Note: This page contains sample records for the topic swc technology transfer from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Technology transfer.  

PubMed

Technology transfer has served the field of biomedical engineering well. Although the process is fraught with obstacles and may appear to be a distraction from more important work in the laboratory, application of technology is crucial to the furthering of the field and to public health in general. A given inventor may not want to take over the administrative tasks of protecting IP, developing a regulatory strategy, and developing a business model, and he or she does not necessarily have to; however, the inventor needs to at least know about the strategies and know there are people to turn to for leadership and guidance outside of the laboratory early in the process. And that can be all an inventor wants to do or can do: to simply turn the invention over to someone else and move on to more research in the hopes that the invention will help improve patients' health and perhaps afford the inventor and the research institution some financial reward. However, in turning an invention over completely, an inventor also loses power over how, for whom, and at what price the invention will be offered, and that is a reason to become more informed about the process, to know what you can ask for, and to stand by your invention's side in whatever capacity you are equipped to do so throughout the entire technology transfer process. PMID:20659836

Rutherford, Jesse Jayne

2

Trends in Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Various forms of technology transfer in Europe and North America are discussed including research contracts, cooperative research centers, and personnel transfer. Examples of approaches to technology transfer are given and the establishment of personnel transfer is discussed. Preconditions for successful technology transfer in the future are…

Starnick, Jurgen

1988-01-01

3

The Apollo SWC Experiment: Results, Conclusions, Consequences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Apollo Solar Wind Composition (SWC) experiment was designed to measure elemental and isotopic abundances of the light noble gases in the solar wind, and to investigate time variations in the solar-wind composition. The experiment was deployed on the first five Apollo lunar landing missions. The crews exposed a foil at each of the five landing sites, and solar wind particles were collected for time periods ranging from 77 minutes in July 1969 (Apollo 11) to 45:05 hours in April 1972 (Apollo 16). The foils were returned to Earth, where the collected noble gas particles were analysed in ultra-high vacuum mass spectrometer systems. We briefly describe here the flight hardware, and the technical tests and calibrations. The experimental results were published in various scientific journals, PhD theses and NASA science reports, some of them not readily accessible after three decades. In this paper, therefore, the results obtained by the five experiments on the fluxes of the isotopes of He, Ne and Ar are summarized and discussed, so that averages and variations in solar wind composition can be more easily compared with more recent data, particularly those to be obtained by the Genesis mission. The helium flux determined for the five exposure periods varied by a factor of four, with a time-weighted average of 1.2 × 107 cm-2 s-1. Although the composition varied much less than the He-flux, definite variations were found for the 4He/3He and He/Ne ratios. The weighted average solar wind abundance ratios obtained were 4He/3He = 2350 ± 120, 4He/20Ne = 570 ± 70, 20Ne/22Ne = 13.7 ± 0.3, 22Ne/21Ne = 30 ± 3, 20Ne/36Ar = 49 ± 7 and 36Ar/38Ar =5.4 ± 0.3 (errors correspond to the 2? level). We also measured the flow directions of individual isotopic species. We found that the lunar environment did not significantly affect the solar wind composition measured at the lunar surface, and we conclude that the SWC results are representative of the solar wind prevailing in interplanetary space at the time of the five foil exposures. Finally, we discuss, from today's perspective, some of the implications and conclusions that can be drawn from the SWC results, concerning the Sun and its history, the solar system, the galaxy and the universe.

Geiss, J.; Bühler, F.; Cerutti, H.; Eberhardt, P.; Filleux, Ch.; Meister, J.; Signer, P.

2004-01-01

4

Technology transfer needs assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report summarizes the results of the Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (OSWER) technology transfer needs assessment of FY 1990. This effort extends and updates a 1986 needs assessment conducted for the Superfund program and previous ORD studies on Regional research and technology transfer needs. This is the first time a fully coordinated technology transfer needs assessment has

Kovalick; W. W. Jr

1990-01-01

5

Social perspectives on technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author discusses two books that relate technology transfer to professional communication. Stephen Doheny-Farina (Rhetoric, Innovation Technology: Case Studies in Technology Transfers, MIT Press, 1992) builds an argument for a rhetorical perspective on technology transfer; Frederick Williams and David V. Gibson (Technology Transfer. A Communication Perspective, Sage, 1990) describe the current technology transfer process from a communication perspective. In both

Jane M. Perkins

1993-01-01

6

Technology Transfer at Motorola  

Microsoft Academic Search

While developing a formal software-review process, a working group at Motorola devised a technology-transfer model that is built on process packages, each one targeted to a different user group. Their model allows for tailoring, makes training and consulting widely available, and relies on champions. The approach helps development organizations focus on the technology they really need, devise solutions, and transfer

Victor R. Basili; Michael Daskalantonakis; Robert H. Yacobellis

1994-01-01

7

Making behavioral technology transferable  

PubMed Central

The paucity of transferred behavioral technologies is traced to the absence of strategies for developing technology that is transferable, as distinct from strategies for conducting research, whether basic or applied. In the field of engineering, the results of basic research are transformed to candidate technologies that meet standardized criteria with respect to three properties: quantification, repetition, and verification. The technology of vitrification and storage of nuclear waste is used to illustrate the application of these criteria. Examples from behavior analysis are provided, together with suggestions regarding changes in practice that will accelerate the development and application of behavioral technologies.

Pennypacker, H. S.; Hench, Larry L.

1997-01-01

8

Making behavioral technology transferable.  

PubMed

The paucity of transferred behavioral technologies is traced to the absence of strategies for developing technology that is transferable, as distinct from strategies for conducting research, whether basic or applied. In the field of engineering, the results of basic research are transformed to candidate technologies that meet standardized criteria with respect to three properties: quantification, repetition, and verification. The technology of vitrification and storage of nuclear waste is used to illustrate the application of these criteria. Examples from behavior analysis are provided, together with suggestions regarding changes in practice that will accelerate the development and application of behavioral technologies. PMID:22478284

Pennypacker, H S; Hench, L L

1997-01-01

9

Technology Transfer Issues and a New Technology Transfer Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The following are major issues that should be considered for efficient and effective technology transfer: conceptions of technology, technological activity and transfer, communication channels, factors affecting transfer, and models of transfer. In particular, a well-developed model of technology transfer could be used as a framework for…

Choi, Hee Jun

2009-01-01

10

Technology-Transfer Workshop.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A workshop was held to generate a better understanding of the many diverse factors and steps involved in the technology transfer process. The introductory presentations reviewed relevant theories, addressed the importance of planning for the process, and ...

1982-01-01

11

Technology transfer quality assurance  

SciTech Connect

The results of research conducted at Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the DOE are regularly transferred from the laboratory to the private sector. The principal focus of PNL is on environmental research and waste management technology; other programs of emphasis include molecular science research. The technology transfer process is predicated on Quality to achieve its objectives effectively. Total quality management (TQM) concepts and principles readily apply to the development and translation of new scientific concepts into commercial products. The concept of technology transfer epitomizes the TQM tenet of continuous improvement: always striving for a better way to do things and always satisfying the customer. A successful technology transfer process adds value to society by providing new or enhanced processes, products, and services to government and commercial customers, with a guarantee of product pedigree and process validity. 2 refs.

Hood, F.C.

1991-03-01

12

Desalination Technology Transfer Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A Desalination Technology Transfer Center was established at the West Indies Laboratory of Fairleigh Dickinson University. Surplus equipment from OWRT's facilities in Wilmington, N.C. was moved to St. Croix and installed in specially constructed 30- by 60...

R. Bakish

1978-01-01

13

National Technology Transfer Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Technology Transfer Center (NTTC) "provides access to federal technology information, technology and market assessment services, technology marketing and assistance in finding strategic partners." The purpose of the Center is to help make "commercialization deals happen" by fostering relationships with federal clients, showcasing technologies and facilitating partnerships between clients and US industry. The technologies showcased here have been assessed by a team of market and technology analysts for their commercial potential. This extensive database of technologies, which largely seems to come from NASA, can be searched by keyword or browsed by category, such as medical devices, communications, software, or aerodynamics. NTTC's services and programs that promote business partnerships are described further on this website.

2008-06-11

14

Robotic Technology Evolution and Transfer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A report concerning technology transfer in the area of robotics is presented in vugraph form. The following topics are discussed: definition of technology innovation and tech-transfer; concepts relevant for understanding tech-transfer; models advanced to ...

N. I. Marzwell

1992-01-01

15

NASA Technology Transfer System  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the modern approach of the implementation of Software as a Service (SaaS) for NASA as a way to reduce cost and increase efficiency. The Grid XML Datastore Framework is an extension of SaaS framework based on eXtensible Database technology (XDB). This is implemented to support the Innovative Partnership Program (IPP) for its Technology Transfer System (NTTS) project.

David A. Maluf; Takeshi Okimura; Mohana Gurram

2011-01-01

16

Technology transfer materials — Are we learning the technology of transfer?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process of producing written documents for use in technology transfer or extension is reviewed. Despite a well documented understanding of this process, when recent examples of extension materials are tested against a checklist of best practice of physical attributes (a technology of transfer), a departure is evident. A series of recommendations are made for improving the process. These emphasize

M. R. Velasco; R. Kowalski; J. C. Lowe

1996-01-01

17

Domestic Technology Transfer Program Regulation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Regulation authorizes the DoD Domestic Technology Transfer Program and responds to the requirements of Public Law 96-480, the Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986, and Executive Order 12591. Its purpose is to ensure the full use of the nation's fed...

D. Appler

1988-01-01

18

Multinational Firms and Technology Transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

A developing country may attract foreign direct investment (FDI) for (1) technology transfer that increases local firm profits or for (2) wage premiums that benefit workers. The two never occur together but if the country can attract FDI, it is guaranteed either the technology transfer or the greater pay for workers-although those benefits may not be great enough to make

Saggi; Amy Jocelyn Glass

1999-01-01

19

Strategic Planning of Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using the Ohio Technology Transfer Organization (OTTO) as its primary example, this paper offers a strategic planning perspective on technology transfer and human resources development. First, a brief overview is provided of the maturation of mission priorities and planning processes in higher education in the United States, followed by a…

Groff, Warren H.

20

SHARED TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect

The program established a collaborative process with domestic industries for the purpose of sharing Navy-developed technology. Private sector businesses were educated so as to increase their awareness of the vast amount of technologies that are available, with an initial focus on technology applications that are related to the Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies (Hydrogen) Program of the U.S. Department of Energy. Specifically, the project worked to increase industry awareness of the vast technology resources available to them that have been developed with taxpayer funding. NAVSEA-Carderock and the Houston Advanced Research Center teamed with Nicholls State University to catalog NAVSEA-Carderock unclassified technologies, rated the level of readiness of the technologies and established a web based catalog of the technologies. In particular, the catalog contains technology descriptions, including testing summaries and overviews of related presentations.

GRIFFIN, JOHN M. HAUT, RICHARD C.

2008-03-07

21

International technology transfer and the technology gap  

Microsoft Academic Search

We build a quality ladders product cycle model that explores how the quality of technology transferred through foreign direct investment (FDI) is linked to innovation and imitation when the absorptive capacity of LDCs is limited. Successful imitation of low quality levels makes FDI involving high quality levels possible through reduction of the technology gap. A subsidy to imitation or a

Amy Jocelyn Glass; Kamal Saggi

1998-01-01

22

Transferring behavioral technology across applications.  

PubMed

Application flows naturally from good science, and behavioral toxicology is no exception. Phenomena discovered and procedures developed in behavioral laboratories are being applied on a wide scale in commercial, industrial, and governmental settings. In behavioral toxicology, this transfer of technology has occurred in an ad hoc manner, albeit with a degree of sophistication. The development of technology transfer in other disciplines is instructive. A symposium at the May 2001 meeting of the Behavioral Toxicology Society examined this issue, and some participants provide their contributions here. Henry Pennypacker examines the issue of whether behavioral procedures can meet the demanding standards required to transfer technology to commercial endeavors and concludes that, under some conditions, they can. He notes that the shortage of well-developed and transferred behavioral technologies results from a lack of understanding of the process of technology transfer on the part of behavior analysts. In the field of engineering, the results of basic research are transformed to candidate technologies that meet standardized criteria with respect to three properties: quantification, repetition, and verification. Kent Anger describes the challenging steps in the trail from the laboratory to wide-scale application-steps that are essential for the scaling up of any behavioral technique. Finally, Paul Mele describes the legal background to patenting and copyrighting ideas, a process that behaviorists have rarely used. Together, these topics identify the requirements and warn of the challenges and intricacies that await those who seek to transfer behavioral technology beyond the laboratory. PMID:12972066

Newland, M Christopher; Pennypacker, H S; Anger, W Kent; Mele, Paul

23

Research Applications and Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Issues in technology transfer of inventions created through federally-funded, university-based research are reviewed, and the role of the Patent and Trademarks Amendments Act of 1980 in changing the presumption of title is discussed. (MSE)|

Bremer, Howard W.

1985-01-01

24

Evaluating global technology transfer research performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology transfer is one of the most important fields in research and development of new products and new technology knowledge services, technology transfer also one of key issues in knowledge economics era. This study evaluates the global technology transfer development trend of research for the past sixteen years and provides insights into the characteristics of technology transfer research activities to

James K. C. Chen; Wen-Hong Chiu; Stacy F. L. Kong; Leo Y. T. Lin

2010-01-01

25

Innovative Technology Transfer Partnerships.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) seeks to license its Advanced Tire and Strut Pressure Monitor (TSPM) technology. The TSPM is a handheld system to accurately measure tire and strut pressure and temperature over a wide temperature r...

J. Kohler

2004-01-01

26

Development of subwavelength structure coating (SWC) and its application to imaging lenses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Canon Inc. released the new EF 24mm f/1.4L II USM lens with a subwavelength structure coating (SWC), a new type of high performance anti-reflective coating, in December 2008. The subwavelength structure, which is made from microcrystalline alumina, can be formed on large, curved surfaces using a simple sol-gel process. Furthermore, by inserting a thin-film layer with an intermediate refractive index between the lens and the microcrystalline alumina, it is possible to achieve superior anti-reflection performance matching various lens refractive indexes. This report presents the principles and performance of SWC and describes the application of SWC to imaging lenses.

Okuno, Takeharu

2010-07-01

27

Transporting values by technology transfer.  

PubMed

The introduction of new medical technologies into a developing country is usually greeted with enthusiasm as the possible benefits become an object of great anticipation and provide new hope for therapy or relief. The prompt utilization of new discoveries and inventions by a medical practitioner serves as a positive indicator of high standing in the professional community. But the transfer of medical technology also involves a transfer of concomitant values. There is a danger that, in the process of adopting a particular technology, the user takes for granted the general utility and desirability of the implements and procedures under consideration without recognizing the socio-cultural peculiarities of the adopting country. A sensitivity to the social conditions and cultural traditions is important so that the emergence of new values can be examined critically and the transfer of necessary technology can be effected smoothly. In the Philippines, efforts to boost patronage of transplant technology appear to have overlooked this need for socio-cultural sensitivity. Legislative fiat cannot be used to override deep-seated values. There is a need to be more sensitive to the possible confrontation of values that the transfer of technology brings in order to avoid the erosion of indigenous socio-cultural values and minimize the intrusiveness of beneficial medical technology. PMID:11654773

De Castro, Leonardo D

28

TRIPS, Trade, and Technology Transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

A North-South model of unintentional technology transfer is developed where the stringency of Southern patent protection provides the institutional backdrop for a strategic game in a high-tech goods market. The appropriability regime is set endogenously and combines elements of imperfect Southern patent protection with the protection afforded by market-made Northern technology 'masking.' Less stringent protection of Northern intellectual property can

M. Scott Taylor

1993-01-01

29

Technology Transfer Plan  

SciTech Connect

BPF developed the concept of a mobile, on-site NORM remediation and disposal process in late 1993. Working with Conoco and receiving encouragement born the Department of Energy, Metarie Office, and the Texas Railroad Commission the corporation conducted extensive feasibility studies on an on-site disposal concept. In May 1994, the Department of Energy issued a solicitation for cooperative agreement proposal for, "Development and Testing of a Method for Treatment and Underground Disposal of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM)". BPF submitted a proposal to the solicitation in July 1994, and was awarded a cooperative agreement in September 1995. BPF proposed and believed that proven equipment and technology could be incorporated in to a mobile system. The system would allow BPF to demonstrate an environmentally sound and commercially affordable method for treatment and underground disposal of NORM. The key stop in the BPF process incorporates injection of the dissolved radioactive materials into a water injection or disposal well. Disposal costs in the BPF proposal of July 1995 were projected to range from $1000 to $5000 per cubic yard. The process included four separate steps. (1) De-oiling (2) Volume Reduction (3) Chemical Dissolution of the Radium (4) Injection

None

1998-12-31

30

Technology transfer: There and back  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electric utility companies in the US have a long and successful tradition of providing technical assistance - technology transfer - to their counterparts around the country. For >6 decades, utility managerial staffs have systematically shared data, analytical methods, and experience to improve their power-system engineering activities. In addition, since the earliest years of interconnected operations, electric utilities have provided mutual

W. Jr. McCollam; F. I. Denny

2009-01-01

31

Strategic Directions and Mechanisms in Technology Transfer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An outline summarizing the Working Panel discussion related to strategic directions for technology transfer is presented. Specific topics addressed include measuring success, management of technology, innovation and experimentation in the tech transfer pr...

R. Mackin

1992-01-01

32

The Transfer of Technology to Developing Countries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The theme is the search for an optimum method to transfer technology. Topics include: historical cases of transfer; economic theory as applied to the technological gap concept; a reexamination of the seminal work of Schumpeter and continental scholars, co...

D. L. Spencer A. Woroniak

1966-01-01

33

Federal Laboratory Consortium Technology Transfer Desk Reference  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released this month, the Technology Transfer Desk Reference is a publication of the Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer (FLC). It is a 200-page guide that defines technology transfer, explains why it is important, and discusses how to implement it effectively. Although it is targeted at federal laboratories, other organizations can benefit from the material as well. For instance, certain sections describe "procedures that can be used to identify and transfer technologies from the government sector to the private sector." With technology advancing at the current rate, it is increasingly important to have proper transfer practices to avoid reinventing technologies that already exist.

Federal Laboratory Consortium (U.S.).

2002-01-01

34

Geo energy research and development: technology transfer  

SciTech Connect

Sandia Geo Energy Programs related to geothermal, coal, oil and gas, and synfuel resources have provided a useful mechanism for transferring laboratory technologies to private industry. Significant transfer of hardware, computer programs, diagnostics and instrumentation, advanced materials, and in situ process understanding has occurred through US/DOE supported programs in the past five years. The text briefly reviews the technology transfer procedures and summarizes 32 items that have been transferred and another 20 technologies that are now being considered for possible transfer to industry. A major factor in successful transfer has been personal interactions between Sandia engineers and the technical staff from private industry during all aspects of the technology development.

Traeger, R.K.

1982-03-01

35

Heat transfer science and technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book presents the papers given at a conference on heat transfer. Topics considered at the conference included two-phase flow, freezing, heat flux, natural heat convection, forced heat convection, flow visualization, boiling heat transfer, condensation heat transfer, thermal radiation, heat and mass transfer in porous media, nuclear reaction heat transfer, combustion heat transfer, high-temperature heat transfer, heat exchangers, and industrial

1987-01-01

36

CLINFO -- A Successful Technology Transfer  

PubMed Central

CLINFO, a data management and analysis system for clinical research, was originally developed under NIH sponsorship and then made commercially available. After five years of deployment and support by BBN, the system is being productively utilized by hundreds of investigators in 40 major medical institutions. An ongoing development program has resulted in CLINFO-PLUS, a major reimplementation of the software that brings extensive enhancements to the system. CLINFO is a shining example of the successful transfer of government-sponsored technology into the real world.

Whitehead, Susan F.; Streeter, Martin

1984-01-01

37

Training Technology Transfer Process and Guidelines.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents a set of guidelines for implementing a new training technology in an Army school environment. In an effort to improve the technology transfer process, the Army has established Training Technology Field Activities (TTFAs), a partnershi...

J. D. Baker B. W. Knerr F. L. Hart R. J. Seidel

1987-01-01

38

Reconciling water harvesting and soil erosion control by thoughtful implementation of SWC measures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Soil and water conservation (SWC) structures are largely present in Southeast Spain. Traditionally, SWC structures such as step terraces and earthen check dams were implemented in agricultural fields. They are usually found in semi-arid traditional rainfed agricultural systems that heavily rely on SWC structures to supplement the sparse rainfall. The on-site SWC measures favor water infiltration and reduce water runoff and soil erosion. In the river system (off site), large concrete/gabion check dams have been constructed since the 70's. The analysis of orthophotographs and field survey observations indicate a severe decay of on-site SWC structures in the agricultural area. This has been observed for the Cárcavo catchment (Murcia). The density of step terraces and check dams decreased by 25% between 1956 and 2005. Changes in the agricultural area can be summarized as: (i) rapid expansion of rainfed crops in marginal areas and (ii) mechanization of agriculture associated with frequent tillage operations. It became evident that the high density of SWC structures has now become a nuisance in rainfed orchards that are maintained by regular shallow tillage. We constrained the effects of SWC structures on hydrological connectivity by assessing their functioning during a heavy storm (return period 8.2 yrs in 2006). The percentage of cropland draining directly on the river system without interference of a check dam has increased from 9% in 1956 to 31% in 2005 and 40 % after the storm in November 2006. While there is a strong decrease of traditional SWC structures, several hundred large check dams have been constructed during the last decades in ephemeral streams (Almeria). 36 of them have been investigated in selected Sierras. The volume of sediment retained was found low (mean: 1.4 t ha-1 yr-1). 67% of the variability has been explained by topographical, land use and agricultural activities. After a field survey in 2009, a large majority of check dams located in non-agricultural catchments have been found only partially filled with sediments. Extensive reforestation programs, recovery of natural vegetation (dense matorral) and abandonment of agricultural fields in the Sierras led to a strong reduction of the sediment transport towards the river system. Although the effect of the check dams on the transport of sediment has not been important, the check dams have played a major role in flood control in the area. Our data indicate that thoughtful design of SWC schemes is necessary to reconcile water harvesting, erosion mitigation and flood control. Currently, the erosion hotspots are clearly localized in the agricultural fields, and not in the marginal lands in the Sierras. The combination of on-site and off-site SWC measures in the agricultural areas is highly efficient to reduce fluxes of sediment and surface water.

Bellin, N.; Vanacker, V.; van Wesemael, B.

2012-04-01

39

Mapping the university technology transfer process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transfer of technologies from the universities to the private sector is increasingly regarded as playing a significant role in new business starts, growth of existing businesses, and new job creation. Further, there are monerous models describing the process of technology transfer. Some of the existing models represent this process as a linear progression of steps: from idea generation and technology

Brian Harmon; Alexander Ardishvili; Richard Cardozo; Tait Elder; John Leuthold; John Parshall; Michael Raghian; Donald Smith

1997-01-01

40

Orbit transfer rocket engine technology program  

Microsoft Academic Search

An advanced near term (1990's) space-based Orbit Transfer Vehicle Engine (OTVE) system was designed, and the technologies applicable to its construction, maintenance, and operations were developed under Tasks A through F of the Orbit Transfer Rocket Engine Technology Program. Task A was a reporting task. In Task B, promising OTV turbomachinery technologies were explored: two stage partial admission turbines, high

N. B. Gustafson; T. J. Harmon

1993-01-01

41

Technology transfer: Insider protection workshop  

SciTech Connect

The Safeguards Evaluation Method--Insider Threat, developed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, is a field-applicable tool to evaluate facility safeguards against theft or diversion of special nuclear material (SNM) by nonviolent insiders. To ensure successful transfer of this technology from the laboratory to DOE field offices and contractors, LLNL developed a three-part package. The package includes a workbook, user-friendly microcomputer software, and a three-day training program. The workbook guides an evaluation team through the Safeguards Evaluation Method and provides forms for gathering data. The microcomputer software assists in the evaluation of safeguards effectiveness. The software is designed for safeguards analysts with no previous computer experience. The three-day training program is called the Insider Protection Workshop. The workshop students learn how to use the workbook and the computer software to assess insider vulnerabilities and to evaluate the benefits and costs of potential improvements.

Strait, R.S.; Renis, T.A.

1986-01-01

42

Transfer of technology; communicating helps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How water resources technology and knowledge can or should be transferred has been subject to a number of paradigm shifts. There were shifts between believing that water-users were ignorant to believing in the need to stimulate water-users' participation in water-system design. Participation in design is viewed to enhance water-users' competence in and willingness to maintain water resources infrastructure. However, there are many different parties involved in design, all with different interests and backgrounds. This research therefore focuses on developing a methodology with which water-users, local supporting institutions and researchers could develop a basis for common dialogue when discussing redesign of small water systems. During the development of this methodology discussions between the stakeholders showed that one obstacle towards using the water to its full potential is caused by infrastructural problems that hinder water storage and transportation. Assessment of a water resource should therefore not look only at the (potential) value of water, but also at the (potential) value of the storage and transportation infrastructure that enables use of water. Results so far also show that redesign of water systems to enhance the productivity of water was not necessarily related to the viewed value of water by stakeholders, but to the possibility of stakeholders to invest in or to find ways to stimulate investment in the infrastructure. Thereby it was also concluded that investments in transferring understanding about use and maintenance of the infrastructure means investing in stakeholder communication that enable all stakeholders to express their views about the use of, maintenance of and investment in technology.

Poolman, M. I.

2009-04-01

43

Technology transfer to a Japanese Company  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses licensing negotiations, the use of a Sogo Shosha, the workload of technology transfer and client training, all of which resulted in the successful implementation of the technology and a happy customer.

Brudniak

1984-01-01

44

National Cancer Institute | Technology Transfer Center  

Cancer.gov

The Technology Transfer Center (TTC) of the National Cancer Institute makes it easy for industry and academia to interact and partner with National Institutes of Health laboratories and scientists to support technology development activities.

45

Vertical technology transfer via international outsourcing  

Microsoft Academic Search

To analyze the effect of vertical technology transfer on industrial development in lesser developed countries (LDCs), we develop a model in which the technology transferred to an LDC supplier by a developed country (DC) importer can diffuse to other LDC firms. Surprisingly, even if such diffusion in the LDC market leads to entry into the DC market, it can benefit

Howard Pack; Kamal Saggi

2001-01-01

46

Technology-transfer needs assessment, 1990  

Microsoft Academic Search

The report summarizes the results of the Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (OSWER) Technology Transfer Needs Assessment of FY 1990. The effort extends and updates a 1986 needs assessment conducted for the Superfund program and previous ORD studies on Regional research and technology transfer needs. It encompasses the Superfund (CERCLA), Hazardous Waste (RCRA), and Underground Storage Tank (UST)

J. P. Town; M. B. Deardorff; M. M. Kelly

1990-01-01

47

OVERVIEW OF THE EMPACT TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

An overview of the development of technology transfer products for the EMPACT program was presented. Each EMPACT Technology Transfer product is designed to evaluate and share the lesons learned from the EMPACT projects to ensure the benefits are broadly distributed across the cou...

48

Technology transfer at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) is dedicated to commercializing new technology in such fields as advanced materials, biotechnology, and electronics. Technology transfer between national laboratories and the industrial community is important in maintaining America's competitive edge. This document examines opportunities to establish working relationships with LBL. Streamlined methods for technology transfer are available with the aid of the Technology Transfer Department and the Patent Department at LBL. Research activities at LBL are concentrated in three major program areas: Energy Sciences, General Sciences, and Biosciences. Each program area consists of three research divisions. LBL welcomes both requests for information and proposals to conduct research.

Johnson, D. (ed.)

1992-09-01

49

Technology transfer at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) is dedicated to commercializing new technology in such fields as advanced materials, biotechnology, and electronics. Technology transfer between national laboratories and the industrial community is important in maintaining America`s competitive edge. This document examines opportunities to establish working relationships with LBL. Streamlined methods for technology transfer are available with the aid of the Technology Transfer Department and the Patent Department at LBL. Research activities at LBL are concentrated in three major program areas: Energy Sciences, General Sciences, and Biosciences. Each program area consists of three research divisions. LBL welcomes both requests for information and proposals to conduct research.

Johnson, D. [ed.

1992-09-01

50

Distinguishing Between Knowledge Transfer and Technology Transfer Activities: The Role of Key Organizational Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge transfer and technology transfer are often used interchangeably and while both knowledge transfer and technology transfer are highly interactive activities, they serve different purposes. Knowledge transfer implies a broader, more inclusive construct that is directed more toward understanding the \\

Shanthi Gopalakrishnan; Michael D. Santoro

2004-01-01

51

Opportunity recognition in technology transfer organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The task of recognizing valuable technological opportunities is crucial for the organizations in charge of transferring technology\\u000a from universities and publicly funded research institutes to the market. Difficulties in understanding the true commercial\\u000a potential of an application result in failed subsequent commercialization and excess costs of technology transfer. This paper\\u000a describes how the task of opportunity recognition is performed in

Chiara Franzoni

2007-01-01

52

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER IN THE TRANSIT INDUSTRY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The unprecedented advances taking place in the technology industries (computer, electronics, telecommunications) can benefit the transit industry by enabling safer, cleaner, and more reliable transit vehicles; easier maintenance; better customer service; and faster and more efficient scheduling and operations. Without an effective technology transfer (T2) process, however, the technologies may not reach the proper audience in the transit organization, or

Yuko Nakanishi; Ossama Elrahman

2000-01-01

53

A Board's Primer on Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides an overview of technology transfer issues and discusses ways in which trustees can help ensure that academic mission is balanced with valuable opportunities for taking campus research to the marketplace. (EV)|

Remington, Michael J.

2002-01-01

54

[Technology transfer of building materials by ECOMAT  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the plan for technology transfer of building materials developed by ECOMAT to the commercial private sector. Some of the materials are briefly discussed like foams, fiber reinforcement, fly ash development, and polymer fillers.

NONE

1996-01-01

55

MIUS Program Evaluation and Technology Transfer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The HUD modular integrated utility systems (MIUS) program was the focus of a 1 - year evaluation and technology transfer study by Mathematica, Inc. The study objectives were to evaluate program performance, identify problem areas, recommend new directions...

J. A. Orlando A. B. Shostak

1976-01-01

56

Why Does Technology Transfer Fail? Two Technology Transfer Projects from Peronist Argentina  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the vast research on the effective- ness of technology transfer or the adsorptive capacity of the nation, society, or firm receiving the technology, little is known about the nature of the failure of technology transfer. When failure does occur, it is too often diagnosed in absolute terms, without delving into the possibilities of particular instances of success obscured by

Jonathan D. Hagood

2006-01-01

57

Targeted Technology Transfer to US Independents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) was established by domestic crude oil and natural gas producers, working in conjunction with the Independent Petroleum Association of America (IPAA), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and selected universities, in 1994 as a national not-for-profit organization. Its goal is to transfer Exploration and Production (E&P) technology to the domestic upstream petroleum industry, in

E. Lance Cole

2009-01-01

58

Technology Transfer: Creating the Right Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Small and medium-sized enterprises are considered to be the backbone of many European economies and a catalyst for economic growth. Universities are key players in encouraging and supporting economic growth through technology and knowledge-related transfer. The right environment to foster transfer is a proactive culture. (Contains 22 references.)…

McCullough, John M.

2003-01-01

59

Communications: technology transfer in the developed world  

Microsoft Academic Search

Support for research is increasingly dependent upon the results of that research having relevance to society's needs and public benefits. This increases pressure to move research results out of the laboratory and into the user's hands. To facilitate this, a variety of technology transfer mechanisms have evolved to facilitate transfer of knowledge and processes. These mechanisms, in addition to their

K. Darwin Murrell

1996-01-01

60

Organization and technology in knowledge transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge transfer is recognized as a fundamental issue for organizations. This research aims at investigating the knowledge transfer process, and finding out the most efficient and effective strategies to support it. Particularly, the research is focused on studying support strategies based on the use of technology. The paper proposes a model that describes both knowledge acquisition and practice. The model

V. Albino; A. C. Garavelli; M. Gorgoglione

2004-01-01

61

Multinational Firms and Technology Transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

We construct an oligopoly model in which a multinational firm has a superior technology compared to local firms. Workers employed by the multinational acquire knowledge of its superior technology. The multinational may pay a wage premium to prevent local firms from hiring its workers and thus gaining access to their knowledge. In this setting, the host government has an incentive

Amy Jocelyn; Kamal Saggi

2002-01-01

62

TARGETED TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO US INDEPENDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of assisting U.S. independent oil and gas producers with timely, informed technology decisions during Fiscal Year 2004 (FY04). PTTC has active grassroots programs through its 10 Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs) and 2 satellite offices. They bring research and academia to the table via their association with geological surveys and engineering

Donald F. Duttlinger; E. Lance Cole

2005-01-01

63

Perspectives to Transfer SE Technology to Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Universities and research centers have a decisive role in the human resources formation, in offering consulting and training services and producing scientific papers. However, we have been failing in the SE technology transfer to the industry. One of the possible reasons of this difficulty is our inefficiency to convince software practitioners of the benefits of technologies developed in academia. This

Luís Felipe Santos Silva; Guilherme Horta Travassos

64

Technology transfer, a two-way street  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology transfer through the Pollution Prevention & Control Conferences, which have been cosponsored by the Environmental Protection Agency and by the professional societies of industry, greatly improved the environmental projects of the Department of Energy at Savannah River Site (SRS) in the mid-1980`s. Those technologies, used in the liquid effluent treatment of the metal finishing liquid effluents from aluminum cleaning

1994-01-01

65

Targeted Technology Transfer to US Independents  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) was established by domestic crude oil and natural gas producers in 1994 as a national not-for-profit organization to address the increasingly urgent need to improve the technology-transfer process in the U.S. upstream petroleum industry. Coordinated from a Headquarters (HQ) office in Houston, PTTC maintains an active grassroots program executed by 10 Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs) and two satellite offices (Figure 1). Regional Directors interact with domestic oil and gas producers through technology workshops, resource centers, websites, newsletters, technical publications and cooperative outreach efforts. HQ facilitates inter-regional technology transfer and implements a comprehensive communications program. Active volunteers on the National Board and in Producer Advisory Groups (PAGs) in each of the 10 regions focus effort in areas that will create the most impact for domestic producers. Focused effort by dedicated individuals across the country has enabled PTTC to achieve the milestones outlined in Appendix A.

Donald F. Duttlinger; E. Lance Cole

2006-09-29

66

Technology transfer, evaluation, and partnerships. Transportation research record  

SciTech Connect

;Contents: Overcoming Communication Barriers to Effective Technology Transfer; Technology Transfer Program at California-Baja California International Border; Technology Transfer in Western Rural Areas; Highway Innovative Technology Evaluation Center: Collaborating To Expedite Introduction of Innovative Technologies; and Prospects for Progressing Research Through Partnership: Comment on Trends in the United Kingdom and the Technology Foresight Program.

