Sample records for successful primary percutaneous

  1. Early occlusion of the non-infarct-related coronary artery following successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention in ST-elevation myocardial infarction

    PubMed Central

    Pr?gowski, Jerzy; Bekta, Pawe?; Chmielak, Zbigniew; Witkowski, Adam

    2015-01-01

    We present a clinical case of early occlusion of the non-infarct-related artery (non-IRA) in a patient with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). Several hours after successful percutaneous treatment of the occluded right coronary artery the patient developed a second myocardial infarction, which was caused by acute occlusion of the left anterior descending artery, which had a significant lesion in the proximal segment. The lesion was diagnosed during the first catheterization, but was left untreated. We discuss the potential advantages and risks associated with the ad-hoc multivessel PCI strategy in STEMI.

  2. Primary success and one-year followup of percutaneous peripheral excimer laser angioplasty

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Visona, Adriana; Liessi, Guido; Miserocchi, Luigi; Bonanome, Andrea; Lusiani, Luigi; Breggion, Giovanni; Pagnan, Antonio

    1992-08-01

    Excimer laser angioplasty was performed in 59 patients (44 males and 17 females, mean age 63 +/- 9 years, range 39 - 77) affected by peripheral vascular disease. Fifty patients had a total occlusion of the superficial femoral artery, three of the iliac artery, and one of the popliteal artery; seven patients showed a subocclusive stenosis of the superficial femoral artery. A commercial excimer laser (Technolas Max-10) was used at the Xenon-Chloride wavelength of 308 nm. The laser operated at 120 ns pulse length and at 20 Hz repetition rate. Applied energy fluence was 20 mJ/pulse. The energy was delivered through a multifiber catheter, which combines 12 (7F) or 18 (9F) fibers (260 micron diameter each), concentrically arranged. Balloon dilatation was associated in 51 patients. Successful recanalization was obtained in 59 out of 61 patients (97%). Failure to recanalize the occluded arteries occurred in two cases, and was due to dissection. Early thrombosis and reocclusion (within 48 hours) was observed in five patients. The cumulative patency rate was 56% at one year. On the basis of these results, excimer laser assisted angioplasty seems a feasible and safe procedure. However, this technique did not solve the restenosis problem. A wide application of excimer laser as a stand alone approach can be foreseen for treatment of peripheral vascular disease.

  3. Ultrasound guided percutaneous EVAR success is predicted by vessel diameter

    PubMed Central

    Bensley, Rodney P.; Hurks, Rob; Huang, Zhen; Pomposelli, Frank; Hamdan, Allen; Wyers, Mark; Chaikof, Elliot; Schermerhorn, Marc L.

    2012-01-01

    Introduction Ultrasound guided access allows for direct visualization of the access artery during percutaneous endovascular aortic aneurysm repair. We hypothesize that the use of ultrasound guidance allowed us to safely increase the utilization of percutaneous endovascular aortic aneurysm repair to almost all patients and decrease access complications. Methods A retrospective chart review of all elective endovascular aortic aneurysm repairs, both abdominal and descending thoracic, from 2005-2010 was performed. Patients were identified using ICD9 codes and stratified based on access type: percutaneous vs. cutdown. We examined the success rate of percutaneous access and the cause of failure. Sheath size was large (18-24 Fr) or small (12-16 Fr). Minimum access vessel diameter was also measured. Outcomes were wound complications (infections or clinically significant hematomas that delayed discharge or required transfusion), operative and incision time, length of stay, and discharge disposition. Predictors of percutaneous failure were identified. Results 168 patients (296 arteries) had percutaneous access (P-EVAR) while 131 patients (226 arteries) had femoral cutdown access (C-EVAR). Ultrasound guided access was introduced in 2007. P-EVAR increased from zero cases in 2005 to 92.3% of all elective cases in 2010. The success rate with percutaneous access was 96%. Failures requiring open surgical repair of the artery included 7 for hemorrhage and 6 for flow limiting stenosis or occlusion of the femoral artery. P-EVAR had fewer wound complications (0.7% vs. 7.4%, P = .001) shorter operative time (153.3 vs. 201.5 minutes, P < .001) and larger minimal access vessel diameter (6.7 mm vs. 6.1 mm, P < .01). Patients with failed percutaneous access had smaller minimal access vessel diameters when compared to successful P-EVAR (4.9 mm vs. 6.8 mm, P < .001). More failures occurred in small sheaths than large ones (7.4% vs. 1.9%, P = .02). Access vessel diameter < 5 mm is predictive of percutaneous failure (16.7% of vessels < 5 mm failed vs. 2.4% of vessels ? 5 mm, P < .001) (OR 7.3, 95% CI [1.58-33.8], P = .01). Conclusion Ultrasound guided percutaneous EVAR can be performed in the vast majority of patients with a high success rate, shorter operative times, and fewer wound complications. Access vessel diameters less than 5 mm are at greater risk for percutaneous failure and should be treated selectively. PMID:22360918

  4. Percutaneous coronary intervention in the Occluded Artery Trial: Procedural success, hazard, and outcomes over 5 years

    PubMed Central

    Buller, Christopher E.; Rankin, Jamie M.; Carere, Ronald G.; Buszman, Pawel E.; Pfisterer, Matthias E.; Dzavik, Vladimir; Thomas, Boban; Forman, Sandra; Ruzyllo, Witold; Mancini, G.B. John; Michalis, Lampros K.; Abreu, Pedro F.; Lamas, Gervasio A.; Hochman, Judith S.

    2010-01-01

    Background The Occluded Artery Trial (OAT) was a 2,201-patient randomized clinical trial comparing routine stent-based percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) versus optimal medical therapy alone in stable myocardial infarction (MI) survivors with persistent infarct-related artery occlusion identified day 3 to 28 post MI. Intent-to-treat analysis showed no difference between strategies with respect to the incidence of new class IV congestive heart failure, MI, or death. The influence of PCI failure, procedural hazard, and crossover on trial results has not been reported. Methods Study angiograms were analyzed and adjudicated centrally. Factors associated with PCI failure were examined. Time-to-event analysis using the OAT primary outcome was performed by PCI success status. Landmark analysis (up to and beyond 30 days) partitioned early hazard versus late outcome according to treatment received. Results Percutaneous coronary intervention was adjudicated successful in >87%. Percutaneous coronary intervention failure rates were similar in US and non-US sites, and did not significantly influence outcome at 60 months (hazard ratio for success vs fail 0.79, 99% CI 0.45–1.40, P = .29). Partitioning of early procedural hazard revealed no late benefit for PCI (hazard ratio for PCI success vs medical therapy alone 1.06, 99% CI 0.75–1.50, P = .66). Conclusions Percutaneous coronary intervention failure and complication rates in the OAT were low. Neither PCI failure nor early procedural hazard substantively influenced the primary trial results. PMID:19699864

  5. Long-Term Clinical Follow-Up After Successful Repeat Percutaneous Intervention for Stent Restenosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bernhard Reimers; Issam Moussa; Tatsuro Akiyama; Gina Tucci; Massimo Ferraro; Giovanni Martini; Simonetta Blengino; Carlo DI Mario; Antonio Colombo

    1997-01-01

    Objectives. This study evaluated the long-term clinical outcome of successful repeat percutaneous intervention after in-stent restenosis.Background. Recurrence of symptoms and angiographic restenosis after stent implantation are observed in 15% to 35% of cases. Repeat percutaneous treatment for in-stent restenosis has been shown to be safe, with high immediate success, but little is known about the long-term clinical outcome.Methods. Clinical follow-up

  6. Primary succession in Mount Pinatubo

    PubMed Central

    Marler, Thomas E; del Moral, Roger

    2013-01-01

    Vegetation structure on the east flank of Mount Pinatubo was investigated to determine the inventory of species at 15 y post-eruption, then to ascertain environmental variables that have influenced the early patterns of primary succession. Unconstrained and constrained ordination methods were used to determine the influence of spatial, elevation, and substrate patterns on vegetation. Vegetation was assigned to one of 3 habitat types. Scours were eroded flat surfaces, terraces were perched flat surfaces, and talus piles were created along the canyon edges as mass waste events. The influence of habitat type on vegetation was multifaceted because they represent different conditions and different histories. The talus piles have preferential access to colonists from the vegetation on the canyon walls above and a more benign microclimate than the exposed terrace and scour sites. Scoured sites on the valley floor exhibited the least vegetation cover, as these substrates had the least mature surfaces and the most restricted capacity for root exploration. Perched terraces exhibited greater plant dominance than did the other habitats in the early stages of succession because of the ubiquitous appearance of Parasponia rugosa as initial colonists on these relatively flat surfaces. Polynomial canonical correspondence analysis was more closely aligned with the pattern of vegetation than linear canonical correspondence analysis, and therefore more closely approximated accurate descriptions of correlations among site ordination positions and measured variables. These results confirm that a variety of statistical approaches can clarify applications for restoration ecology following landslide and volcanic disturbances or agriculture and forestry anthropogenic disturbances in the lowland tropics. PMID:24505499

  7. Thrombus burden and myocardial damage during primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Napodano, Massimo; Dariol, Gilberto; Al Mamary, Ahmed H; Marra, Martina Perazzolo; Tarantini, Giuseppe; D'Amico, Gianpiero; Frigo, Anna Chiara; Buja, Paolo; Razzolini, Renato; Iliceto, Sabino

    2014-05-01

    Large thrombus burden (LTB) lesions in the context of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) have been related to unsuccessful angiographic reperfusion and unfavorable clinical outcomes. However, the hazard of LTB treatment on myocardial damage has not been evaluated. We investigated the impact of LTB on myocardial damage using contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (CE-CMR) in the setting of p-PCI. In 327 patients, who underwent p-PCI without thrombus aspiration within 12 hours from symptom onset, we prospectively assessed the impact of LTB on infarct size and microvascular damage using CE-CMR. LTB was defined by the presence of Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction thrombus score ?3 in patent infarct-related artery (IRA); or by "cut-off" occlusion pattern and/or large reference vessel diameter (?3.5 mm) in occluded IRA. One hundred ninety-seven patients (60.2%) showed LTB and 130 (39.8%) did not. Distal embolization occurred in 18.8% patients with versus 6.9% without LTB (p = 0.003). At CE-CMR, patients with LTB had larger infarct size index (27.5 ± 11.1 vs 22.1 ± 17.5, p = 0.009) and more often transmural necrosis (70.5% vs 55.4%, p = 0.008) compared with patients without LTB. Excluding patients with distal embolization, patients with LTB still had larger necrosis. At multivariate analysis, occluded (IRA) at baseline, anterior infarction, and presence of LTB predicted transmural necrosis. In conclusion, LTB in the setting of p-PCI is related to larger myocardial damage as detected by CE-CMR, regardless of angiographic detectable distal embolization. PMID:24630783

  8. Preliminary experience with drug-coated balloon angioplasty in primary percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Ho, Hee Hwa; Tan, Julian; Ooi, Yau Wei; Loh, Kwok Kong; Aung, Than Htike; Yin, Nwe Tun; Sinaga, Dasdo Antonius; Jafary, Fahim Haider; Ong, Paul Jau Lueng

    2015-01-01

    We evaluated the clinical feasibility of using drug-coated balloon (DCB) angioplasty in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). Between January 2010 to September 2014, 89 ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients (83% male, mean age 59 ± 14 years) with a total of 89 coronary lesions were treated with DCB during PPCI. Clinical outcomes are reported at 30 d follow-up. Left anterior descending artery was the most common target vessel for PCI (37%). Twenty-eight percent of the patients had underlying diabetes mellitus. Mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 44% ± 11%. DCB-only PCI was the predominant approach (96%) with the remaining 4% of patients receiving bail-out stenting. Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) 3 flow was successfully restored in 98% of patients. An average of 1.2 ± 0.5 DCB were used per patient, with mean DCB diameter of 2.6 ± 0.5 mm and average length of 23.2 ± 10.2 mm. At 30-d follow-up, there were 4 deaths (4.5%). No patients experienced abrupt closure of the infarct-related artery and there was no reported target-lesion failure. Our preliminary experience showed that DCB angioplasty in PPCI was feasible and associated with a high rate of TIMI 3 flow and low 30-d ischaemic event. PMID:26131335

  9. Successful Left-Heart Decompression during Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in an Adult Patient by Percutaneous Transaortic Catheter Venting

    PubMed Central

    Hong, Tae Hee; Byun, Joung Hun; Yoo, Byung Ha; Hwang, Sang Won; Kim, Han Yong; Park, Jae Hong

    2015-01-01

    Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) is widely used in patients with cardiogenic shock. Insufficient decompression of the left ventricle (LV) is considered a major factor preventing adequate LV recovery. A 40-year-old male was diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction, and revascularization was performed using percutaneous stenting. However, cardiogenic shock occurred, and VA ECMO was initiated. Severe LV failure developed, and percutaneous transaortic catheter venting (TACV) was incorporated into the venous circuit of VA ECMO under transthoracic echocardiography guidance. The patient was successfully weaned from VA ECMO. Percutaneous TACV is an effective, relatively noninvasive, and rapid method of LV decompression in patients undergoing VA ECMO. PMID:26078930

  10. Contrast Volume During Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention and Subsequent Contrast-Induced Nephropathy and Mortality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Giancarlo Marenzi; Emilio Assanelli; Jeness Campodonico; Gianfranco Lauri; Ivana Marana; Monica De Metrio; Marco Moltrasio; Marco Grazi; Mara Rubino; Fabrizio Veglia; Franco Fabbiocchi; Antonio L. Bartorelli

    2009-01-01

    Background: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) frequently oc- curs in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarc- tion (STEMI) who are undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention, and CIN is associated with a more complicated clinical course and increased mortality. Objective: To investigate the association between absolute and weight- and creatinine-adjusted contrast volume, CIN incidence, and clinical outcome in the era of mechanical

  11. Failure and Success of Percutaneous Angioplasty in a Hypertensive Child with Bilateral Renal Artery Stenosis

    SciTech Connect

    Giavroglou, Constantinos; Tsifountoudis, Ioannis, E-mail: jtsif@mycosmos.g [Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Department of Radiology, AHEPA Hospital (Greece); Boutzetis, Theodoros [Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Second Pediatric Clinic, AHEPA Hospital (Greece); Kiskinis, Dimitrios [Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, First Surgery Clinic, AHEPA Hospital (Greece)

    2009-01-15

    We describe the clinical course of a 5-year-old girl with severe arterial hypertension that was uncontrollable with antihypertensive medication. Renal angiography revealed bilateral renal artery stenoses. Because percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) failed to dilate the stenotic lesions, a renal artery bypass grafting in both renal arteries was performed. The patient remained normotensive for 7 months, and after that the arterial pressure increased again. Digital subtraction angiography demonstrated stenosis at the peripheral and central anastomosis of the vein graft that was used for revascularization of the left kidney. PTRA was decided on and successful patency was achieved. The patient has now been normotensive for a period of 5 years.

  12. Functional and structural correlates of persistent ST elevation after acute myocardial infarction successfully treated by percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Galiuto, Leonarda; Barchetta, Sabrina; Paladini, Serena; Lanza, Gaetano; Rebuzzi, Antonio G; Marzilli, Mario; Crea, Filippo

    2007-01-01

    Background In the thrombolytic era, persistence of ST?segment elevation was considered a marker of left ventricular (LV) aneurysm. ST?segment elevation may still be found persistently raised after successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Echocardiographic correlates of this finding, however, are still poorly known. Methods and results 82 consecutive patients with first ST?segment elevation myocardial infarction and successful PCI were divided into patients with persistent ST?segment elevation at discharge (sum of ST >4?mm) (n?=?33) and those without persistent ST?segment elevation (n?=?49). Conventional and myocardial contrast echocardiography were performed at discharge and at 6?months. At discharge, LV aneurysm was more common in patients with persistent ST elevation (27% vs 8%, p<0.005). Similarly, the wall motion score index was higher (2.5 vs 2.0, p<0.005) and microvascular damage larger (2.3 vs 1.8, p<0.005) in patients with persistent ST?segment elevation. At 6?months' follow?up, LV volumes were similar in the two groups. Conclusions After primary PCI, persistent ST?segment elevation is associated with LV aneurysm formation in 30% of cases, it is not associated with significantly larger LV dilatation but with larger microvascular damage and dysfunctioning risk area. PMID:17309911

  13. Mechanical post-conditioning in STEMI patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Boukhris, Marouane; Bousselmi, Radhouane; Tomasello, Salvatore Davide; Elhadj, Zied Ibn; Azzarelli, Salvatore; Marzà, Francesco; Galassi, Alfredo R.

    2014-01-01

    Although early myocardial reperfusion via primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) allows the preservation of left ventricular function and improves outcome, the acute restoration of blood flow may contribute to the pathophysiology of infarction, a complex phenomenon called reperfusion injury. First described in animal models of coronary obstruction, mechanical post-conditioning, a sequence of repetitive interruption of coronary blood flow applied immediately after reopening of the occluded vessel, was able to reduce the infarct size. However, evidence of its real benefit remains controversial. This review describes the mechanisms of post-conditioning action and the different protocols employed focusing on its impact on primary PCI outcome.

  14. Primary Succession on a Hawaiian Dryland Chronosequence.

    PubMed

    Kinney, Kealohanuiopuna M; Asner, Gregory P; Cordell, Susan; Chadwick, Oliver A; Heckman, Katherine; Hotchkiss, Sara; Jeraj, Marjeta; Kennedy-Bowdoin, Ty; Knapp, David E; Questad, Erin J; Thaxton, Jarrod M; Trusdell, Frank; Kellner, James R

    2015-01-01

    We used measurements from airborne imaging spectroscopy and LiDAR to quantify the biophysical structure and composition of vegetation on a dryland substrate age gradient in Hawaii. Both vertical stature and species composition changed during primary succession, and reveal a progressive increase in vertical stature on younger substrates followed by a collapse on Pleistocene-aged flows. Tall-stature Metrosideros polymorpha woodlands dominated on the youngest substrates (hundreds of years), and were replaced by the tall-stature endemic tree species Myoporum sandwicense and Sophora chrysophylla on intermediate-aged flows (thousands of years). The oldest substrates (tens of thousands of years) were dominated by the short-stature native shrub Dodonaea viscosa and endemic grass Eragrostis atropioides. We excavated 18 macroscopic charcoal fragments from Pleistocene-aged substrates. Mean radiocarbon age was 2,002 years and ranged from < 200 to 7,730. Genus identities from four fragments indicate that Osteomeles spp. or M. polymorpha once occupied the Pleistocene-aged substrates, but neither of these species is found there today. These findings indicate the existence of fires before humans are known to have occupied the Hawaiian archipelago, and demonstrate that a collapse in vertical stature is prevalent on the oldest substrates. This work contributes to our understanding of prehistoric fires in shaping the trajectory of primary succession in Hawaiian drylands. PMID:26066334

  15. Primary Succession on a Hawaiian Dryland Chronosequence

    PubMed Central

    Kinney, Kealohanuiopuna M.; Asner, Gregory P.; Cordell, Susan; Chadwick, Oliver A.; Heckman, Katherine; Hotchkiss, Sara; Jeraj, Marjeta; Kennedy-Bowdoin, Ty; Knapp, David E.; Questad, Erin J.; Thaxton, Jarrod M.; Trusdell, Frank; Kellner, James R.

    2015-01-01

    We used measurements from airborne imaging spectroscopy and LiDAR to quantify the biophysical structure and composition of vegetation on a dryland substrate age gradient in Hawaii. Both vertical stature and species composition changed during primary succession, and reveal a progressive increase in vertical stature on younger substrates followed by a collapse on Pleistocene-aged flows. Tall-stature Metrosideros polymorpha woodlands dominated on the youngest substrates (hundreds of years), and were replaced by the tall-stature endemic tree species Myoporum sandwicense and Sophora chrysophylla on intermediate-aged flows (thousands of years). The oldest substrates (tens of thousands of years) were dominated by the short-stature native shrub Dodonaea viscosa and endemic grass Eragrostis atropioides. We excavated 18 macroscopic charcoal fragments from Pleistocene-aged substrates. Mean radiocarbon age was 2,002 years and ranged from < 200 to 7,730. Genus identities from four fragments indicate that Osteomeles spp. or M. polymorpha once occupied the Pleistocene-aged substrates, but neither of these species is found there today. These findings indicate the existence of fires before humans are known to have occupied the Hawaiian archipelago, and demonstrate that a collapse in vertical stature is prevalent on the oldest substrates. This work contributes to our understanding of prehistoric fires in shaping the trajectory of primary succession in Hawaiian drylands. PMID:26066334

  16. Improving primary percutaneous coronary intervention performance in an urban minority population using a quality improvement approach.

    PubMed

    Bhalla, Rohit; Yongue, Brandon G; Currie, Brian P; Greenberg, Mark A; Myrie-Weir, Jacqueline; Defino, Maryrose; Esses, David; Menegus, Mark A; McAllen, Susan J; Monrad, E Scott; Galhotra, Sanjay; Kalkut, Gary

    2010-01-01

    It has been well established that there are racial and ethnic disparities in cardiovascular care. Quality improvement initiatives have been recommended to proactively address these disparities. An initiative was implemented to improve timeliness of and access to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures among myocardial infarction patients at an academic medical center serving a predominantly minority population. The effort was part of a national quality improvement collaborative focused on improving cardiovascular care for Hispanic/Latino and African American/ black populations. The proportion of primary PCI procedures performed within 90 minutes improved significantly from 17% in the first quarter of 2006 to 93% in the fourth quarter of 2008 (P < .001). There were no significant differences in the frequency with which Hispanic/Latino or African American/black patients received primary PCI therapy in comparison to nonmembers of these groups. Quality improvement techniques can improve the quality of and access to acute cardiovascular care for minority populations. PMID:20484661

  17. Percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty in stenosis of native hemodialysis arteriovenous fistulas: technical success and analysis of factors affecting postprocedural fistula patency

    PubMed Central

    Aktas, Ayse; Bozkurt, Alper; Aktas, Bulent; Kirbas, Ismail

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE We aimed to determine the predictors of technical success and patency after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of de novo dysfunctional hemodialysis arteriovenous fistulas (AVF). METHODS We performed a retrospective analysis of first time PTA in 228 patients (129 men, 99 women; mean age, 56.8±14.6 years). Anatomical (location, length, grade, and number of stenoses) and clinical variables (sex, age, prior AVF, diabetes mellitus, AVF age, side, and location) were reviewed. RESULTS A total of 330 stenoses were found in 228 patients. PTA was technically successful in 96.3% of the stenoses (n=319). Clinical success was achieved in 97.2% (n=321). Early dysfunction (within six months) was positively correlated with patient age (P < 0.001) and diabetes (P < 0.005). Older age (P < 0.001) and diabetes (P = 0.002) were associated with a lower primary patency rate. Patient age (P < 0.001), presence of diabetes (P = 0.023), length of stenosis (P = 0.003), early recurrence (P = 0.003) and presence of residual stenosis (P = 0.014) were associated with a lower secondary patency rate. CONCLUSION Patency of dysfunctional hemodialysis fistulas can be maintained safely with continuous follow-up and repeated interventions without shortening the venous segment by surgical revision. Percutaneous approach to hemodialysis access stenosis is an alternative to the conventional surgical approach and PTA is an effective treatment method for dysfunctional AVF. PMID:25698092

  18. Percutaneous Treatment of a Primary Pancreatic Hydatid Cyst Using a Catheterization Technique

    PubMed Central

    Karaman, Bulent; Ustunsoz, Bahri; Ugurel, Mehmet Sahin

    2012-01-01

    Primary pancreatic hydatid cysts are rare and its percutaneous treatment and catheterization technique has, to the best of our knowledge, not been published in literature. A 33-year-old male patient who presented with abdominal pain was evaluated by ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography examinations. Both examinations revealed a cyst in the neck of the pancreas. After the administration of albendazole chemoprophylaxis, the patient underwent diagnostic puncture showing high pressure spring water which harbored the scoleces and was treated percutaneously by the catheterization technique. In this technique, first the cyst was punctured, the fluid content aspirated, the radiocontrast material injected to see possible fistulisation, and then re-aspirated. The 20% hypertonic saline solution was injected and re-aspiration was performed to the best of our abilities, followed by the insertion of a catheter for drainage of the remaining non-aspiratable fluid content. At follow-up examination, the cyst was not visible on US after 6 months. There was no evidence of cyst recurrence or dissemination after 18 months at serologic and imaging follow-up. PMID:22438691

  19. Prognostic Value of Circulating Dead Monocytes in Patients with Acute ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tzu-Hsien Tsai; Yu-Chun Lin; Cheuk-Kwan Sun; Sheng-Ying Chung; Han-Tan Chai; Cheng-Hsu Yang; Shyh-Ming Chen; Chi-Ling Hang; Chien-Jen Chen; Sarah Chua; Chiung-Jen Wu; Steve Leu; Hon-Kan Yip

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: This study tested the hypothesis that the level of apoptotic and necrotic peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) is a predictor of the 30-day combined major adverse clinical outcome (MACO) [defined as advanced congestive heart failure (CHF), a high Killip score, or 30-day mortality] in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: Between April

  20. Spontaneous Hemoperitoneum due to Rupture of Uterine Varicose Veins during Labor Successfully Treated by Percutaneous Embolization

    PubMed Central

    Díaz-Murillo, Rebeca; Tobías-González, Pablo; López-Magallón, Sara; Magdaleno-Dans, Fernando; Bartha, José L.

    2014-01-01

    Hemoperitoneum during pregnancy is a rare but potentially lethal clinical condition. Improvements in antenatal and intrapartum care, especially in surgical and anesthetic techniques, have reduced maternal mortality; perinatal mortality remains very high (31%). Treatment is based on the systemic correction of hypovolemia and immediate surgery via laparotomy or laparoscopy in cases in the first trimester of pregnancy for hemostatic purposes. Sometimes, hysterectomy is needed. A 35-year-old Asiatic primigravid woman at 37 weeks' gestation with otherwise uneventful pregnancy came to the hospital referring abrupt-onset lumbar and abdominal pain. A bleeding uterine superficial varicocele of about 7?cm was found on the left uterine horn during Caesarean section. Interventional radiologic embolization of both uterine arteries was successfully performed. Posterior evolution of the patient was favorable. Percutaneous vascular embolization of the uterine arteries is an effective alternative treatment for many obstetrical and gynecological causes of bleeding. The main advantage of this technique is the low rate of serious complications and the preservation of reproductive function. To our knowledge, this is the first case of spontaneous intrapartum hemoperitoneum treated with this technique. An early diagnosis and a rapid indication of this therapeutic option are essential. Hemodynamic stability is needed to decide this conservative management. PMID:25114819

  1. Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction in a Patient Taking Dabigatran for Chronic Anticoagulation

    PubMed Central

    Ahmed, Imdad

    2015-01-01

    Interventional cardiologists have few data on which to base clinical decisions regarding optimal care for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction patients who are taking therapeutic chronic oral anticoagulation. We present what we believe to be the first reported case of emergency coronary angiography and primary percutaneous coronary intervention in an ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction patient who was on a dabigatran regimen for atrial fibrillation. The patient tolerated the procedures well and had no observable bleeding sequelae. In addition to the patient's case, we discuss the current evidence regarding the periprocedural management of oral anticoagulation in patients who need coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention. PMID:25873830

  2. Prognosis of parathyroid function after successful percutaneous ethanol injection therapy guided by color doppler flow mapping in chronic dialysis patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Takatoshi Kakuta; Masafumi Fukagawa; Tomotaka Fujisaki; Miho Hida; Hajime Suzuki; Hideto Sakai; Kiyoshi Kurokawa; Akira Saito

    1999-01-01

    Selective percutaneous ethanol injection therapy (PEIT) of the parathyroid glands has been shown to be effective in chronic dialysis patients with severe secondary hyperparathyroidism. In this study, we examined whether it was possible to maintain parathyroid function within target range (intact parathyroid hormone [iPTH], 160 to 360 pg\\/mL) in the long term after successful destruction of hyperplastic tissue. PEIT was

  3. Successful surgical treatment of visceral artery aneurysms. After failure of percutaneous treatment.

    PubMed Central

    Melissano, G; Chiesa, R

    1998-01-01

    We report 2 cases involving aneurysms of visceral arteries that needed surgical treatment after unsuccessful percutaneous treatment. In the 1st case, repeated embolizations with Gianturco coils and angiographic guidewires had failed to obliterate a large aneurysm of the hepatic artery. In the 2nd case, a peripancreatic pseudoaneurysm caused recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding despite embolization with Gianturco coils. In both patients, left medial rotation of the viscera provided access to the origin of the affected artery at the aorta, enabling the surgeon to control bleeding before opening the aneurysm. The advantages and limitations of the most commonly performed percutaneous procedures are discussed, as are the surgical options. Images PMID:9566069

  4. Alternative stents in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: improving the efficacy of primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Yetgin, Tuncay; Nakatani, Shimpei; Onuma, Yoshinobu; van Geuns, Robert-Jan M

    2015-05-01

    ABSTRACT? Despite the efficacy of primary percutaneous coronary intervention in achieving epicardial reperfusion in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, it is often limited by impaired microvascular perfusion attributable to distal embolization of plaque and thrombus, and stent malappostion due to vessel constriction and thrombus apposition, attenuating the full benefits of myocardial reperfusion and resulting in unfavorable clinical outcomes. In the long run implantation of permanent metallic implants have negative effect the biological behavior of the target vessel with a continuous low device failure over the years. Recently, however, efforts have been realized to tackle these shortcomings and optimize mechanical reperfusion by improvements to stent design, as substantiated by the self-expanding stent, the mesh-covered stent and the bioresorbable vascular scaffold. In this article, we provide an overview of the role of these novel, innovatively designed, alternative devices in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. PMID:26021640

  5. Primary subclavian-axillary vein thrombosis: the relative roles of thrombolysis, percutaneous angioplasty, stents, and surgery.

    PubMed

    Rutherford, R B

    1998-06-01

    This article is based on a review of the literature and a survey of vascular surgeons augmented by more recent reports of new therapeutic approaches. Primary subclavian-axillary vein thrombosis (SAVT) occurs mostly (approximately 70%) in the dominant upper extremity of active healthy patients after a period of unusual exercise or arm positioning. In such patients, most experience severe symptoms, and this outlook is not modified by anticoagulant therapy. These patients should be considered for interventional therapy, beginning with catheter-directed thrombolysis. Although it is clear that the initial management of primary SAVT, by catheter-directed thrombolysis, followed by surgical relief of phlebographically demonstrated extrinsic thoracic outlet compression, is well accepted, the preferred method of dealing with residual intrinsic stenoses and occlusions is still controversial. The durability of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) or stents still needs to be defined by long-term follow-up, but kinking or compression of the stent has lead to failure when performed without concomitant thoracic outlet (TO) decompression. Thus, in addition to thrombolysis and TO decompression, residual intrinsic stenoses can be treated either by stenting or by surgical reconstruction, the latter preferably through an extended incision that avoids claviculectomy. Surgical reconstructions are favored only for short, proximal occlusions or for residual stenoses, when performed at the same time as thoracic outlet decompression. First rib removal has lost its popularity in the treatment of postthrombotic occlusion of the subclavian-axillary venous segment and should not be used alone in this setting in the absence of objective proof of positional collateral obstruction. PMID:9671238

  6. Comparison of primary coronary percutaneous coronary intervention between Diabetic Men and Women with acute myocardial infarction

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Heng-Liang; Liu, Yang; Hao, Zhen-Xuan; Geng, Guo-Ying; Zhang, Zhi-Fang; Jing, Song-Bin; Ba, Ning; Guo, Wei

    2015-01-01

    Objective: This study aimed to explore the short-term efficacy and safety of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in female diabetic patients complicated with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods: A total of 169 diabetic patients with AMI who underwent primary PCI were selected and divided into group A (52 females) and group B (117 males). The clinical data, characteristics of coronary artery lesions, lengths of hospital stay, and incidences of complications were then compared between two groups. Results: The average age, history of hyperlipidemia, double branch lesions, triple branch lesions, and left main lesions were significantly higher in group A than in group B (P < 0.05). Smoking history, PCI history, and pre-infarction angina were distinctly lower in group A than in group B (P < 0.05). Thrombolysis in myocardial infarction 3 (TIMI3) flow and TIMI myocardial perfusion grade 3 (TMPG3) after PCI were markedly lower in group A than in group B (P < 0.001). Group A had a higher incidence of complications, such as severe arrhythmia, cardiac function Killip III/IV, cardiogenic shock, major, moderate and mild bleed event, as well as a 30-day mortality rate, compared with group B (P < 0.05). Conclusion: In summary, our study demonstrated that female diabetic patients with AMI had lower TIMI3 flow and TMPG3 following PCI than male patients, while there was higher incidence of complications and 30-day mortality rate. Therefore, more attention should be paid to the therapy of diabetic women with acute myocardial infarction as well as the control of risk factors.

  7. Successful percutaneous extraction of an inadvertently placed left ventricular pacing lead.

    PubMed

    de Cock, C C; van Campen, C M C; Kamp, O; Visser, C A

    2003-04-01

    A 74-year-old patient was referred for a rapidly increasing pacing threshold 9 months after DDD pacemaker implantation because of symptomatic total atrioventricular (AV) block. She had a history of hypertension, diabetes with micro-angiopathy and a recent transient ischaemic attack. The paced electrocardiogram on admission had a right bundle branch block pattern and 3-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography demonstrated passage of the lead through an atrial septal defect with a left ventricular position in addition to moderate atherosclerosis of the ascending aorta. No thrombus could be detected on the lead. Percutaneous extraction is usually not recommended because of the risk of mobilization of thrombus material. However, the risk of stroke during removal using cardiopulmonary bypass in this patient was considerably increased because of the presence of multiple independent risk factors. Therefore, percutaneous extraction using a locking device was selected and performed without complications: follow-up was uneventful. PMID:12633646

  8. Successful conservative management of a colorenal fistula complicating percutaneous cryoablation of renal tumors: a case report

    E-print Network

    Morgan, Amir IS; Doble, Andrew; Davies, R Justin

    2012-10-26

    , and there has been a shift toward utilization of nephron- sparing surgery when feasible. Renal cryoablation is associated with higher local retreatment rates in com- parison with radical or partial nephrectomy, although intermediate-term oncological outcomes... Pathophysiol 2010, 1:106–108. 3. Stroup SP, Kopp RP, Derweesh IH: Laparoscopic and percutaneous cryotherapy for renal neoplasms. Panminerva Med 2010, 52:331–338. 4. Uppot RN, Silverman SG, Zagoria RJ, Tuncali K, Childs DD, Gervais DA: Imaging...

  9. Six-Month Angiographic Outcome After Successful Repeat Percutaneous Intervention for In-Stent Restenosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christophe Bauters; Jean-Luc Banos; Eric Van Belle; Eugene P. Mc Fadden; Jean-Marc Lablanche; Michel E. Bertrand

    Background—In-stent restenosis is an increasing clinical problem. Discordant results have been published regarding the risk of recurrent restenosis after repeat angioplasty for the treatment of in-stent restenosis. Methods and Results—One hundred three consecutive patients (107 vessels) underwent repeat percutaneous intervention for the treatment of in-stent restenosis and were entered in a prospective angiographic follow-up program. Repeat balloon angioplasty was performed

  10. A Stoichiometric Model of Early Plant Primary Succession

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Justin N. Marleau; Yu Jin; John G. Bishop; William F. Fagan; Mark A. Lewis

    2011-01-01

    The relative importance of plant facilitation and competition during\\u000a primary succession depends on the development of ecosystem nutrient\\u000a pools, yet the interaction of these processes remains poorly understood.\\u000a To explore how these mechanisms interact to drive successional dynamics,\\u000a we devised a stoichiometric ecosystem-level model that considers the\\u000a role of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation in plant primary succession.\\u000a We applied this

  11. A stoichiometric model of early plant primary succession.

    PubMed

    Marleau, Justin N; Jin, Yu; Bishop, John G; Fagan, William F; Lewis, Mark A

    2011-02-01

    The relative importance of plant facilitation and competition during primary succession depends on the development of ecosystem nutrient pools, yet the interaction of these processes remains poorly understood. To explore how these mechanisms interact to drive successional dynamics, we devised a stoichiometric ecosystem-level model that considers the role of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation in plant primary succession. We applied this model to the primary plant community on Mount St. Helens, Washington State, to check the validity of the proposed mechanisms. Our results show that the plant community is colimited by nitrogen and phosphorus, and they confirm previous suggestions that the presence of a nitrogen-fixing legume, Lupinus lepidus, can enhance community biomass. In addition, the observed nutrient supply rates may promote alternative successional trajectories that depend on the initial plant abundances, which may explain the observed heterogeneity in community development. The model further indicates the importance of mineralization rates and other ecosystem parameters to successional rates. We conclude that a model framework based on ecological stoichiometry allows integration of key biotic processes that interact nonlinearly with biogeochemical aspects of succession. Extension of this approach will improve the understanding of the process of primary succession and its application to ecosystem rehabilitation. PMID:21460559

  12. Efficacy and safety of a biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent in primary percutaneous coronary intervention: a randomized controlled trial

    PubMed Central

    Li, Qiang; Tong, Zichuan; Wang, Lefeng; Zhang, Jianjun; Ge, Yonggui; Wang, Hongshi; Li, Weiming; Xu, Li; Ni, Zhuhua

    2013-01-01

    Introduction With long-term follow-up, whether biodegradable polymer drug-eluting stents (DES) is efficient and safe in primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains a controversial issue. This study aims to assess the long-term efficacy and safety of DES in PCI for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Material and methods A prospective, randomized single-blind study with 3-year follow-up was performed to compare biodegradable polymer DES with durable polymer DES in 332 STEMI patients treated with primary PCI. The primary end point was major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 3 years after the procedure, defined as the composite of cardiac death, recurrent infarction, and target vessel revascularization. The secondary end points included in-segment late luminal loss (LLL) and binary restenosis at 9 months and cumulative stent thrombosis (ST) event rates up to 3 years. Results The rate of the primary end points and the secondary end points including major adverse cardiac events, in-segment late luminal loss, binary restenosis, and cumulative thrombotic event rates were comparable between biodegradable polymer DES and durable polymer DES in these 332 STEMI patients treated with primary PCI at 3 years. Conclusions Biodegradable polymer DES has similar efficacy and safety profiles at 3 years compared with durable polymer DES in STEMI patients treated with primary PCI. PMID:24482648

  13. Simple clinical risk score for no-reflow prediction in patients undergoing primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with acute STEMI

    PubMed Central

    Dogan, Nazile Bilgin; Ozpelit, Ebru; Akdeniz, Selma; Bilgin, Muzaffer; Baris, Nezihi

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: To identify the STEMI patients at high risk in terms of no-reflow during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with a simple risk score system that can be used before reperfusion. Methods: Total 173 patients who had undergone primary or rescue percutaneous coronary intervention following the diagnosis of STEMI, were classified as “no-reflow” developers and “no-reflow” non-developers, during the procedure. The pre-procedural ECGs, laboratory parameters, demographic data, time for the treatment, and the treatment methods were evaluated with univariate analysis. The independent predictors were identified by multivariate logistic regression analysis among the no-reflow risk factors. Using the independent predictors, we developed a simple risk score system proportional to area under the ROC (AUROC) curves. Results: The independent predictors of “no-reflow” phenomenon were identified as follows: high values of blood glucose at reference; long symptom-onset-to-balloon-time; and low lymphocyte count. The incidence rates of “no-reflow” in patients with low (0-1), moderate (2-3) and high (4-6) risk factors were 13.3%, 40.0%, and 46.7%, respectively. The risk score system demonstrated a good risk prediction between patients with various risk levels of the development of “no-reflow” with a c-statistics of 0.734 (95% CI 0.654-0.814). Conclusion: The development of “no-reflow” which is an adverse event in STEMI treatment can be predicted efficiently by simple clinical risk scoring method.

  14. Randomized comparative study of left versus right radial approach in the setting of primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-elevation myocardial infarction

    PubMed Central

    Fu, Qiang; Hu, Hongyu; Wang, Dezhao; Chen, Wei; Tan, Zhixu; Li, Qun; Chen, Buxing

    2015-01-01

    Background Growing evidence suggests that the left radial approach (LRA) is related to decreased coronary procedure duration and fewer cerebrovascular complications as compared to the right radial approach (RRA) in elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, the feasibility of LRA in primary PCI has yet to be studied further. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of LRA compared with RRA for primary PCI in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. Materials and methods A total of 200 consecutive patients with STEMI who received primary PCI were randomized to LRA (number [n]=100) or RRA (n=100). The study endpoint was needle-to-balloon time, defined as the time from local anesthesia infiltration to the first balloon inflation. Radiation dose by measuring cumulative air kerma (CAK) and CAK dose area product, as well as fluoroscopy time and contrast volume were also investigated. Results There were no significant differences in the baseline characteristics between the two groups. The coronary procedural success rate was similar between both radial approaches (98% for left versus 94% for right; P=0.28). Compared with RRA, LRA had significantly shorter needle-to-balloon time (16.0±4.8 minutes versus 18.0±6.5 minutes, respectively; P=0.02). Additionally, fluoroscopy time (7.4±3.4 minutes versus 8.8±3.5 minutes, respectively; P=0.01) and CAK dose area product (51.9±30.4 Gy cm2 versus 65.3±49.1 Gy cm2, respectively; P=0.04) were significantly lower with LRA than with RRA. Conclusion Primary PCI can be performed via LRA with earlier blood flow restoration in the infarct-related artery and lower radiation exposure when compared with RRA; therefore, the LRA may become a feasible and attractive alternative to perform primary PCI for STEMI patients.

  15. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio predicts contrast-induced nephropathy in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Kaya, Ahmet; Kaya, Yasemin; Topçu, Selim; Günaydin, Zeki Yüksel; Kurt, Mustafa; Tanbo?a, Ibrahim Halil; Kalkan, Kamuran; Aksakal, Enbiya

    2014-01-01

    We investigated the relationship between baseline neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Consecutive patients diagnosed with STEMI (n = 691) who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) were included in the study. The CIN was defined as an increase in serum creatinine concentration ?25% over baseline at 48 hours. Both NLR and C-reactive protein levels were significantly higher in the CIN group. There was a stronger correlation in patients with a known history of chronic kidney disease and in patients with a history of diabetes mellitus (DM). Advanced age, DM, low baseline glomerular filtration rate, reduced postprocedural ST resolution, high amount of contrast media, high NLR, and low left ventricular ejection fraction were independent predictors of CIN. The NLR may be used as a simple and reliable indicator of CIN in patients with STEMI who underwent p-PCI. PMID:23620308

  16. Improvement of left ventricular dysfunction during exercise by walking in patients with successful percutaneous coronary intervention for acute myocardial infarction.

    PubMed

    Koizumi, Tomomi; Miyazaki, Akira; Komiyama, Nobuyuki; Sun, Kezhu; Nakasato, Takashi; Masuda, Yoshiaki; Komuro, Issei

    2003-03-01

    A growing body of evidence suggests that walking reduces the incidence of coronary events, so the present study investigated whether walking influences left ventricular function in 30 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) who had undergone successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The patients were randomly assigned to either a 3-month exercise training program of walking (group W, n=15) or a control group (group C, n=15). At both the beginning and end of the study, patients underwent exercise stress echocardiography to determine left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at rest and during exercise. At baseline, there was no difference in LVEF at rest or during exercise between the two groups. After 3 months, LVEF during exercise was significantly improved compared with at rest in group W (61+/-3% during exercise vs 57+/-5% at rest, p<0.01), whereas no difference was observed between the LVEF at rest and that during exercise in group C (54+/-5% at rest vs 52+/-7% during exercise, NS). Walking may be beneficial for improving left ventricular function during exercise in patients with AMI. PMID:12604873

  17. Percutaneous peripheral excimer laser angioplasty: immediate success rate and short-term outcome

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Visona, Adriana; Liessi, Guido; Bonanome, Andrea; Lusiani, Luigi; Miserocchi, Luigi; Pagnan, Antonio

    1991-05-01

    Excimer Laser Angioplasty was attempted in 47 patients (36 males, 11 females, mean age 62+/- 7 years, range 39-77 years), affected by peripheral vascular disease. Thirty-seven patients had a total occlusion of the superficial femoral artery, 3 of the iliac artery and 1 of the popliteal artery; 6 patients showed a subocclusive stenosis of the superficial femoral artery. Occlusions and subocclusive stenoses were classified by length: < 10 cm (28 cases), > 10 cm (19 cases). A commercial excimer laser (Technolas Max-10) was used at the Xenon- Chloride wavelength of 308 nm. The laser operated at 60 ns pulse length and at 20-40 Hz repetition rate. Applied energy fluence was 20 mJ/pulse. The energy was delivered through a multifiber catheter, which combines 12 (7F) or 18 (9F) fibers (260 micron diameter each), concentrically arranged. Balloon dilatation was associated to complete the procedure in 38 cases. The treated arteries were successfully recanalized in 41 out of 47 patients (87%). Hemodynamic improvement was confirmed by a significant increase of ankle/brachial systolic pressure index (from 0.60+/- 0.17 to 0.79+/- 0.20, p < 0.005). Failure to recanalize arterial occlusion occurred in 6 cases, and was due to dissection in 3 patients and inability to cross the final segment of a long occlusion in 3 patients. The success rate was higher for lesions < 10 cm in length. Early reocclusion was observed in 7 patients and was associated with poor run-off. The cumulative patency rate at 1 month was 90.7%. Preliminary results are encouraging. More suitable catheters and better selection of patients should improve the efficacy of laser angioplasty and should allow to perform laser procedures without combining balloon angioplasty.

  18. Experiences in US-Guided Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation of 44 Renal Tumors in 31 Patients: Analysis of Predictors for Complications and Technical Success

    SciTech Connect

    Veltri, Andrea, E-mail: andrea_veltri@infinito.it; Calvo, Amedeo; Tosetti, Irene [University of Turin, Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Pagano, Eva [University of Turin, Unit of Cancer Epidemiology (Italy); Genovesio, Andrea; Virzi, Valentina [University of Turin, Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Ferrando, Ugo [San Giovanni Battista Hospital, Unit of Urology (Italy); Fontana, Dario [University of Turin, Institute of Urology (Italy); Gandini, Giovanni [University of Turin, Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy)

    2006-10-15

    Purpose. Preliminary clinical studies have shown the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of radiofrequency thermal ablation (RFA) of renal tumors, but only a few have analyzed the prognostic factors for technical success and there are no long-term results. Our objective was to statistically evaluate our mid-term results of percutaneous US-guided RFA in order to define predictors for complications and technical success. Methods. We selected for treatment 44 tumors in 31 patients (24 with renal cell carcinoma, 7 with hereditary tumors, 15 with a solitary kidney), up to 5 cm in diameter. Results. Eight adverse events occurred; 3 (6.8%) were major complications, successfully treated with interventional radiology procedures in 2 cases. Exophytic extension of the tumor was protective against complications (p 0.040). Technical success was obtained in 38 lesions after one RFA session and in 39 (89%) after one more session, when possible. At the end of treatment, central extension was the only negative predictor for technical success (p = 0.007), while neither size >3 cm (p = 0.091) nor other prognostic factors were statistically significant. Conclusion. US-guided percutaneous RFA can be proposed for non-central renal tumors up to 5 cm, also in patients without surgical contraindications, thanks to a low incidence of complications and a high success rate. Randomized controlled trials versus surgery are now needed to investigate long-term comparative results.

  19. -Primary succession on Mount St. Helens -223 Journal of Vegetation Science 4: 223-234, 1993

    E-print Network

    del Moral, Roger

    - Primary succession on Mount St. Helens - 223 Journal of Vegetation Science 4: 223-234, 1993 © IAVS; Opulus Press Uppsala. Printed in Sweden Early primary succession on the volcano Mount St. Helens the development of species Abstract. Primary succession on Mount St. Helens, Washing- ton State, USA, was studied

  20. Successful Percutaneous Retrieval of an Inferior Vena Cava Filter Migrating to the Right Ventricle in a Bariatric Patient

    SciTech Connect

    Veerapong, Jula [University of Chicago Hospitals, Department of General Surgery (United States); Wahlgren, Carl Magnus, E-mail: carl.wahlgren@karolinska.s [University of Chicago Hospitals, Section of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery (United States); Jolly, Neeraj [University of Chicago Hospitals, Section of Interventional Cardiology, Department of Medicine (United States); Bassiouny, Hisham [University of Chicago Hospitals, Section of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery (United States)

    2008-07-15

    The use of an inferior vena cava filter has an important role in the management of patients who are at high risk for development of pulmonary embolism. Migration is a rare but known complication of inferior vena cava filter placement. We herein describe a case of a prophylactic retrievable vena cava filter migrating to the right ventricle in a bariatric patient. The filter was retrieved percutaneously by transjugular approach and the patient did well postoperatively. A review of the current literature is given.

  1. The effect of thrombus aspiration during primary percutaneous coronary intervention on clinical outcome in daily clinical practice.

    PubMed

    Kilic, Sinem; Ottervanger, Jan Paul; Dambrink, Jan-Henk E; Hoorntje, Jan C A; Koopmans, Petra C; Gosselink, A T Marcel; Suryapranata, Harry; van 't Hof, Arnoud W J

    2014-01-01

    It was the purpose of this study to assess the effect of thrombus aspiration (TA) during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) on reperfusion and clinical outcome in a real-world STEMI population. The decision to use TA (Export catheter, Medtronic) was at the discretion of the treating cardiologist. The primary endpoint was mortality at short (in-hospital) and long term (one year) follow-up. Secondary end points were post-PCI TIMI flow, residual ST deviation and enzymatic infarct size. Cox proportional hazard models (propensity-weighted) and logistic regression analysis were used to adjust for known covariates, associated with mortality. We performed a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on 2,552 consecutive PPCI-treated STEMI patients between 2007 and 2010. Use of TA increased from 6.9% in 2007 to 62.2% in 2010 (p<0.001). TA was performed in 899 patients (35.2%). In-hospital and one-year mortality rates were 3.0% and 6.0%, respectively, in the TA group and 3.5% and 7.6% in the no-TA group. After multivariate analysis, TA was not significantly associated with in-hospital mortality (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 0.70; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.33-1.49, p=0.36) nor one year mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 0.75, 95%CI: 0.47-1.20, p=0.23) or cardiac mortality (HR: 0.81; 95%CI: 0.45-1.46, p=0.49). After matching on the propensity score, the HR in the TA group for one year mortality was 0.70 (95%CI: 0.41-1.20, p=0.19) and for one-year cardiac mortality 0.70 (95%CI: 0.36-1.34, p=0.28). In conclusion, no significant relationship of TA with one of the secondary end points was found. The use of TA increased over the last years but clinical outcome was similar in both groups (TA vs no-TA) in this large cohort of real-world, unselected STEMI patients. PMID:24085338

  2. Successful management of Ellis type III left anterior descending artery perforation following percutaneous coronary intervention by a covered stent: Successfully resolved the dramatic complication

    PubMed Central

    Srinivas, Sunil Kumar; Patra, Soumya; Ramalingam, Rangaraj; Agrawal, Navin; Syed, Tanveer; Shankarappa, Ravindranath K.; Manjunath, Cholenahalli Nanjappa

    2014-01-01

    Coronary artery perforation is a rare but catastrophic complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Grade III coronary perforation and rupture invariably results in pericardial effusion and tamponade requiring urgent pericardiocentesis. Advances in coronary intervention have increased the opportunity to treat coronary artery perforation. We are reporting a case of 55 years old hypertensive female who presented with effort angina. Coronary angiogram revealed significant stenosis in the left anterior descending coronary artery. Post PCI, she had Ellis type III coronary perforation and pericardial tamponade and cardiogenic shock. The patient was resuscitated, pericardiocentesis done, autologous blood transfusion given and covered stent deployed. PMID:24653590

  3. Patterns of Primary Succession on the Foreland of Coleman Glacier, Washington, USA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chad C. Jones; Roger del Moral

    2005-01-01

    Patterns of community development vary among studied glacier forelands around the world. However, there have been few studies of primary succession on glacial forelands in temperate regions of North America. We described patterns in community composition, vegetation cover, diversity, and vegetation heterogeneity during primary succession on the foreland of Coleman Glacier, in Washington State, USA. Community composition changed rapidly with

  4. Immunoglobulin Replacement Therapy in Primary Antibody Deficiency Diseases – Maximizing Success

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anne Durandy; Volker Wahn; Steve Petteway; Erwin W. Gelfand

    2005-01-01

    Antibody or humoral immunodeficiencies comprise the largest group of primary immunodeficiency diseases. Since the first description of patients with low gammaglobulin levels more than four decades ago, a great wealth of information has been accumulated. Especially in the last several years, the application of molecular and genetic techniques has unraveled many of these disorders, identifying disorders of B cell development,

  5. Primary Students' Success on the Structured Number Line

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diezmann, Carmel M.; Lowrie, Tom; Sugars, Lindy A.

    2010-01-01

    Number lines are part of people's everyday life and are frequently used in primary mathematics as instructional aids, in texts, and for assessment purposes on mathematics tests. There are two types of number lines; (1) structured number lines, which are the focus of this paper; and (2) empty number lines. Structured number lines represent…

  6. Vegetation–environment interactions in a sub-arctic primary succession

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nick Cutler

    2011-01-01

    Biological modification of the physical environment is a characteristic feature of primary succession that is of particular\\u000a importance in stressful, high-latitude habitats. However, the degree of spatiotemporal variability in biotic reaction is poorly\\u000a understood. This is a significant gap in our knowledge of primary succession, as spatiotemporal variability in biotic reaction\\u000a may be linked to divergent development during succession. The

  7. Predicting successful percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with chronic total occlusion: the incremental value of a novel morphological parameter assessed by computed tomography.

    PubMed

    Chen, Yang; Lu, Bin; Hou, Zhi-Hui; Gao, Yang; Yu, Fang-Fang; Yin, Wei-Hua; Wang, Zhi-Qiang

    2015-08-01

    To study the relationship between percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) success and various morphological index evaluated by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in patients with coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO). 272 Consecutive patients with 281 CTO lesions diagnosed by CCTA and invasive coronary angiography were prospectively enrolled. The luminal attenuation of proximal segment of CTO lesions was measured. Other parameters, like lesion length, coronary calcium score, torturous course, stump morphology were also recorded. The attenuation of the proximal segment of CTO lesions was significantly higher in PCI failure group than it was in PCI success group (88 ± 19.7 vs. 70.2 ± 13, p < 0.001). Lesion length in PCI failure group was longer than those in PCI success group (20.4 ± 11.2 vs. 15.1 ± 5.85 mm, p < 0.001) and lesions in PCI failure group were more heavily calcified than lesions in PCI success group (Agatston score 61 vs. 5.7, p < 0.001). The attenuation of the proximal segment of CTO lesions, along with occlusion length and total coronary calcium score were significant independent predictors of PCI failure. The attenuation of the proximal segment of CTO lesions, along with occlusion length and total coronary calcium score as assessed by CCTA have predictive value for PCI outcomes. PMID:25982175

  8. Percutaneous Management of Pyogenic Liver Abscesses

    PubMed Central

    Helenon, O.; Krachte, M.; Mathieu, D.; Vasile, N.; Rotman, N.

    1989-01-01

    Twenty-four pyogenic liver abscesses have been treated during a six-year period percutaneously. Percutaneous management included percutaneous drainage and fine needle aspiration under ultrasound or CT scan guidance. Percutaneous management was successful in 92% of cases, and no further treatment was required in 91% of these. One patient died, giving a mortality rate of 4.1%. There were no complications related to this method. The authors conclude that percutaneous management of pyogenic liver abscesses should be attempted in all cases, since results compare favourably with surgical procedures. PMID:2487072

  9. Relationships among Preservice Primary Mathematics Teachers' Gender, Academic Success and Spatial Ability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turgut, Melih; Yilmaz, Suha

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this work is to investigate relationships among pre-service primary mathematics teachers' gender, academic success and spatial ability. The study was conducted in Izmir with 193 pre-service primary mathematics teachers of Dokuz Eylul University. In the work, spatial ability test, which consists of two main sub-tests measuring spatial…

  10. Spatial factors affecting primary succession on the Muddy River Lahar, Mount St. Helens, Washington

    E-print Network

    del Moral, Roger

    Spatial factors affecting primary succession on the Muddy River Lahar, Mount St. Helens, Washington eruption of Mount St. Helens, Washington spawned a massive lahar that now supports a mosaic of vegeta- tion analysis Á Vegetation gradients Introduction Mount St. Helens is a unique setting to explore primary

  11. Strategies for and Successes with Promoting Social Integration in Primary Schools in Canada and China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyson, Lily

    2012-01-01

    This study examined social integration in 11 primary schools in Canada and 19 primary schools in China as reported by teachers in terms of the strategies employed to promote social integration and success in achieving social integration. Structured interviews were conducted with 64 Canadian and 52 Chinese general education teachers. The results…

  12. Journal of Vegetation Science 23 (2012) 7385 Primary succession trajectories on pumice at Mount

    E-print Network

    del Moral, Roger

    2012-01-01

    Journal of Vegetation Science 23 (2012) 73­85 Primary succession trajectories on pumice at Mount St patterns during succession? Location: Pumice Plain of Mount St. Helens (46.23449°N; 122.15929°W, 1230 m a.s.l.), which was sterilized in 1980 by a direct volcanic blast, then bur- ied in pumice. Methods: We monitored

  13. Sudden cardiac death and left ventricular ejection fraction during long-term follow-up after acute myocardial infarction in the primary percutaneous coronary intervention era: results from the HIJAMI-II registry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T Shiga; N Hagiwara; H Ogawa; A Takagi; M Nagashima; T Yamauchi; Y Tsurumi; R Koyanagi; H Kasanuki

    2009-01-01

    Objective:To determine the incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) according to left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in survivors of myocardial infarction (MI) in the primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) era.Design:A multicentre observational prospective registered cohort study.Setting:18 medical centres in Japan.Patients:4122 consecutive patients (mean age 66 (SD 12) years, 73.7% male) with acute MI, who were discharged alive.Main outcome measures:The primary

  14. Association Between Visit-to-Visit Variability in Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Events in Hypertensive Patients After Successful Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Gondo, Kouki; Miura, Shin-ichiro; Suematsu, Yasunori; Shiga, Yuhei; Kuwano, Takashi; Sugihara, Makoto; Ike, Amane; Iwata, Atsushi; Motozato, Kota; Kusumoto, Takaaki; Nishikawa, Hiroaki; Saku, Keijiro

    2015-01-01

    Background Visit-to-visit variability (VVV) in blood pressure (BP) in addition to high BP has been shown to be a strong predictor of coronary events and stroke. Therefore, we investigated the associations between VVV in BP or BP levels and cardiovascular events after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods We enrolled 176 hypertensive patients who had undergone successful PCI and who had four clinic visits to measure BP until follow-up coronary angiography (CAG) at 6 - 9 months after PCI. The patients were divided into those with acute coronary syndrome (ACS group; n = 50) and those with stable angina pectoris (SAP group; n = 126). We determined VVV in BP expressed as the standard deviation (SD) of average BP, average, and the maximum and minimum BP during the follow-up period. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) (myocardial infarction (MI), target lesion revascularization (TLR) and all-cause death) were also analyzed. Results There were no significant differences in VVV in BP, average BP or maximum or minimum BP between the patients with and without MACE in all patients, the ACS and SAP groups. Interestingly, in the ACS group, VVV in SBP and maximum SBP in patients with MI were significantly higher than those in patients without MI. The cut-off levels for VVV in BP and maximum SBP that gave the greatest sensitivity and specificity for MI in the ACS group were 15.1 and 138 mm Hg, respectively. Conclusion Higher VVV in SBP and maximum SBP in patients with ACS after successful PCI were associated with the onset of MI. PMID:26015820

  15. Prognostic value of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio in patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Park, Jin Joo; Jang, Ho-Joon; Oh, Il-Young; Yoon, Chang-Hwan; Suh, Jung-Won; Cho, Young-Seok; Youn, Tae-Jin; Cho, Goo-Yeong; Chae, In-Ho; Choi, Dong-Ju

    2013-03-01

    Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory process, and inflammatory biomarkers have been identified as useful predictors of clinical outcomes. The prognostic value of leukocyte count in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions who undergo primary percutaneous coronary intervention is not clearly defined. In 325 patients with STEMIs treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention, total and differential leukocyte counts, once at admission and 24 hours thereafter, were measured. The neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was calculated as the ratio of neutrophil count to lymphocyte count. The primary end point was all-cause death. Twenty-five patients (7.7%) died during follow-up (median 1,092 days, interquartile range 632 to 1,464). The total leukocyte count decreased (from 11,853 ± 3,946/?l to 11,245 ± 3,979/?l, p = 0.004) from baseline to 24 hours after admission. Patients who died had higher neutrophil counts (9,887 ± 5,417/?l vs 8,399 ± 3,639/?l, p = 0.061), lower lymphocyte counts (1,566 ± 786/?l vs 1,899 ± 770/?l, p = 0.039), and higher NLRs (8.58 ± 7.41 vs 5.51 ± 4.20, p = 0.001) at 24 hours after admission. Baseline leukocyte profile was not associated with outcomes. The best cut-off value of 24-hour NLR to predict mortality was 5.44 (area under the curve 0.72, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.52 to 0.82). In multivariate analysis, a 24-hour NLR ?5.44 was an independent predictor of mortality (hazard ratio 3.12, 95% CI 1.14 to 8.55), along with chronic kidney disease (hazard ratio 4.23, 95% CI 1.62 to 11.1) and the left ventricular ejection fraction (hazard ratio 0.94 for a 3% increase, 95% CI 0.76 to 0.93). In conclusion, NLR at 24 hours after admission can be used for risk stratification in patients with STEMIs who undergo primary PCI. Patients with STEMIs with 24-hour NLRs ?5.44 are at increased risk for mortality and should receive more intensive treatment. PMID:23273716

  16. Successful percutaneous coronary intervention in a patient with combined deficiency of FV and FVIII due to novel compound heterozygous mutations in LMAN1.

    PubMed

    Patel, A J; Liu, H-H; Lager, R A; Malkovska, V; Zhang, B

    2013-07-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with congenital coagulation factor deficiencies presents a unique challenge. They are not only at increased risk of perioperative bleeding but can also suffer thrombosis of the stent as preventive anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy is difficult. Several cases of successful PCI have been described in patients with haemophilia A and B, but there are no reports in patients with combined coagulation factor deficiencies. We used PCI to treat the coronary artery disease in a patient with the combined deficiency of factor V and factor VIII (F5F8D) and analysed the molecular basis of the disorder for this patient. A 68-year-old patient was admitted for urgent PCI with bare metal stent placement after the diagnosis of the F5F8D. Peripheral blood DNA was extracted for the sequence analysis of LMAN1 and MCFD2 genes. Mutations in LMAN1 was confirmed by molecular cloning of the PCR product and resequencing of the resulting clones. The patient underwent successful PCI with good long-term outcome. Our patient tolerated anticoagulation therapy well, with unfractionated heparin, and double antiplatelet therapy while he was initially supported with fresh frozen plasma and recombinant FVIII. Molecular analysis revealed that the patient carries unusual compound heterozygous frameshift mutations on the same microsatellite repeat region in exon 8 of LMAN1, one of which is a novel mutation (c.912delA). Our results suggest that patients with F5F8D can safely undergo PCI for coronary artery disease, with the treatment individualized to the specific patient. PMID:23557496

  17. Causes and Consequences of Herbivory on Prairie Lupine ( Lupinus lepidus ) in Early Primary Succession

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John G. Bishop; William F. Fagan; John D. Schade; Charles M. Crisafulli

    Primary succession, the formation and change of ecological communities in locations initially lacking organisms or other biological\\u000a materials, has been an important research focus for at least a century (Cowles 1899; Griggs 1933; Eggler 1941; Crocker and\\u000a Major 1955; Eggler 1959; Miles and Walton 1993; Walker and del Moral 2003). At approximately 60 km2, primary successional surfaces at Mount St.

  18. Effect of High Dose Rosuvastatin Loading before Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention on Infarct Size in Patients with ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Ji Won; Kim, Eun Kyoung; Kim, Yong Cheol; Joe, Dai-Yeol; Ko, Jum Suk; Rhee, Sang Jae; Lee, Eun Mi; Yoo, Nam Jin; Kim, Nam-Ho; Oh, Seok Kyu; Jeong, Jin-Won

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives High dose rosuvastatin loading before percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) reduces the myocardial damage and the incidence of adverse cardiac events in patients with stable angina and acute coronary syndrome. However, no studies are present yet about rosuvastatin loading in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in a primary PCI setting. Subjects and Methods A total of 475 patients who underwent primary PCI for STEMI were studied. The study population was divided into two groups with 208 patients in the statin group=40 mg rosuvastatin loading before primary PCI and 267 patients in the control group=no statin pretreatment. At median 3 days after PCI a single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was performed with technetium 99m tetrofosmin For this study were compared infarct size, corrected Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) frame count and the myocardial blush grade (MBG) between the both groups. Results Baseline clinical and procedural characteristics were similar between the groups. Infarct size, as assessed by SPECT, was significantly smaller (19.0±15.9% vs. 22.9±16.5%, p=0.009) in the statin group than in the control group. Patients of the statin group showed a lower corrected TIMI frame count (28.2±19.3 vs. 32.6±21.4, p=0.020), and higher MBG (2.49±0.76 vs. 2.23±0.96, p=0.001) than the patients of the control group. The multivariate analysis revealed that rosuvastatin loading {odds ratio (OR) 0.61}, pain to balloon time (OR 2.05), anterior myocardial infarction (OR 3.89) and final the MBG (OR 2.93) were independent predictors of a large infarct size. Conclusion A high dose rosuvastatin loading before the primary PCI reduced the infarct size by microvascular myocardial perfusion improvement. PMID:24653736

  19. Comparison between Intracoronary Abciximab and Intravenous Eptifibatide Administration during Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention of Acute ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

    PubMed Central

    Namazi, Mohammad Hasan; Safi, Morteza; Vakili, Hosein; Saadat, Habibollah; Karimi, Esfandiar; Bagheri, Ramin Khameneh

    2013-01-01

    Background: Administration of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors is an effective adjunctive treatment strategy during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Recent data suggest that an intracoronary administration of these drugs can increase the efficacy of PPCI. This study was done to find any potential difference in terms of efficacy of administering intracoronary Abciximab vs. intravenous Eptifibatide in primary PPCI. Methods: A total of 40 STEMI patients who underwent PPCI within 12 hours of symptom onset were randomized to either an intracoronary Abciximab (0.25 ?g/kg) bolus or two boluses of intravenous Eptifibatide (0.180 ?g/kg) each 10 minutes. The primary end points were enzymatic infarct size, myocardial reperfusion measured as ST-segment resolution (STR), and post-procedural thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) grade flow of the infarct-related artery. The secondary end points were intra-procedural adverse effect (arrhythmia) and no-reflow phenomenon, in-hospital mortality, reinfarction, hemorrhage, and post-procedural global systolic function. Results: Post-procedural TIMI grade 3 flow was achieved in 95% and 90% of the intracoronary Abciximab and intravenous Eptifibatide groups, respectively (p value = 0.61). The infarct size, as assessed by the area under the curve of creatine phosphokinase-MB in the first 48 hours after PPCI (?mol/L/hr), was similar between the intracoronary Abciximab and intravenous Eptifibatide groups: 6591 (interquartile range [IQR], 3006.0 to 11112.0) versus 7,294 (IQR, 3795.5 to 11803.5); p value = 0.59. Complete STR was achieved in 55% and 45% of the intracoronary Abciximab and intravenous Eptifibatide groups, respectively (p value = 0.87). No deaths, urgent revascularizations, reinfarctions, or TIMI major bleeding events were observed in either group. Conclusion: The intracoronary administration of Abciximab was not superior to the intravenous administration of Eptifibatide in the STEMI patients who underwent primary PCI. PMID:24396362

  20. Season of Birth and School Success in the Early Years of Primary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Verachtert, Pieter; De Fraine, Bieke; Onghena, Patrick; Ghesquiere, Pol

    2010-01-01

    Several studies have reported significant relationships between children's season of birth and measures of their academic success (i.e., the "season of birth effect"). Whereas most of these studies were cross-sectional, the current study uses growth curve modelling to analyse longitudinal data on 3,187 children in Flemish primary education. The…

  1. vol. 155, no. 2 the american naturalist february 2000 Trophic Interactions during Primary Succession: Herbivores

    E-print Network

    Fagan, William

    Succession: Herbivores Slow a Plant Reinvasion at Mount St. Helens William F. Fagan1,2,* and John G. Bishop3 lepidus var. lobbii), the earliest plant colonists of primary successional habitats at Mount St. Helens. In the Mount St. Helens system, decreased rate of lupine reinvasion will result in reductions in rates of soil

  2. PRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Is salinity tolerance the key to success for the invasive water

    E-print Network

    Green, Andy J.

    PRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Is salinity tolerance the key to success for the invasive water bug) that occurs in brackish and saline aquatic systems. Recently, it has been found invading three continents compared both the realized and standardized salinity niche of invasive T. verticalis and native Corixidae

  3. Distinguishing the right coronary artery from the left circumflex coronary artery as the infarct-related artery in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute inferior myocardial infarction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. J. Verouden; K. Barwari; K. T. Koch; J. P. Henriques; J. Baan; Schaaf van der R. J; M. M. Vis; Brink van den R. B; J. J. Piek; J. G. Tijssen; Winter de R. J

    2009-01-01

    Aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of the conventional electrocardiogram (ECG) algorithm [ST-segment elevation (STE) in lead III exceeding that in lead II combined with ST-segment depression in lead I or aVL] for identification of the infarct-related artery (IRA) in a large cohort of patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for inferior wall STE myocardial

  4. Percutaneous cervical nucleoplasty in the treatment of cervical disc herniation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jian Li; Deng-lu Yan; Zai-Heng Zhang

    2008-01-01

    Percutaneous disc decompression procedures have been performed in the past. Various percutaneous techniques such as percutaneous\\u000a discectomy, laser discectomy, and nucleoplasty have been successful. Our prospective study was directly to evaluate the results\\u000a of percutaneous cervical nucleoplasty (PCN) surgery for cervical disc herniation, and illustrate the effectiveness of PCN\\u000a in symptomatic patients who had cervical herniated discs. From July of

  5. Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-lymphocyte ratio combination can predict prognosis in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Çiçek, Gökhan; Aç?kgoz, Sad?k Kadri; Bozbay, Mehmet; Altay, Servet; U?ur, Murat; Uluganyan, Mahmut; Uyarel, Huseyin

    2015-05-01

    We assessed the effect of combination of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in predicting in-hospital and long-term mortality in patients (n = 2518) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). Cutoff values for NLR and PLR were calculated with receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves. If both PLR and NLR were above the threshold, patients were classified as "high risk." If either PLR or NLR was above the threshold individually, patients were classified as "intermediate risk." High-risk (n = 693) and intermediate-risk (n = 545) groups had higher in-hospital and long-term mortality (7.2 4% vs 0.7%, P < .001; 14.1, 9.5% vs 4.5%, P < .001, respectively). Classifying patients into intermediate-risk group (hazards ratio [HR]: 1.492, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.022-2.178, P = .038) and high-risk group (HR: 1.845, 95% CI: 1.313-2.594, P < .001) was an independent predictor of in-hospital and long-term mortality. The combination of PLR and NLR can be useful for the prediction of in-hospital and long-term mortality in patients undergoing pPCI. PMID:24834932

  6. Association Between Contrast Media Volume-Glomerular Filtration Rate Ratio and Contrast-Induced Acute Kidney Injury After Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    PubMed

    Celik, Omer; Ozturk, Derya; Akin, Fatih; Ayca, Burak; Yalc?n, Ahmet Arif; Erturk, Mehmet; B?y?k, Ismail; Ayaz, Ahmet; Akturk, Ibrahim Faruk; Enhos, As?m; Aslan, Serkan

    2015-07-01

    We hypothesized that contrast media volume-estimated glomerular filtration rate (CV-e-GFR) ratio may be a predictor of contrast media-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI). We investigated the associations between CV-e-GFR ratio and CI-AKI in 597 patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). An absolute ?0.3 mg/dL increase in serum creatinine compared with baseline levels within 48 hours after the procedure was considered as CI-AKI; 78 (13.1%) of the 597 patients experienced CI-AKI. The amount of contrast during procedure was higher in the CI-AKI group than in those without CI-AKI (153 vs 135 mL, P = .003). The CV-e-GFR ratio was significantly higher in patients with CI-AKI than without (2.3 vs 1.5, P < .001). In multivariate analysis, independent predictors of CI-AKI were low left ventricular ejection fraction (P = .018, odds ratio [OR] = 0.966), e-GFR <60 mL/min (P = .012, OR = 2.558), and CV-e-GFR >2 (P < .001, OR = 5.917). In conclusion, CV-e-GFR ratio is significantly associated with CI-AKI after pPCI. PMID:25005762

  7. Successful sequential liver and stem cell transplantation for hepatic failure due to primary AL amyloidosis.

    PubMed

    Kumar, K Shiva; Lefkowitch, Jay; Russo, Mark W; Hesdorffer, Charles; Kinkhabwala, Milan; Kapur, Sandip; Emond, Jean C; Brown, Robert S

    2002-06-01

    We report on a patient with primary AL amyloidosis who presented with progressive liver failure secondary to hepatic infiltration in the absence of significant extrahepatic involvement. Orthotopic liver transplantation was performed successfully. After an uneventful postoperative course, the patient developed evidence of significant recurrent amyloidosis requiring treatment. He then underwent stem cell transplantation 10 and 14 months after liver transplantation. After 28 months of follow-up posttransplantation, the patient continues to do well, with no clinical evidence of recurrent disease. This is the first reported patient with primary amyloidosis to undergo sequential liver and stem cell transplantation leading to resolution of the disease and only the second to undergo successful liver transplantation for this disorder. PMID:12055607

  8. CT-guided percutaneous cryoablation of central lung tumors

    PubMed Central

    Colak, Errol; Tatl?, Servet; Shyn, Paul B.; Tuncal?, Kemal; Silverman, Stuart G.

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE Cryoablation has been successfully used to treat lung tumors. However, the safety and effectiveness of treating tumors adjacent to critical structures has not been fully established. We describe our experience with computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous cryoablation of central lung tumors and the role of ice ball monitoring. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eight patients with 11 malignant central lung tumors (nine metastatic, two primary; mean, 2.6 cm; range, 1.0–4.5 cm) located adjacent to mediastinal or hilar structures were treated using CT-guided cryoablation in 10 procedures. Technical success and effectiveness rates were calculated, complications were tabulated and intraprocedural imaging features of ice balls were described. RESULTS All procedures were technically successful; imaging after 24 hours demonstrated no residual tumor. Five tumors recurred, three of which were re-ablated successfully. A hypodense ice ball with well-defined margin was visible during the first (n=6, 55%) or second (n=11, 100%) freeze, encompassing the entire tumor in all patients, and abutting (n=7) or minimally involving (n=4) adjacent mediastinal and hilar structures. Pneumothorax developed following six procedures (60%); percutaneous treatment was applied in three of them. All patients developed pleural effusions, with one patient requiring percutaneous drainage. Transient hemoptysis occurred after six procedures (60%), but all cases improved within a week. No injury occurred to mediastinal or hilar structures. CONCLUSION CT-guided percutaneous cryoablation can be used to treat central lung tumors successfully. Although complications were common, they were self-limited, treatable, and not related to tumor location. Ice ball monitoring helped maximize the amount of tumor treated, while avoiding critical mediastinal and hilar structures. PMID:24808438

  9. Dispersal and establishment both limit colonization during primary succession on a glacier foreland

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chad C. Jones; Roger del Moral

    2009-01-01

    Plant colonization can be limited by lack of seeds or by factors that reduce establishment. The role of seed limitation in\\u000a community assembly is being increasingly recognized, but in early primary succession, establishment failure is still considered\\u000a more important. We studied the factors limiting colonization on the foreland of Coleman Glacier, Washington, USA, to determine\\u000a the importance of seed and

  10. [A case of primary erythromelalgia successfully treated with high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin therapy].

    PubMed

    Kuroda, Takeshi; Sugimoto, Azusa; Ishigaki, Seiichirou; Murakami, Hidetomo; Kawamura, Mitsuru

    2014-02-01

    Erythromelalgia is a rare condition characterized by constant or paroxysmal burning pain, erythema, and the elevation of skin temperature in the extremities. Recently, the impairment of C-fiber function due to autoimmune system involvement is considered as the primary cause of erythromelalgia. However, a successful treatment has yet not been established. We report a case of a 39-year-old woman with primary erythromelalgia accompanied by high cerebrospinal fluid protein concentration and axonal neuropathy. She received various antiepileptic and anti-inflammatory drugs, but failed to improve. She finally underwent high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin therapy, which dramatically improved her symptoms and normalized cerebrospinal fluid protein concentration. This result demonstrates the effectiveness of high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin therapy for the treatment of primary erythromelalgia and the possibility of autoimmune system involvement. PMID:24523317

  11. Percutaneous connectors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Picha, G. J.; Taylor, S. R.

    1981-01-01

    A surface possessing a regular array of micro-pillars was evaluated with regard to its ability to control epithelial downgrowth at the percutaneous interface. A range of pillar sizes were applied to the vertical segment of T shaped Biomer (R) implants. These percutaneous tabs were implanted into the dorsum of cats for a period of 6 weeks using a standardized surgical technique. Comments were made post-operatively and at the time of retrieval. A quantitative scoring system was applied to these observations as well as histological results. As observed, the pillar morphology used displayed the ability to control epithelial downgrowth. Collagen ingrowth into the interpillar spaces and possibly direct interactions of the epithelial cells with the morphology may account for the inhibition. The reproducibility of epithelial inhibition is, however, limited by other factors which are currently not well understood. These factors and potential methods of assessment are discussed.

  12. Comparison of usefulness of left ventricular diastolic versus systolic function as a predictor of outcome following primary percutaneous coronary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction.

    PubMed

    Naqvi, Tasneem Z; Padmanabhan, Sriram; Rafii, Farhad; Hyuhn, Hahn K; Mirocha, James

    2006-01-15

    Left ventricular (LV) diastolic function is an important predictor of morbidity and mortality after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We evaluated the role of diastolic function in predicting in-hospital events and LV ejection fraction (EF) 6 months after a first AMI that was treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We prospectively enrolled 59 consecutive patients who were 60 +/- 15 years of age (48 men), presented at our institution with their first AMI, and were treated with primary PCI. Patients underwent 2-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography, including tissue Doppler imaging of 6 basal mitral annular regions within 24 hours after primary PCI and were followed until discharge. Clinical and echocardiographic variables at index AMI were compared with a combined end point of cardiac death, ventricular tachycardia, congestive heart failure, or emergency in-hospital surgical revascularization. Follow-up echocardiographic assessment was performed at 6 months in 24 patients. During hospitalization, 3 patients died, 7 developed congestive heart failure, 4 had ventricular tachycardia, and 1 required emergency surgical revascularization. Stepwise logistic regression analysis showed the ratio of early mitral inflow diastolic filling wave (E) to peak early diastolic velocity of non-infarct-related mitral annulus (p < 0.01) (E') and mitral inflow E-wave deceleration time (p < 0.02) to be independent predictors of in-hospital cardiac events (generalized R2 = 0.66). In a stepwise multiple linear regression model, independent predictors of follow-up LVEF were mitral inflow deceleration time (R2 = 0.39, p = 0.002), baseline LVEF (R2 = 0.54, p < 0.02), and mitral inflow peak early velocity/mitral annular peak early velocity (or E/E') of infarct annulus (R2 = 0.66, p = 0.02). In conclusion, in patients who are treated with primary PCI for a first AMI, E/E' velocity ratio and mitral inflow E-wave deceleration time are strong predictors of in-hospital cardiac events and of LVEF at 6-month follow-up. PMID:16442355

  13. Percutaneous Aspiration Embolectomy Using Guiding Catheter for the Superior Mesenteric Artery Embolism

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Kyu Sung; Kim, Ji Dae; Min, Sang-Il; Min, Seung-Kee; Jae, Hwan Jun; Chung, Jin Wook

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the technical feasibility and clinical outcome of percutaneous aspiration embolectomy for embolic occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). Materials and Methods Between January 2010 and December 2013, 9 patients with embolic occlusion of the SMA were treated by percutaneous aspiration embolectomy in 2 academic teaching hospitals. The aspiration embolectomy procedure was performed with the 6-Fr and 7-Fr guiding catheter. Thrombolysis was performed with urokinase using a multiple-sidehole infusion catheter. The clinical outcome was investigated retrospectively. Results Superior mesenteric artery occlusion was initially diagnosed by computed tomography (CT) in all patients, and all patients had no obvious evidence of bowel infarction on CT scan. Percutaneous aspiration embolectomy was primarily performed in 6 patients, and thrombolysis was initially performed in 3 patients. In 3 patients who received primary thrombolysis, percutaneous aspiration was undertaken because the emboli were resistant to urokinase. Complete angiographic success was achieved in 6 patients and partial angiographic success was accomplished in 3 patients. One patient underwent bowel resection. One patient died of whole bowel necrosis and sepsis, and 8 patients survived without complications. Conclusion Percutaneous aspiration embolectomy is a useful tool in recanalization of embolic occlusion of the SMA in select patients.

  14. Serial assessment of the index of microcirculatory resistance during primary percutaneous coronary intervention comparing manual aspiration catheter thrombectomy with balloon angioplasty (IMPACT study): a randomised controlled pilot study

    PubMed Central

    Hoole, Stephen P; Jaworski, Catherine; Brown, Adam J; McCormick, Liam M; Agrawal, Bobby; Clarke, Sarah C; West, Nick E J

    2015-01-01

    Objective Utilising a novel study design, we evaluated serial measurements of the index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) to assess the impact of device therapy on microvascular function, and determine what proportion of microvascular injury is related to the PPCI procedure, and what is an inevitable consequence of STEMI. Design 41 patients undergoing PPCI for STEMI were randomised to balloon angioplasty (BA, n=20) or manual thrombectomy (MT, n=21) prior to stenting. Serial IMR measurements, corrected for collaterals, were recorded at baseline and at each stage of the procedure. Microvascular obstruction (MVO) and infarct size at 24?h and 3?months were measured by troponin and cardiac MRI (CMR). Results IMR did not change significantly following PPCI, but patients with lower IMR values (<32, n=30) at baseline had a significant increase in IMR following PPCI (baseline: 21.2±7.9 vs post-stent: 33.0±23.7, p=0.01) attributable to prestent IRA instrumentation (baseline: 21.7±8.0 vs post-BA or MT: 36.9±25.9, p=0.006). Post-stent IMR correlated with early MVO on CMR (p=0.01). There was no significant difference in post-stent IMR, presence of early MVO or final infarct size between patients with BA and patients treated with MT. Conclusions Patients with STEMI and less microcirculatory dysfunction may be susceptible to acute iatrogenic microcirculatory injury from prestent coronary devices. MT did not appear to be superior to BA in maintaining microcirculatory integrity when the guide wire partially restores IRA flow during PPCI. Trial registration number ISRCTN31767278. PMID:26019882

  15. Age and outcomes of primary percutaneous intervention for ST elevation myocardial infarction in a tertiary center—are we there yet?

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Vinoda; Srinivasan, Manivannan; Smith, Dave

    2015-01-01

    Background Primary percutaneous intervention (PPCI) is the treatment of choice for ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) but robust evidence in the very elderly is lacking. We compared PPCI outcomes between different age quartiles (quartile 1 < 60 years, quartile 2 ? 60 to < 70 years, quartile 3 ? 70 to < 80 years, quartile 4 ? 80 years). Methods Retrospective observational analysis of our Morriston Tertiary Cardiac Center (Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Health Board) patients from 2005 to 2010 with STEMI who underwent PPCI. Results Of 434 patients, 57 (13%) were in quartile 4 (? 80 years). In older age quartiles, patients were less likely to receive a drug eluting stent (DES, P = 0.001) or glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor (GPI, P < 0.0001). Increase in age was associated with reduced time to survival (?-coefficient: ?0.192, t: ?3.70, 95%CI: ?4.91 to ?1.50, P < 0.0001) as was the presence of cardiogenic shock (?-coefficient: ?0.194, t = 3.77, 95%CI: ?5.26 to ?1.65, P < 0.0001). Use of GPI was associated with increased time to survival (?-coefficient: 0.138, t = 2.82, 95%CI: 1.58–8.58, P = 0.005) but older age quartiles were less likely to receive GPI (P < 0.0001). In-hospital mortality (1.8% quartile 1, 3.6% quartile 2, 10.9% quartile 3 and 12.3% quartile 4, P = 0.002) and 1-year mortality (5.4% quartile 1, 5.5% quartile 2, 16.8% quartile 3 and 24.6% quartile 4, P < 0.0001, respectively) was significantly higher in older age quartiles. Conclusions Increased short term and intermediate term mortality is seen in the very elderly after PPCI. Age and cardiogenic shock were prognostic factors. Intervention should not be based on age alone and awareness regarding prognostic factors can help improve management. PMID:26089851

  16. Clinical significance of no-reflow phenomenon observed on angiography after successful treatment of acute myocardial infarction with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Itsuro Morishima; Takahito Sone; Shinji Mokuno; Shin Taga; Akemi Shimauchi; Yoshitaka Oki; Junichiro Kondo; Hideyuki Tsuboi; Hiromi Sassa

    1995-01-01

    The clinical significance of the angiographic no-reflow phenomenon was evaluated in 93 patients with acute myocardial infarction treated by percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). On the basis of the post-PTCA angiograms, patients were divided into three groups: normal angiogram (group 1, n=65), slight no-reflow (group 2, n = 13), and severe no-reflow (group 3, n = 15). Regional wall motion

  17. Predictors of success in selective laser trabeculoplasty for primary open angle glaucoma in Chinese

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Jacky WY; Liu, Catherine CL; Chan, Jonathan CH; Wong, Raymond LM; Wong, Ian YH; Lai, Jimmy SM

    2014-01-01

    Purpose To determine the predictors of success for adjuvant selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) in Chinese primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) patients. Methods This prospective study recruited Chinese subjects with unilateral or bilateral POAG currently taking medication to reduce intraocular pressure (IOP). All subjects received a single session of 360° SLT treatment and continued their medications for 1 month. SLT success was defined as IOP reduction ?20% at 1 month. The following covariates were analyzed in both groups via univariate and multivariate analyses: age, sex, lens status, initial IOPs, post-SLT IOPs, number and type of medications, SLT shots and energy, and pre-SLT investigations. Results In 51 eyes of 33 POAG subjects, the success rate of SLT was 47.1%. Certain groups of patients were associated with greater success using univariate analysis. These groups included the following: older age (coefficient =0.1; OR: 1.1; P=0.0003), a higher pre-SLT IOP (coefficient =0.3; OR: 1.3; P=0.0005), using four types of antiglaucoma medication (coefficient =2.1; OR: 8.4; P=0.005), a greater degree of spherical equivalent (coefficient =2.1; OR: 8.4; P=0.005), and the use of a topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitor (coefficient =1.7; OR: 6.0; P=0.003). None of the covariates were significant using multivariate analysis. Conclusion Older age, a higher pretreatment IOP, using multiple antiglaucoma medications especially topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, and higher refractive errors were associated with greater SLT success. PMID:25228796

  18. 15N Content Reflects Development of Mycorrhizae and Nitrogen Dynamics During Primary Succession

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hobbie, E. A.; Jumpponen, A.

    2004-05-01

    Mycorrhizal fungi are ubiquitous symbionts on terrestrial plants that are particularly important for plant nitrogen nutrition. 15N content appears to be a useful marker of the mycorrhizal role in plant nitrogen supply because of an apparent fractionation against 15N during transfer of nitrogen from mycorrhizal fungi to host plants. Because plants developing during primary succession are gradually colonized by mycorrhizal fungi, such situations provide good opportunities to study interactions between mycorrhizal colonization and plant 15N content. Here, we present results of a study of nitrogen isotope patterns in ecosystem components during the first 100 years of ecosystem development after glacial retreat, and compare those patterns with those on adjacent mature terrain. Soils in primary succession were depleted in 15N relative to nitrogen-fixing plants. Nonmycorrhizal plants and plants generally colonized by ectomycorrhizal, ericoid, or arbuscular fungi showed similar 15N content very early in succession (-4 to -6‰ ), corresponding to low colonization levels of all plant species. Subsequent colonization of evergreen plants by ectomycorrhizal and ericoid fungi led to a 5-6‰ decline in 15N content, indicating transfer of 15N-depleted N from fungi to plants. The values recorded (-10 to -14‰ ) are among the lowest yet observed in vascular plants. Nonmycorrhizal plants and plants colonized by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi did not decline in 15N content. Most ectomycorrhizal and saprotrophic fungi were similar in 15N content in early succession (-1 to -3‰ ), with the notable exception of ectomycorrhizal fungi suspected of proteolytic capabilities, which were 15N enriched relative to all other fungi. 15N contents in both plants and soil from the mature site were 5‰ greater than in recently exposed sites. We conclude that 1) the primary nitrogen source to this ecosystem must be atmospheric deposition, 2) low plant 15N content generally corresponds with greater influence of mycorrhizal fungi on plant N supply, and 3) 15N content of mycorrhizal fungi may be a marker of proteolytic capabilities, and may therefore indicate the importance of organic nitrogen cycling to plant nitrogen supply.

  19. Trophic Interactions during Primary Succession: Herbivores Slow a Plant Reinvasion at Mount St. Helens.

    PubMed

    Fagan; Bishop

    2000-02-01

    Lupines (Lupinus lepidus var. lobbii), the earliest plant colonists of primary successional habitats at Mount St. Helens, were expected to strongly affect successional trajectories through facilitative effects. However, their effects remain localized because initially high rates of reinvasive spread were short lived, despite widespread habitat availability. We experimentally tested whether insect herbivores, by reducing plant growth and fecundity at the edge of the expanding lupine population, could curtail the rate of reinvasion and whether those herbivores had comparable impacts in the older, more successionally advanced core region. We found that removing insect herbivores increased both the areal growth of individual lupine plants and the production of new plants in the edge region, thereby accelerating the lupine's intrinsic rate of increase at the front of the lupine reinvasion. We found no such impacts of herbivory in the core region, where low plant quality or a complex of recently arrived natural enemies may hold herbivores in check. In the context of invasion theory, herbivore-mediated decreases in lupine population growth rate in the edge region translate into decreased rates of lupine spread, which we quantify here using diffusion models. In the Mount St. Helens system, decreased rate of lupine reinvasion will result in reductions in rates of soil formation, nitrogen input, and entrapment of seeds and detritus that are likely to postpone or alter trajectories of primary succession. If the type of spatial subtleties in herbivore effects we found here are common, with herbivory focused on the edge of an expanding plant population and suppressed or ineffective in the larger, denser central region (where the plants might be more readily noticed and studied), then insect herbivores may have stronger impacts on the dynamics of primary succession and plant invasions than previously recognized. PMID:10686163

  20. Successful treatment of fetal bilateral primary chylothorax--report of the two cases.

    PubMed

    Nowakowska, Dorota; Gaj, Zuzanna; Grzesiak, Mariusz; Gulczy?ska, Ewa; Wilczy?ski, Jan

    2014-09-01

    Primary fetal chylothorax is an uncommon complication, associated with high perinatal morbidity and mortality. In our report, we describe two cases of fetal bilateral primary chylothorax successfully treated with pleuro-amniotic shunting. In both cases, ultrasound scans showed bilateral, hypoechoic fluid in the pleural space without any associated structural malformations and features of infection and aneuploidy Laboratory analysis of pleural fluids revealed 79% and 92% of lymphocytes, respectively confirming chylothorax in both fetuses. In the first case, pleuro-amniotic shunts were successfully inserted at 31 weeks and 6 days of gestation. Ultrasound scan after two weeks showed expansion of the left lung and lack of fluid in both pleural cavities. At 39 weeks of gestation, a 2660 g baby boy was delivered by cesarean section (Apgar score: 9). The child did not require surgical intervention and was discharged home on day 16 of life. In the second case, the insertion of shunts (at 24 weeks and 6 days of gestation) also significantly reduced the amount of the fluid in the pleural cavities, but one shunt had to be surgically removed after birth. At 30 weeks and 2 days of gestation, a cesarean section was performed due to maternal cholestasis. A female weighing 1400 g was delivered (Apgar score: 7). The chest X-ray revealed only a small amount of fluid in the left pleural cavity The infant was discharged on postnatal day 26, in good condition and with body weight of 2150 g. Pleuro-amniotic shunt insertion is a method of choice in the treatment of confirmed primary fetal chylothorax. PMID:25322545

  1. Bryophyte-cyanobacteria associations during primary succession in recently Deglaciated areas of Tierra del Fuego (Chile).

    PubMed

    Arróniz-Crespo, María; Pérez-Ortega, Sergio; De Los Ríos, Asunción; Green, T G Allan; Ochoa-Hueso, Raúl; Casermeiro, Miguel Ángel; de la Cruz, María Teresa; Pintado, Ana; Palacios, David; Rozzi, Ricardo; Tysklind, Niklas; Sancho, Leopoldo G

    2014-01-01

    Bryophyte establishment represents a positive feedback process that enhances soil development in newly exposed terrain. Further, biological nitrogen (N) fixation by cyanobacteria in association with mosses can be an important supply of N to terrestrial ecosystems, however the role of these associations during post-glacial primary succession is not yet fully understood. Here, we analyzed chronosequences in front of two receding glaciers with contrasting climatic conditions (wetter vs drier) at Cordillera Darwin (Tierra del Fuego) and found that most mosses had the capacity to support an epiphytic flora of cyanobacteria and exhibited high rates of N2 fixation. Pioneer moss-cyanobacteria associations showed the highest N2 fixation rates (4.60 and 4.96 µg N g-1 bryo. d-1) very early after glacier retreat (4 and 7 years) which may help accelerate soil development under wetter conditions. In drier climate, N2 fixation on bryophyte-cyanobacteria associations was also high (0.94 and 1.42 µg N g-1 bryo. d-1) but peaked at intermediate-aged sites (26 and 66 years). N2 fixation capacity on bryophytes was primarily driven by epiphytic cyanobacteria abundance rather than community composition. Most liverworts showed low colonization and N2 fixation rates, and mosses did not exhibit consistent differences across life forms and habitat (saxicolous vs terricolous). We also found a clear relationship between cyanobacteria genera and the stages of ecological succession, but no relationship was found with host species identity. Glacier forelands in Tierra del Fuego show fast rates of soil transformation which imply large quantities of N inputs. Our results highlight the potential contribution of bryophyte-cyanobacteria associations to N accumulation during post-glacial primary succession and further describe the factors that drive N2-fixation rates in post-glacial areas with very low N deposition. PMID:24819926

  2. Successful Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Drainage of Multiple Splenic Abscesses in a Kidney Transplant Patient With Encapsulated Sclerosing Peritonitis: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Tu?cu, M; Ruhi, Ç; Boynue?ri, B; Kasapo?lu, U; Can, Ö; Kiliço?lu, G; ?ahin, G; Titiz, M

    2015-06-01

    Differential diagnosis of post-transplant infections should include rare/uncommon foci and pathogens. We present a rare case of life-threatening infection, a splenic abscess in a 53-year-old woman who was transplanted with a cadaveric kidney 5 months previously. The patient was admitted to our clinic with chills, shivering, and fever. She required a kidney transplant because of end-stage renal disease secondary to systemic lupus erythematosus, which had previously been treated by means of peritoneal dialysis for 7 years, until encapsulated sclerosing peritonitis developed, at which time therapy was changed to hemodialysis for 1 year. On physical examination, the patient was slightly lethargic and had tenderness in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen. Laboratory evaluation revealed leukocytosis and high acute phase reactant. Abdominal ultrasonography (US) revealed multiple abscesses in the spleen, but splenectomy was not recommended because of her history of sclerosing peritonitis. Percutaneous drainage catheters were placed under US guidance. Culture of blood and fluid drained from the abscess revealed imipenem-sensitive Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. Imipenem (500 mg IV q6hr) was initiated, and the drainage volume was 40 to 50 mL/day in the first week and gradually decreased through the third week. The abscess was completely drained over a period of 6 weeks, as confirmed by computed tomography; percutaneous catheters were then removed. Although splenic abscesses are life-threatening, especially for immunocompromised patients, this case suggests that percutaneous drainage guided by US or computed tomography is an efficient treatment alternative to splenectomy. PMID:26093760

  3. Successful treatment of a musculoskeletal tumor society grade 3 aneurysmal bone cyst with N-butyl cyanoacrylate embolization and percutaneous cryoablation.

    PubMed

    Griauzde, Julius; Gemmete, Joseph J; Farley, Frances

    2015-06-01

    This report presents a 13-year-old girl with an aggressive skeletal lesion involving the posterior elements of the cervicothoracic junction. The lesion was determined to be a Musculoskeletal Tumor Society grade 3 aneurysmal bone cyst based on imaging and pathologic findings. The cyst was treated with endovascular n-butyl cyanoacrylate embolization and percutaneous cryoablation with sensory and motor-evoked potential monitoring. Follow-up imaging at 16 months demonstrated significant reduction in the size of the lesion, with no evidence of recurrence. PMID:26003456

  4. Is the difference in outcome between men and women treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention age dependent? Gender difference in STEMI stratified on age

    PubMed Central

    Maas, Angela HEM; Ottervanger, Jan Paul; Kloosterman, Anita; van ’t Hof, Arnoud WJ; Dambrink, Jan Henk E; Gosselink, AT Marcel; Hoorntje, Jan CA; Suryapranata, Harry; de Boer, Menko Jan

    2013-01-01

    Aim: Poorer outcomes in women with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are often attributed to gender differences in baseline characteristics. However, these may be age dependent. We examined the importance of gender in separate age groups of patients with STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). Methods and results: Data of 6746 consecutive patients with STEMI admitted for PPCI between 1998 and 2008 in our hospital were evaluated. Age was stratified into two groups, <65 years (young group) and ?65 years (elderly). Endpoints were enzymic infarct size as well as 30-day and 1 year mortality. We studied a total of 4991 (74.0%) men and 1755 (26.0%) women; 40% of women were <65 years and 60% of men were <65 years of age. In the elderly group (?65 years), women had more frequently diabetes and hypertension while they smoked less frequently than men. Younger women smoked more often than similarly aged men and had more hypertension. At angiography, single-vessel disease and TIMI 3 flow before PPCI was more present in younger women than men, whereas these differences were not found in the older age group. Patient delay before admission was shorter in men at all ages, while women had lower creatine kinase levels. Younger women had a higher mortality after 30 days (HR 2.1, 95% CI 1.3?3.4) and at 1 year (HR 1.7, 95% CI 1.2?2.6), whereas in the older age group women mortality rates were higher at 30 days (HR 1.5, 95% CI 1.1?2.0) but not at 1 year (HR 1.2, 95% CI 0.9?1.5). After multivariate analysis, 1-year mortality remained significantly higher in women at younger age (HR 1.7, 95% CI 1.1?2.5). Patient delay before admission was shorter in men in both age groups. Creatine kinase levels were in both age groups higher in men. Conclusions: Differences in mortality between men and women with STEMI treated with PPCI are age dependent. Although young women have less obstructive coronary artery disease and more often TIMI 3 flow before PCI (suggesting a lower risk), survival was worse compared to similarly aged men. Women had a longer patient delay compared to men, but this was not related to gender-specific mortality. PMID:24338292

  5. A Study on the Playing of Computer Games, Class Success and Attitudes of Parents to Primary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pepe, Kadir

    2011-01-01

    This study is a descriptive study based on the screening model, and was conducted in order to inquire the effect of games and the relation between gender and class success variables and game preferences in primary school students. The universe of the study was the primary schools in city center in Province of Burdur and the sample group of the…

  6. Ectomycorrhizal ecology under primary succession on coastal sand dunes: interactions involving Pinus contorta, suilloid fungi and deer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sara Ashkannejhad; Thomas R. Horton

    2006-01-01

    Summary • Ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF) are critical for pine establishment under primary succession. The species of EMF supporting primary successional pine seedlings on coastal sand dunes and mechanisms for their establishment were investigated. • Fungi were identified from ectomycorrhizal roots using molecular techniques. Field seedlings were collected from forested and nonforested zones. Laboratory seedlings were grown in soils collected from

  7. -Limits to convergence of vegetation during early primary succession -479 Journal of Vegetation Science 18: 479-488, 2007

    E-print Network

    del Moral, Roger

    to similar composition over time? Location: A ridge between 1218 and 1468 m on Mount St. Helens, Washington proximity. Keywords:Ecoinformatics;Long-termpermanentplot;Mount St. Helens; Primary succession; Succession The cataclysmic 18 May 1980 lateral eruption of Mount St. Helens,Washington provided a unique chance to explore

  8. Public and Private School Distinction, Regional Development Differences, and Other Factors Influencing the Success of Primary School Students in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sulku, Seher Nur; Abdioglu, Zehra

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates the factors influencing the success of students in primary schools in Turkey. TIMSS 2011 data for Turkey, measuring the success of eighth-grade students in the field of mathematics, were used in an econometric analysis, performed using classical linear regression models. Two hundred thirty-nine schools participated in the…

  9. The development of mire vegetation and water table in primary succession

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miettinen, Antti; Väliranta, Minna; Tuittila, Eeva-Stiina

    2010-05-01

    Mires are globally important carbon storage and an essential element of northern nature. They are associated with high watertable levels and accumulation of peat. During the mire primary succession, the plant community changes from the early sedge and shore plant dominated communities towards the Sphagnum moss dominated bog communities. Different successional stages of aapamires can be found in the land uplift area in the Finnish coast of the Gulf of Bothnia . From this landscape (64°45´N, 24°42´E) we selected a set of undisturbed mires varying in their terrestrial age to form a successional transect from the early stages near the coast to the more ombrothrophic stages in the inlands. We collected macrofossil and modern vegetation data from the transect to compare the preceding communities to the communities found today in the transect. The comparison will be made using multivariate analysis methods. The water table and vegetation of the mire transect will be calibrated with the paleodata to get data of the past levels of water table. The questions we wanted to examine were: Can the successional stages in the mire transect be found in the macrofossil data? How has the water table changed during the succession? Are the changes in plant communities and water table rapid or do they evolve gradually? Is there a trend in the mire succession that can be seen in both the hollow and hummock surfaces of the mire. The preliminary results of the study indicate that the fen-bog transition seems to be very rapid at least in the older parts of the transect. Before the transition there was a clear peak in Eriophorum vaginatum abundance.

  10. [A case of ascariasis in the gallbladder successfully treated with an anthelmintic injection into the gallbladder via a percutaneous transhepatic catheter].

    PubMed

    Ikuta, Syuzo; Mizuguchi, Yasuhiro; Tsuji, Yuichiro; Tsukamoto, Sakiko; Oba, Nobuyuki; Nishinakagawa, Syuta; Kojima, Tatsuya

    2010-05-01

    A man in his 40s who had made frequent visits abroad was admitted to our hospital complaining of epigastric pain. Ultrasonography (US) revealed an "inner tube sign" in the gallbladder, which suggested a diagnosis of ascariasis in the gallbladder. Pyrantel pamoate was directly injected into the gallbladder via a percutaneous transhepatic catheter. The worm was dead 10 minutes after the injection. US revealed reduction of the worm's length and then the disappearance of the worm from the gallbladder at both 13 days and 2 months after the injection. This method is less invasive than operation and therefore is possibly more safe. It is known that the number of cases of ascariasis may increase in Japan due to increased organic vegetable consumption and foreign travel. We need to consider this disease in the differential diagnosis of epigastric pain. PMID:20460851

  11. [A case of hepatocellular carcinoma rapidly progressing after percutaneous radiofrequency ablation successfully treated with low-dose 5-FU and CDDP].

    PubMed

    Yata, Yutaka; Nakayama, Yasuhiro; Hirano, Katsuharu; Tokimitsu, Yoshiharu; Kudo, Hiroshi; Kawai, Kengo; Kajiura, Shinya; Yasumura, Satoshi; Minemura, Masami; Takahara, Terumi; Sugiyama, Toshiro

    2009-02-01

    A 65-year-old Japanese man was admitted to our hospital for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with alcoholic liver cirrhosis. He had been treated by transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in another hospital before this admission. In our hospital, percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (PRFA) to HCC (2.5 cm diameter) in hepatic S8 was done, and the tumor was ablated completely with the treated margin. After 8 months of the PRFA procedure, abdominal CT revealed diffused-type HCC located in contact with the post RFA area and was diagnosed as a local recurrence of HCC. He was then treated with hepatic arterial infused chemotherapy, low-dose 5-FU and CDDP (FP); one course consisted of (5-FU 250 mg/day + CDDP 10 mg/day) x 5 days/w x 4 wks using a port-infusion system. He was treated with 3 courses of low-dose FP, and the diffuse-type HCC was completely diminished. No recurrence was seen 22 months after chemotherapy. Although rapidly progressing recurrent HCC after PRFA is potentially fatal and useful treatments have only rarely been reported, hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy including low-dose FP should be considered a possible treatment. PMID:19223752

  12. Percutaneous fetal cystoscopy and endoscopic fulguration of posterior urethral valves

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rubén A. Quintero; Roderick Hume; Craig Msith; Mark P. Johnson; David B. Cotton; Roberto Romero; Mark I. Evans

    1995-01-01

    Percutaneous fetal cystoscopy was performed in a male fetus with ultrasonographic evidence of lower urinary tract obstruction at 19 weeks of gestation. The diagnosis of posterior urethral valves was confirmed. Percutaneous endoscopic fulguration of the valves was successfully performed at 22 weeks of gestation, and urethral patency was established. This case illustrates the feasibility of performing diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopic

  13. Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty of Peripheral Bypass Stenoses

    SciTech Connect

    Hoksbergen, Arjan W.J.; Legemate, Dink A. [Department of Vascular Surgery, G1-244, Academic Medical Center, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam (Netherlands); Reekers, Jim A. [Department of Radiology, Academic Medical Center, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam (Netherlands); Ubbink, Dirk T.; Jacobs, Michael J.H.M. [Department of Vascular Surgery, G1-244, Academic Medical Center, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    1999-07-15

    Purpose: To assess the success of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in treating peripheral bypass stenoses. Methods: Patients who received a femoropopliteal or femorocrural bypass graft for limb ischemia were included in a duplex surveillance program. If duplex ultrasound revealed a short (<2 cm) severe (peak systolic velocity ratio {>=} 4.5) stenosis, patients were scheduled for arteriography and PTA. Fifty-eight peripheral bypass stenoses in 39 grafts in 37 patients were treated with PTA. The cumulative primary patency of treated stenoses was calculated. Results: During the first year after PTA 31 (53%) treated lesions remained patent, 15 (26%) lesions restenosed at a median interval of 5.0 (range 1-12) months and 4 (7%) bypasses occluded. The cumulative primary patency of 58 treated graft stenoses at 1 year was 60% [95% confidence interval (CI) 46%-74%] and 55% (95% CI 41%-70%) at 2 years. Graft body stenoses showed a better 2-year cumulative primary patency (86%; 95% CI 68%-100%) compared with juxta-anastomotic lesions (45%; 95% CI 29%-62%; p < 0.05). Conclusion: PTA is justifiable as the initial treatment of peripheral bypass stenoses. Nevertheless, the restenosis rate is rather high, especially in juxta-anastomotic lesions. Continuation of duplex surveillance after PTA and timely reintervention is recommended.

  14. Percutaneous Cyanoacrylate Glue Injection into the Renal Pseudoaneurysm to Control Intractable Hematuria After Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

    SciTech Connect

    Lal, Anupam, E-mail: dralal@rediffmail.com; Kumar, Ajay; Prakash, Mahesh; Singhal, Manphool [Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging (India); Agarwal, Mayank Mohan; Sarkar, Debansu [Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Department of Urology (India); Khandelwal, Niranjan [Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging (India)

    2009-07-15

    We report a case of a 43-year-old man who developed intractable hematuria after percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Angiography detected a pseudoaneurysm arising from the lower polar artery; however, embolization could not be performed because of unfavorable vascular anatomy. A percutaneous thrombin injection under ultrasound guidance initially controlled the bleeding, but hematuria subsequently recurred as a result of recanalization of the aneurysm. The case was successfully managed with ultrasound- and fluoroscopic-guided direct injection of cyanoacrylate glue into the pseudoaneurysm.

  15. Effect of 5E Instructional Model in Student Success in Primary School 6th Year Circulatory System Topic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cardak, Osman; Dikmenli, Musa; Saritas, Ozge

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study is to research the effect of the 5E instructional model on primary (sixth grade) student success during the circulatory system unit. This study was conducted with 38 students in two different classes by the same researcher in 2006-2007. One of the classes was assigned as the control group and the other as the experimental…

  16. Percutaneous Dilatational Tracheostomy

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    For decades, the standard technique for tracheostomy was the open, surgical technique. However, during the past 20 years, the use of percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy has been increased and shown to be a feasible and safe procedure in critically ill patients. The purpose of this report is to review the percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy technique, describe the role of bronchoscopy as guidance for the procedure, and identify the available evidences comparing percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy to surgical tracheostomy. PMID:23227066

  17. Incidence and Treatment of Elastic Recoil Occurring in the 15 Minutes Following Successful Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty * * This study was supported by a Training in Cardiovascular Research Grant, NIH 5-T32 HL07360-17, a Texas Affiliate Grant-In-Aid from the American Heart Association, NIH Grant R01HL53225-01 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH Ischemic SCOR Grant HL17669, and the Harry S. Moss Heart Fund

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William C. Daniel; Mark J. Pirwitz; John E. Willard; Richard A. Lange; L. David Hillis; Charles Landau

    1996-01-01

    This study was performed (1) to assess the incidence and magnitude of elastic recoil occurring within 15 minutes of successful coronary angioplasty, and (2) to determine the effect of subsequent additional balloon inflations on coronary luminal diameter in patients displaying substantial recoil. The coronary angiograms of 50 consecutive patients who underwent a successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty were analyzed using

  18. Successful surgical treatment of a primary liver gastrinoma during pregnancy: a case report.

    PubMed

    Delgado, Jorge; Delgado, Bertha; Sperber, Ami D; Fich, Alex

    2004-11-01

    Primary neuroendocrine tumors of the liver, particularly gastrinomas, are exceptionally rare. We present a case of a sporadic primary liver gastrinoma in a young woman in whom the definitive diagnosis was reached, and surgical therapy was performed during pregnancy. PMID:15547548

  19. The Impact of SYNTAX Score of Non-Infarct-Related Artery on Long- Term Outcome among Patients with Acute ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Su, Min-I; Tsai, Cheng-Ting; Yeh, Hung-I; Chen, Chun-Yen

    2014-01-01

    Objective We investigated the impact of the severity of stenosis in a non-infarct-related artery (IRA) on the long-term prognosis of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods Three hundred one consecutive patients (age: 59.7 ± 13.2 years, 85.5% men) underwent primary PCI during 2009–2012. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis found the optimal cutoff for non-IRA SYNTAX score (SS) to be 2.5. We divided the patients into two groups according to this cutoff value. Results By multivariable analysis, non-IRA SS (?2.5) was an independent predictor of major adverse cardiac events (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.15, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.21–3.79, P ?=? 0.008) and all-cause mortality (HR: 3.49, 95% CI: 1.13–10.8, P ?=? 0.03). However, the prediction of cardiovascular mortality had only borderline significance (HR: 3.29, 95% CI: 0.90–12.08, P ?=? 0.07). Conclusion STEMI patients treated with primary PCI and moderate to severe non-IRA stenosis (SS ?2.5) have more subsequent cardiac events. Those populations should be treated with more aggressive preventive and medical management. PMID:25303079

  20. Clinical and angiographic outcomes in patients with previous coronary artery bypass graft surgery treated with primary balloon angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gregg W. Stone; Bruce R. Brodie; John J. Griffin; Lorelei Grines; Judith Boura; William W. O’Neill; Cindy L. Grines

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVESWe sought to characterize the presenting characteristics of patients with previous coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and to determine the angiographic success rate and clinical outcomes of a primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) strategy.BACKGROUNDPatients who have had previous CABG and AMI comprise a high risk group with decreased reperfusion success and increased mortality

  1. The significance of persistent ST elevation versus early resolution of ST segment elevation after primary PTCA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shlomi Matetzky; Maxim Novikov; Luis Gruberg; Dov Freimark; Micha Feinberg; Dan Elian; Ilya Novikov; Elio Di Segni; Oren Agranat; Yedael Har-Zahav; Babeth Rabinowitz; Elieser Kaplinsky; Hanoch Hod

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVESTo determine the prevalence and clinical significance of early ST segment elevation resolution after primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for acute myocardial infarction (AMI).BACKGROUNDDespite angiographically successful restoration of coronary flow early during AMI, adequate myocardial reperfusion might not occur in a substantial portion of the jeopardized myocardium due to microvascular damage. This phenomenon comprises the potentially beneficial effect of

  2. Interaction of plant and earthworm during primary succession in heaps after coal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roubí?ková, Alena; Frouz, Jan

    2015-04-01

    These results of field manipulation experiment show that earthworms can remarkably influence vegetation succession on spoil heaps, namely promoting grasses and late succession species. This is in agreement with concurrent appearance of earthworms and some plant species typical for late-succession communities of meadows and forests aren't purely coincidental. On the other hand, facilitation of soil conditions by plant communities during succession is an important factor in earthworm distribution on the spoil heaps; earthworms showed a low survival on sites with sparse vegetation cover and thin litter layer, which means that their occurrence in certain stages of succession isn't determined only by migration abilities or passive dispersal. More field experiments are needed to test if earthworms could be used in directed succession management practices to speed up the natural rate of succession. Preliminary results from an experiment with introduction earthworms to a 20- year old, earthworm-free site indicate that colonization of this site from a single deposition of about 100 specimen of epigeic and 100 endogeic earthworms is slow and not very efficient. Results show that interaction between earthworm and vegetation are important in ecosystem development in post mining sites.

  3. Percutaneous Nephrostomy: Technical Aspects and Indications

    PubMed Central

    Dagli, Mandeep; Ramchandani, Parvati

    2011-01-01

    First described in 1955 by Goodwin et al as a minimally invasive treatment for urinary obstruction causing marked hydronephrosis, percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) placement quickly found use in a wide variety of clinical indications in both dilated and nondilated systems. Although the advancement of modern endourological techniques has led to a decline in the indications for primary nephrostomy placement, PCNs still play an important role in the treatment of multiple urologic conditions. In this article, the indications, placement, and postprocedure management of percutaneous nephrostomy drainage are described. PMID:23204641

  4. Percutaneous treatment of coronary subclavian steal syndrome.

    PubMed

    Mulvihill, Niall T; Loutfi, Mohamed; Salengro, Emmanuel; Boccalatte, Marco; Laborde, Jean-Claude; Fajadet, Jean; Marco, Jean

    2003-07-01

    Coronary subclavian steal syndrome arises when a stenosis of the subclavian artery results in reduced antegrade or retrograde flow in an internal mammary artery with resultant coronary ischemia. This occurs in patients who have previously undergone surgical coronary revascularization utilizing an internal mammary artery graft. This syndrome can be successfully treated percutaneously with excellent immediate and long-term results. PMID:12840236

  5. CASTANEA 69(3): 000000. SEPTEMBER 2004 Primary Succession in a Created Freshwater Wetland

    E-print Network

    Newman, Michael C.

    the amount of soil removal and the viability of the pre-existing seed bank (Mitsch and Gosselink 2000 in the context of existing wetland succession models (van der Valk 1981, Mitsch and Gosselink 2000). * Current

  6. Long-term changes in soil microbial communities during primary succession

    E-print Network

    Cutler, Nick A.; Chaput, Dominique L.; van der Gast, Christopher J.

    2013-12-06

    succession has been observed before: Osana and Trofymow (2012), for 518 example, reported succession in saprotrophic fungi living in moss, but this process has not, 519 to our knowledge, been observed on a timescale of centuries. 520 521 20... mycorrhizal associations over time (Bardgett et al., 2005). Jumpponen (2003) hypothesised 530 that early successional communities would be dominated by saprotrophic Ascomycetes and 531 Basidiomycetes, whereas fungal communities on older substrates would...

  7. Impact of iso-osmolar versus low-osmolar contrast agents on contrast-induced nephropathy and tissue reperfusion in unselected patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (from the Contrast Media and Nephrotoxicity Following Primary Angioplasty for Acute Myocardial Infarction [CONTRAST-AMI] Trial).

    PubMed

    Bolognese, Leonardo; Falsini, Giovanni; Schwenke, Carsten; Grotti, Simone; Limbruno, Ugo; Liistro, Francesco; Carrera, Arcangelo; Angioli, Paolo; Picchi, Andrea; Ducci, Kenneth; Pierli, Carlo

    2012-01-01

    Conflicting data have been reported on the effects of low-osmolar and iso-osmolar contrast media on contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI). In particular, no clinical trial has yet focused on the effect of contemporary contrast media on CI-AKI, epicardial flow, and microcirculatory function in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction who undergo primary percutaneous coronary intervention. The Contrast Media and Nephrotoxicity Following Coronary Revascularization by Angioplasty for Acute Myocardial Infarction (CONTRAST-AMI) trial is a prospective, randomized, single-blind, parallel-group, noninferiority study aiming to evaluate the effects of the low-osmolar contrast medium iopromide compared to the iso-osmolar agent iodixanol on CI-AKI and tissue-level perfusion in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction. Four hundred seventy-five consecutive, unselected patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention were randomized to iopromide (n = 239) or iodixanol (n = 236). All patients received high-dose N-acetylcysteine and hydration. The primary end point was the proportion of patients with serum creatinine (sCr) increases ?25% from baseline to 72 hours. Secondary end points were Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) myocardial perfusion grade, increase in sCr ?50%, increase in sCr ?0.5 or ?1 mg/dl, and 1-month major adverse cardiac events. The primary end point occurred in 10% of the iopromide group and in 13% of the iodixanol group (95% confidence interval -9% to 3%, p for noninferiority = 0.0002). A TIMI myocardial perfusion grade of 0 or 1 was present in 14% of patients in the 2 groups. No differences between the 2 groups were found in any of the secondary analyses of sCr increase. No significant difference in 1-month major adverse cardiac events was found (8% vs 6%, p = 0.37). In conclusion, in a population of unselected patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention, iopromide was not inferior to iodixanol in the occurrence of CI-AKI; no significant differences were found in terms of tissue-level reperfusion and major adverse cardiac events between the 2 contrast agents. PMID:21943940

  8. Primary bone marrow B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma successfully treated with R-CHOP.

    PubMed

    Qian, Liren; Zhang, Zhi; Shen, Jianliang; Liu, Yi

    2013-01-01

    Primary isolated bone marrow disease as a presenting feature of lymphoma is very rare. We describe the case of a Chinese with isolated bone marrow small B-cell lymphoma as a first manifestation. A 55-year old woman was admitted to our hospital with fever. Her peripheral blood smear and laboratory findings were suggestive of bicytopenia. Bone marrow specimen showed diffusely distributed small-sized lymphocytes. Combined with immunophenotypic and chromosomal analysis, a diagnosis of primary bone marrow B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was made. The patient was treated with R-CHOP (rituximab and cyclophosphamide, epirubicin, vindesine, and prednisone) regimen for six cycles. She had complete remission and is still alive without relapse. We concluded that primary bone marrow mature small B-cell lymphoma is a rare but distinctive subtype of lymphoma. The prognosis for this entity is poor but rituximab-based treatment is promising for improving its outcomes. PMID:24171336

  9. Successful treatment of quintuple primary cancer, including esophageal cancer: A case report

    PubMed Central

    OTOWA, YASUNORI; NAKAMURA, TETSU; TAKIGUCHI, GOSUKE; URAKAWA, NAOKI; ISHIDA, RYO; IMANISHI, TATSUYA; SUZUKI, SATOSHI; TANAKA, KENICHI; KURODA, DAISUKE; KAKEJI, YOSHIHIRO

    2015-01-01

    The present study reports the rare case of a patient with quintuple primary cancer that underwent systematic treatment, including surgical intervention. A 63-year-old male patient was initially diagnosed with primary esophageal cancer and hypopharyngeal cancer. The patient underwent total pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy using a thoracoscopic method and reconstruction using the free jejunal flap and gastric tube and was subsequently administered adjuvant chemotherapy (80 mg/m2 intravenously on day 1, cisplatin; 800 mg/m2 continuous intravenous administration on days 1–5, 5-fluorouracil). At 66 years old, the patient was diagnosed with left maxillary sinus cancer and underwent chemoradiotherapy (four 100 mg/m2 arterial cisplatin injections; 70 Gy/35 f radiotherapy, 2 Gy per day over 35 days). At 68 years old, the patient was diagnosed with gastric tube cancer and underwent gastric tube resection followed by pedicled jejunum flap reconstruction. At 69 years old, the patient was diagnosed with tongue cancer and underwent resection and reconstruction of the tongue by pectoralis major myocutaneous flap. Six years subsequent to the primary surgery, the patient remains alive, without metastasis of the lesions. To the best of our knowledge, the present study is the first report of a patient that underwent a curative procedure for the treatment of five primary multiple cancers in five organs, including esophageal cancer. PMID:26137110

  10. Trophic Interactions during Primary Succession: Herbivores Slow a Plant Reinvasion at Mount St. Helens

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William F. Fagan; John G. Bishop

    2000-01-01

    Lupines (Lupinus lepidus var. lobbii), the earliest plant colonists of primary successional habitats at Mount St. Helens, were expected to strongly affect successional trajectories through facili- tative effects. However, their effects remain localized because initially high rates of reinvasive spread were short lived, despite widespread habitat availability. We experimentally tested whether insect herbi- vores, by reducing plant growth and fecundity

  11. Percutaneous Necrosectomy and Sinus Tract Endoscopy in the Management of Infected Pancreatic Necrosis: An Initial Experience

    PubMed Central

    Carter, C. Ross; McKay, Colin J.; Imrie, Clement W.

    2000-01-01

    Objective To describe the development of a minimally invasive technique aimed at surgical debridement in addition to simple drainage of the abscess cavity. Summary Background Data Surgical intervention for secondary infection of pancreatic necrosis is associated with a death rate of 25% to 40%. Although percutaneous approaches may drain the abscess, they have often failed in the long term as a result of inability to remove the necrotic material adequately. Methods Fourteen consecutive patients with infected necrosis secondary to acute pancreatitis were studied. The initial four patients underwent sinus tract endoscopy along a drainage tract for secondary sepsis after prior open necrosectomy. This technique was then modified to allow primary debridement for proven sepsis to be carried out percutaneously in a further 10 patients. The techniques and initial results are described. Results Additional surgery for sepsis was successfully avoided in the initial four patients managed by sinus tract endoscopy, and none died. Of the following 10 patients managed by percutaneous necrosectomy, 2 died. The median inpatient stay was 42 days. There was one conversion for intraoperative bleeding. Eight patients recovered and were discharged from the hospital after a median of three percutaneous explorations. Only 40% of patients required intensive care management after surgery. Conclusions These initial results in an unselected group of patients are encouraging and show that unlike with percutaneous or endoscopic techniques, both resolution of sepsis and adequate necrosectomy can be achieved. The authors’ initial impression of a reduction in postoperative organ dysfunction is particularly interesting; however, the technique requires further evaluation in a larger prospective series. PMID:10903593

  12. LUPINE EFFECTS ON SOIL QUALITY AND FUNCTION DURING PRIMARY SUCCESSION AT MOUNT ST. HELENS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Lupines, early legume colonists of Mount St. Helens pyroclastic flows, are important mediators of above and belowground succession because they are sources of C and N that impact soil genesis, establishment of other plant species and soil microbial communities. Rates of N2 fixation by lupines can va...

  13. Gopher mounds decrease nutrient cycling rates and increase adjacent vegetation in volcanic primary succession.

    PubMed

    Yurkewycz, Raymond P; Bishop, John G; Crisafulli, Charles M; Harrison, John A; Gill, Richard A

    2014-12-01

    Fossorial mammals may affect nutrient dynamics and vegetation in recently initiated primary successional ecosystems differently than in more developed systems because of strong C and N limitation to primary productivity and microbial communities. We investigated northern pocket gopher (Thomomys talpoides) effects on soil nutrient dynamics, soil physical properties, and plant communities on surfaces created by Mount St. Helens' 1980 eruption. For comparison to later successional systems, we summarized published studies on gopher effects on soil C and N and plant communities. In 2010, 18 years after gopher colonization, we found that gophers were active in ~2.5% of the study area and formed ~328 mounds ha(-1). Mounds exhibited decreased species density compared to undisturbed areas, while plant abundance on mound margins increased 77%. Plant burial increased total soil carbon (TC) by 13% and nitrogen (TN) by 11%, compared to undisturbed soils. Mound crusts decreased water infiltration, likely explaining the lack of detectable increases in rates of NO3-N, NH4-N or PO4-P leaching out of the rooting zone or in CO2 flux rates. We concluded that plant burial and reduced infiltration on gopher mounds may accelerate soil carbon accumulation, facilitate vegetation development at mound edges through resource concentration and competitive release, and increase small-scale heterogeneity of soils and communities across substantial sections of the primary successional landscape. Our review indicated that increases in TC, TN and plant density at mound margins contrasted with later successional systems, likely due to differences in physical effects and microbial resources between primary successional and older systems. PMID:25260998

  14. Early Primary Succession on Mount St. Helens: Impact of Insect Herbivores on Colonizing Lupines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John G. Bishop

    2002-01-01

    Lupinus lepidusvar. lobbii, the earliest plant colonist of primary successional habitats at Mount St. Helens, can dramatically influence successional rates and ecosystem development through N fixation and other facilitative effects. However, 15 yr after the eruption, lupine effects remained localized because high rates of population growth in newly founded patches ( l5 11.2, 1981-1985) were short lived ( l5 1.51,

  15. Primary mucinous carcinoma of the periocular region: successful management with local resections over 30?years

    PubMed Central

    Burris, Christopher Keith; Rajan, K D Anand; Iliff, Nicholas T

    2013-01-01

    Primary mucinous carcinoma of the skin is a rare malignant neoplasm, often with periocular involvement, believed to originate from eccrine sweat glands. It is slow growing and locally destructive, at times forming tumour satellites. We present a case with six local recurrences treated with surgical resections over a period of 30?years. We have not been able to find longer follow-up in the literature, and believe this case may offer insight into the management of these uniquely indolent malignancies. PMID:23417934

  16. Successful treatment of an adolescent with Naegleria fowleri primary amebic meningoencephalitis.

    PubMed

    Linam, W Matthew; Ahmed, Mubbasheer; Cope, Jennifer R; Chu, Craig; Visvesvara, Govinda S; da Silva, Alexandre J; Qvarnstrom, Yvonne; Green, Jerril

    2015-03-01

    Naegleria fowleri is a thermophilic, free-living ameba that causes primary amebic meningoencephalitis. The infections are nearly always fatal. We present the third well-documented survivor of this infection in North America. The patient's survival most likely resulted from a variety of factors: early identification and treatment, use of a combination of antimicrobial agents (including miltefosine), and management of elevated intracranial pressure based on the principles of traumatic brain injury. PMID:25667249

  17. Primary immigration and succession of soil organisms on reclaimed opencast coal mining areas in eastern Germany

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Manfred Wanner; Wolfram Dunger

    2002-01-01

    Immigration to and colonisation of recultivated opencast coal mining areas by soil organisms were investigated in eastern Germany during the period 1996–1998 in freshly exposed substrates (immigration test) and two up to 46-year-old afforested mine soils (stage-dependent succession). The results indicate that immigration by air is characteristic for protists, soil microarthropods and spiders, while active locomotion is more important for

  18. Percutaneous drainage and sclerotherapy as definitive treatment of renal lymphangiomatosis

    PubMed Central

    Valerio, Massimo; Meuwly, Jean-Yves; Tawadros, Cecile; Jichlinski, Patrice

    2012-01-01

    We report the technique and outcome of percutaneous drainage and sclerotherapy as primary treatment of renal lymphangiomatosis. Between January and May 2009, two patients presenting with symptomatic renal lymphangiomatosis were treated in our department by a minimally invasive modality combining percutaneous drainage with repeated sclerotherapy. We retrospectively analysed recurrence, complications and patient satisfaction. In this limited case series, percutaneous drainage and repeated sclerotherapy proved to be safe and effective for treating renal lymphangiomatosis. This procedure provides a minimally invasive option for selected patients, potentially avoiding a surgical procedure and any risk of complications. PMID:22396381

  19. CT-guided percutaneous biopsy of spinal lesions

    PubMed Central

    Peh, WCG

    2006-01-01

    Accurate diagnosis of spine lesions is important for its successful management. Imaging–guided percutaneous biopsy is gaining increasing acceptance as a means for obtaining tissue for diagnosis. Most biopsies can be rapidly performed under local anaesthesia, with little patient discomfort and improved safety. Spinal anatomy is, however, complex with many adjacent vital structures. Good knowledge of anatomy and precise needling technique is, therefore, important. Today, biopsy of spinal lesions is best performed under computed tomography (CT) fluoroscopic guidance. Indications for imaging-guided biopsy include confirming metastasis in a patient with a known primary tumour, determining the nature of a solitary bone lesion, excluding malignancy in vertebral body compression, and investigating for infection. Among the various issues to be considered are site of lesion, location of adjacent vital structures, approach, and type and size of needle. Complications are rare, particularly when a meticulous technique is applied. In summary, CT-guided percutaneous biopsy is a safe and an effective technique for the evaluation of spinal lesions and useful in planning therapy. PMID:21614239

  20. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rasim Gencosmanoglu

    2004-01-01

    Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is one of the most commonly used methods for nutritional support in patients who\\u000a are unable to take food orally. Traditional surgical gastrostomy, percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy, and laparoscopic gastrostomy\\u000a are the alternatives. The most common indication is neurogenic dysphagia followed by obstructive causes such as head and neck\\u000a tumors. Ethically justified and clinically comprehensive guidelines should

  1. Primary succession of Acrididae (Orthoptera): Differences in displacement capacities in early and late colonizers of new habitats

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Picaud, F.; Petit, D. P.

    2007-07-01

    Rehabilitated mine sites are suitable environments for the study of primary ecological succession. Following the monitoring of Plant and Orthoptera communities for 4 years on 7 sites in the Limousin region (France), covering 9 years of rehabilitation, three grasshopper seres were defined. It is expected that these seres are conditioned by both displacement capacities and reproductive characteristics. This study compares by field experiments the jumping flights and walking speed of the most abundant Caelifera belonging to the defined seres. A strong link emerged between the successional stages, the distances covered by jumping flights and sexual dimorphism. Walking speed is poorly related to the successional stage. We show that the high density of some species, as observed in the medium stage of succession, significantly reduces the walking distance of late colonisers, suggesting a mechanism that reduces further colonisation.

  2. Percutaneous Decortication of Cystic Renal Disease

    PubMed Central

    Tehranchi, Ali

    2011-01-01

    Purpose To assess the efficacy of percutaneous unroofing in the treatment of simple renal cysts instead of laparoscopic decortication and open surgeries. Materials and Methods From November 2009 to October 2010 at our department, 11 patients with 12 simple cyst units were managed by percutaneous unroofing. All cysts were evaluated with ultrasonography and abdominal computed tomography. If there were no contraindications, cyst wall resection was performed. A standard transurethral resectoscope was used to resect the cyst wall, and the parenchymal portion of the cyst was subsequently cauterized. The drain was left in place for 2 days. Results At the 5-month follow-up, patients were asked about their symptoms and ultrasonography was performed. From 12 cyst units, 8 were completely resolved, 3 were reduced to less than 50%, and 1 was persistent to near its original size. Success was defined as a more than 50% reduction in cyst volume. Conclusions Simple renal cysts can be safely managed by percutaneous unroofing with a success rate of more than 90%. This technique can offer several advantages over open surgery, such as decreased length of hospital stay, improved convalescence, and reduced risk of complications. Percutaneous resection also avoids the multiple trocar sites, extensive dissection, and technical difficulty associated with laparoscopy. PMID:22087364

  3. Successful treatment of primary adrenal insufficiency due to malignant non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

    PubMed

    Dobnig, H; Silly, H; Ohlinger, W; Neubauer, M; Leb, G; Krejs, G J

    1992-10-01

    Although the adrenal glands are frequently the site of tumor metastases, adrenal insufficiency is exceedingly rare. We report on a patient with high-grade B-cell centroblastic lymphoma who initially presented with right axillary lymphadenopathy and bilateral adrenal masses. Four months after axillary lymphadenectomy the patient developed overt signs of Addison's disease. He recovered promptly after initiation of hormone replacement therapy and bilateral adrenalectomy. At present, 16 months after additional chemo- and radiation therapy the patient is considered free of tumor. To our knowledge this is the first report on a patient who presented with adrenal insufficiency in the course of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and who was successfully treated. Demonstrating this case, we would also like to stress that the development of adrenal insufficiency does not necessarily indicate widespread tumor manifestation in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. PMID:1450618

  4. Effectiveness of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor use during primary coronary angioplasty: results of propensity analysis using the New York State Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Reporting System.

    PubMed

    Srinivas, Vankeepuram S; Skeif, Basel; Negassa, Abdissa; Bang, Ji Yon; Shaqra, Hussein; Monrad, E Scott

    2007-02-15

    Patients undergoing primary angioplasty in clinical practice experience a higher risk for adverse events than those enrolled in clinical trials. Whether glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitor use during primary angioplasty is both safe and effective in real life is unknown. Therefore, we examined the pattern of GP IIb/IIIa use and its effectiveness in a large population-based cohort of 7,321 patients who underwent primary angioplasty in New York State. Propensity analysis was used to account for the nonrandomized use of GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors. Overall, 78.5% of patients who underwent primary angioplasty received GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors. In-hospital mortality was significantly lower with GP IIb/IIIa use (3% vs 6.2%, p <0.0001) after adjustment for both propensity score (odds ratio 0.57, 95% confidence interval 0.44 to 0.74, p <0.0001) and the combination of propensity score and clinical characteristics (odds ratio 0.63, 95% confidence interval 0.45 to 0.88, p = 0.006). Patients with older age and higher Mayo Clinic Risk Score (MCRS) received GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors less often. However, stratified analysis of patients with low to moderate risk (MCRS <12) versus high risk (>or=12) demonstrated that GP IIb/IIIa use lowered risk of mortality both in low- to moderate-risk (1.39% vs 3.23%, p <0.0001) and high-risk patients (16.15% vs 22.41%, p = 0.03). In conclusion, adjunct GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor use during primary angioplasty is effective and associated with improved in-hospital survival rates. PMID:17293189

  5. Percutaneous diode laser disc nucleoplasty

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Menchetti, P. P.; Longo, Leonardo

    2004-09-01

    The treatment of herniated disc disease (HNP) over the years involved different miniinvasive surgical options. The classical microsurgical approach has been substituted over the years both by endoscopic approach in which is possible to practice via endoscopy a laser thermo-discoplasty, both by percutaneous laser disc nucleoplasty. In the last ten years, the percutaneous laser disc nucleoplasty have been done worldwide in more than 40000 cases of HNP. Because water is the major component of the intervertebral disc, and in HNP pain is caused by the disc protrusion pressing against the nerve root, a 980 nm Diode laser introduced via a 22G needle under X-ray guidance and local anesthesia, vaporizes a small amount of nucleous polposus with a disc shrinkage and a relief of pressure on nerve root. Most patients get off the table pain free and are back to work in 5 to 7 days. Material and method: to date, 130 patients (155 cases) suffering for relevant symptoms therapy-resistant 6 months on average before consulting our department, have been treated. Eightyfour (72%) males and 46 (28%) females had a percutaneous laser disc nucleoplasty. The average age of patients operated was 48 years (22 - 69). The level of disc removal was L3/L4 in 12 cases, L4/L5 in 87 cases and L5/S1 in 56 cases. Two different levels were treated at the same time in 25 patients. Results: the success rate at a minimum follow-up of 6 months was 88% with a complication rate of 0.5%.

  6. Keys to success for a school-based malaria control program in primary schools in Thailand.

    PubMed

    Okabayashi, Hironori; Thongthien, Pimpimon; Singhasvanon, Pratap; Waikagul, Jitra; Looareesuwan, Sornchai; Jimba, Masamine; Kano, Shigeyuki; Kojima, Somei; Takeuchi, Tsutomu; Kobayashi, Jun; Tateno, Seiki

    2006-06-01

    School-based malaria control has been recognized as a new approach for the control of this disease in the Greater Mekong Subregion since 2000. We evaluated a school-based malaria control program near the western border of Thailand using a before-after intervention study. The major intervention activities included teacher training with specialized malaria teaching materials and participatory learning methods. The target population was 17 school principals, 111 teachers and 852 schoolchildren of grade 3, 4, and 5 in 17 schools. After the intervention, the teachers taught about malaria more actively than before. The teachers who could design a lesson plan on malaria increased from 30.7% to 47.7% (p=0.015) and the teachers who had taught about malaria increased from 71.9% to 84.3% (p=0.035). As a result of the program, the schoolchildren changed their behavior positively towards malaria prevention with significant difference in 6 of 7 questions. For example, the schoolchildren 'who always took care of mosquito bites' increased from 42.7% to 62.1% (p<0.001) and the schoolchildren 'who always reported their parents or teachers when they had fever' increased from 36.0% to 56.0% (p<0.001). In conclusion, the keys to a successful intervention lie in good teaching materials and a participatory approach utilizing the well-established Thailand's school health system. Beyond Thailand, school-based malaria control could be applied to other Greater Mekong Subregion countries with careful analysis of school health context in each country. PMID:16406685

  7. Total Percutaneous Aortic Repair: Midterm Outcomes

    SciTech Connect

    Bent, Clare L., E-mail: clare.bent@bartsandthelondon.nhs.uk; Fotiadis, Nikolas; Renfrew, Ian [Barts and The London NHS Trust, Department of Diagnostic Imaging (United Kingdom); Walsh, Michael; Brohi, Karim [Barts and The London NHS Trust, Department of Vascular Surgery and Trauma Surgery (United Kingdom); Kyriakides, Constantinos [Barts and The London NHS Trust, Department of Vascular Surgery and Queen Mary's School of Medicine and Dentistry (United Kingdom); Matson, Matthew, E-mail: Matthew.matson@bartsandthelondon.nhs.u [Barts and The London NHS Trust, Department of Diagnostic Imaging (United Kingdom)

    2009-05-15

    The purpose of this study was to examine the immediate and midterm outcomes of percutaneous endovascular repair of thoracic and abdominal aortic pathology. Between December 2003 and June 2005, 21 patients (mean age: 60.4 {+-} 17.1 years; 15 males, 6 females) underwent endovascular stent-graft insertion for thoracic (n = 13) or abdominal aortic (n = 8) pathology. Preprocedural computed tomographic angiography (CTA) was performed to assess the suitability of aorto-iliac and common femoral artery (CFA) anatomy, including the degree of CFA calcification, for total percutaneous aortic stent-graft repair. Percutaneous access was used for the introduction of 18- to 26-Fr delivery devices. A 'preclose' closure technique using two Perclose suture devices (Perclose A-T; Abbott Vascular) was used in all cases. Data were prospectively collected. Each CFA puncture site was assessed via clinical examination and CTA at 1, 6, and 12 months, followed by annual review thereafter. Minimum follow-up was 36 months. Outcome measures evaluated were rates of technical success, conversion to open surgical repair, complications, and late incidence of arterial stenosis at the site of Perclose suture deployment. A total of 58 Perclose devices were used to close 29 femoral arteriotomies. Outer diameters of stent-graft delivery devices used were 18 Fr (n = 5), 20 Fr (n = 3), 22 Fr (n = 4), 24 Fr (n = 15), and 26 Fr (n = 2). Percutaneous closure was successful in 96.6% (28/29) of arteriotomies. Conversion to surgical repair was required at one access site (3.4%). Mean follow-up was 50 {+-} 8 months. No late complications were observed. By CT criteria, no patient developed a >50% reduction in CFA caliber at the site of Perclose deployment during the study period. In conclusion, percutaneous aortic stent-graft insertion can be safely performed, with a low risk of both immediate and midterm access-related complications.

  8. [Robotic-enhanced percutaneous coronary revascularization].

