Sample records for successful primary percutaneous

  1. Successful Aorta-osteal Stenting after Iatrogenic Acute Type-A Aortic Dissection during Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Bekler, Adem; Özeren, Ali; Gazi, Emine; Temiz, Ahmet; Altun, Burak

    2014-01-01

    Background: Iatrogenic acute dissection of the ascending aorta following coronary angiography and percutaneous intervention is rare. This complication, if not managed urgently, can have critical results. Case Report: We present the case of a 70 year-old woman who was treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the right coronary artery (RCA) for acute inferior myocardial infarction; however, the procedure was complicated by anterograde dissection of the RCA with a simultaneous retrograde propagation to the proximal part of the ascending aorta. Successful stenting of the entry point was able to heal the RCA and restrict the retrograde propagation to the ascending aorta. The aortic dissection was monitored by means of computerised tomography and the dissection repaired itself spontaneously within a day. Conclusion: Treatment of the aorta coronary dissection (ACD) by urgent osteal stenting is a less invasive treatment compared with surgical treatment in appropriate cases. We demonstrated that immediate osteal stenting should be performed in ACD. PMID:25667792

  2. A Successful Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Twelve Days After a Cabrol Composite Graft Operation in Marfan Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Jang, Won Il; Ahn, Kye-Taek; Park, Hyung Seo; Park, Jae-Hyeong; Kim, Song Soo; Lee, Jae-Hwan; Choi, Si-Wan; Seong, In-Whan

    2010-01-01

    The Cabrol procedure is one of several techniques used for re-implantation of a coronary artery. After replacement of the ascending aorta and aortic valve using a composite graft, second Dacron tube grafts are used for anastomosis between the ascending aortic graft and the coronary arteries. Ostial stenosis is one of the complications associated with the Cabrol operation. However, there have been no reported cases of acute thrombosis of a Cabrol graft. Here we report a case with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction due to thrombotic total occlusion of a right Cabrol graft-to-right coronary artery (RCA) twelve days after surgery in a patient with Marfan syndrome. He was successfully treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). PMID:20514337

  3. Primary success and one-year followup of percutaneous peripheral excimer laser angioplasty

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Visona, Adriana; Liessi, Guido; Miserocchi, Luigi; Bonanome, Andrea; Lusiani, Luigi; Breggion, Giovanni; Pagnan, Antonio

    1992-08-01

    Excimer laser angioplasty was performed in 59 patients (44 males and 17 females, mean age 63 +/- 9 years, range 39 - 77) affected by peripheral vascular disease. Fifty patients had a total occlusion of the superficial femoral artery, three of the iliac artery, and one of the popliteal artery; seven patients showed a subocclusive stenosis of the superficial femoral artery. A commercial excimer laser (Technolas Max-10) was used at the Xenon-Chloride wavelength of 308 nm. The laser operated at 120 ns pulse length and at 20 Hz repetition rate. Applied energy fluence was 20 mJ/pulse. The energy was delivered through a multifiber catheter, which combines 12 (7F) or 18 (9F) fibers (260 micron diameter each), concentrically arranged. Balloon dilatation was associated in 51 patients. Successful recanalization was obtained in 59 out of 61 patients (97%). Failure to recanalize the occluded arteries occurred in two cases, and was due to dissection. Early thrombosis and reocclusion (within 48 hours) was observed in five patients. The cumulative patency rate was 56% at one year. On the basis of these results, excimer laser assisted angioplasty seems a feasible and safe procedure. However, this technique did not solve the restenosis problem. A wide application of excimer laser as a stand alone approach can be foreseen for treatment of peripheral vascular disease.

  4. Successful Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty and Stenting in Acute Mesenteric Ischemia

    SciTech Connect

    Gartenschlaeger, Soeren [Charite University Medical Care in Berlin, Virchow Campus Hospital, Department of Radiology (Germany)], E-mail: soeren.gartenschlaeger@charite.de; Bender, Siegfried; Maeurer, Juergen [Klinikum Frankfurt (Oder) GmbH, Academic Teaching Hospital of Charite University Medical Care, Institute for Imaging Diagnostics (Germany); Schroeder, Ralf J. [Charite University Medical Care in Berlin, Virchow Campus Hospital, Department of Radiology (Germany)

    2008-03-15

    Acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) is a life-threatening emergency. The complications are high by the time of diagnosis in most cases and therefore only few data on primary percutaneous intervention with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and stenting in AMI are available. We present the case of an 84-year-old woman who presented to our emergency department complaining of an acute worsening of pre-existing abdominal periumbilical pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. She had previously undergone percutaneous transluminal embolectomy for an acute occlusion of the left common femoral artery. Due to suspicion of intestinal infarction, conventional angiography of the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) was performed and confirmed a proximal occlusion of the SMA. Percutaneous SMA recanalization with balloon dilation and subsequent stent implantation was carried out successfully. The abdominal symptoms subsided after this procedure. In AMI that is diagnosed early, endovascular stenting should be considered as an alternative treatment to the surgical approach that avoids the need for surgical bowel resection.

  5. In-hospital daily insulin dose predicts long-term adverse outcome in patients with diabetes with ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated with successful primary percutaneous angioplasty

    PubMed Central

    Peruga, Jan Z.; Kasprzak, Jaros?aw D.; Bendinger, Tomasz; Plewka, Michal; Dro?d?, Jaros?aw; Drzewoski, Józef; Krzeminska-Pakula, Maria

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Early initiation of reperfusion therapy including primary percutaneous coronary revascularization (PPCI) has been recognized as a crucial factor determining clinical outcomes in the acute phase of myocardial infarction. In unstable patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) the clear benefit from PPCI was proven. We aim to evaluate the prognostic value of factors describing glycometabolic state on admission in patients with T2D undergoing PPCI in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Material and methods Prospective analysis of clinical and laboratory variables (mean daily short acting exogenous insulin dose (DID), admission blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), microalbuminuria) was performed in 112 consecutive patients with T2D with STEMI who underwent PPCI. Women comprised 58% of the group. Results Insulin dosing was targeted to obtain a mean daily glucose level < 7.8 mmol/l. During 12-month follow-up 33 (29.5%) major adverse cardiac events (major adverse cardiac events (MACE) consisting of death, reinfarction, and repeated target vessel revascularization) were reported. Microalbuminuria was present in 68 (60.5%) patients. The mean HbA1c level was 7.9%. In the multivariate logistic regression model only DID > 44 IU remained an independent risk factor for MACE (p = 0.02, OR = 5.2). Conclusions In patients with diabetes with STEMI treated with PPCI, simple measurement of DID during hospitalization can add valuable prognostic information about the future risk of MACE. PMID:25395942

  6. Delayed coronary occlusion following primary successful angioplasty: Management and outcome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Schuchert; C. W. Hamm; P. Kalmar; W. Bleifeld

    1991-01-01

    Summary The treatment of delayed coronary occlusion after primary successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) is more difficult because surgical standby is often not available. The purpose of this study was to assess the therapeutic approaches and outcome of patients with delayed coronary occlusion from 30 to 180 minutes after successful PTCA. A delayed occlusion occurred in 18 (0.9%) (61±11

  7. Sampling variability of percutaneous liver biopsy in primary sclerosing cholangitis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R Olsson; I Hägerstrand; U Broomé; A Danielsson; G Järnerot; L Lööf; H Prytz; B O Rydén; S Wallerstedt

    1995-01-01

    AIMS--To study sampling variability of percutaneous liver biopsy in primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). METHODS--One hundred and twelve biopsy specimens (that is, 56 pairs) from 44 patients with PSC, confirmed by cholangiography, were evaluated blindly. Six different features, qualitative grading of four other features and staging according to Ludwig were assessed. RESULTS--Quantitative sampling variability was confined mainly to just one grade

  8. Computed tomography-guided percutaneous biopsy of bone lesions: rate of diagnostic success and complications*

    PubMed Central

    Maciel, Macello Jose Sampaio; Tyng, Chiang Jeng; Barbosa, Paula Nicole Vieira Pinto; Bitencourt, Almir Galvão Vieira; Matushita Junior, João Paulo Kawaoka; Zurstrassen, Charles Edouard; Chung, Wu Tu; Chojniak, Rubens

    2014-01-01

    Objective To determine the rates of diagnostic success and complications of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous biopsy of bone lesions suspected for malignancy. Materials and Methods Retrospective study including 186 cases of CT-guided percutaneous biopsies of bone lesions in the period from January, 2010 to December, 2012. All the specimens were obtained with 8-10 gauge needles. The following data were collected: demographics, previous history of malignancy, data related to the lesion, to the procedure, and to histological results. Results Most patients were women (57%), and the mean age was 53.0 ± 16.4 years. In 139 cases (74.6%), there was diagnostic suspicion of metastasis and the most common primary tumors were breast (32.1%) and prostate (11.8%). The bones most commonly involved were spine (36.0%), hip (32.8%) and long bones (18.3%). Complications occurred in only three cases (1.6%) including bone fracture, paresthesia with functional impairment, and needle breakage requiring surgical removal. The specimens collected from 183 lesions (98.4%) were considered appropriate for diagnosis. Malignant results were more frequently found in patients who had a suspected secondary lesion and history of known malignancy (p < 0.001), and in patients who underwent PET/CT-guided procedures (p = 0.011). Conclusion CT-guided percutaneous biopsy is a safe and effective procedure for the diagnosis of suspicious bone lesions. PMID:25741100

  9. Sampling variability of percutaneous liver biopsy in primary sclerosing cholangitis.

    PubMed Central

    Olsson, R; Hägerstrand, I; Broomé, U; Danielsson, A; Järnerot, G; Lööf, L; Prytz, H; Rydén, B O; Wallerstedt, S

    1995-01-01

    AIMS--To study sampling variability of percutaneous liver biopsy in primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). METHODS--One hundred and twelve biopsy specimens (that is, 56 pairs) from 44 patients with PSC, confirmed by cholangiography, were evaluated blindly. Six different features, qualitative grading of four other features and staging according to Ludwig were assessed. RESULTS--Quantitative sampling variability was confined mainly to just one grade or stage, although 11% (six of 56) of the biopsy specimen pairs differed by more than one stage (7% (one of 15) in pairs > 2 cm in length). Qualitative sampling variabilities were between 18 and 71%. Advanced disease (stages 3 or 4) was missed in 40% (two of five) of the biopsy specimens while cirrhosis was missed in 37%. CONCLUSION--Paired liver biopsy specimens should be taken in clinical studies of PSC using liver histology for evaluation or prognosis. PMID:8537493

  10. Primary succession in Mount Pinatubo

    PubMed Central

    Marler, Thomas E; del Moral, Roger

    2013-01-01

    Vegetation structure on the east flank of Mount Pinatubo was investigated to determine the inventory of species at 15 y post-eruption, then to ascertain environmental variables that have influenced the early patterns of primary succession. Unconstrained and constrained ordination methods were used to determine the influence of spatial, elevation, and substrate patterns on vegetation. Vegetation was assigned to one of 3 habitat types. Scours were eroded flat surfaces, terraces were perched flat surfaces, and talus piles were created along the canyon edges as mass waste events. The influence of habitat type on vegetation was multifaceted because they represent different conditions and different histories. The talus piles have preferential access to colonists from the vegetation on the canyon walls above and a more benign microclimate than the exposed terrace and scour sites. Scoured sites on the valley floor exhibited the least vegetation cover, as these substrates had the least mature surfaces and the most restricted capacity for root exploration. Perched terraces exhibited greater plant dominance than did the other habitats in the early stages of succession because of the ubiquitous appearance of Parasponia rugosa as initial colonists on these relatively flat surfaces. Polynomial canonical correspondence analysis was more closely aligned with the pattern of vegetation than linear canonical correspondence analysis, and therefore more closely approximated accurate descriptions of correlations among site ordination positions and measured variables. These results confirm that a variety of statistical approaches can clarify applications for restoration ecology following landslide and volcanic disturbances or agriculture and forestry anthropogenic disturbances in the lowland tropics. PMID:24505499

  11. Primary treatment of painful varicocoele through percutaneous retrograde embolization with fibred coils.

    PubMed

    Puche-Sanz, I; Flores-Martín, J F; Vázquez-Alonso, F; Pardo-Moreno, P L; Cózar-Olmo, J M

    2014-09-01

    The literature on the treatment of painful varicocoele is limited, likely because of the short period since it was recognized as a clinical entity and the limitations posed by the subjectivity of pain. Our aim was to systematically analyse the results of percutaneous embolization as the chosen treatment for this condition. We conducted a retrospective study of patients undergoing percutaneous embolization as primary treatment for painful varicocoele from January 2007 to November 2013. Radiologic and ultrasonographic successes were evaluated according to the existence or absence of venous reflux on venography after embolization and on Echo Doppler control at 3-6 months. Clinical success was assessed by Visual Analog Scale pain questionnaires before surgery and at 3-6 months; in addition, at the time of the study, telephone interviews were conducted to update the clinical situation and development. A total of 154 patients received operations. The median pain before surgery, at 3-6 months and at the time of interview was 7, 1 and 0 points respectively (p < 0.001). The ultrasonographic success rate at 3-6 months was 68.6%. With a median follow-up of 39 months, the success and relapse/clinical persistence rates were 86.9 and 13.1% respectively. By studying the degree of agreement between clinical success and ultrasonographic success, a kappa index = 0.443 was obtained. Patients with success recounted greater pre-operative pain scores than those who relapsed or persisted (7.5 vs. 5.0; p = 0.004). In patients with painful varicocoele, the ultrasonographic recurrence of venous reflux does not imply the recurrence of pain; hence, the proper assessment of success in these patients should include a systematic assessment of their pain and grade of reflux. Percutaneous retrograde embolization as a primary treatment for painful varicocoele is a clinically effective option with a high success rate that can be maintained in the long term, especially in patients with high pre-operative pain. PMID:25073877

  12. Thrombus burden and myocardial damage during primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Napodano, Massimo; Dariol, Gilberto; Al Mamary, Ahmed H; Marra, Martina Perazzolo; Tarantini, Giuseppe; D'Amico, Gianpiero; Frigo, Anna Chiara; Buja, Paolo; Razzolini, Renato; Iliceto, Sabino

    2014-05-01

    Large thrombus burden (LTB) lesions in the context of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) have been related to unsuccessful angiographic reperfusion and unfavorable clinical outcomes. However, the hazard of LTB treatment on myocardial damage has not been evaluated. We investigated the impact of LTB on myocardial damage using contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (CE-CMR) in the setting of p-PCI. In 327 patients, who underwent p-PCI without thrombus aspiration within 12 hours from symptom onset, we prospectively assessed the impact of LTB on infarct size and microvascular damage using CE-CMR. LTB was defined by the presence of Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction thrombus score ?3 in patent infarct-related artery (IRA); or by "cut-off" occlusion pattern and/or large reference vessel diameter (?3.5 mm) in occluded IRA. One hundred ninety-seven patients (60.2%) showed LTB and 130 (39.8%) did not. Distal embolization occurred in 18.8% patients with versus 6.9% without LTB (p = 0.003). At CE-CMR, patients with LTB had larger infarct size index (27.5 ± 11.1 vs 22.1 ± 17.5, p = 0.009) and more often transmural necrosis (70.5% vs 55.4%, p = 0.008) compared with patients without LTB. Excluding patients with distal embolization, patients with LTB still had larger necrosis. At multivariate analysis, occluded (IRA) at baseline, anterior infarction, and presence of LTB predicted transmural necrosis. In conclusion, LTB in the setting of p-PCI is related to larger myocardial damage as detected by CE-CMR, regardless of angiographic detectable distal embolization. PMID:24630783

  13. Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention of Anomalous Origin of Right Coronary Artery Above the Left Sinus of Valsalva in a Case with Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ceyhun Ceyhan; Tarkan Tekten; Alper O. Onbasili

    2004-01-01

    Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the ascending aorta above the left sinus of Valsalva is exceedingly rare. We presented a case with anomalous origin of the RCA above the left sinus of Valsalva with inferior wall myocardial infarction and successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention to this artery which is the first report in the literature.

  14. Successful transradial percutaneous coronary intervention in a patient with dextrocardia and situs inversus.

    PubMed

    Sinha, Ramanand P; Agarwal, Deepesh; Sarang, Arohi Mehul; Thakkar, Ashok Suryakant

    2015-01-01

    Dextrocardia with situs inversus is a rare clinical entity with an estimated incidence ranges from 1 in 8000 to 1 in10,000. Percutaneous intervention in patient with dextrocardia and situs inversus is clinically challenging due to abnormal orientation of coronary geometry and the intervention requires appropriate use of guiding catheters, engagement technique, appropriate radiological angles as well as views. In this case-report, we describe percutaneous intervention with stenting in 48-year-old male patient with dextrocardia and situs inversus. We successfully deployed drug-eluting stents in right coronary artery and left circumflex artery. PMID:25738020

  15. Successful Transradial Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in a Patient with Dextrocardia and Situs Inversus

    PubMed Central

    Agarwal, Deepesh; Sarang, Arohi Mehul; Thakkar, Ashok Suryakant

    2015-01-01

    Dextrocardia with situs inversus is a rare clinical entity with an estimated incidence ranges from 1 in 8000 to 1 in10,000. Percutaneous intervention in patient with dextrocardia and situs inversus is clinically challenging due to abnormal orientation of coronary geometry and the intervention requires appropriate use of guiding catheters, engagement technique, appropriate radiological angles as well as views. In this case-report, we describe percutaneous intervention with stenting in 48-year-old male patient with dextrocardia and situs inversus. We successfully deployed drug-eluting stents in right coronary artery and left circumflex artery. PMID:25738020

  16. Primary and Secondary Succession in America's Forests

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2001-01-01

    From PBS-American Field Guide, this website offers high school educators a multimedia lesson plan on Primary and Secondary Succession in Americas Forests. Hyperlinked video clips introduce students to several different North American Forests while learning about concepts associated with succession in both natural and disturbed environments.

  17. Successful repair of a ventricular assist system percutaneous lead.

    PubMed

    Pantalos, G M; Marks, J D; Richardson, E E; Nelson, K E; Long, J W

    1999-01-01

    A patient with an implanted, electrically powered, ventricular assist device (Thermo Cardiosystems VE HeartMate) experienced a partial break of the percutaneous lead 5 months after implantation. The break (limited to the Silicone rubber tube) occurred at the junction of the lead with the Y-connector to the controller and vent, leaving approximately 5 cm of exposed lead from the skin exit site to the connector. Electronic and pumping functions of the pump continued, but the opening in the lead (which went more that half way around the circumference) prevented the use of pneumatic actuation as a back-up mode for pump operation, and placed the pump at risk for contamination. Repair of the lead without surgical intervention was desirable, with ease of repair and minimal risk to the patient being the top priorities. The use of multiple layers of heat-shrink tubing or external metal stents was ruled out in favor of a three stage repair procedure. The first stage involved the removal of the Dacron velour in-growth material from the lead to expose the underlying Silicone rubber tube. While the opening in the tube was held shut, a coating of medical grade Silicone rubber adhesive was applied to the tube, then wrapped with a woven Dacron mesh, followed by two layers of plastic wrapping material to protect the adhesive. This initial layer was secured by an external stent of tubing with cable ties. After several days to allow for complete curing of the adhesive, the adhesive coating with mesh was repeated. The final step involved a double layer wrap of a 1 mm thick Silicone rubber sheeting with mesh incorporation and adhesive secured in place with cable ties. After completion of the repair and verification of the ability to operate the device with pneumatic actuation, the patient was discharged with no recurrence of the problem after 8 months of weekly follow-up. This experience demonstrates the need to clinically anticipate component repair or replacement without total device replacement in future implantable blood pump systems. PMID:10593696

  18. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST elevation myocardial infarction in octogenarians: trends and outcomes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bimmer E P M Claessen; Wouter J Kikkert; Annemarie E Engstrom; Loes P C Hoebers; Peter Damman; Marije M Vis; Karel T Koch; Baan J. Jr; Martijn Meuwissen; René J van der Schaaf; Robbert J de Winter; Jan G P Tijssen; Jan J Piek; José P S Henriques

    2010-01-01

    ObjectiveThe general population is gradually ageing in the western world. Therefore, the number of octogenarians undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is increasing. We aim to provide insight into temporal trends in the annual proportions of octogenarians among STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI and their clinical characteristics and outcomes over an 11-year observational period.DesignSingle-centre observational

  19. Role of depressive symptoms and self-efficacy of medication adherence in Korean patients after successful percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Son, Youn-Jung; Kim, Sun-Hee; Park, Jin-Hee

    2014-12-01

    This cross-sectional study sought to identify the prevalence of medication adherence and to explore the role of depression and self-efficacy on medication adherence among patients with coronary artery diseases. Participants were recruited among outpatients who successfully underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent at academic medical centres in Cheonan, South Korea. Medication adherence was evaluated by the eight-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale using a validated Korean version. Prevalence of non-adherent to medication was 60.3%. With non-depressed and high self-efficacy as reference and after adjusting for age and gender, the models showed that those with depression and low self-efficacy are more likely to be non-adherent to medication. Therefore, future studies should focus on the development of interventions designed to reduce depression and increase self-efficacy for improving patient adherence to cardiovascular medications following PCI. PMID:24118689

  20. Failure and Success of Percutaneous Angioplasty in a Hypertensive Child with Bilateral Renal Artery Stenosis

    SciTech Connect

    Giavroglou, Constantinos; Tsifountoudis, Ioannis, E-mail: jtsif@mycosmos.g [Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Department of Radiology, AHEPA Hospital (Greece); Boutzetis, Theodoros [Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Second Pediatric Clinic, AHEPA Hospital (Greece); Kiskinis, Dimitrios [Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, First Surgery Clinic, AHEPA Hospital (Greece)

    2009-01-15

    We describe the clinical course of a 5-year-old girl with severe arterial hypertension that was uncontrollable with antihypertensive medication. Renal angiography revealed bilateral renal artery stenoses. Because percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) failed to dilate the stenotic lesions, a renal artery bypass grafting in both renal arteries was performed. The patient remained normotensive for 7 months, and after that the arterial pressure increased again. Digital subtraction angiography demonstrated stenosis at the peripheral and central anastomosis of the vein graft that was used for revascularization of the left kidney. PTRA was decided on and successful patency was achieved. The patient has now been normotensive for a period of 5 years.

  1. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute myocardial infarction in a pediatric patient with giant coronary aneurysm due to Kawasaki disease.

    PubMed

    Mongiovì, Maurizio; Alaimo, Annalisa; Vernuccio, Federica; Pieri, Daniele

    2014-01-01

    We report a case of acute myocardial infarction in an 8-year-old boy with a history of Kawasaki disease and giant coronary aneurysms in the right and left coronary arteries. We performed coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention 4 hours after the onset of symptoms. This case suggests that primary percutaneous coronary intervention might be safe and effective in the long-term treatment of acute myocardial infarction due to coronary sequelae of Kawasaki. PMID:23601472

  2. A successful treatment of an intrarenal arteriovenous fistual by percutaneous embolization

    SciTech Connect

    Winkler, J.; Neuman-Levin, M.; Boner, G. (Beilinson Medical Center, Petah Tiqua (Israel) Univ. of Tel-Aviv (Israel))

    1991-02-06

    A 37-year-old woman patient, known to have poorly controlled arterial hypertension that was diagnosed following a cerebrovascular accident at the age of 15 years, was referred to the authors' outpatient clinic for investigation in 1987. An intrarenal arteriovenous fistula was diagnosed by selective renal angiography. Embolization of the fistula was performed using four 15-mm/5-cm coils, which induced thrombosis and obstructed the fistula. The vascularization of the affected kidney improved immediately. During the following 4 months, the antihypertensive treatment was stopped gradually, and the patient remained normotensive. This is an unusual case of a large intrarenal arteriovenous fistula, whose etiology was not clear, that was successfully treated by percutaneous embolization.

  3. Impact of proctoring on success rates for percutaneous revascularisation of coronary chronic total occlusions

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Vinoda; Jadhav, S T; Harcombe, A A; Kelly, P A; Mozid, A; Bagnall, A; Richardson, J; Egred, M; McEntegart, M; Shaukat, A; Oldroyd, K; Vishwanathan, G; Rana, O; Talwar, S; McPherson, M; Strange, J W; Hanratty, C G; Walsh, S J; Spratt, J C; Smith, W H T

    2015-01-01

    Objective To assess the impact of proctoring for chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in six UK centres. Methods We retrospectively analysed 587 CTO procedures from six UK centres and compared success rates of operators who had received proctorship with success rates of the same operators before proctorship (pre-proctored) and operators in the same institutions who had not been proctored (non-proctored). There were 232 patients in the pre-proctored/non-proctored group and 355 patients in the post-proctored group. Complexity was assessed by calculating the Japanese CTO (JCTO) score for each case. Results CTO PCI success was greater in the post-proctored compared with the pre-proctored/non-proctored group (77.5% vs 62.1%, p<0.0001). In more complex cases where JCTO?2, the difference in success was greater (70.7% vs 49.5%, p=0.0003). After proctoring, there was an increase in CTO PCI activity in centres from 2.5% to 3.5%, p<0.0001 (as a proportion of total PCI), and the proportion of very difficult cases with JCTO score ?3 increased from 15.3% (35/229) to 29.7% (105/354), p<0.0001. Conclusions Proctoring resulted in an increase in procedural success for CTO PCI, an increase in complex CTO PCI and an increase in total CTO PCI activity. Proctoring may be a valuable way to improve access to CTO PCI and the likelihood of procedural success. PMID:25852949

  4. Predictors of Technical Success and Rate of Complications of Image-Guided Percutaneous Transthoracic Lung Needle Biopsy of Pulmonary Tumors

    PubMed Central

    Otto, Stephan; Mensel, Birger; Friedrich, Nele; Schäfer, Sophia; Mahlke, Christoph; von Bernstorff, Wolfram; Bock, Karen; Hosten, Norbert; Kühn, Jens-Peter

    2015-01-01

    Purpose To investigate predictors of technical success and complications of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy of potentially malignant pulmonary tumors. Material and Methods From 2008 to 2009, technical success and rate of complications of CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic lung needle biopsies of patients with suspicious pulmonary tumors were retrospectively evaluated. The influence on technical success and rate of complications was assessed for intervention-related predictors (lesion diameter, length of biopsy pathway, number of pleural transgressions, and needle size) and patient-related predictors (age, gender, reduced lung function). In addition, technical success and rate of complications were compared between different interventional radiologists. Results One hundred thirty-eight patients underwent biopsies by 15 interventional radiologists. The overall technical success rate was 84.1% and was significantly different between interventional radiologists (range 25%-100%; p<0.01). Intervention-related and patient-related predictors did not influence the technical success rate. The overall complication rate was 59.4% with 39.1% minor complications and 21.0% major complications. The rate of complications was influenced by lesion diameter and distance of biopsy pathway. Interventional radiologist-related rates of complications were not statistically different. Conclusions Technical success of percutaneous, transthoracic lung needle biopsies of pulmonary tumors is probably dependent on the interventional radiologist. In addition, lesion diameter and length of biopsy pathway are predictors of the rate of complications. PMID:25855983

  5. Cytological Sampling Versus Forceps Biopsy During Percutaneous Transhepatic Biliary Drainage and Analysis of Factors Predicting Success

    SciTech Connect

    Tapping, C. R.; Byass, O. R.; Cast, J. E. I., E-mail: james.cast@hey.nhs.uk [Hull Royal Infirmary, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

    2012-08-15

    Purpose: To assess the accuracy of cytological sampling and forceps biopsy in obstructing biliary lesions and to identify factors predictive of success. Methods: Consecutive patients (n = 119) with suspected malignant inoperable obstructive jaundice treated with percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage during 7 years were included (60 male; mean age 72.5 years). All patients underwent forceps biopsy plus cytological sampling by washing the forceps device in cytological solution. Patient history, procedural and pathological records, and clinical follow-up were reviewed. Statistical analysis included chi-square test and multivariate regression analysis. Results: Histological diagnosis after forceps biopsy was more successful than cytology: Sensitivity was 78 versus 61%, and negative predictive value was 30 versus 19%. Cytology results were never positive when the forceps biopsy was negative. The cytological sample was negative and forceps sample positive in 2 cases of cholangiocarcinoma, 16 cases of pancreatic carcinoma, and 1 case of benign disease. Diagnostic accuracy was predicted by low bilirubin (p < 0.001), aspartate transaminase (p < 0.05), and white cell count (p {<=} 0.05). Conclusions: This technique is safe and effective and is recommended for histological diagnosis during PTBD in patients with inoperable malignant biliary strictures. Diagnostic yield is greater when bilirubin levels are low and there is no sepsis; histological diagnosis by way of forceps biopsy renders cytological sampling unnecessary.

  6. Risk stratification for ST segment elevation myocardial infarction in the era of primary percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Brogan, Richard A; Malkin, Christopher J; Batin, Phillip D; Simms, Alexander D; McLenachan, James M; Gale, Christopher P

    2014-01-01

    Acute coronary syndromes presenting with ST elevation are usually treated with emergency reperfusion/revascularisation therapy. In contrast current evidence and national guidelines recommend risk stratification for non ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) with the decision on revascularisation dependent on perceived clinical risk. Risk stratification for STEMI has no recommendation. Statistical risk scoring techniques in NSTEMI have been demonstrated to improve outcomes however their uptake has been poor perhaps due to questions over their discrimination and concern for application to individuals who may not have been adequately represented in clinical trials. STEMI is perceived to carry sufficient risk to warrant emergency coronary intervention [by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI)] even if this results in a delay to reperfusion with immediate thrombolysis. Immediate thrombolysis may be as effective in patients presenting early, or at low risk, but physicians are poor at assessing clinical and procedural risks and currently are not required to consider this. Inadequate data on risk stratification in STEMI inhibits the option of immediate fibrinolysis, which may be cost-effective. Currently the mode of reperfusion for STEMI defaults to emergency angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention ignoring alternative strategies. This review article examines the current risk scores and evidence base for risk stratification for STEMI patients. The requirements for an ideal STEMI risk score are discussed. PMID:25228966

  7. Percutaneous tracheostomy at the bedside: 13 tips for improving safety and success.

    PubMed

    Maxwell, Bryan G; Ganaway, Toni; Lighthall, Geoffrey K

    2014-01-01

    We have developed a set of routines and practices in the course of performing a large series (n = 70) of percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT). The 13 tips discussed in this review fall into 4 categories. System factors that facilitate training, patient safety, and avoidance of crises including the use of appropriate personnel, importance of timing, use of premedication, and the utility and content of a preprocedure briefing. Suggestions to prevent loss of the airway include tips on airway assessment, preparation of airway equipment, and use of exchange catheter techniques. Strategies to avoid and manage both microvascular and large-vessel bleeding are discussed. We also discuss the management of common postprocedure problems including tracheostomy tube obstruction, malposition requiring tube exchange or replacement, and air leak. The practical considerations for successful execution of PDT involve common sense, thorough planning, and structured approaches to prevent adverse effects if the procedure does not go as smoothly as expected. These strategies will aid anesthesiologists and intensivists in improving their comfort level, safety, and competence in performing this beside procedure. PMID:23753248

  8. Spontaneous Hemoperitoneum due to Rupture of Uterine Varicose Veins during Labor Successfully Treated by Percutaneous Embolization

    PubMed Central

    Díaz-Murillo, Rebeca; Tobías-González, Pablo; López-Magallón, Sara; Magdaleno-Dans, Fernando; Bartha, José L.

    2014-01-01

    Hemoperitoneum during pregnancy is a rare but potentially lethal clinical condition. Improvements in antenatal and intrapartum care, especially in surgical and anesthetic techniques, have reduced maternal mortality; perinatal mortality remains very high (31%). Treatment is based on the systemic correction of hypovolemia and immediate surgery via laparotomy or laparoscopy in cases in the first trimester of pregnancy for hemostatic purposes. Sometimes, hysterectomy is needed. A 35-year-old Asiatic primigravid woman at 37 weeks' gestation with otherwise uneventful pregnancy came to the hospital referring abrupt-onset lumbar and abdominal pain. A bleeding uterine superficial varicocele of about 7?cm was found on the left uterine horn during Caesarean section. Interventional radiologic embolization of both uterine arteries was successfully performed. Posterior evolution of the patient was favorable. Percutaneous vascular embolization of the uterine arteries is an effective alternative treatment for many obstetrical and gynecological causes of bleeding. The main advantage of this technique is the low rate of serious complications and the preservation of reproductive function. To our knowledge, this is the first case of spontaneous intrapartum hemoperitoneum treated with this technique. An early diagnosis and a rapid indication of this therapeutic option are essential. Hemodynamic stability is needed to decide this conservative management. PMID:25114819

  9. Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction in a Patient Taking Dabigatran for Chronic Anticoagulation

    PubMed Central

    Ahmed, Imdad

    2015-01-01

    Interventional cardiologists have few data on which to base clinical decisions regarding optimal care for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction patients who are taking therapeutic chronic oral anticoagulation. We present what we believe to be the first reported case of emergency coronary angiography and primary percutaneous coronary intervention in an ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction patient who was on a dabigatran regimen for atrial fibrillation. The patient tolerated the procedures well and had no observable bleeding sequelae. In addition to the patient's case, we discuss the current evidence regarding the periprocedural management of oral anticoagulation in patients who need coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention. PMID:25873830

  10. Increased neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio predicts persistent coronary no-flow after wire insertion in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Kurtul, Alparslan; Murat, Sani Namik; Yarlioglues, Mikail; Duran, Mustafa; Celik, Ibrahim Etem; Kilic, Alparslan; Ocek, Adil Hakan

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients presenting persistent no-flow after wire insertion have a lower survival rate despite successful mechanical intervention. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio has been associated with increased mortality and worse clinical outcomes in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. We hypothesized that an elevated neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio would also be associated with a persistent Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade of 0 after wire insertion in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: A total of 644 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention within 12 hours of symptom onset were included in our study. Blood samples were drawn immediately upon hospital admission. The patients were divided into 3 groups according to their Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade: Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade 0 after wire insertion, Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade 1-3 after wire insertion and Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade 1-3 at baseline. RESULTS: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio was significantly higher in the group with Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade 0 after wire insertion compared with the group with Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade 1-3 after wire insertion and the group with Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade 1-3 at baseline. The group with Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade 0 after wire insertion also had a significantly higher in-hospital mortality rate. Persistent coronary no-flow after wire insertion was independently associated with the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio. CONCLUSIONS: An increased neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio on admission is significantly associated with persistent coronary no-flow after wire insertion in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. PMID:25672427

  11. Prognosis of primary percutaneous coronary intervention in elderly patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction

    PubMed Central

    Alkhushail, Abdullah; Kohli, Sanjay; Mitchel, Andrew; Smith, Robert; Ilsely, Charles

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the prognosis of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) and medical therapy (MT) in elderly patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods A total of 238 STEMI patients aged above 80 and treated with PPCI (n = 186) and MT (n = 52) at Harefield Hospital, London were included in this study. Patients who did not have true STEMI based on non-diagnostic electrocardiogram (ECG) for STEMI and negative troponin, who presented with left bundle branch block (LBBB) and had normal coronaries were excluded from this study. Primary PCI was defined as any use of a guidewire for more than diagnostic purposes in patients with STEMI, whereas conventional MT was defined as treatment of patients with anti-platelets and anti-thrombotic medications without thrombolysis. Results The survival rate of PPCI patients was 86% (n = 160) at month 1 followed by 83.9% (n = 156) at month 6, and 81.2% (n = 151) at month 12. The survival rate of MT patients was 44.2% (n = 23) at month 1 followed by 36.5% (n = 19) at month 6, and 34.6% (n = 18) at month 12. Compared to MT, significantly fewer comorbidities were found in the PPCI group. Ventricular fibrillation (VF) (4.8%) and consequent admission to intensive care unit (7%) were the major complications of the PPCI group. Conclusion PPCI has a higher survival rate and, compared to MT, fewer comorbidities were observed in the PPCI group of elderly patients presenting with STEMI.

  12. Factors responsible for successful primary closure in bladder exstrophy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laxmikant S. Kasat; S. S. Borwankar

    2000-01-01

    To assess the important factors for successful primary closure in staged reconstruction of bladder exstrophy, 25 patients\\u000a (18 males, 7 females) underwent primary bladder closure during the years 1993–1997. Twenty-one were more than 72?h old; all\\u000a of these underwent bilateral posterior iliac osteotomies followed by primary bladder closure during the same anesthetic. Bladder\\u000a closure was done in a double layer.

  13. Successful image-guided percutaneous embolization of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm sac due to type II endoleak after endovascular repair.

    PubMed

    Wolosker, Nelson; Varella, Andrea Yasbek Monteiro; Teivelis, Marcelo Passos; Mendes, Cynthia de Almeida; Garcia, Rodrigo Gobbo; Pfeferman, Elcio

    2015-02-01

    The rupture of an aneurysm sac secondary to endoleak type II after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is a rare occurrence, routinely corrected by open surgery. Computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous embolization of the aneurysm sac is a safe, efficient, and minimally invasive treatment option. We present a case of an endoleak type II associated to aneurysm sac rupture successfully treated by CT-guided percutaneous embolization of the aneurysm sac. PMID:25463347

  14. The Primary Patency of Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty in Hemodialysis Patients With Vascular Access Failure

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Woo Shin; Pyun, Wook Bum

    2011-01-01

    Background and Objectives Dysfunction of arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) and arteriovenous grafts (AVGs) contributes significantly to morbidity and hospitalization in the dialysis population. We evaluated the primary patency of AVFs following percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in haemodialysis patients. Subjects and Methods We performed 231 interventions in 118 patients with a mean age of 62.1±12.9 years. We performed 122 interventions in 53 AVG patients (44.9%), and 109 interventions in 65 AVF patients (55.1%). If there was thrombosis of the vascular access, urokinase was administered and/or thrombus aspiration was performed. The stent was inserted when balloon dilatation did not expand sufficiently or elastic recoil occurred. Results For the 118 patients, the median patency time was 10.45±10.29 months at 92 months of follow-up. The primary patencies for stenotic AVFs at 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 months were 63.4%, 41.4%, 17.0%, 9.7%, 7.3%, and 2.4%, respectively. The primary patencies for AVGs at 6, 12, 24, and 36 months were 36.9%, 19.5%, 10.8%, 2.1%, respectively, and were obtained by means of the Kaplan-Meier analysis (log rank=6.42, p<0.05). The median patency time was 11.0 months and 4.45 months in the non-thrombus and thrombus groups, respectively. The complication rate was 1.73% (4/231); two cases of pseudoaneurysms and two cases of extravasation were detected. All therapy failures (5/231) occurred in thrombotic lesions of AVGs and were treated surgically. Conclusion PTA is an efficacious method for the correction of stenosis of AVFs for hemodialysis, thus prolonging the patency of the fistulas. PMID:22022326

  15. Histopathology of aspirated thrombi during primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute myocardial infarction.

    PubMed

    Steiner, Ivo; Spa?ek, Josef; Mat?jková, Adéla; Vojá?ek, Jan; Bis, Josef; Dušek, Jaroslav

    2014-01-01

    Thrombus aspiration in the setting of primary percutaneous coronary intervention is a recently recommended technique that facilitates thrombus removal from the culprit lesions in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. Thrombectomy specimens from 50 patients with symptoms of AMI lasting usually not more than 12 h were examined by methods of routine histology, immunohistochemistry (IHC), and electron microscopy (ELMI). In 36 patients, there were fresh thrombi, in 10 older thrombi (8 of them with simultaneous presence of a fresh thrombi) and in 3 atheroma material only (in additional 7 patients atheroma material was admixed to the thrombi), and in one patient, there was carcinoma embolus. To help to distinguish between fresh and older thrombi, we recommend IHC (presence of macrophages and endothelia) and ELMI (loss of density of the erythrocyte matrix and presence of macrophages). On the other hand, changes of neutrophils (IHC degranulation/lysis) and of platelets (ELMI degranulation) appear early and thus contribute little to distinguishing between fresh and older thrombi. It could be concluded that, in a substantial proportion of patients with AMI, there is a discrepancy between duration of the symptoms and microscopic picture of the coronary thrombus. The thrombus may apparently be symptomless for a period of days or even weeks. PMID:24985899

  16. Early detection of restenosis after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty by exercise-redistribution thallium scintigraphy

    SciTech Connect

    Wijns, W.; Serruys, P.W.; Reiber, J.H.; de Feyter, P.J.; van den Brand, M.; Simoons, M.L.; Hugenholtz, P.G.

    1985-02-01

    The value of exercise testing and thallium scintigraphy in predicting recurrence of angina pectoris and restenosis after a primary successful transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) was prospectively evaluated. In 89 patients, a symptom-limited exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) and thallium scintigraphy were performed 4 weeks after they had undergone successful PTCA. Thereafter, the patients were followed for 6.4 +/- 2.5 months (mean +/- standard deviation) or until recurrence of angina. They all underwent a repeat coronary angiography at 6 months or earlier if symptoms recurred. PTCA was considered successful if the patients had no symptoms and if the stenosis was reduced to less than 50% of the luminal diameter. Restenosis was defined as an increase of the stenosis to more than 50% luminal diameter. The ability of the thallium scintigram (presence of a reversible defect) to predict recurrence of angina was 66%, vs 38% for the exercise ECG (ST-segment depression or angina at peak workload). Restenosis was predicted in 74% of patients by thallium scintigraphy, but only in 50% of patients by the exercise ECG. Thus, thallium scintigraphy was highly predictive but the exercise ECG was not (p less than 0.005). These results suggest that restenosis had occurred to some extent already at 4 weeks after the PTCA in most patients in whom it was going to occur.

  17. Failure and Success of Percutaneous Angioplasty in a Hypertensive Child with Bilateral Renal Artery Stenosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Constantinos Giavroglou; Ioannis Tsifountoudis; Theodoros Boutzetis; Dimitrios Kiskinis

    2009-01-01

    We describe the clinical course of a 5-year-old girl with severe arterial hypertension that was uncontrollable with antihypertensive\\u000a medication. Renal angiography revealed bilateral renal artery stenoses. Because percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty\\u000a (PTRA) failed to dilate the stenotic lesions, a renal artery bypass grafting in both renal arteries was performed. The patient\\u000a remained normotensive for 7 months, and after that the arterial

  18. Differences of regional coronary flow reserve assessed by adenosine thallium-201 scintigraphy early and six months after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty or stent implantation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Francesco Versaci; Fabrizio Tomai; Francesco Nudi; Achille Gaspardone; Anna De Fazio; Massimo Ciavolella; Filippo Crea; Lucio Mango; Luigi Chiariello; Pier A. Gioffrè

    1996-01-01

    This study assesses regional coronary flow reserve using adenosine thallium-201 scintigraphy early and 6 months after angiographically successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) or stent implantation. Seventeen consecutive men with a significant isolated left anterior descending coronary artery stenosis were scheduled for repeat coronary angiography and adenosine-planar thallium-201 scintigraphy within 24 hours and 6 months after successful PTCA (n =

  19. Feasibility Limits of Transradial Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Acute Myocardial Infarction in

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    to transfemoral (TFI) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with improved clinical outcome driven starting of the angioplasty procedure, switch from TR to TF was not necessary in any patient. In total

  20. A Stoichiometric Model of Early Plant Primary Succession

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Justin N. Marleau; Yu Jin; John G. Bishop; William F. Fagan; Mark A. Lewis

    2011-01-01

    The relative importance of plant facilitation and competition during\\u000a primary succession depends on the development of ecosystem nutrient\\u000a pools, yet the interaction of these processes remains poorly understood.\\u000a To explore how these mechanisms interact to drive successional dynamics,\\u000a we devised a stoichiometric ecosystem-level model that considers the\\u000a role of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation in plant primary succession.\\u000a We applied this

  1. Severe renal vein stenosis of a kidney transplant with beneficial clinical course after successful percutaneous stenting.

    PubMed

    Obed, A; Uihlein, D C; Zorger, N; Farkas, S; Scherer, M N; Krüger, B; Banas, B; Krämer, B K

    2008-10-01

    A 51-year-old renal transplant recipient presented with marked renal function deterioration 13 months after renal transplantation. After exclusion of ureteral obstruction, transplant artery stenosis and acute rejection, the diagnosis of a severe renal vein stenosis was made by an MR scan. After angiographic confirmation of the stenosis, treatment was attempted with percutaneous stent angioplasty. The long-term clinical course was favorable, with marked improvement in renal function. Transplant renal vein stenosis is a rare, but potentially curable, cause of renal allograft functional deterioration. PMID:18828776

  2. A stoichiometric model of early plant primary succession.

    PubMed

    Marleau, Justin N; Jin, Yu; Bishop, John G; Fagan, William F; Lewis, Mark A

    2011-02-01

    The relative importance of plant facilitation and competition during primary succession depends on the development of ecosystem nutrient pools, yet the interaction of these processes remains poorly understood. To explore how these mechanisms interact to drive successional dynamics, we devised a stoichiometric ecosystem-level model that considers the role of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation in plant primary succession. We applied this model to the primary plant community on Mount St. Helens, Washington State, to check the validity of the proposed mechanisms. Our results show that the plant community is colimited by nitrogen and phosphorus, and they confirm previous suggestions that the presence of a nitrogen-fixing legume, Lupinus lepidus, can enhance community biomass. In addition, the observed nutrient supply rates may promote alternative successional trajectories that depend on the initial plant abundances, which may explain the observed heterogeneity in community development. The model further indicates the importance of mineralization rates and other ecosystem parameters to successional rates. We conclude that a model framework based on ecological stoichiometry allows integration of key biotic processes that interact nonlinearly with biogeochemical aspects of succession. Extension of this approach will improve the understanding of the process of primary succession and its application to ecosystem rehabilitation. PMID:21460559

  3. Difficult percutaneous mitral commissurotomy: failure of the Inoue balloon technique and successful double-balloon technique.

    PubMed

    Bennani, R; el Haitem, N; Aouad, A; Fellat, N; Fellat, I; Mouline, N; Benomar, M

    2001-02-01

    From December 1994 to May 1999, 487 patients underwent percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy according to the Inoue balloon technique for tight mitral stenosis. In three cases, the Inoue balloon technique was not possible because the catheter balloon could not enter the mitral orifice and the double-balloon technique was performed instead. In two cases, a flow-guided balloon catheter met the mitral orifice and the double-balloon technique was effective. In the third case, passing the valve with a flow balloon catheter was impossible, a 0.032" Terumo straight wire crossed the valve, which was dilated with a single balloon the first time and a double balloon the second time. The mitral valve area increased in the three cases from 0.8 to 1.8 cm2, from 0.7 to 1.6 cm2, and from 0.5 to 1.5 cm2, respectively. There were no complications. PMID:12053321

  4. [A case of hepatic encephalopathy successfully treated by antegrade glycerin enema through percutaneous endoscopic cecostomy].

    PubMed

    Tomikashi, Koichi; Nomura, Yuh; Miyawaki, Kiichiro; Shimada, Ayumi; Kanemitsu, Daisuke; Takashima, Hidetaka; Abe, Mitsumasa

    2008-01-01

    A 76-year-old man with liver cirrhosis, a chronic defecation disorder and a refractory hepatic encephalopathy was hospitalized for the hepatic encephalopathy. The encephalopathy quickly improved upon treatment, but a high level of serum ammonia persisted. We inserted a percutaneous endoscopic cecostomy at the cecum and an antegrade glycerin enema through it to treat the chronic defecation disorder, which was a deteriorative factor of the hepatic encephalopathy. After the aforementioned procedure, the chronic defecation disorder improved and the serum ammonia level dramatically decreased. The patient continued the antegrade glycerin enema at home, and serum ammonia values remained low in comparison to levels measured prior to the administration of treatment. The subject has not experienced a recurrence of hepatic encephalopathy. PMID:18176043

  5. Microemboli at the Different Stages of Percutaneous Transluminal Carotid Angioplasty and Stenting in Patients with Post–carotid Endarterectomy Restenosis Compared to Primary Stenosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gregory Telman; Madydi Halabi; Efim Kouperberg; Eliott Sprecher; Evgenia Nikolsky; Ahuzon Hoffman; Luis Gruberg; Rafael Beyar; David Yarnitsky

    2004-01-01

    Microembolization to cerebral arteries during percutaneous transluminal carotid angioplasty (PTCA) and stenting is well described, as well as different mural pathology in primary versus post–carotid endarterectomy (CEA) restenosis lesions. The purpose of this study is to investigate possible different patterns of embolization in regards to number and distribution of microembolic signals (high-intensity transient signals (HITS)) in patients with primary carotid

  6. Leading quality improvement in primary care: recommendations for success.

    PubMed

    Van Hoof, Thomas J; Bisognano, Maureen; Reinertsen, James L; Meehan, Thomas P

    2012-09-01

    Leadership is increasingly recognized as a potential factor in the success of primary care quality improvement efforts, yet little is definitively known about which specific leadership behaviors are most important. Until more research is available, the authors suggest that primary care clinicians who are committed to developing their leadership skills should commit to a series of actions. These actions include embracing a theory of leadership, modeling the approach for others, focusing on the goal of improving patient outcomes, encouraging teamwork, utilizing available sources of power, and reflecting on one's approach in order to improve it. Primary care clinicians who commit themselves to such actions will be more effective leaders and will be more prepared as new research becomes available on this important factor. PMID:22800874

  7. Comparison of the angiographic and scintigraphic evaluation of the success of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

    SciTech Connect

    Le Grand, V.; Wueron, F.; O'Neil, W.W.; Juni, J.; Gross, M.D.; Vogel, R.

    1984-01-01

    The hemodynamic effects of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) are difficult to assess as the change in the degree of arterial stenosis (AS) or transluminal pressure gradients (TPG) do not portray the functional result of this procedure. Diminished maximal hyperemic blood flow (MHBF) characterizes a functionally significant coronary lesion and the ratio of MHBF to basal coronary blood flow: the coronary flow reserve (CFR), which now can be estimated at the time of coronary angiography (CA), is an alternative approach to determining the physiologic significance of a lesion. CFR was obtained in 5 patients with single vessel coronary artery disease (CAD) and compared to stress Thallium-201 myocardial scintigraphy (T1), ejection fraction (EF) and ventricular wall motion (WM) by radionuclide ventriculography (RNV) and the results of CA (AS and TPG) before and after PTCA. Despite the persistence of moderate AS and/or a TPG, T1 and WM returned to normal when CFR was normalized. Thus, T1 and RNV are reliable, noninvasive indicators of the functional results of PTCA and can be used to assess its hemodynamic effects.

  8. Study of the possible medical and medication explanatory factors of angiographic outcomes in patients with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous intervention

    PubMed Central

    Eshraghi, Azadeh; Talasaz, Azita Hajhossein; Salamzadeh, Jamshid; Bahremand, Mostafa; Salarifar, Mojtaba; Nozari, Yones; Jenab, Yaser; Boroumand, Mohammad Ali; Vaseghi, Golnaz; Eshraghi, Nazanin

    2014-01-01

    Background: Myocardial blush grade (MBG), thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) and corrected TIMI frame count (cTFC) are indices of successful angiographic reperfusion. This study sought to determine the predictors of angiographically successful reperfusion including demographic, clinical and angiographic factors in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study of patients with a confirmed diagnosis of STEMI undergoing pPCI was designed. Eligible patients referring to a university heart center were enrolled in the study from March 2012 to December 2012. Successful epicardial reperfusion was defned as TIMI flow grade 3 or cTFC<= 28 frames and successful myocardial reperfusion as MBG 2 or 3. Results: The study population consisted of 100 patients, including 74 males and 26 females, with mean ± standard deviation age of 58.27 ± 11.60 years. Achieving open microvasculature (MBG 2/3) was positively associated with a history of nitrate intake (P = 0.03) and history of calcium channel blocker (CCB) intake (P = 0.005). Hyperglycemia was inversely associated with achieving a final cTFC ? 28 frames (r = ?0.32, P = 0.001). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that patients with a history of nitrate and CCB intake had a higher likelihood of successful PCI. In addition, patients with a higher blood glucose level on admission may have a reduced rate of reperfusion success. Future studies with a larger sample size are recommended to investigate the significant relationships observed in this study. PMID:25250300

  9. Retrograde Percutaneous Recanalization of Chronic Total Occlusion of the Coronary Arteries Procedural Outcomes and Predictors of Success in Contemporary Practice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sudhir Rathore; Osamu Katoh; Hitoshi Matsuo; Mitsuyasu Terashima; Nobuyoshi Tanaka; Yoshihisa Kinoshita; Masashi Kimura; Etsuo Tsuchikane; Mariko Ehara; Keiko Asakura; Yasushi Asakura; Takahiko Suzuki

    2010-01-01

    Background—Retrograde approach through collaterals has been introduced for percutaneous recanalization of chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the coronary arteries. We investigated the safety and efficacy of retrograde approaches used for percutaneous recanalization of CTO in a consecutive series of patients. Methods and Results—We studied 157 consecutive patients who underwent retrograde CTO recanalization between 2003 and 2008 at a single center.

  10. Population dynamics along a primary succession gradient: do alpine species fit into demographic succession theory?

    PubMed Central

    Marcante, Silvia; Winkler, Eckart; Erschbamer, Brigitta

    2009-01-01

    Background and Aims Understanding processes and mechanisms governing changes in plant species along primary successions has been of major importance in ecology. However, to date hardly any studies have focused on the complete life cycle of species along a successional gradient, comparing pioneer, early and late-successional species. In this study it is hypothesized that pioneer species should initially have a population growth rate, ?, greater than one with high fecundity rates, and declining growth rates when they are replaced by late-successional species. Populations of late-successional species should also start, at the mid-successional stage (when pioneer species are declining), with growth rates greater than one and arrive at rates equal to one at the late successional stage, mainly due to higher survival rates that allow these species to persist for a long time. Methods The demography of pioneer- (Saxifraga aizoides), early (Artemisia genipi) and late-successional species (Anthyllis vulneraria ssp. alpicola) was investigated together with that of a ubiquitous species (Poa alpina) along the Rotmoos glacier foreland (2300–2400 m a.s.l., Central Alps, Austria) over 3 years. A matrix modelling approach was used to compare the main demographic parameters. Elasticity values were plotted in a demographic triangle using fecundity, individual growth and survival as vital rates contributing to the population growth rates. Key Results The results largely confirmed the predictions for population growth rates during succession. However, high survival rates of larger adults characterized all species, regardless of where they were growing along the succession. At the pioneer site, high mortality rates of seedlings, plantlets and young individuals were recorded. Fecundity was found to be of minor relevance everywhere, but it was nevertheless sufficient to increase or maintain the population sizes. Conclusions Demographically, all the species over all sites behaved like late-successional or climax species in secondary successions, mainly relying on survival of adult individuals. Survival serves as a buffer against temporal variation right from the beginning of the primary succession, indicating a major difference between primary and secondary succession. PMID:19273477

  11. Successful percutaneous coronary intervention for severe stenosis of a double right coronary artery.

    PubMed

    Sucu, Murat; Ozer, Orhan; San, Ibrahim; Davutoglu, Vedat

    2009-08-01

    Anomalies of the coronary arteries are uncommon and often asymptomatic. Double right coronary artery (RCA) is a very rare coronary anomaly. So far, the number of reported cases of double RCA is low. We describe a case of a 50-year-old female patient hospitalised with the diagnosis of unstable angina pectoris. RCA injection showed filling of two separately originating RCA, coursing towards the right atrioventricular groove. Coronary angioplasty was successful. PMID:19784894

  12. Successful conservative management of a colorenal fistula complicating percutaneous cryoablation of renal tumors: a case report

    E-print Network

    Morgan, Amir IS; Doble, Andrew; Davies, R Justin

    2012-10-26

    resolution after placement of an internal ureteric stent. Our experience suggests that, in the absence of symptoms indicating that surgery may be required, such as intestinal obstruction, bleeding, sepsis, or renal failure [6], symptoms of a colorenal fistula... . Abdom Imaging 1997, 22:96–99. 6. Feldman M, Friedman S, Brandt LJ: Sleisenger & Fordtran’s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 8th edition. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2006:534–538. doi:10.1186/1752-1947-6-365 Cite this article as: Morgan et al.: Successful...

  13. Patterns of primary succession on the foreland of Coleman Glacier, Washington, USA

    E-print Network

    del Moral, Roger

    -1 Patterns of primary succession on the foreland of Coleman Glacier, Washington, USA Chad C. Jones, and vegetation heterogeneity during primary succession on the foreland of Coleman Glacier, in Washington State

  14. Histopathological Features of Aspirated Thrombi after Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients with ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction

    PubMed Central

    Kramer, Miranda C.; van der Wal, Allard C.; Koch, Karel T.; Rittersma, Saskia Z.; Li, Xiaofei; Ploegmakers, Hanneke P.; Henriques, José P.; van der Schaaf, René J.; Baan, Jan; Vis, Marije M.; Meesterman, Martin G.; Piek, Jan J.; Tijssen, Jan G.; de Winter, Robbert J.

    2009-01-01

    Background Plaque disruption with superimposed thrombus is the predominant mechanism responsible for the onset of acute coronary syndromes. Studies have shown that plaque disruption and thrombotic occlusion are frequently separated in time. We established the histopathological characteristics of material aspirated during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in a large consecutive ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) population. Methodology/Principal Findings Thrombus aspiration during primary PCI was performed in 1,362 STEMI patients. Thrombus age was classified as fresh (<1 day), lytic (1–5 days), or organized (>5 day). Further, the presence of plaque was documented. The histopathological findings were related to the clinical, angiographic, and procedural characteristics. Material could be aspirated in 1,009 patients (74%). Components of plaque were found in 395 of these patients (39%). Fresh thrombus was found in 577 of 959 patients (60%) compared to 382 patients (40%) with lytic or organized thrombi. Distal embolization was present in 21% of patients with lytic thrombus compared to 12% and 15% of patients with fresh or organized thrombus. Conclusions/Significance Material could be obtained in 74% of STEMI patients treated with thrombus aspiration during primary PCI. In 40% of patients thrombus age is older than 24 h, indicating that plaque disruption and thrombus formation occur significantly earlier than the onset of symptoms in many patients. PMID:19503788

  15. Percutaneous peripheral excimer laser angioplasty: immediate success rate and short-term outcome

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Visona, Adriana; Liessi, Guido; Bonanome, Andrea; Lusiani, Luigi; Miserocchi, Luigi; Pagnan, Antonio

    1991-05-01

    Excimer Laser Angioplasty was attempted in 47 patients (36 males, 11 females, mean age 62+/- 7 years, range 39-77 years), affected by peripheral vascular disease. Thirty-seven patients had a total occlusion of the superficial femoral artery, 3 of the iliac artery and 1 of the popliteal artery; 6 patients showed a subocclusive stenosis of the superficial femoral artery. Occlusions and subocclusive stenoses were classified by length: < 10 cm (28 cases), > 10 cm (19 cases). A commercial excimer laser (Technolas Max-10) was used at the Xenon- Chloride wavelength of 308 nm. The laser operated at 60 ns pulse length and at 20-40 Hz repetition rate. Applied energy fluence was 20 mJ/pulse. The energy was delivered through a multifiber catheter, which combines 12 (7F) or 18 (9F) fibers (260 micron diameter each), concentrically arranged. Balloon dilatation was associated to complete the procedure in 38 cases. The treated arteries were successfully recanalized in 41 out of 47 patients (87%). Hemodynamic improvement was confirmed by a significant increase of ankle/brachial systolic pressure index (from 0.60+/- 0.17 to 0.79+/- 0.20, p < 0.005). Failure to recanalize arterial occlusion occurred in 6 cases, and was due to dissection in 3 patients and inability to cross the final segment of a long occlusion in 3 patients. The success rate was higher for lesions < 10 cm in length. Early reocclusion was observed in 7 patients and was associated with poor run-off. The cumulative patency rate at 1 month was 90.7%. Preliminary results are encouraging. More suitable catheters and better selection of patients should improve the efficacy of laser angioplasty and should allow to perform laser procedures without combining balloon angioplasty.

  16. Fibrinolytic Therapy Versus Primary Percutaneous Coronary Interventions for ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction in Kentucky: Time to Establish Systems of Care?

    PubMed Central

    Wallace, Eric L.; Kotter, John R.; Charnigo, Richard; Kuvlieva, Liliana B.; Smyth, Susan S.; Ziada, Khaled M.; Campbell, Charles L.

    2013-01-01

    Background Fibrinolytic therapy is recommended for ST-segment myocardial infarctions (STEMI) when primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is not available or cannot be performed in a timely manner. Despite this recommendation, patients often are transferred to PPCI centers with prolonged transfer times, leading to delayed reperfusion. Regional approaches have been developed with success and we sought to increase guideline compliance in Kentucky. Methods A total of 191 consecutive STEMI patients presented to the University of Kentucky (UK) Chandler Medical Center between July 1, 2009 and June 30, 2011. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality and the secondary outcomes were major adverse cardiovascular events, extent of myocardial injury, bleeding, and 4) length of stay. Patients were analyzed by presenting facility—the UK hospital versus an outside hospital (OSH)—and treatment strategy (PPCI vs fibrinolytic therapy). Further analyses assessed primary and secondary outcomes by treatment strategy within transfer distance and compliance with American Heart Association guidelines. Results Patients presenting directly to the UK hospital had significantly shorter door-to-balloon times than those presenting to an OSH (83 vs 170 minutes; P < 0.001). This did not affect short-term mortality or secondary outcomes. By comparison, OSH patients treated with fibrinolytic therapy had a numeric reduction in mortality (4.0% vs 12.3%; P = 0.45). Overall, only 20% of OSH patients received timely reperfusion, 13% PPCI, and 42% fibrinolytics. In a multivariable model, delayed reperfusion significantly predicted major adverse cardiovascular events (odds ratio 3.87, 95% confidence interval 1.15–13.0; P = 0.02), whereas the presenting institution did not. Conclusions In contemporary treatment of STEMI in Kentucky, ongoing delays to reperfusion therapy remain regardless of treatment strategy. For further improvement in care, acceptance of transfer delays is necessary and institutions should adopt standardized protocols in association with a regional system of care. PMID:23820318

  17. Experiences in US-Guided Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation of 44 Renal Tumors in 31 Patients: Analysis of Predictors for Complications and Technical Success

    SciTech Connect

    Veltri, Andrea, E-mail: andrea_veltri@infinito.it; Calvo, Amedeo; Tosetti, Irene [University of Turin, Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Pagano, Eva [University of Turin, Unit of Cancer Epidemiology (Italy); Genovesio, Andrea; Virzi, Valentina [University of Turin, Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Ferrando, Ugo [San Giovanni Battista Hospital, Unit of Urology (Italy); Fontana, Dario [University of Turin, Institute of Urology (Italy); Gandini, Giovanni [University of Turin, Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy)

    2006-10-15

    Purpose. Preliminary clinical studies have shown the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of radiofrequency thermal ablation (RFA) of renal tumors, but only a few have analyzed the prognostic factors for technical success and there are no long-term results. Our objective was to statistically evaluate our mid-term results of percutaneous US-guided RFA in order to define predictors for complications and technical success. Methods. We selected for treatment 44 tumors in 31 patients (24 with renal cell carcinoma, 7 with hereditary tumors, 15 with a solitary kidney), up to 5 cm in diameter. Results. Eight adverse events occurred; 3 (6.8%) were major complications, successfully treated with interventional radiology procedures in 2 cases. Exophytic extension of the tumor was protective against complications (p 0.040). Technical success was obtained in 38 lesions after one RFA session and in 39 (89%) after one more session, when possible. At the end of treatment, central extension was the only negative predictor for technical success (p = 0.007), while neither size >3 cm (p = 0.091) nor other prognostic factors were statistically significant. Conclusion. US-guided percutaneous RFA can be proposed for non-central renal tumors up to 5 cm, also in patients without surgical contraindications, thanks to a low incidence of complications and a high success rate. Randomized controlled trials versus surgery are now needed to investigate long-term comparative results.

