsive reporter gene, for continuous in vivo monitoring of hypoxia in islet grafts in a mouse model. In addition, morphological data were obtained from a deceased patient previously subject to intraportal transplantation. We detected only transient hypoxia in a minority of the animals transplanted. Importantly, a clear response to hypoxia was observed in vitro after removal of the islet grafts on day 28 after transplantation. Also, the morphological data from the deceased patient demonstrated an extensive revascularization of the transplanted islets. In fact, no differences could be seen between native islets, in pancreas biopsies taken prior to islet isolation, and transplanted islets regarding the number, distribution, and shape of the blood vessels. However, fewer small islets (diameter <39 µm) were found in the liver compared to those found in native pancreases. Notably, an absolute majority of the transplanted islets were found remaining within the venous lumen, in direct contact with the vessel wall. In conclusion, the results presented show less pronounced islet graft hypoxia after subcapsular transplantation than previously reported using more invasive methods. Also, formation of an extensive intraislet capillary network, similar to that seen in native islets in the pancreas, was seen after clinical islet transplantation. PMID:22584061

Molnár, Christian; Essand, Magnus; Wennberg, Lars; Berne, Christian; Larsson, Erik; Tufveson, Gunnar; Korsgren, Olle

2013-01-01

235

New Treatment Applying Low Level Laser Therapy for Acute Dehiscence Saphenectomy in Post Myocardial Revascularization.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introduction: In Brazil, the main cause of death is the coronary heart disease and the surgical treatment applied in such cases is the Myocardial Revascularization (MR). Patients undergoing to MR through saphenous vein bypass development dehiscence in 10% of the cases. Dehiscence of surgical incision through Biomodulation treatment with Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) in patients who underwent to MR seems to be an unprecedented new therapy and a less invasive technique, which can benefit patients and Institutions, reducing costs. Methodology: It was analyzed 7 diabetic patients, mean age 51, 8 years old that post MR surgery presented dehiscence of the saphenectomy incision on lower limb with erithema, edema and pain. The wounds area varies from 2,2 until 34,8 cm and deep from 0,1 until 1,1 cm. It was used only Diode Laser C.W. (655 nm wavelength), Power = 25 mW, Time = 30 s, Fluence = 4 J/cm2 applied punctually around surgical wound's sore, by 2 cm distance. Results: It was observed granulated tissue all around the incision, as well as decreased inflammatory process, reduction fibrin and wound's size, besides analgesic effect since the first application. It was required in superficial wounds only 3 applications, while in the extensive wounds 8-10 applications were necessary. The LLLT has shown a remarkable role as a wound healing facilitated agent, reflecting the reduction of inflammatory process and improving analgesia. Conclusion: LLLT assisted dehiscence post saphenectomy showed a substantial improvement to the patient's quality of life, with a cost-effectiveness treatment that can benefit both patients and Institutions as an effective and less invasive therapy.

Pinto, Nathali Cordeiro; Shoji, Nara; Junior, Mauro Favoretto; Muramatso, Mikiya; Chavantes, Maria Cristina; Stolf, Noedir A. G.

2008-04-01

236

The life and hard times of a coronary surgeon.  

PubMed

Coronary artery bypass is arguably the most extensively studied operation in surgical history. The technical advances and beneficial effects on symptoms and prognosis have been well documented over four decades. Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) have also evolved through numerous modifications, and symptom relief has been substantiated; both modalities have been challenged by many randomized controlled trials. The rapid growth of PCIs has decreased coronary artery bypass volumes, and resulted in concerns about training, teaching, research, jobs and income. The most important concern, however, is the increasing 'off-label' application of PCIs with drug-eluting stents to a variety of untested coronary lesions. The randomized controlled trials studied a small fraction of those registered and excluded patients who are known to benefit from surgery and, thus, these studies were inherently biased. The results were then extrapolated to 'real-world' patients, who had been misinformed and misled about the performance and prognosis of coronary stents, as was later revealed in various registries. Hospitals should develop a collaborative revascularization strategy to provide patients and families with realistic alternatives. PMID:17347687

Goldman, Bernard S

2007-03-01

237

The life and hard times of a coronary surgeon  

PubMed Central

Coronary artery bypass is arguably the most extensively studied operation in surgical history. The technical advances and beneficial effects on symptoms and prognosis have been well documented over four decades. Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) have also evolved through numerous modifications, and symptom relief has been substantiated; both modalities have been challenged by many randomized controlled trials. The rapid growth of PCIs has decreased coronary artery bypass volumes, and resulted in concerns about training, teaching, research, jobs and income. The most important concern, however, is the increasing ‘off-label’ application of PCIs with drug-eluting stents to a variety of untested coronary lesions. The randomized controlled trials studied a small fraction of those registered and excluded patients who are known to benefit from surgery and, thus, these studies were inherently biased. The results were then extrapolated to ‘real-world’ patients, who had been misinformed and misled about the performance and prognosis of coronary stents, as was later revealed in various registries. Hospitals should develop a collaborative revascularization strategy to provide patients and families with realistic alternatives. PMID:17347687

Goldman, Bernard S

2007-01-01

238

Comparison of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting with Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Unprotected Left Main Coronary Artery Disease  

PubMed Central

Purpose Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the optimal treatment option for left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD). However, LMCAD remains a constant topic of discussion between cardiac surgeons and interventional cardiologists. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of LMCAD treatments by comparing the mid-term outcomes of CABG and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using bare metal stents or drug-eluting stents (DESs). Materials and Methods The study population was comprised of 199 consecutive patients admitted with unprotected LMCAD. All of the patients were assigned to PCI (88 patients) or CABG (111 patients). The primary clinical end point indicated death, stroke of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Results Patients assigned to PCI were at higher operative risk than patients scheduled for CABG (6.49±4.09 vs. 4.81±2.67, p=0.0032). Comparison of the group that received DESs with the CABG group did not reveal any differences in major adverse cardio-cerebral events (MACCE) occurrence (21% vs. 16%, p=NS). Patients in the CABG and PCI groups died with similar frequency (11% vs. 16%, p=NS). The mortality rate in the CABG group was higher than among those treated with DES (11% vs. 3%, p=0.049). The rate of ACS was higher in the PCI group than in the CABG group (13% vs. 4%, p=0.016). Conclusion Despite the fact that patients treated with PCI were at higher operative risk, PCI with DES was shown to be comparable to CABG in terms of mortality, stroke and ACS. However, the frequency of repeat revascularizations remains a constant concern with PCI. PMID:22187233

Morawiec, Beata; Fudal, Marcin; Milejski, Wojciech; Jachec, Wojciech; Nowalany-Kozielska, Ewa

2012-01-01

239

The PARAGON stent study: a randomized trial of a new martensitic nitinol stent versus the Palmaz-Schatz stent for treatment of complex native coronary arterial lesions.  

PubMed

A new martensitic nitinol stent with improved flexibility and radiopacity was tested to evaluate whether these differences improve initial or long-term outcome. Patients who underwent percutaneous revascularization of a discrete native coronary lesion were randomly assigned to the new stent (PARAGON, n = 349) or to the first-generation Palmaz-Schatz (PS) stent (n = 339). The primary end point was target vessel failure at 6 months (a composite of cardiac or noncardiac death, any infarction in the distribution of the treated vessel, or clinically indicated target vessel revascularization). Secondary end points were, among others, device and procedural success and angiographic restenosis. Mean age was 62 years; diabetes was present in 21% of patients, prior bypass surgery in 6%, and recent infarction in 22% (p = NS for comparison between the 2 randomized arms). The PARAGON stent group had smaller reference vessels (2.97 vs 3.05 mm, p = 0.05), more prior restenosis (8.0% vs 4.5%, p = 0.07), and a longer average stent length (21.3 vs 19.4 mm, p < 0.05). Device success was significantly higher in the PARAGON arm (99.1% vs 94.3%, p < 0.05). Death and infarction at 6-month follow-up were infrequent in both groups. There was no significant difference in death (2.0% vs 1.2%, p = 0.546), but a higher rate of infarction for the PARAGON cohort (9.2% vs 4.7%, p = 0.025). Although target vessel failure (20.3% vs 12.4%, p = 0.005) and target lesion revascularization (12.0% vs 5.9%, p = 0.005) were higher in the PARAGON group, there was no significant difference in 6-month follow-up in in-stent minimal lumen diameter or in the rate of binary angiographic restenosis. Both PARAGON and PS stents are safe and associated with infrequent adverse events. The PARAGON stent can be delivered more frequently than the first-generation PS stent. Although there was no significant difference in in-stent minimal lumen diameter or the frequency of angiographic restenosis, clinical restenosis was more frequent in the PARAGON group. PMID:11074202

Holmes, D R; Lansky, A; Kuntz, R; Bell, M R; Buchbinder, M; Fortuna, R; O'Shaughnessy, C D; Popma, J

2000-11-15

240

In Vivo Optical Imaging of Revascularization after Brain Trauma in Mice  

PubMed Central

Revascularization following brain trauma is crucial to the repair process. We used optical micro-angiography (OMAG) to study endogenous revascularization in living mice following brain injury. OMAG is a volumetric optical imaging method capable of in vivo mapping of localized blood perfusion within the scanned tissue beds down to capillary level imaging resolution. We demonstrated that OMAG can differentiate revascularization progression between traumatized mice with and without soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) gene deletion. The time course of revascularization was determined from serial imaging of the traumatic region in the same mice over a one-month period of rehabilitation. Restoration of blood volume at the lesion site was more pronounced in sEH knockout mice than in wild-type mice as determined by OMAG. These OMAG measurements were confirmed by histology and showed that the sEH knockout effect may be involved in enhancing revascularization. The correlation of OMAG with histology also suggests that OMAG is a useful imaging tool for real-time in vivo monitoring of post-traumatic revascularization and for evaluating agents that inhibit or promote endogenous revascularization during the recovery process in small rodents. PMID:21075124

Jia, Yali; Grafe, Marjorie R.; Gruber, Andras; Alkayed, Nabil J.; Wang, Ruikang K.

2010-01-01

241

Myocardial Revascularization in Dyalitic Patients: In-Hospital Period Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Background Coronary artery bypass grafting currently is the best treatment for dialytic patients with multivessel coronary disease, but hospital morbidity and mortality related to procedure is still high. Objective Evaluate results and in-hospital outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting in dialytic patients. Methods Retrospective unicentric study including 50 consecutive and not selected dialytic patients, who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting in a tertiary university hospital from 2007 to 2012. Results High prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors was observed (100% hypertensive, 68% diabetic and 40% dyslipidemic). There was no intra-operative death and 60% of the procedures were performed off-pump. There were seven (14%) in-hospital deaths. Postoperative infection, previous heart failure, cardiopulmonary bypass, abnormal ventricular function and surgical re-exploration were associated with increased mortality. Conclusion Coronary artery bypass grafting is feasible to dialytic patients although high in-hospital morbidity and mortality. It is necessary better understanding about metabolic aspects to plan adequate interventions. PMID:24270865

Miranda, Matheus; Hossne, Nelson Americo; Branco, Joao Nelson Rodrigues; Vargas, Guilherme Flora; da Fonseca, Jose Honorio de Almeida Palma; Pestana, Jose Osmar Medina de Abreu; Juliano, Yara; Buffolo, Enio

2014-01-01

242

Effect of Glycoprotein IIb\\/IIIa Receptor Blockade on Recovery of Coronary Flow and Left Ventricular Function After the Placement of Coronary-Artery Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—Apart from its established effects on vessel patency after percutaneous coronary revascularization, glycoprotein IIb\\/IIIa receptor blockade by abciximab may improve myocardial perfusion by inhibition of the interaction of platelets and platelet aggregates with the microvasculature. We investigated the effect of abciximab with stent placement in acute myocardial infarction. Methods and Results—In a prospective randomized trial, patients undergoing stenting in acute

Franz-Josef Neumann; Rudolf Blasini; Claus Schmitt; Eckhard Alt; Josef Dirschinger; Meinrad Gawaz; Adnan Kastrati; Albert Schomig

243

Coronary artery grafting in infants  

PubMed Central

Background Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardiac vale repair is an uncommon surgery in infants. CABG is technically demanding in infants due to the small size not only of the coronary arteries but also the potential graft arteries. The short and long-term outcome of surgery is not known and thus has largely been avoided. Results We report the case histories of two infants in whom CABG was undertaken successfully as a life-saving measure. Case 1: This infant needed an arterial switch operation after which the right coronary artery (RCA) was stenosed resulting in low cardiac output. After the right internal mammary artery (RIMA) was used to anastamose the RCA, the hemodynamic status improved drastically. Case 2: This infant underwent surgical correction for Anomalous Left Coronary Artery from Pulmonary Artery (ALCAPA). Postoperatively, she was in low cardiac output. She was found to have an occluded left coronary artery and mitral regurgitation (MR). After she underwent left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to Left Anterior Descending (LAD) anastamosis and mitral valve repair, the clinical condition improved dramatically. Conclusion CABG is an uncommon operation in infants. This surgery is technically difficult. The long term results are not known and there are very few reports for the same. Though such an operation is best avoided, it can be used as a desperate life saving measure. PMID:22368554

Gopal, MR; Maskari, S; Zacharias, S; Valliathu, J

2009-01-01

244

Development of a de novo arteriovenous malformation after bilateral revascularization surgery in a child with moyamoya disease.  

PubMed

The development of a de novo arteriovenous malformation (AVM) in patients with moyamoya disease is extremely rare. A 14-year-old girl developed an AVM in the right occipital lobe during the 4-year postoperative period following successful bilateral revascularization surgeries. She suffered a transient ischemic attack with hemodynamic compromise of the bilateral hemispheres at the age of 10 years. Results of an initial examination by 1.5-T MRI and MR angiography satisfied the diagnostic criteria of moyamoya disease but failed to detect any vascular malformation. Bilateral direct and indirect revascularization surgeries in the anterior circulation relieved her symptoms, and she underwent MRI and MR angiography follow-up every year after surgery. Serial T2-weighted MRI revealed the gradual appearance of flow voids in the right occipital lobe during the follow-up period. Magnetic resonance angiography ultimately indicated the development of an AVM 4 years after these surgeries when catheter angiography confirmed the diagnosis of an AVM in the right occipital lobe. The AVM remained asymptomatic, and the patient remained free of cerebrovascular events during the time she was observed by the authors. Acquired AVM in moyamoya disease is extremely rare, with only 3 pediatric cases including the present case being reported in the literature. The development of a de novo AVM in a postoperative patient with moyamoya disease appears to be unique, and this case may provide insight into the dynamic pathology of AVMs. PMID:24745340

Fujimura, Miki; Kimura, Naoto; Ezura, Masayuki; Niizuma, Kuniyasu; Uenohara, Hiroshi; Tominaga, Teiji

2014-06-01

245

Prognostic Value of Ischemia Monitoring with On-Line Vectorcardiography in Patients with Unstable Coronary Artery Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine whether on-line vectorcardiography (VCG) gives independent prognostic information, regarding death, myocardial infarction (MI), and revascularization in patients with unstable coronary artery disease, i.e. unstable angina or non-Q-wave MI. Methods and Results: One hundred and fifty patients (mean age 69 ± 10), participating in a randomized study of low-molecular-weight heparin in unstable

Peter Lundin; Jens Jensen; Bertil Lindahl; Lars Wallentin; Sven V. Eriksson

2000-01-01

246

Coronary CT angiography for acute chest pain in the emergency department.  

PubMed

Acute chest pain in the emergency department (ED) is a common and costly public health challenge. The traditional strategy of evaluating acute chest pain by hospital or ED observation over a period of several hours, serial electrocardiography and cardiac biomarkers, and subsequent diagnostic testing such as physiologic stress testing is safe and effective. Yet this approach has been criticized for being time intensive and costly. This review evaluates the current medical evidence which has demonstrated the potential for coronary CT angiography (CTA) assessment of acute chest pain to safely reduce ED cost, time to discharge, and rate of hospital admission. These benefits must be weighed against the risk of ionizing radiation exposure and the influence of ED testing on rates of downstream coronary angiography and revascularization. Efforts at radiation minimization have quickly evolved, implementing technology such as prospective electrocardiographic gating and high pitch acquisition to significantly reduce radiation exposure over just a few years. CTA in the ED has demonstrated accuracy, safety, and the ability to reduce ED cost and crowding although its big-picture effect on total hospital and health care system cost extends far beyond the ED. The net effect of CTA is dependent also on the prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in the population where CTA is used, which significantly influences rates of post-CTA invasive procedures such as angiography and coronary revascularization. These potential costs and benefits will warrant careful consideration and prospective monitoring as additional hospitals continue to implement this important technology into their diagnostic regimen. PMID:25301041

Staniak, Henrique Lane; Bittencourt, Marcio Sommer; Pickett, Christopher; Cahill, Michael; Kassop, David; Slim, Ahmad; Blankstein, Ron; Hulten, Edward

2014-01-01

247

ECG findings in acute left main coronary artery thrombosis: a case report and review of the literature.  

PubMed

Acute coronary syndrome due to left main coronary artery (LMCA) thrombosis is a catastrophic event associated with poor prognosis and high in-hospital mortality. Early recognition and emergent revascularization is vital for survival. Unfortunately, the electrocardiographic manifestations of LMCA thrombosis are nonspecific. This report describes the electrocardiogram (ECG) findings in a patient with LMCA thrombosis. A new right bundle branch block (RBBB) pattern, especially when associated with ST elevation in aVR and V1, should raise suspicion of this diagnosis. PMID:19637662

Ionescu, Costin N; Donohue, Thomas J

2009-01-01

248

Coronary stenting in cardiac allograft vasculopathy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate acute angiographic success, in-hospital complications and long-term outcome after intracoronary stenting in patients with cardiac allograft vasculopathy.Background. The application of conventional interventional modalities to treat discrete lesions in patients with cardiac allograft vasculopathy is associated with higher procedural morbidity, mortality and higher restenosis compared to atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. Elective coronary

Suresh P Jain; Stephen R Ramee; Christopher J White; Mandeep R Mehra; Hector O Ventura; Shuyang Zhang; J. Stephen Jenkins; Tyrone J Collins

1998-01-01

249

"Keyhole" coronary artery bypass surgery.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify the utility of "keyhole" thoracotomy approaches to single vessel coronary artery bypass surgery. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Although minimally invasive surgery is efficacious in a wide variety of surgical disciplines, it has been slow to emerge in cardiac surgery. Among 49 selected patients, the authors have used a left anterior keyhole thoracotomy (6 cm in length) combined with complete dissection of the eternal mammary artery (IMA) pedicle under thoracoscopic guidance or directly through the keyhole incision to accomplish IMA coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) to the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery circulation or to the right coronary artery (RCA). METHODS: Keyhole CABG was accomplished in 46 of 49 patients in which this approach was attempted. All patients had significant (> 70%) obstruction of a dominant coronary artery that had failed or that was inappropriate for endovascular catheter treatment (percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty or stenting). Forty-four of the 49 patients had proximal LAD and 5 had proximal RCA stenoses. The mean age of the patients (35 men and 14 women) was 61 years, and their median New York Heart Association anginal class was III. The mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 42%. Femoral cardiopulmonary bypass support was used in 9 (19%) of 46 patients successfully managed with the keyhole procedure. Short-acting beta-blockade was used in the majority of patients (38 of 46) to reduce heart rate and the vigor of cardiac contraction. RESULTS: As 49 patients have survived operation, which averaged 248 minutes in duration. Median, postoperative endotracheal intubation time for keyhole patients was 6 hours with 25 of 46 patients being extubated before leaving the operating room. The median hospital stay was 4.3 days. Conversion to sternotomy was required in three patients to accomplish bypass because of inadequate internal mammary conduits or acute cardiovascular decompensation during an attempted off-bypass keyhole procedure Postoperative complications were limited to respiratory difficulty in three patients and the development of a deep wound infection in one patient. Nine (19%) of 46 patients received postoperative transfusion. There have been no intraoperative or postoperative infarctions, and angina has been controlled in all but one patient who subsequently had an IMA-RCA anastomotic stenosis managed successfully with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. CONCLUSIONS: These early results with keyhole CABG are encouraging. As experience broadens, keyhole CABG may become a reasonable alternative to repeated endovascular interventions or sternotomy approaches to recalcitrant single-vessel coronary arterial disease involving the proximal LAD or RCA. PMID:8857850

Landreneau, R J; Mack, M J; Magovern, J A; Acuff, T A; Benckart, D H; Sakert, T A; Fetterman, L S; Griffith, B P

1996-01-01

250

Root canal revascularization. The beginning of a new era in endodontics.  

PubMed

Endodontic management of immature anterior teeth with necrotic pulps is a great challenge. Although there are different treatment procedures to deal with this problem such as apexification by using calcium hydroxide dressings or applying a barrier of mineral trioxide aggregate and gutta-percha obturation, the outcomes are still unsatisfactory and the root might still be weak. Recently, a new treatment protocol by revascularization of immature non-vital, infected teeth was introduced to regenerate dental structure and complete the root maturation. However, larger case series with longer follow-up periods are required to accept revascularization as the standard protocol for management of immature non-vital, infected teeth. In this review, we discuss the concept of root canal revascularization, revascularization mechanisms, and the structure of the regenerated tissues. PMID:24825801

Alrahabi, Mothanna K; Ali, Mahmoud M

2014-05-01

251

Atherectomy (directional, rotational, extractional) and its role in percutaneous revascularization.  

PubMed

After an initial wave of enthusiasm, atherectomy devices face a number of difficult issues today. The first two randomized studies comparing balloon angioplasty with directional atherectomy, the Coronary Angioplasty Versus Excisional Atherectomy Trial (CAVEAT) and the Canadian Coronary Atherectomy Trial (CCAT), showed no clinical benefit for atherectomy. Data from these trials, as well as other studies, suggest that the mechanism of lumen enlargement with atherectomy may be less beneficial than expected. A number of investigations are currently evaluating the benefit of even more aggressive debulking with directional coronary atherectomy, but in view of the increased incidence of acute complications, it is unlikely that this technique will increase its share in routine coronary angioplasty in the near future. Clinical evaluation of rotational and extractional atherectomy has not reached a conclusive phase yet, but results from registries and single-center observations show that these devices require adjunctive balloon angioplasty in a large proportion of cases, on the one hand, and that they do not solve the issue of restenosis, on the other. The difficulty in delineating the rationale for use of these devices highlights the urgent need for controlled and carefully designed device trials. PMID:7549084

Kaufmann, U P; Meyer, B J

1995-07-01

252

The Defense Mechanisms of Coronary Patients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tested 73 male inpatients with coronary heart disease on the Defense Mechanisms Inventory, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and a perception of health measure. Subjects were followed for five years. Principalization was discovered to be the most successful and projection the least successful defense. (JAC)

Peglar, Marian; Borgen, Fred H.

1984-01-01

253

A meta-analysis of randomized control trials comparing minimally invasive direct coronary bypass grafting versus percutaneous coronary intervention for stenosis of the proximal left anterior descending artery.  