    PubMed

    Weisz, Giora

    2014-12-01

    Percutaneous revascularization (PCI) has made significant technological progress in the last four decades. Despite advances in the safety and efficacy of the coronary revascularization, interventional cardiologists have to cope with occupational hazards including exposure to radiation, cataract, and orthopedic problems. Robotic systems that enable distant navigation were developed to address the risks and challenges that are associated with percutaneous revascularization. The PRECISE multi-center study with robotic-enhanced PCI demonstrated technical success of 98.7% and clinical success of 97.5%. The use of the robotic-enhanced PCI system reduced operator radiation exposure by 95%. Patient benefits include precise segment measurements, improved stability of the intracoronary devices, and reduction of contrast media volume. Robotic-enhanced PCI is a promising advancement in interventional cardiology. PMID:25654916

  9. A case of primary effusion lymphoma diagnosed by open cardiocentesis.

    PubMed

    Miura, Naoko; Ito, Kensaku; Senba, Mayuko; Kajiwara, Koutarou; Oshiro, Yumi; Yokoyama, Hideki

    2015-07-01

    Primary effusion lymphoma is a type of B-cell lymphoma that is primarily related to human immunodeficiency virus. Thoracic surgeons rarely encounter this disease because of its rarity. We herein report a case of primary effusion lymphoma which required surgery for successful treatment. An 83-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with signs of cardiac tamponade. A radiological examination revealed a pericardial effusion. Performing percutaneous pericardiocentesis was difficult due to the patient's anatomical features. We performed open cardiocentesis under general anesthesia. A cytologic examination revealed primary effusion lymphoma. The patient underwent chemotherapy, resulting in complete remission. PMID:24585314

  10. Percutaneous valve replacement: weird or wonderful?

    PubMed

    Thiem, A; Cremer, J; Lutter, G

    2006-02-01

    Percutaneous treatment of valve diseases has proven to be an effective alternative to open surgery since the early 1980's. For most patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis, use of percutaneous catheter-based techniques as balloon valvuloplasty for the treatment of both congenital pulmonary stenosis as well as trans-septal commissurotomy has become a good therapeutic option. Furthermore in the mid 1990's in vitro studies demonstrated the feasibility of percutaneous catheter-based valve implantation first in pulmonary and subsequently in aortic position. Afterwards initial in vivo implantations were successfully undertaken. Limitations of this new branch of transcatheter-based techniques are: risk of embolization due to pre-dilatation; difficult deployment; migration of valved stent; paravalvular leakage and limited durability of the implanted valve. Hence, many advances and improvements are necessary prior to pronouncing a new real alternative and safe therapeutic option. Up to now the gold standard for the treatment of heart valve disease is still open surgical valve repair and replacement. Percutaneous valve replacement procedures offer substantial advantages both to patients and medical care providers. From a medical point of view, they may help reduce surgical risks, offer a less invasive procedure, lower complication rates and shorten rehabilitation times in future. From an economic standpoint, shorter hospital stays result in overall cost reduction. PMID:16467739

  11. N-P Co-Limitation of Primary Production and Response of Arthropods to N and P in Early Primary Succession on Mount St. Helens Volcano

    PubMed Central

    Bishop, John G.; O'Hara, Niamh B.; Titus, Jonathan H.; Apple, Jennifer L.; Gill, Richard A.; Wynn, Louise

    2010-01-01

    Background The effect of low nutrient availability on plant-consumer interactions during early succession is poorly understood. The low productivity and complexity of primary successional communities are expected to limit diversity and abundance of arthropods, but few studies have examined arthropod responses to enhanced nutrient supply in this context. We investigated the effects of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) addition on plant productivity and arthropod abundance on 24-yr-old soils at Mount St. Helens volcano. Methodology/Principal Findings We measured the relative abundance of eight arthropod orders and five families in plots that received N, P, or no nutrients for 3–5 years. We also measured plant % cover, leaf %N, and plant diversity. Vegetation responded rapidly to N addition but showed a lagged response to P that, combined with evidence of increased N fixation, suggested P-limitation to N availability. After 3 yrs of fertilization, orthopterans (primarily Anabrus simplex (Tettigoniidae) and Melanoplus spp (Acrididae)) showed a striking attraction to P addition plots, while no other taxa responded to fertilization. After 5 yrs of fertilization, orthopteran density in the same plots increased 80%–130% with P addition and 40% with N. Using structural equation modeling, we show that in year 3 orthopteran abundance was associated with a P-mediated increase in plant cover (or correlated increases in resource quality), whereas in year 5 orthopteran density was not related to cover, diversity or plant %N, but rather to unmeasured effects of P, such as its influence on other aspects of resource quality. Conclusions/Significance The marked surprising response to P by orthopterans, combined with a previous observation of P-limitation in lepidopteran herbivores at these sites, suggests that P-mediated effects of food quantity or quality are critical to insect herbivores in this N-P co-limited primary successional system. Our results also support a previous suggestion that the availability of N in these soils is P-limited. PMID:21049006

  12. Imaging in percutaneous ablation for atrial fibrillation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ružica Maksimovi?; Thorsten Dill; Arsen D. Risti?; Petar M. Seferovi?

    2006-01-01

    Percutaneous ablation for electrical disconnection of the arrhythmogenic foci using various forms of energy has become a well-established\\u000a technique for treating atrial fibrillation (AF). Success rate in preventing recurrence of AF episodes is high although associated\\u000a with a significant incidence of pulmonary vein (PV) stenosis and other rare complications. Clinical workup of AF patients\\u000a includes imaging before and after ablative

  13. Participation in the SUCCESS-A Trial Improves Intensity and Quality of Care for Patients with Primary Breast Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Andergassen, U.; Kasprowicz, N. S.; Hepp, P.; Schindlbeck, C.; Harbeck, N.; Kiechle, M.; Sommer, H.; Beckmann, M. W.; Friese, K.; Janni, W.; Rack, B.; Scholz, C.

    2013-01-01

    The SUCCESS-A trial is a prospective, multicenter, phase III clinical trial for high-risk primary breast cancer. It compares disease-free survival after randomization in patients treated with fluorouracil, epirubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by 3 cycles of docetaxel (FEC-D) with that of patients treated with 3 cycles of FEC followed by 3 cycles of gemcitabine and docetaxel (FEC-DG). After a second randomization patients were treated with zoledronate for 2 or 5 years. A total of 251 centers took part in the trial and 3754 patients were recruited over a period of 18 months which ended in March 2007. In a questionnaire-based survey we investigated the impact of enrollment in the trial on patient care, the choice of chemotherapy protocol and access to current oncologic information as well as overall satisfaction in the respective centers. Analysis of the 78 questionnaires returned showed that 40?% of the centers had never previously enrolled patients with these indications in clinical studies. Prior to participating in the study, 4?% of the centers prescribed CMF or other protocols in patients with high-primary breast cancer risk, 46?% administered anthracycline-based chemotherapy and 50?% gave taxane-based chemotherapy. Around half of the participating centers noted that intensity of care and overall quality of care became even better and that access to breast cancer-specific information improved through participation in the trial. After their experience with the SUCCESS-A trial, all of the centers stated that they were prepared to enroll patients in clinical phase III trials again in the future. These data indicate that both patients and physicians benefit from clinical trials, as enrollment improves treatment strategies and individual patient care, irrespective of study endpoints. PMID:24771886

  14. Percutaneous needle decompression in treatment of malignant small bowel obstruction

    PubMed Central

    Jiang, Ting-Hui; Sun, Xian-Jun; Chen, Yue; Cheng, Hui-Qin; Fang, Shi-Ming; Jiang, Hao-Sheng; Cao, Yan; Liu, Bing-Yan; Wu, Shao-Qiu; Mao, Ai-Wu

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous needle decompression in the treatment of malignant small bowel obstruction (MSBO). METHODS: A prospective analysis of the clinical data of 52 MSBO patients undergoing percutaneous needle decompression was performed. RESULTS: Percutaneous needle decompression was successful in all 52 patients. Statistically significant differences were observed in symptoms such as vomiting, abdominal distension and abdominal pain before and after treatment (81.6% vs 26.5%, 100% vs 8.2%, and 85.7% vs 46.9%, respectively; all P < 0.05). The overall significantly improved rate was 19.2% (11/52) and the response rate was 94.2% (49/52) using decompression combined with nasal tube placement, local arterial infusion of chemotherapy and nutritional support. During the one-month follow-up period, puncture-related complications were acceptable. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous needle intestinal decompression is a safe and effective palliative treatment for MSBO. PMID:25741156

  15. Intra-Arterial Hepatic Chemotherapy: A Comparison of Percutaneous Versus Surgical Implantation of Port-Catheters

    SciTech Connect

    Deschamps, F., E-mail: frederic.deschamps@igr.fr [Gustave Roussy Institut, Department of Interventional Radiology (France); Elias, D., E-mail: elias@igr.fr; Goere, D., E-mail: goere@igr.fr [Gustave Roussy Institut, Department of Surgery (France); Malka, D., E-mail: malka@igr.fr; Ducreux, M., E-mail: ducreux@igr.fr; Boige, V., E-mail: boige@igr.fr [Gustave Roussy Institut, Department of Medical Oncology (France); Auperin, A., E-mail: auperin@igr.fr [Gustave Roussy Institut, Department of Statistics (France); Baere, T. de, E-mail: debaere@igr.fr [Gustave Roussy Institut, Department of Interventional Radiology (France)

    2011-10-15

    Purpose: To compare retrospectively the safety and efficacy of percutaneous and surgical implantations of port-catheters for intra-arterial hepatic chemotherapy (IAHC). Materials and Methods: Between January 2004 and December 2008, 126 consecutive patients (mean age 58 years) suffering from liver colorectal metastases were referred for intra-arterial hepatic chemotherapy (IAHC). Port-catheters were percutaneously implanted (P) through femoral access with the patient under conscious sedation when no other surgery was planned or were surgically implanted (S) when laparotomy was performed for another purpose. We report the implantation success rate, primary functionality, functionality after revision, and complications of IAHC. Results: The success rates of implantation were 97% (n = 65 of 67) for P and 98% (n = 58 of 59) for S. One hundred eleven patients received IAHC in our institution (n = 56P and n = 55S). Primary functionality was the same for P and S (4.80 vs. 4.82 courses), but functionality after revision was significantly higher for P (9.18 vs. 5.95 courses, p = 0.004) than for S. Forty-five complications occurred during 516 courses for P and 28 complications occurred during 331 courses for S. The rates of discontinuation of IAHC linked to complications of the port-catheters were 21% (n = 12 of 56) for P and 34% (n = 19 of 55) for S. Conclusion: Overall, significantly better functionality and similar complication rates occurred after P versus S port-catheters.

  16. Percutaneous cecostomy in the management of organic fecal incontinence in children

    PubMed Central

    Donkol, Ragab Hani; Al-Nammi, Ahmed

    2010-01-01

    AIM: To assess the effectiveness and safety of imaging-guided percutaneous cecostomy in the management of pediatric patients with organic fecal incontinence. METHODS: Twenty three cecostomies were performed on 21 children with organic fecal incontinence (13 males, 8 females), aged from 5 to 16 years (mean 9.5 years). Thirteen patients had neurogenic fecal incontinence and 8 patients had anorectal anomalies. Procedures were performed under general anesthesia and fluoroscopic guidance. Effectiveness and complication data were obtained for at least 1 year after the procedure. RESULTS: Cecostomy was successful in 20 patients (primary technical success rate 95%). Cecostomy failed in one patient due to tube breakage (secondary technical success rate 100%). The tubes were in situ for an average of 18 mo (range 12-23 mo). Eighteen patients (87%) expressed satisfaction with the procedures. Resolution of soiling was achieved in all patients with neurogenic fecal incontinence (100%) and in 5 of 8 patients with anorectal anomalies (62.5%). Eleven patients (52%) experienced minor problems. No major complications were noted. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous cecostomy improves the quality of life in children with organic fecal incontinence. A satisfactory outcome is more prevalent in patients with neurogenic fecal incontinence than anorectal anomalies. PMID:21225001

  17. Infected pancreatic fluid collections: percutaneous catheter drainage.

    PubMed

    Freeny, P C; Lewis, G P; Traverso, L W; Ryan, J A

    1988-05-01

    Thirty-eight infected pancreatic fluid collections in 23 patients with acute or chronic pancreatitis were drained percutaneously following initial diagnosis with computed tomography and fine-needle aspiration. Fifteen (65.2%) patients were cured completely without surgery. Eight (34.8%) patients required some type of surgery despite successful treatment of the fluid collection, and in two (6.5%) the collection recurred after catheter removal. Complications occurred in three (13%) patients, but only one complication (4%), empyema, was a direct result of catheter drainage. Catheter drainage time averaged 29 days for 16 patients with isolated collections and 96 days and 104 days for patients with collections with pancreatic duct fistulas (nine patients) or gastrointestinal fistulas (14 patients), respectively. This study confirms that infected pancreatic fluid collections can be safely and effectively treated with percutaneous catheter techniques in most patients. PMID:3357952

  18. Idiopathic chylopericardium treated by percutaneous thoracic duct embolization after failed surgical thoracic duct ligation.

    PubMed

    Courtney, Malachi; Ayyagari, Raj R

    2015-06-01

    Chylopericardium rarely occurs in pediatric patients, but when it does it is most often a result of lymphatic injury during cardiothoracic surgery. Primary idiopathic chylopericardium is especially rare, with few cases in the pediatric literature. We report a 10-year-old boy who presented with primary idiopathic chylopericardium after unsuccessful initial treatment with surgical lymphatic ligation and creation of a pericardial window. Following readmission to the hospital for a right-side chylothorax resulting from the effluent from the pericardial window, he had successful treatment by interventional radiology with percutaneous thoracic duct embolization. This case illustrates the utility of thoracic duct embolization as a less-invasive alternative to surgical thoracic duct ligation, or as a salvage procedure when surgical ligation fails. PMID:25249390

  19. Percutaneous pulmonary valve replacement.

    PubMed

    Frigiola, Alessandra; Nordmeyer, Johannes; Bonhoeffer, Philipp

    2009-05-01

    Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation helps in prolonging the lifespan of surgically placed right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery (RV-PA) conduits, and represents a less invasive alternative to repeat open-heart surgery. The clinical indications for treatment match those of surgery. As far as the suitability is concerned, the current ideal substrate is a degenerated RV-PA conduit, because of the presence of a certain degree of calcification that offers a safe anchoring point. So far, patients have been treated with low morbidity and mortality that were further improved with increasing experience. After percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation, patients experience a subjective improvement, mirrored by an objective increase of measured exercise capacity parameters and by reduced RV-PA gradient, regurgitant fraction, and RV volumes. New developments in the experimental field should result in an extension of indications in the future. PMID:19322077

  20. Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment of Hepatic Artery Stenosis in Adult and Pediatric Patients After Liver Transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Maruzzelli, Luigi; Miraglia, Roberto, E-mail: rmiraglia@ismett.edu; Caruso, Settimo; Milazzo, Mariapina; Mamone, Giuseppe [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies, (ISMETT), Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Gruttadauria, Salvatore; Spada, Marco [University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (United States); Luca, Angelo [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies, (ISMETT), Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Gridelli, Bruno [University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (United States)

    2010-12-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous endovascular techniques for the treatment of hepatic artery stenosis (HAS) occurring after liver transplantation (LT) in adult and pediatrics patients. From February 2003 to March 2009, 25 patients (15 adults and 10 children) whose developed HAS after LT were referred to our interventional radiology unit. Technical success was achieved in 96% (24 of 25) of patients. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) was performed in 13 patients (7 children), and stenting was performed in 11 patients (2 children). After the procedure, all patients were followed-up with liver function tests, Doppler ultrasound, and/or computed tomography. Mean follow-up was 15.8 months (range 5 days to 58 months). Acute hepatic artery thrombosis occurred immediately after stent deployment in 2 patients and was successfully treated with local thrombolysis. One patient developed severe HA spasm, which reverted after 24 h. After the procedure, mean trans-stenotic pressure gradient decreased from 30.5 to 6.2 mmHg. Kaplan-Meyer curve of HA primary patency was 77% at 1 and 2 years. During the follow-up period, 5 patients (20%) had recurrent stenosis, and 2 patients (8.3%) had late thrombosis. Two of 7 patients with stenosis/thrombosis underwent surgical revascularization (n = 1) and liver retransplantation (n = 1). Six (25%) patients died during follow-up, but overall mortality was not significantly different when comparing patients having patent hepatic arteries with those having recurrent stenosis/thrombosis. There were no significant differences in recurrent stenosis/thrombosis and mortality comparing patients treated by PTA versus stenting and comparing adult versus pediatric status. Percutaneous interventional treatment of HAS in LT recipients is safe and effective and decreases the need for surgical revascularization and liver retransplantation. However, the beneficial effects for survival are not clear, probably because the clinical complexity of many of these cases.

  1. Percutaneous Pediculoplasty for Vertebral Hemangioma Involving the Neural Arch: A Case Report

    SciTech Connect

    Fuwa, Sokun, E-mail: sofuwa@luke.or.jp; Numaguchi, Yuji; Kobayashi, Nobuo; Saida, Yukihisa [St. Luke's International Hospital, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Japan)

    2008-01-15

    Vertebral hemangiomas occasionally involve the neural arch and they can be symptomatic. We report a case of symptomatic vertebral hemangioma mainly involving the unilateral neural arch which was successfully treated with percutaneous pediculoplasty using a single-needle technique.

  2. Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and soil developmental stages on herbaceous plants growing in the early stage of primary succession on Mount Fuji

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Masaaki Fujiyoshi; Atsushi Kagawa; Takayuki Nakatsubo; Takehiro Masuzawa

    2006-01-01

    A pot culture experiment was conducted to examine the effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and soil developmental stages on the growth and nutrient absorption of pioneer plants growing in the early stage of primary succession on Mt. Fuji. Four herbaceous plants, Polygonum cuspidatum (Polygonaceae), Miscanthus oligostachyus (Gramineae), Aster ageratoides var. ovatus (Compositae), and Hedysarum vicioides (Leguminosae), were grown from

  3. Percutaneous Transosseous Embolization of Internal Iliac Artery Aneurysm Type II Endoleak: Report of Two Cases

    SciTech Connect

    Gemmete, Joseph J., E-mail: gemmete@umich.edu; Arabi, Mohammad; Cwikiel, Wojciech B. [University of Michigan Health System, Department of Radiology (United States)

    2011-02-15

    This report describes two cases of successful treatment of an internal iliac artery aneurysm (IIAA) type II endoleak utilizing a percutaneous transosseous access that could not be treated using an endovascular or standard percutaneous approach. A direct percutaneous approach through bone was chosen to avoid vital structures and the surrounding bowel. The procedure was successful and required minimal fluoroscopy time compared with other treatment options. We believe this procedure is an alternative to some of the more complex and technically challenging means of treating this lesion.

  4. Percutaneous vertebral angioplasty before coronary artery bypass grafting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ikuo Fukuda; Wahei Mihara; Akinobu Sasaki; Seigo Gomi

    2000-01-01

    We report a case of a 63-year-old male with three-vessel coronary heart disease complicated by stenosis of the bilateral vertebral arteries. Triple coronary bypass grafting, using arterial conduits, was successfully performed after percutaneous balloon angioplasty of the left vertebral artery. Precedent angioplasty of a stenotic vertebral artery is safe and protects the brain from ischemia during extracorporeal circulation.

  5. Use of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes in burn patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. L. Patton; L. R. Haith; T. J. Germain; W. T. Goldman; J. T. Raymond

    1994-01-01

    Alimentation and decompression are imperative to the successful management of the severely burned patient. Utilization of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes for these purposes has become a proven effective procedure in nonburned patients with few major complications. We retrospectively reviewed placement of PEG tubes in 31 burn patients, some of whom had been admitted with additional diagnoses such as inhalation

  6. Selective Coronary Angiography Using a Percutaneous Femoral Technique

    PubMed Central

    Bourassa, M. G.; Lespérance, J.; Campeau, L.; Bois, M. A.; Saltiel, J.

    1970-01-01

    Successful use, in 650 patients over a period of two years, of a percutaneous femoral technique of selective coronary angiography is described. This technique is carried out with the use of mouldable, manually preshaped polyethylene catheters. Preparation of the material and the different steps of the technique are discussed. Excellent flexibility and plastic memory of this catheter material allow easy, rapid and consistent percutaneous insertion and removal of catheters and intubation of the coronary arteries. ImagesFIG. 3FIG. 4FIG. 5FIG. 6 PMID:20311550

  7. Atlantoaxial Joint Synovial Cyst: Diagnosis and Percutaneous Treatment

    SciTech Connect

    Velan, Osvaldo, E-mail: osvaldo.velan@hospitalitaliano.org.a [Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Department of Radiology (Argentina); Rabadan, Alejandra, E-mail: alejandra.rabadan@hospitalitaliano.org.a [Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Department of Neurosurgery (Argentina); Paganini, Lisandro, E-mail: lisandro.paganini@hospitalitaliano.org.a [Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Department of Radiology (Argentina); Langhi, Luciano, E-mail: luciano.langhi@hospitalitaliano.org.a [Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Department of Neurosurgery (Argentina)

    2008-11-15

    Synovial cysts at the atlantoaxial level are found uncommonly. Lumbar symptomatic cases are treated by percutaneous cyst aspiration with or without corticoid injection or by surgical resection, but synovial cysts at the C1-C2 level are usually treated by surgery. We report here a 92-year-old woman with a retro-odontoid synovial cyst producing spinal cord compression that was treated by percutaneous aspiration of the cyst under CT guidance. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an atlantoaxial synovial cyst successfully treated with a minimally invasive procedure.

  8. Percutaneous Pulmonary Valve Placement

    PubMed Central

    Prieto, Lourdes R.

    2015-01-01

    Patients with congenital heart disease and pulmonary valve disease need multiple procedures over their lifetimes to replace their pulmonary valves. Chronic pulmonary stenosis, regurgitation, or both have untoward effects on ventricular function and on the clinical status of these patients. To date, all right ventricle–pulmonary artery conduits have had relatively short lifespans. Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation, although relatively new, will probably reduce the number of operative procedures that these patients will have to undergo over a lifetime. Refinement and further development of this procedure holds promise for the extension of this technology to other patient populations. PMID:26175629

  9. Immediate and Six-month Clinical Outcome of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in a Tertiary Hospital in the Sultanate of Oman

    PubMed Central

    Prashanth, Panduranga; Mukhaini, Mohamed; Riyami, Abdulla A.; Sulaiman, Kadhim; Shahrabani, Rashid; Riyami, Abdulla M.

    2008-01-01

    Objectives To evaluate the clinical characteristics, angiographic profile, in-hospital and six-month clinical outcome of patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention in a tertiary hospital in the Sultanate of Oman. Methods Two hundred and five consecutive patients with both acute coronary syndrome and stable coronary artery disease, who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention between January 2007?and June 2007, were retrospectively analyzed.?Follow-up information was obtained from outpatient visits of these patients at six-months. Main outcome measures The primary end point in this study was the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), defined as cardiac death, any myocardial infarction (MI), cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and target vessel revascularization (TVR) with either repeat percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). Secondary end points included angiographic success rate, procedural success rate, angina status, and the rate of clinical and angiographic restenosis. Results The angiographic and procedural success rate was 98% and 95% respectively. Fifty-one percent of patients surveyed had single vessel disease, 34% had double vessel disease and triple vessel disease was seen in 15% of patients. Type A lesion was found in 16%, Type B in 55% and Type C in 29% of patients. The majority of patients had single vessel stenting (83%). The mean ± SD number of stents per patient was 1.6 ± 0.9.There were four in-hospital deaths (2%) and six patients (2.9%) had non-ST elevation myocardial infarction before hospital discharge. Out of 205 patients, 53 patients were lost to follow-up. Among the 148 patients followed up, 105 patients (71%) were asymptomatic at follow-up, 36 (24%) patients had stable angina and 7 (5%) had a late myocardial infarction including three patients with stent thrombosis (2%). Among the 43 patients with angina or late infarction, 28 patients underwent coronary angiogram. Angiographic in-stent restenosis was seen in 14 patients. Of them, 8 patients underwent CABG and 6 patients repeat PCI. Fourteen patients had patent stents.The remaining fifteen patients were on optimal medications including two patients with stent thrombosis as they refused coronary angiogram. Overall, 132 of 148?patients (105 asymptomatic/14 patent stents/13 with angina) (89%) were free from major adverse cardiac events. Considering anginal status and repeat angiograms, composite clinical (15 patients) and angiographic (14 patients) six-month restenosis rate in percutaneous coronary intervention patients (29/148) was 19.5%. Conclusion Results of percutaneous coronary intervention in our setup is excellent with good immediate results, low complication rate, good six-month clinical outcome and is comparable to international standards. PMID:22334836

  10. Percutaneous management of pancreatic fluid collections.

    PubMed

    Freeny, P C

    1992-06-01

    Percutaneous catheter drainage of both infected and non-infected pancreatic fluid collections is a safe, efficacious procedure. The results of this procedure depend upon proper selection of patients based upon their clinical status as well as the morphological findings depicted by computed tomography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, careful preprocedural planning and execution of the drainage procedure, good catheter care with follow-up imaging and contrast studies, and attention to the criteria of catheter removal. An average success rate of 80% should be expected with a complication rate of about 15%. PMID:1392090

  11. Perivascular Inflammatory Reaction After Percutaneous Placement of Covered Stents

    SciTech Connect

    Link, Johann; Mueller-Huelsbeck, Stefan; Brossmann, Joachim; Steffens, Johann C.; Heller, Martin [Department of Radiology, Christian Albrechts University, Arnold Heller Strasse 9, D-24105 Kiel (Germany)

    1996-09-15

    A 52-year-old woman with an extensive superficial femoral artery occlusion was treated with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. Because of extensive dissections, two covered stents were placed percutaneously. The intervention was successful with respect to vessel patency, but local pain and fever developed 5 hr after the intervention. Swelling of the thigh occurred, but deep venous thrombosis was excluded. MRI revealed pronounced soft-tissue edema in the adductor canal that persisted for 4 weeks. The fever responded to antiinflammatory medication, but the pain remained for 4 weeks. The vessel was patent at the last follow-up, 8 weeks after graft placement. Soft-tissue edema after percutaneous placement of covered stents has been reported previously. The cause of the inflammatory reaction is unclear.

  12. Percutaneous transhepatic cholecystostomy for acute complicated cholecystitis in elderly patients.

    PubMed

    Van Steenbergen, W; Ponette, E; Marchal, G; Pelemans, W; Aerts, R; Fevery, J; De Groote, J

    1990-10-01

    We report our experience with percutaneous transhepatic cholecystostomy in 10 elderly patients with acute cholecystitis, complicated by empyema formation. Most of these patients has severe underlying disease, rendering them at high risk for surgical intervention. In all patients, the percutaneous procedure was followed by a rapid regression of clinical symptoms and of radiologic abnormalities. Six were considered inoperable. Three of these remain free of biliary symptoms, respectively 22, 10, and 7 months after percutaneous cholecystostomy. Three others died of nonbiliary disease 1-4 months after cholecystostomy. Three patients underwent successful elective cholecystostomy 1-5 wk after percutaneous cholecystostomy. In one patient, cholecystectomy had to be performed because of recurrence of hydrops, 1 wk after catheter removal. In our opinion, percutaneous transhepatic cholecystostomy is a safe and effective procedure in the treatment of elderly patients with acute complicated cholecystitis. It can be followed by elective cholecystectomy in good surgical candidates, or by an expectant conservative management in high surgical risk patients. PMID:2220730

  13. Computer-Assisted Percutaneous Scaphoid Fixation: Concepts and Evolution

    PubMed Central

    Smith, Erin J.; Ellis, Randy E.; Pichora, David R.

    2013-01-01

    Background?The treatment for undisplaced scaphoid waist fractures has evolved from conventional cast immobilization to percutaneous screw insertion. Percutaneous fixation reduces some of the risks of open surgery, but can be technically demanding and carries the risk of radiation exposure. Recently, computer-assisted percutaneous scaphoid fixation (CAPSF) has been gaining interest. Materials and Methods?Conventional percutaneous scaphoid fixation is performed under fluoroscopic guidance and involves insertion of a guide wire along the length of the scaphoid to facilitate placement of a cannulated screw. Adapting computer-assisted techniques for scaphoid fixation poses several unique challenges including patient tracking and registration. Results?To date, five groups have successfully implemented systems for CAPSF. These systems have implemented wrist immobilization strategies to resolve the issue of patient tracking and have developed unique guidance techniques incorporating 2D fluoroscope, cone-beam CT, and ultrasound, to circumvent patient-based registration. Conclusions?Computer-aided percutaneous pinning of scaphoid waist fractures can significantly reduce radiation exposure and has the potential to improve the accuracy of this procedure. This article reviews the rationale for, and the evolution of, CAPSF and describes the key principles of computer-assisted technology. PMID:24436833

  14. The management of liver hydatid cysts by percutaneous drainage

    PubMed Central

    Aygün, Ersan; Sahin, Mustafa; Ödev, Kemal; Vatansev, Celalettin; Aksoy, Faruk; Paksoy, Yahya; Kartal, Adil; Karahan, Ömer

    2001-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of percutaneous drainage on liver hydatid cysts. Design A retrospective case study. Setting Department of Surgery, Selçuk University, Konya, Turkey. Patients Forty-five patients with 83 liver hydatid cysts (types I and II according to the classification of Gharbi and colleagues) followed up for a mean of 30 months (range from 14 to 36 months). Intervention The cysts were drained percutaneously with ultrasonographic guidance and then irrigated with 0.05% silver nitrate solution through a fine needle. Albendazole was administered 48 hours before percutaneous drainage and for 2 months after the procedure to prevent the implantation of spilled scolices. Main outcome measures Complications of the procedure, decrease in size of the cyst cavity, recurrence and dissemination of the cysts. Results All the cysts were treated successfully by percutaneous drainage. Anaphylactic shock developed in 1 (2.2 %) patient, and mild allergic reactions were observed in 2 (4.4 %) patients during the interventional procedure. Follow-up ultrasonography and CT demonstrated a statistically significant (p < 0.01) decrease in the mean cyst size. Recurrence and dissemination were not observed during the follow-up period. Conclusion Percutaneous fine-needle aspiration and drainage is effective for managing cystic liver hydatid disease in selected cases. PMID:11407831

  15. Percutaneous Cystgastrostomy as a Single-Step Procedure

    SciTech Connect

    Curry, L., E-mail: lara.curry@bartsandthelondon.nhs.uk; Sookur, P.; Low, D.; Bhattacharya, S.; Fotheringham, T. [Royal London Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

    2009-03-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the success of percutaneous transgastric cystgastrostomy as a single-step procedure. We performed a retrospective analysis of single-step percutaneous transgastric cystgastrostomy carried out in 12 patients (8 male, 4 female; mean age 44 years; range 21-70 years), between 2002 and 2007, with large symptomatic pancreatic pseudocysts for whom up to 1-year follow-up data (mean 10 months) were available. All pseudocysts were drained by single-step percutaneous cystgastrostomy with the placement of either one or two stents. The procedure was completed successfully in all 12 patients. The pseudocysts showed complete resolution on further imaging in 7 of 12 patients with either enteric passage of the stent or stent removal by endoscopy. In 2 of 12 patients, the pseudocysts showed complete resolution on imaging, with the stents still noted in situ. In 2 of 12 patients, the pseudocysts became infected after 1 month and required surgical intervention. In 1 of 12 patients, the pseudocyst showed partial resolution on imaging, but subsequently reaccumulated and later required external drainage. In our experience, percutaneous cystgastrostomy as a single-step procedure has a high success rate and good short-term outcomes over 1-year follow-up and should be considered in the treatment of large symptomatic cysts.

  16. Percutaneous transfemoral closure of a pseudoaneurysm at the left ventricular apical access site for transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

    PubMed

    Karimi, Ashkan; Beaver, Thomas M; Fudge, James C

    2015-02-01

    This case report illustrates a left ventricular pseudoaneurysm that developed at the transapical access site for transcatheter aortic valve implantation and was successfully excluded percutaneously through a femoral approach using an Amplatzer muscular VSD occluder (St. Jude Medical). We also discuss various currently available devices and technical pearls for percutaneous closure of left ventricular pseudoaneurysms. PMID:25661768

  17. Successful interventional management of abdominal compartment syndrome caused by blunt liver injury with hemorrhagic diathesis

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    We report that a case of primary abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS), caused by blunt liver injury under the oral anticoagulation therapy, was successfully treated. Transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) was initially selected, and the bleeding point of hepatic artery was embolized with N-Butyl Cyanoacylate (NBCA). Secondary, percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) was performed for massive hemoperitoneum. There are some reports of ACS treated with TAE. However, combination treatment of TAE with NBCA and PCD for ACS has not been reported. Even low invasive interventional procedures may improve primary ACS if the patient has hemorrhagic diathesis or coagulopathy discouraging surgeon from laparotomy. PMID:24656215

  18. Percutaneous management of prosthetic valve thrombosis

    PubMed Central

    Hariram, Vuppaladadhiam

    2014-01-01

    Background Thrombosis of a prosthetic valve is a serious complication in patients with prosthetic heart valves. Thrombolysis is the initial choice of treatment. Patients who do not respond to thrombolysis are subjected to surgery which carries a high risk. We report a case series of 5 patients with prosthetic mitral valve thrombosis who did not respond to thrombolysis and were subjected to percutaneous manipulation of the prosthetic valves successfully and improved. Methods Five patients who were diagnosed to have prosthetic mitral valve thrombosis and failed to respond to a minimum of 36 h of thrombolysis (persistent symptoms with increased gradients, abnormal findings on fluoroscopy),were subjected to percutaneous treatment after receiving proper consent. None of them had a visible thrombus on transthoracic echocardiogram. All patients underwent transseptal puncture following which a 6F JR4 guiding catheter was passed into the left atrium. The valve leaflets were repeatedly hit gently under fluoroscopic guidance till they regained their normal mobility. Results Mean age was 38.8 years. Average peak and mean gradients prior to the procedure were 38 and 25 and after the procedure were 12 and 6 mm of Hg respectively. All patients had successful recovery of valve motion on fluoroscopy with normalization of gradients and complete resolution of symptoms. None of the patients had any focal neurological deficits, embolic manifestations or bleeding complications. Conclusions Percutaneous manipulation of prosthetic valves in selected patients with prosthetic valve thrombosis who do not respond to thrombolytic therapy is feasible and can be used as an alternative to surgery. PMID:25173201

  19. Spatially structured herbivory and primary succession at Mount St Helens: field surveys and experimental growth studies suggest a role for nutrients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    WILLIAM F. F AGAN; J OHN

    2004-01-01

    The 1980 eruption ofMount St Helens (Washington, U.S.A.) created a 60-km2 region ofprimary successional habitat. Since colonising in 1981, the spatial spread ofthe legume Lupinus lepidus at Mount St Helens, Washington, U.S.A., has afforded intriguing opportunities to study the effect of trophic dynamics on primary succession. 2. Insect herbivory on this lupine has exhibited striking spatial structure for over a

  20. Symptom assessment in patients with functional and primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction before and after successful dacryocystorhinostomy surgery: a prospective study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L M Cheung; I C Francis; F Stapleton; G Wilcsek

    2007-01-01

    Aim:To evaluate symptoms in patients with functional (FNLDO) and primary acquired (PANDO) nasolacrimal duct obstruction, evaluated prospectively before and after successful dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) surgery.Design:A questionnaire delivered by interview, pre- and postintervention.Methods:Consecutive patients with either FNLDO or PANDO were derived from a tertiary referral clinic and private practice of two surgeons (GW and ICF). The preoperative cohort consisted of 33 FNLDO

  1. Occlusion of an Intraosseous Arteriovenous Malformation With Percutaneous Injection of Polymethylmethacrylate

    SciTech Connect

    Ierardi, Anna Maria, E-mail: amierardi@yahoo.it [S. Giuseppe Hospital, Department of Radiology (Italy); Mangini, Monica, E-mail: monica.mangini@tin.it [University Hospital of Insubria, Department of Radiology (Italy); Vaghi, Massimo, E-mail: vaghim@yahoo.it [U. O. Department of Vascular Surgery, A. O. G. Salvini (Italy); Cazzulani, Alberto, E-mail: cazzulanialberto@tiscali.it [A. O. G. Salvini, Department of Radiology (Italy); Mattassi, Raul, E-mail: rmattassi@yahoo.it [U. O. Department of Vascular Surgery, A. O. G. Salvini (Italy); Carrafiello, Gianpaolo, E-mail: gcarraf@tin.it [University Hospital of Insubria, Department of Radiology (Italy)

    2011-02-15

    Primary intraosseous arteriovenous malformations are rare. Many minimally invasive procedures can be considered preoperative steps and/or definitive treatment. The case reported regards a young woman with a voluminous arteriovenous extratroncular infiltrating malformation of the humerus. She underwent several treatments, but none of them was completely occlusive. The last treatment consisted of direct percutaneous puncture of the intraosseous alteration and injection of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), which is normally used in percutaneous vertebroplasty. We obtained complete occlusion of the humerus lytic lesion. To the best of our knowledge, this represents the first case of intraosseous AVM treated by percutaneous injection of PMMA.

  2. Barriers to the successful practice of chronic kidney diseases at the primary health care level; a systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Junaid Nazar, Chaudhary Muhammad; Kindratt, Tiffany Billmeier; Ahmad, Syed Muhammad Ahtizaz; Ahmed, Manzoor; Anderson, John

    2014-01-01

    Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD), a major global public health problem, has been recognized as one of the eleven important causes of death. This review explores a wide range of barriers related to patients and health systems involved in controlling the prevalence of CKD at the primary health care level. Patients and Method: Electronic databases including PubMed/Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL), Entrez, British Medical Journal (BMJ), EBSCO host, Cochrane and Google scholar were searched for the data published from 2000 to 2010 using MeSH terms such as ‘chronic kidney diseases’, ‘renal transplantation’, ‘complications’, ‘health care services’, ‘acute renal failure’. After screening 587 abstracts, a total of 10 studies were selected for systematic review. Developed countries such as the United Kingdom, the USA and other European countries were reviewed in order to identify the barriers associated with CKD practice at the primary health care level. The reasons for the failure of services at the primary health care level were categorized. A pre-defined protocol was used for data extraction and content appraisal. Results: At the primary health care level, the major barriers associated with CKD include the late referral of patients to nephrologists, old age, presence of several co-morbidities, lack of education and awareness among ethnic minorities, difficulty in communication between primary health care professionals, and the shortage of multi-disciplinary care team at dialysis centers. Additionally, factors such as drug-drug interaction during treatment, lack of anemia-management during dialysis, hypertension, and depression in CKD patients also act as important barriers in CKD care at the primary health care level. Conclusion: The knowledge and awareness about CKD management is lacking. Therefore, educational intervention is essential for patients as well medical personnel. Also, a multidisciplinary care team is essential for the complex management of CKD due to associated co-morbidities. PMID:25340171

  3. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy.

    PubMed

    Bright, R M

    1993-05-01

    Over the past 5 to 7 years, the veterinary profession has benefitted from our increased ability to provide nutrition to the small animal patient who cannot or will not eat. The adaptation of the percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) for use in the dog and cat deserves a great deal of credit in advancing the level of care we can now give to the chronically ill or critical care patient. The PEG is a relatively simple technique that has proved to be a very cost-efficient way to maintain the nutritional status of the small animal patient. In the author's experience, owner acceptance of using the PEG in the home environment on a chronic basis has been excellent. PMID:8503158

  4. Medullary thyroid carcinoma with multiple hepatic metastases: treatment with transcatheter arterial embolization and percutaneous ethanol injection.

    PubMed

    Isozaki, T; Kiba, T; Numata, K; Saito, S; Shimamura, T; Kitamura, T; Morita, K; Tanaka, K; Sekihara, H

    1999-01-01

    A 54-year-old man with medullary thyroid carcinoma in the thyroid gland was unable to undergo total thyroidectomy because the tumor had invaded the mediastinum. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy were given. Seven years later, intractable diarrhea and abdominal pain appeared, and computed tomography demonstrated hypervascular tumors in the thyroid gland and in the liver. The tumors were successfully treated with percutaneous ethanol injection to a lesion in the thyroid gland and transcatheter arterial embolization followed by percutaneous ethanol injection to tumors in the liver. Transcatheter arterial embolization and percutaneous ethanol injection may be valuable in treating medullary thyroid carcinoma. PMID:10052736

  5. Primary Self-Expandable Nitinol Stent Placement in Focal Lesions of Infrarenal Abdominal Aorta: Long Term Results

    SciTech Connect

    Lastovickova, Jarmila, E-mail: jala@medicon.cz; Peregrin, Jan H. [Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Czech Republic)

    2008-01-15

    Purpose. To evaluate the technical and clinical success, safety and long term results of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty/self-expandable nitinol stent placement of infrarenal abdominal aorta focal lesions. Materials and Methods. Eighteen patients underwent PTA of focal atherosclerotic occlusive disease of distal abdominal aorta. Two symptomatic occlusions and 16 stenoses in 10 male and 8 female patients (mean age 68.2 years) were treated with primary self-expandable nitinol stent placement. Results. Primary self-expandable nitinol stent placement was technically successful in all 18 procedures; clinical success was achieved in 100% of patients. No complications associated with the procedure occurred. During the 49.4 months of mean follow up (range 3-96, 4 months) all treated aortic segments remained patent. Conclusions. Endovascular treatment (primary self-expandable nitinol stent placement) of focal atherosclerotic lesions of distal abdominal aorta is a safe method with excellent primary technical and clinical success rates and favourable Long term results.

  6. Image-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation for osteoid osteomas.

    PubMed

    Venbrux, Anthony C; Montague, Brian J; Murphy, Kieran P J; Bobonis, Lauren A; Washington, Stanley B; Soltes, Amy P; Frassica, Frank J

    2003-03-01

    The authors present a retrospective analysis of the technical and clinical successes, complications, and clinical follow-up of image-guided percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation of osteoid osteomas. Nine patients with osteoid osteomas underwent image-guided localization of osteoid osteomas. Outpatient percutaneous therapy (13 procedures) was performed under general anesthesia after image-guided localization of the nidus. Initial technical success was achieved in seven of nine patients. Two initial technical and clinical failures occurred early in this experience because of failure to adequately enter the nidus with use of fluoroscopic imaging alone. Clinical success was achieved in eight of nine patients. No major immediate or delayed complications were observed. PMID:12631644

  7. Success or Failure of Primary Second/Foreign Language Programmes in Asia: What Do the Data Tell Us?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baldauf, Richard B., Jr.; Kaplan, Robert B.; Kamwangamalu, Nkonko; Bryant, Pauline

    2011-01-01

    Primary school second/foreign language (SL/FL) programmes in Asia, as well as in other parts of the world, are becoming more common, with many targeting English as the SL or FL. The pressures for such English language programmes come from top-down notions that in a globalised world English is required for societies to be competitive, especially…

  8. -Early primary succession on Mount St. Helens -107 Journal of Vegetation Science 6: 107-120, 1995

    E-print Network

    del Moral, Roger

    and created many new habitats. The Pumice Plain, a 20 km2 area on the north side of the volcano, bore to varied depths. Primary successional processes and recovery patterns on the Pumice Plain were described). This study describes vegetation on the Pumice Plain 13 yr after the eruption. Most sites are colonized

  9. Percutaneous Management of Occlusive Arterial Disease Associated with Vasculitis: A Single Center Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Both, M.; Jahnke, T. [Department of Radiology, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Kiel(Germany); Reinhold-Keller, E. [Department of Rheumatology, University of Luebeck, Rheumaklinik Bad Bramstedt (Germany); Reuter, M.; Grimm, J.; Biederer, J.; Brossmann, J. [Department of Radiology, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Kiel (Germany); Gross, W.L. [Department of Rheumatology, University of Luebeck, Rheumaklinik Bad Bramstedt (Germany); Heller, M.; Mueller-Huelsbeck, S. [Department of Radiology, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Kiel (Germany)

    2003-02-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty for occlusive arterial disease associated with vasculitis. Eleven patients(10 women, 1 man; ages 35-82 years) with the diagnosis of vasculitis of the large vessels underwent interventional treatment during intraarterial angiography. The causes included giant cell arteritis(n = 8) and Takayasu arteritis (n = 3).Thirty-three occlusive lesions (including brachiocephalic and renalarteries, and arteries of upper and lower extremities) were treated with balloon angioplasty and/or stent placement. Follow-up included clinical examination, angiography, and color duplex ultrasound.Technical success was 100% (25/25) for stenoses and 50% (4/8) for occlusive lesions, representing all lesions combined from different anatomic locations. Dissection (n = 3) and arterial rupture with retroperitoneal hematoma (n = 1) was found in three patients. During follow-up (mean 12 months), restenoses(n = 8) and re-restenoses (n = 1)occurred in 8 vascular areas. Three of these lesions were treated with repeated PTA (n = 4). The cumulative primary clinical success rate was 67.6%, cumulative secondary success rate 74.4%, and cumulative tertiary success rate 75.9%. Interventional therapy in systemic vasculitis provides promising results in technical success rates and followup. Angioplasty may result in arterial injury, but the rate of complications is low.

  10. Teachers' Practices, Values and Beliefs for Successful Inquiry-Based Teaching in the International Baccalaureate Primary Years Programme

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Twigg, Vani Veikoso

    2010-01-01

    Through narrative inquiry, this study investigated the role of personal and professional aspects of teaching and learning which teachers have developed and practiced, in relation to the dispositions, values, beliefs and knowledge that may assist them in successfully transforming to inquiry-based teaching, specifically in the implementation of the…

  11. Percutaneous mitral valve repair with the MitraClip system: acute results from a real world setting

    PubMed Central

    Tamburino, Corrado; Ussia, Gian Paolo; Maisano, Francesco; Capodanno, Davide; La Canna, Giovanni; Scandura, Salvatore; Colombo, Antonio; Giacomini, Andrea; Michev, Iassen; Mangiafico, Sarah; Cammalleri, Valeria; Barbanti, Marco; Alfieri, Ottavio

    2010-01-01

    Aims This study sought to evaluate the feasibility and early outcomes of a percutaneous edge-to-edge repair approach for mitral valve regurgitation with the MitraClip® system (Evalve, Inc., Menlo Park, CA, USA). Methods and results Patients were selected for the procedure based on the consensus of a multidisciplinary team. The primary efficacy endpoint was acute device success defined as clip placement with reduction of mitral regurgitation to ?2+. The primary acute safety endpoint was 30-day freedom from major adverse events, defined as the composite of death, myocardial infarction, non-elective cardiac surgery for adverse events, renal failure, transfusion of >2 units of blood, ventilation for >48 h, deep wound infection, septicaemia, and new onset of atrial fibrillation. Thirty-one patients (median age 71, male 81%) were treated between August 2008 and July 2009. Eighteen patients (58%) presented with functional disease and 13 patients (42%) presented with organic degenerative disease. A clip was successfully implanted in 19 patients (61%) and two clips in 12 patients (39%). The median device implantation time was 80 min. At 30 days, there was an intra-procedural cardiac tamponade and a non-cardiac death, resulting in a primary safety endpoint of 93.6% [95% confidence interval (CI) 77.2–98.9]. Acute device success was observed in 96.8% of patients (95% CI 81.5–99.8). Compared with baseline, left ventricular diameters, diastolic left ventricular volume, diastolic annular septal–lateral dimension, and mitral valve area significantly diminished at 30 days. Conclusion Our initial results with the MitraClip device in a very small number of patients indicate that percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair is feasible and may be accomplished with favourable short-term safety and efficacy results. PMID:20299349

  12. 21 CFR 870.1250 - Percutaneous catheter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...1250 Percutaneous catheter. (a) Identification. A percutaneous catheter is a device that is introduced into a vein or artery through the skin using a dilator and a sheath (introducer) or guide wire. (b) Classification. Class II...

  13. 21 CFR 870.1250 - Percutaneous catheter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...1250 Percutaneous catheter. (a) Identification. A percutaneous catheter is a device that is introduced into a vein or artery through the skin using a dilator and a sheath (introducer) or guide wire. (b) Classification. Class II...

  14. 21 CFR 870.1250 - Percutaneous catheter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...1250 Percutaneous catheter. (a) Identification. A percutaneous catheter is a device that is introduced into a vein or artery through the skin using a dilator and a sheath (introducer) or guide wire. (b) Classification. Class II...

  15. 21 CFR 870.1250 - Percutaneous catheter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...1250 Percutaneous catheter. (a) Identification. A percutaneous catheter is a device that is introduced into a vein or artery through the skin using a dilator and a sheath (introducer) or guide wire. (b) Classification. Class II...

  16. 21 CFR 870.1250 - Percutaneous catheter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...1250 Percutaneous catheter. (a) Identification. A percutaneous catheter is a device that is introduced into a vein or artery through the skin using a dilator and a sheath (introducer) or guide wire. (b) Classification. Class II...

  17. Clinical Evaluation of Success of Primary Teeth Pulpotomy Using Mineral Trioxide Aggregate®, Laser and BiodentineTM- an In Vivo Study

    PubMed Central

    Prasad, Madhu Ghanshyam; Vasa, Aron Arun Kumar; Divya, Gaddam; Thakur, Mukesh Singh; Saujanya, Kanithi

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Pulpotomy technique basically consists of removing the coronal pulp and fixing the radicular pulp with a medicament. It is the most widely accepted clinical procedure for treating primary teeth with coronal pulp inflammation caused by caries with no involvement of the radicular pulp. Aim To evaluate the success and efficacy of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA), Lasers and Biodentine as pulpotomy agents both clinically and radiographically. Materials and Methods In the present study, 60 primary molars in children whose pulpal status warranted pulpotomy were selected and randomly assigned into three groups that included MTA, Laser and Biodentine allocating 20 teeth to each group. The pulpotomy procedure was then performed on all selected teeth followed by restoration with stainless steel crowns. Later the patients were recalled for 3 months and 6 months for clinical and radiographic evaluation. Results Statistical analysis was done using Fisher exact test to determine pair wise comparison of three agents with respect to clinical and radiographic criteria. Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA, Mc Nemars test was applied to evaluate the efficacy of each agent between 3 months and 6 months. The results showed that maximum success rate was found in MTA group. However, the comparison between three groups was statistically not significant (p<0.05). Conclusion Pulpotomies performed with either MTA, Laser or Biodentine are equally efficient with similar clinical/radiographic success and hence can be considered as alternatives to Formocresol.

  18. [Chronic urinary retention in women caused by primary bladder neck obstruction : report of two cases treated successfully with transurethral resection of bladder neck].

    PubMed

    Momose, Hitoshi; Hoshiyama, Fumiaki; Morizawa, Yosuke; Toyoshima, Yuta; Takada, Satoshi; Fujimoto, Ken; Oyama, Nobuo; Okada, Noboru

    2013-01-01

    A 60-year-old female was referred to our hospital for the treatment of chronic urinary retention which had compelled her to continue clean intermittent self catheterization (CIC) for several years. After further examination including physical examinations, urodynamic study, cystography, and urethrocystoscopy, she was diagnosed with primary bladder neck obstruction (PBNO). Transurethral resection of the bladder neck (TURBN) was performed to relieve the bladder outlet obstruction and she was free from CIC thereafter. Another 61-year-old female on CIC was also referred to our hospital and diagnosed with PBNO through detailed examinations including urodynamics. She was also successfully relieved of CIC after TURBN. Primary bladder neck obstruction is a condition which can be effectively treated by a less-invasive procedure when properly diagnosed by urodynamic examination. Urologists must keep this rare condition in mind as a possible cause of chronic urinary retention in women. PMID:23412123

  19. Percutaneous renal tumour biopsy.

    PubMed

    Delahunt, Brett; Samaratunga, Hemamali; Martignoni, Guido; Srigley, John R; Evans, Andrew J; Brunelli, Matteo

    2014-09-01

    The use of percutaneous renal tumour biopsy (RTB) as a diagnostic tool for the histological characterization of renal masses has increased dramatically within the last 30 years. This increased utilization has paralleled advances in imaging techniques and an evolving knowledge of the clinical value of nephron sparing surgery. Improved biopsy techniques using image guidance, coupled with the use of smaller gauge needles has led to a decrease in complication rates. Reports from series containing a large number of cases have shown the non-diagnostic rate of RTB to range from 4% to 21%. Re-biopsy has been shown to reduce this rate, while the use of molecular markers further improves diagnostic sensitivity. In parallel with refinements of the biopsy procedure, there has been a rapid expansion in our understanding of the complexity of renal cell neoplasia. The 2013 Vancouver Classification is the current classification for renal tumours, and contains five additional entities recognized as novel forms of renal malignancy. The diagnosis of tumour morphotype on RTB is usually achievable on routine histology; however, immunohistochemical studies may be of assistance in difficult cases. The morphology of the main tumour subtypes, based upon the Vancouver Classification, is described and differentiating features are discussed. PMID:25041600

  20. Biotechnological reduction of sulfide in an industrial primary wastewater treatment system: A sustainable and successful case study

    SciTech Connect

    Rajamani, S. [Central Leather Research Institute, Madras (India)

    1996-12-31

    The leather industry is an important export-oriented industry in India, with more than 3,000 tanneries located in different clusters. Sodium sulfide, a toxic chemical, is used in large quantities to remove hair and excess flesh from hides and skins. Most of the sodium sulfide used in the process is discharged as waste in the effluent, which causes serious environmental problems. Reduction of sulfide in the effluent is generally achieved by means of chemicals in the pretreatment system, which involves aerobic mixing using large amounts of chemicals and high energy, and generating large volumes of sludge. A simple biotechnological system that uses the residual biosludge from the secondary settling tank was developed, and the commercial-scale application established that more than 90% of the sulfide could be reduced in the primary treatment system. In addition to the reduction of sulfide, foul smells, BOD and COD are reduced to a considerable level. 3 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  1. Percutaneous transluminal alcohol septal myocardial ablation after aortic valve replacement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sitges, M.; Kapadia, S.; Rubin, D. N.; Thomas, J. D.; Tuzcu, M. E.; Lever, H. M.

    2001-01-01

    When left ventricular outflow tract obstruction develops after aortic valve replacement, few treatment choices have been available until now. We present a patient with prior aortic valve replacement who developed left ventricle outflow tract obstruction that was successfully treated with a percutaneous transcoronary myocardial septal alcohol ablation. This technique is a useful tool for the treatment of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, especially in those patients with prior heart surgery. Copyright 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  2. Successful treatment of lymphoproliferative disease complicating primary immunodeficiency/immunodysregulatory disorders with reduced-intensity allogeneic stem-cell transplantation.

    PubMed

    Cohen, Jonathan M; Sebire, Neil J; Harvey, Julia; Gaspar, H Bobby; Cathy, Cale; Jones, Alison; Rao, Kanchan; Cubitt, David; Amrolia, Persis J; Davies, E Graham; Veys, Paul

    2007-09-15

    Lymphoproliferative disease (LPD) is a recognized complication of primary immunodeficiency (PID) and immunodysregulatory syndromes. Historically, it has a very poor outcome. For patients surviving LPD, myeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT) was the only cure for the underlying PID, with a high risk of developing posttransplantation complications, including recurrent lymphoproliferative disease. We describe 8 patients with a range of PID and immunodysregulatory syndromes complicated by LPD. After initial treatment of the LPD (including the use of anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, rituximab, in 6 of the patients), all patients underwent reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) SCT with prospective monitoring for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) viremia. After transplantation, 3 patients received rituximab, and 3 patients received prophylactic EBV-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes. Only 1 patient developed recurrent LPD posttransplantation, which responded to rituximab. All patients who underwent transplantation survive free of LPD and are cured of their PID at a median follow-up of 4 years (range, 1-7 years). With careful monitoring and pre-emptive therapy, we advocate this RIC SCT approach to patients with PID who have pre-existing EBV-LPD. PMID:17502458

  3. Patients receiving opioid maintenance treatment in primary care: successful chronic hepatitis C care in a real world setting

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Injection drug users (IDUs) represent a significant proportion of patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). The low treatment uptake among these patients results in a low treatment effectiveness and a limited public health impact. We hypothesised that a general practitioner (GP) providing an opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) for addicted patients can achieve CHC treatment and sustained virological response rates (SVR) comparable to patients without drug dependency. Methods Retrospective patient record analysis of 85 CHC patients who received OMT for more than 3 months in a single-handed general practice in Zurich from January 1, 2002 through May 31, 2008. CHC treatment was based on a combination with pegylated interferon and ribavirin. Treatment uptake and SVR (undetectable HCV RNA 6 months after end of treatment) were assessed. The association between treatment uptake and patient characteristics was investigated by multiple logistic regression. Results In 35 out of 85 CHC patients (52 males) with a median (IQR) age of 38.8 (35.0-44.4) years, antiviral therapy was started (41.2%). Median duration (IQR) of OMT in the treatment group was 55.0 (35.0-110.1) months compared to the group without therapy 24.0 (9.8-46.3) months (p<0.001). OMT duration remained a significant determinant for treatment uptake when controlled for potential confounding. SVR was achieved in 25 out of 35 patients (71%). Conclusion In addicted patients a high CHC treatment and viral eradication rate in a primary care setting in Switzerland is feasible. Opioid substitution seems a beneficial framework for CHC care in this “difficult to treat” population. PMID:23298178

  4. The value of percutaneous cholangiography

    PubMed Central

    Evison, Gordon; McNulty, Myles; Thomson, Colin

    1973-01-01

    Percutaneous cholangiograms performed on fifty patients in a district general hospital have been reviewed, and the advantages and limitations of the examination are described. The investigation is considered to have sufficient diagnostic value to warrant its inclusion in the diagnostic armamentarium of every general radiological department. ImagesFig. 1Fig. 2Fig. 3Fig. 4 PMID:4788917

  5. Percutaneous Therapy of Ureteral Obstructions and Leak After Renal Transplantation: Long-Term Results

    SciTech Connect

    Aytekin, Cueneyt, E-mail: cuneytaytekin@hotmail.com; Boyvat, Fatih; Harman, Ali; Ozyer, Umut [Faculty of Medicine, Baskent University, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Colak, Turan [Baskent University, Department of Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine (Turkey); Haberal, Mehmet [Baskent University, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine (Turkey)

    2007-11-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of percutaneous therapy of ureteral complications after renal transplantation. Between January 2000 and June 2006 we percutaneously treated 26 renal transplant patients with ureteral obstruction (n=19) and leak (n=7). Obstructions were classified as early (<2 months after transplantation) or late (>2 months). Patients with leak were treated with nephro-ureteral catheter placement and subsequent double-J stenting. Balloon dilatation, stent placement, and basket extraction were used to treat ureteral obstructions. Patients were followed with ultrasonography. No major procedure-related complication occurred. The mean follow-up time was 34.3 months (range: 6 to 74 months). Initial clinical success was achieved in all 19 patients with obstruction and 6 of 7 patients with leak. Four of 9 early obstructions and 4 of 10 late obstructions recurred during the follow-up. All recurrences were initially managed again with percutaneous methods, including cutting balloon technique and metallic stent placement. Although there was no recurrence in patients with successfully treated leak, stricture was seen at the previous leak site in two patients. These strictures were also successfully managed percutaneously. We conclude that in the treatment of ureteral obstruction and leak following renal transplantation, percutaneous therapy is an effective alternative to surgery. However, further interventions are usually needed to maintain long-term patency.

  6. The prognosis of periprocedural myocardial infarction after percutaneous coronary interventions.

    PubMed

    Zimarino, Marco; Affinito, Vincenzo

    2013-01-01

    An increase of biomarkers of myocardial necrosis is observed frequently after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) even when the procedure seems angiographically successful and otherwise uncomplicated. The recently updated Universal Definition of Myocardial infarction (MI) arbitrarily defined periprocedural MI (type 4a) by elevation of cardiac troponin (cTn) values >5 × the upper reference limit (URL) in patients with normal baseline values or a rise of cTn values >20% if the baseline values are elevated, together with either angina or new ECG changes or angiographic loss of patency of a coronary artery or a side branch or persistent slow or no-flow or embolization, or imaging demonstration of new loss of viable myocardium. Most frequent causes of such event are side-branch closure and/or plaque microembolization. The present review is focused on the prognostic implication of periprocedural necrosis. The risk related to a PCI-induced MI is significantly lower as compared to a spontaneous event where a similar increase of biomarkers is detected. Moreover, although an association between CK-MB elevations and adverse prognosis after PCI has been documented, existing data do not support the statement that an isolated elevation of troponins after PCI is associated with an adverse prognosis after PCI; increased troponin levels before PCI seem far more predictive of future events than a peri-procedural itself. Caution should be paid in the interpretation of clinical trials using type 4a MI as a primary endpoint. Nevertheless, patients with periprocedural myocardial damage should be treated as a higher-risk cohort, carefully monitored and receive an intensified secondary prevention program. PMID:23164601

  7. Percutaneous coil embolization of massive pelvic pseudoaneurysm in an infant.

    PubMed

    Lillis, Anna P; Shaikh, Raja; Alomari, Ahmad I; Chaudry, Gulraiz

    2015-06-01

    Iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm formation is an uncommon but potentially serious complication of cardiac catheterization. This case report describes diagnosis and treatment of a large left external iliac artery pseudoaneurysm in a 3-month-old boy following cardiac catheterization and aortic balloon dilatation for aortic coarctation. A 4-cm pulsatile mass in the left hemipelvis was discovered on MRI performed 6 weeks later for possible tethered spinal cord. Sonography and angiography showed a large pseudoaneurysm of the left external iliac artery just distal to the iliac bifurcation with no flow in the external iliac artery distal to the pseudoaneurysm. Percutaneous US-guided thrombin injection was performed twice, with partial recanalization after each treatment. The residual portion of the pseudoaneurysm was then successfully embolized with percutaneous coils deployed under US and fluoroscopic guidance. PMID:25308792

  8. Rare vascular perforation complicating radial approach to percutaneous coronary angioplasty.

    PubMed

    Farooqi, Fahad; Alexander, John; Sarma, Aditya

    2013-01-01

    A transradial arterial approach to coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention has become increasingly embraced by cardiologists as it is associated with decreased vascular complications and allows early mobilisation of patients when compared with transfemoral arterial access. Major vascular complication post-transradial access is uncommon. We describe a very rare case of perforation of the costocervical trunk (a branch of the right subclavian artery at the site of the thoracic inlet) presenting shortly after percutaneous transradial coronary intervention. The resulting rapidly expanding cervical haematoma caused airway compromise necessitating emergent intubation in the catheter laboratory recovery area. Transfemoral catheter coil embolisation of the feeder artery was successful in obliterating blood flow to the perforated vessel with eventual resolution of the neck haematoma. PMID:23362057

  9. Preliminary clinical trial in percutaneous nephrolithotomy using a real-time navigation system for percutaneous kidney access

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodrigues, Pedro L.; Moreira, António H. J.; Rodrigues, Nuno F.; Pinho, A. C. M.; Fonseca, Jaime C.; Lima, Estevão.; Vilaça, João. L.

    2014-03-01

    Background: Precise needle puncture of renal calyces is a challenging and essential step for successful percutaneous nephrolithotomy. This work tests and evaluates, through a clinical trial, a real-time navigation system to plan and guide percutaneous kidney puncture. Methods: A novel system, entitled i3DPuncture, was developed to aid surgeons in establishing the desired puncture site and the best virtual puncture trajectory, by gathering and processing data from a tracked needle with optical passive markers. In order to navigate and superimpose the needle to a preoperative volume, the patient, 3D image data and tracker system were previously registered intraoperatively using seven points that were strategically chosen based on rigid bone structures and nearby kidney area. In addition, relevant anatomical structures for surgical navigation were automatically segmented using a multi-organ segmentation algorithm that clusters volumes based on statistical properties and minimum description length criterion. For each cluster, a rendering transfer function enhanced the visualization of different organs and surrounding tissues. Results: One puncture attempt was sufficient to achieve a successful kidney puncture. The puncture took 265 seconds, and 32 seconds were necessary to plan the puncture trajectory. The virtual puncture path was followed correctively until the needle tip reached the desired kidney calyceal. Conclusions: This new solution provided spatial information regarding the needle inside the body and the possibility to visualize surrounding organs. It may offer a promising and innovative solution for percutaneous punctures.

  10. Coupling of primary producers, detritus, decomposer organisms and nitrogen availability during secondary succession: Progress report for period September 28, 1987-September 27, 1988

    SciTech Connect

    Redente, E.F.

    1988-06-01

    Secondary succession is a consequence of the interactions among primary producers, decomposers, detritus and abiotic components of the system over time. This study focuses on the interrelationships among above- and below-ground processes involved in semiarid ecosystem development. We found that the addition of nitrogen and phosphorus significantly reduced the production of perennial species while significantly increasing the production of annual and biennial plants. Three years of N addition have altered plant community composition, slowed the rate of secondary succession, and reduced the fungal component, of the microbial community. Early- and late-successional plant species differ in their maintenance of rhizosphere microbial communities. Under nutrient-limited conditions, early-successional species maintain larger microbial biomasses than late-successional species. This strategy may cause early-successional species to be less competitive than late-successional species under nutrient poor conditions because of the need for a greater amount of carbon to be released by early-successional species to maintain a rhizosphere community. Using P/N ratios we have demonstrated that mycorrhizal grasses in the field have enriched relative P nutrition. 52 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  11. Temporal-Spatial Variation and Controls of Soil Respiration in Different Primary Succession Stages on Glacier Forehead in Gongga Mountain, China

    PubMed Central

    Luo, Ji; Chen, Youchao; Wu, Yanhong; Shi, Peili; She, Jia; Zhou, Peng

    2012-01-01

    Soil respiration (SR) is an important process in the global carbon cycle. It is difficult to estimate SR emission accurately because of its temporal and spatial variability. Primary forest succession on Glacier forehead provides the ideal environment for examining the temporal-spatial variation and controlling factors of SR. However, relevant studies on SR are relatively scarce, and variations, as well as controlling factors, remain uncertain in this kind of region. In this study, we used a static chamber system to measure SR in six sites which represent different stages of forest succession on forehead of a temperate glacier in Gongga Mountain, China. Our results showed that there was substantial temporal (coefficient of variation (CV) ranged from 39.3% to 73.9%) and spatial (CV ranged from 12.3% to 88.6%) variation in SR. Soil temperature (ST) at 5 cm depth was the major controlling factor of temporal variation in all six sites. Spatial variation in SR was mainly caused by differences in plant biomass and Total N among the six sites. Moreover, soil moisture (SM), microbial biomass carbon (MBC), soil organic carbon (SOC), pH and bulk density could influence SR by directly or indirectly affecting plant biomass and Total N. Q10 values (ranged from 2.1 to 4.7) increased along the forest succession, and the mean value (3.3) was larger than that of temperate ecosystems, which indicated a general tendency towards higher-Q10 in colder ecosystems than in warmer ecosystems. Our findings provided valuable information for understanding temporal-spatial variation and controlling factors of SR. PMID:22879950

  12. Successful Tuberculosis Treatment Outcomes among HIV/TB Coinfected Patients Down-Referred from a District Hospital to Primary Health Clinics in Rural South Africa

    PubMed Central

    Jacobson, Karen B.; Moll, Anthony P.; Friedland, Gerald H.; Shenoi, Sheela V.

    2015-01-01

    Background HIV and tuberculosis (TB) coinfection remains a major public health threat in sub-Saharan Africa. Integration and decentralization of HIV and TB treatment services are being implemented, but data on outcomes of this strategy are lacking in rural, resource-limited settings. We evaluated TB treatment outcomes in TB/HIV coinfected patients in an integrated and decentralized system in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Methods We retrospectively studied a cohort of HIV/TB coinfected patients initiating treatment for drug-susceptible TB at a district hospital HIV clinic from January 2012-June 2013. Patients were eligible for down-referral to primary health clinics(PHCs) for TB treatment completion if they met specific clinical criteria. Records were reviewed for patients’ demographic, baseline clinical and laboratory information, past HIV and TB history, and TB treatment outcomes. Results Of 657(88.7%) patients, 322(49.0%) were female, 558(84.9%) were new TB cases, and 572(87.1%) had pulmonary TB. After TB treatment initiation, 280(42.6%) were down-referred from the district level HIV clinic to PHCs for treatment completion; 377(57.4%) remained at the district hospital. Retained patients possessed characteristics indicative of more severe disease. In total, 540(82.2%) patients experienced treatment success, 69(10.5%) died, and 46(7.0%) defaulted. Down-referred patients experienced higher treatment success, and lower mortality, but were more likely to default, primarily at the time of transfer to PHC. Conclusion Decentralization of TB treatment to the primary care level is feasible in rural South Africa. Treatment outcomes are favorable when patients are carefully chosen for down-referral. Higher mortality in retained patients reflects increased baseline disease severity while higher default among down-referred patients reflects failed linkage of care. Better linkage mechanisms are needed including improved identification of potential defaulters, increased patient education, active communication between hospitals and PHCs, and tracing of patients lost to follow up. Decentralized and integrated care is successful for carefully selected TB/HIV coinfected patients and should be expanded. PMID:25993636

  13. New instrumentation in percutaneous nephrolithotomy

    PubMed Central

    Pugh, Joseph W.; Canales, Benjamin K.

    2010-01-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the procedure of choice for removing large, complex, and/or multiple renal calculi. Since its first description in 1976, PCNL techniques and equipment have evolved to maximize procedural efficacy, safety, and reproducibility. We reviewed current literature from January 2004 to November 2009 using Medline search regarding PCNL instrumentation and technology. Additional equipment discovered during the review process without published Medline evidence was summarized from manufacturer brochures and data. Included in this review are summaries of intracorporeal lithotriptors and accessory equipment, stone manipulation devices, PCNL tract sealants, and a digital rigid nephroscope. The evolution of these devices from their predecessors has increased the instrumentation options for the treating urologist and may represent more effective technology for the percutaneous treatment of large renal stones. PMID:21116361

  14. Percutaneous Ablation in the Kidney

    PubMed Central

    Wood, Bradford J.; Gervais, Debra A.

