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1

First-Generation Undergraduate Students' Social Support, Depression, and Life Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

First-generation undergraduate students face challenging cross-socioeconomic cultural transitions into college life. The authors compared first- and non-first-generation undergraduate students' social support, posttraumatic stress, depression symptoms, and life satisfaction. First-generation participants reported less social support from…

Jenkins, Sharon Rae; Belanger, Aimee; Connally, Melissa Londono; Boals, Adriel; Duron, Kelly M.

2013-01-01

2

Supporting the whole student: Inclusive program design for making undergraduate research experiences accessible  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As undergraduate research experiences have become an unofficial pre-requisite to enter graduate school programs in the sciences, we have to make sure that these experiences are inclusive and accessible to all students. Program managers who make a conscious effort to recruit students from traditionally under-represented groups, including veterans, non-traditional students or students with disabilities, are often unaware of the financial and program implications these students require, and discover that their current program design might inadvertently exclude or not fully support these students. The SOARS Program, an undergraduate-to-graduate bridge program in the atmospheric sciences, has supported this group of students for over 15 years. We have found that we needed to adjust some program elements and secure extra funding sources to holistically support our students in their research experience, however, the program and the students have reaped tremendous benefits. Involving non-traditional students or veterans in our program has raised the maturity level and problem solving skills of the group, and having students with disabilities participate has been a vehicle for broadening perspective and diverse knowledge into the field of study, e.g. researching weather and climate beyond what you can 'see'. This presentation will highlight some of the findings from the SOARS program experience, and will share practices for recruitment and holistic support to ensure student success. We will share resources and tips on inclusive program design, including working with students with family commitments or physical disabilities, and will report on the enormous program benefits and peer learning these students have brought to the student cohorts and research labs they are working in.

Haacker-Santos, R.; Allen, L.; Batchelor, R. L.

2013-12-01

3

Male students give voice to supportive campus environments: A qualitative case study of undergraduate STEM majors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research supports the importance of student engagement in enhancing student learning, success, and various desirable educational outcomes. In the last decade, the National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE) has been the primary instrument through which student engagement has been explored. Supportive Campus Environment, one of the five benchmarks of effective educational practice measured by NSSE, served as the foundation for this study. The challenge of successfully educating students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines has been clearly documented. Recently, urgent calls have been issued to confront the shortage of students in the STEM pipeline, to minimize barriers to the achievement in STEM disciplines, and to increase the representation of racial minorities and women in STEM careers. This study employed a holistic collective case study design to examine how undergraduate men in STEM majors at a private, selective, research institution perceived the supportiveness of their campus environments. Differential perceptions of the campus environment on the basis of race (Black, Indian1, Latino, and White) and academic success were explored. Cross-case analysis revealed several common themes across all cases. Peer relationships, followed by faculty relationships, were most influential in shaping perceptions of campus environment. Race, academic success, and characteristics unique to STEM were less influential to perceptions of the campus environment. Participants distinguished feelings of a supportive campus environment from their overall perceptions of their campus environment. Further, participants routinely isolated some of their identities, experiences, and perceptions from influencing their overall perception of the campus environment. A connection between the concept of supportive campus environment and sense of belonging emerged. Participants' discussion of the NSSE Supportive Campus Environment questions provided valuable insight into student perceptions and the NSSE instrument. Implications include recommendations for future research, considerations for NSSE administrators, researchers, and institutional users, policy and practice implications, suggestions for faculty, and considerations for those invested in STEM education. 1Indian refers to students who are citizens or Permanent Residents of the United States, who trace their racial/ethnic origin to India. International students from India were not included in this study, nor were Native American or American Indian students.

Amon, Julie L.

4

Web-based Learning and Computer Supported Collaborative Learning for psychomotor skill acquisition: perspectives of medical undergraduate students.  

PubMed

There is a lack of evidence for the use of Web-based Learning (WBL) and Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) for acquiring psychomotor skills in medical education. In this study, we surveyed medical undergraduate students attending a simulation based training session for central line insertion on their perspectives and utilization of WBL and CSCL for acquisition of a complex psychomotor skill. PMID:23400160

Koh, Jansen; Cheung, Jeffrey J H; Mackinnon, Kim; Brett, Clare; Kapralos, Bill; Dubrowski, Adam

2013-01-01

5

Multimedia University's experience in fostering and supporting undergraduate student technopreneurship programs in a triple helix model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the first three dimensions of the triple helix model. The focus of this paper is to study and develop a model for the role and functions performed by a university to nurture undergraduate student technopreneur development. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study provides a comprehensive understanding of the process of the technopreneurship

Teh Pei-Lee; Yong Chen-Chen

2008-01-01

6

Male students give voice to supportive campus environments: A qualitative case study of undergraduate STEM majors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research supports the importance of student engagement in enhancing student learning, success, and various desirable educational outcomes. In the last decade, the National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE) has been the primary instrument through which student engagement has been explored. Supportive Campus Environment, one of the five benchmarks of effective educational practice measured by NSSE, served as the foundation for

Julie L. Amon

2010-01-01

7

From Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience: Encouraging Innovation in Undergraduate Neuroscience Education by Supporting Student Research and Faculty Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features the organization Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience. FUN was established by a group of neuroscientists dedicated to innovation and excellence in undergraduate neuroscience education and research. In the years since its inception, FUN has grown into a dynamic organization making a significant impact on the quality of…

Hardwick, Jean C.; Kerchner, Michael; Lom, Barbara; Ramirez, Julio J.; Wiertelak, Eric P.

2006-01-01

8

Twelve tips for providing effective student support in undergraduate medical education.  

PubMed

Medical students often require high levels of specialised institutional and personal support to facilitate success. Contributory factors may include personality type, course pressures and financial hardship. Drawing from research literature and the authors' experience, 12 tips are listed under five subheadings: policy and systems; people and resources; students; delivering support; limits of support. The 12 tips provide guidance to organisations and individual providers that encourages implementation of good practice and helps them better visualise their role within the system. By following the tips, medical schools can make more effective provisions for the expected, diverse and sometimes specialist needs of their students. Schools must take a proactive, anticipatory approach to provide appropriately for their entire student body. This ensures that students receive the best quality support, are more likely to succeed and are adequately prepared for their medical careers. PMID:24787521

Vogan, Claire L; McKimm, Judy; Da Silva, Ana L; Grant, Andrew

2014-06-01

9

How do United Kingdom (UK) medical schools identify and support undergraduate medical students who 'fail' communication assessments? A national survey  

PubMed Central

Background The doctor’s ability to communicate effectively (with patients, relatives, advocates and healthcare colleagues) relates directly to health outcomes, and so is core to clinical practice. The remediation of medical students’ clinical communication ability is rarely addressed in medical education literature. There is nothing in the current literature reporting a contemporary national picture of how communication difficulties are managed, and the level of consequence (progression implications) for students of performing poorly. This survey aimed to consolidate practices for identifying and processes for managing students who ‘fail’ communication assessments across all UK medical schools. Methods Data were collected via an email survey to all leads for clinical communication in all UK Medical Schools for the UK Council for Clinical Communication in Undergraduate Medical Education. Results All but two participating Schools reported some means of support and/or remediation in communication. There was diversity of approach, and variance in the level of systemisation adopted. Variables such as individuality of curricula, resourcing issues, student cohort size and methodological preferences were implicated as explaining diversity. Support is relatively ad hoc, and often in the hands of a particular dedicated individual or team with an interest in communication delivery with few Schools reporting robust, centralised, school level processes. Conclusions This survey has demonstrated that few Medical Schools have no identifiable system of managing their students’ clinical communication difficulties. However, some Schools reported ad hoc approaches and only a small number had a centralised programme. There is scope for discussion and benchmarking of best practice across all Schools with allocation of appropriate resources to support this.

2013-01-01

10

Increasing undergraduate student retention rates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on data from a questionnaire survey of the new undergraduate intake to the University of Birmingham, the factors which influence withdrawal\\/retention rates in the first term were examined. The effectiveness of counselling intervention with first-year undergraduate students at risk of leaving university in their first term is also explored. The implications for universities wishing to increase retention rates and

Barbara Rickinson; Desmond Rutherford

1995-01-01

11

Astrology Beliefs among Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of the science knowledge and attitudes toward science of nearly 10000 undergraduates at a large public university over a 20-year period included several questions addressing student beliefs in astrology and other forms of pseudoscience. The results from our data reveal that a large majority of students (78%) considered astrology "very" or…

Sugarman, Hannah; Impey, Chris; Buxner, Sanlyn; Antonellis, Jessie

2011-01-01

12

Supporting Undergraduate Computer Architecture Students Using a Visual MIPS64 CPU Simulator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The topics of computer architecture are always taught using an Assembly dialect as an example. The most commonly used textbooks in this field use the MIPS64 Instruction Set Architecture (ISA) to help students in learning the fundamentals of computer architecture because of its orthogonality and its suitability for real-world applications. This…

Patti, D.; Spadaccini, A.; Palesi, M.; Fazzino, F.; Catania, V.

2012-01-01

13

Information Structures and Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores how undergraduates seek information across various information structures. Taking part in an interview, fifteen students of diverse backgrounds described their information seeking. The findings pointed to several issues relating to the underlying structures of information resources. Suggestions are made for structural…

Lee, Hur-Li

2008-01-01

14

Matlab-supported undergraduate image processing instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

More and more often, undergraduate students express the desire to take a course on image processing. These students will learn the most if the theory and algorithms covered in class can be not only illustrated through examples shown by the instructor during class but also coded, tested, and evaluated by the class participants. In the past, the major hurdle to developing a hands-on approach to image processing instruction has been the amount of programming required to implement relatively simple applications. Typical undergraduate students lack experience with low level programming languages and time is spent teaching the language itself rather than experimenting with the algorithms. High level and interpreted programming languages such as Matlab permit to address this question. Even with very little practical exposure to the language, students can rapidly develop the level of skills required to implement a range of image processing algorithms. This presentation will go over the material covered in a senior level introductory course in image processing taught at Vanderbilt University. The course itself is taught in a traditional way but it is supported by laboratories during which students are asked to implement algorithms ranging from connected component labeling to image deblurring. The students are also assigned projects that span several weeks. Examples of such assignments and projects are presented.

Dawant, Benoit M.

1998-06-01

15

An Undergraduate Research Opportunity: Collaboration between Undergraduate and Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A research experience was made available to an undergraduate Food Science and Human Nutrition (FSHN) student through collaboration with a Masters-level Nutrition graduate student. Both students were under the supervision of a graduate FSHN faculty member. Positive, self-identified aspects for the students included learning how to work…

Dooley, D. A.; Mahon, R. M.; Oshiro, E. A.

2004-01-01

16

An Exploratory Study of Undergraduate Students' Referral Preferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We surveyed undergraduate college students from the psychology subject pool (N = 73) about where they would refer a depressed friend for help. Students from this sample were most likely to refer friends to the counseling center followed by social support options. Students were comparatively least likely to refer to other professionals, indicating…

Badura Brack, Amy; Runco, Daniel V.; Cadwallader, Leesa Anne; Kelley, Michael

2012-01-01

17

Study Behaviors of Undergraduate and Graduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to investigate study behaviors of undergraduate and graduate college students at Fort Hays State University, Kansas, Undergraduate (N=93) and graduate (N=46) students completed the Study Behavior Inventory, Form D (SBI-D) and a demographic questionnaire that examined age, gender, academic major, college classification,…

Howard, Jana R.

18

Strategies for Supporting and Sustaining Undergraduate Research Programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A key challenge in developing a viable undergraduate research program is securing adequate support for the effort, both in terms of reliable financial support, and (perhaps most importantly) in terms of providing adequate student/faculty contact time. Financial support for undergraduate research is available via the NSF Research Experiences for Undergraduates Program, which provides funds for student research efforts both on relatively small scales (i.e., 1-2 students/yr via REU Supplement funds) and on much larger scales (REU Site research projects involving 10 or more students/yr). Depending on the NSF program, funds for intermediate scale undergraduate research efforts (i.e., 3-5 students/yr) may be available as Participant Support via the normal proposal submission process. For faculty at predominantly undergraduate institutions, research support obtained via the NSF RUI program and other funding outlets (i.e., ACS-PRF) presumes substantial undergraduate participation in research projects. Securing sufficient faculty contact time for undergraduate researchers is critical to their success and professional development, as well as to the ultimate success of the research. However, the additional time required to train undergraduates in research protocols, along with the challenge of working adequate research time into their generally busier class (and often work) schedules can render such efforts unproductive for research faculty. Strategies I have found helpful in getting the necessary time-on-task and contact time with student researchers include: 1) mentoring 3-4 undergraduates in group research projects, which facilitates technical training and ensures sufficient 'hands' to complete the work; 2) building technical training into traditional courses through open-ended investigative laboratory activities, such that students can begin to develop research skills, as well as the necessary investigative mindset; 3) when possible, providing stipend support for student research efforts, reducing their need for other financial support while in school; 4) committing to a professional outcome and schedule (i.e., presenting results at a specific professional meeting), as a means both to focus student efforts and help them organize their time.

Ryan, J. G.

2004-12-01

19

Undergraduate Students as Climate Communicators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), San Antonio College (SAC), and the University of North Dakota (UND) are partnering with NASA to provide underrepresented undergraduates from UTSA, SAC, and other community colleges climate-related research and education experiences. The program aims to develop a robust response to climate change by providing K-16 climate change education; enhance the effectiveness of K-16 education particularly in engineering and other STEM disciplines by use of new instructional technologies; increase the enrollment in engineering programs and the number of engineering degrees awarded by showing engineering's usefulness in relation to the much-discussed contemporary issue of climate change; increase persistence in STEM degrees by providing student research opportunities; and increase the ethnic diversity of those receiving engineering degrees and help ensure an ethnically diverse response to climate change. Students will have the opportunity to participate in guided research experiences aligned with NASA Science Plan objectives for climate and Earth system science and the educational objectives of the three institutions. An integral part of the learning process will include training in modern media technology (webcasts), and in using this technology to communicate the information on climate change to others, especially high school students, culminating in production of a webcast about investigating aspects of climate change using NASA data. Content developed is leveraged by NASA Earth observation data and NASA Earth system models and tools. Several departments are involved in the educational program.

Sharif, H. O.; Joseph, J.; Mullendore, G. L.

2012-12-01

20

Students' Understanding of Theory in Undergraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates undergraduate students' application of theory in their analysis of problems presented in authentic leadership cases. Taking a phenomenographic research approach, the paper identifies two levels at which students understand "theory": Level 1-Theory as knowledge acquired from books; Level 2-Theory as support

Liff, Roy; Rovio-Johansson, Airi

2014-01-01

21

Advanced Robotics Projects for Undergraduate Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The benefits to using robots in the artificial intelligence and robotics classrooms are now fairly well established. However, most projects demonstrated so far are fairly simple. In this paper we explore advanced robotics projects that have been (or could be) successfully im- plemented by undergraduate students in a one-semester or two-semester course. We explore what makes a good undergraduate advanced

Douglas Blank; Deepak Kumar; James Marshall; Lisa Meeden

22

Matlab-supported undergraduate image processing instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

More and more often, undergraduate students express the desire to take a course on image processing. These students will learn the most if the theory and algorithms covered in class can be not only illustrated through examples shown by the instructor during class but also coded, tested, and evaluated by the class participants. In the past, the major hurdle to

Benoit M. Dawant

1998-01-01

23

Undergraduate Research Experiences Support Science Career Decisions and Active Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the reliability of student evaluations of summer undergraduate research experiences using the SURE (Survey of Undergraduate Research Experiences) and a follow-up survey disseminated 9 mo later. The survey further examines the hypothesis that undergraduate research enhances the educational experience of science undergraduates, attracts and retains talented students to careers in science, and acts as a pathway

David Lopatto

2007-01-01

24

Student Perceptions of Undergraduate Teaching Assistants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As class sizes increase due to stagnating budgets, and as colleges and universities around the nation increase enrollment, more faculty (especially those without graduate students) are turning to undergraduate teaching assistants (UTA) to meet the increasing demands on academia. We surveyed 142 students enrolled in courses that utilized UTAs to…

Filz, Tonya; Gurung, Regan A. R.

2013-01-01

25

Assessment of Undergraduate Students' Music Compositions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to investigate and identify the criteria and parameters for assessing compositions, and how assessment can help students' learning. Participants in the study include three composer-assessors and six undergraduate music students. An assessment framework for music composition based on both the macro and micro philosophies of…

Leung, Chi Cheung; Wan, Yu Ying; Lee, Anthony

2009-01-01

26

Perceptions of Stress in Undergraduate College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Administered College Student Stress Inventory to 347 undergraduates to determine students' perceptions of stress. Perceived stressors most often reported were pressure over academic grades, not enough time to accomplish personal needs, concern over the future, financial problems, concern over meaning and purpose of life, concern over physical…

Gray, Glenn P.; Rottmann, Leon H.

1988-01-01

27

Undergraduate Student Intentions for Postgraduate Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known of how and when undergraduate students decide to progress to postgraduate studies. This study examined the effect of a single semester on intentions to undertake postgraduate study. The study was conducted twice in two years using approximately 120 students enrolled in a third year "Behaviour in Organisations" unit at a…

Jepsen, Denise Mary; Neumann, Ruth

2010-01-01

28

Introducing Undergraduate Students to School Leadership Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to investigate the role of an under-graduate educational leadership in introducing students to the complexity of school leadership practice. Design/methodology/approach: Theoretically informed by Bourdieuian social theory and drawing on a questionnaire with a cohort of students, the paper evaluates a course in relation to…

Eacott, Scott

2012-01-01

29

Undergraduate medical research: the student perspective  

PubMed Central

Background Research training is essential in a modern undergraduate medical curriculum. Our evaluation aimed to (a) gauge students' awareness of research activities, (b) compare students' perceptions of their transferable and research-specific skills competencies, (c) determine students' motivation for research and (d) obtain students' personal views on doing research. Methods Undergraduate medical students (N=317) completed a research skills questionnaire developed by the Centre for Excellence in Teaching and Learning in Applied Undergraduate Research Skills (CETL-AURS) at Reading University. The questionnaire assessed students' transferable skills, research-specific skills (e.g., study design, data collection and data analysis), research experience and attitude and motivation towards doing research. Results The majority of students are motivated to pursue research. Graduate entrants and male students appear to be the most confident regarding their research skills competencies. Although all students recognise the role of research in medical practice, many are unaware of the medical research activities or successes within their university. Of those who report no interest in a career incorporating research, a common perception was that researchers are isolated from patients and clinical practice. Discussion Students have a narrow definition of research and what it entails. An explanation for why research competence does not align more closely with research motivation is derived from students' lack of understanding of the concept of translational research, as well as a lack of awareness of the research activity being undertaken by their teachers and mentors. We plan to address this with specific research awareness initiatives.

Burgoyne, Louise N.; O'Flynn, Siun; Boylan, Geraldine B.

2010-01-01

30

‘Show us you know us’: Using the Senses Framework to support the professional development of undergraduate nursing students  

Microsoft Academic Search

As students, fledgling nurses need to feel they belong to a community of academics, peers and mentors who value their contribution to learning and knowledge. Creating a sense of community allows students to experience academic and practice integration at the beginning of their professional journey, recognising that positive learning experiences at an early stage of professional maturation can shape lifelong

Nicola Andrew; Yvonne Robb; Dorothy Ferguson; Jayne Brown

2011-01-01

31

A Comparison of the Educational Supports Needed and Provided for Undergraduate and Graduate Students with Learning Disabilities in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Disability laws such as the American with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 mandate equal access to academic programs, activities, and services for students with disabilities. Therefore, disability laws require that institutions of higher education offer students with learning disabilities (LD)…

Montoya, Aile

2009-01-01

32

Undergraduate nursing student experiences with faculty bullies.  

PubMed

Incivility literature has focused primarily on student-to-faculty incivility, whereas less focus has been placed on faculty-to-student bullying. This study examined the lived experiences of undergraduate nursing students with faculty bullying. Using descriptive phenomenology, this study explored these lived experiences. Themes emerged including the emotional experience of bullying, the giving and gaining of mutual respect, the value of resilience and persistence, and that perception is reality. PMID:24743180

Mott, Jason

2014-01-01

33

Obtaining Funding and Support for Undergraduate Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade there has been a dramatic increase in undergraduate research activities at colleges and universities nationwide. However, this comes at a time when budgets are being tightened and some institutions do not have the resources to pursue new initiatives. In this article we present some ideas for obtaining funding and support for…

Dorff, Michael; Narayan, Darren A.

2013-01-01

34

Discovering the Determinants of Chemistry Course Perceptions in Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary goals of this project were to develop a reliable instrument to measure the chemistry course perceptions (CCP) of undergraduate chemistry students and to determine the predictors of CCP of undergraduate students as they enter their first college chemistry class. In a pilot study, 250 undergraduate students were solicited with 57…

Reardon, Robert F.; Traverse, Maria A.; Feakes, Debra A.; Gibbs, Karen A.; Rohde, Rodney E.

2010-01-01

35

The Research Processes of Undergraduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourteen undergraduate students who had successfully completed research projects were surveyed on their research processes, including focusing their topic, finding and using evidence, and writing. Their responses revealed significant differences between the way they actually do research and standard search strategies, and the implications of these…

Fister, Barbara

1992-01-01

36

Non-Scientific Beliefs among Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of over 11 000 undergraduate students' knowledge and attitudes related to science and technology over a 22-year period included statements that probed faith-based beliefs and various aspects of pseudoscience belief and superstition. The results reveal that nonscientific ways of thinking are resistant to formal instruction, changing…

Impey, Chris; Buxner, Sanlyn; Antonellis, Jessie

2012-01-01

37

Overhanging amalgam restorations by undergraduate students.  

PubMed

Objective: To determine the frequency of overhanging margins in amalgam restorations done by undergraduate students at Fatima Jinnah Dental College Hospital, Karachi. Study Design: Observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Operative Dentistry, Fatima Jinnah Dental Hospital, Karachi, from January to June 2009. Methodology: Patients aged 20 - 45 years attending the Department of Operative Dentistry requiring class-II restorations were included in the study. Whereas, third molars, overlapped proximal surfaces, teeth adjacent to edentulous spaces and pregnant females were excluded. One hundred and fifty patients were selected randomly aged between 20 - 45 years requiring class-II restorations. Posterior Bitewing radiographs were taken and 1600 surfaces were examined. Restorations were done by undergraduate students at Fatima Jinnah Dental College Hospital, Karachi. Chi-square test was utilized to analyze the relationship between location and surface of overhang. Results: Overhanging amalgam restorations were common in the restorations done by undergraduate students (58%). The occurrence of overhangs was more frequent on the distal surfaces (56%) Although the association of amalgam overhangs with the surfaces of the teeth was significant (p < 0.0001), overhangs were not significantly associated with the location of the teeth (p < 0.063). Conclusion: Overhanging restorations were present in approximately 58% of all proximal amalgam restorations done by undergraduate students. PMID:25052971

Quadir, Fauzia; Ali Abidi, S Yawar; Ahmed, Shahbaz

2014-07-01

38

Survey of Desirable Skills for Undergraduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 16-item questionnaire was sent to 142 selected college and university libraries in February 1987 to determine which library skills academic librarians consider desirable for undergraduate students. Questionnaires were returned by 89 respondents (62.7%). The number of respondents for each question and the titles of the resources cited in their…

Altan, Susan

39

Basic life support training for health care students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a novel method for delivering basic life support training to undergraduate healthcare students. A comprehensive 8 h programme is organised and delivered by undergraduate students to their peers. These students have undergone training as basic life support instructors validated by the Royal Life Saving Society UK. The course is delivered to multiprofessional groups of medical, dental, physiotherapy,

Gavin D Perkins; Jonathan Hulme; Hannah R Shore; Julian F Bion

1999-01-01

40

Students View the Undergraduate Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with graduating majors revealed that while conceptual teaching was largely rejected, students did express a need for more behavioral material. It is suggested that a greater emphasis be placed on practical application through simulation and other classroom devices. (Editor)

Brennen, E. Clifford; Arkava, Morton L.

1974-01-01

41

Perspectives on patient safety among undergraduate nursing students.  

PubMed

Incorporating patient safety principles in academic and clinical education for health science professionals is necessary to support widespread adoption of safety practices. It is vital to understand nursing students' perspectives on patient safety and the extent to which patient safety is addressed in the classroom and clinical settings. In this cross-sectional study, students in all 4 years of an undergraduate program were asked to complete the Health Professional Education in Patient Safety Survey. Eighty-one percent (238 of 293) of students completed the questionnaire. Responses were favorable, with students reporting confidence in learning about a variety of patient safety competencies. Of note, there were decreasing levels of confidence in the third-year and fourth-year students and low-to-moderate correlation between classroom and clinical responses. These results support the importance of consistently engaging students in safety principles early in and throughout their health care programs. PMID:22766076

Duhn, Lenora; Karp, Stacey; Oni, Oluwabusola; Edge, Dana; Ginsburg, Liane; VanDenKerkhof, Elizabeth

2012-09-01

42

Towards Remediating Undergraduate Students' Statisticophobia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this conceptual paper, based on teaching and TA experience, seven suggestions are made for improving the statistics experience of students in social science courses. These include hiring non-mathematicians to teach the course; emphasize conceptual statistics rather than computational approaches; recognize that many, or ever most, social science…

Firmin, Michael; Proemmel, Elizabeth

2008-01-01

43

Burnout in Premedical Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There has been growing recognition that medical students, interns, residents and practicing physicians across many specialties are prone to burnout, with recent studies linking high rates of burnout to adverse mental health issues. Little is known about the trajectory and origins of burnout or whether its roots may be traced to earlier…

Young, Christina; Fang, Daniel; Golshan, Shah; Moutier, Christine; Zisook, Sidney

2012-01-01

44

Are implant supported overdentures too complex to be included in the undergraduate curriculum?  

PubMed

To widen the availability of implant supported mandibular overdentures, their inclusion in the undergraduate clinical training curriculum has been encouraged. The aim was to determine whether implant supported mandibular overdentures provided by undergraduates could achieve similar levels of improvement in patient satisfaction and quality of life as previously demonstrated by experienced prosthodontists. Nineteen patients were treated by Stage 3 undergraduate students at Newcastle University, School of Dental Sciences. Changes between pre-treatment and 3 month post-treatment satisfaction and oral health related quality of life suggest dental undergraduates achieve similar levels of improvement as experienced prosthodontists. PMID:23495559

Calvert, G; Thomason, J M; Ellis, J S

2012-12-01

45

Attitudes toward research among undergraduate nursing students.  

PubMed

Attitudinal changes about research among undergraduate nursing students during their two years in a baccalaureate nursing program showed no significant improvements except for significant improvements in confidence about understanding research terminology methods and evaluating the adequacy of research studies. These improvements were apparent after the course and in the second year when the students were queried again. The overall research attitude score was essentially the same in the senior year as it had been on the pre-test when the students began the program. Although 52.9% of the students indicated they wanted to go on for a master's degree, 6.2% said they definitely wanted to take additional research courses. In the senior year, 31.9% of the students indicated they definitely wanted to go on to graduate school, while 60.4% said they were uncertain; 7.7% indicated they definitely did not want to return to graduate school. PMID:6094765

Swenson, I; Kleinbaum, A

1984-11-01

46

Mentoring Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Students via a Team Effort  

PubMed Central

We describe how a team approach that we developed as a mentoring strategy can be used to recruit, advance, and guide students to be more interested in the interdisciplinary field of mathematical biology, and lead to success in undergraduate research in this field. Students are introduced to research in their first semester via lab rotations. Their participation in the research of four faculty members—two from biology and two from mathematics—gives them a first-hand overview of research in quantitative biology and also some initial experience in research itself. However, one of the primary goals of the lab rotation experience is that of developing teams of students and faculty that combine mathematics and statistics with biology and the life sciences, teams that subsequently mentor undergraduate research in genuine interdisciplinary environments. Thus, the team concept serves not only as a means of establishing interdisciplinary research, but also as a means of incorporating new students into existing research efforts that will then track those students into meaningful research of their own. We report how the team concept is used to support undergraduate research in mathematical biology and what types of team-building strategies have worked for us.

Karsai, Istvan; Knisley, Jeff; Knisley, Debra; Yampolsky, Lev; Godbole, Anant

2011-01-01

47

Factors Influencing Undergraduate Student-Teacher Interactions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A survey was conducted with undergraduate students, ranging from freshmen to seniors, who are currently enrolled at Philadelphia University to identify variables affecting classroom interactions. Data were examined using a commercially available statistical package (Minitab for Windows) and comparisons were made using unpaired t -tests. This paper will provide data to suggest that differences exist in students' motivation for asking and answering questions that are related to both the number of years they have been at university, as well as their elected science major.

Cundell, Diana; Jr., John D.

2009-05-01

48

Undergraduate Students' Self-Reported Use of Mathematics Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Textbooks play an important role in undergraduate mathematics courses and have the potential to impact student learning. However, there have been few studies that describe students' textbook use in detail. In this study, 1156 undergraduate students in introductory mathematics classes were surveyed, and asked to describe how they used their…

Weinberg, Aaron; Wiesner, Emilie; Benesh, Bret; Boester, Timothy

2012-01-01

49

Undergraduate Research Experiences Support Science Career Decisions and Active Learning  

PubMed Central

The present study examined the reliability of student evaluations of summer undergraduate research experiences using the SURE (Survey of Undergraduate Research Experiences) and a follow-up survey disseminated 9 mo later. The survey further examines the hypothesis that undergraduate research enhances the educational experience of science undergraduates, attracts and retains talented students to careers in science, and acts as a pathway for minority students into science careers. Undergraduates participated in an online survey on the benefits of undergraduate research experiences. Participants indicated gains on 20 potential benefits and reported on career plans. Most of the participants began or continued to plan for postgraduate education in the sciences. A small group of students who discontinued their plans for postgraduate science education reported significantly lower gains than continuing students. Women and men reported similar levels of benefits and similar patterns of career plans. Undergraduate researchers from underrepresented groups reported higher learning gains than comparison students. The results replicated previously reported data from this survey. The follow-up survey indicated that students reported gains in independence, intrinsic motivation to learn, and active participation in courses taken after the summer undergraduate research experience.

2007-01-01

50

International Students' Perception of Their Undergraduate Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing diversity in American society is reflected in a multicultural student population with which managers and educators in higher education interact. Student diversity presents a challenge within higher education, especially in the development of programs that support an environment that is conducive to learning for its students. This…

Afflick, Barbara E.

2009-01-01

51

Blue Waters Call for Undergraduate Student Applications for Internships  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The NCSA Blue Waters project, in collaboration with the National Computational Science Institute (NCSI) and national HPC programs, is launching a coordinated effort to prepare current and future generations of students with the computational thinking skills, knowledge and commitment to advance scientific computing through the use of high performance computing (HPC) resources and environments. Petascale computing is more complex than previous computing paradigms. New approaches for teaching and learning are required, and no single educational institution has the expertise and experience needed to fully exploit this extraordinary capability. Preparation for petascale computing requires solid grounding in Computational Science and Engineering (CSE), HPC and HPC-related curricula. As a community, we must address the engagement of a larger and more diverse workforce to broaden participation and to ensure that CSE education keeps pace with the evolution of science and technology. We will leverage faculty expertise to establish best practices, identify and fill gaps, and modernize the CSE curriculum across all science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields. The goal is to engage undergraduate students in petascale computing research and education projects. Students selected through an application process will be provided with a full-year internship that includes summer and academic year support totaling $5,000. The students will become members of a petascale research group. The students will work within a research or education team, and will be provided multiple opportunities to interact with all of the other students during their internships. The NSF Blue Water Project will be funding 17 undergraduate research internships this year. This program provides for a $5,000 stipend for the student over the course of the year, travel, accommodations, meals and participation in a two week intensive Petascale Institute at the National Centre for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) and also travel to the SC11 conference in Seattle in November. Students must be enrolled in an undergraduate institution. Students at all undergraduate institutions, as described above, are encouraged to apply. Under-represented students are strongly encouraged to apply.

52

The Transition from Undergraduate to Graduate Student  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Graduate school is a new and different endeavor when compared to undergraduate studies. The differences primarily lie in the fact that the graduate student will have an independent research project that he or she is responsible for. Beginning graduate school can be a challenge since there is a lot to learn about research, there are courses to take, and the social aspect of graduate school can be very different. Two major things that tend to make graduate school difficult for some is the often unstructured environment and the absence of direction on how you should allocate your time. There is really no formula for graduate school success, and the advice given in this chapter is from my own and other current graduate students' experiences, so choosing what you think will work for you is most important.

Ryan, Kelsey

53

Planning for Evaluation's Future: Undergraduate Students' Interest in Program Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate students are a potential pool of future evaluators, but little is known about their level of interest in pursuing a career in program evaluation (PE). This two-stage study collected survey data on 249 undergraduate students' knowledge, interest, and attitudes toward various descriptions of PE. Qualitative analysis indicated…

LaVelle, John M.

2011-01-01

54

Development of Attitudes towards Socioscientific Issues Scale for Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to develop and validate the Attitudes towards Socioscientific Issues Scale (ATSIS) for undergraduate students. In the first step, data were collected from 160 undergraduate students from the departments of science education and elementary education to provide validity of the scale. In light of the results of an exploratory factor…

Topcu, Mustafa Sami

2010-01-01

55

Cooperative Learning with Undergraduate Hispanic Students: Results and Professors' Interviews  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classes of undergraduate Hispanic students assigned to two professors were identified to determine the level of cooperative learning being implemented and to allow the professors to reflect on their experiences over a full semester. Pre-semester and post-semester surveys were completed by each of the undergraduate students. This study is based…

Morgan, Bobbette M.; Lefler, Bret; Keitz, Ruth A.

2008-01-01

56

Career Decision Self-Efficacy among Turkish Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the career decision-making self-efficacy in a sample of 356 Turkish undergraduate students. Method: With this purpose, 356 (138 females; 218 males) Turkish undergraduate students aged 17-24 completed a Turkish-translated version of Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (CDSE-SF) to…

Isik, Erkan

2010-01-01

57

Emotional Intelligence and Cognitive Moral Development in Undergraduate Business Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines relationships between emotional intelligence (EI) and cognitive moral development (CMD) in undergraduate business students. The ability model of emotional intelligence was used in this study, which evaluated possible relationships between EI and CMD in a sample of 82 undergraduate business students. The sample population was…

McBride, Elizabeth A.

2010-01-01

58

Literature Related to College Housing for Adult Undergraduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the literature on residential life and adult education as it applies to undergraduate housing for non-traditional (adult) students. The literature reviewed focuses on the demographics of the adult student population, adult students as learners, and the student affairs needs of adult students. Although the literature related to…

Ware, Thomas E., Jr.; Miller, Michael T.

59

How Can Mobile SMS Communication Support and Enhance a First Year Undergraduate Learning Environment?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we discuss a case study investigating how the academic and personal development of first year students on an undergraduate sports education degree can be supported and enhanced with mobile SMS (Short Message Service) communication. SMS-based technologies were introduced in response to students' particular needs (in transition to…

Jones, Geraldine; Edwards, Gabriele; Reid, Alan

2009-01-01

60

Teaching home care electronic documentation skills to undergraduate nursing students.  

PubMed

Although there is general consensus that nursing students need knowledge and significant skill to document clinical findings electronically, nursing faculty face many barriers in ensuring that undergraduate students can practice on electronic health record systems (EHRS). External funding supported the development of an educational innovation through a partnership between a home care agency staff and nursing faculty. Modules were developed to teach EHRS skills using a case study of a homebound person requiring wound care and the Medicare-required OASIS documentation system. This article describes the development and implementation of the module for an upper-level baccalaureate nursing program located in New York City. Nursing faculty are being challenged to develop creative and economical solutions to expose nursing students to EHRSs in nonclinical settings. PMID:22616410

Nokes, Kathleen M; Aponte, Judith; Nickitas, Donna M; Mahon, Pamela Y; Rodgers, Betsy; Reyes, Nancy; Chaya, Joan; Dornbaum, Martin

2012-01-01

61

Tensors: A guide for undergraduate students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A guide on tensors is proposed for undergraduate students in physics or engineering that ties directly to vector calculus in orthonormal coordinate systems. We show that once orthonormality is relaxed, a dual basis, together with the contravariant and covariant components, naturally emerges. Manipulating these components requires some skill that can be acquired more easily and quickly once a new notation is adopted. This notation distinguishes multi-component quantities in different coordinate systems by a differentiating sign on the index labelling the component rather than on the label of the quantity itself. This tiny stratagem, together with simple rules openly stated at the beginning of this guide, allows an almost automatic, easy-to-pursue procedure for what is otherwise a cumbersome algebra. By the end of the paper, the reader will be skillful enough to tackle many applications involving tensors of any rank in any coordinate system, without index-manipulation obstacles standing in the way.