NONE

1996-12-31

67

Software Engineering as Technology Transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose, as a challenge to the software engineer- ing research community, a new view of software engineer- ing as technology transition. In this view, the role of soft- ware engineering is to take the initial results of theorists and harden these results to the point where they are ready to be used in fielded, commercial systems. Current tech- niques

Daniel E. Cooke; Jason Denton

2003-01-01

68

Regulation of technology transfer by multinational corporations  

SciTech Connect

This study examines the changing terms and organizational forms of technology transfer by MNCs within the pharmaceutical industry in Latin American countries. Host government regulation was able to attract entries by MNCs and reduce their level of direct contractual costs for transfers, but also encouraged more unregulated internal transmission within MNC organizations. The internalization of imperfect markets for intangible marketing and technological advantages avoided stricter host regulations, but simultaneously increased policy conflicts with governments. The process of technology transfer by MNCs became more politicized and negotiable in the industry during the 1970s. The costs of transfers were determined more by organizational and bargaining power factors than by economic processes. Government regulation reduced royalty payments and restrictive business practices in technology licensing agreements, but host nations were still dependent on imports and new products from MNCs. The bargaining position of host governments improved as competition among oligopolistic MNCs increased and pharmaceutical technology matured. More investments in local raw material manufacturing were stimulated, and internal transfer pricing manipulation was reduced by government regulations.

Clarry, J.W.

1986-01-01

69

Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing Technology Transfer and Training Initiative (ECMT3I) Technology Transfer Model Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing Technology Transfer and Training Initiative (ECMT3I) is a cooperative effort among education and research institutions in New Mexico to analyze problems in transferring environmental technologies from Department of Energy laboratories to small and medium enterprises (SME's). The goal of the ECMT3I is to…

Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM.

70

Clean Cast Steel Technology - Machinability and Technology Transfer  

SciTech Connect

There were two main tasks in the Clean Cast Steel Technology - Machinability and Technology Transfer Project. These were (1) determine the processing facts that control the machinability of cast steel and (2) determine the ability of ladle stirring to homogenize ladle temperature, reduce the tap and pouring temperatures, and reduce casting scrap.

C. E. Bates; J. A. Griffin

2000-05-01

71

Technology Transfer and Commercialization Annual Report 2008  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is a Department of Energy (DOE) multi-program national laboratory that conducts research and development in all DOE mission areas. Like all other federal laboratories, INL has a statutory, technology transfer mission to make its capabilities and technologies available to all federal agencies, to state and local governments, and to universities and industry. To fulfill this mission, INL encourages its scientific, engineering, and technical staff to disclose new inventions and creations to ensure the resulting intellectual property is captured, protected, and made available to others who might benefit from it. As part of the mission, intellectual property is licensed to industrial partners for commercialization, creating jobs and delivering the benefits of federally funded technology to consumers. In other cases, unique capabilities are made available to other federal agencies or to regional small businesses to solve specific technical challenges. In other interactions, INL employees work cooperatively with researchers and other technical staff of our partners to further develop emerging technologies. This report is a catalog of selected INL technology transfer and commercialization transactions during this past year. The size and diversity of INL technical resources, coupled with the large number of relationships with other organizations, virtually ensures that a report of this nature will fail to capture all interactions. Recognizing this limitation, this report focuses on transactions that are specifically authorized by technology transfer legislation (and corresponding contractual provisions) or involve the transfer of legal rights to technology to other parties. This report was compiled from primary records, which were readily available to the INL’s Office of Technology Transfer & Commercialization. The accomplishments cataloged in the report, however, reflect the achievements and creativity of the highly skilled researchers, technicians, support staff, and operators of the INL workforce. Their achievements and recognized capabilities are what make the accomplishments cataloged here possible. Without them, none of these transactions would occur.

Michelle R. Blacker

2008-12-01

72

Technology Transfer in Schools: From Research to Innovation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the peculiarity of information technology transfer in schools as opposed to the transfer of technology in companies. Central problems of educational technology transfer are indicated. A typology of approaches to the transfer of technology from research to school is discussed, and a table shows actors and actions at different stages in…

Bottino, Rosa Maria; Forcheri, Paola; Molfino, Maria Teresa

1998-01-01

73

Educational Implications of University-Industry Technology Transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

A considerable amount has been written concerning the effect technology transfer has on openness in science, as well as whether technology transfer encourages a shift from basic to applied research. By contrast, little has been written concerning the impact technology transfer has on education. This essay addresses this gap by examining the potential that technology transfer has for affecting the

Paula E Stephan

2001-01-01

74

Educational Implications of University–Industry Technology Transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

A considerable amount has been written concerning the effect technology transfer has on openness in science, as well as whether technology transfer encourages a shift from basic to applied research. By contrast, little has been written concerning the impact technology transfer has on education. This essay addresses this gap by examining the potential that technology transfer has for affecting the

Paula E. Stephan

2001-01-01

75

Perceived Impacts of Government Regulations on Technology Transfers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the effects of government regulation on the technology transfer process. Technology transfer is an important component of an economic development effort in communities, states, and nations. Understanding the process used to transfer technology is needed to promote policies that develop an effective infrastructure to encourage technology transfer. This paper uses qualitative and quantitative methodologies to examine managerial

Marina Onken; Caroline Fisher; Jing Li

2005-01-01

76

Technology transfer in the petrochemical industry  

SciTech Connect

The paper deals with the development of the Japanese petrochemical industry from the 1950s through the 1960s solely from the standpoint of the process of technology transplantation. The Japanese petrochemical industry in this period is interesting as it relates to technology transfer to Japan because: (1) It was an industry at the core of the heavy and chemical industries, which were an important pillar of Japan's industrial policy; (2) It was a new technical field with no past history; and (3) Unraveling of technology was successfully pursued, with the result that Japan became a petrochemical technology-exporting country in the 1960s.

Tanaka, M.

1994-01-01

77

Communications: technology transfer in the developed world.  

PubMed

Support for research is increasingly dependent upon the results of that research having relevance to society's needs and public benefits. This increase pressure to move research results out of the laboratory and into the user's hands. To facilitate this, a variety of technology transfer mechanisms have evolved to facilitate transfer of knowledge and processes. These mechanisms, in addition to their implied benefits for the researchers and the user, often have certain consequences which are unanticipated and cause transfer to fail or not meet expectations. Foremost, cultural change on the part of both private organizations and public laboratories is probably necessary to allow effective partnerships. Coupled with the transfer of knowledge is the opportunity to more effectively explain to society the benefits it receives for its investments in research. Such communication has not been especially successful for veterinary parasitology. However, the revolution in communication (e.g. rise of mass media, computer networks) presents new opportunities to parasitologists to more effectively communicate both technology and knowledge directly to the users, and also to inform supporters, policy-makers and the general public of the relevance and importance of veterinary parasitology in improving society's well-being. This review will discuss these new instruments of communication, the need to construct better messages, the benefits of technology transfer and the various means to meet the challenges associated with transferring research innovation to the user and the marketplace. PMID:8893468

Murrell, K D

1996-08-01

78

Technology transfer at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

Transferring technology to the private sector to help improve the competitiveness of key US industries is now an official mission of the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) defense program national laboratories. We believe that national laboratories can play an important role in addressing US industrial competitiveness. Sandia is seeking to match laboratory strengths with industry-defined market needs in targeted industrial sectors. Sandia, like other national and federal laboratories, is developing an aggressive technology transfer program. This paper provides a brief review of our program and provides a snap-shot of where we are at today.

Allen, M.S.; Arvizu, D.E.

1993-10-01

79

PNNL wins Four Technology Transfer Awards  

SciTech Connect

PNNL wins 4 Technology Transfer Awards Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has received four 2006 Excellence in Technology Transfer Awards from the Federal Laboratory Consortium - a nationwide network of more than 700 major federal laboratories and centers as well as their parent departments and agencies that provides a forum to develop strategies and opportunities for linking technology with the mission and the marketplace. The FLC presents its Awards for Excellence in Technology Transfer to federal laboratory employees who have done outstanding work in transferring U.S. government-sponsored technologies to the public and private sectors. Since 1984, when the awards program was established, Pacific Northwest has earned 62 of these awards, far more than any other national laboratory. This year, PNNL won all four of the nominations that were submitted--the most that any laboratory can submit. PNNL was recognized for transferring technologies that treat and cure cancer, uniquely analyze massive sets of data, increase surgical implant success rates, and neutralize toxic chemicals from the environment. Through collaboration with PNNL researchers and access to facilities at PNNL, IsoRay Medical, Inc. (http://www.isoray.com), expanded its brachytherapy technology for treating prostate and other cancers. The medical isotope ?seed? products are available at more than 17 implant centers nationwide. More than 40 organizations, including Fortune 500 companies, are using the Starlight information visualization software to mine and interpret massive amounts of data. Bacterin International licensed bioactive thin-film coatings which reduce infection rates associated with surgical implants. Self-Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Silica (SAMMS), a process for removing mercury and other toxic chemicals from the environment, was licensed to Steward Advanced Materials for use in coal-fired power plants, municipal incinerators, and other plants.

Fisher, Julie A.; McMakin, Andrea H.

2006-06-01

80

Technology transfer trends in Indian space programme  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Indian space programme, whose objectives involve acceleration of economic and social development through applications of space technology, has been engaged in the development of state-of-the-art satellite systems, launch vehicles and equipment necessary for applications. Even during the early phase of evolution of this Programme, deliberate policies have been adopted by the national space agency, namely, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), to promote spin-off benefit from the technologies developed for the use of space projects. Consistently adhering to this policy, ISRO has transferred over 280 technologies till date, spanning a wide spectrum of disciplines. This has resulted in a fruitful two-way cooperation between a number of SMEs and the ISRO. In order to make the technology transfer process effective, ISRO has adopted a variety of functional and organizational policies that included awareness building measures, licensee selection methods, innovative contract systems, diverse transfer processes, post licencing services and feedback mechanisms. Besides analyzing these policies and their evolution, the paper discusses various models adopted for technology transfer and their impact on assessment. It also touches upon relevant issues relating to creating interface between public funded R&D and the private commercial enterprises. It suggests few models in which international cooperation could be pursued in this field.

Sridhara Murthi, K. R.; Shoba, T. S.

2010-10-01

81

A typology of project-level technology transfer processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a conceptual typology of inward technology transfer (ITT), which explicitly considers technology transfer at the project, rather than the firm, level of analysis. Building on extant technology management literature and the organizational theories of information processing and interdependence, we carefully characterize the three dimensions of the typology: the technology uncertainty of the technology that is transferred, the

Gregory N. Stock; Mohan V. Tatikonda

2000-01-01

82

48 CFR 970.2770 - Technology Transfer.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

48 Ç Federal Acquisition Regulations System Ç 5 Ç 2012-10-01 Ç 2012-10-01 Ç false Ç Technology Transfer. Ç 970.2770 Ç Section 970.2770 Ç Federal Acquisition Regulations System Ç DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Ç AGENCY SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS Ç DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Ç Patents, Data,...

2012-10-01

83

48 CFR 970.2770 - Technology Transfer.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

48 Ç Federal Acquisition Regulations System Ç 5 Ç 2011-10-01 Ç 2011-10-01 Ç false Ç Technology Transfer. Ç 970.2770 Ç Section 970.2770 Ç Federal Acquisition Regulations System Ç DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Ç AGENCY SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS Ç DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Ç Patents, Data,...

2011-10-01

84

Toward meta research on technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology transfer (TT) literature has grown exponentially during the 25 years up to 1990. As in most emerging fields the literature is quite disjointed. It is especially so in TT because of the cross-disciplinary nature of the field. Although a number of taxonomies have been proposed most are by and for a specific discipline, e.g., economics or sociology. The authors

Liming Zhao; Arnold Reisman

1992-01-01

85

Benchmarking construction technology transfer in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – In an attempt to better diagnose the health of international construction technology transfer (TT) ventures and ultimately improve rates of TT, this paper promotes benchmarking as a tool for measuring baseline and future performance across a wide range of TT perspectives. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Utilizing the results from a questionnaire survey of 162 construction industry professionals from Thailand, a

Rodney A. Stewart; Tanut Waroonkun

2007-01-01

86

NASA Technology Transfer System: Under the hood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the modern approach of the implementation NASA Technology Transfer System as a Software as a Service (SaaS) for NASA as a way to reduce cost and increase efficiency. To accommodate scalability and flexibility, a private cloud called XML Datastore (XD) is used as the foundation to provide a SaaS framework. This is implemented to support three verticals,

David Maluf; Mohana Gurram; Tek Okimura

2012-01-01

87

Support and Technology Transfer: Results and Accomplishments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

FMTF Staff members interacted under this project with the Government, Industry and Academic Partners of the CORANET II program to facilitate technology transfer and support. The Staff has been involved in the ration ManTech program since its inception in ...

H. B. Bruins

2009-01-01

88

Technology Transfer Directory of People, 1977.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The directory contains a list of persons interested in the process of technology transfer. The names appearing are indexed in alphabetical order, alphabetical by state/country and by ascending occupational codes. To the right of each name appears the pers...

N. Montanarelli J. A. Jolly J. W. Creighton

1977-01-01

89

Technology transfer and commercialization of in situ vitrification technology  

SciTech Connect

In situ vitrification (ISV) technology was conceived and an initial proof-of-principle test was conducted in 1980 by Battelle Memorial Institute for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) at Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). The technology was rapidly developed through bench, engineering pilot, and large scales in the following years. In 1986, DOE granted rights to the basic ISV patent to Battelle in exchange for a commitment to commercialize the technology. Geosafe Corporation was established as the operating entity to accomplish the commercialization objective. This paper describes and provides status information on the technology transfer and commercialization effort.

Williams, L.D. (Battelle-Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)); Hansen, J.E. (Geosafe Corp., Kirkland, WA (United States))

1992-01-01

90

Technology transfer hub for pandemic influenza vaccine.  

PubMed

Increase of influenza vaccine production capacity in developing countries has been identified as an important element of global pandemic preparedness. Nevertheless, technology transfer for influenza vaccine production to developing country vaccine manufacturers has proven difficult because of lack of interested technology providers. As an alternative to an individual provider-recipient relationship, a technology and training platform (a "hub") for a generic non-proprietary process was established at a public sector European manufacturer's site. The conditions for setting up such a platform and the potential applicability of this model to other biologicals are discussed. PMID:19022316

Friede, M; Serdobova, I; Palkonyay, L; Kieny, M P

2008-11-18

91

Technology transfer to Saudi Arabia petrochemical industry experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Saudi Arabia sought transferring petrochemical technology. The transfer aims to reduce the country's dependence on oil and to utilize national resources more efficiently. To investigate the factors affecting the transfer, conditions related to the technology in question and the receiving entity are analyzed. Multinational corporations play a major role in the transfer process. The research shows that joint venture transfers

A. A. K

1987-01-01

92

Technology Transfer to China through Foreign Direct Investment  

Microsoft Academic Search

YOUNG S. and LAN P.(1997) Technology transfer to China through foreign direct investment, Reg. Studies 31, 669?679. This paper examines the current problems in transferring technology into China through FDI. Empirical evidence shows that the extent of technology transfer is fairly limited but at the level expected given China's developing country status and technological capacities. Given the size and growth

Stephen Young; Ping Lan

1997-01-01

93

Product Technology Transfer in the Upstream Supply Chain  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses the transfer of new product technologies from outside the firm for integration into a new product system as part of a product development effort. Product technology transfer is a key activity in the complex process of new product development and is the fundamental link in the technology supply chain. Product technology transfer too often is dealt with

Mohan V. Tatikonda; Gregory N. Stock

2003-01-01

94

Communication and Cultural Change in University Technology Transfer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Faculty culture and communication networks are pivotal components of technology transfer on university campuses. Universities are focused upon diffusing technology to external clients and upon building structure and support systems to enhance technology transfer. However, engaging faculty members in technology transfer requires an internal…

Wright, David

2013-01-01

95

Researcher mobility and technology transfers: How 'patriotic' are university scientists?  

Microsoft Academic Search

University technology transfer has attracted considerable attention in the literature with a focus on the institutions, the agents involved in technology commercialization or the differentiation between formal and informal technology transfer mechanisms. There has, however, been little systematic research on the trajectories of technology transfers with regard to the individual scientist and his or her international mobility. In order to

Jakob Edler; Heide Fier; Christoph Grimpe

96

Technology transfer in the national laboratories  

SciTech Connect

The title of this paper might unfairly provoke readers if it conjures up visions of vast stores of high-tech gadgets in several hundred technology warehouses'' (also known as federal laboratories) around the country, open for browsing by those in search of a bargain. That vision, unfortunately, is a mirage. The term technology transfer'' is not really as accurate as is the term technology team-work,'' a process of sharing ideas and knowledge rather than widgets. In addition, instead of discussing the efforts of more than 700 federal labs in the US, I mean to address only those nine government-owned, contractor-operated multiprogram labs run by the Department of Energy. Nevertheless, the topic of technology team-work opportunities with DOE multiprogram national lab is of significance to those concerned with increasing economic competitiveness and finding technological solutions to a host of national problems. A significant fraction of US R D capabilities rests in the nine DOE multiprogram national laboratories -- and these labs have only just begun to join the other federal laboratories in these efforts due to the passage and recent implementation of the National Competitiveness Technology Transfer Act of 1989.

Yonas, G.

1991-08-01

97

MHD technology transfer, integration, and review committee  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of Task 8 of the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Integrated Topping Cycle (ITC) project, TRW was given the responsibility to organize, charter and co-chair, with the Department of Energy (DOE), an MHD Technology Transfer, Integration and Review Committee (TTIRC). The TTIRC consists of an Executive Committee (EC) which acts as the governing body, and a General Committee (GC), also referred to as the main or full committee, consisting of representatives from the various POC contractors, participating universities and national laboratories, utilities, equipment suppliers, and other potential MHD users or investors. The purpose of the TTIRC is to: (1) review all Proof-of-Concept (POC) projects and schedules in the national MHD program; to assess their compatibility with each other and the first commercial MHD retrofit plant; (2) establish and implement technology transfer formats for users of this technology; (3) identify interfaces, issues, and funding structures directly impacting the success of the commercial retrofit; (4) investigate and identify the manner in which, and by whom, the above should be resolved; and (5) investigate and assess other participation (foreign and domestic) in the U.S. MHD Program. There are seven sections: introduction; Executive Committee and General Committee activity; Committee activities related to technology transfer; ongoing POC integration activities being performed under the auspices of the Executive Committee; recommendations passed on to the DOE by the Executive Committee; Planned activities for the next six months.

1990-05-01

98

Performance Assessment of an Under Sampling SWC Receiver for Simulated High-Bandwidth GPS\\/Galileo Signals and Real Signals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper proposes an overall design and a tracking channel structure for a genuine software correlator (SWC) receiver running on a conventional PC. The distinctive new features of the tracking channel structure are that it runs with sample rates below the Nyquist rate, allows the use of arbitrary code and phase reference tracking functions (e.g. early minus late, Strobe, …)

T. Pany; S. W. Moon; M. Irsigler; B. Eissfeller; K. Fürlinger

2003-01-01

99

MHD Technology Transfer, Integration and Review Committee  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This fifth semi-annual status report of the MHD Technology Transfer, Integration, and Review Committee (TTIRC) summarizes activities of the TTIRC during the period April 1990 through September 1990. It includes summaries and minutes of committee meetings, progress summaries of ongoing Proof-of-Concept (POC) contracts, discussions pertaining to technical integration issues in the POC program, and planned activities for the next six months.

1992-01-01

100

Commentary on technology transfer to law enforcement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Florida Department of Law Enforcement is currently participating in multiple national projects to assess the needs of law enforcement, as related to electronic surveillance. The purpose of these projects is to articulate those needs and concerns, from a state and local perspective, to the respective industries and provide support for federal legislation requiring industry to include law enforcement needs when designing and implementing or transferring new technology to public or commercial use.

Tudor, Ron P.

1994-03-01

101

Key Characteristics in the Choice of International Technology Transfer Mode  

Microsoft Academic Search

The choice between licensing and direct investment as a vehicle for international technology transfer is hypothesized to be related to characteristics of the individual technology, parent corporation, and the host country involved in the transfer. A set of hypotheses regarding these relationships are developed and tested in a logit statistical model for a sample of 1,226 technology transfers. We find

W. H. Davidson; Donald G. McFetridge

1985-01-01

102

University Technology Transfer: Do Incentives, Management, and Location Matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

University technology transfer activities are increasingly important as a source of regional economic development and revenue for the university. We use regression analysis, a two-stage model and the most recent data to examine the determinants of technology transfer. Our analysis strongly support four factors, not previously examined in the literature, enhancing university technology transfer: greater rewards for faculty involvement in

Joseph Friedman; Jonathan Silberman

2003-01-01

103

The Change Book: A Blueprint for Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document was developed by the Addiction Technology Transfer Center (ATTC) National Network to improve understanding about how valuable effective technology transfer is to the fields of substance abuse treatment and prevention. Technology transfer involves creating a mechanism by which a desired change is accepted, incorporated, and…

Addiction Technology Transfer Centers.

104

Key Characteristics in the Choice of International Technology Transfer Mode  

Microsoft Academic Search

The choice between licensing and direct investment as a vehicle for international technology transfer is hypothesized to be related to characteristics of the individual technology, parent corporation, and the host country involved in the transfer. A set of hypotheses regarding these relationships are developed and tested in a logit statistical model for a sample of 1,226 technology transfers. We find

W. H. Davidson; Donald G. McFetridge

105

48 CFR 970.5227-3 - Technology transfer mission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...claims incurred in its technology transfer efforts shall be...Conflicts of InterestâTechnology Transfer. The Contractor...of interest, or the appearance of conflicts of interest...the conduct of its technology transfer activities...or require specific changes to such...

2009-10-01

106

48 CFR 970.5227-3 - Technology transfer mission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...claims incurred in its technology transfer efforts shall be...Conflicts of InterestâTechnology Transfer. The Contractor...of interest, or the appearance of conflicts of interest...the conduct of its technology transfer activities...or require specific changes to such...

2010-10-01

107

Local Government, Information Systems, and Technology Transfer. Evaluating Some Common Assertions About Transfer of Computer Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The transfer of computer applications among and into city and county governments is examined through comparison of the benefits claimed for technology transfer with the actual experiences of local governments. Seven common assertions about technology tran...

K. L. Kraemer

1976-01-01

108

TARGETED TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO US INDEPENDENTS  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of assisting U.S. independent oil and gas producers with timely, informed technology decisions during Fiscal Year 2004 (FY04). PTTC has active grassroots programs through its 10 Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs) and 2 satellite offices. They bring research and academia to the table via their association with geological surveys and engineering departments. The regional directors interact with independent oil and gas producers through technology workshops, resource centers, websites, newsletters, technical publications and other cooperative outreach efforts. PTTC's Headquarters (HQ) staff receives direction from a National Board of Directors predominantly comprised of American natural gas and oil producers to plan and manage the overall technology transfer program. PTTC HQ implements a comprehensive communications program by interconnecting the talents of the National Board, 10 Regional Producer Advisory Groups (PAG) and the RLOs with industry across the U.S. PTTC effectively combines federal funding through the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy, namely the Strategic Center for Natural Gas and Oil with state and industry contributions to share application of upstream technologies. Ultimately, these efforts factor in to provide a safe, secure and reliable energy supply for American consumers. This integrated resource base, combined with industry volunteers guiding PTTC's activities and the dedication of national and regional staff, are achieving notable results regarding domestic production figures. PTTC is increasingly recognized as a critical resource for information and access to technologies by providing direct contact with research, development and demonstration (RD&D) results. A key to the program is demonstrating proven technologies that can be applied broadly and rapidly. This technical progress report summarizes PTTC's accomplishments during FY04. Activities remained at high levels. Board and staff interaction has defined strategic thrusts to further outreach. Networking, involvement in technical activities and an active exhibit schedule are increasing PTTC's sphere of influence with both producers and the service sector. PTTC's reputation for unbiased bottom line information stimulates cooperative ventures with other organizations. Efforts to build the contact database and a growing E-mail Technology Alert service are expanding PTTC's audience.

Donald F. Duttlinger; E. Lance Cole

2005-01-01

109

Trade, Foreign Direct Investment, and International Technology Transfer: A Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

What role does trade play in international technology transfer? Do technologies introduced by multinational firms diffuse to local firms? What kinds of policies have proved successful in encouraging technology absorption from abroad and why? Using these questions as motivation, this article surveys the recent trade literature on international technology transfer, paying particular attention to the role of foreign direct investment.

Kamal Saggi

2002-01-01

110

Targeted Technology Transfer to US Independents  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) was established by domestic crude oil and natural gas producers, working in conjunction with the Independent Petroleum Association of America (IPAA), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and selected universities, in 1994 as a national not-for-profit organization. Its goal is to transfer Exploration and Production (E&P) technology to the domestic upstream petroleum industry, in particular to the small independent operators. PTTC connects producers, technology providers and innovators, academia, and university/industry/government research and development (R&D) groups. From inception PTTC has received federal funding through DOE's oil and natural gas program managed by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). With higher funding available in its early years, PTTC was able to deliver well more than 100 workshops per year, drawing 6,000 or more attendees per year. Facing the reality of little or no federal funding in the 2006-2007 time frame, PTTC and the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG) worked together for PTTC to become a subsidiary organization of AAPG. This change brings additional organizational and financial resources to bear for PTTC's benefit. PTTC has now been 'powered by AAPG' for two full fiscal years. There is a clear sense that PTTC has stabilized and is strengthening its regional workshop and national technology transfer programs and is becoming more entrepreneurial in exploring technology transfer opportunities beyond its primary DOE contract. Quantitative accomplishments: PTTC has maintained its unique structure of a national organization working through Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs) to deliver local, affordable workshops. During the contract period PTTC consolidated from 10 to six regions efficiency and alignment with AAPG sections. The number of workshops delivered by its RLOs during the contract period is shown below. Combined attendance over the period was approximately 32,000, 70% of whom were repeat attendees. Participant feedback established that 40% of them said they had applied a technology they learned of through PTTC. Central/Eastern Gulf Univ. of Alabama, LSU Center for Energy Studies 77 Eastern West Virginia University, Illinois Geological Survey, W. Michigan Univ. 99 Midcontinent University of Kansas, University of Tulsa, Okla. Geological Survey (past) 123 Rocky Mountains Colorado School of Mines 147 Texas/SE New Mexico Bureau of Economic Geology, U. of Texas at Austin 85 West Coast Conservation Committee of California O&G Producers, Univ. So. Cal. (past) 54 At the national level HQ went from an office in Houston to a virtual office in the Tulsa, Okla. area with AAPG providing any physical assets required. There are no employees, rather several full time and several part time contractors. Since inception, PTTC has produced quarterly and mailed the 16-page Network News newsletter. It highlights new advances in technology and has a circulation of 19,000. It also produces the Tech Connections Column in The American Oil & Gas Reporter, with a circulation of 13,000. On an approximate three-week frequency, the electronic Email Tech Alert goes out to 9,000 readers. The national staff also maintains a central website with information of national interest and individual sections for each of the six regions. The national organization also provides legal and accounting services, coordinates the RLO activities, exhibits at at least major national and other meetings, supports the volunteer Board as it provides strategic direction, and is working to restore the Producer Advisory Groups to bolster the regional presence. Qualitative Value: Three qualitative factors confirm PTTC's value to the domestic O&G producing industry. First, AAPG was willing to step in and rescue PTTC, believing it was of significant interest to its domestic membership and of potential value internationally. Second, through a period of turmoil and now with participant fees dramatically increased, industry participants 'keep coming back' to wo

E. Lance Cole

2009-09-30

111

Technology transfer from the space exploration initiative  

SciTech Connect

Space exploration has demonstrated that it stimulates the national economy by creating new and improved products, increased employment, and provides a stimulus to education. The exploration of the Moon and Mars under the Space Exploration Initiative has the potential of accelerating this stimulates to the economy. It is difficult to identify all of the concrete ways this will be accomplished. However, many areas can be identified. The space exploration building blocks of power, propulsion, spacecraft, robotics, rovers, mining and manufacturing, communications, navigation, habitats, life support and infrastructures are reviewed to identify possible technology areas. For example, better means for working in hazardous areas and handling hazardous waste are potential outcomes of this initiative. Methods to produce higher quality goods and improve America's competitiveness in manufacturing will undoubtedly evolve from the need to produce products that must last many years in the harsh environments of space and planetary surfaces. Some ideas for technology transfer are covered in this paper.

Buden, D.

1991-06-14

112

Technology transfer from the space exploration initiative  

SciTech Connect

Space exploration has demonstrated that it stimulates the national economy by creating new and improved products, increased employment, and provides a stimulus to education. The exploration of the Moon and Mars under the Space Exploration Initiative has the potential of accelerating this stimulates to the economy. It is difficult to identify all of the concrete ways this will be accomplished. However, many areas can be identified. The space exploration building blocks of power, propulsion, spacecraft, robotics, rovers, mining and manufacturing, communications, navigation, habitats, life support and infrastructures are reviewed to identify possible technology areas. For example, better means for working in hazardous areas and handling hazardous waste are potential outcomes of this initiative. Methods to produce higher quality goods and improve America`s competitiveness in manufacturing will undoubtedly evolve from the need to produce products that must last many years in the harsh environments of space and planetary surfaces. Some ideas for technology transfer are covered in this paper.

Buden, D.

1991-06-14

113

Technology Transfer Dimensions of U.S. Military Assistance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Defense Technology Security Administration (DTSA) was established in 1984 to pull together the work on technology security being done within the offices of the Under Secretaries for Policy and for Acquisition, Within DoD, the technology transfer decis...

S. Benson

1990-01-01

114

Orbit transfer rocket engine technology program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An advanced near term (1990's) space-based Orbit Transfer Vehicle Engine (OTVE) system was designed, and the technologies applicable to its construction, maintenance, and operations were developed under Tasks A through F of the Orbit Transfer Rocket Engine Technology Program. Task A was a reporting task. In Task B, promising OTV turbomachinery technologies were explored: two stage partial admission turbines, high velocity ratio diffusing crossovers, soft wear ring seals, advanced bearing concepts, and a rotordynamic analysis. In Task C, a ribbed combustor design was developed. Possible rib and channel geometries were chosen analytically. Rib candidates were hot air tested and laser velocimeter boundary layer analyses were conducted. A channel geometry was also chosen on the basis of laser velocimeter data. To verify the predicted heat enhancement effects, a ribbed calorimeter spool was hot fire tested. Under Task D, the optimum expander cycle engine thrust, performance and envelope were established for a set of OTV missions. Optimal nozzle contours and quick disconnects for modularity were developed. Failure Modes and Effects Analyses, maintenance and reliability studies and component study results were incorporated into the engine system. Parametric trades on engine thrust, mixture ratio, and area ratio were also generated. A control system and the health monitoring and maintenance operations necessary for a space-based engine were outlined in Task E. In addition, combustor wall thickness measuring devices and a fiberoptic shaft monitor were developed. These monitoring devices were incorporated into preflight engine readiness checkout procedures. In Task F, the Integrated Component Evaluator (I.C.E.) was used to demonstrate performance and operational characteristics of an advanced expander cycle engine system and its component technologies. Sub-system checkouts and a system blowdown were performed. Short transitions were then made into main combustor ignition and main stage operation.

Gustafson, N. B.; Harmon, T. J.

1993-10-01

115

Composite fabrication via resin transfer molding technology  

SciTech Connect

The IMPReS (Integrated Modeling and Processing of Resin-based Structures) Program was funded in FY95 to consolidate, evaluate and enhance Sandia`s capabilities in the design and fabrication of composite structures. A key driver of this and related programs was the need for more agile product development processes and for model based design and fabrication tools across all of Sandia`s material technologies. A team of polymer, composite and modeling personnel was assembled to benchmark Sandia`s existing expertise in this area relative to industrial and academic programs and to initiate the tasks required to meet Sandia`s future needs. RTM (Resin Transfer Molding) was selected as the focus composite fabrication technology due to its versatility and growing use in industry. Modeling efforts focused on the prediction of composite mechanical properties and failure/damage mechanisms and also on the uncured resin flow processes typical of RTM. Appropriate molds and test composites were fabricated and model validation studies begun. This report summarizes and archives the modeling and fabrication studies carried out under IMPReS and evaluates the status of composite technology within Sandia. It should provide a complete and convenient baseline for future composite technology efforts within Sandia.

Jamison, G.M.; Domeier, L.A.

1996-04-01

116

Successful Technology Transfer in Colorado: A Portfolio of Technology Transfer "Success Stories."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The examples in this portfolio demonstrate how technology transfer among universities, businesses, and federal laboratories solve real-world problems, and create new goods and services. They reveal how, through strengthening the infrastructure joining private and public sectors, Colorado can better compete in the global marketplace. All of the…

Colorado Advanced Tech. Inst., Denver.

117

Building successful technology transfer teams: A theory of cascading commitment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The attempt to transfer a technology from a publicly funded laboratory to a profit-oriented manufacturer can be a lengthy and complex process, involving several organizations and several key individuals within each organization. For example, a product technology transfer team may include the public lab itself, one or more end user organizations during product development and trial, a transfer agency, a

David W. Large; Keith Belinko

1995-01-01

118

Constructed wetland technology transfer to Nepal.  

PubMed

Constructed Wetland (CW) technology is still not wide spread in developing countries despite having great potential. This paper describes an approach carried out in Nepal to transfer CW technology for wastewater treatment. Three CWs (hospital wastewater treatment--20 m3/d, greywater treatment of a single household, septage treatment--40 m3/d) were built and two have been investigated so far. All systems are subsurface flow systems with at least one vertical flow stage. Their treatment efficiency turned out to be very high. Median load elimination rates of the hospital wastewater and greywater treatment plants were for TSS: 97 to 99%; BOD5: 97 to 99%; COD: 94 to 97%; NH4-N 80 to 99%; PO4-P: 5 to 69%; Total Coliforms: 99.87 to 99.999% (3-5 log steps). Beside the treatment task the plants play an important role as demonstration sites to make common people and especially decision makers aware of the existing environmental problems and one possible solution. Several recommendations are pointed out to promote the technology in developing countries. PMID:11443982

Shrestha, R R; Haberl, R; Laber, J

2001-01-01

119

A planning framework for transferring building energy technologies: Executive Summary  

SciTech Connect

Accelerating the adoption of new and existing cost-effective technologies has significant potential to reduce the energy consumed in US buildings. This report summarizes some of the key results of an interlaboratory technology transfer planning effort in support of the US Department of Energy's Office of Building Technologies (the full report is published under SERI number TP-260-3729). A guiding assumption for planning was that OBT's R D program should forge linkages with existing programs whose goals involved enhancing energy efficiency in buildings. An ad hoc Technology Transfer Advisory Group reviewed the existing analysis and technology transfer program, brainstormed technology transfer approaches, interviewed DOE program managers, identified applicable research results, and developed a framework that management could use in deciding on the best investments of technology transfer resources. Representatives of 22 organizations were interviewed on their views of the potential for transferring energy efficiency technologies through active linking with OBT. The report describes in summary these programs and interview results; outlines OBT tools, technologies, and practices to be transferred; defines OBT audiences; identifies technology transfer functions and presents a framework devised using functions and audiences; presents some example technology transfer activities; and summarizes the Advisory Group's recommendations.

Farhar, B.C.; Brown, M.A.; Mohler, B.L.; Wilde, M.; Abel, F.H.