    2011-01-01

    Percutaneous ablation in the kidney is now performed as a standard therapeutic nephron-sparing option in patients who are poor candidates for resection. Its increasing use has been largely prompted by the rising incidental detection of renal cell carcinomas with cross-sectional imaging and the need to preserve renal function in patients with comorbid conditions, multiple renal cell carcinomas, and/or heritable renal cancer syndromes. Clinical studies to date indicate that radiofrequency ablation and cryoablation are effective therapies with acceptable short- to intermediate-term outcomes and with a low risk in the appropriate setting, with attention to pre-, peri-, and postprocedural detail. The results following percutaneous radiofrequency ablation and cryoablation in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma are reviewed in this article, including those of several larger scale studies of ablation of T1a tumors. Clinical and technical considerations unique to ablation in the kidney are presented, and potential complications are discussed. © RSNA, 2011 PMID:22012904

  15. [Percutaneous, endovascular treatment of innominate artery lesions is a safe and effective procedure].

    PubMed

    Paukovits, Tamás Mirkó; Nemes, Balázs; Hüttl, Kálmán; Bérczi, Viktor

    2011-10-23

    Percutaneous endovascular treatment (transluminar balloon angioplasty with or without stent implantation) of innominate artery lesions has become the treatment of choice prior to surgery in the past decades. Authors present the diagnostics, treatment and follow-up of two patients as examples from their largest series in the literature. A 74-year-old male patient with a history of hyperlipidemia, hypertension, nicotine abuse and lower limb claudication was admitted because of acute upper limb claudication and dizziness. Physical examination revealed blood pressure difference of 30 mmHg between his arms, and poststenotic flow pattern in the common carotid artery with retrograde flow in the vertebral artery on carotid duplex scan. Diagnostic angiography showed 80% stenosis of the innominate artery, which was treated with percutaneous transluminar balloon angioplasty with stent implantation. Follow-up examination at 5 months showed no significant restenosis or neurological complication. The second patient was a 59-year-old smoker female patient with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus, who was evaluated for her upper limb claudication. Initial finding was the absence of radial pulse in the right side. Color duplex scan revealed proximal subocclusion, which was confirmed by angiography. In one stage, balloon angioplasty was made, with immediate pain relief. After 15 months the patient was symptom-free. These two cases demonstrate an excellent outcome of endovascular treatment of innominate artery lesions, as authors already reported in two retrospective studies. Balloon angioplasty with, or without stent deployment appears to be a safe procedure with excellent primary success rate. Review of international studies also indicates that endovascular therapy of the innominate artery is safe and effective. PMID:21983401

  16. Enoxaparin experience in percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Somani, V; Trivedi, S

    2008-01-01

    To investigate the efficacy and safety of enoxaparin in 135 consecutive patients who were undergoing emergency/non-emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), a prospective, observational study of procedural anticoagulation was carried out with enoxaparin in elective, primary PCI. Documentation of the in-hospital clinical and angiographic outcomes was performed in eligible patients undergoing elective or primary PCI. This data helped to capture how patients while on anticoagulation with enoxaparin were being managed. As this was a prospective observational registry and not a randomised controlled trial, there was no single hypothesis from which to calculate the minimum sample size required. We recorded outcomes with 135 consecutive patients undergoing PCI who were enrolled in the study. While analysing the results the points taken into consideration were: Patient demography, PCI, methods of haemostasis and timing of sheath removal, dose and timing of enoxaparin and clinical and angiographic outcome. Statistical analysis was performed using statistical analysis system (SAS) software. Enoxaparin when used in PCI, can be a safe alternative to unfractionated heparin (UFH). PMID:18705262

  17. Percutaneous peripheral laser angioplasty with a pulsed Nd:YAG laser and sapphire tips

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kvasnicka, Jan; Stanek, Frantisek; Boudik, Frantisek; Kubecek, Vaclav; Krivanek, Jiri; Keclik, Richard; Prochazkova, Helena; Hamal, Karel

    1990-07-01

    Percutaneous transluminal laser angioplasty with a pulsed Nd:YAG laser (1,064 nm wavelength, 100 jig pulse duration, up to 0.4 J per pulse, 10 Hz repetition rate) coupled to optical fibers with sapphire tips of 1.8, 2.2 and 2.9 mm diameter was performed in 17 chronic occlusions of iliac, femoral, popliteal and fibular arteries in 15 patients. Clinically the procedure was successful in 14 cases. The probe formed a primary channel of at least 2.0 mm width which was further dilated by conventional balloon catheter. Ankle/brachial systolic pressure index (ABPI) increased from 0.46 0.13 to 0.84 0.21 after the procedure. Two failures were due to an extensive dissection which occurred after balloon angioplasty and resulted in an early reocclusion. In the remaining case a balloon catheter could not be introduced through the 30 cm long primary channel which reoccluded shortly after the recanalization. The initial patency rate was 82 % and in 5 patients followed for more then 6 months the ABPI showed only a minor decrease. These first results are encouraging and it is likely that this method could become an important alternative to conventional balloon angioplasty.

  18. Percutaneous repair of paravalvular prosthetic regurgitation: patient selection, techniques and outcomes.

    PubMed

    Sorajja, Paul; Bae, Richard; Lesser, John A; Pedersen, Wesley A

    2015-05-01

    Paravalvular prosthetic regurgitation is common, affecting 5-10% of surgical prostheses and 40-70% of transcatheter valves. While many patients may suffer no significant morbidity, paravalvular prosthetic regurgitation can lead to heart failure and haemolytic anaemia, and, in some studies, has been associated with impaired survival. Over the past several years, percutaneous repair of paravalvular prosthetic regurgitation has been demonstrated to be a highly efficacious therapy. When performed in experienced centres, procedural success with percutaneous repair occurs in 90% of patients. Due to the complex nature of the techniques, there is a significant learning curve with a high potential for prolonged procedures (?2.5?h) and complications (?5%), although death is rare (?0.5%). Percutaneous repair of paravalvular prosthetic regurgitation requires a close collaboration between imaging specialists, surgeons and the interventional operators. Importantly, successful percutaneous repair obviates the need for open surgical correction, which can be high risk or prohibitive due to the need for reoperation in the setting of comorbidities. Herein, we discuss appropriate patient selection, the catheter-based techniques and outcomes of percutaneous repair for symptomatic paravalvular prosthetic regurgitation. PMID:25678496

  19. Fluoroscopy guided percutaneous renal access in prone position

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Gyanendra R; Maheshwari, Pankaj N; Sharma, Anshu G; Maheshwari, Reeta P; Heda, Ritwik S; Maheshwari, Sakshi P

    2015-01-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a very commonly done procedure for management of renal calculus disease. Establishing a good access is the first and probably the most crucial step of this procedure. A proper access is the gateway to success. However, this crucial step has the steepest learning curve for, in a fluoroscopy guided access, it involves visualizing a three dimensional anatomy on a two dimensional fluoroscopy screen. This review describes the anatomical basis of the renal access. It provides a literature review of all aspects of percutaneous renal access along with the advances that have taken place in this field over the years. The article describes a technique to determine the site of skin puncture, the angle and depth of puncture using a simple mathematical principle. It also reviews the common problems faced during the process of puncture and dilatation and describes the ways to overcome them. The aim of this article is to provide the reader a step by step guide for percutaneous renal access. PMID:25789297

  20. Human Thrombin Injection for the Percutaneous Treatment of Iatrogenic Pseudoaneurysms

    SciTech Connect

    Elford, Julian [Department of Radiology, DerrifordHospital, Plymouth PL6 8DH (United Kingdom); Burrell, Christopher [Department of Cardiology, DerrifordHospital, Plymouth PL6 8DH (United Kingdom); Freeman, Simon; Roobottom, Carl [Department of Radiology, DerrifordHospital, Plymouth PL6 8DH (United Kingdom)

    2002-03-15

    Purpose: Thrombin injection is becoming well established for the percutaneous management of iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms. All the published series to date use bovine thrombin,and there have been reports of adverse immunologic effects following its use. Our study aimed to assess the efficacy of human thrombin injection for pseudoaneurysm occlusion. Methods:Fourteen patients with iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms underwent a color Doppler ultrasound examination to assess their suitability for percutaneous human thrombin injection. Human thrombin 1000 IU was then injected into the pseudoaneurysm sac under sterile conditions and with ultrasound guidance. A further color Doppler ultrasound examination was performed 24 hr later to confirm occlusion. Results: All 14 pseudoaneurysms were successfully occluded by human thrombin injection. In two cases a second injection of thrombin was required,but there were no other complications, and all pseudoaneurysms remained occluded at 24 hr. Conclusion: Ultrasound-guided human thrombin injection is simple to perform, effective and safe. We recommend that human thrombin becomes the agent of choice for percutaneous injection into iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms.

  1. Percutaneous Lung Biopsy: Technique, Efficacy, and Complications

    PubMed Central

    Winokur, Ronald S.; Pua, Bradley B.; Sullivan, Brian W.; Madoff, David C.

    2013-01-01

    Computed tomography-guided percutaneous needle biopsy of the lung is an indispensable tool in the evaluation of pulmonary abnormalities due to its high diagnostic accuracy in the detection of malignancy. Percutaneous biopsy in the lung plays a critical role in obtaining pathologic proof of malignancy, guiding staging and planning treatment. This article reviews biopsy techniques and their related efficacy and complications. PMID:24436527

  2. Percutaneous penetration through slightly damaged skin

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jesper B. Nielsen

    2005-01-01

    Guidelines for experimental studies of percutaneous penetration prescribe optimal barrier integrity of the skin. The barrier integrity of the skin exposed in occupational or household situations is, however, not always ideal, and skin problems are among the most dominant reasons for absence from work. We have therefore evaluated an experimental model for percutaneous penetration through slightly damaged skin. The influence

  3. Results of percutaneous double-balloon mitral commissurotomy in one medical center in Tunisia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mohamed Ben Farhat; Fethi Betbout; Habib Gamra; Faouzi Maatouk; Mokdad Ayari; Ali Cherif; Mourad Jarrar; Habib Boussadia; Sonia Hammami; Iheb Chahbani

    1995-01-01

    Percutaneous balloon mitral commissurotomy was attempted in Tunisia, where rheumatic fever is still endemic, in 463 consecutive patients with severe rheumatic mitral valve stenosis. Their mean age ±SD was 33 ± 12 years (range 8 to 68), 324 patients (70%) were women, and 327 (71%) were in sinus rhythm. Valvotomy was technically successful in 454 patients (98%). The mean mitral

  4. Percutaneous Endovascular Stent-Graft for Iliac Pseudoaneurysm Following Lumbar Discectomy

    SciTech Connect

    Hong, Seong J.; Oh, Joo H.; Yoon, Yup [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, 1, Hoekidong, Dongdaemunku, Seoul 130-702 (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-11-15

    In a 24-year-old woman, an iliac pseudoaneurysm following lumbar discectomy was successfully treated by percutaneous placement of a self-expanding stent-graft. A postprocedural angiogram demonstrated complete exclusion of the pseudoaneurysm without leakage of contrast agent.

  5. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography in the investigation of the persistent postoperative bile leak

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Caroline M. Kissin; Alan Grundy

    1987-01-01

    Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTHC) is now a widely available, inexpensive investigation with a low incidence of complications, especially in the nonobstructed system, and a high success rate. Its role in the management of obstructive jaundice is well established but it is only infrequently performed in the investigation of persistent bile leakage following biliary tract surgery. Four cases are reported in

  6. Sclerotic Vertebral Metastases: Pain Palliation Using Percutaneous Image-Guided Cryoablation

    SciTech Connect

    Costa de Freitas, Ricardo Miguel, E-mail: ricardomcfreitas@gmail.com; Menezes, Marcos Roberto de [Instituto do Cancer do Estado de Sao Paulo, Department of Radiology (Brazil); Cerri, Giovanni Guido [Sirio Libanes Hospital, Department of Radiology (Brazil); Gangi, Afshin [Strasbourg University Hospital, Department of Radiology (France)

    2011-02-15

    Cryoablative therapies have been proposed to palliate pain from soft-tissue or osteolytic bone tumors. A case of a patient with painful thoracic and sacral spine sclerotic metastases successfully treated by image-guided percutaneous cryoablation with the aid of insulation techniques and thermosensors is reported in this case report.

  7. Percutaneous Endoscopic Retrieval and Replacement of a Knitted (Ultraflex) Biliary Stent

    SciTech Connect

    Sawada, Satoshi [Department of Radiology, University Hospital of the Ryukyus, 207 Uehara, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-01 (Japan); Kobayashi, Masami [Department of Radiology, Tottori University Hospital, 36-1 Nishimachi, Yonago 683 (Japan); Tanigawa, Noboru; Okuda, Yoshikazu; Mishima, Kazuya; Ohmura, Naoto; Kobayashi, Midori [Department of Radiology, University Hospital of the Ryukyus, 207 Uehara, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-01 (Japan)

    1997-09-15

    A knitted (Ultraflex) biliary stent became obstructed after 5 months causing recurrent jaundice in a 92-year-old man with pancreatic cancer. The obstructed stent was successfully removed percutaneously by retrieval forceps under guidance by an 8.4 Fr fiberoptic biliary endoscope. A new stent was placed. No complications were encountered.

  8. Pancreatic and biliary calculi: percutaneous treatment with tunable dye laser lithotripsy.

    PubMed

    Feldman, R K; Freeny, P C; Kozarek, R A

    1990-03-01

    Percutaneous tunable dye laser lithotripsy was used in two patients to successfully fragment a 2-cm left hepatic duct calculus and a 5-mm main pancreatic duct calculus. Tunable dye laser lithotripsy may prove to be a more effective alternative to mechanical lithotripsy. PMID:1968280

  9. Percutaneous Transthoracic Computed Tomography-Guided AICD Insertion in a Patient with Extracardiac Fontan Conduit

    SciTech Connect

    Murphy, Darra T., E-mail: darramurphy@me.com; Moynagh, Michael R. [Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Ireland); Walsh, Kevin P. [Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Department of Cardiology (Ireland); Noelke, Lars [Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, National Centre for Cardiothoracic Surgery (Ireland); Murray, John G. [Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Ireland)

    2011-02-15

    Percutaneous pulmonary venous atrial puncture was performed under computed tomography guidance to successfully place an automated implantable cardiac defibrillator into a 26-year-old patient with extracardiac Fontan conduit who had presented with two out-of-hospital cardiac arrests. The procedure avoided the need for lead placement at thoracotomy.

  10. Retrieval of Cement Embolus from Inferior Vena Cava After Percutaneous Vertebroplasty

    SciTech Connect

    Athreya, S., E-mail: sathreya@stjoes.c [St. Joseph's Healthcare, Department of Radiology (Canada); Mathias, N. [Gartnavel General Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Rogers, P. [Gartnavel General Hospital, Department of Surgery (United Kingdom); Edwards, R. [Gartnavel General Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

    2009-07-15

    Percutaneous vertebroplasty is an accepted treatment for painful vertebral compression fractures caused by osteoporosis and malignant disease. Venous leakage of cement and pulmonary cement embolism have been reported complications. We describe a paravertebral venous cement leak resulting in the deposition of a cement cast in the inferior vena cava and successful retrieval of the cement embolus.

  11. Retrieval of Cement Embolus from Inferior Vena Cava After Percutaneous Vertebroplasty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Athreya; N. Mathias; P. Rogers; R. Edwards

    2009-01-01

    Percutaneous vertebroplasty is an accepted treatment for painful vertebral compression fractures caused by osteoporosis and malignant disease. Venous leakage of cement and pulmonary cement embolism have been reported complications. We describe a paravertebral venous cement leak resulting in the deposition of a cement cast in the inferior vena cava and successful retrieval of the cement embolus.

  12. An Investigation into the Effect of Various Penetration Enhancers on Percutaneous Absorption of Piroxicam

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Seyed Alireza Mortazavi; Reza Aboofazeli

    Achieving a desirable percutaneous absorption of drug molecule is a major concern in formulating dermatological products. The use of penetration enhancers could provide a successful mean for this purpose. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of incorporating a few common penetration enhancers (in different concentrations) into a 0.5% w\\/w piroxicam (model drug) gel formulation, on the

  13. [Primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the uterine cervix successfully treated with rituximabplus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone chemotherapy-a case report].

    PubMed

    Hashimoto, Akari; Fujimi, Akihito; Kanisawa, Yuji; Matsuno, Teppei; Okuda, Toshinori; Minami, Shinya; Doi, Tadashi; Ishikawa, Kazuma; Uemura, Naoki; Jyomen, Yuko; Tomaru, Utano

    2013-12-01

    Primary malignant lymphoma of the uterine cervix is a rare disease, and the therapeutic strategy has not been clearly established. A 45-year old woman presented with vaginal bleeding and hypermenorrhea in January 2012. Physical examination revealed a mass in the pelvic cavity approximately the size of a neonate's head. Pelvic magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) showed a solid mass 11 cm in size in the uterine cervix with homogeneous low intensity on T1-weighted images, iso-high intensity on T2-weighted images, and heterogeneous iso-high intensity on gadolinium-diethylenetriaminepentaacetate(Gd- DTPA)-enhanced images. Multiple lymphadenopathy were also detected in the pelvis. The Papanicolaou smear indicated class 5 cervical cytology, and a subsequent histological examination by a punch biopsy of the cervix showed diffuse infiltration of medium- to large-sized mononuclear cells that stained positive for CD20 and CD79a and negative for CD3, CD5, and EBER. Bone marrow biopsy revealed no abnormality. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography(PET-CT)showed strong fluorodeoxyglucose(FDG)accumulation in the uterine cervix mass, and in the pelvic and right inguinal lymphadenopathy. The patient was diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the uterine cervix, Ann Arbor stage II AE. She was successfully treated with 8 courses of rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone(R-CHOP) chemotherapy, and maintains a complete remission. PMID:24335377

  14. Percutaneous embolization of a chylous leak from thoracic duct injury in a child.

    PubMed

    Snow, Aisling L; Uller, Wibke; Kim, Hueng Bae; Alomari, Ahmad I

    2014-08-01

    Postoperative chylous leak may result from thoracic duct injury during surgical procedures in the chest or neck and can be successfully treated with percutaneous embolization. We report the case of a child with persistent chylothorax and chyloperitoneum following multivisceral transplantation, which was performed due to unresectable inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the retroperitoneum. Intranodal lymphangiography was used to demonstrate the site of chylous leak from the lower segment of the thoracic duct and the leak resolved within days following percutaneous embolization of the thoracic duct. PMID:24385224

  15. Percutaneous Surgery of the Forefoot.

    PubMed

    Redfern, David; Vernois, Joel; Legré, Barbara Piclet

    2015-07-01

    This article describes some of the common techniques used in percutaneous surgery of the forefoot. Techniques such as minimally invasive chevron Akin osteotomy for correction of hallux valgus, first metatarsophalangeal joint cheilectomy, distal minimally invasive metatarsal osteotomies, bunionette correction, and hammertoe correction are described. This article is an introduction to this rapidly developing area of foot and ankle surgery. Less invasive techniques are continually being developed across the whole spectrum of surgical specialties. The surgical ethos of minimizing soft-tissue disruption in the process of achieving surgical objectives remains at the center of this evolution. PMID:26117570

  16. Percutaneous intervention for mitral regurgitation.

    PubMed

    Sarraf, Mohammad; Feldman, Ted

    2015-04-01

    Percutaneous treatment of mitral regurgitation (MR) is a promising alternative for patients with functional MR (FMR) who are not appropriate for surgery and are not responding to optimal medical therapy and cardiac resynchronization therapy. Unlike degenerative MR, where repair therapy is clearly preferred, the optimal approach for FMR has not been defined. Challenges for novel mitral repair devices are to demonstrate safety and superior efficacy to medical management in higher risk patients. Transcatheter mitral valve replacement is emerging as a feasible therapy, but requires significant additional clinical trials to define its place in treating heart failure related to MR. PMID:25834973

  17. Replacement of Mushroom Cage Gastrostomy Tube Using a Modified Technique to Allow Percutaneous Replacement with an Endoscopic Tube in Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    SciTech Connect

    Ammar, Thoraya [King's College Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Rio, Alan [King's College Hospital, Department of Dietetics (United Kingdom); Ampong, Mary Ann [King's College Hospital, Department of Neurosciences (United Kingdom); Sidhu, Paul S., E-mail: paulsidhu@nhs.ne [King's College Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

    2010-06-15

    Radiologic inserted gastrostomy (RIG) is the preferred method in our institution for enteral feeding in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Skin-level primary-placed mushroom cage gastrostomy tubes become tight with weight gain. We describe a minimally invasive radiologic technique for replacing mushroom gastrostomy tubes with endoscopic mushroom cage tubes in ALS. All patients with ALS who underwent replacement of a RIG tube were included. Patients were selected for a modified replacement when the tube length of the primary placed RIG tube was insufficient to allow like-for-like replacement. Replacement was performed under local anesthetic and fluoroscopic guidance according to a preset technique, with modification of an endoscopic mushroom cage gastrostomy tube to allow percutaneous placement. Assessment of the success, safety, and durability of the modified technique was undertaken. Over a 60-month period, 104 primary placement mushroom cage tubes in ALS were performed. A total of 20 (19.2%) of 104 patients had a replacement tube positioned, 10 (9.6%) of 104 with the modified technique (male n = 4, female n = 6, mean age 65.5 years, range 48-85 years). All tubes were successfully replaced using this modified technique, with two minor complications (superficial wound infection and minor hemorrhage). The mean length of time of tube durability was 158.5 days (range 6-471 days), with all but one patient dying with a functional tube in place. We have devised a modification to allow percutaneous replacement of mushroom cage gastrostomy feeding tubes with minimal compromise to ALS patients. This technique allows tube replacement under local anesthetic, without the need for sedation, an important consideration in ALS.

  18. Single-lead Percutaneous Peripheral Nerve Stimulation for the Treatment of Hemiplegic Shoulder Pain: A Case Series

    PubMed Central

    Chae, John; Wilson, Richard D.; Bennett, Maria E.; Lechman, Tina E.; Stager, Kathryn W.

    2012-01-01

    Objective Previous studies demonstrated the efficacy of Intramuscular Nerve therapy with a 4-lead percutaneous, peripheral nerve stimulation system in reducing hemiplegic shoulder pain. This case series investigates the feasibility of a less complex, single-lead approach in reducing hemiplegic shoulder pain. Methods Eight participants received one percutaneous intramuscular lead in the hemiparetic deltoid muscle and were then treated 6-hours/day for three weeks. The primary outcome measure was the Brief Pain Inventory (Short-Form) Question 3 (BPI3), which queries worst pain in the last week on a 0–10 numeric rating scale. Secondary outcomes included pain interference (BPI9) and Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form 36 (SF-36v2). Primary and secondary outcomes were assessed at end of treatment and 1 and 4-wks after end of treatment. Results All participants tolerated the treatment well with 96% compliance. All leads remained infection free and were removed intact at end of treatment. On average, participants exhibited 70% reduction in BPI3 at end of treatment and 61% reduction at 4-weeks after end of treatment. All participants satisfied the success criterion of at least a 2-point reduction in BPI3 at end of treatment. Longitudinal analysis revealed significant treatment effect for BPI3 (F=14.0, p<0.001), BPI9 (F=5.9, p<0.01) and the bodily pain domain of SF-36v2 (F=12.8, p<0.001). Conclusion This case series demonstrates the feasibility of a single-lead, 3-week Intramuscular Nerve therapy for the treatment of chronic hemiplegic shoulder pain. Additional studies are needed to further demonstrate safety, efficacy and long-term benefit, define optimal prescriptive parameters and dose, and expand clinical indications. PMID:22448759

  19. The inoperable valvular heart disease patient:the pluses and minuses of percutaneous valvular replacement.

    PubMed

    Fuster, Valentin; Goldbarg, Seth H; Hansalia, Riple J; Stevens, Gerin R; Tiyyagura, Satish R

    2006-08-01

    The spectrum of potentially successful treatment options for inoperable valvular disease is limited. Aortic valvuloplasty may offer temporary improvement in symptoms and some survival benefit in select non-surgical patients with aortic stenosis, but it does not improve long-term outcome. Mitral valve incompetence often responds well to surgical repair, though patients with significantly reduced left ventricular function have worsened outcomes. The design of a percutaneous implantable prosthetic heart valve is a promising alternative to valvuloplasty. Although not yet an established interventional method, Percutaneous Aortic Valve Replacement (PAVR) will likely take a position among the innovative catheter-based techniques currently in development. The appropriate clinical scenario for Percutaneous Mitral Valve Intervention (PMVI), however, may be significantly narrower. As with many other minimally invasive operations or procedures, the ethical considerations of a novel approach must be considered. PMID:19755254

  20. Subclavian Vein Cannulation Success Rate in Neonates and Children

    PubMed Central

    Aminnejad, Reza; Razavi, Seyed Sajjad; Mohajerani, Seyed Amir; Mahdavi, Seyed Alireza

    2015-01-01

    Background: Central vein cannulation allows the administration of large volumes of fluids in short times and at high osmolarities for rehydration, volume replacement, chemotherapy, and parenteral nutrition. Percutaneous central venous line insertion has replaced peripheral venous cut-down as the primary mode of short-term venous access in children. Objectives: The aim of our study was to delineate some aspects of this procedure as well as its success rate and relative risk in pediatrics. Patients and Methods: Totally, 3264 subclavian vein cannulations in neonates and children were analyzed regarding successful catheterization attempts and early complication rates after the procedure retrospectively in Mofid Hospital (Tehran, Iran). Results: There were 1340 newborn patients (first 28 days of life) in our study population. In these newborns, only 55 cannulations failed; one patient was complicated with pneumothorax; guide wires malfunctioned in 21 cases; and first- attempt cannulation success was reported in only 981 cases. In the remaining 1924 patients, between one month and 8 years old, only 14 attempts at the cannulation of the subclavian vein failed and 1655 cases had first-attempt cannulation success. Conclusions: The cannulation of the central vein in neonates and children in a skilled hand would be performed with great success rate and low complications.

  1. A Percutaneous Optical Imaging System to Track Reporter Gene Expression from Vasculatures In Vivo

    PubMed Central

    Kar, S.; Kumar, A.; Gao, F.; Qiu, B.; Zhan, X.; Yang, X.

    2006-01-01

    This study was to develop a percutaneous optical imaging system for tracking fluorescent reporter gene expression in vasculatures. We built a percutaneous optical imaging system that primarily comprised a 1.5-mm, semi-rigid, two-port optical probe. The performance of the optical probe was first tested in vitro with cell phantoms, and then the feasibility of the percutaneous optical imaging system was validated in vivo in eight femoral artery segments of two pigs. Green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene was locally delivered into four arterial segments, while saline was delivered to the four contralateral arterial segments as controls. The targeted arteries were localized using color Doppler, and thereafter the optical probe was positioned to the target arterial segments under ultrasound guidance. Optical imaging captures were obtained using different exposure times from 10–60 seconds. Subsequently, the GFP- and saline-targeted arteries were harvested for fluorescent microscopy confirmation. The percutaneous optical probe was successfully positioned at a distance of approximately 2 mm from the targets in all eight arteries. The in vivo imaging showed higher average signal intensity in GFP-treated arteries than in saline-treated arteries. This study demonstrates the potential using the percutaneous optical imaging system to monitor, in vivo, reporter gene expression from vasculatures. PMID:16822058

  2. Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in the Elderly

    PubMed Central

    Walsh, Simon J; McAuley, Kathy; Johnston, Paul W

    2007-01-01

    Objective To determine the clinical risks and procedural outcomes for elderly patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Method A retrospective case-load analysis was performed of all patients over the age of 80 years, undergoing PCI, over a two-year period, in a tertiary referral hospital. Patient demographics, procedural details and in-hospital complications were obtained by reviewing patient notes. Twelve-month outcomes were obtained from telephone follow-up to the general practitioners and all surviving patients. Results There were 55 procedures. Procedural risk was high, with a median TIMI risk score of four (IQR 3-6) and a median additive EuroSCORE of nine (IQR 8-10). There was a 95% angiographic success rate. There were no in-hospital complications. Median Canadian Cardiovascular Society angina class fell from four (IQR 3-4) to one (IQR 0-1). At one year there were twelve deaths (10 cardiovascular), eight of these occurred in patients who had incomplete revascularisation. Conclusion PCI can be performed in an elderly, high-risk population with a low in-hospital mortality and marked symptomatic benefit. However, there is a significant 1-year mortality, particularly in patients who are only suitable for partial revascularisation. PMID:17288300

  3. Percutaneous cervical nucleoplasty in the treatment of cervical disc herniation.

    PubMed

    Li, Jian; Yan, Deng-lu; Zhang, Zai-Heng

    2008-12-01

    Percutaneous disc decompression procedures have been performed in the past. Various percutaneous techniques such as percutaneous discectomy, laser discectomy, and nucleoplasty have been successful. Our prospective study was directly to evaluate the results of percutaneous cervical nucleoplasty (PCN) surgery for cervical disc herniation, and illustrate the effectiveness of PCN in symptomatic patients who had cervical herniated discs. From July of 2002 to June of 2005, 126 consecutive patients with contained cervical disc herniations have presented at the authors' clinic and treated by PCN. The patients' gender distribution for PCN was 65 male, 61 female. The age of patients ranged from 34 to 66 years (mean 51.9 +/- 10.2 years). The levels of involvement were 21 cases at C3-4, 30 cases at C4-5, 40 cases at C5-6, and 35 cases at C6-7. The clinical outcomes, pain reduction and the segment stability were all recorded during this study. A clinical outcome was quantified by the Macnab standard and using VAS. The angular displacement (AD) > or =11 degrees or horizontal displacement (HD) > or =3 mm was considered to be radiographically unstable. In the results of this study, puncture of the needle into the disc space was accurately performed under X-ray guidance in all cases. There was one case where the Perc-D Spine Wand had broken in the disc space during the procedure. The partial Perc-D Spine Wand, which had broken in the disc space could not be removed by the percutaneous cervical discectomy and thus remained there. There were no recurrent cases or complications in our series. Macnab standard results were excellent in 62 cases, good in 41 cases and fair in 23 cases. The rate of excellent and good was 83.73%. The VAS scores demonstrated statistically significant improvement in PCN at the 2-week, 1, 3, 6, and 12-month follow-up visits when compared to preoperational values (P < 0.01). There were no cases of instability following the PCN procedure. There was no significant difference in stability either preoperatively or postoperatively (P > 0.05). Our findings confirm that PCN for the treatment of cervical disc herniation results in a good outcome without any tampering of the stability of the cervical spine. Hence, PCN as a procedure is safe, minimally invasive, less traumatic, requiring less time with an excellent clinical outcome. PCN should be performed for those patients who fail conservative medical management including medication, physical therapy, behavioral management, psychotherapy, and who are unwilling to undergo a more invasive technique such as spinal surgery. PMID:18830638

  4. Balloon dilation of intrahepatic biliary strictures for percutaneous extraction of residual intrahepatic stones

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yong Lee; Byung Hee Lee; Jae Hyung Park; Chang Hae Suh

    1991-01-01

    Intrahepatic ductal strictures in cholangiohepatitis present an obstacle to successful removal of retained ductal stones via\\u000a T-tube tracts. We studied the effectiveness of stricture dilatation for stone removal.\\u000a \\u000a Fifteen patients with intrahepatic gallstones retained behind strictures underwent balloon dilatation of their strictures\\u000a to allow stone extraction. All had prior surfical T-tube placement allowing percutaneous access. Balloon dilatation was successful\\u000a in

  5. Visualization of Discrete Microinfarction After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Associated With Mild Creatine Kinase-MB Elevation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark J. Ricciardi; Edwin Wu; Charles J. Davidson; Kelly M. Choi; Francis J. Klocke; Robert O. Bonow; Robert M. Judd; Raymond J. Kim

    2010-01-01

    Background—Mild elevations in creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) are common after successful percutaneous coronary interventions and are associated with future adverse cardiac events. The mechanism for CK-MB release remains unclear. A new contrast-enhanced MRI technique allows direct visualization of myonecrosis. Methods and Results—Fourteen patients without prior infarction underwent cine and contrast-enhanced MRI after successful coronary stenting; 9 patients had procedure-related CK-MB elevation,

  6. Predicting vascular complications in percutaneous coronary interventions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Winthrop D Piper; David J Malenka; Thomas J Ryan; Samuel J Shubrooks; Gerald T O’Connor; John F Robb; Karen L Farrell; Mary S Corliss; Michael J Hearne; Mirle A Kellett; Matthew W Watkins; William A Bradley; Bruce D Hettleman; Theodore M Silver; Paul D McGrath; John R O’Mears; David E Wennberg

    2003-01-01

    ObjectivesUsing a large, current, regional registry of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), we identified risk factors for postprocedure vascular complications and developed a scoring system to estimate individual patient risk.

  7. [The effect of Taprostene on platelet activation and clinical course after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty].

    PubMed

    Heinz, M; Theiss, W; van de Flierdt, E; Söhngen, M

    1996-01-01

    In a double blind pilot study, we examined the effects of the stable prostacyclin derivate taprostene compared to a combination of aspirin and dipyridamole on platelet uptake and clinical outcome after peripheral percutaneous angioplasty. Taprostene was administered to 19 patients as a continuous intravenous infusion from 2 hours before until 8 (n = 6) or 24 (n = 6) hours after angioplasty; 7 control patients were given a combination of 330 mg aspirin and 75 mg dipyridamole. Uptake of 111-indium labelled platelets at the site of the PTA was measured 3 hours before and 4 and 24 hours after angioplasty. Clinical parameters were obtained one day before PTA, on the following day and 3 months after the procedure. There was a tendency for slightly higher platelet uptake ratios in the taprostene groups as compared to the control group especially in patients requiring technically difficult procedures. There were no differences between the 3 groups with regard to primary success or periinterventional complications. In the taprostene patients, 3 early reocclusions were found up to 72 hours after the procedure and 1 late reocclusion within 3 months. In the control group, no reocclusion was apparent in the observation time. No advantages were found when taprostene was administered during angioplasty as compared to conventional treatment with aspirine and dipyridamole. PMID:8851268

  8. Percutaneous needle biopsy of the irradiated skeleton

    SciTech Connect

    Edeiken, B.; deSantos, L.A.

    1983-03-01

    Percutaneous needle biopsy was performed in 20 patients who had radiologic abnormalities after irradiation of the skeleton. The biopsies were performed to determine the nature of the bone changes and to differentiate radiation necrosis from metastases or local tumor extension. Eleven patients had tumors, two of which were radiation-induced sarcomas; nine patients did not show evidence of tumor. One patient had osteomyelitis rather than the suspected tumor. The value of percutaneous needle biopsy in the postirradiated skeleton is discussed.

  9. Percutaneous absorption of uranium compounds.

    PubMed

    de Rey, B M; Lanfranchi, H E; Cabrini, R L

    1983-04-01

    Percutaneous absorption of soluble and insoluble uranium compounds has been induced in order to obtain information on penetration routes and the tissue injury produced by uranium salts. The high electron density of uranium provided a reliable way to visualize, by electron microscopy, the precise localization of the heavy compounds within the tissues. Few minutes after topical application of uranyl nitrate, dense deposits of uranium were observed at the epidermal barrier level. A few hours later, dense deposits were seen filling the intercellular spaces and were also scattered in the cytoplasm and nucleus. Mortality and body weight measurements indicated the high toxicity of uranyl nitrate and ammonium uranyl tricarbonate; uranyl acetate and ammonium diuranate were less toxic. As no penetration was achieved after uranium dioxide, no variations were detected on these parameters. PMID:6832127

  10. Diagnostic Value of Biopsy Techniques in Lumbar Spondylodiscitis: Percutaneous Needle Biopsy and Open Biopsy

    PubMed Central

    Nam, Kyoung Hyup; Han, In Ho; Choi, Byung Kwan; Cha, Seung Heon

    2011-01-01

    Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the diagnostic value of the open biopsy technique and the percutaneous biopsy techniques in lumbar spondylodiscitis. Methods Between January 2004 and December 2009, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 57 patients with infectious lumbar spondylodiscitis. The etiologic diagnosis of the infectious spondylodiscitis was obtained by two methods. Of 57 cases, twenty-seven patients underwent open biopsy and thirty patients underwent percutaneous needle biopsy including computed tomography (CT) - guided and fluoroscopy-guided needle aspiration. All biopsies were performed by experienced two neurosurgeons and one interventional radiologist. Results Of the 57 cases radiologically consistent with spinal infection, 29 (50.9%) biopsy specimens resulted in positive cultures and 28 (49.1%) returned negative cultures. According to the type of biopsy techniques, the culture-positive rate was higher (p=0.005) in the open biopsy group than the percutaneous needle biopsy group. 19 (70.4%) of 27 biopsy specimens were positive in the open biopsy group, and 10 (33.3%) of 30 biopsy specimens were positive in the percutaneous needle biopsy group. Furthermore, the open biopsy showed higher positive culture rate than the percutaneous needle biopsy in cases with administration of empirical antibiotics although there was no statistically significant (p=0.137). Conclusions Open biopsy should be considered for administration of organism-specific antibiotics for the successful treatment when percutaneous needle yield negative result. Furthermore, empirical antibiotics should be delayed until results of cultures unless the patient is severely septic, critically ill, neutropenic or neurologically compromised.

  11. Latest Data Show Strong Fertility Center Offers Region's Best IVF Success Rates! The Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART), the primary organization of

    E-print Network

    Goldman, Steven A.

    Latest Data Show Strong Fertility Center Offers Region's Best IVF Success Rates! The Society Fertility Center surpasses the national average for IVF in women under 35 years of age. Over 51% of embryo transfers in women under age 35 resulted in live births. In fact, Strong Fertility Center's IVF success

  12. A MANUAL INSERTION MECHANISM FOR PERCUTANEOUS COCHLEAR IMPLANTATION

    E-print Network

    Webster III, Robert James

    A MANUAL INSERTION MECHANISM FOR PERCUTANEOUS COCHLEAR IMPLANTATION Daniel Schurzig Vanderbilt. Webster III Vanderbilt University Nashville, TN, USA ABSTRACT Percutaneous Cochlear Implantation (PCI point. This precludes standard cochlear implant deployment techniques, and necessitates a new insertion

  13. Lumbar Facet Joint Synovial Cysts: Does T2 Signal Intensity Predict Outcomes after Percutaneous Rupture?

    PubMed Central

    Cambron, S.C.; McIntyre, J.J.; Guerin, S.J.; Li, Z.; Pastel, D.A.

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Lumbar facet synovial cysts are a cause of back pain and radiculopathy with facet joint degeneration, the most common cause for cyst formation. Typically, LFSCs are T2 hyperintense on MR imaging, but the signal intensity is variable. Treatment options include percutaneous rupture and surgical resection. This study evaluates the relationship between LFSC signal intensity on MR imaging and outcomes as it relates to percutaneous rupture success and need for subsequent surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective review of 110 patients who underwent CT fluoroscopic-guided rupture of symptomatic LFSCs was performed. The LFSCs were characterized by their T2 signal intensity on MR imaging and divided into 3 groups: high, intermediate, and low T2 signal intensity. The rates of successful cyst rupture and need for subsequent surgery were recorded. RESULTS Percutaneous LFSC rupture was technically successful in 87% of all cases. Cyst rupture was successful in 89% and 90% of high and intermediate signal intensity cysts, respectively, and in 65% of low signal intensity cysts (P = .017, .030). High signal intensity cysts had lower postprocedural surgical rates (29%) when compared with intermediate and low signal cyst as a group (P = .045). CONCLUSIONS T2 hyperintense and intermediate signal intensity LFSCs are easier to rupture, perhaps because the cysts contain a higher proportion of fluid and are less gelatinous or calcified than T2 hypointense cysts. Patients with T2 hyperintense LFSCs are less likely to need surgery. PMID:23449657

  14. Fiber optic bronchoscopy-assisted percutaneous tracheostomy: a decade of experience at a university hospital

    PubMed Central

    Romero, Carlos M.; Cornejo, Rodrigo; Tobar, Eduardo; Gálvez, Ricardo; Luengo, Cecilia; Estuardo, Nivia; Neira, Rodolfo; Navarro, José Luis; Abarca, Osvaldo; Ruiz, Mauricio; Berasaín, María Angélica; Neira, Wilson; Arellano, Daniel; Llanos, Osvaldo

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous tracheostomy by means of single-step dilation with fiber optic bronchoscopy assistance in critical care patients under mechanical ventilation. Methods Between the years 2004 and 2014, 512 patients with indication of tracheostomy according to clinical criteria, were prospectively and consecutively included in our study. One-third of them were high-risk patients. Demographic variables, APACHE II score, and days on mechanical ventilation prior to percutaneous tracheostomy were recorded. The efficacy of the procedure was evaluated according to an execution success rate and based on the necessity of switching to an open surgical technique. Safety was evaluated according to post-operative and operative complication rates. Results The mean age of the group was 64 ± 18 years (203 women and 309 males). The mean APACHE II score was 21 ± 3. Patients remained an average of 11 ± 3 days on mechanical ventilation before percutaneous tracheostomy was performed. All procedures were successfully completed without the need to switch to an open surgical technique. Eighteen patients (3.5%) presented procedure complications. Five patients experienced transient desaturation, 4 presented low blood pressure related to sedation, and 9 presented minor bleeding, but none required a transfusion. No serious complications or deaths associated with the procedure were recorded. Eleven patients (2.1%) presented post-operative complications. Seven presented minor and transitory bleeding of the percutaneous tracheostomy stoma, 2 suffered displacement of the tracheostomy cannula, and 2 developed a superficial infection of the stoma. Conclusion Percutaneous tracheostomy using the single-step dilation technique with fiber optic bronchoscopy assistance seems to be effective and safe in critically ill patients under mechanical ventilation when performed by experienced intensive care specialists using a standardized procedure.

  15. Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of spinal osteoid osteoma under CT guidance

    PubMed Central

    Morassi, L G; Kokkinis, K; Karargyris, O; Vlachou, I; Kalokairinou, K; Pneumaticos, S G

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Osteoid osteoma (OO) accounts for approximately 10–12% of all benign bone tumours and 3% of all bone tumours. Spinal involvement appears in 10–25% of all cases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of CT-guided radiofrequency (RF) ablation in the treatment of spinal OOs and report our experience. Methods: 13 patients suffering from spinal OO and treated at the authors' institution using CT-guided RF ablation were retrospectively evaluated. The RF probe was introduced through a 11-G Jamshidi® needle, and the lesion was heated at 90?°C for 6?min. Results: All procedures were considered technically successful as the correct positioning of the probe was proven by CT. 11 of the 13 patients reported pain relief after RF ablation. In two cases, RF ablation was repeated 1 month after the first procedure. Pain relief was achieved in both cases after the second procedure. No recurrence was reported throughout the follow-up. No complications like skin burn, soft-tissue haematoma, infection, vessel damage or neurological deficit were reported. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that CT-guided percutaneous RF ablation is a safe and effective method for the treatment of spinal OOs. Advances in knowledge: The data of this study support the efficacy and safety of the recently applied CT-guided percutaneous RF ablation technique for the treatment of spinal OOs. PMID:24712322

  16. Percutaneous drainage of pancreatic necrosis: is it ecstasy or agony?

    PubMed

    Mueller, P R

    1998-04-01

    The above comments are meant to help the reader further analyze the fine study of Freeny et al. [1]. To my knowledge, this is the first series to specifically define its patients correctly as having pure pancreatic necrosis. This work represents a thorough analysis of a difficult problem and points out how to treat these patients if one wants to be successful. This template is important to radiologists who wish to get involved with this type of patient. What Freeny et al. truly describe is the agony and ecstasy involved with this difficult undertaking. Radiologists can obtain a lot of satisfaction in taking care of this type of patient, but they and the referring physicians must be committed. The patient, the referring physician, and the radiologist must also face the agony in dealing with the illness. They must be ready to handle the number of catheters, the number of catheter changes, the number of CT scans, and the duration of drainage. In some cases percutaneous drainage will work; in some cases it is the only alternative for a patient with this disease. In other cases a catheter or two can be placed, but they might not be as beneficial to the patient as surgery. Clearly, percutaneous drainage of pancreatic necrosis can be done, and radiologists must work with their clinical colleagues to decide whether it is in the patient's best interest. PMID:9530047

  17. Acute gastric volvulus treated with laparoscopic reduction and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

    PubMed Central

    Jeong, Sang-Ho; Ha, Chang-Youn; Choi, Sang-Kyung; Hong, Soon-Chan; Jung, Eun-Jung; Ju, Young-Tae; Jeong, Chi-Young; Ha, Woo-Song

    2013-01-01

    Acute gastric volvulus requires emergency surgery, and a laparoscopic approach for both acute and chronic gastric volvulus was reported recently to give good results. The case of a 50-year-old patient with acute primary gastric volvulus who was treated by laparoscopic reduction and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy is described here. This approach seems to be feasible and safe for not only chronic gastric volvulus, but also acute gastric volvulus. PMID:23833761

  18. Diffuse intrahepatic recurrence after percutaneous radiofrequency ablation for solitary and small hepatocellular carcinoma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yoshiyuki Mori; Hideyuki Tamai; Naoki Shingaki; Kosaku Moribata; Tatsuya Shiraki; Hisanobu Deguchi; Kazuki Ueda; Shotaro Enomoto; Hiroto Magari; Izumi Inoue; Takao Maekita; Mikitaka Iguchi; Kimihiko Yanaoka; Masashi Oka; Masao Ichinose

    2009-01-01

    Two patients developed segmental, diffuse intrahepatic recurrence after percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) to treat\\u000a a primary, solitary, and small (2.5 cm) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Despite the size of the HCC, levels of the tumor markers\\u000a (?-fetoprotein, ?-fetoprotein-L3%, and des-?-carboxyprothrombin) were all elevated before RFA, and tumors in both patients\\u000a were contiguous with a major branch of the portal vein. Tumor biopsies

  19. Neurologic Complications in Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

    PubMed Central

    Basiri, Abbas; Soltani, Mohammad Hossein; Kamranmanesh, Mohammadreza; Tabibi, Ali; Mohsen Ziaee, Seyed Amir; Nouralizadeh, Akbar; Sharifiaghdas, Farzaneh; Poorzamani, Mahtab; Gharaei, Babak; Ozhand, Ardalan; Lashay, Alireza; Ahanian, Ali; Aminsharifi, Alireza; Sichani, Mehrdad Mohammadi; Asl-Zare, Mohammad; Ali Beigi, Faramarz Mohammad; Najjaran, Vahid; Abedinzadeh, Mehdi

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has been the preferred procedure for the removal of large renal stones in Iran since 1990. Recently, we encountered a series of devastating neurologic complications during PCNL, including paraplegia and hemiplegia. There are several reports of neurologic complications following PCNL owing to paradoxical air emboli, but there are no reports of paraplegia following PCNL. Materials and Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who had undergone PCNL in 13 different endourologic centers and retrieved data related to neurologic complications after PCNL, including coma, paraplegia, hemiplegia, and quadriplegia. Results The total number of PCNL procedures in these 13 centers was 30,666. Among these procedures, 11 cases were complicated by neurologic events, and four of these cases experienced paraplegia. All events happened with the patient in the prone position with the use of general anesthesia and in the presence of air injection. There were no reports of neurologic complications in PCNL procedures performed with the patient under general anesthesia and in the prone position and with contrast injection. Conclusions It can be assumed that using room air to opacify the collecting system played a major role in the occurrence of these complications. Likewise, the prone position and general anesthesia may predispose to these events in the presence of air injection. PMID:23526482

  20. Percutaneous Tumor Ablation with Radiofrequency

    PubMed Central

    Wood, Bradford J.; Ramkaransingh, Jeffrey R.; Fojo, Tito; Walther, McClellan M.; Libutti, Stephen K.

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND Radiofrequency thermal ablation (RFA) is a new minimally invasive treatment for localized cancer. Minimally invasive surgical options require less resources, time, recovery, and cost, and often offer reduced morbidity and mortality, compared with more invasive methods. To be useful, image-guided, minimally invasive, local treatments will have to meet those expectations without sacrificing efficacy. METHODS Image-guided, local cancer treatment relies on the assumption that local disease control may improve survival. Recent developments in ablative techniques are being applied to patients with inoperable, small, or solitary liver tumors, recurrent metachronous hereditary renal cell carcinoma, and neoplasms in the bone, lung, breast, and adrenal gland. RESULTS Recent refinements in ablation technology enable large tumor volumes to be treated with image-guided needle placement, either percutaneously, laparoscopically, or with open surgery. Local disease control potentially could result in improved survival, or enhanced operability. CONCLUSIONS Consensus indications in oncology are ill-defined, despite widespread proliferation of the technology. A brief review is presented of the current status of image-guided tumor ablation therapy. More rigorous scientific review, long-term follow-up, and randomized prospective trials are needed to help define the role of RFA in oncology. PMID:11900230

  1. Percutaneous Vertebroplasty for Pain Management in Patients with Multiple Myeloma: Is Radiofrequency Ablation Necessary?

    SciTech Connect

    Orgera, Gianluigi [Sapienza Rome University, Department of Radiology, S. Andrea Hospital (Italy); Krokidis, Miltiadis, E-mail: mkrokidis@hotmail.com [Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Trust, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Matteoli, Marco; Varano, Gianluca Maria [Sapienza Rome University, Department of Radiology, S. Andrea Hospital (Italy); La Verde, Giacinto [Sapienza Rome University, Department of Medical Oncology, S. Andrea Hospital (Italy); David, Vincenzo; Rossi, Michele [Sapienza Rome University, Department of Radiology, S. Andrea Hospital (Italy)

    2013-05-08

    PurposeThis study was designed to investigate the added role of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) to vertebroplasty on the pain management of patients with multiple myeloma (MM).MethodsThirty-six patients (51–82 years) with vertebral localization of MM were randomly divided into two groups: 18 patients (group A) who underwent RFA and then vertebroplasty, and 18 patients (group B) who underwent only vertebroplasty. Primary endpoints were technical success and pain relief score rate measured by the visual analogue pain scores (VAS) and Roland–Morris Questionnaire (RMQ); secondary endpoint was the amount of administered analgesia. Survival and complications were compared.ResultsTechnical success was 100 % in both groups. The VAS score (at 24 h and 6 weeks postprocedure) decreased in equal manner for both groups from a mean of 9.1–3.4 and 2.0 for group A and from a mean of 9.3–3.0 and 2.3 for group B; RMQ mean score was 19.8 for group A and 19.9 for group B and decreased to a mean of 9.6 and 8.2 for group A and 9.5 and 8.7 for group B. The amount of medication was equally decreased in the two groups. No statistically significant difference was noted. No major complication occurred and two patients died from other causes.ConclusionsThe use of percutaneous vertebroplasty alone appears to be effective for the pain management of the patients with vertebral involvement of multiple myeloma. The use of RFA that includes cost and time does not offer any clear added benefit on the midterm pain management of such patients.

  2. Use of percutaneous endoscopy to place syringopleural or cystoperitoneal cerebrospinal fluid shunts: technical note.

    PubMed

    Guest, James D; Silbert, Lisa; Casas, Carlos E

    2005-04-01

    The authors describe a technique for percutaneous endoscopic shunt placement to treat clinically symptomatic spinal cysts. Seven patients underwent the procedure--five with syringomyelia, one with a symptomatic perineurial cyst, and one with a large arachnoid cyst. In all patients the shunt was successfully placed, and clinical improvement occurred in six. In four patients the entire procedure was performed endoscopically, whereas in three conversion to an open surgical exposure was required for safe access of a syrinx cavity. Overall, however, the pleural or peritoneal catheter was successfully placed endoscopically in all seven patients. There were two cases of postoperative positional headaches of which one required valve revision. In one case the catheter migrated and required repositioning. Percutaneous endoscopic shunt placement appears feasible in appropriately selected patients. PMID:15871494

  3. Percutaneous implantation of (125)iodine seeds for treatment of portal vein tumor thrombosis in hepatocellular carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Liu, Yan; Liu, Ruibao; Wang, Ping; Li, Shijie; Shen, Haiyang

    2015-08-01

    The aim of the study is to evaluate the practicability and therapeutic efficacy of (125)iodine seeds implantation percutaneously for portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Nineteen patients with HCC accompanied with PVTT received ultrasound-guided implantation of 8-30 (125)iodine seeds, 8 mm apart within the portal vein tumor thrombi. The patients were followed up postoperatively for a period of 3-22 months. The successful rates of the procedure, postoperative changes of liver and renal function, hemogram, complications and therapeutic response were monitored. (125)I seeds were successfully implanted in the portal veins in all patients without serious complications. During the follow-up period, the portal vein tumor thrombi all shrunk obviously. Percutaneous implantation of (125)iodine seeds into the portal vein is an effective and safe treatment for PVTT accompanying HCC. PMID:26152896

  4. CT-guided percutaneous aspiration of Tarlov cyst as a useful diagnostic procedure prior to operative intervention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J.-Y. Lee; P. Impekoven; W. Stenzel; M. Löhr; R.-I. Ernestus; N. Klug

    2004-01-01

    Summary Tarlov or perineural cysts are lesions of the nerve root most often found in the sacral region. Several authors recommend surgical treatment of symptomatic Tarlov cysts. However, successful surgical treatment is dependent on appropriate patient selection. In this article, we report three cases of a sacral perineural cyst, causing sciatic pain, and emphasize the usefulness of CT-guided percutaneous aspiration

  5. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in a patient with vasospasm secondary to coccidioidal meningitis: case report and review of the literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yin C Hu; C Benjamin Newman; Ruth Bristol; Cameron G McDougall; Felipe C Albuquerque

    2010-01-01

    IntroductionCoccidioidomycosis is secondary to infection with fungal species Coccidioides immitis or Coccidioides posadasii. One consequence of extrapulmonary coccidioidomycosis dissemination is meningitis, which is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality if left untreated. Intracranial vasospasm, although rarely described, can occur and may be a result of vasculitic or subacute fibrotic changes. We describe a case of successful percutaneous transluminal

  6. Thermal Protection During Percutaneous Thermal Ablation Procedures: Interest of Carbon Dioxide Dissection and Temperature Monitoring

    SciTech Connect

    Buy, Xavier; Tok, Chung-Hong; Szwarc, Daniel; Bierry, Guillaume; Gangi, Afshin, E-mail: gangi@rad6.u-strasbg.f [University Hospital of Strasbourg, Department of Radiology B (France)

    2009-05-15

    Percutaneous image-guided thermal ablation of tumor is widely used, and thermal injury to collateral structures is a known complication of this technique. To avoid thermal damage to surrounding structures, several protection techniques have been reported. We report the use of a simple and effective protective technique combining carbon dioxide dissection and thermocouple: CO{sub 2} displaces the nontarget structures, and its low thermal conductivity provides excellent insulation; insertion of a thermocouple in contact with vulnerable structures achieves continuous thermal monitoring. We performed percutaneous thermal ablation of 37 tumors in 35 patients (4 laser, 10 radiofrequency, and 23 cryoablations) with protection of adjacent vulnerable structures by using CO{sub 2} dissection combined with continuous thermal monitoring with thermocouple. Tumor locations were various (19 intra-abdominal tumors including 4 livers and 9 kidneys, 18 musculoskeletal tumors including 11 spinal tumors). CO{sub 2} volume ranged from 10 ml (epidural space) to 1500 ml (abdominal). Repeated insufflations were performed if necessary, depending on the information given by the thermocouple and imaging control. Dissection with optimal thermal protection was achieved in all cases except two patients where adherences (one postoperative, one arachnoiditis) blocked proper gaseous distribution. No complication referred to this technique was noted. This safe, cost-effective, and simple method increases the safety and the success rate of percutaneous thermal ablation procedures. It also offers the potential to increase the number of tumors that can be treated via a percutaneous approach.

  7. Outpatient percutaneous nephrolithotomy in a renal transplant patient: World’s first case

    PubMed Central

    McAlpine, Kristen; Leveridge, Michael J.; Beiko, Darren

    2015-01-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is an established safe and effective surgical treatment option for renal calculi in renal allografts. The advent of tubeless PCNL has led to reports of ambulatory or outpatient PCNL. This case report describes the successful outpatient management of a 49-year-old female with a symptomatic renal pelvic calculus in her transplanted kidney. Tubeless PCNL successfully removed the stone, free of complication, and the patient was discharged 2 hours and 17 minutes after the procedure in stable condition with minimal pain. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the first successful case of outpatient tubeless PCNL in a transplanted kidney.

  8. Outpatient percutaneous nephrolithotomy in a renal transplant patient: World's first case.

    PubMed

    McAlpine, Kristen; Leveridge, Michael J; Beiko, Darren

    2015-01-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is an established safe and effective surgical treatment option for renal calculi in renal allografts. The advent of tubeless PCNL has led to reports of ambulatory or outpatient PCNL. This case report describes the successful outpatient management of a 49-year-old female with a symptomatic renal pelvic calculus in her transplanted kidney. Tubeless PCNL successfully removed the stone, free of complication, and the patient was discharged 2 hours and 17 minutes after the procedure in stable condition with minimal pain. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the first successful case of outpatient tubeless PCNL in a transplanted kidney. PMID:26029308

  9. Pseudoaneurysm following percutaneous balloon angioplasty for aortic arch recoarctation after the Norwood procedure.

    PubMed

    Yamanaka, Katsuhiro; Yoshimura, Naoki; Higuma, Tomonori; Ichida, Fukiko

    2012-05-01

    We experienced a rare case of 5-month-old male infant presenting with a pseudoaneurysm following percutaneous balloon angioplasty for aortic arch recoarctation after undergoing the Norwood procedure. The pseudoaneurysm, which measured 1 cm in diameter, was located between the left carotid artery and the left subclavian artery. Under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest, resection of the pseudoaneurysm and reconstruction of the neoaortic arch were performed successfully. PMID:22453542

  10. Percutaneous Management of a Long Saphenous Vein Graft Aneurysm: A Case Report and Review of Literature

    PubMed Central

    Panetta, Carmelo J.; Schneider, Williaim; Boller, Max A.

    2009-01-01

    Aneurysms of saphenous vein grafts are rare but can result in complications such as myocardial infarction or death. Percutaneous treatment has included a variety of approaches, including covered stents. Long aneurysms in saphenous vein grafts pose an additional challenge due to the lack of coronary covered stents with sufficient length. We present successful treatment of a long saphenous vein graft aneurysm with use of peripheral covered stents over two coronary guidewires, a 55-centimeter 8-French sheath and no guide catheter. PMID:19946630

  11. Retrieval of Cement Embolus from Inferior Vena Cava After Percutaneous Vertebroplasty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Athreya; N. Mathias; P. Rogers; R. Edwards

    2009-01-01

    Percutaneous vertebroplasty is an accepted treatment for painful vertebral compression fractures caused by osteoporosis and\\u000a malignant disease. Venous leakage of cement and pulmonary cement embolism have been reported complications. We describe a\\u000a paravertebral venous cement leak resulting in the deposition of a cement cast in the inferior vena cava and successful retrieval\\u000a of the cement embolus.

  12. Renal effects of percutaneous stone removal

    SciTech Connect

    Eshghi, M.; Schiff, R.G.; Smith, A.D.

    1989-02-01

    Preoperative and postoperative renography with 99mTechnetium-diethylene-triamine pentaacetic acid was performed on 33 patients who were free of renal scarring, infection, and obstruction and who underwent percutaneous renal stone removal. Although there was a transient decrease in renal function postoperatively in some patients, statistically significant reductions in renal function occurred only in 1 patient with an arteriovenous malformation that was embolized and in 1 patient who had a postoperative ureteropelvic junction stricture. The creation of more than one nephrostomy tract did not affect the results. In the absence of serious complications, percutaneous nephrostomy does not have a significant effect on renal function.

  13. Percutaneous Cryotherapy of Vascular Malformation: Initial Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Cornelis, F., E-mail: francoiscornelis@hotmail.com [Institut Bergonie, Department of Radiology (France); Neuville, A. [Institut Bergonie, Department of Pathology (France); Labreze, C. [Pellegrin Hospital, Department of Pediatric Dermatology (France); Kind, M. [Institut Bergonie, Department of Radiology (France); Bui, B. [Institut Bergonie, Department of Oncology (France); Midy, D. [Pellegrin Hospital, Department of Vascular Surgery (France); Palussiere, J. [Institut Bergonie, Department of Radiology (France); Grenier, N. [Pellegrin Hospital, Department of Radiology (France)

    2013-06-15

    The present report describes a case of percutaneous cryotherapy in a 36-year-old woman with a large and painful pectoral venous malformation. Cryoablation was performed in a single session for this 9-cm mass with 24 h hospitalisation. At 2- and 6-month follow-up, the pain had completely disappeared, and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a significant decrease in size. Percutaneous cryoablation shows promise as a feasible and apparently safe method for local control in patients with symptomatic venous vascular malformations.

  14. Nitrogen-fixers Alnus and Lupinus influence soil characteristics but not colonization by later successional species in primary succession on Mount St. Helens

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jonathan H. Titus

    2009-01-01

    Changes to the primary successional environment caused by colonizing plants that present symbiotic associations with nitrogen-fixing\\u000a bacteria were investigated at two areas on Mount St. Helens. One area was occupied by alder (Alnus viridis) thickets and old lupine (Lupinus lepidus) patches and the other area by young lupine patches and pumice barrens. Alder thicket soils had higher levels for a few soil

  15. Successful Treatment of Primary Cardiac Lymphoma by Rituximab-CHOP and High-Dose Chemotherapy with Autologous Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Atsushi Nonami; Katsuto Takenaka; Kenjiro Kamezaki; Toshihiro Miyamoto; Naoki Harada; Koji Nagafuji; Takanori Teshima; Mine Harada

    2007-01-01

    Primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL) is defined as lymphoma involving only the heart and\\/or pericardium, or with an intraperi-cardial\\u000a location of the main tumor mass. It is an extremely rare type of lymphoma and has a poor prognosis because of diagnostic delay\\u000a and the disease site. PCL is histologically characterized by a mostly diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The median survival time

  16. Brachial Artery Access for Percutaneous Renal Artery Interventions

    SciTech Connect

    Kaukanen, Erkki T.; Manninen, Hannu I.; Matsi, Pekka J.; Soeder, Heini K. [Department of Clinical Radiology, Kuopio University Hospital, SF-70211 Kuopio (Finland)

    1997-09-15

    Purpose: To evaluate the suitability of transbrachial access for endovascular renal artery interventions. Methods: During 37 consecutive endovascular renal artery interventions, the transbrachial approach was used on nine patients (mean age 63 years; range 41-76 years) for 11 renal artery procedures on native kidneys and one percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) on a transplanted kidney. The reason for using transbrachial access was a steep aorta-renal angle in five, and severe aorta-iliac atherosclerosis in the remaining patients. In addition to the intervention catheter in the left brachial artery, an additional nonselective catheter for controlling the procedure was inserted transfemorally (six patients) or via the contralateral brachial artery. Results: Eleven interventions (six PTAs, five stents) were successfully completed. The one failure resulted from impenetrable subclavian artery stenosis. The only major complication was a brachial artery pseudoaneurysm requiring surgical treatment. Conclusion: Transbrachial access is an effective and relatively safe technique for renal artery interventions when transfemoral access is not possible.

  17. Comparison between computed tomography, fluoroscopy, and ultrasonography for guiding percutaneous injection of the canine intervertebral disc.

    PubMed

    MacKenzie, Shawn D; Caswell, Jeff L; Brisson, Brigitte A; Gaitero, Luis; Chalmers, Heather J

    2014-01-01

    A minimally invasive method for delivering injectable therapeutic agents would be desirable for the treatment of intervertebral disc disease in dogs. The purpose of this study was to compare computed tomography (CT), ultrasonography (US), and fluoroscopy modalities for guiding percutaneous injection into canine intervertebral discs. Intervertebral discs of 14 dog cadavers were injected with a gelified ethanol therapeutic agent. Successful injectate placement and injectate leakage were determined based on necropsy inspection of discs. Injection into the nucleus pulposus was successful in 55 of 78 (71%) of all injected discs. Injections guided using CT and fluoroscopy were significantly more successful than US-guided injections. Odds of successful injection without leakage were greater for CT vs. US (P = 0.0026) but there was no significant difference between CT and fluoroscopy (P = 0.0620). Injection success rates did not differ among vertebral sites or dog cadavers of varying weights. Forty-nine (63%) of injection sites had injectate leakage outside the disc and 10 of these involved structures within the vertebral canal. The highest rate of injection success with the least amount of leakage was achieved with CT guidance. Findings indicated that CT, fluoroscopy, and US are feasible modalities for guiding percutaneous injection of a gelified ethanol therapeutic agent into the canine intervertebral disc, with moderate to high success rates for different regions of the spine. However, a moderately high rate of injectate leakage occurred outside of the disc and this should be taken into consideration for future safety and efficacy studies. PMID:24620815

  18. Cone-Beam Computed Tomography-Guided Percutaneous Radiologic Gastrostomy

    SciTech Connect

    Moehlenbruch, Markus; Nelles, Michael; Thomas, Daniel; Willinek, Winfried [University Hospital Bonn, Department of Radiology (Germany); Gerstner, Andreas [University of Bonn, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery (Germany); Schild, Hans H.; Wilhelm, Kai, E-mail: wilhelm@uni-bonn.d [University Hospital Bonn, Department of Radiology (Germany)

    2010-04-15

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of a flat-detector C-arm-guided radiographic technique (cone-beam computed tomography [CBCT]) for percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy (PRG) insertion. Eighteen patients (13 men and 5 women; mean age 62 years) in whom percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) had failed underwent CBCT-guided PRG insertion. PEG failure or unsuitability was caused by upper gastrointestinal tract obstruction in all cases. Indications for gastrostomy were esophageal and head and neck malignancies, respectively. Before the PRG procedure, initial C-arm CBCT scans were acquired. Three- and 2-dimensional soft-tissue reconstructions of the epigastrium region were generated on a dedicated workstation. Subsequently, gastropexy was performed with T-fasteners after CBCT-guided puncture of the stomach bubble, followed by insertion of an 14F balloon-retained catheter through a peel-away introducer. Puncture of the stomach bubble and PRG insertion was technically successful in all patients without alteration of the epigastric region. There was no malpositioning of the tube or other major periprocedural complications. In 2 patients, minor complications occurred during the first 30 days of follow-up (PRG malfunction: n = 1; slight infection: n = 1). Late complications, which were mainly tube disturbances, were observed in 2 patients. The mean follow-up time was 212 days. CBCT-guided PRG is a safe, well-tolerated, and successful method of gastrostomy insertion in patients in whom endoscopic gastrostomy is not feasible. CBCT provides detailed imaging of the soft tissue and surrounding structures of the epigastric region in one diagnostic tour and thus significantly improves the planning of PRG procedures.

  19. Multislice computed tomography vs. intravenous urography for planning supine percutaneous nephrolithotomy: A randomised clinical trial

    PubMed Central

    El-Wahab, Osama A.; El-Tabey, Magdy A.; El-Barky, Ehab; El-Baky, Shabieb A.; El-Falah, Adel; Refaat, Medhat

    2013-01-01

    Objective To compare the outcome of treatment planning using multislice computed tomography (CT) or intravenous urography (IVU) for supine percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Patients and methods The study included 60 patients with renal stones, all treated by supine PCNL, between March 2011 and October 2012. The patients were divided randomly into two equal groups; in group 1 30 patients had the PCNL access planned based on IVU findings, and in group 2 the PCNL access was planned based on multislice CT images. All patients were suitable for PCNL, based on a plain abdominal film and ultrasonography, and with a body mass index of <30 kg/m2. The exclusion criteria were renal anomalies and bleeding diathesis. All data from both groups for the mean time taken to gain percutaneous access, operative duration, fluoroscopic time, access difficulty, stone-free rate and intraoperative morbidity were collected and analysed statistically. Results The mean (SD) time taken to gain percutaneous access was longer in group 1 than group 2, at 22.2 (1.76) vs. 13.1 (1.62) min (P < 0.001), as were the operative duration, at 81.9 (14.9) vs. 58.8 (7.6) min (P < 0.001), and fluoroscopic time, at 3.5 (1.7) vs. 2.2 (1.3) min (P = 0.002). In group 1 there were four cases (13%) in which there were difficulties in establishing percutaneous access, while in group 2 there were none (P = 0.003). There was intraoperative morbidity in three patients (10%) in group 1 and two (7%) in group 2. Conclusion Multislice CT is a safer, more accurate and noninvasive imaging technique than IVU for mapping the pelvicalyceal system. It saves time and is essential in choosing the optimal percutaneous access into the pelvicalyceal system for a safe and successful PCNL. PMID:26019942

  20. Quadriparesis from air emboli during percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

    PubMed

    Hegland, Dustin L; Canales, Benjamin K; Katz, Robert I

    2014-06-01

    Quadriparesis is a potentially catastrophic complication during operative procedures. It may result from a number of different types of central nervous system insults. A case of quadriparesis following an otherwise unremarkable percutaneous nephrolithotomy surgery is reported. The quadriparesis resulted from multiple air micro emboli. PMID:24867800

  1. Pharmacodynamic Measurements of Methyl Nicotinate Percutaneous Absorption

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard H. Guy; Ethel Tur; Barry Bugatto; Caroline Gaebel; Lewis B. Sheiner; Howard I. Maibach

    1984-01-01

    The local kinetics of percutaneous absorption provide information of relevance to the treatment of skin diseases and to the potential efficacy of transdermally delivered chemotherapy for systemic effect. This paper describes two non-invasive procedures (laser Doppler velocimetry and photopulse plethysmography) which permit pharmacodynamic measurements of methyl nicotinate skin penetration to be made in vivo in man. The methods are sensitive

  2. Appropriateness of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Chan, Paul S.; Patel, Manesh R.; Klein, Lloyd W.; Krone, Ronald J.; Dehmer, Gregory J.; Kennedy, Kevin; Nallamothu, Brahmajee K.; Douglas Weaver, W.; Masoudi, Frederick A.; Rumsfeld, John S.; Brindis, Ralph G.; Spertus, John A.