Battaglia, Franco; George, Thomas F.

2013-07-01

62

Assessing Student Outcomes of Undergraduate Research with URSSA, the Undergraduate Student Self-Assessment Instrument  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

URSSA is the Undergraduate Research Student Self-Assessment, an online survey instrument for programs and departments to use in assessing the student outcomes of undergraduate research (UR). URSSA focuses on what students learn from their UR experience, rather than whether they liked it. The online questionnaire includes both multiple-choice and open-ended items that focus on students' gains from undergraduate research. These gains include skills, knowledge, deeper understanding of the intellectual and practical work of science, growth in confidence, changes in identity, and career preparation. Other items probe students' participation in important research-related activities that lead to these gains (e.g. giving presentations, having responsibility for a project). These activities, and the gains themselves, are based in research and thus constitute a core set of items. Using these items as a group helps to align a particular program assessment with research-demonstrated outcomes. Optional items may be used to probe particular features that are augment the research experience (e.g. field trips, career seminars, housing arrangements). The URSSA items are based on extensive, interview-based research and evaluation work on undergraduate research by our group and others. This grounding in research means that URSSA measures what we know to be important about the UR experience The items were tested with students, revised and re-tested. Data from a large pilot sample of over 500 students enabled statistical testing of the items' validity and reliability. Optional items about UR program elements were developed in consultation with UR program developers and leaders. The resulting instrument is flexible. Users begin with a set of core items, then customize their survey with optional items to probe students' experiences of specific program elements. The online instrument is free and easy to use, with numeric results available as raw data, summary statistics, cross-tabs, and graphs, and as raw, downloadable data. Finally, URSSA has high content validity based on its research grounding and rigorous development. We will present examples of how URSSA has been used in evaluations of UR programs. A multi-year evaluation of a university-based UR program shows that URSSA items are sensitive to differences in students' prior level of experience with research. For example, experienced student researchers reported greater gains than did their peers new to UR in understanding the process of research and in coming to see themselves as scientists. These differences are consistent with interview data that suggest a developmental progression of gains as students pursue research and gain confidence in their ability to contribute meaningfully. A second example comes from a multi-site evaluation of sites funded by the National Science Foundation's Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) program in Biology. This study acquired data from nearly 800 students at some 60 Bio REU sites in 2010 and 2011. Results reveal differences in gains among demographic groups, and the general strength of these well-planned programs relative to a comparison sample of UR programs that are not part of REU. Our presentation will demonstrate the evaluative use of URSSA and its potential applications to undergraduate research in the geosciences.

Laursen, S. L.; Weston, T. J.; Thiry, H.

2012-12-01

63

Undergraduate Students' Preferences of Knowledge to Solve Particle Mechanics Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the nature of undergraduate students' errors and misconceptions in particle mechanics. This paper provides in-depth descriptions of the errors presented by students and accounts for them in terms of students' procedural or conceptual knowledge. Specifically, this study analyses students' written responses to questions on…

Luneta, Kakoma; Makonye, Judah P.

2011-01-01

64

Reading in tertiary education: undergraduate student practices and attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the findings of a study of undergraduate student use of, and attitudes toward, textbooks and other assigned reading. More than 1200 students of various subjects at three Swedish universities were surveyed. Most students said reading played an important role in learning generally and attributed positive characteristics to their textbooks. However, students' self-reported reading behaviour was at odds

Diane Pecorari; Philip Shaw; Aileen Irvine; Hans Malmström; Špela Mežek

2012-01-01

65

Student Effort in and Perceived Benefits from Undergraduate Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The benefits of student engagement in undergraduate research are well-recognized by many higher education institutions. Increased emphasis on undergraduate research in these institutions has taken many forms resulting in considerable differences across institutions ranging from "light touch" to "heavy duty" involvement of…

Salsman, Nicholas; Dulaney, Cynthia L.; Chinta, Ravi; Zascavage, Victoria; Joshi, Hem

2013-01-01

66

Minnesota Undergraduate Demographics: Characteristics of Post-Secondary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As Minnesota's state population changes, the undergraduate student population is also changing. This report is designed to present information about the characteristics of undergraduates who attend post-secondary institutions in Minnesota, based on data from a 2004 national survey conducted by the U.S. Department of Education. The report provides…

Grimes, Tricia; Mehta, Shefali V.

2006-01-01

67

Virtual Carrots, Sticks and Student Engagement: Supporting Student Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a three-year research project which aimed to introduce a technological innovation in working with three cohorts of undergraduate students to support them in completing their final-year dissertations through the use of a Virtual Research Environment (VRE). An additional aim of the project was to establish, amongst the…

Cassidy, Claire; Rimpilainen, Sanna

2011-01-01

68

College Students' Drinking: Master's in Social Work Compared with Undergraduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares self-reported drinking practices of master's of social work (MSW) students with undergraduate students. Results reveal that the MSW students, within age and gender categories, did not drink as excessively as the undergraduate students, although a greater percentage were recovering, a finding of high relevance for the training of these…

Gassman, Ruth A.; Demone, Harold W.; Wechsler, Henry

2002-01-01

69

Premarital Sexual Opinions of Undergraduate Students at a Midwestern University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Questionnaires were distributed to 130 single undergraduate students to elicit opinions concerning premarital sexual behaviors. Found statistically significant differences between the opinions of males and females. Significant differences were also found between the opinions of religious and nonreligious subjects. (Author)

Medora, Niulfer; Woodward, John C.

1982-01-01

70

Scientific Research for Undergraduate Students: A Review of the Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Engaging students in authentic scientific research has become an important component of undergraduate science education at many institutions. The purpose of this paper is to explore authentic research experiences as contexts for learning. The authors revi

Mckinney, Lyle; Sadler, Troy D.

2010-05-01

71

The field course effect: gains in cognitive learning in undergraduate biology students following a field course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Field work and field courses within undergraduate biology degrees have been under threat in recent years for multiple reasons and while there has been widespread support from learned societies, academic staff and students for the retention of field study, there has been little research to support the perceived value of field teaching within this context. This paper reports on research

Eric Easton; Andre Gilburn

2012-01-01

72

The field course effect: gains in cognitive learning in undergraduate biology students following a field course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Field work and field courses within undergraduate biology degrees have been under threat in recent years for multiple reasons and while there has been widespread support from learned societies, academic staff and students for the retention of field study, there has been little research to support the perceived value of field teaching within this context. This paper reports on research

Eric Easton; Andre Gilburn

2011-01-01

73

A national science foundation supported undergraduate CSMET research project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a program at Texas A&M University B Corpus Christi which seeks to involve a substantial number of undergraduate students in active research. This program receives funding from the National Science Foundation, grant number DUE-0094898. Students receive a small stipend in return for participating in one of several multidisciplinary projects. Projects include funded and unfunded research conducted by

R. Stephen Dannelly; Carl W. Steidley

2002-01-01

74

EDITORIAL: Student undergraduate laboratory and project work  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the last decade 'labwork' courses at university level have changed significantly. The beginning of this development was indicated and partly initiated by the EU-project 'Labwork in Science Education' funded by the European Community (1999-2001). The present special issue of the European Journal of Physics focuses on a multitude of different aspects of this process. The aim of this publication is to improve the exchange of experience and to promote this important trend. In physics research labs a silent revolution has taken place. Today the personal computer is omnipresent. It controls the experiment via stepping motors, piezo-microdrives etc, it monitors all parameters and collects the experimental data with the help of smart sensors. In particular, computer-based modern scanning and imaging techniques open the possibility of creating really new types of experiments. The computer allows data storage and processing on the one hand and simulation and modelling on the other. These processes occur in parallel or may even be interwoven. The web plays an important role in modern science for inquiry, communication, cooperation and publication. Traditional labwork courses do not prepare students for the many resulting demands. Therefore it is necessary to redefine the learning targets and to reconsider the learning methods. Two contributions show exemplarily how modern experimental devices could find their way into students' labs. In the article 'Infrared thermal imaging as a tool in university physics education' by Klaus-Peter Möllmann and Michael Vollmer we can see that infrared thermal imaging is a valuable tool in physics education at university level. It can help to visualize and thereby enhance understanding of physical phenomena of mechanics, thermal physics, electromagnetism, optics and radiation physics. The contribution 'Using Peltier cells to study solid-liquid-vapor transitions and supercooling' by Giacomo Torzo, Isabella Soletta and Mario Branca proves that new experiments which illustrate both fundamental physics and modern technology can be realized even with a small budget. Traditional labwork courses often provide a catalogue of well known experiments. The students must first learn the theoretical background. They then assemble the setup from specified equipment, collect the data and perform the default data processing. However, there is no way to learn to swim without water. In order to achieve a constructivist access to learning, 'project labs' are needed. In a project labwork course a small group of students works as a team on a mini research project. The students have to specify the question of research, develop a suitable experimental setup, conduct the experiment and find a suitable way to evaluate the data. Finally they must present their results e.g. in the framework of a public poster session. Three contributions refer to this approach, however they focus on different aspects: 'Project laboratory for first-year students' by Gorazd Planinši?, 'RealTime Physics: active learning laboratories' by David Sokoloff et al and 'Labs outside labs: miniprojects at a spring camp for future physics teachers' by Leos Dvorák. Is it possible to prepare the students specifically for project labwork? This question is answered by the contribution 'A new labwork course for physics students: devices, methods and research projects' by Knut Neumann and Manuela Welzel. The two main parts of the labwork course cover first experimental devices (e.g. multimeters, oscilloscopes, different sensors, operational amplifiers, step motors, AD/DA-converters). Then subjects such as data processing, consideration of measurement uncertainties, keeping records or using tools like LABVIEW etc are focused on. Another concrete proposal for a new curriculum is provided by James Sharp et al, in 'Computer based learning in an undergraduate physics laboratory: interfacing and instrument control using MATLAB'. One can well imagine that project labs will be the typical learning environment for physics students in the future. However, the de

Schumacher, Dieter

2007-05-01

75

Investigating Undergraduate Student Ideas about Cosmological Concepts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As scientists seek to understand the nature of our Universe, we can also explore our students’ understanding of cosmological concepts. We will describe an ongoing study in which students’ pre-instructional ideas are examined. Approximately 1000 students have responded to open-ended questions at the start of their introductory astronomy courses. Analysis of the responses, through an iterative process of identifying self-emergent themes, suggests that students have a number of common ideas. In addition to the open-ended written surveys administered at multiple institutions, additional data from a single minority-serving institution includes in-depth student interviews, homework assignments, lab responses, and exams gathered throughout an introductory astronomy course. Results are consistent with the surveys at the beginning of the course and indicate that while students do make strides toward scientific understanding over the semester, they frequently retain some critical misunderstandings. Furthermore, results indicate that using authentic lab experiences with "real" data can address the common student pre-course ideas that scientific conclusions are simply "made up." This presentation will give an overview of our methodologies and the results for student ideas on the composition of the Universe, including dark matter and dark energy. Also see our associated presentations on student ideas of structure and distances (Camarillo et al.) and age, expansion and the Big Bang (Trouille et al.). This work was supported by NASA ROSES E/PO Grant #NNX1OAC89G, as well as by the Illinois Space Grant Consortium and National Science Foundation CCLI Grant #0632563 at Chicago State University and the Fermi E/PO program at Sonoma State University.

Coble, Kimberly A.; Trouille, L. E.; Bailey, J. M.; Camarillo, C. T.; Nickerson, M. D.; Cochran, G. L.; Hayes, V. L.; McLin, K. M.; Cominsky, L. R.

2012-05-01

76

Motivational Orientation and Burnout among Undergraduate College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationships among motivational orientations based on self-determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2000b) and burnout among undergraduate college students. A sample of 191 university students was administered the "Academic Motivation Scale" (Vallerand et al., 1992) and the "Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey" (Schaufeli,…

Pisarik, Christopher T.

2009-01-01

77

An Assessment of Reading Compliance Decisions among Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research suggests that reading compliance among undergraduate students is low. This study assesses the factors that influence students' decisions to comply with their assigned course readings using two theoretical underpinnings: students' self-rationing ability of time and construal effects on their decision process. Data collected…

Sharma, Amit; Van Hoof, Bert; Pursel, Barton

2013-01-01

78

Examining Undergraduate Agriculture Students' Attitudes and Decisions Regarding Studying Abroad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to effectively market and promote study abroad programs, the reasons for undergraduate students' decisions to or not to study abroad need to be considered. Limited research was found identifying students' reasons for or against studying abroad. This researcher examined the reasons students identified in their decision to or not to study…

McDermott, Jodi Loeffelholz

2011-01-01

79

Plagiarism Instruction Online: Assessing Undergraduate Students' Ability to Avoid Plagiarism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assesses undergraduate students' understanding of plagia- rism through the use of an interactive, Web-based tutorial, Plagiarism: The Crime of Intellectual Kidnapping. The author details the instructional design process used to create this information literacy resource and integrate it into the curriculum. Data from 2,829 student quiz scores are analyzed to assess student learning. The results of this study

Pamela A. Jackson

80

Student Attitudes toward Networked Peer Assessment: Case Studies of Undergraduate Students and Senior High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of peer assessment focuses on a study conducted in Taiwan that investigated networked peer assessment with high school and undergraduate students. Highlights include student attitudes toward peer assessment; peer-tutor correlation; and a measure of student satisfaction with networked peer assessment activities. (Author/LRW)

Lin, Sunny S. J.; Liu, Eric Z. F.; Yuan, S. M.

2002-01-01

81

Academic performance and student engagement in level 1 physics undergraduates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the beginning of academic year 2007-08, staff in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Glasgow started to implement a number of substantial changes to the administration of the level 1 physics undergraduate class. The main aims were to improve the academic performance and progression statistics. With this in mind, a comprehensive system of learning support was introduced, the main remit being the provision of an improved personal contact and academic monitoring and support strategy for all students at level 1. The effects of low engagement with compulsory continuous assessment components had already been observed to have a significant effect on students sitting in the middle of the grade curve. Analysis of data from the 2007-08 class showed that even some nominally high-achieving students achieved lowered grades due to the effects of low engagement. Nonetheless, academic and other support measures put in place during 2007-08 played a part in raising the passrate for the level 1 physics class by approximately 8% as well as raising the progression rate by approximately 10%.

Casey, M. M.; McVitie, S.

2009-09-01

82

Diversity in the Undergraduate Curriculum: Perspectives Held by Undergraduate Students at a Predominantly European American University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate students (N = 932, 83.8% European Americans, 69.6% women) completed an online survey and reported their definitions of diversity, their attitudes toward incorporating diversity into the curriculum, and their motivations for learning about diversity issues. Findings revealed that students conceptualized diversity primarily in terms of…

Littleford, Linh Nguyen

2013-01-01

83

Exploring the "Learning Careers" of Irish Undergraduate Sociology Students through the Establishment of an Undergraduate Sociology Student Journal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2009, a faculty-reviewed student undergraduate journal titled "Socheolas: The Limerick Student Journal of Sociology" was officially launched. The journal, now in its fourth volume, is produced, edited, and managed by a small team from within the Department of Sociology at the University of Limerick in Ireland. The objective of this student

Neville, Patricia; Power, Martin J.; Barnes, Cliona; Haynes, Amanda

2012-01-01

84

The intentional mentor: effective mentorship of undergraduate science students.  

PubMed

Promoting quality mentorship of undergraduate science students has recently emerged as an important strategy for successfully recruiting and retaining students in the sciences. Although numerous faculty members are naturally gifted mentors, most faculty are inserted into a mentorship role with little, if any, training. Successfully mentoring undergraduate science students requires a myriad of skills that can be honed with forethought and practice. In this essay, the value of mentoring, the developmental profile of young adult students, and the traits of a good mentor are explored. The Triangular Model proposed by W. Brad Johnson provides a theoretical framework for the development of effective mentorship. Fifteen tips gleaned from the literature and the author's personal experience are provided to help improve mentoring skills of faculty working with undergraduate science students. PMID:23493810

Ramirez, Julio J

2012-01-01

85

The Intentional Mentor: Effective Mentorship of Undergraduate Science Students  

PubMed Central

Promoting quality mentorship of undergraduate science students has recently emerged as an important strategy for successfully recruiting and retaining students in the sciences. Although numerous faculty members are naturally gifted mentors, most faculty are inserted into a mentorship role with little, if any, training. Successfully mentoring undergraduate science students requires a myriad of skills that can be honed with forethought and practice. In this essay, the value of mentoring, the developmental profile of young adult students, and the traits of a good mentor are explored. The Triangular Model proposed by W. Brad Johnson provides a theoretical framework for the development of effective mentorship. Fifteen tips gleaned from the literature and the author’s personal experience are provided to help improve mentoring skills of faculty working with undergraduate science students.

Ramirez, Julio J.

2012-01-01

86

Enhancing undergraduate students' chemistry understanding through project-based learning in an IT environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project-based learning (PBL), which is increasingly supported by information technologies (IT), contributes to fostering student-directed scientific inquiry of problems in a real-world setting. This study investigated the integration of PBL in an IT environment into three undergraduate chemistry courses, each including both experimental and control students. Students in the experimental group volunteered to carry out an individual IT-based project, whereas

Miri Barak; Yehudit Judy Dori

2005-01-01

87

Research and Teaching: Encouraging Female Undergraduate Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Two case studies of undergraduate chemistry departments highlight differences between a department graduating a high percentage of women and one that is not, and provide possible ways in which departments can attract and retain more female majors. A surve

Meyer, Gail M.

2002-10-01

88

Using Spatial Data Visualization to Motivate Undergraduate Social Science Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This chapter begins by describing how GIS software canhelp students see social relations and social policy options. Itargues that visualization should be an integral tool inexploratory data analysis; not just a final step in presentingthe results of analysis. Indeed, a major thesis of the paper isthat visualization should be one of the first topics taught inundergraduate social science research methods courses. Thebalance of the article describes a specific model of how toteach spatial analysis and data visualization in the socialsciences that the author and colleagues are developing withNSF support. This is a chapter in the Visualization in Science Education section of the Course, Curriculum and Laboratory Improvement (CCLI) April 2004 conference proceedings published under the title Invention and Impact: Building Excellence in Undergraduate Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Education.

Richard LeGates (San Francisco State University;)

2004-12-01

89

Advancing Information and Communication Technology Knowledge for Undergraduate Nursing Students  

PubMed Central

Nursing is a dynamic profession; for registered nurses their role is increasingly requiring greater information process understanding and the effective management of information to ensure high quality safe patient care. This paper outlines the design and implementation of Systems of eCare. This is a course which advances information and communication technology knowledge for undergraduate nursing students within a Faculty of Health and Wellbeing appropriately preparing nurses for their professional careers. Systems of eCare entwines throughout the three year programme mapping to the curriculum giving meaning to learning for the student. In conclusion comments from students convey their appreciation of the provision of this element of the undergraduate programme.

Procter, Paula M

2012-01-01

90

Building the Numeracy Skills of Undergraduate and Elementary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a project with the goal of exposing both elementary school and undergraduate students to the concepts associated with the experimental method, from the formulation of a researchable question to the analysis and interpretation of the results. Under the guidance of their university mentors, fourth and fifth grade students

Boger, Pam

2005-01-01

91

Psychiatric Day Treatment Clerkship for Undergraduate Pharmacy Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A psychiatric day treatment clerkship for undergraduate pharmacy students at the University of Connecticut is described. Students participate in client interviewing, medication history taking, client medication counseling, medication counseling, medication clinic, medication group, and health care group. Evaluation of performance is based on both…

Cardoni, Alex A.; Gunning, Jacqueline

1981-01-01

92

Role conflation in the writing of undergraduate Law students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the course of their study, undergraduate Law students are often asked to assume professional roles when writing their assignments. For example, students may be asked to assume the role of a Judge and write a decision on an appeal, or they may be presented with the facts of a problem situation and then asked to assume the role of

Steve Price

93

Group Experiential Learning with Undergraduate Nursing Students: An Interdisciplinary Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examined an interdisciplinary, collaborative experiential group learning approach, in which undergraduate nursing students met in small groups led by counseling doctoral student co-leaders. Statistical analysis suggests that the teaching method lead to learning of group concepts. Discussion addresses anecdotal observations,…

Pistole, M. Carole; Kinyon, Jane; Keith, Cynthia Bozich

2008-01-01

94

Measuring Stellar Temperatures: An Astrophysical Laboratory for Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While astrophysics is a fascinating subject, it hardly lends itself to laboratory experiences accessible to undergraduate students. In this paper, we describe a feasible astrophysical laboratory experience in which the students are guided to take several stellar spectra, using a telescope, a spectrograph and a CCD camera, and perform a full data…

Cenadelli, D.; Zeni, M.

2008-01-01

95

Association between Adult Attachment Representations and Undergraduate Student Course Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' course evaluations often play an important role in career advancement for faculty. The authors examined the association between attachment representations of parents and course evaluations in a sample of 230 undergraduate students. They found a significant negative association between attachment anxiety with parents and course…

Henson, Alisha M.; Scharfe, Elaine

2011-01-01

96

Writing Apprehension and Academic Achievement among Undergraduate Honors Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between writing apprehension and academic achievement among undergraduate honors students at the University of Alabama. A total of 75 male honors students completed Daly and Miller's Writing Apprehension Test and self-reported their grade point averages (GPA). The test measured apprehension or anxiety and fear…

Boening, Carl H.; Anderson, Lara A.; Miller, Michael T.

97

Introducing undergraduate students to simulation of semiconductor doping techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents some of the techniques used to introduce simulation of semiconductor fabrication processes to undergraduate electrical engineering students at the American University of Sharjah. Students use Silvaco Athena process simulator and Atlas device simulator to perform experiments on semiconductor fabrication processes. Simulation results are compared with the theoretically expected results. As semiconductor process simulation tools can respond to

M. Narayanan; H. Al-Nashash

2009-01-01

98

Student Support Programs: 2021.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student support programs 20 years hence will most likely be directly related to the configurations of the schools in which they are located. In order to speculate on the nature of the support programs, therefore, it is necessary first to speculate on what types of models schools will assume. This chapter considers some of the more prominent…

Gazda, George M.

99

Role of the Undergraduate Student Research Assistant in the New Millennium  

PubMed Central

In this study, we analyze the contribution of the undergraduate student who participates in the process of generating scientific data and developing a research project using Brazilian research as an example. Historically, undergraduate students have performed the critical role of research assistants in developing countries. This aspect has been underappreciated as a means of generating scientific data in Brazilian research facilities. Brazilian educational institutions are facing major age-related generational changes among the science faculty within the next 5–10 yr. A lack of adequate support for graduate students leads to a concern that undergraduates will not be interested in choosing research assistant programs and, subsequently, academic research careers. To remedy this situation it is important to focus on ways to encourage new research careers and enhance university–industry collaborations.

2004-01-01

100

Role of the undergraduate student research assistant in the new millennium.  

PubMed

In this study, we analyze the contribution of the undergraduate student who participates in the process of generating scientific data and developing a research project using Brazilian research as an example. Historically, undergraduate students have performed the critical role of research assistants in developing countries. This aspect has been underappreciated as a means of generating scientific data in Brazilian research facilities. Brazilian educational institutions are facing major age-related generational changes among the science faculty within the next 5-10 yr. A lack of adequate support for graduate students leads to a concern that undergraduates will not be interested in choosing research assistant programs and, subsequently, academic research careers. To remedy this situation it is important to focus on ways to encourage new research careers and enhance university-industry collaborations. PMID:15592596

Silva, Thais Dutra Nascimento; da Cunha Aguiar, Lúcia Cristina; Leta, Jaqueline; Santos, Dilvani Oliveira; Cardoso, Fernanda Serpa; Cabral, Lúcio Mendes; Rodrigues, Carlos Rangel; Castro, Helena Carla

2004-01-01

101

The Adult Male Undergraduate Student Experience: Real Men Do Return to School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 395 returning adult male students enrolled in undergraduate degree programs found their primary motivations to be career related; 85% felt able to balance roles; some had child care issues and most felt they had social and family support networks. Major concerns involved scheduling difficulties, financial aid, and juggling family and…

Widoff, Janet C.

1999-01-01

102

Student interests and undergraduate performance: the importance of student–course alignment  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a growing interest in the influences on undergraduate performance in recent years as a result of the increasing diversity of students entering third-level education and an ever increasing emphasis on the development of a robust knowledge economy. This paper investigates the influence of students’ dominant interest types and prior academic achievement on undergraduate performance in an Irish

Raymond Lynch; Niall Seery; Seamus Gordon

2011-01-01

103

Extreme Learning Assistants: Students' Perceptions of Their Undergraduate Laboratory Instructors  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Several schools have implemented âLearning Assistantâ (LA) programs, in which upper-class undergraduates serve as teaching assistants in introductory courses. At UNCG, LAs are given an unusual degree of freedom. Working in teams, they serve as the primary instructors for lab sections of the two introductory calculus-based physics courses. They co-design the lab curriculum with the professor of the lecture section, conduct all lab classes, and grade all student work. In order to investigate how students taking the lab reacted to having undergraduates as lab instructors, we gave and analyzed a short anonymous Likert-type survey probing studentsâ opinions at the end of the first course. We found that overall, most students reacted favorably. They found the LAsâ content knowledge and pedagogic skills to be adequate, and saw some benefit to having undergraduates rather than faculty to interact with. They also perceived that the responded to questions with guiding questions rather than authoritative answers.

Grabow, Aaron J.; Beatty, Ian D.; Gerace, William J.

2014-01-30

104

Risk factors associated with depressive symptoms among undergraduate students.  

PubMed

The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship of several cognitive and emotional variables including perfectionism, rumination, and attachment quality with depressive symptoms in a sample of Iranian undergraduate students. Two hundred and ninety nine undergraduate students (144 males, 156 females) from Urmia University of Technology, Urmia University, and Urmia University of Medical Sciences participated in this study. Participants were asked to complete Tehran Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (TMPS), Ruminative Responses Scale (RRS), Revised Adult Attachment Scale (RAAS), and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). The results demonstrated that insecurity of attachment, socially prescribed perfectionism, and rumination could significantly predict the depressive symptoms in undergraduate students. Confirming predictive risk factors of depressive symptoms, results of the present study can produce an empirical basis for designing educational and health programs for people at risk. Accordingly, proper assessment of the risk factors of depressive symptoms in health care settings may provide invaluable information for prevention and management programs. PMID:25042947

Besharat, Mohammad Ali; Issazadegan, Ali; Etemadinia, Mahin; Golssanamlou, Safar; Abdolmanafi, Atefe

2014-08-01

105

Testing Risk-Taking Behavior in Chinese Undergraduate Students  

PubMed Central

The DOSPERT, developed by Weber, Blais and Betz, can be used to measure risk behaviors in a variety of domains. We investigated the use of this scale in China. The participants were 1144 undergraduate students. After we removed some items that were not homogeneous, a principal component analysis extracted six components that accounted for 44.48% of the variance, a value similar to that obtained in the analysis conducted by Weber et al. Chinese undergraduates scored higher on the investment subscale compared with the results of Weber’s study. The analysis of individual differences indicated that there was a significant gender difference in the ethical, investment and health/safety subscales, where males scored significantly higher than females. The type of home location was also significant on the ethical and health/safety subscales, where undergraduates from the countryside scored lower than undergraduates from cities and towns on the ethical subscale, and undergraduates from towns scored higher than those from other two areas on the health/safety subscale. Male undergraduates from towns scored higher than male undergraduates from other areas on the gambling subscale.

Du, Xiufang; Li, Jia; Du, Xiulian

2014-01-01

106

Testing risk-taking behavior in chinese undergraduate students.  

PubMed

The DOSPERT, developed by Weber, Blais and Betz, can be used to measure risk behaviors in a variety of domains. We investigated the use of this scale in China. The participants were 1144 undergraduate students. After we removed some items that were not homogeneous, a principal component analysis extracted six components that accounted for 44.48% of the variance, a value similar to that obtained in the analysis conducted by Weber et al. Chinese undergraduates scored higher on the investment subscale compared with the results of Weber's study. The analysis of individual differences indicated that there was a significant gender difference in the ethical, investment and health/safety subscales, where males scored significantly higher than females. The type of home location was also significant on the ethical and health/safety subscales, where undergraduates from the countryside scored lower than undergraduates from cities and towns on the ethical subscale, and undergraduates from towns scored higher than those from other two areas on the health/safety subscale. Male undergraduates from towns scored higher than male undergraduates from other areas on the gambling subscale. PMID:24836525

Du, Xiufang; Li, Jia; Du, Xiulian

2014-01-01

107

Undergraduate in Focus: Can Student Input Lead to New Directions in Planning Undergraduate Library Services?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a brief overview of focus groups; discusses the use of undergraduate focus groups on two campuses of the University of California library system; describes methodologies used, including interviews and questionnaires; and describes new directions the libraries were led as a result of student input. (Author/LRW)

Meltzer, Ellen; And Others

1995-01-01

108

Self-Efficacy, Perceived Social Support, and Psychological Adjustment in International Undergraduate Students in a Public Higher Education Institution in Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The globalization of the economy and society has had its impact on Malaysian higher education institutions, particularly universities. The Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education aims at intensifying globalization through increasing the number of international students. However, many international students struggle with adjusting to a new culture.…

Yusoff, Yusliza Mohd.

2012-01-01

109

Success Stories of Undergraduate Retention: A Pathways Study of Graduate Students in Solar and Space Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation describes results from an NSF-funded study of the pathways students in solar and space physics have taken to arrive in graduate school. Our Pathways study has documented results from structured interviews conducted with graduate students attending two, week-long, NSF-sponsored scientific workshops during the summer of 2011. Our research team interviewed 48 solar and space physics students (29 males and 19 females currently in graduate programs at US institutions,) in small group settings regarding what attracted and retained them along their pathways leading to grad school. This presentation addresses what these students revealed about the attributes and influences that supported completion of their undergraduate experience and focused their aspirations toward graduate school. In advance of the interview process, we collected 125 on-line survey responses from students at the two workshops. This 20-item survey included questions about high school and undergraduate education, as well as about research and graduate experience. A subset of the 125 students who completed this on-line survey volunteered to be interviewed. Two types of interview data were collected from the 48 interviewees: 1) written answers to a pre-interview questionnaire; and 2) detailed notes taken by researchers during group interviews. On the pre-interview questionnaire, we posed the question: "How did you come to be a graduate student in your field?" Our findings to date are based on an analysis of responses to this question, cross correlated with the corresponding on-line survey data. Our analysis reveals the importance of early research experiences. About 80% of the students participating in the Pathways study cited formative undergraduate research experiences. Moreover, about 50% of participants reported undergraduate research experiences that were in the field of their current graduate studies. Graduate students interviewed frequently cited a childhood interest in science that grew through high school and undergraduate science courses on into trying out research as an undergraduate. Reasons cited for finding space physics more attractive than, say astronomy or cosmology, included: 1) the domain of physical reality being studied (near-Earth space) can be accessed by humans; 2) the research content is easier to explain to family and friends; and 3) the research has more societal relevance. Our data also suggest the pivotal role of undergraduate professors and research advisors in supporting student persistence.

Morrow, C. A.; Stoll, W.; Moldwin, M.; Gross, N. A.

2012-12-01

110

Predicting Success for Actuarial Students in Undergraduate Mathematics Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of undergraduate actuarial graduates found that math SAT scores, verbal SAT scores, percentile rank in high school graduating class, and percentage score on a college mathematics placement exam had some relevance to forecasting the students' grade point averages in their major. For both males and females, percentile rank in high school…

Smith, Richard Manning; Schumacher, Phyllis A.

2005-01-01

111

An Undergraduate Student Flow Model: Australian Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Markov chain is used to model the movement of undergraduates through the higher education system in Australia. Given the student's age on commencing a course of study, the model provides estimates of the probability of course completion, mean time for completion, and mean time spent in the higher education system. (Author/MSE)

Shah, Chandra; Burke, Gerald

1999-01-01

112

Technology-Mediated Supervision of Undergraduate Students' Dissertations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Sweden, technology-mediated participation has increased in tertiary education, which has led to changing conditions for its delivery. However, one part has proven more resistant to change, technology-mediated or not: the supervision of students' undergraduate dissertation work. This article presents a study that analyses technological…

Jaldemark, Jimmy; Lindberg, J. Ola

2013-01-01

113

Cheating Behaviours, the Internet and Education Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an illuminative small-scale study that piloted an initial survey instrument intended to investigate correspondences between 47 undergraduate Education final year students' use of information and communications technology (ICT), including the Internet, and--within the context of their adoption of tactics intended to impress…

Trushell, J.; Byrne, K.; Simpson, R.

2012-01-01

114

Teaching Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy to Undergraduate Psychology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes an experimental undergraduate psychology course that ran for two semesters during the 2009 academic year at a private, urban university in the United States. Students learned the techniques and strategies of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) with a focus on the practical elements…

Ryan, Tracey Ellen; Blau, Shawn; Grozeva, Dima

2011-01-01

115

Exploring Online Reading Strategies of American Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scope and Method of Study. This study explores the actual and the perceived online reading strategies used by selected American undergraduate students when reading academic materials on the web. In this mixed-method study with a two-phase exploratory sequential research, qualitative data were collected using a case study protocol; the data were…

Behalova, Andrea

2010-01-01

116

Skill-Related Fitness of Undergraduate Kinesiology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to investigate the skill-related fitness levels of undergraduate kinesiology majors in relation to the general population of college students of the same age, to investigate whether a difference exists between females and males in overall performance, and to examine the relationship between fitness and kinesiology…

Spaniol, Frank J.; Jarrett, Lindsey M.; Ocker, Liette B.; Bonnette, Randy A.; Melrose, Don R.

2013-01-01

117

Teaching electromagnetic fields and FEM for undergraduate students  

Microsoft Academic Search

An approach to the finite element method applied to the solution of electromagnetic fields problems is presented. This methodology is suitable for teaching electrical engineering students at undergraduate level, because the problem formulation is based solely on the direct integration of Maxwell's equations and the approach is only valid for first-order elements, thereby avoiding the use of an excessively complex

L. Lebensztajn; V. S. Silva; L. N. Rossi; J. R. Cardoso

2001-01-01

118

The Intra-European Mobility of Undergraduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate student mobility in Europe, which is seen as a desirable objective by the European communities, is examined in this study. The idea of mobility includes a term or year of study in a foreign country as well as stays of a month or two resulting from inter-university agreements or twinning schemes, or even periods of training that round…

European Cultural Foundation, Amsterdam (Netherlands).

119

An Exploratory Study of Cyberbullying with Undergraduate University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the covert events surrounding the undergraduate students' experience is essential to educators' and counselors' involvement in their success. Research into bullying behaviors has documented victims' feelings of anger, sadness and poor concentration. Affordable technologies have propagated this concern into cyberspace. This…

Walker, Carol M.; Sockman, Beth Rajan; Koehn, Steven

2011-01-01

120

Invisible and Special: Young Women's Experiences as Undergraduate Mathematics Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on young women students participation in their undergraduate mathematics degree programme: their gendered trajectory is characterized in terms of their being both "invisible" in the dominant university mathematics community and yet "special" in their self -conception. It draws on data collected from a three-year longitudinal…

Rodd, Melissa; Bartholomew, Hannah

2006-01-01

121

Mystical Experiences and Addiction Beliefs of Undergraduate and Graduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigated the prevalence of mystical experiences and how these experiences relate to beliefs about drug addiction, drug use, and spiritual practices. Subjects were 300 undergraduate and graduate students at a large midwestern university who filled out self-report scales on mysticism (Ralph W. Hood, Jr.'s Mysticism Scale) and drug…

Hruby, Paula Jo; Roberts, Thomas B.