PubMed

Percutaneous intervention (PCI) and minimally invasive direct coronary bypass grafting (MIDCAB) are both well-accepted treatment options for isolated high-grade stenosis of proximal left anterior descending coronary artery. Small studies comparing the two modalities have yielded conflicting results. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized control trials to compare percutaneous intervention with minimally invasive coronary bypass grafting for isolated proximal left anterior descending artery stenosis. Five randomized trials with a total of 711 patients and average follow-up of 2.3 years were included in the analysis; 380 patients received stents and 331 underwent surgery. Only one trial used drug eluting stents. There were a small number of events overall in each trial. Difference between mortality was 12 events versus 15 between the PCI versus MIDCAB group. Similarly, the difference in myocardial infarction was 14 versus 10, and target vessel revascularization was 56 versus 19. The relative risk for stenting versus MIDCAB was 0.96 [(95% CI: 0.47, 1.99), p=0.92, I(2)=17.5%], for mortality and myocardial infarction, 0.77 [(95% CI: 0.30, 2.01), p=0.60, I(2)=10.4%] for mortality and 1.81 [(95% CI: 0.80, 4.06), p=0.15, I(2)=65.9%] for the composite end point of mortality, myocardial infarction and target vessel revascularization. Excluding the trial with drug eluting stents the relative risk for the composite outcome of mortality, myocardial infarction and target vessel revascularization was significantly higher for PCI [RR=2.27 (95% CI: 1.32, 3.90), p=0.003, I(2)=18.9%]. Overall mortality and myocardial infarction rates are similar for bare metal stents versus MIDCAB, but surgery was associated with significantly lower rates of repeat revascularization. The number of randomized patients and events were small. The effect of drug eluting stents might close the gap of repeat revascularization compared to MIDCAB for this disease. PMID:17300948

Jaffery, Zehra; Kowalski, Marcin; Weaver, W Douglas; Khanal, Sanjaya

2007-04-01

254

Cerebral Revascularization Using Omentum and Muscle Free Flap for Ischemic Cerebrovascular Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundIndirect cerebral revascularization has been generally accepted in the management of brain ischemia in moyamoya disease. We performed indirect cerebral revascularization by using omental flap and muscle flap techniques for the treatment of ischemic cerebrovascular disease.MethodsTen patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease including three with adult moyamoya disease underwent this procedure (omental flap on eight sides and muscle flap on five

Nobutaka Yoshioka; Shinsuke Tominaga; Youichi Suzuki; Keisyo Yamazato; Satoru Hirano; Kan-ichi Nonaka; Toshihiko Inui; Norihiro Matuoka

1998-01-01

255

Cardiac tamponade and para-aortic hematoma post elective surgical myocardial revascularization on a beating heart - a possible complication of the Lima-stitch and sequential venous anastomosis  

PubMed Central

Background Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery can be associated with some intrinsic, but relatively rare complications. A pericardial effusion is a common finding after cardiac surgeries, but the prevalence of a cardiac tamponade does not exceed 2% and is less frequent after myocardial revascularization. Authors believe that in our patient an injury of a nutritional pericardial or descending aorta vessel caused by the Lima stitch resulted in oozing bleeding, which gradually leaded to cardiac tamponade. The bleeding increased after introduction of double antiplatelet therapy and caused life-threatening hemodynamic destabilization. According to our knowledge it is the first report of such a complication after OPCAB. Case presentation We present a case of a 61-year old man, who underwent elective surgical myocardial revascularization on a beating heart. On the 11th postoperative day the patient was readmitted emergently to the intensive care unit for severe chest pain, dyspnoea and hypotension. Coronary angiographic control showed a patency of the bypass grafts and significant narrowing of circumflex artery, treated with angioplasty and stenting. The symptoms and hemodynamic instability exacerbated. A suspicion of dissection of the ascending aorta and para-aortic hematoma was stated on 16-slice cardiac computed tomography. The patient was referred to the Cardiovascular Surgery Clinic. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed cardiac tamponade. On transesophageal echocardiography there were no signs of the ascending aorta dissection, but a possible lesion of the descending aorta with para-aortic hematoma was visualized. Emergent rethoracotomy and cardiac tamponade decompression were performed. 12 days after intervention the control 64-slice computed tomography showed no lesions of the ascending or descending aorta. On one-year follow-up patient is in a good condition, the left ventricular function is preserved and there is no pathology in thoracic aorta on echocardiography. Conclusions Mechanical complications of surgical myocardial revascularization on a beating heart should be considered as a cause of the clinical and hemodynamic instability relatively early in the postoperative period. Echocardiographic examination must be the first step in diagnostics process in a patient after cardiac surgery. PMID:24898884

2014-01-01

256

Long-term outcomes of percutaneous coronary interventions or coronary artery bypass grafting for left main coronary artery disease in octogenarians (from a Drug-Eluting stent for LefT main Artery registry substudy).  

PubMed

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents is an accepted alternative to surgery for the treatment of unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease, but the long-term outcome in elderly patients is unclear. Aim of our study was to compare the clinical outcomes of octogenarians with ULMCA disease treated either with PCI with drug-eluting stents or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The primary study end point was the composite of death, cerebrovascular accident, and myocardial infarction at follow-up. A total of 304 consecutive patients with ULMCA stenosis treated with PCI or CABG and aged ?80 years were selected and analyzed in a large multinational registry. Two hundred eighteen were treated with PCI and 86 with CABG. During the hospitalization, a trend toward a higher mortality rate was reported in PCI-treated patients (3.5% vs 7.3%, p = 0.32). At a median follow-up of 1,088 days, the incidence of the primary end point was similar in the 2 groups (32.6% vs 30.2%, p = 0.69). Incidence of target vessel revascularization at follow-up was higher in PCI-treated patients (10% vs 4.2%, p = 0.05). At multivariate analysis, left ventricular ejection fraction was the only independent predictor of the primary end point (hazard ratio 0.95, 95% confidence interval 0.91 to 0.98, p = 0.001). After adjustment with propensity score, the revascularization strategy was not significantly correlated to the incidence of the primary end point (hazard ratio 0.98, 95% confidence interval 0.57 to 1.71, p = 0.95). In octogenarians, no difference was observed in the occurrence of the primary end point after PCI or CABG for the treatment of ULMCA disease. However, the rate of target vessel revascularization was higher in the PCI group. PMID:24793677

Conrotto, Federico; Scacciatella, Paolo; D'Ascenzo, Fabrizio; Chieffo, Alaide; Latib, Azeem; Park, Seung Jung; Kim, Young Hak; Onuma, Yoshinobu; Capranzano, Piera; Jegere, Sanda; Makkar, Raj; Palacios, Igor; Buszman, Pawel; Chakravarty, Tarun; Mehran, Roxana; Naber, Christoph; Margey, Ronan; Leon, Martin; Moses, Jeffrey; Fajadet, Jean; Lefèvre, Thierry; Morice, Marie Claude; Erglis, Andrejs; Tamburino, Corrado; Alfieri, Ottavio; D'Amico, Maurizio; Marra, Sebastiano; Serruys, Patrick W; Colombo, Antonio; Meliga, Emanuele

2014-06-15

257

External inosculation as a feature of revascularization occurs after free transplantation of murine liver grafts.  

PubMed

The induction of angiogenesis is essential for successful engraftment of freely transplanted cells or cellular composites. How to augment angiogenesis to ensure an appropriate viability of the grafts is still under investigation. This study evaluated the proangiogenic capability of different syngeneic free liver transplants and elucidated the origin of the newly formed vascular network via use of an eGFP(+) /eGFP(-) (enhanced green fluorescent protein) cross-over design. Using intravital fluorescence microscopy, we found that neonatal and resected murine liver transplants implanted into dorsal skinfold chambers display a significantly enhanced vascularization compared to regular adult transplants. Immunohistochemically, less tissue hypoxia, apoptosis and macrophage infiltration was observed in the neonatal and resected transplants, which is in line with improved vascularization of those grafts. Additionally, electron microscopy revealed morphological hallmarks of liver cells. eGFP(+) liver transplants implanted on eGFP(-) recipients displayed vascular sprouting from the grafts themselves and connection to the recipients` microvasculature, which also undergoes transient proangiogenic response. This process is described as external inosculation, with microvessels exhibiting a chimeric nature of the endothelial lining. These data collectively show that proliferative stimulation is taking effect on angiogenic properties of free transplants and might provide a novel tool for modulating the revascularization of free grafts. PMID:23205733

Kuehl, A-R; Abshagen, K; Eipel, C; Laschke, M W; Menger, M D; Laue, M; Vollmar, B

2013-02-01

258

Ruptured giant right coronary artery aneurysm percutaneously plugged.  

PubMed

The endovascular management of a patient with a ruptured giant coronary aneurysm presenting with chest pain followed by anterior chest wall ecchymosis and shock is described. The inflow to a large, acutely leaking right coronary aneurysm was successfully sealed with the Amplatzer Vascular Plug device. The patient was estimated to be at very high risk for surgical intervention. The use of this device to seal an acutely leaking coronary aneurysm has not been previously described. PMID:17341782

Hillegass, William B; Gupta, Himanshu; Katragadda, Raghunath; Knoblauch, Johnnie; Coghlan, Cecil; Misra, Vijay K

2007-03-01

259

Wound morphology and topography in the diabetic foot: hurdles in implementing angiosome-guided revascularization.  

PubMed

Purpose. Angiosome-guided revascularization is an approach that improves wound healing but requires a surgeon to determine which angiosomes are ischemic. This process can be more difficult than anticipated because diabetic foot (DF) wounds vary greatly in quantity, morphology, and topography. This paper explores to what extent the heterogeneous presentation of DF wounds impedes development of a proper revascularization strategy. Methods. Data was retrieved from a registry of patients scheduled for below-the-knee (BTK) revascularization. Photographs of the foot and historic benchmark diagrams were used to assign wounds to their respective angiosomes. Results. In 185 limbs we detected 345 wounds. Toe wounds (53.9%) could not be designated to a specific angiosome due to dual blood supply. Ambiguity in wound stratification into angiosomes was highest at the heel, achilles tendon, and lateral/medial side of the foot and lowest for malleolar wounds. In 18.4% of the DF, at least some wounds could not confidently be categorized. Proximal wounds (coinciding with toe wounds) further steered revascularization strategy in 63.6%. Multiple wounds required multiple BTK revascularization in 8.6%. Conclusion. The heterogeneous presentation in diabetic foot wounds hampers unambiguous identification of ischemic angiosomes, and as such diminishes the capacity of the angiosome model to optimize revascularization strategy. PMID:24624299

Aerden, Dimitri; Denecker, Nathalie; Gallala, Sarah; Debing, Erik; Van den Brande, Pierre

2014-01-01

260

Endovascular Revascularization of Symptomatic Infrapopliteal Arteriosclerotic Occlusive Disease: Comparison of Atherectomy and Angioplasty  

PubMed Central

The preferred method for revascularization of symptomatic infrapopliteal arterial occlusive disease (IPAD) has traditionally been open vascular bypass. Endovascular techniques have been increasingly applied to treat tibial disease with mixed results. We evaluated the short-term outcome of percutaneous infrapopliteal intervention and compared the different techniques used. A retrospective analysis of consecutive patients undergoing endovascular treatment for infrapopliteal arterial occlusive lesions between 2003 and 2007 in a tertiary teaching hospital was performed. Patient demographic data, indication for intervention, and periprocedural complications were recorded. Periprocedural and short-term outcomes were measured and compared. Forty-nine infrapopliteal arteries in 35 patients were treated. Twenty vessels (15 patients) underwent angioplasty and 29 vessels (20 patients) were treated with atherectomy. Demographic and angiographic characteristics were similar between the groups. Twenty-six patients had concurrent femoral and/or popliteal artery interventions. Overall, technical success was 90% and similar between angioplasty and atherectomy groups (85% versus 93%, p?=?NS). The vessel-specific complication rate was 10% and was similar between both groups (angioplasty 5% versus atherectomy 14%, p?=?NS). One dissection occurred in the angioplasty group; one perforation and three thromboembolic events occurred in the atherectomy group. Limb salvage and freedom from reintervention at 6 months were 81% and 68%, respectively, and were not significantly different between the angioplasty and atherectomy groups. Endovascular intervention for IPAD had acceptable periprocedural and short-term success rates in our high-risk patient population. Both atherectomy and angioplasty can be used successfully to treat symptomatic IPAD. PMID:22532766

Tan, Tze-Woei; Semaan, Elie; Nasr, Wael; Eberhardt, Robert T.; Hamburg, Naomi; Doros, Gheorghe; Rybin, Denis; Shaw, Palma M.; Farber, Alik

2011-01-01

261

Current Roles and Future Applications of Cardiac CT: Risk Stratification of Coronary Artery Disease  

PubMed Central

Cardiac computed tomography (CT) has emerged as a noninvasive modality for the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD), and has been rapidly integrated into clinical cares. CT has changed the traditional risk stratification based on clinical risk to image-based identification of patient risk. Cardiac CT, including coronary artery calcium score and coronary CT angiography, can provide prognostic information and is expected to improve risk stratification of CAD. Currently used conventional cardiac CT, provides accurate anatomic information but not functional significance of CAD, and it may not be sufficient to guide treatments such as revascularization. Recently, myocardial CT perfusion imaging, intracoronary luminal attenuation gradient, and CT-derived computed fractional flow reserve were developed to combine anatomical and functional data. Although at present, the diagnostic and prognostic value of these novel technologies needs to be evaluated further, it is expected that all-in-one cardiac CT can guide treatment and improve patient outcomes in the near future. PMID:24497786

Yoon, Yeonyee Elizabeth

2014-01-01

262

Established and emerging cardiovascular magnetic resonance techniques for the assessment of stable coronary heart disease and acute coronary syndromes  

PubMed Central

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. International guidelines recommend cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) as an investigative option in those presenting with chest pain to inform diagnosis, risk stratify and determine the need for revascularization. CMR offers a unique method to assess global and regional cardiac function, myocardial perfusion, myocardial viability, tissue characterisation and proximal coronary anatomy all within a single study. This results in high diagnostic accuracy for the detection of significant coronary stenoses and an established role in the management of both stable CHD and acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The growing evidence base for the prognostic value of CMR, emerging advances in acquisition techniques, improvements in hardware and the completion of current major multi-centre clinical CMR trials will further raise its prominence in international guidelines and routine cardiological practice. This article will focus on the rapidly evolving role of the multi-parametric CMR examination in the assessment of patients with stable and unstable CHD. PMID:25392820

Ripley, David P.; Motwani, Manish; Plein, Sven

2014-01-01

263

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection causing acute coronary syndrome in a young patient without risk factors  

PubMed Central

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of acute myocardial infarction that is more common in younger patients (under age 50) and in women. Although the etiology is not known, some predisposing conditions to SCAD are well known and include Marfan syndrome, pregnancy and peripartum state, drug abuse, and some anatomical abnormalities of the coronary arteries such as aneurysms and severe kinking. We describe a case of SCAD in a young woman who presented with sudden onset of chest pain and was admitted for the treatment of acute coronary syndrome. The coronary angiography showed dissection of the left anterior descending artery. The patient underwent successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and stent placement.

Chevli, Parag; Kelash, Fnu; Gadhvi, Pragnesh; Grandhi, Sreeram; Syed, Amer

2014-01-01

264

Major coronary anomalies in childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Major coronary artery anomalies are extremely rare in childhood. We wanted to assess the historical and diagnostic features and the therapeutic options of three distinct types of coronary artery anomalies: abnormal origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA), coronary fistula and coronary stenosis. In a retrospective study, 33 children with these types of coronary artery disease

Daniël Wolf; Tom Vercruysse; Bert Suys; Nico Blom; Dirk Matthys; Jaap Ottenkamp

2002-01-01

265

Coronary Artery Disease in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Clinical Update  

PubMed Central

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with CKD. The outcomes of CAD are poorer in patients with CKD. In addition to traditional risk factors, several uremia-related risk factors such as inflammation, oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, coronary artery calcification, hyperhomocysteinemia, and immunosuppressants have been associated with accelerated atherosclerosis. A number of uremia-related biomarkers are identified as predictors of cardiac outcomes in CKD patients. The symptoms of CAD may not be typical in patients with CKD. Both dobutamine stress echocardiography and radionuclide myocardial perfusion imaging have moderate sensitivity and specificity in detecting obstructive CAD in CKD patients. Invasive coronary angiography carries a risk of contrast nephropathy in patients with advanced CKD. It should be reserved for those patients with a high risk for CAD and those who would benefit from revascularization. Guideline-recommended therapies are, in general, underutilized in renal patients. Medical therapy should be considered the initial strategy for clinically stable CAD. The effects of statins in patients with advanced CKD have been neutral despite a lipid-lowering effect. Compared to non-CKD population, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with higher procedure complications, restenosis, and future cardiac events even in the drug-eluting stent era in patients with CKD. Compared with PCI, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) reduces repeat revascularizations but is associated with significant perioperative morbidity and mortality. Screening for CAD is an important part of preoperative evaluation for kidney transplant candidates. PMID:24527682

Cai, Qiangjun; Mukku, Venkata K.; Ahmad, Masood

2013-01-01

266

Thrombus aspiration during primary percutaneous coronary intervention.  

PubMed

The main goal of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is to achieve not only restoration of flow in the epicardial coronary artery, but also reperfusion at the level of myocardial tissue. Distal embolization is a possible complication of PPCI; in these patients, a microvascular injury occurs, which finally leads to a lack of myocardial reperfusion. Thrombus aspiration during PPCI has been proposed to prevent embolization. Several different thrombectomy devices have been demonstrated to be well tolerated and effective in improving surrogate markers of myocardial reperfusion; furthermore, in a few studies, the use of thrombectomy was associated with an improvement of clinical outcome. Because study results appeared largely inconsistent, especially about clinical outcome data, several meta-analyses have been carried out, showing that thrombectomy is able to improve markers of myocardial reperfusion and that manual thrombectomy is associated with better results in terms of myocardial reperfusion and clinical outcome, compared with embolic protection or mechanical thrombectomy devices, probably due to its easy and time-sparing use with low rate of complication. Literature data, based mainly on the Thrombus Aspiration During Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (TAPAS) trial, indicate a favourable effect on outcome of routine manual thrombectomy strategy and the recent European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS) guidelines on myocardial revascularization recommend thrombus aspiration during PPCI. However, data on long-term clinical outcome are still inconsistent and no trials have been, at the present time, designed to assess hard endpoint. In this review, we have carefully analysed literature data on thrombectomy during PPCI, taking into account the most recent studies and the last meta-analyses; study results have been compared to verify if either a routine or a selective use of thrombectomy should be adopted and to assess whether the use of thrombectomy may finally improve clinical outcome. PMID:21986489

Picchi, Andrea; Limbruno, Ugo

2012-01-01

267

Anomalous left coronary artery from nonfacing pulmonary sinus: direct aortic reimplantation.  

PubMed

We report a new technique of establishing a direct coronary transfer for anomalous left coronary artery arising from the nonfacing sinus of the pulmonary artery. This easily reproducible technique was successfully used in 2 patients. It achieves a dual coronary repair without the use of complex aortic or pulmonary arterial flaps and without causing any distortion to the great vessels. PMID:24792285

Sunil, Gopalraj S; Kottayil, Brijesh P; Francis, Edwin; Vaidyanathan, Balu; Kappanayil, Mahesh; Balachandran, Rakhi; Nair, Suresh G; Kumar, Raman Krishna

2014-05-01

268

Percutaneous coil closure of recanalised anomalous origin of left coronary artery from pulmonary artery  

Microsoft Academic Search

An asymptomatic boy underwent surgical correction of anomalous origin of left coronary artery from pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) with trans-pulmonary artery interruption and saphenous vein grafting to left anterior descending coronary artery. He developed a shunt through the re-canalised pulmonary artery end of the ALCAPA which was successfully embolised using a detachable PDA coil delivered into the left main coronary artery

Francis Bimal; S. Harikrishnan; T. Titus; Jagan Mohan Tharakan

2002-01-01

269

Angioplasty with autologous pericardium for bilateral coronary ostial stenosis in Takayasu disease.  

PubMed

Coronary ostial stenosis is usually treated by conventional coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Although patch angioplasty is a widely accepted alternative surgical treatment, it has been reported sporadically. We encountered bilateral ostial stenosis with Takayasu disease. This report describes successful patch angioplasty using glutaraldehyde-treated autologous pericardium of bilateral coronary ostial stenosis owing to Takayasu disease. PMID:22269730

Kawase, Isamu; Ozaki, Shigeyuki; Yamashita, Hiromasa; Uchida, Shin; Nozawa, Yukinari; Matsuyama, Takayoshi; Takatoh, Mikio; Hagiwara, So

2012-02-01

270

Design of the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy vs. Stenting Trial (CREST)  

PubMed Central

Rationale Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and medical therapy were shown superior to medical therapy alone for symptomatic (?50%) and asymptomatic (?60%) stenosis. Carotid angioplasty stenting (CAS) offers a less invasive alternative. Establishing safety, efficacy, and durability of CAS requires rigorous comparison with CEA in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. Aims The objective is to compare the efficacy of CAS versus CEA in patients with symptomatic (?50%) or asymptomatic (?60%) extracranial carotid stenosis. Design The Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy vs. Stenting Trial (CREST) is a prospective, randomized, parallel, two-arm, multi-center trial with blinded endpoint adjudication. Primary endpoints are analyzed using standard time-to-event statistical modeling with adjustment for major baseline covariates. Primary analysis is on an intent-to-treat basis. Study Outcomes The primary outcome is the occurrence of any stroke, myocardial infarction, or death during a 30-day peri-procedural period, and ipsilateral stroke during follow-up of up to four years. Secondary outcomes include restenosis and health-related quality of life. PMID:20088993

Sheffet, Alice J.; Roubin, Gary; Howard, George; Howard, Virginia; Moore, Wesley; Meschia, James F.; Hobson, Robert W.; Brott, Thomas G.

2009-01-01

271

Mechanism of neoangiogenesis development after transmyocardial laser revascularization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pathophysiological mechanisms of transmyocardial laser revascularization (TLMR) remain insufficiently clear. Since the laser transmyocardial channels soon after their formation are closed and then substituted by the connective tissue, the laser effect is caused by neoangiogenesis in the place of injury. We have carried out TLMR in 250 Vistar rats with the help of Nd:YAG laser. In the point of lesion the development of inflammatory process with feebly marked, exudation reaction was registered. A connective tissue scar have been forming in the place of the lasers channel. The substantial growth of small vessels number is shown morphometrically in this place. The number of mast cells in have been increasing since the first hours after operation. The most part of the mast cells were degranulated, that indicates the release of bioactive substances into the extracellular space. The signs of activation of fibroblasts in the place of myocardium damage (abrupt hyperplasia of granular endoplasm reticulum on the electron microphotographs) were evident by the 5 - 6 day. At the first hours and days the platelets in the laser damaged vessels aggregated and the number of (alpha) granules decreased. It also points at the presence of bioactive substances, secreted by platelets. Zymography showed, that the activity of collagenase have been sharply increasing, with its peak on the 10 day after operation. Thus, the activation of noncontracting elements of myocardium during TMR may be the source of growth factors and proteases necessary for neoangiogenesis.

Popov, Gennady K.; Golovneva, Elena S.

2000-05-01

272

Counseling the Coronary Patient  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses counseling sessions designed to a) help the coronary patient adjust to cardiovascular disease, b) diminish patient anxieties and fears, and c) educate the patient and family members on controlling risk factors to deter another coronary attack. (JS)

Semmler, Caryl; Semmler, Maynard

1974-01-01

273

Simultaneous revascularization and coverage of a complex volar hand blast injury: case report using a contralateral radial forearm flow-through flap.  

