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1

Technology transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The requirements for a successful technology transfer program and what such a program would look like are discussed. In particular, the issues associated with technology transfer in general, and within the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) environment specifically are addressed. The section on background sets the stage, identifies the barriers to successful technology transfer, and suggests actions to address the barriers either generally or specifically. The section on technology transfer presents a process with its supporting management plan that is required to ensure a smooth transfer process. Viewgraphs are also included.

Handley, Thomas

1992-01-01

2

Technology transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The topics are presented in viewgraph form and include the following: international comparison of R&D expenditures in 1989; NASA Technology Transfer Program; NASA Technology Utilization Program thrusts for FY 1992 and FY 1993; National Technology Transfer Network; and NTTC roles.

Penaranda, Frank E.

1992-01-01

3

[Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some authorities on technolgoy transfer feel that industry is not fully capitalizing on the inventive output of universities and nonprofit organizations. From the point of view of the government, the stakes are high. The magnitude of federal support of research and development in these organizations demands evidence of useful results if it is to…

Latker, Norman J.

4

Technology Transfer Center | Technology Transfer Education  

Cancer.gov

SKIP ALL NAVIGATION SKIP TO SUB MENU Search Site Technology Transfer Center of the National Cancer Institute Standard Forms & Agreements Co-Development & Resources Careers & Training Intellectual Property & Inventions About TTC Overview NCI TTC Fellowship

5

Technology transfer for adaptation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Technology alone will not be able to solve adaptation challenges, but it is likely to play an important role. As a result of the role of technology in adaptation and the importance of international collaboration for climate change, technology transfer for adaptation is a critical but understudied issue. Through an analysis of Global Environment Facility-managed adaptation projects, we find there is significantly more technology transfer occurring in adaptation projects than might be expected given the pessimistic rhetoric surrounding technology transfer for adaptation. Most projects focused on demonstration and early deployment/niche formation for existing technologies rather than earlier stages of innovation, which is understandable considering the pilot nature of the projects. Key challenges for the transfer process, including technology selection and appropriateness under climate change, markets and access to technology, and diffusion strategies are discussed in more detail.

Biagini, Bonizella; Kuhl, Laura; Gallagher, Kelly Sims; Ortiz, Claudia

2014-09-01

6

Technology transfer 1994  

SciTech Connect

This document, Technology Transfer 94, is intended to communicate that there are many opportunities available to US industry and academic institutions to work with DOE and its laboratories and facilities in the vital activity of improving technology transfer to meet national needs. It has seven major sections: Introduction, Technology Transfer Activities, Access to Laboratories and Facilities, Laboratories and Facilities, DOE Office, Technologies, and an Index. Technology Transfer Activities highlights DOE`s recent developments in technology transfer and describes plans for the future. Access to Laboratories and Facilities describes the many avenues for cooperative interaction between DOE laboratories or facilities and industry, academia, and other government agencies. Laboratories and Facilities profiles the DOE laboratories and facilities involved in technology transfer and presents information on their missions, programs, expertise, facilities, and equipment, along with data on whom to contact for additional information on technology transfer. DOE Offices summarizes the major research and development programs within DOE. It also contains information on how to access DOE scientific and technical information. Technologies provides descriptions of some of the new technologies developed at DOE laboratories and facilities.

Not Available

1994-01-01

7

Technology Transfer Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Since its inception, Goddard has pursued a commitment to technology transfer and commercialization. For every space technology developed, Goddard strives to identify secondary applications. Goddard then provides the technologies, as well as NASA expertise and facilities, to U.S. companies, universities, and government agencies. These efforts are based in Goddard's Technology Commercialization Office. This report presents new technologies, commercialization success stories, and other Technology Commercialization Office activities in 1999.

2000-01-01

8

Transferring Technology to Industry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the technology transfer processes in which JPL has been involved to assist in transferring the technology derived from aerospace research and development to industry. California Institute of Technology (CalTech), the organization that runs JPL, is the leading institute in patents for all U.S. universities. There are several mechanisms that are available to JPL to inform industry of these technological advances: (1) a dedicated organization at JPL, National Space Technology Applications (NSTA), (2) Tech Brief Magazine, (3) Spinoff magazine, and (4) JPL publications. There have also been many start-up organizations and businesses from CalTech.

Wolfenbarger, J. Ken

2006-01-01

9

Technology Transfer: Marketing Tomorrow's Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The globalization of the economy and the end of the Cold War have triggered many changes in the traditional practices of U.S. industry. To effectively apply the resources available to the United States, the federal government has firmly advocated a policy of technology transfer between private industry and government labs, in this case the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). NASA Administrator Daniel Goldin is a strong proponent of this policy and has organized technology transfer or commercialization programs at each of the NASA field centers. Here at Langley Research Center, the Technology Applications Group (TAG) is responsible for facilitating the transfer of Langley developed research and technology to U.S. industry. Entering the program, I had many objectives for my summer research with TAG. Certainly, I wanted to gain a more thorough understanding of the concept of technology transfer and Langley's implementation of a system to promote it to both the Langley community and the community at large. Also, I hoped to become more familiar with Langley's research capabilities and technology inventory available to the public. More specifically, I wanted to learn about the technology transfer process at Langley. Because my mentor is a member of Materials and Manufacturing marketing sector of the Technology Transfer Team, another overriding objective for my research was to take advantage of his work and experience in materials research to learn about the Advanced Materials Research agency wide and help market these developments to private industry. Through the various projects I have been assigned to work on in TAG, I have successfully satisfied the majority of these objectives. Work on the Problem Statement Process for TAG as well as the development of the Advanced Materials Research Brochure have provided me with the opportunity to learn about the technology transfer process from the outside looking in and the inside looking out. Because TAG covers all of the research efforts conducted at Langley, my studies with TAG were ab!e to provide me an excellent overview of Langley's contribution to the aeronautics industry.

Tcheng, Erene

1995-01-01

10

Technology transfer 1995.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Technology Transfer 1995 is intended to inform the US industrial and academic sectors about the many opportunities they have to form partnerships with the US Department of Energy (DOE) for the mutual advantage of the individual institutions, DOE, and the ...

1995-01-01

11

Technology Transfer and Commercialization  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During concurrent sessions for Materials and Structures for High Performance and Emissions Reduction, the UEET Intellectual Property Officer and the Technology Commercialization Specialist will discuss the UEET Technology Transfer and Commercialization goals and efforts. This will include a review of the Technology Commercialization Plan for UEET and what UEET personnel are asked to do to further the goals of the Plan. The major goal of the Plan is to define methods for how UEET assets can best be infused into industry. The National Technology Transfer Center will conduct a summary of its efforts in assessing UEET technologies in the areas of materials and emissions reduction for commercial potential. NTTC is assisting us in completing an inventory and prioritization by commercialization potential. This will result in increased exposure of UEET capabilities to the private sector. The session will include audience solicitation of additional commercializable technologies.

Martin, Katherine; Chapman, Diane; Giffith, Melanie; Molnar, Darwin

2001-01-01

12

Robotic technology evolution and transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A report concerning technology transfer in the area of robotics is presented in vugraph form. The following topics are discussed: definition of technology innovation and tech-transfer; concepts relevant for understanding tech-transfer; models advanced to portray tech-transfer process; factors identified as promoting tech-transfer; factors identified as impeding tech-transfer; what important roles do individuals fulfill in tech-transfer; federal infrastructure for promoting tech-transfer; federal infrastructure for promoting tech-transfer; robotic technology evolution; robotic technology transferred; and recommendations for successful robotics tech-transfer.

Marzwell, Neville I.

1992-01-01

13

National Technology Transfer Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Technology Transfer Center (NTTC) "provides access to federal technology information, technology and market assessment services, technology marketing and assistance in finding strategic partners." The purpose of the Center is to help make "commercialization deals happen" by fostering relationships with federal clients, showcasing technologies and facilitating partnerships between clients and US industry. The technologies showcased here have been assessed by a team of market and technology analysts for their commercial potential. This extensive database of technologies, which largely seems to come from NASA, can be searched by keyword or browsed by category, such as medical devices, communications, software, or aerodynamics. NTTC's services and programs that promote business partnerships are described further on this website.

14

Departmental technology transfer update  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective is the following: to provide the perspective of the Department of Energy (DOE); emphasize new and emerging initiatives; and address unresolved issues that might impact successful program implementation. The approach is the following: to provide a brief overview of DOE, its R&D, and its technology transfer assets; to briefly describe the evolution of DOE's enhanced technology transfer program; to report on specific progress and achievements over the past year--as the spring board for our current and future plans; to present our near and longer term plans; and to survey the remaining issues and the resolution process.

Lewis, Roger A.

1992-01-01

15

EPA underwrites technology transfer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Environmental Protection Agency will establish a multi-million dollar corporation at the University of Pittsburgh that will aim to speed up the commercial development of environmental technology. The National Environmental Technology Applications Corporation (NETAC) will be responsible for identifying promising projects underway around the country and helping usher techniques and products into the marketplace.According to EPA administrator Lee Thomas, “NETAC will be a positive force for changing the way government and industry work together in the environmental area. It will provide a new approach that will effectively increase the transfer of pollution control technologies among environmental decision-makers in both government and industry.“

16

Technology transfer initiatives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) technology transfer activities with the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) for the period of April 1993 through December 1993. Early in 1993, the MSFC/TUO and UAH conceived of the concept of developing stand-alone, integrated data packages on MSFC technology that would serve industrial needs previously determined to be critical. Furthermore, after reviewing over 500 problem statements received by MSFC, it became obvious that many of these requests could be satisfied by a standard type of response. As a result, UAH has developed two critical area response (CAR) packages: CFC (chlorofluorocarbon) replacements and modular manufacturing and simulation. Publicity included news releases, seminars, articles and conference papers. The Huntsville Chamber of Commerce established the Technology Transfer Subcommittee with the charge to identify approaches for the Chamber to assist its members, as well as non-members, access to the technologies at the federal laboratories in North Alabama. The Birmingham Chamber of Commerce has expressed interest in establishing a similar technology transfer program. This report concludes with a section containing a tabulation of the problem statements, including CAR packages, submitted to MSFC from January 1992 through December 1993.

Mccain, Wayne; Schroer, Bernard J.; Ziemke, M. Carl

1994-01-01

17

Ames Lab 101: Technology Transfer  

SciTech Connect

Ames Laboratory Associate Laboratory Director, Sponsored Research Administration, Debra Covey discusses technology transfer. Covey also discusses Ames Laboratory's most successful transfer, lead-free solder.

Covey, Debra

2010-01-01

18

Technology Transfer Network and Affiliations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Technology Transfer Partnership program sponsors a number of organizations around the country that are designed to assist U.S. businesses in accessing, utilizing, and commercializing NASA-funded research and technology. These organizations work closely with the Technology Transfer Offices, located at each of the 10 NASA field centers, providing a full range of technology transfer and commercialization services and assistance.

2003-01-01

19

Technology Transfer Center | Staff Directory  

Cancer.gov

Charlotte McGuinness - Unit Supervisor CSC and Specialist for NCCAM Tawanda Abdelmouti - Technology Development Administrative Specialist Vio Conley - Technology Transfer Specialist for NIA and NIDA Joseph M.

20

Technology transfer 1995  

SciTech Connect

Technology Transfer 1995 is intended to inform the US industrial and academic sectors about the many opportunities they have to form partnerships with the US Department of Energy (DOE) for the mutual advantage of the individual institutions, DOE, and the nation as a whole. It also describes some of the growing number of remarkable achievements resulting from such partnerships. These partnership success stories offer ample evidence that Americans are learning how to work together to secure major benefits for the nation--by combining the technological, scientific, and human resources resident in national laboratories with those in industry and academia. The benefits include more and better jobs for Americans, improved productivity and global competitiveness for technology-based industries, and a more efficient government laboratory system.

Not Available

1995-01-01

21

Toward improved technology transfer  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a model and describes two new initiatives for improving technology transfer. The model and the initiatives call for the following paradigm shifts: (1) Be proactive instead of reactive; (2) Improve leadership skills first, then management skills; (3) Organize and execute around a few critical activities that matter the most instead of the many that matter the least; (4) Think win-win, instead of ``my way`` or ``your way``; (5) Listen first, speak second; (6) Make 1+1=1,000 instead of 2; and (7) Renew resources daily instead of intermittently.

Hays, W.W. [Geological Survey, Reston, VA (United States)

1995-12-31

22

Technology Transfer and the University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The commercialization of university research and the growing importance of technology transfer is examined through discussing and comparing the history of technology transfer and its organization in four major American research universities: University of California, Berkley; Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Stanford University; and…

Matkin, Gary W.

23

PAVEMENT TECHNOLOGY UPDATE This Technology Transfer Program  

E-print Network

PAVEMENT TECHNOLOGY UPDATE This Technology Transfer Program publication is funded by the Division by the University of California Pavement Research Center. The University of California Pavement Research Center Using innovative research and sound engineering principles to improve pavement structures, materials

California at Berkeley, University of

24

Technology Application Centers: Facilitating Technology Transfer  

E-print Network

Industrial DSM programs cannot succeed unless customers learn about and implement new technologies in a timely manner. Why? Because this expeditious transfer of new technologies represents the key challenge for the 1990s. This paper explores...

Kuhel, G. J.

25

Methodological and Technological Issues in Technology Transfer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Effective global response to climate change requires the development and transfer of environmentally sound technologies between and within countries, both for adapting to climate change as well as for mitigating the effects of greenhouse gas emissions. This Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) offers a state-of-the-art overview of how to achieve and enhance this transfer. 185 eminent experts from around the world provide accurate, unbiased, policy-relevant information on technology transfer, such as capacity building, the promotion of an enabling environment, and mechanisms for technology transfer from developed to developing countries. This IPCC volume is the most comprehensive assessment available on technology transfer for policymakers in industry and environmental organizations, and researchers in global change, technology, engineering, and economics.

Metz, Bert; Davidson, Ogunlade R.; Martens, Jan-Willem; van Rooijen, Sascha N. M.; van Wie McGrory, Laura

2000-07-01

26

Strategic Planning of Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the Ohio Technology Transfer Organization (OTTO) as its primary example, this paper offers a strategic planning perspective on technology transfer and human resources development. First, a brief overview is provided of the maturation of mission priorities and planning processes in higher education in the United States, followed by a…

Groff, Warren H.

27

SHARED TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect

The program established a collaborative process with domestic industries for the purpose of sharing Navy-developed technology. Private sector businesses were educated so as to increase their awareness of the vast amount of technologies that are available, with an initial focus on technology applications that are related to the Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies (Hydrogen) Program of the U.S. Department of Energy. Specifically, the project worked to increase industry awareness of the vast technology resources available to them that have been developed with taxpayer funding. NAVSEA-Carderock and the Houston Advanced Research Center teamed with Nicholls State University to catalog NAVSEA-Carderock unclassified technologies, rated the level of readiness of the technologies and established a web based catalog of the technologies. In particular, the catalog contains technology descriptions, including testing summaries and overviews of related presentations.

GRIFFIN, JOHN M. HAUT, RICHARD C.

2008-03-07

28

Options for Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Structural means by which institutions of higher education can tap technology are explored with an examination of the licensing of technological discoveries as well as the creation of start-up companies based upon university-developed technology. Additionally, the corporate structures that are being formed so that institutions can more easily hold…

Anderson, Richard E.; Sugarman, Barry

1989-01-01

29

The challenges of technology transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Observations of challenges of technology transfer are presented with emphasis placed on the position of industry seeking technology through the media of technology searches. Factors considered are: (1) not-invented-here syndrome; (2) penetration of technological literature; (3) gap between origin and industry use; (4) large aerospace manufacturer vs. the small manufacturer; (5) link between the technology disseminator and the potential user; (6) feasibility of substitutions in terms of production costs; and (7) role of patents. It is shown that industry, government agencies, and others having technology to disseminate or use, must mutually understand the technology tools and translate to one another's capabilities, in order to profit from this national resource.

Hazelwood, J. N.

1974-01-01

30

Technology Transfer Center | Careers & Training  

Cancer.gov

Technology transfer is a growing field encompassing the convergence of research, innovation, and commercialization. In order to facilitate the growth of this field, several training and education opportunities are available.

31

Technology Transfer Center | Staff Directory  

Cancer.gov

SKIP ALL NAVIGATION SKIP TO SUB MENU Search Site Technology Transfer Center of the National Cancer Institute Standard Forms & Agreements Co-Development & Resources Careers & Training Intellectual Property & Inventions About TTC Overview Role of TTC Success

32

"S" Glass Manufacturing Technology Transfer  

SciTech Connect

A glass-ceramic-to metal sealing technology patented by Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque (SNLA) was developed by MRC-Mound for use in the manufacture of weapon components. Successful implementation attracted increasingly widespread weapon use of this technology. "S-glass" manufacturing technology was transferred to commercial vendors to ensure that weapons production schedules would be met in the coming years. Such transfer also provided sources of this fledgling technology for the Department of Defense (DOD), aerospace and other commercial uses. The steps involved in the technology transfer are described, from the initial cooperative development work of Sandia and Mound scientists and technologists to the final phase of qualifying commercial vendors for component manufacture.

Buckner, Dean, A.; McCollister, Howard, L.

1988-06-01

33

Entrepreneurial separation to transfer technology.  

SciTech Connect

Entrepreneurial separation to transfer technology (ESTT) program is that entrepreneurs terminate their employment with Sandia. The term of the separation is two years with the option to request a third year. Entrepreneurs are guaranteed reinstatement by Sandia if they return before ESTT expiration. Participants may start up or helpe expand technology businesses.

Fairbanks, Richard R.

2010-09-01

34

Lake restoration technology transfer assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based upon a review of the eutrophication problem and its impact on lake restoration (LR) programs, treatment of the relatively new problem of acid deposition and its impact on LR activities, consideration of the LR programs of the Environmental Protection Agency and several states, and a review of individual LR technology transfer publications, it is recommended that new LR technology

M. H. Daschbach; E. M. Roe; W. E. Sharpe

1982-01-01

35

Ethical Considerations in Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines ethical considerations involved in the transfer of appropriate information technology to less developed countries. Approaches to technology are considered; two philosophical frameworks for studying ethical considerations are discussed, i.e., the Kantian approach and the utilitarian perspective by John Stuart Mill; and integration of the…

Froehlich, Thomas J.

1991-01-01

36

Technology Transfer Center | About TTC  

Cancer.gov

The NCI Technology Transfer Center (TTC) provides a complete array of services to support technology development activities for the National Cancer Institute and the NIH institutes served by TTC. TTC staff negotiate transactional agreements with outside parties, including universities, pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies to ensure compliance with Federal statutes, regulations and the policies of the National Institutes of Health.

37

Successfully transfer HPI proprietary technology  

SciTech Connect

Intellectual property such as petrochemical/refining licensed technologies are revenue generators for many operating and E/C companies. Successful transfers of available technologies involve many critical elements beyond the basic design engineering stages. Buyers and sellers both have obligations to the licensing agreements. These obligations will vary widely as to the clients` needs and strengths, especially for facilities to be constructed in developing areas. Using the author`s guidelines can streamline new technology evaluations and acquisitions.

Hassan, N. [BE and K, Newark, DE (United States)

1997-02-01

38

Development of subwavelength structure coating (SWC) and its application to imaging lenses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Canon Inc. released the new EF 24mm f/1.4L II USM lens with a subwavelength structure coating (SWC), a new type of high performance anti-reflective coating, in December 2008. The subwavelength structure, which is made from microcrystalline alumina, can be formed on large, curved surfaces using a simple sol-gel process. Furthermore, by inserting a thin-film layer with an intermediate refractive index between the lens and the microcrystalline alumina, it is possible to achieve superior anti-reflection performance matching various lens refractive indexes. This report presents the principles and performance of SWC and describes the application of SWC to imaging lenses.

Okuno, Takeharu

2010-08-01

39

Lake restoration technology transfer assessment  

SciTech Connect

Based upon a review of the eutrophication problem and its impact on lake restoration (LR) programs, treatment of the relatively new problem of acid deposition and its impact on LR activities, consideration of the LR programs of the Environmental Protection Agency and several states, and a review of individual LR technology transfer publications, it is recommended that new LR technology transfer programs be given a low priority until more new information is available on the restoration of acidified lakes. Both primary and secondary users of LR research, technology transfer documents, and public awareness documents were considered in this assessment. Primary users included the general public and recreationists, lakeshore property owners, lake/homeowner associations, lake/sanitary districts, and research and environmental organizations; secondary users included state/county/local officials who administer/manage water-related regulations/activities. 4 tables.

Daschbach, M.H.; Roe, E.M.; Sharpe, W.E.

1982-06-01

40

Technology Transfer Center | Institutes Served By TTC  

Cancer.gov

The Technology Transfer Center (TTC) provides technology transfer services to NCI. In addition, TTC is a designated Competitive Service Center (CSC) for technology transfer, offering to other NIH institutes a range of services from consultations to full technology transfer services. TTC serves the twelve institutes listed below.

41

Technology transfer and space science missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Viewgraphs on technology transfer and space science missions are provided. Topics covered include: project scientist role within NASA; role of universities in technology transfer; role of government laboratories in research; and technology issues associated with science.

Acuna, Mario

1992-01-01

42

Technology Transfer: A Contact Sport  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Technology transfer is a dynamic process, involving dynamic people as the bridge between NASA Langley Research Center and the outside world. This bridge, for nonaerospace applications, is known as the Technology Applications Group. The introduction of new innovations and expertise where they are needed occurs through a 'push' and 'pull' process. A 'push' occurs when a new technology is first developed with high commercial potential and then a company is found to licence or further develop the technology. The 'pull' process occurs through problem statements. A company or group will submit a written statement of what they need and the shortcomings of commercially available technology. The Technology Transfer Team (T3) reviews these problem statements and decides where NASA LaRC can offer assistance. A researcher or group of researchers are then identified who can help solve the problem and they are put in contact with the company. Depending upon the situation in either method, a Space Act Agreement (SAA), or outline of the responsibilities for each party, is developed.

Paynter, Nina P.

1995-01-01

43

Technology transfer and international law  

SciTech Connect

Controversy surrounding technology transfer to developing countries reflects the need to evaluate transfer policies in such a way that the political and economic implications of alternative strategies are considered. A thorough study of historical power relationships as well as the legal ramifications should guide policymakers. This review of technology-transfer issues analyzes the split between those industrialized areas that claim exclusive use of inventions and the counterclaims by those in the Third World who want easier access to technology and who want that access to be recognized as an inherent right. Disparity in the global distribution of technology is examined in terms of its socio-economic impacts, the legal aspects of policy and patents, and the Third World concept of a transnational regime. The analysis continues with a discussion of the factors affecting international conflict and a set of criteria for resolving competing claims. It concludes with suggested reforms which would take account of the Third World concerns by restructuring the institutions of health and social planning on the basis of meeting real needs. 467 notes and references. (DCK)

Nanyenya-Takirambudde, P.

1980-01-01

44

Construction industry development: role of technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

For several decades, transfer of technologies from industrialized countries has been viewed as a key to addressing the low level of technological development of developing countries. This paper considers technology transfer as a mechanism for improving construction industries in developing countries. It discusses the nature of technology and its development and the relevance of its transfer. It outlines differences between

George Ofori

1994-01-01

45

The human element in technology transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A transfer model composed of three roles and their linkages was considered. This model and a growing body of experience was analyzed to provide guidance in the human elements of technology transfer. For example, criteria for selection of technology transfer agents was described, and some needed working climate factors were known. These concepts were successfully applied to transfer activities.

Peake, H. J.

1978-01-01

46

Strategic directions and mechanisms in technology transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An outline summarizing the Working Panel discussion related to strategic directions for technology transfer is presented. Specific topics addressed include measuring success, management of technology, innovation and experimentation in the tech transfer process, integration of tech transfer into R&D planning, institutionalization of tech transfer, and policy/legislative resources.

Mackin, Robert

1992-01-01

47

Technology Transfer Center | NCI TTC Fellowship Program  

Cancer.gov

The DHHS, NIH, NCI Technology Transfer Center (TTC) has fellowship opportunities available to qualified candidates in one of the fastest growing fields, technology transfer. These fellowship opportunities let you combine your science background with a new career in the technology transfer field.

48

Technology Transfer Center | Competitive Service Center  

Cancer.gov

The Technology Transfer Center (TTC) is a designated Competitive Service Center (CSC) for technology transfer to other NIH Institutes and Centers (ICs). The CSC at TTC offers a range of services and works with each client IC to determine the IC's unique technology transfer needs.

49

Geo energy research and development: technology transfer  

SciTech Connect

Sandia Geo Energy Programs related to geothermal, coal, oil and gas, and synfuel resources have provided a useful mechanism for transferring laboratory technologies to private industry. Significant transfer of hardware, computer programs, diagnostics and instrumentation, advanced materials, and in situ process understanding has occurred through US/DOE supported programs in the past five years. The text briefly reviews the technology transfer procedures and summarizes 32 items that have been transferred and another 20 technologies that are now being considered for possible transfer to industry. A major factor in successful transfer has been personal interactions between Sandia engineers and the technical staff from private industry during all aspects of the technology development.

Traeger, R.K.

1982-03-01

50

Firms' absorptive capacity and technology compatibility in transferred technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Absorptive capacity and technological compatibility are among the many elements that facilitate the transference of technology. However, studies that discussed absorptive capacity overlooked most elements that have been suggested to comprise the construct. In addition, studies on technology transfer have also not integrated both the firm's capacity to absorb the technology and the appropriateness of the technology, even though both

Sarina Muhamad Noor; Rushami Zien Yusoff; Fariza Hashim

2010-01-01

51

Entrepreneurship and university-based technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The success of business incubators and technology parks in university settings is often determined by how well technology is transferred from the labs to their startup firms. University technology transfer offices (UTTOs) function as “technology intermediaries” in fulfilling this role. Yet, entrepreneurship theory and research on the role of the UTTO in business incubation and new venture formation is sparse.

Gideon D. Markman; Phillip H. Phan; David B. Balkin; Peter T. Gianiodis

2005-01-01

52

Frequently Asked Questions 1. Technology Transfer  

E-print Network

to develop a new technology. Often these approaches are associated with the raising of venture capital (VCFrequently Asked Questions 1. Technology Transfer 2. Patent 3. Requirements for obtaining a patent is not addressed, please contact Colleen Michael at 631-344 -4919. #12;What is Technology Transfer? Technology

53

Does Technology Transfer Facilitate Technological Progress? Evidence from China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper empirically investigates the impact of technology transfer which consists of imports of technology and purchase of domestic technology on total factor productivity for a cross sectional sample of large and medium-sized industrial enterprises by 30 major provinces or regions in China. The possible determinants of total factor productivity are sought with special focus on technology transfer. An endogeneity

Wuwei Li

2010-01-01

54

A Small Business Model for Technology Transfer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Government funding of technology transfer and technological innovation through the Small Business Innovative Research program has had many successes during the nearly two decades of its operations. A means is suggested here to enhance the conditions for successful commercialization of both existing government technology transfer programs and for developing new technology that address technology needs of the various agencies and departments. Small businesses are critical sources of new technology and have been for many years. A business model that will foster technology innovation and help small businesses be successful developing technology and making the technology commercially viable will enhance the value of the program to the government and small business community.

Steinman, D. K.

2002-10-01

55

Technology transfer: Insider protection workshop  

SciTech Connect

The Safeguards Evaluation Method--Insider Threat, developed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, is a field-applicable tool to evaluate facility safeguards against theft or diversion of special nuclear material (SNM) by nonviolent insiders. To ensure successful transfer of this technology from the laboratory to DOE field offices and contractors, LLNL developed a three-part package. The package includes a workbook, user-friendly microcomputer software, and a three-day training program. The workbook guides an evaluation team through the Safeguards Evaluation Method and provides forms for gathering data. The microcomputer software assists in the evaluation of safeguards effectiveness. The software is designed for safeguards analysts with no previous computer experience. The three-day training program is called the Insider Protection Workshop. The workshop students learn how to use the workbook and the computer software to assess insider vulnerabilities and to evaluate the benefits and costs of potential improvements.

Strait, R.S.; Renis, T.A.

1986-01-01

56

Technology Transfer Center | Role of TTC  

Cancer.gov

Review, negotiate, and execute appropriate technology transfer agreements (including Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADA), Clinical Trial Agreements, Material Transfer Agreements, and Confidential Disclosure Agreements) to ensure that they are in accord with applicable laws and policies.

57

FY 2004 Technology Transfer Network and Affiliations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Innovative Partnerships Program sponsors a number of organizations around the country that are designed to assist U.S. businesses in accessing, utilizing, and commercializing NASA-funded research and technology. These organizations work closely with the Technology Transfer Offices, located at each of the 10 NASA field centers, providing a full range of technology transfer and commercialization services and assistance.

2004-01-01

58

Technology Transfer award funding data* Figure 1. Current Technology Transfer awards  

E-print Network

6 1 4 3 48 23 30 10 Technology Transfer award funding data* Figure 1. Current Technology Transfer awards Numbers represent active grants as at 1 October 2013 Figure 2. Technology Transfer award expenditure 2012/13 by value On 1 October 2013 we were funding 125 active awards through our Technology

Rambaut, Andrew

59

SWAMI II technology transfer plan  

SciTech Connect

Thousands of drums of radioactive/hazardous/mixed waste are currently stored at DOE sites throughout US; they are stored in warehouse facilities on an interim basis, pending final disposition. Recent emphasis on anticipated decommissioning of facilities indicates that many more drums of waste will be generated, requiring additional storage. Federal and state regulations dictate that hazardous waste covered by RCRA be inspected periodically for container degradation and to verify inventories. All known DOE waste storage facilities are currently inspected manually. A system to perform robotic inspection of waste drums is under development by the SRTC Robotics Group of WSRC; it is called the Stored Waste Autonomous Mobile Inspector (SWAMI). The first version, SWAMI I, was developed by the Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) as a proof of principle system for autonomous inspection of drums in a warehouse. SWAMI I was based on the Transitions Research Corporation (TRC) HelpMate mobile robot. TRC modified the Helpmate to navigate in aisles of drums. SRTC added subsystems to SWAMI I to determine its position in open areas, read bar code labels on the drums up to three levels high, capture images of the drums and perform a radiation survey of the floor in the aisles. The radiation survey was based on SRTC patented technology first implemented on the Semi-Intelligent Mobile Observing Navigator (SIMON). The radiation survey is not essential for the inspection of drums, but is an option that can increase the utility and effectiveness of SWAMI in warehouses with radioactive and/or mixed waste. All the sensors on SWAMI I were fixed on the vehicle. From the success of SWAMI I, a second version, SWAMI II, was developed; it will be evaluated at Fernald and tested with two other mobile robots. Intent is to transfer the technology developed for SWAMI I and II to industry so that it can supply additional units for purchase for drum inspection.

Ward, C.R.; Peterson, K.D.; Harpring, L.J.; Immel, D.M.; Jones, J.D.; Mallet, W.R.

1995-12-31

60

National Cancer Institute | Technology Transfer Center  

Cancer.gov

The Technology Transfer Center (TTC) of the National Cancer Institute makes it easy for industry and academia to interact and partner with National Institutes of Health laboratories and scientists to support technology development activities.

61

National Cancer Institute | Technology Transfer Center  

Cancer.gov

SKIP ALL NAVIGATION Search Site Technology Transfer Center of the National Cancer Institute Standard Forms & Agreements Co-Development & Resources Careers & Training Intellectual Property & Inventions About TTC Home > News & Events NCI Technologies

62

Nonaerospace uses of JPL technology: a report on technology transfer  

SciTech Connect

This report examines various nonaerospace applications of JPL technology. JPL has developed and applied a number of models for the effective transfer of space technology to uses in the public and private sector. Successful technology transfers were achieved in the following areas: chromosome analysis mass spectrometry manufacturing cost prediction gas detection by lasers blood substitutes ultrasound imaging composite materials and detonation and flame arresters.

Not Available

1983-09-01

63

The markets for technology transfer through licensing  

SciTech Connect

The demand for certain technology is the derived demand for the final product produced through this technology. This essay studies the international technology transfer through licensing. The profit-maximizing behaviors of both technology recipients and suppliers in the imperfectly competitive markets, monopoly and oligopoly, are incorporated in this essay. The pricing behaviors and market-entrance decisions of multinational enterprises in international markets are examined. This essay shows that the conclusion of some paper in the field of technology transfer may no longer hold when technology must be acquired from incompetitive markets. This essay also provides theoretical models to explain the technology diffusion in international markets.

Lin, Wei-Shong.

1988-01-01

64

Hydraulic Wind Power Transfer Technology Afshin Izadian  

E-print Network

high cost of wind energy and technological dependency on countries such as China and Germany. ReducingHydraulic Wind Power Transfer Technology Afshin Izadian Purdue School of Engineering and Technology, Department of Engineering Technology Indiana University ­ Purdue University Indianapolis Abstract: Expiration

Zhou, Yaoqi

65

OVERVIEW OF THE EMPACT TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

An overview of the development of technology transfer products for the EMPACT program was presented. Each EMPACT Technology Transfer product is designed to evaluate and share the lesons learned from the EMPACT projects to ensure the benefits are broadly distributed across the cou...

66

Technology transfer to the broader economy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Approaches to the transfer of government-funded civil space technology to the broader commercial economy were addressed by Working Panel no. 4. Some of the problems related to current strategies for technology transfer and recommendations for new approaches are described in outline form.

Dyer, Gordon; Clark, Robert

1992-01-01

67

Technology Transfer in Research and Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Partial Contents: The Linker Role in the Technology Transfer Process; Summary and Value of Technology Transfer Program; A Case Study of the Power Line Disturbance Monitor; A Study of Research Utilization in the U.S. Forest Service; The President's Interns...

J. A. Jolly, J. W. Creighton

1975-01-01

68

Spin-out Company Portfolio Technology Transfer  

E-print Network

, Catapult Venture Management, Partnerships UK, e-Synergy, the IP Group, Balderton Capital ManagementSpin-out Company Portfolio 2012 Technology Transfer The Sir Colin Campbell Building The University `Entrepreneurial University of the Year' in 2008. The Technology Transfer Office (TTO) has close links

Aickelin, Uwe

69

Technology Transfer/Commercialization Report 2002  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Contents include the following: 1. Technology opportunities and successes in 2002: Hilbert-Huang transform. New sensors via sol-gel-filled fiber optics. Hierarchical segmentation software. 2. Activity in 2002: encouraging researcher involvment. 10th annual new technology reporting award program. Commercial technology development program. 3. Inventorying new technologies: Sensors and detectors. Environmental systems. Information systems. Guidance, navigation, and control. Thermal and cryogenics. Optics. Patenting Goddard technologies. Striking gold with NASA technology transfer.

2002-01-01

70

Distinguishing Between Knowledge Transfer and Technology Transfer Activities: The Role of Key Organizational Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge transfer and technology transfer are often used interchangeably and while both knowledge transfer and technology transfer are highly interactive activities, they serve different purposes. Knowledge transfer implies a broader, more inclusive construct that is directed more toward understanding the \\

Shanthi Gopalakrishnan; Michael D. Santoro

2004-01-01

71

Gene transfer technology in aquaculture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The gene transfer technique, transgenesis, has permitted the transfer of genes from one organism to another to create new lineages of organisms with improvement in traits important to aquaculture. Genetically modified organisms (GMOs), therefore, hold promise for producing genetic improvements, such as enhanced growth rate, increased production and efficiency, disease resistance and expanded ecological ranges. The basic procedure to generate

J. A. Levy; L. F. Marins; A. Sanchez

2000-01-01

72

Technology Transfer: Creating the Right Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Small and medium-sized enterprises are considered to be the backbone of many European economies and a catalyst for economic growth. Universities are key players in encouraging and supporting economic growth through technology and knowledge-related transfer. The right environment to foster transfer is a proactive culture. (Contains 22 references.)…

McCullough, John M.

2003-01-01

73

WHICH MODEL OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY?  

E-print Network

1 WHICH MODEL OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY? A Comparison with Biotech.genet@grenoble-em.com Website: www.nanoeconomics.eu Abstract. Nanotechnologies are often presented as breakthrough innovations. This article investigates the model of knowledge transfer in the nanotechnologies in depth, by comparing

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

74

Reciprocal Technology Transfer: Changing Partnerships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Partnerships between businesses and higher education institutions can help meet the training and information-technology needs of businesses and simultaneously increase the expertise and technology base of the institutions. Challenges include obtaining venture capital, personnel, cultural differences, and legal issues. A Kent State University…

Barton, Lyle; Cartwright, G. Phillip

1997-01-01

75

Technology transfer program of Microlabsat  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A 50kg-class small satellite developed by JAXA called "MicroLabSat" was launched piggyback by H-IIA rocket No. 4 on 14 December 2002. This satellite will demonstrate small satellite bus technology and conduct experiments on a new separator feasibility and remote inspection technology. All missions were completed successfully on 25 May 2003. Furthermore, the hand-construction by young JAXA engineers motivated these engineers to higher performance in learning design, assembly and testing technology. Small and medium-sized Japanese companies have recently joined together and initiated a project to develop a small satellite. The goal of the project is to commercialise small satellites, which will require low- cost development. Therefore, they have started with a satellite incorporating the components and bus technologies of MicroLabSat and have been technically supported by universities and JAXA since 2004. This satellite project, in which industry, universities and a space agency are collaborating, seeks to meet the technical challenge of launching a low-cost satellite. This paper reports JAX's strategies for developing a small satellite for demonstrating space technology as well as the development and operation results of MicroLabSat. It also describes the project status of an industry-based satellite, developed through collaboration among industries, universities and the space agency, and how the technologies of MicroLabSat are applied.

Nakamura, Y.; Hashimoto, H.

2004-11-01

76

Technology Transfer: A Third World Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology transfer models are based on assumptions that do not reflect Third-World realities. Obstacles to building indigenous technology capacity include multinational corporations' control of innovations, strings attached to foreign aid, and indigenous reluctance to undertake research. Four areas of development include foreign direct…

Akubue, Anthony I.