  18. The relationship between epicardial adipose tissue and ST-segment resolution in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Zencirci, Ertu?rul; Zencirci, Aycan Esen; De?irmencio?lu, Aleks; Karaku?, Gültekin; U?urlucan, Murat; Özden, K?v?lc?m; Erdem, Aysun; Güllü, Ahmet Ümit; Ekmekçi, Ahmet; Velibey, Yalç?n; Erer, Hatice Betül; Çelik, Seden; Akyol, Ahmet

    2015-03-01

    The relationship between epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and coronary artery disease has been predominantly demonstrated in the last two decades. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of EAT thickness on ST-segment resolution that reflects myocardial reperfusion in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The present study prospectively included 114 consecutive patients (mean age 54 ± 10 years, range 35-83, 15 women) with first acute STEMI who underwent successful pPCI. ST-segment resolution (?STR) <70 % was accepted as ECG sign of no-reflow phenomenon. The EAT thickness was measured by two-dimensional echocardiography. EAT thickness was increased in patients with no-reflow (3.9 ± 1.7 vs. 5.4 ± 2, p = 0.001). EAT thickness was also found to be inversely correlated with ?STR (r = -0.414, p = 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that EAT thickness independently predicted no-reflow (OR 1.43, 95 % CI 1.13-1.82, p = 0.003). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis demonstrated good diagnostic accuracy for EAT thickness in predicting no-reflow [area under curve (AUC) = 0.72, 95 % CI 0.63-0.82, p < 0.001]. In conclusion, increased EAT thickness may play an important role in the prediction of no-reflow in STEMI treated with pPCI. PMID:24413852

  19. Primary succession in Mount Pinatubo: Habitat availability and ordination analysis.

    PubMed

    Marler, Thomas E; Del Moral, Roger

    2013-11-01

    Vegetation structure on the east flank of Mount Pinatubo was investigated to determine the inventory of species at 15 y post-eruption, then to ascertain environmental variables that have influenced the early patterns of primary succession. Unconstrained and constrained ordination methods were used to determine the influence of spatial, elevation, and substrate patterns on vegetation. Vegetation was assigned to one of 3 habitat types. Scours were eroded flat surfaces, terraces were perched flat surfaces, and talus piles were created along the canyon edges as mass waste events. The influence of habitat type on vegetation was multifaceted because they represent different conditions and different histories. The talus piles have preferential access to colonists from the vegetation on the canyon walls above and a more benign microclimate than the exposed terrace and scour sites. Scoured sites on the valley floor exhibited the least vegetation cover, as these substrates had the least mature surfaces and the most restricted capacity for root exploration. Perched terraces exhibited greater plant dominance than did the other habitats in the early stages of succession because of the ubiquitous appearance of Parasponia rugosa as initial colonists on these relatively flat surfaces. Polynomial canonical correspondence analysis was more closely aligned with the pattern of vegetation than linear canonical correspondence analysis, and therefore more closely approximated accurate descriptions of correlations among site ordination positions and measured variables. These results confirm that a variety of statistical approaches can clarify applications for restoration ecology following landslide and volcanic disturbances or agriculture and forestry anthropogenic disturbances in the lowland tropics. PMID:24505499

  20. Antithrombotic therapy and outcomes of patients with atrial fibrillation following primary percutaneous coronary intervention: results from the APEX-AMI trial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Renato D. Lopes; Laine E. Elliott; Harvey D. White; Judith S. Hochman; Frans Van de Werf; Diego Ardissino; Torsten T. Nielsen; W. Douglas Weaver; Petr Widimsky; Paul W. Armstrong; Christopher B. Granger

    We studied 5745 ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in APEX-AMI. Approximately 11% had AF during hospitalization. Atrial fibrillation prevalence at baseline and at discharge was 4.8% (confidence interval (CI) 4.3-5.4%) and 2.5% (CI 2.1-2.9%), respectively. The proportion of 5466 patients without AF at baseline who developed new onset AF was 6.3% (CI 5.6-6.9%).

  1. Assessment of Myocardial Reperfusion by Intravenous Myocardial Contrast Echocardiography and Coronary Flow Reserve After Primary Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angiography in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wolfgang Lepper; Rainer Hoffmann; Otto Kamp; Andreas Franke; Carel C. de Cock; Harald P. Kuhl; Gertjan T. Sieswerda; Jurgen vom Dahl; Uwe Janssens; Paolo Voci; Cees A. Visser; Peter Hanrath

    2010-01-01

    Background—This study investigated whether the extent of perfusion defect determined by intravenous myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated by primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) relates to coronary flow reserve (CRF) for assessment of myocardial reperfusion and is predictive for left ventricular recovery. Methods and Results—Twenty-five patients with first AMI underwent intravenous MCE with

  2. Primary Students' Success on the Structured Number Line

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diezmann, Carmel M.; Lowrie, Tom; Sugars, Lindy A.

    2010-01-01

    Number lines are part of people's everyday life and are frequently used in primary mathematics as instructional aids, in texts, and for assessment purposes on mathematics tests. There are two types of number lines; (1) structured number lines, which are the focus of this paper; and (2) empty number lines. Structured number lines represent…

  3. Immunoglobulin Replacement Therapy in Primary Antibody Deficiency Diseases – Maximizing Success

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anne Durandy; Volker Wahn; Steve Petteway; Erwin W. Gelfand

    2005-01-01

    Antibody or humoral immunodeficiencies comprise the largest group of primary immunodeficiency diseases. Since the first description of patients with low gammaglobulin levels more than four decades ago, a great wealth of information has been accumulated. Especially in the last several years, the application of molecular and genetic techniques has unraveled many of these disorders, identifying disorders of B cell development,

  4. Successful treatment of giant rectal varices by modified percutaneous transhepatic obliteration with sclerosant: Report of a case

    PubMed Central

    Okazaki, Hirotoshi; Higuchi, Kazuhide; Shiba, Masatsugu; Nakamura, Shirou; Wada, Tomoko; Yamamori, Kazuki; Machida, Ai; Kadouchi, Kaori; Tamori, Akihiro; Tominaga, Kazunari; Watanabe, Toshio; Fujiwara, Yasuhiro; Nakamura, Kenji; Arakawa, Tetsuo

    2006-01-01

    We present a female patient with continuous melena, diagnosed with rectal variceal bleeding. She had a history of esophageal varices, which were treated with endoscopic therapy. Five years after the treatment of esophageal varices, continuous melena occurred. Since colonoscopy showed that the melena was caused by giant rectal varices, we thought that they were not suitable to receive endoscopic treatment. We chose the modified percutaneous transhepatic obliteration with sclerosant, which is one of the interventional radiology techniques but a new clinical procedure for rectal varices. After the patient received this therapy, her condition of rectal varices was markedly improved. PMID:16981280

  5. Methanogen communities along a primary succession transect of mire ecosystems.

    PubMed

    Merilä, Päivi; Galand, Pierre E; Fritze, Hannu; Tuittila, Eeva-Stiina; Kukko-Oja, Kari; Laine, Jukka; Yrjälä, Kim

    2006-02-01

    Peat accumulating mires are important sources of the greenhouse gas methane. Methane emissions and methanogenic Archaea communities have been shown to differ between fens and bogs, implying that mire succession includes an ecological succession in methanogen communities. We investigated methane production and the methanogen communities along a chronosequence of mires (ca. 100-2,500 years), which consisted of five sites (1-5) located on the land-uplift coast of the Gulf of Bothnia. Methane production was measured in a laboratory incubation experiment. Methanogen communities were determined by amplification of a methyl coenzyme M-reductase (mcr) gene marker and analyzed by terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism. The terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism fingerprinting resulted in 15 terminal restriction fragments. The ordination configuration of the terminal restriction fragments data, using nonmetric multidimensional scaling, showed a clear gradient in the methanogen community structure along the mire chronosequence. In addition, fingerprint patterns of samples from the water table level and 40 cm below differed from one another in the bog site (site 5). Methane production was negligible in the three youngest fen sites (sites 1-3) and showed the highest rates in the oligotrophic fen site (site 4). Successful PCR amplification using mcr gene primers revealed the presence of a methanogen community in all five sites along the study transect. PMID:16420630

  6. Stereotactic Mechanical Percutaneous Renal Access

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JEFFREY A. CADEDDU; DAN STOIANOVICI; ROLAND N. CHEN; ROBERT G. MOORE; LOUIS R. KAVOUSSI

    1998-01-01

    Obtaining accurate percutaneous renal access when treating intrarenal disease requires substantial skill. Ro- botic devices have been used in a variety of surgical applications and have been successful in facilitating per- cutaneous puncture while improving accuracy. Laboratory models of robotic devices for percutaneous renal access have also been developed. However, several technical hurdles need to be addressed. One relates to

  7. Direct Primary or Secondary Percutaneous Ureteral Stenting: What Is the Most Compliant Option in Patients with Malignant Ureteral Obstructions?

    SciTech Connect

    Carrafiello, Gianpaolo, E-mail: gcarraf@tin.it; Lagana, Domenico; Lumia, Domenico; Giorgianni, Andrea; Mangini, Monica; Santoro, Domenico [University of Insubria, Radiology Department (Italy); Cuffari, Salvatore [University of Insubria, Anesthesia Department (Italy); Marconi, Alberto [University of Insubria, Urology Department (Italy); Novario, Raffaele [University of Insubria, Physical Medicine Department (Italy); Fugazzola, Carlo [University of Insubria, Radiology Department (Italy)

    2007-09-15

    The objective of this study was to analyze three ureteral stenting techniques in patients with malignant ureteral obstructions, considering the indications, techniques, procedural costs, and complications. In the period between June 2003 and June 2006, 45 patients with bilateral malignant ureteral obstructions were evaluated (24 males, 21 females; average age, 68.3; range, 42-87). All of the patients were treated with ureteral stenting: 30 (mild strictures) with direct stenting (insertion of the stent without predilation), 30 (moderate/severe strictures) with primary stenting (insertion of the stent after predilation in a one-stage procedure), and 30 (mild/moderate/severe strictures with infection) with secondary stenting (insertion of the stent after predilation and 2-3 days after nephrostomy). The incidence of complications and procedural costs were compared by a statistical analysis. The primary technical success rate was 98.89%. We did not observe any major complications. The minor complication rate was 11.1%. The incidence of complications for the various techniques was not statistically significantly. The statistical analysis of costs demonstrated that the average cost of secondary stenting ( Euro 637; SD, Euro 115) was significantly higher than that of procedures which involved direct or primary stenting ( Euro 560; SD, Euro 108). We conclude that one-step stenting (direct or primary) is a valid option to secondary stenting in correctly selected patients, owing to the fact that when the procedure is performed by expert interventional radiologists there are high technical success rates, low complication rates, and a reduction in costs.

  8. Embolization of Bleeding Stomal Varices by Direct Percutaneous Approach

    SciTech Connect

    Arulraj, Ramakrishnan, E-mail: arulraas@yahoo.com [Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Liver Unit (United Kingdom); Mangat, Kamarjit S., E-mail: Kamarjit.mangat@uhb.nhs.uk [Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Tripathi, Dhiraj, E-mail: d.tripathi@bham.ac.uk [Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Liver Unit (United Kingdom)

    2011-02-15

    Stomal varices can occur in patients with stoma in the presence of portal hypertension. Suture ligation, sclerotherapy, angiographic embolization, stoma revision, beta blockade, portosystemic shunt, and liver transplantation have been described as therapeutic options for bleeding stomal varices. We report the case of a 21-year-old patient with primary sclerosing cholangitis and colectomy with ileostomy for ulcerative colitis, where stomal variceal bleeding was successfully treated by direct percutaneous embolization. We consider percutaneous embolization to be an effective way of treating acute stomal bleeding in decompensated patients while awaiting decisions regarding shunt procedures or liver transplantation.

  9. Quality of Life Should Be Considered the Primary Outcome for Measuring Success of Endometrial Ablation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jason A. Abbott; Jed Hawe; Ray Garry

    2003-01-01

    Study ObjectiveTo compare clinical and quality of life outcomes by validated instruments after endometrial ablation by four methods, and determine the primary outcome that most reflects procedure success.

  10. Strategies for and Successes with Promoting Social Integration in Primary Schools in Canada and China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyson, Lily

    2012-01-01

    This study examined social integration in 11 primary schools in Canada and 19 primary schools in China as reported by teachers in terms of the strategies employed to promote social integration and success in achieving social integration. Structured interviews were conducted with 64 Canadian and 52 Chinese general education teachers. The results…

  11. The Clinical and Radiographic Success of Bonded Resin Composite Strip Crowns for Primary Incisors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ari Kupietzky; William F. Waggoner; Jon Galea

    2003-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the clinical and radiographic success of the treatment of maxillary anterior primary incisors with composite resin strip crowns placed in a private practice setting. Methods: This was a retrospective, clinical study of patients who had strip crowns (SC) placed on maxillary primary incisors, returned for at least 1, 6-month recall examina-

  12. Journal of Vegetation Science 23 (2012) 7385 Primary succession trajectories on pumice at Mount

    E-print Network

    del Moral, Roger

    Journal of Vegetation Science 23 (2012) 73­85 Primary succession trajectories on pumice at Mount St patterns during succession? Location: Pumice Plain of Mount St. Helens (46.23449°N; 122.15929°W, 1230 m a.s.l.), which was sterilized in 1980 by a direct volcanic blast, then bur- ied in pumice. Methods: We monitored

  13. The significance of waterfowl grazing in the primary vegetation succession on embanked sandflats

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Joenje; Fakgroep Vegetatiekunde

    1985-01-01

    In the annual stage of a primary plant succession on desalinating sandflats of the Lauwerszeepolder, N Netherlands, grazing by waterfowl is a dominant factor, as is illustrated by exclosures. It is concluded from population dynamical data, that both the removal of biomass and the predation of seeds sustain the annual species and retard succession to wards the next stage of

  14. Recommendation to develop strategies to increase the number of ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction patients with timely access to primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Jacobs, Alice K; Antman, Elliott M; Ellrodt, Gray; Faxon, David P; Gregory, Tammy; Mensah, George A; Moyer, Peter; Ornato, Joseph; Peterson, Eric D; Sadwin, Larry; Smith, Sidney C

    2006-05-01

    Although evidence suggests that primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the preferred reperfusion strategy in the majority of patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), only a minority of patients with STEMI are treated with primary PCI, and of those, only a minority receive the treatment within the recommended 90 minutes after entry into the medical system. Market research conducted by the American Heart Association revealed that those involved in the care of patients with STEMI recognize the multiple barriers that prevent the prompt delivery of primary PCI and agree that it is necessary to develop systems or centers of care that will allow STEMI patients to benefit from primary PCI. The American Heart Association will convene a group of stakeholders (representing the interests of patients, physicians, emergency medical systems, community hospitals, tertiary hospitals, and payers) and quality-of-care and outcomes experts to identify the gaps between the existing and ideal delivery of care for STEMI patients, as well as the requisite policy implications. Working within a framework of guiding principles, the group will recommend strategies to increase the number of STEMI patients with timely access to primary PCI. PMID:16569790

  15. Effects of baseline coronary occlusion and diabetes mellitus in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Piccolo, Raffaele; Galasso, Gennaro; Iversen, Allan Zeeberg; Eitel, Ingo; Dominguez-Rodriguez, Alberto; Gu, Youlan L; de Smet, Bart J G L; Mahmoud, Karim D; Abreu-Gonzalez, Pedro; Trimarco, Bruno; Thiele, Holger; Piscione, Federico

    2014-10-15

    Several studies have highlighted the prognostic role of preprocedural Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow in the infarct-related artery (IRA) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, the impact of preprocedural IRA occlusion in patients with diabetes with STEMI has been insufficiently studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of baseline IRA occlusion and diabetic status in patients with STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention by using data from a pooled analysis of randomized trials comparing intracoronary with intravenous abciximab bolus administration. A total of 3,046 patients with STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention were included. Diabetes was present in 578 patients (19%). The primary outcome was mortality after a median follow-up period of 375 days. Secondary end points were reinfarction and stent thrombosis. In patients without diabetes, IRA occlusion versus no occlusion was not associated with increased rates of mortality (4.3% vs 2.7%, p = 0.051) and reinfarction (3.3% vs 2.5%, p = 0.33). Patients with diabetes with IRA occlusion compared with those without occlusion showed higher rates of mortality (10.6% vs 4.6%, p = 0.01) and reinfarction (5.6% vs 2.1%, p = 0.03). Baseline IRA occlusion increased the rate of stent thrombosis in the nondiabetic (2.1% vs 1.0%, p = 0.04) and diabetic (3.2% vs 0.8%, p = 0.05) cohorts. Interaction analysis demonstrated that the risk for death and reinfarction was significantly increased when diabetes and IRA occlusion occurred concomitantly. In conclusion, patients with STEMI with diabetes and baseline IRA occlusion had disproportionately higher rates of death and reinfarction. Preprocedural IRA occlusion increased the risk for stent thrombosis, irrespective of diabetic status. PMID:25193670

  16. Percutaneous needle nephrostomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. S. Ogg; H. M. Saxton; J. S. Cameron

    1969-01-01

    Percutaneous nephrostomy is a simple technique for temporary drainage of an obstructed kidney. Under local anaesthesia a ureteric catheter is passed through a Vim–Silverman needle into the renal pelvis and is connected to a drainage bag. Seven cases (six successful) in which this method was used are described and the indications are discussed. It has been free from complications, is

  17. Causes and Consequences of Herbivory on Prairie Lupine ( Lupinus lepidus ) in Early Primary Succession

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John G. Bishop; William F. Fagan; John D. Schade; Charles M. Crisafulli

    Primary succession, the formation and change of ecological communities in locations initially lacking organisms or other biological\\u000a materials, has been an important research focus for at least a century (Cowles 1899; Griggs 1933; Eggler 1941; Crocker and\\u000a Major 1955; Eggler 1959; Miles and Walton 1993; Walker and del Moral 2003). At approximately 60 km2, primary successional surfaces at Mount St.

  18. Acute left main occlusion secondary to embolisation from an aortic valve prosthesis: Successful treatment with embolectomy and percutaneous coronary intervention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Isuru Ranasinghe; John Yiannikas; David Brieger

    2011-01-01

    Acute occlusive embolus of the left main coronary artery is a rare and usually catastrophic occurrence. We present a case report of a 59 year old with an aortic valve prosthesis presenting in cardiogenic shock following cessation of warfarin therapy. Angiography demonstrated an acute left main occlusion secondary to emboli from the aortic valve prosthesis. Successful embolectomy was performed by clot

  19. [Percutaneous sacroplasty for relieving pain caused by sacral metastases].

    PubMed

    Valencia-Anguita, J; Juliá-Narváez, M; Rodríguez-Burgos, F; Ponce de León, A

    2007-06-01

    Percutaneous injection of polymethyl-metacrylate is an increasingly popular treatment for spine metastatic tumors. We present a case of sacral breast carcinoma treated successfully by percutaneous sacroplasty with injection of bone cement, resulting in pain relief. PMID:17622465

  20. Clinical effect of postconditioning in ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials*

    PubMed Central

    Hu, Xian-qing; Cheng, Jian; Tang, Biao; Zhang, Zhong-heng; Huang, Ke; Yang, Yi-ping; Mao, Yan-yan; Zhong, Ming; Fu, Shen-wen

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the clinical effect of postconditioning on patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: Randomized controlled trials were identified by searching relevant databases published up to April 2nd, 2014. A meta-analysis of eligible studies was performed by Stata 12.0 and Review Manager 5.2 with a fixed-effect model. Results: Ten studies providing adverse cardiac events in a total of 1346 STEMI patients treated with primary PCI were identified. The occurrence of heart failure was significantly reduced in patients treated with postconditioning compared with usual care (risk ratio (RR) 0.533; 95% confidence intervals (CI) 0.368–0.770), whereas non-fatal reinfarction slightly increased in the postconditioning group (RR 2.746; 95% CI 1.007–7.488). No significant difference in total major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) was observed between the two groups (RR 0.876; 95% CI 0.671–1.144). Conclusions: Postconditioning in STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI significantly reduces the risk of heart failure, but fails to decrease the incidence of total MACEs and the risk of non-fatal reinfarction. PMID:25743121

  1. Association of left ventricular function and acute kidney injury among ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients treated by primary percutaneous intervention.

    PubMed

    Shacham, Yacov; Leshem-Rubinow, Eran; Gal-Oz, Amir; Topilsky, Yan; Steinvil, Arie; Keren, Gad; Roth, Arie; Arbel, Yaron

    2015-02-01

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication among patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and it is associated with poor long-term clinical outcomes. No studies have yet evaluated the association between cardiac function and the risk of AKI in this patient population. We conducted a retrospective study of consecutive 386 patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI and had a full echocardiography study performed within 72 hours of hospital admission from June 2011 to December 2013. AKI was defined as an increase of ?0.3 mg/dl in serum creatinine within 48 hours after admission. Thirty-four patients (9.7%) developed AKI. Echocardiography demonstrated that patients with AKI had significantly lower systolic ejection fraction (EF; 48% ± 8% vs 41% ± 10%, p <0.001), lower septal (p = 0.001) and lateral (p = 0.01) e' velocities, higher average E/e' ratio (p = 0.006), elevated systolic pulmonary artery pressure (p <0.001), and higher right atrial pressure (p = 0.001). In multivariate regression analysis, left ventricular EF emerged as an independent predictor of AKI (odds ratio 1.1, 95% confidence interval 0.86 to 0.96; p = 0.001) for every 1% reduction in EF. In conclusion, among patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI, left ventricular EF is a strong and independent predictor of AKI. PMID:25476561

  2. Successful percutaneous coronary intervention in a patient with combined deficiency of FV and FVIII due to novel compound heterozygous mutations in LMAN1.

    PubMed

    Patel, A J; Liu, H-H; Lager, R A; Malkovska, V; Zhang, B

    2013-07-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with congenital coagulation factor deficiencies presents a unique challenge. They are not only at increased risk of perioperative bleeding but can also suffer thrombosis of the stent as preventive anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy is difficult. Several cases of successful PCI have been described in patients with haemophilia A and B, but there are no reports in patients with combined coagulation factor deficiencies. We used PCI to treat the coronary artery disease in a patient with the combined deficiency of factor V and factor VIII (F5F8D) and analysed the molecular basis of the disorder for this patient. A 68-year-old patient was admitted for urgent PCI with bare metal stent placement after the diagnosis of the F5F8D. Peripheral blood DNA was extracted for the sequence analysis of LMAN1 and MCFD2 genes. Mutations in LMAN1 was confirmed by molecular cloning of the PCR product and resequencing of the resulting clones. The patient underwent successful PCI with good long-term outcome. Our patient tolerated anticoagulation therapy well, with unfractionated heparin, and double antiplatelet therapy while he was initially supported with fresh frozen plasma and recombinant FVIII. Molecular analysis revealed that the patient carries unusual compound heterozygous frameshift mutations on the same microsatellite repeat region in exon 8 of LMAN1, one of which is a novel mutation (c.912delA). Our results suggest that patients with F5F8D can safely undergo PCI for coronary artery disease, with the treatment individualized to the specific patient. PMID:23557496

  3. Season of Birth and School Success in the Early Years of Primary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Verachtert, Pieter; De Fraine, Bieke; Onghena, Patrick; Ghesquiere, Pol

    2010-01-01

    Several studies have reported significant relationships between children's season of birth and measures of their academic success (i.e., the "season of birth effect"). Whereas most of these studies were cross-sectional, the current study uses growth curve modelling to analyse longitudinal data on 3,187 children in Flemish primary education. The…

  4. Changes in the root-associated fungal communities along a primary succession gradient analysed by 454

    E-print Network

    Bruns, Tom

    Changes in the root-associated fungal communities along a primary succession gradient analysed Ravenna, Italy Abstract We investigated changes in the root-associated fungal communities associated cover increases along the chronose- quence. Sixty root systems of B. vivipara were sampled in vegetation

  5. PRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Is salinity tolerance the key to success for the invasive water

    E-print Network

    Green, Andy J.

    PRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Is salinity tolerance the key to success for the invasive water bug) that occurs in brackish and saline aquatic systems. Recently, it has been found invading three continents compared both the realized and standardized salinity niche of invasive T. verticalis and native Corixidae

  6. Responses to rapid warming at Termination 1a at Gerzensee (Central Europe): Primary succession, albedo, soils,

    E-print Network

    Gilli, Adrian

    Responses to rapid warming at Termination 1a at Gerzensee (Central Europe): Primary succession a Institute of Plant Sciences and Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research, University of Bern, Switzerland 030 Besançon, France k ETH Zurich, Institute of Plant Sciences, LFW C55.2, Universitaetsstrasse 2, CH

  7. What Is Successful Pedagogy in Auckland's Low Decile Primary Schools? Preliminary Findings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carpenter, Vicki; McMurchy-Pilkington, Colleen; Sutherland, Sue

    In New Zealand, schools are given decile rankings based on census reports of parental socioeconomic status. An ongoing project seeks to identify beliefs and attitudes that make a teacher's work successful in low-decile primary schools in the greater Auckland area. This paper focuses on three teachers whose professional practice was considered…

  8. Influence of Access, Anticoagulant, and Bleeding Definition on Outcomes of Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Early Experience of an US Academic Center.

    PubMed

    Bheemarasetti, M K; Shawar, S; Chithri, S; Khalife, W I; Rangasetty, U M; Fujise, K; Gilani, S A

    2015-03-01

    Background?We aimed to carry out comparison of different bleeding avoidance strategies in doing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) using either radial or femoral as access of choice and either bivalirudin or unfractionated heparin as anticoagulant of choice. In this analysis, we analyzed the influence of major bleeding definition on bleeding outcomes as well. Methods?We did a retrospective analysis of 139 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who had PPCI in our academic center from January 2010 till October 2013. The primary outcome at 30 days was a composite of death from any cause or stent thrombosis or non-coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) related major bleeding (CathPCI Registry definition) and secondary outcomes were individual components of primary outcome and the hospital length of stay. Results?There was no significant difference among different access/anticoagulant combinations with regards to primary outcome (22% in radial/bivalirudin vs. 5% in radial/heparin vs. 17% in femoral/bivalirudin vs. 28% in femoral/heparin group; p?=?0.2) as well as its individual components except the hospital length of stay (2.56 vs. 3 vs. 3.97 vs. 4.4 days each; p?primary outcome and its individual components except the hospital length of stay. It also shows the importance of bleeding definition on bleeding outcomes. PMID:25780323

  9. Usefulness of soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor to predict repeat myocardial infarction and mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous intervention.

    PubMed

    Lyngbæk, Stig; Marott, Jacob L; Møller, Daniél V; Christiansen, Michael; Iversen, Kasper K; Clemmensen, Peter M; Eugen-Olsen, Jesper; Jeppesen, Jørgen L; Hansen, Peter R

    2012-12-15

    The plasma level of the inflammatory biomarker soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in healthy subjects. The prognostic capability of suPAR, its temporal course, and its relation to plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous intervention (PCI) is unknown. Therefore, the plasma suPAR and CRP levels were measured in 296 consecutive patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction admitted for primary PCI at baseline and every 6 to 8 hours thereafter until the cardiac biomarker levels had peaked. The end points were all-cause mortality and fatal or nonfatal recurrent myocardial infarction (MI). During a median follow-up period of 5.75 years, 69 deaths and 48 nonfatal and 14 fatal recurrent MIs occurred. All-cause mortality increased significantly from 8.1% to 41.5% across increasing quartiles of suPAR levels at the end of follow-up (log-rank p <0.0001). After adjustment for other independent prognostic factors, a highly significant increase was seen in all-cause mortality (hazard ratio 1.45, 95% confidence interval, 1.19 to 1.76; p <0.001) and recurrent MI (hazard ratio 1.53, 95% confidence interval 1.16 to 2.01; p <0.01) for each standard deviation increment of suPAR levels). In contrast to plasma CRP, the suPAR levels remained stable after primary PCI. Furthermore, CRP did not predict mortality or reinfarction after adjustment for age and gender (p = 0.34). In conclusion, suPAR is a stable plasma biomarker after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary PCI that predicts all-cause mortality and recurrent MI. PMID:22981263

  10. Impact of ST-segment resolution after primary angioplasty on outcomes after myocardial infarction in elderly patients: an analysis from the CADILLAC trial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Abhiram Prasad; Gregg W Stone; Eve Aymong; Peter J Zimetbaum; Michael McLaughlin; Roxana Mehran; Eulogio Garcia; James E Tcheng; David A Cox; Cindy L Grines; Bernard J Gersh

    2004-01-01

    BackgroundAge is a strong independent predictor of outcomes after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Whether lower rates of reperfusion success contribute to the poor prognosis in elderly patients is unknown.

  11. Successful Treatment of Recalcitrant Primary Follicular Mucinosis with Indomethacin and Low-dose Intralesional Interferon Alpha

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Kyu Ri; Lee, Ji Yeoun; Kim, Mi Kyeong

    2009-01-01

    Follicular mucinosis (FM) is an epithelial reaction pattern that is characterized by the accumulation of mucinous material in the epithelial hair follicle sheath and the sebaceous glands. Although various pharmacological agents have been employed in an attempt to treat FM, effective therapeutic options have remained elusive. We experienced a recalcitrant form of primary FM that we successfully treated with indomethacin and low-dose intralesional interferon alpha (IFN ?), respectively. To the best of our knowledge, the primary type of FM that responded to indomethacin and low-dose IFN ?, respectively, in a single case has not been reported in the English medical literature. PMID:20523805

  12. Successfully treated unusual case of primary adrenal and spinal tuberculosis with three years follow up

    PubMed Central

    Shrestha, Biswas; Omran, Ahmed; Rong, Pengfei; Wang, Wei

    2014-01-01

    The global increase in incidence of Tuberculosis (TB) is returning to be a major health issue grabbing a universal concern. Although extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) has a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations, primary involvement of the adrenal glands along with spine without pulmonary affection has been rarely reported. We report a case of successfully treated adult Asian male patient presented with primary adrenal TB, complicated with chronic adrenal insufficiency accompanied with upper lumber spinal TB. We also present the follow up of our patient after three years. PMID:25018843

  13. Randomized Trial of Complete Versus Lesion-Only Revascularization in Patients Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for STEMI and Multivessel Disease

    PubMed Central

    Gershlick, Anthony H.; Khan, Jamal Nasir; Kelly, Damian J.; Greenwood, John P.; Sasikaran, Thiagarajah; Curzen, Nick; Blackman, Daniel J.; Dalby, Miles; Fairbrother, Kathryn L.; Banya, Winston; Wang, Duolao; Flather, Marcus; Hetherington, Simon L.; Kelion, Andrew D.; Talwar, Suneel; Gunning, Mark; Hall, Roger; Swanton, Howard; McCann, Gerry P.

    2015-01-01

    Background The optimal management of patients found to have multivessel disease while undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (P-PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction is uncertain. Objectives CvLPRIT (Complete versus Lesion-only Primary PCI trial) is a U.K. open-label randomized study comparing complete revascularization at index admission with treatment of the infarct-related artery (IRA) only. Methods After they provided verbal assent and underwent coronary angiography, 296 patients in 7 U.K. centers were randomized through an interactive voice-response program to either in-hospital complete revascularization (n = 150) or IRA-only revascularization (n = 146). Complete revascularization was performed either at the time of P-PCI or before hospital discharge. Randomization was stratified by infarct location (anterior/nonanterior) and symptom onset (?3 h or >3 h). The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction (MI), heart failure, and ischemia-driven revascularization within 12 months. Results Patient groups were well matched for baseline clinical characteristics. The primary endpoint occurred in 10.0% of the complete revascularization group versus 21.2% in the IRA-only revascularization group (hazard ratio: 0.45; 95% confidence interval: 0.24 to 0.84; p = 0.009). A trend toward benefit was seen early after complete revascularization (p = 0.055 at 30 days). Although there was no significant reduction in death or MI, a nonsignificant reduction in all primary endpoint components was seen. There was no reduction in ischemic burden on myocardial perfusion scintigraphy or in the safety endpoints of major bleeding, contrast-induced nephropathy, or stroke between the groups. Conclusions In patients presenting for P-PCI with multivessel disease, index admission complete revascularization significantly lowered the rate of the composite primary endpoint at 12 months compared with treating only the IRA. In such patients, inpatient total revascularization may be considered, but larger clinical trials are required to confirm this result and specifically address whether this strategy is associated with improved survival. (Complete Versus Lesion-only Primary PCI Pilot Study [CvLPRIT]; ISRCTN70913605) PMID:25766941

  14. Does Seed Dispersal Limit Initiation of Primary Succession in Desert Playas?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kevin P. Fort; James H. Richards

    1998-01-01

    To investigate the initiation of primary succession in a cold-desert playa-dune complex, we studied the large-scale (2000 m) seed (diaspore) dispersal patterns at Mono Lake, California. Seeds of seven of the ten species reaching the barren playa had wind-dispersal adaptations. Rates of dispersal (numbers of seeds per square metre per day) were as much as three orders of magnitude lower

  15. Spatial factors affecting primary succession on the Muddy River Lahar, Mount St. Helens, Washington

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. del Moral; J. E. Sandler; C. P. Muerdter

    2009-01-01

    Primary succession is controlled by a combination of landscape and habitat factors whose actions may be stochastic or deterministic.\\u000a The 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens, Washington spawned a massive lahar that now supports a mosaic of vegetation. Our goals\\u000a were to describe vegetation patterns after 28 growing seasons, determine the factors associated with these patterns, and to\\u000a contrast the

  16. Dispersal and establishment both limit colonization during primary succession on a glacier foreland

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chad C. Jones; Roger del Moral

    2009-01-01

    Plant colonization can be limited by lack of seeds or by factors that reduce establishment. The role of seed limitation in\\u000a community assembly is being increasingly recognized, but in early primary succession, establishment failure is still considered\\u000a more important. We studied the factors limiting colonization on the foreland of Coleman Glacier, Washington, USA, to determine\\u000a the importance of seed and

  17. Season of birth and school success in the early years of primary education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pieter Verachtert; Bieke De Fraine; Patrick Onghena; Pol Ghesquière

    2010-01-01

    Several studies have reported significant relationships between children’s season of birth and measures of their academic success (i.e., the ‘season of birth effect’). Whereas most of these studies were cross?sectional, the current study uses growth curve modelling to analyse longitudinal data on 3,187 children in Flemish primary education. The results indicate season of birth effects on both grade retention and

  18. Effect of preinfarction angina pectoris on long-term survival in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Taniguchi, Tomohiko; Shiomi, Hiroki; Toyota, Toshiaki; Morimoto, Takeshi; Akao, Masaharu; Nakatsuma, Kenji; Ono, Koh; Makiyama, Takeru; Shizuta, Satoshi; Furukawa, Yutaka; Nakagawa, Yoshihisa; Ando, Kenji; Kadota, Kazushige; Horie, Minoru; Kimura, Takeshi

    2014-10-15

    The influence of preinfarction angina pectoris (AP) on long-term clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains controversial. In 5,429 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) enrolled in the Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto AMI Registry, the present study population consisted of 3,476 patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI within 24 hours of symptom onset and in whom the data on preinfarction AP were available. Preinfarction AP defined as AP occurring within 48 hours of hospital arrival was present in 675 patients (19.4%). Patients with preinfarction AP was younger and more often had anterior AMI and longer total ischemic time, whereas they less often had history of heart failure, atrial fibrillation, and shock presentation. The infarct size estimated by peak creatinine phosphokinase was significantly smaller in patients with than in patients without preinfarction AP (median [interquartile range] 2,141 [965 to 3,867] IU/L vs 2,462 [1,257 to 4,495] IU/L, p <0.001). The cumulative 5-year incidence of death was significantly lower in patients with preinfarction AP (12.4% vs 20.7%, p <0.001) with median follow-up interval of 1,845 days. After adjusting for confounders, preinfarction AP was independently associated with a lower risk for death (hazard ratio 0.69, 95% confidence interval 0.54 to 0.86, p = 0.001). The lower risk for 5-year mortality in patients with preinfarction AP was consistently observed across subgroups stratified by total ischemic time, initial Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade, hemodynamic status, infarct location, and diabetes mellitus. In conclusion, preinfarction AP was independently associated with lower 5-year mortality in patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI. PMID:25159235

  19. [A case of primary erythromelalgia successfully treated with high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin therapy].

    PubMed

    Kuroda, Takeshi; Sugimoto, Azusa; Ishigaki, Seiichirou; Murakami, Hidetomo; Kawamura, Mitsuru

    2014-02-01

    Erythromelalgia is a rare condition characterized by constant or paroxysmal burning pain, erythema, and the elevation of skin temperature in the extremities. Recently, the impairment of C-fiber function due to autoimmune system involvement is considered as the primary cause of erythromelalgia. However, a successful treatment has yet not been established. We report a case of a 39-year-old woman with primary erythromelalgia accompanied by high cerebrospinal fluid protein concentration and axonal neuropathy. She received various antiepileptic and anti-inflammatory drugs, but failed to improve. She finally underwent high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin therapy, which dramatically improved her symptoms and normalized cerebrospinal fluid protein concentration. This result demonstrates the effectiveness of high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin therapy for the treatment of primary erythromelalgia and the possibility of autoimmune system involvement. PMID:24523317

  20. Palliative Care Partnership: a successful model of primary/secondary integration.

    PubMed

    Stewart, Bruce; Allan, Simon; Keane, Barry; Marshall, Bridget; Ayling, Jane; Luxford, Tai

    2006-01-01

    The health reforms of the 1990s and early 21st century have seen unheralded change in the delivery of health services in New Zealand, and the concept of integration of primary and specialist or secondary services into a seamless health delivery service is one of the key planks of national and regional healthcare planning in New Zealand. This paper reports on a successful primary secondary integration project. Starting with commentary on the historical difficulties that acted as a catalyst to this initiative, it reports on the development process, how the model works in practice, and outlines some initial evaluation work done as part of its quality improvement component. Given the collaborative nature of this project and its scope across primary and specialist care sectors, the authors believe this model has implications and relevance across a wide spectrum of the New Zealand health service. PMID:16998577

  1. Intracoronary Compared to Intravenous Abciximab in Patients with ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Treated with Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Reduces Mortality, Target Vessel Revascularization and Reinfarction after 1 Year

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Allan Zeeberg Iversen; Soeren Galatius; Ulrik Abildgaard; Anders Galloe; Peter Riis Hansen; Sune Pedersen; Thomas Engstroem; Jan Skov Jensen

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: Administration of the glycoprotein IIb\\/IIIa inhibitor abciximab to patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) improves outcome. Data have suggested that an intracoronary (IC) bolus might be superior to the standard intravenous (IV) administration. We have previously reported reduced short-term mortality and need for target vessel revascularization (TVR) with the IC route.

  2. A Retrospective Assessment of Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Pulpectomies in Vital Maxillary Primary Incisors Successfully Restored With Composite Resin Crowns

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert E. Primosch; Anissa Ahmadi; Barry Setzer

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate, via clinical and radio- graphic assessments, the treatment outcome of zinc oxide-eugenol (ZOE) pulpectomies performed in vital maxillary primary incisors successfully restored with composite resin crowns. Methods: Pulpectomized vital primary incisors were treated by a uniformed technique, filled with ZOE paste, and successfully restored with composite resin crowns. Those that

  3. Renal insufficiency is an independent predictor of in-hospital mortality for patients with acute myocardial infarction receiving primary percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Li, Jian-ping; Momin, Mohetaboer; Huo, Yong; Wang, Chun-yan; Zhang, Yan; Gong, Yan-jun; Liu, Zhao-ping; Wang, Xin-gang; Zheng, Bo

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the relationship between renal function and clinical outcomes among patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (ASTEMI), who were treated with emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: 420 patients hospitalized in Peking University First Hospital, diagnosed with ASTEMI treated with emergency (PCI) from January 2001 to June 2011 were enrolled in this study. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was used as a measure of renal function. We compared the clinical parameters and outcomes between ASTEMI patients combined renal insufficiency and the patients with normal renal function. Results: There was a significant increase in the concentrations of fibrinogen and D-Dimer (P<0.05) and a much higher morbidity of diabetes mellitus in the group of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD; eGFR<60 ml/(min·1.73 m2)) (P<0.01). CKD (eGFR<60 ml/(min·1.73 m2)) was an independent predictor of in-hospital mortality for patients hospitalized with ASTEMI receiving PCI therapy rapidly (P=0.032, odds ratio (OR) 4.159, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.127–15.346). Conclusions: Renal insufficiency is an independent predictor of in-hospital mortality for patients hospitalized with ASTEMI treated with primary PCI. PMID:22843184

  4. Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio and Platelet-Lymphocyte Ratio Combination Can Predict Prognosis in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Ciçek, Gökhan; Aç?kgoz, Sad?k Kadri; Bozbay, Mehmet; Altay, Servet; U?ur, Murat; Uluganyan, Mahmut; Uyarel, Huseyin

    2014-05-16

    We assessed the effect of combination of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in predicting in-hospital and long-term mortality in patients (n = 2518) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). Cutoff values for NLR and PLR were calculated with receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves. If both PLR and NLR were above the threshold, patients were classified as "high risk." If either PLR or NLR was above the threshold individually, patients were classified as "intermediate risk." High-risk (n = 693) and intermediate-risk (n = 545) groups had higher in-hospital and long-term mortality (7.2 4% vs 0.7%, P < .001; 14.1, 9.5% vs 4.5%, P < .001, respectively). Classifying patients into intermediate-risk group (hazards ratio [HR]: 1.492, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.022-2.178, P = .038) and high-risk group (HR: 1.845, 95% CI: 1.313-2.594, P < .001) was an independent predictor of in-hospital and long-term mortality. The combination of PLR and NLR can be useful for the prediction of in-hospital and long-term mortality in patients undergoing pPCI. PMID:24834932

  5. Percutaneous cervical nucleoplasty in the treatment of cervical disc herniation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jian Li; Deng-lu Yan; Zai-Heng Zhang

    2008-01-01

    Percutaneous disc decompression procedures have been performed in the past. Various percutaneous techniques such as percutaneous\\u000a discectomy, laser discectomy, and nucleoplasty have been successful. Our prospective study was directly to evaluate the results\\u000a of percutaneous cervical nucleoplasty (PCN) surgery for cervical disc herniation, and illustrate the effectiveness of PCN\\u000a in symptomatic patients who had cervical herniated discs. From July of

  6. Left ventricular global longitudinal systolic strain predicts adverse remodeling and subsequent cardiac events in patients with acute myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Lacalzada, Juan; de la Rosa, Alejandro; Izquierdo, María Manuela; Jiménez, Juan José; Iribarren, José Luis; García-González, Martín Jesús; López, Belén Marí; Duque, María Amelia; Barragán, Antonio; Hernández, Celestino; Carrillo-Pérez, María; Laynez, Ignacio

    2015-03-01

    To determine whether left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal strain (GLS) predicts adverse LV remodeling and cardiac events. In a prospective cohort study of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), we recorded clinical data and GLS, global circumferential strain and radial strain using two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography of the left ventricle. At 6-month and 3-year follow-ups, patients were grouped by presence or absence of adverse LV remodeling. We used logistic regression to identify factors associated with adverse LV remodeling and a Cox model to determine the relationships between these factors and cardiac events. Of 97 patients (mean age 56 ± 12 years; 76 men), 38 showed LV remodeling. Diabetes mellitus [odds ratio (OR) 1.95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.2-4.8, p = 0.05], peak troponin I (OR 1.2, 95 % CI 1.1-1.3, p = 0.004), and GLS (OR 1.6, 95 % CI 1.3-2.3, p = 0.009) independently predicted LV remodeling. During follow-up (22.8 ± 12.3 months), 20 patients suffered adverse events, which were independently predicted by GLS alone (OR 4.9, 95 % CI 1.7-13.9, p = 0.002). Optimal GLS cutoffs for predicting adverse LV remodeling and cardiac events were >-12.46 % [area under receiver operating-characteristic curve (AUC) 0.88, 95 % CI 0.79-0.96, p < 0.001] and >-9.27 % (AUC 0.86, 95 % CI 0.64-0.98, p < 0.001), respectively. GLS measured immediately after primary PCI is an excellent predictor of adverse LV remodeling and cardiac events in patients with AMI. PMID:25596940

  7. Effects of atorvastatin loading prior to primary percutaneous coronary intervention on endothelial function and inflammatory factors in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

    PubMed Central

    YONG, HUIJUAN; WANG, XIN; MI, LIN; GUO, LIJUN; GAO, WEI; ZHANG, YONGZHEN; CUI, MING

    2014-01-01

    Previous studies have demonstrated the beneficial effect of statin loading prior to elective and early percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), in which the ‘pleiotropic effects’ of statins may contribute to these clinical benefits. The aim of the present study was to examine the potential effects of atorvastatin loading prior to primary PCI on coronary endothelial function and inflammatory factors in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). A total of 60 patients with STEMI were randomized into three groups: Loading dose (80 mg atorvastatin prior to PCI; n=20), regular dose (20 mg atorvastatin prior to PCI; n=20) and control (without atorvastatin prior to PCI; n=20). The plasma samples were collected prior to, and immediately, 6 and 24 h after PCI in all the patients. The plasma concentrations of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), nitric oxide (NO), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) were examined using ELISA. The plasma eNOS levels immediately and 24 h after PCI were significantly higher in the regular dose group compared with the other groups. However, there were no significant differences in the plasma eNOS concentration prior to and 6 h after PCI, or in the plasma NO concentration at any of the time-points among the three groups. The plasma IL-6 levels prior to PCI were significantly lower in the loading dose group compared with the other groups; however, there were no significant differences in the plasma concentration of IL-6 following PCI or in the concentrations of TNF-? and ICAM-1 at any of the time-points among the three groups. In conclusion, atorvastatin loading in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI may not have protective effects on endothelial function and the inflammatory reaction. PMID:24396397

  8. Percutaneous connectors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Picha, G. J.; Taylor, S. R.

    1981-01-01

    A surface possessing a regular array of micro-pillars was evaluated with regard to its ability to control epithelial downgrowth at the percutaneous interface. A range of pillar sizes were applied to the vertical segment of T shaped Biomer (R) implants. These percutaneous tabs were implanted into the dorsum of cats for a period of 6 weeks using a standardized surgical technique. Comments were made post-operatively and at the time of retrieval. A quantitative scoring system was applied to these observations as well as histological results. As observed, the pillar morphology used displayed the ability to control epithelial downgrowth. Collagen ingrowth into the interpillar spaces and possibly direct interactions of the epithelial cells with the morphology may account for the inhibition. The reproducibility of epithelial inhibition is, however, limited by other factors which are currently not well understood. These factors and potential methods of assessment are discussed.

  9. Combination therapy reduces the incidence of no-reflow after primary per-cutaneous coronary intervention in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, Shan-Shan; Tian, Feng; Chen, Yun-Dai; Wang, Jing; Sun, Zhi-Jun; Guo, Jun; Jin, Qin-Hua

    2015-01-01

    Background No-reflow is associated with an adverse outcome and higher mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and is considered a dynamic process characterized by multiple pathogenetic components. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a combination therapy for the prevention of no-reflow in patient with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing primary PCI. Methods A total of 621 patients with STEMI who underwent emergency primary PCI were enrolled in this study. Patients with high risk of no-reflow (no-flow score ? 10, by using a no-flow risk prediction model, n = 216) were randomly divided into a controlled group (n = 108) and a combination therapy group (n = 108). Patients in the controlled group received conventional treatment, while patients in combination therapy group received high-dose (80 mg) atorvastatin pre-treatment, intracoronary administration of adenosine (140 µg/min per kilogram) during PCI procedure, platelet membrane glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor antagonist (tirofiban, 10µg/kg bolus followed by 0.15 µg/kg per minute) and thrombus aspiration. Myocardial contrast echocardiography was performed to assess the myocardial perfusion 72 h after PCI. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were followed up for six months. Results Incidence of no-reflow in combination therapy group was 2.8%, which was similar to that in low risk group 2.7% and was significantly lower than that in control group (35.2%, P < 0.01). The myocardial perfusion (A × ?) values were higher in combination therapy group than that in control group 72 h after PCI. After 6 months, there were six (6.3%) MACE events (one death, two non-fatal MIs and three revascularizations) in combination therapy group and 12 (13.2%) (four deaths, three non-fatal MIs and five revascularizations, P < 0.05) in control group. Conclusions Combination of thrombus aspiration, high-dose statin pre-treatment, intracoronary administration of adenosine during PCI procedure and platelet membrane glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor antagonist reduce the incidence of no-reflow after primary PCI in patients with acute myocardial infarction who are at high risk of no-reflow. PMID:25870616

  10. Relation of left ventricular infarct transmurality and infarct size after primary percutaneous coronary angioplasty to time from symptom onset to balloon inflation.

    PubMed

    Hahn, Joo-Yong; Song, Young Bin; Gwon, Hyeon-Cheol; Choe, Yeon Hyeon; Kim, Jun Hyung; Sung, Jidong; Choi, Seung-Hyuk; Choi, Jin Ho; Kim, Duk Kyung; Hong, Kyung Pyo; Park, Jeong Euy; Lee, Sang Hoon

    2008-11-01

    This study was performed to evaluate the impact of time to reperfusion on infarct size and transmurality after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). In 73 patients undergoing primary PCI for STEMI, contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging was performed. Infarct size and transmurality on delayed-enhancement imaging were measured. Infarct size was not associated with symptom onset-to-balloon time (23 +/- 9% for <180 minutes, 22 +/- 9% for 180 to 360 minutes, and 24 +/- 11% for >360 minutes, p = 0.62) or door-to-balloon time (23 +/- 8% for <90 minutes, 23 +/- 10% for 90 to 120 minutes, and 22 +/- 11% for >120 minutes, p = 0.88). Infarct transmurality increased significantly with a delay of symptom onset-to-balloon time (73 +/- 22% for <180 minutes, 78 +/- 14% for 180 to 360 minutes, and 86 +/- 14% for >360 minutes, p = 0.04), but not for door-to-balloon time (79 +/- 15% for <90 minutes, 76 +/- 19% for 90 to 120 minutes, and 81 +/- 18% for >120 minutes, p = 0.62). In multivariate analysis, anterior infarction (odds ratio 4.15, 95% confidence interval 1.31 to 13.18, p = 0.02) and myocardial blush grade 0/1 (odds ratio [OR] 3.89, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.13 to 13.51, p = 0.03) independently predicted a large infarct (infarct size > or =25%). Symptom onset-to-balloon time (OR per 30 minutes 1.26, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.53, p = 0.02) was an independent predictor of transmural infarct (average transmural extent > or =75%) and use of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors showed a protective effect (OR 0.09, 95% CI 0.02 to 0.53, p = 0.007). In conclusion, symptom onset-to-balloon time was significantly associated with infarct transmurality but not infarct size in patients undergoing primary PCI for STEMI. PMID:18940285

  11. Incidence, determinants, and prognostic value of reverse left ventricular remodelling after primary percutaneous coronary intervention: results of the Acute Myocardial Infarction Contrast Imaging (AMICI) multicenter study

    PubMed Central

    Funaro, Stefania; La Torre, Giuseppe; Madonna, Mariapina; Galiuto, Leonarda; Scarà, Antonio; Labbadia, Alessandra; Canali, Emanuele; Mattatelli, Antonella; Fedele, Francesco; Alessandrini, Francesco; Crea, Filippo; Agati, Luciano

    2009-01-01

    Aims Few data are available on the extent and prognostic value of reverse left ventricular remodelling (r-LVR) after ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI). We sought to evaluate incidence, major determinants, and long-term clinical significance of r-LVR in a group of STEMI patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). In particular, the role of preserved microvascular flow within the infarct zone in inducing r-LVR has been investigated. Methods and results Serial echocardiograms (2DE) and myocardial contrast study were obtained within 24 h of coronary recanalization (T1) and at pre-discharge (T2) in 110 reperfused STEMI patients. Follow-up 2DE was scheduled after 6 months (T3). Two-year clinical follow-up was obtained. Reverse remodelling was defined as a reduction >10% in LV end-systolic volume (LVESV) at 6 months follow-up. r-LVR occurred in 39% of study population. At multivariable analysis, independent predictors of r-LVR were an effective microvascular reflow within the infarct zone, the in-hospital improvement of myocardial perfusion, an initial large LVESV, and a short time to reperfusion. Cox analysis identified r-LVR as the only independent predictor of 2-year event-free survival. Combined events rate was significantly higher among patients without compared to those with r-LVR (log-rank test P < 0.05). Conclusion r-LVR frequently occurs in STEMI patients treated with PPCI and it is an important predictor of favourable long-term outcome. A preserved microvascular perfusion within the infarct zone is the major determinant of r-LVR. PMID:19098019

  12. Incidence and predictors of early left ventricular thrombus after ST-elevation myocardial infarction in the contemporary era of primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Gianstefani, Silvia; Douiri, Abdel; Delithanasis, Ioannis; Rogers, Toby; Sen, Arup; Kalra, Sundeep; Charangwa, Langton; Reiken, Joseph; Monaghan, Mark; MacCarthy, Philip

    2014-04-01

    The aim of this study was to define the incidence of left ventricular thrombus (LVT) and its predictors in the contemporary era of primary percutaneous intervention (pPCI) and contrast echocardiography. We retrospectively analyzed 1,059 patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) to our tertiary cardiac center and treated with pPCI. Preprocedural pharmacology and procedural technique (including access route, the use of drug-eluting stents, and thrombectomy) were at the operators' discretion. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed before discharge; echo contrast agent was used when appropriate. LVT was detected in 42 subjects (4%). There were no significant differences in baseline demographics or pre-PCI clinical features between the 2 groups. Post-treatment, mean ejection fraction (EF) in patients with LVT was 35±8.4% and in those without LVT was 47±10%, p<0.001. Thirty-seven patients (88%) in the LVT group presented with an anterior STEMI versus 471 patients (42%) in the without LVT group (p<0.001). Apical akinesis was noted in all patients with LVT irrespective of the principal location of the MI. Multivariate analysis predictors of LVT were reduced EF, anterior site of MI, and the use of platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors. After diagnosis of LVT, patients were treated with warfarin for 3 to 6 months. No significant difference in mortality was detectable at discharge between the 2 groups. In conclusion, in the contemporary era of pPCI, the incidence of LVT in patients with STEMI is significantly lower than that of the previous (thrombolysis) literature. The early presence of LVT is more likely in patients with anterior STEMI (involving the apex) and reduced EF. PMID:24485697

  13. Trophic Interactions during Primary Succession: Herbivores Slow a Plant Reinvasion at Mount St. Helens.

    PubMed

    Fagan; Bishop

    2000-02-01

    Lupines (Lupinus lepidus var. lobbii), the earliest plant colonists of primary successional habitats at Mount St. Helens, were expected to strongly affect successional trajectories through facilitative effects. However, their effects remain localized because initially high rates of reinvasive spread were short lived, despite widespread habitat availability. We experimentally tested whether insect herbivores, by reducing plant growth and fecundity at the edge of the expanding lupine population, could curtail the rate of reinvasion and whether those herbivores had comparable impacts in the older, more successionally advanced core region. We found that removing insect herbivores increased both the areal growth of individual lupine plants and the production of new plants in the edge region, thereby accelerating the lupine's intrinsic rate of increase at the front of the lupine reinvasion. We found no such impacts of herbivory in the core region, where low plant quality or a complex of recently arrived natural enemies may hold herbivores in check. In the context of invasion theory, herbivore-mediated decreases in lupine population growth rate in the edge region translate into decreased rates of lupine spread, which we quantify here using diffusion models. In the Mount St. Helens system, decreased rate of lupine reinvasion will result in reductions in rates of soil formation, nitrogen input, and entrapment of seeds and detritus that are likely to postpone or alter trajectories of primary succession. If the type of spatial subtleties in herbivore effects we found here are common, with herbivory focused on the edge of an expanding plant population and suppressed or ineffective in the larger, denser central region (where the plants might be more readily noticed and studied), then insect herbivores may have stronger impacts on the dynamics of primary succession and plant invasions than previously recognized. PMID:10686163

  14. Bryophyte-cyanobacteria associations during primary succession in recently Deglaciated areas of Tierra del Fuego (Chile).

    PubMed

    Arróniz-Crespo, María; Pérez-Ortega, Sergio; De Los Ríos, Asunción; Green, T G Allan; Ochoa-Hueso, Raúl; Casermeiro, Miguel Ángel; de la Cruz, María Teresa; Pintado, Ana; Palacios, David; Rozzi, Ricardo; Tysklind, Niklas; Sancho, Leopoldo G

    2014-01-01

    Bryophyte establishment represents a positive feedback process that enhances soil development in newly exposed terrain. Further, biological nitrogen (N) fixation by cyanobacteria in association with mosses can be an important supply of N to terrestrial ecosystems, however the role of these associations during post-glacial primary succession is not yet fully understood. Here, we analyzed chronosequences in front of two receding glaciers with contrasting climatic conditions (wetter vs drier) at Cordillera Darwin (Tierra del Fuego) and found that most mosses had the capacity to support an epiphytic flora of cyanobacteria and exhibited high rates of N2 fixation. Pioneer moss-cyanobacteria associations showed the highest N2 fixation rates (4.60 and 4.96 µg N g-1 bryo. d-1) very early after glacier retreat (4 and 7 years) which may help accelerate soil development under wetter conditions. In drier climate, N2 fixation on bryophyte-cyanobacteria associations was also high (0.94 and 1.42 µg N g-1 bryo. d-1) but peaked at intermediate-aged sites (26 and 66 years). N2 fixation capacity on bryophytes was primarily driven by epiphytic cyanobacteria abundance rather than community composition. Most liverworts showed low colonization and N2 fixation rates, and mosses did not exhibit consistent differences across life forms and habitat (saxicolous vs terricolous). We also found a clear relationship between cyanobacteria genera and the stages of ecological succession, but no relationship was found with host species identity. Glacier forelands in Tierra del Fuego show fast rates of soil transformation which imply large quantities of N inputs. Our results highlight the potential contribution of bryophyte-cyanobacteria associations to N accumulation during post-glacial primary succession and further describe the factors that drive N2-fixation rates in post-glacial areas with very low N deposition. PMID:24819926

  15. Bryophyte-Cyanobacteria Associations during Primary Succession in Recently Deglaciated Areas of Tierra del Fuego (Chile)

    PubMed Central

    Arróniz-Crespo, María; Pérez-Ortega, Sergio; De los Ríos, Asunción; Green, T. G. Allan; Ochoa-Hueso, Raúl; Casermeiro, Miguel Ángel; de la Cruz, María Teresa; Pintado, Ana; Palacios, David; Rozzi, Ricardo; Tysklind, Niklas; Sancho, Leopoldo G.

    2014-01-01

    Bryophyte establishment represents a positive feedback process that enhances soil development in newly exposed terrain. Further, biological nitrogen (N) fixation by cyanobacteria in association with mosses can be an important supply of N to terrestrial ecosystems, however the role of these associations during post-glacial primary succession is not yet fully understood. Here, we analyzed chronosequences in front of two receding glaciers with contrasting climatic conditions (wetter vs drier) at Cordillera Darwin (Tierra del Fuego) and found that most mosses had the capacity to support an epiphytic flora of cyanobacteria and exhibited high rates of N2 fixation. Pioneer moss-cyanobacteria associations showed the highest N2 fixation rates (4.60 and 4.96 µg N g?1 bryo. d?1) very early after glacier retreat (4 and 7 years) which may help accelerate soil development under wetter conditions. In drier climate, N2 fixation on bryophyte-cyanobacteria associations was also high (0.94 and 1.42 µg N g?1 bryo. d?1) but peaked at intermediate-aged sites (26 and 66 years). N2 fixation capacity on bryophytes was primarily driven by epiphytic cyanobacteria abundance rather than community composition. Most liverworts showed low colonization and N2 fixation rates, and mosses did not exhibit consistent differences across life forms and habitat (saxicolous vs terricolous). We also found a clear relationship between cyanobacteria genera and the stages of ecological succession, but no relationship was found with host species identity. Glacier forelands in Tierra del Fuego show fast rates of soil transformation which imply large quantities of N inputs. Our results highlight the potential contribution of bryophyte-cyanobacteria associations to N accumulation during post-glacial primary succession and further describe the factors that drive N2-fixation rates in post-glacial areas with very low N deposition. PMID:24819926

  16. Is Lower Pole Caliceal Anatomy Predictive of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy Success for Primary Lower Pole Kidney Stones?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    CARSTEN M. SORENSEN; PARAMJIT S. CHANDHOKE

    2002-01-01

    PurposeThe management of lower pole kidney stones is controversial. We examined whether lower pole caliceal anatomy could predict the success of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy of primary lower pole kidney stones 20 mm. or less.

  17. Advances in percutaneous electrode systems.

    PubMed

    Mooney, V; Roth, A M

    1976-01-01

    In the past eight years, developing a percutaneous electrode system has advanced to a successful, yet simple, method to transmit electrical signals, overcoming the serious problems of excessive mechanical irritation at the skin interface. Experience with over 50-74% in the clinical applications of 1) chronic pain relief; 2) contracture correction; and 3) sensory feedback. PMID:938709

  18. Percutaneous excimer laser coronary angioplasty

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goldenberg, Tsvi; Anderson, William B.; Litvack, Frank; Grundfest, Warren S.; Laudenslager, James B.

    1990-07-01

    Two hundred ten percutaneous excimer laser coronary angioplasty cases have been done using a XeC1 excimer laser system operating at 308 nanometers. The overall results of the cases are encouraging. The acute clinical success rate is approximately 85%,with a low rate of complications.

  19. Contemporary analysis of incidence and outcomes of stent thrombosis presenting as ST elevation myocardial infarction in a primary percutaneous coronary intervention cohort.

    PubMed

    Jones, Daniel A; Gallagher, Sean; Rathod, Krishnaraj S; Akhtar, Mohammed; Knight, Charles J; Rothman, Martin T; Kapur, Akhil; Mathur, Anthony; Jain, Ajay K; Timmis, Adam D; Smith, Elliot J; Wragg, Andrew

    2013-11-01

    There are limited data about the effectiveness of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for stent thrombosis treatment. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and outcomes of PPCI in patients with ST elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) due to stent thrombosis, and comparing the outcomes with patients treated for de novo coronary thrombosis. This was an observational cohort study of 2,935 patients who underwent PPCI from 2003 to 2011 with follow-up for a median of 3.0 years (interquartile range 1.2 to 4.6). The primary end point was the first major adverse cardiac event (MACE) defined as death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, stroke, or target vessel revascularization. Stent thrombosis overall accounted for 6.6% (194 of 2,935) of all STEMIs with a proportion that increased over time (3.3% in 2004 to 9.4% in 2011). A total of 34.5% were early, 30.9% late stent thrombosis, and 34.5% were very late stent thrombosis. Indications for the original intervention were elective in 27.8%, after acute coronary syndrome (non-STEMI or unstable angina) in 21.1%, and after PPCI in 51.1%. Patients with stent thrombosis had higher rates of hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, renal dysfunction, and previous myocardial infarction or coronary artery bypass surgery compared with patients with native artery occlusion. MACE rates were higher in patients with stent thrombosis compared with patients with native artery occlusions (40.9%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 31.1 to 50.6 vs 15.1%, 95% CI 12.5 to 18.3; p <0.0001). The poor outcome of stent thrombosis was particularly associated with early and late stent thromboses. Very late stent thrombosis appears to be a relatively less serious event, with similar outcomes to native vessel thromboses (MACE very late stent thrombosis 16.5%, 95% CI 8.2 to 28.6 vs native 15.1%, 95% CI 12.5 to 18.3, p = 0.245). In conclusion, stent thrombosis accounts for an increasing proportion of STEMI and is associated with worse outcomes compared with native artery occlusion. PMID:24012030

  20. A Study on the Playing of Computer Games, Class Success and Attitudes of Parents to Primary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pepe, Kadir

    2011-01-01

    This study is a descriptive study based on the screening model, and was conducted in order to inquire the effect of games and the relation between gender and class success variables and game preferences in primary school students. The universe of the study was the primary schools in city center in Province of Burdur and the sample group of the…

  1. Percutaneous Ablation of Adrenal Tumors

    PubMed Central

    Venkatesan, Aradhana M.; Locklin, Julia; Dupuy, Damian E.; Wood, Bradford J.

    2010-01-01

    Adrenal tumors comprise a broad spectrum of benign and malignant neoplasms, and include functional adrenal adenomas, pheochromocytomas, primary adrenocortical carcinoma and adrenal metastases. Percutaneous ablative approaches that have been described and used in the treatment of adrenal tumors include percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA), cryoablation, microwave ablation and chemical ablation. Local tumor ablation in the adrenal gland presents unique challenges, secondary to the adrenal gland’s unique anatomic and physiologic features. The results of clinical series employing percutaneous ablative techniques in the treatment of adrenal tumors are reviewed in this article. Clinical and technical considerations unique to ablation in the adrenal gland are presented, including approaches commonly used in our practices, and risks and potential complications are discussed. PMID:20540918

  2. The development of mire vegetation and water table in primary succession

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miettinen, Antti; Väliranta, Minna; Tuittila, Eeva-Stiina

    2010-05-01

    Mires are globally important carbon storage and an essential element of northern nature. They are associated with high watertable levels and accumulation of peat. During the mire primary succession, the plant community changes from the early sedge and shore plant dominated communities towards the Sphagnum moss dominated bog communities. Different successional stages of aapamires can be found in the land uplift area in the Finnish coast of the Gulf of Bothnia . From this landscape (64°45´N, 24°42´E) we selected a set of undisturbed mires varying in their terrestrial age to form a successional transect from the early stages near the coast to the more ombrothrophic stages in the inlands. We collected macrofossil and modern vegetation data from the transect to compare the preceding communities to the communities found today in the transect. The comparison will be made using multivariate analysis methods. The water table and vegetation of the mire transect will be calibrated with the paleodata to get data of the past levels of water table. The questions we wanted to examine were: Can the successional stages in the mire transect be found in the macrofossil data? How has the water table changed during the succession? Are the changes in plant communities and water table rapid or do they evolve gradually? Is there a trend in the mire succession that can be seen in both the hollow and hummock surfaces of the mire. The preliminary results of the study indicate that the fen-bog transition seems to be very rapid at least in the older parts of the transect. Before the transition there was a clear peak in Eriophorum vaginatum abundance.