122

Student Perceptions of an EFL Undergraduate Research Writing Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate research paper has long been a tradition in US freshman composition programs, although whether the research paper should or can be taught in the English department continues to be debated. In many of the English departments in Taiwan, students are also required to compose a research paper for their composition class. However, there…

Yeh, Chun-Chun

2009-01-01

123

Undergraduate Student Socialization and Learning in an Online Professional Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data collected from a qualitative case study of an online baccalaureate nursing program, we examined the influence of online degree programs on undergraduate student socialization and learning. We considered how components of socialization--knowledge acquisition, investment, and involvement--are influenced by the online context. The findings…

Holley, Karri A.; Taylor, Barrett J.

2009-01-01

124

Building Intercultural Competence through Intercultural Competency Certification of Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Intercultural Competency Certificate (CCI in Spanish) designed for the Universidad Popular Autonoma del Estado de Puebla (UPAEP University) is a theory based comprehensive plan to develop undergraduate students' intercultural competence. This Certificate is based in the Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS) developed by…

Janeiro, Maria G. Fabregas; Fabre, Ricardo Lopez; Nuno de la Parra, Jose Pablo

2014-01-01

125

Social Networking in Physical Education: Undergraduate Students' Views on Ning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It was the aim of this study to investigate physical education undergraduate students' views on the use of social networking, one of the most typical representations of Web 2.0 technologies. In order to do so, the researcher, who was the instructor of the class, entitled "Fair Play Education in Sport", introduced Ning and its educational aspects…

Sezen Balcikanli, Gulfem

2012-01-01

126

Undergraduate Students' Mental Models of Hailstone Formation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this research is to investigate students' mental models of the hailstone formation and explore factors that may affect their mental models. The sample chosen for the study was composed of a total of 84 students. The students attended the 1st to 4 th grade classes of the Social Studies Teaching Programme at Giresun University in…

Cin, Mustafa

2013-01-01

127

Positioning (in) the discipline: undergraduate students' negotiations of disciplinary discourses  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is drawn from a longitudinal case study in which the authors have tracked the progress of 20 Social Science students over the course of their undergraduate degrees at a historically ‘white’ South African university. The students are all from disadvantaged educational backgrounds and\\/or speakers of English as a second language. The paper draws on post-structuralist and post-colonial theory

Rochelle Kapp; Bongi Bangeni

2009-01-01

128

Undergraduate Students’ Conceptions of Mathematics: An International Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we report on an international study of undergraduate mathematics students’ conceptions of mathematics. Almost\\u000a 1,200 students in five countries completed a short survey including three open-ended questions asking about their views of\\u000a mathematics and its role in their future studies and planned professions. Responses were analysed starting from a previously-developed\\u000a phenomenographic framework (Reid et al., 2003) which

Peter Petocz; Anna Reid; Leigh N. Wood; Geoff H. Smith; Glyn Mather; Ansie Harding; Johann Engelbrecht; Ken Houston; Joel Hillel; Gillian Perrett

2007-01-01

129

Academic misconduct: results of faculty and undergraduate student surveys.  

PubMed

Educators in health-related fields are particularly sensitive to academic misconduct because undergraduate students who falsify academic work in such fields can go on to endanger the health and well being of the very people they are meant to assist. This paper presents the results of a survey of 104 faculty and 314 undergraduate students regarding their experience with academic misconduct. Faculty and student definitions of misconduct are compared, the incidence of cheating within each category is reported, and the projected efficacy of methods for controlling misconduct are examined. Major findings include the following: faculty and students differed significantly in their definitions of 24 of the 36 described behaviors, 82% of the surveyed undergraduate students admitted to engaging in some form of academic misconduct during their college careers, few differences in cheating patterns were related to year in school (class) or gender, and faculty and students differed on the impact that changes in environment and procedure were expected to have on cheating. PMID:3721993

Stern, E B; Havlicek, L

1986-05-01

130

Students' understanding of alkyl halide reactions in undergraduate organic chemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Organic chemistry is an essential subject for many undergraduate students completing degrees in science, engineering, and pre-professional programs. However, students often struggle with the concepts and skills required to successfully solve organic chemistry exercises. Since alkyl halides are traditionally the first functional group that is studied in undergraduate organic chemistry courses, establishing a robust understanding of the concepts and reactions related to them can be beneficial in assuring students' success in organic chemistry courses. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to elucidate and describe students' understanding of alkyl halide reactions in an undergraduate organic chemistry course. Participants were interviewed using a think-aloud protocol in which they were given a set of exercises dealing with reactions and mechanisms of alkyl halide molecules in order to shed light on the students' understanding of these reactions and elucidate any gaps in understanding and incorrect warrants that may be present. These interviews were transcribed and analyzed using qualitative inquiry approaches. In general, the findings from this study show that the students exhibited gaps in understanding and incorrect warrants dealing with: (1) classifying substances as bases and/or nucleophiles, (2) assessing the basic or nucleophilic strength of substances, (3) accurately describing the electron movement of the steps that take place during alkyl halide reaction mechanisms, and (4) assessing the viability of their proposed reactive intermediates and breakage of covalent bonds. In addition, implications for teaching and future research are proposed.

Cruz-Ramirez de Arellano, Daniel

131

Student and Faculty Outcomes of Undergraduate Science Research Projects by Geographically Dispersed Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Senior undergraduate research projects are important components of most undergraduate science degrees. The delivery of such projects in a distance education format is challenging. Athabasca University (AU) science project courses allow distance education students to complete research project courses by working with research supervisors in their…

Shaw, Lawton; Kennepohl, Dietmar

2013-01-01

132

Nurturing Independent Learning in the Undergraduate Student in History: A Faculty-Student Mentoring Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four undergraduates and a history professor planned for and carried out research in the Belgian State Archives in an attempt to answer the call from the Boyer Commission's seminal report that identified the need for meaningful undergraduate research opportunities in the American higher education system. Our faculty-student mentoring experience…

Johnson, Benjamin A.; Harreld, Donald J.

2012-01-01

133

Exploring Diverse Cultures with Undergraduate Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Future teachers face the challenge of teaching an increasingly diverse student population in a mainstream classroom. Teacher education programs, therefore, are charged with the necessity of designing, implementing and evaluating effective experiences which will expand students' views on diversity. The teacher education program at Berry College in…

Inman, Duane; Marlow, Leslie; Wakefield, Dara

2004-01-01

134

Illegal drugs and nutrition in undergraduate students.  

PubMed

The nutritional status of 82 marihuana-smoking students from two establishments of tertiary education was studied and compared with 63 controls. There was little difference between these two groups of students. Thirty-four per cent of those taking drugs had a diet which was deficient in one or more nutrients, compared with 30% of the controls. Four of the students who took drugs and three controls had a marginally reduced serum level of vitamin B12, but all were taking oral contraceptive agents. Sixteen marihuana-smokers had either a low folate or low pyridoxal serum level, and another three had reduced serum levels of both vitamins compared with a total of eleven among the controls. Forty-three students (52%) had used, or were using, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) in addition to marihuana, and 10 had used mushrooms (Psilocybe cubensis). Thirteen students appeared to be "stoned" at interview. PMID:683079

Davis, R E; Midalia, N D; Curnow, D H

1978-06-01

135

Undergraduate nursing students' perceptions regarding factors that affect math abilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A review of the nursing literature reveals many undergraduate nursing students lack proficiency with basic mathematical skills, those necessary for safe medication preparation and administration. Few studies exploring the phenomenon from the undergraduate nursing student perspective are reported in the nursing literature. The purpose of this study was to explore undergraduate nursing students’ perceptions of math abilities, factors that affect math abilities, the use of math in nursing, and the extent to which specific math skills were addressed throughout a nursing curriculum. Polya’s Model for Problem Solving and the Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, Affective Domain served as the theoretical background for the study. Qualitative and quantitative methods were utilized to obtain data from a purposive sample of undergraduate nursing students from a private university in western Pennsylvania. Participants were selected based on the proficiency level with math skills, as determined by a score on the Elsevier’s HESI™ Admission Assessment (A2) Exam, Math Portion. Ten students from the “Excellent” benchmark group and eleven students from the “Needing Additional Assistance or Improvement” benchmark group participated in one-on-one, semi-structured interviews, and completed a 25-item, 4-point Likert scale survey that rated confidence levels with specific math skills and the extent to which these skills were perceived to be addressed in the nursing curriculum. Responses from the two benchmark groups were compared and contrasted. Eight themes emerged from the qualitative data. Findings related to mathematical approach and confidence levels with specific math skills were determined to be statistically significant.

Pyo, Katrina A.

136

Intuition in Nursing Practice: Sharing Graduate Students' Exemplars with Undergraduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduate nursing students (n=21) wrote descriptions of how they used intuition in clinical practice. Undergraduates in a nursing research course used these exemplars to learn about content analysis and develop their own intuitive thinking. (SK)

Beck, Cheryl Tatano

1998-01-01

137

Astrobiology Undergraduate Education: Students' Knowledge and Perceptions of the Field  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the field of astrobiology continually evolving, it has become increasingly important to develop and maintain an educational infrastructure for the next generation of astrobiologists. In addition to developing more courses and programs for students, it is essential to monitor the learning experiences and progress of students taking these astrobiology courses. At the University of Florida, a new pilot course in astrobiology was developed that targeted undergraduate students with a wide range of scientific backgrounds. Pre- and post-course surveys along with knowledge assessments were used to evaluate the students' perceived and actual learning experiences. The class incorporated a hybrid teaching platform that included traditional in-person and distance learning technologies. Results indicate that undergraduate students have little prior knowledge of key astrobiology concepts; however, post-course testing demonstrated significant improvements in the students' comprehension of astrobiology. Improvements were not limited to astrobiology knowledge. Assessments revealed that students developed confidence in science writing as well as reading and understanding astrobiology primary literature. Overall, student knowledge of and attitudes toward astrobiological research dramatically increased during this course, which demonstrates the ongoing need for additional astrobiology education programs as well as periodic evaluations of those programs currently underway. Together, these approaches serve to improve the overall learning experiences and perceptions of future astrobiology researchers.

Foster, Jamie S.; Drew, Jennifer C.

2009-04-01

138

Hypothetical Biotechnology Companies: A Role-Playing Student Centered Activity for Undergraduate Science Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science students leaving undergraduate programs are entering the biotechnology industry where they are presented with issues which require integration of science content. Students find this difficult as through-out their studies, most content is limited to a single subdiscipline (e.g., biochemistry, immunology). In addition, students need…

Chuck, Jo-Anne

2011-01-01

139

Use of Web-Based Student Extension Publications to Improve Undergraduate Student Writing Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increased opportunities for undergraduate students in agricultural and natural resource disciplines to write for diverse audiences besides their instructor may increase motivation to write and improve student writing skills. The objectives of this teaching research were to determine and compare the initial writing experience of students enrolled…

Motavalli, P. P.; Patton, M. D.; Miles, R. J.

2007-01-01

140

Using Student Learning and Development Outcomes to Evaluate a First-Year Undergraduate Group Video Project  

PubMed Central

Students in an interdisciplinary undergraduate introductory course were required to complete a group video project focused on nutrition and healthy eating. A mixed-methods approach to data collection involved observing and rating video footage of group work sessions and individual and focus group interviews. These data were analyzed and used to evaluate the effectiveness of the assignment in light of two student learning outcomes and two student development outcomes at the University of Minnesota. Positive results support the continued inclusion of the project within the course, and recommend the assignment to other programs as a viable means of promoting both content learning and affective behavioral objectives.

Jensen, Murray; Mattheis, Allison; Johnson, Brady

2012-01-01

141

European Core Curriculum in Cariology for undergraduate dental students.  

PubMed

As dental caries prevalence is still high in many populations and groups of both children and adults worldwide, and as caries continues to be responsible for significant health, social and economic impacts, there is an urgent need for dental students to receive a systematic education in cariology based upon current best evidence. Although European curriculum guidelines for undergraduate students have been prepared in other dental fields over the last decade, none exist for cariology. Thus the European Organisation for Caries Research (ORCA) formed a task force to work with the Association of Dental Education in Europe (ADEE) on a European Core Curriculum in Cariology. In 2010, a workshop to develop such a curriculum was organised in Berlin, Germany, with 75 participants from 24 European and 3 North/South American countries. The Curriculum was debated by five pre-identified working groups: I The Knowledge Base; II Risk Assessment, Diagnosis and Synthesis; III Decision-Making and Preventive Non-surgical Therapy; IV Decision-making and Surgical Therapy; and V Evidence-based Cariology in Clinical and Public Health Practice and then finalised jointly by the group chairs. According to this Curriculum, on graduation, a dentist must be competent at applying knowledge and understanding of the biological, medical, basic and applied clinical sciences in order to recognise caries and make decisions about its prevention and management in individuals and populations. This document, which presents several major and numerous supporting competences, does not confine itself to dental caries alone, but refers also to dental erosion/non-erosive wear and other dental hard tissue disorders. PMID:22023541

Schulte, A G; Pitts, N B; Huysmans, M C D N J M; Splieth, C; Buchalla, W

2011-11-01

142

Measuring Hong Kong Undergraduate Students’ Attitudes Towards Transpeople  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hill and Willoughby’s (Sex Roles, 53:531–544, 2005) Genderism and Transphobia Scale (GTS), originally developed in Canada, was examined with a Hong Kong sample. Undergraduate\\u000a students, 82 female and 121 male (total n?=?203), completed a Chinese version of the instrument. Overall scores and factor structure of the Hong Kong sample were compared\\u000a with Hill and Willoughby’s Canadian data. Gender differences in

Sam Winter; Beverley Webster; Pui Kei Eleanor Cheung

2008-01-01

143

Undergraduate chemistry students' conceptions of atomic structure, molecular structure and chemical bonding  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The process of chemical education should facilitate students' construction of meaningful conceptual structures about the concepts and processes of chemistry. It is evident, however, that students at all levels possess concepts that are inconsistent with currently accepted scientific views. The purpose of this study was to examine undergraduate chemistry students' conceptions of atomic structure, chemical bonding and molecular structure. A diagnostic instrument to evaluate students' conceptions of atomic and molecular structure was developed by the researcher. The instrument incorporated multiple-choice items and reasoned explanations based upon relevant literature and a categorical summarization of student responses (Treagust, 1988, 1995). A covalent bonding and molecular structure diagnostic instrument developed by Peterson and Treagust (1989) was also employed. The ex post facto portion of the study examined the conceptual understanding of undergraduate chemistry students using descriptive statistics to summarize the results obtained from the diagnostic instruments. In addition to the descriptive portion of the study, a total score for each student was calculated based on the combination of correct and incorrect choices made for each item. A comparison of scores obtained on the diagnostic instruments by the upper and lower classes of undergraduate students was made using a t-Test. This study also examined an axiomatic assumption that an understanding of atomic structure is important in understanding bonding and molecular structure. A Pearson Correlation Coefficient, ?, was calculated to provide a measure of the strength of this association. Additionally, this study gathered information regarding expectations of undergraduate chemistry students' understanding held by the chemical community. Two questionnaires were developed with items based upon the propositional knowledge statements used in the development of the diagnostic instruments. Subgroups of items from the questionnaires were formed from the combination of items found to measure different aspects of a specific topic area using a reliability analysis. Average scores for the subgroups were compared to results obtained by students on the diagnostic instrument targeting the same topic area. There were no significant differences of the scores on both of the diagnostic instruments between the levels of undergraduate chemistry students. There were, however, significant differences on certain items of the diagnostic instruments between upper and lower class students. Additionally, misconceptions were identified within all levels of these undergraduate students that corresponded to previous results reported in the literature. A significant relationship was found to exist between the scores obtained on the two diagnostic instruments, as well as strong correlations between specific items and the total scores of the instruments. Response to the expectations questionnaires revealed no differences between the chemical industry and chemical academia, but did provide information concerning the chemical community's expectations of undergraduate chemistry students. Results indicate that undergraduate students majoring in chemistry have conceptions that are inconsistent with currently accepted scientific views. The findings also support the hypothesis that an understanding of the general structure of the atom and the roles played by electrons in molecular bonding and structure is important to an understanding of chemical properties and behavior.

Campbell, Erin Roberts

144

Jordanian undergraduate nursing students' perceptions of effective clinical teachers.  

PubMed

Clinical teaching is a dynamic process that occurs in a variety of sociocultural contexts. The quality of student-teacher interaction in the clinical field can either facilitate or hinder the students' learning in the clinical area. This paper presents the results of a study to explore Jordanian undergraduate nursing students' perceptions of effective clinical teacher characteristics. The results showed that overall, the nursing students rated the professional competence of the clinical teacher as the most important characteristic, which when compared to the Western population was different. When male and female nursing students' perceptions were compared, no significant differences were found. However, responses of nursing students from the three academic years differed significantly in that second-year students rated the clinical teachers' relationship with students as most important and fourth-year students rated personal qualities of the clinical teachers as most important. The results were significant in that they were congruent with the students' level of education and most importantly, their cultural beliefs and values about education. PMID:10855143

Nahas, V L; Nour, V; al-Nobani, M

1999-11-01

145

Clinical Integration and How It Affects Student Retention in Undergraduate Athletic Training Programs  

PubMed Central

Context A better understanding of why students leave an undergraduate athletic training education program (ATEP), as well as why they persist, is critical in determining the future membership of our profession. Objective To better understand how clinical experiences affect student retention in undergraduate ATEPs. Design Survey-based research using a quantitative and qualitative mixed-methods approach. Setting Three-year undergraduate ATEPs across District 4 of the National Athletic Trainers' Association. Patients or Other Participants Seventy-one persistent students and 23 students who left the ATEP prematurely. Data Collection and Analysis Data were collected using a modified version of the Athletic Training Education Program Student Retention Questionnaire. Multivariate analysis of variance was performed on the quantitative data, followed by a univariate analysis of variance on any significant findings. The qualitative data were analyzed through inductive content analysis. Results A difference was identified between the persister and dropout groups (Pillai trace = 0.42, F1,92 = 12.95, P = .01). The follow-up analysis of variance revealed that the persister and dropout groups differed on the anticipatory factors (F1,92 = 4.29, P = .04), clinical integration (F1,92 = 6.99, P = .01), and motivation (F1,92 = 43.12, P = .01) scales. Several themes emerged in the qualitative data, including networks of support, authentic experiential learning, role identity, time commitment, and major or career change. Conclusions A perceived difference exists in how athletic training students are integrated into their clinical experiences between those students who leave an ATEP and those who stay. Educators may improve retention by emphasizing authentic experiential learning opportunities rather than hours worked, by allowing students to take on more responsibility, and by facilitating networks of support within clinical education experiences.

Young, Allison; Klossner, Joanne; Docherty, Carrie L; Dodge, Thomas M; Mensch, James M

2013-01-01

146

Deficiency areas in decision making in undergraduate medical students  

PubMed Central

Background In family medicine, decisions can be difficult due to the early presentation of often poorly developed symptoms or the presentation of undifferentiated conditions that require competencies unique to family medicine, such as; primary care management, specific problem-solving skills, and a comprehensive and holistic approach to be taught to medical students. Purpose The aim of this study was to assess the decision-making process covering all theoretical aspects of family practice consultation and to recognize possible areas of deficiency in undergraduate medical students. Materials and methods This was a cross-sectional, observational study performed at the Medical School of the University of Maribor in Slovenia. The study population consisted of 159 fourth-year medical students attending a family medicine class. The main outcome measure was the scores of the students’ written reports on solving the virtual clinical case. An assessment tool consisted of ten items that could be graded on a 5-point Likert scale. Results The final sample consisted of 147 (92.5%) student reports. There were 95 (64.6%) female students in the sample. The mean total score on the assessment scale was 35.1±7.0 points of a maximum 50 points. Students scored higher in the initial assessment items and lower in the patient education/involvement items. Female students scored significantly higher in terms of total assessment score and in terms of initial assessment and patient education/involvement. Conclusion Undergraduate medical education should devote more time to teaching a comprehensive approach to consultation, especially modification of the health behavior of patients and opportunistic health promotion to patients. Possible sex differences in students’ performance should be further evaluated.

Klemenc-Ketis, Zalika; Kersnik, Janko

2014-01-01

147

Want to Improve Undergraduate Thesis Writing? Engage Students and Their Faculty Readers in Scientific Peer Review  

PubMed Central

One of the best opportunities that undergraduates have to learn to write like a scientist is to write a thesis after participating in faculty-mentored undergraduate research. But developing writing skills doesn't happen automatically, and there are significant challenges associated with offering writing courses and with individualized mentoring. We present a hybrid model in which students have the structural support of a course plus the personalized benefits of working one-on-one with faculty. To optimize these one-on-one interactions, the course uses BioTAP, the Biology Thesis Assessment Protocol, to structure engagement in scientific peer review. By assessing theses written by students who took this course and comparable students who did not, we found that our approach not only improved student writing but also helped faculty members across the department—not only those teaching the course—to work more effectively and efficiently with student writers. Students who enrolled in this course were more likely to earn highest honors than students who only worked one-on-one with faculty. Further, students in the course scored significantly better on all higher-order writing and critical-thinking skills assessed.

Reynolds, Julie A.; Thompson, Robert J.

2011-01-01

148

Health Perceptions, Self and Body Image, Physical Activity and Nutrition among Undergraduate Students in Israel  

PubMed Central

Purpose This study examines health perceptions, self and body image, physical exercise and nutrition among undergraduate students. Methods A structured, self-reported questionnaire was administered to more than 1500 students at a large academic institute in Israel. The study population was heterogenic in both gender and fields of academic study. Results High correlations between health perceptions, appropriate nutrition, and positive self and body image were found. The relationships between these variables differed between the subpopulation in the sample and the different genders. Engagement in physical exercise contributed to positive body image and positive health perceptions more than engagement in healthy nutrition. Nutrition students reported higher frequencies of positive health perceptions, positive self and body image and higher engagement in physical exercise in comparison to all other students in the sample. Conclusions This study suggests, as have many before, that successful health promotion policy should reflect a collectivist rather than an individualist ethos by providing health prerequisites through a public policy of health-promotion, where the academic settings support a healthy lifestyle policy, by increasing availability of a healthy, nutritious and varied menu in the cafeterias, and offering students various activities that enhance healthy eating and exercise. Implications and contribution This study examined health perceptions, self-image, physical exercise and nutrition among undergraduate students and found high correlations between these topics. Nutrition students reported higher frequencies of positive health perceptions, and positive self and body image and engaged more in physical exercise when compared with all other students in the sample.

Korn, Liat; Gonen, Ester; Shaked, Yael; Golan, Moria

2013-01-01

149

Home environmental hazard education for undergraduate and prelicensure nursing students.  

PubMed

This paper presents a Healthy Homes education module for undergraduate and prelicensure nursing students. The education module, which is based on the National Center for Healthy Housing's framework for Healthy Homes, was developed, implemented, and evaluated in three phases. Phase 1 included nine Web-based recorded lectures on the Healthy Homes principles and on home assessment and referral. In the next phase, a Healthy Homes clinical laboratory simulation (home visit scenario and four rooms of an apartment) was created. Phase 3 involved piloting home visits by students who, under the supervision of a clinical instructor, conducted Healthy Homes assessments of clients living in two low-income subsidized housing sites. Using a pretest-posttest format, students' knowledge of Healthy Homes concepts significantly increased after completing the Phase 1 Web-based lectures. Student evaluations, which were collected after each phase, were consistently positive. PMID:22909044

Polivka, Barbara J; Chaudry, Rosemary Valedes; Mac Crawford, J

2012-10-01

150

Describing Changes in Undergraduate Students' Preconceptions of Research Activities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research has shown that students bring naïve scientific conceptions to learning situations which are often incongruous with accepted scientific explanations. These preconceptions are frequently determined to be misconceptions; consequentially instructors spend time to remedy these beliefs and bring students' understanding of scientific concepts to acceptable levels. It is reasonable to assume that students also maintain preconceptions about the processes of authentic scientific research and its associated activities. This study describes the most commonly held preconceptions of authentic research activities among students with little or no previous research experience. Seventeen undergraduate science majors who participated in a ten week research program discussed, at various times during the program, their preconceptions of research and how these ideas changed as a result of direct participation in authentic research activities. The preconceptions included the belief that authentic research is a solitary activity which most closely resembles the type of activity associated with laboratory courses in the undergraduate curriculum. Participants' views showed slight maturation over the research program; they came to understand that authentic research is a detail-oriented activity which is rarely successfully completed alone. These findings and their implications for the teaching and research communities are discussed in the article.

Cartrette, David P.; Melroe-Lehrman, Bethany M.

2012-12-01

151

Designing Undergraduate Research Experiences for Nontraditional Student Learning at Sea  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

NOTE: This is a large file, 7.6 mb in size! The University of Washington, Tacoma (UWT) serves a large nontraditional student population. This article describes how nontraditional student learning in environmental sciences is especially enriched by access to unique hands-on field experiences that foster a sense of scientific ownership. The environmental science curriculum at UWT is based on an experiential learning model that enhances undergraduate education by involving students in ongoing research projects that extend beyond the classroom into the broader scientific community. During the summers of 2001 and 2002, undergraduate students from UWT participated in two very different marine research courses designed by environmental science faculty. By comparing these two course designs, the authors identified two primary issues of importance when setting up a field research program at sea. First, learning outcomes are dependent on the platform chosen for the research cruise, and thus the vessel to be used must be considered when designing a curricular model. Second, planning and implementation considerations need to be addressed regardless of the platform chosen.

Gawel, James; Greengrove, Cheryl

2005-01-01

152

Preparation and participation of undergraduate students to inform culturally sensitive research.  

PubMed

Most student work as research assistants occurs at the graduate level of nursing education, and little is known about the role of undergraduate students as research assistants (RAs) in major research projects. Based on our desire to study Mexican American (MA) cancer caregivers, we needed bilingual and bicultural RAs to serve as data collectors with women who spoke Spanish and possessed cultural beliefs that influenced their caregiving. Following successful recruitment, orientation, and mentoring based on Bandura's social learning theory [Bandura, A., 2001. Social learning theory: an agentic perspective. Annual Review of Psychology 52, 1-26] and accepted teaching-learning principles, RAs engaged in various behaviors that facilitated study outcomes. Faculty researchers, RAs, and study participants benefitted greatly from the undergraduate student involvement in this project. This article describes successful student inclusion approaches, ongoing faculty-RA interactions, and lessons learned from the research team experience. Guidelines discussed support the potential for making the undergraduate RA role a useful and unique learning experience. PMID:19111369

Wells, Jo Nell; Cagle, Carolyn Spence

2009-07-01

153

Motivation and Self-Regulation in Online Courses: A Comparative Analysis of Undergraduate and Graduate Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides a comparative analysis of undergraduate and graduate students' academic motivation and self- regulation while learning online. Participants (N = 82) completed a survey that assessed several experiential, motivational, and self-regulatory factors. As hypothesized, graduate students reported higher levels of critical thinking than undergraduates. Moreover, after controlling for experiential differences, logistic regression analyses indicated that graduate student membership

Anthony R. Artino; Jason M. Stephens

154

Going URB@N: Exploring the Impact of Undergraduate Students as Pedagogic Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the impact for students of an institutional scheme designed to involve undergraduate students in pedagogic research. Through Undergraduate Research Bursaries at Northampton, students are funded to work as researchers on pedagogic projects in partnership with academic staff. Drawing on data from a larger longitudinal mixed…

Butcher, John; Maunder, Rachel

2014-01-01

155

Who Goes to University in Kenya? A Study of Social Background of Kenyan Undergraduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social and educational background and the educational and occupational aspirations of undergraduate students in Kenya were studied. The study sample consisted of 232 male and 210 female undergraduate students at Kenyatta University College. A questionnaire was administered to determine: students' characteristics, including sex, age, marital…

Eshiwani, George S.

156

Undergraduate Research Assistantship: A Comparison of Benefits and Costs from Faculty and Students' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conducting and publishing original research under close supervision of a faculty mentor is a valuable experience for undergraduate students regardless of their academic discipline. However, limited space, funding, and resources, along with large numbers of undergraduate students preclude requiring all students to participate in one-on-one research…

Lei, Simon A.; Chuang, Ning-Kuang

2009-01-01

157

Diagnosing alternative conceptions of Fermi energy among undergraduate students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physics education researchers have scientifically established the fact that the understanding of new concepts and interpretation of incoming information are strongly influenced by the preexisting knowledge and beliefs of students, called epistemological beliefs. This can lead to a gap between what students actually learn and what the teacher expects them to learn. In a classroom, as a teacher, it is desirable that one tries to bridge this gap at least on the key concepts of a particular field which is being taught. One such key concept which crops up in statistical physics/solid-state physics courses, and around which the behaviour of materials is described, is Fermi energy (?F). In this paper, we present the results which emerged about misconceptions on Fermi energy in the process of administering a diagnostic tool called the Statistical Physics Concept Survey developed by the authors. It deals with eight themes of basic importance in learning undergraduate solid-state physics and statistical physics. The question items of the tool were put through well-established sequential processes: definition of themes, Delphi study, interview with students, drafting questions, administration, validity and reliability of the tool. The tool was administered to a group of undergraduate students and postgraduate students, in a pre-test and post-test design. In this paper, we have taken one of the themes i.e. Fermi energy of the diagnostic tool for our analysis and discussion. Students’ responses and reasoning comments given during interview were analysed. This analysis helped us to identify prevailing misconceptions/learning gaps among students on this topic. How spreadsheets can be effectively used to remove the identified misconceptions and help appreciate the finer nuances while visualizing the behaviour of the system around Fermi energy, normally sidestepped both by the teachers and learners, is also presented in this paper.

Sharma, Sapna; Ahluwalia, Pardeep Kumar

2012-07-01

158

Diagnostic Tests for Entering and Departing Undergraduate Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A diagnostic test administered at the start of a class should test basic concepts which are recognized as course prerequisites. The questions should not be over-packaged: e.g. students should be required to create models, rather than this being done for them each time. Students should be allowed great latitude in their answers, so we can discover what they are thinking. When administered at the end of a class the goals should be similar: testing concepts taught in the class itself and the retention of necessary concepts from previous classes. Great care has to be taken to avoid teaching to the test. In assessing an entire program, for example an undergraduate majors degree in physics, then one looks for very general skills and knowledge not specific to any one course. The purpose of an undergraduate degree in physics (or indeed any science) is to equip the students with a set of problem-solving skills and basic knowledge which can be applied in a large variety of workplace settings and to allow that student to contribute to civic society as a science-literate person. The creator of any diagnostic test should always have these big goals in mind. We have developed a set of questions which we think fulfill these criteria, yet are not specific to any particular level of science education. They have been administered to students in secondary schools across Canada, incoming first-year science students and final-year physics students at the University of British Columbia. The results will be presented.

Waltham, Chris; Kotlicki, A.

2006-12-01

159

The use of podcasts to enhance research-teaching linkages in undergraduate nursing students.  

PubMed

An understanding of research is important to enable nurses to provide evidence-based care. However, undergraduate nursing students often find research a challenging subject. The purpose of this paper is to present an evaluation of the introduction of podcasts in an undergraduate research module to enhance research-teaching linkages between the theoretical content and research in practice and improve the level of student support offered in a blended learning environment. Two cohorts of students (n=228 and n=233) were given access to a series of 5 "guest speaker" podcasts made up of presentations and interviews with research experts within Edinburgh Napier. These staff would not normally have contact with students on this module, but through the podcasts were able to share their research expertise and methods with our learners. The main positive results of the podcasts suggest the increased understanding achieved by students due to the multi-modal delivery approach, a more personal student/tutor relationship leading to greater engagement, and the effective use of materials for revision and consolidation purposes. Negative effects of the podcasts centred around problems with the technology, most often difficulty in downloading and accessing the material. This paper contributes to the emerging knowledge base of podcasting in nurse education by demonstrating how podcasts can be used to enhance research-teaching linkages and raises the question of why students do not exploit the opportunities for mobile learning. PMID:22321687

Strickland, Karen; Gray, Colin; Hill, Gordon

2012-07-01

160

The Students-Recruiting-Students Undergraduate Engineering Recruiting Programme.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Students-Recruiting-Students (SRS) program developed to recruit high school students into the Industrial Engineering Department at the University of Arkansas. Presents four phases of the program along with seven years of program results. Encourages successful development of similar recruiting programs. (KHR)

Gattis, Carol; Nachtmann, Heather; Youngblood, Alisha D.

2003-01-01

161

Supporting and Evaluating Transitional Learning for International University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2007, as part of its response to the continuing diversification of students, Central Queensland University introduced a for-credit undergraduate course, "The Principles of University Learning", focusing on "learning to learn" in the Australian university context. The aim was to support the transition of learners with diverse prior learning…

Owens, Alison

2011-01-01

162

Minority Student Support Programs: Scholarships, Fellowships, and Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is a listing of minority student support programs for higher education including scholarships, fellowships, grants, summer programs and work experiences. Programs are organized into seven sections as follows: (1) volunteer programs (7 agencies listed); (2) pre-college programs (10 listings); (3) undergraduate programs (62…

Gill, Wanda E.

163

Threshold Concepts as Focal Points for Supporting Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Plant Sciences Pedagogy Project conducted research into undergraduate teaching and learning in the Department of Plant Sciences at the University of Cambridge and has translated the research findings into interventions to improve support for student learning. A key research objective for the project was to investigate how teachers within the…

Jordan, Katy; Tracy, Frances; Johnstone, Keith

2011-01-01

164

Atom trapping laboratory for upper level undergraduate students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present an overview of experiments covered in two semester-length laboratory courses dedicated to laser spectroscopy and atom trapping. These courses constitute a powerful approach for teaching experimental physics in a manner that is both contemporary and capable of providing the background and skills relevant to a variety of research laboratories. The courses are designed to be accessible for all undergraduate streams in physics and applied physics as well as incoming graduate students. In the introductory course, students carry out several experiments in atomic and laser physics. In a follow up course, students trap atoms in a magneto-optical trap and carry out preliminary investigations of the properties of laser cooled atoms based on the expertise acquired in the first course. We discuss details of experiments, impact, possible course formats, budgetary requirements, and challenges related to long-term maintenance. The experiments described here have operated reliably for over five years.

Mok, C.; Winter, S.; Beica, H.; Barrett, B.; Berthiaume, R.; Vorozcovs, A.; Yachoua, F.; Afkhami-Jeddi, N.; Marants, R.; Aggarwal, M.; Kumarakrishnan, A.

2012-06-01

165

Teaching Tree-Thinking to Undergraduate Biology Students  

PubMed Central

Evolution is the unifying principle of all biology, and understanding how evolutionary relationships are represented is critical for a complete understanding of evolution. Phylogenetic trees are the most conventional tool for displaying evolutionary relationships, and “tree-thinking” has been coined as a term to describe the ability to conceptualize evolutionary relationships. Students often lack tree-thinking skills, and developing those skills should be a priority of biology curricula. Many common student misconceptions have been described, and a successful instructor needs a suite of tools for correcting those misconceptions. I review the literature on teaching tree-thinking to undergraduate students and suggest how this material can be presented within an inquiry-based framework.

2011-01-01

166

Using Argument-Driven Inquiry to Enhance Students' Argument Sophistication When Supporting a Stance in the Context of Socioscientific Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This quasi-experimental study assesses the extent to which the Argument-Driven Inquiry (ADI) instructional model enhances undergraduate students’ abilities to generate quality arguments supporting their stance in the context of a Socioscientific Issue (SSI) as compared to students experiencing a traditional style of instruction. Enhancing the quality of undergraduate students’ arguments in the context of SSI can serve as an indirect

Jonathon Grooms

2011-01-01

167

Engaging Undergraduate Students in Transiting Exoplanet Research with Small Telescopes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Brigham Young University has a relatively large undergraduate physics program with 300 to 360 physics majors. Each of these students is required to be engaged in a research group and to produce a senior thesis before graduating. For the astronomy professors, this means that each of us is mentoring at least 4-6 undergraduate students at any given time. For the past few years I have been searching for meaningful research projects that make use of our telescope resources and are exciting for both myself and my students. We first started following up Kepler Objects of Interest with our 0.9 meter telescope, but quickly realized that most of the transits we could observe were better analyzed with Kepler data and were false positive objects. So now we have joined a team that is searching for transiting planets, and my students are using our 16" telescope to do ground based follow-up on the hundreds of possible transiting planet candidates produced by this survey. In this presentation I will describe our current telescopes, the observational setup, and how we use our telescopes to search for transiting planets. I'll describe some of the software the students have written. I'll also explain how to use the NASA Exoplanet Archive to gather data on known transiting planets and Kepler Objects of Interests. These databases are useful for determining the observational limits of your small telescopes and teaching your students how to reduce and report data on transiting planets. Once that is in place, you are potentially ready to join existing transiting planet missions by doing ground-based follow-up. I will explain how easy it can be to implement this type of research at any high school, college, or university with a small telescope and CCD camera.