    2012-01-01

    Context Despite the widespread use of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), the appropriateness of these procedures in contemporary practice is unknown. Objective To assess the appropriateness of PCI in the United States. Design, Setting, and Patients Multicenter, prospective study of patients within the National Cardiovascular Data Registry undergoing PCI between July 1, 2009, and September 30, 2010, at 1091 US hospitals. The appropriateness of PCI was adjudicated using the appropriate use criteria for coronary revascularization. Results were stratified by whether the procedure was performed for an acute (ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, non–ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, or unstable angina with high-risk features) or nonacute indication. Main Outcome Measures Proportion of acute and nonacute PCIs classified as appropriate, uncertain, or inappropriate; extent of hospital-level variation in inappropriate procedures. Results Of 500 154 PCIs, 355 417 (71.1%) were for acute indications (ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, 103 245 [20.6%]; non–ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, 105 708 [21.1%]; high-risk unstable angina, 146 464 [29.3%]), and 144 737 (28.9%) for nonacute indications. For acute indications, 350 469 PCIs (98.6%) were classified as appropriate, 1055 (0.3%) as uncertain, and 3893 (1.1%) as inappropriate. For nonacute indications, 72 911 PCIs (50.4%) were classified as appropriate, 54 988 (38.0%) as uncertain, and 16 838 (11.6%) as inappropriate. The majority of inappropriate PCIs for nonacute indications were performed in patients with no angina (53.8%), low-risk ischemia on noninvasive stress testing (71.6%), or suboptimal (?1 medication) antianginal therapy (95.8%). Furthermore, although variation in the proportion of inappropriate PCI across hospitals was minimal for acute procedures, there was substantial hospital variation for nonacute procedures (median hospital rate for inappropriate PCI, 10.8%; interquartile range, 6.0%–16.7%). Conclusions In this large contemporary US cohort, nearly all acute PCIs were classified as appropriate. For nonacute indications, however, 12% were classified as inappropriate, with substantial variation across hospitals. PMID:21730241

  3. Successful Removal of a Giant Skull Base Metastasis from Hepatocellular Carcinoma after Direct Ethanol Injection

    PubMed Central

    Isaka, Toshihiko; Nakagawa, Hidemitsu; Suzuki, Tsuyoshi; Yamada, Junji; Wada, Kouichi; Kadota, Tsuyoshi

    2000-01-01

    Skull metastases from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are extremely rich in vascularity, which sometimes makes surgery dangerous. For minimally invasive surgery, it is very important to diminish the intratumoral vascular flow preoperatively. We report the case of a 69-year-old man with a giant skull base metastasis from HCC that was successfully removed after two sessions of direct ethanol injection into the tumor as a preoperative treatment to diminish the intratumoral vascular flow. Direct ethanol injection is a modification of percutaneous ethanol injection therapy, which is widely used in the treatment of primary HCC. In this article, we describe in detail the practical procedures and the usefulness of this treatment for a giant skull base metastasis from HCC. ImagesFigure 1Figure 2Figure 3Figure 4Figure 5 PMID:17171106

  4. Measuring organizational and individual factors thought to influence the success of quality improvement in primary care: a systematic review of instruments

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Continuous quality improvement (CQI) methods are widely used in healthcare; however, the effectiveness of the methods is variable, and evidence about the extent to which contextual and other factors modify effects is limited. Investigating the relationship between these factors and CQI outcomes poses challenges for those evaluating CQI, among the most complex of which relate to the measurement of modifying factors. We aimed to provide guidance to support the selection of measurement instruments by systematically collating, categorising, and reviewing quantitative self-report instruments. Methods Data sources: We searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Health and Psychosocial Instruments, reference lists of systematic reviews, and citations and references of the main report of instruments. Study selection: The scope of the review was determined by a conceptual framework developed to capture factors relevant to evaluating CQI in primary care (the InQuIRe framework). Papers reporting development or use of an instrument measuring a construct encompassed by the framework were included. Data extracted included instrument purpose; theoretical basis, constructs measured and definitions; development methods and assessment of measurement properties. Analysis and synthesis: We used qualitative analysis of instrument content and our initial framework to develop a taxonomy for summarising and comparing instruments. Instrument content was categorised using the taxonomy, illustrating coverage of the InQuIRe framework. Methods of development and evidence of measurement properties were reviewed for instruments with potential for use in primary care. Results We identified 186 potentially relevant instruments, 152 of which were analysed to develop the taxonomy. Eighty-four instruments measured constructs relevant to primary care, with content measuring CQI implementation and use (19 instruments), organizational context (51 instruments), and individual factors (21 instruments). Forty-one instruments were included for full review. Development methods were often pragmatic, rather than systematic and theory-based, and evidence supporting measurement properties was limited. Conclusions Many instruments are available for evaluating CQI, but most require further use and testing to establish their measurement properties. Further development and use of these measures in evaluations should increase the contribution made by individual studies to our understanding of CQI and enhance our ability to synthesise evidence for informing policy and practice. PMID:23241168

  5. Percutaneous papillary large balloon dilation during percutaneous cholangioscopic lithotripsy for the treatment of large bile-duct stones: a feasibility study.

    PubMed

    Han, Jee Young; Jeong, Seok; Lee, Don Haeng

    2015-03-01

    When access to a major duodenal papilla or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography has failed, percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopic lithotripsy (PTCS-L) may be useful for removing common bile duct (CBD) stones. However, the feasibility and usefulness of percutaneous transhepatic papillary large-balloon dilation (PPLBD) during PTCS-L for the removal of large CBD stones has not been established. We aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of PPLBD for the treatment of large CBD stones. Eleven patients with large CBD stones in whom the access to the major papilla or bile duct had failed were enrolled prospectively. Papillary dilation was performed using a large (12-20 mm) dilation balloon catheter via the percutaneous transhepatic route. Post-procedure adverse events and efficacy of the stone retrieval were measured. The initial success rate of PPLBD was 100%. No patient required a basket to remove a stone after PPLBD. Electrohydraulic lithotripsy was required in 2 (18.2%) patients. The median time to complete stone removal after PPLBD was 17.8 min and no adverse events occurred after PPLBD. Asymptomatic hyperamylasemia was not encountered in any patients. This study indicates that PPLBD is safe and effective for removal of large CBD stones. PMID:25729250

  6. Drug and radiation sensitivity measurements of successful primary monolayer culturing of human tumor cells using cell-adhesive matrix and supplemented medium

    SciTech Connect

    Baker, F.L.; Spitzer, G.; Ajani, J.A.; Brock, W.A.; Lukeman, J.; Pathak, S.; Tomasovic, B.; Thielvoldt, D.; Williams, M.; Vines, C.

    1986-03-01

    The limitations of the agar suspension culture method for primary culturing of human tumor cells prompted development of a monolayer system optimized for cell adhesion and growth. This method grew 83% of fresh human tumor cell biopsy specimens, cultured and not contaminated, from a heterogeneous group of 396 tumors including lung cancer (93 of 114, 82%); melanoma (54 of 72, 75%); sarcoma (46 of 59, 78%); breast cancer (35 of 39, 90%); ovarian cancer (16 of 21, 76%); and a miscellaneous group consisting of gastrointestinal, genitourinary, mesothelioma, and unknown primaries (78 of 91, 86%). Cell growth was characterized morphologically with Papanicolaoustained coverslip cultures and cytogenetically with Giemsastained metaphase spreads. Morphological features such as nuclear pleomorphism, chromatin condensation, basophilic cytoplasm, and melanin pigmentation were routinely seen. Aneuploid metaphases were seen in 90% of evaluable cultures, with 15 of 28 showing 70% or more aneuploid metaphases. Colony-forming efficiency ranged between 0.01 and 1% of viable tumor cells, with a median efficiency of 0.2%. This culture system uses a low inoculum of 25,000 viable cells per well which permitted chemosensitivity testing of nine drugs at four doses in duplicate from 2.2 X 10(6) viable tumor cells and radiation sensitivity testing at five doses in quadruplicate from 0.6 X 10(6) cells. Cultures were analyzed for survival by computerized image analysis of crystal violet-stained cells. Drug sensitivity studies showed variability in sensitivity and in survival curve shape with exponential cell killing for cisplatin, Adriamycin, and etoposide, and shouldered survival curves for 5-fluorouracil frequently seen. Radiation sensitivity studies also showed variability in both sensitivity and survival curve shape. Many cultures showed exponential cell killing, although others had shouldered survival curves.

  7. Clinical application of percutaneous drainage in treating hepatocellular carcinoma with bile duct tumor thrombus

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Wei; Wen, Feng; Liang, Hongyuan; Shan, Ming

    2013-01-01

    Aim of the study This study aimed to evaluate the effect of percutaneous interventional treatment on obstructive jaundice caused by hepatocellular carcinoma with bile duct tumor thrombus. Material and methods A total of 16 patients with bile duct tumor thrombus were included in the current retrospective study. All the patients were subjected to percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD). Treatment included permanent external drainage, internal drainage and routine tube adjustment, and covered stents according to the patients’ clinical manifestations. Results The success rate of PTBD was 100%. Among all the patients, two were treated with permanent external drainage, seven were treated with internal drainage and routine tube adjustment, and seven were treated with detaining covered stents. All the drainage tubes were successfully pulled out from the patients receiving covered stents. Among all the 16 patients, the clinical symptoms and life quality of 12 patients (12/16, 75%) were improved. The average survival time of all the patients was 203.7 days (ranging from 30 days to 391 days) with the median survival time of 199.5 days. Conclusions Percutaneous interventional therapy for obstructive jaundice caused by hepatocellular carcinoma with bile duct tumor thrombus is a good choice. It improves patients’ life quality. Permanent external drainage, internal drainage, and covered stents are alternative methods which should be chosen according to the patient's condition. PMID:23788987

  8. Insertion of electrode array using percutaneous cochlear implantation technique: a cadaveric study Ramya Balachandran1

    E-print Network

    Webster III, Robert James

    Insertion of electrode array using percutaneous cochlear implantation technique: a cadaveric study-invasive technique, called percutaneous cochlear implantation (PCI), has been proposed that involves drilling: Percutaneous cochlear implantation, microstereotactic frame, minimally-invasive surgery. 1. INTRODUCTION

  9. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography in the investigation of the persistent postoperative bile leak.

    PubMed

    Kissin, C M; Grundy, A

    1987-01-01

    Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTHC) is now a widely available, inexpensive investigation with a low incidence of complications, especially in the nonobstructed system, and a high success rate. Its role in the management of obstructive jaundice is well established but it is only infrequently performed in the investigation of persistent bile leakage following biliary tract surgery. Four cases are reported in which the superior demonstration of biliary anatomy provided by PTHC allowed successful identification of the site of postoperative biliary leakage. We compared PTHC with other diagnostic imaging techniques available and conclude that it is a safe, accurate, and reliable technique. PMID:3596138

  10. Radiation Therapy-Induced Cardiovascular Disease Treated by a Percutaneous Approach

    PubMed Central

    Fiocca, Luigi; Coccato, Micol; Sirbu, Vasile; Vassileva, Angelina; Guagliumi, Giulio; Musumeci, Giuseppe; Terzi, Amedeo; Canu, Gianluca; Cerchierini, Elisa; Cugola, Diego; Valsecchi, Orazio

    2015-01-01

    We report the case of a 51-year-old woman, treated with radiotherapy at the age of two years, for a pulmonary sarcoma. Subsequently she developed severe aortic stenosis and bilateral ostial coronary artery disease, symptomatic for dyspnea (NYHA III functional class). Due to the prohibitive surgical risk, she underwent successful stenting in the right coronary artery and left main ostia with drug eluting stents and, afterwards, transcatheter aortic valve replacement with transfemoral implantation of a 23?mm Edwards SAPIEN XT valve. The percutaneous treatment was successful without complications and the patient is in NYHA II functional class at 2 years' follow-up, fully carrying out normal daily activities.

  11. Percutaneous Ablation for Small Renal Masses—Imaging Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Iannuccilli, Jason D.; Grand, David J.; Dupuy, Damian E.; Mayo-Smith, William W.

    2014-01-01

    Image-guided percutaneous thermal ablation is a safe and effective nephron-sparing alternative to surgical resection for the treatment of small renal tumors. Assessment of treatment efficacy relies heavily on interval follow-up imaging after treatment. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) both play a pivotal role in evaluating the treatment zone, identifying residual tumor, and detecting early and delayed procedure-related complications. This article discusses a surveillance imaging protocol for patients who undergo percutaneous thermal ablation of renal tumors, and also illustrates the typical appearances of both successfully treated tumors and residual disease on contrast-enhanced CT or MRI. In addition, it discusses the imaging appearance of potential early and delayed treatment-related complications to facilitate their prompt detection and management. PMID:24596440

  12. Unprotected Left Main Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in a 108-Year-Old Patient

    PubMed Central

    Rahman, Afzalur

    2014-01-01

    With the increase in life expectancy, the proportion of very elderly people is increasing. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in this age group, for which myocardial revascularization is often indicated. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the very elderly bears the inherent risks of complications and mortality, but the potential benefits may outweigh these risks. A number of observational studies, registries, and few randomized controlled trials have shown the safety and feasibility of PCI in octogenarians and nonagenarians. However, PCI is only rarely done in centenarians; so, the outcome of percutaneous coronary revascularization in this age group is largely unknown. PCI in a centenarian with complex CAD is described here; the patient presented with unstable angina despite optimum medical therapy, and surgery was declined. Good angiographic success was followed by non-cardiac complications, which were managed with a multidisciplinary approach. PMID:24653741

  13. Percutaneous transesophageal gastro-tubing for management of gastric leakage after sleeve gastrectomy.

    PubMed

    Oshiro, Takashi; Saiki, Atsuhito; Suzuki, Junichi; Satoh, Ayami; Kitahara, Tomoaki; Kadoya, Kengo; Moriyama, Ayako; Ooshiro, Mitsuru; Nagashima, Makoto; Park, Youngjin; Okazumi, Shinichi; Katoh, Ryoji

    2014-09-01

    Gastric leakage is a challenging complication of sleeve gastrectomy. Multimodal approaches, including drainage, clipping, and stenting of the leak, are occasionally insufficient. We report successful management of refractory gastric leakage using percutaneous transesophageal gastro-tubing (PTEG). Drainage and stenting proved inadequate for treating sleeve leakage near the esophagogastric junction in two patients. PTEG was finally performed, and enteral feeding was started on the following day. The patients were discharged within 1 week. The PTEG-tube was removed after confirming oral food intake. Both patients continue to do well without recurrence. PTEG was developed for patients who are unsuitable for percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy. PTEG provides decompression and permits enteral feeding in patients refractory to other endoscopic treatments. PTEG is an option for managing intractable sleeve leakage without surgery. PMID:24917053

  14. Prevention and treatment of bone cement-related complications in patients receiving percutaneous kyphoplasty

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Kaining; Shen, Yingchun; Ren, Yanjun; Zou, Debo

    2015-01-01

    Objective: This study is to investigate the complications and preventive measures of bone cement in percutaneous kyphoplasty for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 134 cases of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture patients treated with percutaneous kyphoplasty, which involved 182 vertebral fractures, was performed. The bone cement-related complications, the reasons causing these complications, and the preventive measures were investigated. Results: Successful operation was performed in all patients. Operative bone cement toxic reaction occurred in 1 patient. Different degrees of leakage of bone cement were found in 21 patients with 25 fractures and 1 case needed operation treatment. During the long term follow-up, bone necrosis absorption and cement drifted away which needed operation treatment was found in 1 patient with vertebral fracture. Thirteen adjacent vertebral fractures were found in 11 patients and 10 patients underwent operation treatment again. Conclusions: With careful surgery, complications associated with bone cement could be greatly reduced. PMID:25932175

  15. Percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty refined: use of a novel modified antegrade approach.

    PubMed

    Stratos, Konstantinos; Toutouzas, Konstantinos; Synetos, Andreas; Latsios, George; Stathogiannis, Konstantinos; Kaitozis, Odysseas; Drakopoulou, Maria; Mastrokostopoulos, Antonios; Anousakis-Vlachochristou, Nikolaos; Tsiachris, Dimitris; Papanikolaou, Aggelos; Sideris, Skevos; Tsiamis, Eleftherios; Tousoulis, Dimitrios

    2015-01-01

    Mitral stenosis usually occurs many years after an episode of rheumatic fever and it has an indolent course until its later stages, when it acutely worsens. The rates of mitral stenosis keep declining; nonetheless, the need for advanced and sophisticated treatment modalities still remains. Our group has been applying a novel modified antegrade approach for treating mitral valve stenosis and, although we have limited experience, the results thus far are favorable. We present the preliminary data of three patients who suffered from symptomatic mitral valve stenosis and underwent successful percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty with this novel modified antegrade approach. This method increases the safety and the efficacy of the procedure and has the same clinical results as other available percutaneous techniques. PMID:26021251

  16. Successful early unmanipulated haploidentical transplantation with reduced-intensity conditioning for primary graft failure after cord blood transplantation in hematologic malignancy patients.

    PubMed

    Tang, B L; Zhu, X Y; Zheng, C C; Liu, H L; Geng, L Q; Wang, X B; Ding, K Y; Yao, W; Tong, J; Song, K D; Zhang, L; Qiang, P; Sun, Z M

    2015-02-01

    Primary graft failure (pGF) is a frequent complication following cord blood transplantation (CBT). For those patients who will not experience autologous recovery, salvage transplantation should be performed as early as possible. However, standardized treatment protocols for pGF, such as the optimal stem cell source, preparative regimen and the ideal time for salvage transplantation, have yet to be determined. Therefore, we analyzed 17 hematologic malignancy patients who received unmanipulated haploidentical peripheral blood (PB) and BM transplantation with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) as a salvage therapy for pGF after CBT. The median interval between the two transplantations was 38 days. The RIC regimen for salvage transplantation consisted of fludarabine, antithymocyte globulin, CY and low-dose TBI. The neutrophil and plt engraftments were achieved in 14 (82.4%) and 13 (76.4%) patients, respectively. The cumulative incidences of grades II-IV and grades III-IV aGVHD were 35.3% and 17.6%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 29.4%. After a median follow-up of 43 months, 10 of 17 patients remained alive in CR. The cumulative incidence of TRM at 180 days was 29.4%. The probability of 3-year OS and leukemia-free survival was 57.5%. Our results show that unmanipulated haploidentical PB and BM transplantation under a RIC regimen is an effective treatment for pGF after CBT. PMID:25365067

  17. Percutaneous Transhepatic Removal of Bile Duct Stones: Results of 261 Patients

    SciTech Connect

    Ozcan, Nevzat, E-mail: nevzatcan@yahoo.com; Kahriman, Guven, E-mail: guvenkahriman@hotmail.com; Mavili, Ertugrul, E-mail: ertmavili@yahoo.com [Erciyes University, Department of Radiology, Medical Faculty (Turkey)

    2012-08-15

    Purpose: To determine the effectiveness of percutaneous transhepatic removal of bile duct stones when the procedure of endoscopic therapy fails for reasons of anatomical anomalies or is rejected by the patient. Methods: Between April 2001 and May 2010, 261 patients (138 male patients and 123 female patients; age range, 14-92 years; mean age, 64.6 years) with bile duct stones (common bile duct [CBD] stones = 248 patients and hepatolithiasis = 13 patients) were included in the study. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography was performed, and stones were identified. Percutaneous transhepatic balloon dilation of the papilla of Vater was performed. Then stones were pushed out into the duodenum with a Fogarty balloon catheter. If the stone diameter was larger than 15 mm, then basket lithotripsy was performed before balloon dilation. Results: Overall success rate was 95.7%. The procedure was successful in 97.5% of patients with CBD stones and in 61.5% of patients with hepatolithiasis. A total of 18 major complications (6.8%), including cholangitis (n = 7), subcapsular biloma (n = 4), subcapsular hematoma (n = 1), subcapsular abscess (n = 1), bile peritonitis (n = 1), duodenal perforation (n = 1), CBD perforation (n = 1), gastroduodenal artery pseudoaneurysm (n = 1), and right hepatic artery transection (n = 1), were observed after the procedure. There was no mortality. Conclusion: Our experience suggests that percutaneous transhepatic stone expulsion into the duodenum through the papilla is an effective and safe approach in the nonoperative management of the bile duct stones. It is a feasible alternative to surgery when endoscopic extraction fails or is rejected by the patient.

  18. Percutaneous Cryoablation of Small Hepatocellular Carcinoma with US Guidance and CT Monitoring: Initial Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Orlacchio, Antonio, E-mail: aorlacchio@uniroma2.it; Bazzocchi, Gabriele; Pastorelli, Daniela; Bolacchi, Francesca [University Hospital 'Tor Vergata', Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Angelico, Mario; Almerighi, Cristiana [University Hospital, Liver Unit (Italy); Masala, Salvatore; Simonetti, Giovanni [University Hospital 'Tor Vergata', Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Radiology (Italy)

    2008-05-15

    The purpose of this study was to retrospectively determine the safety and effectiveness of percutaneous cryoablation, monitored with computed tomography (CT) and ultrasonographic (US) guidance, for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Four patients with small HCCs underwent one percutaneous cryoablation treatment session monitored with CT and US guidance. All patients underwent pretreatment blood chemistry testing and imaging evaluation. We treated lesions with simultaneous insertion of multiple 17-G cryoprobes (two or three) and defined technical success when the extension of a visible iceball was beyond 5 mm from the tumor margin. Intralesional enhancement or tumoral size increase was defined as local progression compared with that on images obtained immediately after ablation. We evaluated complications and follow-up (at 1, 3, and 6 months). All patients survived without short- or long-term complications. Cryoablation was technically successful in all patients at the end of the procedure. During follow-up two patients developed disease recurrence. One patient developed local tumor progression on the margin of the lesion; the other, a new HCC. In the case of local tumor progression a new elevation of {alpha}-fetoprotein ({alpha}FP) levels occurred at first follow-up control. In the other case levels of {alpha}FP remained stable during the first 3 months after the procedure, then demonstrated a progressive increase in {alpha}FP levels beginning at the fourth month, without tumor evidence during CT control at 3 months. We conclude that percutaneous cryotherapy with US guidance and CT monitoring is a feasible, safe, and effective for treatment of HCC. If local ablative procedures of hepatic lesions are to be performed, percutaneous cryoablation, not laparotomic, should be discussed as an alternative therapeutic measure. Longer follow-up should provide proof of the effectiveness of this technique.

  19. Percutaneous Mechanical Support in Cardiogenic Shock: A Review

    PubMed Central

    Gilani, Fahad Syed; Farooqui, Sarah; Doddamani, Rajiv; Gruberg, Luis

    2015-01-01

    Cardiogenic shock (CS) is a life-threatening condition associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Pharmacological therapy is often the first line of treatment but mechanical support can provide substantial hemodynamic improvement in refractory CS. Percutaneous mechanical support devices are placed in a minimally invasive manner and provide life-saving assistance to the failing myocardium. We review the percutaneous devices currently available, the evidence behind their use, and the new advances in percutaneous technology being evaluated for the treatment of CS.

  20. Percutaneous Resection of Renal Urothelial Carcinoma Using Bipolar Electrocautery

    PubMed Central

    Kwan, Kevin G.; Chew, Ben H.; Luke, Patrick P.W.; Denstedt, John D.

    2006-01-01

    Percutaneous approaches to upper tract urothelial cancers have been performed in patients unsuitable for radical nephroureterectomy. We present the case of an 82-year-old man with significant comorbidities including dependency on a cardiac pacemaker. Without deactivating the pacemaker, we used bipolar cautery to percutaneously resect a large upper tract urothelial tumor in the renal pelvis. Bipolar cautery is a suitable method of percutaneous or transurethral resection in patients who are pacemaker dependent. PMID:17575777

  1. Accuracy of percutaneous lung biopsy for invasive pulmonary aspergillosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. A. Hoffer; Kenneth Gow; Patricia M. Flynn; Andrew Davidoff

    2001-01-01

    Background. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis is fulminant and often fatal in immunosuppressed patients. Percutaneous biopsy may select\\u000a patients who could benefit from surgical resection. Objective. We sought to determine the accuracy of percutaneous biopsy for pediatric invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. Materials and methods. We retrospectively reviewed 28 imaging-guided percutaneous biopsies of the lungs of 24 children with suspected pulmonary\\u000a aspergillosis. Twenty-two were

  2. Changes in Heart Rate Variability Parameters after Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Abrootan, Saeed; Yazdankhah, Saeed; Payami, Babak; Alasti, Mohammad

    2015-01-01

    Background: Patients with chronic stable angina often have a state of sympathetic hyperactivity. It is considered associated with myocardial ischemia and disappears after ischemia elimination. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in heart rate variability parameters, a noninvasive technique for the evaluation of the autonomic nervous system activity, after successful revascularization in these patients to evaluate this theory. Methods: The patients were enrolled among those who underwent successful percutaneous coronary intervention. Short-term heart rate variability analyses of all the patients were obtained, and time-domain indices (standard deviation of normal-to-normal intervals [SDNN], standard deviation of differences of successive R-R intervals [SDSD], root-mean square differences of successive R-R intervals [rMSSD], percentage of R-R intervals differing > 10 ms from the preceding one [PNN10], percentage of R-R intervals differing > 20 ms from the preceding one [PNN20], percentage of R-R intervals differing > 30 ms from the preceding one [PNN30], percentage of R-R intervals differing > 40 ms from the preceding one [PNN40], percentage of R-R intervals differing > 50 ms from the preceding one [PNN50], percentage of R-R intervals differing > 60 ms from the preceding one [PNN60], and percentage of R-R intervals differing > 70 ms from the preceding one [PNN70]) were analyzed. All the measurements were made before and after percutaneous coronary intervention. Results: This study included 64 patients, comprising 27 men and 37 women at a mean age of 56.8 ± 9.1 years. There was a significant difference only between pre- and post-revascularization SDNN (27.5 ± 19.72 vs. 41 ± 41.4; p value = 0.013). The other parameters showed no significant differences after successful coronary intervention. Conclusion : Our data indicate that the increase in SDNN in patients with stable angina pectoris undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention seems to be prominent.

  3. Percutaneous Transcatheter Closure of Ruptured Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm: Immediate Result and Long-Term Follow-Up.

    PubMed

    Sinha, Sudhir Chandra; Sujatha, Vipperla; Mahapatro, Anil Kumar

    2015-06-01

    There is scarcity of data on closure and long-term follow-up of percutaneous treatment of ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (RSOVA). In this article, we present our experience in percutaneous closure of this defect. Between December 2009 and July 2014, 11 cases of RSOVA were referred to our hospital. Eight of the 11 cases (72.7%) were considered for percutaneous closure. Seven of the eight (87.5%) patients underwent successful percutaneous closure. There were four females and three males in the age group of 16 to 48 years (mean 24.7?±?6.1 years). Associated defects were bicuspid aortic valve in one patient, mild preexisting aortic regurgitation in two patients, and healed infective endocarditis in one patient. Echocardiography revealed RSOVA from right coronary sinus (RCS) to right atrium (RA) in one patient (14.3%), RCS to right ventricular outflow in three patients (42.8%), and noncoronary sinus ruptured into RA in three patients (42.8%). All patients were symptomatic in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II to IV. The defect size ranged from 7 to 10?mm (mean 8.4?±?1.3 mm). The defects were closed from the venous side with device selection 2 to 4?mm higher than the defect size under fluoroscopy and transesophageal echocardiography guidance. Technical success was 87.5%. The mean device size was 12.0?±?1.6 mm/10.0?±?1.6 mm. Six out of seven patients (85.7%) had complete disappearance of shunt before discharge. During 1 to 55 months follow-up, all patients were in NYHA class I. There was no residual shunt, progression of AR or new AR, infective endocarditis or device embolization. Percutaneous closure of RSOVA appears to be a safe alternative to surgical therapy, with high technical success and excellent long-term outcome. PMID:26060380

  4. The impact of accreditation of primary healthcare centers: successes, challenges and policy implications as perceived by healthcare providers and directors in Lebanon

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background In 2009, the Lebanese Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) launched the Primary Healthcare (PHC) accreditation program to improve quality across the continuum of care. The MOPH, with the support of Accreditation Canada, conducted the accreditation survey in 25 PHC centers in 2012. This paper aims to gain a better understanding of the impact of accreditation on quality of care as perceived by PHC staff members and directors; how accreditation affected staff and patient satisfaction; key enablers, challenges and strategies to improve implementation of accreditation in PHC. Methods The study was conducted in 25 PHC centers using a cross-sectional mixed methods approach; all staff members were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire whereas semi-structured interviews were conducted with directors. Results The scales measuring Management and Leadership had the highest mean score followed by Accreditation Impact, Human Resource Utilization, and Customer Satisfaction. Regression analysis showed that Strategic Quality Planning, Customer Satisfaction and Staff Involvement were associated with a perception of higher Quality Results. Directors emphasized the benefits of accreditation with regards to documentation, reinforcement of quality standards, strengthened relationships between PHC centers and multiple stakeholders and improved staff and patient satisfaction. Challenges encountered included limited financial resources, poor infrastructure, and staff shortages. Conclusions To better respond to population health needs, accreditation is an important first step towards improving the quality of PHC delivery arrangement system. While there is a need to expand the implementation of accreditation to cover all PHC centers in Lebanon, considerations should be given to strengthening their financial arrangements as well. PMID:24568632

  5. Clinical Validation of Percutaneous Cochlear Implant Surgery: Initial Report

    PubMed Central

    Labadie, Robert F.; Noble, Jack H.; Dawant, Benoit M.; Balachandran, Ramya; Majdani, Omid; Fitzpatrick, J. Michael

    2015-01-01

    Objective Percutaneous cochlear implant surgery consists of a single drill path from the lateral mastoid cortex to the cochlea via the facial recess. We sought to clinically validate this technique in patients undergoing traditional cochlear implant surgery. Study Design Prospective clinical trial. Methods After institutional regulatory board approved protocols, five ears were studied via the following steps. 1) In the clinic under local anesthesia, bone-implanted anchors were placed surrounding each mastoid. 2) Temporal-bone computed tomography (CT) scans were obtained. 3) On the CT scans, paths were planned from the lateral mastoid cortex, through the facial recess, to the basal turn of the cochlea both “manually” and “automatically” using computer software. 4) Customized microstereotactic frames were rapid-prototyped to serve as drill guides constraining the drill to follow the appropriate path. 5) During cochlear implant surgery, after drilling of the facial recess, drill guides were mounted on the bone-implanted anchors. 6) Accuracy of paths was assessed via intraoperative photodocumentation. Results All surgical paths successfully traversed the facial recess and hit the basal turn of the cochlea. Distance in millimeters (average SD) from the midpoint of the drill to the facial nerve was 1.18 ± 0.68 for the “manual” path and 1.24 ± 0.44 mm for the “automatic” path and for the chorda tympani 0.986 ± 0.48 for the “manual” path and 1.22 ± 0.62 for the “automatic” path. Conclusions Percutaneous cochlear implant access using customized drill guides based on preoperative CT scans and image-guided surgery technology can be safely accomplished. PMID:18401279

  6. Minimally invasive fluoroscopic percutaneous peritoneal dialysis catheter salvage

    PubMed Central

    Narayan, Rajeev; Fried, Terrance; Chica, Gerardo; Schaefer, Mathew; Mullins, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Background Peritoneal dialysis catheter (PDC) dysfunction can often be treated fluoroscopically by manipulation with wire, balloon or stiff stylet, saving surgical intervention for refractory cases. We describe an enhanced percutaneous approach to PDC salvage that can lead to a more definitive intervention and salvage for cases refractory to fluoroscopic manipulation. Methods In five cases of PD catheter malfunction, the deep cuff was dissected free after a 0.035 hydrophilic wire was passed into the peritoneum through the PDC. Only the intraperitoneal portion of the PDC was explanted. The PDC was cleared of obstruction and omentum. The intraperitoneal portion of the PDC was reimplanted over wire via a peel-away sheath and the deep cuff sutured. Results Omental entrapment was present in three of five patients and fibrin occlusion in four of the five cases. All catheters were repaired successfully by the described technique. Post procedure, 3–5 days of lower volume, recumbent PD exchanges were performed prior to full-dose PD. No perioperative complications or leaks were noted. All PDCs were patent at 6 months. One patient required laparoscopy for recurrent omental wrapping 3 months post intervention. Conclusions PDC salvage in this manner is a cost-effective alternative to laparoscopic repair of PDCs failing catheter manipulation. The infection barrier afforded by the original superficial cuff and subcutaneous tunnel is maintained. PD can be resumed immediately. Only refractory cases need laparoscopy. This procedure allows for a more definitive correction of catheter migration and obstruction, avoids placement of a new PDC or temporary hemodialysis, is cost-effective and expands percutaneous options for dysfunctional PD catheters. PMID:25852887

  7. Cost Determinants of Percutaneous and Surgical Interventions for Treatment of Intermittent Claudication from the Perspective of the Hospital

    SciTech Connect

    Janne d'Othee, Bertrand [Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Department of Radiology, Cardiovascular Imaging and Intervention (United States)], E-mail: bjannedothee@partners.org; Morris, Michael F. [Banner Good Samaritan Hospital (United States); Powell, Richard J. [Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Department of Surgery (United States); Bettmann, Michael A. [Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Medical Center Boulevard, Department of Radiological Science (United States)

    2008-01-15

    Purpose. To identify pretreatment predictors of procedural costs in percutaneous and surgical interventions for intermittent claudication due to aortoiliac and/or femoropopliteal disease. Methods. A retrospective study was conducted in 97 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous or surgical interventions over 15 months at a tertiary care center. Nineteen clinical predictive variables were collected at baseline. Procedural costs (outcome) were assessed from the perspective of the hospital by direct calculation, not based on ratios of costs-to-charges. A multivariable regression model was built to identify significant cost predictors. Follow-up information was obtained to provide multidimensional assessment of clinical outcome, including technical success (arteriographic score) and clinical result (changes in ankle-brachial pressure index; cumulative patency, mortality, and complication rates). Results. The linear regression model shows that procedural costs per patient are 25% lower in percutaneous patients (versus surgical), 42% lower for patients without rest pain than for those with, 28% lower if treated lesions are unilateral (versus bilateral), 12% lower if the treated lesion is stenotic rather than occlusive, 34% higher in sedentary patients, and 11% higher in patients with a history of cardiac disease. After a mean clinical follow-up >2 years, between-group differences between percutaneous and surgical patients were small and of limited significance in all dimensions of clinical outcome. Conclusion. Predictors of clinical outcome are different from predictors of costs, and one should include both types of variables in the decision-making process. The choice of percutaneous versus surgical strategy, the presence of rest pain, and the bilaterality of the culprit lesions were the main pretreatment determinants of procedural costs. When possible choices of treatment strategy overlap, percutaneous treatment should provide an acceptable result that is less expensive (although not equal to surgery)

  8. Effect of the time to intervention on the outcome of thrombosed dialysis access grafts managed percutaneously

    PubMed Central

    Prologo, John David; Minwell, Gregory; Kent, Jillian; Pirasteh, Ali; Corn, David

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE We aimed to investigate the effect of the time interval from the clinical presentation of a thrombosed dialysis access graft to intervention on procedure success. MATERIALS AND METHODS Records from two academic institutions for patients who underwent percutaneous thrombectomy of occluded surgical hemodialysis graft access sites in interventional radiology from 2006 to 2011 were reviewed retrospectively. The following data were recorded: gender, age, time and date of the initial request for a thrombectomy and the procedure, age of the surgical access, angiographic outcome, and clinical outcome (successful or unsuccessful postinterventional dialysis). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to evaluate whether the time to intervention significantly affected the study endpoint. RESULTS In total, 268 percutaneous thrombectomies were performed in 139 patients. Of these 224 (83.5%) were categorized as successful and 44 (16.4%) as unsuccessful. The time to intervention was 19.9±30.1 vs. 22±35 hours for successful and unsuccessful procedures, respectively. The difference between the two was not significant, and there were also no significant differences in covariate distributions between successful and unsuccessful outcomes. CONCLUSION During the first 72 hours following clinical presentation of a thrombosed dialysis access graft, time to intervention may be considered independent of procedure outcome. PMID:24356296

  9. Percutaneous heart valves; past, present and future.

    PubMed

    Rozeik, M M; Wheatley, D J; Gourlay, T

    2014-09-01

    Percutaneous heart valves provide a promising future for patients refused surgery on the grounds of significant technical challenges or high risk for complications. Since the first human intervention more than 10 years ago, over 50 different types of valves have been developed. The CoreValve and Edwards SAPIEN valves have both experienced clinical trials and the latter has gained FDA approval for implantation in patients considered inoperable. Current complications, such as major vascular bleeding and stroke, prevent these valves from being commonly deployed in patients considered operable in conventional surgery. This review focuses on the past and present achievements of these valves and highlights the design considerations required to progress development further. It is envisaged that, with continued improvement in valve design and with increased clinical and engineering experience, percutaneous heart valve replacement may one day be a viable option for lower-risk operable patients. PMID:24637621

  10. Percutaneous Large Arterial Access Closure Techniques.

    PubMed

    McGraw, Charles J; Gandhi, Ripal T; Vatakencherry, Geogy; Baumann, Frederic; Benenati, James F

    2015-06-01

    Endovascular repair has replaced open surgical repair as the standard of care for treatment of abdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysms in appropriately selected patients owing to its decreased morbidity and length of stay and excellent clinical outcomes. Similarly, there is a progressive trend toward total percutaneous repair of the femoral artery using percutaneous suture-mediated closure devices over open surgical repair due to decreased complications and procedure time. This article describes the techniques of closure for large-bore vascular access most commonly used in endovascular treatment of abdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysms, but could similarly be applied to any procedure requiring large-bore arterial access, such as transcatheter aortic valve replacement. PMID:26070624

  11. Magnetic Navigation in Percutaneous Cardiac Intervention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. S. Patterson

    2010-01-01

    Magnetic navigation is the use of a magnetic fi eld to re-orientate a magnetically-enabled\\u000awire or device. The fi eld is directed by external magnets that are moved by a computercontrolled\\u000asystem. This technology could improve percutaneous coronary interventional\\u000aprocedures as it improves 3 specifi c and complementary capabilities, namely precise tip\\u000aadjustability, computer-enhanced, image-guided tip orientation, and computer–enhanced\\u000aimage

  12. Percutaneous intervention in the solitary kidney

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. M. Perlmutt; S. D. Braun; G. E. Newman; E. J. Oke; N. R. Dunnick

    1987-01-01

    The solitary kidney, either after nephrectomy or on a congential basis, may be impaired by infection, stones, obstruction,\\u000a and trauma. Because of the possibility of further renal compromise by damage of the remaining nephron units, there is reluctance\\u000a to utilize percutaneous techniques in cases of solitary kidney, and surgery is often used as an alternative. We report 15\\u000a cases of

  13. Percutaneous treatment of hydatid cysts (Echinococcus Granulosus)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Moncef Gargouri; Nejet Ben Amor; Ferid Ben Chehida; Azza Hammou; Hassen A. Gharbi; Mohamed Ben Cheikh; Hefdi Kchouk; Kamel Ayachi; Jean Yves Golvan

    1990-01-01

    A new method called PAIR (Puncture-Aspiration of cyst contents—Injection of hypertonic saline solution—Reaspiration) was used\\u000a as a percutaneous treatment of hydatid cysts. In 37 patients, 120 cysts were punctured. All patients had not been considered\\u000a surgical candidates. The cysts were localized in the liver, peritoneum, spleen, kidneys, muscles, and bones. In 70% of patients,\\u000a good results were obtained. Recurrence occurred

  14. Percutaneous retrieval of a right atrioventricular embolus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roger Philip Davies; James Harding; Rhonda Hassam

    1998-01-01

    Percutaneous retrieval of a 12-cm-long serpiginous clot lodged in the right atrium and ventricle is reported. Following bilateral\\u000a common femoral vein puncture, a Bird’s Nest cava filter was first positioned ready to deploy immediately below the renal veins\\u000a via the right femoral vein. From the left femoral vein, a Cook intravascular retrieval basket was advanced to the right atrium.\\u000a Under

  15. Percutaneous cervical nucleoplasty and percutaneous cervical discectomy treatments of the contained cervical disc herniation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Denglu YanJian; Jian Li; Haodong Zhu; Zhi Zhang; Lijun Duan

    2010-01-01

    Background  There were no studies in literature to compare the clinical outcomes of percutaneous nucleoplasty (PCN) and percutaneous cervical\\u000a discectomy (PCD) in contained cervical disc herniation.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A retrospective of patients with symptomatic contained cervical disc herniated were operated on with PCN and PCD from June\\u000a 2003 to July 2005. Two-hundred and four patients initially fulfilled the study criteria, and 28 patients

  16. Percutaneous Valve Replacement: Significance of Different Delivery Systems In Vitro and In Vivo

    SciTech Connect

    Attmann, Tim; Lutter, Georg, E-mail: lutter@kielheart.uni-kiel.de; Quaden, Rene [Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, School of Medicine (Germany); Jahnke, Thomas [Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, Department of Radiology, School of Medicine (Germany); Rumberg, Kristin; Cremer, Jochen [Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, School of Medicine (Germany); Muller-Hulsbeck, Stefan [Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, Department of Radiology, School of Medicine (Germany)

    2006-06-15

    Background and purpose. Percutaneous heart valve replacement is an exciting growing field in cardiovascular medicine yet still with some major problems. Only sophisticated improvement of the instruments could make it a real alternative to conventional surgery. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate different delivery devices for percutaneous heart valve replacement in vitro and in vivo. Methods. A catheter prototype designed by our group, and two commercially available devices for the delivery of esophageal stents and aortic endoprostheses, were tested. After in vitro experiments, an ovine animal model of transfemoral pulmonary valve implantation was established using biological valved self-expanding stents. Only the delivery device for aortic endografts (Medtronic, Talent, Santa Rosa, CA, USA) allowed fast in vitro procedures without material fatigue. This device was chosen for the in vivo tests. Results. Technical success was achieved in 9 of 10 animals (90%). One animal died after perforation of the ventricular wall. Orthotopic pulmonary placement was performed in 6 animals and intentional supravalvular valved stent placement in 3 animals. Conclusions. An adequate in vitro model for this evolving field of interventional heart valve replacement is presented. Furthermore, the present study pinpoints the key characteristics that are mandatory for a delivery system in percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation. With regard to the delivery device's ductility observed during this 'venous' study, an approach to transfemoral aortic valve implantation seems feasible.

  17. Image-Guided Percutaneous Bone Biopsy with a Simulated Van Sonnenberg Removable Hub System

    PubMed Central

    Ozdemir, Zeynep Maras; Kahraman, Aysegul Sagir; Baysal, Tamer; Kutlu, Ramazan; Ozturk, Mehmet Halil; Hekimoglu, Baki; Guvercinci, Meltem

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To retrospectively examine the success and complication rates associated with image-guided percutaneous bone biopsy with a simulated Van Sonnenberg removable hub system. Materials and Methods: During a 3.5-year period, 27 bone lesions at different anatomic locations with an indication for biopsy based on plain film, computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings were determined, and a total of 28 image-guided (fluoroscopy or CT) percutaneous biopsies were performed using a simulated Van Sonnenberg -removable hub system. This technique entailed the use of a cut-out Chiba needle hub that performed as a guide for the insertion of a larger needle. Either core and aspiration biopsy or core biopsy alone was utilized. Results: The procedure yielded diagnostic material 89% of the cases (48% infection, 22% benign lesions, and 19% malignant lesions). Combined use of core and aspiration biopsy resulted in a higher diagnostic accuracy as compared to core biopsy alone. No false positive or false negative diagnoses were observed. No serious complications such as neurological deficits, bleeding, or organ injury were observed. Conclusion: The simulated Van Sonnenberg removable hub system provides a useful technique for percutaneous bone biopsies and is particulary suitable for deep seated (such as vertebral) lesions with its ability to facilitate the accessibility of the lesion with its built-in guidance needle. The procedure is safe in light of the literature data. PMID:25745339

  18. A-scan ultrasound system for real-time puncture safety assessment during percutaneous nephrolithotomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodrigues, Pedro L.; Rodrigues, Nuno F.; Fonseca, Jaime C.; von Krüger, M. A.; Pereira, W. C. A.; Vilaça, João. L.

    2015-03-01

    Background: Kidney stone is a major universal health problem, affecting 10% of the population worldwide. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a first-line and established procedure for disintegration and removal of renal stones. Its surgical success depends on the precise needle puncture of renal calyces, which remains the most challenging task for surgeons. This work describes and tests a new ultrasound based system to alert the surgeon when undesirable anatomical structures are in between the puncture path defined through a tracked needle. Methods: Two circular ultrasound transducers were built with a single 3.3-MHz piezoelectric ceramic PZT SN8, 25.4 mm of radius and resin-epoxy matching and backing layers. One matching layer was designed with a concave curvature to work as an acoustic lens with long focusing. The A-scan signals were filtered and processed to automatically detect reflected echoes. Results: The transducers were mapped in water tank and tested in a study involving 45 phantoms. Each phantom mimics different needle insertion trajectories with a percutaneous path length between 80 and 150 mm. Results showed that the beam cross-sectional area oscillates around the ceramics radius and it was possible to automatically detect echo signals in phantoms with length higher than 80 mm. Conclusions: This new solution may alert the surgeon about anatomical tissues changes during needle insertion, which may decrease the need of X-Ray radiation exposure and ultrasound image evaluation during percutaneous puncture.

  19. Percutaneous Transhepatic Cholecystoscopic Lithotomy in the Management of Acute Cholecystitis Caused by Gallbladder Stones

    PubMed Central

    1998-01-01

    Percutaneous transhepatic cholecystic drainage (PTCCD) with percutaneous transhepatic cholecystoscopic lithotomy (PTCCSL) were performed in 53 patients with acute cholecystitis caused by gallbladder stones and studied stone removal rates, complications, endoscopic findings, and stone recurrence. The stones were successfully removed in 96% of the patients, and there were no serious complications. The coexistence of cancer was confirmed in three patients, and all cases were accurately diagnosed on the basis of uitrasonographic, endoscopic, and biopsy findings. The mean duration of follow-up after stone removal was 42 months, and the stone recurrence rate was 2.5%. Among the 39 patients followed up for at least 1 year, the gallbladder could be preserved with no evidence of sludge in patients in whom drainage was performed early after the onset of symptoms, those with a normal gallbladder after PTCCSL, and those with normal gallbladder contractility after PTCCSL. Sludge was present in patients with evidence of extensive areas of yellowish white fibers on percutaneous transhepatic cholecystoscopy. If instituted early after the onset of symptoms, PTCCD combined with PTCCSL was considered useful in the treatment of patients with acute cholecystitis associated with gallbladder stones. PMID:18493476

  20. Revisional Percutaneous Full Endoscopic Disc Surgery for Recurrent Herniation of Previous Open Lumbar Discectomy

    PubMed Central

    Chang, Ho-Guen; Rhee, Nam Kyou; Lim, Kwahn Sue

    2011-01-01

    Study Design A retrospective study. Purpose To determine the feasibility and effectiveness of revisional percutaneous full endoscopic discectomy for recurrent herniation after conventional open disc surgery. Overview of the Literature Repeated open discectomy with or without fusion has been the most common procedure for recurrent lumbar disc herniation. Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy for recurrent herniation has been thought of as an impossible procedure. Despite good results with open revisional surgery, major problems may be caused by injuries to the posterior stabilized structures. Our team did revisional full endoscopic lumbar disc surgery on the basis of our experience doing primary full endoscopic disc surgery. Methods Between February 2004 and August 2009 a total of 41 patients in our hospital underwent revisional percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy using a YESS endoscopic system and a micro-osteotome (designed by the authors). Indications for surgery were recurrent disc herniation following conventional open discectomy; with compression of the nerve root revealed by Gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging; corresponding radiating pain which was not alleviated after conservative management over 6 weeks. Patients with severe neurologic deficits and isolated back pain were excluded. Results The mean follow-up period was 16 months (range, 13 to 42 months). The visual analog scale for pain in the leg and back showed significant post-treatment improvement (p < 0.001). Based on a modified version of MacNab's criteria, 90.2% showed excellent or good outcomes. There was no measurable blood loss. There were two cases of recurrence of and four cases with complications. Conclusions Percutaneous full-endoscopic revisional disc surgery without additional structural damage is feasible and effective in terms of there being less chance of fusion and bleeding. This technique can be an alternative to conventional repeated discectomy. PMID:21386940

  1. Percutaneous external fixator pins with bactericidal micron-thin sol-gel films for the prevention of pin tract infection.

    PubMed

    Qu, Haibo; Knabe, Christine; Radin, Shula; Garino, Jonathan; Ducheyne, Paul

    2015-09-01

    Risk of infection is considerable in open fractures, especially when fracture fixation devices are used to stabilize the fractured bones. Overall deep infection rates of 16.2% have been reported. The infection rate is even greater, up to 32.2%, with external fixation of femoral fractures. The use of percutaneous implants for certain clinical applications, such as percutaneous implants for external fracture fixation, still represents a challenge today. Currently, bone infections are very difficult to treat. Very potent antibiotics are needed, which creates the risk of irreversible damage to other organs, when the antibiotics are administered systemically. As such, controlled, local release is being pursued, but no such treatments are in clinical use. Herein, the use of bactericidal micron-thin sol-gel films on metallic fracture fixation pins is reported. The data demonstrates that triclosan (2,4,4'-trichloro-2'-hydroxydiphenylether), an antimicrobial agent, can be successfully incorporated into micron-thin sol-gel films deposited on percutaneous pins. The sol-gel films continuously release triclosan in vitro for durations exceeding 8 weeks (longest measured time point). The bactericidal effect of the micron-thin sol-gel films follows from both in vitro and in vivo studies. Inserting percutaneous pins in distal rabbit tibiae, there were no signs of infection around implants coated with a micron-thin sol-gel/triclosan film. Healing had progressed normally, bone tissue growth was normal and there was no epithelial downgrowth. This result was in contrast with the results in rabbits that received control, uncoated percutaneous pins, in which abundant signs of infection and epithelial downgrowth were observed. Thus, well-adherent, micron-thin sol-gel films laden with a bactericidal molecule successfully prevented pin tract infection. PMID:26036176

  2. Results of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty for atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis: A follow-up study with duplex ultrasonography

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael J. Tullis; R. Eugene Zierler; David J. Glickerman; Robert O. Bergelin; Kim Cantwell-Gab; D. Eugene Strandness

    1997-01-01

    Purpose: The short and long-term anatomic results of percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) in the treatment of atherosclerotic renovascular disease have been poorly documented because of a lack of follow-up arteriography. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anatomic results of PTRA with serial duplex examinations.Methods: The records of 41 patients who underwent 52 primary PTRA procedures and

  3. Tubeless percutaneous renal surgery: review of first 112 patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jerry Limb; Gary C Bellman

    2002-01-01

    Objectives. To assess the outcome and safety of the first 112 patients undergoing tubeless percutaneous renal surgery.Methods. A total of 116 renal units in 112 patients underwent tubeless percutaneous renal surgery from December 1995 to November 2000 performed by a single urologist. The “tubeless” procedures consisted of nephrolithotripsy or endopyelotomy. An antegrade internal ureteral stent was placed during surgery, as

  4. Abdominal wall cellulitis and sepsis secondary to percutaneous cecostomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas J. Maginot; Philip N. Cascade

    1993-01-01

    We report 1 case of abdominal wall cellulitis and sepsis which developed following percutaneous placement of a Cope catheter\\u000a for cecal decompression in a patient with Ogilvie's syndrome. This case highlights that further laboratory investigation and\\u000a clinical evaluation are needed to determine the safest and most efficacious technique of percutaneous drainage.

  5. Malfunctioning Plastic Biliary Endoprosthesis: Percutaneous Transhepatic Balloon Pulling Technique

    PubMed Central

    Rossi, Umberto G.; Rigamonti, Paolo; Cariati, Maurizio

    2013-01-01

    Percutaneous transhepatic removal techniques for malfunctioning plastic biliary endoprosthesis are considered safe and efficient second-line strategies, when endoscopic procedures are not feasible. We describe the percutaneous transhepatic balloon pulling technique in a patient with an unresectable malignant hilar cholangiocarcinoma. PMID:23984158

  6. Carbon Dioxide and Gadopentetate Dimeglumine Venography to Guide Percutaneous Vertebroplasty

    SciTech Connect

    McGraw, J. Kevin; Strnad, Bradley T.; Patzik, Shayle B.; Silber, Jeffrey S.; LaValley, Antoinette L.; Boorstein, Jeffrey M. [Center for Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, St. Vincent Mercy Medical Center, 2213 Cherry Street, Toledo, OH 43608 (United States)

    2000-11-15

    Percutaneous vertebroplasty with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) is an effective procedure for relieving pain due to vertebral body compression fractures. The technique employs iodinated contrast venography to exclude needle placement directly within the basivertebral complex. We present two cases in which carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and gadopentetate dimeglumine venography was used to guide percutaneous vertebroplasty in patients with a contraindication to iodinated contrast.

  7. Percutaneous Image-Guided Ablation of Breast Tumors: An Overview

    PubMed Central

    Sag, Alan A.; Maybody, Majid; Comstock, Christopher; Solomon, Stephen B.

    2014-01-01

    Percutaneous non-surgical image-guided ablation is emerging as an adjunct or alternative to surgery in the management of benign and malignant breast tumors. This review covers the current state of the literature regarding percutaneous image-guided ablation modalities, clinical factors regarding patient selection, and future directions for research. PMID:25049447

  8. Percutaneous Endoscopic Holmium Laser Lithotripsy for Management of Complicated Biliary Calculi

    PubMed Central

    Healy, Kelly; Chamsuddin, Abbas; Spivey, James; Martin, Louis; Nieh, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Advances in endoscopic techniques have transformed the management of urolithiasis. We sought to evaluate the role of such urological interventions for the treatment of complex biliary calculi. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of all patients (n=9) undergoing percutaneous holmium laser lithotripsy for complicated biliary calculi over a 4-year period (12/2003 to 12/2007). All previously failed standard techniques include ERCP with sphincterotomy (n=6), PTHC (n=7), or both of these. Access to the biliary system was obtained via an existing percutaneous transhepatic catheter or T-tube tracts. Endoscopic holmium laser lithotripsy was performed via a flexible cystoscope or ureteroscope. Stone clearance was confirmed intra- and postoperatively. A percutaneous transhepatic drain was left indwelling for follow-up imaging. Results: Mean patient age was 65.6 years (range, 38 to 92). Total stone burden ranged from 1.7 cm to 5 cm. All 9 patients had stones located in the CBD, with 2 patients also having additional stones within the hepatic ducts. All 9 patients (100%) were visually stone-free after one endoscopic procedure. No major perioperative complications occurred. Mean length of stay was 2.4 days. At a mean radiological follow-up of 5.4 months (range, 0.5 to 21), no stone recurrence was noted. Conclusions: Percutaneous endoscopic holmium laser lithotripsy is a minimally invasive alternative to open salvage surgery for complex biliary calculi refractory to standard approaches. This treatment is both safe and efficacious. Success depends on a multidisciplinary approach. PMID:19660213

  9. Graft Loss Due to Percutaneous Sclerotherapy of a Lymphocele Using Acetic Acid After Renal Transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Adani, Gian Luigi, E-mail: adanigl@hotmail.com; Baccarani, Umberto; Bresadola, Vittorio; Lorenzin, Dario [University School of Medicine, Department of Surgery and Transplantation (Italy); Montanaro, Domenico [AOSMM, Sauta Maria della Misericordia Hospital, Division of Nephrology (Italy); Risaliti, Andrea; Terrosu, Giovanni [University School of Medicine, Department of Surgery and Transplantation (Italy); Sponza, Massimo [AOSMM, Sauta Maria della Misericordia Hospital, Department of Radiology (Italy); Bresadola, Fabrizio [University School of Medicine, Department of Surgery and Transplantation (Italy)

    2005-12-15

    Development of lymphoceles after renal transplantation is a well-described complication that occurs in up to 40% of recipients. The gold standard approach for the treatment of symptomatic cases is not well defined yet. Management options include simple aspiration, marsupialization by a laparotomy or laparoscopy, and percutaneous sclerotherapy using different chemical agents. Those approaches can be associated, and they depend on type, dimension, and localization of the lymphocele. Percutaneous sclerotherapy is considered to be less invasive than the surgical approach; it can be used safely and effectively, with low morbidity, in huge, rapidly accumulating lymphoceles. Moreover, this approach is highly successful, and the complication rate is acceptable; the major drawback is a recurrence rate close to 20%. We herewith report a renal transplant case in which the patient developed a symptomatic lymphocele that was initially treated by ultrasound-guided percutaneous sclerotherapy with ethanol and thereafter using acetic acid for early recurrence. A few hours after injection of acetic acid in the lymphatic cavity, the patient started to complain of acute pain localized to the renal graft and fever. An ultrasound of the abdomen revealed thrombosis of the renal vein and artery. The patient was immediately taken to the operating room, where the diagnosis of vascular thrombosis was confirmed and the graft was urgently explanted. In conclusion, we strongly suggest avoiding the use of acetic acid as a slerosating agent for the percutaneous treatment of post-renal transplant lymphocele because, based on our experience, it could be complicated by vascular thrombosis of the kidney, ending in graft loss.

  10. Percutaneous Resolution of Lumbar Facet Joint Cysts as an Alternative Treatment to Surgery: A Meta-Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Shuang, Feng; Hou, Shu-Xun; Zhu, Jia-Liang; Ren, Dong-Feng; Cao, Zheng; Tang, Jia-Guang

    2014-01-01

    Purpose A comprehensive review of the literature in order to analyze data about the success rate of percutaneous resolution of the lumbar facet joint cysts as a conservative management strategy. Methods A systematic search for relevant articles published during 1980 to May 2014 was performed in several electronic databases by using the specific MeSH terms and keywords. Most relevant data was captured and pooled for the meta-analysis to achieve overall effect size of treatment along with 95% confidence intervals. Results 29 studies were included in the meta-analysis. Follow-up duration as mean ± sd (range) was 16±10.2 (5 days to 5.7 years). Overall the satisfactory results (after short- or long-term follow-up) were achieved in 55.8 [49.5, 62.08] % (pooled mean and 95% CI) of the 544 patients subjected to percutaneous lumbar facet joint cyst resolution procedures. 38.67 [33.3, 43.95] % of this population underwent surgery subsequently to achieve durable relief. There existed no linear relationship between the increasing average duration of follow-up period of individual studies and percent satisfaction from the percutaneous resolutions procedure. Conclusion Results shows that the percutaneous cyst resolution procedures have potential to be an alternative to surgical interventions but identification of suitable subjects requires further research. PMID:25389771

  11. Chemotherapy plus percutaneous radiofrequency ablation in patients with inoperable colorectal liver metastases

    PubMed Central

    Sgouros, Joseph; Cast, James; Garadi, Krishna K; Belechri, Maria; Breen, David J; Monson, John RT; Maraveyas, Anthony

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To access the efficacy of chemotherapy plus radiofrequency ablation (RFA) as one line of treatment in inoperable colorectal liver metastases. METHODS: Eligible patients were included in three Phase II studies. In the first study percutaneous RFA was used first followed by 6 cycles of 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin and irinotecan combination (FOLFIRI) (adjunctive chemotherapy trial). In the other two, chemotherapy (FOLFIRI or 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin and oxaliplatin combination) up to 12 cycles was used first with percutaneous RFA offered to responding patients (primary chemotherapy trials). RESULTS: Thirteen patients were included in the adjunctive chemotherapy trial and 17 in the other two. At inclusion they had 1-4 liver metastases (up to 6.5 cm in size). Two patients died during chemotherapy. All patients in the adjunctive chemotherapy trial and 44% in the primary chemotherapy studies had their metastases ablated. Median PFS and overall survival in the adjunctive study were 13 and 24 mo respectively while in the primary chemotherapy studies they were 10 and 21 mo respectively. Eighty one percent of the patients had tumour relapse in at least one previously ablated lesion. CONCLUSION: Chemotherapy plus RFA in patients with low volume inoperable colorectal liver metastases seems safe and relatively effective. The high local recurrence rate is of concern. PMID:21528091

  12. Intravascular Ultrasound to Guide Percutaneous Coronary Interventions

    PubMed Central

    2006-01-01

    Executive Summary Objective The objective of this health technology policy assessment was to determine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) as an adjunctive imaging tool to coronary angiography for guiding percutaneous coronary interventions. Background Intravascular Ultrasound Intravascular ultrasound is a procedure that uses high frequency sound waves to acquire 3-dimensional images from the lumen of a blood vessel. The equipment for performing IVUS consists of a percutaneous transducer catheter and a console for reconstructing images. IVUS has been used to study the structure of the arterial wall and nature of atherosclerotic plaques, and obtain measurements of the vessel lumen. Its role in guiding stent placement is also being investigated. IVUS is presently not an insured health service in Ontario. Clinical Need Coronary artery disease accounts for approximately 55% of cardiovascular deaths, the leading cause of death in Canada. In Ontario, the annual mortality rate due to ischemic heart disease was 141.8 per 100,000 population between 1995 and 1997. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), a less invasive approach to treating coronary artery disease, is used more frequently than coronary bypass surgery in Ontario. The number of percutaneous coronary intervention procedures funded by the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-term Care is expected to increase from approximately 17, 780 in 2004/2005 to 22,355 in 2006/2007 (an increase of 26%), with about 95% requiring the placement of one or more stents. Restenosis following percutaneous coronary interventions involving bare metal stents occurs in 15% to 30% of the cases, mainly because of smooth muscle proliferation and migration, and production of extracellular matrix. In-stent restenosis has been linked to suboptimal stent expansion and inadequate lesion coverage, while stent thrombosis has been attributed to incomplete stent-to-vessel wall apposition. Since coronary angiography (the imaging tool used to guide stent placement) has been shown to be inaccurate in assessing optimal stent placement, and IVUS can provide better views of the vessel lumen, the clinical utility of IVUS as an imaging tool adjunctive to coronary angiography in coronary intervention procedures has been explored in clinical studies. Method A systematic review was conducted to answer the following questions: What are the procedure-related complications associated with IVUS? Does IVUS used in conjunction with angiography to guide percutaneous interventions improve patient outcomes compared to angiographic guidance without IVUS? Who would benefit most in terms of clinical outcomes from the use of IVUS adjunctive to coronary angiography in guiding PCIs? What is the effectiveness of IVUS guidance in the context of drug-eluting stents? What is the cost-effectiveness ratio and budget impact of adjunctive IVUS in PCIs in Ontario? A systematic search of databases OVID MEDLINE, EMBASE, MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, The Cochrane Library, and the International Agency for Health Technology Assessment (INAHTA) database for the period beginning in May 2001 until the day of the search, November 4, 2005 yielded 2 systematic reviews, 1 meta-analysis, 6 randomized controlled trials, and 2 non-randomized studies on left main coronary arteries. The quality of the studies ranged from moderate to high. These reports were combined with reports from a previous systematic review for analysis. In addition to qualitative synthesis, pooled analyses of data from randomized controlled studies using a random effect model in the Cochrane Review Manager 4.2 software were conducted when possible. Findings of Literature Review & Analysis Safety Intravascular ultrasound appears to be a safe tool when used in coronary interventions. Periprocedural complications associated with the use of IVUS in coronary interventions ranged from 0.5% in the largest study to 4%. Coronary rupture was reported in 1 study (1/54). Other complications included prolonged spasms of the arter

  13. CT-guided percutaneous aspiration of Tarlov cyst as a useful diagnostic procedure prior to operative intervention.

    PubMed

    Lee, J-Y; Impekoven, P; Stenzel, W; Löhr, M; Ernestus, R-I; Klug, N

    2004-07-01

    Tarlov or perineural cysts are lesions of the nerve root most often found in the sacral region. Several authors recommend surgical treatment of symptomatic Tarlov cysts. However, successful surgical treatment is dependent on appropriate patient selection. In this article, we report three cases of a sacral perineural cyst, causing sciatic pain, and emphasize the usefulness of CT-guided percutaneous aspiration as an important diagnostic and prognostic procedure prior to definitive operative treatment. PMID:15197609

  14. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in a patient with internal carotid artery stenosis following gamma knife radiosurgery for recurrent pituitary adenoma

    PubMed Central

    Ito, Hidemichi; Onodera, Hidetaka; Sase, Taigen; Uchida, Masashi; Morishima, Hiroyuki; Oshio, Kotaro; Shuto, Takashi; Tanaka, Yuichiro

    2015-01-01

    Background: Intracranial vascular complications following radiosurgery are extremely rare. Case Description: We report a case of stenosis in the internal carotid artery 5 years after gamma knife radiosurgery for a recurrent pituitary adenoma. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty was performed successfully with anatomical and functional improvement. Conclusion: These results suggested the importance of monitoring for arterial stenosis in the long-term follow-up. Moreover, this is the first case of endovascular treatment as an effective therapy for intracranial arterial stenosis due to radiotherapy.

  15. Iatrogenic Aorto-Cisterna Chyli Fistula During Percutaneous Balloon Aortoplasty in a Patient with Takayasu's Arteritis: A Case Report

    SciTech Connect

    Hwang, Hye Sun; Shin, Sung Wook, E-mail: swshin@smc.samsung.co.kr; Kim, Eun Hui; Do, Young Soo; Choo, Sung Wook; Cho, Sung Ki; Park, Kwang Bo [Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Sciences, Samsung Medical Center (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-04-15

    We present a case of iatrogenic aorto-cisterna chyli fistula that developed during percutaneous transluminal aortoplasty in a 16-year old girl with Takayasu's arteritis. The aorto-cisterna chyli fistula was angiographically confirmed and treated using a stent-graft, which successfully occluded the fistula. Her claudication then improved, although follow-up CT angiography at 10 months revealed mild recurrent aortic stenosis.

  16. Percutaneous ultrasound-guided aspiration of an anterior cruciate ligament ganglion cyst: description of technique and case presentation.

    PubMed

    Krill, Michael; Peck, Evan

    2014-12-01

    An anterior cruciate ligament ganglion cyst is an infrequent but potentially clinically significant cause of knee pain. Although the cyst may be removed surgically, percutaneous ultrasound-guided anterior cruciate ligament ganglion cyst aspiration and injection is feasible. To our knowledge, we present the first reported case description of the utilization of ultrasound guidance to perform this procedure with a successful clinical outcome. PMID:25088315

  17. Outcome of percutaneous continuous drainage of psoas abscess: A clinically guided technique

    PubMed Central

    Dave, Bharat R; Kurupati, Ranganatha Babu; Shah, Dipak; Degulamadi, Devanand; Borgohain, Nitu; Krishnan, Ajay

    2014-01-01

    Background: Percutaneous aspiration of abscesses under ultrasonography (USG) and computer tomography (CT) scan has been well described. With recurrence rate reported as high as 66%. The open drainage and percutaneous continuous drainage (PCD) has reduced the recurrence rate. The disadvantage of PCD under CT is radiation hazard and problems of asepsis. Hence a technique of clinically guided percutaneous continuous drainage of the psoas abscess without real-time imaging overcomes these problems. We describe clinically guided PCD of psoas abscess and its outcome. Materials and Methods: Twenty-nine patients with dorsolumbar spondylodiscitis without gross neural deficit with psoas abscess of size >5 cm were selected for PCD. It was done as a day care procedure under local anesthesia. Sequentially, aspiration followed by guide pin-guided trocar and catheter insertion was done without image guidance. Culture sensitivity was done and chemotherapy initiated and catheter kept till the drainage was <10 ml for 48 hours. Outcome assessment was done with relief of pain, successful abscess drainage and ODI (Oswestry Disability Index) score at 2 years. Results: PCD was successful in all cases. Back and radicular pain improved in all cases. Average procedure time was 24.30 minutes, drain output was 234.40 ml, and the drainage duration was 7.90 days. One patient required surgical stabilisation due to progression of the spondylodiscitis resulting in instability inspite of successful drainage of abscess. Problems with the procedure were noticed in six patients. Multiple attempts (n = 2), persistent discharge (n = 1) for 2 weeks, blocked catheter (n = 2) and catheter pull out (n = 1) occurred with no effect on the outcome. The average ODI score improved from 62.47 to 5.51 at 2 years. Conclusions: Clinically guided PCD is an efficient, safe and easy procedure in drainage of psoas abscess. PMID:24600066

  18. Percutaneous Mitral Annuloplasty for Functional Mitral Regurgitation

    PubMed Central

    Schofer, Joachim; Siminiak, Tomasz; Haude, Michael; Herrman, Jean P.; Vainer, Jindra; Wu, Justina C.; Levy, Wayne C.; Mauri, Laura; Feldman, Ted; Kwong, Raymond Y.; Kaye, David M.; Duffy, Stephen J.; Tübler, Thilo; Degen, Hubertus; Brandt, Mathias C.; Van Bibber, Rich; Goldberg, Steve; Reuter, David G.; Hoppe, Uta C.

    2014-01-01

    Background Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR), a well-recognized component of left ventricular remodeling, is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in heart failure patients. Percutaneous mitral annuloplasty has the potential to serve as a therapeutic adjunct to standard medical care. Methods and Results Patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, moderate to severe FMR, an ejection fraction <40%, and a 6-minute walk distance between 150 and 450 m were enrolled in the CARILLON Mitral Annuloplasty Device European Union Study (AMADEUS). Percutaneous mitral annuloplasty was achieved through the coronary sinus with the CARILLON Mitral Contour System. Echocardiographic FMR grade, exercise tolerance, New York Heart Association class, and quality of life were assessed at baseline and 1 and 6 months. Of the 48 patients enrolled in the trial, 30 received the CARILLON device. Eighteen patients did not receive a device because of access issues, insufficient acute FMR reduction, or coronary artery compromise. The major adverse event rate was 13% at 30 days. At 6 months, the degree of FMR reduction among 5 different quantitative echocardiographic measures ranged from 22% to 32%. Six-minute walk distance improved from 307±87 m at baseline to 403±137 m at 6 months (P<0.001). Quality of life, measured by the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire, improved from 47±16 points at baseline to 69±15 points at 6 months (P<0.001). Conclusions Percutaneous reduction in FMR with a novel coronary sinus–based mitral annuloplasty device is feasible in patients with heart failure, is associated with a low rate of major adverse events, and is associated with improvement in quality of life and exercise tolerance. PMID:19597051

  19. Orthopedic surgical analyzer for percutaneous vertebroplasty

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tack, Gye Rae; Choi, Hyung Guen; Lim, Do H.; Lee, Sung J.