2002-01-01

77

Transfer of space technology to industry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Some of the most significant applications of the NASA aerospace technology transfer to industry and other government agencies are briefly outlined. The technology utilization program encompasses computer programs for structural problems, life support systems, fuel cell development, and rechargeable cardiac pacemakers as well as reliability and quality research for oil recovery operations and pollution control.

Hamilton, J. T.

1974-01-01

78

The process for technology transfer in Baltimore  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ingredients essential for a successful decision process relative to proper technological choices for a large city were determined during four years of experience in the NASA/Baltimore Applications Project. The general approach, rationale, and process of technology transfer are discussed.

Golden, T. S.

1978-01-01

79

Targeted Technology Transfer to US Independents  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) was established by domestic crude oil and natural gas producers in 1994 as a national not-for-profit organization to address the increasingly urgent need to improve the technology-transfer process in the U.S. upstream petroleum industry. Coordinated from a Headquarters (HQ) office in Houston, PTTC maintains an active grassroots program executed by 10 Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs) and two satellite offices (Figure 1). Regional Directors interact with domestic oil and gas producers through technology workshops, resource centers, websites, newsletters, technical publications and cooperative outreach efforts. HQ facilitates inter-regional technology transfer and implements a comprehensive communications program. Active volunteers on the National Board and in Producer Advisory Groups (PAGs) in each of the 10 regions focus effort in areas that will create the most impact for domestic producers. Focused effort by dedicated individuals across the country has enabled PTTC to achieve the milestones outlined in Appendix A.

Donald F. Duttlinger; E. Lance Cole

2006-09-29

80

Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing Technology Transfer and Training Initiative (ECMT3I) Technology Transfer Model Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing Technology Transfer and Training Initiative (ECMT3I) is a cooperative effort among education and research institutions in New Mexico to analyze problems in transferring environmental technologies from Department of Energy laboratories to small and medium enterprises (SME's). The goal of the ECMT3I is to…

Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM.

81

A regional technology transfer program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The final report is presented for the North Carolina Science and Technology Research Center's 14th consecutive contract period as a NASA Industrial Applications Center, serving the information needs of nine Southeastern states. Included in the report are figures for and analysis of marketing efforts, file usage, search delivered, and other services performed for clients; and information on staff changes, workshops, and special projects in 1978. An appendix contains copies of NC/STRC magazine advertisements, letters from clients, and supplementary information on NC/STRC staff and services.

1978-01-01

82

Formal methods technology transfer: Some lessons learned  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

IBM has a long history in the application of formal methods to software development and verification. There have been many successes in the development of methods, tools and training to support formal methods. And formal methods have been very successful on several projects. However, the use of formal methods has not been as widespread as hoped. This presentation summarizes several approaches that have been taken to encourage more widespread use of formal methods, and discusses the results so far. The basic problem is one of technology transfer, which is a very difficult problem. It is even more difficult for formal methods. General problems of technology transfer, especially the transfer of formal methods technology, are also discussed. Finally, some prospects for the future are mentioned.

Hamilton, David

1992-01-01

83

Communications: technology transfer in the developed world.  

PubMed

Support for research is increasingly dependent upon the results of that research having relevance to society's needs and public benefits. This increase pressure to move research results out of the laboratory and into the user's hands. To facilitate this, a variety of technology transfer mechanisms have evolved to facilitate transfer of knowledge and processes. These mechanisms, in addition to their implied benefits for the researchers and the user, often have certain consequences which are unanticipated and cause transfer to fail or not meet expectations. Foremost, cultural change on the part of both private organizations and public laboratories is probably necessary to allow effective partnerships. Coupled with the transfer of knowledge is the opportunity to more effectively explain to society the benefits it receives for its investments in research. Such communication has not been especially successful for veterinary parasitology. However, the revolution in communication (e.g. rise of mass media, computer networks) presents new opportunities to parasitologists to more effectively communicate both technology and knowledge directly to the users, and also to inform supporters, policy-makers and the general public of the relevance and importance of veterinary parasitology in improving society's well-being. This review will discuss these new instruments of communication, the need to construct better messages, the benefits of technology transfer and the various means to meet the challenges associated with transferring research innovation to the user and the marketplace. PMID:8893468

Murrell, K D

1996-08-01

84

NASA's southeast technology transfer alliance: A cooperative technology assistance initiative  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 1958, NASA has been charged with actively assisting in the transfer of technologies derived from the United States space program into the industrial sector of the U.S. economy. This has historically been accomplished through technology transfer offices working independently at each NASA field center. NASA recently restructured the program to provide regional coordination, maximize efficiencies, eliminate redundancies, and capitalize on each center's fundamental technology strengths. The nation is divided into six NASA technology transfer geographical regions with each region containing one or more NASA field centers and a regional technology transfer center. The southeast region includes the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee. The NASA field centers in this region are: the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama; the Kennedy Space Center in Florida; and the Stennis Space Center in Bay St. Louis, Mississippi. The centers have teamed to focus primarily on regional industries and businesses, to provide a wide range of resources for U.S. industries, including access to unique government facilities, regional workshops, and technical problem solving. Hundreds of American businesses have benefited from this new regional initiative, as evidenced by reports of over 10,500 added or saved jobs and over 988 million worth of economic impacts as a result of their technology transfer activities.

Craft, Harry G.; Sheehan, William; Johnson, Anne

1996-03-01

85

Los Alamos National Laboratory and technology transfer  

SciTech Connect

From its beginning in 1943, Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos) has traditionally used science and technology to fine creative, but practical solutions to complex problems. Los Alamos National Laboratory is operated by the University of California, under contact to the Department of Energy. We are a Government Owned-contractor Operated (GOCO) facility, and a Federally-funded research and Development Center (FFRDC). At Los Alamos, our mission is to apply science and engineering capabilities to problems of national security. Recently our mission has been broadened to include technology transfer to ensure the scientific and technical solutions are available to the marketplace. We are, in staff and technical capabilities, one of the worlds largest multidisciplinary, multiprogram laboratories. We conduct extensive research in energy, nuclear safeguards and security, biomedical science, conventional defense technologies, space science, computational science, environmental protection and cleanup, materials science, and other basic sciences. Since 1980, by a series of laws and executive orders, the resources of the federal laboratories have been made increasingly available to private industry via technology transfer efforts. Los Alamos National Laboratory uses a variety of technology transfer methods including laboratory visits, cooperative research, licensing, contract research, user facility access, personnel exchanges, consulting, publications, and workshops, seminars and briefings. We also use unique approaches, such as our negotiating teams, to ensure that transfer of our developed technology takes place in an open and competitive manner. During my presentation, I will discuss the overall process and some of the mechanism that we use at Los Alamos to transfer laboratory developed technology.

Bearce, T.D.

1992-05-01

86

Los Alamos National Laboratory and technology transfer  

SciTech Connect

From its beginning in 1943, Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos) has traditionally used science and technology to fine creative, but practical solutions to complex problems. Los Alamos National Laboratory is operated by the University of California, under contact to the Department of Energy. We are a Government Owned-contractor Operated (GOCO) facility, and a Federally-funded research and Development Center (FFRDC). At Los Alamos, our mission is to apply science and engineering capabilities to problems of national security. Recently our mission has been broadened to include technology transfer to ensure the scientific and technical solutions are available to the marketplace. We are, in staff and technical capabilities, one of the worlds largest multidisciplinary, multiprogram laboratories. We conduct extensive research in energy, nuclear safeguards and security, biomedical science, conventional defense technologies, space science, computational science, environmental protection and cleanup, materials science, and other basic sciences. Since 1980, by a series of laws and executive orders, the resources of the federal laboratories have been made increasingly available to private industry via technology transfer efforts. Los Alamos National Laboratory uses a variety of technology transfer methods including laboratory visits, cooperative research, licensing, contract research, user facility access, personnel exchanges, consulting, publications, and workshops, seminars and briefings. We also use unique approaches, such as our negotiating teams, to ensure that transfer of our developed technology takes place in an open and competitive manner. During my presentation, I will discuss the overall process and some of the mechanism that we use at Los Alamos to transfer laboratory developed technology.

Bearce, T.D.

1992-01-01

87

Technology transfer, a two-way street  

SciTech Connect

Technology transfer through the Pollution Prevention & Control Conferences, which have been cosponsored by the Environmental Protection Agency and by the professional societies of industry, greatly improved the environmental projects of the Department of Energy at Savannah River Site (SRS) in the mid-1980`s. Those technologies, used in the liquid effluent treatment of the metal finishing liquid effluents from aluminum cleaning and nickel plating of fuel and targets for the nuclear production reactors, have been enhanced by the research and development of SRS engineers and scientists. The technology transfer has now become a two-way street to the benefit of our Nation`s environment as these enhancements are being adopted in the metal finishing industry. These success stories are examples of the achievements anticipated in the 1990`s as technology development in the federal facilities is shared with commercial industry.

Martin, H.L.

1994-01-01

88

National Cancer Institute | Technology Transfer Center  

Cancer.gov

The first-of-its-kind, the Breast Cancer Startup Challenge, an international university student-based startup competition, was launched by the National Cancer Institute's Technology Transfer Center in partnership with the non-profit organizations Avon Foundation and the Center for Advancing Innovation. The primary goals of this challenge were to accelerate the process of bringing emerging technologies from the NCI Intramural Research Program to market and stimulate the creation of start-up businesses around NCI’s discoveries.

89

Software as a method of technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The CALCE Electronics Packaging Research Center (EPRC) located at the University of Maryland in College Park, Maryland uses software tools developed in-house to transfer technology to industry. Over the past seven years, the CALCE EPRC has developed and fielded various software tools which have aided industry in evaluating electronic packaging designs from a physics of failure standpoint. The software is

M. Osterman; C. Rust; T. Stadterman; P. Jackson; M. Rosman; D. Hoffman

1995-01-01

90

Aerospace technology transfer to breast cancer imaging.  

PubMed

In the United States in 1996, an estimated 44,560 women died of breast cancer, and 184,300 new cases were diagnosed. Advances in space technology are now making significant improvements in the imaging technologies used in managing this important foe. The first of these spinoffs, a digital spot mammography system used to perform stereotactic fine-needle breast biopsy, uses a backside-thinned CCD developed originally for the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrometer. This paper describes several successful biomedical applications which have resulted from collaborative technology transfer programs between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health (OWH). These programs have accelerated the introduction of direct digital mammography by two years. In follow-on work, RTI is now assisting the HHS Office on Women's Health to identify additional opportunities for transfer of aerospace, defense, and intelligence technologies to image-guided detection, diagnosis, and treatment of breast cancer. The technology identification and evaluation effort culminated in a May 1997 workshop, and the formative technology development partnerships are discussed. PMID:11541150

Winfield, D L

1997-01-01

91

Aerospace technology transfer to breast cancer imaging  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the United States in 1996, an estimated 44,560 women died of breast cancer, and 184,300 new cases were diagnosed. Advances in space technology are now making significant improvements in the imaging technologies used in managing this important foe. The first of these spinoffs, a digital spot mammography system used to perform stereotactic fine-needle breast biopsy, uses a backside-thinned CCD developed originally for the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrometer. This paper describes several successful biomedical applications which have resulted from collaborative technology transfer programs between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the U. S. Dept. of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health (OWH). These programs have accelerated the introduction of direct digital mammography by two years. In follow-on work, RTI is now assisting the HHS Office on Women's Health to identify additional opportunities for transfer of aerospace, defense, and intelligence technologies to image-guided detection, diagnosis, and treatment of breast cancer. The technology identification and evaluation effort culminated in a May 1997 workshop, and the formative technology development partnerships are discussed.

Winfield, Daniel L.

92

MHD Technology Transfer, Integration and Review Committee  

SciTech Connect

As part of the MHD Integrated Topping Cycle (ITC) project, TRW was given the responsibility to organize, charter and co-chair, with the Department of Energy (DOE), an MHD Technology Transfer, Integration and Review Committee (TTIRC). The Charter of the TTIRC, which was approved by the DOE in June 1988 and distributed to the committee members, is included as part of this Summary. As stated in the Charter, the purpose of this committee is to: (1) review all Proof-of-Concept (POC) projects and schedules in the national MHD program; to assess their compatibility with each other and the first commercial MHD retrofit plant; (2) establish and implement technology transfer formats for users of this technology; (3) identify interfaces, issues, and funding structures directly impacting the success of the commercial retrofit; (4) investigate and identify the manner in which, and by whom, the above should be resolved; and (5) investigate and assess other participation (foreign and domestic) in the US MHD Program. The DOE fiscal year 1989 MHD Program Plan Schedule is included at the end of this Summary. The MHD Technology Transfer, Integration and Review Committee's activities to date have focused primarily on the technology transfer'' aspects of its charter. It has provided a forum for the dissemination of technical and programmatic information among workers in the field of MHD and to the potential end users, the utilities, by holding semi-annual meetings. The committee publishes this semi-annual report, which presents in Sections 2 through 11 capsule summaries of technical progress for all DOE Proof-of-Concept MHD contracts and major test facilities.

Not Available

1989-10-01

93

Urban development applications project. Urban technology transfer study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Technology transfer is defined along with reasons for attempting to transfer technology. Topics discussed include theoretical models, stages of the innovation model, communication process model, behavior of industrial organizations, problem identification, technology search and match, establishment of a market mechanism, applications engineering, commercialization, and management of technology transfer.

1975-01-01

94

Communication and Cultural Change in University Technology Transfer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faculty culture and communication networks are pivotal components of technology transfer on university campuses. Universities are focused upon diffusing technology to external clients and upon building structure and support systems to enhance technology transfer. However, engaging faculty members in technology transfer requires an internal…

Wright, David

2013-01-01

95

Cooperative water resource technology transfer program  

SciTech Connect

This cooperative water resource technology transfer program sought to develop/present educational programs (conferences/seminars/workshops) and technology transfer brochures to enhance public awareness/appreciation of state water quality problems and to stress economic tradeoffs needed to resolve given problems. Accomplishments of this program for the different conferences held 1979-1981 are described (inland lake eutrophication: causes, effects, and remedies; contamination of groundwater supplies by toxic chemicals: causes, effects, and prevention; supplemental irrigation; stormwater management; cooperative research needs for renovation and reuse of municipal water in agriculture; selection and management of vegetation for slow rate and overland flow land application systems to treat municipal wastewater; effects of acid precipitation on ecological systems: Great Lakes region; water competition in Michigan; Michigan natural resources outlook.

D'itri, F.M.

1982-06-01

96

Tropical medicine: Telecommunications and technology transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The potential for global outbreaks of tropical infectious diseases, and our ability to identify and respond to such outbreaks is a major concern. Rapid, efficient telecommunications is viewed as part of the solution to this set of problems - the means to link a network of epidemiological field stations via satellite with U.S. academic institutions and government agencies, for purposes of research, training in tropical medicine, and observation of and response to epidemic emergencies. At a workshop, telecommunications and technology transfer were addressed and applications of telecommunications technology in long-distance consultation, teaching and disaster relief were demonstrated. Applications in teaching and consultation in tropical infectious diseases is discussed.

Legters, Llewellyn J.

1991-01-01

97

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PROJECTS Title Date Responsible  

E-print Network

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PROJECTS Title Date Responsible 15/01/2004 S.Maci ANALISI IN CAMPO VICINO DI ANTENNE AD ARRAY 09/03/2004 S.Maci 09/03/2004 M.Maggini 06/04/2004 A.Garulli 01/07/2004 A. Mecocci 09 09/12/2004 S.Maci 19/01/2005 M.Maggini 07/02/2005 A.Toccafondi CALL OF ORDER 09/03/2005 S.Maci 11

Garulli, Andrea

98

Transfer of technology: econometric analysis of Korea  

SciTech Connect

This study provides an econometric analysis of the technology transfer effects of foreign direct investment and international patents on the two digit level manufacturing industries in Korea, from the years 1967 to 1979. Specifically, it defines the technology transfer effects as the sum of direct and indirect effects and focuses on both the evidence of the existence of each effect on the cross industry analysis. Seven manufacturing industries are selected for analysis, based on the fact that each industry has received at least either foreign direct investment of international patents between 1967 and 1979. For these industries, evidences of both direct and indirect effects were expected to appear in regression results, in the form of significant coefficients. The basic conclusion of this study is that both the direct and the indirect technology transfer effect occur in Korean manufacturing industries and that they are closely related to some industrial characteristics such as the capital-labor ratio, and the total capital stock of a certain industry.

Oh, S.B.

1985-01-01

99

Technology Transfer and the Product Development Process  

SciTech Connect

It is my pleasure this morning to address a topic that is much talked about in passing but rarely examined from a first person point of view. That topic is Technology Transfer. Over the next 30 minutes I'd like to approach Technology Transfer within the context of the Product Development Process looking at it from the perspectives of the federal government researcher and the industry manufacturer/user. Fist let us recognize that we are living in an ''Information Age'', where global economic and military competition is determined as much by technology as it is by natural resource assets. It is estimated that technical/scientific information is presently growing at a rate of l3 percent per year; this is expected to increase to 30 percent per year by the turn of the century. In fact, something like 90 percent of all scientific knowledge has been generated in the last 30 years; this pool will double again in the next 10-15 years (Exhibit 1). Of all the scientists and engineers throughout history, 90% live and work in the present time. Successfully managing this technical information/knowledge--i.e., transforming the results of R&D to practical applications--will be an important measure of national strength. A little over a dozen years ago, the United States with only 5 percent of the world's population was generating approximately 75 percent of the world's technology. The US. share is now 50 percent and may decline to 30 percent by the turn of the century. This decline won't be because of downturn in U.S. technological advances but because the other 95 percent of the world's population will be increasing its contribution. Economic and military strength then, will be determined by how quickly and successfully companies, industries, and nations can apply new technological information to practical applications--i.e., how they manage technology transfer within the context of the product development process. Much discussion and pronouncements are ongoing in public forums today over the apparent decline in global competitiveness of U.S. industry. The question is why does U.S. industry not succeed in the development and marketing of competitive products when they lead in the generation of new technology.

Mock, John E.

1989-03-21

100

Space Biosensor Systems: Implications for Technology Transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To meet the need for continuous, automated monitoring of animal subjects, including; humans, during space flight, NASA is developing advanced physiologic sensor and biotelemetry system technologies. The ability to continuously track basic physiological parameters, such as heart rate, blood pH, and body temperature, in untethered subjects in space is a challenging task. At NASA's Ames Research Center, where a key focus is gravitational biology research, engineers have teamed with life scientists to develop wireless sensor systems for automated physiologic monitoring of animal models as small as the rat. This technology is also being adapted, in collaboration with medical professionals, to meet human clinical monitoring needs both in space and on the ground. Thus, these advanced monitoring technologies have important dual-use functions; they meet space flight data collection requirements and constraints, while concurrently addressing a number of monitoring and data acquisition challenges on the ground in areas of clinical monitoring and biomedical research. Additional applications for these and related technologies are being sought and additional partnerships established that enhance development efforts, reduce costs and facilitate technology infusion between the public and private sectors. This paper describes technology transfer and co-development projects that have evolved out of NASA's miniaturized, implantable chemical sensor development efforts.

Hines, J. W.; Somps, C. J.; Madou, M.; Imprescia, Clifford C. (Technical Monitor)

1997-01-01

101

Technology Transfer David Basin and Thai Son Hoang  

E-print Network

Technology Transfer David Basin and Thai Son Hoang Institute of Information Security, ETH Zurich, Switzerland Abstract. This paper presents our experience of knowledge and technology transfer within the lessons learned and what we would do differently in future technology transfer projects. Keywords

Basin, David

102

TARGETED TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO US INDEPENDENTS  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of assisting U.S. independent oil and gas producers with timely, informed technology decisions during Fiscal Year 2004 (FY04). PTTC has active grassroots programs through its 10 Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs) and 2 satellite offices. They bring research and academia to the table via their association with geological surveys and engineering departments. The regional directors interact with independent oil and gas producers through technology workshops, resource centers, websites, newsletters, technical publications and other cooperative outreach efforts. PTTC's Headquarters (HQ) staff receives direction from a National Board of Directors predominantly comprised of American natural gas and oil producers to plan and manage the overall technology transfer program. PTTC HQ implements a comprehensive communications program by interconnecting the talents of the National Board, 10 Regional Producer Advisory Groups (PAG) and the RLOs with industry across the U.S. PTTC effectively combines federal funding through the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy, namely the Strategic Center for Natural Gas and Oil with state and industry contributions to share application of upstream technologies. Ultimately, these efforts factor in to provide a safe, secure and reliable energy supply for American consumers. This integrated resource base, combined with industry volunteers guiding PTTC's activities and the dedication of national and regional staff, are achieving notable results regarding domestic production figures. PTTC is increasingly recognized as a critical resource for information and access to technologies by providing direct contact with research, development and demonstration (RD&D) results. A key to the program is demonstrating proven technologies that can be applied broadly and rapidly. This technical progress report summarizes PTTC's accomplishments during FY04. Activities remained at high levels. Board and staff interaction has defined strategic thrusts to further outreach. Networking, involvement in technical activities and an active exhibit schedule are increasing PTTC's sphere of influence with both producers and the service sector. PTTC's reputation for unbiased bottom line information stimulates cooperative ventures with other organizations. Efforts to build the contact database and a growing E-mail Technology Alert service are expanding PTTC's audience.

Donald F. Duttlinger; E. Lance Cole

2005-01-01

103

National Cancer Institute | Technology Transfer Center  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute’s Technology Transfer Center, the Avon Foundation and The Center for Advancing Innovation have partnered to create a “first-of-a-kind” Breast Cancer Start-up Challenge. The Challenge is a business plan and start-up challenge among multi-disciplinary university-led teams. The finalists in the best business plan phase of the challenge will launch a start-up, compete for seed funding, and negotiate a license for the invention in the final phase of the challenge.

104

Aeroassisted orbital transfer vehicle control technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The focus of this control has been to develop the control technology required to identify the sophistication required for the Aeroassisted Orbital Transfer Vehicle (AOTV) control system. An angle of attack, bank angle command control technique has been developed which uses either on-off thruster or proportional thruster. An angle of attack adaptive controller was included to minimize the reactor control system (RCS) usage due to payload center of gravity uncertainties. The guidance and control techniques were verified using a detail six degrees-of-freedom simulation. Mission sensitivity was developed for uncertainties in the entry state, mass properties, atmosphere, aerodynamic, and sensor.

Langehough, M. A.

1988-01-01

105

NASA Orbit Transfer Rocket Engine Technology Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The advanced expander cycle engine with a 15,000 lb thrust level and a 6:1 mixture ratio and optimized performance was used as the baseline for a design study of the hydrogen/oxgyen propulsion system for the orbit transfer vehicle. The critical components of this engine are the thrust chamber, the turbomachinery, the extendible nozzle system, and the engine throttling system. Turbomachinery technology is examined for gears, bearing, seals, and rapid solidification rate turbopump shafts. Continuous throttling concepts are discussed. Components of the OTV engine described include the thrust chamber/nozzle assembly design, nozzles, the hydrogen regenerator, the gaseous oxygen heat exchanger, turbopumps, and the engine control valves.

1984-01-01

106

Targeted Technology Transfer to US Independents  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) was established by domestic crude oil and natural gas producers, working in conjunction with the Independent Petroleum Association of America (IPAA), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and selected universities, in 1994 as a national not-for-profit organization. Its goal is to transfer Exploration and Production (E&P) technology to the domestic upstream petroleum industry, in particular to the small independent operators. PTTC connects producers, technology providers and innovators, academia, and university/industry/government research and development (R&D) groups. From inception PTTC has received federal funding through DOE's oil and natural gas program managed by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). With higher funding available in its early years, PTTC was able to deliver well more than 100 workshops per year, drawing 6,000 or more attendees per year. Facing the reality of little or no federal funding in the 2006-2007 time frame, PTTC and the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG) worked together for PTTC to become a subsidiary organization of AAPG. This change brings additional organizational and financial resources to bear for PTTC's benefit. PTTC has now been 'powered by AAPG' for two full fiscal years. There is a clear sense that PTTC has stabilized and is strengthening its regional workshop and national technology transfer programs and is becoming more entrepreneurial in exploring technology transfer opportunities beyond its primary DOE contract. Quantitative accomplishments: PTTC has maintained its unique structure of a national organization working through Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs) to deliver local, affordable workshops. During the contract period PTTC consolidated from 10 to six regions efficiency and alignment with AAPG sections. The number of workshops delivered by its RLOs during the contract period is shown below. Combined attendance over the period was approximately 32,000, 70% of whom were repeat attendees. Participant feedback established that 40% of them said they had applied a technology they learned of through PTTC. Central/Eastern Gulf Univ. of Alabama, LSU Center for Energy Studies 77 Eastern West Virginia University, Illinois Geological Survey, W. Michigan Univ. 99 Midcontinent University of Kansas, University of Tulsa, Okla. Geological Survey (past) 123 Rocky Mountains Colorado School of Mines 147 Texas/SE New Mexico Bureau of Economic Geology, U. of Texas at Austin 85 West Coast Conservation Committee of California O&G Producers, Univ. So. Cal. (past) 54 At the national level HQ went from an office in Houston to a virtual office in the Tulsa, Okla. area with AAPG providing any physical assets required. There are no employees, rather several full time and several part time contractors. Since inception, PTTC has produced quarterly and mailed the 16-page Network News newsletter. It highlights new advances in technology and has a circulation of 19,000. It also produces the Tech Connections Column in The American Oil & Gas Reporter, with a circulation of 13,000. On an approximate three-week frequency, the electronic Email Tech Alert goes out to 9,000 readers. The national staff also maintains a central website with information of national interest and individual sections for each of the six regions. The national organization also provides legal and accounting services, coordinates the RLO activities, exhibits at at least major national and other meetings, supports the volunteer Board as it provides strategic direction, and is working to restore the Producer Advisory Groups to bolster the regional presence. Qualitative Value: Three qualitative factors confirm PTTC's value to the domestic O&G producing industry. First, AAPG was willing to step in and rescue PTTC, believing it was of significant interest to its domestic membership and of potential value internationally. Second, through a period of turmoil and now with participant fees dramatically increased, industry participants 'keep coming back' to wo

E. Lance Cole

2009-09-30

107

Technology transfer from the space exploration initiative  

SciTech Connect

Space exploration has demonstrated that it stimulates the national economy by creating new and improved products, increased employment, and provides a stimulus to education. The exploration of the Moon and Mars under the Space Exploration Initiative has the potential of accelerating this stimulates to the economy. It is difficult to identify all of the concrete ways this will be accomplished. However, many areas can be identified. The space exploration building blocks of power, propulsion, spacecraft, robotics, rovers, mining and manufacturing, communications, navigation, habitats, life support and infrastructures are reviewed to identify possible technology areas. For example, better means for working in hazardous areas and handling hazardous waste are potential outcomes of this initiative. Methods to produce higher quality goods and improve America's competitiveness in manufacturing will undoubtedly evolve from the need to produce products that must last many years in the harsh environments of space and planetary surfaces. Some ideas for technology transfer are covered in this paper.

Buden, D.

1991-06-14

108

Technology transfer from the space exploration initiative  

SciTech Connect

Space exploration has demonstrated that it stimulates the national economy by creating new and improved products, increased employment, and provides a stimulus to education. The exploration of the Moon and Mars under the Space Exploration Initiative has the potential of accelerating this stimulates to the economy. It is difficult to identify all of the concrete ways this will be accomplished. However, many areas can be identified. The space exploration building blocks of power, propulsion, spacecraft, robotics, rovers, mining and manufacturing, communications, navigation, habitats, life support and infrastructures are reviewed to identify possible technology areas. For example, better means for working in hazardous areas and handling hazardous waste are potential outcomes of this initiative. Methods to produce higher quality goods and improve America`s competitiveness in manufacturing will undoubtedly evolve from the need to produce products that must last many years in the harsh environments of space and planetary surfaces. Some ideas for technology transfer are covered in this paper.

Buden, D.

1991-06-14

109

NASA Northeast Regional Technology Transfer Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report is a summary of the primary activities and metrics for the NASA Northeast Regional Technology Transfer Center, operated by the Center for Technology Commercialization, Inc. (CTC). This report covers the contract period January 1, 2000 - March 31, 2001. This report includes a summary of the overall CTC Metrics, a summary of the Major Outreach Events, an overview of the NASA Business Outreach Program, a summary of the Activities and Results of the Technology into the Zone program, and a Summary of the Major Activities and Initiatives performed by CTC in supporting this contract. Between January 1, 2000 and March 31, 2001, CTC has facilitated 10 license agreements, established 35 partnerships, provided assistance 517 times to companies, and performed 593 outreach activities including participation in 57 outreach events. CTC also assisted Goddard in executing a successful 'Technology into the Zone' program.' CTC is pleased to have performed this contract, and looks forward to continue providing their specialized services in support of the new 5 year RTTC Contract for the Northeast region.

Dunn, James P.

2001-01-01

110

The role of intellectual capital and university technology transfer offices in university-based technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study develops a theoretical model to explain the relationships among intellectual capital, research outcomes, and technology transfer (TT) performance, investigating the role of university TT offices (UTTOs) in the innovation process. The authors examined these relationships by sampling 49 Taiwanese universities within a 2-year period. It is concluded that universities with specialized UTTOs indeed promote TT performance (TTP) based

Hui-I Feng; Chia-Shen Chen; Chuan-Hung Wang; Hsueh-Chiao Chiang

2012-01-01

111

The role of intellectual capital and university technology transfer offices in university-based technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study develops a theoretical model to explain the relationships among intellectual capital, research outcomes, and technology transfer (TT) performance, investigating the role of university TT offices (UTTOs) in the innovation process. The authors examined these relationships by sampling 49 Taiwanese universities within a 2-year period. It is concluded that universities with specialized UTTOs indeed promote TT performance (TTP) based

Hui-I Feng; Chia-Shen Chen; Chuan-Hung Wang; Hsueh-Chiao Chiang

2011-01-01

112

Successful Technology Transfer in Colorado: A Portfolio of Technology Transfer "Success Stories."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The examples in this portfolio demonstrate how technology transfer among universities, businesses, and federal laboratories solve real-world problems, and create new goods and services. They reveal how, through strengthening the infrastructure joining private and public sectors, Colorado can better compete in the global marketplace. All of the…

Colorado Advanced Tech. Inst., Denver.

113

Prospect of nuclear transfer technology in mammal animals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear transfer technology has the most important value in the academic research, animal industry and the livestock production. In the present paper, the developmental status of mammals in nuclear transfer was reviewed. Also, the research region and huge research achievement were summarized. Furthermore, the application and prospect of nuclear transfer technology in relational areas are presented. The cloning is a

Yaqiong Huang; Deshun Shi

2011-01-01

114

Technology transfer -- protecting technologies during the transfer cycle (intellectual property issues)  

SciTech Connect

The success of technology transfer agreements depends not just on the technical work, but on how well the arrangements to protect and dispose of the intellectual properties that make up the technologies are handled. Pertinent issues that impact the protection and disposition of intellectual properties during the technology transfer process at Sandia National Laboratories, a multiprogram laboratory operated for the Department of Energy by the Martin Marietta Corporation, are discussed. Subjects addressed include the contracting mechanisms (including the Cooperative Research and Development Agreement [CRADA] and the Work-for-Others agreement), proprietary information, The Freedom of Information Act, patents and copyrights, the statement of work, Protected CRADA Information, licensing considerations, title to intellectual properties, march-in rights, and nondisclosure agreements.

Graham, G.G.

1993-12-31

115

A planning framework for transferring building energy technologies: Executive Summary  

SciTech Connect

Accelerating the adoption of new and existing cost-effective technologies has significant potential to reduce the energy consumed in US buildings. This report summarizes some of the key results of an interlaboratory technology transfer planning effort in support of the US Department of Energy's Office of Building Technologies (the full report is published under SERI number TP-260-3729). A guiding assumption for planning was that OBT's R D program should forge linkages with existing programs whose goals involved enhancing energy efficiency in buildings. An ad hoc Technology Transfer Advisory Group reviewed the existing analysis and technology transfer program, brainstormed technology transfer approaches, interviewed DOE program managers, identified applicable research results, and developed a framework that management could use in deciding on the best investments of technology transfer resources. Representatives of 22 organizations were interviewed on their views of the potential for transferring energy efficiency technologies through active linking with OBT. The report describes in summary these programs and interview results; outlines OBT tools, technologies, and practices to be transferred; defines OBT audiences; identifies technology transfer functions and presents a framework devised using functions and audiences; presents some example technology transfer activities; and summarizes the Advisory Group's recommendations.

Farhar, B C; Brown, M A; Mohler, B L; Wilde, M; Abel, F H

1990-08-01

116

A planning framework for transferring building energy technologies  

SciTech Connect

Accelerating the adoption of new and existing cost-effective technologies has significant potential to reduce the energy consumed in US buildings. This report presents key results of an interlaboratory technology transfer planning effort in support of the US Department of Energy's Office of Building Technologies (OBT). A guiding assumption for planning was that OBT's R D program should forge linkages with existing programs whose goals involved enhancing energy efficiency in buildings. An ad hoc Technology Transfer Advisory Group reviewed the existing analysis and technology transfer program, brainstormed technology transfer approaches, interviewed DOE program managers, identified applicable research results, and developed a framework that management could use in deciding on the best investments of technology transfer resources. Representatives of 22 organizations were interviewed on their views of the potential for transferring energy efficiency technologies through active linking with OBT. The report describes these programs and interview results; outlines OBT tools, technologies, and practices to be transferred; defines OBT audiences; identifies technology transfer functions and presents a framework devised using functions and audiences; presents some 60 example technology transfer activities; and documents the Advisory Group's recommendations. 37 refs., 3 figs., 12 tabs.

Farhar, B C; Brown, M A; Mohler, B L; Wilde, M; Abel, F H

1990-07-01

117

Gulf Coast Addiction Technology Transfer Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of Texas at Austin, the Gulf Coast Addiction Technology Transfer Center (GCATTC) is one of 14 such regional university centers in the United States. The Center's work includes creating high-quality training materials for health care professionals, convening research conferences, and providing technical assistance to state agencies and providers. On the website, visitors can learn about research projects, pilot programs for transforming mental health service delivery programs, and work on the abuse of prescription drugs. The left-hand side of the page includes sections like Grant Writing, Products, and Offender Education Programs. In the Products area, visitors can look over publications and presentations by Center staff and also view a list of resources for treatment of substance use disorders.

2012-01-01

118

Transfer of terrestrial technology for lunar mining  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The functions, operational procedures, and major items of equipment that comprise the terrestrial mining process are characterized. These data are used to synthesize a similar activity on the lunar surface. Functions, operations, and types of equipment that can be suitably transferred to lunar operation are identified. Shortfalls, enhancements, and technology development needs are described. The lunar mining process and what is required to adapt terrestrial equipment are highlighted. It is concluded that translation of terrestrial mining equipment and operational processes to perform similar functions on the lunar surface is practical. Adequate attention must be given to the harsh environment and logistical constraints of the lunar setting. By using earth-based equipment as a forcing function, near- and long-term benefits are derived (i.e., improved terrestrial mining in the near term vis-a-vis commercial production of helium-3 in the long term.

Hall, Robert A.; Green, Patricia A.

1992-01-01

119

Technology transfer at NASA - A librarian's view  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA programs, publications, and services promoting the transfer and utilization of aerospace technology developed by and for NASA are briefly surveyed. Topics addressed include the corporate sources of NASA technical information and its interest for corporate users of information services; the IAA and STAR abstract journals; NASA/RECON, NTIS, and the AIAA Aerospace Database; the RECON Space Commercialization file; the Computer Software Management and Information Center file; company information in the RECON database; and services to small businesses. Also discussed are the NASA publications Tech Briefs and Spinoff, the Industrial Applications Centers, NASA continuing bibliographies on management and patent abstracts (indexed using the NASA Thesaurus), the Index to NASA News Releases and Speeches, and the Aerospace Research Information Network (ARIN).

Buchan, Ronald L.

1991-01-01

120

Technology Transfer Center | Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA)  

Cancer.gov

SKIP ALL NAVIGATION SKIP TO SUB MENU Search Site Technology Transfer Center of the National Cancer Institute Standard Forms & Agreements Co-Development & Resources Careers & Training Intellectual Property & Inventions About TTC Overview Material Transfer

121

Systematic technology transfer from biology to engineering.  

PubMed

Solutions to problems move only very slowly between different disciplines. Transfer can be greatly speeded up with suitable abstraction and classification of problems. Russian researchers working on the TRIZ (Teoriya Resheniya Izobretatelskikh Zadatch) method for inventive problem solving have identified systematic means of transferring knowledge between different scientific and engineering disciplines. With over 1500 person years of effort behind it, TRIZ represents the biggest study of human creativity ever conducted, whose aim has been to establish a system into which all known solutions can be placed, classified in terms of function. At present, the functional classification structure covers nearly 3 000 000 of the world's successful patents and large proportions of the known physical, chemical and mathematical knowledge-base. Additional tools are the identification of factors which prevent the attainment of new technology, leading directly to a system of inventive principles which will resolve the impasse, a series of evolutionary trends of development, and to a system of methods for effecting change in a system (Su-fields). As yet, the database contains little biological knowledge despite early recognition by the instigator of TRIZ (Genrich Altshuller) that one day it should. This is illustrated by natural systems evolved for thermal stability and the maintenance of cleanliness. PMID:16210175

Vincent, Julian F V; Mann, Darrell L

2002-02-15

122

University Technology Transfer Programs: A Profit\\/Loss Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis was made of the financial profitability\\/loss of technology transfer programs in U.S. universities, hospitals, and research centers for 1995. Data were extracted from the AUTM (Association of University Technology Managers) survey and other published information. Royalty payments were compared to estimates of technology transfer office costs, patent fees, legal expenses, and new research grants. Approximately half of the

Dennis R Trune; Lewis N Goslin

1998-01-01

123

Managing internal technology transfer in complex product development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this article is to illustrate how the characteristics of complex product systems pose specific managerial challenges onto the transfer of new technology from technology development to product development. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The research relies on comparative case studies involving three cases of internal technology transfer processes in the development of electrical equipment and telecommunication systems. Findings

Thomas Magnusson; Glenn Johansson

2008-01-01

124

Geo energy research and development: technology transfer update  

SciTech Connect

Sandia Geo Energy Programs in geothermal, coal, oil and gas, and synfuel technologies have been effective in transferring research concepts to applications in private industry. This report updates the previous summary (SAND82-0211, March 1982) to include recent technology transfers and to reflect recent changes in philosophy on technology transfer. Over 40 items transferred to industry have been identified in the areas of Hardware, Risk Removal and Understanding. Successful transfer is due largely to personal interactions between Sandia engineers and the technical staffs of private industry.