PubMed

War wounds have created a unique reconstructive challenge for successful functional limb salvage. Various injury patterns related to improvised explosive devices (IEDs) occur and proper reconstruction goes a long way in reducing subsequent disfigurement and morbidity. One case in which a contralateral radial forearm flow-through flap is used for simultaneous revascularization and coverage of an IED hand blast injury is described. The advantages of this flap was its consistent arterial anatomy and long vascular pedicle. The thin skin paddle was used for soft tissue coverage of flexor tendon repair, median and ulnar nerve reconstruction, and metacarpal bone open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). Recovery of motor function was satisfactory. PMID:18751601

Grewal, Navanjun S; Kumar, Anand R; Onsgard, Christina K; Taylor, Bruce J

2008-08-01

274

Coronary artery calcification: pathogenesis and prognostic implications.  

PubMed

Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is a risk factor for adverse outcomes in the general population and in patients with coronary artery disease. The pathogenesis of CAC and bone formation share common pathways, and risk factors have been identified that contribute to the initiation and progression of CAC. Efforts to control CAC with medical therapy have not been successful. Event-free survival is also reduced in patients with coronary calcification after both percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and bypass graft surgery. Although drug-eluting stents and devices for plaque modification have modestly improved outcomes in calcified vessels, adverse event rates are still high. Innovative pharmacologic and device-based approaches are needed to improve the poor prognosis of patients with CAC. PMID:24530667

Madhavan, Mahesh V; Tarigopula, Madhusudhan; Mintz, Gary S; Maehara, Akiko; Stone, Gregg W; Généreux, Philippe

2014-05-01

275

Myocardial Revascularization in New York State: Variations in the PCI-to-CABG Ratio and Their Implications  

PubMed Central

Background During the past 2 decades, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has increased dramatically compared with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for patients with coronary artery disease. However, although the evidence available to all practitioners is similar, the relative distribution of PCI and CABG appears to differ among hospitals and regions. Methods and Results We reviewed the published data from the mandatory New York State Department of Health annual cardiac procedure reports issued from 1994 through 2008 to define trends in PCI and CABG utilization in New York and to compare the PCI/CABG ratios in the metropolitan area to the remainder of the State. During this 15-year interval, the procedure volume changes for CABG, for all cardiac surgeries, for non-CABG cardiac surgeries, and for PCI for New York State were ?40%, ?20%, +17.5%, and +253%, respectively; for the Manhattan programs, the changes were similar as follows: ?61%, ?23%, +14%, and +284%. The average PCI/CABG ratio in New York State increased from 1.12 in 1994 to 5.14 in 2008; however, in Manhattan, the average PCI/CABG ratio increased from 1.19 to 8.04 (2008 range: 3.78 to 16.2). The 2008 PCI/CABG ratios of the Manhattan programs were higher than the ratios for New York City programs outside Manhattan, in Long Island, in the northern counties contiguous to New York City, and in the rest of New York State; their averages were 5.84, 5.38, 3.31, and 3.24, respectively. In Manhattan, a patient had a 56% greater chance of receiving PCI than CABG as compared with the rest of New York State; in one Manhattan program, the likelihood was 215% higher. Conclusions There are substantial regional and statewide differences in the utilization of PCI versus CABG among cardiac centers in New York, possibly related to patient characteristics, physician biases, and hospital culture. Understanding these disparities may facilitate the selection of the most appropriate, effective, and evidence-based revascularization strategy. (J Am Heart Assoc. 2012;1:e001446 doi: 10.1161/JAHA.112.001446.) PMID:23130131

Ko, Wilson; Tranbaugh, Robert; Marmur, Jonathan D.; Supino, Phyllis G.; Borer, Jeffrey S.

2012-01-01

276

Left main coronary artery compression syndrome and spontaneous coronary artery dissection: coincidence or pathologic association?  

PubMed

Left main coronary artery compression syndrome (LMCS) in patients with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an unusual, and often a missed cause of exertional angina. Spontaneous coronary dissection (SCD) is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome of unknown etiology, with predilection to women in the 20s-40s. Weather the co-presence of LMCS and SCD in certain patients is a coincidence or of pathological significance is not known. The optimal management strategy of each of these conditions remains controversial. We report a case of SCD in a patient with PAH and LMCS, successfully treated with conservative medical therapy. PMID:24751338

Alkhouli, Mohamad; Huda, Nazmul; Bashir, Riyaz; Patil, Pravin; O'Murchu, Brian

2014-01-01

277

Directional coronary atherectomy in a distal right coronary lesion using a shorter standard guide catheter.  

PubMed

An ulcerated and eccentric distal right coronary artery plaque was found in a 56-year-old male with post-infarction angina. The 100 cm length of present DVI (Devices for Vascular Intervention, Inc., Redwood City, CA) atherectomy guiding catheters limits the ability to reach many complex distal stenoses with the 125 cm Simpson Atherocath. After shortening the proximal portion of a standard DVI Judkins right guiding catheter without changing the distal contour, successful directional coronary atherectomy was performed. PMID:8495471

Ayres, M

1993-05-01

278

Quality of life in elderly patients following coronary artery bypass grafting  

PubMed Central

Background Surgical revascularization of the coronary arteries leads to changes in quality of life (QoL) for patients with coronary heart disease. The aim of this work was to monitor QoL, considering cognitive function, depression, and activities of daily living in elderly patients after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods This study included 65 patients (29 women and 36 men) aged 61–74 years with stable coronary heart disease who underwent CABG. The control group included 29 women and 36 men aged 61–74 years who were not suffering from coronary heart disease. The questionnaires used in the study canvassed QoL (Nottingham Health Profile), cognitive function, depression, and basic and instrumental activities of daily living. The research was conducted before surgery and repeated 6 and 12 months after surgery. Results QoL was comparable between women and men and was lower than in the control group (P<0.05). After CABG, the values for particular domains of QoL improved more in men than in women. There was a reduction in the severity of depression 6 months after surgery in men and 12 months after surgery in women. Conclusion Elderly patients with coronary heart disease have decreased QoL, which normalizes in men and improves in women after CABG. PMID:24748773

Bak, Ewelina; Marcisz, Czeslaw

2014-01-01

279

Sustained Suppression of Ischemic Complications of Coronary Intervention by Platelet GP IIb\\/IIIa Blockade With Abciximab One-Year Outcome in the EPILOG Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—Blockade of the platelet glycoprotein IIb\\/IIIa receptor with the monoclonal antibody fragment abciximab was shown in a placebo-controlled randomized trial to reduce the incidence of acute ischemic complications within 30 days among a broad spectrum of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary revascularization. The durability of clinical benefit in this setting has not been established. Methods and Results—A total of 2792 patients

A. Michael Lincoff; James E. Tcheng; Robert M. Califf; Dean J. Kereiakes; Thomas A. Kelly; Gerald C. Timmis; Neal S. Kleiman; Joan E. Booth; Craig Balog; Catherine F. Cabot; Keaven M. Anderson; Harlan F. Weisman

280

Impact of coronary artery stents on mortality and nonfatal myocardial infarction: meta-analysis of randomized trials comparing a strategy of routine stenting with that of balloon angioplasty  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundA strategy of routine stenting has been shown to reduce the need for target-vessel revascularization compared with a strategy of balloon angioplasty alone; however, the impact on mortality and frequency of nonfatal myocardial infarction is unclear.The aim of this study was to provide a quantitative comparison of the impact of coronary stenting on the rates of mortality and myocardial infarction

Jassim Al Suwaidi; David R Holmes; Amar M Salam; Ryan Lennon; Peter B Berger

2004-01-01

281

Successful Bilateral Composite Ear Reattachment  

PubMed Central

Summary: A successful bilateral ear composite graft nonmicrosurgical reattachment is presented. In cases where suitable vessels are unavailable for microsurgical revascularization, the reconstructive challenge can be formidable for salvaging the unique anatomic and aesthetic structure of the ear. The case is presented of an 18-year-old woman who was a victim of an assault wherein both of her ears were intentionally amputated by her attacker. She underwent successful surgical reattachment followed by a postoperative regimen of hyperbaric oxygen, cooling, and meticulous wound care. The patient achieved 100% survival of her left ear graft and 95% survival of her right ear graft. Clinical photographs at 18 months are presented, along with a discussion of the possible implications for other reconstructive applications. PMID:25289367

2014-01-01

282

Does Laser Type Impact Myocardial Function Following Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization?  

PubMed Central

Background Transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMR) is currently clinically performed with either a CO2 or Ho:YAG laser for the treatment of severe angina. While both lasers provide symptomatic relief, there are significant differences in the laser–tissue interactions specific to each device that may impact their ability to enhance the perfusion of myocardium and thereby improve contractile function of the ischemic heart. Methods A porcine model of chronic myocardial ischemia was employed. After collecting baseline functional data with cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and dobutamine stress echo (DSE), 14 animals underwent TMR with either a CO2 or Ho:YAG laser. Transmural channels were created with each laser in a distribution of 1/cm2 in the ischemic zone. Six weeks post-treatment repeat MRI as well as DSE were obtained after which the animals were sacrificed. Histology was preformed to characterize the laser–tissue interaction. Results CO2 TMR led to improvement in wall thickening in the ischemic area as seen with cine MRI (40.3% vs. baseline, P < 0.05) and DSE (20.2% increase vs. baseline, P < 0.05). Ho:YAG treated animals had no improvement in wall thickening by MRI (?11.6% vs. baseline, P = .67) and DSE (?16.7% vs. baseline, P = 0.08). Correlative semi-quantitative histology revealed a significantly higher fibrosis index in Ho:YAG treated myocardium versus CO2 (1.81 vs. 0.083, P < 0.05). Conclusions In a side-by-side comparison CO2 TMR resulted in improved function of ischemic myocardium as assessed by MRI and echocardiography. Ho:YAG TMR led to no improvement in regional function likely due to concomitant increase in fibrosis in the lasered area. PMID:21246579

Estvold, Soren K.; Mordini, Frederico; Zhou, Yifu; Yu, Zu X.; Sachdev, Vandana; Arai, Andrew; Horvath, Keith A.

2012-01-01

283

Stent fracture in revascularization for symptomatic ostial vertebral artery stenosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  We assessed the long-term follow-up examinations and complications of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting (PTAS)\\u000a for symptomatic ostial vertebral artery (VA) stenosis.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A retrospective study was done to evaluate 12 patients with symptomatic ostial VA stenosis who underwent PTAS. Six patients\\u000a were treated with the Palmaz stent and six with a balloon-expandable coronary stent. Initial angiographic follow-up examination\\u000a was conducted

Masanori Tsutsumi; Kiyoshi Kazekawa; Masanari Onizuka; Tomonobu Kodama; Shuko Matsubara; Hiroshi Aikawa; Minoru Iko; Kouhei Nii; Housei Etou; Akira Tanaka

2007-01-01

284

Perioperative and clinical-angiographic late outcome of total arterial myocardial revascularization according to different composite original graft techniques.  

PubMed

Total arterial myocardial revascularization (TAMR) is advisable because of the excellent long-term patency of arterial conduits. We present early and midterm outcomes of five different surgical configurations for TAMR. Between January 1998 and May 2004, 112 patients (aged 56.5 +/- 4.5 years, 20% female) with three-vessel disease underwent TAMR. The internal mammary arteries (IMAs) were harvested in a sketelonized fashion. The surgical techniques for TAMR consisted in Y or T composite grafts (n = 88, 78%) constructed between the in situ right IMA (RIMA) and the free left IMA (LIMA) graft (n = 58) or the radial artery (n = 30) (RA) in three different configurations. The other techniques consisted in T- and inverted T-graft (n = 24, 22%) constructed between the RA conduit and the free LIMA graft in two different configurations. The mean follow-up time was 40 +/- 23 months. Postoperative angiographic control was performed in 76/111 (70%) patients. Overall, 472 arterial anastomoses (average 4.2 per patient) were performed. One (0.9%) patient, undergoing the inverted T-graft technique, died on postoperative day 2. Another patient (0.9%), undergoing the lambda-graft technique using both IMAs and RA, suffered a new myocardial infarction probably due to RA conduit vasospasm. One week after surgery, after the transthoracic echocardiographic Doppler with adenosine provocative test, the coronary flow reserve (CFR) at the LIMA and RIMA main stems were 2 +/- 0.4 and 2.4 +/- 0.3, respectively. At 12-month follow-up, after adenosine provocative test, the CFRs at the LIMA and RIMA stems were significantly higher than the values at 1 week after surgery within the same group; (LIMA)CFR (1 week) 2.4 +/- 0.3 (12 months) vs 2 +/- 04 (1 week), P = 0.002; (RIMA)CFR 2.58 +/- 0.4 vs 2.4 +/- 0.3, P = 0.001. The CFR at the RIMA main stem was higher in all measurements within the same group than in the LIMA main stem, but not significantly. In one patient undergoing the lambda-graft technique using both IMAs, the RIMA was found to have a string sign. Postoperative angiography in 50 patients showed that the patency rate for the LIMA was 100%, for the RIMA 97.3%, and for the RA 96.7%. Angiography at 3-year follow-up in 76 patients documented excellent patency rates of the LIMA (97.4%), RIMA (95%), and RA (87%). Survival at 7 years was 92.5%, event-free survival 89.3%, and freedom from angina 94%. Total arterial myocardial revascularization using different surgical configurations is safe and effective. The use of composite arterial grafts provides excellent clinical and angiographic results, with a low rate of angina recurrence and late cardiac events. These configurations allow for complete arterial revascularization. PMID:16550306

Bonacchi, Massimo; Prifti, Edvin; Maiani, Massimo; Frati, Giacomo; Giunti, Gabriele; Di Eusanio, Marco; Di Eusanio, Giuseppe; Leacche, Marzia

2006-03-01

285

Adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells improve revascularization outcomes to restore renal function in swine atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis  

PubMed Central

Background Reno-protective strategies are needed to improve renal outcomes in patients with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS). Adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can promote renal regeneration, but their potential for attenuating cellular injury and restoring kidney repair in ARAS has not been explored. We hypothesized that replenishment of MSC as an adjunct to percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) would restore renal cellular integrity and improve renal function in ARAS pigs. Methods and Results Four groups of pigs (n=7 each) were studied after 16 weeks of ARAS, ARAS 4 weeks after PTRA and stenting with or without adjunct intra-renal delivery of MSC (10×106 cells), and controls. Stenotic kidney blood flow (renal blood flow[RBF]) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were measured using multidetector computer tomography (CT). Renal microvascular architecture (micro-CT), fibrosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress were evaluated ex-vivo. Four weeks after successful PTRA, mean arterial pressure fell to a similar level in all revascularized groups. Stenotic kidney GFR and RBF remained decreased in ARAS (p=0.01 and p=0.02) and ARAS+PTRA (p=0.02 and p=0.03) compared to normal, but rose to normal levels in ARAS+PTRA+MSC (p=0.34 and p=0.46 vs. normal). Interstitial fibrosis, inflammation, microvascular rarefaction, and oxidative stress were attenuated only in PTRA+MSC-treated pigs. Conclusions A single intra-renal delivery of MSC in conjunction with renal revascularization restored renal hemodynamics and function, and decreased inflammation, apoptosis, oxidative stress, microvascular loss, and fibrosis. This study suggests a unique and novel therapeutic potential for MSC in restoring renal function when combined with PTRA in chronic experimental renovascular disease. PMID:22290832

Eirin, Alfonso; Zhu, Xiang-Yang; Krier, James D.; Tang, Hui; Jordan, Kyra L; Grande, Joseph P.; Lerman, Amir; Textor, Stephen C.; Lerman, Lilach O.

2013-01-01

286

A phase II, sham-controlled, double-blinded study testing the safety and efficacy of the coronary sinus reducer in patients with refractory angina: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background A growing population of patients lives with severe coronary artery disease not amenable to coronary revascularization and with refractory angina despite optimal medical therapy. Percutaneous reduction of the coronary sinus is an emerging treatment for myocardial ischemia that increases coronary sinus pressure to promote a transcollateral redistribution of coronary artery in-flow from nonischemic to ischemic subendocardial territories. A first-in-man study has demonstrated that the percutaneous reduction of the coronary sinus can be performed safely in such patients. The COSIRA trial seeks to assess whether a percutaneous reduction of the coronary sinus can improve the symptoms of refractory angina in patients with limited revascularization options. Methods/Design The COSIRA trial is a phase II double-blind, sham-controlled, randomized parallel trial comparing the percutaneously implanted coronary sinus Reducer (Neovasc Inc, Richmond, BC, Canada) to a sham implantation in 124 patients enrolled in Canada, Belgium, England, Scotland, Sweden and Denmark. All patients need to have stable Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) class III or IV angina despite optimal medical therapy, with evidence of reversible ischemia related to disease in the left coronary artery, and a left ventricular ejection fraction >25%. Participants experiencing an improvement in their angina ?2 CCS classes six months after the randomization will meet the primary efficacy endpoint. The secondary objective of this trial is to test whether coronary sinus Reducer implantation will improve left ventricular ischemia, as measured by the improvement in dobutamine echocardiogram wall motion score index and in time to 1 mm ST-segment depression from baseline to six-month post-implantation. Discussion Based on previous observations, the COSIRA is expected to provide a significant positive result or an informative null result upon which rational development decisions can be based. Patient safety is a central concern and extensive monitoring should allow an appropriate investigation of the safety related to the coronary sinus Reducer. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifier - NCT01205893. PMID:23413981

2013-01-01

287

Is CURE a cure for acute coronary syndromes? Statistical versus clinical significance.  

PubMed

Clopidogrel has been recently approved for treatment of non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes based on the Clopidogrel in Unstable Angina to Prevent Recurrent Events (CURE) trial. However, the trial's findings are confounded by issues that lessen its clinical significance. Clopidogrel did not reduce mortality; its benefit was limited to preventing myocardial infarction, which was defined less stringently than in previous trials. Clopidogrel led to an increase in major and minor bleeding. Furthermore, clopidogrel increased bleeding risk in early cardiac surgery. Thus, widespread usage of clopidogrel, especially in centers with an early revascularization strategy, will have limited clinical benefit with considerable risk. PMID:12106922

Khot, Umesh N; Nissen, Steven E

2002-07-17

288

Rupture of a coronary bypass graft aneurysm: CT evaluation and coil occlusion therapy  

SciTech Connect

Since its inception in 1967, saphenous vein coronary artery bypass graft (SVCABG) surgery has become the procedure of choice for revascularization of the myocardium in patients with angina refractory to medical therapy. Complications of bypass surgery have been reported both in the immediate postoperative period and late, months to years after surgery. We present an unusual complication: rupture of a SVCABG aneurysm. Computed tomography (CT) demonstrated the pseudoaneurysm, angiography identified the site of rupture from an aneurysm of the vein graft, and therapeutic embolization occluded the bleeding site.

Shapeero, L.G. (Stanford Univ., CA); Guthaner, D.F.; Swerdlow, C.D.; Wexler, L.

1983-11-01

289

Primary Prevention of Acute Coronary Events With Lovastatin in Men and Women With Average Cholesterol Levels Results of AFCAPS\\/TexCAPS  

Microsoft Academic Search

0.63; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.50-0.79;P,.001), myocardial infarction (95 vs 57 myocardial infarctions; RR, 0.60; 95% CI, 0.43-0.83; P = .002), unstable angina (87 vs 60 first unstable angina events; RR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.49-0.95;P = .02), coro- nary revascularization procedures (157 vs 106 procedures; RR, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.52- 0.85; P = .001), coronary events (215 vs 163 coronary

John R. Downs; Michael Clearfield; Stephen Weis; Edwin Whitney; Deborah R. Shapiro; Polly A. Beere; Alexandra Langendorfer; Evan A. Stein; William Kruyer; Antonio M. Gotto

290

A comparative study of alternative conduits for lower extremity revascularization: All-autogenous conduit versus prosthetic grafts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: In the absence of an adequate ipsilateral greater saphenous vein, various alternative conduits have been used for the performance of lower extremity revascularization. In this study we compared the effectiveness of all-autogenous arm vein bypass grafts with that of prosthetic grafts. Methods: Seven hundred forty lower extremity revascularization procedures (506 arm vein, 234 prosthetic) performed between 1990 and 1999

Peter L Faries; Frank W LoGerfo; Subodh Arora; Shannon Hook; Michele C Pulling; Cameron M Akbari; David R Campbell; Frank B Pomposelli

2000-01-01

291

Impact of angiosome-oriented revascularization on clinical outcomes in critical limb ischemia patients without concurrent wound infection and diabetes.  

PubMed

Purpose : To investigate the impact of angiosome-oriented revascularization on clinical outcomes in critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients excluding those with both diabetes and wound infection. Methods : Using a retrospective multicenter database, a propensity score matching analysis was performed of 539 consecutive CLI patients (375 men; mean age 71±11 years) without concurrent wound infection and diabetes who underwent balloon angioplasty of isolated infrapopliteal lesions. Propensity score matching produced 2 groups of 182 patients each who underwent angiosome-oriented direct revascularization (123 men; mean age 72±11 years) or indirect revascularization (125 men; mean age 72±11 years). The groups were compared for wound healing rate, freedom from major adverse limb events (MALE), and amputation-free survival (AFS). Results : In the overall population, indirect revascularization was performed in 36.6% (n=197). In the propensity matching analysis, the complete wound healing rate at 12 months was higher in the direct group than the indirect revascularization patients (75% vs. 64%, p=0.01), while freedom from MALE (p=0.99) and AFS (p=0.17) were not significantly different at up to 24 months. In multivariate analysis, indirect revascularization had an independent negative impact on wound healing (adjusted hazard ratio 0.7, p=0.008). Conclusion : After propensity matching analysis for CLI patients other than those with both diabetes and wound infection, the wound healing rate was higher after direct revascularization than after indirect revascularization, whereas MALE and AFS were not significantly different. PMID:25290786

Iida, Osamu; Takahara, Mitsuyoshi; Soga, Yoshimitsu; Yamauchi, Yasutaka; Hirano, Keisuke; Tazaki, Junichi; Yamaoka, Terutoshi; Suematsu, Nobuhiro; Suzuki, Kenji; Shintani, Yoshiaki; Miyashita, Yusuke; Uematsu, Masaaki

2014-10-01

292

The use of arm vein in lower-extremity revascularization: Results of 520 procedures performed in eight years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The absence of an adequate ipsilateral saphenous vein in patients requiring lower-extremity revascularization poses a difficult clinical dilemma. This study examined the results of the use of autogenous arm vein bypass grafts in these patients. Methods: Five hundred twenty lower-extremity revascularization procedures performed between 1990 and 1998 were followed prospectively with a computerized vascular registry. The arm vein conduit

Peter L. Faries; Subodh Arora; Frank B. Pomposelli; Michele C. Pulling; Paula Smakowski; Darren I. Rohan; Gary W. Gibbons; Cameron M. Akbari; David R. Campbell; Frank W. LoGerfo

2000-01-01

293

Distal revascularization and interval ligation (DRIL) procedure requires a long bypass for optimal inflow  

PubMed Central

Background Distal revascularization and interval ligation (DRIL) is commonly used to treat ischemic steal syndrome caused by arteriovenous hemodialysis access and has been associated with good outcomes. However, the literature lacks technical details of a successful intervention. We tested the hypothesis that a brachial-level arteriovenous fistula (AVF) generates a zone of low arterial blood pressure in the brachial artery near the AVF origin. Methods We identified patients with ischemic steal syndrome caused by an AVF originating from the brachial artery level who were eligible for the DRIL procedure. All patients were studied with invasive pressure monitoring in the brachial artery at the time of digital subtraction angiography. We measured systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressure at 5 cm intervals from a point in the arterial circulation 5 cm distal to the origin of the AVF and continuing proximally into the subclavian artery. Results Our series involved 10 patients with a mean age of 66.5 (range 53–81) years. Four patients were women and 8 had diabetes. All patients had grade 3 ischemic steal syndrome with ischemic rest pain and/or ischemic tissue loss. Mean systolic, diastolic and arterial pressures increased from the level of the AVF until central pressures were reached. Systolic blood pressure was significantly lower than central blood pressure until a level 20–25 cm proximal to the AVF. Conclusion The benefits of the DRIL procedure in alleviating ischemic steal syndrome associated with hemodialysis access are best achieved with a DRIL bypass for which inflow originates at least 20–25 cm proximal to the origin of the AVF. PMID:24666449

Kopriva, David; McCarville, Donald J.; Jacob, Sanjay M.