  3. Predictors of ventricular fibrillation at reperfusion in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Demidova, Marina M; Carlson, Jonas; Erlinge, David; Platonov, Pyotr G

    2015-02-15

    Ventricular fibrillation (VF) during reperfusion (rVF) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is an infrequent but serious event that complicates coronary interventions. The aim of this study was to analyze clinical predictors of rVF in an unselected population of patients with STEMI treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Consecutive patients with STEMI admitted to a tertiary care hospital for primary PCI from 2007 to 2012 were retrospectively assessed for the presence of rVF. Admission electrocardiograms, stored in a digital format, were analyzed for a maximal ST-segment elevation in a single lead and the sum of ST-segment deviations in all leads. Clinical, electrocardiographic, and angiographic characteristics were tested for associations with rVF using logistic regression analysis. Among 3,724 patients with STEMI admitted from 2007 to 2012, 71 (1.9%) had rVF. In univariate analysis, history of myocardial infarction, aspirin and ?-blocker use, VF before PCI, left main coronary artery disease, inferior myocardial infarction localization, symptom-to-balloon time <360 minutes, maximal ST-segment elevation in a single lead >300 ?V, and sum of ST-segment deviations in all leads >1,500 ?V were associated with increased risk for rVF. In a multivariate analysis, sum of ST-segment deviations in all leads >1500 ?V (odds ratio 3.7, 95% confidence interval 1.45 to 9.41, p = 0.006) before PCI remained an independent predictor of rVF. In-hospital mortality was 18.3% in the rVF group and 3.3% in the group without VF (p <0.001), but rVF was not an independent predictor of in-hospital death. In conclusion, the magnitude of ST-segment elevation before PCI for STEMI independently predicts rVF and should be considered in periprocedural arrhythmic risk assessment. Despite higher in-hospital mortality in patients with rVF, rVF itself has no independent prognostic value for prognosis. PMID:25549882

  4. Percutaneous coronary angioscopy during coronary angioplasty: clinical findings and implications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramee, Stephen R.; White, Christopher J.; Mesa, Juan E.; Jain, Ashit; Collins, Tyrone J.

    1991-07-01

    Percutaneous coronary angioscopy was successfully performed with a steerable, balloon-tipped microangioscope in 36 of 43 patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. The design of the device, technique of performing angioscopy, reasons for failure to image successfully, angioscopy findings, and clinical implications will be discussed.

  5. Three-year clinical outcome with the Endeavor™ zotarolimus-eluting stent in primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST elevation myocardial infarction: the Endeavor™ primary PCI study (E-PPCI).

    PubMed

    Shelton, Rhidian J; Chitkara, Kamal; Singh, Ravi; Dorsch, Micha F; Somers, Kathryn; McLenachan, James M; Blaxill, Jonathan M; Wheatcroft, Stephen B; Blackman, Daniel J; Greenwood, John P

    2011-12-01

    Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is superior to thrombolysis in STEMI (ST segment elevation myocardial infarction) patients. Data on late stent thrombosis (ST) have raised concerns regarding the use of drug-eluting stents during PPCI. We report the first 3-year clinical evaluation of the zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES) in patients undergoing PPCI for STEMI, a single-center, prospective cohort study of consecutive patients admitted with STEMI. All underwent PPCI within 12 hours of symptoms; each received one or more ZES in one or more target lesions. All patients received aspirin 300 mg, clopidogrel 600 mg, abciximab, and unfractionated heparin. A total of 102 STEMI patients (76 male, mean 62 years) received 162 ZES (mean 1.6 stents/patient). Median call-to-balloon time was 123 (102-152) minutes. Thirty-day combined major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) rate was 3.9% (n = 4). Subacute ST occurred in 2 patients (1.96%). Combined MACE rates at 12 months and 3 years were 7.8% (n = 8) and 13.7% (n = 14). Late ST occurred in 1 patient (1%) with no occurrence of very late ST. This is the first 3-year report of the use of the ZES in an unselected, consecutive PPCI population. Overall 3-year incidence of MACE and target lesion revascularization (5.9%) was low, and was comparable to that seen with sirolimus- and paclitaxel-eluting stents in randomized controlled trials. At 3 years there was no occurrence of very late ST. PMID:21883474

  6. NP Co-Limitation of Primary Production and Response of Arthropods to N and P in Early Primary Succession on Mount St. Helens Volcano

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John G. Bishop; Niamh B. O'Hara; Jonathan H. Titus; Jennifer L. Apple; Richard A. Gill; Louise Wynn; Michael Somers

    2010-01-01

    BackgroundThe effect of low nutrient availability on plant-consumer interactions during early succession is poorly understood. The low productivity and complexity of primary successional communities are expected to limit diversity and abundance of arthropods, but few studies have examined arthropod responses to enhanced nutrient supply in this context. We investigated the effects of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) addition on plant

  7. Mycorrhizal fungal growth responds to soil characteristics, but not host plant identity, during a primary lacustrine dune succession.

    PubMed

    Sikes, Benjamin A; Maherali, Hafiz; Klironomos, John N

    2014-04-01

    Soil factors and host plant identity can both affect the growth and functioning of mycorrhizal fungi. Both components change during primary succession, but it is unknown if their relative importance to mycorrhizas also changes. This research tested how soil type and host plant differences among primary successional stages determine the growth and plant effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungal communities. Mycorrhizal fungal community, plant identity, and soil conditions were manipulated among three stages of a lacustrine sand dune successional series in a fully factorial greenhouse experiment. Late succession AM fungi produced more arbuscules and soil hyphae when grown in late succession soils, although the community was from the same narrow phylogenetic group as those in intermediate succession. AM fungal growth did not differ between host species, and plant growth was similarly unaffected by different AM fungal communities. These results indicate that though ecological filtering and/or adaptation of AM fungi occurs during this primary dune succession, it more strongly reflects matching between fungi and soils, rather than interactions between fungi and host plants. Thus, AM fungal performance during this succession may not depend directly on the sequence of plant community succession. PMID:24141906

  8. Does seed dispersal limit initiation of primary succession in desert playas?

    PubMed

    Fort, K P; Richards, J H

    1998-12-01

    To investigate the initiation of primary succession in a cold-desert playa-dune complex, we studied the large-scale (2000 m) seed (diaspore) dispersal patterns at Mono Lake, California. Seeds of seven of the ten species reaching the barren playa had wind-dispersal adaptations. Rates of dispersal (numbers of seeds per square metre per day) were as much as three orders of magnitude lower on the playa than in the diverse dune vegetation. However, seed input appeared sufficient to reach potential safe sites on the playa, with a peak input of 66 ± 8 total seeds·m·d. The smooth playa surface, the virtual absence of aboveground barriers, and the high windspeed environment promote the long-distance dispersal of seeds (at least 1300 m for Chrysothamnus spp. and at least 700 m for Sarcobatus vermiculatus). The large spatial scale of sampling revealed a relatively high seed input onto the playa by the dominant pioneer species S. vermiculatus, despite the low abundance of parent vegetation in this region. All of these results implicate low rates of seed entrapment as an obstacle to establishment on this desert playa, rather than a lack of seed input. PMID:21680332

  9. [Current options for percutaneous endoscopic access to the digestive tract].

    PubMed

    Römkens, T E H; de Jong, D J; Kristinsson, J O; Wanten, G J

    2008-08-23

    Four patients, aged 67, 52, 56 and 64 years, respectively, undergoing percutaneous colostomy or jejunostomy are presented to illustrate current options for percutaneous endoscopic access to the digestive tract. The first patient had Parkinson's disease and required percutaneous jejunostomy for continuous post-pyloric administration of medication. The second patient had impaired gastric emptying due to gastric graft-versus-host disease following bone marrow transplantation. He was successfully treated with percutaneous jejunostomy, which was removed 2 years later after full recovery. The third patient had severe constipation due to the use ofmorphinomimetic analgesics. She received percutaneous caecostomy for colonic lavage and desufflation. The fourth patient had combined constipation and sphincteric insufficiency. Although the percutaneous endoscopic colostomy was clinically successful, the catheter had to be removed due to local pain and abscess formation. PMID:18788674

  10. Percutaneous angioscopy of aorta

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sasaki, Michihiko

    1993-05-01

    Percutaneous angioscopic observation of the aortic luminal surface and aortic valve has not been established. Therefore, we performed percutaneous fiberoptic angioscopy of aorta and aortic valve using a balloon-tipped guiding catheter.

  11. Effect of 5E Instructional Model in Student Success in Primary School 6th Year Circulatory System Topic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cardak, Osman; Dikmenli, Musa; Saritas, Ozge

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study is to research the effect of the 5E instructional model on primary (sixth grade) student success during the circulatory system unit. This study was conducted with 38 students in two different classes by the same researcher in 2006-2007. One of the classes was assigned as the control group and the other as the experimental…

  12. Percutaneous bone tumor management.

    PubMed

    Gangi, Afshin; Buy, Xavier

    2010-06-01

    Interventional radiology plays a major role in the management of bone tumors. Many different percutaneous techniques are available. Some aim to treat pain and consolidate a pathological bone (cementoplasty); others aim to ablate tumor or reduce its volume (sclerotherapy, thermal ablation). In this article, image-guided techniques of primary and secondary bone tumors with vertebroplasty, ethanol injection, radiofrequency ablation, laser photocoagulation, cryoablation, and radiofrequency ionization (coblation) will be reviewed. For each modality, the principles, the indications, and the results will be presented. The technical choice depends on the therapeutic intent-curative or palliative-and the need for consolidation, but also on the general status of the patient and the other therapeutic options. For the most complex cases, combined treatments can be required. However, the less disabling technique should always be considered first. PMID:21629402

  13. Salvage of Immature Arteriovenous Fistulas with Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty

    SciTech Connect

    Shin, Sung Wook; Do, Young Soo, E-mail: ysdo@smc.samsung.co.kr; Choo, Sung Wook; Lieu, Wei Chiang; Choo, In-Wook [Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Korea, Republic of)

    2005-05-15

    The purpose of this study was to assess the value of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for the salvage of arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) that fail to mature. From November 1998 to February 2003, 19 patients who were treated with PTA due to immature forearm AVFs were selected. Fistulography and PTA were performed via a retrograde transvenous approach after direct puncture of the fistular vein. Technical success was defined as less than a 30% residual stenosis, whereas clinical success was defined as the ability to perform at least one session of normal hemodialysis after PTA. Findings of fistulograms, success rates of PTA, and patency rates were evaluated. On initial fistulograms, stenoses were observed in all cases and 68% (13/19) of the stenoses were located in the perianastomotic area of these immature AVFs. The initial technical success rate was 84% (16/19). Technical failures comprised two patients with diffuse narrowing and segmental thrombosis of the cephalic veins and one case of elastic recoil of the anastomotic site stenosis after PTA. Two patients were immediately lost on follow-up. The remaining 14 cases underwent successful hemodialysis 0 to 33 (mean = 15) days after PTA, showing 74% (14/19) clinical success. Although accessory branch veins were noted in most cases (74%, 14/19), leaving them alone did not affect the maturation of AVFs following PTA. There was no significant procedural or late complication. Primary and secondary patency rates at 1 year were 61 and 82%, respectively. For those AVFs that failed to mature, there were stenoses along their vascular courses as underlying causes. For the percutaneous procedure, the retrograde transvenous approach was a reasonable one. As PTA is effective and quick for the salvation of immature AVFs, it can be considered a primary method for salvaging these immature AVFs.

  14. Sequential thallium-201 myocardial perfusion studies after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary artery angioplasty: delayed resolution of exercise-induced scintigraphic abnormalities

    SciTech Connect

    Manyari, D.E.; Knudtson, M.; Kloiber, R.; Roth, D.

    1988-01-01

    To characterize the sequential changes of myocardial perfusion scintigraphy in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) after complete revascularization, 43 patients underwent exercise thallium-201 (/sup 201/Tl) myocardial perfusion scintigraphy before and at 9 +/- 5 days, 3.3 +/- 0.6, and 6.8 +/- 1.2 months after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Only patients with single-vessel CAD, without previous myocardial infarction, and without evidence of restenosis at 6 to 9 months after PTCA were included. Perfusion scans were analyzed blindly with the use of a new quantitative method to define regional myocardial perfusion in the topographic distribution of each coronary artery, which was shown to be reproducible (r = .94 or higher and SEE of 7% or less, between repeated measures by one and two operators). At 4 to 18 days after PTCA, the mean treadmill walking time increased by 123 +/- 42 sec, mean exercise-induced ST segment depression decreased by 0.6 +/- 0.3 mm, group maximal heart rate increased by 20 +/- 9 beats/min, and group systolic blood pressure at peak exercise increased by 24 +/- 10 mm Hg, compared with pre-PTCA values (p less than .001). However, no group differences were noted in these variables between the three post-PTCA stages. Myocardial perfusion in the distribution of the affected (dilated) coronary artery, on the other hand, improved progressively. In the 45 degree left anterior oblique view for instance, myocardial perfusion increased at 9 days after PTCA (from 68 +/- 24% before PTCA to 91 +/- 9%, p less than .001) and at 3.3 months after PTCA (101 +/- 8%, p less than .05 vs 9 days after PTCA), but no further significant changes were seen at 6.8 months after PTCA (102 +/- 8%). Similar changes were noted in the other two views. No relationship between minor complications during PTCA and delayed improvement on the /sup 201/Tl was observed.

  15. Different Impact of Diabetes Mellitus on In-Hospital and 1-Year Mortality in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction Who Underwent Successful Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Results from the Korean Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry

    PubMed Central

    Park, Keun-Ho; Jeong, Myung Ho; Chae, Shung Chull; Hur, Seung Ho; Kim, Young Jo; Seong, In Whan; Chae, Jei Keon; Hong, Taek Jong; Cho, Myeong Chan; Bae, Jang Ho; Rha, Seung Woon; Jang, Yang Soo

    2012-01-01

    Background/Aims The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of diabetes mellitus (DM) on in-hospital and 1-year mortality in patients who suffered acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and underwent successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods Among 5,074 consecutive patients from the Korea AMI Registry with successful revascularization between November 2005 and June 2007, 1,412 patients had a history of DM. Results The DM group had a higher mean age prevalence of history of hypertension, dyslipidemia, ischemic heart disease, high Killip class, and diagnoses as non-ST elevation MI than the non-DM group. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and creatinine clearance were lower in the DM group, which also had a significantly higher incidence of in-hospital and 1-year mortality of hospital survivors (4.6% vs. 2.8%, p = 0.002; 5.0% vs. 2.5%, p < 0.001). A multivariate analysis revealed that independent predictors of in-hospital mortality were Killip class IV or III at admission, use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin-II receptor blockers, LVEF, creatinine clearance, and a diagnosis of ST-elevated MI but not DM. However, a multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that DM was an independent predictor of 1-year mortality (hazard ratio, 1.504; 95% confidence interval, 1.032 to 2.191). Conclusions DM has a higher association with 1-year mortality than in-hospital mortality in patients with AMI who underwent successful PCI. Therefore, even when patients with AMI and DM undergo successful PCI, they may require further intensive treatment and continuous attention. PMID:22707890

  16. Organizational Culture in a Successful Primary School: An Ethnographic Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Negis-Isik, Ayse; Gursel, Musa

    2013-01-01

    Even though they are perceived similar from outside, all schools have distinct characteristics and a culture that differ them from other schools. School culture, is one of the important factors that play role in school efficiency and success. The purpose of this study was to examine the culture of a successful school profoundly. This study was a…

  17. Successful conservative treatment of dentigerous cyst following intrusion of lower primary incisors.

    PubMed

    Ashkenazi, Malka; Levin, Liran

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on the development of a dentigerous cyst associated with a lower permanent incisor following intrusion of two lower primary incisors. The small root remnant of one of the traumatized primary incisors was associated with granulation tissue, while the second incisor was discolored and suspected of being non-vital. The associated permanent incisor and other adjacent incisors were apically and laterally dislocated from their natural site of eruption. The conservative treatment included extraction of the involved primary discolored incisor, as well as the root remnant, followed by removal of the granulation tissue. After 18 months of follow-up, the permanent incisors were erupting in normal position, without pathological signs of the dentigerous cyst. Following severe traumatic injury to a primary tooth, periodic radiographic follow-up, until eruption of the correspondent permanent tooth, is recommended. PMID:25672078

  18. vol. 155, no. 2 the american naturalist february 2000 Trophic Interactions during Primary Succession: Herbivores

    E-print Network

    Fagan, William

    , Seattle, Washington 98195 Submitted April 9, 1999; Accepted September 20, 1999 abstract: Lupines (Lupinus lepidus var. lobbii), the earliest plant colonists of primary successional habitats at Mount St. Helens

  19. Successful treatment of primary jejunal cancer after esophageal and colon cancer resection.

    PubMed

    Egashira, Akinori; Taguchi, Ken-Ichi; Toh, Yasushi; Yamamoto, Manabu; Okamura, Takeshi; Saeki, Hiroshi; Oki, Eiji; Morita, Masaru; Ikeda, Tetsuo; Mimori, Koshi; Watanabe, Masayuki; Maehara, Yoshihiko

    2013-11-01

    Patients with esophageal cancer are susceptible to other primary cancers, but multiple primary cancers involving the esophagus and jejunum are rare. We herein report a case of primary jejunal cancer as a component of metachronous triple primary cancers including esophageal cancer and ascending colon cancer. A 63-year-old male patient with a history of surgery for esophageal cancer and ascending colon cancer was admitted to our hospital after experiencing 1 month of repeated vomiting and epigastric abdominal pain. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, duodenography, and computed tomography revealed a jejunal tumor located 2 cm from the ligament of Treitz on the anal side. Partial resection of the jejunum with lymph node dissection was performed. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient remains well with no signs of recurrence 10 months after the operation. This is the first report of curative resection of triple primary cancers of the esophagus, jejunum, and colon. Patients with a history of esophageal cancer are susceptible to other primary cancers, and it is important to perform surveillance for the subsequent development of other cancers. PMID:24620639

  20. Long-term Follow-up of Patients with Elevated PTH Levels following Successful Exploration for Primary Hyperparathyroidism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Nordenström; Johan Westerdahl; A. Bergenfelz

    2004-01-01

    Several studies have documented elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels after seemingly successful exploration for primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). It is not known if this is a transient phenomenon after pHPT surgery or if it predisposes to recurrent disease. A series of 99 consecutive patients with pHPT who had solitary parathyroid adenomas were followed for 5 years. Serum levels of PTH and

  1. Central Die-back of Monoclonal Stands of Reynoutria japonica in an Early Stage of Primary Succession on Mount Fuji

    Microsoft Academic Search

    NAOKI ADACHI; ICHIRO TERASHIMA; MASAYUKI TAKAHASHI

    1996-01-01

    Reynoutria japonicais a common perennial pioneer species on Japanese volcanoes. In a volcanic desert (1500m above sea level) on Mount Fuji (3776m), central Japan, this species forms circular stands (patches). As a patch develops, shoot density decreases in its centre (‘central die-back’). The central die-back has been considered a key process in the early stages of primary succession, though its

  2. Percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy for patients with malignant pericardial effusion including three malignant pleural mesotheliomas.

    PubMed

    Ovünç, K; Aytemir, K; Ozer, N; Atalar, E; Aksöyek, S; Nazli, N; Gürsel, G; Kes, S

    2001-05-01

    Ten patients were enrolled in this study to evaluate the therapeutic value of percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy in patients with symptomatic pericardial effusion secondary to malignant diseases. Four patients had breast cancer; 2 had lung cancer; 1 had non-Hodgkin's lymphoma; and 3 had malignant pleural mesothelioma, which is commonly seen in Central Anatolian region of Turkey. All patients underwent percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy with monofoil balloons (Mansfield, NuMed). No complication was seen during these procedures. In 3 patients, the balloon could not be expanded completely and was entered from a more lateral position by a second puncture. There was no recurrence of pericardial effusion in 6 of 7 patients without mesothelioma. After percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy, surgical subxiphoid windowing was performed due to drainage greater than 100 mL/day in a patient with lung cancer and in 1 patient with mesothelioma. In the other 2 patients with mesothelioma, recurrence of pericardial effusion was seen and then subxiphoid surgical windowing was performed due to development of cardiac tamponade in 1 of them. All the patients died 68.6 +/- 36 days later due to the primary malignancies. The survival time of patients with mesothelioma was shorter than that of the others (p < 0.05). These results suggest that percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy may be used in the treatment of patients with malignant pericardial effusion as an alternative to surgical pericardial window creation. But in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma, the success rate of this procedure was lower than that of the others. PMID:11386383

  3. Accumulation of nitrogen and organic matter during primary succession of Leymus arenarius dunes on the volcanic island Surtsey, Iceland

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stefansdottir, G.; Aradottir, A. L.; Sigurdsson, B. D.

    2014-05-01

    The volcanic island of Surtsey has been a natural laboratory where the primary succession of flora and fauna has been monitored, since it emerged from the N-Atlantic Ocean in 1963. We quantified the accumulation rates of nitrogen (N) and soil organic matter (SOM) in a 37 year long chronosequence of Leymus arenarius dunes in order to illuminate the spatiotemporal patterns in their build-up in primary succession. The Leymus dune area, volume and height grew exponentially over time. Aboveground plant biomass, cover or number of shoots per unit area did not change significantly with time, but root biomass accumulated with time, giving a root-shoot ratio of 19. The dunes accumulated on average 6.6 kg N ha-1 year-1, which was 3.5 times more than is received annually by atmospheric deposition. The extensive root system of Leymus seems to effectively retain and accumulate large part of the annual N deposition, not only deposition directly on the dunes but also from the adjacent unvegetated areas. SOM per unit area increased exponentially with dune age, but the accumulation of roots, aboveground biomass and SOM was more strongly linked to soil N than time: 1 g m-2 increase in soil N led on the average to 6 kg C m-2 increase in biomass and SOM. The Leymus dunes, where most of the N has been accumulated, will therefore probably act as hot-spots for further primary succession of flora and fauna on the tephra sands of Surtsey.

  4. Trophic Interactions during Primary Succession: Herbivores Slow a Plant Reinvasion at Mount St. Helens

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William F. Fagan; John G. Bishop

    2000-01-01

    Lupines (Lupinus lepidus var. lobbii), the earliest plant colonists of primary successional habitats at Mount St. Helens, were expected to strongly affect successional trajectories through facili- tative effects. However, their effects remain localized because initially high rates of reinvasive spread were short lived, despite widespread habitat availability. We experimentally tested whether insect herbi- vores, by reducing plant growth and fecundity

  5. Toddlers' Emotional Reactions to Separation from Their Primary Caregivers: Successful Home--School Transition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xu, Yaoying

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine toddlers' emotional reactions to separation from their primary caregivers through the observation on a group of toddlers (18-30 months old) at a university preschool classroom. Interactional ethnography with ethnographic perspective and sociolinguistic discourse analysis was used as the theoretical…

  6. -Primary succession on Mount St. Helens -223 Journal of Vegetation Science 4: 223-234, 1993

    E-print Network

    del Moral, Roger

    -defined successional stages of primary succes- sion on volcanoes have been described (Beardsley & Cannon 1930; Smathers for time (Houle & Phillips 1989). Long-term studies using frequently re- corded permanent plots are less have as many spe- cies, but mean species richness is much lower than in undis- turbed plots. Cover

  7. Primary succession in Westland National Park and its vicinity, New Zealand

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Wardle

    1980-01-01

    This paper concludes a series on the vegetation of Westland National Park with an outline of the development of vegetation on new surfaces. A particularly long succession, well dated over its latest 14 000 years, is taking place on surfaces formed during the fluctuating retreat of low-altitude glaciers. Surfaces have been classed as gravel slopes, alluvial flats, loose boulders, solid

  8. Planning for Leadership Succession: Creating a Talent Pool in Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brundrett, Mark; Rhodes, Christopher; Gkolia, Chrysanthi

    2006-01-01

    This article reports on a study that was funded by the National College for School Leadership in order to explore practices, drivers and barriers to leadership talent identification, leadership development, leadership succession planning and leadership retention within a group of contextually different schools. The article offers two narratives…

  9. LUPINE EFFECTS ON SOIL QUALITY AND FUNCTION DURING PRIMARY SUCCESSION AT MOUNT ST. HELENS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Lupines, early legume colonists of Mount St. Helens pyroclastic flows, are important mediators of above and belowground succession because they are sources of C and N that impact soil genesis, establishment of other plant species and soil microbial communities. Rates of N2 fixation by lupines can va...

  10. Facilitating Primary Head Teacher Succession in England: The Role of the School Business Manager

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woods, Charlotte; Armstrong, Paul; Pearson, Diana

    2012-01-01

    School leadership is significant for student learning, but increased workload and complexity are believed to be in part responsible for the difficulties internationally in managing succession, with experienced leaders leaving the profession prematurely and potential future leaders reluctant to take on the role. This article draws on a national…

  11. The significance of persistent ST elevation versus early resolution of ST segment elevation after primary PTCA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shlomi Matetzky; Maxim Novikov; Luis Gruberg; Dov Freimark; Micha Feinberg; Dan Elian; Ilya Novikov; Elio Di Segni; Oren Agranat; Yedael Har-Zahav; Babeth Rabinowitz; Elieser Kaplinsky; Hanoch Hod

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVESTo determine the prevalence and clinical significance of early ST segment elevation resolution after primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for acute myocardial infarction (AMI).BACKGROUNDDespite angiographically successful restoration of coronary flow early during AMI, adequate myocardial reperfusion might not occur in a substantial portion of the jeopardized myocardium due to microvascular damage. This phenomenon comprises the potentially beneficial effect of

  12. Ecosystem properties and microbial community changes in primary succession on a glacier forefront

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rauni Ohtonen; Hannu Fritze; Taina Pennanen; Ari Jumpponen; Jim Trappe

    1999-01-01

    We studied microbial community composition in a primary successional chronosequence on the forefront of Lyman Glacier, Washington,\\u000a United States. We sampled microbial communities in soil from nonvegetated areas and under the canopies of mycorrhizal and\\u000a nonmycorrhizal plants from 20- to 80-year-old zones along the successional gradient. Three independent measures of microbial\\u000a biomass were used: substrate-induced respiration (SIR), phospholipid fatty acid

  13. Early Primary Succession on Mount St. Helens: Impact of Insect Herbivores on Colonizing Lupines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John G. Bishop

    2002-01-01

    Lupinus lepidusvar. lobbii, the earliest plant colonist of primary successional habitats at Mount St. Helens, can dramatically influence successional rates and ecosystem development through N fixation and other facilitative effects. However, 15 yr after the eruption, lupine effects remained localized because high rates of population growth in newly founded patches ( l5 11.2, 1981-1985) were short lived ( l5 1.51,

  14. Primary Tumor Levels of Human Tissue Kallikreins Affect Surgical Success and Survival in Ovarian Cancer Patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julia Dorn; Manfred Schmitt; Ronald Kates; Barbara Schmalfeldt; Marion Kiechle; Andreas Scorilas; Eleftherios P. Diamandis; Nadia Harbeck

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: Proteolytic factors of the human tissue kallikrein (hK) family and the plasminogen activation system play a key role in tumor progression in various malignancies. We determined antigen levels of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), its inhibitor PAI-1, and hK5-8, hK10, hK11, and hK13 by ELISA in primary tumor tissue extracts of 142 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) I

  15. Space Shuttle Program Primary Avionics Software System (PASS) Success Legacy - Quality and Reliability Date

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Orr, James K.; Peltier, Daryl

    2010-01-01

    Thsi slide presentation reviews the avionics software system on board the space shuttle, with particular emphasis on the quality and reliability. The Primary Avionics Software System (PASS) provides automatic and fly-by-wire control of critical shuttle systems which executes in redundant computers. Charts given show the number of space shuttle flights vs time, PASS's development history, and other charts that point to the reliability of the system's development. The reliability of the system is also compared to predicted reliability.

  16. Impact of iso-osmolar versus low-osmolar contrast agents on contrast-induced nephropathy and tissue reperfusion in unselected patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (from the Contrast Media and Nephrotoxicity Following Primary Angioplasty for Acute Myocardial Infarction [CONTRAST-AMI] Trial).

    PubMed

    Bolognese, Leonardo; Falsini, Giovanni; Schwenke, Carsten; Grotti, Simone; Limbruno, Ugo; Liistro, Francesco; Carrera, Arcangelo; Angioli, Paolo; Picchi, Andrea; Ducci, Kenneth; Pierli, Carlo

    2012-01-01

    Conflicting data have been reported on the effects of low-osmolar and iso-osmolar contrast media on contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI). In particular, no clinical trial has yet focused on the effect of contemporary contrast media on CI-AKI, epicardial flow, and microcirculatory function in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction who undergo primary percutaneous coronary intervention. The Contrast Media and Nephrotoxicity Following Coronary Revascularization by Angioplasty for Acute Myocardial Infarction (CONTRAST-AMI) trial is a prospective, randomized, single-blind, parallel-group, noninferiority study aiming to evaluate the effects of the low-osmolar contrast medium iopromide compared to the iso-osmolar agent iodixanol on CI-AKI and tissue-level perfusion in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction. Four hundred seventy-five consecutive, unselected patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention were randomized to iopromide (n = 239) or iodixanol (n = 236). All patients received high-dose N-acetylcysteine and hydration. The primary end point was the proportion of patients with serum creatinine (sCr) increases ?25% from baseline to 72 hours. Secondary end points were Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) myocardial perfusion grade, increase in sCr ?50%, increase in sCr ?0.5 or ?1 mg/dl, and 1-month major adverse cardiac events. The primary end point occurred in 10% of the iopromide group and in 13% of the iodixanol group (95% confidence interval -9% to 3%, p for noninferiority = 0.0002). A TIMI myocardial perfusion grade of 0 or 1 was present in 14% of patients in the 2 groups. No differences between the 2 groups were found in any of the secondary analyses of sCr increase. No significant difference in 1-month major adverse cardiac events was found (8% vs 6%, p = 0.37). In conclusion, in a population of unselected patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention, iopromide was not inferior to iodixanol in the occurrence of CI-AKI; no significant differences were found in terms of tissue-level reperfusion and major adverse cardiac events between the 2 contrast agents. PMID:21943940

  17. Percutaneous Nephrostomy: Technical Aspects and Indications

    PubMed Central

    Dagli, Mandeep; Ramchandani, Parvati

    2011-01-01

    First described in 1955 by Goodwin et al as a minimally invasive treatment for urinary obstruction causing marked hydronephrosis, percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) placement quickly found use in a wide variety of clinical indications in both dilated and nondilated systems. Although the advancement of modern endourological techniques has led to a decline in the indications for primary nephrostomy placement, PCNs still play an important role in the treatment of multiple urologic conditions. In this article, the indications, placement, and postprocedure management of percutaneous nephrostomy drainage are described. PMID:23204641

  18. Efficacy and safety of tirofiban-supported primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients pretreated with 600 mg clopidogrel: results of propensity analysis using the Clinical Center of Serbia STEMI Register

    PubMed Central

    Savic, Lidija; Lasica, Ratko; Krljanac, Gordana; Asanin, Milika; Brdar, Natasa; Djuricic, Nemanja; Marinkovic, Jelena; Perunicic, Jovan

    2014-01-01

    Background: Studies with platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor inhibitors (GPIs) showed conflicting results in primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) patients who were pretreated with 600 mg clopidogrel. We sought to investigate the short- and long-term efficacy and safety of the periprocedural administration of tirofiban in a largest Serbian PPCI centre. Methods: We analysed 2995 consecutive PPCI patients enrolled in the Clinical Center of Serbia STEMI Register, between February 2007 and March 2012. All patients were pretreated with 600 mg clopidogrel and 300 mg aspirin. Major adverse cardiovascular events, comprising all-cause death, nonfatal infarction, nonfatal stroke, and ischaemia-driven target vessel revascularization, was the primary efficacy end point. TIMI major bleeding was the key safety end point. Results: Analyses drawn from the propensity-matched sample showed improved primary efficacy end point in the tirofiban group at 30-day (OR 0.72, 95% CI 0.53–0.97) and at 1-year (OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.57–0.96) follow up. Moreover, tirofiban group had a significantly lower 30-day all-cause mortality (secondary end point; OR 0.63, 95% CI 0.40–0.90), compared with patients who were not administered tirofiban. At 1 year, a trend towards a lower all-cause mortality was observed in the tirofiban group (OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.53–1.04). No differences were found with respect to the TIMI major bleeding during the follow-up period. Conclusions: Tirofiban administered with PPCI, following 600 mg clopidogrel pretreatment, improved primary efficacy outcome at 30 days and at 1 year follow up without an increase in major bleeding. PMID:24562804

  19. Primary Care and Public Health Activities in Select US Health Centers: Documenting Successes, Barriers, and Lessons Learned

    PubMed Central

    Shi, Leiyu; Chowdhury, Joya; Sripipatana, Alek; Zhu, Jinsheng; Sharma, Ravi; Hayashi, A. Seiji; Daly, Charles A.; Tomoyasu, Naomi; Nair, Suma; Ngo-Metzger, Quyen

    2012-01-01

    Objectives. We examined primary care and public health activities among federally funded health centers, to better understand their successes, the barriers encountered, and the lessons learned. Methods. We used qualitative and quantitative methods to collect data from 9 health centers, stratified by administrative division, urban–rural location, and race/ethnicity of patients served. Descriptive data on patient and institutional characteristics came from the Uniform Data System, which collects data from all health centers annually. We administered questionnaires and conducted phone interviews with key informants. Results. Health centers performed well on primary care coordination and community orientation scales and reported conducting many essential public health activities. We identified specific needs for integrating primary care and public health: (1) more funding for collaborations and for addressing the social determinants of health, (2) strong leadership to champion collaborations, (3) trust building among partners, with shared missions and clear expectations of responsibilities, and (4) alignment and standardization of data collection, analysis, and exchange. Conclusions. Lessons learned from health centers should inform strategies to better integrate public health with primary care. PMID:22690975

  20. Primary succession of Acrididae (Orthoptera): Differences in displacement capacities in early and late colonizers of new habitats

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Picaud, F.; Petit, D. P.

    2007-07-01

    Rehabilitated mine sites are suitable environments for the study of primary ecological succession. Following the monitoring of Plant and Orthoptera communities for 4 years on 7 sites in the Limousin region (France), covering 9 years of rehabilitation, three grasshopper seres were defined. It is expected that these seres are conditioned by both displacement capacities and reproductive characteristics. This study compares by field experiments the jumping flights and walking speed of the most abundant Caelifera belonging to the defined seres. A strong link emerged between the successional stages, the distances covered by jumping flights and sexual dimorphism. Walking speed is poorly related to the successional stage. We show that the high density of some species, as observed in the medium stage of succession, significantly reduces the walking distance of late colonisers, suggesting a mechanism that reduces further colonisation.

  1. Primary succession of soil enzyme activity and heterotrophic microbial communities along the chronosequence of Tianshan Mountains No. 1 Glacier, China.

    PubMed

    Zeng, Jun; Wang, Xiao-Xia; Lou, Kai; Eusufzai, Moniruzzaman Khan; Zhang, Tao; Lin, Qing; Shi, Ying-Wu; Yang, Hong-Mei; Li, Zhong-Qing

    2015-02-01

    We investigated the primary successions of soil enzyme activity and heterotrophic microbial communities at the forefields of the Tianshan Mountains No. 1 Glacier by investigating soil microbial processes (microbial biomass and nitrogen mineralization), enzyme activity and community-level physiological profiling. Soils deglaciated between 1959 and 2008 (0, 5, 17, 31 and 44 years) were collected. Soils >1,500 years in age were used as a reference (alpine meadow soils). Soil enzyme activity and carbon-source utilization ability significantly increased with successional time. Amino-acid utilization rates were relatively higher in early, unvegetated soils (0 and 5 years), but carbohydrate utilization was higher in later stages (from 31 years to the reference soil). Discriminant analysis, including data on microbial processes and soil enzyme activities, revealed that newly exposed soils (0-5 years) and older soils (17-44 years) were well-separated from each other and obviously different from the reference soil. Correlation analysis revealed that soil organic carbon, was the primary factor influencing soil enzyme activity and heterotrophic microbial community succession. Redundancy analysis suggested that soil pH and available P were also affect microbial activity to a considerable degree. Our results indicated that glacier foreland soils have continued to develop over 44 years and soils were significantly affected by the geographic location of the glacier and the local topography. Soil enzyme activities and heterotrophic microbial communities were also significantly influenced by these variables. PMID:25472706

  2. Accumulation of nitrogen and organic matter during primary succession of Leymus arenarius dunes on the volcanic island Surtsey, Iceland

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stefansdottir, G.; Aradottir, A. L.; Sigurdsson, B. D.

    2014-10-01

    Initial soil development and enhanced nutrient retention are often important underlying environmental factors during primary succession. We quantified the accumulation rates of nitrogen (N) and soil organic matter (SOM) in a 37-year-long chronosequence of Leymus arenarius dunes on the pristine volcanic island Surtsey in order to illuminate the spatiotemporal patterns in their build-up. The Leymus dune area, volume and height grew exponentially over time. Aboveground plant biomass, cover or number of shoots per unit area did not change significantly with time, but root biomass accumulated with time, giving a root / shoot ratio of 19. The dunes accumulated on average 6.6 kg N ha-1 year-1, which was 3.5 times more than is received annually by atmospheric deposition. The extensive root system of Leymus seems to effectively retain and accumulate a large part of the annual N deposition, not only deposition directly on the dunes but also from the adjacent unvegetated areas. SOM per unit area increased exponentially with dune age, but the accumulation of roots, aboveground biomass and SOM was more strongly linked to soil N than time: a 1 g m-2 increase in soil N led on average to a 6 kg C m-2 increase in biomass and SOM. The Leymus dunes, where most of the N has been accumulated, will therefore probably act as hot spots for further primary succession of flora and fauna on the tephra sands of Surtsey.

  3. Metachronous renal vein and artery injure after percutaneous nephrostolithotomy

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Percutaneous nephrostolithotomy is important approach for kidney stones removal. A percutaneous nephrostomy drainage tube placement is an effective method to stop venous bleeding. Occasionally, the catheter can pierce into the renal parenchyma, and migrate into the renal vein even to the vena cava. Case presentation A 66-year-old woman underwent a percutaneous nephrostolithotomy for kidney staghorn stone complicating severe bleeding. A computed tomography angiography showed the percutaneous nephrostomy drainage tube inside the renal vein. The percutaneous nephrostomy drainage tube was withdrawn 3 cm back to the renal parenchyma/sinus/pelvis in stages with the surgical team on standby. Seven days later, the patient developed severe hematuria. Computed tomography angiography demonstrated the pseudoaneurysm located near the percutaneous nephrostomy drainage tube. Pseudoaneurysm is embolized successfully. Conclusion Our case shows intravenous misplacement of the nephrostomy tube and subsequent pseudoaneurysm after percutaneous nephrostolithotomy. To our knowledge, this seems to be the first documentation of major bleeding from the injury to both renal vein and artery. The percutaneous nephrostomy drainage tube can be withdrawn back to the renal parenchyma/sinus/pelvis in stages with the surgical team on standby, and the withdrawn distance may vary according to patient and catheter position. PMID:24304827

  4. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy: Analysis of 500 consecutive cases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Won J. Lee; Arthur D. Smith; Vincent Cubelli; Frances M. Vernace

    1986-01-01

    The first 500 patients who underwent percutaneous stone removal at our hospital and who have been evaluated for at least 8\\u000a months were reviewed. Comparison of the first 100 patients with the entire series showed a sharp improvement in the success\\u000a rate as the radiologic and urologic team gained experience. The success rate for simple pelvicaliceal stones was 98% in

  5. Regime Shift by an Exotic Nitrogen-Fixing Shrub Mediates Plant Facilitation in Primary Succession

    PubMed Central

    Stinca, Adriano; Chirico, Giovanni Battista; Incerti, Guido; Bonanomi, Giuliano

    2015-01-01

    Ecosystem invasion by non-native, nitrogen-fixing species is a global phenomenon with serious ecological consequences. However, in the Mediterranean basin few studies addressed the impact of invasion by nitrogen-fixing shrubs on soil quality and hydrological properties at local scale, and the possible effects on succession dynamics and ecosystem invasibility by further species. In this multidisciplinary study we investigated the impact of Genista aetnensis (Biv.) DC., an exotic nitrogen-fixing shrub, on the Vesuvius Grand Cone (Southern Italy). Specifically, we tested the hypotheses that the invasion of G. aetnensis has a significant impact on soil quality, soil hydrological regime, local microclimate and plant community structure, and that its impact increases during the plant ontogenetic cycle. We showed that G. aetnensis, in a relatively short time-span (i.e. ~ 40 years), has been able to build-up an island of fertility under its canopy, by accumulating considerable stocks of C, N, and P in the soil, and by also improving the soil hydrological properties. Moreover, G. aetnensis mitigates the daily range of soil temperature, reducing the exposure of coexisting plants to extremely high temperatures and water loss by soil evaporation, particularly during the growing season. Such amelioration of soil quality, coupled with the mitigation of below-canopy microclimatic conditions, has enhanced plant colonization of the barren Grand Cone slopes, by both herbaceous and woody species. These results suggest that the invasion of G. aetnensis could eventually drive to the spread of other, more resource-demanding exotic species, promoting alternative successional trajectories that may dramatically affect the local landscape. Our study is the first record of the invasion of G. aetnensis, an additional example of the regime shifts driven by N-fixing shrubs in Mediterranean region. Further studies are needed to identity specific management practices that can limit the spread and impacts of this species. PMID:25835015

  6. The Association Between Levels of Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 with Acute Heart Failure and Left Ventricular Dysfunction in Patients with ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction Treated by Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Goldbergova, Monika Pavkova; Jarkovsky, Jiri; Kala, Petr; Poloczek, Martin; Manousek, Jan; Kluz, Krystyna; Kubkova, Lenka; Littnerova, Simona; Tesak, Martin; Toman, Ondrej; Pavek, Nikolas; Cermakova, Zdenka; Tomandl, Josef; Vasku, Anna; Spinar, Jindrich

    2012-01-01

    Aims: Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMPs) bind to active matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs), and thereby inhibit their proteolytic activity. We investigated the role of polymorphisms in the gene for TIMP-1 and serum levels of TIMP-1 in association with postmyocardial infarction (MI), left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, and symptoms of acute heart failure (AHF) in patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods: In total, 556 patients with STEMI were evaluated. Levels of TIMP-1 were measured at admission and 24?h after MI onset. The TIMP-1 exon 5 SNP rs4898 (F124F with T>C) located at X chromosome was assayed. Results: TIMP-1 levels were higher for men with AHF as well as for men with LV dysfunction (ejection fraction [EF]<40%). According to multivariate analysis, the TIMP-1 level was a factor with an independent negative relationship to EF and AHF in men. An independent relationship between exon 5 TIMP-1 gene polymorphism and EF, AHF or TIMP-1 level was not documented. Conclusion: These results provide evidence that a higher level of circulating TIMP-1 is independently associated with worse EF and AHF. PMID:22971139

  7. CT-guided percutaneous biopsy of spinal lesions

    PubMed Central

    Peh, WCG

    2006-01-01

    Accurate diagnosis of spine lesions is important for its successful management. Imaging–guided percutaneous biopsy is gaining increasing acceptance as a means for obtaining tissue for diagnosis. Most biopsies can be rapidly performed under local anaesthesia, with little patient discomfort and improved safety. Spinal anatomy is, however, complex with many adjacent vital structures. Good knowledge of anatomy and precise needling technique is, therefore, important. Today, biopsy of spinal lesions is best performed under computed tomography (CT) fluoroscopic guidance. Indications for imaging-guided biopsy include confirming metastasis in a patient with a known primary tumour, determining the nature of a solitary bone lesion, excluding malignancy in vertebral body compression, and investigating for infection. Among the various issues to be considered are site of lesion, location of adjacent vital structures, approach, and type and size of needle. Complications are rare, particularly when a meticulous technique is applied. In summary, CT-guided percutaneous biopsy is a safe and an effective technique for the evaluation of spinal lesions and useful in planning therapy. PMID:21614239

  8. Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment of Chronic Iliac Artery Occlusion

    SciTech Connect

    Carnevale, F. C. [Institute of Radiology, University of Sao Paulo, Department of Interventional Radiology (Brazil)], E-mail: fcarnevale@uol.com.br; De Blas, Mariano; Merino, Santiago; Egana, Jose M. [Hospital De Guipuzcoa, Department of Radiology (Spain); Caldas, Jose G.M.P. [Institute of Radiology, University of Sao Paulo, Department of Interventional Radiology (Brazil)

    2004-09-15

    Purpose: To evaluate the clinical and radiological long-term results of recanalization of chronic occluded iliac arteries with balloon angioplasty and stent placement.Methods: Sixty-nine occluded iliac arteries (mean length 8.1 cm; range 4-16 cm) in 67 patients were treated by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stent placement. Evaluations included clinical assesment according to Fontaine stages, Doppler examinations with ankle-brachial index (ABI) and bilateral lower extremity arteriograms. Wallstent and Cragg vascular stents were inserted for iliac artery recanalization under local anesthesia. Follow-up lasted 1-83 months (mean 29.5 months).Results: Technical success rate was 97.1% (67 of 69). The mean ABI increased from 0.46 to 0.85 within 30 days after treatment and was 0.83 at the most recent follow-up. Mean hospitalization time was 2 days and major complications included arterial thrombosis (3%), arterial rupture (3%) and distal embolization (1%). During follow-up 6% stenosis and 9% thrombosis of the stents were observed. Clinical improvement occurred in 92% of patients. Primary and secondary patency rates were 75% and 95%, respectively.Conclusion: The long-term patency rates and clinical benefits suggest that percutaneous endovascular revascularization with metallic stents is a safe and effective treatment for patients with chronic iliac artery occlusion.

  9. Percutaneous cervical disc decompression

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Klaus Birnbaum

    2009-01-01

    Background  Cervical disc nucleoplasty is a significant and clinically demonstrated innovation in percutaneous disc decompression in case\\u000a of non-herniated disc protrusions or prolpase. It allows a percutaneous decompression via a 19-gauge needle under utilization\\u000a of the Coblation® technique and under C-arm control. Until now the patients suffering of a cervicobrachialgia in cause of a disc prolapse had\\u000a only the therapeutical solution

  10. Percutaneous Stone Removal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Louis Eichel; Ralph V. Clayman

    In this chapter the method of percutaneous stone removal is reviewed in its entirety. The indications for percutaneous stone\\u000a removal in the age of shockwave lithotripsy and ureteroscopy are carefully reviewed: staghorn stones, obstruction and stones\\u000a (e.g., ureteropelvic junction obstruction and calyceal diverticula), renal anomalies (e.g., horseshoe kidney), stones with\\u000a difficult lower pole anatomy, and calculi that are extremely hard

  11. Ectopic Varices in the Gastrointestinal Tract: Short- and Long-Term Outcomes of Percutaneous Therapy

    SciTech Connect

    Macedo, Thanila A., E-mail: macedo.thanila@mayo.edu; Andrews, James C. [Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Department of Radiology (United States); Kamath, Patrick S. [Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (United States)

    2005-04-15

    To evaluate the results of percutaneous management of ectopic varices, a retrospective review was carried out of 14 patients (9 men, 5 women; mean age 58 years) who between 1992 and 2001 underwent interventional radiological techniques for management of bleeding ectopic varices. A history of prior abdominal surgery was present in 12 of 14 patients. The interval between the surgery and percutaneous intervention ranged from 2 to 38 years. Transhepatic portal venography confirmed ectopic varices to be the source of portal hypertension-related gastrointestinal bleeding. Embolization of the ectopic varices was performed by a transhepatic approach with coil embolization of the veins draining into the ectopic varices. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) was performed in the standard fashion. Eighteen procedures (12 primary coil embolizations, 1 primary TIPS, 2 re-embolizations, 3 secondary TIPS) were performed in 13 patients. One patient was not a candidate for percutaneous treatment. All interventions but one (re-embolization) were technically successful. In 2 of 18 interventions, re-bleeding occurred within 72 hr (both embolization patients). Recurrent bleeding (23 days to 27 months after initial intervention) was identified in 9 procedures (8 coil embolizations, 1 TIPS due to biliary fistula). One patient had TIPS revision because of ultrasound surveillance findings. New encephalopathy developed in 2 of 4 TIPS patients. Percutaneous coil embolization is a simple and safe treatment for bleeding ectopic varices; however, recurrent bleeding is frequent and reintervention often required. TIPS can offer good control of bleeding at the expense of a more complex procedure and associated risk of encephalopathy.

  12. N-P Co-Limitation of Primary Production and Response of Arthropods to N and P in Early Primary Succession on Mount St. Helens Volcano

    PubMed Central

    Bishop, John G.; O'Hara, Niamh B.; Titus, Jonathan H.; Apple, Jennifer L.; Gill, Richard A.; Wynn, Louise

    2010-01-01

    Background The effect of low nutrient availability on plant-consumer interactions during early succession is poorly understood. The low productivity and complexity of primary successional communities are expected to limit diversity and abundance of arthropods, but few studies have examined arthropod responses to enhanced nutrient supply in this context. We investigated the effects of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) addition on plant productivity and arthropod abundance on 24-yr-old soils at Mount St. Helens volcano. Methodology/Principal Findings We measured the relative abundance of eight arthropod orders and five families in plots that received N, P, or no nutrients for 3–5 years. We also measured plant % cover, leaf %N, and plant diversity. Vegetation responded rapidly to N addition but showed a lagged response to P that, combined with evidence of increased N fixation, suggested P-limitation to N availability. After 3 yrs of fertilization, orthopterans (primarily Anabrus simplex (Tettigoniidae) and Melanoplus spp (Acrididae)) showed a striking attraction to P addition plots, while no other taxa responded to fertilization. After 5 yrs of fertilization, orthopteran density in the same plots increased 80%–130% with P addition and 40% with N. Using structural equation modeling, we show that in year 3 orthopteran abundance was associated with a P-mediated increase in plant cover (or correlated increases in resource quality), whereas in year 5 orthopteran density was not related to cover, diversity or plant %N, but rather to unmeasured effects of P, such as its influence on other aspects of resource quality. Conclusions/Significance The marked surprising response to P by orthopterans, combined with a previous observation of P-limitation in lepidopteran herbivores at these sites, suggests that P-mediated effects of food quantity or quality are critical to insect herbivores in this N-P co-limited primary successional system. Our results also support a previous suggestion that the availability of N in these soils is P-limited. PMID:21049006

  13. Donor-gifted allograft urolithiasis: early percutaneous management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hsueh-Fu Lu; Bijan Shekarriz; Marshall L Stoller

    2002-01-01

    Objectives. To describe our successful early management of donor-gifted nephrolithiasis by percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Donor-gifted nephrolithiasis is a rare and frustrating complication of renal transplantation. In the past, initial conservative management with relief of obstruction and shock wave lithotripsy has been recommended.Methods. We treated 3 cases of donor-gifted cadaveric kidney transplant stones by a percutaneous approach 1 to 2 months postoperatively.

  14. Changes in the structure and heterogeneity of vegetation and microsite environments with the chronosequence of primary succession on a glacier foreland in Ellesmere Island, high arctic Canada

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Akira S. Mori; Takashi Osono; Masaki Uchida; Hiroshi Kanda

    2008-01-01

    Primary plant succession was investigated on a well-vegetated glacier foreland on Ellesmere Island in high arctic Canada.\\u000a A field survey was carried out on four glacier moraines differing in time after deglaciation to assess vegetation development\\u000a and microsite modification in the chronosequence of succession. The results showed evidence of directional succession without\\u000a species replacement, which is atypical in the high

  15. Percutaneous diode laser disc nucleoplasty

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Menchetti, P. P.; Longo, Leonardo

    2004-09-01

    The treatment of herniated disc disease (HNP) over the years involved different miniinvasive surgical options. The classical microsurgical approach has been substituted over the years both by endoscopic approach in which is possible to practice via endoscopy a laser thermo-discoplasty, both by percutaneous laser disc nucleoplasty. In the last ten years, the percutaneous laser disc nucleoplasty have been done worldwide in more than 40000 cases of HNP. Because water is the major component of the intervertebral disc, and in HNP pain is caused by the disc protrusion pressing against the nerve root, a 980 nm Diode laser introduced via a 22G needle under X-ray guidance and local anesthesia, vaporizes a small amount of nucleous polposus with a disc shrinkage and a relief of pressure on nerve root. Most patients get off the table pain free and are back to work in 5 to 7 days. Material and method: to date, 130 patients (155 cases) suffering for relevant symptoms therapy-resistant 6 months on average before consulting our department, have been treated. Eightyfour (72%) males and 46 (28%) females had a percutaneous laser disc nucleoplasty. The average age of patients operated was 48 years (22 - 69). The level of disc removal was L3/L4 in 12 cases, L4/L5 in 87 cases and L5/S1 in 56 cases. Two different levels were treated at the same time in 25 patients. Results: the success rate at a minimum follow-up of 6 months was 88% with a complication rate of 0.5%.

  16. Percutaneous nephrostomy Balloon dialatation

    E-print Network

    2007-01-01

    Objective: We wanted to present the results of percutaneous management of ureteral injuries that were diagnosed late after cesarean sections (CS). Materials and Methods: Twenty-two cases with 24 ureteral injuries that were diagnosed late after CS underwent percutaneous nephrostomy (PN), antegrade double J (DJ) catheter placement and balloon dilatation or a combination of these. The time for making the diagnosis was 21 50.1 days. The injury site was the distal ureter in all cases (the left ureter: 13, the right ureter: 7 and bilateral: 2). Fifteen complete ureteral obstructions were detected in 13 cases. Ureteral leakage due to partial (n = 4) or complete (n = 3) rupture was noted in seven cases. Two cases had ureterovaginal fistula. All the cases were initially confirmed with antegrade pyelography and afterwards they underwent percutaneous nephrostomy. Balloon dilatation was needed in three cases. Antegrade DJ stents were placed in 10 cases, including the three cases with balloon dilatation. Repetititon of percutaneous nephrostomy with balloon dilatation and DJ stent placement was needed in one case with complete obstruction. All the cases were followed-up with US in their first week and then monthly thereafter for up to two years. Results: Eighteen ureters (75%) were managed by percutaneous procedures alone. A total of six ureter injuries had to undergo surgery (25%). Conclusion: Percutaneous management is a good alternative for the treatment of post-CS ureteral injuries that are diagnosed late after CS. Percutaneous management is at least preparatory for a quarter of the cases where surgery is unavoidable.

  17. A retrospective analysis on the diagnostic value of ultrasound-guided percutaneous biopsy for peritoneal lesions

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Routine examinations have a low specificity and a low positive rate for the diagnosis of peritoneal lesions. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value and safety of ultrasound-guided percutaneous peritoneal lesion biopsies in patients with ascites and/or abdominal distension with unclear causes. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed in 153 consecutive patients with ascites and/or abdominal distension with unclear causes. All of the patients showed abnormalities of the peritoneum or greater omentum after ultrasonography, and underwent ultrasound-guided percutaneous biopsies using a Bard auto-biopsy gun with 18- or 16-gauge biopsy needles. Results The success rate of the procedures was 100% (153/153) and the satisfaction rate of the tissue specimens in the biopsy was 91.5% (140/153). A specific histopathological diagnosis was made in 142 out of 153 patients, with an overall diagnostic accuracy of 92.8%. Among the diagnosed patients, 62 were peritoneal metastatic adenocarcinoma, 49 were peritoneal tuberculosis, 11 were peritoneal malignant mesothelioma, 8 were chronic peritoneal infections, 7 were pseudomyxoma peritonei, and 5 were primary peritoneal lymphoma. Only 11 patients did not get a pathologic diagnosis due to the lack of sufficient tissue specimen. No serious complications occurred. Conclusions Ultrasound-guided percutaneous biopsy could be a simple, safe and accurate diagnostic method in patients with ascites and/or abdominal distension with unclear causes. PMID:24088509

  18. [Clinical results of percutaneous pyeloplasty for ureteropelvic junction obstruction: 5 years follow-up].

    PubMed

    Nishio, S; Hamada, S; Nabeshima, S; Yokoyama, M; Takeuchi, M; Takeda, H

    1994-11-01

    We performed percutaneous endopyeloplasty on 20 patients between February, 1988 and July, 1993. Eighteen patients had primary and two had secondary ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstructions. There were 15 female and 5 male patients, whose ages ranged from 14 to 77, with an average of 43.6. The length of the follow-up after pyeloplasty ranged from 4 to 69 months with an average of 28.7 months. Among the 20 patients, there were 4 high insertion type cases, a bifid renal pelvis in one case and one case combined with a renal stone. Incisions were made with a hook-shaped cold knife and Ono's transpelvic extraureteral approach was used in most patients. Catheters were placed at the upper and the lower of renal pelvis in the patient with a bifid renal pelvis. In the case with a renal stone, pyeloplasty was successively performed after percutaneous nephrolithotomy in a single session. An endopyelotomy stent (14 Fr) was indwelled for 6 weeks in all patients except one. All patients had a low grade fever and abdominal pain for a few days after their operations, but there were no major complications. In nineteen patients (95%), the symptoms improved and their obstructive patterns disappeared or improved during follow-up. Complete ureteral stricture was found in one case at the removal of the stent and open pyeloplasty was performed. Percutaneous endopyeloplasty is a safe and useful technique, but further evaluation and/or better techniques are needed for avoiding recurrence of obstruction. PMID:7807771

  19. Minimally Invasive Management of Biliary Tract Injury Following Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

    PubMed Central

    Rahnemai-Azar, Ata A; Rahnemaiazar, Amir A; Naghshizadian, Rozhin; Cohen, Jacob H; Naghshizadian, Iman; Gilchrist, Brian F; Farkas, Daniel T

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is generally considered a safe option for the management of large complex or infectious upper urinary tract calculi. Biliary tract injury is a rare and potentially serious complication of percutaneous nephrolithotomy that can even lead to mortality, especially in cases where biliary peritonitis develops. All reported cases of biliary tract injury have been managed by either open or laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Case Presentation: Herein for the first time, we report a 39-year old woman with biliary tract injury following percutaneous nephrolithotomy who was managed less invasively by insertion of a percutaneous cholecystostomy tube. The patient was discharged home shortly thereafter, and the tube was later removed at a follow up visit after a normal cholangiogram. Conclusions: Biliary tract injury is a rare and potentially serious complication of percutaneous nephrolithotomy that can even lead to mortality. If a biliary tract injury is suspected during percutaneous renal procedures, diverting the bile away from the leak may resolve the problem without the need for a cholecystectomy. Ideally this can be done with ERCP and a stent, but in cases where this is not technically feasible; a percutaneous cholecystostomy can be successful at accomplishing the same result. PMID:25695033

  20. Total Percutaneous Aortic Repair: Midterm Outcomes

    SciTech Connect

    Bent, Clare L., E-mail: clare.bent@bartsandthelondon.nhs.uk; Fotiadis, Nikolas; Renfrew, Ian [Barts and The London NHS Trust, Department of Diagnostic Imaging (United Kingdom); Walsh, Michael; Brohi, Karim [Barts and The London NHS Trust, Department of Vascular Surgery and Trauma Surgery (United Kingdom); Kyriakides, Constantinos [Barts and The London NHS Trust, Department of Vascular Surgery and Queen Mary's School of Medicine and Dentistry (United Kingdom); Matson, Matthew, E-mail: Matthew.matson@bartsandthelondon.nhs.u [Barts and The London NHS Trust, Department of Diagnostic Imaging (United Kingdom)

    2009-05-15

    The purpose of this study was to examine the immediate and midterm outcomes of percutaneous endovascular repair of thoracic and abdominal aortic pathology. Between December 2003 and June 2005, 21 patients (mean age: 60.4 {+-} 17.1 years; 15 males, 6 females) underwent endovascular stent-graft insertion for thoracic (n = 13) or abdominal aortic (n = 8) pathology. Preprocedural computed tomographic angiography (CTA) was performed to assess the suitability of aorto-iliac and common femoral artery (CFA) anatomy, including the degree of CFA calcification, for total percutaneous aortic stent-graft repair. Percutaneous access was used for the introduction of 18- to 26-Fr delivery devices. A 'preclose' closure technique using two Perclose suture devices (Perclose A-T; Abbott Vascular) was used in all cases. Data were prospectively collected. Each CFA puncture site was assessed via clinical examination and CTA at 1, 6, and 12 months, followed by annual review thereafter. Minimum follow-up was 36 months. Outcome measures evaluated were rates of technical success, conversion to open surgical repair, complications, and late incidence of arterial stenosis at the site of Perclose suture deployment. A total of 58 Perclose devices were used to close 29 femoral arteriotomies. Outer diameters of stent-graft delivery devices used were 18 Fr (n = 5), 20 Fr (n = 3), 22 Fr (n = 4), 24 Fr (n = 15), and 26 Fr (n = 2). Percutaneous closure was successful in 96.6% (28/29) of arteriotomies. Conversion to surgical repair was required at one access site (3.4%). Mean follow-up was 50 {+-} 8 months. No late complications were observed. By CT criteria, no patient developed a >50% reduction in CFA caliber at the site of Perclose deployment during the study period. In conclusion, percutaneous aortic stent-graft insertion can be safely performed, with a low risk of both immediate and midterm access-related complications.

  1. [Robotic-enhanced percutaneous coronary revascularization].

    PubMed

    Weisz, Giora

    2014-12-01

    Percutaneous revascularization (PCI) has made significant technological progress in the last four decades. Despite advances in the safety and efficacy of the coronary revascularization, interventional cardiologists have to cope with occupational hazards including exposure to radiation, cataract, and orthopedic problems. Robotic systems that enable distant navigation were developed to address the risks and challenges that are associated with percutaneous revascularization. The PRECISE multi-center study with robotic-enhanced PCI demonstrated technical success of 98.7% and clinical success of 97.5%. The use of the robotic-enhanced PCI system reduced operator radiation exposure by 95%. Patient benefits include precise segment measurements, improved stability of the intracoronary devices, and reduction of contrast media volume. Robotic-enhanced PCI is a promising advancement in interventional cardiology. PMID:25654916

  2. Measuring team factors thought to influence the success of quality improvement in primary care: a systematic review of instruments

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Measuring team factors in evaluations of Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) may provide important information for enhancing CQI processes and outcomes; however, the large number of potentially relevant factors and associated measurement instruments makes inclusion of such measures challenging. This review aims to provide guidance on the selection of instruments for measuring team-level factors by systematically collating, categorizing, and reviewing quantitative self-report instruments. Methods Data sources: We searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Health and Psychosocial Instruments; reference lists of systematic reviews; and citations and references of the main report of instruments. Study selection: To determine the scope of the review, we developed and used a conceptual framework designed to capture factors relevant to evaluating CQI in primary care (the InQuIRe framework). We included papers reporting development or use of an instrument measuring factors relevant to teamwork. Data extracted included instrument purpose; theoretical basis, constructs measured and definitions; development methods and assessment of measurement properties. Analysis and synthesis: We used qualitative analysis of instrument content and our initial framework to develop a taxonomy for summarizing and comparing instruments. Instrument content was categorized using the taxonomy, illustrating coverage of the InQuIRe framework. Methods of development and evidence of measurement properties were reviewed for instruments with potential for use in primary care. Results We identified 192 potentially relevant instruments, 170 of which were analyzed to develop the taxonomy. Eighty-one instruments measured constructs relevant to CQI teams in primary care, with content covering teamwork context (45 instruments measured enabling conditions or attitudes to teamwork), team process (57 instruments measured teamwork behaviors), and team outcomes (59 instruments measured perceptions of the team or its effectiveness). Forty instruments were included for full review, many with a strong theoretical basis. Evidence supporting measurement properties was limited. Conclusions Existing instruments cover many of the factors hypothesized to contribute to QI success. With further testing, use of these instruments measuring team factors in evaluations could aid our understanding of the influence of teamwork on CQI outcomes. Greater consistency in the factors measured and choice of measurement instruments is required to enable synthesis of findings for informing policy and practice. PMID:23410500

  3. Advances in percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

    PubMed

    Antonelli, Jodi A; Pearle, Margaret S

    2013-02-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the most morbid of the minimally invasive surgeical procedures for stone removal. Over the last 2 decades, refinements in technique and new technology have improved the efficacy and the efficiency of the procedure. Although PCNL has long been the procedure of choice for large and complex stones, it is increasingly being used for moderate stone burdens because of its high stone-free rates and because of the limitations of shock wave lithotripsy and ureteroscopy. The article reviews advances in the technique and technology applied to percutaneous access, tract dilation, stone visualization, stone fragmentation, stone clearance, and postoperative management. PMID:23177638

  4. Microbial Succession during a Field Evaluation of Phenol and Toluene as the Primary Substrates for Trichloroethene Cometabolism

    PubMed Central

    Fries, M. R.; Hopkins, G. D.; Mccarty, P. L.; Forney, L. J.; Tiedje, J. M.