Traeger, R.K.; Dugan, V.L.

1983-01-01

125

Transfer of hot dry rock technology  

SciTech Connect

The Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Energy Development Program has focused worldwide attention on the facts that natural heat in the upper part of the earth's crust is an essentially inexhaustible energy resource which is accessible almost everywhere, and that practical means now exist to extract useful heat from the hot rock and bring it to the earth's surface for beneficial use. The Hot Dry Rock Program has successfully constructed and operated a prototype hot, dry rock energy system that produced heat at the temperatures and rates required for large-scale space heating and many other direct uses of heat. The Program is now in the final stages of constructing a larger, hotter system potentially capable of satisfying the energy requirements of a small, commercial, electrical-generating power plant. To create and understand the behavior of such system, it has been necessary to develop or support the development of a wide variety of equipment, instruments, techniques, and analyses. Much of this innovative technology has already been transferred to the private sector and to other research and development programs, and more is continuously being made available as its usefulness is demonstrated. This report describes some of these developments and indicates where this new technology is being used or can be useful to industry, engineering, and science.

Smith, M.C.

1985-11-01

126

Dissemination of CERN's Technology Transfer: Added Value from Regional Transfer Agents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technologies developed at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, are disseminated via a network of external technology transfer officers. Each of CERN's 20 member states has appointed at least one technology transfer officer to help establish links with CERN. This network has been in place since 2001 and early experiences indicate…

Hofer, Franz

2005-01-01

127

Brookhaven National Laboratory technology transfer report, fiscal year 1986  

SciTech Connect

An increase in the activities of the Office of Research and Technology Applications (ORTA) is reported. Most of the additional effort has been directed to the regional electric utility initiative, but intensive efforts have been applied to the commercialization of a compact synchrotron storage ring for x-ray lithography applications. At least six laboratory technologies are reported as having been transferred or being in the process of transfer. Laboratory accelerator technology is being applied to study radiation effects, and reactor technology is being applied for designing space reactors. Technologies being transferred and emerging technologies are described. The role of the ORTA and the technology transfer process are briefly described, and application assessment records are given for a number of technologies. A mini-incubator facility is also described. (LEW)

Not Available

1986-01-01

128

Technology Transfer Educational Curriculum Plan for the State of Colorado.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recommended plan for an educational curriculum on the topic of technology transfer is outlined. A survey was conducted to determine the current levels of ability and knowledge of technology users and of transfer intermediaries. Information was collected from three sources: individuals and organizations currently presenting educational programs…

Dakin, Karl J.

129

Issues in the illegal transference of US information technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

US intellectual property (IP) is a key target of numerous other countries and individuals. Of specific interest to outsiders are technological resources. Illegally transferring information can range from the extreme of the often-glamorized international espionage to the more traditional and common gathering of competitive intelligence (CI). This paper will review the key issues in the illegal transference of information technologies

Daniel J. Morris; Lawrence P. Ettkin; Marilyn M. Helms

2000-01-01

130

Technology transfer and innovation performance: Evidence from Chinese firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the relationship between technology transfer activities and innovation performance with special reference to Chinese industrial firms. It is based on a recent nationwide survey covering 2334 Chinese industrial firms. The impact of technology transfer on their innovative performance was analyzed for all the responded firms and similar analyses also addressed the issue from perspectives of general industrial

Jian Cheng Guan; Chiu Kam Mok; Richard C. M. Yam; K. S. Chin; Kit Fai Pun

2006-01-01

131

Research and Technology Transfer Organization www.techtransfer.psu.edu  

E-print Network

Research and Technology Transfer Organization www.techtransfer.psu.edu from idea to product #12;About us Research and Technology Transfer Organization from idea to product The Penn State Research State researchers, promote the commercialization of University inventions through licensing agreements

Guiltinan, Mark

132

April 3, 2013 OHSU Office of Technology Transfer & Business Development  

E-print Network

April 3, 2013 OHSU Office of Technology Transfer & Business Development Brown Bag Series -"TTBD of Technology Transfer & Business Development (TTBD) is the place to start. Join us for a brown bag presentation. Wednesday, April 3, 2013 from 12:00 - 1:00 pm Marquam Room, Mac Hall Cafeteria Please feel free to bring

Chapman, Michael S.

133

Electrodialysis recovery of boric acid and potassium hydroxide from eluates of SWC facilities at NPP with VVER  

SciTech Connect

To extract boric acid and potassium hydroxide from regenerates of SWC-2-46 facilities, an electrodialysis-sorption process has been devised consisting of the following operations: separation of boron-alkaline regenerate solution into desorbate and wash water; filling of desalination and concentration chambers, respectively, with desorbate and was water of electrodialysis equipment; production of boric acid and potassium hydroxide from desorbate by electrodialysis; removal of chloride-ion from boric acid solution on ion-exchange filter AB-17-18. The flow-sheet was tested and boron containing alkaline regeneration solutions were recovered from Novovoronezh NPP.

Dudnik, S.N.; Virich, P.M.; Kramskikh, E.Y.; Masanov, O.L.; Turovsky, I.P. [A.A. Bochvar All Russian Scientific Research, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. of Inorganic Materials

1993-12-31

134

Effective Transfer of Industrial Energy Conservation Technologies  

E-print Network

to accept and use these new technologies at an accelerated rate. Examples of several technologies that were used by industry at an accelerated rate are described in this paper. These technologies are; textile foam finishing and dyeing, forging furnace...

Clement, M.; Vallario, R. W.

1983-01-01

135

UMBC OTD Technology Transfer Process 2010 OTD will review the technology  

E-print Network

UMBC OTD Technology Transfer Process 2010 IDF OTD will review the technology and interview licensees Technology LICENSED before provisional application expires COMMERCIALIZATION REVENUE DISTRIBUTION before expiration date of provisional application] DO NOT FILEFile utility patent application Inactivate

Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

136

Techonology transfer and technology assessmentAn approach to the age of technology management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How small and middle size corporations should be armed technologically is the important strategy under the era of technology management such as today. However, it seems difficult that small companies promote technology or new product development by their own technology and human resources. Thus they are likely to expect technology transfer much more than ever. It is pointed out that if we proceed into technology transfer, we need to have such systems that technological information is available any time, and technology transfer is assessed whether or not it is preferable. Nikkan Kogyo Industrial Research Institute has developed general-purposed technology assessment system of which major aim is to promote technology transfer, and has carried on the business of it. This paper describes thinking about technology assessment, and outlines the technology assessment system.

Hyoki, Yasuyoshi

137

Food irradiation: Technology transfer in Asia, practical experiences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nordion International Inc., in cooperation with the Thai Office of Atomic Energy for Peace (OAEP) and the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) recently completed a unique food irradiation technology transfer project in Thailand. This complete food irradiation technology transfer project included the design and construction of an automatic multipurpose irradiation facility as well as the services of construction and installation management and experts in facility operation, maintenance and training. This paper provides an insight into the many events that led to the succesful conclusion of the world's first complete food irradiation technology transfer project.

Kunstadt, Peter; Eng, P.

1993-10-01

138

The role of the Technology Application Center in the technology transfer program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The need for and use of an active technology dissemination program by the Environmental Protection Agency is elaborated. The complexities associated with arriving at an acceptable solution to an environmental problem are addressed, and the mechanisms and associated products used by the technology transfer program to transfer the latest viable technological alternatives to the potential user are explained.

Shinnick, W. A.; Grogan, N. M.

1974-01-01

139

Applications of aerospace technology in industry: A technology transfer profile, nondestructive testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of nondestructive testing procedures by NASA and the transfer of nondestructive testing to technology to civilian industry are discussed. The subjects presented are: (1) an overview of the nondestructive testing field, (2) NASA contributions to the field of nondestructive testing, (3) dissemination of NASA contributions, and (4) a transfer profile. Attachments are included which provide a brief description of common nondestructive testing methods and summarize the technology transfer reports involving NASA generated nondestructive testing technology.

1972-01-01

140

Small Business Innovation Research, Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR, STTR)  

Cancer.gov

Small businesses are an important part of the cancer research enterprise. Congress created, and recently expanded, the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs.

141

Division of the Vice President for Research and Technology Transfer  

E-print Network

for Research and Technology Transfer 405-744-6501 203 Whitehurst sheryl.tucker@okstate.edu Toni Shaklee Assistant Vice President for Sponsored Research 405-744-2361 203 Whitehurst toni.shaklee@okstate.edu Darla

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

142

The challenge of technology transfer: Buying in without selling out  

PubMed Central

Highly effective technologies flowing from the discipline of behavior analysis have not been widely adopted, thus threatening the survival of the discipline itself. An analysis of the contingencies underlying successful technology transfer suggests the need for direct, empirical involvement in the marketplace in order to insure that the maximum demonstrable benefits reach the ultimate users. A successful example of this strategy of technology transfer is provided. Three areas of intense national concern—urban violence, illiteracy, and declining industrial productivity—provide immediate opportunities for the technologies of behavior analysis to secure the place of the discipline in the intellectual mosaic of the 21st century. PMID:22478656

Pennypacker, H. S.

1986-01-01

143

Technology Transfer Center | Standard Forms & Agreements  

Cancer.gov

Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAs) are used to collaborate and develop technologies for commercialization. Research projects under a CRADA can span from basic research to clinical work.

144

48 CFR 970.2770-3 - Technology transfer and patent rights.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Technology transfer and patent rights. 970...and Copyrights 970.2770-3 Technology transfer and patent rights. The National Competitiveness Technology Transfer Act of 1989 (NCTTA)...

2010-10-01

145

48 CFR 970.2770-3 - Technology transfer and patent rights.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Technology transfer and patent rights. 970...and Copyrights 970.2770-3 Technology transfer and patent rights. The National Competitiveness Technology Transfer Act of 1989 (NCTTA)...

2011-10-01

146

48 CFR 970.2770-3 - Technology transfer and patent rights.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Technology transfer and patent rights. 970...and Copyrights 970.2770-3 Technology transfer and patent rights. The National Competitiveness Technology Transfer Act of 1989 (NCTTA)...

2012-10-01

147

48 CFR 970.2770-3 - Technology transfer and patent rights.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Technology transfer and patent rights. 970...and Copyrights 970.2770-3 Technology transfer and patent rights. The National Competitiveness Technology Transfer Act of 1989 (NCTTA)...

2013-10-01

148

Orbit transfer rocket engine technology program enhanced heat transfer combustor technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In order to increase the performance of a high performance, advanced expander-cycle engine combustor, higher chamber pressures are required. In order to increase chamber pressure, more heat energy is required to be transferred to the combustor coolant circuit fluid which drives the turbomachinery. This requirement was fulfilled by increasing the area exposed to the hot-gas by using combustor ribs. A previous technology task conducted 2-d hot air and cold flow tests to determine an optimum rib height and configuration. In task C.5 a combustor calorimeter was fabricated with the optimum rib configuration, 0.040 in. high ribs, in order to determine their enhancing capability. A secondary objective was to determine the effects of mixture ratio changers on the enhancement during hot-fire testing. The program used the Rocketdyne Integrated Component Evaluator (ICE) reconfigured into a thrust chamber only mode. The test results were extrapolated to give a projected enhancement from the ribs for a 16 in. long cylindrical combustor at 15 Klb nominal thrust level. The hot-gas wall ribs resulted in a 58 percent increase in heat transfer. When projected to a full size 15K combustor, it becomes a 46 percent increase. The results of those tests, a comparison with previous 2-d results, the effects of mixture ratio and combustion gas flow on the ribs and the potential ramifications for expander cycle combustors are detailed.

Brown, William S.

1991-01-01

149

Information Dissemination and Technology Transfer in Telecommunications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a model of scientific and technical information transfer as a framework, this document focuses on four types of activities: the generation or authorship of telecommunications information and its publication, distribution, and use. Different forms of publication are considered in each functional area, though primary emphasis is on the…

Roderer, Nancy K.; King, Donald W.

150

Technology Transfer from the University of Oxford  

E-print Network

#12;Transfer of Intellectual Property Government Assignment of intellectual property rights Research isis-innovation.com Government Charities Industry Research Services & IP Rights Management Team 72/patents/trade secrets? isis-innovation.com · What is the industry norm? Open source/patents/trade secrets? · Value

Paxton, Anthony T.

151

Technology transfer and evaluation for Space Station telerobotics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The international space station (SS) must take advantage of advanced telerobotics in order to maximize productivity and safety and to reduce maintenance costs. The Automation and Robotics Division at the NASA Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center (JSC) has designed, developed, and constructed the Automated Robotics Maintenance of Space Station (ARMSS) facility for the purpose of transferring and evaluating robotic technology that will reduce SS operation costs. Additionally, JSC had developed a process for expediting the transfer of technology from NASA research centers and evaluating these technologies in SS applications. Software and hardware system developed at the research centers and NASA sponsored universities are currently being transferred to JSC and integrated into the ARMSS for flight crew personnel testing. These technologies will be assessed relative to the SS baseline, and, after refinements, those technologies that provide significant performance improvements will be recommended as upgrades to the SS. Proximity sensors, vision algorithms, and manipulator controllers are among the systems scheduled for evaluation.

Price, Charles R.; Stokes, Lebarian; Diftler, Myron A.

1994-01-01

152

Technology transfer in pharmaceuticals. (Latest citations from the Biobusiness data base). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning technology transfer in pharmaceuticals. Topics include technology transfer in pharmaceutical research, production, and manufacture. Technology transfer using genetic engineering to develop pharmaceuticals and vaccines is described. University-to-industry technology transfer and transfer to developing nations are also discussed. (Contains a minimum of 53 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1992-10-01

153

On transferring the grid technology to the biomedical community.  

PubMed

Natural scientists such as physicists pioneered the sharing of computing resources, which resulted in the Grid. The inter domain transfer process of this technology has been an intuitive process. Some difficulties facing the life science community can be understood using the Bozeman's "Effectiveness Model of Technology Transfer". Bozeman's and classical technology transfer approaches deal with technologies that have achieved certain stability. Grid and Cloud solutions are technologies that are still in flux. We illustrate how Grid computing creates new difficulties for the technology transfer process that are not considered in Bozeman's model. We show why the success of health Grids should be measured by the qualified scientific human capital and opportunities created, and not primarily by the market impact. With two examples we show how the Grid technology transfer theory corresponds to the reality. We conclude with recommendations that can help improve the adoption of Grid solutions into the biomedical community. These results give a more concise explanation of the difficulties most life science IT projects are facing in the late funding periods, and show some leveraging steps which can help to overcome the "vale of tears". PMID:20543424

Mohammed, Yassene; Sax, Ulrich; Dickmann, Frank; Lippert, Joerg; Solodenko, Juri; von Voigt, Gabriele; Smith, Matthew; Rienhoff, Otto

2010-01-01

154

Wind power in Russia Today: Development, resources, and technology transfer  

SciTech Connect

Wind power development in Russia and technology transfer from the West are discussed from an integrated perspective, including institutional and economic conditions, technologies, geography, and technology transfer experience. Commercialization has only begun in the last few years. Domestic technology development programs for 100-kW to 1000-kW turbines and wind farm projects are described. Good wind resources exist in at least 17 regions (out of 89) in the Far East, Far North, Northwest, North Caucasus, and Lower Volga. To Russians, wind power means jobs and autonomy. Joint ventures are an important form of technology transfer because of existing idle industrial capacity with skilled workers. Equipment imports to-date have been minimal. The only example of a production joint venture so far is Windenergo in Ukraine, which has begun to produce 110-kW turbines under a Kenetech Windpower license. Barriers to technology transfer are described and appear formidable. Russia remains a combination of technology transfer perspectives for developed, developing, and former Communist countries

Martinot, E. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Perminov, E.M. [Russian National Electric Utility RAO, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1995-12-31

155

The Meaning of Technological Mastery in Relation to Transfer of Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The acquisition of technological mastery—that is, of the ability to make effective use of technological knowledge—is critical to the achievement of self-sustaining development. Transfers of technology are substitutes for local mastery rather than sources of it. Consequently, the part played by transfers of technology in the process of development, while important, is nonetheless limited. This article considers the role of

Carl J. Dahlman; Larry E. Westphal

1981-01-01

156

Aerospace technology transfer to breast cancer imaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the United States in 1996, an estimated 44,560 women died of breast cancer, and 184,300 new cases were diagnosed. Advances in space technology are now making significant improvements in the imaging technologies used in managing this important foe. The first of these spinoffs, a digital spot mammography system used to perform stereotactic fine-needle breast biopsy, uses a backside-thinned CCD

Daniel L. Winfield

1997-01-01

157

Federal laboratories: technology resources and transfer champions  

SciTech Connect

The Federal laboratories in the US employ a significant fraction of the nation's research and development resources, including technical staff, facilities and operating budgets. With a maturing base of national policy that encourages technical interchange with industry, universities and state and local governments, and with a breadth of technical areas under study, these laboratories represent a major national contingent asset - valuable yet not fully utilized. The laboratories have developed many methods of interaction with other organizations, providing a variety of ways to match needs and opportunities and to exploit any confluence of interests. The Federal Laboratory Consortium assists these laboratories in their transfer operations and helps to develop linkage opportunities. Many barriers to successful transfer are defined and surmountable.

Stark, E.E. Jr.

1984-08-01

158

Heat Transfer Enhancement: Second Generation Technology  

E-print Network

finned tube. e. Louvered tube-and-plate fin. f. Corrugated plates used in rotary regenerators [llJ. Finned Surfaces for Gases Heat exchange~ size or weight reduction may be an important objective in aeronautical and vehicular applications..." technique. a lower form drag than? tubes. This configuration prOVided in the tube-and offer potential for dry Some rotary regenerators use corrugated plate geometries such as that shown in Fig. 3f. The cor rugations provide considerable heat transfer...

Bergles, A. E.; Webb, R. L.

1984-01-01

159

technology offer Research and Transfer Support | Heinz Gdl  

E-print Network

technology offer Research and Transfer Support | Heinz Gödl Favoritenstrasse 16/E0154 | A-1040 the concept of a safe handling of a device is of prime importance. Technology The presented belay-panic function stops when low- ering rate is too fast especially suited for (children's) climbing- courses

Szmolyan, Peter

160

The Rockefeller University Office of Technology Transfer 502 Founders Hall  

E-print Network

The Rockefeller University Office of Technology Transfer 502 Founders Hall 1230 York Avenue New Disorders using Ion Channel Modulators RU 1118 Technology Summary Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) include of causative factors. Every year, about 20,000 children develop ASD in the U.S. alone. About 50% of them

de Lange, Titia

161

Techno-Nationalism and the Construction of University Technology Transfer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our historical study of Canada's main research university illuminates the overlooked influence of national identities and interests as forces shaping the institutionalization of technology transfer. Through the use of archival sources we trace the rise and influence of Canadian technological nationalism--a response to Canada's perceived…

Sá, Creso; Kretz, Andrew; Sigurdson, Kristjan

2013-01-01

162

National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA Technology Transfer Program  

E-print Network

National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA Technology Transfer Program Bringing NASA that the technologies it creates for aeronautics and space missions--including software--are turned into new products, aeronautics, structural analysis, and robotic and autonomous systems. A long line of such successful

Waliser, Duane E.

163

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER, R&D INTENSITY AND HUMAN CAPITAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines whether technology transfer, research intensity, human capital and the abilities to absorb foreign technology help explain cross-country differences in productivity growth. The data examined composes a panel of 55 sample countries including 23 OECD and 32 developing economies over the period 1970-2004. Our results show that TFP growth in both OECD and developing countries is positively affected

Jakob B. Madsen; James B. Ang

164

Applications of aerospace technology in industry, a technology transfer profile: Lubrication  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Technology transfer in the lubrication field is discussed in terms of the movement of NASA-generated lubrication technology into the private sector as affected by evolving industrial requirements. An overview of the field is presented, and NASA technical contributions to lubrication technology are described. Specific examples in which these technologies have been used in the private sector are summarized.

Kottenstette, J. P.; Freeman, J. E.; Heins, C. R.; Hildred, W. M.; Johnson, F. D.; Staskin, E. R.

1971-01-01

165

Technology transfer in the NASA Ames Advanced Life Support Division  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper summarizes a representative set of technology transfer activities which are currently underway in the Advanced Life Support Division of the Ames Research Center. Five specific NASA-funded research or technology development projects are synopsized that are resulting in transfer of technology in one or more of four main 'arenas:' (1) intra-NASA, (2) intra-Federal, (3) NASA - aerospace industry, and (4) aerospace industry - broader economy. Each project is summarized as a case history, specific issues are identified, and recommendations are formulated based on the lessons learned as a result of each project.

Connell, Kathleen; Schlater, Nelson; Bilardo, Vincent; Masson, Paul

1992-01-01

166

OAST space research and technology applications: Technology transfer successes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ultimate measure of success in the Space Research and Technology Program is the incorporation of a technology into an operational mission. Charts are presented that describe technology products which OAST has helped support that (1) have been used in a space mission, (2) have been incorporated into the baseline design of a flight system in the development phase, or (3) have been picked up by a commercial or other non-NASA user. We hope that these examples will demonstrate the value of investment in technology. Pictured on the charts are illustrations of the technology product, the mission or user which has incorporated the technology, and where appropriate, results from the mission itself.

Reck, Gregory M.

1992-01-01

167

Night vision and electro-optics technology transfer, 1972 - 1981  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this special report, 'Night Vision and Electro-Optics Technology Transfer 1972-1981,' is threefold: To illustrate, through actual case histories, the potential for exploiting a highly developed and available military technology for solving non-military problems. To provide, in a layman's language, the principles behind night vision and electro-optical devices in order that an awareness may be developed relative to the potential for adopting this technology for non-military applications. To obtain maximum dollar return from research and development investments by applying this technology to secondary applications. This includes, but is not limited to, applications by other Government agencies, state and local governments, colleges and universities, and medical organizations. It is desired that this summary of Technology Transfer activities within Night Vision and Electro-Optics Laboratory (NV/EOL) will benefit those who desire to explore one of the vast technological resources available within the Defense Department and the Federal Government.

Fulton, R. W.; Mason, G. F.

1981-09-01

168

Development of a nationwide network for technology transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The winter and spring of 1987 saw the cooperative nationwide network for technology transfer translated from concept to reality. The most obvious of the network relationships which were developed or which are anticipated are summarized. The objective was to help assure that every U.S. business which has the capacity to exploit, or the need to obtain new technology in any form, has access to the technology it needs or can use.

Fong, Louis B. C.; Brockman, Paul R.

1987-01-01

169

Technology transfer trends in Indian space programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indian space programme, whose objectives involve acceleration of economic and social development through applications of space technology, has been engaged in the development of state-of-the-art satellite systems, launch vehicles and equipment necessary for applications. Even during the early phase of evolution of this Programme, deliberate policies have been adopted by the national space agency, namely, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO),

K. R. Sridhara Murthi; T. S. Shoba

2010-01-01

170

Technology Transfer and Economic Development in Arizona.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The status of Arizona's effort to encourage the creation and expansion of high technology based on the discoveries and new knowledge developed at its research universities is discussed. The study of the University of Arizona and Arizona State University was recommended by the Arizona Board of Regents' Task Force on Excellence, Efficiency and…

Brophy, James

171

REFRIGERATION TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AT JPL\\/NASA  

Microsoft Academic Search

this report was carried out by the Jet PropulsionLaboratory, California Institute of Technology, a contract with the NationalAeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Funding for spin-off technologydevelopments has been provided by NASA, Southern California Gas Company,Corporation, and Ford Automotive,7Table 1. Mixture Replacements for R 12Mixture23456

Jack A. Jones

1995-01-01

172

februari 2008 MassMass transfer & separation technology 424302 2008transfer & separation technology 424302 2008 --APPENDIXAPPENDIX  

E-print Network

transparanciestransparancies thatthat accompanyaccompany ""MassMass Transfer inTransfer in MulticomponentMulticomponent mixturesmixtures"" by J.A.by J.A. WesselinghWesselingh & R. Krishna,& R. Krishna, DelftDelft University Press (2000 usingusing transparanciestransparancies thatthat accompanyaccompany ""MassMass Transfer in

Zevenhoven, Ron

173

Technology transfer - LSA project to industry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Program goals, procedural steps, and examples of different situations encountered in the Low-cost Solar Array (LSA) project managed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in conjunction with industrial contractors are outlined. The project is intended to result in the production-ready status of photovoltaic panels which produce power at $.70/peak W by 1986. The first phase of the program identified materials and processes which were promising for further development. Phase II served to correct steps and materials which did not work and were important to the array processing. The third phase will bring the processes to technical readiness by demonstration of successful fabrication of modules at a scale which can be increased to commercial production. An information exchange is ongoing between manufacturers and the JPL to alter specific steps which yield results which vary from those found in the laboratory when transferred to the factory.

Gallagher, B. D.

1981-01-01

174

Precise time transfer using MKIII VLBI technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is well known that Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) is capable of precise time synchronization at subnanosecond levels. This paper deals with a demonstration of clock synchronization using the MKIII VBLI system. The results are compared with clock synchronization by traveling cesium clocks and GPS. The comparison agrees within the errors of the portable clocks (+ 5 ns) and GPS(+ or - 30 ns) systems. The MKIII technology appears to be capable of clock synchronization at subnanosecond levels and appears to be very good benchmark system against which future time synchronization systems can be evaluated.

Johnston, K. J.; Buisson, J. A.; Lister, M. J.; Oaks, O. J.; Spencer, J. H.; Waltman, W. B.; Elgered, G.; Lundqvist, G.; Rogers, A. E. E.; Clark, T. A.

1984-01-01

175

MORE THAN MONEY: THE EXPONENTIAL IMPACT OF ACADEMIC TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER  

PubMed Central

Academic technology transfer in its current form began with the passage of the Bayh–Dole Act in 1980, which allowed universities to retain ownership of federally funded intellectual property. Since that time, a profession has evolved that has transformed how inventions arising in universities are treated, resulting in significant impact to US society. While there have been a number of articles highlighting benefits of technology transfer, now, more than at any other time since the Bayh–Dole Act was passed, the profession and the impacts of this groundbreaking legislation have come under intense scrutiny. This article serves as an examination of the many positive benefits and evolution, both financial and intrinsic, provided by academic invention and technology transfer, summarized in Table 1. PMID:25061505

McDevitt, Valerie Landrio; Mendez-Hinds, Joelle; Winwood, David; Nijhawan, Vinit; Sherer, Todd; Ritter, John F.; Sanberg, Paul R.

2014-01-01

176

Benchmarking the Economic Impact and Effectiveness of University Technology Transfer in Maryland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined university technology transfer in Maryland in terms of three issues: (1) the economic impact of university technology transfer; (2) a comparison of the technology transfer effort of University of Maryland System (UMS) institutions with other regional and "best practice" institutions; and (3) the technology transfer policies and…

Clinch, Richard

177

Identify the potential of technology transfer through international trade between Iran and Azerbaijan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economics and Business Sciences theorists today believe that international trade tools of the field instrument in the development of nations. Sustainable results and analysis of important international trade and global trade is technology transfer. The perspectives of technology transfer hardware and software development role in the country, Technology transfer discussion must inevitably subject to three types of technology transfer is

Mousa Rezvani Chaman Zamin; Jamshied Salehi Sadaghiani

2010-01-01

178

Two perspectives on a successful lab/industry technology transfer  

SciTech Connect

Technology transfer from government laboratories to private business is of increasing concern in today`s marketplace. Some prospective partners (on both sides) believe that technology transfer is a relatively simple process requiring little or no extra effort from the participants. In the authors experience this is not true and, in fact, positive results from a collaboration are directly proportional to the effort that both parties invest in the relationship. Communication, both between prospective partners before an agreement and between partners following the agreement, is essential. Neither technology nor marketing can stand by itself; it is the combination of the two that can produce a useful and available product. Laboratories and industries often have very different ways of looking at almost everything. Misunderstandings arising from these differences can short-circuit the transfer process or result in the production of a product that is unsalable. The authors will cover some of their experiences, potential problems, and their solutions. Examples discussed here is transfer of technology for long-range alpha detection developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory and transferred to Eberline Instrument Corporation.

MacArthur, D.W. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Ulbrich, R. [Eberline Instrument Corp., Santa Fe, NM (United States)

1995-02-01

179

Transfer of security technology from Sandia to industry  

SciTech Connect

The National Competitiveness Technology Transfer Act of 1989 made technology transfer a mission for the national laboratories. The intent is to maximize the benefit from public monies and to improve the economic position of US industry in the world marketplace. A key instrument created by this legislation is the Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between a private company and a government-owned contractor-operated R D lab. Under these provisions, the national laboratories can negotiate directly with industry, grant title to intellectual property developed in a CRADA, and withhold publication of commercially-valuable information developed in a CRADA for up to five years. Sandia National Laboratories is very proactive in the transfer of technology developed as the DOE lead laboratory for physical security R D and from work for other government agencies. Specific security-related products have frequently evolved from government user needs into initial concepts followed by research and development into field prototypes which finally have a system design package appropriate for transfer to industry. In the past year several meetings announced in the Commerce Business Daily (CBD) were held with industry to present specific systems and to initiate discussions toward establishing a GRADA and/or granting a product license. Several examples and updates will be presented to illustrate this new process for security technology transfer from Sandia to industry. 2 refs.

Williams, J.D.; Matter, J.C.

1991-01-01

180

NASA technology utilization applications. [transfer of medical sciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work is reported from September 1972 through August 1973 by the Technology Applications Group of the Science Communication Division (SCD), formerly the Biological Sciences Communication Project (BSCP) in the Department of Medical and Public Affairs of the George Washington University. The work was supportive of many aspects of the NASA Technology Utilization program but in particular those dealing with Biomedical and Technology Application Teams, Applications Engineering projects, new technology reporting and documentation and transfer activities. Of particular interest are detailed reports on the progress of various hardware projects, and suggestions and criteria for the evaluation of candidate hardware projects. Finally some observations about the future expansion of the TU program are offered.

1973-01-01

181

Technology transfer of NASA microwave remote sensing system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Viable techniques for effecting the transfer from NASA to a user agency of state-of-the-art airborne microwave remote sensing technology for oceanographic applications were studied. A detailed analysis of potential users, their needs and priorities; platform options; airborne microwave instrument candidates; ancillary instrumentation; and other, less obvious factors that must be considered were studied. Conclusions and recommendations for the development of an orderly and effective technology transfer of an airborne microwave system that could meet the specific needs of the selected user agencies are reported.

Akey, N. D.

1981-01-01

182

Technology transfer into the solid propulsion industry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper is a survey of the waste minimization efforts of industries outside of aerospace for possible applications in the manufacture of solid rocket motors (SRM) for NASA. The Redesigned Solid Rocket Motor (RSRM) manufacturing plan was used as the model for processes involved in the production of an SRM. A literature search was conducted to determine the recycling, waste minimization, and waste treatment methods used in the commercial sector that might find application in SRM production. Manufacturers, trade organizations, and professional associations were also contacted. Waste minimization efforts for current processes and replacement technologies, which might reduce the amount or severity of the wastes generated in SRM production, were investigated. An overview of the results of this effort are presented in this paper.

Campbell, Ralph L.; Thomson, Lawrence J.

1995-01-01

183

Control of Technology Transfer at JPL  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Controlled Technology: 1) Design: preliminary or critical design data, schematics, technical flow charts, SNV code/diagnostics, logic flow diagrams, wirelist, ICDs, detailed specifications or requirements. 2) Development: constraints, computations, configurations, technical analyses, acceptance criteria, anomaly resolution, detailed test plans, detailed technical proposals. 3) Production: process or how-to: assemble, operated, repair, maintain, modify. 4) Manufacturing: technical instructions, specific parts, specific materials, specific qualities, specific processes, specific flow. 5) Operations: how-to operate, contingency or standard operating plans, Ops handbooks. 6) Repair: repair instructions, troubleshooting schemes, detailed schematics. 7) Test: specific procedures, data, analysis, detailed test plan and retest plans, detailed anomaly resolutions, detailed failure causes and corrective actions, troubleshooting, trended test data, flight readiness data. 8) Maintenance: maintenance schedules and plans, methods for regular upkeep, overhaul instructions. 9) Modification: modification instructions, upgrades kit parts, including software

Oliver, Ronald

2006-01-01

184

Space technology transfer to developing countries: opportunities and difficulties  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Space technology, with its implications on science, economy and security, is mostly chosen as one of the priority areas for technological development by developing countries. Most nations aspiring to begin playing in the space league prefer technology transfer programs as a first step. Decreasing initial costs by small satellite technology made this affordable for many countries. However, there is a long way from this first step to establishment of a reliable space industry that can both survive in the long term with limited financial support from the government and meet national needs. This is especially difficult when major defense companies of industrialized countries are merging to sustain their competitiveness. The prerequisites for the success are implementation of a well-planned space program and existence of industrialization that can support basic testing and manufacturing activities and supply qualified manpower. In this study, the difficulties to be negotiated and the vicious circles to be broken for latecomers, that is, developing countries that invest on space technologies are discussed. Especially, difficulties in the technology transfer process itself, brain drain from developing countries to industrialized countries, strong competition from big space companies for domestic needs, costs of establishing and maintaining an infrastructure necessary for manufacturing and testing activities, and finally, the impact of export control will be emphasized. We will also try to address how and to what extent collaboration can solve or minimize these problems. In discussing the ideas mentioned above, lessons learned from the BILSAT Project, a technology transfer program from the UK, will be referred.

Leloglu, U. M.; Kocaoglan, E.

185

TMI-2 technology transfer progress report: Interim report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this report is to communicate the scope and key accomplishments of the TM1-2 technology transfer program; to show the relationship of various TM1-2 activities to the overall cleanup effort and to other EPRI-sponsored nuclear power programs.

Owrutsky, S.; Schwartz, F.L.

1988-05-01

186

Rocket engine heat transfer and material technology for commercial applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Liquid fueled rocket engine combustion, heat transfer, and material technology have been utilized in the design and development of compact combustion and heat exchange equipment intended for application in the commercial field. An initial application of the concepts to the design of a compact steam generator to be utilized by electrical utilities for the production of peaking power is described.

Hiltabiddle, J.; Campbell, J.

1974-01-01

187

Trade, Foreign Direct Investment, and International Technology Transfer: A Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

May 2000How much a developing country can take advantage of technology transfer from foreign direct investment depends partly on how well educated and well trained its workforce is, how much it is willing to invest in research and development, and how much protection it offers for intellectual property rights.Saggi surveys the literature on trade and foreign direct investment - especially

Kamal Saggi

1999-01-01

188

The Rockefeller University Office of Technology Transfer 502 Founders Hall  

E-print Network

The Rockefeller University Office of Technology Transfer 502 Founders Hall 1230 York Avenue New-consuming and requires five days to obtain the results. Our investigators have identified that Wip1 phage exhibits a very sensitive and rapid method to identify Bacillus anthracis Stage of Development Discovery Lead Inventors Dr

189

The Rockefeller University Office of Technology Transfer 502 Founders Hall  

E-print Network

to the development of drug addiction. It has been observed in the clinic that different individuals exhibit variedThe Rockefeller University Office of Technology Transfer 502 Founders Hall 1230 York Avenue New important roles in the clinical management of pain and the development and treatment of drug abuse

190

DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PRODUCTS FOR THE EPA EMPACT PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

A presentation was given for a National Satellite Broadcast on the development of technology transfer handbooks for the EMPACT program. These handbooks help spread the knowledge and experience developed from the EMPACT projects. Handbooks are being prepared for every fully implem...

191

The Rockefeller University Office of Technology Transfer 502 Founders Hall  

E-print Network

tracking · Environmental screening device · Medical diagnostics. Advantages · High resolution 3D microscopyThe Rockefeller University Office of Technology Transfer 502 Founders Hall 1230 York Avenue New used in remote locations or developing countries. Researchers at The Rockefeller University have

192

Technology Transfer and Vocational Teacher Training in Developing Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the vocational instructor can play a major role in assisting the transfer of technology from developed nations, there are some major hurdles involved in training vocational instructors in developing nations. Included among these are the organization of the education system, the political climate of the country, economics, practice teaching,…

Fretwell, D. H.

193

A Wafer Transfer Technology for MEMS Adaptive Optics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Adaptive optics systems require the combination of several advanced technologies such as precision optics, wavefront sensors, deformable mirrors, and lasers with high-speed control systems. The deformable mirror with a continuous membrane is a key component of these systems. This paper describes a new technique for transferring an entire wafer-level silicon membrane from one substrate to another. This technology is developed for the fabrication of a compact deformable mirror with a continuous facet. A 1 (mu)m thick silicon membrane, 100 mm in diameter, has been successfully transferred without using adhesives or polymers (i.e. wax, epoxy, or photoresist). Smaller or larger diameter membranes can also be transferred using this technique. The fabricated actuator membrane with an electrode gap of 1.5 (mu)m shows a vertical deflection of 0.37 (mu)m at 55 V.

Yang, Eui-Hyeok; Wiberg, Dean V.

2001-01-01

194

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS AND TECHNOLOGY : CONTROL OF PATHOGENS IN MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER SLUDGE  

EPA Science Inventory

This 71 - page Technology Transfer Environmental Regulations and echnology publication describes the Federal requirements promulgated in 1979 for reducing pathogens n wastewater sludge and provides guidance in determining whether individual sludge treatment andated or particular ...

