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Sample records for successful primary percutaneous

  1. Successful Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty and Stenting in Acute Mesenteric Ischemia

    SciTech Connect

    Gartenschlaeger, Soeren Bender, Siegfried; Maeurer, Juergen; Schroeder, Ralf J.

    2008-03-15

    Acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) is a life-threatening emergency. The complications are high by the time of diagnosis in most cases and therefore only few data on primary percutaneous intervention with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and stenting in AMI are available. We present the case of an 84-year-old woman who presented to our emergency department complaining of an acute worsening of pre-existing abdominal periumbilical pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. She had previously undergone percutaneous transluminal embolectomy for an acute occlusion of the left common femoral artery. Due to suspicion of intestinal infarction, conventional angiography of the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) was performed and confirmed a proximal occlusion of the SMA. Percutaneous SMA recanalization with balloon dilation and subsequent stent implantation was carried out successfully. The abdominal symptoms subsided after this procedure. In AMI that is diagnosed early, endovascular stenting should be considered as an alternative treatment to the surgical approach that avoids the need for surgical bowel resection.

  2. [Percutaneous diagnostic angioscopy. Primary lesions].

    PubMed

    Carlier, C; Foucart, H; Baudrillard, J C; Cécile, J P

    1993-01-01

    Efficacy of percutaneous treatments of arterial affections requires the correct choice of indications, necessitating precise knowledge of elementary arterial lesions. Arterial endoscopy appears to be more specific than angiography for this use, since it allows direct vision in vivo of the lesion, a histopathologic approach compared with the non univocal images produced by angiography (for example, an arterial obstruction can result from varied causes). Different accidents to the endothelial surface can be observed: golden yellow atheromatous elevations on a straw yellow background, intimal flaps, mobile intra-luminal vegetations. Established atheromatous stenosis are smooth and regular, or on the contrary ulcerated and edged with irregular flaps capable of provoking an eccentric residual lumen. The vegetating atheromatous lesions may project into the lumen, often as calcified and thus pearly white scales adhering to the wall, or as larger occlusive lesions. When capable of being isolated, a thrombus often completes the stenosis: its recognition is therefore fundamental since its removal exposes the subjacent lesions to be treated. The fresh clot is coral shaped, bright red and mobile in the blood flow. Established clots are compact and greenish brown. At an advanced stage of atheroma the surface of the occluding clot is covered with a regular straw yellow endothelium. In the presence of a dissecting vessel the fibroscope may be introduced into the false channel, no longer showing typical endothelium but a coagulated mass interspersed with fibrous bands. Prosthetic stenosis result from either intimal hyperplasia or a suturing fault with plication. PMID:8473814

  3. Successful Treatment of Bleeding Duodenal Varix by Percutaneous Transsplenic Embolization.

    PubMed

    Kang, Dong Hun; Park, Ji Won; Jeon, Eui Yong; Kim, Sung Eun; Kim, Jong Hyeok; Kwon, Young Seok; Park, Seung Ah; Park, Choong Kee

    2015-11-25

    Variceal bleeding occurs primarily in the esophagus or stomach in patients with liver cirrhosis, but can also occur rarely in the duodenum. Duodenal variceal bleeding has a high mortality and poor prognosis due to heavy blood flow originating from the portal vein (PV) and the technical difficulty of hemostatic procedures. Treatments including endoscopic sclerotherapy, endoscopic ligations, endoscopic clipping and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt have been tried, with only moderate and variable success. A percutaneous transsplenic approach offers another way of accessing the PV. Here we report a case of successfully treated duodenal variceal bleeding by percutaneous transsplenic embolization. PMID:26586353

  4. Success in Primary School. Success in Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Academy for Educational Development, 2010

    2010-01-01

    A quality education system is not measured solely by national test scores, but by whether all students are successful in primary school. This simply stated goal is surprisingly difficult to achieve where substantial numbers of children are at risk of failing to complete a primary education. This paper explores the challenges and the diverse…

  5. Expedited transfer for primary percutaneous coronary intervention: a program evaluation

    PubMed Central

    de Villiers, Jacobus S.; Anderson, Todd; McMeekin, James D.; Leung, Raymond C.M.; Traboulsi, Mouhieddin

    2007-01-01

    Background A shorter time from symptom onset to reperfusion is associated with improved outcomes for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (MI). Primary percutaneous coronary intervention is a favourable method of reperfusion if performed effectively and expeditiously. We sought to evaluate the impact of an expedited pre-hospital diagnosis and transfer pathway developed by a multidisciplinary team on the door-to-balloon time in a large urban community. Methods We included all patients with ST-segment elevation MI who presented within 12 hours after symptom onset and who sought medical attention through Emergency Medical Services within the boundaries of the city of Calgary in the 16 months following the introduction of the pathway in June 2004. The primary aim was to determine the proportion of patients who received percutaneous coronary intervention within the recommended door-to-balloon time of 90 minutes. Results The 358 patients (268 men) in the study cohort had a mean age of 63.2 (standard deviation 12.7) years; 140 (39.1%) had an anterior MI; and 23 (6.4%) had cardiogenic shock. The introduction of the pathway resulted in a median door-to-balloon time of 62 (interquartile range 45–84) minutes. A door-to-balloon time within 60 minutes and within the currently recommended 90 minutes was achieved in 48.9% and 78.8% of the patients respectively. The in-hospital and 30-day mortality rates were both 3.1%. Interpretation In a community with multiple regional hospitals and a single facility for percutaneous coronary intervention, the implementation of a multidisciplinary pre-hospital diagnosis and transfer pathway was feasible and resulted in most patients in the study cohort receiving primary percutaneous coronary intervention within the recommended door-to-balloon time of 90 minutes. PMID:17576980

  6. Computed tomography-guided percutaneous biopsy of bone lesions: rate of diagnostic success and complications*

    PubMed Central

    Maciel, Macello Jose Sampaio; Tyng, Chiang Jeng; Barbosa, Paula Nicole Vieira Pinto; Bitencourt, Almir Galvão Vieira; Matushita Junior, João Paulo Kawaoka; Zurstrassen, Charles Edouard; Chung, Wu Tu; Chojniak, Rubens

    2014-01-01

    Objective To determine the rates of diagnostic success and complications of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous biopsy of bone lesions suspected for malignancy. Materials and Methods Retrospective study including 186 cases of CT-guided percutaneous biopsies of bone lesions in the period from January, 2010 to December, 2012. All the specimens were obtained with 8-10 gauge needles. The following data were collected: demographics, previous history of malignancy, data related to the lesion, to the procedure, and to histological results. Results Most patients were women (57%), and the mean age was 53.0 ± 16.4 years. In 139 cases (74.6%), there was diagnostic suspicion of metastasis and the most common primary tumors were breast (32.1%) and prostate (11.8%). The bones most commonly involved were spine (36.0%), hip (32.8%) and long bones (18.3%). Complications occurred in only three cases (1.6%) including bone fracture, paresthesia with functional impairment, and needle breakage requiring surgical removal. The specimens collected from 183 lesions (98.4%) were considered appropriate for diagnosis. Malignant results were more frequently found in patients who had a suspected secondary lesion and history of known malignancy (p < 0.001), and in patients who underwent PET/CT-guided procedures (p = 0.011). Conclusion CT-guided percutaneous biopsy is a safe and effective procedure for the diagnosis of suspicious bone lesions. PMID:25741100

  7. Primary succession in Mount Pinatubo

    PubMed Central

    Marler, Thomas E; del Moral, Roger

    2013-01-01

    Vegetation structure on the east flank of Mount Pinatubo was investigated to determine the inventory of species at 15 y post-eruption, then to ascertain environmental variables that have influenced the early patterns of primary succession. Unconstrained and constrained ordination methods were used to determine the influence of spatial, elevation, and substrate patterns on vegetation. Vegetation was assigned to one of 3 habitat types. Scours were eroded flat surfaces, terraces were perched flat surfaces, and talus piles were created along the canyon edges as mass waste events. The influence of habitat type on vegetation was multifaceted because they represent different conditions and different histories. The talus piles have preferential access to colonists from the vegetation on the canyon walls above and a more benign microclimate than the exposed terrace and scour sites. Scoured sites on the valley floor exhibited the least vegetation cover, as these substrates had the least mature surfaces and the most restricted capacity for root exploration. Perched terraces exhibited greater plant dominance than did the other habitats in the early stages of succession because of the ubiquitous appearance of Parasponia rugosa as initial colonists on these relatively flat surfaces. Polynomial canonical correspondence analysis was more closely aligned with the pattern of vegetation than linear canonical correspondence analysis, and therefore more closely approximated accurate descriptions of correlations among site ordination positions and measured variables. These results confirm that a variety of statistical approaches can clarify applications for restoration ecology following landslide and volcanic disturbances or agriculture and forestry anthropogenic disturbances in the lowland tropics. PMID:24505499

  8. Successful Use of the MYNXGRIP Closure Device during Repeated Transbrachial Percutaneous Peripheral Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Hertting, Klaus; Raut, Werner

    2015-01-01

    The use of closure devices after transbrachial arterial puncture is still controversial. Here we report on a case where the MYNXGRIP (AccessClosure Inc., Santa Clara, CA, USA) could be used successfully in a patient, who underwent percutaneous peripheral arterial intervention twice via transbrachial access. PMID:26380144

  9. In-hospital clinical outcomes of elderly patients (?60 years) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Su, Ya-Min; Cai, Xing-Xing; Geng, Hai-Hua; Sheng, Hong-Zhuan; Fan, Meng-Kan; Pan, Min

    2015-01-01

    Elderly patients are at high risk of mortality when they present with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, the clinical outcomes of this sub-group undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) have not been well established, despite recent advances in both devices and techniques. In the present retrospective cohort study from a Chinese single center, we assessed the clinical outcomes and predictors of mortality in elderly patients (?60 years) underwent with PPCI. The primary endpoints were immediate angiographic success and in-hospital procedural success. The secondary endpoints were all-cause death in hospital. Between January 2011 and December 2013, a total of 184 consecutive patients with acute STEMI underwent PPCI were enrolled. 116 (63.04%) patients were in the elderly group. Despite the difference in lesion complexity between groups, the immediate angiographic success rate was similar (93.97% in the elderly group, and 94.12% in the non-elderly group, P=0.966). The procedural success rate were not significantly different between the two groups (90.52% in the elderly group, and 94.12% in the non-elderly group, P=0.389). However, in-hospital mortality was statistically higher in elderly group than in the non-elderly group (8.62% Vs 1.47%, P=0.048). The major causes of death were cardiac shock and malignant arrhythmias (ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation). Our results indicate that PPCI in the elderly is feasible and has a high likelihood of immediate angiographic and procedural success. PMID:26379931

  10. Checklist aids successful primary cementing

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, R.C.

    1982-11-01

    The success of any cementing operation is improved significantly by controlling the many different factors involved. Major areas requiring detailed attention are slurry design, blending of bulk materials at service company bulk plant, reblending of bulk materials on location prior to mixing, slurry mixing on location, and displacement of the cement slurry. Of necessity, these major areas include other important considerations such as mud and hole conditioning and running casing. This checklist has been developed to assist the drilling foreman and drilling engineer in improving cementing operations. Sources of more detailed information are presented in the bibliography at the end of this article.

  11. [Primary perirenal suppurations in children: surgical or percutaneous drainage?].

    PubMed

    Frémond, B; Gandon, Y; Guibert, L; Babut, J M

    1985-01-01

    Renal and perirenal staphylococcal suppurative processes are rare since antibiotic era. Three cases are reported. Gram negative organisms are nowadays the most prevalent bacterial species: a urinary tract disease must then be suspected. Early diagnosis is easier with recent event of new imaging techniques. (Ultrasonography and computerized tomography). Percutaneous drainage with the help of antibiotics is the treatment of choice: it is actually a very safe and efficient procedure. PMID:3888426

  12. Successful percutaneous coronary intervention for chronic total occlusion of right coronary artery in patient with dextrocardia.

    PubMed

    Munawar, Muhammad; Hartono, Beny; Iskandarsyah, Kurniawan; Nguyen, Thach N

    2013-07-01

    Situs inversus with dextrocardia is rare congenital anomaly. Coronary artery disease in such patients is quite rare. We reported a 52-year-old man with dextrocardia and chronic total occlusion at the proximal right coronary artery just after conus branch and severe stenosis at the proximal left anterior descending artery. He underwent successful percutaneous coronary intervention with stenting of total occluded right coronary artery and simultaneously stenting of the proximal left anterior descending artery. PMID:23456428

  13. Successful percutaneous closure of spiral atrial septal defect

    PubMed Central

    Alobaidan, Mashail; Saleem, A; Abdo, H

    2015-01-01

    Summary The case report of a 15-year-old patient with an unusual form of atrial septal defect is described. Echocardiography showed separation of the secundum and primum atrial septums due to abnormal posterior and leftward attachment of the primum septum into the roof of the left atrium. The morphology has been variably described as a ‘double’ atrial septum or ‘spiral’ atrial septal defect. Despite the technical challenge of this form of atrial septal defect, it was effectively closed by ensuring that all relevant septal structures were incorporated between the discs of the occlusion device. This was associated with a stable position and good medium-term outcome. This contrasts with the experience of others where device embolisation or technical failure has been described. Learning points The spiral atrial septal defect is characterised by an apparently ‘double’ atrial septum.Such atrial septal defects (ASDs) have been associated with a high rate of technical failure of transcatheter closure.3D echocardiography assists in understanding the anatomy of the defect.Following deployment of the ASD occlusion device transoesophageal echocardiography is essential to ensure that both septum primum and secundum are between the occluder discs.Catheter closure can be successful if close attention is paid to the morphology of the defect and incorporation of margins within the discs of the septal occluder.

  14. Chemoembolisation combined with percutaneous radiofrequency ablation in the treatment of primary angiosarcoma of the liver

    PubMed Central

    Nunes, Thiago Franchi; Barbosa, Fabio Colagrossi Paes; Miiji, Luciana Nakao Odashiro; de Souza, Luiz Gustavo Orlandi

    2013-01-01

    Angiosarcoma of the liver is a rare disease; however, it ranks as the third most common primary liver malignancy. Diagnosis is difficult and prognosis is very poor. After the onset of clinical symptoms, the disease often progresses rapidly, decreasing the chances of curative treatment. We report the case of an 83-year-old male patient who presented with postprandial fullness. Upper abdominal ultrasound showed a hypervascular mass in segment 6 of the liver. The results of anatomopathological examination and immunohistochemistry were compatible with the diagnosis of primary angiosarcoma of the liver. Patient refused surgery (haepatectomy), and treatment was then initiated with transarterial chemoembolisation, followed by percutaneous radiofrequency ablation. The patient is currently cured based on clinical and radiological evidence. This case report is the first in the literature to describe the combined use of transarterial chemoembolisation with percutaneous radiofrequency ablation in the treatment of primary angiosarcoma of the liver. PMID:23704445

  15. Successful Left-Heart Decompression during Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in an Adult Patient by Percutaneous Transaortic Catheter Venting

    PubMed Central

    Hong, Tae Hee; Byun, Joung Hun; Yoo, Byung Ha; Hwang, Sang Won; Kim, Han Yong; Park, Jae Hong

    2015-01-01

    Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) is widely used in patients with cardiogenic shock. Insufficient decompression of the left ventricle (LV) is considered a major factor preventing adequate LV recovery. A 40-year-old male was diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction, and revascularization was performed using percutaneous stenting. However, cardiogenic shock occurred, and VA ECMO was initiated. Severe LV failure developed, and percutaneous transaortic catheter venting (TACV) was incorporated into the venous circuit of VA ECMO under transthoracic echocardiography guidance. The patient was successfully weaned from VA ECMO. Percutaneous TACV is an effective, relatively noninvasive, and rapid method of LV decompression in patients undergoing VA ECMO. PMID:26078930

  16. Failure and Success of Percutaneous Angioplasty in a Hypertensive Child with Bilateral Renal Artery Stenosis

    SciTech Connect

    Giavroglou, Constantinos; Tsifountoudis, Ioannis; Boutzetis, Theodoros; Kiskinis, Dimitrios

    2009-01-15

    We describe the clinical course of a 5-year-old girl with severe arterial hypertension that was uncontrollable with antihypertensive medication. Renal angiography revealed bilateral renal artery stenoses. Because percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) failed to dilate the stenotic lesions, a renal artery bypass grafting in both renal arteries was performed. The patient remained normotensive for 7 months, and after that the arterial pressure increased again. Digital subtraction angiography demonstrated stenosis at the peripheral and central anastomosis of the vein graft that was used for revascularization of the left kidney. PTRA was decided on and successful patency was achieved. The patient has now been normotensive for a period of 5 years.

  17. Primary Succession on a Hawaiian Dryland Chronosequence.

    PubMed

    Kinney, Kealohanuiopuna M; Asner, Gregory P; Cordell, Susan; Chadwick, Oliver A; Heckman, Katherine; Hotchkiss, Sara; Jeraj, Marjeta; Kennedy-Bowdoin, Ty; Knapp, David E; Questad, Erin J; Thaxton, Jarrod M; Trusdell, Frank; Kellner, James R

    2015-01-01

    We used measurements from airborne imaging spectroscopy and LiDAR to quantify the biophysical structure and composition of vegetation on a dryland substrate age gradient in Hawaii. Both vertical stature and species composition changed during primary succession, and reveal a progressive increase in vertical stature on younger substrates followed by a collapse on Pleistocene-aged flows. Tall-stature Metrosideros polymorpha woodlands dominated on the youngest substrates (hundreds of years), and were replaced by the tall-stature endemic tree species Myoporum sandwicense and Sophora chrysophylla on intermediate-aged flows (thousands of years). The oldest substrates (tens of thousands of years) were dominated by the short-stature native shrub Dodonaea viscosa and endemic grass Eragrostis atropioides. We excavated 18 macroscopic charcoal fragments from Pleistocene-aged substrates. Mean radiocarbon age was 2,002 years and ranged from < 200 to 7,730. Genus identities from four fragments indicate that Osteomeles spp. or M. polymorpha once occupied the Pleistocene-aged substrates, but neither of these species is found there today. These findings indicate the existence of fires before humans are known to have occupied the Hawaiian archipelago, and demonstrate that a collapse in vertical stature is prevalent on the oldest substrates. This work contributes to our understanding of prehistoric fires in shaping the trajectory of primary succession in Hawaiian drylands. PMID:26066334

  18. Primary Succession on a Hawaiian Dryland Chronosequence

    PubMed Central

    Kinney, Kealohanuiopuna M.; Asner, Gregory P.; Cordell, Susan; Chadwick, Oliver A.; Heckman, Katherine; Hotchkiss, Sara; Jeraj, Marjeta; Kennedy-Bowdoin, Ty; Knapp, David E.; Questad, Erin J.; Thaxton, Jarrod M.; Trusdell, Frank; Kellner, James R.

    2015-01-01

    We used measurements from airborne imaging spectroscopy and LiDAR to quantify the biophysical structure and composition of vegetation on a dryland substrate age gradient in Hawaii. Both vertical stature and species composition changed during primary succession, and reveal a progressive increase in vertical stature on younger substrates followed by a collapse on Pleistocene-aged flows. Tall-stature Metrosideros polymorpha woodlands dominated on the youngest substrates (hundreds of years), and were replaced by the tall-stature endemic tree species Myoporum sandwicense and Sophora chrysophylla on intermediate-aged flows (thousands of years). The oldest substrates (tens of thousands of years) were dominated by the short-stature native shrub Dodonaea viscosa and endemic grass Eragrostis atropioides. We excavated 18 macroscopic charcoal fragments from Pleistocene-aged substrates. Mean radiocarbon age was 2,002 years and ranged from < 200 to 7,730. Genus identities from four fragments indicate that Osteomeles spp. or M. polymorpha once occupied the Pleistocene-aged substrates, but neither of these species is found there today. These findings indicate the existence of fires before humans are known to have occupied the Hawaiian archipelago, and demonstrate that a collapse in vertical stature is prevalent on the oldest substrates. This work contributes to our understanding of prehistoric fires in shaping the trajectory of primary succession in Hawaiian drylands. PMID:26066334

  19. Cytological Sampling Versus Forceps Biopsy During Percutaneous Transhepatic Biliary Drainage and Analysis of Factors Predicting Success

    SciTech Connect

    Tapping, C. R.; Byass, O. R.; Cast, J. E. I.

    2012-08-15

    Purpose: To assess the accuracy of cytological sampling and forceps biopsy in obstructing biliary lesions and to identify factors predictive of success. Methods: Consecutive patients (n = 119) with suspected malignant inoperable obstructive jaundice treated with percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage during 7 years were included (60 male; mean age 72.5 years). All patients underwent forceps biopsy plus cytological sampling by washing the forceps device in cytological solution. Patient history, procedural and pathological records, and clinical follow-up were reviewed. Statistical analysis included chi-square test and multivariate regression analysis. Results: Histological diagnosis after forceps biopsy was more successful than cytology: Sensitivity was 78 versus 61%, and negative predictive value was 30 versus 19%. Cytology results were never positive when the forceps biopsy was negative. The cytological sample was negative and forceps sample positive in 2 cases of cholangiocarcinoma, 16 cases of pancreatic carcinoma, and 1 case of benign disease. Diagnostic accuracy was predicted by low bilirubin (p < 0.001), aspartate transaminase (p < 0.05), and white cell count (p {<=} 0.05). Conclusions: This technique is safe and effective and is recommended for histological diagnosis during PTBD in patients with inoperable malignant biliary strictures. Diagnostic yield is greater when bilirubin levels are low and there is no sepsis; histological diagnosis by way of forceps biopsy renders cytological sampling unnecessary.

  20. Targeting reperfusion injury in the era of primary percutaneous coronary intervention: hope or hype?

    PubMed

    Lønborg, Jacob Thomsen

    2015-10-01

    Introduction of reperfusion therapy by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has resulted in improved outcomes for patients presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Despite the obvious advantages of primary PCI, acute restoration of blood flow paradoxically also jeopardises the myocardium in the first minutes of reperfusion-a phenomenon known as reperfusion injury. Prevention of reperfusion injury may help to improve outcome following primary PCI. This review focuses on the clinical evidence of potential therapeutic cardioprotective methods as adjuvant to primary PCI. Despite overall disappointing, there exists some promising strategies, including ischaemic postconditioning, remote ischaemic conditioning, pharmacological conditioning with focus on adenosine, cyclosporine A, glucose-insulin-potassium, exenatide, atrial natriuretic peptide and metoprolol and cooling. But hitherto no large randomised study has demonstrated any effect on outcome, and ongoing studies that address this issue are underway. Moreover, this review will discuss important clinical predictors associated with reperfusion injury during primary PCI that may interfere with a potential protective effect (pre-PCI thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow, preinfarction angina, collateral flow, duration of ischaemia and hyperglycaemia). This paper will also provide a short overview of the technical issues related to surrogate endpoints in phase II trials. Based upon these discussions, the paper will provide factors that should be taken into account when designing future clinical studies. PMID:26130664

  1. Successful conservative management of a colorenal fistula complicating percutaneous cryoablation of renal tumors: a case report

    E-print Network

    Morgan, Amir I. S.; Doble, Andrew; Davies, R. Justin

    2012-10-26

    Abstract Introduction Colorenal fistula is a rare phenomenon and may complicate percutaneous cryoablation of renal cell carcinoma. Treatment remains controversial. Case presentation A 62-year-old Caucasian man presented with pneumaturia and left...

  2. Regional systems-of-care for primary percutaneous coronary intervention in ST-elevation myocardial infarction.

    PubMed

    Sørensen, Jacob Thorsted; Mæng, Michael

    2015-12-01

    ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a critical, time-dependent condition requiring immediate reperfusion of the coronary arteries to minimize mortality and morbidity. The preferred method of revascularization is a primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) if this can be performed in a timely manner. This requires an effective and well-organized setup from symptom onset to revascularization. Such regional networks for the diagnosis and treatment of STEMI patients have been proven to be very effective in achieving the treatment goals stipulated by the international guidelines. Several trials have provided evidence that prehospital ECG recording and early diagnosis combined with direct referral to a primary PCI center reduces treatment delay considerably. In-hospital awareness with early notification of the PCI operator and technicians and admission directly to the catheterization laboratory also reduces time to treatment. There is solid evidence that the reduction in treatment delay achieved by dedicated STEMI networks is associated with a lower mortality and morbidity. Regional STEMI networks are now implemented in many countries with highly varying geographical challenges and healthcare systems, allowing patients everywhere to receive optimal treatment with primary PCI. PMID:26230884

  3. Risk of Chronic Oral Anticoagulation Therapy in Patients Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction - Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study

    E-print Network

    Vanga, Subba Reddy

    2013-12-31

    : Retrospective, cross-sectional study. Setting: All patients who presented to Christiana Care Health System, Newark, DE with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction with intent of primary percutaneous angioplasty between January 2009 and December 2010. Outcome...

  4. Thrombus aspiration during primary percutaneous coronary intervention associated with reduced platelet activation

    PubMed Central

    Sahin, Muslum; Acar, Goksel; Kalkan, Mehmet E.; Acar, Rezzan D.; Kilicgedik, Alev; Teymen, Burak; Arslantas, Ugur; Kirma, Cevat

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: To determine the effect of thrombectomy on platelet function in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: This retrospective study included 413 consecutive STEMI patients who underwent PPCI between March 2012 and September 2013 at Kartal Kosuyolu High Specialty Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey that were assigned to the thrombus aspiration (TA) group or the non-TA group. Platelet count and mean platelet volume (MPV) were obtained at baseline and 24 hours (h), 48 h, and 72 h post PPCI. Results: Baseline MPV was similar in both groups, whereas the baseline platelet count was higher in the TA group (p=0.42 and p=0.002). The platelet count was higher in the TA group 24 h post PPCI (p=0.02), but was similar in both groups 48 h and 72 h post PPCI (p=0.18 and p=0.07). The MPV 48 h and 72 h post PPCI was higher in the non-TA group than in the TA group (8.4 ± 1.3 fL versus 8.7 ± 1.6 fL [p=0.04] and 8.5 ± 1.1 fL versus 8.9 ± 1.5 fL [p=0.04]). Conclusion: Thrombectomy reduced platelet activity via removal of thrombi from the coronary arteries in patients undergoing PPCI for STEMI. PMID:26219443

  5. Prognosis of primary percutaneous coronary intervention in elderly patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction

    PubMed Central

    Alkhushail, Abdullah; Kohli, Sanjay; Mitchel, Andrew; Smith, Robert; Ilsely, Charles

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the prognosis of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) and medical therapy (MT) in elderly patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods A total of 238 STEMI patients aged above 80 and treated with PPCI (n = 186) and MT (n = 52) at Harefield Hospital, London were included in this study. Patients who did not have true STEMI based on non-diagnostic electrocardiogram (ECG) for STEMI and negative troponin, who presented with left bundle branch block (LBBB) and had normal coronaries were excluded from this study. Primary PCI was defined as any use of a guidewire for more than diagnostic purposes in patients with STEMI, whereas conventional MT was defined as treatment of patients with anti-platelets and anti-thrombotic medications without thrombolysis. Results The survival rate of PPCI patients was 86% (n = 160) at month 1 followed by 83.9% (n = 156) at month 6, and 81.2% (n = 151) at month 12. The survival rate of MT patients was 44.2% (n = 23) at month 1 followed by 36.5% (n = 19) at month 6, and 34.6% (n = 18) at month 12. Compared to MT, significantly fewer comorbidities were found in the PPCI group. Ventricular fibrillation (VF) (4.8%) and consequent admission to intensive care unit (7%) were the major complications of the PPCI group. Conclusion PPCI has a higher survival rate and, compared to MT, fewer comorbidities were observed in the PPCI group of elderly patients presenting with STEMI. PMID:25870501

  6. Successful percutaneous epicardial ablation of an accessory pathway located at the right atrial appendage.

    PubMed

    Köse, Sedat; Ba?ar?c?, Ibrahim; Kabul, Kutsi Hasan; Barç?n, Cem

    2011-10-01

    In patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, difficulty in ablation of accessory pathways is associated with failures and recurrences. Epicardially located accessory pathways may require different management strategies when conventional ablation attempts fail. In particular, an epicardial accessory pathway communicating the right atrial appendage to the right ventricle is an extraordinary situation resulting in difficulties in ablation. Hereby, we report on a challenging case of percutaneous epicardial ablation of an epicardial accessory pathway located at right atrial appendage in a 28-year-old man with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, who had a prior history of unsuccessful endocardial ablation. Percutaneous epicardial ablation may be a viable option obviating the necessity of surgical ablation procedures for difficult ablation cases with epicardial accessory pathways. PMID:21983769

  7. Early detection of restenosis after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty by exercise-redistribution thallium scintigraphy

    SciTech Connect

    Wijns, W.; Serruys, P.W.; Reiber, J.H.; de Feyter, P.J.; van den Brand, M.; Simoons, M.L.; Hugenholtz, P.G.

    1985-02-01

    The value of exercise testing and thallium scintigraphy in predicting recurrence of angina pectoris and restenosis after a primary successful transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) was prospectively evaluated. In 89 patients, a symptom-limited exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) and thallium scintigraphy were performed 4 weeks after they had undergone successful PTCA. Thereafter, the patients were followed for 6.4 +/- 2.5 months (mean +/- standard deviation) or until recurrence of angina. They all underwent a repeat coronary angiography at 6 months or earlier if symptoms recurred. PTCA was considered successful if the patients had no symptoms and if the stenosis was reduced to less than 50% of the luminal diameter. Restenosis was defined as an increase of the stenosis to more than 50% luminal diameter. The ability of the thallium scintigram (presence of a reversible defect) to predict recurrence of angina was 66%, vs 38% for the exercise ECG (ST-segment depression or angina at peak workload). Restenosis was predicted in 74% of patients by thallium scintigraphy, but only in 50% of patients by the exercise ECG. Thus, thallium scintigraphy was highly predictive but the exercise ECG was not (p less than 0.005). These results suggest that restenosis had occurred to some extent already at 4 weeks after the PTCA in most patients in whom it was going to occur.

  8. Efficacy of Adenosine in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Gao, Qijun; Yang, Bo; Guo, Yi; Zheng, Feng

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Whether adenosine offers cardioprotective effects when used as an adjunctive therapy for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains controversial. To evaluate, via meta-analysis, the efficacy of adenosine in patients with AMI undergoing PCI. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. RCTs of patients with AMI undergoing primary PCI, comparing adenosine treatment and placebo groups and reporting mortality, thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade, myocardial blush grade (MBG), re-infarction, left-ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), ST-segment elevation resolution (STR), recurrent angina, or heart failure (HF). Risk of bias was assessed by the Cochrane guidelines and publication bias by Egger's test. For studies reported in multiple publications, the most complete publication was used. Arms using different dosing schedules were merged. Mean differences (MDs) or risk ratios (RRs) were determined. Data were extracted from 15 RCTs involving 1736 patients. Compared with placebo, adenosine therapy was associated with fewer occurrences of heart failure (RR: 0.65, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.43-0.97, P?=?0.03) and no-reflow (TIMI flow grade <3, RR: 0.62, 95% CI: 0.45-0.85, P?=?0.003; MBG?=?0-1, RR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.67-0.98, P?=?0.03), more occurrences of STR (RR: 1.19, 95% CI: 1.07-1.31, P?

  9. A stoichiometric model of early plant primary succession.

    PubMed

    Marleau, Justin N; Jin, Yu; Bishop, John G; Fagan, William F; Lewis, Mark A

    2011-02-01

    The relative importance of plant facilitation and competition during primary succession depends on the development of ecosystem nutrient pools, yet the interaction of these processes remains poorly understood. To explore how these mechanisms interact to drive successional dynamics, we devised a stoichiometric ecosystem-level model that considers the role of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation in plant primary succession. We applied this model to the primary plant community on Mount St. Helens, Washington State, to check the validity of the proposed mechanisms. Our results show that the plant community is colimited by nitrogen and phosphorus, and they confirm previous suggestions that the presence of a nitrogen-fixing legume, Lupinus lepidus, can enhance community biomass. In addition, the observed nutrient supply rates may promote alternative successional trajectories that depend on the initial plant abundances, which may explain the observed heterogeneity in community development. The model further indicates the importance of mineralization rates and other ecosystem parameters to successional rates. We conclude that a model framework based on ecological stoichiometry allows integration of key biotic processes that interact nonlinearly with biogeochemical aspects of succession. Extension of this approach will improve the understanding of the process of primary succession and its application to ecosystem rehabilitation. PMID:21460559

  10. Needle Track Seeding of Primary and Secondary Liver Carcinoma After Percutaneous Liver Biopsy

    PubMed Central

    Garden, O. James

    1993-01-01

    Seeding of tumour in the needle track following percutaneous needle biopsy of liver neoplasms is rarely reported. We describe two such cases following the needle biopsy of an hepatocellular carcinoma and secondary colorectal carcinoma respectively. The risk of needle track recurrence of liver tumours should not be regarded as insignificant. The diagnosis of liver neoplasms may be achieved by non-invasive modalities, and their needle biopsy should be reserved for cases not amenable to surgical resection. PMID:8387809

  11. Association of mean platelet volume with impaired myocardial reperfusion and short-term mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Lai, Hong-Mei; Chen, Qing-Jie; Yang, Yi-Ning; Ma, Yi-Tong; Li, Xiao-Mei; Xu, Rui; Zhai, Hui; Liu, Fen; Chen, Bang-Dang; Zhao, Qian

    2016-01-01

    Impaired myocardial reperfusion, defined angiographically by myocardial blush grade (MBG) 0 or 1, is associated with adverse clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of admission mean platelet volume (MPV) on the myocardial reperfusion and 30-day all-cause mortality in patients with STEMI with successful epicardial reperfusion after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A total of 453 patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI within 12?h of symptoms onset and achieved thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) 3 flow at infarct-related artery after PCI were enrolled and divided into two groups based on postinterventional MBG: those with MBG 2/3 and those with MBG 0/1. Admission MPV was measured before coronary angiography. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality at 30 days. MPV was significantly higher in patients with MBG 0/1 than in patients with MBG 2/3 (10.38?±?0.98 vs. 9.59?±?0.73, P?successful epicardial reperfusion after primary PCI. Admission MPV may be additive to conventional risk factors in patients with STEMI undergoing PCI. PMID:26258675

  12. Study of the possible medical and medication explanatory factors of angiographic outcomes in patients with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous intervention

    PubMed Central

    Eshraghi, Azadeh; Talasaz, Azita Hajhossein; Salamzadeh, Jamshid; Bahremand, Mostafa; Salarifar, Mojtaba; Nozari, Yones; Jenab, Yaser; Boroumand, Mohammad Ali; Vaseghi, Golnaz; Eshraghi, Nazanin

    2014-01-01

    Background: Myocardial blush grade (MBG), thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) and corrected TIMI frame count (cTFC) are indices of successful angiographic reperfusion. This study sought to determine the predictors of angiographically successful reperfusion including demographic, clinical and angiographic factors in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study of patients with a confirmed diagnosis of STEMI undergoing pPCI was designed. Eligible patients referring to a university heart center were enrolled in the study from March 2012 to December 2012. Successful epicardial reperfusion was defned as TIMI flow grade 3 or cTFC<= 28 frames and successful myocardial reperfusion as MBG 2 or 3. Results: The study population consisted of 100 patients, including 74 males and 26 females, with mean ± standard deviation age of 58.27 ± 11.60 years. Achieving open microvasculature (MBG 2/3) was positively associated with a history of nitrate intake (P = 0.03) and history of calcium channel blocker (CCB) intake (P = 0.005). Hyperglycemia was inversely associated with achieving a final cTFC ? 28 frames (r = ?0.32, P = 0.001). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that patients with a history of nitrate and CCB intake had a higher likelihood of successful PCI. In addition, patients with a higher blood glucose level on admission may have a reduced rate of reperfusion success. Future studies with a larger sample size are recommended to investigate the significant relationships observed in this study. PMID:25250300

  13. Reducing Door to- Balloon- Time for Acute ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction In Primary Percutaneous Intervention: Transformation using Robust Performance Improvement

    PubMed Central

    Ellahham, MD, Samer; Aljabbari, Samir; Harold Mananghaya, Tristan; J. Raji, Salama; Al Zubaidi, Abdulmajeed

    2015-01-01

    Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading causes of death in the UAE. Prompt reperfusion access is essential for patients who have Myocardial Infarction (MI) with ST-segment elevation as they are at a relatively high risk of death.This risk may be reduced by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), but only if it is performed in a timely manner. Guidelines recommend that the interval between arrival at the hospital and intracoronary balloon inflation (door-to-balloon (D2B) time) during primary PCI should be 90 minutes or less. The earlier therapy is initiated, the better the outcome. Our aim was to decrease the door-to-balloon time for patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who come through the emergency department (ED) in Sheikh Khalifa Medical City,a tertiary hospital in UAE, to meet the standard of less than 90 minutes. A multidisciplinary team was formed including interventional cardiologists, catheterization laboratory personnel, emergency department caregivers and quality staff. The project utilized the Lean Six Sigma Methodology which provided a powerful approach to quality improvement. The process minimized waste and variation, and a decreased median door-to-balloon time from 75.9 minutes to 60.1 minutes was noted. The percentage of patients who underwent PCI within 90 minutes increased from 73% to 96%. In conclusion, implementing the Lean Six Sigma methodology resulted in having processes that are leaner, more efficient and minimally variable. While recent publication failed to provide evidence of better outcome, the lessons learned were extrapolated to other primary percutaneous coronary intervention centers in our system.This would have marked impact on patient safety, quality of care and patient experience.

  14. Temporal trends and in-hospital outcomes of primary percutaneous coronary intervention in nonagenarians with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Joon Young; Jeong, Myung Ho; Choi, Yong Woo; Ahn, Yong Keun; Chae, Shung Chull; Hur, Seung Ho; Hong, Taek Jong; Kim, Young Jo; Seong, In Whan; Chae, In Ho; Cho, Myeong Chan; Yoon, Jung Han; Seung, Ki Bae

    2015-01-01

    Background/Aims: Data regarding the outcomes of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in nonagenarians are very limited. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the temporal trends and in-hospital outcomes of primary PCI in nonagenarian STEMI patients. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed data from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry (KAMIR) from November 2005 to January 2008, and from the Korea Working Group on Myocardial Infarction (KorMI) from February 2008 to May 2010. Results: During this period, the proportion of nonagenarians among STEMI patients more than doubled (0.59% in KAMIR vs. 1.35% in KorMI), and the rate of use of primary PCI also increased (from 62.5% in KAMIR to 81.0% in KorMI). We identified 84 eligible study patients for which the overall in-hospital mortality rate was 21.4% (25.0% in KAMIR vs. 20.3% in KorMI, p = 0.919). Multivariate analysis identified two independent predictors of in-hospital mortality, namely a final Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow < 3 (odds ratio [OR], 13.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.2 to 59.0; p < 0.001) and cardiogenic shock during hospitalization (OR, 6.7; 95% CI, 1.5 to 30.3; p = 0.013). Conclusions: The number of nonagenarian STEMI patients who have undergone primary PCI has increased. Although a final TIMI flow < 3 and cardiogenic shock are independent predictors of in-hospital mortality, primary PCI can be performed with a high success rate and an acceptable in-hospital mortality rate. PMID:26552457

  15. Leading quality improvement in primary care: recommendations for success.

    PubMed

    Van Hoof, Thomas J; Bisognano, Maureen; Reinertsen, James L; Meehan, Thomas P

    2012-09-01

    Leadership is increasingly recognized as a potential factor in the success of primary care quality improvement efforts, yet little is definitively known about which specific leadership behaviors are most important. Until more research is available, the authors suggest that primary care clinicians who are committed to developing their leadership skills should commit to a series of actions. These actions include embracing a theory of leadership, modeling the approach for others, focusing on the goal of improving patient outcomes, encouraging teamwork, utilizing available sources of power, and reflecting on one's approach in order to improve it. Primary care clinicians who commit themselves to such actions will be more effective leaders and will be more prepared as new research becomes available on this important factor. PMID:22800874

  16. The Factors Associated With the Successful Outcomes of Percutaneous Disc Decompression in Patients With Lumbar Herniated Nucleus Pulposus

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Sang Heon; Kim, Nack Hwan; Park, Hyeun Jun; Yoo, Hyun-Joon; Jo, Soo Yung

    2015-01-01

    Objective To determine clinical and radiological factors that predict the successful outcome of percutaneous disc decompression (PDD) in patients with lumbar herniated nucleus pulposus (HNP). Methods We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and radiological features of patients who underwent lumbar PDD from April 2009 to March 2013. Sixty-nine patients with lumbar HNP were studied. Clinical outcome was assessed by the visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to assess relationship among clinical and radiological factors and the successful outcome of the PDD. Results The VAS and the ODI decreased significantly at 1 year follow-up (p<0.01). One year after PDD, the reduction of the VAS (?VAS) was significantly greater in the patients with pain for <6 months (p=0.03) and subarticular HNP (p=0.015). The reduction of the ODI (?ODI) was significantly greater in the patients with high intensity zone (p=0.04). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed the following 5 factors that were associated with the successful outcome after PDD: pain duration for <6 months (odds ratio [OR]=14.036; p=0.006), positive straight leg raising test (OR=8.425, p=0.014), the extruded HNP (OR=0.106, p=0.04), the sequestrated HNP (OR=0.037, p=0.026), and the subarticular HNP (OR=10.876, p=0.012). Conclusion PDD provided significant improvement of pain and disability of patients. The results of the analysis indicated that the duration of pain <6 months, positive straight leg raising test, the subarticular HNP, and the protruded HNP were predicting factors associated with the successful response of PDD in patients with lumbar HNP. PMID:26605171

  17. Complications of percutaneous radiofrequency thermal ablation of primary and secondary lesions of the liver.

    PubMed

    Poggi, Guido; Riccardi, Alberto; Quaretti, Pietro; Teragni, Cristina; Delmonte, Angelo; Amatu, Alessio; Saini, Gaia; Mazzucco, Mauro; Bernardo, Antonio; Palumbo, Raffaella; Canto, Andrea; Bernieri, Simone; Bernardo, Giovanni

    2007-01-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the most common malignancies in the world, with the liver being the second most frequently involved organ in metastatic disease. Although the gold standard treatment for malignant liver disease is surgical resection, only few patients can undergo such an intervention. This explains the current great interest in various loco-regional therapies, of which radiofrequency thermal ablation (RFA) is the most common. To date, only a few studies have evaluated the complications associated with this treatment. The aim of this study was to determine the rate of complications, divided into major and minor, in patients treated with RFA. A total of 373 hepatic lesions in 250 patients were treated with 292 sessions of percutaneous ultrasound-guided RFA. According to our data, ten patients (4%) had major, complications, twelve patients (4.8%) had minor complications, no deaths occurred. Around 30% of patients had a body temperature increase of up to 38 'C. All complications, except one, were treated with nonsurgical therapies. One patient with massive hemoperitoneum required surgery. In conclusion, percutaneous RFA is a loco-regional therapy associated with a low incidence of side-effects and a negligible risk of death. PMID:17695470

  18. Thrombus aspiration during primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute myocardial infarction: A review of clinical evidence and guidelines

    PubMed Central

    Mahmood, Muhammad Muzaffar; Watt, Jonathan; Ahmed, Javed M

    2015-01-01

    Acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is characterized by complete thrombotic occlusion of a major coronary artery. Early recanalization of the infarct-related artery is most efficiently delivered by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI), however this does not always restore normal myocardial perfusion, mainly due to distal embolization of the thrombus and microvascular obstruction. Early evidence for manual thrombus aspiration during PPCI was promising and this was once considered an important aspect of the procedure, especially in patients with a high thrombus burden. However, a large body of evidence from recent major randomized controlled trials (notably TASTE and TOTAL) does not support the routine use of manual thrombus aspiration in patients with STEMI undergoing PPCI.

  19. Percutaneous Nephroscopic Surgery

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    With the development of techniques for percutaneous access and equipment to disintegrate calculi, percutaneous nephroscopic surgery is currently used by many urologists and is the procedure of choice for the removal of large renal calculi and the management of diverticula, intrarenal strictures, and urothelial cancer. Although it is more invasive than shock wave lithotripsy and retrograde ureteroscopic surgery, percutaneous nephroscopic surgery has been successfully performed with high efficiency and low morbidity in difficult renal anatomies and patient conditions. These advantages of minimal invasiveness were rapidly perceived and applied to the management of ureteropelvic junction obstruction, calyceal diverticulum, infundibular stenosis, and urothelial cancer. The basic principle of endopyelotomy is a full-thickness incision of the narrow segment followed by prolonged stenting and drainage to allow regeneration of an adequate caliber ureter. The preferred technique for a calyceal diverticulum continues to be debated. Excellent long-term success has been reported with percutaneous, ureteroscopic, and laparoscopic techniques. Each approach is based on the location and size of the diverticulum. So far, percutaneous ablation of the calyceal diverticulum is the most established minimally invasive technique. Infundibular stenosis is an acquired condition usually associated with inflammation or stones. Reported series of percutaneously treated infundibular stenosis are few. In contrast with a calyceal diverticulum, infundibular stenosis is a more difficult entity to treat with only a 50-76% success rate by percutaneous techniques. Currently, percutaneous nephroscopic resection of transitional cell carcinoma in the renal calyx can be applied in indicated cases. PMID:20495691

  20. Age- and Gender-related Disparities in Primary Percutaneous Coronary Interventions for Acute ST-segment elevation Myocardial Infarction

    PubMed Central

    Tal, Kali; Erne, Paul; Radovanovic, Dragana; Windecker, Stephan; Jüni, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Background Previous analyses reported age- and gender-related differences in the provision of cardiac care. The objective of the study was to compare circadian disparities in the delivery of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) according to the patient’s age and gender. Methods We investigated patients included into the Acute Myocardial Infarction in Switzerland (AMIS) registry presenting to one of 11 centers in Switzerland providing primary PCI around the clock, and stratified patients according to gender and age. Findings A total of 4723 patients presented with AMI between 2005 and 2010; 1319 (28%) were women and 2172 (54%) were ?65 years of age. More than 90% of patients <65 years of age underwent primary PCI without differences between gender. Elderly patients and particularly women were at increased risk of being withheld primary PCI (males adj. HR 4.91, 95% CI 3.93–6.13; females adj. HR 9.31, 95% CI 7.37–11.75) as compared to males <65 years of age. An increased risk of a delay in door-to-balloon time >90 minutes was found in elderly males (adj HR 1.66 (95% CI 1.40–1.95), p<0.001) and females (adj HR 1.57 (95% CI 1.27–1.93), p<0.001), as well as in females <65 years (adj HR 1.47 (95% CI 1.13–1.91), p = 0.004) as compared to males <65 years of age, with significant differences in circadian patterns during on- and off-duty hours. Conclusions In a cohort of patients with AMI in Switzerland, we observed discrimination of elderly patients and females in the circadian provision of primary PCI. PMID:26352574

  1. Leaking false aneurysm of right coronary saphenous vein graft: successful treatment by percutaneous coil embolisation

    PubMed Central

    Dimitri, W R; Reid, A W; Dunn, F G

    1992-01-01

    An unusual complication after aortocoronary bypass grafting (CABG) is described in which a false aneurysm of the saphenous vein graft to the right coronary artery (RCA) developed and caused profuse intermittent bleeding through the sternotomy wound. The aetiology of this condition is uncertain but it could occur whenever a suture line is present especially in the presence of infection. The diagnosis was made non-invasively by a contrast enhanced computed tomogram and was subsequently confirmed by selective coronary bypass angiography. The pseudoaneurysm was successfully obliterated by coil embolisation of the right coronary graft, which stopped the bleeding immediately and was followed by rapid wound healing. PMID:1467059

  2. Population dynamics along a primary succession gradient: do alpine species fit into demographic succession theory?

    PubMed Central

    Marcante, Silvia; Winkler, Eckart; Erschbamer, Brigitta

    2009-01-01

    Background and Aims Understanding processes and mechanisms governing changes in plant species along primary successions has been of major importance in ecology. However, to date hardly any studies have focused on the complete life cycle of species along a successional gradient, comparing pioneer, early and late-successional species. In this study it is hypothesized that pioneer species should initially have a population growth rate, ?, greater than one with high fecundity rates, and declining growth rates when they are replaced by late-successional species. Populations of late-successional species should also start, at the mid-successional stage (when pioneer species are declining), with growth rates greater than one and arrive at rates equal to one at the late successional stage, mainly due to higher survival rates that allow these species to persist for a long time. Methods The demography of pioneer- (Saxifraga aizoides), early (Artemisia genipi) and late-successional species (Anthyllis vulneraria ssp. alpicola) was investigated together with that of a ubiquitous species (Poa alpina) along the Rotmoos glacier foreland (2300–2400 m a.s.l., Central Alps, Austria) over 3 years. A matrix modelling approach was used to compare the main demographic parameters. Elasticity values were plotted in a demographic triangle using fecundity, individual growth and survival as vital rates contributing to the population growth rates. Key Results The results largely confirmed the predictions for population growth rates during succession. However, high survival rates of larger adults characterized all species, regardless of where they were growing along the succession. At the pioneer site, high mortality rates of seedlings, plantlets and young individuals were recorded. Fecundity was found to be of minor relevance everywhere, but it was nevertheless sufficient to increase or maintain the population sizes. Conclusions Demographically, all the species over all sites behaved like late-successional or climax species in secondary successions, mainly relying on survival of adult individuals. Survival serves as a buffer against temporal variation right from the beginning of the primary succession, indicating a major difference between primary and secondary succession. PMID:19273477

  3. -Primary succession on Mount St. Helens -223 Journal of Vegetation Science 4: 223-234, 1993

    E-print Network

    del Moral, Roger

    - Primary succession on Mount St. Helens - 223 Journal of Vegetation Science 4: 223-234, 1993 © IAVS; Opulus Press Uppsala. Printed in Sweden Early primary succession on the volcano Mount St. Helens the development of species Abstract. Primary succession on Mount St. Helens, Washing- ton State, USA, was studied

  4. Primary succession in Mount Pinatubo: Habitat availability and ordination analysis.

    PubMed

    Marler, Thomas E; Del Moral, Roger

    2013-11-01

    Vegetation structure on the east flank of Mount Pinatubo was investigated to determine the inventory of species at 15 y post-eruption, then to ascertain environmental variables that have influenced the early patterns of primary succession. Unconstrained and constrained ordination methods were used to determine the influence of spatial, elevation, and substrate patterns on vegetation. Vegetation was assigned to one of 3 habitat types. Scours were eroded flat surfaces, terraces were perched flat surfaces, and talus piles were created along the canyon edges as mass waste events. The influence of habitat type on vegetation was multifaceted because they represent different conditions and different histories. The talus piles have preferential access to colonists from the vegetation on the canyon walls above and a more benign microclimate than the exposed terrace and scour sites. Scoured sites on the valley floor exhibited the least vegetation cover, as these substrates had the least mature surfaces and the most restricted capacity for root exploration. Perched terraces exhibited greater plant dominance than did the other habitats in the early stages of succession because of the ubiquitous appearance of Parasponia rugosa as initial colonists on these relatively flat surfaces. Polynomial canonical correspondence analysis was more closely aligned with the pattern of vegetation than linear canonical correspondence analysis, and therefore more closely approximated accurate descriptions of correlations among site ordination positions and measured variables. These results confirm that a variety of statistical approaches can clarify applications for restoration ecology following landslide and volcanic disturbances or agriculture and forestry anthropogenic disturbances in the lowland tropics. PMID:24505499

  5. Common Iliac Artery Thrombosis following Pelvic Surgery Resulting in Kidney Allograft Failure Successfully Treated by Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty with Balloon-Expandable Covered Stent

    PubMed Central

    Golla, Maheswara S.; Acharjee, Subasit; Jaber, Bertrand L.; Garcia, Lawrence A.

    2015-01-01

    We report the case of a 66-year-old woman who developed acute kidney allograft failure due to thrombotic occlusion of the common iliac artery after hysterectomy requiring emergent allograft rescue. She underwent percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with endovascular balloon expandable covered stent graft placement in the right common iliac artery. Although there are a handful of case reports of acute limb ischemia secondary to acute common iliac artery thrombosis, this is the first case reported in the literature resulting in successful kidney allograft rescue following pelvic surgery. PMID:26355669

  6. Successful Percutaneous Retrieval of an Inferior Vena Cava Filter Migrating to the Right Ventricle in a Bariatric Patient

    SciTech Connect

    Veerapong, Jula; Wahlgren, Carl Magnus; Jolly, Neeraj; Bassiouny, Hisham

    2008-07-15

    The use of an inferior vena cava filter has an important role in the management of patients who are at high risk for development of pulmonary embolism. Migration is a rare but known complication of inferior vena cava filter placement. We herein describe a case of a prophylactic retrievable vena cava filter migrating to the right ventricle in a bariatric patient. The filter was retrieved percutaneously by transjugular approach and the patient did well postoperatively. A review of the current literature is given.

  7. Embolization of Bleeding Stomal Varices by Direct Percutaneous Approach

    SciTech Connect

    Arulraj, Ramakrishnan; Mangat, Kamarjit S.; Tripathi, Dhiraj

    2011-02-15

    Stomal varices can occur in patients with stoma in the presence of portal hypertension. Suture ligation, sclerotherapy, angiographic embolization, stoma revision, beta blockade, portosystemic shunt, and liver transplantation have been described as therapeutic options for bleeding stomal varices. We report the case of a 21-year-old patient with primary sclerosing cholangitis and colectomy with ileostomy for ulcerative colitis, where stomal variceal bleeding was successfully treated by direct percutaneous embolization. We consider percutaneous embolization to be an effective way of treating acute stomal bleeding in decompensated patients while awaiting decisions regarding shunt procedures or liver transplantation.

  8. Direct Primary or Secondary Percutaneous Ureteral Stenting: What Is the Most Compliant Option in Patients with Malignant Ureteral Obstructions?

    SciTech Connect

    Carrafiello, Gianpaolo Lagana, Domenico; Lumia, Domenico; Giorgianni, Andrea; Mangini, Monica; Santoro, Domenico; Cuffari, Salvatore; Marconi, Alberto; Novario, Raffaele; Fugazzola, Carlo

    2007-09-15

    The objective of this study was to analyze three ureteral stenting techniques in patients with malignant ureteral obstructions, considering the indications, techniques, procedural costs, and complications. In the period between June 2003 and June 2006, 45 patients with bilateral malignant ureteral obstructions were evaluated (24 males, 21 females; average age, 68.3; range, 42-87). All of the patients were treated with ureteral stenting: 30 (mild strictures) with direct stenting (insertion of the stent without predilation), 30 (moderate/severe strictures) with primary stenting (insertion of the stent after predilation in a one-stage procedure), and 30 (mild/moderate/severe strictures with infection) with secondary stenting (insertion of the stent after predilation and 2-3 days after nephrostomy). The incidence of complications and procedural costs were compared by a statistical analysis. The primary technical success rate was 98.89%. We did not observe any major complications. The minor complication rate was 11.1%. The incidence of complications for the various techniques was not statistically significantly. The statistical analysis of costs demonstrated that the average cost of secondary stenting ( Euro 637; SD, Euro 115) was significantly higher than that of procedures which involved direct or primary stenting ( Euro 560; SD, Euro 108). We conclude that one-step stenting (direct or primary) is a valid option to secondary stenting in correctly selected patients, owing to the fact that when the procedure is performed by expert interventional radiologists there are high technical success rates, low complication rates, and a reduction in costs.

  9. Relative efficacy of bivalirudin versus heparin monotherapy in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention: a network meta-analysis

    PubMed Central

    Kinnaird, Tim; Medic, Goran; Casella, Gianni; Schiele, Francois; Kaul, Upendra; Radke, Peter W; Eijgelshoven, Indra; Bergman, Gert; Chew, Derek P

    2013-01-01

    In the absence of head-to-head clinical data, the objective of this study was to indirectly compare the efficacy and safety of a bivalirudin-based anticoagulation strategy with that of heparin monotherapy in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) intended for primary percutaneous coronary intervention. A systematic literature review was performed to identify randomized controlled trials to build a network of bivalirudin and heparin monotherapy strategies in STEMI patients using heparin, with glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor as a common reference strategy. At 30 days, the bivalirudin-based strategy was expected to result in lower mortality rates than heparin monotherapy (odds ratio [OR], 0.55; credible limit [CrL], 0.32–0.95). This relationship was sustained at 1 year. At 30 days, the risk for stroke (OR, 0.88; CrL, 0.37–2.13), myocardial infarction (OR, 0.79; CrL, 0.40–1.55), and thrombolysis in myocardial infarction major and minor bleedings (OR, 0.66; CrL, 0.45–0.98) tended to be numerically reduced with bivalirudin in comparison with heparin monotherapy. For patients with STEMI intended for primary percutaneous coronary intervention, bivalirudin is associated with lower mortality rates in comparison with heparin monotherapy. This study suggests that bivalirudin is more effective and safer than heparin monotherapy and should therefore be preferred over heparin monotherapy. PMID:24124401

  10. Refractory primary Sjögren syndrome successfully treated with bortezomib.

    PubMed

    Jakez-Ocampo, Juan; Atisha-Fregoso, Yemil; Llorente, Luis

    2015-01-01

    Primary Sjögren syndrome (PSS) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by sicca complex and various systemic manifestations. Although it is well accepted to use corticosteroids for the treatment of systemic manifestations, there is scarce information available regarding the use of targeted therapy for refractory cases. We describe a case of a severe PSS patient refractory to conventional treatment with a response to bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor commonly used for the treatment of multiple myeloma. Bortezomib administration resulted in a notable improvement of the general symptoms, particularly fatigue, and a decrease in serum globulin levels as well as in serum viscosity. Hyperglobulinemic purpura disappeared, and prednisone tapering succeeded. Because of chronicity, no clinical changes were observed in sicca symptoms. As far as we know, this is the first report on the use of bortezomib in a refractory case of PSS. PMID:25539431

  11. Comparison of Outcomes of Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Treated by Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Analyzed by Age Groups (<75, 75 to 85, and >85 Years); (Results from the Bremen STEMI Registry).

    PubMed

    Fach, Andreas; Bünger, Stefanie; Zabrocki, Robert; Schmucker, Johannes; Conradi, Paulina; Garstka, Daniela; Fiehn, Eduard; Hambrecht, Rainer; Wienbergen, Harm

    2015-12-15

    As old patients, who were treated by percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), are regularly excluded or underrepresented in randomized trials, data on treatment and outcomes of this patient group at high risk have to be collected by registries. The study population of the German Bremen STEMI Registry was divided into the age groups G1: <75 years (n = 4,108, young), G2: 75 to 85 years (n = 1,032, old), and G3: >85 years (n = 216, very old) and was evaluated for clinical management and course. PCI failure (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow 0 or 1 after PCI) was observed more often with increasing age. Patients >85 years without successful PCI had a very high inhospital mortality (40.0% without PCI success vs 18.1% with PCI success, p <0.05). Despite a reduced rate of periinterventional treatment with glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors in elderly patients of G2 and G3, inhospital bleedings (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction/Bleeding Academic Research Consortium ?2) occurred more frequently in these patients (G1: 5.4% vs G2: 11.0% vs G3: 19.6%, p <0.0001). Mortality rates during inhospital and long-term course increased with increasing age. In a multivariate analysis successful PCI was associated with improved outcomes in all age groups; even in very old patients successful PCI was associated with a significantly lower inhospital mortality rate (odds ratio 0.26, 95% confidence interval 0.08 to 0.81) and a trend toward a lower 1-year mortality. In conclusion, the present "real-world" data demonstrate an elevated rate of PCI failure, bleeding complications, and mortality in elderly patients treated by primary PCI for STEMI. However, a beneficial effect of successful PCI on mortality was observed in all age groups, even in very old patients, indicating the crucial role of revascularization therapy. PMID:26602071

  12. National Performance on Door-In to Door-Out Time Among Patients Transferred for Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Herrin, Jeph; Miller, Lauren E.; Turkmani, Dima F.; Nsa, Wato; Drye, Elizabeth E.; Bernheim, Susannah M.; Ling, Shari M.; Rapp, Michael T.; Han, Lein F.; Bratzler, Dale W.; Bradley, Elizabeth H.; Nallamothu, Brahmajee K.; Ting, Henry H.; Krumholz, Harlan M.

    2015-01-01

    Background Delays in treatment time are commonplace for patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction who must be transferred to another hospital for per-cutaneous coronary intervention. Experts have recommended that door-in to door-out (DIDO) time(ie, time from arrival at the first hospital to transfer from that hospital to the percutaneous coronary intervention hospital) should not exceed 30 minutes. We sought to describe national performance in DIDO time using a new measure developed by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. Methods We report national median DIDO time and examine associations with patient characteristics (age, sex, race, contraindication to fibrinolytic therapy, and arrival time) and hospital characteristics (number of beds, geographic region, location [rural or urban], and number of cases reported) using a mixed effects multivariable model. Results Among 13 776 included patients from 1034 hospitals, only 1343 (9.7%) had a DIDO time within 30 minutes, and DIDO exceeded 90 minutes for 4267 patients (31.0%). Mean estimated times (95% CI) to transfer based on multivariable analysis were 8.9 (5.6-12.2) minutes longer for women, 9.1 (2.7-16.0) minutes longer for African Americans, 6.9 (1.6-11.9) minutes longer for patients with contraindication to fibrinolytic therapy, shorter for all age categories (except >75 years) relative to the category of 18 to 35 years, 15.3 (7.3-23.5) minutes longer for rural hospitals, and 14.4 (6.6-21.3) minutes longer for hospitals with 9 or fewer transfers vs 15 or more in 2009 (all P<.001). Conclusion Among patients presenting to emergency departments and requiring transfer to another facility for percutaneous coronary intervention, the DIDO time rarely met the recommended 30 minutes. PMID:22123793

  13. Spatial factors affecting primary succession on the Muddy River Lahar, Mount St. Helens, Washington

    E-print Network

    del Moral, Roger

    Spatial factors affecting primary succession on the Muddy River Lahar, Mount St. Helens, Washington eruption of Mount St. Helens, Washington spawned a massive lahar that now supports a mosaic of vegeta- tion analysis Á Vegetation gradients Introduction Mount St. Helens is a unique setting to explore primary

  14. Factors Associated With Infarct-Related Artery Patency Before Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (from the FAST-MI 2010 Registry).

    PubMed

    Bailleul, Clotilde; Puymirat, Etienne; Aissaoui, Nadia; Schiele, François; Ducrocq, Gregory; Coste, Pierre; Blanchard, Didier; Brasselet, Camille; Elbaz, Meyer; Steg, Philippe Gabriel; Le Breton, Hervé; Bonnefoy-Cudraz, Eric; Montalescot, Gilles; Cottin, Yves; Goldstein, Patrick; Ferrières, Jean; Simon, Tabassome; Danchin, Nicolas

    2016-01-01

    Early infarct-related artery (IRA) patency is associated with better clinical outcomes in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Using the French Registry of ST-elevation and non-ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction (FAST-MI) 2010 registry, we investigated factors related to IRA patency (thrombolysis in myocardial infarction [TIMI] 2/3 flow) at the start of procedure in patients admitted for primary percutaneous coronary intervention. FAST-MI 2010 is a nationwide French registry including 4,169 patients with acute MI. Of 1,452 patients with STEMI with primary percutaneous coronary intervention, 466 (32%) had TIMI 2/3 flow of IRA before the procedure. Mean age (62 ± 14 years in both groups), Global Registry of Acute Coronary Event score (141 ± 31 vs 142 ± 34), and time from onset to angiography (472 ± 499 vs 451 ± 479 minutes) did not differ according to IRA patency (TIMI 2/3 vs TIMI 0/1). Using multivariate logistic regression analysis, IRA patency was more frequently found in patients having called earlier (time from onset to electrocardiogram [ECG] <120 minutes; odds ratio [OR] 1.49; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.17 to 1.89), or receiving rapid-onset of action (prasugrel or glycoprotein IIb-IIIa) antiplatelet therapy in the prehospital setting (OR 1.59, 95% CI 1.14 to 2.21). Increasing time from diagnostic ECG to angiography was also associated with IRA patency (>90 minutes; OR 1.37, 95% CI 1.08 to 1.75). In conclusion, preprocedural IRA patency is observed in one third of patients with STEMI, it is more frequently found in patients having received fast-acting antiplatelet therapy before angiography, and in patients having called early. Higher IRA patency with increasing time delays from qualifying ECG to angiography suggests an additional role of spontaneous or medication-mediated fibrinolysis. PMID:26541905

  15. Impact of the prehospital activation strategy in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous revascularization: a single center community hospital experience.

    PubMed

    Horvath, Sofia A; Xu, Ke; Nwanyanwu, Francis; Chan, Richard; Correa, Luis; Nass, Nouri; Jaraki, Abdul-Rahman; Jurkovich, David; Kennedy, Richard; Andrzejewski, Lee; Vignola, Paul A; Cubeddu, Roberto J

    2012-12-01

    The strategy of prehospital activation by the emergency medical system (EMS) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has been poorly adopted among the US hospitals that currently offer 24/7 primary percutaneous coronary intervention. In this study, we report a single center experience after the implementation of this strategy. From 2008 to 2011, we identified a total 188 STEMI patients (age 65 ± 15 years) presenting via EMS for primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Of these, 112 (59.6%) underwent prehospital activation (EMS group), whereas the remaining 76 (40.4%) underwent emergency department activation [emergency department (ED) group]. Baseline demographic characteristics were similar between both groups. The overall median door-to-balloon (DTB) time was 49 ± 14 minutes. Patients undergoing prehospital activation had on average significantly lower overall DTB times (EMS 44 ± 11 minutes vs. ED 57 ± 15 minutes; P < 0.001). Concordantly, DTB times <60 minutes were much more commonly achieved with this strategy (EMS 95.5% vs. ED 64.5%; P < 0.001). Fallouts beyond the recommended 90-minute DTB time were seen among ED patients only. No difference in in-hospital death (EMS 5.4% vs. ED 6.6%; P = 0.75) or cumulative 30-day mortality (EMS 6.3% vs. ED 7.9%; P = 0.68) was observed between both groups. However, on average, EMS patients had higher postinfarct left ventricular ejection fraction (EMS 48 ± 9.5% vs. ED 39 ± 14.6%; P = 0.004). Differences in DTB time and left ventricular ejection fraction remained significant after adjusting for differences in baseline characteristics. In conclusion, the prehospital activation strategy is largely effective and should be systematically adopted in the treatment scheme of STEMI patients to lower mechanical reperfusion times and reduce the potential for untoward clinical outcomes. PMID:23149360

  16. Impact of Clopidogrel loading dose in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

    PubMed

    Kim, Joon Young; Jeong, Myung Ho; Moon, Jae Hyun; Ahn, Yong Keun; Chae, Shung Chull; Hur, Seung Ho; Hong, Taek Jong; Kim, Young Jo; Seong, In Whan; Chae, In Ho; Cho, Myeong Chan; Jang, Yang Soo; Yoon, Jung Han; Seung, Ki Bae; Park, Seung Jung

    2012-12-01

    The optimal loading dose of clopidogrel in patients with chronic kidney disease who undergo primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of clopidogrel loading dose on clinical outcomes in this setting. A total of 1,457 patients with CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) were evaluated according to clopidogrel loading dose: 600 mg (n = 861) versus 300 mg (n = 596). In-hospital complications, including major bleeding and clinical outcomes at 1 and 12 months, were compared between the 2 groups. The in-hospital major bleeding rate was similar (0.8% vs 0.2%, p = 0.09). Also, there were no differences in major adverse cardiac event rates, including death, recurrent myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization, and stent thrombosis, at 1 month (15.6% vs 16.4%, p = 0.70) and 12 months (19.0% vs 21.3%, p = 0.32). On multivariate analysis, a 600-mg loading dose of clopidogrel was not an independent predictor of 1-month (odds ratio 1.13, 95% confidence interval 0.49 to 2.57, p = 0.78) and 12-month (odds ratio 0.89, 95% confidence interval 0.52 to 1.51, p = 0.66) major adverse cardiac events. After propensity score-matched analysis, these results were unchanged. In conclusion, a 600-mg loading dose of clopidogrel was not effective in reducing 1- and 12-month major adverse cardiac events in patients with chronic kidney disease who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, but this dose did not increase the in-hospital major bleeding rate. PMID:22935526

  17. Journal of Vegetation Science 23 (2012) 7385 Primary succession trajectories on pumice at Mount

    E-print Network

    del Moral, Roger

    2012-01-01

    Journal of Vegetation Science 23 (2012) 73­85 Primary succession trajectories on pumice at Mount St patterns during succession? Location: Pumice Plain of Mount St. Helens (46.23449°N; 122.15929°W, 1230 m a.s.l.), which was sterilized in 1980 by a direct volcanic blast, then bur- ied in pumice. Methods: We monitored

  18. Myocardial Infarct Size in Patients on Long-Term Statin Therapy Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

    PubMed

    Marenzi, Giancarlo; Cosentino, Nicola; Cortinovis, Sarah; Milazzo, Valentina; Rubino, Mara; Cabiati, Angelo; De Metrio, Monica; Moltrasio, Marco; Lauri, Gianfranco; Campodonico, Jeness; Pontone, Gianluca; Andreini, Daniele; Bonomi, Alice; Veglia, Fabrizio; Bartorelli, Antonio

    2015-12-15

    Statin pretreatment has been reported to have a cardioprotective effect in patients undergoing elective or urgent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, data on patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary PCI are still controversial. We prospectively evaluated the effect of long-term statin therapy on infarct size (IS), myocardial salvage index (MSI), and microvascular obstruction (MVO) in consecutive patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI. Two-hundred thirty patients with STEMI (mean age 61 ± 11 years, 183 men) who underwent primary PCI were evaluated with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging during hospitalization (median 4 days after primary PCI). In all patients, we measured peak troponin I level, whereas IS, MSI, and MVO were determined by CMR. Fifty patients (22%) were on long-term statin therapy and showed a significantly lower troponin I peak value compared to patients without previous statins (54 ± 47 vs 88 ± 106 ng/ml; p = 0.02). At CMR evaluation, IS related to the index event was significantly smaller (12.5 ± 11.5 vs 18.5 ± 18.5 g, p = 0.05), and MSI was higher (0.68 ± 0.25 vs 0.52 ± 0.30; p <0.01) in patients with previous statin therapy. MVO was also less frequent (10% vs 20%; p = 0.14) in this group. At multivariate analysis, previous statin therapy remained significantly associated with IS and MSI (p = 0.05 and 0.02, respectively). In conclusion, this study suggests that long-term statin therapy before primary PCI in patients with STEMI is associated with smaller IS and higher MSI. Future studies are warranted to confirm these findings and to investigate potential clinical implications. PMID:26602070

  19. Successful percutaneous coronary intervention in a patient with combined deficiency of FV and FVIII due to novel compound heterozygous mutations in LMAN1.

    PubMed

    Patel, A J; Liu, H-H; Lager, R A; Malkovska, V; Zhang, B

    2013-07-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with congenital coagulation factor deficiencies presents a unique challenge. They are not only at increased risk of perioperative bleeding but can also suffer thrombosis of the stent as preventive anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy is difficult. Several cases of successful PCI have been described in patients with haemophilia A and B, but there are no reports in patients with combined coagulation factor deficiencies. We used PCI to treat the coronary artery disease in a patient with the combined deficiency of factor V and factor VIII (F5F8D) and analysed the molecular basis of the disorder for this patient. A 68-year-old patient was admitted for urgent PCI with bare metal stent placement after the diagnosis of the F5F8D. Peripheral blood DNA was extracted for the sequence analysis of LMAN1 and MCFD2 genes. Mutations in LMAN1 was confirmed by molecular cloning of the PCR product and resequencing of the resulting clones. The patient underwent successful PCI with good long-term outcome. Our patient tolerated anticoagulation therapy well, with unfractionated heparin, and double antiplatelet therapy while he was initially supported with fresh frozen plasma and recombinant FVIII. Molecular analysis revealed that the patient carries unusual compound heterozygous frameshift mutations on the same microsatellite repeat region in exon 8 of LMAN1, one of which is a novel mutation (c.912delA). Our results suggest that patients with F5F8D can safely undergo PCI for coronary artery disease, with the treatment individualized to the specific patient. PMID:23557496

  20. Prognostic value of early acute kidney injury after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

    PubMed

    Kim, Jae Hee; Lee, Jang Hoon; Jang, Se Yong; Park, Sun Hee; Bae, Myung Hwan; Yang, Dong Heon; Park, Hun Sik; Cho, Yongkeun; Chae, Shung Chull

    2014-10-15

    The pattern and prognostic impact of "early" acute kidney injury (AKI) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction have not been well established. From November 2005 to November 2011, 971 post-myocardial infarction patients who underwent primary PCI were analyzed. Early AKI was defined using absolute change in serum creatinine (SCr; SCr <24 hours after primary PCI minus admission SCr) as follows: no early AKI (SCr change <0.3 mg/dl), mild early AKI (SCr change 0.3 to <0.5 mg/dl), moderate early AKI (SCr change 0.5 to <1.0 mg/dl), and severe early AKI (SCr change ?1.0 mg/dl). One-year major adverse cardiac events were defined as death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and revascularizations. Overall, 9.6% had early AKI, including 5.7% with mild, 2.5% with moderate, and 1.4% with severe early AKI. Diabetes mellitus (odds ratio 1.84, p = 0.042), the left ventricular ejection fraction (odds ratio 0.97, p = 0.042), and hemoglobin levels (odds ratio 0.84, p = 0.039) were independently associated with early AKI. Early AKI (adjusted hazard ratio 2.80, p = 0.005) was an independent predictor of 1-year major adverse cardiac events. The adjusted hazard ratios of 1-year major adverse cardiac events from the lowest (reference) to the highest quartile of early AKI were as follows: 1, 2.87 (p = 0.012), 3.22 (p = 0.021), and 5.83 (p = 0.004), respectively. In conclusion, early dynamic change in renal function after primary PCI can sensitively predict worse outcomes. PMID:25159240

  1. Successful treatment of a cat with primary hypoadrenocorticism and severe hyponatremia with desoxycorticosterone pivalate (DOCP).