Stephens, Denise C.; Stoker, E.; Gaillard, C.; Ranquist, E.; Lara, P.; Wright, K.

2013-10-01

168

Adult Undergraduate Students: How Do They Define Success?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored how adult students define success in college and their perceptions of factors that either support or hinder achievement of this success. Thirteen returning adult students at two institutions were interviewed using a grounded theory approach. Data were analyzed inductively and iteratively to identify persistent themes. Students

Donaldson, Joe F.; Graham, Steven W.; Martindill, William; Long, Shawna; Bradley, Shane

169

Supporting a Diverse Community of Undergraduate Researchers in Satellite and Ground-Based Remote Sensing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. remains in grave danger of losing its global competitive edge in STEM. To find solutions to this problem, the Obama Administration proposed two new national initiatives: the Educate to Innovate Initiative and the $100 million government/private industry initiative to train 100,000 STEM teachers and graduate 1 million additional STEM students over the next decade. To assist in ameliorating the national STEM plight, the New York City College of Technology has designed its NSF Research Experience for Undergraduate (REU) program in satellite and ground-based remote sensing to target underrepresented minority students. Since the inception of the program in 2008, a total of 45 undergraduate students of which 38 (84%) are considered underrepresented minorities in STEM have finished or are continuing with their research or are pursuing their STEM endeavors. The program is comprised of the three primary components. The first component, Structured Learning Environments: Preparation and Mentorship, provides the REU Scholars with the skill sets necessary for proficiency in satellite and ground-based remote sensing research. The students are offered mini-courses in Geographic Information Systems, MATLAB, and Remote Sensing. They also participate in workshops on the Ethics of Research. Each REU student is a member of a team that consists of faculty mentors, post doctorate/graduate students, and high school students. The second component, Student Support and Safety Nets, provides undergraduates a learning environment that supports them in becoming successful researchers. Special networking and Brown Bag sessions, and an annual picnic with research scientists are organized so that REU Scholars are provided with opportunities to expand their professional community. Graduate school support is provided by offering free Graduate Record Examination preparation courses and workshops on the graduate school application process. Additionally, students are supported by college counselors. Many of the students are first generation college students who often face issues that can impede their academic progress. The last component, Vision and Impetus for Advancement, allows REU Scholars to see themselves as STEM scientists and workforce professionals. Exposure trips provide students with an opportunity to meet scientists working in industry. Additionally, the students also present their research and participate at local, regional, and national conferences. Furthermore, since many of the students were never given the chance to visit STEM-focused industries and conferences. The program, therefore, helps to broaden their STEM experience. Of the 38 REU Scholars, 16%(6) of them are in graduate school in the STEM disciplines, 21%(8) of them have graduated and are in the STEM workforce, and 63%(24) of them continue to pursue their STEM degrees. Three of the students have won first place recognition for their research, and two of the students will be co-authors for two peer-review publications and one book chapter. Additionally, survey results show that 84% of the student participants now indicate interest in pursuing Master's degrees in STEM and 75% indicate interest in pursuing doctoral degrees in STEM. This program is supported by NSF REU grant #1062934.

Blake, R.; Liou-Mark, J.

2012-12-01

170

Psychosocial Factors That Predict the College Adjustment of First-Year Undergraduate Students: Implications for College Counselors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes psychosocial factors that predicted college adjustment of first-year undergraduate students on the basis of studies conducted in two universities of differing size, focus, and geographic location. Academic self-confidence, positive attitudes toward the university, and faculty and peer support significantly predicted more successful…

Martin, William E., Jr.; Swartz-Kulstad, Jody L.; Madson, Michael

1999-01-01

171

Supporting First Generation College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seeking to help support first generation college students (FGCS), the University of Kentucky (UK) has developed new programming and initiatives in recent years aimed at enhancing institutional support for this student group. Among these efforts was the launch in 2009 of the First Scholars program at UK, a project funded by and affiliated with the Suder Foundation, which currently funds

Kelli Hutchens; Matthew Deffendall; Michael Peabody

2011-01-01

172

Undergraduate engineering student experiences: Comparing sex, gender and switcher status  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation explores undergraduate engineering experiences, comparing men with women and switchers with non-switchers. Factors related to a chilly academic climate and gender-role socialization are hypothesized to contribute to variations in men's and women's academic experiences and persistence rates. Both quantitative and qualitative data are utilized in an effort to triangulate the findings. Secondary survey data, acquired as result of a 1992 Academic Environment Survey, were utilized to test the hypothesis that sex is the most important predictor (i.e., demographic variable) of perceptions of academic climate. Regression analyses show that sex by itself is not always a significant determinant. However, when sex and college (engineering vs. other) are combined into dummy variables, they are statistically significant in models where sex was not significant alone. This finding indicates that looking at sex differences alone may be too simplistic. Thirty personal interviews were conducted with a random stratified sample of undergraduate students from the 1993 engineering cohort. The interview data indicate that differences in childhood socialization are important. With regard to persistence, differences in socialization are greater for switchers vs. non-switchers than men vs. women. Thus, gender-role socialization does not appear to play as prominent a role in women's persistence as past literature would indicate. This may be due to the self-selection process that occurs among women who choose to pursue engineering. Other aspects of childhood socialization such as parents' level of educational and occupation, students' high school academic preparation and knowledge of what to expect of college classes appear to be more important. In addition, there is evidence that, for women, male siblings play an important role in socialization. There is also evidence that women engineering students at Midwestern University face a chilly academic climate. The factors which appear to contribute the most to an inhospitable atmosphere include subtle behaviors on the part of faculty and administrators and blatant sexist, derogatory and hostile comments and jokes on the part of male undergraduate students. Personal interview data indicate continued resistance among some male administrators, faculty and students to women pursuing majors in engineering.

Fergen, Brenda Sue

173

Undergraduate Students' Conceptions of Natural and Anthropogenic Climate Change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientists and educators strive to improve climate literacy throughout society, whether through communication of research findings or though classroom teaching. Despite these efforts, climate change misconceptions exist in students and the general public. When educators present evidence that contradicts misconceptions, students may begin to struggle with their inaccurate ideas and perhaps transition towards a scientifically-accepted understanding. These transitions, called conceptual change, can occur in college climate change courses. The purpose of this presentation is to describe college students' ideas of natural and anthropogenic climate change and the way these ideas change throughout a climate change course. This presentation is based on five case studies of undergraduate students in a large lecture-hall course dedicated to climate change. Each case study student represents a different level of climate change understanding at the beginning of the semester. These case studies and subsequent cross-case analyses result from a qualitative research study using interviews, field notes, artifact analysis, coding and categorization, and research memos. The cases show shifts in all five students' ideas of natural and anthropogenic climate change. During the first month of class, the three lower achieving students expressed uncertainty about the increase in average global temperatures due to anthropogenic climate change. At the end of the semester, these students explained that warming from climate change is natural, yet the rate of this warming is increasing due to human activities. Two of the lower achieving students constructed definitions of climate change different than the definition used by the professor in the classroom. These students solidified the idea that the term "climate change" describes the change that results from natural forcings only, while the term "global warming" describes change in the climate that results from human-caused forcings. Their constructed definition removes human-causes from association with the word "climate change", which may influence their climate change understanding. Of the two higher achieving students, one emphasized anthropogenic climate change at the beginning of the semester, but later focused on natural climate change during his interviews. The other high achieving student included tangential environmental topics in her descriptions of climate change throughout the entire semester, thus conflating climate change's definition. These alternative definitions of climate change indicate that the learners constructed hybrid conceptions in order to incorporate class content with their prior ideas. These hybrid conceptions indicate that the students' understandings lie somewhere between misconceptions and conceptual change. Since the students demonstrated these hybrid conceptions at the end of class, perhaps more time is needed for the students to process the information. These case studies identify the gaps the professor should address for conceptual change to fully occur.

Trenbath, K. L.

2011-12-01

174

Students Support Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how Oregon State University was able to implement an effective facility stewardship plan for its Student Union building. Details how previous plans did not allocate enough money for renewal and maintenance and how administrators worked with students, state funding agencies, and federal programs to renovate and maintain the structure.…

Adams, Matthew C.

1997-01-01

175

The effect of a nontraditional undergraduate science course on teacher and student performance in elementary science teaching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the differential effects of experiences in nontraditional and traditional undergraduate science courses on the science teaching and learning of undergraduate education majors, elementary classroom teachers, and students. The ability for teachers to demonstrate knowledge through inquiry, critical analysis, and synthesis of the subject is clearly articulated as a requirement in the National Science Education Standards (National Research Council, 1996) and the National Accreditation of Teacher Education (2000). To meet this goal, science instruction in higher education requires reform to effectively prepare elementary undergraduate education majors in science content. The research study included a sample of 264 participants from a single university that represented undergraduate education majors, college science instructors, elementary classroom teachers, and elementary classroom students. Short term and long term learning outcomes of undergraduate education majors and classroom teachers were evaluated for the effect of experiences in a nontraditional college science course. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected through questionnaires, standardized tests, surveys, oral and written interviews, and observations of undergraduate and elementary science lessons. A triangulation of the data results revealed that modeling, active engagement, project-based activities, and cooperative learning positively affected undergraduate education majors' science teaching efficacy, science content mastery, and elementary teacher performance in science classroom instruction. Standardized test scores revealed higher achievement in science among elementary students of teachers experienced in a nontraditional science course than students of teachers experienced only in traditional learning environments. The results of this study support the call for reform in college science teaching. The standards based context in which science content was delivered resulted in the development of scientific literacy among education majors, elementary teachers, and students in elementary classrooms.

Staples, Kimberly Ardena

176

Critical-Thinking Predisposition Among Undergraduate Athletic Training Students  

PubMed Central

Objective: To investigate the tendency of undergraduate athletic training students to think critically, to assess their likelihood of using specific components of critical thinking, and to study the effect of selected demographic and educational variables on critical-thinking tendencies in this sample of students. Design and Setting: Data were collected before regularly scheduled athletic training classes at the beginning of the spring semester. Subjects: Ninety-one students enrolled in 3 Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs-accredited undergraduate athletic training education programs in the southeast. The subjects ranged in age from 19 to 29 years (mean age = 22.33 ± 1.94). Forty-six (50.5%) of the subjects were men and 45 (49.5%) were women. Measurements: The California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory contains 75 Likert-type items assessing 7 components of critical thinking: truth seeking, open mindedness, analyticity, systematicity, inquisitiveness, cognitive maturity, and critical-thinking self-confidence. Results: The overall mean indicated a general but mild trend toward critical thinking, with weak scores on the truth-seeking subscale. One-way analysis of variance reflected significant differences among the schools for truth seeking, open mindedness, and maturity subscales and for the overall mean score for the entire inventory. Only the open-mindedness difference persisted between 2 of the schools after post hoc testing. Correlation analyses indicated no significant relationship between total score and age, sex, ethnicity, year in athletic training program, cumulative grade point average, completed semester hours, or clinical-experience hours. Conclusions: Athletic training students are inclined toward critical thinking, but this tendency is relatively weak. Classroom and clinical instructors should use teaching methods and techniques that facilitate the components of critical thinking. The promotion of critical thinking and critical-thinking skills has implications for athletic training education and the advancement of certified athletic trainers and the profession of athletic training.

Leaver-Dunn, Deidre; Harrelson, Gary L.; Martin, Malissa; Wyatt, Tom

2002-01-01

177

Creating the Cosmopolitan US Undergraduate: Study Abroad and an Emergent Global Student Profile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduates in the USA bring to college a wide array of backgrounds, resources, and supports that make it more or less likely that they will participate in study abroad during their undergraduate career. This study investigates the experiences of undergraduates who have studied abroad, as well as the elements that facilitate the study abroad…

Mazon, Brad K.

2009-01-01

178

A New Model for Transitioning Students from the Undergraduate Teaching Laboratory to the Research Laboratory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transformation of 346 chemistry courses into a training experience that could provide undergraduate students with a skill set essential for a research-based chemistry career is presented. The course has an innovative structure that connects undergraduate students with graduate research labs at the semester midpoint and also includes new,…

Hollenbeck, Jessica J.; Wixson, Emily N.; Geske, Grant D.; Dodge, Matthew W.; Tseng, T. Andrew; Clauss, Allen D.; Blackwell, Helen E.

2006-01-01

179

It's Not the Done Thing: Social Norms Governing Students' Passive Behaviour in Undergraduate Mathematics Lectures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students often play a passive role in large-scale lectures in undergraduate mathematics courses: they observe the lecturer demonstrate mathematical procedures, but they rarely engage in authentic mathematical activity themselves. This study uses semi-structured interviews of undergraduate students to investigate the implicit and explicit social…

Yoon, Caroline; Kensington-Miller, Barbara; Sneddon, Jamie; Bartholomew, Hannah

2011-01-01

180

Changing Perceptions of Science in Undergraduate Students: A Mixed Methods Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this bounded single-case study was to explore the understanding of the nature and process of science for undergraduate students at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL). The study investigated one professor's methodology to explicitly teach undergraduate students about the nature and process of science, and documented their…

Larson-Miller, Cindy S.

2011-01-01

181

Undergraduate Students' Preference for Distance Education by Field of Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigates the relationship between students' field of study and their preference for distance education. For this research, data were used from the National Postsecondary Student Aid Study: Undergraduate, which uses a complex survey design to collect data from a nationally representative sample of undergraduate postsecondary…

Pontes, Manuel C. F.; Pontes, Nancy M. H.

2013-01-01

182

The ECAR Study of Undergraduate Students and Information Technology, 2010. Key Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the key findings from "The ECAR Study of Undergraduate Students and Information Technology, 2010". Since 2004, the annual ECAR (EDUCAUSE Center for Applied Research) study of undergraduate students and information technology has sought to shed light on how information technology affects the college experience. We ask…

Smith, Shannon D.; Caruso, Judith Borreson

2010-01-01

183

Prevalence and Effects of Life Event Exposure among Undergraduate and Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to assess lifetime and recent exposure to various life events among undergraduate and community college students and to assess the relation between event exposure and a broad range of outcomes (i.e., mental and physical health, life satisfaction, grade point average). Undergraduate students from a midwestern…

Anders, Samantha L.; Frazier, Patricia A.; Shallcross, Sandra L.

2012-01-01

184

Entrepreneurial Intentions of University Students: A Study of Design Undergraduates in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an analysis of the entrepreneurial intentions of university undergraduate students, with particular regard to those studying design. Attitudinal, social and capabilities variables are analysed in order to determine the profile of an entrepreneur. Using a sample of 521 undergraduate students, the findings show that design…

Ubierna, Francisco; Arranz, Nieves; Fdez de Arroyabe, J. C.

2014-01-01

185

MOTIVATION ,I NTEREST ,A ND POSITIVE AFFECT IN TRADITIONAL AND NONTRADITIONAL UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compares affective and motivational components of academic life for traditional and nontraditional university undergraduates. Traditional students are defined as those aged 21 and younger, who are most likely to have followed an unbroken linear path through the edu- cation system, whereas nontraditional students are defined as those aged 28 and older, for whom the undergraduate experience is not

DOROTHEA BYE; DOLORES PUSHKAR; MICHAEL CONWAY

186

Role of the Undergraduate Student Research Assistant in the New Millennium  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we analyze the contribution of the undergraduate student who participates in the process of generating scientific data and developing a research project using Brazilian research as an example. Historically, undergraduate students have performed the critical role of research assistants in developing countries. This aspect has been underappreciated as a means of generating scientific data in Brazilian research

T. D. N. Silva; L. C. da Cunha Aguiar; J. Leta; D. O. Santos; F. S. Cardoso; L. M. Cabral; C. R. Rodrigues; H. C. Castro

2004-01-01

187

Perceptions of nursing undergraduate students concerning the human dimension in the learning process  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to identify and interpret the perceptions presented by undergraduate students of a Nursing course after internship in Mental Health. Twelve nursing undergraduate students at the Nursing School of ABC Foundation - Santo André, São Paulo, Brazil were interviewed. These interviews using a semi-structure script were performed and recorded in August 2004. Through Content Analysis, thematic modality, four

Simone de Oliveira Camillo; Ana Lúcia da Silva; Alan Jefferson do Nascimento

2007-01-01

188

Profile of Undergraduate Students: 2007-08. Web Tables. NCES 2010-205  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These tables provide comprehensive information on undergraduates who were enrolled in U.S. postsecondary institutions during the 2007-08 academic year. Estimates for enrolled students are presented by attendance status, degree program, undergraduate major, average grades, student characteristics, financial aid status and credit card debt, work,…

Staklis, Sandra

2010-01-01

189

Development and Evaluation of a Series of CAL Modules on Cell Biology for Undergraduate Nursing Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project at the University of Nottingham (United Kingdom) that developed and evaluated modules for computer assisted instruction to teach cell biology to undergraduate nursing students. Topics include instructional effectiveness, feedback, and student attitudes. (LRW)

Wharrad, Heather; Kent, Christine; Allcock, Nick; Wood, Barry

2000-01-01

190

Library Use and Undergraduate Student Outcomes: New Evidence for Students' Retention and Academic Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic libraries, like other university departments, are being asked to demonstrate their value to the institution. This study discusses the impact library usage has on the retention and academic success of first-time, first-year undergraduate students at a large, public research university. Usage statistics were gathered at the University of…

Soria, Krista M.; Fransen, Jan; Nackerud, Shane

2013-01-01

191

Supporting Special Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many secondary science teachers feel overwhelmed by directives to adapt curriculum and instruction for students with special needs. So, how can science teachers juggle their familiar responsibilities as well as the new skills needed in today's diverse cla

Conn, Kathleen

2001-03-01

192

Research Opportunities for Undergraduate Students at Storm Peak Laboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

GRASP (Geoscience Research at Storm Peak) is a program providing field research experiences for a diverse group of undergraduate students. GRASP is funded by the National Science Foundation. Its mission is to recruit students from underrepresented groups within the geoscience community allowing students to work and live at the Storm Peak Laboratory (SPL). Data previously collected at the facility forms the basis for continuing research projects that addresses climate change, atmospheric pollution, and cloud formation. Prior to arriving at SPL, students travel to the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) to learn about supercomputing, mathematical modeling, and scientific visualization. GRASP participants met at the campus of Howard University for a reunion workshop and presented their results in November 2008. This poster illustrates the given task and methods used to analyze an increased concentration of organic carbon detected between April 4 and 5, 2008 at SPL located at the summit of Mt. Warner in Steamboat Springs, Colorado at an elevation of 3,202 meters.

Vargas, W.; Hallar, G.

2009-12-01

193

Linking theory to practice in an undergraduate veterinary curriculum: students' perspectives.  

PubMed

Facilitated clinical relevance (FCR) at the University of Nottingham School of Veterinary Medicine and Science is a small-group educational model that promotes student-centered learning. The objectives of this study were: (1) to examine students' opinions of FCR as a learning approach compared with other teaching methods; and (2) to establish if gender, year of study, or prior exposure to FCR were predictors of attitude. Questionnaires were distributed to undergraduate veterinary students (N = 185) in the first and second year of study. Students' opinions were assessed by noting their degree of agreement with seven statements using a seven-point Likert-type scale. A total of 162 students (87.6%) completed the survey instrument. The findings indicate that FCR is highly valued among the students. The majority of students regarded FCR as directly relevant for clinical preparation because it helps them to integrate pre-clinical and clinical knowledge and skills in veterinary medicine. However, commonly identified challenges were peer dominance, less cooperative facilitators, and coping with the ambiguity of knowledge and reasoning. No significant differences were detected in attitude between students in the tested variables (p > 0.05). However, being in the first year of study, being male, and having prior exposure to FCR was found to predict a negative attitude (p < 0.006). To increase students' satisfaction, effective strategies must be designed and implemented to provide support for struggling individuals. PMID:19861717

Elsheikha, Hany M; Kendall, Nigel R

2009-01-01

194

Interactions of Senior-Level Student Affairs Administrators with Parents of Traditional-Age Undergraduate Students: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to explore the interactions between senior-level student affairs administrators and the parents of traditional-age undergraduate students. Student development theory had little to say about a role for the parents of college students, yet senior-level student affairs administrators who participated in this study…

Winegard, Tanya

2010-01-01

195

Preparing minority undergraduate students for successful science careers.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Xavier University of Louisiana is well known for being number one in graduating the most minority students in physical and biological sciences. The reason for this success is built on the concept of Standards with Sympathy in the Sciences (Triple S). This is an outgrowth of over twenty years of planning and development by the Xavier science faculty to devise a program for preparing and retaining students in the sciences and engineering. Xavier has been successfully conducting for over ten years, Summer Science Academy (SSA) for middle and high school students; Science Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Scholars and Howard Hughes Biomedical programs for in-coming freshmen. Recently, through a grant from NSF, we have developed the Experiential Problem-solving and Analytical Reasoning (EPsAR) summer bridge program for in-coming freshmen who were given conditional admission to the university (i.e., those students who scored below the acceptable range for placement into degree mathematics courses). In this program, EPsAR participants will be engaged in problem-solving and critical thinking activities for eight hours per day, five days per week, for six weeks. Additionally, an interdisciplinary approach is taken to convey the mathematical skills learned to relate to physics, chemistry, biology, and computer science. Sixty-six students have participated in the last two years in the EPsAR program. During the first year 23 of 28 students successfully bi-passed the algebra review course and were placed into a degree credit course in mathematics. In the second year, thirty-one (31) of the 38 were advanced to a higher-level mathematics course. Twenty-three (23) out of 38 went on to degree credit math course. To retain students in the sciences peer tutoring in all the science disciplines are made available to students throughout the day for 5 days per week. Faculty and students are available to give guidance to the needed students. The University has established a Graduate Placement Office and a Center for Undergraduate Research to facilitate students' pursuit of gradate studies. The results of these efforts indicate a 40 percent graduation rate in four years and increased to 90 percent in six years in the natural sciences and 50 percent of these graduates pursue graduate/professional careers.

Akundi, Murty

2008-03-01

196

Using Web-Based Key Character and Classification Instruction for Teaching Undergraduate Students Insect Identification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the study was to determine whether undergraduate students receiving web-based instruction based on traditional, key character, or classification instruction differed in their performance of insect identification tasks. All groups showed a significant improvement in insect identifications on pre- and post-two-dimensional picture specimen quizzes. The study also determined student performance on insect identification tasks was not as good as for family-level identification as compared to broader insect orders and arthropod classification identification tasks. Finally, students erred significantly more by misidentification than misspelling specimen names on prepared specimen quizzes. Results of this study support that short web-based insect identification exercises can improve insect identification performance. Also included is a discussion of how these results can be used in teaching and future research on biological identification.

Golick, Douglas A.; Heng-Moss, Tiffany M.; Steckelberg, Allen L.; Brooks, David. W.; Higley, Leon G.; Fowler, David

2013-08-01

197

Theoretical knowledge in implant dentistry for undergraduate students.  

PubMed

Implant therapy has evolved into an important part of daily dental practice. Appropriate knowledge of diagnostic and therapeutic options with dental implant therapy is, therefore, mandatory for dental students. The present consensus paper describes the theoretical knowledge as a foundation to the teaching of implant dentistry at the undergraduate level. Students need a solid basic knowledge about biological prerequisites and clinical procedures leading to successful implant treatment and, in particular, an understanding of the importance of embedding implants into the overall treatment concept. Among others this includes aspects of bone and soft tissue integration of dental implants, as well as aspects of materials that are used in implant dentistry. The students should also be able to differentiate between low, medium and high-risk situations, which assumes that they have knowledge about a proper clinical examination. Furthermore, the students need to be able to inform the patient about the different treatment options and their advantages and disadvantages. Frequently, a choice has to be made between an FDP anchored on teeth and an implant-borne reconstruction. This is highly influenced by the long-term prognosis of the different treatment options. In order to perform implant placement in uncomplicated cases and to give appropriate patient information, adequate knowledge of surgical procedure and surgical complications is mandatory. Furthermore, the dentist needs to be competent in evaluating clinical situations and in advising patients about the suitability of the different options, e.g. removable or fixed reconstructions. It is possible that peri-implant tissue destruction may be a more common finding during long-term service of implant-borne reconstructions than was previously believed. The dentist needs knowledge about etiology and pathogenesis of peri-implantitis and should know how to provide an effective maintenance care programme. In cases of peri-implantitis the student should be knowledgeable regarding suitable interventions. PMID:19281512

Hicklin, S P; Albrektsson, T; Hämmerle, C H F

2009-02-01

198

Patient safety education for undergraduate medical students: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background To reduce harm caused by health care is a global priority. Medical students should be able to recognize unsafe conditions, systematically report errors and near misses, investigate and improve such systems with a thorough understanding of human fallibility, and disclose errors to patients. Incorporating the knowledge of how to do this into the medical student curriculum is an urgent necessity. This paper aims to systematically review the literature about patient safety education for undergraduate medical students in terms of its content, teaching strategies, faculty availability and resources provided so as to identify evidence on how to promote patient safety in the curriculum for medical schools. This paper includes a perspective from the faculty of a medical school, a major hospital and an Evidence Based Medicine Centre in Sichuan Province, China. Methods We searched MEDLINE, ERIC, Academic Source Premier(ASP), EMBASE and three Chinese Databases (Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, CBM; China National Knowledge Infrastructure, CNKI; Wangfang Data) from 1980 to Dec. 2009. The pre-specified form of inclusion and exclusion criteria were developed for literature screening. The quality of included studies was assessed using Darcy Reed and Gemma Flores-Mateo criteria. Two reviewers selected the studies, undertook quality assessment, and data extraction independently. Differing opinions were resolved by consensus or with help from the third person. Results This was a descriptive study of a total of seven studies that met the selection criteria. There were no relevant Chinese studies to be included. Only one study included patient safety education in the medical curriculum and the remaining studies integrated patient safety into clinical rotations or medical clerkships. Seven studies were of a pre and post study design, of which there was only one controlled study. There was considerable variation in relation to contents, teaching strategies, faculty knowledge and background in patient safety, other resources and outcome evaluation in these reports. The outcomes from including patient safety in the curriculum as measured by medical students' knowledge, skills, and attitudes varied between the studies. Conclusions There are only a few relevant published studies on the inclusion of patient safety education into the undergraduate curriculum in medical schools either as a selective course, a lecture program, or by being integrated into the existing curriculum even in developed countries with advanced health and education systems. The integration of patient safety education into the existing curriculum in medical schools internationally, provides significant challenges.

2011-01-01

199

The key to successful achievement as an undergraduate student: confidence and realistic expectations?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined how expectations of independent study and academic behavioural confidence predicted end-of-semester marks in a sample of undergraduate students. Students’ expectations and academic behavioural confidence were measured near the beginning of the semester, and academic performance was taken from aggregated end-of-semester marks. Results suggested that a realistic expectation of undergraduate study, where the student took responsibility for their

Laura Nicholson; David Putwain; Liz Connors; Pat Hornby-Atkinson

2011-01-01

200

Clinical skills training in undergraduate medical education using a student-centered approach.  

PubMed

This thesis focuses on how to engage students in self-directed learning and in peer-learning activities to improve clinical skills training in undergraduate medical education. The first study examined the clinical skills teaching provided by student teachers compared to that provided by associate professors. This study showed that student teachers performed as good as or even better than associate professors when teaching simple clinical skills. The second study of this thesis examined how complex clinical skills--such as patient management skills--develop with increasing levels of competence. The Reporter-Interpreter-Manager-Educator framework was used to reflect this change and construct validity was explored for RIME-based evaluations of single-patient encounters. In the third study the effects of training in pairs--also known as dyad practice--examined. This study showed that the students practicing in pairs significantly out-performed those training alone using RIME-based assessments and that dyad training significantly improved students' confidence in managing future patient encounters. The final study examined students' use of self-directed clinical encounter cards (CECs) based on the RIME framework. Results from this study showed that self-directed CECs can have positive effects on participatory practice and clinical reasoning when implemented in a supporting environment but the chance of success depends on the context of use. Self-directed CECs can be successful but major faculty development initiatives are required before implementation in large and dispersed settings. In conclusion, this thesis demonstrated different aspects of student-centered approaches to clinical skills learning. Whereas self-directed learning is difficult in clinical clerkship, the experimental studies demonstrated remarkable advantages to peer-learning in skills-lab. Thus, peer-learning activities could be essential to providing high-quality medical training in the face of limited clinical teacher resources in future undergraduate medical education. PMID:23905573

Tolsgaard, Martin Grønnebæk

2013-08-01

201

Challenges for Undergraduate Speech Pathology Students Undertaking Cross-Cultural Clinical Placements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Two Australian undergraduate speech pathology students completed a series of clinical placements working with people with complex communication needs in cross-cultural contexts. Aims: To describe the challenges that the students faced and how best to prepare future students for such experiences. Methods & Procedures: The students

Trembath, David; Wales, Sally; Balandin, Susan

2005-01-01

202

Undergraduate Science Research: A Comparison of Influences and Experiences between Premed and Non-Premed Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most students participating in science undergraduate research (UR) plan to attend either medical school or graduate school. This study examines possible differences between premed and non-premed students in their influences to do research and expectations of research. Questionnaire responses from 55 premed students and 80 non-premed students were…

Pacifici, Lara Brongo; Thomson, Norman

2011-01-01

203

Pathways to Industry: Work Practices of Undergraduate Students in Construction Programs in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research reports the impact of work on undergraduate students enrolled in construction programs. Students responded to a questionnaire on the nature of their paid work while enrolled in full-time study in six universities across Australia. The results indicate that students are working on average 19 hours per week during semester time. The results indicate that students in the early

Anthony Mills; Helen Lingard; Patricia McLaughlin; Usha Iyer-Raniga

2012-01-01

204

Learning about Environmental Issues: Postgraduate and Undergraduate Students' Interpretations of Environmental Contents in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To present results from a research project on postgraduate and undergraduate students' learning about environmental issues in education. Design/methodology/approach: Three cases were carried out with civil engineering students, biology students and postgraduate students. Discussions in classroom were tape-recorded, as well as discussions…

Lundholm, Cecilia

2005-01-01

205

"High-Jinks" and "Minor Mischief": A Study of Undergraduate Students as Perpetrators of Crime  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there is a growing interest in the victimisation of university students, the issue of student offending has been largely overlooked in the criminology and education literatures. Based on a self-report study of 1215 undergraduate students at UK higher education institutions, this article explores the level and nature of student

Selwyn, Neil

2008-01-01

206

Reflections on Supporting a Visually Impaired Student Complete a Biological Psychology Module  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While there are a number of technologies that have been used, with varying levels of success, to support visually impaired students, the purpose of this article is to reflect upon the authors' experiences of supporting a visually impaired student through a nine-month level two undergraduate biological psychology module. The authors developed a…

Betts, Lucy R.; Cross, Amanda

2010-01-01

207

Redesign of a Required Undergraduate Pharmacy Management Course to Improve Student Engagement and Concept Retention  

PubMed Central

Objective. To change the structure of a required pharmacy management course to make it more interactive and engaging for students. Design. The course is a required component of undergraduate curriculum and is completed over 2 semesters during the students’ third year. Changes included requiring students to lead classroom discussions and complete a business plan in groups. Assessment. A questionnaire centering on methods of delivery, course content, and outcomes was distributed in 2 academic years, with 74.7% of students responding. Even though the redesigned course required more time, there was strong support for the course among students because they realized the content contributed to their learning. Conclusion. A major course redesign is a big commitment by faculty members, but if done through consultations with former and current students, it can be rewarding for all involved. Students overwhelmingly embraced the changes to the course as they realized the restructuring and the resulting increase in workload were necessary to raise the relevance of the course to their future professional practice.

2012-01-01

208

Lessons Learned in Developing Research Opportunities for Native American Undergraduate Students: The GEMscholars Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Interventions for the well-documented national deficiency of underrepresented students in higher education have focused primarily on the undergraduate student population with significantly less attention given to issues of diversity within graduate programs. As a result, we have made little progress in transforming faculty composition to better reflect the nation's diversity resulting in relatively few minority mentors joining faculty ranks and schools falling short of the broader representation to create an enriched, diverse academic environment. The GEMscholars (Geology, Environmental Science and Meteorology scholars) Program began in the summer of 2006 with the goal of increasing the number of Native American students pursuing graduate degrees in the geosciences. We drew on research from Native American student education models to address three key themes of (a) mentoring, (b) culturally relevant valuations of geosciences and possible career paths, and (c) connections to community and family. A collaboration between Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN and three institutions in northern Minnesota; Bemidji State University, Red Lake Nation College and Leech Lake Tribal College, is structured to develop research opportunities and a support network for Native American undergraduate students (called GEMscholars) to participate in summer geoscience research projects in their home communities. Research opportunities were specifically chosen to have cultural relevance and yield locally important findings. The GEMscholars work on projects that directly link to their local ecosystems and permit them to engage in long term monitoring and cohesive interaction among each successive year's participants. For example, the GEMscholars have established and now maintain permanent field monitoring plots to assess the impacts of invasive European earthworm activity on forest ecosystem health. The culmination of the summer project is the GEMscholars Symposium at Purdue University where the GEMscholars present their research findings to the academic community. Initial results from formative evaluations have been promising and allowed for two iterations of program modifications. The research team has turned "lessons learned" into best practices for developing research opportunities for Native American undergraduate students. Best practices include (a) developing and maintaining tribal relations, (b) creating projects that are exciting for the students and relevant to the community, and (c) maintaining constructive and positive student contact.

Zurn-Birkhimer, S. M.; Filley, T. R.; Kroeger, T. J.

2008-12-01

209

University of Minnesota Undergraduate Student Financing, 1980-81: A Study of Expenses and Sources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information concerning expenses and income during 1980-81 of 406 randomly selected University of Minnesota undergraduates was obtained through a survey. Undergraduates estimated their total 1980-81 expenses to have been on average $4,286, which was 59 percent more than the $2,690 reported during a similar 1974-75 survey. Students living at home…

Hendricks, Glenn L.; Gersmehl, Carol

1981-01-01

210

Undergraduate Science Coursework: Teachers' Goal Statements and How Students Experience Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the relation between teachers' goal statements and students' experiences about the position of research in undergraduate coursework can give use insight into ways to integrate research and teaching and foster undergraduate research. In this study, we examined to what extent teachers' goal statements agreed with…

Van der Rijst, Roeland M.; Visser-Wijnveen, Gerda J.; Verloop, Nico; Van Driel, Jan H.

2013-01-01

211

Does Undergraduate Student Research Constitute Scholarship? Drawing on the Experiences of One Medical Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While undergraduate research has been part of the learning culture in some disciplines for many years, it is only more recently that it is being included into mainstream medical curricula. Undergraduate medical students at the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, have several opportunities to undertake research…

McLean, Michelle; Howarth, F. Christopher

2008-01-01

212

Community College Student Participation in Undergraduate Research: An Explanatory Case Study for Faculty and Research Mentors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study adapted the current model of science undergraduate research experiences (URE's) and applied this novel modification to include community college students. Numerous researchers have examined the efficacy of URE's in improving undergraduate retention and graduation rates, as well as matriculation rates for graduate programs. However, none…

Peterson, Dana L.

2009-01-01

213

Knowledge and Attitudes of Undergraduate Students regarding the Health and Nutrition of Older Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated knowledge and attitudes of undergraduates regarding nutrition and health of the aged and students' intentions of pursuing career involvement with older adults. The participants evaluated were undergraduates from three mid-western universities (n=1,755). The majority of those surveyed were uninformed and unlikely to pursue…

Heuberger, Roschelle, A.; Stanczak, Melanie

2004-01-01

214

Knowledge and Attitudes of Undergraduate Students Regarding the Health and Nutrition of Older Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated knowledge and attitudes of undergraduates regarding nutrition and health of the aged and students' intentions of pursuing career involvement with older adults. The participants evaluated were undergraduates from three mid-western universities (n=1,755). The majority of those surveyed were uninformed and unlikely to pursue…

Heuberger, Roschelle A.; Stanczak, Melanie

2004-01-01

215

A Research Update on Correlates of Heavy Episodic Drinking among Undergraduate College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Despite prevention efforts of colleges and universities across the nation, there have been no substantial decreases in heavy episodic drinking among undergraduates over the past 2 decades. Purpose: This study provides an update on correlates of heavy episodic drinking for a recent cohort of undergraduate college students. Methods: A…

Montauti, Sara Barrows; Bulmer, Sandra Minor

2014-01-01

216

Purification and Characterization of Taq Polymerase: A 9-Week Biochemistry Laboratory Project for Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We have developed a 9-week undergraduate laboratory series focused on the purification and characterization of "Thermus aquaticus" DNA polymerase (Taq). Our aim was to provide undergraduate biochemistry students with a full-semester continuing project simulating a research-like experience, while having each week's procedure focus on a single…

Bellin, Robert M.; Bruno, Mary K.; Farrow, Melissa A.