195

Biomedical technology transfer: Applications of NASA science and technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The major efforts of the Stanford Biomedical Applications Team Program at the Stanford University School of Medicine for the period from October 1, 1975 to September 31, 1976 are covered. A completed EMG biotelemetry system which monitors the physiological signals of man and animals in space related research is discussed. The results of a pilot study involving lower body negative pressure testing in cardiac patients has been completed as well as the design and construction of a new leg negative pressure unit for evaluating heart patients. This technology utilizes vacuum chambers to stress the cardiovascular system during space flight. Laboratory tests of an intracranial pressure transducer, have been conducted. Extremely stable long term data using capacative pressure sensors has lead to the order of commercially manufactured monitoring systems base. Projects involving commercialization are: flexible medical electrodes, an echocardioscope, a miniature biotelemetry system, and an on-line ventricular contour detector.

1976-01-01

196

Technology transfer personnel exchange at the Boeing Company  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the exchange was to transfer Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) technology and expertise in advanced ceramic fabric composites (ACFC) to the Boeing Defense Space Group (Boeing Aerospace). Boeing Aerospace was especially interested in applying PNL-developed ACFC technology to its current and future spacecraft and space missions. Boeing has on-going independent research and development (R D) programs on advanced radiators and heat pipes, therefore, PNL research in ceramic fabric heat pipes was of particular interest to Boeing. Thus, this exchange assisted in the transfer of PNL's ACFC heat pipe technology and other, related research capabilities to private industrial application. The project was proposed as an initial step in building a long-term collaborative relationship between Boeing and PNL that may result in future Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAs) and/or other types of collaborative efforts.

Antoniak, Z.I.

1993-03-01

197

Technology transfer personnel exchange at the Boeing Company  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the exchange was to transfer Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) technology and expertise in advanced ceramic fabric composites (ACFC) to the Boeing Defense & Space Group (Boeing Aerospace). Boeing Aerospace was especially interested in applying PNL-developed ACFC technology to its current and future spacecraft and space missions. Boeing has on-going independent research and development (R&D) programs on advanced radiators and heat pipes, therefore, PNL research in ceramic fabric heat pipes was of particular interest to Boeing. Thus, this exchange assisted in the transfer of PNL`s ACFC heat pipe technology and other, related research capabilities to private industrial application. The project was proposed as an initial step in building a long-term collaborative relationship between Boeing and PNL that may result in future Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAs) and/or other types of collaborative efforts.

Antoniak, Z.I.

1993-03-01

198

NASA - Johnson Space Center: Office of Technology Transfer and Commercialization  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Johnson Technology Commercialization Center (JTCC) opened in 1993 and is located close to the Johnson Space Center. The JTCC is funded by a grant from NASA and is managed by the IC2 Institute, an international research center for the study of Innovation, Creativity and Capital (ICC) at the University of Texas at Austin. Among its credits, the IC2 Institute manages the Austin Technology Incubator (ATI), a recognized resource for the development of emerging technology companies a model for JTCC. The IC2 introduced a a laboratory-to-market approach, utilized by JTCC, which takes technology output from JSC and matches it with accomplished business and financial partners in the local community. The final transfer can be the result of either of two primary methods, "Small Business Incubator Services" and technology licensing.

1997-01-01

199

Tech transfer outreach. An informal proceedings of the first technology transfer/communications conference  

SciTech Connect

This document provides an informal summary of the conference workshop sessions. ``Tech Transfer Outreach!`` was originally designed as an opportunity for national laboratory communications and technology transfer staff to become better acquainted and to discuss matters of mutual interest. When DOE field office personnel asked if they could attend, and then when one of our keynote speakers became a participant in the discussions, the actual event grew in importance. The conference participants--the laboratories and DOE representatives from across the nation--worked to brainstorm ideas. Their objective: identify ways to cooperate for effective (and cost-effective) technology transfer outreach. Thus, this proceedings is truly a product of ten national laboratories and DOE, working together. It candidly presents the discussion of issues and the ideas generated by each working group. The issues and recommendations are a consensus of their views.

Liebetrau, S. [ed.

1992-10-01

200

Technology transfer: federal legislation that helps businesses and universities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1980, Congress enacted the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act to encourage federal laboratories to `spin off' their technology to industry, universities, and state and local governments. The law reflected Congressional concern for the economic well-being of the nation and the need for the United States to maintain its technological superiority. Almost half the nation's research is conducted in federal laboratories. Other legislation, the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982 and the National Cooperative Research Act of 1984, was followed by the Technology Transfer Act of 1986 that strengthened and consolidated policy concerning the technology transfer responsibilities of the federal labs. The law allows the labs to directly license their patents and permits the issuance of exclusive licenses. It allows the labs to enter into cooperative research and development agreements with industry, universities, and state and local governments. It institutionalized the Federal Laboratory consortium which, to that point in time, had been a formal but largely unrecognized body. Under the provisions of the law, the United States Air Force Rome Laboratory located in Rome, New York, as the Air Force lead laboratory in photonics research entered into an agreement with the Governor of the State of New York to collaborate in photonics research and development. Subsequent to that agreement, the state established the not-for-profit New York State Photonics Development Corporation in Rome to facilitate business access to Rome Laboratory's photonics research facilities and technologies. Rome Laboratory's photonics research and development program is described in this paper. The Technology Transfer Act of 1986 is summarized, and the roles and missions of the New York State Photonics Development Corporation is explained.

Oaks, Bill G.

1992-05-01

201

Technology transfer for Ukrainian milk treatment: A case study  

SciTech Connect

As a result of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident, radioactive fission products have contaminated the food chain in the Ukraine. The highest doses to humans are a result of cesium contamination in milk. The milk produced in the Ukraine contains radioactive cesium at levels up to 10 times the acceptance standards. Bradtec has developed and demonstrated technology for the US Department of Energy for the treatment of groundwater and effluent water. This technology has also been tested and demonstrated for the Ukrainian government for the purpose of treating contaminated milk. Bradtec, a small business offering specialized technologies in the field of environmental remediation and waste management, has successfully worked with a consortium of businesses, National Laboratories and DOE Headquarters staff to develop and implement a technology demonstration strategy which has led to the implementation of a series collaboration agreements with Ukrainian officials. This paper describes, in a case study approach, the path followed by Bradtec and its collaboration partners in successfully implementing a technology transfer strategy. Also presented is an update on new programs that can provide benefit to private sector companies as DOE seeks to assist the private sector in joint venture/technology transfer relationships with the NIS (New Independent States). This paper should be of interest to all businesses seeking to participate in business opportunities in the NIS.

Dunn, M.J. [Bradtec, Atlanta, GA (United States); Walker, J.S.

1994-12-31

202

Donor?funded information technology transfer projects: Evaluating the life?cycle approach in four Chinese science and technology projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) forms an increasingly important component of donor?funded development projects, yet there has been very little structured analysis of the IT transfer process. This paper presents and evaluates a structured framework for analysis of IT transfer ? the information technology transfer life?cycle ? based on a study of four Chinese technology projects. The life?cycle framework helps to structure

Erik Baark; Richard Heeks

1999-01-01

203

Exploring student engagement and transfer in technology mediated environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Exploring student engagement and transfer of mechanistic reasoning skills in computer-supported learning environments by SUPARNA SINHA Dissertation Director: Cindy Hmelo-Silver Computer-supported environments designed on learning science principles aim to provide a rich learning experience for students. Students are given opportunities to collaborate, model their understanding, have access to real-time data and engage in hypotheses testing to solve authentic problems. That is to say that affordances of technologies make it possible for students to engage in mechanistic reasoning, a complex inquiry-oriented practice (Machamer, Craver & Darden, 2000; Russ et al., 2008). However, we have limited understanding of the quality of engagement fostered in these contexts. This calls for close observations of the activity systems that the students participate in. The situative perspective focuses on analyzing interactions of individuals (students) with other people, tools and materials within activity systems (Greeno, 2006). Importantly, as the central goal of education is to provide learning experiences that are useful beyond the specific conditions of initial learning, analysis of such interactions sheds light on key experiences that lead to transfer of mechanistic reasoning skills. This is made possible, as computer-supported contexts are activity systems that bring forth trends in students' engagement. From a curriculum design perspective, observing student engagement can be a useful tool to identify features of interactions (with technological tools, peers, curriculum materials) that lead to successful learning. Therefore, the purpose of the present studies is to explore the extent to which technological affordances influence students' engagement and subsequent transfer of reasoning skills. Specifically, the goal of this research is to address the following research questions: How do learners generalize understanding of mechanistic reasoning in computer-supported learning environments?, What kinds of engagement with technological tools are needed to facilitate high quality conceptual understanding of the problem?, and How does engagement with technological affordances influence transfer of mechanistic reasoning skills?

Sinha, Suparna

204

Technology Transfer: A Case Study of Programs and Practices at NASA, DOD, DOC, and Academia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology transfer is vital to humanity. It spurs innovation, promotes commerce, and provides technology-based goods and services. Technology transfer is also highly complex and interdependent in nature. This interdependence is exemplified principally by the various technology transfer interactions between government, industry, and academia. …

Blood, John R.

2009-01-01

205

Technology transfer in agriculture. (Latest citations from the Biobusiness data base). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning technology transfer in agriculture. Topics include applications of technology transfer in aquaculture, forestry, soil maintenance, agricultural pollution, agricultural biotechnology, and control of disease and insect pests. Use of computer technology in agriculture and technology transfers to developing countries are discussed. (Contains a minimum of 178 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1992-10-01

206

Technology transfer in agriculture. (Latest citations from the Biobusiness database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning technology transfer in agriculture. Topics include applications of technology transfer in aquaculture, forestry, soil maintenance, agricultural pollution, agricultural biotechnology, and control of disease and insect pests. Use of computer technology in agriculture and technology transfers to developing countries are discussed. (Contains a minimum of 235 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

NONE

1995-02-01

207

Strategic Development, Technology Transfer, and Strategic Technology Assessment in Changing Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is now evident t hat sustainability of an organisation is affected by its capability for the utilisation and d evelopment of new technologies. This potential, as the e ngine of strategic development of organisations, is based on the quality and quantity of the transfer of technology into organisations in b oth developed and d eveloping countries. The fact t

Goel Kahen

1996-01-01

208

The uncounted benefits: Federal efforts in domestic technology transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Organized technology transfer activities conducted by the agencies of the U.S. government are described. The focus is upon agency or departmental level activity rather than the laboratory level. None of the programs on which information was collected has been assessed or evaluated individually. However, the aggregate programs of the government have been judged in terms of obvious gaps and opportunities for future improvement. An overview, descriptions of the various agency or department programs of technology transfer, a list of persons interviewed or consulted during the survey, and a bibliography of publications, reports and other material made available to the study staff are given. An extensive appendix of illustrative material collected from the various programs is also given.

Chapman, R. L.; Hirst, K.

1986-01-01

209

Future orbital transfer vehicle technology study. Volume 2: Technical report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Missions for future orbit transfer vehicles (1995-2010) are identified and the technology, operations and vehicle concepts that satisfy the transportation requirements are defined. Comparison of reusable space and ground based LO2/LH2 OTV's was made. Both vehicles used advanced space engines and aero assist capability. The SB OTV provided advantages in life cycle cost, performance and potential for improvement. Comparison of an all LO2/LH2 OTV fleet with a fleet of LO2/LH2 OTVs and electric OTV's was also made. The normal growth technology electric OTV used silicon cells with heavy shielding and argon ion thrusters. This provided a 23% advantage in total transportation cost. The impact of accelerated technology was considered in terms of improvements in performance and cost effectiveness. The accelerated technology electric vehicle used GaAs cells and annealing but did not result in the mixed fleet being any cheaper than an all LO2/LH2 OTV fleet. It is concluded that reusable LO2/LH2 OTV's can serve all general purpose cargo roles between LEO and GEO for the forseeable future. The most significant technology for the second generation vehicle would be space debris protection, on-orbit propellant storage and transfer and on-orbit maintenance capability.

Davis, E. E.

1982-05-01

210

Future orbital transfer vehicle technology study. Volume 2: Technical report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Missions for future orbit transfer vehicles (1995-2010) are identified and the technology, operations and vehicle concepts that satisfy the transportation requirements are defined. Comparison of reusable space and ground based LO2/LH2 OTV's was made. Both vehicles used advanced space engines and aero assist capability. The SB OTV provided advantages in life cycle cost, performance and potential for improvement. Comparison of an all LO2/LH2 OTV fleet with a fleet of LO2/LH2 OTVs and electric OTV's was also made. The normal growth technology electric OTV used silicon cells with heavy shielding and argon ion thrusters. This provided a 23% advantage in total transportation cost. The impact of accelerated technology was considered in terms of improvements in performance and cost effectiveness. The accelerated technology electric vehicle used GaAs cells and annealing but did not result in the mixed fleet being any cheaper than an all LO2/LH2 OTV fleet. It is concluded that reusable LO2/LH2 OTV's can serve all general purpose cargo roles between LEO and GEO for the forseeable future. The most significant technology for the second generation vehicle would be space debris protection, on-orbit propellant storage and transfer and on-orbit maintenance capability.

Davis, E. E.

1982-01-01

211

Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV) -Technology Demonstrator for Future Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the frame of the International Space Station, Europe has developed key capabilities that enable a variety of future applications. The Automated Transfer Vehicle, developed and built by Astrium under ESA contract, is not only a valuable ISS logistics vehicle, but also serves as a technology demonstrator for the future. Amongst possible future scenarios are human and robotic missions, in Low Earth Orbit (e.g. Debris Removal) as well as beyond Low Earth Orbit (e.g. Lunar Lander).

Menking, M.; Horstmann, J.-H.; Kinnersley, M.

2012-01-01

212

Research expenditures, technology transfer activity, and university licensing revenue  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we relate university licensing revenues to both university research expenditures and characteristics of the\\u000a university and the university technology transfer office. We apply the Hausman–Taylor estimator for panel data with time-invariant\\u000a explanatory variables and the Arellano–Bover dynamic panel model to unbalanced panels for the years 1991–2003 and balanced\\u000a panels for the years 1995–2003. We find conflicting evidence

Paul W. Heisey; Sarah W. Adelman

2011-01-01

213

Midcourse Space Experiment Data Certification and Technology Transfer. Supplement 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The University of Alabama in Huntsville contributes to the Technical Management of the Midcourse Space Experiment Program, to the Certification of the Level 2 data produced by the Midcourse Space Experiment's suite of in-orbit imaging radiometers, imaging spectro-radiometers and an interferometer and to the Transfer of the Midcourse Space Experiment Technology to other Government Programs. The Technical Management of the Midcourse Space Experiment Program is expected to continue through out the spacecraft's useful life time. The Transfer of Midcourse Space Experiment Technology to other government elements is expected to be on a demand basis by the United States Government and other organizations. The University, of Alabama Huntsville' contribution specifically supports the Principal Investigator's Executive Committee, the Deputy Principal Investigator for Data Certification and Technology Transfer team, the nine Ultraviolet Visible Imagers and Spectrographic Imagers (UVISI) and the Pointing and Alignment of all eleven of the science instruments. The science instruments effectively cover the 0.1 to 28 micron spectral region. The Midcourse Space Experiment spacecraft, launched April 24, 1996, is expected to have a 5 year useful lifetime. The cryogenically cooled IR sensor, SPIRIT III, performed through February, 1997 when its cryogen expired. A pre-launch, ground based calibration of the instruments provided a basis for the pre-launch certification of the Level 2 data base these instruments produce. With the spacecraft in-orbit the certification of the instrument's Level 2 data base was extended to the in-orbit environment.

Pollock, David B.

1998-01-01

214

Technology Parks, Knowledge Transfer and Innovation: the Case of Malaysia's Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Small and Medium Enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper attempts to explore the views of key ICT stakeholders on the role of technology parks in promoting innovation via knowledge transfer. Many developed and developing countries use technology parks as an instrument to promote knowledge transfer and innovation. Policy makers incor- porate this idea into public policy for science and technology. The study observes that Malaysia's technology parks

Suhaimi Mhd Sarif; Yusof Ismail

2006-01-01

215

Indirect Heat Transfer Technology For Waste Heat Recovery Can Save You Money  

E-print Network

constraints of an existing installation makes the conventional flue gas to air energy recovery technology impractical to employ. A successful alternative is the transfer of waste heat to an intermediate heat transfer fluid (i.e., DOWTHERM Heat Transfer Fluid...

Beyrau, J. A.; Bogel, N. G.; Seifert, W. F.; Wuelpern, L. E.

1984-01-01

216

Technology Maturation in Preparation for the Cryogenic Propellant Storage and Transfer (CPST) Technology Demonstration Mission (TDM)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In support of its goal to find an innovative path for human space exploration, NASA embarked on the Cryogenic Propellant Storage and Transfer (CPST) Project, a Technology Demonstration Mission (TDM) to test and validate key cryogenic capabilities and technologies required for future exploration elements, opening up the architecture for large in-space cryogenic propulsion stages and propellant depots. Recognizing that key Cryogenic Fluid Management (CFM) technologies anticipated for on-orbit (flight) demonstration would benefit from additional maturation to a readiness level appropriate for infusion into the design of the flight demonstration, the NASA Headquarters Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD) authorized funding for a one-year technology maturation phase of the CPST project. The strategy, proposed by the CPST Project Manager, focused on maturation through modeling, concept studies, and ground tests of the storage and fluid transfer of CFM technology sub-elements and components that were lower than a Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of 5. A technology maturation plan (TMP) was subsequently approved which described: the CFM technologies selected for maturation, the ground testing approach to be used, quantified success criteria of the technologies, hardware and data deliverables, and a deliverable to provide an assessment of the technology readiness after completion of the test, study or modeling activity. The specific technologies selected were grouped into five major categories: thick multilayer insulation, tank applied active thermal control, cryogenic fluid transfer, propellant gauging, and analytical tool development. Based on the success of the technology maturation efforts, the CPST project was approved to proceed to flight system development.

Meyer, Michael L.; Doherty, Michael P.; Moder, Jeffrey P.

2014-01-01

217

Experimental System Design of Wireless Power Transfer Based on Witricity Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wireless power transfer based on witricity technology is a new technology which energy can be transferred via coupled magnetic resonances in the non- radiative near-field. In order to verify its feasibility, coupled mode theory and power transfer system structure was proposed in this paper. Based on these analysis, The wireless power transfer experimental device is designed. Experimental results shows that

Yang Li; Qingxin Yang; Haiyan Chen; Xian Zhang; Zhuo Yan

2011-01-01

218

FY05 Targeted Technology Transfer to US Independents  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) was established by domestic crude oil and natural gas producers in 1994 as a national not-for-profit organization to address the increasingly urgent need to improve the technology-transfer process in the U.S. upstream petroleum industry. PTTC's technology-transfer programs enhance U.S. national security. PTTC administers the only nation-wide, comprehensive program dedicated to maximizing America's supplies of domestic oil and gas. PTTC conducts grassroots programs through 10 Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs) and two satellite offices, leveraging their preexisting connections with industry. This organizational structure helps bring researchers and academia to the table. Nationally and regionally, volunteers within a National Board and Regional Producer Advisory Groups guide efforts. The National Board meets three times per year, an important function being approving the annual plans and budgets developed by the regions and Headquarters (HQ). Between Board meetings, an active Management and Budget Committee guide HQ activity. PTTC itself undergoes a thorough financial audit each year. The PTTC's HQ staff plans and manages all aspects of the PTTC program, conducts nation-wide technology-transfer activities, and implements a comprehensive communications program. Networking, involvement in technical activities, and an active exhibit schedule are increasing PTTC's sphere of influence with both producers and the oilfield service sector. Circulation for ''PTTC Network News'', the quarterly newsletter, has risen to nearly 17,500. About 7,500 people receive an email Technology Alert on an approximate three-week frequency. Case studies in the ''Petroleum Technology Digest in World Oil'' appear monthly, as do ''Tech Connections'' columns in ''The American Oil and Gas Reporter''. As part of its oversight responsibility for the regions, the PTTC from the start has captured and reported data that document the myriad ways its programs impact industry. Of 119 workshops in FY05 where repeat attendance was reported, 59 percent of attendees on average had attended a PTTC event previously, indicating that a majority felt they were receiving enough value to come back. It also is encouraging that, after 11 years, PTTC events continue to attract new people. The form used at workshops to get participants feedback asks for a ''yes'' or ''no'' response to the question: ''Have you used any new technologies based on knowledge gained through PTTC?'' With data now available from 611 workshops, 41 percent of respondents said, ''yes'', confirming that people are applying the information they receive at PTTC workshops. PTTC in FY04 asked RLO directors, oilfield service companies and producers in 11 areas with significant technological barriers to adding new reserves to estimate the ''PTTC Impact Factor''--that is, the percentage of the total reserves added in their areas that logically could be attributed to PTTC's efforts. Of the estimated 1,266 million barrels of oil equivalent (BOE) added in the 11 areas, participants estimated that roughly 88 million BOE had been added as a result of PTTC's techtransfer efforts. PTTC's 10 regions are the primary delivery mechanism for technology transfer. Attendance at PTTC regional activities set a record in FY05, with 8,900 individuals attending 154 workshops, lunch-and-learn events, or student training and internships. When appropriate, regional workshops incorporate R&D findings from DOE-funded projects. This year HQ began a ''Microhole Technology Integration'' Initiative with DOE to more clearly present their microhole program to producers. Often events are held cooperatively with other national organizations, regional producer associations and professional society groups. This practice leverages outreach and engenders future cooperation. Of the more than 61,000 individuals PTTC has attracted to its events since its inception, more than 15,000 have attended in the past two years. Eight-eight percent of PTTC event attendees during FY05 were from industry. The numb

Donald F. Duttlinger; E. Lance Cole

2005-11-01

219

Technology transfer to small manufacturers: A literature review. Final report  

SciTech Connect

In the past 25 years, significant changes have radically altered the competitive environment for U.S. manufacturers. Advances in technology are at the root of these changes. Economic well-being in the U.S. is in part a function of the competitiveness of its manufacturing sector. And competitiveness is in part a function of product and process technology. Competitiveness and technology are appropriate targets of public policy. Small and medium-sized manufacturers are worthy of particular policy attention, for several reasons. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) employ over one-third of U.S. manufacturing workers and comprise 99 percent of all U.S. manufacturing establishments. As it is believed that the majority of SMEs are suppliers to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), it is thought that the product cost and quality of SME suppliers affect the competitiveness of buyer firms downstream. And a small core of SMEs are very productive commercializers of new technology. At present, there is a wide array of publicly funded and private market mechanisms seeking to bring technology to America`s manufacturers. The aim of the study is to review the literature to ascertain best principles and practices in technology transfer to SMEs, identify important gaps in the literature, and recommend an agenda for future research.

NONE

1995-08-01

220

Waste minimization and pollution prevention technology transfer : the Airlie House Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Airlie House Pollution Prevention Technology Transfer Projects were a series of pilot projects developed for the US Department of Energy with the intention of transferring pollution prevention technology to the private sector. The concept was to develop small technology transfer initiatives in partnership with the private sector. Argonne National Laboratory developed three projects: the microscale chemistry in education project,

R. Gatrone; J. McHenry; H. Myron; J. R. Thout

1998-01-01

221

Welcome to Ames Research Center (1987 forum on Federal technology transfer)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Ames Research Center has a long and distinguished history of technology development and transfer. Recently, in a welcoming speech to the Forum on Federal Technology Transfer, Director Ballhouse of Ames described significant technologies which have been transferred from Ames to the private sector and identifies future opportunities.

Ballhaus, William F., Jr.

1988-01-01

222

Technology crossing borders: the choice, transfer, and management of international technology flows  

SciTech Connect

The empirical work in this book examines three issues in the transfer of technology: 1) how managers, public and private, choose the kinds of technology they import or export; 2) how multinational enterprises decide on the channels through which they transfer technology and how that choice affects the recipient firm abroad; and 3) how multinational enterprises manage certain of their relationships with overseas affiliates that import, use, modify, and generate technology. This book makes no attempt to summarize all the literature in the fields on which it reports; rather, it presents a group of clearly related empirical studies that draw on a common set of concepts. On some points the studies are in agreement with the conventional literature; on others, they depart strikingly from the more commonly accepted theories.

Stobaugh, R.; Wells, L.T. Jr. (eds.)

1984-01-01

223

Technology of H-II Transfer Vehicle Rendezvous System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV), which is a Japanese unmanned cargo transfer spacecraft, will deliver supplies to the International Space Station (ISS). The first HTV will be launched in 2009 from the Tanegashima Space Center aboard an H-IIB launch vehicle with up to 6,000kg of supplies. HTV approaches to the ISS and the Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS), known as Canadarm2, will grapple the HTV and berth it to the ISS. After the supplies, the HTV will then be loaded with waste materials and then separated from the ISS by SSRMS. HTV conducts departure sequence from ISS after release from SSRMS and reentry to the atmosphere. In this paper, technology of HTV automated Guidance, Navigation and Control (GN&C) system is presented.

Kasai, Toru; Ueda, Satoshi; Uematsu, Hirohiko

224

EPA and the Federal Technology Transfer Act: Opportunity knocks  

SciTech Connect

In 1986, the Federal Technology Transfer Act (FTTA) was established to promote a closer, collaborative relationship between federal government agencies and the private sector. With the increasing need for new cost-effective technologies to prevent and control pollution, both the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and private industry are encouraged to facilitate the transfer of knowledge and technology under this Act. The FTTA removed several of the legal and institutional barriers to cooperative research that existed before the Act`s passage. Through the FTTA, the government strives to promote the movement of its products, processes, skills, and knowledge into the private sector for further development and commercialization by encouraging the exchange of technical personnel and the sharing of facilities and other resources. Collaborative efforts between industry, federal agencies, and academia are made possible through cooperative research and development agreements (CRADAs). Forty-two CRADAs and five licensing agreements have been initiated with EPA under this program. This paper provides an overview of this new and innovative program within the EPA. 1 fig., 2 tabs.

Gatchett, A.M.; Fradkin, L.; Moore, M.; Gorman, T.; Ehrlich, A. [Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States)

1990-12-31

225

Improving NASA's technology transfer process through increased screening and evaluation in the information dissemination program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The current status of NASA's technology transfer system can be improved if the technology transfer process is better understood. This understanding will only be gained if a detailed knowledge about factors generally influencing technology transfer is developed, and particularly those factors affecting technology transfer from government R and D agencies to industry. Secondary utilization of aerospace technology is made more difficult because it depends on a transfer process which crosses established organizational lines of authority and which is outside well understood patterns of technical applications. In the absence of a sound theory about technology transfer and because of the limited capability of government agencies to explore industry's needs, a team approach to screening and evaluation of NASA generated technologies is proposed which calls for NASA, and other organizations of the private and public sectors which influence the transfer of NASA generated technology, to participate in a screening and evaluation process to determine the commercial feasibility of a wide range of technical applications.

Laepple, H.

1979-01-01

226

14 CFR 1274.915 - Restrictions on sale or transfer of technology to foreign firms or institutions.  

...Restrictions on sale or transfer of technology to foreign firms or institutions...Restrictions on sale or transfer of technology to foreign firms or institutions...Restrictions on Sale or Transfer of Technology to Foreign Firms or...

2014-01-01

227

23 CFR 420.207 - What are the requirements for research, development, and technology transfer work programs?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...requirements for research, development, and technology transfer work programs? 420.207...ADMINISTRATION Research, Development and Technology Transfer Program Management § 420...requirements for research, development, and technology transfer work programs?...

2010-04-01

228

23 CFR 420.207 - What are the requirements for research, development, and technology transfer work programs?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...requirements for research, development, and technology transfer work programs? 420.207...ADMINISTRATION Research, Development and Technology Transfer Program Management § 420...requirements for research, development, and technology transfer work programs?...

2011-04-01

229

14 CFR 1274.915 - Restrictions on sale or transfer of technology to foreign firms or institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Restrictions on sale or transfer of technology to foreign firms or institutions...Restrictions on sale or transfer of technology to foreign firms or institutions...Restrictions on Sale or Transfer of Technology to Foreign Firms or...

2010-01-01

230

14 CFR 1274.915 - Restrictions on sale or transfer of technology to foreign firms or institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Restrictions on sale or transfer of technology to foreign firms or institutions...Restrictions on sale or transfer of technology to foreign firms or institutions...Restrictions on Sale or Transfer of Technology to Foreign Firms or...

2011-01-01

231

23 CFR 420.207 - What are the requirements for research, development, and technology transfer work programs?  

...requirements for research, development, and technology transfer work programs? 420.207...ADMINISTRATION Research, Development and Technology Transfer Program Management § 420...requirements for research, development, and technology transfer work programs?...

2014-04-01

232

23 CFR 420.207 - What are the requirements for research, development, and technology transfer work programs?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...requirements for research, development, and technology transfer work programs? 420.207...ADMINISTRATION Research, Development and Technology Transfer Program Management § 420...requirements for research, development, and technology transfer work programs?...

2013-04-01

233

14 CFR 1274.915 - Restrictions on sale or transfer of technology to foreign firms or institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Restrictions on sale or transfer of technology to foreign firms or institutions...Restrictions on sale or transfer of technology to foreign firms or institutions...Restrictions on Sale or Transfer of Technology to Foreign Firms or...

2013-01-01

234

23 CFR 420.207 - What are the requirements for research, development, and technology transfer work programs?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...requirements for research, development, and technology transfer work programs? 420.207...ADMINISTRATION Research, Development and Technology Transfer Program Management § 420...requirements for research, development, and technology transfer work programs?...

2012-04-01

235

Technology transfer in the DOE Three Mile Island research programs  

SciTech Connect

In a joint US government-nuclear power industry effort the Technical Information and Examination Program (TI and EP) for TMI-2 research was established because of the significance of the accident and subsequent events at the damaged nuclear plant. TI and EP research develops nuclear plant safety and accident-response information of value to the nuclear power industry. Effective technology transfer constitutes an essential part of the research programs. Several mechanisms communicate the results of TI and EP work to the diverse nuclear power industry. These mechanisms include seminars; technical reports; a widely distributed technical newsletter; journal articles, meeting papers, and presentations; videotapes; and two computer conferencing networks.

Meltzer, F.L.; Ettinger, B.A.

1982-01-01

236

Technology transfer--the rôle of venture capital.  

PubMed

In summary, let me say that the transfer of technology can be managed successfully. In the context of 3i as a whole, we have supported 1600 start-ups in the last five years although, obviously, not necessarily in high-tech industries. In 1987 3i Ventures fully expects to invest a further few million pounds in either start-ups or pre-stock market companies within the health-care and biotechnology sectors. It requires that everyone involved, including the venture capitalist, fulfils their rôle with commitment. It can be a difficult and lengthy process, but it can also be fun and very rewarding. PMID:3694655

Morgan, P W

1987-01-01

237

User Interface Technology Transfer to NASA's Virtual Wind Tunnel System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Funded by NASA grants for four years, the Brown Computer Graphics Group has developed novel 3D user interfaces for desktop and immersive scientific visualization applications. This past grant period supported the design and development of a software library, the 3D Widget Library, which supports the construction and run-time management of 3D widgets. The 3D Widget Library is a mechanism for transferring user interface technology from the Brown Graphics Group to the Virtual Wind Tunnel system at NASA Ames as well as the public domain.

vanDam, Andries

1998-01-01

238

Cast Metals Coalition Technology Transfer and Program Management Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Cast Metals Coalition (CMC) partnership program was funded to ensure that the results of the Department of Energy's (DOE) metalcasting research and development (R&D) projects are successfully deployed into industry. Specifically, the CMC program coordinated the transfer and deployment of energy saving technologies and process improvements developed under separately funded DOE programs and projects into industry. The transition of these technologies and process improvements is a critical step in the path to realizing actual energy savings. At full deployment, DOE funded metalcasting R&D results are projected to save 55% of the energy used by the industry in 1998. This closely aligns with DOE's current goal of driving a 25% reduction in industrial energy intensity by 2017. In addition to benefiting DOE, these energy savings provide metalcasters with a significant economic advantage. Deployment of already completed R&D project results and those still underway is estimated to return over 500% of the original DOE and industry investment. Energy savings estimates through December 2008 from the Energy-Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (E-SMARRT) portfolio of projects alone are 12 x 1012 BTUs, with a projection of over 50 x 1012 BTUs ten years after program completion. These energy savings and process improvements have been made possible through the unique collaborative structure of the CMC partnership. The CMC team consists of DOE's Office of Industrial Technology, the three leading metalcasting technical societies in the U.S: the American Foundry Society; the North American Die Casting Association; and the Steel Founders Society of America; and the Advanced Technology Institute (ATI), a recognized leader in distributed technology management. CMC provides collaborative leadership to a complex industry composed of approximately 2,100 companies, 80% of which employ less than 100 people, and only 4% of which employ more than 250 people. Without collaboration, new technologies enabling energy efficiencies and environment-friendly improvements are slow to develop, and have trouble obtaining a broad application. The CMC team was able to effectively and efficiently transfer the results of DOE's metalcasting R&D projects to industry by utilizing and delivering the numerous communication vehicles identified in the proposal. The three metalcasting technical associations achieved significant technology transition results under this program. In addition to reaching over 23,000 people per year through Modern Casting and 28,000 through Engineered Casting Solutions, AFS had 84 national publications and reached over 1,200 people annually through Cast Metals Institute (CMI) education courses. NADCA's education department reached over 1,000 people each year through their courses, in addition to reaching over 6,000 people annually through Die Casting Engineer, and publishing 58 papers. The SFSA also published 99 research papers and reached over 1,000 people annually through their member newsletters. In addition to these communication vehicles, the CMC team conducted numerous technical committee meetings, project reviews, and onsite visits. All of these efforts to distribute the latest metalcasting technologies contributed to the successful deployment of DOE's R&D projects into industry. The DOE/CMC partnership demonstrated significant success in the identification and review of relevant and easy-to-implement metalcasting energy-saving processes and technologies so that the results are quickly implemented and become general practice. The results achieved in this program demonstrate that sustained technology transfer efforts are a critical step in the deployment of R&D projects to industry.

Gwyn, Mike

2009-03-31

239

Applications of aerospace technology in industry, a technology transfer profile: Plastics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

New plastics technology bred out of the space program has moved steadily into the U.S. economy in a variety of organized and deliberate ways. Examples are presented of the transfer of plastics know-how into the plants and eventually the products of American business.

1971-01-01

240

An Inventor's Guide:Technology Transfer at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans Office of Technology Management  

E-print Network

1 An Inventor's Guide:Technology Transfer at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans Office of Technology Management 433 Bolivar St., Suite 827 New Orleans, LA 70112 504-568-8303 http://www.lsuhsc.edu/administration/academic/otm/ #12;2 A MESSAGE FROM THE DIRECTOR The `An Inventor's Guide: Technology Transfer at LSU Health Sciences

241

An Inventor's Guide:Technology Transfer at LSU Health Sciences Center -New Orleans Office of Technology Management  

E-print Network

1 An Inventor's Guide:Technology Transfer at LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans Office of Technology Management 433 Bolivar St., Suite 827 New Orleans, LA 70112 504-568-8303 http://www.lsuhsc.edu/administration/academic/otm/ #12;2 A MESSAGE FROM THE DIRECTOR The `An Inventor's Guide: Technology Transfer at LSU Health Sciences

242

Opportunities for the transfer of astronomical technology to medicine.  

PubMed

There are many examples of technology transfer from astronomy to medicine, for example algorithms for reconstructing X-ray CT images were first developed for processing radio astronomy images. In more recent times, X-ray detectors developed for the Hubble Space Telescope have been used in a fine-needle breast biopsy system. Software originally developed to mosaic planetary images has been incorporated into a system for detecting breast cancer. Australia has expertise in the development of instrumentation for producing radio images from an array of radio telescopes and in multi-object fibre systems for capturing the spectra of hundreds of stellar objects simultaneously. Two possible applications of these Australian technologies are suggested that may merit further exploration. A meeting between interested parties is suggested to discuss future directions and funding. PMID:18274070

Hughes, S

2007-12-01

243

Evaluation of technology transferring: The experiences of the first Navy Domestic Technology Transfair. Final report  

SciTech Connect

In August 1989 the Office of the Chief of Naval Research and the American Defense Preparedness Association conducted the first Navy Domestic Technology Transfair. The objective of the Transfair was to expose the US Navy`s years of solid experience across a broad span of technology to organizations outside of the Navy. It was an opportunity for private industry to capitalize on the Navy developed technology and this opening for industry was the primary focus of the Transfair. The event provided a unique forum to meet leading Navy scientific and engineering innovators face-to-face. Information was available concerning licensing of naval technology that was for sale to the private sector. Further, discussions covered opportunities for new cooperative research and development agreements with Navy laboratories and R&D activities. These agreements were authorized under the Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986. The Transfair program was conducted in such a manner as to allow each Navy inventor, either scientist or engineer, to present a system, piece of hardware, or licensable concept in a formal paper presentation. Then, the Navy inventors were available in two, two-hour periods in which individual discussions were conducted, with attendees pursuing specific venues of cooperative agreements as desired. This report provides specifics concerning the technologies that were made available for transfer to the private sector during the Transfair. The Transfair concept sought to add special emphasis to the opening that the 1988 Technology Transfer Act brought to the marketplace. The experience was a step in the education of the possibilities for cooperation between the government and the private sector to share technology. Of additional significance is the economic enhancement for business expansion with the application of the technology to markets beyond defense.

Not Available

1989-12-31

244

NDE activities and technology transfer at Sandia National Laboratories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NDE, Photometrics, and Optical Data Reduction Department at Sandia National Laboratories in New Mexico provides nondestructive evaluation (NDE) support for all phases of research and development at Sandia. Present facilities and personnel provide radiography, acoustic monitoring, ultrasonic scanning, computed tomography, shearography/ESPI, infrared imaging, high speed and ultra-high speed photometrics, and image processing. Although the department includes photometrics and optical data reduction as well as NDE, I will refer to the NDE department from now on for simplicity. The NDE department has worked on technology transfer to organizations inside and outside the weapons complex. This work has been performed in all the Sandia business sectors: defense programs, energy and environment, and work for others. The technology transfer has been in the form of testing for product improvement such as validation of aircraft inspection equipment, consultation such as detecting lathe bearing slip for a major machine tool manufacturer, and products such as an acoustic sand detector for the oil and gas industry.

Shurtleff, W. W.