    1997-01-01

    Microbial community composition and succession were studied in an aquifer that was amended with phenol, toluene, and chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons to evaluate the effectiveness of these aromatic substrates for stimulating trichloroethene (TCE) bioremediation. Samples were taken after the previous year's field studies, which used phenol as the primary substrate, and after three successive monthly treatments of phenol plus 1,1-dichloroethene (1,1-DCE) plus TCE, phenol plus TCE, and toluene plus TCE. Dominant eubacteria in the community were assessed after each of the four treatments by characterizing isolates from the most dilute most-probable-number tubes and by extracting DNA from aquifer samples. The succession of dominant phenol- and toluene-degrading strains was evaluated by genomic fingerprinting, cellular fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) analysis, and amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis (ARDRA). 1,1-DCE was found to drastically reduce microbial growth and species richness, which corresponded to the reduction in bioremediation effectiveness noted previously for this treatment (G. D. Hopkins and P. L. McCarty, Environ. Sci. Technol. 29:1628-1637, 1995). Only a few gram-positive isolates could be obtained after treatment with 1,1-DCE, and these were not seen after any other treatments. Microbial densities returned to their original levels following the subsequent phenol-TCE treatment, but the original species richness was not restored until after the subsequent toluene-TCE treatment. Genomic fingerprinting and FAME analysis indicated that six of the seven originally dominant microbial groups were still dominant after the last treatment, indicating that the community is quite resilient to toxic disturbance by 1,1-DCE. FAME analysis indicated that six microbial taxa were dominant: three members of the (beta) subclass of the class Proteobacteria (Comamonas-Variovorax, Azoarcus, and Burkholderia) and three gram-positive groups (Bacillus, Nocardia, and an unidentified group). ARDRA revealed that the dominant community members were stable during the three nontoxic treatments and that virtually all of the bands could be accounted for by isolates from five of the dominant taxa, indicating that the isolation protocol used likely recovered most of the dominant members of this community. PMID:16535576

  5. Percutaneous needle decompression in treatment of malignant small bowel obstruction

    PubMed Central

    Jiang, Ting-Hui; Sun, Xian-Jun; Chen, Yue; Cheng, Hui-Qin; Fang, Shi-Ming; Jiang, Hao-Sheng; Cao, Yan; Liu, Bing-Yan; Wu, Shao-Qiu; Mao, Ai-Wu

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous needle decompression in the treatment of malignant small bowel obstruction (MSBO). METHODS: A prospective analysis of the clinical data of 52 MSBO patients undergoing percutaneous needle decompression was performed. RESULTS: Percutaneous needle decompression was successful in all 52 patients. Statistically significant differences were observed in symptoms such as vomiting, abdominal distension and abdominal pain before and after treatment (81.6% vs 26.5%, 100% vs 8.2%, and 85.7% vs 46.9%, respectively; all P < 0.05). The overall significantly improved rate was 19.2% (11/52) and the response rate was 94.2% (49/52) using decompression combined with nasal tube placement, local arterial infusion of chemotherapy and nutritional support. During the one-month follow-up period, puncture-related complications were acceptable. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous needle intestinal decompression is a safe and effective palliative treatment for MSBO. PMID:25741156

  6. Intra-Arterial Hepatic Chemotherapy: A Comparison of Percutaneous Versus Surgical Implantation of Port-Catheters

    SciTech Connect

    Deschamps, F., E-mail: frederic.deschamps@igr.fr [Gustave Roussy Institut, Department of Interventional Radiology (France); Elias, D., E-mail: elias@igr.fr; Goere, D., E-mail: goere@igr.fr [Gustave Roussy Institut, Department of Surgery (France); Malka, D., E-mail: malka@igr.fr; Ducreux, M., E-mail: ducreux@igr.fr; Boige, V., E-mail: boige@igr.fr [Gustave Roussy Institut, Department of Medical Oncology (France); Auperin, A., E-mail: auperin@igr.fr [Gustave Roussy Institut, Department of Statistics (France); Baere, T. de, E-mail: debaere@igr.fr [Gustave Roussy Institut, Department of Interventional Radiology (France)

    2011-10-15

    Purpose: To compare retrospectively the safety and efficacy of percutaneous and surgical implantations of port-catheters for intra-arterial hepatic chemotherapy (IAHC). Materials and Methods: Between January 2004 and December 2008, 126 consecutive patients (mean age 58 years) suffering from liver colorectal metastases were referred for intra-arterial hepatic chemotherapy (IAHC). Port-catheters were percutaneously implanted (P) through femoral access with the patient under conscious sedation when no other surgery was planned or were surgically implanted (S) when laparotomy was performed for another purpose. We report the implantation success rate, primary functionality, functionality after revision, and complications of IAHC. Results: The success rates of implantation were 97% (n = 65 of 67) for P and 98% (n = 58 of 59) for S. One hundred eleven patients received IAHC in our institution (n = 56P and n = 55S). Primary functionality was the same for P and S (4.80 vs. 4.82 courses), but functionality after revision was significantly higher for P (9.18 vs. 5.95 courses, p = 0.004) than for S. Forty-five complications occurred during 516 courses for P and 28 complications occurred during 331 courses for S. The rates of discontinuation of IAHC linked to complications of the port-catheters were 21% (n = 12 of 56) for P and 34% (n = 19 of 55) for S. Conclusion: Overall, significantly better functionality and similar complication rates occurred after P versus S port-catheters.

  7. [A case of primary mediastinal (Thymic) B-cell lymphoma successfully treated with the DA-EPOCH-R Regimen].

    PubMed

    Higashide, Yukiko; Hayashi, Toshiaki; Hirayama, Daisuke; Wagatsuma, Kohei; Aoki, Yuka; Maruyama, Yumiko; Ikeda, Hiroshi; Ishida, Tadao; Shinomura, Yasuhisa

    2015-01-01

    Primary mediastinal (thymic) B-cell lymphoma (PMBL) is resistant to treatment when compared with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Moreover, the optimal first -line treatment of PMBL has not yet been determined. Herein, we report a case of PMBL that was successfully treated with the dose adjusted (DA) etoposide, prednisolone, vincristine, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide with rituximab (EPOCH-R) regimen. A-29-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with an anterior mediastinal tumor. Eight months before admission, she had visited a clinic for pain in the chest and back, but no abnormalities were found. Subsequently, her chest pain got worse, and she went to another clinic, where she was detected with an anterior mediastinal tumor and was referred to our hospital. Tumor biopsy with a thoracoscope was performed, and a diagnosis of PMBL was made. The tumor diameter was 90 mm, with invasion to the lungs and superior vena cava. The tumor had a clinical stage of IEA, and the International Prognostic Index (IPI) was low risk. She was treated with the DA-EPOCH-R regimen for 8 courses, and a complete response was achieved. A recent retrospective study of DA-EPOCH-R treatment without radiotherapy for PMBL was recently published. It showed that the event-free survival rate was 93% and the overall survival rate was 97% during a median 5-year follow-up. Thus, DA-EPOCH-R may be a potential standard treatment for PMBL. PMID:25596693

  8. Isolated Spontaneous Dissection of the Common Iliac Artery: Percutaneous Stent Placement in Two Patients

    SciTech Connect

    Kwak, Hyo-Sung; Han, Young-Min, E-mail: ymhan@chonbuk.ac.kr; Chung, Gyung-Ho [Chonbuk National University Medical School, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Korea, Republic of); Yu, Hee Chul; Jeong, Yeon-Jun [Chonbuk National University Medical School, Department of Surgery (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-10-15

    Isolated spontaneous dissection of the common iliac artery (CIA) is a rare entity. Two patients with this condition were successfully treated by percutaneous stent placement. We emphasize the feasibility of nonsurgical management by percutaneous stent placement for isolated spontaneous dissection of the CIA.

  9. Vacuum-assisted inferior vena cava thrombus removal using a percutaneous technique.

    PubMed

    Wilner, Bryan R; Carrillo, Roger G

    2015-03-01

    We report a patient with a massive inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombus requiring immediate intervention. The patient underwent successful thrombectomy using a percutaneous catheter aspiration system. Percutaneous removal of an IVC thrombus is a safe and effective treatment option for severely ill patients. doi: 10.1111/jocs.12366 (J Card Surg 2015;30:265-267). PMID:24862173

  10. Percutaneous cecostomy in the management of organic fecal incontinence in children

    PubMed Central

    Donkol, Ragab Hani; Al-Nammi, Ahmed

    2010-01-01

    AIM: To assess the effectiveness and safety of imaging-guided percutaneous cecostomy in the management of pediatric patients with organic fecal incontinence. METHODS: Twenty three cecostomies were performed on 21 children with organic fecal incontinence (13 males, 8 females), aged from 5 to 16 years (mean 9.5 years). Thirteen patients had neurogenic fecal incontinence and 8 patients had anorectal anomalies. Procedures were performed under general anesthesia and fluoroscopic guidance. Effectiveness and complication data were obtained for at least 1 year after the procedure. RESULTS: Cecostomy was successful in 20 patients (primary technical success rate 95%). Cecostomy failed in one patient due to tube breakage (secondary technical success rate 100%). The tubes were in situ for an average of 18 mo (range 12-23 mo). Eighteen patients (87%) expressed satisfaction with the procedures. Resolution of soiling was achieved in all patients with neurogenic fecal incontinence (100%) and in 5 of 8 patients with anorectal anomalies (62.5%). Eleven patients (52%) experienced minor problems. No major complications were noted. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous cecostomy improves the quality of life in children with organic fecal incontinence. A satisfactory outcome is more prevalent in patients with neurogenic fecal incontinence than anorectal anomalies. PMID:21225001

  11. Successful transcloacal ureteral stent removal.

    PubMed

    Ficko, Zita; Herrick, Benjamin W; Herz, Daniel B; Pais, Vernon M

    2012-12-01

    We report a percutaneous transcloacal approach for removal of a ureteral stent in a 15-year-old girl with a cloacal anomaly, spinal dysraphism, and complex pelvic anatomy, including a bicornuate uterus, reconstructed hindgut neobladder, and duplicated left pelvic kidney. The patient had undergone 3 previous unsuccessful attempts at stent removal, 2 endoscopic attempts by way of her neobladder, and 1 percutaneous transcloacal attempt before successful removal. PMID:23206786

  12. Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and soil developmental stages on herbaceous plants growing in the early stage of primary succession on Mount Fuji

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Masaaki Fujiyoshi; Atsushi Kagawa; Takayuki Nakatsubo; Takehiro Masuzawa

    2006-01-01

    A pot culture experiment was conducted to examine the effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and soil developmental stages on the growth and nutrient absorption of pioneer plants growing in the early stage of primary succession on Mt. Fuji. Four herbaceous plants, Polygonum cuspidatum (Polygonaceae), Miscanthus oligostachyus (Gramineae), Aster ageratoides var. ovatus (Compositae), and Hedysarum vicioides (Leguminosae), were grown from

  13. The Identification, Development, Succession and Retention of Leadership Talent in Contextually Different Primary Schools: A Case Study Located within the English West Midlands

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhodes, Christopher; Brundrett, Mark

    2006-01-01

    This article explores head teacher and middle leader perceptions of leadership talent identification, development, succession and retention in 12 contextually different urban primary schools. The schools are located within a single local education authority in the English West Midlands. The study is constructed to inform the research agenda in the…

  14. The Effect of Learning Geometry Topics of 7th Grade in Primary Education with Dynamic Geometer's Sketchpad Geometry Software to Success and Retention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kesan, Cenk; Caliskan, Sevdane

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of learning geometry topics of 7th grade in primary education with dynamic geometer's sketchpad geometry software to student's success and retention. The experimental research design with The Posttest-Only Control Group was used in this study. In the experimental group, dynamic geometer's…

  15. Effect of Family Supported Pre-Reading Training Program Given to Children in Preschool Education Period on Reading Success in Primary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buyuktaskapu, Sema

    2012-01-01

    In this study, the effect of Family Supported Pre-Reading Program developed for 6 year olds attending nursery school on children's reading success in the future was examined. In order to fulfill this aim, reading skills of 25 primary school first-grade pupils who participated Family Supported Pre-Reading Program were compared with another 25…

  16. Percutaneous intracardiac surgery with cardioscopic guidance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakamura, Fumitaka; Miwa, Atsuko; Uchida, Yasumi; Yamada, Koichiro; Tomaru, Takanobu; Sugimoto, Tsuneaki

    1992-08-01

    The feasibility of a novel catheter system of percutaneous transluminal cardiomyotomy and valvulotomy was examined in anesthetized dogs. The system was composed of a guiding balloon catheter, a cardioscope, and a pair of scissors with or without guide wire at the distal tip. The system without guide wire was introduced into the left ventricle, the balloon was inflated and was pushed against the endocardial surface. After confirmation by cardioscopy, the targeted tissues were incised by the scissors. By these maneuvers, the trabeculae, papillary muscles, and chordae were incised or transected in 7, 6, and 6 of 7 dogs, respectively. The system without guide wire was advanced to the aortic root, the guide wire was introduced into the left ventricle to prevent dislocation of the catheter system, the balloon was manipulated against the aortic cusp and the cusp was successfully incised with cardioscopic guidance in all five dogs. The results indicate that percutaneous transluminal cardiomyotomy and valvulotomy can be performed with cardioscopic guidance.

  17. Influences of electrocardiographic ischaemia grades and symptom duration on outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction treated with thrombolysis versus primary percutaneous coronary intervention: results from the DANAMI?2 trial

    PubMed Central

    Sejersten, M; Birnbaum, Y; Ripa, R S; Maynard, C; Wagner, G S; Clemmensen, P

    2006-01-01

    Objective To determine whether ischaemia grade (GI) on the presenting ECG and duration of symptoms can identify subgroups of patients who would derive more benefit than the general population of patients with ST segment elevation acute myocardium infarction (STEMI) from primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) over thrombolytic treatment (TT) in reducing mortality or reinfarction. Methods 1319 DANAMI?2 (Danish trial in Acute Myocardial Infarction?2) patients were classified as having grade 2 ischaemia (GI2; ST segment elevation without terminal QRS distortion) or grade 3 ischaemia (GI3; ST segment elevation with terminal QRS distortion in ??2 adjacent leads), and were divided into early and late groups split by the median time (3?h) from symptom onset to treatment. Outcomes were 30?day mortality and reinfarction. Results Mortality was significantly higher for GI3 than for GI2 (9.7% v 4.8%, p?

  18. Percutaneous nephrostomy — Technique

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. M. Saxton

    1981-01-01

    Percutaneous nephrostomy is increasingly used for temporary relief of upper urinary tract obstruction. The technique described\\u000a involves the use of angiographic catheters and guides, and will provide drainage for several weeks or months. The patient\\u000a is placed in the prone oblique position after intravenous contrast to opacify the kidneys. The oblique position ensures that\\u000a a needle advanced vertically toward the

  19. Percutaneous nephrostomy in pyonephrosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Camúñez; A. Echenagusia; M. L. Prieto; P. Salom; F. Herranz; C. Hernández

    1989-01-01

    A series of 76 pyonephrotic kidneys in 73 patients were drained by percutaneous nephrostomy (PN) tube and examined to evaluate\\u000a the contribution of this technique to the treatment of pyonephrosis. In 71 patients, clinical symptoms disappeared 24–48 h\\u000a after the procedure. Two patients died from sepsis subsequent to anuria and underlying malignancy.\\u000a \\u000a Once the acute phase had remitted, interventional procedures

  20. Percutaneous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Graft Dysfunction after Heart Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Lim, Jae Hong; Hwang, Ho Young; Yeom, Sang Yoon; Cho, Hyun-Jai; Lee, Hae-Young

    2014-01-01

    Background We evaluated the safety and efficacy of percutaneous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in patients with primary graft dysfunction after heart transplantation. Methods Of 65 patients (44 males and 21 females) who underwent heart transplantation from January 2006 to December 2012, 13 patients (group I) needed peripheral ECMO support due to difficulty in weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and 52 patients (group II) were weaned from CPB without mechanical support. The mean age of the patients at the time of operation was 54.4±13.6 years. There were no differences in the preoperative characteristics of the two groups. Multivariable analysis was performed to identify the risk factors for ECMO therapy. Results All group I patients were successfully weaned from ECMO after 53±9 hours of circulatory support. Early mortality occurred in four patients (1 [7.7%] in group I and 3 [5.8%] in group II, p>0.999). There were no differences in the postoperative complications between the two groups, with the exception of reoperation for bleeding. A greater number of group I patients underwent reoperation for bleeding (5 [38.5%] in group I vs. 6 [11.5%] in group II, p=0.035). In multivariable analysis, preoperative mechanical support (ECMO and intra-aortic balloon pump) and longer CPB time were the risk factors of ECMO therapy for graft dysfunction (odds ratio, 6.377; 95% confidence interval, 1.519 to 26.77; p=0.011 and odds ratio, 1.010; 95% confidence interval, 1.001 to 1.019; p=0.033). Conclusion Percutaneous ECMO support could be a viable option for rescuing patients when graft dysfunction refractory to medical management develops after heart transplantation. PMID:24782957

  1. Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment of Hepatic Artery Stenosis in Adult and Pediatric Patients After Liver Transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Maruzzelli, Luigi; Miraglia, Roberto, E-mail: rmiraglia@ismett.edu; Caruso, Settimo; Milazzo, Mariapina; Mamone, Giuseppe [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies, (ISMETT), Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Gruttadauria, Salvatore; Spada, Marco [University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (United States); Luca, Angelo [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies, (ISMETT), Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Gridelli, Bruno [University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (United States)

    2010-12-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous endovascular techniques for the treatment of hepatic artery stenosis (HAS) occurring after liver transplantation (LT) in adult and pediatrics patients. From February 2003 to March 2009, 25 patients (15 adults and 10 children) whose developed HAS after LT were referred to our interventional radiology unit. Technical success was achieved in 96% (24 of 25) of patients. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) was performed in 13 patients (7 children), and stenting was performed in 11 patients (2 children). After the procedure, all patients were followed-up with liver function tests, Doppler ultrasound, and/or computed tomography. Mean follow-up was 15.8 months (range 5 days to 58 months). Acute hepatic artery thrombosis occurred immediately after stent deployment in 2 patients and was successfully treated with local thrombolysis. One patient developed severe HA spasm, which reverted after 24 h. After the procedure, mean trans-stenotic pressure gradient decreased from 30.5 to 6.2 mmHg. Kaplan-Meyer curve of HA primary patency was 77% at 1 and 2 years. During the follow-up period, 5 patients (20%) had recurrent stenosis, and 2 patients (8.3%) had late thrombosis. Two of 7 patients with stenosis/thrombosis underwent surgical revascularization (n = 1) and liver retransplantation (n = 1). Six (25%) patients died during follow-up, but overall mortality was not significantly different when comparing patients having patent hepatic arteries with those having recurrent stenosis/thrombosis. There were no significant differences in recurrent stenosis/thrombosis and mortality comparing patients treated by PTA versus stenting and comparing adult versus pediatric status. Percutaneous interventional treatment of HAS in LT recipients is safe and effective and decreases the need for surgical revascularization and liver retransplantation. However, the beneficial effects for survival are not clear, probably because the clinical complexity of many of these cases.

  2. Percutaneous nephrostomy for symptomatic hypermobile kidney: a single centre experience

    PubMed Central

    Starownik, Rados?aw; Bar, Krzysztof; Muc, Kamil; P?aza, Pawe?; Chlosta, Piotr

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Symptomatic hypermobile kidney is treated with nephropexy, a surgical procedure through which the floating kidney is fixed to the retroperitoneum. Although both open and endoscopic procedures have a high success rate, they can be associated with risk of complications, relatively long hospital stay and high cost. Aim We describe our percutaneous technique for fixing a hypermobile kidney and evaluate the efficacy of the percutaneous nephrostomy insertion in management of symptomatic nephroptosis. Material and methods Between January 2005 and December 2011, 11 patients diagnosed with a symptomatic right nephroptosis of at least 1 year duration were treated with a single point percutaneous nephrostomy technique. All data were retrieved from patients’ medical records and then retrospectively analysed. Results Nephropexy through a single point percutaneous nephrostomy technique was successfully accomplished in 11 women. The mean operative time was 20 min. The intraoperative estimated blood loss was minimal in all cases. No major or minor intraoperative complications were noted. The average postoperative hospital stay was 2 days. Women returned to their usual activities 14 days following the surgery. Nine women had complete resolution of their pain, and 2 patients continued to complain of discomfort in their lumbar area. One patient was re-operated upon with satisfactory subjective and objective outcomes achieved. One patient refused re-operation. Conclusions Percutaneous nephropexy is simple, inexpensive and effective for treatment of symptomatic hypermobile kidney. It remains a valuable alternative to open, laparoscopic, and robotic methods for fixing a floating kidney. PMID:25561985

  3. Transvenous Sonographically Guided Percutaneous Access for Treatment of an Indirect Carotid Cavernous Fistula

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Turgut Berkmen; Neil A. Troffkin; Ajay K. Wakhloo

    Summary: When standard transarterial or transvenous interventional techniques failed to provide access to treat an indirect carotid cavernous fistula, we used sonographi- cally guided direct percutaneous access through the facial vein to successfully embolize a lesion.

  4. Percutaneous Pediculoplasty for Vertebral Hemangioma Involving the Neural Arch: A Case Report

    SciTech Connect

    Fuwa, Sokun, E-mail: sofuwa@luke.or.jp; Numaguchi, Yuji; Kobayashi, Nobuo; Saida, Yukihisa [St. Luke's International Hospital, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Japan)

    2008-01-15

    Vertebral hemangiomas occasionally involve the neural arch and they can be symptomatic. We report a case of symptomatic vertebral hemangioma mainly involving the unilateral neural arch which was successfully treated with percutaneous pediculoplasty using a single-needle technique.

  5. Simulations of percutaneous RF ablation systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ryan, Thomas P.; Kwok, Jonathan; Beetel, Robert J.

    2003-06-01

    Breast and liver cancers provide an ongoing challenge in regard to treatment efficacy and successful clinical outcomes. A variety of percutaneous technology has been applied for thermal treatment of the liver and breast, including laser, microwave, cryogenic and radiofrequency (RF) devices. When simplicity and cost are factored in, RF hardware and applicators offer the most cost-effective treatment pathway by interventional radiologists and surgeons. To model percutaneous RF treatments in liver and breast, simulations were done in 3D with a finite element model. Three RF systems were modeled, including 1) single needle; 2) clustered needle, cooled and uncooled; and 3) deployable, hook electrodes. The results show the limitations of the systems in percutaneous procedures, depending on temperature limits, duration of treatment, and whether the devices are cooled or uncooled. For thermal treatment, the isotherm of 55°C was considered the margin of coagulation necrosis. The 3-D volumes of 55°C and 65°C isotherm shells aid in the selection of the best method to improve clinical outcomes, while paying attention to the size and shape of the applicator and duration of treatment.

  6. Percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty in patients with solitary kidney

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Federico Maspes; Stefano Profili; Luciano Lupattelli; Francesco Barzi; Ettore Squillaci; Luca Innocenzi; Giovanni Simonetti

    1994-01-01

    We report our experience with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of renal arteries (PTRA) in solitary kidney patients. Our series includes 31 patients (mean age: 52 years). 7 with solitary kidney following surgical nephrectomy and 24 with functioning solitary kidney. PTR indicated in presence of stenoses ranging from 60–95 % of vessel lumen. Procedure, with 29 patients were technically successful and mean

  7. Ultrasonography guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation for hepatic cavernous hemangioma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yan Cui; Li-Yan Zhou; Man-Ku Dong; Ping Wang; Min Ji; Xiao-Ou Li; Chang-Wei Chen; Zi-Pei Liu; Yong-Jie Xu; Hong-Wen Zhang

    2003-01-01

    AIM: Hepatic cavernous hemangioma (HCH) is the most common benign tumor of the liver and its management is still controversial. Recent success in situ radiofrequency ablation of hepatic malignancies has led us to consider using this technique in patients with HCH. This study was to assess the efficacy, safety, and complications of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (PRFA) under ultrasonography guidance in

  8. Normalization of coronary flow reserve by percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Zijlstra; J. H. C. Reiber; Y. Juilliere; P. W. J. C. Serruys

    1988-01-01

    Fifteen patients undergoing routine follow-up angiography 5 months after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) without angina and with normal exercise thallium scintigraphy were selected for analysis. The coronary flow reserves of these patients were compared with those of 24 patients with angiographically normal coronary arteries to establish whether PTCA can restore to normal the coronary flow reserve of patients

  9. Spatially structured herbivory and primary succession at Mount St Helens: field surveys and experimental growth studies suggest a role for nutrients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    WILLIAM F. F AGAN; J OHN

    2004-01-01

    The 1980 eruption ofMount St Helens (Washington, U.S.A.) created a 60-km2 region ofprimary successional habitat. Since colonising in 1981, the spatial spread ofthe legume Lupinus lepidus at Mount St Helens, Washington, U.S.A., has afforded intriguing opportunities to study the effect of trophic dynamics on primary succession. 2. Insect herbivory on this lupine has exhibited striking spatial structure for over a

  10. Percutaneous endoscopic cecostomy: A case series

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jack I Ramage; Todd H Baron

    2003-01-01

    Background: There are few reports of percutaneous endoscopic cecostomy in adult patients. Methods: All cases of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (n = 2) and neurogenic bowel (n = 3) in adults in which percutaneous endoscopic cecostomy was performed were reviewed retrospectively. Observations: Percutaneous endoscopic cecostomy was a definitive treatment. In 1 of the 2 patients with acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, the percutaneous

  11. Barriers to the successful practice of chronic kidney diseases at the primary health care level; a systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Junaid Nazar, Chaudhary Muhammad; Kindratt, Tiffany Billmeier; Ahmad, Syed Muhammad Ahtizaz; Ahmed, Manzoor; Anderson, John

    2014-01-01

    Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD), a major global public health problem, has been recognized as one of the eleven important causes of death. This review explores a wide range of barriers related to patients and health systems involved in controlling the prevalence of CKD at the primary health care level. Patients and Method: Electronic databases including PubMed/Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL), Entrez, British Medical Journal (BMJ), EBSCO host, Cochrane and Google scholar were searched for the data published from 2000 to 2010 using MeSH terms such as ‘chronic kidney diseases’, ‘renal transplantation’, ‘complications’, ‘health care services’, ‘acute renal failure’. After screening 587 abstracts, a total of 10 studies were selected for systematic review. Developed countries such as the United Kingdom, the USA and other European countries were reviewed in order to identify the barriers associated with CKD practice at the primary health care level. The reasons for the failure of services at the primary health care level were categorized. A pre-defined protocol was used for data extraction and content appraisal. Results: At the primary health care level, the major barriers associated with CKD include the late referral of patients to nephrologists, old age, presence of several co-morbidities, lack of education and awareness among ethnic minorities, difficulty in communication between primary health care professionals, and the shortage of multi-disciplinary care team at dialysis centers. Additionally, factors such as drug-drug interaction during treatment, lack of anemia-management during dialysis, hypertension, and depression in CKD patients also act as important barriers in CKD care at the primary health care level. Conclusion: The knowledge and awareness about CKD management is lacking. Therefore, educational intervention is essential for patients as well medical personnel. Also, a multidisciplinary care team is essential for the complex management of CKD due to associated co-morbidities. PMID:25340171

  12. Atlantoaxial Joint Synovial Cyst: Diagnosis and Percutaneous Treatment

    SciTech Connect

    Velan, Osvaldo, E-mail: osvaldo.velan@hospitalitaliano.org.a [Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Department of Radiology (Argentina); Rabadan, Alejandra, E-mail: alejandra.rabadan@hospitalitaliano.org.a [Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Department of Neurosurgery (Argentina); Paganini, Lisandro, E-mail: lisandro.paganini@hospitalitaliano.org.a [Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Department of Radiology (Argentina); Langhi, Luciano, E-mail: luciano.langhi@hospitalitaliano.org.a [Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Department of Neurosurgery (Argentina)

    2008-11-15

    Synovial cysts at the atlantoaxial level are found uncommonly. Lumbar symptomatic cases are treated by percutaneous cyst aspiration with or without corticoid injection or by surgical resection, but synovial cysts at the C1-C2 level are usually treated by surgery. We report here a 92-year-old woman with a retro-odontoid synovial cyst producing spinal cord compression that was treated by percutaneous aspiration of the cyst under CT guidance. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an atlantoaxial synovial cyst successfully treated with a minimally invasive procedure.

  13. Percutaneous closure of tricuspid paravalvular leak.

    PubMed

    Turner, Mariel E; Lai, Wyman W; Vincent, Julie A

    2013-10-01

    While transcatheter closure of mitral and aortic paravalvular leaks has been well-described, there are no prior reports of such procedures for prosthetic tricuspid valves. We describe our experience with percutaneous closure of a tricuspid paravalvular leak in a 34-year-old patient with a history of tricuspid atresia. He had previously undergone repair with placement of a right atrium-to-right ventricle conduit and most recently, placement of a bio-prosthetic tricuspid valve. He subsequently developed significant tricuspid paravalvular leak with symptoms of severe right heart failure. His clinical status was improved following successful transcatheter closure of the defect. PMID:23554068

  14. Investigating Fresh Water--Some Ideas That Have Been Used Successfully in Primary Schools in the ACT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shoring, Nola

    2003-01-01

    Outlines some strategies used in primary schools in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) to teach science. Teachers wanting to investigate freshwater conducted experiments and drew concepts for reuse, recycling, and conservation. Presents two case studies using these activities to show how this theme can be used to introduce and consolidate a…

  15. -Early primary succession on Mount St. Helens -107 Journal of Vegetation Science 6: 107-120, 1995

    E-print Network

    del Moral, Roger

    and created many new habitats. The Pumice Plain, a 20 km2 area on the north side of the volcano, bore to varied depths. Primary successional processes and recovery patterns on the Pumice Plain were described). This study describes vegetation on the Pumice Plain 13 yr after the eruption. Most sites are colonized

  16. Bright and Beautiful: High Achieving Girls, Ambivalent Femininities, and the Feminization of Success in the Primary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renold, Emma; Allan, Alexandra

    2006-01-01

    This paper refocuses attention on and problematizes girls' experiences of school achievement and the construction of schoolgirl femininities. In particular, it centres on the relatively neglected experiences and identity work of high achieving primary school girls. Drawing upon ethnographic data (observations, interviews, and pupil diaries) from a…

  17. Percutaneous drainage of postoperative abdominal and pelvic lymphoceles.

    PubMed

    White, M; Mueller, P R; Ferrucci, J T; Butch, R J; Simeone, J F; Neff, C C; Yoder, I; Papanicolaou, N; Pfister, R C

    1985-11-01

    Eleven patients with postoperative abdominal and pelvic lymphoceles underwent percutaneous diagnostic and therapeutic intervention with either needle aspiration or catheter drainage. Although initial sonographic or CT examinations accurately identified these collections, definitive diagnosis required fluid sampling and laboratory analysis for confirmation. Seven pelvic and two retroperitoneal lymphoceles demonstrated a gross appearance and composition different from two lymphatic collections in the upper peritoneum. Nine patients underwent catheter drainage; two were managed by needle aspiration alone. Duration of catheter drainage was 4-120 days, substantially longer than is customary for standard fluid collections. Nine of 11 patients were cured by percutaneous aspiration or drainage alone. Bacterial colonization developed in three persistently draining lymphoceles. However, no clinical sepsis or bacteremia occurred. In another patient with persistent high-volume lymphatic output, sclerotherapy with tetracycline instillation was successful in rapidly closing the lymphatic fistula. Percutaneous drainage is a safe, effective procedure for drainage of postoperative lymphoceles. PMID:3901705

  18. Perivascular Inflammatory Reaction After Percutaneous Placement of Covered Stents

    SciTech Connect

    Link, Johann; Mueller-Huelsbeck, Stefan; Brossmann, Joachim; Steffens, Johann C.; Heller, Martin [Department of Radiology, Christian Albrechts University, Arnold Heller Strasse 9, D-24105 Kiel (Germany)

    1996-09-15

    A 52-year-old woman with an extensive superficial femoral artery occlusion was treated with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. Because of extensive dissections, two covered stents were placed percutaneously. The intervention was successful with respect to vessel patency, but local pain and fever developed 5 hr after the intervention. Swelling of the thigh occurred, but deep venous thrombosis was excluded. MRI revealed pronounced soft-tissue edema in the adductor canal that persisted for 4 weeks. The fever responded to antiinflammatory medication, but the pain remained for 4 weeks. The vessel was patent at the last follow-up, 8 weeks after graft placement. Soft-tissue edema after percutaneous placement of covered stents has been reported previously. The cause of the inflammatory reaction is unclear.

  19. Percutaneous approaches to valve repair for mitral regurgitation.

    PubMed

    Feldman, Ted; Young, Amelia

    2014-05-27

    Percutaneous therapy has emerged as an option for treatment of mitral regurgitation for selected, predominantly high-risk patients. Most of the percutaneous approaches are modifications of existing surgical approaches. Catheter-based devices mimic these surgical approaches with less procedural risk, due to their less-invasive nature. Percutaneous annuloplasty can be achieved indirectly via the coronary sinus or directly from retrograde left ventricular access. Catheter-based leaflet repair with the MitraClip (Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, Illinois) is accomplished with an implantable clip to mimic the surgical edge-to-edge leaflet repair technique. A large experience with MitraClip has been reported, and several other percutaneous approaches have been successfully used in smaller numbers of patients to demonstrate proof of concept, whereas others have failed and are no longer under development. There is increasing experience in both trials and practice to begin to define the clinical utility of percutaneous leaflet repair, and annuloplasty approaches are undergoing significant development. Transcatheter mitral valve replacement is still in early development. PMID:24583296

  20. -Limits to convergence of vegetation during early primary succession -479 Journal of Vegetation Science 18: 479-488, 2007

    E-print Network

    del Moral, Roger

    increased with time at rates that decreased with increasing elevation. The establish- ment of Lupinus lepidus accelerated the rate of succession and may control its trajectory. Diversity (H') at first,apparentlybecause Lupinus was not an early colonist.Any vegetation convergence has been limited to plots that are in close

  1. Primary succession trajectories on a barren plain, Mount St. Helens, Roger del Moral, Jason M. Saura & Jennifer N. Emenegger

    E-print Network

    del Moral, Roger

    contiguous per- manent plots annually (1988­2008), and classified each plot from every year into ten location. We used detrended correspondence analy- sis (DCA) to assess successional rates and trends to develop. Keywords: Community assembly; Convergence; Di- vergence; Permanent plots; Rate of succession

  2. Complications in percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

    PubMed

    Kyriazis, Iason; Panagopoulos, Vasilios; Kallidonis, Panagiotis; Ozsoy, Mehmet; Vasilas, Marinos; Liatsikos, Evangelos

    2014-09-14

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is generally considered a safe technique offering the highest stone-free rates after the first treatment as compared to the other minimal invasive lithotripsy techniques. Still, serious complications although rare should be expected following this percutaneous procedure. In this work, the most common and important complications associated with PCNL are being reviewed focusing on the perioperative risk factors, current management, and preventing measures that need to be taken to reduce their incidence. In addition, complication reporting is being criticized given the absence of a universal consensus on PCNL complications description. Complications such as perioperative bleeding, urine leak from nephrocutaneous fistula, pelvicalyceal system injury, and pain are individually graded as complications by various authors and are responsible for a significant variation in the reported overall PCNL complication rate, rendering comparison of morbidity between studies almost impossible. Due to the latter, a universally accepted grading system specialized for the assessment of PCNL-related complications and standardized for each variation of PCNL technique is deemed necessary. PMID:25218854

  3. Percutaneous Cystgastrostomy as a Single-Step Procedure

    SciTech Connect

    Curry, L., E-mail: lara.curry@bartsandthelondon.nhs.uk; Sookur, P.; Low, D.; Bhattacharya, S.; Fotheringham, T. [Royal London Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

    2009-03-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the success of percutaneous transgastric cystgastrostomy as a single-step procedure. We performed a retrospective analysis of single-step percutaneous transgastric cystgastrostomy carried out in 12 patients (8 male, 4 female; mean age 44 years; range 21-70 years), between 2002 and 2007, with large symptomatic pancreatic pseudocysts for whom up to 1-year follow-up data (mean 10 months) were available. All pseudocysts were drained by single-step percutaneous cystgastrostomy with the placement of either one or two stents. The procedure was completed successfully in all 12 patients. The pseudocysts showed complete resolution on further imaging in 7 of 12 patients with either enteric passage of the stent or stent removal by endoscopy. In 2 of 12 patients, the pseudocysts showed complete resolution on imaging, with the stents still noted in situ. In 2 of 12 patients, the pseudocysts became infected after 1 month and required surgical intervention. In 1 of 12 patients, the pseudocyst showed partial resolution on imaging, but subsequently reaccumulated and later required external drainage. In our experience, percutaneous cystgastrostomy as a single-step procedure has a high success rate and good short-term outcomes over 1-year follow-up and should be considered in the treatment of large symptomatic cysts.

  4. Percutaneous transfemoral closure of a pseudoaneurysm at the left ventricular apical access site for transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

    PubMed

    Karimi, Ashkan; Beaver, Thomas M; Fudge, James C

    2015-02-01

    This case report illustrates a left ventricular pseudoaneurysm that developed at the transapical access site for transcatheter aortic valve implantation and was successfully excluded percutaneously through a femoral approach using an Amplatzer muscular VSD occluder (St. Jude Medical). We also discuss various currently available devices and technical pearls for percutaneous closure of left ventricular pseudoaneurysms. PMID:25661768

  5. Septic necrosis of the midline wound in postoperative peritonitis. Successful management by debridement, myocutaneous advancement, and primary skin closure.

    PubMed Central

    Lévy, E; Palmer, D L; Frileux, P; Hannoun, L; Nordlinger, B; Tiret, E; Honiger, J; Parc, R

    1988-01-01

    Wound management following laparotomy for postoperative peritonitis and varying degrees of parietal necrosis remains a challenging and controversial problem. Because maintained peritoneal integrity and primary wound closure offer the best opportunity for survival, an original technique involving bilateral incisions to relax skin and rectus fascia is proposed. This technique permits medial myocutaneous advancement and primary tension-free skin closure of midline laparotomy incisions. Sixty-nine patients with severe postoperative peritonitis were treated according from 1980 through 1985. Nine of these patients died of advanced multiple organ failure soon after referral, and eight more died after prolonged treatment. Fourteen patients had one or more reoperations for complications. Only nine wound failures resulted, including five eviscerations and four wound infections followed by progressive dehiscence. The bilateral relaxing incisions healed secondarily without complication. Survivors developed midline wound hernia; ten of the 52 surviving patients have had these repaired. This method of primary closure is safe when performed in conjunction with rigorous surgical care of intraperitoneal infection and may enhance survival. We recommend the technique to surgeons who treat severe postoperative peritonitis and septic necrosis of midline laparotomy wounds. Images Fig. 1. Fig. 4. Fig. 7. Figs. 8A and B. Fig. 9. PMID:3281613

  6. A Survival Analysis of Patients with Malignant Biliary Strictures Treated by Percutaneous Metallic Stenting

    SciTech Connect

    Brountzos, Elias N., E-mail: ebrountz@cc.uoa.gr; Ptochis, Nikolaos; Panagiotou, Irene; Malagari, Katerina [Athens University School of Medicine, Attikon University Hospital, 2nd Department of Radiology (Greece); Tzavara, Chara [Athens University School of Medicine, Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology (Greece); Kelekis, Dimitrios [Athens University School of Medicine, Attikon University Hospital, 2nd Department of Radiology (Greece)

    2007-02-15

    Background. Percutaneous metal stenting is an accepted palliative treatment for malignant biliary obstruction. Nevertheless, factors predicting survival are not known. Methods. Seventy-six patients with inoperable malignant biliary obstruction were treated with percutaneous placement of metallic stents. Twenty patients had non-hilar lesions. Fifty-six patients had hilar lesions classified as Bismuth type I (n = 15 patients), type II (n = 26), type III (n = 12), or type IV (n = 3 patients). Technical and clinical success rates, complications, and long-term outcome were recorded. Clinical success rates, patency, and survival rates were compared in patients treated with complete (n = 41) versus partial (n = 35) liver parenchyma drainage. Survival was calculated and analyzed for potential predictors such as the tumor type, the extent of the disease, the level of obstruction, and the post-intervention bilirubin levels. Results. Stenting was technically successful in all patients (unilateral drainage in 70 patients, bilateral drainage in 6 patients) with an overall significant reduction of the post-intervention bilirubin levels (p < 0.001), resulting in a clinical success rate of 97.3%. Clinical success rates were similar in patients treated with whole-liver drainage versus partial liver drainage. Minor and major complications occurred in 8% and 15% of patients, respectively. Mean overall primary stent patency was 120 days, while the restenosis rate was 12%. Mean overall secondary stent patency was 242.2 days. Patency rates were similar in patients with complete versus partial liver drainage. Mean overall survival was 142.3 days. Survival was similar in the complete and partial drainage groups. The post-intervention serum bilirubin level was an independent predictor of survival (p < 0.001). A cut-off point in post-stenting bilirubin levels of 4 mg/dl dichotomized patients with good versus poor prognosis. Patient age and Bismuth IV lesions were also independent predictors of survival. Conclusions. Percutaneous metallic biliary stenting provides good palliation of malignant jaundice. Partial liver drainage achieved results as good as those after complete liver drainage. A serum bilirubin level of less than 4 mg/dl after stenting is the most important independent predictor of survival, while increasing age and Bismuth IV lesions represent dismal prognostic factors.

  7. Space Shuttle Program Primary Avionics Software System (PASS) Success Legacy - Major Accomplishments and Lessons Learned Detail Historical Timeline Analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Orr, James K.

    2010-01-01

    This presentation focuses on the Space Shuttle Primary Avionics Software System (PASS) and the people who developed and maintained this system. One theme is to provide quantitative data on software quality and reliability over a 30 year period. Consistent data relates to code break discrepancies. Requirements were supplied from external sources. Requirement inspections and measurements not implemented until later, beginning in 1985. Second theme is to focus on the people and organization of PASS. Many individuals have supported the PASS project over the entire period while transitioning from company to company and contract to contract. Major events and transitions have impacted morale (both positively and negatively) across the life of the project.

  8. Primary Self-Expandable Nitinol Stent Placement in Focal Lesions of Infrarenal Abdominal Aorta: Long Term Results

    SciTech Connect

    Lastovickova, Jarmila, E-mail: jala@medicon.cz; Peregrin, Jan H. [Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Czech Republic)

    2008-01-15

    Purpose. To evaluate the technical and clinical success, safety and long term results of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty/self-expandable nitinol stent placement of infrarenal abdominal aorta focal lesions. Materials and Methods. Eighteen patients underwent PTA of focal atherosclerotic occlusive disease of distal abdominal aorta. Two symptomatic occlusions and 16 stenoses in 10 male and 8 female patients (mean age 68.2 years) were treated with primary self-expandable nitinol stent placement. Results. Primary self-expandable nitinol stent placement was technically successful in all 18 procedures; clinical success was achieved in 100% of patients. No complications associated with the procedure occurred. During the 49.4 months of mean follow up (range 3-96, 4 months) all treated aortic segments remained patent. Conclusions. Endovascular treatment (primary self-expandable nitinol stent placement) of focal atherosclerotic lesions of distal abdominal aorta is a safe method with excellent primary technical and clinical success rates and favourable Long term results.

  9. Percutaneous coronary intervention with anomalous origin of right coronary artery: case reports and literature review.

    PubMed

    Hong, Li-Feng; Luo, Song-Hui; Li, Jian-Jun

    2013-06-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in an anomalous right coronary artery (RCA) can be technically difficult because selective cannulation of the vessel may not be easy. We thereby present two cases with unstable angina pectoris of anomalous originated RCA. The PCI were successfully performed in two patients with a special guiding wire manipulating skill which we called "gone with the flow" combined with balloon anchoring technology, providing excellent angiographic visualization and sound guide support for stent delivery throughout the procedure without severe cardiovascular adverse effects. Our primary data suggested that PCI for geriatric patients with an anomalous origin of RCA accompanied by severe atherosclerotic lesions might also be a safe, available, and feasible strategy. PMID:23888182

  10. Percutaneously inserted central catheter - infants

    MedlinePLUS

    PICC - infants; PQC - infants; Pic line - infants; Per-Q cath - infants ... A percutaneously inserted central catheter (PICC) is a long, very thin, soft plastic tube that is put into a small blood vessel. This article addresses PICCs in ...

  11. Percutaneous Pulmonary Valve Implantation

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Hyoung-Doo

    2012-01-01

    Pulmonary regurgitation (PR) is a frequent sequelae after repair of tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary atresia, truncus arteriosus, Rastelli and Ross operation. Due to patient growth and conduit degeneration, these conduits have to be changed frequently due to regurgitation or stenosis. However, morbidity is significant in these repeated operations. To prolong conduit longevity, bare-metal stenting in the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) obstruction has been performed. Stenting the RVOT can reduce the right ventricular pressure and symptomatic improvement, but it causes PR with detrimental effects on the right ventricle function and risks of arrhythmia. Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation has been shown to be a safe and effective treatment for patients with pulmonary valve insufficiency, or stenotic RVOTs. PMID:23170091

  12. Alternative Treatment for Bleeding Peristomal Varices: Percutaneous Parastomal Embolization

    SciTech Connect

    Pabon-Ramos, Waleska M., E-mail: waly.pr@duke.edu [Duke University Hospital, Department of Radiology (United States); Niemeyer, Matthew M. [Washington University Medical Center, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology (United States)] [Washington University Medical Center, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology (United States); Dasika, Narasimham L., E-mail: narasimh@med.umich.edu [University of Michigan Health System, Department of Radiology (United States)

    2013-10-15

    Purpose: To describe how peristomal varices can be successfully embolized via a percutaneous parastomal approach. Methods: The medical records of patients who underwent this procedure between December 1, 2000, and May 31, 2008, were retrospectively reviewed. Procedural details were recorded. Median fluoroscopy time and bleeding-free interval were calculated. Results: Seven patients underwent eight parastomal embolizations. The technical success rate was 88 % (one failure). All embolizations were performed with coils combined with a sclerosant, another embolizing agent, or both. Of the seven successful parastomal embolizations, there were three cases of recurrent bleeding; the median time to rebleeding was 45 days (range 26-313 days). The remaining four patients did not develop recurrent bleeding during the follow-up period; their median bleeding-free interval was 131 days (range 40-659 days). Conclusion: This case review demonstrated that percutaneous parastomal embolization is a feasible technique to treat bleeding peristomal varices.

  13. Percutaneous Management of Occlusive Arterial Disease Associated with Vasculitis: A Single Center Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Both, M.; Jahnke, T. [Department of Radiology, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Kiel(Germany); Reinhold-Keller, E. [Department of Rheumatology, University of Luebeck, Rheumaklinik Bad Bramstedt (Germany); Reuter, M.; Grimm, J.; Biederer, J.; Brossmann, J. [Department of Radiology, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Kiel (Germany); Gross, W.L. [Department of Rheumatology, University of Luebeck, Rheumaklinik Bad Bramstedt (Germany); Heller, M.; Mueller-Huelsbeck, S. [Department of Radiology, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Kiel (Germany)

    2003-02-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty for occlusive arterial disease associated with vasculitis. Eleven patients(10 women, 1 man; ages 35-82 years) with the diagnosis of vasculitis of the large vessels underwent interventional treatment during intraarterial angiography. The causes included giant cell arteritis(n = 8) and Takayasu arteritis (n = 3).Thirty-three occlusive lesions (including brachiocephalic and renalarteries, and arteries of upper and lower extremities) were treated with balloon angioplasty and/or stent placement. Follow-up included clinical examination, angiography, and color duplex ultrasound.Technical success was 100% (25/25) for stenoses and 50% (4/8) for occlusive lesions, representing all lesions combined from different anatomic locations. Dissection (n = 3) and arterial rupture with retroperitoneal hematoma (n = 1) was found in three patients. During follow-up (mean 12 months), restenoses(n = 8) and re-restenoses (n = 1)occurred in 8 vascular areas. Three of these lesions were treated with repeated PTA (n = 4). The cumulative primary clinical success rate was 67.6%, cumulative secondary success rate 74.4%, and cumulative tertiary success rate 75.9%. Interventional therapy in systemic vasculitis provides promising results in technical success rates and followup. Angioplasty may result in arterial injury, but the rate of complications is low.

  14. Symptom assessment in patients with functional and primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction before and after successful dacryocystorhinostomy surgery: a prospective study

    PubMed Central

    Cheung, L M; Francis, I C; Stapleton, F; Wilcsek, G

    2007-01-01

    Aim To evaluate symptoms in patients with functional (FNLDO) and primary acquired (PANDO) nasolacrimal duct obstruction, evaluated prospectively before and after successful dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) surgery. Design A questionnaire delivered by interview, pre? and postintervention. Methods Consecutive patients with either FNLDO or PANDO were derived from a tertiary referral clinic and private practice of two surgeons (GW and ICF). The preoperative cohort consisted of 33 FNLDO patients and 28 PANDO patients. Of these, only 31 patients elected to proceed to DCR surgery. There were 12 FLNDO patients and 19 PANDO patients in the postoperative cohorts, all with definitive surgical success. Successful DCR surgery was indicated by positive endoscopic Jones 1 testing. Symptoms in relation to the patient's vision, reading, driving, mood, work and embarrassment were assessed. The severity of these symptoms was also graded. Results Vision and reading in particular were affected in both preoperative cohorts, and patients suffered significantly from embarrassment. Of the postoperative cohorts, the FNLDO cohort had a reduced percentage of patients suffering each symptom type, whereas the PANDO group had a reduction in percentage of patients reporting each symptom in some but not all areas. However, the overall severity was reduced in both groups, and embarrassment was significantly reduced in both groups. Conclusion In both FNLDO and PANDO populations, symptoms bother patients significantly, and successful DCR surgery has a positive effect on the patient's physical and psychological well?being. PMID:17584998

  15. Conservative Management of a Splenic Injury Related to Percutaneous Nephrostolithotomy

    PubMed Central

    Carey, Robert I.; Siddiq, Farjaad M.; Guerra, Jorge

    2006-01-01

    Introduction: Injury to intraperitoneal organs is unusual during percutaneous renal surgery. We report a splenic injury during upper pole percutaneous renal access for nephrostolithotomy that was managed conservatively. Methods: A 52-year-old male with left upper pole renal stones associated with a narrow upper pole infundibulum underwent upper pole renal access prior to percutaneous nephrostolithotomy (PCNL). The access was performed in the 10th to 11th intercostal space, and the patient underwent PCNL with stone clearance. Plain film radiography after percutaneous access and PCNL revealed no pneumothorax or hydrothorax. The patient was discharged on postoperative day one with the nephrostomy tube in place. Results: On postoperative day 5, the patient was evaluated for persistent flank pain and bleeding from the nephrostomy tube. Computerized tomography revealed a transsplenic percutaneous renal access. The patient was admitted to the hospital, and the general surgery service was consulted. The patient was placed on strict bedrest. His hematocrit was within normal limits and remained stable. The nephrostomy tube was kept in place for 2 weeks. A pullback nephrostogram revealed no perirenal leak, and no evidence was present of acute bleeding. Follow-up computerized tomography on the same day revealed no evidence of acute bleeding. The patient was discharged without further complications and remains stone free at 1-year follow-up. Conclusions: A transsplenic renal access that was dilated and through which a successful left percutaneous nephrostolithotomy was performed is a highly unusual complication related to upper pole left renal access. We were able to manage this complication with conservative measures. PMID:17575767

  16. Visceral leishmaniasis control in India through primary health care system--a successful experiment of district level planning.

    PubMed

    Saxena, N B; Aggarwal, V; Dhillon, G P; Sharma, R S; Rao, J S

    1996-06-01

    A model district action plan for control of Visceral Leishmaniasis a serious public health problem in north-east Bihar was developed in late 1989 and implemented in 1992 in district Vaishali. A two years implementation resulted in decline in cases and deaths due to Visceral Leishmaniasis to the extent of 65.32% and 46.51% respectively in 1993 as compared to 1992 and 41.13% and 44.93% respectively in 1994 as compared to 1993 with an overall decrease of 79.58% in case and 70.54% in deaths in 1994 as compared to 1992. The implementation of action plan not only established declining trends in morbidity and mortality due to Visceral Leishmaniasis in the district but also successfully contained the cases unresponsive to first line treatment with Sodium Stibogluconate by reducing the prevalence of such cases from 12.42% in 1992 to 8.59% in 1994. Various components of the action plan, implementation strategy and consequent impact on disease situation are presented in this paper. PMID:8810148

  17. 21 CFR 870.1250 - Percutaneous catheter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...1250 Percutaneous catheter. (a) Identification. A percutaneous catheter is a device that is introduced into a vein or artery through the skin using a dilator and a sheath (introducer) or guide wire. (b) Classification. Class II...

  18. 21 CFR 870.1250 - Percutaneous catheter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...1250 Percutaneous catheter. (a) Identification. A percutaneous catheter is a device that is introduced into a vein or artery through the skin using a dilator and a sheath (introducer) or guide wire. (b) Classification. Class II...

  19. 21 CFR 870.1250 - Percutaneous catheter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...1250 Percutaneous catheter. (a) Identification. A percutaneous catheter is a device that is introduced into a vein or artery through the skin using a dilator and a sheath (introducer) or guide wire. (b) Classification. Class II...

  20. 21 CFR 870.1250 - Percutaneous catheter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...1250 Percutaneous catheter. (a) Identification. A percutaneous catheter is a device that is introduced into a vein or artery through the skin using a dilator and a sheath (introducer) or guide wire. (b) Classification. Class II...

  1. 21 CFR 870.1250 - Percutaneous catheter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...1250 Percutaneous catheter. (a) Identification. A percutaneous catheter is a device that is introduced into a vein or artery through the skin using a dilator and a sheath (introducer) or guide wire. (b) Classification. Class II...

  2. Malignant melanoma of the conjunctiva ? successful surgical excision of the primary tumor and reconstruction by conjunctival auto transplantation from the contralateral eye.

    PubMed

    Sivkova, N; Chokoeva, A A; Dobrev, H; Staribratova, D; Belovezhdov, V; Tchernev, G; Wollina, U

    2014-01-01

    Malignant melanoma of the conjunctiva is a rare tumor with incidence of 0.5 cases/year per million population. It may also occur as de novo, as on the basis of preexisting melanocytic lesions (nevus or freckle) or most often from the so-called primary acquired melanosis of the conjuctiva (PAM). It metastasizes mainly lymphogenic and hematogenous. The size of the primary tumor lesion, histopathological findings and absolute tumor thickness are essential for unfavorable prognosis. Conjunctival auto transplantation from the other eye is modern and innovative, but also a seldomly feasible method of reconstruction after conjunctival excision of tumors in this area. We present a rare case of a 75-year-old patient with epithelioid cell malignant melanoma of the bulbar conjunctiva of the right eye, which de novo occurred, successfully treated by excision of the primary tumor and subsequent reconstruction by conjunctival auto transplant from the other eye. A very good therapeutic and aesthetic result was achieved. PMID:25572743

  3. Single-Institution Results of Image-Guided Nonplugged Percutaneous Versus Transjugular Liver Biopsy

    SciTech Connect

    Hardman, Rulon L., E-mail: hardmanr@uthscsa.edu [University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio (United States); Perrich, Kiley D.; Silas, Anne M. [Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology (United States)

    2011-04-15

    Purpose: To retrospectively review patients who underwent transjugular and image-guided percutaneous biopsy and compare the relative risk of ascites, thrombocytopenia, and coagulopathy. Materials and Methods: From August 2001 through February 2006, a total of 238 liver biopsies were performed. The radiologist reviewed all patient referrals for transjugular biopsy. These patients either underwent transjugular biopsy or were reassigned to percutaneous biopsy (crossover group). Patients referred to percutaneous image-guided liver biopsy underwent this same procedure. Biopsies were considered successful if a tissue diagnosis could be made from the samples obtained. Results: A total of 36 transjugular biopsies were performed with 3 total (8.3%) and 1 major (2.8%) complications. A total of 171 percutaneous biopsies were performed with 10 (5.8%) total and 3 (1.8%) major complications. The crossover group showed a total of 4 (12.9%) complications with 1 (3.2%) major complication. Sample adequacy was 91.9% for transjugular and 99.5% for percutaneous biopsy. Conclusion: Both transjugular and percutaneous liver biopsy techniques are efficacious and safe. Contraindications such as thrombocytopenia, coagulopathy, and ascites are indicators of greater complications but are not necessarily prevented by transjugular biopsy. Percutaneous biopsy more frequently yields a diagnostic specimen than transjugular biopsy.

  4. Percutaneous Aortic Valve Implantation Retrograde From the Femoral Artery

    E-print Network

    John G. Webb; Ronald G. Carere; Md Brad; I. Munt; Christopher E. Buller; Sanjeevan Pasupati Md Samuel Lichtenstein

    Background—Percutaneous aortic valve implantation by an antegrade transvenous approach has been described but is problematic. Retrograde prosthetic aortic valve implantation via the femoral artery has potential advantages. Percutaneous prosthetic aortic valve implantation via the femoral arterial approach is described and the initial experience reported. Methods and Results—The valve prosthesis is constructed from a stainless steel stent with an attached trileaflet equine pericardial valve and a fabric cuff. After routine aortic balloon valvuloplasty, a 22F or 24F sheath is advanced from the femoral artery to the aorta. A steerable, deflectable catheter facilitates manipulation of the prosthesis around the aortic arch and through the stenotic valve. Rapid ventricular pacing is used to reduce cardiac output while the delivery balloon is inflated to deploy the prosthesis within the annulus. Percutaneous aortic prosthetic valve implantation was attempted in 18 patients (aged 816 years) in whom surgical risk was deemed excessive because of comorbidities. Iliac arterial injury, seen in the first 2 patients, did not recur after improvement in screening and access site management. Implantation was successful in 14 patients. After successful implantation, the aortic valve area increased from 0.60.2 to 1.60.4 cm2. There were no intraprocedural deaths. At follow-up of 7555 days, 16 patients (89%) remained alive. Conclusions—This initial experience suggests that percutaneous transarterial aortic valve implantation is feasible in selected high-risk patients with satisfactory short-term outcomes. (Circulation. 2006;113:842-850.) Key Words: aorta stenosis catheters stents valvuloplasty Symptomatic aortic stenosis is an accepted indication forsurgery, in which valve replacement can both reduce symptoms and extend life.1 Despite this, many patients with severe aortic stenosis do not undergo surgery because of excessive risk, advanced age, or preference. Prognosis with medical management is poor,1 and percutaneous alternatives to surgery have been limited to balloon valvuloplasty with palliation that is modest and short-lived.2,3

  5. Percutaneous Management of Postoperative Duodenal Stump Leakage with Foley Catheter

    SciTech Connect

    Oh, Jung Suk, E-mail: oj-cumc@daum.net; Lee, Hae Giu, E-mail: hgleehfh@catholic.ac.kr; Chun, Ho Jong; Choi, Byung Gil [Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Department of Radiology (Korea, Republic of)] [Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Department of Radiology (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Sang Hoon; Hahn, Seong Tai [Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Department of Radiology (Korea, Republic of)] [Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Department of Radiology (Korea, Republic of); Ohm, Joon Young [Bucheon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Department of Radiology (Korea, Republic of)] [Bucheon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Department of Radiology (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-15

    Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate retrospectively the safety and efficacy of the percutaneous management of duodenal stump leakage with a Foley catheter after subtotal gastrectomy. Methods: Ten consecutive patients (M:F = 9:1, median age: 64 years) were included in this retrospective study. The duodenal stump leakages were diagnosed in all the patients within a median of 10 days (range, 6-20). At first, the patients underwent percutaneous drainage on the day of or the day after confirmation of the presence of duodenal stump leakage, and then the Foley catheters were replaced at a median of 9 days (range, 6-38) after the percutaneous drainage. Results: Foley catheters were placed successfully in the duodenal lumen of all the patients under a fluoroscopic guide. No complication was observed during and after the procedures in all the patients. All of the patients started a regular diet 1 day after the Foley catheter placement. The patients were discharged at a median of 7 days (range, 5-14) after the Foley catheter placement. The catheters were removed in an outpatient clinic 10-58 days (median, 28) after the Foley catheter placement. Conclusions: Fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous Foley catheter placement may be a safe and effective treatment option for postoperative duodenal stump leakage and may allow for shorter hospital stays, earlier oral intake, and more effective control of leakage sites.

  6. Percutaneous Ablation of the Small Renal Mass—Techniques and Outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Gunn, Andrew J.; Gervais, Debra A.

    2014-01-01

    An increasing number of T1a renal cell carcinomas are being diagnosed in recent years, in part due to incidental detection from the increased use of cross-sectional imaging. Although partial nephrectomy is still considered the primary treatment for these small renal masses, percutaneous ablation is now being performed as a standard therapeutic, nephron-sparing approach in patients who are poor surgical candidates. Clinical studies to date have demonstrated that percutaneous ablation is an effective therapy with acceptable outcomes and low risk in the appropriate clinical settings. This article will review various clinical aspects regarding the percutaneous ablation of small renal masses, including patient selection, preprocedural preparations, and the procedural considerations of commonly employed ablative technologies. Specific techniques such as radiofrequency ablation, cryoablation, microwave ablation, irreversible electroporation, and high-intensity focused ultrasound will be addressed in detail. In addition, the technical and oncologic outcomes of percutaneous ablation will be discussed and referenced to that of partial nephrectomy. PMID:24596438

  7. Percutaneous transluminal alcohol septal myocardial ablation after aortic valve replacement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sitges, M.; Kapadia, S.; Rubin, D. N.; Thomas, J. D.; Tuzcu, M. E.; Lever, H. M.

    2001-01-01

    When left ventricular outflow tract obstruction develops after aortic valve replacement, few treatment choices have been available until now. We present a patient with prior aortic valve replacement who developed left ventricle outflow tract obstruction that was successfully treated with a percutaneous transcoronary myocardial septal alcohol ablation. This technique is a useful tool for the treatment of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, especially in those patients with prior heart surgery. Copyright 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  8. Percutaneous Sclerotherapy of Cystic Lesions

    PubMed Central

    Cheng, Danny; Amin, Parag; Ha, Thuong Van

    2012-01-01

    With modern cross-sectional imaging techniques, cystic lesions are very common and usually incidental findings, especially if small. However, when cysts enlarge, become infected, bleed, or undergo torsion, they can be symptomatic, and percutaneous drainage can be effective in the management. When cysts recur after aspiration, which is often the case for hepatic and renal cysts, cyst sclerosis or surgical unroofing may be required. This article describes the indications for and technical aspects of percutaneous sclerotherapy of cystic lesions of multiple organ systems. PMID:24293802

  9. Abundance of narG, nirS, nirK, and nosZ Genes of Denitrifying Bacteria during Primary Successions of a Glacier Foreland

    PubMed Central

    Kandeler, Ellen; Deiglmayr, Kathrin; Tscherko, Dagmar; Bru, David; Philippot, Laurent

    2006-01-01

    Quantitative PCR of denitrification genes encoding the nitrate, nitrite, and nitrous oxide reductases was used to study denitrifiers across a glacier foreland. Environmental samples collected at different distances from a receding glacier contained amounts of 16S rRNA target molecules ranging from 4.9 × 105 to 8.9 × 105 copies per nanogram of DNA but smaller amounts of narG, nirK, and nosZ target molecules. Thus, numbers of narG, nirK, nirS, and nosZ copies per nanogram of DNA ranged from 2.1 × 103 to 2.6 × 104, 7.4 × 102 to 1.4 × 103, 2.5 × 102 to 6.4 × 103, and 1.2 × 103 to 5.5 × 103, respectively. The densities of 16S rRNA genes per gram of soil increased with progressing soil development. The densities as well as relative abundances of different denitrification genes provide evidence that different denitrifier communities develop under primary succession: higher percentages of narG and nirS versus 16S rRNA genes were observed in the early stage of primary succession, while the percentages of nirK and nosZ genes showed no significant increase or decrease with soil age. Statistical analyses revealed that the amount of organic substances was the most important factor in the abundance of eubacteria as well as of nirK and nosZ communities, and copy numbers of these two genes were the most important drivers changing the denitrifying community along the chronosequence. This study yields an initial insight into the ecology of bacteria carrying genes for the denitrification pathway in a newly developing alpine environment. PMID:16957216

  10. Primary renal MALToma: A rare differential diagnosis for a recurrent renal mass after primary ablative therapy

    PubMed Central

    Vedovo, Francesca; Pavan, Nicola; Liguori, Giovanni; Siracusano, Salvatore; Bussani, Rossana; Trombetta, Carlo

    2014-01-01

    We report a case of primary renal lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue in an 82-year-old woman. She presented with a history of renal mass previously treated with kidney percutaneous cryoablation at another centre. PMID:25024802

  11. Coupling of primary producers, detritus, decomposer organisms and nitrogen availability during secondary succession: Progress report for period September 28, 1987-September 27, 1988

    SciTech Connect

    Redente, E.F.

    1988-06-01

    Secondary succession is a consequence of the interactions among primary producers, decomposers, detritus and abiotic components of the system over time. This study focuses on the interrelationships among above- and below-ground processes involved in semiarid ecosystem development. We found that the addition of nitrogen and phosphorus significantly reduced the production of perennial species while significantly increasing the production of annual and biennial plants. Three years of N addition have altered plant community composition, slowed the rate of secondary succession, and reduced the fungal component, of the microbial community. Early- and late-successional plant species differ in their maintenance of rhizosphere microbial communities. Under nutrient-limited conditions, early-successional species maintain larger microbial biomasses than late-successional species. This strategy may cause early-successional species to be less competitive than late-successional species under nutrient poor conditions because of the need for a greater amount of carbon to be released by early-successional species to maintain a rhizosphere community. Using P/N ratios we have demonstrated that mycorrhizal grasses in the field have enriched relative P nutrition. 52 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  12. [Tract sealing techniques in percutaneous nephrolitholapaxy].