2010-01-01

217

Occupational Justice Informed by Service Learning in Undergraduate Occupational Science Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past ten years, several undergraduate programs in occupational science have been developed in the United States. These programs have diverse curriculums and pedagogical approaches that inform undergraduate students in the basic science of occupation and the relationship of occupation and health. Occupational science concepts developed over the same period include occupational justice and injustice. Townsend and Wilcock described

Rybski Debra; Gettemeier Peggy MPH COTAL; Serfas Katie OTD OTRL

2009-01-01

218

Portuguese as a Minority Language: Attitudes of Undergraduate Students Studying Portuguese Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The differences between European Portuguese (EP) and Brazilian Portuguese (BP) raise some interesting issues that are well worth considering through undergraduate university students' perceptions and attitudes. Instructors of undergraduate courses in Portuguese literature suggest that in terms of curriculum design, curriculum delivery, and…

Reis, Sonia Maria Nunes

2011-01-01

219

Counseling Brazilian Undergraduate Students: 17 Years of a Campus Mental Health Service  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors reviewed demographic and clinical characteristics of undergraduates at a Brazilian public university (UNICAMP) who visited the campus mental health service (SAPPE) and compared their demographics with those from all undergraduate students enrolled in the university. Participants: The authors looked at data from all…

de Oliveira, Maria Lilian Coelho; de Rosalmeida Dantas, Clarissa; de Azevedo, Renata Cruz Soares; Banzato, Claudio Eduardo Muller

2008-01-01

220

From Inquiry-Based Learning to Student Research in an Undergraduate Mathematics Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As an extension to various sponsored summer undergraduate research programs, academic year research for undergraduate students is becoming popular. Mathematics faculty around the country are getting involved with this type of research and administrators are encouraging this effort. Since 2007, we have been conducting academic year research at…

Das, Kumer

2013-01-01

221

Engaging Undergraduate Students in Research Activities: Are Research Universities Doing a Better Job?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Engaging undergraduate students in research activities has been advocated as an innovative strategy to improve American higher education (Boyer Commission, "Reinventing undergraduate education: A blueprint for America's research universities." The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, Stony Brook, NY, 1998). This study compared the…

Hu, Shouping; Kuh, George D.; Gayles, Joy Gaston

2007-01-01

222

Undergraduate Perceptions of Information Use: The Basis for Creating User-Centered Student Information Literacy Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current information literacy pedagogy, usually tied to a particular set of skills, does not adequately address the needs of learners. Using a phenomenographic method, this study reveals the three ways that undergraduate students conceptualize information use. Knowing how undergraduates understand information use allows educators to create enhanced learning environments.

Clarence Maybee

2006-01-01

223

Mentoring Undergraduate Students in Neuroscience Research: A Model System at Baldwin-Wallace College  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource describes opportunities given to undergraduate students to become involved in a sustained, faculty-initiated research program. The system described here provides an encouraging structured community in which undergraduates can develop and mature as they are mentored in the context of a modern neuroscience laboratory.

G. Andrew Mickley, (Baldwin-Wallace College,;); Cynthia Kenmuir (Baldwin-Wallace College;); Dawn Remmers-Roeber (University of Texas;)

2003-05-30

224

What Can a Student Teacher Learn from Undergraduate Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A disconnect exists between teaching and research; and it has become easy, if not automatic, for K-12 teachers to be enthusiastic about teaching and less supportive of research. As a student teacher, the first author found herself adopting the stereotype that research is associated with the sciences and is less pertinent to K-12 education. She…

Klingel, Abbey; Erbes, Stella

2012-01-01

225

Teaching Research in the Undergraduate Curriculum: Influencing Student Attitudes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comparison of 22 students in a traditional curriculum and 70 in a curriculum using speech science instrumentation demonstrated that opportunities to experience research improved attitudes toward and comfort with the research process. Findings support early introduction of scientific method into the communication disorders curriculum. (SK)

Deem, Jodelle F.; Gonzalez, Lori S.

1999-01-01

226

Physiology, The Science of Life - A Lower Undergraduate Outreach Presentation (Self-Guided Student Version)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This presentation version includes slides and text so students can independently learn about Physiology. This presentation is specifically designed for lower level undergraduate (first 2 years) students. For these students, the goal of this presentation is to introduce physiology as a scientific discipline, briefly describe what it is and why itÃÂs important, and personalize physiology by describing some physiologists and what they do. The presentation encourages the early undergraduate students to choose a career in physiology and graduate school. Students also are encouraged to explore physiology further through the APS website resources.

2010-12-01

227

Physiology, The Science of Life - An Upper Undergraduate Outreach Presentation (Self-Guided Student Version)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This presentation version includes slides and text so students can independently learn about Physiology. This presentation is specifically designed for upper level undergraduate (3rd and 4th years) students. For these students, the goal of this presentation is to introduce physiology as a scientific discipline, briefly describe what it is and why itÃÂs important, and personalize physiology by describing some physiologists and what they do. The presentation encourages undergraduate students to choose a career in physiology and graduate school. Students also are encouraged to explore physiology further through the APS website resources.

2010-12-01

228

Similarities and Differences Among Superior, Marginal, and Eliminated Undergraduate Pilot Training Students.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report compares interview data from highly successful and marginally successful graduates with similar data from students eliminated from undergraduate pilot training (UPT). The objectives of the study were: to delineate factors which distinguish the...

E. E. Eddowes N. W. King

1976-01-01

229

Project INSPIRE-HBCU Undergraduate Collaborative Summer Training Program to Inspire Students in Prostate Cancer Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The overall goal of Project INSPIRE is to provide continuum of opportunities including didactic and meaningful research experience and training in basic, biomedical, clinical and/or population sciences research for promising undergraduate students enrolle...

N. Kumar

2007-01-01

230

Introducing the Practical Aspects of Computational Chemistry to Undergraduate Chemistry Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various efforts are being made to introduce the different physical aspects and uses of computational chemistry to the undergraduate chemistry students. A new laboratory approach that demonstrates all such aspects via experiments has been devised for the purpose.

Pearson, Jason K.

2007-01-01

231

Cross-Disciplinary Thermoregulation and Sweat Analysis Laboratory Experiences for Undergraduate Chemistry and Exercise Science Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a qualitative evaluation of Cross-Disciplinary health sciences undergraduate laboratory experiences in which concepts and students from two distinct disciplines (chemistry and exercise physiology) combined to study exercise thermoregulation and sweat analysis.

2011-06-01

232

Integrating Incidental Vocabulary Learning Using PDAs into Academic Studies: Undergraduate Student Experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

In higher education literature, no in-depth studies have been identified that investigate the value of integrating incidental\\u000a vocabulary learning using mobile devices into undergraduate students’ academic studies. This one-year multiple-case study\\u000a investigated undergraduate students’ dictionary and other uses of Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) to enhance their incidental\\u000a vocabulary learning in an English-medium (EM) university. The research findings show that the

Yanjie Song; Robert Fox

2008-01-01

233

Peer Learning and Support of Technology in an Undergraduate Biology Course to Enhance Deep Learning  

PubMed Central

This study offers an innovative and sustainable instructional model for an introductory undergraduate course. The model was gradually implemented during 3 yr in a research university in a large-lecture biology course that enrolled biology majors and nonmajors. It gives priority to sources not used enough to enhance active learning in higher education: technology and the students themselves. Most of the lectures were replaced with continuous individual learning and 1-mo group learning of one topic, both supported by an interactive online tutorial. Assessment included open-ended complex questions requiring higher-order thinking skills that were added to the traditional multiple-choice (MC) exam. Analysis of students’ outcomes indicates no significant difference among the three intervention versions in the MC questions of the exam, while students who took part in active-learning groups at the advanced version of the model had significantly higher scores in the more demanding open-ended questions compared with their counterparts. We believe that social-constructivist learning of one topic during 1 mo has significantly contributed to student deep learning across topics. It developed a biological discourse, which is more typical to advanced stages of learning biology, and changed the image of instructors from “knowledge transmitters” to “role model scientists.”

Tsaushu, Masha; Tal, Tali; Sagy, Ornit; Kali, Yael; Gepstein, Shimon; Zilberstein, Dan

2012-01-01

234

"I Hate History": A Study of Student Engagement in Community College Undergraduate History Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many instructors seek to improve student engagement, but determining how to achieve student engagement can be complex and complicated. The authors sought to explore how the implementation of active-learning strategies in undergraduate history courses at a metropolitan community college using graphic organizers and group discussion impacted student

Perrotta, Katherine Assante; Bohan, Chara Haeussler

2013-01-01

235

E-Learning versus Traditional Learning as Perceived by Undergraduate Students in Jordanian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study is to define the perception of e-learning and traditional learning among undergraduate students in Jordanian universities. The results of the study indicated that e-learning had significantly higher scores for perceived value among students than traditional learning. The perception of e-learning among male students

Al-Omari, Aieman A.; Salameh, Kayed M.

2012-01-01

236

Peer-Mentoring Undergraduate Accounting Students: The Influence on Approaches to Learning and Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the impact of a student peer-mentoring programme (the Mentor Accountant Project, MAP) on first-year undergraduates' academic performance. The development of MAP was informed by reference to extant literature; it relies on the voluntary services of third-year students who then act as mentors to first-year student mentees in…

Fox, Alison; Stevenson, Lorna; Connelly, Patricia; Duff, Angus; Dunlop, Angela

2010-01-01

237

The Quantitative Effect of Students Using Podcasts in a First Year Undergraduate Exercise Physiology Module  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the quantitative effect of students using podcasts in a 1st year undergraduate exercise physiology module. From a cohort of 70 students, 50 volunteered and completed the study. Using a pre-post random allocation research design, students were allocated to either a podcast group (PG) or control group (CG) based on a 32-question…

Abt, Grant; Barry, Tim

2007-01-01

238

Predicting Academic Success and Psychological Wellness in a Sample of Canadian Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: University students need to cope with a complex new life role and to achieve academic success. This article explores the academic performance and psychological well-being among university students in a western Canadian city. Method: Using a convenience sample, a total of 501 undergraduate students in Regina, Saskatchewan took part in…

Chow, Henry P. H.

2010-01-01

239

"Water and Environmental Systems": Achieving Student-Centered Learning Objectives with an Undergraduate Journal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes and evaluates an unusual and innovative assessment procedure used in an undergraduate hydrology and oceanography class. Working in teams, English students produce research articles published by an in-house, though refereed, academic journal. Professors and students agree that the process stimulates students to perform at their highest…

Charlesworth, Susanne M.; Foster, Ian D. L.

1996-01-01

240

An Analysis of Learning Styles among Full-Time Undergraduate College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the fall semester, 1999, a random sample of 814 undergraduate college students attending a southern land grant university were asked to complete a Learning Style Profile (LSP). Students were aged 17 to 58 years, with the mean age being 23. The LSP measured students' perceptual response study and instructional preferences. Inferential statistics…

Hardigan, Patrick C.; Sisco, Burton R.

241

Six Classroom Exercises to Teach Natural Selection to Undergraduate Biology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in introductory biology courses frequently have misconceptions regarding natural selection. In this paper, we describe six activities that biology instructors can use to teach undergraduate students in introductory biology courses how natural selection causes evolution. These activities begin with a lesson introducing students to natural…

Kalinowski, Steven T.; Leonard, Mary J.; Andrews, Tessa M.; Litt, Andrea R.

2013-01-01

242

Characteristics and Opinions of Entering Undergraduate Students at Montana State University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Montana State University's (MSU) use of the Student-Outcomes Information Services (SOIS), developed jointly by the National Center for Higher Education Management Systems (NCHEMS) and the College Board for surveying the characteristics and opinions of entering undergraduate students, is examined. The Entering-Student Questionnaire, one of five…

Dulniak, Dennis J.

243

Candidates of Written Language Disabilities among Undergraduate Students at the University of Jordan as Perceived by Students and Their Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to explore writing problems among undergraduate students at the university level, based on students self reporting technique and the verification from their teachers' ratings. Twenty-eight students were considered good candidates for this research using two criteria of self reporting and high means of responses. Twenty-five…

Alkhamra, Hatem A.; AlNatour, Mayada M.; Abu Dahab, Sana M. N.; AlAbdallat, Bassam M.

2012-01-01

244

Undergraduate Students in Part-Time Employment in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advantages and disadvantages of undergraduates undertaking part-time employment are indicated from the western literature, together with discussion of the nature, amount and effects of part-time employment. A study is reported of a university in China, using a cross-sectional survey which investigates the characteristics of undergraduates holding…

Tam Oi I, Betty; Morrison, Keith

2005-01-01

245

Conference for Undergraduate Women in Physics: For Students, by Students (abstract)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In January 2006 the first Conference for Undergraduate Women in Physics (CUWP) was organized by students at the University of Southern California. The conference has become an annual event at the university and has expanded to conferences in the Midwest at the University of Michigan and to the East Coast at Yale University. Over 250 undergraduates have attended the CUWP since its inception. We look at the impact of the conferences from survey results taken before and after conference participation. Additionally we discuss the history of the CUWP, how it has evolved, and how it has shaped and been shaped by the institutional climates. We present the future goals and plans for assessing and evaluating the effectiveness of the CUWP.

Cassidy, Amy C.; Mussack, Katie

2009-04-01

246

"Writing in Neuroscience": A Course Designed for Neuroscience Undergraduate Students  

PubMed Central

Although neuroscience students may learn to write in a generic fashion through university writing courses, they receive little training in writing in their field. Here I describe a course that was created at the request of a Neuroscience Department with the intent to teach neuroscience students how to write well in their discipline. I explain the purpose for creating the “Writing in Neuroscience” course and offer a brief overview of the course curriculum, including pertinent pedagogical outcomes for such a course. I describe in depth the major assignment for the course, the literature review, and provide examples of paper titles that students wrote to fulfill the assignment. I briefly describe other relevant course assignments. I evaluate the course and include an overview of who should teach such a course, what support might be helpful, and what can be learned from formative assessment of the course. Using these insights can help others determine whether such a course is a good fit for them.

Adams, Joyce

2011-01-01

247

Critical Components of a Successful Undergraduate Research Experience in the Geosciences for Minority Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the past five years, the New York City College of Technology has administered a successful National Science Foundation (NSF) Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) program. The program provides rich, substantive, academic and life-transformative STEM educational experiences for students who would otherwise not pursue STEM education altogether or would not pursue STEM education through to the graduate school level. The REU Scholars are provided with an opportunity to conduct intensive satellite and ground-based remote sensing research at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Cooperative Remote Sensing Science and Technology Center (NOAA-CREST). Candidates for the program are recruited from the City University of New York's twenty-three separate campuses. These students engage in a research experience that spans the summer and the fall and spring semesters. Eighty-four percent (84%) of the program participants are underrepresented minorities in STEM, and they are involved in a plethora of undergraduate research best practice activities that include: training courses in MATLAB programming, Geographic Information Systems, and Remote Sensing; workshops in Research Ethics, Scientific Writing, and Oral and Poster Research Presentations; national, regional, and local conference presentations; graduate school support; and geoscience exposure events at national laboratories, agencies, and research facilities. To enhance their success in the program, the REU Scholars are also provided with a comprehensive series of safety nets that include a multi-tiered mentoring design specifically to address critical issues faced by this diverse population. Since the inception of the REU program in 2008, a total of 61 undergraduate students have finished or are continuing with their research or are pursuing their STEM endeavors. All the REU Scholars conducted individual satellite and ground-based remote sensing research projects that ranged from the study of hurricanes to atmospheric water vapor distribution to spectral analysis of soil moisture. Of the 61 REU Scholars, 18.0% (11) are in graduate school in the STEM disciplines, 16.5% (10) have graduated and are in the STEM workforce, and 65.5% (40) continue to pursue their STEM degrees. All of the REU Scholars have made oral and poster presentations at local, region, and/or national conferences. Five of them have won first place recognition for their research, and three students will be co-authors for three peer-reviewed publications and two book chapters. (This program is supported by NSF REU grant #1062934.)

Liou-Mark, J.; Blake, R.; Chukuigwe, C.

2013-12-01

248

Creating High Challenge/High Support Academic Environments through Constructive Alignment: Student Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education needs to provide challenging yet supportive learning environments catering for students with diverse academic needs. There is also an emphasis on using student-driven outcome measures to determine teaching effectiveness. How can these measures be used to reflect upon and evaluate teaching initiatives? Using an undergraduate

Larkin, Helen; Richardson, Ben

2013-01-01

249

Enhancing and Supporting the Role of Academic Tutors in Developing Undergraduate Writing Skills: Reflections on the Experiences of a Social Work Education Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whilst approaches to the development of undergraduate academic writing skills vary between disciplines and institutions, academic tutors are consistently presented as playing an important role. One aspect of this role is supporting students to engage effectively with feedback in order to develop consciousness and competence regarding academic…

Hughes, Nathan; Wainwright, Sue; Cresswell, Caroline

2012-01-01

250

The Dominance Concept Inventory: A Tool for Assessing Undergraduate Student Alternative Conceptions about Dominance in Mendelian and Population Genetics  

PubMed Central

Despite the impact of genetics on daily life, biology undergraduates understand some key genetics concepts poorly. One concept requiring attention is dominance, which many students understand as a fixed property of an allele or trait and regularly conflate with frequency in a population or selective advantage. We present the Dominance Concept Inventory (DCI), an instrument to gather data on selected alternative conceptions about dominance. During development of the 16-item test, we used expert surveys (n = 12), student interviews (n = 42), and field tests (n = 1763) from introductory and advanced biology undergraduates at public and private, majority- and minority-serving, 2- and 4-yr institutions in the United States. In the final field test across all subject populations (n = 709), item difficulty ranged from 0.08 to 0.84 (0.51 ± 0.049 SEM), while item discrimination ranged from 0.11 to 0.82 (0.50 ± 0.048 SEM). Internal reliability (Cronbach's alpha) was 0.77, while test–retest reliability values were 0.74 (product moment correlation) and 0.77 (intraclass correlation). The prevalence of alternative conceptions in the field tests shows that introductory and advanced students retain confusion about dominance after instruction. All measures support the DCI as a useful instrument for measuring undergraduate biology student understanding and alternative conceptions about dominance.

Perez, Kathryn E.; Price, Rebecca M.

2014-01-01

251

Undergraduate Mentoring Program Targets Hard-to-Find Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Eye on Education column, published in BioScience, will inform those interested in learning about the National Science Foundation's Undergraduate Mentoring Training Program and speaks of it's successes and challenges.

Cathy Lundmark (American Institute of Biological Sciences;)

2004-01-01

252

Dyscalculia: awareness and student support.  

PubMed

Dyscalculia is a learning need that requires assessment and provision of reasonable adjustments. Although there have been numerous discussions about how to identify, assess and support dyscalculic children, there is less information available covering further and higher education, and even less concerned with the education of health professionals. This article aims to address this deficit, to discuss the disparity often felt by educators, and to raise awareness of the impact of dyscalculia on student nurses. PMID:23035381

Kirk, Kirsty; Payne, Bob

253

Undergraduate Social Support and Career Networking as a Result of Membership in the University of Arizona Astronomy Club  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Membership in formal or informal groups of students with similar interests provides many benefits to undergraduate astronomy majors at the University of Arizona. First and foremost, members benefit from peer social and academic support within the major. These benefits are both tangible and intangible: students form friendships with like-minded peers, which can sustain them through difficult periods of study, but these social networks are the basis of later professional networks as well. Students in the U of A Astronomy Club have received both informal and formal research positions at other institutions as a direct result of the support, peer mentoring, and connections of club members, and at least six also hold paid, non-research positions within the department as a result of their connection to the club. Finally, most Astronomy Club members take their first steps into professional astronomy, such as attendance at a AAS Meeting, as a result of Club membership and the encouragement of older club members.

Towner, Allison P.; Hardegree-Ullman, K.; Walker-LaFollette, A.; McGraw, A. M.; Robertson, A.; Smith, C.; Biddle, L. I.; Turner, J.

2013-06-01

254

‘Tristan chords and random scores’: exploring undergraduate students' experiences of music in higher education through the lens of Bourdieu  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within a theoretical framework drawn from Bourdieu, this article explores the relationship between undergraduate students' experiences of music in higher education and their musical backgrounds and prior music education experiences. More critically, this study aims to discover whether ideologies surrounding musical value impact on the student experience in higher education. A survey of undergraduate students of music (N=60) at a

Gwen Moore

2012-01-01

255

Does reflection have an effect upon case-solving abilities of undergraduate medical students?  

PubMed Central

Background Reflection on professional experience is increasingly accepted as a critical attribute for health care practice; however, evidence that it has a positive impact on performance remains scarce. This study investigated whether, after allowing for the effects of knowledge and consultation skills, reflection had an independent effect on students’ ability to solve problem cases. Methods Data was collected from 362 undergraduate medical students at Ghent University solving video cases and reflected on the experience of doing so. For knowledge and consultation skills results on a progress test and a course teaching consultation skills were used respectively. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis was used to test the relationship between the quality of case-solving (dependent variable) and reflection skills, knowledge, and consultation skills (dependent variables). Results Only students with data on all variables available (n?=?270) were included for analysis. The model was significant (Anova F(3,269)?=?11.00, p?students’ reflection had a small but significant effect on case-solving, which supports reflection as an attribute for performance. These findings suggest that it would be worthwhile testing the effect of reflection skills training on clinical competence.

2012-01-01

256

Change over a service learning experience in science undergraduates' beliefs expressed about elementary school students' ability to learn science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This longitudinal investigation explores the change in four (3 female, 1 male) science undergraduates' beliefs expressed about low-income elementary school students' ability to learn science. The study sought to identify how the undergraduates in year-long public school science-teaching partnerships perceived the social, cultural, and economic factors affecting student learning. Previous service-learning research infrequently focused on science undergraduates relative to science and society or detailed expressions of their beliefs and field practices over the experience. Qualitative methodology was used to guide the implementation and analysis of this study. A sample of an additional 20 science undergraduates likewise involved in intensive reflection in the service learning in science teaching (SLST) course called Elementary Science Education Partners (ESEP) was used to examine the typicality of the case participants. The findings show two major changes in science undergraduates' belief expressions: (1) a reduction in statements of beliefs from a deficit thinking perspective about the elementary school students' ability to learn science, and (2) a shift in the attribution of students, underlying problems in science learning from individual-oriented to systemic-oriented influences. Additional findings reveal that the science undergraduates perceived they had personally and profoundly changed as a result of the SLST experience. Changes include: (1) the gain of a new understanding of others' situations different from their own; (2) the realization of and appreciation for their relative positions of privilege due to their educational background and family support; (3) the gain in ability to communicate, teach, and work with others; (4) the idea that they were more socially and culturally connected to their community outside the university and their college classrooms; and (5) a broadening of the way they understood or thought about science. Women participants stated that the experience validated their science and science-related career choices. Results imply that these changes have the potential to strengthen the undergraduate pursuit of science-related careers and will contribute positive influences to our education system and society at large.

Goebel, Camille A.

257

Individual Moral Philosophies and Ethical Decision Making of Undergraduate Athletic Training Students and Educators  

PubMed Central

Context: Ethics research in athletic training is lacking. Teaching students technical skills is important, but teaching them how to reason and to behave in a manner that befits responsible health care professionals is equally important. Objective: To expand ethics research in athletic training by (1) describing undergraduate athletic training students' and educators' individual moral philosophies and ethical decision-making abilities and (2) investigating the effects of sex and level of education on mean composite individual moral philosophies and ethical decision-making scores. Design: Stratified, multistage, cluster-sample correlational study. Setting: Mailed survey instruments were distributed in classroom settings at 30 institutions having Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP)–accredited athletic training programs. Patients or Other Participants: Undergraduate students and educators (n = 598: 373 women, 225 men; mean age = 23.5 ± 6.3 years) from 25 CAAHEP-accredited athletic training programs. Main Outcome Measure(s): We used the Ethics Position Questionnaire and the Dilemmas in Athletic Training Questionnaire to compute participants' mean composite individual moral philosophies (idealism and relativism) and ethical decision-making scores, respectively. Three separate 2 (sex: male, female) × 3 (education level: underclass, upper class, educator) between-subjects factorial analyses of variance using idealism, relativism, and ethical decision-making scores as dependent measures were performed. Results: Respondents reported higher idealism scores (37.57 ± 4.91) than relativism scores (31.70 ± 4.80) (response rate = 83%). The mean ethical decision-making score for all respondents was 80.76 ± 7.88. No significant interactions were revealed. The main effect for sex illustrated that men reported significantly higher relativism scores ( P = .0014, ? 2 = .015) than did women. The main effect for education level revealed significant differences between students' and educators' idealism ( P = .0190, ? 2 = .013), relativism ( P < .001, ? 2 = .050), and ethical decision-making scores ( P < .001, ? 2 = .027). Tukey honestly significant difference post hoc analysis indicated that educators possessed lower idealism scores (36.90 ± 5.70) and relativism scores (29.92 ± 4.86) and higher ethical decision-making scores (82.98 ± 7.62) than did students. Conclusions: Our findings do not support changes in athletic training ethics education practices to address sex-specific needs. However, when opportunities occur for students to reason using different ethical perspectives, educators should be aware of their students' and their own moral philosophies in order to optimally facilitate professional growth.

Caswell, Shane V; Gould, Trenton E

2008-01-01

258

The effects of Second Life on the motivation of undergraduate students learning a foreign language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtual worlds are an emerging technology in computer-assisted learning. Due to the novelty of these new learning spaces, little research has been done on the use or the effects on students learning foreign languages. This research looks at how the use of the virtual world Second Life affects the motivation of students in an undergraduate Spanish course. Comparisons were made

Amy K. Wehner; Andrew W. Gump; Steve Downey

2011-01-01

259

Negotiating the "Multi" in Multilingualism and Multiliteracies: Undergraduate Students in Vancouver, Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article poses the following research question: How do multilingual students in higher education negotiate the "multi" in their multilingualism and multiliteracies? The article presents data from a qualitative study conducted with eight multilingual undergraduate university students in which the participants describe their complex…

Marshall, Steve; Hayashi, Hisako; Yeung, Paul

2012-01-01

260

An Exploration of Potential Factors Affecting Student Withdrawal from an Undergraduate Music Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the degree withdrawal patterns of undergraduate music education majors, with a specific focus on the individual experiences of students withdrawing from the major. Data from recently withdrawn students (N = 14) were assembled using a qualitative methodology that included semistructured interviews,…

Gavin, Russell B.

2012-01-01

261

Testing the Development of Student Conceptual and Visualization Understanding in Quantum Mechanics through the Undergraduate Career.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an assessment instrument designed to test conceptual and visual understanding of quantum theory, probe various aspects of student understanding of some core ideas of quantum mechanics, and investigate how students develop over the undergraduate curriculum. (Contains 52 references.) (Author/YDS)

Cataloglu, E.; Robinett, R. W.

2002-01-01

262

Academic Research and Teaching Quality: The Views of Undergraduate and Postgraduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate and graduate students in the United Kingdom participated in structured discussions of the effects of lecturer research activity on student learning. Both groups offered a preponderance of positive comments over negative ones. Articulated benefits of lecturer research included enhanced knowledge currency, credibility, competence in…

Lindsay, Roger; Breen, Rosanna; Jenkins, Alan

2002-01-01

263

Teaching Hybrid Principles of Finance to Undergraduate Business Students--Can It Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between course design and predictor variables: motivation, satisfaction, and success for students enrolled in the hybrid Principles of Finance course. The participants for this research project were 117 undergraduate students (encompassing 6 semesters) at Robert Morris University,…

Letterman, Denise

2008-01-01

264

Differences in Suicidal Experiences of Male and Female Undergraduate and Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differences in the suicidal experiences of males and females and of undergraduate and graduate students have not been thoroughly explored. Furthermore, given the changing dynamics of college student suicidality and the challenges of suicide prevention, it is important to continue updating the research in this area. This article presents findings…

Brownson, Chris; Drum, David J.; Smith, Shanna E.; Denmark, Adryon Burton

2011-01-01

265

Drug Use and Mental Well Being among a Sample of Undergraduate and Graduate College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study proposes to describe the association between stress and alcohol drug use among a sample of undergraduate students. Results reveal health behaviors such as recreational drug use and drinking played an associative role with general well being. A significant relationship was also found between student participation in intramural or club sports…

Lanier, Cynthia A.; Nicholson, Thomas; Duncan, David

2001-01-01

266

Differences in Suicidal Experiences of Male and Female Undergraduate and Graduate Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Differences in the suicidal experiences of males and females and of undergraduate and graduate students have not been thoroughly explored. Furthermore, given the changing dynamics of college student suicidality and the challenges of suicide prevention, it is important to continue updating the research in this area. This article presents findings from a 2006 national survey with responses from over 26,000

Chris Brownson; David J. Drum; Shanna E. Smith; Adryon Burton Denmark

2011-01-01

267

Class Participation in an Aboriginal Theatre Project: An Exemplar of Undergraduate Student Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 21st Century, Canadian universities are increasingly emphasizing the importance of student engagement. This research paper, by analyzing the reflections of undergraduate students on their experiences in a co-curricular service learning assignment--integrated into a course that included more traditional assignments--in the context of…

Ratsoy, Ginny R.

2011-01-01

268

Campus Eco Tours: An Integrative & Interactive Field Project for Undergraduate Biology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outdoor areas within or near college campuses offer an opportunity for biology students to observe the natural world and apply concepts from class. Here, I describe an engaging and integrative project where undergraduate non-major biology students work in teams to develop and present professional "eco tours." This project takes place over multiple…

Boes, Katie E.

2013-01-01

269

Relationships between Students' Engagement and the Dissimilar Cognitive Styles of Their Undergraduate Instructors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to determine if the dissimilarity of cognitive style between the instructor and the student was related to student engagement in nine undergraduate classes. Kirton's Adaption-Innovation Inventory was used to measure cognitive style as a preference to a method of solving problems: either more adaptively or more…

Friedel, Curtis R.; Rudd, Rick D.

2009-01-01

270

Predictors of Student Success in Entry-Level Undergraduate Mathematics Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most undergraduate programs require completion of a mathematics course, but pass rates in these courses are often low. To determine predictors of student success in 100-level mathematics courses at the University of Southern Maine, we used a questionnaire to collect information on possible predictors of grade (student demographics, attitude,…

Gupta, Sat; Harris, David E.; Carrier, Nellie M; Caron, Paul

2006-01-01

271

Survey Study Investigating the Significance of Conference Participation to Undergraduate Research Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes the findings of a survey study of undergraduate research (UR) students presenting their research at the fall 2007 and fall 2008 American Chemical Society (ACS) National Meetings. The purpose of the study is to probe the perceived benefits of conference participation to UR students. Results suggest that participation in…

Mabrouk, Patricia Ann

2009-01-01

272

Sequencing Genetics Information: Integrating Data into Information Literacy for Undergraduate Biology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study describes an information literacy lab for an undergraduate biology course that leads students through a range of resources to discover aspects of genetic information. The lab provides over 560 students per semester with the opportunity for hands-on exploration of resources in steps that simulate the pathways of higher-level…

MacMillan, Don

2010-01-01

273

Will Undergraduate Students Play Games to Learn How to Conduct Library Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study examines whether undergraduate students will play games to learn how to conduct library research. Results indicate that students will play games that are an integral component of the course curriculum and enable them to accomplish overall course goals at the same time they learn about library research. (Contains 1 table.)

Markey, Karen; Swanson, Fritz; Jenkins, Andrea; Jennings, Brian; St. Jean, Beth; Rosenberg, Victor; Yao, Xingxing; Frost, Robert

2009-01-01

274

The Impact of an Undergraduate Honors Program on Gifted University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through a qualitative research design, this study examined the experiences of seven gifted university students in an undergraduate honors program. The findings indicated the students as adolescents experienced a sense of isolation resulting from the differences between their abilities, interests, life goals, religious value systems, and the…

Hebert, Thomas P.; McBee, Matthew T.

2007-01-01

275

Dreams Deferred but not Deterred: A Qualitative Study on Undergraduate Nursing Student Attrition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative study using grounded theory was conducted to examine the reasons that a sample of undergraduate baccalaureate nursing students withdrew from their nursing programs. The sample consisted of 11 nursing students who left generic baccalaureate nursing programs located in an urban area of a southeastern state. A semi-structured interview…

Wells, Marcia I.

2007-01-01

276

Utilizing Undergraduate Nursing Students To Provide Health Education in Elementary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes one elementary school's experience utilizing undergraduate nursing students as an alternative resource for providing health education. Nursing students observed in the classroom, prepared teaching plans, and presented topics. Participants reported that the experience was effective in relation to the levels of achievement attained by…

Drott, Patricia M.

2001-01-01

277

Conception of Learning and Clinical Skill Acquisition in Undergraduate Exercise Science Students: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning clinical skills presents a novel experience for undergraduate students, particularly when it comes to preparing for skill assessment. Compared with the thousands of hours of practice believed to be necessary for the development of motor skill expertise (1), these students have significantly limited exposure time. Furthermore, effective…

Johnson, Nathan; Chuter, Vivienne; Rooney, Kieron

2013-01-01

278

Stimulant Medication Use, Misuse, and Abuse in an Undergraduate and Graduate Student Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors investigated the characteristics of use, misuse, and abuse of stimulant medication (primarily methylphenidate and variants) among students at a northeastern US university. Researchers sent an invitation to take an Internet survey to student e-mail addresses and passed 150 paper surveys in undergraduate classes, analyzing…

White, Barbara Prudhomme; Becker-Blease, Kathryn A.; Grace-Bishop, Kathleen

2006-01-01

279

Use of the "Attitudes Toward Mainstreaming Scale" with Undergraduate Education Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education students' attitudes towards mainstreaming are crucial to the future success of the movement toward inclusive education. This study describes the attitudes toward mainstreaming held by undergraduate education students and assesses attitude changes related to knowledge about handicapping conditions and the field of education as well as…

Wilczenski, Felicia L.

280

Student Experience of Final-Year Undergraduate Research Projects: An Exploration of "Research Preparedness"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During this past decade the level of interest in building research capacity has intensified in Australia and internationally, with a particular emphasis on the development of postgraduate research students, but also extending to undergraduate research experience. This study investigated the student experience across a diverse range of fourth-year…

Shaw, Kylie; Holbrook, Allyson; Bourke, Sid

2013-01-01

281

Student Usage Patterns and Perceptions for Differentiated Lab Exercises in an Undergraduate Programming Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differentiated instruction in the form of tiered take-home lab exercises was implemented for students of an undergraduate-level programming course. This paper attempts to uncover the perceptions and usage patterns of students toward these new lab exercises using a comprehensive survey. Findings reveal that these tiered exercises are generally very…

Mok, Heng Ngee

2011-01-01

282

Student Usage Patterns and Perceptions for Differentiated Lab Exercises in an Undergraduate Programming Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differentiated instruction in the form of tiered take-home lab exercises was implemented for students of an undergraduate-level programming course. This paper attempts to uncover the perceptions and usage patterns of students toward these new lab exercises using a comprehensive survey. Findings reveal that these tiered exercises are generally very…

Mok, H. N.

2012-01-01

283

A Multi-Dimensional Cognitive Analysis of Undergraduate Physics Students' Understanding of Heat Conduction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study proposes a multi-dimensional approach to investigate, represent, and categorize students' in-depth understanding of complex physics concepts. Clinical interviews were conducted with 30 undergraduate physics students to probe their understanding of heat conduction. Based on the data analysis, six aspects of the participants' responses…

Chiou, Guo-Li; Anderson, O. Roger

2010-01-01

284

Undergraduate Tourism and Hospitality Students Attitudes Toward a Career in the Industry: A Preliminary Investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to examine the attitudes and perceptions of current undergraduate tourism and hospitality students in Australia toward careers in the industry. The study is exploratory and based on a quantitative approach. Areas that students have concerns over include respondent's relationship with their managers, promotion opportunities, career paths, and the pay and conditions offered within the

Scott Richardson

2008-01-01

285

The Impact of Immersion Programs upon Undergraduate Students of Jesuit Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Statement of the problem: This research study examined the impact of international immersion programs upon undergraduate students at Jesuit colleges and universities. Students return from immersion experiences claiming that the experience changed their lives. This study offered an assessment strategy to give greater evidence as to the impact of…

Savard, John D.