2014-01-01

294

Long-term follow-ups of revascularized immature necrotic teeth: three case reports  

PubMed Central

Revascularization of immature necrotic teeth is a reliable treatment alternative to conventional apexogenesis or apexification. In case 1, a 12-year-old boy had his necrotic, immature mandibular left second premolar treated with a revascularization technique. At a 24-month follow-up, periapical radiolucency had disappeared and thickening of the root wall was observed. In cases 2 and 3, a 10-year-old boy had his necrotic, immature, bilateral mandibular second premolars treated with the same modality. At 48-month (in case 2) and 42-month (in case 3) follow-ups, loss of periapical radiolucencies and increases in the root wall thickness were also observed. PMID:22627612

Kim, Duck-Su; Park, Hae-Jin; Yeom, Je-Ha; Seo, Ji-Sung; Ryu, Gil-Joo; Park, Ki-Ho; Shin, Seung-Il; Kim, Sun-Young

2012-01-01

295

Temporary cerebral revascularization using a radial artery in the hand-eyeshade posture: technical note.  

PubMed

Kamiyama introduced a unique method of temporary cerebral revascularization using a radial artery graft (RAG) in his technical review. We tried original method with Sugita frame, and pointed out some disadvantages that include to avoid taking instruments or hands in and out, stability of hands, and unrestricted usage of brain retractors during temporary bypass between radial artery and M2 potion of middle cerebral artery (RA-M2 bypass). To solve those disadvantages, especially for Sugita head frame users, we here present a modified Kamiyama's method of temporary cerebral revascularization with the forearm elevated over the face like as hand-eyeshade posture. PMID:24126201

Hiramoto, Jun; Tanaka, Yuichiro

2014-06-17

296

Comparison of bivalirudin and unfractionated heparin plus protamine in patients with coronary heart disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (from the Antithrombotic Regimens aNd Outcome [ARNO] trial).  

PubMed

Previous studies have compared bivalirudin and unfractionated heparin (UFH) plus the routine use of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors. They have demonstrated that bivalirudin can decrease bleeding complications without a significant increase in ischemic complications, resulting in a better net clinical outcome, as defined by the efficacy (ischemic complications) or safety (bleeding complications) end point. The aim of the present study was to compare bivalirudin and UFH plus protamine in patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention and pretreated with clopidogrel and aspirin. We randomly assigned 850 patients with stable or unstable coronary artery disease to bivalirudin or UFH followed by protamine at the end of the percutaneous coronary intervention. The primary end point was in-hospital major bleeding. The main secondary end points were the 1-month composite of death, myocardial infarction, unplanned target vessel revascularization; and the 1-month net clinical outcome. The rate of major bleeding (primary end point) was 0.5% in patients randomized to bivalirudin and 2.1% in patients randomized to UFH (p = 0.033). At 30 days, the rate of major bleeding was 0.9% in the bivalirudin arm and 2.8% in the UFH arm (p = 0.043). The composite of death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization rate and the net clinical outcome rate was 2.8% and 6.4% (p = 0.014) and 3.3% and 7.8% (p = 0.004), respectively, in the bivalirudin and UFH arms. In conclusion, in percutaneous coronary intervention patients pretreated with clopidogrel and aspirin, bivalirudin was associated with less major bleeding and fewer ischemic complications and a better net clinical outcome than UFH. PMID:20381652

Parodi, Guido; Migliorini, Angela; Valenti, Renato; Bellandi, Benedetta; Signorini, Umberto; Moschi, Guia; Buonamici, Piergiovanni; Cerisano, Giampaolo; Antoniucci, David

2010-04-15

297

[Emergency Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting for Acute Myocardial Infarction Presenting as Cardio-pulmonary Arrest during a Marathon Race;Report of a Case].  

PubMed

We report a case of coronary artery bypass grafting for acute myocardial infarction which presented as cardio-pulmonary arrest during a marathon race. A 57-year-old man collapsed at the 18-km point in the Toyohashi half marathon. He was treated with an automated electrical defibrillator( AED) for ventricular fibrillation in an ambulance. Immediately after arriving at our emergency department, he was diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction by electrocardiography. Emergency coronary angiography revealed severe stenosis of the left anterior descending artery. Percutaneous coronary intervention was tried, but it was given up because calcification of the stenotic lesion was severe. He was then referred to our department for emergency coronary artery bypass grafting. Complete re-vascularization was accomplished and the patient has been doing well with no signs of angina. PMID:25292383

Umeda, Yukio; Imaizumi, Matsuhisa; Okada, Waichiro; Yokoya, Hirokazu; Tanaka, Tsuneo

2014-10-01

298

A different way of coronary lesion preparation: stentablation and rotastenting.  

PubMed

Calcified coronary lesions are challenging to deal with, as they require optimal lesion preparation. Direct stenting in this scenario is associated with risk of stent-underexpansion, which is related to in-stent restenosis, target lesion revascularization and stent-thrombosis. We report on the interventional management of an underexpanded bare-metal stent not amenable to high-pressure balloon dilation and cutting-balloon. By using rotablation we could abrade the underexpanded stent struts and the calcification with subsequent implantation of a drug-eluting stent. Follow-up of 6 months revealed good results without evidence of significant restenosis. Our clinical experience and case reports in the literature suggest that this strategy might be an option for underexpanded stents not amenable to conventional techniques. PMID:22408370

Akin, Ibrahim; Pohlmann, Steffen; Nienaber, Christoph A; Ince, Hüseyin

2012-01-01

299

A Different Way of Coronary Lesion Preparation: Stentablation and Rotastenting  

PubMed Central

Calcified coronary lesions are challenging to deal with, as they require optimal lesion preparation. Direct stenting in this scenario is associated with risk of stent-underexpansion, which is related to in-stent restenosis, target lesion revascularization and stent-thrombosis. We report on the interventional management of an underexpanded bare-metal stent not amenable to high-pressure balloon dilation and cutting-balloon. By using rotablation we could abrade the underexpanded stent struts and the calcification with subsequent implantation of a drug-eluting stent. Follow-up of 6 months revealed good results without evidence of significant restenosis. Our clinical experience and case reports in the literature suggest that this strategy might be an option for underexpanded stents not amenable to conventional techniques. PMID:22408370

Akin, Ibrahim; Pohlmann, Steffen; Nienaber, Christoph A.; Ince, Huseyin

2012-01-01

300

Early discharge after primary percutaneous coronary intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The length of hospital stay after a successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute myocardial infarction is subject of debate. Patients should not be kept in hospital longer than strictly needed in terms of safety, psycho-social reasons, adequate mobilisation and patient comfort. In many tertiary centres with a busy PCI program insufficient bed capacity is an ongoing concern. Moreover, it

Gerrit J Laarman; Maurits T Dirksen

2010-01-01

301

Coronary Stenting in Cardiac Allograft Vasculopathy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate acute angiographic success, in-hospital complications and long-term outcome after intracoronary stenting in patients with cardiac allograft vasculopathy. Background. The application of conventional interventional modalities to treat discrete lesions in patients with cardiac allograft vasculopathy is associated with higher procedural mor- bidity, mortality and higher restenosis compared to atheroscle- rotic coronary artery

SURESH P. JAIN; STEPHEN R. RAMEE; CHRISTOPHER J. WHITE; MANDEEP R. MEHRA; HECTOR O. VENTURA; SHUYANG ZHANG; J. STEPHEN JENKINS; TYRONE J. COLLINS

302

Usefulness of multidetector CT angiography for anomalous origin of coronary artery.  

PubMed

A 17-year-old man underwent clinical evaluation of exercise-induced syncope. Routine exercise stress test did not show any myocardial ischaemic changes or arrhythmias on the ECG recording. However, multidetector CT (MDCT) angiography of the coronary arteries revealed an abnormal origin of the left coronary artery from the right coronary sinus. The participants' symptoms were diagnosed as cardiogenic syncope possibly due to transient stenosis of the left main coronary artery caught between the functionally distended aortic root and the pulmonary trunk during exercise. After successful patch coronary angioplasty, his symptoms disappeared completely even during a similar degree of strenuous exercise. It is important for clinicians not to overlook possible coronary artery anomalies during management of patients with exercise-induced syncope. MDCT coronary angiography may be a useful and non-invasive tool to establish diagnosis and a surgical approach to rectify congenital coronary artery anomalies. PMID:25150237

Ishisone, Takenori; Satoh, Mamoru; Okabayashi, Hitoshi; Nakamura, Motoyuki

2014-01-01

303

Living with Coronary Heart Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... from the NHLBI on Twitter. Living With Coronary Heart Disease Coronary heart disease (CHD) can cause serious complications. However, if you ... changes and medicines, go to "How Is Coronary Heart Disease Treated?" Work closely with your doctor to control ...

304

[Coronary re-permealization by percutaneous transluminal coronary angiography in 100 patients with ischemic heart disease].  

PubMed

The author carried out balloon angioplasty on native coronaries or venous saphena bypass grafts by 100 ischemic patients (67 males, 33 females). Previously 57 patients had myocardial infarction and 12 patients went through aorto-coronary bypass grafting. In all cases indicating the proper therapy mainly the angiologic state of coronary arteries was considered. Per patient 2.1 significant stenoses or occlusions were dilated with 90% angiologic, 91% clinical success rate. By 3 patients in one dilated coronary artery occurred therapy resistant thrombosis and secondary necrosis. One patient went through emergency bypass grafting, two patients died. The careful, clinical follow up has an important role in the first 6 months. During this period the restenoses must be recognized and we have to decide how to treat the patient correctly. PMID:2402429

Szatmáry László, J

1990-08-12

305

Takayasu's Arteritis Involving the Ostia of Three Large Coronary Arteries  

PubMed Central

Takayasu's arteritis can involve the ostia of coronary arteries. We report a patient with Takayasu's arteritis involving the ostia of three large coronary arteries who was successfully treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with a drug-eluting stent (DES) and had a good clinical outcome after 12 months. A 37-year-old male with unstable angina was admitted to our cardiovascular center. The patient had Takayasu's arteritis and an aortic valve replacement with a metallic valve due to severe aortic regurgitation 7 years previously. Coronary angiography (CAG) showed a 95% discrete eccentric luminal narrowing at the ostia of the large left anterior descending (LAD) and left circumflex (LCX) arteries, and a 99% discrete eccentric luminal narrowing at the ostium of the large right coronary artery (RCA). The patient was treated with prednisolone for 14 days. Two large paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) were then implanted in the distal left main coronary artery using the kissing stent technique. After 6 months, a CAG did not reveal restenosis or recurrent coronary artery disease. Thus, PCI with a DES for patients with significant coronary involvement secondary to Takayasu's arteritis is an effective and an alternative treatment when coronary bypass grafting is not option. PMID:20049143

Park, Jin-Sup; Lee, Sang-Kwon; Kim, Sang-Pil; Kim, Yeong Dae; Ahn, Min Soo; Hong, Taek Jong

2009-01-01

306

Treatment strategies in severe symptomatic carotid and coronary artery disease  

PubMed Central

Summary Coexistent carotid artery stenosis (CS) and multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) is not infrequent. One in 5 patients with multivessel CAD has a severe CS, and CAD incidence reaches 80% in those referred for carotid revascularization. We reviewed treatment strategies for concomitant severe CS and CAD. We performed a literature search (MEDLINE) with terms including carotid artery stenting (CAS), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), carotid endarterectomy (CEA), stroke, and myocardial infarction (MI). The main therapeutic option for CS-CAD has been (simultaneous or staged) CEA-CABG. This, however, is associated with a high risk of MI (in those with CEA prior to CABG) or stroke (CABG prior to CEA), and the cumulative major adverse event rate (MAE – death, stroke or MI) reaches 10–12%. With increasing adoption of CAS, a sequential strategy of CAS followed by CABG has emerged. Registries (usually single-centre) indicate an MAE rate of ?7% for CAS followed by CABG (frequently after >30 days, due to double antiplatelet therapy). Recently, 1-stage CAS-CABG has been introduced. This involves different antiplatelet regimens and, in some centers, preferred off-pump CABG, with a cumulative MAE of 1.4–4.5%. No randomized trial comparing different treatment strategies in CS-CAD has been conducted, and thus far reported series are prone to selection/reporting bias. In addition to the established surgical treatment (CEA-CABG, sequential/simultaneous), hybrid revascularization (CAS-CABG) is emerging as a viable therapeutic option. Larger, preferably multi-centre, studies are required before this can become widely applied. PMID:21804476

Dzierwa, Karolina; Pieniazek, Piotr; Musialek, Piotr; Piatek, Jacek; Tekieli, Lukasz; Podolec, Piotr; Drwila, Rafal; Hlawaty, Marta; Trystula, Mariusz; Motyl, Rafal; Sadowski, Jerzy

2011-01-01

307

[Direct revascularization of the myocardium using the internal mammary artery].  

PubMed

The best graft in coronary bypass operations is the internal mammary artery (IMA) as its rate of staying open for long term is better than that of the vena saphena magna. The authors present the operative and postoperative results of their first 161 patients who were subjected to IMA grafting. 126 were men and 35 women of the patients and the average age was 50.2 years. Before the operation the majority of the patients belonged to NYHA III state (69.6%). 86 patients (53.4%) had myocardial infarction before the operation, 50.3% were operated on because of 3 blood vessel diseases and the stricture of the main trunk was confirmed in 12.4%. 128 patients underwent only coronary bypass operation, in the others thrombendarterectomy (17 patients), valvular operation (11 patients) and resection of the left ventricular aneurysma (5) were carried out simultaneously. The IMA graft was placed in the majority of the cases on the LAD (70.8%) or as a sequential anastomosis on the LAD-diagonal system (21.1%). The average number of peripheral anastomoses was 2.8 anastomoses patient. 2.5% was the rate of early mortality (4 patients), reoperation was performed in 10 cases because of bleeding or tamponade and perioperative infarction occurred in 8 cases. 3.1% was the rate of late mortality (5 patients). The average follow-up examination time was 12.7 months (3-39 months). At the postoperative examinations 88.8% of the patients were free of angina and 108 patients got into NYHA I state after the operation. Of the 43 control bicycle ergometric examinations 35 were negative and 8 positive.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2748162

Péterffy, A; Homolay, P; Szécsi, J; Vaszily, M; Horváth, S

1989-07-01

308

Assessment of coronary thrombolysis  

SciTech Connect

The efficacy of coronary thrombolysis may be assessed by several invasive and noninvasive means, including coronary angiography, contrast and radionuclide angiography, thallium 201 or /sup 99m/Tc-pyrophosphate scintigraphy, positron emission tomography, cardiac ultrasonography, electrocardiography, and analysis of plasma creatine kinase activity. Each technique has its own strengths and limitations, but when used in concert these methods may provide insight into the physiology of coronary reperfusion and the efficacy of reperfusion in individual patients and populations. 104 references.

Geltman, E.M.; Abendschein, D.R.; Devries, S.R.

1987-02-01

309

Combination of low molecular weight heparins with antiplatelet agents in non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes: an update.  

PubMed

This article reviews the use of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and antiplatelet agents in the treatment of unstable angina and non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), which together account for 1 million hospitalisations annually in the US alone. Mortality and recurrent myocardial infarction (MI) in these conditions is currently approximately 8 to 16% at 1 month, and there is a need to optimise treatment further. Since their introduction, LMWHs have been shown to be successful and well tolerated in the treatment of unstable angina and NSTEMI, but differences have been seen in their efficacy compared with the parent compound, unfractionated heparin (UFH). A meta-analysis of all LMWHs, grouped, versus UFH showed equivalent efficacy and safety. The LMWHs dalteparin sodium and nadroparin calcium have independently been shown to be as effective as UFH. However, enoxaparin sodium has been shown to have greater clinical efficacy than UFH in patients with unstable angina (UA)/NSTEMI. One area of new research is patients with UA/NSTEMI who later undergo percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), and early data suggest enoxaparin can be safely used as an anticoagulant instead of UFH in these patients. There is a wealth of data for glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa receptor antagonists (abciximab, eptifibatide, lamifiban, and tirofiban), although some are conflicting. Recent meta-analyses suggest that some benefit is conferred by using these compounds, particularly in patients who undergo PCI. Recent trials have focussed on combining GP IIb/IIIa antagonists with LMWH, and although data is still scant, the ACUTE (Anti-thrombotic Combination Using Tirofiban and Enoxaparin) and ACUTE II studies indicate the safety and potential clinical benefit of combining enoxaparin with tirofiban in patients with UA/NSTEMI not undergoing PCI, compared with UFH and tirofiban. The NICE (National Investigators Collaborating on Enoxaparin) 4 study collected data on the combination of enoxaparin and abciximab in patients undergoing PCI, and both safety and efficacy data compared well with historical data collected on the use of UFH with abciximab. The more recent NICE 3 study extended this finding to the combination of enoxaparin with abciximab, tirofiban or eptifibatide. The safety of two doses of dalteparin and abciximab had also been investigated, with the higher dose the efficacious, and also with safety, in patients undergoing PCI. In addition, a GUSTO (Global Use of Strategies to Open Occluded Coronary Arteries in Acute Coronary Syndromes) IV substudy found that dalteparin had equivalent safety to UFH when co-administered with abciximab in patients not undergoing PCI. The NICE 3 and 4 trials were not randomised comparisons, and as such there results must be interpreted with caution. Recently, the CRUISE (Coronary Revascularisation Utilizing Integrelin [eptifibatide] and Single-bolus Enoxaparin) and INTERACT (Integrelin and Enoxaparin randomised assessment of Acute Coronary Syndromes Treatment) studies have provided evidence for both the safety and efficacy of enoxaparin combined with eptifibatide in non-ST elevation patients with acute coronary syndromes. A further study (SYNERGY [Superior Yield of the New strategy of Enoxaparin, Revascularization and GlYcoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors]) will investigate the efficacy of the combination of enoxaparin with abciximab versus that of UFH and abciximab in a large cohort of 8000 patients. The use of GP IIb/IIIa agents and LMWH in patients with UA/STEMI has led to their use in those with ST-elevation MI, and studies indicate LMWH is efficacious and can be used safely as an adjunct to thrombolysis. New studies will investigate the use of these agents in patients with STEMI not undergoing thrombolysis and we await the results of these studies. PMID:12149045

Cohen, Marc

2002-01-01

310

Acute left main coronary artery occlusion  

PubMed Central

The treatment of an acute left main coronary artery occlusion still poses a challenge. In this case report we present a 50-year-old patient with an acute occlusion of the left main artery. After a successful angioplasty without “stenting” due to the complexity of the stenosis the patient underwent a successful bypass surgery. We discuss the therapeutic options of acute left main occlusion regarding medical, interventional and surgical options. PMID:24353543

Burgazli, K. Mehmet; Bilgin, Mehmet; Soydan, Nedim; Chasan, Ridvan; Erdogan, Ali

2013-01-01

311

Nanoparticle Drug- and Gene-eluting Stents for the Prevention and Treatment of Coronary Restenosis  

PubMed Central

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has become the most common revascularization procedure for coronary artery disease. The use of stents has reduced the rate of restenosis by preventing elastic recoil and negative remodeling. However, in-stent restenosis remains one of the major drawbacks of this procedure. Drug-eluting stents (DESs) have proven to be effective in reducing the risk of late restenosis, but the use of currently marketed DESs presents safety concerns, including the non-specificity of therapeutics, incomplete endothelialization leading to late thrombosis, the need for long-term anti-platelet agents, and local hypersensitivity to polymer delivery matrices. In addition, the current DESs lack the capacity for adjustment of the drug dose and release kinetics appropriate to the disease status of the treated vessel. The development of efficacious therapeutic strategies to prevent and inhibit restenosis after PCI is critical for the treatment of coronary artery disease. The administration of drugs using biodegradable polymer nanoparticles as carriers has generated immense interest due to their excellent biocompatibility and ability to facilitate prolonged drug release. Despite the potential benefits of nanoparticles as smart drug delivery and diagnostic systems, much research is still required to evaluate potential toxicity issues related to the chemical properties of nanoparticle materials, as well as to their size and shape. This review describes the molecular mechanism of coronary restenosis, the use of DESs, and progress in nanoparticle drug- or gene-eluting stents for the prevention and treatment of coronary restenosis. PMID:24465275

Yin, Rui-Xing; Yang, De-Zhai; Wu, Jin-Zhen

2014-01-01

312

Double Left Anterior Descending Coronary Artery Originating from Left Main Coronary Stem and Right Coronary Artery  

PubMed Central

Double left anterior descending coronary artery originating from left main coronary stem and right coronary artery is a rare congenital coronary anomaly. In this case report, we are describing a patient with double left anterior descending coronary artery, one with normal origin, and the other originating from the right coronary artery. To the best of our knowledge, there are only a few reports resembling such case. PMID:24251016

Akbarzadeh, Fariborz; Shadravan, Sepide; Ghorbanian, Maryam; Piri, Reza; Naghavi-Behzad, Mohammad

2013-01-01

313

Antioxidative vitamin treatment: Effect on lipid peroxidation and limb swelling after revascularization operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to evaluate the antioxidative properties of the multivitamin cocktail Omnibionta® (?-tocopherol, ascorbic acid, retinol, vitamin B complex) in terms of diminishing lipid peroxidation with improvement of leg edema performance after limb revascularization operations in humans. Fifty-one subjects were selected; the control group contained 27 patients and the treatment group 24 patients, who received the

H. Rabl; G. Khoschsorur; W. Petek

1995-01-01

314

Revascularized composite grafts with inserted implants for reconstructing the maxilla — improved flap design and flap prefabrication  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a new technique including prefabrication of a revascularized composite scapular flap that will fit a maxillary defect exactly. The method is based on careful preoperative planning using three-dimensional reconstructions of data obtained from computed tomograms and stereolithographic models. A pedicled scapular flap with a split skin graft envelope that has endosteal implants already inserted is prepared and covered

H. Plenk; J HOLLE; E WURINGER; K KULENKAMPFF

1998-01-01

315

Usefulness of nisoldipine for prevention of restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (results of the NICOLE study)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The NIsoldipine in COronary artery disease in LEuven (NICOLE) study investigates (1) whether nisoldipine, a dihydropyridine calcium antagonist, reduces the progression of minor coronary arterial lesions in the long term, and (2) whether it reduces the restenosis rate after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). The NICOLE study is a single-center, randomized, double-blind trial in 826 patients, who underwent a

Joseph A Dens; Walter J Desmet; Patrick Coussement; Ivan K De Scheerder; Konstantinos Kostopoulos; Pitsanu Kerdsinchai; Chumpol Supanantaroek; Jan H Piessens

2001-01-01

316

[Antiplatelet therapy after acute coronary syndrome : Therapeutic strategies and treatment duration].  