    2001-05-01

    Since the spine is one of the most complex joint structures in the human body, its surgical treatment requires careful planning and high degree of precision to avoid any unwanted neurological compromises. In addition, comprehensive biomechanical analysis can be very helpful because the spine is subject to a variety of load. In case for the osteoporotic spine in which the structural integrity has been compromised, it brings out the double challenges for a surgeon both clinically and biomechanically. Thus, we have been developing an integrated medical image system that is capable of doing the both. This system is called orthopedic surgical analyzer and it combines the clinical results from image-guided examination and the biomechanical data from finite element analysis. In order to demonstrate its feasibility, this system was applied to percutaneous vertebroplasty. Percutaneous vertebroplasty is a surgical procedure that has been recently introduced for the treatment of compression fracture of the osteoporotic vertebrae. It involves puncturing vertebrae and filling with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). Recent studies have shown that the procedure could provide structural reinforcement for the osteoporotic vertebrae while being minimally invasive and safe with immediate pain relief. However, treatment failures due to excessive PMMA volume injection have been reported as one of complications. It is believed that control of PMMA volume is one of the most critical factors that can reduce the incidence of complications. Since the degree of the osteoporosis can influence the porosity of the cancellous bone in the vertebral body, the injection volume can be different from patient to patient. In this study, the optimal volume of PMMA injection for vertebroplasty was predicted based on the image analysis of a given patient. In addition, biomechanical effects due to the changes in PMMA volume and bone mineral density (BMD) level were investigated by constructing clinically relevant finite element models. In conclusion, we were able to demonstrate the feasibility of our orthopedic surgical analyzer in a case for percutaneous vertebroplasty.

  20. [Fundamental features on percutaneous cardiopulmonary support].

    PubMed

    Hayatsu, Yukihiro; Saiki, Yoshikatsu

    2014-07-01

    The fundamental features on percutaneous cardiopulmonary support (PCPS) were reviewed. The number of PCPS installation in Japan has been increasing especially in the area of emergency medicine and cardiology. All-in-one package for PCPS system is becoming a mainstream in clinical practice. It is considered to be crucial to understand the details in characteristics and pitfalls on respective products. The results of nation-wide questionnaire indicate that the detailed criteria for PCPS usage in clinical practice appear to be variable among facilities in Japan;therefore, the formulation of guideline and educational system for PCPS installation is required. PMID:25138934

  1. Successful Bilingual Education Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montecel, Maria Robledo; Cortez, Josie

    2004-01-01

    This article describes a research project carried out by the Intercultural Development Research Association (IDRA). IDRA's primary research question for this study was, "What contributed to the success of a bilingual education classroom as evidenced by LEP student academic achievement?" In addition to the student data, qualitative and contextual…

  2. Percutaneous Ventricular Assist Devices and ECMO in the Management of Acute Decompensated Heart Failure

    PubMed Central

    Lawson, William E; Koo, Michael

    2015-01-01

    The successful treatment of acute decompensated heart failure continues to evolve with an increasing utilization of nondurable mechanical support devices. Indications for acute support have broadened to include their use as a bridge to recovery or decision (for durable ventricular assist devices [VADs] or heart transplant). Available devices have improved in terms of effectiveness, ease of insertion, and reduction in complications. The commonly used devices (intra-aortic balloon pump, TandemHeart, Impella, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation circuit), together with their mechanisms of action, are reviewed. Current considerations for support, specific to each device, are examined and future directions and indications for percutaneous VADs are explored. PMID:25983563

  3. Massive Pulmonary Embolism: Percutaneous Emergency Treatment Using an Aspirex Thrombectomy Catheter

    SciTech Connect

    Popovic, Peter, E-mail: peter.popovic@kclj.s [University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Institute of Radiology (Slovenia); Bunc, Matjaz [University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Clinical Department for Cardiology (Slovenia)

    2010-10-15

    Massive pulmonary embolism (PE) is a life-threatening condition with a high early mortality rate caused by acute right ventricular failure and cardiogenic shock. A 51-year-old woman with a massive PE and contraindication for thrombolytic therapy was treated with percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy using an Aspirex 11F catheter (Straub Medical AG, Wangs, Switzerland). The procedure was successfully performed and showed a good immediate angiographic result. The patient made a full recovery from the acute episode and was discharged on heparin treatment. Our case report indicates that in patients with contraindications to systemic thrombolysis, catheter thrombectomy may constitute a life-saving intervention for massive PE.

  4. Embedding a randomized clinical trial into an ongoing registry infrastructure: Unique opportunities for efficiency in design of the Study of Access site For Enhancement of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Women (SAFE-PCI for Women)

    PubMed Central

    Hess, Connie N.; Rao, Sunil V.; Kong, David F.; Aberle, Laura H.; Anstrom, Kevin J.; Gibson, C. Michael; Gilchrist, Ian C.; Jacobs, Alice K.; Jolly, Sanjit S.; Mehran, Roxana; Messenger, John C.; Newby, L. Kristin; Waksman, Ron; Krucoff, Mitchell W.

    2014-01-01

    Women are at higher risk than men for bleeding and vascular complications after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Compared with femoral access, radial access reduces these complications but may be more challenging in women because of higher rates of radial artery spasm, tortuosity, and occlusion as well as lower rates of procedure success. Whether the safety advantages of radial versus femoral access in women undergoing PCI are outweighed by reduced effectiveness has not been studied. The Study of Access site For Enhancement of PCI for Women is a prospective, randomized clinical trial comparing radial with femoral arterial access in women undergoing PCI. In conjunction with the US Food and Drug Administration?s Critical Path Cardiac Safety Research Consortium, this study embeds the randomized clinical trial into the existing infrastructure of the National Cardiovascular Data Registry™ CathPCI Registry™ through the National Institute of Health?s National Cardiovascular Research Infrastructure. The primary efficacy end point is a composite of bleeding (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium types 2, 3, or 5) or vascular complication requiring intervention occurring at 72 hours after PCI or by hospital discharge. The primary feasibility end point is procedure success. Secondary end points include procedure duration, contrast volume, radiation dose, quality of life, and a composite of 30-day death, vascular complication, or unplanned revascularization. PMID:24016489

  5. Neuroanatomic considerations in percutaneous tumor ablation.

    PubMed

    Kurup, A Nicholas; Morris, Jonathan M; Schmit, Grant D; Atwell, Thomas D; Weisbrod, Adam J; Murthy, Naveen S; Woodrum, David A; Callstrom, Matthew R

    2013-01-01

    Percutaneous ablation is increasingly being used as focal therapy for tumors in the chest, abdomen, and pelvis, including tumors in proximity to neural structures. To ensure that tumor ablation is performed safely, knowledge of the regional neuroanatomy is particularly important because most relevant nerves are not visualized with the conventional imaging techniques used to guide ablation procedures. Familiarity with the expected course of nerves in commonly targeted areas is helpful in preventing inadvertent nerve injury and in accurately informing the patient of potential risks. In the chest and shoulder girdle, the brachial plexus as well as the phrenic, recurrent laryngeal, intercostal-subcostal, long thoracic, dorsal scapular, and suprascapular nerves may be encountered. Vulnerable neural structures in the abdomen and pelvis arise from the lumbar and sacral plexuses and include the femoral, obturator, sciatic, and pudendal nerves. Nerve protection and monitoring techniques should be used, when appropriate, to minimize the risk of neural injury during percutaneous tumor ablation and depend on the vulnerable nerve, the location of the targeted tumor, and the ablation device used for treatment. Nerves may be protected using displacement techniques, including instillation of air or fluid, insertion and insufflation of angioplastic or endoscopic balloons, and mechanical manipulation of the ablation device. Nerves may be monitored with cross-sectional imaging evaluation of the critical nerve or ablation zone, or with functional evaluation using electromyographic equipment or focused clinical examination. Supplemental material available at http://radiographics.rsna.org/lookup/suppl/doi:10.1148/rg334125141/-/DC1. PMID:23842979

  6. Statin treatment before percutaneous cononary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Toso, Anna; Maioli, Mauro; Tropeano, Francesco; Bellandi, Francesco

    2013-01-01

    Treatment with 3-hydroxy-3-methyl glutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) improves short-and-long term prognosis in high-risk patients with stable coronary artery disease and in those with acute coronary syndrome and their use is strongly recommended for secondary prevention. Moreover, recent data suggest that statin pre-treatment is associated with a better short- and long-term outcome in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Current guidelines for coronary revascularization recommend the use of high-dose of statins before percutaneous coronary intervention to reduce the risk of periprocedural myocardial infarction in statin naïve patients (class IIa A) and in those on chronic statin therapy (class IIa B). However, the beneficial clinical effects elicited by statins in patients undergoing coronary angioplasty may arise not only from a cardiac protection against periprocedural myocardial injury but also from a renal protection against acute kidney injury caused by iodinated contrast media. Actually, statins exert multiple non-lipid lowering (pleiotropic) effects, including improved endothelial function, reduced inflammatory and immuno-modulatory processes, oxidative stress and platelet adhesion, that may contribute to both cardio- and nephro-protection even in the short-term. PMID:23825770

  7. Application of a New Guiding System in Percutaneous Biopsies

    SciTech Connect

    Petsas, Theodore, E-mail: Petsas@med.upatras.gr; Tsota, Irene; Kalogeropoulou, Christina P. [University Hospital of Patras, Department of Radiology (Greece); Liatsikos, Evangelos N. [University Hospital of Patras, Department of Urology (Greece)

    2007-04-15

    We herein describe the application of a new guiding system designed for percutaneous biopsies. The guiding system set is composed of a 0.41 mm (27G) stainless steel guide stylet and a 22G Chiba needle. Following the initial insertion of the Chiba needle, the stylet is advanced via the needle toward the lesion. The stylet serves either as a guide for the Chiba needle or as an exchange wire for the introduction of larger or cutting biopsy needles. The stylet can also be curved prior to its insertion to facilitate access to lesions which require needle redirection. The technique was applied to 117 cases (54 thoracic, 31 abdominal, 21 pelvic, and 11 vertebral lesions.) The main advantage of the stylet is its small diameter, rendering it atraumatic and permitting multiple punctures for the successful final targeting of the lesion. With this guiding set we achieved targeting of difficult lesions. Furthermore, larger needles were more easily introduced in locations that posed technical difficulties. No major complications were observed. The complication rate was comparable to that of the conventional biopsy technique. The technique using the guide stylet was easily performed and could be applied to almost all organs.

  8. Percutaneous Relief of Tension Pneumomediastinum in a Child

    SciTech Connect

    Chau, Helen Hoi-lun; Kwok, Philip Chong-hei; Lai, Albert Kwok-hung; Fan, Tsz Wo; Chan, Susan Chi-hum [Queen Elizabeth Hospital, 30 Gascoigne Road, Kowloon, Department of Radiology and Imaging, Hong Kong (China); Miu, Ting Yat; Chan, Grace Lai-har [Queen Elizabeth Hospital, 30 Gascoigne Road, Kowloon, Pediatrics, Hong Kong (China)

    2003-11-15

    The purpose of this article was to describe the experience of relieving tension pneumomediastinum by a fluoroscopic-guided percutaneous method. We inserted a percutaneous drainage catheter with a Heimlich valve under fluoroscopic guidance to relieve the tension pneumomediastinum in a 2-year-old girl who suffered from dermatomyositis with lung involvement. This allowed immediate relief without the need for surgery. The procedure was repeated for relapsed tension pneumomediastinum. Good immediate results were achieved in each attempt. We conclude that percutaneous relief of pneumomediastinum under fluoroscopic guidance can be performed safely and rapidly in patients not fit for surgery.

  9. Percutaneous pulmonary valve endocarditis: incidence, prevention and management.

    PubMed

    Patel, Mehul; Malekzadeh-Milani, Sophie; Ladouceur, Magalie; Iserin, Laurence; Boudjemline, Younes

    2014-11-01

    The epidemiology of infective endocarditis is changing rapidly due to the emergence of resistant microorganisms, the indiscriminate use of antibiotics, and an increase in the implantation of cardiovascular devices including percutaneous valves. Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation has achieved standard of care for the management of certain patients with right ventricular outflow tract dysfunction. With its expanding use, several cases of early and delayed infective endocarditis with higher morbidity and mortality rates have been reported. This review summarizes the trends in percutaneous pulmonary valve infective endocarditis, postulates proposed mechanisms, and elaborates on the prevention and management of this unique and potentially fatal complication. PMID:25445753

  10. Use of the Boomerang catalyst advantage closure device to facilitate complex multistaged percutaneous revascularization procedures for the treatment of critical limb ischemia.

    PubMed

    Garcia, Joel A; Casserly, Ivan P

    2009-07-01

    An increasing spectrum of complex peripheral arterial disease may be successfully treated using percutaneous revascularization techniques. A pair of challenging peripheral revascularization procedures in patients with critical limb ischemia is presented, where an array of interventional tools and techniques were required, and the off-label use of the Boomerang catalyst system closure device was important in managing a variety of complex arterial access issues and ultimately allowing procedural success. PMID:19530181

  11. Primary renal artery stenting: Characteristics and outcomes after 363 procedures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert J. Lederman; Farrell O. Mendelsohn; Renato Santos; Harry R. Phillips; Richard S. Stack; James J. Crowley

    2001-01-01

    Background Stenting improves the acute results of percutaneous balloon angioplasty for atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis. Predictors of benefit and angiographic restenosis are not well understood. We describe the technical and clinical success of renal artery stenting in a large consecutive series of patients with hypertension or renal insufficiency. We identify clinical, procedural, and anatomic factors that might influence outcome, restenosis,

  12. Routine Urine Culture at the Time of Percutaneous Urinary Drainage: Does Every Patient Need One?

    SciTech Connect

    Brody, L.A., E-mail: brodyl@mskcc.org; Brown, K.T.; Covey, A.M. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Radiology, Section of Interventional Radiology and Image Guided Therapy (United States); Brown, A.E. [Service of Infectious Disease, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Medicine (United States); Getrajdman, G.I. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Radiology, Section of Interventional Radiology and Image Guided Therapy (United States)

    2006-08-15

    Purpose. To determine the clinical variables associated with bacteriuria in patients undergoing primary percutaneous antegrade urinary drainage procedures in order to predict the utility of routinely obtaining urine cultures at the time of the procedure. Methods. Between October 1995 and March 1998 urine cultures were prospectively obtained in all patients undergoing a primary percutaneous antegrade urinary drainage procedure. One hundred and eighty-seven patients underwent 264 procedures. Results were available in 252 cases. Culture results were correlated with clinical, laboratory, and demographic variables. Anaerobic cultures were not uniformly performed. Results. Urine cultures were positive in 24 of 252 (9.5%) cases. An indwelling or recently removed ipsilateral device (catheter or stent) and a history of previous cystectomy with urinary diversion were significant predictors of a positive culture. Patients without either of these predictors, and without clinical or laboratory evidence of infection, were rarely found to have positive cultures. Conclusion. The likelihood of a positive urine culture can be predicted on the basis of the aforementioned clinical variables. In the absence of these clinical indicators routine urine cultures are neither useful nor cost-effective.

  13. Transarterial embolization of primary and secondary tumors of the skeletal system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Radeleff; M. Eiers; R. Lopez-Benitez; G. Noeldge; P. Hallscheidt; L. Grenacher; M. Libicher; F. Zeifang; P. J. Meeder; G. W. Kauffmann; G. M. Richter

    2006-01-01

    Percutaneous transcatheteral embolizations of primary and secondary bone tumors are important minimal invasive angiographic interventions of the skeletal system. In most of the cases embolization is performed for preoperative devascularization or as a palliative measure to treat tumor-associated pain or other tumor bulk symptoms. The transarterial embolization of primary and secondary tumors of the skeletal system has been developed to

  14. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy in patients on chronic anticoagulant/antiplatelet therapy.

    PubMed

    Nerli, R B; Reddy, M N; Devaraju, S; Hiremath, M B

    2012-08-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is an integral component in the management of large volume renal stone disease either as monotherapy or in combination with shock wave lithotripsy. Stone disease in patients on chronic anticoagulation/antiplatelet therapy, however, poses a difficult scenario. Bleeding is a major concern for any patient undergoing PCNL. We retrospectively analyzed our series of patients with renal calculi who were on chronic anticoagulant therapy and who underwent PCNL. We reviewed the case records of patients undergoing PCNL during the period from January 2005 to December 2011. We analyzed the changes in preoperative and postoperative hemoglobin, serum creatinine, and clotting parameters, as well as intraoperative and postoperative bleeding and thromboembolic complications. During the 5-year study period, a total of 36 patients (30 males and 6 females) with a mean age of 46.33±9.96 years (range, 29-61 years) who were on chronic anticoagulant/antiplatelet therapy underwent PCNL for urolithiasis. The mean size of the stone was 6.40±1.98 cm(2) (range, 2.8-9 cm(2)). The mean operating time was 62.08±10.10 min. The bleeding was successfully managed in all patients and the anticoagulant/antiplatelet agents were restarted after an appropriate duration. The mean rise in serum creatinine at discharge was 0.05±0.03 mg/dl and the mean fall in serum hemoglobin was 1.63±0.77 g/dl. At 3 months after surgery, the stone-free rate was 100%. With careful preoperative care and regulation of anticoagulation/antiplatelet therapy and appropriate intraoperative management, PCNL can be performed safely and successfully in properly selected patients with renal calculi who are on chronic anticoagulant/antiplatelet therapy. PMID:22977751

  15. Assessing radiation exposure during endoscopic-guided percutaneous nephrolithotomy

    PubMed Central

    Lantz, Andrea G.; O’Malley, Padraic; Ordon, Michael; Lee, Jason Y.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) may be associated with significant ionizing radiation exposure for patients and operating room staff. Endoscopic-guided PCNL (ePCNL) is a technique that may be associated with less radiation exposure. This study examines ePCNL-related radiation exposure (fluoroscopy time, effective dose) and investigates variables that may predict increased exposure. Methods: A retrospective review of all consecutive ePCNLs performed at our institution, by a single surgeon, was conducted between November 2011 and November 2013. Patient demographics, stone characteristics and perioperative details were recorded, including radiation exposure. Pearson and Spearman correlation were used to assess variables correlated with radiation exposure. Results: In total, 55 ePCNL cases were included in the study. The mean age was 60 ± 15 years, mean body mass index (BMI) 30.0 ± 6.4 kg/m2 and mean stone size 3.2 × 2.1 cm. Seven cases (13%) involved complete staghorn stones, and 69% involved supracostal punctures. The mean fluoroscopy time was 3.4 ± 2.3 minutes, mean ED 2.4 ± 1.9 mSv. The treatment success rate, assessed 1-week postoperatively, was 87.3% and 7.3% of cases required ancillary procedures. The overall complication rate was 29%, but only 3 cases (5.5%) were Clavien ?3. Longer fluoroscopy time correlated with increased stone size (p < 0.01), longer operative time (p < 0.01) and lower treatment success rates (p < 0.01); higher effective dose correlated with longer fluoroscopy time (p < 0.01) and increased skin-to-stone distance (p < 0.01). BMI did not correlate with fluoroscopy time or effective dose. Conclusions: Outcomes of ePCNL are comparable to traditional PCNL techniques and may be associated with lower radiation exposure, particularly beneficial for patients with higher BMI. PMID:25408802

  16. Endoscopic closure of persistent gastrocutaneous fistulae, after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement, using the over-the-scope-clip system

    PubMed Central

    Changela, Kinesh; Culliford, Andrea; Duddempudi, Sushil; Krishnaiah, Mahesh; Anand, Sury

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: The Over-The-Scope-Clip (OTSC) has had an evolving role in endoscopic closure of gastrointestinal wall defects, in hemostasis of primary or postinterventional bleeding, and approximation of postbariatric surgery defects. Rapid and effective closure of gastrocutaneous (GC) fistulae using this device has been recently described in the literature. The aim of this study was to evaluate the technical feasibility, efficacy and safety of OTSC as an effective tool in the management of persistent GC fistulae secondary to a complication of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement. Method: In this multicenter prospective observational study, we describe our experience with OTSC in the closure of persistent GC fistulas secondary to PEG tube placement. Patients with GC fistulas were sequentially enrolled with a mean age of 84 years. Primary treatment outcome was the immediate successful closure of GC fistula and resolution of leak. Secondary outcome was no recurrence of the fistula and leaks on follow up. Results: A total of 10 patients were enrolled over the study period. Mean age was 84.4 ± 8.75 years. The primary treatment outcome was achieved in all the patients undergoing this intervention. Secondary outcome was observed in 9/10 (90%) subjects. No procedural complications were reported. Larger fistulae (>2.5 cm) and those with significant fibrosis were more difficult to close with the OTSC system. The mean follow-up time after OTSC application was 43.7 ± 20.57 days. A limitation of this study was that there was no control group. Conclusions: OTSC application is a safe and effective endoscopic approach for the closure of persistent GC fistulae secondary to a complication of PEG tube placement. PMID:26136836

  17. Improved outcomes for women undergoing contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alice K Jacobs; Janet M Johnston; Amelia Haviland; Maria Mori Brooks; Sheryl F Kelsey; David R Holmes; David P Faxon; David O Williams; Katherine M Detre

    2002-01-01

    ObjectivesThe goal of this study was to determine whether women undergoing contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remain at increased risk in comparison with men and whether the outcomes in women have improved.

  18. Impact of Critical Limb Ischemia on Long-Term Cardiac Mortality in Diabetic Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Revascularization

    PubMed Central

    Liistro, Francesco; Angioli, Paolo; Grotti, Simone; Brandini, Rossella; Porto, Italo; Ricci, Lucia; Tacconi, Danilo; Ducci, Kenneth; Falsini, Giovanni; Bellandi, Guido; Bolognese, Leonardo

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE Development of critical limb ischemia (CLI) has been reported as an independent predictor of cardiac mortality in diabetic patients. We aimed to determine whether CLI, managed in a structured setting of close collaboration between different vascular specialists and treated with early endovascular intervention, has any impact on long-term cardiac mortality of diabetic patients initially presenting with symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We designed a prospective observational study of 764 consecutive diabetic patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in whom development of CLI was assessed by a dedicated diabetic foot clinic. Cardiac mortality at 4-year follow-up was the primary end point of the study. RESULTS Among the 764 patients, 111 (14%) developed CLI (PCI-CLI group) and underwent revascularization of 145 limbs, with procedural success in 140 (96%). PCI-CLI patients at baseline had lower left ventricular ejection fraction (51 ± 11% vs. 53 ± 10%, P = 0.008), higher prevalence of dialysis (7% vs. 0.3%, P < 0.0001), and longer diabetes duration (13 ± 8 vs. 11 ± 7 years, P = 0.02) compared with PCI-only patients. At 4-year follow-up, cardiac mortality occurred in 10 (9%) PCI-CLI patients vs. 42 (6%) PCI-only patients (P = 0.2). Time-dependent Cox regression model for cardiac death revealed that CLI was not associated with an increased risk of cardiac mortality (hazard ratio 1.08 [95% CI 0.89–3.85]; P = 0.1). CONCLUSIONS The development of promptly assessed and aggressively treated CLI was not significantly associated with increased risk of long-term cardiac mortality in diabetic patients initially presenting with symptomatic CAD. PMID:23340882

  19. Percutaneous retrieval of an intracardiac central venous port fragment using snare with triple loops

    PubMed Central

    Ghaderian, Mehdi; Sabri, Mohammad Reza; Ahmadi, Ali Reza

    2015-01-01

    Peripherally inserted venous ports fracture with embolization in patients who received chemotherapy is a serious and rare complication, and few cases have been reported in children. We report a successful endovascular technique using a snare for retrieving broken peripherally inserted venous ports in a child for chemotherapy. Catheter fragments may cause complications such as cardiac perforation, arrhythmias, sepsis, and pulmonary embolism. A 12-year-old female received chemotherapy for acute lymphocytic leukemia through a central venous port implanted into her right subclavian area. The patient completed chemotherapy without complications 6 months ago. Venous port was accidentally fractured during its removal. Chest radiographs of the patient revealed intracardiac catheter fragment extending from the right subclavian to the right atrium (RA) and looping in the RA. The procedure was performed under ketamine and midazolam anesthesia and fluoroscopic guidance using a percutaneous femoral vein approach. A snare with triple loops (10 mm in diameter) was used to successfully retrieve the catheter fragments without any complication. Percutaneous transcatheter retrieval of catheter fragments is occasionally extremely useful and should be considered by interventional cardiologists for retrieving migrated catheters and can be chosen before resorting to surgery, which has potential risks related to thoracotomy, cardiopulmonary bypass, and general anesthesia. PMID:25767529

  20. Palliative percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy placement for gastrointestinal cancer: Roles, goals, and complications.

    PubMed

    Mobily, Matthew; Patel, Jitesh A

    2015-04-16

    Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube placement is an invaluable tool in clinical practice that has an important role in the palliative care of patients with gastrointestinal cancer. While there is no extensive data regarding the use of this procedure in patients with gastrointestinal malignancy, inferences can be made from the available information derived from studies of similar or mixed populations. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes can be used to provide enteral nutrition for terminal malignancies of the upper gastrointestinal tract as well as for decompression of malignant obstructions. The rates of successful placement for cancer patients with either of these indications are high, similar to those in mixed populations. There is no conclusive evidence that the procedure will help patients reach nutritional goals for those needing alimental supplementation. However, it is effective at relieving symptoms caused by malignant obstruction. A high American Society of Anesthesiologist physical status score and an advanced tumor stage have been shown to be independent predictors of poor outcomes following placement in cancer patients. This suggests the potential for similar outcomes in the palliative care of patients with advanced stage gastrointestinal cancer who may be in relatively poor physiologic condition. However, this potential should not preclude its use in patients with terminal gastrointestinal cancer considering the high rate of successful tube placement, the possible benefits and the ultimate goal of comfort in palliative care. PMID:25901215

  1. Percutaneous retrieval of an intracardiac central venous port fragment using snare with triple loops.

    PubMed

    Ghaderian, Mehdi; Sabri, Mohammad Reza; Ahmadi, Ali Reza

    2015-01-01

    Peripherally inserted venous ports fracture with embolization in patients who received chemotherapy is a serious and rare complication, and few cases have been reported in children. We report a successful endovascular technique using a snare for retrieving broken peripherally inserted venous ports in a child for chemotherapy. Catheter fragments may cause complications such as cardiac perforation, arrhythmias, sepsis, and pulmonary embolism. A 12-year-old female received chemotherapy for acute lymphocytic leukemia through a central venous port implanted into her right subclavian area. The patient completed chemotherapy without complications 6 months ago. Venous port was accidentally fractured during its removal. Chest radiographs of the patient revealed intracardiac catheter fragment extending from the right subclavian to the right atrium (RA) and looping in the RA. The procedure was performed under ketamine and midazolam anesthesia and fluoroscopic guidance using a percutaneous femoral vein approach. A snare with triple loops (10 mm in diameter) was used to successfully retrieve the catheter fragments without any complication. Percutaneous transcatheter retrieval of catheter fragments is occasionally extremely useful and should be considered by interventional cardiologists for retrieving migrated catheters and can be chosen before resorting to surgery, which has potential risks related to thoracotomy, cardiopulmonary bypass, and general anesthesia. PMID:25767529

  2. Modified PAIR Technique for Percutaneous Treatment of High-Risk Hydatid Cysts

    SciTech Connect

    Gabal, Abdelwahab M. [King Fahad Hospital, Department of Radiology (Saudi Arabia)], E-mail: gabalrad@yahoo.com; Khawaja, Fazal I. [King Fahad Hospital, Department of Gastroenterology and Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (Saudi Arabia); Mohammad, Ghanem A. [Al-azhar University Medical Center, Department of Chest Diseases (Egypt)

    2005-04-15

    Purpose. This paper presents a modification of the known method for percutaneous treatment of hydatid cyst, the PAIR technique. It aimed to achieve safe aspiration of large symptomatic cysts and cysts with a danger of impending rupture. Methods. We designed a coaxial catheter system to achieve concomitant evacuation of cyst contents while infusing scolicidal agent. Hypertonic saline is used to wash out cyst contents and to kill protoscolices. This was followed by injection of a sclerosant (ethyl alcohol 95%) into the residual cyst cavity to prevent formation of a cyst collection after the procedure. Seventeen cysts in 14 patients were successfully aspirated. Follow-up plain radiographs, ultrasonography and CT were performed weekly in the first 4 weeks and then at 3, 6 and 12 months for all patients. Seven patients (9 drained cysts) were followed up for 2 years and 1 patient for 3 years. Results. All cysts were successfully aspirated. The following morphologic changes were noticed: a gradual decrease in cyst size (17 cysts, 100%), thickening and irregularity of the cyst wall due to separation of endocyst from pericyst (7 cysts, 41%), development of a heterogeneous appearance of the cyst components (8 cysts, 47%) and development of pseudotumor (2 cysts, 12%). None of the treated cysts disappeared completely. No significant procedure-related complications were encountered. Conclusion. This modified PAIR technique is a reliable method for percutaneous treatment of risky and symptomatic hydatid cysts.

  3. Modified PAIR Technique for Percutaneous Treatment of High-Risk Hydatid Cysts

    SciTech Connect

    Gabal, Abdelwahab M., E-mail: gabalrad@yahoo.com [King Fahad Hospital, Department of Radiology (Saudi Arabia); Khawaja, Fazal I. [King Fahad Hospital, Department of Gastroenterology and Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (Saudi Arabia)] [King Fahad Hospital, Department of Gastroenterology and Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (Saudi Arabia); Mohammad, Ghanem A. [Al-azhar University Medical Center, Department of Chest Diseases (Egypt)] [Al-azhar University Medical Center, Department of Chest Diseases (Egypt)

    2005-04-15

    Purpose: This paper presents a modification of the known method for percutaneous treatment of hydatid cyst, the PAIR technique. It aimed to achieve safe aspiration of large symptomatic cysts and cysts with a danger of impending rupture. Methods: We designed a coaxial catheter system to achieve concomitant evacuation of cyst contents while infusing scolicidal agent. Hypertonic saline is used to wash out cyst contents and to kill protoscolices. This was followed by injection of a sclerosant (ethyl alcohol 95%) into the residual cyst cavity to prevent formation of a cyst collection after the procedure. Seventeen cysts in 14 patients were successfully aspirated. Follow-up plain radiographs, ultrasonography and CT were performed weekly in the first 4 weeks and then at 3, 6 and 12 months for all patients. Seven patients (9 drained cysts) were followed up for 2 years and 1 patient for 3 years. Results: All cysts were successfully aspirated. The following morphologic changes were noticed: a gradual decrease in cyst size (17 cysts, 100%), thickening and irregularity of the cyst wall due to separation of endocyst from pericyst (7 cysts, 41%), development of a heterogeneous appearance of the cyst components (8 cysts, 47%) and development of pseudotumor (2 cysts, 12%). None of the treated cysts disappeared completely. No significant procedure-related complications were encountered. Conclusion: This modified PAIR technique is a reliable method for percutaneous treatment of risky and symptomatic hydatid cysts.

  4. Two decades of percutaneous transjejunal biliary intervention for benign biliary disease: a review of the intervention nature and complications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Duveken B. Y. Fontein; Robert N. Gibson; Neil A. Collier; Gabrielle T. W. Tse; Luke L. K. Wang; Tony G. Speer; Richard Dowling; Amanda Robertson; Benjamin Thomson; Albert de Roos

    Objective  To assess outcomes of percutaneous transjejunal biliary intervention (PTJBI) in terms of success and effectiveness in patients\\u000a with a Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy for benign biliary strictures and stones.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Clinical and radiographic records of 63 patients with a Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy or hepaticojejunostomy for benign\\u000a disease who underwent at least one PTJBI between 1986 and 2007 were reviewed. Effectiveness was determined by successful

  5. Use of the IntuiTrak® Stent-Graft Delivery System for Percutaneous Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Exclusion

    PubMed Central

    Tom, Cindy W.; Krajcer, Zvonimir

    2010-01-01

    The exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysms by endovascular techniques has enabled the treatment of patients who have high-risk comorbidities that preclude safe surgical repair. Since the development of the unibody bifurcated endovascular stent-graft for abdominal aortic aneurysm exclusion, remarkable technological improvements have facilitated stent-graft delivery and reduced the required size of the access site. Our initial institutional experience with the use of the Endologix IntuiTrak® Express Delivery System for the Powerlink stent-graft (in 7 patients) shows that the device is suited for percutaneous use without sequelae. Herein, we describe the IntuiTrak system and the successful results of its use: we achieved percutaneous access and closure in all 7 patients, with no conversions to open repair or vascular exposure. PMID:20548815

  6. Percutaneous Selective Embolectomy using a Fogarty Thru-Lumen Catheter for Pancreas Graft Thrombosis: A Case Report

    SciTech Connect

    Izaki, Kenta, E-mail: izaki@med.kobe-u.ac.jp; Yamaguchi, Masato [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan); Matsumoto, Ippei; Shinzeki, Makoto; Ku, Yonson [Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Division of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Department of Surgery (Japan); Sugimura, Kazuro; Sugimoto, Koji [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan)

    2011-06-15

    A 57-year-old woman with a history of diabetes mellitus underwent simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation. The pancreaticoduodenal graft was implanted in the right iliac fossa. The donor's portal vein was anastomosed to the recipient's inferior vena cava (IVC). Seven days after the surgery, a thrombus was detected in the graft veins. Percutaneous thrombolysis was immediately performed; however, venous congestion was still present. We therefore attempted selective embolectomy using a Fogarty Thru-Lumen Catheter. Thrombi were directed from the graft veins toward the IVC and captured in the IVC filter with complete elimination of the thrombus without any major complications. We present our technique for the successful treatment of pancreas graft thrombosis within a short time period by percutaneous selective embolectomy using a Fogarty Thru-Lumen Catheter.

  7. Superior Mesenteric Artery Embolism Treated with Percutaneous Mechanical Thrombectomy

    SciTech Connect

    Popovic, Peter, E-mail: peter.popovic@kclj.si; Kuhelj, Dimitrij [University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Institute of Radiology (Slovenia); Bunc, Matjaz [University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Clinical Department for Cardiology (Slovenia)

    2011-02-15

    A case of acute superior mesenteric artery embolism treated with percutaneous thrombus aspiration is described. A 63-year-old man with chronic atrial fibrillation was admitted to the hospital with progressive abdominal pain. Computed tomography angiography revealed an occlusion of the distal part of the superior mesenteric artery. The patient was effectively treated using transaxillary percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy using a 6F Aspirex thrombectomy catheter.

  8. Percutaneous foam sclerotherapy for venous leg ulcers.

    PubMed

    Bush, R; Bush, P

    2013-10-01

    The technique of foam sclerotherapy directed at the distal most vessels, draining the ulcer bed was first described in 2010, with excellent penetration into the underlying venous network possible with this technique. Thirty-five patients have now been treated with this technique as the initial treatment at Midwest Vein Laser, USA. There have been no complications with this technique and rapid healing occurred within 4-8 weeks after the initial treatment in 90% of the patients, and all ulcers were healed at 4 months. Here we present the representative case of a 67-year-old man treated with a modified technique that used a percutaneous approach via reticular or spider veins at the margin of the ulcer bed. PMID:24142137

  9. [Percutaneous tracheotomy: personal contributions to the technique].

    PubMed

    Gaillard, J F; Serpe, P

    2002-04-01

    We developed within our service of intensive care a hybrid procedure combining the advantages of the techniques of Caglia and Fantoni. Ventilation downstream from the site of dilatation, thanks to a longer tracheal tube of small diameter, ensures an optimal spirometry and reduces to a minimum the time of apnea. It decreases the risks of per-operational subcutaneous emphysema. A system of camera video assembled on a flexible fibroscope allows a direct vision on television screen. The operator can, constantly, visualise his gesture in one glance, in real time. Such an approach increases the security and the effectiveness of the method. The procedure remains nevertheless simple and does not require a thorough experience in percutaneous dilatational tracheotomy. PMID:12073794

  10. Percutaneous Vertebroplasty in Painful Schmorl Nodes

    SciTech Connect

    Masala, Salvatore, E-mail: salva.masala@tiscali.it; Pipitone, Vincenzo; Tomassini, Marco; Massari, Francesco; Romagnoli, Andrea; Simonetti, Giovanni ['Tor Vergata' University, General Hospital, Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Radiology (Italy)

    2006-02-15

    The Schmorl node represents displacement of intervertebral disc tissue into the vertebral body. Both Schmorl nodes and degenerative disc disease are common in the human spine. We performed a retrospective study, for the period from January 2003 to February 2005, evaluating 23 patients affected by painful Schmorl nodes, who underwent in our department percutaneous transpedicular injection of polymethylmethacrylate (vertebroplasty) in order to solve their back pain not responsive to medical and physical management. Eighteen patients reported improvement of the back pain and no one reported a worsening of symptoms. Improvement was swift and persistent in reducing symptoms. Painful Schmorl nodes, refractory to medical or physical therapy, should be considered as a new indication within those vertebral lesions adequately treatable utilizing Vertebroplasty procedure.

  11. Bioresorbable scaffolds for percutaneous coronary interventions

    PubMed Central

    Gogas, Bill D.

    2014-01-01

    Innovations in drug-eluting stents (DES) have substantially reduced rates of in-segment restenosis and early stent thrombosis, improving clinical outcomes following percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). However a fixed metallic implant in a vessel wall with restored patency and residual disease remains a precipitating factor for sustained local inflammation, in-stent neo-atherosclerosis and impaired vasomotor function increasing the risk for late complications attributed to late or very late stent thrombosis and late target lesion revascularization (TLR) (late catch-up). The quest for optimal coronary stenting continues by further innovations in stent design and by using biocompatible materials other than cobalt chromium, platinum chromium or stainless steel for engineering coronary implants. Bioresorbable scaffolds made of biodegradable polymers or biocorrodible metals with properties of transient vessel scaffolding, local drug-elution and future restoration of vessel anatomy, physiology and local hemodynamics have been recently developed. These devices have been utilized in selected clinical applications so far providing preliminary evidence of safety showing comparable performance with current generation drug-eluting stents (DES). Herein we provide a comprehensive overview of the current status of these technologies, we elaborate on the potential benefits of transient coronary scaffolds over permanent stents in the context of vascular reparation therapy, and we further focus on the evolving challenges these devices have to overcome to compete with current generation DES. Condensed Abstract:: The quest for optimizing percutaneous coronary interventions continues by iterative innovations in device materials beyond cobalt chromium, platinum chromium or stainless steel for engineering coronary implants. Bioresorbable scaffolds made of biodegradable polymers or biocorrodible metals with properties of transient vessel scaffolding; local drug-elution and future restoration of vessel anatomy, physiology and local hemodynamics were recently developed. These devices have been utilized in selected clinical applications providing preliminary evidence of safety showing comparable intermediate term clinical outcomes with current generation drug-eluting stents. PMID:25780795

  12. Percutaneous Management of Biliary Strictures After Pediatric Liver Transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Miraglia, Roberto, E-mail: rmiraglia@ismett.edu; Maruzzelli, Luigi; Caruso, Settimo [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (IsMeTT), Department of Radiology (Italy); Riva, Silvia [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (IsMeTT), Department of Pediatric Hepatology (Italy); Spada, Marco [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (IsMeTT), Department of Transplantation Surgery (Italy); Luca, Angelo [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (IsMeTT), Department of Radiology (Italy); Gridelli, Bruno [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (IsMeTT), Department of Transplantation Surgery (Italy)

    2008-09-15

    We analyze our experience with the management of biliary strictures (BSs) in 27 pediatric patients who underwent liver transplantation with the diagnosis of BS. Mean recipient age was 38 months (range, 2.5-182 months). In all patients percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, biliary catheter placement, and bilioplasty were performed. In 20 patients the stenoses were judged resolved by percutaneous balloon dilatation and the catheters removed. Mean number of balloon dilatations performed was 4.1 (range, 3-6). No major complications occurred. All 20 patients are symptom-free with respect to BS at a mean follow-up of 13 months (range, 2-46 months). In 15 of 20 patients (75%) one course of percutaneous stenting and bilioplasty was performed, with no evidence of recurrence of BS at a mean follow-up of 15 months (range, 2-46 months). In 4 of 20 patients (20%) two courses of percutaneous stenting and bilioplasty were performed; the mean time to recurrence was 9.8 months (range, 2.4-24 months). There was no evidence of recurrence of BS at a mean follow-up of 12 months (range, 2-16 months). In 1 of 20 patients (5%) three courses of percutaneous stenting and bilioplasty were performed; there was no evidence of recurrence of BS at a mean follow-up of 10 months. In conclusion, BS is a major problem following pediatric liver transplantation. Radiological percutaneous treatment is safe and effective, avoiding, in most cases, surgical revision of the anastomosis.

  13. Comparison of transradial and transfemoral artery approach for percutaneous coronary angiography and angioplasty: A retrospective seven-year experience from a north Indian center

    PubMed Central

    Tewari, Satyendra; Sharma, Naveen; Kapoor, Aditya; Syal, Sanjeev Kumar; Kumar, Sudeep; Garg, Naveen; Goel, Pravin K.

    2013-01-01

    Background With the increasing prevalence of coronary artery disease, percutaneous coronary artery procedures have become even more important. Our study has compared transradial to transfemoral artery approach for coronary procedures in Indian population. Aims and objective Comparison of transradial and transfemoral artery approach for percutaneous coronary procedures. Material & methods 26,238 patients, who underwent percutaneous coronary artery procedures, were divided into two groups depending upon transradial and transfemoral artery approach and compared for the various demographic and clinical characteristics, risk factors profile, vascular access and procedural details. Results 26,238 patients underwent percutaneous coronary procedures at our center. 81% were male and 19% were female. 55.65% and 44.35% procedures were done through transfemoral and transradial approach, respectively. 17,417 (66.38%) coronary angiographies were done, out of which 53.92% were transradial and 46.08% were transfemoral procedures. 8821 (33.62%) Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) were done, out of which 25.46% and 74.54% were done through transradial and transfemoral approach, respectively. Mean fluoroscopy time was 4.40 ± 3.55 min for transradial and 3.30 ± 3.66 min for transfemoral CAG (p < 0.001). For PTCA mean fluoroscopy time was 13.53 ± 2.53 min for transradial and 12.61 ± 9.524 min for transfemoral PTCA (p < 0.001). Minor and major procedure related complications and total duration of hospital stay were lower in transradial as compared to transfemoral group. Conclusion The number of percutaneous transradial procedures have increased significantly with reduced complication rates and comparable success rate to transfemoral approach, along with the additional benefits to patient in terms of patient comfort, preference and reduced cost of health delivery. PMID:23992998

  14. Successful exclusion of subclavian aneurysms with covered nitinol stents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ulrike Szeimies; Georg Kueffer; Beate Stoeckelhuber; Bernd Steckmeier

    1998-01-01

    Two cases of percutaneous endoluminal exclusion of a subclavian aneurysm with a Dacron-coated nitinol stent are presented.\\u000a One subclavian aneurysm followed trauma; the other was due to thoracic outlet stenosis which was caused by a cervical rib.\\u000a In both patients the aneurysm was excluded successfully. The follow-up periods were 22 and 14 months, respectively. Stenoses\\u000a at the stent graft occurred

  15. [Successful aging].

    PubMed

    Nager, F

    2003-10-29

    Age: an annoying burden or a priceless gain? The ancient physicians differentiated between senium and senectus to describe old age. In modern-day terminology, the former corresponds to the deficit model, the latter to the competence model of old age. Its success or failure is dependent on biological, psychological, social and mental determinants. In the first part, these four determinants will be compared from the perspectives of competence and deficit, success and failure. The second part will outline selected meaningful aspects of the art of living that are relevant for successful ageing, namely, an awareness for the transient nature of life, attention to life, conciliation with oneself, F. Nietzsche's higher state of health, attention to god and humor. PMID:14640023

  16. Percutaneous transvenous retrieval of intracardiac port-a-cath catheter fragment: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Said, S.A.M.; Fast, J.H.; Stassen, C.M.; Schepers-Bok, R.; Zijlstra, J.J.; Dankbaar, H.; van Driel, B.; Heijmans, H.J.

    2004-01-01

    A female patient, 36 years of age, with a metastasised left breast cancer received several courses of chemotherapy for aggressive local tumour growth and multiple metastatic activity. In the current patient, surgical ablation of the left breast was carried out. Also loco-regional radio-therapy was conducted. To facilitate the administration of chemotherapy courses and prevent thrombophlebitis a vascular access port (port-a-cath) was surgically inserted via the right subclavian vein. After a few successful administrations of chemotherapeutic drugs the vascular port stopped functioning. It was demonstrated that a detached catheter fragment had dislodged into the right ventricle. Successful percutaneous, transvenous removal of the entrapped catheter fragment by the Gooseneck retrieval loop snare from the right ventricle was performed via the right femoral vein access. The procedure was uncomplicated and the patient tolerated the procedure well. ImagesFigure 1A and BFigure 2Figure 3 PMID:25696309

  17. Validation of percutaneous puncture trajectory during renal access using 4D ultrasound reconstruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodrigues, Pedro L.; Rodrigues, Nuno F.; Fonseca, Jaime C.; Vilaça, João. L.

    2015-03-01

    An accurate percutaneous puncture is essential for disintegration and removal of renal stones. Although this procedure has proven to be safe, some organs surrounding the renal target might be accidentally perforated. This work describes a new intraoperative framework where tracked surgical tools are superimposed within 4D ultrasound imaging for security assessment of the percutaneous puncture trajectory (PPT). A PPT is first generated from the skin puncture site towards an anatomical target, using the information retrieved by electromagnetic motion tracking sensors coupled to surgical tools. Then, 2D ultrasound images acquired with a tracked probe are used to reconstruct a 4D ultrasound around the PPT under GPU processing. Volume hole-filling was performed in different processing time intervals by a tri-linear interpolation method. At spaced time intervals, the volume of the anatomical structures was segmented to ascertain if any vital structure is in between PPT and might compromise the surgical success. To enhance the volume visualization of the reconstructed structures, different render transfer functions were used. Results: Real-time US volume reconstruction and rendering with more than 25 frames/s was only possible when rendering only three orthogonal slice views. When using the whole reconstructed volume one achieved 8-15 frames/s. 3 frames/s were reached when one introduce the segmentation and detection if some structure intersected the PPT. The proposed framework creates a virtual and intuitive platform that can be used to identify and validate a PPT to safely and accurately perform the puncture in percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

  18. Percutaneous vertebral augmentation for painful osteolytic vertebral metastasis: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Anselmetti, Giovanni C; Tutton, Sean M; Facchini, Francis R; Miller, Larry E; Block, Jon E

    2012-01-01

    Introduction Vertebral metastases are associated with significant pain, disability, and morbidity. Open surgery for fracture stabilization is often inappropriate in this population due to a poor risk-benefit profile, particularly if life expectancy is short. Percutaneous vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are appealing adjunctive procedures in patients with malignancy for alleviation of intractable pain. However, these patients have higher risk of serious complications, notably cement extravasation. Described in this report is a case of a painful osteolytic vertebral metastasis that was successfully treated by a novel percutaneous vertebral augmentation system. Case presentation A 42-year-old Caucasian female presented with a history of metastatic lung cancer unresponsive to radiation and chemotherapy with symptoms inadequately controlled by opiates over the previous 6 months. Magnetic resonance imaging and spiral computed tomography with two-dimensional reconstruction showed an osteolytic vertebral metastasis with complete involvement of the T10 vertebral body, extending to the cortical vertebral wall anteriorly and posteriorly. The patient was treated with percutaneous vertebral augmentation (Kiva® VCF Treatment System, Benvenue Medical, Inc, Santa Clara, CA) utilizing a novel coil-shaped polyetheretherketone implant designed to minimize the risk of cement extravasation. After the minimally invasive procedure, bone cement distribution within the vertebral body was ideal, with no observed cement extravasation. No complications were reported, pain completely resolved within 24 hours, and use of intravenous narcotics was progressively diminished within 1 week. Complete pain relief was maintained throughout 4 months of follow-up. Conclusion The Kiva System represents a novel and effective minimally invasive treatment option for patients suffering from severe pain due to osteolytic vertebral metastasis. PMID:23754917

  19. Management of Postoperative Lymphoceles After Lymphadenectomy: Percutaneous Catheter Drainage With and Without Povidone-Iodine Sclerotherapy

    SciTech Connect

    Alago, William, E-mail: alagow@mskcc.org; Deodhar, Ajita; Michell, Hans; Sofocleous, Constantinos T.; Covey, Anne M.; Solomon, Stephen B.; Getrajdman, George I. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Interventional Radiology Service, Department of Radiology (United States)] [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Interventional Radiology Service, Department of Radiology (United States); Dalbagni, Guido [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Urology Service, Department of Surgery (United States)] [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Urology Service, Department of Surgery (United States); Brown, Karen T. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Interventional Radiology Service, Department of Radiology (United States)] [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Interventional Radiology Service, Department of Radiology (United States)

    2013-04-15

    To report our single-center experience in managing symptomatic lymphoceles after lymphadenectomy for genitourinary and gynecologic malignancy and to compare clinical outcomes of percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) alone versus PCD with transcatheter povidone-iodine sclerotherapy (TPIS). The medical records of patients who presented for percutaneous drainage of pelvic lymphoceles from February 1999 to September 2007 were retrospectively reviewed. Catheters with prolonged outputs >50 cc/day were treated with TPIS. Technical success was defined as the ability to achieve complete resolution of the lymphocele. Clinical success was defined as resolution of the patient's symptoms that prompted the intervention. Sixty-four patients with 70 pelvic lymphoceles were treated. Forty-six patients (71.9 %) had PCD, and 18 patients (28.1 %) had multisession TPIS. The mean initial cavity size was 294.9 cc for those treated with TPIS and 228.2 cc for those treated with PCD alone (range 15-1,600) (p = 0.59). Mean duration of catheter drainage was 19 days (29 days with TPIS, 16 days with PCD, p = 0.001). Mean clinical follow-up was 22.6 months. Technical success was 74.3 % with PCD and 100 % with TPIS. Clinical success was 97 % with PCD and 100 % with TPIS. Postprocedural complications included pericatheter fluid leakage (n = 4), catheter dislodgement (n = 3), catheter occlusion (n = 9), and secondary infection of the collection (n = 4). PCD of symptomatic lymphoceles is an effective postoperative management technique. Initial cavity size is not an accurate predictor of the need for TPIS. When indicated, TPIS is safe and effective with catheter outputs >50 cc/day.

  20. Preliminary Study of Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy on an Ambulatory Basis

    PubMed Central

    El-Tabey, Magdy Ahmed; Abd-Allah, Osama Abdel-Wahab; Ahmed, Ahmed Sebaey; El-Barky, Ehab Mohammed; Noureldin, Yasser Abdel-Sattar

    2014-01-01

    Objective Preliminary study to assess the feasibility and safety of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) as an ambulatory procedure. Patients and Methods Between February 2011 and September 2012, 84 patients with renal calculi fulfilling the inclusion criteria were admitted to the Urology Department of Benha University Hospitals for PCNL. All patients were subjected to a full medical history, clinical, laboratory and radiological examinations. Tubeless PCNLs were done in the supine position, and an antegrade double-J stent was inserted. Operative time and intraoperative complications were recorded. Postoperatively, the hematocrit value, postoperative pain and analgesics, need of blood transfusion, stone-free rate, and length of hospital stay were recorded. Stable patients that could be safely discharged within 24 hours after surgery were considered ambulatory. Results All cases of tubeless PCNL were successfully done and no cases converted to open surgery. The overall stone-free rate was 91.7%, the mean postoperative pain score measured by the visual analog scale was 4.4 ± 1.2, the mean overall hematocrit deficit was 4.8 ± 2.2% and the mean hospital stay was 33.4 ± 17.5 hours. Ambulatory PCNL was accomplished in 60 out of 84 patients (71.4%) and double-J stents were removed 7-10 days postoperatively. In the non-ambulatory cases, double-J stents were removed after auxillary procedures were done according to each case. Conclusion PCNL can be safely done on an ambulatory basis under strict criteria, but further studies are needed to confirm and expand these findings. PMID:24917771

  1. [Patients facing with the decision to undergo percutaneous coronary intervention].

    PubMed

    Bobbio, Marco

    2015-03-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a common procedure to treat coronary artery stenoses. Several studies had demonstrated that PCI does not reduce the risk of death or myocardial infarction when performed to patients with stable angina. However it has been observed that most patients believe that PCI will reduce their risk for death and myocardial infarction. On the other hand, cardiologists generally acknowledge the limitation of PCI according to the current literature.Cardiologists' decision to refer a patient to PCI is based on factors other then perceived benefits such as fear of missing a needed procedure, defensive medicine, desire of demonstrating their professional competence, vested professional and economic interests, accomplish patient expectation, the so called oculo-stenotic reflex, when a lesion is dilated regardless the clinical indication. Patients' misleading perception of harm and benefits of a procedure is mainly related to the cognitive dissonance, when individuals tend to reduce the conflict of an uncomfortable decision adopting information, which are likely to reduce their discomfort. Furthermore, patients believe that doing more means doing better, that technologic intervention are better than pharmacological treatment that in turn are better than doing nothing. Finally, they assume that a procedure is really effective since their physician suggested it.It should be emphasized that physicians and patients do not communicate successfully about key decision and how little we know about patient understanding of the factors that influence important medical care decisions. Although considerable attention is given to facilitating informed consent, patients' perceived benefits of elective PCI do not match existing evidence, as they overestimated both the benefits and urgency of their procedures. These findings suggest that an even greater effort at patient education is needed prior to elective PCI to facilitate fully informed decision-making. PMID:25805221

  2. Abciximab-induced alveolar hemorrhage after percutaneous coronary intervention

    PubMed Central

    Conley, Maria; Patino, Gilberto; Romick, Benjamin; Almaleh, Michael; Campbell, Charles; Hawkins, Karin; Moore, Scott; Allan, Patrick

    2008-01-01

    Abciximab, a platelet glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitor, has been shown to improve clinical outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. However, there is a well-documented increase in bleeding risk associated with the use of this agent. Spontaneous pulmonary hemorrhage is a particularly rare and easily misdiagnosed complication that requires early diagnosis to ensure patient survival. A 61-year-old man presented to the emergency department with chest pain and inferolateral ST elevation on electrocardiogram. A paclitaxel drug-eluting stent was then placed in the left circumflex artery, without complications. Abciximab (a bolus of 0.25 mg/kg followed by an infusion of 10 mg/min for 12 h) was given. Approximately 20 min later, the patient developed dyspnea and hemoptysis. A chest radiograph revealed new bilateral diffuse interstitial infiltrates, and the patient was started on empirical antibiotics for pneumonia. Because of increasing dyspnea and somnolence, the patient was intubated and bronchoscopy was performed, revealing serial hemorrhagic returns from the left lower lobe, diagnostic of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage and judged to be secondary to abciximab, given the time course. All antiplatelet and antithrombotic agents were stopped. The patient stabilized over the next several days, with some recurrent hemoptysis, and was successfully extubated seven days later. Prognosis remains poor in GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor-induced pulmonary hemorrhage, and early diagnosis is critical so that antithrombotic and antiplatelet agents may be discontinued in a timely manner. A high degree of suspicion is required when treating a patient who presents with dyspnea and new radiological infiltrates after receiving a GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor. PMID:18273491

  3. Percutaneous Vascular Closure System Based on an Extravascular, Bioabsorbable Polyglycolic Plug (ExoSeal): Results from 1000 Patients

    PubMed Central

    Kamusella, P; Wissgott, C; Jahnke, T; Brossmann, J; Scheer, F; Lüdtke, CW; Andresen, R

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE The objective of this prospective study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a percutaneous closure system based on a polyglycolic acid plug for achieving hemostasis. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this study from 2011 to 2014, a percutaneous vascular closure system (ExoSeal) was used in 1000 patients (mean age 70.6 ± 10.2 years), using antegrade and retrograde techniques within the context of an angiographic intervention. The system was used in conjunction with transfemoral approaches with a sheath size of 6F. Post the intervention (on the following day and after 6 weeks), follow-up was conducted clinically and using color-coded duplex ultrasound. RESULTS Immediate hemostasis was achieved in 939/1000 patients (93.9%). In the remaining 61 cases, a correct positioning of the polyglycolic acid plug was not possible because of malfunctioning of the device, massive vascular wall calcifications, postoperative scar tissue, or too steep a puncture angle. In these cases, manual compression was successful. There was one retroperitoneal bleeding requiring transfusion. Minor complications were observed (7.4% in total) with 10 pseudoaneurysm (1%), 63 inguinal hematomas (up to 3 cm; 6.3%), and 1 stenosis (0.1%). CONCLUSION Safe and effective hemostasis is possible with the percutaneous ExoSeal closure system at puncture sizes of 6F.

  4. Exsanguinating tuberculosis-related hemoptysis: bronchial blocker introduced through percutaneous tracheostomy.

    PubMed

    Spicek-Macan, J; Hodoba, N; Nikolic, I; Stancic-Rokotov, D; Kolaric, N; Popovic-Grle, S

    2009-06-01

    Life-threatening hemoptysis is very rare and, fortunately, not many physicians have experienced it. The unpredictability of massive hemoptysis is often underestimated in seemingly stable patients and becomes fatal within a few minutes. The current definitions of massive and/or life-threatening hemoptysis in the medical literature are inadequate and the specific recommendations for the management of such conditions, based on sporadic case reports, are inadequate as well. We report herein a case of active tuberculosis-related exsanguinating hemoptysis (>1500 mL of blood within minutes) in a 26-year-old male, which illustrates the essential issues in the management of this condition; the pertinent literature is also reviewed. After a cardiac arrest with successful resuscitation, in an effort to reduce the risk of recurrent hemoptysis, we introduced a bronchial blocker (i.e., a Fogarty catheter), as guided by a fiberoptic bronchoscope, into the right main bronchus through several days earlier performed percutaneous tracheostomy because of patient's respiratory insufficiency. Several factors played a crucial role in the patient's survival. The main purpose of this case report is to contribute to the management of hemoptysis that leads to exsanguination within minutes and the originality of this report entails the introduction of bronchial blocker through the percutaneous tracheal cannula. PMID:19078901

  5. Bionic approach for the prevention of exit-site infections of percutaneous devices.

    PubMed

    Großhauser, Johannes; Reiter, Katja; Große-Siestrup, Christian; Kikhney, Judith; Kertzscher, Ulrich; Affeld, Klaus

    2015-06-01

    Exit-site infections remain one of the main complications for percutaneous devices, such as catheters for peritoneal dialysis or drivelines for ventricular assist devices. Many efforts have been made to create a biological seal, yet without long-term success. This study investigates a new kind of percutaneous device which is coated with an extricable polymeric membrane. The bionic approach applies the naturally outwards directed growth of skin structures to technology: by pulling the protective membrane it slowly grows out of the body and a developing sulcus is exposed to dry air and an infection is avoided. In a feasibility study this kind of device was shown to reduce the rate of infection. To further investigate these devices, they were implanted in the skin of goats and observed for a period of more than 500 days. The membranes were pulled with a force of up to 2 N and the resulting movement was recorded. When being pulled, the membranes moved 0.4-0.9 mm per week, showing that the application of a continuously acting, defined force on the protective membrane causes the desired slow movement. PMID:25781657

  6. Percutaneous yttrium aluminum garnet-laser lithotripsy of intrahepatic stones and casts after liver transplantation.

    PubMed

    Schlesinger, Nis Hallundbaek; Svenningsen, Peter; Frevert, Susanne; Wettergren, André; Hillingsø, Jens

    2015-06-01

    Bile duct stones and casts (BDSs) contribute importantly to morbidity after liver transplantation (LT). The purpose of this study was to estimate the clinical efficacy, safety, and long-term results of percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopic lithotripsy (PTCSL) in transplant recipients and to discuss underlying factors affecting the outcome. A retrospective chart review revealed 18 recipients with BDSs treated by PTCSL laser lithotripsy with a holmium-yttrium aluminum garnet laser probe at 365 to 550 µm. They were analyzed in a median follow-up time of 55 months. In all but 1 patient (17/18 or 94%), it was technically feasible to clear all BDSs with a mean of 1.3 sessions. PTCSL was unsuccessful in 1 patient because of multiple stones impacting the bile ducts bilaterally; 17% had early complications (Clavien II). All biliary casts were successfully cleared; 39% had total remission; 61% needed additional interventions in the form of percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography and dilation (17%), re-PTCSL (11%), self-expandable metallic stents (22%), or hepaticojejunostomy (6%); and 22% eventually underwent retransplantation. The overall liver graft survival rate was 78%. Two patients died during follow-up for reasons not related to their BDS. Nonanastomotic strictures (NASs) were significantly associated with treatment failure. We conclude that PTCSL in LT patients is safe and feasible. NASs significantly increased the risk of relapse. Repeated minimally invasive treatments, however, prevented graft failure in 78% of the cases. Liver Transpl 21:831-837, 2015. © 2015 AASLD. PMID:25821134

  7. Percutaneous vertebroplasty combined with interstitial implantation of 125I seeds in banna mini-pigs

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Although brachytherapy is one of the most effective ways to treat metastatic spinal tumor with little damage to surrounding healthy tissue, it may cause radiation myelopathy if an overdose occurs. Establishing a valuable animal model can help to find a method to overcome its complications. In the current study, we set up a banna mini-pig model to mimic percutaneous vertebroplasty with 125I seed implantation. Methods Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) combined with interstitial implantation of 125I seeds, 125I seeds were transplanted into the vertebral body at the T13 level of the spine in banna mini-pigs. After raising them for up to eight months, the spinal cord and vertebral body were collected for pathological analysis. Results A potential animal model had been successfully established, no case of radiation myelopathy was found in any of the treated banna pigs, and no significant cellular impairment was noted by pathological analysis. Conclusions It proves that PVP with 125I brachytherapy is an effective method to treat metastasis spinal tumor, and that the banna mini-pig can be a suitable model to investigate the mechanism of brachytherapy complications. PMID:23442259

  8. Percutaneous Treatment of Heterogenous Predominantly Solid Echopattern Echinococcal Cysts of the Liver

    SciTech Connect

    Haddad, Maurice C. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, American University of Beirut Medical Center, P.O. Box 113-6044, Beirut, Lebanon, (Lebanon); Sammak, Bassam M. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Imaging, Armed Forces Hospital, P.O. Box 7897, Riyadh 11159, Saudi Arabia, (Saudi Arabia); Al-Karawi, Mohammad [Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Armed Forces Hospital, P.O. Box 7897, Riyadh 11159 (Saudi Arabia)

    2000-03-15

    Purpose: We report our technique for and results of percutaneous treatment of heterogenous, predominantly solid echopattern hepatic hydatid cysts (HHC), i.e., complex type IV cysts according to Gharbi's sonographic classification of HHC.Methods: Eight patients with nine complex type IV HHC were treated by percutaneous aspiration followed by hypertonic saline ablation, using a 14 Fr van Sonnenberg sump drainage catheter under sonographic and fluoroscopic guidance.Results: Successful drainage of cysts contents was achieved in all eight patients. No major complications, such as anaphylaxis, abdominal dissemination, cyst recurrence, or death, occurred. Minor complications including pain (n = 4), mild fever (n = 5), right reactive pleural effusion (n = 4), and transient hypernatremia (n = 2) were observed and managed conservatively. Follow-up imaging studies for an average period of 15 months (range 1-48 months) showed either complete healing (n 3) or significant reduction in the size of the cyst with solidification (n 6).Conclusion: Nine complex type IV HHC were effectively treated by suction of the membranes and hypertonic saline ablation using a 14 Fr sump drainage catheter, without major complications.

  9. Percutaneous treatmerit of heterogertous predorninantly solid echopattern echinococcal cysts of the liver

    SciTech Connect

    Haddad, Maurice C. [American University of Beirut Medical Center, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Lebanon); Sammak, Bassam M. [Armed Forces Hospital, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Imaging (Saudi Arabia); Al-Karawi, Mohammad [Armed Forces Hospital, Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine (Saudi Arabia)

    2000-03-15

    Purpose: We report our technique for and results of percutaneous treatment of heterogenous, predorninantly solid echopattem hepatic hydatid cysts (HHC), i.e., complex type IV cysts according to Gharbi's sonographie Classification of HHC.Methods: Eight patients with nine complex type IV HHC were treated by percutaneous aspiration followed by hypertonic saline ablation, using a 14 Fr van Sonnenberg sump drainage catheter under Sonographie and fluoroscopic guidance.Results: Successful drainage of cysts contents was achieved in all eight patients. No major complications, such as anaphylaxis, abdominal dissemination, cyst recurrence, or death. oecurred. Minor complications including pain (n=4), mild fever (n=5), right reactive pleural effusion (n=4), and transient hypernatremia (n=2) vvere observed and managed conservatively. Follow-up imaging studies for an average period of 15 months (range 1-48 months) showed either complete healing (n=3) or significant reduetion in the size of the cyst with solidification (n=6).Conclusion: Nine complex type IV HHC were effectively treated by suction of the membranes and hypertonic saline ablation using a 14 Fr sump drainage catheter, without major complications.

  10. Development of a Double-Lumen Cannula for a Percutaneous RVAD.

    PubMed

    Wang, Dongfang; Jones, Cameron; Ballard-Croft, Cherry; Zhao, Ju; Zhao, Guangfeng; Topaz, Stephen; Zwischenberger, Joseph B

    2015-01-01

    The objectives were to design/fabricate a double-lumen cannula (DLC) for a percutaneous right ventricular assist device (pRVAD) and to test the feasibility/performance of this pRVAD system. A 27 Fr DLC prototype was made and tested in six adult sheep. The pRVAD DLC was inserted into the right jugular vein; advanced through the superior vena cava, the right atrium (RA), the right ventricle (RV); ending in the pulmonary artery (PA). A CentriMag pump and optional gas exchanger were connected to the DLC. Blood was withdrawn from RA, pumped through gas exchanger, and perfused PA. Maximal pumping flow was maintained for 2 hours. The pRVAD DLC was successfully deployed in all six sheep. In first three sheep, maximal average pumping flow was less than 3?L/min because the DLC was advanced too far with drainage opening against RA side wall. In last three sheep with well-positioned DLC, average maximal flow was more than 3.5?L/min. The gas exchanger provided up to 230?ml/min CO2 removal and 174?ml/min O2 transfer. Our DLC-based pRVAD system is feasible for percutaneous right heart and respiratory assistance through a single cannulation. The pRVAD DLC can be easily placed prophylactically during left ventricular assist device implantation and removed as needed without additional open chest procedures. PMID:25851314

  11. Percutaneous Transcholecystic Biliary Interventions Using Gallbladder Anchors: Feasibility Study in the Swine

    SciTech Connect

    Lopera, Jorge E., E-mail: jloper@lsuhsc.edu; Kirsch, David; Qian Zhong [Louisiana State University, Department of Radiology (United States); Ruiz, Bernardo [Louisiana State University, Department of Pathology (United States); Brazzini, Augusto; Gonzales, Arturo; Castaneda-Zuniga, Wilfrido [Louisiana State University, Department of Radiology (United States)

    2005-05-15

    The purpose of this study was to report our initial experience with a swine model for biliary interventions by using a percutaneous transcholecystic access after suture anchor of the gallbladder. Telepaque tablets were given to five pigs to opacify the gallbladder. Under fluoroscopy, the opacified gallbladder was punctured percutaneously and three suture anchors were used to fix the anterior wall of the gallbladder to the abdominal wall. Two weeks later, the gallbladder was punctured and access into the distal common bile was obtained through the cystic duct. Balloon expandable stents were deployed into the distal common bile duct. Follow-up cholangiograms were obtained at 1 and 2 weeks. Necropsy was performed after 2 weeks to evaluate the relationship between the gallbladder and abdominal wall. Suture anchor placement was successful in all five pigs. One pig with a deep and highly positioned gallbladder developed fever, anorexia, and vomiting secondary to excessive stretch of the gallbladder. Placement of the guidewire through the extremely tortuous and small cystic ducts proved to be the most challenging step of the procedure. Metallic stents were successfully deployed in all four pigs in which it was attempted. Four animals tolerated the procedures without changes in their clinical conditions and no symptoms. Successful follow-up cholangiograms were performed at 1 and 2 weeks post-stent deployment without complications. All stents remained patent during the follow-up period. Necropsy demonstrated close attachment and adherence of the gallbladders to the antero-lateral abdominal wall in all four animals. Suture anchoring of the gallbladder is feasible in most pigs with superficially located gallbladders. This technique allows a safe and repeat access into the biliary system using a transcholecystic approach.

  12. Reduction of mitral valve regurgitation with Mitraclip® percutaneous system.

    PubMed

    Tamburino, C; Immè, S; Barbanti, M; Mulè, M; Pistritto, A M; Aruta, P; Cammalleri, V; Scarabelli, M; Mangiafico, S; Scandura, S; Ussia, G P

    2010-10-01

    Mitral regurgitation (MR) is the second most common heart valve disease worldwide and the current gold-standard treatment is surgical repair or replacement. Nevertheless, many patients do not undergo surgical intervention due to several comorbidities. Percutaneous "edge-to-edge" mitral valve repair using the MitraClip System is an emerging and effective option to this subset of patients. This device has been used to treat both functional and degenerative mitral valve regurgitation and has been compared to surgery in the Endovascular Valve Edge-to-Edge Repair Study II (EVEREST II) randomized trial. Although the field of percutaneous management of MR is at an early stage, it has been demonstrated that percutaneous approaches can reduce MR, suggesting there is a great deal of potential for clinical benefit to patients with MR. PMID:20948505

  13. Role of Percutaneous Needle Biopsy for Renal Masses

    PubMed Central

    Caoili, Elaine M.; Davenport, Matthew S.

    2014-01-01

    The role of percutaneous renal mass biopsy has expanded considerably in the past 10 years. The incidence of incidentally detected small (< 4 cm) solid renal masses is on the rise, and despite a commensurate increase in nephron-sparing treatment, the mortality rate from renal cell carcinoma remains the same. Earlier detection and treatment have not had dramatic effects on population outcome, implying that not all small renal masses will grow to be life-limiting. Indeed, many small solid renal masses are benign, and among those that are malignant, not all share the same malignant behavior. Percutaneous biopsy provides a minimally invasive method for discriminating benign from malignant renal masses, and portends the potential for stratifying malignant risk. With recent improvements in image-guided equipment and technique, percutaneous renal mass biopsy can be performed safely and effectively, with a low complication rate (< 5%) and a high diagnostic yield (> 90%). PMID:24596436

  14. Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy following total artificial heart implantation.