2010-01-01

286

A Proposal for Teaching Undergraduate Chemistry Students Carbohydrate Biochemistry by Problem-Based Learning Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a problem-based learning (PBL) approach to teaching elementary biochemistry to undergraduate students. The activity was based on "the foods we eat." It was used to engage students' curiosity and to initiate learning about a subject that could be used by the future teachers in the high school. The experimental…

Figueira, Angela C. M.; Rocha, Joao B. T.

2014-01-01

287

Student Perceptions of Effective Use of Tablet PC Recorded Lectures in Undergraduate Mathematics Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tablet PCs have been increasingly used in undergraduate courses to create recorded lectures that are close copies of the live lectures. Research has shown that students are largely positive about the availability of tablet PC recorded lectures. However, there is some concern that the availability of such faithful recordings may encourage students

Yoon, Caroline; Sneddon, Jamie

2011-01-01

288

Production of Specified Terminal Performances in Every Student in Undergraduate Psychology Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students from an undergraduate course in the experimental analysis of behavior and from an honors section and a night class section of introductory psychology were exposed to a contingency program designed to produce the same specified terminal performance in every student. The principles underlying the course administration, scheduled activities,…

Chapman, Richard F.

289

Mathematical Literacy in Plant Physiology Undergraduates: Results of Interventions Aimed at Improving Students' Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of mathematical literacy in any scientific career is widely recognized. However, various studies report lack of numeracy and mathematical literacy in students from various countries. In the present work, we present a detailed study of the mathematical literacy of Spanish undergraduate students of Biology enrolled in a Plant…

Vila, Francisca; Sanz, Amparo

2013-01-01

290

Two Views of Electronic Portfolios in Teacher Education: Non-Technology Undergraduates and Technology Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this descriptive study is to provide insights into teacher education students' perceptions of electronic portfolios. Twenty-three non-technology undergraduates and 14 graduate students in educational technology created complex electronic portfolios during the two years or more of their respective programs. Upon completion,…

Bartlett, Andrea; Sherry, Annette C.

2006-01-01

291

The Effects of Second Life on the Motivation of Undergraduate Students Learning a Foreign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virtual worlds are an emerging technology in computer-assisted learning. Due to the novelty of these new learning spaces, little research has been done on the use or the effects on students learning foreign languages. This research looks at how the use of the virtual world Second Life affects the motivation of students in an undergraduate Spanish…

Wehner, Amy K.; Gump, Andrew W.; Downey, Steve

2011-01-01

292

Psychological Type and Undergraduate Student Achievement in Pharmacy Course in Military Medical University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) was given to 264 students in an undergraduate Pharmacy course at a military medical university. Selected MBTI personality types were compared for achievement in the course using a t-test to compare total points earned. High grades were earned by students stronger in the traits of introversion (I) and judgment…

Shi, Ru; Shan, Shou-qin; Tian, Jian-quan

2007-01-01

293

Effects of Self-Control and Thinking Tools Training on Academic Performance of Undergraduate Venezuelan Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relative effectiveness of two variations of an elective course on self-control and study behavior in modifying academic performance of freshmen undergraduate students enrolled in the independent studies program of the Universidad Simon Bolivar, in Venezuela. Of the 29 freshmen students selected to participate in this study,…

Yaber, Guillermo

294

Student Perceptions of the Hip Hop Culture's Influence on the Undergraduate Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to determine how identification and engagement with the hip hop culture influenced the educational experiences of undergraduate students at a Midwestern, predominately White university by interviewing 11 students who self-identified as being immersed in the hip hop culture. Through a qualitative, phenomenological investigation,…

Wessel, Roger D.; Wallaert, Kerry A.

2011-01-01

295

Student Perceptions of the Importance of Employability Skill Provision in Business Undergraduate Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies examining student perceptions of employability skill development in business undergraduate programs are limited. Assurance of student buy-in is important to ensure learners engage with skill provision; to enable them to articulate their capabilities to potential employers; and to facilitate the transfer of acquired skills. The author…

Jackson, Denise

2013-01-01

296

Exploring a Virtual Conference Web Site for Undergraduate Health Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate health education students have been encouraged to attend professional conferences at the regional, state, and national levels. However, despite the benefits of attending these conferences, students may be reluctant to attend due to time and financial constraints among others. One solution for overcoming these barriers is the creation…

Johnson, Maureen; Tremethick, Mary Jane

2009-01-01

297

Undergraduate research in medical education: a descriptive study of students' views  

PubMed Central

Background Medical students engage in curricular and extracurricular activities, including undergraduate research (UR). The advantages, difficulties and motivations for medical students pursuing research activities during their studies have rarely been addressed. In Brazil, some medical schools have included undergraduate research into their curriculum. The present study aimed to understand the reality of scientific practice among medical students at a well-established Brazilian medical school, analyzing this context from the students’ viewpoint. Methods A cross-sectional survey based on a questionnaire applied to students from years one to six enrolled in an established Brazilian medical school that currently has no curricular UR program. Results The questionnaire was answered by 415 students, 47.2% of whom were involved in research activities, with greater participation in UR in the second half of the course. Independent of student involvement in research activities, time constraints were cited as the main obstacle to participation. Among students not involved in UR, 91.1% said they favored its inclusion in the curriculum, since this would facilitate the development of such activity. This approach could signify an approximation between the axes of teaching and research. Among students who had completed at least one UR project, 87.7% said they would recommend the activity to students entering the course. Conclusion Even without an undergraduate research program, students of this medical school report strong involvement in research activities, but discussion of the difficulties inherent in its practice is important to future developments.

2014-01-01

298

An evaluation of a complex simulated scenario with final year undergraduate children's nursing students.  

PubMed

The last decade has witnessed the emergence of simulation as a useful, but sometimes challenging teaching methodology. This is supported by a number of sources of evidence, which focus strongly upon student evaluation of the learning experience. The challenges are equally worth consideration. These include issues such as the commissioning of space, staff expertise in resourcing and creating a situation which is as close to real practice as possible. It is against this backdrop, following a number of years developing innovative clinical simulation at Cardiff University; children's nursing students were exposed to a complex simulated clinical shift. The activities included: managing the clinical area; the transfer of a sick child; managing a medication error; subsequent discussion with the parents; and prioritising and organising care. The use of role-play was utilised throughout, to create a realistic experience and the simulation activity took place in two settings to enable the transfer from one area to another. The simulation experience was undertaken at the end of the third year undergraduate program by three cohorts of students (n = 41). Following the experience, data were collected through a post-simulation de-briefing and a Likert style questionnaire, enabling the collection of qualitative and quantitative data concerned with the student's experience of the simulation. Overwhelmingly, the results showed that this was a positive experience for the students, demonstrating a number of perceived improvements in the application of their clinical skills. These included: development of specific management skills; enhanced confidence; development of self-awareness; and the transferability of skills to practice. Students also demonstrated strong agreement in terms of the realism of the experience. PMID:23101347

Davies, Jane; Nathan, Martina; Clarke, Dave

2012-01-01

299

Interactive Videoconference Supported Teaching in Undergraduate Nursing: A Case Study for ECG  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes how interactive videoconference can benefit the Electrocardiography (ECG) skills of undergraduate nursing students. We have implemented a learning system that interactively transfers the visual and practical aspects of ECG from a nursing skills lab into a classroom where the theoretical part of the course is taught. The…

Celikkan, Ufuk; Senuzun, Fisun; Sari, Dilek; Sahin, Yasar Guneri

2013-01-01

300

Sexual Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Female Undergraduate Students in Wuhan, China: The Only-Child versus Students with Siblings  

PubMed Central

Objectives This study explored sexual knowledge, attitudes and practices of female only-child undergraduates and made a comparison with students with siblings. Methods Anonymously completed questionnaires were received from 4,769 female undergraduates, recruited using randomized cluster sampling by type of university and students' major and grade. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess the effects of only-child on sexual knowledge, attitudes and practices among female undergraduates. Results Of 4,769 female undergraduate students, 41.0% were only-child and 59.0% were students with siblings. Compared with students with siblings, only-child students scored higher on sex-related knowledge, were more inclined to agree with premarital sex, multiple sex partners, one-night stands, extramarital lovers and homosexuality, and were more likely to have a boyfriend and experience sexual intercourse (73.6% vs. 61.4%; 24.0% vs. 14.0%). Only-children were less likely to experience coercion at first sex and have first sexual intercourse with men not their “boyfriends” than children with siblings (3.3% vs. 6.4%; 20.7% vs. 28.8%). There were no significant differences on other risky sexual behaviors (e.g. multiple sex partners and inconsistent condom use) between the only-child students and students with siblings. Conclusions Sexual knowledge, attitudes and some practices of only-child female undergraduates were different from students with siblings. Intervention should be designed according to different requirements of only-children and non-only-children.

Li, Shiyue; Chen, Rucheng; Cao, Yue; Li, Jingjing; Zuo, Dan; Yan, Hong

2013-01-01

301

Developing Student Global Perspectives through Undergraduate Family Resource Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An undergraduate home economics program at the University of North Dakota infuses global concepts in courses on consumer issues, personal and family finances, and family management. Substantive themes center around values, family resource management patterns, interdependence, global issues/problems, critical thinking, and global actors. (SK)

Crawford, Glinda

1993-01-01

302

Student Plagiarism and Faculty Responsibility in Undergraduate Engineering Labs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In undergraduate engineering labs, lab reports are routinely copied. By ignoring this form of plagiarism, teaching assistants and lab technicians neglect their role responsibility. By designing courses that facilitate it, however inadvertently, professors neglect their causal responsibility. Using the case of one university, we show via interviews…

Parameswaran, Ashvin; Devi, Poornima

2006-01-01

303

Priority Health Behavior Practices among Chinese Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the priority health behaviors among Chinese youth by administering a questionnaire to 1,917 undergraduates enrolled in three universities in China. The response rate was 89.7%. This survey found that 75.2% of the participants tried cigarettes at least once during their lifetime, over half had their first cigarette and alcoholic…

Johnson, Ping H.

2004-01-01

304

Thin-Layer Chromatography: Four Simple Activities for Undergraduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents activities that can be used to introduce thin-layer chromatography at the undergraduate level in relatively less developed countries and that can be performed with very simple and commonly available apparati in high schools and colleges. Activities include thin-layer chromatography with a test-tube, capillary feeder, burette, and rotating…

Anwar, Jamil; And Others

1996-01-01

305

A Survey of Undergraduate Student Reactions to Academic Advising  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the mid-western land-grant university under study, undergraduate academic advising is part of the teaching mission and under the purview of the academic deans. In the decentralized system used, academic advising is delivered via full-time professional advisors in advising centers serving entire colleges or multiple curricula, full-time…

Lynch, Michael L.

2004-01-01

306

Increasing Effectiveness in Teaching Ethics to Undergraduate Business Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditional approaches to teaching business ethics (philosophical analysis, moral quandaries, executive cases) may not be effective in persuading undergraduates of the importance of ethical behavior. Better techniques include values education, ethical decision-making models, analysis of ethical conflicts, and role modeling. (SK)

Lampe, Marc

1997-01-01

307

Exploring the Experiences of First-Generation, Multiethnic Undergraduate College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative research paper investigates the experiences of first-generation, multiethnic undergraduate students at two public, four-year universities in the Rocky Mountain region. The existing research paints a negative picture in regard to multiethnic students and first-generation students deciding to go to college, enrolling, and then rarely persisting to earn a degree. This study found that, converse to noted literature, the

Jody Donovan; Lehala Johnson

308

Learning approaches of undergraduate medical students to physiology in a non-PBL- and partially PBL-oriented curriculum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Campus; Manipal, Karnataka, India) conducts the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery program, for which the admission intakes are during the months of March and September. The present study was undertaken to study the differences in learning approaches to physiology of undergraduate medical students in a partially problem-based learning (PBL)- and non-PBL-oriented curriculum. PBL was introduced as a curricular reform for the September 2006 batch of students (partially PBL group), whereas it was not incorporated for the March 2006 batch of students (non-PBL group). Learning approaches to physiology of both groups of students were compared using the short inventory of approaches to learning. Mean scores for deep and strategic approaches were found to be significantly higher for the partially PBL group compared with the non-PBL group. The results of the present study support the earlier observation that PBL promotes a deep approach to learning.

Reem Rachel Abraham (Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Campus) Dept. of Physiology); P Vinod (Melaka Manipal Medical College Microbiology); M G Kamath (Melaka Manipal Medical College Physiology); K Asha (Kasturba Medical College Community Medicine); K. Ramnarayan (Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Campus) Dept. of Physiology)

2007-07-27

309

[The exploration and practice of production of transgenic zebrafish into undergraduate student gene engineering experimental teaching].  

PubMed

The preparation of transgenic animals is one of the core technology and critical achievement of gene engineering. However, it has not been reported that the gene engineering experimental course of undergraduate students in universities of mainland China has carried out the preparation of transgenic animals. In this paper, the authors took the advantage of scientific research platform, introduced the transgenic zebrafish technology to gene engineering experimental course of undergraduate students, and explored and practiced related teaching model, which had achieved good results and had great value to popularize. PMID:24579316

Yuan, Wu-Zhou; Deng, Yun

2013-11-01

310

Factors affecting the matriculation of African American undergraduate students in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous research studies indicated that African Americans remain severely underrepresented in the field of science, mathematics, engineering, and technology (SMET), making up only 3% of that workforce, while representing 11.1% of all professional and related workers and 12.6% of the general population. As this country moves towards a more culturally diverse population, then representation of African Americans in SMET-related fields must be addressed in order to ensure our nation's competitiveness in a global market. This research study analyzed characteristics of African American undergraduate SMET majors participating in the Alliance for Minority Participation (AMP) program in six different states located in the Southeast region of the United States. These states consisted of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, and South Carolina. AMP program participants completed a survey questionnaire, which collected information about potential factors that could affect their matriculation in SMET programs of studies at their respective institutions. Follow-up interviews and focus group sessions were also conducted with AMP participants to provide supplemental information to the survey data. The results of student responses were analyzed according to the type of institution the students attended (Historically Black College or University and Majority White Institution) as well as by the statewide Alliance program in which the students were involved. The students responded to survey questions that asked for their reasons for majoring in their field of study, their level of satisfaction with their institution, their impressions of student support programs and persons, their impressions of faculty and advisors, their reasons for thinking of switching majors, and their level of high school preparation. Statistical analyses of the student responses found that African American AMP students attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities differed from those attending Majority White Institutions in terms of their means for achieving future goals, their reasons for thinking of switching majors, their impressions of faculty and advisors, their beliefs that there was too much effort/stress involved in their major field, and their level of high school preparation and achievement. Further analyses determined that the five participating Alliances only differed in student opinions about the support provided by the AMP program/director.

Hall, Alfred L., II

311

A Comparison of Graduate and Undergraduate Teacher Education Students' Perceptions of Their Instructors' Use of "Microsoft PowerPoint"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the perceptions of 304 teacher education students regarding how effectively and meaningfully their instructors use the "Microsoft PowerPoint" presentation software program in their teaching and compared graduate and undergraduate students' perceptions to determine the extent to which graduate and undergraduate teacher educators…

Yilmazel-Sahin, Yesim

2009-01-01

312

A Career Needs Comparison of Elementary School Teachers and Undergraduate Students in an Elementary School Teacher Preparation Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine if the career needs of undergraduate students entering a teacher preparation program would be similar to the needs expressed by experienced teachers on the Minnesota Importance Questionnaire (MIP), the responses of 100 undergraduate elementary education students at Michigan State University were compared to those of 178 career…

Fitzgerald, Sheila M.

313

Analyzing the Attitude of Undergraduate Students toward Poverty and Impoverished Persons: Does Social Work Education Make a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the impact that undergraduate social work education had on students' attitude toward poverty as pretest and posttest data were collected from 166 university students enrolled in an undergraduate social work course that included a focus on poverty. At both stages of the study participants responded to a 37-item validated…

Weaver, Robert D.; Yun, Sung Hyun

2011-01-01

314

Is Vacation Apprenticeship of Undergraduate Life Science Students a Model for Human Capacity Development in the Life Sciences?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A life sciences undergraduate apprenticeship initiative was run during the vacations at a South African university. In particular, the initiative aimed to increase the number of students from disadvantaged backgrounds. Annually 12–18 undergraduate biology students were apprenticed to various institutions during the January and July vacations from 2005 to 2007. This was to develop their skills and interests in the

Colleen Thelma Downs

2010-01-01

315

Here I am Now! Critical ethnography and community service-learning with immigrant and refugee undergraduate students and youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Here I am Now! is the title a multi-ethnic group of immigrant and refugee undergraduate students and neighboring urban Vietnamese and Cambodian refugee youth gave to their participatory photography installation. The exhibit was the culmination of undergraduate students’ participation in a series of Community Service-Learning (CSL) courses offered through CIRCLE (Center for Immigrant and Refugee Community Leadership and Empowerment) at

Janna Shadduck-Hernández

2006-01-01

316

A Quasi-Experimental Study of Religiosity of Undergraduate Students Enrolled in an Online Christian Worldview Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine whether or not a change in religiosity would occur in undergraduate students at a West Coast Christian university as a result of their participation in an online Christian worldview course. Twenty-six undergraduate students participated in this pretest posttest quasi-experimental study which employed the…

Markette, Jo Ann Alicia Foley

2012-01-01

317

Undergraduate and Postgraduate Pharmacy Students' Perceptions of Plagiarism and Academic Honesty  

PubMed Central

Objectives To assess undergraduate and postgraduate pharmacy students' perceptions of plagiarism and academic honesty. Methods A questionnaire was administered to undergraduate and postgraduate pharmacy students to determine their levels of awareness of university policy concerning academic honesty; attitudes to plagiarism by rating the acceptability of a range of plagiarizing and cheating practices; and choice of appropriate penalties for a first and second occurrence. The choice of behaviors in response to a scenario about the preparation of a reading-based written assignment and the strategies that students would be prepared to use in order to submit the assignment on time were also assessed. Results Findings indicated widespread deficiencies in student knowledge of, and attitudes towards, plagiarism. Students did not perceive plagiarism as a serious issue and the use of inappropriate strategies for sourcing and acknowledging material was common. Conclusions The study highlights the importance of achieving a balance among the 3 dimensions of plagiarism management: prevention, detection and penalty.

Bonanno, Helen; Krass, Ines; Scouller, Karen; Smith, Lorraine

2009-01-01

318

Psychiatric Curriculum and its Impact on the Attitude of Indian Undergraduate Medical Students and Interns  

PubMed Central

Context: Psychiatry is given very less importance in the Indian undergraduate medical curriculum and this affects the attitudes of students toward psychiatry and mentally ill patients. Aim: To study the attitude of undergraduate medical students and interns toward psychiatry and mentally ill patients. Materials and Methods: Undergraduate medical students and interns of a private medical college and research institute in South India consented to form our sample. We studied the General Health Questionnaire, overall level of satisfaction in ongoing Medical course using Visual Analog Scale, attitudes toward psychiatry scale and the attitudes toward mentally ill patient's scale of the students, with their informed consent. SPSS version 18 was used for analysis of data. Results: Participation rate was 96%. Mean age of entire sample was 20.56 years. The total mean score on the General Health Questionnaire was 13.52 in first year but became worse toward internship (18.2). The level of satisfaction in the medical course dipped from 86% at baseline to 20% during internship. Equally high scores were noted in the attitude toward mentally ill scale. On the attitude toward psychiatry scale, there were more views on psychiatry as being an unscientific specialty, psychiatrists being considered poor role models, and psychiatric teaching was of low quality and psychiatry was the least preferred career choice. Conclusions: The undergraduate medical students have a very unfavorable attitude toward psychiatry and mentally ill patients.

Lingeswaran, Anand

2010-01-01

319

The hidden curriculum in undergraduate medical education: qualitative study of medical students' perceptions of teaching  

PubMed Central

Objective To study medical students' views about the quality of the teaching they receive during their undergraduate training, especially in terms of the hidden curriculum. Design Semistructured interviews with individual students. Setting One medical school in the United Kingdom. Participants 36 undergraduate medical students, across all stages of their training, selected by random and quota sampling, stratified by sex and ethnicity, with the whole medical school population as a sampling frame. Main outcome measures Medical students' experiences and perceptions of the quality of teaching received during their undergraduate training. Results Students reported many examples of positive role models and effective, approachable teachers, with valued characteristics perceived according to traditional gendered stereotypes. They also described a hierarchical and competitive atmosphere in the medical school, in which haphazard instruction and teaching by humiliation occur, especially during the clinical training years. Conclusions Following on from the recent reforms of the manifest curriculum, the hidden curriculum now needs attention to produce the necessary fundamental changes in the culture of undergraduate medical education.

Lempp, Heidi; Seale, Clive

2004-01-01

320

A modified version of the Drug Abuse Screening Test among undergraduate students  

PubMed Central

The present study assesses the prevalence of items from a modified version of the Drug Abuse Screening Test, Short Form (DAST-10) for substances other than alcohol among undergraduate students. More than 4,500 undergraduate students at a large Midwestern research university completed a web-based survey in 2005. Nearly 1 every 10 undergraduate students experienced three or more DAST-10 items in the past 12 months. Although the prevalence of illicit drug use did not differ by gender, undergraduate men were significantly more likely than women to report DAST-10 items. Less than 6% of individuals who reported three or more drug DAST-10 items had ever used treatment services for substance use. As a brief screening instrument, the DAST-10 offers promise for detecting possible drug abuse among college students. Based on the prevalence of drug use, colleges and universities are encouraged to provide screening opportunities to identify and to provide services for students at high risk for drug abuse.

McCabe, Sean Esteban; Boyd, Carol J.; Cranford, James A.; Morales, Michele; Slayden, Janie

2006-01-01

321

Undergraduate nursing students' compatibility with the nursing profession  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The high rate of attrition among nursing students has caused some nursing leaders to think about the necessity of considering students' personality during the process of admission into nursing schools. Due to the lack of studies on Iranian nursing students' personality traits, this study was designed to assess freshmen nursing students' personality characteristics and their compatibility with the demands

Mohsen Adib-Hajbaghery; Mansur Dianati

2005-01-01

322

Industry-Supported Team Students' Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The industry-supported team students' project enhances professional, intellectual and personal development of students while addressing the needs of local industry. In addition to achieving academic excellence, the students are exposed to industry requirements, and excel in effective oral communication and cooperative teamwork. The teamwork environment drastically improves the students' leadership ability both inside and outside of the classroom and their

Vladimir Glozman

323

Encouraging undergraduate research: a digital image processing approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, undergraduate research has gained significant attention in many computer science departments. There have been efforts to identify courses that could support undergraduate research activities. Some courses such as image processing provides excellent research opportunities to undergraduate students. However, in small and comprehensive schools there is little or no image processing research to support the course. This paper

Rahman Tashakkori

2005-01-01

324

Cross-disciplinary Research at Undergraduate Institutions (C-RUI)  

NSF Publications Database

The goal of the Cross-disciplinary Research at Undergraduate Institutions (C-RUI) is to support research efforts involving faculty from different fields and undergraduate students at predominantly undergraduate institutions. Only predominantly undergraduate institutions as defined in the Research at Undergraduate Institutions program announcement, NSF 00-144, are eligible to submit proposals. Full Proposal Preparation Instructions: This solicitation contains information that deviates from the...

325

Can a tablet device alter undergraduate science students' study behavior and use of technology?  

PubMed

This article reports findings from a study investigating undergraduate biological sciences students' use of technology and computer devices for learning and the effect of providing students with a tablet device. A controlled study was conducted to collect quantitative and qualitative data on the impact of a tablet device on students' use of devices and technology for learning. Overall, we found that students made extensive use of the tablet device for learning, using it in preference to laptop computers to retrieve information, record lectures, and access learning resources. In line with other studies, we found that undergraduate students only use familiar Web 2.0 technologies and that the tablet device did not alter this behavior for the majority of tools. We conclude that undergraduate science students can make extensive use of a tablet device to enhance their learning opportunities without institutions changing their teaching methods or computer systems, but that institutional intervention may be needed to drive changes in student behavior toward the use of novel Web 2.0 technologies. PMID:22665424

Morris, Neil P; Ramsay, Luke; Chauhan, Vikesh

2012-06-01

326

Can a tablet device alter undergraduate science students' study behavior and use of technology?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article reports findings from a study investigating undergraduate biological sciences students' use of technology and computer devices for learning and the effect of providing students with a tablet device. A controlled study was conducted to collect quantitative and qualitative data on the impact of a tablet device on students' use of devices and technology for learning. Overall, we found that students made extensive use of the tablet device for learning, using it in preference to laptop computers to retrieve information, record lectures, and access learning resources. In line with other studies, we found that undergraduate students only use familiar Web 2.0 technologies and that the tablet device did not alter this behavior for the majority of tools. We conclude that undergraduate science students can make extensive use of a tablet device to enhance their learning opportunities without institutions changing their teaching methods or computer systems, but that institutional intervention may be needed to drive changes in student behavior toward the use of novel Web 2.0 technologies.

Neil Morris (University of Leeds); Luke Ramsay (University of Leeds); Vikesh Chauhan (University of Leeds)

2012-06-01

327

The Characteristics and Experiences of Successful Undergraduate Latina Students Who Persist in Engineering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Females and underrepresented ethnic minorities earn a small percentage of engineering and computer science bachelor's degrees awarded in the United States, earn an even smaller proportion of master's and doctoral degrees, and are underrepresented in the engineering workforce (Engineering Workforce Commission, [2006], as cited in National Science Foundation, 2012; United States Department of Education, [2006], as cited in National Science Foundation, 2009a; United States Department of Education, [2006], as cited in National Science Foundation, 2009b). Considerable research has examined the perceptions, culture, curriculum, and pedagogy in engineering that inhibits the achievement of women and underrepresented ethnic minorities. This action research study used a qualitative approach to examine the characteristics and experiences of Latina students who pursued a bachelor's degree in the Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering at Arizona State University (ASU) as part of the 2008 first-time full-time freshman cohort. The researcher conducted two semi-structured individual interviews with seven undergraduate Latina students who successfully persisted to their fourth (senior) year in engineering. The researcher aimed to understand what characteristics made these students successful and how their experiences affected their persistence in an engineering major. The data collected showed that the Latina participants were motivated to persist in their engineering degree program due to their parents' expectations for success and high academic achievement; their desire to overcome the discrimination, stereotyping, and naysayers that they encountered; and their aspiration to become a role model for their family and other students interested in pursuing engineering. From the data collected, the researcher provided suggestions to implement and adapt educational activities and support systems within the Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering to improve the retention and graduation rates of Latinas in engineering at ASU.

Robinson, Carrie

328

Independent Research Projects Using Protein Extraction: Affordable Ways to Inquire, Discover & Publish for Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how to use protein extraction, quantification, and analysis in the undergraduate teaching laboratory to engage students in inquiry-based, discovery-driven learning. Detailed instructions for obtaining proteins from animal tissues, using BCA assay to quantify the proteins, and data analysis are provided. The experimental…

Pu, Rongsun

2010-01-01

329

Thinking about Exposure: Ethical Issues Arising from International Field Studies for Undergraduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the educational value of an undergraduate field visit to India undertaken by students from a British university. Examines educational and ethical questions and focuses on personal experiences of leading visits to Goa and Karnataka in South India. (Contains 24 references.) (YDS)

Martin, Adrian

2000-01-01

330

Relieving Career Anxiety and Indecision: The Role of Undergraduate Students' Perceived Control and Faculty Affiliations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As educators and mentors, we often focus on helping undergraduate students make career decisions. However, there is also value in helping alleviate career anxiety and indecision, both of which impede decision-making and are not automatically resolved once a decision is made. This research examined the role of individual differences (age, gender,…

Daniels, Lia M.; Stewart, Tara L.; Stupnisky, Robert H.; Perry, Raymond P.; LoVerso, Tatiana

2011-01-01

331

Curvilinear Relationships between Statistics Anxiety and Performance among Undergraduate Students: Evidence for Optimal Anxiety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the possibility of a curvilinear relationship between statistics anxiety and performance in a statistics course. Eighty-three undergraduate students enrolled in an introductory course completed measures of statistics anxiety and need for achievement at seven points during the semester in conjunction with six tests. Statistics…

Keeley, Jared; Zayac, Ryan; Correia, Christopher

2008-01-01

332

Smoking Cessation and Relapse Prevention among Undergraduate Students: A Pilot Demonstration Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The prevalence of college students' tobacco use is widely recognized, but successful cessation and relapse-prevention programs for these smokers have drawn little attention. The authors, who explored the feasibility of training peers to lead cessation and relapse-prevention programs for undergraduates, found a quit rate of 88.2%, suggesting that…

Ramsay, Jim; Hoffmann, Anne

2004-01-01

333

Faculty as Undergraduate Research Mentors for Students of Color: Taking into Account the Costs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on the findings of a 2-year study that examined the nature of effective faculty/student undergraduate research (UR) science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) relationships. The study site was a large urban public college where three fourths of all incoming freshmen receive need-based aid; and although not a…

Schwartz, Joni

2012-01-01

334

Undergraduate honors students' images of science: Nature of scientific work and scientific knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This exploratory study assessed the influence of an implicit, inquiry-oriented nature of science (NOS) instructional approach undertaken in an interdisciplinary college science course on undergraduate honor students' (UHS) understanding of the aspects of NOS for scientific work and scientific knowledge. In this study, the nature of scientific work concentrated upon the delineation of science from pseudoscience and the value scientists

Michael L. Wallace

2002-01-01

335

The Relationship between Personality Types A and B and Academic Dishonesty of Undergraduate and Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1941, academic dishonesty has been recognized in the professional literature as a serious problem. Personality Types A and B have been suspected as contributors to cheating. In this quasi-experimental study, undergraduate and graduate students (N = 112) at one academic institution were surveyed about their attitudes and cheating behavior.…

Thorne-Figueroa, Jacqueline Marie

2010-01-01

336

Lessons Learned from Undergraduate Students in Designing a Science-Based Course in Bioethics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Columbia University offers two innovative undergraduate science-based bioethics courses for student majoring in biosciences and pre-health studies. The goals of these courses are to introduce future scientists and healthcare professionals to the ethical questions they will confront in their professional lives, thus enabling them to strategically…

Loike, John D.; Rush, Brittany S.; Schweber, Adam; Fischbach, Ruth L.

2013-01-01

337

Critical Appraisal of Information on the Web in Practice: Undergraduate Students' Knowledge, Reported Use, and Behaviour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduates use a wide range of information resources for academic and nonacademic purposes, including web sites that range from credible, peer reviewed, online journal sites, to biased and inaccurate promotional web sites. Students are taught basic critical appraisal skills, but do they apply these skills to make decisions about information in…

Hogan, Neil; Varnhagen, Connie

2012-01-01

338

Undergraduate Management Students' Perceptions of What Makes a Successful Virtual Group  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: There are a number of factors that are essential to understanding the pedagogy, learning and knowledge requirements of developing virtual platforms for delivering effective course interaction using the World Wide Web (the web). The purpose of this paper is to focus on web-based group work amongst undergraduate management students, during…

Gapp, Rod; Fisher, Ron

2012-01-01

339

Teaching Structure: Student Use of Software Tools for Understanding Macromolecular Structure in an Undergraduate Biochemistry Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because understanding the structure of biological macromolecules is critical to understanding their function, students of biochemistry should become familiar not only with viewing, but also with generating and manipulating structural representations. We report a strategy from a one-semester undergraduate biochemistry course to integrate use of…

Jaswal, Sheila S.; O'Hara, Patricia B.; Williamson, Patrick L.; Springer, Amy L.

2013-01-01

340

Exploring Factors Affecting Undergraduate Medical Students' Study Strategies in the Clinical Years: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to explore the effects of clinical supervision, and assessment characteristics on the study strategies used by undergraduate medical students during their clinical rotations. We conducted a qualitative phenomenological study at King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, College of Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi…

Al Kadri, Hanan M. F.; Al-Moamary, Mohamed S.; Elzubair, Margaret; Magzoub, Mohi Eldien; AlMutairi, Abdulrahman; Roberts, Christopher; van der Vleuten, Cees

2011-01-01

341

The Relationship between Metalinguistic Knowledge and Learning Outcomes among Undergraduate Students of Chinese  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of metalinguistic knowledge in learning a foreign/second language is the subject of continuing debate. In this paper we report on a study which explores this issue further with reference to undergraduate students of Chinese as a second/foreign language. The first part of the paper describes the process of developing and validating an…

Elder, Catherine; Manwaring, Diane

2004-01-01

342

Promoting Active Learning: Student-Led Data Gathering in Undergraduate Statistics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholarship on teaching undergraduates increasingly emphasizes the benefits of providing students with an active role in their education whereby instructors are more aptly described as facilitators of knowledge rather than merely providers of it. Additionally, recommendations from the American Sociological Association aimed specifically at the…

Strangfeld, Jennifer A.

2013-01-01

343

Undergraduate Involvement in Extracurricular Activities and Leadership Development in College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify and describe experiences of undergraduate extracurricular involvement that result in increased leadership development. Senior students in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Iowa State University completed an online questionnaire about their extracurricular experiences. Leadership development…

Foreman, Elizabeth A.; Retallick, Michael S.

2012-01-01

344

Students' Self-Reported Changes in Intercultural Knowledge and Competence Associated with Three Undergraduate Science Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study abroad is the latest "must have" experience for undergraduate students according to an article in the November 4, 2007 "New York Times" (Pappano, 2007). University mission statements increasingly emphasize internationalization and employers increasingly seek graduates with experience in the global arena. This focus on international…

Bender, Carol; Wright, David; Lopatto, David

2009-01-01

345

Student Perceptions of an Upper-Level, Undergraduate Human Anatomy Laboratory Course without Cadavers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several programs in health professional education require or are considering requiring upper-level human anatomy as prerequisite for their applicants. Undergraduate students are confronted with few institutions offering such a course, in part because of the expense and logistical issues associated with a cadaver-based human anatomy course. This…

Wright, Shirley J.

2012-01-01

346

Integration of Micromouse project with undergraduate curriculum: a large-scale student participation approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a successful integration of the Micromouse project with regular undergraduate courses at California State University, Fullerton. A micromouse is a computer controlled autonomous mobile robot which can find a predetermined destination when placed in an unknown maze. The goals of this paper are to report a complete design example suitable for large-scale student participation and to discuss

Ning Chen; Hwang Chung; Young K. Kwon

1995-01-01

347

Undergraduate Students Assessment on Materials Chemistry Topic using an Auto-Calibrated Online System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development of communication and information technology has an important impact on teaching, learning and knowledge assessment. According with national trends in objective evaluation of undergraduate students' knowledge, starting with experiences obtained by creation of the multiple choices examination system for general chemistry, an auto-calibrated online evaluation system was developed. The aim of the research was to assess the first year

Lorentz JÄNTSCHI; Sorana Daniela BOLBOAC

348

Trends in Alcohol Consumption among Undergraduate Students at a Northeastern Public University, 2002-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study examined alcohol consumption patterns and trends at a public university in the Northeast from 2002 to 2008. Participants: Stratified random sampling was used to select undergraduate students enrolled in courses during spring semesters in 2002, 2004, 2006, and 2008. Methods: Data were collected during regularly scheduled…

Bulmer, Sandra Minor; Irfan, Syed; Mugno, Raymond; Barton, Barbara; Ackerman, Louise

2010-01-01

349

Examining the Relationships between Resilience, Mental Health, and Academic Persistence in Undergraduate College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: In this study, the relationships between measures of interpersonal resilience, intrapersonal resilience, and mental health were examined with respect to academic and social integration, key determinants of academic persistence. Participants: A sample (n = 605) of undergraduate students was recruited from 2 midwestern universities during…

Hartley, Michael T.