PubMed

Besides percutaneous coronary interventions, antiplatelet drugs are of overwhelming importance for patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). For ACS patients, the guidelines recommend treatment with acetylsalicylic acid and a P2Y12 receptor antagonist. The third generation P2Y12 receptor antagonists prasugrel and ticagrelor provide stronger platelet inhibition than clopidogrel and improve the clinical outcome in patients with ACS; however, it is still under discussion which P2Y12 antagonist fits best to which subgroup of ACS patients. This article summarizes current guidelines and antiplatelet treatment strategies for patients with non-ST-segment elevation (NSTE) ACS or ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The information is mainly based on the recently published guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology on myocardial revascularization. PMID:25359405

Olivier, C B; Diehl, P; Bode, C; Moser, M

2014-11-01

317

Visualization of Coronary Arteries from Intravenous Angiograms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Under most circumstances, the coronary arteries are not satisfactorily visualized in intravenous angiograms. The objective of this study is to develop computer image enhancement methods that will improve the quality of the latent coronary images to a degree sufficient to detect an obstructive lesion. Such a technique, if successful, could be used as a first step alternative to conventional coronary angiography for individuals with ambiguous noninvasive cardiac tests. The determination of no lesion from the intravenous procedure would relieve the need for the conventional angiogram, while verification of an obstructive lesion could be followed by a conventional angiogram. The nature of the imaging problem and a description of the methods and initial processing results are described in this paper.

Selzer, Robert H.

1985-01-01

318

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting  

MedlinePLUS

... plaque narrows the coronary arteries and reduces the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart. This can cause ... coronary artery. This creates a new path for oxygen-rich blood to flow to the heart muscle. Surgeons can bypass multiple ...

319

[Therapeutic approach in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions].  

PubMed

While the performance of percutaneous coronary interventions remains the domain of interventional cardiologists, the management of these patients before, during, and after the procedure is in the domain of general cardiologists, internists and primary care physicians. Therefore, for optimal patient care it is crucial that all engaged physicians should understand the procedural risks, complications and optimal treatment strategy before, during and after the procedure. Before a percutanous coronary intervention, patients with known allergies to iodinated contrast dye should be pretreated with oral corticosteroids and H1-receptor blockers. Diabetic patients as well as patients with renal failure need special care. Hydration is crucial for patients with renal insufficiency in order to minimise the risk of contrast nephropathy. Metformin therapy should be discontinued before the procedure in patients with renal failure in order to avoid lactic acidosis, and it should be reinstituted after the procedure only when normal serum creatine level is confirmed. Double antiplatelet therapy (aspirin plus clopidogrel) should be initiated at least six hours before the procedure. While aspirin therapy after the procedure is life long, the duration of clopidogrel therapy depends on the type of implanted stent (in patients with bare stents implanted clopidogrel should be taken at least 3 - 4 weeks post procedural, and in patients with drug-eluting stents implanted clopidogrel should be taken at least 6 - 12 months after the procedure due to in-stent restenosis prevention). Patients who experience typical anginal pain in a period of one to eight month after percutaneous coronary revascularization are likely to have restenosis, and they should be reevaluated with stress echocardiography and/or repeated coronary angiography. PMID:19902784

Mijailovi?, Zdravko M; Staji?, Zoran; Jevti?, Miodrag; Aleksandri?, Srdan; Matunovi?, Radomir; Tavciovski, Dragan

2009-01-01

320

Stenting of anomalous left main coronary artery arising from the right sinus of Valsalva: a case report.  

PubMed

Anomalous origin of left and right coronary arteries from a single coronary ostium in the right sinus of Valsalva is rare. Accordingly, few reports have described percutaneous coronary interventions in this anomaly. We report a case of a 75-year-old woman with a severe lesion in the anomalous left main coronary artery arising from a single ostium in the right sinus of Valsalva. The patient was successfully treated with direct stenting. PMID:17056136

Tejada, Julio G; Hernandez, Felipe; Sanchez, Ignacio; Martin-Asenjo, Roberto

2007-07-10

321

Coronary Subclavian Steal Syndrome Causing Acute Myocardial Infarction in a Patient Undergoing Coronary-Artery Bypass Grafting  

PubMed Central

Coronary subclavian steal syndrome with retrograde blood flow in the left internal mammary-coronary bypass graft is a rare but severe complication of cardiac surgery. The authors present a case of a 68-year-old man after coronary-artery bypass grafting using an internal mammary artery. He had been suffering from angina pectoris for the last several years before surgery. The patient was resuscitated at home by emergency medical service because of primary ventricular fibrillation due to an acute myocardial infarction 5 years after surgery. An occlusion of the left subclavian artery with the retrograde blood flow in the left internal mammary coronary bypass was found. This could have been the cause of insufficiency in coronary blood flow and ischemia of the myocardial muscle. The subclavian artery occlusion was successfully treated with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and implantation of 2 stents. The patient remained free of any symptoms 2 years after this procedure. PMID:22969810

Mandak, Jiri; Lojik, Miroslav; Tuna, Martin; Chek, James Lago

2012-01-01

322

Comparative cost-effectiveness analyses of cardiovascular magnetic resonance and coronary angiography combined with fractional flow reserve for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease  

PubMed Central

Abstracts Background According to recent guidelines, patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) should undergo revascularization if significant myocardial ischemia is present. Both, cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and fractional flow reserve (FFR) allow for a reliable ischemia assessment and in combination with anatomical information provided by invasive coronary angiography (CXA), such a work-up sets the basis for a decision to revascularize or not. The cost-effectiveness ratio of these two strategies is compared. Methods Strategy 1) CMR to assess ischemia followed by CXA in ischemia-positive patients (CMR?+?CXA), Strategy 2) CXA followed by FFR in angiographically positive stenoses (CXA?+?FFR). The costs, evaluated from the third party payer perspective in Switzerland, Germany, the United Kingdom (UK), and the United States (US), included public prices of the different outpatient procedures and costs induced by procedural complications and by diagnostic errors. The effectiveness criterion was the correct identification of hemodynamically significant coronary lesion(s) (= significant CAD) complemented by full anatomical information. Test performances were derived from the published literature. Cost-effectiveness ratios for both strategies were compared for hypothetical cohorts with different pretest likelihood of significant CAD. Results CMR + CXA and CXA + FFR were equally cost-effective at a pretest likelihood of CAD of 62% in Switzerland, 65% in Germany, 83% in the UK, and 82% in the US with costs of CHF 5?794, € 1?517, £ 2?680, and $ 2?179 per patient correctly diagnosed. Below these thresholds, CMR + CXA showed lower costs per patient correctly diagnosed than CXA + FFR. Conclusions The CMR?+?CXA strategy is more cost-effective than CXA?+?FFR below a CAD prevalence of 62%, 65%, 83%, and 82% for the Swiss, the German, the UK, and the US health care systems, respectively. These findings may help to optimize resource utilization in the diagnosis of CAD. PMID:24461028

2014-01-01

323

The 9p21 Locus Is Associated with Coronary Artery Disease and Cardiovascular Events in the Presence (but Not in the Absence) of Coronary Calcification  

PubMed Central

Variants at the 9p21 locus have been associated with coronary artery disease (CAD); coronary artery calcification (CAC) is related to CAD and other cardiovascular events. To determine the association of the 9p21 locus with CAD in the presence and absence of CAC, 4 groups were enrolled in a case-control study, including 527 CAD patients without CAC, 692 CAD patients with CAC, 585 individuals with simple CAC but no CAD, and 725 healthy controls. The rs1333049 representing the locus was associated with CAD in the presence of CAC (odds ratio?=?1.38 in allelic analysis, 95%CI, 1.19–1.60, P<0.001), but not in the absence of CAC. Additionally, rs1333049 was not associated with simple CAC or CAC severity/extent in CAD patients with CAC. 849 CAD patients undergoing revascularization (660 with CAC and 189 without CAC) were enrolled in a cohort study to test its association with cardiovascular events in CAD patients with and without CAC in a 3-year follow-up. rs1333049 was significantly associated with the incidence of cardiovascular events in non-target vessels in patients with CAC (hazard ratio?=?1.44, 95%CI, 1.08–1.91, P?=?0.012), but not in those without CAC. The variants at the 9p21 locus were related to CAD and post-revascularization events only in the presence of CAC, suggesting that they may confer risk of calcification-related coronary atherosclerosis. PMID:24732910

Lu, Jinguo; Fan, Lizi; Huang, Jinghan; Zhang, Yu; Lv, Bin; Hui, Rutai; Wang, Yibo

2014-01-01

324

Drug-eluting coronary stents - focus on improved patient outcomes  

PubMed Central

The development of stent has been a major advance in the treatment of obstructive coronary artery disease since the introduction of balloon angioplasty. Subsequently, neointimal hyperplasia within the stent leading to in-stent restenosis emerged as a major obstacle in long-term success of percutaneous coronary intervention. Recent introduction of drug-eluting stents is a major breakthrough to tackle this problem. This review article summarizes stent technology, reviews progress of drug-eluting stents and discusses quality of life, patient satisfaction, and acceptability of percutaneous coronary intervention. PMID:22915977

Jaffery, Zehra; Prasad, Amit; Lee, John H; White, Christopher J

2011-01-01

325

Surgical Repair of an Asymptomatic Giant Right Coronary Artery Aneurysm  

PubMed Central

Background?Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) is a rare finding, being mostly diagnosed on angiography or at autopsies. It is defined as being a dilation of the coronary artery that exceeds the diameter of the patient's largest coronary vessel by 1.5 to 2 times. Case Report?We describe the operative correction of a giant right CAA measuring in excess of 10 cm. Conclusion?Management of giant CAAs is not standardized and surgical strategy remains controversial. In our case, the patient has a successful surgical repair with no postoperative shunts on follow-up investigations. PMID:25360401

Jahangeer, Saleem; Anjum, Nadeem; O'Donnell, Aonghus; Doddakula, Kishore

2013-01-01

326

Drug-eluting coronary stents - focus on improved patient outcomes.  

PubMed

The development of stent has been a major advance in the treatment of obstructive coronary artery disease since the introduction of balloon angioplasty. Subsequently, neointimal hyperplasia within the stent leading to in-stent restenosis emerged as a major obstacle in long-term success of percutaneous coronary intervention. Recent introduction of drug-eluting stents is a major breakthrough to tackle this problem. This review article summarizes stent technology, reviews progress of drug-eluting stents and discusses quality of life, patient satisfaction, and acceptability of percutaneous coronary intervention. PMID:22915977

Jaffery, Zehra; Prasad, Amit; Lee, John H; White, Christopher J

2011-07-01

327

Comparison of hybrid procedure and open surgical revascularization for multilevel infrainguinal arterial occlusive disease  

PubMed Central

Objective To compare outcomes of hybrid (combined surgical and endovascular) procedures (HYBRID) with open surgical reconstructions (OPEN) in patients with multilevel infrainguinal artery occlusive diseases. Design Case series study with retrospective analysis of prospectively collected nonrandomized data. Methods Between 2008 and 2012, 64 patients underwent OPEN and 43 underwent HYBRID. Patient characteristics, technique success, clinical improvement, and procedure-related morbidity were reviewed and compared. Patency rates and limb salvages were analyzed and compared using Kaplan–Meier life tables. Cox regression analyses were used to assess the influence of various risk factors on primary patency. Results HYBRID patients were older and presented with worse New York Heart Association function compared with OPEN patients. The increase in the ankle-brachial index and improvement of Ruthford category after procedures were equivalent between two groups, but HYBRID patients had shorter hospital length of stay (7.6±12.0 versus 15.5±17.3; P= 0.018) and less overall perioperative morbidity (12% versus 28%; P=0.042) compared with OPEN patients. No statistically significant difference in 36-month primary (47.1%±7.1% versus 50.1%±9.4%; P=0.418), assisted primary (57.0%±7.9% versus 62.4%±9.2%; P=0.517), or secondary (82.0%±6.8% versus 83.1%±7.3%; P=0.445) patency was seen between the two groups. Limb salvage rates of HYBRID vs OPEN at 3 years were similar (76.3%±9.3% versus 80.4%±8.2%; P=0.579). Critical limb ischemia was a negative predictor of long-term patency of patients in both the HYBRID and OPEN groups (P=0.012 and P<0.001, respectively), and the presence of diabetes and renal insufficiency were another two independent predictors of decreased primary patency for HYBRID (P=0.017 and P=0.019, respectively). Conclusion Multilevel infrainguinal artery occlusive diseases could be treated by hybrid procedure, with shorter hospitalization, less perioperative morbidity, and similar early- and long-term efficacy compared with open revascularization. A hybrid procedure should be considered for patients with high surgical risk, but critical limb ischemia, diabetes, and renal insufficiency could compromise its long-term patency.

Zhou, Min; Huang, Dian; Liu, Chen; Liu, Zhao; Zhang, Min; Qiao, Tong; Liu, Chang-Jian

2014-01-01

328

Prognostic value of coronary flow reserve assessed by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography on long-term outcome in asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes without overt coronary artery disease  

PubMed Central

Background Cardiovascular risk stratification of asymptomatic diabetic patients is important and remains a difficult clinical problem. Our aim was to test the hypothesis that coronary flow reserve (CFR) assessed by noninvasive transthoracic Doppler echocardiography predicts prognosis in those patients. Methods From February 2002 to January 2005, we evaluated 135 consecutive asymptomatic patients (74 male; mean age, 63?±?9 years) with type 2 diabetes without a history of coronary artery disease. Adenosine triphosphate (0.14 mg/kg/min) stress Doppler echocardiography was performed to evaluate CFR of the left anterior descending artery. Patients with a CFR?coronary artery stenosis in the left anterior descending artery. Results There were 111 patients (60 male; mean age, 64?±?9 years) enrolled. During a median follow-up of 79 months, 20 events (5 deaths, 7 acute coronary syndromes, 8 coronary revascularizations) occurred. The optimal cut-off value of CFR to predict events was 2.5 (area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve?=?0.65). Multivariate analysis showed that the independent prognostic indicators were male gender (p?coronary artery disease. Patients with CFR?

2013-01-01

329

Eosinophilic coronary monoarteritis.  

PubMed

Eosinophilic coronary monoarteritis is an unfamiliar cause of acute myocardial ischemia. Most commonly, it presents as a left-sided chest pain or sudden death in middle-aged women with no traditional risk factors for coronary artery disease. Because the abrupt onset leaves almost no time for intervention, the symptoms readily lead to death, and most cases are diagnosed at necropsy. Dissection of the coronary artery wall with resultant occlusion of the lumen, which commonly affects the left anterior descending artery, is a consistent gross finding. An inflammatory infiltrate, which is predominantly composed of eosinophils in the tunica adventitia and tunica media and is often accompanied by a hematoma in between these 2 layers, is observed histologically. The etiology remains unclear, but an increase in the activity of eosinophils because of hormonal interactions during pregnancy has been suggested. Interplay of hormones is thought to culminate in the release of histolytic agents by the eosinophils, which initiate the dissection process. Currently, there is no specific treatment for eosinophilic coronary monoarteritis, but cyclophosphamide and prednisone have shown positive results in the treatment of spontaneous coronary artery dissection with unspecified periadventitial inflammation. Percutaneous coronary procedures have also resulted in favorable outcomes in a subset of patients. Because of the high, sudden death rate in eosinophilic coronary monoarteritis, deciphering the underlying pathophysiology of this almost invariably fatal disease remains both a challenge and a key to developing screening methods that will allow timely detection and thus treatment. PMID:24978927

Carreon, Chrystalle Katte; Esposito, Michael J

2014-07-01

330

What can I do with a patient with diabetes and critically impaired limb perfusion who cannot be revascularized?  

PubMed

A patient with limb-threatening diabetic foot syndrome in whom relevant peripheral arterial occlusive disease is proven should receive arterial revascularization as soon as possible to avoid major amputation. However, 3 conditions may make it impossible to effectively restore limb perfusion: the patient will not profit from arterial revascularization owing to excessive tissue loss or sepsis ("too late"), the patient cannot be revascularized due to severe comorbidities ("too sick"), and arterial reconstruction is impossible because of technical and anatomical shortcomings in a patient who is otherwise fit for operation ("nonreconstructible limb perfusion"). This review outlines the therapeutic options specifically in the third group of patients in whom no technical option for surgical or endovascular revascularization exists. PMID:25326447

Rümenapf, Gerhard; Morbach, Stephan

2014-12-01

331

Idiopathic, serial coronary vessels dissection in a young woman with psychological stress: a case report and review of the literature.  

PubMed

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a very rare disease, associated with high mortality rate, whose etiology and pathogenesis are poorly understood. Its sporadic nature and the varied angiographic extent make firm recommendations regarding revascularization impossible. The case described is that of a young, otherwise healthy woman, without a known underlying condition which may lead to SCAD, but with a history of intense psychological stress. We managed the patient with a conservative approach based on watchful waiting, medical therapy, and plain old balloon angioplasty (POBA) with low inflation atmospheres. PMID:23133786

Arrivi, Alessio; Milici, Caterina; Bock, Carlo; Placanica, Attilio; Boschetti, Enrico; Dominici, Marcello

2012-01-01

332

Remote preconditioning lessens the deterioration of pulmonary function after repeated coronary artery occlusion and reperfusion in sheep  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  We investigated whether remote organ preconditioning (RPC) can preserve pulmonary function following repeated myocardial ischemia\\/reperfusion\\u000a in a model mimicking multi-vessel off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) revascularization.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Nine sheep (Group-RPC) underwent RPC by three episodes of five-minute occlusion and five-minute reperfusion of the iliac artery.\\u000a Five sheep (Group-C) were time-matched controls. Afterwards, ten-minute occlusion and reperfusion of the left anterior descending,

Zhengyuan Xia; Paul Herijgers; Takahiro Nishida; Shigeyuki Ozaki; Patrick Wouters; Willem Flameng

2003-01-01

333

Transradial versus transfemoral approach for percutaneous coronary procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Selective coronary angiography was originally performed through open brachial arteriotomy. Thereafter, the percutaneous Seldinger\\u000a technique and the use of preformed Judkins-type catheters popularized the femoral approach. More recently, after the first\\u000a report of successful coronary angiography by the transradial approach in 1989, the radial artery has been increasingly used\\u000a as an alternative access site. The main advantage offered by the

Elena Franchi; Paolo Marino; Giuseppe G. Biondi-Zoccai; Giuseppe De Luca; Corrado Vassanelli; Pierfrancesco Agostoni

2009-01-01

334

Myocardial viability on echocardiography predicts long-term survival after revascularization in patients with ischemic congestive heart failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVESThis study was conducted to evaluate the effect of revascularization on survival in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) due to ischemic left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction based on the presence of myocardial viability (MV).BACKGROUNDThere are insufficient data regarding the survival benefit of revascularization in patients with CHF due to ischemic LV systolic dysfunction.METHODSFollow-up was obtained in 87 consecutive patients

Roxy Senior; Sanjiv Kaul; Avijit Lahiri

1999-01-01

335

Troponin elevation in conditions other than acute coronary syndromes  

PubMed Central

Acute coronary syndromes comprise a large spectrum of clinical conditions ranging from unstable angina pectoris to acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Chest pain is usually the major symptom of atherosclerotic heart disease; however, it may be challenging to diagnose correctly, especially in the emergency department, because of the ambiguous way that pain is characterized by some patients. Cardiac troponins are sensitive and specific biomarkers used in the diagnosis of myocardial infarction that are released into the bloodstream when cardiac myocytes are damaged by acute ischemia or any other mechanism. They are the cornerstone for the diagnosis, risk assessment, prognosis, and determination of antithrombotic and revascularization strategies. However, troponin elevation indicates the presence, not the mechanism, of myocardial injury. There are many clinical conditions other than myocardial infarction that cause troponin elevation; thus, the physician should be aware of the wide spectrum of disease states that may result in troponin elevation and have a clear understanding of the related pathophysiology to effectively make a differential diagnosis. This review focuses on causes of troponin elevation other than acute coronary syndromes. PMID:22102783

Tanindi, Asli; Cemri, Mustafa

2011-01-01

336

Pregnancy-related Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection: Two Case Reports and a Comprehensive Review of Literature  

PubMed Central

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome, particularly seen in women during pregnancy or in the puerperium. It has a high acute phase mortality. The etiology is uncertain. Hormonal changes during pregnancy, hemodynamic stress and changes in the autoimmune status have been considered as possible etiological factors. A timely diagnosis and institution of appropriate treatment is important for a successful outcome. There is no consensus of opinion for optimal treatment. Conservative management, coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and percutaneous coronary intervention, all have been described in the literature as possible therapeutic options. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection should be considered as a differential in any young woman presenting with chest pain associated with pregnancy. We report two cases of pregnancy-associated spontaneous coronary artery dissection, both successfully managed, along with a comprehensive review of the previously published literature. PMID:22919449

Sheikh, Azeem S; O'Sullivan, Michael

2012-01-01

337

Skin pathology induced by snake venom metalloproteinase: acute damage, revascularization, and re-epithelization in a mouse ear model.  

PubMed

Viperid snakebite envenomation induces blistering and dermonecrosis. The pathological alterations induced by a snake venom metalloproteinase in the skin were investigated in a mouse ear model. Metalloproteinase BaP1, from Bothrops asper, induced rapid edema, hemorrhage, and blistering; the latter two effects were abrogated by preincubation with the metalloproteinase inhibitor batimastat. Neutrophils did not play a role in the pathology, as depletion of these cells resulted in a similar histological picture. Blisters are likely to result from the direct proteolytic activity of BaP1 of proteins at the dermal-epidermal junction, probably at the lamina lucida, as revealed by immunostaining for type IV collagen and laminin. Widespread apoptosis of keratinocytes was detected by the TUNEL assay, whereas no apoptosis of capillary endothelial cells was observed. BaP1 induced a drastic reduction in the microvessel density, revealed by immunostaining for the endothelial marker vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2. This was followed by a rapid angiogenic response, leading to a partial revascularization. Skin damage was followed by inflammation and granulation tissue formation. Then, a successful re-epithelization process occurred, and the skin of the ear regained its normal structure by 2 weeks. Venom metalloproteinase-induced skin damage reproduces the pathological changes described in snakebitten patients. PMID:18449209

Jiménez, Natalia; Escalante, Teresa; Gutiérrez, José María; Rucavado, Alexandra

2008-10-01

338

Revascularization of Immature Mandibular Premolar with Pulpal Necrosis - A Case Report  

PubMed Central

This case report describes the Revascularization of a Permanent Immature Mandibular Premolar with Pulp Necrosis and apical periodontitis. Access opening was done & the canal was disinfected with copious irrigation using 2.5% NaOCl and triple antibiotic paste (Ciprofloxacin, Metronidazole, and Minocycline) as intracanal medicament. After the disinfection protocol is complete, it is followed by revascularization procedure. The apex was mechanically irritated to initiate bleeding into the canal to produce a blood clot to the level just below the level of cementoenamel junction. Mineral trioxide aggregate was placed over the blood clot followed by bonded resin restoration above it. After one year follow up; the patient was asymptomatic, no sinus tract was evident. Apical periodontitis was resolved, and there was radiographic evidence of continuing thickness of dentinal walls. PMID:25386542

Yadav, Sarjeev Singh; Kumar M, Sita Rama

2014-01-01

339

Revascularization of immature mandibular premolar with pulpal necrosis - a case report.  