    PubMed

    Hüsch, T; Reiter, M; Steiner, E; Mager, R; Haferkamp, A; Schilling, D

    2014-03-01

    Since the introduction of the percutanous nephrolitholapaxy (PNL), the instruments as well as the technique have experienced a tremendous modification. The miniaturisation of the instruments has led to a decreased hospital stay, reduced analgetic use as well as an extension of the indication for PNL. A nephrostomy tube was normally inserted to prevent urinoma and to provoke renal haemostasis. In 1997, the necessity for the regular use of a nephrostomy tube was first questioned. In a prospective study, the nephrostomy tube was successfully omitted in 50 selected patients. Since then, increasingly, the nephrostomy tube is omitted. Alternatively, different haemostatic substances are used for renal tract closure. The necessity for the use of these agents is still unclear. PMID:24567284

  13. Temporal-Spatial Variation and Controls of Soil Respiration in Different Primary Succession Stages on Glacier Forehead in Gongga Mountain, China

    PubMed Central

    Luo, Ji; Chen, Youchao; Wu, Yanhong; Shi, Peili; She, Jia; Zhou, Peng

    2012-01-01

    Soil respiration (SR) is an important process in the global carbon cycle. It is difficult to estimate SR emission accurately because of its temporal and spatial variability. Primary forest succession on Glacier forehead provides the ideal environment for examining the temporal-spatial variation and controlling factors of SR. However, relevant studies on SR are relatively scarce, and variations, as well as controlling factors, remain uncertain in this kind of region. In this study, we used a static chamber system to measure SR in six sites which represent different stages of forest succession on forehead of a temperate glacier in Gongga Mountain, China. Our results showed that there was substantial temporal (coefficient of variation (CV) ranged from 39.3% to 73.9%) and spatial (CV ranged from 12.3% to 88.6%) variation in SR. Soil temperature (ST) at 5 cm depth was the major controlling factor of temporal variation in all six sites. Spatial variation in SR was mainly caused by differences in plant biomass and Total N among the six sites. Moreover, soil moisture (SM), microbial biomass carbon (MBC), soil organic carbon (SOC), pH and bulk density could influence SR by directly or indirectly affecting plant biomass and Total N. Q10 values (ranged from 2.1 to 4.7) increased along the forest succession, and the mean value (3.3) was larger than that of temperate ecosystems, which indicated a general tendency towards higher-Q10 in colder ecosystems than in warmer ecosystems. Our findings provided valuable information for understanding temporal-spatial variation and controlling factors of SR. PMID:22879950

  14. Effects of seabird nitrogen input on biomass and carbon accumulation after 50 years of primary succession on a young volcanic island, Surtsey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leblans, N. I. W.; Sigurdsson, B. D.; Roefs, P.; Thuys, R.; Magnússon, B.; Janssens, I. A.

    2014-11-01

    What happens during primary succession after the first colonizers have occupied a pristine surface largely depends on how they ameliorate living conditions for other species. For vascular plants the onset of soil development and associated increase in nutrient (mainly nitrogen; N) and water availability is especially important. Here, we report the relationship between N accumulation and biomass and ecosystem carbon (C) stocks in a 50-year-old volcanic island, Surtsey, Iceland, where N stocks are still exceptionally low. However, a 28-year-old seagull colony on the island provided nutrient-enriched areas, which enabled us to assess the relationship between N stock and biomass and ecosystem C stocks across a much larger range in N stock. Further, we compared areas on shallow and deep tephra sands as we expected that deep-rooted systems would be more efficient in retaining N. The sparsely vegetated area outside the colony had accumulated 0.7 kg N ha-1 yr-1, which was ca. 50-60% of the estimated N input rate from wet deposition. This approximates values for systems under low N input and bare dune habitats. The seagulls have added, on average, 47 kg N ha-1 yr-1, which induced a shift from belowground to aboveground in ecosystem N and C stocks and doubled the ecosystem N-use efficiency, determined as the ratio of biomass and C storage per unit N input. Soil depth did not significantly affect total N stocks, which suggests a high N retention potential. Both total ecosystem biomass and C stocks were strongly correlated with N stock inside the colony, which indicated the important role of N during the first steps of primary succession. Inside the colony, the ecosystem biomass C stocks (17-27 ton C ha-1) had reached normal values for grasslands, while the soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks (4-10 ton C ha-1 were only a fraction of normal grassland values. Thus, it will take a long time until the SOC stock reaches equilibrium with the current primary production, during which conditions for new colonists may change.

  15. Effects of seabird nitrogen input on biomass and carbon accumulation after 50 years of primary succession on a young volcanic island, Surtsey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leblans, N. I. W.; Sigurdsson, B. D.; Roefs, P.; Thuys, R.; Magnússon, B.; Janssens, I. A.

    2014-05-01

    What happens during primary succession after the first colonizers have occupied a pristine surface largely depends on how they ameliorate living conditions for other species. For vascular plants the onset of soil development and associated increase in nutrient (mainly nitrogen, N) and water availability is especially important. Here, we report the relation between N accumulation and biomass- and ecosystem carbon (C) stocks in a 50 year old volcanic island, Surtsey, in Iceland, where N stocks are still exceptionally low. However, 27 year old seagull colony on the island provided nutrient-enriched areas, which enabled us to assess the relationship between N stock and biomass- and ecosystem C stocks across a much larger range in N stock. Further, we compared areas on shallow and deep tephra sands as we expected that deep-rooted systems would be more efficient in retaining N. The sparsely vegetated area outside the colony was more efficient in N retention than we expected and had accumulated 0.7 kg N ha-1 yr-1, which was ca. 60% of the estimated N input rate from wet deposition. The seagulls have added, on average, 47 kg N ha-1 yr-1, which induced a shift from belowground to aboveground in ecosystem N and C stocks and doubled the ecosystem "N use efficiency", determined as the ratio of biomass and C storage per unit N input. Soil depth did not significantly affect total N stocks, which suggests a high N retention potential. Both total ecosystem biomass and C stocks were strongly correlated with N stock inside the colony, which indicated the important role of N during the first steps of primary succession. Inside the colony, the ecosystem biomass C stocks (17-27 kg C ha-1) had reached normal values for grasslands, while the soil organic carbon stocks (SOC; 4-10 kg C ha-1) were only a fraction of normal grassland values. Thus, it will take a long time until the SOC stock reaches equilibrium with the current primary production; during which conditions for new colonists may change.

  16. The value of percutaneous cholangiography

    PubMed Central

    Evison, Gordon; McNulty, Myles; Thomson, Colin

    1973-01-01

    Percutaneous cholangiograms performed on fifty patients in a district general hospital have been reviewed, and the advantages and limitations of the examination are described. The investigation is considered to have sufficient diagnostic value to warrant its inclusion in the diagnostic armamentarium of every general radiological department. ImagesFig. 1Fig. 2Fig. 3Fig. 4 PMID:4788917

  17. Percutaneous drainage of prostatic abscess

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Bircan; O. Öztürk; C. Haksöz; A. Bilici

    1992-01-01

    The treatment results of 2 patients with prostatic abscess who underwent perineal percutaneous drainage under transrectal\\u000a ultrasonographic guidance are described. Both patients were treated definitely and without complications. It is concluded\\u000a that the use of transrectal ultrasound during the procedure increases the effectivity and safety of treatment.

  18. Retroperitoneal hemorrhage after percutaneous nephrostomy

    SciTech Connect

    Cronan, J.J.; Dorfman, G.S.; Amis, E.S.; Denny, D.F. Jr.

    1985-04-01

    Sixty-two kidneys in 57 patients were studied by computed tomography (CT) after percutaneous nephrostomy. Clinically unsuspected retroperitoneal hematomas were detected in eight kidneys (13%). In eight other patients, extrarenal collections of contrast material were noted. In none of the cases was a large hematoma seen or surgical intervention required.

  19. Danish Guidelines 2015 for percutaneous.

    PubMed

    Madsen, Kristian Rørbæk; Guldager, Henrik; Rewers, Mikael; Weber, Sven-Olaf; Købke-Jacobsen, Kurt; White, Jonathan

    2015-03-01

    Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy is a common procedure in intensive care. This updated Danish national guideline describes indications, contraindications and complications, and gives recommendations for timing, anaesthesia, and technique, use of fibre bronchoscopy and ultrasound guidance, as well as decannulation strategy, training, and education. PMID:25748872

  20. Use of StarClose for brachial artery closure after percutaneous endovascular interventions.

    PubMed

    Puggioni, Alessandra; Boesmans, Evelyne; Deloose, Koen; Peeters, Patrick; Bosiers, Marc

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate a percutaneous extravascular closure device (StarClose, Abbott Vascular, Redwood City, CA) after brachial endovascular approach. From 2004 to 2006, 29 patients received StarClose for brachial closure. Primary endpoints were successful deployment and absence of procedure-related morbidity, secondary endpoints were brachial artery patency on duplex and absence of late (> 30 days) complications. The device was successfully deployed in all patients. In two patients (6.8%) local complications occurred: one patient developed a large hematoma successfully treated with prolonged compression and a second patient presented with brachial artery occlusion requiring operative intervention. After a mean follow-up of 7.5+/-7.2 months, all patients had a palpable brachial/radial pulse; none had signs of infection, distal embolization or neurological deficits. On ultrasound b-mode imaging, the clip was visible as a 4 mm echolucent area at the outer anterior wall of the artery. Based on the peak systolic velocity ratios between the site of StarClose and proximal brachial artery (mean 1.08+/-0.2), none of the studied patients had a significant stenosis at the site of closure. StarClose is safe and effective in providing hemostasis following interventional procedures through the brachial artery; further advantages include patients comfort and early discharge. PMID:18377837

  1. Contemporary antiplatelet therapy in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Bhatty, Shaun; Ali, Asghar; Shetty, Ranjith; Sumption, Kevin F; Cowley, Michael J; Jovin, Ion S

    2014-04-01

    The proper use of antiplatelet agents in the cardiac catheterization laboratory is important for ensuring optimal results in patients undergoing percutaneous revascularization. Understanding the mechanisms by which these drugs exerts their effects is important for both interventional and non-interventional cardiologists. The effects of these agents on platelet function can be assessed and monitored using a variety of commercially available laboratory assays but so far these tests have not been adopted in routine clinical practice. Currently, aspirin, thienopyridines and glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors are the primary types of antiplatelet drugs being utilized. The use of these drugs and of several newer antiplatelet drugs in the treatment of patients undergoing percutaneous revascularization in the cardiac catheterization laboratory will be discussed, especially in the light of the recently published guidelines. PMID:24650313

  2. Radionuclide methods to evaluate percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

    SciTech Connect

    DePuey, E.G. (St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY (USA))

    1991-04-01

    Radionuclide angiocardiography and myocardial perfusion imaging with exercise are valuable methods to assess patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. Successful angioplasty results in improvement in ventricular systolic and diastolic function and regional perfusion. Complications of angioplasty, such as periprocedural infarction and side branch occlusion, can be documented noninvasively. Radionuclide methods have also been demonstrated to be of prognostic value in predicting coronary artery restenosis and recurrent cardiac symptoms. However, to avoid underestimating the success of coronary revascularization, studies must be scheduled long enough following angioplasty to allow transient abnormalities associated with artery dilation to resolve. 37 references.

  3. Percutaneous Endoluminal Bypass of Iliac Aneurysms with a Covered Stent

    SciTech Connect

    Ruebben, Alexander; Tettoni, Serena; Muratore, Pierluigi; Rossato, Dennis; Savio, Daniele; Rabbia, Claudio [Radiologia del Pronto Soccorso, Servizio di Angioradiologia, Azienda Ospedaliera San Giovanni Battista, Corso Bramante 88, I-10126 Turin (Italy)

    1998-07-15

    To evaluate the feasibility of percutaneous treatment of iliac aneurysms, a covered stent was inserted in nine men suffering from common iliac artery aneurysms (six cases), external iliac aneurysms (one case), or pseudoaneurysms (two cases). Placement of the stent was successful in all patients. In one patient, an endoprosthesis thrombosed after 15 days, but was successfully treated by thrombolysis and additional stent placement. At the follow-up examinations (mean period 22 months) all stent-grafts had remained patent. No late leakage or stenosis was observed.

  4. Outpatient bilateral supracostal tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy for staghorn calculi

    PubMed Central

    Kokorovic, Andrea; Wilson, James W.L.; Beiko, Darren

    2014-01-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the surgical procedure of choice to treat staghorn calculi. Most centres perform PCNL as the traditional inpatient procedure. However, outpatient PCNL has been successfully attempted and represents a feasible method of reducing hospital costs. We report the case of a 35-year-old female who underwent outpatient simultaneous PCNL for bilateral renal staghorn calculi. The patient was discharged in stable condition less than 3 hours following the procedure with minimal discomfort. To the best of our knowledge, this case report is the first to describe a successfully completed outpatient bilateral supracostal tubeless PCNL for staghorn calculi. PMID:24839499

  5. The prognosis of periprocedural myocardial infarction after percutaneous coronary interventions.

    PubMed

    Zimarino, Marco; Affinito, Vincenzo

    2013-01-01

    An increase of biomarkers of myocardial necrosis is observed frequently after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) even when the procedure seems angiographically successful and otherwise uncomplicated. The recently updated Universal Definition of Myocardial infarction (MI) arbitrarily defined periprocedural MI (type 4a) by elevation of cardiac troponin (cTn) values >5 × the upper reference limit (URL) in patients with normal baseline values or a rise of cTn values >20% if the baseline values are elevated, together with either angina or new ECG changes or angiographic loss of patency of a coronary artery or a side branch or persistent slow or no-flow or embolization, or imaging demonstration of new loss of viable myocardium. Most frequent causes of such event are side-branch closure and/or plaque microembolization. The present review is focused on the prognostic implication of periprocedural necrosis. The risk related to a PCI-induced MI is significantly lower as compared to a spontaneous event where a similar increase of biomarkers is detected. Moreover, although an association between CK-MB elevations and adverse prognosis after PCI has been documented, existing data do not support the statement that an isolated elevation of troponins after PCI is associated with an adverse prognosis after PCI; increased troponin levels before PCI seem far more predictive of future events than a peri-procedural itself. Caution should be paid in the interpretation of clinical trials using type 4a MI as a primary endpoint. Nevertheless, patients with periprocedural myocardial damage should be treated as a higher-risk cohort, carefully monitored and receive an intensified secondary prevention program. PMID:23164601

  6. Implementing a successful tuberculosis programme within primary care services in a conflict area using the stop TB strategy: Afghanistan case study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Afghanistan has faced health consequences of war including those due to displacement of populations, breakdown of health and social services, and increased risks of disease transmission for over three decades. Yet it was able to restructure its National Tuberculosis Control Programme (NTP), integrate tuberculosis treatment into primary health care and achieve most of its targets by the year 2011. What were the processes that enabled the programme to achieve its targets? More importantly, what were the underpinning factors that made this success possible? We addressed these important questions through a case study. Case description We adopted a processes and outcomes framework for this study, which began with examining the change in key programme indicators, followed by backwards tracing of the processes and underlying factors, responsible for this change. Methods included review of the published and grey literature along with in-depth interviews of 15 key informants involved with the care of tuberculosis patients in Afghanistan. Discussion and evaluation TB incidence and mortality per 100,000 decreased from 325 and 92 to 189 and 39 respectively, while case notification and treatment success improved during the decade under study. Efficient programme structures were enabled through high political commitment from the Government, strong leadership from the programme, effective partnership and coordination among stakeholders, and adequate technical and financial support from the development partners. Conclusions The NTP Afghanistan is an example that public health programmes can be effectively implemented in fragile states. High political commitment and strong local leadership are essential factors for such programmes. To ensure long-term effectiveness of the NTP, the international support should be withdrawn in a phased manner, coupled with a sequential increase in resources allocated to the NTP by the Government of Afghanistan. PMID:24507446

  7. Novel approach for the percutaneous treatment of left ventricular pseudoaneurysms.

    PubMed

    Singh, Ayushi; Kliger, Chad; Ruiz, Carlos E

    2015-05-01

    Left ventricular pseudoaneurysm (LVPA) is a rare yet serious complication that may follow cardiac surgery, myocardial infarction, trauma, or infection. If left untreated, reported rates of rupture and sudden cardiac death are high. Although surgical intervention has traditionally been the standard treatment for LVPA, percutaneous closure is now an attractive alternative in the high-risk patient. We report a case of a successful percutaneous LVPA closure using direct chest wall entry into the pseudoaneurysm. This novel approach can be useful when access to the LVPA is a challenge, especially in the setting of small ostial size, dense left ventricular trabeculations, angulated serpiginous tract, and presence of mechanical prostheses. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25533813

  8. Percutaneous Transsplenic Access to the Portal Vein for Management of Vascular Complication in Patients with Chronic Liver Disease

    SciTech Connect

    Chu, Hee Ho; Kim, Hyo-Cheol, E-mail: angiointervention@gmail.com; Jae, Hwan Jun [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Institute of Radiation Medicine, Clinical Research Institute (Korea, Republic of); Yi, Nam-Joon; Lee, Kwang-Woong; Suh, Kyung-Suk [Seoul National University College of Medicine and Seoul National University Hospital, Department of Surgery (Korea, Republic of); Chung, Jin Wook; Park, Jae Hyung [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Institute of Radiation Medicine, Clinical Research Institute (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-12-15

    Purpose: To evaluate the safety and feasibility of percutaneous transsplenic access to the portal vein for management of vascular complication in patients with chronic liver diseases. Methods: Between Sept 2009 and April 2011, percutaneous transsplenic access to the portal vein was attempted in nine patients with chronic liver disease. Splenic vein puncture was performed under ultrasonographic guidance with a Chiba needle, followed by introduction of a 4 to 9F sheath. Four patients with hematemesis or hematochezia underwent variceal embolization. Another two patients underwent portosystemic shunt embolization in order to improve portal venous blood flow. Portal vein recanalization was attempted in three patients with a transplanted liver. The percutaneous transsplenic access site was closed using coils and glue. Results: Percutaneous transsplenic splenic vein catheterization was performed successfully in all patients. Gastric or jejunal varix embolization with glue and lipiodol mixture was performed successfully in four patients. In two patients with a massive portosystemic shunt, embolization of the shunting vessel with a vascular plug, microcoils, glue, and lipiodol mixture was achieved successfully. Portal vein recanalization was attempted in three patients with a transplanted liver; however, only one patient was treated successfully. Complete closure of the percutaneous transsplenic tract was achieved using coils and glue without bleeding complication in all patients. Conclusion: Percutaneous transsplenic access to the portal vein can be an alternative route for portography and further endovascular management in patients for whom conventional approaches are difficult or impossible.

  9. Percutaneous Transumbilical Portal Vein Embolization in a Patient with a Ruptured Hepatocellular Carcinoma Supplied by the Portal Vein

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Soo Chin; Kim, Hyo-Cheol, E-mail: angiointervention@gmail.com; Chung, Jin Wook; Jae, Hwan Jun; Park, Jae Hyung [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-02-15

    We describe a case of a ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma supplied by the portal vein that was successfully treated with portal vein embolization via a percutaneous transumbilical approach. A contrast material-enhanced computed tomographic (CT) scan showed the presence of a large hypervascular tumor on portal venous phase as well as right hepatic vein thrombosis and hemoperitoneum that prevented portal vein embolization by the use of the percutaneous and transjugular transhepatic approach. The use of percutaneous transumbilical portal vein embolization can be an alternative option in this situation.

  10. Preliminary clinical trial in percutaneous nephrolithotomy using a real-time navigation system for percutaneous kidney access

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodrigues, Pedro L.; Moreira, António H. J.; Rodrigues, Nuno F.; Pinho, A. C. M.; Fonseca, Jaime C.; Lima, Estevão.; Vilaça, João. L.

    2014-03-01

    Background: Precise needle puncture of renal calyces is a challenging and essential step for successful percutaneous nephrolithotomy. This work tests and evaluates, through a clinical trial, a real-time navigation system to plan and guide percutaneous kidney puncture. Methods: A novel system, entitled i3DPuncture, was developed to aid surgeons in establishing the desired puncture site and the best virtual puncture trajectory, by gathering and processing data from a tracked needle with optical passive markers. In order to navigate and superimpose the needle to a preoperative volume, the patient, 3D image data and tracker system were previously registered intraoperatively using seven points that were strategically chosen based on rigid bone structures and nearby kidney area. In addition, relevant anatomical structures for surgical navigation were automatically segmented using a multi-organ segmentation algorithm that clusters volumes based on statistical properties and minimum description length criterion. For each cluster, a rendering transfer function enhanced the visualization of different organs and surrounding tissues. Results: One puncture attempt was sufficient to achieve a successful kidney puncture. The puncture took 265 seconds, and 32 seconds were necessary to plan the puncture trajectory. The virtual puncture path was followed correctively until the needle tip reached the desired kidney calyceal. Conclusions: This new solution provided spatial information regarding the needle inside the body and the possibility to visualize surrounding organs. It may offer a promising and innovative solution for percutaneous punctures.

  11. CASE REPORT Splenic Injury During Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

    E-print Network

    Background: Injury to the spleen is a recognized complication during percutaneous renal access due to the close anatomical relationship of the spleen and the left kidney. However, transsplenic renal access is a rare complication of percutaneous nephrolithotomy and can also result in considerable morbidity, often requiring emergent splenectomy. Methods: We present our experience with splenic injury during percutaneous nephrolithotomy managed conservatively with the use of a collagen-thrombin hemostatic

  12. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy in children: A preliminary report

    PubMed Central

    Elderwy, Ahmad A.; Gadelmoula, Mohamed; Elgammal, Mohamed A.; Osama, Ehab; Al-Hazmi, Hamdan; Hammouda, H.; Osman, Esam; Abdullah, Medhat A.; Neel, Khalid Fouda

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: The recurrence of pediatric nephrolithiasis, the morbidity of repeated open surgical treatment as well as our experience in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) in adult patients, all derived us to shift to PNL for managing renal stones >1.5 cm in pediatric patients. Our aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of PNL in pediatric patients. Materials and Methods: During the period of the month between May 2011 and April 2013, 38 children (47 renal units) underwent PNL for renal stones 1.5-5 cm in length. Patient demographics, stone characteristics, and clinical outcome were prospectively studied. Data of those who underwent conventional and tubeless PNL were compared. Median follow-up period was 12 months (range: 6-24). Results: The median age at presentation was 8-year (range: 3-12). The operative time ranged from 30 to 120 min (median 90). Overall stone clearance rate was 91.5% after single PNL. The median hospital stay was 3 days. Auxiliary procedures were successful for the remaining 4 patients (nephroscopic clearance in one and shockwave lithotripsy in 3). Tubeless PNL was performed in 17 renal units with a comparable outcome to conventional ones. The perioperative complications were noted in 5/47 (10.6%) of all procedures (Clavien Grade II in 4 and Clavien Grade IIIa in 1) and were managed conservatively. Conclusions: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy for renal stones in pediatric patients is safe and feasible if performed by a well-experienced endourologist. Tubeless PNL is a better choice for children. PMID:25125889

  13. Percutaneous balloon mitral commissurotomy during pregnancy.

    PubMed Central

    Ben Farhat, M.; Gamra, H.; Betbout, F.; Maatouk, F.; Jarrar, M.; Addad, F.; Tiss, M.; Hammami, S.; Chahbani, I.; Thaalbi, R.

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of percutaneous balloon mitral commissurotomy for the treatment of pregnant women with severe mitral stenosis over a period of six years. DESIGN: Analysis of clinical, haemodynamic, and echocardiographic data before and immediately after the procedure, the pregnancy outcome, and the fate of newborn babies. SETTING: Academic cardiovascular centre in Monastir, Tunisia. PATIENTS: 44 pregnant patients who underwent percutaneous transvenous dilatation of the mitral valve between January 1990 and February 1996. Grade 2 mitral regurgitation was present in two patients and densely calcific valves in three (7%). RESULTS: Commissurotomy was successfully achieved in all cases. The total mean (SD) duration of teh procedure was 72 (18) minutes and that of fluoroscopy 16 (7) minutes. Left atrial pressure decreased from 28 (10) to 14 (7) mm Hg, mitral pressure gradient fell from 22 (8) to 5 (3) mm Hg. Cardiac output increased from 4.8 (1.1) to 6.3 (1.2) l/min and Gorlin mitral valve area from 0.96 (0.21) to 2.4 (0.4) cm2 (all P < < 0.001). Cross sectional echocardiographic mitral valve area increased from 1.07 (0.21) to 2.32 (0.36) cm2. There were no maternal or fetal deaths. Complications included a grade 4 mitral regurgitation in one patient that required early valve replacement. All patients delivered at full term, 42 vaginally and two (5%) by caesarean section; 41 babies were normal and three whose mothers had the procedure near term were relatively hypotrophic. At a mean follow up of 28 (12) months (range 2 to 26) all children had normal growth. CONCLUSIONS: During pregnancy, balloon mitral commissurotomy is the treatment of choice of severe pliable mitral stenosis in patients who are refractory to medical treatment. PMID:9227303

  14. The Use of Below-Knee Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty in Arterial Occlusive Disease Causing Chronic Critical Limb Ischemia

    SciTech Connect

    Loefberg, Ann-Marie; Loerelius, Lars-Erik [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital, S-75185 Uppsala (Sweden); Karacagil, Sadettin; Westman, Bo; Almgren, Bo; Berqgvist, David [Department of Surgery, University Hospital, S-75185 Uppsala (Sweden)

    1996-09-15

    Purpose: To determine the efficacy, safety and long-term results of crural artery percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in limbs with chronic critical limb ischemia (CLI). Methods: Patients undergoing crural artery PTA due to CLI were followed at regular clinic visits with ankle brachial pressure index (ABPI) measurements. PTA of the crural arteries was attempted either alone (n= 39) or in combination with PTA of the superficial and/or popliteal artery (n= 55) in 86 limbs (82 patients and 94 procedures) presenting with CLI. The ages of patients ranged from 37 to 94 years (mean 72 years). The indications for PTA were rest pain in 10 and ulcer/gangrene in 84 limbs.Results: A technically successful PTA with at least one crural level was achieved in 88% of cases (n= 83). Cumulative primary clinical success rates at 6, 12, 24, and 36 months were 55%, 51%, 36%, and 36%, respectively. Cumulative secondary clinical success and limb salvage rates at 36 months were 44% and 72%, respectively. Conclusion: PTA of the crural arteries might be considered the primary choice of treatment in patients with CLI and distal lesions with localized stenosis or segmental short occlusions.

  15. New instrumentation in percutaneous nephrolithotomy

    PubMed Central

    Pugh, Joseph W.; Canales, Benjamin K.

    2010-01-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the procedure of choice for removing large, complex, and/or multiple renal calculi. Since its first description in 1976, PCNL techniques and equipment have evolved to maximize procedural efficacy, safety, and reproducibility. We reviewed current literature from January 2004 to November 2009 using Medline search regarding PCNL instrumentation and technology. Additional equipment discovered during the review process without published Medline evidence was summarized from manufacturer brochures and data. Included in this review are summaries of intracorporeal lithotriptors and accessory equipment, stone manipulation devices, PCNL tract sealants, and a digital rigid nephroscope. The evolution of these devices from their predecessors has increased the instrumentation options for the treating urologist and may represent more effective technology for the percutaneous treatment of large renal stones. PMID:21116361

  16. Percutaneous Ablation in the Kidney

    PubMed Central

    Wood, Bradford J.; Gervais, Debra A.

    2011-01-01

    Percutaneous ablation in the kidney is now performed as a standard therapeutic nephron-sparing option in patients who are poor candidates for resection. Its increasing use has been largely prompted by the rising incidental detection of renal cell carcinomas with cross-sectional imaging and the need to preserve renal function in patients with comorbid conditions, multiple renal cell carcinomas, and/or heritable renal cancer syndromes. Clinical studies to date indicate that radiofrequency ablation and cryoablation are effective therapies with acceptable short- to intermediate-term outcomes and with a low risk in the appropriate setting, with attention to pre-, peri-, and postprocedural detail. The results following percutaneous radiofrequency ablation and cryoablation in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma are reviewed in this article, including those of several larger scale studies of ablation of T1a tumors. Clinical and technical considerations unique to ablation in the kidney are presented, and potential complications are discussed. © RSNA, 2011 PMID:22012904

  17. Percutaneous closure of complex paravalvular aortic root pseudoaneurysm and aorta-cavitary fistulas

    PubMed Central

    Al-Maskari, Salim; Panduranga, Prashanth; Al-Farqani, Abdullah; Thomas, Eapen; Velliath, John

    2014-01-01

    Native aortic valve or its prosthetic valve endocarditis can extend to the adjacent periannular areas and erode into nearby cardiac chambers, leading to pseudoaneurysm and aorta-cavitary fistulas respectively. The later usually leads to acute cardiac failure and hemodynamic instability requiring an urgent surgical intervention. However rarely this might pass unnoticed and the patient might present later with cardiac murmur. Percutaneous device closure of aortic pseudoaneurysm, ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm, aorta-pulmonary window, paravalvular leaks, and aorta-cavitary fistula have been reported. We present a 59-year-old female who developed a large aortic root pseudoaneurysm with biventricular communication aorta-cavitary fistulas presenting late following aortic prosthetic valve endocarditis. She underwent successful percutaneous device closure of her pseudoaneurysm and aorta-cavitary fistulas using two Amplatzer Duct Occluders. This case illustrates a challenging combination of aortic root pseudoaneurysm and biventricular aorta-cavitary fistulas that was successfully treated with percutaneous procedure. PMID:24973845

  18. First in human percutaneous implantation of a balloon expandable transcatheter heart valve in a severely stenosed native mitral valve.

    PubMed

    Guerrero, Mayra; Greenbaum, Adam; O'Neill, William

    2014-06-01

    Transcatheter implantation of a balloon expandable valve in calcified severely stenosed native mitral valves has recently been described. The two cases reported so far utilized the surgical transapical approach generally used for transapical transcatheter aortic valve replacement. A percutaneous approach has not been published. We report the first successful percutaneous implantation of a balloon expandable transcatheter valve in the native mitral valve without a surgical incision. PMID:24532349

  19. Clinical review: Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mariam A Al-Ansari; Mohammed H Hijazi

    2005-01-01

    As the number of critically ill patients requiring tracheotomy for prolonged ventilation has increased, the demand for a procedural\\u000a alternative to the surgical tracheostomy (ST) has also emerged. Since its introduction, percutaneous dilatational tracheostomies\\u000a (PDT) have gained increasing popularity. The most commonly cited advantages are the ease of the familiar technique and the\\u000a ability to perform the procedure at the

  20. Percutaneous peripheral laser angioplasty with a pulsed Nd:YAG laser and sapphire tips

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kvasnicka, Jan; Stanek, Frantisek; Boudik, Frantisek; Kubecek, Vaclav; Krivanek, Jiri; Keclik, Richard; Prochazkova, Helena; Hamal, Karel

    1990-07-01

    Percutaneous transluminal laser angioplasty with a pulsed Nd:YAG laser (1,064 nm wavelength, 100 jig pulse duration, up to 0.4 J per pulse, 10 Hz repetition rate) coupled to optical fibers with sapphire tips of 1.8, 2.2 and 2.9 mm diameter was performed in 17 chronic occlusions of iliac, femoral, popliteal and fibular arteries in 15 patients. Clinically the procedure was successful in 14 cases. The probe formed a primary channel of at least 2.0 mm width which was further dilated by conventional balloon catheter. Ankle/brachial systolic pressure index (ABPI) increased from 0.46 0.13 to 0.84 0.21 after the procedure. Two failures were due to an extensive dissection which occurred after balloon angioplasty and resulted in an early reocclusion. In the remaining case a balloon catheter could not be introduced through the 30 cm long primary channel which reoccluded shortly after the recanalization. The initial patency rate was 82 % and in 5 patients followed for more then 6 months the ABPI showed only a minor decrease. These first results are encouraging and it is likely that this method could become an important alternative to conventional balloon angioplasty.

  1. Tumor Seeding of Percutaneous Nephrostomy Tract from Urothelial Carcinoma of the Kidney

    PubMed Central

    Welliver, R. C.; Nazeer, Tipu; Kaufman, Ronald P.

    2013-01-01

    Urothelial carcinoma (UC) of the renal pelvis has been rarely shown to metastasize to the skin. Tumor seeding from iatrogenic procedures is a source of spreading of UC to the skin. We herein present a case of primary UC of the renal pelvis with spreading to the skin from a percutaneous nephrostomy tract. PMID:24288648

  2. Fluoroscopy guided percutaneous renal access in prone position.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Gyanendra R; Maheshwari, Pankaj N; Sharma, Anshu G; Maheshwari, Reeta P; Heda, Ritwik S; Maheshwari, Sakshi P

    2015-03-16

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a very commonly done procedure for management of renal calculus disease. Establishing a good access is the first and probably the most crucial step of this procedure. A proper access is the gateway to success. However, this crucial step has the steepest learning curve for, in a fluoroscopy guided access, it involves visualizing a three dimensional anatomy on a two dimensional fluoroscopy screen. This review describes the anatomical basis of the renal access. It provides a literature review of all aspects of percutaneous renal access along with the advances that have taken place in this field over the years. The article describes a technique to determine the site of skin puncture, the angle and depth of puncture using a simple mathematical principle. It also reviews the common problems faced during the process of puncture and dilatation and describes the ways to overcome them. The aim of this article is to provide the reader a step by step guide for percutaneous renal access. PMID:25789297

  3. Fluoroscopy guided percutaneous renal access in prone position

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Gyanendra R; Maheshwari, Pankaj N; Sharma, Anshu G; Maheshwari, Reeta P; Heda, Ritwik S; Maheshwari, Sakshi P

    2015-01-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a very commonly done procedure for management of renal calculus disease. Establishing a good access is the first and probably the most crucial step of this procedure. A proper access is the gateway to success. However, this crucial step has the steepest learning curve for, in a fluoroscopy guided access, it involves visualizing a three dimensional anatomy on a two dimensional fluoroscopy screen. This review describes the anatomical basis of the renal access. It provides a literature review of all aspects of percutaneous renal access along with the advances that have taken place in this field over the years. The article describes a technique to determine the site of skin puncture, the angle and depth of puncture using a simple mathematical principle. It also reviews the common problems faced during the process of puncture and dilatation and describes the ways to overcome them. The aim of this article is to provide the reader a step by step guide for percutaneous renal access. PMID:25789297

  4. Percutaneous treatment of cervical and lumbar herniated disc.

    PubMed

    Kelekis, A; Filippiadis, D K

    2015-05-01

    Therapeutic armamentarium for symptomatic intervertebral disc herniation includes conservative therapy, epidural infiltrations (interlaminar or trans-foraminal), percutaneous therapeutic techniques and surgical options. Percutaneous, therapeutic techniques are imaging-guided, minimally invasive treatments for intervertebral disc herniation which can be performed as outpatient procedures. They can be classified in 4 main categories: mechanical, thermal, chemical decompression and biomaterials implantation. Strict sterility measures are a prerequisite and should include extensive local sterility and antibiotic prophylaxis. Indications include the presence of a symptomatic, small to medium sized contained intervertebral disc herniation non-responding to a 4-6 weeks course of conservative therapy. Contraindications include sequestration, infection, segmental instability (spondylolisthesis), uncorrected coagulopathy or a patient unwilling to provide informed consent. Decompression techniques are feasible and reproducible, efficient (75-94% success rate) and safe (>0.5% mean complications rate) therapies for the treatment of symptomatic intervertebral disc herniation. Percutaneous, imaging guided, intervertebral disc therapeutic techniques can be proposed either as an initial treatment or as an attractive alternative prior to surgery for the therapy of symptomatic herniation in both cervical and lumbar spine. This article will describe the mechanism of action for different therapeutic techniques applied to intervertebral discs of cervical and lumbar spine, summarize the data concerning safety and effectiveness of these treatments, and provide a rational approach for the therapy of symptomatic intervertebral disc herniation in cervical and lumbar spine. PMID:24673977

  5. Percutaneous penetration through slightly damaged skin

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jesper B. Nielsen

    2005-01-01

    Guidelines for experimental studies of percutaneous penetration prescribe optimal barrier integrity of the skin. The barrier integrity of the skin exposed in occupational or household situations is, however, not always ideal, and skin problems are among the most dominant reasons for absence from work. We have therefore evaluated an experimental model for percutaneous penetration through slightly damaged skin. The influence

  6. Percutaneous repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark D Morasch; Melina R Kibbe; Mary E Evans; Wendy S Meadows; Mark K Eskandari; Jon S Matsumura; William H Pearce

    2004-01-01

    ObjectivePercutaneous treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is feasible, but is associated with a unique set of risks. A comparison of Excluder endograft deployment with femoral artery cutdown (FAC) versus percutaneous femoral access (PFA) for treatment of infrarenal AAA was undertaken.

  7. Percutaneous aspiration of fluid for management of peritonitis in space

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kirkpatrick, A. W.; Nicolaou, S.; Campbell, M. R.; Sargsyan, A. E.; Dulchavsky, S. A.; Melton, S.; Beck, G.; Dawson, D. L.; Billica, R. D.; Johnston, S. L.; Hamilton, D. R.

    2002-01-01

    BACKGROUND: As a medical emergency that can affect even well-screened, healthy individuals, peritonitis developing during a long-duration space exploration mission may dictate deviation from traditional clinical practice due to the absence of otherwise indicated surgical capabilities. Medical management can treat many intra-abdominal processes, but treatment failures are inevitable. In these circumstances, percutaneous aspiration under sonographic guidance could provide a "rescue" strategy. Hypothesis: Sonographically guided percutaneous aspiration of intra-peritoneal fluid can be performed in microgravity. METHODS: Investigations were conducted in the microgravity environment of NASA's KC-135 research aircraft (0 G). The subjects were anesthetized female Yorkshire pigs weighing 50 kg. The procedures were rehearsed in a terrestrial animal lab (1 G). Colored saline (500 mL) was introduced through an intra-peritoneal catheter during flight. A high-definition ultrasound system (HDI-5000, ATL, Bothell, WA) was used to guide a 16-gauge needle into the peritoneal cavity to aspirate fluid. RESULTS: Intra-peritoneal fluid collections were easily identified, distinct from surrounding viscera, and on occasion became more obvious during weightless conditions. Subjectively, with adequate restraint of the subject and operators, the procedure was no more demanding than during the 1-G rehearsals. CONCLUSIONS: Sonographically guided percutaneous aspiration of intra-peritoneal fluid collections is feasible in weightlessness. Treatment of intra-abdominal inflammatory conditions in spaceflight might rely on pharmacological options, backed by sonographically guided percutaneous aspiration for the "rescue" of treatment failures. While this risk mitigation strategy cannot guarantee success, it may be the most practical option given severe resource limitations.

  8. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography in the investigation of the persistent postoperative bile leak

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Caroline M. Kissin; Alan Grundy

    1987-01-01

    Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTHC) is now a widely available, inexpensive investigation with a low incidence of complications, especially in the nonobstructed system, and a high success rate. Its role in the management of obstructive jaundice is well established but it is only infrequently performed in the investigation of persistent bile leakage following biliary tract surgery. Four cases are reported in

  9. Sclerotic vertebral metastases: pain palliation using percutaneous image-guided cryoablation.

    PubMed

    de Freitas, Ricardo Miguel Costa; de Menezes, Marcos Roberto; Cerri, Giovanni Guido; Gangi, Afshin

    2011-02-01

    Cryoablative therapies have been proposed to palliate pain from soft-tissue or osteolytic bone tumors. A case of a patient with painful thoracic and sacral spine sclerotic metastases successfully treated by image-guided percutaneous cryoablation with the aid of insulation techniques and thermosensors is reported in this case report. PMID:21170528

  10. Retrieval of Cement Embolus from Inferior Vena Cava After Percutaneous Vertebroplasty

    SciTech Connect

    Athreya, S., E-mail: sathreya@stjoes.c [St. Joseph's Healthcare, Department of Radiology (Canada); Mathias, N. [Gartnavel General Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Rogers, P. [Gartnavel General Hospital, Department of Surgery (United Kingdom); Edwards, R. [Gartnavel General Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

    2009-07-15

    Percutaneous vertebroplasty is an accepted treatment for painful vertebral compression fractures caused by osteoporosis and malignant disease. Venous leakage of cement and pulmonary cement embolism have been reported complications. We describe a paravertebral venous cement leak resulting in the deposition of a cement cast in the inferior vena cava and successful retrieval of the cement embolus.

  11. Percutaneous Endoscopic Retrieval and Replacement of a Knitted (Ultraflex) Biliary Stent

    SciTech Connect

    Sawada, Satoshi [Department of Radiology, University Hospital of the Ryukyus, 207 Uehara, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-01 (Japan); Kobayashi, Masami [Department of Radiology, Tottori University Hospital, 36-1 Nishimachi, Yonago 683 (Japan); Tanigawa, Noboru; Okuda, Yoshikazu; Mishima, Kazuya; Ohmura, Naoto; Kobayashi, Midori [Department of Radiology, University Hospital of the Ryukyus, 207 Uehara, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-01 (Japan)

    1997-09-15

    A knitted (Ultraflex) biliary stent became obstructed after 5 months causing recurrent jaundice in a 92-year-old man with pancreatic cancer. The obstructed stent was successfully removed percutaneously by retrieval forceps under guidance by an 8.4 Fr fiberoptic biliary endoscope. A new stent was placed. No complications were encountered.

  12. A Study on the Outcome of Percutaneous Transluminal Renal Angioplasty in Patients with Renal Failure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Louis Roussos; Anders Christensson; Olof Thompson

    2006-01-01

    Background: The indications for percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) in renovascular disease, as well as its benefits, remain a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of angioplasty and to identify risk factors associated with less successful outcomes in patients with atheromatous renal artery stenosis and renal failure of varying degrees. Methods: The results

  13. Retrieval of a Partially Degloved Stent Strut During Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Woohyeun; Kim, Yong Hyun; Kim, Seong Hwan; Ahn, Jeong Chun; Song, Woo Hyuk

    2012-01-01

    Although stent entrapment is a rare event during percutaneous coronary intervention, stent entrapment can cause stent breakage or loss, which results in fatal complications such as stent embolism or acute myocardial infarction. We report one case of stent entrapment that was successfully treated by a snare via a contralateral transfemoral approach. PMID:22977756

  14. Sclerotic Vertebral Metastases: Pain Palliation Using Percutaneous Image-Guided Cryoablation

    SciTech Connect

    Costa de Freitas, Ricardo Miguel, E-mail: ricardomcfreitas@gmail.com; Menezes, Marcos Roberto de [Instituto do Cancer do Estado de Sao Paulo, Department of Radiology (Brazil); Cerri, Giovanni Guido [Sirio Libanes Hospital, Department of Radiology (Brazil); Gangi, Afshin [Strasbourg University Hospital, Department of Radiology (France)

    2011-02-15

    Cryoablative therapies have been proposed to palliate pain from soft-tissue or osteolytic bone tumors. A case of a patient with painful thoracic and sacral spine sclerotic metastases successfully treated by image-guided percutaneous cryoablation with the aid of insulation techniques and thermosensors is reported in this case report.

  15. Percutaneous Transthoracic Computed Tomography-Guided AICD Insertion in a Patient with Extracardiac Fontan Conduit

    SciTech Connect

    Murphy, Darra T., E-mail: darramurphy@me.com; Moynagh, Michael R. [Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Ireland); Walsh, Kevin P. [Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Department of Cardiology (Ireland); Noelke, Lars [Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, National Centre for Cardiothoracic Surgery (Ireland); Murray, John G. [Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Ireland)

    2011-02-15

    Percutaneous pulmonary venous atrial puncture was performed under computed tomography guidance to successfully place an automated implantable cardiac defibrillator into a 26-year-old patient with extracardiac Fontan conduit who had presented with two out-of-hospital cardiac arrests. The procedure avoided the need for lead placement at thoracotomy.

  16. Retrieval of Cement Embolus from Inferior Vena Cava After Percutaneous Vertebroplasty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Athreya; N. Mathias; P. Rogers; R. Edwards

    2009-01-01

    Percutaneous vertebroplasty is an accepted treatment for painful vertebral compression fractures caused by osteoporosis and malignant disease. Venous leakage of cement and pulmonary cement embolism have been reported complications. We describe a paravertebral venous cement leak resulting in the deposition of a cement cast in the inferior vena cava and successful retrieval of the cement embolus.

  17. Injury of the ileum during percutaneous nephrolithotomy in a pediatric patient

    PubMed Central

    Saad, Karim S. M.; Hanno, Ahmed; El-Nahas, Ahmed R.

    2014-01-01

    Ileum injury during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is an extremely rare complication. We describe the successful management of an inadvertently injured ileum during subcostal PCNL in a 12-year-old boy. Mechanism of injury, presentation and management will be discussed. PMID:24678367

  18. Percutaneous coronary intervention in the elderly with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

    PubMed Central

    Gao, Lei; Hu, Xin; Liu, Yu-Qi; Xue, Qiao; Feng, Quan-Zhou

    2014-01-01

    As a result of increased life expectancy, octogenarians constitute an increasing proportion of patients admitted to hospital for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Primary percutaneous coronary intervention is currently the treatment of choice for octogenarians presenting with STEMI. The recent literature on this topic has yielded controversial results, even though advances in drug-eluting stents and new types of antithrombotic agents are improving the management of STEMI and postoperative care. In this paper, we review the current status of percutaneous coronary intervention in the elderly with STEMI, including the reasons for their high mortality and morbidity, predictors of mortality, and strategies to improve outcomes. PMID:25114518

  19. Practice guidelines for ultrasound-guided percutaneous microwave ablation for hepatic malignancy

    PubMed Central

    Liang, Ping; Yu, Jie; Lu, Ming-De; Dong, Bao-Wei; Yu, Xiao-Ling; Zhou, Xiao-Dong; Hu, Bing; Xie, Ming-Xing; Cheng, Wen; He, Wen; Jia, Jian-Wen; Lu, Guo-Rong

    2013-01-01

    Primary liver cancer and liver metastases are among the most frequent malignancies worldwide, with an increasing number of new cases and deaths every year. Traditional surgery is only suitable for a limited proportion of patients and imaging-guided percutaneous thermal ablation has achieved optimistic results for management of hepatic malignancy. This synopsis outlines the first clinical practice guidelines for ultrasound-guided percutaneous microwave ablation therapy for hepatic malignancy, which was created by a joint task force of the Society of Chinese Interventional Ultrasound. The guidelines aim at standardizing the microwave ablation procedure and therapeutic efficacy assessment, as well as proposing the criteria for the treatment candidates. PMID:24023485

  20. Percutaneous Treatment of Central Venous Stenosis in Hemodialysis Patients: Long-Term Outcomes

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Young Chul; Won, Jong Yun, E-mail: jywon@yumc.yonsei.ac.kr; Choi, Sun Young; Ko, Heung-kyu; Lee, Kwang-Hun; Lee, Do Yun [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiological Science (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Byung-Chul [Ewha Woman's University, Department of Radiology, College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Seung-Jung [Ewha Woman's University, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-03-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of endovascular treatment of central venous stenosis in patients with arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) for hemodialysis. Five hundred sixty-three patients with AVFs who were referred for a fistulogram were enrolled in this study. Among them, 44 patients showed stenosis (n = 35) or occlusions (n = 9) in the central vein. For the initial treatment, 26 patients underwent percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and 15 patients underwent stent placements. Periods between AVF formation and first intervention ranged from 3 to 144 months. Each patient was followed for 14 to 60 months. Procedures were successful in 41 of 44 patients (93.2%). Primary patency rates for PTA at 12 and 36 months were 52.1% and 20.0%, and assisted primary patency rates were 77.8% and 33.3%, respectively. Primary patency rates for stent at 12 and 36 months were 46.7% and 6.7%, and assisted primary patency rates were 60.0% and 20.0%, respectively. Fifteen of 26 patients with PTAs underwent repeated interventions because of restenosis. Fourteen of 15 patients with a stent underwent repeated interventions because of restenosis and combined migration (n = 1) and shortening (n = 6) of the first stent. There was no significant difference in patency between PTAs and stent placement (p > 0.05). Average AVF patency duration was 61.8 months and average number of endovascular treatments was 2.12. In conclusion, endovascular treatments of central venous stenosis could lengthen the available period of AVFs. There was no significant difference in patency between PTAs and stent placement.

  1. Percutaneous Transhepatic Cutting Balloon Papillotomy for Removal of Common Bile Duct Stones

    SciTech Connect

    Oguzkurt, Levent, E-mail: loguzkurt@yahoo.com; Ozkan, Ugur; Gumus, Burcak [Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Turkey)

    2009-09-15

    We report the case of a 66-year-old female who presented with jaundice secondary to recurrent adenocarcinoma of the gallbladder and several common bile duct stones. Percutaneous papillary dilatation was planned to remove the common bile duct stones. Papilla was dilated through the percutaneous approach with an 8-mm peripheral cutting balloon instead of a standard balloon. All the stones were pushed successfully into the duodenum with a saline flush. No complications were encountered. Use of a peripheral cutting balloon for dilatation of the papilla seems to be safe and effective because it has the advantage of controlled incision and dilatation of the target at low pressures.

  2. Percutaneous ethanol embolization and cement augmentation of aggressive vertebral hemangiomas at two adjacent vertebral levels.

    PubMed

    Cianfoni, Alessandro; Massari, Francesco; Dani, Genta; Lena, Jonathan R; Rumboldt, Zoran; Vandergrift, William A; Bonaldi, Giuseppe

    2014-10-01

    This report describes a case of successful percutaneous direct-puncture ethanol embolization, followed by vertebroplasty, of an aggressive vertebral hemangioma (VH) involving two adjacent thoracic vertebral levels. In this case, the 78-year-old male patient presented with a 6-month history of progressive paraparesis due to spinal cord compression by a T8-T9 VH with an extensive epidural component. Follow-up demonstrated epidural component shrinkage with complete regression of symptoms at 3 months. This case suggests that exclusive percutaneous treatment may be considered for symptomatic VH even when two adjacent vertebral levels are affected. PMID:23419714

  3. Replacement of Mushroom Cage Gastrostomy Tube Using a Modified Technique to Allow Percutaneous Replacement with an Endoscopic Tube in Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    SciTech Connect

    Ammar, Thoraya [King's College Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Rio, Alan [King's College Hospital, Department of Dietetics (United Kingdom); Ampong, Mary Ann [King's College Hospital, Department of Neurosciences (United Kingdom); Sidhu, Paul S., E-mail: paulsidhu@nhs.ne [King's College Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

    2010-06-15

    Radiologic inserted gastrostomy (RIG) is the preferred method in our institution for enteral feeding in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Skin-level primary-placed mushroom cage gastrostomy tubes become tight with weight gain. We describe a minimally invasive radiologic technique for replacing mushroom gastrostomy tubes with endoscopic mushroom cage tubes in ALS. All patients with ALS who underwent replacement of a RIG tube were included. Patients were selected for a modified replacement when the tube length of the primary placed RIG tube was insufficient to allow like-for-like replacement. Replacement was performed under local anesthetic and fluoroscopic guidance according to a preset technique, with modification of an endoscopic mushroom cage gastrostomy tube to allow percutaneous placement. Assessment of the success, safety, and durability of the modified technique was undertaken. Over a 60-month period, 104 primary placement mushroom cage tubes in ALS were performed. A total of 20 (19.2%) of 104 patients had a replacement tube positioned, 10 (9.6%) of 104 with the modified technique (male n = 4, female n = 6, mean age 65.5 years, range 48-85 years). All tubes were successfully replaced using this modified technique, with two minor complications (superficial wound infection and minor hemorrhage). The mean length of time of tube durability was 158.5 days (range 6-471 days), with all but one patient dying with a functional tube in place. We have devised a modification to allow percutaneous replacement of mushroom cage gastrostomy feeding tubes with minimal compromise to ALS patients. This technique allows tube replacement under local anesthetic, without the need for sedation, an important consideration in ALS.

  4. Percutaneous Transcatheter Ethanol Sclerotherapy and Catheter Drainage of Postoperative Pelvic Lymphoceles

    SciTech Connect

    Akhan, Okan, E-mail: musturayk@yahoo.com; Karcaaltincaba, Musturay; Ozmen, Mustafa N.; Akinci, Devrim [Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Karcaaltincaba, Deniz; Ayhan, Ali [Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Turkey)

    2007-04-15

    The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy and long-term results of percutaneous transcatheter ethanol sclerotherapy (PTES) for postoperative pelvic lymphocele treatment. Fifty-two patients who were referred for lymphocele treatment were included in this study. Sixty lymphoceles of 52 patients were treated by percutaneous treatment with or without ethanol sclerotherapy. Lymphoceles developed in 47 and 5 patients, who underwent gynecologic malignancy operation (31 ovarian cancer, 6 cervix cancer, 10 endometrial cancer) and renal transplantation, respectively. Lymphoceles were catheterized by ultrasonography and fluoroscopy guidance using the Seldinger technique. Lymphoceles smaller than 150 mL underwent single-session ethanol sclerotherapy and the others were treated by multiple-session ethanol scleortherapy. In 10 patients, percutaneous ethanol sclerotherapy could not be performed and they were treated only by percutaneous catheter drainage. The mean lymphocele volume was 329 mL (15-2900 mL). The mean catheterization duration was 11.8 days (1-60 days). The mean follow up time was 25.8 months (2-64 months). The initial treatment was successful in 46 out of 50 (91%) lymphoceles treated with PTES and 7 out of 10 (70%) lymphoceles treated with percutaneous catheter drainage. Minor complications (secondary infection and catheter dislodgement) were noted in seven (11.6%) patients. Recurrence developed in four and three patients who were treated by PTES and percutaneous catheter drainage, respectively. Five of these patients were treated with PTES without further recurrence. Percutaneous transcatheter ethanol sclerotherapy is an effective and reliable method for the treatment of postoperative lymphoceles.

  5. Current status of percutaneous vertebroplasty and percutaneous kyphoplasty – a review

    PubMed Central

    Yimin, Yang; Zhiwei, Ren; Wei, Ma; Jha, Rajiv

    2013-01-01

    Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV) and kyphoplasty (PK) are the 2 vertebral augmentation procedures that have emerged as minimally invasive surgical options to treat painful vertebral compression fractures (VCF) during the last 2 decades. VCF may either be osteoporotic or tumor-associated. Two hundred million women are affected by osteoporosis globally. Vertebral fracture may result in acute pain around the fracture site, loss of vertebral height due to vertebral collapse, spinal instability, and kyphotic deformity. The main goal of the PV and PK procedures is to give immediate pain relief to patients and restore the vertebral height lost due to fracture. In percutaneous vertebroplasty, bone cement is injected through a minimal incision into the fractured site. Kyphoplasty involves insertion of a balloon into the fractured site, followed by inflation-deflation to create a cavity into which the filler material is injected, and the balloon is taken out prior to cement injection. This literature review presents a qualitative overview on the current status of vertebral augmentation procedures, especially PV and PK, and compares the efficacy and safety of these 2 procedures. The review consists of a brief history of the development of these 2 techniques, a discussion on the current research on the bone cement, clinical outcome of the 2 procedures, and it also sheds light on ongoing and future research to maximize the efficacy and safety of vertebral augmentation procedures. PMID:24097261

  6. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. Critical assessment of preliminary results.

    PubMed

    Campolo, L; Casolo, F; Pirelli, S; Inglese, E

    1984-09-01

    Since June 1981 until July 1983, 40 percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty procedures in 38 patients have been performed. Results in the whole series are as follows: stenosis crossed in 33 patients (83%); balloon inflation done in 31 (78%), not done in 2 due to clinical instability induced by crossing of the stenosis; successful dilatation obtained in 25 patients (63%); emergency bypass surgery in 6 patients (15%) with 2 perioperative myocardial infarctions; no deaths. The whole series can be subdivided in two groups by the following parameters: premedication by nitrates (A) or by verapamil (B); temporal concentration of the procedures: 1/month up to February 83 (A), 3.7/month thereafter (B). Results are different in the two groups: 21 attempts in 21 patients: stenosis crossed in 14 cases (67%), balloon inflated in 12 (57%), successful dilatation obtained in 8 patients (38%), emergency bypass in 5 patients (24%). 19 attempts in 17 patients (2 vessel angioplasty in 2 patients): stenosis crossed and balloon inflated in 19 (100%), successful dilatation in 17 cases (89%), uncomplicated emergency bypass in 1 patient (5%). On the basis of personal more recent results an optimistic attitude towards the percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty is justified. PMID:6239803

  7. Comparison Of Percutaneous Laser Discectomy With Other Modalities For The Treatment Of Herniated Lumbar Discs And Cadaveric Studies Of Percutaneous Laser Discectomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johansen, W. E.; Smith, Chadwick F.; Vangsness, Thomas; McEleney, Emmett T.; Yamaguchi, Ken; Bales, Peter

    1987-03-01

    Current modalities for treating a herniated lumbar disc include standard open discectomy, microsurgical discectomy, chemonucleoysis and percutaneous discectomy. The Food and Drug Administration has not yet approved percutaneous laser discectomy for clinical investigation. The investigators believe that percutaneous laser discectomy combines the efficacy of both chemonucleoysis and percutaneous discectomy with the safety of both open standard discectomy and microsurgical discectomy. The investigators removed two lumbar discs from a cadaveric spine and weighed each of them. The two lumbar discs weighed in the range of 13.654 grams and 15.713 grams, respectively. The investigators initiated several series of 10 firing cycles from a surgical carbon dioxide laser system. In each firing cycle the surgical carbon dioxide laser system delivered a beam of light energy having an output power of 18.0 watts at pulse duration of 0.045 second at the rate of 15 pulses per second for a period of 6 seconds and vaporized approximately 325 milligrams of disc material. Based on the findings of other investigators reported in the literature relating to percutaneous discectomy the investigators postulated that 10 to 20 firing cycles are required to vaporize 30 to 40% (2.4 to 6.4 grams) of the disc material. The investigators initiated two series of 10 firing cycles in order to perform laser discectomy in a third lumbar disc of the cadaveric spine in situ. The investigators harvested and then bisected the laser-treated third lumbar disc for gross review. Their gross findings indicated a high probability of success For percutaneous laser discectomy.

  8. Percutaneous Retrieval of Misplaced Intravascular Foreign Objects with the Dormia Basket: An Effective Solution

    SciTech Connect

    Sheth, Rahul [Sir H.N. Hospital, Department of Interventional Radiology (India)], E-mail: rahulsheth1@gmail.com; Someshwar, Vimal [Lilavati Hospital, Department of Interventional Radiology (India); Warawdekar, Gireesh [Holy Family Hospital, Department of Interventional Radiology (India)

    2007-02-15

    Purpose. We report our experience of the retrieval of intravascular foreign body objects by the percutaneous use of the Gemini Dormia basket. Methods. Over a period of 2 years we attempted the percutaneous removal of intravascular foreign bodies in 26 patients. Twenty-six foreign bodies were removed: 8 intravascular stents, 4 embolization coils, 9 guidewires, 1 pacemaker lead, and 4 catheter fragments. The percutaneous retrieval was achieved with a combination of guide catheters and the Gemini Dormia basket. Results. Percutaneous retrieval was successful in 25 of 26 patients (96.2%). It was possible to remove all the intravascular foreign bodies with a combination of guide catheters and the Dormia basket. No complication occurred during the procedure, and no long-term complications were registered during the follow-up period, which ranged from 6 months to 32 months (mean 22.4 months overall). Conclusion. Percutaneous retrieval is an effective and safe technique that should be the first choice for removal of an intravascular foreign body.

  9. A novel vacuum assisted closure therapy model for use with percutaneous devices.

    PubMed

    Cook, Saranne J; Nichols, Francesca R; Brunker, Lucille B; Bachus, Kent N

    2014-06-01

    Long-term maintenance of a dermal barrier around a percutaneous prosthetic device remains a common clinical problem. A technique known as Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT) uses negative pressure to facilitate healing of impaired and complex soft tissue wounds. However, the combination of using negative pressure with percutaneous prosthetic devices has not been investigated. The goal of this study was to develop a methodology to apply negative pressure to the tissues surrounding a percutaneous device in an animal model; no tissue healing outcomes are presented. Specifically, four hairless rats received percutaneous porous coated titanium devices implanted on the dorsum and were bandaged with a semi occlusive film dressing. Two of these animals received NPWT; two animals received no NPWT and served as baseline controls. Over a 28-day period, both the number of dressing changes required between the two groups as well as the pressures were monitored. Negative pressures were successfully applied to the periprosthetic tissues in a clinically relevant range with a manageable number of dressing changes. This study provides a method for establishing, maintaining, and quantifying controlled negative pressures to the tissues surrounding percutaneous devices using a small animal model. PMID:24685323

  10. Comparison of Cockcroft-Gault and modification of diet in renal disease formulas as predictors of cardiovascular outcomes in patients with myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Ekmekci, Ahmet; Uluganyan, Mahmut; Gungor, Baris; Tufan, Fatih; Cekirdekci, Elif Iclal; Ozcan, Kazim Serhan; Erer, Hatice Betul; Orhan, Ahmet; Osmanov, Damir; Bozbay, Mehmet; Cicek, Gokhan; Sayar, Nurten; Eren, Mehmet

    2014-10-01

    We prospectively assessed the value of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) and Cockcroft-Gault (C-G) equations in predicting inhospital adverse outcomes after primary coronary intervention for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. We classified 647 patients into 3 categories according to eGFR, <60, 60 to 90, and >90 mL/min/1.73 m(2). The eGFRC-G classified 17 patients in the >90 mL/min/1.73 m(2) subgroup and 6 and 11 patients in the 60 to 90 and <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) subgroups, respectively. In multivariate analysis, patients with eGFRC-G < 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) had 19.5-fold (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.55-178) higher mortality risk and 5.48-fold (95% CI 1.75-24.21) higher major adverse cardiac events risk compared to patients with eGFRC-G >90 mL/min/1.73 m(2) (P = .01 and P = .01, respectively); the eGFRMDRD was not predictive. Although the MDRD equation more accurately estimates GFR in certain populations, the CG formula may be a better predictor of adverse events. PMID:24101712

  11. Latest Data Show Strong Fertility Center Offers Region's Best IVF Success Rates! The Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART), the primary organization of

    E-print Network

    Goldman, Steven A.