    PubMed

    Woolcock, Andrew D; Ward, Cynthia

    2015-11-01

    A 6-year-old, castrated male Siamese cat was diagnosed with primary hypoadrenocorticism, confirmed by an adrenocorticotopic hormone (ACTH) stimulation test documenting both hypocortisolism and hypoaldosteronism. The cat was successfully treated using a combination of prednisolone and desoxycorticosterone pivalate (DOCP). This case demonstrates that DOCP can be used successfully as mineralocorticoid supplementation in cats with hypoadrenocorticism and may have a longer therapeutic duration than that in dogs. PMID:26538671

  2. Randomized Trial of Complete Versus Lesion-Only Revascularization in Patients Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for STEMI and Multivessel Disease

    PubMed Central

    Gershlick, Anthony H.; Khan, Jamal Nasir; Kelly, Damian J.; Greenwood, John P.; Sasikaran, Thiagarajah; Curzen, Nick; Blackman, Daniel J.; Dalby, Miles; Fairbrother, Kathryn L.; Banya, Winston; Wang, Duolao; Flather, Marcus; Hetherington, Simon L.; Kelion, Andrew D.; Talwar, Suneel; Gunning, Mark; Hall, Roger; Swanton, Howard; McCann, Gerry P.

    2015-01-01

    Background The optimal management of patients found to have multivessel disease while undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (P-PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction is uncertain. Objectives CvLPRIT (Complete versus Lesion-only Primary PCI trial) is a U.K. open-label randomized study comparing complete revascularization at index admission with treatment of the infarct-related artery (IRA) only. Methods After they provided verbal assent and underwent coronary angiography, 296 patients in 7 U.K. centers were randomized through an interactive voice-response program to either in-hospital complete revascularization (n = 150) or IRA-only revascularization (n = 146). Complete revascularization was performed either at the time of P-PCI or before hospital discharge. Randomization was stratified by infarct location (anterior/nonanterior) and symptom onset (?3 h or >3 h). The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction (MI), heart failure, and ischemia-driven revascularization within 12 months. Results Patient groups were well matched for baseline clinical characteristics. The primary endpoint occurred in 10.0% of the complete revascularization group versus 21.2% in the IRA-only revascularization group (hazard ratio: 0.45; 95% confidence interval: 0.24 to 0.84; p = 0.009). A trend toward benefit was seen early after complete revascularization (p = 0.055 at 30 days). Although there was no significant reduction in death or MI, a nonsignificant reduction in all primary endpoint components was seen. There was no reduction in ischemic burden on myocardial perfusion scintigraphy or in the safety endpoints of major bleeding, contrast-induced nephropathy, or stroke between the groups. Conclusions In patients presenting for P-PCI with multivessel disease, index admission complete revascularization significantly lowered the rate of the composite primary endpoint at 12 months compared with treating only the IRA. In such patients, inpatient total revascularization may be considered, but larger clinical trials are required to confirm this result and specifically address whether this strategy is associated with improved survival. (Complete Versus Lesion-only Primary PCI Pilot Study [CvLPRIT]; ISRCTN70913605) PMID:25766941

  3. Interhospital transfer due to failed prehospital diagnosis for primary percutaneous coronary intervention: an observational study on incidence, predictors, and clinical impact

    PubMed Central

    Gu, Youlan L; Nijsten, Maarten W; de Vos, Ronald; Nieuwland, Wybe; Zijlstra, Felix; Hillege, Hans L; van der Horst, Iwan C; de Smet, Bart JGL

    2013-01-01

    Background: For patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), guidelines recommend prehospital triage and direct referral to a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)-capable centre in order to minimize ischemic time. However, few have studied failed prehospital diagnosis. We assessed the incidence, predictors, and clinical impact of interhospital transfer for primary PCI after initial referral to a non-PCI-capable centre due to a failed prehospital STEMI diagnosis. Methods: We studied 846 consecutive STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI between January 2008 and January 2010. Results: We found that 609 patients (72%) were directly admitted through prehospital triage and 127 patients (15%) required interhospital transfer after failed prehospital diagnosis. Median first medical contact to treatment time was 88 min in the prehospital diagnosis group and 155 min in the interhospital transfer group (p<0.001). In the interhospital transfer group, the first available electrocardiogram was diagnostic for STEMI in 77% of cases. Predictors of interhospital transfer were female gender, diabetes, prior myocardial infarction, and greater event location to PCI-capable centre distance. Interhospital transfer independently accounted for a 47% increase in ischemic time (95% CI 33 to 63%; p<0.001). One-year mortality was higher in the interhospital transfer group (10 vs. 5.3%; p=0.030). Conclusions: Despite an often-diagnostic electrocardiogram, interhospital transfer after failed prehospital diagnosis occurred in 15% of STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI. Interhospital transfer was a major predictor of ischemic time and 1-year mortality was significantly higher. Continuing efforts to optimize prehospital triage are warranted, especially among patients at higher risk of failed prehospital diagnosis. PMID:24222827

  4. Optical coherence tomography assessment of efficacy of thrombus aspiration in patients undergoing a primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction

    PubMed Central

    Yamaguchi, Tomoyuki; Ino, Yasushi; Matsuo, Yoshiki; Shiono, Yasutsugu; Yamano, Takashi; Taruya, Akira; Nishiguchi, Tsuyoshi; Shimokado, Aiko; Orii, Makoto; Tanaka, Atsushi; Hozumi, Takeshi; Akasaka, Takashi

    2015-01-01

    Objective We used optical coherence tomography (OCT) to assess the impact of thrombus aspiration before angioplasty on poststenting tissue protrusions in patients undergoing a primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods and results A total of 188 patients with STEMI who underwent thrombus-aspiration PCI (n=113) or standard PCI (n=75) were examined in this study. OCT was performed immediately after primary PCI to assess lesion morphology in the stented segment. The minimum stent area was similar between the thrombus-aspiration PCI group and the standard PCI group [7.4 interquartile range (IQR): 5.8–9.4 vs. 7.4 IQR: 5.8–8.9?mm2, P=0.788]. The maximum tissue protrusion area [0.6 (IQR: 0.3–1.1) vs. 1.2 (IQR: 0.8–1.9)?mm2, P<0.001], the mean tissue protrusion area [0.1 (IQR: 0.1–0.2) vs. 0.5 (IQR: 0.3–0.8)?mm2, P<0.001], and tissue protrusion volume [2.3 (IQR: 1.3–4.3) vs. 8.3 (IQR: 5.4–14.6)?mm3, P<0.001] were significantly smaller in the thrombus-aspiration PCI group compared with the standard PCI group. Minimum lumen area was significantly greater in the thrombus-aspiration PCI group compared with the standard PCI group [6.9 (IQR: 5.4–8.8) vs. 6.3 (IQR: 4.6–7.8)?mm2, P=0.033]. Conclusion Thrombus aspiration before angioplasty in patients with STEMI was associated with significantly smaller tissue protrusion and larger lumen poststenting compared with standard PCI. Thrombus aspiration in primary PCI favorably influenced lesion morphologies in the stented segment. PMID:26230885

  5. Clinical Outcome, and Survival Between Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Versus Fibrinolysis in Patients Older Than 60 Years with Acute Myocardial Infarction

    PubMed Central

    Falsoleiman, H.; Fatehi, G. H.; Dehghani, M; Shakeri, M. T.; Bayani, Baktash; Ahmadi, Mostafa; Rohani, Atoosheh

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The aim of the present study was to compare the short-term and 6-month clinical outcome, and survival in patients older than 60 years with ST-elevation myocardial infarction randomized to either primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) or thrombolysis. Materials and Methods: 82 patients with STEMI older than 60 years were randomized to either primary PCI or thrombolysis from September 2006 to August 2008. Angiograms were reviewed by two interventionalists not involved in the study. Patients randomized to primary PCI received Aspirin and 600 mg Clopidogrel. Heparin was administered in conjunction with PCI. Patients randomized to thrombolysis received Aspirin followed by streptokinase infusion for one hour. Rescue PCI was considered if there was ongoing pain and ST-segment resolution was <50% at 90 min. after initiation of thrombolysis or chest pain recurred with ST-segment elevation within 24 hours. All patients were followed up for 6 months. End points were reinfarction and cardiac death using competing-risks regression estimation. Results: The mean time from hospital admission to start of streptokinase infusion was 31 ± 15 min and door to balloon time was 70 ± 25 min. There was no significant difference between the groups in the number of deaths and reinfarctions at 6 months. As expected, the fibrinolysis group had a higher rate of revascularization and heart failure. Conclusion: The higher rates of heart failure and need for revascularization in the fibrinolysis group reinforces benefits of PPCI in patients older than 60 years. PPCI in those who are 60 years and above with AMI is safe and cost effective. PMID:23439588

  6. Impact of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease on Myocardial Perfusion in Nondiabetic Patients Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

    PubMed

    Emre, Ayse; Terzi, Sait; Celiker, Emel; Sahin, Sinan; Yaz?c?, Selcuk; Erdem, Aysun; Ceylan, Ufuk Sadik; Asik, Murat; Yesilcimen, Kemal

    2015-12-15

    Limited data exist on the role of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (FLD) as a potential independent risk factor in the setting of acute coronary syndromes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of FLD on myocardial perfusion and inhospital major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in the setting of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We examined 186 consecutive nondiabetic patients (mean age 58 ± 11 years and 76% men) who underwent primary PCI for STEMI by ultrasound within 72 hours of admission. FLD was graded according to a semiquantitative severity score as mild (score <3) or moderate to severe (score ?3). Myocardial perfusion was determined by measuring myocardial blush grade (MBG) and ST-segment resolution (STR) analysis. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to FLD score (<3 or ?3). There were no differences with regard to postprocedural Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 3 flow grade between the 2 groups (89% vs 83%, p = 0.201). Patients with FLD score ?3 were more likely to have absent myocardial perfusion (MBG 0/1, 37% vs 12%, p <0.0001), absent STR (27% vs 9%, p = 0.001), and higher inhospital MACE rate (31% vs 8%, p <0.0001). By multivariate analysis, FLD ?3 score was found to be an independent predictor of absent MBG 0/1 (odds ratio [OR] 2.856, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.214 to 6.225, p = 0.033), absent STR (OR 2.862, 95% CI 1.242 to 6.342, p = 0.031), and inhospital MACE (OR 2.454, 95% CI 1.072 to 4.872, p = 0.048). In conclusion, we found that despite similar high rates of Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 3 after primary PCI, patients with FLD score ?3 are more likely to have impaired myocardial perfusion which may contribute to adverse inhospital outcome. PMID:26506122

  7. Season of Birth and School Success in the Early Years of Primary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Verachtert, Pieter; De Fraine, Bieke; Onghena, Patrick; Ghesquiere, Pol

    2010-01-01

    Several studies have reported significant relationships between children's season of birth and measures of their academic success (i.e., the "season of birth effect"). Whereas most of these studies were cross-sectional, the current study uses growth curve modelling to analyse longitudinal data on 3,187 children in Flemish primary education. The…

  8. PRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Is salinity tolerance the key to success for the invasive water

    E-print Network

    Green, Andy J.

    PRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Is salinity tolerance the key to success for the invasive water bug+Business Media B.V. 2010 Abstract Trichocorixa verticalis is a North Amer- ican water bug (Heteroptera: Corixidae verticalis is a small omnivorous water bug (Heteroptera: Corixidae) native to North-American brackish

  9. Patterns of primary succession on the foreland of Coleman Glacier, Washington, USA

    E-print Network

    del Moral, Roger

    regions of North America. We described patterns in community composition, vegetation cover, diversity, USA. Community composition changed rapidly with high turnover between age classes. Cover increased) and has been observed or inferred over longer time scales in primary succession on volcanoes Plant Ecology

  10. Safety of intravenous ivabradine in acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, pilot study

    PubMed Central

    Lopez-de-Sà, E; Schiele, F; Hamon, M; Meinertz, T; Goicolea, J; Werdan, K; Lopez-Sendon, JL

    2013-01-01

    Aims: Rapid heart rate lowering may be attractive in acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Accordingly we studied the effect of intravenous ivabradine on heart rate in this setting. Methods and results: This was a multicenter randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial: patients aged 40–80 years were randomized after successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) performed within 6 h of STEMI symptom onset. Patients were in sinus rhythm and with heart rate >80 bpm and systolic blood pressure >90 mm Hg. They were randomly assigned (2:1 ratio) to intravenous ivabradine (n=82) (5 mg bolus over 30 s, followed by 5 mg infusion over 8 h) or matching placebo (n=42). The primary outcome measure was heart rate and blood pressure. In both groups, heart rate was reduced over 8 h, with a faster and more marked decrease on ivabradine than placebo (22.2±1.3 vs 8.9±1.8 bpm, p<0.0001). After treatment discontinuation, heart rate was similar in both groups. Throughout the study, there was no difference in blood pressure between groups. There was no difference in cardiac biomarkers (creatine kinase (CK-MB), troponin T and troponin I). On echocardiography performed at baseline and post treatment (median 1.16 days), final left ventricular volumes were lower in the ivabradine group both for left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) (87.1±28.2 vs 117.8±21.4 ml, p=0.01) and left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV) (42.5±19.0 versus 59.1±11.3 ml, p=0.03) without differences in volume change or left ventricular ejection fraction. Conclusion: This pilot study shows that intravenous ivabradine may be used safely to slow the heart rate in STEMI. Further studies are needed to characterize its effect on infarct size, left ventricular function and clinical outcomes in this population. PMID:24222839

  11. Arterial stiffness as a predictor of recovery of left ventricular systolic function after acute myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Imbalzano, Egidio; Vatrano, Marco; Mandraffino, Giuseppe; Ghiadoni, Lorenzo; Gangemi, Sebastiano; Bruno, Rosa Maria; Ciconte, Vincenzo Antonio; Paunovic, Nevena; Costantino, Rossella; Mormina, Enrico Maria; Ceravolo, Roberto; Saitta, Antonino; Dattilo, Giuseppe

    2015-12-01

    Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and pulse wave velocity (PWV) are acknowledged as independent risk factors in different high-risk populations. We investigated the effects of arterial stiffness on LV function at 3 and 6 months after acute myocardial infarction. Changes in LVEF were evaluated in 136 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with ST-segment elevation coronary syndrome and treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Doppler guided by 2D ultrasound was used to measure carotid-femoral PWV. According to tertiles of arterial stiffness, a significant correlation between higher PWV and worse recovery in LVEF was found (3 months EF change: 9.9 ± 5.0 % vs 5.9 ± 3.4 vs 3.8 ± 1.6; p < 0.001 and 6 months EF change: 18.5 ± 7.0 % vs 11.5 ± 5.2 vs 7.3 ± 3.0; p = 0.002). In the multivariate analysis PWV showed the ability to predict the outcome in terms of EF recovery at 3 and 6 months also after any correction for age and other variables (? = -0.566, p < 0.001). Arterial stiffening may result in a less effective recovery of LV function after acute myocardial infarction. PMID:26239135

  12. Percutaneous connectors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Picha, G. J.; Taylor, S. R.

    1981-01-01

    A surface possessing a regular array of micro-pillars was evaluated with regard to its ability to control epithelial downgrowth at the percutaneous interface. A range of pillar sizes were applied to the vertical segment of T shaped Biomer (R) implants. These percutaneous tabs were implanted into the dorsum of cats for a period of 6 weeks using a standardized surgical technique. Comments were made post-operatively and at the time of retrieval. A quantitative scoring system was applied to these observations as well as histological results. As observed, the pillar morphology used displayed the ability to control epithelial downgrowth. Collagen ingrowth into the interpillar spaces and possibly direct interactions of the epithelial cells with the morphology may account for the inhibition. The reproducibility of epithelial inhibition is, however, limited by other factors which are currently not well understood. These factors and potential methods of assessment are discussed.

  13. Palliative Care Partnership: a successful model of primary/secondary integration.

    PubMed

    Stewart, Bruce; Allan, Simon; Keane, Barry; Marshall, Bridget; Ayling, Jane; Luxford, Tai

    2006-01-01

    The health reforms of the 1990s and early 21st century have seen unheralded change in the delivery of health services in New Zealand, and the concept of integration of primary and specialist or secondary services into a seamless health delivery service is one of the key planks of national and regional healthcare planning in New Zealand. This paper reports on a successful primary secondary integration project. Starting with commentary on the historical difficulties that acted as a catalyst to this initiative, it reports on the development process, how the model works in practice, and outlines some initial evaluation work done as part of its quality improvement component. Given the collaborative nature of this project and its scope across primary and specialist care sectors, the authors believe this model has implications and relevance across a wide spectrum of the New Zealand health service. PMID:16998577

  14. Intracoronary administration of anisodamine and nicorandil in individuals undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute inferior myocardial infarction: A randomized factorial trial

    PubMed Central

    CHEN, CHUNHONG; FU, XIANGHUA; LI, WEI; JIA, XINWEI; BAI, SHIRU; GENG, WEI; XING, KUN

    2015-01-01

    In acute inferior myocardial infarction (AIMI), numerous conventional drugs that are used to improve the myocardial microcirculation can significantly reduce blood pressure (BP) and coronary perfusion pressure, aggravate bradyarrhythmia and cause a deterioration in the hemodynamic state of the whole body, which greatly limits the application of these drugs in clinical settings. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of anisodamine and nicorandil regimens on the prevention of no-reflow (NR) and the amelioration of myocardial reperfusion in patients with AIMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A total of 104 consecutive patients with AIMI were included in this study and randomly assigned to one of four groups: A (control group), B (anisodamine group), C (nicorandil group) and D (anisodamine and nicorandil group). Patients underwent PCI via transradial artery access and the angiographic results were evaluated. Coronary diastolic BP (DBP) and systolic and mean BPs were measured by invasive catheterization. The primary end-point was a post-PCI Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) myocardial perfusion grade (TMPG) of 3. Composite end-points (mortality + new MI + target vessel revascularization) were evaluated during the hospital stay and 30 days after discharge. Following the procedure, the proportion of patients achieving TMPG 3 was significantly higher in group D than that in the other groups (P=0.014); furthermore, the incidence of a postprocedural TIMI score of 3 was the highest in group D. Three days after the procedure, the peak creatine kinase-MB and cardiac troponin I levels were the lowest and the left ventricular ejection fraction was the highest in group D. A thrombus score of 3/4 and low DBP were the independent risk factors for poor myocardial reperfusion (expressed as TMPG <3), while 2 mg anisodamine plus 2 mg nicorandil prior to PCI was protective for optimal myocardial reperfusion following the procedure. The combination of anisodamine and nicorandil can effectively ameliorate myocardial reperfusion and protect cardiac function in patients with AIMI undergoing primary PCI. PMID:26622439

  15. Reperfusion delay in patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention: insight from a real world Danish ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction population in the era of telemedicine

    PubMed Central

    Sejersten, Maria; Hvelplund, Anders; Madsen, Mette; Lønborg, Jacob; Steinmetz, Jacob; Treschow, Philip M; Pedersen, Frants; Jørgensen, Erik; Grande, Peer; Kelbæk, Henning; Clemmensen, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Background: Reperfusion delay in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) predicts adverse outcome. We evaluated time from alarm call (system delay) and time from first medical contact (PCI-related delay), where fibrinolysis could be initiated, to balloon inflation in a pre-hospital organization with tele-transmitted electrocardiograms, field triage and direct transfer to a 24/7 primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) center. Methods and results: This was a single center cohort study with long-term follow-up in 472 patients. The PPCI center registry was linked by person identification number to emergency medical services (EMS) and National Board of Health databases in the period of 2005–2008. Patients were stratified according to transfer distances to PPCI into zone 1 (0–25 km), zone 2 (65–100 km) and zone 3 (101–185 km) and according to referral by pre-hospital triage. System delay was 86 minutes (interquartile range (IQR) 72–113) in zone 1, 133 (116–180) in zone 2 and 173 (145–215) in zone 3 (p<0.001). PCI-related delay in directly referred patients was 109 (92–121) minutes in zone 2, but exceeded recommendations in zone 3 (139 (121–160)) and for patients admitted via the local hospital (219 (171–250)). System delay was an independent predictor of mortality (p<0.001). Conclusions: Pre-hospital triage is feasible in 73% of patients. PCI-related delay exceeded European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines for patients living >100 km away and for non-directly referred patients. Sorting the PPCI centers catchment area into geographical zones identifies patients with long reperfusion delays. Possible solutions are pharmaco-invasive regiments, research in early ischemia detection, airborne transfer and EMS personnel education that ensures pre-hospital triage. PMID:24062908

  16. Usefulness of the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio in predicting angiographic reflow after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

    PubMed

    Kurtul, Alparslan; Yarlioglues, Mikail; Murat, Sani Namik; Ergun, Gokhan; Duran, Mustafa; Kasapkara, Haci Ahmet; Demircelik, Muhammed Bora; Cetin, Mustafa; Ocek, Adil Hakan

    2014-08-01

    Impaired coronary flow after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is associated with short- and long-term morbidity and mortality in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Recent studies have demonstrated that platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the relation between admission PLR and angiographic reflow after PPCI. A total of 520 patients with acute STEMI (age 60 ± 13 years; 74% men) occurring within 12 hours of the onset of symptoms who underwent PPCI were enrolled. The PLR and other laboratory parameters were measured before PPCI. The patients were divided into 2 groups based on the postintervention Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade: normal-reflow group (defined as postintervention TIMI grade 3 flow) and none-reflow group (consisted of both patients with angiographic no-reflow defined as postintervention TIMI grades 0 to 1 flow and slow flow defined as postintervention TIMI grade 2 flow). There were 117 patients (22.5%) in the none-reflow group (age 68 ± 13 years and 77% men) and 403 patients in the normal-reflow group (age 58 ± 12 years and 63% men). The none-reflow group had significantly higher PLR compared with the normal-reflow group (219 ± 79 vs 115 ± 59, p <0.001). In logistic regression analysis, PLR (odds ratio 1.818, 95% confidence interval 1.713 to 1.980, p <0.001) and total stent length (OR 1.052, confidence interval 1.019 to 1.086, p = 0.002) were independent predictors of none-reflow after PPCI. In conclusion, preintervention PLR is a strong and independent predictor of slow flow/no-reflow after PPCI in patients with acute STEMI. PMID:24948493

  17. Serial assessment of the index of microcirculatory resistance during primary percutaneous coronary intervention comparing manual aspiration catheter thrombectomy with balloon angioplasty (IMPACT study): a randomised controlled pilot study

    PubMed Central

    Hoole, Stephen P; Jaworski, Catherine; Brown, Adam J; McCormick, Liam M; Agrawal, Bobby; Clarke, Sarah C; West, Nick E J

    2015-01-01

    Objective Utilising a novel study design, we evaluated serial measurements of the index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) to assess the impact of device therapy on microvascular function, and determine what proportion of microvascular injury is related to the PPCI procedure, and what is an inevitable consequence of STEMI. Design 41 patients undergoing PPCI for STEMI were randomised to balloon angioplasty (BA, n=20) or manual thrombectomy (MT, n=21) prior to stenting. Serial IMR measurements, corrected for collaterals, were recorded at baseline and at each stage of the procedure. Microvascular obstruction (MVO) and infarct size at 24?h and 3?months were measured by troponin and cardiac MRI (CMR). Results IMR did not change significantly following PPCI, but patients with lower IMR values (<32, n=30) at baseline had a significant increase in IMR following PPCI (baseline: 21.2±7.9 vs post-stent: 33.0±23.7, p=0.01) attributable to prestent IRA instrumentation (baseline: 21.7±8.0 vs post-BA or MT: 36.9±25.9, p=0.006). Post-stent IMR correlated with early MVO on CMR (p=0.01). There was no significant difference in post-stent IMR, presence of early MVO or final infarct size between patients with BA and patients treated with MT. Conclusions Patients with STEMI and less microcirculatory dysfunction may be susceptible to acute iatrogenic microcirculatory injury from prestent coronary devices. MT did not appear to be superior to BA in maintaining microcirculatory integrity when the guide wire partially restores IRA flow during PPCI. Trial registration number ISRCTN31767278. PMID:26019882

  18. How does coronary stent implantation impact on the status of the microcirculation during primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction?

    PubMed Central

    De Maria, Giovanni Luigi; Cuculi, Florim; Patel, Niket; Dawkins, Sam; Fahrni, Gregor; Kassimis, George; Choudhury, Robin P.; Forfar, John C.; Prendergast, Bernard D.; Channon, Keith M.; Kharbanda, Rajesh K.; Banning, Adrian P.

    2015-01-01

    Aims Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is the optimal treatment for patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). An elevated index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) reflects microvascular function and when measured after PPCI, it can predict an adverse clinical outcome. We measured coronary microvascular function in STEMI patients and compared sequential changes before and after stent implantation. Methods and results In 85 STEMI patients, fractional flow reserve, coronary flow reserve, and IMR were measured using a pressure wire (Certus, St Jude Medical, St Paul, MN, USA) immediately before and after stent implantation. Stenting significantly improved all of the measured parameters of coronary physiology including IMR from 67.7 [interquartile range (IQR): 56.2–95.8] to 36.7 (IQR: 22.7–59.5), P < 0.001. However, after stenting, IMR remained elevated (>40) in 28 (32.9%) patients. In 15 of these patients (17.6% of the cohort), only a partial reduction in IMR occurred and these patients were more likely to be late presenters (pain to wire time >6 h). The extent of jeopardized myocardium [standardized beta: ?0.26 (IMR unit/Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation score unit), P: 0.009] and pre-stenting IMR [standardized beta: ?0.34 (IMR unit), P: 0.001] predicted a reduction in IMR after stenting (?IMR = post-stenting IMR ? pre-stenting IMR), whereas thrombotic burden [standardized beta: 0.24 (IMR unit/thrombus score unit), P: 0.01] and deployed stent volume [standardized beta: 0.26 (IMR unit/mm3 of stent), P: 0.01] were associated with a potentially deleterious increase in IMR. Conclusion Improved perfusion of the myocardium by stent deployment during PPCI is not universal. The causes of impaired microvascular function at the completion of PPCI treatment are heterogeneous, but can reflect a later clinical presentation and/or the location and extent of the thrombotic burden. PMID:26254178

  19. Just a drop of cement: a case of cervical spine bone aneurysmal cyst successfully treated by percutaneous injection of a small amount of polymethyl-methacrylate cement.

    PubMed

    Fahed, Robert; Clarençon, Frédéric; Riouallon, Guillaume; Cormier, Evelyne; Bonaccorsi, Raphael; Pascal-Mousselard, Hugues; Chiras, Jacques

    2016-01-01

    Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is a benign hemorrhagic tumor, commonly revealed by local pain. The best treatment for this lesion is still controversial. We report the case of a patient with chronic neck pain revealing an ABC of the third cervical vertebra. After percutaneous injection of a small amount of polymethyl-methacrylate bone cement, the patient experienced significant clinical and radiological improvement. PMID:25526916

  20. Four primary malignancies successively occurred in a BRCA2 mutation carrier: a case report.

    PubMed

    Fruscalzo, A; Damante, G; Calcagno, A; Di Loreto, C; Marchesoni, D

    2006-10-01

    Carriers of BRCA2 germline mutation have a significantly increased lifetime risk of breast and ovarian cancer compared to non carriers. Several other carcinomas seem to be associated with BRCA2 mutations: pancreas, prostate, larynx, gallbladder, bile duct cancer, and malignant melanoma. We described a case of a 67-year-old BRCA2 mutation carrier of Caucasian, non-Jewish, ethnic origin who successively developed 4 primary malignancies in 30 months: breast ductal carcinoma, chronic lymphatic leukemia, ovarian serous papillary carcinoma, and endocervical adenocarcinoma. This is the first case of 4 primary malignancies in a BRCA mutation carrier, also occurred in such a short observation period. Chronic lymphatic leukemia and endocervical adenocarcinoma have not been yet associated to BRCA2 germline mutation. PMID:16982466

  1. Predictive Value of Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Levels for Contrast-Induced Nephropathy in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Who Underwent Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Oksuz, Fatih; Yarlioglues, Mikail; Cay, Serkan; Celik, Ibrahim Ethem; Mendi, Mehmet Ali; Kurtul, Alparslan; Cankurt, Tayyar; Kuyumcu, Serdar; Canpolat, U?ur; Turak, Osman

    2015-09-01

    Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is associated with adverse short- and long-term outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) for risk of CIN in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who underwent PPCI. A total of 473 patients were enrolled in the study. A relative increase in serum creatinine ?25%, or an absolute increase ?0.5 mg/dl, from the baseline within 72 hours of contrast exposure was defined as CIN. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to GGT tertiles (tertile 1, GGT <19 U/L; tertile 2, GGT 19 to 33 U/L; and tertile 3, GGT >33 U/L) on admission. Demographics, clinical risk factors, laboratory parameters, CIN incidence, and other inhospital clinical outcomes were compared among GGT tertiles. CIN incidence was significantly higher in tertile 3 (29%) compared with tertiles 1 (11%) and 2 (11%, p <0.001). Inhospital death incidence was significantly increased across tertiles (from tertile 1 to tertiles 2 and 3, 1%, 4%, and 5%, respectively, p <0.05). In receiver operating characteristic analysis, a threshold value of GGT >26.5 U/L had 70% sensitivity and 60% specificity for CIN. After including variables found significant in univariate analysis, the presence of diabetes mellitus (odds ratio [OR] 1.71, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.22 to 2.31, p <0.001), C-reactive protein (for each 1 mg/L increase; OR 1.01, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.02, p = 0.007), contrast volume (for each 1-ml increase; OR 1.01, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.02, p = 0.012), and GGT >26.5 U/L (OR 2.59, 95% CI 1.48 to 4.53, p <0.001) were found as independent associates of CIN in multivariate regression analysis. Each 1 U/L increase in GGT was also associated with CIN risk (OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.06, p <0.001). In conclusion, GGT on admission was a significant and independent predictor of CIN after PPCI in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. PMID:26116992

  2. Predictors of success in selective laser trabeculoplasty for primary open angle glaucoma in Chinese

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Jacky WY; Liu, Catherine CL; Chan, Jonathan CH; Wong, Raymond LM; Wong, Ian YH; Lai, Jimmy SM

    2014-01-01

    Purpose To determine the predictors of success for adjuvant selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) in Chinese primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) patients. Methods This prospective study recruited Chinese subjects with unilateral or bilateral POAG currently taking medication to reduce intraocular pressure (IOP). All subjects received a single session of 360° SLT treatment and continued their medications for 1 month. SLT success was defined as IOP reduction ?20% at 1 month. The following covariates were analyzed in both groups via univariate and multivariate analyses: age, sex, lens status, initial IOPs, post-SLT IOPs, number and type of medications, SLT shots and energy, and pre-SLT investigations. Results In 51 eyes of 33 POAG subjects, the success rate of SLT was 47.1%. Certain groups of patients were associated with greater success using univariate analysis. These groups included the following: older age (coefficient =0.1; OR: 1.1; P=0.0003), a higher pre-SLT IOP (coefficient =0.3; OR: 1.3; P=0.0005), using four types of antiglaucoma medication (coefficient =2.1; OR: 8.4; P=0.005), a greater degree of spherical equivalent (coefficient =2.1; OR: 8.4; P=0.005), and the use of a topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitor (coefficient =1.7; OR: 6.0; P=0.003). None of the covariates were significant using multivariate analysis. Conclusion Older age, a higher pretreatment IOP, using multiple antiglaucoma medications especially topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, and higher refractive errors were associated with greater SLT success. PMID:25228796

  3. Trophic Interactions during Primary Succession: Herbivores Slow a Plant Reinvasion at Mount St. Helens.

    PubMed

    Fagan; Bishop

    2000-02-01

    Lupines (Lupinus lepidus var. lobbii), the earliest plant colonists of primary successional habitats at Mount St. Helens, were expected to strongly affect successional trajectories through facilitative effects. However, their effects remain localized because initially high rates of reinvasive spread were short lived, despite widespread habitat availability. We experimentally tested whether insect herbivores, by reducing plant growth and fecundity at the edge of the expanding lupine population, could curtail the rate of reinvasion and whether those herbivores had comparable impacts in the older, more successionally advanced core region. We found that removing insect herbivores increased both the areal growth of individual lupine plants and the production of new plants in the edge region, thereby accelerating the lupine's intrinsic rate of increase at the front of the lupine reinvasion. We found no such impacts of herbivory in the core region, where low plant quality or a complex of recently arrived natural enemies may hold herbivores in check. In the context of invasion theory, herbivore-mediated decreases in lupine population growth rate in the edge region translate into decreased rates of lupine spread, which we quantify here using diffusion models. In the Mount St. Helens system, decreased rate of lupine reinvasion will result in reductions in rates of soil formation, nitrogen input, and entrapment of seeds and detritus that are likely to postpone or alter trajectories of primary succession. If the type of spatial subtleties in herbivore effects we found here are common, with herbivory focused on the edge of an expanding plant population and suppressed or ineffective in the larger, denser central region (where the plants might be more readily noticed and studied), then insect herbivores may have stronger impacts on the dynamics of primary succession and plant invasions than previously recognized. PMID:10686163

  4. Bryophyte-Cyanobacteria Associations during Primary Succession in Recently Deglaciated Areas of Tierra del Fuego (Chile)

    PubMed Central

    Arróniz-Crespo, María; Pérez-Ortega, Sergio; De los Ríos, Asunción; Green, T. G. Allan; Ochoa-Hueso, Raúl; Casermeiro, Miguel Ángel; de la Cruz, María Teresa; Pintado, Ana; Palacios, David; Rozzi, Ricardo; Tysklind, Niklas; Sancho, Leopoldo G.

    2014-01-01

    Bryophyte establishment represents a positive feedback process that enhances soil development in newly exposed terrain. Further, biological nitrogen (N) fixation by cyanobacteria in association with mosses can be an important supply of N to terrestrial ecosystems, however the role of these associations during post-glacial primary succession is not yet fully understood. Here, we analyzed chronosequences in front of two receding glaciers with contrasting climatic conditions (wetter vs drier) at Cordillera Darwin (Tierra del Fuego) and found that most mosses had the capacity to support an epiphytic flora of cyanobacteria and exhibited high rates of N2 fixation. Pioneer moss-cyanobacteria associations showed the highest N2 fixation rates (4.60 and 4.96 µg N g?1 bryo. d?1) very early after glacier retreat (4 and 7 years) which may help accelerate soil development under wetter conditions. In drier climate, N2 fixation on bryophyte-cyanobacteria associations was also high (0.94 and 1.42 µg N g?1 bryo. d?1) but peaked at intermediate-aged sites (26 and 66 years). N2 fixation capacity on bryophytes was primarily driven by epiphytic cyanobacteria abundance rather than community composition. Most liverworts showed low colonization and N2 fixation rates, and mosses did not exhibit consistent differences across life forms and habitat (saxicolous vs terricolous). We also found a clear relationship between cyanobacteria genera and the stages of ecological succession, but no relationship was found with host species identity. Glacier forelands in Tierra del Fuego show fast rates of soil transformation which imply large quantities of N inputs. Our results highlight the potential contribution of bryophyte-cyanobacteria associations to N accumulation during post-glacial primary succession and further describe the factors that drive N2-fixation rates in post-glacial areas with very low N deposition. PMID:24819926

  5. Bryophyte-cyanobacteria associations during primary succession in recently Deglaciated areas of Tierra del Fuego (Chile).

    PubMed

    Arróniz-Crespo, María; Pérez-Ortega, Sergio; De Los Ríos, Asunción; Green, T G Allan; Ochoa-Hueso, Raúl; Casermeiro, Miguel Ángel; de la Cruz, María Teresa; Pintado, Ana; Palacios, David; Rozzi, Ricardo; Tysklind, Niklas; Sancho, Leopoldo G

    2014-01-01

    Bryophyte establishment represents a positive feedback process that enhances soil development in newly exposed terrain. Further, biological nitrogen (N) fixation by cyanobacteria in association with mosses can be an important supply of N to terrestrial ecosystems, however the role of these associations during post-glacial primary succession is not yet fully understood. Here, we analyzed chronosequences in front of two receding glaciers with contrasting climatic conditions (wetter vs drier) at Cordillera Darwin (Tierra del Fuego) and found that most mosses had the capacity to support an epiphytic flora of cyanobacteria and exhibited high rates of N2 fixation. Pioneer moss-cyanobacteria associations showed the highest N2 fixation rates (4.60 and 4.96 µg N g-1 bryo. d-1) very early after glacier retreat (4 and 7 years) which may help accelerate soil development under wetter conditions. In drier climate, N2 fixation on bryophyte-cyanobacteria associations was also high (0.94 and 1.42 µg N g-1 bryo. d-1) but peaked at intermediate-aged sites (26 and 66 years). N2 fixation capacity on bryophytes was primarily driven by epiphytic cyanobacteria abundance rather than community composition. Most liverworts showed low colonization and N2 fixation rates, and mosses did not exhibit consistent differences across life forms and habitat (saxicolous vs terricolous). We also found a clear relationship between cyanobacteria genera and the stages of ecological succession, but no relationship was found with host species identity. Glacier forelands in Tierra del Fuego show fast rates of soil transformation which imply large quantities of N inputs. Our results highlight the potential contribution of bryophyte-cyanobacteria associations to N accumulation during post-glacial primary succession and further describe the factors that drive N2-fixation rates in post-glacial areas with very low N deposition. PMID:24819926

  6. Mycorrhizal fungal growth responds to soil characteristics, but not host plant identity, during a primary lacustrine dune succession

    E-print Network

    Sikes, Benjamin A.; Maherali, Hafiz; Klironomos, John N.

    2013-10-19

    Soil factors and host plant identity can both affect the growth and functioning of mycorrhizal fungi. Both components change during primary succession, but it is unknown if their relative importance to mycorrhizas also changes. This research tested...

  7. Percutaneous catheter balloons: failure to deflate.

    PubMed

    Schneider, J R; Johnsrude, I S; Lund, G; Rysavy, J; Anderson, R W; Amplatz, K

    1985-06-01

    Three examples of permanently inflated transluminal catheter balloons are presented. Two of these occurred during attempted percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. Nonsurgical solutions, which were successful in each case, are described. Percutaneous puncture with a needle or a larger diameter coaxial catheter under fluoroscopic guidance may be useful when this complication occurs during attempted balloon angioplasty or embolization with proximal balloon occlusion in large vessels. PMID:3159040

  8. Efficacy of Adenosine in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A PRISMA-Compliant Meta-Analysis.

    PubMed

    Gao, Qijun; Yang, Bo; Guo, Yi; Zheng, Feng

    2015-08-01

    Whether adenosine offers cardioprotective effects when used as an adjunctive therapy for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains controversial.To evaluate, via meta-analysis, the efficacy of adenosine in patients with AMI undergoing PCI.Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials.RCTs of patients with AMI undergoing primary PCI, comparing adenosine treatment and placebo groups and reporting mortality, thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade, myocardial blush grade (MBG), re-infarction, left-ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), ST-segment elevation resolution (STR), recurrent angina, or heart failure (HF).Risk of bias was assessed by the Cochrane guidelines and publication bias by Egger's test. For studies reported in multiple publications, the most complete publication was used. Arms using different dosing schedules were merged. Mean differences (MDs) or risk ratios (RRs) were determined.Data were extracted from 15 RCTs involving 1736 patients. Compared with placebo, adenosine therapy was associated with fewer occurrences of heart failure (RR: 0.65, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.43-0.97, P[REPLACEMENT CHARACTER]=[REPLACEMENT CHARACTER]0.03) and no-reflow (TIMI flow grade <3, RR: 0.62, 95% CI: 0.45-0.85, P[REPLACEMENT CHARACTER]=[REPLACEMENT CHARACTER]0.003; MBG[REPLACEMENT CHARACTER]=[REPLACEMENT CHARACTER]0-1, RR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.67-0.98, P[REPLACEMENT CHARACTER]=[REPLACEMENT CHARACTER]0.03), more occurrences of STR (RR: 1.19, 95% CI: 1.07-1.31, P[REPLACEMENT CHARACTER]<[REPLACEMENT CHARACTER]0.00001), but no overall improvement of LVEF (MD: 2.29, 95% CI: -0.09 to 4.67, P[REPLACEMENT CHARACTER]=[REPLACEMENT CHARACTER]0.06). Adenosine improved LVEF in the intravenous subgroup and the regular-dose intracoronary (IC) subgroup (0.24-2.25[REPLACEMENT CHARACTER]mg) compared with placebo (MD: 2.68, 95% CI: 0.66-4.70, P[REPLACEMENT CHARACTER]=[REPLACEMENT CHARACTER]0.009). Adenosine was associated with a poorer LVEF in the high-dose (4-6[REPLACEMENT CHARACTER]mg) IC subgroup (MD: -2.40; 95% CI: -4.72 to -0.09, P[REPLACEMENT CHARACTER]=[REPLACEMENT CHARACTER]0.04). There was no significant evidence that adenosine reduced rates of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality or re-infarction after PCI.Adenosine dosage and administration routes, baseline profiles, and endpoints differed among included RCTs. Performance, publication, and reporting biases remain possible.Adenosine therapy appears to improve several outcomes in patients with AMI after PCI, but there is no evidence that adenosine can reduce mortality rates. PMID:26266362

  9. A Study on the Playing of Computer Games, Class Success and Attitudes of Parents to Primary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pepe, Kadir

    2011-01-01

    This study is a descriptive study based on the screening model, and was conducted in order to inquire the effect of games and the relation between gender and class success variables and game preferences in primary school students. The universe of the study was the primary schools in city center in Province of Burdur and the sample group of the…

  10. Public and Private School Distinction, Regional Development Differences, and Other Factors Influencing the Success of Primary School Students in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sulku, Seher Nur; Abdioglu, Zehra

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates the factors influencing the success of students in primary schools in Turkey. TIMSS 2011 data for Turkey, measuring the success of eighth-grade students in the field of mathematics, were used in an econometric analysis, performed using classical linear regression models. Two hundred thirty-nine schools participated in the…

  11. -Limits to convergence of vegetation during early primary succession -479 Journal of Vegetation Science 18: 479-488, 2007

    E-print Network

    del Moral, Roger

    to similar composition over time? Location: A ridge between 1218 and 1468 m on Mount St. Helens, Washington proximity. Keywords:Ecoinformatics;Long-termpermanentplot;Mount St. Helens; Primary succession; Succession The cataclysmic 18 May 1980 lateral eruption of Mount St. Helens,Washington provided a unique chance to explore

  12. Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Vein Access for Placement of Broviac Catheters in Extremely Low Birth Weight Neonates: A Series of 3 Successful Cases.

    PubMed

    Dambkowski, Carl L; Abrajano, Claire T; Wall, James

    2015-11-01

    As medical and surgical interventions to support premature infants have evolved, the need for long-term vascular access in extremely low birth weight infants has increased. The classic approach to Broviac(®) (C.R. Bard, Covington, GA) catheter placement in very small neonates has been through an open surgical cutdown technique. Ultrasound guidance has emerged as a potentially beneficial method for obtaining central venous access in children and is being applied to smaller and smaller infants. This case series reports the feasibility of using ultrasound-guided percutaneous vein access to obtain a long-term central venous line in three extremely low birth weight infants who all weighed less than 850?g at the time of line placement. PMID:26288340

  13. Successful percutaneous management of bronchobiliary fistula after radiofrequency ablation of metastatic cholangiocarcinoma in a patient who has a postoperative stricture of hepaticojejunostomy site.

    PubMed

    Jung, Gum O; Park, Dong Eun

    2012-08-01

    Bronchobiliary fistula (BBF) is a rare condition that is defined as an abnormal communication between the biliary system and bronchial tree. Furthermore, a BBF is an extremely rare complication of radiofrequency ablation (RFA). A 54 year-old man with a history of extrahepatic biliary cancer had been suffering with a benign stricture of hepaticojejunostomy site and was treated with RFA for metastatic cholangicarcinoma. In this report, we describe a patient with BBF complicated by an abscess which occurred after RFA. He was treated by placement of external drainage catheter into the liver abscess and percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) into the right intrahepatic duct. After 6 weeks, a complete obliteration of the BBF was confirmed by a repeated follow-up of computed tomography scan and cholangiography through PTBD. PMID:26388918

  14. Current Status of Percutaneous Endografting.

    PubMed

    Patel, Parag J; Kelly, Quinton; Hieb, Robert A; Lee, Cheong Jun

    2015-09-01

    Totally percutaneous endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (PEVAR) using suture-mediated closure devices (SMCDs) has several well-established advantages over standard open femoral exposure as a direct consequence of being less invasive and having shorter times to hemostasis and procedure completion. The first multicenter randomized controlled trial designed to assess the safety and efficacy of PEVAR and to compare percutaneous access with standard open femoral exposure was recently published (the PEVAR trial). The PEVAR trial demonstrated that percutaneous endografting is safe, effective, and noninferior to standard open femoral exposure among trained operators. The study reaffirmed the results of several recent single center and nonrandomized studies, demonstrating that percutaneous access facilitated shorter procedures, shorter times to secure hemostasis, and improved quality of life for patients. As PEVAR has gained popularity among patients and physicians, refinements to the technique and patient selection process have been made. There has been growing interest in treating patients with anatomical characteristics previously thought to be unsuitable for PEVAR, such as common femoral artery (CFA) calcifications, scarred groins, small CFA diameter, and high patient body mass index (BMI). However, observance of strict procedural technique and consideration for patient selection criteria remain paramount in achieving acceptable technical success rates with PEVAR. PMID:26327747

  15. Optimized basic conditions are essential for successful siRNA transfection into primary endothelial cells.

    PubMed

    Nolte, Andrea; Raabe, Claudia; Walker, Tobias; Simon, Perikles; Ziemer, Gerhard; Wendel, Hans Peter

    2009-06-01

    RNA interference (RNAi) is a powerful technique in basic research and has a high potential for therapeutic applications. To realize its clinical applicability, introduction of short double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) has to be carried out under physiological conditions. This study evaluates two cationic liposomal transfection reagents on the efficiency of successful silencing of primary human endothelial cells. Transfection efficiency was investigated under different conditions, for example different media during transfection, duration of transfection, siRNA concentration, and the use of serum and antibiotics. Viability after transfection was examined by CASY and MTT assay. Interferon response was examined by real-time PCR. First we revealed that transfection carried out in the presence of serum and antibiotics caused good knockdown results only by the use of the novel lipid cationic transfection reagent. Both lipid cations had slightly the same transfection efficiency over the range of 10-150 nM siRNA concentration. Examination of interferon response showed increasing OAS1 and STAT1 expression, but not as high as if the transfections were carried out with synthetic polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid double-stranded RNA (poly[IC]). The optimized combination of basic conditions for transfection significantly enhanced the efficiency of the siRNA-mediated knockdown, without causing toxicity or stimulation of the interferon pathway. PMID:19441891

  16. Percutaneous Cyanoacrylate Glue Injection into the Renal Pseudoaneurysm to Control Intractable Hematuria After Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

    SciTech Connect

    Lal, Anupam Kumar, Ajay; Prakash, Mahesh; Singhal, Manphool; Agarwal, Mayank Mohan; Sarkar, Debansu; Khandelwal, Niranjan

    2009-07-15

    We report a case of a 43-year-old man who developed intractable hematuria after percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Angiography detected a pseudoaneurysm arising from the lower polar artery; however, embolization could not be performed because of unfavorable vascular anatomy. A percutaneous thrombin injection under ultrasound guidance initially controlled the bleeding, but hematuria subsequently recurred as a result of recanalization of the aneurysm. The case was successfully managed with ultrasound- and fluoroscopic-guided direct injection of cyanoacrylate glue into the pseudoaneurysm.

  17. Value of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in Guidance of Percutaneous Biopsy in Peripheral Pulmonary Lesions

    PubMed Central

    Dong, Yi; Mao, Feng; Wang, Wen-Ping; Ji, Zhen-Biao; Fan, Pei-Li

    2015-01-01

    Objectives. To investigate the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in guidance of percutaneous biopsy in peripheral pulmonary lesions. Methods. This study focused on 53 patients (male: 38, female: 15, and mean age: 55.7 years ± 10.7) with 53 single peripheral pulmonary lesions. Before core needle (16-gauge) percutaneous biopsy, CEUS were performed in all lesions, with injection of 2.4?mL SonoVue (Bracco, Italy). The contrast-enhancement pattern, display rate of internal necrosis (nonenhanced) and active (obviously enhanced) areas, biopsy success rate, and pathological diagnosis rate were recorded. Results. All the peripheral pulmonary lesions were proved pathologically as benign lesions (n = 7), primary malignancies (n = 41), or metastasis (n = 5). Forty (86.9%) malignant lesions and 4 (57.1%) benign lesions showed internal necrosis areas on CEUS. The detection rate and average size of internal necrosis areas had been significantly improved compared to conventional ultrasound (P < 0.05). After CEUS, core needle percutaneous biopsies were performed successfully in the active areas of all lesions. The sampling success rate and pathological diagnosis rate were 100% and 98.1%. Conclusions. CEUS before biopsy provided useful diagnostic information about peripheral pulmonary lesions. By depicting internal necrotic and active areas, it is a promising technique for guaranteeing the accuracy, success, and safety of core needle biopsy. PMID:26576426

  18. Effect of 5E Instructional Model in Student Success in Primary School 6th Year Circulatory System Topic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cardak, Osman; Dikmenli, Musa; Saritas, Ozge

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study is to research the effect of the 5E instructional model on primary (sixth grade) student success during the circulatory system unit. This study was conducted with 38 students in two different classes by the same researcher in 2006-2007. One of the classes was assigned as the control group and the other as the experimental…

  19. Percutaneous removal of ureteral calculi: clinical and experimental results.

    PubMed

    Hunter, D W; Castaneda-Zuniga, W R; Young, A T; Cardella, J; Lund, G; Rysavy, J A; Hulbert, J; Lange, P; Reedy, P; Amplatz, K

    1985-08-01

    Between May 1983 and October 1984, 51 patients who had 68 ureteral stones underwent treatment at the University of Minnesota. All 68 stones were removed successfully using percutaneous techniques. The 100% success rate is a great improvement over previous results at our institution. The primary factors appear to be the development of the retrograde-flush technique, familiarity with and access to a wider range of methods, and the increasing use of the retrograde ureterorenoscope to see stones in the lower ureter. The average patient was a 45-year-old man who had no other medical problems. The average hospital stay was 6.8 days. Experimental studies with dogs indicate that injection rates of up to 30 ml/sec of contrast material through a retrograde catheter in the ureter are safe if a vent is present in the upper collecting system. PMID:4011895

  20. Impact of pre-procedural cardiopulmonary instability in patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (from the Harmonizing Outcomes With Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial).

    PubMed

    Brener, Sorin J; Brodie, Bruce R; Guerchicoff, Alejandra; Witzenbichler, Bernhard; Guagliumi, Giulio; Xu, Ke; Mehran, Roxana; Stone, Gregg W

    2014-10-01

    Rapid reperfusion with primary percutaneous coronary intervention improves survival in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Preprocedural cardiopulmonary instability and adverse events (IAE) may delay reperfusion time and worsen prognosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation between preprocedural cardiopulmonary IAE, door-to-balloon time (DBT), and outcomes in the Harmonizing Outcomes With Revascularization and Stents in AMI (HORIZONS-AMI) trial. Preprocedural cardiopulmonary IAE included sustained ventricular or supraventricular tachycardia or fibrillation requiring cardioversion or defibrillation, heart block or bradycardia requiring pacemaker implantation, severe hypotension requiring vasopressors or intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation, respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Three-year outcomes of patients with and without IAE according to DBT were compared. Among 3,602 patients, 159 (4.4%) had ?1 IAE. DBT did not differ significantly in patients with and without IAE; however, patients with IAE were less likely to have Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) grade 3 flow after percutaneous coronary intervention. Mortality at 3 years was significantly higher in patients with versus those without IAE (17.0% vs 6.3%, p<0.0001), and IAE was an independent predictor of mortality, whereas DBT was not. However, a significant interaction was present such that 3-year mortality was reduced in patients with DBT<99 minutes (the median) versus ?99 minutes to a greater extent in patients with IAE (9.9% vs 20.7%, hazard ratio 0.43, 95% confidence interval 0.16 to 1.16) compared with those without IAE (5.0% vs 7.2%, hazard ratio 0.69, 95% confidence interval 0.50 to 0.95) (p for interaction=0.004). In conclusion, IAE before PCI is an independent predictor of death and identifies a high-risk group in whom faster reperfusion may be particularly important to improve survival. PMID:25118121

  1. Percutaneous discectomy for the treatment of bacterial discitis.

    PubMed

    Gebhard, J S; Brugman, J L

    1994-04-01

    METHODS. Percutaneous discectomy was successfully used to diagnose and treat bacterial discitis. CONCLUSIONS. This technique was successful in obtaining a bacteriologic diagnosis, relieving the patient's symptoms and assisting in the eradication of the infection. With percutaneous discectomy, there is lower morbidity and cost than with open treatment. Any comments on the overall effectiveness of this technique will need to be based on additional cases. PMID:8202810

  2. Organizational Culture in a Successful Primary School: An Ethnographic Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Negis-Isik, Ayse; Gursel, Musa

    2013-01-01

    Even though they are perceived similar from outside, all schools have distinct characteristics and a culture that differ them from other schools. School culture, is one of the important factors that play role in school efficiency and success. The purpose of this study was to examine the culture of a successful school profoundly. This study was a…

  3. Interaction of plant and earthworm during primary succession in heaps after coal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roubí?ková, Alena; Frouz, Jan

    2015-04-01

    These results of field manipulation experiment show that earthworms can remarkably influence vegetation succession on spoil heaps, namely promoting grasses and late succession species. This is in agreement with concurrent appearance of earthworms and some plant species typical for late-succession communities of meadows and forests aren't purely coincidental. On the other hand, facilitation of soil conditions by plant communities during succession is an important factor in earthworm distribution on the spoil heaps; earthworms showed a low survival on sites with sparse vegetation cover and thin litter layer, which means that their occurrence in certain stages of succession isn't determined only by migration abilities or passive dispersal. More field experiments are needed to test if earthworms could be used in directed succession management practices to speed up the natural rate of succession. Preliminary results from an experiment with introduction earthworms to a 20- year old, earthworm-free site indicate that colonization of this site from a single deposition of about 100 specimen of epigeic and 100 endogeic earthworms is slow and not very efficient. Results show that interaction between earthworm and vegetation are important in ecosystem development in post mining sites.

  4. Long-term prognostic value of admission haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Akgul, Ozgur; Cakmak, Huseyin Altug; Erturk, Mehmet; Surgit, Ozgur; Celik, Omer; Ozturk, Derya; Uzun, Fatih; Akkaya, Emre; Yildirim, Ayd?n

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Many studies have reported the diagnostic and prognostic value of haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels in patients with acute coronary syndrome. However, the short- and long-term prognostic value of HbA1c level in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is controversial. Aim To investigate whether admission HbA1c level has a prognostic value for in-hospital, short-, and long-term cardiovascular (CV) mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI. Material and methods This prospective study included 443 consecutive patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI between September 2010 and July 2012. The patients were divided into three groups based on admission HbA1c levels: group I (HbA1c ? 5.6%), group II (HbA1c 5.7–6.4%), and group III (HbA1c ? 6.5%). The in-hospital, 1-month, and 1-year CV events of all 3 patient groups were followed up. Results A significant association was found between HbA1c level and 1-year primary clinical outcomes, including CV mortality, non-fatal reinfarction, and stroke (p = 0.037). In addition, age, Killip class > 1, and left ventricular ejection fraction were found to be independent predictors of long-term CV mortality in multivariate analysis (hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) 1.081 (1.020–1.146), 4.182 (1.171–14.935), and 0.832 (0.752–0.920); p = 0.009, p = 0.028, and p < 0.001, respectively). Conclusions In this study, we demonstrated that increased admission HbA1c levels were associated with higher rates of major adverse CV events, including mortality, non-fatal reinfarction, and stroke, in patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI. PMID:25489302

  5. Long-term changes in soil microbial communities during primary succession

    E-print Network

    Cutler, Nick A.; Chaput, Dominique L.; van der Gast, Christopher J.

    2013-12-06

    succession has been observed before: Osana and Trofymow (2012), for 518 example, reported succession in saprotrophic fungi living in moss, but this process has not, 519 to our knowledge, been observed on a timescale of centuries. 520 521 20... mycorrhizal associations over time (Bardgett et al., 2005). Jumpponen (2003) hypothesised 530 that early successional communities would be dominated by saprotrophic Ascomycetes and 531 Basidiomycetes, whereas fungal communities on older substrates would...

  6. Accumulation of nitrogen and organic matter during primary succession of Leymus arenarius dunes on the volcanic island Surtsey, Iceland

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stefansdottir, G.; Aradottir, A. L.; Sigurdsson, B. D.

    2014-05-01

    The volcanic island of Surtsey has been a natural laboratory where the primary succession of flora and fauna has been monitored, since it emerged from the N-Atlantic Ocean in 1963. We quantified the accumulation rates of nitrogen (N) and soil organic matter (SOM) in a 37 year long chronosequence of Leymus arenarius dunes in order to illuminate the spatiotemporal patterns in their build-up in primary succession. The Leymus dune area, volume and height grew exponentially over time. Aboveground plant biomass, cover or number of shoots per unit area did not change significantly with time, but root biomass accumulated with time, giving a root-shoot ratio of 19. The dunes accumulated on average 6.6 kg N ha-1 year-1, which was 3.5 times more than is received annually by atmospheric deposition. The extensive root system of Leymus seems to effectively retain and accumulate large part of the annual N deposition, not only deposition directly on the dunes but also from the adjacent unvegetated areas. SOM per unit area increased exponentially with dune age, but the accumulation of roots, aboveground biomass and SOM was more strongly linked to soil N than time: 1 g m-2 increase in soil N led on the average to 6 kg C m-2 increase in biomass and SOM. The Leymus dunes, where most of the N has been accumulated, will therefore probably act as hot-spots for further primary succession of flora and fauna on the tephra sands of Surtsey.

  7. Clinical Success Rate of Compomer and Amalgam Class II Restorations in First Primary Molars: A Two-year Study.

    PubMed

    Ghaderi, Faezeh; Mardani, Ali

    2015-01-01

    Background and aims. The majority of failures in Class II amalgam restorations occur in the first primary molar teeth; in addition, use of compomer instead of amalgam for primary molar teeth restorations is a matter of concern. The aim ofthe present study was to compare the success rate of Class II compomer and amalgam restorations in the first primary molars. Materials and methods. A total of 17 amalgams and 17 compomer restorations were placed in 17 children based on a split-mouth design. Restorations were assessed at 12- and 24-month intervals for marginal integrity, the anatomic form and recurrent caries. Data were analyzed with SPSS 11. Chi-squared test was applied for the analysis. Statistical significance was set at P<0.05. Results. A total 34 restorations of 28 restorations (14 pairs) of the total restorations still survived after 24 months. Compomerrestorations showed significantly better results in marginal integrity. Recurrent caries was significantly lower incompomer restorations compared to amalgam restorations. Cumulative success rate at 24-month interval was significantlyhigher in compomer restorations compared to amalgam restorations. There was no statistically significant difference inanatomic form between the two materials. Conclusion. Compomer appears to be a suitable alternative to amalgam for Class II restorations in the first primary mo-lars. PMID:26236434

  8. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy: Current concepts

    PubMed Central

    Vicentini, Fabio C.; Gomes, Cristiano Mendes; Danilovic, Alexandre; Neto, Elias A. Chedid; Mazzucchi, Eduardo; Srougi, Miguel

    2009-01-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) is the procedure of choice for large renal stones. Since its introduction in 1976, many aspects of the operative technique and the endoscopic equipments have had constant evolution, increasing the success rates of the procedure. We performed a literature search using Entrez Pubmed from January 2000 to July 2007 concerning PNL and many aspects related to all steps of the procedure. We could verify that PNL in supine position has been proved as an acceptable option, but more worldwide experience is necessary. Urologists must be trained to gain their own renal tract access. Minipercutaneous PNL still needs equipments improvements for better results. Tubeless PNL is increasing in popularity and different tract sealants have been studied. Medical prevention is proved to be effective against stone recurrence and should be always used after PNL. Although the evolution of the technique in the last 20 years, urologists must continue to improve their skills and develop new technologies to offer to the patients more and more a safe and effective option to treat large renal stones. PMID:19468422

  9. Embolic Protection Devices in Saphenous Vein Graft and Native Vessel Percutaneous Intervention: A Review

    PubMed Central

    Sturm, Eron; Goldberg, David; Goldberg, Sheldon

    2012-01-01

    The clinical benefit of percutaneous intervention (PCI) depends on both angiographic success at the site of intervention as well as the restoration of adequate microvascular perfusion. Saphenous vein graft intervention is commonly associated with evidence of distal plaque embolization, which is correlated with worse clinical outcomes. Despite successful epicardial intervention in the acute MI patient treated with primary PCI, distal tissue perfusion may still be absent in up to 25% of cases [1-3]. Multiple devices and pharmacologic regimens have been developed and refined in an attempt to protect the microvascular circulation during both saphenous vein graft intervention and primary PCI in the acute MI setting. We will review the evidence for various techniques for embolic protection of the distal myocardium during saphenous vein graft PCI and primary PCI in the native vessel. PMID:22920490

  10. LUPINE EFFECTS ON SOIL QUALITY AND FUNCTION DURING PRIMARY SUCCESSION AT MOUNT ST. HELENS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Lupines, early legume colonists of Mount St. Helens pyroclastic flows, are important mediators of above and belowground succession because they are sources of C and N that impact soil genesis, establishment of other plant species and soil microbial communities. Rates of N2 fixation by lupines can va...

  11. vol. 155, no. 2 the american naturalist february 2000 Trophic Interactions during Primary Succession: Herbivores

    E-print Network

    Fagan, William

    Succession: Herbivores Slow a Plant Reinvasion at Mount St. Helens William F. Fagan1,2,* and John G. Bishop3 and whether those herbivores had comparable impacts in the older, more successionally advanced core region. We found that removing insect herbivores increased both the areal growth of individual lupine plants

  12. Planning for Leadership Succession: Creating a Talent Pool in Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brundrett, Mark; Rhodes, Christopher; Gkolia, Chrysanthi

    2006-01-01

    This article reports on a study that was funded by the National College for School Leadership in order to explore practices, drivers and barriers to leadership talent identification, leadership development, leadership succession planning and leadership retention within a group of contextually different schools. The article offers two narratives…

  13. Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Education Videos Questions to Ask Your MD Endoscopy Unit Recognition Program Screen4coloncancer.org About Colonoscopy Facts About Common Colon Cancer Screening Tests PATIENTS Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG) What is a ...

  14. [Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG)].

    PubMed

    Rosenbaum, Anika; Riemann, Jürgen F; Schilling, Dieter

    2015-07-01

    Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy represents a standard for long-term enteral nutrition. In our detailed instructions indications and contra-indications of the method are listed and the correct procedure is explained step-by-step. PMID:26182256

  15. Space Shuttle Program Primary Avionics Software System (PASS) Success Legacy - Quality and Reliability Date

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Orr, James K.; Peltier, Daryl

    2010-01-01

    Thsi slide presentation reviews the avionics software system on board the space shuttle, with particular emphasis on the quality and reliability. The Primary Avionics Software System (PASS) provides automatic and fly-by-wire control of critical shuttle systems which executes in redundant computers. Charts given show the number of space shuttle flights vs time, PASS's development history, and other charts that point to the reliability of the system's development. The reliability of the system is also compared to predicted reliability.

  16. Gopher mounds decrease nutrient cycling rates and increase adjacent vegetation in volcanic primary succession.

    PubMed

    Yurkewycz, Raymond P; Bishop, John G; Crisafulli, Charles M; Harrison, John A; Gill, Richard A

    2014-12-01

    Fossorial mammals may affect nutrient dynamics and vegetation in recently initiated primary successional ecosystems differently than in more developed systems because of strong C and N limitation to primary productivity and microbial communities. We investigated northern pocket gopher (Thomomys talpoides) effects on soil nutrient dynamics, soil physical properties, and plant communities on surfaces created by Mount St. Helens' 1980 eruption. For comparison to later successional systems, we summarized published studies on gopher effects on soil C and N and plant communities. In 2010, 18 years after gopher colonization, we found that gophers were active in ~2.5% of the study area and formed ~328 mounds ha(-1). Mounds exhibited decreased species density compared to undisturbed areas, while plant abundance on mound margins increased 77%. Plant burial increased total soil carbon (TC) by 13% and nitrogen (TN) by 11%, compared to undisturbed soils. Mound crusts decreased water infiltration, likely explaining the lack of detectable increases in rates of NO3-N, NH4-N or PO4-P leaching out of the rooting zone or in CO2 flux rates. We concluded that plant burial and reduced infiltration on gopher mounds may accelerate soil carbon accumulation, facilitate vegetation development at mound edges through resource concentration and competitive release, and increase small-scale heterogeneity of soils and communities across substantial sections of the primary successional landscape. Our review indicated that increases in TC, TN and plant density at mound margins contrasted with later successional systems, likely due to differences in physical effects and microbial resources between primary successional and older systems. PMID:25260998

  17. Successful childhood obesity management in primary care in Canada: what are the odds?

    PubMed Central

    Kuhle, Stefan; Doucette, Rachel; Piccinini-Vallis, Helena

    2015-01-01

    Background. The management of a child presenting with obesity in a primary care setting can be viewed as a multi-step behavioral process with many perceived and actual barriers for families and primary care providers. In order to achieve the goal of behavior change and, ultimately, clinically meaningful weight management outcomes in a child who is considered obese, all steps in this process should ideally be completed. We sought to review the evidence for completing each step, and to estimate the population effect of secondary prevention of childhood obesity in Canada. Methods. Data from the 2009/2010 Canadian Community Health Survey and from a review of the literature were used to estimate the probabilities for completion of each step. A flow chart based on these probabilities was used to determine the proportion of children with obesity that would undergo and achieve clinically meaningful weight management outcomes each year in Canada. Results. We estimated that the probability of a child in Canada who presents with obesity achieving clinically meaningful weight management outcomes through secondary prevention in primary care is around 0.6% per year, with a range from 0.01% to 7.2% per year. The lack of accessible and effective weight management programs appeared to be the most important bottleneck in the process. Conclusions. In order to make progress towards supporting effective pediatric obesity management, efforts should focus on population-based primary prevention and a systems approach to change our obesogenic society, alongside the allocation of resources toward weight management approaches that are comprehensively offered, equitably distributed and robustly evaluated. PMID:26623175

  18. Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment of Chronic Iliac Artery Occlusion

    SciTech Connect

    Carnevale, F. C. De Blas, Mariano; Merino, Santiago; Egana, Jose M.; Caldas, Jose G.M.P.

    2004-09-15

    Purpose: To evaluate the clinical and radiological long-term results of recanalization of chronic occluded iliac arteries with balloon angioplasty and stent placement.Methods: Sixty-nine occluded iliac arteries (mean length 8.1 cm; range 4-16 cm) in 67 patients were treated by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stent placement. Evaluations included clinical assesment according to Fontaine stages, Doppler examinations with ankle-brachial index (ABI) and bilateral lower extremity arteriograms. Wallstent and Cragg vascular stents were inserted for iliac artery recanalization under local anesthesia. Follow-up lasted 1-83 months (mean 29.5 months).Results: Technical success rate was 97.1% (67 of 69). The mean ABI increased from 0.46 to 0.85 within 30 days after treatment and was 0.83 at the most recent follow-up. Mean hospitalization time was 2 days and major complications included arterial thrombosis (3%), arterial rupture (3%) and distal embolization (1%). During follow-up 6% stenosis and 9% thrombosis of the stents were observed. Clinical improvement occurred in 92% of patients. Primary and secondary patency rates were 75% and 95%, respectively.Conclusion: The long-term patency rates and clinical benefits suggest that percutaneous endovascular revascularization with metallic stents is a safe and effective treatment for patients with chronic iliac artery occlusion.

  19. Thermal Protection during Percutaneous Thermal Ablation of Renal Cell Carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Kam, Anthony W.; Littrup, Peter J.; Walther, McClellan M.; Hvizda, Julia; Wood, Bradford J.

    2008-01-01

    Thermal injury to collateral structures is a known complication of thermal ablation of tumors. The authors present the use of CO2 dissection and inserted balloons to protect the bowel during percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation and cryotherapy of primary and locally recurrent renal cell carcinoma. These techniques offer the potential to increase the number of tumors that can be treated with RF ablation or cryotherapy from a percutaneous approach. PMID:15231890

  20. Percutaneous Decortication of Cystic Renal Disease

    PubMed Central

    Tehranchi, Ali

    2011-01-01

    Purpose To assess the efficacy of percutaneous unroofing in the treatment of simple renal cysts instead of laparoscopic decortication and open surgeries. Materials and Methods From November 2009 to October 2010 at our department, 11 patients with 12 simple cyst units were managed by percutaneous unroofing. All cysts were evaluated with ultrasonography and abdominal computed tomography. If there were no contraindications, cyst wall resection was performed. A standard transurethral resectoscope was used to resect the cyst wall, and the parenchymal portion of the cyst was subsequently cauterized. The drain was left in place for 2 days. Results At the 5-month follow-up, patients were asked about their symptoms and ultrasonography was performed. From 12 cyst units, 8 were completely resolved, 3 were reduced to less than 50%, and 1 was persistent to near its original size. Success was defined as a more than 50% reduction in cyst volume. Conclusions Simple renal cysts can be safely managed by percutaneous unroofing with a success rate of more than 90%. This technique can offer several advantages over open surgery, such as decreased length of hospital stay, improved convalescence, and reduced risk of complications. Percutaneous resection also avoids the multiple trocar sites, extensive dissection, and technical difficulty associated with laparoscopy. PMID:22087364

  1. Ectopic Varices in the Gastrointestinal Tract: Short- and Long-Term Outcomes of Percutaneous Therapy

    SciTech Connect

    Macedo, Thanila A. Andrews, James C.; Kamath, Patrick S.

    2005-04-15

    To evaluate the results of percutaneous management of ectopic varices, a retrospective review was carried out of 14 patients (9 men, 5 women; mean age 58 years) who between 1992 and 2001 underwent interventional radiological techniques for management of bleeding ectopic varices. A history of prior abdominal surgery was present in 12 of 14 patients. The interval between the surgery and percutaneous intervention ranged from 2 to 38 years. Transhepatic portal venography confirmed ectopic varices to be the source of portal hypertension-related gastrointestinal bleeding. Embolization of the ectopic varices was performed by a transhepatic approach with coil embolization of the veins draining into the ectopic varices. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) was performed in the standard fashion. Eighteen procedures (12 primary coil embolizations, 1 primary TIPS, 2 re-embolizations, 3 secondary TIPS) were performed in 13 patients. One patient was not a candidate for percutaneous treatment. All interventions but one (re-embolization) were technically successful. In 2 of 18 interventions, re-bleeding occurred within 72 hr (both embolization patients). Recurrent bleeding (23 days to 27 months after initial intervention) was identified in 9 procedures (8 coil embolizations, 1 TIPS due to biliary fistula). One patient had TIPS revision because of ultrasound surveillance findings. New encephalopathy developed in 2 of 4 TIPS patients. Percutaneous coil embolization is a simple and safe treatment for bleeding ectopic varices; however, recurrent bleeding is frequent and reintervention often required. TIPS can offer good control of bleeding at the expense of a more complex procedure and associated risk of encephalopathy.

  2. Primary Care and Public Health Activities in Select US Health Centers: Documenting Successes, Barriers, and Lessons Learned

    PubMed Central

    Shi, Leiyu; Chowdhury, Joya; Sripipatana, Alek; Zhu, Jinsheng; Sharma, Ravi; Hayashi, A. Seiji; Daly, Charles A.; Tomoyasu, Naomi; Nair, Suma; Ngo-Metzger, Quyen

    2012-01-01

    Objectives. We examined primary care and public health activities among federally funded health centers, to better understand their successes, the barriers encountered, and the lessons learned. Methods. We used qualitative and quantitative methods to collect data from 9 health centers, stratified by administrative division, urban–rural location, and race/ethnicity of patients served. Descriptive data on patient and institutional characteristics came from the Uniform Data System, which collects data from all health centers annually. We administered questionnaires and conducted phone interviews with key informants. Results. Health centers performed well on primary care coordination and community orientation scales and reported conducting many essential public health activities. We identified specific needs for integrating primary care and public health: (1) more funding for collaborations and for addressing the social determinants of health, (2) strong leadership to champion collaborations, (3) trust building among partners, with shared missions and clear expectations of responsibilities, and (4) alignment and standardization of data collection, analysis, and exchange. Conclusions. Lessons learned from health centers should inform strategies to better integrate public health with primary care. PMID:22690975

  3. Primary succession of Acrididae (Orthoptera): Differences in displacement capacities in early and late colonizers of new habitats

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Picaud, F.; Petit, D. P.

    2007-07-01

    Rehabilitated mine sites are suitable environments for the study of primary ecological succession. Following the monitoring of Plant and Orthoptera communities for 4 years on 7 sites in the Limousin region (France), covering 9 years of rehabilitation, three grasshopper seres were defined. It is expected that these seres are conditioned by both displacement capacities and reproductive characteristics. This study compares by field experiments the jumping flights and walking speed of the most abundant Caelifera belonging to the defined seres. A strong link emerged between the successional stages, the distances covered by jumping flights and sexual dimorphism. Walking speed is poorly related to the successional stage. We show that the high density of some species, as observed in the medium stage of succession, significantly reduces the walking distance of late colonisers, suggesting a mechanism that reduces further colonisation.