2011-01-01

350

Bacterial Production of Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate): An Undergraduate Student Laboratory Experiment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a multidisciplinary course that is cross-listed between five departments, we developed an undergraduate student laboratory experiment for culturing, isolating, and purifying the biopolymer, poly(3-hydroxybutyrate), PHB. This biopolyester accumulates in the cytoplasm of bacterial cells under specific growth conditions, and it has…

Burns, Kristi L.; Oldham, Charlie D.; May, Sheldon W.

2009-01-01

351

Information and Communication Technologies Used by Undergraduate Students in their Academic and Socialization Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growth of availability and access to Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in higher education in Mexico is a fact. Nevertheless, not much is known about how students use these resources in their school and social activities. A survey to obtain information about how undergraduates use web resources and cell phones was designed and…

Herrera-Batista, Miguel A.; Gonzalez-Martinez, Maria Dolores

2008-01-01

352

A Study of 8 Fundamental Moral Characteristics among Thai Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study is to explore the eight fundamental moral characteristics of undergraduate students in order to benefit instructional model development. The eight moral characteristics are diligence, frugality, honesty, discipline, politeness, cleanliness, unity and generosity. The study findings rank these eight moral characteristics…

Ngammuk, Patariya

2011-01-01

353

Cooperative Learning, Jigsaw Strategies, and Reflections of Graduate and Undergraduate Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classes of undergraduate and graduate students assigned to three professors were used to experience cooperative learning, jigsaw strategies, and to reflect on the process that occurred over a semester. The work is based upon theories of social interdependence, cognitive development, and behavioral learning. Pre- and post surveys were completed by…

Morgan, Bobbette M.; Rodriguez, Alma D.; Rosenberg, Graciela P.

2008-01-01

354

A Computational-Modeling Course for Undergraduate Students in Chemical Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The PC-based software technology, a computational-modeling course, for undergraduate chemistry students helps them to understand the molecular modeling in a better way. This course would be able to accommodate a wider array of topics and a greater depth of theory as the modeling is increasingly incorporated into the chemistry curriculum.

Hessley, Rita K.

2004-01-01

355

Comparing Assessment Methods as Predictors of Student Learning in an Undergraduate Mathematics Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This experiment was designed to determine which assessment method: continuous assessment (in the form of daily in-class quizzes), cumulative assessment (in the form of online homework), or project-based learning, best predicted student learning (dependent upon post-test grades) in an undergraduate mathematics course. Participants included 117…

Shorter, Nichole A.; Young, Cynthia Y.

2011-01-01

356

Procrastination and the 2 x 2 Achievement Goal Framework in Malaysian Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated academic procrastination in the context of the 2 x 2 goal achievement theoretical framework within a population of 450 Malaysian undergraduate students, aged 18 to 25 years. Participants completed the Achievement Goal Questionnaire and the Tuckman Procrastination Test. Approach dimensions of both the mastery and…

Ganesan, Rajalakshmi; Mamat, Norul Hidayah Bt; Mellor, David; Rizzuto, Laura; Kolar, Christina

2014-01-01

357

E-Book Use by Students: Undergraduates in Economics, Literature, and Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faculty and students in economics, literature, and medicine (including nursing) are frequent users of e-books. This study examines search behavior and use patterns of undergraduates majoring in the three subjects. The findings have particular relevance for publishers, vendors, content aggregators, classroom instructors, and librarians promoting…

Hernon, Peter; Hopper, Rosita; Leach, Michael R.; Saunders, Laura L.; Zhang, Jane

2007-01-01

358

Student Perspectives on Enrolling in Undergraduate Forestry Degree Programs in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate U.S. forestry degree programs experienced a steady decline in enrollments over a decade beginning in the mid-1990s. This decline prompted a survey of students enrolled in these programs to determine what factors led to their decisions to matriculate there and conversely, what may have made them hesitant to do so. The sample…

Sharik, Terry L.; Frisk, Stacey L.

2011-01-01

359

Quantitative Investigations of Biodiesel Fuel Using Infrared Spectroscopy: An Instrumental Analysis Experiment for Undergraduate Chemistry Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Biodiesel has gained attention in recent years as a renewable fuel source due to its reduced greenhouse gas and particulate emissions, and it can be produced within the United States. A laboratory experiment designed for students in an upper-division undergraduate laboratory is described to study biodiesel production and biodiesel mixing with…

Ault, Andrew P.; Pomeroy, Robert

2012-01-01

360

Is a Basketball Free-Throw Sequence Nonrandom? A Group Exercise for Undergraduate Statistics Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I describe a group exercise that I give to my undergraduate biostatistics class. The exercise involves analyzing a series of 200 consecutive basketball free-throw attempts to determine whether there is any evidence for sequential dependence in the probability of making a free-throw. The students are given the exercise before they have learned the…

Adolph, Stephen C.

2007-01-01

361

Embedding Information Literacy in an Undergraduate Management Degree: Lecturers' and Students' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the results of a case study investigating the extent to which information literacy is integrated into student learning in an undergraduate Management degree at Queen's University Belfast. The first part of the paper focuses on how information literacy was embedded in two modules delivered by the author. An analysis of assessed…

Cochrane, Clive

2006-01-01

362

DefEX: Hands-On Cyber Defense Exercise for Undergraduate Students.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

DefEX incorporates a set of hands-on cyber security exercises aimed at developing problem-solving proficiency, teamwork, and cyber defense skills in undergraduate students. The exercises include Code-Level and System-Level Hardening, Static and Dynamic Re...

B. A. Kropa S. M. Glumich

2011-01-01

363

Mobile Phone Applications in the University Classroom: Perceptions of Undergraduate Students in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this study is to determine the level of mobile phone applications in university classrooms in Jordan. A sample of 313 undergraduate students participated in the study by completing the researchers' designed questionnaire, which is composed of 13 items. The results of the study indicate that participants perceived a high…

Ashour, Rateb; Alzghool, Haneen; Iyadat, Yousef; Abu-Alruz, Jamal

2012-01-01

364

The Development of Internet Use for Communication among Undergraduate Students: A Multilevel Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As few studies utilized longitudinal design to examine the development of Internet use for communication, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of gender and initial Internet use for communication on subsequent use. The study sample was 280 undergraduate students who were assessed at five time points. Hierarchical linear models were…

Huang, Chiungjung

2011-01-01

365

Neuroscience Workshops for Fifth-Grade School Children by Undergraduate Students: A University-School Partnership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Science Education Standards recommend that science be taught using inquiry-based approaches. Inspired by the Dana Alliance for Brain Initiatives, we examined whether undergraduate students could learn how to conduct field research by teaching elementary school children basic neuroscience concepts in interactive workshops. In an…

Foy, Judith G.; Feldman, Marissa; Lin, Edward; Mahoney, Margaret; Sjoblom, Chelsea

2006-01-01

366

Evaluation of a web-based ECG-interpretation programme for undergraduate medical students  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Most clinicians and teachers agree that knowledge about ECG is of importance in the medical curriculum. Students at Karolinska Institutet have asked for more training in ECG-interpretation during their undergraduate studies. Clinical tutors, however, have difficulties in meeting these demands due to shortage of time. Thus, alternative ways to learn and practice ECG-interpretation are needed. Education offered via the

Mikael Nilsson; Gunilla Bolinder; Claes Held; Bo-Lennart Johansson; Uno Fors; Jan Östergren

2008-01-01

367

Some Undergraduate Students' Perceptions of Using Technology for Mathematics: Tales of Resistance  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe and report some results from a project designed to evaluate the use of information technology (IT) for teaching and learning on a range of undergraduate mathematics courses at a U.K. university. The project involved qualitative methods of enquiry (diaries and seminars). We emphasise that many of the students were positive about much of their use of IT; however

Hilary Povey; Myka Ransom

2000-01-01

368

Basic English Writing: An Experimental Course Structure against Semantic Misinterpretation in Undergraduate Student Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Course designs for Basic English Writing classes vary from one course to another. The objective of this study was to investigate the semantic misinterpretation of English words found in the English compositions written by native-Chinese-speaking undergraduate students and to overcome if such a barrier occurred in the process of writing. First,…

In, Fan-yu; Liao, Hui-Chuan

2008-01-01

369

The effect of a timed writing assessment on ESL undergraduate engineering students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pressure from engineering faculty and external accreditors to improve the quality of undergraduates' communication skills led to the development of a timed writing assessment, which has resulted in an unproportionally high failure rate among English as Second Language (ESL) students. This paper provides explanations for why some ESL writers are unable to successfully negotiate a timed writing instrument, the types

Joanne Lax

2005-01-01

370

Citation Behavior of Undergraduate Students: A Study of History, Political Science, and Sociology Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this analysis was to obtain local citation behavior data on undergraduates researching history, political science, and sociology papers. The study found that students cited books and journals even with the availability of web sources; however, usage varied by subject. References to specific websites' domains also varied across subject…

Hendley, Michelle

2012-01-01

371

An Undergraduate Student of Color on the Study of Success in STEM  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this chapter, the author looks back at his undergraduate experiences and ahead to his own future as an education researcher. He also offers recommendations for future research on students of color in STEM. His suggested topics of research include: (1) the factors that compel racial minorities to choose STEM majors; (2) the learning and…

Williams, Bobby R.

2010-01-01

372

Teaching child and adolescent psychiatry to undergraduate medical students - A survey in German-speaking countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To conduct a survey about teaching child and adolescent psychiatry to undergraduate medical students in German-speaking countries. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to the 33 academic departments of child and adolescent psychiatry in Germany, Austria, and the German-speaking part of Switzerland. RESULTS: All departments responded. For teaching knowledge, the methods most commonly reported were lectures and case presentations. The

Reiner Frank; Florian Frank

2010-01-01

373

Physical movement and imagery in professional and undergraduate student solo marimba practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive strategies and imagery are important features of expert musical practice. Movement imagery is important for developing note-accurate marimba performance. We report findings of a study where four profes- sional marimba players and four undergraduate student marimba play- ers completed questionnaires regarding their practice strategies and use of imagery in performance preparation. Since pedagogical marimba practice involves developing movement imagery,

Mary Broughton; Catherine Stevens

2009-01-01

374

Differences in Knowledge Networks about Acids and Bases of Year-12, Undergraduate and Postgraduate Chemistry Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differences in the status of ontological categories on the concept maps of secondary-, undergraduate- and graduate-level chemistry students were analyzed with the "Pathfinder" scaling algorithm and multidimensional scaling. Results indicate differences among groups in the structural significance of abstract process-related nodes and matter-related…

Wilson, Janice M.

1998-01-01

375

Investigation of the Factors Influencing Music Listening Emotions and Music Liking for Taiwan Undergraduate Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of musical elements (tempo and dynamics) onlisteners' positive-negative emotion, arousal emotion and music liking for undergraduate students in Taiwan. Subjects (N = 92), all non-music majors, completed Music Listening Emotions and Music Liking Scales while listening to eight music excerpts. The music excerpts were chosen to represent the interactions of

Ching-Fang Huang; Shun-Wen Wu; Sieh-Hwa Lin; Sheau-Yuh Lin

376

The Relationship Between Music Excerpts and Emotional Responses of Undergraduate Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to survey the relationship between music excerpts and emotion responses, including the coefficient between familiarity and preference. Participants were 179 undergraduate students, non-music majors and attendants of music course for general education, from three universities in northern, middle and southern Taiwan. Scale of Music Listening Emotion and Scale of Music Preference were developed to

Ching-Fang Huang; Shun-Wen Wu

2007-01-01

377

Instrumental Music Education Students' Perceptions of Tensions Experienced during Their Undergraduate Degree  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to recent concern regarding music education major retention and as an effort to contribute to the "lives of teachers" scholarship in music education, the primary research question for this study was: How do undergraduate students describe their lived experiences within the instrumental music education community? Data included a…

Conway, Colleen; Eros, John; Pellegrino, Kristen; West, Chad

2010-01-01

378

Physical Activity and the Common Cold in Undergraduate University Students: Implications for Health Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The common cold, known as upper respiratory tract infection (URTI), is the world's most prevalent illness. The purpose of this study was to determine if physical activity is linked to the incidence and/or duration of the common cold. Method: Undergraduate university students (n=200) were asked to complete two questionnaires. The…

Vossen, Deborah P.; McArel, Heather; Vossen, Jeffery F.; Thompson, Angela M.

2004-01-01

379

The Values Profile of Nursing Undergraduate Students: Implications for Education and Professional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Values Scale results were compared for 152 nursing and 111 management undergraduates. Personal development and altruism were most important for nursing students, who had significantly lower means than the management sample on a t-test for lifestyle, advancement, autonomy, authority, creativity, economic, and risk values. (SK)

Thorpe, Karran; Loo, Robert

2003-01-01

380

How and Why We Should Encourage Undergraduate Geography Students to Participate in the Erasmus Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studying or working abroad during the course of an undergraduate degree has been associated with many positive outcomes and benefits. Despite this, there is scant literature on the role higher education institution (HEIs) play in encouraging outgoing student mobility. There is subsequently limited practical guidance for individuals within HEIs…

Deakin, Hannah

2013-01-01

381

Student Experiences and Perceptions of Team-Teaching in a Large Undergraduate Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines student experiences and perceptions of two models of team-teaching employed at a regional Australian university to teach a large undergraduate marketing subject. The two team-teaching models adopted for use in this subject can be characterised by the large number of team members (ten and six) and the relatively low level of team involvement in the planning and

Venkata K. Yanamandram; Gary Noble

2006-01-01

382

Undergraduate Student Preferences for Graduate Training in Psychology: Implications for School Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There continues to be a critical shortage of school psychologist practitioners and academicians. Undergraduate students in psychology, education, and other majors (N = 674) from a large comprehensive university in the southwest completed an examiner-made web-based questionnaire designed to assess their attitudes and preferences for choosing…

Stinnett, Terry A.; Bui, Levita; Capaccioli, Kristen

2013-01-01

383

Grade/Study-Performance Contracts, Enhanced Communication, Cooperative Learning, and Student Performance in Undergraduate Organic Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes and evaluates a teaching strategy, designed to increase student retention while maintaining academic performance levels in undergraduate organic chemistry, that uses grade/study-performance contracts, enhanced communication using electronic mail, and cooperative learning. Concludes that a series of interventions can substantially…

Dougherty, Ralph C.

1997-01-01

384

Factor Structure and Psychometric Properties of the Young Schema Questionnaire (Short Form) in Chinese Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated cross-cultural differences in the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Young Schema Questionnaire (short form; YSQ-SF). The participants were 712 Chinese undergraduate students. The total sample was randomly divided into two sub-samples. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was conducted on questionnaire results…

Cui, Lixia; Lin, Wenwen; Oei, Tian P. S.

2011-01-01

385

Peer Feedback in an Undergraduate Programme: Using Action Research to Overcome Students' Reluctance to Criticise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within an undergraduate programme, a four-year, action research project implemented, evaluated and refined a regime of peer assessment focused on generating high-quality peer feedback. Changes in structure and process transformed a system that had initially been characterised by a reluctance to criticise fellow students into one that produced…

McMahon, Tim

2010-01-01

386

Using Qualitative Methods in Teaching Undergraduate Students Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An applied clinical research course helped nursing students acquire an understanding of research and its relationship to clinical practice. The course contrasted qualitative and quantitative methods, addressed ethical issues, and involved students in interviewing older adults about health behavior. (SK)

Bull, Margaret J.

1992-01-01

387

Encouraging Undergraduate Students to Publish: Getting Their Message into Print.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a collaboration between a nutrition department and a university writing center, students practiced developing articles and research papers and were guided through the writing process; 25 of 44 students had their manuscripts published in diverse newsletters. (SK)

Vickery, Connie E.; And Others

1996-01-01

388

An Online Elective Course for Undergraduate Students on Common Prescription Medications  

PubMed Central

Objectives To design, implement, and evaluate an online elective course on common prescription medications for undergraduate (pre- and non-health professional) students. Design An 8-module online course on common prescription medications was designed following the ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation) instructional design model and offered to students for 8 consecutive semesters. Assessment Following each offering, performance data were analyzed and a course review conducted, including evaluation of entrance survey data and course evaluations. Direct analysis of data over 2 offerings and grade distribution comparisons over all 8 offerings, demonstrated consistent knowledge gains. Feedback from course evaluations and a continual increase in enrollment over the 8 semesters indicated student satisfaction with the course. Conclusion Systematic design and quality assurance/improvement strategies resulted in the successful establishment of an online pharmacotherapy course for undergraduate, nonpharmacy students.

Janke, Kristin K.; Bumgardner, Melissa A.

2009-01-01

389

What if Undergraduate Students Designed Their Own Web Learning Environment? Exploring Students' Web 2.0 Mentality through Participatory Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following the increasing calls for a more skeptical analysis of web 2.0 and the empowerment of learners' voices in formulating upcoming technologies, this paper elaborates on the participatory design of a web learning environment. A total of 117 undergraduate students from two Greek Informatics Departments participated in 25 participatory design…

Palaigeorgiou, G.; Triantafyllakos, G.; Tsinakos, A.

2011-01-01

390

Advanced Undergraduate and Early Graduate Physics Students' Misconception about Solar Wind Flow: Evidence of Students' Difficulties in Distinguishing Paradigms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anecdotal evidence has suggested that advanced undergraduate students confuse the spiral structure of the interplanetary magnetic field with the flow of the solar wind. Though it is a small study, this paper documents this misconception and begins to investigate the underlying issues behind it. We present evidence that the traditional presentation…

Gross, Nicholas A.; Lopez, Ramon E.

2009-01-01

391

Comparing Mental Health Issues among Undergraduate and Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Stress and other mental health issues can negatively impact the health and academic performance of college students. Purpose: Examine relationships among stress, mental health, and academic classification in a national sample of college students. Methods: Analyses utilized secondary data from 27 387 college students responding to the…

Wyatt, Tammy; Oswalt, Sara B.

2013-01-01

392

A Profile of Undergraduate Student Parents in Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student parents are a significant minority population on Canadian post-secondary campuses. As research exploring this population has been extremely limited to date, this study provides the first national profile of Canadian student parents. We explore student parent enrolment patterns over time and examine current demographic characteristics. The…

van Rhijn, Tricia M.; Quosai, Trudy Smit; Lero, Donna S.

2011-01-01

393

Mini skirts and headscarves: undergraduate student perceptions of secularism in Turkish higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is based on a qualitative study that examines the perceptions of advanced undergraduate students in five Turkish\\u000a state universities regarding their understanding of the concept of secularism and its manifestation within the higher education\\u000a sector. The study further illuminates these students’ perspectives of how the university may change in relation to their understanding\\u000a of secularism. This inquiry was

Reitumetse Obakeng Mabokela; Fatma Nevra Seggie

2008-01-01

394

Understanding undergraduate students’ experience: a content analysis using NSSE open-ended comments as an example  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study demonstrates how a qualitative content analysis method may be used to help understand undergraduate students’ experience.\\u000a We examine and rationalize the methodological concerns regarding content analysis of open-ended comments in the qualitative\\u000a study. We describe a data analysis technique, using qualitative responses from National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE)\\u000a as an example, and highlight the findings in a

Tony Chambers; Ching-Hsiao Chiang

2012-01-01

395

Best Practices in Organizing a Cadre of Undergraduate Science Outreach Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Engaging future scientists, while they are undergraduates, in education and public outreach is an effective strategy for ensuring future participation in high-quality education and public outreach. Since 2003, the National Optical Astronomy Observatory has organized undergraduate science students for education and public outreach work. This outreach cadre has proven remarkably successful at running star parties, working with schools and afterschool programs such as at the Boys and Girls Clubs, conducting special projects related to Spanish language astronomy education materials, and in building kits for use in outreach. They have also done programs with portable planetariums and have even fixed a planetarium projector. Students have also played integral roles in several NSF-funded education projects such as Hands-On Optics. We explain our model for recruiting, training, and organizing our team of 5-7 students. These students are paid for their work but also are mentored in science, their coursework, and in other skills critical for professional success. Notably, a large number of these students have gone on to pursue graduate work. We also describe our use of undergraduate students who participated in our outreach work as part of the Collaboration to Advance Teaching Technology and Science NSF GK-12 project.

Pompea, S. M.; Walker, C. E.; Sparks, R.

2011-12-01

396

Strategies for Embedding Scholarship in the Educational Experiences of Engineering Technology Undergraduate Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The hallmark of Engineering Technology (ET) programs is its student-centered curriculum and hands-on approach to teaching. Many institutions with ET programs now require scholarship of their ET faculty in addition to their teaching duties. In many institutions that have always emphasized scholarship and research, undergraduate student education has often times taken a back seat to research. The question that arises for ET programs as we begin to engage in scholarly activities is: how do we insure that ET scholarship is student-centered similar to ET teaching and curriculum? The benefits of scholarship to ET students include enhancement of their critical thinking, innovative, lifelong learning skills, skills that many ET employers today are looking for in our students. In this paper, the author examines issues relating to the importance of scholarship to ET undergraduate students, barriers to ET student scholarship, mechanisms for embedding scholarship in the ET curriculum, resources required to facilitate ET student scholarship, and feedback from ET student scholars who recently worked on a scholarly project with the author. The author concludes that embedding scholarship in the ET curriculum is very desirable and suggests some ways and means to facilitate and nurture student scholarship in ET.

Aghayere, Abi

2009-08-27

397

The C-MORE Scholars Program: Engaging minority students in STEM through undergraduate research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There have been several studies that show how undergraduate research experiences (REU) have a positive impact on a student’s academic studies and career path, including being a positive influence toward improving the student's lab skills and ability to work independently. Moreover, minority students appear to relate to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) concepts better when they are linked with (1) a service learning component, and (2) STEM courses that include a cultural and social aspect that engages the student in a way that does not distract from the student’s technical learning. It is also known that a “place-based” approach that incorporates traditional (indigenous) knowledge can help engage underrepresented minority groups in STEM disciplines and increase science literacy. Based on the methods and best practices used by other minority serving programs and described in the literature, the Center for Microbial Oceanography: Research and Education (C-MORE) has successfully developed an academic-year REU to engage and train the next generation of scientists. The C-MORE Scholars Program provides undergraduate students majoring in an ocean or earth science-related field, especially underrepresented students such as Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders, the opportunity to participate in unique and cutting edge hands-on research experiences. The program appoints awardees at one of three levels based on previous research and academic experience, and students can progress through the various tiers as their skills and STEM content knowledge develop. All awardees receive guidance on a research project from a mentor who is a scientist at the university and/or industry. A key component of the program is the inclusion of professional development activities to help the student continue towards post graduation education or prepare for career opportunities after they receive their undergraduate STEM degree.

Gibson, B. A.; Bruno, B. C.

2010-12-01

398

Student Perceptions of Teacher Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Working theories about student goal orientation, understanding of intelligence, and affective mediation of task engagement inform current beliefs about students and learning and motivation. Much research has focused on identifying effective teaching strategies to raise the achievement of disadvantaged students; however, less is…

Dolan, Alyson Lavigne; McCaslin, Mary

2008-01-01

399

How Undergraduate Engineering Students Perceive Women’s (and Men’s) Problems in Science, Math and Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares perceptions of problems for women and men in the fields of science, math, and engineering among undergraduate\\u000a engineering students surveyed at a mid-Atlantic American university over a period of 5 years. Gender differences in these\\u000a perceptions are analyzed, as are changes in these perceptions over the course of the undergraduate years. Undergraduate exposure\\u000a to female role models in

Harriet Hartman; Moshe Hartman

2008-01-01

400

Identifying Important Career Indicators of Undergraduate Geoscience Students Upon Completion of Their Degree  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Geosciences Institute (AGI) decided to create the National Geoscience Student Exit Survey in order to identify the initial pathways into the workforce for these graduating students, as well as assess their preparedness for entering the workforce upon graduation. The creation of this survey stemmed from a combination of experiences with the AGI/AGU Survey of Doctorates and discussions at the following Science Education Research Center (SERC) workshops: "Developing Pathways to Strong Programs for the Future", "Strengthening Your Geoscience Program", and "Assessing Geoscience Programs". These events identified distinct gaps in understanding the experiences and perspectives of geoscience students during one of their most profound professional transitions. Therefore, the idea for the survey arose as a way to evaluate how the discipline is preparing and educating students, as well as identifying the students' desired career paths. The discussions at the workshops solidified the need for this survey and created the initial framework for the first pilot of the survey. The purpose of this assessment tool is to evaluate student preparedness for entering the geosciences workforce; identify student decision points for entering geosciences fields and remaining in the geosciences workforce; identify geosciences fields that students pursue in undergraduate and graduate school; collect information on students' expected career trajectories and geosciences professions; identify geosciences career sectors that are hiring new graduates; collect information about salary projections; overall effectiveness of geosciences departments regionally and nationally; demonstrate the value of geosciences degrees to future students, the institutions, and employers; and establish a benchmark to perform longitudinal studies of geosciences graduates to understand their career pathways and impacts of their educational experiences on these decisions. AGI's Student Exit Survey went through a second pilot testing with Spring 2012 graduates from 45 departments across the United States. These graduating students from undergraduate and graduate programs answered questions about their earth science education experiences at the high school, community college, and university levels; their quantitative skills; their research and internship experiences and their immediate plans after graduation. Out of the 294 complete responses to the survey, 233 were from undergraduate students. This presentation will focus on the responses of these undergraduate students. AGI hopes to fully deploy this survey broadly to geosciences departments across the country in Spring 2013. AGI will also begin longitudinally participants from the previous Exit Survey efforts in order to understand their progression through their chosen career paths.

Wilson, C. E.; Keane, C. M.; Houlton, H. R.

2012-12-01

401

Conceptual and Procedural Performance of Undergraduate Students in Integration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigate the conceptual and procedural knowledge in integration of a group of students who has successfully completed a one-year calculus course. The participants are asked five questions and their responses are analysed in detail. We observed that the students do not have satisfactory conceptual understanding of integration. Moreover, it is…

Mahir, Nevin

2009-01-01

402

Collaborative Undergraduate HBCU Student Summer Training Program Award.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The HBCU Summer Research Training Program accepted a total of 25 students from Lincoln University for the eight week session during the summers of 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013. Each student was assigned to a laboratory of a participating mentor and also pai...

D. M. Lubaroff

2013-01-01

403

Diagnosing Alternative Conceptions of Fermi Energy among Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physics education researchers have scientifically established the fact that the understanding of new concepts and interpretation of incoming information are strongly influenced by the preexisting knowledge and beliefs of students, called epistemological beliefs. This can lead to a gap between what students actually learn and what the teacher…

Sharma, Sapna; Ahluwalia, Pardeep Kumar

2012-01-01

404

Student Perspectives of Imaging Anatomy in Undergraduate Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Radiological imaging is gaining relevance in the acquisition of competencies in clinical anatomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the perceptions of medical students on teaching/learning of imaging anatomy as an integrated part of anatomical education. A questionnaire was designed to evaluate the perceptions of second-year students

Machado, Jorge Americo Dinis; Barbosa, Joselina Maria Pinto; Ferreira, Maria Amelia Duarte

2013-01-01

405

Attendance and Student Performance in Undergraduate Chemistry Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous studies suggest that attendance may be one of the key factors which influence student performance. Although there have been many studies in introductory science courses, there have been virtually no studies which analyze and compare students' performance from different types of institutions as well as different level of classes. Our study…

Lyubartseva, Ganna; Mallik, Uma Prasad

2012-01-01

406

How Assessment Can Advance Efforts to Enhance Undergraduate Student Persistence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the significant amount of research related to student persistence, institutions must develop and implement assessment practices that account for their unique mission and purpose. This chapter describes a framework for engaging in assessment activities to improve student success. Specifically, it examines how assessment efforts can be used…

Gansemer-Topf, Ann M.

2013-01-01

407

Attitude Changes of Undergraduate University Students in General Education Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessing learning outcomes in general education is increasingly important to accrediting bodies. A fertile area of assessment is measuring changes in student attitudes/values in response to general education. University of Maine faculty experimented with such an attitude assessment. In this study, the authors assessed changes in students'…

Anderson, Mark W.; Teisl, Mario F.; Criner, George K.; Tisher, Sharon; Smith, Stewart; Hunter, Malcolm L.; Norton, Stephen A.; Jellison, Jody; Alyokhin, Andrei; Gallandt, Eric; Haggard, Sandra; Bicknell, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

408

SOME ASPECTS ABOUT FINANCIAL KNOWLEDGE OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of study is to measure the level of financial literacy of accounting students at the Universidad Veracruzana; campus Mocambo, considering that financial education is the knowledge that people have on financial issues in order to solve everyday problems regarding financial management. The variables analyzed include age, gender, race, socioeconomic status, learning styles and student's perceptions on financial services,

Elena Moreno-García; Moreno Boca del Río; Arturo García-Santillán; Juan Pablo Munguía-Tiburcio

2013-01-01

409

Science Fiction and the Undergraduate Student: A Door In.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students come to college with little knowledge of or interest in traditional humanities topics; however, a college teacher of humanities can use science fiction as a "door in," a tool to take students from the known to the unknown. Literary elements such as characterization, plot, setting, theme, and point of view are present in science…

Pecor, Charles J.

410

Assessing Undergraduate Students' Conceptual Understanding and Confidence of Electromagnetics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examines how students' conceptual understanding changes from high confidence with incorrect conceptions to high confidence with correct conceptions when reasoning about electromagnetics. The Conceptual Survey of Electricity and Magnetism test is weighted with students' self-rated confidence on each item in order to infer how strongly…

Leppavirta, Johanna

2012-01-01

411

Describing Changes in Undergraduate Students' Preconceptions of Research Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that students bring naive scientific conceptions to learning situations which are often incongruous with accepted scientific explanations. These preconceptions are frequently determined to be misconceptions; consequentially instructors spend time to remedy these beliefs and bring students' understanding of scientific concepts to…

Cartrette, David P.; Melroe-Lehrman, Bethany M.

2012-01-01

412

Online collaborative learning in a project?based learning environment in Taiwan: a case study on undergraduate students’ perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study investigated undergraduate students’ first experience in online collaborative learning in a project?based learning (PBL) environment in Taiwan. Data were collected through interviews of 48 students, instructor’s field notes, researchers’ online observations, students’ online discourse, and group artifacts. The findings revealed interesting phenomena as results of cultural influences as well as educational system impacts. Students experienced learning benefits

Ke Zhang; Shiang Wuu Peng

2009-01-01

413

The Information Needs and Information-Seeking Behaviors of Community College and Lower-Division Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is about the information needs and information-seeking behaviors of community college and lower division undergraduates. The students in the studies were either four year lower division or community college students. The majority of the students studied were average college age students between eighteen and twenty two-years old. A few…

Karas, Melissa; Green, Ravonne

2007-01-01

414

A Broadly Implementable Research Course in Phage Discovery and Genomics for First-Year Undergraduate Students  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Engaging large numbers of undergraduates in authentic scientific discovery is desirable but difficult to achieve. We have developed a general model in which faculty and teaching assistants from diverse academic institutions are trained to teach a research course for first-year undergraduate students focused on bacteriophage discovery and genomics. The course is situated within a broader scientific context aimed at understanding viral diversity, such that faculty and students are collaborators with established researchers in the field. The Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) Science Education Alliance Phage Hunters Advancing Genomics and Evolutionary Science (SEA-PHAGES) course has been widely implemented and has been taken by over 4,800 students at 73 institutions. We show here that this alliance-sourced model not only substantially advances the field of phage genomics but also stimulates students’ interest in science, positively influences academic achievement, and enhances persistence in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines. Broad application of this model by integrating other research areas with large numbers of early-career undergraduate students has the potential to be transformative in science education and research training.

Jordan, Tuajuanda C.; Burnett, Sandra H.; Carson, Susan; Caruso, Steven M.; Clase, Kari; DeJong, Randall J.; Dennehy, John J.; Denver, Dee R.; Dunbar, David; Elgin, Sarah C. R.; Findley, Ann M.; Gissendanner, Chris R.; Golebiewska, Urszula P.; Guild, Nancy; Hartzog, Grant A.; Grillo, Wendy H.; Hollowell, Gail P.; Hughes, Lee E.; Johnson, Allison; King, Rodney A.; Lewis, Lynn O.; Li, Wei; Rosenzweig, Frank; Rubin, Michael R.; Saha, Margaret S.; Sandoz, James; Shaffer, Christopher D.; Taylor, Barbara; Temple, Louise; Vazquez, Edwin; Ware, Vassie C.; Barker, Lucia P.; Bradley, Kevin W.; Jacobs-Sera, Deborah; Pope, Welkin H.; Russell, Daniel A.; Cresawn, Steven G.; Lopatto, David; Bailey, Cheryl P.; Hatfull, Graham F.

2014-01-01

415

Six classroom exercises to teach natural selection to undergraduate biology students.  

PubMed

Students in introductory biology courses frequently have misconceptions regarding natural selection. In this paper, we describe six activities that biology instructors can use to teach undergraduate students in introductory biology courses how natural selection causes evolution. These activities begin with a lesson introducing students to natural selection and also include discussions on sexual selection, molecular evolution, evolution of complex traits, and the evolution of behavior. The set of six topics gives students the opportunity to see how natural selection operates in a variety of contexts. Pre- and postinstruction testing showed students' understanding of natural selection increased substantially after completing this series of learning activities. Testing throughout this unit showed steadily increasing student understanding, and surveys indicated students enjoyed the activities. PMID:24006396

Kalinowski, Steven T; Leonard, Mary J; Andrews, Tessa M; Litt, Andrea R

2013-01-01

416

Advising the Newest Faces of Public Health: A Perspective on the Undergraduate Student  

PubMed Central

In the 20th century, public health education in the United States existed as a professional degree program, with training at the masters (MPH) and doctoral (PhD, DrPH, and ScD) levels. Today, the system is rapidly evolving as undergraduate majors, minors, and concentrations are establishing themselves around the country. This new focus of public health education, rooted in a liberal arts environment, is distinct from the professional training of graduate school. As such, undergraduate public health students have unique characteristics and needs that should be considered as part of the advisors’ responsibility to provide meaningful, relevant advising. The perspective and comments presented here are largely based on the authors’ nearly 30 years of combined experience in undergraduate public health education.

Schneider, Dona

2010-01-01

417

Resources to Transform Undergraduate Geoscience Education: Activities in Support of Earth, Oceans and Atmospheric Sciences Faculty, and Future Plans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NSF offers funding programs that support geoscience education spanning atmospheric, oceans, and Earth sciences, as well as environmental science, climate change and sustainability, and research on learning. The 'Resources to Transform Undergraduate Geoscience Education' (RTUGeoEd) is an NSF Transforming Undergraduate Education in STEM (TUES) Type 2 special project aimed at supporting college-level geoscience faculty at all types of institutions. The project's goals are to carry out activities and create digital resources that encourage the geoscience community to submit proposals that impact their courses and classroom infrastructure through innovative changes in instructional practice, and contribute to making transformative changes that impact student learning outcomes and lead to other educational benefits. In the past year information sessions were held during several national and regional professional meetings, including the GSA Southeastern and South-Central Section meetings. A three-day proposal-writing workshop for faculty planning to apply to the TUES program was held at the University of South Florida - Tampa. During the workshop, faculty learned about the program and key elements of a proposal, including: the need to demonstrate awareness of prior efforts within and outside the geosciences and how the proposed project builds upon this knowledge base; need to fully justify budget and role of members of the project team; project evaluation and what matters in selecting a project evaluator; and effective dissemination practices. Participants also spent time developing their proposal benefitting from advice and feedback from workshop facilitators. Survey data gathered from workshop participants point to a consistent set of challenges in seeking grant support for a desired educational innovation, including poor understanding of the educational literature, of available funding programs, and of learning assessment and project evaluation. Many also noted that their institutions did not recognize the value of education-related scholarly activities, or undervaluing it compared to more traditional research activities. Given this reality, faculty desire strategies for balancing their time to allow time to pursue both. The current restructuring of NSF educational programs raises questions regarding future directions and the scale of support that may be available from the proposed Catalyzing Advances in Undergraduate STEM Education (CAUSE) Program. At the time of writing this abstract, specific details have not been communicated, but it appears that CAUSE could encompass components from several programs within the Division of Undergraduate Education's TUES, STEP, and WIDER programs, as well as the Geoscience Education and OEDG programs in the Geosciences Directorate. The RTUGeoEd project will continue to provide support to faculty seeking CAUSE (and other educational funding within DUE).

Ryan, J. G.; Singer, J.