PubMed

This case report describes the Revascularization of a Permanent Immature Mandibular Premolar with Pulp Necrosis and apical periodontitis. Access opening was done & the canal was disinfected with copious irrigation using 2.5% NaOCl and triple antibiotic paste (Ciprofloxacin, Metronidazole, and Minocycline) as intracanal medicament. After the disinfection protocol is complete, it is followed by revascularization procedure. The apex was mechanically irritated to initiate bleeding into the canal to produce a blood clot to the level just below the level of cementoenamel junction. Mineral trioxide aggregate was placed over the blood clot followed by bonded resin restoration above it. After one year follow up; the patient was asymptomatic, no sinus tract was evident. Apical periodontitis was resolved, and there was radiographic evidence of continuing thickness of dentinal walls. PMID:25386542

Raju, S Murali Krishna; Yadav, Sarjeev Singh; Kumar M, Sita Rama

2014-09-01

340

Drug-eluting stents in unprotected left main coronary artery disease.  

PubMed

Though coronary bypass graft surgery (CABG) has traditionally been the cornerstone of therapy in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease, recent evidence supports the use of percutaneous coronary intervention in appropriate patients. Indeed in patients with ULMCA disease, drug-eluting stents (DES) have shown similar incidence of hard end points, fewer periprocedural complications and lower stroke rates compared with CABG, though at the cost of increased revascularization with time. Furthermore, the availability of newer efficacious and safer DES as well as improvements in diagnostic tools, percutaneous techniques and, importantly, a better patient selection, allowed percutaneous coronary intervention a viable alternative to CABG of left main-patients with low disease complexity; however, even in this interventional era characterized by efficacious DES, patients with ULMCA disease remain a challenging high-risk population where outcomes strongly depend on clinical characteristics, anatomical disease complexity and extension and operator's experience. This review summarizes the role of DES in ULMCA disease patients. PMID:25340285

Bernelli, Chiara

2014-11-01

341

Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting using skeletonized in situ arterial grafts  

PubMed Central

Skeletonization is an advanced technique of graft harvesting for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), and while it requires meticulous attention, it has many advantages. For example, skeletonization of internal thoracic artery (ITA) can minimize sternal ischemia and lower the risk of mediastinitis, and is longer and larger than pedicled ITA. In this article we describe the surgical techniques demonstrated in our video, which details our techniques of skeletonization of arterial grafts and off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) exclusively using these in situ grafts. Our method of right gastroepiploic artery (GEA) skeletonization has only three technical steps. The first step is to pass thin vessel loops under the GEA. The second step is to unroof the tissue surrounding the GEA. The last step is to seal and sever all the branches. Skeletonization of the GEA not only prevents vasospasm but also leads to GEA dilatation, and facilitates inspection and makes sequential anastomosis easier. Bilateral use of the skeletonized ITA and use of the skeletonized GEA can cover most coronary artery target sites without any manipulation of the ascending aorta. In our consecutive series of over 1,000 patients, the stroke rate was 0.5%. Our method helps to make the technique simple and secure in this technically demanding operation, and we believe that OPCAB with these grafts provides the best possible coronary revascularization. PMID:23977635

Suzuki, Tomoaki; Nota, Hiromitsu; Kuroyanagi, Satoshi; Kinoshita, Takeshi; Takashima, Noriyuki; Hayakawa, Masato; Naito, Shiho

2013-01-01

342

Coronary Fistulas: A Case Series  

PubMed Central

Coronary artery fistula is an uncommon finding during angiographic exams. We report a case series of five patients with congenital coronary fistulas. The first patient was 56 years old and had a coronary fistula associated with a partial atrio ventricular defect, the second patient was 54 years old and had two fistulas originating from the right coronary artery with a severe atherosclerotic coronary disease, the third patient was 57 years old with a fistula originating from the circumflex artery associated with a rheumatic mitral stenosis, the fourth patient was 50 years old and had a fistulous communication between the right coronary artery and the right bronchial artery, and the last patient was 12 years old who had bilateral coronary fistulas draining into the right ventricle with an aneurismal dilatation of the coronary arteries. Angiographic aspects of coronary fistulas are various; management is controversial and depends on the presence of symptoms. PMID:24501660

Fennich, Nada; Elouali, Fedoua; Saghi, Ghita; Bouzammour, Nadia; Haddour, Leila; Zarzur, Jamila; Cherti, Mohamed

2014-01-01

343

Blood-spinal cord barrier after spinal cord injury: Relation to revascularization and wound healing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spinal cord injury produces prominent disruption of the blood-spinal cord barrier. We have defined the blood- spinal cord barrier breakdown to the protein luciferase (61 kDa) in the acutely injured murine spinal cord and during revascularization. We show that newly formed and regenerating blood vessels that have abnormal perme- ability exhibit differential expression of the glucose-1 transporter (Glut-1), and that

William D. Whetstone; Jung-Yu C. Hsu; Manuel Eisenberg; Zena Werb; Linda J. Noble-Haeusslein

2003-01-01

344

Ventricular arrhythmic disturbances and autonomic modulation after beating-heart revascularization in patients with pulmonary normotension  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  BACKGROUND: De-novo ventricular arrhythmias are potentially life-threatening complications after beating-heart revascularization\\u000a (off-pump CABG). Whether pulmonary hypertension can influence initiation of ventricular arrhythmias through increased sympathetic\\u000a activity is controversial. In order to determine the influence of pulmonary hypertension on its relative contribution to ventricular\\u000a arrhythmia, we first had to define the role of cardiac autonomic modulation in patients with pulmonary normotension.

Jus Ksela; Jurij Matija Kalisnik; Viktor Avbelj; Piotr Suwalski; Grzegorz Suwalski; Borut Gersak

2009-01-01

345

Indirect revascularization for nonmoyamoya intracranial arterial stenoses: clinical and angiographic outcomes  

PubMed Central

Object Symptomatic intracranial arterial stenoses have a high rate of recurrent stroke despite medical and endovascular treatments. The authors present clinical and angiographic quantitative outcomes of indirect revascularization for patients with symptomatic intracranial stenosis. Methods Patients treated for symptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis by indirect revascularization were included. The patient population comprised those in whom medical management had failed and for whom endovascular therapy was unsuitable or had failed. Patients underwent encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis (EDAS) with or without bur holes. Preoperative and postoperative angiograms were evaluated for change in caliber of extracranial blood vessels (superficial temporal artery [STA] and middle meningeal artery [MMA]) and for evidence of neovascularization. Results Thirteen patients underwent EDAS. Ischemic symptoms ceased within the follow-up period in all patients, returning in a delayed fashion in only 2. No other patients had recurrent TIAs or strokes after the initial postoperative period. Donor blood vessels increased in size relative to preoperative sizes in all but 1 case (average increase of 52% for proximal STA [p = 0.01], 74% for midpoint of STA [p = 0.01], and 84% for the MMA [p = 0.02]). In addition, 8 of 11 patients demonstrated direct spontaneous anastomoses from extracranial to middle cerebral artery branches, and all patients demonstrated angiographic evidence of vascular blush and/or new branches from the STA and/or MMA. Conclusions Indirect revascularization appears to be a safe and effective method to improve blood flow to ischemic brain due to intracranial arterial stenosis. Neovascularization and enlargement of the branches of the ECA were observed in all patients and correlated with improvement in ischemic symptoms. Indirect revascularization is an option for patients in whom medical therapy has failed and who are not suitable for endovascular treatment. PMID:22559848

Dusick, Joshua R.; Liebeskind, David S.; Saver, Jeffrey L.; Martin, Neil A.; Gonzalez, Nestor R.

2014-01-01

346

Early experience with cryopreserved arterial allografts in below-knee revascularization for limb salvage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Below-knee revascularization for limb salvage in the absence of a suitable autogenous saphenous vein is a frequent challenge associated with a high amputation rate. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the usefulness of cryopreserved arterial allografts in such cases.Methods: Arterial allografts were harvested from multiple organ donors and cryopreserved at ?80°C. From March 1993 to December

Yves Castier; Guy Lesèche; Tonino Palombi; Marie-Dominique Petit; Olivier Cerceau

1999-01-01

347

Coronary artery fistulas  

PubMed Central

The aetiology of congenital coronary artery fistulas remains a challenging issue. Coronary arteries with an anatomically normal origin may, for obscure reasons, terminate abnormally and communicate with different single or multiple cardiac chambers or great vessels. When this occurs, the angiographic morphological appearance may vary greatly from discrete channels to plexiform network of vessels. Coronary arteriovenous fistulas (CAVFs) have neither specific signs nor pathognomonic symptoms; the spectrum of clinical features varies considerably. The clinical presentation of symptomatic cases can include angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, fatigue, dyspnoea, CHF, SBE, ventricular and supraventricular tachyarrhythmias or even sudden cardiac death. CAVFs may, however, be a coincidental finding during diagnostic coronary angiography (CAG). CAG is considered the gold standard for diagnosing and delineating the morphological anatomy and pathway of CAVFs. There are various tailored therapeutic modalities for the wide spectrum of clinical manifestations of CAVFs, including conservative pharmacological strategy, percutaneous transluminal embolisation and surgical ligation. ImagesFigure 1Figure 2Figure 3Figure 4

Said, S.A.M.; Thiadens, A.A.H.J.; Fieren, M.J.C.H.; Meijboom, E.J.; van der Werf, T.; Bennink, G.B.W.E.

2002-01-01

348

Coronary Angioplasty Stent Placement  

MedlinePLUS

... to you live from the state-of-the-art Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory at Shawnee Mission Medical Center ... and he will go to the right coronary art which, which goes along the back wall of ...

349

Racial/ethnic disparities in amputation and revascularization: a nationwide inpatient sample study.  

PubMed

This study investigates whether ethnic minorities presenting with critical limb ischemia (CLI) are more likely to undergo major limb amputation compared to white patients. The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was used to identify all patients admitted with CLI; lower extremity revascularization; and major lower extremity amputation from 1998 to 2005. The NIS identified 240 139 patients presenting with CLI--68.2% white, 19.5% black, 9.0% Hispanic, and 1.24% Asian. In all, 83 328 patients underwent revascularization--73.7% white, 15.9% black, 7.4% Hispanic, and 1.1% Asian. The majority of the interventions were open. In all, 111 548 patients underwent a major lower extremity amputation--61% white, 25.4% black, 10.1% Hispanic, and 1.1% Asian. The mean Charlson comorbidity scores for amputation were 2.1 for whites, 2.0 for blacks, 2.3 for Hispanics, and 2.5 for Asians (for all data, P < .05). Blacks make up a disproportionately higher proportion of patients admitted for CLI and undergoing amputation, with a lower proportion undergoing revascularization. PMID:24212408

Hughes, Kakra; Seetahal, Shiva; Oyetunji, Toluloupe; Rose, David; Greene, Wendy; Chang, David; Cornwell, Edward; Obisesan, Thomas

2014-01-01

350

A thromboembolic model for the efficacy and safety evaluation of combined mechanical and pharmacologic revascularization strategies  

PubMed Central

Background and purpose Recanalization strategies mediated by intra-arterial fibrinolytic therapy in combination with mechanical clot disruption may be a more effective treatment approach than either therapy used alone. There are few preclinical animal models to evaluate these strategies. Here we report on a model to simultaneously evaluate both of these treatment approaches. Methods Allogeneic clot was injected through the 6 F guide catheter after creating >50% luminal stenosis of the common carotid arteries of New Zealand White rabbits. The stenosis was released after 1?h, allowing sufficient time for clot–vessel wall interaction. Occlusion was confirmed and each vessel was assigned to receive either balloon angioplasty alone, intra-arterial tissue plasminogen activator (tPA, Alteplase, Genentech, San Francisco, California, USA), tPA delivery through prototype balloon infusion wire (NIT Therapeutics, Pittsburgh,  Pennsylvania, USA), partial stent deployment or partial stent deployment with locally delivered tPA. The negative control received no treatment. Results In vivo revascularization Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction (TICI) score revealed that the balloon infusion wire achieved a stable and higher revascularization score of TICI 2B, with a lower dose of tPA in comparison with other treatment strategies. All treatment strategies resulted in endothelial denudation and exposure of the internal elastic lamina. Conclusions The proposed animal model permits reliable and consistent thromboembolic occlusion of the target vasculature and allows for an assessment of both pharmacologic and mechanical revascularization strategies for acute ischemic stroke. PMID:22962414

Gounis, Matthew J; Nogueira, Raul G; Mehra, Manik; Chueh, Juyu; Wakhloo, Ajay K

2013-01-01

351

Coronary artery disease in congenital single coronary artery in adults: A Dutch case series  

PubMed Central

AIM: To assess the current diagnostic and therapeutic management and the clinical implications of congenital single coronary artery (SCA) in adults. METHODS: We identified 15 patients with a SCA detected from four Dutch angiography centers in the period between 2010 and 2013. Symptomatic patients who underwent routine diagnostic coronary angiography (CAG) for suspected coronary artery disease and who incidentally were found to have isolated SCA were analyzed. RESULTS: Fifteen (7 females) with a mean age of 58.5 ± 13.78 years (range 43-86) had a SCA. Conventional CAG demonstrated congenital isolated SCA originating as a single ostium from the right sinus of Valsalva in 6 patients and originating from the left in 9 patients. Minimal to moderate coronary atherosclerotic changes were found in 4, and severe stenotic lesions in another 4 patients. Seven patients were free of coronary atherosclerosis. Runs of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia were documented in 2 patients, one of whom demonstrated transmural ischemic changes on presentation. Myocardial perfusion scintigraphic evidence of transmural myocardial ischemia was found in 1 patient due to kinking and squeezing of the SCA with an interarterial course between the aorta and pulmonary artery. Multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) was helpful to delineate the course of the anomalous artery relative to the aorta and pulmonary artery. Percutaneous coronary intervention was successfully performed in 3 patients. Eight patients were managed medically. Arterial bypass graft was performed in 4 patients with the squeezed SCA. CONCLUSION: SCA may be associated with transient transmural myocardial ischemia and aborted sudden death in the absence of coronary atherosclerosis. The availability and sophistication of MSCT facilitates the delineation of the course of a SCA. We present a Dutch case series and review of the literature. PMID:24772259

Said, Salah AM; de Voogt, Willem G; Bulut, Suat; Han, Jacques; Polak, Peter; Nijhuis, Rogier LG; op den Akker, Jeroen W; Slootweg, Andries

2014-01-01

352

Coronary Heart Disease, Hypertension, Stroke, and  

E-print Network

Coronary Heart Disease, Hypertension, Stroke, and Diabetes #12;Coronary Heart Disease: Overview by atherosclerosis ­ Narrowing of coronary arteries, the vessels that supply the heart · Disease process: coronary Supply To The Heart #12;Coronary Artery Disease · Coronary artery disease is one of the most common

Meagher, Mary

353

Revascularization of vertebrobasilar artery occlusion at the chronic stage.  

PubMed

We describe a patient who underwent intracranial angioplasty and Solitaire stent placement for recanalization of a vertebrobasilar artery occlusion 2 months after symptom onset. Computed tomography angiography and digital subtraction angiography showed that both vertebral arteries and the proximal basilar artery were occluded. Balloon angioplasty was performed on a segment of the occluded left vertebral artery and basilar artery, followed by successful detachment of one Solitaire stent. Repeat angiography showed near normal patency of the left vertebrobasilar artery. The patient`s symptoms improved significantly, and postoperative transcranial Doppler sonography 3 months later showed no evidence of in-stent restenosis. PMID:23887219

Liu, Xun-Can; Chen, Chen; Shi, Ming-Chao; Wang, Shou-Chun

2013-07-01

354

Congenital coronary anomalies detected by coronary computed tomography compared to invasive coronary angiography  

PubMed Central

Background As coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) has emerged as a non-invasive alternative for evaluation of coronary anatomy with a lower referral threshold than invasive coronary angiography (ICA), the prevalence of coronary anomalies in CCTA may more closely reflect the true prevalence in the general population. Morphological features of coronary anomalies can be evaluated more precisely by CCTA than by ICA, which might lead to a higher identification of congenital coronary anomalies in CCTA compared to ICA. To evaluate the incidence, clinical and morphological features of the anatomy of patients with coronary anomalies detected either by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) with prospective ECG-triggering or invasive coronary angiography (ICA). Methods Consecutive patients underwent 64-slice CCTA (n?=?1?759) with prospective ECG-triggering or ICA (n?=?9?782) and coronary anatomy was evaluated for identification of coronary anomalies to predefined criteria (origin, course and termination) according to international recommendations. Results The prevalence of coronary anomalies was 7.9% (n?=?138) in CCTA and 2.1% in ICA (n?=?203; p?coronary anomaly detected by CCTA was myocardial bridging 42.8% (n?=?59) vs. 21.2% (n?=?43); p?coronary anomalies in CCTA 9.4% were potentially serious coronary anaomalies, defined as a course of the coronary artery between aorta and pulmonary artery were identified. Conclusion The prevalence of coronary anomalies is substantially higher with CCTA than ICA even after exclusion of patients with myocardial bridging which is more frequently found with CCTA. This suggests that the true prevalence of coronary anomalies in the general population may have been underestimated based on ICA. PMID:25004927

2014-01-01

355

Studies of regional myocardial blood flow: results in patients with left anterior descending coronary artery disease.  

PubMed

Measurements of regional myocardial blood flow have been performed rapidly and safely in man at the time of coronary arteriography. Xenon-133 was injected into the coronary artery and estimates of myocardial capillary perfusion were made by computer analysis of the multiple precordial tracer washout curves recorded with a scintillation camera. Blood flow rates/100 g/min in different areas of the heart were calculated by the Schmidt-Kety formula, using an assumed partition coefficient, and were related to the coronary vascular lesions by landmarks provided by the arteriograms. The flow significance of lesions was assessed by making measurements at rest and during interventions that increase coronary blood flow. Perfusion was also estimated in areas supplied by collateral vessels, and regions of scar were detected from the initial distribution of peak tracer activity. In patients with less than 50% obstructions apparent on coronary arteriograms and in those with greater than 50% isolated left anterior descending lesions average mean left ventricular (LV) myocardial perfusion values were not reduced below values found in patients with normal coronary arteries and normal cardiac function. However, in patients with significant two-vessel disease (LAD + right, LAD + circ) mean LV perfusion was significantly reduced. Average regional myocardial perfusion distal to significant lesions was not selectively reduced below the remainder of the ventricle unless the lesions were 100% obstructions. However, both total and distal regional myocardial perfusion increased less in 12 patients with greater than 50% lesions than in 12 others with normal arteriograms or less than 50% lesions. Subnormal flow responses in all of the former group were associated with angina pectoris compared with no angina in the latter. The studies indicate the potential utility of the measurements of regional myocardial blood flow in the evaluation of patients with ischemic heart disease who are potential candidates for myocardial revascularization procedures. PMID:941026

Cannon, P J; Weiss, M B; Casarella, W J

1976-07-01

356

Does coronary endarterectomy technique affect surgical outcome when combined with coronary artery bypass grafting?  

PubMed

A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether open coronary endarterectomy (CE) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) compares favourably with closed endarterectomy and CABG in the myocardial revascularization of patients presenting with diffuse coronary artery disease (DCAD). One hundred and fifty-five articles were identified by a systematic search, of which 10 best answered the clinical question incorporating a total of 1203 patients (915 open-CE, 288 closed-CE). All were observational studies. Two were comparative and the remaining eight were case series. The authors, journal, date, country of publication, patient group, study type, relevant outcomes and results were recorded. The open technique involved removal of atheroma under direct vision through an arteriotomy along the length of diffusely stenotic artery, whereas the closed technique involved a smaller arteriotomy and removal via traction on the proximal plaque. The overall postoperative mortality rate associated with open-CE ranged from 2.3 to 10.5%. Both comparative studies demonstrated at least equivalent 30-day mortality between open-CE and closed-CE. Notably, the four studies with highest overall postoperative mortality used a saphenous vein (SV) graft in the majority of patients. Furthermore, two-vessel CE was associated with higher mortality rates. Among these best evidence series, the overall incidence rate of postoperative myocardial infarction (MI) was 7.3% (88/1203). Whether open-CE or the use of internal thoracic artery (ITA) conduit over SV affects postoperative MI rates remains inconclusive. Mid-term and long-term graft patency, and 3-, 4- and 5-year survival rates are all improved when open-CE is combined with the ITA bypass conduit, when compared with closed-CE or open-CE using another conduit. In summary, open-CE with CABG in the setting of DCAD may carry lower 30-day mortality than closed-CE with CABG. Utilization of ITA appears to improve mortality, whereas the SV conduit and multivessel CE may worsen clinical outcome. Furthermore, the ITA may also improve graft patency when combined with open-CE. There is currently insufficient evidence to determine the effect of open-CE on MI incidence. Future large, prospective studies are now required with defined subgroups, stratifying technique, number and territory of the endarterectomy and conduit type in order to determine the patients in whom open-CE may confer the greatest benefit. PMID:25114125

Soylu, Erdinc; Harling, Leanne; Ashrafian, Hutan; Athanasiou, Thanos

2014-11-01

357

Patient Preferences for Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery or Percutaneous Intervention in Multi-Vessel Coronary Artery Disease  

PubMed Central

Objectives Determine if patients prefer multi-vessel percutaneous coronary intervention (mv-PCI) over coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) for treatment of symptomatic multi-vessel coronary artery disease (mv-CAD) despite high 1-year risk. Background Patient risk perception and preference for CABG or mv-PCI to treat medically refractory mv-CAD is poorly understood. We hypothesize that patients prefer mv-PCI instead of CABG even when quoted high mv-PCI risk. Methods 585 patients and 31 physicians were presented standardized questionnaires with a hypothetical scenario describing chest pain and medically refractory mv-CAD. CABG or mv-PCI were presented as treatment options. Risk scenarios included variable 1-year risks of death, stroke and repeat procedures for mv-PCI and fixed risks for CABG. Participants indicated their preference of revascularization method based on the presented risks. We calculated the odds that patients or physicians would favor mv-PCI over CABG across a range of quoted risks of death, stroke and repeat procedures. Results For nearly all quoted risks, patients preferred mv-PCI over CABG, even when the risk of death was double the risk with CABG or the risk of repeat procedures was more than three times that for CABG (p<0.0001). Compared to patients, physicians chose mv-PCI less often than CABG as the risk of death and repeat procedures increased (p<0.001 and p=0.004, respectively). Conclusion Patients favor mv-PCI over CABG to treat mv-CAD, even if 1-year risks of death and repeat procedures far exceed risk with CABG. Physicians are more influenced by actual risk and prefer mv-PCI less than patients despite similarly quoted 1-year risks. PMID:22517566

Kipp, Ryan; Lehman, James; Israel, Jacqueline; Edwards, Niloo; Becker, Tara; Raval, Amish N.