    Latest Data Show Strong Fertility Center Offers Region's Best IVF Success Rates! The Society Fertility Center surpasses the national average for IVF in women under 35 years of age. Over 51% of embryo transfers in women under age 35 resulted in live births. In fact, Strong Fertility Center's IVF success

  12. Study of treatment using percutaneous acetabuloplasty and interstitial implantation of 125I seeds for patients with metastatic periacetabular tumors

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background The periacetabular area is one of the primary sites of metastatic tumors, which often present as osteolytic bone destruction. Bone destruction in the acetabulum caused by metastatic tumors will cause hip pain and joint dysfunction. It results in decreased quality of life for patients. The aim of our study was to explore the clinical effect of metastatic periacetabular tumors treated with percutaneous cementoplasty and interstitial implantation of 125I seeds. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on 24 patients with metastatic periacetabular tumors who underwent combined therapy of percutaneous acetabuloplasty and interstitial implantation of 125I seeds between February 2003 and June 2011. There were 13 males and 11 females aged 19–80 years with a mean age of 57.3. The primary tumor site was the lung in eight cases, the breast in six, the prostate cancer in eight, and the liver in two. The amount of implanted 125I seeds was 12–20 seeds/person, with a mean of 16.5 seeds/person, and the matching peripheral dosage (MPD) was 80~100Gy. Routine postoperative chemotherapy and other combined treatments were applied to patients after the surgical operation. Changes in the Karnofsky Score(KPS), Harris Hip Score(Harris), and Visual Analog Scale(VAS) were observed during the follow-up period. Results The 24 patients’ operations were all successful. No major complications occurred. Complete pain relief was achieved in 58% (14 of 24) of patients, and pain reduction was achieved in the 42% remaining (10) patients. The mean duration of pain relief was 8.3 months. Pain recurred in one patient 3 months after surgery. Six patients had died and 18 patients were alive at the time of the 1-year follow-up. Comparing the KPS, Harris and VAS scores pre- and postoperativelyat 1, 6, and 12 months, the combined therapy method was significantly effective in metastatic periacetabular tumor patients (P<0.05). Conclusions Percutaneous cementoplasty with interstitial implantation of 125I seeds is an effective treatment method for metastatic periacetabular tumor patients, providing tumor resistance, pain relief, increased bone stability, and improved quality of life for patients. PMID:23164341

  13. Comparison of intrarenal pelvic pressure during micro-percutaneous nephrolithotomy and conventional percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

    PubMed

    Tepeler, Abdulkadir; Akman, Tolga; Silay, Mesrur Selcuk; Akcay, Muzaffer; Ersoz, Cevper; Kalkan, Senad; Armagan, Abdullah; Sarica, Kemal

    2014-06-01

    The micro-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (microperc) is a recently introduced percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) technique that is performed through a 4.8 Fr all-seeing needle. We aimed to measure the intrarenal pelvic pressure (IPP) during microperc and compare it with the levels of conventional PNL. A total of 20 patients with 1- to 3-cm renal calculi resistant to shock wave lithotripsy were treated either with microperc (Group-1, n: 10) or conventional PNL (Group-2, n: 10) by the same surgical team. The IPP was measured during different stages (entrance into the collecting system, stone fragmentation, and before termination) of the procedures by an urodynamic machine using the 6 Fr ureteral catheter. All the variables were statistically compared between the two groups. The demographic values of the patients were similar. The operation time and duration of hospitalization were significantly prolonged in conventional PNL group (p = 0.034, p = 0.01, respectively). The mean drop in hematocrit levels was significantly lower in microperc group (3.5 ± 1.5 vs. 1.8 ± 0.8; p = 0.004). The IPP was significantly higher in microperc group during all steps of the procedure. The highest level of the IPP was measured as 30.3 ± 3.9 and 20.1 ± 3.1 mmHg in Group 1 and Group 2, respectively (p < 0.0001). However, the complication and success rates were found comparable. In conclusion, we demonstrate that the level of IPP is significantly increased during microperc compared to conventional PNL. Microperc should be used cautiously in cases with impaired drainage of the collecting system. PMID:24522489

  14. Percutaneous cervical nucleoplasty in the treatment of cervical disc herniation

    PubMed Central

    Li, Jian; Zhang, Zai-Heng

    2008-01-01

    Percutaneous disc decompression procedures have been performed in the past. Various percutaneous techniques such as percutaneous discectomy, laser discectomy, and nucleoplasty have been successful. Our prospective study was directly to evaluate the results of percutaneous cervical nucleoplasty (PCN) surgery for cervical disc herniation, and illustrate the effectiveness of PCN in symptomatic patients who had cervical herniated discs. From July of 2002 to June of 2005, 126 consecutive patients with contained cervical disc herniations have presented at the authors’ clinic and treated by PCN. The patients’ gender distribution for PCN was 65 male, 61 female. The age of patients ranged from 34 to 66 years (mean 51.9 ± 10.2 years). The levels of involvement were 21 cases at C3–4, 30 cases at C4–5, 40 cases at C5–6, and 35 cases at C6–7. The clinical outcomes, pain reduction and the segment stability were all recorded during this study. A clinical outcome was quantified by the Macnab standard and using VAS. The angular displacement (AD) ?11° or horizontal displacement (HD) ?3 mm was considered to be radiographically unstable. In the results of this study, puncture of the needle into the disc space was accurately performed under X-ray guidance in all cases. There was one case where the Perc-D Spine Wand had broken in the disc space during the procedure. The partial Perc-D Spine Wand, which had broken in the disc space could not be removed by the percutaneous cervical discectomy and thus remained there. There were no recurrent cases or complications in our series. Macnab standard results were excellent in 62 cases, good in 41 cases and fair in 23 cases. The rate of excellent and good was 83.73%. The VAS scores demonstrated statistically significant improvement in PCN at the 2-week, 1, 3, 6, and 12-month follow-up visits when compared to preoperational values (P < 0.01). There were no cases of instability following the PCN procedure. There was no significant difference in stability either preoperatively or postoperatively (P > 0.05). Our findings confirm that PCN for the treatment of cervical disc herniation results in a good outcome without any tampering of the stability of the cervical spine. Hence, PCN as a procedure is safe, minimally invasive, less traumatic, requiring less time with an excellent clinical outcome. PCN should be performed for those patients who fail conservative medical management including medication, physical therapy, behavioral management, psychotherapy, and who are unwilling to undergo a more invasive technique such as spinal surgery. PMID:18830638

  15. Renal Subcapsular Hematoma after Percutaneous Transfemoral Angiography

    PubMed Central

    Yi, Jin-Seok; Lee, Hong-Jae; Yang, Ji-Ho

    2014-01-01

    Vascular complications after percutaneous angiography include hematoma, pseudoaneurysm, arteriovenous fistula, thromboembolism, arterial laceration and infection. Hematomas may occur in the groin, thigh, retroperitoneal, intraperitoneal, or abdominal wall. A 54-year-old female underwent percutaneous transfemoral angiography for the evaluation of cerebral aneurysm. Renal subcapsular hematoma developed 3 hours after the procedure. Renal subcapsular hematoma after percutaneous angiography is very rare. We investigated the possible causes of renal subcapsular hematoma. To avoid this rare complication, we need to perform guide-wire passage carefully from the beginning of the procedure under full visual monitoring. PMID:24653804

  16. Anatomical bases of percutaneous surgery for calculi in horseshoe kidney.

    PubMed

    Cussenot, O; Desgrandchamps, F; Ollier, P; Teillac, P; Le Duc, A

    1992-01-01

    Horseshoe kidney is a renal fusion which combines three anatomic abnormalities: ectopia, malrotation and vascular changes. These anomalies can be recognised separately to varying degrees in unfused kidneys. Necessary modifications of the standard technique for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) are directly deducible from analysis of the anatomic data of the imaging of horseshoe kidneys. We report our experience with 5 patients (7 kidneys) who underwent PNL for calculi in horseshoe kidneys. The percutaneous approach was performed under ultrasound and fluoroscopic monitoring. In situ disintegration by ultrasonic lithotripsy and nephrostomy drainage were necessary in all cases. Modifications of the standard PNL procedure are related to the anatomic changes. The lower abdominal position of a horseshoe kidney necessitates upper or middle calyceal puncture, while the malrotation necessitates a more posterior puncture. Monitoring of the puncture needle by fluoroscopy as it is advanced postero-anteriorly is more difficult and the risk of the surgeon's hand entering the radiation path is increased. The renal pelvis is deep and a long endoscope may be required. Aberrant segmental vessels may create potential hazards. The majority of problems in location can be avoided by use of an ultrasonically guided needle. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is the treatment of choice for calculi in horseshoe kidneys for the following reasons: the high incidence of recurrent lithiasis in horseshoe kidney and the complexity of repeated surgical approaches diminish the acceptable results of open surgery; difficulties in focussing on the calculi and drainage problems militate against the success of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL); PNL has a good success rate and the least morbidity. PMID:1440184

  17. Complications of Percutaneous Nephrostomy, Percutaneous Insertion of Ureteral Endoprosthesis, and Replacement Procedures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ioannis S. Kaskarelis; Marina G. Papadaki; Niki E. Malliaraki; Epaminondas D. Robotis; Katerina S. Malagari; Ploutarchos N. Piperopoulos

    2001-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of the present study was to record and identify the frequency of complications following percutaneous nephrostomy,\\u000a replacement of nephrostomy drains and percutaneous insertion of ureteral endoprostheses.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: During a 10-year period 341 patients were referred to our department with indications for percutaneous nephrostomy and\\/or\\u000a percutaneous insertion of a ureteral endoprosthesis, and a total of 1036 interventional procedures

  18. Clinical Relevance of the Primary Findings of the MTA: Success Rates Based on Severity of ADHD and ODD Symptoms at the End of Treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JAMES M. SWANSON; HELENA C. KRAEMER; STEPHEN P. HINSHAW; L. EUGENE ARNOLD; C. KEITH CONNERS; HOWARD B. ABIKOFF; WALTER CLEVENGER; MARK DAVIES; GLEN R. ELLIOTT; LAURENCE L. GREENHILL; LILY HECHTMAN; BETSY HOZA; PETER S. JENSEN; JOHN S. MARCH; JEFFREY H. NEWCORN; ELIZABETH B. OWENS; WILLIAM E. PELHAM; ELLEN SCHILLER; JOANNE B. SEVERE; STEVE SIMPSON; BENEDETTO VITIELLO; KAREN WELLS; TIMOTHY WIGAL; MIN WU

    2001-01-01

    ObjectivesTo develop a categorical outcome measure related to clinical decisions and to perform secondary analyses to supplement the primary analyses of the NIMH Collaborative Multisite Multimodal Treatment Study of Children With Attention-Deficit\\/Hyperactivity Disorder (MTA).

  19. Intraoperative patient selection for tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

    PubMed

    Lee, Joo Yong; Kim, Kyu Hyun; Man, Duek Kim; Chung, Doo Yong; Cho, Kang Su

    2014-01-01

    Abstract This study was conducted to report our experience of intraoperative patient selection for tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) based on a tentative decision-making algorithm. Thirty-four consecutive patients who were scheduled to undergo tubeless PCNL were included and medical records were obtained from a prospectively maintained database for these patients. After completion of PCNL, the nephrostomy site was observed with a safety guidewire in place. If there was no significant bleeding through the tract, tubeless PCNL was performed, and in cases with significant bleeding or other complications, nephrostomy catheter insertion was performed as usual. In 29 cases (85.3%), tubeless PCNL was performed according to our decision-making protocol. Mean stone size was 7.33 ± 9.35 cm(2). Mean hospital stay was 2.61 ± 1.01 days. The difference between preoperative and postoperative hemoglobin was 0.68 ± 1.22 g/dL (p > 0.05). Visual analog pain scale scores immediately post-operation, on postoperative day one and on the day of discharge were 4.62 ± 1.80, 3.25 ± 1.68 (postoperative day one vs. operative day; p = 0.001), and 1.87 ± 0.83 (the day of discharge vs. operative day; p = 0.001), respectively. The success rate with insignificant remnant stones was 85.2% and complete stone-free rate was 76.5%. In conclusion, tubeless PCNL was performed successfully with low complication rate and reduced pain score through our decision-making algorithm. PMID:25216439

  20. Shaving effects on percutaneous penetration: clinical implications.

    PubMed

    Hamza, Muhammad; Tohid, Hassaan; Maibach, Howard

    2014-11-01

    Abstract Context: Human/animal shaving biology. Objective: To assess the effect of shaving on percutaneous penetration and skin function. Methods: We screened 500+publications in Pub Med, Scopus, Cochrane Library and pertinent journals out of which only 17 were deemed relevant. Terms for searches included shaving and skin, percutaneous penetration and shaving, skin absorption and shaving, absorption of dyes and shaving, skin penetration, effects of shaving and absorption, shave and dyes, axillary shaving and stratum corneum, shaving and breast cancer, shaving and infections, etc. Result: Shaving appears to have an exaggerated effect on percutaneous absorption; however, some studies do not support this evidence. Conclusion: Shaving enhances percutaneous penetration of some chemicals; however this effect is species and chemical specific. Further investigations of chemicals of varying physio-chemical properties are mandated before a generalized theory can be promulgated. PMID:25363065

  1. Percutaneous nephrostomy — Indicational and technical considerations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leif Ekelund; Wilhelm Karp; Örjan Klefsgård; Eric Lindstedt; S. Björn Lundquist

    1980-01-01

    A series of 55 percutaneous nephrostomy patients is presented. Techniques and presently available catheter types are discussed\\u000a as well as the specific problems arising when the procedure is used for urinary diversion in neoplastic disease.

  2. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy. Initial placement by single endoscopic technique and long-term follow-up.

    PubMed Central

    Grant, J P

    1993-01-01

    Of 598 patients, 595 underwent placement of a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube using a single endoscopy technique and a polyurethane gastrostomy tube. Primary indications were altered mental status and dysphagia. All procedures were performed in the operating room, with 74 patients receiving general anesthesia and 524 intravenous sedatives with or without topical anesthesia. Average operating room time was 34 minutes. Of 208 patients with prior intra-abdominal surgery, 207 underwent successful placement. The overall complication rate was 4.9%, with a major complication rate of 1.3%. One death occurred from presumed leakage at the gastrostomy site with peritonitis. One hundred twenty patients subsequently died of causes unrelated to the gastrostomy tube after 75 +/- 164 days (range, 1 to 972). One hundred fifty-four patients recovered an adequate oral diet and had the PEG removed after 169 +/- 244 days (range, 6 to 1337). The remaining 319 patients continued to use their gastrostomy tube for 1532 +/- 411 days (range, 134 to 2251). The polyurethane gastrostomy tube has been very durable; none has required replacement because of deterioration. Images Figure 1. PMID:8439214

  3. Predictive Success Factors for CT-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of Pulmonary Lesions

    PubMed Central

    Guimarães, Marcos Duarte; Chojniak, Rubens; Gross, Jefferson L; Bitencourt, Almir G.V.

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Computed tomography-guided percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy of lung lesions is a simple, safe and reproducible procedure. Currently, it is widely used to diagnose lung lesions. However, different factors can influence the success rates of this procedure. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of radiological and procedural characteristics in predicting the success rates of computed tomography-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy of lung lesions. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was developed and involved 340 patients who were submitted to a consecutive series of 362 computed tomography-guided fine needle aspiration biopsies of lung lesions, between July 1996 and June 2004, using 22-gauge needles (Chiba). Variables such as the radiological characteristics of the lesions, secondary pulmonary radiological findings, and procedural techniques were studied. RESULTS: For this study, 304 (84%) fine needle aspiration biopsies of lung lesions provided sufficient material for cytological evaluation. The variables that predicted sufficient material for cytological evaluation were lesions larger than 40 mm (p=0.02), lesions on the superior lung lobes (p=0.02), and suspicion of primary lung malignancy (p=0.03). From the multivariate analysis, the only predictive variable for success of the biopsies was localization on the superior lobes (p=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Computed tomography-guided percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy of lung lesions showed greater rates of success in biopsies performed in patients with suspicion of primary lung malignancy, with lesions located in the superior lobes, and that have diameters equal to and larger than 40 mm. PMID:20037700

  4. Pulmonary Cement Embolism following Percutaneous Vertebroplasty

    PubMed Central

    Co?kun, Tuba; Acat, Murat; Onaran, Hilal; Gül, ?ule; Çetinkaya, Erdo?an

    2014-01-01

    Percutaneous vertebroplasty is a minimal invasive procedure that is applied for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral fractures. During vertebroplasty, the leakage of bone cement outside the vertebral body leads to pulmonary cement embolism, which is a serious complication of this procedure. Here we report a 48-year-old man who was admitted to our hospital with dyspnea after percutaneous vertebroplasty and diagnosed as pulmonary cement embolism. PMID:25580343

  5. Percutaneous absorption of uranium compounds.

    PubMed

    de Rey, B M; Lanfranchi, H E; Cabrini, R L

    1983-04-01

    Percutaneous absorption of soluble and insoluble uranium compounds has been induced in order to obtain information on penetration routes and the tissue injury produced by uranium salts. The high electron density of uranium provided a reliable way to visualize, by electron microscopy, the precise localization of the heavy compounds within the tissues. Few minutes after topical application of uranyl nitrate, dense deposits of uranium were observed at the epidermal barrier level. A few hours later, dense deposits were seen filling the intercellular spaces and were also scattered in the cytoplasm and nucleus. Mortality and body weight measurements indicated the high toxicity of uranyl nitrate and ammonium uranyl tricarbonate; uranyl acetate and ammonium diuranate were less toxic. As no penetration was achieved after uranium dioxide, no variations were detected on these parameters. PMID:6832127

  6. The effectiveness of percutaneous laser disc decompression for the prolapsed lumbar intervertebral disc

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mu, Ming Wei; Liu, Wei; Feng, Wei; Ma, Nan

    2009-07-01

    Objective: to investigate the role of associated factors in the effectiveness of laser treatment for prolapsed lumber intervertebral disc. Method: 302 prolapsed lumber intervertebral discs in 212 patients were treated with percutaneous laser disc decompression (PLDD). Patients were followed up by 12month, the associated factors which affecting the effectiveness of treatment, ie age, duration of illness were analyzed. Results: Punctual Success rate was 100%. After 12 month's follow up, 86% successful outcomes were obtained, in which 93% successful outcomes were obtained in patients less than 50 years old, 92% successful outcomes was obtained in the patients whose duration of illness less than 1 year.

  7. Successful ICSI in an azoospermic and kidney transplant man with type 1 primary hyperoxaluria and first histopathological testicular findings described in the literature.

    PubMed

    Balmori, C; Guillén, A; Montans, J; Bronet, F; García-Velasco, J A

    2015-02-01

    In this report, we describe for the first time a pregnancy using sperm retrieved from an azoospermic man with kidney transplant due to type I primary hyperoxaluria. It is the first case that we were able to find in the literature for both male infertility and hystopathologic findings. PMID:24456123

  8. Leadership for Change in the Primary Grades To Improve Student Achievement: A Report on the Success for All Children Principals' Academy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, Anne W.; Seppanen, Patricia S.

    The Principals' Academy, associated with the Success for All Children Initiative, grew out of the work and interest of participating superintendents. The initiative was designed to help members of the Forum for the American School Superintendent enhance their advocacy for children by addressing communitywide changes needed to ensure children's…

  9. [Successful Primary Endovascular Repair for Aortoesophageal Fistula due to Ruptured Tuberculous Pseudoaneurysm of the Thoracoabdominal Aorta;Report of a Case].

    PubMed

    Sato, Tomoaki; Hioki, Iwao; Morimoto, Tamotsu; Adachi, Katsutoshi; Tarukawa, Tomohito; Fujimoto, Hajime; Kato, Noriyuki

    2015-02-01

    We report a successful case of 50-year-old woman with aortoesophageal fistula due to tuberculous pseudoaneurysm of the thoracoabdominal aorta. We underwent endovascular repair with stent graft. Her clinical course improved without additional surgical repair or postoperative complications. The patient remains well at 3-year follow-up. PMID:25743360

  10. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography for choledocholithiasis after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery

    PubMed Central

    Milella, Marialessia; Alfa-Wali, Maryam; Leuratti, Luca; McCall, James; Bonanomi, Gianluca

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Gallstones are a common condition in bariatric patients after a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). The management of ductal stones is challenging due to the altered gastrointestinal anatomy. Various techniques have been reported to manage bile duct stones. PRESENTATION OF CASE We present the successful percutaneous trans hepatic management of common bile duct stones after LRYGB. One year after a LRYGB for morbid obesity, a 59-year-old female presented with acute cholecystitis. One month after laparoscopic cholecystectomy a 1 cm calculus was found within the distal CBD and patient underwent a percutaneous trans hepatic cholangiography under local anesthetic. This involved a right sided anterior segmental duct puncture. With the sphincter dilated to 10 mm, a balloon catheter was used to push the stone into the duodenum leaving an internal- external drain. Patient recovered completely at follow up. DISCUSSION Patients with morbid obesity have a higher incidence of gallstones. After LRYGB, the altered anatomy does not allow the conventional endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for choledocholithiasis. Various techniques have been reported as means of managing bile duct stones in LRYGB patients. These include a double balloon enteroscope-assisted ERCP, laparoscopic transgastric ERCP, laparoscopic or open biliary surgery and interventional radiology. We report a non-surgical approach using percutaneous transhepatic technique under local anesthetic that resulted effective and could be applied more extensively. CONCLUSION Due to the increase of global obesity, bariatric centers need to strategically plan resources such as interventional radiology in order to manage post LRYGB choledocholithiasis safely, efficiently and in a cost effective manner. PMID:24705194

  11. Sculpturing in Urology, or How to Make Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy Easier.

    PubMed

    Gadzhiev, Nariman; Brovkin, Sergei; Grigoryev, Vladislav; Tagirov, Nair; Korol, Valeriy; Petrov, Sergei

    2014-11-20

    Abstract Purpose: To investigate the usefulness of Plasticine biomodeling in surgical percutaneous management of complex renal stone. Patients and Methods: A total of 32 patients with complex renal stones (complete staghorn stones or partial staghorn stone with multiple caliceal stones) were included in this study from 2012 to 2013. Computed tomography (CT) urography with three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions was used as standard preoperative imaging in all patients. Preoperatively, Plasticine replication of the pelvicaliceal system was performed by the operating surgeon, based on the gathered 3D reconstructions. Then the model was taken to the operating room and used as a reference model in a sterile polyethylene bag during the operation. Results: Percutaneous renal access was achieved successfully in all cases. Twenty-nine (91%) patients were treated in the prone position and only 3 (9%) in supine position. There were 18 (56%) patients who had a single tract, 9 (28%) patients had two tracts, 3 (9%) patients had three tracts, and one (3%) patient needed four tracts. The mean operative time was 92 (±26) minutes. Second-look percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) was needed in 9 of 32 (28%) patients. All second-look sessions were performed in 2 to 3 days and/or on a normalized temperature. Six of 11 (54.5%) patients with complete staghorn stones needed a second-look PCNL session. Complete stone clearance was confirmed by low-dose CT, performed at 24 hours after surgery, in 89.4% of the patients treated by a single PCNL session and 82% in those who needed second-look sessions. The overall stone-free rate (SFR) in the study after second looks was 87.3%. Conclusions: The proposed Plasticine 3D model seems to provide better preoperative renal collecting system appreciation and to serve as a reference tool during the operation, which in turn might increase SFRs and lower the complications rate after PCNL. PMID:25321395

  12. Nitrogen-fixers Alnus and Lupinus influence soil characteristics but not colonization by later successional species in primary succession on Mount St. Helens

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jonathan H. Titus

    2009-01-01

    Changes to the primary successional environment caused by colonizing plants that present symbiotic associations with nitrogen-fixing\\u000a bacteria were investigated at two areas on Mount St. Helens. One area was occupied by alder (Alnus viridis) thickets and old lupine (Lupinus lepidus) patches and the other area by young lupine patches and pumice barrens. Alder thicket soils had higher levels for a few soil

  13. Severe aortic valve regurgitation after percutaneous ventricular septal defect closure.

    PubMed

    Fouilloux, Virginie; Kreitmann, Bernard

    2012-11-15

    Percutaneous closure of ventricular septal defect is now commonly used. We report a rare case, and especially a rare image of aortic leaflet damage caused by percutaneous ventricular septal device. PMID:22431277

  14. Effectiveness of percutaneous metal stent placement in cholangiocarcinoma patients with midterm follow-up: Single center experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fatih Kose; Levent Oguzkurt; Ayberk Besen; Taner Sumbul; Ahmet Sezer; Cemile Karadeniz; Umut Disel; Huseyin Mertsoylu; Ozgur Ozyilkan

    PurposePatients with advanced cholangiocarcinoma present with high rate of local complications. The primary aim of this study is to report clinical course of advanced cholangiocarcinoma patients those who were presented with biliary obstruction and treated with percutaneous biliary stenting.

  15. Why a successful task substitution in glaucoma care could not be transferred from a hospital setting to a primary care setting: a qualitative study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Healthcare systems are challenged by a demand that exceeds available resources. One policy to meet this challenge is task substitution-transferring tasks to other professions and settings. Our study aimed to explore stakeholders’ perceived feasibility of transferring hospital-based monitoring of stable glaucoma patients to primary care optometrists. Methods A case study was undertaken in the Rotterdam Eye Hospital (REH) using semi-structured interviews and document reviews. They were inductively analysed using three implementation related theoretical perspectives: sociological theories on professionalism, management theories, and applied political analysis. Results Currently it is not feasible to use primary care optometrists as substitutes for optometrists and ophthalmic technicians working in a hospital-based glaucoma follow-up unit (GFU). Respondents’ narratives revealed that: the glaucoma specialists’ sense of urgency for task substitution outside the hospital diminished after establishing a GFU that satisfied their professionalization needs; the return on investments were unclear; and reluctant key stakeholders with strong power positions blocked implementation. The window of opportunity that existed for task substitution in person and setting in 1999 closed with the institutionalization of the GFU. Conclusions Transferring the monitoring of stable glaucoma patients to primary care optometrists in Rotterdam did not seem feasible. The main reasons were the lack of agreement on professional boundaries and work domains, the institutionalization of the GFU in the REH, and the absence of an appropriate reimbursement system. Policy makers considering substituting tasks to other professionals should carefully think about the implementation process, especially in a two-step implementation process (substitution in person and in setting) such as this case. Involving the substituting professionals early on to ensure all stakeholders see the change as a normal step in the professionalization of the substituting professionals is essential, as is implementing the task substitution within the window of opportunity. PMID:23351180

  16. Does percutaneous nephrolithotomy cause elevated cardiac troponins?

    PubMed Central

    Shemirani, Hassan; Khanjani, Reza; Mohammadi-Sichani, Mehrdad; Mozafarpour, Sarah; Rabbani, Majid; Shahabi, Javad

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is the treatment of choice in large and staghorn renal stones, and myocardial infarction is one the possible complications during and after the surgery. We investigated if renal and skeletal muscle injury, caused by percutaneous nephrolithotomy, can cause elevation in cardiac troponins (cTn). METHODS This study was conducted on otherwise healthy patients with renal stone undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy. A baseline 12-lead electrocardiogram, echocardiography, and cTn assessment confirmed no cardiac pathology in any patients. Cardiac troponins T (cTnT) and I (cTnI), and also creatine kinase (CK) were assessed before and after surgery. RESULTS A total of 55 patients (69.1% males, mean age: 40.5 ± 13.8 year) were included. Serum creatinine level ranged from 0.7 to 1.3 mg/dl (mean = 1.03 ± 0.17). The level of CK was significantly increased by 469.5 ± 201.4 U/l (P < 0.001), and no positive cTnT or cTnI was observed after surgery. CONCLUSION The results of the present study showed that renal cell injury, caused by percutaneous nephrolithotomy, is not associated with elevated cardiac troponins. These findings show that increasing troponins in patients undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy indicate a cardiovascular pathology. PMID:24963313

  17. Mitral paravalvular leak: caution in percutaneous occluder device deployment.

    PubMed

    Altarabsheh, Salah Eldien; Deo, Salil V; Rihal, Charanjit S; Park, Soon J

    2013-02-01

    A frail 70-year-old woman presented with symptomatic mitral paravalvular leak 2 months after undergoing a double valve replacement for mixed mitral and aortic valve disease. There was no evidence of prosthetic valve endocarditis. Percutaneous closure of the paravalvular leak was attempted as an alternative to a high-risk surgical procedure. This therapy was successful in reducing the regurgitation but resulted in severe intravascular hemolysis and acute renal failure requiring hemodialysis.The development of new hemolysis and acute renal failure directed our attention to the Amplatzer device as a possible etiology for these complications. The assumption that her kidney injury was recent and likely reversible compelled us to think of the surgical method as a definitive option. A re-operative surgery was performed, which included retrieval of the occluder devices, pericardial patch repair, and re-replacement using a new biological prosthesis. The patient's urine output gradually improved, and the patient was dismissed with normal renal function.We present this case as an unusual complication of percutaneous device closure. It also highlights the reversible nature of acute renal failure due to intravascular hemolysis and demonstrates the importance of early surgical intervention for this condition. PMID:23439352

  18. Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of lung tumors with expandable needle electrodes: current status

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. D. Kelekis; L. Thanos; S. Mylona; N. Ptohis; K. Malagari; A. Nikita; J. Christodoulidou; N. Kelekis

    2006-01-01

    Percutaneous radiofrequency thermal ablation (RFA) has been used to treat primary and secondary liver tumors under ultrasound,\\u000a computed tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) guidance for the past decade [Park et al., Radiol Clin North\\u000a Am 38:545–561, 2000; Siperstein and Gotomirski, Cancer J 6:S293–S301, 2000; Kelekis et al., Eur Radiol 13:1100–1105, 2003]. RFA is a low-cost, minimally invasive treatment

  19. Percutaneous Vertebroplasty for Pain Management in Patients with Multiple Myeloma: Is Radiofrequency Ablation Necessary?

    SciTech Connect

    Orgera, Gianluigi [Sapienza Rome University, Department of Radiology, S. Andrea Hospital (Italy); Krokidis, Miltiadis, E-mail: mkrokidis@hotmail.com [Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Trust, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Matteoli, Marco; Varano, Gianluca Maria [Sapienza Rome University, Department of Radiology, S. Andrea Hospital (Italy); La Verde, Giacinto [Sapienza Rome University, Department of Medical Oncology, S. Andrea Hospital (Italy); David, Vincenzo; Rossi, Michele [Sapienza Rome University, Department of Radiology, S. Andrea Hospital (Italy)

    2013-05-08

    PurposeThis study was designed to investigate the added role of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) to vertebroplasty on the pain management of patients with multiple myeloma (MM).MethodsThirty-six patients (51–82 years) with vertebral localization of MM were randomly divided into two groups: 18 patients (group A) who underwent RFA and then vertebroplasty, and 18 patients (group B) who underwent only vertebroplasty. Primary endpoints were technical success and pain relief score rate measured by the visual analogue pain scores (VAS) and Roland–Morris Questionnaire (RMQ); secondary endpoint was the amount of administered analgesia. Survival and complications were compared.ResultsTechnical success was 100 % in both groups. The VAS score (at 24 h and 6 weeks postprocedure) decreased in equal manner for both groups from a mean of 9.1–3.4 and 2.0 for group A and from a mean of 9.3–3.0 and 2.3 for group B; RMQ mean score was 19.8 for group A and 19.9 for group B and decreased to a mean of 9.6 and 8.2 for group A and 9.5 and 8.7 for group B. The amount of medication was equally decreased in the two groups. No statistically significant difference was noted. No major complication occurred and two patients died from other causes.ConclusionsThe use of percutaneous vertebroplasty alone appears to be effective for the pain management of the patients with vertebral involvement of multiple myeloma. The use of RFA that includes cost and time does not offer any clear added benefit on the midterm pain management of such patients.

  20. Role of percutaneous needle core biopsy in diagnosis and clinical management of renal masses.

    PubMed

    Hu, Rong; Montemayor-Garcia, Celina; Das, Kasturi

    2015-04-01

    Percutaneous needle core biopsies are routinely performed for renal mass diagnosis in some institutions. Because of limited tissue availability, accurate diagnosis can be challenging, and the role of needle core biopsy (NCB) remains debatable in kidney tumor management. In the present study, we reported our experience in diagnosing renal masses via percutaneous NCB and the role it plays in clinical management of these masses. We studied 301 consecutive cases of percutaneous NCBs performed for 280 renal masses from 269 patients between year 2008 and 2011 by reviewing final pathology diagnosis, hematoxylin and eosin slides, and ancillary studies. Diagnostic accuracy was determined by comparing biopsy and nephrectomy diagnoses in a subset of renal masses. Clinical data including demographic information, clinical presentation, radiographic findings, and treatment information were reviewed subsequently if available. The size of renal masses in our study cohort ranged from 0.5 to 24 cm, and 78% of them were small renal masses. Definite diagnoses were rendered in 89% of the renal masses by NCBs, and 23% of them were benign. Renal mass NCB was 100% accurate in diagnosing primary renal malignancy and 93% accurate in determining histologic subtypes. Clinical management was analyzed for 180 renal masses. There was significant difference in clinical management between different diagnostic groups. We conclude that percutaneous NCB is a powerful tool not only for definite tissue diagnosis of renal masses before treatment but also plays an important role in guiding patient management and obtaining material for future molecular studies for targeted therapies. PMID:25666665

  1. [Successful treatment with combination of plasma exchange and chemotherapy for CD5-positive primary hepatosplenic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma complicated with acute liver injury].

    PubMed

    Sato, Masanori; Kuroda, Hiroyuki; Yoshida, Masahiro; Usami, Makoto; Abe, Tomoyuki; Sakurai, Tamaki; Fujii, Shigeyuki; Maeda, Masahiro; Fujita, Miri; Kanari, Yusuke; Matsuno, Teppei; Jomen, Wataru; Kato, Junji

    2014-08-01

    Primary hepatosplenic CD5-positive diffuse large B cell lymphoma (CD5? DLBCL) has recently been characterized as showing hepatosplenomegaly without lymphadenopathy, a portal and intrasinusoidal pattern of infiltration in the liver, and bone marrow invasion by lymphoma cells, without intravascular involvement. A 45-year-old man presented with fever and malaise in June 2013. Computed tomography showed hepatosplenomegaly and multiple liver tumors without lymphadenopathy. An ultrasonography-guided needle biopsy of the liver mass revealed portal and intrasinusoidal infiltration of CD5?CD20? lymphoma cells and large numbers of destroyed hepatocytes. These findings were diagnostic of primary hepatosplenic CD5? DLBCL. Upon admission, lymphoma cells also appeared in the peripheral blood and serum hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) was markedly elevated. A bone marrow biopsy revealed extensive invasion by lymphoma cells. Seven days after admission, his laboratory data showed elevated aminotransferase and serum creatinine levels. Therefore, dose-reduced CH(O)P, with rituximab (R-CHOP) therapy, plasma exchange, and continuous hemodiafiltration, was initiated. The patient achieved complete remission after 4 courses of R-CHOP therapy. HGF is useful for predicting acute liver damage. If the HGF level is high, remission induction therapy, with plasma exchange, is necessary at an early stage. PMID:25186486

  2. The importance of instrument type in paediatric percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

    PubMed

    Altintas, Ramazan; Oguz, Fatih; Tasdemir, Cemal; Beytur, Ali; Cimen, Serhan; Gunes, Ali; Colak, Cemil

    2014-04-01

    We reported our experience with percutaneous nephrolithotomy in children and compared the outcomes, including the morbidity and success rates, regarding the instruments of different sizes. One hundred and seventy-three paediatric patients, who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy in our clinic between 1999 and 2013, were assessed. According to the size of instruments used during surgery, three different groups were formed and the pre- and postopeartive outcomes were compared between the groups. 76 girls and 97 boys with a mean age of 9.24 (? 17) years were assessed. Stone-free rates were 75.6 % in group 1 (n = 82) using 17 F nephroscope, 79.4 % in group 2 (n = 73) using 24 F nephroscope and 72.2 % in group 3 (n = 18) using 26 F nephroscope. Postoperative fever was seen in four, five and one patient in group 1, 2 and 3, respectively. Urinary infection was seen in one patient in group 1 and four patients in group 2. Mean haematocrit drop and stone burden were significantly lesser in group 1. No significant difference was seen in the duration of nephrostomy and hospitalization between the groups. The success rates obtained in the groups using different instrument types (paediatric or adult) were similar. However, age, weight, height, stone burden and bleeding were significantly lesser in group 1 that used paediatric type of instrument. As the most frequent complication of PNL, bleeding seems to be associated with stone burden, the diameter of dilatation and the calibre of instrument. To decrease the particular complications, paediatric type of instruments are convenient and do not affect the success. PMID:24264889

  3. Percutaneous Laser Disc Decompression (PLDD): Experience and Results From Multiple Centers and 19,880 Procedures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paolo Tassi, Gian; Choy, Daniel S. J.; Hellinger, Johannes; Hellinger, Stefan; Lee, Sang-Ho

    2010-05-01

    In mid-February 1986, Peter Ascher and Daniel Choy performed the first Percutaneous Laser Disc Decompression (PLDD) at the Neurosurgical Department, University of Graz, Graz, Austria. It was planned to deliver 1000 joules with a Nd:YAG laser to a herniated L4-5 disc causing sciatica. At 600 joules the procedure was terminated because the pain was gone. Since then, PLDD has spread all over the world, with procedures being performed in the entire spine except for T1-T4 because these discs do not permit percutaneous access with a needle. The success rate has ranged from 70 to 89%, and the complication rate, chiefly discitis, from 0.3 to 1.0%. When successful, return to normal work averages one week. Long term follow-up to 23 years yields a recurrence rate of 4-5%.

  4. Computed tomography-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy in pancreatic tumor diagnosis

    PubMed Central

    Tyng, Chiang J; Almeida, Maria Fernanda A; Barbosa, Paula NV; Bitencourt, Almir GV; Berg, José Augusto AG; Maciel, Macello S; Coimbra, Felipe JF; Schiavon, Luiz Henrique O; Begnami, Maria Dirlei; Guimarães, Marcos D; Zurstrassen, Charles E; Chojniak, Rubens

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the techniques, results, and complications related to computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous core needle biopsies of solid pancreatic lesions. METHODS: CT-guided percutaneous biopsies of solid pancreatic lesions performed at a cancer reference center between January 2012 and September 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Biopsy material was collected with a 16-20 G Tru-Core needle (10-15 cm; Angiotech, Vancouver, CA) using a coaxial system and automatic biopsy gun. When direct access to the lesion was not possible, indirect (transgastric or transhepatic) access or hydrodissection and/or pneumodissection maneuvers were used. Characteristics of the patients, lesions, procedures, and histologic results were recorded using a standardized form. RESULTS: A total of 103 procedures included in the study were performed on patients with a mean age of 64.8 year (range: 39-94 year). The mean size of the pancreatic lesions was 45.5 mm (range: 15-195 mm). Most (75/103, 72.8%) procedures were performed via direct access, though hydrodissection and/or pneumodissection were used in 22.2% (23/103) of cases and indirect transhepatic or transgastric access was used in 4.8% (5/103) of cases. Histologic analysis was performed on all biopsies, and diagnoses were conclusive in 98.1% (101/103) of cases, confirming 3.9% (4/103) of tumors were benign and 94.2% (97/103) were malignant; results were atypical in 1.9% (2/103) of cases, requiring a repeat biopsy to diagnose a neuroendocrine tumor, and surgical resection to confirm a primary adenocarcinoma. Only mild/moderate complications were observed in 9/103 patients (8.7%), and they were more commonly associated with biopsies of lesions located in the head/uncinate process (n = 8), than of those located in the body/tail (n = 1) of the pancreas, but this difference was not significant. CONCLUSION: CT-guided biopsy of a pancreatic lesion is a safe procedure with a high success rate, and is an excellent option for minimally invasive diagnosis. PMID:25834323

  5. Percutaneous Pneumatic and Laser Lithotripsy as a Possible Therapeutic Strategy for Bilateral Large Calculi in a Horseshoe Kidney

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chikashi Seto; Kohji Satoh; Hiroshi Morishita; Kazuto Komatsu; Mikio Namiki

    2004-01-01

    This report concerns a case of bilateral large calculi in a horseshoe kidney. Three sessions of percutaneous nephrolithotripsy for the calculi successfully disintegrated and removed the fragments without any complications. For complete stone removal we used pneumatic and laser lithotriptors which were passed, respectively, through a rigid nephroscope and a flexible pyeloscope. It is emphasized that the selection of the

  6. Transcatheter closure of hypertensive ductus with amplatzer post infarction muscular VSD occluder after percutaneous retrieval of embolized amplatzer duct occluder

    PubMed Central

    Phadke, Milind S; Karur, Satish; Kerkar, Prafulla G

    2014-01-01

    Transcatheter closure of a large hypertensive patent ductus arteriosus is challenging with scant data about it. Even more challenging is retrieval of an embolized Amplatzer duct occluder. We report successful closure of a 12 mm large ductus with the Amplatzer muscular VSD occluder (post myocardial infarction) after percutaneous retrieval of the embolized, largest available, 16/14 mm Amplatzer duct occluder. PMID:24987259

  7. CT-guided percutaneous aspiration of Tarlov cyst as a useful diagnostic procedure prior to operative intervention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J.-Y. Lee; P. Impekoven; W. Stenzel; M. Löhr; R.-I. Ernestus; N. Klug

    2004-01-01

    Summary Tarlov or perineural cysts are lesions of the nerve root most often found in the sacral region. Several authors recommend surgical treatment of symptomatic Tarlov cysts. However, successful surgical treatment is dependent on appropriate patient selection. In this article, we report three cases of a sacral perineural cyst, causing sciatic pain, and emphasize the usefulness of CT-guided percutaneous aspiration

  8. Occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery in a patient with Polycythemia vera: Resolution with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    X. Bertrán; J. Muchart; R. Planas; M. I. Real; J. M. Ribera; E. Cabré; M. Menacho; M. A. Gassull

    1996-01-01

    The case is reported of a 46-year-old male patient with polycythemia vera (PV) treated with phlebotomy who developed an occlusive thrombosis of the superior mesenteric artery 2 years after the diagnosis. He was successfully managed with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. The patient did not develop any other thrombotic phenomena. To our knowledge, there are no previous reports on the use of

  9. Similar Success Rates with Bivalirudin and Unfractionated Heparin in Bare-Metal Stent Implantation

    SciTech Connect

    Hallak, Omar [Centers for Clinical Science Research, CAMC Institute (United States); Shams, S. Ali [Charleston Area Medical Center, Department of Internal Medicine (United States); Broce, Mike; Lavigne, P. Scott; Lucas, B. Daniel; Elhabyan, Abdul-Karim; Reyes, Bernardo J. [Centers for Clinical Science Research, CAMC Institute (United States)], E-mail: bernardo.reyes@camc.org

    2007-09-15

    Background. Unfractionated heparin (UFH) is the traditional agent utilized during percutaneous peripheral interventions (PPIs) despite its well-known limitations. Bivalirudin, a thrombin-specific anticoagulant, overcomes many of the limitations of UFH and has consistently demonstrated comparable efficacy with significantly fewer bleeding complications. The purpose of this study was to compare procedural success in patients undergoing bare-metal stent implantation for atherosclerotic blockage of the renal, iliac, and femoral arteries and receiving either bivalirudin (0.75 mg/kg bolus/1.75 mg/kg/hr infusion) or UFH (50-70 U/kg/hr bolus) as the primary anticoagulant. Methods. This study was an open-label, nonrandomized retrospective registry with the primary endpoint of procedural success. Secondary endpoints included incidence of: death, myocardial infarction (MI), urgent revascularization, amputation, and major and minor bleeding. Results. One hundred and five consecutive patients were enrolled (bivalirudin = 53; heparin = 52). Baseline demographics were comparable between groups. Patients were pretreated with clopidogrel (approx. 71%) and aspirin (approx. 79%). Procedural success was achieved in 97% and 96% of patients in the bivalirudin- and heparin-treated groups, respectively. Event rates were low and similar between groups. Conclusion. Bivalirudin maintained an equal rate of procedural success in this cohort without sacrificing patient safety. Results of this study add to the growing body of evidence supporting the safety and efficacy of bivalirudin as a possible substitute for UFH in anticoagulation during peripheral vascular bare-metal stent implantation.

  10. Measuring organizational and individual factors thought to influence the success of quality improvement in primary care: a systematic review of instruments

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Continuous quality improvement (CQI) methods are widely used in healthcare; however, the effectiveness of the methods is variable, and evidence about the extent to which contextual and other factors modify effects is limited. Investigating the relationship between these factors and CQI outcomes poses challenges for those evaluating CQI, among the most complex of which relate to the measurement of modifying factors. We aimed to provide guidance to support the selection of measurement instruments by systematically collating, categorising, and reviewing quantitative self-report instruments. Methods Data sources: We searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Health and Psychosocial Instruments, reference lists of systematic reviews, and citations and references of the main report of instruments. Study selection: The scope of the review was determined by a conceptual framework developed to capture factors relevant to evaluating CQI in primary care (the InQuIRe framework). Papers reporting development or use of an instrument measuring a construct encompassed by the framework were included. Data extracted included instrument purpose; theoretical basis, constructs measured and definitions; development methods and assessment of measurement properties. Analysis and synthesis: We used qualitative analysis of instrument content and our initial framework to develop a taxonomy for summarising and comparing instruments. Instrument content was categorised using the taxonomy, illustrating coverage of the InQuIRe framework. Methods of development and evidence of measurement properties were reviewed for instruments with potential for use in primary care. Results We identified 186 potentially relevant instruments, 152 of which were analysed to develop the taxonomy. Eighty-four instruments measured constructs relevant to primary care, with content measuring CQI implementation and use (19 instruments), organizational context (51 instruments), and individual factors (21 instruments). Forty-one instruments were included for full review. Development methods were often pragmatic, rather than systematic and theory-based, and evidence supporting measurement properties was limited. Conclusions Many instruments are available for evaluating CQI, but most require further use and testing to establish their measurement properties. Further development and use of these measures in evaluations should increase the contribution made by individual studies to our understanding of CQI and enhance our ability to synthesise evidence for informing policy and practice. PMID:23241168

  11. Percutaneous Image-Guided Aspiration and Sclerosis of Adventitial Cystic Disease of the Femoral Vein

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jason M. Johnson; Armin Kiankhooy; Daniel J. Bertges; Christopher S. Morris

    2009-01-01

    Adventitial cystic disease (ACD), also known as cystic mucoid or myxomatous degeneration, is a rare vascular disease mainly\\u000a seen in arteries. Seventeen cases have been reported in the world literature. We report the first known case of ACD successfully\\u000a treated with percutaneous image-guided ethanol sclerosis. Computed tomography showed a cystic mass adherent to the wall of\\u000a the common femoral vein.

  12. Retrieval of Cement Embolus from Inferior Vena Cava After Percutaneous Vertebroplasty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Athreya; N. Mathias; P. Rogers; R. Edwards

    2009-01-01

    Percutaneous vertebroplasty is an accepted treatment for painful vertebral compression fractures caused by osteoporosis and\\u000a malignant disease. Venous leakage of cement and pulmonary cement embolism have been reported complications. We describe a\\u000a paravertebral venous cement leak resulting in the deposition of a cement cast in the inferior vena cava and successful retrieval\\u000a of the cement embolus.

  13. Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage in an infant with obstructive jaundice caused by neuroblastoma.

    PubMed

    Saettini, Francesco; Agazzi, Roberto; Giraldi, Eugenia; Foglia, Carlo; Cavalleri, Laura; Morali, Laura; Fasolini, Giorgio; Spotti, Angelica; Provenzi, Massimo

    2015-04-01

    Neuroblastoma presenting with obstructive jaundice is a rare event. Management of this condition includes surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, temporary cholecystostomy tube, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), and internal biliary drainage (IBD). We herein describe our experience with one infant affected by neuroblastoma presenting with jaundice, who successfully underwent percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD). This report introduces PTBD as a viable treatment option for neuroblastoma and obstructive jaundice and provides a review of the pertinent literature. PMID:25551550

  14. Percutaneous CT-Guided Treatment of Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Sacroiliac Joint

    SciTech Connect

    Becce, Fabio, E-mail: fabio.becce@chuv.ch [University of Lausanne, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (Switzerland); Mouhsine, Elyazid [Clinique Hirslanden Bois-Cerf, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (Switzerland); Mosimann, Pascal John; Anaye, Anass [University of Lausanne, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (Switzerland); Letovanec, Igor [University Institute of Pathology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (Switzerland); Theumann, Nicolas [University of Lausanne, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (Switzerland)

    2012-08-15

    Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a joint disorder that affects the articular cartilage and subchondral bone, most commonly at the knee. OCD of the sacroiliac joint is extremely rare. Management of OCD remains controversial, and surgery is often needed, especially when conservative treatment fails. We present a rare case of OCD involving the left sacroiliac joint successfully treated by percutaneous computed tomography-guided retrograde drilling and debridement.

  15. Percutaneous Transhepatic Endobiliary Drainage of Hepatic Hydatid Cyst with Rupture into the Biliary System: An Unusual Route for Drainage

    SciTech Connect

    Inal, Mehmet; Soyupak, Suereyya; Akguel, Erol [Cukurova University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Balcali Hospital 01330, Adana (Turkey); Ezici, Hueseyin [Department of General Surgery, Cukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Balcali Hospital 01330, Adana (Turkey)

    2002-10-15

    The most common and serious complication of hydatid cyst of the liver is rupture into the biliary tract causing obstructive jaundice, cholangitis and abscess. The traditional treatment of biliary-cystic fistula is surgery and recently endoscopic sphincterotomy. We report a case of complex heterogeneous cyst rupture into the biliary tract causing biliary obstruction in which the obstruction and cyst were treated successfully by percutaneous transhepatic endobiliary drainage. Our case is the second report of percutaneous transbiliary internal drainage of hydatid cyst with rupture into the biliary duct in which the puncture and drainage were not performed through the cyst cavity.

  16. Renal effects of percutaneous stone removal

    SciTech Connect

    Eshghi, M.; Schiff, R.G.; Smith, A.D.

    1989-02-01

    Preoperative and postoperative renography with 99mTechnetium-diethylene-triamine pentaacetic acid was performed on 33 patients who were free of renal scarring, infection, and obstruction and who underwent percutaneous renal stone removal. Although there was a transient decrease in renal function postoperatively in some patients, statistically significant reductions in renal function occurred only in 1 patient with an arteriovenous malformation that was embolized and in 1 patient who had a postoperative ureteropelvic junction stricture. The creation of more than one nephrostomy tract did not affect the results. In the absence of serious complications, percutaneous nephrostomy does not have a significant effect on renal function.

  17. Complex robotic-enhanced percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Kapur, Vishal; Smilowitz, Nathaniel R; Weisz, Giora

    2014-05-01

    A remote-controlled, robotic system was developed to address procedural challenges and occupational hazards associated with traditional percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The PRECISE (Percutaneous Robotically Enhanced Coronary Intervention) Study demonstrated the safety and feasibility of the robotic system. We report four cases of complex coronary interventions demonstrating the capabilities of robotic-enhanced PCI to treat multilesion, multivessel coronary disease, saphenous venous graft disease, and an ST-elevation myocardial infarction. The robotic system offers enhanced visibility, precise measurement, accurate stent positioning, improved ergonomics, and superior operator protection from radiation. PMID:24167108

  18. Percutaneous Cryotherapy of Vascular Malformation: Initial Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Cornelis, F., E-mail: francoiscornelis@hotmail.com [Institut Bergonie, Department of Radiology (France); Neuville, A. [Institut Bergonie, Department of Pathology (France); Labreze, C. [Pellegrin Hospital, Department of Pediatric Dermatology (France); Kind, M. [Institut Bergonie, Department of Radiology (France); Bui, B. [Institut Bergonie, Department of Oncology (France); Midy, D. [Pellegrin Hospital, Department of Vascular Surgery (France); Palussiere, J. [Institut Bergonie, Department of Radiology (France); Grenier, N. [Pellegrin Hospital, Department of Radiology (France)

    2013-06-15

    The present report describes a case of percutaneous cryotherapy in a 36-year-old woman with a large and painful pectoral venous malformation. Cryoablation was performed in a single session for this 9-cm mass with 24 h hospitalisation. At 2- and 6-month follow-up, the pain had completely disappeared, and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a significant decrease in size. Percutaneous cryoablation shows promise as a feasible and apparently safe method for local control in patients with symptomatic venous vascular malformations.

  19. Forearm Approach for Percutaneous Coronary Procedures

    PubMed Central

    Stajic, Zoran; Romanovic, Radoslav; Tavciovski, Dragan

    2013-01-01

    This article gives contemporary review on the forearm approach for percutaneous diagnostic and interventional coronary procedures. Advantages and disadvantages as well as practical issues and current controversies regarding both radial and ulnar artery approach are discussed throughout the paper. Having in mind advantages of forearm approach in terms of safety and comfort over the traditional femoral approach, as well as the rapid development of invasive technology in the past years, it will probably become the default vascular approach for all percutaneous coronary procedures in the near future. PMID:24554806

  20. Successful early unmanipulated haploidentical transplantation with reduced-intensity conditioning for primary graft failure after cord blood transplantation in hematologic malignancy patients.

    PubMed

    Tang, B L; Zhu, X Y; Zheng, C C; Liu, H L; Geng, L Q; Wang, X B; Ding, K Y; Yao, W; Tong, J; Song, K D; Zhang, L; Qiang, P; Sun, Z M

    2015-02-01

    Primary graft failure (pGF) is a frequent complication following cord blood transplantation (CBT). For those patients who will not experience autologous recovery, salvage transplantation should be performed as early as possible. However, standardized treatment protocols for pGF, such as the optimal stem cell source, preparative regimen and the ideal time for salvage transplantation, have yet to be determined. Therefore, we analyzed 17 hematologic malignancy patients who received unmanipulated haploidentical peripheral blood (PB) and BM transplantation with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) as a salvage therapy for pGF after CBT. The median interval between the two transplantations was 38 days. The RIC regimen for salvage transplantation consisted of fludarabine, antithymocyte globulin, CY and low-dose TBI. The neutrophil and plt engraftments were achieved in 14 (82.4%) and 13 (76.4%) patients, respectively. The cumulative incidences of grades II-IV and grades III-IV aGVHD were 35.3% and 17.6%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 29.4%. After a median follow-up of 43 months, 10 of 17 patients remained alive in CR. The cumulative incidence of TRM at 180 days was 29.4%. The probability of 3-year OS and leukemia-free survival was 57.5%. Our results show that unmanipulated haploidentical PB and BM transplantation under a RIC regimen is an effective treatment for pGF after CBT. PMID:25365067

  1. Palliative Percutaneous Jejunal Stent for Patients with Short Bowel Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Takayama, Satoru; Ochi, Yasuo; Yasuda, Akira; Sakamoto, Masaki; Takahashi, Hideki; Akamo, Yoshimi; Takeyama, Hiromitsu

    2009-01-01

    Gastrointestinal obstruction is a common preterminal event in patients with gastric and pancreatic cancer who often undergo palliative bypass surgery. Although endoscopic palliation with self-expandable metallic stents has emerged as a safe and effective alternative to surgery, experience with this technique remains limited. In particular, a proximal jejunal obstruction requires more technical expertise than a duodenal obstruction. Palliative treatment modalities include both surgical and nonsurgical approaches. In this report, we describe the successful placement of self-expandable metallic stents at the proximal jejunum using a combination of percutaneous endoscopic, intraoperative, and transstomal stenting. Usually endoscopy is not indicated in cases of proximal jejunal obstruction, but some cases may require palliative endoscopy instead of bypass operation. PMID:20651969

  2. Palliative use of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and percutaneous endoscopic cecostomy tubes.

    PubMed

    Holm, Adrian N; Baron, Todd H

    2007-10-01

    Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes are most commonly placed for feeding purposes with the intention of maintenance or improvement in nutritional status; however, they may also be used in a palliative role in patients who have terminal illnesses for feeding or decompression. Percutaneous endoscopic cecostomy (PEC) tubes can be used to decompress malignant and functional bowel disorders with accepted morbidity and mortality. This article reviews the use of PEG and PEC tubes for palliative use. PMID:17967383

  3. Percutaneous Renal Sympathetic Denervation for the Treatment of Resistant Hypertension with Heart Failure: First Experience in Korea

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Jeong Hoon; Gwon, Hyeon-Cheol

    2013-01-01

    Percutaneous catheter-based therapy has recently been introduced to decrease blood pressure by ablation of efferent and afferent sympathetic renal nerves. The patient described here had a seven-year history of hypertension and presented with poorly controlled blood pressure despite antihypertensive therapy with four different drugs. A 44-yr-old man underwent percutaneous renal denervation under local anesthesia using an ablation catheter. After six months of follow-up his blood pressure had dropped 49/37 mmHg with a decrease in 24-hr ambulatory BP of 20/18 mmHg. Renal Doppler ultrasound showed no significant stenosis in either renal artery. This is the first case of successful percutaneous renal denervation, which has recently become available in Korea. PMID:23772164

  4. Successful outcome after early combined liver and en bloc-kidney transplant in an infant with primary hyperoxaluria type 1: a case report.

    PubMed

    Heffron, Thomas G; Rodriguez, John; Fasola, Carlos G; Casper, Katherine; Pillen, Todd; Smallwood, Gregory; Warshaw, Barry; Romero, Rene; Larsen, Christian

    2009-11-01

    PH1 is a metabolic disorder characterized by urolithiasis and the accumulation of oxalate crystals in the kidneys and other organs. Although patients often first present with renal failure, PH1 results from a deficiency of the hepatic peroxisomal enzyme AGT. Ultimately only liver transplantation will cure the underlying metabolic defect. Herein, we report the case of a three-month-old male infant diagnosed with PH and treated using a combined liver and en bloc-kidney transplant from a single donor. At the time of transplant, the patient was 11 months old and weighed 7.9 kg. He received a full size liver graft and en bloc kidneys from a two-yr-old donor. At 36 months post-transplant, the patient is steadily growing with normal renal and hepatic function. This is one of the first reports of successful liver and en bloc-kidney transplantation with abdominal compartment expansion by PTFE for the infantile form of PH1 in a high risk child before one yr of age. Prompt diagnosis and early referral to a specialized center for liver and kidney replacement offer the best chance for survival for infants with this otherwise fatal disease. PMID:19496983

  5. Interval Biliary Stent Placement Via Percutaneous Ultrasound Guided Cholecystostomy: Another Approach to Palliative Treatment in Malignant Biliary Tract Obstruction

    SciTech Connect

    Harding, James, E-mail: drjames.harding@btinternet.com; Mortimer, Alex [North Bristol NHS Trust, Frenchay Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Kelly, Michael [North Bristol NHS Trust, Frenchay Hospital, Department of General Surgery (United Kingdom); Loveday, Eric [North Bristol NHS Trust, Frenchay Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

    2010-12-15

    Percutaneous cholecystostomy is a minimally invasive procedure for providing gallbladder decompression, often in critically ill patients. It can be used in malignant biliary obstruction following failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography when the intrahepatic ducts are not dilated or when stent insertion is not possible via the bile ducts. In properly selected patients, percutaneous cholecystostomy in obstructive jaundice is a simple, safe, and rapid option for biliary decompression, thus avoiding the morbidity and mortality involved with percutaneous transhepatic biliary stenting. Subsequent use of a percutaneous cholecystostomy for definitive biliary stent placement is an attractive concept and leaves patients with no external drain. To the best of our knowledge, it has only been described on three previous occasions in the published literature, on each occasion forced by surgical or technical considerations. Traditionally, anatomic/technical considerations and the risk of bile leak have precluded such an approach, but improvements in catheter design and manufacture may now make it more feasible. We report a case of successful interval metal stent placement via percutaneous cholecystostomy which was preplanned and achieved excellent palliation for the patient. The pros and cons of the procedure and approach are discussed.

  6. Cone-Beam Computed Tomography-Guided Percutaneous Radiologic Gastrostomy

    SciTech Connect

    Moehlenbruch, Markus; Nelles, Michael; Thomas, Daniel; Willinek, Winfried [University Hospital Bonn, Department of Radiology (Germany); Gerstner, Andreas [University of Bonn, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery (Germany); Schild, Hans H.; Wilhelm, Kai, E-mail: wilhelm@uni-bonn.d [University Hospital Bonn, Department of Radiology (Germany)

    2010-04-15

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of a flat-detector C-arm-guided radiographic technique (cone-beam computed tomography [CBCT]) for percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy (PRG) insertion. Eighteen patients (13 men and 5 women; mean age 62 years) in whom percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) had failed underwent CBCT-guided PRG insertion. PEG failure or unsuitability was caused by upper gastrointestinal tract obstruction in all cases. Indications for gastrostomy were esophageal and head and neck malignancies, respectively. Before the PRG procedure, initial C-arm CBCT scans were acquired. Three- and 2-dimensional soft-tissue reconstructions of the epigastrium region were generated on a dedicated workstation. Subsequently, gastropexy was performed with T-fasteners after CBCT-guided puncture of the stomach bubble, followed by insertion of an 14F balloon-retained catheter through a peel-away introducer. Puncture of the stomach bubble and PRG insertion was technically successful in all patients without alteration of the epigastric region. There was no malpositioning of the tube or other major periprocedural complications. In 2 patients, minor complications occurred during the first 30 days of follow-up (PRG malfunction: n = 1; slight infection: n = 1). Late complications, which were mainly tube disturbances, were observed in 2 patients. The mean follow-up time was 212 days. CBCT-guided PRG is a safe, well-tolerated, and successful method of gastrostomy insertion in patients in whom endoscopic gastrostomy is not feasible. CBCT provides detailed imaging of the soft tissue and surrounding structures of the epigastric region in one diagnostic tour and thus significantly improves the planning of PRG procedures.

  7. The impact of accreditation of primary healthcare centers: successes, challenges and policy implications as perceived by healthcare providers and directors in Lebanon

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background In 2009, the Lebanese Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) launched the Primary Healthcare (PHC) accreditation program to improve quality across the continuum of care. The MOPH, with the support of Accreditation Canada, conducted the accreditation survey in 25 PHC centers in 2012. This paper aims to gain a better understanding of the impact of accreditation on quality of care as perceived by PHC staff members and directors; how accreditation affected staff and patient satisfaction; key enablers, challenges and strategies to improve implementation of accreditation in PHC. Methods The study was conducted in 25 PHC centers using a cross-sectional mixed methods approach; all staff members were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire whereas semi-structured interviews were conducted with directors. Results The scales measuring Management and Leadership had the highest mean score followed by Accreditation Impact, Human Resource Utilization, and Customer Satisfaction. Regression analysis showed that Strategic Quality Planning, Customer Satisfaction and Staff Involvement were associated with a perception of higher Quality Results. Directors emphasized the benefits of accreditation with regards to documentation, reinforcement of quality standards, strengthened relationships between PHC centers and multiple stakeholders and improved staff and patient satisfaction. Challenges encountered included limited financial resources, poor infrastructure, and staff shortages. Conclusions To better respond to population health needs, accreditation is an important first step towards improving the quality of PHC delivery arrangement system. While there is a need to expand the implementation of accreditation to cover all PHC centers in Lebanon, considerations should be given to strengthening their financial arrangements as well. PMID:24568632

  8. Pharmacodynamic Measurements of Methyl Nicotinate Percutaneous Absorption

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard H. Guy; Ethel Tur; Barry Bugatto; Caroline Gaebel; Lewis B. Sheiner; Howard I. Maibach

    1984-01-01

    The local kinetics of percutaneous absorption provide information of relevance to the treatment of skin diseases and to the potential efficacy of transdermally delivered chemotherapy for systemic effect. This paper describes two non-invasive procedures (laser Doppler velocimetry and photopulse plethysmography) which permit pharmacodynamic measurements of methyl nicotinate skin penetration to be made in vivo in man. The methods are sensitive

  9. Percutaneous needle treatment of liver tumors

    E-print Network

    Webster III, Robert James

    · Percutaneous needle treatment of liver tumors · Target multiple tumors through a single incisionmm x 90mm x 260mm · Autoclavable I. Free Space III. Bovine Liver · Precurved concentric nitinol tubes.80 Bovine Liver (mm) 3.32 ± 2.66 II. Ethanol Solution Future Work · Human trials with manual unit · Fully

  10. Use and Maintenance of Percutaneous Nephrostomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Claes; R. L. Vereecken; R. Oyen

    1986-01-01

    Percutaneous nephrostomy has been used for the diagnosis and treatment of 64 patients. There have been no unsuccessful attempts at nephrostomy placement and no major complications were noted. This procedure can be accomplished readily and safely, reliably and effectively for short- and long-term urinary diversion in various urologic conditions in children and adults. Catheter care is described, and use of

  11. Percutaneous Absorption of Iodochlorhydroxyquin in Humans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sidney J. Stohs; Fikrat W. Ezzedeen; A. Kathryn Anderson; Jeffrey N. Baldwin; Michael C. Makoid

    1984-01-01

    Iodochlorhydroxyquin (I) is used in the treatment of diaper rash and other skin disorders, and is presumed to undergo little or no percutaneous absorption. The absorption of (I) from a 3% cream was studied in 5 normal male subjects after a single application of the cream for 12 h. Plasma levels of the drug were followed for 24 h after

  12. Improvements in Intracorporeal Lithotripters for Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuo, Ramsay L.

    2007-04-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) is an effective minimally invasive surgical approach for the treatment of large renal stone burden. Intracorporeal lithotripters (ICL) are utilized during PNL to fragment calculi, with some devices capable of concurrently removing fragments as well. Much progress has been made in the design of ICL devices, resulting in potentially more efficient treatment of nephrolithiasis.

  13. Dune Succession Predictable patterns of species

    E-print Network

    Cochran-Stafira, D. Liane

    1 Dune Succession Succession · Predictable patterns of species replacements in an ecological colonizers but better competitors, can make do with lower resource levels, eventually outcompete early species ­ Sand cherry, Cottonwoods Two Types of Succession · Primary · Secondary Primary Succession

  14. Dune Succession Predictable patterns of species

    E-print Network

    Cochran-Stafira, D. Liane

    Dune Succession Succession · Predictable patterns of species replacements in an ecological colonizers but better competitors, can make do with lower resource levels, eventually outcompete early species ­ Sand cherry, Cottonwoods Two Types of Succession · Primary · Secondary Primary Succession

  15. Percutaneous Treatment of Pyocystis in Patients with Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease

    SciTech Connect

    Akinci, Devrim, E-mail: akincid@yahoo.com; Turkbey, Baris, E-mail: bturkbey@yahoo.co [Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Yilmaz, Rahmi [Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Department of Nephrology (Turkey); Akpinar, Erhan; Ozmen, Mustafa N.; Akhan, Okan [Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Turkey)

    2008-09-15

    The course of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is frequently complicated by infection of a cyst within a polycystic kidney, which is a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma damaging the clinical course of patients. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous drainage in management of infected cysts in ADPKD patients. Between May 2003 and December 2006, percutaneous drainage was performed in 16 infected renal cysts of four kidneys in three patients (two females, one male), with a mean age of 57.3 years. Cyst dimensions, total amount of drained cyst fluid, catheterization duration, isolated microorganisms, and follow-up duration were recorded. Technical, clinical success rates were 100%; the complication rate was 0%. Diameters of cysts ranged between 3 and 8 cm. Average volume of drained fluid and average duration of catheterization for one cyst were 226 ml and 9.8 days. No recurrence was encountered but one patient (no. 3), who had pyocystis in the right kidney and was treated with catheterization, referred with left flank pain due to pyocystis in her left kidney 3 months later. Follow-up durations were 35, 47, and 11 months for patients 1, 2, and 3, respectively. For patient 3, follow-up duration for the second procedure was 7 months. We conclude that percutaneous drainage with antibiotic therapy should be the initial method in management of infected cysts in ADPKD patients, with high success and low complication rates.

  16. Percutaneous Drainage of 300 Intraperitoneal Abscesses with Long-Term Follow-Up

    SciTech Connect

    Akinci, Devrim; Akhan, Okan, E-mail: oakhan@hacettepe.edu.tr; Ozmen, Mustafa N. [Hacettepe Medical School, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Karabulut, Nevzat [Pamukkale University Medical School (Turkey); Ozkan, Orhan; Cil, Barbaros E.; Karcaaltincaba, Musturay [Hacettepe Medical School, Department of Radiology (Turkey)

    2005-12-15

    The purpose of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous drainage of intraperitoneal abscesses with attention to recurrence and failure rates. A retrospective analysis of percutaneous treatment of 300 intraperitoneal abscesses in 255 patients (147 male, 108 female; average age: 38 years; range: 40 days to 90 years) for whom at least 1-year follow-up data were available was performed. Abscesses were drained with fluoroscopic, sonographic, or computed tomographic guidance. Nine abscesses were drained by simple aspiration; catheter drainage either by Seldinger or trocar technique was used in the remaining 291 abscesses with 6F to 14 F catheters. Initial cure and failure rates were 68% (203/300) and 12% (36/300), respectively. Sixty-one abscesses (20%) were either palliated or temporized. The recurrence rate was 4% (12/300) and nine of them were cured by recatheterization, whereas three of them were treated by medication or surgery. The overall success and failure rates were 91% (273/300) and 9% (27/300), respectively, with temporized, palliated, and recatheterized recurred abscesses. The 30-day mortality rate was 3.1% (8/255). The mean duration of catheterization was 13 days. Intraperitoneal abscesses with safe access routes should be drained percutaneously because of high success and low morbidity, mortality, and recurrence rates.