1993-11-01

245

Technology transfer - insider protection workshop (Safeguards Evaluation Method - Insider Threat)  

SciTech Connect

The Safeguards Evaluation Method - Insider Threat, developed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, is a field-applicable tool to evaluate facility safeguards against theft or diversion of special nuclear material (SNM) by nonviolent insiders. To ensure successful transfer of this technology from the laboratory to DOE field offices and contractors, LLNL developed a three-part package. The package includes a workbook, user-friendly microcomputer software, and a three-day training program. The workbook guides an evaluation team through the Safeguards Evaluation Method and provides forms for gathering data. The microcomputer software assists in the evaluation of safeguards effectiveness. The software is designed for safeguards analysts with no previous computer experience. It runs on an IBM Personal Computer or any compatible machine. The three-day training program is called the Insider Protection Workshop. The workshop students learn how to use the workbook and the computer software to assess insider vulnerabilities and to evaluate the benefits and costs of potential improvements. These activities increase the students' appreciation of the insider threat. The workshop format is informal and interactive, employing four different instruction modes: classroom presentations, small-group sessions, a practical exercise, and ''hands-on'' analysis using microcomputers. This approach to technology transfer has been successful: over 100 safeguards planners and analysts have been trained in the method, and it is being used at facilities through the DOE complex.

Strait, R.S.; Renis, T.A.

1986-01-01

246

Pathways to Technology Transfer and Adoption: Achievements and Challenges (Mini-Tutorial)  

E-print Network

Pathways to Technology Transfer and Adoption: Achievements and Challenges (Mini-Tutorial) Dongmei transfer and adoption. This mini-tutorial presents achievements and challenges of technology transfer analytics along with software testing and analysis. This mini-tutorial highlights success stories

Xie, Tao

247

Toxic chemical disasters and the implications of Bhopal for technology transfer  

SciTech Connect

The dramatic disaster in 1984 at Bhopal, India, may be overshadowed in total impact by less immediate health effects characterized by long latency, cumulative damage, and subtle impairments. Transfer of chemical technology must be accompanied by transfer of the corresponding infratechnology, toxicology, only then can the process of technology transfer be managed with fewer risks, fewer costs, and fewer tragic surprises. 47 references.

Weiss, B.; Clarkson, T.W.

1986-01-01

248

Bus dispatching at timed transfer transit stations using bus tracking technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

A timed transfer terminal synchronizes the arrival of incoming vehicles with the departure of outgoing vehicles so as to minimize transfer delays. Most bus timed transfer terminals follow fixed schedules, and do not utilize intelligent transportation systems for vehicle tracking and control. This paper reviews technologies that enable real-time control of timed transfer. We evaluate the benefits of tracking bus

Maged Dessouky; Randolph Hall; Ali Nowroozi; Karen Mourikas

1999-01-01

249

Technology transfer for the US Department of Energy's Energy Storage Program: Volume 1, Recommendations  

SciTech Connect

Technologies developed by the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Energy Storage (STOR) Program must be converted into products, processes, or services that benefit the private sector. The process of technology transfer is the primary means of accomplishing this. The purpose of this report is to examine the technology transfer activities of the STOR Program and suggest mechanisms that might make the transfer of technologies from national laboratories and universities to the private sector more effective. A brief summary of recommendations that would improve the effectiveness of the transfer of energy storage technologies from the national laboratories to the private sector is discussed. 33 refs., 2 figs.

Bruneau, C.L.; Fassbender, L.L.

1988-10-01

250

Technology transfer package on seismic base isolation - Volume I  

SciTech Connect

This Technology Transfer Package provides some detailed information for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and its contractors about seismic base isolation. Intended users of this three-volume package are DOE Design and Safety Engineers as well as DOE Facility Managers who are responsible for reducing the effects of natural phenomena hazards (NPH), specifically earthquakes, on their facilities. The package was developed as part of DOE's efforts to study and implement techniques for protecting lives and property from the effects of natural phenomena and to support the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction. Volume I contains the proceedings of the Workshop on Seismic Base Isolation for Department of Energy Facilities held in Marina Del Rey, California, May 13-15, 1992.

NONE

1995-02-14

251

From computer images to video presentation: Enhancing technology transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With NASA placing increased emphasis on transferring technology to outside industry, NASA researchers need to evaluate many aspects of their efforts in this regard. Often it may seem like too much self-promotion to many researchers. However, industry's use of video presentations in sales, advertising, public relations and training should be considered. Today, the most typical presentation at NASA is through the use of vu-graphs (overhead transparencies) which can be effective for text or static presentations. For full blown color and sound presentations, however, the best method is videotape. In fact, it is frequently more convenient due to its portability and the availability of viewing equipment. This talk describes techniques for creating a video presentation through the use of a combined researcher and video professional team.

Beam, Sherilee F.

1994-01-01

252

Role and reality: technology transfer at Canadian universities.  

PubMed

Technology transfer offices (TTOs) play a central role in the knowledge translation and commercialization agenda of Canadian universities. Despite this presumed mandate, there is a disconnect between the expectations of government and research institutions (which view TTOs' primary role as the promotion of profitable commercialization activities) and the reality of what TTOs do. Interviews with professionals at Canadian TTOs have revealed that, at their best, TTOs support the social and academic missions of their institutions by facilitating knowledge mobilization and research relationships with other sectors, including industry; however, this does not always produce obvious or traditional commercial outputs. Thus, the existing metrics used to measure the success of TTOs do not capture this reality and, as such, realignment is needed. PMID:20598388

Bubela, Tania M; Caulfield, Timothy

2010-09-01

253

Technology transfer by means of fault tree synthesis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) attempts to model and analyze failure processes of engineering, it forms a common technique for good industrial practice. On the contrary, fault tree synthesis (FTS) refers to the methodology of constructing complex trees either from dentritic modules built ad hoc or from fault tress already used and stored in a Knowledge Base. In both cases, technology transfer takes place in a quasi-inductive mode, from partial to holistic knowledge. In this work, an algorithmic procedure, including 9 activity steps and 3 decision nodes is developed for performing effectively this transfer when the fault under investigation occurs within one of the latter stages of an industrial procedure with several stages in series. The main parts of the algorithmic procedure are: (i) the construction of a local fault tree within the corresponding production stage, where the fault has been detected, (ii) the formation of an interface made of input faults that might occur upstream, (iii) the fuzzy (to count for uncertainty) multicriteria ranking of these faults according to their significance, and (iv) the synthesis of an extended fault tree based on the construction of part (i) and on the local fault tree of the first-ranked fault in part (iii). An implementation is presented, referring to 'uneven sealing of Al anodic film', thus proving the functionality of the developed methodology.

Batzias, Dimitris F.

2012-12-01

254

Los Alamos National Laboratory technology transfer report, FY86: Progress report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Office for Industrial and International Initiatives serves as the initial point of contact for companies wishing access to the Laboratory's technology resources. The Office assists both industry and Laboratory personnel in the transfer process. Methods used to share technology include publications, site visits, meetings and conferences, exchange of personnel, collaborative research, and industrially sponsored research. The Laboratory's Technology Transfer

M. A. Sadler; N. A. Tellier; K. B. Freese

1987-01-01

255

Manufacturing process applications team (MATEAM). [technology transfer in the areas of machine tools and robots  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The transfer of NASA technology to the industrial sector is reported. Presentations to the machine tool and robot industries and direct technology transfers of the Adams Manipulator arm, a-c motor control, and the bolt tension monitor are discussed. A listing of proposed RTOP programs with strong potential is included. A detailed description of the rotor technology available to industry is given.

1979-01-01

256

Technology 2001: The Second National Technology Transfer Conference and Exposition, volume 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Proceedings of the workshop are presented. The mission of the conference was to transfer advanced technologies developed by the Federal government, its contractors, and other high-tech organizations to U.S. industries for their use in developing new or improved products and processes. Volume two presents papers on the following topics: materials science, robotics, test and measurement, advanced manufacturing, artificial intelligence, biotechnology, electronics, and software engineering.

1991-01-01

257

The Characterization of Technology Transfer as it Occurs at Ames Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is a preliminary report--more of a progress report following the first series of interviews at the Center as part of the Study on Characterization of NASA Technology Transfer. Its primary purpose is to provide a general description of the various ways in which technology transfer takes place at the Center, even whether or not it is part of the formal Technology Utilization program. To the extent possible, we have illustrated the different means of transfer.

1989-01-01

258

STUDENT PETITION FOR SUMMER TRANSFER STUDIES ILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY -CHICAGO, IL 60616  

E-print Network

STUDENT PETITION FOR SUMMER TRANSFER STUDIES ILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY - CHICAGO, IL 60616 ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________ _______________________________________ Student's Signature Date _______________________________________________________________________________ FOR OFFICE USE ONLY Petition approved___________________________ Date Petition denied

Heller, Barbara

259

Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards (OAQPS) Technology Transfer Network (TTN). User's Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards (OAQPS) Technology Transfer Network (TTN) is a network of electronic bulletin boards that provide information and technology exchange in areas related to air pollution control such as, air quality modeling,...

H. W. Rorex

1991-01-01

260

Definition of technology development missions for early space station, orbit transfer vehicle servicing, volume 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Propellant transfer, storage, and reliquefaction TDM; docking and berthing technology development mission; maintenance technology development mission; OTV/payload integration, space station interface/accommodations; combined TDM conceptual design; programmatic analysis; and TDM equipment usage are discussed.

1983-01-01

261

Moving R&D to the Marketplace, A Guidebook for Technology Transfer Managers  

SciTech Connect

This Guidebook serves as an introduction as well as a refresher for technology transfer managers. It focuses on the question: What can the Technology Transfer manager do when confronted by complex situations and events? The main functional issues addressed here concern the conduct of technology transfer in Technology Utilization programs. These R&D programs whose primary mission is to develop technologies that will be used outside of the Federal sector. Renewable energy, health care, and agricultural advances are technologies of this type. The contents of this Guidebook will be of value to managers in a variety of Federal, State, university and industry technology development and transfer programs. The general area of transferring service innovations is not covered here. The Guidebook is primarily about the development and care of hardware. This Guidebook makes no attempt to judge the value of specific technologies in meeting societal needs. Rather, it addresses the improvement of the technology transfer process itself. It does, however, include reminders that ascertainment of the social value of specific technologies is one of the important yet difficult tasks of R&D and technology transfer programs. [DJE-2005

Mock, John E.; Kenkeremath, Deepak C.; Janis, F. Timothy

1993-01-01

262

Your idea and your university: issues in academic technology transfer.  

PubMed

Research discoveries may lead to products for commercial development. A central consideration for the researcher is how involved she or he will be in the commercialization process. In some cases, a university out-licenses the intellectual property, whereas in other cases, the investigator may want to be involved in the development process and choose to start his or her own company to develop and possibly to manufacture and sell the product. Before undertaking such a challenge, however, the investigator-turned-entrepreneur must consider a variety of issues, including career goals, financial and time commitments, potential conflicts of interest and/or commitment, start-up funding, and his or her ability to run a company or step aside to allow business experts to make necessary decisions. This paper discusses some personal considerations in deciding to start a spinout company and provides information on some of the available government grants to assist you should you decide to undertake your product's commercial development. In particular, the Small Business Innovative Research and Small Business Technology Transfer programs of federal funding agencies often are the source of early funding for new biomedical companies. PMID:21245769

Smith, Charles D

2011-06-01

263

Your Idea and Your University: Issues in Academic Technology Transfer  

PubMed Central

Structured Abstract Research discoveries may lead to products for commercial development. A central consideration for the researcher is how involved s/he will be in the commercialization process. In some cases a university out-licenses the intellectual property, while in other cases the investigator may want to be involved in the development process and choose to start his or her own company to develop, and possibly to manufacture and sell the product. Before undertaking such a challenge, however, the investigator-turned-entrepreneur must consider a variety of issues, including: career goals, financial and time commitments, potential conflicts of interest and/or commitment, start-up funding, as well as his or her ability to run a company or step aside to allow business experts to make necessary decisions. This article discusses some personal considerations in deciding to start a spin-out company and provides information on some of the available government grants to assist you should you decide to undertake your product’s commercial development. In particular, the Small Business Innovative Research and Small Business Technology Transfer programs of federal funding agencies are often the source of very early funding for new biomedical companies. PMID:21245769

Smith, Charles D.

2013-01-01

264

Using CASE to Exploit Process Modeling in Technology Transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A successful business will be one that has processes in place to run that business. Creating processes, reengineering processes, and continually improving processes can be accomplished through extensive modeling. Casewise(R) Corporate Modeler(TM) CASE is a computer aided software engineering tool that will enable the Technology Transfer Department (TT) at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) to capture these abilities. After successful implementation of CASE, it could then go on to be applied in other departments at MSFC and other centers at NASA. The success of a business process is dependent upon the players working as a team and continuously improving the process. A good process fosters customer satisfaction as well as internal satisfaction in the organizational infrastructure. CASE provides a method for business process success through functions consisting of systems and processes business models; specialized diagrams; matrix management; simulation; report generation and publishing; and, linking, importing, and exporting documents and files. The software has an underlying repository or database to support these functions. The Casewise. manual informs us that dynamics modeling is a technique used in business design and analysis. Feedback is used as a tool for the end users and generates different ways of dealing with the process. Feedback on this project resulted from collection of issues through a systems analyst interface approach of interviews with process coordinators and Technical Points of Contact (TPOCs).

Renz-Olar, Cheryl

2003-01-01

265

Technology Transfer from University to Industry: Responsive and Responsible University Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of technology transfer describes four strategic technologies identified as important to California's economy (biotechnology, advanced materials, information technology, and manufacturing technology) and suggests that university policymakers not lose sight of their responsibility for directing university efforts to improve the human…

Wright, Anne

1989-01-01

266

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND PATENTS: THE IMPACT OF TRIPs ON MUSLIM COUNTRIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology is a crucial input in the industrialisation and deve lopment of countries. The dependency on foreign technology in developing countries is indica ted by an increasing trend of foreign technology transfer payments and foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows . Most of the technology required for industrial development is patented and the patents are owned by business corporations in developed

Rokiah Alavi

267

Advanced Life Support Systems: Opportunities for Technology Transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's future missions to explore the solar system will be of long-duration possibly lasting years at a time. Human life support systems will have to operate with very high reliability for these long periods with essentially no resupply from Earth. Such life support systems will make extensive use of higher plants, microorganisms, and physicochemical processes for recycling air and water, processing wastes, and producing food. Development of regenerative life support systems will be a pivotal capability for NASA's future human missions. A fully functional closed loop human life support system currently does not exist and thus represents a major technical challenge for space exploration. Technologies where all life support consumables are recycled have many potential terrestrial applications as well. Potential applications include providing human habitation in hostile environments such as the polar regions or the desert in such a way as to minimize energy expenditures and to minimize negative impacts on those often ecologically-sensitive areas. Other potential applications include production of food and ornamental crops without damaging the environment from fertilizers that contaminate water supplies; removal of trace gas contaminants from tightly sealed, energy-efficient buildings (the so-called sick building syndrome); and even the potential of gaining insight into the dynamics of the Earth's biosphere such that we can better manage our global environment. Two specific advanced life support technologies being developed by NASA, with potential terrestrial application, are the zeoponic plant growth system and the Hybrid Regenerative Water Recovery System (HRWRS). The potential applications for these candidate dual use technologies are quite different as are the mechanisms for transfer. In the case of zeoponics, a variety of commercial applications has been suggested which represent potentially lucrative markets. Also, the patented nature of this product offers opportunities for licensing to commercial entities. In the case of the HRWRS, commercial markets with broad applications have not been identified but some terrestrial applications are being explored where this approach has advantages over other methods of waste water processing. Although these potential applications do not appear to have the same broad attraction from the standpoint of rapid commercialization, they represent niches where commercialization possibilities as well as social benefits could be realized.

Fields, B.; Henninger, D.; Ming, D.; Verostko, C. E.

1994-01-01

268

Knowledge and technology transfer between universities and firms: A case study from a European University  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analysis a successful case study about knowledge and technology transfer (KTT) that can be taken into consideration by the universities wishing to improve their KTT models. Indeed, once the factors that foster the knowledge and technology transfer between universities and firms are identified, it will be possible to act accordingly in order to convert the new knowledge generated

A. M. Aguiar; A. P. Reis

2009-01-01

269

Patents, International Technology Transfer and Industrial Dependence in 19th Century Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will attempt to reflect on the processes of international technology transfer at the beginning of European industrialization. During this period, when the achievement and the spread of technical innovations were vital to the acceleration of economic growth, the more underdeveloped countries experienced an increase in technological dependency on the leading countries. In some of them, the transfer of

J. Patricio Saiz

2003-01-01

270

A New Technology Transfer Paradigm: How State Universities Can Collaborate with Industry in the USA  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In some US states, policy makers, pressed by local and regional industrial interests, are debating how to "reform" technology transfer at public universities. "Reform" in this context is generally understood to mean redirecting university technology transfer activities to increase the benefits of state-funded research to local industries.…

Renault, Catherine S.; Cope, Jeff; Dix, Molly; Hersey, Karen

2008-01-01

271

An Analysis of NASA Technology Transfer. Degree awarded by Pennsylvania State Univ.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A review of previous technology transfer metrics, recommendations, and measurements is presented within the paper. A quantitative and qualitative analysis of NASA's technology transfer efforts is performed. As a relative indicator, NASA's intellectual property performance is benchmarked against a database of over 100 universities. Successful technology transfer (commercial sales, production savings, etc.) cases were tracked backwards through their history to identify the key critical elements that lead to success. Results of this research indicate that although NASA's performance is not measured well by quantitative values (intellectual property stream data), it has a net positive impact on the private sector economy. Policy recommendations are made regarding technology transfer within the context of the documented technology transfer policies since the framing of the Constitution. In the second thrust of this study, researchers at NASA Langley Research Center were surveyed to determine their awareness of, attitude toward, and perception about technology transfer. Results indicate that although researchers believe technology transfer to be a mission of the Agency, they should not be held accountable or responsible for its performance. In addition, the researchers are not well educated about the mechanisms to perform, or policies regarding, technology transfer.

Bush, Lance B.

1996-01-01

272

Technology transfer during the ``middle game`` of the international decade for natural disaster reduction  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the urgency for and the importance of technology transfer during the remainder of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR). Eleven case histories are cited to illustrate the types of activities involving technology transfer that every nation can undertake.

Rouhban, B.M. [UNESCO, Paris (France). Div. of Earth Sciences; Hays, W.W. [Geological Survey, Reston, VA (United States)

1995-12-31

273

Technology transfer for the US Department of Energy's Energy Storage Program: Volume 2, Appendices  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the appendices to Technology Transfer Recommendations for the US Department of Energy's Storage Program (PNL-6484, Vol. 1). These appendices are a list of projects, publications, and presentations connected with the Energy Storage (STOR) program. In Volume 1, the technology transfer activities of the STOR program are examined and mechanisms for increasing the effectiveness of those activities are recommended.

Bruneau, C.L.; Fassbender, L.L.

1988-10-01

274

Economic Development through Technology Transfer: The Roles of Language and Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Economic cooperation and technology transfer have been most effective in developing countries with colonial roots. Developing countries also feel most comfortable with countries that share a common language and some cultural understanding. However, other cultural elements are often ignored in technology transfer, leading to failure of the…

Shrivastava, Lorely

275

The international transfer of medical technology--an analysis and a proposal for effective monitoring.  

PubMed

The international transfer of medical technology to the developing countries occurs at four levels--medical education, research, and missions; multinational corporate transactions; technical assistance projects sponsored by the World Health Organization; and bilateral foreign aid programs. In this article, a proposal is made for effective monitoring of international medical technology transfer through political and legal means, including a specific code of conduct for corporations engaged in medical technology transfer. The development of "intermediate health technologies" along the lines suggested by E. F. Schumacher, and the advantages of such an innovation in terms of population issues and economic development are also discussed. PMID:885657

Bader, M B

1977-01-01

276

Consumer Acceptance of Nutritionally Enhanced Genetically Modified Food: Relevance of Gene Transfer Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines consumer's willingness to consume different types of a nutritionally enhanced food product (i.e., breakfast cereal with calcium, omega fatty acids, or anti-oxidants) derived from grains genetically modified using two types of technologies: plant-to-plant gene transfer technology and animal-to plant gene transfer technology. Findings indicate a majority of the respondents are willing or somewhat willing to consume the

Benjamin M. Onyango; Rodolfo M. Nayga Jr.

2004-01-01

277

Information systems and technology transfer programs on geothermal energy and other renewable sources of energy  

SciTech Connect

In order to remain competitive it is necessary to stay informed and use the most advanced technologies available. Recent developments in communication, like the Internet and the World Wide Web, enormously facilitate worldwide data and technology transfer. A compilation of the most important sources of data on renewable energies, especially geothermal, as well as lists of relevant technology transfer programs are presented. Information on how to gain access to, and learn more about them is also given.

Lippmann, Marcelo J.; Antunez, Emilio u.

1996-01-24

278

Evaluation Of ITS Technology For Bus Timed Transfers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates dispatching rules at timed transfer transit terminals. The evaluation focuses on total passenger delay and the number of passengers missing their connections. Analytical and simulation models are developed to evaluate the benefit of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) applications. The authors conclude that the benefit of ITS for timed transfer alone does not justify the implementation of Global

Randolph Hall; Maged Dessouky; Ali Nowroozi; Ali Singh

1997-01-01

279

The productivity impact of international technology transfer in China: Empirical investigation on Chinese regions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the impact of international technology transfer through FDI and technology import on Chinese productivity by analyzing 28 Chinese province-level regions over the period 2001 to 2008. The findings show that technology import has significantly positive impact on Chinese regional productivity, while FDI has significantly negative impact.

Zhou Wei; Adel Ben Youssef

2012-01-01

280

The role of small firms in the transfer of disruptive technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transfer of technologies from government-operated research laboratories to commercial firms can be a challenging process especially for small and emerging entrepreneurial firms. Since the National Laboratories have become major creators of disruptive technologies and small firms are more apt to commercialize disruptive technologies, it is important to get small firms involved in these processes. This paper covers an innovative

Suleiman K Kassicieh; Bruce A Kirchhoff; Steven T Walsh; Paul J McWhorter

2002-01-01

281

Technologies for Lunar Surface Power Systems Power Beaming and Transfer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wireless power transmission within a given working area is required or enabling for many NASA Exploration Systems. Fields of application include robotics, habitats, autonomous rendezvous and docking, life support, EVA, and many others. In robotics applications, for example, the robots must move in the working area without being hampered by power cables and, meanwhile, obtain a continuous and constant power from a power transmitter. The development of modern technology for transmitting electric power over free space has been studied for several decades, but its use in a system has been mainly limited to low power, 1-2 Vdc output voltage at a transmission distance of few meters for which relatively less than 0.5 mW/cm2 is required (e.g., Radio frequency identification RFID). Most of the rectenna conversion efficiency research to date has concentrated in low GHz frequency range of 2.45 to 10 GHz, with some work at 35 GHz. However, for space application, atmospheric adsorbtion is irrelevant and higher frequency systems with smaller transmit and receive apertures may be appropriate. For high power, most of the work on rectennas has concentrated on optimizing the conversion efficiency of the microwave rectifier element; the highest power demonstrated was 35 kW of power over a distance of 1.5 km. The objective of this paper is to establish the manner in which a very large number of very low power microwave devices can be synchronized to provide a beam of microwaves that can be used to efficiently and safely transport a significant amount of power to a remote location where it can be converted to dc (or ac) power by a ``rectenna.'' The proposed system is based on spatial power combining of the outputs of a large number of devices synchronized by mutual injection locking. We have demonstrated at JPL that such power could be achieved by combining 25 sources in a configuration that allows for convenient steering of the resulting beam of microwaves. Retrodirective beam steering for microwave power transmission (the ability to accurately track a moving receiver) has been demonstrated at Texas A&M. It is proposed that the next step in development of this concept is a modest scale up from 25 elements to 435 followed by a further scale up using such 435 element arrays as subarrays for a still larger retrodirective system. Ultimately, transmit antenna sizes on the order of 100 meters are envisioned permitting transfer levels on the order of 30 kW to aerial vehicles up to 20 km.

Marzwell, Neville; Pogorzelski, Ronald J.; Chang, Kai; Little, Frank

2008-01-01

282

USEPA SITE PROGRAM APPROACH TO TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND REGULATORY ACCEPTANCE  

EPA Science Inventory

The SITE Program was created to meet the increased demand for innovative technologies for hazardous waste treatment. To accomplish this mission, the program seeks to advance the development, implementation and commercialization of innovative technologies for hazardous waste chara...

283

A hypertext-based Internet-assessable database for the MSFC Technology Transfer Office  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

There exists a continuing need to disseminate technical information and facilities capabilities from NASA field centers in an effort to promote the successful transfer of technologies developed with public funds to the private sector. As technology transfer is a stated NASA mission, there exists a critical need for NASA centers to document technology capabilities and disseminate this information on as wide a basis as possible. Certainly local and regional dissemination is critical, but global dissemination of scientific and engineering facilities and capabilities gives NASA centers the ability to contribute to technology transfer on a much broader scale. Additionally, information should be disseminated in a complete and rapidly available form. To accomplish this information dissemination, the unique capabilities of the Internet are being exploited. The Internet allows widescale information distribution in a rapid fashion to aid in the accomplishment of technology transfer goals established by the NASA/MSFC Technology Transfer Office. Rapid information retrieval coupled with appropriate electronic feedback, allows the scientific and technical capabilities of Marshall Space Flight Center, often unique in the world, to be explored by a large number of potential benefactors of NASA (or NASA-derived) technologies. Electronic feedback, coupled with personal contact with the MSFC Technology Transfer Office personnel, allows rapid responses to technical requests from industry and academic personnel as well as private citizens. The remainder of this report gives a brief overview of the Mosaic software and a discussion of technology transfer office and laboratory facilities data that have been made available on the Internet to promote technology transfer.

Jackson, Jeff

1994-01-01

284

Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs Phase I Solicitation FY-2006 (SBIR/STTR)  

NSF Publications Database

... Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs Phase I Solicitation FY-2006 ... Topics: Biotechnology (BT), Chemical-based Technologies (CT), and Emerging Opportunities (EO). Do ...

285

MassMass transfer andtransfer and separation technologyseparation technology  

E-print Network

; for example L/L, L/S, S/S, G/L, G/L/Sexample L/L, L/S, S/S, G/L, G/L/S ­ Improved heat transfer to walls or heat exchange surfaces ­ Improved mass transfer, especially for immiscible liquids, G/L and L is to remove or reduce non- uniformities and gradients in composition,g p temperature, particle size

Zevenhoven, Ron

286

Successful frozen blastocyst transfers after failed fresh transfers in assisted reproductive technologies patients with hydrosalpinx.  

PubMed

Untreated hydrosalpinx is known to decrease in vitro fertilization success. We report on 4 patients with hydrosalpinx for whom fresh transfers of 11 good quality embryos did not produce a pregnancy; however, frozen blastocyst transfers in natural cycles resulted in several successful pregnancies, with an implantation rate of 60% (9/15 blastocysts implanted). PMID:22285169

Sueldo, Carolina M; Milki, Amin A; Lathi, Ruth B

2012-03-01

287

Municipal wastewater-treatment technology-transfer activities of the United States Environmental Protection Agency  

SciTech Connect

Technology transfer is an important activity within the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Specific technology-transfer programs, such as the activities of the Center for Environmental Research Information, the Innovative and Alternative Technology Program, as well as the Small Community Outreach Program, are used to encourage the utilization of cost-effective municipal pollution-control technology. Case studies of three technologies, including a plant-operations diagnostic/remediation methodology, alternative sewer technologies and ultraviolet disinfection, are presented. These case studies are presented retrospectively in the context of a generalized concept of how technology flows from science to utilization which was developed in a study by Allen (1977). Additional insights from the study are presented and the information gathering characteristics of engineers and scientists, which may be useful in designing technology-transfer programs. The recognition of the need for a technology or a deficiency in current practice are important stimuli other than technology transfer for accelerating the utilization of new technology.

Convery, J.J.; Kreissl, J.F.; Venosa, A.D.; Bender, J.H.; Lussier, D.

1988-02-01

288

International technology transfer for climate change mitigation and the cases of Russia and China  

SciTech Connect

The environmental agenda for mitigating climate change through international transfers of technology is linked with a diverse literature, reviewed here within a framework that combines technological, agent/agenda, and market/transaction perspectives. Literature that bears on international technology transfer for climate change mitigation is similar in many ways for Russia and China: opportunities for energy efficiency and renewable energy, economic reform and restructuring, the difficulties enterprises face in responding to market conditions, international assistance policies, international joint ventures, market intermediation, and capacity building for market development. In both countries, capacity building means enhancing market-oriented capabilities in addition to technological capabilities. For Russia, institutional development is critical, such as new commercial legal codes and housing-sector changes beyond privatization. For China, technology policies and modernization programs significantly influence technology transfers. 234 refs., 3 tabs.

Martinot, E. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy and Resources Group] [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy and Resources Group; [Stockholm Environment Inst., Boston, MA (United States); Sinton, J.E. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy and Resources Group] [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy and Resources Group; [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). International Energy Studies Group; Haddad, B.M. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)] [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

1997-12-31

289

Closing the loop : improving technology transfer by learning from the past  

E-print Network

Technology transfer is a significant challenge within the highly regulated pharmaceutical industry. While much focus is put on the logistics and strategy of the process, less attention has been paid to how to change the ...

Witinski, Paul (Paul F.)

2010-01-01

290

The role of immigrant scientists and entrepreneurs in international technology transfer  

E-print Network

This thesis characterizes the important role of US ethnic scientists and entrepreneurs for international technology diffusion. Chapter 1 studies the transfer of tacit knowledge regarding new innovations through ethnic ...

Kerr, William Robert, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01

291

Commercial non-aerospace technology transfer program for the 2000s: Strategic analysis and implementation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report presents a strategic analysis and implementation plan for NASA's Office of Commercial Programs (OCP), Technology Transfer Division's (TTD), Technology Transfer Program. The main objectives of this study are to: (1) characterize the NASA TTD's environment and past organizational structure; (2) clearly identify current and prospective programmatic efforts; (3) determine an evolutionary view of an organizational structure which could lead to the accomplishment of NASA's future technology transfer aims; and (4) formulate a strategy and plan to improve NASA's (and other federal agencies) ability to transfer technology to the non-aerospace sectors of the U.S. economy. The planning horizon for this study extends through the remainder of the 1990s to the year 2000.

Horsham, Gary A. P.

1992-01-01

292

The transfer of disruptive technologies: Lessions learned from Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories has learned through their process of technology transfer that not all high tech transfers are alike. They are not alike by the nature of the customers involved, the process of becoming involved with these customers and finally and most importantly the very nature of the technology itself. Here they focus on technology transfer in the microsystems arena and specifically the sacrificial surface version of microsystems. They have learned and helped others learn that many MEMS applications are best realized through the use of surface micromachining (SMM). This is because SMM builds on the substantial integrated circuit industry. In this paper they review Sandia's process for transferring a disruptive MEMS technology in numerous cases.

MCBRAYER,JOHN D.

2000-04-19

293

Development of an automated research and design system for technological processes of heat and mass transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proves the necessity of developing problem-oriented automated research and design systems (ARDSs) for technological processes of heat and mass transfer. The structure, operation, and functions of ARDSs are discussed together with their software and hardware.

S. V. Mishchenko; S. V. Ponomarev

1994-01-01

294

The Rockefeller University Office of Technology Transfer 502 Founders Hall  

E-print Network

Nanoparticles RU 1048 Technology Summary The application of nanotechnology to medicine has primarily focused and environmental hazards. Our investigators have combined approaches in bioengineering with nanotechnology

295

The application test system: An approach to technology transfer. [USDA aerospace and remote sensing information requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The latest satellite and computer processing and analysis technologies were tested and evaluated in terms of their application feasibility. Technologies evaluated include those developed, tested, and evaluated by the LACIE, as well as candidate technologies developed by the research community and private industry. The implementation of the applications test system and the technology transfer experience between the LACIE and the applications test system is discussed highlighting the approach, the achievements, and the shortcomings.

Aaronson, A. C.; Buelow, K.; David, F. C.; Packard, R. L.; Ravet, F. W. (principal investigators)

1979-01-01

296

International Student Mobility: Some Consequences of a Form of Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the effects of international student mobility as a form of technology transfer. Focuses on the growth of international student exchange between the United States and developing countries, and at how foreign students can affect the transfer of skills between the United States and other countries. Concludes that such exchanges are mutually…

Heller, Peter B.

1989-01-01

297

What drives the university use of technology transfer offices? Evidence from Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last 20 years, universities have made steady progress in their efforts to foster the process of technology transfer\\u000a through collaboration with industry. The establishment of technology transfer offices (TTO) has become routine for supporting\\u000a the commercialization of academic research. However, the literature shows that there are many factors that affect the efficiency\\u000a and effectiveness of these offices. Based on

Alessandro Muscio

2010-01-01

298

Inductive High Power Transfer Technologies for Electric Vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Problems associated with "how to charge the battery pack of the electric vehicle" become more important every passing day. Most logical solution currently is the non-contact method of charge, possessing a number of advantages over standard contact methods for charging. This article focuses on methods for Inductive high power contact-less transfer of energy at relatively small distances, their advantages and disadvantages. Described is a developed Inductive Power Transfer (IPT) system for fast charging of electric vehicles with nominal power of 30 kW over 7 to 9 cm air gap.

Madzharov, Nikolay D.; Tonchev, Anton T.

2014-03-01

299

The Baltimore applications project: A new look at technology transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The history of cooperation between Goddard Space Flight Center and Baltimore City administrators in solving urban problems is summarized. NASA provided consultation and advisory services as well as technology resources and demonstrations. Research and development programs for 69 tasks are briefly described. Technology utilization for incinerator energy, data collection, Health Department problems, and solarization experiments are presented as case histories.

1977-01-01

300

Influenza vaccine production for Brazil: a classic example of successful North-South bilateral technology transfer.  

PubMed

Technology transfer is a promising approach to increase vaccine production at an affordable price in developing countries. In the case of influenza, it is imperative that developing countries acquire the technology to produce pandemic vaccines through the transfer of know-how, as this will be the only way for the majority of these countries to face the huge demand for vaccine created by influenza pandemics. Access to domestically produced influenza vaccine in such health crises is thus an important national defence strategy. However, technology transfer is not a simple undertaking. It requires a committed provider who is willing to transfer a complete production process, and not just the formulation and fill-finish parts of the process. It requires a recipient with established experience in vaccine production for human use and the ability to conduct research into new developments. In addition, the country of the recipient should preferably have sufficient financial resources to support the undertaking, and an internal market for the new vaccine. Technology transfer should create a solid partnership that results in the joint development of new competency, improvements to the product, and to further innovation. The Instituto Butantan-sanofi pasteur partnership can be seen as a model for successful technology transfer and has led to the technological independence of the Instituto Butantan in the use a strategic public health tool. PMID:21684420

Miyaki, Cosue; Meros, Mauricio; Precioso, Alexander R; Raw, Isaias

2011-07-01

301

Cryogenic Propellant Storage and Transfer (CPST) Technology Demonstration Mission (TDM)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Objectives: 1) Store cryogenic propellants in a manner that maximizes their availability for use regardless of mission duration. 2) Efficiently transfer conditioned cryogenic propellant to an engine or tank situated in a microgravity environment. 3) Accurately monitor and gauge cryogenic propellants situated in a microgravity environment.

Chojnacki, Kent

2013-01-01

302

Oil and gas technology transfer activities and potential in eight major producing states. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

In 1990, the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (the Compact) performed a study that identified the structure and deficiencies of the system by which oil and gas producers receive information about the potential of new technologies and communicate their problems and technology needs back to the research community. The conclusions of that work were that major integrated companies have significantly more and better sources of technology information than independent producers. The majors also have significantly better mechanisms for communicating problems to the research and development (R&D) community. As a consequence, the Compact recommended analyzing potential mechanisms to improve technology transfer channels for independents and to accelerate independents acceptance and use of existing and emerging technologies. Building on this work, the Compact, with a grant from the US Department Energy, has reviewed specific technology transfer organizations in each of eight major oil producing states to identify specific R&D and technology transfer organizations, characterize their existing activities, and identify potential future activities that could be performed to enhance technology transfer to oil and gas producers. The profiles were developed based on information received from organizations,follow-up interviews, site visit and conversations, and participation in their sponsored technology transfer activities. The results of this effort are reported in this volume. In addition, the Compact has also developed a framework for the development of evaluation methodologies to determine the effectiveness of technology transfer programs in performing their intended functions and in achieving desired impacts impacts in the producing community. The results of that work are provided in a separate volume.

Not Available

1993-07-01

303

The Rockefeller University Office of Technology Transfer 502 Founders Hall  

E-print Network

an intrinsic cell suicide program when they are no longer needed or have become seriously damaged. References Sandu, et al. 2010. J. Cell. Biol, 190:1039-52. Tari Suprapto, Ph.D. Assistant Director Technology

304

The Rockefeller University Office of Technology Transfer 502 Founders Hall  

E-print Network

In Staphylococcus aureus RU 267 Technology Summary Staphylococcus aureus, a major human pathogen, is responsible for the diagnostic identification of pathogenic Staphylococcus by DNA hybridization, PCR and/or immunoassays

305

Oregon Health & Science University Technology Transfer and Business Development  

E-print Network

Genetics Thiakis The DNA Repair Co. Recovexx Northwest Education Training & Assessment 2006 Acute and Business Development is responsible for assessing the commercial potential of research; marketing technologies to industry; and negotiating and managing commercilization agreements. Other activities related

Chapman, Michael S.

306

Technology Transfer Challenges for High-Assurance Software Engineering Tools  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this paper, we describe our experience with the challenges thar we are currently facing in our effort to develop advanced software verification and validation tools. We categorize these challenges into several areas: cost benefits modeling, tool usability, customer application domain, and organizational issues. We provide examples of challenges in each area and identrfj, open research issues in areas which limit our ability to transfer high-assurance software engineering tools into practice.