  4. Percutaneous diode laser disc nucleoplasty

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Menchetti, P. P.; Longo, Leonardo

    2004-09-01

    The treatment of herniated disc disease (HNP) over the years involved different miniinvasive surgical options. The classical microsurgical approach has been substituted over the years both by endoscopic approach in which is possible to practice via endoscopy a laser thermo-discoplasty, both by percutaneous laser disc nucleoplasty. In the last ten years, the percutaneous laser disc nucleoplasty have been done worldwide in more than 40000 cases of HNP. Because water is the major component of the intervertebral disc, and in HNP pain is caused by the disc protrusion pressing against the nerve root, a 980 nm Diode laser introduced via a 22G needle under X-ray guidance and local anesthesia, vaporizes a small amount of nucleous polposus with a disc shrinkage and a relief of pressure on nerve root. Most patients get off the table pain free and are back to work in 5 to 7 days. Material and method: to date, 130 patients (155 cases) suffering for relevant symptoms therapy-resistant 6 months on average before consulting our department, have been treated. Eightyfour (72%) males and 46 (28%) females had a percutaneous laser disc nucleoplasty. The average age of patients operated was 48 years (22 - 69). The level of disc removal was L3/L4 in 12 cases, L4/L5 in 87 cases and L5/S1 in 56 cases. Two different levels were treated at the same time in 25 patients. Results: the success rate at a minimum follow-up of 6 months was 88% with a complication rate of 0.5%.

  5. Ultrasonic-Guided Percutaneous Injection of Pancreatic Pseudoaneurysm with Thrombin

    SciTech Connect

    Sparrow, Patrick Asquith, John; Chalmers, Nick

    2003-06-15

    Pancreatic pseudoaneurysm is a relatively uncommon complication of chronic pancreatitis, with an associated high mortality if rupture or hemorrhage occurs. We present a case of pancreatic pseudoaneurysm complicating pancreatitis which was successfully treated by direct percutaneous injection of thrombin into the aneurysmal sac. Follow-up at 8 weeks did not demonstrate recurrence. This case indicates that percutaneous thrombin injection offers effective treatment of visceral arterial pseudoaneurysms.

  6. [Minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolitholapaxy (MIP)].

    PubMed

    Nagele, U; Schilling, D; Anastasiadis, A G; Walcher, U; Sievert, K D; Merseburger, A S; Kuczyk, M; Stenzl, A

    2008-09-01

    Minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithopaxy (MIP) was developed to combine the excellent stone-free rates of the conventional percutaneous nephrolithopaxy (PCNL) technique with the low morbidity of the miniaturized PCNL (Mini-Perc) and, at the same time, achieve a high level of patient comfort. The procedure is characterized not only by the diameter of the miniaturized 18-Fr Amplatz sheath that was adopted from the Mini-Perc but also by the following features: ultrasound-guided puncture of the kidney; single-step dilatation of the access tract; ballistic lithotripsy; a low-pressure irrigation system together with stone retraction by irrigation with a specially designed nephroscope sheath, for the so-called vacuum cleaner effect; and a sealed and tubeless access tract with primary closure of the channel independent of hemorrhage and without a second-look procedure.The results of the first 57 patients demonstrate primary stone-free rates of 92.9% with operating times averaging 62 (25-123) min. Severe complications, such as sepsis or bleeding requiring blood transfusion, did not occur. The high and predictable stone-free rate and a low morbidity comparable to that of ureteroscopy and extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy make MIP an attractive option for patients and urologists. The "vacuum cleaner effect" with quick removal of stone fragments reduces operating time and prevents new stone formation by avoiding residual fragments. The direct and primary closure of the access tract increases patient comfort and is justified by the reintervention rate of less than 8% in the presented cohort.The lack of a need for second-look nephroscopies, the vacuum cleaner effect, improved patient comfort without nephrostomy tubes, as well as surgery times comparable to that of traditional PCNL demonstrate a consequent evolution of the Mini-Perc. MIP therefore represents a promising and future-oriented module in modern stone therapy. PMID:18709351

  7. Accumulation of nitrogen and organic matter during primary succession of Leymus arenarius dunes on the volcanic island Surtsey, Iceland

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stefansdottir, G.; Aradottir, A. L.; Sigurdsson, B. D.

    2014-10-01

    Initial soil development and enhanced nutrient retention are often important underlying environmental factors during primary succession. We quantified the accumulation rates of nitrogen (N) and soil organic matter (SOM) in a 37-year-long chronosequence of Leymus arenarius dunes on the pristine volcanic island Surtsey in order to illuminate the spatiotemporal patterns in their build-up. The Leymus dune area, volume and height grew exponentially over time. Aboveground plant biomass, cover or number of shoots per unit area did not change significantly with time, but root biomass accumulated with time, giving a root / shoot ratio of 19. The dunes accumulated on average 6.6 kg N ha-1 year-1, which was 3.5 times more than is received annually by atmospheric deposition. The extensive root system of Leymus seems to effectively retain and accumulate a large part of the annual N deposition, not only deposition directly on the dunes but also from the adjacent unvegetated areas. SOM per unit area increased exponentially with dune age, but the accumulation of roots, aboveground biomass and SOM was more strongly linked to soil N than time: a 1 g m-2 increase in soil N led on average to a 6 kg C m-2 increase in biomass and SOM. The Leymus dunes, where most of the N has been accumulated, will therefore probably act as hot spots for further primary succession of flora and fauna on the tephra sands of Surtsey.

  8. Primary succession of soil enzyme activity and heterotrophic microbial communities along the chronosequence of Tianshan Mountains No. 1 Glacier, China.

    PubMed

    Zeng, Jun; Wang, Xiao-Xia; Lou, Kai; Eusufzai, Moniruzzaman Khan; Zhang, Tao; Lin, Qing; Shi, Ying-Wu; Yang, Hong-Mei; Li, Zhong-Qing

    2015-02-01

    We investigated the primary successions of soil enzyme activity and heterotrophic microbial communities at the forefields of the Tianshan Mountains No. 1 Glacier by investigating soil microbial processes (microbial biomass and nitrogen mineralization), enzyme activity and community-level physiological profiling. Soils deglaciated between 1959 and 2008 (0, 5, 17, 31 and 44 years) were collected. Soils >1,500 years in age were used as a reference (alpine meadow soils). Soil enzyme activity and carbon-source utilization ability significantly increased with successional time. Amino-acid utilization rates were relatively higher in early, unvegetated soils (0 and 5 years), but carbohydrate utilization was higher in later stages (from 31 years to the reference soil). Discriminant analysis, including data on microbial processes and soil enzyme activities, revealed that newly exposed soils (0-5 years) and older soils (17-44 years) were well-separated from each other and obviously different from the reference soil. Correlation analysis revealed that soil organic carbon, was the primary factor influencing soil enzyme activity and heterotrophic microbial community succession. Redundancy analysis suggested that soil pH and available P were also affect microbial activity to a considerable degree. Our results indicated that glacier foreland soils have continued to develop over 44 years and soils were significantly affected by the geographic location of the glacier and the local topography. Soil enzyme activities and heterotrophic microbial communities were also significantly influenced by these variables. PMID:25472706

  9. Total Percutaneous Aortic Repair: Midterm Outcomes

    SciTech Connect

    Bent, Clare L. Fotiadis, Nikolas; Renfrew, Ian; Walsh, Michael; Brohi, Karim; Kyriakides, Constantinos; Matson, Matthew

    2009-05-15

    The purpose of this study was to examine the immediate and midterm outcomes of percutaneous endovascular repair of thoracic and abdominal aortic pathology. Between December 2003 and June 2005, 21 patients (mean age: 60.4 {+-} 17.1 years; 15 males, 6 females) underwent endovascular stent-graft insertion for thoracic (n = 13) or abdominal aortic (n = 8) pathology. Preprocedural computed tomographic angiography (CTA) was performed to assess the suitability of aorto-iliac and common femoral artery (CFA) anatomy, including the degree of CFA calcification, for total percutaneous aortic stent-graft repair. Percutaneous access was used for the introduction of 18- to 26-Fr delivery devices. A 'preclose' closure technique using two Perclose suture devices (Perclose A-T; Abbott Vascular) was used in all cases. Data were prospectively collected. Each CFA puncture site was assessed via clinical examination and CTA at 1, 6, and 12 months, followed by annual review thereafter. Minimum follow-up was 36 months. Outcome measures evaluated were rates of technical success, conversion to open surgical repair, complications, and late incidence of arterial stenosis at the site of Perclose suture deployment. A total of 58 Perclose devices were used to close 29 femoral arteriotomies. Outer diameters of stent-graft delivery devices used were 18 Fr (n = 5), 20 Fr (n = 3), 22 Fr (n = 4), 24 Fr (n = 15), and 26 Fr (n = 2). Percutaneous closure was successful in 96.6% (28/29) of arteriotomies. Conversion to surgical repair was required at one access site (3.4%). Mean follow-up was 50 {+-} 8 months. No late complications were observed. By CT criteria, no patient developed a >50% reduction in CFA caliber at the site of Perclose deployment during the study period. In conclusion, percutaneous aortic stent-graft insertion can be safely performed, with a low risk of both immediate and midterm access-related complications.

  10. Penetrating intracranial nail-gun injury to the middle cerebral artery: A successful primary repair

    PubMed Central

    Isaacs, Albert M.; Yuh, Sung-Joo; Hurlbert, R. John; Mitha, Alim P.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Penetrating nail-gun injuries to the head are rare, however, the incidence has been gradually rising over the last decade. While there is a large volume of case reports in the literature, there are only a few incidences of cerebrovascular injury. We present a case of a patient with a nail-gun injury to the brain, which compromised the cerebral vasculature. In this article, we present the case, incidence, pathology, and a brief literature review of penetrating nail-gun injuries to highlight the principles of management pertaining to penetration of cerebrovascular structures. Case Description: A 26-year-old male presented with a penetrating nail-gun injury to his head. There were no neurological deficits. Initial imaging revealed that the nail had penetrated the cranium and suggested the vasculature to be intact. However, due to the proximity of the nail to the circle of Willis the operative approach was tailored in anticipation of a vascular injury. Intraoperatively removal of the foreign body demonstrated a laceration to the M1 branch of the middle cerebral artery (MCA), which was successfully repaired. Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a vascular arterial injury to the MCA from a nail-gun injury. It is imperative to have a high clinical suspicion for cerebrovascular compromise in penetrating nail-gun injuries even when conventional imaging suggests otherwise. PMID:26500798

  11. Impact of technetium-99m-sestamibi localization on operative time and success of operations for primary hyperparathyroidism.

    PubMed

    Casas, A T; Burke, G J; Mansberger, A R; Wei, J P

    1994-01-01

    Intraoperative identification of abnormal parathyroid glands during initial neck exploration for primary hyperparathyroidism is challenging and may require extensive dissection of the neck and mediastinum. We, therefore, evaluated the impact of preoperative localization with Technetium-99m-sestamibi (Tc-99m-sestamibi) and Iodine-123 radionuclide subtraction imaging on operative time and success of initial operation for primary hyperparathyroidism. From January 1989 to September 1992, 42 patients underwent neck exploration for primary hyperparathyroidism; 21 patients underwent neck exploration without preoperative radionuclide scanning, and 21 patients were operated upon following radionuclide Tc-99m-sestamibi localization. In the control group, pathologic exam revealed 15 patients had solitary adenomas, and six patients had diffuse hyperplasia. In the Tc-99m-sestamibi group, 16 patients had solitary adenomas, four had diffuse hyperplasia, and one had multiple adenomas. Analysis of patient demographic data revealed no differences between the control group and the Tc-99m-sestamibi group in mean age (56 vs 59 years), mean intact PTH levels (249 vs 234 pg/mL), mean total calcium (11.3 vs 12.0 mg/dL), and mean ionized calcium (6.19 vs 6.28 mg/dL). Comparison of operative data revealed no differences between groups in the mean number of parathyroid glands identified and biopsied per patient (3.1 vs 3.3), the mean largest diameter of the resected adenomas (19.6 vs 20.0 mm), and the number of patients requiring thymectomy, thyroid resection, retroesophageal exploration, mediastinal exploration, or carotid sheath exploration. The operative success rate was 90 per cent for the control group versus 100 per cent for the Tc-99m-sestamibi group.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:8273968

  12. Regime shift by an exotic nitrogen-fixing shrub mediates plant facilitation in primary succession.

    PubMed

    Stinca, Adriano; Chirico, Giovanni Battista; Incerti, Guido; Bonanomi, Giuliano

    2015-01-01

    Ecosystem invasion by non-native, nitrogen-fixing species is a global phenomenon with serious ecological consequences. However, in the Mediterranean basin few studies addressed the impact of invasion by nitrogen-fixing shrubs on soil quality and hydrological properties at local scale, and the possible effects on succession dynamics and ecosystem invasibility by further species. In this multidisciplinary study we investigated the impact of Genista aetnensis (Biv.) DC., an exotic nitrogen-fixing shrub, on the Vesuvius Grand Cone (Southern Italy). Specifically, we tested the hypotheses that the invasion of G. aetnensis has a significant impact on soil quality, soil hydrological regime, local microclimate and plant community structure, and that its impact increases during the plant ontogenetic cycle. We showed that G. aetnensis, in a relatively short time-span (i.e. ~ 40 years), has been able to build-up an island of fertility under its canopy, by accumulating considerable stocks of C, N, and P in the soil, and by also improving the soil hydrological properties. Moreover, G. aetnensis mitigates the daily range of soil temperature, reducing the exposure of coexisting plants to extremely high temperatures and water loss by soil evaporation, particularly during the growing season. Such amelioration of soil quality, coupled with the mitigation of below-canopy microclimatic conditions, has enhanced plant colonization of the barren Grand Cone slopes, by both herbaceous and woody species. These results suggest that the invasion of G. aetnensis could eventually drive to the spread of other, more resource-demanding exotic species, promoting alternative successional trajectories that may dramatically affect the local landscape. Our study is the first record of the invasion of G. aetnensis, an additional example of the regime shifts driven by N-fixing shrubs in Mediterranean region. Further studies are needed to identity specific management practices that can limit the spread and impacts of this species. PMID:25835015

  13. Regime Shift by an Exotic Nitrogen-Fixing Shrub Mediates Plant Facilitation in Primary Succession

    PubMed Central

    Stinca, Adriano; Chirico, Giovanni Battista; Incerti, Guido; Bonanomi, Giuliano

    2015-01-01

    Ecosystem invasion by non-native, nitrogen-fixing species is a global phenomenon with serious ecological consequences. However, in the Mediterranean basin few studies addressed the impact of invasion by nitrogen-fixing shrubs on soil quality and hydrological properties at local scale, and the possible effects on succession dynamics and ecosystem invasibility by further species. In this multidisciplinary study we investigated the impact of Genista aetnensis (Biv.) DC., an exotic nitrogen-fixing shrub, on the Vesuvius Grand Cone (Southern Italy). Specifically, we tested the hypotheses that the invasion of G. aetnensis has a significant impact on soil quality, soil hydrological regime, local microclimate and plant community structure, and that its impact increases during the plant ontogenetic cycle. We showed that G. aetnensis, in a relatively short time-span (i.e. ~ 40 years), has been able to build-up an island of fertility under its canopy, by accumulating considerable stocks of C, N, and P in the soil, and by also improving the soil hydrological properties. Moreover, G. aetnensis mitigates the daily range of soil temperature, reducing the exposure of coexisting plants to extremely high temperatures and water loss by soil evaporation, particularly during the growing season. Such amelioration of soil quality, coupled with the mitigation of below-canopy microclimatic conditions, has enhanced plant colonization of the barren Grand Cone slopes, by both herbaceous and woody species. These results suggest that the invasion of G. aetnensis could eventually drive to the spread of other, more resource-demanding exotic species, promoting alternative successional trajectories that may dramatically affect the local landscape. Our study is the first record of the invasion of G. aetnensis, an additional example of the regime shifts driven by N-fixing shrubs in Mediterranean region. Further studies are needed to identity specific management practices that can limit the spread and impacts of this species. PMID:25835015

  14. Percutaneous valve replacement: weird or wonderful?

    PubMed

    Thiem, A; Cremer, J; Lutter, G

    2006-02-01

    Percutaneous treatment of valve diseases has proven to be an effective alternative to open surgery since the early 1980's. For most patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis, use of percutaneous catheter-based techniques as balloon valvuloplasty for the treatment of both congenital pulmonary stenosis as well as trans-septal commissurotomy has become a good therapeutic option. Furthermore in the mid 1990's in vitro studies demonstrated the feasibility of percutaneous catheter-based valve implantation first in pulmonary and subsequently in aortic position. Afterwards initial in vivo implantations were successfully undertaken. Limitations of this new branch of transcatheter-based techniques are: risk of embolization due to pre-dilatation; difficult deployment; migration of valved stent; paravalvular leakage and limited durability of the implanted valve. Hence, many advances and improvements are necessary prior to pronouncing a new real alternative and safe therapeutic option. Up to now the gold standard for the treatment of heart valve disease is still open surgical valve repair and replacement. Percutaneous valve replacement procedures offer substantial advantages both to patients and medical care providers. From a medical point of view, they may help reduce surgical risks, offer a less invasive procedure, lower complication rates and shorten rehabilitation times in future. From an economic standpoint, shorter hospital stays result in overall cost reduction. PMID:16467739

  15. Advances in percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

    PubMed

    Antonelli, Jodi A; Pearle, Margaret S

    2013-02-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the most morbid of the minimally invasive surgeical procedures for stone removal. Over the last 2 decades, refinements in technique and new technology have improved the efficacy and the efficiency of the procedure. Although PCNL has long been the procedure of choice for large and complex stones, it is increasingly being used for moderate stone burdens because of its high stone-free rates and because of the limitations of shock wave lithotripsy and ureteroscopy. The article reviews advances in the technique and technology applied to percutaneous access, tract dilation, stone visualization, stone fragmentation, stone clearance, and postoperative management. PMID:23177638

  16. Does previous open renal surgery or percutaneous nephrolithotomy affect the outcomes and complications of percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

    PubMed

    Ozgor, Faruk; Kucuktopcu, Onur; Sar?lar, Omer; Toptas, Mehmet; Simsek, Abdulmuttalip; Gurbuz, Zafer Gokhan; Akbulut, Mehmet Fatih; Muslumanoglu, Ahmet Yaser; Binbay, Murat

    2015-11-01

    In this study, we aim to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of PNL in patients with a history of open renal surgery or PNL by comparing with primary patients and to compare impact of previous open renal surgery and PNL on the success and complications of subsequent PNL. Charts of patients, who underwent PNL at our institute, were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into three groups according to history of renal stone surgery. Patients without history of renal surgery were enrolled into Group 1. Other patients with previous PNL and previous open surgery were categorized as Group 2 and Group 3. Preoperative characteristic, perioperative data, stone-free status, and complication rates were compared between the groups. Stone-free status was accepted as completing clearance of stone and residual fragment smaller than 4 mm. Eventually, 2070 patients were enrolled into the study. Open renal surgery and PNL had been done in 410 (Group 2) and 131 (Group 3) patients, retrospectively. The mean operation time was longer (71.3 ± 33.5 min) in Group 2 and the mean fluoroscopy time was longer (8.6 ± 5.0) in Group 3 but there was no statistically significant difference between the groups. Highest stone clearance was achieved in primary PNL patients (81.62 %) compared to the other groups (77.10 % in Group 2 and 75.61 % in Group 3). Stone-free rate was not significantly different between Group 2 and Group 3. Fever, pulmonary complications, and blood transfusion requirement were not statically different between groups but angioembolization was significantly higher in Group 2. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a safe and effective treatment modality for patients with renal stones regardless history of previous PNL or open renal surgery. However, history of open renal surgery but not PNL significantly reduced PNL success. PMID:26141983

  17. N-P Co-Limitation of Primary Production and Response of Arthropods to N and P in Early Primary Succession on Mount St. Helens Volcano

    PubMed Central

    Bishop, John G.; O'Hara, Niamh B.; Titus, Jonathan H.; Apple, Jennifer L.; Gill, Richard A.; Wynn, Louise

    2010-01-01

    Background The effect of low nutrient availability on plant-consumer interactions during early succession is poorly understood. The low productivity and complexity of primary successional communities are expected to limit diversity and abundance of arthropods, but few studies have examined arthropod responses to enhanced nutrient supply in this context. We investigated the effects of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) addition on plant productivity and arthropod abundance on 24-yr-old soils at Mount St. Helens volcano. Methodology/Principal Findings We measured the relative abundance of eight arthropod orders and five families in plots that received N, P, or no nutrients for 3–5 years. We also measured plant % cover, leaf %N, and plant diversity. Vegetation responded rapidly to N addition but showed a lagged response to P that, combined with evidence of increased N fixation, suggested P-limitation to N availability. After 3 yrs of fertilization, orthopterans (primarily Anabrus simplex (Tettigoniidae) and Melanoplus spp (Acrididae)) showed a striking attraction to P addition plots, while no other taxa responded to fertilization. After 5 yrs of fertilization, orthopteran density in the same plots increased 80%–130% with P addition and 40% with N. Using structural equation modeling, we show that in year 3 orthopteran abundance was associated with a P-mediated increase in plant cover (or correlated increases in resource quality), whereas in year 5 orthopteran density was not related to cover, diversity or plant %N, but rather to unmeasured effects of P, such as its influence on other aspects of resource quality. Conclusions/Significance The marked surprising response to P by orthopterans, combined with a previous observation of P-limitation in lepidopteran herbivores at these sites, suggests that P-mediated effects of food quantity or quality are critical to insect herbivores in this N-P co-limited primary successional system. Our results also support a previous suggestion that the availability of N in these soils is P-limited. PMID:21049006

  18. Intra-Arterial Hepatic Chemotherapy: A Comparison of Percutaneous Versus Surgical Implantation of Port-Catheters

    SciTech Connect

    Deschamps, F.; Elias, D. Goere, D.; Malka, D. Ducreux, M. Boige, V.; Auperin, A.; Baere, T. de

    2011-10-15

    Purpose: To compare retrospectively the safety and efficacy of percutaneous and surgical implantations of port-catheters for intra-arterial hepatic chemotherapy (IAHC). Materials and Methods: Between January 2004 and December 2008, 126 consecutive patients (mean age 58 years) suffering from liver colorectal metastases were referred for intra-arterial hepatic chemotherapy (IAHC). Port-catheters were percutaneously implanted (P) through femoral access with the patient under conscious sedation when no other surgery was planned or were surgically implanted (S) when laparotomy was performed for another purpose. We report the implantation success rate, primary functionality, functionality after revision, and complications of IAHC. Results: The success rates of implantation were 97% (n = 65 of 67) for P and 98% (n = 58 of 59) for S. One hundred eleven patients received IAHC in our institution (n = 56P and n = 55S). Primary functionality was the same for P and S (4.80 vs. 4.82 courses), but functionality after revision was significantly higher for P (9.18 vs. 5.95 courses, p = 0.004) than for S. Forty-five complications occurred during 516 courses for P and 28 complications occurred during 331 courses for S. The rates of discontinuation of IAHC linked to complications of the port-catheters were 21% (n = 12 of 56) for P and 34% (n = 19 of 55) for S. Conclusion: Overall, significantly better functionality and similar complication rates occurred after P versus S port-catheters.

  19. Percutaneous Implantation of a Catheter with Subcutaneous Reservoir for Intraarterial Regional Chemotherapy: Technique and Preliminary Results

    SciTech Connect

    Grosso, Maurizio; Zanon, Claudio; Mancini, Andrea; Garruso, Matteo; Gazzera, Carlo; Anselmetti, Giovanni Carlo; Veglia, Simona; Gandini, Giovanni

    2000-03-15

    Purpose: We present the technique and the preliminary results of percutaneous implantation of intraarterial catheters connected to a subcutaneous infusion reservoir for prolonged regional chemotherapy of hepatic and extrahepatic tumors.Methods: Two hundred patients with primary or secondary hepatic neoplasms, pelvic, pancreatic, renal, lingual, and breast cancer underwent the procedure. The access was the left axillary artery (188 patients) and the femoral artery (12 patients). The catheter tip was placed in the hepatic (170 patients), hypogastric (18), splenic (4), internal thoracic (2), gastroduodenal (3), renal (2) or the external carotid artery (1). The catheter was connected to a subcutaneous reservoir and filled with heparin; chemotherapeutic infusion was subsequently started.Results: One hundred percent immediate technical success was obtained. Forty-three of 200 (21.5%) patients had a complication: 29 patients had a catheter dislodgment, nine had arterial thrombosis, three had a pseudoaneurysm of the left axillary artery and two had a port pocket hematoma. Most complications (37/43, 86%) were treated percutaneously without interruption of chemotherapy. In only six cases (3% of the total population) was chemotherapy discontinued due to the complication itself. The mean duration of catheter patency was 7.2 months.Conclusion: Percutaneous placement of an intraarterial catheter is feasible and causes less discomfort to the patient than the surgical approach. The technique has an acceptable complication rate (21.5%), similar to that for surgical implantation (17.8%), with the advantage that in most cases the complications can be resolved percutaneously. This technique represents an alternative to surgical implantation in the treatment of liver metastases from colorectal cancer and opens new therapeutic possibilities for the local prolonged treatment of other kinds of tumor, though its clinical efficacy must be assessed in selected trials.

  20. Participation in the SUCCESS-A Trial Improves Intensity and Quality of Care for Patients with Primary Breast Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Andergassen, U.; Kasprowicz, N. S.; Hepp, P.; Schindlbeck, C.; Harbeck, N.; Kiechle, M.; Sommer, H.; Beckmann, M. W.; Friese, K.; Janni, W.; Rack, B.; Scholz, C.

    2013-01-01

    The SUCCESS-A trial is a prospective, multicenter, phase III clinical trial for high-risk primary breast cancer. It compares disease-free survival after randomization in patients treated with fluorouracil, epirubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by 3 cycles of docetaxel (FEC-D) with that of patients treated with 3 cycles of FEC followed by 3 cycles of gemcitabine and docetaxel (FEC-DG). After a second randomization patients were treated with zoledronate for 2 or 5 years. A total of 251 centers took part in the trial and 3754 patients were recruited over a period of 18 months which ended in March 2007. In a questionnaire-based survey we investigated the impact of enrollment in the trial on patient care, the choice of chemotherapy protocol and access to current oncologic information as well as overall satisfaction in the respective centers. Analysis of the 78 questionnaires returned showed that 40?% of the centers had never previously enrolled patients with these indications in clinical studies. Prior to participating in the study, 4?% of the centers prescribed CMF or other protocols in patients with high-primary breast cancer risk, 46?% administered anthracycline-based chemotherapy and 50?% gave taxane-based chemotherapy. Around half of the participating centers noted that intensity of care and overall quality of care became even better and that access to breast cancer-specific information improved through participation in the trial. After their experience with the SUCCESS-A trial, all of the centers stated that they were prepared to enroll patients in clinical phase III trials again in the future. These data indicate that both patients and physicians benefit from clinical trials, as enrollment improves treatment strategies and individual patient care, irrespective of study endpoints. PMID:24771886

  1. Ectomycorrhizal ecology under primary succession on coastal sand dunes: interactions involving Pinus contorta, suilloid fungi and deer.

    PubMed

    Ashkannejhad, Sara; Horton, Thomas R

    2006-01-01

    Ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF) are critical for pine establishment under primary succession. The species of EMF supporting primary successional pine seedlings on coastal sand dunes and mechanisms for their establishment were investigated. Fungi were identified from ectomycorrhizal roots using molecular techniques. Field seedlings were collected from forested and nonforested zones. Laboratory seedlings were grown in soils collected from the same zones, and in sterile soils inoculated with fresh and 1-yr-old dry deer fecal pellets. Suilloid fungi were frequently observed on all seedlings. A diverse group of fungi was available to seedlings in forested zones. A less diverse group of fungi was available to field seedlings in nonforested zones and all laboratory bioassay seedlings. Deer fecal inoculant yielded an average of two EMF per seedling. Both Suillus and Rhizopogon species dominated seedlings inoculated with fresh deer feces, but only Rhizopogon species dominated seedlings inoculated with 1-yr-old feces. Suilloid fungi are dispersed by deer, produce resistant spore banks and are the principle fungi supporting seedlings on the sand dunes. PMID:16411937

  2. Isolated Spontaneous Dissection of the Common Iliac Artery: Percutaneous Stent Placement in Two Patients

    SciTech Connect

    Kwak, Hyo-Sung; Han, Young-Min Chung, Gyung-Ho; Yu, Hee Chul; Jeong, Yeon-Jun

    2006-10-15

    Isolated spontaneous dissection of the common iliac artery (CIA) is a rare entity. Two patients with this condition were successfully treated by percutaneous stent placement. We emphasize the feasibility of nonsurgical management by percutaneous stent placement for isolated spontaneous dissection of the CIA.

  3. Percutaneous intracardiac surgery with cardioscopic guidance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakamura, Fumitaka; Miwa, Atsuko; Uchida, Yasumi; Yamada, Koichiro; Tomaru, Takanobu; Sugimoto, Tsuneaki

    1992-08-01

    The feasibility of a novel catheter system of percutaneous transluminal cardiomyotomy and valvulotomy was examined in anesthetized dogs. The system was composed of a guiding balloon catheter, a cardioscope, and a pair of scissors with or without guide wire at the distal tip. The system without guide wire was introduced into the left ventricle, the balloon was inflated and was pushed against the endocardial surface. After confirmation by cardioscopy, the targeted tissues were incised by the scissors. By these maneuvers, the trabeculae, papillary muscles, and chordae were incised or transected in 7, 6, and 6 of 7 dogs, respectively. The system without guide wire was advanced to the aortic root, the guide wire was introduced into the left ventricle to prevent dislocation of the catheter system, the balloon was manipulated against the aortic cusp and the cusp was successfully incised with cardioscopic guidance in all five dogs. The results indicate that percutaneous transluminal cardiomyotomy and valvulotomy can be performed with cardioscopic guidance.

  4. Percutaneous pulmonary and tricuspid valve implantations: An update

    PubMed Central

    Wagner, Robert; Daehnert, Ingo; Lurz, Philipp

    2015-01-01

    The field of percutaneous valvular interventions is one of the most exciting and rapidly developing within interventional cardiology. Percutaneous procedures focusing on aortic and mitral valve replacement or interventional treatment as well as techniques of percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation have already reached worldwide clinical acceptance and routine interventional procedure status. Although techniques of percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation have been described just a decade ago, two stent-mounted complementary devices were successfully introduced and more than 3000 of these procedures have been performed worldwide. In contrast, percutaneous treatment of tricuspid valve dysfunction is still evolving on a much earlier level and has so far not reached routine interventional procedure status. Taking into account that an “interdisciplinary challenging”, heterogeneous population of patients previously treated by corrective, semi-corrective or palliative surgical procedures is growing inexorably, there is a rapidly increasing need of treatment options besides redo-surgery. Therefore, the review intends to reflect on clinical expansion of percutaneous pulmonary and tricuspid valve procedures, to update on current devices, to discuss indications and patient selection criteria, to report on clinical results and finally to consider future directions. PMID:25914786

  5. Changes in the root-associated fungal communities along a primary succession gradient analysed by 454 pyrosequencing.

    PubMed

    Blaalid, Rakel; Carlsen, Tor; Kumar, Surendra; Halvorsen, Rune; Ugland, Karl Inne; Fontana, Giovanni; Kauserud, Håvard

    2012-04-01

    We investigated changes in the root-associated fungal communities associated with the ectomycorrhizal herb Bistorta vivipara along a primary succession gradient using 454 amplicon sequencing. Our main objective was to assess the degree of variation in fungal richness and community composition as vegetation cover increases along the chronosequence. Sixty root systems of B. vivipara were sampled in vegetation zones delimited by dated moraines in front of a retreating glacier in Norway. We extracted DNA from rinsed root systems, amplified the ITS1 region using fungal-specific primers and analysed the amplicons using 454 sequencing. Between 437 and 5063 sequences were obtained from each root system. Clustering analyses using a 98.5% sequence similarity cut-off yielded a total of 470 operational taxonomic units (OTUs), excluding singletons. Between eight and 41 fungal OTUs were detected within each root system. Already in the first stage of succession, a high fungal diversity was present in the B. vivipara root systems. Total number of OTUs increased significantly along the gradient towards climax vegetation, but the average number of OTUs per root system stayed unchanged. There was a high patchiness in distribution of fungal OTUs across root systems, indicating that stochastic processes to a large extent structure the fungal communities. However, time since deglaciation had impact on the fungal community structure, as a systematic shift in the community composition was observed along the chronosequence. Ectomycorrhizal basidiomycetes were the dominant fungi in the roots of B. vivipara, when it comes to both number of OTUs and number of sequences. PMID:22590726

  6. Measuring team factors thought to influence the success of quality improvement in primary care: a systematic review of instruments

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Measuring team factors in evaluations of Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) may provide important information for enhancing CQI processes and outcomes; however, the large number of potentially relevant factors and associated measurement instruments makes inclusion of such measures challenging. This review aims to provide guidance on the selection of instruments for measuring team-level factors by systematically collating, categorizing, and reviewing quantitative self-report instruments. Methods Data sources: We searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Health and Psychosocial Instruments; reference lists of systematic reviews; and citations and references of the main report of instruments. Study selection: To determine the scope of the review, we developed and used a conceptual framework designed to capture factors relevant to evaluating CQI in primary care (the InQuIRe framework). We included papers reporting development or use of an instrument measuring factors relevant to teamwork. Data extracted included instrument purpose; theoretical basis, constructs measured and definitions; development methods and assessment of measurement properties. Analysis and synthesis: We used qualitative analysis of instrument content and our initial framework to develop a taxonomy for summarizing and comparing instruments. Instrument content was categorized using the taxonomy, illustrating coverage of the InQuIRe framework. Methods of development and evidence of measurement properties were reviewed for instruments with potential for use in primary care. Results We identified 192 potentially relevant instruments, 170 of which were analyzed to develop the taxonomy. Eighty-one instruments measured constructs relevant to CQI teams in primary care, with content covering teamwork context (45 instruments measured enabling conditions or attitudes to teamwork), team process (57 instruments measured teamwork behaviors), and team outcomes (59 instruments measured perceptions of the team or its effectiveness). Forty instruments were included for full review, many with a strong theoretical basis. Evidence supporting measurement properties was limited. Conclusions Existing instruments cover many of the factors hypothesized to contribute to QI success. With further testing, use of these instruments measuring team factors in evaluations could aid our understanding of the influence of teamwork on CQI outcomes. Greater consistency in the factors measured and choice of measurement instruments is required to enable synthesis of findings for informing policy and practice. PMID:23410500

  7. Successful treatment of primary cutaneous Aspergillus ustus infection with surgical debridement and a combination of voriconazole and terbinafine.

    PubMed

    Krishnan-Natesan, Suganthini; Chandrasekar, Pranatharthi H; Manavathu, Elias K; Revankar, Sanjay G

    2008-12-01

    Aspergillus ustus infections are associated with a high mortality in immunocompromised hosts, and the mold has decreased susceptibility to most antifungal drugs, especially azoles. We report primary cutaneous A. ustus infection in a patient who failed itraconazole therapy and was switched to voriconazole (VRC). During VRC therapy, the MICs of VRC, amphotericin B (AMB), caspofungin (CFG), and terbinafine (TBF) were 4, 2, 64, and 0.13 microg/mL, respectively. Because the MIC to VRC was high, TBF was added to VRC for synergy based on anecdotal data from other mycoses. After treatment with VRC and TBF for 5 months, MICs of VRC, AMB, CFG, and TBF of A. ustus were 8, 1, 64, and 4 microg/mL respectively. Although the MICs of VRC and TBF increased during antifungal therapy, the patient responded well to the combination antifungal therapy with surgical debridement. With a successful outcome despite high MICs and with limited therapeutic options currently available, we investigated the in vitro activity of posaconazole (PCZ) and VRC individually and in combination with AMB, CFG, or TBF using the fractional inhibitory concentration index (FICI) method. Combination of VRC with TBF showed synergistic activity (FICI = 0.5). Therefore, combination of VRC and TBF with surgical debridement, when appropriate, may be a viable treatment option for refractory A. ustus infections. PMID:18842377

  8. Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation for the Hepatocellular Carcinoma Abutting the Diaphragm: Assessment of Safety and Therapeutic Efficacy

    PubMed Central

    Kang, Tae Wook; Kim, Eun Young; Kim, Young-sun; Choi, Dongil; Lee, Won Jae; Lim, Hyo K.

    2009-01-01

    Objective To assess the safety and therapeutic efficacy of a percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation for the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) abutting the diaphragm. Materials and Methods We retrospectively assessed 80 patients who underwent a percutaneous RF ablation for a single nodular (< 4 cm) HCC over the last four years. Each patient underwent an ultrasound-guided RF ablation using internally cooled electrodes for the first-line treatment. We divided patients into two subgroups based on whether the index tumor was abutting (less than 5 mm) the diaphragm or not: group A (abutting; n = 31) versus group B (non-abutting; n = 49). We compared the two subgroups for complications and therapeutic efficacy using image and the review of medical records. The statistical assessment included an independent t-test, Fisher's exact test, and chi-square test. Results The assessment of the diaphragmatic swelling at CT immediately following the procedure was more severe in group A than group B (mean thickness change:1.44 vs. 0.46 mm, p = 0.00). Further, right shoulder pain was more common in group A than B (p = 0.01). Although minor complications (hemothorax 1 case, pleural effusion 1 case) were noted only in group A, no major thoracic complication occurred in either group. The technical success rate was lower in group A than group B (84% vs. 98%, p = 0.03). As well, the primary and secondary technique effectiveness rates in group A and group B were 90% versus 98% (p = 0.29) and 79% versus 91% (p = 0.25), respectively. The local tumor progression rate was higher in group A than in group B (29% vs. 6%, p = 0.02). Conclusion We found that the percutaneous RF ablation for the HCC abutting the diaphragm is a safe procedure without major complications. However, it is less effective with regard to technical success and local tumor control. PMID:19182501

  9. Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment of Hepatic Artery Stenosis in Adult and Pediatric Patients After Liver Transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Maruzzelli, Luigi; Miraglia, Roberto Caruso, Settimo; Milazzo, Mariapina; Mamone, Giuseppe; Gruttadauria, Salvatore; Spada, Marco; Luca, Angelo; Gridelli, Bruno

    2010-12-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous endovascular techniques for the treatment of hepatic artery stenosis (HAS) occurring after liver transplantation (LT) in adult and pediatrics patients. From February 2003 to March 2009, 25 patients (15 adults and 10 children) whose developed HAS after LT were referred to our interventional radiology unit. Technical success was achieved in 96% (24 of 25) of patients. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) was performed in 13 patients (7 children), and stenting was performed in 11 patients (2 children). After the procedure, all patients were followed-up with liver function tests, Doppler ultrasound, and/or computed tomography. Mean follow-up was 15.8 months (range 5 days to 58 months). Acute hepatic artery thrombosis occurred immediately after stent deployment in 2 patients and was successfully treated with local thrombolysis. One patient developed severe HA spasm, which reverted after 24 h. After the procedure, mean trans-stenotic pressure gradient decreased from 30.5 to 6.2 mmHg. Kaplan-Meyer curve of HA primary patency was 77% at 1 and 2 years. During the follow-up period, 5 patients (20%) had recurrent stenosis, and 2 patients (8.3%) had late thrombosis. Two of 7 patients with stenosis/thrombosis underwent surgical revascularization (n = 1) and liver retransplantation (n = 1). Six (25%) patients died during follow-up, but overall mortality was not significantly different when comparing patients having patent hepatic arteries with those having recurrent stenosis/thrombosis. There were no significant differences in recurrent stenosis/thrombosis and mortality comparing patients treated by PTA versus stenting and comparing adult versus pediatric status. Percutaneous interventional treatment of HAS in LT recipients is safe and effective and decreases the need for surgical revascularization and liver retransplantation. However, the beneficial effects for survival are not clear, probably because the clinical complexity of many of these cases.

  10. Percutaneous Transosseous Embolization of Internal Iliac Artery Aneurysm Type II Endoleak: Report of Two Cases

    SciTech Connect

    Gemmete, Joseph J. Arabi, Mohammad; Cwikiel, Wojciech B.

    2011-02-15

    This report describes two cases of successful treatment of an internal iliac artery aneurysm (IIAA) type II endoleak utilizing a percutaneous transosseous access that could not be treated using an endovascular or standard percutaneous approach. A direct percutaneous approach through bone was chosen to avoid vital structures and the surrounding bowel. The procedure was successful and required minimal fluoroscopy time compared with other treatment options. We believe this procedure is an alternative to some of the more complex and technically challenging means of treating this lesion.

  11. Buried bumper syndrome: a rare complication of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

    PubMed Central

    Baniukiewicz, Andrzej; ?widnicka-Siergiejko, Agnieszka

    2015-01-01

    Feeding via percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is the preferred form of alimentation when oral feeding is impossible. Although it is a relatively safe method, some complications may occur. One uncommon PEG complication is buried bumper syndrome. In this paper we report a case of buried bumper syndrome, successfully managed with PEG tube repositioning.

  12. The Effect of Learning Geometry Topics of 7th Grade in Primary Education with Dynamic Geometer's Sketchpad Geometry Software to Success and Retention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kesan, Cenk; Caliskan, Sevdane

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of learning geometry topics of 7th grade in primary education with dynamic geometer's sketchpad geometry software to student's success and retention. The experimental research design with The Posttest-Only Control Group was used in this study. In the experimental group, dynamic geometer's…

  13. Percutaneous Pulmonary Valve Placement

    PubMed Central

    Prieto, Lourdes R.

    2015-01-01

    Patients with congenital heart disease and pulmonary valve disease need multiple procedures over their lifetimes to replace their pulmonary valves. Chronic pulmonary stenosis, regurgitation, or both have untoward effects on ventricular function and on the clinical status of these patients. To date, all right ventricle–pulmonary artery conduits have had relatively short lifespans. Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation, although relatively new, will probably reduce the number of operative procedures that these patients will have to undergo over a lifetime. Refinement and further development of this procedure holds promise for the extension of this technology to other patient populations. PMID:26175629

  14. Atlantoaxial Joint Synovial Cyst: Diagnosis and Percutaneous Treatment

    SciTech Connect

    Velan, Osvaldo; Rabadan, Alejandra; Paganini, Lisandro; Langhi, Luciano

    2008-11-15

    Synovial cysts at the atlantoaxial level are found uncommonly. Lumbar symptomatic cases are treated by percutaneous cyst aspiration with or without corticoid injection or by surgical resection, but synovial cysts at the C1-C2 level are usually treated by surgery. We report here a 92-year-old woman with a retro-odontoid synovial cyst producing spinal cord compression that was treated by percutaneous aspiration of the cyst under CT guidance. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an atlantoaxial synovial cyst successfully treated with a minimally invasive procedure.

  15. Percutaneous coronary intervention without onsite surgical backup.

    PubMed

    Dehmer, Gregory J

    2008-09-01

    Although accepted in several countries abroad, the performance of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) without onsite surgical backup is controversial in the United States. Current guidelines from the United States do not endorse elective PCI in facilities without onsite surgical backup but acknowledge that primary PCI for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction is acceptable under carefully regulated and monitored circumstances. This differs from guidelines developed by organizations in other countries. In the United States, data indicate that primary alone or primary and elective PCI without onsite surgery is currently being performed in all but seven states, and the number of patients treated in this setting is increasing. More than 40 articles reporting the outcomes and safety of PCI without onsite surgical backup have been published, but these are from a limited number of centers and are retrospective reviews or prospective registries, which have inherent limitations. Additional studies are currently under way to evaluate PCI's safety and effectiveness in this setting. PMID:18715538

  16. Direct Percutaneous Embolization of Bleeding Stomal Varices

    SciTech Connect

    Naidu, Sailen G.; Castle, Erik P.; Kriegshauser, J. Scott; Huettl, Eric A.

    2010-02-15

    Stomal variceal bleeding can develop in patients with underlying cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Most patients are best treated with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation because this addresses the underlying problem of portal hypertension. However, some patients are not good candidates for TIPS creation because they have end-stage liver disease or encephalopathy. We describe such a patient who presented with recurrent bleeding stomal varices, which was successfully treated with percutaneous coil embolization. The patient had bleeding-free survival for 1 month before death from unrelated causes.

  17. Perivascular Inflammatory Reaction After Percutaneous Placement of Covered Stents

    SciTech Connect

    Link, Johann; Mueller-Huelsbeck, Stefan; Brossmann, Joachim; Steffens, Johann C.; Heller, Martin

    1996-09-15

    A 52-year-old woman with an extensive superficial femoral artery occlusion was treated with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. Because of extensive dissections, two covered stents were placed percutaneously. The intervention was successful with respect to vessel patency, but local pain and fever developed 5 hr after the intervention. Swelling of the thigh occurred, but deep venous thrombosis was excluded. MRI revealed pronounced soft-tissue edema in the adductor canal that persisted for 4 weeks. The fever responded to antiinflammatory medication, but the pain remained for 4 weeks. The vessel was patent at the last follow-up, 8 weeks after graft placement. Soft-tissue edema after percutaneous placement of covered stents has been reported previously. The cause of the inflammatory reaction is unclear.

  18. Percutaneous Cystgastrostomy as a Single-Step Procedure

    SciTech Connect

    Curry, L. Sookur, P.; Low, D.; Bhattacharya, S.; Fotheringham, T.

    2009-03-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the success of percutaneous transgastric cystgastrostomy as a single-step procedure. We performed a retrospective analysis of single-step percutaneous transgastric cystgastrostomy carried out in 12 patients (8 male, 4 female; mean age 44 years; range 21-70 years), between 2002 and 2007, with large symptomatic pancreatic pseudocysts for whom up to 1-year follow-up data (mean 10 months) were available. All pseudocysts were drained by single-step percutaneous cystgastrostomy with the placement of either one or two stents. The procedure was completed successfully in all 12 patients. The pseudocysts showed complete resolution on further imaging in 7 of 12 patients with either enteric passage of the stent or stent removal by endoscopy. In 2 of 12 patients, the pseudocysts showed complete resolution on imaging, with the stents still noted in situ. In 2 of 12 patients, the pseudocysts became infected after 1 month and required surgical intervention. In 1 of 12 patients, the pseudocyst showed partial resolution on imaging, but subsequently reaccumulated and later required external drainage. In our experience, percutaneous cystgastrostomy as a single-step procedure has a high success rate and good short-term outcomes over 1-year follow-up and should be considered in the treatment of large symptomatic cysts.

  19. Percutaneous transfemoral closure of a pseudoaneurysm at the left ventricular apical access site for transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

    PubMed

    Karimi, Ashkan; Beaver, Thomas M; Fudge, James C

    2015-02-01

    This case report illustrates a left ventricular pseudoaneurysm that developed at the transapical access site for transcatheter aortic valve implantation and was successfully excluded percutaneously through a femoral approach using an Amplatzer muscular VSD occluder (St. Jude Medical). We also discuss various currently available devices and technical pearls for percutaneous closure of left ventricular pseudoaneurysms. PMID:25661768

  20. Clinical efficacy and scintigraphic evaluation of post-coronary bypass patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty for recurrent angina pectoris

    SciTech Connect

    Reed, D.C.; Beller, G.A.; Nygaard, T.W.; Tedesco, C.; Watson, D.D.; Burwell, L.R.

    1989-01-01

    The efficacy of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in improving recurrent anginal symptoms and myocardial perfusion after coronary artery bypass graft surgery was assessed prospectively in 55 patients, of whom 50 had an initial angiographic and clinical success. Although 80% of those successfully dilated were initially free of angina at 23 +/- 11 months of follow-up, one half of these patients had recurrent angina. Although only 48% of the patient cohort had complete relief of angina, 94% had less angina than before dilatation and 86% were able to decrease antianginal medications. Fifteen patients with persistent or recurrent angina had from one to five repeat dilatations. After angioplasty, lung thallium uptake, the extent of abnormal scan segments, and the magnitude of redistribution in dilated lesions were significantly reduced (n = 24 patients). Redistribution defects were seen in 38% of patients on postangioplasty scans. All were associated with subsequent angina. Of various clinical, angiographic, exercise, and thallium-201 scan variables, only the presence of delayed redistribution was an independent predictor of recurrent angina. Restenosis was the most common underlying cause for this exercise-induced perfusion defect. Thus percutaneous coronary angioplasty performed as primary therapy for recurrent angina after bypass surgery is moderately successful in long-term follow-up for the amelioration of symptoms and enhancement of regional myocardial perfusion.

  1. Percutaneous cryoablation for the treatment of recurrent thymoma: preliminary safety and efficacy.

    PubMed

    Abtin, Fereidoun; Suh, Robert D; Nasehi, Leyla; Han, Simon X; Hsu, William; Quirk, Mathew; Genshaft, Scott; Gutierrez, Antony J; Cameron, Robert B

    2015-05-01

    Thymoma is the most common primary tumor of the anterior mediastinum and often recurs after initial surgical resection. In this case series, percutaneous cryoablation, a locally ablative technique, was used to treat 25 mediastinal and pleural recurrent thymoma lesions in five patients. Safety and short-term efficacy data were collected. In 23 percutaneous cryoablations (92%), there were no or minimal complications. One serious complication, myasthenia gravis flare, occurred. Over the duration of follow-up (median, 331 d), 18 of 20 ablated lesions (90%) showed no evidence of local recurrence. Percutaneous cryoablation shows promise as a safe and effective treatment modality for recurrent thymoma. PMID:25921453

  2. A Survival Analysis of Patients with Malignant Biliary Strictures Treated by Percutaneous Metallic Stenting

    SciTech Connect

    Brountzos, Elias N. Ptochis, Nikolaos; Panagiotou, Irene; Malagari, Katerina; Tzavara, Chara; Kelekis, Dimitrios

    2007-02-15

    Background. Percutaneous metal stenting is an accepted palliative treatment for malignant biliary obstruction. Nevertheless, factors predicting survival are not known. Methods. Seventy-six patients with inoperable malignant biliary obstruction were treated with percutaneous placement of metallic stents. Twenty patients had non-hilar lesions. Fifty-six patients had hilar lesions classified as Bismuth type I (n = 15 patients), type II (n = 26), type III (n = 12), or type IV (n = 3 patients). Technical and clinical success rates, complications, and long-term outcome were recorded. Clinical success rates, patency, and survival rates were compared in patients treated with complete (n = 41) versus partial (n = 35) liver parenchyma drainage. Survival was calculated and analyzed for potential predictors such as the tumor type, the extent of the disease, the level of obstruction, and the post-intervention bilirubin levels. Results. Stenting was technically successful in all patients (unilateral drainage in 70 patients, bilateral drainage in 6 patients) with an overall significant reduction of the post-intervention bilirubin levels (p < 0.001), resulting in a clinical success rate of 97.3%. Clinical success rates were similar in patients treated with whole-liver drainage versus partial liver drainage. Minor and major complications occurred in 8% and 15% of patients, respectively. Mean overall primary stent patency was 120 days, while the restenosis rate was 12%. Mean overall secondary stent patency was 242.2 days. Patency rates were similar in patients with complete versus partial liver drainage. Mean overall survival was 142.3 days. Survival was similar in the complete and partial drainage groups. The post-intervention serum bilirubin level was an independent predictor of survival (p < 0.001). A cut-off point in post-stenting bilirubin levels of 4 mg/dl dichotomized patients with good versus poor prognosis. Patient age and Bismuth IV lesions were also independent predictors of survival. Conclusions. Percutaneous metallic biliary stenting provides good palliation of malignant jaundice. Partial liver drainage achieved results as good as those after complete liver drainage. A serum bilirubin level of less than 4 mg/dl after stenting is the most important independent predictor of survival, while increasing age and Bismuth IV lesions represent dismal prognostic factors.

  3. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy in Children

    PubMed Central

    DeMarco, Romano T.

    2011-01-01

    The surgical management of pediatric stone disease has evolved significantly over the last three decades. Prior to the introduction of shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) in the 1980s, open lithotomy was the lone therapy for children with upper tract calculi. Since then, SWL has been the procedure of choice in most pediatric centers for children with large renal calculi. While other therapies such as percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) were also being advanced around the same time, PNL was generally seen as a suitable therapy in adults because of the concerns for damage in the developing kidney. However, recent advances in endoscopic instrumentation and renal access techniques have led to an increase in its use in the pediatric population, particularly in those children with large upper tract stones. This paper is a review of the literature focusing on the indications, techniques, results, and complications of PNL in children with renal calculi. PMID:22013438

  4. Delayed Union of a Sacral Fracture: Percutaneous Navigated Autologous Cancellous Bone Grafting and Screw Fixation

    SciTech Connect

    Huegli, R. W. Messmer, P.; Jacob, A. L.; Regazzoni, P.; Styger, S.; Gross, T.

    2003-09-15

    Delayed or non-union of a sacral fracture is a serious clinical condition that may include chronic pain, sitting discomfort, gait disturbances, neurological problems, and inability to work. It is also a difficult reconstruction problem. Late correction of the deformity is technically more demanding than the primary treatment of acute pelvic injuries. Open reduction, internal fixation (ORIF), excision of scar tissue, and bone grafting often in a multi-step approach are considered to be the treatment of choice in delayed unions of the pelvic ring. This procedure implies the risk of neurological and vascular injuries, infection, repeated failure of union, incomplete correction of the deformity, and incomplete pain relief as the most important complications. We report a new approach for minimally invasive treatment of a delayed union of the sacrum without vertical displacement. A patient who suffered a Malgaigne fracture (Tile C1.3) was initially treated with closed reduction and percutaneous screw fixation (CRPF) of the posterior pelvic ring under CT navigation and plating of the anterior pelvic ring. Three months after surgery he presented with increasing hip pain caused by a delayed union of the sacral fracture. The lesion was successfully treated percutaneously in a single step procedure using CT navigation for drilling of the delayed union, autologous bone grafting, and screw fixation.

  5. Percutaneous coronary intervention with anomalous origin of right coronary artery: case reports and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Hong, Li-Feng; Luo, Song-Hui; Li, Jian-Jun

    2013-01-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in an anomalous right coronary artery (RCA) can be technically difficult because selective cannulation of the vessel may not be easy. We thereby present two cases with unstable angina pectoris of anomalous originated RCA. The PCI were successfully performed in two patients with a special guiding wire manipulating skill which we called “gone with the flow” combined with balloon anchoring technology, providing excellent angiographic visualization and sound guide support for stent delivery throughout the procedure without severe cardiovascular adverse effects. Our primary data suggested that PCI for geriatric patients with an anomalous origin of RCA accompanied by severe atherosclerotic lesions might also be a safe, available, and feasible strategy. PMID:23888182

  6. Alternative Treatment for Bleeding Peristomal Varices: Percutaneous Parastomal Embolization

    SciTech Connect

    Pabon-Ramos, Waleska M.; Niemeyer, Matthew M.; Dasika, Narasimham L.

    2013-10-15

    Purpose: To describe how peristomal varices can be successfully embolized via a percutaneous parastomal approach. Methods: The medical records of patients who underwent this procedure between December 1, 2000, and May 31, 2008, were retrospectively reviewed. Procedural details were recorded. Median fluoroscopy time and bleeding-free interval were calculated. Results: Seven patients underwent eight parastomal embolizations. The technical success rate was 88 % (one failure). All embolizations were performed with coils combined with a sclerosant, another embolizing agent, or both. Of the seven successful parastomal embolizations, there were three cases of recurrent bleeding; the median time to rebleeding was 45 days (range 26-313 days). The remaining four patients did not develop recurrent bleeding during the follow-up period; their median bleeding-free interval was 131 days (range 40-659 days). Conclusion: This case review demonstrated that percutaneous parastomal embolization is a feasible technique to treat bleeding peristomal varices.

  7. Percutaneous endoscopic nephropexy with a percutaneous suture passed through the kidney

    PubMed Central

    Lezrek, M.; El Harrech, Y.; Bazine, K.H.; Sossa, J.; Assebane, M.; Alami, M.; Kasmaoui, E.H.; Beddouch, A.; Ameur, A.

    2013-01-01

    Objectives To report a technique of percutaneous endoscopic nephropexy, using a polyglactin suture passed through the kidney, in patients with nephroptosis. Patients and methods Four women presenting with symptomatic right nephroptosis underwent a percutaneous endoscopic nephropexy. An upper-pole calyx was accessed percutaneously and a 24-F working sheath was placed. Another needle access was made through a lower-pole calyx and a #2 polyglactin suture was passed into the renal pelvis. It was then pulled out through the upper-pole tract using the nephroscope. A retroperitoneoscopy was performed and the tip of the nephroscope was used to cause nephrolysis. After inserting the nephrostomy tube the polyglactin suture was passed into the subcutaneous tissue and then tied without too much tension, to avoid cutting the parenchyma. Results The operative duration was 33 min and the hospital stay after surgery was 3.5 days. The nephrostomy catheter was removed 5 days after surgery. There were no complications, especially no haemorrhagic, infectious, lithiasic or thoracic complications. The four patients were relieved of their initial symptoms, with a mean follow-up of 28 months. Ultrasonography and/or intravenous urography showed the kidney at a higher location with the patient standing. Conclusions This technique combines the nephrostomy tract used in percutaneous techniques with the suture and nephrolysis used in laparoscopic techniques. Moreover, this procedure seems to be safe, with satisfactory anatomical and clinical results and a lower morbidity. However, a larger series will be necessary to establish its long-term morbidity and success rate.

  8. A multistage analysis strategy for a clinical trial to assess successively more stringent criteria for a primary endpoint with a low event rate.

    PubMed

    Li, Siying; Hussey, Michael A; Schwartz, Todd A; Koch, Gary G

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes how a multistage analysis strategy for a clinical trial can assess a sequence of hypotheses that pertain to successively more stringent criteria for excess risk exclusion or superiority for a primary endpoint with a low event rate. The criteria for assessment can correspond to excess risk of an adverse event or to a guideline for sufficient efficacy as in the case of vaccine trials. The proposed strategy is implemented through a set of interim analyses, and success for one or more of the less stringent criteria at an interim analysis can be the basis for a regulatory submission, whereas the clinical trial continues to accumulate information to address the more stringent, but not futile, criteria. Simulations show that the proposed strategy is satisfactory for control of type I error, sufficient power, and potential success at interim analyses when the true relative risk is more favorable than assumed for the planned sample size. PMID:23424092

  9. Success or Failure of Primary Second/Foreign Language Programmes in Asia: What Do the Data Tell Us?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baldauf, Richard B., Jr.; Kaplan, Robert B.; Kamwangamalu, Nkonko; Bryant, Pauline

    2011-01-01

    Primary school second/foreign language (SL/FL) programmes in Asia, as well as in other parts of the world, are becoming more common, with many targeting English as the SL or FL. The pressures for such English language programmes come from top-down notions that in a globalised world English is required for societies to be competitive, especially…

  10. Investigating Fresh Water--Some Ideas That Have Been Used Successfully in Primary Schools in the ACT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shoring, Nola

    2003-01-01

    Outlines some strategies used in primary schools in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) to teach science. Teachers wanting to investigate freshwater conducted experiments and drew concepts for reuse, recycling, and conservation. Presents two case studies using these activities to show how this theme can be used to introduce and consolidate a…

  11. -Early primary succession on Mount St. Helens -107 Journal of Vegetation Science 6: 107-120, 1995

    E-print Network

    del Moral, Roger

    and created many new habitats. The Pumice Plain, a 20 km2 area on the north side of the volcano, bore to varied depths. Primary successional processes and recovery patterns on the Pumice Plain were described). This study describes vegetation on the Pumice Plain 13 yr after the eruption. Most sites are colonized

  12. 21 CFR 870.1250 - Percutaneous catheter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...1250 Percutaneous catheter. (a) Identification. A percutaneous catheter is a device that is introduced into a vein or artery through the skin using a dilator and a sheath (introducer) or guide wire. (b) Classification. Class II...

  13. 21 CFR 870.1250 - Percutaneous catheter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...1250 Percutaneous catheter. (a) Identification. A percutaneous catheter is a device that is introduced into a vein or artery through the skin using a dilator and a sheath (introducer) or guide wire. (b) Classification. Class II...

  14. 21 CFR 870.1250 - Percutaneous catheter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...1250 Percutaneous catheter. (a) Identification. A percutaneous catheter is a device that is introduced into a vein or artery through the skin using a dilator and a sheath (introducer) or guide wire. (b) Classification. Class II...

  15. 21 CFR 870.1250 - Percutaneous catheter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...1250 Percutaneous catheter. (a) Identification. A percutaneous catheter is a device that is introduced into a vein or artery through the skin using a dilator and a sheath (introducer) or guide wire. (b) Classification. Class II...

  16. 21 CFR 870.1250 - Percutaneous catheter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...1250 Percutaneous catheter. (a) Identification. A percutaneous catheter is a device that is introduced into a vein or artery through the skin using a dilator and a sheath (introducer) or guide wire. (b) Classification. Class II...

  17. Percutaneous radiofrequency upper thoracic sympathectomy.

    PubMed

    Wilkinson, H A

    1996-04-01

    Between June 1979 and May 1994, I performed 148 unilateral or bilateral sympathectomies on 247 limbs in 110 patients using a percutaneous radiofrequency technique, usually on an outpatient surgery basis. Patient ages ranged from 10 to 81 years, with 45 male and 65 female patients. Four patients had unsuccessfully undergone prior open surgical sympathectomy. Patients suffered from hyperhidrosis, vascular occlusion, Raynaud's disease or other chronic vasculopathies, painful causalgia or reflex sympathetic dystrophy, or Prinzmetal's angina. The sympathectomy technique has evolved over this 15-year period and is currently in its third phase. Changes in the procedure were based on anatomic and clinical/radiographic correlations and careful patient follow-up. Current modifications have reduced the frequency of both early and late failures. The present technique (Phase III) relies on neuroleptanalgesia with superficial local anesthesia only and does not require general anesthesia, intubation, or lung collapse. Two 18-gauge radiofrequency TIC needle electrodes (Radionics, Burlington, MA) are used. A series of three lesions is rostrocaudally made at each of the ganglion sites selected in an attempt to destroy the entire fusiform ganglion. Lesion sites are targeted by C-arm fluoroscopy and electrical stimulation, which produces a threshold of sensory awareness of > 1.0 V. Lesion effectiveness is monitored by bilateral finger plethysmography and hand skin temperature measurement. With the Phase III technique, the sympathetic activity in 96% of operated limbs after 2 years and in 91% of operated limbs after 3 years continues to be completely or largely interrupted. By comparison, I achieved similar success in 83 and 72% operated limbs with the Phase I technique and in 77 and 71% with the Phase II technique. Symptomatic pneumothorax, in six patients, has been the only serious complication. When necessary, a subsequent operation can easily be performed and is effective. PMID:8692390

  18. Opening Doors to Success in Multilingual Classrooms: Bilingualism, Codeswitching and the Professional Identities of Ethnic Minority Primary Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conteh, Jean

    2007-01-01

    In England, government initiatives to recruit more ethnic minority teachers into mainstream schools have met with only limited success. One important reason for this may be that the factors that contribute to their distinctive professional skills and identities, and their potential to help raise the achievements of ethnic minority pupils, are not…

  19. Direct Percutaneous Jejunostomy-An Underutilized Interventional Technique?

    SciTech Connect

    Sparrow, Patrick David, Elizabeth; Pugash, Robyn

    2008-03-15

    Our aim in this study was to report our single-center experience with direct percutaneous jejunostomy over a 4-year period with regard to technical success rate, immediate and late complications, and patient tolerance of the procedure. Institutional records of 22 consecutive patients who underwent radiological insertion of a percutaneous jejunostomy for a variety of indications were reviewed. The proximal jejunum was punctured under either fluoroscopic or ultrasonic guidance, and following placement of retention sutures, a 10- to 12-Fr catheter inserted. There was a 100% technical success rate in placement involving a total of seven operators. The indications for placement were prior gastric resection, newly diagnosed resectable esophageal or gastric carcinoma, unresectable gastric carcinoma with outlet obstruction, and palliative drainage of bowel obstruction. Mean duration of follow-up was 100 days, and catheter placement 57.7 days. There were six minor early complications, consisting of loss of two retention anchors requiring repuncture, three cases of localized excessive postprocedural pain, and one failed relief of symptoms of small bowel obstruction. Four tubes developed late complications (two blocked, one catheter cracked, and one inadvertently pulled out). Three of the four were successfully replaced through the existing tracts. One patient subsequently developed a minor skin infection, while another developed late pericatheter leakage from ascites. We conclude that direct percutaneous jejunostomy is a valuable treatment modality applicable to a number of clinical scenarios, with a high technical success rate and low serious complication rate.

  20. Percutaneous Aspiration Lung Biopsy

    PubMed Central

    Sanders, D. E.; Thompson, D. W.; Pudden, B. J. E.

    1971-01-01

    A total of 182 percutaneous trans-thoracic aspiration biopsies were performed in 164 patients over a three-year period. In malignant neoplasms arising in the lung the diagnostic accuracy rate was 84%. In the non-malignant localized parenchymal lesions the accuracy drops considerably unless the lesion is cystic or cavitary. Some patients with non-parenchymal lesions were selected to assess further the value of this procedure. It proved much less rewarding in lesions of the chest wall, diaphragm and also in diffuse parenchymal disease. These lesions may be more accurately identified by other methods of biopsy. Lesions presenting as a mediastinal mass are an intermediate group and in selected cases helpful information can often be obtained by small-bore needle aspiration, particularly if a pericardial, bronchogenic or thymic cyst is suspected. Recent reports have shown that the aspiration of pulmonary lesions can be utilized to obtain viable tumour cells for chemosensitivity testing. The aspiration of nodular pulmonary lesions should be considered when a diagnosis is not forthcoming from the usual investigative means, since there has been little morbidity and no mortality in the series. ImagesFIG. 1FIG. 2FIG. 3FIG. 4(a)FIG. 4(b)FIG. 5 PMID:4923390

  1. Single-Institution Results of Image-Guided Nonplugged Percutaneous Versus Transjugular Liver Biopsy

    SciTech Connect

    Hardman, Rulon L.; Perrich, Kiley D.; Silas, Anne M.

    2011-04-15

    Purpose: To retrospectively review patients who underwent transjugular and image-guided percutaneous biopsy and compare the relative risk of ascites, thrombocytopenia, and coagulopathy. Materials and Methods: From August 2001 through February 2006, a total of 238 liver biopsies were performed. The radiologist reviewed all patient referrals for transjugular biopsy. These patients either underwent transjugular biopsy or were reassigned to percutaneous biopsy (crossover group). Patients referred to percutaneous image-guided liver biopsy underwent this same procedure. Biopsies were considered successful if a tissue diagnosis could be made from the samples obtained. Results: A total of 36 transjugular biopsies were performed with 3 total (8.3%) and 1 major (2.8%) complications. A total of 171 percutaneous biopsies were performed with 10 (5.8%) total and 3 (1.8%) major complications. The crossover group showed a total of 4 (12.9%) complications with 1 (3.2%) major complication. Sample adequacy was 91.9% for transjugular and 99.5% for percutaneous biopsy. Conclusion: Both transjugular and percutaneous liver biopsy techniques are efficacious and safe. Contraindications such as thrombocytopenia, coagulopathy, and ascites are indicators of greater complications but are not necessarily prevented by transjugular biopsy. Percutaneous biopsy more frequently yields a diagnostic specimen than transjugular biopsy.

  2. Laparoscopic-Assisted Percutaneous Endoscopic Transgastrostomy Jejunostomy

    PubMed Central

    Dimofte, Mihail-Gabriel; Nicolescu, Simona; Ristescu, Irina; Lunca, Sorinel

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: New therapeutic protocols for patients with end-stage Parkinson disease include a carbidopa/levodopa combination using continuous, modulated enteral administration via a portable pump. The typical approach involves a percutaneous endoscopic transgastrostomy jejunostomy (PEG-J), which requires a combination of procedures designed to ensure that no organ is interposed between the abdominal wall and the gastric surface. Lack of transillumination in maximal endoscopic light settings is a major contraindication for PEG-J, and we decided to use a different approach to establish enteric access for long-term medication delivery via pump, using a minimally invasive procedure. Methods: In all patients, we performed a laparoscopic-assisted percutaneous transgastrostomy jejunostomy (LAPEG-J) after an unsuccessful endoscopic transillumination. Results: Five patients with end-stage Parkinson disease were referred to our department after successful therapeutic testing with administration of levodopa/carbidopa via naso-jejunal tube. All patients failed the endoscopic transillumination during the endoscopic procedure and were considered for LAPEG-J. In all patients, the LAPEG-J procedure was uneventful. The most common reason identified for failed transillumination was a high position of the stomach, followed by interposition of the liver or colon between the stomach and anterior abdominal wall. There were no complications regarding the LAPEG-J procedure, and all patients were discharged during the second postprocedural day. Conclusions: LAPEG-J provides a simple and safe option for placing a jejunostomy after an unsuccessful PEG-J attempt. PMID:25489214

  3. Clinical Evaluation of Success of Primary Teeth Pulpotomy Using Mineral Trioxide Aggregate®, Laser and BiodentineTM- an In Vivo Study

    PubMed Central

    Prasad, Madhu Ghanshyam; Vasa, Aron Arun Kumar; Divya, Gaddam; Thakur, Mukesh Singh; Saujanya, Kanithi

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Pulpotomy technique basically consists of removing the coronal pulp and fixing the radicular pulp with a medicament. It is the most widely accepted clinical procedure for treating primary teeth with coronal pulp inflammation caused by caries with no involvement of the radicular pulp. Aim To evaluate the success and efficacy of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA), Lasers and Biodentine as pulpotomy agents both clinically and radiographically. Materials and Methods In the present study, 60 primary molars in children whose pulpal status warranted pulpotomy were selected and randomly assigned into three groups that included MTA, Laser and Biodentine allocating 20 teeth to each group. The pulpotomy procedure was then performed on all selected teeth followed by restoration with stainless steel crowns. Later the patients were recalled for 3 months and 6 months for clinical and radiographic evaluation. Results Statistical analysis was done using Fisher exact test to determine pair wise comparison of three agents with respect to clinical and radiographic criteria. Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA, Mc Nemars test was applied to evaluate the efficacy of each agent between 3 months and 6 months. The results showed that maximum success rate was found in MTA group. However, the comparison between three groups was statistically not significant (p<0.05). Conclusion Pulpotomies performed with either MTA, Laser or Biodentine are equally efficient with similar clinical/radiographic success and hence can be considered as alternatives to Formocresol. PMID:26023640

  4. Percutaneous left ventricular support devices.

    PubMed

    Sarkar, Kunal; Kini, Annapoorna S

    2010-02-01

    Several new-generation percutaneous support devices are available or are in different stages of development for use in high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), cardiogenic shock, and for other indications. Preliminary studies have demonstrated the feasibility and safety of these devices and the beneficial effect on hemodynamic parameters. In this article, the authors discuss (1) the percutaneous circulatory support devices presently available and routinely used in the catheterization laboratory, (2) the technical aspects involved with insertion and removal, and (3) relevant data from randomized trials, meta-analyses, and registries about the benefits of their use in patients with cardiogenic shock complicating ST segment elevation myocardial infarction and in those with significant left ventricular systolic dysfunction undergoing complex PCI. PMID:19962057

  5. Design and testing of a percutaneously implantable fetal pacemaker.

    PubMed

    Loeb, Gerald E; Zhou, Li; Zheng, Kaihui; Nicholson, Adriana; Peck, Raymond A; Krishnan, Anjana; Silka, Michael; Pruetz, Jay; Chmait, Ramen; Bar-Cohen, Yaniv

    2013-01-01

    We are developing a cardiac pacemaker with a small, cylindrical shape that permits percutaneous implantation into a fetus to treat complete heart block and consequent hydrops fetalis, which can otherwise be fatal. The device uses off-the-shelf components including a rechargeable lithium cell and a highly efficient relaxation oscillator encapsulated in epoxy and glass. A corkscrew electrode made from activated iridium can be screwed into the myocardium, followed by release of the pacemaker and a short, flexible lead entirely within the chest of the fetus to avoid dislodgement from fetal movement. Acute tests in adult rabbits demonstrated the range of electrical parameters required for successful pacing and the feasibility of successfully implanting the device percutaneously under ultrasonic imaging guidance. The lithium cell can be recharged inductively as needed, as indicated by a small decline in the pulsing rate. PMID:22855119

  6. Design and Testing of a Percutaneously Implantable Fetal Pacemaker

    PubMed Central

    Loeb, Gerald E.; Zhou, Li; Zheng, Kaihui; Nicholson, Adriana; Peck, Raymond A.; Krishnan, Anjana; Silka, Michael; Pruetz, Jay; Chmait, Ramen; Bar-Cohen, Yaniv

    2012-01-01

    We are developing a cardiac pacemaker with a small, cylindrical shape that permits percutaneous implantation into a fetus to treat complete heart block and consequent hydrops fetalis, which can otherwise be fatal. The device uses off-the-shelf components including a rechargeable lithium cell and a highly efficient relaxation oscillator encapsulated in epoxy and glass. A corkscrew electrode made from activated iridium can be screwed into the myocardium, followed by release of the pacemaker and a short, flexible lead entirely within the chest of the fetus to avoid dislodgement from fetal movement. Acute tests in adult rabbits demonstrated the range of electrical parameters required for successful pacing and the feasibility of successfully implanting the device percutaneously under ultrasonic imaging guidance. The lithium cell can be recharged inductively as needed, as indicated by a small decline in the pulsing rate. PMID:22855119

  7. Percutaneous Management of Postoperative Duodenal Stump Leakage with Foley Catheter

    SciTech Connect

    Oh, Jung Suk Lee, Hae Giu Chun, Ho Jong; Choi, Byung Gil; Lee, Sang Hoon; Hahn, Seong Tai; Ohm, Joon Young

    2013-10-15

    Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate retrospectively the safety and efficacy of the percutaneous management of duodenal stump leakage with a Foley catheter after subtotal gastrectomy. Methods: Ten consecutive patients (M:F = 9:1, median age: 64 years) were included in this retrospective study. The duodenal stump leakages were diagnosed in all the patients within a median of 10 days (range, 6-20). At first, the patients underwent percutaneous drainage on the day of or the day after confirmation of the presence of duodenal stump leakage, and then the Foley catheters were replaced at a median of 9 days (range, 6-38) after the percutaneous drainage. Results: Foley catheters were placed successfully in the duodenal lumen of all the patients under a fluoroscopic guide. No complication was observed during and after the procedures in all the patients. All of the patients started a regular diet 1 day after the Foley catheter placement. The patients were discharged at a median of 7 days (range, 5-14) after the Foley catheter placement. The catheters were removed in an outpatient clinic 10-58 days (median, 28) after the Foley catheter placement. Conclusions: Fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous Foley catheter placement may be a safe and effective treatment option for postoperative duodenal stump leakage and may allow for shorter hospital stays, earlier oral intake, and more effective control of leakage sites.