2014-01-01

358

Surgical management of left ventricular myxoma with embolization to the right coronary artery.  

PubMed Central

We report a rare case of left ventricular myxoma with embolization to the right coronary artery, presenting as an acute myocardial infarction. The tumor was excised from the left ventricle, and the tumor embolus was removed from the right coronary artery. Saphenous vein bypass grafting was also performed successfully. Images PMID:8885108

Saldanha, R; Srikrishna, S V; Shetty, N; Shenthar, J; Nayak, P P

1996-01-01

359

Coronary artery bypass grafting in a patient with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia.  

PubMed

Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT, Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome) is an autosomal dominant condition which usually presents with recurrent epistaxis, due to the presence of mucocutaneous telangiectasia, and circulatory arteriovenous malformations (pulmonary, hepatic, cerebral and spinal). We present a patient with HHT and coronary artery disease, who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting with a successful outcome. PMID:21792166

Barua, A; El-Shafei, H; Macdonald, J

2011-08-01

360

Antegrade transcatheter closure of coronary artery fistulae using vascular occlusion devices  

PubMed Central

Two children (a 9 year old boy and a 2.5 year old girl) with coronary artery fistulae communicating with the right ventricle underwent successful transcatheter occlusion using an antegrade technique. A Rashkind double umbrella device was used in one case and an Amplatzer duct occluder in the other.???Keywords: interventional cardiology; congenital heart defects; coronary artery fistula; paediatric cardiology PMID:10618344

Pedra, C; Pihkala, J; Nykanen, D; Benson, L

2000-01-01

361

Intercenter variability in outcome for patients treated with direct coronary angioplasty during acute myocardial infarction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Direct coronary angioplasty is an effective therapy for acute myocardial infarction, but its success may be dependent on both ready availability and operator skill. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of the center performing direct coronary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction while controlling for parameters known to affect outcome. Methods and Results The study group

Timothy F. Christian; James H. O'Keefe; Marcus A. DeWood; Michael G. Spain; Cindy L. Grines; Peter B. Berger; Raymond J. Gibbons

1998-01-01

362

Endovascular Revascularization of Chronically Thrombosed Arteriovenous Fistulas and Grafts for Hemodialysis: A Retrospective Study in 15 Patients With 18 Access Sites  

SciTech Connect

The current study retrospectively evaluated whether endovascular revascularization of chronically thrombosed and long-discarded vascular access sites for hemodialysis was feasible. Technical and clinical success rates, postintervention primary and secondary patency rates, and complications were reported. During a 1-year period, we reviewed a total of 924 interventions performed for dysfunction and/or failed hemodialysis vascular access sites and permanent catheters in 881 patients. In patients whose vascular access-site problems were considered untreatable or were considered treatable with a high risk of failure and access-site abandonment, we attempted to revascularize (resurrect) the chronically occluded and long-discarded (mummy) vascular access sites. We attempted to resurrect a total of 18 mummy access sites (mean age 46.6 {+-} 38.7 months; range 5-144) in 15 patients (8 women and 7 men; mean age 66.2 {+-} 11.5 years; age range 50-85) and had an overall technical success rate of 77.8%. Resurrection failure occurred in 3 fistulas and in 1 straight graft. The clinical success rate was 100% at 2 months after resurrection. In the 14 resurrected vascular access sites, 6 balloon-assisted maturation procedures were required in 5 fistulas; after access-site maturation, a total of 22 interventions were performed to maintain access-site patency. The mean go-through time for successful resurrection procedures was 146.6 {+-} 34.3 min (range 74-193). Postmaturation primary patency rates were 71.4 {+-} 12.1% at 30 days, 57.1 {+-} 13.2% at 60 days, 28.6 {+-} 13.4% at 90 days, and 19 {+-} 11.8% at 180 days. Postmaturation secondary patency rates were 100% at 30, 60, and 90 days and 81.8 {+-} 11.6% at 180 days. There were 2 major complications consisting of massive venous ruptures in 2 mummy access sites during balloon dilation; in both cases, prolonged balloon inflation failed to achieve hemostasis, but percutaneous N-butyl cyanoacrylate glue seal-off was performed successfully. Percutaneous resurrection of mummy vascular access sites for hemodialysis is technically feasible with high clinical success rates. In selected patients, resurrection of mummy access sites provides long-discarded access sites one more chance to be used for hemodialysis in an effort to preserve potential extremity sites for future access-site placement and to prevent long-term catheter indwelling.

Weng Meijui [Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Department of Radiology, Taiwan (China); Chen, Matt Chiung-Yu, E-mail: jjychen@gmail.com [Yuan's General Hospital, Department of Interventional Radiology, Taiwan (China); Chi Wenche; Liu Yichun [Yuan's General Hospital, Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Taiwan (China); Liang, Huei-Lung; Pan, Huay-Ben [Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Department of Radiology, Taiwan (China)

2011-04-15

363

Comparison of clinical outcomes of Chinese men and women after coronary stenting for coronary artery disease: a multi-center retrospective analysis of 4,334 patients.  

PubMed

The outcome differences between Chinese male and female patients within one-year follow-up after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent remain unclear. The present study was aimed to compare clinical outcomes in such two populations. From May 1999 to December 2009, 4,334 patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI), unstable angina, stable angina, or silent ischemia, who underwent PCI, were registered at our centers. Among these, 3,089 were men and 1,245 were women. We compared these groups with respect to the primary outcomes of MI and secondary outcomes including a composite of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) including cardiac death, MI, target lesion revascularization, target vessel revascularization (TVR), stent thrombosis (ST), definite ST and probable ST at one-year follow-up. Chinese male patients had a higher MACE rate (13% vs. 10.7%, P ?=? 0.039), mainly led by TVR (9.09% vs. 6.98%, P?=?0.024) at one year, which was significantly different than female patients. Chinese male and female patients showed a significant difference on MACEs. However, there was no significant difference with respect to MI between these groups. PMID:25332708

Shrestha, Rajiv; Xu, Jing; Xie, Dujiang; Liu, Zhizhong; Xu, Tian; Ye, Fei; Din, Shiqing; Qian, Xuesong; Yang, Song; Liu, Yueqiang; Li, Feng; Zhang, Aiping; Chen, Shaoliang

2014-09-01

364

Comparison of clinical outcomes of Chinese men and women after coronary stenting for coronary artery disease: a multi-center retrospective analysis of 4,334 patients  

PubMed Central

Abstract The outcome differences between Chinese male and female patients within one-year follow-up after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent remain unclear. The present study was aimed to compare clinical outcomes in such two populations. From May 1999 to December 2009, 4,334 patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI), unstable angina, stable angina, or silent ischemia, who underwent PCI, were registered at our centers. Among these, 3,089 were men and 1,245 were women. We compared these groups with respect to the primary outcomes of MI and secondary outcomes including a composite of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) including cardiac death, MI, target lesion revascularization, target vessel revascularization (TVR), stent thrombosis (ST), definite ST and probable ST at one-year follow-up. Chinese male patients had a higher MACE rate (13% vs. 10.7%, P ?=? 0.039), mainly led by TVR (9.09% vs. 6.98%, P?=?0.024) at one year, which was significantly different than female patients. Chinese male and female patients showed a significant difference on MACEs. However, there was no significant difference with respect to MI between these groups.

Shrestha, Rajiv; Xu, Jing; Xie, Dujiang; Liu, Zhizhong; Xu, Tian; Ye, Fei; Din, Shiqing; Qian, Xuesong; Yang, Song; Liu, Yueqiang; Li, Feng; Zhang, Aiping; Chen, Shaoliang

2014-01-01

365

Coronary arterial fistulas  

PubMed Central

Abstract A coronary arterial fistula is a connection between one or more of the coronary arteries and a cardiac chamber or great vessel. This is a rare defect and usually occurs in isolation. Its exact incidence is unknown. The majority of these fistulas are congenital in origin although they may occasionally be detected after cardiac surgery. They do not usually cause symptoms or complications in the first two decades, especially when small. After this age, the frequency of both symptoms and complications increases. Complications include 'steal' from the adjacent myocardium, thrombosis and embolism, cardiac failure, atrial fibrillation, rupture, endocarditis/endarteritis and arrhythmias. Thrombosis within the fistula is rare but may cause acute myocardial infarction, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and ventricular arrhythmias. Spontaneous rupture of the aneurysmal fistula causing haemopericardium has also been reported. The main differential diagnosis is patent arterial duct, although other congenital arteriovenous shunts need to be excluded. Whilst two-dimensional echocardiography helps to differentiate between the different shunts, coronary angiography is the main diagnostic tool for the delineation of the anatomy. Surgery was the traditional method of treatment but nowadays catheter closure is recommended using a variety of closure devices, such as coils, or other devices. With the catheter technique, the results are excellent with infrequent complications. Disease name and synonyms Coronary arterial fistulas Coronary arterial fistulas or malformations PMID:17184545

Qureshi, Shakeel A

2006-01-01

366

Comparison of prognostic usefulness (three years) of computed tomographic angiography versus 64-slice computed tomographic calcium scanner in subjects without significant coronary artery disease.  

PubMed

Coronary computerized tomographic angiography (CTA) has been used as a noninvasive method for ruling out high-grade stenoses. Even in the absence of such stenoses, analysis of coronary atherosclerosis may provide for important prognostic information, and this may be superior to exclusive coronary artery calcium scoring. We tested this hypothesis in patients undergoing CTA for clinical indications who had no stenoses requiring revascularization. From December 2004 to December 2006, 706 consecutive patients who underwent CTA but had no high-grade stenoses were included (58% men, mean age 59 ± 11 years). CTA and coronary artery calcium scoring (Agatston method) were performed using a 64-slice CT scanner with a gantry rotation time of 330 ms. CT angiograms were categorized as completely normal (group 1), showing minor plaque (group 2), or showing intermediate stenoses (group 3). Follow-up information was obtained in 670 patients (95%) over a mean of 3.2 years. There were 31 major adverse events (5%), namely 9 deaths (all noncoronary), 2 myocardial infarctions, 5 strokes, 13 coronary revascularization procedures (percutaneous or surgical > 6 months after CTA), and 2 peripheral percutaneous interventions. Coronary status as defined by CTA was predictive of major events after adjustment for age and gender. In group 1, the probability of event-free survival at 3 years was 100%; in group 2, it was 96%; and in group 3, it was 91%. Compared to group 1, the risk in group 2 was increased 2.3-fold, and in group 3, it was increased 5.6-fold after adjusting for age and gender. However, after addition of the coronary artery calcium score to the regression analysis, CT angiographic status no longer appeared to be predictive. In conclusion, the risk of a major adverse cardiovascular event or death increased in a graded manner with degree of coronary atherosclerosis as defined by CTA even in the absence of high-grade coronary stenoses. However, in the absence of high-grade stenoses, we were unable to demonstrate a superior prognostic value of CTA compared to coronary artery calcium. PMID:21094357

Schmermund, Axel; Elsässer, Amelie; Behl, Miriam; Magedanz, Annett; Schmidt, Marco; Nowak, Bernd; Voigtländer, Thomas

2010-12-01

367

Comparison of 30-day and 5-year outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention versus coronary artery bypass grafting in patients aged?50 years (the Coronary aRtery diseAse in younG adultS Study).  

PubMed

Data on the outcome of young patients after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are scarce. Data on 2,209 consecutive patients aged?50 years who underwent CABG or PCI were retrospectively collected from 15 European institutions. PCI and CABG had similar 30-day mortality rates (0.8% vs 1.4%, p=0.27), late survival (at 5 years, 97.8% vs 94.9%, p=0.082), and freedom from stroke (at 5 years, 98.0% and 98.0%, p=0.731). PCI was associated with significantly lower freedom from major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (at 5 years, 73.9% vs 85.0%, p<0.0001), repeat revascularization (at 5 years, 77.6% vs 92.5%, p<0.0001), and myocardial infarction (at 5 years, 89.9% vs 96.6%, p<0.0001) compared with CABG. These findings were confirmed in propensity score-adjusted and matched analyses. Freedom from major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events after PCI was particularly low in diabetics (at 5 years, 58.0% vs 75.9%, p<0.0001) and in patients with multivessel disease (at 5 years, 63.6% vs 85.1%, p<0.0001). PCI in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction was associated with significantly better 5-year survival (97.5% vs 88.8%, p=0.001), which was driven by its lower 30-day mortality rate (1.5% vs 6.0%, p=0.017). In conclusion, patients aged?50 years have an excellent immediate outcome after either PCI or CABG with similar long-term survival when used according to the current clinical practice. PCI was associated with significantly lower freedom from myocardial infarction and repeat revascularization. PMID:24878127

Biancari, Fausto; Gudbjartsson, Tomas; Heikkinen, Jouni; Anttila, Vesa; Mäkikallio, Timo; Jeppsson, Anders; Thimour-Bergström, Linda; Mignosa, Carmelo; Rubino, Antonino S; Kuttila, Kari; Gunn, Jarmo; Wistbacka, Jan-Ola; Teittinen, Kari; Korpilahti, Kari; Onorati, Francesco; Faggian, Giuseppe; Vinco, Giulia; Vassanelli, Corrado; Ribichini, Flavio; Juvonen, Tatu; Axelsson, Tomas A; Sigurdsson, Axel F; Karjalainen, Pasi P; Mennander, Ari; Kajander, Olli; Eskola, Markku; Ilveskoski, Erkki; D'Oria, Veronica; De Feo, Marisa; Kiviniemi, Tuomas; Airaksinen, K E Juhani

2014-07-15

368

Direct revascularization for the treatment of forearm and hand ischemia.  

PubMed

During an 8-year period, 65 patients underwent operation for ischemia of the arm and hand. Fifty-four patients presented with an acutely ischemic extremity. Twenty-two had cardiac origin emboli, 9 had arterial-arterial emboli, 8 had traumatic occlusion of the brachial artery, and 15 patients developed arterial insufficiency after iatrogenic intervention. Twenty-one of 22 patients with cardiac emboli were successfully treated with embolectomy alone. The majority of patients with arterial-arterial emboli and traumatic or iatrogenic injuries required arterial reconstruction in addition to clot retrieval. After operation, 53 of 54 patients were asymptomatic. Eleven patients underwent operation for chronic ischemia. Seven patients had axillo-brachial saphenous vein grafts, two had carotid-subclavian bypass grafts, and two patients underwent aorto-innominate bypass. All grafts remained patent during follow-up that ranged from 6 months to 8 years. We conclude that operative therapy is very effective in preventing limb loss and functional impairment in patients with acute or chronic upper extremity ischemia. PMID:8447535

Katz, S G; Kohl, R D

1993-03-01

369

Percutaneous coronary intervention versus coronary-artery bypass grafting for severe coronary artery disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) involving drug-eluting stents is increasingly used to treat complex coronary artery disease, although coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been the treatment of choice historically. Our trial compared PCI and CABG for treating patients with previously untreated three-vessel or left main coronary artery disease (or both). METHODS We randomly assigned 1800 patients with three-vessel or left

Patrick W. Serruys; Marie-Claude Morice; A. Pieter Kappetein; Antonio Colombo; David R. Holmes; Michael J. Mack; E. Stahle; Ted E. Feldman; Marcel van den Brand; Eric J. Bass; Nic Van Dyck; K. Leadly; Keith D. Dawkins; Friedrich W. Mohr

2009-01-01

370

Safety and efficacy of a non-polymeric paclitaxel-eluting microporous stent in real-world percutaneous coronary intervention  

PubMed Central

At present, there is an increasing focus on stents that have a biodegradable polymer coating, rather than a permanent polymer coating. This is due to the fact that following the implantation of a drug-eluting stent (DES) with a permanent polymer coating, the continued existence of the coating may result in a foreign body reaction and delayed re-endothelialization. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a non-polymeric paclitaxel-eluting microporous (YINYI™) stent in real-life percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). A total of 686 YINYI™ stents were implanted in 404 patients with CAD in a PCI procedure and outpatient follow-ups were performed 1, 6, 12 and 15 months subsequent to the PCI, respectively. The observation endpoints were major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), including cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), restenosis, target lesion revascularization, stent thrombosis and recurrence of angina pectoris. The average follow-up time was 15 months. The results revealed that the cumulative incidences of MACEs were as follows: mortality, 0.99%; non-fatal MI, 0.74%; restenosis, 4.0%; and target lesion revascularization, 2.7%. The results at the short- and long-term clinical follow-ups indicated that YINYI™ stents are effective and safe for use in PCI for patients with CAD. PMID:24137271

WANG, SHAO-PENG; HUANG, RONG-CHONG; ZHU, HAO; ZHANG, BO; ZHENG, ZHEN-GUO; YIN, DA; WANG, JUN-JIE; ZHOU, XU-CHEN

2013-01-01

371

Relationship of genetic markers for atherosclerosis and long-term outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention with stenting.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to describe the relationship of clinical outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stenting and genetic polymorphisms (GP) which are known to relate to the incidence of in-stent restenosis and late thrombotic complications. The study included 190 patients with standardized clinical follow-up over 5 years, which were initially treated with PCI. We investigated clinical data, angiographic characteristics, 10 polymorphisms involved in neointimal hyperplasia and late thrombosis at 6 different levels and their relationship with the major adverse cardiac events (MACE). The long-term clinical outcome was defined by MACE: death, target vessel revascularization (PCI or coronary bypass grafting, CABG) and myocardial infarction. Angiotensin receptor type I (AGTR A1166C) and angiotensinogen (AGT MET235THR) GPs correlated with repeat revascularization and total MACE. Carriers of G allele for NOS3 A922G GP were shown to have a significantly lower repeat revascularization rate in comparison with the AA genotype, as did the T allele carriers in the NOS3 C690T GP analysis when compared to the CC genotype. The Asp genome carriers with the NOS3 GLU298ASP GP were also shown to have significantly less re-PCI in contrast to the Glu/Glu genotype. The study could document the protective influence of the 4G/5G GP for plasminogen inhibitor activator-1, which carried the lowest rate of re-PCI and total MACE during the follow-up. GPs for beta-1 G-protein subunit GNB3 C825T, fibrinogen FGB G455A and E-selectins Ser128Arg and Leu554Phe did not show statistical correlation with the clinical outcome. The results illustrate the potential use of genetic markers in defining patients with possibly worse clinical outcome after PCI, who may profit from more aggressive prevention of restenosis and late thrombotic complications. PMID:23390838

Bernat, Robert; Szavits-Nossan, Janko; Trbovi?, Aleksandar; Kapov-Svilici?, Ksenija; Sesto, Igor; Sipi?, Tomislav

2012-12-01

372

A Case of Extrinsic Compression of the Left Main Coronary Artery Secondary to Pulmonary Artery Dilatation  

PubMed Central

Extrinsic compression of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) secondary to pulmonary artery dilatation is a rare syndrome. Most cases of pulmonary artery hypertension but no atherosclerotic risk factors rarely undergo coronary angiography, and hence, diagnoses are seldom made and proper management is often delayed in these patients. We describe a patient that presented with pulmonary hypertension, clinical angina, and extrinsic compression of the LMCA by the pulmonary artery, who was treated successfully by percutaneous coronary intervention. Follow-up coronary angiography showed patent stent in the LMCA in the proximity of the dilated main pulmonary artery. This case reminds us that coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention should be considered in pulmonary hypertension patients presenting with angina or left ventricular dysfunction. PMID:24133364

Choi, Yoon-Jung; Lee, Jin-Sung; Park, Won-Jong; Lee, Sang-Hee; Park, Jong-Seon; Shin, Dong-Gu; Kim, Young-Jo

2013-01-01

373

Secondary prevention strategies for acute coronary syndrome.  

PubMed

Cardiovascular disease is the main health problem in Europe and the rest of the world and is the leading cause of death and health care expenditure. By reducing mortality and ischemic event recurrence, prevention strategies play a fundamental role in patients who have had an acute coronary syndrome. Although these prevention strategies have focused with great success on high-risk individuals, they should also be used in the general population, which is showing an increase in the prevalence of obesity, diabetes mellitus, and other comorbidities that may reverse this trend toward reduced mortality. The present article consists of an up-to-date review of the main cardiovascular prevention measures, particularly the new developments of the last year, as well as the particularities of these measures when they are targeted at patients with a prior acute coronary syndrome. PMID:25262131

Quiles, Juan; Miralles-Vicedo, Beatriz

2014-10-01

374

Myocardial infarction determined by technetium-99m pyrophosphate single-photon tomography complicating elective coronary artery bypass grafting for angina pectoris  

SciTech Connect

The incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) complicating coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has previously been based on concordance of electrocardiographic, enzymatic and scintigraphic criteria. Technetium-99m pyrophosphate (Tc-PPi) single-photon emission computed tomography now enables detection of AMI with high sensitivity and specificity. Using this technique, perioperative AMI was detected in 12 of 58 patients (21%) undergoing successful elective CABG for stable angina pectoris. Stepwise multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to compare the predictive value of preoperative (New York Heart Association class, left ventricular ejection fraction and use of beta blockers) and intraoperative (number of grafts constructed, use of internal mammary anastomoses, use of sequential saphenous vein grafts, smallest grafted distal vessel lumen caliber and aortic cross-clamp time) variables. Preoperative New York Association class (p = 0.04) and smallest grafted distal vessel lumen caliber (p = 0.03) were significant multivariate predictors of perioperative AMI. Only 1 perioperative patient with AMI (and 1 pyrophosphate-negative patient) developed new Q waves. Serum creatine kinase-MB was higher in patients with AMI by repeated measures analysis of variance (p = 0.0003). Five AMIs occurred in myocardial segments revascularized using sequential saphenous vein grafts, and 7 in segments perfused by significantly stenosed epicardial vessels with distal lumen diameter and perfusion territory considered too small to warrant CABG. At 6-month follow-up, the mean left ventricular ejection fraction increased from 0.61 to 0.65 in Tc-PPI-negative patients (p = 0.01), but not in perioperative patients with AMI.

Burns, R.J.; Gladstone, P.J.; Tremblay, P.C.; Feindel, C.M.; Salter, D.R.; Lipton, I.H.; Ogilvie, R.R.; David, T.E.

1989-06-15

375

Coronary artery disease (image)  

MedlinePLUS

... through these arteries is critical for the heart. Coronary artery disease usually results from the build-up of fatty material and plaque, a condition called atherosclerosis. As the ... blood to the heart can slow or stop, causing chest pain (stable ...

376

Prognostic value of dual-source multidetector computed tomography coronary angiography in patients with stent implantation.  