Koga, Dennis (Technical Monitor); Penix, John; Markosian, Lawrence Z.

2003-01-01

307

A taxonomic view of illegal transfer of technologies: A case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Illegal transfer of technology (ITT) is one of the major policy formulation, industrial management, and law enforcement issues of this decade. It includes industrial espionage, the piracy of; software, logos, and hardware designs and it overlaps with issues of terrorism and those involving weapons of mass destruction. It is of concern at corporate, national, and world-body levels. Technology herein is

Arnold Reisman

2006-01-01

308

Research and Technological Development Programs of the European Communities: Transfer of Information and Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the Commission of the European Community's policy and actions for the dissemination and exploitation of the results of its research and technological development programs. Technology transfer as a basic ingredient for innovation is discussed, and the importance of understanding intellectual property protection is stressed. (Contains seven…

Strub, Albert S.

1993-01-01

309

The impact of military technology transfer on economic growth: international evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to measure the impact of military technology transfer on economic growth for 67 selected countries during the period 2000 to 2005 through the application of the Malmquist productivity index, which is broken down into efficiency change and technical change. Our main findings are as follows. First, technology diffusion is all-pervading in half of the

Yi-Chung Hsu; Chien-Chiang Lee

2012-01-01

310

The impact of military technology transfer on economic growth: international evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to measure the impact of military technology transfer on economic growth for 67 selected countries during the period 2000 to 2005 through the application of the Malmquist productivity index, which is broken down into efficiency change and technical change. Our main findings are as follows. First, technology diffusion is all-pervading in half of the

Yi-Chung Hsu; Chien-Chiang Lee

2011-01-01

311

NASA Langley's Research and TechnologyTransfer Program in Formal Methods  

E-print Network

NASA Langley's Research and Technology­Transfer Program in Formal Methods Ricky W. Butler James L. Caldwell Victor A. Carre~no C. Michael Holloway Paul S. Miner Assessment Technology Branch NASA Langley presents an overview of NASA Lang­ ley's research program in formal methods. The ma­ jor goals of this work

Caldwell, James

312

NASA Langley's Research and Technology-Transfer Program in Formal Methods  

E-print Network

NASA Langley's Research and Technology-Transfer Program in Formal Methods Ricky W. Butler James L. Caldwell Victor A. Carre~no C. Michael Holloway Paul S. Miner Assessment Technology Branch NASA Langley presents an overview of NASA Lang- ley's research program in formal methods. The ma- jor goals of this work

Butler, Ricky W.

313

Beyond Technology Transfer: Us State Policies to Harness University Research for Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the recent history of State-level policies in the United States for knowledge-based economic development, and identifies an emerging model based on technology creation. This new model goes beyond traditional investments in technology transfer and prioritizes cutting-edge scientific research in economically relevant fields. As…

Geiger, Roger L.; Sa, Creso

2005-01-01

314

Trinity Technology Transfer News TTCCDD CCaammppuuss CCoommppaannyy ttoo llaauunncchh nneeww pprroodduucctt  

E-print Network

4 2011 alone, three of TCD's campus companies raised a total of 6.5million in venture capital from Kernal Capital, and Trimod Therapeutics Ltd raised 750,000 from, among others, Oyster TechnologyTrinity Technology Transfer News TTCCDD CCaammppuuss CCoommppaannyy ttoo llaauunncchh nneeww

O'Mahony, Donal E.

315

Technology Transfer: A Think Tank Approach to Managing Innovation in the Public Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report reviews a joint attempt of the United States Forest Service and the Naval Service to enhance the utilization of research results and the new technologies through improved effectiveness of technology transfer efforts. It consists of an introduction by J. W. Creighton and seven papers: (1) "Management for Change" by P. A. Philips…

Creighton, J. W., Ed.; And Others

316

Technology Transfer Activities of NASA/MSFC: Enhancing the Southeast Region's Production Capabilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The researcher was charged with the task of developing a simplified model to illustrate the impact of how NASA/MSFC technology transfer activities contribute to shifting outward the Southeast region's and the nation's productive capacity. The report is a background of the impact of technological growth on the nation's production possibility frontier (ppf).

Trivoli, George W.

1998-01-01

317

International Space Station LABS: Technology Activity 1 Heat Transfer: Keeping Cool in Space  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about the technology as it relates to heat transfer (conduction and convection)on the International Space Station. Learners will investigate how to build a space suit that keeps astronauts cool. This is technology activity 1 of 2 found in the ISS L.A.B.S. Educator Resource Guide.

318

NASA's Technology Transfer Program for the Early Detection of Breast Cancer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has led the development of advanced imaging sensors and image processing technologies for space science and Earth science missions. NASA considers the transfer and commercialization of such technologies a fundamental mission of the agency. Over the last two years, efforts have been focused on the application of aerospace imaging and computing to the field of diagnostic imaging, specifically to breast cancer imaging. These technology transfer efforts offer significant promise in helping in the national public health priority of the early detection of breast cancer.

Schmidt, Gregory; Frey, Mary Anne; Vernikos, Joan; Winfield, Daniel; Dalton, Bonnie P. (Technical Monitor)

1996-01-01

319

NASA technology transfer network communications and information system: TUNS user survey  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Applied Expertise surveyed the users of the deployed Technology Utilization Network System (TUNS) and surveyed prospective new users in order to gather background information for developing the Concept Document of the system that will upgrade and replace TUNS. Survey participants broadly agree that automated mechanisms for acquiring, managing, and disseminating new technology and spinoff benefits information can and should play an important role in meeting NASA technology utilization goals. However, TUNS does not meet this need for most users. The survey describes a number of systematic improvements that will make it easier to use the technology transfer mechanism, and thus expedite the collection and dissemination of technology information. The survey identified 26 suggestions for enhancing the technology transfer system and related processes.

1992-01-01

320

The name-locator guide: A new resource for technology transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A new transfer mechanism to facilitate technology transfer between aerospace technology and nonaerospace industries, was proposed with the following sequence of steps. First, the key technical problems in a given industry would be analyzed. The analysis will define the characteristics which relevant technology will have. Second, a limited list of subject terms will be developed using words familiar to those working in the industry. It is these which will be applied in subsequent steps to the NASA technology and used to locate technology relevant to a specific problem in the industry. Third, for each Required Technology Program, terms applicable to that program would be chosen from this list. Fourth, a name-locator guide would be provided to the Regional Dissemination Centers. This guide would be analogous to an index. The key words would be chosen from the special subject term list for the given industry.

Clingman, W. H.

1974-01-01

321

Challenges and opportunities for enhancing biotechnology and technology transfer in developing countries.  

PubMed

Biotechnological innovation is gaining increased recognition as an important tool for improving global health. The challenge, however, lies in defining the role of technology transfer to develop therapies for diseases prevalent in developing countries. During the past decade, a large disparity emerged between the developed and developing world in accessing affordable medicines because of the pharmaceutical industry's focus on health areas bearing greatest profits. Discussed herein are several mechanisms that provide partial solutions to this challenge. The Office of Technology Transfer of the US National Institutes of Health has increased its technology licensing pertaining to neglected diseases to partners in developing regions. Establishing partnerships through the transfer of technologies and assisting indigenous institutions build R and D capacity may positively impact policies on protection of intellectual property rights and increase multinational company investments in lesser-developed countries. This will most probably result in the development of more accessible therapies for those in need. PMID:16098701

Salicrup, Luis A; Fedorková, Lenka

2006-01-01

322

NASA Intellectual Property Negotiation Practices and their Relationship to Quantitative Measures of Technology Transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the current political climate NASA must be able to show reliable measures demonstrating successful technology transfer. The currently available quantitative data of intellectual property technology transfer efforts portray a less than successful performance. In this paper, the use of only quantitative values for measurement of technology transfer is shown to undervalue the effort. In addition, NASA's current policy in negotiating intellectual property rights results in undervalued royalty rates. NASA has maintained that it's position of providing public good precludes it from negotiating fair market value for its technology and instead has negotiated for reasonable cost in order to recover processing fees. This measurement issue is examined and recommendations made which include a new policy regarding the intellectual property rights negotiation, and two measures to supplement the intellectual property measures.

Bush, Lance B.

1997-01-01

323

Fire safety: A case study of technology transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two basic ways in which NASA-generated technology is being used by the fire safety community are described. First, improved products and systems that embody NASA technical advances are entering the marketplace. Second, NASA test data and technical information related to fire safety are being used by persons concerned with reducing the hazards of fire through improved design information and standards. The development of commercial fire safety products and systems typically requires adaptation and integration of aerospace technologies that may not have been originated for NASA fire safety applications.

Heins, C. F.

1975-01-01

324

Biomedical technical transfer. Applications of NASA science and technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Lower body negative pressure testing in cardiac patients has been completed as well as the design and construction of a new leg negative unit for evaluating heart patients. This technology is based on NASA research, using vacuum chambers to stress the cardiovascular system during space flight. Additional laboratory tests of an intracranial pressure transducer, have been conducted. Three new biomedical problems to which NASA technology is applicable are also identified. These are: a communication device for the speech impaired, the NASA development liquid-cooled garment, and miniature force transducers for heart research.

1976-01-01

325

The Air Force Manufacturing Technology (MANTECH): Technology transfer methodology as exemplified by the radar transmit/receive module program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Air Force Manufacturing Technology program is involved with the improvement of radar transmit/receive modules for use in active phased array radars for advanced fighter aircraft. Improvements in all areas of manufacture and test of these modules resulting in order of magnitude improvements in the cost of and the rate of production are addressed, as well as the ongoing transfer of this technology to the Navy.

Houpt, Tracy; Ridgely, Margaret

1991-01-01

326

Laser propulsion for orbit transfer - Laser technology issues  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Using reasonable near-term mission traffic models (1991-2000 being the assumed operational time of the system) and the most current unclassified laser and laser thruster information available, it was found that space-based laser propulsion orbit transfer vehicles (OTVs) can outperform the aerobraked chemical OTV over a 10-year life-cycle. The conservative traffic models used resulted in an optimum laser power of about 1 MW per laser. This is significantly lower than the power levels considered in other studies. Trip time was taken into account only to the extent that the system was sized to accomplish the mission schedule.

Horvath, J. C.; Frisbee, R. H.

1985-01-01

327

The Rockefeller University Office of Technology Transfer 502 Founders Hall  

E-print Network

Technology Summary Inflammatory disorders, including autoimmune diseases, are disorders involving abnormal-in-class molecule that can replace IVIG for the treatment of autoimmune diseases and other inflammatory disorders of inflammatory disorders, including autoimmune diseases. Stage of Development Discovery; the sialylation

328

The Rockefeller University Office of Technology Transfer 502 Founders Hall  

E-print Network

homologous to insulin that plays a role in the regulation of blood sugar levels and diabetes. Our scientists Growth Factor Binding Protein-2 RU # 915 Technology Summary The incidence and prevalence of diabetes has 24 million diabetics in the United States and about 5.7 million of these are undiagnosed. Diabetes

329

An Action Research on Open Knowledge and Technology Transfer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

R&D has always been considered a strategic asset of companies. Traditionally, companies that have their own R&D function are better prepared to compete in the globalized economy because they are able to produce the knowledge and technology required to advance products and services. SMEs also need to become highly innovative and competitive in order to be successful. Nevertheless, their ability to have an internal R&D function that effectively meets their innovation needs is usually very weak. Open innovation provides access to a vast amount of new ideas and technologies at lower costs than closed innovation. This paper presents an action research study being carried out at University of Minho to develop a business model and technology platform for an innovation brokering service connecting ideas and technologies being developed at Universities with the specific innovation needs of SMEs. The expected contributions of the study include the empirical investigation of the effectiveness and risks of crowdsourcing innovation when applied in the socio-economic context of a European developing country where SMEs represent 99,6% of the businesses.

Ramos, Isabel; Cardoso, Margarida; Carvalho, João Vidal; Graça, José Ismael

330

The Rockefeller University Office of Technology Transfer 502 Founders Hall  

E-print Network

skin cancer (~260,000 new cases diagnosed per year), and ovarian cancer is the leading gynecological cancer (~20,000 new cases per year) in the United States. A large proportion of breast and ovarian tumors of Various Cancers RU 824 Technology Summary Breast cancer is the most common cancer in American women after

331

The Rockefeller University Office of Technology Transfer 502 Founders Hall  

E-print Network

, endometrial cancer, prostate cancer, colon cancer, Ewing carcinoma, non-small cell lung carcinoma Advantages of Cancer RU 1101 Technology Summary The major challenges in cancer treatment are the overall lack to general cytotoxicity. To overcome these hurdles, current research in cancer biology focuses on elucidating

332

EXHIBIT OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND SUPPORT DIVISION PUBLICATIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

TTSD helps NRMRL meet its goal of providing information to the community, regulators, environmental consultants and decision makers to keep them aware of the latest advances in risk management approaches and decision options. They achieve this goal by producing technology transfe...

333

TES technology transfer in the pulp and paper industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermal energy storage (TES) is a technique whereby energy is temporarily stored in order to more uniformly balance steam generation with steam demands. The pulp and paper industry accomplishes this in an accumulator using hot water or steam as the transfer medium. An international study was conducted which showed that TES is presently more universally practiced in Scandinavian mills than in U.S. mills. However, TES offers significant benefits in energy conservation, provides an instant steam reserve to stabilize mill steam demand, prolongs power boiler life, and permits displacement of oil with potentially less expensive and more abundant alternative fuels. The capital pay back time (PBT) is two to three years with return on investment (ROI) of 30 to 50 percent. Projections indicate that installed TES system will become increasingly common in U.S. mills in the near future.

Edde, H.; Handley, J.

1982-02-01

334

Transferring building energy technologies by linking government and private-sector programs  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy's Office of Building Technologies (OBT) may wish to use existing networks and infrastructures wherever possible to transfer energy-efficiency technologies for buildings. The advantages of relying on already existing networks are numerous. These networks have in place mechanisms for reaching audiences interested in energy-efficiency technologies in buildings. Because staffs in trade and professional organizations and in state and local programs have responsibilities for brokering information for their members or client organizations, they are open to opportunities to improve their performance in information transfer. OBT, as an entity with primarily R D functions, is, by cooperating with other programs, spared the necessity of developing an extensive technology transfer program of its own, thus reinventing the wheel.'' Instead, OBT can minimize its investment in technology transfer by relying extensively on programs and networks already in place. OBT can work carefully with staff in other organizations to support and facilitate their efforts at information transfer and getting energy-efficiency tools and technologies into actual use. Consequently, representatives of some 22 programs and organizations were contacted, and face-to-face conversations held, to explore what the potential might be for transferring technology by linking with OBT. The briefs included in this document were derived from the discussions, the newly published Directory of Energy Efficiency Information Services for the Residential and Commercial Sectors, and other sources provided by respondents. Each brief has been sent to persons contacted for their review and comment one or more times, and each has been revised to reflect the review comments.

Farhar, B.C.

1990-07-01

335

Cryogenic Propellant Storage and Transfer (CPST) Technology Maturation: Establishing a Foundation for a Technology Demonstration Mission (TDM)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As part of U.S. National Space Policy, NASA is seeking an innovative path for human space exploration, which strengthens the capability to extend human and robotic presence throughout the solar system. NASA is laying the groundwork to enable humans to safely reach multiple potential destinations, including asteroids, Lagrange points, the Moon and Mars. In support of this, NASA is embarking on the Technology Demonstration Mission Cryogenic Propellant Storage and Transfer (TDM CPST) Project to test and validate key cryogenic capabilities and technologies required for future exploration elements, opening up the architecture for large cryogenic propulsion stages (CPS) and propellant depots. The TDM CPST project will provide an on-orbit demonstration of the capability to store, transfer, and measure cryogenic propellants for a duration which is relevant to enable long term human space exploration missions beyond low Earth orbit (LEO). Recognizing that key cryogenic fluid management technologies anticipated for on-orbit (flight) demonstration needed to be matured to a readiness level appropriate for infusion into the design of the flight demonstration, the NASA Headquarters Space Technology Mission Directorate authorized funding for a one-year (FY12) ground based technology maturation program. The strategy, proposed by the CPST Project Manager, focused on maturation through modeling, studies, and ground tests of the storage and fluid transfer Cryogenic Fluid Management (CFM) technology sub-elements and components that were not already at a Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of 5. A technology maturation plan (TMP) was subsequently approved which described: the CFM technologies selected for maturation, the ground testing approach to be used, quantified success criteria of the technologies, hardware and data deliverables, and a deliverable to provide an assessment of the technology readiness after completion of the test, study or modeling activity. This paper will present the testing, studies, and modeling that occurred in FY12 to mature cryogenic fluid management technologies for propellant storage, transfer, and supply, to examine extensibility to full scale, long duration missions, and to develop and validate analytical models. Finally, the paper will briefly describe an upcoming test to demonstrate Liquid Oxygen (LO2) Zero Boil- Off (ZBO).

Doherty, Michael P.; Meyer, Michael L.; Motil, Susan M.; Ginty, Carol A.

2013-01-01

336

Measures of technology transfer effectiveness: key dimensions and differences in their use by sponsors, developers and adopters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Federally funded R&D has been viewed as a key source of advanced technologies that, if successfully transferred to the private sector, could help rebuild America's global competitiveness. The growing perception that the nation is not getting an adequate return from its federal R&D budget is accompanied by a growing demand for more measurable technology transfer results. Yet measures of technology

Mary S. Spann; M. Adams; W. E. Souder

1995-01-01

337

Gene Therapy: The Potential Applicability of Gene Transfer Technology to the Human Germline  

PubMed Central

The theoretical possibility of applying gene transfer methodologies to the human germline is explored. Transgenic methods for genetically manipulating embryos may in principle be applied to humans. In particular, microinjection of retroviral vector appears to hold the greatest promise, with transgenic primates already obtained from this approach. Sperm-mediated gene transfer offers potentially the easiest route to the human germline, however the requisite methodology is presently underdeveloped. Nuclear transfer (cloning) offers an alternative approach to germline genetic modification, however there are major health concerns associated with current nuclear transfer methods. It is concluded that human germline gene therapy remains for all practical purposes a future possibility that must await significant and important advances in gene transfer technology. PMID:15912200

2004-01-01

338

Incorporating the Delphi Technique to investigate renewable energy technology transfer in Saudi Arabia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Saudi Arabia is a major oil-producing nation facing a rapidly-growing population, high unemployment, climate change, and the depletion of its natural resources, potentially including its oil supply. Technology transfer is regarded as a means to diversify countries' economies beyond their natural resources. This dissertation examined the opportunities and barriers to utilizing technology transfer successfully to build renewable energy resources in Saudi Arabia to diversify the economy beyond oil production. Examples of other developing countries that have successfully used technology transfer to transform their economies are explored, including Japan, Malayasia, and the United Arab Emirates. Brazil is presented as a detailed case study to illustrate its transition to an economy based to a much greater degree than before on renewable energy. Following a pilot study, the Delphi Method was used in this research to gather the opinions of a panel of technology transfer experts consisting of 10 heterogeneous members of different institutions in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, including aviation, telecommunication, oil industry, education, health systems, and military and governmental organizations. In three rounds of questioning, the experts identified Education, Dependence on Oil, and Manpower as the 3 most significant factors influencing the potential for success of renewable energy technology transfer for Saudi Arabia. Political factors were also rated toward the "Very Important" end of a Likert scale and were discussed as they impact Education, Oil Dependence, and Manpower. The experts' opinions are presented and interpreted. They form the basis for recommended future research and discussion of how in light of its political system and its dependence on oil, Saudi Arabia can realistically move forward on renewable energy technology transfer and secure its economic future.

Al-Otaibi, Nasir K.

339

A program for the transfer of manufacturing technology from the national laboratories  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to test a needs-driven approach to transfer of manufacturing technology from the National Laboratories. The first task was the development of a 250-page book, describing the durable goods industry and its technological needs. This book was used in three engagements with DOE labs, in which researchers were briefed on needs, and asked to nominate technologies to meet these needs. Of 47 nominations, approximately one-third were technologies that has not been recognized as having value, and were not listed on the Laboratory's data base. After several evaluation steps, commercialization planning is underway for six, and one is being considered for prototype development.

Shackson, R.H.

1992-03-01

340

NASA Langley Research and Technology-Transfer Program in Formal Methods  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents an overview of NASA Langley research program in formal methods. The major goals of this work are to make formal methods practical for use on life critical systems, and to orchestrate the transfer of this technology to U.S. industry through use of carefully designed demonstration projects. Several direct technology transfer efforts have been initiated that apply formal methods to critical subsystems of real aerospace computer systems. The research team consists of five NASA civil servants and contractors from Odyssey Research Associates, SRI International, and VIGYAN Inc.

Butler, Ricky W.; Caldwell, James L.; Carreno, Victor A.; Holloway, C. Michael; Miner, Paul S.; DiVito, Ben L.

1995-01-01

341

From Becquerel to Nanotechnology:. One Century of Decline of Scientific Dissemination, Publishing and Technology Transfer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

2008 marks the 100th anniversary of Henri Becquerel's death, the discoverer of radioactivity and a leading contributor to the birth of modern physics. In addition to well-deserved celebrations, this offers a chance for a sobering look at scientific dissemination then and now and at the evolution of technology transfer. The facts are shocking: both dissemination and technology transfer were much faster and effective at the time of Becquerel, in spite of all the new communication techniques. I briefly speculate on the causes of these dismal failures, arguing that they are primarily rooted in society, academic management and industrial management — and therefore very difficult to reverse.

Margaritondo, G.

342

Technology transfer of operator-in-the-loop simulation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The technology developed for operator-in-the-loop simulation in space teleoperation has been applied to Caterpillar's backhoe, wheel loader, and off-highway truck. On an SGI workstation, the simulation integrates computer modeling of kinematics and dynamics, real-time computational and visualization, and an interface with the operator through the operator's console. The console is interfaced with the workstation through an IBM-PC in which the operator's commands were digitized and sent through an RS-232 serial port. The simulation gave visual feedback adequate for the operator in the loop, with the camera's field of vision projected on a large screen in multiple view windows. The view control can emulate either stationary or moving cameras. This simulator created an innovative engineering design environment by integrating computer software and hardware with the human operator's interactions. The backhoe simulation has been adopted by Caterpillar in building a virtual reality tool for backhoe design.

Yae, K. H.; Lin, H. C.; Lin, T. C.; Frisch, H. P.

1994-01-01

343

The 1973 GSFC battery workshop, second day. [technology transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Technological progress in the development, testing, and manufacturing of nickel-cadmium battery cells as well as hydrogen cells is presented. The following major topics were discussed: (1) carbonate analysis; (2) nickel-cadmium memory effect; (3) use of batteries in an automatic acquisition and control system; (4) accelerated testing; (5) formulation of a mathematical odel for a nickel-cadmium cell; (6) development of a light weight nickel-cadmium battery capable of delivering 20 watt hours per pound; (7) magnetic testing of nickel-cadmium cells; (8) design and performance characteristics of nickel-hydrogen and silver-hydrogen cells; and (9) development of a semiprismatic cell design. For Vol. 1, see N75-15152.

1973-01-01

344

Some ethical issues in technology transfer and applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Health care systems all around the world are struggling to provide care in an era of limited resources. In an article entitled, 'Straight Talk About Rationing,' Arthur Kaplan reviews the work of the Swedish Commission designed to prioritize health care for that country. The commission identified three core principles that they felt should underlie decisions about priorities for health care. Those principles were (1) all human beings are equally valuable; (2) society must pay special attention to the needs of the weakest and most vulnerable; and (3) all other things being equal, cost efficiency in gaining the greatest return for the amount of money spent must prevail. These are three extremely useful principles which can be helpful to us as we consider many of the issues confronted in this country about the allocation of resources for health. I would like to consider three major issues. The first issue is the current evolving nature of health care and the ethical dilemmas that exist in the present system. In balancing increased access to care with decreasing cost, particularly in managed care, all of us are concerned about ethical issues. I would like to emphasize that the current system -- the system that we have lived with and is changing -- has inherent in it a series of ethical dilemmas. Secondly, I would like to consider issues related to productivity and its measurement in relation to technology. This relates to the third item in the Swedish Commission, which is the principle that we ought to spend money in the most cost-efficient way. Finally, I would like to discuss the dilemma of decision making about health and how that impacts upon the ethics of health care in the application of technology.

Shine, Kenneth I.

1995-10-01

345

Waste disposal technology transfer matching requirement clusters for waste disposal facilities in China  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We outline the differences of Chinese MSW characteristics from Western MSW. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We model the requirements of four clusters of plant owner/operators in China. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We examine the best technology fit for these requirements via a matrix. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Variance in waste input affects result more than training and costs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer For China technology adaptation and localisation could become push, not pull factors. - Abstract: Even though technology transfer has been part of development aid programmes for many decades, it has more often than not failed to come to fruition. One reason is the absence of simple guidelines or decision making tools that help operators or plant owners to decide on the most suitable technology to adopt. Practical suggestions for choosing the most suitable technology to combat a specific problem are hard to get and technology drawbacks are not sufficiently highlighted. Western counterparts in technology transfer or development projects often underestimate or don't sufficiently account for the high investment costs for the imported incineration plant; the differing nature of Chinese MSW; the need for trained manpower; and the need to treat flue gas, bunker leakage water, and ash, all of which contain highly toxic elements. This article sets out requirements for municipal solid waste disposal plant owner/operators in China as well as giving an attribute assessment for the prevalent waste disposal plant types in order to assist individual decision makers in their evaluation process for what plant type might be most suitable in a given situation. There is no 'best' plant for all needs and purposes, and requirement constellations rely on generalisations meaning they cannot be blindly applied, but an alignment of a type of plant to a type of owner or operator can realistically be achieved. To this end, a four-step approach is suggested and a technology matrix is set out to ease the choice of technology to transfer and avoid past errors. The four steps are (1) Identification of plant owner/operator requirement clusters; (2) Determination of different municipal solid waste (MSW) treatment plant attributes; (3) Development of a matrix matching requirement clusters to plant attributes; (4) Application of Quality Function Deployment Method to aid in technology localisation. The technology transfer matrices thus derived show significant performance differences between the various technologies available. It is hoped that the resulting research can build a bridge between technology transfer research and waste disposal research in order to enhance the exchange of more sustainable solutions in future.

Dorn, Thomas, E-mail: thomas.dorn@uni-rostock.de [University of Rostock, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Department Waste Management, Justus-v.-Liebig-Weg 6, 18059 Rostock (Germany); Nelles, Michael, E-mail: michael.nelles@uni-rostock.de [University of Rostock, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Department Waste Management, Justus-v.-Liebig-Weg 6, 18059 Rostock (Germany); Flamme, Sabine, E-mail: flamme@fh-muenster.de [University of Applied Sciences Muenster, Corrensstrasse 25, 48149 Muenster (Germany); Jinming, Cai [Hefei University of Technology, 193 Tunxi Road, 230009 Hefei (China)

2012-11-15

346

The Role of Empirical Evidence for Transferring a New Technology to Industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Technology transfer and innovation diffusion are key success factors for an enterprise. The shift to a new software technology involves, on one hand, inevitable changes to ingrained and familiar processes and, on the other, requires training, changes in practices and commitment on behalf of technical staff and management. Nevertheless, industry is often reluctant to innovation due to the changes it determines. The process of innovation diffusion is easier if the new technology is supported by empirical evidence. In this sense our conjecture is that Empirical Software Engineering (ESE) serves as means for validating and transferring a new technology within production processes. In this paper, the authors report their experience of a method, Multiview Framework, defined in the SERLAB research laboratory as support for designing and managing a goal oriented measurement program that has been validated through various empirical studies before being transferred to an Italian SME. Our discussion points out the important role of empirical evidence for obtaining management commitment and buy-in on behalf of technical staff, and for making technological transfer possible.

Baldassarre, Maria Teresa; Bruno, Giovanni; Caivano, Danilo; Visaggio, Giuseppe

347

Licensing and {open_quotes}CRADA`s{close_quotes} in Oak Ridge technology transfer  

SciTech Connect

In the belief that effective technology transfer is a ``contact sport,`` Martin Marietta Energy Systems (Energy Systems), the Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) management contractor in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, encourages its research and engineering employees to directly interact with their commercial-sector counterparts. Over the years, relationships which have been initiated through such technical interactions have led to many of the patent licenses ad cooperative research and development agreements (CRADAs) which currently exist among Energy Systems, US companies, universities, and industrial consortia. The responsibility for creating and implementing Energy Systems policies and procedures to accomplish DOE`s technology transfer objectives in Oak Ridge lies with the Office of Technology Transfer (OTT). In addition, licensing executives within OTT are responsible for negotiating the terms and conditions of patent licenses and CRADAs for the commercialization of government-funded technologies and research expertise. Other technology transfer initiatives in Oak Ridge help companies in a wide range of industries overcome manufacturing obstacles, enabling them to retain existing jobs and to create new business opportunities.

Prosser, G.A.

1993-10-01

348

Lead-free solder technology transfer from ASE Americas  

SciTech Connect

To safeguard the environmental friendliness of photovoltaics, the PV industry follows a proactive, long-term environmental strategy involving a life-of-cycle approach to prevent environmental damage by its processes and products from cradle to grave. Part of this strategy is to examine substituting lead-based solder on PV modules with other solder alloys. Lead is a toxic metal that, if ingested, can damage the brain, nervous system, liver and kidneys. Lead from solder in electronic products has been found to leach out from municipal waste landfills and municipal incinerator ash was found to be high in lead also because of disposed consumer electronics and batteries. Consequently, there is a movement in Europe and Japan to ban lead altogether from use in electronic products and to restrict the movement across geographical boundaries of waste containing lead. Photovoltaic modules may contain small amounts of regulated materials, which vary from one technology to another. Environmental regulations impact the cost and complexity of dealing with end-of-life PV modules. If they were classified as hazardous according to Federal or State criteria, then special requirements for material handling, disposal, record-keeping and reporting would escalate the cost of decommissioning the modules. Fthenakis showed that several of today's x-Si modules failed the US-EPA Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) for potential leaching of Pb in landfills and also California's standard on Total Threshold Limit Concentration (TTLC) for Pb. Consequently, such modules may be classified as hazardous waste. He highlighted potential legislation in Europe and Japan which could ban or restrict the use of lead and the efforts of the printed-circuit industries in developing Pb-free solder technologies in response to such expected legislation. Japanese firms already have introduced electronic products with Pb-free solder, and one PV manufacturer in the US, ASE Americas has used a Pb-free solder exclusively in their modules since 1993. Finding a safe, reliable and cost-effective substitute for lead-containing solders is not easy. Tin/lead solder has been the standard solder technology for several decades and extensive knowledge has been gained on the practical and theoretical aspects of its use. The printed circuit and the electronics industries recently embarked on a multi-million-dollar R and D effort to develop such alternatives, focusing on material properties, manufacturing processes, cost of alloys and long-term availability and reliability. Fthenakis outlined such efforts and listed alternatives examined by the electronics industries. One of the most promising alternatives (for electronics) is the 96.5%Sn/3.5%Ag solder that ASE Americas developed and use. ASE Americas' research and independent field testing showed it is at least as reliable as the standard one. This solder is slightly more expensive than the regular Sn/Pb solder. However, to the audience gratification, Steel Heddle, a solder manufacturer, announced that they will absorb the incremental cost and will supply 96.5%Sn/3.5%Ag at the same price as the conventional Sn/Pb solder ribbon. Another issue is the low TTLC for Ag in California (i.e., 0.5 g / kg of module), but Fthenakis showed that the Sn/Ag solder will add less than 10% of this quantity (i.e., 0.05 g of Ag / kg of module). The major point made by Fthenakis was that alternatives exist that are both environmentally benign and cost-effective, and that the PV industry can only benefit by being proactive in switching to Pb-free materials, thereby exceeding the expectations of its supporters and averting potential future legislation.

FTHENAKIS,V.

1999-10-19

349

An overview of remote sensing technology transfer in Canada and the United States  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To realize the maximum potential benefits of remote sensing, the technology must be applied by personnel responsible for the management of natural resources and the environment. In Canada and the United States, these managers are often in local offices and are not those responsible for the development of systems to acquire, preprocess, and disseminate remotely sensed data, nor those leading the research and development of techniques for analysis of the data. However, the latter organizations have recognized that the technology they develop must be transferred to the management agencies if the technology is to be useful to society. Problems of motivation and communication associated with the technology transfer process, and some of the methods employed by Federal, State, Provincial, and local agencies, academic institutions, and private organizations to overcome these problems are explored.

Strome, W. M.; Lauer, D. T.

1977-01-01

350

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO U.S. INDEPENDENT OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect

During FY99, the Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of helping U.S. independent oil and gas producers make timely, informed technology decisions. PTfC's national organization has active grassroots programs that connect with independents through its 10 Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs). These activities--including technology workshops, resource centers, websites, newsletters, and other outreach efforts--are guided by regional Producer Advisory Groups (PAGs). The role of the national headquarters (HQ) staff includes planning and managing the PTTC program, conducting nation-wide technology transfer activities, and implementing a comprehensive communications effort. This technical progress report summarizes PTTC's accomplishments during FY99, which lay the groundwork for further growth in the future.

Donald Duttlinger

1999-12-01

351

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO U.S. INDEPENDENT OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect

During FY99, the Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of helping U.S. independent oil and gas producers make timely, informed technology decisions. PTTC's national organization has active grassroots programs that connect with independents through its 10 Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs). These activities--including technology workshops, resource centers, websites, newsletters, and other outreach efforts--are guided by regional Producer Advisory Groups (PAGs). The role of the national headquarters (HQ) staff includes planning and managing the PTTC program, conducting nation-wide technology transfer activities, and implementing a comprehensive communications effort. This technical progress report summarizes PTTC's accomplishments during FY99, which lay the groundwork for further growth in the future.

Unknown

1999-10-31

352

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO U.S. INDEPENDENT OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect

During FY00, the Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of helping U.S. independent oil and gas producers make timely, informed technology decisions. PTTC's national organization has active grassroots programs that connect with independents through its 10 Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs). These activities--including technology workshops, resource centers, websites, newsletters, and other outreach efforts--are guided by regional Producer Advisory Groups (PAGs). The role of the national headquarters (HQ) staff includes planning and managing the PTTC program, conducting nation-wide technology transfer activities, and implementing a comprehensive communications effort. This technical progress report summarizes PTTC's accomplishments during FY00, which lay the groundwork for further growth in the future.

Unknown

2000-05-01

353

Technology transfer from biomedical research to clinical practice: measuring innovation performance.  

PubMed

Studies documented 17 years of transfer time from clinical trials to practice of care. Launched in 2002, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) translational research initiative needs to develop metrics for impact assessment. A recent White House report highlighted that research and development productivity is declining as a result of increased research spending while the new drugs output is flat. The goal of this study was to develop an expanded model of research-based innovation and performance thresholds of transfer from research to practice. Models for transfer of research to practice have been collected and reviewed. Subsequently, innovation pathways have been specified based on common characteristics. An integrated, intellectual property transfer model is described. The central but often disregarded role of research innovation disclosure is highlighted. Measures of research transfer and milestones of progress have been identified based on the Association of University Technology Managers 2012 performance reports. Numeric milestones of technology transfer are recommended at threshold (top 50%), target (top 25%), and stretch goal (top 10%) performance levels. Transfer measures and corresponding target levels include research spending to disclosure (<$1.88 million), disclosure to patents (>0.81), patents to start-up (>0.1), patents to licenses (>2.25), and average per license income (>$48,000). Several limitations of measurement are described. Academic institutions should take strategic steps to bring innovation to the center of scholarly discussions. Research on research, particularly on pathways to disclosures, is needed to improve R&D productivity. Researchers should be informed about the technology transfer performance of their institution and regulations should better support innovators. PMID:24142938

Balas, E Andrew; Elkin, Peter L

2013-12-01

354

Technology 2003: The Fourth National Technology Transfer Conference and Exposition, volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Proceedings from symposia of the Technology 2003 Conference and Exposition, December 7-9, 1993, Anaheim, CA, was discussed. Volume 1 features the Plenary Session and the Plenary Workshop, plus papers presented in Advanced Manufacturing, Biotechnology/Medical Technology, Environmental Technology, Materials Science, and Power and Energy.

Hackett, Michael (compiler)

1994-01-01

355

Toward a reconciliation of conflicting perspectives on North-South technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of the controversy surrounding North-South technology transfer stems from the divergent views about the process between the sending country and the recipient country in terms of goals and objectives, the expected short-term and long-term benefits and costs, the time-frame for completion, and the basic understanding of technological innovation and its diffusion process. Some of these conflicting views have their

Yiu-Kwan Fan

1985-01-01

356

Cross-border transfer of climate change mitigation technologies : the case of wind energy from Denmark and Germany to India  

E-print Network

This research investigated the causal factors and processes of international development and diffusion of wind energy technology by examining private sector cross-border technology transfer from Denmark and Germany to India ...

Mizuno, Emi, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01

357

Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs Phase I Solicitation FY-2006 (SBIR/STTR)  

NSF Publications Database

... Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs Phase I Solicitation FY-2006 ... 2005 Topic: Electronics (EL) and Security Technologies (ST). Do not submit proposals prior to May 8 ...

358

SYMPOSIUM ON THE TRANSFER AND UTILIZATION OF PARTICULATE CONTROL TECHNOLOGY (4TH). VOLUME 1. FABRIC FILTRATION  

EPA Science Inventory

The papers in the three volumes (of which this is one) were presented at the Fourth Symposium on the Transfer and Utilization of Particulate Control Technology in Houston, TX, October 11-14, 1982. Volume I relates to fabric filtration; Volume II, to electrostatic precipitation; a...

359

SYMPOSIUM ON THE TRANSFER AND UTILIZATION OF PARTICULATE CONTROL TECHNOLOGY (4TH). VOLUME 2. ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATION  

EPA Science Inventory

The papers in the three volumes (of which this is one) were presented at the Fourth Symposium on the Transfer and Utilization of Particulate Control Technology in Houston, TX, October 11-14, 1982. Volume I relates to fabric filtration; Volume II, to electrostatic precipitation; a...