1990-08-01

120

University Technology Transfer Programs: A Profit\\/Loss Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis was made of the financial profitability\\/loss of technology transfer programs in U.S. universities, hospitals, and research centers for 1995. Data were extracted from the AUTM (Association of University Technology Managers) survey and other published information. Royalty payments were compared to estimates of technology transfer office costs, patent fees, legal expenses, and new research grants. Approximately half of the

Dennis R Trune; Lewis N Goslin

1998-01-01

121

Building technology transfer meetings: A collaborative model for transferring DOE research results to potential users  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transferring the technology and results from U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)-sponsored building energy research to potential users is a critical part of DOE`s successful research programs. To assist in this transfer of information and technologies, the DOE Office of Building Technologies (OBT) has established Building Technology Transfer Meetings that are held twice each year at one of the 10 DOE

D. L. Shankle; D. M. Hawkins; P. M. Love; G. M. Wilde

1994-01-01

122

Technology Transfer and the Management of Human Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Project SHARE bibliography on technology transfer in the human services sector is an information resource selected to reflect recent research, demonstrations, transfer experiments, and experience in the human services field. It is a sample of the doc...

1981-01-01

123

Technology Transfer through the Pipeline and Other Channels: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Presented at the 2001 NCPV Program Review Meeting: Examines some success stories of tech transfer and lessons learned from these experiences that point to possible improvements to expedite transfer to future technologies.

Benner, J.; Hulstrom, R.; Sheldon, P.

2001-10-01

124

Systematic technology transfer from biology to engineering.  

PubMed

Solutions to problems move only very slowly between different disciplines. Transfer can be greatly speeded up with suitable abstraction and classification of problems. Russian researchers working on the TRIZ (Teoriya Resheniya Izobretatelskikh Zadatch) method for inventive problem solving have identified systematic means of transferring knowledge between different scientific and engineering disciplines. With over 1500 person years of effort behind it, TRIZ represents the biggest study of human creativity ever conducted, whose aim has been to establish a system into which all known solutions can be placed, classified in terms of function. At present, the functional classification structure covers nearly 3 000 000 of the world's successful patents and large proportions of the known physical, chemical and mathematical knowledge-base. Additional tools are the identification of factors which prevent the attainment of new technology, leading directly to a system of inventive principles which will resolve the impasse, a series of evolutionary trends of development, and to a system of methods for effecting change in a system (Su-fields). As yet, the database contains little biological knowledge despite early recognition by the instigator of TRIZ (Genrich Altshuller) that one day it should. This is illustrated by natural systems evolved for thermal stability and the maintenance of cleanliness. PMID:16210175

Vincent, Julian F V; Mann, Darrell L

2002-02-15

125

A guide to the best technology-transfer practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

In analyzing the best technology-transfer practices of a broad cross-section of goverment agencies, research institutions,\\u000a and national and industrial laboratories, it was found that different technology-transfer practices should be used at the\\u000a prospecting, developing, trial, and adoption stages of technology transfer. These results are summarized in a benchmark model\\u000a that indicates which best practices to use at each stage of

Wm. E. Souder; Ahmed S. Nashar; Venkatesh Padmanabhan

1990-01-01

126

AAC technology transfer: an AAC-RERC report.  

PubMed

Transferring innovative technologies from the university to the manufacturing sector can often be an elusive and problematic process. The Rehabilitation and Engineering Research Center on Communication Enhancement (AAC-RERC) has worked with the manufacturing community for the last 10 years. The purpose of this article is to discuss barriers to technology transfer, to outline some technology transfer strategies, and to illustrate these strategies with AAC-RERC related activities. PMID:19280423

Higginbotham, D Jeffery; Beukelman, David; Blackstone, Sarah; Bryen, Diane; Caves, Kevin; Deruyter, Frank; Jakobs, Thomas; Light, Janice; McNaughton, David; Moulton, Bryan; Shane, Howard; Williams, Michael B

2009-03-01

127

FY05 Targeted Technology Transfer to US Independents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) was established by domestic crude oil and natural gas producers in 1994 as a national not-for-profit organization to address the increasingly urgent need to improve the technology-transfer process in the U.S. upstream petroleum industry. PTTC's technology-transfer programs enhance U.S. national security. PTTC administers the only nation-wide, comprehensive program dedicated to maximizing America's supplies of domestic

Donald F. Duttlinger; E. Lance Cole

2005-01-01

128

Geo energy research and development: technology transfer update  

SciTech Connect

Sandia Geo Energy Programs in geothermal, coal, oil and gas, and synfuel technologies have been effective in transferring research concepts to applications in private industry. This report updates the previous summary (SAND82-0211, March 1982) to include recent technology transfers and to reflect recent changes in philosophy on technology transfer. Over 40 items transferred to industry have been identified in the areas of Hardware, Risk Removal and Understanding. Successful transfer is due largely to personal interactions between Sandia engineers and the technical staffs of private industry.

Traeger, R.K.; Dugan, V.L.

1983-01-01

129

TEKTRAN: Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) ARS' (Agricultural Research Service) TEKTRAN (Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System) "is a dynamic database containing nearly 13,000 interpretive summaries of research results that have been peer reviewed and cleared by ARS. These are pre-publication notices, and as such, they forecast the future for improved food, feed, and fiber products and processes. TEKTRAN changes when scientists submit articles for publication and when previously submitted articles are published. TEKTRAN on the Internet is updated monthly." The system allows three different types of searches (each thoroughly explained), as well as browsing in over 60 categories from agrochemical technology to weeds. Each record contains title, author(s), an interpretive summary, keywords, contact information, and an ARS report number. The number of citations, as well as the power of the searching systems, make this one of the better agricultural bibliographic databases. As with most large databases, studying the searching FAQs is a must in order to exploit the resource.

1998-01-01

130

Technology transfer—A growing problem  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A joint National Academy of Sciences (NAS)-Department of Defense (DOD) panel on the subject of technology transfer, which usually means giving away valuable industrial and perhaps unclassified military designs and information, set national guidelines in its recent report (Eos, October 5, p. 801). The results could affect the freedom of publication and public presentation of geophysical research.An aspect of the problem surfaced in mid-August of this year, when, at the 26th annual technical symposium of the Society of Photooptical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) DOD suddenly censored from presentation at the meeting something close to 100 papers, many of which were on applications of infrared technology and its transmission in the atmosphere. A number of the papers had apparent potential to the military, but none of the research was classified. Generally, research contracts with university professors contain nothing about obtaining clearance before presenting the results at professional meetings, but there are rules that apply, to wit the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR). Also, the Department of Commerce has export control regulations that could be invoked. The censorship at the San Diego meeting has caused considerable clamor within the scientific community, starting with a report about the SPIE events that was published in Science News (Sept. 4, 1982) as ‘Remote Censoring: DOD Blocks Symposium Papers.’

Bell, Peter M.

131

Dissemination of CERN's Technology Transfer: Added Value from Regional Transfer Agents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Technologies developed at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, are disseminated via a network of external technology transfer officers. Each of CERN's 20 member states has appointed at least one technology transfer officer to help establish links with CERN. This network has been in place since 2001 and early experiences indicate…

Hofer, Franz

2005-01-01

132

Dissemination of CERN's Technology Transfer: Added Value from Regional Transfer Agents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technologies developed at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, are disseminated via a network of external technology transfer officers. Each of CERN's 20 member states has appointed at least one technology transfer officer to help establish links with CERN. This network has been in place since 2001 and early experiences indicate…

Hofer, Franz

2005-01-01

133

NCAT National Greenhouse Grant Program: a model for technology transfer  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews the technology transfer of the 1980 National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT) Solar Greenhouse Grants Program. Last summer, 100 Community Action Agencies (local anti-poverty organizations) received $1500 grants for materials to construct attached solar greenhouses. The novel aspect of the program was the mechanism for technology transfer. Regional solar greenhouse construction workshops were held by NCAT for representatives of community agencies receiving the grants. The students in the regional workshops then returned to their locales to lead similar workshops in building the greenhouses. This multi-tiered technology transfer approach appears to be an effective means of disseminating simple technologies to a large number of people.

McBride, J.R.; Shourds, K.; Lefor, A.; Krigger, J.

1981-01-01

134

NCI at Frederick: Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer  

Cancer.gov

Technology Transfer is the sharing of knowledge and facilities among different entities such as Federal laboratories, industry, universities, Federal, state and local governments and third party intermediaries. Federal technology transfer programs aim to make federally generated scientific and technological development accessible to private industry and state and local government. These recipients are encouraged to develop the technology further into new products, processes. Materials or services that will improve the quality of life and enhance industrial competitiveness.

135

Technology transfer: Transferring federal RandD results for domestic commercial utilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is intended to provide a policy-oriented overview and grounding in concepts, issues, and considerations involved in the complex field of federal technology transfer. It is intended primarily for policy planners and higher-level decision-makers concerned with federal technology transfer, but at the same time it should provide a good introduction to the field for all technology transfer personnel. A

J. P. DeBrium; J. D. Corey

1988-01-01

136

Information and technology transfer in Brazil: evolution and perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents the evolution of the scientific and technological information infrastructure in Brazil, considering information as an input in the organization’s chain of values. Discusses the problem of information services for science and technology, as well as the offer and use of technological information in Brazil. Analyses the perspectives for information management in the technological transference process.

Maria Matilde Kronka Dias; Waldomiro Vergueiro

1998-01-01

137

Space technology transfer to developing countries: opportunities and difficulties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Space technology, with its implications on science, economy and security, is mostly chosen as one of the priority areas for technological development by developing countries. Most nations aspiring to begin playing in the space league prefer technology transfer programs as a first step. Decreasing initial costs by small satellite technology made this affordable for many countries. However, there is a

U. M. Leloglu; E. Kocaoglan

2004-01-01

138

Foreign Investment and Technology Transfer: A Simple Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a model in which international technology transfer through foreign direct investment emerges as an endogenized equilibrium phenomenon, resulting from the strategic interaction between subsidiaries of multinational corporations and host country firms. The model explicitly recognizes two types of costs -- the costs to the multinational of transferring technology to its subsidiaries and the learning costs of domestic

Magnus Blomstrom; Jian-Ye Wang

1992-01-01

139

Business process reengineering and workflow automation: a technology transfer experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last few years many public and private organizations have been changing the way of thinking their business processes to improve the quality of delivered services while achieving better efficiency and efficacy. This paper presents results and lessons learned from an on-going technology-transfer research project aimed at introducing service and technology innovation within a peripheral public administration while transferring

Lerina Aversano; Gerardo Canfora; Andrea De Lucia; Pierpaolo Gallucci

2002-01-01

140

The Role of Libraries in Technology Transfer for Agriculture  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the economic situation of the Nation and agriculture's use of technology transfer to improve its competitiveness in the global marketplace. Information is viewed as an economic resource and thus the roles of libraries and information professionals are perceived to be important to the technology transfer process. The National Agricultural Library, U.S. Department of Agriculture, is examining its

Kathleen C. Hayes

1991-01-01

141

Millimeter-wave wireless power transfer technology for space applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technologies enabling the development of compact systems for wireless transfer of power through radio frequency waves (RF) continue to be important for future space based systems. For example, for lunar surface operation, wireless power transfer technology enables rapid on-demand transmission of power to loads (robotic systems, habitats, and others) and eliminates the need for establishing a traditional power grid. A

Goutam Chattopadhyay; Harish Manohara; Mohammad Mojarradi; Tuan Vo; Hadi Mojarradi; Sam Bae; Neville Marzwell

2008-01-01

142

Determinants of Commercial Innovation for University Technology Transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Institutions of higher education are extraordinarily dependent on external resources. Due to legal mandates and economic incentives, research universities have become increasingly active in the commercialization of university inventions. This study utilizes resource dependence theory as a framework for evaluating the influence of external resources on commercially oriented technology transfer emanating from universities. Three performance measures of university technology transfer

Kevin T. Wayne

143

Academic Technology Transfer: Tracking, Measuring and Enhancing Its Impact  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since the 1980 passage of the US Bayh-Dole Act, academic technology transfer has gained profile globally as a key component of knowledge-driven economic development. Research universities are seen as key contributors. In this article, focusing on the USA and drawing on over twenty years of experience in the field of academic technology transfer

Fraser, John

2010-01-01

144

Measures of knowledge and their relevance to technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. Knowledge creation and management have been seen as a means for enduring a sustainable competitive advantage. However, there is little known about knowledge or how it can be measured. Also, knowledge, when used in research, is rarely explicitly defined. Technology transfer research includes an existing theoretical framework. The context of technology transfer suggests a \\

M. Russ; R. Fineman

1999-01-01

145

Technology Transfer Educational Curriculum Plan for the State of Colorado.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A recommended plan for an educational curriculum on the topic of technology transfer is outlined. A survey was conducted to determine the current levels of ability and knowledge of technology users and of transfer intermediaries. Information was collected from three sources: individuals and organizations currently presenting educational programs…

Dakin, Karl J.

146

Dual-Use Space Technology Transfer Conference and Exhibition  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the second volume of papers presented at the Dual-Use Space Technology Transfer Conference and Exhibition held at the Johnson Space Center February 1-3, 1994. Possible technology transfers covered during the conference were in the areas of information access; innovative microwave and optical applications; materials and structures; marketing and barriers; intelligent systems; human factors and habitation; communications and data

Krishen

1994-01-01

147

Dual-Use Space Technology Transfer Conference and Exhibition  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document contains papers presented at the Dual-Use Space Technology Transfer Conference and Exhibition held at the Johnson Space Center February 1-3, 1994. Possible technology transfers covered during the conference were in the areas of information access; innovative microwave and optical applications; materials and structures; marketing and barriers; intelligent systems; human factors and habitation; communications and data systems; business process

Krishen

1994-01-01

148

Formal Methods Technology Transfer: A View from NASA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1988 NASA Langley Research Center has supported a formal methods research program. From its inception, a primary goal of the program has been to transfer formal methods technology into aerospace industries focusing on applications in commercial air transport. The overall program has been described elsewhere. This paper gives an account of the technology transfer strategy and its evolution.

James L. Caldwell

1998-01-01

149

The KIVA story: a paradigm of technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors discuss a case history of technology transfer from a government laboratory to industry, to other laboratories, and to universities. The technology transferred is a computer program named KIVA that simulates air flow, fuel sprays, and combustion in practical combustion devices such as a automobile and truck engines, gas turbines that power jet aircraft, and industrial furnaces, heaters, and

Dorothy Comer Amsden; Anthony A. Amsden

1993-01-01

150

Technology Transfer among Developing Countries: The Case of Technology Flow from India.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study reviews the scope and prospects for technology transfer among developing countries; finds the direction of technology flow from India and analyzes the underlying reasons for technology flowing towards specific regions; analyzes the nature and th...

P. Reddy

1991-01-01

151

Technology Utilization: Managing the Transfer of NASA Aerospace Technology to Other Industries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NASA Technology Utilization Program to transfer NASA technology to other industries is examined. Consideration is given to the various activities of the program, including the dissemination of new technology, industrial outreach, applications engineer...

L. J. Rose

1990-01-01

152

A model technology transfer program for independent operators  

SciTech Connect

In August 1992, the Energy Research Center (ERC) at the University of Kansas was awarded a contract by the US Department of Energy (DOE) to develop a technology transfer regional model. This report describes the development and testing of the Kansas Technology Transfer Model (KTTM) which is to be utilized as a regional model for the development of other technology transfer programs for independent operators throughout oil-producing regions in the US. It describes the linkage of the regional model with a proposed national technology transfer plan, an evaluation technique for improving and assessing the model, and the methodology which makes it adaptable on a regional basis. The report also describes management concepts helpful in managing a technology transfer program.

Schoeling, L.G.

1996-08-01

153

Dual-Use Space Technology Transfer Conference and Exhibition  

SciTech Connect

This is the second volume of papers presented at the Dual-Use Space Technology Transfer Conference and Exhibition held at the Johnson Space Center February 1-3, 1994. Possible technology transfers covered during the conference were in the areas of information access; innovative microwave and optical applications; materials and structures; marketing and barriers; intelligent systems; human factors and habitation; communications and data systems; business process and technology transfer; software engineering; biotechnology and advanced bioinstrumentation; communications signal processing and analysis; medical care; applications derived from control center data systems; human performance evaluation; technology transfer methods; mathematics, modeling, and simulation; propulsion; software analysis and decision tools; systems/processes in human support technology; networks, control centers, and distributed systems; power; rapid development; perception and vision technologies. Separate abstracts have been submitted to the database for some articles from this meeting.

Krishen, K.

1994-05-01

154

Dual-Use Space Technology Transfer Conference and Exhibition  

SciTech Connect

This document contains papers presented at the Dual-Use Space Technology Transfer Conference and Exhibition held at the Johnson Space Center February 1-3, 1994. Possible technology transfers covered during the conference were in the areas of information access; innovative microwave and optical applications; materials and structures; marketing and barriers; intelligent systems; human factors and habitation; communications and data systems; business process and technology transfer; software engineering; biotechnology and advanced bioinstrumentation; communications signal processing and analysis; new ways of doing business; medical care; applications derived from control center data systems; human performance evaluation; technology transfer methods; mathematics, modeling, and simulation; propulsion; software analysis and decision tools systems/processes in human support technology; networks, control centers, and distributed systems; power; rapid development perception and vision technology. Separate abstracts have beem submitted to the database for some articles from this conference.

Krishen, K.

1994-05-01

155

Technology transfer: A shortcut in danger of short circuit  

Microsoft Academic Search

At cocktail parties, in board rooms, at workstations, in classrooms, and in government offices, “technology transfer” is bandied\\u000a about as if it were some natural phenomenon, a technological tsunami overwhelming everything in its path. Technology transfer,\\u000a it is sometimes suggested, is an El Nio in business, government, industry, and even education decision-making, and for some\\u000a it has meant disruption, dislocation,

John Mason Mings

1998-01-01

156

[Los Alamos National Laboratory industrial applications and technology transfer  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the accomplishments of the Los Alamos Economic Development Corporation (LAEDC) under its contract with the Industrial Applications Office (IAO). The LAEDC has: provided business planning assistance to potential entrepreneurs, assisted IAO in preparing and distributing informational materials on technology, organized and managed meetings and seminars on technology transfer and entrepreneurship, identified new opportunities for technology transfer, and identified and implemented programs for the recognition of Laboratory entrepreneurs.

Not Available

1991-10-31

157

Technology transfer to Saudi Arabia petrochemical industry experience  

SciTech Connect

Saudi Arabia sought transferring petrochemical technology. The transfer aims to reduce the country's dependence on oil and to utilize national resources more efficiently. To investigate the factors affecting the transfer, conditions related to the technology in question and the receiving entity are analyzed. Multinational corporations play a major role in the transfer process. The research shows that joint venture transfers more technology than direct foreign investment. Various economic models of transferring technology are discussed. Using regression analysis, two models are tested. Four variables are involved: investment resources involved in the process, labor, material, and transfer arrangement. Material advantage is the most significant factor in the Saudi case followed by transfer arrangement. Labor shortage slows the transfer. Four major policies are concluded from the study. (1) Additional effort is needed to recruit national workers; the number of expatriate is still large. (2) Carefully planned and implemented R and D program is essential for the transfer to be successful. (3) Starting some final products is due currently. It maximizes value added and it has better marketing conditions. (4) The stage of establishing industrial projects independent of foreign partner is set. The Saudis should have acquired sufficient technical experience to do so.

Al-Ghamdi, A.A.K.

1987-01-01

158

Exploring university-industry technology transfer of CAD technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since its establishment in 1982, the Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC) has funded extensive silicon-based semiconductor research at universities, including research in the area of computer aided design. While the consortium has had success with transferring this research to its members, the overall incidence of transfer has been limited. This study explored the key issues affecting the transfer of university computer-aided

Lucien P. Randazzese

1996-01-01

159

Nuclear transfer technologies: between successes and doubts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cloning of mammals by nuclear transfer can lead to the birth of healthy adult animals but more often compromises the development of the reconstructed embryos. A high incidence of fetal and postnatal losses has been observed in several species, revealing the existence of long-lasting effects induced by the nuclear transfer procedures. Remodeling of donor chromatin by the recipient cytoplasm after

J. P. Renard; Qi Zhou; D. LeBourhis; P. Chavatte-Palmer; I. Hue; Y. Heyman; X. Vignon

2002-01-01

160

A review of future orbit transfer technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cargo and crew transfer to outer orbits for space industrialization projects is discussed. Chemical, electric, resistojet, nuclear, and high thrust ion propulsion systems are reviewed. Chemical propulsion systems are needed for personnel transfer, but the high specific impulse offered by electric propulsion provides an enormous economic advantage for the movement of nonpriority cargo. Propellant mass required to transport a payload

D. G. Fearn

1981-01-01

161

Understanding and improving technology transfer in software engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizesthe history of software engineering technology transfer and suggests ways to help bothpractitioners and researchers understand how to shorten the time between innovation andeffective practice.Here, we use the term "technology" to encompass a large number of things, and it isimportant for us to understand what "technologies" to study. For example, softwareengineers use a variety of techniques or methods

Shari Lawrence Pfleeger

1999-01-01

162

Types of Knowledge and Their Roles in Technology Transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the dawn of a new millennium, the most valuable global commodity is knowledge, particularly new knowledge about technology that may give a culture, a company and\\/or a laboratory an advantage. This paper begins with examples of tacit technology transfer, including atomic weapons technology, whose development suggests that failure to preserve tacit knowledge could lead to uninvention. This discussion is

Michael E. Gorman

2002-01-01

163

Technology Transfer in Canada: Research Parks and Centres of Excellence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two types of Canadian institutions (university-related research parks and Ontario's "centers of excellence") charged with fostering technology innovation and facilitating technology transfer between university and industry are described and compared. It is concluded that despite limitations, both play a positive role in enhancing technology

Bell, Stephen; Sadlak, Jan

1992-01-01

164

Technology transfer? The rise of China and India in green technology sectors  

Microsoft Academic Search

International technology transfer is central to the debate about how to curb the carbon emissions from rapid economic growth in China and India. But given China and India's great progress in building innovation capabilities and green industries, how relevant is technology transfer for these countries? This paper seeks insights from three green technology sectors in both countries: wind power, solar

Rasmus Lema; Adrian Lema

2012-01-01

165

Aiding the technology manager: a conceptual model for intra-firm technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

As many industrial companies are faced with competition characterised by product and market uncertainties, globalisation and rising R&D costs, the management of their intra-firm technology transfer activities is increasing in strategic importance. These activities are amongst the most problematic arrangements that exist in firms. Hence technology managers need to absorb, create, adapt, and transfer technological knowledge to various parts of

K. Malik

2002-01-01

166

Computer Science and Technology: Impact of Charge-Transfer Device Technology on Computer Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document assesses the status of charge-transfer device technology as displayed by foreign research and manufacturing facilities for a period up to September 1975. Capabilities and accomplishments of charge-transfer device research facilities in Japan,...

R. B. J. Warnar

1977-01-01

167

OAST Space Research and Technology Applications: Technology Transfer Successes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The ultimate measure of success in the Space Research and Technology Program is the incorporation of a technology into an operational mission. Charts are presented that describe technology products which OAST has helped support that (1) have been used in ...

G. M. Reck

1992-01-01

168

Subsidiary Technology Upgrading and International Technology Transfer, with Reference to China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the research on technology upgrading in the subsidiaries of transnational corporations and the research on the development of Chinese high technology firms. On the basis of this it develops fresh policy options for government intent upon facilitating international technology transfer to their jurisdictions. Technology upgrading is the use of increasingly complex technologies in products and processes, and

John W. Medcof

2007-01-01

169

Technology Transfer and Pharmaceutical Quality Systems  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text Version... 6 Page 7. Pharmaceutical Quality Systems “A Common Thread to Tech Transfer” ... Knowledge Management Quality Risk Management PQS elements ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess

170

Transfer bonding technology for batch fabrication of SMA microactuators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Currently, the broad market introduction of shape memory alloy (SMA) microactuators and sensors is hampered by technological barriers, since batch fabrication methods common to electronics industry are not available. The present study intends to overcome these barriers by introducing a wafer scale transfer process that allows the selective transfer of heat-treated and micromachined shape memory alloy (SMA) film or foil microactuators to randomly selected receiving sites on a target substrate. The technology relies on a temporary adhesive bonding layer between SMA film/foil and an auxiliary substrate, which can be removed by laser ablation. The transfer technology was tested for microactuators of a cold-rolled NiTi foil of 20 ?m thickness, which were heat-treated in free-standing condition, then micromachined on an auxiliary substrate of glass, and finally selectively transferred to different target substrates of a polymer. For demonstration, the new technology was used for batch-fabrication of SMA-actuated polymer microvalves.

Grund, T.; Guerre, R.; Despont, M.; Kohl, M.

2008-05-01

171

Resources in Support of Technology Transfer: Revised and Updated.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a list of agencies, databases, services, electronic mailing lists, and World Wide Web and Internet sites that provide information on technology transfer to help librarians and information professionals research this concept. (JMV)|

Hanne, Daniel; Zeller, Martin

1996-01-01

172

Research in Space Commercialization, Technology Transfer, and Communications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Research and internship programs in technology transfer, space commercialization, and information and communications policy are described. The intern's activities are reviewed. On-campus research involved work on the costs of conventional telephone techno...

1982-01-01

173

Licensing and CRADA's in Oak Ridge technology transfer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the belief that effective technology transfer is a ''contact sport,'' Martin Marietta Energy Systems (Energy Systems), the Department of Energy's (DOE's) management contractor in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, encourages its research and engineering employees t...

G. A. Prosser

1993-01-01

174

Interagency Study of Federal Laboratory Technology Transfer Organization and Operation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is the result of a baseline study of technology transfer organization and operation in Federal laboratories, and is an analysis of responses to two information-gathering instruments: the Federal Laboratory ORTA Organizational and Operational I...

1985-01-01

175

Technology Transfer from NASA to Targeted Industries, Volume 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) technology transfer to three target industries with focus on the apparel manufacturing industry in Alabama. Also included in this report are an analysis of the 1992 problem statements su...

W. Mccain B. J. Schroer W. E. Souder M. S. Spann H. Watters

1993-01-01

176

Building Industry Roundtable on Technology Transfer and Research Utilization: Proceedings.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A roundtable on technology transfer and research utilization for energy conservation in buildings was conducted by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers as a part of the needs assessment program in research utilizat...

P. R. Achenbach W. W. Seaton

1985-01-01

177

The challenge of technology transfer: Buying in without selling out  

PubMed Central

Highly effective technologies flowing from the discipline of behavior analysis have not been widely adopted, thus threatening the survival of the discipline itself. An analysis of the contingencies underlying successful technology transfer suggests the need for direct, empirical involvement in the marketplace in order to insure that the maximum demonstrable benefits reach the ultimate users. A successful example of this strategy of technology transfer is provided. Three areas of intense national concern—urban violence, illiteracy, and declining industrial productivity—provide immediate opportunities for the technologies of behavior analysis to secure the place of the discipline in the intellectual mosaic of the 21st century.

Pennypacker, H. S.

1986-01-01

178

The challenge of technology transfer: Buying in without selling out.  

PubMed

Highly effective technologies flowing from the discipline of behavior analysis have not been widely adopted, thus threatening the survival of the discipline itself. An analysis of the contingencies underlying successful technology transfer suggests the need for direct, empirical involvement in the marketplace in order to insure that the maximum demonstrable benefits reach the ultimate users. A successful example of this strategy of technology transfer is provided. Three areas of intense national concern-urban violence, illiteracy, and declining industrial productivity-provide immediate opportunities for the technologies of behavior analysis to secure the place of the discipline in the intellectual mosaic of the 21st century. PMID:22478656

Pennypacker, H S

1986-01-01

179

Selling your organization on technology transfer: The metaphor of movement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate technology transfer strategies often focus on the movement of tangible assets—products, processes, “off-the-shelf”\\u000a technologies, and so on. We argue that the transfer of information- and knowledge-based assets are a critical element of successful\\u000a competition in global markets, particularly for service industries. In this article we develop a model for (1) identifying\\u000a a company's “information asset portfolio” and (2) managing

Edward J. Hendrick; Dallas R. Martin

1997-01-01

180

The contributions of invention management companies to technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new type of organization which is explicitly dedicated to technology transfer has emerged in the United States: Companies\\u000a which manage inventions produced by universities, independent inventors and other creative groups. This paper shows that these\\u000a “Invention Management Companies” (IMCs) make important and unique contributions to technology transfer on legal issues (e.g.,\\u000a guarding against patent infringements), marketing (e.g., convincing a

Francis W. Wolek

1987-01-01

181

Technology transfer analysis in the Italian National Research Council  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the technology transfer (t.t.) in the nine Cnr research Institutes located in Piedmont, a highly industrialised region of the north-west of Italy. Some taxonomic criterions are used for classifying the t.t. In particularly we have two main types of actions from research structures: (A) Market-oriented technology transfer split into: strict sense and wide sense of the term.

Mario Coccia; Secondo Rolfo

2002-01-01

182

Societal and economic valuation of technology-transfer deals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The industrial adoption of concepts such as open innovation brings new legitimacy to activities technology-transfer professionals have conducted for over 20 years. This movement highlights the need for an increased understanding of the valuation of intellectual property (IP) and technology-transfer deals. Valuation, though a centerpiece of corporate finance, is more challenging when applied to the inherent uncertainty surrounding innovation. Technology-transfer professionals are often overwhelmed by the complexity and data requirements of valuation techniques and skeptical of their applicability to and utility for technology transfer. The market longs for an approach which bridges the gap between valuation fundamentals and technology-transfer realities. This paper presents the foundations of a simple, flexible, precise/accurate, and useful framework for considering the valuation of technology-transfer deals. The approach is predicated on a 12-factor model—a 3×4 value matrix predicated on categories of economic, societal, and strategic value. Each of these three categories consists of three core subcategories followed by a fourth "other" category to facilitate inevitable special considerations. This 12-factor value matrix provides a framework for harvesting data during deals and for the application of best-of-breed valuation techniques which can be employed on a per-factor basis. Future work will include framework implementation within a database platform.

Holmes, Joseph S., Jr.

2009-09-01

183

Technology transfer in pharmaceuticals. (Latest citations from the Biobusiness data base). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning technology transfer in pharmaceuticals. Topics include technology transfer in pharmaceutical research, production, and manufacture. Technology transfer using genetic engineering to develop pharmaceuticals and vaccines is described. University-to-industry technology transfer and transfer to developing nations are also discussed. (Contains a minimum of 53 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1992-10-01

184

On transferring the grid technology to the biomedical community.  

PubMed

Natural scientists such as physicists pioneered the sharing of computing resources, which resulted in the Grid. The inter domain transfer process of this technology has been an intuitive process. Some difficulties facing the life science community can be understood using the Bozeman's "Effectiveness Model of Technology Transfer". Bozeman's and classical technology transfer approaches deal with technologies that have achieved certain stability. Grid and Cloud solutions are technologies that are still in flux. We illustrate how Grid computing creates new difficulties for the technology transfer process that are not considered in Bozeman's model. We show why the success of health Grids should be measured by the qualified scientific human capital and opportunities created, and not primarily by the market impact. With two examples we show how the Grid technology transfer theory corresponds to the reality. We conclude with recommendations that can help improve the adoption of Grid solutions into the biomedical community. These results give a more concise explanation of the difficulties most life science IT projects are facing in the late funding periods, and show some leveraging steps which can help to overcome the "vale of tears". PMID:20543424

Mohammed, Yassene; Sax, Ulrich; Dickmann, Frank; Lippert, Joerg; Solodenko, Juri; von Voigt, Gabriele; Smith, Matthew; Rienhoff, Otto

2010-01-01

185

Systematic technology transfer from biology to engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Solutions to problems move only very slowly between di¬erent disciplines. Trans- fer can be greatly speeded up with suitable abstraction and classi› cation of prob- lems. Russian researchers working on the TRIZ (Teoriya Resheniya Izobretatelskikh Zadatch) method for inventive problem solving have identi› ed systematic means of transferring knowledge between di¬erent scienti› c and engineering disciplines. With over 1500 person

Julian F. V. Vincent; Darrell L. Mann

2002-01-01

186

Engineering atom transfer radical polymerization: Catalyst technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) is a controlled\\/living radical polymerization process developed a decade ago that allows the synthesis of tailored macromolecules. It has been widely used in the laboratory for polymer synthesis since, but significant use is yet to be made of it at an industrial scale for polymer production. This is due to the low activity of the

Santiago Faucher

2007-01-01

187

Technology transfer: A case study of programs and practices at NASA, DOD, DOC, and academia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology transfer is vital to humanity. It spurs innovation, promotes commerce, and provides technology-based goods and services. Technology transfer is also highly complex and interdependent in nature. This interdependence is exemplified principally by the various technology transfer interactions between government, industry, and academia. ^ Although there is extensive technology transfer literature relevant to academic, science, business, and defense contexts, few

John R Blood

2009-01-01

188

FY 2004 Technology Transfer Network and Affiliations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NASA Innovative Partnerships Program sponsors a number of organizations around the country that are designed to assist U.S. businesses in accessing, utilizing, and commercializing NASA-funded research and technology. These organizations work closely w...

2004-01-01

189

Technology Transfer, Reaching the Market for Geopressured-Geothermal Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology transfer to the industrial sector for geopressured-geothermal technology has included diverse strategies, with successes and obstacles or roadblocks. Numerical data are tabulated in terms of response to the various strategies. Strategy categories include the following: feasibility studies and reports, consortium activities and proceedings, the Geothermal Resource Council, national and international meetings of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, other

Wys; J. Negus-de

1992-01-01

190

Technology transfer in the California Department of Corrections  

Microsoft Academic Search

A technology transfer project began in 1982 in the California Department of Corrections. They contracted with a research organization to assist them in the identification and evaluation of new technology in the areas of personal alarm systems, electronic perimeter security systems, and contraband control. In addition the contractor was to develop in the department the capacity to maintain an ongoing

Robert H. Lawson

1984-01-01

191

Human Aspects of Information Management for Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the role of information managers in the transfer of complex technologies. The discussion covers the need for reliable information to assist with the selection of appropriate technologies and market evaluation, to assess the effects of government policies and cultural differences, and to establish training objectives. (19 references)…

Farkas-Conn, Irene S.

1988-01-01

192

Medical technologies in developing countries: Issues of technology development, transfer, diffusion and use  

Microsoft Academic Search

The difficulties experienced in transfer of medical technology to developing countries are aggravated by partial and incomplete understanding of the cultural, social, economic, and institutional factors affecting technology development, transfer, dissemination and use. In this paper, it is argued that a more dynamic and comprehensive approach is needed for the analysis of these factors. Such an approach would provide the

Ann Bonair; Patricia Rosenfield; Karin Tengvald

1989-01-01

193

Tech transfer outreach. An informal proceedings of the first technology transfer\\/communications conference  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document provides an informal summary of the conference workshop sessions. ``Tech Transfer Outreach!`` was originally designed as an opportunity for national laboratory communications and technology transfer staff to become better acquainted and to discuss matters of mutual interest. When DOE field office personnel asked if they could attend, and then when one of our keynote speakers became a participant

Liebetrau

1992-01-01

194

Transferability of economic evaluations of medical technologies: a new technology for orthopedic surgery.  