2013-12-01

418

Supporting the Students of the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Underprepared students come to community colleges and many four-year colleges because they have hope for a better life and the courage to attempt something difficult. But having dreams and aspirations is not enough: Without some sort of intervention and support, a student's chances of completing college are poor. Many challenged students

Navarro, Diego

2012-01-01

419

Supporting medical students with learning disabilities in Asian medical schools  

PubMed Central

Learning disabilities (LDs) represent the largest group of disabilities in higher education (HE) institutes, including medical schools, and the numbers are continuing to rise. The worrying concern is that two-thirds to half of these students with LDs remain undiagnosed when they start their undergraduate education and may even graduate without having their disabilities diagnosed. These students struggle with their academic abilities, receive poor grades and, as a result, develop lower perceptions of their intellectual abilities than do those students without LDs. All these ultimately hamper their professional practice, employment, and career progression. Appropriate and adequate educational policies, provisions, and practices help students to progress satisfactorily. In Asian countries, public and professional awareness about LDs is low, supportive provisions are limited, legislations are inadequate, data are scarce, and equal-opportunity/widening-participation policies are not implemented effectively in the HE sector. This article discusses the issues related to LDs in medical education and draws policy, provision, and practice implications to identify, assess, and support students with LDs in medical schools, particularly in an Asian context.

Majumder, Md. Anwarul Azim; Rahman, Sayeeda; D'Souza, Urban JA; Elbeheri, Gad; Abdulrahman, Khalid Bin; Huq, M Muzaherul

2010-01-01

420

Students' Participation in an Interdisciplinary, Socioscientific Issues Based Undergraduate Human Biology Major and Their Understanding of Scientific Inquiry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to examine whether Socioscientific Issues (SSI) based learning environments affect university students' epistemological understanding of scientific inquiry differently from traditional science educational contexts. We identify and compare conceptions of scientific inquiry of students participating in an interdisciplinary, SSI-focused undergraduate human biology major (SSI) and those participating in a traditional biology major (BIO). Forty-five SSI students and 50 BIO students completed an open-ended questionnaire examining their understanding of scientific inquiry. Eight general themes including approximately 60 subthemes emerged from questionnaire responses, and the numbers of students including each subtheme in their responses were statistically compared between groups. A subset of students participated in interviews, which were used to validate and triangulate questionnaire data and probe students' understanding of scientific inquiry in relation to their majors. We found that both groups provided very similar responses, differing significantly in only five subthemes. Results indicated that both groups held generally adequate understandings of inquiry, but also a number of misconceptions. Small differences between groups supported by both questionnaires and interviews suggest that the SSI context contributed to nuanced understandings, such as a more interdisciplinary and problem-centered conception of scientific inquiry. Implications for teaching and research are discussed.

Eastwood, Jennifer L.; Sadler, Troy D.; Sherwood, Robert D.; Schlegel, Whitney M.

2013-06-01

421

Student Support Systems in Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses student support systems in distance education based on experiences at the Open University (United Kingdom). Topics addressed include distance education versus traditional education; changes in the learning process; management theory; student support as a service industry; course production; resource allocation; and decision-making…

Sewart, David

1993-01-01

422

Future Student Support Programs: Distinction or Extinction?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter reviews changes for the future of student support programs identified and addressed by other contributing authors. It is proposed that without a blueprint of how the fields of school counseling, psychology, nursing, social work, and other student support programs will change to address the future, extinction is guaranteed. Changes…

Johnson, Sharon K.; Johnson, C. D.

423

A Survey of Undergraduate Student Perceptions and Use of Nutrition Information Labels in a University Dining Hall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine undergraduate student perceptions and reported use of nutrition information labels in campus dining halls.Design: Paper surveys were administered to a convenience sample of undergraduates. Setting: This study was conducted at an urban United States university. Method: A survey about perceptions and use of nutrition…

Martinez, Olivia D.; Roberto, Christina A.; Kim, Jane H.; Schwartz, Marlene B.; Brownell, Kelly D.

2013-01-01

424

The Impact of a Business Ethics Course on the Moral Development of Undergraduate and Graduate Business Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pre/posttest data from 177 graduate and 196 undergraduate students in business ethics courses involving case studies and class debate showed that women and undergraduates made the most postcourse gains. Humanities majors had markedly higher posttest scores than any other majors. (Contains 13 references.) (SK)

Bigel, Kenneth S.

2002-01-01

425

Argument-Driven Inquiry as a Way to Help Undergraduate Students Write to Learn by Learning to Write in Chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This exploratory study examined how undergraduate students’ ability to write in science changed over time as they completed a series of laboratory activities designed using a new instructional model called argument-driven inquiry. The study was conducted in a single section of an undergraduate general chemistry lab course offered at a large two-year community college located in the southeast USA. The

Victor Sampson; Joi Phelps Walker

2012-01-01

426

Argument-Driven Inquiry as a Way to Help Undergraduate Students Write to Learn by Learning to Write in Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study examined how undergraduate students' ability to write in science changed over time as they completed a series of laboratory activities designed using a new instructional model called argument-driven inquiry. The study was conducted in a single section of an undergraduate general chemistry lab course offered at a large…

Sampson, Victor; Walker, Joi Phelps

2012-01-01

427

Developing Export Management Competencies and Skills among Undergraduate Business Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responses of 25 Northern Ireland business students who undertook client-sponsored projects in local businesses reported increased proficiency in conducting research, improved competence in export management, development of soft skills, and better ability to apply theory to practice. (SK)

Scharf, Fred; Bell, Jim

2002-01-01

428

A survey on education in cariology for undergraduate dental students in Europe.  

PubMed

The aim of the survey was to collect relevant information about education in cariology for dental undergraduate students in Europe. The ORCA/ADEE cariology curriculum group prepared a questionnaire that was mailed in 2009 to 179 European dental schools. One hundred and twenty-three dental schools (72%) from 32 countries completed and returned the questionnaires. In most of these schools, education in cariology is delivered by at least two different units. The units mainly involved are Paediatric Dentistry, Conservative Dentistry, Restorative Dentistry or Operative Dentistry. Theoretical education in cariology is delivered by practically all responding dental schools, and in 96% of these schools, it starts within the first 3 years. Pre-clinical exercises are offered by 98% of the schools starting mainly in the third or fourth year. In 97% of the schools, clinical exercises are carried out, and this occurs mainly in the fourth and fifth year. In nearly all dental schools (88%), education in cariology comprises not only caries but also dental erosion and non-erosive wear. The vast majority of the responding dental schools (89%) supported the idea of developing a European Core Curriculum in Cariology. PMID:22023540

Schulte, A G; Buchalla, W; Huysmans, M-C D N J M; Amaechi, B T; Sampaio, F; Vougiouklakis, G; Pitts, N B

2011-11-01

429

Neuroscience Workshops for Fifth-Grade School Children by Undergraduate Students: A University-School Partnership  

PubMed Central

The National Science Education Standards recommend that science be taught using inquiry-based approaches. Inspired by the Dana Alliance for Brain Initiatives, we examined whether undergraduate students could learn how to conduct field research by teaching elementary school children basic neuroscience concepts in interactive workshops. In an inquiry-based learning experience of their own, undergraduate psychology students working under the close supervision of their instructor designed and provided free, interactive, hour-long workshops focusing on brain structure and function, brain damage and disorders, perception and illusions, and drugs and hormones to fifth-graders from diverse backgrounds, and we assessed the effectiveness of the workshops using a pretest–post-test design. The results suggest that the workshops enhanced the children's knowledge of neuroscience concepts as measured using pre- and post-open-ended assessments. The undergraduates also found their learning experience engaging and productive. The article includes detailed descriptions of the workshop activities, procedures, the course in which the undergraduates implemented the workshops, and guidance for future university–school collaborations aimed at enhancing science literacy.

Feldman, Marissa; Lin, Edward; Mahoney, Margaret; Sjoblom, Chelsea

2006-01-01

430

Predicting Supervisor Capacities to Foster Higher Forms of Learning through Undergraduate Medical Student Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The credibility of short-term undergraduate research as a paradigm for effective learning within Medicine has been recognized. With a view to strengthening this paradigm and enhancing research-teaching linkages, this study explores whether particular types of research supervisor are pre-disposed to providing supportive learning environments.…

MacDougall, Margaret

2014-01-01

431

Is It the Intervention or the Students? Using Linear Regression to Control for Student Characteristics in Undergraduate STEM Education Research  

PubMed Central

Although researchers in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education are currently using several methods to analyze learning gains from pre- and posttest data, the most commonly used approaches have significant shortcomings. Chief among these is the inability to distinguish whether differences in learning gains are due to the effect of an instructional intervention or to differences in student characteristics when students cannot be assigned to control and treatment groups at random. Using pre- and posttest scores from an introductory biology course, we illustrate how the methods currently in wide use can lead to erroneous conclusions, and how multiple linear regression offers an effective framework for distinguishing the impact of an instructional intervention from the impact of student characteristics on test score gains. In general, we recommend that researchers always use student-level regression models that control for possible differences in student ability and preparation to estimate the effect of any nonrandomized instructional intervention on student performance.

Theobald, Roddy; Freeman, Scott

2014-01-01

432

Undergraduate African American females in the sciences: A qualitative study of student experiences affecting academic success and persistence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Given the lack of literature on Undergraduate African American females in the sciences (UAAFS), this study sought to explicate their experiences at one large, predominantly White, Research I institution in the southwestern United States. In particular, the purpose of this study was to identify factors that affect the academic success and persistence of Black females in the natural and physical sciences. Data was collected via in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 15 Black female science majors. Findings from this study identified several supportive mechanisms for academic success: family, religion, teaching assistants and friends. Also identified were seven barriers to academic success: employment, lack of diversity, cultural dissonance, unwelcoming Research I environment, faculty, advisors, classmates, and lab groups. Further, an analysis of students' responses revealed numerous instances of racial and gender micro-aggressions. Recommendations are provided to address factors identified as affecting student academic success and persistence as well as a culture of micro-aggressive behavior.

Essien-Wood, Idara R.

433

Effect of year of study on stress levels in male undergraduate dental students  

PubMed Central

Objective Stress among dental students can be a significant threat, resulting in physical and/or mental illness, and have a negative effect on students’ performance and the professional practice of dentistry. Stress can occur from different sources. The purpose of this study is to test whether the year of study has an effect on the stress levels of dental students. Method Our study consisted of a cross-sectional survey using a modified version of the Dental Environment Stress (DES) questionnaire. The questionnaires were filled out by male undergraduate dental students at King Saud University in Riyadh City during the 2010–2011 academic year (n = 214). Results The results show the most common sources of stress: examinations and completing clinical requirements. Moreover, in the five-year lecture-based traditional curriculum, the third year students reported the highest level of stress, whereas the first year reported the lowest level of stress. Conclusion Third year undergraduate dental students reported the highest level of stress. This stress could be reduced by reviewing and modifying the dental curriculum by allowing students to have contact with patients more gradually, starting from the first year, in addition to adding stress prevention and intervention programs in dental curricula.

Alzahem, Abdullah M; Van der Molen, Henk T; De Boer, Benjamin J

2013-01-01

434

Conceptual understanding of thermodynamics: A study of undergraduate and graduate students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is a perception among college students that physical chemistry is an impossibly difficult subject. The hypothesis guiding this study is that this perception is caused by the mismatch between the physical chemistry curriculum and the cognitive needs of students, whose learning styles, misconceptions, and difficulties are not explicitly addressed. A qualitative approach was used to examine students' conceptions of concepts such as internal energy, enthalpy, heat capacity, entropy, and Gibbs free energy. Students' views about science, physical chemistry, and thermodynamics were also examined. The subjects of the study were nine undergraduate and graduate students taking introductory or review courses in thermodynamics. Data were obtained from twenty-five individual interviews, thirteen of which took place while respondents were taking a course and twelve after they had completed it. The interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed and the transcripts were analyzed by a cross-case comparison method. The results show that graduate students had many of the same difficulties and misconceptions as undergraduate students. After a semester, students retained a minimal understanding of the main ideas of thermodynamics and the connections between them. They had a limited understanding of the relevance of thermodynamics to chemistry. Students regarded mathematical derivations as a fundamental component of thermodynamics and relied exclusively on mathematical equations to represent concepts such as enthalpy. Mathematical presentations were emphasized in lectures. The mathematical and pictorial symbols that students copied from the blackboard did not necessarily hold the same meaning for them as they did for professors. Many students had difficulty connecting mathematical symbols to physical concepts. They often confused the macroscopic and microscopic pictures and did not understand the concept of equilibrium. They never mentioned equilibrium in their descriptions of the science of thermodynamics. Students did not make connections between thermodynamic concepts such as internal energy and their prior formal knowledge.

Patron, Francis

1997-11-01

435

Supporting Students' Learning in the Domain of Computer Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies have shown that students with low knowledge understand and learn better from more cohesive texts, whereas high-knowledge students have been shown to learn better from texts of lower cohesion. This study examines whether high-knowledge readers in computer science benefit from a text of low cohesion. Undergraduate students (n = 65)…

Gasparinatou, Alexandra; Grigoriadou, Maria

2011-01-01

436

Causes of Stress and Coping Strategies Adopted by Undergraduate Health Professions Students in a University in the United Arab Emirates  

PubMed Central

Objectives: This study aimed to compare causes of stress and coping strategies adopted by a sample of undergraduate health-profession students at the Gulf Medical University, United Arab Emirates. Methods: An anonymous voluntary questionnaire-based survey was conducted, from January to July 2011, among first- and second-year medicine, dentistry, pharmacy and physiotherapy students (N = 212) to identify causes of stress. Coping strategies were studied using the Brief COPE Inventory. Results: Worries regarding the future (54.2%) and parental expectations (40.1%) were the major stressors. Poor diet (36.8%) and a lack of exercise (36.3%) were also reported to cause stress. Students used multiple strategies, mainly religion/praying (74.5%), planning (70.5%) and taking action (70.5%) to cope with stress. There were no significant differences observed in the stressors or coping strategies between genders or programmes. First-year students (62.5%) relied on emotional support significantly more (P <0.05) than second-year students (48.5%). Conclusion: The main causes of stress were worries regarding future and parental expectations. The majority of the students used positive coping strategies, with religion/praying found to be the most frequently used strategy.

Gomathi, Kadayam G.; Ahmed, Soofia; Sreedharan, Jayadevan

2013-01-01

437

[Understanding the meaning of leadership to the undergraduate nursing student: a phenomenological approach].  

PubMed

This study aimed at understanding the meaning of leadership to undergraduate nursing students and the expectation related to their professional practice. Phenomenology was used as theoretical framework. Fifteen undergraduate nursing students were recruited as subjects and answered the following question: "What do you understand by leadership, and how can it be applied in your professional practice?" The topics which were revealed and analyzed, Leadership Styles and Leadership Exercise, enabled us to understand that the meaning attributed to leadership is unveiled as a dynamic process, and the style adopted is the form to lead a team; therefore, an ideal leadership style does not exist. In teaching, the leadership style began to be discussed when the participant forms of personnel management were approached. In leadership practice, the dissociation between leadership theory and practice is emphasized, pointing out that integration with practice is relevant for leadership learning. PMID:23887790

Guerra, Karina Juliana; Spiri, Wilza Carla

2013-01-01

438

Introduction to the SCALE-UP (Student-Centered Activities for Large Enrollment Undergraduate Programs) Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The SCALE-UP project started as an effort to create studio classes for thecalculus-based introductory sequence for up to 100 students, i.e., large enough to provide an effective, yet affordable, alternative to large classes taught via the standard lecture/laboratory format. Studio/workshop classes such as SCALE-UP (Student-Centered Activities for Large Enrollment Undergraduate Programs) give instructors another choice by replacing the lecture/laboratory format with 4-6 hours of activity-based instruction per week, typically in 2-hour blocks.This is a chapter in the section on Successful Pedagogies in the Course, Curriculum and Laboratory Improvement (CCLI) April 2004 conference proceedings published under the title Invention and Impact: Building Excellence in Undergraduate Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Education.

Jeffery M. Saul J. Beichner (North Carolina State; University of Central Florida)

2004-12-01

439

Harnessing Agency: Towards a Learning Model for Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a successful academic development programme in a Commerce faculty at a relatively elite, historically white university in South Africa. The writers argue that the programme has managed to achieve good results in recent years by moving away from deficit models of academic development for students from disadvantaged…

Pym, June; Kapp, Rochelle

2013-01-01

440

Effects of online games on student performance in undergraduate physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present state of physics teaching and learning is a reflection of the difficulty of the subject matter which has resulted in students' low motivation toward physics as well as lack of meaningful and deeper learning experiences. In light of an overall decline in interest in physics, an investigation of alternate teaching and learning methods and tools was appropriate. The

Irfan Sadiq

2010-01-01

441

Incoming First Year Undergraduate Students: How Information Literate Are They?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many years academic librarians have been involved in the delivery of library instruction programs. Most of these librarians however have the impression that when students arrive at the university their knowledge of the information seeking process is quite limited. This paper presents a summary of a research which took place in the province of…

Mittermeyer, Diane

2005-01-01

442

Keeping safe: Teaching undergraduate social work students about interpersonal violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

While most social work graduates will not practice in organizations specializing in the threat or aftermath of violence, they will encounter clients affected by interpersonal violence and trauma in almost all fields of practice. Therefore, the social work curriculum should provide students with the knowledge and skills necessary to work with these clients. In developing a suitable curriculum it is

Kylie Agllias

2011-01-01

443

Initial Motivational Orientation of Students Enrolling in Undergraduate Degrees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Governments are aiming to expand the intake to higher education, so it is important to understand what motivates students to enter university and choose a particular programme. The aim of this study was to see whether a motivational orientation framework, developed to explain motivation to study, could also be applied to motivation to enrol in a…

Kember, David; Ho, Amber; Hong, Celina

2010-01-01

444

Nigerian Medical Students' Opinions about the Undergraduate Curriculum in Psychiatry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The number of psychiatrists in Nigeria is inadequate to meet the treatment needs for neuropsychiatric disorders. Developing mental health competency in the future Nigerian physician workforce is one approach to filling the treatment gap. The authors aimed to assess medical students' attitudes to this training and its relevance to their…

James, Bawo; Omoaregba, Joyce; Okogbenin, Esther; Buhari, Olubunmi; Obindo, Taiwo; Okonoda, Mayowa

2013-01-01

445

Developing Transferable Skills in Undergraduate Mathematics Students through Mathematical Modelling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses certain transferable skills and a strategy for developing them via an intensive short course on mathematical modeling. Includes student reactions and comments on the course. Suggests that this course developed modeling as well as generic skills through teaching, learning, and assessment style. (Author/KHR)

Nyman, Melvin A.; Berry, John

2002-01-01

446

Effects of Online Games on Student Performance in Undergraduate Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present state of physics teaching and learning is a reflection of the difficulty of the subject matter which has resulted in students' low motivation toward physics as well as lack of meaningful and deeper learning experiences. In light of an overall decline in interest in physics, an investigation of alternate teaching and learning methods…

Sadiq, Irfan

2010-01-01

447

Cognitive Appraisal of Dissertation Stress among Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined changes in primary and secondary appraisal, and coping strategies utilized in the final weeks leading to dissertation submission. Sixty volunteer Sports Studies dissertation students (male: n = 29; female: n = 31) completed an adapted Cognitive Appraisal of Health Scale (CAHS: Kessler, 1998), and Brief COPE (Carver,…

Devonport, Tracey J.; Lane, Andrew M.

2006-01-01

448

Interpersonal Distancing Between Undergraduate College Students and Their Instructors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Variables associated with interpersonal distance were studied in this research project. Since close physical proximity may produce defensive behaviors that are disruptive to learning, instructors must be aware of the combinations of variables that produce the need for increased interpersonal distance in instructor-student interactions. A…

Dalton, Marie

449

Undergraduate Students' Perceptions of an Inquiry-Based Physics Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine middle childhood students' perceptions of the learning environment in a reform-based physics course. A lecture-style, introductory physics course was modified into an inquiry-based course designed for preservice middle childhood teachers through the collaborative efforts of faculty in the Colleges of…

Duran, Lena Ballone; McArthur, Julia; Van Hook, Stephen

2004-01-01

450

Predicting Academic Achievement of Undergraduate Occupational Therapy Students: Preliminary Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Admissions criteria used for three classes of occupational therapy students were subjected to statistical analysis. Weighted factors included cumulative, science, and behavioral science grade point average, reading and mental ability test scores, and essay and interview scores. Revised factors eliminated the reading test and subject-specific grade…

Berchulc, Cynthia M.; And Others

1987-01-01

451

Voices from around the World: International Undergraduate Student Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores how students adjust to life at universities outside their home countries. Much of the current body of research was conducted prior to the 9/11 tragedy and focuses primarily on studies within a single U.S. institution. This project expands the boundaries by including multiple institutions from around the globe post-9/11. The…

Terkla, Dawn Geronimo; Roscoe, Heather S.; Etish-Andrews, Jane

2005-01-01

452

Stereoisomerism in Coordination Chemistry: A Laboratory Experiment for Undergraduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an experimental procedure to acquaint inorganic chemistry students with stereochemical concepts using tris-(2,3-butanediamine)cobalt(III). Notes two isomeric forms exist and both form metal chelates. Separation is accomplished by chromatography and analysis is by NMR and infrared spectroscopy. Provides spectra of isomers. (MVL)

Gargallo, Maria Fe; And Others

1988-01-01

453

The Chemistry Outreach Program: Women Undergraduates Presenting Chemistry to Middle School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A chemistry outreach program at Simmons College is described. It involves undergraduate women majoring in science, who conduct chemistry demonstrations for inner-city middle school students. The program is aimed at sparking interest in science among inner-city middle school girls by presenting science in fun, exciting experiments. By providing these girls with women role models and hands-on experiments that relate to

Nancy E. Lee; Kathryn G. Schreiber

1999-01-01

454

Grade\\/Performance Contracts, Enhanced Communication, Cooperative Learning and Student Performance in Undergraduate Organic Chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a grade\\/study-performance contract that was designed to increase student retention while maintaining academic performance levels in undergraduate organic chemistry. The experimental course included enhanced communication using electronic mail, and cooperative learning in addition to grade\\/study-performance contracts. The objective of the grade\\/study-performance contract was the development of learning skills with creation of a basis for unobtrusive auditing of

Ralph C. Dougherty

1997-01-01

455

Undergraduate students' perceptions of child sexual abuse: Effects of age, sex, and gender-role attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The present study examined how sex of the child and the adult and age of the child influence perceptions regarding the abusiveness of adult-child sexual interactions and attributions of blame and responsibility to the adult in such incidents. The relationship of gender-role attitudes to perceptions of child sexual abuse was also investigated.Method: Undergraduate students (N = 404) read one

Carri Maynard; Michael Wiederman

1997-01-01

456

Exploring factors affecting undergraduate medical students’ study strategies in the clinical years: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to explore the effects of clinical supervision, and assessment characteristics on the study strategies\\u000a used by undergraduate medical students during their clinical rotations. We conducted a qualitative phenomenological study\\u000a at King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, College of Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia during the period from\\u000a November 2007 to December 2008. We

Hanan M. F. Al Kadri; Mohamed S. Al-Moamary; Margaret Elzubair; Mohi Eldien Magzoub; Abdulrahman AlMutairi; Christopher Roberts; Cees van der Vleuten

2011-01-01

457

Factor Structure and Psychometric Properties of the Young Schema Questionnaire (Short Form) in Chinese Undergraduate Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated cross-cultural differences in the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Young Schema\\u000a Questionnaire (short form; YSQ-SF). The participants were 712 Chinese undergraduate students. The total sample was randomly\\u000a divided into two sub-samples. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was conducted on questionnaire results for Group A, and Confirmatory\\u000a Factor Analysis (CFA) was conducted on Group B. Multiple regression

Lixia Cui; Wenwen Lin; Tian P. S. Oei

458

Bridging the Gap: A Research-Based Approach for Teaching Interdisciplinary Science to Undergraduate Freshman Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A new program, On Recent Discoveries by Emory Researchers (ORDER), has been developed as a bridge across the ever-widening gap between graduate and undergraduate education in the sciences. This bridge is created by merging the needs of graduate/postdoctoral students to educate more interdisciplinary scholars about their research discoveries with the need for the entering freshman to understand the process of discovery and the scientific method.

Lynn, David; Comeau, Dawn; Sales, Jessica; Liddle, Kathleen; Palmer, Katrina; Perrone, Lisa

2006-05-01

459

A Study of Predoctoral Student Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report of the Federal Interagency Committee on Education (FCIE) presents recommendations for expanding current federal support for graduate study. Federal agencies allocated $226.2 million for predoctoral fellowships and supported some 12.9% of the full-time graduate students in the US during the 1968-1969 school year. This support increased…

Federal Interagency Committee on Education, Washington, DC. Student Support Study Group.

460

Ain't I a Leader: Exploring the Leadership Narratives of Black Female Undergraduate Student Leaders at a Predominantly White Institution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally, research on student leadership development has been exclusive and focused primarily on the experiences of White, male undergraduate student leaders. Therefore, there is little knowledge about the leadership development of Black female undergraduate students. This exploratory study attempts to fills a gap in the student leadership…

Warren, Lamara D.

2009-01-01

461

Introducing Taiwanese undergraduate students to the nature of science through Nobel Prize stories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although there is a broad agreement among scientists and science educators that students should not only learn science, but also acquire some sense of its nature, it has been reported that undergraduate students possess an inadequate grasp of the nature of science (NOS). The study presented here examined the potential and effectiveness of Nobel Prize stories as a vehicle for teaching NOS. For this purpose, a 36-hour course, “Albert Einstein’s Nobel Prize and the Nature of Science,” was developed and conducted in Taiwan Normal University. Ten undergraduate physics students participated in the course. Analysis of the Views of Nature of Science questionnaires completed by the students before and after the course, as well as the students’ own presentations of Nobel Prize stories (with an emphasis on how NOS characteristics are reflected in the story), showed that the students who participated in the course enriched their views concerning all aspects of NOS. The paper concludes with some suggestions for applying the novel idea of using Nobel Prize stories in physics classrooms.

Eshach, Haim; Hwang, Fu-Kwun; Wu, Hsin-Kai; Hsu, Ying-Shao

2013-06-01

462

Attitude and tendency of cheating behaviours amongst undergraduate students in a Dental Institution of India.  

PubMed

Honesty and integrity are key characteristics expected of a doctor, although academic misconduct amongst medical students is not new. Academic integrity provides the foundation upon, which a flourishing academic life rests. The aim of this study was to investigate the attitude of undergraduate dental students about the seriousness of cheating behaviours and to determine the rate of malpractice amongst these students. A self designed closed ended questionnaire was distributed to 300 undergraduate students in a Dental Institution in India, to rate the seriousness of six cheating behaviours and to assess the rate of malpractice. The response rate was 100%. Two of the six cheating behaviours were considered by at least 61% of the students as very serious cheating behaviours. Almost 70% of the students agreed that they have involved in malpractice in examinations at least once. The majority also felt that cheating in examinations will not have any significant effect on their future. This study has revealed that cheating is an important issue, which needs to be addressed for the benefit of the society at large. PMID:20522106

Monica, M; Ankola, A V; Ashokkumar, B R; Hebbal, I

2010-05-01

463

Lessons Learned from Undergraduate Students in Designing a Science-Based Course in Bioethics  

PubMed Central

Columbia University offers two innovative undergraduate science-based bioethics courses for student majoring in biosciences and pre–health studies. The goals of these courses are to introduce future scientists and healthcare professionals to the ethical questions they will confront in their professional lives, thus enabling them to strategically address these bioethical dilemmas. These courses incorporate innovative pedagogical methods, case studies, and class discussions to stimulate the students to think creatively about bioethical issues emerging from new biotechnologies. At the end of each course, each student is required to submit a one-page strategy detailing how he or she would resolve a bioethical dilemma. Based on our experience in teaching these courses and on a qualitative analysis of the students’ reflections, we offer recommendations for creating an undergraduate science-based course in bioethics. General recommendations include: 1) integrating the science of emerging biotechnologies, their ethical ramifications, and contemporary bioethical theories into interactive class sessions; 2) structuring discussion-based classes to stimulate students to consider the impact of their moral intuitions when grappling with bioethical issues; and 3) using specific actual and futuristic case studies to highlight bioethical issues and to help develop creative problem-solving skills. Such a course sparks students’ interests in both science and ethics and helps them analyze bioethical challenges arising from emerging biotechnologies.

Loike, John D.; Rush, Brittany S.; Schweber, Adam; Fischbach, Ruth L.

2013-01-01

464

Variation in Student Selection within the Australian Unified National System: A Case Study in Undergraduate Business Studies from Western Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data on admission criteria for four undergraduate business administration programs in Western Australian universities were used to investigate variation in student characteristics across schools. Results indicated large differences in student characteristics among schools, which could affect student progress and outcomes. Implications for such…

Stanley, Gordon; Oliver, Jeff

1994-01-01

465

Good Students, Bad Pupils: Constructions of "Aspiration", "Disadvantage" and Social Class in Undergraduate-Led Widening Participation Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This C-SAP funded research explores undergraduate student involvement in widening participation initiatives at a traditional university and the ways that students promote and market their university and higher education more generally. It seeks to explore the widening participation messages disseminated by students in their work with pupils and…

Taylor, Yvette

2008-01-01

466

Undergraduate Regional Migration in the UK: Perspectives on Local Markets and Trends for Gender and International Student Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an analysis of degree course acceptances for UK undergraduate students in 2002 and 2008. It examines student mobility between the UK regions, and the trends in their movement within local markets. Data shows a growing trend for students to study within local regions, especially women. Increases in acceptances of over 10% are…

McClelland, Robert J.; Gandy, Robert J.

2012-01-01

467

Using Quality Circles to Enhance Student Involvement and Course Quality in a Large Undergraduate Food Science and Human Nutrition Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Large undergraduate classes are a challenge to manage, to engage, and to assess, yet such formidable classes can flourish when student participation is facilitated. One method of generating authentic student involvement is implementation of quality circles by means of a Student Feedback Committee (SFC), which is a volunteer problem-solving and…

Schmidt, S. J.; Parmer, M. S.; Bohn, D. M.

2005-01-01

468

An Experience on Mechatronics Teaching on Undergraduate Students by Means of The Skybot Platform: from Classroom to Robot Competition  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the learning experiences and opinions from a group of undergraduate students in a course about Robotics. The contents of this course were taught as a set of seminars. In each seminar, the student learned interdisciplinary knowledge of computer science, control engineering, electronics and other fields related to Robotics. The aim of this course is that the students

P. Gil; S. T. Puente; F. A. Candelas; I. Perea; G. J. García; C. A. Jara; J. A. Corrales

469

Online Collaborative Learning in a Project-Based Learning Environment in Taiwan: A Case Study on Undergraduate Students' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study investigated undergraduate students' first experience in online collaborative learning in a project-based learning (PBL) environment in Taiwan. Data were collected through interviews of 48 students, instructor's field notes, researchers' online observations, students' online discourse, and group artifacts. The findings revealed…

Zhang, Ke; Peng, Shiang Wuu; Hung, Jui-long

2009-01-01

470

Using Cognitive Interviews to Explore the Many Different Meanings Undergraduate Students in China Attribute to the Term "College Teacher"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The cognitive interview method was applied to evaluate survey questions translated and adapted from a US-based college student survey instrument. This paper draws data from cognitive interviews with 45 undergraduate students in China and explores the different meanings they attribute to the term "college teacher." Students understood…

Yuhao, Cen

2013-01-01

471

Application to Graduate Psychology Programs by Undergraduate Students of Color: The Impact of a Research Training Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The top 86 students were selected from a pool of approximately 400 applicants to a summer clinical psychology research training program for undergraduate students of color. Forty-three of the students were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 clinical psychology research training programs, and 43 were randomly assigned to a control condition without training. The multicultural version of the training program

Gordon C. Nagayama Hall; Carolyn B. Allard

2009-01-01

472

Impact of organ donation education on US undergraduate nursing students.  

PubMed

Experts advocate educational programs addressing misinformation regarding donation decisions to increase the potential donor pool. However, few researchers have measured outcomes with nursing students. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on nursing students' knowledge, attitudes, registering as an organ donor, and family discussions. This quasi-experimental study used a pretest-posttest design with a control group. The research group consisted of 42 volunteers and the control group consisted of 73 volunteers. The written survey included 15 true-false knowledge items and 8 Likert items asking about attitude toward donation, registering as an organ donor, and family discussion. Normally distributed data showed no significant differences between groups on the pretest. The research group had no change in knowledge level 3 months later, but the control group had a significantly decreased knowledge level at that point. More members of the research group than the control group registered as organ donors after the intervention (?2 = 4.5, P= .03). The control group had no change in registering as an organ donor between the pretest and posttest. Family discussions did not differ significantly from pretest to posttest in either group. One lecture/laboratory experience did make a difference in registering as an organ donor but not in discussing the decision with family members. Students can learn about organ donation from more than one specific class. Recommendations for educators and future research are provided. PMID:24919740

Kurz, Jane McCausland

2014-06-01

473

An interprofessional education pilot program in maternity care: findings from an exploratory case study of undergraduate students.  

PubMed

An interprofessional team of maternity care providers and academics developed a pilot interprofessional education (IPE) program in maternity care for undergraduate students in nursing, midwifery and medicine. There are few published studies examining IPE programs in maternity care, particularly at the undergraduate level, that examine long-term outcomes. This paper outlines findings from a case study that explored how participation in an IPE program in maternity care may enhance student knowledge, skills/attitudes, and may promote their collaborative behavior in the practice setting. The program was launched at a Canadian urban teaching hospital and consisted of six workshops and two clinical shadowing experiences. Twenty-five semi-structured, in-depth interviews were completed with nine participants at various time points up to 20 months post-program. Qualitative analysis of transcripts revealed the emergence of four themes: relationship-building, confident communication, willingness to collaborate and woman/family-centered care. Participant statements about their intentions to continue practicing interprofessional collaboration more than a year post-program lend support to its sustained effectiveness. The provision of a safe learning environment, the use of small group learning techniques with mixed teaching strategies, augmented by exposure to an interprofessional faculty, contributed to the program's perceived success. PMID:22251306

Meffe, Filomena; Claire Moravac, Catherine; Espin, Sherry

2012-05-01

474

Undergraduate Science Research: A Comparison of Influences and Experiences between Premed and Non-Premed Students  

PubMed Central

Most students participating in science undergraduate research (UR) plan to attend either medical school or graduate school. This study examines possible differences between premed and non–premed students in their influences to do research and expectations of research. Questionnaire responses from 55 premed students and 80 non–premed students were analyzed. No differences existed in the expectations of research between the two groups, but attitudes toward science and intrinsic motivation to learn more about science were significantly higher for non–premed students. Follow-up interviews with 11 of the students, including a case study with one premed student, provided explanation for the observed differences. Premed students, while not motivated to learn more about science, were motivated to help people, which is why most of them are pursuing medicine. They viewed research as a way to help them become doctors and to rule out the possibility of research as a career. Non–premed students participated in research to learn more about a specific science topic and gain experience that may be helpful in graduate school research. The difference in the reasons students want to do UR may be used to tailor UR experiences for students planning to go to graduate school or medical school.

Pacifici, Lara Brongo; Thomson, Norman

2011-01-01

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Student Perspectives on Curricular Change: Lessons from an Undergraduate Lower-Division Biology Core  

PubMed Central

Inquiry-based laboratories are acknowledged as the preferred method of instruction for development of research skills. Much has been written about changes in student performance associated with inquiry, but less is known about how students view the inquiry-based format or whether they perceive a benefit from this type of instruction. The Student Assessment of Learning Gains (SALG) survey was used to evaluate and compare student reactions to the new, inquiry-based laboratories of a lower-division undergraduate curriculum, from implementation to the present (an interval of 3 yr). Initial student response to the format and value of the inquiry labs improved over time. The quality of the graduate teaching assistants and the clarity of the laboratory manual were important variables influencing student perception. A student's perception of his/her retention of lab-related skills was strongly associated with perceptions of gains in those skills. Student responses reflect their most current laboratory experience and not a cumulative effect of participation in the core series of courses. Student success in the inquiry format was not associated with gender or status as a transfer student. The majority of students believe that their experiences in the lower-division inquiry labs have prepared them for upper-division course work.

Casem, Merri Lynn

2006-01-01