360

The economic analysis of University Technology Transfer Offices: a theoretical review and empirical implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Triple Helix model postulates that the university research commercialization is an important driver of the regional competitiveness. In this regard, the role of university Technological Transfer Offices (TTOs) is receiving a growing interest by university management and academics. This paper aims to facilitate the communication among both communities by reviewing the contributions made up to now by economists and

Ferran Vendrell Herrero; Pedro Ortín Angel

361

Using the DACUM Process as an Effective and Efficient Tool in International Technology Transfer Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores two cases of the use of the DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process in the transfer of technology from Canada to China. Describes the DACUM process and the Transport Systems Training Project that used it, illustrated with three DACUM charts. (JOW)

Lamoureux, Marvin E.; Leeper, Michael J.

1996-01-01

362

Technological Transfer from Research Nuclear Reactors to New Generation Nuclear Power Reactors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this paper is the analysis of the technological transfer role in the nuclear field, with particular emphasis on nuclear reactors domain. The presentation is sustained by historical arguments. In this frame, it is very important to start with the achievements of the first nuclear systems, for instant those with natural uranium as fuel and heavy water as

Laura Radulescu; Margarit Pavelescu

2010-01-01

363

Transferring the Soft-Skills Technology of Workplace Learning and Performance to China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses international business and workplace learning and performance (WLP), and describes a long-term strategic alliance between Motorola University China, Penn State University, Beijing University, and Nankai University. Highlights include a needs assessment of multinational corporations in China; transferring the soft-skills technology of WLP…

Yan, Jenny; Rothwell, William J.; Webster, Lois

2001-01-01

364

Technology Transfer Programs for Biological Control of Weeds — the New Zealand Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biological control has become a major focus for managing a variety of agricultural and conservation weeds in New Zealand. For nearly 2 decades Landcare Research (for- merly DSIR) has operated successful technology transfer programs with most organiza- tions that manage weeds in New Zealand. Program success is based on strong relation- ships built up between Landcare Research and participating organizations

L. M. HAYES

365

Effect of Linguistic Heterogeneity on Technology Transfer: An Economic Study of FIFA Football Rankings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper used the Fédération International de Football Association (FIFA) world ranking points data to examine how linguistic heterogeneity has an impact on technology transfer from the most developed countries. The major findings are: (1) the learning effect from the most developed countries on team performance i s larger for developing countries than for developed countries. (2) Linguistic heterogeneity has

Eiji Yamamura

2012-01-01

366

A Graduate's Role in Technology Transfer: From Requirements to Design with UML  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is a universal challenge to bridge the gap between academia and industry, and between theory and practice. This challenge is particularly critical in the discipline of software engineering and is often categorised under the umbrella of technology transfer. Experience suggests that one of the least well understood aspects of software devel- opment is in the move from requirements to

Stephen Hallinan; J. Paul Gibson

2005-01-01

367

System technology analysis of aeroassisted orbital transfer vehicles - Moderate lift\\/drag  

Microsoft Academic Search

The utilization of procedures involving aerodynamic braking and\\/or aerodynamic maneuvering on return from higher altitude orbits to low-earth orbit makes it possible to realize significant performance benefits. The present study is concerned with a number of mission scenarios for Aeroassisted Orbital Transfer Vehicles (AOTV) and the impact of potential technology advances in the performance enhancement of the class of AOTV's

D. E. Florence; G. Fischer

1983-01-01

368

ERCIM News No. 50, July 2002 53 R&D AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER  

E-print Network

thus induce a chain reac- tion. In the field, positive and negative charges then drift into differentERCIM News No. 50, July 2002 53 R&D AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER The work by Manuel Arrayás (now in a sufficiently strong electric field free electrons can ionize gas molecules by impact. One single electron may

Ebert, Ute

369

The Impact of Technology Transfer Office Characteristics on University Invention Disclosure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examine faculty disclosure of inventions, which is an important precursor of university licensing. The au- thors hypothesize that invention disclosure (ID) is an increasing function of R&D expenditures, faculty size, faculty quality, royalty share, and technology transfer office (TTO) independence from university funding. The authors also argue that, because TTO size is a measure of TTO agent research

Zibin Xu; Mark E. Parry; Michael Song

2011-01-01

370

To Patent or Not: Faculty Decisions and Institutional Success at Technology Transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

We draw on qualitative data derived from field work on two university campuses to develop an explanation for widely disparate rates of new invention disclosure. We argue that faculty decisions to disclose are shaped by their perceptions of the benefits of patent protection. These incentives to disclose are magnified or minimized by the perceived costs of interacting with technology transfer

Jason Owen-Smith; Walter W. Powell

2001-01-01

371

Texas Schools, Inc.: A Case Study of the Transfer of Technology at a Pilot Bilingual Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Texas Schools, Inc. (TSI) developed a pilot program in bilingual education for Mexican-American vocational workers in the Department of Diesel Mechanics at Texas Tech University. This study assesses the transfer of technology in that environment using quantitative and qualitative measures. TSI, a technical and vocational school in Lubbock, Texas,…

Pearson, Vangie L.

372

Beyond Technology Transfer: Quality of Life Impacts from R&D Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents methodology and findings from three product efficacy studies that verify the quality of life benefits resulting from prior research, development, and transfer activities. The paper then discusses key lessons learned with implications for product evaluation practice. The studies assessed the quality of three assistive technology

Stone, Vathsala I.; Lockett, Michelle; Usiak, Douglas J.; Arthanat, Sajay

2010-01-01

373

Determining the Success or Failure of International Technology Transfer: A Conceptual Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present a conceptual framework that is considered useful for investment studies and consultancy activities on international technology transfer (ITT). Thoroughly elaborated investment studies--by which possible risks and constraints can be identified--can provide valuable support to decision makers in an ITT project. There appears to…

van Egmond-de Wilde de Ligny, E. L. C.; Kumaraswamy, M. M.

2003-01-01

374

Anatomy of a Technology Transfer: The National Commission on Libraries and Information Science Literacy Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a demonstration project conducted by the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science to transfer reading development technology developed by the military to adult literacy education. The development and testing of a computer-assisted instruction program for language skills in two library sites and plans for expanded testing…

Young, Christina Carr

1986-01-01

375

The Determinants of Innovation: R & D, Technology Transfer and Networking Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional analysis of innovation has focused on the Schumpeterian hypothesis of a positive link between market power and innovation. This often includes an implicitly linear view of the innovation process, with R & D as a necessary first step. This paper widens the determinants of innovation beyond R & D to include technology transfer and networking effects, thus extending

James H. Love; Stephen Roper

1999-01-01

376

NASA/BLM Applications Pilot Test (APT), phase 2. Volume 3: Technology transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Techniques used and materials presented at a planning session and two workshops held to provide hands-on training in the integration of quantitatively based remote sensing data are described as well as methods used to enhance understanding of approaches to inventories that integrate multiple data sources given various resource information objectives. Significant results from each of the technology transfer sessions are examined.

1981-01-01

377

Technology Transfer and Innovation Initiatives in Strategic Management: Generating an Alternative Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper taps the strategic management discipline to inform our understanding of technology transfer and innovation (TTI) initiatives. With special focus on the UK Foresight programme it considers the impacts that the resource-based and core competence approaches to strategy can have on understanding the nature and effectiveness of TTI…

Major, E.

2003-01-01

378

PATENTING AND LICENSING The major thrust of the Technology Transfer Office's activity is directed towards  

E-print Network

PATENTING AND LICENSING The major thrust of the Technology Transfer Office's activity is directed towards patenting and licensing of the inventions originated at Dartmouth College and its information to start evaluations of patentability and commercial potential of the invention, as well

379

Enhancing climate technology transfer through greater public-private cooperation: Lessons from Thailand and the Philippines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article contributes to debates about climate change policy and technology transfer by analyzing the success factors underlying collaboration between private companies and communities in developing countries. To date, much attention to capacity building for enabling environments — including public-private collaboration — under the climate change conven- tion has focused on state-led initiatives and on the innovation and development of

Tim Forsyth

2005-01-01

380

Software Tools for Technology Transfer manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor)  

E-print Network

critical real-time embedded systems (e.g., satellite), guar- anteeing a very high level of reliability such as satellite systems. Because they are real-time systems, their execu- tion time must be as low as possibleSoftware Tools for Technology Transfer manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor) Tradeoff

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

381

Use of broker organizations in technology transfer and research utilization for the buildings industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several broker organizations are already an active part of the technology transfer and research utilization activities of DOE's Building Systems Division. These interactions often take the form of service on broker organization or DOE task forces and review committees, joint sponsorship of meetings and workshops, subcontracts for research and\\/or information dissemination to brokers, publication of documents, code and standards setting

Copenhaver

1985-01-01

382

Research Universities, Technology Transfer, and Job Creation: What Infrastructure, For What Training?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology transfer and innovation are considered major drivers of sustainable development; they place knowledge and its dissemination in society at the heart of the development process. This article considers the role of research universities, and how they can interact with key actors and institutions involved in "innovation…

Brodhag, Christian

2013-01-01

383

Proceedings of the First National Workshop on Energy Efficiency Education Through Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains the proceedings from a workshop held in Washington, D.C. in December, 1977. The purpose of the conference was to examine project PROCEED (Program for Continuing Engineering Education) as an innovative approach to technology transfer in energy efficiency education and the potential relationships of the project with the…

Cohen, Karen C., Ed.

384

Implications of sustainable aquaculture in future technology transfer: The Oceanic Institute experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aquaculture has provided an alternative animal protein source for people for decades. The transfer of improved aquaculture technology has assisted economic growth in less developed countries by such donor countries as the USA, Japan, the European economic communities, Canada and Australia. Donor agencies provided funding for purchasing advanced equipment, professional training, professional consultation, and experts to advise recipient countries. The

C.-S. Lee; K. S. Lee

1995-01-01

385

Space transfer vehicle concepts and requirements study. Volume 2, book 4: Integrated advanced technology development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Space Transfer Vehicle (STV) program provides both an opportunity and a requirement to increase our upper stage capabilities with the development and applications of new technologies. Issues such as man rating, space basing, reusability, and long lunar surface storage times drive the need for new technology developments and applications. In addition, satisfaction of mission requirements such as lunar cargo delivery capability and lunar landing either require new technology development or can be achieved in a more cost-effective manner with judicious applications of advanced technology. During the STV study, advanced technology development requirements and plans have been addressed by the Technology/Advanced Development Working Group composed of NASA and contractor representatives. This report discusses the results to date of this working group. The first section gives an overview of the technologies that have potential or required applications for the STV and identifies those technologies baselined for the STV. Figures are provided that list the technology categories and show the priority placed on those technology categories for either the space-based or ground-based options. The second section covers the plans and schedules for incorporating the technologies into the STV program.

Weber, Gary A.

1991-01-01

386

The initiatives of the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory in the transfer of a new excavation technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A system for making vertical or horizontal holes in rock or soil by progressive local melting is described. In one operation the three major tasks of excavation are performed with the Subterrene concept: (1) rock fracturing; (2) debris removal; and (3) wall stabilization. Potential applications of the Subterrene system are indicated, with emphasis on extraction of geothermal energy and development of superconduction transmission lines for electrical power. A program in technology dissemination implemented by the staff members is described. It is indicated that a large scale commercial utilization of the technology is required to complete the transfer of technology.

Hanold, R. J.; Bankston, C. A.; Rowley, J. C.; Long, W. W.

1974-01-01

387

Electronic Transfer: Moving Technology Dollars in New Directions--Technology Counts 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the special issues of the eighth edition of "Education Week's" annual report on education technology, "Technology Counts." The annual report tracks the economic and policy forces that are converging to push those changes, which are happening at the federal, state, and local levels. States and school districts are spending…

Edwards, Virginia

2005-01-01

388

Technology 2001: The Second National Technology Transfer Conference and Exposition, volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Papers from the technical sessions of the Technology 2001 Conference and Exposition are presented. The technical sessions featured discussions of advanced manufacturing, artificial intelligence, biotechnology, computer graphics and simulation, communications, data and information management, electronics, electro-optics, environmental technology, life sciences, materials science, medical advances, robotics, software engineering, and test and measurement.

1991-01-01

389

Improving global access to new vaccines: intellectual property, technology transfer, and regulatory pathways.  

PubMed

The 2012 World Health Assembly Global Vaccine Action Plan called for global access to new vaccines within 5 years of licensure. Current approaches have proven insufficient to achieve sustainable vaccine pricing within such a timeline. Paralleling the successful strategy of generic competition to bring down drug prices, a clear consensus is emerging that market entry of multiple suppliers is a critical factor in expeditiously bringing down prices of new vaccines. In this context, key target objectives for improving access to new vaccines include overcoming intellectual property obstacles, streamlining regulatory pathways for biosimilar vaccines, and reducing market entry timelines for developing-country vaccine manufacturers by transfer of technology and know-how. I propose an intellectual property, technology, and know-how bank as a new approach to facilitate widespread access to new vaccines in low- and middle-income countries by efficient transfer of patented vaccine technologies to multiple developing-country vaccine manufacturers. PMID:25211753

Crager, Sara Eve

2014-11-01

390

Cryogenic Propellant Storage and Transfer Technology Demonstration: Advancing Technologies for Future Mission Architectures Beyond Low Earth Orbit  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As part of U.S. National Space Policy, NASA is seeking an innovative path for human space exploration, which strengthens the capability to extend human and robotic presence throughout the solar system. NASA is laying the groundwork to enable humans to safely reach multiple potential destinations, including the Moon, asteroids, Lagrange points, and Mars and its environs. In support of this, NASA is embarking on the Technology Demonstration Mission Cryogenic Propellant Storage and Transfer (TDM CPST) Project to test and validate key cryogenic capabilities and technologies required for future exploration elements, opening up the architecture for large cryogenic propulsion stages and propellant depots. The TDM CPST will provide an on-orbit demonstration of the capability to store, transfer, and measure cryogenic propellants for a duration that enables long term human space exploration missions beyond low Earth orbit. This paper will present a summary of the cryogenic fluid management technology maturation effort, infusion of those technologies into flight hardware development, and a summary of the CPST preliminary design.

Chojnacki, Kent T.; Crane, Deborah J.; Motil, Susan M.; Ginty, Carol A.; Tofil, Todd A.

2014-01-01

391

Technology Transfer: A Qualitative Analysis of Air Force Office of Research and Technology Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Everyday within United States Air Forces. research laboratories there are hundreds of scientists and engineers whose research and development activities contribute to the advancement of science and technology for mankind. The opportunities for successful ...

D. C. Trexler

2006-01-01

392

Technology Transfer  

Cancer.gov

The bisulfite-conversion portion of this process is currently being assessed for conversion efficiency, template loss, and stability of bisulfite-converted DNA before being implemented into a production offering.

393

Cryogenic Propellant Storage and Transfer Technology Demonstration For Long Duration In-Space Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The high specific impulse of cryogenic propellants can provide a significant performance advantage for in-space transfer vehicles. The upper stages of the Saturn V and various commercial expendable launch vehicles have used liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen propellants; however, the application of cryogenic propellants has been limited to relatively short duration missions due to the propensity of cryogens to absorb environmental heat resulting in fluid losses. Utilizing advanced cryogenic propellant technologies can enable the efficient use of high performance propellants for long duration missions. Crewed mission architectures for beyond low Earth orbit exploration can significantly benefit from this capability by developing realistic launch spacing for multiple launch missions, by prepositioning stages and by staging propellants at an in-space depot. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration through the Office of the Chief Technologist is formulating a Cryogenic Propellant Storage and Transfer Technology Demonstration Mission to mitigate the technical and programmatic risks of infusing these advanced technologies into the development of future cryogenic propellant stages or in-space propellant depots. NASA is seeking an innovative path for human space exploration, which strengthens the capability to extend human and robotic presence throughout the solar system. This mission will test and validate key cryogenic technological capabilities and has the objectives of demonstrating advanced thermal control technologies to minimize propellant loss during loiter, demonstrating robust operation in a microgravity environment, and demonstrating efficient propellant transfer on orbit. The status of the demonstration mission concept development, technology demonstration planning and technology maturation activities in preparation for flight system development are described.

Meyer, Michael L.; Motil, Susan M.; Kortes, Trudy F.; Taylor, William J.; McRight, Patrick S.

2012-01-01

394

MHD Technology Transfer, Integration and Review Committee. Second semiannual status report, July 1988--March 1989  

SciTech Connect

As part of the MHD Integrated Topping Cycle (ITC) project, TRW was given the responsibility to organize, charter and co-chair, with the Department of Energy (DOE), an MHD Technology Transfer, Integration and Review Committee (TTIRC). The Charter of the TTIRC, which was approved by the DOE in June 1988 and distributed to the committee members, is included as part of this Summary. As stated in the Charter, the purpose of this committee is to: (1) review all Proof-of-Concept (POC) projects and schedules in the national MHD program; to assess their compatibility with each other and the first commercial MHD retrofit plant; (2) establish and implement technology transfer formats for users of this technology; (3) identify interfaces, issues, and funding structures directly impacting the success of the commercial retrofit; (4) investigate and identify the manner in which, and by whom, the above should be resolved; and (5) investigate and assess other participation (foreign and domestic) in the US MHD Program. The DOE fiscal year 1989 MHD Program Plan Schedule is included at the end of this Summary. The MHD Technology Transfer, Integration and Review Committee`s activities to date have focused primarily on the ``technology transfer`` aspects of its charter. It has provided a forum for the dissemination of technical and programmatic information among workers in the field of MHD and to the potential end users, the utilities, by holding semi-annual meetings. The committee publishes this semi-annual report, which presents in Sections 2 through 11 capsule summaries of technical progress for all DOE Proof-of-Concept MHD contracts and major test facilities.

Not Available

1989-10-01

395

System technology analysis of aeroassisted orbital transfer vehicles: Moderate lift/drag (0.75-1.5). Volume 2: Supporting research and technology report, phase 1 and 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Technology payoffs of representative ground based (Phase 1) and space based (Phase 2) mid lift/drag ratio (L/D) aeroassisted orbit transfer vehicles (AOTV) were assessed and prioritized. The methodology employed to generate technology payoffs, the major payoffs identified, the urgency of the technology effort required, and the technology plans suggested are summarized for both study phases. Technology issues concerning aerodynamics, aerothermodynamics, thermal protection, propulsion, and guidance, navigation and control are addressed.

1985-01-01

396

Applications of aerospace technology in industry: A technology transfer profile. Visual display systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The growth of common as well as emerging visual display technologies are surveyed. The major inference is that contemporary society is rapidly growing evermore reliant on visual display for a variety of purposes. Because of its unique mission requirements, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration has contributed in an important and specific way to the growth of visual display technology. These contributions are characterized by the use of computer-driven visual displays to provide an enormous amount of information concisely, rapidly and accurately.

1972-01-01

397

Selected case studies of technology transfer from mission-oriented applied research  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (DOE) Advanced Industrial Concepts Division (AICD) under the Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) supports interdisciplinary applied research and exploratory development that will expand the knowledge base to enable industry to improve its energy efficiency and its capability to use alternative energy resources. AICD capitalizes on scientific and technical advances from the United States and abroad, applying them to address critical technical needs of American industry. As a result, AICD research and development products are many and varied, and the effective transfer of these products to diverse targeted users requires different strategies as well. This paper describes the products of AICD research, how they are transferred to potential users, and how actual transfer is determined.

Daellenbach, K.K.; Watts, R.L.; Young, J.K. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Abarcar, R.B. [Energetics, Inc., Columbia, MD (United States)

1992-07-01

398

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO U.S. INDEPENDENT OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of helping U.S. independent oil and natural gas producers make timely, informed technology decisions. Networking opportunities that occur with a Houston Headquarters (HQ) location are increasing name awareness. Focused efforts by Executive Director Don Duttlinger to interact with large independents, national service companies and some majors are continuing to supplement the support base of the medium to smaller industry participants around the country. PTTC is now involved in many of the technology-related activities that occur in high oil and natural gas activity areas. Access to technology remains the driving force for those who do not have in-house research and development capabilities and look to the PTTC to provide services and options for increased efficiency.

Unknown

2003-04-30

399

Spin-transfer torque magnetoresistive random-access memory technologies for normally off computing (invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most parts of present computer systems are made of volatile devices, and the power to supply them to avoid information loss causes huge energy losses. We can eliminate this meaningless energy loss by utilizing the non-volatile function of advanced spin-transfer torque magnetoresistive random-access memory (STT-MRAM) technology and create a new type of computer, i.e., normally off computers. Critical tasks to achieve normally off computers are implementations of STT-MRAM technologies in the main memory and low-level cache memories. STT-MRAM technology for applications to the main memory has been successfully developed by using perpendicular STT-MRAMs, and faster STT-MRAM technologies for applications to the cache memory are now being developed. The present status of STT-MRAMs and challenges that remain for normally off computers are discussed.

Ando, K.; Fujita, S.; Ito, J.; Yuasa, S.; Suzuki, Y.; Nakatani, Y.; Miyazaki, T.; Yoda, H.

2014-05-01

400

Orbit transfer rocket engine integrated control and health monitoring system technology readiness assessment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objectives of this task were to: (1) estimate the technology readiness of an integrated control and health monitoring (ICHM) system for the Aerojet 7500 lbF Orbit Transfer Vehicle engine preliminary design assuming space based operations; and (2) estimate the remaining cost to advance this technology to a NASA defined 'readiness level 6' by 1996 wherein the technology has been demonstrated with a system validation model in a simulated environment. The work was accomplished through the conduct of four subtasks. In subtask 1 the minimally required functions for the control and monitoring system was specified. The elements required to perform these functions were specified in Subtask 2. In Subtask 3, the technology readiness level of each element was assessed. Finally, in Subtask 4, the development cost and schedule requirements were estimated for bringing each element to 'readiness level 6'.

Bickford, R. L.; Collamore, F. N.; Gage, M. L.; Morgan, D. B.; Thomas, E. R.

1992-01-01

401

Modularization and nuclear power. Report by the Technology Transfer Modularization Task Team  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the results of the work performed by the Technology Transfer Task Team on Modularization. This work was performed as part of the Technology Transfer work being performed under Department of Energy Contract 54-7WM-335406, between December, 1984 and February, 1985. The purpose of this task team effort was to briefly survey the current use of modularization in the nuclear and non-nuclear industries and to assess and evaluate the techniques available for potential application to nuclear power. A key conclusion of the evaluation was that there was a need for a study to establish guidelines for the future development of Light Water Reactor, High Temperature Gas Reactor and Liquid Metal Reactor plants. The guidelines should identify how modularization can improve construction, maintenance, life extension and decommissioning.

Not Available

1985-06-01

402

Strategic factors in the development of the National Technology Transfer Network  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Broad consensus among industry and government leaders has developed over the last decade on the importance of applying the U.S. leadership in research and development (R&D) to strengthen competitiveness in the global marketplace, and thus enhance national prosperity. This consensus has emerged against the backdrop of increasing economic competition, and the dramatic reduction of military threats to national security with the end of the Cold War. This paper reviews the key factors and considerations that shaped - and continue to influence - the development of the Regional Technoloty Transfer Centers (RTTC) and the National Technology Transfer Center (NTTC). Also, the future role of the national network in support of emerging technology policy initiatives will be explored.

Root, Jonathan F.; Stone, Barbara A.

1993-01-01

403

Technical assistance and the transfer of remote sensing technology. [for economic development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The transfer of technology from industrialized countries to the third world is a very complicated process and one that requires a great deal of research and development. The political and social obstacles to this transfer are generally greater than the technical obstacles, but technical assistance programs have neither the competence nor the inclination to deal with these factors adequately. Funding for technical assistance in remote sensing is now expanding rapidly, and there is a growing need for institutions to study and promote the effective use of this technology for economic development. The United Nations, the Food and Agriculture Organization, the World Bank, the United States Agency for International Development and the Canadian technical assistance agencies take different approaches to the problem and deal with the political pressures in different ways.

Chipman, R.

1977-01-01

404

A memoir: From peenemünde to USA: A classic case of technology transfer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper traces the development of rocket technology in Germany from the 1930s and 1940s that led to the massive, and historically unprecedented, transfer of rocket, missile, launch-vehicle and related technologies to the post-World-War-II United States. This achievement was made possible by an initial group of 118 German rocket specialists to which others were gradually added. The contributions to rocketry, upper atmosphere and space research, and eventually manned space travel provided by Germany's Wernher von Braun and his team of engineers, scientists, technicians and support personnel is, in particular, described, and the ongoing influence of the innovations they introduced is considered.

Ordway, Frederick I., III; Dahm, Werner K.; Dannenberg, Konrad; Haeussermann, Walter; Reisig, Gerhard; Stuhlinger, Ernst; von Tiesenhausen, Georg; Willhite, Irene

2007-01-01

405

Cryogenic Propellant Storage and Transfer Technology Demonstration: Prephase A Government Point-of-Departure Concept Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The primary purpose of this study was to define a point-of-departure prephase A mission concept for the cryogenic propellant storage and transfer technology demonstration mission to be conducted by the NASA Office of the Chief Technologist (OCT). The mission concept includes identification of the cryogenic propellant management technologies to be demonstrated, definition of a representative mission timeline, and definition of a viable flight system design concept. The resulting mission concept will serve as a point of departure for evaluating alternative mission concepts and synthesizing the results of industry- defined mission concepts developed under the OCT contracted studies

Mulqueen, J. A.; Addona, B. M.; Gwaltney, D. A.; Holt, K. A.; Hopkins, R. C.; Matis, J. A.; McRight, P. S.; Popp, C. G.; Sutherlin, S. G.; Thomas, H. D.; Baysinger, M. F.; Maples, C. D.; Capizzo, P. D.; Fabisinski, L. L.; Hornsby, L. S.; Percy, T. K.; Thomas, S. D.

2012-01-01

406

Cryogenic gear technology for an orbital transfer vehicle engine and tester design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Technology available for gears used in advanced Orbital Transfer Vehicle rocket engines and the design of a cryogenic adapted tester used for evaluating advanced gears are presented. The only high-speed, unlubricated gears currently in cryogenic service are used in the RL10 rocket engine turbomachinery. Advanced rocket engine gear systems experience operational load conditions and rotational speed that are beyond current experience levels. The work under this task consisted of a technology assessment and requirements definition followed by design of a self-contained portable cryogenic adapted gear test rig system.

Calandra, M.; Duncan, G.

1986-01-01

407

technology offer Vienna University of Technology | Research and Transfer Support | Hildegard Sieberth  

E-print Network

.sieberth@tuwien.ac.at | http://www.rt.tuwien.ac.at Potent PDE5 Inhibitors: The Next Generation Erectile dysfunction) Inhibitors are prominently used in the treatment of erectile dysfunction. Vienna University of Technology Potential applications PDE5 Inhibitors are prominently used in the treatment of erectile dysfunction have

Szmolyan, Peter

408

technology offer Vienna University of Technology | Research and Transfer Support | Claudia Doubek  

E-print Network

.doubek@tuwien.ac.at | http://www.rt.tuwien.ac.at Potent PDE5 Inhibitors: The Next Generation Erectile dysfunction) Inhibitors are prominently used in the treatment of erectile dysfunction. Vienna University of Technology Potential applications PDE5 Inhibitors are prominently used in the treatment of erectile dysfunction have

Szmolyan, Peter

409

Technology 2003: The Fourth National Technology Transfer Conference and Exposition, volume 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Proceedings from symposia of the Technology 2003 Conference and Exposition, Dec. 7-9, 1993, Anaheim, CA, are presented. Volume 2 features papers on artificial intelligence, CAD&E, computer hardware, computer software, information management, photonics, robotics, test and measurement, video and imaging, and virtual reality/simulation.

Hackett, Michael (compiler)

1994-01-01

410

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO U.S. INDEPENDENT OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of helping U.S. independent oil and gas producers make timely, informed technology decisions during Fiscal Year 2000 (FY00). Functioning as a cohesive national organization, PTTC has active grassroots programs through its ten Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs) who bring research and academia to the table via their association with geological surveys and engineering departments. The regional directors connect with independent oil and gas producers through technology workshops, resource centers, websites, newsletters, various technical publications and other outreach efforts. These are guided by regional Producer Advisory Groups (PAGs), who are area operators and service companies working with the Regional Lead Organizations. The role of the national headquarters (HQ) staff includes planning and managing the PTTC program, conducting nation-wide technology transfer activities, and implementing a comprehensive communications effort. The organization effectively combines federal, state, and industry funding to achieve important goals for all of these sectors. This integrated funding base, combined with industry volunteers guiding PTTC's activities and the dedication of national and regional staff, are achieving notable results. PTTC is increasingly recognized as a critical resource for information and access to technologies, especially for smaller companies. This technical progress report summarizes PTTC's accomplishments during FY00, which lays the groundwork for further growth in the future. At a time of many industry changes and market movements, the organization has built a reputation and expectation to address industry needs of getting information distributed quickly which can impact the bottom line immediately.

Unknown

2000-11-01

411

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO U.S. INDEPENDENT OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect

In pursuing its mission of helping U.S. independent oil and gas producers make timely, informed technology decisions, the Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) functions as a cohesive national organization that implements industry's directives through active regional programs. The role of the national headquarters (HQ) organization includes planning and managing the PTTC program, conducting nation-wide technology transfer activities, and implementing a comprehensive communications effort. PTTC relies on 10 Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs) as its main program delivery mechanism to industry. Through its regions, PTTC connects with independent oil and gas producers--through technology workshops, resources centers, websites, newsletters, and other outreach efforts. The organization effectively combines federal, state, and industry funding to achieve important goals for all of these sectors. This integrated funding base, combined with industry volunteers guiding PTTC's activities and the dedication of national and regional staff, are achieving notable results. PTTC is increasingly recognized as a critical resource for information and access to technologies, especially for smaller companies. This technical progress report summarizes PTTC's accomplishments during FY98, and its strategy for achieving further growth in the future.

Unknown

1998-10-31

412

Building Thermal Envelope Systems and Materials (BTESM) and research utilization/technology transfer  

SciTech Connect

The Monthly Report of the Building Thermal Envelope Systems and Materials (BTESM) Programs is a monthly update of both in-house ORNL projects and subcontract activities in the research areas of building materials, wall systems, foundations, roofs, building diagnostics, and research utilization and technology transfer. Presentations are not stand-alone paragraphs every month. Their principal values are the short-time lapse between accomplishment and reporting and their evolution over a period of several months..

Burn, G. (comp.)

1990-07-01

413

Building Thermal Envelope Systems and Materials (BTESM) and research utilization\\/technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Monthly Report of the Building Thermal Envelope Systems and Materials (BTESM) Programs is a monthly update of both in-house ORNL projects and subcontract activities in the research areas of building materials, wall systems, foundations, roofs, building diagnostics, and research utilization and technology transfer. Presentations are not stand-alone paragraphs every month. Their principal values are the short-time lapse between accomplishment

Burn

1990-01-01

414

Orbital transfer vehicle engine technology: Baffled injector design, fabrication, and verification  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

New technologies for space-based, reusable, throttleable, cryogenic orbit transfer propulsion are being evaluated. Supporting tasks for the design of a dual expander cycle engine thrust chamber design are documented. The purpose of the studies was to research the materials used in the thrust chamber design, the supporting fabrication methods necessary to complete the design, and the modification of the injector element for optimum injector/chamber compatibility.

Schneider, J. A.

1991-01-01

415

Hyperspectral Technology Transfer to the US Department of Interior: Summary of Results of the NASA/DOI Hyperspectral Technology Transfer Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In 1997 the Office of Biological Informatics and Outreach (OBIO), Biological Resources Division, US Geological Survey and NASA, Office of Earth Science (OES), initiated a coordinated effort for applying Airborne Visible and Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) data and analysis, as a technology transfer project, to critical DOI environmental issues in four study sites throughout the United States. This work was accomplished by four US Department of the Interior (DOI) study teams with support from NASA/OES principal investigators and the Office of Earth Science programs. The studies, including personnel, objectives, background, project plans, and milestones were documented in a project website at . This report summarizes the final outcomes of the project, detailing accomplishments, lessons learned, and benefits realized to NASA, the US Geological Survey, and the participating DOI bureaus.

Root, Ralph; Wickland, Diane

2001-01-01

416

EV Charging Through Wireless Power Transfer: Analysis of Efficiency Optimization and Technology Trends  

SciTech Connect

This paper is aimed at reviewing the technology trends for wireless power transfer (WPT) for electric vehicles (EV). It also analyzes the factors affecting its efficiency and describes the techniques currently used for its optimization. The review of the technology trends encompasses both stationary and moving vehicle charging systems. The study of the stationary vehicle charging technology is based on current implementations and on-going developments at WiTricity and Oak Ridge National Lab (ORNL). The moving vehicle charging technology is primarily described through the results achieved by the Korean Advanced Institute of Technology (KAIST) along with on-going efforts at Stanford University. The factors affecting the efficiency are determined through the analysis of the equivalent circuit of magnetic resonant coupling. The air gap between both transmitting and receiving coils along with the magnetic field distribution and the relative impedance mismatch between the related circuits are the primary factors affecting the WPT efficiency. Currently the industry is looking at an air gap of 25 cm or below. To control the magnetic field distribution, Kaist has recently developed the Shaped Magnetic Field In Resonance (SMFIR) technology that uses conveniently shaped ferrite material to provide low reluctance path. The efficiency can be further increased by means of impedance matching. As a result, Delphi's implementation of the WiTricity's technology exhibits a WPT efficiency above 90% for stationary charging while KAIST has demonstrated a maximum efficiency of 83% for moving vehicle with its On Line Vehicle (OLEV) project. This study is restricted to near-field applications (short and mid-range) and does not address long-range technology such as microwave power transfer that has low efficiency as it is based on radiating electromagnetic waves. This paper exemplifies Delphi's work in powertrain electrification as part of its innovation for the real world program geared toward a safer, greener and more connected driving. Moreover, it draws from and adds to Dr. Andrew Brown Jr.'s SAE books 'Active Safety and the Mobility Industry', 'Connectivity and Mobility Industry', and 'Green Technologies and the Mobility Industry'. Magnetic resonant coupling is the foundation of modern wireless power transfer. Its efficiency can be controlled through impedance matching and magnetic field shaping. Current implementations use one or both of these control methods and enable both stationary and mobile charging with typical efficiency within the 80% and 90% range for an air gap up to 25 cm.

Miller, John M [ORNL; Rakouth, Heri [Delphi Automotive Systems, USA; Suh, In-Soo [Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology

2012-01-01

417

Technology transfer in a changing national security environment. Final report May-Nov 90  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines U.S. export control, with particular emphasis on technology transfer as it affects our relationship with Japan. It describes the evolution of export control in the United States, including the Bucy Report, the impact of Afghanistan, and policy changes regarding the People's Republic of China. U.S. control mechanisms for critical technology currently in place are described; these include the Export Administration Regulations, the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR), and the Militarily Critical Technologies List (MCTL). The evolution of Japan's technology base and export control mechanisms are discussed, as well as its military capabilities. Japan and the United States have had different philosophies regarding export control, with the United States more likely to use controls as part of its foreign policy. However, U.S. export control policy is increasingly seen as having an important economic security aspect in addition to its national security objectives. Changes in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union have placed the issue of export control in a new perspective. Therefore, the paper also examines in some detail the major developments in the European community which will affect the future technology environment and its relationship to national security. This paper was originally presented at a workshop of the Japan-U.S. Joint Study Group on Trade, Finance and Technology in East-West Economic Relations. A primary purpose of the paper was to enhance mutual understanding between the United States and Japan, and to facilitate the resolution of differences in the technology security arena.

Finkler, R.A.; Boezer, G.L.; Foss, E.J.; Jorstad, N.D.; Ramsbotham, A.J.

1990-12-01

418

Technological requirements of nuclear electric propulsion systems for fast Earth-Mars transfers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent advances in electric propulsion technologies such as magnetoplasma rockets gave a new momentum to the study of nuclear electric propulsion concepts for Mars missions. Some recent works have been focused on very short Earth-to-Mars transfers of about 40 days with high-power, variable specific impulse propulsion systems [1]. While the interest of nuclear electric propulsion appears clearly with regard to the payload mass ratio (due to a high level of specific impulse), its interest with regard to the transfer time is more complex to define, as it depends on many design parameters. In this paper, a general analysis of the capability of nuclear electric propulsion systems considering both criteria (the payload mass ratio and the transfer time) is performed, and the technological requirements for fast Earth-Mars transfers are studied. This analysis has been performed in two steps. First, complete trajectory optimizations have been performed by CNES-DCT in order to obtain the propulsion requirements of the mission for different technological hypotheses regarding the engine technology (specific impulse levels and the throttling capability) and different mission requirements. The methodology used for designing fuel-optimal heliocentric trajectories, based on the Pontryagin's Maximum Principle will be presented. Trajectories have been computed for various power levels combined with either variable or fixed Isp. The second step consisted in evaluating a simpler method that could easily link the main mission requirements (the transfer time and the payload fraction) to the main technological requirements (the specific mass of the power generation system and the structure mass ratio of the whole vehicle, excluding the power generation system). Indeed, for power-limited systems, propulsion requirements can be characterized through the "trajectory characteristic" parameter, defined as the integral over time of the squared thrust acceleration. Technological requirements for the vehicle can then be derived from the propulsion requirements using a simplified performance model designed by Onera [2]. This model yields the optimum vehicle design in terms of the payload mass ratio as well as the theoretical upper limit of the power source's specific mass as a function of the transfer time. Both studies show that the key to very fast Earth-Mars transfers (40 days, or less) is the reduction of the power source specific mass below 1 kg/kW. On-going French studies [3] tend to show that specific masses of nuclear reactors for exploration mission are expected to be much higher, even at very high power levels, so this requirement is unlikely to be met at short or medium term. Finally, a synthesis of these results will outline the performance of a nuclear electric propulsion system for fast Earth-Mars transfer that could be achievable considering "reasonably optimistic" hypotheses for the specific mass of the power generator.

Bérend, N.; Epenoy, R.; Cliquet, E.; Laurent-Varin, J.; Avril, S.