PubMed

Transferring results of economic evaluations across countries or jurisdictions can potentially save scarce evaluation resources while helping to make market access and reimbursement decisions in a timely fashion. This article points out why transferring results of economic evaluations is particularly important in the field of medical technologies. It then provides an overview of factors that are previously identified in the literature as affecting transferability of economic evaluations, as well as methods for transferring results in a scientifically sound way. As the current literature almost exclusively relates to transferability of pharmacoeconomic evaluations, this article highlights those factors and methodologies that are of particular relevance to transferring medical technology assessments. Considering the state-of-the-art literature and a worked, real life, example of transferring an economic evaluation of a product used in orthopedic surgery, we provide recommendations for future work in this important area of medical technology assessment. PMID:18452383

Steuten, Lotte; Vallejo-Torres, Laura; Young, Terry; Buxton, Martin

2008-05-01

195

Brookhaven National Laboratory: Technology transfer report, Fiscal year 1983  

SciTech Connect

One of Brookhaven's primary missions has been the construction and operation of large facilities for basic research. The Laboratory has always been cognizant of, and has taken pride in, the transfer of technologies associated with the design, construction, operation or utilization of the facilities; and with the technology developed from all of our basic and applied research programs. Although, in the past, the technology transfer process has not been formalized, the technologies developed here have been continuously diffused into the American economy. Some examples are medical isotopes, most notably technetium-99, and much of the early light water reactor technology based upon BNL's work with its first research reactor and with its critical assembly facility. Now the Laboratory has formalized the process and created an Office of Research and Technology Applications (ORTA).

Not Available

1983-01-01

196

Technology transfer of energy efficient technologies in industry: A review of trends and policy issues  

SciTech Connect

In 1995, industry accounted for 41 percent of global energy use. Although the efficiency of industrial processes has increased greatly during the past decades, energy efficiency improvements remain the major opportunity to reduce CO2 emissions. Industrialization may affect the environment adversely, stressing the need for transfer of cleaner technologies to developing countries. A review of trends, barriers and opportunities for technology transfer is presented. Technology transfer is a process involving assessment, agreement, implementation, evaluation and adaptation, and repetition. Institutional barriers and policies influence the transaction process. Investments in industrial technology are dominated by the private sector. In industry, energy efficiency is often the result of investments in modern equipment, stressing the importance and need for environmentally sound and long-term investment policies. The interactive and dynamic character of technology transfer stresses the need for innovative and flexible approaches, through partnerships between various stakeholders. Adaptation of technology to local conditions is essential, but practices vary widely. Countries that spend on average more on adaptation, seem to be more successful in technology transfer, hence successful technology transfer depends on transfer of technological capabilities.

Worrell, Ernst; van Berkel, Rene; Fengqi, Zhou; Menke, Christoph; Schaeffer, Roberto; Williams, Robert O.

2000-03-01

197

Host country competition, labor skills, and technology transfer by multinationals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Host Country Competition, Labor Skills, and Technology Transfer by Multinationals. — This paper examines the impact of local\\u000a competition and the availability of skilled labor on the technology imports of foreign MNC affiliates in Mexican manufacturing\\u000a industries. The authors find that proxies for local competition and labor skills are positively related to the recorded technology\\u000a imports of foreign owned affiliates.

Magnus BlomstriJm; Ari Kokko; Mario Zejan

1994-01-01

198

The Information Society and the International Technology Transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The subject of this paper, based on the existing technologies, and on the wide frequency internet-access, is an analysis of the international technology transfer process using the e-learning concept, using traditional and modern methods and techniques and the IT&C technologies and leading to the understanding of the knowledge and abilities of this field. This paper points out the importance of

Cosmin FRATOSTITEANU

2008-01-01

199

Summary of geothermal elastomeric materials (GEM) technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

High temperature elastomer technology which significantly advances the state-of-the-art was developed by L'Garde under DOE sponsorship. DOE exercised foresight and sponsored direct transferal of this technology to industry. Consequently, the technology can be readily purchased today from three commercial sources in the form of finished elastomeric parts. This paper provides a summary and conclusion of this effort which transcended important

Hirasuna; Alan R

1982-01-01

200

Summary of geothermal elastomeric materials (GEM) technology transfer  

SciTech Connect

High temperature elastomer technology which significantly advances the state-of-the-art was developed by L'Garde under DOE sponsorship. DOE exercised foresight and sponsored direct transferal of this technology to industry. Consequently, the technology can be readily purchased today from three commercial sources in the form of finished elastomeric parts. This paper provides a summary and conclusion of this effort which transcended important technology from a report gathering dust to three ready sources of elastomeric parts providing the benefits of Y267 EPDM technology.

Hirasuna, Alan R.

1982-10-08

201

Conservation and renewable energy technology use: a technology transfer challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

NATAS is a US Department of Energy (DOE) program that provides tailored technical and commercialization assistance to users of energy-related appropriate technologies. NATAS helps individuals using conservation and renewable energy products and services and provides business assistance to entrepreneurs and innovators in these fields. NATAS is operated for DOE by the National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT), which has provided

Sesso

2009-01-01

202

Technology Transfer and Economic Development in Arizona.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The status of Arizona's effort to encourage the creation and expansion of high technology based on the discoveries and new knowledge developed at its research universities is discussed. The study of the University of Arizona and Arizona State University was recommended by the Arizona Board of Regents' Task Force on Excellence, Efficiency and…

Brophy, James

203

Technology transfer trends in Indian space programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indian space programme, whose objectives involve acceleration of economic and social development through applications of space technology, has been engaged in the development of state-of-the-art satellite systems, launch vehicles and equipment necessary for applications. Even during the early phase of evolution of this Programme, deliberate policies have been adopted by the national space agency, namely, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO),

K. R. Sridhara Murthi; T. S. Shoba

2010-01-01

204

A framework for evaluation of technology transfer programs. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this volume is to describe a framework with which DOE can develop a program specific methodology to evaluate it`s technology transfer efforts. This approach could also be applied to an integrated private sector technology transfer organization. Several benefits will be realized from the application of this work. While the immediate effect will be to assist program managers in evaluating and improving program performance, the ultimate benefits will accrue to the producing industry, the states, and the nation in the form of sustained or increased domestic oil production. This benefit depends also, of course, on the effectiveness of the technology being transferred. The managers of the Technology Transfer program, and the larger federal oil and gas R&D programs, will be provided with a means to design and assess the effectiveness of program efforts as they are developed, tested and performed. The framework allows deficiencies in critical aspects of the program to be quickly identified, allowing for timely corrections and improvements. The actual process of developing the evaluation also gives the staff of the Oil R&D Program or Technology Transfer subprogram the opportunity to become oriented to the overall program goals. The structure and focus imposed by the evaluation paradigm will guide program staff in selecting activities which are consistent with achieving the goals of the overall R&D program.

Not Available

1993-07-01

205

Patent analysis for promoting technology transfer in multi-technology industries: the Korean aerospace industry case  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the increasing importance of technology, the efficiency of R&D investment is becoming a critical factor to an organisation’s\\u000a success. As a result, many studies have carried out to create useful information to support various decision-makings faced\\u000a during R&D planning but few efforts were made to discuss technology transferability in creating the information. Technology\\u000a transferability can be an important factor

Sungjoo Lee; Sora Lee

2012-01-01

206

The advent of biotechnology and technology transfer in agriculture  

SciTech Connect

One of the keys to the success of American agriculture has been continuous waves of innovation, starting with mechanical innovations in the nineteenth century and continuing into the present with chemical and biological innovations (modern fertilizers and pesticides, high yield varieties of corn and wheat). Technological success resulted not only from new discoveries, but also from the capacity to translate new knowledge into practical innovations. Innovations helped generate an industrial infrastructure capable of both producing the new technology cheaply and effectively, and building a marketing and education network for its diffusion. The capacity for quick transfer of technology from the source of knowledge (universities) to technology producers (industry) and users (farmers) has been instrumental in the technological progress of agriculture. Mechanisms for technology transfer have changed over time as the nature of agriculture and the new technologies has changed. At present agriculture faces a new wave of technological innovation associated with biotechnology and genetic engineering. This paper investigates so that institutions can efficiently accommodate the transfer of new knowledge for biotechnology in agriculture.

Postlewait, A.; Zilberman, D. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Parker, D.D.

1993-05-01

207

Technology transfer of military space microprocessor developments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past 13 years the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) has led the development of microprocessors and computers for USAF space and strategic missile applications. As a result of these Air Force development programs, advanced computer technology is available for use by civil and commercial space customers as well. The Generic VHSIC Spaceborne Computer (GVSC) program began in 1985 at AFRL to fulfill a deficiency in the availability of space-qualified data and control processors. GVSC developed a radiation hardened multi-chip version of the 16-bit, Mil-Std 1750A microprocessor. The follow-on to GVSC, the Advanced Spaceborne Computer Module (ASCM) program, was initiated by AFRL to establish two industrial sources for complete, radiation-hardened 16-bit and 32-bit computers and microelectronic components. Development of the Control Processor Module (CPM), the first of two ASCM contract phases, concluded in 1994 with the availability of two sources for space-qualified, 16-bit Mil-Std-1750A computers, cards, multi-chip modules, and integrated circuits. The second phase of the program, the Advanced Technology Insertion Module (ATIM), was completed in December 1997. ATIM developed two single board computers based on 32-bit reduced instruction set computer (RISC) processors. GVSC, CPM, and ATIM technologies are flying or baselined into the majority of today's DoD, NASA, and commercial satellite systems.

Gorden, C.; King, D.; Byington, L.; Lanza, D.

1999-01-01

208

Benchmarking the Economic Impact and Effectiveness of University Technology Transfer in Maryland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined university technology transfer in Maryland in terms of three issues: (1) the economic impact of university technology transfer; (2) a comparison of the technology transfer effort of University of Maryland System (UMS) institutions with other regional and "best practice" institutions; and (3) the technology transfer policies and…

Clinch, Richard

209

Research and Technology Transfer Ion Implantation Technology for Specialty Materials: Proceedings of a joint workshop  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ion implantation research and technology transfer workshop brought together a diverse group of academic, industrial, and government participants. Several key issues highlighted were: (1) a need exists for new technology transfer infrastructures between universities, research labs and industry; (2) ion implantation technology has promise for several Army and industry applications because of environmental concerns and technological benefits; (3) the U.S. ion implantation industry is primarily service oriented; and (4) the cost of ion implantation technology could be significantly reduced if larger scale production equipment was available for on-line processing. A need exists in the U.S. for mechanisms and funds to develop such equipment.

Reeber, Robert R.

1991-02-01

210

Technology Transfer between Technology Centres and SMEs: Evidence from the Basque Country  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public policies (often at the regional level) favouring pre-competitive research and cooperative research and development have played a decisive role in the development of technology centres in Europe and all over the world. The technology offer model gave priority to the creation of technology transfer organizations and structures, but there is increasing evidence that this model did not attach enough

Mikel Olazaran; Eneka Albizu; Beatriz Otero

2009-01-01

211

Transfer of security technology from Sandia to industry  

SciTech Connect

The National Competitiveness Technology Transfer Act of 1989 made technology transfer a mission for the national laboratories. The intent is to maximize the benefit from public monies and to improve the economic position of US industry in the world marketplace. A key instrument created by this legislation is the Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between a private company and a government-owned contractor-operated R D lab. Under these provisions, the national laboratories can negotiate directly with industry, grant title to intellectual property developed in a CRADA, and withhold publication of commercially-valuable information developed in a CRADA for up to five years. Sandia National Laboratories is very proactive in the transfer of technology developed as the DOE lead laboratory for physical security R D and from work for other government agencies. Specific security-related products have frequently evolved from government user needs into initial concepts followed by research and development into field prototypes which finally have a system design package appropriate for transfer to industry. In the past year several meetings announced in the Commerce Business Daily (CBD) were held with industry to present specific systems and to initiate discussions toward establishing a GRADA and/or granting a product license. Several examples and updates will be presented to illustrate this new process for security technology transfer from Sandia to industry. 2 refs.

Williams, J.D.; Matter, J.C.

1991-01-01

212

Technology transfer metrics of success: Study. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Technology Transfer Metrics of Success Study Report was to present the results of an evaluation of the parameters presently in practice and/or are recommended for use as effective measurements in determining the success and shortcomings as well as assessing the value of technology transfer in the FAA. This evaluation included investigation of tools used by other Government agencies in defining their metrics for success, the goals expected to be achieved from those metrics, their best practices, and identification of the metrics mandated by law and how they are effectively measured and reported.

Lupinetti, A.; Bergman, R.; Fourroux, M.; Perry, C.

1997-05-01

213

Technology transfer to overseas subsidiaries by US-based firms  

SciTech Connect

Although economists and policymakers have devoted considerable attention to the transfer of technology by US-based multinational firms to their overseas subsidiaries, very little is known about the nature of the technology that is being transferred overseas in this way, the extent to which it leaks out to non-US competitors, the size of the benefits it confers on the host (and other non-US) countries, and the sorts of non-US firms that receive the largest benefits of this sort. The findings presented shed new light on each of these topics, but are only a beginning. 18 references, 5 tables.

Mansfield, E. (Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia); Romeo, A.

1980-12-01

214

Technology transfer of small-scale energy technologies in the US Pacific Territories  

SciTech Connect

From 1977 to 1981 the Department of Energy has awarded 32 grants for small-scale energy projects in the US Pacific Territories. A critical issue with these projects has been transferring the technology within the community once the project has been completed. Certain projects are more successful at this than others. There are elements common to projects which are the most successful in this regard. In addition, there appear to be five different types of technology transfer processes. This paper identifies these processes, illustrates each with a case study, and points out the common elements. Perhaps this information can be used when designing other projects to facilitate technology transfer in developing countries.

Case, C.W.

1982-01-01

215

[Los Alamos National Laboratory industrial applications and technology transfer  

SciTech Connect

In October 1989, the Los Alamos Economic Development Corporation (LAEDC) entered into a contract with the Industrial Applications office (IAO) of Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) whereby the LAEDC was to provide support services to IAO. More specifically, according to the Statement of Work in this contract The Los Alamos Economic Development Corporation shall assist the Los Alamos National Laboratory Industrial Applications Office in establishing and strengthening connections between potential entrepreneurs at the Laboratory and the business assistance community throughout New Mexico, directed toward enhancing the number, of successful start up businesses spinning off the Laboratory's technology base.'' As part of this contract and subsequent modifications thereof, the LAEDC was to perform seven tasks: 1. Provide business planning assistance to potential entrepreneurs. 2. (Assist IAO in preparing and distributing) informational materials on technology transfer. 3. (Organize and manage) meetings and seminars on technology transfer and entrepreneurship. 4. Identify new opportunities for technology transfer. 5. (Identify and implement programs for the) recognition of Laboratory Entrepreneurs. 6. Training Lab personnel, in the area of technology transfer and Laboratory industrial interactions. 7. Review and summarize prior New Mexico economic development studies. The purpose of this report, is to summarize the accomplishments of the LAEDC under its contract with IAO, and to fulfill its reporting requirements. This report covers the period from October 1989 to September 1992.

Not Available

1992-09-30

216

THE FEDERAL TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER ACT - ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING TECHNOLOGIES OPPORTUNITIES  

EPA Science Inventory

To enhance and maintain a clean environment while imporiving the nation's productivity, the U.S. EPA is joining with private industry and academia to seek new, cost-effective technologies to prevent and control environmental pollution. Both the U.S. government and the private sec...

217

AN ANALYSIS OF THE MAJOR ISSUES FOR SUCCESSFUL INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER IN ARAB COUNTRIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transfer of enabling technology such as Information Technology (IT) has become a vital component of successful countries looking for technological innovation and techno-economic development nowadays. However, in the history of technology transfer in Arab countries, it is probably true that there has been more failure and disappointment than satisfaction and success in achieving the expected results from the technology transfer

Jeffrey Soar; Zahirul Hoque

2008-01-01

218

Applications of Aerospace Technology in Industry a Technology Transfer Profile, Nondestructive Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The development of nondestructive testing procedures by NASA and the transfer of nondestructive testing to technology to civilian industry are discussed. The subjects presented are: (1) an overview of the nondestructive testing field, (2) NASA contributio...

1972-01-01

219

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS AND TECHNOLOGY : CONTROL OF PATHOGENS IN MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER SLUDGE  

EPA Science Inventory

This 71 - page Technology Transfer Environmental Regulations and echnology publication describes the Federal requirements promulgated in 1979 for reducing pathogens n wastewater sludge and provides guidance in determining whether individual sludge treatment andated or particular ...

220

Information Systems and Networks for Technology Transfer. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Results of a survey of the information resources available in industrialized countries which might be used in a United Nations technology transfer program for developing countries are presented. Information systems and networks, organized information collections of a scientific and technical character, and the machinery used to disseminate this…

Page, John; Szentivanyi, Tibor

221

University-Industry Technology Transfer in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the modern knowledge economy, higher educational institutions are being required to deal with commercialising the results of their research, spinning out knowledge-based enterprises and facilitating technology transfer between their research centres and industrial firms. The universities are undergoing changes in institutional and…

Poon, Patrick S.; Chan, Kan S.

2007-01-01

222

Equity and the Technology Transfer Strategies of American Research Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

American universities are experimenting with new mechanisms for promoting the commercialization of academic research and generating revenue from university intellectual property. This paper discusses mechanisms available to universities in managing the commercialization of intellectual property, considering equity as a technology transfer mechanism that offers advantages for both generating revenue and aligning the interests of universities, industry and faculty. Employing data

Maryann FeldmanIrwin; Irwin Feller; Janet Bercovitz; Richard Burton

2002-01-01

223

Trade, Foreign Direct Investment, and International Technology Transfer: A Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

May 2000How much a developing country can take advantage of technology transfer from foreign direct investment depends partly on how well educated and well trained its workforce is, how much it is willing to invest in research and development, and how much protection it offers for intellectual property rights.Saggi surveys the literature on trade and foreign direct investment - especially

Kamal Saggi

1999-01-01

224

Organizational Learning, Knowledge and Technology Transfer: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Knowledge-based competition has magnified the importance of learning alliances as a fast and effective mechanism of capability development. This case presents a technology transfer project from a university's engineering research center to a private firm to illuminate learning and knowledge-based determinants of the outcomes of such projects. In…

Daghfous, Abdelkader

2004-01-01

225

Bio-recognition and functional lipidomics by glycosphingolipid transfer technology  

PubMed Central

Through glycosphingolipid biochemical research, we developed two types of transcription technologies. One is a biochemical transfer of glycosphingolipids to peptides. The other is a physicochemical transfer of glycosphingolipids in silica gel to the surface of a plastic membrane. Using the first technology, we could prepare peptides which mimic the shapes of glycosphingolipid molecules by biopanning with a phage-displayed peptide library and anti-glycosphingolipid antibodies as templates. The peptides thus obtained showed biological properties and functions similar to those of the original glycosphingolipids, such as lectin binding, glycosidase modulation, inhibition of tumor metastasis and immune response against the original antigen glycosphingolipid, and we named them glyco-replica peptides. The results showed that the newly prepared peptides could be used effectively as a bio-recognition system and suggest that the glyco-replica peptides can be widely applied to therapeutic fields. Using the second technology, we could establish a functional lipidomics with a thin-layer chromatography-blot/matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (TLC-Blot/MALDI-TOF MS) system. By transferring glycosphingolipids on a plastic membrane surface from a TLC plate, innovative biochemical approaches such as simple purification of individual glycosphingolipids, binding studies, and enzyme reactions could be developed. The combinations of these biochemical approaches and MALDI-TOF MS on the plastic membrane could provide new strategies for glycosphingolipid science and the field of lipidomics. In this review, typical applications of these two transfer technologies are introduced.

TAKI, Takao

2013-01-01

226

Uncounted Benefits: Federal Efforts in Domestic Technology Transfer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study was undertaken to describe organized technology transfer activities conducted by the agencies of the U.S. government. The focus is upon agency or departmental level activity rather than the laboratory level. Since it was sponsored by the Nationa...

R. L. Chapman K. Hirst

1986-01-01

227

Building Chinese global brands through soft technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the different strategies implemented by a number of successful Chinese firms currently striving to build global brands in order to improve their export capabilities. A particular emphasis is put on the transfer of marketing technology for brand engineering in order to achieve this goal. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The analysis uses case

Francis R. Ille

2009-01-01

228

Cultural Technology Transfer: Redefining Content in the Chinese Television Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks at programming strategies adopted by Chinese television producers, drawing on an ongoing large-scale study of Asia-Pacific television format trade currently being conducted by the Australian Key Centre for Cultural and Media Policy. The paper argues that the concept of cultural technology transfer is a useful way of theorizing the positive benefits of program replication in China. On

Michael Keane

2001-01-01

229

Space spin-offs: is technology transfer worth it?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dual-uses, spin-offs, and technology transfer have all become part of the space lexicon, creating a cultural attitude toward space activity justification. From the very beginning of space activities in the late 1950's, this idea of secondary benefits became a major part of the space culture and its beliefs system. Technology transfer has played a central role in public and political debates of funding for space activities. Over the years, several studies of the benefits of space activities have been performed, with some estimates reaching as high as a 60:1 return to the economy for each dollar spent in space activities. Though many of these models claiming high returns have been roundly criticized. More recent studies of technology transfer from federal laboratories to private sector are showing a return on investment of 2.8:1, with little evidence of jobs increases. Yet, a purely quantitative analysis is not sufficient as there exist cultural and social benefits attainable only through case studies. Space projects tend to have a long life cycle, making it difficult to track metrics on their secondary benefits. Recent studies have begun to make inroads towards a better understanding of the benefits and drawbacks of investing in technology transfer activities related to space, but there remains significant analyses to be performed which must include a combination of quantitative and qualitative analyses.

Bush, Lance B.

230

Issues in the Transfer of Instructional Technology between Nations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the assumption that educational technology transfers are vital to the continuing growth of all nations and that the issues connected with this activity are large and complex, this discussion addresses five major problems associated with international educational exchange: (1) inadequate understanding of the problem to be solved by…

Clark, Richard E.

231

Technology Transfer in European Regions: Introduction to the Special Issue  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regions can be considered as “regional innovation systems,” but the question of whether and to what extent technology transfer is taking place at this or other (e.g., national and global) levels remains empirical. The theme issue contains a number of case studies of “regional innovation systems” within the European Union. Other papers elaborate on the pros and cons of the

Loet Leydesdorff; Philip Cooke; Mikel Olazaran

2002-01-01

232

Study of Technology Transfer Arrangements for National Laboratories.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The transfer of technology to industrial partners and users is a complex task. The interactions between federal laboratories and industry and the market knowledge and ability to assess the needs of business users are beyond the charter of a federal labora...

R. C. Dorf K. K. F. Worthington

1987-01-01

233

Value Proposition of Department of Defense Domestic Technology Transfer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Through the years, there has been anecdotal and other piecemeal information about how technology transfer brings value to the DoD and the warfighter; however, to date there has been no study that collected all such information in one place. In September 2...

2010-01-01

234

Nanolitre-scale crystallization using acoustic liquid-transfer technology.  

PubMed

Focused acoustic energy allows accurate and precise liquid transfer on scales from picolitre to microlitre volumes. This technology was applied in protein crystallization, successfully transferring a diverse set of proteins as well as hundreds of precipitant solutions from custom and commercial crystallization screens and achieving crystallization in drop volumes as small as 20 nl. Only higher concentrations (>50%) of 2-methyl-2,4-pentanediol (MPD) appeared to be systematically problematic in delivery. The acoustic technology was implemented in a workflow, successfully reproducing active crystallization systems and leading to the discovery of crystallization conditions for previously uncharacterized proteins. The technology offers compelling advantages in low-nanolitre crystallization trials by providing significant reagent savings and presenting seamless scalability for those crystals that require larger volume optimization experiments using the same vapor-diffusion format. PMID:22868754

Villaseñor, Armando G; Wong, April; Shao, Ada; Garg, Ankur; Donohue, Timothy J; Kuglstatter, Andreas; Harris, Seth F

2012-07-17

235

Technology transfer personnel exchange at the Boeing Company  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the exchange was to transfer Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) technology and expertise in advanced ceramic fabric composites (ACFC) to the Boeing Defense Space Group (Boeing Aerospace). Boeing Aerospace was especially interested in applying PNL-developed ACFC technology to its current and future spacecraft and space missions. Boeing has on-going independent research and development (R D) programs on advanced radiators and heat pipes, therefore, PNL research in ceramic fabric heat pipes was of particular interest to Boeing. Thus, this exchange assisted in the transfer of PNL's ACFC heat pipe technology and other, related research capabilities to private industrial application. The project was proposed as an initial step in building a long-term collaborative relationship between Boeing and PNL that may result in future Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAs) and/or other types of collaborative efforts.

Antoniak, Z.I.

1993-03-01

236

Technology transfer personnel exchange at the Boeing Company  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the exchange was to transfer Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) technology and expertise in advanced ceramic fabric composites (ACFC) to the Boeing Defense & Space Group (Boeing Aerospace). Boeing Aerospace was especially interested in applying PNL-developed ACFC technology to its current and future spacecraft and space missions. Boeing has on-going independent research and development (R&D) programs on advanced radiators and heat pipes, therefore, PNL research in ceramic fabric heat pipes was of particular interest to Boeing. Thus, this exchange assisted in the transfer of PNL`s ACFC heat pipe technology and other, related research capabilities to private industrial application. The project was proposed as an initial step in building a long-term collaborative relationship between Boeing and PNL that may result in future Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAs) and/or other types of collaborative efforts.

Antoniak, Z.I.

1993-03-01

237

23 CFR 420.207 - What are the requirements for research, development, and technology transfer work programs?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...are the requirements for research, development, and technology transfer...PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION Research, Development and Technology Transfer...are the requirements for research, development, and technology...

2010-04-01

238

23 CFR 420.207 - What are the requirements for research, development, and technology transfer work programs?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...are the requirements for research, development, and technology transfer...PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION Research, Development and Technology Transfer...are the requirements for research, development, and technology...

2009-04-01

239

23 CFR 420.205 - What is the FHWA's policy for research, development, and technology transfer funding?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...is the FHWA's policy for research, development, and technology transfer...PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION Research, Development and Technology Transfer...the FHWA's policy for research, development, and technology...

2010-04-01

240

23 CFR 420.205 - What is the FHWA's policy for research, development, and technology transfer funding?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...is the FHWA's policy for research, development, and technology transfer...PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION Research, Development and Technology Transfer...the FHWA's policy for research, development, and technology...

2009-04-01

241

Donor?funded information technology transfer projects: Evaluating the life?cycle approach in four Chinese science and technology projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) forms an increasingly important component of donor?funded development projects, yet there has been very little structured analysis of the IT transfer process. This paper presents and evaluates a structured framework for analysis of IT transfer ? the information technology transfer life?cycle ? based on a study of four Chinese technology projects. The life?cycle framework helps to structure

Erik Baark; Richard Heeks

1999-01-01

242

Technology Transfer: A Case Study of Programs and Practices at NASA, DOD, DOC, and Academia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Technology transfer is vital to humanity. It spurs innovation, promotes commerce, and provides technology-based goods and services. Technology transfer is also highly complex and interdependent in nature. This interdependence is exemplified principally by the various technology transfer interactions between government, industry, and academia. …

Blood, John R.

2009-01-01

243

Multigigabit wireless transfer of trigger data through millimetre wave technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The amount of data that can be transferred from highly granular tracking detectors with several million channels is today limited by the available bandwidth in the readout links which again is limited by power budget, mass and the available space for services. The low bandwidth prevents the tracker from being fully read out in real time which is a requirement for becomming a part of the first level trigger. To get the tracker to contribute to the fast trigger decision the data transfer bandwidth from the tracker has either to be increased for all data to be read out in real time or the quantity of the data to be reduced by improving the quality of the data or a combination of the two. A higher data transfer rate can be achieved by increasing the the number of data links, the data transfer speed or a combination of both. The quantity of data read out from the detector can be reduced by introducing on-detector intelligence. Next generation multigigabit wireless technology has several features that makes the technology attractive for use in future trackers. The technology can provide both higher bandwidth for data readout and means to build on-detector intelligence to improve the quality of data. The emerging millimetre wave technology offers components that are small size,low power and mass thus well suited for integration in trackers. In this paper the feasibility of wireless transfer of trigger data using 60 GHz radio in the future upgraded tracker at the Super Large Hadron Collider (SLHC) is investigated.

Brenner, R.; Cheng, S.

2010-07-01

244

Intelligent decision support for road mapping a technology transfer case study with seimens corporate technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we describe a technology transfer case study with Siemens Corporate Technology, Systems and Engineering in Munich, Germany in which intelligent decision support was provided for road mapping of the services provided by this unit. The challenge was to provide roadmaps for optimal success in order to achieve maximum market competitiveness and customer satisfaction while simultaneously balancing the

Pankaj Bhawnani; Guenther Ruhe; Franz Kudorfer; Ludger Meyer

2006-01-01

245

Role of Information Technology Consultancy in the Transfer of Information Technology to Production and Service Organizations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aim of the study is to investigate and assess the role of information Technology Consultancy (ITC) in the current process of innovation diffusion and technology transfer. The paper first defines ITC as an independent activity and points out its specif...

F. Moulaert F. Martinelli F. Djellal

1990-01-01

246

Technology transfer of energy efficient technologies in industry: a review of trends and policy issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1995, industry accounted for 41% of global energy use. Although the efficiency of industrial processes has increased greatly during the past decades, energy efficiency improvements remain the major opportunity to reduce CO2 emissions. Industrialisation may affect the environment adversely, stressing the need for transfer of cleaner technologies to developing countries. A review of trends, barriers and opportunities for technology

Ernst Worrell; Rene van Berkel; Zhou Fengqi; Christoph Menke; Roberto Schaeffer; Robert O. Williams

2001-01-01

247

Technology transfer: federal legislation that helps businesses and universities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1980, Congress enacted the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act to encourage federal laboratories to `spin off' their technology to industry, universities, and state and local governments. The law reflected Congressional concern for the economic well-being of the nation and the need for the United States to maintain its technological superiority. Almost half the nation's research is conducted in federal laboratories. Other legislation, the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982 and the National Cooperative Research Act of 1984, was followed by the Technology Transfer Act of 1986 that strengthened and consolidated policy concerning the technology transfer responsibilities of the federal labs. The law allows the labs to directly license their patents and permits the issuance of exclusive licenses. It allows the labs to enter into cooperative research and development agreements with industry, universities, and state and local governments. It institutionalized the Federal Laboratory consortium which, to that point in time, had been a formal but largely unrecognized body. Under the provisions of the law, the United States Air Force Rome Laboratory located in Rome, New York, as the Air Force lead laboratory in photonics research entered into an agreement with the Governor of the State of New York to collaborate in photonics research and development. Subsequent to that agreement, the state established the not-for-profit New York State Photonics Development Corporation in Rome to facilitate business access to Rome Laboratory's photonics research facilities and technologies. Rome Laboratory's photonics research and development program is described in this paper. The Technology Transfer Act of 1986 is summarized, and the roles and missions of the New York State Photonics Development Corporation is explained.

Oaks, Bill G.

1992-05-01

248

Tech transfer outreach. An informal proceedings of the first technology transfer/communications conference  

SciTech Connect

This document provides an informal summary of the conference workshop sessions. ``Tech Transfer Outreach!`` was originally designed as an opportunity for national laboratory communications and technology transfer staff to become better acquainted and to discuss matters of mutual interest. When DOE field office personnel asked if they could attend, and then when one of our keynote speakers became a participant in the discussions, the actual event grew in importance. The conference participants--the laboratories and DOE representatives from across the nation--worked to brainstorm ideas. Their objective: identify ways to cooperate for effective (and cost-effective) technology transfer outreach. Thus, this proceedings is truly a product of ten national laboratories and DOE, working together. It candidly presents the discussion of issues and the ideas generated by each working group. The issues and recommendations are a consensus of their views.

Liebetrau, S. [ed.

1992-10-01

249

Co-Evolutionary service-oriented model of technology transfer in software engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes a co-evolutionary service-oriented model, an organizational architecture for accelerating technology transfer between co-evolving organizations. Conventional model of technology transfer implies a unidirectional transfer from technology providers to technology requesters. However, this is not a case in successful technology transfer. In our experience, we observed a reciprocal feedback relationship between the providers and requesters. As the model of

Mikio Aoyama

2006-01-01

250

Imagining value, imagining users: academic technology transfer for health innovation.  

PubMed

Governments have invested heavily in the clinical and economic promise of health innovation and express increasing concern with the efficacy and efficiency of the health innovation system. In considering strategies for 'better' health innovation, policy makers and researchers have taken a particular interest in the work of universities and related public research organizations: How do these organizations identify and transfer promising innovations to market, and do these efforts make best use of public sector investments? We conducted an ethnographic study of technology transfer offices (TTOs) in Ontario and British Columbia, Canada, to consider the place of health and health system imperatives in judgments of value in early-stage health innovation. Our analysis suggests that the valuation process is poorly specified as a set of task-specific judgments. Instead, we argue that technology transfer professionals are active participants in the construction of the innovation and assign value by 'imagining' the end product in its 'context of use'. Oriented as they are to the commercialization of health technology, TTOs understand users primarily as market players. The immediate users of TTOs' efforts are commercial partners (i.e., licensees, investors) who are capable of translating current discoveries into future commodities. The ultimate end users - patients, clinicians, health systems - are the future consumers of the products to be sold. Attention to these proximate and more distal users in the valuation process is a complex and constitutive feature of the work of health technology transfer. At the same time, judgements about individual technologies are made in relation to a broader imperative through which TTOs seek to imagine and construct sustainable innovation systems. Judgments of value are rendered sensible in relation to the logic of valuation for systems of innovation that, in turn, configure users of health innovation in systemic ways. PMID:19231055

Miller, Fiona Alice; Sanders, Carrie B; Lehoux, Pascale

2009-02-21

251

BMDO: New Mexico Technology Transfer Demonstration Project. Interim final report  

SciTech Connect

The BMDO-New Mexico Technology Transfer Demonstration Project(BMDO-NM) was a collaborative effort among the national laboratories to identify and evaluate the commercial potential of selected SDI-funded technologies. The project was funded by BMDO (formerly known as the Strategic Defense Initiative Office or SDIO), the Technology Enterprise Division (NM-TED) of the NM Economic Development Division, and the three National Laboratories. The project was managed and supervised by SAGE Management Partners of Albuquerque, and project funding was administered through the University of New Mexico. The BMDO-NM Demonstration Project focused on the development of a process to assist technology developers in the evaluation of selected BMDO technology programs so that commercialization decisions can be made in an accelerated manner. The project brought together BMDO, the NM-TED, the University of New Mexico, and three New Mexico Federal laboratories -- Los Alamos (DOE), Phillips (DOD) and Sandia (DOE). Each national laboratory actively participated throughout the project through its technology transfer offices. New Mexico was selected as the site for the Demonstration Program because of its three national and federal research laboratories engaged in BMDO programs, and the existing relationship among state govemment, the labs, universities and local economic development and business assistance organizations. Subsequent Commercialization and Implementation phases for the selected technologies from LANL and SNL were completed by SAGE and the Project Team. Funding for those phases was provided by the individual labs as well as BMDO and NM-TED in kind services. NM-TED played a proactive role in this New Mexico partnership. Its mandate is to promote technology-based economic development, with a commitment to facilitate the use of technology by industry and business statewide. TED assumed the role of program manager and executing agent for BMDO in this demonstration project.