  17. Access-Related Venous Stenoses and Occlusions: Treatment with Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty and Dacron-Covered Stents

    SciTech Connect

    Farber, Alexander; Barbey, Mark-Michael; Grunert, Jens-Holger; Gmelin, Ekkechardt [Department of Radiology II, Hannover Medical School, Podbielskistrasse 380, D-30659 Hannover (Germany)

    1999-05-15

    Purpose: To determine the effectiveness of using Dacron-covered stents to treat access-related venous stenoses and occlusions. Methods: Twenty-two Dacron-covered stents were placed in 20 patients: in the basilic or axillary vein (n = 2), cephalic vein (n = 3), subclavian vein (n = 5), and at the venous anastomosis of the polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) implant graft (n 10). Results: Initial technical success was 100%. The cumulative primary and secondary patency rates were 57% and 83% at 6 months, 29% and 64% at 12 months, and 29% and 53% at 18 months. A statistically significant difference in the stent patency was revealed by comparing the patients with stents in the subclavian vein and patients with upper arm stents. The secondary patency rates of the upper arm stents were 73% after 6, 12, and 18 months. Conclusions: Percutaneous placement of Dacron-covered stents is a safe and effective procedure for salvage of a dialysis fistula. First results are promising, with a tendency to prolongation of the time interval between reinterventions.

  18. Percutaneous Transcatheter Embolization of Gastrointestinal Bleeding in a Child with Polyarteritis Nodosa

    PubMed Central

    Bas, Ahmet; Samanci, Cesur; Numan, Furuzan

    2014-01-01

    Summary Background Polyarteritis nodosa is a form of necrotizing vasculitis of small and medium-sized arteries. Major gastrointestinal complications are ulceration, perforation, hemorrhage, and obstruction. Case Report We report on a clinical case of a 16-year-old female patient with massive hematemesis, who was successfully treated with embolization with a 1:2 dilution of N-butyl cyanoacrylate glue. Conclusions To the best of our knowledge, this is the youngest child reported on with massive GI bleeding secondary to PAN, treated with successful percutaneous transcatheter embolization under emergency conditions. PMID:25512765

  19. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography in the investigation of the persistent postoperative bile leak.

    PubMed

    Kissin, C M; Grundy, A

    1987-01-01

    Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTHC) is now a widely available, inexpensive investigation with a low incidence of complications, especially in the nonobstructed system, and a high success rate. Its role in the management of obstructive jaundice is well established but it is only infrequently performed in the investigation of persistent bile leakage following biliary tract surgery. Four cases are reported in which the superior demonstration of biliary anatomy provided by PTHC allowed successful identification of the site of postoperative biliary leakage. We compared PTHC with other diagnostic imaging techniques available and conclude that it is a safe, accurate, and reliable technique. PMID:3596138

  20. Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection: Role of Intravascular Ultrasound.

    PubMed

    Kalra, Ankur; Aggarwal, Avin; Kneeland, Rachel; Traverse, Jay H

    2014-08-20

    Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare, life-threatening condition that usually manifests as an acute myocardial infarction. Diagnosing SCAD with conventional coronary angiogram can be challenging, particularly if the true lumen is severely narrowed. Our case highlights the challenges in performing successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with SCAD. Intravascular ultrasound can prove to be a pivotal tool in the diagnosis and successful management of such cases by establishing the anatomic site of dissection, and confirming stent placement in the true lumen following PCI. PMID:25139465

  1. [Transradial approach during percutaneous coronary interventions. Part 1. Evidence base for applying a transradial approach].

    PubMed

    Zhamgyrchiev, Sh T; Samko, A N; Merkulov, E V; Mironov, V M; Levitski?, I V; Tereshchenko, A S; Shirokov, R O; Gerasimov, A M

    2014-01-01

    The use of the radial artery as an approach to percutaneous coronary interventions is becoming increasing popular now. The success of this approach depends on both the accumulated experience of an operator and a health care facility. The paper analyzes an investigation of the comparative characteristics of both a transradial approach and a transfemoral one and the impact of the former on the success of the procedure. It considers the role of the transradial approach in the present-day practice of X-ray endovascular diagnosis and treatment specialists and discusses the problems of education and choice of optimal clinical indications. PMID:25276889

  2. Insertion of electrode array using percutaneous cochlear implantation technique: a cadaveric study Ramya Balachandran1

    E-print Network

    Webster III, Robert James

    Insertion of electrode array using percutaneous cochlear implantation technique: a cadaveric study-invasive technique, called percutaneous cochlear implantation (PCI), has been proposed that involves drilling: Percutaneous cochlear implantation, microstereotactic frame, minimally-invasive surgery. 1. INTRODUCTION

  3. 21 CFR 880.5970 - Percutaneous, implanted, long-term intravascular catheter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Percutaneous, implanted, long-term intravascular catheter. 880...HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL HOSPITAL AND...Percutaneous, implanted, long-term intravascular catheter. ...percutaneous, implanted, long-term intravascular...

  4. 21 CFR 880.5970 - Percutaneous, implanted, long-term intravascular catheter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Percutaneous, implanted, long-term intravascular catheter. 880...HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL HOSPITAL AND...Percutaneous, implanted, long-term intravascular catheter. ...percutaneous, implanted, long-term intravascular...

  5. 21 CFR 880.5970 - Percutaneous, implanted, long-term intravascular catheter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Percutaneous, implanted, long-term intravascular catheter. 880...HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL HOSPITAL AND...Percutaneous, implanted, long-term intravascular catheter. ...percutaneous, implanted, long-term intravascular...

  6. Percutaneous Endoscopic Colostomy: A New Technique for the Treatment of Recurrent Sigmoid Volvulus

    PubMed Central

    Al-Alawi, Ibrahim K.

    2010-01-01

    Sigmoid volvulus is a common cause of large bowel obstruction in western countries and Africa. It accounts for 25% of the patients admitted to the hospital for large bowel obstruction. The acute management of sigmoid volvulus is sigmoidoscopic decompression. However, the recurrence rate can be as high as 60% in some series. Recurrent sigmoid volvulus in elderly patients who are not fit for definitive surgery is difficult to manage. The percutaneous endoscopic placement of two percutaneous endoscopic colostomy tube placement is a simple and relatively safe procedure. The two tubes should be left open to act as vents for the colon from over-distending. In our opinion, this aspect is key to its success as it keeps the sigmoid colon deflated until adhesions form between the colon and the abdominal wall. PMID:20339184

  7. Percutaneous placement of a balloon-expandable intraluminal graft for life-threatening subclavian arterial hemorrhage.

    PubMed

    Becker, G J; Benenati, J F; Zemel, G; Sallee, D S; Suarez, C A; Roeren, T K; Katzen, B T

    1991-05-01

    A balloon-expandable intraluminal graft was percutaneously deployed in the left subclavian artery of a 43-year-old woman. This graft was made of a stainless steel, 30-mm Palmaz balloon-expandable iliac stent completely covered with a thin coat of silicone. The procedure was successful in managing and preventing life-threatening hemorrhage as a large-bore catheter was removed from the subclavian artery via its subcutaneous tunnel. Surgical repair of the high brachial-axillary sheath insertion site was required after percutaneous deployment of the graft. However, the grafting procedure succeeded in obviating a thoracotomy. At follow-up of 6 months, despite diminution in brachial pulse volume recordings, the patient is asymptomatic at rest. She experiences mild fatigue with extremes of upper extremity exercise and declines angiographic follow-up and further intervention. PMID:1799760

  8. Percutaneous coronary intervention for acute myocardial infarction in a single coronary artery anomaly.

    PubMed

    Shalganov, Tchavdar N

    2009-11-01

    We report on a case of an adult male patient with previously unknown coronary anomaly and acute myocardial infarction in the territory of the left anterior descending artery (LAD). The coronary angiography showed a single coronary artery with intertruncal course, arising from the right coronary sinus, and thrombotic occlusion of the LAD. Successful transradial percutaneous coronary intervention was done with implantation of an intracoronary stent in the occluded artery. The postprocedural course was complicated by ventricular tachycardia, congestive heart failure, and mild transient renal failure. In conclusion, transradial percutaneous coronary intervention is safe and feasible in rare coronary artery anomalies even in an emergent setting. The finding of an anomalous coronary artery should not be a reason to decline performing coronary intervention. PMID:19816872

  9. Chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary intervention case selection and techniques for the antegrade-only operator.

    PubMed

    Rinfret, Stéphane; Joyal, Dominique; Spratt, James C; Buller, Christopher E

    2015-02-15

    Coronary chronic total occlusions (CTO) remain a difficult lesion subset to treat. Although CTOs are present at coronary angiography in 15-20% of patients, only a small fraction of eligible patients will be offered percutaneous treatment. Recent publications from centers with dedicated CTO programs using the full range of antegrade and retrograde techniques suggest success rates in the range of 90% even when little anatomic exclusion are used. However, many patients with clinically appropriate CTO targets have simpler anatomy that can predictably be managed without the selected skills and equipment. The purpose of this review is to provide skilled percutaneous coronary intervention operators who have not specialized in complex retrograde CTO techniques, an algorithm for the selection and antegrade management of appropriate CTO cases. Core equipment and techniques are discussed. PMID:25044668

  10. Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Drainage of Neonatal Pyometrocolpos Under Local Anesthesia

    SciTech Connect

    Algin, Oktay, E-mail: droktayalgin@gmail.com [Atatuerk Training and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Erdogan, Cuneyt [Uludag University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Kilic, Nizamettin [Uludag University Medical Faculty, Department of Pediatric Surgery (Turkey)

    2011-02-15

    Hydrometrocolpos is an uncommon congenital disorder with cystic dilatation of the vagina and uterus that occurs as a result of accumulated secretions from the reproductive tract due to distal genital tract obstruction. Secondary infection may also occur, resulting in pyometrocolpos, a potentially lethal disease. Immediate drainage of the cystic mass in patients determined to have pyometrocolpos is required to prevent or treat uropathy and septicemia until definitive corrective surgery can be performed. We report an unusual cause of obstructive uropathy in three infants: pyometrocolpos due to lower genital tract atresia. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous drainage of the pyometrocolpos resulted in dramatically improved clinical and laboratory findings in these patients. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous drainage under local anesthesia is a simple, minimally invasive, safe, and effective procedure that facilitates later successful corrective surgery and avoids the need for more complex drainage procedures.

  11. [Electromechanically controlled versus roengenologically guided percutaneous transluminal laser myocardial revascularization].

    PubMed

    Haude, M; Wieneke, H; Altmann, C; Konorza, T; Herrmann, J; Eggebrecht, H; Erbel, R

    2000-09-01

    Transmyocardial laser revascularization is a modern therapeutic concept for patients with end-stage coronary artery disease not eligible for bypass surgery, percutaneous coronary interventions or heart transplantation. Although the principal idea of creating additional myocardial perfusion from the cavum of the left ventricle was derived from observations in reptile hearts, histological investigations suggest that channel patency is not the underlying mechanism for improved clinical symptoms. Sympathetic denervation and angioneogenesis may be additional explanations for improvement of angina and stress tolerance. The first experiences with transmyocardial laser revascularization were made using a surgical approach. Two randomized multicenter trials could show a significant improvement in angina and stress tolerance 12 months after creating channels using laser technique. While these results were obtained by performing thoracotomy, catheter-based systems have been designed for a less invasive approach of this technique. A further advantage of these new systems is that regions like the septum can be treated which are not eligible for a surgical approach. Using percutaneous transluminal catheter-based systems channels of up to 6 mm length can be created. Beside the fluoroscopic guided creation of myocardial channels a new mapping system has been applied using electromechanical features of viable myocardial tissue. This system is based on the observation that endocardial electrograms recorded from an infarcted area are characterized by very low amplitude and fractionated morphology. This system allows online mapping of viable myocardium and provides spatial, electrical, and mechanical information of the myocardium. This method of electromechanical mapping highly correlates with results obtained from myocardial perfusion scans. Recent preliminary clinical trials demonstrated that catheter-based creation of myocardial channels is a feasible and successful alternative to the surgical laser revascularization. Also with this approach a significant improvement in angina and stress tolerance can be achieved. The results of the PACIFIC study, the first randomized multicenter study using percutaneous transluminal laser revascularization, demonstrates that after 3 and 6 months more than half of the patients presented improved angina of at least 1 Canadian-Cardiovascular-Society class. Whether electromechanical guided myocardial laser revascularization is more efficient than fluoroscopic guided has not been proven yet. Further studies will have to evaluate this issue. PMID:11076315

  12. Percutaneous coronary intervention: recommendations for good practice and training

    PubMed Central

    Dawkins, K; Gershlick, T; de Belder, M; Chauhan, A; Venn, G; Schofield, P; Smith, D; Watkins, J; Gray, H; Joint, W

    2005-01-01

    Cardiologists undertaking percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are excited by the combination of patient and physician satisfaction and technological advance occurring on the background of the necessary manual dexterity. Progress and applicability of percutaneous techniques since their inception in 1977 have been remarkable; a sound evidence base coupled with the enthusiasm and ingenuity of the medical device industry has resulted in a sea change in the treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD), which continues to evolve at breakneck speed. This is the third set of guidelines produced by the British Cardiovascular Intervention Society and the British Cardiac Society.1,2 Following the last set of guidelines published in 2000, we have seen PCI activity in the UK increase from 33 652 to 62 780 (87% in four years) such that the PCI to coronary artery bypass grafting ratio has increased to 2.5:1. The impact of drug eluting stents has been profound, and the Department of Health is investigating the feasibility of primary PCI for acute myocardial infarction. Nevertheless, the changes in the structure of National Health Service funding are likely to focus our attention on cost effective treatments and will require physician engagement and sensitive handling if we are to continue the rapid and appropriate growth in our chosen field.3 It is important with this burgeoning development now occurring on a broad front (in both regional centres and district general hospitals) that we maintain our vigilance on audit and outcome measures so that standards are maintained for both operators and institutions alike. This set of guidelines includes new sections on training, informed consent, and a core evidence base, which we hope you will find useful and informative. Keith D Dawkins: President, British Cardiovascular Intervention Society (2000–2004) Huon H Gray: President, British Cardiac Society (2003–2005) PMID:16365340

  13. Percutaneous Transhepatic Removal of Bile Duct Stones: Results of 261 Patients

    SciTech Connect

    Ozcan, Nevzat, E-mail: nevzatcan@yahoo.com; Kahriman, Guven, E-mail: guvenkahriman@hotmail.com; Mavili, Ertugrul, E-mail: ertmavili@yahoo.com [Erciyes University, Department of Radiology, Medical Faculty, Gevher Nesibe Hospital (Turkey)

    2012-06-15

    Purpose: To determine the effectiveness of percutaneous transhepatic removal of bile duct stones when the procedure of endoscopic therapy fails for reasons of anatomical anomalies or is rejected by the patient. Methods: Between April 2001 and May 2010, 261 patients (138 male patients and 123 female patients; age range, 14-92 years; mean age, 64.6 years) with bile duct stones (common bile duct [CBD] stones = 248 patients and hepatolithiasis = 13 patients) were included in the study. First, percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography was performed and stones were identified. Percutaneous transhepatic balloon dilation of the papilla of Vater was performed. Then stones were pushed out into the duodenum with a Fogarty balloon catheter. If the stone diameter was larger than 15 mm, then basket lithotripsy was performed before balloon dilation. Results: Overall success rate was 95.7%. The procedure was successful in 97.5% of patients with CBD stones and in 61.5% of patients with hepatolithiasis. A total of 18 (6.8%) major complications, including cholangitis (n = 7), subcapsular biloma (n = 4), subcapsular hematoma (n = 1), subcapsular abscess (n = 1), bile peritonitis (n = 1), duodenal perforation (n = 1), CBD perforation (n = 1), gastroduodenal artery pseudoaneurysm (n = 1), and right hepatic artery transection (n = 1), were seen after the procedure. There was no mortality. Conclusion: Our experience suggests that percutaneous transhepatic stone expulsion into the duodenum through the papilla is an effective and safe approach in the nonoperative management of the bile duct stones. It is a feasible alternative to surgery when endoscopic extraction fails or is rejected by the patient.

  14. Percutaneous Transhepatic Removal of Bile Duct Stones: Results of 261 Patients

    SciTech Connect

    Ozcan, Nevzat, E-mail: nevzatcan@yahoo.com; Kahriman, Guven, E-mail: guvenkahriman@hotmail.com; Mavili, Ertugrul, E-mail: ertmavili@yahoo.com [Erciyes University, Department of Radiology, Medical Faculty (Turkey)

    2012-08-15

    Purpose: To determine the effectiveness of percutaneous transhepatic removal of bile duct stones when the procedure of endoscopic therapy fails for reasons of anatomical anomalies or is rejected by the patient. Methods: Between April 2001 and May 2010, 261 patients (138 male patients and 123 female patients; age range, 14-92 years; mean age, 64.6 years) with bile duct stones (common bile duct [CBD] stones = 248 patients and hepatolithiasis = 13 patients) were included in the study. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography was performed, and stones were identified. Percutaneous transhepatic balloon dilation of the papilla of Vater was performed. Then stones were pushed out into the duodenum with a Fogarty balloon catheter. If the stone diameter was larger than 15 mm, then basket lithotripsy was performed before balloon dilation. Results: Overall success rate was 95.7%. The procedure was successful in 97.5% of patients with CBD stones and in 61.5% of patients with hepatolithiasis. A total of 18 major complications (6.8%), including cholangitis (n = 7), subcapsular biloma (n = 4), subcapsular hematoma (n = 1), subcapsular abscess (n = 1), bile peritonitis (n = 1), duodenal perforation (n = 1), CBD perforation (n = 1), gastroduodenal artery pseudoaneurysm (n = 1), and right hepatic artery transection (n = 1), were observed after the procedure. There was no mortality. Conclusion: Our experience suggests that percutaneous transhepatic stone expulsion into the duodenum through the papilla is an effective and safe approach in the nonoperative management of the bile duct stones. It is a feasible alternative to surgery when endoscopic extraction fails or is rejected by the patient.

  15. Complications of Percutaneous Nephrostomy, Percutaneous Insertion of Ureteral Endoprosthesis, and Replacement Procedures

    SciTech Connect

    Kaskarelis, Ioannis S.; Papadaki, Marina G.; Malliaraki, Niki E.; Robotis, Epaminondas D.; Malagari, Katerina S.; Piperopoulos, Ploutarchos N. [Department of Radiology, Evangelismos Hospital, 45 Ipsilantou Street, G-10676 Athens (Greece)

    2001-07-15

    Purpose: The aim of the present study was to record and identify the frequency of complications following percutaneous nephrostomy, replacement of nephrostomy drains and percutaneous insertion of ureteral endoprostheses.Methods: During a 10-year period 341 patients were referred to our department with indications for percutaneous nephrostomy and/or percutaneous insertion of a ureteral endoprosthesis, and a total of 1036 interventional procedures were performed (nephrostomy, catheter change, stenting).Results: There were three major complications (0.29%): two patients died during the first 30 days after the procedure, due to aggravation of their condition caused by the procedure, and one patient had retroperitoneal bleeding requiring surgery. There were 76 complications of intermediate severity (7.33%): catheter or stent displacement (n = 37, 3.57%) catheter occlusion (n = 18, 1.73%), hematuria (n = 12, 1.16%), and urinary tract infection (n = 9, 0.87%). The 55 minor complications (5.3%) comprised inflammation of the skin at the site of insertion of the percutaneous catheter.Conclusion: The small number of complications observed during acts of interventional uroradiology prove transcutaneous manipulations to be safe medical procedures.

  16. CASE REPORT Management of the Retained Percutaneous Nephrostomy Catheter

    E-print Network

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a widely accepted treatment for urinary calculi, but it is not without complications. We present the case of a 76-year-old male with a retained council tip catheter after percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Fluoroscopic guidance was used to perform percutaneous puncture of the catheter balloon, and the catheter was removed without complication. Advantages of various nephrostomy tube designs and additional measures to prevent this type of complication are discussed.

  17. [Percutaneous nephrostomy and emergency drainage in obstructive anuria].

    PubMed

    Mosbah, A; Allegue, M; Hattab, C

    1990-01-01

    Sonography seems in patients with acute renal failure a reliable method for diagnosing urinary tract obstruction, giving the kidney size and localizing the kidney for percutaneous drainage. Percutaneous nephrostomy is actually the best temporary derivation for patients with obstructive anuria before definitive treatment. 18 cases of obstructive anuria are reviewed. Urinary lithiasis is the main aetiology (13/18). 11 of our patient had undergone percutaneous nephrostomy as a first step of their treatment. PMID:2082756

  18. Minimally invasive fluoroscopic percutaneous peritoneal dialysis catheter salvage

    PubMed Central

    Narayan, Rajeev; Fried, Terrance; Chica, Gerardo; Schaefer, Mathew; Mullins, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Background Peritoneal dialysis catheter (PDC) dysfunction can often be treated fluoroscopically by manipulation with wire, balloon or stiff stylet, saving surgical intervention for refractory cases. We describe an enhanced percutaneous approach to PDC salvage that can lead to a more definitive intervention and salvage for cases refractory to fluoroscopic manipulation. Methods In five cases of PD catheter malfunction, the deep cuff was dissected free after a 0.035 hydrophilic wire was passed into the peritoneum through the PDC. Only the intraperitoneal portion of the PDC was explanted. The PDC was cleared of obstruction and omentum. The intraperitoneal portion of the PDC was reimplanted over wire via a peel-away sheath and the deep cuff sutured. Results Omental entrapment was present in three of five patients and fibrin occlusion in four of the five cases. All catheters were repaired successfully by the described technique. Post procedure, 3–5 days of lower volume, recumbent PD exchanges were performed prior to full-dose PD. No perioperative complications or leaks were noted. All PDCs were patent at 6 months. One patient required laparoscopy for recurrent omental wrapping 3 months post intervention. Conclusions PDC salvage in this manner is a cost-effective alternative to laparoscopic repair of PDCs failing catheter manipulation. The infection barrier afforded by the original superficial cuff and subcutaneous tunnel is maintained. PD can be resumed immediately. Only refractory cases need laparoscopy. This procedure allows for a more definitive correction of catheter migration and obstruction, avoids placement of a new PDC or temporary hemodialysis, is cost-effective and expands percutaneous options for dysfunctional PD catheters. PMID:25852887

  19. Brachiocephalic artery haemorrhage during percutaneous tracheostomy.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Sd; Kumar, G; Hill, Cs; Kaddour, H

    2015-03-01

    Percutaneous tracheostomy was performed on a 69-year-old woman to facilitate weaning. Insertion of the size 7 tracheostomy tube resulted in profuse bleeding around the tracheostomy site. On inflation of the tracheostomy balloon, the bleeding stopped. Urgent computed tomography demonstrated the brachiocephalic artery was abnormally high and lying in an oblique fashion over the trachea, and the tracheostomy tube was displacing the trachea posteriorly. Surgical repair of the defect in the brachiocephalic artery was undertaken and a surgical tracheostomy was performed in theatre. This case raises important issues about the potential dangers of percutaneous tracheostomy in cases of abnormal anatomy. It also emphasises the importance of direct visualisation of the seeker needle using the endoscope. In cases where there is a suspicion of abnormal anatomy, it is safer to obtain preprocedural imaging or perform a surgical tracheostomy. PMID:25723674

  20. Percutaneous endoscopic decompression for lumbar spinal stenosis.

    PubMed

    Ahn, Yong

    2014-11-01

    Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy has become a representative minimally invasive spine surgery for lumbar disc herniation. Due to the remarkable evolution in the techniques available, the paradigm of spinal endoscopy is shifting from treatments of soft disc herniation to those of lumbar spinal stenosis. Lumbar spinal stenosis can be classified into three categories according to pathological zone as follows: central stenosis, lateral recess stenosis and foraminal stenosis. Moreover, percutaneous endoscopic decompression (PED) techniques may vary according to the type of lumbar stenosis, including interlaminar PED, transforaminal PED and endoscopic lumbar foraminotomy. However, these techniques are continuously evolving. In the near future, PED for lumbar stenosis may be an efficient alternative to conventional open lumbar decompression surgery. PMID:25033889

  1. Emergency percutaneous nephrostomy in the septic kidney.

    PubMed

    Nicolescu, D; Boja, R; Osanu, V; Bakos, I; Negrut, I; Cantar, C; Schwartz, L

    1992-01-01

    From 250 upper tract obstructive uropathy cases we have studied 64 patients hospitalized with toxico-septic shock. The constant symptom was arterial hypotension. Other 3 patients with long-standing urinary infection due to lithiasis developed this dreaded complication after PNL (staghorn stones-2, pyelic stone-1). In complicated obstructive uropathy cases associated with toxico-septic shock, percutaneous nephrostomy for high urinary derivation in emergency is usually made under local anaesthesia. Its aim is rapid and efficient clearance of kidney obstruction, with minimal damage for the patient; then it is followed by strong antibiotherapy associated with other reanimation and intensive care measures. There were 11 deaths. The stone generating obstructive uropathy was removed subsequently, after the improvement of biological constants and general state of the patient, under the protection of percutaneous nephrostomy. PMID:1414717

  2. Percutaneous blood laser biostimulation: first clinical results

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Utz, Sergei R.; Tuchin, Valery V.; Yaroslavsky, Ilya V.; Utz, Irina A.; Barabanov, Alexander Y.; Osintsev, Eugene Y.; Hamburg, A. L.; Skatin, A. L.; Sinichkin, Yurii P.

    1992-06-01

    Intravascular and percutaneous irradiation of blood by low power light of He-Ne laser (wavelength 632.8 nm) is used for therapy of a wide range of diseases. Proof and optimization of photobiostimulation of human organism depends on the results of investigations in the following areas: (1) clarification of the physical and chemical mechanisms of biostimulation; (2) development of mathematical and physical methods of laser light dosimetry within tissues; and (3) accumulation of impartial clinical information. In the paper, a short survey of the hypotheses of red laser light biostimulating effect on blood is made, the problems of dosimetry during percutaneous laser treatment of blood are discussed and some results of clinical investigations are presented.

  3. Sex Differences in Percutaneous Coronary Interventions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Juzar O. Lokhandwala; Kimberly A. Skelding

    2009-01-01

    Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in women, and women have a higher cardiovascular mortality and morbidity\\u000a associated with the treatment of cardiovascular disease compared to men. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is an important\\u000a therapy for women with coronary artery disease particularly in acute coronary syndromes; however, only 33% of all PCIs are\\u000a performed in women. The purpose

  4. Gastrointestinal Bleeding after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tetsuya Tanigawa; Toshio Watanabe; Yuji Nadatani; Koji Otani; Hirohisa Machida; Hirotoshi Okazaki; Hirokazu Yamagami; Kenji Watanabe; Kazunari Tominaga; Yasuhiro Fujiwara; Tetsuo Arakawa

    2011-01-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is now performed in a wide range of patients with coronary artery disease. Complications of PCI include in-stent re-stenosis and in-stent thrombosis. According to the recent 2005 guidelines of the American College of Cardiology\\/American Heart Association\\/Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, dual antiplatelet therapy with low-dose aspirin and thienopyridine derivatives such as ticlopidine and clopidogrel should

  5. Chronic empyema thoracis after percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Sanjeev; Gautam, Shefali; Kumar, Suresh; Rai, Anurag

    2014-01-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is presently the treatment of choice for large or multiple kidney stones or stones in the calyx. PCNL is generally safe and associated with low but indisputable complication rate. Pleural injury in PCNL is a rare but severe complication which can occur during or immediately after operation. Pleural injury may lead to chronic empyema thoracis. Until now no such case has been reported in literature. PMID:24827658

  6. Percutaneous Vertebral Body Augmentation: An Updated Review

    PubMed Central

    Omidi-Kashani, Farzad

    2014-01-01

    There are many medical conditions like osteoporosis, tumor, or osteonecrosis that weaken the structural strength of the vertebral body and prone it to fracture. Percutaneous vertebral augmentation that is usually applied by polymethylmethacrylate is a relatively safe, effective, and long lasting procedure commonly performed in these situations. In this paper, we updated a review of biomechanics, indications, contraindications, surgical techniques, complications, and overall prognosis of these minimally invasive spinal procedures. PMID:25379561

  7. Effect of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty on coronary reserve

    SciTech Connect

    Lassar, T.; Hendrix, L.; Ray, G.; Schmidt, D.

    1984-01-01

    This study was done to assess the effect of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) on regional myocardial perfusion (RMP) in the region distal to a stenosis in 48 patients. Quantitative RMP in ml/100g/min was measured from the washout of Xe-133 following selective injection into the involved coronary artery. After successful dilation, determined by a reduction in %stenosis to a less than or equal to 50% lesion and in pressure gradient across the lesion, the RMP measurement was repeated. In these patients, means %stenosis was 85% pre PTCA and 29% post PTCA with mean pressure gradient of 60 Hg pre PTCA and 21 mm Hg post PTCA. 21 of these 48 patients also had RMP measured after isoproterenol (ISO) both pre and post PTCA to increase myocardial oxygen demand to assess coronary reserve. Heart rate (HR) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) were constant pre and post PTCA which allowed a valid comparison. The results are presented. A group of 13 patients with normal coronary arteries and ventricular function showed a mean control RMP of 78 +- 15 and a mean ISO RMP of 140 +- 26. The data demonstrate that following successful PTCA quantitative RMP improves both at rest and with an ISO challenge and is similar to RMP in normal coronary arteries.

  8. Chaparral Succession1 Richard J. Vogl2

    E-print Network

    Standiford, Richard B.

    in this manuscript. Rather, certain highlights of plant succession will be again presented and re the controlling factors and dynamics of succession. Chaparral vs. Classical Succession Classical plant succession with subshrubs followed by woody plants. Growth that resembles the early stages of classical primary succession

  9. Percutaneous Ultrasound Guided Implantation of VX2 for Creation of a Rabbit Hepatic Tumor Model

    PubMed Central

    White, Sarah B.; Chen, Jeane; Gordon, Andrew C.; Harris, Kathleen R.; Nicolai, Jodi R.; West, Derek L.; Larson, Andrew C.

    2015-01-01

    Creation of a VX2 tumor model has traditionally required a laparotomy and surgical implantation of tumor fragments. Open surgical procedures are invasive and require long procedure times and recovery that can result in post-operative morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study is to report the results of a percutaneous ultrasound guided method for creation of a VX2 model in rabbit livers. A total of 27 New Zealand white rabbits underwent a percutaneous ultrasound guided approach, where a VX2 tumor fragment was implanted in the liver. Magnetic resonance imaging was used to assess for tumor growth and necropsy was performed to determine rates of tract seeding and metastatic disease. Ultrasound guided tumor implantation was successful in all 27 rabbits. One rabbit died 2 days following the implantation procedure. Two rabbits had no tumors seen on follow-up imaging. Therefore, tumor development was seen in 24/26 (92%) rabbits. During the follow-up period, tract seeding was seen in 8% of rabbits and 38% had extra-hepatic metastatic disease. Therefore, percutaneous ultrasound guided tumor implantation safely provides reliable tumor growth for establishing hepatic VX2 tumors in a rabbit model with decreased rates of tract seeding, compared to previously reported methods. PMID:25853660

  10. Percutaneous Transhepatic Portography for the Treatment of Early Portal Vein Thrombosis After Surgery

    SciTech Connect

    Adani, Gian Luigi, E-mail: adanigl@hotmail.com; Baccarani, Umberto; Risaliti, Andrea [University Hospital of Udine, Department of Surgery and Transplantation (Italy); Sponza, Massimo; Gasparini, Daniele [University Hospital of Udine, Department of Interventional Radiology (Italy); Bresadola, Fabrizio; Anna, Dino de; Bresadola, Vittorio [University Hospital of Udine, Department of Surgery and Transplantation (Italy)

    2007-11-15

    We treated three cases of early portal vein thrombosis (PVT) by minimally invasive percutaneous transhepatic portography. All patients developed PVT within 30 days of major hepatic surgery (one case each of orthotopic liver transplantation, splenectomy in a previous liver transplant recipient, and right extended hepatectomy with resection and reconstruction of the left branch of the portal vein for tumor infiltration). In all cases minimally invasive percutaneous transhepatic portography was adopted to treat this complication by mechanical fragmentation and pharmacological lysis of the thrombus. A vascular stent was also positioned in the two cases in which the thrombosis was related to a surgical technical problem. Mechanical fragmentation of the thrombus with contemporaneous local urokinase administration resulted in complete removal of the clot and allowed restoration of normal blood flow to the liver after a median follow-up of 37 months. PVT is an uncommon but severe complication after major surgery or liver transplantation. Surgical thrombectomy, with or without reconstruction of the portal vein, and retransplantation are characterized by important surgical morbidity and mortality. Based on our experience, minimally invasive percutaneous transhepatic portography should be considered an option toward successful recanalization of early PVT after major liver surgery including transplantation. Balloon dilatation and placement of a vascular stent could help to decrease the risk of recurrent thrombosis when a defective surgical technique is the reason for the thrombosis.

  11. Image-Guided Percutaneous Bone Biopsy with a Simulated Van Sonnenberg Removable Hub System

    PubMed Central

    Ozdemir, Zeynep Maras; Kahraman, Aysegul Sagir; Baysal, Tamer; Kutlu, Ramazan; Ozturk, Mehmet Halil; Hekimoglu, Baki; Guvercinci, Meltem

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To retrospectively examine the success and complication rates associated with image-guided percutaneous bone biopsy with a simulated Van Sonnenberg removable hub system. Materials and Methods: During a 3.5-year period, 27 bone lesions at different anatomic locations with an indication for biopsy based on plain film, computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings were determined, and a total of 28 image-guided (fluoroscopy or CT) percutaneous biopsies were performed using a simulated Van Sonnenberg -removable hub system. This technique entailed the use of a cut-out Chiba needle hub that performed as a guide for the insertion of a larger needle. Either core and aspiration biopsy or core biopsy alone was utilized. Results: The procedure yielded diagnostic material 89% of the cases (48% infection, 22% benign lesions, and 19% malignant lesions). Combined use of core and aspiration biopsy resulted in a higher diagnostic accuracy as compared to core biopsy alone. No false positive or false negative diagnoses were observed. No serious complications such as neurological deficits, bleeding, or organ injury were observed. Conclusion: The simulated Van Sonnenberg removable hub system provides a useful technique for percutaneous bone biopsies and is particulary suitable for deep seated (such as vertebral) lesions with its ability to facilitate the accessibility of the lesion with its built-in guidance needle. The procedure is safe in light of the literature data. PMID:25745339

  12. Limitations of Closing Percutaneous Transthoracic Ventricular Access Ports Using a Commercial Collagen Vascular Closure Device

    PubMed Central

    Barbash, Israel M.; Saikus, Christina E.; Ratnayaka, Kanishka; Faranesh, Anthony Z.; Kocaturk, Ozgur; Wu, Vincent; Bell, Jamie A.; Schenke, William H.; Raman, Venkatesh K.; Lederman, Robert J.

    2011-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Closed-chest access and closure of direct cardiac punctures may enable a range of therapeutic procedures. We evaluate the safety and feasibility of closing percutaneous direct ventricular access sites using a commercial collagen-based femoral artery closure device. METHODS Yorkshire swine underwent percutaneous transthoracic left ventricular access (n=13). The access port was closed using a commercial collagen-based vascular closure device (Angio-Seal, St Jude Medical) with or without prior separation of the pericardial layers by instillation of fluid into the pericardial space (“permissive pericardial tamponade”). After initial nonsurvival feasibility experiments (n=6); animals underwent one-week (n=3) or six-week follow up (n=4). RESULTS In naïve animals, the collagen plug tended to deploy outside the parietal pericardium, where it failed to accomplish hemostasis. “Permissive pericardial tamponade” was created under MRI, and accomplished early hemostasis by allowing the collagen sponge to seat on the epicardial surface inside the pericardium. After successful closure, six of seven animals accumulated a large pericardial effusion 5±1 days after closure. Despite percutaneous drainage during 6-week follow-up, the large pericardial effusion recurred in half, and was lethal in one. CONCLUSIONS A commercial collagen based vascular closure device may achieve temporary but not durable hemostasis when closing a direct left ventricular puncture port, but only after intentional pericardial separation. These insights may contribute to development of a superior device solution. Elective clinical application of this device to close apical access ports should be avoided. PMID:21234923

  13. Percutaneous Ablation of Peripheral Pseudoaneurysms Using Thrombin: A Simple and Effective Solution

    SciTech Connect

    Owen, Richard J.T.; Haslam, Philip J.; Elliott, Simon T.; Rose, John D.G.; Loose, Henry W. [Department of Clinical Radiology, Freeman Hospital, High Heaton, Newcastle upon Tyne NE7 7DN (United Kingdom)

    2000-11-15

    Purpose: To assess the effectiveness of tissue adhesive and thrombin solution in the percutaneous ablation of peripheral artery pseudoaneurysms.Methods: Twenty-five pseudoaneurysms were treated over a 33-month period; all had failed ultrasound-guided compression. Tissue adhesive or thrombin solution was injected percutaneously, with needle tip position and changes within the aneurysm confirmed with color Doppler ultrasound. In 19 cases we utilized a protective balloon inflated across the aneurysm neck prior to the injection of tissue adhesive and in six cases used thrombin injection alone. Seven patients were anticoagulated. Patients were followed up after the procedure.Results: All 25 aneurysms were treated successfully; two patients required a return visit and there were no immediate complications or peripheral emboli detected. One patient developed a contralateral pseudoaneurysm.Conclusions: The percutaneous injection of pseudoaneurysms is a safe, a traumatic, and effective treatment for femoral artery pseudoaneurysms in the peripheral circulation. There are significant advantages over ultrasound-guided compression or surgical repair.

  14. Safety and Efficacy of Percutaneous CT-Guided Drainage in the Management of Abdominopelvic Abscess

    PubMed Central

    Shahnazi, Makhtoom; Khatami, Alireza; Jamzad, Abbas; Shohitavi, Shomal

    2014-01-01

    Background: Abdominopelvic fluid collection and abscess management and their outcomes have improved in the recent years due to innovation of the image-guided drainage technique and improvement of surgical procedures Objectives: This study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of CT-guided percutaneous drainage in treating abdominopelvic abscesses. Patients and Methods: In this study, the data of 41 patients who had abdominal abscess or fluid collections, and underwent treatment by percutaneous CT-guided drainage were analyzed. Treatment was assessed by reduction of collection size, relief of symptoms and signs including abdominal pain and fever and imaging findings. Any morbidity such as wound infection, sepsis, hematoma formation or peritonitis was followed up to six months after the procedure. Results: The average age of the patients was 54 years (range 12 to 79), including 21 (51%) men and 20 (49%) women. The common signs and symptoms were pain (83%) and fever (80.5%). The most prevalent abdominal abscess etiology was previous surgery in 31 cases (75.5%). Abscess diameter ranged between 5 and 12 cm (mean, 7.8 cm). The average hospital stay was 8 days (4-15). Thirty five cases (86%) were successfully treated. Only one case (2.5%) developed complication (peritonitis) after the procedure. Conclusions: According to our findings, CT-guided percutaneous drainage is a safe and effective procedure in the treatment of abdominal abscess and fluid collection.

  15. Image-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy of musculoskeletal tumors in children.

    PubMed

    Mitton, Bryan; Seeger, Leanne L; Eckardt, Mark A; Motamedi, Kambiz; Eilber, Fritz C; Nelson, Scott D; Eckardt, Jeffrey J; Federman, Noah

    2014-07-01

    The use of image-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy (PCNB) to obtain tissue diagnosis of musculoskeletal lesions has become the standard of care in adult patients with a success rate of over 80%. Previous reports indicate a similar success rate in diagnosing pediatric solid tumors. In this large study, we analyzed >10 years of data in which PCNB was used for tissue diagnosis of musculoskeletal lesions in children; we evaluated the histopathologic accuracy, anesthetic requirements, and complications of these procedures. In 122 children, tissue diagnosis was successfully obtained in 82% of cases, and there were 0 complications associated with the procedure. There was a significantly higher PCNB diagnostic success rate in malignant lesions (93%). These data suggest that the use of PCNB is a safe and effective means of diagnosing musculoskeletal lesions in children. PMID:23588331

  16. Urologist-Acquired Renal Access for Percutaneous Renal Surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David B Lashley; Eugene F Fuchs

    1998-01-01

    Objectives. In most endourology programs an interventional radiologist is employed to acquire renal access for percutaneous renal surgery. Over the last 13 years the senior endourologist at Oregon Health Sciences University has acquired access without employing a radiologist. We report our experience with urologist-acquired renal access for percutaneous renal surgery in 522 cases.Methods. We reviewed the records of all patients

  17. Reducing Percutaneous Injuries in the OR by Educational Methods

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cherie L. Holodnick; Violet H. Barkauskas

    2000-01-01

    Exposure to bloodborne pathogens (eg, HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C) through percutaneous injuries is an occupational risk for health care workers, especially those in the OR. The incidence of disease continues to rise, although occupational exposures often go unreported. Percutaneous injury prevention methods have included use of safety devices, practice changes, and educational programs. An educational intervention to increase awareness

  18. Vascular injuries after percutaneous renal procedures: treatment by transcatheter embolization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Claudio Vignali; Simone Lonzi; Irene Bargellini; Roberto Cioni; Pasquale Petruzzi; Davide Caramella; Carlo Bartolozzi

    2004-01-01

    Percutaneous renal procedures have become the standard technique for diagnosis and treatment of a number of renal pathologies. Hemorrhage and vascular lesions are the most serious complications. We report our experience with 15 patients treated by hyperselective vascular embolization. Fifteen patients (10 men and 5 women; mean age 55 years) had severe perioperative hemorrhage after percutaneous renal procedures, due to arterial

  19. Abdominal wall cellulitis and sepsis secondary to percutaneous cecostomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas J. Maginot; Philip N. Cascade

    1993-01-01

    We report 1 case of abdominal wall cellulitis and sepsis which developed following percutaneous placement of a Cope catheter\\u000a for cecal decompression in a patient with Ogilvie's syndrome. This case highlights that further laboratory investigation and\\u000a clinical evaluation are needed to determine the safest and most efficacious technique of percutaneous drainage.

  20. Interventional Radiology Robot for CT and MRI Guided Percutaneous Interventions

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Interventional Radiology Robot for CT and MRI Guided Percutaneous Interventions Nikolai Hungr1 introduces a new patient-mounted CT and MRI guided interventional radiology robot for percutaneous needle: Interventional radiology, Robotics, CT, MRI, Image guided, Ultrasonic motors, Magnetic resonance compatibility

  1. Percutaneous transvenous angioplasty in the treatment of vascular access stenosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerald A Beathard

    1992-01-01

    Percutaneous transvenous angioplasty in the treatment of vascular access stenosis. This study was undertaken to evaluate percutaneous transvenous angioplasty (PTVA) for the treatment of all types of vascular access stenosis in a large population of dialysis patients. Stenoses were identified by venography in patients who met a set of clinical criteria indicating the need for evaluation. The lesions were classified

  2. Percutaneous Endoscopic Holmium Laser Lithotripsy for Management of Complicated Biliary Calculi

    PubMed Central

    Healy, Kelly; Chamsuddin, Abbas; Spivey, James; Martin, Louis; Nieh, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Advances in endoscopic techniques have transformed the management of urolithiasis. We sought to evaluate the role of such urological interventions for the treatment of complex biliary calculi. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of all patients (n=9) undergoing percutaneous holmium laser lithotripsy for complicated biliary calculi over a 4-year period (12/2003 to 12/2007). All previously failed standard techniques include ERCP with sphincterotomy (n=6), PTHC (n=7), or both of these. Access to the biliary system was obtained via an existing percutaneous transhepatic catheter or T-tube tracts. Endoscopic holmium laser lithotripsy was performed via a flexible cystoscope or ureteroscope. Stone clearance was confirmed intra- and postoperatively. A percutaneous transhepatic drain was left indwelling for follow-up imaging. Results: Mean patient age was 65.6 years (range, 38 to 92). Total stone burden ranged from 1.7 cm to 5 cm. All 9 patients had stones located in the CBD, with 2 patients also having additional stones within the hepatic ducts. All 9 patients (100%) were visually stone-free after one endoscopic procedure. No major perioperative complications occurred. Mean length of stay was 2.4 days. At a mean radiological follow-up of 5.4 months (range, 0.5 to 21), no stone recurrence was noted. Conclusions: Percutaneous endoscopic holmium laser lithotripsy is a minimally invasive alternative to open salvage surgery for complex biliary calculi refractory to standard approaches. This treatment is both safe and efficacious. Success depends on a multidisciplinary approach. PMID:19660213

  3. Graft Loss Due to Percutaneous Sclerotherapy of a Lymphocele Using Acetic Acid After Renal Transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Adani, Gian Luigi, E-mail: adanigl@hotmail.com; Baccarani, Umberto; Bresadola, Vittorio; Lorenzin, Dario [University School of Medicine, Department of Surgery and Transplantation (Italy); Montanaro, Domenico [AOSMM, Sauta Maria della Misericordia Hospital, Division of Nephrology (Italy); Risaliti, Andrea; Terrosu, Giovanni [University School of Medicine, Department of Surgery and Transplantation (Italy); Sponza, Massimo [AOSMM, Sauta Maria della Misericordia Hospital, Department of Radiology (Italy); Bresadola, Fabrizio [University School of Medicine, Department of Surgery and Transplantation (Italy)

    2005-12-15

    Development of lymphoceles after renal transplantation is a well-described complication that occurs in up to 40% of recipients. The gold standard approach for the treatment of symptomatic cases is not well defined yet. Management options include simple aspiration, marsupialization by a laparotomy or laparoscopy, and percutaneous sclerotherapy using different chemical agents. Those approaches can be associated, and they depend on type, dimension, and localization of the lymphocele. Percutaneous sclerotherapy is considered to be less invasive than the surgical approach; it can be used safely and effectively, with low morbidity, in huge, rapidly accumulating lymphoceles. Moreover, this approach is highly successful, and the complication rate is acceptable; the major drawback is a recurrence rate close to 20%. We herewith report a renal transplant case in which the patient developed a symptomatic lymphocele that was initially treated by ultrasound-guided percutaneous sclerotherapy with ethanol and thereafter using acetic acid for early recurrence. A few hours after injection of acetic acid in the lymphatic cavity, the patient started to complain of acute pain localized to the renal graft and fever. An ultrasound of the abdomen revealed thrombosis of the renal vein and artery. The patient was immediately taken to the operating room, where the diagnosis of vascular thrombosis was confirmed and the graft was urgently explanted. In conclusion, we strongly suggest avoiding the use of acetic acid as a slerosating agent for the percutaneous treatment of post-renal transplant lymphocele because, based on our experience, it could be complicated by vascular thrombosis of the kidney, ending in graft loss.

  4. Technical and Clinical Results After Percutaneous Angioplasty in Nonmedial Fibromuscular Dysplasia: Outcome After Endovascular Management of Unifocal Renal Artery Stenoses in 30 Patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pierre Barrier; Auriol Julien; Canevet Guillaume; Otal Philippe; Rousseau Herve; Joffre Francis

    2010-01-01

    Although percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) is associated with excellent results in medial fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD), the clinical and technical outcome in the less common nonmedial subtype of FMD is not clearly known. Angiographic PTRA results and clinical follow-up were documented, to report technical and clinical results in 30 patients with unifocal, nonmedial dysplastic stenoses. Balloon angioplasty was technically successful

  5. Endoscopic percutaneous drainage of a renal echinococcal cyst during percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

    PubMed

    el Khader, K; Koutani, A; el Mamoun, M; Ibn Attya, A; Hachimi, M; Lakrissa, A

    1998-03-01

    In Morocco, hydatid disease is endemic and constitutes a major problem of public health. Renal echinococcal cyst ranks third after pulmonary and hepatic locations. We report a case of renal echinococcal cyst diagnosed during percutaneous nephrolithotomy which was treated endoscopically. To our knowledge, this situation has not been reported previously in the literature. PMID:9611359

  6. Iliofemoral Deep Vein Thrombosis: Conventional Therapy Versus Lysis and Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty and Stenting

    PubMed Central

    AbuRahma, Ali F.; Perkins, Samuel E.; Wulu, John T.; Ng, Hong K.

    2001-01-01

    Objective To compare conventional treatment (heparin and warfarin) of iliofemoral venous thrombosis with multimodality treatment (lysis and stenting). Summary Background Data Several studies have reported on conventional therapy for iliofemoral venous thrombosis with disappointing results. However, more recent studies have reported better results with multimodality treatment. Methods Fifty-one consecutive patients with extensive iliofemoral venous thrombosis were treated during a 10-year period. If there were no contraindications, patients were given the option to choose between conventional therapy (group 1) and multimodality therapy (group 2). The multimodality treatment strategy included catheter-directed lysis followed by percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty (PTA) and stenting for residual iliac stenoses. All patients underwent routine venous duplex imaging at 30 days, 3 months, 6 months, and every 6 months thereafter. Results There were 33 patients in group 1 and 18 patients in group 2. Demographic and clinical characteristics were comparable for both groups. Initial lysis was achieved in 16 of 18 patients (89%) in group 2. Ten of 18 patients in group 2 had residual stenosis after lysis (8 primary and 2 secondary to malignancy), and they were treated with PTA/stenting with an initial success rate of 90%. Two patients in group 1 (6%) had a symptomatic pulmonary embolism (none in group 2). At 30 days, venous patency and symptom resolution were achieved in 1 of 33 patients (3%) in group 1 versus 15 of 18 (83%) in group 2. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed primary iliofemoral venous patency rates at 1, 3, and 5 years of 24%, 18%, and 18% and 83%, 69%, and 69% for groups 1 and 2, respectively. Long-term symptom resolution was achieved in 10 of 33 patients (30%) in group 1 versus 14 of 18 (78%) in group 2. Kaplan-Meier life table analysis showed similar survival rates at 1, 3, and 5 years of 100%, 93%, and 85% for group 1 and 100%, 93%, and 81% for group 2. Conclusions Lysis/stenting treatment was more effective than conventional treatment in patients with iliofemoral vein thrombosis. PMID:11371733

  7. Determining the angle and depth of puncture for fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous renal access in the prone position

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Gyanendra; Sharma, Anshu

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Optimal renal access is necessary for ensuring a successful and complication-free percutaneous nephrolithotomy. We describe a technique to determine the angle and depth of puncture for fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous renal access in the prone position. Materials and Methods: Forty-two consecutive patients undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy from January 2014 had a fluoroscopy-guided access in the prone position. Using the bull's eye technique, the site of skin puncture and the angle of puncture were determined. These parameters were utilized to calculate, mathematically, the depth of the targeted calyx. These measurements were then utilized for puncture. The actual depth of puncture was then calculated. The number of attempts, time of fluoroscopy and difference between estimated and actual depth were noted and analyzed. Results and Limitations: There was a difference of 0-3 mm between the estimated and the actual depth at which puncture was made. Single-attempt puncture was possible in >95% cases. No complications related to access were observed. Conclusion: By estimating the angle and depth of puncture, the percutaneous renal access becomes technically less challenging. PMID:25624574

  8. Acute respiratory distress syndrome after percutaneous cryotherapy for a pulmonary metastatic lesion.

    PubMed

    Tasaka, Sadatomo; Tomomatsu, Katsuyoshi; Funatsu, Yohei; Soejima, Kenzo; Ishizaka, Akitoshi

    2010-01-01

    Percutaneous cryotherapy (PCT) under computed tomographic guidance is minimally invasive, with satisfactory local control of primary lung cancer and pulmonary metastatic lesions. We report a case of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in a patient who underwent PCT for lung metastasis of recurrent esophageal cancer. The patient responded to pulse steroid therapy and recovered from severe respiratory failure. Excessive inflammatory response to necrotic debris might contribute to the development of ARDS. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report describing the details of ARDS following PCT. PMID:20190478

  9. Percutaneous nephrostomy insertion: outcome data from a propspective multi-operator study at a UK training centre

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. M Wah; M. J Weston; H. C Irving

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To determine the success and complication rates of percutaneous nephrostomies (PCNs) performed at a UK training centre over a one-year period by different groups of operators.MATERIALS AND METHODS: During 2002, a total of 276 PCNs were performed in 190 patients by operators of varying experience. We employed two different techniques: (1) a “Seldinger” technique (ultrasound-guided puncture with a 19G

  10. Effectiveness of and adverse events after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with mild versus severe renal failure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark H Rubenstein; Boris V Sheynberg; Lari C Harrell; Heribert Schunkert; Hasan Bazari; Igor F Palacios

    2001-01-01

    Patients with renal failure undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) experience reduced procedural success rates and increased in-hospital and long-term follow-up major adverse cardiac events. This study was designed to determine whether the severity of preprocedural renal failure influences the outcomes of patients with renal failure undergoing PCI. We compared the immediate and long-term outcomes of 192 patients with mild renal

  11. Feasibility study on the treatment of small breast carcinoma using percutaneous US-guided preferential radiofrequency ablation (PRFA)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hans Wiksell; Lars Löfgren; Kai-Uwe Schässburger; Helene Grundström; Marina Janicijevic; Ulla Lagerstedt; Karin Leifland; Rolf Nybom; Samuel Rotstein; Ariel Saracco; Inkeri Schultz; Karin Thorneman; Carl Wadström; Lars Westman; Hans Wigzell; Brigitte Wilczek; Gert Auer; Bengt Sandstedt

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of percutaneous ultrasound (US) guided preferential radiofrequency ablation (PRFA) of unifocal human invasive breast carcinoma with largest radiological diameters of up to 16 mm. Thirty-three patients were enrolled in a study to be treated prior to scheduled partial mastectomy. A needle-shaped treatment electrode, successively developed in two different sizes,

  12. Radiotherapy-Related Axillary Artery Occlusive Disease: Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty and Stenting. Two Case Reports and Review of the Literature

    SciTech Connect

    Farrugia, M., E-mail: mark.farrugia@newhamhealth.nhs.uk; Gowda, K.M.S. [Newham University Hospital, Department of Interventional Radiology (United Kingdom); Cheatle, T.R. [Oldchurch Hospital, Department of Vascular Surgery (United Kingdom); Ashok, T.P. [Newham University Hospital, Department of Interventional Radiology (United Kingdom)

    2006-12-15

    Radiotherapy-related axillary artery occlusive disease is a relatively rare condition. This complication is usually encountered in patients with breast carcinoma treated by radiotherapy and might be frequently concealed by the presence of lymphoedema. We discuss this rare complication of radiotherapy treatment for breast cancer and present two cases and their successful treatment by a modified percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting technique. A review of literature on the subject is also presented.

  13. Iatrogenic Aorto-Cisterna Chyli Fistula During Percutaneous Balloon Aortoplasty in a Patient with Takayasu's Arteritis: A Case Report

    SciTech Connect

    Hwang, Hye Sun; Shin, Sung Wook, E-mail: swshin@smc.samsung.co.kr; Kim, Eun Hui; Do, Young Soo; Choo, Sung Wook; Cho, Sung Ki; Park, Kwang Bo [Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Sciences, Samsung Medical Center (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-04-15

    We present a case of iatrogenic aorto-cisterna chyli fistula that developed during percutaneous transluminal aortoplasty in a 16-year old girl with Takayasu's arteritis. The aorto-cisterna chyli fistula was angiographically confirmed and treated using a stent-graft, which successfully occluded the fistula. Her claudication then improved, although follow-up CT angiography at 10 months revealed mild recurrent aortic stenosis.

  14. Orthopedic surgical analyzer for percutaneous vertebroplasty

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tack, Gye Rae; Choi, Hyung Guen; Lim, Do H.; Lee, Sung J.

    2001-05-01

    Since the spine is one of the most complex joint structures in the human body, its surgical treatment requires careful planning and high degree of precision to avoid any unwanted neurological compromises. In addition, comprehensive biomechanical analysis can be very helpful because the spine is subject to a variety of load. In case for the osteoporotic spine in which the structural integrity has been compromised, it brings out the double challenges for a surgeon both clinically and biomechanically. Thus, we have been developing an integrated medical image system that is capable of doing the both. This system is called orthopedic surgical analyzer and it combines the clinical results from image-guided examination and the biomechanical data from finite element analysis. In order to demonstrate its feasibility, this system was applied to percutaneous vertebroplasty. Percutaneous vertebroplasty is a surgical procedure that has been recently introduced for the treatment of compression fracture of the osteoporotic vertebrae. It involves puncturing vertebrae and filling with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). Recent studies have shown that the procedure could provide structural reinforcement for the osteoporotic vertebrae while being minimally invasive and safe with immediate pain relief. However, treatment failures due to excessive PMMA volume injection have been reported as one of complications. It is believed that control of PMMA volume is one of the most critical factors that can reduce the incidence of complications. Since the degree of the osteoporosis can influence the porosity of the cancellous bone in the vertebral body, the injection volume can be different from patient to patient. In this study, the optimal volume of PMMA injection for vertebroplasty was predicted based on the image analysis of a given patient. In addition, biomechanical effects due to the changes in PMMA volume and bone mineral density (BMD) level were investigated by constructing clinically relevant finite element models. In conclusion, we were able to demonstrate the feasibility of our orthopedic surgical analyzer in a case for percutaneous vertebroplasty.

  15. Percutaneous treatment of a free-floating thrombus in the right atrium of a patient with pulmonary embolism and acute myocarditis.

    PubMed

    Momose, Tomoyasu; Morita, Takehiro; Misawa, Takuo

    2013-04-01

    Free-floating thrombi in the right atrium (RA) are extremely hazardous to patients with pulmonary thromboembolism, and optimal treatment methods remain unclear. We report a case of successful percutaneous intervention of a critical right atrial thrombus. The patient was a 50-year-old woman who had been under medication for acute myocarditis when she complained of sudden severe dyspnea. Echocardiography showed a mobile snake-like thrombus in the RA. The thrombus was pulled back to the distal inferior vena cava (IVC) using a catheter and an IVC filter was placed. Percutaneous treatment is useful for treating free-floating RA thrombi. PMID:23076817

  16. Transcatheter CT Hepatic Arteriography-Guided Percutaneous Ablation to Treat Ablation Site Recurrences of Colorectal Liver Metastases: The Incomplete Ring Sign.

    PubMed

    van Tilborg, Aukje A J M; Scheffer, Hester J; van der Meijs, Bram B; van Werkum, Michiel H; Melenhorst, Marleen C A M; van den Tol, Petrousjka M; Meijerink, Martijn R

    2015-04-01

    Transcatheter computed tomography (CT) arterial portography-guided percutaneous liver tumor ablation has been proved to be feasible and accurate in treating liver metastases from colorectal origin that are obscure on ultrasound and unenhanced CT. However, distinguishing local recurrence from scars after ablation can still be difficult. This report describes nine patients with recurrences after ablation in whom transcatheter CT hepatic arteriography allowed differentiation of recurring and residual tumor tissue (incomplete ring enhancing lesion) from tumor-free nonenhancing scars. Using CT hepatic arteriography, it is possible to plan and guide percutaneous retreatment and confirm technical success without performing oversized repeat ablations or jeopardizing patients renal function. PMID:25805540

  17. Successful Concepts

    Cancer.gov

    Successful Concepts Study Rationale Condition to be studied is common and of great enough severity in the proposed study population to justify an intervention Focus background rationale on mechanism(s) likely to be relevant Is Intervention likely

  18. Percutaneous Cryoablation and Vertebroplasty: A Case Report

    SciTech Connect

    Masala, Salvatore ['Tor Vergata' University General Hospital, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Molecular Imaging, Interventional Radiology and Radiotherapy (Italy); Roselli, Mario ['Tor Vergata' University General Hospital, Department of Medical Oncology (Italy); Manenti, Guglielmo; Mammucari, Matteo; Bartolucci, Dario Alberto, E-mail: el3arto@gmail.com; Simonetti, Giovanni ['Tor Vergata' University General Hospital, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Molecular Imaging, Interventional Radiology and Radiotherapy (Italy)

    2008-05-15

    A 70-year-old man with a painful vertebral metastasis was treated with combined percutaneous cryoablation and vertebroplasty therapy (CVT) in one session. The patient was suffering from diffuse visceral metastasized cholangiocarcinoma. After several weeks of back pain, magnetic resonance imaging documented a single L2 bone metastasis. In consultation with the oncologists, palliative combined CVT was administered with the aim of obtaining pain relief and bone stabilization. In our experience this combined treatment is safe and effective for immediate pain relief in painful bone metastases when other standard palliative treatments have failed.

  19. Percutaneous ultrasonic lithotripsy: choice of irrigant.

    PubMed

    Schultz, R E; Hanno, P M; Wein, A J; Levin, R M; Pollack, H M; Van Arsdalen, K N

    1983-11-01

    Extravasation of glycine irrigant during percutaneous ultrasonic lithotripsy has caused a transurethral resection syndrome consisting of hypertension, confusion and hyponatremia. With a rabbit model this complication is recreated with the intraperitoneal instillation of 1.5 per cent glycine solution tagged with 14carbon-glycine. Significant quantitative absorption of glycine into blood and other organs is demonstrated. A review of the literature reveals few guidelines as to the choice of irrigant for intrarenal endoscopy. Since this procedure involves no electric current it is suggested that physiological saline rather than glycine be used for ultrasonic stone disintegration. PMID:6632090

  20. Outpatient tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy and concomitant cystolitholapaxy

    PubMed Central

    Lehmann, Kyle J.; Beiko, Darren

    2014-01-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a widely employed endourologic procedure to remove renal stones. Traditionally, PCNL has been performed on an inpatient basis, with patients routinely hospitalized postoperatively. Given the ongoing rising healthcare costs, a shift toward outpatient surgery is desirable. We report the case of a 21-year-old female who was safely discharged a few hours following uncomplicated tubeless PCNL and concomitant cystolitholapaxy for a stent with encrustation on its distal coil. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first published case of tubeless PCNL with concomitant cystolitholapaxy performed on an entirely outpatient basis. PMID:24678360

  1. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy and ureteroscopy in children: evolutions.

    PubMed

    Long, Christopher J; Srinivasan, Arun K

    2015-02-01

    The increasing incidence of pediatric stone disease has coincided with significant advances in technology and equipment, resulting in drastic improvements in management. Miniaturization of both ureteroscopes and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) equipment has facilitated access to the entirety of the urinary tract and has made ureteroscopy a first-line therapy option along with shock-wave lithotripsy for kidney and ureteral stones. Advances in PCNL have decreased patient morbidity while preserving stone clearance rates. In this review, the advances in operative approach for ureteroscopy and PCNL in children and its applicability to current surgical management of pediatric stone disease are discussed. PMID:25455168

  2. Utility of Optical Coherence Tomography to Assess a Hazy Intracoronary Image after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Salinas, Pablo; Jimenez-Valero, Santiago; Moreno, Raul

    2013-01-01

    Although its use in daily practice is not common, optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a powerful research tool in invasive cardiology. This report describes a hazy angiography image after percutaneous coronary intervention that has been assessed using OCT. Based on the results of the OCT, the patient underwent an elective coronary angioplasty with standard anticoagulation. After implantation of the stent, an intracoronary hazy image was seen on angiography. The use of OCT permitted a correct diagnosis and a successful treatment. This paper provides a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of OCT, and a comparison with intravascular ultrasound. PMID:23407580

  3. Transfromation of percutaneous extracorporeal life support to paracorporeal ventricular assist device: a case report.

    PubMed

    Kim, Chilsung; Cho, Yang Hyun; Sung, Kiick; Yang, Ji-Hyuk

    2014-08-01

    Percutaneous extracorporeal life support (P-ECLS) is a useful modality for the management of refractory cardiac or pulmonary failure. However, venoarterial P-ECLS may result in a complication of left ventricular distension. In this case report, we discuss a patient with drug-induced dilated cardiomyopathy managed with venoarterial P-ECLS and a left atrial vent catheter. The venoarterial P-ECLS was modified to a paracorporeal left ventricular assist device (LVAD) by removing the femoral venous cannula. After 28 days of hospitalization, the patient was successfully weaned from the paracorporeal LVAD and discharged home from the hospital. PMID:25207254

  4. Lumbar plexopathy as a complication of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in a horseshoe kidney

    PubMed Central

    Lantz, Andrea G.; Honey, R. John D’A

    2015-01-01

    Treatment of nephrolithiasis in horseshoe kidneys can be challenging due to anomalies in renal position, collecting system anatomy and vascular supply. We report on a patient who was referred after a failed percutaneous nephrolithotomy for a left moiety staghorn calculus in a horseshoe kidney. Two punctures had been performed involving upper and middle posterior calyces. Both were very medially placed and inadvertently traversed the psoas muscle, resulting in lumbar plexopathy with permanent deficit. This complication presented postoperatively with left leg weakness, paresthesia, and pain which impaired independent ambulation. The patient went on to be successfully treated for her stone disease with robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyelolithotomy. PMID:25737767

  5. Transfromation of Percutaneous Extracorporeal Life Support to Paracorporeal Ventricular Assist Device: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Chilsung; Cho, Yang Hyun; Sung, Kiick; Yang, Ji-Hyuk

    2014-01-01

    Percutaneous extracorporeal life support (P-ECLS) is a useful modality for the management of refractory cardiac or pulmonary failure. However, venoarterial P-ECLS may result in a complication of left ventricular distension. In this case report, we discuss a patient with drug-induced dilated cardiomyopathy managed with venoarterial P-ECLS and a left atrial vent catheter. The venoarterial P-ECLS was modified to a paracorporeal left ventricular assist device (LVAD) by removing the femoral venous cannula. After 28 days of hospitalization, the patient was successfully weaned from the paracorporeal LVAD and discharged home from the hospital. PMID:25207254

  6. Myocardial perfusion imaging with thallium-201 to evaluate patients before and after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

    SciTech Connect

    DePuey, E.G. (St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine, New York, NY (United States))

    1991-09-01

    Thallium-201 imaging may be used to help determine the distribution and amount of myocardium in jeopardy and the success of revascularization after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. Single photon emission computed tomography is particularly advantageous because of its ability to differentiate vascular territories and thus evaluate patients with multivessel disease. Myocardial infarction resulting from complications such as distal embolization and side-branch occlusion can be detected. Thallium-201 imaging early after angioplasty may show abnormal results caused by transiently insufficient coronary flow reserve. However, studies performed 6 weeks or more after angioplasty accurately detect early restenosis and may identify those individuals likely to become symptomatic and eventually develop restenosis in the future.