PubMed

We aim to evaluate the prognostic value of dual-source 64-slice multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in patients with coronary stents. The study included 173 patients [mean age 59.9 ± 10.1 years, 76.7 % male] with previous stent implantation who underwent MDCT for evaluation of CAD and stent patency. Coronary imaging was performed via dual-source MDCT scanner. Stented vessel segment was evaluated as patent without neointimal hyperplasia (NIH), nonobstructive NIH (<50 % luminal narrowing), or obstructive NIH (>50 % luminal narrowing). Patients were evaluated for major cardiovascular events (MACEs) to demonstrate association between stent patency and clinical outcome. MACEs that were originating from non-stented segments were excluded. A total of 213 coronary stents were evaluated in our study. During mean of 21.2 ± 13.6 months' follow-up, 25 patients experienced MACEs [1 (4.0 %) cardiac death, 5 (20.0 %) nonfatal MI, and 19 (76.0 %) unstable angina pectoris requiring hospitalization and target vessel revascularization] associated with stented segment of coronary arteries. One hundred of 105 patients (95.2 %) with a patent stent without NIH detected by MDCT had no cardiac event associated with stented segments during mean 2 years' follow-up period. These data indicate that patients with a patent stent without NIH as determined by MDCT have a good prognosis as opposed to an increased rate of events among patients with either nonobstructive or obstructive NIH as determined with MDCT, supporting MDCT as a reliable tool to evaluate patients after coronary stenting. PMID:23665823

Sunman, Hamza; Yorgun, Hikmet; Canpolat, U?ur; Kunak, Ay?egül Ülgen; Dural, Muhammet; Haz?rolan, Tuncay; Sahiner, Levent; Kaya, Ergün Bar??; Aytemir, Kudret; Tokgözo?lu, Lale; Kabakç?, Giray; Oto, Ali

2013-10-01

377

Coronary heart disease is associated with non-amnestic mild cognitive impairment.  

PubMed

The progression of amnestic mild cognitive impairment (a-MCI) to Alzheimer's disease and hypothesized progression of non-amnestic mild cognitive impairment (na-MCI) to non-degenerative or vascular dementias suggest etiologic differences. We examined the association between coronary heart disease (CHD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) subtypes in a population-based cohort. Participants (n=1969; aged 70-89 years) were evaluated using the Clinical Dementia Rating Scale, a neurological examination, and neuropsychological testing for diagnoses of normal cognition, MCI, or dementia. CHD was defined as a history of myocardial infarction, angina, angiographic coronary stenosis, or coronary revascularization and ascertained by participant interview and from medical records. CHD was significantly associated with na-MCI (OR=1.93; 95% CI=1.22-3.06) but not with a-MCI (OR=0.94; 95% CI=0.69-1.28). In contrast, ApoE ?4 allele was significantly associated with a-MCI (OR=1.75; 95% CI=1.28-2.41), but not with na-MCI (OR=1.17; 95% CI=0.69-2.00). The association of CHD with prevalent na-MCI but not with a-MCI suggests that CHD and na-MCI may have similar underlying etiologies. PMID:19091445

Roberts, Rosebud O; Knopman, David S; Geda, Yonas E; Cha, Ruth H; Roger, Véronique L; Petersen, Ronald C

2010-11-01

378

Visualization of Discrete Microinfarction After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Associated With Mild Creatine Kinase-MB Elevation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—Mild elevations in creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) are common after successful percutaneous coronary interventions and are associated with future adverse cardiac events. The mechanism for CK-MB release remains unclear. A new contrast-enhanced MRI technique allows direct visualization of myonecrosis. Methods and Results—Fourteen patients without prior infarction underwent cine and contrast-enhanced MRI after successful coronary stenting; 9 patients had procedure-related CK-MB elevation,

Mark J. Ricciardi; Edwin Wu; Charles J. Davidson; Kelly M. Choi; Francis J. Klocke; Robert O. Bonow; Robert M. Judd; Raymond J. Kim

2010-01-01

379

A new technology for revascularization of cerebral embolism using liquid jet impact  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Revascularization time is the dominant factor in the treatment of acute cerebral embolism. In this paper we describe a rapid revascularization therapy using liquid jets generated by the interaction of gas bubbles with shock waves, which impact on the thrombi. The interaction of a shock wave with a gas bubble attached to an artificial thrombus which was inserted into a tube model of a cerebral artery was investigated. The shock wave was generated by detonating a microexplosive pellet. The overpressure of the shock wave was (n = 7) and (n = 3). The initial air bubble radii were varied from 0.87 mm to 2.18 mm. The subsequent collapse of the bubble was photographed using a high-speed framing camera, and the liquid jet penetrating into the artificial thrombus was visualized using x-ray photography. The penetration depth of the liquid jet increased with increasing bubble size. There was an optimal separation distance between the bubble and the shock wave source to obtain the maximum penetration depth. Liquid jets have the potential to penetrate through thrombi in as little as a few microseconds, and with very efficient ablation.

Kodama, Tetsuya; Takayama, Kazuyoshi; Uenohara, Hiroshi

1997-12-01

380

Peritracheal membranous adipose tissue for early revascularization of the bronchial anastomosis.  

PubMed

The effect of a peritracheal wrap of membranous adipose tissue on revascularization of the bronchial anastomosis after left lung autotransplantation was evaluated in four groups of dogs. The bronchial anastomosis was performed just distal to the carina in groups 1 (6 dogs) and 2 (7 dogs) and as close to the lobar division as possible in groups 3 (14 dogs) and 4 (7 dogs). Peritracheal membranous adipose tissue was used in groups 1 and 3 only. The other two groups served as controls. Three dogs from group 2 had elastic Dacron fabric wrapped around the anastomotic site. Revascularization of the distal bronchus through the wrap was demonstrated in all dogs in groups 1 and 3, 7 days after surgery by postmortem injection studies but not in control groups 2 and 4, and serious bronchostenosis was also observed in the latter two groups. Histologic examination of the bronchial anastomosis revealed better structural preservation of the bronchus distal to the suture line with the adipose tissue wrap. The dogs with elastic Dacron fabric wraps showed poor structural integrity below the suture line (necrosis and calcification). Our results suggest that the level of bronchial anastomosis does not alter the healing process of the distal bronchus when a peritracheal membranous adipose tissue wrap is applied to the anastomotic site. They also indicate that the wrap is effective in restoring vascular flow across the suture line within 1 week of lung autotransplantation. PMID:3311329

LeGal, Y M; Chittal, S M; Wright, E S

1987-09-01

381

A new technology for revascularization of cerebral embolism using liquid jet impact.  

PubMed

Revascularization time is the dominant factor in the treatment of acute cerebral embolism. In this paper we describe a rapid revascularization therapy using liquid jets generated by the interaction of gas bubbles with shock waves, which impact on the thrombi. The interaction of a shock wave with a gas bubble attached to an artificial thrombus which was inserted into a tube model of a cerebral artery was investigated. The shock wave was generated by detonating a microexplosive pellet. The overpressure of the shock wave was 3.0 +/- 0.6 MPa (n = 7) and 12.7 +/- 0.4 MPa (n = 3). The initial air bubble radii were varied from 0.87 mm to 2.18 mm. The subsequent collapse of the bubble was photographed using a high-speed framing camera, and the liquid jet penetrating into the artificial thrombus was visualized using x-ray photography. The penetration depth of the liquid jet increased with increasing bubble size. There was an optimal separation distance between the bubble and the shock wave source to obtain the maximum penetration depth. Liquid jets have the potential to penetrate through thrombi in as little as a few microseconds, and with very efficient ablation. PMID:9434293

Kodama, T; Takayama, K; Uenohara, H

1997-12-01

382

Coronary CT Angiography in the Quantitative Assessment of Coronary Plaques  

PubMed Central

Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) has been recently evaluated for its ability to assess coronary plaque characteristics, including plaque composition. Identification of the relationship between plaque composition by CCTA and patient clinical presentations may provide insight into the pathophysiology of coronary artery plaque, thus assisting identification of vulnerable plaques which are associated with the development of acute coronary syndrome. CCTA-generated 3D visualizations allow evaluation of both coronary lesions and lumen changes, which are considered to enhance the diagnostic performance of CCTA. The purpose of this review is to discuss the recent developments that have occurred in the field of CCTA with regard to its diagnostic accuracy in the quantitative assessment of coronary plaques, with a focus on the characterization of plaque components and identification of vulnerable plaques. PMID:25162010

2014-01-01

383

Age, Male Gender, and Atrial Fibrillation Predict Lower Extremity Amputation or Revascularization in Patients with Peripheral Artery Diseases: A Population-Based Investigation  

PubMed Central

By using the National Health Insurance (NHI) claim data of Taiwan, we sought to determine the predictors for nontraumatic lower extremity amputation (LEA) or peripheral revascularization procedures (PRP) in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). From the NHI claim data, we identified 12,206 patients with newly diagnosed PAD between 1998 and 2008, and followed them up to 2008. We explored the age, gender, and whether the patients had concomitant comorbid conditions, such as diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension (HTN), atrial fibrillation (AF), stroke, hospitalization for coronary artery disease (CAD), myocardial infarction (MI), or heart failure (HF), and whether they were taking cilostazol at the time of recruitment. We searched for clinical parameters that might be important determinants for LEA or PRP in the study population. Of the 12,206 patients, 150 (1.2%) were found to undergo either LEA or PRP or both (LEA 81, PRP 53, both PRP and LEA 16). Old age, male gender, and history of hospitalization for CAD or MI and AF were found to be risk predictors for both procedures. Patients with DM were at lower risk for PRP (odds ratio 0.418, p?=?0.001). Patients who were taking cilostazol had higher risk for LEA or PRP. HTN was not a risk predictor for LEA or PRP. From this nationwide study, we found that among PAD patients in Taiwan, age, male gender, AF, and hospitalization for CAD or MI are risk predictors for future LEA or PRP. DM is a negative predictor for PRP while both DM and HTN are not risk predictors for LEA. PMID:23450242

Chen, Jien-Jiun; Lin, Lian-Yu; Lee, Chang-Hsing; Liau, Chiau-Suong

2012-01-01

384

Transient left ventricular cavitary dilation during dipyridamole-thallium imaging as an indicator of severe coronary artery disease  

SciTech Connect

Transient left ventricular (LV) cavitary dilation during dipyridamole-thallium imaging was reported in 45 of 510 (9%) consecutive patients referred for dipyridamole-thallium imaging. Clinical and hemodynamic effects observed during dipyridamole infusion were not predictive of transient cavitary dilation on the thallium images. Coronary angiography was performed in 32 of the 45 patients: 75% had either left main, 3-vessel or high-risk 2-vessel coronary artery disease. Although 25 of 45 patients (56%) with transient cavitary dilation were either asymptomatic or had only grade 1/4 effort angina, 16 of 25 patients (64%) not referred for coronary revascularization sustained a cardiac event during a mean follow-up of 12 months. Most events were cardiac deaths (75%) and 87% of events occurred within 4 months of the test. Noncardiac surgery was performed in 187 of the 510 patients. The postoperative cardiac event rate was 2% in the 101 patients with normal scans or fixed defects, 19% in 75 patients with reversible perfusion defects and 58% in 12 patients with reversible cavitary dilation (p less than 0.0001). Thus, transient LV dilation during dipyridamole-thallium imaging is a marker of severe underlying coronary artery disease, denotes a poor prognosis and predicts a high risk of postoperative cardiac complications in patients who undergo noncardiac surgery.

Lette, J.; Lapointe, J.; Waters, D.; Cerino, M.; Picard, M.; Gagnon, A. (Maisonneuve Hospital, Montreal, Quebec (Canada))

1990-11-15

385

Associations between HIV Infection and Subclinical Coronary Atherosclerosis: The Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS)  

PubMed Central

Background Coronary artery disease (CAD) has been associated with HIV infection; however data are not consistent. Objective We performed cardiac CT to determine whether HIV-infected men have more coronary atherosclerosis than uninfected men. Design Cross-sectional study within the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study(MACS). Participants HIV-infected (n=618) and –uninfected (n=383) men who have sex with men (MSM) had non-contrast and contrast enhanced cardiac CT if they were between 40–70 years, weighed <300 pounds, and had no history of coronary revascularization. Measurements Presence and extent, for those with plaque, of coronary artery calcium (CAC) on non-contrast CT, and of any plaque, non-calcified, mixed or calcified plaque and stenosis on CT angiography. Results 1001 men underwent non-contrast CT of whom 759 had coronary CT angiography. After adjusting for age, race, center, and cohort, HIV-infected men had a greater prevalence of CAC [Prevalence ratio(PR)=1.21, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08–1.35, p=0.001], and any plaque [PR=1.14(1.05–1.24),p=0.001], including non-calcified plaque [PR=1.28(1.13–1.45),p<0.001) and mixed plaque [PR=1.35(1.10–1.65),p=0.004] than HIV-uninfected men. Associations between HIV-infection and any plaque and non-calcified plaque remained significant (p<0.005) after CAD risk factor adjustment. HIV-infected men also had a greater extent of non-calcified plaque after CAD risk factor adjustment (p=0.026). HIV-infected men had a greater prevalence of coronary artery stenosis>50% than HIV-uninfected men [PR=1.48(1.06–2.07),p=0.020), but not after CAD risk factor adjustment. Longer duration of highly active antiretroviral therapy [PR=1.09(1.02–1.17), p=0.007,per year] and lower nadir CD4+ T-cell count [PR=0.80(0.69–0.94),p=0.005, per 100 cells] were associated with coronary stenosis>50%. Conclusions Coronary artery plaque, especially non-calcified plaque, is more prevalent and extensive in HIV-infected men, independent of CAD risk factors. Limitations Cross-sectional observational study design and inclusion of only men. Primary Funding Source NHLBI and NIAID PMID:24687069

Post, Wendy S; Budoff, Matthew; Kingsley, Lawrence; Palella, Frank J; Witt, Mallory D; Li, Xiuhong; George, Richard T; Brown, Todd; Jacobson, Lisa P.

2014-01-01

386

Usefulness and safety of vorapaxar in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (from the TRACER Trial).  

PubMed

The therapeutic potential of vorapaxar in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is unknown. This prespecified analysis of a postrandomization subgroup evaluated the effects of vorapaxar compared with placebo among Thrombin Receptor Antagonist for Clinical Event Reduction in Acute Coronary Syndrome (TRACER) participants undergoing PCI, focusing on the implanted stent type (drug-eluting stent [DES] vs bare-metal stent [BMS]). Among 12,944 recruited patients, 7,479 (57.8%) underwent PCI during index hospitalization, and 3,060 (40.9%) of those patients received exclusively BMS, whereas 4,015 (53.7%) received DES. The median (twenty-fifth, seventy-fifth percentiles) duration of thienopyridine therapy was 133 days (47, 246) with BMS and 221 days (88, 341) with DES. At 2 years among patients undergoing PCI, the primary (cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, recurrent ischemia with rehospitalization, or urgent coronary revascularization) and secondary (cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke) end points did not differ between vorapaxar and placebo groups, which was consistent with the treatment effect observed in the overall study population (p value for interaction = 0.540). However, the treatment effect trended greater (p value for interaction = 0.069) and the risk for bleeding in patients taking vorapaxar versus placebo appeared attenuated in BMS-only recipients. After adjustment for confounders, the interaction was no longer significant (p value = 0.301). The covariate that mostly explained the stent-type-by-treatment interaction was the duration of clopidogrel therapy. In conclusion, among patients with PCI, the effect of vorapaxar is consistent with the overall TRACER results. Patients who received a BMS underwent shorter courses of clopidogrel therapy and displayed trends toward greater ischemic benefit from vorapaxar and lesser bleeding risk, compared with patients who received a DES. PMID:25129064

Valgimigli, Marco; Tricoci, Pierluigi; Huang, Zhen; Aylward, Philip E; Armstrong, Paul W; Van de Werf, Frans; Leonardi, Sergio; White, Harvey D; Widimsky, Petr; Harrington, Robert A; Cequier, Angel; Chen, Edmond; Lokhnygina, Yuliya; Wallentin, Lars; Strony, John; Mahaffey, Kenneth W; Moliterno, David J

2014-09-01

387

Genetic susceptibility to coronary artery disease: from promise to progress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Family history is an important independent risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD), and identification of susceptibility genes for this common, complex disease is a vital goal. Although there has been considerable success in identifying genetic variants that influence well-known risk factors, such as cholesterol levels, progress in unearthing novel CAD genes has been slow. However, advances are now being

Martin Farrall; Hugh Watkins

2006-01-01

388

What Are Coronary Heart Disease Risk Factors?  

MedlinePLUS

... from the NHLBI on Twitter. What Are Coronary Heart Disease Risk Factors? Coronary heart disease risk factors are conditions or habits that raise your risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and heart attack . These risk factors also ...

389

A successful team treatment for left main shock syndrome  

PubMed Central

Acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock and left main coronary artery disease is called left main shock syndrome. It is reported that the morbility and mortality of the syndrome is approximately 0.46% and 55%–80%, respectively. However, the best treatment strategy in these cases is unknown. In this article, we present a patient with LMSS who successively underwent emergency percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass grafting with hemodynamic support within 5 days. The patient is now on his three month uneventful out-patient follow-up. PMID:24133520

Que, Bin; Cheng, Yu-Tong; Gao, Hai; Hou, Xiao-Tong; Dong, Ran; Li, Nan; Nie, Shao-Ping

2013-01-01

390

Noninvasive coronary imaging and assessment of left ventricular function using 16-slice computed tomography.  

PubMed

In recent years, multislice computed tomography (MSCT) has been demonstrated to be a feasible imaging modality for noninvasive coronary angiography and left ventricular function analysis. The present study evaluated overall performance of 16-slice MSCT in the detection of significant coronary artery disease, stent, or bypass graft stenosis in combination with global left ventricular function analysis. Forty-five patients underwent 16-slice MSCT. Multislice computed tomograms were used to evaluate the presence of significant coronary artery stenoses (>/=50% decrease in luminal diameter) in native coronary segments, bypass grafts, and coronary stents and were compared with conventional coronary angiograms. In addition, left ventricular ejection fraction was calculated and compared with 2-dimensional echocardiography. MSCT was performed successfully in all patients. A close correlation between MSCT and 2-dimensional echocardiography was demonstrated for the assessment of left ventricular ejection fraction (y = 0.93x +3.33, r = 0.96, p <0.001). A total of 298 of native coronary artery segments (94%) were evaluated with MSCT, whereas 81 of 94 grafts (85%) and 41 of 52 coronary stents (79%) were also evaluated. For all segments, overall sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were 85%, 89%, 71%, and 95%, respectively. In conclusion, 16-slice MSCT is a feasible modality for noninvasive evaluation and exclusion of coronary artery disease in patients who present with chest pain. PMID:15721093

Schuijf, Joanne D; Bax, Jeroen J; Salm, Liesbeth P; Jukema, J Wouter; Lamb, Hildo J; van der Wall, Ernst E; de Roos, Albert

2005-03-01

391

Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the coronary sinus: anatomic variants and congenital anomalies.  

PubMed

The coronary sinus (CS) is an important vascular structure that allows for access into the coronary veins in multiple interventional cardiology procedures, including catheter ablation of arrhythmias, pacemaker implantation and retrograde cardioplegia. The success of these procedures is facilitated by the knowledge of the CS anatomy, in particular the recognition of its variants and anomalies. This pictorial essay reviews the spectrum of CS anomalies, with particular attention to the distinction between clinically benign variants and life-threatening defects. Emphasis will be placed on the important role of cardiac CT and cardiovascular magnetic resonance in providing detailed anatomic and functional information of the CS and its relationship to surrounding cardiac structures. Teaching Points • Cardiac CT and cardiovascular magnetic resonance offer 3D high-resolution mapping of the coronary sinus in pre-surgical planning.• Congenital coronary sinus enlargement occurs in the presence or absence of a left-to-right shunt.• Lack of recognition of coronary sinus anomalies can lead to adverse outcomes in cardiac procedures.• In coronary sinus ostial atresia, coronary venous drainage to the atria occurs via Thebesian or septal veins.• Coronary sinus diverticulum is a congenital outpouching of the coronary sinus and may predispose to cardiac arrhythmias. PMID:25048808

Chen, Yingming Amy; Nguyen, Elsie T; Dennie, Carole; Wald, Rachel M; Crean, Andrew M; Yoo, Shi-Joon; Jimenez-Juan, Laura

2014-10-01

392

Impact of different exercise training modalities on the coronary collateral circulation and plaque composition in patients with significant coronary artery disease (EXCITE trial): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Exercise training (ET) in addition to optimal medical therapy (OMT) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) has been demonstrated to be superior to percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) with respect to the composite endpoint of death, myocardial infarction, stroke, revascularization and hospitalization due to worsening of angina. One mechanism leading to this superiority discussed in the literature is the increase in coronary collateral blood flow due to ET. Until now, data demonstrating the positive effect of ET on the collateral blood flow and the functional capacity of the coronary collateral circulation are still lacking. Methods/design The EXCITE trial is a three-armed randomized, prospective, single-center, open-label, controlled study enrolling 60 patients with stable CAD and at least one significant coronary stenosis (fractional flow reserve ?0.75). The study is designed to compare the influence and efficacy of two different 4-week ET programs [high-intensity interval trainings (IT) versus moderate-intensity exercise training (MT) in addition to OMT] versus OMT only on collateral blood flow (CBF). The primary efficacy endpoint is the change of the CBF of the target vessel after 4 weeks as assessed by coronary catheterization with a pressure wire during interruption of the antegrade flow of the target vessel by balloon occlusion. Secondary endpoints include the change in plaque composition as assessed by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) after 4 weeks, myocardial perfusion as analyzed in MRI after 4 weeks and 12 months, peak oxygen uptake (V02 peak), change in endothelial function and biomarkers after 4 weeks, 3, 6 and 12 months. The safety endpoint addresses major adverse cardiovascular events (death from cardiovascular cause, myocardial infarction, stroke, TIA, target vessel revascularization or hospitalization) after 12 months. Discussion The trial investigates whether ET for 4 weeks increases the CBF in patients with significant CAD compared to a sedentary control group. It also examines the impact of two intensities of ET on the CBF as well as the histological plaque composition. The trial started recruitment in June 2009 and will complete recruitment until June 2012. First results are expected in December 2012 (4-week follow-up), final results (12-month long-term secondary endpoint) in December 2013. Trial registration Clinical trial registration information-URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01209637 PMID:22974129

2012-01-01

393

Low-molecular-weight heparin (Fragmin) during instability in coronary artery disease (FRISC). FRISC Study Group.  

PubMed

This study evaluated whether the low-molecular-weight (LMW) heparin dalteparin sodium (Fragmin) had protective effects against cardiac events in aspirin-treated patients with unstable coronary artery syndromes. Patients (n = 1,506) with unstable angina or non-Q-wave myocardial infarction were randomized to double-blind, placebo-controlled treatment with LMW heparin. The treatment was given as subcutaneous injections: 120 U/kg body weight/12 hours during the first 5-7 days and 7,500 U once daily during the following 35-45 days. The primary endpoint, death or myocardial infarction after 6 days, showed a 3% (4.7%-1.7%) absolute and a 65% relative reduction in the LMW heparin group. There was a 6.8% (15.5%-8.7%) absolute and a 47% relative reduction of urgent revascularization or need for heparin or nitroglycerin infusions in combination with the primary endpoint. After 40 days there was an absolute reduction of death or myocardial infarction of 2.8% (10.7%-7.9%) and its combination with incapacitating angina was reduced by 5.9% (30.7%-24.8%). The survival analysis indicated a reactivation of the instability soon after lowering the dose at 5-7 days. With long-term follow-up, 3-4 months after termination of LMW heparin, the differences between groups were no longer statistically significant. However, the cumulative reduction in death, myocardial infarction, and revascularization because of incapacitating angina of 5.1% (25.3%-20.4%) was maintained. No cerebral and few major bleeds occurred. Compliance was adequate. Thus, subcutaneous LMW heparin protects against cardiac events in the acute phase of unstable coronary artery disease. The subcutaneous regimen also allows prolongation of treatment in the outpatient setting, which might maintain the initial benefits over a longer period. PMID:9296466

Swahn, E; Wallentin, L

1997-09-01