Not Available

1993-11-01

252

Orbit transfer rocket engine technology program enhanced heat transfer combustor technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to increase the performance of a high performance, advanced expander-cycle engine combustor, higher chamber pressures are required. In order to increase chamber pressure, more heat energy is required to be transferred to the combustor coolant circuit fluid which drives the turbomachinery. This requirement was fulfilled by increasing the area exposed to the hot-gas by using combustor ribs. A

William S. Brown

1991-01-01

253

Improving practice-research connections through technology transfer networks.  

PubMed

This paper presents a first look at network and survey data collected to ascertain the salience and value-added of technology transfer networks in reducing the science-to-service gap in behavioral healthcare services. The National Child Traumatic Stress Network served as the case setting upon which administrative and survey data were analyzed. Results show a rich set of formal relationships within the National Child Traumatic Stress Network and suggest participants found these relationships and this medium useful in altering their day-to-day practices and increasing their professional knowledge. The implications of these findings are that technology transfer networks are useful mechanisms worthy of investment of scarce resources. PMID:19655258

Isett, Kimberley R; Phillips, Susan D

2009-08-05

254

Ethics and technology transfer: patients, patents, and public trust.  

PubMed

Universities and academic medical centers have been increasing their focus on technology transfer and research commercialization. With this shift in focus, academic-industry ties have become prevalent. These relationships can benefit academic researchers and help then to transform their research into tangible societal benefits. However, there also are concerns that these ties and the greater academic focus on commercialization might lead to conflicts of interest, especially financial conflicts of interest. This paper briefly explores some of these conflicts of interest, particularly relating to research and training. This paper also discusses some of the policies that have been, and are being, developed to try to mitigate and manage these conflicts so that academic involvement in technology transfer and commercialization can continue without jeopardizing academic work or the public's trust in them. PMID:21346627

Zucker, Deborah

2011-06-01

255

Bio-recognition and functional lipidomics by glycosphingolipid transfer technology.  

PubMed

Through glycosphingolipid biochemical research, we developed two types of transcription technologies. One is a biochemical transfer of glycosphingolipids to peptides. The other is a physicochemical transfer of glycosphingolipids in silica gel to the surface of a plastic membrane. Using the first technology, we could prepare peptides which mimic the shapes of glycosphingolipid molecules by biopanning with a phage-displayed peptide library and anti-glycosphingolipid antibodies as templates. The peptides thus obtained showed biological properties and functions similar to those of the original glycosphingolipids, such as lectin binding, glycosidase modulation, inhibition of tumor metastasis and immune response against the original antigen glycosphingolipid, and we named them glyco-replica peptides. The results showed that the newly prepared peptides could be used effectively as a bio-recognition system and suggest that the glyco-replica peptides can be widely applied to therapeutic fields. Using the second technology, we could establish a functional lipidomics with a thin-layer chromatography-blot/matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (TLC-Blot/MALDI-TOF MS) system. By transferring glycosphingolipids on a plastic membrane surface from a TLC plate, innovative biochemical approaches such as simple purification of individual glycosphingolipids, binding studies, and enzyme reactions could be developed. The combinations of these biochemical approaches and MALDI-TOF MS on the plastic membrane could provide new strategies for glycosphingolipid science and the field of lipidomics. In this review, typical applications of these two transfer technologies are introduced.(Communicated by Kunihiko SUZUKI, M.J.A.). PMID:23883610

Taki, Takao

2013-01-01

256

The EMDEX Project: Technology transfer and occupational measurements  

SciTech Connect

The Electric and Magnetic Field Measurement Project for Utilities -- the EPRI EMDEX Project -- is a multifaceted project entailing technology transfer, measurement protocol design, data management, and exposure assessment analyses. The specific objectives of the project in order of priority were: to transfer the EMDEX technology to utilities; to develop measurement protocols and data management capabilities for large exposure data sets; and to collect, analyze, and document 60-Hz electric and magnetic field exposures for a diverse population. Transfer of the EPRI Electric and Magnetic Field Digital Exposure system (EMDEX) technology to the participating utilities was accomplished through training and through extensive involvement in the exposure data collection effort. Field exposure data measured by an EMDEX system were collected by volunteer utility employees at 59 sites in the US and three other countries between October 1988 and September 1989. Approximately 50,000 hours of magnetic field and 23,000 hours of electric field exposure records taken at 10-second intervals were obtained, of which 70% were from Work environments. Exposures and time spent in environments have been analyzed by Primary Work Environment, by occupied environment, and by job classification. Generally, the measured fields and exposures in the Generation, Transmission, Distribution and Substation environments were higher than in other occupational environments in utilities. The Nonwork fields and exposures for workers associated with various categories were comparable. Evaluation of the project by participants indicated general satisfaction with the EMDEX system and with this approach to technology transfer. This document, Volume 3 contains appendices with a complete set of project protocols, project materials, and extensive data tables.

Not Available

1990-11-01

257

Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV) -Technology Demonstrator for Future Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the frame of the International Space Station, Europe has developed key capabilities that enable a variety of future applications. The Automated Transfer Vehicle, developed and built by Astrium under ESA contract, is not only a valuable ISS logistics vehicle, but also serves as a technology demonstrator for the future. Amongst possible future scenarios are human and robotic missions, in Low Earth Orbit (e.g. Debris Removal) as well as beyond Low Earth Orbit (e.g. Lunar Lander).

Menking, M.; Horstmann, J.-H.; Kinnersley, M.

2012-01-01

258

Medical technology transfer in major Chinese medical schools.  

PubMed

This paper examines how the decision-making process and its consequences affect medical technology transfer in major Chinese medical schools. Data are from a 1987 survey of 13 key medical universities, directly supervised by the Ministry of Public Health in the People's Republic of China. This paper limits itself to four types of laboratory equipment--electron microscopes, UV/VIS spectrophotometers, high-performance liquid chromatographs, and polygraphs. Decisions on the transfer of medical technology have been more decentralized in China since the economic reform in 1978. The major reason for schools to import these four types of equipment is their dissatisfaction with the quality of domestic products. Chinese medical schools depend heavily on the information provided at medical equipment exhibits and their neighboring schools. Their decisions to acquire the equipment are based more on the quality and service available than on the prices. Chinese medical schools face serious infrastructure problems in acquiring and maintaining these pieces of equipment. A number of suggestions are made for improving the efficiency of medical technology transfer in China. PMID:1778700

Hu, T W; Meng, Y Y

1991-01-01

259

Larrie D. Ferreiro - Goodall in America: The Exchange Engineer as Vector in International Technology Transfer - Comparative Technology Transfer and Society 4:2  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the role of the exchange engineer in international technology transfer. It takes as example the transfer of aircraft carrier technology from Great Britain to the United States during World War I, and describes how that individual interpreted the design knowledge from the drawings, allowing the U.S. engineers to grasp the underlying principles of the new technology and

Larrie D. Ferreiro

260

Commercial Non-Aerospace Technology Transfer Program for the 2000s: Strategic Analysis and Implementation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents a strategic analysis and implementation plan for NASA's Office of Commercial Programs (OCP), Technology Transfer Division's (TTD), Technology Transfer Program. The main objectives of this study are to: (1) characterize the NASA TTD's ...

G. A. P. Horsham

1992-01-01

261

Technology Transfer in Tacoma, Washington: The Case of the Automatic Hydrant Valve.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes the technology transfer process in Tacoma, Washington, with special attention to the case of the automatic hydrant valve adopted and disseminated by the Tacoma Fire Department. Presented are the theories of technology transfer used in...

R. J. Cole F. A. Morris

1979-01-01

262

Experimental System Design of Wireless Power Transfer Based on Witricity Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wireless power transfer based on witricity technology is a new technology which energy can be transferred via coupled magnetic resonances in the non- radiative near-field. In order to verify its feasibility, coupled mode theory and power transfer system structure was proposed in this paper. Based on these analysis, The wireless power transfer experimental device is designed. Experimental results shows that

Yang Li; Qingxin Yang; Haiyan Chen; Xian Zhang; Zhuo Yan

2011-01-01

263

FY05 Targeted Technology Transfer to US Independents  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) was established by domestic crude oil and natural gas producers in 1994 as a national not-for-profit organization to address the increasingly urgent need to improve the technology-transfer process in the U.S. upstream petroleum industry. PTTC's technology-transfer programs enhance U.S. national security. PTTC administers the only nation-wide, comprehensive program dedicated to maximizing America's supplies of domestic oil and gas. PTTC conducts grassroots programs through 10 Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs) and two satellite offices, leveraging their preexisting connections with industry. This organizational structure helps bring researchers and academia to the table. Nationally and regionally, volunteers within a National Board and Regional Producer Advisory Groups guide efforts. The National Board meets three times per year, an important function being approving the annual plans and budgets developed by the regions and Headquarters (HQ). Between Board meetings, an active Management and Budget Committee guide HQ activity. PTTC itself undergoes a thorough financial audit each year. The PTTC's HQ staff plans and manages all aspects of the PTTC program, conducts nation-wide technology-transfer activities, and implements a comprehensive communications program. Networking, involvement in technical activities, and an active exhibit schedule are increasing PTTC's sphere of influence with both producers and the oilfield service sector. Circulation for ''PTTC Network News'', the quarterly newsletter, has risen to nearly 17,500. About 7,500 people receive an email Technology Alert on an approximate three-week frequency. Case studies in the ''Petroleum Technology Digest in World Oil'' appear monthly, as do ''Tech Connections'' columns in ''The American Oil and Gas Reporter''. As part of its oversight responsibility for the regions, the PTTC from the start has captured and reported data that document the myriad ways its programs impact industry. Of 119 workshops in FY05 where repeat attendance was reported, 59 percent of attendees on average had attended a PTTC event previously, indicating that a majority felt they were receiving enough value to come back. It also is encouraging that, after 11 years, PTTC events continue to attract new people. The form used at workshops to get participants feedback asks for a ''yes'' or ''no'' response to the question: ''Have you used any new technologies based on knowledge gained through PTTC?'' With data now available from 611 workshops, 41 percent of respondents said, ''yes'', confirming that people are applying the information they receive at PTTC workshops. PTTC in FY04 asked RLO directors, oilfield service companies and producers in 11 areas with significant technological barriers to adding new reserves to estimate the ''PTTC Impact Factor''--that is, the percentage of the total reserves added in their areas that logically could be attributed to PTTC's efforts. Of the estimated 1,266 million barrels of oil equivalent (BOE) added in the 11 areas, participants estimated that roughly 88 million BOE had been added as a result of PTTC's techtransfer efforts. PTTC's 10 regions are the primary delivery mechanism for technology transfer. Attendance at PTTC regional activities set a record in FY05, with 8,900 individuals attending 154 workshops, lunch-and-learn events, or student training and internships. When appropriate, regional workshops incorporate R&D findings from DOE-funded projects. This year HQ began a ''Microhole Technology Integration'' Initiative with DOE to more clearly present their microhole program to producers. Often events are held cooperatively with other national organizations, regional producer associations and professional society groups. This practice leverages outreach and engenders future cooperation. Of the more than 61,000 individuals PTTC has attracted to its events since its inception, more than 15,000 have attended in the past two years. Eight-eight percent of PTTC event attendees during FY05 were from industry. The numb

Donald F. Duttlinger; E. Lance Cole

2005-11-01

264

Beyond Risk and Fear: Research Frontiers for Knowledge and Technology Transfer in Internet2  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the background and concepts relevant to understanding knowledge and technology transfer in the Internet2 project of UCAID. Drawing from presentations at the Knowledge and Technology Transfer Panel at the Internet2 Sociotechnical Summit, this paper suggests opportunities for research on technology transfer among UCAID collaborators working on new developments for advanced networking.

Martha G. Russell

265

48 CFR 970.3102-05-30-70 - Patent costs and technology transfer costs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Patent costs and technology transfer costs. 970.3102-05-30-70...3102-05-30-70 Patent costs and technology transfer costs. (a) For management...include the clause at 970.5227-3, Technology Transfer Mission, the cost...

2012-10-01

266

Technology transfer in the Life Sciences. (Latest citations from the Life Sciences Collection database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning technology transfer in the life sciences. Topics include technology transfer in biogas energy production, biotechnology, pollution control, aquaculture, agriculture, oceanography, and forestry. Technology transfer to developing countries and to small businesses, as well as university-industry partnerships, is described. (Contains a minimum of 67 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1994-03-01

267

Implications of transferring social technology to developing nations and corrective strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study primarily explores the implications of transferring social technology to developing nations. First, this hypothesis was tested: that the political factors and models used to transfer social technology to developing countries, contribute to the under-development of the receiving nations. Second, corrective strategies of transferring social technology were explored.

Alfred A. Jarrett

1989-01-01

268

48 CFR 970.3102-05-30-70 - Patent costs and technology transfer costs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Patent costs and technology transfer costs. 970.3102-05-30-70...3102-05-30-70 Patent costs and technology transfer costs. (a) For management...include the clause at 970.5227-3, Technology Transfer Mission, the cost...

2011-10-01

269

Technology Transfer from Sandia National Laboratories and Technology Commercialization by MODE/Emcore  

SciTech Connect

This case study describes a success in technology transfer out of Sandia National Laboratories that resulted in commercialization supporting both the laboratories' national security mission and economic development. This case exemplifies how the process of technology innovation stretches from national legislation to laboratory management to entrepreneurs, and then out into the community where the technology must be developed and commercialized if innovation is to occur. Two things emerged from the research for this case study that have implications for technology transfer and commercialization from other national laboratories and may also be relevant to technology commercialization out of other federal laboratories and universities. The first is the very clear theme that partnerships were critical to the ultimate successful commercialization of the technology--partnerships between public and private research groups as well as between business development groups. The second involves identifiable factors that played a role in moving the process forward to successful commercialization. All of the factors, with two significant exceptions, focused on technology and business development directly related to creating research and business partnerships. The two exceptions, a technology with significant market applications, and entrepreneurs willing and able to take the risks and accomplish the hard work of technology innovation, were initiating requirements for the process.

CLARK, KATHERINE SUE; ROMIG, ALTON D. Jr.; ANDRANOVICH, GREG

2001-04-01

270

23 CFR 420.207 - What are the requirements for research, development, and technology transfer work programs?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...requirements for research, development, and technology transfer work programs? 420.207...ADMINISTRATION Research, Development and Technology Transfer Program Management § 420...requirements for research, development, and technology transfer work programs?...

2013-04-01

271

14 CFR 1274.915 - Restrictions on sale or transfer of technology to foreign firms or institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Restrictions on sale or transfer of technology to foreign firms or institutions...Restrictions on sale or transfer of technology to foreign firms or institutions...Restrictions on Sale or Transfer of Technology to Foreign Firms or...

2013-01-01

272

23 CFR 420.205 - What is the FHWA's policy for research, development, and technology transfer funding?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...policy for research, development, and technology transfer funding? 420.205 Section...ADMINISTRATION Research, Development and Technology Transfer Program Management § 420...policy for research, development, and technology transfer funding? (a) It...

2013-04-01

273

Observations of water vapour and carbon monoxide in the Martian atmosphere with the SWC of PFS/MEX  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the history of Mars exploration its atmosphere and planetary climatology aroused particular interest. In the study of the minor gases abundance in the Martian atmosphere, water vapour became especially important, both because it is the most variable trace gas, and because it is involved in several processes characterizing the planetary atmosphere. The water vapour photolysis regulates the Martian atmosphere photochemistry, and so it is strictly related to carbon monoxide. The CO study is very important for the so-called “atmosphere stability problem”, solved by the theoretical modelling involving photochemical reactions in which the H2O and the CO gases are main characters.The Planetary Fourier Spectrometer (PFS) on board the ESA Mars Express (MEX) mission can probe the Mars atmosphere in the infrared spectral range between 200 and 2000 cm-1 (5-50 ?m) with the Long Wavelength Channel (LWC) and between 1700 and 8000 cm-1 (1.2-5.8 ?m) with the Short Wavelength Channel (SWC). Although there are several H2O and CO absorption bands in the spectral range covered by PFS, we used the 3845 cm-1 (2.6 ?m) and the 4235 cm-1 (2.36 ?m) bands for the analysis of water vapour and carbon monoxide, respectively, because these ranges are less affected by instrumental problems than the other ones. The gaseous concentrations are retrieved by using an algorithm developed for this purpose.The PFS/SW dataset used in this work covers more than two and a half Martian years from Ls=62° of MY 27 (orbit 634) to Ls=203° of MY 29 (orbit 6537). We measured a mean column density of water vapour of about 9.6 pr. ?m and a mean mixing ratio of carbon monoxide of about 990 ppm, but with strong seasonal variations at high latitudes. The seasonal water vapour map reproduces very well the known seasonal water cycle. In the northern summer, water vapour and CO show a good anticorrelation most of the time. This behaviour is due to the carbon dioxide and water sublimation from the north polar ice cap, which dilutes non-condensable species including carbon monoxide. An analogous process takes place during the winter polar cap, but in this case the condensation of carbon dioxide and water vapour causes an increase of the concentration of non-condensable species. Finally, the results show the seasonal variation of the carbon monoxide mixing ratio with the surface pressure.

Sindoni, G.; Formisano, V.; Geminale, A.

2011-02-01

274

[Development and technological transfer of functional pastas extended with legumes].  

PubMed

Development and technological transfer of functional pastas extended with legumes. Semolina pasta is a highly consumed foodstuff, the biological value of which is low because its protein is deficient in lysine. However, if the semolina is extended with legumes rich in this essential aminoacid, not only and aminoacid supplementation is produced, but also the dietary fibre and minerals are increased. In this work, pastas extended in 10% with a white variety of Phaseolus vulgaris and with Cajanus cajan were produced on a pilot plant scale, and this technology was transferred to a cooperative producing artisanal pastas. The cooking qualities and the physical, chemical, and nutritional characteristics of the pastas were evaluated, as well as the sensorial acceptability in institutionalized elderly people. The extension of the pastas with legume flours increased the optimum cooking time (15 to 20%), the weight (20% and 25%), and the loss of solids by cooking. Similarly, the functional value of the pastas increased by increasing the contents of minerals and dietary fibre. The protein content, as well as the protein digestibility in vitro also increased; however, the parameters of colour L, a and b, and the total starch content of the pastas decreased. At consumer level, the pastas extended with legumes had a good acceptability, for what it was concluded that the extension of the semolina with legume flours in the manufacture of pastas is technologically feasible. PMID:19480347

Granito, Marisela; Ascanio, Vanesa

2009-03-01

275

Security technologies and protocols for Asynchronous Transfer Mode networks  

SciTech Connect

Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) is a new data communications technology that promises to integrate voice, video, and data traffic into a common network infrastructure. In order to fully utilize ATM`s ability to transfer real-time data at high rates, applications will start to access the ATM layer directly. As a result of this trend, security mechanisms at the ATM layer will be required. A number of research programs are currently in progress which seek to better understand the unique issues associated with ATM security. This paper describes some of these issues, and the approaches taken by various organizations in the design of ATM layer security mechanisms. Efforts within the ATM Forum to address the user communities need for ATM security are also described.

Tarman, T.D.

1996-06-01

276

Technology transfer: Half-way houses. No. 17  

SciTech Connect

In the fall of 1993, 1 was asked by the Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to study the ways in which technology transfer and defense conversion had been accomplished at General Atomics (GA) and Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) by interviewing Harold Agnew, who had served as director of Los Alamos before becoming president of General Atomics in 1979, and J. Robert Beyster, who had been a staff member at Los Alamos and at General Atomics before founding SAIC in 1969. Harold Agnew readily complied with my request for an interview and also suggested that I talk to Douglas Fouquet, who is in charge of public relations at General Atomics and is their unofficial historian. Robert Beyster was not available for an interview, but, through the courtesy of John C. Hopkins, a former director of CNSS, I was able to interview SAIC`s executive vice president, Donald M. Kerr, who is also a former director at Los Alamos, and Steven Rockwood, a sector vice president at SAIC who was formerly a staff member at the Laboratory Because Agnew, Kerr, and Rockwood are all familiar with LANL, as well as with their respective companies, the interviews becam exercises In comparative analyses of technology transfer. In what follows, I have tried to summarize both the interviews and some of the research which attended them. It is the historian`s hope that by use of comparative institutional analyses, Laboratory administrators may learn something of value in directing their efforts toward the transfer of technology to private industry and other government agencies.

Seidel, R.W.

1995-05-01

277

Technology transfer of energy efficient technologies in industry: A review of trends and policy issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1995, industry accounted for 41 percent of global energy use. Although the efficiency of industrial processes has increased greatly during the past decades, energy efficiency improvements remain the major opportunity to reduce CO2 emissions. Industrialization may affect the environment adversely, stressing the need for transfer of cleaner technologies to developing countries. A review of trends, barriers and opportunities for

Ernst Worrell; Rene van Berkel; Zhou Fengqi; Christoph Menke; Roberto Schaeffer; Robert O. Williams

2000-01-01

278

Transferring and Transforming Technology Education: A Study of Norwegian Teachers' Perceptions of Ideas from Design & Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What happens when educational ideas cross national and cultural borders? How do teachers respond to ideas originating in a different school system and a different national culture? This article reports on an empirical study investigating the transfer of ideas from Design & Technology as a subject in England and Wales into Norwegian schools. A…

Bungum, Berit

2006-01-01

279

Cast Metals Coalition Technology Transfer and Program Management Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Cast Metals Coalition (CMC) partnership program was funded to ensure that the results of the Department of Energy's (DOE) metalcasting research and development (R&D) projects are successfully deployed into industry. Specifically, the CMC program coordinated the transfer and deployment of energy saving technologies and process improvements developed under separately funded DOE programs and projects into industry. The transition of these technologies and process improvements is a critical step in the path to realizing actual energy savings. At full deployment, DOE funded metalcasting R&D results are projected to save 55% of the energy used by the industry in 1998. This closely aligns with DOE's current goal of driving a 25% reduction in industrial energy intensity by 2017. In addition to benefiting DOE, these energy savings provide metalcasters with a significant economic advantage. Deployment of already completed R&D project results and those still underway is estimated to return over 500% of the original DOE and industry investment. Energy savings estimates through December 2008 from the Energy-Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (E-SMARRT) portfolio of projects alone are 12 x 1012 BTUs, with a projection of over 50 x 1012 BTUs ten years after program completion. These energy savings and process improvements have been made possible through the unique collaborative structure of the CMC partnership. The CMC team consists of DOE's Office of Industrial Technology, the three leading metalcasting technical societies in the U.S: the American Foundry Society; the North American Die Casting Association; and the Steel Founders Society of America; and the Advanced Technology Institute (ATI), a recognized leader in distributed technology management. CMC provides collaborative leadership to a complex industry composed of approximately 2,100 companies, 80% of which employ less than 100 people, and only 4% of which employ more than 250 people. Without collaboration, new technologies enabling energy efficiencies and environment-friendly improvements are slow to develop, and have trouble obtaining a broad application. The CMC team was able to effectively and efficiently transfer the results of DOE's metalcasting R&D projects to industry by utilizing and delivering the numerous communication vehicles identified in the proposal. The three metalcasting technical associations achieved significant technology transition results under this program. In addition to reaching over 23,000 people per year through Modern Casting and 28,000 through Engineered Casting Solutions, AFS had 84 national publications and reached over 1,200 people annually through Cast Metals Institute (CMI) education courses. NADCA's education department reached over 1,000 people each year through their courses, in addition to reaching over 6,000 people annually through Die Casting Engineer, and publishing 58 papers. The SFSA also published 99 research papers and reached over 1,000 people annually through their member newsletters. In addition to these communication vehicles, the CMC team conducted numerous technical committee meetings, project reviews, and onsite visits. All of these efforts to distribute the latest metalcasting technologies contributed to the successful deployment of DOE's R&D projects into industry. The DOE/CMC partnership demonstrated significant success in the identification and review of relevant and easy-to-implement metalcasting energy-saving processes and technologies so that the results are quickly implemented and become general practice. The results achieved in this program demonstrate that sustained technology transfer efforts are a critical step in the deployment of R&D projects to industry.

Gwyn, Mike

2009-03-31

280

Technology transfer at the University of Nebraska Medical Center.  

PubMed

The course of developing a new product from an idea is a complicated process. This paper will discuss that process, in detail, from conception to product. We approach this by first discussing what the inventor must do begin the process of developing his or her idea, and then two pathways that occur simultaneously: the Technology Transfer process of patenting, marketing, and licensing the invention; and the engineering process of developing, modifying, and manufacturing the invention. Although the process is lengthy and most ideas never become a marketed product, there are those few ideas that do become realized into marketed products. PMID:21335817

Matsuo, Kulia; Runge, Henry J; Miller, David J; Barak-Bernhagen, Mary A; Boedeker, Ben H

2011-01-01

281

Technology transfer package on seismic base isolation - Volume III  

SciTech Connect

This Technology Transfer Package provides some detailed information for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and its contractors about seismic base isolation. Intended users of this three-volume package are DOE Design and Safety Engineers as well as DOE Facility Managers who are responsible for reducing the effects of natural phenomena hazards (NPH), specifically earthquakes, on their facilities. The package was developed as part of DOE's efforts to study and implement techniques for protecting lives and property from the effects of natural phenomena and to support the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction. Volume III contains supporting materials not included in Volumes I and II.

NONE

1995-02-14

282

Accelerating technology transfer: new relationships for academia, industry and government.  

PubMed

The budget deficit, reduction in Defense spending and the lack of return in the "peace dividend" has resulted in reduced federal funding for research. A number of programs have attempted to remedy the problem, with the use of collaborative funding as one of the major solutions. However, within the medical research community, there continues to be a very long technology transfer cycle. By mimicking the processes of non-medical high technology research and employing a number of these innovative solutions to medical research could afford the pathway to success. A template of how this could be accomplished through cooperative efforts of academia, industry and government is presented by using examples of success and failure in the past. PMID:10180523

Satava, R M

1998-01-01

283

Savannah River Site Bagless Transfer Technology Applied at Hanford  

SciTech Connect

A ''bagless transfer'' process was developed at the Savannah River Site (SRS) to remove radioactive materials from glovebox enclosures for long-term storage in conformance with DOE Standard 3013. This process, unlike the more conventional ''bag-out'' process, produces an all-metal, helium-filled, welded storage container that does not contain materials subject to radiolytic decomposition. A Bagless Transfer System (BTS), utilizing this bagless transfer process, has been in service at SRS since August 1997. It is a semi-automated system that has proven to be very reliable during its three years of operation.The Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) at Hanford has a similar need for long-term storage of radioactive materials. The successful operation of the Savannah River Site BTS led to the selection of the same technology to fulfill the packaging need at Hanford. However, there are a number of differences between the existing SRS BTS and the system currently in operation at Hanford. These differences will be discussed in this paper. Additionally, a system is necessary to produce another all-metal, welded container into which the container produced by the BTS can be placed. This container must be in conformance with the criteria specified in DOE-STD-3013 for an outer container. SRS Engineers are developing a system (outer container welder), based on the tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding equipment used in the BTS, to produce this outer container.

Wong, J.W.

2001-01-31

284

Technology transfer: trends in the federalization of biomedical research.  

PubMed

Federal involvement in biomedical research has increased significantly in the postwar era, particularly throughout the 1980s and early 1990s. New federal laws and regulations now offer unprecedented opportunities to commercialize federally funded and conducted research, essentially creating a new field of "technology transfer" law. As a result, the biomedical research sector of the health care industry must master a number of relatively new and still developing federal laws, regulations, policies, and concerns that will probably continue to significantly affect its operations. To assist academic medical centers and others in understanding the federal presence in biomedical research, the authors give a short history of technology transfer laws and issues and summarize some of the current main areas of federal interest, including federal oversight of federally funded research, sponsored research agreements, conflict of interest, scientific misconduct, and the prospect of government price control over some biomedical inventions. The authors caution academic medical centers to realize that recent trends favoring deregulation and budget cutting could diminish federal involvement in the future. Thus, research institutions should keep abreast not only of existing rules and policies but of ongoing legislative and regulatory activities that portend possible changes. PMID:9158337

Bulleit, T N; Bonnet, S M

1996-07-01

285

NDE activities and technology transfer at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

The NDE, Photometrics, and Optical Data Reduction Department at Sandia National Laboratories in New Mexico (S provides nondestructive evaluation (NDE) support for all phases of research and development at Sandia. Present facilities and personnel provide radiography, acoustic monitoring, ultrasonic scanning, computed tomography, shearography/ESPI, infrared imaging, high speed and ultra-high speed photometrics, and image processing. Although the department includes photometrics and optical data reduction as well as NDE, I will refer to the NDE department from now on for simplicity. The NDE department has worked on technology transfer to organizations inside and outside the weapons complex. This work has been performed in all the Sandia business sectors: Defense Programs, Energy and Environment, and Work for Others. The technology transfer has been in the form of testing for product improvement such as validation of aircraft inspection equipment, consultation such as detecting lathe bearing slip for a major machine tool manufacturer, and products such as an acoustic sand detector for the oil and gas industry.

Shurtleff, W.W.

1993-12-31

286

Technology transfer - insider protection workshop (Safeguards Evaluation Method - Insider Threat)  

SciTech Connect

The Safeguards Evaluation Method - Insider Threat, developed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, is a field-applicable tool to evaluate facility safeguards against theft or diversion of special nuclear material (SNM) by nonviolent insiders. To ensure successful transfer of this technology from the laboratory to DOE field offices and contractors, LLNL developed a three-part package. The package includes a workbook, user-friendly microcomputer software, and a three-day training program. The workbook guides an evaluation team through the Safeguards Evaluation Method and provides forms for gathering data. The microcomputer software assists in the evaluation of safeguards effectiveness. The software is designed for safeguards analysts with no previous computer experience. It runs on an IBM Personal Computer or any compatible machine. The three-day training program is called the Insider Protection Workshop. The workshop students learn how to use the workbook and the computer software to assess insider vulnerabilities and to evaluate the benefits and costs of potential improvements. These activities increase the students' appreciation of the insider threat. The workshop format is informal and interactive, employing four different instruction modes: classroom presentations, small-group sessions, a practical exercise, and ''hands-on'' analysis using microcomputers. This approach to technology transfer has been successful: over 100 safeguards planners and analysts have been trained in the method, and it is being used at facilities through the DOE complex.

Strait, R.S.; Renis, T.A.

1986-01-01

287

A Toolbox for ICT Technology Transfer Professionals: A Preview of an Online Toolkit Aiming at the Acceleration of the ICT Technology Transfer Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Purpose – This paper describes a technology transfer toolbox for practitioners of which the design currently is being finalized.\\u000a The toolbox was developed within the scope of a European ICT project entitled FITT – Fostering Interregional exchange in ICT\\u000a Technology Transfer. The goal of FITT is to centralize and improve the available instruments for transferring ICT research\\u000a results from science

Itxaso Palacio Aguirre; Annelies Bobelyn

288

Technology transfer in the oceanographic sciences. (Latest citations from Oceanic Abstracts). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning technology transfer in the oceanographic sciences. Topics include technology transfer in aquaculture, energy production, sea bed mining, pollution control, shoreline protection, and coastal engineering. Use of satellite technology in resource location, communication, and navigation is described. The citations also describe technology transfer to assist developing countries. (Contains a minimum of 106 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1992-11-01

289

The Nuclear NonProliferation Treaty's Obligation to Transfer Peaceful Nuclear Energy Technology: One Proposal of a Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Essay discusses the technology transfer provisions of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (“NPT”) and describes the Radkowsky Thorium Reactor, which is being developed as a peaceful nuclear energy technology.

Seth Grae

1995-01-01

290

UNIVERSITY TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS: IMPACTS ON LOCAL AND U.S. ECONOMIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past two decades, many universities have established Offices of Technology Transfer to increase the transfer rate of certain research innovations to the private sector. More recently, some of these offices have come under pressure to increase their performance and thereby stimulate local economies. This paper discusses various technology transfer methods and presents results of a survey of university

DOUGLAS D. Parker; DAVID Zilberman

1993-01-01

291

International and domestic technology transfers and productivity growth: Firm level evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the drivers of international and domestic technology transfer strategies of firms and the impact of these transfers on firms’ productivity performance in a sample of 440 Flemish innovating firms during 2003-2006. Technology transfers may occur through R&D contracting, purchase of licenses and know how, purchase of specialized machinery, hiring of specialized personnel, and various informal channels. Analysis of

Rene Belderbos; Vincent Van Roy; Florence Duvivier

2009-01-01

292

Australian University Technology Transfer Managers: Backgrounds, Work Roles, Specialist Skills and Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Technology transfer managers are a new group of specialist professionals engaged in facilitating transfer of university research discoveries and inventions to business firms and other research users. With relatively high academic qualifications and enjoying higher salaries than many other comparable university staff, technology transfer managers…

Harman, Grant; Stone, Christopher

2006-01-01

293

Technology transfer for the US Department of Energy's Energy Storage Program: Volume 1, Recommendations  

SciTech Connect

Technologies developed by the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Energy Storage (STOR) Program must be converted into products, processes, or services that benefit the private sector. The process of technology transfer is the primary means of accomplishing this. The purpose of this report is to examine the technology transfer activities of the STOR Program and suggest mechanisms that might make the transfer of technologies from national laboratories and universities to the private sector more effective. A brief summary of recommendations that would improve the effectiveness of the transfer of energy storage technologies from the national laboratories to the private sector is discussed. 33 refs., 2 figs.

Bruneau, C.L.; Fassbender, L.L.