  8. Primary cardiac lymphoma complicated by cardiogenic shock: successful treatment with chemotherapy delivered under extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support.

    PubMed

    Allain, Géraldine; Hajj-Chahine, Jamil; Lacroix, Corentin; Jayle, Christophe

    2015-12-01

    Primary cardiac lymphomas (PCLs) are rare in immunocompetent patients. Their clinical presentation is highly variable and in case of cardiogenic shock, death is often inevitable with a diagnosis made post-mortem. We report the case of a 65-year old immunocompetent man with cardiogenic shock requiring emergent extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Soon after, a diagnosis of PCL was given and chemotherapy was delivered under ECMO support. The patient was progressively weaned from the mechanical support. Six months later, he had fully recovered. PMID:25669647

  9. Space Shuttle Program Primary Avionics Software System (PASS) Success Legacy - Major Accomplishments and Lessons Learned Detail Historical Timeline Analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Orr, James K.

    2010-01-01

    This presentation focuses on the Space Shuttle Primary Avionics Software System (PASS) and the people who developed and maintained this system. One theme is to provide quantitative data on software quality and reliability over a 30 year period. Consistent data relates to code break discrepancies. Requirements were supplied from external sources. Requirement inspections and measurements not implemented until later, beginning in 1985. Second theme is to focus on the people and organization of PASS. Many individuals have supported the PASS project over the entire period while transitioning from company to company and contract to contract. Major events and transitions have impacted morale (both positively and negatively) across the life of the project.

  10. Percutaneous transluminal alcohol septal myocardial ablation after aortic valve replacement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sitges, M.; Kapadia, S.; Rubin, D. N.; Thomas, J. D.; Tuzcu, M. E.; Lever, H. M.

    2001-01-01

    When left ventricular outflow tract obstruction develops after aortic valve replacement, few treatment choices have been available until now. We present a patient with prior aortic valve replacement who developed left ventricle outflow tract obstruction that was successfully treated with a percutaneous transcoronary myocardial septal alcohol ablation. This technique is a useful tool for the treatment of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, especially in those patients with prior heart surgery. Copyright 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  11. Aortic dissection after superior mesenteric artery percutaneous stenting. Case report.

    PubMed

    Socrate, A M; Locati, P; Marchetti, G

    2000-03-01

    We report an unusual case of aortic dissection after superior mesenteric artery percutaneous stenting. A 44-year-old patient, who suffered from back pain and fever, was diagnosed as having an aortic dissection. Aortic dissection, extending from the aortic arch (just after left subclavian artery origin) to the aortic carrefour, was successfully diagnosed by means of Duplex scan and CT scan examination. Two pathogenetic hypotheses, malformative and iatrogenic, were discussed. PMID:10838838

  12. Splenic arteriovenous fistula treated with percutaneous transarterial embolization.

    PubMed

    Madsen, M A; Frevert, S; Madsen, P L; Eiberg, J P

    2008-11-01

    Splenic arteriovenous fistula is a rare complication following splenectomy. We report a case of a large splenic arteriovenous fistula 23 years after splenectomy in a 50-year old male with abdominal pain, gastro-intestinal bleeding, ascites, diarrhoea, dyspnoea, portal hypertension and heart failure. The arteriovenous fistula was successfully treated with percutaneous transarterial embolization and the patient gained almost complete recovery. This case demonstrates the usefulness of embolization of an otherwise surgical demanding arteriovenous fistula. PMID:18774314

  13. Academic success across the transition from primary to secondary schooling among lower-income adolescents: understanding the effects of family resources and gender.

    PubMed

    Serbin, Lisa A; Stack, Dale M; Kingdon, Danielle

    2013-09-01

    Successful academic performance during adolescence is a key predictor of lifetime achievement, including occupational and social success. The present study investigated the important transition from primary to secondary schooling during early adolescence, when academic performance among youth often declines. The goal of the study was to understand how risk factors, specifically lower family resources and male gender, threaten academic success following this "critical transition" in schooling. The study involved a longitudinal examination of the predictors of academic performance in grades 7-8 among 127 (56 % girls) French-speaking Quebec (Canada) adolescents from lower-income backgrounds. As hypothesized based on transition theory, hierarchical regression analyses showed that supportive parenting and specific academic, social and behavioral competencies (including spelling ability, social skills, and lower levels of attention problems) predicted success across this transition among at-risk youth. Multiple-mediation procedures demonstrated that the set of compensatory factors fully mediated the negative impact of lower family resources on academic success in grades 7-8. Unique mediators (social skills, spelling ability, supportive parenting) also were identified. In addition, the "gender gap" in performance across the transition could be attributed statistically to differences between boys and girls in specific competencies observed prior to the transition, as well as differential parenting (i.e., support from mother) towards girls and boys. The present results contribute to our understanding of the processes by which established risk factors, such as low family income and gender impact development and academic performance during early adolescence. These "transitional" processes and subsequent academic performance may have consequences across adolescence and beyond, with an impact on lifetime patterns of achievement and occupational success. PMID:23904002

  14. Biotechnological reduction of sulfide in an industrial primary wastewater treatment system: A sustainable and successful case study

    SciTech Connect

    Rajamani, S.

    1996-12-31

    The leather industry is an important export-oriented industry in India, with more than 3,000 tanneries located in different clusters. Sodium sulfide, a toxic chemical, is used in large quantities to remove hair and excess flesh from hides and skins. Most of the sodium sulfide used in the process is discharged as waste in the effluent, which causes serious environmental problems. Reduction of sulfide in the effluent is generally achieved by means of chemicals in the pretreatment system, which involves aerobic mixing using large amounts of chemicals and high energy, and generating large volumes of sludge. A simple biotechnological system that uses the residual biosludge from the secondary settling tank was developed, and the commercial-scale application established that more than 90% of the sulfide could be reduced in the primary treatment system. In addition to the reduction of sulfide, foul smells, BOD and COD are reduced to a considerable level. 3 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  15. Mycorrhiza-plant colonization patterns on a subalpine glacier forefront as a model system of primary succession.

    PubMed

    Cázares, Efrén; Trappe, James M; Jumpponen, Ari

    2005-09-01

    Lyman glacier in the North Cascades Mountains of Washington has a subalpine forefront characterized by a well-developed terminal moraine, inconspicuous successional moraines, fluting, and outwash. These deposits were depleted of symbiotic fungi when first exposed but colonized by them over time after exposure. Four major groups of plant species in this system are (1) mycorrhiza-independent or facultative mycotrophic, (2) dependent on arbuscular mycorrhizae (AM) (3) dependent on ericoid mycorrhiza (ERM) or ectomycorrhizae (EM), and (4) colonized by dark-septate (DS) endophytes. We hypothesized that availability of mycorrhizal propagules was related to the success of mycorrhiza-dependent plants in colonizing new substrates in naturally evolved ecosystems. To test this hypothesis roots samples of 66 plant species were examined for mycorrhizal colonization. The plants were sampled from communities at increasing distances from the glacier terminus to compare the newest communities with successively older ones. Long established, secondary successional dry meadow communities adjacent to the glacier forefront, and nearby high alpine communities were sampled for comparison. DS were common on most plant species on the forefront. Nonmycorrhizal plants predominated in the earlier successional sites, whereas the proportion of mycorrhizal plants generally increased with age of community. AM were present, mostly at low levels, and nearly absent in two sites of the forefront. ERM were present in all species of Ericaceae sampled, and EM in all species of Pinaceae and Salicaceae. Roots of plants in the long established meadow and heath communities adjacent to the forefront and the high alpine community all had one or another of the colonization types, with DS and AM predominating. PMID:15772815

  16. Percutaneous renal biopsy as an outpatient procedure.

    PubMed Central

    Alebiosu, Christopher O.; Kadiri, Solomon

    2004-01-01

    Percutaneous renal biopsy (PRB) is a safe and effective tool in the diagnosis and management of renal disease. It is the gold standard for evaluating renal parenchymal disease. It is both useful for diagnosis and monitoring progress of renal diseases. Where facilities and personnel are available to carry out the procedure in developing countries, it has become increasingly difficult for patients to pay for hospital admission fees, the procedure, and processing of the samples obtained. Information on the success rate and safety of the procedure is of interest to nephrologists for cost-benefit considerations and medicolegal purposes. This paper reports the outcome of outpatient PRB done among patients of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. With the use of ultrasound guidance, PRB remains a safe procedure and can be done on an outpatient basis. PMID:15481751

  17. The value of percutaneous cholangiography

    PubMed Central

    Evison, Gordon; McNulty, Myles; Thomson, Colin

    1973-01-01

    Percutaneous cholangiograms performed on fifty patients in a district general hospital have been reviewed, and the advantages and limitations of the examination are described. The investigation is considered to have sufficient diagnostic value to warrant its inclusion in the diagnostic armamentarium of every general radiological department. ImagesFig. 1Fig. 2Fig. 3Fig. 4 PMID:4788917

  18. Femoral versus Radial Access in Primary Angioplasty. Analysis of the ACCEPT Registry

    PubMed Central

    de Andrade, Pedro Beraldo; de Andrade, Mônica Vieira Athanazio; Barbosa, Robson Alves; Labrunie, André; Hernandes, Mauro Esteves; Marino, Roberto Luiz; Precoma, Dalton Bertolim; de Sá, Francisco Carleial Feijó; Berwanger, Otávio; Mattos, Luiz Alberto Piva e

    2014-01-01

    Background The radial access provides a lower risk of bleeding and vascular complications related to the puncture site in comparison to the femoral access. Recent studies have suggested a reduction in mortality associated with the radial access in patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Objective To compare the occurrence of adverse cardiovascular ischemic and hemorrhagic events in patients undergoing primary angioplasty according to the type of arterial access route. Methods From August 2010 to December 2011, 588 patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention during acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction were assessed; they were recruited from 47 centers participating in the ACCEPT registry. Patients were grouped and compared according to the arterial access used for the procedure. Results The mean age was 61.8 years; 75% were males and 24% had diabetes mellitus. There was no difference between groups as regards the procedure success rate, as well as regards the occurrence of death, reinfarction, or stroke at six months of follow-up. Severe bleeding was reported in 1.1% of the sample analyzed, with no statistical difference related to the access used. Conclusions The femoral and radial accesses are equally safe and effective for the performance of primary percutaneous coronary intervention. The low rate of cardiovascular events and of hemorrhagic complications reflects the quality of the participating centers and the operators expertise with the use of both techniques. PMID:25004418

  19. [Ultrasound-guided percutaneous nephrostomy].

    PubMed

    Martino, P

    2000-12-01

    Percutaneous nephrostomy is a mini-invasive technique that creates an external outlet from the renal excretory tract through a catheter inserted through the flank. Indications for this procedure are of both diagnostic and therapeutic type. The nephrostomic catheter is generally positioned under ultrasound guidance, which has the advantages of showing the localization of the renal cavities and the depth of the kidney, and can be used during pregnancy and in subjects with allergy to contrast medium or with reduced renal function. When possible, it is best to associate US with fluoroscopic guidance, as this association has been found to guarantee a success rate exceeding 98%. Within the kidney, the zone known as Broedel's avascular plane, where the terminal branches of the posterior and anterior arterial systems meet, is the safest place to pass the nephrostomic catheter through, as there is little vascularization in this zone. Access is generally posterior and at the level of the inferior calyx, by means of Seldinger's, the one step or a mixed access technique involving a catheter sheathing a metal cannula. Seldinger's access technique is most commonly used, entailing explorative puncture of the renal cavity with a 22 G needle. We prefer to puncture the kidney direct, under US guidance and using an 18 G needle: a metal wire is passed through the needle and then after withdrawing the needle, the fascia dilators are inserted, of scaled widths increasing up to 2 G wider than the nephrostomic catheter. Care must be taken not to go beyond the curve of the guide wire to avoid trauma to the renal parenchyma. The most critical moment is when the catheter is inserted along the wire at the point of passage through the peri-renal fat: the catheter tends to deflect the point of the guide wire away from the desired direction as the peri-renal fat offers less resistance. The metal wire may be of variable rigidity and length, hydrophilic. The catheter may also be made of various materials: the ideal catheter should slide easily, be flexible, soft and resist encrustation. Each material has its own characteristics but polyurethane is the most ductile and is generally used for nephrostomic catheters. The catheter can also feature different types of point and width and may be autostatic like the Foley catheter or else a cope loop. PMID:11221064

  20. Percutaneous Therapy of Ureteral Obstructions and Leak After Renal Transplantation: Long-Term Results

    SciTech Connect

    Aytekin, Cueneyt Boyvat, Fatih; Harman, Ali; Ozyer, Umut; Colak, Turan; Haberal, Mehmet

    2007-11-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of percutaneous therapy of ureteral complications after renal transplantation. Between January 2000 and June 2006 we percutaneously treated 26 renal transplant patients with ureteral obstruction (n=19) and leak (n=7). Obstructions were classified as early (<2 months after transplantation) or late (>2 months). Patients with leak were treated with nephro-ureteral catheter placement and subsequent double-J stenting. Balloon dilatation, stent placement, and basket extraction were used to treat ureteral obstructions. Patients were followed with ultrasonography. No major procedure-related complication occurred. The mean follow-up time was 34.3 months (range: 6 to 74 months). Initial clinical success was achieved in all 19 patients with obstruction and 6 of 7 patients with leak. Four of 9 early obstructions and 4 of 10 late obstructions recurred during the follow-up. All recurrences were initially managed again with percutaneous methods, including cutting balloon technique and metallic stent placement. Although there was no recurrence in patients with successfully treated leak, stricture was seen at the previous leak site in two patients. These strictures were also successfully managed percutaneously. We conclude that in the treatment of ureteral obstruction and leak following renal transplantation, percutaneous therapy is an effective alternative to surgery. However, further interventions are usually needed to maintain long-term patency.

  1. Percutaneous Endoluminal Bypass of Iliac Aneurysms with a Covered Stent

    SciTech Connect

    Ruebben, Alexander; Tettoni, Serena; Muratore, Pierluigi; Rossato, Dennis; Savio, Daniele; Rabbia, Claudio

    1998-07-15

    To evaluate the feasibility of percutaneous treatment of iliac aneurysms, a covered stent was inserted in nine men suffering from common iliac artery aneurysms (six cases), external iliac aneurysms (one case), or pseudoaneurysms (two cases). Placement of the stent was successful in all patients. In one patient, an endoprosthesis thrombosed after 15 days, but was successfully treated by thrombolysis and additional stent placement. At the follow-up examinations (mean period 22 months) all stent-grafts had remained patent. No late leakage or stenosis was observed.

  2. Percutaneous Transsplenic Access to the Portal Vein for Management of Vascular Complication in Patients with Chronic Liver Disease

    SciTech Connect

    Chu, Hee Ho; Kim, Hyo-Cheol Jae, Hwan Jun; Yi, Nam-Joon; Lee, Kwang-Woong; Suh, Kyung-Suk; Chung, Jin Wook; Park, Jae Hyung

    2012-12-15

    Purpose: To evaluate the safety and feasibility of percutaneous transsplenic access to the portal vein for management of vascular complication in patients with chronic liver diseases. Methods: Between Sept 2009 and April 2011, percutaneous transsplenic access to the portal vein was attempted in nine patients with chronic liver disease. Splenic vein puncture was performed under ultrasonographic guidance with a Chiba needle, followed by introduction of a 4 to 9F sheath. Four patients with hematemesis or hematochezia underwent variceal embolization. Another two patients underwent portosystemic shunt embolization in order to improve portal venous blood flow. Portal vein recanalization was attempted in three patients with a transplanted liver. The percutaneous transsplenic access site was closed using coils and glue. Results: Percutaneous transsplenic splenic vein catheterization was performed successfully in all patients. Gastric or jejunal varix embolization with glue and lipiodol mixture was performed successfully in four patients. In two patients with a massive portosystemic shunt, embolization of the shunting vessel with a vascular plug, microcoils, glue, and lipiodol mixture was achieved successfully. Portal vein recanalization was attempted in three patients with a transplanted liver; however, only one patient was treated successfully. Complete closure of the percutaneous transsplenic tract was achieved using coils and glue without bleeding complication in all patients. Conclusion: Percutaneous transsplenic access to the portal vein can be an alternative route for portography and further endovascular management in patients for whom conventional approaches are difficult or impossible.

  3. Percutaneous Transumbilical Portal Vein Embolization in a Patient with a Ruptured Hepatocellular Carcinoma Supplied by the Portal Vein

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Soo Chin; Kim, Hyo-Cheol Chung, Jin Wook; Jae, Hwan Jun; Park, Jae Hyung

    2011-02-15

    We describe a case of a ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma supplied by the portal vein that was successfully treated with portal vein embolization via a percutaneous transumbilical approach. A contrast material-enhanced computed tomographic (CT) scan showed the presence of a large hypervascular tumor on portal venous phase as well as right hepatic vein thrombosis and hemoperitoneum that prevented portal vein embolization by the use of the percutaneous and transjugular transhepatic approach. The use of percutaneous transumbilical portal vein embolization can be an alternative option in this situation.

  4. Preliminary clinical trial in percutaneous nephrolithotomy using a real-time navigation system for percutaneous kidney access

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodrigues, Pedro L.; Moreira, António H. J.; Rodrigues, Nuno F.; Pinho, A. C. M.; Fonseca, Jaime C.; Lima, Estevão.; Vilaça, João. L.

    2014-03-01

    Background: Precise needle puncture of renal calyces is a challenging and essential step for successful percutaneous nephrolithotomy. This work tests and evaluates, through a clinical trial, a real-time navigation system to plan and guide percutaneous kidney puncture. Methods: A novel system, entitled i3DPuncture, was developed to aid surgeons in establishing the desired puncture site and the best virtual puncture trajectory, by gathering and processing data from a tracked needle with optical passive markers. In order to navigate and superimpose the needle to a preoperative volume, the patient, 3D image data and tracker system were previously registered intraoperatively using seven points that were strategically chosen based on rigid bone structures and nearby kidney area. In addition, relevant anatomical structures for surgical navigation were automatically segmented using a multi-organ segmentation algorithm that clusters volumes based on statistical properties and minimum description length criterion. For each cluster, a rendering transfer function enhanced the visualization of different organs and surrounding tissues. Results: One puncture attempt was sufficient to achieve a successful kidney puncture. The puncture took 265 seconds, and 32 seconds were necessary to plan the puncture trajectory. The virtual puncture path was followed correctively until the needle tip reached the desired kidney calyceal. Conclusions: This new solution provided spatial information regarding the needle inside the body and the possibility to visualize surrounding organs. It may offer a promising and innovative solution for percutaneous punctures.

  5. Percutaneous absorption in the aged.

    PubMed

    Roskos, K V; Guy, R H; Maibach, H I

    1986-07-01

    The work described in this article reveals a remarkable lack of consensus as to whether percutaneous absorption changes as humans grow older. The data that have been recorded point to possible significant alterations in the barrier function with age. The importance of these observations with respect to dermatopharmacology and dermatotoxicology is clear. The absence of a clearly defined relationship between aging, percutaneous penetration, and the properties of the molecules crossing the skin barrier represents an unacceptable gap in fundamental dermatologic knowledge. With the changing demographic pattern of Western civilization and the increasing awareness of human subjects for the condition of their skin, and the potential for drug delivery via their skin, it is crucial that we begin to establish precisely how the barrier function alters with increasing age. The answer to this question may permit unique improvements in the quality of both local and systemic health in aging populations. PMID:3521990

  6. Effects of seabird nitrogen input on biomass and carbon accumulation after 50 years of primary succession on a young volcanic island, Surtsey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leblans, N. I. W.; Sigurdsson, B. D.; Roefs, P.; Thuys, R.; Magnússon, B.; Janssens, I. A.

    2014-05-01

    What happens during primary succession after the first colonizers have occupied a pristine surface largely depends on how they ameliorate living conditions for other species. For vascular plants the onset of soil development and associated increase in nutrient (mainly nitrogen, N) and water availability is especially important. Here, we report the relation between N accumulation and biomass- and ecosystem carbon (C) stocks in a 50 year old volcanic island, Surtsey, in Iceland, where N stocks are still exceptionally low. However, 27 year old seagull colony on the island provided nutrient-enriched areas, which enabled us to assess the relationship between N stock and biomass- and ecosystem C stocks across a much larger range in N stock. Further, we compared areas on shallow and deep tephra sands as we expected that deep-rooted systems would be more efficient in retaining N. The sparsely vegetated area outside the colony was more efficient in N retention than we expected and had accumulated 0.7 kg N ha-1 yr-1, which was ca. 60% of the estimated N input rate from wet deposition. The seagulls have added, on average, 47 kg N ha-1 yr-1, which induced a shift from belowground to aboveground in ecosystem N and C stocks and doubled the ecosystem "N use efficiency", determined as the ratio of biomass and C storage per unit N input. Soil depth did not significantly affect total N stocks, which suggests a high N retention potential. Both total ecosystem biomass and C stocks were strongly correlated with N stock inside the colony, which indicated the important role of N during the first steps of primary succession. Inside the colony, the ecosystem biomass C stocks (17-27 kg C ha-1) had reached normal values for grasslands, while the soil organic carbon stocks (SOC; 4-10 kg C ha-1) were only a fraction of normal grassland values. Thus, it will take a long time until the SOC stock reaches equilibrium with the current primary production; during which conditions for new colonists may change.

  7. Effects of seabird nitrogen input on biomass and carbon accumulation after 50 years of primary succession on a young volcanic island, Surtsey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leblans, N. I. W.; Sigurdsson, B. D.; Roefs, P.; Thuys, R.; Magnússon, B.; Janssens, I. A.

    2014-11-01

    What happens during primary succession after the first colonizers have occupied a pristine surface largely depends on how they ameliorate living conditions for other species. For vascular plants the onset of soil development and associated increase in nutrient (mainly nitrogen; N) and water availability is especially important. Here, we report the relationship between N accumulation and biomass and ecosystem carbon (C) stocks in a 50-year-old volcanic island, Surtsey, Iceland, where N stocks are still exceptionally low. However, a 28-year-old seagull colony on the island provided nutrient-enriched areas, which enabled us to assess the relationship between N stock and biomass and ecosystem C stocks across a much larger range in N stock. Further, we compared areas on shallow and deep tephra sands as we expected that deep-rooted systems would be more efficient in retaining N. The sparsely vegetated area outside the colony had accumulated 0.7 kg N ha-1 yr-1, which was ca. 50-60% of the estimated N input rate from wet deposition. This approximates values for systems under low N input and bare dune habitats. The seagulls have added, on average, 47 kg N ha-1 yr-1, which induced a shift from belowground to aboveground in ecosystem N and C stocks and doubled the ecosystem N-use efficiency, determined as the ratio of biomass and C storage per unit N input. Soil depth did not significantly affect total N stocks, which suggests a high N retention potential. Both total ecosystem biomass and C stocks were strongly correlated with N stock inside the colony, which indicated the important role of N during the first steps of primary succession. Inside the colony, the ecosystem biomass C stocks (17-27 ton C ha-1) had reached normal values for grasslands, while the soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks (4-10 ton C ha-1 were only a fraction of normal grassland values. Thus, it will take a long time until the SOC stock reaches equilibrium with the current primary production, during which conditions for new colonists may change.

  8. Temporal-Spatial Variation and Controls of Soil Respiration in Different Primary Succession Stages on Glacier Forehead in Gongga Mountain, China

    PubMed Central

    Luo, Ji; Chen, Youchao; Wu, Yanhong; Shi, Peili; She, Jia; Zhou, Peng

    2012-01-01

    Soil respiration (SR) is an important process in the global carbon cycle. It is difficult to estimate SR emission accurately because of its temporal and spatial variability. Primary forest succession on Glacier forehead provides the ideal environment for examining the temporal-spatial variation and controlling factors of SR. However, relevant studies on SR are relatively scarce, and variations, as well as controlling factors, remain uncertain in this kind of region. In this study, we used a static chamber system to measure SR in six sites which represent different stages of forest succession on forehead of a temperate glacier in Gongga Mountain, China. Our results showed that there was substantial temporal (coefficient of variation (CV) ranged from 39.3% to 73.9%) and spatial (CV ranged from 12.3% to 88.6%) variation in SR. Soil temperature (ST) at 5 cm depth was the major controlling factor of temporal variation in all six sites. Spatial variation in SR was mainly caused by differences in plant biomass and Total N among the six sites. Moreover, soil moisture (SM), microbial biomass carbon (MBC), soil organic carbon (SOC), pH and bulk density could influence SR by directly or indirectly affecting plant biomass and Total N. Q10 values (ranged from 2.1 to 4.7) increased along the forest succession, and the mean value (3.3) was larger than that of temperate ecosystems, which indicated a general tendency towards higher-Q10 in colder ecosystems than in warmer ecosystems. Our findings provided valuable information for understanding temporal-spatial variation and controlling factors of SR. PMID:22879950

  9. Management of pediatric pyocele using percutaneous imaging-guided aspiration

    PubMed Central

    Oberlin, Daniel T.; Cheng, Earl Y.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Pyocele of the scrotum is a rare clinical entity not well-described in the pediatric literature. With the exception of those patients who cannot undergo surgery, all published cases have been treated definitely with surgical drainage with severe cases leading to orchiectomy. Presentation of case A 12 day-old full-term boy with no significant medical history presented to the emergency department with a two-day history of fever, right hemiscrotal redness, swelling and discomfort. Scrotal ultrasound revealed findings consistent with an acute pyocele of the tunica vaginalis also known as an infected hydrocele. The infection was successfully managed with ultrasound-guided transcutaneous aspiration under local anesthesia. Discussion To the best of our knowledge, this is the first description of percutaneous aspiration of infant pyocele Pediatric patients diagnosed with acute pyocele require immediate urologic evaluation, with a consideration for surgical exploration and drainage. Unfortunately, orchiectomy may be required at the time of surgical exploration in severe cases. Percutaneous drainage is a non-operative, minimally invasive treatment modality that avoids orchiectomy and the risks of general anesthesia. Conclusion Percutaneous drainage avoids open surgical exploration, expedites recovery, and is performed in the absence of general anesthesia in select cases. PMID:26453938

  10. Percutaneous treatment of cervical and lumbar herniated disc.

    PubMed

    Kelekis, A; Filippiadis, D K

    2015-05-01

    Therapeutic armamentarium for symptomatic intervertebral disc herniation includes conservative therapy, epidural infiltrations (interlaminar or trans-foraminal), percutaneous therapeutic techniques and surgical options. Percutaneous, therapeutic techniques are imaging-guided, minimally invasive treatments for intervertebral disc herniation which can be performed as outpatient procedures. They can be classified in 4 main categories: mechanical, thermal, chemical decompression and biomaterials implantation. Strict sterility measures are a prerequisite and should include extensive local sterility and antibiotic prophylaxis. Indications include the presence of a symptomatic, small to medium sized contained intervertebral disc herniation non-responding to a 4-6 weeks course of conservative therapy. Contraindications include sequestration, infection, segmental instability (spondylolisthesis), uncorrected coagulopathy or a patient unwilling to provide informed consent. Decompression techniques are feasible and reproducible, efficient (75-94% success rate) and safe (>0.5% mean complications rate) therapies for the treatment of symptomatic intervertebral disc herniation. Percutaneous, imaging guided, intervertebral disc therapeutic techniques can be proposed either as an initial treatment or as an attractive alternative prior to surgery for the therapy of symptomatic herniation in both cervical and lumbar spine. This article will describe the mechanism of action for different therapeutic techniques applied to intervertebral discs of cervical and lumbar spine, summarize the data concerning safety and effectiveness of these treatments, and provide a rational approach for the therapy of symptomatic intervertebral disc herniation in cervical and lumbar spine. PMID:24673977

  11. Fluoroscopy guided percutaneous renal access in prone position

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Gyanendra R; Maheshwari, Pankaj N; Sharma, Anshu G; Maheshwari, Reeta P; Heda, Ritwik S; Maheshwari, Sakshi P

    2015-01-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a very commonly done procedure for management of renal calculus disease. Establishing a good access is the first and probably the most crucial step of this procedure. A proper access is the gateway to success. However, this crucial step has the steepest learning curve for, in a fluoroscopy guided access, it involves visualizing a three dimensional anatomy on a two dimensional fluoroscopy screen. This review describes the anatomical basis of the renal access. It provides a literature review of all aspects of percutaneous renal access along with the advances that have taken place in this field over the years. The article describes a technique to determine the site of skin puncture, the angle and depth of puncture using a simple mathematical principle. It also reviews the common problems faced during the process of puncture and dilatation and describes the ways to overcome them. The aim of this article is to provide the reader a step by step guide for percutaneous renal access. PMID:25789297

  12. Human Thrombin Injection for the Percutaneous Treatment of Iatrogenic Pseudoaneurysms

    SciTech Connect

    Elford, Julian; Burrell, Christopher; Freeman, Simon; Roobottom, Carl

    2002-03-15

    Purpose: Thrombin injection is becoming well established for the percutaneous management of iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms. All the published series to date use bovine thrombin,and there have been reports of adverse immunologic effects following its use. Our study aimed to assess the efficacy of human thrombin injection for pseudoaneurysm occlusion. Methods:Fourteen patients with iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms underwent a color Doppler ultrasound examination to assess their suitability for percutaneous human thrombin injection. Human thrombin 1000 IU was then injected into the pseudoaneurysm sac under sterile conditions and with ultrasound guidance. A further color Doppler ultrasound examination was performed 24 hr later to confirm occlusion. Results: All 14 pseudoaneurysms were successfully occluded by human thrombin injection. In two cases a second injection of thrombin was required,but there were no other complications, and all pseudoaneurysms remained occluded at 24 hr. Conclusion: Ultrasound-guided human thrombin injection is simple to perform, effective and safe. We recommend that human thrombin becomes the agent of choice for percutaneous injection into iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms.

  13. Percutaneous aspiration of fluid for management of peritonitis in space

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kirkpatrick, A. W.; Nicolaou, S.; Campbell, M. R.; Sargsyan, A. E.; Dulchavsky, S. A.; Melton, S.; Beck, G.; Dawson, D. L.; Billica, R. D.; Johnston, S. L.; Hamilton, D. R.

    2002-01-01

    BACKGROUND: As a medical emergency that can affect even well-screened, healthy individuals, peritonitis developing during a long-duration space exploration mission may dictate deviation from traditional clinical practice due to the absence of otherwise indicated surgical capabilities. Medical management can treat many intra-abdominal processes, but treatment failures are inevitable. In these circumstances, percutaneous aspiration under sonographic guidance could provide a "rescue" strategy. Hypothesis: Sonographically guided percutaneous aspiration of intra-peritoneal fluid can be performed in microgravity. METHODS: Investigations were conducted in the microgravity environment of NASA's KC-135 research aircraft (0 G). The subjects were anesthetized female Yorkshire pigs weighing 50 kg. The procedures were rehearsed in a terrestrial animal lab (1 G). Colored saline (500 mL) was introduced through an intra-peritoneal catheter during flight. A high-definition ultrasound system (HDI-5000, ATL, Bothell, WA) was used to guide a 16-gauge needle into the peritoneal cavity to aspirate fluid. RESULTS: Intra-peritoneal fluid collections were easily identified, distinct from surrounding viscera, and on occasion became more obvious during weightless conditions. Subjectively, with adequate restraint of the subject and operators, the procedure was no more demanding than during the 1-G rehearsals. CONCLUSIONS: Sonographically guided percutaneous aspiration of intra-peritoneal fluid collections is feasible in weightlessness. Treatment of intra-abdominal inflammatory conditions in spaceflight might rely on pharmacological options, backed by sonographically guided percutaneous aspiration for the "rescue" of treatment failures. While this risk mitigation strategy cannot guarantee success, it may be the most practical option given severe resource limitations.

  14. Percutaneous coronary intervention in the elderly with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

    PubMed Central

    Gao, Lei; Hu, Xin; Liu, Yu-Qi; Xue, Qiao; Feng, Quan-Zhou

    2014-01-01

    As a result of increased life expectancy, octogenarians constitute an increasing proportion of patients admitted to hospital for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Primary percutaneous coronary intervention is currently the treatment of choice for octogenarians presenting with STEMI. The recent literature on this topic has yielded controversial results, even though advances in drug-eluting stents and new types of antithrombotic agents are improving the management of STEMI and postoperative care. In this paper, we review the current status of percutaneous coronary intervention in the elderly with STEMI, including the reasons for their high mortality and morbidity, predictors of mortality, and strategies to improve outcomes. PMID:25114518

  15. Retrieval of Cement Embolus from Inferior Vena Cava After Percutaneous Vertebroplasty

    SciTech Connect

    Athreya, S.; Mathias, N.; Rogers, P.; Edwards, R.

    2009-07-15

    Percutaneous vertebroplasty is an accepted treatment for painful vertebral compression fractures caused by osteoporosis and malignant disease. Venous leakage of cement and pulmonary cement embolism have been reported complications. We describe a paravertebral venous cement leak resulting in the deposition of a cement cast in the inferior vena cava and successful retrieval of the cement embolus.

  16. Sclerotic Vertebral Metastases: Pain Palliation Using Percutaneous Image-Guided Cryoablation

    SciTech Connect

    Costa de Freitas, Ricardo Miguel Menezes, Marcos Roberto de; Cerri, Giovanni Guido; Gangi, Afshin

    2011-02-15

    Cryoablative therapies have been proposed to palliate pain from soft-tissue or osteolytic bone tumors. A case of a patient with painful thoracic and sacral spine sclerotic metastases successfully treated by image-guided percutaneous cryoablation with the aid of insulation techniques and thermosensors is reported in this case report.

  17. Percutaneous Ultrasound-Guided Thrombin Injection as First-Line Treatment of Pancreatic Pseudoaneurysm

    SciTech Connect

    McErlean, Aoife; Looby, Seamus; Lee, Michael J.

    2007-06-15

    Pancreatic pseudoaneurysms are a rare but potentially fatal complication of pancreatitis. Surgical intervention and transcatheter embolization are not always feasible therapeutic options. In this report we present a case of a pseudoaneurysm secondary to pancreatitis which, despite being angiographically invisible, was successfully embolized with a single ultrasound-guided percutaneous injection of thrombin.

  18. Percutaneous Transthoracic Computed Tomography-Guided AICD Insertion in a Patient with Extracardiac Fontan Conduit

    SciTech Connect

    Murphy, Darra T. Moynagh, Michael R.; Walsh, Kevin P.; Noelke, Lars; Murray, John G.

    2011-02-15

    Percutaneous pulmonary venous atrial puncture was performed under computed tomography guidance to successfully place an automated implantable cardiac defibrillator into a 26-year-old patient with extracardiac Fontan conduit who had presented with two out-of-hospital cardiac arrests. The procedure avoided the need for lead placement at thoracotomy.

  19. Injury of the ileum during percutaneous nephrolithotomy in a pediatric patient

    PubMed Central

    Saad, Karim S. M.; Hanno, Ahmed; El-Nahas, Ahmed R.

    2014-01-01

    Ileum injury during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is an extremely rare complication. We describe the successful management of an inadvertently injured ileum during subcostal PCNL in a 12-year-old boy. Mechanism of injury, presentation and management will be discussed. PMID:24678367

  20. Implementing a successful tuberculosis programme within primary care services in a conflict area using the stop TB strategy: Afghanistan case study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Afghanistan has faced health consequences of war including those due to displacement of populations, breakdown of health and social services, and increased risks of disease transmission for over three decades. Yet it was able to restructure its National Tuberculosis Control Programme (NTP), integrate tuberculosis treatment into primary health care and achieve most of its targets by the year 2011. What were the processes that enabled the programme to achieve its targets? More importantly, what were the underpinning factors that made this success possible? We addressed these important questions through a case study. Case description We adopted a processes and outcomes framework for this study, which began with examining the change in key programme indicators, followed by backwards tracing of the processes and underlying factors, responsible for this change. Methods included review of the published and grey literature along with in-depth interviews of 15 key informants involved with the care of tuberculosis patients in Afghanistan. Discussion and evaluation TB incidence and mortality per 100,000 decreased from 325 and 92 to 189 and 39 respectively, while case notification and treatment success improved during the decade under study. Efficient programme structures were enabled through high political commitment from the Government, strong leadership from the programme, effective partnership and coordination among stakeholders, and adequate technical and financial support from the development partners. Conclusions The NTP Afghanistan is an example that public health programmes can be effectively implemented in fragile states. High political commitment and strong local leadership are essential factors for such programmes. To ensure long-term effectiveness of the NTP, the international support should be withdrawn in a phased manner, coupled with a sequential increase in resources allocated to the NTP by the Government of Afghanistan. PMID:24507446

  1. Current status of percutaneous vertebroplasty and percutaneous kyphoplasty – a review

    PubMed Central

    Yimin, Yang; Zhiwei, Ren; Wei, Ma; Jha, Rajiv

    2013-01-01

    Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV) and kyphoplasty (PK) are the 2 vertebral augmentation procedures that have emerged as minimally invasive surgical options to treat painful vertebral compression fractures (VCF) during the last 2 decades. VCF may either be osteoporotic or tumor-associated. Two hundred million women are affected by osteoporosis globally. Vertebral fracture may result in acute pain around the fracture site, loss of vertebral height due to vertebral collapse, spinal instability, and kyphotic deformity. The main goal of the PV and PK procedures is to give immediate pain relief to patients and restore the vertebral height lost due to fracture. In percutaneous vertebroplasty, bone cement is injected through a minimal incision into the fractured site. Kyphoplasty involves insertion of a balloon into the fractured site, followed by inflation-deflation to create a cavity into which the filler material is injected, and the balloon is taken out prior to cement injection. This literature review presents a qualitative overview on the current status of vertebral augmentation procedures, especially PV and PK, and compares the efficacy and safety of these 2 procedures. The review consists of a brief history of the development of these 2 techniques, a discussion on the current research on the bone cement, clinical outcome of the 2 procedures, and it also sheds light on ongoing and future research to maximize the efficacy and safety of vertebral augmentation procedures. PMID:24097261

  2. Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation in a single artery branch: A preliminary experience

    PubMed Central

    Chessa, Massimo; Butera, Gianfranco; Giugno, Luca; Micheletti, Angelo; Negura, Diana G; Carminati, Mario

    2015-01-01

    To describe preliminary experience of percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation, in a single pulmonary branch position. Two procedures in 2 patients from a single center are described, where implantation of percutaneous valves within a single pulmonary artery branch was technically successful. The procedural indication was pulmonary valve regurgitation and/or residual stenosis. The 2 patients were symptomatic. An Edwards Sapien™ valve (Patient 1), and a Medtronic Melody™ valve (Patient 2) were implanted. Both pts were discharged with an excellent valve function. In this report it is underlined that this modality is technically feasible and may be considered an option in patients with congenital heart defect under special circumstances. PMID:26516424

  3. A novel technique in the treatment of retroperitoneal lymphatic leakage: direct percutaneous embolization through the leakage pouch

    PubMed Central

    Dinç, Hasan; O?uz, ?ükrü; Sar?, Ahmet

    2015-01-01

    Lymphangiography and percutaneous embolization of injured lymphatics are minimally invasive and effective techniques for the diagnosis and treatment of thoracic and retroperitoneal lymphatic leaks. We present a 58-year-old man who had abdominal chylous collection developed after multiple abdominal surgeries. Retroperitoneal lymphatic duct leakage was detected by ultrasound-guided intranodal lymphangiography and treated successfully using computed tomography (CT)-guided transabdominal embolization with percutaneous N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) glue and percutaneous NBCA glue and coil embolization by directly catheterizing the leaking lymphatic channel through the chylous collection. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a lymphatic leakage case treated by percutaneous direct catheterization and embolization of leaking lymphatic channels through the chylous fluid collection. PMID:26200485

  4. Imaging and Percutaneous Management of Acute Complicated Pancreatitis

    SciTech Connect

    Shankar, Sridhar; Sonnenberg, Eric van; Silverman, Stuart G.; Tuncali, Kemal; Banks, Peter A.

    2004-11-15

    Acute pancreatitis varies from a mild, self-limited disease to one with significant morbidity and mortality in its most severe forms. While clinical criteria abound, imaging has become indispensable to diagnose the extent of the disease and its complications, as well as to guide and monitor therapy. Percutaneous interventional techniques offer options that can be life-saving, surgery-sparing or important adjuncts to operation. Close cooperation and communication between the surgeon, gastroenterologist and interventional radiologist enhance the likelihood of successful patient care.

  5. Advances in percutaneous therapy for upper extremity arterial disease.

    PubMed

    Capers, Quinn; Phillips, John

    2011-08-01

    Upper extremity arteries are affected by occlusive diseases from diverse causes, with atherosclerosis being the most common. Although the overriding principle in managing patients with upper extremity arterial occlusive disease should be cardiovascular risk reduction by noninvasive and pharmacologic means, when target organ ischemia produces symptoms or threatens the patient's well-being, revascularization is necessary. Given their minimally invasive nature and successful outcomes, percutaneous catheter-based therapies are preferred to surgical approaches. The fact that expertise in these techniques resides in not one but several disciplines (vascular surgery, radiology, cardiology, vascular medicine) makes this an area ripe for multidisciplinary collaboration to the benefit of patients. PMID:21803225

  6. Comparison Of Percutaneous Laser Discectomy With Other Modalities For The Treatment Of Herniated Lumbar Discs And Cadaveric Studies Of Percutaneous Laser Discectomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johansen, W. E.; Smith, Chadwick F.; Vangsness, Thomas; McEleney, Emmett T.; Yamaguchi, Ken; Bales, Peter

    1987-03-01

    Current modalities for treating a herniated lumbar disc include standard open discectomy, microsurgical discectomy, chemonucleoysis and percutaneous discectomy. The Food and Drug Administration has not yet approved percutaneous laser discectomy for clinical investigation. The investigators believe that percutaneous laser discectomy combines the efficacy of both chemonucleoysis and percutaneous discectomy with the safety of both open standard discectomy and microsurgical discectomy. The investigators removed two lumbar discs from a cadaveric spine and weighed each of them. The two lumbar discs weighed in the range of 13.654 grams and 15.713 grams, respectively. The investigators initiated several series of 10 firing cycles from a surgical carbon dioxide laser system. In each firing cycle the surgical carbon dioxide laser system delivered a beam of light energy having an output power of 18.0 watts at pulse duration of 0.045 second at the rate of 15 pulses per second for a period of 6 seconds and vaporized approximately 325 milligrams of disc material. Based on the findings of other investigators reported in the literature relating to percutaneous discectomy the investigators postulated that 10 to 20 firing cycles are required to vaporize 30 to 40% (2.4 to 6.4 grams) of the disc material. The investigators initiated two series of 10 firing cycles in order to perform laser discectomy in a third lumbar disc of the cadaveric spine in situ. The investigators harvested and then bisected the laser-treated third lumbar disc for gross review. Their gross findings indicated a high probability of success For percutaneous laser discectomy.

  7. Replacement of Mushroom Cage Gastrostomy Tube Using a Modified Technique to Allow Percutaneous Replacement with an Endoscopic Tube in Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    SciTech Connect

    Ammar, Thoraya; Rio, Alan; Ampong, Mary Ann; Sidhu, Paul S.

    2010-06-15

    Radiologic inserted gastrostomy (RIG) is the preferred method in our institution for enteral feeding in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Skin-level primary-placed mushroom cage gastrostomy tubes become tight with weight gain. We describe a minimally invasive radiologic technique for replacing mushroom gastrostomy tubes with endoscopic mushroom cage tubes in ALS. All patients with ALS who underwent replacement of a RIG tube were included. Patients were selected for a modified replacement when the tube length of the primary placed RIG tube was insufficient to allow like-for-like replacement. Replacement was performed under local anesthetic and fluoroscopic guidance according to a preset technique, with modification of an endoscopic mushroom cage gastrostomy tube to allow percutaneous placement. Assessment of the success, safety, and durability of the modified technique was undertaken. Over a 60-month period, 104 primary placement mushroom cage tubes in ALS were performed. A total of 20 (19.2%) of 104 patients had a replacement tube positioned, 10 (9.6%) of 104 with the modified technique (male n = 4, female n = 6, mean age 65.5 years, range 48-85 years). All tubes were successfully replaced using this modified technique, with two minor complications (superficial wound infection and minor hemorrhage). The mean length of time of tube durability was 158.5 days (range 6-471 days), with all but one patient dying with a functional tube in place. We have devised a modification to allow percutaneous replacement of mushroom cage gastrostomy feeding tubes with minimal compromise to ALS patients. This technique allows tube replacement under local anesthetic, without the need for sedation, an important consideration in ALS.

  8. Cangrelor: A Review in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Keating, Gillian M

    2015-08-01

    Cangrelor (Kengrexal(®), Kengreal(™)) is an intravenously administered P2Y12 receptor inhibitor. It is direct-acting and reversible, with a very rapid onset and offset of action. The randomized, double-blind, multinational, phase III CHAMPION PHOENIX trial compared the efficacy of intravenous cangrelor with that of oral clopidogrel in patients requiring percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for stable angina pectoris, a non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome or ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (MI). The primary composite efficacy endpoint of death from any cause, MI, ischaemia-drive revascularization or stent thrombosis in the 48 h following randomization occurred in significantly fewer cangrelor than clopidogrel recipients. The rate of severe or life-threatening non-coronary artery bypass graft-related, GUSTO-defined bleeding at 48 h did not significantly differ between cangrelor and clopidogrel recipients. In conclusion, intravenous cangrelor is an important new option for use in patients undergoing PCI who have not been treated with oral P2Y12 inhibitors. PMID:26201463

  9. Treatment of Colonic Injury During Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

    PubMed Central

    Öztürk, Hakan

    2015-01-01

    Colonic injury during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) persists despite the advances in technical equipment and interventional radiology techniques. According to the Clavien-Dindo classification of surgical complications, colonic injury is regarded as a stage IVa complication. Currently, the rate of colonic injury ranges between 0.3% and 0.5%, with an unremarkable difference in incidence between supine and prone PCNL procedures. Colon injury is the most significant complication of PCNL. Colonic injury can result in more complicated open exploration of the abdomen, involving colostomy construction. The necessity of a second operation for the closure of the colostomy causes financial and emotional burden on the patients, patients’ relatives, and surgeons. Currently, the majority of colonic injuries occurring during PCNL are retroperitoneal. The primary treatment option is a conservative approach. It must be kept in mind that the time of diagnosis is as important as the diagnosis itself in colonic injury. Surgeons performing PCNL are advised to be conservative when considering exploratory laparotomy and colostomy construction during treatment of colonic injury. We present the case of a 49-year-old woman who underwent left prone PCNL that resulted in retroperitoneal colonic injury, along with a review of the current literature. PMID:26543436

  10. A Percutaneous Optical Imaging System to Track Reporter Gene Expression from Vasculatures In Vivo

    PubMed Central

    Kar, S.; Kumar, A.; Gao, F.; Qiu, B.; Zhan, X.; Yang, X.

    2006-01-01

    This study was to develop a percutaneous optical imaging system for tracking fluorescent reporter gene expression in vasculatures. We built a percutaneous optical imaging system that primarily comprised a 1.5-mm, semi-rigid, two-port optical probe. The performance of the optical probe was first tested in vitro with cell phantoms, and then the feasibility of the percutaneous optical imaging system was validated in vivo in eight femoral artery segments of two pigs. Green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene was locally delivered into four arterial segments, while saline was delivered to the four contralateral arterial segments as controls. The targeted arteries were localized using color Doppler, and thereafter the optical probe was positioned to the target arterial segments under ultrasound guidance. Optical imaging captures were obtained using different exposure times from 10–60 seconds. Subsequently, the GFP- and saline-targeted arteries were harvested for fluorescent microscopy confirmation. The percutaneous optical probe was successfully positioned at a distance of approximately 2 mm from the targets in all eight arteries. The in vivo imaging showed higher average signal intensity in GFP-treated arteries than in saline-treated arteries. This study demonstrates the potential using the percutaneous optical imaging system to monitor, in vivo, reporter gene expression from vasculatures. PMID:16822058

  11. A novel vacuum assisted closure therapy model for use with percutaneous devices.

    PubMed

    Cook, Saranne J; Nichols, Francesca R; Brunker, Lucille B; Bachus, Kent N

    2014-06-01

    Long-term maintenance of a dermal barrier around a percutaneous prosthetic device remains a common clinical problem. A technique known as Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT) uses negative pressure to facilitate healing of impaired and complex soft tissue wounds. However, the combination of using negative pressure with percutaneous prosthetic devices has not been investigated. The goal of this study was to develop a methodology to apply negative pressure to the tissues surrounding a percutaneous device in an animal model; no tissue healing outcomes are presented. Specifically, four hairless rats received percutaneous porous coated titanium devices implanted on the dorsum and were bandaged with a semi occlusive film dressing. Two of these animals received NPWT; two animals received no NPWT and served as baseline controls. Over a 28-day period, both the number of dressing changes required between the two groups as well as the pressures were monitored. Negative pressures were successfully applied to the periprosthetic tissues in a clinically relevant range with a manageable number of dressing changes. This study provides a method for establishing, maintaining, and quantifying controlled negative pressures to the tissues surrounding percutaneous devices using a small animal model. PMID:24685323

  12. Percutaneous biliary stenting combined with radiotherapy as a treatment for unresectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma

    PubMed Central

    TAN, YONG; ZHU, JIAN-YONG; QIU, BAO-AN; XIA, NIAN-XIN; WANG, JING-HAN

    2015-01-01

    Hilar cholangiocarcinoma is often unresectable at the time of the initial diagnosis, and the provision of a definite palliative benefit is important in patients with unresectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety of percutaneous biliary stenting and to analyze whether percutaneous biliary stenting combined with radiotherapy (RT) prolonged the stent patency and survival time of patients. In total, the cases of 38 patients with unresectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma that underwent percutaneous biliary stenting at the Navy General Hospital were retrospectively reviewed in the present study. Uncovered metallic stenting (UMS) combined with RT was administered to 25 patients, and UMS alone was administered to 13 patients. The records of early complications subsequent to percutaneous biliary stenting were collected, and the stent patency and survival times of patients were analyzed and compared between the two groups. The technical success rate of the procedure was 100% and the successful drainage rate was 86.8%. The overall early complication rate was 15.8% and the procedure-associated mortality rate was 2.6%. The median stent patency was 326 days in the UMS+RT group and 196 days in the UMS group (P=0.022). The UMS+RT group (median, 367 days) demonstrated a longer survival time compared with the UMS group (median, 267 days; P=0.025). Percutaneous biliary stenting offers a safe and effective method for the palliative treatment of patients with unresectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma, and percutaneous biliary stenting combined with RT may prolong stent patency and patient survival time. PMID:26622885

  13. Subclavian Vein Cannulation Success Rate in Neonates and Children

    PubMed Central

    Aminnejad, Reza; Razavi, Seyed Sajjad; Mohajerani, Seyed Amir; Mahdavi, Seyed Alireza

    2015-01-01

    Background: Central vein cannulation allows the administration of large volumes of fluids in short times and at high osmolarities for rehydration, volume replacement, chemotherapy, and parenteral nutrition. Percutaneous central venous line insertion has replaced peripheral venous cut-down as the primary mode of short-term venous access in children. Objectives: The aim of our study was to delineate some aspects of this procedure as well as its success rate and relative risk in pediatrics. Patients and Methods: Totally, 3264 subclavian vein cannulations in neonates and children were analyzed regarding successful catheterization attempts and early complication rates after the procedure retrospectively in Mofid Hospital (Tehran, Iran). Results: There were 1340 newborn patients (first 28 days of life) in our study population. In these newborns, only 55 cannulations failed; one patient was complicated with pneumothorax; guide wires malfunctioned in 21 cases; and first- attempt cannulation success was reported in only 981 cases. In the remaining 1924 patients, between one month and 8 years old, only 14 attempts at the cannulation of the subclavian vein failed and 1655 cases had first-attempt cannulation success. Conclusions: The cannulation of the central vein in neonates and children in a skilled hand would be performed with great success rate and low complications. PMID:26161322

  14. Left main percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Teirstein, Paul S; Price, Matthew J

    2012-10-23

    The introduction of drug-eluting stents and advances in catheter techniques have led to increasing acceptance of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) as a viable alternative to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) for unprotected left main disease. Current guidelines state that it is reasonable to consider unprotected left main PCI in patients with low to intermediate anatomic complexity who are at increased surgical risk. Data from randomized trials involving patients who are candidates for either treatment strategy provide novel insight into the relative safety and efficacy of PCI for this lesion subset. Herein, we review the current data comparing PCI with CABG for left main disease, summarize recent guideline recommendations, and provide an update on technical considerations that may optimize clinical outcomes in left main PCI. PMID:23021329

  15. Pulmonary Cement Embolism following Percutaneous Vertebroplasty

    PubMed Central

    Co?kun, Tuba; Acat, Murat; Onaran, Hilal; Gül, ?ule; Çetinkaya, Erdo?an

    2014-01-01

    Percutaneous vertebroplasty is a minimal invasive procedure that is applied for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral fractures. During vertebroplasty, the leakage of bone cement outside the vertebral body leads to pulmonary cement embolism, which is a serious complication of this procedure. Here we report a 48-year-old man who was admitted to our hospital with dyspnea after percutaneous vertebroplasty and diagnosed as pulmonary cement embolism. PMID:25580343

  16. Percutaneous Retrieval of Embolized Amplatzer Septal Occluder after Treatment of Double Atrial Septal Defect: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Cho, Jae Yeong; Yoon, Hyun Ju; Seon, Hyun Ju; Ahn, Youngkeun; Jeong, Myung Ho; Cho, Jeong Gwan; Park, Jong Chun

    2015-01-01

    Embolization of the occlusion device after percutaneous closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) is a potential disastrous complication. The usual site of embolization is the right side of the heart including pulmonary artery, but the device embolization to the extracardiac aorta is extremely rare. Here, we report a successful percutaneous retrieval case of the embolized Amplatzer Septal Occluder (ASO) to the descending thoracic aorta after the successful deployment of two ASO devices in a patient with double ASD. Competition between the two devices to obtain a stable position may be an explanation for the migration of ASO. PMID:26339180

  17. Preoperative trajectory planning for percutaneous procedures in deformable environments.

    PubMed

    Hamzé, Noura; Peterlík, Igor; Cotin, Stéphane; Essert, Caroline

    2016-01-01

    In image-guided percutaneous interventions, a precise planning of the needle path is a key factor to a successful intervention. In this paper we propose a novel method for computing a patient-specific optimal path for such interventions, accounting for both the deformation of the needle and soft tissues due to the insertion of the needle in the body. To achieve this objective, we propose an optimization method for estimating preoperatively a curved trajectory allowing to reach a target even in the case of tissue motion and needle bending. Needle insertions are simulated and regarded as evaluations of the objective function by the iterative planning process. In order to test the planning algorithm, it is coupled with a fast needle insertion simulation involving a flexible needle model and soft tissue finite element modeling, and experimented on the use-case of thermal ablation of liver tumors. Our algorithm has been successfully tested on twelve datasets of patient-specific geometries. Fast convergence to the actual optimal solution has been shown. This method is designed to be adapted to a wide range of percutaneous interventions. PMID:26629592

  18. [The effect of Taprostene on platelet activation and clinical course after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty].

    PubMed

    Heinz, M; Theiss, W; van de Flierdt, E; Söhngen, M

    1996-01-01

    In a double blind pilot study, we examined the effects of the stable prostacyclin derivate taprostene compared to a combination of aspirin and dipyridamole on platelet uptake and clinical outcome after peripheral percutaneous angioplasty. Taprostene was administered to 19 patients as a continuous intravenous infusion from 2 hours before until 8 (n = 6) or 24 (n = 6) hours after angioplasty; 7 control patients were given a combination of 330 mg aspirin and 75 mg dipyridamole. Uptake of 111-indium labelled platelets at the site of the PTA was measured 3 hours before and 4 and 24 hours after angioplasty. Clinical parameters were obtained one day before PTA, on the following day and 3 months after the procedure. There was a tendency for slightly higher platelet uptake ratios in the taprostene groups as compared to the control group especially in patients requiring technically difficult procedures. There were no differences between the 3 groups with regard to primary success or periinterventional complications. In the taprostene patients, 3 early reocclusions were found up to 72 hours after the procedure and 1 late reocclusion within 3 months. In the control group, no reocclusion was apparent in the observation time. No advantages were found when taprostene was administered during angioplasty as compared to conventional treatment with aspirine and dipyridamole. PMID:8851268

  19. Combined elective percutaneous coronary intervention and transapical transcatheter aortic valve implantation

    PubMed Central

    Pasic, Miralem; Dreysse, Stephan; Unbehaun, Axel; Buz, Semih; Drews, Thorsten; Klein, Christoph; D'Ancona, Giuseppe; Hetzer, Roland

    2012-01-01

    There is no established strategy of how and when to treat coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients referred for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Simultaneous, single-stage treatment of both pathologies is a possible solution. We report our initial results of simultaneously performed transapical TAVI and elective percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in high-risk patients with severe aortic valve stenosis. Between April 2008 and July 2011, a total of 419 patients underwent transapical TAVI. Combined elective PCI and TAVI were performed in 46 (11%) patients. Only the most significant coronary lesion or lesions were treated. Technical success of the combined approach was 100%. The mean count of implanted stents per patient was 1.6 ± 1.0 (range, 1–5 stents). The 30-day mortality rates in the PCI and TAVI group was 4.3%. Survival at 12, 24 and 36 months of the PCI and TAVI group 87.1 ± 5.5, 69.7 ± 10.3 and 69.7 ± 10.3%, respectively. The results showed that the single-stage approach with combined elective PCI and TAVI is feasible and safe. It has become our primary choice for treatment of high-risk patients with severe aortic valve stenosis and CAD. PMID:22232234

  20. Preoperative percutaneous stone surgery in patients receiving anticoagulant therapy.

    PubMed

    Gross, Andreas J; Bach, T

    2009-10-01

    Percutaneous nephrostolithotomy (PCNL) is an essential component in the management of large volume renal calculi. Either in combination with shockwave lithotripsy but especially as monotherapy, PCNL is recommended as the most effective treatment option for patients with staghorn calculi or large volume stone disease. Multiple tracts allow successful management of nearly every stone burden in a single surgical session. Furthermore, patients with anatomic variations (eg, horseshoe kidney) can be treated by PCNL successfully. Overall stone-free rates of above 78% are described. With the rising age of the overall patient population, another problem occurs. Increasing age frequently leads to an increase in comorbidities; for example, patients receiving anticoagulation may need treatment for stones, which can pose a dilemma. The aim of this review was to provide an overview of thrombotic risk, depending on the underlying disease, and to propose a clinical pathway on how to deal with this selected group of patients. PMID:19785528

  1. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography for choledocholithiasis after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery

    PubMed Central

    Milella, Marialessia; Alfa-Wali, Maryam; Leuratti, Luca; McCall, James; Bonanomi, Gianluca

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Gallstones are a common condition in bariatric patients after a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). The management of ductal stones is challenging due to the altered gastrointestinal anatomy. Various techniques have been reported to manage bile duct stones. PRESENTATION OF CASE We present the successful percutaneous trans hepatic management of common bile duct stones after LRYGB. One year after a LRYGB for morbid obesity, a 59-year-old female presented with acute cholecystitis. One month after laparoscopic cholecystectomy a 1 cm calculus was found within the distal CBD and patient underwent a percutaneous trans hepatic cholangiography under local anesthetic. This involved a right sided anterior segmental duct puncture. With the sphincter dilated to 10 mm, a balloon catheter was used to push the stone into the duodenum leaving an internal- external drain. Patient recovered completely at follow up. DISCUSSION Patients with morbid obesity have a higher incidence of gallstones. After LRYGB, the altered anatomy does not allow the conventional endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for choledocholithiasis. Various techniques have been reported as means of managing bile duct stones in LRYGB patients. These include a double balloon enteroscope-assisted ERCP, laparoscopic transgastric ERCP, laparoscopic or open biliary surgery and interventional radiology. We report a non-surgical approach using percutaneous transhepatic technique under local anesthetic that resulted effective and could be applied more extensively. CONCLUSION Due to the increase of global obesity, bariatric centers need to strategically plan resources such as interventional radiology in order to manage post LRYGB choledocholithiasis safely, efficiently and in a cost effective manner. PMID:24705194

  2. A MANUAL INSERTION MECHANISM FOR PERCUTANEOUS COCHLEAR IMPLANTATION

    E-print Network

    A MANUAL INSERTION MECHANISM FOR PERCUTANEOUS COCHLEAR IMPLANTATION Daniel Schurzig Vanderbilt. Webster III Vanderbilt University Nashville, TN, USA ABSTRACT Percutaneous Cochlear Implantation (PCI point. This precludes standard cochlear implant deployment techniques, and necessitates a new insertion

  3. Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of spinal osteoid osteoma under CT guidance

    PubMed Central

    Morassi, L G; Kokkinis, K; Karargyris, O; Vlachou, I; Kalokairinou, K; Pneumaticos, S G

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Osteoid osteoma (OO) accounts for approximately 10–12% of all benign bone tumours and 3% of all bone tumours. Spinal involvement appears in 10–25% of all cases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of CT-guided radiofrequency (RF) ablation in the treatment of spinal OOs and report our experience. Methods: 13 patients suffering from spinal OO and treated at the authors' institution using CT-guided RF ablation were retrospectively evaluated. The RF probe was introduced through a 11-G Jamshidi® needle, and the lesion was heated at 90?°C for 6?min. Results: All procedures were considered technically successful as the correct positioning of the probe was proven by CT. 11 of the 13 patients reported pain relief after RF ablation. In two cases, RF ablation was repeated 1 month after the first procedure. Pain relief was achieved in both cases after the second procedure. No recurrence was reported throughout the follow-up. No complications like skin burn, soft-tissue haematoma, infection, vessel damage or neurological deficit were reported. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that CT-guided percutaneous RF ablation is a safe and effective method for the treatment of spinal OOs. Advances in knowledge: The data of this study support the efficacy and safety of the recently applied CT-guided percutaneous RF ablation technique for the treatment of spinal OOs. PMID:24712322

  4. Two Cases of Occupational Contact Urticaria Caused by Percutaneous Sensitization to Parvalbumin

    PubMed Central

    Sano, Akiyo; Yagami, Akiko; Suzuki, Kayoko; Iwata, Yohei; Kobayashi, Tsukane; Arima, Masaru; Kondo, Yasuto; Yoshikawa, Tetsushi; Matsunaga, Kayoko

    2015-01-01

    Background In recent years, it has been proposed that the primary mechanism for the development of food allergies is percutaneous sensitization. Since 2010, in Japan, the number of immediate-type wheat allergy due to hydrolyzed wheat protein has dramatically increased among those who have been using soap containing hydrolyzed wheat. This incidence supports the hypothesis that food allergens arise through percutaneous sensitization. Clinical Summary A 25-year-old man (case 1) and an 18-year-old girl (case 2) with atopic dermatitis visited our Department because of food allergy and hand eczema. After starting their work with fish, severe itchy eczema appeared on their hands. They subsequently started to experience oral allergic symptoms, intraoral itchiness and dyspnea after eating fish. Specific IgE antibodies were detected for many fishes, and skin prick tests showed positive reactions for a variety of fishes in both cases. Furthermore, the fluorescence intensities of specific IgE antibodies against parvalbumin from various types of fish in microarray immunoassay analysis showed positive reactions. We diagnosed them as contact urticaria caused by percutaneous sensitization to parvalbumin through job-related physical contact with fish. Conclusion The patients' histories and findings indicate the possibility of percutaneous sensitization through occupational exposure to parvalbumin, leading to food allergy. PMID:26464568

  5. The importance of instrument type in paediatric percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

    PubMed

    Altintas, Ramazan; Oguz, Fatih; Tasdemir, Cemal; Beytur, Ali; Cimen, Serhan; Gunes, Ali; Colak, Cemil

    2014-04-01

    We reported our experience with percutaneous nephrolithotomy in children and compared the outcomes, including the morbidity and success rates, regarding the instruments of different sizes. One hundred and seventy-three paediatric patients, who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy in our clinic between 1999 and 2013, were assessed. According to the size of instruments used during surgery, three different groups were formed and the pre- and postopeartive outcomes were compared between the groups. 76 girls and 97 boys with a mean age of 9.24 (? 17) years were assessed. Stone-free rates were 75.6 % in group 1 (n = 82) using 17 F nephroscope, 79.4 % in group 2 (n = 73) using 24 F nephroscope and 72.2 % in group 3 (n = 18) using 26 F nephroscope. Postoperative fever was seen in four, five and one patient in group 1, 2 and 3, respectively. Urinary infection was seen in one patient in group 1 and four patients in group 2. Mean haematocrit drop and stone burden were significantly lesser in group 1. No significant difference was seen in the duration of nephrostomy and hospitalization between the groups. The success rates obtained in the groups using different instrument types (paediatric or adult) were similar. However, age, weight, height, stone burden and bleeding were significantly lesser in group 1 that used paediatric type of instrument. As the most frequent complication of PNL, bleeding seems to be associated with stone burden, the diameter of dilatation and the calibre of instrument. To decrease the particular complications, paediatric type of instruments are convenient and do not affect the success. PMID:24264889

  6. Percutaneous Vertebroplasty for Pain Management in Patients with Multiple Myeloma: Is Radiofrequency Ablation Necessary?

    SciTech Connect

    Orgera, Gianluigi; Krokidis, Miltiadis; Matteoli, Marco; Varano, Gianluca Maria; La Verde, Giacinto; David, Vincenzo; Rossi, Michele

    2013-05-08

    PurposeThis study was designed to investigate the added role of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) to vertebroplasty on the pain management of patients with multiple myeloma (MM).MethodsThirty-six patients (51–82 years) with vertebral localization of MM were randomly divided into two groups: 18 patients (group A) who underwent RFA and then vertebroplasty, and 18 patients (group B) who underwent only vertebroplasty. Primary endpoints were technical success and pain relief score rate measured by the visual analogue pain scores (VAS) and Roland–Morris Questionnaire (RMQ); secondary endpoint was the amount of administered analgesia. Survival and complications were compared.ResultsTechnical success was 100 % in both groups. The VAS score (at 24 h and 6 weeks postprocedure) decreased in equal manner for both groups from a mean of 9.1–3.4 and 2.0 for group A and from a mean of 9.3–3.0 and 2.3 for group B; RMQ mean score was 19.8 for group A and 19.9 for group B and decreased to a mean of 9.6 and 8.2 for group A and 9.5 and 8.7 for group B. The amount of medication was equally decreased in the two groups. No statistically significant difference was noted. No major complication occurred and two patients died from other causes.ConclusionsThe use of percutaneous vertebroplasty alone appears to be effective for the pain management of the patients with vertebral involvement of multiple myeloma. The use of RFA that includes cost and time does not offer any clear added benefit on the midterm pain management of such patients.

  7. Percutaneous Laser Disc Decompression (PLDD): Experience and Results From Multiple Centers and 19,880 Procedures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paolo Tassi, Gian; Choy, Daniel S. J.; Hellinger, Johannes; Hellinger, Stefan; Lee, Sang-Ho

    2010-05-01

    In mid-February 1986, Peter Ascher and Daniel Choy performed the first Percutaneous Laser Disc Decompression (PLDD) at the Neurosurgical Department, University of Graz, Graz, Austria. It was planned to deliver 1000 joules with a Nd:YAG laser to a herniated L4-5 disc causing sciatica. At 600 joules the procedure was terminated because the pain was gone. Since then, PLDD has spread all over the world, with procedures being performed in the entire spine except for T1-T4 because these discs do not permit percutaneous access with a needle. The success rate has ranged from 70 to 89%, and the complication rate, chiefly discitis, from 0.3 to 1.0%. When successful, return to normal work averages one week. Long term follow-up to 23 years yields a recurrence rate of 4-5%.

  8. The role of middle calyx puncture in percutaneous nephrolithotomy: relative factors and choice considerations.

    PubMed

    Zeng, G H; Liu, Y; Zhong, W; Fei, X; Song, Y

    2015-12-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a well established procedure for management of renal calculi. It is generally believed that the access to the renal pelvic system via the desired calyx is the most crucial step during the whole procedure. The adequacy of the access directly influences the success and complication rates of PCNL. Traditionally, a lower pole access was routinely performed for less complication. Upper calices are also preferred for access in a given condition with large and complex calculi. However, the middle calices access is seldom selected. In aim to provide the reader some advantages of middle pole approach and a broaden horizon in determining the strategy of renal puncture, the present review describes the anatomical basis of the percutaneous tract. It provides a literature review of the success rate and efficiency of middle calyx access alone with the advantage of this approach, especially in dealing with large and complex stones. PMID:26354614

  9. Thermal Protection During Percutaneous Thermal Ablation Procedures: Interest of Carbon Dioxide Dissection and Temperature Monitoring

    SciTech Connect

    Buy, Xavier; Tok, Chung-Hong; Szwarc, Daniel; Bierry, Guillaume; Gangi, Afshin

    2009-05-15

    Percutaneous image-guided thermal ablation of tumor is widely used, and thermal injury to collateral structures is a known complication of this technique. To avoid thermal damage to surrounding structures, several protection techniques have been reported. We report the use of a simple and effective protective technique combining carbon dioxide dissection and thermocouple: CO{sub 2} displaces the nontarget structures, and its low thermal conductivity provides excellent insulation; insertion of a thermocouple in contact with vulnerable structures achieves continuous thermal monitoring. We performed percutaneous thermal ablation of 37 tumors in 35 patients (4 laser, 10 radiofrequency, and 23 cryoablations) with protection of adjacent vulnerable structures by using CO{sub 2} dissection combined with continuous thermal monitoring with thermocouple. Tumor locations were various (19 intra-abdominal tumors including 4 livers and 9 kidneys, 18 musculoskeletal tumors including 11 spinal tumors). CO{sub 2} volume ranged from 10 ml (epidural space) to 1500 ml (abdominal). Repeated insufflations were performed if necessary, depending on the information given by the thermocouple and imaging control. Dissection with optimal thermal protection was achieved in all cases except two patients where adherences (one postoperative, one arachnoiditis) blocked proper gaseous distribution. No complication referred to this technique was noted. This safe, cost-effective, and simple method increases the safety and the success rate of percutaneous thermal ablation procedures. It also offers the potential to increase the number of tumors that can be treated via a percutaneous approach.

  10. Identifying Pathogens of Spondylodiscitis: Percutaneous Endoscopy or CT-guided Biopsy

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Shih-Chieh; Chen, Lih-Huei; Chen, Wen-Jer; Tu, Yuan-Kun

    2008-01-01

    Identifying offending pathogens is crucial for appropriate antibiotic administration for infectious spondylitis. Although computed tomography (CT)-guided biopsy for bacteriologic diagnosis is a standard procedure, it has a variable success rate. Some reports claim percutaneous endoscopic discectomy and drainage offer a sufficient amount of tissue for microbiologic examination and easy application. We therefore compared the diagnostic value of CT guidance with that of endoscope guidance in 52 patients with suspected infectious spondylitis. Twenty patients underwent percutaneous endoscopic discectomy and drainage by an orthopaedic surgeon and the other 32 patients underwent CT-guided biopsies by a radiologist. Patients were followed a minimum of 12 months after treatment. Culture results of the biopsy specimens were recorded. Causative bacteria were identified more frequently with percutaneous endoscopy than in CT-guided biopsy (18 of 20 [90%] versus 15 of 32 [47%]). We observed no biopsy-related complications or side effects in either group. The data suggest percutaneous endoscopic discectomy and drainage yield higher bacterial recovery rates than CT-guided spinal biopsy. Level of Evidence: Level III, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. PMID:18704611

  11. Computed tomography-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy in pancreatic tumor diagnosis

    PubMed Central

    Tyng, Chiang J; Almeida, Maria Fernanda A; Barbosa, Paula NV; Bitencourt, Almir GV; Berg, José Augusto AG; Maciel, Macello S; Coimbra, Felipe JF; Schiavon, Luiz Henrique O; Begnami, Maria Dirlei; Guimarães, Marcos D; Zurstrassen, Charles E; Chojniak, Rubens

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the techniques, results, and complications related to computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous core needle biopsies of solid pancreatic lesions. METHODS: CT-guided percutaneous biopsies of solid pancreatic lesions performed at a cancer reference center between January 2012 and September 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Biopsy material was collected with a 16-20 G Tru-Core needle (10-15 cm; Angiotech, Vancouver, CA) using a coaxial system and automatic biopsy gun. When direct access to the lesion was not possible, indirect (transgastric or transhepatic) access or hydrodissection and/or pneumodissection maneuvers were used. Characteristics of the patients, lesions, procedures, and histologic results were recorded using a standardized form. RESULTS: A total of 103 procedures included in the study were performed on patients with a mean age of 64.8 year (range: 39-94 year). The mean size of the pancreatic lesions was 45.5 mm (range: 15-195 mm). Most (75/103, 72.8%) procedures were performed via direct access, though hydrodissection and/or pneumodissection were used in 22.2% (23/103) of cases and indirect transhepatic or transgastric access was used in 4.8% (5/103) of cases. Histologic analysis was performed on all biopsies, and diagnoses were conclusive in 98.1% (101/103) of cases, confirming 3.9% (4/103) of tumors were benign and 94.2% (97/103) were malignant; results were atypical in 1.9% (2/103) of cases, requiring a repeat biopsy to diagnose a neuroendocrine tumor, and surgical resection to confirm a primary adenocarcinoma. Only mild/moderate complications were observed in 9/103 patients (8.7%), and they were more commonly associated with biopsies of lesions located in the head/uncinate process (n = 8), than of those located in the body/tail (n = 1) of the pancreas, but this difference was not significant. CONCLUSION: CT-guided biopsy of a pancreatic lesion is a safe procedure with a high success rate, and is an excellent option for minimally invasive diagnosis. PMID:25834323

  12. Transcatheter closure of hypertensive ductus with amplatzer post infarction muscular VSD occluder after percutaneous retrieval of embolized amplatzer duct occluder

    PubMed Central

    Phadke, Milind S; Karur, Satish; Kerkar, Prafulla G

    2014-01-01

    Transcatheter closure of a large hypertensive patent ductus arteriosus is challenging with scant data about it. Even more challenging is retrieval of an embolized Amplatzer duct occluder. We report successful closure of a 12 mm large ductus with the Amplatzer muscular VSD occluder (post myocardial infarction) after percutaneous retrieval of the embolized, largest available, 16/14 mm Amplatzer duct occluder. PMID:24987259

  13. Complex robotic-enhanced percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Kapur, Vishal; Smilowitz, Nathaniel R; Weisz, Giora

    2014-05-01

    A remote-controlled, robotic system was developed to address procedural challenges and occupational hazards associated with traditional percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The PRECISE (Percutaneous Robotically Enhanced Coronary Intervention) Study demonstrated the safety and feasibility of the robotic system. We report four cases of complex coronary interventions demonstrating the capabilities of robotic-enhanced PCI to treat multilesion, multivessel coronary disease, saphenous venous graft disease, and an ST-elevation myocardial infarction. The robotic system offers enhanced visibility, precise measurement, accurate stent positioning, improved ergonomics, and superior operator protection from radiation. PMID:24167108

  14. Percutaneous Cryotherapy of Vascular Malformation: Initial Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Cornelis, F.; Neuville, A.; Labreze, C.; Kind, M.; Bui, B.; Midy, D.; Palussiere, J.; Grenier, N.