  7. Excimer laser atherectomy to overcome intraprocedural obstacles in chronic total occlusion percutaneous intervention: Case examples.

    PubMed

    Sapontis, James; Grantham, J Aaron; Marso, Steven P

    2015-02-15

    Technical advances and the development of the Hybrid algorithm have been associated with higher success rates in chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary intervention (CTO-PCI). Nevertheless, there are still intraprocedural obstacles that result in failure or prolonged procedure time. The Excimer coronary laser (EL) has been repurposed in CTO-PCI to overcome such obstacles. This case series illustrates the use of the EL in four technically complex scenarios including the balloon resistant lesion, the impenetrable proximal cap, device resistance in stent restenosis, and difficulty with device tracking in the subintima. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25257254

  8. Subcutaneous implantation of satellite transmitters with percutaneous antennae into male polar bears (Ursus maritimus)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Mulcahy, D.M.; Garner, G.

    1999-01-01

    Male polar bears (Ursus maritimus) have not been successfully instrumented with satellite transmitters because they readily shed collar-mounted transmitters. Seven male polar bears were captured on the pack ice off the northern coast of Alaska and surgically implanted with satellite transmitters with percutaneous antennae into the subcutaneous space of the dorsal cervical region. Transmitters failed prematurely with lifetimes of 30-161 days (x?? = 97 days). Efforts to relocate implanted bears after transmitters failed were not successful. The mean number of location solutions per transmitter was 204 (range 118-369). An average of 10% and 19% of the locations were accurate to <150 m and to 150-350 m, respectively. Our successful tracking of male polar bears, the high quality of locations obtained from transmitters with percutaneous antennae implanted in the subcutaneous space, and the low visibility of such units make further technical development worthwhile if the reason for premature failure of the transmitters can be determined. Copyright 1999 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians.

  9. A randomized trial of transfer for primary angioplasty versus on-site thrombolysis in patients with high-risk myocardial infarction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cindy L Grines; Donald R Westerhausen; Lorelei L Grines; J. Timothy Hanlon; Timothy L Logemann; Matti Niemela; W. Douglas Weaver; Marianne Graham; Judith Boura; William W O’Neill; Carlos Balestrini

    2002-01-01

    ObjectivesThe Air Primary Angioplasty in Myocardial Infarction (PAMI) study was designed to determine the best reperfusion strategy for patients with high-risk acute myocardial infarction (AMI) at hospitals without percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) capability.

  10. Percutaneous plasma mediated radiofrequency ablation of spinal osteoid osteomas.

    PubMed

    Dasenbrock, Hormuzdiyar H; Gandhi, Dheeraj; Kathuria, Sudhir

    2012-05-01

    Plasma mediated radiofrequency ablation (pmRFA) may allow for the percutaneous treatment of spinal tumors with a decreased risk of thermal injury to neural structures compared with traditional (radiofrequency or interstitial laser) ablation. However, usage of pmRFA has not been previously reported for a primary bone tumor, including an osteoid osteoma. Three patients with a spinal osteoid osteoma underwent pmRFA. The procedure was performed under computed tomography guidance using the 11 gauge Coblation SpineWand (ArthroCare). One lesion (at T11) was directly abutting the spinal canal. With an average follow-up of 20.7 (range 16-24) months, the mean Visual Analog Scale score for back pain decreased from 8.67 to 0.67 and no patient experienced tumor recurrence. pmRFA of spinal osteoid osteomas is feasible, even when the tumor is abutting the spinal canal. Larger studies with a longer follow-up are needed to further delineate the safety and efficacy of this technique. PMID:21990513

  11. [Percutaneous tracheostomy in the ventilated patient].

    PubMed

    Añón, J M; Araujo, J B; Escuela, M P; González-Higueras, E

    2014-04-01

    The medical indications of tracheostomy comprise the alleviation of upper airway obstruction; the prevention of laryngeal and upper airway damage due to prolonged translaryngeal intubation in patients subjected to prolonged mechanical ventilation; and the facilitation of airway access for the removal of secretions. Since 1985, percutaneous tracheostomy (PT) has gained widespread acceptance as a method for creating a surgical airway in patients requiring long-term mechanical ventilation. Since then, several comparative trials of PT and surgical tracheostomy have been conducted, and new techniques for PT have been developed. The use of percutaneous dilatation techniques under bronchoscopic control are now increasingly popular throughout the world. Tracheostomy should be performed as soon as the need for prolonged intubation is identified. However a validated model for the prediction of prolonged mechanical ventilation is not available, and the timing of tracheostomy should be individualized. The present review analyzes the state of the art of PT in mechanically ventilated patients--this being regarded by many as the technique of choice in performing tracheostomy in critically ill patients. PMID:23347906

  12. Neuroanatomic considerations in percutaneous tumor ablation.

    PubMed

    Kurup, A Nicholas; Morris, Jonathan M; Schmit, Grant D; Atwell, Thomas D; Weisbrod, Adam J; Murthy, Naveen S; Woodrum, David A; Callstrom, Matthew R

    2013-01-01

    Percutaneous ablation is increasingly being used as focal therapy for tumors in the chest, abdomen, and pelvis, including tumors in proximity to neural structures. To ensure that tumor ablation is performed safely, knowledge of the regional neuroanatomy is particularly important because most relevant nerves are not visualized with the conventional imaging techniques used to guide ablation procedures. Familiarity with the expected course of nerves in commonly targeted areas is helpful in preventing inadvertent nerve injury and in accurately informing the patient of potential risks. In the chest and shoulder girdle, the brachial plexus as well as the phrenic, recurrent laryngeal, intercostal-subcostal, long thoracic, dorsal scapular, and suprascapular nerves may be encountered. Vulnerable neural structures in the abdomen and pelvis arise from the lumbar and sacral plexuses and include the femoral, obturator, sciatic, and pudendal nerves. Nerve protection and monitoring techniques should be used, when appropriate, to minimize the risk of neural injury during percutaneous tumor ablation and depend on the vulnerable nerve, the location of the targeted tumor, and the ablation device used for treatment. Nerves may be protected using displacement techniques, including instillation of air or fluid, insertion and insufflation of angioplastic or endoscopic balloons, and mechanical manipulation of the ablation device. Nerves may be monitored with cross-sectional imaging evaluation of the critical nerve or ablation zone, or with functional evaluation using electromyographic equipment or focused clinical examination. Supplemental material available at http://radiographics.rsna.org/lookup/suppl/doi:10.1148/rg334125141/-/DC1. PMID:23842979

  13. Percutaneous absorption of iodochlorhydroxyquin in humans.

    PubMed

    Stohs, S J; Ezzedeen, F W; Anderson, A K; Baldwin, J N; Makoid, M C

    1984-02-01

    Iodochlorhydroxyquin (I) is used in the treatment of diaper rash and other skin disorders, and is presumed to undergo little or no percutaneous absorption. The absorption of (I) from a 3% cream was studied in 5 normal male subjects after a single application of the cream for 12 h. Plasma levels of the drug were followed for 24 h after initial application while urinary excretion was measured for 54 h. (I) was extracted from plasma and urine and assayed by high-performance liquid chromatography. The drug in the range of 0.37-0.56 micrograms/ml was detected in plasma 2 h after application and persisted throughout the treatment period. The mean excretion rate after 12 h of application was 58.4 micrograms/h and the excretion rate was 8.8 micrograms/h at 42 h posttreatment. The elimination rate constant was calculated to be 0.15 h-1. Approximately 40% of the drug was absorbed over the 12-h application period. From the above results it is apparent that significant percutaneous absorption of (I) occurs. PMID:6229586

  14. Statin treatment before percutaneous cononary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Toso, Anna; Maioli, Mauro; Tropeano, Francesco; Bellandi, Francesco

    2013-01-01

    Treatment with 3-hydroxy-3-methyl glutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) improves short-and-long term prognosis in high-risk patients with stable coronary artery disease and in those with acute coronary syndrome and their use is strongly recommended for secondary prevention. Moreover, recent data suggest that statin pre-treatment is associated with a better short- and long-term outcome in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Current guidelines for coronary revascularization recommend the use of high-dose of statins before percutaneous coronary intervention to reduce the risk of periprocedural myocardial infarction in statin naïve patients (class IIa A) and in those on chronic statin therapy (class IIa B). However, the beneficial clinical effects elicited by statins in patients undergoing coronary angioplasty may arise not only from a cardiac protection against periprocedural myocardial injury but also from a renal protection against acute kidney injury caused by iodinated contrast media. Actually, statins exert multiple non-lipid lowering (pleiotropic) effects, including improved endothelial function, reduced inflammatory and immuno-modulatory processes, oxidative stress and platelet adhesion, that may contribute to both cardio- and nephro-protection even in the short-term. PMID:23825770

  15. Standardizing the reporting of percutaneous nephrolithotomy complications

    PubMed Central

    Violette, Philippe D.; Denstedt, John D.

    2014-01-01

    Accurate reporting of complications is an essential component to critical appraisal and innovation in surgery and specifically with percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). We review the evolution of complication reporting for PCNL and suggest future directions for innovation. A selective review was carried out using Pubmed. Key search terms and their combinations included percutaneous, anatrophic, nephrolithotomy, PCNL, complications, Clavien, Martin score, bleeding, bowel injury, perforation, fever, sepsis. The references from relevant papers and reviews as well as AUA and EAU guidelines were also scanned for inclusion. PCNL has become the procedure of choice for large renal stones owing to decreased morbidity over alternative procedures. Both common and rare complications have been described in large case series, small randomized controlled trials, and case reports in an unstandardized form. Although these reports have provided an informative starting point, a standardized complication reporting methodology is necessary to enable appropriate comparisons between institutions, time periods, or innovations in technique. The Clavien-Dindo grading system has become widely accepted in urology and has facilitated the study of PCNL complications. Future research should focus on adaptions of this system to render it more comprehensive and applicable to PCNL. PMID:24497689

  16. Percutaneous scaphoid pinning using ultrasound guidance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beek, Maarten; Abolmaesumi, Purang; Chen, Thomas; Sellens, Richard W.; Pichora, David

    2006-03-01

    A new procedure for percutaneous screw insertion in the scaphoid is proposed. The procedure involves pre-surgery planning using computed tomography imaging and intra-operative guidance using three-dimensional ultrasound. Preoperatively, the desired screw location and orientation is chosen on a three-dimensional surface model generated from computed tomography images. During the surgery, ultrasound images are captured from the targeted anatomy of the patient using an ultrasound probe that is tracked with a Certus optical camera. The tracked probe enables the registration of the surface model and the surgical plan to the patient in the operating room. The surgical drill, used by the surgeon for screw insertion, is also tracked with the optical camera. A graphical user interface has been developed to display the surface model, the surgical plan and the drill in real-time. By means of this interface, the surgeon is guided during the screw insertion procedure. Our experiments on scaphoid phantoms demonstrate that the accuracy of the proposed procedure is potentially of the same order as an open reduction and screw fixation surgery. The advantages of this new procedure are a reduced risk of infections and minimal soft tissue damage due to its percutaneous nature. The procedure also reduces the exposure to ionizing radiation for patients and operating room staff due to the employment of ultrasound imaging instead of fluoroscopy.

  17. Percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy in patients with gastroparesis following lung transplantation: feasibility and clinical outcome.

    PubMed

    Toussaint, E; Van Gossum, A; Ballarin, A; Le Moine, O; Estenne, M; Knoop, C; Devière, J; Arvanitakis, M

    2012-08-01

    The aim of the present study was to describe success rates, complications, and outcome in patients who underwent percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy (PEJ) because of gastroparesis due to previous lung transplantation. Between October 2008 and May 2011, 14 attempts at PEJ placement were made in 12 patients in our center. Of the 14 attempts, 11 were successful, giving a technical success rate of 78.6 %. Median duration of followup was8.5 months (2–15 months). No immediate complications were reported. Two severe complications occurred during follow up (one volvulus and one jejunocolic fistula). Jejunal nutrition was well tolerated in most of patients (9 /10). PEJ insertion is a feasible technique, which could help to provide nutritional support for patients with gastroparesis and previous lung transplantation. PMID:22833022

  18. Upper and midureteral calculi: Percutaneous extraction with an occlusion balloon catheter

    SciTech Connect

    Beckmann, C.F.; Roth, R.A.; Luedke, M.D.

    1986-06-01

    In 44 patients with one or more calculi in the upper two-thirds of the ureter, single-stage percutaneous nephrolithotomy was performed through a middle or upper calyceal nephrostomy after cystoscopic placement of an occlusion balloon catheter distal to the calculus; in 42, the procedure was successful. The occlusion balloon catheter permitted retrograde opacification of all systems for enhanced renal puncture. In the last 30 patients an attempt was made either to push the calculus upward mechanically or to flush it upward into the renal pelvis with carbon dioxide or dilute contrast material. This was successful in 24 of these patients. Prior overnight occlusion of the ureter by means of ureteral dilatation further facilitates dislodgement of the calculus, which was successful in 12 of 13 patients.

  19. Percutaneous bipolar radiofrequency microdebridement for recalcitrant proximal plantar fasciosis.

    PubMed

    Sorensen, Matthew D; Hyer, Christopher F; Philbin, Terrence M

    2011-01-01

    Success rates for traditional methods of surgical intervention for chronic plantar fasciosis are low, and associated with high rates of complications and long recovery times. The purpose of this prospective case series was to assess the effectiveness of percutaneous bipolar radiofrequency microfasciotomy for the treatment of recalcitrant proximal plantar fasciosis in 21 patients. The mean preoperative American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) hindfoot score was 22.10 ± 12.96 (out of a possible 68 points) and the mean postoperative AOFAS hindfoot score was 59.57 ± 13.23 points, and this difference was statistically significant (P < .0001). A total of 7 (33.33%) patients experienced satisfactory pain relief within 1 to 4 weeks and 10 (47.62%) did so within 1 to 4 months, whereas 2 (9.52%) patients required longer than 4 months, and 2 (9.52%) others never attained satisfactory relief of symptoms. Fourteen (66.67%) patients subjectively rated their outcome as excellent, 4 (19.05%) as good, 1 (4.76%) as fair, and 2 (9.52%) as poor. One (4.76%) patient experienced iatrogenic flexor hallucis longus tendonitis. The results of this clinical investigation indicate that bipolar radiofrequency microdebridement plantar fasciotomy safely alleviates recalcitrant heel pain. The technique is minimally invasive and simple to perform, and it spares the overall integrity of the plantar fascia without being associated with undue complications. PMID:21354000

  20. Perk Station – Percutaneous Surgery Training and Performance Measurement Platform

    PubMed Central

    Vikal, Siddharth; U-Thainual, Paweena; Carrino, John A.; Iordachita, Iulian; Fischer, Gregory S.; Fichtinger, Gabor

    2009-01-01

    Motivation Image-guided percutaneous (through the skin) needle-based surgery has become part of routine clinical practice in performing procedures such as biopsies, injections and therapeutic implants. A novice physician typically performs needle interventions under the supervision of a senior physician; a slow and inherently subjective training process that lacks objective, quantitative assessment of the surgical skill and performance[S1]. Shortening the learning curve and increasing procedural consistency are important factors in assuring high-quality medical care. Methods This paper describes a laboratory validation system, called Perk Station, for standardized training and performance measurement under different assistance techniques for needle-based surgical guidance systems. The initial goal of the Perk Station is to assess and compare different techniques: 2D image overlay, biplane laser guide, laser protractor and conventional freehand. The main focus of this manuscript is the planning and guidance software system developed on the 3D Slicer platform, a free, open source software package designed for visualization and analysis of medical image data. Results The prototype Perk Station has been successfully developed, the associated needle insertion phantoms were built, and the graphical user interface was fully implemented. The system was inaugurated in undergraduate teaching and a wide array of outreach activities. Initial results, experiences, ongoing activities and future plans are reported. PMID:19539446

  1. Percutaneous vertebroplasty with a high-quality rotational angiographic unit.

    PubMed

    Pedicelli, Alessandro; Rollo, Massimo; Piano, Mariangela; Re, Thomas J; Cipriani, Maria C; Colosimo, Cesare; Bonomo, Lorenzo

    2009-02-01

    We evaluated the reliability of a rotational angiographic unit (RA) with flat-panel detector as a single technique to guide percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) and for post-procedure assessment by 2D and 3D reformatted images. Fifty-five consecutive patients (104 vertebral bodies) were treated under RA fluoroscopy. Rotational acquisitions with 2D and 3D reconstruction were obtained in all patients for immediate post-procedure assessment. In complex cases, this technique was also used to evaluate the needle position during the procedure. All patients underwent CT scan after the procedure. RA and CT findings were compared. In all cases, a safe trans-pedicular access and an accurate control of the bone-cement injection were successfully performed with high-quality fluoroscopy, even at the thoracic levels and in case of vertebra plana. 2D and 3D rotational reconstructions permitted CT-like images that clearly showed needle position and were similar to CT findings in depicting intrasomatic implant-distribution. RA detected 40 cement leakages compared to 42 demonstrated by CT and showed overall 95% sensitivity and 100% specificity compared to CT for final post-procedure assessment. Our preliminary results suggest that high-quality RA is reliable and safe as a single technique for PVP guidance, control and post-procedure assessment. It permits fast and cost-effective procedures avoiding multi-modality imaging. PMID:19230069

  2. Transarterial embolization of primary and secondary tumors of the skeletal system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Radeleff; M. Eiers; R. Lopez-Benitez; G. Noeldge; P. Hallscheidt; L. Grenacher; M. Libicher; F. Zeifang; P. J. Meeder; G. W. Kauffmann; G. M. Richter

    2006-01-01

    Percutaneous transcatheteral embolizations of primary and secondary bone tumors are important minimal invasive angiographic interventions of the skeletal system. In most of the cases embolization is performed for preoperative devascularization or as a palliative measure to treat tumor-associated pain or other tumor bulk symptoms. The transarterial embolization of primary and secondary tumors of the skeletal system has been developed to

  3. Percutaneous Relief of Tension Pneumomediastinum in a Child

    SciTech Connect

    Chau, Helen Hoi-lun; Kwok, Philip Chong-hei; Lai, Albert Kwok-hung; Fan, Tsz Wo; Chan, Susan Chi-hum [Queen Elizabeth Hospital, 30 Gascoigne Road, Kowloon, Department of Radiology and Imaging, Hong Kong (China); Miu, Ting Yat; Chan, Grace Lai-har [Queen Elizabeth Hospital, 30 Gascoigne Road, Kowloon, Pediatrics, Hong Kong (China)

    2003-11-15

    The purpose of this article was to describe the experience of relieving tension pneumomediastinum by a fluoroscopic-guided percutaneous method. We inserted a percutaneous drainage catheter with a Heimlich valve under fluoroscopic guidance to relieve the tension pneumomediastinum in a 2-year-old girl who suffered from dermatomyositis with lung involvement. This allowed immediate relief without the need for surgery. The procedure was repeated for relapsed tension pneumomediastinum. Good immediate results were achieved in each attempt. We conclude that percutaneous relief of pneumomediastinum under fluoroscopic guidance can be performed safely and rapidly in patients not fit for surgery.

  4. Comparison of Single-Stick and Double-Stick Techniques for Percutaneous Nephrostomy

    SciTech Connect

    Funaki, Brian, E-mail: bfunaki@midway.uchicago.edu; Vatakencherry, Geogi [University of Chicago Hospitals, 5841 South Maryland Ave, MC 2026 Chicago, IL 60637, Department of Radiology (United States)

    2004-01-15

    We compared single- and double-stick techniques of percutaneous nephrostomy insertion by retrospectively reviewing 140 percutaneous nephrostomy procedures in 101 patients. All procedures were performed by residents or fellows with direct attending supervision. Either the single-stick or double-stick technique was used based solely on personal attending preference. There were no significant differences in groups in terms of age, sex, or degree of hydronephrosis. In the single-stick technique, the kidney was punctured with sonographic guidance and the tract was serially dilated to accept an 8.5 Fr. nephrostomy catheter. In the double-stick technique, the kidney was punctured with sonographic guidance and a mixture of air and contrast were injected into the collecting system. The affected side was then elevated and a posterior calyx was punctured using fluoroscopic guidance. Both groups were compared in terms of complications and early tube dysfunction using the chi-squared test. All procedures were successful without immediate complications. Bleeding requiring transfusion occurred in 4.7% (4/86) procedures in the single stick group and 3.7% (2/54) in the double stick group (p-value not significant). None of these patients required further interventions for bleeding. Tube dysfunction leading to premature tube exchange occurred in 3.5% (3/86) of catheters in the single stick group and 3.7% (2/54) of catheters in the double- stick group (p-value not significant). We found no significant difference between the single and double- stick methods of percutaneous nephrostomy in terms of success rates, complications, or tube function. We believe that the single-stick method should be adopted as the insertion technique of choice.

  5. Project Success.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meredith, Larry D.

    Project Success consists of after-school, weekend, and summer educational programs geared toward minority and disadvantaged students to increase their numbers seeking postsecondary education from the Meadville, Pennsylvania area. The project is funded primarily through the Edinboro University of Pennsylvania, whose administration is committed to…

  6. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy in Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease: Is it Different from Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy in Normal Kidney?

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Vishwajeet; Sinha, Rahul Janak; Gupta, Dheeraj Kumar

    2013-01-01

    Objectives Nephrolithiasis has been reported in 20-28% of patients, of whom 50% are symptomatic for stone disease and 20% require definite urologic intervention. The management of nephrolithiasis includes oral alkali dissolution therapy, extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy and surgical treatment. In such patients, percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) as a method of stone treatment has been reported in few cases with limited experience. The aim of this study is to present our experience of PNL in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and assessing the outcome results. Material and Methods From 2002 to 2011, 22 patients (26 renal units) suffering from ADPKD with stone were managed by PNL. Demographic characteristics, operative parameters and postoperative complications were recorded and analysed. Result The overall success rate of PNL was 82.1% and PNL with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for clinically significant residual fragments was 92.85% respectively. The hematuria required blood transfusion (n = 9), postoperative fever due to cyst infection (n = 4) and paralytic ileus (n = 3) were recorded. Conclusion The PNL in ADPKD PNL is safe and effective but have more postoperative complications such as bleeding requiring transfusions, fever due to cyst infection and paralytic ileus. PMID:24917749

  7. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy in patients on chronic anticoagulant/antiplatelet therapy.

    PubMed

    Nerli, R B; Reddy, M N; Devaraju, S; Hiremath, M B

    2012-08-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is an integral component in the management of large volume renal stone disease either as monotherapy or in combination with shock wave lithotripsy. Stone disease in patients on chronic anticoagulation/antiplatelet therapy, however, poses a difficult scenario. Bleeding is a major concern for any patient undergoing PCNL. We retrospectively analyzed our series of patients with renal calculi who were on chronic anticoagulant therapy and who underwent PCNL. We reviewed the case records of patients undergoing PCNL during the period from January 2005 to December 2011. We analyzed the changes in preoperative and postoperative hemoglobin, serum creatinine, and clotting parameters, as well as intraoperative and postoperative bleeding and thromboembolic complications. During the 5-year study period, a total of 36 patients (30 males and 6 females) with a mean age of 46.33±9.96 years (range, 29-61 years) who were on chronic anticoagulant/antiplatelet therapy underwent PCNL for urolithiasis. The mean size of the stone was 6.40±1.98 cm(2) (range, 2.8-9 cm(2)). The mean operating time was 62.08±10.10 min. The bleeding was successfully managed in all patients and the anticoagulant/antiplatelet agents were restarted after an appropriate duration. The mean rise in serum creatinine at discharge was 0.05±0.03 mg/dl and the mean fall in serum hemoglobin was 1.63±0.77 g/dl. At 3 months after surgery, the stone-free rate was 100%. With careful preoperative care and regulation of anticoagulation/antiplatelet therapy and appropriate intraoperative management, PCNL can be performed safely and successfully in properly selected patients with renal calculi who are on chronic anticoagulant/antiplatelet therapy. PMID:22977751

  8. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy in Patients on Chronic Anticoagulant/Antiplatelet Therapy

    PubMed Central

    Reddy, M N; Devaraju, S; Hiremath, M B

    2012-01-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is an integral component in the management of large volume renal stone disease either as monotherapy or in combination with shock wave lithotripsy. Stone disease in patients on chronic anticoagulation/antiplatelet therapy, however, poses a difficult scenario. Bleeding is a major concern for any patient undergoing PCNL. We retrospectively analyzed our series of patients with renal calculi who were on chronic anticoagulant therapy and who underwent PCNL. We reviewed the case records of patients undergoing PCNL during the period from January 2005 to December 2011. We analyzed the changes in preoperative and postoperative hemoglobin, serum creatinine, and clotting parameters, as well as intraoperative and postoperative bleeding and thromboembolic complications. During the 5-year study period, a total of 36 patients (30 males and 6 females) with a mean age of 46.33±9.96 years (range, 29-61 years) who were on chronic anticoagulant/antiplatelet therapy underwent PCNL for urolithiasis. The mean size of the stone was 6.40±1.98 cm2 (range, 2.8-9 cm2). The mean operating time was 62.08±10.10 min. The bleeding was successfully managed in all patients and the anticoagulant/antiplatelet agents were restarted after an appropriate duration. The mean rise in serum creatinine at discharge was 0.05±0.03 mg/dl and the mean fall in serum hemoglobin was 1.63±0.77 g/dl. At 3 months after surgery, the stone-free rate was 100%. With careful preoperative care and regulation of anticoagulation/antiplatelet therapy and appropriate intraoperative management, PCNL can be performed safely and successfully in properly selected patients with renal calculi who are on chronic anticoagulant/antiplatelet therapy. PMID:22977751

  9. Assessing radiation exposure during endoscopic-guided percutaneous nephrolithotomy

    PubMed Central

    Lantz, Andrea G.; O’Malley, Padraic; Ordon, Michael; Lee, Jason Y.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) may be associated with significant ionizing radiation exposure for patients and operating room staff. Endoscopic-guided PCNL (ePCNL) is a technique that may be associated with less radiation exposure. This study examines ePCNL-related radiation exposure (fluoroscopy time, effective dose) and investigates variables that may predict increased exposure. Methods: A retrospective review of all consecutive ePCNLs performed at our institution, by a single surgeon, was conducted between November 2011 and November 2013. Patient demographics, stone characteristics and perioperative details were recorded, including radiation exposure. Pearson and Spearman correlation were used to assess variables correlated with radiation exposure. Results: In total, 55 ePCNL cases were included in the study. The mean age was 60 ± 15 years, mean body mass index (BMI) 30.0 ± 6.4 kg/m2 and mean stone size 3.2 × 2.1 cm. Seven cases (13%) involved complete staghorn stones, and 69% involved supracostal punctures. The mean fluoroscopy time was 3.4 ± 2.3 minutes, mean ED 2.4 ± 1.9 mSv. The treatment success rate, assessed 1-week postoperatively, was 87.3% and 7.3% of cases required ancillary procedures. The overall complication rate was 29%, but only 3 cases (5.5%) were Clavien ?3. Longer fluoroscopy time correlated with increased stone size (p < 0.01), longer operative time (p < 0.01) and lower treatment success rates (p < 0.01); higher effective dose correlated with longer fluoroscopy time (p < 0.01) and increased skin-to-stone distance (p < 0.01). BMI did not correlate with fluoroscopy time or effective dose. Conclusions: Outcomes of ePCNL are comparable to traditional PCNL techniques and may be associated with lower radiation exposure, particularly beneficial for patients with higher BMI. PMID:25408802

  10. Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty of Hepatic Artery Stenosis in Patients After Orthotopic Liver Transplantation: Mid-term Results

    SciTech Connect

    Jarmila, Lastovickova, E-mail: jala@ikem.cz; Jan, Peregrin [Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, ZRIR IKEM, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Czech Republic)

    2011-12-15

    Purpose: This study was designed to present our experience with percutaneous treatment of hepatic artery stenosis in orthotopic liver transplant patients and to evaluate the efficacy, technical outcomes, and mid-term clinical results of the procedure. Methods: Twenty-two percutaneous transluminal angioplasties (PTAs) were performed in 19 liver transplant recipients at our institution between 1998 and 2010. Stents were placed into the hepatic/celiac artery in 16 PTAs, but balloon dilatation alone was performed in 6 because of the anatomical condition of the vessel. PTA/stenting was indicated in 17 patients because of elevated liver enzymes; 2 patients were asymptomatic. The objective of treating stenosis was prevention of long-term complications, including thrombosis. Results: Technical success was achieved in all patients. There was only one complication: dissection of the treated artery without any subsequent adverse effects. In all patients, elevated liver enzyme levels improved after treatment. No restenosis was observed in any patient during a mean follow-up of 2.6 years (1 month to 5.5 years). Conclusions: Percutaneous angioplasty/stent placement is a safe method for the treatment of hepatic artery stenosis after orthotopic liver transplantation, with a high technical success rate and promising mid-term results.

  11. Successful exclusion of subclavian aneurysms with covered nitinol stents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ulrike Szeimies; Georg Kueffer; Beate Stoeckelhuber; Bernd Steckmeier

    1998-01-01

    Two cases of percutaneous endoluminal exclusion of a subclavian aneurysm with a Dacron-coated nitinol stent are presented.\\u000a One subclavian aneurysm followed trauma; the other was due to thoracic outlet stenosis which was caused by a cervical rib.\\u000a In both patients the aneurysm was excluded successfully. The follow-up periods were 22 and 14 months, respectively. Stenoses\\u000a at the stent graft occurred

  12. Percutaneous core excision and radiofrequency thermo-coagulation for the ablation of osteoid osteoma of the spine.

    PubMed

    Hadjipavlou, Alexander G; Tzermiadianos, Michael N; Kakavelakis, Kyriakos N; Lander, Phillip

    2009-03-01

    Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation is the treatment of choice for osteoid osteoma of the appendicular skeleton. However, difficulties in localizing the lesion in the spine and its proximity to neural elements have yet to make it the prevalent treatment for spine. This study assesses the safety and effectiveness of two percutaneous techniques for ablating osteoid osteoma of the spine. Seven patients were treated between 1998 and 2005. Four patients underwent percutaneous radiofrequency coagulation. The lesions were located at the articular processes of L3 and L4, the lamina of L3 and in the head of the 11th rib. Three patients with lesions in close proximity to neural structures (pedicle of T9, the posterolateral inferior aspect of L3 vertebral body and the inferior articular process of C5) were subjected to percutaneous core excision. Mean follow-up was 4.2 +/- 1.6 years. Three out of four patients who underwent radiofrequency ablation had an immediate and sustained response. One patient with a lesion in the head of the rib failed to respond. The three patients in the group of pecutaneous core excisional biopsy demonstrated immediate relief of pain. However, one patient experienced relapse of symptoms 6 months after transpedicular core excision. CT scan suggested partial targeting of the lesion that corroborated with histologic examination revealing only reactive tissue. Subsequent percutaneous core excision was successful. Therefore, the overall success rate was 85.7%. Mean VAS improved dramatically from 9 +/- 1 to 2 +/- 1 after surgery (P < 0.05). No neurological or other complications were encountered. This study indicates that radiofrequency ablation of spinal osteoid osteomas is safe and reasonably effective when an intact cortical shell separates the nidus from the neural elements. Percutaneous core excision can obviate the risk of thermal damage for lesions located in close proximity to the neural elements. Effectiveness of treatment can also be evaluated by CT scan and histological examination. Difficulties in targeting the nidus can lead to treatment failure. The minimal morbidity and the effectiveness of these minimally invasive procedures make them a valid alternative in the treatment of spinal osteoid osteoma. PMID:19031087

  13. Percutaneous Portal Vein Access and Transhepatic Tract Hemostasis

    PubMed Central

    Saad, Wael E. A.; Madoff, David C.

    2012-01-01

    Percutaneous portal vein interventions require minimally invasive access to the portal venous system. Common approaches to the portal vein include transjugular hepatic vein to portal vein access and direct transhepatic portal vein access. A major concern of the transhepatic route is the risk of postprocedural bleeding, which is increased when patients are anticoagulated or receiving pharmaceutical thrombolytic therapy. Thus percutaneous portal vein access and subsequent closure are important technical parts of percutaneous portal vein procedures. At present, various techniques have been used for either portal access or subsequent transhepatic tract closure and hemostasis. Regardless of the method used, meticulous technique is required to achieve the overall safety and effectiveness of portal venous procedures. This article reviews the various techniques of percutaneous transhepatic portal vein access and the various closure and hemostatic methods used to reduce the risk of postprocedural bleeding. PMID:23729976

  14. Instrument guide for MRI-guided percutaneous interventions

    E-print Network

    Chen, Xuefeng, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    As MRI guided interventions are becoming more widely practiced, the goal of this thesis was to design an instrument guidance device for MRI-guided percutaneous interventions in closed bore systems, namely cryoablation ...

  15. Certificate of need, volume, and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty outcomes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vivian Ho

    2004-01-01

    BackgroundFlorida seeks high hospital volumes for percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) by enforcing certificate of need (CON) laws, whereas California has no such laws. This study compares the volume-outcome relation for PTCA in Florida and California.

  16. Percutaneous Closure of an Iatrogenic Ventricular Septal Defect Following Concomitant Septal Myectomy at the Time of Aortic Valve Replacement

    PubMed Central

    Ryu, Il Hwan; Kim, Won Ho; Ryu, Ah Jeong; Kim, Min Gyu; Jeon, Jae Woong; Kim, Joo Seok; Lee, Jae Joon

    2014-01-01

    A 77-year-old female patient underwent aortic valve replacement (AVR) with concomitant septal myectomy and tricuspid annuloplasty. Her symptoms did not improve after a successful operation. Echocardiogram demonstrated the presence of an iatrogenic ventricular septal defect (VSD). It was muscular in location and not the usual AVR with membraneous type of VSD, suggesting a complication from the myectomy. Percutaneous closure of the VSD remained the only feasible option due to her poor overall medical status. A 14-mm Amplazter VSD occluder was deployed successfully, by means of the trans-septal technique. She has improved very well postoperatively. PMID:24497890

  17. Combining percutaneous pedicular and extrapedicular access for tumor ablation in a thoracic vertebral body.

    PubMed

    Cianfoni, Alessandro; Massari, Francesco; Ewing, Stacey; Persenaire, Maarten; Rumboldt, Zoran; Bonaldi, Giuseppe

    2014-10-31

    We present a percutaneous modified technique to access large thoracic vertebral body lytic lesions, to increase the volume of tumor accessible to ablation, prior to cement augmentation. Tumor ablation and cavity creation-assisted percutaneous vertebroplasty was considered a palliative measure for structural stabilization in plasmocytoma involvement of the entire T8 vertebral body. Given the extent of osteolysis bilateral combined transpedicular and extrapedicular access to the vertebral body was undertaken to maximize the volume of cavity creation within the tumor. The combined transpedicular and extrapedicular access was feasible, uncomplicated, and successful in reaching all the quadrants of the anterior two thirds of the vertebral body. Slow, fluoroscopically monitored injection of high-viscosity cement resulted in a successful, desired cement distribution into the anterior two thirds of the vertebral body, spanning superior to inferior endplates, providing structural stability, in the absence of venous or epidural leakage. The technical modification described in this case yielded positive results while overcoming some of the limitations of the existing coblation device. This approach may offer an option for cement augmentation of extensive vertebral body lytic lesions, at increased risk for tumor displacement and extra-vertebral cement leakage. PMID:25363263

  18. Percutaneous retrieval of an intracardiac central venous port fragment using snare with triple loops

    PubMed Central

    Ghaderian, Mehdi; Sabri, Mohammad Reza; Ahmadi, Ali Reza

    2015-01-01

    Peripherally inserted venous ports fracture with embolization in patients who received chemotherapy is a serious and rare complication, and few cases have been reported in children. We report a successful endovascular technique using a snare for retrieving broken peripherally inserted venous ports in a child for chemotherapy. Catheter fragments may cause complications such as cardiac perforation, arrhythmias, sepsis, and pulmonary embolism. A 12-year-old female received chemotherapy for acute lymphocytic leukemia through a central venous port implanted into her right subclavian area. The patient completed chemotherapy without complications 6 months ago. Venous port was accidentally fractured during its removal. Chest radiographs of the patient revealed intracardiac catheter fragment extending from the right subclavian to the right atrium (RA) and looping in the RA. The procedure was performed under ketamine and midazolam anesthesia and fluoroscopic guidance using a percutaneous femoral vein approach. A snare with triple loops (10 mm in diameter) was used to successfully retrieve the catheter fragments without any complication. Percutaneous transcatheter retrieval of catheter fragments is occasionally extremely useful and should be considered by interventional cardiologists for retrieving migrated catheters and can be chosen before resorting to surgery, which has potential risks related to thoracotomy, cardiopulmonary bypass, and general anesthesia.

  19. Palliative percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy placement for gastrointestinal cancer: Roles, goals, and complications

    PubMed Central

    Mobily, Matthew; Patel, Jitesh A

    2015-01-01

    Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube placement is an invaluable tool in clinical practice that has an important role in the palliative care of patients with gastrointestinal cancer. While there is no extensive data regarding the use of this procedure in patients with gastrointestinal malignancy, inferences can be made from the available information derived from studies of similar or mixed populations. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes can be used to provide enteral nutrition for terminal malignancies of the upper gastrointestinal tract as well as for decompression of malignant obstructions. The rates of successful placement for cancer patients with either of these indications are high, similar to those in mixed populations. There is no conclusive evidence that the procedure will help patients reach nutritional goals for those needing alimental supplementation. However, it is effective at relieving symptoms caused by malignant obstruction. A high American Society of Anesthesiologist physical status score and an advanced tumor stage have been shown to be independent predictors of poor outcomes following placement in cancer patients. This suggests the potential for similar outcomes in the palliative care of patients with advanced stage gastrointestinal cancer who may be in relatively poor physiologic condition. However, this potential should not preclude its use in patients with terminal gastrointestinal cancer considering the high rate of successful tube placement, the possible benefits and the ultimate goal of comfort in palliative care. PMID:25901215

  20. Treatment of coronary artery perforations complicating percutaneous coronary intervention with a polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stent graft.

    PubMed

    Lansky, Alexandra J; Yang, Yi-ming; Khan, Yosef; Costa, Ricardo A; Pietras, Cody; Tsuchiya, Yoshihiro; Cristea, Ecaterina; Collins, Michael; Mehran, Roxana; Dangas, George D; Moses, Jeffrey W; Leon, Martin B; Stone, Gregg W

    2006-08-01

    Coronary artery perforation is a rare, but dreaded, complication of percutaneous coronary intervention. Conventional treatment, including reversal of anticoagulation and prolonged balloon inflation, is associated with a high incidence of death, Q-wave myocardial infarction, and emergency coronary bypass surgery. Although a number of case reports have demonstrated the feasibility of sealing coronary perforations with synthetic material-covered stent grafts, the efficacy of this treatment has not been reported in a large, multicenter series. We used a retrospective international registry to examine the outcomes of the polytetrafluoroethylene-coated JOSTENT coronary stent graft (CSG) in 41 cases of coronary perforations. Perforations were relatively severe: 16.7% Ellis grade 1, 54.2% grade 2, and 29.1% grade 3. Of the 41 patients, > 1/3 (n = 14) experienced life-threatening complications before stent graft implantation, including pericardial tamponade (12.2%), cardiogenic shock (9.8%), and cardiac arrest (2.4%). A total of 52 CSGs were used to treat the 41 perforations (mean 1.3 per lesion). All CSGs were placed successfully, with 92.9% of the perforations sealed completely and 7.1% partially. One patient developed abrupt vessel closure after CSG deployment, resulting in an overall procedure success rate of 96.4%. No in-hospital Q-wave myocardial infarctions, emergency coronary bypass surgeries, or deaths resulted. The CSG may be a reliable and highly effective treatment option for sealing coronary perforations complicating percutaneous coronary interventions. PMID:16860026

  1. Percutaneous Selective Embolectomy using a Fogarty Thru-Lumen Catheter for Pancreas Graft Thrombosis: A Case Report

    SciTech Connect

    Izaki, Kenta, E-mail: izaki@med.kobe-u.ac.jp; Yamaguchi, Masato [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan); Matsumoto, Ippei; Shinzeki, Makoto; Ku, Yonson [Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Division of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Department of Surgery (Japan); Sugimura, Kazuro; Sugimoto, Koji [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan)

    2011-06-15

    A 57-year-old woman with a history of diabetes mellitus underwent simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation. The pancreaticoduodenal graft was implanted in the right iliac fossa. The donor's portal vein was anastomosed to the recipient's inferior vena cava (IVC). Seven days after the surgery, a thrombus was detected in the graft veins. Percutaneous thrombolysis was immediately performed; however, venous congestion was still present. We therefore attempted selective embolectomy using a Fogarty Thru-Lumen Catheter. Thrombi were directed from the graft veins toward the IVC and captured in the IVC filter with complete elimination of the thrombus without any major complications. We present our technique for the successful treatment of pancreas graft thrombosis within a short time period by percutaneous selective embolectomy using a Fogarty Thru-Lumen Catheter.

  2. Percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy for extensive acute lower-extremity deep venous thrombosis in a patient after double-lung transplantation.

    PubMed

    Telich-Tarriba, Jose E; Anaya-Ayala, Javier E; Davies, Mark G; El-Sayed, Hosam F

    2012-05-01

    Venous thromboembolism, which includes deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), has been estimated to affect 25% of patients after major surgery; however, the literature on venous thromboembolism after thoracic transplantation and optimal approach remains limited. We report the status of a 67-year-old female who developed massive right lower-extremity DVT after double-lung transplantation. Because her surgery had taken place a week before this event, it was decided that pharmaco-thrombolysis was contraindicated due to the high risk of bleeding complications in a fresh double-lung transplant recipient. The patient was taken emergently to the operating room for percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy, which provided grade III (complete lysis) and restored venous patency in the affected extremity. This report highlights the successful use of purely percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy for acute DVT in a double-lung recipient, and also advocates inferior vena cava filter placement to prevent embolic events during the mechanical thrombectomy. PMID:22321479

  3. Percutaneous selective embolectomy using a Fogarty Thru-Lumen Catheter for pancreas graft thrombosis: a case report.

    PubMed

    Izaki, Kenta; Yamaguchi, Masato; Matsumoto, Ippei; Shinzeki, Makoto; Ku, Yonson; Sugimura, Kazuro; Sugimoto, Koji

    2011-06-01

    A 57-year-old woman with a history of diabetes mellitus underwent simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation. The pancreaticoduodenal graft was implanted in the right iliac fossa. The donor's portal vein was anastomosed to the recipient's inferior vena cava (IVC). Seven days after the surgery, a thrombus was detected in the graft veins. Percutaneous thrombolysis was immediately performed; however, venous congestion was still present. We therefore attempted selective embolectomy using a Fogarty Thru-Lumen Catheter. Thrombi were directed from the graft veins toward the IVC and captured in the IVC filter with complete elimination of the thrombus without any major complications. We present our technique for the successful treatment of pancreas graft thrombosis within a short time period by percutaneous selective embolectomy using a Fogarty Thru-Lumen Catheter. PMID:21191585

  4. Percutaneous stone removal: new approaches to access and imaging.

    PubMed

    Slater, Rick C; Ost, Michael

    2015-05-01

    Percutaneous renal access and removal of large renal calculi was first described nearly 40 years ago and has since become the gold standard in management of large and complex renal calculi. In this same time period, technological and medical advances have allowed this procedure to develop in improved efficacy and morbidity. The following review offers an update to new approaches to percutaneous renal access and imaging in the management of large and complex renal calculi. PMID:25773346

  5. Chest Wall Dissemination of Nocardiosis after Percutaneous Transthoracic Needle Biopsy

    SciTech Connect

    Shimamoto, Hiroshi, E-mail: hshima@k8.dion.ne.jp; Inaba, Yoshitaka; Yamaura, Hidekazu; Sato, Yozo; Kamiya, Mika; Miyazaki, Masaya [Achi Cancer Center, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Japan); Arai, Yasuaki [National Cancer Center, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Japan); Horio, Yoshitsugu [Achi Cancer Center, Department of Thoracic Oncology (Japan)

    2007-07-15

    We described a case of chest wall dissemination after percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy. A 65-year-old man had a lung nodule which was suspected to be lung carcinoma. He underwent percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy using an 18G semiautomated biopsy needle and pathologic diagnosis showed organizing pneumonia. Two months after the biopsy, chest wall dissemination occurred. Implantation of carcinoma along the biopsy route was suspected, but the mass was actually due to pulmonary nocardiosis.

  6. Superior Mesenteric Artery Embolism Treated with Percutaneous Mechanical Thrombectomy

    SciTech Connect

    Popovic, Peter, E-mail: peter.popovic@kclj.si; Kuhelj, Dimitrij [University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Institute of Radiology (Slovenia); Bunc, Matjaz [University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Clinical Department for Cardiology (Slovenia)

    2011-02-15

    A case of acute superior mesenteric artery embolism treated with percutaneous thrombus aspiration is described. A 63-year-old man with chronic atrial fibrillation was admitted to the hospital with progressive abdominal pain. Computed tomography angiography revealed an occlusion of the distal part of the superior mesenteric artery. The patient was effectively treated using transaxillary percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy using a 6F Aspirex thrombectomy catheter.

  7. Diagnosis and Percutaneous Treatment of Soft-Tissue Hydatid Cysts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Okan Akhan; Burcak Gumus; Devrim Akinci; Musturay Karcaaltincaba; Mustafa Ozmen

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to demonstrate and discuss the radiological features of four patients with muscular hydatid disease\\u000a and to evaluate the results of percutaneous treatment in these patients. Four patients (three female and one male) with six\\u000a muscular hydatid cysts underwent percutaneous treatment and were followed up. The mean age of patients was 35 years (range:\\u000a 12–60

  8. Radioiodine retention on percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes

    PubMed Central

    Scuffham, J W; Wood, K A; Clauss, R P; Kilfeather, S A; Hinton, P J

    2012-01-01

    An 80-year-old male with recurrent thyroid cancer and a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube in situ was referred for radioiodine therapy and was administered 5510 MBq I-131 sodium iodide intravenously. Sequential whole-body images taken over the subsequent 7 days for dosimetric evaluation revealed an area of persistent high uptake in the abdomen. Delayed imaging with single photon emission CT/CT at 15 days post administration revealed this uptake to be at the junction of the PEG tube with the anatomically normal stomach wall. We hypothesise that the PEG tube became contaminated by radioiodine secreted in the gastric mucosa during therapy and this radioactivity subsequently decayed with an increased effective half-life relative to the stomach, leading to the apparent hot spot. PMID:22457411

  9. Two case reports of pilot percutaneous cryosurgery in familial multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1.

    PubMed

    Li, Jialiang; Zhang, Changming; Chen, Jibing; Yao, Fei; Zeng, Jianying; Huang, Liwen; Yang, Xiuli; Liu, Weiqun; Chen, Feng; Xu, Keqiang; Yang, Daming; Niu, Lizhi; Zuo, Jiansheng; Xu, Kecheng; Liu, DePei

    2013-03-01

    We report 2 cases of familial multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 syndrome (MEN 1) in related Malaysian Chinese individuals: the son had simultaneous primary lesions in the pancreatic tail, parathyroid, adrenal gland, and hypophysis, with metastatic tumors in the left lung, mediastinum and spine; his mother had simultaneous primary lesions in the pancreatic head, parathyroid, and hypophysis, with metastatic tumors in the liver, spine, ilium, chest wall, and rib. Genetic testing of the 2 patients showed the same mutation in exon 9 of MEN1 (c.1288G>T, Glu430, encoding a stop codon). The tumors with the poorest prognosis and clinical sequelae were in the pancreas of both patients, and these were treated by percutaneous cryoablation. The number of hypoglycemic episodes in the son improved for more than 120 days, and the abdominal space occupying lesion resolved in his mother. PMID:23407484

  10. Bioresorbable scaffolds for percutaneous coronary interventions

    PubMed Central

    Gogas, Bill D.

    2014-01-01

    Innovations in drug-eluting stents (DES) have substantially reduced rates of in-segment restenosis and early stent thrombosis, improving clinical outcomes following percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). However a fixed metallic implant in a vessel wall with restored patency and residual disease remains a precipitating factor for sustained local inflammation, in-stent neo-atherosclerosis and impaired vasomotor function increasing the risk for late complications attributed to late or very late stent thrombosis and late target lesion revascularization (TLR) (late catch-up). The quest for optimal coronary stenting continues by further innovations in stent design and by using biocompatible materials other than cobalt chromium, platinum chromium or stainless steel for engineering coronary implants. Bioresorbable scaffolds made of biodegradable polymers or biocorrodible metals with properties of transient vessel scaffolding, local drug-elution and future restoration of vessel anatomy, physiology and local hemodynamics have been recently developed. These devices have been utilized in selected clinical applications so far providing preliminary evidence of safety showing comparable performance with current generation drug-eluting stents (DES). Herein we provide a comprehensive overview of the current status of these technologies, we elaborate on the potential benefits of transient coronary scaffolds over permanent stents in the context of vascular reparation therapy, and we further focus on the evolving challenges these devices have to overcome to compete with current generation DES. Condensed Abstract:: The quest for optimizing percutaneous coronary interventions continues by iterative innovations in device materials beyond cobalt chromium, platinum chromium or stainless steel for engineering coronary implants. Bioresorbable scaffolds made of biodegradable polymers or biocorrodible metals with properties of transient vessel scaffolding; local drug-elution and future restoration of vessel anatomy, physiology and local hemodynamics were recently developed. These devices have been utilized in selected clinical applications providing preliminary evidence of safety showing comparable intermediate term clinical outcomes with current generation drug-eluting stents. PMID:25780795

  11. Percutaneous Management of Biliary Strictures After Pediatric Liver Transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Miraglia, Roberto, E-mail: rmiraglia@ismett.edu; Maruzzelli, Luigi; Caruso, Settimo [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (IsMeTT), Department of Radiology (Italy); Riva, Silvia [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (IsMeTT), Department of Pediatric Hepatology (Italy); Spada, Marco [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (IsMeTT), Department of Transplantation Surgery (Italy); Luca, Angelo [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (IsMeTT), Department of Radiology (Italy); Gridelli, Bruno [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (IsMeTT), Department of Transplantation Surgery (Italy)

    2008-09-15

    We analyze our experience with the management of biliary strictures (BSs) in 27 pediatric patients who underwent liver transplantation with the diagnosis of BS. Mean recipient age was 38 months (range, 2.5-182 months). In all patients percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, biliary catheter placement, and bilioplasty were performed. In 20 patients the stenoses were judged resolved by percutaneous balloon dilatation and the catheters removed. Mean number of balloon dilatations performed was 4.1 (range, 3-6). No major complications occurred. All 20 patients are symptom-free with respect to BS at a mean follow-up of 13 months (range, 2-46 months). In 15 of 20 patients (75%) one course of percutaneous stenting and bilioplasty was performed, with no evidence of recurrence of BS at a mean follow-up of 15 months (range, 2-46 months). In 4 of 20 patients (20%) two courses of percutaneous stenting and bilioplasty were performed; the mean time to recurrence was 9.8 months (range, 2.4-24 months). There was no evidence of recurrence of BS at a mean follow-up of 12 months (range, 2-16 months). In 1 of 20 patients (5%) three courses of percutaneous stenting and bilioplasty were performed; there was no evidence of recurrence of BS at a mean follow-up of 10 months. In conclusion, BS is a major problem following pediatric liver transplantation. Radiological percutaneous treatment is safe and effective, avoiding, in most cases, surgical revision of the anastomosis.

  12. Endovenous laser treatment for primary varicose veins.

    PubMed

    Van den Bussche, D; Moreels, N; De Letter, J; Lanckneus, M

    2006-01-01

    Venous insufficiency of the lower extremities is a highly prevalent condition. Successful treatment of superficial venous insufficiency will most often necessitate treatment of the saphenofemoral junction incompetence with correction of saphenous vein reflux. In the majority of patients it concerns a reflux of the greater saphenous vein. The standard procedure consists of ligation and stripping of the greater saphenous vein combined with with additional phlebectomies or ligation of insufficient perforant veins if necessary. Although the standard procedure is widely known and accepted, the postoperative morbidity and postoperative limitations of activity are high. In this context minimally invasive percutaneous endovenous techniques were developed to improve the patients comfort and faster resumption of work. Among these, endovenous laser ablation of the greater saphenous vein is a relatively new procedure. Percutaneous introduction of a laser fiber into the incompetent vein and ablation with pulsed laser energy is far less invasive than stripping. PMID:16612909

  13. Prospective trial with optical molecular imaging for percutaneous interventions in focal hepatic lesions.

    PubMed

    Sheth, Rahul A; Arellano, Ronald S; Uppot, Raul N; Samir, Anthony E; Goyal, Lipika; Zhu, Andrew X; Gervais, Debra A; Mahmood, Umar

    2015-03-01

    Purpose To demonstrate the clinical translation of optical molecular imaging (OMI) for the localization of focal hepatic lesions during percutaneous hepatic interventions. Materials and Methods Institutional review board approval was obtained for this prospective, single-center, HIPAA-compliant trial. Patients who were suspected of having hepatocellular carcinoma or liver metastases from colorectal cancer and were scheduled for percutaneous liver biopsy or thermal ablation were eligible for this study. Patients (n = 5) received 0.5 mg per kilogram of body weight of indocyanine green (ICG) intravenously 24 hours prior to their scheduled procedure in this study. Intraprocedurally, a handheld device composed of an endoscope that fits coaxially through a standard 17-gauge introducer needle was advanced into the liver, and real-time measurements of ICG fluorescence were obtained. A point-of-care fluorescence imaging system was used to image ICG fluorescence in biopsy samples. Target-to-background ratios (TBRs) were calculated by dividing the mean fluorescence intensity in the lesion by the mean fluorescence intensity in the adjacent liver parenchyma. The reference standard for determination of proper needle positioning in patients undergoing biopsy was final pathologic analysis of biopsy specimens or follow-up imaging. Results Intraprocedural OMI was successfully performed in six lesions (two lesions in patient 3) in five patients. The median size of the targeted lesions was 16 mm (range, 10-21 mm). Four of five biopsies (80%) yielded an accurate pathologic diagnosis, and one biopsy specimen showed benign liver parenchyma; both ablated lesions showed no residual disease 1 month after the procedure. The median overall added procedure time to perform OMI was 2 minutes. ICG was found to localize with TBRs greater than 2.0 (median, 7.9; range, 2.4-13.4) in all target lesions. No trial-related adverse events were reported. Conclusion The clinical translation of OMI to percutaneous hepatic interventions was demonstrated. (©) RSNA, 2014 Online supplemental material is available for this article. PMID:25302707

  14. Percutaneous Endoluminal Stent and Stent-Graft Placement for the Treatment of Femoropopliteal Aneurysms: Early Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Mueller-Huelsbeck, Stefan; Link, Johann; Schwarzenberg, Helmut [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, Arnold-Heller-Strasse 9, D-24105 Kiel (Germany); Walluscheck, Knut P. [Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital, Arnold-Heller-Strasse 7, D-24105 Kiel (Germany); Heller, Martin [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, Arnold-Heller-Strasse 9, D-24105 Kiel (Germany)

    1999-03-15

    Purpose: To determine the efficacy of percutaneous endoluminal stents and stent-grafts for the treatment of isolated femoropopliteal aneurysms. Methods: Seven men (age 51-69 years) with femoropopliteal occlusions (n= 6) related to aneurysms and a patent femoropopliteal aneurysm (n= 1) were treated percutaneously. In two patients uncovered Wallstents and in five patients polyester-covered nitinol stents were implanted. Assessment was performed with Doppler ultrasound and duplex ultrasonography 24 hr, 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after the intervention. Additionally, intraarterial angiography was performed at 6 months. Results: Stent placement succeeded in all cases. No immediate adjunctive surgical treatment was necessary. Ankle-brachial index (ABI) improved from 0.29 {+-} 0.29 (SD) before to 0.78 {+-} 0.23 (SD) 24 hr after the intervention. One patient was lost to follow-up. Stent-graft occlusion occurred in four patients: after 2 days (n1), 1 month (n= 2), and 3 months (n= 1). One of the patients, whose stent occluded at 1 month, underwent successful recanalization with local fibrinolysis therapy. Three of the seven, all with three-vessel run-off, demonstrated patency of the stent, which was assessed by duplex ultrasonography at 29, 31, and 34 months. Breaking of the stent struts or significant stent migration was not observed. Conclusions: These results in a small number of patients warrant further investigation to evaluate the role of percutaneous stents in femoropopliteal aneurysms. Until further data of clinical studies are available, this method cannot be recommended, and it cannot replace surgical treatment.

  15. Management of Postoperative Lymphoceles After Lymphadenectomy: Percutaneous Catheter Drainage With and Without Povidone-Iodine Sclerotherapy

    SciTech Connect

    Alago, William, E-mail: alagow@mskcc.org; Deodhar, Ajita; Michell, Hans; Sofocleous, Constantinos T.; Covey, Anne M.; Solomon, Stephen B.; Getrajdman, George I. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Interventional Radiology Service, Department of Radiology (United States)] [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Interventional Radiology Service, Department of Radiology (United States); Dalbagni, Guido [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Urology Service, Department of Surgery (United States)] [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Urology Service, Department of Surgery (United States); Brown, Karen T. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Interventional Radiology Service, Department of Radiology (United States)] [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Interventional Radiology Service, Department of Radiology (United States)

    2013-04-15

    To report our single-center experience in managing symptomatic lymphoceles after lymphadenectomy for genitourinary and gynecologic malignancy and to compare clinical outcomes of percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) alone versus PCD with transcatheter povidone-iodine sclerotherapy (TPIS). The medical records of patients who presented for percutaneous drainage of pelvic lymphoceles from February 1999 to September 2007 were retrospectively reviewed. Catheters with prolonged outputs >50 cc/day were treated with TPIS. Technical success was defined as the ability to achieve complete resolution of the lymphocele. Clinical success was defined as resolution of the patient's symptoms that prompted the intervention. Sixty-four patients with 70 pelvic lymphoceles were treated. Forty-six patients (71.9 %) had PCD, and 18 patients (28.1 %) had multisession TPIS. The mean initial cavity size was 294.9 cc for those treated with TPIS and 228.2 cc for those treated with PCD alone (range 15-1,600) (p = 0.59). Mean duration of catheter drainage was 19 days (29 days with TPIS, 16 days with PCD, p = 0.001). Mean clinical follow-up was 22.6 months. Technical success was 74.3 % with PCD and 100 % with TPIS. Clinical success was 97 % with PCD and 100 % with TPIS. Postprocedural complications included pericatheter fluid leakage (n = 4), catheter dislodgement (n = 3), catheter occlusion (n = 9), and secondary infection of the collection (n = 4). PCD of symptomatic lymphoceles is an effective postoperative management technique. Initial cavity size is not an accurate predictor of the need for TPIS. When indicated, TPIS is safe and effective with catheter outputs >50 cc/day.

  16. CASE REPORT Conservative Management of a Splenic Injury Related to Percutaneous Nephrostolithotomy

    E-print Network

    Introduction: Injury to intraperitoneal organs is unusual during percutaneous renal surgery. We report a splenic injury during upper pole percutaneous renal access for nephrostolithotomy that was managed conservatively. Methods: A 52-year-old male with left upper pole renal

  17. Preliminary Study of Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy on an Ambulatory Basis

    PubMed Central

    El-Tabey, Magdy Ahmed; Abd-Allah, Osama Abdel-Wahab; Ahmed, Ahmed Sebaey; El-Barky, Ehab Mohammed; Noureldin, Yasser Abdel-Sattar

    2014-01-01

    Objective Preliminary study to assess the feasibility and safety of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) as an ambulatory procedure. Patients and Methods Between February 2011 and September 2012, 84 patients with renal calculi fulfilling the inclusion criteria were admitted to the Urology Department of Benha University Hospitals for PCNL. All patients were subjected to a full medical history, clinical, laboratory and radiological examinations. Tubeless PCNLs were done in the supine position, and an antegrade double-J stent was inserted. Operative time and intraoperative complications were recorded. Postoperatively, the hematocrit value, postoperative pain and analgesics, need of blood transfusion, stone-free rate, and length of hospital stay were recorded. Stable patients that could be safely discharged within 24 hours after surgery were considered ambulatory. Results All cases of tubeless PCNL were successfully done and no cases converted to open surgery. The overall stone-free rate was 91.7%, the mean postoperative pain score measured by the visual analog scale was 4.4 ± 1.2, the mean overall hematocrit deficit was 4.8 ± 2.2% and the mean hospital stay was 33.4 ± 17.5 hours. Ambulatory PCNL was accomplished in 60 out of 84 patients (71.4%) and double-J stents were removed 7-10 days postoperatively. In the non-ambulatory cases, double-J stents were removed after auxillary procedures were done according to each case. Conclusion PCNL can be safely done on an ambulatory basis under strict criteria, but further studies are needed to confirm and expand these findings. PMID:24917771

  18. Percutaneous Stabilization of Impending Pathological Fracture of the Proximal Femur

    SciTech Connect

    Deschamps, Frederic, E-mail: frederic.deschamps@igr.fr; Farouil, Geoffroy, E-mail: g.farouil@gmail.com; Hakime, Antoine, E-mail: thakime@yahoo.com; Teriitehau, Christophe, E-mail: cteriitehau@me.com; Barah, Ali, E-mail: ali.barah@gmail.com; Baere, Thierry de, E-mail: debaere@igr.fr [Institut Gustave Roussy, Interventional Radiology Department (France)

    2012-12-15

    Objective: Percutaneous osteosynthesis plus cementoplasty (POPC) is a minimally invasive technique that has never been reported before and that we have prospectively evaluated for patients with impending pathological fracture of the proximal femur. Methods: We performed POPC in 12 patients (3 males, 9 females) with metastasis of the proximal femur with a high risk of fracture (Mirels' score {>=}8) between February 2010 and July 2011. Patients were not candidates for standard surgical stabilization. We analyzed the feasibility, duration, and complication of the procedure, the risk of fracture, the decrease in pain (Visual Analog Scale, VAS), and length of stay in hospital. Data were prospectively collected in all patients. Results: The mean Mirels' score was 9.8 {+-} 1.2 (range, 8-11). The technical success was 100%. POPC was performed under general anesthesia (n = 6) or conscious sedation (n = 6). The mean duration was 110 {+-} 43 (range, 60-180) minutes. All patients stood up and walked the second day after the procedure. The average length of stay in the hospital was 4 {+-} 1.6 (range, 2-7) days. We experienced two hematomas in two patients and no thromboembolic complication. For symptomatic patients (n = 8), VAS decreased from 6.5/10 (range, 2-9) before treatment to 1/10 (range, 0-3) 1 month after. No fracture occurred after a median follow-up of 145 (range, 12-608) days. Conclusions: POPC for impending pathological fracture of the proximal femur seems to be a promising alternative for cancer patients who are not candidates for surgical stabilization. Further studies are required to confirm this preliminary experience.

  19. Computed tomography-guided percutaneous facet screw fixation in the lumbar spine. Technical note.

    PubMed

    Kang, Ho Yeong; Lee, Sang-Ho; Jeon, Sang Hyeop; Shin, Song-Woo

    2007-07-01

    The authors describe a new minimally invasive technique for posterior supplementation using percutaneous translaminar facet screw (TFS) fixation with computed tomography (CT) guidance. Oblique axial images were used to determine facet screw fixation sites. After the induction of local anesthesia and conscious sedation, a guide pin was inserted and guided with a laser mounted on the CT gantry. Cannulated TFSs were placed via a percutaneous approach. From December 2002 to August 2003, 18 patients underwent CT-guided TFS. In 17 of these patients this procedure was supplementary to anterior lumbar interbody fusion, which had been performed several days earlier; in the remaining patient, CT-guided TFS fixation was undertaken as the primary therapy. Twelve patients had painful degenerative disc disease or unstable degenerative spondylolisthesis, three had infections, and three had deformities. All screws were inserted accurately and there were no complications. This new minimally invasive surgical technique may offer an alternative to pedicle screw fixation as a method of posterior supplementation. PMID:17633496

  20. Comparison between surgical and standing percutaneous contact Nd:YAG laser periosteal transection for potential treatment of equine limb deformities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tate, Lloyd P.; Baines, Steven J.; Meuten, Donald J.; Stefanacci, J.

    1994-09-01

    Medial and lateral aspects of both radiuses were subjected to periosteal transection of nine healthy equine foals. One site per foal was subjected to surgical periosteal transection and elevation under general anesthesia. The remaining three sites of each foal after injection of a local anesthetic received Nd:YAG contact percutaneous periosteal transection. All radiuses were evaluated radiographically prior to periosteal transection and immediately prior to euthanasia. Foals were euthanized at 3 days, 31 to 34 days, and 67 days post-periosteal transection and gross postmortem and histologic examination performed on each site. Radiographically, periosteal proliferation occurred at all the conventional surgery sites and a majority of the percutaneous laser sites by 30 days post-treatment and was present at 67 days. No limb angulations were noted to occur in any of the foals. The conclusion of the study was that Nd:YAG percutaneous laser periosteal transection was successful in producing periosteal obliteration but with a different histologic appearance than that produced by conventional surgery.