1988-10-01

294

Modern Times: Learning from State Initiatives in Industrial Extension and Technology Transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing number of states have initiated programs to disseminate manufacturing technologies through industrial extension services and related programs. These programs generally target small and midsize manufacturers who typically have limited resources to introduce improved manufacturing systems and upgrade their work force. This article examines five state industrial extension or technology transfer programs, looking at their approaches to technology transfer,

Philip Shapira

1990-01-01

295

POLICIES, PRACTICES AND PREJUDICES: THE HUMAN ASPECTS OF INFORMATION FOR TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology transfer has been endowed with a certain mystique. Because technology transfer is part of a much larger system, outside factors have an impact on the process and, in turn, the installation and operation of new technology affects many areas. It requires large capital, as well as dedicated human comuitment, yet its long term effect is always uncertain. Still, even

Irene S. Farkas-Conn

296

An assessment of technology transfer in Malaysian manufacturers and the impact on performance and innovativeness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology transfer through strategic technology alliances (STAs) is found to be a common initiative used by Malaysian manufacturing organizations to reap more effective outcomes. This study explores the influence of organizations' available resources, absorptive capacity and opportunistic behavior on technology transfer; as well as the resultant impact on firm performance and innovativeness. This study is based on a larger research

J. Jabar; C. Soosay

2010-01-01

297

Information to Change the World--Fulfilling the Information Needs of Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides an introduction to fulfilling the information needs of technology transfer. Highlights include a definition of technology transfer; government and university involvement; industry's role; publishers; an annotated list of information sources and contacts; technology assessment, including patent searching, competitive intelligence, and…

Duberman, Josh; Zeller, Martin

1996-01-01

298

Los Alamos National Laboratory technology transfer report, FY86: Progress report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Office for Industrial and International Initiatives serves as the initial point of contact for companies wishing access to the Laboratory's technology resources. The Office assists both industry and Laboratory personnel in the transfer process. Methods used to share technology include publications, site visits, meetings and conferences, exchange of personnel, collaborative research, and industrially sponsored research. The Laboratory's Technology Transfer

M. A. Sadler; N. A. Tellier; K. B. Freese

1987-01-01

299

The role of technology transfer for the development of a local wind component industry in Chile  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper contributes to the debate about climate change technology transfer by analysing barriers and enablers for a Chilean company starting up the production of wind blades. Literature on the role of technology transfer for the development and deployment of local renewable energy technologies in developing countries often refers to success stories in Brazil, India and China. Instead, this case

Ana Pueyo; Rodrigo García; María Mendiluce; Darío Morales

2011-01-01

300

Transferring and Transforming Technology Education: A Study of Norwegian Teachers’ Perceptions of Ideas from Design & Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

What happens when educational ideas cross national and cultural borders? How do teachers respond to ideas originating in a\\u000a different school system and a different national culture? This article reports on an empirical study investigating the transfer\\u000a of ideas from Design & Technology as a subject in England and Wales into Norwegian schools. A sample of teachers participating\\u000a in a

Berit Bungum

2006-01-01

301

Analysis and technology transfer report, 1989 and 1990  

SciTech Connect

The buildings sector used 29.6 quadrillion Btus (quads) of energy in 1989, or 36 percent of the total primary energy consumed in the United States. The major uses are for space heating and cooling, water heating, refrigeration, and lighting. Electricity is the dominant fuel, followed by natural gas, petroleum, and other fuels. Although there were dramatic improvements in energy efficiency in this sector from 1975 to 1985, in recent years energy use has grown rapidly. The large growth expected in commercial building floor space and in residential units means that total building-sector energy consumption could increase dramatically by the year 2030. The mission of the US DOE's Office of Building Technologies (OBT) is to lead a national program supporting private sector efforts to improve the energy efficiency of the nation's buildings and to increase their utilization of renewable energy sources. The Office is also responsible for energy efficiency planning and management for Federal buildings as well as buildings-related associated information, financial incentives, and regulatory functions that are determined to be appropriate for the Federal government. To accomplish its goals, OBT plans and conducts research and development to make technologies available and provides information on their effectiveness. The selection and management of OBT research activities requires an understanding of where and how energy is used within the buildings sectors, how energy use is expected to change in the future, and the potential impact of new and emerging technologies on energy use. Analysis activities serve to collect energy use information, provide the analysis necessary to apply this information to research and development planning, and develop analysis tools which the program uses to set priorities for research projects. This report summarizes analysis and technology transfer activities undertaken by OBT during 1989 and 1990. 101 refs., 19 figs., 9 tabs.

Not Available

1991-08-01

302

The new era of bioluminescence resonance energy transfer technology.  

PubMed

Bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) assay is a comparatively new cell-based assay technology that is assuming more prominent roles in the field of studying protein-protein interactions, protein dimerization and signal transduction. In the last few years BRET related research has gained significant momentum in terms of adding versatility in the assay format as well as a variety of new applications where it has been suitably used. Beyond the scope of quantitative measurement of protein-protein interactions and protein dimerization, molecular imaging applications based on BRET assays have broaden its scope as a great tool for high-throughput screening (HTS) of pharmacologically important compounds. This article will highlight the landmarks in BRET research, with those which have significant contributions towards making it an attractive single format assay that shuttles between in vitro and in vivo measurements. PMID:21342101

De, Abhijit

2011-04-01

303

Role and reality: technology transfer at Canadian universities.  

PubMed

Technology transfer offices (TTOs) play a central role in the knowledge translation and commercialization agenda of Canadian universities. Despite this presumed mandate, there is a disconnect between the expectations of government and research institutions (which view TTOs' primary role as the promotion of profitable commercialization activities) and the reality of what TTOs do. Interviews with professionals at Canadian TTOs have revealed that, at their best, TTOs support the social and academic missions of their institutions by facilitating knowledge mobilization and research relationships with other sectors, including industry; however, this does not always produce obvious or traditional commercial outputs. Thus, the existing metrics used to measure the success of TTOs do not capture this reality and, as such, realignment is needed. PMID:20598388

Bubela, Tania M; Caulfield, Timothy

2010-07-01

304

Technology transfer package on seismic base isolation - Volume II  

SciTech Connect

This Technology Transfer Package provides some detailed information for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and its contractors about seismic base isolation. Intended users of this three-volume package are DOE Design and Safety Engineers as well as DOE Facility Managers who are responsible for reducing the effects of natural phenomena hazards (NPH), specifically earthquakes, on their facilities. The package was developed as part of DOE's efforts to study and implement techniques for protecting lives and property from the effects of natural phenomena and to support the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction. Volume II contains the proceedings for the Short Course on Seismic Base Isolation held in Berkeley, California, August 10-14, 1992.

NONE

1995-02-14

305

Technology transfer package on seismic base isolation - Volume I  

SciTech Connect

This Technology Transfer Package provides some detailed information for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and its contractors about seismic base isolation. Intended users of this three-volume package are DOE Design and Safety Engineers as well as DOE Facility Managers who are responsible for reducing the effects of natural phenomena hazards (NPH), specifically earthquakes, on their facilities. The package was developed as part of DOE's efforts to study and implement techniques for protecting lives and property from the effects of natural phenomena and to support the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction. Volume I contains the proceedings of the Workshop on Seismic Base Isolation for Department of Energy Facilities held in Marina Del Rey, California, May 13-15, 1992.

NONE

1995-02-14

306

Technology transfer by means of fault tree synthesis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) attempts to model and analyze failure processes of engineering, it forms a common technique for good industrial practice. On the contrary, fault tree synthesis (FTS) refers to the methodology of constructing complex trees either from dentritic modules built ad hoc or from fault tress already used and stored in a Knowledge Base. In both cases, technology transfer takes place in a quasi-inductive mode, from partial to holistic knowledge. In this work, an algorithmic procedure, including 9 activity steps and 3 decision nodes is developed for performing effectively this transfer when the fault under investigation occurs within one of the latter stages of an industrial procedure with several stages in series. The main parts of the algorithmic procedure are: (i) the construction of a local fault tree within the corresponding production stage, where the fault has been detected, (ii) the formation of an interface made of input faults that might occur upstream, (iii) the fuzzy (to count for uncertainty) multicriteria ranking of these faults according to their significance, and (iv) the synthesis of an extended fault tree based on the construction of part (i) and on the local fault tree of the first-ranked fault in part (iii). An implementation is presented, referring to 'uneven sealing of Al anodic film', thus proving the functionality of the developed methodology.

Batzias, Dimitris F.

2012-12-01

307

Technology transfer perspectives in globalising India (drugs and pharmaceuticals and biotechnology)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper briefly outlines the status of technology transfer related issues in drugs & pharma and biotechnology sectors in\\u000a India. The paper also outlines the contemporary business strategies including R&D and technology transfer models. The study\\u000a indicates that present technology transfer policies and mechanisms are weak and need to be restructured. The current fiscal\\u000a incentives and tax concessions etc. available

S. P. Agarwal; Ashwani Gupta; R. Dayal

2007-01-01

308

Asynchronous transfer mode technology for radiologic image communication.  

PubMed

Image communication is an important component in picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) and teleradiology applications. Currently, local area networks (LANs) and wide area networks (WANs) use different technologies for image communication. Asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) is an emerging technology that can be used for both LANs and WANs. This article describes experimental results using an ATM network to transmit CT scans and digitized radiographs between the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) and Mount Zion Hospital, an affiliated community hospital in the San Francisco Bay area. The WAN connection between the two hospitals is via an ATM main switch at Pacific Bell, a local communication carrier located in Oakland, CA, which uses single-mode optical fibers. Preliminary results show that, using the ATM Optical Carrier Level 3 (OC3) (155 Mbits/sec) specification, it takes 1.3 sec and 2.7 sec to transmit a 10-Mbyte digitized radiograph and a 20-Mbyte CT scan, respectively, between the two locations. Encouraged by these results, we have designed and implemented an ATM WAN and LAN between UCSF and Mount Zion Hospital. This is the first of a three-phase project of installing a WAN serving four hospitals and one clinic in the San Francisco Bay area. PMID:7754909

Huang, H K; Arenson, R L; Dillon, W P; Lou, S L; Bazzill, T; Wong, A W

1995-06-01

309

Assessment of the utility of technology transfer guidelines as determined by the evaluation of the RESCUER program in rural Uganda  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in disseminating knowledge, particularly knowledge of new technologies, in order to facilitate development can be paramount. However, if technologies are not transferred properly, development potential can be severely limited. To address this issue, a number of lists of technology transfer guidelines have arisen to prescribe proper technology transfer practices. The purpose of

Kimberly M. Williams

2004-01-01

310

Legal Aspects of Nuclear Technology Transfer in Connection with Latin America.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper concerns technology and technology transfers which are becoming increasingly important for developing countries, especially those in South America. The author also points out that developed countries have not implemented the United Nations reso...

E. Zaldivar

1983-01-01

311

Petroleum Technology Transfer Council Semi-Annual Technical Progress Report Report Date: May 1, 2001.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of helping U.S. independent oil and natural gas producers make timely, informed technology decisions. PTTCs Board made a strategic decision to relocate the Headquarters (HQ) o...

2003-01-01

312

Moving R&D to the Marketplace, A Guidebook for Technology Transfer Managers  

SciTech Connect

This Guidebook serves as an introduction as well as a refresher for technology transfer managers. It focuses on the question: What can the Technology Transfer manager do when confronted by complex situations and events? The main functional issues addressed here concern the conduct of technology transfer in Technology Utilization programs. These R&D programs whose primary mission is to develop technologies that will be used outside of the Federal sector. Renewable energy, health care, and agricultural advances are technologies of this type. The contents of this Guidebook will be of value to managers in a variety of Federal, State, university and industry technology development and transfer programs. The general area of transferring service innovations is not covered here. The Guidebook is primarily about the development and care of hardware. This Guidebook makes no attempt to judge the value of specific technologies in meeting societal needs. Rather, it addresses the improvement of the technology transfer process itself. It does, however, include reminders that ascertainment of the social value of specific technologies is one of the important yet difficult tasks of R&D and technology transfer programs. [DJE-2005

Mock, John E.; Kenkeremath, Deepak C.; Janis, F. Timothy

1993-01-01

313

Knowledge transfer practices in multinational corporations in China's information technology industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goals of this study were to explore existing practices used to facilitate knowledge transfer in MNCs in the information technology industry in China, and to investigate the frequency of use and the influence of each practice on knowledge transfer. In addition, this study examined which types of knowledge could be transferred by a given practice. The study used a

David J. Pucel

2006-01-01

314

Multinational corporation planning and the transfer of appropriate technology to less-developed countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

First a model is contructed that best describes expectations of how multinationals have structured themselves to give attention, Transfer Consideration, to the transfer of appropriate technology to less-developed countries. It is hypothesized that the extent of Transfer Consideration is a function of three interrelated contextual factors. To test the model, the author interviewed, at their respective headquarters, corporate officials of

Mahone; C. E. Jr

1981-01-01

315

FY 05 Targeted Technology Transfer to US Independents. (Annual Report, October 1, 2004-September 30, 2005)  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) was established by domestic crude oil and natural gas producers in 1994 as a national not-for-profit organization to address the increasingly urgent need to improve the technology-transfer process in the U.S. u...

D. F. Duttlinger E. L. Cole

2005-01-01

316

Public Relations and Technology Transfer Offices: An Assessment of US Universities' Relations with Media and Government  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the importance for technology transfer offices of sound media and government relations strategies. It reports the results of a nationwide electronic survey in the USA and interviews with technology transfer managers on how they handle public relations issues in their offices. Strengths and weaknesses of their communication …

Haney, James M.; Cohn, Andrew

2004-01-01

317

Commercializing Academic Research: Resource Effects on Performance of University Technology Transfer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated factors that may explain differential performance with university technology transfer, the process of transforming research into marketable products. Utilizing multi-source data on 108 universities, a set of internal and external resources were found to be significant predictors of one or more of three technology transfer

Powers, Joshua B.

2003-01-01

318

Technology Transfer to Overseas Subsidiaries by U.S.Based Firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although economists and policymakers have devoted considerable attention to the transfer of technology by US-based multinational firms to their overseas subsidiaries, very little is known about the nature of the technology that is being transferred overseas in this way, the extent to which it leaks out to non-US competitors, the size of the benefits it confers on the host (and

Edwin Mansfield; Anthony Romeo

1980-01-01

319

Information, Cooperation, and the Blurring of Boundaries--Technology Transfer in German and American Discourses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this paper is to examine changing discursive conceptualizations of technology transfer mechanisms for speeding up innovation in Germany and the US since World War II with particular emphasis on universities. According to our analysis, the concepts of technology transfer are getting more and more complex, taking off from a linear model…

Krucken, Georg; Meier, Frank; Muller, Andre

2007-01-01

320

A New Technology Transfer Paradigm: How State Universities Can Collaborate with Industry in the USA  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In some US states, policy makers, pressed by local and regional industrial interests, are debating how to "reform" technology transfer at public universities. "Reform" in this context is generally understood to mean redirecting university technology transfer activities to increase the benefits of state-funded research to local industries.…

Renault, Catherine S.; Cope, Jeff; Dix, Molly; Hersey, Karen

2008-01-01

321

Measuring the Impact of University Technology Transfer: A Guide to Methodologies, Data Needs, and Sources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses measures that capture the impact of university technology transfer activities on a university?s local and regional economies (economic impact). Such assessments are of increasing interest to policy makers, researchers and technology transfer professionals, yet there have been few published discussions of the merits of various…

Lowe, Robert A.; Quick, Suzanne K.

2005-01-01

322

Building bridges for innovation: the role of consultants in technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent models of the innovation activity depict the process as non-linear, and characterised by multiple interactions, systems integration and complex networks. This paper examines the implications of technology transfer within such models, identifying the components of managerial capabilities required to absorb and assimilate new inputs of technology required for successful transfer. Particular attention is paid to the intermediary roles which

John Bessant; Howard Rush

1995-01-01

323

A case study on technology transfer, capacity building and sustainable development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Globalisation is triggering significant and rapid developmental changes thus creating the impetus for emerging economies to evolve towards knowledge-based societies. This evolution is fuelled in part by the transfer of technologies mostly embedded in products and services. It has become a critical challenge for developing countries to build and sustain the capacity for the transfer of Information and Communication Technologies

Joe Amadi-Echendu; George Mulamula

2010-01-01

324

Technology transfer for the US Department of Energy's Energy Storage Program: Volume 2, Appendices  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the appendices to Technology Transfer Recommendations for the US Department of Energy's Storage Program (PNL-6484, Vol. 1). These appendices are a list of projects, publications, and presentations connected with the Energy Storage (STOR) program. In Volume 1, the technology transfer activities of the STOR program are examined and mechanisms for increasing the effectiveness of those activities are recommended.

Bruneau, C.L.; Fassbender, L.L.

1988-10-01

325

Technology Transfer as an Entrepreneurial Practice in Higher Education. CELCEE Digest No. 98-9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This digest examines some of the literature on technology transfer in the context of higher education, noting that the practice of capitalizing on academic research for commercial purposes has the potential to generate financial resources for the participating institutions of higher education. Several examples of technology transfer are cited,…

Faris, Shannon K.

326

Technology Transfer as an Entrepreneurial Practice in Higher Education. CELCEE Digest No. 98-9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest examines some of the literature on technology transfer in the context of higher education, noting that the practice of capitalizing on academic research for commercial purposes has the potential to generate financial resources for the participating institutions of higher education. Several examples of technology transfer are cited,…

Faris, Shannon K.

327

University technology transfer: A conceptual model of impacting factors and phased process  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a comprehensive review of literature on university technology transfer. The success of nations depends on how efficient research can be translated into commercial products. Universities play a key role in this. There are two major areas that need to be understood to build an efficient technology transfer mechanisms. First are the characteristics of each university. The literature

Jisun Kim; Tugrul U. Daim; Timothy R. Anderson

2009-01-01

328

The exhilarating, dangerous world of technology transfer communication: success and sanity through teamwork  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing interest in technology transfer as a tool for economic development has resulted in a new genre of communication, which must appeal to audiences at several levels of technical expertise while retaining technical accuracy. Technology transfer communication products can be created in many forms, and the preparation is exciting, as is the thrill of being on the “leading edge

Suzanne F. Liebetrau; Battelle Boulevard

1994-01-01

329

Informal university technology transfer: a comparison between the United States and Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing literature has confined university technology transfer almost exclusively to formal mechanisms, like patents, licenses or royalty agreements. Relatively little is known about informal technology transfer that is based upon interactions between university scientists and industry personnel. Moreover, most studies are limited to the United States, where the Bay-Dole-Act has shaped the institutional environment since 1980. In this paper, we

Christoph Grimpe; Heide Fier

2009-01-01

330

Analyzing the Effectiveness of University Technology Transfer: Implications for Entrepreneurship Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

We review and synthesize the burgeoning literature on institutions and agents engaged in the commercialization of university-based intellectual property. These studies indicate that institutional incentives and organizational practices both play an important role in enhancing the effectiveness of technology transfer. We conclude that university technology transfer should be considered from a strategic perspective. Institutions that choose to stress the entrepreneurial

Donald S. Siegel; Phillip H. Phan

2004-01-01

331

Heterojunction solar cells produced by porous silicon layer transfer technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we present the result of heterojunction solar cells based on porous silicon layer transfer technology. a-Si/c-Si structured solar cells were prepared in which the c-Si was deposited on annealed double-layer porous silicon by low-pressure chemical vapor deposition. The structural properties and the evolvement of the double-layer porous silicon before and after thermal annealing were investigated by scanning electron microscopy. X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and a microwave photoconductive decay method were used to investigate the properties of the epitaxial silicon thin films deposited at different pressures. And, the influence of the deposition pressure on the properties of the c-silicon thin films was investigated. The spectral responses of the cells were studied by a quantum efficiency test. The results show that the epitaxial silicon thin film deposited at 100 Pa has better carrier lifetime and better spectral response. Furthermore, the Raman peak intensity of the silicon film prepared at 100 Pa is much closer to that of a monocrystalline silicon wafer. A simple solar cell structure without any light-trapping features showed an efficiency of up to 10.1 %.

Yue, Zhihao; Shen, Honglie; Zhang, Lei; Liu, Bin; Gao, Chao; Lv, Hongjie

2012-09-01

332

R&D consortia and technology transfer: Initial lessons from MCC  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses important aspects of technology transfer between MCC (the first R&D consortium to register under the\\u000a National Cooperative Research Act of 1984) and company-based personnel. An evaluation of established technology-transfer models\\u000a leads to a discussion of a parallel-processing approach and three important dimensions of the transfer process: mode, initiative,\\u000a and continuity. Differences between R&D consortia and their member

Raymond W. Smilor; David V. Gibson; Christopher M. Avery

1989-01-01

333

The Transfer of Energy Technologies in a Developing Country Context - Towards Improved Practice from Past Successes and Failures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology transfer of renewable energy technologies is very often unsuccessful in the developing world. Aside from challenges that have social, economic, financial, institutional and environmental dimensions, technology transfer has generally been misunderstood, and largely seen as mere delivery of high tech equipment from developed to developing countries or within the developing world from R&D institutions to society. Technology transfer entails

Lindiwe O. K. Mabuza; Alan C. Brent; Maxwell Mapako

2007-01-01

334

Geothermal Elastomeric Materials Technology-Transfer (GEM-TT) Program. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective, to promote broad use of the earlier developed elastomers technology appears to have been successfully accomplished. The expertise was transferred to three rubber products manufacturers, and is currently commercially available. Significant substantiation of the viability of the technology was fostered through supporting and tracking numerous test efforts in various industry laboratories and out in the field. Numerous papers were presented on the technology and information was also disseminated verbally and by providing data packages. The formal and informal technology transfer effort are described. Several secondary spin-offs also resulted. Steps toward a better understanding of the complex technology transfer process were achieved. The experience provides a data point illustrating one way that technology transfer can be accomplished and a data point which can be used to evaluate its effectiveness. And finally studies were made assessing the potential of elastomers to perform at even higher temperatures.

Hirasuna, A.R.; Friese, G.J.; Stephens, C.A.

1982-12-01

335

Information systems and technology transfer programs on geothermal energy and other renewable sources of energy  

SciTech Connect

In order to remain competitive it is necessary to stay informed and use the most advanced technologies available. Recent developments in communication, like the Internet and the World Wide Web, enormously facilitate worldwide data and technology transfer. A compilation of the most important sources of data on renewable energies, especially geothermal, as well as lists of relevant technology transfer programs are presented. Information on how to gain access to, and learn more about them is also given.

Lippmann, Marcelo J.; Antunez, Emilio u.

1996-01-24

336

Consumer Acceptance of Nutritionally Enhanced Genetically Modified Food: Relevance of Gene Transfer Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines consumer's willingness to consume different types of a nutritionally enhanced food product (i.e., breakfast cereal with calcium, omega fatty acids, or anti-oxidants) derived from grains genetically modified using two types of technologies: plant-to-plant gene transfer technology and animal-to plant gene transfer technology. Findings indicate a majority of the respondents are willing or somewhat willing to consume the

Benjamin M. Onyango; Rodolfo M. Nayga Jr.

2004-01-01

337

[Los Alamos National Laboratory industrial applications and technology transfer]. Annual report, [October 1990--September 1991  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the accomplishments of the Los Alamos Economic Development Corporation (LAEDC) under its contract with the Industrial Applications Office (IAO). The LAEDC has: provided business planning assistance to potential entrepreneurs, assisted IAO in preparing and distributing informational materials on technology, organized and managed meetings and seminars on technology transfer and entrepreneurship, identified new opportunities for technology transfer, and identified and implemented programs for the recognition of Laboratory entrepreneurs.

Not Available

1991-10-31

338

Research and Technology Transfer Ion Implantation Technology for Specialty Materials: Proceedings of a Joint Workshop Held in Knoxville, Tennessee on 26-27 October 1989.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The ion implantation research and technology transfer workshop brought together a diverse group of academic, industrial and government participants. Several key issues highlighted were: (1) A need exists for new technology transfer infrastructures between...

R. R. Reeber

1991-01-01

339

Commercial feasibility of embryo transfer technology: a case study.  

PubMed

The owner of a 500-cow Holstein herd requested economic assessment of his embryo transfer program. Actual net economic benefit was determined from marginal cost and present value of lifetime milk predicted from first lactations of 24 cows produced by embryo transfer compared with those of their 51 contemporaries sired by artificial insemination. Actual average pregnancy rate was 60% by embryo transfer or AI. An average of 5.5 transferable embryos was obtained per collection, which produced 1.37 cows in first lactation. Additional milk from embryo transfer cows was from more intensive selection of sires. Additional milk from the donor cows did not differ from zero. Actual marginal cost of a replacement by embryo transfer was +215, but it would have been +200 with same +25/unit semen price as contemporaries. If donors had been from the elite 5% for transmitting ability in milk, present value of gain in milk (5% real interest rate) ignoring additional feed costs would have been less than the cost of embryo transfer. For management and costs similar to this case, embryo transfer is not economically justified for producers earning income primarily from the sale of milk. PMID:3680740

Martin, D L; Knutson, R D; Blake, R W; Tomaszewski, M A

1987-10-01

340

Welfare gains from Foreign Direct Investment through technology transfer to local suppliers  

Microsoft Academic Search

We hypothesize that multinational firms operating in emerging markets transfer technology to local suppliers to increase their productivity and to lower input prices. To avoid hold-up by any single supplier, the foreign firm must make the technology widely available. This technology diffusion induces entry and more competition which lowers prices in the supply market. As a result, not just the

Garrick Blalock; Paul J. Gertler

2008-01-01

341

R&D and Technology Transfer: Firm-Level Evidence from Chinese Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

In bridging the technology gap with the OECD nations, developing economies have access to three avenues of technological advance: domestic R&D, technology transfer, and foreign direct investment. This paper examines the contributions of each of these avenues, as well as their interactions, to productivity within Chinese industry. Based on a large data set for China's large and medium-size enterprises, the

Albert G. Z. Hu; Gary H. Jefferson; Qian Jinchang

2005-01-01

342

Effects of cultural difference on technology transfer projects: an empirical study of Taiwanese manufacturing companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the major concerns in managing an international technology transfer (TT) is the potential communication difficulty that could arise because of the cultural difference between the technology provider and the technology receiver. However, the role that cultural difference plays in a TT project is not clearly discussed in the literature. This study provides empirical evidence suggesting that cultural difference

Bou-Wen Lin; Daniel Berg

2001-01-01

343

Transfer of health care technology in university-industry research collaboration environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional innovation research has focused on the diffusion process and adoption of new technologies. This paper deals with health care technology in the early innovation stages preceding targeted development and marketing. A model of early research processes in the biomedical field and determinants of technology transfer will be presented. The study material is eleven projects in the Competence Center

K. Roback; U. Hass; J. Persson

2001-01-01

344

Organizational Modularity and Intra-University Relationships Between Entrepreneurship Education and Technology Transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both university technology licenses and entrepreneurship education have witnessed remarkable growth in the past two decades. These activities may be complementary in many respects, as when participation in an entrepreneurship program prepares a student to start a company based on university technology, or when technology transfer personnel provide resources and expertise for an entrepreneurship course. At the same time, however,

Andrew Nelson; Thomas Byers

345

USEPA SITE PROGRAM APPROACH TO TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND REGULATORY ACCEPTANCE  

EPA Science Inventory

The SITE Program was created to meet the increased demand for innovative technologies for hazardous waste treatment. To accomplish this mission, the program seeks to advance the development, implementation and commercialization of innovative technologies for hazardous waste chara...

346

The Effects of Stronger Intellectual Property Rights on Technology Transfer: Evidence from Japanese Firm-level Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is noteworthy that intra-firm technology transfer has grown rapidly in recent years as a major part of international technology transfer. This paper presents empirical analysis of the effect of stronger Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) on technology transfer from parent firm to its subsidiaries in foreign country. The results of empirical test, based on the firm-level panel data of Japanese

Ryuhei Wakasugi; Banri Ito

2007-01-01

347

'Please do not lean on the computer. It has feelings too.': The relationships transferred by humans to technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis explores technology and computer transference. Technology and computer transference refers to the understandings about people and animals projected onto technologies and computers. It describes a 'felt' sense of the object as an 'Other', as a social entity and agent. A methodology for examining transference was developed and trialled during a series of three studies to determine its frequency,

Jocelyn R Harper

2007-01-01

348

Technology transfer in the life sciences. (Latest citations from the Life Sciences Collection data base). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning technology transfer in the life sciences. Topics include technology transfer in biogas energy production, biotechnology, pollution control, aquaculture, agriculture, oceanography, and forestry. Technology transfer to developing countries and to small businesses, as well as university-industry partnerships, is described. (Contains a minimum of 71 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1992-09-01

349

Joint ventures as vehicles of technology transfer to the Third World  

SciTech Connect

This dissertation evaluates the extent to which: (1) joint ventures between multinational corporations (MNCs) and the Third World countries are positive vehicles of technology transfer; and (2) technology transfer can be successfully completed but the project can be of questionable utility to the recipient country. The major steps in this study are to examine the practices and behavior of MNCs with regard to technology transfer in countries with different political structures and levels of development; to study the relations between joint ventures and host countries, and thereby analyze these countries' capacity to absorb technology; and to examine host country regulations governing foreign investment, and their impact on technology transfer. The comparative rates of success in technology transfer for Yugoslavia, India, and Indonesia, given their experience with US-based MNCs are analyzed. A principal finding is that joint ventures can be successful at the limited goal of technology transfer, but may not be able to sustain themselves when the project involves a great deal of capital or other scarce resources.

Lenac, H.

1985-01-01

350

Report of the workshop on transferring X-ray Lithography Synchrotron (XLS) technology to industry  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on plans to develop an x-ray synchrotron for use in lithography. The primary concern of the present paper is technology transfer from national laboratories to private industry. (JDH)

Marcuse, W.

1987-01-01

351

Assessing the Economic Impacts of University R&D and Identifying Roles for Technology Transfer Officers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Sets forth guidelines for assessing the economic impact of university research and development and identifies what may become the roles and responsibilities of technology transfer officers in the assessment process. (Author/JOW)|

Link, Albert N.

2000-01-01

352

Transfer of technology for production of rabies vaccine: Memorandum from a WHO Meeting*  

PubMed Central

The important challenge of prevention and control of rabies in the world will require international efforts to increase the availability and use of high quality cell-culture rabies vaccines for use in man and animals. An important aspect of activities to ensure such availability is transfer of technologies to developing countries for production of these vaccines. This article, which is based on the report of a WHO Consultation, outlines the technical options for vaccine production. The principles and economic aspects of technology transfer are considered, and a WHO assistance programme is outlined. It is concluded that technology transfer should be mediated through a framework of national institutes, expert panels, WHO collaborating centres, production and control laboratories, and other relevant institutions. On this basis, recommendations are made concerning the mechanisms of technology transfer for production of cell-culture rabies vaccines.

1985-01-01

353

Use of Broker Organizations in Technology Transfer and Research Utilization for the Buildings Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Several broker organizations are already an active part of the technology transfer and research utilization activities of DOE's Building Systems Division. These interactions often take the form of service on broker organization or DOE task forces and revi...

E. D. Copenhaver

1985-01-01

354

Academic technology transfer and radiology: a strong partnership for the future.  

PubMed

To date, technology transfer from academia to industry has been strongest in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical sector. The medical imaging and medical device industries have traditionally been smaller players and, as a result, some, perhaps many, investigators in radiology are unaware of the potential value of technology transfer and the opportunity to receive sponsorship for research from medical imaging companies. Many investigators are also unaware of opportunities to introduce important academic discoveries into clinical practice through licensing and technology transfer. These untapped opportunities are not only valuable, but also are becoming more and more important in light of the ever-increasing difficulties associated with sustaining and receiving new government funding. The goal of this article is to provide academic scientists in the field of radiology with insights about the key aspects of the technology transfer process, including observations about inventions, intellectual property, and industry-sponsored research. PMID:17964453

Eusemann, Christian D; Sammons, Barry E; Holmes, David R; Brady, Thomas J; Erenburg, Irina; Toneguzzo, Frances

2007-11-01

355

The transfer of disruptive technologies: Lessions learned from Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories has learned through their process of technology transfer that not all high tech transfers are alike. They are not alike by the nature of the customers involved, the process of becoming involved with these customers and finally and most importantly the very nature of the technology itself. Here they focus on technology transfer in the microsystems arena and specifically the sacrificial surface version of microsystems. They have learned and helped others learn that many MEMS applications are best realized through the use of surface micromachining (SMM). This is because SMM builds on the substantial integrated circuit industry. In this paper they review Sandia's process for transferring a disruptive MEMS technology in numerous cases.

MCBRAYER,JOHN D.

2000-04-19

356

48 CFR 970.2770-3 - Technology transfer and patent rights.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2770-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AGENCY SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING...agreements with public and private entities for purposes of conducting research and development and transferring technology to...

2012-10-01

357

48 CFR 970.2770-3 - Technology transfer and patent rights.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2770-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AGENCY SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING...agreements with public and private entities for purposes of conducting research and development and transferring technology to...

2011-10-01

358

Technology transfer at Department of Energy and Office of Fusion Energy  

SciTech Connect

Technology transfer is a timely topic. International and national events have come together in a way that has motivated the federal government to use the major technology resources at government labs to help strengthen the economy. Within DOE, industry business principles are being employed in support of technology transfer. The question, {open_quotes}Who is the customer?{close_quotes} is being asked more and more. A transition is occurring from {open_quotes}technology-push{close_quotes} to {open_quotes}market pull.{close_quotes}

Marton, W. [Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

1993-12-01

359

A Study of Tacit Knowledge Transfer Based on Complex Networks Technology in Hierarchical Organizations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In reality, most economic entities are hierarchical organizations. But in the hierarchical organizations tacit knowledge can be transferred across different hierarchies even across different departments. By use of complex networks technology, a hierarchical organization’s framework is modeled in this paper. Through quantifying a number of technical datas we analyze and have a research on the transfer distance and the optimum tacit knowledge transfer path in hierarchy networks.

Cheng, Tingting; Wang, Hengshan; Wang, Lubang

360

Reverse Technology Transfer: A Patent Citation Analysis of the European Chemical and Pharmaceutical sectors  

Microsoft Academic Search

One consequence of the internationalisation of R&D, particularly in high-tech sectors such as chemicals and pharmaceuticals, may be the transfer of foreign technology from the multinational to other firms in its home country. This phenomenon, which may be termed inter-firm reverse technology transfer, has not yet been directly analysed by either the international management literature or the literature on foreign

Paola Criscuolo

2002-01-01

361

What drives the university use of technology transfer offices? Evidence from Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last 20 years, universities have made steady progress in their efforts to foster the process of technology transfer\\u000a through collaboration with industry. The establishment of technology transfer offices (TTO) has become routine for supporting\\u000a the commercialization of academic research. However, the literature shows that there are many factors that affect the efficiency\\u000a and effectiveness of these offices. Based on

Alessandro Muscio

2010-01-01

362

Interest in technology transfer across academic disciplines: Publication trends, 1981 Thru 1989  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interest in technology transfer across academic disciplines highlights this paper. We reviewed an abstracting service via\\u000a computer for the years 1981 thru 1989, concentrating on publication titles that included any of four key terms: diffusion\\u000a of innovation; intrapreneurshipl internal corporate venturing; and technology transfer. This computerized search located 828\\u000a pages in science and engineering and 1765 pages in the social

W. Austin Spivey; J. Michael Munson; William T. Flannery

1990-01-01

363

Determination of effective university–industry joint research for photovoltaic technology transfer (UIJRPTT) in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the literatures related to university–industry (U–I) and technology transfer assume that the collaboration particularly the U–I joint research is beneficial to both university and industry which as a result underpins the sustainable development of economics and living standards of developed and developing countries. The U–I joint research for photovoltaic technology transfer in a developing country like Thailand should

Pornpimol Sugandhavanija; Sukruedee Sukchai; Nipon Ketjoy; Sakol Klongboonjit

2011-01-01

364

Comparative Study of Technology Transfer Practices in Europe and the USA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Technology transfer practices in the European Union emphasize industry-science relationships and protection of intellectual property. The United States has impressive success in transfer for commercial application due to the regulatory environment. Global interaction of research, industry, and international patent systems is needed to manage a…

de Juan, Veronica

2003-01-01

365

Technology and Knowledge Transfer in the Graz Region Ten Years of Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Technology and knowledge transfer from universities to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is seen as one way to strengthen a region's innovation capability. But what if SMEs do not want to play along? Looking back at some 10 years' experience of supporting SMEs, the authors describe in detail the 'Active Knowledge Transfer' programme,…

Hofer, Franz; Adametz, Christoph; Holzer, Franz

2004-01-01

366

University-Industry Technology Transfer programme's success analysis: Using the Analytic Hierarchy Process-based model  

Microsoft Academic Search

University-Industry Technology Transfer (UITT) is the transfer of innovations or research results from a university to the industrial and commercial marketplace. UITT can be a source of financial gain for both universities and industries. To promote and enhance the success of a UITT programme, the management team needs to understand the necessary resources and managing operations required for successful implementation,

N. Somsuk

2010-01-01

367

International Student Mobility: Some Consequences of a Form of Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the effects of international student mobility as a form of technology transfer. Focuses on the growth of international student exchange between the United States and developing countries, and at how foreign students can affect the transfer of skills between the United States and other countries. Concludes that such exchanges are mutually…

Heller, Peter B.