    2013-06-15

    The present report describes a case of percutaneous cryotherapy in a 36-year-old woman with a large and painful pectoral venous malformation. Cryoablation was performed in a single session for this 9-cm mass with 24 h hospitalisation. At 2- and 6-month follow-up, the pain had completely disappeared, and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a significant decrease in size. Percutaneous cryoablation shows promise as a feasible and apparently safe method for local control in patients with symptomatic venous vascular malformations.

  15. Percutaneous CT-Guided Treatment of Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Sacroiliac Joint

    SciTech Connect

    Becce, Fabio; Mouhsine, Elyazid; Mosimann, Pascal John; Anaye, Anass; Letovanec, Igor; Theumann, Nicolas

    2012-08-15

    Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a joint disorder that affects the articular cartilage and subchondral bone, most commonly at the knee. OCD of the sacroiliac joint is extremely rare. Management of OCD remains controversial, and surgery is often needed, especially when conservative treatment fails. We present a rare case of OCD involving the left sacroiliac joint successfully treated by percutaneous computed tomography-guided retrograde drilling and debridement.

  16. Percutaneous transhepatic sclerotherapy with embolization of the drainage vein for a gastric varix

    PubMed Central

    Yamagami, Takuji; Miura, Hiroshi; Okuda, Kotaro

    2014-01-01

    We experienced a case with a gastric varix that did not have a catheterizable main drainage vein and had multiple afferent veins. For this case we successfully performed percutaneous transhepatic sclerotherapy using the following procedure. After the drainage vein was embolized by metallic coils and n-butyl cyanoacrylate from a microcatheter that was advanced through the gastric varix, 5% ethanolamine oleate-iopamidol was infused into the gastric varix from one main afferent vein under balloon occlusion. PMID:25298873

  17. Emergency polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stent implantation to treat right coronary artery perforation during percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Yorgun, Hikmet; Canpolat, Ugur; Aytemir, Kudret; Oto, Ali

    2012-01-01

    Coronary artery perforations are life-threatening complications with a poor outcome. Historically, if the perforation was not controlled using conservative methods such as prolonged balloon inflation and protamine administration, emergency cardiac surgery has been performed. However, several percutaneous methods including covered stents and embolization materials have emerged as therapeutic options to manage coronary perforations. We report a case of right coronary artery perforation after high pressure stent post-dilatation that was successfully sealed with a polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stent. PMID:23224929

  18. Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation for Treatment of Recurrent Retroperitoneal Liposarcoma

    SciTech Connect

    Keil, Sebastian Bruners, Philipp; Brehmer, Bernhard; Mahnken, Andreas Horst

    2008-07-15

    Percutaneous CT-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is becoming more and more established in the treatment of various neoplasms, including retroperitoneal tumors of the kidneys and the adrenal glands. We report the case of RFA in a patient suffering from the third relapse of a retroperitoneal liposarcoma in the left psoas muscle. After repeated surgical resection and supportive radiation therapy of a primary retroperitoneal liposarcoma and two surgically treated recurrences, including replacement of the ureter by a fraction of the ileum, there was no option for further surgery. Thus, we considered RFA as the most suitable treatment option. Monopolar RFA was performed in a single session with a 2-cm umbrella-shaped LeVeen probe. During a 27-month follow-up period the patient remained free of tumor.

  19. Percutaneous Transhepatic Endobiliary Drainage of Hepatic Hydatid Cyst with Rupture into the Biliary System: An Unusual Route for Drainage

    SciTech Connect

    Inal, Mehmet; Soyupak, Suereyya; Akguel, Erol; Ezici, Hueseyin

    2002-10-15

    The most common and serious complication of hydatid cyst of the liver is rupture into the biliary tract causing obstructive jaundice, cholangitis and abscess. The traditional treatment of biliary-cystic fistula is surgery and recently endoscopic sphincterotomy. We report a case of complex heterogeneous cyst rupture into the biliary tract causing biliary obstruction in which the obstruction and cyst were treated successfully by percutaneous transhepatic endobiliary drainage. Our case is the second report of percutaneous transbiliary internal drainage of hydatid cyst with rupture into the biliary duct in which the puncture and drainage were not performed through the cyst cavity.

  20. What is the most relevant standard of success in assisted reproduction? Should BESST really be the primary endpoint for assisted reproduction?

    PubMed

    Messinis, Ioannis E; Domali, Ekaterini

    2004-09-01

    A major problem in IVF procedures is a high rate of induced iatrogenic complications including multiple gestations. Until now, transfer of at least three embryos followed by the subsequent elective reduction of triplet or higher order gestations to twins, single embryo transfer (SET) with cryopreservation of the remaining embryos, as well as the application of SET in unstimulated cycles, serves to illustrate the diversity characterizing the worldwide effort of achievement of pregnancy that aims to avoid possible complications. The BESST (birth emphasizing a successful singleton at term) endpoint constitutes an interesting parameter imposing the safety of SET. However, the observed success rate (11.1%) requires elucidation of the specific pattern of endometrial behaviour around the implantation window as well as its involvement in the further support of gestation. Consequently, research has to focus primarily on the improvement of technical parameters to achieve an acceptable success rate during the IVF procedures as compared with spontaneous gestations. PMID:15192073

  1. Percutaneous versus surgical management of lower extremity peripheral artery disease.

    PubMed

    Kakkar, Amit M; Abbott, J Dawn

    2015-01-01

    Lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) is highly prevalent and can manifest as intermittent claudication or, in the most advanced form, critical limb ischemia. Revascularization, which can be accomplished by an endovascular or surgical approach, is performed to improve quality of life or, in severe cases, for limb salvage. Over the past decade, percutaneous catheter-based techniques have improved such that acute procedural success is high even in complex anatomy. Patency rates have also increased with the use of atherectomy devices and drug-eluting stents. Often, patients with PAD have comorbidities that increase the risk of cardiovascular complications with surgical procedures. These factors have led to the adoption of an endovascular first strategy with surgical management reserved for selected patients. This review focuses on the most current clinical trials of endovascular therapy for PAD. In addition, older but relevant studies comparing endovascular and surgical approaches and contemporary surgical trials are presented for reference. PMID:25612856

  2. Interval Biliary Stent Placement Via Percutaneous Ultrasound Guided Cholecystostomy: Another Approach to Palliative Treatment in Malignant Biliary Tract Obstruction

    SciTech Connect

    Harding, James Mortimer, Alex; Kelly, Michael; Loveday, Eric

    2010-12-15

    Percutaneous cholecystostomy is a minimally invasive procedure for providing gallbladder decompression, often in critically ill patients. It can be used in malignant biliary obstruction following failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography when the intrahepatic ducts are not dilated or when stent insertion is not possible via the bile ducts. In properly selected patients, percutaneous cholecystostomy in obstructive jaundice is a simple, safe, and rapid option for biliary decompression, thus avoiding the morbidity and mortality involved with percutaneous transhepatic biliary stenting. Subsequent use of a percutaneous cholecystostomy for definitive biliary stent placement is an attractive concept and leaves patients with no external drain. To the best of our knowledge, it has only been described on three previous occasions in the published literature, on each occasion forced by surgical or technical considerations. Traditionally, anatomic/technical considerations and the risk of bile leak have precluded such an approach, but improvements in catheter design and manufacture may now make it more feasible. We report a case of successful interval metal stent placement via percutaneous cholecystostomy which was preplanned and achieved excellent palliation for the patient. The pros and cons of the procedure and approach are discussed.

  3. Cone-Beam Computed Tomography-Guided Percutaneous Radiologic Gastrostomy

    SciTech Connect

    Moehlenbruch, Markus; Nelles, Michael; Thomas, Daniel; Willinek, Winfried; Gerstner, Andreas; Schild, Hans H.; Wilhelm, Kai

    2010-04-15

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of a flat-detector C-arm-guided radiographic technique (cone-beam computed tomography [CBCT]) for percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy (PRG) insertion. Eighteen patients (13 men and 5 women; mean age 62 years) in whom percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) had failed underwent CBCT-guided PRG insertion. PEG failure or unsuitability was caused by upper gastrointestinal tract obstruction in all cases. Indications for gastrostomy were esophageal and head and neck malignancies, respectively. Before the PRG procedure, initial C-arm CBCT scans were acquired. Three- and 2-dimensional soft-tissue reconstructions of the epigastrium region were generated on a dedicated workstation. Subsequently, gastropexy was performed with T-fasteners after CBCT-guided puncture of the stomach bubble, followed by insertion of an 14F balloon-retained catheter through a peel-away introducer. Puncture of the stomach bubble and PRG insertion was technically successful in all patients without alteration of the epigastric region. There was no malpositioning of the tube or other major periprocedural complications. In 2 patients, minor complications occurred during the first 30 days of follow-up (PRG malfunction: n = 1; slight infection: n = 1). Late complications, which were mainly tube disturbances, were observed in 2 patients. The mean follow-up time was 212 days. CBCT-guided PRG is a safe, well-tolerated, and successful method of gastrostomy insertion in patients in whom endoscopic gastrostomy is not feasible. CBCT provides detailed imaging of the soft tissue and surrounding structures of the epigastric region in one diagnostic tour and thus significantly improves the planning of PRG procedures.

  4. Stereotactic localisation system: a modified puncture technique for percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

    PubMed

    Li, Xuede; Liao, Songbai; Yu, Yonggang; Dai, Qing; Song, Bo; Li, Longkun

    2012-08-01

    The objective of the study was to establish and evaluate a modified puncture and dilation technique-"stereotaxic localisation" system-and the corresponding instruments for percutaneous nephrostomy. Four hundred patients were randomised to the intervention group (200 cases, stereotaxic location puncture and dilation procedures) and the traditional group (200 cases, traditional procedure) under X-ray guidance. In the modified intervention system, the distance and horizontal angle of the puncture pathway between the puncture point and the target site were calculated accurately. The time for punctures, time with X-ray exposure and operation, success rate of each puncture to access the target, number of patients requiring blood transfusion, stone clearance, drops of haemoglobin and days of hospital stay were compared between the two groups. In the traditional and intervention groups, the time for puncture was 17 and 7 min, respectively; the X-ray exposure time was 9.1 and 1.3 min; the cases requiring blood transfusion were 9 and 5; and the success rates for each puncture to access the target were 42.9 and 88.0%, all with statistical difference (p < 0.01). The other outcomes and complications revealed similar trends. The stereotaxic localisation system for puncture is statistically better than the traditional procedure used in this study. The stereotaxic localisation system in this study is safer and more accurate, and provides easier access to the target with less bleeding and reduced exposure to X-ray compared to the traditional puncture and dilation procedures of percutaneous nephrostomy. PMID:22057205

  5. Percutaneous needle treatment of liver tumors

    E-print Network

    · Percutaneous needle treatment of liver tumors · Target multiple tumors through a single incisionmm x 90mm x 260mm · Autoclavable I. Free Space III. Bovine Liver · Precurved concentric nitinol tubes.80 Bovine Liver (mm) 3.32 ± 2.66 II. Ethanol Solution Future Work · Human trials with manual unit · Fully

  6. Retrievable vena caval filter percutaneously introduced.

    PubMed

    Lund, G; Rysavy, J; Hunter, D W; Castaneda-Zuniga, W R; Amplatz, K

    1985-06-01

    A vena caval filter than can be introduced percutaneously via the femoral vein is described. We placed these filters in five patients without complications. Experimental work in filter removal one to two weeks after insertion in dogs has been performed. PMID:4001390

  7. 21 CFR 870.1250 - Percutaneous catheter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Percutaneous catheter. 870.1250 Section 870.1250 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED... through the skin using a dilator and a sheath (introducer) or guide wire. (b) Classification. Class...

  8. 21 CFR 870.1250 - Percutaneous catheter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Percutaneous catheter. 870.1250 Section 870.1250 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED... through the skin using a dilator and a sheath (introducer) or guide wire. (b) Classification. Class...

  9. Bilateral Portal Percutaneous Endoscopic Debridement and Lavage for Lumbar Pyogenic Spondylitis.

    PubMed

    Hsu, Li-Chen; Tseng, Tzu-Ming; Yang, Shih-Chieh; Chen, Hung-Shu; Yen, Cheng-Yo; Tu, Yuan-Kun

    2015-10-01

    Common management approaches for spinal infections include conservative administration of antibiotics and aggressive surgical debridement. Minimally invasive endoscopic treatment has been reported and is gaining widespread attention because of its simplicity and effectiveness. This study retrospectively evaluated the clinical outcomes of bilateral portal percutaneous endoscopic debridement and lavage with dilute povidone-iodine solution in the treatment of patients with lumbar pyogenic spondylitis. From January 2007 to December 2011, a total of 22 patients diagnosed with single-level lumbar pyogenic spondylitis underwent bilateral portal percutaneous endoscopic debridement and lavage with dilute povidone-iodine solution at the authors' institution. Clinical outcomes were assessed by careful physical examination, visual analog scale pain score, modified MacNab criteria functional score, regular serologic testing, and imaging studies to determine whether percutaneous endoscopic debridement and lavage treatment was successful or if surgical intervention was required. Causative bacteria were identified in 19 (86.4%) of 22 biopsy specimens. Eighteen patients had satisfactory relief of back pain and uneventful recovery after this treatment. The success rate was 81.8% (18 of 22). Both visual analog scale and modified MacNab criteria scores improved significantly in successfully treated patients. No major surgical complications were noted, except for 3 patients who had residual or subsequent paresthesia in the affected lumbar segment. Percutaneous endoscopic debridement and lavage is a minimally invasive procedure that can yield a higher bacterial diagnosis, relieve back pain, and help to eradicate lumbar pyogenic spondylitis. It is an effective alternative treatment for patients with spinal infection before extensive open surgery. [Orthopedics. 2015; 38(10):e856-e863.]. PMID:26488778

  10. Similar Success Rates with Bivalirudin and Unfractionated Heparin in Bare-Metal Stent Implantation

    SciTech Connect

    Hallak, Omar; Shams, S. Ali; Broce, Mike; Lavigne, P. Scott; Lucas, B. Daniel; Elhabyan, Abdul-Karim; Reyes, Bernardo J.

    2007-09-15

    Background. Unfractionated heparin (UFH) is the traditional agent utilized during percutaneous peripheral interventions (PPIs) despite its well-known limitations. Bivalirudin, a thrombin-specific anticoagulant, overcomes many of the limitations of UFH and has consistently demonstrated comparable efficacy with significantly fewer bleeding complications. The purpose of this study was to compare procedural success in patients undergoing bare-metal stent implantation for atherosclerotic blockage of the renal, iliac, and femoral arteries and receiving either bivalirudin (0.75 mg/kg bolus/1.75 mg/kg/hr infusion) or UFH (50-70 U/kg/hr bolus) as the primary anticoagulant. Methods. This study was an open-label, nonrandomized retrospective registry with the primary endpoint of procedural success. Secondary endpoints included incidence of: death, myocardial infarction (MI), urgent revascularization, amputation, and major and minor bleeding. Results. One hundred and five consecutive patients were enrolled (bivalirudin = 53; heparin = 52). Baseline demographics were comparable between groups. Patients were pretreated with clopidogrel (approx. 71%) and aspirin (approx. 79%). Procedural success was achieved in 97% and 96% of patients in the bivalirudin- and heparin-treated groups, respectively. Event rates were low and similar between groups. Conclusion. Bivalirudin maintained an equal rate of procedural success in this cohort without sacrificing patient safety. Results of this study add to the growing body of evidence supporting the safety and efficacy of bivalirudin as a possible substitute for UFH in anticoagulation during peripheral vascular bare-metal stent implantation.

  11. Temporary Percutaneous Aortic Balloon Occlusion to Enhance Fluid Resuscitation Prior to Definitive Embolization of Post-Traumatic Liver Hemorrhage

    SciTech Connect

    Matsuoka, Shin; Uchiyama, Katsuhiro; Shima, Hideki; Ohishi, Sonomi; Nojiri, Yoko; Ogata, Hitoshi

    2001-07-15

    We successfully stabilized severe hemorrhagic shock following traumatic liver injury by percutaneous transcarotid supraceliac aortic occlusion with a 5 Fr balloon catheter. Then we were able to perform transfemoral embolization therapy of the hepatic arterial bleeding source. Transient aortic occlusion using a balloon catheter appears to be a useful adjunct in select cases where stabilization of the patient is necessary to allow successful selective embolization of the bleeding source.

  12. Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage and stenting for malignant obstructive jaundice: A report of two cases

    PubMed Central

    SHAO, JIN-HUI; FANG, HAI-XING; LI, GUO-WEI; HE, JIA-SHENG; WANG, BAO-QUAN; SUN, JUN-HUI

    2015-01-01

    Malignant obstructive jaundice comprises a group of diseases that can be caused by primary biliary and extra-biliary carcinomas. Generally, surgical resection is the primary treatment for malignant obstructive jaundice; however, for the patients that are unable to undergo surgery, urgent treatment is required to improve hepatic function. Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) and stenting are emerging alternative treatments for malignant obstructive jaundice. PTBD and stenting have exhibited good efficacy for the treatment of malignant obstructive jaundice, with few complications and reduced associated pain.

  13. Percutaneous papillary large balloon dilation during percutaneous cholangioscopic lithotripsy for the treatment of large bile-duct stones: a feasibility study.

    PubMed

    Han, Jee Young; Jeong, Seok; Lee, Don Haeng

    2015-03-01

    When access to a major duodenal papilla or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography has failed, percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopic lithotripsy (PTCS-L) may be useful for removing common bile duct (CBD) stones. However, the feasibility and usefulness of percutaneous transhepatic papillary large-balloon dilation (PPLBD) during PTCS-L for the removal of large CBD stones has not been established. We aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of PPLBD for the treatment of large CBD stones. Eleven patients with large CBD stones in whom the access to the major papilla or bile duct had failed were enrolled prospectively. Papillary dilation was performed using a large (12-20 mm) dilation balloon catheter via the percutaneous transhepatic route. Post-procedure adverse events and efficacy of the stone retrieval were measured. The initial success rate of PPLBD was 100%. No patient required a basket to remove a stone after PPLBD. Electrohydraulic lithotripsy was required in 2 (18.2%) patients. The median time to complete stone removal after PPLBD was 17.8 min and no adverse events occurred after PPLBD. Asymptomatic hyperamylasemia was not encountered in any patients. This study indicates that PPLBD is safe and effective for removal of large CBD stones. PMID:25729250

  14. Insertion of electrode array using percutaneous cochlear implantation technique: a cadaveric study Ramya Balachandran1

    E-print Network

    Insertion of electrode array using percutaneous cochlear implantation technique: a cadaveric study-invasive technique, called percutaneous cochlear implantation (PCI), has been proposed that involves drilling: Percutaneous cochlear implantation, microstereotactic frame, minimally-invasive surgery. 1. INTRODUCTION

  15. Percutaneous Treatment of Pyocystis in Patients with Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease

    SciTech Connect

    Akinci, Devrim Turkbey, Baris; Yilmaz, Rahmi; Akpinar, Erhan; Ozmen, Mustafa N.; Akhan, Okan

    2008-09-15

    The course of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is frequently complicated by infection of a cyst within a polycystic kidney, which is a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma damaging the clinical course of patients. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous drainage in management of infected cysts in ADPKD patients. Between May 2003 and December 2006, percutaneous drainage was performed in 16 infected renal cysts of four kidneys in three patients (two females, one male), with a mean age of 57.3 years. Cyst dimensions, total amount of drained cyst fluid, catheterization duration, isolated microorganisms, and follow-up duration were recorded. Technical, clinical success rates were 100%; the complication rate was 0%. Diameters of cysts ranged between 3 and 8 cm. Average volume of drained fluid and average duration of catheterization for one cyst were 226 ml and 9.8 days. No recurrence was encountered but one patient (no. 3), who had pyocystis in the right kidney and was treated with catheterization, referred with left flank pain due to pyocystis in her left kidney 3 months later. Follow-up durations were 35, 47, and 11 months for patients 1, 2, and 3, respectively. For patient 3, follow-up duration for the second procedure was 7 months. We conclude that percutaneous drainage with antibiotic therapy should be the initial method in management of infected cysts in ADPKD patients, with high success and low complication rates.

  16. Measuring organizational and individual factors thought to influence the success of quality improvement in primary care: a systematic review of instruments

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Continuous quality improvement (CQI) methods are widely used in healthcare; however, the effectiveness of the methods is variable, and evidence about the extent to which contextual and other factors modify effects is limited. Investigating the relationship between these factors and CQI outcomes poses challenges for those evaluating CQI, among the most complex of which relate to the measurement of modifying factors. We aimed to provide guidance to support the selection of measurement instruments by systematically collating, categorising, and reviewing quantitative self-report instruments. Methods Data sources: We searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Health and Psychosocial Instruments, reference lists of systematic reviews, and citations and references of the main report of instruments. Study selection: The scope of the review was determined by a conceptual framework developed to capture factors relevant to evaluating CQI in primary care (the InQuIRe framework). Papers reporting development or use of an instrument measuring a construct encompassed by the framework were included. Data extracted included instrument purpose; theoretical basis, constructs measured and definitions; development methods and assessment of measurement properties. Analysis and synthesis: We used qualitative analysis of instrument content and our initial framework to develop a taxonomy for summarising and comparing instruments. Instrument content was categorised using the taxonomy, illustrating coverage of the InQuIRe framework. Methods of development and evidence of measurement properties were reviewed for instruments with potential for use in primary care. Results We identified 186 potentially relevant instruments, 152 of which were analysed to develop the taxonomy. Eighty-four instruments measured constructs relevant to primary care, with content measuring CQI implementation and use (19 instruments), organizational context (51 instruments), and individual factors (21 instruments). Forty-one instruments were included for full review. Development methods were often pragmatic, rather than systematic and theory-based, and evidence supporting measurement properties was limited. Conclusions Many instruments are available for evaluating CQI, but most require further use and testing to establish their measurement properties. Further development and use of these measures in evaluations should increase the contribution made by individual studies to our understanding of CQI and enhance our ability to synthesise evidence for informing policy and practice. PMID:23241168

  17. Stabilisation of a loosened femoral gamma nail by percutaneous cement injection (cementoplasty): a new technique.

    PubMed

    Gallo, Giacomo; Caudal, Amandine; Bronsard, Nicolas; Hauger, Olivier; Amoretti, Nicolas

    2015-10-01

    Surgical repair of pertrochanteric and subtrochanteric fractures in the elderly is usually achieved using an endomedullary nail. Unfortunately, even today, some of the patients who undergo this intervention develop periprosthetic bone absorption over time that can lead to loosening of the prosthesis, resulting in pain, joint instability and the need for revision surgery. Surgical revision is hindered by potential complications related to patients' existing underlying medical conditions. It is often the case that these patients are weak and present comorbidities, which can lead to an absolute contraindication to surgery. An interesting alternative could be the stabilisation by percutaneous injection of cement (cementoplasty) in the periprosthetic space under CT and fluoroscopic guidance. In patients with absolute contraindication we performed percutaneous cementoplasty as treatment for femoral prosthesis loosening. Our procedure was technically a success following the end of the intervention period (follow-up: 6 months). The patient no longer experienced significant pain and showed stability of the prosthesis, as demonstrated by CT. PMID:26138339

  18. Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Drainage of Neonatal Pyometrocolpos Under Local Anesthesia

    SciTech Connect

    Algin, Oktay; Erdogan, Cuneyt; Kilic, Nizamettin

    2011-02-15

    Hydrometrocolpos is an uncommon congenital disorder with cystic dilatation of the vagina and uterus that occurs as a result of accumulated secretions from the reproductive tract due to distal genital tract obstruction. Secondary infection may also occur, resulting in pyometrocolpos, a potentially lethal disease. Immediate drainage of the cystic mass in patients determined to have pyometrocolpos is required to prevent or treat uropathy and septicemia until definitive corrective surgery can be performed. We report an unusual cause of obstructive uropathy in three infants: pyometrocolpos due to lower genital tract atresia. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous drainage of the pyometrocolpos resulted in dramatically improved clinical and laboratory findings in these patients. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous drainage under local anesthesia is a simple, minimally invasive, safe, and effective procedure that facilitates later successful corrective surgery and avoids the need for more complex drainage procedures.

  19. A specific closed percutaneous technique for reduction of Jeffery type II lesion.

    PubMed

    Chotel, Franck; Sailhan, Frédéric; Martin, Jean-Noël; Filipe, Georges; Pem, Rajkumar; Garnier, Emmanuelle; Berard, Jerôme

    2006-09-01

    Open reduction is commonly recommended in Jeffery type II fractures. Attempts to reduce these fractures percutaneously were reported as unsafe and unreliable. We revisited this technique and used a specific percutaneous reduction that turned out to be successful in two cases. Instead of lifting the radial head as described in leverage maneuver, we use a pushing-back procedure to reduce the fracture. The maneuver aims at suppressing the capitellum interposition between the head fragment and the metaphysis by reproducing the reversed trajectory of trauma. This reduction is made possible because of the posterior periosteal attachment of the radial head. A few weeks after the procedure, the two patients remained painless, recovered a complete range of motion in prono-supination and returned to sports. In these two cases, the procedure used led to a prompt recovery and provided a much better outcome than described with the classic open approach. PMID:16891967

  20. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography in the investigation of the persistent postoperative bile leak.

    PubMed

    Kissin, C M; Grundy, A

    1987-01-01

    Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTHC) is now a widely available, inexpensive investigation with a low incidence of complications, especially in the nonobstructed system, and a high success rate. Its role in the management of obstructive jaundice is well established but it is only infrequently performed in the investigation of persistent bile leakage following biliary tract surgery. Four cases are reported in which the superior demonstration of biliary anatomy provided by PTHC allowed successful identification of the site of postoperative biliary leakage. We compared PTHC with other diagnostic imaging techniques available and conclude that it is a safe, accurate, and reliable technique. PMID:3596138

  1. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy for 1-2 cm lower-pole renal calculi

    PubMed Central

    Chibber, Percy Jal

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: The most appropriate management of patients with lower-pole calyceal (LC) stones remains controversial. In this review we discuss the role of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the management of LC stones 1–2 cm in maximum dimension. Materials and Methods: A detailed literature review was performed to summarize the recent technical developments and controversies in PCNL. The results of PCNL for 1-2 cm LC calculi were reviewed. Results: PCNL is increasingly employed as a primary modality in the treatment of LC calculi. It has a high success rate and acceptably low percentage of major complications in experienced hands. Supine position is found to be as safe and effective as prone position. Urologist-acquired access is associated with fewer access-related complications and better stone-free rates. Ultrasound is increasingly employed as an imaging modality for obtaining access. There have been increasing reports of tubeless PCNL in the literature. Most patients undergoing tubeless PCNL do not need hemostatic agents as an adjuvant for hemostasis. Non-contrast computed tomography does not yield statistically valuable increase in the diagnosis of significant residual stones compared with that of plain X-ray and linear tomography. Comprehensive metabolic evaluation and aggressive medical management can control new stone recurrences and growth of residual fragments following PCNL. Conclusions: PCNL is a highly effective procedure with consistently high stone-free rates when compared with extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy or retrograde intrarenal surgery. The results also do not depend on anatomic factors and stone size. It is associated with low morbidity in experienced hands. PMID:19468514

  2. Access-Related Venous Stenoses and Occlusions: Treatment with Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty and Dacron-Covered Stents

    SciTech Connect

    Farber, Alexander; Barbey, Mark-Michael; Grunert, Jens-Holger; Gmelin, Ekkechardt

    1999-05-15

    Purpose: To determine the effectiveness of using Dacron-covered stents to treat access-related venous stenoses and occlusions. Methods: Twenty-two Dacron-covered stents were placed in 20 patients: in the basilic or axillary vein (n = 2), cephalic vein (n = 3), subclavian vein (n = 5), and at the venous anastomosis of the polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) implant graft (n 10). Results: Initial technical success was 100%. The cumulative primary and secondary patency rates were 57% and 83% at 6 months, 29% and 64% at 12 months, and 29% and 53% at 18 months. A statistically significant difference in the stent patency was revealed by comparing the patients with stents in the subclavian vein and patients with upper arm stents. The secondary patency rates of the upper arm stents were 73% after 6, 12, and 18 months. Conclusions: Percutaneous placement of Dacron-covered stents is a safe and effective procedure for salvage of a dialysis fistula. First results are promising, with a tendency to prolongation of the time interval between reinterventions.

  3. Use of novel 6 French intra-aortic balloon pump catheter for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Yamada, Takeshi; Mizuguchi, Yukio; Sakamoto, Shingo; Taniguchi, Norimasa; Nakajima, Shunsuke; Takahashi, Akihiko

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of a new 6 French (6 Fr) intra-aortic balloon pumping (IABP) catheter for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Sixty-nine consecutive patients who received a 6 Fr IABP catheter were retrospectively evaluated. Patients with height <162 cm were primary selected for the 6 Fr IABP catheter treatment because of limited balloon size (30 ml). These catheters were also used for patients for whom the femoral approach was contraindicated. The mean age of the patients was 76.9 years. The average height and body weight were 156.7 cm and 56.0 kg, respectively. The 6 Fr IABP catheters were successfully inserted in all 69 patients, including four patients treated via the brachial artery. No patient developed limb ischemia. Poor helium inflation due to kinking of the catheter shaft occurred in one patient and helium leakage in one patient. The other 67 patients were well supported, and no patient required the 6 Fr catheter to be exchanged with a larger balloon catheter. The current study demonstrates that using this novel and currently, the thinnest IABP catheter is feasible and safe for small-sized patients undergoing PCI and seems promising for reduction in vascular complications. Brachial insertion is also possible using the 6 Fr IABP catheter; this may solve access site limitations observed with existing conventional IABP catheters. PMID:23851454

  4. Successful Engraftment and Durable Graft-versus-host Disease Control with Haploidentical Peripheral Blood and a Short-term Conditioning Regimen for Primary Graft Failure.

    PubMed

    Tachibana, Takayoshi; Yamamoto, Eri; Kawasaki, Rika; Koharazawa, Hideyuki; Ishibashi, Daisuke; Nakajima, Yuki; Tanaka, Masatsugu; Matsumoto, Kenji; Ishigatsubo, Yoshiaki; Fujisawa, Shin

    2015-01-01

    Primary graft failure occurred after cord blood transplantation for a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The second transplantation was performed using haploidentical peripheral blood. The conditioning regimen consisted of fludarabine (day -1; 30 mg/m(2)), cyclophosphamide (day -1; 2,000 mg/m(2)), and total body irradiation (day -1; 2 Gy). The immunosuppressants contained tacrolimus, prednisolone, and rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (day -3 to -2; total dose: 3.75 mg/kg). The engraftment was confirmed on day 9. Both acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease were controllable. The present regimen appears to be suitable for immediate management, fast engraftment, and the durable control of complications. PMID:26521905

  5. Percutaneous coronary intervention: recommendations for good practice and training

    PubMed Central

    Dawkins, K; Gershlick, T; de Belder, M; Chauhan, A; Venn, G; Schofield, P; Smith, D; Watkins, J; Gray, H; Joint, W

    2005-01-01

    Cardiologists undertaking percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are excited by the combination of patient and physician satisfaction and technological advance occurring on the background of the necessary manual dexterity. Progress and applicability of percutaneous techniques since their inception in 1977 have been remarkable; a sound evidence base coupled with the enthusiasm and ingenuity of the medical device industry has resulted in a sea change in the treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD), which continues to evolve at breakneck speed. This is the third set of guidelines produced by the British Cardiovascular Intervention Society and the British Cardiac Society.1,2 Following the last set of guidelines published in 2000, we have seen PCI activity in the UK increase from 33 652 to 62 780 (87% in four years) such that the PCI to coronary artery bypass grafting ratio has increased to 2.5:1. The impact of drug eluting stents has been profound, and the Department of Health is investigating the feasibility of primary PCI for acute myocardial infarction. Nevertheless, the changes in the structure of National Health Service funding are likely to focus our attention on cost effective treatments and will require physician engagement and sensitive handling if we are to continue the rapid and appropriate growth in our chosen field.3 It is important with this burgeoning development now occurring on a broad front (in both regional centres and district general hospitals) that we maintain our vigilance on audit and outcome measures so that standards are maintained for both operators and institutions alike. This set of guidelines includes new sections on training, informed consent, and a core evidence base, which we hope you will find useful and informative. Keith D Dawkins: President, British Cardiovascular Intervention Society (2000–2004) Huon H Gray: President, British Cardiac Society (2003–2005) PMID:16365340

  6. Percutaneous Transhepatic Removal of Bile Duct Stones: Results of 261 Patients

    SciTech Connect

    Ozcan, Nevzat Kahriman, Guven Mavili, Ertugrul

    2012-08-15

    Purpose: To determine the effectiveness of percutaneous transhepatic removal of bile duct stones when the procedure of endoscopic therapy fails for reasons of anatomical anomalies or is rejected by the patient. Methods: Between April 2001 and May 2010, 261 patients (138 male patients and 123 female patients; age range, 14-92 years; mean age, 64.6 years) with bile duct stones (common bile duct [CBD] stones = 248 patients and hepatolithiasis = 13 patients) were included in the study. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography was performed, and stones were identified. Percutaneous transhepatic balloon dilation of the papilla of Vater was performed. Then stones were pushed out into the duodenum with a Fogarty balloon catheter. If the stone diameter was larger than 15 mm, then basket lithotripsy was performed before balloon dilation. Results: Overall success rate was 95.7%. The procedure was successful in 97.5% of patients with CBD stones and in 61.5% of patients with hepatolithiasis. A total of 18 major complications (6.8%), including cholangitis (n = 7), subcapsular biloma (n = 4), subcapsular hematoma (n = 1), subcapsular abscess (n = 1), bile peritonitis (n = 1), duodenal perforation (n = 1), CBD perforation (n = 1), gastroduodenal artery pseudoaneurysm (n = 1), and right hepatic artery transection (n = 1), were observed after the procedure. There was no mortality. Conclusion: Our experience suggests that percutaneous transhepatic stone expulsion into the duodenum through the papilla is an effective and safe approach in the nonoperative management of the bile duct stones. It is a feasible alternative to surgery when endoscopic extraction fails or is rejected by the patient.

  7. Percutaneous Transhepatic Removal of Bile Duct Stones: Results of 261 Patients

    SciTech Connect

    Ozcan, Nevzat Kahriman, Guven Mavili, Ertugrul

    2012-06-15

    Purpose: To determine the effectiveness of percutaneous transhepatic removal of bile duct stones when the procedure of endoscopic therapy fails for reasons of anatomical anomalies or is rejected by the patient. Methods: Between April 2001 and May 2010, 261 patients (138 male patients and 123 female patients; age range, 14-92 years; mean age, 64.6 years) with bile duct stones (common bile duct [CBD] stones = 248 patients and hepatolithiasis = 13 patients) were included in the study. First, percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography was performed and stones were identified. Percutaneous transhepatic balloon dilation of the papilla of Vater was performed. Then stones were pushed out into the duodenum with a Fogarty balloon catheter. If the stone diameter was larger than 15 mm, then basket lithotripsy was performed before balloon dilation. Results: Overall success rate was 95.7%. The procedure was successful in 97.5% of patients with CBD stones and in 61.5% of patients with hepatolithiasis. A total of 18 (6.8%) major complications, including cholangitis (n = 7), subcapsular biloma (n = 4), subcapsular hematoma (n = 1), subcapsular abscess (n = 1), bile peritonitis (n = 1), duodenal perforation (n = 1), CBD perforation (n = 1), gastroduodenal artery pseudoaneurysm (n = 1), and right hepatic artery transection (n = 1), were seen after the procedure. There was no mortality. Conclusion: Our experience suggests that percutaneous transhepatic stone expulsion into the duodenum through the papilla is an effective and safe approach in the nonoperative management of the bile duct stones. It is a feasible alternative to surgery when endoscopic extraction fails or is rejected by the patient.

  8. Clinical Validation of Percutaneous Cochlear Implant Surgery: Initial Report

    PubMed Central

    Labadie, Robert F.; Noble, Jack H.; Dawant, Benoit M.; Balachandran, Ramya; Majdani, Omid; Fitzpatrick, J. Michael

    2015-01-01

    Objective Percutaneous cochlear implant surgery consists of a single drill path from the lateral mastoid cortex to the cochlea via the facial recess. We sought to clinically validate this technique in patients undergoing traditional cochlear implant surgery. Study Design Prospective clinical trial. Methods After institutional regulatory board approved protocols, five ears were studied via the following steps. 1) In the clinic under local anesthesia, bone-implanted anchors were placed surrounding each mastoid. 2) Temporal-bone computed tomography (CT) scans were obtained. 3) On the CT scans, paths were planned from the lateral mastoid cortex, through the facial recess, to the basal turn of the cochlea both “manually” and “automatically” using computer software. 4) Customized microstereotactic frames were rapid-prototyped to serve as drill guides constraining the drill to follow the appropriate path. 5) During cochlear implant surgery, after drilling of the facial recess, drill guides were mounted on the bone-implanted anchors. 6) Accuracy of paths was assessed via intraoperative photodocumentation. Results All surgical paths successfully traversed the facial recess and hit the basal turn of the cochlea. Distance in millimeters (average SD) from the midpoint of the drill to the facial nerve was 1.18 ± 0.68 for the “manual” path and 1.24 ± 0.44 mm for the “automatic” path and for the chorda tympani 0.986 ± 0.48 for the “manual” path and 1.22 ± 0.62 for the “automatic” path. Conclusions Percutaneous cochlear implant access using customized drill guides based on preoperative CT scans and image-guided surgery technology can be safely accomplished. PMID:18401279

  9. Ultrasonography guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation for hepatic cavernous hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Cui, Yan; Zhou, Li-Yan; Dong, Man-Ku; Wang, Ping; Ji, Min; Li, Xiao-Ou; Chen, Chang-Wei; Liu, Zi-Pei; Xu, Yong-Jie; Zhang, Hong-Wen

    2003-01-01

    AIM: Hepatic cavernous hemangioma (HCH) is the most common benign tumor of the liver and its management is still controversial. Recent success in situ radiofrequency ablation of hepatic malignancies has led us to consider using this technique in patients with HCH. This study was to assess the efficacy, safety, and complications of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (PRFA) under ultrasonography guidance in patients with HCH. METHODS: Twelve patients (four men and eight women, age ranged 33-56 years, mean age was 41.7 years) with 15 hepatic cavernous hemangiomas (2.5 cm to 9.5 cm) were treated using the RF-2000 generator and 10-needle LeVeen electrode percutaneously guided by B-ultrasound. Lesions larger than 3 cm were treated by multiple overlapping ablations that encompass the entire lesion as well as a rim of normal liver tissue (approximately 0.5 cm). RESULTS: All the patients who received PRFA therapy had no severe pain, bleeding or bile leakage during and after the procedures. Nine to 34 months’ follow-up (mean, 21 months) by ultrasound and/or spiral CT scan demonstrated that the ablated lesions in this group were shrunk remarkably, and the shrunken range was 38%-79% (mean, 67% per 21 months). The contrast enhancement was disappeared within the tumor or at its periphery in all cases on spiral CT scans obtained 3 to 6 months after treatment. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that PRFA therapy is a mini-invasive, simple, safe, and effective method for the treatment of selected patients with HCH. PMID:12970923

  10. 21 CFR 870.1310 - Vessel dilator for percutaneous catheterization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES CARDIOVASCULAR DEVICES Cardiovascular Diagnostic Devices § 870.1310 Vessel dilator for percutaneous catheterization. (a)...

  11. Percutaneous Large Arterial Access Closure Techniques.

    PubMed

    McGraw, Charles J; Gandhi, Ripal T; Vatakencherry, Geogy; Baumann, Frederic; Benenati, James F

    2015-06-01

    Endovascular repair has replaced open surgical repair as the standard of care for treatment of abdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysms in appropriately selected patients owing to its decreased morbidity and length of stay and excellent clinical outcomes. Similarly, there is a progressive trend toward total percutaneous repair of the femoral artery using percutaneous suture-mediated closure devices over open surgical repair due to decreased complications and procedure time. This article describes the techniques of closure for large-bore vascular access most commonly used in endovascular treatment of abdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysms, but could similarly be applied to any procedure requiring large-bore arterial access, such as transcatheter aortic valve replacement. PMID:26070624

  12. Percutaneous heart valves; past, present and future.

    PubMed

    Rozeik, M M; Wheatley, D J; Gourlay, T

    2014-09-01

    Percutaneous heart valves provide a promising future for patients refused surgery on the grounds of significant technical challenges or high risk for complications. Since the first human intervention more than 10 years ago, over 50 different types of valves have been developed. The CoreValve and Edwards SAPIEN valves have both experienced clinical trials and the latter has gained FDA approval for implantation in patients considered inoperable. Current complications, such as major vascular bleeding and stroke, prevent these valves from being commonly deployed in patients considered operable in conventional surgery. This review focuses on the past and present achievements of these valves and highlights the design considerations required to progress development further. It is envisaged that, with continued improvement in valve design and with increased clinical and engineering experience, percutaneous heart valve replacement may one day be a viable option for lower-risk operable patients. PMID:24637621

  13. [A rare case of lymphangitis carcinomatosa of the lung due to primary pulmonary adenocarcinoma with intestinal differentiation successfully treated with chemotherapy].

    PubMed

    Ishida, Hirotaka; Yokota, Kenichi; Suzuki, Yuka; Endo, Etsuko; Ogasawara, Hiroyuki; Kosaka, Shinkichi; Minegishi, Michito; Iwane, Takeru; Yokoyama, Shigekuni; Otomo, Hiroshi; Sasano, Hironobu

    2015-03-01

    We report a rare case of lymphangitis carcinomatosa in a 66-year-old man with a relatively long survival of 18 months following chemotherapy.The patient initially presented with dyspnea and lower abdominal pain.Subsequent colonoscopy detected adenocarcinoma of the descending colon, and computed tomography (CT) demonstrated indications of lymphangitis carcinomatosa of the lung.Therefore, the patient was diagnosed with pulmonary metastasis due to colon cancer and administered chemotherapy.The performance status (PS) of patients with lymphangitis carcinomatosa is usually dismal.This patient's PS was also poor, but dyspnea markedly improved following chemotherapy, and a subsequent CT revealed disappearance of radiological findings of lymphangitis carcinomatosa.However, subsequent immunocytochemistry analysis using the cell transfer method in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid specimens revealed diffuse positivity for cytokeratin (CK) 7, while the colon carcinoma was negative for CK7.The difference in CK7 immunoreactivity between the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and biopsy specimen of the colon indicated that the lymphangitis carcinomatosa in this patient could be reasonably postulated to be caused by a synchronous primary pulmonary adenocarcinoma with intestinal differentiation.However, an autopsy could not be performed to test this hypothesis. PMID:25812511

  14. Supine versus prone position for percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

    PubMed

    Salvadó, J A; Mendez, C E

    2015-12-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) is today gold standard for the management of complex urinary calculi. Over its lifespan this surgery has been subjected to multiple modifications and variants: for example, the anatomical positioning of the patient is still under controversy, especially the opposition amongst the prone and supine approaches, the two most common patient positions currently used for PCNL. Our objective was to review the literature and to discuss advantages and drawbacks from either technique. PMID:26329756

  15. The impact of accreditation of primary healthcare centers: successes, challenges and policy implications as perceived by healthcare providers and directors in Lebanon

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background In 2009, the Lebanese Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) launched the Primary Healthcare (PHC) accreditation program to improve quality across the continuum of care. The MOPH, with the support of Accreditation Canada, conducted the accreditation survey in 25 PHC centers in 2012. This paper aims to gain a better understanding of the impact of accreditation on quality of care as perceived by PHC staff members and directors; how accreditation affected staff and patient satisfaction; key enablers, challenges and strategies to improve implementation of accreditation in PHC. Methods The study was conducted in 25 PHC centers using a cross-sectional mixed methods approach; all staff members were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire whereas semi-structured interviews were conducted with directors. Results The scales measuring Management and Leadership had the highest mean score followed by Accreditation Impact, Human Resource Utilization, and Customer Satisfaction. Regression analysis showed that Strategic Quality Planning, Customer Satisfaction and Staff Involvement were associated with a perception of higher Quality Results. Directors emphasized the benefits of accreditation with regards to documentation, reinforcement of quality standards, strengthened relationships between PHC centers and multiple stakeholders and improved staff and patient satisfaction. Challenges encountered included limited financial resources, poor infrastructure, and staff shortages. Conclusions To better respond to population health needs, accreditation is an important first step towards improving the quality of PHC delivery arrangement system. While there is a need to expand the implementation of accreditation to cover all PHC centers in Lebanon, considerations should be given to strengthening their financial arrangements as well. PMID:24568632

  16. Percutaneous unroofing of renal simple cysts: Experience from one centre

    PubMed Central

    Tehranchi, Ali; Hamedanchi, Sepehr; Badalzadeh, Afshin

    2011-01-01

    Objective To assess the efficacy of percutaneous unroofing (PU) for treating simple renal cysts, compared with laparoscopic decortication and open surgery. Patients and methods From November 2009 to October 2010, 11 patients with 12 simple cysts in renal units were managed by PU. All cysts were evaluated with ultrasonography and abdominal computed tomography. A standard transurethral resectoscope was used to resect the cyst wall, and the parenchymal portion of the cyst was subsequently cauterised. A drain was left in place for 2 days. Success was defined as a >50% reduction in cyst diameter. Results At the 5-month follow-up, patients were asked about their symptoms and assessed by ultrasonography. Of the 12 cyst units, eight were completely resolved, three were reduced to <50% in diameter and one was persistent, close to the original size. Conclusion Simple renal cysts can be managed safely by PU, with a success rate of >90%. This technique offers several advantages over open surgery, with a shorter hospital stay, improved convalescence and reduced risk of complications. PU also avoids the multiple trocar sites, extensive dissection, and technical difficulty associated with laparoscopy. PMID:26579308

  17. Percutaneous Valve Replacement: Significance of Different Delivery Systems In Vitro and In Vivo

    SciTech Connect

    Attmann, Tim; Lutter, Georg Quaden, Rene; Jahnke, Thomas; Rumberg, Kristin; Cremer, Jochen; Muller-Hulsbeck, Stefan

    2006-06-15

    Background and purpose. Percutaneous heart valve replacement is an exciting growing field in cardiovascular medicine yet still with some major problems. Only sophisticated improvement of the instruments could make it a real alternative to conventional surgery. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate different delivery devices for percutaneous heart valve replacement in vitro and in vivo. Methods. A catheter prototype designed by our group, and two commercially available devices for the delivery of esophageal stents and aortic endoprostheses, were tested. After in vitro experiments, an ovine animal model of transfemoral pulmonary valve implantation was established using biological valved self-expanding stents. Only the delivery device for aortic endografts (Medtronic, Talent, Santa Rosa, CA, USA) allowed fast in vitro procedures without material fatigue. This device was chosen for the in vivo tests. Results. Technical success was achieved in 9 of 10 animals (90%). One animal died after perforation of the ventricular wall. Orthotopic pulmonary placement was performed in 6 animals and intentional supravalvular valved stent placement in 3 animals. Conclusions. An adequate in vitro model for this evolving field of interventional heart valve replacement is presented. Furthermore, the present study pinpoints the key characteristics that are mandatory for a delivery system in percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation. With regard to the delivery device's ductility observed during this 'venous' study, an approach to transfemoral aortic valve implantation seems feasible.

  18. Percutaneous Ablation of Peripheral Pseudoaneurysms Using Thrombin: A Simple and Effective Solution

    SciTech Connect

    Owen, Richard J.T.; Haslam, Philip J.; Elliott, Simon T.; Rose, John D.G.; Loose, Henry W.

    2000-11-15

    Purpose: To assess the effectiveness of tissue adhesive and thrombin solution in the percutaneous ablation of peripheral artery pseudoaneurysms.Methods: Twenty-five pseudoaneurysms were treated over a 33-month period; all had failed ultrasound-guided compression. Tissue adhesive or thrombin solution was injected percutaneously, with needle tip position and changes within the aneurysm confirmed with color Doppler ultrasound. In 19 cases we utilized a protective balloon inflated across the aneurysm neck prior to the injection of tissue adhesive and in six cases used thrombin injection alone. Seven patients were anticoagulated. Patients were followed up after the procedure.Results: All 25 aneurysms were treated successfully; two patients required a return visit and there were no immediate complications or peripheral emboli detected. One patient developed a contralateral pseudoaneurysm.Conclusions: The percutaneous injection of pseudoaneurysms is a safe, a traumatic, and effective treatment for femoral artery pseudoaneurysms in the peripheral circulation. There are significant advantages over ultrasound-guided compression or surgical repair.

  19. Percutaneous Access via the Recanalized Paraumbilical Vein for Varix Embolization in Seven Patients

    PubMed Central

    Cho, Yeon Jin; Kim, Young Whan; Hur, Saebeom; Jae, Hwan Jun; Chung, Jin Wook

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the feasibility of percutaneous access via the recanalized paraumbilical vein for varix embolization. Materials and Methods Between July 2008 and Jan 2014, percutaneous access via the recanalized paraumbilical vein for varix embolization was attempted in seven patients with variceal bleeding. Paraumbilical vein puncture was performed under ultrasonographic guidance, followed by introduction of a 5-Fr sheath. We retrospectively evaluated the technical feasibility, procedure-related complications, and clinical outcomes of each patient. Results Recanalized paraumbilical vein catheterization was performed successfully in all patients. Gastroesophageal varix embolization was performed in six patients, and umbilical varix embolization was performed in one patient. Embolic materials used are N-butyl cyanoacrylate (n = 6) and coil with N-butyl cyanoacrylate (n = 1). There were no procedure-related complications. One patient underwent repeated variceal embolization 6 hours after initial procedure via recanalized paraumbilical vein, due to rebleeding from gastric varix. Conclusion Percutaneous access via the paraumbilical vein for varix embolization is a simple alternative in patients with portal hypertension. PMID:25246824

  20. Arthroscopically assisted percutaneous fixation and bone grafting of a glenoid fossa fracture nonunion.

    PubMed

    Sears, Benjamin W; Lazarus, Mark D

    2012-08-01

    Arthroscopy is commonly used for evaluating intra-articular fracture patterns and assessing postfixation reduction; however, the use of arthroscopy for the definitive treatment of articular fracture nonunion has not been reported. This article describes a case of symptomatic glenoid fossa fracture nonunion that was successfully treated with arthroscopically assisted percutaneous screw fixation and bone grafting. A 48-year-old laborer sustained a glenoid fossa fracture following a fall from a height. An initial period of nonoperative management was attempted; however, the patient reported continued shoulder pain during his rehabilitation course. Imaging 5 months after injury showed no osseous union at the fracture. Using an arthroscopically assisted technique, percutaneous fixation and bone grafting of the nonunion with cancellous allograft was performed. Postoperatively, the patient progressed through a structured therapy program, and his pain improved. A computed tomography scan 4 months postoperatively showed osseous union at the fracture site. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report in the literature of definitive arthroscopically assisted bone grafting and percutaneous fixation of a diarthrodial joint nonunion. Advantages of arthroscopic fixation of glenoid fossa fracture nonunion include avoiding potential axillary nerve injury and preserving the native subscapularis insertion, which may be important if subsequent procedures require access to the anterior access to the joint. PMID:22868621

  1. A-scan ultrasound system for real-time puncture safety assessment during percutaneous nephrolithotomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodrigues, Pedro L.; Rodrigues, Nuno F.; Fonseca, Jaime C.; von Krüger, M. A.; Pereira, W. C. A.; Vilaça, João. L.

    2015-03-01

    Background: Kidney stone is a major universal health problem, affecting 10% of the population worldwide. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a first-line and established procedure for disintegration and removal of renal stones. Its surgical success depends on the precise needle puncture of renal calyces, which remains the most challenging task for surgeons. This work describes and tests a new ultrasound based system to alert the surgeon when undesirable anatomical structures are in between the puncture path defined through a tracked needle. Methods: Two circular ultrasound transducers were built with a single 3.3-MHz piezoelectric ceramic PZT SN8, 25.4 mm of radius and resin-epoxy matching and backing layers. One matching layer was designed with a concave curvature to work as an acoustic lens with long focusing. The A-scan signals were filtered and processed to automatically detect reflected echoes. Results: The transducers were mapped in water tank and tested in a study involving 45 phantoms. Each phantom mimics different needle insertion trajectories with a percutaneous path length between 80 and 150 mm. Results showed that the beam cross-sectional area oscillates around the ceramics radius and it was possible to automatically detect echo signals in phantoms with length higher than 80 mm. Conclusions: This new solution may alert the surgeon about anatomical tissues changes during needle insertion, which may decrease the need of X-Ray radiation exposure and ultrasound image evaluation during percutaneous puncture.

  2. Percutaneous external fixator pins with bactericidal micron-thin sol-gel films for the prevention of pin tract infection.

    PubMed

    Qu, Haibo; Knabe, Christine; Radin, Shula; Garino, Jonathan; Ducheyne, Paul

    2015-09-01

    Risk of infection is considerable in open fractures, especially when fracture fixation devices are used to stabilize the fractured bones. Overall deep infection rates of 16.2% have been reported. The infection rate is even greater, up to 32.2%, with external fixation of femoral fractures. The use of percutaneous implants for certain clinical applications, such as percutaneous implants for external fracture fixation, still represents a challenge today. Currently, bone infections are very difficult to treat. Very potent antibiotics are needed, which creates the risk of irreversible damage to other organs, when the antibiotics are administered systemically. As such, controlled, local release is being pursued, but no such treatments are in clinical use. Herein, the use of bactericidal micron-thin sol-gel films on metallic fracture fixation pins is reported. The data demonstrates that triclosan (2,4,4'-trichloro-2'-hydroxydiphenylether), an antimicrobial agent, can be successfully incorporated into micron-thin sol-gel films deposited on percutaneous pins. The sol-gel films continuously release triclosan in vitro for durations exceeding 8 weeks (longest measured time point). The bactericidal effect of the micron-thin sol-gel films follows from both in vitro and in vivo studies. Inserting percutaneous pins in distal rabbit tibiae, there were no signs of infection around implants coated with a micron-thin sol-gel/triclosan film. Healing had progressed normally, bone tissue growth was normal and there was no epithelial downgrowth. This result was in contrast with the results in rabbits that received control, uncoated percutaneous pins, in which abundant signs of infection and epithelial downgrowth were observed. Thus, well-adherent, micron-thin sol-gel films laden with a bactericidal molecule successfully prevented pin tract infection. PMID:26036176

  3. Percutaneous Image-Guided Ablation of Breast Tumors: An Overview

    PubMed Central

    Sag, Alan A.; Maybody, Majid; Comstock, Christopher; Solomon, Stephen B.

    2014-01-01

    Percutaneous non-surgical image-guided ablation is emerging as an adjunct or alternative to surgery in the management of benign and malignant breast tumors. This review covers the current state of the literature regarding percutaneous image-guided ablation modalities, clinical factors regarding patient selection, and future directions for research. PMID:25049447

  4. Carbon dioxide and gadopentetate dimeglumine venography to guide percutaneous vertebroplasty.

    PubMed

    McGraw, J K; Strnad, B T; Patzik, S B; Silber, J S; LaValley, A L; Boorstein, J M

    2000-01-01

    Percutaneous vertebroplasty with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) is an effective procedure for relieving pain due to vertebral body compression fractures. The technique employs iodinated contrast venography to exclude needle placement directly within the basivertebral complex. We present two cases in which carbon dioxide (CO2) and gadopentetate dimeglumine venography was used to guide percutaneous vertebroplasty in patients with a contraindication to iodinated contrast. PMID:11232902

  5. Percutaneous Endoscopic Holmium Laser Lithotripsy for Management of Complicated Biliary Calculi

    PubMed Central

    Healy, Kelly; Chamsuddin, Abbas; Spivey, James; Martin, Louis; Nieh, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Advances in endoscopic techniques have transformed the management of urolithiasis. We sought to evaluate the role of such urological interventions for the treatment of complex biliary calculi. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of all patients (n=9) undergoing percutaneous holmium laser lithotripsy for complicated biliary calculi over a 4-year period (12/2003 to 12/2007). All previously failed standard techniques include ERCP with sphincterotomy (n=6), PTHC (n=7), or both of these. Access to the biliary system was obtained via an existing percutaneous transhepatic catheter or T-tube tracts. Endoscopic holmium laser lithotripsy was performed via a flexible cystoscope or ureteroscope. Stone clearance was confirmed intra- and postoperatively. A percutaneous transhepatic drain was left indwelling for follow-up imaging. Results: Mean patient age was 65.6 years (range, 38 to 92). Total stone burden ranged from 1.7 cm to 5 cm. All 9 patients had stones located in the CBD, with 2 patients also having additional stones within the hepatic ducts. All 9 patients (100%) were visually stone-free after one endoscopic procedure. No major perioperative complications occurred. Mean length of stay was 2.4 days. At a mean radiological follow-up of 5.4 months (range, 0.5 to 21), no stone recurrence was noted. Conclusions: Percutaneous endoscopic holmium laser lithotripsy is a minimally invasive alternative to open salvage surgery for complex biliary calculi refractory to standard approaches. This treatment is both safe and efficacious. Success depends on a multidisciplinary approach. PMID:19660213

  6. Spinal cord stimulation with percutaneous and plate electrodes: side effects and quantitative comparisons.

    PubMed

    North, R B; Lanning, A; Hessels, R; Cutchis, P N

    1997-01-15

    Spinal cord stimulation is limited by the uncomfortable side effects experienced by the patient as the amplitude of stimulation is increased. These side effects include local segmental paresthesias or motor responses, which are objectively demonstrable as frequency-following muscle contractions, attributable to dorsal root stimulation. The authors present evidence for another mechanism of stimulation-evoked discomfort, namely recruitment of small fibers in ligamentum flavum, which occurs when electrodes are inserted percutaneously and their contacts are exposed circumferentially; this does not occur with plate electrodes with insulated dorsal surfaces. In a consecutive series of 79 patients with postsurgical lumbar pain syndromes, percutaneous four-contact electrodes were tested at levels from T-8 through T-12. At one or more levels, 46% of patients described paravertebral, nonradiating discomfort, unaccompanied by frequency-following muscle contractions. This was observed most commonly at the T-8 and T-9 levels. The effect was ameliorated in some cases by using multiple cathodes in parallel, which reduced the current density at individual contacts. In 10 of these patients, this side effect interfered with an otherwise successful trial to such a degree that an insulated plate electrode was selected for permanent implantation at the same level as the percutaneous electrode. This eliminated the uncomfortable side effect completely in all patients. Intraoperative testing with the insulated plate electrode inverted (that is, contacts dorsal) reproduced the side effect in the majority of patients, indicating that structures dorsal to the electrode, such as fibers in ligamentum flavum, mediate the effect. Postoperative testing by computerized techniques demonstrated improved coverage of pain by stimulation paresthesias, with lower stimulation power requirements, using the insulated plate electrode. This technical limitation of percutaneous spinal cord stimulation electrodes, which may confound treatment if unrecognized, has been found to have a straightforward solution which indicates the underlying mechanism. PMID:15096024

  7. Graft Loss Due to Percutaneous Sclerotherapy of a Lymphocele Using Acetic Acid After Renal Transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Adani, Gian Luigi Baccarani, Umberto; Bresadola, Vittorio; Lorenzin, Dario; Montanaro, Domenico; Risaliti, Andrea; Terrosu, Giovanni; Sponza, Massimo; Bresadola, Fabrizio

    2005-12-15

    Development of lymphoceles after renal transplantation is a well-described complication that occurs in up to 40% of recipients. The gold standard approach for the treatment of symptomatic cases is not well defined yet. Management options include simple aspiration, marsupialization by a laparotomy or laparoscopy, and percutaneous sclerotherapy using different chemical agents. Those approaches can be associated, and they depend on type, dimension, and localization of the lymphocele. Percutaneous sclerotherapy is considered to be less invasive than the surgical approach; it can be used safely and effectively, with low morbidity, in huge, rapidly accumulating lymphoceles. Moreover, this approach is highly successful, and the complication rate is acceptable; the major drawback is a recurrence rate close to 20%. We herewith report a renal transplant case in which the patient developed a symptomatic lymphocele that was initially treated by ultrasound-guided percutaneous sclerotherapy with ethanol and thereafter using acetic acid for early recurrence. A few hours after injection of acetic acid in the lymphatic cavity, the patient started to complain of acute pain localized to the renal graft and fever. An ultrasound of the abdomen revealed thrombosis of the renal vein and artery. The patient was immediately taken to the operating room, where the diagnosis of vascular thrombosis was confirmed and the graft was urgently explanted. In conclusion, we strongly suggest avoiding the use of acetic acid as a slerosating agent for the percutaneous treatment of post-renal transplant lymphocele because, based on our experience, it could be complicated by vascular thrombosis of the kidney, ending in graft loss.

  8. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy vs. extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy for treating a 20–30 mm single renal pelvic stone

    PubMed Central

    Hassan, Mohammed; El-Nahas, Ahmed R.; Sheir, Khaled Z.; El-Tabey, Nasr A.; El-Assmy, Ahmed M.; Elshal, Ahmed M.; Shokeir, Ahmed A.

    2015-01-01

    Objective To compare the efficacy, safety and cost of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) for treating a 20–30 mm single renal pelvic stone. Patients and methods The computerised records of patients who underwent PNL or ESWL for a 20–30 mm single renal pelvic stone between January 2006 and December 2012 were reviewed retrospectively. Patients aged <18 years who had a branched stone, advanced hydronephrosis, a solitary kidney, anatomical renal abnormality, or had a surgical intervention within the past 6 months were excluded. The study included 337 patients with a mean (SD, range) age of 49.3 (12.2, 20–81) years. The patients’ criteria (age, sex, body mass index) and the stone characteristics (side, stone length, surface area, attenuation value and skin-to-stone distance) were compared between the groups. The re-treatment rate, the need for secondary procedures, success rate, complications and the total costs were calculated and compared. Results In all, 167 patients were treated by ESWL and 170 by PNL. The re-treatment rate (75% vs. 5%), the need for secondary procedures (25% vs. 4.7%) and total number of procedures (three vs. one) were significantly higher in the ESWL group (P < 0.001). The success rate was significantly higher in the PNL group (95% vs. 75%, P < 0.001), as was the complication rate (13% vs. 6.6%, P = 0.050). The total costs of primary and secondary procedures were significantly higher for PNL (US$ 1120 vs. 490; P < 0.001). Conclusions PNL was more effective than ESWL for treating a single renal pelvic stone of 20–30 mm. However, ESWL was associated with fewer complications and a lower cost. PMID:26413350

  9. Multivessel transradial percutaneous coronary angioplasty in a single coronary artery originating from the right sinus of Valsalva

    PubMed Central

    Madhavan, Suresh; Kumary, V. Sudha; Akhil, P. C.; Cardoz, Joseph; George, Raju

    2015-01-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with an anomalous coronary artery is technically challenging. Selective cannulation and coaxial positioning in the anomalous artery and optimum stability during the procedure are pivotal for successful completion of the procedure. Selection of the appropriate guide catheter is of paramount importance in these situations. In patients with congenital coronary artery anomalies, increasing use of multidetector computed tomography for cardiac imaging may yield diagnostic information not obtained with coronary angiography. Axial, multiplanar, and three-dimensional volume-rendered reconstructions aid in detecting and interpreting such anomalies and in selecting appropriate hardware during percutaneous coronary intervention in these patients. We report a case of successful stent implantation in the right coronary artery and proximal circumflex coronary artery in a patient with a single coronary artery arising from the right sinus of Valsalva. PMID:26424956

  10. Orthopedic surgical analyzer for percutaneous vertebroplasty

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tack, Gye Rae; Choi, Hyung Guen; Lim, Do H.; Lee, Sung J.

    2001-05-01

    Since the spine is one of the most complex joint structures in the human body, its surgical treatment requires careful planning and high degree of precision to avoid any unwanted neurological compromises. In addition, comprehensive biomechanical analysis can be very helpful because the spine is subject to a variety of load. In case for the osteoporotic spine in which the structural integrity has been compromised, it brings out the double challenges for a surgeon both clinically and biomechanically. Thus, we have been developing an integrated medical image system that is capable of doing the both. This system is called orthopedic surgical analyzer and it combines the clinical results from image-guided examination and the biomechanical data from finite element analysis. In order to demonstrate its feasibility, this system was applied to percutaneous vertebroplasty. Percutaneous vertebroplasty is a surgical procedure that has been recently introduced for the treatment of compression fracture of the osteoporotic vertebrae. It involves puncturing vertebrae and filling with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). Recent studies have shown that the procedure could provide structural reinforcement for the osteoporotic vertebrae while being minimally invasive and safe with immediate pain relief. However, treatment failures due to excessive PMMA volume injection have been reported as one of complications. It is believed that control of PMMA volume is one of the most critical factors that can reduce the incidence of complications. Since the degree of the osteoporosis can influence the porosity of the cancellous bone in the vertebral body, the injection volume can be different from patient to patient. In this study, the optimal volume of PMMA injection for vertebroplasty was predicted based on the image analysis of a given patient. In addition, biomechanical effects due to the changes in PMMA volume and bone mineral density (BMD) level were investigated by constructing clinically relevant finite element models. In conclusion, we were able to demonstrate the feasibility of our orthopedic surgical analyzer in a case for percutaneous vertebroplasty.

  11. Iatrogenic Aorto-Cisterna Chyli Fistula During Percutaneous Balloon Aortoplasty in a Patient with Takayasu's Arteritis: A Case Report

    SciTech Connect

    Hwang, Hye Sun; Shin, Sung Wook Kim, Eun Hui; Do, Young Soo; Choo, Sung Wook; Cho, Sung Ki; Park, Kwang Bo

    2007-04-15

    We present a case of iatrogenic aorto-cisterna chyli fistula that developed during percutaneous transluminal aortoplasty in a 16-year old girl with Takayasu's arteritis. The aorto-cisterna chyli fistula was angiographically confirmed and treated using a stent-graft, which successfully occluded the fistula. Her claudication then improved, although follow-up CT angiography at 10 months revealed mild recurrent aortic stenosis.

  12. Outpatient tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy and concomitant cystolitholapaxy

    PubMed Central

    Lehmann, Kyle J.; Beiko, Darren

    2014-01-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a widely employed endourologic procedure to remove renal stones. Traditionally, PCNL has been performed on an inpatient basis, with patients routinely hospitalized postoperatively. Given the ongoing rising healthcare costs, a shift toward outpatient surgery is desirable. We report the case of a 21-year-old female who was safely discharged a few hours following uncomplicated tubeless PCNL and concomitant cystolitholapaxy for a stent with encrustation on its distal coil. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first published case of tubeless PCNL with concomitant cystolitholapaxy performed on an entirely outpatient basis. PMID:24678360

  13. Percutaneous Cryoablation and Vertebroplasty: A Case Report

    SciTech Connect

    Masala, Salvatore; Roselli, Mario; Manenti, Guglielmo; Mammucari, Matteo; Bartolucci, Dario Alberto Simonetti, Giovanni

    2008-05-15

    A 70-year-old man with a painful vertebral metastasis was treated with combined percutaneous cryoablation and vertebroplasty therapy (CVT) in one session. The patient was suffering from diffuse visceral metastasized cholangiocarcinoma. After several weeks of back pain, magnetic resonance imaging documented a single L2 bone metastasis. In consultation with the oncologists, palliative combined CVT was administered with the aim of obtaining pain relief and bone stabilization. In our experience this combined treatment is safe and effective for immediate pain relief in painful bone metastases when other standard palliative treatments have failed.

  14. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy and ureteroscopy in children: evolutions.

    PubMed

    Long, Christopher J; Srinivasan, Arun K

    2015-02-01

    The increasing incidence of pediatric stone disease has coincided with significant advances in technology and equipment, resulting in drastic improvements in management. Miniaturization of both ureteroscopes and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) equipment has facilitated access to the entirety of the urinary tract and has made ureteroscopy a first-line therapy option along with shock-wave lithotripsy for kidney and ureteral stones. Advances in PCNL have decreased patient morbidity while preserving stone clearance rates. In this review, the advances in operative approach for ureteroscopy and PCNL in children and its applicability to current surgical management of pediatric stone disease are discussed. PMID:25455168

  15. Percutaneous panvascular intervention in an unusual case of extensive atherosclerotic disease

    PubMed Central

    Vijayvergiya, Rajesh; Garg, Dheeraj; Sinha, Saroj K

    2012-01-01

    It is common to see patients with atherosclerotic coronary disease and peripheral arterial disease in routine clinical practice. One needs to have a comprehensive and integrated multi-speciality approach and panvascular revascularization in such patients. We report a 54-year-old diabetic hypertensive male with extensive atherosclerotic coronary and peripheral arterial disease, who presented with congestive heart failure, claudication of both lower limbs and mesenteric ischemia. He underwent successful percutaneous panvascular revascularization of coronary, renal, mesenteric, aorto-iliac and superficial femoral arteries. Long-term patency of all the stents was also documented. PMID:22379537

  16. Massive Pulmonary Embolism: Percutaneous Emergency Treatment Using an Aspirex Thrombectomy Catheter

    SciTech Connect

    Popovic, Peter; Bunc, Matjaz

    2010-10-15

    Massive pulmonary embolism (PE) is a life-threatening condition with a high early mortality rate caused by acute right ventricular failure and cardiogenic shock. A 51-year-old woman with a massive PE and contraindication for thrombolytic therapy was treated with percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy using an Aspirex 11F catheter (Straub Medical AG, Wangs, Switzerland). The procedure was successfully performed and showed a good immediate angiographic result. The patient made a full recovery from the acute episode and was discharged on heparin treatment. Our case report indicates that in patients with contraindications to systemic thrombolysis, catheter thrombectomy may constitute a life-saving intervention for massive PE.

  17. Percutaneous Ventricular Assist Devices and ECMO in the Management of Acute Decompensated Heart Failure

    PubMed Central

    Lawson, William E; Koo, Michael

    2015-01-01

    The successful treatment of acute decompensated heart failure continues to evolve with an increasing utilization of nondurable mechanical support devices. Indications for acute support have broadened to include their use as a bridge to recovery or decision (for durable ventricular assist devices [VADs] or heart transplant). Available devices have improved in terms of effectiveness, ease of insertion, and reduction in complications. The commonly used devices (intra-aortic balloon pump, TandemHeart, Impella, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation circuit), together with their mechanisms of action, are reviewed. Current considerations for support, specific to each device, are examined and future directions and indications for percutaneous VADs are explored. PMID:25983563

  18. Recanalization of an occluded intrahepatic portosystemic covered stent via the percutaneous transhepatic approach.

    PubMed

    Chan, Chih-Yang; Liang, Po-Chin

    2010-01-01

    A 41-year-old woman with liver cirrhosis had recurrent portal hypertension and bleeding from esophageal varices due to complete occlusion of a previously inserted transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt stent. Because recanalization of the stent by the transjugular approach was unsuccessful, ultrasound-guided entry to the splenic vein and portal vein was used. After catheter-directed intrathrombus thrombolysis, successful opening of the stent was achieved and a stent was placed. We herein report a rare case in which thrombolysis and recanalization of a TIPS stent were performed via a percutaneous transhepatic approach. PMID:20592931

  19. Experience with a combined percutaneous and endoscopic approach to stent insertion in malignant obstructive jaundice.

    PubMed

    Robertson, D A; Ayres, R; Hacking, C N; Shepherd, H; Birch, S; Wright, R

    1987-12-19

    A non-operative method of palliation in malignant obstructive jaundice was used in 14 patients in whom a biliary stent could not be placed endoscopically. A guide wire was manipulated through the obstructing lesion through the percutaneous transhepatic route and retrieved through an endoscope. The stent was then fed through the endoscope over the guide wire and across the biliary stricture. There were no early complications, and worth-while palliation was obtained in most cases. The success rate for placing an endoscopic stent increased in this unit from 69 to 97% with the introduction of this technique. PMID:2447457

  20. Percutaneous transsplenic embolization of esophageal and gastrio-fundal varices in 18 patients

    PubMed Central

    Gong, Gao-Quan; Wang, Xiao-Lin; Wang, Jian-Hua; Yan, Zhi-Ping; Cheng, Jie-Min; Qian, Sheng; Chen, Yi

    2001-01-01

    AIM: Clinical application and potential complication of percutaneous transsplenic varices embolization (PTSVE) of esophageal or gastrio-fundal varices in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) complicated with portal vein cancerous thrombosis (PVCT). METHODS: 18 patients with HCC complicated with PVCT and esophageal or gastrio-fundal varices who underwent PTSVE were collected. The rate of success, complication, mortality of the procedure and postoperative complication were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: PTSVE were successfully performed in 16 of 18 cases, and the rate of success was 89%. After therapy erythrocyte counts decreased in all of the natunts. 5 of patients needed blood transfusion, 2 patients requiredsurgical intervention because of and 11 patients with ascites were alleviated by diuresis. Among these 18 patients, the procedure-related mortality was 11% (2/18), one died of acute hepatic failure on the forth day after procedure, another died of acute renal failure on the fifth day. The patients were follow up for 1~12 mo except one. 13 of them died of their tumors but none of them experienced variceal bleeding. CONCLUSION: PTSVE is a relatively safe and effective method to treat esophageal or gastrio-fundal varices in HCC patients with PVCT when percutaneous transhepatic varices embolization (PTHVE) of varices is impossible. PMID:11854922

  1. Subcutaneous implantation of satellite transmitters with percutaneous antennae into male polar bears (Ursus maritimus)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Mulcahy, D.M.; Garner, G.