2013-03-01

419

Cryopreservation and delayed embryo transfer-assisted reproductive technology registry and reporting implications.  

PubMed

Clinics performing assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures have collected data via registry and publicly reported pregnancy outcomes for more than 25 years. During this time, the practice of ART has changed considerably with frozen embryo transfer (FET) procedures contributing an increasing proportion of live births. Cycles initiated with the intent of embryo banking for the purpose of fertility preservation have been excluded from these public reports, because pregnancy outcomes are not immediately available. An unintended consequence of the common sense handling of fertility preservation has been that cycles performed with intentional short-term cryopreservation of all embryos for other indications have also been excluded from the report. Over the last few years, cryopreservation with short-term delayed transfer increasingly has been performed for reasons other than fertility preservation. The pregnancy outcomes of these cycles are expected within a reasonable time frame and should be transparently reported. The Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology has collaborated with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to "recapture" these cycles for the public reports. This recapture is done by linking the FET cycles to the stimulation cycles from which the embryos were derived and by changing the labels of the outcome success metrics. Stimulations using ART, initiated for the purpose of transferring embryos within 1 year will be included in the report despite any prospective intent to freeze all eggs or embryos. A positive outcome will be reported when a live birth results from the first embryo transfer following stimulation ("primary transfer"). Linkage of ovarian stimulation and egg-retrieval procedures to FET will also allow development of other success metrics to further benefit fertility patients. PMID:24907917

Doody, Kevin J

2014-07-01

420

Energy efficiency: Policies for technology transfer in Eastern Europe, the Former Soviet Union, and China  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes the energy-efficiency potential in three major regions of the world -- the Former Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and China and discusses policy measures that might stimulate adoption of technologies that constitute that potential. The authors suggest that major gains in energy efficiency are indeed possible, and that capturing this potential would provide a major reduction in future levels of energy-related carbon dioxide emissions. The authors indicate, however, that the requisite technological improvement -- often referred to as technology transfer -- is unlikely without the stimulus of strong policy measures. These measures include the rapid introduction of market mechanisms as well as policy intervention to overcome significant market barriers. Moreover, we observe that strong policies -- heavy taxes and performance standards are becoming increasingly unpopular and problematic, but can be replaced to some extent by incentive, market-pull, and research and development programs.

Chandler, W.U.; Ledbetter, M.R.; Hamburger, J. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Bashmakov, I. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)]|[Center for Energy Efficiencies (CENEf), Moscow (Russian Federation)

1993-10-01

421

Orbit transfer rocket engine technology program: Automated preflight methods concept definition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The possibility of automating preflight engine checkouts on orbit transfer engines is discussed. The minimum requirements in terms of information and processing necessary to assess the engine'e integrity and readiness to perform its mission were first defined. A variety of ways for remotely obtaining that information were generated. The sophistication of these approaches varied from a simple preliminary power up, where the engine is fired up for the first time, to the most advanced approach where the sensor and operational history data system alone indicates engine integrity. The critical issues and benefits of these methods were identified, outlined, and prioritized. The technology readiness of each of these automated preflight methods were then rated on a NASA Office of Exploration scale used for comparing technology options for future mission choices. Finally, estimates were made of the remaining cost to advance the technology for each method to a level where the system validation models have been demonstrated in a simulated environment.

Erickson, C. M.; Hertzberg, D. W.

1991-12-01

422

Orbit transfer rocket engine technology program: Automated preflight methods concept definition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The possibility of automating preflight engine checkouts on orbit transfer engines is discussed. The minimum requirements in terms of information and processing necessary to assess the engine'e integrity and readiness to perform its mission were first defined. A variety of ways for remotely obtaining that information were generated. The sophistication of these approaches varied from a simple preliminary power up, where the engine is fired up for the first time, to the most advanced approach where the sensor and operational history data system alone indicates engine integrity. The critical issues and benefits of these methods were identified, outlined, and prioritized. The technology readiness of each of these automated preflight methods were then rated on a NASA Office of Exploration scale used for comparing technology options for future mission choices. Finally, estimates were made of the remaining cost to advance the technology for each method to a level where the system validation models have been demonstrated in a simulated environment.

Erickson, C. M.; Hertzberg, D. W.

1991-01-01

423

Geothermal technology transfer for direct heat applications: Final report, 1983--1988  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a geothermal technology transfer program, performed by Oregon Institute of Technology's Geo-Heat Center, used to aid in the development of geothermal energy for direct heat applications. It provides a summary of 88 technical assistance projects performed in 10 states for space heating, district heating, green-houses, aquaculture, industrial processing, small scale binary electric power generation and heat pump applications. It describes an inventory compiled for over 100 direct heat projects that contains information on project site, resource and engineering data. An overview of information services is provided to users of the program which includes; advisory, referrals, literature distribution, geothermal technology library, quarterly Bulletin, training programs, presentations and tours, and reporting of activities for the USDOE Geothermal Progress Monitor.

Lienau, P.J.; Culver, G.

1988-01-01

424

The World Wide Web and Technology Transfer at NASA Langley Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC) began using the World Wide Web (WWW) in the summer of 1993, becoming the first NASA installation to provide a Center-wide home page. This coincided with a reorganization of LaRC to provide a more concentrated focus on technology transfer to both aerospace and non-aerospace industry. Use of the WWW and NCSA Mosaic not only provides automated information dissemination, but also allows for the implementation, evolution and integration of many technology transfer applications. This paper describes several of these innovative applications, including the on-line presentation of the entire Technology Opportunities Showcase (TOPS), an industrial partnering showcase that exists on the Web long after the actual 3-day event ended. During its first year on the Web, LaRC also developed several WWW-based information repositories. The Langley Technical Report Server (LTRS), a technical paper delivery system with integrated searching and retrieval, has proved to be quite popular. The NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS), an outgrowth of LTRS, provides uniform access to many logically similar, yet physically distributed NASA report servers. WWW is also the foundation of the Langley Software Server (LSS), an experimental software distribution system which will distribute LaRC-developed software with the possible phase-out of NASA's COSMIC program. In addition to the more formal technology distribution projects, WWW has been successful in connecting people with technologies and people with other people. With the completion of the LaRC reorganization, the Technology Applications Group, charged with interfacing with non-aerospace companies, opened for business with a popular home page.

Nelson, Michael L.; Bianco, David J.

1994-01-01

425

Artificial intelligence and nuclear power. Report by the Technology Transfer Artificial Intelligence Task Team  

SciTech Connect

The Artificial Intelligence Task Team was organized to review the status of Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology, identify guidelines for AI work, and to identify work required to allow the nuclear industry to realize maximum benefit from this technology. The state of the nuclear industry was analyzed to determine where the application of AI technology could be of greatest benefit. Guidelines and criteria were established to focus on those particular problem areas where AI could provide the highest possible payoff to the industry. Information was collected from government, academic, and private organizations. Very little AI work is now being done to specifically support the nuclear industry. The AI Task Team determined that the establishment of a Strategic Automation Initiative (SAI) and the expansion of the DOE Technology Transfer program would ensure that AI technology could be used to develop software for the nuclear industry that would have substantial financial payoff to the industry. The SAI includes both long and short term phases. The short-term phase includes projects which would demonstrate that AI can be applied to the nuclear industry safely, and with substantial financial benefit. The long term phase includes projects which would develop AI technologies with specific applicability to the nuclear industry that would not be developed by people working in any other industry.

Not Available

1985-06-01

426

Solar Electric Propulsion Technologies Being Designed for Orbit Transfer Vehicle Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

There is increasing interest in employing Solar Electric Propulsion (SEP) for new missions requiring transfer from low Earth orbit to the Earth-Moon Lagrange point, L1. Mission architecture plans place the Gateway Habitat at L1 in the 2011 to 2016 timeframe. The Gateway Habitat is envisioned to be used for Lunar exploration, space telescopes, and planetary mission staging. In these scenarios, an SEP stage, or "tug," is used to transport payloads to L1--such as the habitat module, lunar excursion and return vehicles, and chemical propellant for return crew trips. SEP tugs are attractive because they are able to efficiently transport large (less than 10,000 kg) payloads while minimizing propellant requirements. To meet the needs of these missions, a preliminary conceptual design for a general-purpose SEP tug was developed that incorporates several of the advanced space power and in-space propulsion technologies (such as high-power gridded ion and Hall thrusters, high-performance thin-film photovoltaics, lithium-ion batteries, and advanced high-voltage power processing) being developed at the NASA Glenn Research Center. A spreadsheet-based vehicle system model was developed for component sizing and is currently being used for mission planning. This model incorporates a low-thrust orbit transfer algorithm to make preliminary determinations of transfer times and propellant requirements. Results from this combined tug mass estimation and orbit transfer model will be used in a higher fidelity trajectory model to refine the analysis.

Sarver-Verhey, Timothy R.; Hoffman, David J.; Kerslake, Thomas W.; Oleson, Steven R.; Falck, Robert D.

2002-01-01

427

Preliminary Survey Report: Control Technology for Manual Transfer of Chemical Powders at Union Underwear Company, Campbellsville, Kentucky.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Health hazard control methods, work processes, and existing control technologies used in the manual transfer of chemical powders were evaluated at Union Underwear Company (SIC-2322), Campbellsville, Kentucky in May, 1984. The company employed 3900 workers...

F. W. Godbey

1984-01-01

428

Electrical Stimulation Technologies for Wound Healing  

PubMed Central

Objective: To discuss the physiological bases for using exogenously applied electric field (EF) energy to enhance wound healing with conductive electrical stimulation (ES) devices. Approach: To describe the types of electrical currents that have been reported to enhance chronic wound-healing rate and closure. Results: Commercial ES devices that generate direct current (DC), and mono and biphasic pulsed current waveforms represent the principal ES technologies which are reported to enhance wound healing. Innovation: Wafer-thin, disposable ES technologies (wound dressings) that utilize mini or micro-batteries to deliver low-level DC for wound healing and antibacterial wound-treatment purposes are commercially available. Microfluidic wound-healing chips are currently being used with greater accuracy to investigate the EF effects on cellular electrotaxis. Conclusion: Numerous clinical trials described in subsequent sections of this issue have demonstrated that ES used adjunctively with standard wound care (SWC), enhances wound healing rate faster than SWC alone. PMID:24761348

Kloth, Luther C.

2014-01-01

429

Definition of technology development missions for early space station, orbit transfer vehicle servicing. Volume 1: Executive summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Orbital Transfer Vehicle (OTV) servicing study scope, propellant transfer, storage and reliquefaction technology development missions (TDM), docking and berthing TDM, maintenance TDM, OTV/payload integration TDM, combined TDMS design, summary space station accomodations, programmatic analysis, and TDM equipment operational usage are discussed.

1983-01-01

430

"Kaizen" and Technology Transfer Instructors as Work-based Learning Facilitators in Overseas Transplants: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 240 instructors of kaizen (continuous quality improvement) and technology transfer in overseas assignments for Toyota found that commitment to work and corporate cultural values were significant. Instructors recognized the responsibility and challenges of communicating and transferring their know-how across cultures. (SK)

Elsey, Barry; Fujiwara, Asahi

2000-01-01

431

Weapons team engagement trainer: a transfer of high-tech military training technology to the law enforcement community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Six years ago at SPIE, a team of government researchers and engineers unveiled a new, military, weapons team engagement trainer (WTET). At that time, potential applications of this prototype military training device to civilian law enforcement training were realized. Subsequent action was taken under the Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986, enabling the transfer of WTET to the private sector,

Thomas M. Franz; Greg Gonos; Lisa Simek

1999-01-01

432

Introducing economic parameters in industrial flotation dimensionless models used for intra-factory technology transfer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, intra-factory technology transfer is realized by means of scale-up procedures, including the formation of a representative original set of dimensionless groups, when know-how obtained in the laboratory is transferred progressively (in successive steps) into industrial scale. For saving resources (highly skilled manpower, time, materials, energy) a Knowledge Base (KB) is designed/developed to maintain experience in flotation and select relevant information from other Data/Information/Knowledge Bases. Of significant importance is the introduction of economic parameters referring to investment and operation of the industrial unit, thus taking into account the capital and operating cost of output, respectively. We have proved that this introduction causes several problems since new technological dimensions should be also introduced (so that the economic parameters become meaningful) resulting by dimensional analysis to a new solution set that is incompatible to the original one. We solved this problem by keeping the original set and incorporating into it only the new dimensionless groups (eliminating all additional technological dimensions introduced ad hoc).

Batzias, Dimitris; Ifanti, Konstantina

2012-12-01

433

Do Stronger Intellectual Property Rights Increase International Technology Transfer? Empirical Evidence from U. S. Firm-Level Panel Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how technology transfer within U. S. multinational firms changes in response to a series of IPR reforms undertaken by sixteen countries over the 1982-1999 period. Analysis of detailed firm-level data reveals that royalty payments for technology transferred to affiliates increase at the time of reforms, as do affiliate R&D expenditures and total levels of foreign patent applications.

Lee G. Branstetter; Raymond Fisman; C. Fritz Foley

2006-01-01

434

From technology transfer to local manufacturing: China's emergence in the global wind power industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation examines the development of China's large wind turbine industry, including the players, the status of the technology, and the strategies used to develop turbines for the Chinese market. The primary goals of this research project are to identify the models of international technology transfer that have been used among firms in China's wind power industry; examine to what extent these technology transfers have contributed to China's ability to locally manufacture large wind turbine technology; and evaluate China's ability to become a major player in the global wind industry. China is a particularly important place to study the opportunities for and dynamics of clean energy development due to its role in global energy consumption. China is the largest coal consuming and producing nation in the world, and consequently the second largest national emitter of carbon dioxide after only the United States. Energy consumption and carbon emissions are growing rapidly, and China is expected to surpass the US and become the largest energy consuming nation and carbon dioxide emitter in coming decades. The central finding of this dissertation is that even though each firm involved in the large wind turbine manufacturing industry in China has followed a very different pathway of technology procurement for the Chinese market, all of the firms are increasing the utilization of locally-manufactured components, and many are doing so without transferring turbine technology or the associated intellectual property. Only one fully Chinese-owned firm, Goldwind, has succeeded in developing a commercially available large wind turbine for the Chinese market. No Chinese firms or foreign firms are manufacturing turbines in China for export overseas, though many have stated plans to do so. There already exists a possible niche market for the smaller turbines that are currently being made in China, particularly in less developed countries that are looking for less expensive, smaller turbines. These market opportunities, in conjunction with the continued implementation of Chinese government policies that differentially support locally-manufactured turbines, are likely to provide the necessary stimulus for China's domestic wind industry development, and its eventual emergence in the global wind industry.

Lewis, Joanna Ingram

435

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO U.S. INDEPENDENT OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of helping U.S. independent oil and natural gas producers make timely, informed technology decisions. Networking opportunities that occur with a Houston Headquarters (HQ) location are increasing name awareness. Focused efforts by Executive Director Don Duttlinger to interact with large independents, national service companies and some majors are continuing to supplement the support base of the medium to smaller industry participants around the country. PTTC is now involved in many of the technology-related activities that occur in high oil and natural gas activity areas. Access to technology remains the driving force for those who do not have in-house research and development capabilities and look to the PTTC to provide services and options for increased efficiency. Looking forward to the future, the Board, Regional Lead Organization (RLO) Directors and HQ staff developed a 10-year vision outlining what PTTC needs to accomplish in supporting a national energy plan. This vision has been communicated to Department of Energy (DOE) staff and PTTC looks forward to continuing this successful federal-state-industry partnership. As part of this effort, several more examples of industry using information gained through PTTC activities to impact their bottom line were identified. Securing the industry pull on technology acceptance was the cornerstone of this directional plan.

Unknown

2002-05-31

436

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO U.S. INDEPENDENT OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of assisting U.S. independent oil and gas producers make timely, informed technology decisions by providing access to information during Fiscal Year 2002 (FY02). Functioning as a cohesive national organization, PTTC has active grassroots programs through its ten Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs) and three satellite offices that efficiently extend the program reach. They bring research and academia to the table via their association with geological surveys and engineering departments. The regional directors interact with independent oil and gas producers through technology workshops, resource centers, websites, newsletters, various technical publications and other outreach efforts. These are guided by regional Producer Advisory Groups (PAGs), who are area operators and service companies working with the regional networks. The role of the national Headquarters (HQ) staff includes planning and managing the PTTC program, conducting nation wide technology transfer activities, and implementing a comprehensive communications effort. The organization effectively combines federal funding through the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy with state and industry funding to achieve important goals for all of these sectors. This integrated funding base is combined with industry volunteers guiding PTTC's activities and the dedication of national and regional staff to achieve notable results. PTTC is increasingly recognized as a critical resource for information and access to technologies, especially for smaller companies without direct contact with R&D efforts. The DOE participation is managed through the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), which deploys a national natural gas program via the Strategic Center for Natural Gas (SCNG) and a national oil program through the National Petroleum Technology Office (NTPO). This technical progress report summarizes PTTC's accomplishments during FY02. Activities were maintained at recent record levels. Strategic planning from multiple sources within the framework of the organization gives PTTC the vision to have even more impact in the future. The Houston Headquarters (HQ) location has strived to serve PTTC well in better connecting with producers and the service sector. PTTC's reputation for unbiased bottom line information stimulates cooperative ventures with other organizations. Efforts to build the contact database, exhibit at more trade shows and a new E-mail Technology Alert service are expanding PTTC's audience. All considered, the PTTC network has proven to be an effective way to reach domestic producers locally, regionally and nationally.

Unknown

2002-11-01

437

Orbital transfer rocket engine technology 7.5K-LB thrust rocket engine preliminary design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A preliminary design of an advanced LOX/LH2 expander cycle rocket engine producing 7,500 lbf thrust for Orbital Transfer vehicle missions was completed. Engine system, component and turbomachinery analysis at both on design and off design conditions were completed. The preliminary design analysis results showed engine requirements and performance goals were met. Computer models are described and model outputs are presented. Engine system assembly layouts, component layouts and valve and control system analysis are presented. Major design technologies were identified and remaining issues and concerns were listed.

Harmon, T. J.; Roschak, E.

1993-01-01

438

Inexpensive phenol replacements from biomass: An on-going technology transfer effort  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The activities of the Chemical Conversion Research Branch of the United States Department of Energy (DOE) Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) include the production of fuels, chemicals, and materials from renewable resources and wastes. The collaboration of DOE/Office of Industrial Materials Research Consortium (PMRC) is described. This collaboration is based on the conversion of waste wood and bark into an inexpensive phenolic and neutrals (P/N) product through fast pyrolysis and fractionation. The product replaces a substantial fraction of phenol in phenol-formaldehyde thermosetting resins. The technology transfer mechanism is highlighted.

Chum, Helena L.

439

Oswer source book. Volume 2. Training and technology transfer resources, 1994-1995  

SciTech Connect

This edition of The OSWER Source Book builds on the previous versions and provides a descriptive listing of the numerous technology transfer resources available to EPA staff, State and local agencies, and others concerned with hazardous and solid waste management. Volume II lists frequently requested publications issued by the Office of Solid Waste (OSW). Publications are listed in a number of ways -- by title, document number, and subject area -- to facilitate locating a particular item. Publication order forms also are provided at the conclusion of Volume II.

Not Available

1994-09-01

440

Oswer source book, Volume 2. Training and technology transfer resources, 1994-1995  

SciTech Connect

This edition of The OSWER Source Book builds on the previous versions and provides a descriptive listing of the numerous technology transfer resources available to EPA staff, State and local agencies, and others concerned with hazardous and solid waste management. Volume II lists frequently requested publications issued by the Office of Solid Waste (OSW). Publications are listed in a number of ways -- by title, document number, and subject area -- to facilitate locating a particular item. Publication order forms also are provided at the conclusion of Volume II.

Not Available

1994-09-01

441

The International Stripa Project: Technology transfer from cooperation in scientific and technological research on nuclear waste disposal  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Energy Agency of the organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD/NEA) sponsors the International Stripa Project. The objectives of the Stripa Project are to develop techniques for characterizing sites located deep in rock formations that are potentially suitable for the geologic disposal of high-level radioactive wastes and to evaluate particular engineering design considerations that could enhance the long-term safety of a high-level radioactive waste repository in a geologic medium. The purpose of this paper is to briefly summarize the research conducted at Stripa and discuss the ways in which the technology developed for the Stripa Project has been and will be transfered to the United States Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Program`s Yucca Mountain Project. 3 refs., 2 figs.

Levich, R.A. [USDOE Nevada Operations Office, Las Vegas, NV (USA). Yucca Mountain Project Office; Patera, E.S. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA); Ferrigan, P.M. [USDOE Chicago Operations Office, Argonne, IL (USA); Wilkey, P.L. [CER Corp., Argonne, IL (USA)

1990-04-01

442

Learning transfer of geospatial technologies in secondary science and mathematics core areas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the transfer of geospatial technology knowledge and skill presented in a social sciences course context to other core areas of the curriculum. Specifically, this study explored the transfer of geospatial technology knowledge and skill to the STEM-related core areas of science and mathematics among ninth-grade students. Haskell's (2001) research on "levels of transfer" provided the theoretical framework for this study, which sought to demonstrate the experimental group's higher ability to transfer geospatial skills, higher mean assignment scores, higher post-test scores, higher geospatial skill application and deeper levels of transfer application than the control group. The participants of the study consisted of thirty ninth-graders enrolled in U.S. History, Earth Science and Integrated Mathematics 1 courses. The primary investigator of this study had no previous classroom experiences with this group of students. The participants who were enrolled in the school's existing two-section class configuration were assigned to experimental and control groups. The experimental group had ready access to Macintosh MacBook laptop computers, and the control group had ready access to Macintosh iPads. All participants in U.S. History received instruction with and were required to use ArcGIS Explorer Online during a Westward Expansion project. All participants were given the ArcGIS Explorer Online content assessment following the completion of the U.S. History project. Once the project in U.S. History was completed, Earth Science and Integrated Mathematics 1 began units of instruction beginning with a multiple-choice content pre-test created by the classroom teachers. Experimental participants received the same unit of instruction without the use or influence of ArcGIS Explorer Online. At the end of the Earth Science and Integrated Math 1 units, the same multiple-choice test was administered as the content post-test. Following the completion of Earth Science and Integrated Math 1 post-tests, both the experimental and control groups were given geospatial technologies questionnaires. The experimental group's questionnaire asked participants how they used points, the measure tool, and base maps of ArcGIS Explorer Online, while the control group's questionnaire asked participants how they could have used points, the measure tool, and base maps of ArcGIS Explorer Online. The ordinal data gleaned from the questionnaire rubric was analyzed by using the Chi-square statistic. The results showed no statistically significant difference between the experimental and control groups. However, the modest gain in transfer ability among experimental participants is encouraging. Future research using bigger samples and conducted over longer periods of time in more than one school would contribute greatly to the new and important field of geospatial technology and transfer skills.

Nielsen, Curtis P.

443

A proton medical accelerator by the SBIR route: An example of technology transfer  

SciTech Connect

Medical facilities for radiation treatment of cancer with protons have been established in many laboratories throughout the world. Essentially all of these have been designed as physics facilities, however, because of the requirement for protons up to 250 MeV. Most of the experience in this branch of accelerator technology lies in the national laboratories and a few large universities. A major issue is the transfer of this technology to the commercial sector to provide hospitals with simple, reliable, and relatively inexpensive accelerators for this application. The author has chosen the SBIR route to accomplish this goal. ACCTEK Associates have received grants from the National Cancer Institute for development of the medical accelerator and beam delivery systems. Considerable encouragement and help has been received from Argonne National Laboratory and the Department of Energy. The experiences to date and the pros and cons on this approach to commercializing medical accelerators are described. 4 refs., 1 fig.

Martin, R.L.

1988-01-01

444

Role of solar energy research in transferring of technology to Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is blessed with abundant solar energy, which is renewable, clean, and freely available. This paper describes the status of the major research, development, and demonstration (RD and D) activities and achievements at the Energy Research Institute, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, in the field of solar energy. RD and D activities in the Kingdom have confirmed that solar energy has a multitude of practical uses. These include lighting, cooling, cooking, water heating, crop/fruit drying, water desalination, operating irrigation pumps, and meteorological stations, and providing road and tunnel lighting. Furthermore, these solar energy RD and D activities and achievements played a significant role in transferring technology and manpower development in the Kingdom.

Alawaji, S.H.; Hasnain, S.M.

1999-12-01

445

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO U.S. INDEPENDENT OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of helping U.S. independent oil and natural gas producers make timely, informed technology decisions. PTTC's Board made a strategic decision to relocate the Headquarters (HQ) office from Washington, DC to Houston, Texas. Driving force behind relocation was to better connect with independent producers, but cost savings could also be realized. Relocation was accomplished in late December 2000, with the HQ office being fully operational by January 2001. Early indications are that the HQ relocation is, in fact, enabling better networking with senior executives of independents in the Houston oil community. New Board leadership, elected in March 2001, will continue to effectively guide PTTC.

Unknown

2001-05-01

446

System technology analysis of aeroassisted orbital transfer vehicles - Moderate lift/drag  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The utilization of procedures involving aerodynamic braking and/or aerodynamic maneuvering on return from higher altitude orbits to low-earth orbit makes it possible to realize significant performance benefits. The present study is concerned with a number of mission scenarios for Aeroassisted Orbital Transfer Vehicles (AOTV) and the impact of potential technology advances in the performance enhancement of the class of AOTV's having a hypersonic lift to drag ratio (L/D) of 0.75 to 1.5. It is found that the synergistic combination of a hypersonic L/D of 1.2, an advanced cryopropelled engine, and an LH2 drop tank (1-1/2 stage) leads to a single 65,000 pound shuttle, two-man geosynchronous mission with 2100 pounds of useful paylod. Additional payload enhancement is possible with AOTV dry weight reductions due to technology advances in the areas of vehicle structures and thermal protection systems and other subsystems.

Florence, D. E.; Fischer, G.

1983-01-01

447

Overview of ground coupled heat pump research and technology transfer activities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Highlights of DOE-sponsored ground coupled heat pump (GCHP) research at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) are presented. ORNL, in cooperation with Niagara Mohawk Power Company, Climate Master, Inc., and Brookhaven National Laboratory developed and demonstrated an advanced GCHP design concept with shorter ground coils that can reduce installed costs for northern climates. In these areas it can also enhance the competitiveness of GCHP systems versus air-source heat pumps by lowering their payback from 6 to 7 years to 3 to 5 years. Ground coil heat exchanger models (based primarily on first principles) have been developed and used by others to generate less conservative ground coil sizing methods. An aggressive technology transfer initiative was undertaken to publicize results of this research and make it available to the industry. Included in this effort were an international workshop, trade press releases and articles, and participation in a live teleconference on GCHP technology.

Baxter, V. D.; Mei, V. C.

448

Orbit transfer rocket engine technology program. Phase 2: Advanced engine study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In Phase 2 of the Advanced Engine Study, the Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) maintenance-driven engine design, preliminary maintenance plan, and concept for space operable disconnects generated in Phase 1 were further developed. Based on the results of the vehicle contractors Orbit Transfer Vehicle (OTV) Concept Definition and System Analysis Phase A studies, minor revisions to the engine design were made. Additional refinements in the engine design were identified through further engine concept studies. These included an updated engine balance incorporating experimental heat transfer data from the Enhanced Heat Load Thrust Chamber Study and a Rao optimum nozzle contour. The preliminary maintenance plan of Phase 1 was further developed through additional studies. These included a compilation of critical component lives and life limiters and a review of the Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME) operations and maintenance manual in order to begin outlining the overall maintenance procedures for the Orbit Transfer Vehicle Engine and identifying technology requirements for streamlining space-based operations. Phase 2 efforts also provided further definition to the advanced fluid coupling devices including the selection and preliminary design of a preferred concept and a preliminary test plan for its further development.

Erickson, C.; Martinez, A.; Hines, B.

1987-01-01

449

Enhanced heat transfer combustor technology, subtasks 1 and 2, tast C.1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Analytical and experimental studies are being conducted for NASA to evaluate means of increasing the heat extraction capability and service life of a liquid rocket combustor. This effort is being conducted in conjunction with other tasks to develop technologies for an advanced, expander cycle, oxygen/hydrogen engine planned for upper stage propulsion applications. Increased heat extraction, needed to raise available turbine drive energy for higher chamber pressure, is derived from combustion chamber hot gas wall ribs that increase the heat transfer surface area. Life improvement is obtained through channel designs that enhance cooling and maintain the wall temperature at an accepatable level. Laboratory test programs were conducted to evaluate the heat transfer characteristics of hot gas rib and coolant channel geometries selected through an analytical screening process. Detailed velocity profile maps, previously unavailable for rib and channel geometries, were obtained for the candidate designs using a cold flow laser velocimeter facility. Boundary layer behavior and heat transfer characteristics were determined from the velocity maps. Rib results were substantiated by hot air calorimeter testing. The flow data were analytically scaled to hot fire conditions and the results used to select two rib and three enhanced coolant channel configurations for further evaluation.

Baily, R. D.

1986-01-01

450

Report of a Planning Conference for Solar Technology Information Transfer. Jackson, Mississippi, September 7-8, 1978.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This summary of the decisions and recommendations of the Planning Conference for Solar Technology Information Transfer includes a brief discussion of the outline of a functioning solar energy technology network in the State of Mississippi. During the conference, participants recognized current energy information needs and recommended ways to meet…

Graves, Sid F., Jr., Ed.

451

R&D Funding Sources and University Technology Transfer: What Is Stimulating Universities to Be More Entrepreneurial?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, universities have become increasingly entrepreneurial as evidenced by their rapid escalation into technology transfer, the process by which university-developed technologies are commercialized. Stimulated in part by a favorable policy environment for patenting and licensing as well as increased competition for limited resources, university commercially oriented activities are nevertheless risky and controversial. Yet, it is unlikely this trend

Joshua B. Powers

2004-01-01

452

Organisational learning as an antecedent of technology transfer and new product development : A study of manufacturing firms in Malaysia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the influence of organisational learning (comprising absorptive capacity, nature and type of alliances and learning environment) through strategic technology alliances on technology transfer and new product development. The paper is based on a larger research on alliances in the Malaysian manufacturing industry. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The antecedents and outcomes of organisational

Juhaini Jabar; Claudine Soosay; Ricardo Santa

2011-01-01

453

Technology transfer through a network of standard methods and recommended practices - The case of petrochemicals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Technology transfer may take place in parallel with cooperative action between companies participating in the same organizational scheme or using one another as subcontractor (outsourcing). In this case, cooperation should be realized by means of Standard Methods and Recommended Practices (SRPs) to achieve (i) quality of intermediate/final products according to specifications and (ii) industrial process control as required to guarantee such quality with minimum deviation (corresponding to maximum reliability) from preset mean values of representative quality parameters. This work deals with the design of the network of SRPs needed in each case for successful cooperation, implying also the corresponding technology transfer, effectuated through a methodological framework developed in the form of an algorithmic procedure with 20 activity stages and 8 decision nodes. The functionality of this methodology is proved by presenting the path leading from (and relating) a standard test method for toluene, as petrochemical feedstock in the toluene diisocyanate production, to the (6 generations distance upstream) performance evaluation of industrial process control systems (ie., from ASTM D5606 to BS EN 61003-1:2004 in the SRPs network).

Batzias, Dimitris F.; Karvounis, Sotirios

2012-12-01

454

Transforming incomplete fault tree to Ishikawa diagram as an alternative method for technology transfer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) can be used for technology transfer when the relevant problem (called 'top even' in FTA) is solved in a technology centre and the results are diffused to interested parties (usually Small Medium Enterprises - SMEs) that have not the proper equipment and the required know-how to solve the problem by their own. Nevertheless, there is a significant drawback in this procedure: the information usually provided by the SMEs to the technology centre, about production conditions and corresponding quality characteristics of the product, and (sometimes) the relevant expertise in the Knowledge Base of this centre may be inadequate to form a complete fault tree. Since such cases are quite frequent in practice, we have developed a methodology for transforming incomplete fault tree to Ishikawa diagram, which is more flexible and less strict in establishing causal chains, because it uses a surface phenomenological level with a limited number of categories of faults. On the other hand, such an Ishikawa diagram can be extended to simulate a fault tree as relevant knowledge increases. An implementation of this transformation, referring to anodization of aluminium, is presented.

Batzias, Dimitris F.

2012-12-01

455

Reaching for the cloud: on the lessons learned from grid computing technology transfer process to the biomedical community.  

PubMed

Natural scientists such as physicists pioneered the sharing of computing resources, which led to the creation of the Grid. The inter domain transfer process of this technology has hitherto been an intuitive process without in depth analysis. Some difficulties facing the life science community in this transfer can be understood using the Bozeman's "Effectiveness Model of Technology Transfer". Bozeman's and classical technology transfer approaches deal with technologies which have achieved certain stability. Grid and Cloud solutions are technologies, which are still in flux. We show how Grid computing creates new difficulties in the transfer process that are not considered in Bozeman's model. We show why the success of healthgrids should be measured by the qualified scientific human capital and the opportunities created, and not primarily by the market impact. We conclude with recommendations that can help improve the adoption of Grid and Cloud solutions into the biomedical community. These results give a more concise explanation of the difficulties many life science IT projects are facing in the late funding periods, and show leveraging steps that can help overcoming the "vale of tears". PMID:20841902

Mohammed, Yassene; Dickmann, Frank; Sax, Ulrich; von Voigt, Gabriele; Smith, Matthew; Rienhoff, Otto

2010-01-01

456

Scale-up and Technology Transfer of Protein-based Plastic Products  

SciTech Connect

Over the last number of years researchers at ISU have been developing protein based plastics from soybeans, funded by Soy Works Corporation. These materials have been characterized and the processing of these materials into prototype products has been demonstrated. A wide range of net-shape forming processes, including but not limited to extrusion, injection molding and compression molding have been studied. Issues, including technology transfer, re-formulation and product consistency, have been addressed partially during this contract. Also, commercial-scale processing parameters for protein based plastic products were designed, but not yet applicable in the industry. Support in the trouble shooting processing and the manufacturing of protein based plastic products was provided by Iowa State University during the one year contract.

Grewell, David

2008-12-08

457

The use of knowledge-based systems for aerodynamics technology transfer  

SciTech Connect

A knowledge-based system for the transfer of aerodynamics technology is described in this work. The purpose of this system is to familiarize engineering managers or design engineers with state-of-the-art research knowledge. The prototype system developed covers the topic of the diagnosis of a low-speed low-turbulence wind-tunnel design. Through an interactive rule base, the program determines whether a preliminary design is satisfactory. The system also includes a tutorial, which provides a description of the issues that influence design decisions as well as selected references to the literature. If further information is desired, the user can study a specific tunnel component in great detail, moving through levels of knowledge that eventually reach the basic underlying fluid mechanics at a depth that signifies the current research state.

Rodman, L.C.; Nixon, D.; Canning, T.N.; Hughes, J.G.; Bradshaw, P. (Nielsen Engineering and Research, Inc., Mountain View, CA (USA) Ulster Univ. (Northern Ireland) Stanford Univ., CA (USA))

1991-01-01

458

(Solar energy technology transfer, Guatemala City, Guatemala and Tegucigalpa, Honduras, August 20--August 30, 1989)  

SciTech Connect

I travelled to Guatemala City, Guatemala and to Tegucigalpa, Honduras to gather information regarding the possibility of transferring photovoltaic technology for rural household uses in each respective country. Meetings were held with US government officials in each country mission (USAID and the commercial attaches); with utility officials; cooperative managers; and PVO's. The overall response was very positive; two of the electric utilities interviewed would like to begin program design immediately. A coffee cooperative with 38,000 members also expressed a keen interest in putting into place a program similar to the photovoltaic household energy program established in the Dominican Republic. The purpose of the trip was to establish lines of communication with perspective project cooperators; that objective was accomplished.

Waddle, D.B.

1989-09-05

459

Technology transfer from space to earth - The NASA Firefighter's Breathing System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Responding to the recent demand of fire services for a better equipment, NASA has prepared two improved versions of Firefighter's Breathing System (FBS) by taking advantage of the spacesuit design. In the new FBS, the conventional oxygen tube is replaced by a 40% lighter air tube with twice as much pressure. The load is attached to a wide waist belt and distributed on the hips instead of the shoulder, thus making it easier to carry. The two versions of the FBS are essentially the same, the only difference being the capacities of the air tubes. Also the face mask used is smaller, lighter and provides better vision and mobility. The FBS had a notable impact, with the fire departments reporting improved efficiency. Unlike other technology transfer cases, the FBS concept is commercially successful in finding diverse fields of application.

Mclaughlan, P. B.; Anuskiewicz, T.; Keune, F. A.

1976-01-01

460

Essays on the compatibility of increased equality and growth and on technology transfer to Japan  

SciTech Connect

The first two essays of this dissertation examine how increasing the degree of income equality affects growth. The third essay looks at how imported technology affected Japan's growth and income distribution. If greater inequality results in greater saving that leads to greater investment and growth, then increasing inequality promotes growth; this is called the anti-equality argument. If, however, greater equality produces more consumption that drives investment and growth then increasing equality produces growth; this is the pro-equality argument. The pivotal step of the anti-equality view is an increase in saving causes an increase in investment and the pivotal step of the pro-equality view is an increase in consumption causes an increase in investment. After developing a model in which both arguments are nested, the first say determines which pivotal steps fits the data better. The results support the anti-equality mechanism in Thailand and the pro-equality mechanism in the United Kingdom, Sweden, and South Africa. Instead of examining just the saving or consumption link to investment, the second say tests all the assumptions behind the anti and pro- equality arguments. The assumptions are tested using a Two Stage Least Squares procedure on data for Korea between 1963 and 1980. The results support every one of the pro-equality assumptions and disconfirm several of the anti-equality assumptions. In the third essay, estimates of the reduced form equation for the wage bill/profit ratio for Japan indicates that technology transfer had a significant and negative effect on labor's share of income between 1952 and 1981. This effect was twice as large for 1952-1969 when the Japanese government promoted the importation of capital intensive technology as it was in 1970 -1981 when the Japanese government promoted knowledge intensive technology.

Leightner, J.E.

1989-01-01