1989-01-01

368

Assessing the Suitability of Process and Information Technology in Supporting Tacit Knowledge Transfer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The transfer of tacit knowledge, one of the most important issues in the knowledge sharing context, needs a multi-dimensional perception in its process. Information technology's (IT) supporting role has already been addressed in the process of tacit knowledge transfer. However, IT has its own characteristics, and in turn, may have dissimilar…

Wu, Chien-Hsing; Kao, Shu-Chen; Shih, Lan-Hsin

2010-01-01

369

COMPETENCE TRANSFER FROM OLD TIMERS TO NEWCOMERS IN THE CONTEXT OF A TECHNOLOGY COMPANY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This conceptual ,paper ,addresses ,the ,question ,of how ,the ,competencies ,of old timers are transferred to newcomers ,in the context of a technology company. First, an individual’s personal competence is analysed and further illustrated by focusing on how it alters in the course of his or her working life. Second, competence,transferring ,process ,is analysed ,by the ,tool ‘Holistic Concept

Kaj U. Koskinen; Pekka Pihlanto

370

Transfer of technology to developing countries: Unilateral and multilateral policy options  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes national and international policy options to encourage the international transfer of technology, distinguishing between four major channels of such transfer: trade in products, trade in knowledge, direct foreign investment and intra- national and international movement of people. A typology of country 'types' and appropriate policy rules of thumb is developed as a guide to both national policymakers

Kamal Saggi; Keith E. Maskus

2005-01-01

371

The Green Revolution as a Case Study in Transfer of Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The green revolution was a transfer of the idea of fertilizer-responsive grain varieties and the capacity to develop them from temporate countries to the countries of South and Southeast Asia, the Middle East, and Latin America. Key actors in this transfer of technology included the public research institutions in the less-developed countries (LDCs), the International Agricultural Research Centers, the Ford

Carl E. Pray

1981-01-01

372

Environmental Policy, Technology Substitution and Cross-Media Transfers. Livestock Series Report 6  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a framework to analyze environmental policy when the transfer of pollutants from one medium to another is deemed important. The authors characterize the conditions under which such cross-media transfers are socially beneficial, and provide criteria for the choice of technologies as functions of the society's preferences for different environmental media. Society's solution is shown to lead to

Edward Osei; Bruce A. Babcock

1996-01-01

373

Influenza vaccine production for Brazil: a classic example of successful North-South bilateral technology transfer.  

PubMed

Technology transfer is a promising approach to increase vaccine production at an affordable price in developing countries. In the case of influenza, it is imperative that developing countries acquire the technology to produce pandemic vaccines through the transfer of know-how, as this will be the only way for the majority of these countries to face the huge demand for vaccine created by influenza pandemics. Access to domestically produced influenza vaccine in such health crises is thus an important national defence strategy. However, technology transfer is not a simple undertaking. It requires a committed provider who is willing to transfer a complete production process, and not just the formulation and fill-finish parts of the process. It requires a recipient with established experience in vaccine production for human use and the ability to conduct research into new developments. In addition, the country of the recipient should preferably have sufficient financial resources to support the undertaking, and an internal market for the new vaccine. Technology transfer should create a solid partnership that results in the joint development of new competency, improvements to the product, and to further innovation. The Instituto Butantan-sanofi pasteur partnership can be seen as a model for successful technology transfer and has led to the technological independence of the Instituto Butantan in the use a strategic public health tool. PMID:21684420

Miyaki, Cosue; Meros, Mauricio; Precioso, Alexander R; Raw, Isaias

2011-07-01

374

Case Studying Technology Transfer in an Objective 1 Area  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two major initiatives are in place in Wales that aim to create a strong and internationally competitive small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) sector. These are the Technology Exploitation Programme (TEP) and the Centres of Excellence for Technology and Industrial Collaboration (CETIC) programme. The Materials Centre of Excellence at the…

Lavery, N.; Stratford, G.

2003-01-01

375

Technology Transfer Trends in the Department of Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR), U.S. Department of Education, is the only federal agency mandated to improve the functional capabilities of people with disabilities. The application of technology is one means for addressing this mandate, so NIDRR operates programs that research, develop and commercialize assistive technology devices and services. To support this activity, the NIDRR collaborates

William Peterson

2003-01-01

376

Identification of High Risk Intermediaries in Global Networks Transferring Sensitive Technology and Information  

SciTech Connect

The management challenge facing modern non-proliferation regimes is one of long-term, multi-step technology diffusion. Because terrorist groups and other non-state sanctioned actors have demonstrated that sensitive technology can be acquired from both members and non-members of the export control regimes and then retransferred through intermediate transactions, technology diffusion in the global economy suggests that indirect and intangible technology transfer mechanisms are broadly influential in building capacity for weapons programs. This paper defines a methodology for investigating these transfer mechanisms and identifying patterns of sensitive technology trade within the context of global economic networks. Applying a network paradigm to sensitive technology transactions, statistical models of trade can infer underlying network structures that facilitate the diffusion of technology and information. This approach shows that relatively compact sets of intermediate countries can be positioned, in the sense of 'economic distance', between suppliers and recipients to efficiently transfer sensitive technologies. By identifying the sensitive information network pathways and intermediaries of concern, policy makers can better evaluate enhancements to multilateral supply regimes and promote an overarching standard of behavior beyond existing export controls that facilitates legitimate, legal trade networks while reducing the risk of sensitive technology transfer.

Wood, Thomas W.; Reichmuth, Barbara A.; Weimar, Mark R.; O'Brien, Robert F.; Milazzo, Matthew D.

2007-01-11

377

Oil and gas technology transfer activities and potential in eight major producing states. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

In 1990, the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (the Compact) performed a study that identified the structure and deficiencies of the system by which oil and gas producers receive information about the potential of new technologies and communicate their problems and technology needs back to the research community. The conclusions of that work were that major integrated companies have significantly more and better sources of technology information than independent producers. The majors also have significantly better mechanisms for communicating problems to the research and development (R&D) community. As a consequence, the Compact recommended analyzing potential mechanisms to improve technology transfer channels for independents and to accelerate independents acceptance and use of existing and emerging technologies. Building on this work, the Compact, with a grant from the US Department Energy, has reviewed specific technology transfer organizations in each of eight major oil producing states to identify specific R&D and technology transfer organizations, characterize their existing activities, and identify potential future activities that could be performed to enhance technology transfer to oil and gas producers. The profiles were developed based on information received from organizations,follow-up interviews, site visit and conversations, and participation in their sponsored technology transfer activities. The results of this effort are reported in this volume. In addition, the Compact has also developed a framework for the development of evaluation methodologies to determine the effectiveness of technology transfer programs in performing their intended functions and in achieving desired impacts impacts in the producing community. The results of that work are provided in a separate volume.

Not Available

1993-07-01

378

How Colleges Get More Bang (or Less) from Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Uses the University of Michigan and three other colleges (University of Maryland--Baltimore County, Brigham Young University, and Washington University) to illustrate the varied approaches to capitalizing financially on campus research by deciding what constitutes success. Includes a "tech-transfer scorecard" listing the highest-ranking…

Blumenstyk, Goldie

2002-01-01

379

Mass flow and heat transfer characteristics of lift tube technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

An innovative vertical transport tube system has been developed to enhance heat transfer between fluidized beds and axial solids circulation within a fluidized bed reactor. Vertical lift tubes pick up particles from the bottom of the reactor, carry them through a fluidized bed burner before discharging them above the reactor bed surface. A full-scale experimental setup was designed to test

Michael Jacobson; Cedric Briens; Franco Berruti

2008-01-01

380

Nonviral jet-injection technology for intratumoral in vivo gene transfer of naked DNA.  

PubMed

The main challenges for application of gene therapy to patients are poor selectivity in vector targeting, insufficient gene transfer, and great difficulties in systemic treatment in association with safety concerns for particular vector systems. For success in gene therapy, safe, applicable, and efficient transfer technologies are required. Because of the complex nature of targeted vector delivery to the tumor, our strategy for gene therapy is focused on the development of local nonviral gene transfer. This approach of local interference with tumor growth and progression could contribute to better control of the disease. Transfer of naked DNA is an important alternative to liposomal or viral systems. Different physical procedures are used for improved delivery of naked DNA into the target cells or tissues in vitro and in vivo. Among the various nonviral gene delivery technologies, jet-injection is gaining increased attractiveness, because this technique allows gene transfer into different tissues with deep penetration of naked DNA by circumventing the disadvantages associated with, e.g., viral vectors. The jet-injection technology is based on jets of high velocity for penetration of the skin and underlaying tissues, associated with efficient transfection of the affected area. The jet-injection technology has been successfully applied for in vivo gene transfer in different tumor models. More importantly, the efficacy and safety of jet-injection gene transfer have recently been investigated in a phase I clinical trial. PMID:19565904

Walther, Wolfgang; Fichtner, Iduna; Schlag, Peter M; Stein, Ulrike S

2009-01-01

381

Workshop on 'New Engineering Technology Transfer in Orthopaedic Surgery'.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This workshop was sponsored primarily by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeon (AAOS) to discuss the emerging technology of digital image graphics, robotics, and computer information and their potential im...

E. Chao

1999-01-01

382

Technology Transfer of Operator-in-the-Loop Simulation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The technology developed for operator-in-the-loop simulation in space teleoperation has been applied to Caterpillar's backhoe, wheel loader, and off-highway truck. On an SGI workstation, the simulation integrates computer modeling of kinematics and dynami...

K. H. Yae H. C. Lin T. C. Lin H. P. Frisch

1994-01-01

383

Brookhaven National Laboratory Technology Transfer Report, Fiscal Year 1987.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Brookhaven Office of Research and Technology Applications (ORTA) inaugurated two major initiatives. The effort by our ORTA in collaboration with the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) has succeeded in alerting American industry to the potential ...

1987-01-01

384

Gaps, barriers and conceptual chasms: theories of technology transfer and energy in buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Having shown how much energy might be saved through the use of economically worthwhile measures and technologies, researchers and policy makers then find themselves trying to close the gap between current practice and recognised technical potential. The ensuing process of technology transfer is often seen as a process of overcoming ‘non technical barriers’ which inhibit the realisation of proven technical

Elizabeth Shove

1998-01-01

385

Beyond Technology Transfer: Us State Policies to Harness University Research for Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the recent history of State-level policies in the United States for knowledge-based economic development, and identifies an emerging model based on technology creation. This new model goes beyond traditional investments in technology transfer and prioritizes cutting-edge scientific research in economically relevant fields. As…

Geiger, Roger L.; Sa, Creso

2005-01-01

386

The emerging role of lean infrastructures in technology transfer: The case of the Innovation Plaza project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology transfer is becoming a critical factor in determining the speed of technological progress both of a geographical area and of industries, and in playing a critical role in long-term economic growth. For this reason, there has been a proliferation of infrastructures aimed at facilitating the diffusion of innovation both among firms and between universities and firms. Most of these

Giovanni Azzone; Paolo Maccarrone

1997-01-01

387

Geothermal technology transfer for direct heat applications: Final report, 1983--1988  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes a geothermal technology transfer program, performed by Oregon Institute of Technology's Geo-Heat Center, used to aid in the development of geothermal energy for direct heat applications. It provides a summary of 88 technical assistance projects performed in 10 states for space heating, district heating, green-houses, aquaculture, industrial processing, small scale binary electric power generation and heat pump

P. J. Lienau; G. Culver

1988-01-01

388

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO U.S. INDEPENDENT OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of helping U.S. independent oil and gas producers make timely, informed technology decisions during Fiscal Year 2000 (FY00). Functioning as a cohesive national organization, PTTC has active grassroots programs through its ten Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs) who bring research and academia to the table via their association with geological surveys

2000-01-01

389

Final administrative report for technology transfer and information dissemination, January 1, 1982March 31, 1983  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Geo-Heat Center was established in 1974 as a result of an International Geothermal Conference held at Oregon Institute of Technology for the purpose of providing an information exchange and technology transfer on the direct use of geothermal from both the USA and international sources. This was accomplished by establishing an information dissemination program, conducting applied research and working on

Lienau

1983-01-01

390

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO U.S. INDEPENDENT OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of helping U.S. independent oil and gas producers make timely, informed technology decisions during Fiscal Year 2001 (FY01). Functioning as a cohesive national organization, PTTC has active grassroots programs through its ten Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs). They bring research and academia to the table via their association with geological surveys

Donald Duttlinger

2001-01-01

391

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO U.S. INDEPENDENT OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of assisting U.S. independent oil and gas producers make timely, informed technology decisions by providing access to information during Fiscal Year 2002 (FY02). Functioning as a cohesive national organization, PTTC has active grassroots programs through its ten Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs) and three satellite offices that efficiently extend the program

2002-01-01

392

Relevance and alignment of Real-Client Real-Project courses via technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is often claimed Real-Client Real-Project (RCRP) courses are important providers of industry relevant experience and skills to students. How do we know this is so? We cannot prove this or improve RCRP industry relevance without tangible evidence. Here we suggest that the degree an industry partner is willing to accept technology transfer for technologies used within an RCRP course

LiGuo Huang; Daniel Port

2011-01-01

393

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO U.S. INDEPENDENT OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of helping U.S. independent oil and natural gas producers make timely, informed technology decisions. Networking opportunities that occur with a Houston Headquarters (HQ) location are increasing name awareness. Focused efforts by Executive Director Don Duttlinger to interact with large independents, national service companies and some majors are continuing to supplement

2003-01-01

394

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO U.S. INDEPENDENT OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of helping U.S. independent oil and natural gas producers make timely, informed technology decisions. Networking opportunities that occur with a Houston Headquarters (HQ) location are increasing name awareness. Focused efforts by Executive Director Don Duttlinger to interact with large independents, national service companies and some majors are continuing to supplement

2002-01-01

395

Transferring gas-turbine technologies to the former Soviet Union: Opportunities and problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new nations of the Commonwealth of Independent States are notoriously energy- inefficient. States like Russia and Ukraine seek technologies from the West that will improve efficient combustion of fossil fuels. Recently, scientists in the United States and the former Soviet Union have explored the idea of transferring technologies to Russia and Ukraine to develop and mass-produce aeroderivative gas turbines,

Matthew R. Auer

1993-01-01

396

The transfer of single cell protein technology to the petroleum exporting Arab states  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The current status of hydrocarbon and petrochemical based single cell protein (SCP) technologies is assessed with respect to process commercialization. The applicability of such SCP processes for the strategic production of food and feed ingredients in the oil exporting Arab states of the Middle East and North Africa is examined. The possibility of transferring European-developed SCP process technology for

G. Hamer; I. Y. Hamdan

1985-01-01

397

University-enterprise technology transfer for education and training about industrial processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors present a multidisciplinary project called PROPYME, which is a team effort of the University of Vigo (Spain) and the FEUGA autonomous government foundation (Galicia, North West of Spain), both supported by several industrial enterprises from the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) market. The main purpose of PROPYME project was to accomplish an innovative technology-transfer task from university industrial

Perfecto Mariño; Miguel A. Domínguez; Santiago Otero; Miguel Merino

2008-01-01

398

Technology transfer in a changing national security environment. Final report May-Nov 90  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines U.S. export control, with particular emphasis on technology transfer as it affects our relationship with Japan. It describes the evolution of export control in the United States, including the Bucy Report, the impact of Afghanistan, and policy changes regarding the People's Republic of China. U.S. control mechanisms for critical technology currently in place are described; these include

R. A. Finkler; G. L. Boezer; E. J. Foss; N. D. Jorstad; A. J. Ramsbotham

1990-01-01

399

Information technology transfer to a developing country: executive information systems in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Notes that, like the technology itself, almost all research in information systems originates in Western countries, particularly the USA, where conditions are very different from developing countries. In order to examine the implications of transferring information technology to the developing countries, identifies four Turkish organizations which had pioneered executive information systems (EIS). Conducts extensive interviews with both the executive users

Melih Kirlidog

1997-01-01

400

Case study on the technology transfer of D-ATIS (digital automatic terminal information service) technology into the Air Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transferring small-scale technology into the air traffic control environment of the Air Force is currently beset by hurdles leading to high developmental costs and lengthy times between operational testing and deployment of systems to end-users. The following paper tracks the movement of a small-scale technology, the Automated Lingual Expert Information System (ALEXIS), through different phases of development while illustrating some

I. M. Blasch; S. Knauber; T. Deeter

1997-01-01

401

Internet and technology transfer in acute care hospitals in the United States: survey-2000.  

PubMed

This paper provides the results of the survey-2000 measuring technology transfer and, specifically, Internet usage. The purpose of the survey was to measure the levels of Internet and Intranet existence and usage in acute care hospitals. The depth of the survey includes e-commerce for both business-to-business and customers. These results are compared with responses to the same questions in survey-1997. Changes in response are noted and discussed. This information will provide benchmarks for hospitals to plan their network technology position and to set goals. This is the third of three articles based upon the results of the survey-2000. Readers are referred to prior articles by the author, which discuss the survey design and provide a tutorial on technology transfer in acute care hospitals. (1) Thefirst article based upon the survey results discusses technology transfer, system design approaches, user involvement, and decision-making purposes. (2) PMID:11708395

Hatcher, M

2001-12-01

402

Technology transfer to small-medium firms in late-developing areas: the concept of technology notoriety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology transfer processes occur with great difficulty, and often, unsuccessfully in socially and economically late developing areas. Even though most of the firms in these areas perceive the need to innovate in order to find a solution to latent problems, they are not able to satisfy this need by themselves. Moreover, few of them are able to express a clear

E. Corti; C. I. Storto

2000-01-01

403

EXHIBIT OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND SUPPORT DIVISION PUBLICATIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

TTSD helps NRMRL meet its goal of providing information to the community, regulators, environmental consultants and decision makers to keep them aware of the latest advances in risk management approaches and decision options. They achieve this goal by producing technology transfe...

404

Roadmap for successful information technology transfer for small businesses  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is recognised that information and communications technologies (ICT) have the potential to radically transform company operations [4], particularly when the company belongs to the set of small\\/medium enterprises (SMEs) [9]. However, one of the major obstacles in effecting a successful transformation is the lack of knowledge, on the part of SME management and staff, regarding the best way to

Mike Chesher; Walter Skok

2000-01-01

405

72 - Technology Transfer for Agriculture Growth in Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper searches for the most effective technology for agricultural growth in Africa on the basis of FAO data available during the last forty years. The paper discusses the challenges for agricultural growth and evaluates the development assistance that was made by donors to the agricultural sector in Africa in comparison to the sector’s performance and its growth during the

Moussa Sami Zaki

2002-01-01

406

Copy EXACTLY! A paradigm shift in technology transfer method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Semiconductor manufacturing is characterized by very complex process flows, with many individual process steps, many of which are built to very close tolerances. Furthermore complex interactions exist, whereby each process step can effect many other steps, and each final device parameter might be determined by the results from many inputs. This level of complexity is increasing with each new technology

C. J. McDonald

1997-01-01

407

Transferring building energy technologies by linking government and private-sector programs  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy's Office of Building Technologies (OBT) may wish to use existing networks and infrastructures wherever possible to transfer energy-efficiency technologies for buildings. The advantages of relying on already existing networks are numerous. These networks have in place mechanisms for reaching audiences interested in energy-efficiency technologies in buildings. Because staffs in trade and professional organizations and in state and local programs have responsibilities for brokering information for their members or client organizations, they are open to opportunities to improve their performance in information transfer. OBT, as an entity with primarily R D functions, is, by cooperating with other programs, spared the necessity of developing an extensive technology transfer program of its own, thus reinventing the wheel.'' Instead, OBT can minimize its investment in technology transfer by relying extensively on programs and networks already in place. OBT can work carefully with staff in other organizations to support and facilitate their efforts at information transfer and getting energy-efficiency tools and technologies into actual use. Consequently, representatives of some 22 programs and organizations were contacted, and face-to-face conversations held, to explore what the potential might be for transferring technology by linking with OBT. The briefs included in this document were derived from the discussions, the newly published Directory of Energy Efficiency Information Services for the Residential and Commercial Sectors, and other sources provided by respondents. Each brief has been sent to persons contacted for their review and comment one or more times, and each has been revised to reflect the review comments.

Farhar, B.C.

1990-07-01

408

Transfer of battery technology developed by the US Department of Energy  

SciTech Connect

This study examines linkages between government and the private sector in battery research and development, investigates industry's use of advances in battery technology developed with funding from the US Department of Energy (DOE), and explores the appropriate federal role. The industrial viewpoint was obtained through interviews with 25 commercial battery developers. This report describes candidate electrochemical technologies, analyzes past and present government/industry interfaces, documents technological advances and private sector outcomes, and recommends ways to enhance transfer of DOE-developed technology to industry. A major study finding is that industry can promptly and effectively translate battery advances with commercial potential into new products, and that aggressive technology transfer activities by DOE are unnecessary. Major US battery companies were found to be highly knowledgeable with respect to DOE program content and technological advances attained. In addition, liberal patent waivers have allowed companies to build proprietary positions, and technology diffusion within the private sector can be rapid and efficient. It appears that DOE can best increase the transfer of technology to industry by simply creating advances with commercial potential at a faster rate. Principal recommendations include: (1) an expanded advisory role for industry; (2) increased programmatic flexibility; (3) greater efforts aimed at quantum advances; and (4) increased technical autonomy for industrial contractors.

Walsh, W.J.; Symons, P.C.

1984-08-01

409

Inadequate transfer of breast cancer self-detection technology.  

PubMed Central

Results of a telephone interview of 290 New Orleans women indicate that, at best, only about 10 per cent of them efficaciously applied breast cancer self-detection technology. These findings suggest that research to date regarding breast self-examination efficacy in early tumor detection actually is problematic since few controls have been provided for the degree to which research subjects possess the knowledge to perform the examination correctly.

Sheley, J F

1983-01-01

410

Waste minimization and pollution prevention technology transfer : the Airlie House Projects.  

SciTech Connect

The Airlie House Pollution Prevention Technology Transfer Projects were a series of pilot projects developed for the US Department of Energy with the intention of transferring pollution prevention technology to the private sector. The concept was to develop small technology transfer initiatives in partnership with the private sector. Argonne National Laboratory developed three projects: the microscale chemistry in education project, the microscale cost benefit study project, and the Bethel New Life recycling trainee project. The two microscale chemistry projects focused on introducing microscale chemistry technologies to secondary and college education. These programs were inexpensive to develop and received excellent evaluations from participants and regulators. The Bethel New Life recycling trainee project provided training for two participants who helped identify recycling and source reduction opportunities in Argonne National Laboratory's solid waste stream. The pilot projects demonstrated that technology transfer initiatives can be developed and implemented with a small budget and within a short period of time. The essential components of the pilot projects were identifying target technologies that were already available, identifying target audiences, and focusing on achieving a limited but defined objective.

Gatrone, R.; McHenry, J.; Myron, H.; Thout, J. R.

1998-01-14

411

TES technology transfer in the pulp and paper industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermal energy storage (TES) is a technique whereby energy is temporarily stored in order to more uniformly balance steam generation with steam demands. The pulp and paper industry accomplishes this in an accumulator using hot water or steam as the transfer medium. An international study was conducted which showed that TES is presently more universally practiced in Scandinavian mills than in U.S. mills. However, TES offers significant benefits in energy conservation, provides an instant steam reserve to stabilize mill steam demand, prolongs power boiler life, and permits displacement of oil with potentially less expensive and more abundant alternative fuels. The capital pay back time (PBT) is two to three years with return on investment (ROI) of 30 to 50 percent. Projections indicate that installed TES system will become increasingly common in U.S. mills in the near future.

Edde, H.; Handley, J.

1982-02-01

412

A New Approach For A Low Cost CPV Module Design Utilizing Micro-Transfer Printing Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Semprius is applying a novel massively parallel, automated production process to address CPV's reliability, performance, cost, and scalability requirements. The new design approach utilizing patented micro-transfer printing technology enables the use of many very small cells (0.36 mm2) with benefits including high efficiency, simple distributed heat transfer, high concentration ratio, and small thin concentrating optical elements. We briefly describe the design approach and provide detailed supporting on-sun measurements.

Burroughs, Scott; Conner, Robert; Furman, Bruce; Menard, Etienne; Gray, Allen; Meitl, Matthew; Bonafede, Salvatore; Kneeburg, David; Ghosal, Kanchan; Bukovnik, Rudolf; Wagner, Wolfgang; Seel, Steven; Sullivan, Michael

2010-10-01

413

A program for the transfer of manufacturing technology from the national laboratories  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to test a needs-driven approach to transfer of manufacturing technology from the National Laboratories. The first task was the development of a 250-page book, describing the durable goods industry and its technological needs. This book was used in three engagements with DOE labs, in which researchers were briefed on needs, and asked to nominate technologies to meet these needs. Of 47 nominations, approximately one-third were technologies that has not been recognized as having value, and were not listed on the Laboratory's data base. After several evaluation steps, commercialization planning is underway for six, and one is being considered for prototype development.

Shackson, R.H.

1992-03-01

414

Incorporating the Delphi Technique to investigate renewable energy technology transfer in Saudi Arabia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Saudi Arabia is a major oil-producing nation facing a rapidly-growing population, high unemployment, climate change, and the depletion of its natural resources, potentially including its oil supply. Technology transfer is regarded as a means to diversify countries' economies beyond their natural resources. This dissertation examined the opportunities and barriers to utilizing technology transfer successfully to build renewable energy resources in Saudi Arabia to diversify the economy beyond oil production. Examples of other developing countries that have successfully used technology transfer to transform their economies are explored, including Japan, Malayasia, and the United Arab Emirates. Brazil is presented as a detailed case study to illustrate its transition to an economy based to a much greater degree than before on renewable energy. Following a pilot study, the Delphi Method was used in this research to gather the opinions of a panel of technology transfer experts consisting of 10 heterogeneous members of different institutions in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, including aviation, telecommunication, oil industry, education, health systems, and military and governmental organizations. In three rounds of questioning, the experts identified Education, Dependence on Oil, and Manpower as the 3 most significant factors influencing the potential for success of renewable energy technology transfer for Saudi Arabia. Political factors were also rated toward the "Very Important" end of a Likert scale and were discussed as they impact Education, Oil Dependence, and Manpower. The experts' opinions are presented and interpreted. They form the basis for recommended future research and discussion of how in light of its political system and its dependence on oil, Saudi Arabia can realistically move forward on renewable energy technology transfer and secure its economic future.

Al-Otaibi, Nasir K.

415

Gene Therapy: The Potential Applicability of Gene Transfer Technology to the Human Germline  

PubMed Central

The theoretical possibility of applying gene transfer methodologies to the human germline is explored. Transgenic methods for genetically manipulating embryos may in principle be applied to humans. In particular, microinjection of retroviral vector appears to hold the greatest promise, with transgenic primates already obtained from this approach. Sperm-mediated gene transfer offers potentially the easiest route to the human germline, however the requisite methodology is presently underdeveloped. Nuclear transfer (cloning) offers an alternative approach to germline genetic modification, however there are major health concerns associated with current nuclear transfer methods. It is concluded that human germline gene therapy remains for all practical purposes a future possibility that must await significant and important advances in gene transfer technology.

2004-01-01

416

From Becquerel to Nanotechnology:. One Century of Decline of Scientific Dissemination, Publishing and Technology Transfer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

2008 marks the 100th anniversary of Henri Becquerel's death, the discoverer of radioactivity and a leading contributor to the birth of modern physics. In addition to well-deserved celebrations, this offers a chance for a sobering look at scientific dissemination then and now and at the evolution of technology transfer. The facts are shocking: both dissemination and technology transfer were much faster and effective at the time of Becquerel, in spite of all the new communication techniques. I briefly speculate on the causes of these dismal failures, arguing that they are primarily rooted in society, academic management and industrial management — and therefore very difficult to reverse.

Margaritondo, G.

417

WHO influenza vaccine technology transfer initiative: role and activities of the Technical Advisory Group.  

PubMed

In May 2006, the WHO published a Global Pandemic Influenza Action Plan. A significant part of that plan involves the transfer of technology necessary to build production capacity in developing countries. The WHO influenza technology transfer initiative has been successful. Clearly the relatively small WHO investments made in these companies to develop their own influenza vaccine production facilities have had quite dramatic results. A few companies are already producing large amounts of influenza vaccine. Others will soon follow. Whether they are developing egg-based or planning non-egg based influenza vaccine production, all companies are optimistic that their efforts will come to fruition. PMID:21684429

Francis, Donald P; Grohmann, Gary

2011-07-01

418

Health management education partnerships: more than technology transfer.  

PubMed

This article presents the reflections of three faculty members from New York University based on more than two years of experience in a health management education (HME) partnership with institutions in the Republic of Albania. The most significant point to be shared with colleagues considering similar initiatives in other countries is that aiding other professionals in developing health management education programs involves much more than the transfer of technical information among professionals. Based on experience in Albania, we argue that the development of viable management and policy analysis programs will require assistance to counterparts in Central and Eastern Europe in: (1) building constituencies for these activities among influential leaders and sustaining this support through changes in government; (2) providing models of and motivations for using styles of pedagogy that vary significantly from those now common in this part of the world; and (3) reconciling conflicts between pressures for investments in the largely hospital-based activity of health management and the largely public-health-based needs of relatively poor countries. PMID:10387233

Brecher, C; Schall, E; Weitzman, B

1998-01-01

419

Small experiments for the maturation of orbital cryogenic transfer technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The no-vent fill method is a promising approach to handle the problems of low-g venting during propellant transfer. A receiver tank is first cooled to remove thermal energy from the tank wall and the resultant vapor vented overboard. Then nozzles mix the incoming liquid and residual vapor in the tank maintaining a thermodynamic state which allows the tank to fill with liquid without venting. Ground based testing at NASA Lewis Research Center (LeRC) has demonstrated the no-vent fill process and attempted to bound its low-gravity performance. But, low-gravity testing is required to validate the method. As an alternative to using a dedicated spacecraft for validation the authors have formulated several small scale experiments to study no-vent fill in low-g. Cost goals quickly limited the search to two possibilities: a secondary payload on the Space Shuttle, or a small scale sounding rocket experiment. This paper will discuss the key issues of small scale experimentation and present a conceptual design of a sounding rocket experiment with liquid hydrogen for studying the fill process.

Chato, David J.; Taylor, William J.

1992-08-01

420

The use of technology and leadership in enhancing strategic cooperative policing within the SADC region  

Microsoft Academic Search

The globalisation processes driving development and the transnational nature of crime require the collaboration of police within regions using sophisticated technology to combat crime. This article examines the role of technology and leadership in enhancing cooperative policing. Following a successful safety strategy during the 2010 Federation of International Football Association (FIFA) Soccer World Cup (SWC) tournament in South Africa, the

Ingrid Sinclair; Mpho Matlala

2011-01-01

421

The Role of Empirical Evidence for Transferring a New Technology to Industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Technology transfer and innovation diffusion are key success factors for an enterprise. The shift to a new software technology involves, on one hand, inevitable changes to ingrained and familiar processes and, on the other, requires training, changes in practices and commitment on behalf of technical staff and management. Nevertheless, industry is often reluctant to innovation due to the changes it determines. The process of innovation diffusion is easier if the new technology is supported by empirical evidence. In this sense our conjecture is that Empirical Software Engineering (ESE) serves as means for validating and transferring a new technology within production processes. In this paper, the authors report their experience of a method, Multiview Framework, defined in the SERLAB research laboratory as support for designing and managing a goal oriented measurement program that has been validated through various empirical studies before being transferred to an Italian SME. Our discussion points out the important role of empirical evidence for obtaining management commitment and buy-in on behalf of technical staff, and for making technological transfer possible.

Baldassarre, Maria Teresa; Bruno, Giovanni; Caivano, Danilo; Visaggio, Giuseppe

422

National security and technology transfer: the strategic dimensions of east-west trade  

SciTech Connect

Deterioration of detente in the wake of the ongoing Soviet arms buildup has focused sharply the east-west trade debate on the question of advanced technology transfer from the United States and its allies to the Soviet bloc. The transfer and acquisition of high technology have become central ingredients in superpower relations and are key elements of any national security policy. President Reagan, among others, has questioned the wisdom of the policies of the 1960s and early 1970s, when trade with the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe expanded rapidly. At recent industrial-nation summits, conferees of Western countries agreed to high-level review of their east-west technology trade policies. But in light of the apparent West European commitment to continue and expand trade with the east, as exemplified by the Siberian gas pipeline project, and the growing US opposition to such technology transfer, divisions between US and Western trade policies toward the East are likely to become increasingly acute in the years ahead. In this book, the editors have selected comprehensive and representative articles to examine the question of technology transfer from a variety of perspectives - political, economic, and military - emphasizing both the US and the Western allies' points of view and offering insights into the complex issues raised by the strategic dimensions of east-west trade.

Bertsch, G.K.; McIntyre, J.R. (eds.)

1983-01-01

423

[Los Alamos National Laboratory industrial applications and technology transfer]. Final report  

SciTech Connect

In October 1989, the Los Alamos Economic Development Corporation (LAEDC) entered into a contract with the Industrial Applications office (IAO) of Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) whereby the LAEDC was to provide support services to IAO. More specifically, according to the Statement of Work in this contract ``The Los Alamos Economic Development Corporation shall assist the Los Alamos National Laboratory Industrial Applications Office in establishing and strengthening connections between potential entrepreneurs at the Laboratory and the business assistance community throughout New Mexico, directed toward enhancing the number, of successful start up businesses spinning off the Laboratory`s technology base.`` As part of this contract and subsequent modifications thereof, the LAEDC was to perform seven tasks: 1. Provide business planning assistance to potential entrepreneurs. 2. (Assist IAO in preparing and distributing) informational materials on technology transfer. 3. (Organize and manage) meetings and seminars on technology transfer and entrepreneurship. 4. Identify new opportunities for technology transfer. 5. (Identify and implement programs for the) recognition of Laboratory Entrepreneurs. 6. Training Lab personnel, in the area of technology transfer and Laboratory industrial interactions. 7. Review and summarize prior New Mexico economic development studies. The purpose of this report, is to summarize the accomplishments of the LAEDC under its contract with IAO, and to fulfill its reporting requirements. This report covers the period from October 1989 to September 1992.

Not Available

1992-09-30

424

Existing technology transfer report: analytical capabilities. Appendix B. Volume 3  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of the on-going analytical efforts was to develop in-house expertise and analytical capability for the analysis of coal and coal-derived products in support of SRC-I process technology. The approach taken and work accomplished involved: identification of test methods and associated equipment; review and implementation of analytical facility plan; evaluation of existing instrumentation; evaluation and purchase of new instruments; training of laboratory personnel; validation or development of analytical methods; development of standard product work-up methods and development of analytical protocol for detailed characterization of SRC-I solid and liquid products. This volume contains Appendix B with the following attachments: solvent separation procedure A; Wilsonville solvent separation procedure, distillation separation procedure; solvent separation modified Wilsonville Procedure W; statistical comparison of 3 solvent separation procedures; methods development for column chromatography, and application of gas chromatography to characterization of a hydrogen donor solvent; and high performance liquid chromatographic procedure.

Tewari, K.C.