    1999-01-01

    Male polar bears (Ursus maritimus) have not been successfully instrumented with satellite transmitters because they readily shed collar-mounted transmitters. Seven male polar bears were captured on the pack ice off the northern coast of Alaska and surgically implanted with satellite transmitters with percutaneous antennae into the subcutaneous space of the dorsal cervical region. Transmitters failed prematurely with lifetimes of 30-161 days (x?? = 97 days). Efforts to relocate implanted bears after transmitters failed were not successful. The mean number of location solutions per transmitter was 204 (range 118-369). An average of 10% and 19% of the locations were accurate to <150 m and to 150-350 m, respectively. Our successful tracking of male polar bears, the high quality of locations obtained from transmitters with percutaneous antennae implanted in the subcutaneous space, and the low visibility of such units make further technical development worthwhile if the reason for premature failure of the transmitters can be determined. Copyright 1999 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians.

  2. Risk factors for hemorrhage requiring embolization after percutaneous nephrolithotomy

    PubMed Central

    Un, Sitki; Cakir, Volkan; Kara, Cengiz; Turk, Hakan; Kose, Osman; Balli, Omur; Yilmaz, Yuksel

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the primary surgical intervention in kidney stone management. Even though it is performed quite often, the complication rates are also high. Arteriovenous fistulas following extended hemorrhages after PCNL are one of the most serious complications of this operation. Our main objective was to review the data of patients who required angiography and embolization. Methods: In total, we included 1405 patients who underwent PCNL between 2007 and 2014. All patient data were retrospectively reviewed. All patients went under PCNL using fluoroscopy. Following informed consent, all hemorrhagic patients underwent angiography in the interventional radiology department and embolization was performed in patients with a hemorrhage focus point. Results: A total of 147 patients (10.4%) required transfusion for post-PCNL hemorrhages. Of them, 14 (0.99%) underwent angiography and embolization (9 [64.2%] were male and 5 [35.8%] were female, with a mean age of 39.4 ± 10.2). The remaining 133 patients were conservatively managed (81 [60.9%] males and 52 [39.1%] females, with a mean age of 42.3 ± 12.4). When the predicting factors for angiography and embolization were reviewed, renal abnormalities and the mean size of stones were significant in both univariate and multivariate analysis (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Patients with extended and intermittent hematuria should be monitored closely for hemodynamics; if there is an ongoing necessity for transfusion, angiography should be considered. PMID:26425220

  3. A Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Lab in Every Hospital?

    PubMed Central

    Concannon, Thomas W.; Nelson, Jason; Goetz, Jessica; Griffith, John L.

    2015-01-01

    Background In 2001, 1176 US hospitals were capable of performing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and 79% of the population lived within 60-minute ground transport of these hospitals. We compared these estimates with data from 2006 to explore how hospital PCI capability and population access have changed over time. Methods and Results We estimated the proportion of the population 18 years of age or older, living in 2006 within a 60-minute drive of a PCI-capable hospital, and we compared our estimate with a previously published report on 2001 data. Over the 5-year period, the number of PCI-capable hospitals grew from 1176 to 1695 hospitals, a relative increase of 44%; access to the procedure grew from 79.0% to 79.9% of the population, a relative increase of 1%. Conclusions Our data indicate a large increase in the number of hospitals capable of performing PCI from 2001 to 2006, but this increase was not associated with an appreciable change in the proportion of the population with access to the procedure. In the future, more attention is needed on changes in PCI capacity over time and on the effects of these changes on outcomes of interest such as service utilization, expenditures, patient outcomes, and population health. PMID:22147882

  4. Weaknesses in regional primary coronary angioplasty programs: is there still a role for a pharmaco-invasive approach?

    PubMed

    Danchin, Nicolas; Dos Santos Teixeira, Nelson; Puymirat, Etienne

    2014-08-01

    All guidelines recommend primary percutaneous coronary intervention as the default strategy for achieving reperfusion in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients. These recommendations are based upon randomized trials which compared primary percutaneous coronary intervention with stand-alone intravenous fibrinolysis. Since the time these trials were performed, however, it has been shown in further trials that use of rescue percutaneous coronary intervention in patients without signs of reperfusion after lysis, and routine coronary angiography within 24 h of the administration of lysis for all other patients, substantially improved the results of intravenous fibrinolytic treatment. This has led to proposing the pharmaco-invasive strategy as an alternative to primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Actually, it is not uncommon that circumstances prevent performing primary percutaneous coronary intervention within the recommended time limits set by the guidelines. In such cases, using a pharmaco-invasive strategy may constitute a valid alternative. Both the STREAM randomized trial and real-world experience, in particular the long-term results from the FAST-MI registry, suggest that the pharmaco-invasive strategy, when used in an appropriate population, compares favorably with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Therefore, implementing a pharmaco-invasive strategy protocol may be an important complement to compensate for potential weaknesses in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction networks. PMID:25037545

  5. Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy - early clinical experience.

    PubMed

    Hirano, Yoshitaka; Mizuno, Junichi; Takeda, Masaaki; Itoh, Yasunobu; Matsuoka, Hidenori; Watanabe, Kazuo

    2012-01-01

    We report our early clinical experience with percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) for herniated nucleus pulposus (HNP) in the lumbar spine. We introduced PELD to our clinical practice in June 2009. A total of 311 patients with degenerative lumbar spine disease were treated in our hospital up to August 2011. Thirty-seven patients with lumbar HNP were treated by PELD. PELD was carried out under local anesthesia, and the endoscope was continuously irrigated with saline. Twenty-eight patients were treated through the transforaminal approach, 5 were treated through the interlaminar approach, and 4 were treated through the extraforaminal approach. Surgery was discontinued due to uncontrollable intraoperative pain or anatomical inaccessibility in one case of the interlaminar approach and 2 cases of the extraforaminal approach. In the other 34 patients, the elapsed time of surgery was 34 to 103 minutes (mean 62.4 minutes). Extracorporeal blood loss was insignificant. Immediate symptom relief was achieved in all patients, and postoperative magnetic resonance imaging revealed sufficient removal of the HNP. The length of the postoperative hospital stay was 1 or 2 days in all patients. The surgical method of PELD is completely different from percutaneous nucleotomy, and the aim is to directly remove the HNP with minimum damage to the musculoskeletal structure. Although this study is based on our early clinical outcomes, PELD seemed to be a promising minimally invasive surgery for HNP in the lumbar spine. PMID:23006872

  6. Comparing Radiation Dose from Conventional Fluoroscopy to Intraoperative Cone Beam CT (O-arm) during Percutaneous Lesioning Procedures of the Gasserian Ganglion

    PubMed Central

    Patel, Vishal J; Lall, Rishi R; Branch, Daniel; Patel, Achal P; Allison, Randall Z; Paulson, David; Ortega-Barnett, Juan R

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: The use of intraoperative CT-guidance during the percutaneous treatment of trigeminal neuralgia has become increasingly popular due to the greater ease of foramen ovale cannulation and decreased procedure times. Concerns regarding radiation dose to the patient, however, remain unaddressed. We sought to compare the emitted radiation dose from fluoroscopy with intraoperative CT for these procedures. Methods: A retrospective review of percutaneous lesioning procedures for trigeminal neuralgia performed between 2010 until 2012 at our institution was conducted and radiation doses to the patient were recorded. We subsequently simulated four separate percutaneous trigeminal rhizotomies using the O-arm intraoperative CT (Medtronics, Minneapolis, MN, USA) to cannulate the foramen ovale bilaterally in two formalin-fixed cadaver heads. Results: Seventeen successful percutaneous treatments for trigeminal neuralgia were performed during the study period. Eleven procedures containing complete records were included in the final analysis. For procedures using fluoroscopy, the mean dosage was 15.2 mGys (range: 1.15 - 47.95, 95% CI 7.34 – 22.99). Radiation dosage from the O-arm imaging system was 16.55 mGy for all four cases. An unequal variance t-test did not reach statistical significance (p=0.42). Conclusions: We did not observe a significant difference in radiation dose delivered to subjects when comparing CT-guided foramen ovale cannulation relative to fluoroscopy for percutaneous lesioning of the Gasserian ganglion. Additional study is required under operational settings.

  7. Percutaneous bipolar radiofrequency microdebridement for recalcitrant proximal plantar fasciosis.

    PubMed

    Sorensen, Matthew D; Hyer, Christopher F; Philbin, Terrence M

    2011-01-01

    Success rates for traditional methods of surgical intervention for chronic plantar fasciosis are low, and associated with high rates of complications and long recovery times. The purpose of this prospective case series was to assess the effectiveness of percutaneous bipolar radiofrequency microfasciotomy for the treatment of recalcitrant proximal plantar fasciosis in 21 patients. The mean preoperative American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) hindfoot score was 22.10 ± 12.96 (out of a possible 68 points) and the mean postoperative AOFAS hindfoot score was 59.57 ± 13.23 points, and this difference was statistically significant (P < .0001). A total of 7 (33.33%) patients experienced satisfactory pain relief within 1 to 4 weeks and 10 (47.62%) did so within 1 to 4 months, whereas 2 (9.52%) patients required longer than 4 months, and 2 (9.52%) others never attained satisfactory relief of symptoms. Fourteen (66.67%) patients subjectively rated their outcome as excellent, 4 (19.05%) as good, 1 (4.76%) as fair, and 2 (9.52%) as poor. One (4.76%) patient experienced iatrogenic flexor hallucis longus tendonitis. The results of this clinical investigation indicate that bipolar radiofrequency microdebridement plantar fasciotomy safely alleviates recalcitrant heel pain. The technique is minimally invasive and simple to perform, and it spares the overall integrity of the plantar fascia without being associated with undue complications. PMID:21354000

  8. Perk Station – Percutaneous Surgery Training and Performance Measurement Platform

    PubMed Central

    Vikal, Siddharth; U-Thainual, Paweena; Carrino, John A.; Iordachita, Iulian; Fischer, Gregory S.; Fichtinger, Gabor

    2009-01-01

    Motivation Image-guided percutaneous (through the skin) needle-based surgery has become part of routine clinical practice in performing procedures such as biopsies, injections and therapeutic implants. A novice physician typically performs needle interventions under the supervision of a senior physician; a slow and inherently subjective training process that lacks objective, quantitative assessment of the surgical skill and performance[S1]. Shortening the learning curve and increasing procedural consistency are important factors in assuring high-quality medical care. Methods This paper describes a laboratory validation system, called Perk Station, for standardized training and performance measurement under different assistance techniques for needle-based surgical guidance systems. The initial goal of the Perk Station is to assess and compare different techniques: 2D image overlay, biplane laser guide, laser protractor and conventional freehand. The main focus of this manuscript is the planning and guidance software system developed on the 3D Slicer platform, a free, open source software package designed for visualization and analysis of medical image data. Results The prototype Perk Station has been successfully developed, the associated needle insertion phantoms were built, and the graphical user interface was fully implemented. The system was inaugurated in undergraduate teaching and a wide array of outreach activities. Initial results, experiences, ongoing activities and future plans are reported. PMID:19539446

  9. Percutaneous Mechanical Support in Cardiogenic Shock: A Review

    PubMed Central

    Gilani, Fahad Syed; Farooqui, Sarah; Doddamani, Rajiv; Gruberg, Luis

    2015-01-01

    Cardiogenic shock (CS) is a life-threatening condition associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Pharmacological therapy is often the first line of treatment but mechanical support can provide substantial hemodynamic improvement in refractory CS. Percutaneous mechanical support devices are placed in a minimally invasive manner and provide life-saving assistance to the failing myocardium. We review the percutaneous devices currently available, the evidence behind their use, and the new advances in percutaneous technology being evaluated for the treatment of CS. PMID:26052235

  10. Percutaneous Relief of Tension Pneumomediastinum in a Child

    SciTech Connect

    Chau, Helen Hoi-lun; Kwok, Philip Chong-hei; Lai, Albert Kwok-hung; Fan, Tsz Wo; Chan, Susan Chi-hum; Miu, Ting Yat; Chan, Grace Lai-har

    2003-11-15

    The purpose of this article was to describe the experience of relieving tension pneumomediastinum by a fluoroscopic-guided percutaneous method. We inserted a percutaneous drainage catheter with a Heimlich valve under fluoroscopic guidance to relieve the tension pneumomediastinum in a 2-year-old girl who suffered from dermatomyositis with lung involvement. This allowed immediate relief without the need for surgery. The procedure was repeated for relapsed tension pneumomediastinum. Good immediate results were achieved in each attempt. We conclude that percutaneous relief of pneumomediastinum under fluoroscopic guidance can be performed safely and rapidly in patients not fit for surgery.

  11. Devascularization of Head and Neck Paragangliomas by Direct Percutaneous Embolization

    SciTech Connect

    Ozyer, Umut Harman, Ali; Yildirim, Erkan; Aytekin, Cuneyt; Akay, Tankut Hakki; Boyvat, Fatih

    2010-10-15

    Preoperative transarterial embolization of head and neck paragangliomas using particulate agents has proven beneficial for decreasing intraoperative blood loss. However, the procedure is often incomplete owing to extensive vascular structure and arteriovenous shunts. We report our experience with embolization of these lesions by means of direct puncture and intratumoral injection of n-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) or Onyx. Ten patients aged 32-82 years who were referred for preoperative embolization of seven carotid body tumors and three jugular paragangliomas were retrospectively analyzed. Intratumoral injections were primarily performed in four cases with multiple small-caliber arterial feeders and adjunctive to transarterial embolization in six cases with incomplete devascularization. Punctures were performed under ultrasound and injections were performed under roadmap fluoroscopic guidance. Detailed angiographies were performed before and after embolization procedures. Control angiograms showed complete or near-complete devascularization in all tumors. Three tumors with multiple small-caliber arterial feeders were treated with primary NBCA injections. One tumor necessitated transarterial embolization after primary injection of Onyx. Six tumors showed regional vascularization from the vasa vasorum or small-caliber branches of the external carotid artery following the transarterial approach. These regions were embolized with NBCA injections. No technical or clinical complications related to embolization procedures occurred. All except one of the tumors were surgically removed following embolization. In conclusion, preoperative devascularization with percutaneous direct injection of NBCA or Onyx is feasible, safe, and effective in head and neck paragangliomas with multiple small-caliber arterial feeders and in cases of incomplete devascularization following transarterial embolization.

  12. Total percutaneous femoral vessels cannulation for minimally invasive mitral valve surgery

    PubMed Central

    Pozzi, Matteo; Henaine, Roland; Grinberg, Daniel; Robin, Jacques; Saroul, Christine; Delannoy, Bertrand; Desebbe, Olivier

    2013-01-01

    Background Minimally invasive mitral valve surgery (MIMVS) has experienced several technological changes in the last two decades. Our aim was to describe one of the most recent improvements, the utilization of a total percutaneous femoral vessels cannulation technique during MIMVS. Methods We performed a retrospective observational analysis of this technique among 300 consecutive MIMVS patients, with particular focus on cannulation aspects of MIMVS, its success rate and potential complications. Results From October 2008 to December 2012, 300 patients (60% males) were operated on. Mean age was 62.9±16.4 years. Indications for operation included mitral valve repair (93%) and mitral valve replacement (7%). Two femoral arterial catheterizations failed and required conversion to sternotomy. The complications on the arterial side were: 5 (1.6%) cases of bleeding during the introduction of Prostar leading to a preoperative surgical hemostasis; 2 (0.6%) retroperitoneal bleeds during cardiopulmonary bypass requiring difficult surgical control but with an uneventful follow-up; 6 (2%) bleeding episodes after removal of the arterial cannula easily controlled by direct surgical revision; 1 (0.3%) arterio-venous fistula requiring a surgical correction on postoperative day 32; 1 (0.3%) patient had a transitory claudication due to a superficial femoral artery thrombosis progressively compensated by the collateral circulation. There were no postoperative bleeding complications. There were no other complications linked to the femoral cannulations or to the groin occurred during the follow-up. The percentage of uneventful arterial cannulations was 80% among the first 50 patients (N=10 out of 50) and 98.8% thereafter (N=3 out of 250). Conclusions Total percutaneous femoral vessels cannulation technique is particularly suitable for MIMVS with a high success rate and few complications after a short learning curve. With the advent of the percutaneous approach, the traditional complications of the groin incision have completely disappeared in modern operations with no groin infection, hematoma or lymphocele. PMID:24349975

  13. Percutaneous Biopsy of Osteoid Osteomas Prior to Percutaneous Treatment Using Two Different Biopsy Needles

    SciTech Connect

    Laredo, Jean-Denis Hamze, Bassam; Jeribi, Riadh

    2009-09-15

    Biopsy is usually performed as the first step in percutaneous treatment of osteoid osteomas prior to laser photocoagulation. At our institution, 117 patients with a presumed diagnosis of osteoid osteoma had a trephine biopsy before a percutaneous laser photocoagulation. Biopsies were made using two different types of needles. A Bonopty biopsy needle (14-gauge cannula, 16-gauge trephine needle; Radi Medical Systems, Uppsala, Sweden) was used in 65 patients, and a Laurane biopsy needle (11-gauge cannula, 12.5-gauge trephine needle; Laurane Medical, Saint-Arnoult, France) in 43 patients. Overall biopsy results were positive for osteoid osteoma in 83 (70.9%) of the 117 cases. The Laurane needle provided a significantly higher positive rate (81.4%) than the Bonopty needle (66.1%; p < 0.05). This difference was not due to the size of the nidus, which was similar in the two groups (p < 0.05) and may be an effect of differences in needle caliber (12.5 vs. 14 gauge) as well as differences in needle design. The rate of positive biopsy results obtained in the present series with the Laurane biopsy needle is, to our knowledge, the highest rate reported in series dealing with percutaneous radiofrequency ablation and laser photocoagulation of osteoid osteomas.

  14. Routine Urine Culture at the Time of Percutaneous Urinary Drainage: Does Every Patient Need One?

    SciTech Connect

    Brody, L.A. Brown, K.T.; Covey, A.M.; Brown, A.E.; Getrajdman, G.I.

    2006-08-15

    Purpose. To determine the clinical variables associated with bacteriuria in patients undergoing primary percutaneous antegrade urinary drainage procedures in order to predict the utility of routinely obtaining urine cultures at the time of the procedure. Methods. Between October 1995 and March 1998 urine cultures were prospectively obtained in all patients undergoing a primary percutaneous antegrade urinary drainage procedure. One hundred and eighty-seven patients underwent 264 procedures. Results were available in 252 cases. Culture results were correlated with clinical, laboratory, and demographic variables. Anaerobic cultures were not uniformly performed. Results. Urine cultures were positive in 24 of 252 (9.5%) cases. An indwelling or recently removed ipsilateral device (catheter or stent) and a history of previous cystectomy with urinary diversion were significant predictors of a positive culture. Patients without either of these predictors, and without clinical or laboratory evidence of infection, were rarely found to have positive cultures. Conclusion. The likelihood of a positive urine culture can be predicted on the basis of the aforementioned clinical variables. In the absence of these clinical indicators routine urine cultures are neither useful nor cost-effective.

  15. Assessment of Effectiveness of Percutaneous Adhesiolysis in Managing Chronic Low Back Pain Secondary to Lumbar Central Spinal Canal Stenosis

    PubMed Central

    Manchikanti, Laxmaiah; Cash, Kimberly A.; McManus, Carla D.; Pampati, Vidyasagar

    2013-01-01

    Background: Chronic persistent low back and lower extremity pain secondary to central spinal stenosis is common and disabling. Lumbar surgical interventions with decompression or fusion are most commonly performed to manage severe spinal stenosis. However, epidural injections are also frequently performed in managing central spinal stenosis. After failure of epidural steroid injections, the next sequential step is percutaneous adhesiolysis and hypertonic saline neurolysis with a targeted delivery. The literature on the effectiveness of percutaneous adhesiolysis in managing central spinal stenosis after failure of epidural injections has not been widely studied. Study Design: A prospective evaluation. Setting: An interventional pain management practice, a specialty referral center, a private practice setting in the United States. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of percutaneous epidural adhesiolysis in patients with chronic low back and lower extremity pain with lumbar central spinal stenosis. Methods: Seventy patients were recruited. The initial phase of the study was randomized, double-blind with a comparison of percutaneous adhesiolysis with caudal epidural injections. The 25 patients from the adhesiolysis group continued with follow-up, along with 45 additional patients, leading to a total of 70 patients. All patients received percutaneous adhesiolysis and appropriate placement of the Racz catheter, followed by an injection of 5 mL of 2% preservative-free lidocaine with subsequent monitoring in the recovery room. In the recovery room, each patient also received 6 mL of 10% hypertonic sodium chloride solution, and 6 mg of non-particulate betamethasone, followed by an injection of 1 mL of sodium chloride solution and removal of the catheter. Outcomes Assessment: Multiple outcome measures were utilized including the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), the Oswestry Disability Index 2.0 (ODI), employment status, and opioid intake with assessment at 3, 6, and 12, 18 and 24 months post treatment. The primary outcome measure was 50% or more improvement in pain scores and ODI scores. Results: Overall, a primary outcome or significant pain relief and functional status improvement of 50% or more was seen in 71% of patients at the end of 2 years. The overall number of procedures over a period of 2 years were 5.7 ± 2.73. Limitations: The lack of a control group and a prospective design. Conclusions: Significant relief and functional status improvement as seen in 71% of the 70 patients with percutaneous adhesiolysis utilizing local anesthetic steroids and hypertonic sodium chloride solution may be an effective management strategy in patients with chronic function limiting low back and lower extremity pain with central spinal stenosis after failure of conservatie management and fluoroscopically directed epidural injections. PMID:23289005

  16. Instrument guide for MRI-guided percutaneous interventions

    E-print Network

    Chen, Xuefeng, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    As MRI guided interventions are becoming more widely practiced, the goal of this thesis was to design an instrument guidance device for MRI-guided percutaneous interventions in closed bore systems, namely cryoablation ...

  17. Fluoroscopically guided percutaneous radiological gastrostomy: technique, methodology and pitfalls.

    PubMed

    Pitman, A G; Lau, P H C; Lau, W F E; Beaty, C; McKenzie, A F

    2003-06-01

    Fluoroscopically guided percutaneous gastrostomy tube placement is an uncommon but well-established interventional procedure. We present our experience of this procedure in a series of 23 patients, concentrating on the methodology, technique and pitfalls. PMID:12780456

  18. Stomal Varices: Treatment by Percutaneous Transhepatic Coil Embolization

    SciTech Connect

    Kishimoto, Keiko; Hara, Akihiko; Arita, Takeshi; Tsukamoto, Katsuhiko; Matsui, Norichika; Kaneyuki, Toshihiro; Matsunaga, Naofumi

    1999-11-15

    Bleeding from stomal varices in a patient with portal hypertension, uncontrolled by surgical ligation and sclerotherapy, was well controlled by percutaneous transhepatic embolization with platinum and stainless-steel coils.

  19. Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty of Hepatic Artery Stenosis in Patients After Orthotopic Liver Transplantation: Mid-term Results

    SciTech Connect

    Jarmila, Lastovickova Jan, Peregrin

    2011-12-15

    Purpose: This study was designed to present our experience with percutaneous treatment of hepatic artery stenosis in orthotopic liver transplant patients and to evaluate the efficacy, technical outcomes, and mid-term clinical results of the procedure. Methods: Twenty-two percutaneous transluminal angioplasties (PTAs) were performed in 19 liver transplant recipients at our institution between 1998 and 2010. Stents were placed into the hepatic/celiac artery in 16 PTAs, but balloon dilatation alone was performed in 6 because of the anatomical condition of the vessel. PTA/stenting was indicated in 17 patients because of elevated liver enzymes; 2 patients were asymptomatic. The objective of treating stenosis was prevention of long-term complications, including thrombosis. Results: Technical success was achieved in all patients. There was only one complication: dissection of the treated artery without any subsequent adverse effects. In all patients, elevated liver enzyme levels improved after treatment. No restenosis was observed in any patient during a mean follow-up of 2.6 years (1 month to 5.5 years). Conclusions: Percutaneous angioplasty/stent placement is a safe method for the treatment of hepatic artery stenosis after orthotopic liver transplantation, with a high technical success rate and promising mid-term results.

  20. Magnetic electrical connectors for biomedical percutaneous implants

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Owens, L. J. (inventor)

    1977-01-01

    A biomedical percutaneous connector is described which includes a socket having an enlarged disk shaped base portion for being implanted below the patient's skin and cylindrical portion which is integral with the base portion and extends outwardly of the skin. A conical recess in an upper end of the cylindrical portion has a magnet located in the base. Inclined conductive strips are carried on an upper end of the cylindrical portion to which electrical conductors are attached and extend into the patient's body. A complementary shaped plug which also has electrical contacts provided thereon is adapted to fit within the conical recess of the socket. The plug is held in the socket by magnetic force.

  1. [Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in angina abdominis].

    PubMed

    Lupattelli, L; Barzi, F; Corneli, P; Lemmi, A; Mosca, S

    1987-01-01

    Personal experience in the use of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in the treatment of atherosclerotic lesions responsible for angina abdominis is reported. The series consists of two men and two women aged 62-74, three with isolated segmentary lesions of the coeliac tripod, two stenoses and an obstruction and the fourth with associated stenoses of the coeliac tripod and the superior mesenteric artery. No significant local or systemic complications arose and angiography revealed a satisfactory outcome in all 4 cases with total disappearance of symptoms even at follow up (minimum 12 months). Apart from the possible applications of PTA in the treatment of angina abdominis, the possibility of using it in the treatment of isolated oligo-symptomatic stenoses of the coeliac tripod is discussed. PMID:2956634

  2. Percutaneous Vertebroplasty in Painful Schmorl Nodes

    SciTech Connect

    Masala, Salvatore Pipitone, Vincenzo; Tomassini, Marco; Massari, Francesco; Romagnoli, Andrea; Simonetti, Giovanni

    2006-02-15

    The Schmorl node represents displacement of intervertebral disc tissue into the vertebral body. Both Schmorl nodes and degenerative disc disease are common in the human spine. We performed a retrospective study, for the period from January 2003 to February 2005, evaluating 23 patients affected by painful Schmorl nodes, who underwent in our department percutaneous transpedicular injection of polymethylmethacrylate (vertebroplasty) in order to solve their back pain not responsive to medical and physical management. Eighteen patients reported improvement of the back pain and no one reported a worsening of symptoms. Improvement was swift and persistent in reducing symptoms. Painful Schmorl nodes, refractory to medical or physical therapy, should be considered as a new indication within those vertebral lesions adequately treatable utilizing Vertebroplasty procedure.

  3. What’s new in percutaneous nephrolithotomy

    PubMed Central

    Ganpule, Arvind P.; Desai, Mahesh R.

    2012-01-01

    Introduction The goal of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is to ensure complete stone clearance with minimal morbidity. The key to complete clearance is accurate technique, expertise and instrumentation. Methods We systematically reviewed available reports that were identified using a PubMed/Medline search. The keywords used were ‘PCNL’ and ‘advances in PCNL’. The findings were reviewed under the topics of newer developments in imaging, techniques and a review of outcomes with an emphasis on stone clearance and complications. Conclusion The newer developments in imaging methods, such as cone-beam computed tomography and staghorn morphometry, help the surgeon to plan the procedure for a safe and better outcome. The highlight of these newer developments is the miniaturisation of instruments. This has translated into developing newer techniques such as the ‘microperc’ and ‘miniperc’. The data-collection initiative by the Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society has helped in obtaining a high level of evidence. PMID:26558043

  4. Percutaneous Forceps Retrieval of an Embolized Amplatzer Duct Occluder

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Yi-Sik

    2015-01-01

    Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus with the Amplatzer duct occluder shows excellent results. However, there is a risk of device embolization after deployment. We report the case of a 33-year-old man in whom an embolized Amplatzer device was retrieved from the right pulmonary artery by a percutaneous method. We also review this uncommon severe complication and offer technical tips for percutaneous removal. PMID:26306307

  5. Suture anchor and percutaneous intra-articular transtendon biceps tenodesis.

    PubMed

    Moros, Chris; Levine, William N; Ahmad, Christopher S

    2008-09-01

    Several arthroscopic biceps tenodesis techniques have been described for surgical management of tendonitis and/or partial thickness tears of the long head of the biceps brachii tendon resulting in recalcitrant anterior shoulder pain. This chapter describes an arthroscopic tenodesis using percutaneous intra-articular transtendon technique with suture anchor fixation. The percutaneous technique allows excellent access to the biceps tendon, and the addition of a suture anchor provides superior fixation to isolated soft tissue fixation. PMID:18703978

  6. Superior Mesenteric Artery Embolism Treated with Percutaneous Mechanical Thrombectomy

    SciTech Connect

    Popovic, Peter Kuhelj, Dimitrij; Bunc, Matjaz

    2011-02-15

    A case of acute superior mesenteric artery embolism treated with percutaneous thrombus aspiration is described. A 63-year-old man with chronic atrial fibrillation was admitted to the hospital with progressive abdominal pain. Computed tomography angiography revealed an occlusion of the distal part of the superior mesenteric artery. The patient was effectively treated using transaxillary percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy using a 6F Aspirex thrombectomy catheter.

  7. Use of percutaneous kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty in spinal surgery.

    PubMed

    Marlin, E; Nathoo, N; Mendel, E

    2012-06-01

    The use of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) was first described in 1987; however, since its conception its use has broadened. PVP involves the transpedicular injection of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) into the vertebral body for treatment of osteoporotic compression fractures. This paper reviews the history of PVP and percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP), the epidemiology of osteoporotic fractures, key articles regarding its usage, and novel areas of application. PMID:22617173

  8. Chest Wall Dissemination of Nocardiosis after Percutaneous Transthoracic Needle Biopsy

    SciTech Connect

    Shimamoto, Hiroshi Inaba, Yoshitaka; Yamaura, Hidekazu; Sato, Yozo; Kamiya, Mika; Miyazaki, Masaya; Arai, Yasuaki; Horio, Yoshitsugu

    2007-07-15

    We described a case of chest wall dissemination after percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy. A 65-year-old man had a lung nodule which was suspected to be lung carcinoma. He underwent percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy using an 18G semiautomated biopsy needle and pathologic diagnosis showed organizing pneumonia. Two months after the biopsy, chest wall dissemination occurred. Implantation of carcinoma along the biopsy route was suspected, but the mass was actually due to pulmonary nocardiosis.

  9. Endoscopic closure of persistent gastrocutaneous fistulae, after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement, using the over-the-scope-clip system

    PubMed Central

    Changela, Kinesh; Culliford, Andrea; Duddempudi, Sushil; Krishnaiah, Mahesh; Anand, Sury

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: The Over-The-Scope-Clip (OTSC) has had an evolving role in endoscopic closure of gastrointestinal wall defects, in hemostasis of primary or postinterventional bleeding, and approximation of postbariatric surgery defects. Rapid and effective closure of gastrocutaneous (GC) fistulae using this device has been recently described in the literature. The aim of this study was to evaluate the technical feasibility, efficacy and safety of OTSC as an effective tool in the management of persistent GC fistulae secondary to a complication of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement. Method: In this multicenter prospective observational study, we describe our experience with OTSC in the closure of persistent GC fistulas secondary to PEG tube placement. Patients with GC fistulas were sequentially enrolled with a mean age of 84 years. Primary treatment outcome was the immediate successful closure of GC fistula and resolution of leak. Secondary outcome was no recurrence of the fistula and leaks on follow up. Results: A total of 10 patients were enrolled over the study period. Mean age was 84.4 ± 8.75 years. The primary treatment outcome was achieved in all the patients undergoing this intervention. Secondary outcome was observed in 9/10 (90%) subjects. No procedural complications were reported. Larger fistulae (>2.5 cm) and those with significant fibrosis were more difficult to close with the OTSC system. The mean follow-up time after OTSC application was 43.7 ± 20.57 days. A limitation of this study was that there was no control group. Conclusions: OTSC application is a safe and effective endoscopic approach for the closure of persistent GC fistulae secondary to a complication of PEG tube placement. PMID:26136836

  10. Percutaneous In Utero Thoracoamniotic Shunt Creation for Fetal Thoracic Abnormalities Leading to Non-Immune Hydrops

    PubMed Central

    White, Sarah B.; Tutton, Sean M.; Rilling, William S.; Kuhlmann, Randall S.; Peterson, Erika L.; Wigton, Thomas R.; Ames, Mary B.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose In a fetus, rare, fetal thoracic abnormalities can cause mediastinal shift and vena cava obstruction resulting in fetal hydrops and intra-uterine fetal demise. This series describes a trans-abdominal, trans-uterine Seldinger based percutaneous approach to create a shunt for treatment of these fetal abnormalities. Material and Methods Five fetuses presented with non-immune fetal hydrops due to fetal thoracic abnormalities causing severe mass effect. Under direct ultrasound guidance, an 18 G needle was used to access the malformation. Through a peel away sheath, a customized pediatric transplant 4.5 French double J ureteral stent was advanced; the leading loop was placed in the fetal thorax and the trailing end left outside the fetal thorax within the amniotic cavity. Results Seven thoracoamniotic shunts were successfully placed in 5 fetuses, with one shunt immediately replaced due to displacement during the procedure and the second not functioning at follow-up requiring insertion of a second shunt. All fetuses had successful decompression of the thoracic malformation, allowing lung re-expansion and resolution of hydrops. Three of 5 mothers had meaningful (> 7 days) prolongation of their pregnancies. All pregnancies were maintained to > 30 weeks, with a range of 30 weeks 1 day to 37 weeks 2 days. There were no maternal complications. Conclusions Seldinger based percutaneous approach to draining fetal thoracic abnormalities is feasible and can allow for prolongation of pregnancy, antenatal lung development and ultimately result in fetal survival. PMID:24702750

  11. Modified PAIR Technique for Percutaneous Treatment of High-Risk Hydatid Cysts

    SciTech Connect

    Gabal, Abdelwahab M. Khawaja, Fazal I.; Mohammad, Ghanem A.

    2005-04-15

    Purpose. This paper presents a modification of the known method for percutaneous treatment of hydatid cyst, the PAIR technique. It aimed to achieve safe aspiration of large symptomatic cysts and cysts with a danger of impending rupture. Methods. We designed a coaxial catheter system to achieve concomitant evacuation of cyst contents while infusing scolicidal agent. Hypertonic saline is used to wash out cyst contents and to kill protoscolices. This was followed by injection of a sclerosant (ethyl alcohol 95%) into the residual cyst cavity to prevent formation of a cyst collection after the procedure. Seventeen cysts in 14 patients were successfully aspirated. Follow-up plain radiographs, ultrasonography and CT were performed weekly in the first 4 weeks and then at 3, 6 and 12 months for all patients. Seven patients (9 drained cysts) were followed up for 2 years and 1 patient for 3 years. Results. All cysts were successfully aspirated. The following morphologic changes were noticed: a gradual decrease in cyst size (17 cysts, 100%), thickening and irregularity of the cyst wall due to separation of endocyst from pericyst (7 cysts, 41%), development of a heterogeneous appearance of the cyst components (8 cysts, 47%) and development of pseudotumor (2 cysts, 12%). None of the treated cysts disappeared completely. No significant procedure-related complications were encountered. Conclusion. This modified PAIR technique is a reliable method for percutaneous treatment of risky and symptomatic hydatid cysts.

  12. Palliative percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy placement for gastrointestinal cancer: Roles, goals, and complications

    PubMed Central

    Mobily, Matthew; Patel, Jitesh A

    2015-01-01

    Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube placement is an invaluable tool in clinical practice that has an important role in the palliative care of patients with gastrointestinal cancer. While there is no extensive data regarding the use of this procedure in patients with gastrointestinal malignancy, inferences can be made from the available information derived from studies of similar or mixed populations. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes can be used to provide enteral nutrition for terminal malignancies of the upper gastrointestinal tract as well as for decompression of malignant obstructions. The rates of successful placement for cancer patients with either of these indications are high, similar to those in mixed populations. There is no conclusive evidence that the procedure will help patients reach nutritional goals for those needing alimental supplementation. However, it is effective at relieving symptoms caused by malignant obstruction. A high American Society of Anesthesiologist physical status score and an advanced tumor stage have been shown to be independent predictors of poor outcomes following placement in cancer patients. This suggests the potential for similar outcomes in the palliative care of patients with advanced stage gastrointestinal cancer who may be in relatively poor physiologic condition. However, this potential should not preclude its use in patients with terminal gastrointestinal cancer considering the high rate of successful tube placement, the possible benefits and the ultimate goal of comfort in palliative care. PMID:25901215

  13. Bioresorbable scaffolds for percutaneous coronary interventions

    PubMed Central

    Gogas, Bill D.

    2014-01-01

    Innovations in drug-eluting stents (DES) have substantially reduced rates of in-segment restenosis and early stent thrombosis, improving clinical outcomes following percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). However a fixed metallic implant in a vessel wall with restored patency and residual disease remains a precipitating factor for sustained local inflammation, in-stent neo-atherosclerosis and impaired vasomotor function increasing the risk for late complications attributed to late or very late stent thrombosis and late target lesion revascularization (TLR) (late catch-up). The quest for optimal coronary stenting continues by further innovations in stent design and by using biocompatible materials other than cobalt chromium, platinum chromium or stainless steel for engineering coronary implants. Bioresorbable scaffolds made of biodegradable polymers or biocorrodible metals with properties of transient vessel scaffolding, local drug-elution and future restoration of vessel anatomy, physiology and local hemodynamics have been recently developed. These devices have been utilized in selected clinical applications so far providing preliminary evidence of safety showing comparable performance with current generation drug-eluting stents (DES). Herein we provide a comprehensive overview of the current status of these technologies, we elaborate on the potential benefits of transient coronary scaffolds over permanent stents in the context of vascular reparation therapy, and we further focus on the evolving challenges these devices have to overcome to compete with current generation DES. Condensed Abstract:: The quest for optimizing percutaneous coronary interventions continues by iterative innovations in device materials beyond cobalt chromium, platinum chromium or stainless steel for engineering coronary implants. Bioresorbable scaffolds made of biodegradable polymers or biocorrodible metals with properties of transient vessel scaffolding; local drug-elution and future restoration of vessel anatomy, physiology and local hemodynamics were recently developed. These devices have been utilized in selected clinical applications providing preliminary evidence of safety showing comparable intermediate term clinical outcomes with current generation drug-eluting stents. PMID:25780795

  14. Percutaneous Selective Embolectomy using a Fogarty Thru-Lumen Catheter for Pancreas Graft Thrombosis: A Case Report

    SciTech Connect

    Izaki, Kenta Yamaguchi, Masato; Matsumoto, Ippei; Shinzeki, Makoto; Ku, Yonson; Sugimura, Kazuro; Sugimoto, Koji

    2011-06-15

    A 57-year-old woman with a history of diabetes mellitus underwent simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation. The pancreaticoduodenal graft was implanted in the right iliac fossa. The donor's portal vein was anastomosed to the recipient's inferior vena cava (IVC). Seven days after the surgery, a thrombus was detected in the graft veins. Percutaneous thrombolysis was immediately performed; however, venous congestion was still present. We therefore attempted selective embolectomy using a Fogarty Thru-Lumen Catheter. Thrombi were directed from the graft veins toward the IVC and captured in the IVC filter with complete elimination of the thrombus without any major complications. We present our technique for the successful treatment of pancreas graft thrombosis within a short time period by percutaneous selective embolectomy using a Fogarty Thru-Lumen Catheter.

  15. [Percutaneous alcohol injection in hyperparathyroidism. Experience in 11 cases with an 18-month follow-up].

    PubMed

    Lemmi, A; Baroni, M; Malaspina, C; Rizzo, F; Biscarini, G; Filipponi, P; Gubbiotti, G

    1994-12-01

    The authors report the results of US-guided percutaneous ethanol injection into parathyroid glands of 11 patients with primary (2) and secondary (9) hyperparathyroidism. Selection criteria for choosing ethanol treatment were the patient's refuse of surgery and high surgical risks for age or severe chronic intercurrent conditions. At 18 months' follow-up, PTH serum levels had normalized in 2 primary and 2 secondary hyperparathyroidism patients; in all the others but one, PTH levels markedly decreased--always > 50% relative to pretreatment values. Serum calcium and phosphorus levels also decreased, which was not always the case with alkaline phosphatase. After injection, the glands became progressively hyperechoic, gland volume decreased and calcifications appeared. Parenchymal flow disappeared on color-Doppler US images. This study confirms the capabilities of US-guided ethanol injection in hyperfunctioning parathyroids, even though complications may occur and the condition recur. This method is thus suggested as an effective alternative to surgery. PMID:7878245

  16. Modulation of Muscle Tone and Sympathovagal Balance in Cervical Dystonia Using Percutaneous Stimulation of the Auricular Vagus Nerve.

    PubMed

    Kampusch, Stefan; Kaniusas, Eugenijus; Széles, Jozsef C

    2015-10-01

    Primary cervical dystonia is characterized by abnormal, involuntary, and sustained contractions of cervical muscles. Current ways of treatment focus on alleviating symptomatic muscle activity. Besides pharmacological treatment, in severe cases patients may receive neuromodulative intervention such as deep brain stimulation. However, these (highly invasive) methods have some major drawbacks. For the first time, percutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (pVNS) was applied in a single case of primary cervical dystonia. Auricular vagus nerve stimulation was already shown to modulate the (autonomous) sympathovagal balance of the body and proved to be an effective treatment in acute and chronic pain, epilepsy, as well as major depression. pVNS effects on cervical dystonia may be hypothesized to rely upon: (i) the alteration of sensory input to the brain, which affects structures involved in the genesis of motoric and nonmotoric dystonic symptoms; and (ii) the alteration of the sympathovagal balance with a sustained impact on involuntary movement control, pain, quality of sleep, and general well-being. The presented data provide experimental evidence that pVNS may be a new alternative and minimally invasive treatment in primary cervical dystonia. One female patient (age 50 years) suffering from therapy refractory cervical dystonia was treated with pVNS over 20 months. Significant improvement in muscle pain, dystonic symptoms, and autonomic regulation as well as a subjective improvement in motility, sleep, and mood were achieved. A subjective improvement in pain recorded by visual analog scale ratings (0-10) was observed from 5.42 to 3.92 (medians). Muscle tone of the mainly affected left and right trapezius muscle in supine position was favorably reduced by about 96%. Significant reduction of muscle tone was also achieved in sitting and standing positions of the patient. Habituation to stimulation leading to reduced stimulation efficiency was observed and counteracted by varying stimulation patterns. Experimental evidence is provided for significantly varied sympathovagal modulation in response to pVNS during sleep, assessed via heart rate variability (HRV). Time domain measures like the root mean square of successive normal to normal heart beat intervals, representing parasympathetic (vagal) activity, increased from 37.8 to 67.6 ms (medians). Spectral domain measures of HRV also show a shift to a more pronounced parasympathetic activity. PMID:26450637

  17. Capitol Success.

    PubMed

    Sorrel, Amy Lynn

    2015-08-01

    This legislative session, medicine resolved to ensure physicians can give their patients the best care possible. The hard work paid off in significant victories that largely build on the Texas Medical Association's 2013 legislative successes. PMID:26263520

  18. Percutaneous Endoluminal Stent and Stent-Graft Placement for the Treatment of Femoropopliteal Aneurysms: Early Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Mueller-Huelsbeck, Stefan; Link, Johann; Schwarzenberg, Helmut; Walluscheck, Knut P.; Heller, Martin

    1999-03-15

    Purpose: To determine the efficacy of percutaneous endoluminal stents and stent-grafts for the treatment of isolated femoropopliteal aneurysms. Methods: Seven men (age 51-69 years) with femoropopliteal occlusions (n= 6) related to aneurysms and a patent femoropopliteal aneurysm (n= 1) were treated percutaneously. In two patients uncovered Wallstents and in five patients polyester-covered nitinol stents were implanted. Assessment was performed with Doppler ultrasound and duplex ultrasonography 24 hr, 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after the intervention. Additionally, intraarterial angiography was performed at 6 months. Results: Stent placement succeeded in all cases. No immediate adjunctive surgical treatment was necessary. Ankle-brachial index (ABI) improved from 0.29 {+-} 0.29 (SD) before to 0.78 {+-} 0.23 (SD) 24 hr after the intervention. One patient was lost to follow-up. Stent-graft occlusion occurred in four patients: after 2 days (n1), 1 month (n= 2), and 3 months (n= 1). One of the patients, whose stent occluded at 1 month, underwent successful recanalization with local fibrinolysis therapy. Three of the seven, all with three-vessel run-off, demonstrated patency of the stent, which was assessed by duplex ultrasonography at 29, 31, and 34 months. Breaking of the stent struts or significant stent migration was not observed. Conclusions: These results in a small number of patients warrant further investigation to evaluate the role of percutaneous stents in femoropopliteal aneurysms. Until further data of clinical studies are available, this method cannot be recommended, and it cannot replace surgical treatment.

  19. Validation of percutaneous puncture trajectory during renal access using 4D ultrasound reconstruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodrigues, Pedro L.; Rodrigues, Nuno F.; Fonseca, Jaime C.; Vilaça, João. L.

    2015-03-01

    An accurate percutaneous puncture is essential for disintegration and removal of renal stones. Although this procedure has proven to be safe, some organs surrounding the renal target might be accidentally perforated. This work describes a new intraoperative framework where tracked surgical tools are superimposed within 4D ultrasound imaging for security assessment of the percutaneous puncture trajectory (PPT). A PPT is first generated from the skin puncture site towards an anatomical target, using the information retrieved by electromagnetic motion tracking sensors coupled to surgical tools. Then, 2D ultrasound images acquired with a tracked probe are used to reconstruct a 4D ultrasound around the PPT under GPU processing. Volume hole-filling was performed in different processing time intervals by a tri-linear interpolation method. At spaced time intervals, the volume of the anatomical structures was segmented to ascertain if any vital structure is in between PPT and might compromise the surgical success. To enhance the volume visualization of the reconstructed structures, different render transfer functions were used. Results: Real-time US volume reconstruction and rendering with more than 25 frames/s was only possible when rendering only three orthogonal slice views. When using the whole reconstructed volume one achieved 8-15 frames/s. 3 frames/s were reached when one introduce the segmentation and detection if some structure intersected the PPT. The proposed framework creates a virtual and intuitive platform that can be used to identify and validate a PPT to safely and accurately perform the puncture in percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

  20. Management of Postoperative Lymphoceles After Lymphadenectomy: Percutaneous Catheter Drainage With and Without Povidone-Iodine Sclerotherapy

    SciTech Connect

    Alago, William Deodhar, Ajita; Michell, Hans; Sofocleous, Constantinos T.; Covey, Anne M.; Solomon, Stephen B.; Getrajdman, George I.; Dalbagni, Guido; Brown, Karen T.

    2013-04-15

    To report our single-center experience in managing symptomatic lymphoceles after lymphadenectomy for genitourinary and gynecologic malignancy and to compare clinical outcomes of percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) alone versus PCD with transcatheter povidone-iodine sclerotherapy (TPIS). The medical records of patients who presented for percutaneous drainage of pelvic lymphoceles from February 1999 to September 2007 were retrospectively reviewed. Catheters with prolonged outputs >50 cc/day were treated with TPIS. Technical success was defined as the ability to achieve complete resolution of the lymphocele. Clinical success was defined as resolution of the patient's symptoms that prompted the intervention. Sixty-four patients with 70 pelvic lymphoceles were treated. Forty-six patients (71.9 %) had PCD, and 18 patients (28.1 %) had multisession TPIS. The mean initial cavity size was 294.9 cc for those treated with TPIS and 228.2 cc for those treated with PCD alone (range 15-1,600) (p = 0.59). Mean duration of catheter drainage was 19 days (29 days with TPIS, 16 days with PCD, p = 0.001). Mean clinical follow-up was 22.6 months. Technical success was 74.3 % with PCD and 100 % with TPIS. Clinical success was 97 % with PCD and 100 % with TPIS. Postprocedural complications included pericatheter fluid leakage (n = 4), catheter dislodgement (n = 3), catheter occlusion (n = 9), and secondary infection of the collection (n = 4). PCD of symptomatic lymphoceles is an effective postoperative management technique. Initial cavity size is not an accurate predictor of the need for TPIS. When indicated, TPIS is safe and effective with catheter outputs >50 cc/day.

  1. Percutaneous Aspiration Thrombectomy for Arterial Thromboembolism during Infrainguinal Endovascular Recanalization

    PubMed Central

    Wei, Li-Ming; Zhu, Yue-Qi; Liu, Fang; Zhang, Pei-Lei; Li, Xiao-Cong; Zhao, Jun-Gong; Lu, Hai-Tao

    2015-01-01

    Objectives To evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous aspiration thrombectomy (PAT) for infrainguinal arterial thromboembolism in patients undergoing endovascular recanalization (EVR) and to investigate the predictors for thromboembolic complications. Materials and Methods In total, 23 patients (23 limbs) who underwent PAT for thromboembolism (PAT group, PG) during EVR and 237 patients (302 limbs) who underwent successful EVR without thromboembolic complications (control group, CG) were enrolled. Immediate post-operation and follow-up outcomes were compared between the two groups. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify the predictors of thromboembolic complications. Technical success of PAT was defined as achievement of <30% residual stenosis and restoration of mTIMI grade 3. Results The technical success rate was 95.7% in PG. After intervention, the ankle–brachial index (ABI), restoration of blood flow and improvement in dorsal/plantar arterial pulse score showed no significant differences between PG and CG. During follow-up in PG, a sustained ABI improvement was observed in 63.6% (70.9% in CG), an improvement in walking distance in 68.8% (79.9% in CG,), ulcer healing in 75.0% (71.7% in CG) and restenosis/occlusion in 31.8% (25.2% in CG). The limb salvage rate was 100% in PG (96.0% in CG), and pain relief was observed in 66.7% patients with critical limb ischaemia (81.6% in CG). Superficial femoral artery involvement [0.233; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.108–0.461; P < 0.001], de-novo lesion occlusion (683.8; 95% CI, 36.5–12804.6; P < 0.001) and intraluminal angioplasty (118.4; 95% CI, 8.0–1758.0; P = 0.001) was associated with high incidence of thromboembolism. Conclusion PAT is a safe and effective treatment for thromboembolism during infrainguinal arterial EVR. SFA involvement, de-novo lesion occlusion and intraluminal angioplasty may be predictors of thromboembolic complications. PMID:26484672

  2. Modular training for percutaneous nephrolithotripsy: The safe way to go

    PubMed Central

    Kallidonis, Panagiotis; Kyriazis, Iason; Vasilas, Marinos; Panagopoulos, Vasilis; Georgiopoulos, Ioannis; Ozsoy, Mehmet; Stolzenburg, Jens-Uwe; Seitz, Christian; Liatsikos, Evangelos

    2015-01-01

    Objectives should be describe a modular training scheme (MTS) which aims to provide training in percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) and ensure the safety of the patients. Subjects and methods Two trainees with no experience in PCNL attended the MTS under the supervision of an experienced mentor. The MTS included five modules, comprising an initial animal laboratory course (using pigs), to acquire basic skills (Module 1), and Modules 2–5 included making the puncture, tract dilatation, single-stone and large-stone management in clinical cases, respectively. Each participant progressed from one module to the next under constant mentoring and evaluation by the mentor. When the trainees completed the MTS they proceeded to perform 60 PCNL procedures independently while the mentor performed 25 for comparison purposes. A global rating scale was used for the objective evaluation of the trainees. Peri-operative variables were recorded and statistically compared as appropriate. Statistical significance was defined as P < 0.05. Results One pig and 16 patients, and two pigs and 22 patients, were necessary to complete the MTS by each subject. There were no significant differences among the characteristics of the independently performed operations. The duration of surgery and fluoroscopy achieved a plateau similar to those of the mentor after ? 30 patients. The decrease in haemoglobin level, stone-free and complication rates in the patients were similar among the two trainees and the mentor. The complication rate of the trainees and the mentor never exceeded 13.3%. Conclusion The MTS successfully combined animal and stepwise clinical training based on a standardised technique and objective evaluation. PMID:26609446

  3. Percutaneous Stabilization of Impending Pathological Fracture of the Proximal Femur

    SciTech Connect

    Deschamps, Frederic Farouil, Geoffroy Hakime, Antoine Teriitehau, Christophe Barah, Ali Baere, Thierry de

    2012-12-15

    Objective: Percutaneous osteosynthesis plus cementoplasty (POPC) is a minimally invasive technique that has never been reported before and that we have prospectively evaluated for patients with impending pathological fracture of the proximal femur. Methods: We performed POPC in 12 patients (3 males, 9 females) with metastasis of the proximal femur with a high risk of fracture (Mirels' score {>=}8) between February 2010 and July 2011. Patients were not candidates for standard surgical stabilization. We analyzed the feasibility, duration, and complication of the procedure, the risk of fracture, the decrease in pain (Visual Analog Scale, VAS), and length of stay in hospital. Data were prospectively collected in all patients. Results: The mean Mirels' score was 9.8 {+-} 1.2 (range, 8-11). The technical success was 100%. POPC was performed under general anesthesia (n = 6) or conscious sedation (n = 6). The mean duration was 110 {+-} 43 (range, 60-180) minutes. All patients stood up and walked the second day after the procedure. The average length of stay in the hospital was 4 {+-} 1.6 (range, 2-7) days. We experienced two hematomas in two patients and no thromboembolic complication. For symptomatic patients (n = 8), VAS decreased from 6.5/10 (range, 2-9) before treatment to 1/10 (range, 0-3) 1 month after. No fracture occurred after a median follow-up of 145 (range, 12-608) days. Conclusions: POPC for impending pathological fracture of the proximal femur seems to be a promising alternative for cancer patients who are not candidates for surgical stabilization. Further studies are required to confirm this preliminary experience.

  4. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy for Management of Residual Stones after Ureterolithotripsy versus Mini-Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: A Retrospective Study

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Zhichao; Zhao, Xiaokun; Zhang, Lei; Zhong, Zhaohui; Xu, Ran; Zhang, Lianping

    2013-01-01

    Purpose To compare the efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in managing residual stones after ureterolithotripsy and mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Materials and Methods A retrospective study was carried out of 71 patients with proximal urinary tract stones (greater than 10 mm) who underwent ureterolithotripsy or mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy at a single institution from 2009 to 2011. The 71 patients were divided into two groups: group I (n = 37) comprised patients who underwent ureterolithotripsy, and group II (n = 34) comprised patients who underwent mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Clinical characteristics, stone-free rates, stone demographics, and complications were evaluated. Results The overall stone-free rate was 90.1%. The stone-free rates in groups I and II were 97.3% and 82.4%, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in the stone-free rates between groups I and II (P = 0.035). Neither serious intraoperative nor postoperative complications were observed. No significant difference in complications was observed between the two groups (P = 0.472). Conclusions The results of our study suggest that extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy is an effective and safe auxiliary procedure for managing residual stones after primary endoscopic surgery. This procedure is associated with a satisfactory stone-free rate and a low complication rate, particularly for residual stones after ureteroscopic procedures. PMID:23785516

  5. Development of an Experimental Animal Model for Lower Back Pain by Percutaneous Injury-Induced Lumbar Facet Joint Osteoarthritis.

    PubMed

    Kim, Jae-Sung; Ahmadinia, Kasra; Li, Xin; Hamilton, John L; Andrews, Steven; Haralampus, Chris A; Xiao, Guozhi; Sohn, Hong-Moon; You, Jae-Won; Seo, Yo-Seob; Stein, Gary S; Van Wijnen, Andre J; Kim, Su-Gwan; Im, Hee-Jeong

    2015-11-01

    We report generation and characterization of pain-related behavior in a minimally invasive facet joint degeneration (FJD) animal model in rats. FJD was produced by a non-open percutaneous puncture-induced injury on the right lumbar FJs at three consecutive levels. Pressure hyperalgesia in the lower back was assessed by measuring the vocalization response to pressure from a force transducer. After hyperalgesia was established, pathological changes in lumbar FJs and alterations of intervertebral foramen size were assessed by histological and imaging analyses. To investigate treatment options for lumber FJ osteoarthritis-induced pain, animals with established hyperalgesia were administered with analgesic drugs, such as morphine, a selective COX-2 inhibitor, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) (ketorolac), or pregabalin. Effects were assessed by behavioral pain responses. One week after percutaneous puncture-induced injury of the lumbar FJs, ipsilateral primary pressure hyperalgesia developed and was maintained for at least 12 weeks without foraminal stenosis. Animals showed decreased spontaneous activity, but no secondary hyperalgesia in the hind paws. Histopathological and microfocus X-ray computed tomography analyses demonstrated that the percutaneous puncture injury resulted in osteoarthritis-like structural changes in the FJs cartilage and subchondral bone. Pressure hyperalgesia was completely reversed by morphine. The administration of celecoxib produced moderate pain reduction with no statistical significance while the administration of ketorolac and pregabalin produced no analgesic effect on FJ osteoarthritis-induced back pain. Our animal model of non-open percutanous puncture-induced injury of the lumbar FJs in rats shows similar characteristics of low back pain produced by human facet arthropathy. PMID:25858171

  6. Comparison between surgical and standing percutaneous contact Nd:YAG laser periosteal transection for potential treatment of equine limb deformities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tate, Lloyd P.; Baines, Steven J.; Meuten, Donald J.; Stefanacci, J.

    1994-09-01

    Medial and lateral aspects of both radiuses were subjected to periosteal transection of nine healthy equine foals. One site per foal was subjected to surgical periosteal transection and elevation under general anesthesia. The remaining three sites of each foal after injection of a local anesthetic received Nd:YAG contact percutaneous periosteal transection. All radiuses were evaluated radiographically prior to periosteal transection and immediately prior to euthanasia. Foals were euthanized at 3 days, 31 to 34 days, and 67 days post-periosteal transection and gross postmortem and histologic examination performed on each site. Radiographically, periosteal proliferation occurred at all the conventional surgery sites and a majority of the percutaneous laser sites by 30 days post-treatment and was present at 67 days. No limb angulations were noted to occur in any of the foals. The conclusion of the study was that Nd:YAG percutaneous laser periosteal transection was successful in producing periosteal obliteration but with a different histologic appearance than that produced by conventional surgery.

  7. Percutaneous Vascular Closure System Based on an Extravascular, Bioabsorbable Polyglycolic Plug (ExoSeal): Results from 1000 Patients

    PubMed Central

    Kamusella, P; Wissgott, C; Jahnke, T; Brossmann, J; Scheer, F; Lüdtke, CW; Andresen, R

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE The objective of this prospective study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a percutaneous closure system based on a polyglycolic acid plug for achieving hemostasis. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this study from 2011 to 2014, a percutaneous vascular closure system (ExoSeal) was used in 1000 patients (mean age 70.6 ± 10.2 years), using antegrade and retrograde techniques within the context of an angiographic intervention. The system was used in conjunction with transfemoral approaches with a sheath size of 6F. Post the intervention (on the following day and after 6 weeks), follow-up was conducted clinically and using color-coded duplex ultrasound. RESULTS Immediate hemostasis was achieved in 939/1000 patients (93.9%). In the remaining 61 cases, a correct positioning of the polyglycolic acid plug was not possible because of malfunctioning of the device, massive vascular wall calcifications, postoperative scar tissue, or too steep a puncture angle. In these cases, manual compression was successful. There was one retroperitoneal bleeding requiring transfusion. Minor complications were observed (7.4% in total) with 10 pseudoaneurysm (1%), 63 inguinal hematomas (up to 3 cm; 6.3%), and 1 stenosis (0.1%). CONCLUSION Safe and effective hemostasis is possible with the percutaneous ExoSeal closure system at puncture sizes of 6F. PMID:26085789

  8. New instrument for percutaneous posterolateral lumbar foraminoplasty: case series of 134 with instrument design, surgical technique and outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Li, Zhenzhou; Hou, Shuxun; Shang, Weilin; Song, Keran; Zhao, Hongliang

    2015-01-01

    Current solutions for treating uncontained lumbar disk herniation include laser assisted endoscopic foraminoplasty and Transforaminal Endoscopic Spine System, both of which have some issues in clinical practice. This study aims to report the design of a new instrument for percutaneous posterolateral foraminoplasty. 148 patients with uncontained lumbar disk herniation were treated with percutaneous foraminoplasty followed by transforaminal endoscopic discectomy. Follow up were obtained for 134 cases. The VAS scores of pre-operative and post-operative low back pain and sciatica were compared. Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and MacNab scores were also obtained. Follow-up was up to 5 years postoperatively. There were 75 of excellent, 49 of good and 5 of fair according to MacNab score system, with total successful rate up to 92.5%. 5 cases with L5S1 disc herniation complained about irritation to the dorsal root ganglion. In conclusion, the new transforaminal endoscopic discectomy instrument is safe and effective for percutaneous foraminoplasty. PMID:26628949

  9. Minimizing radiation exposure during percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

    PubMed

    Chen, T T; Preminger, G M; Lipkin, M E

    2015-12-01

    Given the recent trends in growing per capita radiation dose from medical sources, there have been increasing concerns over patient radiation exposure. Patients with kidney stones undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) are at particular risk for high radiation exposure. There exist several risk factors for increased radiation exposure during PNL which include high Body Mass Index, multiple access tracts, and increased stone burden. We herein review recent trends in radiation exposure, radiation exposure during PNL to both patients and urologists, and various approaches to reduce radiation exposure. We discuss incorporating the principles of As Low As reasonably Achievable (ALARA) into clinical practice and review imaging techniques such as ultrasound and air contrast to guide PNL access. Alternative surgical techniques and approaches to reducing radiation exposure, including retrograde intra-renal surgery, retrograde nephrostomy, endoscopic-guided PNL, and minimally invasive PNL, are also highlighted. It is important for urologists to be aware of these concepts and techniques when treating stone patients with PNL. The discussions outlined will assist urologists in providing patient counseling and high quality of care. PMID:26354615

  10. Reappraisal of Pneumoperitoneum After Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy

    PubMed Central

    Park, Won Young; Lee, Joon Seong; Hong, Su Jin; Jeon, Seong Ran; Kim, Hyun Gun; Cho, Joo Young; Kim, Jin Oh; Cho, Jun Hyung; Lee, Sang Wook; Cho, Young Kwan

    2015-01-01

    Background/Aims Pneumoperitoneum is recognized as a benign and self-limiting finding after the insertion of a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube, while complicated pneumoperitoneum is rarely reported. The aim of this study was to reappraise pneumoperitoneum following PEG. Methods We retrospectively reviewed 193 patients who underwent PEG from May 2008 to May 2014. All patients had a follow-up upright chest or simple abdominal radiograph after PEG. Pneumoperitoneum was quantified by measuring the height of the air column under the diaphragm and graded as small (<2 cm), moderate (2-4 cm), or large (>4 cm). Clinically significant signs were defined as fever, abdominal tenderness or leukocytosis occurring after PEG insertion. Results Of the 193 study patients, 9 (4.6%) had a pneumoperitoneum visualized by radiographic imaging, graded as small in 5 patients, moderate in 2 patients and large in 2 patients. Clinically significant signs were observed in 5 (55.5%) patients with fever reported in 4 patients, abdominal tenderness in 4 patients and leukocytosis in 4 patients. The time to resolution of free air was 2-18 days. Two patients (22.2%) with moderate or large pneumoperitoneum after PEG died from either pneumonia or septic shock. Conclusions The clinical course of pneumoperitoneum after PEG is not always benign and self-limiting. These findings suggest that clinicians should not neglect a moderate or large pneumoperitoneum, particularly in patients who have an altered mental status or received antibiotics, since peritoneal irritation cannot be observed under these circumstances.

  11. Cilostazol and primary-PCI: mirage or good alternative?

    PubMed

    Porto, Italo; D'Amario, Domenico; Crea, Filippo

    2012-07-01

    Oral anti-platelet agents targeting the platelet P2Y12 receptor are an integral component of treating patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions. Advancements in the design of stents and catheters are pushing the technique towards treatment of high risk lesions whose failure would expose patients to catastrophic events. Success of these complex procedures largely lays on efficacy of anti-platelet drugs and the limitation of stent restenosis and/or thrombosis. Clopidogrel has been the most commonly used agent in this respect worldwide. However, there are certain shortcomings of clopidogrel, the most important of which is the wide response variability of platelet inhibition. Thus, clinicians are facing challenges in treating patients where high inhibition of platelets is necessary and the response to clopidogrel may be insufficient. In the last few years, cilostazol, a phosphodiesterase (PDE) 3 inhibitor, has been tested in the setting of acute coronary syndromes: it exerts not only anti-platelet actions, but also pleiotropic effects, including inhibition on neointimal hyperplasia, therefore preventing both stent restenosis and thrombosis. Therefore, cilostazol may be considered, on top of our current anti-platelet therapy, as a potential candidate to achieve optimal platelet inhibition especially in patients undergoing primary-PCI (p-PCI) or high risk procedures. This review will focus on the pharmacological characteristics of cilostazol and the initial evidences that support the use of this drug in the setting of p-PCI. PMID:22329616

  12. Percutaneous Treatment of Iliac Aneurysms and Pseudoaneurysms with Cragg Endopro System 1 Stent-Grafts

    SciTech Connect

    Gasparini, Daniele; Lovaria, Andrea; Saccheri, Silvia; Nicolini, Antonio; Favini, Giorgio; Inglese, Luigi; Giorgetti, Pier Luigi; Basadonna, Pier Tommaso

    1997-09-15

    Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility and short-term follow-up results of treating iliac aneurysms by the Cragg Endopro System 1 stent-graft. Methods: Nine lesions (two pseudoaneurysms and seven atherosclerotic aneurysms) were treated in eight patients by percutaneous implantation of a total of 10 stent-grafts. The procedure was followed by anticoagulation with heparin for 6 days, then antiplatelet therapy. Follow-up was by color Doppler ultrasound scan at 2 days and 3 months after the procedure for all patients, and by venous digital subtraction angiography and/or angio-CT up to 12 months later for four patients. Results: Initial clinical success rate was 100% and there were two minor complications. In one case the delivery system was faulty resulting in failure to deploy the stent-graft. An additional device had to be used. At 3-12 months all prostheses were patent but one patient (12.5%) had a minimal pergraft leak. Conclusion: Percutaneous stent-grafting with this device is a safe and efficacious treatment of iliac artery aneurysms.

  13. Development of a Double-Lumen Cannula for a Percutaneous RVAD.

    PubMed

    Wang, Dongfang; Jones, Cameron; Ballard-Croft, Cherry; Zhao, Ju; Zhao, Guangfeng; Topaz, Stephen; Zwischenberger, Joseph B

    2015-01-01

    The objectives were to design/fabricate a double-lumen cannula (DLC) for a percutaneous right ventricular assist device (pRVAD) and to test the feasibility/performance of this pRVAD system. A 27 Fr DLC prototype was made and tested in six adult sheep. The pRVAD DLC was inserted into the right jugular vein; advanced through the superior vena cava, the right atrium (RA), the right ventricle (RV); ending in the pulmonary artery (PA). A CentriMag pump and optional gas exchanger were connected to the DLC. Blood was withdrawn from RA, pumped through gas exchanger, and perfused PA. Maximal pumping flow was maintained for 2 hours. The pRVAD DLC was successfully deployed in all six sheep. In first three sheep, maximal average pumping flow was less than 3 L/min because the DLC was advanced too far with drainage opening against RA side wall. In last three sheep with well-positioned DLC, average maximal flow was more than 3.5 L/min. The gas exchanger provided up to 230 ml/min CO2 removal and 174 ml/min O2 transfer. Our DLC-based pRVAD system is feasible for percutaneous right heart and respiratory assistance through a single cannulation. The pRVAD DLC can be easily placed prophylactically during left ventricular assist device implantation and removed as needed without additional open chest procedures. PMID:25851314

  14. Abdominally implanted transmitters with percutaneous antennas affect the dive performance of Common Eiders

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Powell, Abby N.; Latty, Christopher J.; Hollmén, Tuula E.; Petersen, Margaret R.; Andrews, Russel D.

    2010-01-01

    Implanted transmitters have become an important tool for studying the ecology of sea ducks, but their effects remain largely undocumented. To address this, we assessed how abdominally implanted transmitters with percutaneous antennas affect the vertical dive speeds, stroke frequencies, bottom time, and dive duration of captive Common Eiders (Somateria mollissima). To establish baselines, we recorded video of six birds diving 4.9 m prior to surgery, implanted them with 38- to 47-g platform transmitter terminals, and then recorded their diving for 3.5 months after surgery to determine effects. Descent speeds were 16–25% slower and ascent speeds were 17–44% slower after surgery, and both remained below baseline at the end of the study. Dive durations were longer than baseline until day 22. On most days between 15 and 107 days after surgery, foot-stroke frequencies of birds foraging on the bottom were slower. Foot- and wing-stroke frequencies during descent and bottom time did not differ across the time series. If birds that rely on benthic invertebrates for sustenance dive slower and stay submerged longer after being implanted with a satellite transmitter, their foraging energetics may be affected. Researchers considering use of implanted transmitters with percutaneous antennas should be mindful of these effects and the possibility of concomitant alterations in diving behavior, foraging success, and migratory behavior compared to those of unmarked conspecifics.

  15. Percutaneous treatmerit of heterogertous predorninantly solid echopattern echinococcal cysts of the liver

    SciTech Connect

    Haddad, Maurice C.; Sammak, Bassam M.; Al-Karawi, Mohammad

    2000-03-15

    Purpose: We report our technique for and results of percutaneous treatment of heterogenous, predorninantly solid echopattem hepatic hydatid cysts (HHC), i.e., complex type IV cysts according to Gharbi's sonographie Classification of HHC.Methods: Eight patients with nine complex type IV HHC were treated by percutaneous aspiration followed by hypertonic saline ablation, using a 14 Fr van Sonnenberg sump drainage catheter under Sonographie and fluoroscopic guidance.Results: Successful drainage of cysts contents was achieved in all eight patients. No major complications, such as anaphylaxis, abdominal dissemination, cyst recurrence, or death. oecurred. Minor complications including pain (n=4), mild fever (n=5), right reactive pleural effusion (n=4), and transient hypernatremia (n=2) vvere observed and managed conservatively. Follow-up imaging studies for an average period of 15 months (range 1-48 months) showed either complete healing (n=3) or significant reduetion in the size of the cyst with solidification (n=6).Conclusion: Nine complex type IV HHC were effectively treated by suction of the membranes and hypertonic saline ablation using a 14 Fr sump drainage catheter, without major complications.

  16. Percutaneous Treatment of Heterogenous Predominantly Solid Echopattern Echinococcal Cysts of the Liver

    SciTech Connect

    Haddad, Maurice C.; Sammak, Bassam M.; Al-Karawi, Mohammad

    2000-03-15

    Purpose: We report our technique for and results of percutaneous treatment of heterogenous, predominantly solid echopattern hepatic hydatid cysts (HHC), i.e., complex type IV cysts according to Gharbi's sonographic classification of HHC.Methods: Eight patients with nine complex type IV HHC were treated by percutaneous aspiration followed by hypertonic saline ablation, using a 14 Fr van Sonnenberg sump drainage catheter under sonographic and fluoroscopic guidance.Results: Successful drainage of cysts contents was achieved in all eight patients. No major complications, such as anaphylaxis, abdominal dissemination, cyst recurrence, or death, occurred. Minor complications including pain (n = 4), mild fever (n = 5), right reactive pleural effusion (n = 4), and transient hypernatremia (n = 2) were observed and managed conservatively. Follow-up imaging studies for an average period of 15 months (range 1-48 months) showed either complete healing (n 3) or significant reduction in the size of the cyst with solidification (n 6).Conclusion: Nine complex type IV HHC were effectively treated by suction of the membranes and hypertonic saline ablation using a 14 Fr sump drainage catheter, without major complications.

  17. Primary Syphilis

    MedlinePLUS

    newsletter | contact Share | Primary Syphilis Information for adults A A A This image displays a painless ulcer with a red base, typical of primary syphilis. Overview Primary syphilis is a disease caused by ...

  18. Complications associated with percutaneous placement of venous return cannula for venovenous bypass in adult orthotopic liver transplantation.