    PubMed

    Spiliopoulos, Sotirios; Dimitriou, Alexandros Merkourios; Serrano, Maria Rosario; Guersoy, Dilek; Autschbach, Ruediger; Goetzenich, Andreas; Koerfer, Reiner; Tenderich, Gero

    2015-07-01

    Coagulation disorders and an immune-altered state are common among total artificial heart patients. In this context, we sought to evaluate the safety of percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy in cases of prolonged need for mechanical ventilatory support. We retrospectively analysed the charts of 11 total artificial heart patients who received percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy. We focused on early and late complications. We observed no major complications and no procedure-related deaths. Early minor complications included venous oozing (45.4%) and one case of local infection. Late complications, including subglottic stenosis, stomal infection or infections of the lower respiratory tract, were not observed. In conclusion, percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy in total artificial heart patients is safe. Considering the well-known benefits of early tracheotomy over prolonged translaryngeal intubation, we advocate early timing of therapy in cases of prolonged mechanical ventilation. PMID:25812564

  15. Percutaneous BioOrganic Sealing of Duodenal Fistulas: Case Report and Review of Biological Sealants with Potential Use in Interventional Radiology.

    PubMed

    Wadhwa, Vibhor; Leeper, William R; Tamrazi, Anobel

    2015-08-01

    Biological sealants are being increasingly used in a variety of surgical specialties for their hemostatic and sealing capabilities. However, their use in interventional radiology has not been widely reported. The authors describe a case of duodenal perforation occurring after 15 years of gastric bypass surgery, in whom surgical diversion was unsuccessfully attempted and the leakage was successfully controlled using percutaneous administration of a combination of biological and organic sealants. PMID:25613669

  16. Comparison of outcomes of balloon aortic valvuloplasty plus percutaneous coronary intervention versus percutaneous aortic balloon valvuloplasty alone during the same hospitalization in the United States.

    PubMed

    Singh, Vikas; Patel, Nileshkumar J; Badheka, Apurva O; Arora, Shilpkumar; Patel, Nilay; Macon, Conrad; Savani, Ghanshyambhai T; Manvar, Sohilkumar; Patel, Jay; Thakkar, Badal; Panchal, Vinaykumar; Solanki, Shantanu; Patel, Neil; Chothani, Ankit; Panaich, Sidakpal S; Ram, Vinny; Kliger, Chad A; Schreiber, Theodore; O' Neill, William; Cohen, Mauricio G; Alfonso, Carlos E; Grines, Cindy L; Mangi, Abeel; Pfau, Steven; Forrest, John K; Cleman, Michael; Makkar, Raj

    2015-02-15

    The use of percutaneous aortic balloon balvotomy (PABV) in high surgical risk patients has resurged because of development of less invasive endovascular therapies. We compared outcomes of concomitant PABV and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with PABV alone during same hospitalization using nation's largest hospitalization database. We identified patients and determined time trends using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification, procedure code for valvulotomy from Nationwide Inpatient Sample database 1998 to 2010. Only patients >60 years with aortic stenosis were included. Primary outcome included in-hospital mortality, and secondary outcomes included procedural complications, length of stay (LOS), and cost of hospitalization. Total 2,127 PABV procedures were identified, with 247 in PABV + PCI group and 1,880 in the PABV group. Utilization rate of concomitant PABV + PCI during same hospitalization increased by 225% from 5.1% in 1998 to 1999 to 16.6% in 2009 to 2010 (p <0.001). Overall in-hospital mortality rate and complication rates in PABV + PCI group were similar to that of PABV group (10.3% vs 10.5% and 23.4% vs 24.7%, respectively). PABV + PCI group had similar LOS but higher hospitalization cost (median [interquartile range] $30,089 [$21,925 to $48,267] versus $18,421 [$11,482 to $32,215], p <0.001) in comparison with the PABV group. Unstable condition, occurrence of any complication, and weekend admission were the main predictors of increased LOS and cost of hospital admission. Concomitant PCI and PABV during the same hospitalization are not associated with change in in-hospital mortality, complications rate, or LOS compared with PABV alone; however, it increases the cost of hospitalization. PMID:25543235

  17. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy made easier: a practical guide, tips and tricks.

    PubMed

    Ko, Raymond; Soucy, Frédéric; Denstedt, John D; Razvi, Hassan

    2008-03-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) plays an integral role in managing large renal stones. Establishing percutaneous renal access is the most crucial step in the procedure and requires a thorough understanding of renal, retroperitoneal and thoracic anatomy to minimize the risk of complications. Moreover, access to fluoroscopy and the proper equipment are critical to ensuring complete stone removal. In this review we describe the technique of PCNL used in a high-volume endourology centre, where the urologist is involved in all aspects of the procedure. PMID:17922862

  18. Percutaneous Ventricular Assist Devices: New Deus Ex Machina?

    PubMed Central

    Arroyo, Diego; Cook, Stéphane

    2011-01-01

    The development of ventricular assist devices has broadened the means with which one can treat acute heart failure. Percutaneous ventricular assist devices (pVAD) have risen from recent technological advances. They are smaller, easier, and faster to implant, all important qualities in the setting of acute heart failure. The present paper briefly describes the functioning and assets of the most common devices used today. It gives an overview of the current evidence and indications for left ventricular assist device use in cardiogenic shock and high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention. Finally, extracorporeal life support devices are dealt with in the setting of hemodynamic support. PMID:22091361

  19. Bedside Tracheostomy and Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy on the Patient's Television.

    PubMed

    Hinds, Jerre; Tatum, Danielle

    2015-01-01

    Bedside surgical procedures such as percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) placement in ICU settings are widely accepted; however, these procedures often require the addition of bulky equipment into the patient's room, which consumes valuable space and restrict workflow. A practice modification was developed in our trauma program, which reduces clutter in the patient's room, streamlines workflow, and results in better patient care and teaching. Simple and cost-effective, this has become the standard in our trauma center and could be of benefit to other institutions as well. PMID:25961481

  20. Comparison of Percutaneous Ablation Technologies in the Treatment of Malignant Liver Tumors

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Hyeon; Burke, Charles T.

    2014-01-01

    Tumor ablation is a minimally invasive technique used to deliver chemical, thermal, electrical, or ultrasonic damage to a specific focal tumor in an attempt to achieve substantial tumor destruction or complete eradication. As the technology continues to advance, several image-guided tumor ablations have emerged to effectively manage primary and secondary malignancies in the liver. Percutaneous chemical ablation is one of the oldest and most established techniques for treating small hepatocellular carcinomas. However, this technique has been largely replaced by newer modalities including radiofrequency ablation, microwave ablation, laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy, cryoablation, high-intensity–focused ultrasound ablation, and irreversible electroporation. Because there exist significant differences in underlying technological bases, understanding each mechanism of action is essential for achieving desirable outcomes. In this article, the authors review the current state of each ablation method including technological and clinical considerations. PMID:25071303

  1. Percutaneous hepatic radiofrequency for hepatocellular carcinoma: results and outcome of 46 patients

    PubMed Central

    Bertrand, Julie; Caillol, Fabrice; Borentain, Patrick; Raoul, Jean-Luc; Heyries, Laurent; Bories, Erwan; Pesenti, Christian; Ratone, Jean-Philippe; Bernard, Jean-Paul; Gerolami, René; Giovannini, Marc

    2015-01-01

    Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a curative option for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common primary malignancy of the liver. This bicentric retrospective study includes 46 patients admitted for their first percutaneous RFA for HCC. Sixty-three nodules were treated, with an average size of 32.5 mm. Our study confirms the efficiency of this technique for attaining necrosis of HCC nodules, with few complications. Subgroup studies according to RFA mode (mono- or multipolar), etiology of cirrhosis (alcoholic or viral), and HCC size showed better efficiency for multipolar RFA when applied to small tumors and better survival when the cirrhosis was due to viral infection. However, we noted a high rate of local recurrence in our and other recent works compared to previous studies, probably due to improved imaging techniques. The main problem is still de novo intrahepatic recurrence in diseased livers. PMID:26056497

  2. Leading Curriculum Innovation in Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brundrett, Mark; Duncan, Diane

    2011-01-01

    This article reports on a study of 40 primary school leaders from ten very successful primary schools who were interviewed in order to find out the skills, processes and practices that are required for the leadership of successful curriculum innovation in primary schools. Findings suggest that school leaders need to create an "ethos for change" if…

  3. Exercise electrocardiography and myocardial scintigraphy in the serial evaluation of the results of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

    SciTech Connect

    Schall, J.M.; Chaitman, B.R.; David, P.R.; Dupras, G.; Brevers, G; Val, P.G.; Crepeau, J.; Lesperance, J.; Bourassa, M.G.

    1982-08-01

    The diagnostic value of exercise electrocardiography using 14 leads and thallium-201 scintigraphy were evaluated in 54 of 70 patients who underwent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), both in the initial assessment and serial follow-up of patients after PTCA. Of the 45 patients who had successful PTCA, 36 had complete noninvasive studies performed before and 1 month after PTCA. The use of clinical symptoms in conjunction with the physiologic data, ECG and myocardial scintigram acquired during exercise provide important short-term data on the angiographic evolution of PTCA results. The noninvasive tests may be useful in determining guidelines for repeat angiography in patients who have had PTCA. (JMT)

  4. The in vitro percutaneous penetration of chlorpyrifos.

    PubMed

    Griffin, P; Payne, M; Mason, H; Freedlander, E; Curran, A D; Cocker, J

    2000-02-01

    Chlorpyrifos is a widely used organophosphate pesticide. In order to study the pharmacokinetics of the penetration of chlorpyrifos through human skin we measured the percutaneous penetration of chlorpyrifos through human skin using an in vitro flow through apparatus. The chlorpyrifos was applied to the skin as a commercial concentrate or as a reference standard dissolved in ethanol. There was a significant difference (P=0.03) between the rate of penetration from the commercial concentrate (9.0 nmoles cm(-2) h(-1)) and that from the reference standard (4.9 nmoles cm(-2) h(-1)). Each experiment was run for 24 h. The recoveries from experiments where chlorpyrifos was applied to the skin as a commercial concentrate and as a reference standard dissolved in ethanol were, respectively, in total 91 and 87% of the applied dose of which 15 and 10% was recovered from the skin, 56 and 66% was recovered from the surface of the skin and 20 and 11% was recovered from the receptor fluid. There was a significant difference in the recoveries from the skin but there was no significant difference in the recoveries from the surface of the skin. We concluded that the majority of a dermal dose of chlorpyrifos was still present at or in the surface of the skin 24 h after application of a dermal dose. Because chlorpyrifos was recovered from the skin after 24 h, it is possible that the skin could act as a reservoir and release chlorpyrifos over a longer period. We also conclude that the solvent vehicle for chlorpyrifos can affect the rate of penetration of the pesticide. PMID:10773839

  5. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography with the Chiba needle in patients with biliary calculi

    SciTech Connect

    Juttijudata, P.; Palavatana, C.; Chiemchaisri, C.; Churnratanakul, S.

    1983-03-01

    In a prospective study, 276 consecutive patients were evaluated using percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) with a Chiba needle prior to surgery for cholestasis. Biliary calculi were diagnosed in 109 patients. The success rate was 92.4% overall, 93.6% among patients with biliary calculi, 83.3% in those with cholelithiasis, 97.3% in those with choledocholithiasis, and 100.0% in those with intrahepatic stones. The overall morbidity rate was 4.6%, including hemoperitoneum in 1.8% and bile leakage in 2.8%. There were no deaths. This technique offers a more definitive diagnosis than noninvasive procedures, especially with small calculi, but is also more traumatic. PTC may play an important role when noninvasive methods are inconclusive or in difficult cases, particularly following surgery on the common bile duct.

  6. Conversion of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy to gastrojejunostomy under fluoroscopic guidance for treatment of gastrocutaneous fistula.

    PubMed

    Kim, Joon-Sung; Baik, Jun Hyun; Lim, Seong Hoon; Hong, Bo Young; Jo, Leechan

    2015-02-01

    Persistent enterocutaneous fistula after the removal of a gastrostomy tube is an unusual complication of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). The following case report describes an 81-year-old man diagnosed with stroke and dysphagia in May 2008. The patient had been using a PEG since 2008, and PEG site infection occurred in June 2013. The PEG tube was removed and a new PEG tube was inserted. Thereafter, formation of gastrocutaneous fistula around the previous infected PEG site was observed. The fistula was refractory to medical management, accompanied by long duration of fasting and peripheral alimentation. Therefore, gastrojejunostomy tube insertion via the previously inserted PEG tube was performed, under fluoroscopic guidance; this mode of management was successful. For patients who have a gastrocutaneous fistula, gastrojejunostomy tube insertion via the pre-existing PEG tube is a safe and effective alternative management for enteral feeding. PMID:25750883

  7. Iatrogenic Subtotal Stenosis of the Right Subclavian Artery Treated With Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty

    SciTech Connect

    Smeenk, Robert M., E-mail: r.m.smeenk@asz.nl [Albert Schweitzer Hospital, Department of Surgery (Netherlands); Kock, Mark C. J. M.; Elgersma, Otto E. H. [Albert Schweitzer Hospital, Department of Radiology (Netherlands); Schnater, Marco J. [Albert Schweitzer Hospital, Department of Surgery (Netherlands)

    2011-02-15

    This report describes a rare vascular complication of surgical placement of a marking clip and a possible approach to problem solving. A 55-year-old patient presented with loss of sensation in the fingers and loss of peripheral pulsations in the right arm 4 days after right upper lobectomy for a pT2N1 moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma of the lung. Duplex examination and computed tomography were performed the same day and showed a subtotal stenosis of the right subclavian artery, which was caused by the surgical placement of a metal clip to mark the surgical boundary. Selective angiography was subsequently performed. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) successfully dilated the stenosis and pushed the clip off. Flow in the right subclavian artery (RSA) was completely restored as were neurology and peripheral pulses. In conclusion, arterial stenosis by a surgical (marking) clip may be feasibly treated with PTA.

  8. Conversion of Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy to Gastrojejunostomy Under Fluoroscopic Guidance for Treatment of Gastrocutaneous Fistula

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Joon-Sung; Baik, Jun Hyun; Lim, Seong Hoon; Hong, Bo Young

    2015-01-01

    Persistent enterocutaneous fistula after the removal of a gastrostomy tube is an unusual complication of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). The following case report describes an 81-year-old man diagnosed with stroke and dysphagia in May 2008. The patient had been using a PEG since 2008, and PEG site infection occurred in June 2013. The PEG tube was removed and a new PEG tube was inserted. Thereafter, formation of gastrocutaneous fistula around the previous infected PEG site was observed. The fistula was refractory to medical management, accompanied by long duration of fasting and peripheral alimentation. Therefore, gastrojejunostomy tube insertion via the previously inserted PEG tube was performed, under fluoroscopic guidance; this mode of management was successful. For patients who have a gastrocutaneous fistula, gastrojejunostomy tube insertion via the pre-existing PEG tube is a safe and effective alternative management for enteral feeding. PMID:25750883

  9. Percutaneous radiofrequency rhizotomy of lumbar spinal facets: the results of 46 cases.

    PubMed

    Göçer, A I; Cetinalp, E; Tuna, M; Ildan, F; Ba?dato?lu, H; Haciyakupo?lu, S

    1997-01-01

    The results of percutaneous radiofrequency rhizotomy of lumbar spinal facets in 46 patients followed at least three months (mean 15 months) are reported and compared with those reported previously. Satisfactory pain relief three months after the procedure was achieved in 36.4 percent of patients without operations and in 41.7 percent of patients, with operations other than fusion. No patient had previously undergone fusion. Treatment of low-back pain by using radio-frequency thermocoagulation of spinal facets is a simple, safe, and well-tolerated procedure. It can be used to relief of pain in spite of decreasing rates of success within the follow-up period. PMID:9226670

  10. Percutaneous saphenectomy: a potentially dreadful complication of cutting balloon angioplasty in saphenous vein grafts.

    PubMed

    Tassanawiwat, Worawut; Biondi-Zoccai, Giuseppe G L; Sangiorgi, Giuseppe; Iakovou, Ioannis; Tsagalou, Eleutheria; Melzi, Gloria; Ge, Lei; Morici, Nuccia; Corvaja, Nicola; Colombo, Antonio

    2006-01-26

    Vessel perforation is an uncommon but potentially life-threatening complication of percutaneous coronary intervention and is often associated with the use of atheroablative devices. While effective management means are currently available, such as PTFE-covered stent, pericardiocentesis, and perfusion balloon, a timely and skillful approach is of paramount importance to solve this dreadful complication. We hereby describe a case of saphenous vein graft (SVG) perforation occurring after cutting balloon angioplasty for in-stent restenosis. Despite the immediate occurrence of cardiac arrest due to massive extravasation of contrast in the mediastinum with pericardial tamponade, deep catheter intubation enabled the deployment of two PTFE-covered stents and subsequent sealing of the leak with repeated inflation of a perfusion balloon, while hemopericardium was drained by pericardiocentesis. This clinical vignette emphasizes the role of optimal backup in order to deploy life-saving devices and successfully manage life-threatening pericardial tamponade due to SVG rupture. PMID:16337059

  11. Primary reperfusion in acute right ventricular infarction: An observational study

    PubMed Central

    Lupi-Herrera, Eulo; González-Pacheco, Héctor; Juárez-Herrera, Úrsulo; Espinola-Zavaleta, Nilda; Chuquiure-Valenzuela, Eduardo; Villavicencio-Fernández, Ramón; Peña-Duque, Marco Antonio; Ban-Hayashi, Ernesto; Férez-Santander, Sergio

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the impact of primary reperfusion therapy (RT) on early and late mortality in acute right ventricular infarction (RVI). METHODS: RVI patients (n = 679) were prospectively classified as without right ventricular failure (RVF) (class A, n = 425, 64%), with RVF (class B, n = 158, 24%) or with cardiogenic shock (CS) (class C, n = 96, 12%). Of the 679 patients, 148 (21.7%) were considered to be eligible for thrombolytic therapy (TT) and 351 (51.6%) for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). TIMI 3-flow by TT was achieved for A, B and C RVI class in 65%, 64% and 0%, respectively and with PPCI in 93%, 91% and 87%, respectively. RESULTS: For class A without RT, the mortality rate was 7.9%, with TT was reduced to 4.4% (P < 0.01) and with PPCI to 3.2% (P < 0.01). Considering TT vs PPCI, PPCI was superior (P < 0.05). For class B without RT the mortality was 27%, decreased to 13% with TT (P < 0.01) and to 8.3% with PPCI (P < 0.01). In a TT and PPCI comparison, PPCI was superior (P < 0.01). For class C without RT the in-hospital mortality was 80%, with TT was 100% and with PPCI, the rate decreased to 44% (P < 0.01). At 8 years, the mortality rate without RT for class A was 32%, for class B was 48% and for class C was 85%. When PPCI was successful, the long-term mortality was lower than previously reported for the 3 RVI classes (A: 21%, B: 38%, C: 70%; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: PPCI is superior to TT and reduces short/long-term mortality for all RVI categories. RVI CS patients should be encouraged to undergo PPCI at a specialized center. PMID:24527184

  12. The development of a novel percutaneous lung biopsy procedure for use on feedlot steers

    PubMed Central

    Burgess, Brandy A.; Hendrick, Steve H.; Pollock, Colleen M.; Abutarbush, Sameeh M.; Vogstad, Amanda; Jim, G. Kee; Booker, Calvin W.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop a percutaneous lung biopsy technique to be used on steers in a commercial feedlot setting. Thirty-four crossbred steer and heifer calves from a commercial feedlot in southern Alberta were used in this study. The calves originated from the auction market and all were chronically affected with bovine respiratory disease (BRD). A technique was developed to obtain a lung sample from the right cranioventral lung lobe, intercostal space (ICS) 2, using a manual or an automatic biopsy instrument with a 14- or 12-gauge (ga) biopsy needle. Overall, lung parenchyma was successfully harvested in 55.9% of experimental animals and in 55.0% of lung biopsy trials. Compared with postmortem diagnosis, the biopsy resulted in the same pathologic diagnosis for 75% of biopsy samples when evaluated using standardized criteria by the same veterinary pathologist. The success rate was 61.5% and 42.9% in a hospital or field setting, respectively. With an automatic instrument, lung was recovered from 57.9% and 37.5% of samples obtained using a 12- or 14-ga biopsy needle, respectively. One experimental animal or 2.9% of the total had fatal complications from the procedure. In a commercial feedlot setting, the procedure took 20 min for each animal. Percutaneous lung biopsy of the right cranioventral lung lobe may be a viable technique when used on feedlot steers affected with chronic pneumonia. These findings suggest that using an automatic instrument with either a 14- or 12-ga biopsy needle may yield lung samples that are suitable for histopathological evaluation. However, this technique needs to be further evaluated in a field setting. PMID:22468022

  13. Complications of Transfemoral Removal of Percutaneous Transfemorally Implanted Port-Catheter Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Yahiro, Yoshiyuki; Toyota, Naoyuki, E-mail: naotoyo@hiroshima-u.ac.jp; Kakizawa, Hideaki; Hieda, Masashi; Hirai, Nobuhiko; Naito, Akira; Ito, Katsuhide [Programs for Applied Biomedicine, Graduate School of Biomedical Science, Hiroshima University, Department of Radiology, Division of Medical Intelligence and Informatics (Japan)

    2006-10-15

    Our purpose is to evaluate the feasibility and safety of the withdrawal procedure of percutaneous transfemorally implanted port-catheter systems. Thirty-seven patients (17.7%) underwent the withdrawal procedure of this port-catheter system among 209 patients. The reasons for withdrawal were as follows: termination of intra-arterial chemotherapy (n = 7), obstruction of hepatic artery (n = 5), port infection (n = 4), catheter infection (n = 4), catheter obstruction (n = 4), lower-limb palsy and pain (n = 2), exposure of the port due to skin defect (n = 2), patient's desire (n = 2), side effect of chemotherapy (n = 1), no effectiveness of chemotherapy (n = 1), hematoma at the puncture site (n = 1), duodenum perforation by the catheter (n = 1), intermittent claudication due to severe stenosis of right common iliac artery (n = 1), dissection of common hepatic artery (n = 1), and broken catheter (n = 1). In thirty-four of the 37 cases, the port-catheter system was successfully withdrawn without any complications. Clinical success rate was 91.9%. Complications occurred in three cases (8.1%), which were a pseudoaneurysm, thromboembolism of the right common iliac artery, and continuous bleeding from the subcutaneous pocket where the port system was placed for 1 month. In 15 cases, correction of the catheter tip or exchange for dislocation of the tip had to be done without withdrawal. It is not rare to withdraw port-catheter systems in cases of infection or hematoma around the system. Although withdrawal of a percutaneous transfemorally implanted port-catheter system is a relatively safe procedure, the port-catheter system should not be removed unless absolutely indicated.

  14. Percutaneous Treatment of Peripheral Vascular Malformations in Children: Long-Term Clinical Outcome

    SciTech Connect

    Linden, Edwin van der, E-mail: e.van.der.linden@mchaaglanden.nl [Medical Center Haaglanden, Department of Radiology (Netherlands); Otoide-Vree, Marleen [Medical Center Haaglanden, Landsteiner Institute (Netherlands); Pattynama, Peter M. T. [Groene Hart Hospital, Erasmus Medical Center Rotterdam, Department of Radiology (Netherlands)

    2012-04-15

    Purpose: This study was designed to assess the rate of complications and clinical failure at 3 and 12 months after percutaneous treatment of vascular malformations in children. Furthermore, we describe patient satisfaction of treatment results during 5 years of follow-up. Methods: In a retrospective cohort study, we evaluated 26 patients younger than aged 19 years who were treated for symptomatic vascular malformations. Data on treatment outcomes and patient satisfactions were obtained with a precoded structured questionnaire. Patient files and imaging data were retrieved to obtain information regarding the vascular malformations and treatment. Clinical success was defined as disappearance or partial improvement of the complaints. Patient satisfaction was declared whenever patients answered in the questionnaire that they were satisfied with the treatment results. Results: Of 26 eligible patients, we included 23 (88%). The mean follow-up was 36 (range, 15-127) months. Posttreatment, 87% (20/23; 95% confidence interval (CI), 66-97%) of patients reported clinical success at 3 months. At 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 years of follow-up this percentage was 74%, 59%, 59%, 59%, and 59%, respectively. Eleven (48%, 95% CI 27-69%) patients had experienced complications and 22% (95% CI 7-44%) had major complications, of which 5 had required additional treatment. In all, 83% (19/23) of the patients reported satisfaction with the treatment. Conclusions: Percutaneous treatment of vascular malformations improved clinical symptoms in 87% of the patients at 3 months and were sustainable for half of all patients during a 5-year follow-up period. However, major complications were seen in 22%.

  15. Twenty-year evolution of Percutaneous coronary intervention and its impact on clinical outcomes a report from the NHLBI-sponsored, multicenter 1985–86 Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and 1997–2006 Dynamic Registries

    PubMed Central

    Venkitachalam, Lakshmi; Kip, Kevin E; Selzer, Faith; Wilensky, Robert L; Slater, James; Mulukutla, Suresh R; Marroquin, Oscar C; Block, Peter C; Williams, David O; Kelsey, Sheryl F

    2009-01-01

    Background Percutaneous coronary intervention has undergone rapid progress both in technology and adjunct therapy. However, documentation of long-term temporal trends in relation to contemporary practice is lacking. Methods and Results We analyzed PCI use and outcomes in 8976 consecutive patients in the multicenter NHLBI-sponsored 1985–86 Percutaneous coronary transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and 1997–2006 Dynamic Registries waves [wave 1: 1997–98, bare metal stents; wave 2: 1999, uniform use of stents; wave 3: 2001–02, brachytherapy; waves 4 and 5: 2004–2006, drug-eluting stents]. Patients undergoing PCI in the recent waves were older and more often reported comorbidities than those in the balloon era. PCI was more often performed for acute coronary syndromes and, in spite of the greater disease burden, was more often selective. Procedural success was achieved and maintained more often in the stent era. Significant reductions were observed in in-hospital rates (%) of myocardial infarction (PTCA Registry: 4.9, wave 1: 2.7, wave 2: 2.8, wave 3: 1.9, wave 4: 2.6, wave 5: 2, Ptrend:<0.001) and emergency CABG (PTCA Registry: 3.7, wave 1: 0.4, wave 2: 0.4, wave 3: 0.3, wave 4:0.4, wave 5: 0, Ptrend:<0.001). Compared to the PTCA Registry, risk for repeat revascularization (31–365 days following index PCI) was significantly lower in the Dynamic waves (adjusted hazard ratio, wave 1: 0.72, wave 2: 0.51, wave 3: 0.51, wave 4: 0.30, wave 5: 0.36; P< 0.05 for all). Conclusion Percutaneous interventions, in the last two decades, has evolved to include more urgent, comorbid cases, yet achieving high success rates with significantly reduced need for repeat revascularization. PMID:20031687

  16. GMT primary mirror support

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hull, Charlie

    2014-07-01

    The GMT primary mirror support draws on the heritage developed for the 3.5 m, 6.5 m, and 8.4 m mirrors from the Steward Observatory Mirror Lab. While similar in design philosophy and concept, each successive generation has incorporated refinements based on the experience gained from previous mirrors.

  17. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of renal artery stenosis in children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jean Vincent Courtel; Bertrand Soto; Patrick Niaudet; Marie France Gagnadoux; Michel Carteret; Jean Francois Quignodon; Francis Brunelle

    1998-01-01

    Twenty percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasties were performed on 16 children (mean age 8.7 years) with hypertension\\u000a secondary to renal artery stenosis (RAS). The aetiologies were neurofibromatosis (n = 1), Williams syndrome (n = 2), Takayasu arteritis (n = 1) and fibromuscular dysplasia (n = 12). The stenosis was isolated proximal or distal in 13 cases and multiple in 3 cases.

  18. Divergent outcomes after percutaneous therapy for symptomatic renal artery stenosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nayan Sivamurthy; Scott M Surowiec; Eva Culakova; Jeffrey M Rhodes; David Lee; Yaron Sternbach; David L Waldman; Richard M Green; Mark G Davies

    2004-01-01

    ObjectivePercutaneous intervention for symptomatic renal artery atherosclerosis is rapidly replacing surgery in many centers. This study evaluated the anatomic and functional outcomes of endovascular therapy for atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis on a combined vascular surgery and interventional radiology service at an academic medical center.

  19. Impact of Cilostazol on Restenosis After Percutaneous Coronary Balloon Angioplasty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Etsuo Tsuchikane; Atsunori Fukuhara; Tohru Kobayashi; Motohiro Kirino; Keita Yamasaki; Tomoko Kobayashi; Masahiro Izumi; Satoru Otsuji; Hitone Tateyama; Makoto Sakurai; Nobuhisa Awata

    Background—Restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary (balloon) angioplasty (PTCA) remains a major drawback of the procedure. We previously reported that cilostazol, a platelet aggregation inhibitor, inhibited intimal proliferation after directional coronary atherectomy and reduced the restenosis rate in humans. The present study aimed to determine the effect of cilostazol on restenosis after PTCA. Methods and Results—Two hundred eleven patients with 273

  20. A Novel Manipulator for Percutaneous Needle Insertion: Design and Experimentation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Harmanpreet S. Bassan; Rajni V. Patel; Mehrdad Moallem

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we present the design of a novel 5-DOF manipulator for percutaneous needle insertion. The requirements of the manipulator have been instigated by a relatively common medical procedure: low-dose rate brachytherapy of the prostate. The manipulator can perform orientation, insertion, and rotation of the needle and linear motion of the stylet to drop radioactive seeds contained in a

  1. Predicting respiratory motion for active canceling during percutaneous needle insertion

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. N. Riviere; A. Thakral; I. I. Iordachita; G. Mitroi; D. Stoianovici

    2001-01-01

    Prediction of bodily motion due to respiration was investigated preparatory to implementation of active compensation for respiration in a robot-assisted system for percutaneous kidney surgery. Data for preliminary testing were recorded from the chest wall of a subject using an optical displacement sensor. The weighted-frequency Fourier linear combiner algorithms an adaptive modeling: algorithm, was used to model and predict respiratory

  2. Gastric Wall Dissection as a Complication of Percutaneous Gastrostomy

    SciTech Connect

    Reimer, Wolfgang; Farres, Maria Teresa; Lammer, Johannes [Department of Radiology, Division of Angiography and Interventional Radiology, University of Vienna, AKH, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria)

    1996-04-15

    A percutaneous gastrostomy (PG) was complicated by gastric wall dissection and partial tube malposition. It occurred after tangential puncture along the greater curvature of the stomach which was performed in order to avoid an enlarged left lobe of the liver. To prevent this complication we recommend not using hydrophilic guidewires during PG.

  3. Prediction of height from percutaneous tibial length amongst Oriya population

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. K Mohanty

    1998-01-01

    Establishing individuality on the mutilated part of a dead body is quite a difficult work in forensic medicine. Among the factors required, to establish individuality of an unidentified dead body or any mutilated part of such dead body, height is one of them. In the present work an attempt has been made to calculate the height from the percutaneous tibial

  4. Ureteroscopy and Percutaneous Procedures Real-Time Tomographic Reflection

    E-print Network

    Stetten, George

    is a novel technique that uses a geometrically fixed arrangement of a conventional ultrasound transducer was performed. Entry into the collecting system was confirmed by the aspiration of urine. Results: The anechoic Percutaneous Access to the Renal Collecting System Mang L. Chen, M.D.,1 Gaurav Shukla,2 Stephen V. Jackman, M

  5. Percutaneous Drainage of Abdominal and Pelvic Abscesses in Children

    PubMed Central

    Brown, Colin; Kang, Lisa; Kim, Stanley T.

    2012-01-01

    It has only been in the last several decades that abscesses within deep compartments, particularly within the abdomen and pelvis, have become safely accessible with imaging guidance. Since that time, percutaneous abscess drainage has become the standard of care in children. We review the clinical features, diagnosis, and image-guided management of abdominal and pelvic abscesses in children. PMID:24293801

  6. Direct Transoral Approach to C2 for Percutaneous Vertebroplasty

    SciTech Connect

    Martin, Jean-Baptiste; Gailloud, Philippe [Department of Radiology, Geneva University Hospital, Rue Micheli-du-Crest 24, CH-1211 Geneva 14 (Switzerland); Dietrich, Pierre-Yves [Division of Oncology, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva (Switzerland); Luciani, Marc E.; Somon, Thierry [Department of Radiology, Geneva University Hospital, Rue Micheli-du-Crest 24, CH-1211 Geneva 14 (Switzerland); Sappino, Pascal-Andre [Division of Oncology, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva (Switzerland); Ruefenach, Daniel A. [Department of Radiology, Geneva University Hospital, Rue Micheli-du-Crest 24, CH-1211 Geneva 14 (Switzerland)

    2002-12-15

    Percutaneous vertebroplasty was performed via a transoral route in a 70-year-old woman with a C2 metastasis of thyroid origin involving anterior vertebral elements. Complete pain relief was obtained after an uncomplicated minimally invasive procedure. This preliminary experience demonstrates that a transoral approach under fluoroscopic control can provide safe access to the upper cervical spine at C2 level.

  7. Outpatient percutaneous screw fixation of the acute Jones fracture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Norman Mindrebo; K. Donald Shelbourne; Charles D. Van Meter; Arthur C. Rettig

    1993-01-01

    Nine patients (8 men and 1 woman, ranging in age from 17 to 22 years) who sustained a Jones fracture were treated with percutaneous intramedullary screw fixation as outpatients. All of the patients were varsity athletes. Seven were Division I scholarship athletes. Beginning at 7 to 10 days after surgery, all patients were allowed weightbearing as tolerated with a CAM

  8. Enhancing percutaneous delivery of methotrexate using different types of surfactants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yousef Javadzadeh; Hamed Hamishehkar

    2011-01-01

    Regarding the potential severe toxicity associated with systemic administration of methotrexate (MTX), a topical formulation might be of greater utility for the treatment of psoriasis and other hyperproliferative skin disorders. One of the presumed reasons for the lack of clinical activity of topical methotrexate in psoriasis is insufficient percutaneous penetration necessary to inhibit epidermal DNA synthesis. The present study was

  9. PERCUTANEOUS ABSORPTION. ON THE RELEVANCE OF IN VITRO DATA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas J. Franz

    1975-01-01

    The use of in vitro preparations of human skin to study percutaneous absorption is widespread. Yet, up to the present time, little has been done to systematically validate this model and demonstrate the extent to which it mimicks in viva absorption. In this study, the permeability of 12 organic compounds has been evaluated in excised skin and the results compared

  10. Results of direct percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in octogenarians

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven B. Laster; Barry D. Rutherford; Lee V. Giorgi; Thomas M. Shimshak; David R. McConahay; Warren L. Johnson; Kenneth C. Huber; Robert W. Ligon; Geoffrey O. Hartzler

    1996-01-01

    Direct percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) has emerged as effective reperfusion therapy for acute myocardial infarction; however, few data exist on its use in octogenarians. Thrombolytic therapy in this age group has reduced early mortality from approximately 30% to 20%, but is associated with an increased risk of stroke and major hemorrhage. We analyzed the acute and long-term results of

  11. Percutaneous Absorption of Nicardipine and Ketorolac in Rhesus Monkeys

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Diana Yu; Lynda M. Sanders; George W. R. Davidson III; Martha J. Marvin; Teck Ling

    1988-01-01

    Vehicle effects on the percutaneous absorption of nicardipine base, nicardipine hydrochloride, ketorolac acid, and ketorolac tromethamine were determined using the rhesus monkey as an in vivo model for human skin penetration. Vehicles investigated included blends of propylene glycol, trimethylene glycol, ethanol, Azone, Tween 20, water, and long-chain fatty acids. Formulations were prepared such that the compound dose, application area, and

  12. FDG PET and other imaging modalities in the primary diagnosis of suspicious breast lesions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Scheidhauer; C. Walter; M. D. Seemann

    2004-01-01

    Mammography is the primary imaging modality for screening of breast cancer and evaluation of breast lesions (T staging). Ultrasonography is an adjunctive tool for mammographically suspicious lesions, in patients with mastopathy and as guidance for reliable histological diagnosis with percutaneous biopsy. Dynamic enhanced magnetic resonance mammography (MRM) has a high sensitivity for the detection of breast cancer, but also a

  13. Percutaneous osteosynthesis of Galeazzi fracture-dislocation

    PubMed Central

    Gadegone, Wasudeo M; Salphale, Yogesh; Magarkar, DS

    2010-01-01

    Background: A Galeazzi fracture is defined as a fracture of the radius associated with dislocation of the distal radio-ulnar joint (DRUJ). The conventional surgical technique of nailing does not give enough stability and open reduction, internal fixation with the plate is associated with numerous complications. The stacked nailing for the management of these injuries provides adequate stability, maintains the relationship of the DRUJ and promotes uneventful union by closed technique. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the results of simple, user-friendly, low cost elastic stacked nailing for the management of Galeazzi fracture dislocation. Materials and Methods: We treated 22 young adults with fresh Galeazzi fracture-dislocation of the forearm, from January 2004 to January 2008, by percutaneous fixation of fracture by stacked elastic nailing at our institute. There were 19 males and three females and the age group ranged from 20-56 years (average 35 years). Surgery was performed within 48 to 72 hours under the guidance of image intensifier. Medullary cavity was filled with two elastic titanium nails having unequal lengths and diameter. One nail acts as a reduction nail and the other acts as a stabilizing nail. The results were evaluated using Mikic criteria based on union, alignment, relationship of the DRUJ, and movements at the inferior radio ulnar joint, elbow and wrist. Results: In six cases, following radiological union, nails in the radius were extracted between six to nine months after operation because of discomfort complained by the patient at site of insertion. After one year follow-up, 18 patients had excellent, four had fair results. Conclusion: Closed reduction and internal fixation of Galeazzi fracture by two elastic rods re-establishes the normal relationship of the fractured fragments and the DRUJ without repair of the ligaments. The stability is achieved by the flexibility and elasticity of the nails, crowding of the medullary canal and anchorage they gain in the radial diaphysis. Elastic nailing can produce excellent clinical results for Galeazzi fracture-dislocation. It has the advantages of technical simplicity, minimal cost, user-friendly instrumentation, and a short learning curve. PMID:20924489

  14. Interhospital air transport of a blind patient on extracorporeal life support with consecutive and successful left ventricular assist device implantation.

    PubMed

    Bauer, Adrian; Schaarschmidt, Jan; Grosse, F Oliver; Al Alam, Nidal; Hausmann, Harald; Krämer, Klaus; Strüber, Martin; Mohr, Friedrich W

    2014-06-01

    The use of extracorporeal life support systems (ECLS) in patients with postcardiotomy low cardiac output syndrome (LCO) as a bridge to recovery and bridge to implantation of ventricular assist device (VAD) is common nowadays. A 59-year-old patient with acute myocardial infarction received a percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting of the circumflex artery. During catheterization of the left coronary artery (LAD), the patient showed ventricular fibrillation and required defibrillation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. After implantation of an intra-aortic balloon pump, the patient immediately was transmitted to the operating room. He received emergency coronary artery bypass grafting in a beating heart technique using pump-assisted minimal extracorporeal circulation circuit (MECC). Two bypass grafts were performed to the LAD and the right posterior descending artery. Despite initial successful weaning off cardiopulmonary bypass with high-dose inotropic support, the patient presented postcardiotomy LCO and an ECLS was implanted. The primary setup of the heparin-coated MECC system was modified and used postoperatively. As a result of the absence of an in-house VAD program, the patient was switched to a transportable ECLS the next day and was transferred by helicopter to the nearest VAD center where the patient received a successful insertion of a left VAD 3 days later. PMID:25208435

  15. Prison hospice: An unlikely success

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elizabeth L. Craig; Robert E. Craig

    1999-01-01

    Efforts to introduce hospice and palliative care into American prisons have become fairly widespread, in response to the sharp increase in inmate deaths. The primary impetus originally came from the alarming number of AIDS deaths among prisoners. The new combination therapies have proved very successful in treating AIDS, but are very costly, and many problems must be overcome to ensure

  16. A Comparison of Transjugular and Plugged-Percutaneous Liver Biopsy in Patients with Contraindications to Ordinary Percutaneous Liver Biopsy and an 'In-House' Protocol for Selecting the Procedure of Choice

    SciTech Connect

    Atar, Eli, E-mail: Atareli@hotmail.co [Hasharon Hospital, Vascular and Interventional Units, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Israel); Ben Ari, Ziv [Beilinson Hospital, Liver Institute (Israel); Bachar, Gil N.; Amlinski, Yelena; Neyman, Chaim [Hasharon Hospital, Vascular and Interventional Units, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Israel); Knizhnik, Michael; Litvin, Sergey [Beilinson Hospital, Vascular and Interventional Units, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Israel); Schmilovitz-Weiss, Hemda [Hasharon Hospital, Gastroenterology Unit (Israel); Shapiro, Riki [Institute of Gastroenterology, Rabin Medical Center, Unit of Liver Transplantation (Israel); Bruckhaimer, Elchanan [Schneider Children Medical Center, Department of Pediatric Cardiology (Israel); Tur-Kaspa, Ran [Beilinson Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine (Israel); Belenky, Alexander [Beilinson Hospital, Vascular and Interventional Units, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Israel)

    2010-06-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) and plugged-percutaneous liver biopsy (PB) in consecutive patients with severe liver disease associated with impaired coagulation, ascites, or both and to verify the in-house protocol used to select the appropriate procedure. In 2000-2006, 329 patients (208 male [62.8%] and 121 female [37.2%]), aged 1 month to 81 years (mean, 46.8 years), underwent 150 TJLBs (39.1%) or 233 PBs (60.9%) procedures at a major tertiary center, as determined by an in-house protocol. The groups were compared for specimen characteristics, technical success, and complications. Technical success rates were 97.4% for TJLB (146/150) and 99.1% for PB (231/233). TJLB was associated with a lower average core length (1.29 vs. 1.43 cm) and lower average number of specimens obtained (2.44 vs. 2.8), but both methods yielded sufficient tissue for a definitive diagnosis. There were no major complications in either group. TJLB and PB can be safely and effectively performed for the diagnosis of hepatic disease in patients with contraindications for standard percutaneous liver biopsy. When both are technically available, we suggest PB as the procedure of choice, especially in transplanted livers.

  17. Successful percutaneous extraction of an inadvertently placed left ventricular pacing lead

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. C. de Cock; C. M. C. van Campen; O. Kamp; C. A. Visser

    2003-01-01

    A 74-year-old patient was referred for a rapidly increasing pacing threshold 9 months after DDD pacemaker implantation because of symptomatic total atrioventricular (AV) block. She had a history of hypertension, diabetes with micro-angiopathy and a recent transient ischaemic attack.The paced electrocardiogram on admission had a right bundle branch block pattern and 3-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography demonstrated passage of the lead through

  18. Novel Application of Percutaneous Cryotherapy for the Treatment of Recurrent Oral Bleeding From a Noninvoluting Congenital Hemangioma Involving the Right Buccal Space and Maxillary Tuberosity

    SciTech Connect

    Salehian, Sepand, E-mail: sepand@med.umich.edu [University of Michigan Medical School (United States); Gemmete, Joseph J., E-mail: gemmete@med.umich.edu [University of Michigan, Department of Interventional Neuroradiology (United States); Kasten, Steven, E-mail: skasten@med.umich.edu [University of Michigan, Department of Plastic Surgery (United States); Edwards, Sean P., E-mail: seanedw@med.umich.edu [University of Michigan, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (United States)

    2011-02-15

    Cryotherapy is the application of varying extremes of cold temperatures to destroy abnormal tissue. The intent of this article is to describe a novel technique using percutaneous cryotherapy for treating a noninvoluting congenital craniofacial hemangioma (NICH). An 18-year-old woman with type 1 von Willebrand's disease, as well as a qualitative platelet aggregation disorder, presented with multiple recurrent episodes of oral bleeding from a NICH involving the right buccal space and maxillary tuberosity. The patient was initially treated with a combination of endovascular particulate embolization, percutaneous sclerotherapy, tissue cauterization, and laser therapy between the ages of 4 and 8 years of age. At 18 years of age, the patient presented with recurrent episodes of oral bleeding related to the NICH. Endovascular embolization was performed using particulate and a liquid embolic agent with limited success. Due to the refractory nature of this bleeding, the patient underwent successful lesion ablation using percutaneous cryotherapy. At 9-month follow-up, the patient is asymptomatic with no episodes of recurrent bleeding.

  19. Primary sclerosing cholangitis: resect, dilate, or transplant?

    PubMed Central

    Ahrendt, S A; Pitt, H A; Kalloo, A N; Venbrux, A C; Klein, A S; Herlong, H F; Coleman, J; Lillemoe, K D; Cameron, J L

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The current study examines the results of extrahepatic biliary resection, nonoperative endoscopic biliary dilation with or without percutaneous stenting, and liver transplantation in the management of patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Primary sclerosing cholangitis is a progressive inflammatory disease leading to secondary biliary cirrhosis. The most effective management of sclerosing cholangitis before the onset of cirrhosis remains unclear. METHODS: From 1980 to 1994, 146 patients with PSC were managed with either resection of the extrahepatic bile ducts and long-term transhepatic stenting (50 patients), nonoperative endoscopic biliary dilation with or without percutaneous stenting (54 patients), medical therapy (28 patients), and/or liver transplantation (21 patients). RESULTS: Procedure-related morbidity and mortality rates were similar between surgically resected and nonoperatively managed patients. In noncirrhotic patients, the serum bilirubin level was significantly (p < 0.05) reduced from preoperative levels (8.3+/-1.5 mg/dL) 1 (1.7+/-0.4 mg/dL) and 3 (2.7+/-0.9 mg/ dL) years after resection, but not after endoscopic or percutaneous management. For noncirrhotic PSC patients, overall 5-year survival (85% vs. 59%) and survival until death or transplantation (82% vs. 46%) were significantly longer (p < 0.05) after resection than after nonoperative dilation with or without stenting. For cirrhotic patients, survival after liver transplantation was longer than after resection or nonoperative dilation with or without stenting. Five patients developed cholangiocarcinoma, including three (6%) of the nonoperatively managed patients but none of the resected patients. CONCLUSIONS: In carefully selected noncirrhotic patients with PSC, resection and long-term stenting remains a good option. Patients with cirrhosis should undergo liver transplantation. PMID:9527065

  20. Delivery of gelfoam-enabled cells and vectors into the pericardial space using a percutaneous approach in a porcine model.

    PubMed

    Ladage, D; Turnbull, I C; Ishikawa, K; Takewa, Y; Rapti, K; Morel, C; Karakikes, I; Hadri, L; Müller-Ehmsen, J; Costa, K D; Hajjar, R J; Kawase, Y

    2011-10-01

    Intrapericardial drug delivery is a promising procedure, with the ability to localize therapeutics with the heart. Gelfoam particles are nontoxic, inexpensive, nonimmunogenic and biodegradable compounds that can be used to deliver therapeutic agents. We developed a new percutaneous approach method for intrapericardial injection, puncturing the pericardial sac safely under fluoroscopy and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance. In a porcine model of myocardial infarction (MI), we deployed gelfoam particles carrying either (a) autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) or (b) an adenovirus encoding enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) 48?h post-MI. The presence of MSCs and viral infection at the infarct zone was confirmed by immunoflourescence and PCR. Puncture was performed successfully in 16 animals. Using IVUS, we successfully determined the size of the pericardial space before the puncture, and safely accessed that space in setting of pericardial effusion and also adhesions induced by the MI. Intrapericardial injection of gelfoam was safe and reliable. Presence of the MSCs and eGFP expression from adenovirus in the myocardium were confirmed after delivery. Our novel percutaneous approach to deliver (stem-) cells or adenovirus was safe and efficient in this pre-clinical model. IVUS-guided delivery is a minimally invasive procedure that seems to be a promising new strategy to deliver therapeutic agents locally to the heart. PMID:21512506

  1. Use of the IntuiTrak stent-graft delivery system for percutaneous abdominal aortic aneurysm exclusion: initial single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Tom, Cindy W; Krajcer, Zvonimir

    2010-01-01

    The exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysms by endovascular techniques has enabled the treatment of patients who have high-risk comorbidities that preclude safe surgical repair. Since the development of the unibody bifurcated endovascular stent-graft for abdominal aortic aneurysm exclusion, remarkable technological improvements have facilitated stent-graft delivery and reduced the required size of the access site. Our initial institutional experience with the use of the Endologix IntuiTrak Express Delivery System for the Powerlink stent-graft (in 7 patients) shows that the device is suited for percutaneous use without sequelae. Herein, we describe the IntuiTrak system and the successful results of its use: we achieved percutaneous access and closure in all 7 patients, with no conversions to open repair or vascular exposure. PMID:20548815

  2. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage as an alternative to percutaneous drainage and surgical bypass

    PubMed Central

    Prachayakul, Varayu; Aswakul, Pitulak

    2015-01-01

    Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography had been a treatment modality of choice for both benign and malignant biliary tract obstruction for more than half century, with a very high clinical success rate and low complications. But in certain circumstances, such as advanced and locally advanced pancreatobiliary malignancies (pancreatic cancer, cholangiocarcinoma, ampullary tumor) and tight benign strictures, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) fails. Up to this point, the only alternative interventions for these conditions were percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage or surgery. Endoscopic ultrasound guided interventions was introduced for a couple decades with the better visualization and achievement of the pancreatobiliary tract. And it’s still in the process of ongoing development. The inventions of new techniques and accessories lead to more feasibility of high-ended procedures. Endoscopic ultrasound guided biliary drainage was a novel treatment modality for the patient who failed ERCP with the less invasive technique comparing to surgical bypass. The technical and clinical success was high with acceptable complications. Regarded the ability to drain the biliary tract internally without an exploratory laparotomy, this treatment modality became a very interesting procedures for many endosonographers, worldwide, in a short period. We have reviewed the literature and suggest that endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage is also an option, and one with a high probability of success, for biliary drainage in the patients who failed conventional endoscopic drainage. PMID:25610532

  3. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage as an alternative to percutaneous drainage and surgical bypass.

    PubMed

    Prachayakul, Varayu; Aswakul, Pitulak

    2015-01-16

    Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography had been a treatment modality of choice for both benign and malignant biliary tract obstruction for more than half century, with a very high clinical success rate and low complications. But in certain circumstances, such as advanced and locally advanced pancreatobiliary malignancies (pancreatic cancer, cholangiocarcinoma, ampullary tumor) and tight benign strictures, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) fails. Up to this point, the only alternative interventions for these conditions were percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage or surgery. Endoscopic ultrasound guided interventions was introduced for a couple decades with the better visualization and achievement of the pancreatobiliary tract. And it's still in the process of ongoing development. The inventions of new techniques and accessories lead to more feasibility of high-ended procedures. Endoscopic ultrasound guided biliary drainage was a novel treatment modality for the patient who failed ERCP with the less invasive technique comparing to surgical bypass. The technical and clinical success was high with acceptable complications. Regarded the ability to drain the biliary tract internally without an exploratory laparotomy, this treatment modality became a very interesting procedures for many endosonographers, worldwide, in a short period. We have reviewed the literature and suggest that endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage is also an option, and one with a high probability of success, for biliary drainage in the patients who failed conventional endoscopic drainage. PMID:25610532

  4. An unusual percutaneous transmitral commissurotomy: A collection of four rare occurrences!

    PubMed

    Shankarappa, Ravindranath K; Agrawal, Navin; Patra, Soumya; Karur, Satish; Nanjappa, Manjunath C

    2013-09-01

    We are presenting an interesting case of a 30-year-old patient taken for percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) for severe rheumatic mitral stenosis in which there was a collection of four unusual occurrences during the course of a procedure. She had recurrent generalized tonic-clonic seizures immediately after femoral sheath insertion requiring the patient to be mechanically ventilated. Subsequently, the pressure tracings recorded with catheters in the aorta and the pulmonary artery showed transient unusually high supra-systemic pulmonary artery pressure. During inflation the Accura PTMC balloon which was used to dilate the mitral valve ruptured and the procedure subsequently had to be completed using another balloon catheter. During the procedure the presence of a distended stomach due to insufflations of air during positive pressure ventilation which subsided subsequently was another unusual documentation on fluoroscopy. The final outcome of the procedure was successful. This case presents an interesting collection of unusual occurrences during a PTMC procedure which started on an unusual note but ended on a successful one. Careful assessment and appropriate management of complications can lead to successful outcome of procedures as in our case. PMID:24396260

  5. Percutaneous absorption kinetics of topical metronidazole formulations in vitro in the human cadaver skin model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Boni E. Elewski

    2007-01-01

    Topical formulations containing identical active agents are available in various vehicles and concentrations, which may affect\\u000a percutaneous absorption. This study was undertaken to evaluate the in vitro percutaneous absorption pharmacokinetics of metronidazole\\u000a in different vehicles and concentrations as the active agent in 6 topical formulations. Formulations were applied to sections\\u000a from 3 cadaver skin donors, and percutaneous absorption of metronidazole

  6. Percutaneous recanalization of arteries: Status and prospects of laser angioplasty with modified fibre tips

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cornelius Borst

    1987-01-01

    Percutaneous balloon dilatation of arterial stenoses is a firmly established non-surgical treatment of ischaemic disease.\\u000a The number of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasties performed per year in the USA approaches the number of coronary\\u000a artery bypass graft operations. A great number of novel percutaneous recanalization schemes address the major problems of\\u000a balloon angioplasty: failure to cross the stenosis (occlusion), failure to

  7. Combined percutaneous thrombin injection and coil embolization of an inferior thyroid artery pseudoaneurysm

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher Bangard; Henning Bovenschulte; M. Witthus; Klaus-Jürgen Lackner

    2009-01-01

    A 54-year-old white man with diabetic renal insufficiency presented with a slowly growing pulsating neck mass after percutaneous internal jugular vein catheterization for hemodialysis. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed a pseudoaneurysm of the inferior thyroid artery. After unsuccessful transcatheter coil embolization percutaneous ultrasound guided thrombin injection was performed, with complete thrombosis of the pseudoaneurysm. Percutaneous thrombin injection for treatment of a

  8. Quantifying the parameters of successful agricultural producers 

    E-print Network

    Kaase, Gregory Herman

    2006-08-16

    The primary purpose of the study was to quantify the parameters of successful agricultural producers. Through the use of the Financial and Risk Management (FARM) Assistance database, this study evaluated economic measures ...

  9. Percutaneous Dorsal Instrumentation of Vertebral Burst Fractures: Value of Additional Percutaneous Intravertebral Reposition—Cadaver Study

    PubMed Central

    Krüger, Antonio; Schmuck, Maya; Noriega, David C.; Ruchholtz, Steffen; Baroud, Gamal; Oberkircher, Ludwig

    2015-01-01

    Purpose. The treatment of vertebral burst fractures is still controversial. The aim of the study is to evaluate the purpose of additional percutaneous intravertebral reduction when combined with dorsal instrumentation. Methods. In this biomechanical cadaver study twenty-eight spine segments (T11-L3) were used (male donors, mean age 64.9 ± 6.5 years). Burst fractures of L1 were generated using a standardised protocol. After fracture all spines were allocated to four similar groups and randomised according to surgical techniques (posterior instrumentation; posterior instrumentation + intravertebral reduction device + cement augmentation; posterior instrumentation + intravertebral reduction device without cement; and intravertebral reduction device + cement augmentation). After treatment, 100000 cycles (100–600?N, 3?Hz) were applied using a servohydraulic loading frame. Results. Overall anatomical restoration was better in all groups where the intravertebral reduction device was used (p < 0.05). In particular, it was possible to restore central endplates (p > 0.05). All techniques decreased narrowing of the spinal canal. After loading, clearance could be maintained in all groups fitted with the intravertebral reduction device. Narrowing increased in the group treated with dorsal instrumentation. Conclusions. For height and anatomical restoration, the combination of an intravertebral reduction device with dorsal instrumentation showed significantly better results than sole dorsal instrumentation.

  10. Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment for Hepatic Artery Stenosis after Liver Transplantation: The Role of Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Vidjak, Vinko; Nova?i?, Karlo; Matijevi?, Filip; Kavur, Lovro; Slavica, Marko; Mrzljak, Anna; Filipec-Kanižaj, Tajana; Leder, Nikola Ivan; Škegro, Dinko

    2015-01-01

    Summary Background To retrospectively analyze the outcomes of interventional radiology treatment of patients with hepatic artery stenosis (HAS) after liver transplantation at our Institution. Material/Methods Hepatic artery stenosis was diagnosed and treated by endovascular technique in 8 (2.8%) patients, who underwent liver transplantation between July 2007 and July 2011. Patients entered the follow-up period, during which we analyzed hepatic artery patency with Doppler ultrasound at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after percutaneous endovascular treatment (PTA), and every six months thereafter. Results During the 12-month follow-up period, 6 out of 8 patients (75%) were asymptomatic with patent hepatic artery, which was confirmed by multislice computed tomography (MSCT) angiography, or color Doppler (CD) ultrasound. One patient had a fatal outcome of unknown cause, and one patient underwent orthotopic liver retransplantation (re-OLT) procedure due to graft failure. Conclusions Our results suggest that HAS angioplasty and stenting are minimally invasive and safe endovascular procedures that represent a good alternative to open surgery, with good 12-month follow-up patency results comparable to surgery. PMID:26150902

  11. Percutaneous Vein Occlusion with Small Intestinal Submucosa: An Experimental Pilot Study in Swine and Sheep

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Man Deuk; Hoppe, Hanno; Pavcnik, Dusan, E-mail: pavcnikd@ohsu.edu; Kaufman, John A.; Uchida, Barry T.; Correa, Luiz O.; Timmermans, Hans A.; Park, Won Kyu; Corless, Christopher L.; Keller, Frederick S.; Roesch, Josef [Oregon Health and Sciences University, Dotter Interventional Institute (United States)

    2007-07-15

    Purpose. The objective of this study was to investigate the feasibility, outcomes, and amount of small intestinal submucosa (SIS) material needed for embolization of jugular vein (JV) in a swine and sheep model. Our hypothesis was that SIS would cause vein occlusion. Materials and Methods. The external JVs (EJV) in swine (n = 6) and JVs in sheep (n = 6) were occluded with SIS fan-folded compressed strips. After percutaneous puncture of the peripheral portion of the EJV or JV, a TIPS set was used to exit their lumen centrally through the skin. The SIS strips were delivered into the isolated venous segment with a pull-through technique via a 10-Fr sheath. Follow-up venograms were done immediately after placement and at the time of sacrifice at 1 or 3 months. Gross examinations focused on the EJV or JV and their surrounding structures. Specimens were evaluated by histology. Results. SIS strip(s) placement was successful in all cases, with immediate vein occlusion seen in 23 of 24 veins (95.8%). All EJVs treated with two strips and all JVs treated with three or four strips remained closed on 1- and 3-month follow-up venograms. Two EJVs treated with one strip and one JV treated with two strips were partially patent on venograms at 1 and 3 months. There has been one skin inflammatory reaction. Necropsies revealed excluded EJV or JV segments with SIS incorporation into the vein wall. Histology demonstrated various stages of SIS remodeling with fibrocytes, fibroblasts, endothelial cells, capillaries, and inflammatory cells. Conclusion. We conclude that EJV and JV ablation with SIS strips using percutaneous exit catheterization is feasible and effective in animal models. Further exploration of SIS as vein ablation material is recommended.

  12. Is the Routine Check Nephrostogram Following Percutaneous Antegrade Ureteric Stent Placement Necessary?

    SciTech Connect

    Soh, Keng Chuan [National University of Singapore, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine (MD11) (Singapore); Tay, Kiang Hiong, E-mail: tay.kiang.hiong@sgh.com.sg; Tan, Bien Soo; MM Htoo, Austin; HG Lo, Richard; Lin, Shueh En [Singapore General Hospital, Vascular and Interventional Radiology Section, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Singapore)

    2008-05-15

    Our aim was to review our experience with percutaneous antegrade ureteric stent (PAUS) placement and to determine if the routinely conducted check nephrostogram on the day following ureteric stent placement was necessary. Retrospective review of patients who had undergone PAUS placement between January 2004 and December 2005 was performed. There were 83 subjects (36 males, 47 females), with a mean age of 59.9 years (range, 22-94 years). Average follow-up duration was 7.1 months (range, 1-24 months). The most common indications for PAUS placement were ureteric obstruction due to metastatic disease (n = 56) and urinary calculi (n = 34). Technical success was 93.2% (96/103 attempts), with no major immediate procedure-related complications or mortalities. The Bard 7Fr Urosoft DJ Stent was used in more than 95% of the cases. Eighty-one of 89 (91.0%) check nephrostograms demonstrated a patent ureteric stent with resultant safety catheter removal. Three check nephrostograms revealed distal stent migration requiring repositioning by a goose-snare, while five others showed stent occlusion necessitating permanent external drainage by nephrostomy drainage catheter reinsertion. Following PAUS placement, the serum creatinine level improved or stabilized in 82% of patients. The serum creatinine outcome difference between the groups with benign and malignant indications for PAUS placement was not statistically significant (p = 0.145) but resolution of hydronephrosis was significantly better (p = 0.008) in patients with benign indications. Percutaneous antegrade ureteric stent placement is a safe and effective means of relief for ureteric obstruction. The check nephrostogram following ureteric stent placement was unnecessary in the majority of patients.

  13. Percutaneous Transhepatic Endoscopic Holmium Laser Lithotripsy for Intrahepatic and Choledochal Biliary Stones

    SciTech Connect

    Rimon, Uri, E-mail: rimonu@sheba.health.gov.il [Tel-Aviv University, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Affiliated to the 'Sackler' School of Medicine (Israel); Kleinmann, Nir [Tel-Aviv University, Department of Urology, Section of Endourology, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Affiliated to the 'Sackler' School of Medicine (Israel); Bensaid, Paul; Golan, Gil; Garniek, Alexander; Khaitovich, Boris [Tel-Aviv University, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Affiliated to the 'Sackler' School of Medicine (Israel); Winkler, Harry [Tel-Aviv University, Department of Urology, Section of Endourology, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Affiliated to the 'Sackler' School of Medicine (Israel)

    2011-12-15

    Purpose: To report our approach for treating complicated biliary calculi by percutaneous transhepatic endoscopic biliary holmium laser lithotripsy (PTBL). Patients and Methods: Twenty-two symptomatic patients (11 men and 11 women, age range 51 to 88 years) with intrahepatic or common bile duct calculi underwent PTBL. Nine patients had undergone previous gastrectomy and small-bowel anastomosis, thus precluding endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. In the other 13 patients, stone removal attempts by ERCP failed due to failed access or very large calculi. We used a 7.5F flexible ureteroscope and a 200-{mu}m holmium laser fiber by way of a percutaneous transhepatic tract, with graded fluoroscopy, to fragment the calculi with direct vision. Balloon dilatation was added when a stricture was seen. The procedure was performed with the patient under general anaesthesia. A biliary drainage tube was left at the end of the procedure. Results: All stones were completely fragmented and flushed into the small bowel under direct vision except for one patient in whom the procedure was aborted. In 18 patients, 1 session sufficed, and in 3 patients, 2 sessions were needed. In 7 patients, balloon dilatation was performed for benign stricture after Whipple operation (n = 3), for choledochalenteric anastomosis (n = 3), and for recurrent cholangitis (n = 1). Adjunctive 'balloon push' (n = 4) and 'rendezvous' (n = 1) procedures were needed to completely clean the biliary tree. None of these patients needed surgery. Conclusion: Complicated or large biliary calculi can be treated successfully using PTBL. We suggest that this approach should become the first choice of treatment before laparoscopic or open surgery is considered.

  14. Percutaneous Radiofrequency Lung Ablation Combined with Transbronchial Saline Injection: An Experimental Study in Swine

    SciTech Connect

    Kawai, T., E-mail: t-kawai@hosp.yoka.hyogo.jp; Kaminou, T., E-mail: kaminout@grape.med.tottori-u.ac.jp; Sugiura, K.; Hashimoto, M.; Ohuchi, Y.; Adachi, A. [Tottori University, Division of Radiology, Department of Pathophysiological and Therapeutic Science, Faculty of Medicine (Japan); Fujioka, S.; Ito, H. [Tottori University, Division of Organ Pathology, Department of Microbiology and Pathology, Faculty of Medicine (Japan); Nakamura, K. [Hakuai Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Ihaya, T. [Sanin Rosai Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Ogawa, T. [Tottori University, Division of Radiology, Department of Pathophysiological and Therapeutic Science, Faculty of Medicine (Japan)

    2010-02-15

    To evaluate the efficacy of radiofrequency lung ablation with transbronchial saline injection. The bilateral lungs of eight living swine were used. A 13-gauge bone biopsy needle was inserted percutaneously into the lung, and 1 ml of muscle paste was injected to create a tumor mimic. In total, 21 nodules were ablated. In the saline injection group (group A), radiofrequency ablation (RFA) was performed for 11 nodules after transbronchial saline injection under balloon occlusion with a 2-cm active single internally cooled electrode. In the control group (group B), conventional RFA was performed for 10 nodules as a control. The infused saline liquid showed a wedge-shaped and homogeneous distribution surrounding a tumor mimic. All 21 RFAs were successfully completed. The total ablation time was significantly longer (13.4 {+-} 2.8 min vs. 8.9 {+-} 3.5 min; P = 0.0061) and the tissue impedance was significantly lower in group A compared with group B (73.1 {+-} 8.8 {Omega} vs. 100.6 {+-} 16.6 {Omega}; P = 0.0002). The temperature of the ablated area was not significantly different (69.4 {+-} 9.1{sup o}C vs. 66.0 {+-} 7.9{sup o}C; P = 0.4038). There was no significant difference of tumor mimic volume (769 {+-} 343 mm{sup 3} vs. 625 {+-} 191 mm{sup 3}; P = 0.2783). The volume of the coagulated area was significantly larger in group A than in group B (3886 {+-} 1247 mm{sup 3} vs. 2375 {+-} 1395 mm{sup 3}; P = 0.0221). Percutaneous radiofrequency lung ablation combined with transbronchial saline injection can create an extended area of ablation.

  15. Effects of Probucol on Restenosis after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Jichen; Li, Menghao; Lu, Hao; Qiao, Weiguang; Xi, Dan; Luo, TianTian; Xiong, Haowei; Guo, Zhigang

    2015-01-01

    Background Restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a remained clinical problem which limits long-term success of PCI. Although there was recognition that probucol in treating restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, the efficacy of probucol on restenosis after stent-implantation is controversial. So this meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the association between probucol and late restenosis. Methods Articles were assessed by four trained investigators, with divergences resolved by consensus. PubMed, EMBASE, ScienceDirect and the Cochrane Central Register of clinical trials were searched for pertinent studies. Inclusion criteria were random allocated to treatment and a comparison of probucol-treated patients and control patients (not treated with lipid-lowering drug) undergoing PCI. Results Fifteen studies with 859 subjects were analyzed. Major outcome, binary angiographic restenosis defined as >50% stenosis upon follow-up angiography, was significantly decreased with probucol treatment (RR = 0.59 [0.43, 0.80] among vessels, P = 0.0007; and RR = 0.52 [0.40, 0.68] among patients, P<0.00001). Probucol also increased the minimal luminal diameter (SMD = 0.45 [0.30, 0.61], P<0.00001) and decreased late loss upon follow-up after 6 months (SMD = -0.41 [-0.60, -0.22], P<0.0001). Moreover, there was a significantly lower incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in the probucol group than control group (RR = 0.69 [0.51, 0.93], P = 0.01). Conclusion Probucol is more than a lipid-lowering drug. It is also effective in reducing the risk of restenosis and incidence of MACE after PCI. PMID:25898372

  16. Evaluation of the Effect of Concurrent Chronic Total Occlusion and Successful Staged Revascularization on Long-Term Mortality in Patients with ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction

    PubMed Central

    Shi, Guoxiang; He, Pengcheng; Liu, Yuanhui; Lin, Yaowang; Yang, Xing; Chen, Jiyuan; Zhou, Yingling; Tan, Ning

    2014-01-01

    Aims. To investigate the impact of chronic total occlusion (CTO) in non-infarct-related artery (IRA) on the long-term prognosis and evaluate the clinical significance of staged revascularization in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods. 1266 STEMI patients with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were categorized as single-vessel disease (SVD), multivessel disease (MVD) without and with CTO. We study the clinical outcomes of patients after primary PCI in the following 3 years. Additionally, patients with CTO received staged revascularization, and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) during 3-year follow-up were recorded. Results. Presence of CTO was a predictor of both early mortality [hazard ratio (HR) 3.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.4–4.5, P < 0.01] and late mortality (HR 1.9, 95% CI 1.4–3.6, P < 0.01), whereas MVD without CTO was only a predictor of early mortality (HR 1.7, 95% CI 1.3–2.3, P < 0.05). In CTO group, 100 patients had successful CTO recanalization, and 48 patients failed. During 3-year follow-up, patients with failed procedure had higher cardiac mortality (22.9% versus 9.0%, P = 0.020) and lower MACE-free survival (50.0% versus 72.0%, P = 0.009) compared to patients with successful procedure. Conclusion. The presence of CTO and not MVD alone is associated with long-term mortality. Successful revascularization of CTO in the non-IRA is associated with improved clinical outcomes in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI. PMID:24790581

  17. [Primary hyperparathyroidism].