1984-06-01

425

ESTABLISHMENT OF AN INDUSTRY-DRIVEN CONSORTIUM FOCUSED ON IMPROVING THE PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE OF DOMESTIC STRIPPER WELLS  

SciTech Connect

The Pennsylvania State University, under contract to the U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory will establish, promote, and manage a national industry-driven Stripper Well Consortium (SWC) that will be focused on improving the production performance of domestic petroleum and/or natural gas stripper wells. The consortium creates a partnership with the U.S. petroleum and natural gas industries and trade associations, state funding agencies, academia, and the National Energy Technology Laboratory. This report serves as the seventeenth quarterly technical progress report for the SWC. Key activities for this reporting period include: (1) organizing and hosting the SWC fall technology transfer meetings in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma and State College, Pennsylvania, (2) planning of the upcoming SWC spring proposal meeting, (3) release of the SWC Request-for-proposals (RFP), (4) revision of the SWC By-Laws, and (5) the SWC Executive Council nomination and election for 2005-2006 term members.

Joel L. Morrison

2005-01-04

426

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO U.S. INDEPENDENT OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect

During FY00, the Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of helping U.S. independent oil and gas producers make timely, informed technology decisions. PTTC's national organization has active grassroots programs that connect with independents through its 10 Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs). These activities--including technology workshops, resource centers, websites, newsletters, and other outreach efforts--are guided by regional Producer Advisory Groups (PAGs). The role of the national headquarters (HQ) staff includes planning and managing the PTTC program, conducting nation-wide technology transfer activities, and implementing a comprehensive communications effort. This technical progress report summarizes PTTC's accomplishments during FY00, which lay the groundwork for further growth in the future.

Unknown

2000-05-01

427

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO U.S. INDEPENDENT OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect

During FY99, the Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of helping U.S. independent oil and gas producers make timely, informed technology decisions. PTTC's national organization has active grassroots programs that connect with independents through its 10 Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs). These activities--including technology workshops, resource centers, websites, newsletters, and other outreach efforts--are guided by regional Producer Advisory Groups (PAGs). The role of the national headquarters (HQ) staff includes planning and managing the PTTC program, conducting nation-wide technology transfer activities, and implementing a comprehensive communications effort. This technical progress report summarizes PTTC's accomplishments during FY99, which lay the groundwork for further growth in the future.

Unknown

1999-10-31

428

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO U.S. INDEPENDENT OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect

During FY99, the Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of helping U.S. independent oil and gas producers make timely, informed technology decisions. PTfC's national organization has active grassroots programs that connect with independents through its 10 Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs). These activities--including technology workshops, resource centers, websites, newsletters, and other outreach efforts--are guided by regional Producer Advisory Groups (PAGs). The role of the national headquarters (HQ) staff includes planning and managing the PTTC program, conducting nation-wide technology transfer activities, and implementing a comprehensive communications effort. This technical progress report summarizes PTTC's accomplishments during FY99, which lay the groundwork for further growth in the future.

Donald Duttlinger

1999-12-01

429

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO U.S. INDEPENDENT OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of assisting U.S. independent oil and gas producers to make timely, informed technology decisions. Functioning as a cohesive national organization, PTTC has active grassroots programs through its 10 Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs) and 3 Satellite Offices that encompass all of the oil- and natural gas-producing regions in the U.S. Active

Donald F. Duttlinger; E. Lance Cole

2003-01-01

430

Effectiveness of university technology transfer: an organizational population ecology view of a maturing supplier industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we propose that universities engaged in technology transfer activities can be viewed as the University Technology\\u000a Commercialization (UTC) industry. We use an organizational population ecology perspective to outline an economic model for\\u000a the analysis of the UTC industry. We introduce cohort analysis and time-lagged comparisons of multiple stages in the commercialization\\u000a process to examine the efficiency and

Richard Cardozo; Alexandre Ardichvili; Anthony Strauss

2011-01-01

431

Development, Justice, and Technology Transfer in China: The Case of HP and Legend  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1978, 16 months after Mao Zedong’s death, China’s new leader, Deng Xiaoping, introduced market reforms and an “opening”\\u000a to the West that allowed the US company Hewlett-Packard (HP) to enter China in 1981. Shortly thereafter, HP began a partnership\\u000a with the Chinese company Legend Computer (now Lenovo), through which HP transferred its technology in four main areas: (1)\\u000a product technology,

Manuel Velasquez

2009-01-01

432

Technology transfer decision support in requirements engineering research: a systematic review of REj  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the main goals of an applied research field such as requirements engineering is the transfer of research results to\\u000a industrial use. To promote industrial adoption of technologies developed in academia, researchers need to provide tangible\\u000a evidence of the advantages of using them. This can be done through industry validation, enabling researchers to test and validate\\u000a technologies in a

Martin Ivarsson; Tony Gorschek

2009-01-01

433

Lead-free solder technology transfer from ASE Americas  

SciTech Connect

To safeguard the environmental friendliness of photovoltaics, the PV industry follows a proactive, long-term environmental strategy involving a life-of-cycle approach to prevent environmental damage by its processes and products from cradle to grave. Part of this strategy is to examine substituting lead-based solder on PV modules with other solder alloys. Lead is a toxic metal that, if ingested, can damage the brain, nervous system, liver and kidneys. Lead from solder in electronic products has been found to leach out from municipal waste landfills and municipal incinerator ash was found to be high in lead also because of disposed consumer electronics and batteries. Consequently, there is a movement in Europe and Japan to ban lead altogether from use in electronic products and to restrict the movement across geographical boundaries of waste containing lead. Photovoltaic modules may contain small amounts of regulated materials, which vary from one technology to another. Environmental regulations impact the cost and complexity of dealing with end-of-life PV modules. If they were classified as hazardous according to Federal or State criteria, then special requirements for material handling, disposal, record-keeping and reporting would escalate the cost of decommissioning the modules. Fthenakis showed that several of today's x-Si modules failed the US-EPA Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) for potential leaching of Pb in landfills and also California's standard on Total Threshold Limit Concentration (TTLC) for Pb. Consequently, such modules may be classified as hazardous waste. He highlighted potential legislation in Europe and Japan which could ban or restrict the use of lead and the efforts of the printed-circuit industries in developing Pb-free solder technologies in response to such expected legislation. Japanese firms already have introduced electronic products with Pb-free solder, and one PV manufacturer in the US, ASE Americas has used a Pb-free solder exclusively in their modules since 1993. Finding a safe, reliable and cost-effective substitute for lead-containing solders is not easy. Tin/lead solder has been the standard solder technology for several decades and extensive knowledge has been gained on the practical and theoretical aspects of its use. The printed circuit and the electronics industries recently embarked on a multi-million-dollar R and D effort to develop such alternatives, focusing on material properties, manufacturing processes, cost of alloys and long-term availability and reliability. Fthenakis outlined such efforts and listed alternatives examined by the electronics industries. One of the most promising alternatives (for electronics) is the 96.5%Sn/3.5%Ag solder that ASE Americas developed and use. ASE Americas' research and independent field testing showed it is at least as reliable as the standard one. This solder is slightly more expensive than the regular Sn/Pb solder. However, to the audience gratification, Steel Heddle, a solder manufacturer, announced that they will absorb the incremental cost and will supply 96.5%Sn/3.5%Ag at the same price as the conventional Sn/Pb solder ribbon. Another issue is the low TTLC for Ag in California (i.e., 0.5 g / kg of module), but Fthenakis showed that the Sn/Ag solder will add less than 10% of this quantity (i.e., 0.05 g of Ag / kg of module). The major point made by Fthenakis was that alternatives exist that are both environmentally benign and cost-effective, and that the PV industry can only benefit by being proactive in switching to Pb-free materials, thereby exceeding the expectations of its supporters and averting potential future legislation.

FTHENAKIS,V.

1999-10-19

434

Shandiin/DOE intertribal energy programs: technology transfer series  

SciTech Connect

This project entailed the continuation of solar design and construction workshops for the Navajo, Hopi, and Apache Tribes, including tribal planners, tribal staff, engineers, architects, and installers of energy systems. The project also entailed the continuation of support for the development of an energy self-sufficient community school system for the many rural Navajo communities. Great emphasis was placed in completing the second phase of development of the intertribal computer network. The development of this network will greatly benefit our nation in increased efficiency and coordination of tribal energy programs. A series of workshops was held in energy programs training for planners from the Navajo, Hopi, and Apache Tribes. The initial assessment of this program concludes that the greatest impact and return came from the Navajo Tribe's Division of Economic Development, with lesser impact upon the Community Development branches of the Hopi and Apache Tribes. The impact of microcomputer technologies upon the tribes has been shown to be profound, and the development of the intertribal computer network can be seen as a true asset to both the tribes and to the nation.

Not Available

1984-01-01

435

Targeted Technology Transfer to US Independents 2004 Yearly Technical Progress Report. (Report for October 1, 2003-September 2004).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of assisting U.S. independent oil and gas producers with timely, informed technology decisions during Fiscal Year 2004 (FY04). PTTC has active grassroots programs through its ...

2005-01-01

436

Cell-printing and transfer technology applications for bone defects in mice.  

PubMed

Bone regeneration therapy based on the delivery of osteogenic factors and/or cells has received a lot of attention in recent years since the discovery of pluripotent stem cells. We reported previously that the implantation of capillary networks engineered ex vivo by the use of cell-printing technology could improve blood perfusion. Here, we developed a new substrate prepared by coating glass with polyethylene glycol (PEG) to create a non-adhesive surface and subsequent photo-lithography to finely tune the adhesive property for efficient cell transfer. We examined the cell-transfer efficiency onto amniotic membrane and bone regenerative efficiency in murine calvarial bone defect. Cell transfer of KUSA-A1 cells (murine osteoblasts) to amniotic membrane was performed for 1 h using the substrates. Cell transfer using the substrate facilitated cell engraftment onto the amniotic membrane compared to that by direct cell inoculation. KUSA-A1 cells transferred onto the amniotic membrane were applied to critical-sized calvarial bone defects in mice. Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) analysis showed rapid and effective bone formation by the cell-equipped amniotic membrane. These results indicate that the cell-printing and transfer technology used to create the cell-equipped amniotic membrane was beneficial for the cell delivery system. Our findings support the development of a biologically stable and effective bone regeneration therapy. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:21218471

Tsugawa, Junichi; Komaki, Motohiro; Yoshida, Tomoko; Nakahama, Ken-Ichi; Amagasa, Teruo; Morita, Ikuo

2011-01-10

437

Cell-printing and transfer technology applications for bone defects in mice.  

PubMed

Bone regeneration therapy based on the delivery of osteogenic factors and/or cells has received a lot of attention in recent years since the discovery of pluripotent stem cells. We reported previously that the implantation of capillary networks engineered ex vivo by the use of cell-printing technology could improve blood perfusion. Here, we developed a new substrate prepared by coating glass with polyethylene glycol (PEG) to create a non-adhesive surface and subsequent photo-lithography to finely tune the adhesive property for efficient cell transfer. We examined the cell-transfer efficiency onto amniotic membrane and bone regenerative efficiency in murine calvarial bone defect. Cell transfer of KUSA-A1 cells (murine osteoblasts) to amniotic membrane was performed for 1 h using the substrates. Cell transfer using the substrate facilitated cell engraftment onto the amniotic membrane compared to that by direct cell inoculation. KUSA-A1 cells transferred onto the amniotic membrane were applied to critical-sized calvarial bone defects in mice. Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) analysis showed rapid and effective bone formation by the cell-equipped amniotic membrane. These results indicate that the cell-printing and transfer technology used to create the cell-equipped amniotic membrane was beneficial for the cell delivery system. Our findings support the development of a biologically stable and effective bone regeneration therapy. PMID:21953867

Tsugawa, Junichi; Komaki, Motohiro; Yoshida, Tomoko; Nakahama, Ken-ichi; Amagasa, Teruo; Morita, Ikuo

2011-01-10

438

Brokerage and SME Innovation: An Analysis of the Technology Transfer Service at Area Science Park, Italy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper contributes to the literature on innovation brokerage by analysing the effects of brokerage activities on the innovation and growth of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The authors provide a detailed description of the Technology Transfer Service (TTS), credited as a European best-practice innovation broker, at Area Science…

Cattapan, Paolo; Passarelli, Mariacarmela; Petrone, Michele

2012-01-01

439

Determining the Success or Failure of International Technology Transfer: A Conceptual Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors present a conceptual framework that is considered useful for investment studies and consultancy activities on international technology transfer (ITT). Thoroughly elaborated investment studies--by which possible risks and constraints can be identified--can provide valuable support to decision makers in an ITT project. There appears to…

van Egmond-de Wilde de Ligny, E. L. C.; Kumaraswamy, M. M.

2003-01-01

440

To Patent or Not: Faculty Decisions and Institutional Success at Technology Transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

We draw on qualitative data derived from field work on two university campuses to develop an explanation for widely disparate rates of new invention disclosure. We argue that faculty decisions to disclose are shaped by their perceptions of the benefits of patent protection. These incentives to disclose are magnified or minimized by the perceived costs of interacting with technology transfer

Jason Owen-Smith; Walter W. Powell

2001-01-01

441

48 CFR 970.3102-05-30-70 - Patent costs and technology transfer costs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

(a) For management and operating contracts that do not include the clause at 970.5227-3, Technology Transfer Mission, the cost principle at 48 CFR 31.205-30 applies. (b) For management and operating contracts that do include the clause at...

2010-10-01

442

48 CFR 970.3102-05-30-70 - Patent costs and technology transfer costs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

(a) For management and operating contracts that do not include the clause at 970.5227-3, Technology Transfer Mission, the cost principle at 48 CFR 31.205-30 applies. (b) For management and operating contracts that do include the clause at...

2009-10-01

443

Foreign Direct Investment as Technology Transferred: Some Panel Evidence from the Transition Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the theoretical literature has identified various sizeable benefits from foreign direct investment inflows (FDI), the empirical literature has been unable to establish a positive and significant impact of FDI on the rates of economic growth of host countries. One reason for this difficulty is that theory equates FDI to technology transferred, while in most countries and regions of the

Nauro F; Yuko Kinoshita

2002-01-01

444

The role of academic technology transfer organizations in improving industry science links  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transfer of scientific and technological know-how into valuable economic activity has become a high priority on many policy agendas. Industry Science Links (ISLs) are an important dimension of this policy orientation. Over the last decades, multiple insights have been gained (both theoretical and empirical) as to how “effective” ISLs can be fostered through the design and the development of

Koenraad Debackere; Reinhilde Veugelers

2005-01-01

445

Considering Components, Types, and Degrees of Authenticity in Designing Technology to Support Transfer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Authenticity is a key to using technology for instruction in ways that enhance learning and support learning transfer. Simply put, a representation is authentic when it shows learners clearly what a task, context, or experience will be like in real practice. More authentic representations help people learn and understand better. They support…

Hardre, Patricia L.

2013-01-01

446

Technology Transfer and Innovation Initiatives in Strategic Management: Generating an Alternative Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper taps the strategic management discipline to inform our understanding of technology transfer and innovation (TTI) initiatives. With special focus on the UK Foresight programme it considers the impacts that the resource-based and core competence approaches to strategy can have on understanding the nature and effectiveness of TTI…

Major, E.

2003-01-01

447

AN EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM FOR TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER BETWEEN SPAIN AND SOUTH AMERICA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper shows the current state of development in a project of technology transferency between Spain and several South America countries. There are already three years collaborating in this subject and it is a small sample about how international relations are improving the educational quality in Remote Sensing in both sides of Atlantic ocean. International cooperation in Earth Observation lets

C. Perez; J. Rojas; J. L. Lizeca

448

A DDC Bibliography on Cost/Benefits of Technical Information Services and Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This bibliography is a compilation of literature existing in both the government and public sectors and concerning Cost/Benefits of Technical information Services and Technology Transfer. Not only was the cost-benefit to the user reflected, but consideration was given to the initial cost of information collections, the cost of processing the…

Defense Documentation Center, Alexandria, VA.

449

Use of broker organizations in technology transfer and research utilization for the buildings industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several broker organizations are already an active part of the technology transfer and research utilization activities of DOE's Building Systems Division. These interactions often take the form of service on broker organization or DOE task forces and review committees, joint sponsorship of meetings and workshops, subcontracts for research and\\/or information dissemination to brokers, publication of documents, code and standards setting

Copenhaver

1985-01-01

450

International Entrepreneurship and Technology Transfer: The CDM´s Reality in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Entrepreneurship as a determinant of economic growth and innovation intensity has been increasingly used by governments for shaping public policies with sustainable development purposes. This chapter positions the Clean Development Mechanism as an example of an international technology transfer mechanism that can stimulate knowledge spillovers in the host economies. Taking as reference the Chinese context, a benchmarking approach is proposed

João Aleluia; João Leitão

2009-01-01

451

Department of Energy's solar technology transfer program: the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLL) under the direction of the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Solar Technology Transfer Program (STTP) has designed and implemented a regionalized solar commercialization outreach program. Primary target audiences in Arizona, California, Hawaii and Nevada include architects, builders, lenders, contractors, plumbers, manufacturers, distributors as well as educational institutions, state and local offices, and library systems. The experience

1979-01-01

452

Determination of technology transfer requirements for enhanced oil recovery. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

A detailed field study was conducted to determine the technical information needs of current and potential users of enhanced oil recovery data. Under the direction of the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), the study (1) identifies groups which have a need for EOR-related information, (2) delineate the specific information needs of each user-group, and (3) outlines methods for improved transfer

T. D. Wilson; J. P. Scott

1980-01-01

453

Technology transfer reports for the IEA Grimethorpe pressurized fluidized-bed project: bibliography  

Microsoft Academic Search

This bibliography contains a listing of reports issued by the International Energy Agency Grimethorpe Pressurized Fluidized-Bed Project and published by the US Department of Energy. It also contains abstracts of each report as a guide to the information contained therein. It is provided as a reference to enable attendees at the IEA Grimethorpe Technology Transfer Workshop and others to access

Byam; J. W. Jr

1984-01-01

454

Intellectual Property: Federal Agency Efforts in Transferring and Reporting New Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Both the Bayh-Dole Act and the Technology Transfer Commercialization Act of 2000 contain requirements that GAO issue a report on the implementation of the acts at least once every 5 years. The primary objective the current report was to provide informatio...

2002-01-01

455

University technology transfer: comparative study of US, European and Australian universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied the factors that influence university knowledge commercialization through university Technology Transfer Office (TTO). We analyzed the resources associated with commercialization performance as measured by patenting, licensing, and spin-off activities in a sample of 124 Australian, European and US universities. Our analysis suggests that high levels of commercialization output are positively associated with the commercial resources of a university,

T. Vinig; Rijsbergen van P

2010-01-01

456

Sophistry, relevance and technology transfer in management research: an IMP perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The practical relevance of research to the needs of managers matters to academics, business people, and policy makers. The paper asks whether Industrial Marketing and Purchasing Group (IMP) research has achieved such relevance. If not, was relevance never achieved, was it once achieved but has now been lost, or are inadequate technology transfer processes at fault?

Ross Brennan; Peter W. Turnbull

2002-01-01

457

Proceedings of the First National Workshop on Energy Efficiency Education Through Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains the proceedings from a workshop held in Washington, D.C. in December, 1977. The purpose of the conference was to examine project PROCEED (Program for Continuing Engineering Education) as an innovative approach to technology transfer in energy efficiency education and the potential relationships of the project with the…

Cohen, Karen C., Ed.

458

EMAP-WEST COMMUNICATIONS: DATA ANALYSIS WORKSHOPS TRANSFER STATISTICAL TECHNOLOGY TO REGIONS, STATES, AND TRIBES  

EPA Science Inventory

Transferring monitoring technology is a key component of EMAP-West. The Coastal Team has begun that process with respect to data analyses with a series of workshops to train Regional/State/Tribal cooperators in how to conduct the statistical analysis of EMAP data. The three coast...

459

An empirical study of the relationship between absorptive capacity and technology transfer effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the relationship of Absorptive Capacity (AC) and its elements to Technology Transfer Effectiveness (TTE) in the flexible packaging industry in Thailand. The relationship of each AC element to each dimension of TTE is assessed. Findings are that TTE is related to all AC elements, but not all to the same degree. While all AC elements were found

Naruemon Whangthomkum; Barbara Igel; Mark Speece

2006-01-01

460

University-industry entrepreneurship: The organization and management of American university technology transfer units  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mechanisms for increasing technology transfer between universities and industry have proliferated rapidly in the United States as institutions of higher education have become much more entrepreneurial. The economic implications of these activities have received substantial attention and the sociological aspects of this process have been vigorously debated (e.g. the effect of university-industry relationships on academic integrity). Much less consideration has

David D. Dill

1995-01-01

461

Transfer of Nuclear Engineering Knowledge at Hanoi University of Technology: Lessons Learned and Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper there are shown main objectives of the nuclear engineering education programme implemented at the Hanoi Unversity of Technology (HUT) since the year 1970 up to now. After presenting three periods of the programme, the authors drew lessons learned from nearly-forty-years runing the programme. At present, transfer of nuclear engineering knowledge at HUT is in new circumstances, especially

Phung Van Duan; Phung Viet Anh

462

Transfer of Industry-Oriented Nuclear Technology at NUCOR (Nuclear Development Cooperation of South Africa).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The transfer of industry-oriented nuclear technology at the Nuclear Development Corporation of South Africa (Pty) Ltd (NUCOR) is centred in a few divisions only, as most of the NUCOR's program is internally oriented. The industry-oriented activities inclu...

A. S. M. De Jesus

1983-01-01

463

A Discussion of Strategies for Appropriate Technology Transfer to Developing Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ongoing flow of monetary assistance and technological transfer from developed to developing countries is examined and its success gauged. Two examples are cited: "The Mumias Sugar Company--A Success Story in Kenya," and, "The Sao Francisco River Power Development in Brazil--A Disaster along the River." The paper also discusses what…

Gor, Christopher O.; And Others

464

The Effect of Information Technology on Knowledge Acquisition, Retention, and Transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our work integrates organizational learning research with information systems research and empirically tests whether new information technology (IT) contributes to an organization's ability to retain knowledge accumulated through experience as well as to transfer knowledge between firm locations. We conducted a cross-sectional time series analysis of sixty months of data at multiple financial institution payment processing facilities where the same

Michael J. Ashworth; Linda Argote; Tridas Mukhopadhyay

465

Technology transfer, the environment, and the third world: Having one's cake and eating it  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the end of the Cold War, the major trend of the next century will be the development of competitive export economies in third world countries. In this paper, an on-going experiment in Mexico is reported. The experiment features the transfer of technology with a minimum adverse environmental impact. The goal is to develop sustainable integration into global markets by

Allen D. Jedlicka; Allen Rappaport

1992-01-01

466

The Determinants of Innovation: R & D, Technology Transfer and Networking Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional analysis of innovation has focused on the Schumpeterian hypothesis of a positive link between market power and innovation. This often includes an implicitly linear view of the innovation process, with R & D as a necessary first step. This paper widens the determinants of innovation beyond R & D to include technology transfer and networking effects, thus extending

James H. Love; Stephen Roper

1999-01-01

467

Effect of Linguistic Heterogeneity on Technology Transfer: An Economic Study of FIFA Football Rankings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper used the Fédération International de Football Association (FIFA) world ranking points data to examine how linguistic heterogeneity has an impact on technology transfer from the most developed countries. The major findings are: (1) the learning effect from the most developed countries on team performance i s larger for developing countries than for developed countries. (2) Linguistic heterogeneity has

Eiji Yamamura

2012-01-01

468

Proceedings: Symposium on the Transfer and Utilization of Particulate Control Technology (6th). Volume 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

These proceedings document the Sixth Symposium on the Transfer and Utilization of Particulate Control Technology, in New Orleans, LA, February 25-28, 1986. The symposium, the second of its kind to be sponsored jointly by EPA and EPRI, was devoted to discu...

H. Rossi

1986-01-01

469

A Knowledge Workshop for the Navy: An Experiment in Technology Transfer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In order to transfer the technology developed at SRI-ARC to Navy organizations, a video tape was produced to be shown at an all-Navy conference held at ONR. Following this introduction to ARC's concepts and facilities, several Navy Laboratories have subsc...

R. N. Lieberman

1974-01-01

470

The development of University Technology Transfer stakeholder relationships at a regional level: Lessons for the future  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing importance placed upon regional development and the knowledge-based economy as economic growth stimuli has led to a changing role for Universities and their interaction with the business community through (though not limited to) the transfer of technology from academia to industry. With the emergence of Local Enterprise Partnerships (LEPs) replacing the Regional Development Agencies (RDAs), there is a

Rodney McAdam; Kristel Miller; Maura McAdam; Sinead Teague

471

Finnish University Technology Transfer in a Whirl of Changes - a Brief Summary  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finnish university technology transfer is currently caught in the turbulences of major changes in the national innovation system. Three virtually simultaneous changes are of special importance. The first is the massive on-going renewal of the Universities Act governing the Finnish higher education system in its entirety. It was originally initiated to provide universities with more financial and operational flexibility and

Antti-Jussi Tahvanainen

2009-01-01

472

The Impact of Technology Transfer Office Characteristics on University Invention Disclosure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examine faculty disclosure of inventions, which is an important precursor of university licensing. The au- thors hypothesize that invention disclosure (ID) is an increasing function of R&D expenditures, faculty size, faculty quality, royalty share, and technology transfer office (TTO) independence from university funding. The authors also argue that, because TTO size is a measure of TTO agent research

Zibin Xu; Mark E. Parry; Michael Song

2011-01-01

473

Technical Education Transfer: Perceptions of Employee Computer Technology Self-Efficacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated influences on employee self-efficacy of computer technologies resulting from computer-training programs that were intended to meet individual and organization objectives for university personnel. Influences on the transfer of training process included previous computer training, computer-use requirements, computer-use…

Decker, C. A.

1999-01-01

474

78 FR 59410 - Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Small Business Administration (SBA) is reopening the comment period for the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Commercialization Benchmark notice, which was published in the Federal Register on August 8, 2013, with a 30-day public comment period. We are reopening the comment period to allow all interested parties an additional period of......

2013-09-26

475

78 FR 48537 - Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Small Business Administration (SBA) is publishing the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program Commercialization Benchmark for the 11 participating agencies for public comment. This benchmark establishes the commercialization results a Small Business Concern (SBC) that has been awarded multiple prior Phase II awards is required to achieve......

2013-08-08

476

Technology transfer or Sociotechnical change? Exploring energy options for Norfolk Island  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy options for Norfolk Island have been explored for the last 25 years, and there has been little change in the way energy is produced and consumed. The focus of the exploration has been almost entirely technical, and concepts of technology transfer as a holistic process occurring in a social context - a sociotechnical landscape - have not been adopted.

D. C. Barton

477

Factors leading to the success and failure of complex technology transfer programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report represents the efforts of a small but diverse study group, all of whose members have had experience in the design, operation, and evaluation of complex technology-transfer programs. It was not the intent of this group to analyze in depth the prospects and design possibilities for a national energy extension service (EES). Rather, it was an attempt to capture

1977-01-01

478

66 GHz static frequency divider in transferred-substrate HBT technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report a 66 GHz emitter coupled logic (ECL) 2:1 static frequency divider using InAlAs\\/InGaAs transferred-substrate HBTs. To our knowledge this is the fastest static divider reported in any semiconductor technology

Q. Lee; D. Mensa; J. Guthrie; S. Jaganathan; T. Mathew; Y. Betser; S. Krishnan; S. Ceran; M. J. W. Rodwell

1999-01-01

479

Technology 2001: The Second National Technology Transfer Conference and Exposition, Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

Papers from the technical sessions of the Technology 2001 Conference and Exposition are presented. The technical sessions featured discussions of advanced manufacturing, artificial intelligence, biotechnology, computer graphics and simulation, communications, data and information management, electronics, electro-optics, environmental technology, life sciences, materials science, medical advances, robotics, software engineering, and test and measurement.

Not Available

1991-12-01

480

Electronic Transfer: Moving Technology Dollars in New Directions--Technology Counts 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the special issues of the eighth edition of "Education Week's" annual report on education technology, "Technology Counts." The annual report tracks the economic and policy forces that are converging to push those changes, which are happening at the federal, state, and local levels. States and school districts are spending…

Edwards, Virginia

2005-01-01

481

Final administrative report for technology transfer and information dissemination, January 1, 1982-March 31, 1983  

SciTech Connect

The Geo-Heat Center was established in 1974 as a result of an International Geothermal Conference held at Oregon Institute of Technology for the purpose of providing an information exchange and technology transfer on the direct use of geothermal from both the USA and international sources. This was accomplished by establishing an information dissemination program, conducting applied research and working on site specific feasibility study projects in seven western states by means of a USDOE sponsored technical assistance program. This report covers the period from January 1, 1982 to March 31, 1983 which provided a public service in the form of a Quarterly Bulletin, technology transfer and a Region X Geothermal Report. The tasks accomplished are summarized.

Lienau, P.J.

1983-04-01

482

From Know-how to Show-how? Questioning the Role of Information and Communication Technologies in Knowledge Transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores and critically reviews the ability of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to improve the transferability of knowledge. The aim here is to look beyond knowledge transfer at a general level. By distinguishing between codified knowledge and tacit knowledge, a more thorough understanding of knowledge transfer is sought, and in particular of the role of ICTs in this

Joanne Roberts

2000-01-01

483

Report of a Planning Conference for Solar Technology Information Transfer. Austin, Texas, 12-13 June 1979).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Charged with the responsibility of determining the best way to plan for solar technology information transfer within the state of Texas, participants in the Planning Conference for Solar Technology Information Transfer met to discuss the many ongoing activities related to energy information dissemination, to analyze the resources available in…

Southwestern Library Association, Stillwater, OK.

484

Report of a Planning Conference for Solar Technology Information Transfer. Austin, Texas, 12-13 June 1979).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Charged with the responsibility of determining the best way to plan for solar technology information transfer within the state of Texas, participants in the Planning Conference for Solar Technology Information Transfer met to discuss the many ongoing activities related to energy information dissemination, to analyze the resources available in…

Southwestern Library Association, Stillwater, OK.

485

Ready-to-Wear Development? Foreign Investment, Technology Transfer, and Learning by Watching in the Apparel Trade  

Microsoft Academic Search

The commodity-chain approach to economic development has inspired a growing literature on the apparel trade. While advocates of the approach hold that North American apparel firms are transferring skill and technology to Mexico and are thereby encouraging “export upgrading” south of the border, I illuminate a parallel process of skill and technology transfer in the Caribbean Basin and thereby (1)

Andrew Schrank

2004-01-01

486

Information Technology in Complex Health Services : Organizational Impediments to Successful Technology Transfer and Diffusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo identify impediments to the successful transfer and implementation of packaged information systems through large, divisionalized health services.DesignA case analysis of the failure of an implementation of a critical application in the Public Health System of the State of New South Wales, Australia, was carried out. This application had been proven in the United States environment.MeasurementsInterviews involving over 60 staff

Frank Charles Gray Southon; Chris Sauer

1997-01-01

487

The Transfer of Chemical Knowledge: The Case of Chemical Technology and its Textbooks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is a study of textbooks in chemical technology in Sweden during the industrialisation in the 19th century. In this period, teaching in technological education in general became more and more founded on science. However, there existed very few textbooks in chemical technology, and it is argued that the reason was that the essentials of the knowledge used for developing chemical industry were of a tacit and local character. Such knowledge could only with difficulty be transferred through textbooks with scientific ambitions. Thus the textbooks written or translated by scientists were not as widely used as the ones written or translated by chemical engineers. The usefulness of the latter group can be explained by the fact that they had been adapted to local circumstances, and expressed generalisations, not as scientific laws, but as rules of thumb. Finally, a model for the diffusion of knowledge is suggested, by which the role of textbooks in chemical technology better can be understood.

Lundgren, Anders

2006-11-01

488

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO U.S. INDEPENDENT OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of helping U.S. independent oil and natural gas producers make timely, informed technology decisions. Networking opportunities that occur with a Houston Headquarters (HQ) location are increasing name awareness. Focused efforts by Executive Director Don Duttlinger to interact with large independents, national service companies and some majors are continuing to supplement the support base of the medium to smaller industry participants around the country. PTTC is now involved in many of the technology-related activities that occur in high oil and natural gas activity areas. Access to technology remains the driving force for those who do not have in-house research and development capabilities and look to the PTTC to provide services and options for increased efficiency.

Unknown

2003-04-30

489

Selected case studies of technology transfer from mission-oriented applied research  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (DOE) Advanced Industrial Concepts Division (AICD) under the Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) supports interdisciplinary applied research and exploratory development that will expand the knowledge base to enable industry to improve its energy efficiency and its capability to use alternative energy resources. AICD capitalizes on scientific and technical advances from the United States and abroad, applying them to address critical technical needs of American industry. As a result, AICD research and development products are many and varied, and the effective transfer of these products to diverse targeted users requires different strategies as well. This paper describes the products of AICD research, how they are transferred to potential users, and how actual transfer is determined.

Daellenbach, K.K.; Watts, R.L.; Young, J.K. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Abarcar, R.B. [Energetics, Inc., Columbia, MD (United States)

1992-07-01

490

The use of pesticides in French viticulture: a badly controlled technology transfer!  

PubMed

The use of pesticides is one of the techniques employed in modern agriculture and in particular in intensive agriculture. The risks for the environment and for worker health have been debated in western countries for about ten years. Recent developments in epidemiology, toxicology and ergotoxicology have clearly revealed that pesticides could harm the health of farmers (cancers, neurological diseases and reproductive disorders). Failures and shortcomings in the risk prevention systems have also come to light. This paper aims to address the risks associated to the use of pesticides in French vineyards. The chosen approach draws from an anthropological approach as well as from developments in ergotoxicology applied to the French vineyard work. We shall discuss the use of pesticides from the point of view of the transfer of technology. Our recent research has shown that this technology transfer was not completely controlled by the different stakeholders. PMID:22316694

Alain, Garrigou; Baldi, Isabelle; Marçal, Jackson

2012-01-01

491

Modularization and nuclear power. Report by the Technology Transfer Modularization Task Team  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the results of the work performed by the Technology Transfer Task Team on Modularization. This work was performed as part of the Technology Transfer work being performed under Department of Energy Contract 54-7WM-335406, between December, 1984 and February, 1985. The purpose of this task team effort was to briefly survey the current use of modularization in the nuclear and non-nuclear industries and to assess and evaluate the techniques available for potential application to nuclear power. A key conclusion of the evaluation was that there was a need for a study to establish guidelines for the future development of Light Water Reactor, High Temperature Gas Reactor and Liquid Metal Reactor plants. The guidelines should identify how modularization can improve construction, maintenance, life extension and decommissioning.

Not Available

1985-06-01

492

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO U.S. INDEPENDENT OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) continued pursuing its mission of helping U.S. independent oil and gas producers make timely, informed technology decisions during Fiscal Year 2000 (FY00). Functioning as a cohesive national organization, PTTC has active grassroots programs through its ten Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs) who bring research and academia to the table via their association with geological surveys and engineering departments. The regional directors connect with independent oil and gas producers through technology workshops, resource centers, websites, newsletters, various technical publications and other outreach efforts. These are guided by regional Producer Advisory Groups (PAGs), who are area operators and service companies working with the Regional Lead Organizations. The role of the national headquarters (HQ) staff includes planning and managing the PTTC