    PubMed

    Sakai, Tetsuro; Planinsic, Raymond M; Hilmi, Ibetsam A; Marsh, J Wallis

    2007-07-01

    Percutaneous large bore cannula placement during orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) for use in venovenous bypass (VVB) has been reported to be a rapid and simple technique. It is, however, a technique that carries its own risks. The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence of complications related to the placement of a percutaneous venous return cannula and subsequent VVB in OLT. A retrospective review of 360 consecutive adult OLT patients during a period of 18 months (January 1, 2003 to June 30, 2004) was performed. The percutaneous venous cannula (18 Fr) was placed by an attending transplant anesthesiologist. The cannulation was attempted in 326 patients (90.6%). No cannulation was attempted on the subclavian veins. Internal jugular venous cannula placement was attempted but aborted in 6 patients (1.8%) due to technical difficulties. In 320 patients who received an internal jugular venous cannula, 313 (97.8%) underwent OLT without complication. The remaining 7 patients (2.2%) had complications. The operation was delayed for 1 patient due to suspected hemomediastinum. The other 6 complications were related to VVB: air embolism (2 patients), low flow rate (2 patients), hypotension (1 patient), and atrial fibrillation (1 patient). Successful OLT was eventually carried out in all the 7 patients and no mortality associated with internal jugular venous cannula placement or VVB was noted. In conclusion, percutaneous placement of a large bore venous return cannula for VVB during adult OLT can be performed with acceptable risk using a flexible 18-Fr cannula via the right internal jugular vein (IJV) by experienced attending transplant anesthesiologists. PMID:17600351

  19. Percutaneous Transcholecystic Biliary Interventions Using Gallbladder Anchors: Feasibility Study in the Swine

    SciTech Connect

    Lopera, Jorge E. Kirsch, David; Qian Zhong; Ruiz, Bernardo; Brazzini, Augusto; Gonzales, Arturo; Castaneda-Zuniga, Wilfrido

    2005-05-15

    The purpose of this study was to report our initial experience with a swine model for biliary interventions by using a percutaneous transcholecystic access after suture anchor of the gallbladder. Telepaque tablets were given to five pigs to opacify the gallbladder. Under fluoroscopy, the opacified gallbladder was punctured percutaneously and three suture anchors were used to fix the anterior wall of the gallbladder to the abdominal wall. Two weeks later, the gallbladder was punctured and access into the distal common bile was obtained through the cystic duct. Balloon expandable stents were deployed into the distal common bile duct. Follow-up cholangiograms were obtained at 1 and 2 weeks. Necropsy was performed after 2 weeks to evaluate the relationship between the gallbladder and abdominal wall. Suture anchor placement was successful in all five pigs. One pig with a deep and highly positioned gallbladder developed fever, anorexia, and vomiting secondary to excessive stretch of the gallbladder. Placement of the guidewire through the extremely tortuous and small cystic ducts proved to be the most challenging step of the procedure. Metallic stents were successfully deployed in all four pigs in which it was attempted. Four animals tolerated the procedures without changes in their clinical conditions and no symptoms. Successful follow-up cholangiograms were performed at 1 and 2 weeks post-stent deployment without complications. All stents remained patent during the follow-up period. Necropsy demonstrated close attachment and adherence of the gallbladders to the antero-lateral abdominal wall in all four animals. Suture anchoring of the gallbladder is feasible in most pigs with superficially located gallbladders. This technique allows a safe and repeat access into the biliary system using a transcholecystic approach.

  20. Syphilis - primary

    MedlinePLUS

    Primary syphilis; Secondary syphilis; Late syphilis; Tertiary syphilis ... Syphilis has three stages: Primary syphilis Secondary syphilis Tertiary syphilis (the late phase of the illness) Secondary ...

  1. Benign Biliary Strictures: Diagnostic Evaluation and Approaches to Percutaneous Treatment.

    PubMed

    Fidelman, Nicholas

    2015-12-01

    Interventional radiologists are often consulted to help identify and treat biliary strictures that can result from a variety of benign etiologies. Mainstays of noninvasive imaging for benign biliary strictures include ultrasound, contrast-enhanced computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, and computed tomography cholangiography. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography is the invasive diagnostic procedure of choice, allowing both localization of a stricture and treatment. Percutaneous biliary interventions are reserved for patients who are not candidates for endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (eg, history of distal gastrectomy and biliary-enteric anastomosis to a jejunal roux limb). This review discusses the roles of percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography and biliary drainage in the diagnosis of benign biliary strictures. The methodology for crossing benign biliary strictures, approaches to balloon dilation, management of recalcitrant strictures (ie, large-bore biliary catheters and retrievable covered stents), and the expected outcomes and complications of percutaneous treatment of benign biliary strictures are also addressed. PMID:26615161

  2. Percutaneous Balloon Compression for Trigeminal Neuralgia: Imaging and Technical Aspects.

    PubMed

    De Córdoba, Jose Luis; García Bach, Marcel; Isach, Núria; Piles, Salvador

    2015-01-01

    Trigeminal neuralgia attacks are among the most painful conditions known. Trigeminal neuralgias are hypothesized to be caused by neurovascular conflict at the trigeminal root entry zone in the prepontine cistern. A range of therapeutic options is available including open surgical microvascular decompression and several percutaneous ablative techniques (eg, radiofrequency rhizotomy and glycerol gangliolysis). Percutaneous balloon compression of the Gasserian retroganglionic rootlets has been reported to have results comparable to those of other minimally invasive techniques. This operative approach has proven popular with neurosurgeons as it is considered to be technically easier to perform than other methods. Nevertheless, pain physicians might regard this technique as challenging, relatively risky, and requiring special expertise. Accordingly, in this imaging article, we describe our percutaneous balloon compression procedure, paying particular attention to the technical and radiological details. PMID:26236998

  3. Contemporary anticoagulation therapy in patients undergoing percutaneous intervention.

    PubMed

    Bhatty, Shaun; Ali, Asghar; Shetty, Ranjith; Sumption, Kevin F; Topaz, On; Jovin, Ion S

    2014-04-01

    The proper use of anticoagulants is crucial for ensuring optimal patient outcomes post percutaneous interventions in the cardiac catheterization laboratory. Anticoagulant agents such as unfractionated heparin, a thrombin inhibitor; low-molecular weight heparins, predominantly Factor Xa inhibitors; fondaparinux, a Factor Xa inhibitor and bivalirudin, a direct thrombin inhibitor have been developed to target various steps in the coagulation cascade to prevent formation of thrombin. Optimal anticoagulation achieves the correct balance between thrombosis and bleeding and is related to optimal outcomes with minimal complications. This review will discuss the mechanisms and appropriate use of current and emerging anticoagulant therapies used during percutaneous interventions. PMID:24506409

  4. Percutaneous Ventricular Assist Devices: New Deus Ex Machina?

    PubMed Central

    Arroyo, Diego; Cook, Stéphane

    2011-01-01

    The development of ventricular assist devices has broadened the means with which one can treat acute heart failure. Percutaneous ventricular assist devices (pVAD) have risen from recent technological advances. They are smaller, easier, and faster to implant, all important qualities in the setting of acute heart failure. The present paper briefly describes the functioning and assets of the most common devices used today. It gives an overview of the current evidence and indications for left ventricular assist device use in cardiogenic shock and high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention. Finally, extracorporeal life support devices are dealt with in the setting of hemodynamic support. PMID:22091361

  5. Percutaneous cholangioscopy in obstructed biliary metal stents

    SciTech Connect

    Hausegger, Klaus A.; Mischinger, Hans J.; Karaic, Radenko; Klein, Guenther E.; Kugler, Cristian; Kern, Robert; Uggowitzer, Martin; Szolar, Dieter

    1997-05-15

    Purpose. To reevaluate the reasons for the occlusion of self-expanding biliary metal stents, on the basis of cholangioscopic findings. Methods. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopy (PTCS) was performed in 15 patients with obstructed biliary Wallstents. The reason for stent insertion was a malignant obstruction in 14 patients; 1 had a benign biliary stricture. Conventional noncovered stents had been inserted in 12 patients; in 3 cases a polyurethane-covered prototype Wallstent had been used. Stent occlusions occurred after 1-55 months. PTCS was performed with a 2.3-mm endoscope through an 11 Fr sheath. Biopsies were taken via the working channel of the endoscope. Results. In all patients with noncovered stents the inner surface of the stent was highly irregular with seaweed-like protrusions (biopsy-proven granulation tissue). Stent incorporation varied from absent (n=1) to subtotal (n=8), but was always incomplete, no matter how long the stent had been in place. Tumor ingrowth was histologically proven in 2 patients. One patient had a large occluding concrement at the proximal end of the stent. In patients with covered stents, the inner surface appeared more regular; however, viable granulation tissue was found inside two stents and tumor ingrowth in one of them. Conclusion. PTCS showed that incorporation of the stent is virtually always incomplete. The factors contributing most to stent occlusion are the buildup of granulation tissue, bile sludge, and tumor overgrowth. Stone formation and tumor ingrowth can also be important, although less common causes of occlusion. A polyurethane stent covering could not prevent tumor ingrowth in one patient and the buildup of viable granulation tissue inside the stent in two further patients; mean stent patency in the three patients with such a stent was 3 months.

  6. Percutaneous Acetabuloplasty Compared With Open Reconstruction for Extensive Periacetabular Carcinoma Metastases.

    PubMed

    Colman, Matthew W; Karim, Syed M; Hirsch, Joshua A; Yoo, Albert J; Schwab, Joseph H; Hornicek, Francis J; Raskin, Kevin A

    2015-09-01

    For destructive metastatic periacetabular disease, options include open acetabular reconstruction or percutaneous cement acetabuloplasty (PA). We reviewed 28 consecutive patients with Harrington grade II or III lesions, 17 who underwent Harrington-type or anti-protrusio reconstruction and 11 who underwent PA. Primary outcome measures were performance status (PS), ambulatory status (0=unassisted ambulation, 1=assisted ambulation, 2=nonambulatory), and 10-point VAS score. The surgery group had better pain reduction than the PA group at 3 months (3.6 vs. 1.5 points, P=0.04), and a trend at final follow-up (3.8 vs. 1.4 points, P=0.06). Improvement in ambulatory status was better in the surgery group at 3 months only (0.53 vs. -0.14, P=0.03). Thus compared with PA, open reconstruction may provide improved pain relief and ambulation. PMID:26115981

  7. Percutaneous hepatic radiofrequency for hepatocellular carcinoma: results and outcome of 46 patients

    PubMed Central

    Bertrand, Julie; Caillol, Fabrice; Borentain, Patrick; Raoul, Jean-Luc; Heyries, Laurent; Bories, Erwan; Pesenti, Christian; Ratone, Jean-Philippe; Bernard, Jean-Paul; Gerolami, René; Giovannini, Marc

    2015-01-01

    Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a curative option for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common primary malignancy of the liver. This bicentric retrospective study includes 46 patients admitted for their first percutaneous RFA for HCC. Sixty-three nodules were treated, with an average size of 32.5 mm. Our study confirms the efficiency of this technique for attaining necrosis of HCC nodules, with few complications. Subgroup studies according to RFA mode (mono- or multipolar), etiology of cirrhosis (alcoholic or viral), and HCC size showed better efficiency for multipolar RFA when applied to small tumors and better survival when the cirrhosis was due to viral infection. However, we noted a high rate of local recurrence in our and other recent works compared to previous studies, probably due to improved imaging techniques. The main problem is still de novo intrahepatic recurrence in diseased livers. PMID:26056497

  8. Exercise electrocardiography and myocardial scintigraphy in the serial evaluation of the results of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

    SciTech Connect

    Schall, J.M.; Chaitman, B.R.; David, P.R.; Dupras, G.; Brevers, G; Val, P.G.; Crepeau, J.; Lesperance, J.; Bourassa, M.G.

    1982-08-01

    The diagnostic value of exercise electrocardiography using 14 leads and thallium-201 scintigraphy were evaluated in 54 of 70 patients who underwent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), both in the initial assessment and serial follow-up of patients after PTCA. Of the 45 patients who had successful PTCA, 36 had complete noninvasive studies performed before and 1 month after PTCA. The use of clinical symptoms in conjunction with the physiologic data, ECG and myocardial scintigram acquired during exercise provide important short-term data on the angiographic evolution of PTCA results. The noninvasive tests may be useful in determining guidelines for repeat angiography in patients who have had PTCA. (JMT)

  9. CT-Guided Percutaneous Drainage of Infected Collections Due to Gastric Leak After Sleeve Gastrectomy for Morbid Obesity: Initial Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Kelogrigoris, M. Sotiropoulou, E.; Stathopoulos, K.; Georgiadou, V.; Philippousis, P.; Thanos, L.

    2011-06-15

    This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of computed tomography (CT)-guided drainage in treating infected collections due to gastric leak after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for morbid obesity. From January 2007 to June 2009, 21 patients (9 men and 12 women; mean age, 39.2 (range, 26-52) years) with infected collections due to gastric leak after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for morbid obesity underwent image-guided percutaneous drainage. All procedures were performed using CT guidance and 8- to 12-Fr pigtail drainage catheters. Immediate technical success was achieved in all 21 infected collections. In 18 of 21 collections, we obtained progressive shrinkage of the collection with consequent clinical success (success rate 86%). In three cases, the abdominal fluid collection was not resolved, and the patients were reoperated. Among the 18 patients who avoided surgery, 2 needed replacement of the catheter due to obstruction. No major complications occurred during the procedure. The results of our study support that CT-guided percutaneous drainage is an effective and safe method to treat infected abdominal fluid collections due to gastric leak in patients who had previously underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for morbid obesity. It may be considered both as a preparatory step for surgery and a valuable alternative to open surgery. Failure of the procedure does not, however, preclude a subsequent surgical operation.

  10. Fibromuscular dysplasia of renal arteries: percutaneous revascularization based on hemodynamic assessment with a pressure measurement guidewire.

    PubMed

    Mahmud, Ehtisham; Brocato, Michele; Palakodeti, Vachaspathi; Tsimikas, Sotirios

    2006-03-01

    Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) leading to renal artery stenosis and hypertension is one of the most common treatable causes of secondary hypertension. However, frequently it can be difficult to judge the anatomical severity of a stenotic lesion with various noninvasive and invasive imaging modalities. We present two patients with poorly controlled hypertension and FMD affecting the renal arteries, in whom there were no anatomically significant stenoses by renal magnetic resonance angiography or selective renal artery angiography. Utilizing a 0.014'' high fidelity micromanometer tipped PressureWire XT (Radi, Reading, MA), to measure intravascular pressure gradients throughout the diseased renal arteries, we identified physiologically significant stenoses, and successfully treated both patients with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. PMID:16475187

  11. Conversion of Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy to Gastrojejunostomy Under Fluoroscopic Guidance for Treatment of Gastrocutaneous Fistula

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Joon-Sung; Baik, Jun Hyun; Lim, Seong Hoon; Hong, Bo Young

    2015-01-01

    Persistent enterocutaneous fistula after the removal of a gastrostomy tube is an unusual complication of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). The following case report describes an 81-year-old man diagnosed with stroke and dysphagia in May 2008. The patient had been using a PEG since 2008, and PEG site infection occurred in June 2013. The PEG tube was removed and a new PEG tube was inserted. Thereafter, formation of gastrocutaneous fistula around the previous infected PEG site was observed. The fistula was refractory to medical management, accompanied by long duration of fasting and peripheral alimentation. Therefore, gastrojejunostomy tube insertion via the previously inserted PEG tube was performed, under fluoroscopic guidance; this mode of management was successful. For patients who have a gastrocutaneous fistula, gastrojejunostomy tube insertion via the pre-existing PEG tube is a safe and effective alternative management for enteral feeding. PMID:25750883

  12. Conversion of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy to gastrojejunostomy under fluoroscopic guidance for treatment of gastrocutaneous fistula.

    PubMed

    Kim, Joon-Sung; Baik, Jun Hyun; Lim, Seong Hoon; Hong, Bo Young; Jo, Leechan

    2015-02-01

    Persistent enterocutaneous fistula after the removal of a gastrostomy tube is an unusual complication of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). The following case report describes an 81-year-old man diagnosed with stroke and dysphagia in May 2008. The patient had been using a PEG since 2008, and PEG site infection occurred in June 2013. The PEG tube was removed and a new PEG tube was inserted. Thereafter, formation of gastrocutaneous fistula around the previous infected PEG site was observed. The fistula was refractory to medical management, accompanied by long duration of fasting and peripheral alimentation. Therefore, gastrojejunostomy tube insertion via the previously inserted PEG tube was performed, under fluoroscopic guidance; this mode of management was successful. For patients who have a gastrocutaneous fistula, gastrojejunostomy tube insertion via the pre-existing PEG tube is a safe and effective alternative management for enteral feeding. PMID:25750883

  13. Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage using a ligated catheter for recurrent catheter obstruction: antireflux technique.

    PubMed

    Hamada, Tsuyoshi; Tsujino, Takeshi; Isayama, Hiroyuki; Hakuta, Ryunosuke; Ito, Yukiko; Nakata, Ryo; Koike, Kazuhiko

    2013-03-01

    Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) is an established procedure for biliary obstruction. However, duodenobiliary or jejunobiliary reflux of the intestinal contents through a PTBD catheter sometimes causes recurrent catheter obstruction or cholangitis. A 64-year-old female patient with a history of choledochojejunostomy was referred to our department with acute cholangitis due to choledochojejunal anastomotic obstruction. Emergent PTBD was performed, but frequent obstructions of the catheter due to the reflux of intestinal contents complicated the post-PTBD course. We therefore introduced a catheter with an antireflux mechanism to prevent jejunobiliary reflux. A commercially available catheter was modified; side holes were made at 1 cm and 5 to 10 cm (1 cm apart) from the tip of the catheter, and the catheter was ligated with a nylon thread just proximal to the first side hole. Using this novel "antireflux PTBD technique," jejunobiliary reflux was prevented successfully, resulting in a longer patency of the catheter. PMID:23560165

  14. Iatrogenic mitral valve chordal rupture during placement of an inflatable and repositionable percutaneous aortic valve prosthesis.

    PubMed

    D'Ancona, Giuseppe; Ince, Hüseyin; Ortak, Jasmin; Stoeckicht, Yannik; Kische, Stephan

    2015-03-01

    A case is reported of iatrogenic mitral valve chordal rupture occurring during transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with an inflatable and repositionable valve (Direct Flow; Direct Flow Medical, Santa Rosa, CA, USA). The specific implantation technique requires initial valve advancement into the left ventricular cavity, valve inflation within the ventricular cavity, and a final finely tuned valve upward pulling through the left ventricular outflow tract until contact with the aortic annulus is achieved. During this phase of the procedure, entangling with the mitral subvalvular apparatus should be excluded, to avoid inadvertent tissue tearing and consequent mitral valve malfunction. The present patient underwent TAVI but then developed symptomatic severe mitral valve regurgitation resulting from chordal rupture. The condition was successfully treated percutaneously by implanting a Mitra-Clip. PMID:26204679

  15. Percutaneous heartworm removal from dogs with severe heart worm (Dirofilaria immitis) infestation

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Seung-Gon; Moon, Hyeong-Sun

    2008-01-01

    Canine heart worm disease is often life-threatening due to its various complications, including right side heart failure, caval syndrome and pulmonary eosinophilic granulomatosis. Several preventive medications and melarsomine have been developed and they are very effective to control heartworm infestation. However, in a case of severe infestation, melarsomine therapy often results in an unfavorable outcome because of the severe immune reaction caused by rapid killing of the adult worm. Surgical removal and an interventional method using flexible alligator forceps have been well described in the literature. Despite the usefulness of mechanical removal using flexible alligator forceps, the methodology still needs to be upgraded for increasing the applicability for treating dogs with severe infestation. We describe herein a newly developed percutaneous removal method for heartworms and this was successfully applied to 4 dogs with severe heartworm infestation. The follow-up studies also showed favorable outcomes with no complications. PMID:18487942

  16. A Preliminary Real-Time and Realistic Simulation Environment for Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Jianhuang; Wang, Haoyu; Zhang, Peng; Ma, Xin

    2015-01-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a minimally invasive surgery procedure that is widely used in the treatment of coronary artery disease. This procedure requires interventional cardiologists to have high proficiency and therefore demands an extensive training period in order to ensure successful surgical outcome. In this paper, a realistic and real-time interactive simulator for training PCI procedure is presented. A set of new approaches for core simulation components is devised and integrated into the simulator. Trainees can interact with the virtual simulation environment with real instruments and essential maneuvers encountered in real PCI procedure. Although presently targeted at PCI, our simulator could be easily extended to mimic the necessities of any vascular interventional radiology procedures by updating vascular anatomy. Preliminary validation of the proposed physical model of instruments is conducted on vascular phantom to demonstrate its performance and effectiveness. PMID:25879018

  17. Splenic arteriovenous fistula: successful treatment with an Amplatz occlusion device.

    PubMed

    Moghaddam, Mahsa Bidgoli; Kalra, Manju; Bjarnason, Haraldur; Vrtiska, T J

    2011-05-01

    Splenic artery and vein aneurysm with splenic arteriovenous fistula (SAVF) is a rare entity. We report the case of a 72-year-old woman who presented with signs and symptoms of portal hypertension after a laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. The diagnosis of a 37-mm SAVF was confirmed by a computed tomographic angiogram. The arteriovenous fistula was successfully treated with placement of a 20-mm Amplatz occlusion device. Surgical ligation and percutaneous embolization have been reported to be equally successful in managing SAVF. We present a review of the literature and report on a novel approach to this rare and challenging diagnosis. PMID:21549928

  18. Leading Curriculum Innovation in Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brundrett, Mark; Duncan, Diane

    2011-01-01

    This article reports on a study of 40 primary school leaders from ten very successful primary schools who were interviewed in order to find out the skills, processes and practices that are required for the leadership of successful curriculum innovation in primary schools. Findings suggest that school leaders need to create an "ethos for change" if…

  19. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy for isolated calyceal stones: How important is the stone location?

    PubMed Central

    Özgör, Faruk; Küçüktopcu, Onur; ?im?ek, Abdulmuttalip; Sar?lar, Ömer; Binbay, Murat; Gürbüz, Gökhan

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effect of percutaneous access site on the success and complication rates of isolated calyceal stones. Material and methods We retrospectively evaluated 2700 patients who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) in our clinic between October 2002 and August 2014. We selected only the patients with isolated lower, middle or upper calyceal stones and we grouped the patients according to the location of their stones. Successful operation was defined as complete stone clearence or retention of stone fragments smaller than 4 mm which do not lead to infection, obstruction or pain requiring treatment. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were also recorded. Results Totally 360 patients underwent PNL for their isolated upper, middle and lower calyceal stones. Access sites for those patients were selected based on stone location. The stones were localized in the lower (n=304), middle (n=14), and upper (n=42) calices. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups with respect to operation and scopy times. Hemoglobin drop was seen more frequently in the upper calyceal access group, without any significant intergroup difference. Thoracic complications including hemothorax, pneumothorax and pleural effusion were more common in the upper calyceal access group (11.9%; p<0.001). Complete stone clerance was accomplished in 81.9%, 92.9% and 78.6% of the patients with lower, middle and upper calyceal stones respectively without any significant intergroup difference (p=0.537). Conclusion PNL is an effective and safe treatment modality for isolated calyceal kidney stones and upper calyceal access causes thoracic complications more than other access sites. PMID:26623144

  20. Complications of Transfemoral Removal of Percutaneous Transfemorally Implanted Port-Catheter Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Yahiro, Yoshiyuki; Toyota, Naoyuki Kakizawa, Hideaki; Hieda, Masashi; Hirai, Nobuhiko; Naito, Akira; Ito, Katsuhide

    2006-10-15

    Our purpose is to evaluate the feasibility and safety of the withdrawal procedure of percutaneous transfemorally implanted port-catheter systems. Thirty-seven patients (17.7%) underwent the withdrawal procedure of this port-catheter system among 209 patients. The reasons for withdrawal were as follows: termination of intra-arterial chemotherapy (n = 7), obstruction of hepatic artery (n = 5), port infection (n = 4), catheter infection (n = 4), catheter obstruction (n = 4), lower-limb palsy and pain (n = 2), exposure of the port due to skin defect (n = 2), patient's desire (n = 2), side effect of chemotherapy (n = 1), no effectiveness of chemotherapy (n = 1), hematoma at the puncture site (n = 1), duodenum perforation by the catheter (n = 1), intermittent claudication due to severe stenosis of right common iliac artery (n = 1), dissection of common hepatic artery (n = 1), and broken catheter (n = 1). In thirty-four of the 37 cases, the port-catheter system was successfully withdrawn without any complications. Clinical success rate was 91.9%. Complications occurred in three cases (8.1%), which were a pseudoaneurysm, thromboembolism of the right common iliac artery, and continuous bleeding from the subcutaneous pocket where the port system was placed for 1 month. In 15 cases, correction of the catheter tip or exchange for dislocation of the tip had to be done without withdrawal. It is not rare to withdraw port-catheter systems in cases of infection or hematoma around the system. Although withdrawal of a percutaneous transfemorally implanted port-catheter system is a relatively safe procedure, the port-catheter system should not be removed unless absolutely indicated.

  1. Percutaneous Treatment of Peripheral Vascular Malformations in Children: Long-Term Clinical Outcome

    SciTech Connect

    Linden, Edwin van der; Otoide-Vree, Marleen; Pattynama, Peter M. T.

    2012-04-15

    Purpose: This study was designed to assess the rate of complications and clinical failure at 3 and 12 months after percutaneous treatment of vascular malformations in children. Furthermore, we describe patient satisfaction of treatment results during 5 years of follow-up. Methods: In a retrospective cohort study, we evaluated 26 patients younger than aged 19 years who were treated for symptomatic vascular malformations. Data on treatment outcomes and patient satisfactions were obtained with a precoded structured questionnaire. Patient files and imaging data were retrieved to obtain information regarding the vascular malformations and treatment. Clinical success was defined as disappearance or partial improvement of the complaints. Patient satisfaction was declared whenever patients answered in the questionnaire that they were satisfied with the treatment results. Results: Of 26 eligible patients, we included 23 (88%). The mean follow-up was 36 (range, 15-127) months. Posttreatment, 87% (20/23; 95% confidence interval (CI), 66-97%) of patients reported clinical success at 3 months. At 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 years of follow-up this percentage was 74%, 59%, 59%, 59%, and 59%, respectively. Eleven (48%, 95% CI 27-69%) patients had experienced complications and 22% (95% CI 7-44%) had major complications, of which 5 had required additional treatment. In all, 83% (19/23) of the patients reported satisfaction with the treatment. Conclusions: Percutaneous treatment of vascular malformations improved clinical symptoms in 87% of the patients at 3 months and were sustainable for half of all patients during a 5-year follow-up period. However, major complications were seen in 22%.

  2. Gastric Wall Dissection as a Complication of Percutaneous Gastrostomy

    SciTech Connect

    Reimer, Wolfgang; Farres, Maria Teresa; Lammer, Johannes

    1996-04-15

    A percutaneous gastrostomy (PG) was complicated by gastric wall dissection and partial tube malposition. It occurred after tangential puncture along the greater curvature of the stomach which was performed in order to avoid an enlarged left lobe of the liver. To prevent this complication we recommend not using hydrophilic guidewires during PG.

  3. Predictors of troponin elevation after percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Mandadi, Vikram R; DeVoe, Mary C; Ambrose, John A; Prakash, Anita M; Varshneya, Nikita; Gould, Randy B; Nguyen, Tien H; Geagea, Jean-Pierre M; Radojevic, Joseph A; Sehhat, Khashayar; Barua, Rajat S

    2004-03-15

    The predictors of troponin release after percutaneous coronary intervention were prospectively assessed in 405 consecutive patients. Troponin release occurred frequently (27%) and was associated with complications during the procedure, including sapheneous vein graft interventions, multistent use, glycoprotein IIb/IIIa use, and a history of hypercholesterolemia. PMID:15019883

  4. Percutaneous multiple electrode connector, design parameters and fabrication (biomedical)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Myers, L. A.

    1977-01-01

    A percutaneous multielectrode connector was designed which utilizes an ultrapure carbon collar to provide an infection free biocompatible passage through the skin. The device provides reliable electrical continuity, mates and demates readily with the implant, and is fabricated with processes and materials oriented to commercial production.

  5. Outcomes after percutaneous reduction and fixation of proximal humeral fractures.

    PubMed

    Keener, Jay D; Parsons, Brad O; Flatow, Evan L; Rogers, Kenneth; Williams, Gerald R; Galatz, Leesa M

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to report the outcomes after closed or percutaneous reduction with percutaneous fixation of displaced proximal humeral fractures. This study included 35 patients from 3 institutions. Of these, 27 were followed up for a minimum of 1 year after surgery. The mean age at injury was 61 years. There were seven 2-part, eight 3-part, and twelve valgus-impacted 4-part proximal humeral fractures. All fractures were reduced and stabilized with percutaneous techniques only. The mean duration of follow-up was 35 months. All fractures healed after the index procedure. The mean pain score on a visual analog scale was 1.4. The mean American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons and Constant scores were 83.4 and 73.9, respectively. Four patients healed with malunion, and in four, glenohumeral joint osteoarthritis developed. Fracture type, age, malunion, or osteoarthritis had no significance influence on measured outcomes. Percutaneous treatment of selected proximal humeral fractures results in predictable union and good clinical results with a low rate of complications. PMID:17321163

  6. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Percutaneous Cement Injection into a Created Cavity for

    E-print Network

    Casto, Joseph M.

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Percutaneous Cement Injection into a Created Cavity for the Treatment of Vertebral vertebroplasty (PV) procedure during which a cavity is created manually in the VBF, allowing the cement to be in included extrusion of cement in two patients (an incidence of 5.7% of the levels operated) and two patients

  7. Percutaneous Drainage of Suppurative Pylephlebitis Complicating Acute Pancreatitis

    SciTech Connect

    Nouira, Kais Bedioui, Haykel; Azaiez, Olfa; Belhiba, Hend; Messaoud, Monia Ben; Ksantini, Rachid; Jouini, Mohamed; Menif, Emna

    2007-11-15

    Suppurative pylephlebitis is a rare condition with a significant mortality rate, ranging from 50% to 80%. We report a case of suppurative pylephlebitis complicating acute pancreatitis treated by percutaneous drainage in a 40-year-old woman. The patient had an uneventful recovery.

  8. Percutaneous coronary intervention in nonagenarians: pros and cons

    PubMed Central

    Biondi Zoccai, Giuseppe; Abbate, Antonio; D'Ascenzo, Fabrizio; Presutti, Davide; Peruzzi, Mariangela; Cavarretta, Elena; Marullo, Antonino G.M.; Lotrionte, Marzia; Frati, Giacomo

    2013-01-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention is a mainstay in the management of symptomatic or high-risk coronary artery disease. The bulk of clinical evidence and experience underlying this fact relies, however, on relatively young patients. Indeed, few data of very limited quality are available which adequately define the risk-benefit and cost-benefit profile of coronary angioplasty and stenting in very old subjects, such as those of 90 years of age or older (i.e., nonagenarians). The aim of this review is to provide a concise, yet practical, synthesis of the available evidence on percutaneous coronary revascularization in the very elderly. The main arguments elaborated upon are to what extent we can extrapolate findings from studies including younger patients to nonagenarians, whether we should provide higher priority to prognosis or quality of life in such patients, and whether we can afford to allocate vast resources to care for such subjects in an era of financial constraints. Our review of 18 studies and 1082 patients suggest that percutaneous coronary intervention is feasible and associated with acceptable short- and long-term results in this population, which is nonetheless fraught with a high mortality risk irrespective of the revascularization procedure. Accordingly, the pros and cons of percutaneous coronary intervention should be carefully weighed when considering this treatment in nonagenarians. PMID:23610578

  9. PAIR as percutaneous treatment of hydatid liver cysts.

    PubMed

    Peláez, V; Kugler, C; Correa, D; Del Carpio, M; Guangiroli, M; Molina, J; Marcos, B; Lopez, E

    2000-03-25

    Hydatid disease of the liver remains an important and challenging problem in rural areas; although, surgery is considered the treatment of choice, percutaneous treatment of hydatid cysts is relatively new, and the data related to it are limited. The purpose of the study was to present the results of percutaneous treatment of liver hydatid cysts. Thirty-four patients (13 male and 21 female), ranging in age between 14 and 80 years, with 55 liver hydatid cysts underwent percutaneous treatment with albendazole prophylaxis. Cysts were treated with a one-stage procedure that consisted of puncture of the cysts under guidance with computed tomography, aspiration of fluid, injection of hypertonic saline solution as scolicidal agent and reaspiration. Follow-up examinations showed progressive reduction and solidification of the cysts. The mean reduction in volume was 72%. No mortality, abdominal dissemination, or tract seeding occurred. Minor complications were urticaria with pruritus in two patients. One patient had a subcapusular hematoma without problem. Hospitalization courses varied from ambulatory procedures to 15 days of in-patient, mean hospital stay was 1.82 days. The results of percutaneous liver hydatid cyst treatment, indicating that the procedure is efficient and safe and offers complete cure in selected patients with a short hospitalization and that this technique should be considered an alternative to surgery. PMID:10708659

  10. Percutaneous and Endovascular Embolization of Ruptured Hepatic Artery Aneurysm

    SciTech Connect

    Little, Andrew F.; Lee, Wai Kit

    2002-06-15

    A 72-year-old woman presented with an intraperitoneal hemorrhage from a ruptured intrahepatic arteryaneurysm, with an associated pseudoaneurysm developing a high-flow arteriovenous fistula. Persistent coagulopathy and a median arcuate ligament stenosis of the celiac axis further complicated endovascular management. Aneurysm thrombosis required percutaneous embolization with coils, a removable core guidewire and polyvinyl alcohol particles.

  11. Direct Transoral Approach to C2 for Percutaneous Vertebroplasty

    SciTech Connect

    Martin, Jean-Baptiste; Gailloud, Philippe; Dietrich, Pierre-Yves; Luciani, Marc E.; Somon, Thierry; Sappino, Pascal-Andre; Ruefenach, Daniel A.

    2002-12-15

    Percutaneous vertebroplasty was performed via a transoral route in a 70-year-old woman with a C2 metastasis of thyroid origin involving anterior vertebral elements. Complete pain relief was obtained after an uncomplicated minimally invasive procedure. This preliminary experience demonstrates that a transoral approach under fluoroscopic control can provide safe access to the upper cervical spine at C2 level.

  12. The Preclose Technique in Percutaneous Endovascular Aortic Repair: A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Jaffan, Abdel Aziz A.; Prince, Ethan A.; Hampson, Christopher O.; Murphy, Timothy P.

    2013-06-15

    Purpose. To establish the efficacy and safety of the preclose technique in total percutaneous endovascular aortic repair (PEVAR).MethodsA systematic literature search of Medline database was conducted for series on PEVAR published between January 1999 and January 2012.ResultsThirty-six articles comprising 2,257 patients and 3,606 arterial accesses were included. Anatomical criteria used to exclude patients from undergoing PEVAR were not uniform across all series. The technical success rate was 94 % per arterial access. Failure was unilateral in the majority (93 %) of the 133 failed PEVAR cases. The groin complication rate in PEVAR was 3.6 %; a minority (1.6 %) of these groin complications required open surgery. The groin complication rate in failed PEVAR cases converted to groin cutdown was 6.1 %. A significantly higher technical success rate was achieved when arterial access was performed via ultrasound guidance. Technical failure rate was significantly higher with larger sheath size ({>=}20F). Conclusion. The preclose technique in PEVAR has a high technical success rate and a low groin complication rate. Technical success tends to increase with ultrasound-guided arterial access and decrease with larger access. When failure occurs, it is unilateral in the majority of cases, and conversion to surgical cutdown does not appear to increase the operative risk.

  13. The clinical effect of percutaneous kyphoplasty for the treatment of multiple osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures and the prevention of new vertebral fractures

    PubMed Central

    Zhai, Weifeng; Jia, Yongwei; Wang, Jianjie; Cheng, Liming; Zeng, Zhili; Yu, Yan; Chen, Lei

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the clinical effect of percutaneous kyphoplasty and the precautions against adjacent vertebral refractures in the treatment of multiple osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. 54 cases (128 vertebrae) with multiple osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures from July 2007 to December 2013 treated with percutaneous kyphoplasty were retrospectively reviewed. 36 cases of them suffered from bi-segment vertebral fractures, 16 cases with tri-segment vertebral fractures and 2 cases with quadri-segment vertebral fractures. The operative effect was evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS) score and oswestry disability index (ODI) score. Then the reasons for adjacent vertebral refractures were analyzed and the precautions were proposed. 54 cases (128 vertebrae) were admitted with percutaneous kyphoplasty successfully. No pulmonary embolism, spinal cord injury and other serious complications were found. The follow-up took 3-33 months with the average of 12 months. There was significant difference of VAS scores and ODI scores between pre-operation and post-operation (P<0.05). Bone cement leakage occurred in 23 vertebrae, and the incidence rate was 18.0%. 8 cases sustained adjacent vertebral refractures including 3 cases in the contiguous vertebral bodies and 5 cases in the interval vertebral bodies, and the incidence rate was 14.8%. 5 cases gained fracture healing after additional percutaneous kyphoplasty procedures while the other 3 cases were healed basically after conservative treatment for three months. In conclusion, percutaneous kyphoplasty is safe and effective to treat multiple osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. However, the risk of new adjacent vertebral fractures in the multiple osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures is higher than that in the single osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture. Timely and proper treatment can reduce refractures. PMID:26550284

  14. Primary reperfusion in acute right ventricular infarction: An observational study

    PubMed Central

    Lupi-Herrera, Eulo; González-Pacheco, Héctor; Juárez-Herrera, Úrsulo; Espinola-Zavaleta, Nilda; Chuquiure-Valenzuela, Eduardo; Villavicencio-Fernández, Ramón; Peña-Duque, Marco Antonio; Ban-Hayashi, Ernesto; Férez-Santander, Sergio

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the impact of primary reperfusion therapy (RT) on early and late mortality in acute right ventricular infarction (RVI). METHODS: RVI patients (n = 679) were prospectively classified as without right ventricular failure (RVF) (class A, n = 425, 64%), with RVF (class B, n = 158, 24%) or with cardiogenic shock (CS) (class C, n = 96, 12%). Of the 679 patients, 148 (21.7%) were considered to be eligible for thrombolytic therapy (TT) and 351 (51.6%) for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). TIMI 3-flow by TT was achieved for A, B and C RVI class in 65%, 64% and 0%, respectively and with PPCI in 93%, 91% and 87%, respectively. RESULTS: For class A without RT, the mortality rate was 7.9%, with TT was reduced to 4.4% (P < 0.01) and with PPCI to 3.2% (P < 0.01). Considering TT vs PPCI, PPCI was superior (P < 0.05). For class B without RT the mortality was 27%, decreased to 13% with TT (P < 0.01) and to 8.3% with PPCI (P < 0.01). In a TT and PPCI comparison, PPCI was superior (P < 0.01). For class C without RT the in-hospital mortality was 80%, with TT was 100% and with PPCI, the rate decreased to 44% (P < 0.01). At 8 years, the mortality rate without RT for class A was 32%, for class B was 48% and for class C was 85%. When PPCI was successful, the long-term mortality was lower than previously reported for the 3 RVI classes (A: 21%, B: 38%, C: 70%; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: PPCI is superior to TT and reduces short/long-term mortality for all RVI categories. RVI CS patients should be encouraged to undergo PPCI at a specialized center. PMID:24527184

  15. The use of intracardiac echocardiography during percutaneous pulmonary valve replacement.

    PubMed

    Awad, Sawsan M; Masood, Syed Asif; Gonzalez, Ismael; Cao, Qi-Ling; Abdulla, Ra-id; Heitschmidt, Mary G; Hijazi, Ziyad M

    2015-01-01

    High-quality live imaging assessment of cardiac valves and cardiac anatomy is crucial for the success of catheter-based procedures. We present our experience using Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) during transcatheter Percutaneous Pulmonary Valve replacement (tPVR).This is a retrospective study that included 35 patients who underwent tPVR between April 2008 and June 2012. Thirty-one of these patients had the procedure performed under continuous ICE guidance. Pre-procedure transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) was obtained in all patients. ICE was performed at baseline, during the procedure, and at the conclusion of the procedure. Comparisons between the pre-procedure TTE and baseline ICE data and between post-procedure ICE data and the following day TTE were performed. Total of 35 patients had tPVR during the above-mentioned time period. Twenty-one patients received the Edwards Sapien valve and 14 patients had the Melody valve. Thirty-one patients had the procedure performed under continuous ICE guidance. The mean Pre-TTE peak gradient (PG) and Pre-ICE-PG were 45.5 ± 20 vs 33 ± 13 mmHg (p < 0.001) and the mean Pre-TTE mean gradient (MG) and Pre-ICE-MG were 27.7 ± 13 vs 21 ± 18 mmHg (p < 0.001). The mean Post-TTE- PG and Post-ICE-PG were 24.3 ± 11 vs 15.3 ± 7 mmHg (p < 0.001) and the mean of the Post-TTE-MG and Post-ICE-MG were 14.2 ± 7 vs 8.4 ± 4 mmHg (p < 0.001). There was a good correlation between peak ICE and TTE gradient at baseline and after valve placement. For the degree of pulmonary regurgitation, there was no significant difference between TTE and ICE. ICE is an important modality to guide tPVR in patients with dysfunctional homograft valve between the right ventricle and pulmonary artery and should be used to assess valve function before, during and immediately after the procedure. PMID:25070389

  16. Small(pox) success?

    PubMed

    Birn, Anne-Emanuelle

    2011-02-01

    The 30th anniversary of the World Health Organization's (WHO) official certification of smallpox eradication was marked by a slew of events hailing the campaign's dramatic tale of technological and organizational triumph against an ancient scourge. Yet commemorations also serve as moments of critical reflection. This article questions the acclaim showered upon smallpox eradication as the single greatest public health success in history. It examines how and why smallpox eradication and WHO's concurrent social justice-oriented primary health care approach (following from the Declaration of Alma-Ata) became competing paradigms. It synthesizes critiques of eradication's shortcomings and debunks some of the myths surrounding the global eradication campaign as a public health priority and necessity, and as a Cold War victory of cooperation. The article concludes with thoughts on integrating technical and social-political aspects of health within the context of welfare states as the means to achieving widespread and enduring global public health success. PMID:21340334

  17. Primary Aldosteronism

    MedlinePLUS

    ... MD, MSc What is primary aldosteronism? Primary aldosteronism (PA) is a type of hyperaldosteronism. This condition occurs ... stroke may be even greater in people with PA than in other people with high blood pressure. ...

  18. A Comparison of Transjugular and Plugged-Percutaneous Liver Biopsy in Patients with Contraindications to Ordinary Percutaneous Liver Biopsy and an 'In-House' Protocol for Selecting the Procedure of Choice

    SciTech Connect

    Atar, Eli; Ben Ari, Ziv; Bachar, Gil N.; Amlinski, Yelena; Neyman, Chaim; Knizhnik, Michael; Litvin, Sergey; Schmilovitz-Weiss, Hemda; Shapiro, Riki; Bruckhaimer, Elchanan; Tur-Kaspa, Ran; Belenky, Alexander

    2010-06-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) and plugged-percutaneous liver biopsy (PB) in consecutive patients with severe liver disease associated with impaired coagulation, ascites, or both and to verify the in-house protocol used to select the appropriate procedure. In 2000-2006, 329 patients (208 male [62.8%] and 121 female [37.2%]), aged 1 month to 81 years (mean, 46.8 years), underwent 150 TJLBs (39.1%) or 233 PBs (60.9%) procedures at a major tertiary center, as determined by an in-house protocol. The groups were compared for specimen characteristics, technical success, and complications. Technical success rates were 97.4% for TJLB (146/150) and 99.1% for PB (231/233). TJLB was associated with a lower average core length (1.29 vs. 1.43 cm) and lower average number of specimens obtained (2.44 vs. 2.8), but both methods yielded sufficient tissue for a definitive diagnosis. There were no major complications in either group. TJLB and PB can be safely and effectively performed for the diagnosis of hepatic disease in patients with contraindications for standard percutaneous liver biopsy. When both are technically available, we suggest PB as the procedure of choice, especially in transplanted livers.

  19. A comparison of transjugular and plugged-percutaneous liver biopsy in patients with contraindications to ordinary percutaneous liver biopsy and an "in-house" protocol for selecting the procedure of choice.

    PubMed

    Atar, Eli; Ben Ari, Ziv; Bachar, Gil N; Amlinski, Yelena; Neyman, Chaim; Knizhnik, Michael; Litvin, Sergey; Schmilovitz-Weiss, Hemda; Shapiro, Riki; Bruckhaimer, Elchanan; Tur-Kaspa, Ran; Belenky, Alexander

    2010-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) and plugged-percutaneous liver biopsy (PB) in consecutive patients with severe liver disease associated with impaired coagulation, ascites, or both and to verify the in-house protocol used to select the appropriate procedure. In 2000-2006, 329 patients (208 male [62.8%] and 121 female [37.2%]), aged 1 month to 81 years (mean, 46.8 years), underwent 150 TJLBs (39.1%) or 233 PBs (60.9%) procedures at a major tertiary center, as determined by an in-house protocol. The groups were compared for specimen characteristics, technical success, and complications. Technical success rates were 97.4% for TJLB (146/150) and 99.1% for PB (231/233). TJLB was associated with a lower average core length (1.29 vs. 1.43 cm) and lower average number of specimens obtained (2.44 vs. 2.8), but both methods yielded sufficient tissue for a definitive diagnosis. There were no major complications in either group. TJLB and PB can be safely and effectively performed for the diagnosis of hepatic disease in patients with contraindications for standard percutaneous liver biopsy. When both are technically available, we suggest PB as the procedure of choice, especially in transplanted livers. PMID:19908088

  20. Novel Application of Percutaneous Cryotherapy for the Treatment of Recurrent Oral Bleeding From a Noninvoluting Congenital Hemangioma Involving the Right Buccal Space and Maxillary Tuberosity

    SciTech Connect

    Salehian, Sepand; Gemmete, Joseph J.; Kasten, Steven; Edwards, Sean P.

    2011-02-15

    Cryotherapy is the application of varying extremes of cold temperatures to destroy abnormal tissue. The intent of this article is to describe a novel technique using percutaneous cryotherapy for treating a noninvoluting congenital craniofacial hemangioma (NICH). An 18-year-old woman with type 1 von Willebrand's disease, as well as a qualitative platelet aggregation disorder, presented with multiple recurrent episodes of oral bleeding from a NICH involving the right buccal space and maxillary tuberosity. The patient was initially treated with a combination of endovascular particulate embolization, percutaneous sclerotherapy, tissue cauterization, and laser therapy between the ages of 4 and 8 years of age. At 18 years of age, the patient presented with recurrent episodes of oral bleeding related to the NICH. Endovascular embolization was performed using particulate and a liquid embolic agent with limited success. Due to the refractory nature of this bleeding, the patient underwent successful lesion ablation using percutaneous cryotherapy. At 9-month follow-up, the patient is asymptomatic with no episodes of recurrent bleeding.

  1. Woven Coronary Artery Disease Successfully Managed with Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A New Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Alsancak, Yakup; Sezenoz, Burak; Turkoglu, Sedat; Abac?, Adnan

    2015-01-01

    Woven coronary artery is relatively rare and can be complicated in both acute and chronic phases. A few case reports have been published until now. Herein we report a case with right woven coronary artery managed with drug-eluted stent implantation without complication. PMID:26491572

  2. Percutaneous Cryoablation for Successful Treatment of a Persistent Urine Leak after Robotic-Assisted Partial Nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Ward, Thomas J; Ahmed, Osmanuddin; Chung, Benjamin I; Sze, Daniel Y; Hwang, Gloria L

    2015-12-01

    Urine leak after nephron-sparing surgery is a difficult and morbid situation that may delay recovery and necessitate additional hospitalization and intervention. The use of cryoablation to treat a 34-year-old woman with persistent urine leak after robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy is described. Surgery was performed to treat ureteral duplication that resulted in recurrent urinary tract infections and back pain. Cryoablation was performed with computed tomography guidance, targeting urine extravasation observed after the administration of intravenous contrast medium. Imaging performed after ablation confirmed resolution of the urine leak; renal function was preserved. PMID:26596181

  3. Artificial pleural effusion in percutaneous microwave ablation of hepatic tumors near the diaphragm under the guidance of ultrasound

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Gang; Sun, Yao; Cong, Lin; Jing, Xuehong; Yu, Jing

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of artificial pleural effusion in percutaneous microwave ablation of hepatic tumors near the diaphragm under ultrasound guidance. Methods: For localization and navigation of tumors near the dome of the diaphragm by ultrasound during microwave ablation in 14 tumors of 11 cases, artificial pleural effusion was performed in the volume of 1000~1500 ml of Normal saline or 5% Glucose injection solution via the right thoracic cavity. The tumor marker, AFP was monitored before and after operation in 6 times in a period of 2 years. We analyzed the successful rate and effectiveness of artificial pleural effusion. Results: The successful rate of artificial pleural effusion was 100% without complications. Artificial hydrothorax on the right eliminated the interference of intrapulmonary gas to the visualization of hepatic tumors near the diaphragm on ultrasound. In the follow-up of 2 years, the ablation rate reached to 92.9% with no serious complications. The AFP value before operation was in significant statistical difference with the others after operation (P = 0.000). Conclusions: Artificial pleural effusion aids the visualization of hepatic tumors near the diaphragm on ultrasound. A good therapeutic effectiveness can be reached in percutaneous microwave ablation of tumors in the hepatic dome under the guidance of ultrasound. PMID:26629218

  4. Delivery of gelfoam-enabled cells and vectors into the pericardial space using a percutaneous approach in a porcine model.

    PubMed

    Ladage, D; Turnbull, I C; Ishikawa, K; Takewa, Y; Rapti, K; Morel, C; Karakikes, I; Hadri, L; Müller-Ehmsen, J; Costa, K D; Hajjar, R J; Kawase, Y

    2011-10-01

    Intrapericardial drug delivery is a promising procedure, with the ability to localize therapeutics with the heart. Gelfoam particles are nontoxic, inexpensive, nonimmunogenic and biodegradable compounds that can be used to deliver therapeutic agents. We developed a new percutaneous approach method for intrapericardial injection, puncturing the pericardial sac safely under fluoroscopy and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance. In a porcine model of myocardial infarction (MI), we deployed gelfoam particles carrying either (a) autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) or (b) an adenovirus encoding enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) 48?h post-MI. The presence of MSCs and viral infection at the infarct zone was confirmed by immunoflourescence and PCR. Puncture was performed successfully in 16 animals. Using IVUS, we successfully determined the size of the pericardial space before the puncture, and safely accessed that space in setting of pericardial effusion and also adhesions induced by the MI. Intrapericardial injection of gelfoam was safe and reliable. Presence of the MSCs and eGFP expression from adenovirus in the myocardium were confirmed after delivery. Our novel percutaneous approach to deliver (stem-) cells or adenovirus was safe and efficient in this pre-clinical model. IVUS-guided delivery is a minimally invasive procedure that seems to be a promising new strategy to deliver therapeutic agents locally to the heart. PMID:21512506

  5. Percutaneous transapical access for pulmonary vein mapping and ablation in a porcine model with a new high-density electroanatomical mapping system

    PubMed Central

    Bollmann, Andreas; Kosiuk, Jedrzej; Hilbert, Sebastian; John, Silke; Hindricks, Gerhard

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: The porcine model is generally accepted for the development and testing of new forms oftherapy including ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the challenging left atrial (LA) and pulmonary vein (PV) anatomy enables only limited percutaneous catheter-based PV access. Results: Here we present I) an alternative percutaneous transapical access, which enables easy and safe retrograde transmitral LA and PV mapping and ablation; II) early experience of LA mapping and successful circumferential PV isolation with novel mapping system (RhythmiaTM) and new generation of ablation catheter equipped with micro electrodes (IntellaTip MiFi). Conclusion: Although the experience with the transapical approach is limited, the initial results are promising as this may offer an alternative approach for tasting new technologies and translational research. PMID:26550175

  6. Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery versus Percutaneous Lithotripsy to Treat Renal Stones 2-3?cm in Diameter

    PubMed Central

    Zengin, Kursad; Tanik, Serhat; Sener, Nevzat Can; Albayrak, Sebahattin; Tuygun, Can; Bakirtas, Hasan; Imamoglu, M. Abdurrahim; Gurdal, Mesut

    2015-01-01

    Objective. Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) performed using a flexible ureterorenoscope marked the beginning of a new era in urology. Today, even staghorn stones are successfully treated via RIRS. The recommended treatment for larger stones is percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). However, the question of whether PNL or RIRS should be the first-line treatment option for larger stones remains controversial. In this study, we contribute to the debate by comparing the success and complication rates of PNL and RIRS that were used to treat renal pelvis stones 2-3?cm in diameter. Materials and Methods. The medical records of 154 patients (74 PNL, 80 RIRS) were retrospectively evaluated. PNL patients were placed in Group 1 and RIRS patients in Group 2. Results. The complete stone-free rates were 95.5% in the PNL group and 80.6% in the RIRS group 1 month postoperatively (P = 0.061). The respective complication rates (evaluated using the Clavien system) were 13.5% and 8.8% (P = 0.520). Conclusions. RIRS affords a comparable success rate, causes fewer complications than PNL, and seems to be a promising alternative to PNL when larger stones are to be treated. Prospective randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm these findings. PMID:25821828

  7. Technical Considerations in Percutaneous Hepatic Perfusion—A Multi-Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    Antoine, Radcliffe A.

    2011-01-01

    Abstract: Patients diagnosed with primary or metastatic liver cancer face a daunting future that is complicated by limited treatment options. Percutaneous hepatic perfusion is a novel approach to chemotherapy delivery that offers significant benefits over contemporary modalities. Percutaneous hepatic perfusion is a procedure in which a chemotherapeutic agent is administered at high doses via the hepatic artery where it perfuses the liver, is extracted and filtered using a veno-veno bypass circuit, a fenestrated multi-lumen double-balloon catheter, and two biocompatible hemoperfusion filters. Venous access is gained at the groin through the femoral vein after which the catheter is advanced and positioned in the inferior vena cava just below the right atrium. The catheter’s proximal and distal balloons are inflated to occlude the inferior vena cava above and below the hepatic veins. The occlusion isolated the chemo-rich venous outflow of the liver from the systemic venous circulation. This maneuver also diverts venous blood returning to the heart from lower extremities of the azygos vein. Once the patient is on bypass, the agent is infused through the hepatic artery where it saturates the liver. The chemorich venous outflow is extracted through the double-balloon catheter by the bypass circuit. The blood is continuously filtered and cleared of the agent as it passes through the filters and returned to the patient through a catheter placed in the right internal jugular vein. A phase I study demonstrated efficacy with an overall radiographic response rate of 30% observed in treated patients. In 10 patients with ocular melanoma, a 50% overall response rate was observed, including two complete responses. The technique is minimally invasive and can be performed safely by a well-trained multi-disciplinary team. It offers significant benefits including multiple procedures without risks commonly associated with open abdominal surgery. PMID:21449232

  8. Radiofrequency ablation or percutaneous ethanol injection for the treatment of liver tumors

    PubMed Central

    Ansari, Daniel; Andersson, Roland

    2012-01-01

    The liver is a common location of both primary and secondary malignancies. For unresectable liver cancer, many local ablative therapies have been developed. These include e.g., percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI), percutaneous acetic acid injection, radiofrequency ablation (RFA), cryoablation, microwave ablation, laser-induced thermotherapy, and high-intensity focused ultrasound. RFA has recently gained interest and is the most widely applied thermoablative technique. RFA allows more effective tumor control in fewer treatment sessions compared with PEI, but with a higher rate of complications. However, there are certain circumstances where PEI therapy represents a better strategy to control liver tumors than RFA, especially in situations where RFA is difficult, for example when large vessels surround the tumor. In the context of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), both RFA and PEI are feasible and of benefit in non-operable patients. RFA seems superior to PEI in HCC > 2 cm, and the combination of interventions may be of benefit in selected patients. Liver resection is superior to RFA for patients with HCC meeting the Milan criteria, but RFA can be employed in tumors ? 3 cm and where there is an increased expected operative mortality. In addition, some lines of evidence indicate that RFA and PEI can be employed as a bridge to liver transplantation. The use of RFA in colorectal liver metastases is currently limited to unresectable disease and for patients unfit for surgery. The aim of this article is to summarize the current status of RFA in the management of liver tumors and compare it to the cheap and readily available technique of PEI. PMID:22416173

  9. Treatment of muscle haematomas in haemophiliacs with special emphasis on percutaneous drainage.

    PubMed

    De la Corte-Rodriguez, Hortensia; Rodriguez-Merchan, E Carlos

    2014-12-01

    Between 10 and 23% of bleeding episodes in the musculoskeletal system of haemophilia patients occur in the muscles. Until now, the most widely accepted treatment for muscle haematomas in patients with haemophilia has been a combination of rehabilitation and intravenous infusion of replacement clotting factor, until the haematoma completely disappears. The only way to prevent muscle bleeds in haemophilia is primary haematological prophylaxis (from cradle to college). Home treatment is currently the standard of care for patients with severe haemophilia. When a muscle bleed is suspected, confirmation must be achieved by means of imaging tests (ultrasound, MRI, CT). Then, immediate (early) enhanced on-demand haematological treatment must be started until the full disappearance of the haematoma. If untreated, muscle bleeds can cause complications such as nerve injury, compartment syndrome, myositis ossificans, pseudotumour, and even infection (abscess). Currently, the literature for muscle hematomas in the nonhaemophiliac population suggests that ultrasound-guided percutaneous drainage, or surgical drainage performed as open surgery if percutaneous drainage fails, could be beneficial in terms of achieving better and faster symptom relief. Ultrasound-guided haematoma evacuation is a well tolerated procedure. However, the proportion of unsuccessful evacuations and hematoma recurrence is substantial (13%). Such a rate of unsuccessful evacuation is because of excessive density and/or viscosity of the content. Ideally, haematoma evacuation must be performed before 3-5 days since the beginning of the muscular bleed. Although we have not found publications about ultrasound-guided decompression of muscle haematomas in haemophilia, the current status of progress in both the haematological and ultrasound fields leads us to think that this technique should be increasingly considered for the treatment of haemophilia patients, especially in the case of large haematomas in the liquid phase. PMID:24914744

  10. Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment for Hepatic Artery Stenosis after Liver Transplantation: The Role of Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Vidjak, Vinko; Nova?i?, Karlo; Matijevi?, Filip; Kavur, Lovro; Slavica, Marko; Mrzljak, Anna; Filipec-Kanižaj, Tajana; Leder, Nikola Ivan; Škegro, Dinko

    2015-01-01

    Summary Background To retrospectively analyze the outcomes of interventional radiology treatment of patients with hepatic artery stenosis (HAS) after liver transplantation at our Institution. Material/Methods Hepatic artery stenosis was diagnosed and treated by endovascular technique in 8 (2.8%) patients, who underwent liver transplantation between July 2007 and July 2011. Patients entered the follow-up period, during which we analyzed hepatic artery patency with Doppler ultrasound at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after percutaneous endovascular treatment (PTA), and every six months thereafter. Results During the 12-month follow-up period, 6 out of 8 patients (75%) were asymptomatic with patent hepatic artery, which was confirmed by multislice computed tomography (MSCT) angiography, or color Doppler (CD) ultrasound. One patient had a fatal outcome of unknown cause, and one patient underwent orthotopic liver retransplantation (re-OLT) procedure due to graft failure. Conclusions Our results suggest that HAS angioplasty and stenting are minimally invasive and safe endovascular procedures that represent a good alternative to open surgery, with good 12-month follow-up patency results comparable to surgery. PMID:26150902

  11. Percutaneous Dorsal Instrumentation of Vertebral Burst Fractures: Value of Additional Percutaneous Intravertebral Reposition—Cadaver Study

    PubMed Central

    Krüger, Antonio; Schmuck, Maya; Noriega, David C.; Ruchholtz, Steffen; Baroud, Gamal; Oberkircher, Ludwig

    2015-01-01

    Purpose. The treatment of vertebral burst fractures is still controversial. The aim of the study is to evaluate the purpose of additional percutaneous intravertebral reduction when combined with dorsal instrumentation. Methods. In this biomechanical cadaver study twenty-eight spine segments (T11-L3) were used (male donors, mean age 64.9 ± 6.5 years). Burst fractures of L1 were generated using a standardised protocol. After fracture all spines were allocated to four similar groups and randomised according to surgical techniques (posterior instrumentation; posterior instrumentation + intravertebral reduction device + cement augmentation; posterior instrumentation + intravertebral reduction device without cement; and intravertebral reduction device + cement augmentation). After treatment, 100000 cycles (100–600?N, 3?Hz) were applied using a servohydraulic loading frame. Results. Overall anatomical restoration was better in all groups where the intravertebral reduction device was used (p < 0.05). In particular, it was possible to restore central endplates (p > 0.05). All techniques decreased narrowing of the spinal canal. After loading, clearance could be maintained in all groups fitted with the intravertebral reduction device. Narrowing increased in the group treated with dorsal instrumentation. Conclusions. For height and anatomical restoration, the combination of an intravertebral reduction device with dorsal instrumentation showed significantly better results than sole dorsal instrumentation. PMID:26137481

  12. Successful Predictions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pierrehumbert, R.

    2012-12-01

    In an observational science, it is not possible to test hypotheses through controlled laboratory experiments. One can test parts of the system in the lab (as is done routinely with infrared spectroscopy of greenhouse gases), but the collective behavior cannot be tested experimentally because a star or planet cannot be brought into the lab; it must, instead, itself be the lab. In the case of anthropogenic global warming, this is all too literally true, and the experiment would be quite exciting if it weren't for the unsettling fact that we and all our descendents for the forseeable future will have to continue making our home in the lab. There are nonetheless many routes though which the validity of a theory of the collective behavior can be determined. A convincing explanation must not be a"just-so" story, but must make additional predictions that can be verified against observations that were not originally used in formulating the theory. The field of Earth and planetary climate has racked up an impressive number of such predictions. I will also admit as "predictions" statements about things that happened in the past, provided that observations or proxies pinning down the past climate state were not available at the time the prediction was made. The basic prediction that burning of fossil fuels would lead to an increase of atmospheric CO2, and that this would in turn alter the Earth's energy balance so as to cause tropospheric warming, is one of the great successes of climate science. It began in the lineage of Fourier, Tyndall and Arrhenius, and was largely complete with the the radiative-convective modeling work of Manabe in the 1960's -- all well before the expected warming had progressed far enough to be observable. Similarly, long before the increase in atmospheric CO2 could be detected, Bolin formulated a carbon cycle model and used it to predict atmospheric CO2 out to the year 2000; the actual values come in at the high end of his predicted range, for reasons I shall discuss. During the dark ages of global change, between Arrhenius and Plass (punctuated by Callendar), work on planetary climate had not in fact ground to a halt, but developed vigorously in the astronomical community. This culminated in major discoveries about the atmospheres of Mars and Venus, notably Sagan's prediction that Venus has an extremely high surface temperature owing to an atmosphere extremely rich in greenhouse gases. The fertile interplay between astrophysics and terrestrial climate science continues in the current dawning era of exoplanet discovery. Early modeling work, notably by Manabe and co-workers, identified a number of spatial patterns of global change that were ultimately realized in data. These include: amplification of warming over land and in the Arctic, and the conjunction of stratospheric cooling with tropospheric warming. Additional examples I will discuss include the problem of tropical temperatures at the Last Glacial Maximum, water vapor feedback, Hansen's prediction of response to the Pinatubo eruption, and the prediction that ocean heat uptake would delay warming. While not all aspects of climate change were anticipated in advance (notably the interruption of warming around 1950-1970), examples of truly failed predictions are rare, and are overwhelmingly found among theories such as those of Angstrom or Lindzen which purport to show little sensitivity of climate to CO2.

  13. Prognostic value of total bilirubin in patients with angina pectoris undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Yao, Hai-Mu; Shen, De-Liang; Zhao, Xiao-Yan; Wang, Xiao-Fang; Sun, Tong-Wen; Zhang, Jin-Ying; Li, Ling; Zhao, Luo-Sha

    2015-01-01

    Background: Bilirubin is a potent antioxidant and previous studies have reported the relationship between low serum bilirubin concentration and atherosclerosis. Objective: To evaluate the prognostic value of serum total bilirubin (STB) in patients with angina pectoris undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: In total of 1419 patients (931 men, mean age 60.9±10.5 years) with angina pectoris who had undergone successfully percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were included in this study. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the median baseline STB (0.49 mg/dL in this cohort), which was measured before the PCI. Patients with a STB ?0.49 mg/dL were classified into the high STB group and those with a STB <0.49 mg/dL were classified into the low STB group. Results: The incidence of in-hospital mortality and myocardial infraction was similar in the two groups. After a mean follow-up of 29.0±7.6 months, the incidence of death/myocardial infarction/stroke was significantly higher in low STB group compared with high STB group. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that low STB was an independent predictor of death/myocardial infarction/stroke (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.59, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.04-2.41, P = 0.031). The cumulative survival rate free from death/myocardial infarction/stroke was lower in low STB group than in high STB group (P = 0.002). Conclusion: Low STB levels before PCI is an independent predictor of long-term adverse clinical outcomes in patients with angina pectoris. PMID:26629096

  14. Percutaneous Treatment of Iatrogenic Pseudoaneurysms by Cyanoacrylate-Based Wall-Gluing

    SciTech Connect

    Del Corso, Andrea; Vergaro, Giuseppe

    2013-06-15

    Purpose. Although the majority of iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms (PSAs) are amenable to ultrasound (US)-guided thrombin injection, patients with those causing neuropathy, claudication, significant venous compression, or soft tissue necrosis are considered poor candidates for this option and referred to surgery. We aimed to test the effectiveness and feasibility of a novel percutaneous cyanoacrylate glue (NBCA-MS)-based technique for treatment of symptomatic and asymptomatic iatrogenic PSA. Material and Methods. During a 3-year period, we prospectively enrolled 91 patients with iatrogenic PSA [total n = 94 (femoral n = 76; brachial n = 11; radial n = 6; axillary n = 1)]. PSA were asymptomatic in 66 % of cases, and 34 % presented with symptoms due to neuropathy, venous compression, and/or soft tissue necrosis. All patients signed informed consent. All patients received NBCA-MS-based percutaneous treatment. PSA chamber emptying was first obtained by US-guided compression; superior and inferior walls of the PSA chamber were then stuck together using NBCA-MS microinjections. Successfulness of the procedure was assessed immediately and at 1-day and 1-, 3-, and 12-month US follow-up. Results. PSA occlusion rate was 99 % (93 of 94 cases). After treatment, mean PSA antero-posterior diameter decrease was 67 {+-} 22 %. Neuropathy and vein compression immediately disappeared in 91 % (29 of 32) of cases. Patients with tissue necrosis (n = 6) underwent subsequent outpatient necrosectomy. No distal embolization occurred, nor was conversion to surgery necessary. Conclusion. PSA treatment by way of NBCA-MS glue injection proved to be safe and effective in asymptomatic patients as well as those with neuropathy, venous compression, or soft-tissue necrosis (currently candidates for surgery). Larger series are needed to confirm these findings.

  15. Percutaneous Vein Occlusion with Small Intestinal Submucosa: An Experimental Pilot Study in Swine and Sheep

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Man Deuk; Hoppe, Hanno; Pavcnik, Dusan Kaufman, John A.; Uchida, Barry T.; Correa, Luiz O.; Timmermans, Hans A.; Park, Won Kyu; Corless, Christopher L.; Keller, Frederick S.; Roesch, Josef

    2007-07-15

    Purpose. The objective of this study was to investigate the feasibility, outcomes, and amount of small intestinal submucosa (SIS) material needed for embolization of jugular vein (JV) in a swine and sheep model. Our hypothesis was that SIS would cause vein occlusion. Materials and Methods. The external JVs (EJV) in swine (n = 6) and JVs in sheep (n = 6) were occluded with SIS fan-folded compressed strips. After percutaneous puncture of the peripheral portion of the EJV or JV, a TIPS set was used to exit their lumen centrally through the skin. The SIS strips were delivered into the isolated venous segment with a pull-through technique via a 10-Fr sheath. Follow-up venograms were done immediately after placement and at the time of sacrifice at 1 or 3 months. Gross examinations focused on the EJV or JV and their surrounding structures. Specimens were evaluated by histology. Results. SIS strip(s) placement was successful in all cases, with immediate vein occlusion seen in 23 of 24 veins (95.8%). All EJVs treated with two strips and all JVs treated with three or four strips remained closed on 1- and 3-month follow-up venograms. Two EJVs treated with one strip and one JV treated with two strips were partially patent on venograms at 1 and 3 months. There has been one skin inflammatory reaction. Necropsies revealed excluded EJV or JV segments with SIS incorporation into the vein wall. Histology demonstrated various stages of SIS remodeling with fibrocytes, fibroblasts, endothelial cells, capillaries, and inflammatory cells. Conclusion. We conclude that EJV and JV ablation with SIS strips using percutaneous exit catheterization is feasible and effective in animal models. Further exploration of SIS as vein ablation material is recommended.

  16. Percutaneous Transhepatic Endoscopic Holmium Laser Lithotripsy for Intrahepatic and Choledochal Biliary Stones

    SciTech Connect

    Rimon, Uri; Kleinmann, Nir; Bensaid, Paul; Golan, Gil; Garniek, Alexander; Khaitovich, Boris; Winkler, Harry

    2011-12-15

    Purpose: To report our approach for treating complicated biliary calculi by percutaneous transhepatic endoscopic biliary holmium laser lithotripsy (PTBL). Patients and Methods: Twenty-two symptomatic patients (11 men and 11 women, age range 51 to 88 years) with intrahepatic or common bile duct calculi underwent PTBL. Nine patients had undergone previous gastrectomy and small-bowel anastomosis, thus precluding endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. In the other 13 patients, stone removal attempts by ERCP failed due to failed access or very large calculi. We used a 7.5F flexible ureteroscope and a 200-{mu}m holmium laser fiber by way of a percutaneous transhepatic tract, with graded fluoroscopy, to fragment the calculi with direct vision. Balloon dilatation was added when a stricture was seen. The procedure was performed with the patient under general anaesthesia. A biliary drainage tube was left at the end of the procedure. Results: All stones were completely fragmented and flushed into the small bowel under direct vision except for one patient in whom the procedure was aborted. In 18 patients, 1 session sufficed, and in 3 patients, 2 sessions were needed. In 7 patients, balloon dilatation was performed for benign stricture after Whipple operation (n = 3), for choledochalenteric anastomosis (n = 3), and for recurrent cholangitis (n = 1). Adjunctive 'balloon push' (n = 4) and 'rendezvous' (n = 1) procedures were needed to completely clean the biliary tree. None of these patients needed surgery. Conclusion: Complicated or large biliary calculi can be treated successfully using PTBL. We suggest that this approach should become the first choice of treatment before laparoscopic or open surgery is considered.

  17. Treatment of Skin Depression with Combined Upward Suture Traction and Percutaneous Subcision

    PubMed Central

    Bins-Ely, Jorge; Paulo, Elizabeth Machado; Lee, Kuang Hee

    2015-01-01

    Background: Scar retraction and soft-tissue depression may compromise aesthetics and cause social embarrassment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of treating soft-tissue depressions or retractions at varied anatomy regions with combined upward suture traction and percutaneous subcision. Methods: There were 40 patients (age: mean, 39 years; range, 22–55 years; 39 women and 1 man) (total, 77 soft-tissue lesions) who had treatment with the present technique from 1996 to 2013. Postoperative follow-up was from 6 months to 2 years. The treated anatomic areas were evaluated in 5 groups: (1) face (8 patients; 8 lesions); (2) gluteal (16 patients; 46 lesions); (3) breast (7 patients; 10 lesions); (4) abdomen (7 patients; 7 lesions); and (5) lower limb (2 patients; 6 lesions). The technique included placing a 2-0 nylon monofilament suture deep at the core of the depression, pulling vertically up with the suture, and using a needle or miniblade (placed percutaneously or through a small incision) to release the adhesions. Results: The depressions were released successfully in all patients. Bruises around treated areas persisted for 2–3 weeks. Moderate induration persisted until 3 months. In the gluteal region, 6 patients who had retracted areas with diameter >5 cm developed seroma after treatment; the seromas resolved after needle aspiration or placement of a Penrose drain for 2 weeks (2 patients). Conclusion: The present results confirmed the efficacy of the combined subcision method with upward traction at diverse body sites as previously reported for inverted nipple in the breast. PMID:26579340

  18. Is the Routine Check Nephrostogram Following Percutaneous Antegrade Ureteric Stent Placement Necessary?

    SciTech Connect

    Soh, Keng Chuan; Tay, Kiang Hiong Tan, Bien Soo; MM Htoo, Austin; HG Lo, Richard; Lin, Shueh En

    2008-05-15

    Our aim was to review our experience with percutaneous antegrade ureteric stent (PAUS) placement and to determine if the routinely conducted check nephrostogram on the day following ureteric stent placement was necessary. Retrospective review of patients who had undergone PAUS placement between January 2004 and December 2005 was performed. There were 83 subjects (36 males, 47 females), with a mean age of 59.9 years (range, 22-94 years). Average follow-up duration was 7.1 months (range, 1-24 months). The most common indications for PAUS placement were ureteric obstruction due to metastatic disease (n = 56) and urinary calculi (n = 34). Technical success was 93.2% (96/103 attempts), with no major immediate procedure-related complications or mortalities. The Bard 7Fr Urosoft DJ Stent was used in more than 95% of the cases. Eighty-one of 89 (91.0%) check nephrostograms demonstrated a patent ureteric stent with resultant safety catheter removal. Three check nephrostograms revealed distal stent migration requiring repositioning by a goose-snare, while five others showed stent occlusion necessitating permanent external drainage by nephrostomy drainage catheter reinsertion. Following PAUS placement, the serum creatinine level improved or stabilized in 82% of patients. The serum creatinine outcome difference between the groups with benign and malignant indications for PAUS placement was not statistically significant (p = 0.145) but resolution of hydronephrosis was significantly better (p = 0.008) in patients with benign indications. Percutaneous antegrade ureteric stent placement is a safe and effective means of relief for ureteric obstruction. The check nephrostogram following ureteric stent placement was unnecessary in the majority of patients.

  19. High-density percutaneous chronic connector for neural prosthetics

    DOEpatents

    Shah, Kedar G.; Bennett, William J.; Pannu, Satinderpall S.

    2015-09-22

    A high density percutaneous chronic connector, having first and second connector structures each having an array of magnets surrounding a mounting cavity. A first electrical feedthrough array is seated in the mounting cavity of the first connector structure and a second electrical feedthrough array is seated in the mounting cavity of the second connector structure, with a feedthrough interconnect matrix positioned between a top side of the first electrical feedthrough array and a bottom side of the second electrical feedthrough array to electrically connect the first electrical feedthrough array to the second electrical feedthrough array. The two arrays of magnets are arranged to attract in a first angular position which connects the first and second connector structures together and electrically connects the percutaneously connected device to the external electronics, and to repel in a second angular position to facilitate removal of the second connector structure from the first connector structure.