    PubMed

    Carnevale, V; Romagnoli, E; Pipino, M; Scillitani, A; D'Erasmo, E; Minisola, S; Mazzuoli, G

    2005-01-01

    Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is characterized by excessive PTH secretion in respect to calcium homeostasis needs, due to parathyroid adenoma (80% of cases), hyperplasia (15-20%), or carcinoma (1-2%). In familial forms of PHPT, several mutations have an established role: menin gene for MEN type 1, RET for MEN type 2a, calcium-sensing receptor gene for familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia, parafibromin gene for PHPT-jaw tumour and carcinoma. Etiology of sporadic adenomas (80% of PHPT cases) is less defined, being most commonly found a mutation of menin gene or activation of PRAD1 oncogene. In recent years, the classical features of the disease became less common. Typically, bone involvement is now represented by a reduced bone mass at skeletal sites more rich in cortical tissue. Prominently trabecular skeletal sites are relatively spared, because of the anabolic effects of a slight PTH excess on trabecular tissue. PHPT patients may have increased fracture risk, though it is not clear why bone damage is more severe in a subgroup of patients. Clinical features of hypercalcemia may be fatigue, anorexia, thirst, and polyuria. Vague neurological and psychiatric symptoms, such as weakness, anxiety, depression, paresthesias, and muscular cramps may ameliorate after parathyroidectomy. Recent reports indicate increased cardiovascular mortality in PHPT patients. Diagnosis is based on the detection of hypercalcemia, together with inappropriately high serum PTH levels. Preoperative localization of the diseased glands is mandatory in persistent or recurrent PHPT, as like as when minimally invasive surgery is planned. High resolution ultrasonography and SPECT double-phase 99m Tc-sestamibi scintigraphy are the most commonly employed techniques. Intraoperatory PTH assay may confirm successful surgery when serum concentrations decrease more than 50%. Surgical therapy is indicated in patients with renal or skeletal complications, such as in those with previous parathyrotoxic crisis. Many surgeons in recent years adopted minimally invasive parathyroidectomy. Medical treatment is an option for patients unwilling or unfitted for surgery because of severe concomitant diseases. Employed therapy includes estrogens, SERMs, bisphosphonates and calcimimetics. PMID:16382970

  18. Bonfils semirigid endoscope for guidance during percutaneous tracheostomy.

    PubMed

    Buehner, U; Oram, J; Elliot, S; Mallick, A; Bodenham, A

    2006-07-01

    We report on the use of the Bonfils semirigid scope for endoscopic guidance during percutaneous dilational tracheostomy. Forty patients requiring percutaneous dilational tracheostomy on the General or Neurosurgical Intensive Care Unit were enrolled in this study. We used the '45 degree curved distal tip' scope in the first 15 patients, evaluating its ease of use, optical quality of focus and image resolution as well as light intensity on a 10-point scale. We evaluated straight and curved versions of it in another 15 and 10 patients, respectively. We examined the impact on ventilation and cardiovascular parameters. In all patients (n = 40) visualisation of the procedure was satisfactory. There were no clinically significant changes in ventilatory or cardiovascular parameters. The image quality for most patients received a score of 7-10. The Bonfils scope provides a practical alternative to flexible bronchoscopes in this setting. PMID:16792612

  19. Bacterial inhibition by electrical activation of percutaneous silver implants.

    PubMed

    Spadaro, J A; Chase, S E; Webster, D A

    1986-01-01

    Percutaneous silver wire implants were looped through the dorsal skin of rats and inoculated with Staphylococcus aureus to test the effect on bacteria in the tract. The silver was activated with four brief daily applications of anodic microcurrent. Contralateral 316L stainless steel implants, identically inoculated, served as controls. Cultures from the silver tracts showed a marked reduction or elimination of bacteria, which persisted for the 3-week study period. In tracts with colonization established for 1 week, subsequent electrical activation of the silver also suppressed the bacteria. Inflammatory reactions at 3 weeks were mild at both the silver and stainless implants and no giant cells or toxicity were seen. This suggests that electrically activated silver may be useful in preventing or treating infection at percutaneous devices. PMID:3711134

  20. Direct Percutaneous Left Ventricular Access and Port Closure

    PubMed Central

    Barbash, Israel M.; Saikus, Christina E.; Faranesh, Anthony Z.; Ratnayaka, Kanishka; Kocaturk, Ozgur; Chen, Marcus Y.; Bell, Jamie A.; Virmani, Renu; Schenke, William H.; Hansen, Michael S.; Slack, Michael C.; Lederman, Robert J.

    2012-01-01

    Objectives This study sought to evaluate feasibility of nonsurgical transthoracic catheter-based left ventricular (LV) access and closure. Background Implanting large devices, such as mitral or aortic valve prostheses, into the heart requires surgical exposure and repair. Reliable percutaneous direct transthoracic LV access and closure would allow new nonsurgical therapeutic procedures. Methods Percutaneous direct LV access was performed in 19 swine using real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and an “active” MRI needle antenna to deliver an 18-F introducer sheath. The LV access ports were closed percutaneously using a commercial ventricular septal defect occluder and an “active” MRI delivery cable for enhanced visibility. We used “permissive pericardial tamponade” (temporary fluid instillation to separate the 2 pericardial layers) to avoid pericardial entrapment by the epicardial disk. Techniques were developed in 8 animals, and 11 more were followed up to 3 months by MRI and histopathology. Results Imaging guidance allowed 18-F sheath access and closure with appropriate positioning of the occluder inside the transmyocardial tunnel. Of the survival cohort, immediate hemostasis was achieved in 8 of 11 patients. Failure modes included pericardial entrapment by the epicardial occluder disk (n = 2) and a true-apex entry site that prevented hemostatic apposition of the endocardial disk (n = 1). Reactive pericardial effusion (192 ± 118 ml) accumulated 5 ± 1 days after the procedure, requiring 1-time drainage. At 3 months, LV function was preserved, and the device was endothelialized. Conclusions Direct percutaneous LV access and closure is feasible using real-time MRI. A commercial occluder achieved hemostasis without evident deleterious effects on the LV. Having established the concept, further clinical development of this approach appears realistic. PMID:22192372

  1. Testing Percutaneous Arterial Closure Devices: An Animal Model

    SciTech Connect

    Ni Ruifang; Kranokpiraksa, Pawanrat; Pavcnik, Dusan, E-mail: pavcnikd@ohsu.edu; Kakizawa, Hideaki; Uchida, Barry T.; Keller, Frederick S.; Roesch, Josef [Oregon Health Sciences University, Dotter Interventional Institute (United States)

    2009-03-15

    The ovine superficial femoral artery was used for testing the efficacy of percutaneous arterial closure devices (PACDs) in their developmental stage. Two topical devices containing chitostan, one staple-mediated PACD and a porcine small intestinal submucosa plug, were tested by follow-up angiography in 37 sheep. Absence or presence of bleeding and time to bleeding cessation were the main criteria for evaluation of PAVD efficacy. The results of these tests directed modification of individual PACDs and improved their efficacy.

  2. Use of Prolonged Bivalirudin Infusions Following Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lynette R. Moser; Carrie W. Nemerovski; Kelley L. Good

    2011-01-01

    Introduction  Antithrombotic therapy plays an integral role in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Bivalirudin has been evaluated\\u000a in elective procedures and across the spectrum of acute coronary syndromes and is associated with decreased bleeding events\\u000a compared to unfractionated heparin (UFH) in combination with glycoprotein IIb\\/IIIa inhibitors (GPI) when used for the duration\\u000a of PCI. The use of bivalirudin beyond the end of

  3. Haemophilic pseudotumours of the limbs and their percutaneous treatment.

    PubMed

    Caviglia, H A; FernAndez-Palazzi, F; Gilbert, M S

    2002-05-01

    The percutaneous treatment of limb pseudotumours is a nonaggressive method of treating haemophilic pseudotumours. However, efforts should be directed to the prevention of such pseudotumours by ensuring that all patients receive adequate treatment of their bleeding episodes through education and the elimination of geographical or social barriers that prevent access to such treatment. Prevention of pseudotumours by means of early substitution treatment of muscular bleeding episodes is the best treatment. PMID:12010441

  4. Percutaneous injuries during oral and maxillofacial surgery procedures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jonathan E Carlton; Thomas B Dodson; Jennifer L Cleveland; Stuart A Lockwood

    1997-01-01

    Purpose: This study estimated the frequency of percutaneous injuries (Pls) to dental health-care workers during oral and maxillofacial surgery and examined the circumstances surrounding the incidents.Material and Methods: A self-reported, prospective study was conducted to document PlS incurred during oral and maxillofacial surgery performed on outpatients and inpatients over 1-month and 6-month periods, respectively. Among the study variables examined were

  5. Unintended Complication of Intracranial Subdural Hematoma after Percutaneous Epidural Neuroplasty

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Min Ki; Kim, Kee D.; Lim, Young Jin

    2014-01-01

    Percutaneous epidural neuroplasty (PEN) is a known interventional technique for the management of spinal pain. As with any procedures, PEN is associated with complications ranging from mild to more serious ones. We present a case of intracranial subdural hematoma after PEN requiring surgical evacuation. We review the relevant literature and discuss possible complications of PEN and patholophysiology of intracranial subdural hematoma after PEN. PMID:24851156

  6. An unusual presentation of colon perforation following percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

    PubMed

    Chubak, Barbara; Stern, Joshua M

    2014-11-01

    Colon perforation is a rare but serious complication of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), meriting particular attention to its signs and symptoms for prompt diagnosis and treatment. We report an unusual presentation of colon perforation following tubeless PCNL, characterized by sore throat, pneumomediastinum, and neck and shoulder crepitus. In addition to the details of this case, we review the current literature on bowel injury during PCNL and its management. PMID:25485017

  7. [Percutaneous ablation of metastases: where are we and new techniques].

    PubMed

    Palussière, Jean; Buy, Xavier; Fonck, Mariane

    2013-04-01

    When a metastatic disease is localized and slowly evolving either spontaneously or after a general treatment, a local treatment may be proposed. For about 15 years, image-guided percutaneous ablation has been developed which allows to treat tumors with temperature modifications. These mini-invasive techniques may be repeated in patients whose disease may be chronic. Ablation techniques are also used in a more palliative manner on bone metastases to obtain pain relief. PMID:23559360

  8. Treatment of hyperparathyroidism by percutaneous embolization of a mediastinal adenoma.

    PubMed

    Doppman, J L; Marx, S J; Spiegel, A M; Mallette, L E; Wolfe, D R; Aurbach, G D; Geelhoed, G

    1975-04-01

    Percutaneous embolization of parathyroid adenomas was attempted in three hypercalcemic patients with previously unsuccessful neck explorations. Two adenomas were in the mediastinum and the third was within the thyroid lobe. Autologous clot, Gelfoam, and silicone rubber were used to obstruct feeding arteries. The intrathyroidal adenoma failed to respond but both mediastinal adenomas were infarcted. Hyperparathyroidism recurred after 7 months in one patient but the other remains normocalcemic 8 months postembolization. PMID:1118615

  9. PERCUTANEOUS RADIO FREQUENCY ABLATION OF SMALL RENAL TUMORS: INITIAL RESULTS

    PubMed Central

    PAVLOVICH, CHRISTIAN P.; WALTHER, McCLELLAN M.; CHOYKE, PETER L.; PAUTLER, STEPHEN E.; CHANG, RICHARD; LINEHAN, W. MARSTON; WOOD, BRADFORD J.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose Thermal tissue ablation with radio frequency energy is an experimental treatment of renal tumor. We report early results of an ongoing trial of percutaneous radio frequency ablation for small renal tumors. Materials and Methods Patients with percutaneously accessible renal tumors were evaluated for radio frequency ablation. Tumors were solid on computerized tomography (CT), 3 cm. or less in diameter and enlarging during at least 1 year. Ablation was performed at the Interventional Radiology suite under ultrasound and/or CT guidance. A 50 W., 460 kHz. electrosurgical generator delivered radio frequency energy via a percutaneously placed 15 gauge coaxial probe. At least 2, 10 to 12-minute ablation cycles were applied to each lesion. Patients were observed overnight before discharge from hospital and reevaluated 2 months later. Results A total of 24 ablations were performed in 21 patients with renal tumor, including solid von Hippel-Lindau clear cell tumor in 19 and hereditary papillary renal cancer 2. Most (22 of 24) procedures were performed with patients under conscious sedation. At 2 months postoperatively mean tumor diameter plus or minus standard deviation decreased from 2.4 ± 0.4 to 2.0 ± 0.5 cm. (p = 0.001), and a majority of tumors (19 of 24, 79%) ceased to be enhanced on contrast CT. Mean serum creatinine plus or minus standard deviation was unchanged during this interval (1.0 ± 0.2 mg./dl.). No major and 4 minor complications were encountered, including 2 episodes each of transient psoas pain and flank skin numbness. Conclusions Percutaneous radio frequency ablation of small renal tumor is well tolerated and minimally invasive. It will remain experimental until procedural and imaging parameters that correlate with tumor destruction are validated. PMID:11743264

  10. Minimally invasive treatment of prostatic abscess – percutaneous transvesical drainage

    PubMed Central

    Bar, Krzysztof; D?ugosz, Marek; Starownik, Rados?aw

    2012-01-01

    We currently treat prostatic abscess with minimally invasive methods, most frequently with transurethral (TURP) or transrectal drainage under visual control with TRUS. We present an example of prostatic abscess drainage by percutaneous and transvesical means under the control of ultrasonography (USG). With a 9F single-stage drainage kit, the prostatic abscess was punctured through the abdominal skin and bladder in one step. We found this method to be straightforward for urology and safe for the patient. PMID:24578968

  11. Ascending Tonic Clonic Seizure Syndrome after Percutaneous Vertebroplasty

    PubMed Central

    Zarattini, Guido; Farrier, Adam; Sibona, Federico

    2015-01-01

    Background Context. Cement leakage is not a rare complication of vertebroplasty, but ascending tonic clonic seizure syndrome is exceptionally rare. We herein report the first case to our knowledge of this complication related to vertebroplasty. Purpose. We herein report the first case of ascending tonic clonic seizure syndrome following epidural cement leakage after percutaneous vertebroplasty in a patient with multiple osteoporotic compression fractures. Study Design. Case report. Methods. A 64-year-old woman with T8, T10, L2, and L4 osteoporotic compression fractures underwent percutaneous vertebroplasty using polymethylmethacrylate. 40 minutes after the procedure the patient started suffering back and leg pain, having repetitive myoclonic jerks lasting 15 seconds of the lower extremities, spasm of the back, dyspnea, sinus tachycardia, hypoxemia, and metabolic acidosis. Results. The patient recovered completely due to a combination of early effective resuscitation and considered definitive management. Conclusions. Percutaneous vertebroplasty with polymethylmethacrylate is relatively safe but has few dangerous complications, which should be prevented by a meticulous technique and excellent image quality. PMID:25977827

  12. Percutaneous treatment of subarachnoid-pleural fistula with Onyx.

    PubMed

    Knafo, Steven; Parker, Fabrice; Herbrecht, Anne; Court, Charles; Saliou, Guillaume

    2013-04-01

    Subarachnoid-pleural fistula is a well-described complication after anterior surgery for thoracic disc herniation, but is difficult to treat by means of traditional chest and lumbar drains due to interference by positive ventilation pressures that may keep the fistula open and prevent proper closure. Current treatment strategies include surgical repair, which is technically challenging, and noninvasive positive pressure ventilation, which can take several weeks to be effective. In this report, the authors describe a novel treatment for subarachnoid-pleural fistula using percutaneous obliteration with Onyx. Surgery for removal of a T7-8 disc herniation associated with ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament was performed in a 56-year-old woman via an anterior transthoracic transpleural approach. Ten days after surgery, she presented with diplopia due to a subarachnoid-pleural fistula that was confirmed by CT myelography. Percutaneous injection of Onyx was performed under local anesthesia. Postprocedure CT showed complete obliteration of the fistula with no adverse events. A CT scan obtained 1 month later showed complete resolution of the pleural effusion. Neurological examination at 3 months postsurgery was normal. Clinical and radiological follow-up at 1 year showed complete recovery and no sign of fistula recurrence. Percutaneous treatment for subarachnoid-pleural fistula is an easy, safe, and effective strategy and can therefore be proposed as a first-line option for this challenging complication. PMID:23432323

  13. Sugar ester J-1216 enhances percutaneous permeation of ionized lidocaine.

    PubMed

    Okamoto, Hirokazu; Sakai, Takashi; Tokuyama, Chiemi; Danjo, Kazumi

    2011-10-01

    Percutaneous absorption enhancers affect not only the permeability of skin but also the thermodynamic properties of active ingredients in the vehicle. The present study examined the effect of J-1216, a sucrose laurate with hydrophilic-lipophilic balance = 16, on the percutaneous permeation of lidocaine (LC) from this point of view. The percutaneous permeation of LC from aqueous vehicles (pH 6.0, 7.0, 8.0, and 10.0) with or without 1.5% J-1216 was examined with excised hairless mouse skin mounted on flow-through-type diffusion cell. The permeation of LC without J-1216 increased with an increase in the vehicle pH and could be basically explained by pH-partition theory. J-1216 increased the LC permeation at pH 6.0 and 7.0 but decreased it at pH 8.0 and 10.0. The interaction between LC and J-1216 was examined using an ultrafiltration technique. J-1216 micelles interacted predominantly with unionized LC. A theoretical calculation suggested that J-1216 enhances the permeability coefficient of ionized LC, whereas it has almost no effect on that of unionized free LC. J-1216 directly affects the skin to increase the permeation of ionized LC, whereas J-1216 micelles interact with unionized LC to decrease the permeation. The effect of J-1216 is therefore a function of vehicle pH and LC concentration. PMID:21626509

  14. Enhancing percutaneous delivery of methotrexate using different types of surfactants.

    PubMed

    Javadzadeh, Yousef; Hamishehkar, Hamed

    2011-02-01

    Regarding the potential severe toxicity associated with systemic administration of methotrexate (MTX), a topical formulation might be of greater utility for the treatment of psoriasis and other hyperproliferative skin disorders. One of the presumed reasons for the lack of clinical activity of topical methotrexate in psoriasis is insufficient percutaneous penetration necessary to inhibit epidermal DNA synthesis. The present study was undertaken to prepare a formulation to enhance skin penetration of MTX. For this mean, topical gel formulations were prepared and evaluated for MTX percutaneous absorption using rat skin and standard Franz diffusion cells. For enhancing percutaneous absorption, three surfactants (anionic, cationic and nonionic) were incorporated into formulations with different concentrations. Finally salicylic acid as a keratolytic material was added for more enhancement effect. The results showed that SLS (sodium lauryl sulphate) and alkyl benzyl dimethyl chloride did not show significant enhancement effect on the penetration of MTX. Transcutol was able to enhance transdermal absorption of MTX and the higher enhancement ratio was obtained with 2% (w/w) concentration of transcutol. Addition of salicylic acid increased this ratio. Prepared formulation containing transcutol 2% (w/w) and salicylic acid 6% (w/w) showed higher enhancement property and could be used clinically for local treatment of psoriasis. PMID:20951009

  15. Current perspectives in percutaneous atrial septal defect closure devices

    PubMed Central

    Bissessor, N

    2015-01-01

    In the last decade, percutaneous atrial septal defect (ASD) closure has become the treatment of choice in most clinical presentations of ASD. Percutaneous ASD closure has established procedural safety through operator experience and improved device structure and deliverability. There have also been advances in diagnostic capabilities. Devices have evolved from large bulky meshes to repositionable, minimal residual mesh content that easily endothelializes and conforms well to surrounding structures. Biodegradable technology has been introduced and will be closely watched as a future option. The evolution of ASD closure device usage in the last four decades incorporates development that minimizes a wide range of serious side effects that have been reported over the years. Complications reported in the literature include thrombus formation, air embolization, device embolization, erosions, residual shunts, and nickel hypersensitivity. Modern devices have intermediate to long term data with outcomes that have been favorable. Devices are available in multiple sizes with improved delivery mechanisms to recapture, reposition, and safely close simple and complex ASDs amenable to percutaneous closure. In this review, commonly used devices and deployment procedures are discussed together with a look at devices that show promise for the future.

  16. Diagnosis and Percutaneous Treatment of Soft-Tissue Hydatid Cysts

    SciTech Connect

    Akhan, Okan [Bayindir Hospital, Sogutozu, Department of Radiology (Turkey)], E-mail: akhano@tr.net; Gumus, Burcak; Akinci, Devrim; Karcaaltincaba, Musturay; Ozmen, Mustafa [Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Turkey)

    2007-06-15

    The purpose of this study is to demonstrate and discuss the radiological features of four patients with muscular hydatid disease and to evaluate the results of percutaneous treatment in these patients. Four patients (three female and one male) with six muscular hydatid cysts underwent percutaneous treatment and were followed up. The mean age of patients was 35 years (range: 12-60 years). Type I (n = 2), type II (n = 1), and type III (n = 3) hydatid cysts were observed in the thigh (n = 3) and gluteal (n = 1) region on radiologic examination. All interventions were performed under sonographic and fluoroscopic guidance. According to the type of the cyst, the procedure was carried out by either a 'catheterization technique with hypertonic saline and alcohol' or a 'modified catheterization technique.' The mean cathaterization time was 13.7 days, ranging from 1 to 54 days. The dimensions of the residual cavity were noted at every sonographic control, and an average of 96.1% volume reduction was obtained in six cysts of four patients. No sign of viability was observed during the follow-up period. Cavity infection and cellulitis were observed as complications, which resolved after medical therapy. Percutaneous treatment is a safe and effective procedure in patients with soft-tissue hydatid cysts and should be considered as a serious alternative to surgery.

  17. Pancreatic cystogastrostomy by combined upper endoscopy and percutaneous transgastric instrumentation.

    PubMed

    Atabek, U; Mayer, D; Amin, A; Camishion, R C

    1993-10-01

    Minimally invasive endoscopic and radiologic techniques have been reported for internal gastric drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts but these have significant technical limitations. A purely endoscopic approach to cystogastrostomy provides limited access for instrumentation and hemostasis. Radiologically-guided percutaneous techniques cannot regularly provide an adequately wide cystogastrostomy opening. Reported is a patient who had a pancreatic cystogastrostomy performed using a minimally invasive surgical approach combining upper endoscopy and percutaneous transgastric surgical instrumentation. The upper endoscope essentially served as a camera. A percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube served as a port for inserting laparoscopic instruments into the stomach. The laparoscopic instruments were used to create a 1.5 cm cystogastrostomy opening similar in size to what could be created by an open abdominal approach. The laparoscopy instruments provided good tactile feedback and excellent hemostatic control. Avoiding an open abdominal procedure shortened postoperative recovery and reduced patient discomfort. Although the pseudocyst recurred once, the same procedure was performed again and there has not been a recurrence for 10 months. The authors conclude that this minimally invasive surgical procedure provides an excellent alternative approach for internal drainage of selected pancreatic pseudocysts. PMID:8251667

  18. Critical Ingredients of Successful Demonstration Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Kay A.

    The findings from a series of case studies of nine successful demonstration programs are summarized. The programs, funded by the Appalachian Regional Commission, included child development, vocational education, technology, economic development, and housing. The primary purpose of the case studies was to discover what makes programs successful. A…

  19. Relation of Depression, Anxiety, and Quality of Life with Outcome after Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty

    PubMed Central

    Chaudhury, Suprakash; Srivastava, Kalpana

    2013-01-01

    Background. Despite, increasing number of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) being performed, there is a paucity of Indian studies on the psychological effects of PTCA. Aim. To study the relation of anxiety, depression, and health related quality of life with outcome after PTCA. Methods. A total of 35 patients undergoing PTCA were included in the present project with their informed consent. All patients filled a specially designed proforma, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Coronary Scale, Seattle Angina Questionnaire, and a health related quality of life measure (EQ 5D) one day before undergoing PTCA. Three days after PTCA patients were reassessed with the Hospital anxiety & depression scale, Seattle angina questionnaire and the EQ 5D. Results. Analysis showed that 46% had significant anxiety and 32.1% had significant depression before PTCA. Following successful PTCA, none of the patients had significant anxiety, and only 2 (3.6%) had significant depression. On the Seattle Angina Questionnaire, physical limitation reduced from 67.9 to 48. Disease perception improved from 21.2 to 37.1. On the EQ5D, the health status improved from 42.7 before PTCA to 78.7 after PTCA. Conclusion. Successful PTCA resulted in significant reduction in anxiety, depression, and physical limitation and improvement in disease perception and health status. PMID:24319368

  20. Primary angioplasty versus intravenous thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction: a quantitative review of 23 randomised trials

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ellen C Keeley; Judith A Boura; Cindy L Grines

    2003-01-01

    Summary Background Many trials have been done to compare primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) with thrombolytic therapy for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (AMI). Our aim was to look at the combined results of these trials and to ascertain which reperfusion therapy is most effective. Methods We did a search of published work and identified 23 trials, which together

  1. Radiofrequency ablation and percutaneous permanent iodine-125 implantation as salvage therapy for giant recurrent sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma of the chest wall: A case report

    PubMed Central

    KE, SHAN; DING, XUE-MEI; GAO, JUN; WANG, SHAO-HONG; ZHANG, JUN; KONG, JIAN; SUN, WEN-BING

    2015-01-01

    Sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma (SEF) is a rare soft-tissue sarcoma for which there is no standardized treatment regimen available. The current treatment options for SEF are resection, radiation and chemotherapy. Surgical resection remains the mainstay of therapy for SEF. However, SEF is an aggressive tumor that is prone to repeated local recurrence if not widely excised. Radiation and chemotherapy are less commonly used due to the insensitivity of SEF to these therapies. The treatment of recurrent SEF is even more challenging. The present study describes a patient who presented with a giant recurrent SEF arising from the chest wall that was accompanied by emergent bleeding. The patient was a 70-year-old male who had multiple comorbid diseases, including hypertension and chronic cardiac dysfunction. A computed tomography (CT) scan indicated the involvement of the sternum and anterior mediastinum. However, the patient refused any further surgery. Subsequent to careful discussion and consideration, radiofrequency (RF) ablation and percutaneous iodine-125 implantation was administered. The emergent bleeding was successfully stopped and the tumor was eliminated using RF ablation. Percutaneous iodine-125 implantation under CT guidance established effective control on the growth of the tumor involving the mediastinum. Despite this, the tumor recurred 6 months after treatment. The patient refused any further treatment and was discharged. In conclusion, RF ablation and percutaneous permanent iodine-125 implantation is a feasible and safe salvage therapy for patients with recurrent SEF of the chest wall.

  2. SUCCESS STORY DIGEST Success Story Digest

    E-print Network

    Rau, Don C.

    NIH LRP SUCCESS STORY DIGEST Success Story Digest In the profiles below, researchers describe how is an Assistant Professor of pediatrics at Wake Forest University's Brenner Children's Hospital. He received

  3. Clinical and Angiographic Factors Associated With Asymptomatic Restenosis After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter N. Ruygrok; Mark W. I. Webster; Vincent de Valk; Gerrit-Anne van Es; John A. Ormiston; Marie-Angèle M. Morel; Patrick W. Serruys

    Background—Angiographic restenosis after percutaneous coronary interventional procedures is more common than recurrent angina. Clinical and angiographic factors associated with asymptomatic versus symptomatic restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention were compared. Methods and Results—All patients with angiographic restenosis from the BENESTENT I, BENESTENT II pilot, BENESTENT II, MUSIC, WEST 1, DUET, FINESS 2, FLARE, SOPHOS, and ROSE studies were analyzed. Multivariate analysis

  4. Clinical and Angiographic Factors Associated With Asymptomatic Restenosis After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. N. Ruygrok; M. W. I. Webster; Valk de V; Es van G. A; J. A. Ormiston; M.-A. M. Morel; P. W. J. C. Serruys

    2001-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Angiographic restenosis after percutaneous coronary interventional procedures is more common than recurrent angina. Clinical and angiographic factors associated with asymptomatic versus symptomatic restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention were compared. METHODS AND RESULTS: All patients with angiographic restenosis from the BENESTENT I, BENESTENT II pilot, BENESTENT II, MUSIC, WEST 1, DUET, FINESS 2, FLARE, SOPHOS, and ROSE studies were analyzed.

  5. Multivariate prediction of in-hospital mortality after percutaneous coronary interventions in 1994–1996

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerald T. O’Connor; David J. Malenka; Hebe Quinton; John F. Robb; Mirle A. Kellett; Samuel Shubrooks; William A. Bradley; Michael J. Hearne; Mathew W. Watkins; David E. Wennberg; Bruce Hettleman; Daniel J. O’Rourke; Paul D. McGrath; Thomas Ryan; Peter VerLee

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVESUsing recent data, we sought to identify risk factors associated with in-hospital mortality among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions.BACKGROUNDThe ability to accurately predict the risk of an adverse outcome is important in clinical decision making and for risk adjustment when assessing quality of care. Most clinical prediction rules for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were developed using data collected before the

  6. Bilateral percutaneous cervical cordotomy: immediate and long-term results in 36 patients with neoplastic disease.

    PubMed Central

    Ischia, S; Luzzani, A; Ischia, A; Maffezzoli, G

    1984-01-01

    Thirty-six patients with neoplastic disease suffering from chronic bilateral pain were subjected to bilateral percutaneous cervical cordotomy. The technique and precautions to be taken in bilateral percutaneous cervical cordotomy performed either in one or two stages are described using a traditional or Levin's thermocouple-monitored electrode. The sequelae, complications and immediate and long-term results are reported. Images PMID:6584554

  7. Successful Endoscopic Decompression for Intramural Duodenal Hematoma with Gastric Outlet Obstruction Complicating Acute Pancreatitis

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Jun Young; Chung, Jin Soo

    2012-01-01

    Non-traumatic intramural duodenal hematoma (IDH) with duodenal obstruction caused by acute pancreatitis is rare. Most patients with non-extensive hematoma show improvement with non-operative treatments. Percutaneous drainage or surgery may be necessary in cases with suspected malignancy, perforation, or intestinal tract obstruction. We present a case of IDH caused by acute pancreatitis that led to obstruction of the duodenum and an experience of successful endoscopic decompression of the hematoma. PMID:22977802

  8. Piriformis Syndrome: Long-Term Follow-up in Patients Treated with Percutaneous Injection of Anesthetic and Corticosteroid Under CT Guidance

    SciTech Connect

    Masala, Salvatore, E-mail: salva.masala@tiscali.it; Crusco, Sonia, E-mail: sonia.crusco@fastwebnet.it; Meschini, Alessandro, E-mail: a.mesko@libero.it; Taglieri, Amedeo, E-mail: Amedeo.Taglieri@libero.it; Calabria, Eros, E-mail: eros.calabria@libero.it; Simonetti, Giovanni, E-mail: Giovanni.Simonetti@uniroma2.it [Fondazione Policlinico 'Tor Vergata,', Department of Diagnostic and Molecular Imaging, Interventional Radiology and Radiation Therapy (Italy)

    2012-04-15

    Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of CT-guided injection of anesthetic and corticosteroid for the treatment of pain in patients with piriformis syndrome unresponsive to conservative treatment. Methods: We enrolled 23 patients with piriformis syndrome, proposing a percutaneous intramuscular injection of methylprednisone-lidocaine. Among them, 13 patients accepted and 10 refused to undergo the procedure; the second group was used as a control group. Clinical evaluation was performed with four maneuvers (Lasegue sign, FAIR test, Beatty and Freiberg maneuver) and a VAS questionnaire before the injection, after 5-7 days, and after 2 months. A telephonic follow-up was conducted to 3, 6, and 12 months. Results: Procedural success was achieved in all patients who were treated without any complications. After 2 months, among 13 treated subjects, 2 of 13 patients showed positivity to FAIR test (hip flexion, adduction, and internal rotation), 2 of 13 were positive to Lasegue sign, and the Beatty maneuver was positive in 1 patient. Patients who underwent conservative treatment were positive respectively in 7 of 10 (p = 0.01), 6 of 10 (p = 0.03), and 6 of 10 (p = 0.01). The VAS score showed a difference between patients treated with percutaneous approach and those managed with conservative therapy at the baseline evaluation (p = 0.04), after 2 months (p = 0.02), and 12 months (p = 0.002). We observed a significant reduction in pain for patients treated percutaneously, who were evaluated with the VAS scale at 5-7 days, 2 months, 3, 6, and 12 months (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Our findings suggested potential benefit from the percutaneous injection of anesthetics and corticosteroids under CT guidance for the treatment of piriformis syndrome.

  9. Percutaneous penetration of uranium in rats after a contamination on intact or wounded skin.

    PubMed

    Petitot, F; Gautier, C; Moreels, A M; Frelon, S; Paquet, F

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this work is to assess in vivo in a hairless rat model, the percutaneous diffusion of uranium through intact or wounded rat skin. Six types of wounds were simulated by excoriation and burns with 10 N HF, 2, 5 and 14 N HNO3 and 10 N NaOH on anaesthetised hairless rats. Percutaneous penetration through wounded skin towards blood and subsequent urinary excretion of uranium was followed in vivo during 24 h. The influence of the physicochemical form (solution or powder) of uranyl nitrate (UN) on its percutaneous diffusion was also investigated. UN, even as a powder, can diffuse through intact skin. The presence of uranium in blood is more persistent and its urinary elimination is slower after an HF burn than after an HNO3 burn. Excoriation increases dramatically percutaneous absorption of UN. Thus, percutaneous diffusion of UN is largely dependent on skin barrier integrity with a particular importance of stratum corneum. PMID:17553861

  10. Overview, Rationale, and Lexicon: Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Warren J. Cantor

    Angiographic and pathologic studies have contributed greatly to our understanding of the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndromes. ‘‘Vulnerable’’ atherosclerotic plaque, characterized by thin fibrous caps, lipid-rich cores, and infiltration of leukocytes, undergo ulceration, fissure, or rupture [1–3]. Exposure of subendothelial collagen leads to adhesion and activation of platelets. The coagulation cascade is initiated by subendothelial tissue factor as well as

  11. Percutaneous angioscopy after excimer laser angioplasty

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakamura, Fumitaka; Kvasnicka, Jan; Geschwind, Herbert J.; Uchida, Yasumi

    1992-08-01

    Angioscopy has proved to provide more detailed information on lesion morphology before and after interventional procedures than angiography. Therefore, to evaluate the effects of laser angioplasty, angioscopy was performed in five patients with peripheral or coronary vascular disease who underwent excimer laser angioplasty. The excimer laser was operated at 308 nm, 135 nsec, 25 Hz, and 40 - 60 mJ/mm2 and was coupled into multifiber wire-guided catheters of 1.4 to 2.0 mm diameter for coronary lesions and 2.2 mm for peripheral lesions. There were three coronary (one left anterior descending, one circumflex, one right coronary artery) and two peripheral (one common iliac artery, one superficial femoral artery) lesions. Angioscopy was successfully performed before and after laser ablation without any complications in all five lesions. The characteristics of angioscopic findings after excimer laser angioplasty consisted of flaps, fractures of plaques, and abundant tissue remnants. There was no apparent thermal injury. Recanalized channels were small and irregular. These results indicate that (1) angioscopy is effective and safe for evaluation of lesion morphology after laser angioplasty, (2) laser ablation does not result in thermal injury, and (3) irregular channels after recanalization and abundant tissue remnants may explain the suboptimal results after laser angioplasty.

  12. Clinical Outcomes of Percutaneous Endoscopic Surgery for Lumbar Discal Cyst

    PubMed Central

    Ha, Sang Woo; Kim, Seok Won; Lee, SeungMyung; Kim, Yong Hyun; Kim, Hyeun Sung

    2012-01-01

    Objective Discal cyst is rare and causes indistinguishable symptoms from lumbar disc herniation. The clinical manifestations and pathological features of discal cyst have not yet been completely known. Discal cyst has been treated with surgery or with direct intervention such as computed tomography (CT) guided aspiration and steroid injection. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the percutaneous endoscopic surgery for lumbar discal cyst over at least 6 months follow-up. Methods All 8 cases of discal cyst with radiculopathy were treated by percutaneous endoscopic surgery by transforaminal approach. The involved levels include L5-S1 in 1 patient, L3-4 in 2, and L4-5 in 5. The preoperative magnetic resonance imaging and 3-dimensional CT with discogram images in all cases showed a connection between the cyst and the involved intervertebral disc. Over a 6-months period, self-reported measures were assessed using an outcome questionaire that incorporated total back-related medical resource utilization and improvement of leg pain [visual analogue scale (VAS) and Macnab's criteria]. Results All 8 patients underwent endoscopic excision of the cyst with additional partial discectomy. Seven patients obtained immediate relief of symptoms after removal of the cyst by endoscopic approach. There were no recurrent lesions during follow-up period. The mean preoperative VAS for leg pain was 8.25±0.5. At the last examination followed longer than 6 month, the mean VAS for leg pain was 2.25±2.21. According to MacNab' criteria, 4 patients (50%) had excellent results, 3 patients (37.5%) had good results; thus, satisfactory results were achieved in 7 patients (87.5%). However, one case had unsatisfactory result with persistent leg pain and another paresthesia. Conclusion The radicular symptoms were remarkably improved in most patients immediately after percutaneous endoscopic cystectomy by transforaminal approach. PMID:22737300

  13. Predicting Infected Bile Among Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Cholecystostomy

    SciTech Connect

    Beardsley, Shannon L.; Shlansky-Goldberg, Richard D.; Patel, Aalpen; Freiman, David B.; Soulen, Michael C.; Stavropoulos, S. William; Clark, Timothy W.I. [Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Section of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology (United States)], E-mail: clark@rad.upenn.edu

    2005-04-15

    Purpose. Patients may not achieve a clinical benefit after percutaneous cholecystostomy due to the inherent difficulty in identifying patients who truly have infected gallbladders. We attempted to identify imaging and biochemical parameters which would help to predict which patients have infected gallbladders. Methods. A retrospective review was performed of 52 patients undergoing percutaneous cholecystostomy for clinical suspicion of acute cholecystitis in whom bile culture results were available. Multiple imaging and biochemical variables were examined alone and in combination as predictors of infected bile, using logistic regression. Results. Of the 52 patients, 25 (48%) had infected bile. Organisms cultured included Enterococcus, Enterobacter, Klebsiella, Pseudomonas, E. coli, Citrobacter and Candida. No biochemical parameters were significantly predictive of infected bile; white blood cell count >15,000 was weakly associated with greater odds of infected bile (odds ratio 2.0, p = NS). The presence of gallstones, sludge, gallbladder wall thickening and pericholecystic fluid by ultrasound or CT were not predictive of infected bile, alone or in combination, although a trend was observed among patients with CT findings of acute cholecystitis toward a higher 30-day mortality. Radionuclide scans were performed in 31% of patients; all were positive and 66% of these patients had infected bile. Since no patient who underwent a radionuclide scan had a negative study, this variable could not be entered into the regression model due to collinearity. Conclusion. No single CT or ultrasound imaging variable was predictive of infected bile, and only a weak association of white blood cell count with infected bile was seen. No other biochemical parameters had any association with infected bile. The ability of radionuclide scanning to predict infected bile was higher than that of ultrasound or CT. This study illustrates the continued challenge to identify bacterial cholecystitis among patients referred for percutaneous cholecystostomy.

  14. [Tracheotomy-endoscop for dilatational percutaneous tracheotomy (TED)].

    PubMed

    Klemm, Eckart

    2006-09-01

    While surgical tracheotomies are currently performed using state-of-the-art operative techniques, percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) is in a rapidly evolving state with regard to its technology and the number of techniques available. This has resulted in a range of new complications that are difficult to quantify on a scientific basis, given the fact that more than half of the patients who are tracheotomized in intensive care units die from their underlying disease. The new Tracheotomy Endoscope (TED) is designed to help prevent serious complications in dilatational tracheotomies and facilitate their management. The endoscope has been specifically adapted to meet the require-ments of percutaneous dilatational tracheotomies. It is fully compatible with all current techniques of PDT. The method is easy to learn. The percutaneous dilatational tracheotomy with the Tracheotomy Endoscope is a seven-step procedure: Advantages of the Tracheotomy Endoscope: Injuries to the posterior tracheal wall ar impossible (tracheoesophageal fistulas, pneumothorax). Minor bleeding sites on the tracheal mucosa can be controlled with a specially curved suction-coagulation tube introudeced through the Tracheotomy Endoscope. In cases with heavy bleeding and a risk of aspiration, the rigid indwelling Tracheotomy Endoscope provides a secure route for reintubating the patient with a cuffed endotracheal tube. It also allows for rapid conversion to an open surgical procedure if necessary. All the parts are easy to clean and are autoclavable. This type of endoscopically guided PDT creates an optimal link between the specialties of intensive care medicine and otorhinolaryngology. The Tracheotomy Endoscope (TED) increases the standard of safety in PDT. PMID:16952075

  15. Biliary peritonitis due to gall bladder perforation after percutaneous nephrolithotomy

    PubMed Central

    Ranjan, Nikhil; Singh, Rana Pratap; Tiwary, Rajesh

    2015-01-01

    A 19-year-old male patient underwent right percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) for right renal 1.5 × 1.5 cm lower pole stone. The procedure was completed uneventfully with complete stone clearance. The patient developed peritonitis and shock 48 h after the procedure. Exploratory laparotomy revealed a large amount of bile in the abdomen along with three small perforations in the gall bladder (GB) and one perforation in the caudate lobe of the liver. Retrograde cholecystectomy was performed but the patient did not recover and expired post-operatively. This case exemplifies the high mortality of GB perforation after PNL and the lack of early clinical signs.

  16. Percutaneous discectomy and drainage for postoperative intervertebral discitis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jian Li; Denglu Yan; Lijun Duan; Zhi Zhang; Haodong Zhu; Zaihen Zhang

    2011-01-01

    Background  Postoperative intervertebral discitis occurs following spinal surgery. This study was done to evaluate the effect of percutaneous\\u000a discectomy and drainage (PDD) for postoperative intervertebral discitis.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A retrospective study of postoperative intervertebral discitis treated by PDD procedures was conducted from January 1997 to\\u000a June 2006. There were 34 patients (24 males, 10 females); 10 cases of after lumbar discectomy (L3–4 in

  17. The 'Secret' of success part 1.

    PubMed

    Busby, Mike

    2011-03-01

    Practice success is defined across the four'dimensions' of oral health, patient satisfaction, job satisfaction and financial profit. It is suggested that the 'secret' of success in dental practice is to make patient (customer) satisfaction the primary focus. Not a very earth shattering or surprising'secret' perhaps! This is hardly a new idea, and not a concept restricted to dental practice. This principle applies to all businesses. This series of articles reviews evidence from across a broad spectrum of publications: from populist business publications through to refereed scientific papers, this'secret' seems to be confirmed. The evidence for which aspects of our service are most important in achieving patient satisfaction (and therefore success) is explored. Good oral health outcomes for patients are defined as the primary purpose of dental practice and, therefore, an essential dimension of success. The link between positive patient perceptions of general care and their own oral health to practice success is explored. PMID:21500624

  18. Percutaneous closure of the aortic valve as a bridge to heart transplantation to treat severe aortic insufficiency after ventricular assist device.

    PubMed

    Sauer, Andrew J; Davidson, Charles J; McGee, Edwin C

    2015-08-01

    Aortic insufficiency (AI) following rotary left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation is an increasingly common problem with inadequately defined treatment options. Percutaneous transcatheter (PTC) closure of the aortic valve (AV) has been described as a potential nonsurgical approach. Alternatively, we present a case of decompensated heart failure due to de novo severe AI following LVAD in which successful PTC closure of the AV resolved the severe AI and allowed for clinical recovery and stability for more than 10 months as a bridge to heart transplantation. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:24975484

  19. Results of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty by multiple, relatively low frequency operators: 1986-1987 experience.

    PubMed

    Hamad, N; Pichard, A D; Lyle, H R; Lindsay, J

    1988-06-01

    The initial results of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in this institution were described previously and were comparable with national statistics despite the comparatively small number of cases performed by individual physicians. Two years later, the number and complexity of cases have increased significantly. In the present study, the experience of 3 physicians (group 1) who performed greater than 100 PTCAs (143 +/- 35, mean +/- standard deviation) was compared with that of 14 physicians (group 2) who performed less than 100 PTCAs (25 +/- 16) during a recent 12-month period. Group 1 and group 2 performed 430 and 351 PTCAs, with a 91 and 84% success rate, respectively (p less than 0.01). Group 1 and group 2 attempted dilatation of 595 and 444 narrowings with an 85 and 81% success rate, respectively (p less than 0.025). The differences reflect outcomes with "complex lesions," with which group 1 had a higher success rate than group 2 (81 vs 69%, p less than 0.05) and a lower complication rate (3.1 vs 7.5%, difference not significant). Outcomes with "simple lesions" were similar for the 2 groups (93 vs 90%). As a result, the conclusions of the previous study should be modified. The present data suggest that while low frequency operators can perform PTCA of "simple lesions" with quite satisfactory results in the setting of an institution in which large numbers of PTCAs are performed and in which an expert team is available for support, outcomes with "complex lesions" are likely to be better in more experienced hands. PMID:2967632

  20. Clinical Results of Percutaneous Needle Fasciotomy for Dupuytren’s Disease in Japanese Patients

    PubMed Central

    Tokunaga, Susumu

    2015-01-01

    Background: Clinical results of percutaneous needle fasciotomy (PNF) in Japanese patients with Dupuytren’s disease are reported. Methods: In this prospective study, 51 patients (103 fingers: 1 index, 9 middle, 47 ring, and 46 small) underwent PNF at 99 metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and 68 proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints. Patients were assessed postoperatively after 1 day, at 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks, and at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Correction of contracture was measured in degrees, and an improvement index (% improvement) was described previously by Tonkin et al. A correction of the contracture to 5° or less at each joint and at each digital ray represented a successful correction. The recurrence rates in MCP and PIP joints were also evaluated. Correlations between the Tubiana classification stage and successful correction, % improvement, and recurrence rate were evaluated. The relationships between recurrence rate and the diathesis score (more/less than 5 points) and between recurrence rate and age at surgery (<50/?50 years) were also examined. Results: In MCP and PIP joints, the improvement maintained at final follow-up was 89% and 57%, respectively, with successful corrections in 89% and 76%, respectively. PNF corrected digital rays at various Tubiana stages: stage 1 = 100%, stage 2 = 82%, stage 3 = 46%, and stage 4 = 0%. Improvements were preserved in stage 1 = 83%; stage 2 = 62%; stage 3 = 58%, and stage 4 = 60%. Recurrence of Dupuytren’s disease was significant for the PIP joint, severe Tubiana stage, and younger patients. Conclusions: Clinical results of PNF in Japanese patients with Dupuytren’s contractures were similar to those of whites.

  1. Use of the AngioJet percutaneous thrombectomy system for the treatment of acute Budd-Chiari syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Doyle, Adam; Nicoll, Amanda; Dowling, Richard

    2013-01-01

    A 31-year-old woman presented to our emergency department with an acute liver injury secondary to acute Budd-Chiari (BC) syndrome from hepatic vein thrombosis. After a thorough discussion of the risks involved, we proceeded to treatment with a novel approach, performing a mechanical hepatic vein thrombectomy with the AngioJet percutaneous thrombectomy system. Restoration of hepatic vein flow was confirmed with on-table Doppler ultrasound. There were no complications following the procedure. The patient was initiated on anticoagulation, and showed progressive clinical and laboratory improvement. She was discharged home on day 20 with normal liver function and biochemistry. This is the first reported case of successful mechanical thrombectomy in acute BC syndrome without the addition of angioplasty or chemical thrombolysis. PMID:23737569

  2. Acute oral and percutaneous toxicity of pesticides to mallards: Correlations with mammalian toxicity data

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hudson, R.H.; Haegele, M.A.; Tucker, R.K.

    1979-01-01

    Acute oral (po) and 24-hr percutaneous (perc) LD50 values for 21 common pesticides (19 anticholinesterases, of which 18 were organophosphates, and one was a carbamate; one was an organochlorine central nervous system stimulant; and one was an organonitrogen pneumotoxicant) were determined in mallards (Anas platyrhynchos). Three of the pesticides tested were more toxic percutaneously than orally. An index to the percutaneous hazard of a pesticide, the dermal toxicity index (DTI = po LD50/perc LD50 ? 100), was also calculated for each pesticide. These toxicity values in mallards were compared with toxicity data for rats from the literature. Significant positive correlations were found between log po and log percutaneous LD50 values in mallards (r = 0.65, p 0.10). Variations in percutaneous methodologies are discussed with reference to interspecies variation in toxicity values. It is recommended that a mammalian DTI value approaching 30 be used as a guideline for the initiation of percutaneous toxicity studies in birds, when the po LD50 and/or projected percutaneous LD50 are less than expected field exposure levels.

  3. Brain Abscess after Percutaneous Therapy for Trigeminal Neuralgia

    PubMed Central

    Acqui, Michele; Familiari, Pietro; Pesce, Alessandro; Toccaceli, Giada; Raco, Antonino

    2015-01-01

    We report a case of brain abscess following the percutaneous treatment for trigeminal neuralgia. This procedure envisages the access with a needle into the middle cranial fossa through the oral cavity. Thus, in this case, the bacterial infection can be more likely ascribed to the possible contamination of the needle inside the oral cavity rather than to other frequent and more controllable causes of infection like an imperfect sterilization of surgical instruments or an inadequate antiseptic preparation of both operator's hands and patient's skin. The subsequent brain abscess was treated with antibiotic therapy (Vancomycin 2?gr a day and Meropenem 8?g a day for 22 days before the surgical procedure and 30 days after, until complete normalization of laboratory parameters, clinical parameters, and neurological symptoms) and surgical drainage, although the culture of the abscess capsule and the purulent material resulted sterile. In conclusion, the percutaneous therapy for trigeminal neuralgia can be objectively related to risks, even if performed by expert hands. Therefore, it is important that the patient should be advised regarding risks/benefits and/or septic complications of such procedures, even if they occur very seldom. An association of surgery and antibiotic therapy results as effective treatment for this pathologic condition. PMID:25821610

  4. Laparoscopy-assisted percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy enables enteral nutrition even in patients with distorted anatomy

    PubMed Central

    Hermanowicz, Adam; Matuszczak, Ewa; Komarowska, Marta; Jarocka-Cyrta, Elzbieta; Wojnar, Jerzy; Debek, Wojciech; Matysiak, Konrad; Klek, Stanislaw

    2013-01-01

    AIM: To analyzed whether laparoscopy-assisted percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) could be a valuable option for patients with complicated anatomy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of twelve patients (seven females, five males; six children, six young adults; mean age 19.2 years) with cerebral palsy, spastic quadriparesis, severe kyphoscoliosis and interposed organs and who required enteral nutrition (EN) due to starvation was performed. For all patients, standard PEG placement was impossible due to distorted anatomy. All the patients qualified for the laparoscopy-assisted PEG procedure. RESULTS: In all twelve patients, the laparoscopy-assisted PEG was successful, and EN was introduced four to six hours after the PEG placement. There were no complications in the perioperative period, either technical or metabolic. All the patients were discharged from the hospital and were then effectively fed using bolus methods. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopy-assisted PEG should become the method of choice for gastrostomy tube placement and subsequent EN if PEG placement cannot be performed safely. PMID:24282357

  5. Percutaneous excimer laser coronary angioplasty: development of technology and initial clinical results

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tcheng, James E.; Miller, James S.; Songer, Ronald W.; Golobic, Robert A.

    1992-08-01

    The development of laser systems suitable for vascular angioplasty is a multidisciplinary endeavor that includes development of the laser energy source, guidance modality, delivery catheter, and assessment of clinical applicability. In this paper we report on the design criteria of percutaneous coronary catheters and how these have guided development of the Spectranetics excimer laser angioplasty system. The Spectranetics CVX-300TM excimer laser angioplasty system was designed for safe application in the cardiac catheterization laboratory while maximizing system maintenance intervals. Recent improvements in catheter design and construction have been directed at optimizing target lesion acquisition and treatment. Lesion access and alignment have been facilitated through the use of optical fiber bundles with increased flexibility. Ablation efficiency has been improved by a combination of increased active fiber area and optimization of the radial location of the fiber array compared to the original devices. Engineered stiffness profiles have been improved and lubricous coatings incorporated to optimize force transmission and tactile feedback for the clinician. Initial clinical results appear favorable. In particular, excimer laser angioplasty appears to have an advantage in the treatment of complex coronary lesions such as diffuse coronary arterial disease, total occlusions, ostial stenoses, moderately calcified lesions, and vein graft disease. In these settings, improved procedural success rates and a lowered incidence of complications have been observed compared to conventional balloon PTCA angioplasty. Examples of complex coronary lesion cases as well as a summary of the data of the initial clinical results from the multicenter trial are also presented in this paper.

  6. Percutaneous transluminal pulmonary angioplasty for the treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension: Challenges and future directions.

    PubMed

    Dimopoulos, Konstantinos; Kempny, Aleksander; Alonso-Gonzalez, Rafael; Wort, Stephen J

    2015-05-01

    Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a common type of pulmonary hypertension, resulting from fibrotic transformation of pulmonary artery clots causing chronic obstruction of major pulmonary arteries and associated vascular remodeling in more distal vessels. The mainstay of CTEPH treatment is pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA), which has the potential to be curative but is possible in less than two thirds of cases. In inoperable patients and those with residual or recurrent CTEPH, medical therapy has been shown to be beneficial, albeit not curative. Balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) is a percutaneous technique for the relief of chronic thromboembolic lesions, first reported over two decades ago. More recent case series have demonstrated that, as the technique is refined, results are improving. The potential indications for BPA are now expanding beyond inoperable CTEPH patients, with Shimura et al. demonstrating the aggressive nature of residual or recurrent CTEPH, treated successfully by BPA years after PEA. Major challenges lie ahead of BPA before it can take its place alongside PEA and medication in the treatment of CTEPH. PMID:25841135

  7. Percutaneous Glue Embolization of a Visceral Artery Pseudoaneurysm in a Case of Sickle Cell Anemia

    SciTech Connect

    Gulati, Gurpreet S. [All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Cardiovascular Radiology (India); Gulati, Manpreet S. [All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Radiodiagnosis (India)], E-mail: em_gulati@hotmail.com; Makharia, Govind [All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Gastroenterology (India); Hatimota, Pradeep [All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Radiodiagnosis (India); Saikia, Nripen [All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Gastroenterology (India); Paul, Shashi B. [All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Radiodiagnosis (India); Acharya, Subrat [All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Gastroenterology (India)

    2006-08-15

    Although aneurysmal complications of sickle cell anemia have been described in the intracranial circulation, visceral artery pseudoaneurysms in this disease entity have not previously been reported in the literature. Conventional treatment of visceral pseudoaneurysms has been surgical ligation or resection of the aneurysm. Transcatheter embolization has emerged as an attractive, minimally invasive alternative to surgery in the treatment of these lesions. In certain situations, however, due to the unfavorable angiographic anatomy precluding safe transcatheter embolization, direct percutaneous glue injection of the pseudoaneurysm sac may be considered to achieve successful occlusion of the sac. The procedure may be rendered safer by simultaneous balloon protection of the parent artery. We describe this novel treatment modality in a case of inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery pseudoaneurysm in a patient with sickle cell anemia. Although a complication in the form of glue reflux into the parent vessel occurred that necessitated surgery, this treatment modality may be used in very selected cases (where conventional endovascular embolization techniques are not applicable) after careful selection of the balloon diameter and appropriate concentration of the glue-lipiodol mixture.

  8. Percutaneous Vertebroplasty: A First Line Treatment in Traumatic Non-Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Study Design This was a prospective cohort study. Purpose The purpose of this study was to document and evaluate the clinical and radiological results of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV) as a first line treatment in traumatic non-osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (TNVCFs). Overview of Literature PV is commonly used for osteoporotic and neoplastic compression fractures, however its use in traumatic non-osteoporotic compression fractures is uncertain. Methods We included 23 patients with traumatic non-osteoporotic TNVCFs and normal bone mineral densitometry scores who were treated with PV. Pain was evaluated at 2 hours, 1 week, 1 month, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years post procedure using the 10-point visual analogue scale (VAS). Ronald-Morris disability Questionnaire (RDQ) scores were also collected. Statistical analysis included a 2-tailed t test comparing postoperative data with preoperative values. Range of mobility was also evaluated. Results The 23 patients had an average age of 36 years, and 69.5% were female. There was a significant improvement in VAS scores of pain at rest and in motionand in RDQ scores (p<0.05). Conclusions The results of this study proved that PV can be used successfully as a first line treatment in patients with non-osteoporotic compression fractures. It is also, an effective method to decrease pain, increase mobility, and decrease narcotic administration. PMID:25901227

  9. Three-dimensional virtual surgery models for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) optimization strategies.

    PubMed

    Wang, Hujun; Liu, Jinghua; Zheng, Xu; Rong, Xiaohui; Zheng, Xuwei; Peng, Hongyu; Silber-Li, Zhanghua; Li, Mujun; Liu, Liyu

    2015-01-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), especially coronary stent implantation, has been shown to be an effective treatment for coronary artery disease. However, in-stent restenosis is one of the longstanding unsolvable problems following PCI. Although stents implanted inside narrowed vessels recover normal flux of blood flows, they instantaneously change the wall shear stress (WSS) distribution on the vessel surface. Improper stent implantation positions bring high possibilities of restenosis as it enlarges the low WSS regions and subsequently stimulates more epithelial cell outgrowth on vessel walls. To optimize the stent position for lowering the risk of restenosis, we successfully established a digital three-dimensional (3-D) model based on a real clinical coronary artery and analysed the optimal stenting strategies by computational simulation. Via microfabrication and 3-D printing technology, the digital model was also converted into in vitro microfluidic models with 3-D micro channels. Simultaneously, physicians placed real stents inside them; i.e., they performed "virtual surgeries". The hydrodynamic experimental results showed that the microfluidic models highly inosculated the simulations. Therefore, our study not only demonstrated that the half-cross stenting strategy could maximally reduce restenosis risks but also indicated that 3-D printing combined with clinical image reconstruction is a promising method for future angiocardiopathy research. PMID:26042609

  10. Percutaneous cardioscopy of the cardiac chambers in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fujimori, Yoshiharu; Uchida, Yasumi; Nakamura, Fumitaka; Tomaru, Takanobu; Miwa, Atsuko; Hirose, Junichi; Sasaki, Michihiko; Oshima, Tomomitsu; Tsubouchi, Hiroyuki

    1993-05-01

    Recent advances in fiberoptic technology enables us to observe the cardiac chambers percutaneously in various categories of heart disease. We applied cardioscopy in 4 patients with HCM. Two of them presented excessive or good left ventricular function and no history of congestive heart failure (CHF). The other two patients showed reduced left ventricular function with a history of CHF. Cardioscopy was successfully performed in all patients. In patients with excessive or good left ventricular function, the color of the endocardial surface was light brown mixed with white. The trabeculae were significantly thick and contracted vigorously. In patients with reduced left ventricular function, the color was whiter, and the thickness and contraction of the trabeculae were reduced obviously. Myocardial biopsy revealed that interstitial fibrosis was prominent in the latters. These results indicate that (1) cardioscopy is safe and useful for evaluation of the internal surface of the ventricle in patients with HCM, and (2) cardioscopic characteristics of the ventricle are closely related to histopathological features.

  11. Three-dimensional virtual surgery models for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) optimization strategies

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Hujun; Liu, Jinghua; Zheng, Xu; Rong, Xiaohui; Zheng, Xuwei; Peng, Hongyu; Silber-Li, Zhanghua; Li, Mujun; Liu, Liyu

    2015-01-01

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), especially coronary stent implantation, has been shown to be an effective treatment for coronary artery disease. However, in-stent restenosis is one of the longstanding unsolvable problems following PCI. Although stents implanted inside narrowed vessels recover normal flux of blood flows, they instantaneously change the wall shear stress (WSS) distribution on the vessel surface. Improper stent implantation positions bring high possibilities of restenosis as it enlarges the low WSS regions and subsequently stimulates more epithelial cell outgrowth on vessel walls. To optimize the stent position for lowering the risk of restenosis, we successfully established a digital three-dimensional (3-D) model based on a real clinical coronary artery and analysed the optimal stenting strategies by computational simulation. Via microfabrication and 3-D printing technology, the digital model was also converted into in vitro microfluidic models with 3-D micro channels. Simultaneously, physicians placed real stents inside them; i.e., they performed “virtual surgeries”. The hydrodynamic experimental results showed that the microfluidic models highly inosculated the simulations. Therefore, our study not only demonstrated that the half-cross stenting strategy could maximally reduce restenosis risks but also indicated that 3-D printing combined with clinical image reconstruction is a promising method for future angiocardiopathy research. PMID:26042609

  12. Design of a Bone-Attached Parallel Robot for Percutaneous Cochlear Implantation

    PubMed Central

    Blachon, Grégoire S.; Withrow, Thomas J.; Balachandran, Ramya; Labadie, Robert F.; Webster, Robert J.

    2014-01-01

    Access to the cochlea requires drilling in close proximity to bone-embedded nerves, blood vessels, and other structures, the violation of which can result in complications for the patient. It has recently been shown that microstereotactic frames can enable an image-guided percutaneous approach, removing reliance on human experience and hand–eye coordination, and reducing trauma. However, constructing current microstereotactic frames disrupts the clinical workflow, requiring multiday intrasurgical manufacturing delays, or an on-call machine shop in or near the hospital. In this paper, we describe a new kind of microsterotactic frame that obviates these delay and infrastructure issues by being repositionable. Inspired by the prior success of bone-attached parallel robots in knee and spinal procedures, we present an automated image-guided microstereotactic frame. Experiments demonstrate a mean accuracy at the cochlea of 0.20 ± 0.07 mm in phantom testing with trajectories taken from a human clinical dataset. We also describe a cadaver experiment evaluating the entire image-guided surgery pipeline, where we achieved an accuracy of 0.38 mm at the cochlea. PMID:21788181

  13. Design of a bone-attached parallel robot for percutaneous cochlear implantation.

    PubMed

    Kratchman, Louis B; Blachon, Grégoire S; Withrow, Thomas J; Balachandran, Ramya; Labadie, Robert F; Webster, Robert J

    2011-10-01

    Access to the cochlea requires drilling in close proximity to bone-embedded nerves, blood vessels, and other structures, the violation of which can result in complications for the patient. It has recently been shown that microstereotactic frames can enable an image-guided percutaneous approach, removing reliance on human experience and hand-eye coordination, and reducing trauma. However, constructing current microstereotactic frames disrupts the clinical workflow, requiring multiday intrasurgical manufacturing delays, or an on-call machine shop in or near the hospital. In this paper, we describe a new kind of microsterotactic frame that obviates these delay and infrastructure issues by being repositionable. Inspired by the prior success of bone-attached parallel robots in knee and spinal procedures, we present an automated image-guided microstereotactic frame. Experiments demonstrate a mean accuracy at the cochlea of 0.20 ± 0.07 mm in phantom testing with trajectories taken from a human clinical dataset. We also describe a cadaver experiment evaluating the entire image-guided surgery pipeline, where we achieved an accuracy of 0.38 mm at the cochlea. PMID:21788181

  14. Presidential Primaries

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Washington Weekly (an Internet newspaper) offers a 1996 Presidential Primaries Page that is organized by candidate within each party. For most candidates there is biographical information, voting record, list of accomplishments or stands on key issues, and a connection to the candidate's home page when available. This is a non-graphical but well organized page that provides the user with quick access to voting records, speeches and press releases, and Web pages of the candidates.

  15. Efficacy of percutaneous treatment of biliary tract calculi using the holmium:YAG laser

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. W. Hazey; M. McCreary; G. Guy; W. S. Melvin

    2007-01-01

    Background  Few Western studies have focused on percutaneous techniques using percutaneous transhepatic choledochoscopy (PTHC) and holmium:yttrium–aluminum–garnet\\u000a (YAG) laser to ablate biliary calculi in patients unable or unwilling to undergo endoscopic or surgical removal of the calculi.\\u000a The authors report the efficacy of the holmium:YAG laser in clearing complex biliary calculi using percutaneous access techniques.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  This study retrospectively reviewed 13 non-Asian patients

  16. How to choose needles and probes for ultrasonographically guided percutaneous breast biopsy: a systematic approach.

    PubMed

    Uematsu, Takayoshi

    2012-07-01

    This article describes a systematic approach to choosing needles and probes for ultrasonographically guided (US-guided) percutaneous breast biopsy under various circumstances. The accuracy of US-guided percutaneous breast biopsy depends upon both the method chosen and lesion characteristics. Target accuracy and proper procedures are essential for predicting the yield regardless of the method chosen. Considering accuracy and cost, vacuum-assisted biopsy (VAB) should be offered only to appropriately selected patients. In particular, VAB should be the first choice for US-guided percutaneous breast biopsy of non-mass-like lesions. PMID:22322427

  17. Transient ST-segment elevation and chest pain following percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty.

    PubMed

    Ruiz-García, Juan; Soriano, Javier

    2013-05-01

    Transient ST-segment elevation occurring in the context of percutaneous cardiac interventions has not been fully characterized. We present a case of an inferior ST-segment elevation associated with angina and hypotension following percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty. Coronary angiography during ST elevation found no abnormalities and no myocardial necrosis was documented. Thus, as the Inoue balloon had been reinflated and overinflated, we suggest that mechanical myocardial compression might be responsible for the transmural transient ischemia observed in some cardiac percutaneous procedures involving balloons or closure devices. PMID:23680483

  18. A novel 3D guidance system using augmented reality for percutaneous vertebroplasty: technical note.

    PubMed

    Abe, Yuichiro; Sato, Shigenobu; Kato, Koji; Hyakumachi, Takahiko; Yanagibashi, Yasushi; Ito, Manabu; Abumi, Kuniyoshi

    2013-10-01

    Augmented reality (AR) is an imaging technology by which virtual objects are overlaid onto images of real objects captured in real time by a tracking camera. This study aimed to introduce a novel AR guidance system called virtual protractor with augmented reality (VIPAR) to visualize a needle trajectory in 3D space during percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP). The AR system used for this study comprised a head-mount display (HMD) with a tracking camera and a marker sheet. An augmented scene was created by overlaying the preoperatively generated needle trajectory path onto a marker detected on the patient using AR software, thereby providing the surgeon with augmented views in real time through the HMD. The accuracy of the system was evaluated by using a computer-generated simulation model in a spine phantom and also evaluated clinically in 5 patients. In the 40 spine phantom trials, the error of the insertion angle (EIA), defined as the difference between the attempted angle and the insertion angle, was evaluated using 3D CT scanning. Computed tomography analysis of the 40 spine phantom trials showed that the EIA in the axial plane significantly improved when VIPAR was used compared with when it was not used (0.96° ± 0.61° vs 4.34° ± 2.36°, respectively). The same held true for EIA in the sagittal plane (0.61° ± 0.70° vs 2.55° ± 1.93°, respectively). In the clinical evaluation of the AR system, 5 patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures underwent VIPAR-guided PVP from October 2011 to May 2012. The postoperative EIA was evaluated using CT. The clinical results of the 5 patients showed that the EIA in all 10 needle insertions was 2.09° ± 1.3° in the axial plane and 1.98° ± 1.8° in the sagittal plane. There was no pedicle breach or leakage of polymethylmethacrylate. VIPAR was successfully used to assist in needle insertion during PVP by providing the surgeon with an ideal insertion point and needle trajectory through the HMD. The findings indicate that AR guidance technology can become a useful assistive device during spine surgeries requiring percutaneous procedures. PMID:23952323

  19. Assessment of percutaneous renal access skills during Urology Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCE)

    PubMed Central

    Noureldin, Yasser A.; Elkoushy, Mohamed A.; Andonian, Sero

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: The first objective was to assess percutaneous renal access (PCA) skills of urology postgraduate trainees (PGTs) during the Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs). The second objective was to determine whether previous experience with percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) improved performance. Methods: After obtaining ethics approval, we recruited PGTs from two urology programs in Quebec between postgraduate years (PGY-3 to PGY-5). Each trainee was asked to answer a short questionnaire regarding previous experience in endourologic procedures. After a 3-minute orientation on the PERC Mentor simulator (Simbionix, Cleveland, OH), each trainee was asked to perform task 4, where they had to correctly access all of the renal calyces and pop the balloons in a normal left kidney model. We collected and analyzed data from the questionnaire and the performance report generated by the simulator. Results: In total, 13 PGTs participated in this study. PGTs had performed a median of 200 (range: 50–1000) cystoscopies, 50 (range: 10–125) TURBTs, 30 (range: 0–100) TURPs, 5 (range: 0–50) laser prostatectomies, and 50 (range: 2–125) ureteroscopies prior to this OSCE. PGTs with previous PCNL experience (8/13) had performed a mean of 18.6 ± 6.3 PCNLs. PGTs with previous PCNL experience performed significantly better in terms of shorter fluoroscopy time (10 ± 1.5 vs. 5.1 ± 0.7 min; p = 0.04), fewer attempts required for successful puncture of the pelvi-calyceal system (PCS) (21 ± 2.3 vs. 13 ± 1.8; p = 0.02), and had significantly lower complications in terms of fewer infundibular injury (7.4 ± 1.5 vs. 2 ± 0.4; p = 0.004) and fewer PCS perforations (11 ± 1.7 vs. 4.5 ± 1.2; p = 0.01). Conclusion: It is feasible to use the PERC Mentor simulator during OSCEs to assess PCA skills of urology PGTs. PGTs who had previous PCNL experience performed significantly better with fewer complications. PMID:25844094

  20. The age, creatinine, and ejection fraction score to risk stratify patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention of coronary chronic total occlusion.

    PubMed

    Di Serafino, Luigi; Borgia, Francesco; Maeremans, Joren; Pyxaras, Stylianos A; De Bruyne, Bernard; Wijns, William; Heyndrickx, Guy; Dens, Jo; Di Mario, Carlo; Barbato, Emanuele

    2014-10-15

    Age, creatinine, and ejection fraction (ACEF) score predict clinical outcomes in patients who underwent elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of nonocclusive coronary stenoses. We aimed at assessing the prognostic value of the ACEF score in patients who underwent successful PCI of chronic total occlusion (CTO). ACEF score was calculated in 587 patients treated with PCI of CTO: successful in 433 (74%; success group) and failed in 154 patients (26%; failure group). Patients were divided in ACEF tertiles: first <0.950, second from 0.950 to 1.207, and third ACEF tertile >1.207. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE = overall death + nonfatal myocardial infarction + clinically driven target vessel revascularization) were assessed in 558 patients (95%) up to 24 months (8 to 24 months). In success group, higher MACE rate was significantly associated with increasing ACEF tertile (first = 7%, second = 13%, third ACEF = 18%, p = 0.02). MACE-free survival was significantly decreased with increasing ACEF tertile (log-rank 5.58, p = 0.018). In the failure group, lower MACE rate was significantly associated with increasing ACEF tertile (p = 0.041). This was mainly driven by significant decreasing rate of target vessel revascularization along the tertiles (first = 34%, second = 19%, third ACEF = 10%, p = 0.007). Compared with success group, in failure group, MACE rate was significantly higher in the first tertile (p <0.001) and similar in the third tertile (p = 0.59). In conclusion, ACEF score represents a simple tool in the prognostication of patients successfully treated with PCI of CTO and identifies those patients who would not derive any significant clinical harm despite failed percutaneous revascularization of the CTO. PMID:25152423