  20. Functional Status and Search for Meaning After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Skaggs, Brenda G; Yates, Bernice C

    2016-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in the search for meaning and functional status (psychological and physical) between persons who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention and have recurrent angina symptoms and those who do not have recurrent symptoms. Participants (224; 147 male, 77 female) who underwent PCI completed the following study materials: Meaning in Heart Disease instrument, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and SF36v2™. Persons with recurrent angina symptoms (40% of the sample) were more likely to have higher disrupted meaning, greater anxiety, greater depression, lower physical functioning, and greater use of meaning-based coping (searching for answers and refocusing global meaning) compared with individuals without recurrent symptoms. Interventions are needed to identify the risk of recurrent symptoms after percutaneous coronary intervention and provide coping and cognitive behavioral interventions focused on managing the psychological and physical disruptions. PMID:25512267

  1. Hypoplastic left heart syndrome – a review of supportive percutaneous treatment

    PubMed Central

    Moszura, Tomasz; Dry?ek, Pawe?

    2014-01-01

    Due to the complex anatomical and haemodynamic consequences of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), patients with the condition require multistage surgical and supportive interventional treatment. Percutaneous interventions may be required between each stage of surgical palliation, sometimes simultaneously with surgery as hybrid interventions, or after completion of multistage treatment. Recent advances in the field of interventional cardiology, including new devices and techniques, have significantly contributed to improving results of multistage HLHS palliation. Knowledge of the potential interventional options as well as the limitation of percutaneous interventions will enable the creation of safe and effective treatment protocols in this highly challenging group of patients. In this comprehensive review we discuss the types, goals, and potential complications of transcatheter interventions in patients with HLHS. PMID:25489307

  2. Recent advancement or less invasive treatment of percutaneous nephrolithotomy

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Since its initial introduction in 1976, percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has been widely performed for the management of large renal stones and currently is recommended for staghorn calculi, kidney stones larger than 2 cm, and shock wave lithotripsy-resistant lower pole stones greater than 1 cm. However, except for open and laparoscopic surgery, PCNL is the most invasive of the minimally invasive stone surgery techniques. Over the years, technical and instrumental advances have been made in PCNL to reduce morbidity and improve effectiveness. A thorough review of the recent literature identified five major areas of progress for the advancement of PCNL: patient positioning, method of percutaneous access, development of lithotriptors, miniaturized access tracts, and postoperative nephrostomy tube management. This review provides an overview of recent advancements in PCNL and the outcomes of each area of progress and notes how much we achieve with less invasive PCNL. This information may allow us to consider the future role and future developments of PCNL. PMID:26366273

  3. Hemostatic Plug: Novel Technique for Closure of Percutaneous Nephrostomy Tract

    PubMed Central

    Cicic, Arman; Jump, Roger W.; Davalos, Julio G.

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a standard treatment for patients with large or complex kidney stones. The procedure has traditionally included postoperative placement of a nephrostomy tube to allow for drainage and possible reentry. This practice was first implemented after complications incurred after tubeless PCNL in a small patient population. Recently, tubeless PCNL has reemerged as a viable option for selected patients, resulting in decreased pain and analgesic use, shorter hospitalization, quicker return to normal activity, and decreased urine extravasation. Gelatin matrix sealants are occasionally used in nephrostomy tract closure. Techniques for delivery of these agents have been ill described, and placement may be performed with varying results. We present a literature review comparing tubeless PCNL to its traditional variant with indications for use of each, as well as a comparison of agents used in closure. Finally, we outline a novel, reproducible technique for closure of the dilated percutaneous renal access tract. PMID:25157538

  4. Percutaneous interdigital injection of Mycobacterium bovis as a model for tuberculous lesion development in wild brushtail possums (Trichosurus vulpecula).

    PubMed

    Nugent, G; Whitford, E J; Yockney, I; Perry, M; Tompkins, D M; Holtslag, N; Cross, M L

    2013-01-01

    Brushtail possums (Trichosurus vulpecula) are the major wildlife reservoir of Mycobacterium bovis, the causative agent of bovine tuberculosis (BTB), in New Zealand. Primary diagnosis of BTB in wild possums is by palpation to detect peripheral lymphadenomegaly followed by necropsy examination, which frequently identifies gross tuberculous lesions in the peripheral lymph nodes and lungs. Experimental infection studies were conducted with wild possums in an attempt to emulate field BTB, focussing on percutaneous administration of virulent M. bovis in the paws. In a preliminary study, viable M. bovis bacilli were recovered from lymph nodes draining fore- or hindlimbs 12 days after percutaneous injection. Subsequently, 21 wild possums were injected interdigitally with 500 colony forming units (cfu) of M. bovis, radio-collared and released; 17/18 possums recaptured 8 weeks later had an established M. bovis lymphatic infection, with 16 having culture-positive gross lesions in the superficial and/or deep axillary lymph nodes. A dual-site infection model was established, involving simultaneous interdigital injection of 100 cfu of M. bovis into front and rear paws of 19 wild possums; this identified that the average degree of lymphadenitis involved 30-fold enlargement of the draining lymph node by 7-8 weeks post injection (wpi). A time-course study demonstrated establishment of M. bovis infection in peripheral lymph nodes of 9/11 possums at 3-5 wpi of doses ranging from 60 to 190 cfu, but with no development of gross lesions; by 7 weeks, 8/8 animals injected similarly had both an established infection and gross lesions of peripheral lymph nodes. The incidence and progression of peripheral lesion development, together with indications of sequential infection of the lungs, liver and mesenteric lymph nodes(MLNs), indicates that a low-dose percutaneous M. bovis infection model is likely to emulate natural disease in possums. PMID:22749650

  5. Image-guided percutaneous internal fixation of sacral fracture.

    PubMed

    Kinon, Merritt D; Desai, Rupen; Loriaux, Daniel; Houten, John K

    2016-01-01

    Percutaneous iliosacral screw placement is a technically challenging procedure with a significant complication profile for misplaced screws. The use of stereotactic image guidance has been shown to provide superior accuracy in the placement of spinal instrumentation. Here, the authors describe a novel application of O-arm technology (Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Memphis, TN, USA) to help safely place iliosacral screws for the treatment of a traumatic sacral fracture. PMID:26433323

  6. Testing Percutaneous Arterial Closure Devices: An Animal Model

    SciTech Connect

    Ni Ruifang; Kranokpiraksa, Pawanrat; Pavcnik, Dusan Kakizawa, Hideaki; Uchida, Barry T.; Keller, Frederick S.; Roesch, Josef

    2009-03-15

    The ovine superficial femoral artery was used for testing the efficacy of percutaneous arterial closure devices (PACDs) in their developmental stage. Two topical devices containing chitostan, one staple-mediated PACD and a porcine small intestinal submucosa plug, were tested by follow-up angiography in 37 sheep. Absence or presence of bleeding and time to bleeding cessation were the main criteria for evaluation of PAVD efficacy. The results of these tests directed modification of individual PACDs and improved their efficacy.

  7. Pain Palliation by Percutaneous Acetabular Osteoplasty for Metastatic Hepatocellular Carcinoma

    SciTech Connect

    Hokotate, Hirofumi; Baba, Yasutaka; Churei, Hisahiko; Nakajo, Masayuki; Ohkubo, Kouichi; Hamada, Kenji

    2001-09-15

    A 68-year-old man with hepatocellular carcinoma and known skeletal metastasis developed right hip pain and gait disturbance due to an osteolytic metastasis in the right acetabulum. This was treated initially with chemoembolization and radiation therapy. When these procedures proved unsuccessful percutaneous injection of acrylic bone cement into the acetabulum was undertaken. Immediately after this procedure, he obtained sufficient pain relief and improved walking ability, which continued for 3 months until he died of hepatic insufficiency.

  8. Feasibility of percutaneous contrast ultrasound-guided cholecystography in dogs.

    PubMed

    Ji, Seoyeoun; Jung, Sunyoung; Kim, Boeun; Jung, Joohyun; Yoon, Junghee; Choi, Mincheol

    2015-01-01

    Differentiating hepatocellular disease versus biliary obstruction can be challenging in dogs presented for icterus. The purpose of this prospective study was to determine the feasibility of percutaneous contrast ultrasound-guided cholecystography in dogs. Ten normal dogs weighing 7.6-13.0 kg (median 9.8 kg) were recruited. All dogs were considered normal based on complete blood count, serum chemistry profile, ultrasound examination, and percutaneous radiographic cholecystography. Percutaneous contrast ultrasound-guided cholecystography was performed using 0.5 ml of commercially available contrast agent and two conventional ultrasound machines for simultaneous scanning at two different locations. Two observers independently evaluated the time to initial detection of contrast in the proximal duodenum and duration of contrast enhancement via visual monitoring. Dynamic contrast enhancement was calculated using time-intensity curves. Mean (± SD) and median (range) of time to initial detection were 8.60 s (± 3.35) and 8.0 s (2.0-11.0), respectively, and mean and median duration were 50.45 s (± 23.24) and 53.0 s (20.0 - 70.0), respectively. Mean, median, and range of peak intensity were 114.1 mean pixel value (MPV) (SD ± 30.7), 109.2 MPV, and 79.7-166.7, respectively, and mean, median, and range of time to peak intensity were 26.1 s (SD ± 7.1 s), 24.0 s, and 19.0-41.0 s, respectively. Findings indicated that percutaneous contrast ultrasound-guided cholecystography is a feasible technique for detecting and quantifying patency of the bile duct in normal dogs. Future studies are needed to assess the diagnostic utility of this technique for dogs with biliary obstruction. PMID:25403172

  9. Current perspectives in percutaneous atrial septal defect closure devices

    PubMed Central

    Bissessor, N

    2015-01-01

    In the last decade, percutaneous atrial septal defect (ASD) closure has become the treatment of choice in most clinical presentations of ASD. Percutaneous ASD closure has established procedural safety through operator experience and improved device structure and deliverability. There have also been advances in diagnostic capabilities. Devices have evolved from large bulky meshes to repositionable, minimal residual mesh content that easily endothelializes and conforms well to surrounding structures. Biodegradable technology has been introduced and will be closely watched as a future option. The evolution of ASD closure device usage in the last four decades incorporates development that minimizes a wide range of serious side effects that have been reported over the years. Complications reported in the literature include thrombus formation, air embolization, device embolization, erosions, residual shunts, and nickel hypersensitivity. Modern devices have intermediate to long term data with outcomes that have been favorable. Devices are available in multiple sizes with improved delivery mechanisms to recapture, reposition, and safely close simple and complex ASDs amenable to percutaneous closure. In this review, commonly used devices and deployment procedures are discussed together with a look at devices that show promise for the future. PMID:26203289

  10. Enhancing percutaneous delivery of methotrexate using different types of surfactants.

    PubMed

    Javadzadeh, Yousef; Hamishehkar, Hamed

    2011-02-01

    Regarding the potential severe toxicity associated with systemic administration of methotrexate (MTX), a topical formulation might be of greater utility for the treatment of psoriasis and other hyperproliferative skin disorders. One of the presumed reasons for the lack of clinical activity of topical methotrexate in psoriasis is insufficient percutaneous penetration necessary to inhibit epidermal DNA synthesis. The present study was undertaken to prepare a formulation to enhance skin penetration of MTX. For this mean, topical gel formulations were prepared and evaluated for MTX percutaneous absorption using rat skin and standard Franz diffusion cells. For enhancing percutaneous absorption, three surfactants (anionic, cationic and nonionic) were incorporated into formulations with different concentrations. Finally salicylic acid as a keratolytic material was added for more enhancement effect. The results showed that SLS (sodium lauryl sulphate) and alkyl benzyl dimethyl chloride did not show significant enhancement effect on the penetration of MTX. Transcutol was able to enhance transdermal absorption of MTX and the higher enhancement ratio was obtained with 2% (w/w) concentration of transcutol. Addition of salicylic acid increased this ratio. Prepared formulation containing transcutol 2% (w/w) and salicylic acid 6% (w/w) showed higher enhancement property and could be used clinically for local treatment of psoriasis. PMID:20951009

  11. Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Removal of Wooden Foreign Bodies in the Extremities with Hydro-Dissection Technique

    PubMed Central

    Park, Hee Jin; Lee, So Yeon; Son, Eun Seok; Chung, Eun Chul; Rho, Myung Ho; Lee, Sun Joo

    2015-01-01

    Objective We described the technique of ultrasound (US)-guided percutaneous removal of the foreign bodies (FB) with hydro-dissection in the radiologic department and presented video files of several cases. Materials and Methods Four patients referred to the radiology department for US evaluation and US-guided percutaneous removal of the FBs in the upper and lower extremities between November, 2006 and November, 2013 were included in this study. The procedures started with US evaluation for the exact location and shape of the FB. A 5 mm-sized skin incision was made at the site of the nearest point from the FB where no passing arteries or tendons were present. We adopted a hydrodissection technique to separate the FB from adjacent tissue using a 2% lidocaine solution. Injected anesthetics detached the FBs from surrounding tissue and thereby facilitated removal. After the tip of the mosquito forceps reached the FB, the wooden FBs were removed. Results The mean time required for the entire procedure was approximately 20 minutes. There were no significant complications during the US-guided removal or long-term complications after the procedure. All 4 FBs were successfully removed from the soft tissue under US guidance. Conclusion Ultrasound-guided percutaneous removal of the FBs with hydro-dissection in the radiology department is a less invasive and safe method over surgical removal in the operating room. Additionally, the use of a guide wire and serial dilator may help minimize soft tissue injury and facilitate the introduction of forceps. PMID:26576123

  12. Effectiveness and Complications of Percutaneous Needle Tenotomy with a Large Needle for Muscle Contractures: A Cadaver Study

    PubMed Central

    Chesnel, Camille; Genêt, François; Almangour, Waleed; Denormandie, Philippe; Parratte, Bernard; Schnitzler, Alexis

    2015-01-01

    Background Twenty-two percent of institutionalised elderly persons have muscle contractures. Contractures have important functional consequences, rendering hygiene and positioning in bed or in a chair difficult. Medical treatment (such as botulinum toxin injections, physiotherapy or positioning) is not very effective and surgery may be required. Surgery is carried out in the operating theatre, under local or general anaesthesia but is often not possible in fragile patients. Mini-invasive tenotomy could be a useful alternative as it can be carried out in ambulatory care, under local anaesthesia. Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of percutaneous needle tenotomy and the risks of damage to adjacent structures in cadavers. Method Thirty two doctors who had never practiced the technique (physical medicine and rehabilitation specialists, geriatricians and orthopaedic surgeons) carried out 401 tenotomies on the upper and lower limbs of 8 fresh cadavers. A 16G needle was used percutaneous following location of the tendons. After each tenotomy, a neuro-orthopaedic surgeon and an anatomist dissected the area in order to evaluate the success of the tenotomy and any adjacent lesions which had occurred. Results Of the 401 tenotomies, 72% were complete, 24.9% partial and 2.7% failed. Eight adjacent lesions occurred (2%): 4 (1%) in tendons or muscles, 3 (0.7%) in nerves and 1 (0.2%) in a vessel. Conclusion This percutaneous needle technique effectively ruptured the desired tendons, with few injuries to adjacent structures. Although this study was carried out on cadavers, the results suggest it is safe to carry out on patients. PMID:26624990

  13. Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation for osteoid osteoma: How we do it

    PubMed Central

    Jankharia, Bhavin; Burute, Nishigandha

    2009-01-01

    Aims and Objectives: To describe our technique for performing radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in osteoid osteoma and to evaluate the results of treatment. Materials and Methods: We evaluated 40 patients in whom RFA was performed for osteoid osteomas between October 2005 and February 2008. The lesions were located in the femur (n = 22), tibia (n = 10), humerus (n = 2), acetabulum (n = 2), radius (n = 1), fibula (n = 1), patella (n = 1), and calcaneum (n = 1). The procedure was performed using a standard technique. Results: Technical success was achieved in all patients, with intranidal localization of the needle and complete ablation. All patients were fully weight bearing 2–3 h after the procedure. Successful pain relief was achieved in all patients within 48 h. Immediate complications included a case of minor thermal skin burn and a small cortical chip fracture, which healed on its own. There were no delayed complications. The average follow-up period was 12 months. Two patients (5% of cases) had recurrence of pain after intervals of 5 and 8 months, respectively, following the ablation; this was due to recurrence of the lesion. Complete pain relief was however achieved after a second ablation in both cases. Thus, our primary and secondary clinical success rates were 95 and 100%, respectively. Conclusion: RFA is a safe, quick, minimally invasive, and extremely effective method for the management of osteoid osteomas. PMID:19774138

  14. Primary diffuse pleural rhabdomyosarcoma in an adult patient.

    PubMed

    Koksal, Deniz; Ibrahimov, Ferhad; Bugdayci, Meral; Gedikoglu, Gokhan; Emri, Salih

    2016-01-01

    Rhabdomyosarcoma is an aggressive malignant tumor of childhood, originating from immature cells that are destinated to form striated skeletal muscle. It usually arises in the head and neck or the extremities. Primary diffuse pleural rhabdomyosarcoma is exceptionally rare. Herein we report a case of primary diffuse pleural rhabdomyosarcoma in a 48-year-old man. The diagnosis was confimed by percutaneous pleural biopsy. Chemotherapy (cisplatin, ifosfamide, adriamycin, vincristine) was initiated due to the large volume of the tumor. After 3 months, computed tomography of the thorax showed stable radiological findings. PMID:26207004

  15. Peripheral portal vein-oriented non-dilated bile duct puncture for percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage

    PubMed Central

    Shimizu, Hiroaki; Kato, Atsushi; Takayashiki, Tsukasa; Kuboki, Satoshi; Ohtsuka, Masayuki; Yoshitomi, Hideyuki; Furukawa, Katsunori; Miyazaki, Masaru

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of peripheral portal vein (PV)-oriented non-dilated bile duct (BD) puncture for percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD). METHODS: Thirty-five patients with non-dilated BDs underwent PTBD for the management of various biliary disorders, including benign bilioenteric anastomotic stricture (n = 24), BD stricture (n = 5) associated with iatrogenic BD injury, and postoperative biliary leakage (n = 6). Under ultrasonographic guidance, percutaneous transhepatic puncture using a 21-G needle was performed along the running course of the peripheral targeted non-dilated BD (preferably B6 for right-sided approach, and B3 for left-sided approach) or along the accompanying PV when the BD was not well visualized. This technique could provide an appropriate insertion angle of less than 30° between the puncture needle and BD running course. The puncture needle was then advanced slightly beyond the accompanying PV. The needle tip was moved slightly backward while injecting a small amount of contrast agent to obtain the BD image, followed by insertion of a 0.018-inch guide wire (GW). A drainage catheter was then placed using a two-step GW method. RESULTS: PTBD was successful in 33 (94.3%) of the 35 patients with non-dilated intrahepatic BDs. A right-sided approach was performed in 25 cases, while a left-sided approach was performed in 10 cases. In 31 patients, the first PTBD attempt proved successful. Four cases required a second attempt a few days later to place a drainage catheter. PTBD was successful in two cases, but the second attempt also failed in the other two cases, probably due to poor breath-holding ability. Although most patients (n = 26) had been experiencing cholangitis with fever (including septic condition in 8 cases) before PTBD, only 5 (14.3%) patients encountered PTBD procedure-related complications, such as transient hemobilia and cholangitis. No major complications such as bilioarterial fistula or portal thrombosis were observed. There was no mortality in our series. CONCLUSION: Peripheral PV-oriented BD puncture for PTBD in patients with non-dilated BDs is a safe and effective procedure for BD stricture and postoperative bile leakage. PMID:26640339

  16. Successful Exclusion of Subclavian Aneurysms with Covered Nitinol Stents

    SciTech Connect

    Szeimies, Ulrike; Kueffer, Georg; Stoeckelhuber, Beate; Steckmeier, Bernd

    1998-05-15

    Two cases of percutaneous endoluminal exclusion of a subclavian aneurysm with a Dacron-coated nitinol stent are presented. One subclavian aneurysm followed trauma; the other was due to thoracic outlet stenosis which was caused by a cervical rib. In both patients the aneurysm was excluded successfully. The follow-up periods were 22 and 14 months, respectively. Stenoses at the stent graft occurred in both patients; one was treated by balloon angioplasty. In selected patients, endoluminal grafting could be an alternative to surgery; however, stent graft designs need to be improved and long-term follow-up is awaited.

  17. Design and Rationale of the Femoral Closure versus Radial Compression Devices Related to Percutaneous Coronary Interventions (FERARI) Study

    PubMed Central

    Behnes, Michael; Ünsal, Melike; Hoffmann, Ursula; Fastner, Christian; El-Battrawy, Ibrahim; Lang, Siegfried; Mashayekhi, Kambis; Lehmann, Ralf; Borggrefe, Martin; Akin, Ibrahim

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND Bleeding events after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) are associated with patients’ age, gender, and the presence of chronic kidney disease, antithrombotic treatment, as well as arterial access site. Patients being treated by PCI using radial access site are associated with an improved prognosis. However, the safety of femoral closure devices has never been compared to radial compression devices following PCI. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the safety of femoral closure compared to radial compression devices in patients treated by PCI envisaging access site bleedings as well as short- and long-term prognostic outcomes. METHODS The Femoral Closure versus Radial Compression Devices Related to Percutaneous Coronary Interventions (FERARI) study is a single-center observational study comparing 400 consecutive patients undergoing PCI either using radial compression devices (TR Band™) or femoral closure devices (Angio-Seal™) at the corresponding access site. The primary outcome consists of the occurrence of vascular complications at the arterial access site, including major bleedings as defined by common classification systems. Secondary outcomes consist of the occurrence of adverse cardiac events, including all-cause mortality, target lesion revascularization, and target vessel revascularization during 30 days and 12 months of follow-up. RESULTS Study enrollment was initiated in February 2014. The enrollment phase is expected to last until May 2015. CONCLUSIONS The FERARI study intends to comparatively evaluate the safety and prognostic outcome of patients being treated by radial or femoral arterial closure devices following PCI during daily clinical practice. PMID:26568686

  18. Single-injection percutaneous peribulbar anesthesia with a short needle versus sub-Tenon's anesthesia for cataract extraction

    PubMed Central

    Ghali, Ashraf M.; Mahfouz, AbdulKader; Hafez, Amr

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This study compared the efficacy of single-injection percutaneous peribulbar anesthesia (PBA) with a short needle with sub-Tenon's anesthesia (STA) to produce optimal operating conditions for cataract extraction in patients with complicated cataract. Methods: Two hundred patients with complicated cataract were enrolled in this prospective, double-blinded, randomized study. Adequate akinesia was a surgical requisite for all cases included in the study because of the expected difficult surgery. The patients were divided into two equal groups to receive either peribulbar anesthesia (PBA) with a 16-mm needle or sub-Tenon's anesthesia. Surgical akinesia (as a primary end point), analgesia, incidence of complications, as well as patient and surgeon satisfaction (as secondary end points) were assessed. Results: Both techniques provided similar analgesia during the operation and similar rates of incidence of chemosis with no serious complications; while the PBA group provided higher degree of akinesia 10 minutes after injection of the local anesthetic, a lower incidence of subconjunctival hemorrhage (SCH) and higher patient and surgeon satisfaction compared to the STA group. Conclusion: We concluded that when globe akinesia is necessary during surgery, the single-injection technique for percutaneous peribulbar anesthesia with a short needle proved to be more suitable than the STA in providing akinesia for cataract surgery. Also, this PBA technique demonstrated a lower incidence of SCH and was preferred to STA by the patients and surgeon. PMID:21804792

  19. Minimizing Technical Failure of Percutaneous Balloon Compression for Trigeminal Neuralgia Using Neuronavigation

    PubMed Central

    Georgiopoulos, Miltiadis; Ellul, John; Chroni, Elisabeth

    2014-01-01

    Objective. Percutaneous balloon compression (PBC) is an effective and safe management for medically refractory trigeminal neuralgia; however, technical failure to cannulate the foramen ovale (FO) using only fluoroscopy is a significant problem in some cases. In this paper, we suggest the use of intraoperative navigation, in cases of reoperation due to prior technical failure to cannulate the FO under fluoroscopy. Methods. A total of 174 patients underwent PBC for TN since 2003. In 9 cases the penetration of the FO was not accomplished. Five of those patients were reoperated on for PBC using navigation from March 2012 to September 2012. Surgical technique: preoperatively, a head Computed Tomography (CT) scan is performed and the acquired images are imported into the navigation system. Intraoperatively, a small reference frame is strapped firmly to the patient's forehead, the CT images are registered, and cannulation is performed under the guidance of the navigation system. Results. In all patients, the operation overall was completed successfully. Moreover, all patients reported complete pain relief immediately postoperatively and no complications were recorded overall. Conclusions. We suggest the use of neuronavigation in cases of technical failure of PBC. That technique involves technology with significant advantages helping the successful cannulation of the FO and seems more efficient and safer. PMID:24729892

  20. Free-flank modified supine vs. prone position in percutaneous nephrolithotomy: A prospective randomised trial

    PubMed Central

    Abdel-Mohsen, Essam; Kamel, Mostafa; Zayed, Abdel-Latif; Salem, Emad A.; Ebrahim, Ehab; Abdel Wahab, Khalid; Elaymen, Ahmed; Shaheen, Ashraf; Kamel, Hussien M.

    2012-01-01

    Objective To compare the technical aspects, operative time, safety and effectiveness of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the free-flank modified supine position (FFMSP) vs. the standard prone position (SPP). Patients and methods Seventy-seven patients (47 men and 30 women) with renal stones were enrolled and systematically randomised into two groups, A (39 patients) treated using the FFMSP, and B (38 patients) in the SPP. The outcome was considered as a cure (successful procedure) if the patient became stone-free or had residual fragments of <4 mm in diameter. The operative time (from the induction of anaesthesia to the removal of the endotracheal tube) was measured and any operative complications or conflicts were recorded. The different variables were compared and analysed between the groups. Results Patients in both groups had comparable preoperative clinical data and there were no significant differences in the preoperative clinical characteristics. The procedure was successful in 84.6% and 84% of group A and B, respectively. The operative time was significantly longer in group B (SPP) than A (FFMSP). There was no significant difference between the groups in fluoroscopy time and patients’ outcome. Conclusions The FFMSP (with a cushion under the ipsilateral shoulder) has similar efficacy and safety as the SPP for PCNL and is associated with a significantly quicker operation.

  1. Percutaneous Ethanol Injection via an Artificially Induced Right Hydrothorax for Hepatocellular Carcinoma in the Hepatic Dome

    SciTech Connect

    Kume, Akimichi Nimura, Yuji; Kamiya, Junichi; Nagino, Masato; Kito, Yasushi

    2003-11-15

    To evaluate the efficacy of sonographically (US) guided percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) via an artificially induced right hydrothorax (transthoracic PEI) to treat US-invisible hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the hepatic dome. Five cirrhotic patients with US-invisible HCC in the hepatic dome, who were poor surgical candidates, underwent transthoracic PEI. An artificial right hydrothorax was created by instilling 500 ml saline, and absolute ethanol was injected transhydrothoracically into the hepatic dome lesion under local anesthesia. The success and complications were assessed radiologically. The patients were followed up serologically and radiologically for 12-44 (mean 28.4) months. Twenty-five hydrothoraces were induced. All hydrothoraces enabled US visualization of the entire hepatic dome. Eight of the nine small lesions were treated successfully by the treatment. Two of the three local recurrences were eradicated by repeat transthoracic PEI. One large lesion was treated by a combination of transthoracic and regular PEI. The only complication was one clinically insignificant pneumothorax. Induction of a right hydrothorax is feasible and safe. The hydrothorax enables US visualization of the entire hepatic dome and permits US-guided PEI for HCC in the hepatic dome that otherwise would not be possible.

  2. Effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition on the incidence of restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.

    PubMed

    Brozovich, F V; Morganroth, J; Gottlieb, N B; Gottlieb, R S

    1991-08-01

    To determine whether angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition may reduce the incidence of restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), we retrospectively identified 322 consecutive patients who underwent a successful procedure from June 1988 to December 1989. No patients developed chest pain, ST segment elevation, positive cardiac enzymes, or other evidence of abrupt vessel closure following the PTCA. All patients received intravenous heparin after PTCA and aspirin was begun on the day prior to PTCA. Patients were separated into two groups: those at hospital discharge incidentally treated for hypertension or heart failure with ACE inhibitors (n = 36), and those treated with a drug regimen which did not include ACE inhibitors (n = 286). The two groups were similar with respect to age (61 +/- 13.5 vs. 60 +/- 12.5, p = NS) and other demographic characteristics. Restenosis, defined as the presentation to a physician with symptoms of angina within 6 months of the PTCA and the finding on repeat catheterization of a significant restenosis at the site of the PTCA, occurred in 30% of the patients who were discharged on a drug regimen which did not include ACE inhibitors vs. 3% (p less than .05) in those treated with an ACE inhibitor. Thus, it appears that the use of ACE inhibitors may significantly reduce the incidence of restenosis after successful PTCA. PMID:1653645

  3. Percutaneous catheter drainage for malignant pericardial effusion.

    PubMed

    Gatenby, R A; Hartz, W H; Kessler, H B

    1991-02-01

    Ultrasound (US)-guided and fluoroscopically guided pericardial catheter placement was performed in 12 patients with known underlying malignancy who had clinical and radiographic evidence of a significant pericardial effusion. US guidance facilitated placement of a 22-gauge needle by means of a subxyphoid or transthoracic approach. The tract was subsequently dilated over a wire under fluoroscopic guidance with placement of either an 8.5- or 10-F catheter. This technique successfully established pericardial drainage in all patients with excellent symptomatic relief. Cytologic findings were positive for malignancy in 10 of the 12 patients. Radiologically guided pericardiocentesis allowed safe, rapid stabilization of the condition of patients with symptoms from pericardial effusion. This resulted in excellent palliation in patients with terminal disease and improvement in the clinical status of other patients so that additional therapies, such as sclerosis with tetracycline or surgical placement of a pericardial window, could be performed on an elective basis. PMID:1799745

  4. A two-phase two-layer model for transdermal drug delivery and percutaneous absorption

    E-print Network

    Pontrelli, Giuseppe

    A two-phase two-layer model for transdermal drug delivery and percutaneous absorption Giuseppe May 2014 Keywords: Diffusion­reaction equation Transdermal drug delivery Percutaneous absorption Transdermal drug delivery (TDD for short) is an approach used to deliver drugs through the skin

  5. Bilateral percutaneous cervical cordotomy: immediate and long-term results in 36 patients with neoplastic disease.

    PubMed Central

    Ischia, S; Luzzani, A; Ischia, A; Maffezzoli, G

    1984-01-01

    Thirty-six patients with neoplastic disease suffering from chronic bilateral pain were subjected to bilateral percutaneous cervical cordotomy. The technique and precautions to be taken in bilateral percutaneous cervical cordotomy performed either in one or two stages are described using a traditional or Levin's thermocouple-monitored electrode. The sequelae, complications and immediate and long-term results are reported. Images PMID:6584554

  6. Percutaneous CT-Guided Biopsy of C3 Vertebral Body: Modified Approach for an Old Procedure

    SciTech Connect

    Pua, Uei; Chan, Stephen Yung-Wei

    2013-06-15

    Percutaneous biopsy of upper cervical vertebrae is challenging due to the various critical structures in the location and often requires difficult trajectory such as transoral or paramaxillary approaches. The purpose of this manuscript is to illustrate the utility of head rotation in creating a potential space for direct percutaneous access to C3 vertebral body for safe biopsy.

  7. Inflammatory Reaction to Fabric Collars From Percutaneous Antennas Attached to Intracoelomic Radio

    E-print Network

    Inflammatory Reaction to Fabric Collars From Percutaneous Antennas Attached to Intracoelomic Radio intracoelomically with radio transmitters, a synthetic fabric collar placed around the base of a percutaneous antenna is believed to function as a barrier to contamination of the coelom. We examined 13 fabric collars

  8. Percutaneous Intraductal Radiofrequency Ablation for Clearance of Occluded Metal Stent in Malignant Biliary Obstruction: Feasibility and Early Results

    SciTech Connect

    Pai, Madhava; Valek, Vlastimil; Tomas, Andrasina; Doros, Attila; Quaretti, Pietro; Golfieri, Rita; Mosconi, Cristina; Habib, Nagy

    2013-07-11

    PurposeThe major complication occurring with biliary stents is stent occlusion, frequently seen because of tumour in-growth, epithelial hyperplasia, and sludge deposits, resulting in recurrent jaundice and cholangitis. We report a prospective study with the results of first in man percutaneous intraductal radiofrequency (RF) ablation to clear the blocked metal stents in patients with malignant biliary obstruction using a novel bipolar RF catheter.MethodsNine patients with malignant biliary obstruction and blocked metal stents were included. These patients underwent intraductal biliary RF ablation through the blocked metal stent following external biliary decompression with an internal–external biliary drainage.ResultsAll nine patients had their stent patency restored successfully without the use of secondary stents. Following this intervention, there was no 30-day mortality, haemorrhage, bile duct perforation, bile leak, or pancreatitis. Of the nine patients, six are alive and three patients are dead with a median follow-up of 122 (range 50–488) days and a median stent patency of 102.5 (range 50–321) days. Six patients had their stent patent at the time of last follow-up or death. Three patients with stent blockage at 321, 290, and 65 days postprocedure underwent percutaneous transhepatic drain insertion and repeat ablation.ConclusionsIn this selective group of patients, it appears that this new approach is safe and feasible. Efficacy remains to be proven in future, randomized, prospective studies.

  9. Safety and Efficacy of Percutaneous Mitral Valve Repair Using the MitraClip® System in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus

    PubMed Central

    Balzer, Jan; van Hall, Silke; Rammos, Christos; Wagstaff, Rabea; Kelm, Malte; Rassaf, Tienush

    2014-01-01

    Background Patients with diabetes mellitus show a negative outcome in percutaneous coronary intervention, aortic valve replacement and cardiac surgery. The impact of diabetes on patients undergoing treatment of severe mitral regurgitation (MR) using the MitraClip system is not known. We therefore sought to assess whether percutaneous mitral valve repair with the MitraClip system is safe and effective in patients with diabetes mellitus. Methods and Results We included 58 patients with severe and moderate-to-severe MR in an open-label observational single-center study. Ninteen patients were under oral medication or insulin therapy for type II diabetes mellitus. MitraClip devices were successfully implanted in all patients with diabetes and in 97.4% (n?=?38) of patients without diabetes (p?=?0.672). Periprocedural major cardiac adverse and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) occurred in 5.1% (n?=?2) of patients without diabetes whereas patients with diabetes did not show any MACCE (p?=?0.448). 30-day mortality was 1.7% (n?=?1) with no case of death in the diabetes group. Short-term follow up of three months showed a significant improvement of NYHA class and quality of life evaluated by the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire in both groups, with no changes in the 6-minute walk test. Conclusions Mitral valve repair with the MitraClip system is safe and effective in patients with type II diabetes mellitus. Trial Registration MitraClip Registry NCT02033811 PMID:25375257

  10. Successful change of treatment strategy in elderly patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma by de-escalating induction and introducing temozolomide maintenance: results from a phase II study by The Nordic Lymphoma Group

    PubMed Central

    Pulczynski, Elisa J.; Kuittinen, Outi; Erlanson, Martin; Hagberg, Hans; Fosså, Alexander; Eriksson, Mikael; Nordstrøm, Marie; Østenstad, Bjørn; Fluge, Øystein; Leppä, Sirpa; Fiirgaard, Bente; Bersvendsen, Hanne; Fagerli, Unn-Merete

    2015-01-01

    The Nordic Lymphoma Group has conducted a phase ll trial in newly diagnosed primary central nervous system lymphoma patients applying an age-adjusted multi-agent immunochemotherapy regimen, which in elderly patients included temozolomide maintenance treatment. Patients aged 18–75 years were eligible. Thirty-nine patients aged 18–65 years and 27 patients aged 66–75 years were enrolled. The median age of the two age groups was 55 and 70 years, respectively. The overall response rate was 73.8% for the entire cohort: 69.9% in the younger and 80.8% in the elderly subgroup. With a median follow up of 22 months, the 2-year overall survival probability was 60.7% in patients aged 65 years or under and 55.6% in patients aged over 65 years (P=0.40). The estimated progression-free survival at two years was 33.1% (95%CI: 19.1%–47.9%) in patients aged under 65 years and 44.4% (95%CI: 25.6%–61.8%) in the elderly subgroup (P=0.74). Median duration of response was ten months in the younger subgroup, and not reached in the elderly patient subgroup (P=0.33). Four patients aged 64–75 years (6%) died from treatment-related complications. Survival in the two age groups was similar despite a de-escalation of induction treatment in patients aged over 65 years. Duration of response in elderly patients receiving maintenance temozolomide was longer than in the younger age subgroup. While toxicity during induction is still of concern, especially in the elderly patients, we conclude from these data that de-escalation of induction therapy in elderly primary central nervous system lymphoma patients followed by maintenance treatment seems to be a promising treatment strategy. (clinicaltrials.gov identifier:01458730) PMID:25480497

  11. [Primary hyperparathyroidism].

    PubMed

    Maruani, G; Cornière, N; Nicolet, L; Baron, S; Courbebaisse, M; Renaud, S; Houillier, P

    2013-10-01

    For the past 40 years, primary hyperparathyroidism has been recognized as a common endocrine disease which is, most often, "non-symptomatic", without the occurrence of nephrolithiasis or osteitis fibrosa cystica. Our knowledge in the pathophysiology has increased largely and diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism is usually easy. The only radical treatment is surgery and the surgical indications have been codified by several consensus conferences. For patients who do not undergo surgery, prolonged medical monitoring is needed. PMID:23195909

  12. Piriformis Syndrome: Long-Term Follow-up in Patients Treated with Percutaneous Injection of Anesthetic and Corticosteroid Under CT Guidance

    SciTech Connect

    Masala, Salvatore Crusco, Sonia Meschini, Alessandro Taglieri, Amedeo Calabria, Eros Simonetti, Giovanni

    2012-04-15

    Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of CT-guided injection of anesthetic and corticosteroid for the treatment of pain in patients with piriformis syndrome unresponsive to conservative treatment. Methods: We enrolled 23 patients with piriformis syndrome, proposing a percutaneous intramuscular injection of methylprednisone-lidocaine. Among them, 13 patients accepted and 10 refused to undergo the procedure; the second group was used as a control group. Clinical evaluation was performed with four maneuvers (Lasegue sign, FAIR test, Beatty and Freiberg maneuver) and a VAS questionnaire before the injection, after 5-7 days, and after 2 months. A telephonic follow-up was conducted to 3, 6, and 12 months. Results: Procedural success was achieved in all patients who were treated without any complications. After 2 months, among 13 treated subjects, 2 of 13 patients showed positivity to FAIR test (hip flexion, adduction, and internal rotation), 2 of 13 were positive to Lasegue sign, and the Beatty maneuver was positive in 1 patient. Patients who underwent conservative treatment were positive respectively in 7 of 10 (p = 0.01), 6 of 10 (p = 0.03), and 6 of 10 (p = 0.01). The VAS score showed a difference between patients treated with percutaneous approach and those managed with conservative therapy at the baseline evaluation (p = 0.04), after 2 months (p = 0.02), and 12 months (p = 0.002). We observed a significant reduction in pain for patients treated percutaneously, who were evaluated with the VAS scale at 5-7 days, 2 months, 3, 6, and 12 months (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Our findings suggested potential benefit from the percutaneous injection of anesthetics and corticosteroids under CT guidance for the treatment of piriformis syndrome.

  13. Percutaneous intramedullary decompression, curettage, and grafting with medical-grade calcium sulfate pellets for unicameral bone cysts in children: a new minimally invasive technique.

    PubMed

    Dormans, John P; Sankar, Wudbhav N; Moroz, Leslie; Erol, Bülent

    2005-01-01

    Several treatment options exist for unicameral bone cysts (UBCs), including observation, steroid injection, bone marrow injection, and curettage and bone grafting. These are all associated with high recurrence rates, persistence, and occasional complications. Newer techniques have been described, most with variable success and only short follow-up reported. Because of these factors, a new minimally invasive percutaneous technique was developed for the treatment of UBCs in children. Twenty-eight children with UBCs who underwent percutaneous intramedullary decompression, curettage, and grafting with medical-grade calcium sulfate (MGCS) pellets by the senior author (J.P.D.) between April 2000 and April 2003 were analyzed as part of a pediatric musculoskeletal tumor registry at a large tertiary children's hospital. Four patients were lost to follow-up, and the remaining 24 patients had an average follow-up of 21.9 months (range 4-48 months). Twelve patients were followed for at least 24 months. Six of the 24 children had received previous treatment of their UBC, most often at an outside institution. Follow-up was performed through clinical evaluation and radiographic review. Postoperative radiographs at most recent follow-up showed complete healing, defined as more than 95% opacification, in 22 of 24 patients (91.7%). One patient (4.2%) demonstrated partial healing, defined as 80% to 95% opacification. One patient had less than 80% radiographic healing (4.2%). All 24 patients returned to full activities and were asymptomatic at most recent follow-up. The only complication noted was a superficial suture abscess that occurred in one patient; this resolved with local treatment measures. The new minimally invasive technique of percutaneous intramedullary decompression, curettage, and grafting with MGCS pellets demonstrates favorable results with low complication and recurrence rates compared with conventional techniques. The role of intramedullary decompression as a part of this percutaneous technique is discussed. PMID:16294140

  14. Success and Motivation among College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schweinle, Amy; Helming, Luralyn M.

    2011-01-01

    The present research explores college students' explanations of their success and failure in challenging activities and how it relates to students' efficacy, value, and engagement. The results suggest most students hold one primary reason for success during the challenging activity, including grade/extrinsic, mastery/intrinsic,…

  15. Successful endovascular treatment of severe chronic mesenteric ischemia by concurrent triple-vessel mesenteric artery revascularization.

    PubMed

    Joseph, George; Agarwal, Sunil

    2015-01-01

    A 52-year-old man presenting with severely symptomatic chronic mesenteric ischemia had proximal occlusion of the celiac and superior mesenteric arteries and critical stenosis of the inferior mesenteric artery ostium. Concurrent percutaneous revascularization with stenting of all three mesenteric arteries was successfully achieved using techniques tailored to each lesion. Complete clinical recovery was observed at the six-month post-procedure follow-up. PMID:26071295

  16. Predicting Infected Bile Among Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Cholecystostomy

    SciTech Connect

    Beardsley, Shannon L.; Shlansky-Goldberg, Richard D.; Patel, Aalpen; Freiman, David B.; Soulen, Michael C.; Stavropoulos, S. William; Clark, Timothy W.I.

    2005-04-15

    Purpose. Patients may not achieve a clinical benefit after percutaneous cholecystostomy due to the inherent difficulty in identifying patients who truly have infected gallbladders. We attempted to identify imaging and biochemical parameters which would help to predict which patients have infected gallbladders. Methods. A retrospective review was performed of 52 patients undergoing percutaneous cholecystostomy for clinical suspicion of acute cholecystitis in whom bile culture results were available. Multiple imaging and biochemical variables were examined alone and in combination as predictors of infected bile, using logistic regression. Results. Of the 52 patients, 25 (48%) had infected bile. Organisms cultured included Enterococcus, Enterobacter, Klebsiella, Pseudomonas, E. coli, Citrobacter and Candida. No biochemical parameters were significantly predictive of infected bile; white blood cell count >15,000 was weakly associated with greater odds of infected bile (odds ratio 2.0, p = NS). The presence of gallstones, sludge, gallbladder wall thickening and pericholecystic fluid by ultrasound or CT were not predictive of infected bile, alone or in combination, although a trend was observed among patients with CT findings of acute cholecystitis toward a higher 30-day mortality. Radionuclide scans were performed in 31% of patients; all were positive and 66% of these patients had infected bile. Since no patient who underwent a radionuclide scan had a negative study, this variable could not be entered into the regression model due to collinearity. Conclusion. No single CT or ultrasound imaging variable was predictive of infected bile, and only a weak association of white blood cell count with infected bile was seen. No other biochemical parameters had any association with infected bile. The ability of radionuclide scanning to predict infected bile was higher than that of ultrasound or CT. This study illustrates the continued challenge to identify bacterial cholecystitis among patients referred for percutaneous cholecystostomy.

  17. Revascularization Options: Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery and Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Kappetein, A Pieter; van Mieghem, Nicolas M; Head, Stuart J

    2016-01-01

    Coronary artery bypass grafting (CAGB) is superior to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in reducing mortality in certain patients and improving the composite end points of angina, recurrent myocardial infarction, and repeat revascularization procedures. However, CABG is associated with a higher perioperative stroke risk. For patients with less complex disease or left main coronary disease, PCI is an acceptable alternative to CABG. Lesion complexity is an essential consideration for stenting, whereas patient comorbidity is an essential consideration for CABG. All patients with complex multivessel coronary artery disease should be reviewed by a heart team including a cardiac surgeon and interventional cardiologist. PMID:26567980

  18. Hemodynamic support with percutaneous devices in patients with heart failure.

    PubMed

    Kapur, Navin K; Esposito, Michele

    2015-04-01

    The use of surgically implanted durable mechanical circulatory support (MCS) in high-risk patients with heart failure is declining and short-term, nondurable MCS device use is growing. Percutaneously delivered MCS options for advanced heart failure include the intra-aortic balloon pump, Impella axial flow catheter, TandemHeart centrifugal pump, and venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Nondurable MCS devices have unique implantation characteristics and hemodynamic effects. Algorithms and guidelines for optimal nondurable MCS device selection do not exist. Emerging technologies and applications will address the need for improved left ventricular unloading using lower-profile devices, longer-term ambulatory support, and the potential for myocardial recovery. PMID:25834971

  19. Assessment of coronary bypass surgery and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.

    PubMed

    Preston, T A

    1989-01-01

    Coronary bypass surgery developed as another in a line of surgical procedures dating back more than 60 years. The medical profession at first assessed this procedure with time-honored anecdotal techniques. Gradually, for a variety of reasons, improved methods of comparisons worked their way into assessments of bypass surgery. Randomized controlled trials met resistance but have been very influential. Assessment of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty has benefited from the knowledge generated during the last 25 years, but clinicians have been slower to apply the most advanced techniques. PMID:10313785

  20. Randomised controlled trial comparing percutaneous radiofrequency thermal ablation, percutaneous ethanol injection, and percutaneous acetic acid injection to treat hepatocellular carcinoma of 3 cm or less

    PubMed Central

    Lin, S-M; Lin, C-J; Lin, C-C; Hsu, C-W; Chen, Y-C

    2005-01-01

    Aims: The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of radiofrequency thermal ablation (RFTA), percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI), and percutaneous acetic acid injection (PAI) in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Patients and methods: A total of 187 patients with HCCs of 3 cm or less were randomly assigned to RFTA (n?=?62), PEI (n?=?62), or PAI (n?=?63). Tumour recurrence and survival rates were assessed. Results: One, two, and three year local recurrence rates were 10%, 14%, and 14% in the RFTA group, 16%, 34%, and 34% in the PEI group, and 14%, 31%, and 31% in the PAI group (RFTA v PEI, p?=?0.012; RFTA v PAI, p?=?0.017). One, two, and three year survival rates were 93%, 81%, and 74% in the RFTA group, 88%, 66%, and 51% in the PEI group, and 90%, 67%, and 53% in the PAI group (RFTA v PEI, p?=?0.031; RFTA v PAI, p?=?0.038). One, two, and three year cancer free survival rates were 74%, 60%, and 43% in the RFTA group, 70%, 41%, and 21% in the PEI group, and 71%, 43%, and 23% in the PAI group (RFTA v PEI, p?=?0.038; RFTA v PAI, p?=?0.041). Tumour size, tumour differentiation, and treatment methods (RFTA v PEI and PAI) were significant factors for local recurrence, overall survival, and cancer free survival. Major complications occurred in 4.8% of patients (two with haemothorax, one gastric perforation) in the RFTA group and in none in two other groups (RFTA v PEI and PAI, p?=?0.035). Conclusions: RFTA was superior to PEI and PAI with respect to local recurrence, overall survival, and cancer free survival rates, but RFTA also caused more major complications. PMID:16009687

  1. Percutaneous right ventricular support during catheter ablation of intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia in an adult with a mustard baffle--a novel use of the Impella device.

    PubMed

    Fishberger, Steven B; Asnes, Jeremy D; Rollinson, Nancy L; Cleman, Michael W

    2010-10-01

    Late sequelea following a Mustard operation for transposition of the great arteries (TGA) include atrial arrhythmias and dysfunction of the systemic right ventricle. Catheter mapping and ablation of atrial tachycardia in the setting of significant right ventricular dysfunction may result in hemodynamic compromise. We report the novel use of the Impella percutaneous microaxial flow pump to support cardiac output in an adult patient with a Mustard operation for TGA who experienced a cardiac arrest during a prior ablation attempt. The Impella device was placed via a retrograde approach across the aortic valve into the right ventricle providing hemodynamic stability for successful mapping and ablation of intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia. PMID:20386974

  2. Abstract---Wolves are one of the most successful large predators on earth. Their success is made apparent by their

    E-print Network

    Abstract--- Wolves are one of the most successful large predators on earth. Their success is made. The success of this hunting behavior for wolves is the inspiration for a project to bestow this behavior onto their own success. Figure 1. Elk are the primary food source of wolves in Yellowstone National Park

  3. Clinical Results of Percutaneous Needle Fasciotomy for Dupuytren’s Disease in Japanese Patients

    PubMed Central

    Tokunaga, Susumu

    2015-01-01

    Background: Clinical results of percutaneous needle fasciotomy (PNF) in Japanese patients with Dupuytren’s disease are reported. Methods: In this prospective study, 51 patients (103 fingers: 1 index, 9 middle, 47 ring, and 46 small) underwent PNF at 99 metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and 68 proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints. Patients were assessed postoperatively after 1 day, at 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks, and at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Correction of contracture was measured in degrees, and an improvement index (% improvement) was described previously by Tonkin et al. A correction of the contracture to 5° or less at each joint and at each digital ray represented a successful correction. The recurrence rates in MCP and PIP joints were also evaluated. Correlations between the Tubiana classification stage and successful correction, % improvement, and recurrence rate were evaluated. The relationships between recurrence rate and the diathesis score (more/less than 5 points) and between recurrence rate and age at surgery (<50/?50 years) were also examined. Results: In MCP and PIP joints, the improvement maintained at final follow-up was 89% and 57%, respectively, with successful corrections in 89% and 76%, respectively. PNF corrected digital rays at various Tubiana stages: stage 1 = 100%, stage 2 = 82%, stage 3 = 46%, and stage 4 = 0%. Improvements were preserved in stage 1 = 83%; stage 2 = 62%; stage 3 = 58%, and stage 4 = 60%. Recurrence of Dupuytren’s disease was significant for the PIP joint, severe Tubiana stage, and younger patients. Conclusions: Clinical results of PNF in Japanese patients with Dupuytren’s contractures were similar to those of whites. PMID:26090274

  4. Primary Hyperparathyroidism

    MedlinePLUS

    ... in osteoporosis (weak bones that break easily), kidney stones (small clumps of calcium), and a decline in kidney function. DiD YOu knOW? Women are more likely than men to develop primary hyperparathyroidism, and the risk increases with age. FAcT SHeeT Parathyroid Glands thyroid Gland Back View ...

  5. Primary Hyperparathyroidism

    MedlinePLUS

    ... D.C.: American Society of Bone and Mineral Research; 2009: 361–367. Eastell R, Arnold A, Brandi ML, et al. Diagnosis of asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism: proceedings of the Third International Workshop. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2009;94(2): ...

  6. Intradural lumbar disc herniation after percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy: case report.

    PubMed

    Tamaki, Yasuaki; Sakai, Toshinori; Miyagi, Ryo; Nakagawa, Takefumi; Shimakawa, Tateaki; Sairyo, Koichi; Chikawa, Takashi

    2015-09-01

    A 64-year-old man was referred to the authors with low-back pain (LBP) and right leg pain with a history of previously diagnosed lumbar disc herniation (LDH) at L4-5. He had undergone 2 percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomies (PELDs) for the herniation at another institution, and according to the surgical record of the second surgery, a dural tear occurred intraoperatively but was not repaired. Postoperative conservative treatments such as an epidural block and blood patch had not relieved his persistent LBP or right leg pain. Upon referral to the authors, MRI and myelography revealed an intradural LDH. The herniated mass was removed by durotomy, and posterior lumbar interbody fusion was performed. His symptoms were partially improved after surgery. Primary suture is technically difficult when a dural tear occurs during PELD. Therefore, close attention should be paid to avoiding such tears, and surgeons should increase their awareness of intradural LDH as a possible postoperative complication of PELD. PMID:26068274

  7. Selective percutaneous myofascial lengthening of the lower extremities in children with spastic cerebral palsy.

    PubMed

    Mitsiokapa, Evanthia A; Mavrogenis, Andreas F; Skouteli, Helen; Vrettos, Stamatios G; Tzanos, George; Kanellopoulos, Anastasios D; Korres, Demetrios S; Papagelopoulos, Panayiotis J

    2010-04-01

    Children with spastic cerebral palsy commonly acquire lower extremity musculoskeletal deformities that at some point may need surgical correction. The authors present 58 children with spastic cerebral palsy who underwent selective percutaneous myofascial lengthening of the hip adductor group and the medial or the lateral hamstrings. All the patients were spastic diplegic, hemiplegic, or quadriplegic. The indications for surgery were a primary contracture that interfered with the patients' walking or sitting ability or joint subluxation. Gross motor ability and gross motor function of the children were evaluated using the gross motor function classification system (GMFCS) and the gross motor function measure (GMFM), respectively. The mean time of the surgical procedure was 14 minutes (range, 1 to 27 minutes). All patients were discharged from the hospital setting the same day after the operation. There were no infections, overlengthening, nerve palsies, or vascular complications. Three patients required repeat procedures for relapsed hamstring and adductor contractures at 8, 14, and 16 months postoperatively. At 2 years after the initial operation, all the children improved on their previous functional level; 34 children improved by one GMFCS level, and 5 children improved by two GMFCS levels. The overall improvement in mean GMFM scores was from 71.19 to 83.19. PMID:20470962

  8. Patient-Specific Three-Dimensional Aortocoronary Model for Percutaneous Coronary Intervention of a Totally Occluded Anomalous Right Coronary Artery.

    PubMed

    Watanabe, Hirotoshi; Saito, Naritatsu; Tatsushima, Syojiro; Tazaki, Junichi; Toyota, Toshiaki; Imai, Masao; Watanabe, Shin; Yamamoto, Erika; Bao, Bingyuan; Nakatsuma, Kenji; Watanabe, Hiroki; Shizuta, Satoshi; Kimura, Takeshi

    2015-07-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for anomalous coronary arteries is often difficult because the support provided by the guide catheter is insufficient. We encountered a patient with severe three-vessel coronary disease including a totally occluded anomalous right coronary artery (RCA) originating from the left sinus of Valsalva. Initial PCI for the anomalous RCA via the transradial approach failed. Therefore, we constructed a three-dimensional (3D) aortocoronary model and conducted an in vitro simulation to plan the second PCI and found that a Judkins left (JL) 3.5 guide catheter in the power position yielded maximum backup support for the anomalous RCA. Thus, the second PCI was conducted using an 8 Fr JL 3.5 guide catheter in the power position via the transfemoral approach. The procedure was smooth and successful, without any adverse events. Our experience suggests that case-specific 3D models are useful for strategic planning of complex PCIs. PMID:26136288

  9. Surgical vs percutaneous radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma in dangerous locations

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Ji-Wei; Hernandez-Alejandro, Roberto; Croome, Kristopher P; Yan, Lu-Nan; Wu, Hong; Chen, Zhe-Yu; Prasoon, Pankaj; Zeng, Yong

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To compare the long-term outcome of percutaneous vs surgical radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in dangerous locations. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-two patients with HCC in dangerous locations treated with percutaneous or surgical RFA were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided into percutaneous RFA group and surgical RFA group. After the patients were regularly followed up for a long time, their curative rate, hospital stay time, postoperative complications and 5-year local tumor progression were compared and analyzed. RESULTS: No significant difference was observed in curative rate between the two groups (91.3% vs 96.8%, P = 0.841). The hospital stay time was longer and more analgesics were required while the incidence of bile duct injury and RFA-related hemorrhage was lower in surgical RFA group than in percutaneous RFA group (P < 0.05). The local progression rate of HCC in dangerous locations was significantly lower in surgical RFA group than in percutaneous RFA group (P = 0.05). The relative risk of local tumor progression was 14.315 in percutaneous RFA group. CONCLUSION: The incidence of severe postoperative complications and local tumor progression is lower after surgical RFA than after percutaneous RFA. PMID:21218093

  10. Acute oral and percutaneous toxicity of pesticides to mallards: Correlations with mammalian toxicity data

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hudson, R.H.; Haegele, M.A.; Tucker, R.K.

    1979-01-01

    Acute oral (po) and 24-hr percutaneous (perc) LD50 values for 21 common pesticides (19 anticholinesterases, of which 18 were organophosphates, and one was a carbamate; one was an organochlorine central nervous system stimulant; and one was an organonitrogen pneumotoxicant) were determined in mallards (Anas platyrhynchos). Three of the pesticides tested were more toxic percutaneously than orally. An index to the percutaneous hazard of a pesticide, the dermal toxicity index (DTI = po LD50/perc LD50 ? 100), was also calculated for each pesticide. These toxicity values in mallards were compared with toxicity data for rats from the literature. Significant positive correlations were found between log po and log percutaneous LD50 values in mallards (r = 0.65, p 0.10). Variations in percutaneous methodologies are discussed with reference to interspecies variation in toxicity values. It is recommended that a mammalian DTI value approaching 30 be used as a guideline for the initiation of percutaneous toxicity studies in birds, when the po LD50 and/or projected percutaneous LD50 are less than expected field exposure levels.

  11. Early Percutaneous Cholecystostomy in Severe Acute Cholecystitis Reduces the Complication Rate and Duration of Hospital Stay

    PubMed Central

    Chou, Chung-Kai; Lee, Kuei-Chuan; Chan, Che-Chang; Perng, Chin-Lin; Chen, Chun-Ku; Fang, Wen-Liang; Lin, Han-Chieh

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The optimal timing of percutaneous cholecystostomy for severe acute cholecystitis is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the timing of percutaneous cholecystostomy and its relationship to clinical outcomes in patients with inoperable acute severe cholecystitis. From 2008 to 2010, 209 consecutive patients who were admitted to our hospital due to acute cholecystitis and were treated by percutaneous cholecystostomy were retrospectively reviewed. The time periods from symptom onset to when percutaneous cholecystostomy was performed and when patients were discharged were recorded. In the 209 patients, the median time period between symptom onset and percutaneous cholecystostomy was 23?hours (range, 3–95?hours). The early intervention group (?24?hours, n?=?109) had a significantly lower procedure-related bleeding rate (0.0% vs 5.0%, P?=?0.018) and shorter hospital stay (15.8?±?12.9 vs 21.0?±?17.5 days) as compared with the late intervention group (>24?hours, n?=?100). Delayed percutaneous cholecystostomy was a significant independent factor for a longer hospital stay (odds ratio 3.03, P?=?0.001). In inoperable patients with acute severe cholecystitis, early percutaneous cholecystostomy reduced hospital stay and procedure-related bleeding without increasing the mortality rate. PMID:26166097

  12. Long term results of percutaneous fixation of proximal humerus fractures

    PubMed Central

    Muncibì, Francesco; Paez, Diana Chicon; Matassi, Fabrizio; Carulli, Christian; Nistri, Lorenzo; Innocenti, Massimo

    2012-01-01

    Background: Proximal humerus fracture in elderly osteoporotic patients usually leads to severe displaced and multifragmentary fractures. Associated comorbidities may limit surgical options and conservative treatment is commonly indicated, however, with variable results. In most cases, surgery is the treatment of choice in order to restore anatomical integrity, and allow early functional recovery. Several techniques were used over the years, each with specific indication. Percutaneous pinning after closed reduction, a mini-invasive technique and fixation by use of K-wires is not preferred commonly. We present our experience with this approach, focusing on its indications and advantages. Patients and Methods: A study group of 41 consecutive patients with a mean age of 65.5 years were evaluated clinically (VAS, Constant-Murley score, range of motion), and with radiological analysis: 35 patients finally completed a minimum followup of 24 months. Results: K-wires were removed after a mean interval of 4 weeks. Clinical and radiographic healing occurred in a mean time of 8.2 weeks in all fractures but one, with improvements in mean Constant-Murley score of 87.6 points, mean VAS of 2.3. In 33 patients, the reduction was considered satisfactory. In two cases, reduction was poor, but the patients however presented acceptable functional outcome. Conclusions: Percutaneous pinning may represent a suitable option of treatment for 2-or 3-part proximal humerus fractures in selected subjects. PMID:23325969

  13. Brain Abscess after Percutaneous Therapy for Trigeminal Neuralgia

    PubMed Central

    Acqui, Michele; Familiari, Pietro; Pesce, Alessandro; Toccaceli, Giada; Raco, Antonino

    2015-01-01

    We report a case of brain abscess following the percutaneous treatment for trigeminal neuralgia. This procedure envisages the access with a needle into the middle cranial fossa through the oral cavity. Thus, in this case, the bacterial infection can be more likely ascribed to the possible contamination of the needle inside the oral cavity rather than to other frequent and more controllable causes of infection like an imperfect sterilization of surgical instruments or an inadequate antiseptic preparation of both operator's hands and patient's skin. The subsequent brain abscess was treated with antibiotic therapy (Vancomycin 2?gr a day and Meropenem 8?g a day for 22 days before the surgical procedure and 30 days after, until complete normalization of laboratory parameters, clinical parameters, and neurological symptoms) and surgical drainage, although the culture of the abscess capsule and the purulent material resulted sterile. In conclusion, the percutaneous therapy for trigeminal neuralgia can be objectively related to risks, even if performed by expert hands. Therefore, it is important that the patient should be advised regarding risks/benefits and/or septic complications of such procedures, even if they occur very seldom. An association of surgery and antibiotic therapy results as effective treatment for this pathologic condition. PMID:25821610

  14. Treatment of Chronic Plantar Fasciitis With Percutaneous Latticed Plantar Fasciotomy.

    PubMed

    Yanbin, Xu; Haikun, Chu; Xiaofeng, Ji; Wanshan, Yang; Shuangping, Liu

    2015-01-01

    Plantar fasciitis, the most common cause of pain in the inferior heel, accounts for 11% to 15% of all foot symptoms requiring professional care among adults. The present study reports the results of a minimally invasive surgical treatment of chronic plantar fasciitis. All patients with plantar fasciitis who had undergone percutaneous latticed plantar fasciotomy at 3 clinical sites from March 2008 to March 2009 were included in the present study. The follow-up evaluations for this treatment were conducted using the Mayo clinical scoring system. We investigated 17 patients with recalcitrant chronic plantar fasciitis who had undergone this treatment within a follow-up period of ?13 months. All procedures were performed in the clinic with the patient under local anesthesia. No wound infections or blood vessel or nerve damage occurred. At a mean follow-up period of 16.0 ± 2.29 (range 13 to 21) months, significant improvement was seen in the preoperative mean Mayo score (from 12.06 ± 2.54 to 89.76 ± 4.28, p < .001) and no patient had developed symptom recurrence. Also, none of the patients had developed complex regional pain syndrome. All patients were able to return to regular shoe wear by 3 weeks postoperatively. The technique of plantar fasciitis with percutaneous latticed plantar fasciotomy could be a promising treatment option for patients with recalcitrant chronic plantar fasciitis. PMID:26058817

  15. Preventing percutaneous absorption of industrial chemicals: the skin denotation

    SciTech Connect

    Grandjean, P.; Berlin, A.; Gilbert, M.; Penning, W.

    1988-01-01

    Percutaneous absorption has received comparatively little attention in occupational health, although this route of entry has repeatedly caused occupation-related intoxications. In practice, the evaluation of skin penetration rates is far from simple. Much evidence has been obtained from studies of chemicals used for cosmetics and topical therapeutics, but the information available on compounds encountered in occupational health is limited. The data obtained from experimental studies have confirmed that the concentration, type of vehicle, skin area, skin condition, and extent of occlusion are important factors in determining the degree of percutaneous absorption, but no general model has been developed. Also, too little is known about the basic chemical properties governing the rate of penetration. Thus, prediction is difficult and bound to be rather inaccurate. Current preventive practice follows the procedure used by ACGIH and is mainly based on a skin denotation in official listings of chemicals to which exposure limits have been allocated. The number of substances and groups of chemicals which have received skin denotation in 17 selected countries varies between 24 and 179 and a total of 275 are listed as a skin hazard in one or more countries; ACGIH lists 143. Thus, the denotation practice varies. As an unfortunate result of these discrepancies and the dichotomy of skin denotation, the absence of skin denotation may erroneously indicate that efforts to protect the skin are unnecessary. Thus, an evaluation of skin penetration potentials should be incorporated in occupational health practice as a supplement to the official denotations. 23 references.

  16. Renin-Angiotensin System Antagonists in Patients Without Left Ventricular Dysfunction After Percutaneous Intervention for ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

    PubMed

    Parashar, Akhil; Agarwal, Shikhar; Krishnaswamy, Amar; Garg, Aatish; Poddar, Kanhaiya L; Sud, Karan; Ellis, Stephen; Tuzcu, E Murat; Kapadia, Samir R

    2015-08-15

    There is a paucity of evidence on the impact of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) on long-term outcomes in patients with ejection fraction (EF) >40% after primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We compared long-term all-cause mortality between patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >40% discharged on ACEi/ARB with patients who were discharged on neither of these agents. Patients discharged after percutaneous intervention for STEMI from our catheterization laboratories from January 2002 to December 2011 were considered for inclusion. Patients were excluded if they had LVEF <40% or chronic kidney disease or hypotension (systolic blood pressure <90 mm Hg any time after the procedure). Long-term mortality and discharge medications were determined using the Social Security Death Index and electronic medical record review, respectively. A total of 988 patients were included. The median follow-up duration was 4.6 years. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed no significant difference in long-term all-cause mortality in patients discharged on ACEi/ARB compared with those who were not discharged on these medications. The number needed to treat to prevent 1 death at 1 year was 714. In addition, multivariable Cox proportional hazard modeling failed to demonstrate any beneficial effect of ACEi/ARB similar to Kaplan-Meir analysis (hazard ratio 0.88, 95% confidence interval 0.57 to 1.36). In conclusion, we found no significant benefit in long-term mortality using ACEi/ARB in patients with LVEF >40% after primary percutaneous coronary intervention for STEMI. PMID:26081065

  17. CT-guided percutaneous microwave ablation of pulmonary malignancies: Results in 69 cases

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Microwave ablation (MWA) has attracted a worldwide attention gradually in treating inoperable pulmonary malignancies. However, in the lung tissues treated with MWA recurrence of tumor may still occur and few data in large patient groups till now were reported about the safety or effectiveness of microwave ablation in treating primary lung cancer and metastatic pulmonary malignancies. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical curative effect (local control, survival data) MWA and its safety as well. Methods From 1 January 2005 to 1 January 2008, retrospective analyses, 69 patients underwent computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous MWA of pulmonary malignancies. All patients were deemed medically inoperable. The correlation of tumor sizes and local progression after ablation was analyzed and the survival rates within 3?years post surgery were compared between non-small-cell lung cancer and pulmonary metastases groups also. Results Pneumothorax was the most frequent complication and occurred in 24.64% patients after ablation. Neither needle track implantation was found nor did patient death occur in these patients within 30?days. The 1-, 2-, and 3-year overall survival rates were 66.7%, 44.9% and 24.6%, respectively. The overall survival rates for NSCLC patients in 1?year, 2?years, and 3?years were 75.0%, 54.2%, and 29.2%, respectively. The overall survival rates for pulmonary metastatic tumor patients in 1?year, 2?years, and 3?years were 47.6%, 23.8%, and 14.3%, respectively. The recurrence-free survival rates for NSCLC patients in 1?year, 2?years, and 3?years were 72.9%, 50.0%, and 27.1%, respectively. The mortality rates for pulmonary metastatic tumor patients in 1?year, 2?years, and 3?years were 47.6%, 19.0%, and 14.3%, respectively. Conclusions Percutaneous microwave coagulation therapy was one safe and effective method and could be beneficial for the improvement of inoperable pulmonary malignancies treatment effect. PMID:22564777

  18. Characteristic CT Findings After Percutaneous Cryoablation Treatment of Malignant Lung Nodules

    PubMed Central

    Chaudhry, Ammar; Grechushkin, Vadim; Hoshmand, Mahsa; Kim, Choo Won; Pena, Andres; Huston, Brett; Chaya, Yair; Bilfinger, Thomas; Moore, William

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Assess computed tomography (CT) imaging characteristics after percutaneous cryotherapy for lung cancer. A retrospective IRB-approved analysis of 40 patients who underwent nonsurgical treatment for primary stage 1 lung cancer performed from January 2007 to March 2011 was included in this study. All procedures were performed using general anesthesia and CT guidance. Follow-up imaging with CT of the chest was obtained at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months postprocedure to evaluate the ablated lung nodule. Nodule surface area, density (in Hounsfield units), and presence or absence of cavitations were recorded. In addition, the degree of nodule enhancement was also recorded. Patients who were unable to obtain the aforementioned follow-up were excluded from the study. Thirty-six patients underwent percutaneous cryoablation with men to women ratio of 75% with mean age for men 74.6 and mean age for women 74.3 years of age. The average nodule surface area preablation and postcryoablation at 1-, 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-ups were 2.99, 7.86, 3.89, 3.18 and 3.07?cm2, respectively. The average precontrast nodule density before cryoablation was 8.9 and average precontrast nodule density postprocedure at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months follow-ups were 8.5, ?5.9, ?9.4, and ?3.8 HU, respectively. There is increased attenuation of lung nodules over time with an average postcontrast enhancement of 11.4, 18.5, 16.1, and 25.7 HU at the aforementioned time intervals. Cavitations occurred in the cryoablation zone in 53% (19/36) of patients. 80.6% (29/36) of the cavitations in the cryoablation zone resolved within 12 months. Four patients (11%) had recurrence of tumor at the site of cryoablation and none of the patients had satellite or distant metastasis. Our study shows that patients who underwent cryotherapy for lung nodules treatment had characteristic changes on follow-up CT including. The surface area of the nodule increases at the 1-month follow-up with subsequent gradual decrease in the surface area. Decreased nodule density (Hounsfield units) at each interval follow-up is associated with complete ablation of the lung cancer whereas increasing nodule density was suggestive of recurrence. Cavity formation within the region of the ablated nodule, most of which typically resolved within the first 3 to 6 months. Nodule enhancement is difficult to assess because of the limited data sets that are available. PMID:26496275

  19. INvestigational Vertebroplasty Efficacy and Safety Trial (INVEST): a randomized controlled trial of percutaneous vertebroplasty

    PubMed Central

    Gray, Leigh A; Jarvik, Jeffrey G; Heagerty, Patrick J; Hollingworth, William; Stout, Lydia; Comstock, Bryan A; Turner, Judith A; Kallmes, David F

    2007-01-01

    Background The treatment of painful osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures has historically been limited to several weeks of bed rest, anti-inflammatory and analgesic medications, calcitonin injections, or external bracing. Percutaneous vertebroplasty (the injection of bone cement into the fractured vertebral body) is a relatively new procedure used to treat these fractures. There is increasing interest to examine the efficacy and safety of percutaneous vertebroplasty and to study the possibility of a placebo effect or whether the pain relief is from local anesthetics placed directly on the bone during the vertebroplasty procedure. Methods/Designs Our goal is to test the hypothesis that patients with painful osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures who undergo vertebroplasty have less disability and pain at 1 month than patients who undergo a control intervention. The control intervention is placement of local anesthesia near the fracture, without placement of cement. One hundred sixty-six patients with painful osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures will be recruited over 5 years from US and foreign sites performing the vertebroplasty procedure. We will exclude patients with malignant tumor deposit (multiple myeloma), tumor mass or tumor extension into the epidural space at the level of the fracture. We will randomly assign participants to receive either vertebroplasty or the control intervention. Subjects will complete a battery of validated, standardized measures of pain, functional disability, and health related quality of life at baseline and at post-randomization time points (days 1, 2, 3, and 14, and months 1, 3, 6, and 12). Both subjects and research interviewers performing the follow-up assessments will be blinded to the randomization assignment. Subjects will have a clinic visit at months 1 and 12. Spine X-rays will be obtained at the end of the study (month 12) to determine subsequent fracture rates. Our co-primary outcomes are the modified Roland score and pain numerical rating scale at 1 month. Discussion Although extensively utilized throughout North America for palliation of pain, vertebroplasty still has not undergone rigorous study. The study outlined above represents the first randomized, controlled study that can account for a placebo effect in the setting of vertebroplasty. Trial Registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN81871888 PMID:18096050

  20. Percutaneous Treatment of Sac Rupture in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms Previously Excluded with Endovascular Repair (EVAR)

    SciTech Connect

    Lagana, Domenico Mangini, Monica Fontana, Federico; Nicotera, Paolo; Carrafiello, Gianpaolo; Fugazzola, Carlo

    2009-01-15

    The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of percutaneous endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) previously treated by EVAR. In the last year, two male patients with AAAs, treated 8 and 23 months ago with bifurcated stent-graft, were observed because of lumbar pain and hemorragic shock. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) showed a retroperitoneal hematoma; in both cases a type III endoleak was detected, in one case associated with a type II endoleak from the iliolumbar artery. The procedures were performed in the theater, in emergency. Type II endoleak was treated with transcatheter superselective glue injection; type III endoleaks were excluded by a stent-graft extension. The procedures were successful in both patients, with immediate hemodynamic stabilization. MDCT after the procedure showed complete exclusion of the aneurysms. In conclusion, endovascular treatment is a safe and feasible option for the treatment of ruptured AAAs previously treated by EVAR; this approach allows avoidance of surgical conversion, which is technical very challenging, with a high morbidity and mortality rate.